®
Š
Š
®
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
 1995–1996
Dell Computer Corporation. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Computer Corporation is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and PowerEdge are registered trademarks, DellWare is a registered service mark, and Dell
Dimension is a trademark of Dell Computer Corporation; Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation; Microsoft, Windows, and MS-DOS
are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation; CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe, Inc.; and PRODIGY is a registered
trademark of Prodigy Services Co.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products.
Dell Computer Corporation disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
October 1996
P/N 40721
Safety Instructions
U
se the following safety guidelines to help protect
your computer system from potential damage and to
ensure your own personal safety.
When Working Inside the
Computer
In addition, take note of these safety guidelines when
appropriate:
•
To help avoid possible damage to the system board,
wait five seconds after turning off the system before
removing a component from the system board or disconnecting a peripheral device from the computer.
•
When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector
or on its strain-relief loop, not on the cable itself.
Some cables have a connector with locking tabs; if
you are disconnecting this type of cable, press in on
the locking tabs before disconnecting the cable. As
you pull connectors apart, keep them evenly aligned
to avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before
you connect a cable, make sure both connectors are
correctly oriented and aligned.
•
Handle components and cards with care. Don’t touch
the components or contacts on a card. Hold a card by
its edges or by its metal mounting bracket. Hold a
component such as a microprocessor chip by its
edges, not by its pins.
WARNING: The power supplies in this computer
system produce high voltages and energy hazards,
which can cause bodily harm. Only trained service
technicians are authorized to remove the computer
covers and access any of the components inside the
computer.
Before taking the covers off of the computer, perform the
following steps in the sequence indicated:
1.
Turn off the computer and any peripherals.
2.
Disconnect the computer and peripherals from
their power sources. Also, disconnect any telephone or telecommunications lines from the
computer.
Doing so reduces the potential for personal injury or
shock.
3.
Touch an unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis, such as the power supply, before
touching anything inside the computer.
While you work, periodically touch an unpainted
metal surface on the computer chassis to dissipate
any static electricity that might harm internal
components.
Protecting Against Electrostatic
Discharge
Static electricity can harm delicate components inside the
computer. To prevent static damage, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of the
computer’s electronic components, such as the microprocessor. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal
surface on the computer chassis.
As you continue to work inside the computer, periodically touch an unpainted metal surface to remove any
static charge your body may have accumulated.
v
In addition to the preceding precautions, you can also
take the following steps to prevent damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD):
•
When unpacking a static-sensitive component from
its shipping carton, do not remove the component’s
antistatic packing material until you are ready to
install the component in the computer. Just before
unwrapping the antistatic packaging, be sure to discharge static electricity from your body.
•
When transporting a sensitive component, first place
it in an antistatic container or packaging.
•
Handle all sensitive components in a static-safe area.
If possible, use antistatic floor pads and workbench
pads.
The following caution appears throughout this document
to remind you of these precautions:
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic
Discharge” in the safety instructions at the front of
this guide.
When Using the Computer
System
As you use the computer system, observe the following
safety guidelines:
•
vi
Be sure the monitor and attached peripherals are
electrically rated to operate with the AC power available in your location.
•
To help prevent electric shock, plug the computer
and peripheral power cables into properly grounded
power sources. These cables are equipped with
three-prong plugs to ensure proper grounding. Do
not use adapter plugs or remove the grounding prong
from a cable. If you must use an extension cable, use
a three-wire cable with properly grounded plugs.
•
To help protect the computer system from sudden,
transient increases and decreases in electrical power,
use a surge suppressor, line conditioner, or uninterruptible power supply.
•
Be sure nothing rests on the computer system’s
cables and that the cables are not located where they
can be stepped on or tripped over.
•
Do not spill food or liquids on the computer. If the
computer gets wet, see Chapter 7, “Checking Inside
the Computer.”
•
Do not push any objects into the openings of the
computer. Doing so can cause fire or electric shock
by shorting out interior components.
•
Keep the computer away from radiators and heat
sources. Also, do not block cooling vents. Avoid
placing loose papers underneath the computer; do
not place the computer in a closed-in wall unit or on
a rug.
Preface
About This Guide
This guide provides directions for trained service technicians who are installing system upgrade options in a Dell
PowerEdge 4100/180 or Dell PowerEdge 4100/200 computer system or are troubleshooting problems that have
temporarily disabled a system. Before calling for technical assistance, follow the recommended procedure(s) in
this guide to solve most hardware and software problems
yourself.
•
Chapter 1, “Introduction,” provides a brief overview
of system service features.
•
Everyone should read Chapter 2, “Checking the
Basics,” for some initial checks and procedures that
can be used to solve basic computer problems. It also
directs you to the appropriate chapter in this guide
for more detailed troubleshooting information and
procedures to solve more complex problems.
•
Whenever you receive an error message or code, you
should read Chapter 3, “Messages and Codes.” This
chapter discusses system messages, system beep
codes, warning messages, and diagnostics messages.
•
If you suspect that the problems are software-related,
or you are still having problems after testing the
computer’s hardware, read Chapter 4, “Finding Software Solutions.” It provides some general guidelines
for analyzing software problems.
•
For hardware-related problems, read Chapter 5,
“Running the System Diagnostics.” Chapter 6,
“Checking the Equipment,” and Chapter 7, “Checking Inside the Computer,” provide troubleshooting
procedures for equipment connected to the input/
output (I/O) panel of the computer and components
inside the computer, respectively. Chapter 7 also provides information on removing the computer covers.
•
Chapter 8, “Installing System Board Options,”
Chapter 9, “Installing Drives in the External Bays,”
and Chapter 10, “Installing Drives in the Internal
Bays,” are intended for technicians who want to
install or remove options inside the computer, such
as dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs), expansion cards, or SCSI devices.
•
Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” describes the help tools
Dell provides to assist you should you have a problem with the computer. It also explains how and
when to call Dell for technical assistance.
•
Make a copy of the checklist in Appendix A, “Diagnostics Checklist,” and fill it out as you perform the
troubleshooting procedures. If you need to call Dell
for technical assistance, use the completed checklist
to tell the support technician what procedures you
performed to better help the Dell technician give you
assistance. If you must return a piece of hardware to
Dell, include a filled-out checklist.
•
Appendix B, “Diagnostic Video Tests,” discusses the
tests for the Video Test Group in the system diagnostics to help you test the monitor.
•
Appendix C, “Jumpers and Switches,” is intended
for technicians who are troubleshooting the system
or adding internal options and need to change jumper
or switch settings.
•
A table of the abbreviations and acronyms used
throughout this guide and in other Dell documentation for the system precedes the index.
vii
Other Documentation You May
Need
You may need to reference the following documentation
when performing the procedures in this guide:
•
The Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems User’s Guide, which describes system features
and technical specifications, video and small computer system interface (SCSI) device drivers, the
System Setup program, software support utilities,
and the EISA Configuration Utility.
•
The Dell PowerEdge 4100 Systems Rack Installation
Guide, which provides detailed instructions for
installing the system in a rack.
•
The Dell Hardware Instrumentation Package for
Intel LANDesk Server Manager User’s Guide, which
describes the alert messages issued by this server
management software.
You may also have one or more of the following
documents:
•
•
•
Operating system documentation is included with
the system if you ordered the operating system software from Dell. This documentation describes how
to install (if necessary), configure, and use the operating system software.
Documentation is included with any options you
purchase separately from the system, such as the
Dell PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller SCSI
host adapter. This documentation includes information that you need to configure and install these
options in the Dell computer. Installation instructions for the options are included in the system
documentation.
Technical information files—sometimes called
“readme” files—may be installed on the hard-disk
drive to provide last-minute updates about technical
changes to the system or advanced technical reference material intended for experienced users or
technicians.
NOTE: Documentation updates are sometimes included
with the system to describe changes to the system or software. Always read these updates before consulting any
other documentation because the updates often contain information that supersedes the information in the other
documents.
viii
Notational Conventions
The following subsections list notational conventions
used in this document.
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
Throughout this guide, there may be blocks of text
printed in bold type within boxes or in italic type. These
blocks are warnings, cautions, and notes, and they are
used as follows:
WARNING: A WARNING indicates the potential
for bodily harm and tells you how to avoid the
problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells
you how to avoid the problem.
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that
helps you make better use of the computer system.
Typographical Conventions
The following list defines (where appropriate) and illustrates typographical conventions used as visual cues for
specific elements of text throughout this document:
•
Keycaps, the labeling that appears on the keys on a
keyboard, are presented in uppercase and enclosed in
angle brackets.
Example: <ENTER>
•
Key combinations are series of keys to be pressed
simultaneously (unless otherwise indicated) to perform a single function.
Example: <CTRL><ALT><ENTER>
•
All items on a menu screen are presented in the HELVETICA font and in uppercase bold.
Example: SETUP PASSWORD category
•
Commands presented in lowercase bold are for reference purposes only and are not intended to be typed
at that particular point in the discussion.
Example: “Use the format command to . . . .”
In contrast, commands presented in the Courier
font are intended to be typed as part of an instruction.
•
Example: “Type format a: to format the diskette in
drive A.”
•
Filenames and directory names are presented in
lowercase bold.
Example: “Type md c:\dos, and then press
<ENTER>.”
Examples: autoexec.bat and c:\windows
•
Syntax lines consist of a command and all its
possible parameters. Commands are displayed in
lowercase bold; variable parameters (those for which
you substitute a value) are displayed in lowercase
italics; constant parameters are displayed in lowercase bold. The brackets indicate items that are
optional.
Screen text is text that appears on the screen of the
monitor or display. It can be a system message, for
example, or it can be text that you are instructed to
type as part of a command (referred to as a command
line). Screen text is presented in Courier font.
Example: The following message appears on the
screen:
No boot device available
•
Variables are symbols for which you substitute a
value. They are presented in italics.
Example: EISAn (where n represents the expansioncard connector number)
Example: del [drive:] [path]filename [/p]
•
Command lines consist of a command and may
include one or more of the command’s possible
parameters. Command lines are presented in
Courier.
Example: del c:\myfile.doc
ix
x
Chapter 1
Introduction
D
ell PowerEdge 4100/180 and Dell PowerEdge 4100/200 systems are high-speed, upgradable
About This Guide
servers that offer a number of significant service and
upgrade features.
This guide provides directions for trained service
technicians who are installing system options or are
troubleshooting problems that have temporarily disabled
a Dell PowerEdge system. Before calling for technical
assistance, follow the recommended procedure(s) in this
guide to solve most hardware and software problems
yourself.
®
™
The Dell PowerEdge 4100 systems’ service features
make troubleshooting easy and effective. Every system
includes CD-based Dell diagnostics software for diagnosing system problems if the system can boot. The
embedded server management hardware monitors temperatures and voltages throughout the system and notifies
you if the system overheats or if one of the system cooling fans malfunctions. If the system has an optional
power-supply paralleling board and redundant power
supplies, the server management hardware also monitors
the status of the power supplies.
The Dell PowerEdge 4100 system chassis simplifies
removing and replacing computer components. Processor
and memory upgrades can be performed without removing the system board. The Dell-designed small computer
system interface (SCSI) backplane board and hard-disk
drive carriers eliminate the extensive cabling and drive
configuration usually required for a SCSI subsystem. The
plastic drive rails attached to devices mounted in the
external drive bays allow you to remove devices without
removing a single screw.
Among the many upgrade options offered for the Dell
PowerEdge 4100 systems are a secondary microprocessor, additional main memory, a variety of
expansion-card options (including the Dell PowerEdge
Expandable RAID Controller host adapter), and additional SCSI CD-ROM, tape, and hard-disk drives.
•
Chapter 2, “Checking the Basics,” outlines some initial checks and procedures and also directs you to the
appropriate chapter in this guide for more detailed
troubleshooting information.
•
Whenever you receive an error message or code, you
should read Chapter 3, “Messages and Codes.”
•
If you suspect that the problems are software-related,
or you are still having problems after testing the
computer’s hardware, read Chapter 4, “Finding Software Solutions.”
•
For hardware-related problems, read Chapter 5,
“Running the System Diagnostics.” Chapter 6,
“Checking the Equipment,” and Chapter 7, “Checking Inside the Computer,” provide troubleshooting
procedures for equipment connected to the input/
output (I/O) panel of the computer and components
inside the computer, respectively.
Chapter 7 also provides information on removing the
computer covers and front bezel.
•
If you are installing or removing system options, such
as dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs), expansion
cards, or SCSI devices, refer to Chapter 8, “Installing
System Board Options,” Chapter 9, “Installing Drives
in the External Bays,” or Chapter 10, “Installing
Drives in the Internal Bays.”
Introduction
1-1
•
Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” describes the help tools
Dell provides to assist you should you have a problem with the computer. It also explains how and
when to call Dell for technical assistance.
•
If you are performing troubleshooting procedures,
make a copy of Appendix A, “Diagnostics Checklist,” and fill it out. If you need to call Dell for
technical assistance, use the completed checklist to
tell the support technician what procedures you performed to better help the Dell technician give you
assistance. If you must return a piece of hardware to
Dell, include a filled-out copy of this checklist.
1-2
•
Appendix B, “Diagnostic Video Tests,” discusses the
tests for the Video Test Group in the system diagnostics to help you test the monitor.
•
Appendix C, “Jumpers and Switches,” is intended
for technicians who add internal options and need to
change jumper or switch settings.
•
A table of the abbreviations and acronyms used
throughout this guide and in other Dell documentation for the system precedes the index.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 2
Checking the Basics
I
f a Dell PowerEdge 4100 computer system is not working as expected, start your troubleshooting with the
procedures in this chapter. This chapter guides you
through some initial checks and procedures that can solve
basic computer problems. It can also direct you to the
appropriate chapter in this guide for detailed troubleshooting information and procedures to solve more
complex problems.
under the SNMP trap log icon. (More information
about the Alert Log window and options is provided
in the Dell HIP online help.)
Yes. Go to “Alert Log Messages From the Dell HIP
Program” in Chapter 3.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
NOTE: When you see the question, “Is the problem
resolved?” in a troubleshooting procedure, perform the
operation that caused the problem.
Backing Up Files
Is the computer wet or damaged?
Yes. Go to Chapter 7, “Checking Inside the
Computer.”
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Perform the steps in “Checking Connections and
Switches” found next in this chapter.
Is the problem resolved?
If the system is behaving erratically, back up the files
immediately. See the documentation that came with the
operating system for instructions on how to back up the
files.
Yes. The power to the computer system was faulty, or
the connections to the computer system were loose.
You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 4.
Basic Checks
4.
Perform the steps in “Look and Listen” found
later in this chapter.
Did the computer system complete the boot routine?
The following procedure leads you through the checks
necessary to solve some basic computer problems:
Yes. Go to step 5.
1.
No. A serious malfunction may have occurred. Go to
Chapter 11, “Getting Help.”
Was an alert message issued by the Dell HIP
server management program?
The Dell Hardware Instrumentation Package (HIP)
server management application program generates
warning and failure messages for drive, temperature,
fan, and power conditions. These messages appear in
the simple network management protocol (SNMP)
trap log file. To see the trap log, select any enterprise
5.
Did you receive a system message or beep code?
Yes. Go to Chapter 3, “Messages and Codes.”
No. Go to step 6.
Checking the Basics
2-1
6.
Verify the settings in the System Setup program
as explained in “The System Setup Program”
found later in this chapter.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The system configuration information was
incorrect. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 7.
7.
2-2
Run the system diagnostics as described in Chapter 5.
Checking Connections and
Switches
Improperly set switches and controls and loose or
improperly connected cables are the most likely source of
problems for the computer, monitor, or other peripherals
(such as a printer, keyboard, mouse, or other external
equipment). A quick check of all the switches, controls,
and cable connections can easily solve these problems.
Figure 2-1 shows the back panel connections on the computer. Figure 2-2 shows the switches and controls on the
computer.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
video connector
server-management
serial port
parallel port connector
serial port 2 connector
serial port 1 connector
mouse connector
keyboard connector
AC power receptacle
security cable slot
Figure 2-1. Back Panel Features
Checking the Basics
2-3
diskette-drive
access indicator
power switch
power indicator
reset button
hard-disk drive
online indicator (6)
hard-disk drive
activity indicator (6)
hard-disk drive failure
indicator (6)
Figure 2-2. Switches and Controls
Complete the following procedure to check all the connections and switches:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Plug a lamp that you know works into the electrical outlet.
Does the lamp get power?
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals (such as the monitor, keyboard,
printer, external drives, scanners, or plotters).
Disconnect all the alternating current (AC) power
cables from their power sources.
Yes. The power strip is probably not functioning
properly. Get another power strip.
No. Go to step 5.
If the computer is connected to a power strip,
turn the power strip off and then on again.
5.
Is the power strip getting power?
6.
Reconnect the system to AC power.
Make sure that all connections fit tightly together.
Turn on the system.
Yes. Go to step 5.
Is the problem resolved?
No. Go to step 3.
Plug the power strip into another electrical outlet.
Yes. The connections were loose. You have fixed the
problem.
Is the power strip getting power?
No. Go to step 7.
Yes. The original electrical outlet probably does not
function. Use a different electrical outlet.
7.
Is the monitor operating properly?
Yes. Go to step 8.
No. Go to step 4.
No. Go to “Troubleshooting the Monitor” in Chapter 6.
8.
Is the keyboard operating properly?
Yes. Go to step 9.
2-4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
No. Go to “Troubleshooting the Keyboard” in Chapter 6.
9.
Is the mouse or printer operating properly?
Yes. Continue with “Look and Listen” found next in
this chapter.
No. Go to “Troubleshooting I/O Ports” in Chapter 6.
Look and Listen
Looking at and listening to the system is important in
determining the source of a problem. Look and listen for
the indications described in Table 2-1.
.
Table 2-1. Boot Routine Indications
Listen for:
Action
An error message
See Chapter 3, “Messages and Codes.”
Alert messages from the Dell HIP software
The server management software has detected a problem inside
the computer. See “Alert Log Messages From the Dell HIP Program” in Chapter 3.
The monitor’s power indicator
Most monitors have a power indicator (usually on the front
bezel). If the monitor’s power indicator does not come on, see
“Troubleshooting the Monitor” in Chapter 6.
The keyboard indicators
Most keyboards have one or more indicators (usually in the
upper-right corner). Press the <NUM LOCK> key, the
<CAPS LOCK> key, or the <SCROLL LOCK> key to toggle their
respective keyboard indicators on and off. If the indicators do
not light up, see “Troubleshooting the Keyboard” in Chapter 6.
The diskette-drive access indicator
The diskette-drive access indicator should quickly flash on and
off when you access data on the diskette drive. If the diskettedrive access indicator does not light up, see “Troubleshooting
the Diskette Drive Subsystem” in Chapter 7.
The hard-disk drive activity indicator
The hard-disk drive activity indicators should quickly flash on
and off when you access data on the hard-disk drives. On a
system running the Microsoft® Windows ® operating system,
you can test the drive by opening File Manager and clicking on
the icon for drive C. If the hard-disk drive access indicator does
not come on, see “Troubleshooting SCSI Hard-Disk Drives” in
Chapter 7.
A series of beeps
See Chapter 3, “Messages and Codes.”
Checking the Basics
2-5
Table 2-1. Boot Routine Indications
Listen for:
Action
An unfamiliar constant scraping or grinding sound
when you access a drive
Make sure the sound is not caused by the application program
you are running. The sound could be caused by a hardware malfunction. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on
getting technical assistance from Dell.
The absence of a familiar sound
When you turn on the system, you should hear the hard-disk
drives spin up, and the system tries to access the boot files from
the hard-disk drive, the diskette drive, or CD-ROM drive. See
Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.” If the system
does not boot, see Chapter 11, “Getting Help.”
If after looking and listening to the computer you have
not resolved the problem, continue with the instructions
in “The System Setup Program” found next in this
chapter.
The System Setup Program
You can easily correct certain system problems by verifying the correct settings in the System Setup program.
When you boot the system, the system checks the system
configuration information and compares it with the current hardware configuration. If the system hardware
configuration doesn’t match the information recorded by
the System Setup program, an error message may appear
on the screen.
The EISA Configuration Utility
If you are experiencing problems with the system, you
may have a conflict between the information stored by
the System Setup program and the EISA Configuration
Utility. Although the EISA Configuration Utility can read
changes from the System Setup program, the change is
not recorded into EISA configuration memory until you
run the EISA Configuration Utility and save the new
information. See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for detailed
instructions on using the EISA Configuration Utility and
saving new information.
If after using the EISA Configuration Utility you have
not resolved the problem, see Chapter 5, “Running the
System Diagnostics,” in this guide.
This problem can happen if you changed the system’s
hardware configuration and forgot to run the System
Setup program. To correct this problem, enter the System
Setup program, correct the corresponding System Setup
category, and reboot the system. See Chapter 4, “Using
the System Setup Program,” in the system User’s Guide
for detailed instructions on using the System Setup
program.
2-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 3
Messages and Codes
A
pplication programs, operating systems, and the
computer itself are capable of identifying problems and
System Messages
alerting you to them. When a problem occurs, a message
may appear on the monitor screen, or a beep code may
sound.
System messages alert you to a possible operating problem or to a conflict between the software and hardware. If
you receive a system message, see Table 3-1 for suggestions on resolving any problems indicated by the
message.
Several different types of messages can indicate when the
system is not functioning properly:
•
•
•
•
•
System messages
System beep codes
Warning messages
Diagnostics messages
NOTE: If the system message you received is not listed in
Table 3-1, check the documentation for the application
program that was running at the time the message
appeared and/or the operating system documentation for
an explanation of the message and a recommended
action.
Alert messages
This chapter describes each type of message and lists the
possible causes and actions you can take to resolve any
problems indicated by a message. To determine what
type of message you have received, read the following
sections.
Messages and Codes
3-1
Table 3-1. System Messages
Message
Cause
Action
System battery
is dead Replace and run
Setup
The battery on the system board is dead.
Replace the battery on the system board, and run the System
Setup program to restore the system configuration information. See “Replacing the Battery” in Chapter 8 for details.
System CMOS
checksum bad Run Setup
The CMOS configuration data is corrupted.
Run the System Setup program to restore the system configuration information.
Incorrect drive
A type - Run
Setup
Incorrect drive
B type - Run
Setup
The installed diskette
drive type does not
match the diskette drive
type in CMOS.
Run the System Setup program to correct the diskette drive
type.
Keyboard error
Stuck key
A cable or connector
may be loose, or the
keyboard may be faulty.
Check the keyboard cable and connector for proper connection. If the problem persists, run the Keyboard Test Group in
the system diagnostics to determine whether the keyboard or
keyboard controller is faulty. See Chapter 5, “Running the
System Diagnostics.”
System/Shadow
RAM failed at
offset:
One or more DIMMs
may be improperly
seated or faulty.
Remove and reseat the DIMMs. See “Installing DIMMs” and
“Removing DIMMs” in Chapter 8.
Operating system not found
The diskette, CD, or
hard-disk drive may not
have a bootable operating system on it.
Insert a diskette or CD with a bootable operating system, or
load a bootable operating system on the hard-disk drive. Run
the System Set Test Group to determine whether the microprocessor chip is faulty. See Chapter 5, “Running the System
Diagnostics.”
System cache
error - cache
disabled
The microprocessor chip
on the system board may
be malfunctioning.
Run the System Set Test Group to determine whether the
microprocessor chip is faulty. See Chapter 5, “Running the
System Diagnostics.”
System timer
error
A chip on the system
board may be malfunctioning.
Run the System Set Test Group to determine whether the system timers are faulty. See Chapter 5, “Running the System
Diagnostics.” A faulty chip on the system board usually
requires that you replace the system board.
Real-time clock
error
The RTC on the system
board may be malfunctioning.
Run the System Set Test Group to determine whether the RTC
on the system board is faulty. See Chapter 5, “Running the
System Diagnostics.”
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
3-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 3-1. System Messages (Continued)
Message
Cause
Action
Keyboard controller error
A cable or connector
may be loose, or the
keyboard controller may
be faulty.
Check the keyboard cable and connector for proper connection. If the problem persists, run the Keyboard Test Group in
the system diagnostics to determine whether the keyboard or
keyboard controller is faulty. See Chapter 5, “Running the
System Diagnostics.”
EISA configuration NVRAM bad
The EISA jumper may
have been accidentally
installed.
Remove the EISA jumper, reboot the system, and restore the
EISA configuration parameters. See Chapter 5, “Using the
EISA Configuration Utility,” in the User’s Guide.
EISA configuration error
The EISA data in
NVRAM does not
match the installed
EISA expansion cards.
Verify that any installed EISA expansion cards are properly
seated, and then run the EISA Configuration Utility to verify
that the configuration parameters are correct. See Chapter 5,
“Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the User’s Guide.
Invalid CPU
speed detected check jumpers
The microprocessorspeed jumper plug may
be absent or installed on
the wrong pins.
Check the microprocessor speed jumpers. See Table C-1.
Resource conflict
Warning: IRQ not
initialized
Expansion ROM
not initialized
The BIOS detected a
resource conflict while
configuring a Plug and
Play ISA or PCI expansion card.
See “Resolving Resource Conflicts” in Chapter 5 in the User’s
Guide.
System configuration data
write error
A chip on the system
board may be malfunctioning.
Run the System Set Test Group. See Chapter 5, “Running the
System Diagnostics.” A faulty chip on the system board usually requires that you replace the system board.
