Dell 5324 Switch User Manual

Dell™ PowerConnect™ 5324 Systems
CLI Reference Guide
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to
avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2006 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and PowerConnect are trademarks of Dell Inc.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or
their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
Aug 2006
Rev. A01
Contents
1
Command Groups
Introduction .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
Command Groups
AAA Commands
Address Table Commands
Clock Commands
Configuration and Image Files Commands
Ethernet Configuration Commands
GVRP Commands
IGMP Snooping Commands
IP Addressing
LACP Commands .
Line Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
LLDP Commands .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
Management ACL Commands
PHY Diagnostics Commands
Port Channel Commands .
Port Monitor Commands
QoS Commands
Radius Commands .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
RMON Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
SNMP Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
35
Spanning Tree Commands
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
3
SSH Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
38
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
39
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
42
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
Syslog Commands
System Management Commands
TACACS Commands
User Interface Commands
VLAN Commands
Web Server Commands
802.1x Commands
2
Command Modes
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
50
GC (Global Configuration) Mode
IC (Interface Configuration) Mode
LC (Line Configuration) Mode.
MA (Management Access-level) Mode .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
51
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
PE (Privileged User EXEC) Mode
SP (SSH Public Key) Mode .
UE (User EXEC) Mode
VC (VLAN Configuration) Mode .
3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
Starting the CLI
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Editing Features
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
Using the CLI
CLI Command Modes.
4
AAA Commands
aaa authentication login .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
aaa authentication enable
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
67
enable authentication
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
ip http authentication
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
69
login authentication
ip https authentication .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
72
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
73
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
74
show authentication methods
password
enable password
username
show users accounts
5
Address Table Commands
bridge address.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
bridge multicast filtering .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
bridge multicast address .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
bridge multicast forbidden address .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
81
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
81
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
82
clear bridge .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
83
port security .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
84
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
bridge multicast forward-all
bridge multicast forbidden forward-all
bridge aging-time
port security routed secure-address
show bridge address-table .
show bridge address-table static .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
87
show bridge address-table count .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
show bridge multicast address-table .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
show bridge multicast filtering .
show ports security
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
5
6
Clock
clock set
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
97
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
clock source
clock timezone
clock summer-time
sntp authentication-key
sntp authenticate
sntp trusted-key
sntp client poll timer .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sntp broadcast client enable .
sntp anycast client enable
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sntp client enable (interface) .
99
100
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
100
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
sntp server
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
102
show clock
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
103
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
106
sntp unicast client enable
sntp unicast client poll .
show sntp configuration
show sntp status .
7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Configuration and Image Files
delete startup-config.
copy.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
109
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
109
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
boot system
show running-config .
show startup-config
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
113
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
114
show backup-config .
show bootvar
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
116
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
118
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
6
8
Ethernet Configuration Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
119
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
120
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
121
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
121
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
negotiation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
flowcontrol
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
123
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
124
interface ethernet
interface range ethernet
shutdown
description
speed
duplex
mdix
back-pressure .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
125
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
126
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
126
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
127
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
127
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
129
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
show interfaces counters
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
132
show ports jumbo-frame .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
136
port storm-control include-multicast
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
137
port storm-control broadcast enable
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
137
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
138
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
141
port jumbo-frame
clear counters .
set interface active
show interfaces configuration
show interfaces status .
show interfaces description
port storm-control broadcast rate.
show ports storm-control
9
GVRP Commands
gvrp enable (global)
gvrp enable (interface) .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
141
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
7
garp timer .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
gvrp vlan-creation-forbid.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
143
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
144
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
144
gvrp registration-forbid
clear gvrp statistics
show gvrp configuration .
show gvrp statistics
142
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
145
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
146
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
147
show gvrp error-statistics
10 IGMP Snooping Commands
ip igmp snooping (Global)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
149
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
150
ip igmp snooping (Interface)
ip igmp snooping mrouter
ip igmp snooping host-time-out.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ip igmp snooping mrouter-time-out .
150
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
151
ip igmp snooping leave-time-out
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
152
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
153
show ip igmp snooping interface .
show ip igmp snooping groups .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
153
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
154
11 IP Addressing Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
157
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
157
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
158
clear host dhcp
ip address .
ip address dhcp
ip default-gateway .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
159
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
160
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
161
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
162
show ip interface
arp
arp timeout
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
162
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
163
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
164
ip domain-name
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
164
ip name-server
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
165
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
165
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
166
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
167
clear arp-cache
show arp
ip domain-lookup
ip host .
clear host
show hosts
12 LACP Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
169
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
169
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
170
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
171
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
171
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
173
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
173
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
174
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
174
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
175
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
lacp system-priority
lacp port-priority
lacp timeout .
show lacp ethernet
show lacp port-channel
13 Line Commands
line
speed
autobaud
exec-timeout
show line
terminal history
terminal history size
14 LLDP Commands
lldp enable (global)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
9
Syntax
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
179
lldp enable (interface)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lldp timer 180
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lldp reinit-delay 181
lldp tx-delay .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
182
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
183
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
183
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
184
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
185
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
185
lldp optional-tlv
lldp management-address
clear lldp rx .
show lldp configuration
show lldp local
show lldp neighbors .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
186
15 Management ACL
management access-list .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
189
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
190
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
191
permit (management)
deny (management)
management access-class .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show management access-list .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
show management access-class .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
192
193
193
16 PHY Diagnostics Commands
test copper-port tdr
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
195
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
195
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
196
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
197
show copper-ports tdr
show copper-ports cable-length
show fiber-ports optical-transceiver
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
10
17 Port Channel Commands
interface port-channel .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
interface range port-channel .
channel-group .
201
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
201
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
202
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
203
port channel load balance
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .show interfaces port-channel 203
18 Port Monitor Commands
port monitor .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
205
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
206
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
209
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
209
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
210
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
211
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
212
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
213
show ports monitor
19 QoS Commands
qos
show qos
wrr-queue cos-map
wrr-queue bandwidth
priority-queue out num-of-queues
show qos interface
qos map dscp-queue .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
214
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
215
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
216
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
216
qos trust (Global)
qos trust (Interface)
qos cos
show qos map .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
217
20 Radius Commands
radius-server host
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
219
radius-server key
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
220
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
11
radius-server retransmit
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
221
radius-server source-ip
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
221
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
222
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
radius-server timeout
radius-server deadtime
show radius-servers .
21 RMON Commands
show rmon statistics .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
225
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
227
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
228
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
229
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
232
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
233
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
234
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
236
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
237
show rmon log .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
238
rmon table-size
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
240
rmon collection history
show rmon collection history
show rmon history .
rmon alarm
show rmon alarm-table
show rmon alarm
rmon event
show rmon events
22 SNMP Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
241
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
242
snmp-server community
snmp-server view
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . snmp-server filter 243
snmp-server contact .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
244
snmp-server location
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
244
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
245
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
246
snmp-server enable traps
snmp-server trap authentication
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
246
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
247
snmp-server host
snmp-server set
snmp-server group .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
248
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
249
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
251
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
252
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
253
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
254
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
255
snmp-server user
snmp-server v3-host
snmp-server engineID local
show snmp engineid .
show snmp
show snmp views
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .show snmp groups 256
show snmp filters
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
257
show snmp users
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
258
23 Spanning-Tree Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
261
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
261
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
262
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
263
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
264
spanning-tree priority
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
265
spanning-tree disable
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
265
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
266
spanning-tree
spanning-tree mode
spanning-tree forward-time
spanning-tree hello-time .
spanning-tree max-age
spanning-tree cost .
spanning-tree port-priority .
spanning-tree portfast
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
267
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
267
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
268
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
269
spanning-tree link-type
spanning-tree mst priority
spanning-tree mst max-hops .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
269
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
13
spanning-tree mst port-priority .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
270
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
271
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
271
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
272
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
273
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
273
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
274
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
275
spanning-tree mst cost .
spanning-tree mst configuration
instance (mst)
name (mst)
revision (mst)
show (mst)
exit (mst)
abort (mst) .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
spanning-tree pathcost method.
275
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
276
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
276
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
277
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
278
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
290
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
291
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
293
spanning-tree bpdu
clear spanning-tree detected-protocols
show spanning-tree
spanning-tree mst mstp-rstp
Spanning-tree guard root.
24 SSH Commands
ip ssh port .
ip ssh server .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
293
crypto key generate dsa
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
294
crypto key generate rsa
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
294
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
295
ip ssh pubkey-auth .
crypto key pubkey-chain ssh .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
296
user-key .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
296
key-string
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
297
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
298
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
299
show ip ssh
show crypto key mypubkey
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
14
show crypto key pubkey-chain ssh .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
303
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
303
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304
25 Syslog Commands
logging on .
logging
logging console
logging buffered .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
logging buffered size.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
305
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
306
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
307
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
307
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
308
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
309
clear logging
logging file
305
clear logging file
show logging
show logging file
show syslog-servers .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
310
26
27 System Management
ping .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
traceroute .
313
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
314
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
317
resume
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
320
reload .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
322
telnet
hostname
show users
show sessions .
show system .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
322
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
323
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
324
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
325
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
326
show version
asset-tag
show system id
28 TACACS Commands
tacacs-server host .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
327
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
328
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
328
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
329
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
330
tacacs-server key
tacacs-server timeout
tacacs-server source-ip
show tacacs .
29 User Interface
enable
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
disable
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
332
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
332
login
configure
exit(configuration) .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
333
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
334
exit(EXEC) .
end
help .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
335
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
335
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
336
history
history size
debug-mode .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
336
show history.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
337
show privilege.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
338
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
16
30 VLAN Commands
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
339
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
339
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
340
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
340
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
341
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
342
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
342
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
343
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
344
vlan database
vlan .
default-vlan disable
interface vlan
interface range vlan
name
switchport access vlan
switchport trunk allowed vlan
switchport trunk native vlan
switchport general allowed vlan .
switchport general pvid
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
344
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
346
switchport general ingress-filtering disable
switchport general acceptable-frame-type tagged-only .
switchport forbidden vlan
. . . . . . . . .
347
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
347
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
348
map protocol protocols-group
switchport general map protocols-group vlan .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
349
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
349
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
350
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
351
show vlan protocols-groups
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
352
show interfaces switchport
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
353
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
354
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
355
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
357
ip internal-usage-vlan
show vlan .
show vlan internal usage
switchport mode .
switchport customer vlan
31 Web Server
ip http server
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
17
ip http port.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ip https server .
ip https port
357
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
358
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
358
crypto certificate generate .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
359
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
360
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
362
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
363
crypto certificate export pkcs12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
364
crypto certificate import pkcs12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
366
crypto certificate request
crypto certificate import
ip https certificate .
show crypto certificate mycertificate .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
368
show ip http .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
369
show ip https
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
369
32 802.1x Commands
aaa authentication dot1x .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
371
dot1x system-auto-control
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
372
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
372
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
373
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
374
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
374
dot1x port-control
dot1x re-authentication
dot1x timeout re-authperiod
dot1x re-authenticate
dot1x timeout quiet-period .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
375
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
376
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
377
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
377
dot1x timeout tx-period
dot1x max-req .
dot1x timeout supp-timeout
dot1x timeout server-timeout .
show dot1x
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
378
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
379
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
381
show dot1x users
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
18
show dot1x statistics
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ADVANCED FEATURES .
dot1x auth-not-req .
382
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
384
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
384
dot1x multiple-hosts .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
dot1x single-host-violation .
show dot1x advanced
385
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
385
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
386
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
19
D E L L C O N F I D E N T I A L – P R E L I M I N A R Y 9 / 1 2 / 0 6 – F O R P R O O F O N LY
20
Command Groups
Introduction
The Command Language Interface (CLI) is a network management application operated through
an ASCII terminal without the use of a Graphic User Interface (GUI) driven software application.
By directly entering commands, you have greater configuration flexibility. The CLI is a basic
command-line interpreter similar to the UNIX C shell.
A device can be configured and maintained by entering commands from the CLI, which is based
solely on textual input and output with commands being entered from a terminal keyboard and the
output displayed as text via a terminal monitor. The CLI can be accessed from a VT100 terminal
connected to the console port of the device or through a Telnet connection from a remote host.
This guide describes how the Command Line Interface (CLI) is structured, describes the
command syntax, and describes the command functionality.
This guide also provides information for configuring the PowerConnect switch, details the
procedures and provides configuration examples. Basic installation configuration is described in
the User’s Guide and must be completed before using this document.
Command Groups
The system commands can be broken down into the functional groups shown below.
Command Group
Description
AAA
Configures connection security including authorization and
passwords.
Address Table
Configures bridging address tables.
Configuration and Image Files
Manages the device configuration files.
Clock
Configures clock commands on the device.
Ethernet Configuration
Configures all port configuration options for example ports, storm
control, port speed and auto-negotiation.
GVRP
Configures and displays GVRP configuration and information.
IGMP Snooping
Configures IGMP snooping and displays IGMP configuration and
IGMP information.
IP Addressing
Configures and manages IP addresses on the device.
LACP
Configures and displays LACP information.
Line
Configures the console and remote Telnet connection.
LLDP
Configures and displays LLDP information.
Management ACL
Configures and displays management access-list information.
Command Groups
21
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
22
PHY Diagnostics
Diagnoses and displays the interface status.
Port Channel
Configures and displays Port channel information.
Port Monitor
Monitors activity on specific target ports.
QoS
Configures and displays QoS information.
RADIUS
Configures and displays RADIUS information.
RMON
Displays RMON statistics.
SNMP
Configures SNMP communities, traps and displays SNMP
information.
Spanning Tree
Configures and reports on Spanning Tree protocol
SSH
Configures SSH authentication.
Syslog Commands
Manages and displays syslog messages.
System Management
Configures the device clock, name and authorized users.
TACACS
Configures TACACS commands
User Interface
Describes user commands used for entering CLI commands.
VLAN
Configures VLANs and displays VLAN information.
Web Server
Configures Web based access to the device.
802.1x
Configures commands related to 802.1x security protocol.
Command Groups
AAA Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
aaa authentication login
Defines login authentication.
Global
Configuration
aaa authentication enable
Defines authentication method lists for accessing higher Global
privilege levels.
Configuration
login authentication
Specifies the login authentication method list for a
remote telnet or console.
enable authentication
Specifies the authentication method list when accessing Line
a higher privilege level from a remote telnet or console. Configuration
ip http authentication
Specifies authentication methods for http.
Global
Configuration
ip https authentication
Specifies authentication methods for https.
Global
Configuration
show authentication
methods
Displays information about the authentication methods. Privileged User
EXEC
password
Specifies a password on a line.
Line
Configuration
enable password
Sets a local password to control access to normal and
privilege levels.
Global
Configuration
username
Establishes a username-based authentication system.
Global
Configuration
show users accounts
Displays information about the local user database.
Privileged User
EXEC
Global
Configuration
Address Table Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
bridge address
Adds a static MAC-layer station source address to the
bridge table.
VLAN
Configuration
bridge multicast filtering
Enables filtering of multicast addresses.
Global
Configuration
bridge multicast address
Registers MAC-layer multicast addresses to the bridge
table, and adds static ports to the group.
VLAN
Configuration
bridge multicast
forbidden address
Forbids adding a specific multicast address to specific
ports.
VLAN
Configuration
Command Groups
23
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
bridge multicast forwardall
Enables forwarding of all multicast frames on a port.
VLAN
Configuration
bridge multicast
forbidden forward-all
Enables forbidding forwarding of all multicast frames
to a port.
VLAN
Configuration
bridge aging-time
Sets the address table aging time.
Global
Configuration
clear bridge
Removes any learned entries from the forwarding
database.
Privileged User
EXEC
port security
Disables new address learning on an interface.
Interface
Configuration
port security routed
secure-address
Adds MAC-layer secure addresses to a routed port.
Interface
Configuration
show bridge address-table
Displays dynamically created entries in the bridgeforwarding database.
Privileged User
EXEC
show bridge address-table
static
Displays statically created entries in the bridgeforwarding database.
Privileged User
EXEC
show bridge address-table
count
Displays the number of addresses present in all or at a
specific VLAN.
Privileged User
EXEC
show bridge multicast
address-table
Displays statically created entries in the bridgeforwarding database.
Privileged User
EXEC
show bridge multicast
filtering
Displays the multicast filtering configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
show ports security
Displays the port-lock status.
Privileged User
EXEC
Clock Commands
24
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
clock set
Manually sets the system clock.
Privileged User
EXEC
clock source
Configures an external time source for the
system clock.
Privileged User
EXEC
clock timezone
Sets the time zone for display purposes.
Global
Configuration
clock summer-time
Configures the system to automatically switch
to summer time (daylight saving time).
Global
Configuration
sntp authentication-key
Defines an authentication key for Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP).
Global
Configuration
Command Groups
sntp authenticate
Grants authentication for received Network
Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from servers.
Global
Configuration
sntp trusted-key
Authenticates the identity of a system to which
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) will
synchronize.
Global
Configuration
sntp client poll timer
Sets the polling time for the Simple Network
Time Protocol (SNTP) client.
Global
Configuration
sntp broadcast client
enable
Enables the Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) broadcast clients.
Global
Configuration
sntp anycast client enable
Enables Anycast clients.
Global
Configuration
sntp client enable
(interface)
Enables the Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP) client on an interface.
Interface
Configuration
sntp unicast client enable
Enables the device to use the Simple Network
Time Protocol (SNTP) to request and accept
Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from
servers.
Global
Configuration
sntp unicast client poll
Enables polling for the Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP) predefined unicast clients.
Global
Configuration
sntp server
Configures the device to use the Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to request and
accept Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic
from a server.
Global
Configuration
show clock
Displays the time and date from the system
clock.
User EXEC
show sntp configuration
Shows the configuration of the Simple Network
Time Protocol (SNTP).
Privileged User
EXEC
show sntp status
Shows the status of the Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP).
Privileged User
EXEC
Configuration and Image Files Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
delete startup-config
Deletes the startup-config file.
Privileged User
EXEC
copy
Copies files from a source to a destination.
Privileged User
EXEC
boot system
Specifies the system image that the device loads at
startup.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
25
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
show running-config
Displays the contents of the currently running
configuration file.
Privileged User
EXEC
show startup-config
Displays the startup configuration file contents.
Privileged User
EXEC
show backup-config
Displays the backup configuration file contents.
Privileged User
EXEC
show bootvar
Displays the active system image file that the device
loads at startup.
Privileged User
EXEC
Ethernet Configuration Commands
26
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
interface ethernet
Enters the interface configuration mode to
configure an Ethernet type interface.
Global
Configuration
interface range ethernet
Enters the interface configuration mode to
configure multiple Ethernet type interfaces.
Global
Configuration
shutdown
Disables interfaces.
Interface
Configuration
description
Adds a description to an interface.
Interface
Configuration
speed
Configures the speed of a given Ethernet interface
when not using auto-negotiation.
Interface
Configuration
duplex
Configures the full/half duplex operation of a given
Ethernet interface when not using auto-negotiation.
Interface
Configuration
negotiation
Enables auto-negotiation operation for the speed
and duplex parameters of a given interface.
Interface
Configuration
flowcontrol
Configures the Flow Control on a given interface.
Interface
Configuration
mdix
Enables automatic crossover on a given interface.
Interface
Configuration
back-pressure
Enables Back Pressure on a given interface.
Interface
Configuration
port jumbo-frame
Enables jumbo frames for the device.
Global
Configuration
clear counters
Clears statistics on an interface.
User EXEC
Command Groups
set interface active
Reactivates an interface that was suspended by the
system.
Privileged User
EXEC
show interfaces
configuration
Displays the configuration for all configured
interfaces.
User EXEC
show interfaces status
Displays the status for all configured interfaces.
User EXEC
show interfaces
description
Displays the description for all configured interfaces.
User EXEC
show interfaces counters
Displays traffic seen by the physical interface.
User EXEC
show ports jumbo-frame
Displays the jumbo frames configuration.
User EXEC
port storm-control
include-multicast
Enables the device to count multicast packets.
Global
Configuration
port storm-control
broadcast enable
Enables broadcast storm control.
Interface
Configuration
port storm-control
broadcast rate
Configures the maximum broadcast rate.
Interface
Configuration
show ports storm-control
Displays the storm control configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Group
Description
Mode
gvrp enable (global)
Enables GVRP globally.
Global
Configuration
gvrp enable (interface)
Enables GVRP on an interface.
Interface
Configuration
garp timer
Adjusts the GARP application join, leave, and
leaveall GARP timer values.
Interface
Configuration
gvrp vlan-creation-forbid
Enables or disables dynamic VLAN creation.
Interface
Configuration
gvrp registration-forbid
De-registers all VLANs, and prevents dynamic
VLAN registration on the port.
Interface
Configuration
clear gvrp statistics
Clears all the GVRP statistics information.
Privileged User
EXEC
show gvrp configuration
Displays GVRP configuration information.
User EXEC
show gvrp statistics
Displays GVRP statistics.
User EXEC
show gvrp error-statistics
Displays GVRP error statistics.
User EXEC
GVRP Commands
Command Groups
27
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
IGMP Snooping Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
ip igmp snooping
(Global)
Enables Internet Group Management Protocol
(IGMP) snooping.
Global
Configuration
ip igmp snooping
(Interface)
Enables Internet Group Management Protocol
(IGMP) snooping on a specific VLAN.
VLAN
Configuration
ip igmp snooping
mrouter
Enables automatic learning of multicast router ports
in the context of a specific VLAN.
VLAN
Configuration
ip igmp snooping hosttime-out
Configures the host-time-out.
VLAN
Configuration
ip igmp snooping
mrouter-time-out
Configures the mrouter-time-out.
VLAN
Configuration
ip igmp snooping leavetime-out
Configures the leave-time-out.
VLAN
Configuration
show ip igmp snooping
mrouter
Displays information on dynamically learned
multicast router interfaces.
User EXEC
show ip igmp snooping
interface
Displays IGMP snooping configuration.
User EXEC
show ip igmp snooping
groups
Displays multicast groups learned by IGMP
snooping.
User EXEC
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
clear host dhcp
Sets an IP address on the device.
Interface
Configuration
ip address
Sets an IP address
Interface
Configuration
ip address dhcp
Acquires an IP address on an interface from the
DHCP server.
Interface
Configuration
ip default-gateway
Defines a default gateway (router)
Global
Configuration
show ip interface
Displays the usability status of interfaces configured
for IP.
User EXEC
arp
Adds a permanent entry in the ARP cache.
Global
Configuration
IP Addressing
28
Command Groups
arp timeout
Configures how long an entry remains in the ARP
cache
Global
Configuration
clear arp-cache
Deletes all dynamic entries from the ARP cache.
Privileged User
EXEC
show arp
Displays entries in the ARP table.
Privileged User
EXEC
ip domain-lookup
Enables the IP Domain Naming System (DNS)-based
host name-to-address translation.
Global
Configuration
ip domain-name
Defines a default domain name, that the software
uses to complete unqualified host names.
Global
Configuration
ip name-server
Sets the available name servers.
Global
Configuration
ip host
Defines static host name-to-address mapping in the
host cache.
Global
Configuration
clear host
Deletes entries from the host name-to-address
cache
Privileged User
EXEC
show hosts
Displays the default domain name, a list of name
server hosts, the static and cached list of host names
and addresses.
User EXEC
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
lacp system-priority
Configures the system LACP priority.
Global
Configuration
lacp port-priority
Configures the priority value for physical ports.
Interface
Configuration
lacp timeout
Assigns an administrative LACP timeout.
Interface
Configuration
show lacp ethernet
Displays LACP information for Ethernet ports.
User EXEC
show lacp port-channel
Displays LACP information for a port-channel.
User EXEC
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
line
Identifies a specific line for configuration and enters
the line configuration command mode.
Global
Configuration
LACP Commands
Line Commands
Command Groups
29
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
speed
Sets the line baud rate.
Line
Configuration
autobaud
Sets the line for automatic baud rate detection
Line
Configuration
exec-timeout
Configures the interval that the system waits until
user input is detected.
Line
Configuration
show line
Displays line parameters.
User EXEC
LLDP Commands
30
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
lldp enable (global)
Enables Link Layer Discovery Protocol.
Global
configuration
lldp enable (interface)
Enables Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) on an
interface.
Interface
configuration
(Ethernet)
lldp timer
Specifies how often the software sends Link Layer
Discovery Protocol (LLDP) updates.
Global
configuration
lldp hold-multiplier
Specifies the amount of time the receiving device should
hold a Link Layer Discovery Protocol packet before
discarding it.
Global
configuration
lldp reinit-delay
Specifies the minimum time an LLDP port will wait
before reinitializing LLDP transmission.
Global
configuration
lldp tx-delay
Specifies the delay between successive LLDP frame
transmissions initiated by value/status changes in the
LLDP local systems MIB.
Global
configuration
lldp optional-tlv
Specifies which optional TLVs from the basic set should
be transmitted.
Interface
configuration
(Ethernet)
lldp managementaddress
Specifies the management address that would be
advertised from an interface.
Interface
configuration
(Ethernet)
clear lldp rx
Restarts the LLDP RX state machine and clears the
neighbors table.
Privileged
EXEC
show lldp
configuration
Displays the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP)
configuration.
Privileged
EXEC
show lldp local
Displays the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP)
information that is advertised from a specific port.
Privileged
EXEC
Command Groups
show lldp neighbors
Displays information about discovered neighboring
devices using Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP).
Privileged
EXEC
Management ACL Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
management accesslist
Defines a management access-list, and enters the accesslist for configuration.