System memory
size has changed
- Run Configuration Utility
DIMM memory may
have been added or
removed, or one or more
DIMMs may be improperly seated or faulty.
Remove and reseat the DIMMs. See “Installing DIMMs” and
“Removing DIMMs” in Chapter 8. If the problem persists, run
the RAM Test Group in the system diagnostics. See Chapter 5,
“Running the System Diagnostics.”
Stepping of CPU1
is less than sA1
- System halted!
A Pentium® Pro microprocessor that is not
supported by the system
is installed in the
PROCESSOR1 socket.
Replace the microprocessor with a correct version of the Pentium Pro microprocessor from Dell. See “Upgrading the
Microprocessor or Installing a Secondary Microprocessor” in
Chapter 8 for details.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Messages and Codes
3-3
Table 3-1. System Messages (Continued)
Message
Cause
Action
Stepping of CPU2
is less than sA1
- System halted!
A Pentium Pro microprocessor that is not
supported by the system
is installed in the
PROCESSOR2 socket.
Replace the microprocessor with a correct version of the Pentium Pro microprocessor from Dell. See “Upgrading the
Microprocessor or Installing a Secondary Microprocessor” in
Chapter 8 for details.
Stepping of CPU
is less than sA1
- System halted!
A Pentium Pro microprocessor that is not
supported by the system
is installed.
Replace the microprocessor with a correct version of the Pentium Pro microprocessor from Dell. See “Upgrading the
Microprocessor or Installing a Secondary Microprocessor” in
Chapter 8 for details.
Nonidentical
CPUs - System
halted!
The cache memory size
of the two Pentium Pro
microprocessors must
match.
Replace one of the microprocessors so that the cache size of
the two microprocessors matches. See “Upgrading the Microprocessor or Installing a Secondary Microprocessor” in
Chapter 8 for details.
Invalid CPU
speed detected Check speed
jumpers. System
halted.
The microprocessor
speed detected is not
180 MHz or 200 MHz.
Check the microprocessor speed jumpers. See Table C-1.
Power supply
paralleling
board firmware
download failed
The server-management
bus cable connection to
the SCSI backplane
board may be loose,
preventing the firmware
from downloading during system start-up.
Check the server-management bus cable connections to the
system board (labeled “SMB BACKPLANE”) and SCSI
backplane (labeled “SMB”).
The embedded server
management memory
may be temporarily corrupted.
Turn off the system to clear the memory, then restart the system.
System backplane firmware
download failed
Embedded server
management firmware download
failed
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
3-4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
System Beep Codes
When errors occur during a boot routine that cannot be
reported on the monitor, the computer may emit a series
of beeps that identify the problem. The beep code is a pattern of sounds: for example, one beep, followed by a
second beep, and then a burst of three beeps (code 1-1-3)
means that the computer was unable to read the data in
nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM). This
information is valuable to the Dell support staff if you
need to call for technical assistance.
When a beep code is emitted, write it down on a copy of
the Diagnostics Checklist found in Appendix A, and then
look it up in Table 3-2. If you are unable to resolve the
problem by looking up the meaning of the beep code, use
the system diagnostics to identify a more serious cause. If
you are still unable to resolve the problem, see Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
Table 3-2. System Beep Codes
Code
Cause
Action
1-2
Invalid expansion ROM checksum
An expansion card could be improperly seated
or faulty. Ensure that all expansion cards are
properly seated, then reboot the system. Refer to
the documentation that came with the expansion
card for troubleshooting information.
1-2-2-3
Invalid BIOS ROM checksum
Fatal error. This error usually requires that you
replace the BIOS firmware. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
1-3-1-1
DRAM refresh failure
Remove and reseat the DIMMs. See “Installing
DIMMs” and “Removing DIMMs” in Chapter 8.
Reboot the system. If the problem persists, have
the system board replaced. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
1-3-1-3
Keyboard controller error
Check the keyboard cable and connector for
proper connection. If the problem persists, run
the Keyboard Test Group in the system diagnostics to determine whether the keyboard or
keyboard controller is faulty. See Chapter 5,
“Running the System Diagnostics.”
1-3-3-1
No DIMM memory installed
Remove and reseat the DIMMs. See “Installing
DIMMs” and “Removing DIMMs” in Chapter 8.
If the problem persists, have the system board
replaced. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for
instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Messages and Codes
3-5
Table 3-2. System Beep Codes (Continued)
Code
Cause
Action
1-3-4-1
1-3-4-3
1-4-1-1
DRAM failure
Remove and reseat the DIMMs. See “Installing
DIMMs” and “Removing DIMMs” in Chapter 8.
If the problem persists, run the RAM Test Group
in the system diagnostics. See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.” If the problem
still persists, have the system board replaced.
See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
1-4-2-1
CMOS failure
Run the System Test Group in the system diagnostics to isolate the problem. See Chapter 5,
“Running the System Diagnostics.”
1-4-3-1
Memory controller failure or DIMM
failure
Check the DIMMs to ensure that they are properly seated. If the problem persists, run the RAM
Test Group in the system diagnostics. See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
2-2-3-1
Unexpected interrupt
Ensure that all expansion cards are properly
seated, then reboot the system.
3-2-2-1
4-2-4-4
Gate A20 failure
Have the system board replaced. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
4-2-4-3
Keyboard controller error
Have the system board replaced. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Warning Messages
A warning message alerts you to a possible problem and
asks you to do something before execution continues. For
example, before you format a diskette, a message may
warn you that you may lose all data on the diskette as a
way to protect against inadvertently erasing or writing
over the data. These warning messages usually interrupt
the procedure and require you to respond by typing a y
(yes) or n (no).
NOTE: Warning messages are generated by either the
application programs or the operating system. See Chapter 4, “Finding Software Solutions,” and the
3-6
documentation that accompanied the operating system
and application programs.
Diagnostics Messages
When you run a test group or subtest in the system diagnostics, an error message may result. These particular
error messages are not covered in this chapter. Record the
message on a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in
Appendix A, then see Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for
instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Alert Log Messages From the
Dell HIP Program
The Dell Hardware Instrumentation Package (HIP)
server management application program generates alert
messages which appear in the simple network management protocol (SNMP) trap log file. To see the trap log,
select any enterprise under the SNMP trap log icon.
(More information about the Alert Log window and
options is provided in the Dell HIP online help and the
Dell HIP User’s Guide.)
Alert log messages consist of information, status, warning, and failure messages for drive, temperature, fan, and
power conditions. They can assist you with identifying a
problem and may provide you with information to help
you resolve the problem.
Table 3-3 alphabetically lists critical HIP alert log mes-
Table 3-3. Dell HIP Alert Log Messages
Message
Cause
Action
Composite drive failure
detected.
A composite drive has failed in the
specified server. If possible, the
chassis number is provided.
Notify the supervisor. Determine
which physical drive(s) have failed
within the composite, and remove
and replace the failed drive(s). You
will then need to configure the
drive. If a drive replaced was not a
redundant drive, the information
contained on that drive is lost.
Fan sensor detected a
failure.
A failure of one or more fans was
detected by the thermal-monitoring
facility in the specified server. If
possible, the fan number is also provided.
Check for a possible blockage on or
inadequate ventilation around the
fan. If the fan is not blocked and
ventilation is adequate, check fan
connections. If the problem persists,
replace the fan. See “Replacing a
Cooling Fan” in Chapter 8.
Fan sensor warning
detected.
A fan sensor reading on the
specified server has exceeded the
user-settable thresholds. If possible,
the fan number is also provided.
Check for a possible blockage on or
inadequate ventilation around the
fan. If the fan is not blocked and
ventilation is adequate, check fan
connections. If the problem persists,
replace the fan. See “Replacing a
Cooling Fan” in Chapter 8.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Messages and Codes
3-7
Table 3-3. Dell HIP Alert Log Messages (Continued)
Message
Cause
Action
Memory ECC fault
detected.
An ECC error has occurred in system memory.
Run the appropriate memory test(s)
in the system diagnostics. See
Chapter 5, “Running the System
Diagnostics,” for more information.
Physical drive failure
detected.
A physical drive, which is not part
of a composite array, has failed in
the specified server. If possible, the
chassis number and drive number
are also provided.
Notify the supervisor. Remove and
replace the drive.
Power supply degraded
redundancy detected.
In a system with redundant power
supplies, more power is being drawn
from the pair of power supplies than
one of the power supplies could support.
Reduce power consumption by disconnecting some peripherals or
cards.
Power supply lost redundancy detected.
In a system with redundant power
supplies, one power supply has been
disconnected or has failed. (If a
power supply has failed, you should
be receiving voltage and current
failure messages as well.)
Make sure both power supplies are
properly connected to their power
sources.
Temperature sensor violation detected.
A thermal probe in the specified
server has exceeded temperature
range. If possible, the chassis number and probe number are also
provided.
Check for a fan failure. If the problem persists, replace the fan. See
“Replacing a Cooling Fan” in Chapter 8.
Temperature sensor warning detected.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
3-8
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 3-3. Dell HIP Alert Log Messages (Continued)
Message
Cause
Action
Voltage sensor detected
a failure.
A failure has occurred with the system power supply or voltage
probe(s) on the SCSI backplane
board in the specified server. If possible, the chassis number and probe
number are also provided.
Check the power supply and SCSI
backplane board connections. If the
power supply is connected properly,
replace the power supply (or, if possible, switch it with another power
supply that is working properly to
determine whether the power supply
is the problem). See “Replacing a
Power Supply in Chapter 7. If the
problem persists, see Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on
obtaining technical assistance.
Voltage sensor warning
detected.
The voltage probe on the backplane
board or system board has exceeded
its range.
If the problem persists, check the
SCSI backplane board connections.
If the power supply is connected
properly, replace the power supply
(or, if possible, switch it with
another power supply that is working properly to determine whether
the power supply is the problem). If
the problem persists, see Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on
obtaining technical assistance.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
SCSI Hard-Disk Drive Indicator
Codes
The three light-emitting diode (LED) indicators adjacent
to each of the six SCSI hard-disk drive bays provide
information on the status of the SCSI hard-disk drives.
The SCSI backplane firmware controls the drive online
and drive fault indicators, while the drive access indicator
is usually controlled by the drive itself.
Table 3-4 lists the drive indicator patterns established by
the SCSI backplane firmware. Different patterns are displayed as drive events occur in the system. For example,
in the event of a hard-disk drive failure, the “drive failed”
pattern appears. After the drive is selected for removal,
the “drive being prepared for removal” pattern appears,
followed by the “drive ready for insertion or removal”
pattern. After the replacement drive is installed, the
“drive being prepared for operation” pattern appears,
then the “drive online” pattern.
Messages and Codes
3-9
Table 3-4. SCSI Hard-Disk Drive Indicator
Patterns
Condition
Indicator Pattern
Identify drive
All three drive status
indicators blink simultaneously.
Drive being prepared
for removal
The three drive status
indicators are flashed
sequentially.
Drive ready for insertion or removal
All three indicators are off.
Drive being prepared
for operation
The drive online indicator is
on. The drive activity light
may flash briefly.
Drive bay empty
All three indicators are off.
Drive predicted failure
The drive online indicator
turns off. The drive fault
indicator blinks on briefly
each second.
Drive failed
The drive online indicator
turns off. The drive fault
indicator blinks off briefly
each second.
Drive rebuilding
The drive online indicator
blinks rapidly.
Drive online
The online indicator is on.
3-10
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 4
Finding Software Solutions
B
ecause most computers have several application programs installed in addition to the operating system,
isolating a software problem can be confusing. Software
errors can also appear to be hardware malfunctions at
first. Software problems can result from the following
circumstances:
•
•
•
Improper installation or configuration of a program
•
Interrupt conflicts between devices
Input errors
Device drivers that may conflict with certain application programs
You can confirm that a computer problem is caused by
software by running the System Set Test Group as
described in Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.” If all tests in the test group complete successfully,
the error condition is most likely caused by software.
This chapter provides some general guidelines for analyzing software problems. For detailed troubleshooting
information on a particular program, see the documentation that accompanied the software or consult the support
service for the software.
Installing and Configuring
Software
The user should check newly acquired programs and files
for viruses with virus-scanning software before installing
the programs on the computer’s hard-disk drive. Viruses,
which are pieces of code that can replicate themselves,
can quickly use all available system memory, damage
and/or destroy data stored on the hard-disk drive, and
permanently affect the performance of the programs they
infect. Several commercial virus-scanning programs are
available for purchase, and most bulletin board services
(BBSs) archive freely distributed virus-scanning programs that you can download with a modem.
Before installing a program, the user should read its
documentation to learn how the program works, what
hardware it requires, and what its defaults are. A program
usually includes installation instructions in its accompanying documentation and a software installation routine
on its program diskettes.
The software installation routine assists users in transferring the appropriate program files to the computer’s
hard-disk drive. Installation instructions may provide
details about how to configure the operating system to
successfully run the program. Users should always read
the installation instructions before running a program’s
installation routine.
When users run the installation routine, they should be
prepared to respond to prompts for information about
how the computer’s operating system is configured, what
type of computer they have, and what peripherals are
connected to the computer.
Using Software
The following subsections discuss errors that can occur
as a result of software operation or configuration.
Error Messages
Error messages can be produced by an application program, the operating system, or the computer. Chapter 3,
“Messages and Codes,” discusses the error messages that
are generated by the system. If you receive an error message that is not listed in Chapter 3, check the operating
system or application program documentation.
Finding Software Solutions
4-1
Input Errors
If a specific key or set of keys is pressed at the wrong
time, a program may give you unexpected results. See the
documentation that came with the application program to
make sure that the values or characters you are entering
are valid.
Make sure that the operating environment is set up to
accommodate the programs you use. Keep in mind that
whenever you change the parameters of the computer’s
operating environment, you may affect the successful
operation of the programs. Sometimes, after modifying
the operating environment, you may need to
reinstall a program that no longer runs properly.
Program Conflicts
Some programs may leave portions of their setup information behind, even though you have exited from them.
As a result, other programs cannot run. Rebooting the
system can confirm whether or not these programs are
the cause of the problem.
There are also programs that use specialized subroutines
called device drivers that can also cause problems with the
computer system. For example, a variation in the way the
data is sent to the monitor may require a special screen
driver program that expects a certain kind of video mode or
monitor. In such cases, you may have to develop an alternative method of running that particular program—the
creation of a boot file made especially for that program, for
example. Call the support service for the software you are
using to help you with this problem.
Avoiding Interrupt Assignment
Conflicts
Problems can arise if two devices attempt to use the same
interrupt request (IRQ) line. To avoid this type of conflict, check the documentation for the default IRQ line
setting for each installed expansion card. Then consult
Table 4-1 to configure the card for one of the available
IRQ lines.
4-2
Table 4-1. Default IRQ Line Assignments
IRQ Line
Used/Available
IRQ0
Used by the system timer
IRQ1
Used by the keyboard to signal that
the output buffer is full
IRQ2
Used by interrupt controller 1 to
enable IRQ8 through IRQ15
IRQ3
Used by serial port 2
IRQ4
Used by serial port 1
IRQ5
Available
IRQ6
Used by the diskette/tape drive controller
IRQ7
Used by the parallel port
IRQ8
Used by the RTC
IRQ9
Available
IRQ10
Available
IRQ11
Available
IRQ12
Used by the mouse port
IRQ13
Used by the math coprocessor (if
applicable)
IRQ14
Available
IRQ15
Available
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym
used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 5
Running the System Diagnostics
U
nlike many diagnostic programs, Dell’s system diagnostics helps you check the computer’s hardware without
any additional equipment and without destroying any
data. By using the diagnostics, you can have confidence
in the computer system’s operation. And if you find a
problem you cannot solve by yourself, the diagnostic
tests can provide you with important information you
will need when talking to Dell’s service and support
personnel.
CAUTION: Use the system diagnostics to test only
Dell computer systems. Using this program with
other computers may cause incorrect computer
responses or result in error messages.
•
Options to temporarily suspend testing if an error is
detected or to terminate testing when an adjustable
error limit is reached
•
A menu category called ABOUT that briefly describes
each test and its parameters
•
Status messages that inform you whether test groups
or subtests were completed successfully
•
Error messages that appear if any problems are
detected
When to Use the System
Diagnostics
Features of the System
Diagnostics
The system diagnostics provides a series of menus and
options from which you choose particular test groups or
subtests. You can also control the sequence in which the
tests are run. The diagnostic test groups or subtests also
have these helpful features:
•
Options that let you run tests individually or
collectively
•
An option that allows you to choose the number of
times a test group or subtest is repeated
•
The ability to display or print out test results or to
save them in a file
Whenever a major component or device in the computer
system does not function properly, you may have a component failure. As long as the microprocessor and the
input and output components of the computer system (the
monitor, keyboard, or CD-ROM drive) are working, you
can use the system diagnostics. If you know what component(s) you need to test, simply select the appropriate
diagnostic test group(s) or subtest(s). If you are unsure
about the scope of the problem, read the rest of this
chapter.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-1
Starting the System Diagnostics
The system diagnostics is run directly from the Dell Server
Assistant CD. See Chapter 2, “Using the Dell Server
Assistant CD” in the system User’s Guide for information
on running the CD.
Follow these steps to run the diagnostics from the Dell
Server Assistant CD:
1.
Turn on the computer.
2.
Boot the system from the Dell Server Assistant
CD.
If the system fails to boot, see Chapter 11, “Getting
Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical
assistance.
3.
From the Main Menu, select the RUN SYSTEM
DIAGNOSTICS option from the RUN SYSTEM UTILITIES category.
NOTE: Before you read the rest of this chapter, you may
want to start the system diagnostics so you can see it on
the screen of the monitor.
When you start the diagnostics, the Dell logo screen
appears, followed by a message telling you that the diagnostics is loading. Before the diagnostics loads into
memory, a program tests the random-access memory
(RAM) that will be used by the diagnostics.
If no errors are found in RAM, the diagnostics loads, and
the Diagnostics Menu appears (see Figure 5-1). The
menu allows you to run all or specific diagnostic tests or
to exit to the Dell Server Assistant CD main menu.
For a quick check of the system, select the RUN QUICK
TESTS option. This option runs only the subtests that do
not require user interaction and that do not take a long
time to run. Dell recommends that you choose this option
first to increase the odds of tracing the source of the problem quickly. For a complete check of the system, select
the RUN ALL TESTS option. To check a particular area of
the system, select the RUN SPECIFIC TESTS option.
To select an option from this menu, highlight the option
and press <ENTER>, or press the key that corresponds to
the highlighted letter in the option you choose.
Dell Computer Corporation
PowerEdge 4100 Diagnostics Version X.XX
DIAGNOSTICS MENU
Run All Tests
RUn Quick Tests
RuN Specific Tests
Exit To MS-DOS
Figure 5-1. Diagnostics Menu
5-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
How to Use the System
Press the up- or down-arrow key to highlight a test
group.
Diagnostics
When you select RUN SPECIFIC TESTS from the Diagnostics Menu, the main screen of the diagnostics appears
(see Figure 5-2). The main screen lists the diagnostic test
groups, gives information about the configuration of the
computer system, and allows you to select categories
from a menu. From this screen, you can enter two other
types of screens.
•
On the right side of the screen, the System Configuration area lists the computer’s current hardware
settings.
•
On the lower-right side of the screen, the Hard-Disk
Drive Parameters area displays information about
any installed integrated drive electronics (IDE) harddisk drive(s). Because the system supports only
small computer system interface (SCSI) drives, both
DRIVE 0 and DRIVE 1 should display NONE rather than
any hard-disk drive parameters.
•
Two lines at the bottom of the screen make up the
menu area. The first line lists the categories you can
select; press the left- or right-arrow key to highlight
a menu category. The second line gives information
about the category currently highlighted.
Information on the main screen of the diagnostics is presented in the following five areas:
•
Two lines at the top of the screen identify the diagnostics and give its version number.
•
On the left side of the screen, the Test Group area
lists the diagnostic test groups in the order they will
run if you select ALL from the RUN menu category.
Dell Computer Corporation
PowerEdge 4100 Diagnostics Version X.XX
System Configuration
Available Test Groups
RAM
System Set
Video
Keyboard
Mouse
Diskette Drives
Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI)
Serial/Infrared Ports
Parallel Ports
SCSI Devices
Processor
Memory
Secondary Cache
Video
Keyboard
Diskette Drives
Serial Ports
Parallel Ports
Mouse
Modems
SCSI Devices
Network Interface
Serial IR Ports
Audio
0
1
2
3
Pentium Pro
64 MB
128 KB
SVGA,1024K
101 Key
A:1.4MB, B: None
2
1
PS/2 2-button
None
2
None
Integrated
None
IDE Drive Information
NONE
NONE
NONE
NONE
Main: Run Select Subtest Options Test Limits About Key-Help Quit Display the Run Menu.
Press Q to Quit
NOTE: The options displayed on the screen should reflect the hardware configuration of the computer system.
Figure 5-2. System Diagnostics Screen
Running the System Diagnostics
5-3
Confirming the System
Configuration Information
When you boot the system from the Dell Server Assistant
CD, the system diagnostics checks the system configuration information and displays it in the System
Configuration area on the main screen.
The following sources supply this configuration information for the system diagnostics:
•
The system configuration information settings
(stored in nonvolatile random-access memory
[NVRAM]) that you selected while using the System
Setup program
•
Identification tests of the microprocessor, the video
controller, the keyboard controller, and other key
components
•
Basic input/output system (BIOS) configuration
information temporarily saved in RAM
Do not be concerned if the System Configuration area
does not list the names of all the components or devices
you know are part of the computer system. For example,
you may not see a printer listed, although you know one
is attached to the computer. Instead, the printer is listed as
a parallel port. The computer recognizes the parallel port
as LPT1, which is an address that tells the computer
where to send outgoing information and where to look
for incoming information. Because the printer is a parallel communications device, the computer recognizes
the printer by its LPT1 address and identifies it as a parallel port.
How to Use the Menu
One of the menu categories is already highlighted. You
can move the highlight from one category to another by
pressing the left- or right-arrow key. As you move from
one menu category to another, a brief explanation of the
currently highlighted category appears on the bottom line
of the screen.
If you want more information about a test group or subtest, move the highlight to the ABOUT category and press
<ENTER>. After reading the information, press the <ESC>
key to return to the previous screen.
5-4
Main Menu Categories
Eight categories are listed in the Main menu of the diagnostics main screen: RUN, SELECT, SUBTEST, OPTIONS,
TEST LIMITS, ABOUT, KEY-HELP, and QUIT. (An additional
category, DISPLAY THE RUN MENU, returns you to the
Diagnostics Menu described earlier in this chapter.)
NOTE: Before running any test groups or subtests (by
selecting RUN), you should consider setting global parameters within the OPTIONS category. They offer you greater
control over how the test groups or subtests are run and how
their results are reported.
There are two ways to select a menu category:
•
Look on the screen to see which letter in the category
is capitalized, and type that letter (for example, type
r to select the RUN category).
•
Move the highlight to the category you wish to select
by pressing the left- or right-arrow key, and then
press <ENTER>.
Whenever one of the eight categories is selected, additional choices become available.
The following subsections explain the menu categories as
listed from left to right in the Main menu.
Run
RUN displays five categories: ONE, SELECTED, ALL, KEYHELP, and QUIT MENU. If you select ONE, all the subtests
within the highlighted test group are run. If you choose
only the selected test groups or the subtests
that you selected within the test groups are run. If you
select ALL, all of the subtests in all of the test groups are
run. (The test groups or subtests are run in the same order
as they are listed.)
SELECTED,
The KEY-HELP category displays a list of key controls
available for the particular category you have chosen.
The QUIT MENU category returns you to the Main menu.
Select
SELECT allows you to select individual test groups to tailor
the testing process to your particular needs. You can
choose one or more test groups and run them sequentially
or individually. When you choose SELECT, five categories
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
are displayed: ALL, ONE, CLEAR ALL, KEY-HELP, and QUIT
MENU.
To select all the test groups, press the <ENTER> key when
highlighted in the Select menu.
When you choose SELECT, five categories are displayed:
ALL, ONE, CLEAR ALL, KEY-HELP, and QUIT MENU.
To select an individual test group, highlight the test group
and press the <SPACEBAR> or highlight ONE and press
<ENTER>. Press the up- or down-arrow key to change the
highlighted test group.
To select all the subtests, press the <ENTER> key when
ALL is highlighted in the Select menu. To select an individual subtest, highlight the subtest and press the
<SPACEBAR> or highlight ONE and press <ENTER>. Press
the up- or down-arrow key to highlight a subtest to be
selected.
To reverse a test group selection, highlight the test group
and press the <SPACEBAR>. To clear all selections, select
CLEAR ALL.
To reverse a subtest selection, highlight the subtest and
press the <SPACEBAR>. To clear all selections, select
CLEAR ALL.
ALL is
The KEY-HELP category displays a list of key controls
available for the particular category you have chosen.
The QUIT MENU category returns you to the Main menu.
The KEY-HELP category displays a list of key controls
available. The QUIT MENU category returns you to the
previous menu.
Subtest
Options Under Subtest
Most of the test groups consist of several subtests. Use
the SUBTEST category to select individual subtests within
the test group(s).
The OPTIONS category in the Subtest menu functions the
same way as the OPTIONS category in the Main menu.
For information on this category, see “Options” found
later in this chapter.
When you select SUBTEST, many of the same categories
as those on the Main menu are displayed: RUN, SELECT,
OPTIONS, TEST LIMITS, ABOUT, KEY-HELP, and QUIT
MENU. Each of these categories is explained in the following subsections.
Run Under Subtest
Test Limits Under Subtest
The TEST LIMITS category in the Subtest menu functions
the same way as the TEST LIMITS category in the Main
menu. For information on this category, see “Test Limits”
found later in this chapter.
RUN in the Subtest menu displays five categories: ONE,
SELECTED, ALL, KEY-HELP, and QUIT MENU. If you select
ONE, only the highlighted subtest is run. If you select
SELECTED, only the selected subtests are run. If you
select ALL, all of the subtests listed on the screen are run.
About Under Subtest
(The subtests are run in the same order as they are listed.)
Key-Help Under Subtest
The KEY-HELP category displays a list of key controls
available. The QUIT MENU category returns you to the previous menu.
The KEY-HELP category in the Subtest menu displays a
list of key controls available.
Select Under Subtest
in the Subtest menu allows you to select individual subtests to tailor the testing process to your particular
needs. You can choose one or more subtests from the list.
SELECT
The ABOUT category in the Subtest menu displays information about the highlighted subtest.
Quit Menu Under Subtest
The QUIT MENU category in the Subtest menu returns you to
the Main menu.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-5
.
Table 5-1. Option Parameters
Option Limit
Possible Values
NUMBER OF TIMES TO REPEAT TEST(S)
0001 through 9999, or 0000, which loops indefinitely until you press the
<CTRL> and <BREAK> keys. The default is 1.
MAXIMUM ERRORS ALLOWED
0000
PAUSE FOR USER RESPONSE
YES, NO
through 9999, where 0000 means that there is no error limit.
The default is 1.
Allows you to decide whether tests will wait for user input.
The default is YES to wait for user input.
OUTPUT DEVICE FOR STATUS MESSAGES
DISPLAY, PRINTER, FILE
If you have a printer attached to the computer, you can use it to print
the status messages, if any, that are generated when a test runs. (The
printer must be turned on and in the online mode to print.) If you select
FILE, the messages are printed to a file named result in diskette drive
A. The default is DISPLAY.
OUTPUT DEVICE FOR ERROR MESSAGES
DISPLAY, PRINTER, FILE
This parameter has the same effect as the OUTPUT DEVICE FOR STATUS
MESSAGES parameter, except that it pertains only to error messages.
The default is DISPLAY.
Options
Table 5-1 lists all of the possible values for each global
parameter of OPTIONS. A brief description of each parameter follows the table. To change OPTIONS parameters,
press the <SPACEBAR>, the left- and right-arrow keys, or
the plus (+) and minus (–) keys.
limit on the number of errors that can occur—testing will
not be stopped, regardless of the number of errors.
Number of Times to Repeat Test(s)
This parameter specifies the number of times the tests run
when you select RUN. To change the default, type in the
desired value. If you type 0 (zero), the tests will run
indefinitely.
Maximum Errors Allowed
This parameter specifies the maximum number of errors
that can occur before testing is stopped. The error count
begins from zero each time you run a subtest or test
group individually or each time you select ALL to run all
of them. To change the default, type in the desired value.
If you type 0 (zero), you are specifying that there be no
5-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Pause for User Response
Output Device for Error Messages
If this parameter value is set to YES, the diagnostics
pauses when one of the following occurs:
Ordinarily, all error messages appear only on the screen.
This parameter allows you to direct error messages to
either a printer or a file, in addition to the screen. If you
choose the FILE option, error messages are written to the
result file used for status messages. This file is automatically created on a diskette in drive A when you run the
diagnostics. If the result file already exists on the diskette, then new error messages are added to it.
•
Your interaction is needed to verify the Video Test
Group screens or the Keyboard Test Group key functions or other types of interaction such as inserting a
diskette.
•
The maximum error limit is reached.
If the PAUSE parameter is set to NO, the diagnostics
ignores some subtests that require your interaction; certain subtests can run only if this option is set to YES
because they require user interaction. Use the PAUSE
parameter in situations where you may want to prevent
subtests that require user interaction from running—such
as when you run the diagnostics overnight.
Output Device for Status Messages
Ordinarily, all status messages appear only on the screen.
This parameter allows you to direct status messages to
either a printer or a file, in addition to the screen. If you
choose the FILE option, status messages are written to a
file named result. This file is automatically created on a
diskette in drive A when you run the diagnostics. If the
result file already exists on the diskette, then new status
messages are added to it.
The result file is an ordinary ASCII text file. You can
access and review the result file with the MS-DOS type
command as described in the previous subsection, “Output Device for Status Messages.”
After running particular diagnostic tests and viewing the
error messages generated by the tests in the result file,
you can erase the contents of the file so that it is clear for
the next set of messages generated. Otherwise, the next
messages are added at the end of the previous ones in the
file.
The result file is an ordinary American Standard Code
for Information Interchange (ASCII) text file. You can
access the result file with the MS-DOS® type command
as follows:
1.
Select QUIT to exit the diagnostics and return to
the operating system prompt.
2.
At the operating system prompt, type the appropriate command and press <ENTER>:
type result
The contents of the file appear on the screen.
After running particular diagnostic tests and viewing the
status messages generated by the tests in the result file,
you can erase the contents of the file so that it is clear for
the next set of messages generated. Otherwise, the next
messages are added at the end of the previous ones in the
file.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-7
Test Limits
NOTE: The diagnostics program sets default limits on all
tests. The only reason to change the default would be to
limit the amount of testing done.
The RAM Test Group, the Video Test Group, the Diskette
Drives Test Group, the Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI)
Test Group, the Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group, the Parallel Ports Test Group, and the SCSI Devices Test Group
allow you to designate limits. Whether you select TEST
LIMITS for a highlighted test group (from the Main menu)
or a subtest (from the Subtest menu), you set the limits
for all the subtests in that test group. When you select
TEST LIMITS, a new screen appears and the Key Help area
lists keys to use with the new screen.
How you change a value for the limits of a test group or
subtest depends on the type of parameter associated with
it. Different keys are used to change values for different
types of parameters. For example, memory address limits
specified for the RAM Test Group are changed by typing
in numbers over the digits of a given limit or by pressing
the plus (+) or minus (–) keys to increase or decrease the
given limit. In contrast, to set limits for the Serial/Infrared
Ports Test Group, you use the <SPACEBAR> to toggle
between YES and NO.
After you are satisfied with the limits, return to the main
screen of the diagnostics by pressing the <ESC> key. The
values you selected under TEST LIMITS remain in effect
during all the test groups or subtests you run, unless you
change them. However, the values are reset to their
defaults when you restart the diagnostics.
About
in the Main menu lists all of the subtests for the
selected test group and displays information about the
subtest that is highlighted.
ABOUT
Key-Help
always displays a list of key controls available
for the particular category you have selected.
KEY-HELP
5-8
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Quit
Selecting QUIT from the Main menu exits the diagnostics
and returns you to your operating system environment.
CAUTION: It is important that you quit the diagnostics program correctly because the program
writes data to the computer’s memory that can
cause problems unless properly cleared.
Tests in the System Diagnostics
To troubleshoot components or devices, run the appropriate test (test group or subtest) in the diagnostics. The
diagnostics exercises the functional components and
devices of the computer system more vigorously and
thoroughly than they are exercised during normal operation. The diagnostics is organized by components into
test groups and subtests within each test group. Each subtest is designed to detect any errors that may interfere
with the normal operation of a specific device of the
computer.
NOTE: Some subtests requiring hardware not listed in
the System Configuration area of the diagnostics screen
appear to run, but they conclude with a status message
stating Component not present (or disabled).
Table 5-2 lists the diagnostic test groups, their subtests,
and comments concerning their use.
Table 5-2. System Diagnostics Tests
Test
Groups
Subtests
Description
RAM
Quick Memory Test
Comprehensive Memory Test
Cache Memory Test
Tests the system RAM and processor cache.
System Set
CMOS Confidence Test
CMEM Confidence Test
DMA Controller Test
Real-Time Clock Test
System Timers Test
Interrupt Controller Test
Reset Button Test
System Speaker Test
Tests the system board’s support chips, DMA controller, computer timer, NVRAM, speaker controller,
cache, and EISA configuration RAM chip, as appropriate.
Coprocessor Calculation Test
Coprocessor Duty Cycle Test
Coprocessor Error Exception Test
Tests the math coprocessor that is internal to the
microprocessor.
Multiprocessor Test
For systems with multiprocessors, confirms that the
secondary microprocessor is operational.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-9
Table 5-2. System Diagnostics Tests (Continued)
Test
Groups
Subtests
Description
Video
Video Memory Test
Video Hardware Test
Text Mode Character Test
Text Mode Color Test
Text Mode Pages Test
Graphics Mode Test
Color Palettes Test
Solid Colors Test
Tests the video subsystem and monitor by checking
various aspects of video output.
Keyboard
Keyboard Controller Test
Keyboard Key Sequence Test
Keyboard Interactive Test
Stuck Key Test
External Key Pad Test
Tests the keyboard by checking the keyboard controller and by finding keys that stick or respond incorrectly.
Mouse
Mouse
Tests the electronic pointing device (bus mouse, serial
mouse, trackball, or PS/2 mouse).
Diskette
Drives
Change Line Test
Seek Test
Read Test
Write Test
Tests a drive that uses removable diskettes. Also tests
the associated interface.
Hard-Disk
Drives
(Non-SCSI)
Disk Controller Test
Forced Error-Correction-Code Test
Seek Test
Read Test
Write Test
Tests drives that use fixed, internal disks. Also tests
the associated interface.
Serial/
Infrared
Ports
Serial/Infrared Baud Rate Test
Serial/Infrared Interrupt Test
Serial/Infrared Internal Transmission Test
Serial External Transmission Test
Tests the components through which peripherals that
use the serial or infrared ports, such as printers and
communications devices, send and receive data.
Parallel
Ports
Parallel Internal Test
Parallel External Loopback Test
Parallel External Interrupt Test
Parallel Printer Pattern Test
Tests the components through which peripherals that
use the parallel port, such as printers and communications devices, send and receive data.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
5-10
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 5-2. System Diagnostics Tests (Continued)
Test
Groups
SCSI
Devices
Subtests
Description
Internal Diagnostic
Seek Test
Read Test
Write Test
Audio Output Test
Eject Removable Media
Display Information
Tests SCSI host adapters and all the SCSI devices
attached to them. Also can be used to remove CDs and
tape cartridges from SCSI devices and to display
information about the types of SCSI devices installed
and the resources allocated to them.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Error Messages
When you run a test group or subtest in the diagnostics,
error messages may result. These particular error messages are not covered in this chapter because the errors
that generate these messages can be resolved only with
Dell technical assistance. Record the messages on a copy
of the Diagnostics Checklist found in Appendix A, and
see Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on
obtaining technical assistance and informing the support
technician of these messages.
This subtest checks all available RAM. The Comprehensive Memory Test also performs an address check, as
well as the following:
•
Data pattern checks, to look for RAM bits that are
stuck high or low, short-circuited data lines, and
some data pattern problems that are internal to the
memory chips
•
A parity check that verifies the ability of the memory
subsystem to detect errors
•
A refresh check, to verify that the dynamic RAM
(DRAM) is being recharged properly
RAM Test Group
The Cache Memory Test confirms the functionality of the
computer’s cache controller chip and the cache memory.
The RAM Test Group subtests check all the directly
addressable RAM.
Why Run a RAM Test?
Subtests
Three subtests are available for RAM: the Quick Memory Test, the Comprehensive Memory Test, and the
Cache Memory Test. The Quick Memory Test performs
an address check to determine whether the computer is
properly setting and clearing individual bits in RAM and
whether the RAM read and write operations are affecting
more than one memory address location at one time.
Faulty memory can cause a variety of problems that may
not, at first glance, appear to be happening in RAM. If the
computer is displaying one or more of the following
symptoms, run the subtests in the RAM Test Group to
verify that the memory is not at fault:
•
A program is not running as usual, or a proven piece
of software appears to malfunction and you
confirm that the software itself is not at fault. (You
can confirm that the software is functioning properly
by moving it to another computer and running it
there.)
Running the System Diagnostics
5-11
•
•
•
The computer periodically locks up (becomes unusable and must be rebooted), especially at different
places and times in different programs.
•
You get parity errors (any error message that contains the word parity) at any time during operation.
These errors are usually accompanied by a reference
to an address—the location of the portion of memory
where the error occurred—which you should record
on a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist found in
Appendix A.
•
Confirms the functionality and accuracy of the computer’s real-time clock (RTC).
•
•
•
•
•
System Speaker Test
Checks the functionality of the speaker by generating eight tones.
•
Coprocessor Calculation Test
Checks the use of different types of numbers and the
math coprocessor’s ability to calculate correctly.
•
Coprocessor Duty Cycle Test
Tests the math coprocessor’s ability to perform complex mathematical operations.
CMOS Confidence Test
Checks the NVRAM for accessibility and reliability
of data storage by performing a data pattern check
and verifying the uniqueness of memory addresses.
Reset Button Test
Confirms that the reset button works.
Subtests
The subtests that constitute the System Set Test Group
and the computer functions they confirm follow:
Interrupt Controller Test
Generates an interrupt on each interrupt request
(IRQ) line to verify that devices using that line can
communicate with the microprocessor and that the
interrupt controllers send the correct memory
addresses to the microprocessor.
•
The subtests in the System Set Test Group check the
computer’s basic system board components and verify
their related functions.
System Timers Test
Checks the timers used by the microprocessor for
event counting, frequency generation, and other
functions. Only the functions that can be activated
by software are tested.
You receive the Memory ECC fault
detected message from the Dell Hardware Instrumentation Package (HIP) server management
program. See Chapter 3, “Messages and Codes,” for
more information on this program.
System Set Test Group
Real-Time Clock Test
•
Coprocessor Error Exception Test
Verifies the math coprocessor’s ability to handle
errors and to send IRQs to the microprocessor.
CMEM Confidence Test
Verifies the accessibility and reliability of the RAM
on the Extended Industry-Standard Architecture
(EISA) Configuration RAM chip, which stores the
EISA hardware configuration information. On systems without flash RAM, performs a data pattern
and address uniqueness test.
•
DMA Controller Test
The System Set subtests double-check many system
board components, such as the computer’s input/output
(I/O) circuitry, that are tested by other test groups or subtests in the diagnostics. You should run the System Set
Test Group if you are having a problem and cannot isolate the failure or malfunction to a particular system
board component.
Tests the direct memory access (DMA) controller
and verifies the correct operation of its page and
channel registers by writing patterns to the registers.
5-12
Multiprocessor Test
For systems with multiprocessors, confirms that the
secondary microprocessor is operational.
Why Run a System Set Test?
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
The System Set Test Group also verifies the proper operation of other computer components, such as the speaker,
that are not tested elsewhere in the diagnostics.
The following symptoms usually suggest a problem with
a component or subassembly that warrants running a System Set subtest:
•
A program is not running as usual, or a proven piece
of software appears to malfunction and you confirm
that the software itself is not at fault. (You can confirm that the software is functioning properly by
moving it to another computer and running it there.)
•
An option card you previously accessed can no
longer be accessed.
•
You get parity errors or page fault failures (any error
message that contains the word parity or page fault) at
any time during operation. These errors are usually
accompanied by a reference to an address, which
you should record on a copy of the Diagnostics
Checklist found in Appendix A.
•
Correcting errors in the system configuration information in the System Setup program does not
resolve a problem.
•
•
The computer’s clock/calendar stops.
The speaker no longer functions. The problem could
be a failure of the system timers as well as a failure
of the speaker itself. Run the System Timers Test,
followed by the System Speaker Test.
•
If a peripheral device appears to malfunction, run the
Interrupt Controllers Test.
•
A spreadsheet program or other type of mathematical application runs abnormally slow, generates
error messages concerning calculations or operations, runs incorrectly, or generates incorrect results,
or a proven piece of the program appears to malfunction and you confirm that the software itself is
not at fault. (You can confirm that the software is not
at fault by moving the program to another computer
and running it there.)
•
The computer periodically locks up, especially at
different places and times in different programs.
•
The computer halts in the middle of performing calculations or complex mathematical operations.
Video Test Group
The subtests in the Video Test Group verify the proper
operation of the video controller and the video control
circuitry installed in the computer. These subtests check
for the correct operation of the readable registers in the
video circuitry and the controller. They write, read, and
verify data patterns in the cursor registers of the controller. The Video Test Group also tests all the video memory
and provides additional subtests to test the color features
of a color monitor.
Subtests
The eight subtests in the Video Test Group and the video
functions they confirm follow:
•
Video Memory Test
Checks the read/write capability of video memory in
various video modes.
•
Video Hardware Test
Checks the cursor registers and the horizontal and
vertical retrace bit registers in the video controller.
•
Text Mode Character Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present data
in text modes.
•
Text Mode Color Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present color
in text modes.
•
Text Mode Pages Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to map and
present all available video pages on the screen, one
page at a time.
•
Graphics Mode Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present data
and color in graphics modes.
•
Color Palettes Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to display all of
the available colors.
•
Solid Colors Test
Checks the video subsystem’s ability to show
screens full of solid colors. Allows you to check for
missing color subpixels.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-13
Many of these tests display characters or graphics on the
screen for you to verify. Samples of these screens are
shown in Appendix B, “Diagnostic Video Tests.”
NOTE: The default limit for testing super video graphics
array (SVGA) modes is NO. If you are testing an external
monitor, change the default to YES.
Subtests
The five keyboard subtests and the keyboard functions
they confirm follow:
•
Confirms the ability of the keyboard controller chip
to communicate with the keyboard and the programming of the controller chip
Why Run a Video Test?
Many of the symptoms that would prompt you to run a
subtest in the Video Test Group are obvious, because the
monitor is the visual component of the computer system.
Before you run the Video Test Group or any of its subtests, you should make sure that the problem is not in the
software or caused by a hardware change. You should
also try running all of the software support utilities provided for the monitor and the video subsystem.
If the following symptoms still occur, run the appropriate
test(s) as follows:
•
If the monitor shows a partially formed or distorted
image, run all of the subtests in the Video Test
Group.
•
If the alignment of text or images is off, regardless of
the program you are running, run the Text Mode
Character Test, Text Mode Pages Test, and Graphics
Mode Test.
•
If you have a color monitor or a program that runs in
color, but the color is intermittent or not displayed at
all, run the Text Mode Color Test, Color Palettes
Test, and Solid Color Test.
•
If the monitor malfunctions in one mode but works
fine in another (for example, text is displayed correctly, but graphics are not), run the Text Mode
Character Test, Text Mode Color Test, Text Mode
Pages Test, and Graphics Mode Test.
Keyboard Test Group
The subtests in the Keyboard Test Group verify the correct operation of the keyboard and the keyboard
controller chip.
5-14
Keyboard Controller Test
•
Keyboard Key Sequence Test
Verifies that the keys on the keyboard function correctly when you press the keys in a predefined order
•
Keyboard Interactive Test
Checks the internal microcode of the keyboard and
the external interface of the keyboard controller chip
for a malfunctioning key
•
Stuck Key Test
Checks the internal microcode of the keyboard and
the external interface of the keyboard controller chip
for a repeating-key signal
•
External Key Pad Test
Checks the contact beneath the key for an electrical
impulse to ensure that the key is working properly
Why Run a Keyboard Test?
Keyboard problems are not always caused by the
keyboard. For example, a complete lockup of the computer system, rendering the keyboard inoperable, is more
likely caused elsewhere. There are three symptoms that
are likely to be keyboard-related. Sometimes, the configuration of a program changes the function of a key or key
combination. Likewise, key configuration programs can
change a key’s function. Because these programs are
memory resident, you should be sure to clear them out of
the computer’s memory before running a subtest in the
Keyboard Test Group. (Clear them from memory by
rebooting the computer from the Dell Server Assistant
CD.) When these possibilities have been eliminated, and
if the following symptoms occur, you should run one or
more of the subtests in the Keyboard Test Group:
•
When you press a key, the character represented by
that key appears repeatedly; the key seems to be
stuck. Run the Stuck Key Test.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
•
•
When you press a key and the response is different
from the usual response or the response you anticipated, the key contact may be damaged. Run the
Keyboard Interactive Test.
When a key does not work at all, run all of the subtests in the Keyboard Test Group.
Diskette Drives Test Group
The subtests in the Diskette Drives Test Group allow you
to test both 5.25-inch and 3.5-inch diskette drives of all
capacities.
Subtests
Mouse Test
The Mouse Test checks the functionality of the mouse
controller (which coordinates cursor movement on the
screen with corresponding movement of the mouse or
touch pad) and the operation of the mouse keys/touch
pad.
The four diskette drive subtests in the Diskette Drives
Test Group and the drive functions they confirm follow:
•
Checks for bent pins on the diskette drive controller
and for defective lines on the diskette cable
•
•
•
When you press a mouse button or the touch pad, the
function of the button (or touch pad) continues; that
is, the button (or touch pad) seems to be stuck.
•
If the response when you press a mouse button or the
touch pad is different from the usual or anticipated
response, the button (or touch pad) contact may be
damaged.
•
A mouse button or the touch pad does not work at
all.
•
The cursor does not respond on the screen in accordance with the movements you make with the mouse
or touch pad.
Read Test
Positions the read/write heads at each cylinder of the
diskette for reading data and verifies that all tracks
on the diskette can be read correctly
Why Run the Mouse Test?
Mouse or touch pad problems are as likely to originate in
RAM as they are to be caused by a faulty mouse or touch
pad. Three sources of RAM-related problems include the
configuration of a program (which changes the function
of the mouse or touch pad), memory-resident programs,
and failure of a device driver (the software that controls
the function of the mouse or touch pad). If these possibilities have been eliminated and the following symptoms
persist, run the Mouse Test:
Seek Test
Checks the drive’s ability to search for a specified
track on the diskette and to position its read/write
heads to all tracks
Subtests
There are no subtests for the Mouse Test Group.
Change Line Test
•
Write Test
Positions the read/write heads at each cylinder of the
diskette and verifies that all tracks on the diskette
can be written to correctly
Why Run a Diskette Drives Test?
Very often, a diskette drive problem may first appear to
be a diskette problem. A box of defective diskettes might
produce faulty-drive error messages. The test results can
be confusing, so Dell suggests running the subtests in the
Diskette Drives Test Group more than once using diskettes from different sources.
Another possible cause of diskette drive problems is
human error—typing a command in an incorrect form
(usually called a syntax error). Be sure you have entered
the command in the proper form.
When the diskette(s) and command syntax are eliminated
as causes, the following symptoms usually suggest a
drive problem and warrant running a subtest in the Diskette Drives Test Group:
•
An error message appears on the screen stating that
the computer cannot read from or write to a diskette.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-15
•
A diskette cannot be properly formatted, or format
error messages appear on the screen.
•
Data on diskettes is corrupted or lost; these problems
may be intermittent.
H
ard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI) Test
Group
The subtests in the Hard-Disk Drives (Non-SCSI) Test
Group check the functionality of up to two hard-disk
drives of any capacity. The subtests check the storage
capability of a drive as well as the hard-disk drive controller (which affects the ability to read from and write to
the drive). The subtests are for all hard-disk drive types
except for SCSI drives.
NOTE: Because the Dell PowerEdge 4100 system supports only SCSI hard-disk drives, use the SCSI Devices
Test Group (described in “SCSI Devices Test Group”
found later in this chapter) to test any hard-disk drive
installed in the computer.
Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group
The subtests in the Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group
check the computer’s interface with external devices,
such as a printer and a mouse, that are connected to the
computer through a serial or infrared port. The subtests in
this test group are not intended as a diagnostic test for the
actual peripheral attached to each port.
NOTES: With certain modems installed, the subtests in
the Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group may fail because the
modem appears to the diagnostics as a serial or infrared
port, but it cannot be tested as a serial or infrared port. If
a modem is installed and one of the subtests in the Serial/
Infrared Ports Test Group fails, remove the modem and
run the diagnostic tests again.
If an external loopback connector is not attached to a
serial or infrared port, the Serial External Transmission
Test will fail for that port and the results of this test
should therefore be ignored. An external modem connected to the port does not substitute for an external
loopback connector.
5-16
Subtests
The four subtests in the Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group
and the port functions they confirm follow:
•
Serial/Infrared Baud Rate Test
Checks the baud rate generator in each serial communications chip against the computer’s clock
•
Serial/Infrared Interrupt Test
Checks the serial port’s ability to send IRQs to the
microprocessor
•
Serial/Infrared Internal Transmission Test
Checks several internal functions of the serial port
using the internal loopback mode of the serial communications chip
•
Serial External Transmission Test
If a loopback device is attached, checks the line control bits of the serial port and sends a test pattern at
several baud rates, checking the returned values
Why Run a Serial/Infrared Ports Test?
If the diagnostics does not recognize the computer’s
serial or infrared ports, enter the System Setup program
and check the SERIAL/INFRARED PORT category to see
whether the port has been disabled. The subtests in the
Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group cannot test a port unless
it is enabled.
When a port is faulty, it may not be immediately evident
that the port, and not the device connected to the port, is
faulty. Instead, the peripheral (such as a printer or mouse)
might behave erratically or not operate at all. If the external device is not properly installed through the
software, it also may not function properly. Try operating
the peripheral from different programs or through the
operating system. If it still does not work, you can eliminate the software configuration as the cause of the
problem.
Another possible cause for errors is the external device.
Use the documentation that came with the peripheral to
troubleshoot it and confirm that it is working properly.