Global
Configuration
permit (management)
Defines a permit rule.
Management
Access-level
deny (management)
Defines a deny rule.
Management
Access-level
management accessclass
Defines which management access-list is used.
Global
Configuration
show management
access-list
Displays management access-lists.
Privileged User
EXEC
show management
access-class
Displays the active management access-list.
Privileged User
EXEC
PHY Diagnostics Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
test copper-port tdr
Diagnoses with TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry)
technology the quality and characteristics of a copper
cable attached to a port.
Privileged User
EXEC
show copper-ports tdr
Displays the last TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry)
tests on specified ports.
Privileged User
EXEC
show copper-ports
cable-length
Displays the estimated copper cable length attached to a
port.
Privileged User
EXEC
show fiber-ports
optical-transceiver
Displays the optical transceiver diagnostics.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
31
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Port Channel Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
interface port-channel
Enters the interface configuration mode of a specific
port-channel.
Global
Configuration
interface range portchannel
Enters the interface configuration mode to configure
multiple port-channels.
Global
Configuration
channel-group
Associates a port with a port-channel.
Interface
Configuration
port channel load
balance
Configures the load balancing policy of the port
channeling
Global
Configuration
show interfaces portchannel
Displays port-channel information.
User EXEC
Port Monitor Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
port monitor
Starts a port monitoring session.
Interface
Configuration
show ports monitor
Displays the port monitoring status.
User EXEC
QoS Commands
32
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
qos
Enables quality of service (QoS) on the device and
enters QoS basic or advance mode.
Global
Configuration
show qos
Displays the QoS status.
User EXEC
wrr-queue cos-map
Maps assigned CoS values to select one of the
egress queues.
Global
Configuration
wrr-queue bandwidth
Assigns Weighted Round Robin (WRR) weights to
egress queues.
Interface
Configuration
priority-queue out numof-queues
Enables the egress queues to be expedite queues.
Global
Configuration
show qos interface
Displays interface QoS data.
User EXEC
qos map dscp-queue
Modifies the DSCP to CoS map.
Global
Configuration
Command Groups
qos trust (Global)
Configures the system to basic mode and the "trust"
state.
Global
Configuration
qos trust (Interface)
Enables each port trust state
Interface
Configuration
qos cos
Configures the default port CoS value.
Interface
Configuration
show qos map
Displays all the maps for QoS.
User EXEC
Radius Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
radius-server host
Specifies a RADIUS server host.
Global
Configuration
radius-server key
Sets the authentication and encryption key for all
RADIUS communications between the router and the
RADIUS daemon.
Global
Configuration
radius-server
retransmit
Specifies the number of times the software searches the
list of RADIUS server hosts.
Global
Configuration
radius-server source-ip
Specifies the source IP address used for communication
with RADIUS servers.
Global
Configuration
radius-server timeout
Sets the interval for which a router waits for a server host
to reply.
Global
Configuration
radius-server deadtime
Improves RADIUS response times when servers are
unavailable.
Global
Configuration
show radius-servers
Displays the RADIUS server settings.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
33
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
RMON Commands
Command Group
Description
Mode
show rmon statistics
Displays RMON Ethernet Statistics.
User EXEC
rmon collection history
Enables a Remote Monitoring (RMON) MIB history
statistics group on an interface.
Interface
Configuration
show rmon collection
history
Displays the requested history group configuration.
User EXEC
show rmon history
Displays RMON Ethernet Statistics history.
User EXEC
rmon alarm
Configures alarm conditions.
Global
Configuration
show rmon alarm-table
Displays the alarms summary table.
User EXEC
show rmon alarm
Displays alarm configurations.
User EXEC
rmon event
Configures a RMON event.
Global
Configuration
show rmon events
Displays the RMON event table.
User EXEC
show rmon log
Displays the RMON logging table.
User EXEC
rmon table-size
Configures the maximum RMON tables sizes.
Global
Configuration
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
snmp-server community
Sets up the community access string to permit access
to SNMP protocol.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server view
Creates or update a view entry,
Global
Configuration
snmp-server filter
Create or update a filter entry,
Global
Configuration
snmp-server contact
Sets up a system contact.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server location
Sets up the information on where the device is located.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server enable traps
Enables the switch to send SNMP traps or SNMP
notifications.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server trap
authentication
Enables the switch to send Simple Network
Management Protocol traps when authentication
failed.
Global
Configuration
SNMP Commands
34
Command Groups
snmp-server host
Specifies the recipient of Simple Network
Management Protocol notification operation,
Global
Configuration
snmp-server set
Sets SNMP MIB value by the CLI.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server group
Configures a new Simple Network Management
Protocol (SNMP) group, or a table that maps SNMP
users to SNMP views.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server user
Configure a new SNMP Version 3 user.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server v3-host
Specifies the recipient of Simple Network
Management Protocol Version 3 notifications.
Global
Configuration
snmp-server engineID
local
Specifies the Simple Network Management Protocol
(SNMP) engineID on the local device.
Global
Configuration
show snmp engineid
Displays the ID of the local Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) engine.
Privileged User
EXEC
show snmp
Displays the SNMP status..
Privileged User
EXEC
show snmp views
Displays the configuration of views.
Privileged User
EXEC
show snmp groups
Displays the configuration of groups.
Privileged User
EXEC
show snmp filters
Displays the configuration of filters.
Privileged User
EXEC
show snmp users
Displays the configuration of groups.
Privileged User
EXEC
Spanning Tree Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
spanning-tree
Enables spanning tree functionality.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree mode
Configures the spanning tree protocol.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree forwardtime
Configures the spanning tree bridge forward time.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree hello-time
Configures the spanning tree bridge Hello Time.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree max-age
Configures the spanning tree bridge maximum age.
Global
Configuration
Command Groups
35
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
spanning-tree priority
Configures the spanning tree priority.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree disable
Disables spanning tree on a specific port.
Interface
Configuration
spanning-tree cost
Configures the spanning tree path cost for a port.
Interface
Configuration
spanning-tree portpriority
Configures port priority.
Interface
Configuration
spanning-tree portfast
Enables PortFast mode.
Interface
Configuration
spanning-tree mst
priority
Configures the device priority for the specified
spanning-tree instance
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree mst maxhops
Configures the number of hops in an MST region
before the BDPU is discarded and the port information
is aged out.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree mst portpriority
Configures port priority for the specified MST
instance.
Interface
Configuration
sspanning-tree mst cost
Configures the path cost for multiple spanning tree
(MST) calculations.
Interface
Configuration
spanning-tree mst
configuration
Enables configuring an MST region by entering the
Multiple Spanning Tree (MST) mode.
Global
Configuration
instance (mst)
Maps VLANS to an MST instance.
MST
Configuration
mode
name (mst)
Defines the configuration name.
MST
Configuration
mode
revision (mst)
Defines the configuration revision number.
MST
Configuration
mode
show (mst)
Displays the current or pending MST region
MST
Configuration
mode
configuration.
exit (mst)
Exits the MST configuration mode and applies all
configuration changes.
abort (mst)
Exits the MST configuration mode without applying
the configuration changes
36
Command Groups
MST
Configuration
mode
MST
Configuration
mode
spanning-tree link-type
Overrides the default link-type setting.
Interface
Configuration
spanning-tree pathcost
method
Sets the default path cost method.
Global
Configuration
spanning-tree bpdu
Defines BPDU handling when spanning tree is
disabled on an interface.
Global
Configuration
clear spanning-tree
detected-protocols
Restarts the protocol migration process on all
interfaces or on the specified interface.
Privileged User
EXEC
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning tree configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
spanning-tree mst mstprstp
Configure the switch to convert STP/RSTP packets to
MSTP instances.
Global
Configuration
Spanning-tree guard root
Enables root guard on all the spanning tree instances
on that interface.
Interface
Configuration
SSH Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
ip ssh port
Specifies the port to be used by the SSH server.
Global
Configuration
ip ssh server
Enables the device to be configured from a SSH
server.
Global
Configuration
crypto key generate dsa
Generates DSA key pairs.
Global
Configuration
crypto key generate rsa
Generates RSA key pairs.
Global
Configuration
ip ssh pubkey-auth
Enables public key authentication for incoming
SSH sessions.
Global
Configuration
crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
Enters SSH Public Key-chain configuration mode.
Global
Configuration
user-key
Specifies which SSH public key is manually
configured and enters the SSH public key-string
configuration command.
SSH Public Key
key-string
Manually specifies a SSH public key.
SSH Public Key
show ip ssh
Displays the SSH server configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
show crypto key mypubkey
Displays the SSH public keys stored on the device.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
37
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
show crypto key pubkey-chain
ssh
Displays SSH public keys stored on the device.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
logging on
Controls error messages logging.
Global
Configuration
logging
Logs messages to a syslog server.
Global
Configuration
logging console
Limits messages logged to the console based on
severity.
Global
Configuration
logging buffered
Limits syslog messages displayed from an internal
buffer based on severity.
Global
Configuration
logging buffered size
Changes the number of syslog messages stored in
the internal buffer.
Global
Configuration
clear logging
Clears messages from the internal logging buffer.
Privileged User
EXEC
logging file
Limits syslog messages sent to the logging file
based on severity.
Global
Configuration
clear logging file
Clears messages from the logging file.
Privileged User
EXEC
show logging
Displays the state of logging and the syslog
messages stored in the internal buffer.
Privileged User
EXEC
show logging file
Displays the state of logging and the syslog
messages stored in the logging file.
Privileged User
EXEC
show syslog-servers
Displays the syslog servers settings.
Privileged User
EXEC
Syslog Commands
38
Command Groups
System Management Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
ping
Sends ICMP echo request packets to another
node on the network.
User EXEC
traceroute
Discovers the routes that packets will actually take
when traveling to their destination.
User EXEC
telnet
Logs in to a host that supports Telnet.
User EXEC
resume
Switches to another open Telnet session
User EXEC
reload
Reloads the operating system
Privileged User
EXEC
hostname
Specifies or modifies the device host name.
Global
Configuration
show users
Displays information about the active users.
User EXEC
show sessions
Lists the open Telnet sessions.
User EXEC
show system
Displays system information.
User EXEC
show version
Displays the system version information.
User EXEC
asset-tag
Specifies the device asset-tag.
Global
Configuration
show system id
Displays the service ID information.
User EXEC
TACACS Commands
Command Group
Description
Mode
tacacs-server host
Specifies a TACACS+ host.
Global
Configuration
tacacs-server key
Sets the authentication encryption key used for all
TACACS+ communications between the device
and the TACACS+ daemon.
Global
Configuration
tacacs-server source-ip
Specifies the source IP address that will be used
for the communication with TACACS servers.
Global
Configuration
tacacs-server timeout
Sets the timeout value.
Global
Configuration
show tacacs
Displays configuration and statistics for a
TACACS+ servers.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
39
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Interface Commands
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
enable
Enters the privileged EXEC mode.
All
disable
Returns to User EXEC mode.
All
login
Changes a login username.
All
configure
Enables the global configuration mode
All
exit(configuration)
Exits any configuration mode to the next highest mode in
the CLI mode hierarchy.
All
exit(EXEC)
Closes an active terminal session by logging off the device.
All
end
Ends the current configuration session and returns to the
previous command mode.
All
help
Displays a brief description of the help system.
All
history
Enables the command history function.
All
history size
Changes the command history buffer size for a particular
line.
All
debug-mode
Switches the mode to debug.
All
show history
Lists the commands entered in the current session.
All
show privilege
Displays the current privilege level.
All
VLAN Commands
40
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
vlan database
Enters the VLAN database configuration mode.
Global
Configuration
vlan
Creates a VLAN.
VLAN
Configuration
default-vlan disable
Disables the default VLAN functionality.
VLAN
Configuration
interface vlan
Enters the interface configuration (VLAN) mode.
Global
Configuration
interface range vlan
Enters the interface configuration mode to configure
multiple VLANs.
Global
Configuration
name
Configures a name to a VLAN.
Interface
Configuration
Command Groups
switchport access vlan
Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port.
Interface
Configuration
switchport access vlan
Configures the VLAN ID when the interface is in access
mode.
Interface
Configuration
switchport trunk
allowed vlan
Adds or removes VLANs from a port in general mode.
Interface
Configuration
switchport trunk native
vlan
Defines the port as a member of the specified VLAN, and
the VLAN ID is the "port default VLAN ID (PVID)".
Interface
Configuration
switchport general
allowed vlan
Adds or removes VLANs from a general port.
Interface
Configuration
switchport general pvid
Configures the PVID when the interface is in general
mode.
Interface
Configuration
switchport general
ingress-filtering disable
Disables port ingress filtering.
Interface
Configuration
switchport general
acceptable-frame-type
tagged-only
Discards untagged frames at ingress.
Interface
Configuration
switchport forbidden
vlan
Forbids adding specific VLANs to a port.
Interface
Configuration
map protocol
protocols-group
Adds a special protocol to a named group of protocols,
which may be used for protocol-based VLAN assignment.
VLAN
Configuration
switchport general map
protocols-group vlan
Sets a protocol-based classification rule.
Interface
Configuration
ip internal-usage-vlan
Reserves a VLAN as the internal usage VLAN of an
interface.
Interface
Configuration
show vlan
Displays VLAN information.
Privileged User
EXEC
show vlan internal
usage
Displays a list of VLANs being used internally by the
switch.
Privileged User
EXEC
show vlan protocolsgroups
Displays protocols-groups information.
Privileged User
EXEC
show interfaces
switchport
Displays switchport configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
switchport mode
Configures the VLAN membership mode of a port
Interface
configuration
(Ethernet, portchannel)
Command Groups
41
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
switchport customer
vlan
Sets the port's VLAN when
the interface is in customer mode.
Interface
configuration
(Ethernet, portchannel)
Web Server Commands
42
Command Group
Description
Access Mode
ip http server
Enables the device to be configured from a browser.
Global
Configuration
ip http port
Specifies the TCP port for use by a web browser to
configure the device.
Global
Configuration
ip https port
Configures a TCP port for use by a secure web browser to
configure the device.
Global
Configuration
ip https server
Enables the device to be configured from a secured
browser.
Global
Configuration
crypto certificate
generate
Generates a HTTPS certificate.
Global
Configuration
crypto certificate
request
Generates and displays certificate requests for
HTTPS.
Privileged User
EXEC
crypto certificate
import
Imports a certificate signed by Certification
Authority for HTTPS.
Global
Configuration
ip https certificate
Configures the active certificate for HTTPS.
Global
Configuration
crypto certificate
export pkcs12
Exports the certificate and the RSA keys within a
PKCS12 file
Privileged User
EXEC
show ip http
Displays the HTTP server configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
show ip https
Displays the HTTPS server configuration.
Privileged User
EXEC
show crypto certificate
mycertificate
Displays the SSL certificates of the device
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
802.1x Commands
Command
Description
Access Mode
aaa authentication
dot1x
Specifies one or more authentication, authorization, and
accounting (AAA) methods for use on interfaces running
IEEE 802.1X.
Global
Configuration
dot1x system-autocontrol
Enables 802.1x globally.
Global
Configuration
dot1x port-control
Enables manual control of the authorization state of the
port
Interface
Configuration
dot1x re-authentication
Enables periodic re-authentication of the client.
Interface
Configuration
dot1x timeout reauthperiod
Sets the number of seconds between re-authentication attempts.
Interface
Configuration
dot1x re-authenticate
Manually initiates a re-authentication of all 802.1Xenabled ports or the specified 802.1X-enabled port.
Privileged User
EXEC
dot1x timeout quietperiod
Sets the number of seconds that the switch remains
in the quiet state following a failed authentication
exchange.
Interface
Configuration
dot1x timeout tx-period
Sets the number of seconds that the switch waits for
a response to an Extensible Authentication Protocol
(EAP) - request/identity frame, from the client,
before resending the request.
Interface
Configuration
dot1x max-req
Sets the maximum number of times that the switch sends
an EAP - request/identity frame to the client, before
restarting the authentication process.
Interface
Configuration
dot1x timeout supptimeout
Sets the time for the retransmission of an Extensible
Authentication Protocol (EAP)-request frame to the
client.
Interface
Configuration
dot1x timeout servertimeout
Sets the time for the retransmission of packets to the
authentication server.
Interface
Configuration
show dot1x
Allows multiple hosts on an 802.1X-authorized port, that
has the dot1x port-control interface configuration command set to auto.
Interface
Configuration
show dot1x users
Displays 802.1X statistics for the specified interface.
Privileged User
EXEC
show dot1x statistics
Displays 802.1X statistics for the specified interface.
Privileged User
EXEC
Command Groups
43
44
Command Groups
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Modes
GC (Global Configuration) Mode
Command
Description
aaa authentication enable
Defines authentication method lists for accessing higher privilege
levels.
aaa authentication login
Defines login authentication.
aaa authentication dot1x
Specifies one or more authentication, authorization, and accounting
(AAA) methods for use on interfaces running IEEE 802.1X.
arp
Adds a permanent entry in the ARP cache.
arp timeout
Configures how long an entry remains in the ARP cache
asset-tag
Specifies the device asset-tag.
bridge aging-time
Sets the address table aging time.
bridge multicast filtering
Enables filtering of multicast addresses.
clock source
Configures an external time source for the system clock.
clock timezone
Sets the time zone for display purposes
clock summer-time
Configures the system to automatically switch to summer time
(daylight saving time).
crypto certificate generate
Generates a HTTPS certificate.
crypto certificate import
Imports a certificate signed by Certification Authority for HTTPS.
crypto key generate dsa
Generates DSA key pairs.
crypto key generate rsa
Generates RSA key pairs.
crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
Enters SSH Public Key-chain configuration mode.
dot1x system-auto-control
Enables 802.1x globally.
enable password
Sets a local password to control access to normal and privilege levels.
end
Ends the current configuration session and returns to the previous
command mode.
gvrp enable (global)
Enables GVRP globally.
hostname
Specifies or modifies the device host name.
interface ethernet
Enters the interface configuration mode to configure an Ethernet type
interface.
interface port-channel
Enters the interface configuration mode of a specific port-channel.
Command Modes
45
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
46
interface range ethernet
Enters the interface configuration mode to configure multiple ethernet
type interfaces.
interface range port-channel
Enters the interface configuration mode to configure multiple portchannels.
interface range vlan
Enters the interface configuration mode to configure multiple VLANs.
interface vlan
Enters the interface configuration (VLAN) mode.
ip default-gateway
Defines a default gateway.
ip domain-lookup
Enables the IP Domain Naming System (DNS)-based host name-toaddress translation.
ip domain-name
Defines a default domain name, that the software uses to complete
unqualified host names.
ip host
Defines static host name-to-address mapping in the host cache.
ip http authentication
Specifies authentication methods for http.
ip http port
Specifies the TCP port for use by a web browser to configure the
device.
ip http server
Enables the device to be configured from a browser.
ip https authentication
Specifies authentication methods for https
ip https certificate
Configures the active certificate for HTTPS. Use the no form of this
command to return to default.
ip https server
Enables the device to be configured from a secured browser.
ip https port
Configures a TCP port for use by a secure web browser to configure
the device.
ip igmp snooping (Global)
Enables Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping
ip name-server
Sets the available name servers.
ip ssh port
Specifies the port to be used by the SSH server.
ip ssh pubkey-auth
Enables public key authentication for incoming SSH sessions.
ip ssh server
Enables the device to be configured from a SSH server.
lacp system-priority
Configures the system LACP priority.
line
Identifies a specific line for configuration and enters the line
configuration command mode.
logging
Logs messages to a syslog server.
logging buffered
Limits syslog messages displayed from an internal buffer based on
severity.
logging buffered size
Changes the number of syslog messages stored in the internal buffer.
logging console
Limits messages logged to the console based on severity.
Command Modes
logging file
Limits syslog messages sent to the logging file based on severity.
logging on
Controls error messages logging.
login authentication
Specifies the login authentication method list for a remote telnet or
console.
management access-class
Defines which management access-list is used.
management access-list
Defines a management access-list, and enters the access-list for
configuration.
port jumbo-frame
Enables jumbo frames for the device.
port storm-control includemulticast
Enables the device to count multicast packets.
priority-queue out num-ofqueues
Enables the egress queues to be expedite queues.
qos
Enables quality of service (QoS) on the device and enters QoS basic or
advance mode.
qos map dscp-queue
Modifies the DSCP to CoS map.
qos trust (Global)
Configure the system to "trust" state.
radius-server deadtime
Improves RADIUS response times when servers are unavailable.
radius-server host
Specifies a RADIUS server host.
radius-server key
Sets the authentication and encryption key for all RADIUS
communications between the router and the RADIUS daemon.
radius-server retransmit
Specifies the number of times the software searches the list of RADIUS
server hosts.
radius-server source-ip
Specifies the source IP address used for communication with RADIUS
servers.
radius-server timeout
Sets the interval for which a router waits for a server host to reply.
rmon alarm
Configures alarm conditions.
rmon event
Configures a RMON event.
rmon table-size
Configures the maximum RMON tables sizes.
snmp-server community
Sets up the community access string to permit access to SNMP
protocol.
snmp-server contact
Sets up a system contact.
snmp-server enable traps
Enables the switch to send SNMP traps or SNMP notifications.
snmp-server host
Specifies the recipient of Simple Network Management Protocol
notification operation.
snmp-server location
Sets up the information on where the device is located.
Command Modes
47
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
snmp-server set
Sets SNMP MIB value by the CLI.
snmp-server trap
authentication
Enables the switch to send Simple Network Management Protocol traps
when authentication failed.
sntp authenticate
Grants authentication for received Network Time Protocol (NTP)
traffic from servers.
sntp authentication-key
Defines an authentication key for Simple Network Time Protocol
(SNTP).
spanning-tree
Enables spanning tree functionality.
spanning-tree bpdu
Defines BPDU handling when spanning tree is disabled on an interface
spanning-tree forward-time
Configures the spanning tree bridge forward time.
spanning-tree hello-time
Configures the spanning tree bridge Hello Time.
spanning-tree max-age
Configures the spanning tree bridge maximum age.
spanning-tree mode
Configures the spanning tree protocol.
spanning-tree pathcost method
Sets the default pathcost method.
spanning-tree priority
Configures the spanning tree priority.
tacacs-server key
Sets the authentication encryption key used for all TACACS+
communications between the device and the TACACS+ daemon.
tacacs-server source-ip
Specifies the source IP address that will be used for the communication
with TACACS servers.
tacacs-server timeout
Sets the timeout value.
tacacs-server host
Specifies a TACACS+ host.
username
Establishes a username-based authentication system.
vlan database
Enters the VLAN database configuration mode.
wrr-queue cos-map
Maps assigned CoS values to select one of the egress queues.
IC (Interface Configuration) Mode
48
Command
Description
back-pressure
Enables Back Pressure on a given interface.
channel-group
Associates a port with a Port-channel.
clear host dhcp
Sets an IP address on the device.
description
Adds a description to an interface.
dot1x auth-not-req
Enables unauthorized users access to that VLAN
Command Modes
dot1x max-req
Sets the maximum number of times that the switch sends an EAP request/identity frame to the client, before restarting the authentication
process.
show dot1x
Allows multiple hosts on an 802.1X-authorized port, that has the dot1x
port-control interface configuration command set to auto.
dot1x port-control
Enables manual control of the authorization state of the port
dot1x re-authentication
Enables periodic re-authentication of the client.
dot1x single-host-violation
Configures the action to be taken, when a station whose MAC address is
not the supplicant MAC address, attempts to access the interface.
dot1x timeout quiet-period
Sets the number of seconds that the switch remains in the quiet state
following a failed authentication exchange.
dot1x timeout re-authperiod
Sets the number of seconds between re-authentication attempts.
dot1x timeout server-timeout
Sets the time for the retransmission of packets to the authentication
server
dot1x timeout supp-timeout
Sets the time for the retransmission of an EAP-request frame to the
client.
dot1x timeout tx-period
Sets the number of seconds that the switch waits for a response to
an Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) - request/identity
frame, from the client, before resending the request.
show dot1x
Sets the number of seconds that the switch waits for a response to an
EAP request/identity frame, from the client, before resending the
request.
duplex
Configures the full/half duplex operation of a given ethernet interface
when not using auto-negotiation.
flowcontrol
Configures the Flow Control on a given interface.
garp timer
Adjusts the GARP application join, leave, and leaveall GARP timer
values.
gvrp enable (interface)
Enables GVRP on an interface.
gvrp registration-forbid
De-registers all VLANs, and prevents dynamic VLAN registration on the
port.
gvrp vlan-creation-forbid
Enables or disables dynamic VLAN creation.
ip address
Sets an IP address
ip address dhcp
Acquires an IP address on an interface from the DHCP server.
ip internal-usage-vlan
Reserves a VLAN as the internal usage VLAN of an interface.
lacp port-priority
Configures the priority value for physical ports.
lacp timeout
Assigns an administrative LACP timeout.
mdix
Enables automatic crossover on a given interface.