(Most printers have a self-test.)
After you eliminate incorrect system configuration
information settings, peripheral malfunctions, and software errors as potential causes of port problems, you can
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
run the subtests in the Serial/Infrared Ports Test Group to
check the hardware. Although the following symptoms
can be caused by faulty peripherals or software errors,
they might also suggest a port problem:
•
•
If a peripheral works intermittently or produces
intermittent errors, the port may be faulty.
•
•
If the computer displays an error message that is
related to the external device connected to a port, but
corrections to the device do not resolve the error, run
the appropriate subtest in the Serial/Infrared Ports
Test Group.
•
If the software and the diagnostics do not recognize
that you have a serial or infrared port, you should
check the SERIAL/INFRARED PORT category in the
System Setup program, and if necessary, run the
appropriate subtest in the Serial/Infrared Ports Test
Group.
Parallel Ports Test Group
The subtests in the Parallel Ports Test Group check the
computer’s interface with external devices, such as a
printer, that are connected to the computer through a parallel port. The subtests in this test group are not intended
as a diagnostic test for the actual peripheral attached to
each port. (The only exception is a printer, as described in
the Parallel Internal Test.)
NOTE: If an external loopback connector is not attached
to the parallel port, the Parallel External Loopback Test
will fail for that port and the results of this test should
therefore be ignored.
Subtests
The four subtests in the Parallel Ports Test Group and the
port functions they confirm follow:
•
Parallel Internal Test
Checks several internal functions of the parallel port
•
Parallel External Loopback Test
Tests the functionality of the control lines through an
external loopback connector, if an external loopback
connector is available
Parallel External Interrupt Test
Tests the parallel port’s ability to generate interrupts
from all possible sources, if an external loopback
connector or printer is available
Parallel Printer Pattern Test
Tests a printer and tests the parallel port’s ability to
send a pattern to the printer, if connected
Why Run a Parallel Ports Test?
If the diagnostics does not recognize the computer’s parallel port, enter the System Setup program and check the
PARALLEL PORT category to see if the port has been disabled. The subtests in the Parallel Ports Test Group
cannot test a port unless it is enabled.
When a port is faulty, it may not be immediately evident
that the port, and not the device connected to the port, is
faulty. Instead, the peripheral (such as a printer) might
behave erratically or not operate at all. If the external
device is not properly installed through the software, it
also may not function properly. Try operating the peripheral from different programs or through the operating
system. If it still does not work, you can eliminate the
software setup as the cause of the problem.
Another possible cause for errors is the external device.
Use the documentation that came with the peripheral to
troubleshoot it and confirm that it is working properly.
(Most printers have a self-test.)
After you eliminate incorrect system configuration information settings, peripheral malfunctions, and software
errors as potential causes of port problems, you can run
the subtests in the Parallel Ports Test Group to check the
hardware. Although the following symptoms can be
caused by faulty peripherals or software errors, they
might also suggest a port problem:
•
If a peripheral works intermittently or produces
intermittent errors, the port may be faulty.
•
If the computer displays an error message that is
related to the external device connected to a port, but
corrections to the device do not resolve the error, run
the appropriate subtest in the Parallel Ports Test
Group.
Running the System Diagnostics
5-17
•
If the software and the diagnostics do not recognize
that you have a parallel port, you should check the
PARALLEL PORT category in the System Setup program, and if necessary, run the appropriate subtest in
the Parallel Ports Test Group.
SCSI Devices Test Group
The subtests in the SCSI Devices Test Group check the
functionality of up to four SCSI host adapters and all the
SCSI devices attached to them.
•
Causes the CD-ROM drive to begin playing the first
audio track on an audio CD. To determine whether
the test passed, listen to the audio output of the drive.
NOTE: To conduct the Audio Output Test, you must
select it individually. It will not run as part of the test
group.
•
Subtests
The seven subtests in the SCSI Devices Test Group and
the drive functions they confirm follow:
•
Internal Diagnostic
Causes the device to run its internal self-test.
•
Seek Test
Checks the device’s ability to search for a specified
track on the device and to position its read/write
heads to all tracks.
•
•
Eject Removable Media
Causes a CD-ROM drive to eject its CD or a SCSI
tape drive to eject its tape cartridge.
•
NOTES: Before conducting these subtests on CD-ROM
drives, insert a CD with audio and data tracks (such as a
multimedia CD) into each CD-ROM drive. All of the subtests, except for the Audio Output Test, require a CD with data
tracks. The Audio Output Test requires a CD with audio tracks.
If a CD-ROM drive is empty or if it contains a CD that
does not have the required data or audio tracks (depending on the subtest[s] being conducted), the subtest(s) will
fail.
Audio Output Test
Display Information
Displays a screen of information about each SCSI
host adapter in the computer, the resources allocated
to each SCSI host adapter, and a list of target devices
attached to the SCSI host adapter.
Why Run a SCSI Devices Test?
If you check the SCSI hard-disk drive to determine the
amount of available space, the operating system will probably report problem areas. Problem areas on hard-disk
drives are common, because most hard-disk drives have a
small amount of space that is not usable. The hard-disk
drive keeps a record of this space so that the computer will
not attempt to use it. Identification of unusable disk space,
unless it is an unusually large amount (over five percent of
the possible total), should not be regarded as a cause for
testing the hard-disk drive.
These are the most common symptoms that might prompt
you to test a SCSI device:
•
•
A SCSI hard-disk drive fails during the boot routine.
Positions the read/write heads at each block of the
device for reading data and verifies that all tracks on
the device can be read correctly.
•
An error message appears on the screen stating that
the computer cannot read from or write to a SCSI
device.
Write Test
•
Data on a SCSI device is corrupted or lost; this problem may be intermittent. Once saved by a program,
files cannot be properly recalled.
Read Test
Positions the read/write heads at each block of the
device and verifies that all tracks on the device can
be written to correctly.
5-18
Seek errors are reported by the operating system or
application programs.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 6
Checking the Equipment
T
his chapter provides troubleshooting procedures for
equipment that connects directly to the input/output (I/O)
panel of the computer, such as the monitor, keyboard,
mouse, or printer. Before performing any of the procedures in this chapter, see “Checking Connections and
Switches” in Chapter 2. Then perform the troubleshooting procedures for the equipment that is malfunctioning.
You need the following items to perform the procedures
in this chapter:
•
•
•
image, including the horizontal and vertical position and size.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Does the monitor display text properly?
The Dell Server Assistant CD
Yes. Go to step 5.
A blank, formatted diskette
The system documentation
NOTE: When you see the question, “Is the problem
resolved?” in a troubleshooting procedure, perform the
operation that caused the problem.
Troubleshooting the Monitor
No. Go to step 4.
4.
Type g and press the down-arrow key four times.
Then press the plus (+) key to send all error messages to a printer. To send the error messages to a
file named results on a diskette, insert a blank diskette into drive A, then press the plus (+) key
twice to send the error messages to the file.
5.
Run the Video Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
Troubleshooting video problems involves determining
which of the following is the source of the problem:
•
•
•
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Most of the tests in the Video Test Group require you
to respond before the diagnostics continues with the
next test.
Monitor and monitor interface cable
Video memory
Do the tests complete successfully?
Video logic of the computer or a video expansion
card
If information on the monitor screen is displayed incorrectly or not at all, complete the following steps to
determine the problem:
1.
Turn on the system, including any attached
peripherals.
2.
Adjust the switches and controls as specified in
the monitor’s documentation to correct the video
Run the system diagnostics software.
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 6.
6.
Turn off the system and disconnect it from alternating current (AC) power. Swap the monitor
with one of the same type that is working, and
reconnect the system to AC power.
Checking the Equipment
6-1
7.
Run the Video Test Group in the system diagnostics again.
3.
Do the tests complete successfully?
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Yes. The monitor must be replaced. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Can you use the keyboard to select the Keyboard
Test Group?
No. If a video expansion card is installed in the computer, see “Troubleshooting Expansion Cards” in
Chapter 7. If no video expansion card is installed, the
built-in video controller is faulty. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting the Keyboard
Yes. Go to step 4.
No. Go to step 5.
4.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Swap the faulty keyboard with a working
keyboard.
6.
Does the Keyboard Controller Test complete
successfully?
Yes. Go to step 3.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Yes. The keyboard must be replaced. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
No. The keyboard controller on the system board is
faulty. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Look at the keyboard and the keyboard cable for
any signs of damage. Press and release each key
on the keyboard.
Do the keyboard and its cable appear to be free of
physical damage, and do the keys work?
Swap the faulty keyboard with a working
keyboard.
To swap a faulty keyboard, unplug the keyboard
cable from the computer’s back panel and plug in a
working keyboard.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The keyboard must be replaced. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
No. Go to step 3.
Troubleshooting I/O Ports
This section provides a procedure for troubleshooting the
ports on the computer’s I/O panel and the equipment connected to them, such as a printer, scanner, or other
peripheral device.
You can also use this procedure to test I/O ports on
expansion cards. However, you should first complete the
procedures in “Troubleshooting Expansion Cards” in
Chapter 7 to verify that the card is configured and
installed correctly.
If a system error message indicates a port problem or
if equipment connected to a port seems to perform
incorrectly or not at all, the source of the problem may be
any of the following:
•
6-2
Does the Keyboard Interactive Test complete
successfully?
Yes. Go to step 6.
This procedure determines what kind of keyboard problem you have. If a system error message indicates a
keyboard problem when you start up the computer system or while the system diagnostics is running, complete
the following steps:
1.
Run the Keyboard Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
A faulty connection between the I/O port and the
peripheral device
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
•
A faulty cable between the I/O port and the peripheral device
•
•
•
•
A faulty peripheral device
See “Installing and Configuring Software” in Chapter 4.
Incorrect settings in the System Setup program
Are the port configuration commands correct?
Incorrect settings in the system’s configuration files
Yes. Go to step 5.
Faulty I/O port logic on the system board
No. Go to step 4.
NOTE: With certain modems installed, subtests in the
Serial Port Test Group may fail because the modem
appears to the diagnostics as a serial port, but it cannot
be tested as a serial port. If you have a modem installed
and you experience a serial-port test failure, remove the
modem and run the diagnostic tests again.
3.
4.
Check the contents of the start-up files.
Change the necessary statements in the start-up
files.
If the port problem is confined to a particular application program, see the application program’s
documentation for specific port configuration
requirements.
Troubleshooting the Basic I/O
Functions
Is the problem resolved?
This procedure determines whether the computer’s basic
I/O functions are operational. If a system error message
indicates an I/O port problem or the device connected to
the port does not function properly, follow these steps:
No. Go to step 5.
1.
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
5.
Enter the System Setup program, and check the
settings for the SERIAL PORT 1, SERIAL PORT 2,
PARALLEL PORT, and MOUSE categories.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
The Serial Port Test Group and the Parallel Port Test
Group test the basic functions of the system board’s
I/O port logic. Also, if a parallel printer is connected
to the parallel port, the Parallel Port Test Group tests
the communications link between the system board’s
I/O port logic and the printer.
Are the communications port categories set to AUTO,
and is the MOUSE category set to ENABLED?
Yes. Go to step 3.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
Change the setting for the SERIAL PORT 1, SERIAL
and PARALLEL PORT categories to AUTO,
and change the setting for the MOUSE category to
ENABLED; then reboot the system.
Do the tests complete successfully?
PORT 2,
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 3.
Reboot the system from the Dell Server Assistant
CD, and run the Serial Port Test Group and/or
the Parallel Port Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
6.
If the problem persists, go to “Troubleshooting a
Parallel Printer” or “Troubleshooting a Serial
I/O Device” found later in this chapter, depending
on which device appears to be malfunctioning.
Checking the Equipment
6-3
Troubleshooting a Parallel Printer
2.
If the procedure in the preceding subsection, “Troubleshooting the Basic I/O Functions,” indicates that the
problem is with a parallel printer, follow these steps:
Disconnect the devices from serial ports 1 and 2,
and connect the malfunctioning serial device to
the opposite port.
3.
Turn on the computer and the reconnected serial
device.
1.
Turn off the parallel printer and computer.
2.
Swap the parallel-printer interface cable with a
known working cable.
3.
Turn on the parallel printer and computer.
Yes. The serial port may be defective. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
4.
Attempt a print operation on the parallel printer.
No. Go to step 4.
5.
Is the problem resolved?
Does the print operation complete successfully?
4.
Yes. The interface cable must be replaced. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
Turn off the computer and the serial device, and
swap the interface cable (that connects the device
to the serial port) with a known working cable.
5.
Turn on the computer and the serial device.
No. Go to step 5.
Is the problem resolved?
Run the parallel printer’s self-test.
Yes. The interface cable must be replaced. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
Does the self-test complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. The printer is probably defective. If the printer
was purchased from Dell, see Chapter 11, “Getting
Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical
assistance.
6.
No. Go to step 6.
6.
For example, if the serial mouse has a problem, swap
it with a serial mouse that you know is working
properly.
Attempt another print operation on the parallel
printer.
Does the print operation complete successfully?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
If the procedure in the preceding subsection, “Troubleshooting the Basic I/O Functions,” indicates that the
problem is with a device connected to one of the serial
ports, follow these steps:
1.
Turn off the computer and the serial device, and
swap the device with a comparable working
device.
7.
Turn on the computer and the serial device.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The serial device must be replaced. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Turn off the computer and any peripheral devices
connected to the serial ports.
Are two serial devices connected to the computer?
Yes. Go to step 2.
No. Go to step 4.
6-4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 7
Checking Inside the Computer
T
his chapter provides troubleshooting procedures for
components inside the computer. Before you start any of
the procedures in this chapter, do the following:
•
Perform the procedures described in “Checking Connections and Switches” and “The System Setup
Program” in Chapter 2.
•
Read the safety instructions in “Safety First—For
You and the Computer” found next in this chapter.
Working inside the computer is safe—if you observe the
following precautions.
WARNING FOR YOUR PERSONAL SAFETY
AND PROTECTION OF THE EQUIPMENT
Before starting to work on the computer, perform
the following steps in the sequence indicated:
1.
Turn off the computer and all peripherals.
You need the following items to perform the procedures
in this chapter:
2.
•
•
•
The Dell Server Assistant CD
Disconnect the computer and peripherals from
their power sources. Doing so reduces the
potential for personal injury or shock.
3.
Touch an unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis, such as the power supply, before
touching anything inside the computer.
•
The key to the system keylocks
The system documentation
A #1 Phillips-head screwdriver (or 1/4-inch hex-nut
driver)
NOTE: When you see the question, “Is the problem
resolved?” in a troubleshooting procedure, perform the operation that caused the problem.
Safety First—For You and the
Computer
The procedures in this chapter require that you remove
the covers and work inside the computer. While working
inside the computer, do not attempt to service the computer except as explained in this guide and elsewhere in
Dell documentation. Always follow the instructions
closely.
While you work, periodically touch an
unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis to dissipate any static electricity that might
harm internal components.
In addition, Dell recommends that you periodically
review the safety instructions at the front of this guide.
Removing and Replacing the
Computer Covers
To troubleshoot problems inside the computer, you need
to remove one or both of the computer covers.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-1
Removing the Computer Covers
3.
Use the following procedure to remove the computer
covers:
Loosen the three screws along the back edge of
the cover (see Figure 7-2).
4.
Slide the cover forward an inch or so, grasp the
top of the cover at both ends, and lift it straight
away from the chassis.
1.
Observe the Warning for Your Personal Safety and
Protection of the Equipment described earlier in this
chapter. Also observe the safety instructions at the
front of this guide.
2.
To remove a computer cover, turn the cover’s
keylocks on the back panel of the computer (see
Figure 7-1) to the unlocked position.
Figure 7-1. Keylocks on the Computer’s
Back Panel
7-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
screws (6)
Figure 7-2. Removing the Computer Covers
Replacing the Computer Covers
Use the following procedure to replace a computer cover:
1.
Check all cable connections, especially those that
might have come loose during your work. Fold
cables out of the way so that they do not catch on
the computer cover.
CAUTION: Make sure that there are no cables
or cable connectors lying on the top diskette
drive in the upper drive cage. Foreign objects
on top of the drive can interfere with drive
operation and permanently damage the drive.
2.
Check that no tools or extra parts (including
screws) are left inside the computer.
3.
Make sure the keylock is in the unlocked position.
4.
Fit the cover over the side rail at the bottom of the
chassis, and slide it closed.
5.
Secure the cover with the three screws.
6.
Set the keylock to the locked position.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-3
Removing the Front Bezel
Inside the Chassis
Use the following procedure to remove the front bezel:
In Figures 7-4 and 7-5, the computer cover is removed to
provide interior views from the left and right sides. These
illustrations also identify features on the front and back
of the computer. Refer to them to locate interior features
and components discussed later in this guide.
1.
Remove the computer covers.
See the previous subsection, “Removing the Computer Covers.”
2.
Release the two tabs on each side of the bezel.
3.
Slide the front bezel straight forward.
tabs (4)
When you look inside the computer, note the direct current
(DC) power cables leading from the power supply or
optional power-supply paralleling board. These cables
supply power to the system board, small computer system interface (SCSI) backplane board, externally
accessible drives, and certain expansion cards that connect to external peripherals.
The flat ribbon cables are the interface cables for internal
drives. For non-SCSI drives, an interface cable connects
each drive to an interface connector on the system board
or on an expansion card. For SCSI devices, two interface
cables connect externally accessible SCSI devices and
the SCSI backplane board to a SCSI host adapter either
on the system board or on an expansion card.
The system board—the large, vertical printed circuit board
at the left side of the chassis near the back—holds the
computer’s control circuitry and other electronic components. Some hardware options are installed directly onto
the system board. The system board provides eight expansion-card connectors. The external drive bays provide space
for up to four half-height drives, typically diskette drives,
CD-ROM drives, or tape drives. The internal drive bays
provide space for up to six half-height SCSI hard-disk
drives. These drives are connected to the SCSI host
adapter via the SCSI backplane board, which manages the
drive bays and monitors the drive environment, including
voltages and temperatures.
Figure 7-3. Removing the Front Bezel
7-4
During an installation or troubleshooting procedure, you
may be required to change a jumper or switch setting on the
system board, an expansion card, or a drive. For information on the system board jumpers, see Appendix C,
“Jumpers and Switches.”
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
external drive bays (4)
control panel
expansion slots
internal drive bays (6)
system board
microprocessor sockets
Figure 7-4. Inside the Chassis—Front/Left Side View
Checking Inside the Computer
7-5
external drive bays (4)
internal drive bays (6)
SCSI backplane
board
Figure 7-5. Inside the Chassis—Back/Right Side View
Responding to a Dell HIP Alert
Message
The Dell Hardware Instrumentation Package (HIP)
server management application program monitors critical
system voltages and temperatures, the system cooling
fans, and the status of the SCSI hard-disk drives in the
computer. The program generates alert messages that
appear in the simple network management protocol
(SNMP) trap log file. (More information about the Alert
Log window and options is provided in the Dell HIP
online help and the Dell HIP User’s Guide.)
Troubleshooting a Wet Computer
Liquid spills, splashes, and excessive humidity can cause
damage to the system. If an external device (such as a printer or an external drive) gets wet, contact the manufacturer
for instructions. If the computer gets wet, complete the
following steps:
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the alternating
current (AC) power cables from their power
sources.
Table 3-3 lists important HIP alert log messages, along
with their probable causes and recommended actions.
7-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
2.
Remove the computer covers.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic
Discharge” in the safety instructions at the front of
this guide.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
3.
instructions or see Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for information on obtaining technical assistance from Dell.
Follow these steps to troubleshoot a damaged computer:
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
2.
Remove the left computer cover.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Let the computer dry for at least 24 hours.
Make sure that it is thoroughly dry before
proceeding.
4.
Remove all expansion cards installed in the
computer.
5.
Replace the computer covers, reconnect the system to AC power, and turn it on.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
3.
Does the system have power?
Check the following connections:
Yes. Go to step 6.
•
•
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
6.
Turn off the system, disconnect it from AC power,
remove the left computer cover, and reinstall all
expansion cards you removed in step 4.
7.
Replace the computer cover, and reconnect the
system to AC power.
8.
Run the System Set Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
Check all the board and card connections in the
computer.
4.
Expansion-card connections to the system board
Drive carrier connections to the SCSI backplane
board
Verify all internal cable and component
connections.
Make sure that all cables are properly connected and
that all components are properly seated in their connectors and sockets.
5.
Replace the left computer cover and reconnect
the system to AC power.
6.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Run the System Set Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
Yes. The system is operating properly.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Do the tests complete successfully?
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Troubleshooting a Damaged
Computer
If the computer was dropped or damaged, you should
check the computer to see if it functions properly. If an
external device attached to the computer is dropped or
damaged, contact the manufacturer of the device for
Yes. The system is operating properly.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting the Battery
If an error message indicates a problem with the
battery or if the System Setup program loses the system
Checking Inside the Computer
7-7
configuration information when the computer is turned
off, the battery may be defective.
Follow these steps to troubleshoot the battery:
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
2.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
Troubleshooting Power Supply
Problems
The optional redundant power supplies in Dell PowerEdge 4100 systems are controlled by the power-supply
paralleling board. If a power-supply paralleling board is
installed, the two light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the
back of the power supply (see Figure 7-6) signal the status of the power supply. If the red power-supply fault
indicator lights up, the power supply should be replaced.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
3.
Check the connection of the coin cell battery to
the system board.
Is the battery firmly installed in the battery socket on
the system board?
locking
knob
Yes. Go to step 5.
No. Go to step 4.
4.
Reseat the battery in its socket.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The battery was loose. You have fixed the
problem.
power-supply fault
indicator
power-supply online locking switch
indicator
Figure 7-6. Power Supply Features
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Replace the battery.
Replacing a Power Supply
See “Replacing the Battery” in Chapter 8 for instructions on replacing the battery.
Follow these steps to replace a power supply:
1.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The battery’s charge was low. You have fixed
the problem.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
7-8
Disconnect the AC power cable from the power
outlet, then disconnect the other end of the cable
from the power supply.
Open the plastic strain-relief clip and remove the AC
power cable.
2.
Turn the rotary switch on the power supply to the
“off” position, marked by a “0.”
3.
Turn the locking knob counterclockwise to
release the power supply.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
4.
Slide the power supply out of the chassis (see Figure 7-7).
Troubleshooting Power Cable
Connections
1.
Check the AC power outlet and power cable (see
“Checking Connections and Switches” in Chapter 2.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
3.
Remove the computer covers.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
4.
Check the cable connections listed in Table 7-1.
.
Table 7-1. Power Cable Connectors on the
Optional Power-Supply Paralleling Board
Figure 7-7. Removing the Power Supply
Connector
Cable Connection
PWR1
To POWER1 connector on
system board
5.
Check that the locking switch on the new power
supply is set to the “off” position, then slide the
power supply into the chassis.
PWR2
To POWER2 connector on
system board
6.
Turn the locking knob clockwise until the replacement power supply is secured in the chassis.
PWR3
To POWER3 connector on
system board
7.
Connect the AC power cable to the power supply
and to the power outlet.
PWRFD
To diskette drives and other
devices in external drive
bays
PWRSCSI
To POWER connector on
SCSI backplane
Make sure that the AC power cable passes through
the plastic strain-relief clip.
8.
Turn the locking switch on the power supply to
the “on” position, marked by an “I.”
If an optional power-supply paralleling board is
installed, the green online indicator on the power
supply should light up.
Troubleshooting a Cooling Fan
Three cooling fans are installed in the Dell PowerEdge
4100 system. Two fans are used to cool the computer; the
third cooling fan does not operate unless one of the other
two fans fails. If you observe that only one of the three
redundant cooling fans is operating, or the Dell HIP
server-management application program issues a fanrelated error message, replace the fan as described in the
following subsection.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-9
Replacing a Cooling Fan
5.
Remove the cooling fan from the fan carrier by
releasing the two fan retention tabs inside the carrier (see Figure 7-8).
6.
Insert the replacement cooling fan in the carrier,
and snap the two fan retention tabs back into
position.
Follow these steps to replace a defective cooling fan.
WARNING: Only trained service technicians
should perform this procedure. Do not remove
the left computer cover with the power on
unless you are replacing a cooling fan. (Never
remove the right computer cover with the computer power on. There are high voltages in this
area that can cause bodily harm.)
Do not touch or attempt to service any components other than the cooling fan. Other
components could be damaged if you attempt
to service them with the computer power on.
1.
Orient the fan so that the power cable is at the upperright corner of the carrier.
7.
Insert the two tabs along the lower edge of the fan
carrier into the valences in the chassis, then raise the
fan carrier into position until the catch on the fan carrier snaps into place in the computer chassis.
8.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
2.
Identify the defective cooling fan.
3.
Disconnect the cooling fan’s power cable from the
FAN connector on the system board.
4.
Depress the catch on the fan carrier (see Figure 7-8) and remove the fan carrier from the
chassis.
fan carrier
catch
Reinstall the fan carrier in the computer.
Connect the cooling-fan power cable to the FAN
connector on the system board.
The fan should begin running.
9.
Replace the left computer cover.
Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards
If an error message indicates an expansion-card problem
or if an expansion card seems to perform incorrectly or
not at all, the problem could be a faulty connection, a
conflict with software or other hardware, or a faulty
expansion card. Follow these steps to troubleshoot
expansion cards:
1.
Start the EISA Configuration Utility, and verify
that all Extended Industry-Standard Architecture (EISA) and Industry-Standard Architecture
(ISA) expansion cards have been configured
correctly. Save the configuration before exiting
the utility.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
2.
fan
retention
tabs (2)
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
Figure 7-8. Replacing a Cooling Fan
7-10
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
3.
Remove the left computer cover.
8.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
Most ISA expansion cards have configuration settings for an interrupt request (IRQ) line, a direct
memory access (DMA) channel, and a base-memory
or basic input/output system (BIOS) address. To
keep expansion cards from conflicting with each
other, you need to know both the starting memory
address and the amount of memory required by each
card. For instructions on jumpers and configuration
settings, see the expansion card’s documentation.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
4.
Verify that each expansion card is firmly seated
in its connector.
Is each expansion card configured correctly?
Are the expansion cards properly seated in their
connectors?
Yes. Go to step 10.
Yes. Go to step 6.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Reseat the expansion cards in their connectors.
See “Removing an Expansion Card” and “Installing
an Expansion Card” in Chapter 8 for instructions on
removing and replacing expansion cards.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The connection was loose. You have fixed the
problem.
No. Go to step 6.
6.
No. Go to step 9.
9.
Reconfigure the card according to the instructions in the card’s documentation.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The memory configuration of the card was
incorrect. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 10.
10. Inspect all configuration jumpers on the system
board to ensure that they are configured correctly
for any installed expansion cards.
Verify that the appropriate cables are firmly connected to their corresponding connectors on the
expansion cards.
For information on the configuration jumpers and
their settings, see Appendix C, “Jumpers and
Switches.”
For instructions on which cables should be attached
to specific connectors on an expansion card, see the
expansion card’s documentation.
Are the system board’s configuration jumpers set
correctly?
Are the appropriate cables firmly attached to their
connectors?
Yes. Go to step 8.
No. Go to step 7.
7.
Inspect all jumpers and configuration switches on
each expansion card.
Reconnect the cable connectors to the appropriate connectors on the expansion cards.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The cable connections were loose. You have
fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 8.
Yes. Go to step 12.
No. Go to step 11.
11. Correct the system board’s configuration jumper
settings.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 12.
12. Remove all expansion cards except the hard-disk
drive controller card (if one is installed).
See “Removing an Expansion Card” in Chapter 8 for
information on removing expansion cards.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-11
13. Replace the left computer cover, reconnect the
system to AC power, and turn it on.
14. Enter the System Setup program, and update the
system configuration information.
See Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup Program,”
in the User’s Guide for instructions.
For any EISA and ISA expansion cards, enter the
EISA Configuration Utility, and update the configuration information.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
15. Run the RAM Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Troubleshooting System Memory
A system memory problem can be a faulty dual in-line
memory module (DIMM) or a faulty system board. If a
random-access memory (RAM) error message appears,
the system probably has a memory problem.
When you turn on or reboot the system, the Caps Lock
and Scroll Lock indicators on the keyboard should flash
momentarily and then turn off. If the NUM LOCK category
in the System Setup program is set to ON, the Num Lock
indicator should flash momentarily and then remain on;
otherwise, it should turn off. Abnormal operation of these
indicators can result from a defective DIMM in socket
DIMM A. Follow these steps to troubleshoot system
memory:
1.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Does an error message appear indicating invalid system configuration information after the memory
count completes?
Yes. Go to step 17.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for information
on obtaining technical assistance.
Yes. Go to step 2.
16. Turn off the system, disconnect it from AC power,
and remove the left computer cover.
17. Reinstall one of the expansion cards you removed
in step 12, and repeat steps 13 though 15.
No. Go to step 8.
2.
See Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup Program,”
in the User’s Guide for instructions.
Does the amount of memory installed match the
TOTAL MEMORY or SYSTEM MEMORY setting?
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 20.
Yes. Go to step 8.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for information
on obtaining technical assistance.
Have you reinstalled all of the expansion cards without encountering a test failure?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for information
on obtaining technical assistance.
7-12
Enter the System Setup program to check the
TOTAL MEMORY or SYSTEM MEMORY category.
18. Run the RAM Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
19. Repeat steps 17 through 19 for each of the
remaining expansion cards that you removed in
step 12.
Turn on the system, including any attached
peripherals.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
4.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
5.
6.
7.
Reseat the DIMMs in their sockets.
Troubleshooting the Video
See “Adding Memory” in Chapter 8 for instructions
on removing and replacing DIMMs.
Subsystem
Replace the computer cover, reconnect the system
to AC power, and turn it on.
Troubleshooting video problems involves determining
which of the following is the source of the problem: the
monitor, the monitor interface cable, the video memory,
or the video logic of the computer. You can also have a
high-resolution video expansion card installed, which
overrides the video logic of the computer.
Enter the System Setup program and check the
TOTAL MEMORY or SYSTEM MEMORY category again.
Does the amount of memory installed match the
TOTAL MEMORY or SYSTEM MEMORY setting?
Yes. Go to step 8.
No. Go to step 9.
8.
Reboot the system, and observe the monitor
screen and the Num Lock, Caps Lock, and Scroll
Lock indicators on the keyboard.
Does the monitor screen remain blank, and do the
Num Lock, Caps Lock, and Scroll Lock indicators
on the keyboard remain on?
Yes. Go to step 9.
The following procedure troubleshoots problems with the
video memory and video logic only. Before you begin,
perform the procedure found in “Troubleshooting the
Monitor” in Chapter 6 to determine whether or not the
monitor is the source of the problem.
If you have a high-resolution video expansion card, first
complete the steps in “Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards” found earlier in this chapter to verify that the card
is configured and installed correctly.
Follow these steps to troubleshoot the video subsystem:
1.
No. Go to step 11.
9.
Run the Video Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Turn off the system, disconnect it from AC power,
and remove the left computer cover.
Most of the tests in the Video Test Group are interactive; that is, you must respond before the
diagnostics continues with the next test.
10. If possible, swap the DIMM in socket DIMM A
with one of the same capacity, reboot the system,
and observe the monitor screen and the indicators on the keyboard.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. It is not a video hardware problem. Go to Chapter 4, “Finding Software Solutions.”
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 2.
No. Go to step 11.
2.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
3.
Remove the left computer cover.
11. Run the RAM Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-13
4.
Check the system-board configuration jumpers.
Troubleshooting the System
See Table C-1 for a list of the system board jumpers
and their settings.
Board
Is the on-board video jumper set correctly?
A system board problem can result from a defective system board component, a faulty power supply, or a
defective component connected to the system board. If an
error message indicates a system board problem, follow
these steps to find the problem:
Yes. Go to step 9.
No. Go to step 5.
5.
Correct the configuration jumper setting on the
system board.
6.
Replace the left computer cover, and reconnect
the system to AC power.
7.
Run the Video Test Group again.
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
2.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The on-board video jumper was set incorrectly.
You have fixed the problem.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
No. Go to step 8.
8.
Turn off the system, disconnect it from AC power,
and remove the left computer cover.
9.
Determine whether a video expansion card is
installed.
Is a video expansion card installed?
3.
Remove all expansion cards except the hard-disk
drive controller card and the video expansion
card (if they are installed).
4.
Replace the left computer cover, reconnect the
system to AC power, and turn it on.
5.
For any EISA and ISA expansion cards, start the
EISA Configuration Utility, and update the configuration information.
Yes. Go to step 10.
No. The built-in video controller is faulty. Go to
step 11.
10. Remove the video expansion card, and repeat
steps 11 and 12.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. The video expansion card is faulty. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
6.
See Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup Program,”
in the User’s Guide for instructions.
No. Go to step 11.
11. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Enter the System Setup program, and update the
system configuration information.
7.
Run the System Set Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics.”
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 8.
No. Go to step 12.
7-14
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
8.
Turn off the system, disconnect it from AC power,
and remove the computer cover.
boot routine or the system diagnostics, the problem may
be caused by any of the following conditions:
9.
Reinstall one of the expansion cards you removed
in step 3, and repeat steps 4 and 5.
•
The system configuration settings do not match the
physical diskette subsystem configuration.
•
The diskette drive cables are not properly connected
or are faulty.
•
An expansion card is interfering with proper drive
operations.
•
•
•
A diskette drive may be improperly configured.
•
The computer’s diskette drive logic is faulty.
10. Run the System Set Test Group again.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 11.
No. Go to step 12.
11. Repeat steps 8, 9, and 10 for each of the remaining expansion cards you removed in step 3.
Have you reinstalled all of the expansion cards without encountering a test failure?
Yes. Go to step 12.
No. The expansion card is faulty. See Chapter 11,
“Getting Help,” for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
12. Disconnect the keyboard and reboot the system.
No. Go to step 14.
13. Swap the keyboard with a comparable working
keyboard, and run the System Set Test Group
again.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 14.
14. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
The computer’s power supply is not providing sufficient power for the drives.
The troubleshooting procedures for the diskette drive
subsystem are divided into the following subsections:
•
•
“Checking the Diskette Drive Subsystem”
•
“Troubleshooting a SCSI Tape Drive”
Does the system boot successfully?
Yes. Go to step 13.
The diskette drive or tape drive is faulty.
“Troubleshooting the Diskette Drive Subsystem”
Before you begin the troubleshooting procedures, complete steps 1 and 2 in the next subsection, “Checking the
Diskette Drive Subsystem,” to verify that the system configuration information is correct for the installed diskette
drive(s).
If, after completing these steps, the system boots correctly and the monitor no longer displays a system error
message, the problem is resolved. If you continue to have
problems, however, proceed with the appropriate diskette
drive subsystem troubleshooting procedure.
Checking the Diskette Drive Subsystem
Troubleshooting the Diskette
To verify that the diskette drive subsystem is operating
properly, follow these steps:
Drive Subsystem
1.
If the monitor displays a system error message indicating
a diskette drive problem during execution of either the
Enter the System Setup program, and verify that
the system is configured correctly for the DISKETTE DRIVE A and DISKETTE DRIVE B categories.
See Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup Program,”
in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-15
6.
Run the Diskette Drives Test Group in the system
diagnostics to see whether the diskette drive subsystem now works correctly.
2.
If the system configuration settings are incorrect,
make the necessary corrections in the System
Setup program, and then reboot the system.
3.
Run the Diskette Drives Test Group in the system
diagnostics to see whether the diskette drive subsystem now works correctly.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,”
for more information.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,”
for more information.
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
Do the tests complete successfully?
No. Go to step 7.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. Continue with the next step in the procedure you
were performing.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Diskette-Drive Subsystem
Troubleshooting
Follow these steps to troubleshoot the diskette drive
subsystem:
1.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
2.
Remove both computer covers.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
3.
Check the diskette drive cabling.
Is the diskette drive securely connected to the proper
diskette drive interface cable connector? Is the diskette drive interface cable connector securely
connected to the interface connector (labeled
“FLOPPY”) on the system board? Is the drive’s DC
power cable firmly connected to the drive?
Yes. Go to step 5.
No. Go to step 4.
4.
Reconnect the cable connectors.
5.
Replace the computer covers, reconnect the system to AC power, and turn on the system.
7-16
7.
Repeat steps 1 and 2, and remove all expansion
cards.
See “Expansion Cards” in Chapter 8 for instructions.
8.
Replace the computer covers, reconnect the system to AC power, and turn on the system.
9.
Run the Diskette Drives Test Group in the system
diagnostics to see whether the diskette drive subsystem now works correctly.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. An expansion card may be conflicting with the
diskette drive logic, or you may have a faulty expansion card. Go to “Checking the Diskette Drive
Subsystem” found earlier in this chapter.
No. Go to step 10.
10. Repeat steps 1 and 2, and reinstall one of the
expansion cards you removed in step 7.
See “Removing an Expansion Card” and “Installing
an Expansion Card” in Chapter 8 for instructions.
11. Replace the computer covers, reconnect the system to AC power, and turn on the system.
12. Run the Diskette Drives Test Group in the system
diagnostics to see whether the diskette drive subsystem now works correctly.
Do the tests complete successfully?
Yes. Go to step 13.
No. Go to step 14.
13. Repeat steps 10 through 12 until all expansion
cards have been reinstalled or until one of the
expansion cards prevents the system from booting from the Dell Server Assistant CD.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
14. Repeat steps 1 and 2. Verify that the drive’s terminator is installed and that the drive-select
jumper is set to the DS1 position.
NOTE: Some diskette drives may require you to
remove the drive from the computer to access the terminator and drive-select jumper.
Tape drive problems often result from a defective tape
drive, a defective tape cartridge, or software. Follow
these steps to troubleshoot a SCSI tape drive:
1.
Is the problem resolved?
For information about the drive’s terminator and
drive-select jumper settings, refer to the documentation for the drive.
Yes. The original tape was defective. Replace it with
a new tape. You have fixed the problem.
Is the drive configured correctly?
Yes. Go to step 18.
Remove the tape that was in use when the problem occurred, and replace it with a tape that you
know is not defective.
No. Go to step 2.
2.
No. Go to step 15.
15. Correct the drive-select jumper setting and terminator installation.
Verify that any required SCSI device drivers are
installed on the hard-disk drive and are configured correctly.
Do the tests complete successfully?
See Chapter 3, “Installing and Configuring SCSI
Drivers,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions
on installing and configuring the SCSI device drivers
for the system’s built-in SCSI host adapter or Dell
PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host
adapter card. For any other type of SCSI host adapter
card, see the documentation that accompanied the
SCSI host adapter card.
Yes. You have solved the problem.
Are the drivers installed and configured correctly?
No. Go to step 18.
Yes. The SCSI device drivers were installed or configured incorrectly or were corrupted. You have
fixed the problem.
16. Replace the computer covers, reconnect the system to AC power, and turn on the system.
17. Run the Diskette Drives Test Group in the system
diagnostics to see whether the diskette drive subsystem now works correctly.
18. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
Troubleshooting a SCSI Tape Drive
A SCSI tape drive can be installed in one of the externally accessible drive bays or an external device that
attaches to a SCSI host adapter connector on the back
panel of the computer. In either case, the SCSI tape drive
is controlled by a SCSI host adapter installed in the computer, which may also control other SCSI devices
connected to one or more SCSI cables. SCSI devices
often require device drivers for the particular operating
system being used by the computer system.
No. Go to step 3.
3.
Reinstall the tape backup software as instructed
in the tape-backup software documentation.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The tape backup software was corrupted. You
have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 4.
4.
Restart the system and check for the presence of
the tape drive during the option read-only memory (ROM) scan sequence.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The drive is correctly cabled and is receiving
power. Go to step 9.
No. Go to step 5.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-17
5.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources.
6.
Remove both computer covers.
drive, replace the computer covers, reconnect the
system to AC power, and turn it on.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The tape drive was configured incorrectly. You
have fixed the problem.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” found earlier
in this chapter.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
7.
Check the SCSI cable connections to the tape
drive and to the SCSI host adapter connector. If
the tape drive is an internal device, check the DC
power cable connection to the tape drive.
No. Go to step 12.
12. Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources. Then remove the
computer covers.
13. Replace the SCSI cable that connects the tape
drive to the SCSI host adapter. Replace the computer covers, reconnect the system to AC power,
and turn it on.
Is the problem resolved?
Are the cables firmly connected?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
Yes. Go to step 9.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
No. Go to step 8.
8.
Reseat the cable connectors, replace the computer
covers, reconnect the system to AC power, and
turn it on.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 9.
9.
Turn off the system, including any attached
peripherals, and disconnect all the AC power
cables from their power sources. Then remove the
right computer cover.
10. Remove the tape drive. Then verify that the tape
drive is configured for a unique SCSI identification (ID) number and that the tape drive is
terminated or not terminated as appropriate.
See the documentation for the tape drive for instructions on selecting the SCSI ID and enabling or
disabling termination.
Troubleshooting SCSI Hard-Disk
Drives
Hard-disk drive problems can be caused by a number of
conditions, including problems with the drive itself, the
SCSI backplane board, or an interface cable.
Drive Indicator Error Codes
The SCSI backplane board monitors the internal SCSI
hard-disk drives connected to the backplane board. In the
event of a drive failure, systems using the optional Dell
PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller will issue the
following signals using the drive indicator lights adjacent
to each SCSI hard-disk drive:
•
If a drive shows signs of imminent failure, the drive
online indicator turns off and the drive fault indicator
blinks on briefly each second.
•
If a drive has failed, the drive online indicator turns
off and the drive fault indicator blinks off briefly
each second.
Is the tape drive configured correctly?
Yes. Go to step 13.
No. Go to step 11.
11. Reconfigure the tape drive’s SCSI ID and termination settings as appropriate. Reinstall the tape
7-18
Other drive indicator patterns are listed in “SCSI HardDisk Drive Indicator Codes” in Chapter 3.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
SCSI Hard-Disk Drive Troubleshooting
5.
Use the following procedure to troubleshoot a hard-disk
drive problem.
Remove the drive carrier from its bay, and check
the cable connections between the drive and the
drive carrier. Reinstall the drive.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The drive carrier was not firmly seated in the
connector on the SCSI backplane board, or the cable
in the drive carrier was installed incorrectly. You
have fixed the problem.
CAUTION: This troubleshooting procedure can
destroy data stored on the hard-disk drive. Before
you proceed, make sure you have backed up all
the files on the hard-disk drive.
No. Go to step 6.
1.
If the on-board SCSI host adapter is being used to
control the SCSI backplane board, restart the
system and press <F2> to enter the System Setup
program.
6.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. Go to step 3.
Yes. The SCSI backplane board has a defective
connector. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for
instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
No. Go to step 2.
No. Go to step 7.
Is the ON-BOARD SCSI A category set to ENABLED?
2.
Change the ON-BOARD SCSI A category to ENABLED,
and reboot the system.
7.
Is the problem resolved?
No. Go to step 3.
Verify that the SCSI device drivers are installed
and configured correctly.
See Chapter 3, “Installing and Configuring SCSI
Drivers,” in the system User’s Guide to determine
which drivers are required and how they should be
installed and configured.
Are the required SCSI device drivers installed and
configured correctly?
Yes. Go to step 5.
4.
Remove the computer covers.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
3.
Remove the drive carrier and install it in another
drive bay.
8.
Check the SCSI cable connections to the SCSI
backplane board and to the SCSI host adapter.
Check the DC power cable connection to the
SCSI backplane board.
The SCSI cable may be connected to the SCSI host
adapter on the system board, or to a SCSI host
adapter card in an expansion slot. See Chapter 10,
“Installing Drives in the Internal Bays,” for the location of the cable connectors on the SCSI backplane
board and the SCSI host adapter.
No. Go to step 4.
Are the cables firmly connected?
Reinstall and/or reconfigure the required SCSI
device drivers. Then reboot the system.
Yes. Go to step 10.
Is the problem resolved?
No. Go to step 9.
Yes. You have fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 5.
Checking Inside the Computer
7-19
9.
Reseat the cable connectors, reconnect the computer and peripherals to their AC power sources,
and turn them on.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The cable connections were faulty. You have
fixed the problem.
No. Go to step 10.
10. Partition and logically format the hard-disk
drive. If possible, restore the files to the drive.
To partition and logically format the drive, see the
documentation for the computer’s operating system.
Is the problem resolved?
Yes. The hard-disk drive format was corrupted. You
have fixed the problem.
No. See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions
on obtaining technical assistance.
7-20
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 8
Installing System Board Options
T
his chapter describes how to install the following
options:
•
Extended Industry-Standard Architecture (EISA),
Industry-Standard Architecture (ISA), and Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) expansion cards
•
•
Memory upgrades
Microprocessor upgrades
This chapter also includes instructions for replacing the
system battery, if necessary.
Use Figure 8-1 to locate the system board features mentioned in this chapter and elsewhere.
diskette/tape drive interface
connector (FLOPPY)
Ultra/Narrow SCSI host adapter
connector (SCSI CD-ROM)
Ultra/Wide SCSI host adapter
connector (SCSI)
EISA connectors
(EISA1 [top],
EISA2, and EISA3)
front of
system board
PCI connectors (PCI4 [top]
through PCI8)
battery connector
(BATTERY)
DIMM sockets
(DIMM A–DIMM H)
video connector
fan connectors (3)
server-management
serial port connector
(REMOTE)
speed and configuration
jumpers
parallel port connector
serial port 2 connector
serial port 1 connector
primary
microprocessor
socket (PROCESSOR1)
mouse connector
keyboard connector
secondary microprocessor
socket (PROCESSOR2)
server-management bus
connector (SMB BACKPLANE)
Figure 8-1. System Board Features
Installing System Board Options
8-1
Expansion Cards
This computer can hold up to eight expansion cards, five
of which can be 32-bit PCI cards. The system accommodates a mix of 32-bit EISA master or slave cards, 32-bit
PCI cards, and 8- and 16-bit ISA cards. Figure 8-2 shows
examples of the different types of expansion cards.
The system board contains a total of eight expansion-card
connectors. An opening is available in the back panel of
the computer for each expansion-card connector, thus
providing eight usable expansion slots.
8-bit ISA expansion card
16-bit ISA expansion card
32-bit EISA expansion card
32-bit PCI expansion card
Figure 8-2. Expansion Cards
8-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Connectors EISA1 through EISA3 support 32-bit EISA
master or slave cards, and 8- and 16-bit ISA cards. Connectors PCI4 through PCI8 support 32-bit PCI cards.
Video expansion cards should be installed in one of the
three primary PCI slots (PCI6, PCI7, or PCI8).
EISA
expansion-card
connectors
(EISA1–EISA3)
PCI expansioncard connectors
(PCI4–PCI8)
See the documentation that came with the expansion
card for information on configuring the card, making
internal connections, or otherwise customizing it for
the system.
3.
Unscrew and remove the metal filler bracket that
covers the card-slot opening for the expansion
slot you intend to use.
4.
If the expansion card is full-length, check that the
locking cam on the corresponding locking card
guide is in the raised or “unlocked” position.
Insert the end of the expansion card in the card
guide slot and lower the card into the chassis.
5.
Insert the card-edge connector firmly into the
expansion-card connector on the chassis.
6.
When the card is firmly seated in the connector
and the card-mounting bracket is flush with the
brackets on either side of it, secure the bracket
with the screw you removed in step 3.
Figure 8-3. Expansion-Card Connectors on the
System Board
Installing an Expansion Card
If the expansion card is full-length, close the locking
cam on the card guide to secure the card.
7.
Follow this general installation procedure:
1.
If you are installing an ISA expansion card, start
the EISA Configuration Utility, and add the new
expansion card to the configuration information.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
See the documentation that came with the card for
information about cable connections.
8.
Replace the left computer cover, reconnect the
computer and peripherals to their power sources,
and turn them on.
9.
Start the EISA Configuration Utility and add the
new expansion card to the configuration.
NOTES: If you are installing an EISA expansion
card, you should normally run the EISA Configuration Utility after installing the expansion card.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
If you are installing a PCI expansion card, your system automatically performs any required PCI
configuration tasks during the boot routine.
2.
Prepare the expansion card for installation, and
remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Connect any cables that should be attached to the
card.
NOTE: If you installed a PCI expansion card, the
system automatically performs any required PCI
configuration tasks during the boot routine.
Removing an Expansion Card
Follow this general procedure to remove an expansion
card:
1.
If you are relocating or removing an ISA expansion card permanently, start the EISA
Installing System Board Options
8-3
NOTE: If you removed a PCI expansion card, the
system automatically performs any required reconfiguration tasks during the boot routine.
Configuration Utility and delete the expansion
card from the configuration.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
2.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Adding Memory
The eight dual in-line memory module (DIMM) sockets on
the system board can accommodate 64 to 1024 megabytes
(MB) of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM). The
Dell PowerEdge 4100 systems use 72-bit, buffered,
extended-data out (EDO) DIMMs in these 168-pin sockets. The DIMM sockets are located near the right edge of
the system board (see Figure 8-1).
3.
If necessary, disconnect any cables connected to
the card.
4.
Unscrew the card-mounting bracket.
Memory Upgrade Kits
If the expansion card is full-length, release the locking cam on the card guide.
The system is upgradable to 1024 MB by installing combinations of 32- and 128-MB DIMMs. The DIMMs
should be rated at 60 nanoseconds (ns) or faster.
Table 8-1 shows several sample memory configurations.
Memory upgrade kits can be purchased from Dell as
needed.
5.
Grasp the card by its top corners, and ease it out
of its connector.
6.
If you are removing the card permanently, install
a metal filler bracket over the empty card-slot
opening.
NOTE: Installing a filler bracket over an empty
expansion slot is necessary to maintain Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) certification of
the system. The brackets also keep dust and dirt out
of the computer and aid in proper cooling and airflow inside the computer.
7.
Replace the left computer cover, reconnect the
computer and peripherals to their power sources,
and turn them on.
8.
If you are relocating or removing an EISA expansion card, start the EISA Configuration Utility,
and delete the expansion card from the configuration information.
See Chapter 5, “Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
8-4
DIMM Installation Guidelines
Starting with the socket farthest from the microprocessor
sockets, the DIMM sockets are labeled “DIMM A”
through “DIMM H” (see Figure 8-1).
When installing DIMMs, follow these guidelines:
•
Install a DIMM in socket DIMM A before socket
DIMM B, socket DIMM B before socket DIMM C,
and so on.
•
If you install different sizes of DIMMs, install them
in order of descending capacity, beginning with
socket DIMM A.
•
DIMMs need not be installed in pairs.