Command Modes
49
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
name
Configures a name to a VLAN.
negotiation
Enables auto-negotiation operation for the speed and duplex parameters
of a given interface.
port monitor
Starts a port monitoring session.
port security
Disables new address learning on an interface.
port security routed secureaddress
Adds MAC-layer secure addresses to a routed port.
port storm-control broadcast
enable
Enables broadcast storm control.
port storm-control broadcast
rate
Configures the maximum broadcast rate.
qos cos
Configures the default port CoS value.
qos trust (Interface)
Enables each port trust state while the system is in basic mode.
rmon collection history
Enables a Remote Monitoring (RMON) MIB history statistics group on
an interface.
shutdown
Disables interfaces.
sntp client enable (interface)
Enables the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) client on an
interface.
spanning-tree cost
Configures the spanning tree path cost for a port.
spanning-tree disable
Disables spanning tree on a specific port.
spanning-tree link-type
Overrides the default link-type setting.
spanning-tree portfast
Enables PortFast mode.
spanning-tree port-priority
Configures port priority.
speed
Configures the speed of a given ethernet interface when not using autonegotiation.
qos map dscp-queue
Defines the wrr-queue mechanism on an egress queue.
wrr-queue bandwidth
Assigns Weighted Round Robin (WRR) weights to egress queues.
LC (Line Configuration) Mode
50
Command
Description
enable authentication
Specifies the authentication method list when accessing a higher
privilege level from a remote telnet or console.
exec-timeout
Configures the interval that the system waits until user input is detected.
history
Enables the command history function.
Command Modes
history size
Changes the command history buffer size for a particular line.
password
Specifies a password on a line.
autobaud
Sets the line for automatic baud rate detection
speed
Sets the line baud rate.
MA (Management Access-level) Mode
Command
Description
deny (management)
Defines a deny rule.
permit (management)
Defines a permit rule.
PE (Privileged User EXEC) Mode
Command
Description
show dot1x users
Displays 802.1X statistics for the specified interface.
boot system
Specifies the system image that the device loads at startup.
clear arp-cache
Deletes all dynamic entries from the ARP cache.
clear bridge
Removes any learned entries from the forwarding database.
clear gvrp statistics
Clears all the GVRP statistics information.
clear host
Deletes entries from the host name-to-address cache
clear host dhcp
Deletes entries from the host name-to-address mapping received from
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).
clear logging
Clears messages from the internal logging buffer.
clear logging file
Clears messages from the logging file
clear spanning-tree detectedprotocols
Restarts the protocol migration process on all interfaces or on the
specified interface.
clock set
Manually sets the system clock.
configure
Enters the global configuration mode.
copy
Copies files from a source to a destination.
crypto certificate request
Generates and displays certificate requests for HTTPS.
dot1x re-authenticate
Manually initiates a re-authentication of all 802.1X-enabled ports or the
specified 802.1X-enabled port.
login
Returns to User EXEC mode.
reload
Reloads the operating system.
Command Modes
51
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
52
set interface active
Reactivates an interface that was suspended by the system.
show arp
Displays entries in the ARP table.
show authentication methods
Displays information about the authentication methods.
show bootvar
Displays the active system image file that the device loads at startup
show bridge address-table
Displays dynamically created entries in the bridge-forwarding database.
show bridge address-table
count
Displays the number of addresses present in all VLANs or at specific
VLAN.
show bridge multicast addresstable
Displays statically created entries in the bridge-forwarding database.
show bridge multicast addresstable
Displays multicast MAC address table information.
show bridge multicast filtering
Displays the multicast filtering configuration.
show copper-ports cablelength
Displays the estimated copper cable length attached to a port.
show copper-ports tdr
Displays the last TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) tests on specified
ports.
show crypto key mypubkey
Displays the SSH public keys stored on the device.
show crypto key pubkey-chain
ssh
Displays SSH public keys stored on the device.
show crypto certificate
mycertificate
Displays the SSL certificates of the device
show dot1x
Displays 802.1X status for the switch or for the specified interface.
show dot1x advanced
Displays 802.1X enhanced features for the switch or for the specified
interface.
show dot1x users
Displays 802.1X users for the switch.
show fiber-ports opticaltransceiver
Displays the optical transceiver diagnostics.
show ip ssh
Displays the SSH server configuration.
show lacp port-channel
Displays LACP information for a port-channel.
show logging
Displays the state of logging and the syslog messages stored in the
internal buffer.
show logging file
Displays the state of logging and the syslog messages stored in the
logging file.
show management access-class
Displays the active management access-list.
show management access-list
Displays management access-lists.
show ports security
Displays the port-lock status.
Command Modes
show ports storm-control
Displays the storm control configuration.
show radius-servers
Displays the RADIUS server settings.
show running-config
Displays the contents of the currently running configuration file.
show snmp
Displays the SNMP status.
show spanning-tree
Displays spanning tree configuration.
show startup-config
Displays the startup configuration file contents.
show syslog-servers
Displays the syslog servers settings.
show tacacs
Displays configuration and statistics for a TACACS+ servers.
show users accounts
Displays information about the local user database.
test copper-port tdr
Diagnoses with TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) technology the
quality and characteristics of a copper cable attached to a port.
SP (SSH Public Key) Mode
Command
Description
key-string
Manually specifies a SSH public key.
user-key
Specifies which SSH public key is manually configured and enters the
SSH public key-string configuration command
UE (User EXEC) Mode
Command
Description
clear counters
Clears statistics on an interface.
enable
Enters the privileged EXEC mode.
exit(EXEC)
Closes an active terminal session by logging off the device.
login
Changes a login username.
ping
Sends ICMP echo request packets to another node on the network.
show clock
Displays the time and date from the system clock.
show gvrp configuration
Displays GVRP configuration information.
show gvrp error-statistics
Displays GVRP error statistics.
clear gvrp statistics
Displays GVRP statistics.
show history
Lists the commands entered in the current session.
Command Modes
53
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
54
show hosts
Displays the default domain name, a list of name server hosts, the static
and the cached list of host names and addresses.
show interfaces configuration
Displays the configuration for all configured interfaces.
show interfaces counters
Displays traffic seen by the physical interface.
show interfaces description
Displays the description for all configured interfaces.
port channel load balance
Displays Port-channel information.
show interfaces status
Displays the status for all configured interfaces.
show ip igmp snooping groups
Displays multicast groups learned by IGMP snooping.
show ip igmp snooping
interface
Displays IGMP snooping configuration.
show ip igmp snooping
mrouter
Displays information on dynamically learned multicast router
interfaces.
show ip interface
Displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IP.
show lacp ethernet
Displays LACP information for Ethernet ports.
show line
Displays line parameters.
show ports jumbo-frame
Displays the jumbo frames configuration.
show ports monitor
Displays the port monitoring status.
show privilege
Displays the current privilege level.
show qos
Displays the QoS status.
show qos interface
Assigns CoS values to select one of the egress queues.
show qos map
Displays all the maps for QoS.
show rmon alarm
Displays alarm configurations.
show rmon alarm-table
Displays the alarms summary table.
show rmon collection history
Displays the requested history group configuration.
show rmon events
Displays the RMON event table.
show rmon history
Displays RMON Ethernet Statistics history.
show rmon log
Displays the RMON logging table.
show rmon statistics
Displays RMON Ethernet Statistics.
show system
Displays system information.
show system id
Displays the service id information.
show users
Displays information about the active users.
show version
Displays the system version information.
Command Modes
VC (VLAN Configuration) Mode
Command
Description
bridge address
Adds a static MAC-layer station source address to the bridge table.
bridge multicast address
Registers MAC-layer multicast addresses to the bridge table, and adds
static ports to the group.
bridge multicast forbidden
address
Forbids adding a specific multicast address to specific ports.
bridge multicast forbidden
forward-all
Enables forbidding forwarding of all multicast frames to a port.
bridge multicast forward-all
Enables forwarding of all multicast frames on a port.
ip igmp snooping (Interface)
Enables Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping on a
specific VLAN.
ip igmp snooping host-timeout
Configures the host-time-out.
ip igmp snooping leave-timeout
Configures the leave-time-out.
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
Enables automatic learning of multicast router ports in the context of a
specific VLAN.
ip igmp snooping mroutertime-out
Configures the mrouter-time-out.
vlan
Creates a VLAN.
Command Modes
55
56
Command Modes
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Using the CLI
This chapter describes how to start using the CLI and describes implemented command editing
features to assist in using the CLI.
CLI Command Modes
Introduction
To assist in configuring devices, the CLI [Command Line Interface] is divided into different
command modes. Each command mode has its own set of specific commands. Entering a question
mark "?" at the system prompt (console prompt) displays a list of commands available for that
particular command mode.
From each mode a specific command is used to navigate from one command mode to another. The
standard order to access the modes is as follows: User EXEC mode, Privileged EXEC mode, Global
Configuration mode, and Interface Configuration mode. The following figure illustrates the
command mode access path.
Using the CLI
57
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
When starting a session, the initial mode is the User EXEC mode. Only a limited subset of
commands are available in User EXEC Mode. This level is reserved for tasks that do not change the
configuration. To enter the next level, the Privileged EXEC mode, a password is required.
The Privileged mode gives access to commands that are restricted on EXEC mode and provides
access to the device Configuration mode.
The Global Configuration mode manages the device configuration on a global level.
The Interface Configuration mode configures specific interfaces in the device.
User EXEC Mode
After logging into the device, the user is automatically in User EXEC command mode unless the
user is defined as a privileged user. In general, the User EXEC commands allow the user to perform
basic tests, and list system information.
The user-level prompt consists of the device "host name" followed by the angle bracket (>).
console>
The default host name is "Console" unless it has been changed using the hostname command in
the Global Configuration mode.
Privileged EXEC Mode
Privileged access is password protected to prevent unauthorized use because many of the privileged
commands set operating system parameters: The password is not displayed on the screen and is
case sensitive.
Privileged users enter directly into the Privileged EXEC mode. To enter the Privileged EXEC mode
from the User EXEC mode, perform the following steps:
1
At the prompt enter the command enable and press <Enter>. A password prompt is
displayed.
2
Enter the password and press <Enter>. The password is displayed as "*". The Privileged
EXEC mode prompt is displayed. The Privileged EXEC mode prompt consists of the device
"host name" followed by "#".
console#
To return from Privileged Exec mode to User EXEC mode, type the disable command at the
command prompt.
58
Using the CLI
The following example illustrates how to access Privileged Exec mode and return back to the User
EXEC mode:
console>enable
Enter Password: ******
console#
console#disable
console>
The Exit command is used to return from any mode to the previous mode except when returning
to User EXEC mode from the Privileged EXEC mode. For example, the Exit command is used to
return from the Interface Configuration mode to the Global Configuration mode
Global Configuration Mode
Global Configuration mode commands apply to features that affect the system as a whole, rather
than just a specific interface. The Privileged EXEC mode command configure is used to enter the
Global Configuration mode.
To enter the Global Configuration mode perform the following steps:"
1
At the Privileged EXEC mode prompt enter the command configure and press <Enter>.
The Global Configuration mode prompt is displayed. The Global Configuration mode
prompt consists of the device "host name" followed by the word "(config)" and "#".
console(config)#
To return from the Global Configuration mode to the Privileged EXEC mode, the user can use one
of the following commands:
•
exit
•
end
•
Ctrl+Z
The following example illustrates how to access Global Configuration mode and returns to the
Privileged EXEC mode:
console#
console#configure
console(config)#exit
console#
Using the CLI
59
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Interface Configuration Mode and Specific Configuration Modes
Interface Configuration mode commands are to modify specific interface operations. The
following are the Interface Configuration modes:
•
Line Interface—Contains commands to configure the management connections. These
include commands such as line speed, timeout settings, etc. The Global Configuration mode
command line is used to enter the Line Configuration command mode.
•
VLAN Database—Contains commands to create a VLAN as a whole. The Global
Configuration mode command vlan database is used to enter the VLAN Database Interface
Configuration mode.
•
Management Access List—Contains commands to define management access-lists. The
Global Configuration mode command management access-list is used to enter the
Management Access List Configuration mode.
•
Ethernet—Contains commands to manage port configuration. The Global Configuration
mode command interface ethernet is used to enter the Interface Configuration mode to
configure an Ethernet type interface.
•
Port Channel—Contains commands to configure port-channels, for example, assigning ports
to a VLAN or port-channel. Most of these commands are the same as the commands in the
Ethernet interface mode, and are used to manage the member ports as a single entity. The
Global Configuration mode command interface port-channel is used to enter the Port
Channel Interface Configuration mode.
•
SSH Public Key-chain—Contains commands to manually specify other device SSH public
keys. The Global Configuration mode command crypto key pubkey-chain ssh is used to enter
the SSH Public Key-chain Configuration mode.
•
Interface—Contains commands that configure the interface. The Global Configuration
mode command interface ethernet is used to enter the Interface Configuration mode.
•
QoS—Contains commands related to service definitions. The Global Configuration mode
command qos config-services is used to enter the QoS services configuration mode.
Starting the CLI
The switch can be managed over a direct connection to the switch console port, or via a Telnet
connection. The switch is managed by entering command keywords and parameters at the prompt.
Using the switch command-line interface (CLI) is very similar to entering commands on a UNIX
system.
If access is via a Telnet connection, ensure the device has an IP address defined, corresponding
management access is granted, and the workstation used to access the device is connected to the
device prior to using CLI commands.
NOTE: The following steps are for use on the console line only.
To start using the CLI, perform the following steps:
60
Using the CLI
1
Start the device and wait until the startup procedure is complete.
The User Exec mode is entered, and the prompt "Console>" is displayed.
2
Configure the device and enter the necessary commands to complete the required tasks.
3
When finished, exit the session with the quit or exit command.
When a different user is required to log onto the system, in the Privileged EXEC mode command
mode the login command is entered. This effectively logs off the current user and logs on the new
user.
Editing Features
Entering Commands
A CLI command is a series of keywords and arguments. Keywords identify a command, and
arguments specify configuration parameters. For example, in the command "show interfaces status
ethernet g5," show, interfaces and status are keywords, ethernet is an argument that specifies the
interface type, and g5 specifies the port.
To enter commands that require parameters, enter the required parameters after the command
keyword. For example, to set a password for the administrator, enter:
Console(config)# username admin password smith
When working with the CLI, the command options are not displayed. The command is not
selected from a menu but is manually entered. To see what commands are available in each mode
or within an interface configuration, the CLI does provide a method of displaying the available
commands, the command syntax requirements and in some instances parameters required to
complete the command. The standard command to request help is?.
There are two instances where the help information can be displayed:
•
Keyword lookup—The character ? is entered in place of a command. A list of all valid
commands and corresponding help messages are displayed.
•
Partial keyword lookup—A command is incomplete and the character ? is entered in place of
a parameter. The matched parameters for this command are displayed.
To assist in using the CLI, there is an assortment of editing features. The following features are
described:
•
Terminal Command Buffer
•
Command Completion
•
Keyboard Shortcuts
Using the CLI
61
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Terminal Command Buffer
Every time a command is entered in the CLI, it is recorded on an internally managed Command
History buffer. Commands stored in the buffer are maintained on a First In First Out (FIFO)
basis.These commands can be recalled, reviewed, modified, and reissued. This buffer is not
preserved across device resets.
Keyword
Source or destination
Up-arrow key
Ctrl+P
Recalls commands in the history buffer, beginning with the most recent
command. Repeats the key sequence to recall successively older
commands.
Down-arrow key
Returns to more recent commands in the history buffer after recalling
commands with the up-arrow key. Repeating the key sequence will recall
successively more recent commands.
By default, the history buffer system is enabled, but it can be disabled at any time. For information
about the command syntax to enable or disable the history buffer, see history.
There is a standard default number of commands that are stored in the buffer. The standard
number of 10 commands can be increased to 256. By configuring 0, the effect is the same as
disabling the history buffer system. For information about the command syntax for configuring the
command history buffer, see history size.
To display the history buffer, see show history.
Negating the Effect of Commands
For many configuration commands, the prefix keyword "no" can be entered to cancel the effect of a
command or reset the configuration to the default value. This guide describes the negation effect
for all applicable commands.
Command Completion
If the command entered is incomplete, invalid, or has missing or invalid parameters, then the
appropriate error message is displayed. This assists in entering the correct command. By pressing
the <Tab> button, an incomplete command is entered. If the characters already entered are not
enough for the system to identify a single matching command, press "?" to display the available
commands matching the characters already entered.
Incorrect or incomplete commands are automatically re-entered next to the cursor. If a parameter
must be added, the parameter can be added to the basic command already displayed next to the
cursor. The following example indicates that the command interface ethernet requires a missing
parameter.
(config)#interface ethernet
%missing mandatory parameter
(config)#interface ethernet
62
Using the CLI
Keyboard Shortcuts
The CLI has a range of keyboard shortcuts to assist in editing the CLI commands. The following
table describes the CLI shortcuts.
Keyboard Key
Description
Up-arrow key
Recalls commands from the history buffer, beginning with the most recent
command. Repeat the key sequence to recall successively older commands.
Down-arrow key
Returns the most recent commands from the history buffer after recalling
commands with the up arrow key. Repeating the key sequence will recall
successively more recent commands.
Ctrl+A
Moves the cursor to the beginning of the command line.
Ctrl+E
Moves the cursor to the end of the command line.
Ctrl+Z / End
Returns back to the Privileged EXEC mode from any mode.
Backspace key
Moves the cursor back one space.
CLI Command Conventions
When entering commands there are certain command entry standards that apply to all commands.
The following table describes the command conventions.
Convention
Description
[]
In a command line, square brackets indicates an optional entry.
{}
In a command line, curly brackets indicate a selection of compulsory
parameters separated by the | character. One option must be selected. For
example: flowcontrol {auto|on|off} means that for the flowcontrol
command either auto, on or off must be selected.
Italic font
Indicates a parameter.
<Enter>
Any individual key on the keyboard. For example click <Enter>.
Ctrl+F4
Any combination keys pressed simultaneously on the keyboard.
Screen
Display
Indicates system messages and prompts appearing on the console.
all
When a parameter is required to define a range of ports or parameters
and all is an option, the default for the command is all when no
parameters are defined. For example, the command interface range portchannel has the option of either entering a range of channels, or selecting
all. When the command is entered without a parameter, it automatically
defaults to all.
Using the CLI
63
64
Using the CLI
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
AAA Commands
aaa authentication login
The aaa authentication login Global Configuration mode commands defines login authentication.
To return to the default configuration, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
aaa authentication login {default | list-name} method1 [method2...]
no aaa authentication login {default | list-name}
•
default—Uses the listed authentication methods that follow this argument as the default
list of methods when a user logs in.
•
list-name—Character string used to name the list of authentication methods activated
when a user logs in.
•
method1 [method2...]—Specify at least one from the following table:
Keyword
Source or destination
enable
Uses the enable password for authentication.
line
Uses the line password for authentication.
local
Uses the local username database for authentication.
none
Uses no authentication.
radius
Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for authentication.
tacacs
Uses the list of all TACACS servers for authentication.
Default Configuration
The local user database is checked. This has the same effect as the command aaa
authentication login list-name local.
NOTE: On the console, login succeeds without any authentication check if the authentication method is
not defined.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The default and optional list names created with the aaa authentication login command are
used with the login authentication command.
AAA Commands
65
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
Create a list by entering the aaa authentication login list-name method command for a
particular protocol, where list-name is any character string used to name this list. The method
argument identifies the list of methods that the authentication algorithm tries, in the given
sequence.
•
The additional methods of authentication are used only if the previous method returns an
error, not if it fails. To ensure that the authentication succeeds even if all methods return an
error, specify none as the final method in the command line.
Example
The following example configures authentication login.
Console (config)# aaa authentication login default radius local
enable none
aaa authentication enable
The aaa authentication enable Global Configuration mode command defines authentication
method lists for accessing higher privilege levels. To return to the default configuration use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
aaa authentication enable {default | list-name} method1 [method2...]
no aaa authentication enable default
66
•
default—Uses the listed authentication methods that follow this argument as the default
list of methods, when using higher privilege levels.
•
list-name—Character string used to name the list of authentication methods activated,
when using access higher privilege levels.
•
method1 [method2...]—Specify at least one from the following table:
Keyword
Source or destination
enable
Uses the enable password for authentication.
line
Uses the line password for authentication.
none
Uses no authentication.
radius
Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for authentication. Uses username
"$enabx$." where x is the privilege level.
tacacs
Uses the list of all TACACS+ servers for authentication. Uses
username "$enabx$." where x is the privilege level.
AAA Commands
Default Configuration
If the default list is not set, only the enable password is checked. This has the same effect as
the command aaa authentication enable default enable.
On the console, the enable password is used if it exists. If no password is set, the process still
succeeds. This has the same effect as using the command aaa authentication enable default
enable none.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The default and optional list names created with the aaa authentication enable command are
used with the enable authentication command.
•
Create a list by entering the aaa authentication enable list-name method command where
list-name is any character string used to name this list. The method argument identifies the
list of methods that the authentication algorithm tries, in the given sequence.
•
The additional methods of authentication are used only if the previous method returns an
error, not if it fails. To ensure that the authentication succeeds even if all methods return an
error, specify none as the final method in the command line.
•
All aaa authentication enable default requests sent by the device to a RADIUS or TACACS
server include the username "$enab15$".
Example
The following example sets authentication when accessing higher privilege levels.
Console (config)# aaa authentication enable default enable
login authentication
The login authentication Line Configuration mode command specifies the login authentication
method list for a remote telnet, SSH or console. To return to the default specified by the
authentication login command, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
login authentication {default | list-name}
no login authentication
•
default—Uses the default list created with the authentication login command.
•
list-name—Uses the indicated list created with the authentication login command.
AAA Commands
67
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
Uses the default set with the command authentication login.
Command Mode
Line Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Changing login authentication from default to another value may disconnect the telnet
session.
Example
The following example specifies the default authentication method for a console.
Console (config)# line console
Console (config-line)# login authentication default
enable authentication
The enable authentication Line Configuration mode command specifies the authentication
method list when accessing a higher privilege level from a remote telnet, SSH or console. To return
to the default specified by the enable authentication command, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
enable authentication {default | list-name}
no enable authentication
•
default—Uses the default list created with the authentication enable command.
•
list-name—Uses the indicated list created with the authentication enable command.
Default Configuration
Uses the default set with the command authentication enable.
Command Mode
Line Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example specifies the default authentication method when accessing a higher
privilege level from a console.
68
AAA Commands
Console (config)# line console
Console (config-line)# enable authentication default
ip http authentication
The ip http authentication Global Configuration mode command specifies authentication
methods for http. To return to the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip http authentication method1 [method2...]
no ip http authentication
•
method1 [method2...]—Specify at least one from the following table:
Keyword
Source or destination
local
Uses the local username database for authentication.
none
Uses no authentication.
radius
Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for authentication.
tacacs
Uses the list of all TACACS servers for authentication.
Default Configuration
The local user database is checked. This has the same effect as the command ip http
authentication local.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The additional methods of authentication are used only if the previous method returns an
error, not if it fails. To ensure that the authentication succeeds even if all methods return an
error, specify none as the final method in the command line.
Example
The following example configures the http authentication.
Console (config)# ip http authentication radius local
Console (config)# ip http authentication tacacs local
AAA Commands
69
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
ip https authentication
The ip https authentication Global Configuration mode command specifies authentication
methods for https servers. To return to the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip https authentication method1 [method2...]
no ip https authentication
•
method1 [method2...]—Specify at least one from the following table:
Keyword
Source or destination
local
Uses the local username database for authentication.
none
Uses no authentication.
radius
Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for authentication.
tacacs
Uses the list of all TACACS servers for authentication.
Default Configuration
The local user database is checked. This has the same effect as the command ip https
authentication local.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The additional methods of authentication are used only if the previous method returns an
error, not if it fails. To ensure that the authentication succeeds even if all methods return an
error, specify none as the final method in the command line.
Example
The following example configures https authentication.
Console (config)# ip https authentication radius local
Console (config)# ip https authentication tacacs local
show authentication methods
The authentication methods Privilege EXEC mode command displays information about the
authentication methods.
70
AAA Commands
Syntax
show authentication methods
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the authentication configuration.
AAA Commands
71
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show authentication methods
Login Authentication Method Lists
----------------------------------Console_Default: None
Network_Default: Local
Enable
Authentication Method Lists
----------------------------------Console_Default: Enable None
Network_Default: Enable
Line
Login Method List
Enable Method List
--------------
-----------------
------------------
Console
Default
Default
Telnet
Default
Default
SSH
Default
Default
http
: Tacacs
Local
https
: Tacacs
Local
dot1x
:
password
The password Line Configuration mode command specifies a password on a line. To remove the
password, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
password password [encrypted]
no password
72
•
password—Password for this level, from 1 to 159 characters in length.
•
encrypted—Encrypted password to be entered, copied from another device
configuration.
AAA Commands
Default Configuration
No password is required.
Command Mode
Line Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example specifies a password "secret" on a line.
Console (config-line)# password secret
enable password
The enable password Global Configuration mode command sets a local password to control access
to normal and privilege levels. To remove the password requirement, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
enable password [level level] password [encrypted]
no enable password [level level]
•
password—Password for this level, from 1 to 159 characters in length.
•
level level—Level for which the password applies. If not specified the level is 15
(Range: 1-15).
•
encrypted—Encrypted password entered, copied from another device configuration.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
AAA Commands
73
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example sets a local level 15 password "secret" to control access to user and privilege
levels.
Console (config)# enable password level 15 secret
username
The username Global Configuration mode command establishes a username-based authentication
system. To remove a user name use the no form of this command.
Syntax
username name [password password] [level level] [encrypted]
no username name
•
name—The name of the user. (Range: 1 - 20 characters)
•
password—The authentication password for the user. (Range: 1 - 159 characters).
•
level—The user level (Range: 1 -15).
•
encrypted—Encrypted password entered, copied from another device configuration.
Default Configuration
No user is defined.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
No password is required.
Example
The following example configures user "bob" with the password "lee" and user level 15 to the
system.
Console (config)# username bob password lee level 15
show users accounts
The show users accounts Privileged EXEC mode command displays information about the local
user database.
74
AAA Commands
Syntax
show users accounts
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the local users configured with access to the system.
Console# show users accounts
Username
Privilege
--------
---------
Bob
15
Robert
15
AAA Commands
75
76
AAA Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Address Table Commands
bridge address
The bridge address VLAN Interface Configuration mode command adds a static MAC-layer
station source address to the bridge table. To delete the MAC address, use the no form of the
bridge address command (using the no form of the command without specifying a MAC address
deletes all static MAC addresses belonging to this VLAN).
Syntax
bridge address mac-address {ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number}
[permanent | delete-on-reset | delete-on-timeout | secure]
no bridge address [mac-address]
•
mac-address—A valid MAC address in the format of xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel number.
•
permanent—The address can only be deleted by the no bridge address command.
•
delete-on-reset—The address is deleted after reset.
•
delete-on-timeout—The address is deleted after "age out" time has expired.
•
secure—The address is deleted after the port changes mode to unlock learning (no port
security command). This parameter is only available when the port is in learning locked
mode.
Default Configuration
No static addresses are defined. The default mode for an added address is permanent.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example adds a permanent static MAC-layer station source address 3aa2.64b3.a245
on port g8 to the bridge table.
Address Table Commands
77
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-vlan)# bridge address 3a:a2:64:b3:a2:45 ethernet
g8 permanent
bridge multicast filtering
The bridge multicast filtering Global Configuration mode command enables filtering of multicast
addresses. To disable filtering of multicast addresses, use the no form of the bridge multicast
filtering command.
Syntax
bridge multicast filtering
no bridge multicast filtering
Default Configuration
Disabled. All multicast addresses are flooded to all ports.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
If devices exist on the VLAN, do not change the unregistered multicast addresses state to
drop on the devices ports.
•
If multicast routers exist on the VLAN and IGMP-snooping is not enabled, the bridge
multicast forward-all command should be used to enable forwarding all multicast packets to
the multicast routers.
Example
In this example, bridge multicast filtering is enabled.
Console (config)# bridge multicast filtering
bridge multicast address
The bridge multicast address Interface Configuration mode command registers MAC-layer
multicast addresses to the bridge table, and adds static ports to the group. To unregister the MAC
address, use the no form of the bridge multicast address command.
Syntax
bridge multicast address {mac-multicast-address | ip-multicast-address}
78
Address Table Commands
bridge multicast address {mac-multicast-address | ip-multicast-address} [add | remove]
{ethernet interface-list | port-channel port-channel-number-list}
no bridge multicast address {mac-multicast-address | ip-multicast-address}
•
add—Adds ports to the group. If no option is specified, this is the default option.
•
remove—Removes ports from the group.
•
mac-multicast-address—MAC multicast address in the format of xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
•
ip- multicast-address—IP multicast address.
•
interface-list—Separate nonconsecutive Ethernet ports with a comma and no spaces; a
hyphen is used to designate a range of ports.
•
port-channel-number-list—Separate nonconsecutive port-channels with a comma and no
spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of ports.
Default Configuration
No multicast addresses are defined.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
If the command is executed without add or remove, the command only registers the group in
the bridge database.
•
Static multicast addresses can only be defined on static VLANs.
Examples
The following example registers the MAC address:
Console (config)# interface vlan 8
Console (config-if)# bridge multicast address 01:00:5e:02:02:03
The following example registers the MAC address and adds ports statically.
Console (config)# interface vlan 8
Console (config-if)# bridge multicast address 01:00:5e:02:02:03
add ethernet g1-9
Address Table Commands
79
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
bridge multicast forbidden address
The bridge multicast forbidden address Interface Configuration mode command forbids adding a
specific multicast address to specific ports. Use the no form of this command to return to default.
Syntax
bridge multicast forbidden address {mac-multicast-address | ip-multicast-address} {add |
remove} {ethernet interface-list | port-channel port-channel-number-list}
no bridge multicast forbidden address {mac-multicast-address | ip-multicast-address}
•
add—Adds ports to the group.
•
remove—Removes ports from the group.
•
mac-multicast-address—MAC multicast address in the format of xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
•
ip- multicast-address—IP multicast address is in the format xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx.
•
interface-list—Separate non consecutive valid Ethernet ports with a comma and no
spaces; hyphen is used to designate a range of ports.
•
port-channel-number-list—Separate non consecutive valid port-channels with a comma
and no spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of port-channels.
Default Configuration
No forbidden addresses are defined.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
Before defining forbidden ports, the multicast group should be registered.
Examples
In this example the MAC address 01:00:5e:02:02:03 is forbidden on port g9 within VLAN 8.
Console (config)# interface vlan 8
Console (config-if)# bridge multicast address 01:00:5e:02:02:03
Console (config-if)# bridge multicast forbidden address
01:00:5e:02:02:03 add ethernet g9
80
Address Table Commands
bridge multicast forward-all
The bridge multicast forward-all Interface Configuration mode command enables forwarding of
all multicast packets on a port. To restore the default, use the no form of the bridge multicast
forward-all command.
Syntax
bridge multicast forward-all {add | remove} {ethernet interface-list | port-channel portchannel-number-list}
no bridge multicast forward-all
•
add—Adds ports to the group.
•
remove—Removes ports from the group.
•
interface-list—Separate non consecutive valid Ethernet ports with a comma and no
spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of ports.
•
port-channel-number-list—Separate non consecutive valid port-channels with a comma
and no spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of port-channels.
Default Configuration
Disable forward-all on the specified interface.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example all multicast packets on port g8 are forwarded.
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# bridge multicast forward-all add ethernet
g8
bridge multicast forbidden forward-all
The bridge multicast forbidden forward-all Interface Configuration mode command forbids a port
to be a forward-all-multicast port. To restore the default, use the no form of the bridge multicast
forward-all command.
Address Table Commands
81
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
bridge multicast forbidden forward-all {add | remove} {ethernet interface-list | port-channel
port-channel-number-list}
no bridge multicast forward-all
•
add—Forbids forwarding all multicast packets.
•
remove—Does not forbid forwarding all multicast packets.
•
interface-list—Separates non consecutive valid Ethernet ports with a comma and no
spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of ports.
•
port-channel-number-list—Separates non consecutive valid port-channels with a comma
and no spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of port-channels.
Default Configuration
By default, this setting is disabled (for example, forwarding to the port is not forbidden).
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
IGMP snooping dynamically discovers multicast router ports. When a multicast router port is
discovered, all the multicast packets are forwarded to it unconditionally.
•
This command prevents a port to be a multicast router port.
Example
In this example, forwarding all multicast packets to g6 are forbidden.
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# bridge multicast forbidden forward-all add
ethernet g6
bridge aging-time
The bridge aging-time Global Configuration mode command sets the address table aging time. To
restore the default, use the no form of the bridge aging-time command.
Syntax
bridge aging-time seconds
no bridge aging-time
82
Address Table Commands
•
seconds—Time is number of seconds. (Range: 10 - 630 seconds)
Default Configuration
300 seconds
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example the bridge aging time is set to 250.
Console (config)# bridge aging-time 250
clear bridge
The clear bridge Privileged EXEC mode command removes any learned entries from the
forwarding database.
Syntax
clear bridge
•
This command has no keywords or arguments.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example, the bridge tables are cleared.
Console# clear bridge
Address Table Commands
83
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
port security
The port security Interface Configuration mode command locks the port. By locking the port, new
addresses are not learned on the port. To enable new address learning, use the no form of the port
security command.
Syntax
port security [forward | discard | discard-shutdown] [trap seconds]
no port security
•
forward—Forwards frames with unlearned source addresses, but does not learn the
address.
•
discard—Discards frames with unlearned source addresses. This is the default if no
option is indicated.
•
discard-shutdown—Discards frames with unlearned source addresses. The port is also
shut down.
•
trap Seconds—Sends SNMP traps and defines the minimal amount of time in seconds
between two consecutive traps. (Range: 1 - 1,000,000)
Default Configuration
Disabled - No port security
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example, frame forwarding is enabled without learning, and with traps sent every 100
seconds on port g1.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g1
Console (config-if)# port security forward trap 100
Console (config-if)# port security discard trap 100
Console (config-if)# port security discard-shutdown trap 100
84
Address Table Commands
port security routed secure-address
The port security routed secure-address Interface Configuration mode command adds MAC-layer
secure addresses to a routed port. Use the no form of this command to delete the MAC addresses.
Syntax
port security routed secure-address mac-address
no port security routed secure-address mac-address
•
mac-address—Specify a MAC address in the format of xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
Default Configuration
No addresses are defined.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel). Cannot be configured for a range of
interfaces (range context).
User Guidelines
•
The command enables adding secure MAC addresses to a routed ports in port security mode.
The command is available when the port is a routed port and in port security mode. The
address is deleted if the port exits the security mode or is not a routed port.
Example
In this example, the MAC-layer address 66:66:66:66:66:66 is added to port g1.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g1
Console (config-if)# port security routed secure-address
66:66:66:66:66:66
show bridge address-table
The show bridge address-table Privileged EXEC mode command displays all entries in the bridgeforwarding database.
Syntax
show bridge address-table [vlan vlan] [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channelnumber]
•
vlan—Specific valid VLAN, such as VLAN 1.
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
Address Table Commands
85
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel number.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
Internal usage VLANs (VLANs that are automatically allocated on routed ports) would be
presented in the VLAN column by a port number and not by a VLAN ID.
Example
In this example, all classes of entries in the bridge-forwarding database are displayed.
86
Address Table Commands
Console# show bridge address-table
Aging time is 300 sec
vlan
mac address
port
type
----
-----------
----
----
1
00:60:70:4C:73:FF
g8
dynamic
1
00:60:70:8C:73:FF
g7
dynamic
200
00:10:0D:48:37:FF
g4
static
8
00:10:0D:48:37:FF
g2
dynamic
show bridge address-table static
The show bridge address-table static Privileged EXEC mode command displays statically created
entries in the bridge-forwarding database.
Syntax
show bridge address-table static [vlan vlan] [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channelnumber]
•
vlan—Specific valid VLAN, such as VLAN 1.
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel number.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example, all static entries in the bridge-forwarding database are displayed.
Address Table Commands
87
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show bridge address-table static
Aging time is 300 sec
vlan
mac address
port
type
----
-----------
----
----
1
00:60:70:4C:73:FF
g8
permanent
1
00:60:70:8C:73:FF
g8
delete-on-timeout
200
00:10:0D:48:37:FF
g8
delete-on-reset
show bridge address-table count
The show bridge address-table count Privileged EXEC mode command displays the number of
addresses present in all VLANs or in a specific VLAN.
Syntax
show bridge address-table count [vlan vlan]
•
vlan —Specific VLAN.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
This command displays the count for 1 VLAN, for all VLANs or for a specific port.
•
No commas are allowed.
Example
In this example, the number of addresses present in the VLANs are displayed.
88
Address Table Commands
Console# show bridge address-table count
Capacity: 8192
Free: 8084
Used: 108
Static addresses: 2
Dynamic addresses: 97
Internal addresses: 9
show bridge multicast address-table
The show bridge multicast address-table Privileged EXEC mode command displays multicast
MAC address table information.
Syntax
show bridge multicast address-table [vlan vlan-id] [address mac-multicast-address | ipmulticast-address] [format ip | mac]
•
vlan_id—A VLAN ID value.
•
mac-multicast-address—A MAC multicast address in the format of xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx.
•
ip-multicast-address—An IP multicast address.
•
format—Multicast address format. Can be ip or mac. If format is unspecified, the default
is mac.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example, multicast MAC address table information is displayed.
Address Table Commands
89
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console # show bridge multicast address-table
Vlan
MAC Address
Type
Ports
----
-----------
-----
----------
1
01:00:5e:02:02:03
static
g1, g2
19
01:00:5e:02:02:08
static
g1-8
19
01:00:5e:02:02:08
dynamic
g9-11
Forbidden ports for multicast addresses:
Vlan
MAC Address
Ports
----
-----------
----------
1
01:00:5e:02:02:03
g8
19
01:00:5e:02:02:08
g8
Console # show bridge multicast address-table format ip
Vlan
IP Address
Type
Ports
----
-----------
-----
----------
1
224-239.130|2.2.3
static
g1,g2
19
224-239.130|2.2.8
static
g1-8
19
224-239.130|2.2.8
dynamic
g9-11
Forbidden ports for multicast addresses:
Vlan
IP Address
Ports
----
-----------
----------
1
224-239.130|2.2.3
g8
19
224-239.130|2.2.8
g8
NOTE: A multicast MAC address maps to multiple IP addresses, as shown above.
90
Address Table Commands
show bridge multicast filtering
The show bridge multicast filtering Privileged EXEC mode command displays the multicast
filtering configuration.
Syntax
show bridge multicast filtering vlan-id
•
vlan_id—A valid VLAN ID value.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example, the multicast configuration for VLAN 1 is displayed.
Console # show bridge multicast filtering 1
Filtering: Enabled
VLAN: 1
Port
Static
Status
-------
-----------------
-----------
g1
Forbidden
Filter
g2
Forward
Forward(s)
g3
-
Forward(d)
show ports security
The show ports security Privileged EXEC mode command displays the port-lock status.
Syntax
show ports security [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel number.
Address Table Commands
91
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In this example, all classes of entries in the port-lock status are displayed.
Console # show ports security
Port
Status
Action
Trap
Frequency
Counter
-----
-------
-------
-------
---------
--------
g1
Locked
Discard
Enable
100
88
g2
Unlocked
-
-
-
-
g3
Locked
Discard,
Shutdown
Disable
-
-
Frequency: Minimum time in seconds between consecutive traps
Counter: Number of actions since last trap
92
Address Table Commands
Clock
clock set
The clock set Privileged EXEC mode command manually sets the system clock.
Syntax
clock set hh:mm:ss day month year
or
clock set hh:mm:ss month day year
•
hh:mm:ss—Current time in hours (military format), minutes, and seconds (0 - 23, mm: 0
- 59, ss: 0 - 59).
•
day—Current day (by date) in the month (1 - 31).
•
month—Current month using the first three letters by name (Jan, …, Dec).
•
year—Current year (2000 - 2097).
Default Configuration
The default time set is 0:0:0:0 Jan 1 2000 or xxxxx Month Day Year.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example sets the system time to 13:32:00 on the 7th March 2002.
Console# clock set 13:32:00 7 Mar 2002
clock source
The clock source Privileged EXEC mode command configures an external time source for the
system clock.
Syntax
clock source {sntp}
no clock source
•
sntp—SNTP servers
Clock
93
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
No external clock source
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example configures an external time source for the system clock.
Console# clock source sntp
clock timezone
The clock timezone Global Configuration mode command sets the time zone for display purposes.
To set the time to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), use the no form of this command.
Syntax
clock timezone hours-offset [minutes minutes-offset] [zone acronym]
no clock timezone
•
hours-offset— Hours difference from UTC. (Range: -12 – +13)
•
minutes minutes-offset—Minutes difference from UTC. (Range: 0 – 59)
•
zone acronym—The acronym of the time zone. (Range: Up to 4 characters)
Default Configuration
UTC
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The system internally keeps time in UTC, so this command is used only for display purposes
and when the time is manually set.
Examples
The following example sets the timezone to 6 hours difference from UTC.
Console# (config)# clock timezone -6 zone CST
94
Clock
clock summer-time
The clock summer-time Global Configuration mode command configures the system to
automatically switch to summer time (daylight saving time). To configure the software to not
automatically switch to summer time, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
clock summer-time recurring {usa | eu | {week day month hh:mm week day month hh:mm}}
[offset offset] [zone acronym]
clock summer-time date date month year hh:mm date month year hh:mm [offset offset] [zone
acronym]
clock summer-time date month date year hh:mm month date year hh:mm [offset offset] [zone
acronym]
no clock summer-time
•
recurring—Indicates that summer time should start and end on the corresponding
specified days every year.
•
date—Indicates that summer time should start on the first specific date listed in the
command and end on the second specific date in the command.
•
usa—The summer time rules are the United States rules.
•
eu—The summer time rules are the European Union rules.
•
week— Week of the month. (Range: 1 - 4, first, last)
•
day—Day of the week (Range: first three letters by name, like sun)
•
date—Date of the month (Range:1 - 31)
•
month—Month (Range: first three letters by name)
•
year— year - no abbreviation (Range: 2000 - 2097)
•
hh:mm—Time in military format, in hours and minutes (Range: hh: 0 - 23, mm:0 - 59)
•
offset offset—Number of minutes to add during summer time (Range: 1 - 1440).
•
zone acronym—The acronym of the time zone to be displayed when summer time is in
effect. If unspecified default to the timezone acronym. (Range: Up to 4 characters)
Default Configuration
Summer time is disabled.
offset offset—default is 60
zone acronym— If unspecified default to the timezone acronym.
If the timezone has not been defined, the default will be UTC.
Clock
95
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
In both the date and recurring forms of the command, the first part of the command specifies
when summer time begins, and the second part specifies when it ends. All times are relative to
the local time zone. The start time is relative to standard time. The end time is relative to
summer time. If the starting month is chronologically after the ending month, the system
assumes that you are in the southern hemisphere.
•
USA rule for daylight saving time:
•
•
Start: First Sunday in April
•
End: Last Sunday in October
•
Time: 2 am local time
EU rule for daylight saving time:
•
Start: Last Sunday in March
•
End: Last Sunday in October
•
Time: 1.00 am (01:00) Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Examples
The following example sets summer time starting on the first Sunday in April at 2am and finishing
on the last Sunday in October at 2 am.
Console (config)# clock summer-time recurring first sun apr 2:00
last sun oct 2:00
sntp authentication-key
The sntp authentication-key Global Configuration mode command defines an authentication key
for Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP). To remove the authentication key for SNTP, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
sntp authentication-key number md5 value
no sntp authentication-key number
•
number—Key number (Range: 1 - 4294967295)
•
value—Key value (Range: Up to 8 characters)
Default Configuration
No authentication key is defined.
96
Clock
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Multiple keys can be generated.
Examples
The following example defines the authentication key for SNTP.
Console(config)# sntp authentication-key 8 md5 ClkKey
Console(config)# sntp trusted-key 8
Console(config)# sntp authenticate
sntp authenticate
The sntp authenticate Global Configuration mode command grants authentication for received
Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from servers. To disable the feature, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
sntp authenticate
no sntp authenticate
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
No authentication
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The command is relevant for both unicast and broadcast.
Examples
The following example defines the authentication key for SNTP and grants authentication.
Console(config)# sntp authentication-key 8 md5 ClkKey
Console(config)# sntp trusted-key 8
Console(config)# sntp authenticate
Clock
97
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
sntp trusted-key
The sntp trusted-key Global Configuration mode command authenticates the identity of a system
to which Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) will synchronize. To disable authentication of the
identity of the system, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp trusted-key key-number
no sntp trusted-key key-number
•
key-number—Key number of authentication key to be trusted. (Range: 1 - 4294967295)
Default Configuration
Not trusted.
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The command is relevant for both received unicast and broadcast.
•
If there is at least 1 trusted key, then unauthenticated messages will be ignored.
Examples
The following example authenticates key 8.
Console(config)# sntp authentication-key 8 md5 ClkKey
Console(config)# sntp trusted-key 8
Console(config)# sntp authenticate
sntp client poll timer
The sntp client poll timer Global Configuration mode command sets the polling time for the
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) client. To return to default, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
sntp client poll timer seconds
no sntp client poll timer
•
98
Clock
seconds—Polling interval in seconds (Range: 60-86400)
Default Configuration
1024
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example sets the polling time for the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) client
to 120 seconds.
Console (config)# sntp client poll timer 120
sntp broadcast client enable
The sntp broadcast client enable Global Configuration mode command enables the Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP) broadcast clients. To disable the SNTP broadcast clients, use the
no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp broadcast client enable
no sntp broadcast client enable
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Disabled
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The sntp broadcast client enable Interface Configuration mode command enables the device
to receive broadcast transmissions globally and on ALL interfaces.
•
Use the sntp client enable Interface Configuration mode command to enable the SNTP
client on a specific interface.
Examples
The following example enables the SNTP broadcast clients.
Console (config)# sntp broadcast client enable
Clock
99
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
sntp anycast client enable
The sntp anycast client enable Global Configuration mode command enables anycast client. To
disable the polling for SNTP broadcast client, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp anycast client enable
no sntp anycast client enable
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Disabled
Command Mode
Global configuration
User Guidelines
•
Polling time is determined by the sntp client poll timer Global Configuration mode
command.
•
Use the sntp client enable Interface Configuration mode command to enable the SNTP
client on a specific interface.
Examples
The following example enables anycast clients.t
Console (config-if)# sntp anycast client enable
sntp client enable (interface)
The sntp client enable Interface Configuration mode command enables the Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP) client on an interface. This applies to both receive broadcast and unicast updates.
To disable the SNTP client, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp client enable
no sntp client enable
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Disabled
100
Clock
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, Port-Channel, VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
Use the sntp client enable Global Configuration mode command to enable broadcast clients
globally.
•
Use the sntp anycast client enable Global Configuration mode command to enable anycast
clients globally.
Examples
The following example enables the SNTP client on the interface.
Console (config)# sntp client enable
sntp unicast client enable
The sntp unicast client enable Global Configuration mode command enables the device to use the
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to request and accept Network Time Protocol (NTP)
traffic from servers. To disable requesting and accepting Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from
servers, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp unicast client enable
no sntp unicast client enable
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Disabled
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Use the sntp server command to define SNTP servers.
Examples
The following example enables the device to use the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to
request and accept Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from servers.
Console (config)# sntp unicast client enable
Clock
101
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
sntp unicast client poll
The sntp unicast client poll Global Configuration mode command enables polling for the Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP) predefined unicast clients. To disable the polling for SNTP client,
use the no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp unicast client poll
no sntp unicast client poll
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Disabled
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Polling time is determined by the sntp client poll timer Global Configuration mode
command.
Examples
The following example enables polling for the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) predefined
unicast clients.
Console (config)# sntp unicast client poll
sntp server
The sntp server Global Configuration mode command configures the device to use the Simple
Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to request and accept Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from a
server. To remove a server from the list of NTP servers, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
sntp server ip-address | hostname [poll] [key keyid]
no sntp server host
102
Clock
•
ip-address—IP address of the server.
•
hostname—Hostname of the server. (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
poll—Enable polling.
•
key keyid—Authentication key to use when sending packets to this peer. (Range:1 –
4294967295)
Default Configuration
No servers are defined.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Up to 8 SNTP servers can be defined.
•
Use the sntp unicast client enable Global Configuration mode command to enable
predefined unicast clients globally.
•
To enable polling you should also use the sntp unicast client poll Global Configuration mode
command for global enabling.
•
Polling time is determined by the sntp client poll timer Global Configuration mode
command.
•
If multiple servers are added then the updates applied are determined by the following:
Unicast Server updates take precedence, followed by Anycast and then Broadcast.
Examples
The following example configures the device to accept Network Time Protocol (NTP) traffic from
the server on 192.1.1.1.
Console (config)# sntp server 192.1.1.1
show clock
The show clock User EXEC mode command displays the time and date from the system clock.
Syntax
show clock [detail]
•
detail—Shows timezone and summertime configuration.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
Clock
103
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
The symbol that precedes the show clock display indicates the following:
Symbol
Description
*
Time is not authoritative.
(blank)
Time is authoritative.
.
Time is authoritative, but SNTP is not synchronized.
Example
The following example displays the time and date from the system clock.
Console# show clock
15:29:03 PDT(UTC-7) Jun 17 2002
Time source is SNTP
Device> show clock detail
15:29:03 PDT(UTC-7) Jun 17 2002
Time source is SNTP
Time zone:
Acronym is PST
Offset is UTC-8
Summertime:
Acronym is PDT
Recurring every year.
Begins at first Sunday of April at 2:00.
Ends at last Sunday of October at 2:00.
Offset is 60 minutes.
104
Clock
show sntp configuration
The show sntp configuration Privileged EXEC mode command shows the configuration of the
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP).
Syntax
show sntp configuration
This command has no keywords or arguments.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
Console# show sntp configuration
Polling interval: 7200 seconds
MD5 Authentication keys: 8, 9
Authentication is required for synchronization.
Trusted Keys: 8,9
Unicast Clients Polling: Enabled.
Server
Polling
Encryption Key
Clock
105
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
-----------
--------
-----------------
176.1.1.8
Enabled
9
176.1.8.179
Disabled
Disabled
Broadcast Clients: Enabled
Broadcast Clients Poll:
Enabled
Broadcast Interfaces: g1, g3
show sntp status
The show sntp status Privileged EXEC mode command shows the status of the Simple Network
Time Protocol (SNTP).
Syntax
show sntp status
•
This command has no keywords or arguments.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example shows the status of the SNTP.