Table 8-1 illustrates several sample memory configurations based on these guidelines.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 8-1. Sample DIMM Configurations
Total
Desired
Memory
DIMM Sockets
DIMM A
DIMM B
DIMM C
DIMM D
DIMM E
DIMM F
DIMM G
DIMM H
64 MB
32 MB
32 MB
None
None
None
None
None
None
128 MB
32 MB
32 MB
32 MB
32 MB
None
None
None
None
128 MB
128 MB
None
None
None
None
None
None
None
192 MB
128 MB
32 MB
32 MB
None
None
None
None
None
320 MB
128 MB
128 MB
32 MB
32 MB
None
None
None
None
512 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
1024 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
128 MB
Performing a Memory Upgrade
the new memory total, which includes all newly
installed memory.
Use the following procedure to perform a memory
upgrade to the system board:
1.
NOTE: If the memory total is incorrect, turn off and
disconnect the computer and peripherals from their
power sources, remove the computer cover, and
check all the installed DIMMs to make sure they are
seated properly in their sockets. Then repeat step 4.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
The system detects that the new memory does not
match the system configuration information, which
is stored in nonvolatile random-access memory
(NVRAM). The monitor displays an error message
to that effect, ending with the following words:
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
2.
Locate the DIMM sockets in which you will
install or replace DIMMs.
Figure 8-1 shows the location of the DIMM sockets
on the system board.
3.
Install or replace the DIMMs as necessary to
reach the desired memory total.
Follow the instructions in “Installing DIMMs” or
“Removing DIMMs” found later in this section, as
appropriate.
4.
Replace the left computer cover, reconnect the
computer and peripherals to their power sources,
and turn them on.
After the system completes the power-on self-test
(POST) routine, it runs a memory test that displays
Press <F1> to continue; <F2> to enter
System Setup.
5.
Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program, and
check the SYSTEM MEMORY category in the system
data box on the System Setup screens.
The system should have already changed the value in
the SYSTEM MEMORY category to reflect the newly
installed memory. Verify the new total.
NOTE: The value of SYSTEM MEMORY is given in kilobytes. To convert kilobytes to megabytes, divide the
kilobyte total by 1024.
If the total is incorrect, one or more of the DIMMs
may not be installed properly. Repeat this procedure
again, checking to make sure the DIMMs are firmly
seated in their sockets.
Installing System Board Options
8-5
6.
Enter the EISA Configuration Utility. Then save
the configuration and exit the utility.
Running the EISA Configuration Utility and saving
the configuration is required for the system to recognize the newly installed DIMM(s). See Chapter 5,
“Using the EISA Configuration Utility,” in the User’s
Guide for instructions on running the utility and saving the configuration.
7.
Run the RAM Test Group in the system
diagnostics.
2.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,”
for information.
notch
1.
Installing DIMMs
Install DIMMs starting with socket DIMM A, located
farthest from the microprocessor sockets, and working
towards DIMM H. If a DIMM is already installed in the
socket you need, you must remove it. Follow the instructions in the next subsection, “Removing DIMMs,” if
appropriate.
To install a DIMM, follow these steps:
1.
Press the ejectors on the DIMM socket down and
outward as shown in Figure 8-4 to allow the
DIMM to be inserted in the socket.
2.
Align the DIMM’s edge connector with the slot in
the center of the DIMM socket, and insert the
DIMM in the socket.
Figure 8-4. Installing a DIMM
4.
Continue with step 4 of “Performing a Memory
Upgrade” found earlier in this section.
Removing DIMMs
To remove a DIMM, press down and outward on the
ejectors on each end of the socket until the DIMM pops
out of the socket (see Figure 8-5).
press down and out
The card-edge connector on the DIMM is keyed
using two notches so that the DIMM can be installed
in the socket in only one way (see Figure 8-4).
3.
Press down on the two outer edges of the DIMM
with your thumbs while pulling up on the ejectors
with your index fingers to lock the DIMM into the
socket.
2.
When the DIMM is properly seated in the socket, the
ejectors on the DIMM socket should align with the
ejectors on the other DIMM sockets.
1.
Figure 8-5. Removing a DIMM
8-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Upgrading the Microprocessor or
2.
Installing a Secondary
Microprocessor
Remove the metal clip that secures the heat sink
to the microprocessor socket.
CAUTION: Never remove the heat sink from a
microprocessor unless you intend to remove
the microprocessor. The heat sink is necessary
to maintain proper thermal conditions.
In addition to the zero insertion force (ZIF) socket for the
primary microprocessor on the system board, there is a
second ZIF socket to accommodate a secondary microprocessor. The secondary microprocessor must have the
same operating frequency as the primary microprocessor.
For example, if the system has a 180 megahertz (MHz)
Pentium Pro primary microprocessor, your secondary
microprocessor must also be a 180-MHz Pentium Pro
microprocessor.
WARNING: The microprocessor chip and heat
sink can get extremely hot. Be sure the microprocessor has had sufficient time to cool before
you touch it.
NOTE: If you are upgrading a system by installing a secondary microprocessor, you must order a microprocessor
upgrade kit from Dell. The upgrade kit from Dell contains the correct version of the microprocessor for use as
a secondary microprocessor. Not all versions of the Pentium Pro microprocessor will work properly as a
secondary microprocessor.
Press down on the folded part of the clip with a small
screwdriver to release the clip (see Figure 8-6).
press here to
release clip
The following items are included in a microprocessor
upgrade kit:
•
•
•
•
The new microprocessor chip
A new heat sink
A new heat sink clip
A new snap-in badge
Use the following procedure to remove the old microprocessor and install the upgrade or to add a second
microprocessor.
1.
microprocessor securing
clip hooks over tabs on
front and back of socket
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Figure 8-6. Microprocessor Securing Clip
3.
Remove the heat sink.
The thermal interface pad is bonded to the heat sink
and will remain attached to the old heat sink.
4.
Remove the microprocessor chip from the socket.
CAUTION: Be careful not to bend any of the
pins when removing the microprocessor chip
from its socket. Bending the pins can permanently damage the microprocessor chip.
Installing System Board Options
8-7
To remove the microprocessor chip, pull the socket
release lever straight up until the chip is released (see
Figure 8-7). Then lift the chip out of the socket.
Leave the release lever up so that the socket is ready
for the new microprocessor.
rectangular area. The gold finger points toward
pin 1, which is also uniquely identified by a square
pad.
microprocessor chip
pin-1 corner
(gold finger and square pad)
Figure 8-8. Pin-1 Identification
microprocessor
socket
release lever
Figure 8-7. Removing the Microprocessor
5.
Unpack the new microprocessor.
CAUTION: Be careful not to bend any of the
pins when unpacking the microprocessor chip
from its socket. Bending the pins can permanently damage the microprocessor chip.
If any of the pins on the microprocessor appear bent,
see Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for instructions on
obtaining technical assistance from Dell.
6.
Align the pin-1 corner of the microprocessor chip
(see Figure 8-8) with the pin-1 corner of the
microprocessor socket.
NOTE: Identifying the pin-1 corners is critical to
positioning the chip correctly.
7.
Install the microprocessor chip in the socket (see
Figure 8-9).
CAUTION: Positioning the microprocessor
incorrectly can permanently damage the chip
and the computer when you turn on the
system.
If the release lever on the microprocessor socket is
not all the way up, move it to that position now.
With the pin-1 corners of the chip and socket
aligned, set the chip lightly in the socket and make
sure all pins are matched with the correct holes in
the socket. Because the system uses a ZIF microprocessor socket, there is no need to use force (which
could bend the pins if the chip is misaligned). When
the chip is positioned correctly, it should drop down
into the socket with minimal pressure.
CAUTION: When placing the microprocessor
chip in the socket, be sure that all of the pins
on the chip go into the corresponding holes of
the socket. Be careful not to bend the pins.
When the chip is fully seated in the socket, rotate the
socket release lever back down until it snaps into
place, securing the chip.
Identify the pin-1 corner of the microprocessor by
turning the chip over and locating the tiny gold finger that extends from one corner of the large central
8-8
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
clip
pin-1 corners of
chip and socket
aligned
heat sink
thermal pad
(bonded to heat
sink)
microprocessor
chip
Figure 8-9. Installing the Microprocessor
Chip
microprocessor
socket
8.
Place the new heat sink (with its bonded thermal
interface pad) on top of the microprocessor chip
(see Figure 8-10).
Figure 8-10. Installing the Heat Sink
9.
Replace the microprocessor securing clip.
Orient the clip as shown in Figure 8-10, and hook the
unfolded end of the clip over the tab on the edge of
the socket facing the front of the computer. Then
press down on the folded end of the clip to snap the
clip over the tab on the back of the socket.
10. Change the microprocessor-speed jumper setting
to correspond to the new microprocessor’s operating frequency.
The microprocessor’s speed jumper should be set for
the installed microprocessor’s rated internal speed.
For example, for a 200-MHz Pentium Pro processor,
a jumper plug should be installed on the jumper
Installing System Board Options
8-9
labeled “200MHZ.” (See Appendix C, “Jumpers and
Switches,” for more information on jumper
locations.)
11. Replace the left computer cover.
12. If you have upgraded the microprocessor to a
faster one, remove the old badge from the front of
the computer bezel and install the new badge:
a.
Remove the bezel according to the instructions in
“Removing the Front Bezel” in Chapter 7.
b.
The badge is secured to the front bezel with three
metal tabs. Press on all three tabs at once to release the detent that holds the badge in place, and
then push the tabs out of the front bezel. To install
the new badge, insert the three metal tabs through
the slots in the front bezel and press on the badge
until the detents on the tabs lock into place.
c.
Replace the front bezel.
13. Reconnect your computer and peripherals to
their power sources, and turn them on.
As the system boots, it detects the presence of the
new microprocessor and automatically changes the
system configuration information in the System
Setup program.
14. Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program, and
check that the PROCESSOR 1 and PROCESSOR 2 categories match the new system configuration.
See Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup Program,”
in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
15. Run the system diagnostics to verify that the new
microprocessor is operating correctly.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,”
for information.
Replacing the Battery
The system battery maintains system configuration, date,
and time information in a special section of memory
when the system is turned off.
The operating life of the battery ranges from two to five
years, depending on how the system is used (for example,
if the system is on most of the time, the battery gets little
use and thus lasts longer). The battery may need replacing if an incorrect time or date is displayed during the
boot routine along with a message such as:
Time-of-day not set — please run SETUP
program
Strike the F1 key to continue, F2 to run
the setup utility
or
Invalid configuration information — please
run SETUP program
Strike the F1 key to continue, F2 to run
the setup utility
To determine if the battery needs replacing, reenter the
time and date through the System Setup program. Turn
off the system for a few hours, and then turn it on again.
Enter the System Setup program. If the date and time are
not correct in the System Setup program, replace the
battery.
NOTES: Some software may cause the system time to
speed up or slow down. If the system seems to operate
normally except for the time kept in the System Setup program, the problem may be caused by software rather than
by a defective battery.
If the system is turned off for long periods of time (for
weeks or months), the NVRAM may lose its system configuration information. This situation is not caused by a
defective battery.
The system can be operated without a battery; however,
the system configuration information maintained by the
battery in NVRAM is erased each time the computer is
turned off. Therefore, the system configuration information must be reentered and the options reset each time the
system boots until the battery is replaced.
The battery is a 3.0-volt (V), coin-cell CR2450-type battery. To remove the battery, follow these steps:
1.
If possible, enter the System Setup program and
make a printed copy of the system setup screens.
See Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup Program,”
in the system User’s Guide for instructions.
8-10
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
2.
Remove the left computer cover.
5.
Replace the left computer cover, reconnect the
computer and peripherals to their power sources,
and turn them on.
6.
Enter the System Setup program to confirm that
the battery is operating properly.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
3.
4.
Enter the correct time and date through the System
Setup program’s TIME and DATE categories. Also
reenter any system configuration information that is
no longer displayed on the system setup screens, and
then exit the System Setup program.
Remove the battery.
Pry the battery out of its socket with your fingers or a
blunt, nonconductive object, such as a plastic
screwdriver.
7.
Turn the computer and peripherals off, and leave
them off for at least an hour.
Install the new battery with the “+” side facing up
(see Figure 8-11).
8.
After an hour, turn on the system and enter the
System Setup program. If the time and date are
still incorrect, see Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for
instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
battery
BATTERY socket
Figure 8-11. Battery Removal
Installing System Board Options
8-11
8-12
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 9
Installing Drives in the External Bays
T
he external drive bays at the front of the Dell PowerEdge 4100 system hold up to four user-accessible, halfheight 5.25- or 3.5-inch devices, typically diskette, tape,
CD-ROM, or digital audio tape (DAT) drives. A 3.5-inch
diskette drive and small computer system interface
(SCSI) CD-ROM drive are standard in the first and second drive bays. The diskette drive is controlled by the
system board’s built-in diskette drive controller, whereas
the CD-ROM drive is connected to the system board’s
built-in Ultra/Narrow SCSI controller. Two additional
drives of your choice can be installed in the lower two
external drive bays. See Figure 9-1 for a general view of
the various drives, control cables, and power cables in the
external drive bays.
DC power cable
diskette drive
diskette/tape
drive interface
cable
SCSI CD-ROM drive
Ultra/Narrow
SCSI cable
diskette/tape drive interface
connector (FLOPPY)
Ultra/Narrow SCSI host adapter
connector (SCSI CD-ROM)
Figure 9-1. External Drive Bay Hardware
Installing Drives in the External Bays
9-1
Before You Begin
This chapter describes how to install the following
options:
•
Drives that use the computer’s built-in diskette drive
controller.
•
Tape drives that use a controller card
tabs
NOTE: If you are installing a SCSI hard-disk drive, see
Chapter 10, “Installing Drives in the Internal Bays.”
In order to remove or install drives in the external bays,
you must remove the computer covers and front bezel
according to the instructions in “Removing the Computer
Covers” and “Removing the Front Bezel” in Chapter 7.
To protect the inside of the computer from foreign particles, a plastic front-panel insert covers each empty
external drive bay. Before you install a drive in an empty
bay, you must first remove the front-panel insert.
Figure 9-2. Removing a Front-Panel Insert
Whenever you remove a drive, be sure to replace the
front-panel insert over the empty bay.
Connecting the Drive
Removing and Replacing Front-Panel
Inserts
To remove the front-panel insert for a drive bay you
intend to use, first remove the front bezel as instructed in
“Removing the Front Bezel” in Chapter 7. Then, facing
the inside of the front bezel, press against the center of
the insert with your thumbs until the insert bows sufficiently to loosen the tabs on the sides of the insert (see
Figure 9-2). Pull the insert out of the bezel.
This section describes the power input connectors and
interface connectors on the backs of most drives.
Figure 9-3 shows the 4-pin power input connector, where
you connect a direct current (DC) power cable from the
system power supply or optional power-supply paralleling board.
power input connector
on the drive
To replace a front-panel insert, position the insert over
the bay opening from the inside of the front bezel and
carefully press the insert into place. A tab on each side of
the insert snaps into a corresponding latch on the inside
of the front bezel.
DC power cable (from
the power supply)
Figure 9-3. Power Connectors
9-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
The power connectors are keyed to avoid incorrect insertion; do not force two connectors together if they do not
fit properly.
A ribbon cable (see Figure 9-4) functions as the interface
cable for most types of drives.
pull tab
key
(blocked hole)
colored strip on
ribbon cable
Each drive in the external drive bays must connect to a
4-wire DC power cable from the system power supply or
optional power-supply paralleling board. The connectors
on this cable are labeled “FD1,” “FD2,” “FD3,” “FD4,”
and “FD5.” Connectors FD1 through FD4 are used for
5.25-inch devices, whereas connector FD5 is used for the
standard 3.5-inch diskette drive. Before connecting a
drive to a power cable, refer to Figure 9-5 to identify the
correct cable connector to use for the drive.
system board
connector
interface connector
header connector
DC Power Cables
key (cut-off pin)
5.25-inch drive
connector
system board
connector
3.5-inch drive
connector
Figure 9-4. Header Connector
Figure 9-5. DC Power Cable Connectors
Most interface connectors are keyed for correct insertion;
that is, a notch or a missing pin on one connector matches
a tab or a filled-in hole on the other connector. Keying
ensures that the pin-1 wire in the cable (indicated by the
colored strip along one edge of the cable) goes to the
pin-1 ends of the connectors on both ends. A header connector is usually keyed by the omission of one of its pins
with the corresponding hole filled in on the connector on
the cable (see Figure 9-4).
Installing SCSI Devices in the
CAUTION: When connecting an interface cable,
do not reverse the interface cable (do not place the
colored strip away from pin 1 of the connector).
Reversing the cable prevents the drive from operating and could damage the controller, the drive,
or both.
External Bays
SCSI devices in the external drive bay (such as CD-ROM
drives and tape drives) are controlled by the Ultra/
Narrow SCSI controller on the system board.
SCSI Configuration Information
Although SCSI devices are installed essentially the same
way as other devices, their configuration requirements
are different. To configure SCSI devices installed in the
external bays, follow the guidelines in the following
subsections.
Installing Drives in the External Bays
9-3
SCSI ID Numbers
Each device attached to the Ultra/Narrow SCSI host
adapter must have a unique SCSI identification (ID)
number from 0 to 7.
When SCSI devices are shipped from Dell, the default
SCSI ID numbers are assigned as follows:
•
The computer’s built-in Ultra/Narrow SCSI host
adapter is configured through the basic input/output
system (BIOS) as SCSI ID 7.
•
A SCSI tape drive is configured as SCSI ID 6 (the
default ID number for a tape drive).
•
A SCSI CD-ROM drive is usually configured as
SCSI ID 5.
NOTE: There is no requirement that SCSI ID numbers be
assigned sequentially or that devices be attached to the cable in
order by ID number.
The standard SCSI CD-ROM drive is configured as the
last device on the SCSI cable. Therefore, any additional
devices attached to the cable should have their terminators disabled.
See the documentation provided with the SCSI device for
information on disabling the device’s terminator.
SCSI Cable
CAUTION: Dell recommends that you use
only SCSI cables purchased from Dell. SCSI
cables purchased elsewhere are not guaranteed
to work reliably with the Dell PowerEdge 4100
systems.
The 50-pin Ultra/Narrow SCSI cable has five connectors:
•
SCSI logic requires that the two devices at opposite ends
of the SCSI chain be terminated and that all devices in
between be unterminated.
The connector at the end of the cable farthest away
from the other four connectors attaches to the SCSI
host adapter connector labeled “SCSI CD-ROM” on
the system board.
•
The four connectors on the cable attach to devices in
the external drive bays.
Before installing SCSI devices in the computer, you must
configure the terminators on the SCSI device(s) to conform to the following guidelines:
Installing a SCSI Device
Device Termination
•
A single SCSI device (such as the standard
CD-ROM drive) is terminated.
•
If two or more SCSI devices are installed, connect
the devices as follows:
— Attach one of the devices to the end connector on the
SCSI cable, and leave the terminator enabled on that
device.
— The other end of the SCSI cable connects to the computer’s built-in Ultra/Narrow SCSI host adapter or to an
optional SCSI host adapter card.
— Disable the terminators on all other devices you attach
to the cable.
9-4
To install an external SCSI device that uses the built-in
Ultra/Narrow SCSI controller, follow these steps:
1.
Prepare the drive for installation.
Ground yourself by touching an unpainted metal surface on the back of the computer, unpack the drive,
and compare the jumper and switch settings with
those in the drive documentation. (See “SCSI Configuration Information” found earlier in this chapter
for information on setting the drive’s SCSI ID number and enabling termination [if required].) Change
any settings necessary for this system’s configuration.
If the drive does not already have drive rails
attached, attach a drive rail to each side of the drive.
Orient the drive rails as shown in Figure 9-6. Secure
each drive rail to the drive with a screw in each of
the lower slotted screw holes on the drive rail.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
3.
Slide the new drive into its bay until it snaps
securely into place.
If necessary, you can adjust drive alignment by
repositioning one or both rails.
4.
Figure 9-6. Attaching Drive Rails
2.
Connect a DC power cable and one of the connectors on the Ultra/Narrow SCSI cable to the back
of the drive (see Figure 9-7).
If other installed drives are in the way, temporarily
move them out of the way. Press in on the plastic
drive rails at the front of the bay to disengage a
drive, and then slide the drive slightly toward the
front of the chassis.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” and “Removing the Front Bezel” in Chapter 7.
Refer to “DC Power Cables” (found earlier in this
chapter) to determine the correct DC power cable
connector to use for the drive. Plug the DC power
cable connector into the 4-pin power input connector
on the back of the drive.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Select the connector on the Ultra/Narrow SCSI cable
that most easily reaches the new SCSI device, and
press the interface cable connector firmly into the
drive’s interface connector.
Remove the computer covers and front bezel.
If you moved other drives at the beginning of this
step, snap them back into place.
Installing Drives in the External Bays
9-5
DC power cable
SCSI CD-ROM drive
Ultra/Narrow
SCSI cable
Ultra/Narrow SCSI host adapter
connector (SCSI CD-ROM)
Figure 9-7. Cable Connections for a SCSI Device in the External Drive Bays
5.
6.
Check all cable connections that may have been
loosened during this procedure. Arrange cables
so they will not catch on the computer cover or
block the airflow of the fans or cooling vents.
If a front-panel insert on the computer cover
blocks the bay in which you installed the drive,
remove the insert.
See “Removing and Replacing Front-Panel Inserts”
found earlier in this chapter.
7.
Replace the front bezel and computer covers.
8.
Reconnect the computer and peripherals to their
power sources, and turn them on.
9.
Test the SCSI devices.
To test a SCSI tape drive, refer to the documentation
for the tape drive software to perform a tape drive
backup and verification test.
Installing an Internal Tape Drive That
Uses a Controller Card
Tape drives that require their own separate controller
cards are shipped with the controller card and an interface cable. Install the drive in the third or bottom bay of
the upper drive cage by performing the following steps:
1.
Configure the controller card if necessary.
Refer to the documentation accompanying the tape
drive and the card. If the card incorporates jumpers
9-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
or switches that must be set to work with the system,
verify or change the settings as necessary.
2.
Remove the computer covers and front bezel.
10. If a front-panel insert on the computer cover
blocks the bay in which you installed the drive,
remove the insert.
See “Removing and Replacing Front-Panel Inserts”
found earlier in this chapter.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” and “Removing the Front Bezel” in Chapter 7.
11. Replace the computer bezel and covers.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
3.
Slide the new drive into its bay until it snaps
securely into place.
12. Reconnect the computer and peripherals to their
power sources, and turn them on.
13. Perform a tape backup and verification test with
the drive as instructed in the tape-drive software
documentation that came with the drive.
If the controller card is an ISA or EISA expansion
card, run the EISA Configuration Utility and update
the system configuration. See Chapter 5, “Using the
EISA Configuration Utility,” in the User’s Guide for
instructions on running the utility and saving the
configuration information.
If necessary, you can adjust drive alignment by
repositioning one or both rails.
4.
Install the controller card in an expansion slot.
See “Installing an Expansion Card” in Chapter 8.
5.
Connect a DC power cable to the tape drive.
If other installed drives are in the way, disengage
them by pressing in on the plastic drive rails at the
front of the bay, and slide them slightly toward the
front of the chassis.
Refer to “DC Power Cables” found earlier in this
chapter to determine which DC power cable connector to use. Plug the DC power cable connector into
the 4-pin power input connector on the back of the
drive.
6.
7.
Attach the interface cable that came with the
drive kit to the card-edge connector on the back
of the drive.
Route the other end of the interface cable through
a cutout in the center wall of the chassis to the
controller card, and connect the interface cable to
the controller connector on the card.
Refer to the controller card’s documentation to identify the controller connector on the card.
8.
If you moved other drives in step 5, snap them
back into place.
9.
Check all cable connections that may have been
loosened during this procedure. Arrange cables
so they will not catch on the computer cover or
block the airflow of the fans or cooling vents.
NOTE: You do not need to update the system configuration
information for a tape drive attached to its own controller
card.
Installing an External Tape Drive That
Uses a Controller Card
Complete the following procedure to install an external
tape drive that uses a controller card and shielded interface/DC power cable:
1.
Prepare the tape drive and controller card for
installation.
Ground yourself by touching an unpainted metal surface on the back of the computer. Unpack the tape
drive and controller card, and configure them for the
system according to the instructions in the documentation that came with the tape drive.
2.
Remove the left computer cover.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
Installing Drives in the External Bays
9-7
3.
Install the controller card in an expansion slot.
6.
Reconnect the computer and peripherals to their
power sources, and turn them on.
7.
Perform a tape backup and verification test with
the drive as instructed in the tape-drive software
documentation that came with the drive.
See “Installing an Expansion Card” in Chapter 8.
4.
Replace the left computer cover.
5.
Connect the tape drive’s interface/DC power
cable to the external connector on the controller
card; secure the connection by tightening the
screws on the connector.
9-8
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 10
Installing Drives in the Internal Bays
T
his chapter describes how to install and configure
small computer system interface (SCSI) hard-disk drives
in the computer’s six internal drive bays. (See Chapter 9,
“Installing Drives in the External Bays,” for information
on installing SCSI CD-ROM drives and tape drives in the
external drive bays.)
Dell PowerEdge 4100 systems include a SCSI backplane
board, which greatly simplifies cabling and configuration
for SCSI hard-disk drives. All SCSI identification (ID)
and termination for SCSI hard-disk drives are configured
by the SCSI backplane board, rather than on individual
drives.