Console# show sntp status
Clock is synchronized, stratum 4, reference is 176.1.1.8
Reference time is AFE2525E.70597B34 (00:10:22.438 PDT Jul 5 1993)
Unicast servers:
Server
Preference
Status
Last response
Offset
[mSec]
106
Delay
[mSec]
---------
----------
------
---------------
-----
------
176.1.1.8
Primary
Up
AFE252C1.6DBDDFF2
7.33
117.79
Clock
176.1.8.179
Secondary
Unknown
AFE21789.643287C9
Interface
IP address
Last response
---------
----------
------------------------
176.1.1.8
Primary
AFE252C1.6DBDDFF2
176.1.8.179
Secondary
AFE21789.643287C9
8.98
189.19
Broadcast:
Clock
107
108
Clock
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Configuration and Image Files
delete startup-config
The delete startup-config Privileged EXEC mode command deletes the startup-config file.
Syntax
delete startup-config
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example deletes the startup-config file.
Console# delete startup-config
copy
The copy Privileged EXEC mode command copies files from a source to a destination.
Syntax
copy source-url destination-url [SNMP]
•
source-url—The source file location URL or reserved keyword being copied.
•
destination-url—The destination file URL or reserved keyword.
•
SNMP—Used only when copying from/to startup-config. Specifies that the
destination/source file is in SNMP format
The following table displays keywords aliases to URL:
Configuration and Image Files
109
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Keyword
Source or destination
flash
Source or destination URL for Flash memory. It’s the default in case a
URL is specified without a prefix
running-config
Represents the current running configuration file.
startup-config
Represents the startup configuration file.
backup-config
Represents the backup configuration file.
image
If source file, represent the active image file. If destination file, represent
the non-active image file.
boot
Boot file.
tftp:
Source or destination URL for a TFTP network server. The syntax for
this alias is tftp://host/[directory]/filename. The host can be either IP
address or hostname.
xmodem:
Source for the file from a serial connection that uses the Xmodem protocol.
null:
Null destination for copies or files. A remote file can be copied to null to
determine its size.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The location of a file system dictates the format of the source or destination URL.
•
The entire copying process may take several minutes and differs from protocol to protocol
and from network to network.
Understanding Invalid Combinations of Source and Destination
Some invalid combinations of source and destination exist. Specifically, the following cannot
be copied:
110
•
If the source file and destination file are the same file.
•
xmodem cannot be a destination. Can only be copied to image, boot and null.
•
tftp cannot be the source and destination on the same copy.
•
Active Image is the image the system currently boots from (see "show bootvar"
command) or set to boot next from. Non active image is the spare image location.
Configuration and Image Files
Copy Character Descriptions:
Character
Description
!
For network transfers, an exclamation point indicates that the copy process is taking
place. Each exclamation point indicates the successful transfer of ten packets (512 bytes
each).
.
For network transfers, a period indicates that the copy process timed out. Many periods
in a row typically mean that the copy process may fail.
Copying image file from a Server to Flash Memory
Use the copy source-url image command to copy an image file from a server to Flash memory.
Copying boot file from a Server to Flash Memory
Use the copy source-url boot command to copy a boot file from a server to Flash memory.
Copying a Configuration File from a Server to the Running Configuration
Use the copy source-url running-config command to load a "configuration file" from a
network server to the device "running configuration". The configuration is added to the
"running configuration" as if the commands were typed in the command-line interface (CLI).
The resulting configuration file is a combination of the previous "running configuration" and
the loaded "configuration file", with the loaded "configuration file" having precedence.
Copying a Configuration File from a Server to the Startup Configuration
Use the copy source-url startup-config command to copy a "configuration file" from a
network server to the device "startup configuration". These commands replace the startup
configuration file with the copied configuration file.
Storing the Running or Startup Configuration on a Server
Use the copy running-config destination-url command to copy the current configuration file
to a network server using TFTP. Use the copy startup-config destination-url command to
copy the "startup configuration" file to a network server.
The configuration file copy can serve as a backup copy.
Saving the Running Configuration to the Startup Configuration
Use the copy running-config startup-config command to copy the "running configuration" to
the "startup configuration".
Backup the Running Configuration or Startup Configuration to the Backup Configuration
Use the copy running-config file command to backup the running configuration to a backup
configuration file. Use the copy startup-config file command to backup the startup
configuration a backup configuration file
Configuration and Image Files
111
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example copies a system image named file1 from the TFTP server with an IP address
of 172.16.101.101 to non active image file.
Console# copy tftp://172.16.101.101/file1 image
Accessing file 'file1' on 172.16.101.101...
Loading file1 from 172.16.101.101:
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! [OK]
Copy took 0:01:11 [hh:mm:ss]
boot system
The boot system Privileged EXEC mode command specifies the system image that the device
loads at startup.
Syntax
boot system {image-1 | image-2}
•
image-1—Specifies image 1 as the system startup image.
•
image-2—Specifies image 2 as the system startup image.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
Use the show bootvar command to find out which image is the active image.
Examples
The following example loads system image 1 for the next device startup.
Console# boot system image-1
112
Configuration and Image Files
show running-config
The show running-config Privileged EXEC mode command displays the contents of the currently
running configuration file.
Syntax
show running-config [sort type]
•
sort type —Specifies the sorting type of the file. Can be one of the following values:
interface, feature.
Default Configuration
Sort type defaults to interface if unspecified.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
show running-config does not show all the port configurations under the port. Although the
device is already configured with some default parameters,”show running config” on an
empty device is empty.
Configuration and Image Files
113
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays the contents of the running-config file.
Console# show running-config
no spanning-tree
vlan database
vlan 2
exit
interface range ethernet g(1-2)
switchport access vlan 2
exit
interface vlan 2
bridge address 00:00:00:00:00:01 ethernet g1
exit
interface ethernet g1
gvrp enable
exit
gvrp enable
interface ethernet g24
ip address dhcp
exit
ip name-server
10.6.1.36
console#
show startup-config
The show startup-config Privileged EXEC mode command displays the startup configuration file
contents.
Syntax
show startup-config [sort type]
114
Configuration and Image Files
•
sort type —Specifies the sorting type of the file. Can be one of the following values:
interface, feature.
Default Configuration
Sort type defaults to interface if unspecified.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Configuration and Image Files
115
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays the contents of the startup-config file.
Console# show startup-config
no spanning-tree
vlan database
vlan 2
exit
interface range ethernet g(1-2)
switchport access vlan 2
exit
interface vlan 2
bridge address 00:00:00:00:00:01 ethernet g1
exit
interface ethernet g1
gvrp enable
exit
gvrp enable
interface ethernet g24
ip address dhcp
exit
ip name-server
10.6.1.36
console#
show backup-config
The show backup-config Privileged EXEC mode command displays the backup configuration file
contents.
Syntax
show backup-config
116
Configuration and Image Files
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
Console# show backup-config
software version 1.1
hostname device
interface ethernet g1
ip address 176.242.100.100 255.255.255.0
duplex full
speed 1000
interface ethernet g2
ip address 176.243.100.100 255.255.255.0
duplex full
speed 1000
Configuration and Image Files
117
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
show bootvar
The show bootvar Privileged EXEC mode command displays the active system image file that the
device loads at startup.
Syntax
show bootvar
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays the active system image file that the device loads at startup.
Console# show bootvar
Images currently available on the FLASH
118
image-1
active (selected for next boot)
image-2
not active
Configuration and Image Files
Ethernet Configuration Commands
interface ethernet
The interface ethernet Global Configuration mode command enters the interface configuration
mode to configure an Ethernet type interface.
Syntax
interface ethernet interface
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example enables ports g8 for configuration.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g8
Console(config-if)#
interface range ethernet
The interface range ethernet Global Configuration mode command enters the interface
configuration mode to configure multiple Ethernet type interfaces.
Syntax
interface range ethernet {port-range | all}
•
port-range—List of valid ports to add. Separate non consecutive ports with a comma and
no spaces; a hyphen is used to designate a range of ports.
•
all—All Ethernet ports.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
119
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Commands under the interface range context are executed independently on each active
interface in the range. If the command returns an error on one of the active interfaces, it does
not stop executing commands on other active interfaces.
Example
The following example shows how ports g18 to g20 and ports g22 to g24 are grouped to receive the
same command.
Console(config)# interface range ethernet g18 - g20, g22 - g24
Console(config-if)#
shutdown
The shutdown Interface Configuration mode command disables interfaces. To restart a disabled
interface, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
shutdown
no shutdown
Default Configuration
The interface is enabled.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example disables port g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# shutdown
120
Ethernet Configuration Commands
The following example re-enables port g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# no shutdown
description
The description Interface Configuration mode command adds a description to an interface. To
remove the description use the no form of this command.
Syntax
description string
no description
•
string—Comment or a description of the port up to 64 characters.
Default Configuration
By default, the interface does not have a description.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example adds a description to the Ethernet g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# description RD SW#3
speed
The speed Interface Configuration mode command configures the speed of a given Ethernet
interface when not using auto-negotiation. To restore the default, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
speed {100 | 1000 | 10000}
no speed
•
100—Force 100 Mbps operation.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
121
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
1000—Force 1000 Mbps operation.
•
10000—Force 10000 Mbps operation.
Default Configuration
Maximum port capability.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
The command "no speed" in port-channel context returns each port in the port-channel to its
maximum capability.
Example
The following example configures the speed operation of Ethernet g5 to force 100-Mbps operation.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# speed 100
duplex
The duplex Interface Configuration mode command configures the full/half duplex operation of a
given Ethernet interface when not using auto-negotiation. To restore the default, use the no form
of this command.
Syntax
duplex {half | full}
no duplex
•
half—Force half-duplex operation
•
full—Force full-duplex operation
Default Configuration
The interface is set to full duplex.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
122
Before attempting to force a particular duplex mode on the port operating at 10/100/1000
Mbps, disable the auto-negotiation on that port.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
•
Half duplex mode can be set only for ports operating at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps.
Example
The following example configures the duplex operation of Ethernet g5 to force full duplex
operation.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# duplex full
negotiation
The negotiation Interface Configuration mode command enables auto-negotiation operation for
the speed and duplex parameters of a given interface. To disable negotiation, use the no form of
this command.
Syntax
negotiation
no negotiation
Default Configuration
auto-negotiation
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
Turning off auto-negotiation on an aggregate link may, under some circumstances, make it
non-operational. If the other side has auto-negotiation turned on, it may re-synchronize all
members of the aggregated link to half-duplex operation, and may, as per the standards, set
them all inactive.
Example
The following example enables autonegotiation on Ethernet g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# negotiation
flowcontrol
The flowcontrol Interface Configuration mode command configures the Flow Control on a given
interface. To restore the default, use the no form of this command.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
123
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
flowcontrol {auto | on | off}
no flowcontrol
•
auto—Enables auto-negotiation of Flow Control.
•
on—Enables Flow Control.
•
off—Disables Flow Control.
Default Configuration
Flow Control is off.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
Flow Control will operate only if duplex mode is set to FULL. Back Pressure will operate only
if duplex mode is set to HALF.
•
When Flow Control is ON, the head-of-line-blocking mechanism of this port is disabled.
•
If a link is set to NOT use auto-negotiation, the other side of the link must also be configured
to not use auto-negotiation.
•
To select auto, ensure negotiation for Flow Control is enabled.
Example
In the following example, Flow Control is enabled on g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# flowcontrol on
mdix
The mdix Interface Configuration mode command enables automatic crossover on a given
interface. To disable automatic crossover, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
mdix {on | auto}
no mdix
124
•
on—Manual mdix
•
auto—Auto mdi/mdix
Ethernet Configuration Commands
Default Configuration
Automatic crossover is enabled
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
Mdix Auto: All possibilities to connect a PC with cross OR normal cables are supported and
are automatically detected.
•
Mdix ON: It is possible to connect to a PC only with a normal cable and to connect to
another switch ONLY with a cross cable.
•
If MDIX is set to "no mdix", the device works opposite from the "MDIX On" behavior. With
this setting you can only use either an ethernet standard cross-over cable to connect to a PC,
or an ethernet standard cable to connect to another switch.
Example
In the following example, automatic crossover is enabled on g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# mdix auto
back-pressure
The back-pressure Interface Configuration mode command enables Back Pressure on a given
interface. To disable Back Pressure, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
back-pressure
no back-pressure
Default Configuration
Back Pressure is disabled.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
Back Pressure will operate only if duplex mode is set to half.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
125
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
In the following example Back Pressure is enabled on g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# back-pressure
port jumbo-frame
The port jumbo-frame Global Configuration mode command enables jumbo frames for the device.
The size of the port jumbo frame is 10K. To disable jumbo frames, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
port jumbo-frame
no port jumbo-frame
Default Configuration
Jumbo Frames are not enabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The command would be effective only after reset.
Example
In the following example, Jumbo Frames are enabled on the device.
Console(config)# port jumbo-frame
clear counters
The clear counters User EXEC mode command clears statistics on an interface.
Syntax
clear counters [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—Valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
126
Ethernet Configuration Commands
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In the following example, the counters for interface g1 are cleared.
Console# clear counters ethernet g1
set interface active
The set interface active Privileged EXEC mode command reactivates an interface that was
suspended by the system.
Syntax
set interface active {ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number}
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—Valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privilege EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
This command is used to activate interfaces that were configured to be active, but were
shutdown for some reason.
Example
The following example activates interface g5, which is disabled.
Console# set interface active ethernet g5
show interfaces configuration
The show interfaces configuration Privilege EXEC mode command displays the configuration for
all configured interfaces.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
127
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
show interfaces configuration [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number |
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—Valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
Privilege EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the configuration for all configured interfaces:
Console# show interfaces configuration
128
Port
Type
Duplex
Speed
Neg
Flow
Control
Admin
State
Back
Mdix
Pressure
Mode
----
----
------
------
----
------
-----
------
----
g1
1G
Full
1000
Auto
On
Up
Enable
Auto
g2
1G
Full
100
Off
Off
Up
Disable
Off
g3
1G
Full
1000
Off
Off
Up
Disable
On
Ch
Type
Speed
Neg
Flow
Control
Back
Pressure
Admin
State
---
----
-----
---
-----
--------
-----
1
1000
1000
Off
Off
Disable
Up
Ethernet Configuration Commands
The displayed port configuration information includes the following:
•
Port—The port number.
•
Port Type—The port designated IEEE shorthand identifier. For example 1000Base-T refers to
1000 Mbps baseband signaling.
•
Duplex—Displays the port Duplex status.
•
Speed—Refers to the port speed.
•
Neg—Describes the Auto-negotiation status.
•
Flow Control—Displays the Flow Control status.
•
Back Pressure—Displays the Back Pressure status.
•
MDIX Mode—Displays the Auto-crossover status.
•
Admin State—Displays whether the port is enabled or disabled.
show interfaces status
The show interfaces status User EXEC mode command displays the status for all configured
interfaces.
Syntax
show interfaces status [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privilege EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the status for all configured interfaces.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
129
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show interfaces status
Port
Type
Duplex
Speed
Neg
----
-----
------
----
----
g1
1G Copper
Full
100
Auto
g2
1G Copper
Full
100
Off
g23
1G Fiber
Full
1000
Ch
Type
Duplex
---
----
1
1000
Flow
Control
Back
Pressur
e
MDIX
Mode
------
-----
------
----
On
Enable
On
Up
Off
Disable
Off
Down *
Off
Off
Disable
On
Up
Speed
Neg
Flow
Control
Back
Pressur
e
Link
State
-----
---
-----
-------
-------
------
Full
1000
Off
Off
Disable
Up
* The interface was suspended by the system.
130
Ethernet Configuration Commands
Link
State
The displayed port status information includes the following:
•
Port—The port number.
•
Description—If the port has a description, the description is displayed.
•
Port Type—The port designated IEEE shorthand identifier. For example, 1000Base-T refers to
1000 Mbps baseband signaling.
•
Duplex—Displays the port Duplex status.
•
Speed—Refers to the port speed.
•
Neg—Describes the Auto-negotiation status.
•
Flow Control—Displays the Flow Control status.
•
Back Pressure—Displays the Back Pressure status.
•
Link State—Displays the Link Aggregation status.
show interfaces description
The show interfaces description User EXEC mode command displays the description for all
configured interfaces.
Syntax
show interfaces description [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
Privilege EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the description for the interface g1.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
131
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show interfaces description ethernet g1
Port
Description
----
------------------
g1
Management_port
g2
R&D_port
g3
Finance_port
Ch
Description
----
------------------
Ch 1
Output
show interfaces counters
The show interfaces counters User EXEC mode command displays traffic seen by the physical
interface.
Syntax
show interfaces counters [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
Privilege EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays traffic seen by the physical interface:
132
Ethernet Configuration Commands
Console# show interfaces counters
Port
InOctets
InUcastPkts
InMcastPkts
InBcastPkts
------- -------------
----------------
----------------
------------
g1
183892
1289
987
8
g2
0
0
0
0
g3
123899
1788
373
19
Port
OutOctets
OutUcastPkts
OutMcastPkts
OutBcastPkts
------- -------------
----------------
----------------
------------
g4
9
8
0
9188
g5
0
0
0
0
g6
8789
27
8
0
Ch
InOctets
InUcastPkts
InMcastPkts
InBcastPkts
------- -------------
----------------
----------------
------------
1
27889
928
0
78
Ch
OutOctets
OutUcastPkts
OutMcastPkts
OutBcastPkts
------- -------------
----------------
----------------
------------
1
882
0
122
23739
Ethernet Configuration Commands
133
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
The following example displays counters for port g1.
Console# show interfaces counters ethernet g1
Port
InOctets
InUcastPkts
InMcastPkts
InBcastPkts
------ -----------
--------------
--------------
-----------
g1
183892
1289
987
8
Port
OutOctets
OutUcastPkts
OutMcastPkts
OutBcastPkts
------ -----------
--------------
--------------
-----------
g1
9
8
0
9188
FCS Errors: 8
Single Collision Frames: 0
Multiple Collision Frames: 0
SQE Test Errors: 0
Deferred Transmissions: 0
Late Collisions: 0
Excessive Collisions: 0
Internal MAC Tx Errors: 0
Carrier Sense Errors: 0
Oversize Packets: 0
Internal MAC Rx Errors: 0
Received Pause Frames: 0
Transmitted Pause Frames: 0
The following table describes the fields shown in the display:
134
Field
Description
InOctets
Counted received octets.
InUcastPkts
Counted received unicast packets.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
InMcastPkts
Counted received multicast packets.
InBcastPkts
Counted received broadcast packets.
OutOctets
Counted transmitted octets.
OutUcastPkts
Counted transmitted unicast packets.
OutMcastPkts
Counted transmitted multicast packets.
OutBcastPkts
Counted transmitted broadcast packets.
Alignment Errors
A count of frames received that are not an integral number of octets in length
and do not pass the FCS check.
FCS Errors
Counted frames received that are an integral number of octets in length but
do not pass the FCS check.
Single Collision Frames
Counted frames that are involved in a single collision, and are subsequently
transmitted successfully.
Multiple Collision
Frames
A count of frames that are involved in more than one collision and are
subsequently transmitted successfully
SQE Test Errors
A count of times that the SQE TEST ERROR is received. The SQE TEST
ERROR is set in accordance with the rules for verification of the SQE
detection mechanism in the PLS Carrier Sense Function as described in
IEEE Std. 802.3, 2000 Edition, section 7.2.4.6.
Deferred Transmissions
A count of frames for which the first transmission attempt is delayed because
the medium is busy.
Late Collisions
Counted times that a collision is detected later than one slotTime into the
transmission of a packet.
Excessive Collisions
Counted frames for which transmission fails due to excessive collisions.
Internal MAC Tx Errors
Counted frames for which transmission fails due to an internal MAC sublayer
transmit error.
Carrier Sense Errors
The number of times that the carrier sense condition was lost or never
asserted when attempting to transmit a frame.
Oversize Packets
Counted frames received that exceed the maximum permitted frame size.
Internal MAC Rx Errors
Counted frames for which reception fails due to an internal MAC sublayer
receive error.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
135
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Symbol Errors
For an interface operating at 100 Mb/s, the number of times there was an
invalid data symbol when a valid carrier was present.For an interface
operating in half-duplex mode at 1000 Mb/s, the number of times the
receiving media is non-idle (a carrier event) for a period of time equal to or
greater than slotTime, and during which there was at least one occurrence of
an event that causes the PHY to indicate 'Data reception error' or 'carrier
extend error' on the GMII.For an interface operating in full-duplex mode at
1000 Mb/s, the number of times the receiving media is non-idle (a carrier
event) for a period of time equal to or greater than minFrameSize, and during
which there was at least one occurrence of an event that causes the PHY to
indicate 'Data reception error' on the GMII.For an interface operating at 10
Gb/s, the number of times the receiving media is non-idle (a carrier event) for
a period of time equal to or greater than minFrameSize, and during which
there was at least one occurrence of an event that causes the PHY to indicate
'Receive Error' on the XGMII.
Received Pause Frames
Counted MAC Control frames received with an opcode indicating the
PAUSE operation.
Transmitted Pause
Frames
Counted MAC Control frames transmitted on this interface with an opcode
indicating the PAUSE operation.
show ports jumbo-frame
The show ports jumbo-frame User EXEC mode command displays the jumbo frames
configuration.
Syntax
show ports jumbo-frame
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
136
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
Example
The following example displays the jumbo frames configuration.
Console# show ports jumbo-frame
Jumbo frames are disabled
Jumbo frames will be enabled after reset
port storm-control include-multicast
The port storm-control include-multicast Global Configuration mode command enables the
device to count multicast packets together with broadcast packets. To disable counting of multicast
packets, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
port storm-control include-multicast
no port storm-control include-multicast
There are no arguments or keywords for this command.
Default Configuration
Multicast packets are not counted.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
To control multicasts storms use the commands port storm-control broadcast enable and
port storm-control broadcast rate.
Example
The following example enables the counting of multicast packets.
Console# configure
Console(config)# port storm-control include-multicast
port storm-control broadcast enable
The port storm-control broadcast enable Interface Configuration mode command enables
broadcast storm control. To disable broadcast storm control, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
port storm-control broadcast enable
Ethernet Configuration Commands
137
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
no port storm-control broadcast enable
Default Configuration
Broadcast storm control is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
Use the port storm-control broadcast rate Interface Configuration mode command, to set the
maximum allowable broadcast rate.
•
Multicast can be counted as part of the "storm" frames if the port storm-control includemulticast Global Configuration mode command is already executed.
Example
The following example enables broadcast storm control on port g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# port storm-control broadcast enable
port storm-control broadcast rate
The port storm-control broadcast rate Interface Configuration mode command configures the
maximum broadcast rate. Use the no form of this command to return to the default value.
port storm-control broadcast rate rate
no port storm-control broadcast rate
•
rate—Maximum kilobytes per second of broadcast and multicast traffic on a port. (Rate:
0-65535)
Default Configuration
The default storm control broadcast rate is 1000.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
138
•
Use the port storm-control broadcast enable Interface Configuration mode command to
enable broadcast storm control.
•
The granularity is 1 - 64K packets. Note that if the rate is 0, broadcast packets are not
forwarded.
Ethernet Configuration Commands
Example
The following example configures the maximum broadcast rate 10 kilobytes per second.
console(config)# interface ethernet g2
console(config-if)# port storm-control broadcast rate 10
show ports storm-control
The show ports storm-control Privileged EXEC mode command displays the storm control
configuration.
Syntax
show ports storm-control [interface]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the storm control configuration.
console(config)# port storm-control broadcast rate 333
Console# show ports storm-control
Port
Broadcast Storm control [Packets/sec]
-----
-------------------------------------
g1
333
g2
Disabled
g3
333
g4
Disabled
g5
Disabled
g6
Disabled
g7
Disabled
Ethernet Configuration Commands
139
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
140
g8
Disabled
g9
Disabled
g10
Disabled
g11
Disabled
g12
Disabled
g13
Disabled
g14
Disabled
g15
Disabled
g16
Disabled
g17
Disabled
g18
Disabled
g19
Disabled
g20
Disabled
g21
Disabled
g22
Disabled
g23
Disabled
g24
Disabled
Ethernet Configuration Commands
GVRP Commands
gvrp enable (global)
GVRP, or GARP VLAN Registration Protocol, is an industry-standard protocol designed to
propagate VLAN information from device to device. With GVRP, a single switch is manually
configured with all desired VLANs for the network, and all other switches on the network learn
these VLANs dynamically.
The gvrp enable Global Configuration mode command enables GVRP globally. To disable GVRP
globally on the switch, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
gvrp enable
no gvrp enable
Default Configuration
GVRP is globally disabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example globally enables GVRP on the device.
Console (config)# gvrp enable
gvrp enable (interface)
The gvrp enable Interface Configuration mode command enables GVRP on an interface. To
disable GVRP on an interface, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
gvrp enable
no gvrp enable
Default Configuration
GVRP is disabled on all interfaces by default.
GVRP Commands
141
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
An access port would not dynamically join a VLAN because it is always a member in only one
VLAN.
•
Membership in an untagged VLAN would be propagated in a same way as a tagged VLAN. i.e.
in such a case it’s the administrator’s responsibility to set the PVID to be the untagged VLAN
VID.
Example
The following example enables GVRP on ethernet g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# gvrp enable
garp timer
The garp timer Interface Configuration mode command adjusts the GARP application join, leave,
and leaveall GARP timer values. To reset the timer to default values, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
garp timer {join | leave | leaveall} timer_value
no garp timer
•
join—Indicates the time in milliseconds that PDUs are transmitted.
(Range: 10-2147483640)
•
leave—Indicates the amount of time in milliseconds that the device waits before leaving
its GARP state. The Leave Time is activated by a Leave All Time message sent/received,
and cancelled by the Join message. (Range: 10-2147483640)
•
leaveall—Used to confirm the port within the VLAN. The time in milliseconds between
messages sent. (Range: 10-2147483640)
•
timer_value—Timer values in milliseconds.
Default Configuration
The default timer values are as follows:
142
•
Join timer—200 milliseconds
•
Leave timer—600 milliseconds
•
Leavall timer—10000 milliseconds
GVRP Commands
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
The timer_value value must be a multiple of 10.
•
You must maintain the following relationship for the various timer values:
•
–
·Leave time must be greater than or equal to three times the join time.
–
·Leave-all time must be greater than the leave time.
Set the same GARP timer values on all Layer 2-connected devices. If the GARP timers are set
differently on the Layer 2-connected devices, GARP application will not operate successfully.
Example
The following example sets the leave timer for port g8 to 900 milliseconds.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# garp timer leave 900
gvrp vlan-creation-forbid
The gvrp vlan-creation-forbid Interface Configuration mode command enables or disables
dynamic VLAN creation. To disable dynamic VLAN creation, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
gvrp vlan-creation-forbid
no gvrp vlan-creation-forbid
Default Configuration
By default, dynamic VLAN creation is enabled.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
This command forbids dynamic VLAN creation from the interface. The creation or
modification of dynamic VLAN registration entries as a result of the GVRP exchanges on an
interface are restricted only to those VLANs for which static VLAN registration exists.
GVRP Commands
143
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example disables dynamic VLAN creation on port g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# gvrp vlan-creation-forbid
gvrp registration-forbid
The gvrp registration-forbid Interface Configuration mode command de-registers all dynamic
VLANs, and prevents dynamic VLAN registration on the port. To allow dynamic registering for
VLANs on a port, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
gvrp registration-forbid
no gvrp registration-forbid
Default Configuration
Dynamic registering and deregistering for each VLAN on the port is allowed.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how default dynamic registering and deregistering is forbidden for
each VLAN on port g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# gvrp registration-forbid
clear gvrp statistics
The clear gvrp statistics Privileged EXEC mode command clears all the GVRP statistics
information.
Syntax
clear gvrp statistics [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
144
•
interface—A valid Ethernet interface.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel trunk index.
GVRP Commands
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example clears all the GVRP statistics information on port g8.
Console# clear gvrp statistics ethernet g8
show gvrp configuration
The show gvrp configuration User EXEC mode command displays GVRP configuration
information, including timer values, whether GVRP and dynamic VLAN creation is enabled, and
which ports are running GVRP.
Syntax
show gvrp configuration [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet interface.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to display GVRP configuration information:
GVRP Commands
145
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show gvrp configuration
GVRP Feature is currently enabled on the switch.
Maximum VLANs: 256
Port(s)
GVRPStatus
Registration
Dynamic
VLAN
Creation
Timers
(milliseconds)
Join
Leave
Leave
All
-------
------
------------
--------
-------------
-----
-----
g1
Enabled
Normal
Enabled
200
600
10000
g4
Enabled
Normal
Enabled
200
600
10000
show gvrp statistics
The show gvrp statistics User EXEC mode command displays GVRP statistics.
Syntax
show gvrp statistics [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet interface.
•
port-channel-number—A valid trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
146
There are no user guidelines for this command.
GVRP Commands
Example
The following example shows GVRP statistics information:
Console# show gvrp statistics
GVRP statistics:
---------------rJE
: Join Empty Received
rJIn : Join In Received
rEmp : Empty Received
rLIn : Leave In Received
rLE
: Leave Empty Received
rLA
sJE
: Join Empty Sent
sJIn : Join In Sent
: Leave All Received
sEmp : Empty Sent
sLIn : Leave In Sent
sLE
sLA
: Leave Empty Sent
: Leave All Sent
Port
rJE
rJIn
rEmp
rLIn
rLE
rLA
sJE
sJIn
sEmp
sLIn sLE
sLA
---
---
----
----
----
---
---
---
----
----
---- ---
---
g1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g5
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g6
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
g8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
show gvrp error-statistics
The show gvrp error-statistics User EXEC mode command displays GVRP error statistics.
GVRP Commands
147
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
show gvrp error-statistics [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—port.
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays GVRP statistics information.
Console# show gvrp-error statistics
GVRP error statistics:
---------------------Legend:
148
INVPROT
: Invalid Protocol Id
INVPLEN
: Invalid PDU Length
INVATYP
: Invalid Attribute Type
INVALEN
: Invalid Attribute Length
INVAVAL
: Invalid Attribute Value INVEVENT : Invalid Event
Port
INVPROT
INVATYP
INVAVAL
INVALEN
INVEVENT
----
-------
-------
-------
-------
--------
g1
0
0
0
0
0
g2
0
0
0
0
0
g3
0
0
0
0
0
g4
0
0
0
0
0
g5
0
0
0
0
0
g6
0
0
0
0
0
g7
0
0
0
0
0
g8
0
0
0
0
0
GVRP Commands
IGMP Snooping Commands
ip igmp snooping (Global)
The ip igmp snooping Global Configuration mode command enables Internet Group
Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping. To disable IGMP snooping use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping
no ip igmp snooping
Default Configuration
IGMP snooping is disabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example enables IGMP snooping.
Console (config)# ip igmp snooping
ip igmp snooping (Interface)
The ip igmp snooping Interface Configuration mode command enables Internet Group
Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping on a specific VLAN. To disable IGMP snooping on a
VLAN interface, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping
no ip igmp snooping
Default Configuration
IGMP snooping is disabled on all VLANs in the set context.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (VLAN) mode
IGMP Snooping Commands
149
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
IGMP snooping can only be enabled on static VLANs.
Example
The following example enables IGMP snooping on VLAN 2.
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# ip igmp snooping
ip igmp snooping mrouter
The ip igmp snooping mrouter Interface Configuration mode command enables automatic
learning of multicast router ports in the context of a specific VLAN. To remove automatic learning
of multicast router ports, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping mrouter learn-pim-dvmrp
no ip igmp snooping mrouter learn-pim-dvmrp
Default Configuration
Automatic learning of mrouter ports is enabled.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
Multicast router ports can be configured statically by the bridge multicast forward-all
command.
Example
The following example enables automatic learning of multicast router ports on VLANs.
Console (config) # interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# ip igmp snooping mrouter learn-pim-dvmrp
ip igmp snooping host-time-out
The ip igmp snooping host-time-out Interface Configuration mode command configures the hosttime-out. If an IGMP report for a multicast group was not received for a host-time-out period, from
a specific port, this port is deleted from the member list of that multicast group. To reset to default
host-time-out use the no form of this command.
150
IGMP Snooping Commands
Syntax
ip igmp snooping host-time-out time-out
no ip igmp snooping host-time-out
•
time-out—Host timeout in seconds. (Range: 1 - 2147483647)
Default Configuration
The default host-time-out is 260 seconds.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
The timeout should be at least greater than 2*query_interval+max_response_time of the
IGMP router.
Example
The following example configures the host timeout to 300 seconds.
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# ip igmp snooping host-time-out 300
ip igmp snooping mrouter-time-out
The ip igmp snooping mrouter-time-out Interface Configuration mode command configures the
mrouter-time-out. The mrouter-time-out command is used for setting the aging-out time after
multicast router ports are automatically learned. To configure the default mrouter-time-out, use
the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping mrouter-time-out time-out
no ip igmp snooping mrouter-time-out
•
time-out—mrouter timeout in seconds (Range: 1 - 2147483647)
Default Configuration
The default value is 300 seconds.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
IGMP Snooping Commands
151
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the mrouter timeout to 200 seconds.
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# ip igmp snooping mrouter-time-out 200
ip igmp snooping leave-time-out
The ip igmp snooping leave-time-out VLAN Interface Configuration mode command configures
the leave-time-out. If an IGMP report for a multicast group is not received within the leave-timeout period after an IGMP leave was received from a specific port, the current port is deleted from
the member list of that multicast group. To configure the default leave-time-out, use the no form
of this command.
Syntax
ip igmp snooping leave-time-out {time-out | immediate-leave}
no ip igmp snooping leave-time-out
•
time-out—leave-time-out in seconds. (Range: 0 - 2147483647)
•
immediate-leave—Specifies that the port should be immediately removed from the
members list after receiving IGMP Leave.
Default Configuration
The default leave-time-out configuration is 10 seconds.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
The leave timeout should be set greater than the maximum time that a host is allowed to
respond to an IGMP Query.
•
Use immediate leave only where there is only one host connected to a port.
Example
The following example configures the host leave-time-out to 60 seconds.
Console (config)# interface vlan 2
Console (config-if)# ip igmp snooping leave-time-out 60
152
IGMP Snooping Commands
show ip igmp snooping mrouter
The show ip igmp snooping mrouter User EXEC mode command displays information on
dynamically learned multicast router interfaces.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping mrouter [interface vlan-id]
•
vlan_id—VLAN ID value.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows IGMP snooping mrouter information.
Console # show ip igmp snooping mrouter
VLAN
Ports
----
------
2
g1
show ip igmp snooping interface
The show ip igmp snooping interface User EXEC mode command displays IGMP snooping
configuration.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping interface vlan-id
•
vlan_id—VLAN ID value.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
IGMP Snooping Commands
153
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The example displays IGMP snooping information.
Console # show ip igmp snooping interface 1
IGMP Snooping is globaly disabled
IGMP Snooping is disabled on VLAN 1
IGMP host timeout is 260 sec
IGMP Immediate leave is disabled. IGMP leave timeout is 60 sec
IGMP mrouter timeout is 300 sec
Automatic learning of multicast router ports is enabled
show ip igmp snooping groups
The show ip igmp snooping groups User EXEC mode command displays the multicast groups
learned by IGMP snooping.
Syntax
show ip igmp snooping groups [vlan vlan-id] [address ip-multicast-address]
•
vlan_id—VLAN ID value.
•
ip-multicast-address—IP multicast address.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
154
To see the full multicast address table (including static addresses) use the show bridge
address-table command.
IGMP Snooping Commands
Example
The example shows IGMP snooping information.
Console # show ip igmp snooping groups
Vlan
IP Address
Querier
Ports
-----
------------------
--------
------------
1
224-239.130|2.2.3
Yes
g1, g2
19
224-239.130|2.2.8
Yes
g9-11
IGMP Snooping Commands
155
156
IGMP Snooping Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
IP Addressing Commands
clear host dhcp
The clear host dhcp Privileged EXEC mode command deletes entries from the host name-toaddress mapping received from Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).
Syntax
clear host dhcp {name | *}
•
name—Particular host entry to remove. (Range: 1 - 158 characters.)
•
*— Removes all entries.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
This command would delete the host name-to-address mapping temporarily until the next
renew of the IP address.
Examples
The following example deletes all entries from the host name-to-address mapping.
Console# clear host dhcp *
ip address
The ip address Interface Configuration mode command sets an IP address. To remove an IP
address, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip address ip-address {mask | prefix-length}
no ip address [ip-address]
•
ip-address—IP address
•
mask—Specifies the network mask of the IP address. (Range: Valid Subnet mask)
IP Addressing Commands
157
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
prefix-length—The number of bits that comprise the IP address prefix. The prefix length
must be preceded by a forward slash (/). (Range: 8 -30)
Default Configuration
No IP address is defined for interfaces.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, VLAN, port-channel)
User Guidelines
•
An IP address cannot be configured for a range of interfaces (range context).
Example
The following example configures VLAN 1 with the IP address 131.108.1.27 and subnet mask
255.255.255.0.
Console (config)# interface vlan 1
Console (config-if)# ip address 131.108.1.27 255.255.255.0
ip address dhcp
The ip address dhcp Interface Configuration mode command acquires an IP address on an
interface from the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. To deconfigure any
acquired address, use the no form of this command.
The no ip address dhcp command deconfigures any IP address that was acquired, thus sending a
DHCPRELEASE message.
Syntax
ip address dhcp [hostname host-name]
no ip address dhcp
•
hostname—Specifies the host name.(Range: 1 - 20 characters)
•
host-name—DHCP host name. This name need not be the same as the host name
entered in global configuration mode.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, VLAN, port-channel)
158
IP Addressing Commands
User Guidelines
•
The ip address dhcp command allows any interface to dynamically learn its IP address by
using the DHCP protocol.
•
Some DHCP Servers require that the DHCPDISCOVER message have a specific host name.
The most typical usage of the ip address dhcp hostname host-name command is when hostname is the host name provided by the system administrator.
•
If a device is configured to obtain its IP address from a DHCP server, it sends a
DHCPDISCOVER message to provide information about itself to the DHCP server on the
network.
•
If the ip address dhcp command is used with or without the optional keyword, the DHCP
option 12 field (host name option) is included in the DISCOVER message. By default, the
specified DHCP host name is the device globally configured host name.
•
However, you can use the ip address dhcp hostname host-name command to place a different
name in the DHCP option 12 field than the globally configured host name of the device.
•
The no ip address dhcp command deconfigures any IP address that was acquired, thus
sending a DHCPRELEASE message.
Example
The following example acquires an IP address on an Ethernet interface from DHCP.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# ip address dhcp
ip default-gateway
The ip default-gateway Global Configuration mode command defines a default gateway (router).
To remove the default gateway use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip default-gateway ip-address
no ip default-gateway
•
ip-address — Valid IP address that specifies the IP address of the default gateway.
Default Configuration
No default gateway is defined.
Command Mode
Global configuration
IP Addressing Commands
159
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no User Guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example defines an ip default gateway.
Console(config)# ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1
show ip interface
The show ip interface User EXEC mode command displays the usability status of interfaces
configured for IP.
Syntax
show ip interface [ethernet interface-number | vlan vlan-id | port-channel number]
•
ethernet interface-number—port.
•
vlan vlan-id—VLAN number.
•
port-channel number—Port-channel number.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example the displays the usability status of interfaces configured for IP.
160
IP Addressing Commands
Console# show ip interface
Gateway IP Address
Type
Activity Status
---------------------
-----------
---------------
10.7.1.1
Static
Active
IP address
Interface
Type
-------------------
------------
------------
10.7.1.192/24
VLAN 1
Static
10.7.2.192/24
VLAN 2
DHCP
arp
The arp Global Configuration mode command adds a permanent entry in the Address Resolution
Protocol (ARP) cache. To remove an entry from the ARP cache, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
arp ip_addr hw_addr {ethernet interface-number | vlan vlan-id | port-channel number}
no arp ip_addr {ethernet interface-number | vlan vlan-id | port-channel number}
•
ip_addr—IP address or IP alias to map to the specified MAC address.
•
hw_addr—MAC address to map to the specified IP address or IP alias.
•
ethernet interface-number—Ethernet port number.
•
vlan vlan-id—VLAN number.
•
port-channel number—Port-channel number.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The software uses ARP cache entries to translate 32-bit IP addresses into 48-bit hardware
addresses. Because most hosts support dynamic resolution, static ARP cache entries do not
need to be specified.
IP Addressing Commands
161
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example adds the IP address 198.133.219.232 and MAC address 00:00:0c:40:0f:bc to
the ARP table.
Console (config)# arp 198.133.219.232 00:00:0c:40:0f:bc ethernet
g8
arp timeout
The arp timeout Global Configuration mode command configures how long an entry remains in
the ARP cache. To restore the default value, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
arp timeout seconds
no arp timeout
•
seconds—Time (in seconds) that an entry remains in the ARP cache. (Range: 1 - 40000000)
Default Configuration
The default timeout is 60000 seconds.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
It is recommended not to set the timeout value to less than 3600.
Example
The following example configures ARP timeout to 12000 seconds.
Console (config)# arp timeout 12000
clear arp-cache
The clear arp-cache Privileged EXEC mode command deletes all dynamic entries from the ARP
cache.
Syntax
clear arp-cache
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
162
IP Addressing Commands
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example deletes all dynamic entries from the ARP cache.
Console# clear arp-cache
show arp
The show arp Privileged EXEC mode command displays entries in the ARP table.
Syntax
show arp
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays entries in the ARP table.
Console# show arp
ARP timeout: 60000 Seconds
Interface
IP address
HW address
status
----------
----------------
------------------
--------
g1
10.7.1.102
00:10:B5:04:DB:4B
Dynamic
g2
10.7.1.135
00:50:22:00:2A:A4
Static
IP Addressing Commands
163
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
ip domain-lookup
The ip domain-lookup Global Configuration mode command enables the IP Domain Naming
System (DNS)-based host name-to-address translation. To disable the DNS, use the no form of
this command.
Syntax
ip domain-lookup
no ip domain-lookup
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Enabled
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example enables the IP Domain Naming System (DNS)-based host name-to-address
translation.
Console (config)# ip domain-lookup
ip domain-name
The ip domain-name Global Configuration mode command defines a default domain name, that
the software uses to complete unqualified host names (names without a dotted-decimal domain
name). To disable use of the Domain Name System (DNS), use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip domain-name name
no ip domain-name
•
name—Default domain name used to complete unqualified host names. Do not include
the initial period that separates an unqualified name from the domain name.(Range: 1 158 characters)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
164
IP Addressing Commands
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example defines a default domain name of www.dell.com.
Console (config)# ip domain-name www.dell.com
ip name-server
The ip name-server Global Configuration mode command sets the available name servers. To
remove a name server, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip name-server server-address [server-address2 … server-address8]
no ip name-server [server-address1 … server-address8]
•
server-address—IP addresses of the name server. Up to 8 servers can be defined in one
command or by using multiple commands.
Default Configuration
No name server addresses are specified.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The preference of the servers is determined by the order they were entered.
•
Up to 8 servers can be defined.
Examples
The following example sets the available name server.
Console (config)# ip name-server 176.16.1.18
ip host
The ip host Global Configuration mode command defines a static host name-to-address mapping
in the host cache. To remove the name-to-address mapping, use the no form of this command.
IP Addressing Commands
165
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
ip host name address
no ip host name
•
name—Name of the host (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
address—Associated IP address.
Default Configuration
No host is defined.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example defines a static host name-to-address mapping in the host cache.
Console (config)# ip host accounting.dell.com 176.10.23.1
clear host
The clear host Privileged EXEC mode command deletes entries from the host name-to-address
cache.
Syntax
clear host {name | *}
•
name—Particular host entry to remove. (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
*—Removes all entries.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
166
There are no user guidelines for this command.
IP Addressing Commands
Examples
The following example deletes entries from the host name-to-address cache.
Console (config)# clear host *
show hosts
The show hosts User EXEC mode command displays the default domain name, a list of name
server hosts, the static and the cached list of host names and addresses.
Syntax
show hosts [name]
•
name—Name of the host.(Range: 1 - 158 characters)
Default Configuration
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays host information.
IP Addressing Commands
167
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
console> show hosts
Default domain is GM.COM
Name/address lookup is enabled
Name servers: 176.16.1.18 176.16.1.19
Static host name-to-address mapping:
Host
Addresses
----
---------
www.dell.com
176.16.8.8 176.16.8.9
Cache:
TTL(Hours)
168
Host
Total
Elapsed
Type
Addresses
----
-----
---------
------
---------
www.dell.com
72
3
IP
171.64.14.203
IP Addressing Commands
LACP Commands
lacp system-priority
The lacp system-priority Global Configuration mode command configures the system priority. To
reset to default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lacp system-priority value
no lacp system-priority
•
value—Value of the priority. (Range: 1 - 65535)
Default Configuration
The default system priority value is 1.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the system priority to 120.
Console (config)# lacp system-priority 120
lacp port-priority
The lacp port-priority Interface Configuration mode command configures the priority value for
physical ports. To reset to default priority value, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lacp port-priority value
no lacp port-priority
•
value—Port priority value. (Range: 1 - 65535)
Default Configuration
The default port priority value is 1.
LACP Commands
169
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the priority value for port g8 to 247.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# lacp port-priority 247
lacp timeout
The lacp timeout Interface Configuration mode command assigns an administrative LACP
timeout. To reset the default administrative LACP timeout use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lacp timeout {long | short}
no lacp timeout
•
long—Specifies a long timeout value.
•
short—Specifies a short timeout value.
Default Configuration
The default port timeout value is long.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example assigns an administrative LACP timeout for port g8 to a long timeout value.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# lacp timeout long
170
LACP Commands
show lacp ethernet
The show lacp ethernet Privilege EXEC mode command displays LACP information for Ethernet
ports.
Syntax
show lacp ethernet interface [parameters | statistics | protocol-state]
•
Interface—Ethernet interface.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privilege EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to display LACP statistics information.
Console# show lacp ethernet g1 statistics
Port g1 LACP Statistics:
LACP PDUs sent:2
LACP PDUs received:2
show lacp port-channel
The show lacp port-channel Privileged EXEC mode command displays LACP information for a
port-channel.
Syntax
show lacp port-channel [port_channel_number]
•
port_channel_number—The port-channel number.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
LACP Commands
171
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to display LACP port-channel information.
Console# show lacp port-channel 1
Port-Channel 1:Port Type 1000 Ethernet
Actor
System Priority:1
MAC Address: 00:02:85:0E:1C:00
Admin Key:
29
Oper Key:
29
Partner
System Priority:0
MAC Address: 00:00:00:00:00:00
Oper Key:
172
LACP Commands
14
Line Commands
line
The line Global Configuration mode command identifies a specific line for configuration and
enters the line configuration command mode.
Syntax
line {console | telnet | ssh}
•
console—Console terminal line.
•
telnet—Virtual terminal for remote console access (Telnet).
•
ssh—Virtual terminal for secured remote console access (SSH).
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example configures the device as a virtual terminal for remote console access.
Console(config)# line telnet
Console(config-line)#
speed
The speed Line Configuration mode command sets the line baud rate.
Syntax
speed bps
•
bps—Baud rate in bits per second (bps). The options are 2400, 9600, 19200 and 38400.
Default Configuration
This default speed is 9600.
Line Commands
173
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Line Configuration (console) mode
User Guidelines
•
The configured speed would be applied when Autobaud is disabled.
•
If Autobaud is disabled, the new speed is implemented immediately.
Examples
The following example sets the baud rate to 9600.
Console (config)# line console
Console(config-line)# speed 9600
autobaud
The autobaud Line Configuration mode command sets the line for automatic baud rate detection
(autobaud). Use the no form of this command to disable automatic baud rate detection.
Syntax
autobaud
no autobaud
Default Configuration
Disabled
Command Mode
Line Configuration (console) mode
User Guidelines
•
To start communications using automatic baud detection, press the Enter key twice.
Examples
The following example sets the line for automatic baud rate detection.
Console (config)# line console
Console(config-line)# autobaud
exec-timeout
The exec-timeout Line Configuration mode command sets the interval that the system waits until
user input is detected. To restore the default setting, use the no form of this command.
174
Line Commands
Syntax
exec-timeout minutes [seconds]
no exec-timeout
•
minutes—Integer that specifies the number of minutes. (Range: 0 - 65535)
•
seconds—Additional time intervals in seconds. (Range: 0 - 59)
Default Configuration
The default configuration is 10 minutes.
Command Mode
Line Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
To specify no timeout, enter the exec-timeout ("0 0") command.
Examples
The following example configures the interval that the system waits until user input is detected to
20 minutes.
Console (config)# line console
Console(config-line)# exec-timeout 20
show line
The show line User EXEC mode command displays line parameters.
Syntax
show line [console | telnet | ssh]
•
console—Console terminal line.
•
telnet—Virtual terminal for remote console access (Telnet).
•
ssh—Virtual terminal for secured remote console access (SSH).
Default Configuration
Default value is console.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Line Commands
175
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays the line configuration.
console# show line console
Interactive timeout:
History:
10 minutes
10
terminal history
The terminal history EXEC mode command enables the command history function for the
current terminal session. To disable the command history function, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
terminal history
terminal no history
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
The command enables the command history for the current session. The default would be
determined by the history line configuration command.
terminal history size
The terminal history size EXEC mode command changes the command history buffer size for the
current terminal session. To reset the command history buffer size to the default, use the no form
of this command.
Syntax
terminal history size number-of-commands
terminal no history size
•
176
number-of-commands - Number of commands the system records in the history buffer
(Range: 1-0216).
Line Commands
Default Configuration
The default is determined by the history size line configuration command.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
The maximum for the sum of all buffers is 256.
Line Commands
177
178
Line Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
LLDP Commands
lldp enable (global)
To enable Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP), use the lldp enable command in global
configuration mode. To disable LLDP, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lldp enable
no lldp enable
Default Configuration
The command is enabled.
Command Mode
Global configuration
User Guidlines
•
There are no guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example enables Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) .
console (config)# lldp enable
lldp enable (interface)
To enable Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) on an interface, use the lldp enable command in
interface configuration mode. To disable LLDP on an interface, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lldp enable [rx | tx | both]
no lldp enable
•
rx — Receive only LLDP packets.
•
tx —Transmit only LLDP packets.
•
both — Receive and transmit LLDP packets (default)
Default Configuration
Enabled in both modes.
LLDP Commands
179
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Ethernet)
User Guidelines
•
LLDP manages LAG ports individually. LLDP sends separate advertisements on each port in
a LAG. LLDP data received through LAG ports is stored individually per port.
•
LLDP operation on a port is not dependent on STP state of a port. I.e. LLDP frames are sent
and received on blocked ports. If a port is controlled by 802.1X, LLDP operates only if the
port is authorized.
Examples
The following example enables Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) on an interface (g5).
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# lldp enable
lldp timer
To specify how often the software sends Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) updates, use the
lldp timer command in global configuration mode. To revert to the default setting, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
lldp timer seconds
no lldp timer
•
seconds — Specifies in seconds how often the software sends LLDP update. (Range: 5 32768 seconds).