In the standard Dell PowerEdge 4100 system configuration, the Ultra/Wide SCSI host adapter on the system
board controls the SCSI backplane board. When used in
combination with an optional PowerEdge Expandable
RAID Controller host adapter card, the SCSI backplane
board allows you to remove and insert hard-disk drives
without shutting down the system—an invaluable feature
for servers that contain important data and programs for
an entire network of users. You can replace a failed drive
without forcing all users on the network to log off and
lose valuable time and possibly data. See “Removing and
Inserting a SCSI Hard-Disk Drive With the System Running” found later in this chapter for details.
CAUTION: Removing and installing hard-disk
drives with the system running is not supported for
systems without a PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card. Removing a drive will result in
a loss of data.
Figure 10-1 illustrates the internal drive bays, SCSI backplane board, and the Ultra/Wide SCSI cable. The Ultra/
Wide SCSI cable has two connectors:
•
The connector at one end attaches to the SCSI host
adapter connector labeled “SCSI BACKPLANE” on
the system board or to an optional SCSI host adapter
card such as the PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card.
•
The connector at the other end of the cable attaches
to the connector labeled “SCSI” on the SCSI backplane board.
Installing Drives in the Internal Bays
10-1
SCSI hard-disk drive
bays (6)
SCSI backplane board
Ultra/Wide SCSI
interface cable
Ultra/Wide SCSI host
adapter connector
(SCSI BACKPLANE)
Figure 10-1. Internal Drive Hardware
Installing SCSI Hard-Disk Drives
in the Internal Drive Bays
SCSI hard-disk drives are supplied by Dell in special
drive carriers that fit in the internal drive bays (see Figure 10-2). The printed circuit board at the back of the
drive carrier acts as an interface between the SCSI harddisk drive and the SCSI backplane board.
NOTE: Dell recommends that you use only drives that
Dell has tested and approved for use with the SCSI backplane board.
10-2
SCSI Hard-Disk Drive Configuration
The SCSI backplane board provides termination for the
SCSI bus. None of the drives connected to the SCSI
backplane board should have their termination enabled.
All SCSI ID numbers for the drives are set by the SCSI
backplane board.
Removing and Installing a SCSI
Hard-Disk Drive
The following subsections describe how to remove or
install SCSI hard-disk drive carriers in the computer’s
internal drive bays.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Removing a SCSI Hard-Disk Drive
Remove a SCSI hard-disk drive from an internal drive
bay as follows:
1.
If a PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller
host adapter card is not installed in the computer,
turn off the system.
2.
Release the carrier by pulling down the plastic
drive handle. Slide the carrier toward you until it
is free of the drive bay.
Installing a SCSI Hard-Disk Drive
Install a SCSI hard-disk drive in an internal drive bay as
follows:
1.
If a PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller
host adapter card is not installed in the computer,
turn off the system.
2.
Position the drive with its carrier side down and
insert it, connector end first, into the bay (see Figure 10-2).
3.
Holding the drive carrier by its sides, slide the
drive into the bay.
4.
When the pins on the drive carrier handle contact
the drive bay, lift the handle to draw the drive
carrier into the bay and lock the drive in place.
5.
Install any required SCSI device drivers.
See Chapter 3, “Installing and Configuring SCSI
Drivers,” in the User’s Guide for information.
6.
Test the SCSI devices.
Run the SCSI Devices Test Group in the system
diagnostics. See Chapter 5, “Running the System
Diagnostics.”
Figure 10-2. Installing a SCSI Hard-Disk Drive
Carrier
Removing and Inserting a SCSI HardDisk Drive With the System Running
If the Dell PowerEdge 4100 system has a PowerEdge
Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card installed
and connected to the SCSI backplane board, you can
remove and insert SCSI hard-disk drives while the system is running.
Before attempting to remove or insert a drive while the
system is running, see the documentation for the Poweredge Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card to
ensure that the SCSI host adapter is configured correctly
to support drive removal and insertion.
CAUTION: Removing and installing SCSI harddisk drives with the system running is not
supported for systems without a PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host adapter. Removing a drive
in this situation will result in a loss of data.
Installing Drives in the Internal Bays
10-3
SCSI Hard-Disk Drive Indicator Patterns
The three light-emitting diode (LED) indicators adjacent
to each of the six SCSI hard-disk drive bays provide
information on the status of the SCSI hard-disk drives.
The SCSI backplane firmware controls the drive online
and drive fault indicators, whereas the drive access indicator is usually controlled by the drive itself.
Table 10-1 lists the various drive indicator patterns. Different patterns are displayed as drive events occur. For
example, in the event of a hard-disk drive failure, the
“drive failed” pattern appears. After the drive is selected
for removal, the “drive being prepared for removal” pattern appears, followed by the “drive ready for removal”
pattern. After the replacement drive is installed, the
“drive being prepared for operation” pattern appears,
then the “drive online” pattern.
Table 10-1. SCSI Hard-Disk Drive Indicator
Patterns
Condition
Indicator Pattern
Identify drive
All three drive status indicators
flash simultaneously.
Removing a SCSI Hard-Disk Drive With the
System Running
Remove a SCSI hard-disk drive as follows:
1.
Wait until the drive status indicators adjacent to
the drive bay signal that the drive may be
removed safely.
If the drive has been online, the three drive indicators will flash sequentially as the drive is powered
down. When all three indicators are turned off, the
drive is ready for removal.
2.
Remove the hard-disk drive.
Follow the instructions in “Removing a SCSI HardDisk Drive,” found earlier in this chapter.
Inserting a SCSI Hard-Disk Drive With the
System Running
Insert a SCSI hard-disk drive as follows:
1.
Remove the drive or empty carrier from the drive
bay as described in the previous subsection.
2.
Insert the “new” drive carrier into the bay.
Drive being prepared for removal
The three drive status indicators
flash sequentially.
Follow the instructions in “Installing a SCSI HardDisk Drive” found earlier in this chapter.
Drive ready for
insertion or
removal
All three indicators are off.
The drive online indicator turns on.
Drive being prepared for operation
The drive online indicator is on.
The drive activity indicator may
flash briefly.
RAID Controller Host Adapter Card
Drive bay empty
All three indicators are off.
Use the following procedure to install the PowerEdge
Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card:
Drive predicted
failure
The drive online indicator turns
off. The drive fault indicator
blinks on briefly each second.
Drive failed
The drive online indicator turns
off. The drive fault indicator
blinks off briefly each second.
Drive rebuilding
The drive online indicator
blinks rapidly.
Drive online
The online indicator is on.
10-4
Installing a PowerEdge Expandable
1.
Unpack the PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card, and prepare it for
installation.
Refer to the documentation accompanying the host
adapter card.
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
2.
Remove the computer cover.
6.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7.
To identify the correct connector, refer to documentation for the PowerEdge Expandable RAID
Controller host adapter card.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
3.
Remove the Ultra/Wide SCSI cable from the
computer.
•
•
4.
One end of the cable attaches to the SCSI host
adapter connector labeled “SCSI BACKPLANE” on the system board.
5.
NOTES: If you will be attaching external SCSI devices
using the external SCSI connection slots on the computer’s back panel, follow steps 7 through 10.
If SCSI devices are connected using the external SCSI
connection slots, Ultra SCSI mode is not supported.
7.
The cable’s other end attaches to the connector
labeled “SCSI” on the SCSI backplane board.
Install the PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host adapter card in one of the peripheral
component interconnect (PCI) expansion slots.
See “Installing an Expansion Card” in Chapter 8.
Connect the new Ultra/Wide SCSI cable provided
in the PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller
kit to the connector labeled “SCSI” on the SCSI
backplane board (see Figure 10-3).
Connect the other end of the SCSI cable to the
PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller host
adapter card.
Connect the SCSI external access cable from the
host adapter kit to the Ultra/Wide SCSI host
adapter connector (labeled “SCSI BACKPLANE”) on the system board.
See the documentation that came with each device
for information on cabling that device as part of a
daisy chain.
8.
Attach the other end of the SCSI external access
cable to the computer’s back panel. If you are
attaching multiple external SCSI devices, daisychain the devices to each other using the cables
shipped with each device (see Figure 10-4).
Installing Drives in the Internal Bays
10-5
Ultra/Wide SCSI host
adapter
connector (SCSI
BACKPLANE)
SCSI external
access cable
SCSI hard-disk
drive bays (6)
SCSI backplane
board
Ultra/Wide SCSI
interface cable to
SCSI backplane
PowerEdge
Expandable RAID
Controller host
adapter card
Figure 10-3. Cable Configuration for a PowerEdge Expandable RAID Controller Host Adapter Card
10-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Configuring the Boot Device
external SCSI
devices
computer
Figure 10-4. Daisy-Chaining External SCSI
Devices
9.
Replace the computer cover, and reconnect the
computer and peripherals to their power sources.
10. Connect the external device(s) to power.
For each external device, plug the socket end of the
power cable into the alternating current (AC) power
receptacle on the back of the device. Plug the other
end of the power cable into an AC power source.
11. Install any required SCSI device drivers.
See Chapter 3, “Installing and Configuring SCSI
Drivers,” in the system User’s Guide for information and instructions.
If the user plans to boot the system from a hard-disk
drive, the drive must be attached to the primary (or boot)
controller or SCSI host adapter card. The primary controller is automatically determined by the specific system
configuration according to the following general
guidelines:
•
If the PCI SCAN SEQUENCE category in the System
Setup program is set to EMBEDDED FIRST, the builtin Ultra/Wide host adapter is the primary controller.
•
If the PCI SCAN SEQUENCE category in the System
Setup program is set to SLOT DEVICES FIRST, the
system boots from a SCSI host adapter card in an
expansion slot. If more than one SCSI host adapter
card is installed, the boot order is determined by the
particular expansion slot the card is installed in. In
descending order of precedence, the boot order for
the Dell PowerEdge 4100 system is PC15, PCI4,
PCI8, PCI7, and PCI6.
Partitioning and Formatting SCSI
Hard-Disk Drives
You may need to use different programs than those provided with the operating system to partition and format
SCSI hard-disk drives. See Chapter 3, “Installing and
Configuring SCSI Drivers,” in the system User’s Guide
for information and instructions.
12. Test the SCSI devices.
Test a SCSI hard-disk drive by running the SCSI
Devices Test Group in the system diagnostics. See
Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,” for
information.
To test a SCSI tape drive, also refer to the documentation for the tape drive software to perform a tape
drive backup and verification test.
Installing Drives in the Internal Bays
10-7
10-8
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 11
Getting Help
T
his chapter describes the tools Dell provides to help
you when you have a problem with a computer system. It
also tells you when and how to call Dell Computer Corporation for technical or customer assistance in the
following situations:
•
•
•
If you need to return an item for warranty repair or
credit, read “Returning Items for Warranty Repair or
Credit” found later in this chapter.
If you would like to place an order or need information about additional products available from Dell,
call Dell at the appropriate telephone number listed
in “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this
chapter.
Technical Assistance
If you need assistance with a technical problem, perform
the following steps:
1.
3.
Review the documentation that accompanied the
Dell system.
To decide which document has the answers you
need, consult the Preface of the system
documentation.
Make a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist (found
in Appendix A), and fill it out.
NOTE: Save the Diagnostics Checklist in Appendix A as a master so you can use it to make copies as
needed.
If you are looking for information about a specific
subject or about Dell’s services, read “Help Tools”
found later in this chapter.
If you have a problem with an order, read “Problems
With an Order” found later in this chapter.
Run the diagnostics for the Dell system.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,”
for instructions on using the system diagnostics.
If you have a technical problem, read the next section, “Technical Assistance.”
•
•
2.
On the Diagnostics Checklist, document any error
messages or beep codes as they occur so you can
inform the Dell technician of them. Describe what
you were doing when the error occurred. Note the
steps you have taken to solve the problem.
4.
Use the AutoTech service for help with installation and troubleshooting procedures.
For instructions on using the AutoTech service, see
“AutoTech Service” found later in this chapter.
5.
If the preceding steps have not resolved the problem and you need to talk to a Dell technician, you
can call Dell’s customer technical support service.
For instructions on using the technical support service, see “Technical Support Service” found later in
this chapter.
Help Tools
Dell provides a number of tools to assist you. Table 11-1
lists subjects you may want information about, tasks you
Getting Help
11-1
may want to perform, and the tool(s) you can use for
help. Each tool is described later in this section.
Table 11-1. Help Tools
Subject or Task
Tool
BIOS revisions
TechConnect BBS
Frequently asked questions
AutoTech service
Information about Dell, its products, and its services
TechFax service, World Wide Web on the Internet
Installation instructions
Installation and Troubleshooting Guide, technical support
service, AutoTech service
Interrupt maps
TechFax service
Ordering parts
Technical support service, TechConnect BBS
Software update information
TechFax service
System board layouts
TechFax service, Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Technical notes on system compatibility and revisions
TechFax service
Technical training class information
TechFax service
Technical specifications
TechFax service, User’s Guide
Troubleshooting, step-by-step instructions
Installation and Troubleshooting Guide, Dell system diagnostics, AutoTech service
Unresolved problems requiring assistance from a Dell
technician
Technical support service, TechConnect BBS
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
System Documentation
The system documentation shipped with the system
includes information about installing hardware, software
support utilities, and video drivers and about using the
System Setup program.
•
ftp.dell.com/
Log in as user: anonymous, and use your
e-mail address as your password.
•
•
World Wide Web
Electronic Support Service
support@dell.com
World Wide Web on the Internet
Dell can be accessed electronically on the Internet via a
World Wide Web site, a file transfer protocol (FTP) site,
and electronic mail (e-mail) using the following
addresses:
Anonymous FTP
•
Electronic Quote Service
sales@dell.com
•
Electronic Information Service
info@dell.com
http://www.dell.com/
11-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Commercial Online Services
Dell can also be accessed electronically via commercial
online services, such as CompuServe®, PRODIGY®,
America Online, and the Microsoft Network, by using
the following addresses:
•
CompuServe
Type GO DELL.
•
PRODIGY
Select MANUFACTURER’S CORNER; then select DELL.
•
America Online
Use the keyword DELL.
•
Microsoft Network
From the Edit menu, select GO TO, select OTHER
PLACES, and then type DELL.
Dell Diagnostics Program
Every Dell computer comes with Dell diagnostics that
can help you determine what is wrong with the computer
when it does not operate correctly. This program provides
valuable information for you and for Dell technicians
should you need to call Dell.
See Chapter 5, “Running the System Diagnostics,” for
instructions on using the diagnostics. You can use this
diagnostic program to test major components or devices
in the computer, if it can boot.
AutoTech Service
Dell’s automated technical support service—AutoTech—
provides recorded answers to the questions most frequently asked by Dell customers.
When you call AutoTech, you use your touch-tone telephone to select the subjects that correspond to your
questions. You can even interrupt an AutoTech session
and continue the session later. The code number that the
AutoTech service gives you allows you to continue your
session where you ended it.
The information available through AutoTech includes:
•
Specifications and prices for Dell computers currently on sale
•
Installation instructions for Dell computers and
peripherals
•
Answers to questions about the Microsoft Windows
3.x operating systems
•
Help in troubleshooting Dell computers
The AutoTech service is available 24 hours a day, seven
days a week. You can also access this service through the
technical support service. For the telephone number to
call, see “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this
chapter.
NOTE: AutoTech is not always available in all locations
outside the continental U.S. Please call your local Dell
representative for information on availability.
TechFax Service
Dell takes full advantage of fax technology to serve you
better. Twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, you
can call the Dell TechFax line toll-free for all kinds of
technical information.
Using a touch-tone phone, you can select from a full
directory of topics. The technical information you request
is sent within minutes to the fax number you designate.
TechFax information includes:
•
Interrupt maps, system board layouts, and
specifications.
•
Technical notes on system compatibility and
revisions.
•
News on updates for operating systems and application programs.
•
Descriptions of available technical training classes.
For Dell-certified technicians, TechFax offers information such as parts lists, drawings, and maintenance
and repair data.
For the TechFax telephone number, see “Dell Contact
Numbers” found later in this chapter.
NOTE: TechFax is not always available in all locations
outside the continental U.S. Please call your local Dell
representative for information on availability.
TechConnect BBS
Use a modem to access Dell’s TechConnect BBS
24 hours a day, seven days a week. The service is menudriven and fully interactive. The modem settings for the
BBS are 8 bit, no parity, 1 stop bit.
Getting Help
11-3
You can use the BBS to do the following:
•
•
Send questions to a Dell technician
•
•
Order parts
•
Download updates
Request a follow-up call or leave a message for a
Dell technical support specialist
Download basic input/output system (BIOS) and
video driver upgrades
For the BBS telephone number, see “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this chapter.
NOTE: The TechConnect BBS is not always available in
all locations outside the continental U.S. Please call your
local Dell representative for information on availability.
Automated Order-Status System
You can call this automated service to check on the status
of any Dell products that you have ordered. A recording
prompts you for the information needed to locate and
report on your order. For the telephone number to call,
see “Dell Contact Numbers” found later in this chapter.
Technical Support Service
Dell’s industry-leading hardware technical support service is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, for the
life of the system. At any hour of any day, a Dell technical expert is ready with the answers to your questions
about Dell hardware.
Our technical support staff pride themselves on their
track record: more than 90 percent of all problems and
questions are taken care of in just one toll-free call, usually in less than ten minutes. When you call, our experts
can refer to records we keep on your specific Dell system
to better understand your particular question. Our technical support staff use computer-based diagnostics to
provide fast, accurate answers to your questions.
Make sure the computer’s system documentation is available. You should also have a flat-blade screwdriver or a
quarter-inch nut driver available.
WARNING: If you need to remove the computer
covers, be sure to first disconnect the computer system’s power and modem cables from all electrical
outlets.
To contact Dell’s technical support service, call the number for your country as listed in “Dell Contact Numbers”
found later in this chapter. (For information about receiving technical assistance in the U.K., refer to the Placing a
Service Call card that came with the computer.)
NOTE: Technical support services may vary outside the
continental U.S. Contact your local Dell representative
for more information.
Problems With an Order
If you have a problem with an order, such as missing
parts, wrong parts, or incorrect billing, contact Dell Computer Corporation for customer assistance. Have the
invoice or packing slip handy when you call. For the telephone number to call, see “Dell Contact Numbers” found
later in this chapter.
Product Information
If you need information about additional products available from Dell Computer Corporation, or if you would
like to place an order, a sales specialist will be glad to
help. For the telephone number to call, see “Dell Contact
Numbers” found later in this chapter.
If possible, turn the system on before you call Dell and
call from a telephone at or near the computer. You may
be asked to type some commands at the keyboard, relay
detailed information during operations, or try other troubleshooting steps possible only at the computer itself.
11-4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Returning Items for Warranty
Repair or Credit
Prepare all items being returned, whether for repair or
credit, as follows:
1.
Call Dell to obtain an authorization number, and
write it clearly and prominently on the outside of
the box.
For the telephone number to call, see “Dell Contact
Numbers” found later in this chapter.
2.
Include a copy of the invoice and a letter describing the reason for the return.
3.
Include a copy of the Diagnostics Checklist indicating the tests you have run and any error
messages reported by the Dell diagnostics.
4.
Include any accessories that belong with the
item(s) being returned (power cables, software
diskettes, guides, and so on) if the return is for
credit.
5.
Pack the equipment to be returned in the original
(or equivalent) packing materials.
Include return shipping expenses. You are responsible for insuring any product returned, and you
assume the risk of loss during shipment to Dell Computer Corporation. Collect on delivery (C.O.D.)
packages are not accepted.
Dell Contact Numbers
When you need to contact Dell, use the telephone numbers and codes provided in Tables 11-2 and 11-3.
Table 11-2 provides the various codes required to make
long-distance and international calls. Table 11-3 provides
local telephone numbers, area codes, and toll-free numbers, if applicable, for each department or service
available in various countries around the world. If you
are making a direct-dialed call to a location outside of
your local telephone service area, determine which codes
to use (if any) in Table 11-2 in addition to the local numbers provided in Table 11-3. For example, to place an
international call from Paris, France to Bracknell,
England, dial the international access code for France followed by the country code for the U.K., the city code for
Bracknell, and then the local number as shown in the following illustration.
19
44
International
Access Code
(in France)
Country
Code
(for U.K.)
1344
City Code
(Bracknell)
________
Local
Number
To place a long-distance call within your own country,
use area codes instead of international access codes,
country codes, and city codes. For example, to call Paris,
France from Montpellier, France, dial the area code plus
the local number as shown in the following illustration.
16 1
Area Code
(for Paris from
outside Paris)
________
Local
Number
The codes required depend on where you are calling from
as well as the destination of your call; in addition, each
country has a different dialing protocol. If you need assistance in determining which codes to use, contact a local
or an international operator.
NOTE: Toll-free numbers are for use only within the
country for which they are listed. Area codes are most
often used to call long distance within your own country
(not internationally)—in other words, when your call
originates in the same country you are calling.
Getting Help
11-5
Table 11-2. International Dialing Codes
Country (City)
International
Access Code
Country Code
City Code
Australia (Sydney)
0011
61
2
Austria (Vienna)
900
43
1
Belgium (Brussels)
00
32
2
Canada (North York, Ontario)
011
—
Not required
Czech Republic (Prague)
00
42
2
Denmark (Horsholm)
009
45
Not required
Finland (Helsinki)
990
358
0
France (Paris) (Montpellier)
19
33
(1) (67)
Germany (Langen)
00
49
6103
Hong Kong
001
852
Not required
Ireland (Bray)
16
353
1
Italy (Milan)
00
39
2
Japan (Tokyo)
001
81
3
Korea (Seoul)
001
82
2
Luxembourg
00
—
—
Malaysia (Penang)
007
60
—
Mexico (Colonia Granada)
95
52
5
Netherlands (Amsterdam)
00
31
20
New Zealand
00
64
—
Norway (Lysaker)
095
47
Not required
Poland (Warsaw)
011
48
22
Singapore (Singapore)
005
65
Not required
South Africa (Johannesburg)
09/091
27
11
11-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 11-2. International Dialing Codes (Continued)
Country (City)
International
Access Code
Country Code
City Code
Spain (Madrid)
07
34
1
Sweden (Upplands Vasby)
009
46
8
Switzerland (Geneva)
00
41
22
U.K. (Bracknell)
010
44
1344
U.S. (Austin, Texas)
011
1
Not required
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
Australia
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-808-378
(Sydney)
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-819-339
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-808-312
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-818-341
Austria*
(Vienna)
Belgium*
(Brussels)
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0224334100-0
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0660-8779
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 14856
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .466 91 99
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 16884
SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .466 47 89
TechFax (International call to the Netherlands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .00 31 206829106
TechConnect BBS (International call to the Netherlands). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .00 31 206866504
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
Getting Help
11-7
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
Canada
Automated Order-Status System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-433-9014
(North York, Ontario)
NOTE: Customers in
Canada call the
U.S. for access to
TechConnect BBS.
AutoTech (Automated technical support) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-247-9362
Customer Care (From outside Toronto). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5759
Customer Care (From within Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758-2400
Customer Technical Support
(From outside Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5757
Customer Technical Support
(From within Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758-2300
Customer Account Services
(Credit Return Authorization Numbers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5759
Sales (Direct sales—from outside Toronto). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5752
Sales (Direct sales—from within Toronto) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758-2200
Sales (Software and peripherals) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-667-7345
Sales (Federal government, education, and medical) . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-567-7542
Sales (Major accounts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-387-5755
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-8528
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-950-1329
Czech Republic*
(Prague)
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8728 221
Customer Service and Sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 879250
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66710274
*
11-8
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
Denmark*
(Horsholm)
Customer Care, Technical Support, and Sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 171 62
Finland*
(Helsinki)
Customer Support and Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800-534 55
France*
Technical Support (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 68 90
67 06 62 86
(Paris/Montpellier)
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800-33 55
Customer Care (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 69 39
Customer Care (Fax) (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 60 03
Customer Care (Fax) (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .06 60 03
TechFax (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 53 11
TechConnect BBS (Montpellier) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 53 04
Sales (Major accounts) (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 69 00
Direct Sales (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 68 50
47 62 68 68
Corporate Sales (Paris) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 62 69 00
Germany*
(Langen)
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-200
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-500
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-666
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06103 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 971-460
Hong Kong
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 4107
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 4109
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
Getting Help
11-9
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
Ireland*
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-850-543-543
(Bray)
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-850-235-235
SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 2020
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 6848
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 4761
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 4044
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 0500
Italy*
(Milan)
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .215.69.530
Japan
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5466-3386
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .215.69.444
(Tokyo)
toll free: 0120-1984-39
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 03-5466-4750
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 03-5466-6200
Korea
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 080-200-3800
(Seoul)
Customer Service and Sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 080-200-3600
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394 3122
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287 5600
Latin America
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-4093
NOTE: Customers in
Latin America call the
U.S. for sales and
technical assistance.
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-3619
Fax (Technical Support and Customer Service) . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-3883
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-4397
SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-4600
728-3772
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
11-10
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
Luxembourg*
Customer Technical Support (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 2109
NOTE: Customers in
Luxembourg call Belgium
for sales, customer
assistance, and technical
assistance, and they call
the Netherlands for the
SalesFax, TechFax, and
TechConnect BBS
services.
Customer Service (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .466 91 99
Malaysia
(Penang)
Mexico
(Colonia Granada)
NOTE: Customers in
Mexico call the U.S. for
access to the Automated
Order-Status System and
AutoTech.