Default Configuration
Default - 30 seconds.
Command Modes
Global configuration
User Guidelines
•
180
There are no user guidelines for this command.
LLDP Commands
Examples
The following example specifies how often the software sends Link Layer Discovery Protocol
(LLDP) updates.
Console (config) # lldp timer
lldp hold-multiplier
To specify the amount of time the receiving device should hold a Link Layer Discovery Protocol
(LLDP) packet before discarding it, use the lldp hold-multiplier command in global configuration
mode. To revert to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lldp hold-multiplier number
no lldp hold-multiplier
•
number — Specifies the hold time to be sent in the LLDP update packets as a multiple of
the timer value (Range: 2-10).
Default Configuraiton
The default configuration is 4.
Command Modes
Global configuration
User Guidelines
•
The actual time-to-live value used in LLDP frames can be expressed by the following formula:
TTL = min(65535, LLDP-Timer * LLDP-HoldMultiplier). For example, if the value of LLDP
timer is '30', and the value of the LLDP hold multiplier is '4', then the value '120' is encoded in
the TTL field in the LLDP header.
Examples
The following example specifies how often the software sends Link Layer Discovery Protocol
(LLDP) updates.
Console (config) # lldp hold-multiplier 6
lldp reinit-delay
To specify the minimum time an LLDP port will wait before reinitializing LLDP transmission, use
the lldp reinit-delay command in global configuration mode. To revert to the default setting, use
the no form of this command.
LLDP Commands
181
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
lldp reinit-delay seconds
no lldp reinit-delay
•
seconds — Specifies the minimum time in seconds an LLDP port will wait before
reinitializing LLDP transmission. (Range 1-10 seconds).
Default Configuraiton
2 seconds
Command Modes
Global configuration
User Guidelines
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example specifies the minimum time an LLDP port will wait before reinitializing
LLDP transmission.
Console (config) # lldp reinit-delay 6
lldp tx-delay
To specify the delay between successive LLDP frame transmissions initiated by value/status
changes in the LLDP local systems MIB, use the lldp tx-delay command in global configuration
mode. To revert to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
lldp tx-delay seconds
no lldp tx-delay
Parameters
•
seconds — Specifies the delay in seconds between successive LLDP frame transmissions
initiated by value/status changes in the LLDP local systems MIB. Range 1-8192 second.
Default Configuration
The default value is 2 seconds
Command Modes
Global configuration
182
LLDP Commands
Usage Guidelines
•
It is recommended that the TxDelay would be less than 0.25 of the LLDP timer interval.
Examples
The following example specifies the delay between successive LLDP frame transmissions initiated
by value/status changes in the LLDP local systems MIB.
Console (config) # lldp tx-delay 7
lldp optional-tlv
To specify which optional TLVs from the basic set should be transmitted, use the lldp optional-tlv
command in interface configuration mode. To revert to the default setting, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
lldp optional-tlv tlv1 [tlv2 … tlv5]
no lldp optional-tlv
•
tlv — Specifies TLV that should be included. Available optional TLVs are: port-desc, sysname, sys-desc and sys-cap . (Range 1-8192 seconds).
Default Configuration
No optional TLV is transmitted.
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Ethernet)
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example specifies which optional TLV (2)s from the basic set should be transmitted.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# lldp optional-tlv sys-name
lldp management-address
To specify the management address that would be advertised from an interface, use the lldp
management-address command in interface configuration mode. To stop advertising management
address information, use the no form of this command.
LLDP Commands
183
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
lldp management-address ip-address
no management-address ip
•
ip-address — Specifies the management address to advertise.
Default Configuration
No IP address is advertised.
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Ethernet)
User Guidelines
•
Each port can advertise one IP address.
•
Only static IP addresses can be advertised.
Example
The following example specifies management address that would be advertised from an interface.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# lldp management-address 192.168.0.1
clear lldp rx
To restart the LLDP RX state machine and clearing the neighbors table, use the clear lldp rx
command in privileged EXEC mode.
Syntax
clear lldp rx [ethernet interface]
•
Interface — Ethernet port
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The folowing example restarts the LLDP RX state machine and clearing the neighbors table.
console (config)#clear lldp rx
184
LLDP Commands
show lldp configuration
To display the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) configuration, use the show lldp
configuration command in privileged EXEC mode.
Syntax
show lldp configuration [ethernet interface]
•
Interface — Ethernet port
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) configuration
Switch# show lldp configuration
Timer: 30 Seconds
Hold multiplier: 4
Reinit delay: 2 Seconds
Tx delay: 2 Seconds
Port
State
Optional TLVs
Addres
g1
RX, TX
PD, SN, SD, SC
172.16.1.1
g2
TX
PD, SN
172.16.1.1
g3
Disabled
show lldp local
To display the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) information that is advertised from a specific
port, use the show lldp local command in privileged EXEC mode.
Syntax
show lldp local ethernet interface
•
Interface — Ethernet port
LLDP Commands
185
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) information that is
advertised from a specific port.
Switch# show lldp local ethernet g1
Device ID: 0060.704C.73FF
Port ID: 1
Capabilities: Bridge
System Name: ts-7800-1
System description:
Port description:
Management address: 172.16.1.8
show lldp neighbors
To display information about neighboring devices discovered using Link Layer Discovery Protocol
(LLDP), use the show lldp neighbors command in privileged EXEC mode.
Syntax
show lldp neighbors [ethernet interface]
•
Interface — Ethernet port
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays information about neighboring devices discovered using Link Layer
Discovery Protocol (LLDP).
186
LLDP Commands
Switch# show lldp neighbors
Port
Device ID
Port
ID
Hold
Time
Capabilities
System
Name
g1
0060.704C.73FE
1
117
B
ts-7800-2
g1
0060.704C.73FD
1
93
B
ts-7800-2
g2
0060.704C.73F C
9
1
B, R
ts-7900-1
g3
0060.704C.73FB
1
92
W
ts-7900-2
Switch# show lldp neighbors ethernet g1
Device ID: 0060.704C.73FE
Port ID: 1
Hold Time: 117
Capabilities: B
System Name: ts-7800-2
System description:
Port description:
Management address: 172.16.1.1
LLDP Commands
187
188
LLDP Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Management ACL
management access-list
The management access-list Global Configuration mode command defines an access-list for
management, and enters the access-list for configuration. Once in the access-list configuration
mode, the denied or permitted access conditions are configured with the deny and permit
commands. To remove an access list, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
management access-list name
no management access-list name
•
name—The access list name using up to 32 characters.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
This command enters the access-list configuration mode, where the denied or permitted
access conditions with the deny and permit commands must be defined.
•
If no match criteria are defined the default is "deny".
•
If reentering to an access-list context, the new rules are entered at the end of the access-list.
•
Use the management access-class command to select the active access-list.
•
The active management list cannot be updated or removed.
•
Management ACL requires a valid management interface (valid IFindex). A valid
management interface is an interface with an IP address. A valid (IFindex) management
interface can be a single port, vlan or port-channel. Management ACL only restricts access to
the device for management configuration or viewing.
Management ACL
189
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example shows how to create an access-list called "mlist", configure two management
interfaces ethernet g1 and ethernet g9, and make the access-list the active list.
Console (config)# management access-list mlist
Console (config-macl)# permit ethernet g1
Console (config-macl)# permit ethernet g9
Console (config-macl)# exit
Console (config)# management access-class mlist
The following example shows how to create an access-list called "mlist", configure all interfaces to
be management interfaces except interfaces ethernet g1 and ethernet g9, and make the access-list
the active list.
Console (config)# management access-list mlist
Console (config-macl)# deny ethernet g1
Console (config-macl)# deny ethernet g9
Console (config-macl)# permit
Console (config-macl)# exit
Console (config)# management access-class mlist
permit (management)
The permit Management Access-List Configuration mode command defines a permit rule.
Syntax
permit [ethernet interface-number | vlan vlan-id | port-channel number] [service service]
permit ip-source ip-address [mask mask | prefix-length] [ethernet interface-number | vlan
vlan-id | port-channel number] [service service]
190
•
ethernet interface-number—A valid Ethernet port number.
•
vlan vlan-id—A valid VLAN number.
•
port-channel number—A valid port channel number.
•
ip-address—Source IP address.(Range: Valid IP Address)
•
mask mask—Specifies the network mask of the source IP address. (Range: Valid subnet
mask)
Management ACL
•
mask prefix-length—Specifies the number of bits that comprise the source IP address
prefix. The prefix length must be preceded by a forward slash (/). (Range: 0 - 32)
•
service service—Indicates service type. Can be one of the following: telnet, ssh, http,
https or snmp.
Default Configuration
If no permit statement is present, the default is set to deny.
Command Mode
Management Access-list Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Rules with Ethernet, VLAN and port-channel parameters are valid only if an IP address is
defined on the appropriate interface.The system supports up to 256 management access
rules.
Example
The following example shows how all ports are permitted in the access-list called "mlist".
Console (config)# management access-list mlist
Console (config-macl)# permit
deny (management)
The deny Management Access-List Configuration mode command defines a deny rule.
Syntax
deny [ethernet interface-number | vlan vlan-id | port-channel number] [service service]
deny ip-source ip-address [mask mask | prefix-length] [ethernet interface-number | vlan vlanid | port-channel number] [service service]
•
ethernet interface-number—A valid Ethernet port number.
•
vlan vlan-id—A valid VLAN number.
•
port-channel number—A valid port-channel number.
•
ip-address—Source IP address. (Range: Valid IP Address)
•
mask mask—Specifies the network mask of the source IP address. (Range: Valid subnet
mask)
•
mask prefix-length—Specifies the number of bits that comprise the source IP address
prefix. The prefix length must be preceded by a forward slash (/). (Range: 0 - 32)
Management ACL
191
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
service service—Indicates service type. Can be one of the following: telnet, ssh, http,
https or snmp.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Management Access-list Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Rules with Ethernet, VLAN and port-channel parameters are valid only if an IP address is
defined on the appropriate interface.The system supports up to 256 management access
rules.
Example
The following example shows how all ports are denied in the access-list called "mlist".
Console (config)# management access-list mlist
Console (config-macl)# deny
management access-class
The management access-class Global Configuration mode command defines which management
access-list is used. To disable restriction, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
management access-class {console-only | name}
no management access-class
•
name—Name of the access list. If unspecified, defaults to an empty access-list.(Range: 1 32 characters)
•
console-only—The device can be managed only from the console.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
192
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Management ACL
Example
The following example configures an access-list called "mlist" as the management access-list.
Console (config)# management access-class mlist
show management access-list
The show management access-list Privileged EXEC mode command displays management accesslists.
Syntax
show management access-list [name]
•
name—Name of the access list. If unspecified, defaults to an empty access-list.(Range: 1 32 characters)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the active management access-list.
Console# show management access-list
mlist
----permit ethernet g1
permit ethernet g9
! (Note: all other access implicitly denied)
show management access-class
The show management access-class Privileged EXEC mode command displays the active
management access-list.
Management ACL
193
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
show management access-class
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the management access-list information.
Console# show management access-class
Management access-class is enabled, using access list mlist
194
Management ACL
PHY Diagnostics Commands
test copper-port tdr
The test copper-port tdr Privileged EXEC mode command diagnoses with TDR (Time Domain
Reflectometry) technology the quality and characteristics of a copper cable attached to a port.
Syntax
test copper-port tdr interface
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The port under test should be conducted when the fiber link is down.
NOTE: The maximum distance VCT can function is 120 meters.
Examples
The following example results in a report on the cable attached to port g3.
Console# test copper-port tdr g3
Cable is open at 100 meters
show copper-ports tdr
The show copper-ports tdr Privileged EXEC mode command display the last TDR (Time Domain
Reflectometry) tests on specified ports.
Syntax
show copper-ports tdr [interface]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
PHY Diagnostics Commands
195
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the last TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) tests on all ports.
Console# show copper-ports tdr
Port
Result
Length
[meters]
Date
----
-------
--------
-----
g1
OK
g2
Short
50
13:32:00 23 July 2003
g3
Test has not been performed
g4
Short
128
13:32:00 23 July 2003
g5
Fiber
-
-
show copper-ports cable-length
The show copper-ports cable-length Privileged EXEC mode command displays the estimated
copper cable length attached to a port.
Syntax
show copper-ports cable-length [interface]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
196
The port must be active and working in 1000M.
PHY Diagnostics Commands
Example
The following example displays the estimated copper cable length attached to all ports.
Console# show copper-ports cable-length
Port
Length [meters]
----
---------------------
g1
< 50
g2
Giga link not active
g3
110-140
show fiber-ports optical-transceiver
The show fiber-ports optical-transceiver Privileged EXEC mode command displays the optical
transceiver diagnostics.
Syntax
show fiber-ports optical-transceiver [interface] [detailed]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
detailed—Detailed diagnostics.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
To test optical transceivers, ensure a fiber link is up. The test is only supported on Dell
supported SFP modules.
PHY Diagnostics Commands
197
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays the optical transceiver diagnostics.
console# show fiber-ports optical-transceiver
Port
Temp
Voltage
Current
Power
Output
Power
Input
Power
LOS
----
-----
-------
------
------
------
---
g3
Copper
g21
W
OK
E
OK
OK
OK
g22
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
Temp – Internally measured transceiver temperature.
Voltage - Internally measured supply voltage.
Current – Measured TX bias current.
Output Power – Measured TX output power.
Input Power – Measured RX
LOS – Loss of signal
198
PHY Diagnostics Commands
received power.
The following example displays detailed optical transceiver diagnostics.
console# show fiber-ports optical-transceiver detailed
Port
Temp
[C]
Voltage
[Volt]
Current
[mA]
Output
Power
[mWatt
]
Input
Power
[mWatt]
LOS
----
-----
-------
------
------
------
---
g23
70
7.27
0.79
3.30
2.50
No
g21
70
7.24
0.78
2.20
2.49
No
Temp – Internally measured transceiver temperature.
Voltage - Internally measured supply voltage.
Current – Measured TX bias current.
Output Power – Measured TX output power.
Input Power – Measured RX
received power.
LOS – Loss of signal
PHY Diagnostics Commands
199
200
PHY Diagnostics Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Port Channel Commands
interface port-channel
The interface port-channel Global Configuration mode command enters the interface
configuration mode of a specific port-channel.
Syntax
interface port-channel port-channel-number
•
port-channel-number—A valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Eight aggregated links can be defined with up to 8 member ports per port channel.Turning off
auto-negotiation of an aggregate link may, under some circumstances, make it nonoperational. If the other side has auto-negotiation turned on, it may re-synchronize all
members of the aggregated link to half-duplex operation, and may, as per the standards, set
them all to inactive.
Example
The following example enters the context of port-channel number 1.
Console (config)# interface port-channel 1
interface range port-channel
The interface range port-channel Global Configuration mode command enters the interface
configuration mode to configure multiple port-channels.
Syntax
interface range port-channel {port-channel-range | all}
•
port-channel-range—List of port-channels to configure. Separate non-consecutive portchannels with a comma and no spaces. A hyphen designates a range of port-channels.
•
all—All the channel-ports.
Port Channel Commands
201
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Commands under the interface range context are executed independently on each interface
in the range: If the command returns an error on one of the interfaces, it will not stop the
execution of the command on other interfaces.
Example
The following example shows how port-channels 1, 2 and 8 are grouped to receive the same
command.
Console (config)# interface range port-channel 1-2
Console (config-if)#
channel-group
The channel-group Interface Configuration mode command associates a port with a port-channel.
To remove a port from a port channel, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
channel-group port-channel-number mode {on | auto}
no channel-group
•
port-channel_number—Specifies the number of the valid port-channel for the current
port to join.
•
on—Forces the port to join a channel.
•
auto—Allows the port to join a channel as a result of an LACP operation.
Default Configuration
The port is not assigned to any port-channel.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
202
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Port Channel Commands
Example
The following example shows how port g5 is configured to port-channel number 1 without LACP.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g5
Console (config-if)# channel-group 1 mode on
port channel load balance
Use the port-channel load-balance global configuration command to configure the load balancing
policy of the port channeling. Use the no form of this command to reset to default.
Syntax
port-channel load-balance {layer-2 | layer-2-3 | layer-2-3-4}
no port-channel load-balance
•
layer-2 — Port channel load balancing is based on layer 2 parameters.
•
layer-2-3 — Port channel load balancing is based on layer 2 and layer 3 parameters.
•
layer-2-3-4 — Port channel load balancing is based on layer 2, layer 3 and layer 4
parameters.
Default Configuration
Layer 2
Command Modes
Global Configuration
User Guidelines
•
In L2+L3+L4 load balancing policy, fragmented packets might be reordered.
Example
The following example configures the load balancing policy of the port channeling on layer 2.
Console (config) # port-channel load-balance layer-2
show interfaces port-channel
Use the show interfaces port-channel global configuration command to show Port channel
information.
Syntax
show interfaces port-channel [port-channel-number]
Port Channel Commands
203
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
port_channel_number — Number of the Port channel to display. (Range: Valid port
channel)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how all port channel information is displayed.
Console# show interfaces port-channel
Load balancing: Layer2 and Layer 3.
Channel
Ports
-------------
204
-----------------------------------------
1
Active: 1, 2
2
Active: 2, 7
3
Active: 3, 8
Port Channel Commands
Port Monitor Commands
port monitor
The port monitor Interface Configuration mode command starts a port monitoring session. To
stop a port monitoring session, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
port monitor src-interface [rx | tx]
no port monitor src-interface
•
src-interface—Valid Ethernet port or port-channel number.
•
rx—Monitors received packets only. If no option specified, monitors both rx and tx.
•
tx—Monitors transmitted packets only. If no option specified, monitors both rx and tx.
Default Configuration
The default is both rx and tx.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
This command enables traffic on one port to be copied to another port, or between the source
port (src-interface) and a destination port (the port being configured). Only a single target
port can be defined per system.
•
The port being monitored cannot be set faster than the monitoring port.
•
The following restrictions apply to ports configured to be destination ports:
•
•
The port cannot be already configured as a source port.
•
The port cannot be a member in a port-channel.
•
An IP interface is not configured on the port.
•
GVRP is not enabled on the port.
•
The port is not a member in any VLAN, except for the default VLAN (will automatically
be removed from the default VLAN).
The following restrictions apply to ports configured to be source ports:
•
Port monitoring Source Ports must be simple ports, and not port-channels.
•
The port cannot be already configured as a destination port.
•
All the frames are transmitted as either always tagged or always untagged.
Port Monitor Commands
205
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
General Restrictions:
•
Ports cannot be configured as a group using the interface range ethernet command.
NOTE: The Port Mirroring target must be a member of the Ingress VLAN of all Mirroring source ports.
Therefore, multicast and broadcast frames in these VLANs are seen more than once. (Actually N, where
N is the number of mirroring source ports).
When both transmit (Tx) and receive (Rx) directions of more than one port are monitored,
the capacity may exceed the bandwidth of the target port. In this case, the division of the
monitored packets may not be equal. The user is advised to use caution in assigning port
monitoring.
Example
The following example shows how traffic on port g8 (source port) is copied to port g1 (destination
port).
Console(config)# interface ethernet g1
Console(config-if)# port monitor g8
show ports monitor
The show ports monitor User EXEC mode command displays the port monitoring status.
Syntax
show ports monitor
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how the port copy status is displayed.
206
Port Monitor Commands
Console# show ports monitor
Source
Port
Destination Port Type
Status
----------
---------------- ------------
-------
g1
g8
RX, TX
Active
g2
g8
RX, TX
Active
g18
g8
Rx
Active
Port Monitor Commands
207
208
Port Monitor Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
QoS Commands
qos
The qos Global Configuration mode command enables quality of service (QoS) on the device
and enters QoS basic mode. Use the no form of this command to disable the QoS features on
the device.
Syntax
qos
no qos
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how QoS is enabled on the device, in basic mode.
Console (config)# qos
show qos
The show qos User EXEC mode command displays the quality of service (QoS) mode for the
entire device.
Syntax
show qos
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
QoS Commands
209
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays a QoS mode.
Console# show qos
Trust: dscp
Console# show qos
Qos: disabled
Trust: dscp
wrr-queue cos-map
The wrr-queue cos-map Global Configuration mode command maps assigned CoS values to select
one of the egress queues. To return to the default values, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
wrr-queue cos-map queue-id cos1...cos8
no wrr-queue cos-map [queue-id]
•
queue-id—The queue number to which the following CoS values are mapped.
•
cos1...cos8—Map to specific queues up to eight CoS values from 0 to 7.
Default Configuration
The map default values for 4 queues:
•
CoS value 1 select queue 1
•
CoS value 2 select queue 1
•
CoS value 0 select queue 2
•
CoS value 3 select queue 2
•
CoS value 4 select queue 3
•
CoS value 5 select queue 3
•
CoS value 6 select queue 4
•
CoS value 7 select queue 4
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
210
QoS Commands
User Guidelines
•
You can use this command to distribute traffic into different queues, where each queue is
configured with different weighted round robin (WRR) parameters.
•
To enable the expedite queues, use the priority-queue out Interface Configuration mode
command wrr-queue cos-map.
Example
The following example maps CoS 3 to queue 4.
Console (config)# wrr-queue cos-map 4 3
wrr-queue bandwidth
The wrr-queue bandwidth Interface Configuration mode command assigns Weighted Round
Robin (WRR) weights to egress queues. The weights ratio determines the frequency in which the
packet scheduler dequeues packets from each queue. To return to the default values, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
wrr-queue bandwidth weight1 weight2 ... weight_4
no wrr-queue bandwidth
•
weight1...weight_4—Sets the bandwidth ratio by the WRR packet scheduler for the
packet queues. Separate each value by spaces. (Range: 6 - 255)
Default Configuration
The default WRR weight is 1/4 ratio for all queues (each weight set to 6).
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
The ratio for each queue is defined by the queue weight divided by the sum of all queue
weights (i.e., the normalized weight). This actually sets the bandwidth allocation of each
queue.
•
A weight of 0 means no bandwidth is allocated for the same queue, and the share bandwidth
is divided among the remaining queues.
•
All 4 queues are participating excluding the queues that are assigned as expedite queues. The
weights of these queues are ignored in the ratio calculation.
•
All 4 queues participate in the WRR exclude the expedite queues, in which case the
corresponded weight is ignored (not used in the ratio calculation). The expedite queue is a
priority queue, and it is serviced until empty before the other queues are serviced.
QoS Commands
211
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example assigns WRR weights to egress queues.
Console(config)# priority-queue num-of-queues 1
Console(config)# interface ethernet g1
Console(config-if)# wrr-queue bandwidth 20 30 50
Console(config)# priority-queue num-of-queues 0
Console(config)# interface ethernet g3
Console(config-if)# wrr-queue bandwidth 20 30 50 10
priority-queue out num-of-queues
The priority-queue out num-of-queues Global Configuration mode command enables the egress
queues to be expedite queues. Use the no form of this command to return to the default values.
Syntax
priority-queue out num-of-queues number-of-queues
no priority-queue out num-of-queues
•
number-of-queues—Assign the number of queues to be expedite queues. The expedite
queues would be the queues with higher indexes. (Range: 1 - 4)
Default Configuration
All queues are expedite queues.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
212
•
When configuring the priority-queue out num-of-queues command, the weighted round
robin (WRR) weight ratios are affected because there are fewer queues participating in WRR.
•
Queue 4 is taken as the highest index queue. Queue 3 is taken as the next highest queue. If
two priority queues are selected then queue 4 and 3 will be used. Leaving queue 2 and 1 for
WRR.
QoS Commands
Example
The following example sets queue 4, 3 to be expedite queues.
Console (config)# priority-queue out num-of-queues 2
show qos interface
The show qos interface User EXEC mode command displays interface QoS data.
Syntax
show qos interface [ethernet interface-number | queuing]
•
ethernet interface-number—Ethernet port number.
•
queuing—Displays the queue strategy (WRR or EF), the weight for WRR queues, the
CoS to queue map and the EF priority.
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
If no keyword is specified with the show qos interface command, the port QoS mode (DSCP
trusted, CoS trusted, untrusted), default CoS value, attached to the port, attached to the
interface are displayed. If a specific interface is not specified, the information for all interfaces
is displayed.
Examples
The following example displays output from the show qos interface g1 queueing command.
QoS Commands
213
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show qos interface ethernet g1 queuing
Ethernet
g1
wrr bandwidth weights and EF priority:
qid
weights
Ef
Priority
1
125
dis
N/A
2
125
dis
N/A
3
125
dis
N/A
4
125
dis
N/A
Cos-queue map:
cos
qid
0
2
1
1
2
1
3
2
4
3
5
3
6
4
7
4
qos map dscp-queue
The qos map dscp-queue Global Configuration mode command modifies the DSCP to queue
map. To return to the default map, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
qos map dscp-queue dscp-list to queue-id
no qos map dscp-queue
214
•
dscp-list—Specify up to 8 DSCP values, separate each DSCP with a space.
(Range: 0 - 63)
•
queue-id—Enter the queue number to which the DSCP value corresponds.
QoS Commands
Default Configuration
The following table describes the default map.
DSCP value
0-15
16-31
32-47
48-63
Queue-ID
1
2
3
4
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Queue settings for 3, 11, 19, ... cannot be modified.
Example
The following example maps DSCP values 33, 40 and 41 to queue 1.