Sales (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 0800 16884
SalesFax (Brussels, Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .466 47 89
TechFax (Amsterdam, Netherlands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .682 91 06
TechConnect BBS (Amsterdam, Netherlands) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .686 65 04
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 8298
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 8202
Automated Order-Status System (U.S.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-0685
AutoTech (U.S.) (Automated technical support) . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-0686
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7870
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7811
toll free: 91-800-900-37
toll free: 91-800-904-49
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7878
Main . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228-7800
Netherlands*
(Amsterdam)
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .toll free: 06-0996663
Direct Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .toll free: 06-0663
Direct SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 7171
Corporate Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 581 8818
Corporate SalesFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686 8003
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 9106
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 020 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686 6504
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
Getting Help
11-11
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
New Zealand
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0800 446 255
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .0800 441 567
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 800 441 566
Norway*
(Lysaker)
Customer Technical Support and Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-67 50 00
Poland*
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 620-7898
(Warsaw)
Singapore
(Singapore)
South Africa
(Johannesburg)
Southeast Asian/
Pacific Countries
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67-125 711
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 620-4584
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 6011 051
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 800 6011 054
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .011 447-7567
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .011 447 7549
Customer Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4 810-4977
(excluding Australia,
Hong Kong, Japan,
Malaysia, New Zealand,
and Singapore—see
individual listings for
these countries)
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4 810-4988
Spain*
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .902.100.130
(Madrid)
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329 10 80
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329 33 53
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .902.100.185
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329 10 80
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
11-12
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
Sweden*
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 199
(Upplands Vasby)
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 169
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 591
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 08 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .590 05 185
Switzerland*
(Geneva)
Technical Support (Swiss French) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .979 01 50
Technical Support (Swiss German) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .979 01 55
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .979 01 88
979 01 89
Customer Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 022 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .979 01 50
U.K.*
(Bracknell)
Customer Technical Support
(Dell Dimension™ systems) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720109
Customer Technical Support (Other systems) . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .723723
Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720110
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .723178
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .723858
Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01344 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .720000
*
For technical assistance in this country after normal working hours, use one of the following numbers:
(353-1) 204 4008 or (353-1) 286 5908 (English only—the call is rerouted to the U.S.).
Getting Help
11-13
Table 11-3. Dell Contact Numbers (Continued)
Area
Code
Local Number or
Toll-Free Number
Country
Department Name or Service
U.S.
Automated Order-Status System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-433-9014
(Austin, Texas)
AutoTech (Automated technical support) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-247-9362
Customer Technical Support
(Return Material Authorization Numbers—warranty repairs) . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-624-9896
Dell Customer Service
(Credit Return Authorization Numbers). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-624-9897
Dell Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-247-4618
DellWare® . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-753-7201
DellWare FaxBack Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-1681
Fee-Based Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-433-9005
Sales (Catalogs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-426-5150
Spare Parts Sales:
Dell Direct 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-274-1490
Major Accounts 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-357-3355
Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-727-8320
TechFax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . toll free: 1-800-950-1329
TechConnect BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728-8528
Switchboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338-4400
1
Use this telephone number if your call is about a system purchased for home, personal, or small-business use.
2
Use this telephone number if you are calling for an established Dell national account (have your account number handy), if you
work for a governmental agency (local, state, or federal), or if you work for an educational or medical institution.
11-14
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Getting Help
11-15
Appendix A
Diagnostics Checklist
Before You Call...
Keep a record of your diagnostic and troubleshooting
activities by photocopying the following checklist and
filling it out whenever you experience a problem with
your computer system.
If you need to call Dell Computer Corporation for assistance, you will be able to inform the support technician of
the actions you have taken to resolve the problem. If you
must return a piece of hardware to Dell, include this
filled-out checklist. (See Chapter 11, “Getting Help,” for
information on obtaining technical assistance.)
Be sure to save the following checklist in this appendix
as a master, so you can use it to make copies of the
checklist as needed.
Diagnostics Checklist
A-1
Diagnostics Checklist
Name: ______________________________________________________________Date: ____________________
Address: _____________________________________________________________Phone no.: ______________
Service tag (bar code on the back of the computer): ___________________________________________________
Return Material Authorization Number (if provided by support technician): ________________________________
Operating system and version: __________________________________________________________________
Peripherals:___________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Expansion cards: _____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Are you connected to a network?
yes
no
Network, version, and network card:______________________________________________________________
Programs and versions: ________________________________________________________________________
Start-up file contents:
autoexec.bat
config.sys
____________________
_____________________
___________________________________
____________________
_____________________
___________________________________
Error message or beep code:____________________________________________________________________
Description of problem and troubleshooting procedures you performed: _______________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________
A-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B
Diagnostic Video Tests
T
he Video Test Group of the system diagnostics consists of the following seven tests, each of which verifies a
particular video function or group of functions:
The following sections describe each of the tests in the
Video Test Group.
•
Video Memory Test — Checks the integrity of characters generated from data in the video memory.
•
Video Hardware Test — Checks the functions of the
cursor register and the horizontal and vertical retrace
bit registers.
•
Text Mode Character Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present text mode data.
•
Text Mode Color Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present color in text modes.
The Video Memory Test verifies the integrity of the
video memory either on the system board or on a video
expansion card. As the test runs, it describes which
64-kilobyte (KB) block of video memory is being tested.
When a test is complete, a message indicates whether the
video memory has passed or failed the test. This test does
not require any interaction on your part.
•
Text Mode Pages Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to map and present all available
video text pages on the monitor screen, one page at a
time.
Video Hardware Test
•
Graphics Mode Test — Checks the video subsystem’s ability to present graphics mode data and
colors.
•
Color Palettes Test — Checks the video subsystem’s
ability to display all available colors.
•
Solid Colors Test — Checks the video subsystem’s
ability to show screens full of solid colors. Allows
you to check for missing color subpixels.
All of these tests, except the Video Memory Test and the
Video Hardware Test, are interactive. These interactive
tests display images on the monitor screen and require
the user to respond with the following steps:
1.
Examine a displayed image for correctness.
2.
If an image is correct, type y.
3.
If an image is incorrect, type n.
Video Memory Test
The Video Hardware Test verifies the operation of the
cursor registers and the horizontal and vertical retrace bit
registers. When a test is complete, a message indicates
whether these registers have passed or failed the test.
This test does not require any interaction on your part.
Text Mode Character Test
The Text Mode Character Test consists of a group of subtests that display printable characters and character
attributes. The subtests check character quality and the
monitor’s ability to display the characters correctly on its
screen. A prompt at the bottom of each screen asks the
user to decide whether the display is satisfactory and to
respond by typing y or n.
If you respond affirmatively to each subtest, the Text
Mode Character Test passes. A negative response to any
subtest causes the test to fail.
Diagnostic Video Tests
B-1
The following subsections describe the subtests of the
Text Mode Character Test in the order in which they
appear.
Character Attributes Subtest (80 x 25)
The 80-column x 25-line character attributes subtest displays four lines of text that demonstrate normal-intensity
video, reverse video, intensified video, and blinking
video.
Character Set Subtest (80 x 25)
The 80-column x 25-line character set subtest displays all
256 characters in the American Standard Code for
Information Interchange (ASCII) character set in
80-column by 25-line text mode. Figure B-1 shows an
example of the character set subtest screen.
Character Attributes Subtest (40 x 25)
The 40-column x 25-line character attributes subtest
displays four lines of text in 40-column by 25-line
(double-wide) text mode that demonstrate normalintensity video, reverse video, intensified video, and
blinking video.
Character Set Subtest (40 x 25)
The 40-column x 25-line character set subtest displays all
256 characters in the ASCII character set in 40-column
by 25-line (double-wide) text mode. Figure B-2 shows an
example of the 40-column x 25-line character set subtest
screen.
Figure B-2. 40-Column x 25-Line Character Set
Subtest Screen
Figure B-1. 80-Column x 25-Line Character Set
Subtest Screen
B-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Text Mode Color Test
Table B-1. Color Attributes
The Text Mode Color Test contains three subtests that
check the video subsystem’s ability to present color in
text modes. The following subsections describe these
subtests.
Row or
Column
Color
Foreground
Color
Background
Number
0
black
black
NOTE: These subtests are valid for color monitors only.
1
blue
blue
Color Attributes Subtest (80 x 25)
2
green
green
The 80-column x 25-line color attributes subtest displays
a pattern of 16 rows and 16 columns in 80-column by
25-line text mode. Each row has a hexadecimal number
in a unique foreground color and each column has a
unique background color. Where the same foreground
and background color intersect, the hexadecimal number
is not visible. Type y if each character is displayed
correctly; otherwise, type n. Table B-1 indicates the color
in each of the rows and columns.
3
cyan
cyan
4
red
red
5
magenta
magenta
6
brown
brown
7
white
white
8
dark gray*
black
9
light blue*
blue
A
light green*
green
B
light cyan*
cyan
C
light red*
red
D
light magenta*
magenta
E
yellow*
brown
F
intense white*
white
*
These colors blink during the test.
Diagnostic Video Tests
B-3
Color Attributes Subtest (40 x 25)
320 x 200 Graphics Mode Screens
The 40-column x 25-line color attributes subtest is the
same as the previous subtest except that the characters
are displayed in 40-column by 25-line (double-wide) text
mode. Type y if each character is displayed correctly;
otherwise, type n.
The Graphics Mode Test displays two successive
320- x 200-pixel graphics mode screens: The first screen
displays three pyramids in red, green, and yellow. The
second screen displays three pyramids in magenta, cyan,
and white. Type y if all the pyramids are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
Color Bars Subtest
The color bars subtest displays 16 bars in different colors
with background intensity enabled. Under each bar is the
name of the color that should be displayed. Type y if each
color bar is displayed correctly; otherwise, type n.
Text Mode Pages Test
The Text Mode Pages Test checks the video subsystem’s
ability to map and present all available video pages on
the monitor screen, one page at a time. The test displays
eight successive screens, the first of which contains 21
lines of 77 zeros. The remaining seven screens are
identical to the first, except that each screen substitutes a
different numeral (1 through 7) for the zeros.
640 x 200 Black/White Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 200-pixel black/white graphics mode screen
displays a black rectangle and a white rectangle on a gray
background. Type y if the boxes are displayed correctly;
otherwise, type n.
640 x 480 Monochrome Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 480-pixel monochrome graphics mode screen
displays three chess pieces. Type y if all the chess pieces
are identical and displayed correctly; otherwise, type n.
Figure B-3 shows an example of this screen.
Type y if all the rows of numbers on each screen are displayed correctly; otherwise, type n.
Graphics Mode Test
The Graphics Mode Test checks the video subsystem’s
ability to present graphics mode data and colors. This test
displays nine different screens, each of which allows you
to check some aspect of graphics mode data and colors.
The following subsections describe Graphics Mode Test
screens in the order in which they appear.
NOTE: Some of the following tests may not appear if
your system does not support the video mode being
tested.
Figure B-3. 640 x 480 Monochrome Graphics
Mode Screen
B-4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
320 x 200 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 320- x 200-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of Xs in 16 different colors with the name
of the color beneath each X. Type y if all the Xs are the
correct colors; otherwise, type n.
640 x 200 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 200-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of hexagons in 16 different colors with the
name of the color beneath each hexagon. Type y if all the
hexagons are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
640 x 350 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640 x 350 16-color graphics mode screen displays a
series of octagons in 16 different colors with the name of
the color displayed beneath each octagon. Type y if all
the octagons are the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 480-pixel 2-color graphics mode screen displays three chess pieces. Type y if all the chess pieces are
identical and displayed correctly; otherwise, type n. Figure B-4 shows an example of this screen.
Figure B-4. 640 x 480 2-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
640 x 480 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 640- x 480-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of stars in 16 different colors with the name
of the color beneath each star. Type y if all the stars are
the correct colors; otherwise, type n.
Diagnostic Video Tests
B-5
320 x 200 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
1280 x 1024 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 320- x 200-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares in 256 different color hues
and intensities. Type y if all the squares are the correct
colors; otherwise, type n.
The 1280- x 1024-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares in 16 different colors located
in various positions on the screen. Type y if all the
squares appear to be correct; otherwise, type n.
640 x 480 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
Color Palettes Test
The 640- x 480-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares with two colors in each
square. Type y if all the squares appear to be correct;
otherwise, type n.
800 x 600 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 800- x 600-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen displays a series of pyramids in 16 different colors. Type y if
all the pyramids appear to be correct; otherwise, type n.
800 x 600 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 800- x 600-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of squares with four colors in each
square. Type y if all the squares appear to be correct;
otherwise, type n.
1024 x 768 16-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 1024- x 768-pixel 16-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of hourglasses in 16 different colors.
Type y if all the hourglasses appear to be correct; otherwise, type n.
The Color Palettes Test checks the video subsystem’s
ability to display all available colors. The test displays
two screens that allow you to check the quality of different shades of the basic colors and to test the monitor’s
ability to vary the intensity of these colors.
The first screen contains four sets of 64 squares, one for
gray and one for each of the three basic colors (red,
green, and blue). Each square contains a different shade
of its associated color, ranging from very light to very
dark. Type y if all the squares are the correct colors;
otherwise type n.
The second screen is the red/green/blue (RGB) color
combination screen. This screen allows you to test the
monitor’s ability to increase or decrease the intensity of
the three basic colors.
The RGB color combination screen displays an RGB box
in the top center of the screen with individual red, green,
and blue boxes beneath it. Underneath the individual
color boxes are three lines that show the intensity of each
color. Type r, g, or b to adjust the intensity of the corresponding color; then press the right-arrow key to increase
the color intensity, or press the left-arrow key to decrease
the intensity. The RGB box should be able to display
262,144 different colors when you adjust the intensity
levels of red, green, and blue. Type y if all the squares are
the correct colors; otherwise type n.
1024 x 768 256-Color Graphics Mode
Screen
The 1024- x 768-pixel 256-color graphics mode screen
displays a series of asterisks with four colors in each
asterisk. Type y if all the asterisks appear to be correct;
otherwise, type n.
B-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix C
Jumpers and Switches
T
his appendix provides specific information about the
jumpers on the system board. It also provides some basic
information on jumpers and switches and describes the
connectors and sockets on the various boards in the
computer.
Jumpers and Switches—
A General Explanation
Jumpers and switches provide a convenient and reversible way of reconfiguring the circuitry on a printed circuit
board. When reconfiguring the system, you may need to
change jumper settings on the system board. You may
also need to change jumper and/or switch settings on
expansion cards or drives.
Jumpers
Jumpers are small blocks on a circuit
board with two or more pins
emerging from them.
A jumper is referred to as open or unjumpered when the
plug is pushed down over only one pin or if there is no
plug at all. When the plug is pushed down over two pins,
the jumper is referred to as jumpered. The jumper setting
is often shown in text as two numbers, such as 1-2. The
number 1 is printed on the circuit board so that you can
identify each pin number based on the location of pin 1.
Figure C-1 shows the location and default settings of the
jumper blocks on the system board. See Table C-1 for the
designations, default settings, and functions of the system’s jumpers.
Switches
Switches control various circuits or functions in the
computer system. The switches you are most likely to
encounter are dual in-line package (DIP) switches, which
are normally packaged in groups of two or more switches
in a plastic case. Two common types of DIP switches are
slide switches and rocker switches (see the following
illustration).
Plastic plugs containing a wire fit
down over the pins. The wire connects
the pins and creates a circuit.
To change a jumper setting, pull the plug off its pin(s)
and carefully fit it down onto the pin(s) indicated.
CAUTION: Make sure the system is turned off
before you change a jumper setting. Otherwise,
damage to the system or unpredictable results
may occur.
slide switches
rocker switches
Each of these switches has two positions, or settings
(usually on and off). To change the setting of a slide
switch, use a small, pointed object such as a small screwdriver or a straightened paper clip to slide the switch to
the proper position. To change the setting of a rocker
switch, use the screwdriver or paper clip to press down
Jumpers and Switches
C-1
on the appropriate side of the switch. In either case, do
not use a pen, pencil, or other object that might leave a
residue on the switch.
jumpered
unjumpered
C-2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Figure C-1. System Board Jumpers
Table C-1. System-Board Jumper Settings
Jumper
EISA
Setting
Description
(default)
The EISA Configuration Utility settings are
retained at system boot.
The EISA Configuration Utility settings are
cleared at next system boot. (If the EISA Configuration Utility becomes corrupted to the point where
the system won’t boot, install the jumper plug and
boot the system. Remove the jumper before restoring the EISA configuration information.)
EVGA
(default)
The integrated video controller is enabled.
The integrated video controller is disabled.
PSWD
(default)
The password feature is enabled.
The password feature is disabled.
CARDBIOS
Reserved (do not change).
RSRVD2
Reserved (do not change).
RSRVD1
Reserved (do not change).
200MHZ*
The microprocessor’s internal speed is 200 MHz.
180MHZ*
The microprocessor’s internal speed is 180 MHz.
*
Only one of these jumpers should have a jumper plug installed.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Jumpers and Switches
C-3
Table C-1. System-Board Jumper Settings
Jumper
Setting
jumpered
Description
unjumpered
System Board Labels
Table C-2 lists the connectors and sockets located on the
system board. Table C-3 lists the connectors on the SCSI
backplane board.
Table C-2. System Board Connectors and Sockets
Connector or Socket
Description
BATTERY
Battery connector
DIMM x
DIMM socket
EISAn
EISA expansion-card connector
FANn
Fan connector
FLOPPY
Diskette/tape drive interface connector
KEYBOARD
Keyboard connector
MONITOR
Video connector
MOUSE
Mouse connector
PARALLEL
Parallel port connector; sometimes referred to as LPT1
PCIn
PCI expansion-card connector
POWERn
Power input connector
PROCESSOR1
Microprocessor socket
PROCESSOR2
Microprocessor socket
REMOTE
Server-management serial port connector
SCSI CD-ROM
Ultra/Narrow SCSI host adapter connector
SCSI BACKPLANE
Ultra/Wide SCSI host adapter connector
SERIALn
Serial port connector; sometimes referred to as COM1 and COM2
SMB BACKPLANE
Server-management bus connector
C-4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Table C-2. System Board Connectors and Sockets (Continued)
Connector or Socket
Description
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Table C-3. SCSI Backplane Board Connectors
Connector
Description
DRIVEn
Hard-disk drive carrier connector
PANEL
Control panel connector
POWER
Power input connector
SCSI
Ultra/Wide SCSI cable connector
SMB
Server-management bus connector
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see the abbreviation and acronym list.
Disabling a Forgotten Password
The computer’s software security features include a
supervisor password and a user password, which are discussed in detail in Chapter 4, “Using the System Setup
Program,” of the system User’s Guide. A password jumper
on the system board enables these password features or
disables them and clears any password(s) currently in
use.
Figure C-1 shows the location of the password
jumper (labeled “PSWD”) on the system board.
3.
Remove the jumper plug from the PSWD jumper.
To disable a forgotten supervisor password or user password, a trained service technician must perform the
following steps:
1.
Remove the computer covers.
See “Removing the Computer Covers” in Chapter 7
for instructions.
CAUTION: See “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” in the safety instructions at
the front of this guide.
2.
Refer to “Jumpers and Switches—A General
Explanation” found earlier in this appendix for
jumper information.
Jumpers and Switches
C-5
4.
Replace the computer cover, reconnect the computer to its power source, and turn it on.
The existing passwords are not disabled (erased)
until the system boots with the PSWD jumper plug
removed. However, before you assign a new system and/or
user password, you must install the jumper plug.
NOTE: If you assign a new system and/or user password with the jumper plug still removed, the system
disables the new password(s) the next time it boots.
5.
Repeat step 1.
6.
Install the jumper plug on the PSWD jumper.
7.
Replace the computer cover, reconnect the computer and peripherals to their power sources, and
turn them on.
8.
Have the user assign a new system and/or user
password.
To assign a new supervisor password using the System Setup program, see “Assigning a Supervisor
Password” in Chapter 4 of the system User’s Guide.
To assign a new supervisor password using the EISA
Configuration Utility, see “Assigning or Changing a
Supervisor Password” in Chapter 5 of the system
User’s Guide.
To assign a new user password using the System
Setup program, see “Assigning a User Password” in
Chapter 4 of the system User’s Guide. To assign a new
user password using the EISA Configuration Utility,
see “Assigning or Changing a User Password” in
Chapter 5 of the system User’s Guide.
C-6
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Abbreviation
or Acronym
Description
Abbreviation
or Acronym
Description
A
ampere(s)
CGA
color graphics adapter
AC
alternating current
cm
centimeter(s)
ADC
analog-to-digital converter
CMOS
ADI
Autodesk Device Interface
complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
AI
artificial intelligence
C.O.D.
collect on delivery
ANSI
American National Standards
Institute
cpi
characters per inch
cpl
characters per line
CPU
central processing unit
DAC
digital-to-analog converter
DASH
Dell Advanced SCSI Host
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC
application-specific integrated circuit
BASIC
Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic
Instruction Code
DAT
digital audio tape
dB
decibel(s)
BIOS
basic input/output system
dBA
adjusted decibel(s)
bpi
bits per inch
DC
direct current
bps
bits per second
DIN
Deutsche Industrie Norm
BTU
British thermal unit
DIP
dual in-line package
BZT
Bundesamt fur Zulassungen in
der Telekommunikation
DMA
direct memory access
C
Celsius
DOC
Department of Communications
(in Canada)
CCFT
cold cathode fluorescent tube
dpi
dots per inch
CD
compact disc
DRAM
dynamic random-access memory
CD-ROM
compact disc read-only memory
Abbreviations and Acronyms
1
Abbreviation
or Acronym
Description
Abbreviation
or Acronym
Description
DS/DD
double-sided double-density
h
hexadecimal
DS/HD
double-sided high-density
HIP
DSA
Dell SCSI Array
Hardware Instrumentation
Program
ECC
error correction code
HMA
high memory area
EDO
extended-data out
HPFS
High Performance File System
EGA
enhanced graphics adapter
Hz
hertz
EIDE
enhanced integrated drive electronics
I/O
input/output
ID
identification
IDE
integrated drive electronics
IRQ
interrupt request
ISA
Industry-Standard Architecture
JEIDA
Japanese Electronic Industry
Development Association
EISA
Extended Industry-Standard Architecture
EMI
electromagnetic interference
EMM
expanded memory manager
EMS
Expanded Memory Specification
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
K
kilo- (1024)
EPROM
erasable programmable read-only
memory
KB
kilobyte(s)
KB/sec
kilobyte(s) per second
ESD
electrostatic discharge
Kbit(s)
kilobit(s)
ESDI
enhanced small-device interface
Kbit(s)/sec
kilobit(s) per second
F
Fahrenheit
kg
kilogram(s)
FAT
file allocation table
kHz
kilohertz
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
LAN
local area network
FIFO
first-in first-out
lb
pound(s)
ft
feet
LCD
liquid crystal display
g
gram(s)
LED
light-emitting diode
G
gravities
LIF
low insertion force
GB
gigabyte(s)
LN
load number
GUI
graphical user interface
LIM
Lotus/Intel/Microsoft
2
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
Abbreviation
or Acronym
Description
Abbreviation
or Acronym
lpi
lines per inch
PCMCIA
m
meter(s)
Personal Computer Memory Card
International Association
mA
milliampere(s)
PGA
pin grid array
mAh
milliampere-hour(s)
POST
power-on self-test
MB
megabyte(s)
ppm
pages per minute
MBR
master boot record
PQFP
plastic quad flat pack
MDA
monochrome display adapter
PS/2
Personal System/2
MGA
monochrome graphics adapter
PVC
polyvinyl chloride
MHz
megahertz
QIC
quarter-inch cartridge
mm
millimeter(s)
RAM
random-access memory
ms
millisecond(s)
RAMDAC
random-access memory digital-toanalog converter
MS-DOS
Microsoft Disk Operating System
REN
ringer equivalence number
MTBF
mean time between failures
RFI
radio frequency interference
mV
millivolt(s)
RGB
red/green/blue
NIC
network interface controller
ROM
read-only memory
NiCad
nickel cadmium
rpm
revolutions per minute
NiMH
nickel-metal hydride
RTC
real-time clock
NMI
nonmaskable interrupt
SCSI
small computer system interface
ns
nanosecond(s)
sec
second(s)
NTFS
NT File System
SIMM
single in-line memory module
NVRAM
nonvolatile random-access memory
SMB
server management bus
OS/2
Operating System/2
SNMP
simple network management
protocol
OTP
one-time programmable
SRAM
static random-access memory
PAL
programmable array logic
SVGA
super video graphics array
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
TFT
thin film transistor
Description
Abbreviations and Acronyms
3
Abbreviation
or Acronym
Description
tpi
tracks per inch
TSR
terminate-and-stay-resident
TV
television
UL
Underwriters Laboratories
UMB
upper memory block
UPS
uninterruptible power supply
USOC
Universal Service Ordering Code
V
volt(s)
VAC
volt(s) alternating current
VDC
volt(s) direct current
VDE
Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker
VESA
Video Electronics Standards Association
VGA
video graphics array
VLSI
very-large-scale integration
VRAM
video random-access memory
W
watt(s)
WH
watt-hour(s)
XMM
extended memory manager
XMS
eXtended Memory Specification
ZIF
zero insertion force
4
Dell PowerEdge 4100/180 and 4100/200 Systems Installation and Troubleshooting Guide
®
Printed in the U.S.A.
P/N 40721