Console (config)# qos map dscp-queue 33 40 41 to 1
qos trust (Global)
The qos trust Global Configuration mode command can be used to configure the system to "trust"
state. To return to the default state, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
qos trust {cos | dscp}
no qos trust
•
cos—Classifies ingress packets with the packet CoS values. For untagged packets, the
port default CoS is used.
•
dscp—Classifies ingress packets with the packet DSCP values.
Default Configuration
CoS is the default trust mode.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Packets entering a quality of service (QoS) domain are classified at the edge of the QoS
domain. When the packets are classified at the edge, the switch port within the QoS domain
can be configured to one of the trusted states because there is no need to classify the packets
at every switch within the domain.
QoS Commands
215
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
Use this command to specify whether the port is trusted and which fields of the packet to use
to classify traffic.
•
To return to the untrusted state, use the no qos command to apply best effort service.
Example
The following example configures the system to DSCP trust state.
Console (config)# qos trust dscp
qos trust (Interface)
The qos trust Interface Configuration mode command enables each port trust state. To disable the
trust state on each port, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
qos trust
no qos trust
Default Configuration
Each port is enabled while the system is operational.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
Use no qos trust to disable the trust mode on each port.
Use qos trust to enable trust mode on each port.
Example
The following example configures port g5 to default trust state (CoS).
Console (config)# interface ethernet g5
Console (config-if) qos trust
qos cos
The qos cos Interface Configuration mode command configures the default port CoS value. To
return to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
qos cos default-cos
no qos cos
216
QoS Commands
•
default-cos—Specifies the default CoS value being assigned to the port. If the port is
trusted and the packet is untagged then the default CoS value becomes the CoS value.
(Range: 0 - 7)
Default Configuration
Port CoS is 0.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) command
User Guidelines
•
You can use the default value to assign a CoS value to all untagged packets entering the
port.
Example
The following example configures port g5 default CoS value to 3.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g5
Console (config-if) qos cos 3
show qos map
The show qos map User EXEC mode command displays all the QoS maps.
Syntax
show qos map [dscp-queue]
•
dscp-queue—Displays the DSCP to queue map.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
QoS Commands
217
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example displays the DSCP port-queue map.
console# show qos map
Dscp-queue map:
d1 : d2 0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
--------------------------------------0 :
01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01
1 :
01 01 01 01 01 01 02 02 02 02
2 :
02 02 02 02 02 02 02 02 02 02
3 :
02 02 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03
4 :
03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03 04 04
5 :
04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04
6 :
04 04 04 04
The following table describes the fields used above.
Column
Description
D1
Decimal Bit 1 of DSCP
D2
Decimal Bit 2 of DSCP
01 - 04
Queue numbers
(D1 x 10) + D2 = Value of DSCP
218
QoS Commands
Radius Commands
radius-server host
The radius-server host Global Configuration mode command specifies a RADIUS server host. To
delete the specified RADIUS host, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
radius-server host {ip-address | hostname} [auth-port auth-port-number] [timeout timeout]
[retransmit retransmit] [deadtime deadtime] [key key] [source source] [priority priority]
[usage type]
no radius-server host ip-address
•
ip-address—IP address of the RADIUS server host.
•
hostname—Hostname of the RADIUS server host.(Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
auth-port-number—Port number for authentication requests. The host is not used for
authentication if set to 0. If unspecified, the port number defaults to 1812.
(Range: 0 - 65535)
•
timeout—Specifies the timeout value in seconds. If no timeout value is specified, the
global value is used. (Range: 1 - 30)
•
retransmit—Specifies the re-transmit value. If no re-transmit value is specified, the global
value is used. (Range: 1 - 10)
•
deadtime—Length of time, in minutes, for which a RADIUS server is skipped over by
transaction requests. (Range 0 - 2000)
•
key—Specifies the authentication and encryption key for all RADIUS communications
between the device and the RADIUS server. This key must match the encryption used on
the RADIUS daemon. If no key value is specified, the global value is used. (Range: 1 - 128
characters)
•
source—Specifies the source IP address to use for the communication. If no retransmit
value is specified, the global value is used. 0.0.0.0 is interpreted as request to use the IP
address of the outgoing IP interface.
•
priority—Determines the order in which the servers are used, where 0 is the highest
priority. (Range: 0 - 65535)
•
type—Specifies the usage type of the server. Can be one of the following values: login,
802.1x or all. If unspecified, defaults to all.
Default Configuration
By default, no RADIUS host is specified.
Radius Commands
219
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
To specify multiple hosts, multiple radius-server host commands can be used.
•
If no host-specific timeout, retransmit, deadtime or key values are specified, the global values
apply to each host.
•
The address type of the source parameter must be the same as the ip-address parameter.
Example
The following example specifies a RADIUS server host with the following characteristics:
•
Server host IP address—192.168.10.1
•
Authentication port number—20
•
Timeout period—20 seconds
Console (config)# radius-server host 192.168.10.1 auth-port 20
timeout 20
radius-server key
The radius-server key Global Configuration mode command sets the authentication and
encryption key for all RADIUS communications between the device and the RADIUS daemon. To
reset to the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
radius-server key [key-string]
no radius-server key
•
key-string—Specifies the authentication and encryption key for all RADIUS
communications between the device and the RADIUS server. This key must match the
encryption used on the RADIUS daemon. The key can be up to 128 characters long.
Default Configuration
The default is an empty string.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
220
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Radius Commands
Example
The following example sets the authentication and encryption key for all RADIUS
communications between the device and the RADIUS daemon to "dell-server".
Console (config)# radius-server key dell-server
radius-server retransmit
The radius-server retransmit Global Configuration mode command specifies the number of times
the software searches the list of RADIUS server hosts. To reset the default configuration, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
radius-server retransmit retries
no radius-server retransmit
•
retries—Specifies the retransmit value. (Range: 1 - 10)
Default Configuration
The default is 3 attempts.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the number of times the software searches the list of RADIUS
server hosts to 5 attempts.
Console (config)# radius-server retransmit 5
radius-server source-ip
The radius-server source-ip Global Configuration mode command specifies the source IP address
used for communication with RADIUS servers. To return to the default, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
radius-server source-ip source
no radius-server-ip source
•
source—Specifies the source IP address.
Radius Commands
221
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
The default IP address is the outgoing IP interface.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the source IP address used for communication with RADIUS
servers to 10.1.1.1.
Console (config)# radius-server source-ip 10.1.1.1
radius-server timeout
The radius-server timeout Global Configuration mode command sets the interval for which a
device waits for a server host to reply. To restore the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
radius-server timeout timeout
no radius-server timeout
•
timeout—Specifies the timeout value in seconds. (Range: 1 - 30)
Default Configuration
The default value is 3 seconds.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example sets the interval for which a device waits for a server host to reply to
5 seconds.
Console (config)# radius-server timeout 5
222
Radius Commands
radius-server deadtime
The radius-server deadtime Global Configuration mode command improves RADIUS response
times when servers are unavailable. The command is used to cause the unavailable servers to be
skipped. To reset the default value, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
radius-server deadtime deadtime
no radius-server deadtime
•
deadtime—Length of time in minutes, for which a RADIUS server is skipped over by
transaction requests. (Range: 0 - 2000)
Default Configuration
The default dead time is 0 minutes.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example sets a dead time where a RADIUS server is skipped over by transaction
requests for this period, to 10 minutes.
Console (config)# radius-server deadtime 10
show radius-servers
The show radius-servers User EXEC mode command displays the RADIUS server settings.
Syntax
show radius-servers
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Radius Commands
223
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays the RADIUS server settings.
Console# show radius-servers
IP address Port
---------
Time
Auth
Out
----
Dead
time
Source
IP
Priority Usage
-----
----------
------
-----
-------
-----
172.16.1.1 1645
Global
Global
Global
Global
1
All
172.16.1.2 1645
11
8
Global
Global
2
All
Global values
-------------TimeOut: 3
Retransmit: 3
Deadtime: 0
Source IP: 172.16.8.1
224
Retransmit
Radius Commands
RMON Commands
show rmon statistics
The show rmon statistics User EXEC mode command displays RMON Ethernet Statistics.
Syntax
show rmon statistics {ethernet interface number | port-channel port-channel-number}
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—Valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The following RMON Groups are supported - Ethernet Statistics (Group1), History (Group
2), Alarms (Group 3) and Events (Group 4).
Example
The following example displays RMON Ethernet Statistics for port g1.
Console# show rmon statistics ethernet g1
Port g1
Dropped: 8
Octets: 878128 Packets: 978
Broadcast: 7 Multicast: 1
CRC Align Errors: 0 Collisions: 0
Undersize Pkts: 0 Oversize Pkts: 0
Fragments: 0 Jabbers: 0
64 Octets: 98 65 to 127 Octets: 0
128 to 255 Octets: 0 256 to 511 Octets: 0
512 to 1023 Octets: 491 1024 to 1518 Octets: 389
RMON Commands
225
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
226
Field
Description
Dropped
The total number of events in which packets are dropped by the probe due to
lack of resources. This number is not always the number of packets dropped;
it is the number of times this condition has been detected.
Octets
The total number of octets of data (including those in bad packets) received
on the network (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Packets
The total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets, and
multicast packets) received.
Broadcast
The total number of good packets received and directed to the broadcast
address. This does not include multicast packets.
Multicast
The total number of good packets received and directed to a multicast
address. This number does not include packets directed to the broadcast
address.
CRC Align Errors
The total number of packets received with a length (excluding framing bits,
but including FCS octets) of between 64 and 1518 octets, inclusive, but with
either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets
(FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment
Error).
Undersize Pkts
The total number of packets received less than 64 octets long (excluding
framing bits, but including FCS octets) and otherwise well formed.
Oversize Pkts
The total number of packets received longer than 1518 octets (excluding
framing bits, but including FCS octets) and otherwise well formed.
Fragments
The total number of packets received less than 64 octets in length (excluding
framing bits but including FCS octets) and either a bad Frame Check
Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS
with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).
Jabbers
The total number of packets received longer than 1518 octets (excluding
framing bits, but including FCS octets), and either a bad Frame Check
Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS
with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).
Collisions
The best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment.
64 Octets
The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that are 64
octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
65 to 127 Octets
The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that are
between 65 and 127 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but
including FCS octets).
128 to 255 Octets
The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that are
between 128 and 255 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but
including FCS octets).
RMON Commands
256 to 511 Octets
The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that are
between 256 and 511 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but
including FCS octets).
512 to 1023 Octets
The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that are
between 512 and 1023 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but
including FCS octets).
1024 to 1518 Octets
The total number of packets (including bad packets) received that are
between 1024 and 1518 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but
including FCS octets).
rmon collection history
The rmon collection history Interface Configuration mode command enables a Remote
Monitoring (RMON) MIB history statistics group on an interface. To remove a specified RMON
history statistics group, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
rmon collection history index [owner ownername] [buckets bucket-number] [interval seconds]
no rmon collection history index
•
index—The requested statistics index group. (Range: 1 - 65535)
•
owner ownername—Records the RMON statistics group owner name. If unspecified, the
name is an empty string.
•
buckets bucket-number—A value associated with the number of buckets specified for the
RMON collection history group of statistics. If unspecified, defaults to 50.
(Range: 1 - 65535)
•
interval seconds—The number of seconds in each polling cycle. If unspecified, defaults to
1800. (Range: 1 - 3600)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
This command cannot be executed on multiple ports using the interface range ethernet
command.
RMON Commands
227
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example enables a Remote Monitoring (RMON) MIB history statistics group on port
g8 with the index number "1" and a polling interval period of 2400 seconds.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# rmon collection history 1 interval 2400
show rmon collection history
The show rmon collection history User EXEC mode command displays the requested history
group configuration.
Syntax
show rmon collection history [ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number]
•
interface—Valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—Valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays all RMON group statistics.
Console# show rmon collection history
228
Index
Interface
------
---------- -------- ---------
---------- ----
1
1
50
RMON Commands
Interval Requested
Samples
1000
50
Granted
Samples
Owner
CLI
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
Index
An index that uniquely identifies the entry.
Interface
The sampled Ethernet interface
Interval
The interval in seconds between samples.
Requested Samples
The requested number of samples to be saved.
Granted Samples
The granted number of samples to be saved.
Owner
The entity that configured this entry.
show rmon history
The show rmon history User EXEC mode command displays RMON Ethernet Statistics history.
Syntax
show rmon history index {throughput | errors | other} [period seconds]
•
index—The requested set of samples. (Range: 1 - 65535)
•
throughput—Displays throughput counters.
•
errors—Displays error counters.
•
other—Displays drop and collision counters.
•
period seconds—Specifies the requested period time to display. (Range: 1 - 4294967295)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
RMON Commands
229
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays RMON Ethernet Statistics history for "throughput" on index
number 5.
Console# show rmon history 5 throughput
Sample Set: 1
Owner: CLI
Interface: g1
Interval: 1800
Requested samples: 50
Granted samples: 50
Maximum table size: 500
Time
Octets
Broadcast
Multicast
%
------------------
--------- -------
Packets
----------
---------
-----
Jan 18 2002 21:57:00
303595962 357568
3289
7287
19.98%
Jan 18 2002 21:57:30
287696304 275686
2789
2789
20.17%
The following example displays RMON Ethernet Statistics history for "errors" on index number 5.
Console# show rmon history 5 errors
Sample Set: 1
Owner: CLI
Interface: g1
Interval: 1800
Requested samples: 50
Granted samples: 50
Maximum table size: 500
Time
CRC Align
Undersize Oversize
Fragments
Jabbers
------------------
---------
Jan 18 2002 21:57:00
1
--------- --------
---------
-------
1
49
0
0
Jan 18 2002 21:57:30
1
1
27
0
0
The following example displays RMON Ethernet Statistics history for "other" on index number 5.
230
RMON Commands
Console# show rmon history 5 other
Sample Set: 1
Owner: CLI
Interface: g1
Interval: 1800
Requested samples: 50
Granted samples: 50
Maximum table size: 500
Time
Dropped
Collisions
------------------ -------- --------Jan 18 2002
21:57:00
3
0
Jan 18 2002
21:57:30
3
0
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
Time
Date and Time the entry is recorded.
Octets
The total number of octets of data (including those in bad packets) received on the
network (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Packets
The number of packets (including bad packets) received during this sampling interval.
Broadcast
The number of good packets received during this sampling interval that were directed
to the broadcast address.
Multicast
The number of good packets received during this sampling interval that were directed
to a multicast address. This number does not include packets addressed to the
broadcast address.
Utilization%
The best estimate of the mean physical layer network utilization on this interface
during this sampling interval, in hundredths of a percent.
CRC Align
The number of packets received during this sampling interval that had a length
(excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) between 64 and 1518 octets,
inclusive, but had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number
of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment
Error).
Undersize
The number of packets received during this sampling interval that were less than 64
octets long (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well
formed.
RMON Commands
231
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Oversize
The number of packets received during this sampling interval that were longer than
1518 octets (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) but were otherwise well
formed.
Fragments
The total number of packets received during this sampling interval that were less than
64 octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) had either a bad
Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error), or a bad
FCS with a non-integral number of octets (AlignmentError). It is normal for
etherHistoryFragments to increment because it counts both runts (which are normal
occurrences due to collisions) and noise hits.
Jabbers
The number of packets received during this sampling interval that were longer than
1518 octets (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets), and had either a bad
Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad
FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).
Dropped
The total number of events in which packets were dropped by the probe due to lack of
resources during this sampling interval. This number is not necessarily the number of
packets dropped, it is just the number of times this condition has been detected.
Collisions
The best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment during
this sampling interval.
rmon alarm
The rmon alarm Global Configuration mode command configures alarm conditions. To remove an
alarm, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
rmon alarm index variable interval rthreshold fthreshold revent fevent [type type] [startup
direction] [owner name]
no rmon alarm index
232
•
index—The alarm index. (Range: 1 - 65535)
•
variable—The object identifier of the particular variable to be sampled.
•
interval—The interval in seconds over which the data is sampled and compared with the
rising and falling thresholds. (Range: 1 - 2147483648)
•
rthreshold—Rising Threshold. (Range: 1 - 4294967295)
•
fthreshold—Falling Threshold. (Range: 1 - 4294967295)
•
revent—The Event index used when a rising threshold is crossed.(Range: 1 - 65535)
•
fevent—The Event index used when a falling threshold is crossed. (Range: 1 - 65535)
RMON Commands
•
type type—The sampling method for the selected variable and calculating the value to be
compared against the thresholds. If the method is absolute, the value of the selected
variable is compared directly with the thresholds at the end of the sampling interval. If
the method is delta, the selected variable value at the last sample is subtracted from the
current value, and the difference compared with the thresholds.
•
startup direction—The alarm that may be sent when this entry is first set to valid. If the
first sample (after this entry becomes valid) is greater than or equal to the rthreshold, and
direction is equal to rising or rising-falling, then a single rising alarm is generated. If the
first sample (after this entry becomes valid) is less than or equal to the fthreshold, and
direction is equal to falling or rising-falling, then a single falling alarm is generated.
•
owner name—Enter a name that specifies who configured this alarm. If unspecified, the
name is an empty string.
Default Configuration
The following parameters have the following default values:
•
type type—If unspecified, the type is absolute.
•
startup direction—If unspecified, the startup direction is rising-falling.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the following alarm conditions:
•
Alarm index—1000
•
Variable identifier—dell
•
Sample interval—360000 seconds
•
Rising threshold—1000000
•
Falling threshold—1000000
•
Rising threshold event index—10
•
Falling threshold event index—20
Console (config)# rmon alarm 1000 dell 360000 1000000 1000000 10
20
show rmon alarm-table
The show rmon alarm-table User EXEC mode command displays the alarms summary table.
RMON Commands
233
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
show rmon alarm-table
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the alarms summary table.
Console# show rmon alarm-table
Index
OID
Owner
-----
-------------------
--------------
1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.1
CLI
2
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.1
Manager
3
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.9
CLI
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
Index
An index that uniquely identifies the entry.
OID
Monitored variable OID.
Owner
The entity that configured this entry.
show rmon alarm
The show rmon alarm User EXEC mode command displays alarm configuration.
Syntax
show rmon alarm number
•
234
number—Alarm index. (Range: 1 - 65535)
RMON Commands
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays RMON 1 alarms.
Console# show rmon alarm 1
Alarm 1
------OID: 1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.1
Last sample Value: 878128
Interval: 30
Sample Type: delta
Startup Alarm: rising
Rising Threshold: 8700000
Falling Threshold: 78
Rising Event: 1
Falling Event: 1
Owner: CLI
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
OID
Monitored variable OID.
Last Sample Value
The statistic value during the last sampling period. For example, if the sample
type is delta, this value is the difference between the samples at the beginning
and end of the period. If the sample type is absolute, this value is the sampled
value at the end of the period.
Alarm
Alarm index.
Owner
The entity that configured this entry.
RMON Commands
235
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Interval
The interval in seconds over which the data is sampled and compared with the
rising and falling thresholds.
Sample Type
The method of sampling the variable and calculating the value compared
against the thresholds. If the value is absolute, the value of the variable is
compared directly with the thresholds at the end of the sampling interval. If
the value is delta, the value of the variable at the last sample is subtracted from
the current value, and the difference compared with the thresholds.
Startup Alarm
The alarm that may be sent when this entry is first set. If the first sample is
greater than or equal to the rising threshold, and startup alarm is equal to rising
or rising and falling, then a single rising alarm is generated. If the first sample is
less than or equal to the falling threshold, and startup alarm is equal falling or
rising and falling, then a single falling alarm is generated.
Rising Threshold
A sampled statistic threshold. When the current sampled value is greater than
or equal to this threshold, and the value at the last sampling interval is less
than this threshold, a single event is generated.
Falling Threshold
A sampled statistic threshold. When the current sampled value is less than or
equal to this threshold, and the value at the last sampling interval is greater
than this threshold, a single event is generated.
Rising Event
The event index used when a rising threshold is crossed.
Falling Event
The event index used when a falling threshold is crossed.
rmon event
The rmon event Global Configuration mode command configures an event. To remove an event,
use the no form of this command.
Syntax
rmon event index type [community text] [description text] [owner name]
no rmon event index
236
•
index—The event index. (Range: 1 - 65535)
•
type—The type of notification that the device generates about this event. Can have the
following values: none, log, trap, log-trap. In the case of log, an entry is made in the log
table for each event. In the case of trap, an SNMP trap is sent to one or more
management stations.
•
community text—If an SNMP trap is to be sent, it is sent to the SNMP community
specified by this octet string. (Range: 0-127 characters)
•
description text—A comment describing this event. (Range: 0-127 characters)
•
owner name—Enter a name that specifies who configured this event. If unspecified, the
name is an empty string. (Range: 0-127 characters)
RMON Commands
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures an event with the trap index of 10.
Console (config)# rmon event 10 log
show rmon events
The show rmon events User EXEC mode command displays the RMON event table.
Syntax
show rmon events
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the RMON event table.
RMON Commands
237
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show rmon events
Index
Description
Type
Community
Owner
-----
-----------
--------
---------
------- --------------------
1
Errors
Log
2
High
Broadcast
Log-Trap
CLI
device
Last time sent
Jan 18 2002 23:58:17
Manager Jan 18 2002 23:59:48
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
Index
An index that uniquely identifies the event.
Description
A comment describing this event.
Type
The type of notification that the device generates about this event. Can have the
following values: none, log, trap, log-trap. In the case of log, an entry is made in
the log table for each event. In the case of trap, an SNMP trap is sent to one or
more management stations.
Community
If an SNMP trap is to be sent, it is sent to the SNMP community specified by this
octet string.
Owner
The entity that configured this event.
Last time sent
The time this entry last generated an event. If this entry has not generated any
events, this value is zero.
show rmon log
The show rmon log User EXEC mode command displays the RMON logging table.
Syntax
show rmon log [event]
•
event—Event index. (Range: 0 - 65535)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
238
RMON Commands
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the RMON logging table.
Console# show rmon log
Maximum table size: 500
Event
Description
Time
-------
--------------
---------
1
Errors
Jan 18 2002 23:48:19
1
Errors
Jan 18 2002 23:58:17
2
High Broadcast
Jan 18 2002 23:59:48
Console# show rmon log
Maximum table size: 500 (800 after reset)
Event
Description
Time
-------
--------------
---------
1
Errors
Jan 18 2002 23:48:19
1
Errors
Jan 18 2002 23:58:17
2
High Broadcast
Jan 18 2002 23:59:48
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
Event
An index that uniquely identifies the event.
Description
A comment describing this event.
Time
The time this entry created.
RMON Commands
239
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
rmon table-size
The rmon table-size Global Configuration mode command configures the maximum RMON
tables sizes. To return to the default configuration, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
rmon table-size {history entries | log entries}
no rmon table-size {history | log}
•
history entries—Maximum number of history table entries. (Range: 20 - 32767)
•
log entries—Maximum number of log table entries. (Range: 20 - 32767)
Default Configuration
History table size is 270.
Log table size is 200.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The configured table size is effective after the device is rebooted.
Example
The following example configures the maximum RMON history table sizes to 1000 entries.
Console (config)# rmon table-size history 1000
240
RMON Commands
SNMP Commands
snmp-server community
Use the snmp-server community command to set up the community access string to permit access
to the Simple Network Management Protocol command. Use the no form of this command
removes the specified community string.
Syntax
snmp-server community community [ro | rw | su] [ip-address] [view view-name]
snmp-server community-group community group-name [ip-address]
no snmp-server community community [ip-address]
•
community — Community string that acts like a password and permits access to the
SNMP protocol. (Range :1- 20 chars)
•
ro — Specifies read-only access (Default)
•
rw — Specifies read-write access
•
su — Specifies SNMP administrator access
•
view view-name — Name of a previously defined view. The view defines the objects
available to the community. It’s not relevant for su, which has an access to the whole
MIB. If unspecified, all the objects except of the community-table and SNMPv3 user and
access tables are available. (Range: 1- 30 chars)
•
ip-address — Management station IP address. Default is all IP addresses. An out-of-band
IP address can be specified as described in the usage guidelines. (Range: Valid IP address)
•
group-name — Name of a previously defined group. The group defines the objects
available to the community. (Range :1- 30 chars)
Default Configuration
There are no default communities defined.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
You can’t specify view-name for su, which has an access to the whole MIB.
•
You can use the view-name to restrict the access rights of a community string.
By specifying the view-name parameter the software:
1
Generates an internal security-name.
SNMP Commands
241
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
2
Map the internal security-name for SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 security models to an internal
group-name.
3
Map the internal group-name for SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 security models to view-name
(read-view and notify-view always, and for rw for write-view also)
You can use the group-name to restrict the access rights of a community string.
By specifying the group-name parameter the software:
1
Generates an internal security-name.
2
Map the internal security-name for SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 security models to the groupname.
Examples
The following example sets up the community access string "public" to permit administrative
access to SNMP protocol, at an administrative station with the IP address 192.168.1.20.
Console (config)# snmp-server community public su 192.168.1.20
snmp-server view
To create or update a view entry, use the snmp-server view global configuration command. To
remove the specified Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) server view entry, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
snmp-server view view-name oid-tree {included | excluded}
no snmp-server view view-name [oid-tree]
•
view-name — Label for the view record that you are updating or creating. The name is
used to reference the record. (Range:1 - 30 chars)
•
oid-tree — Object identifier of the ASN.1 subtree to be included or excluded from the
view. To identify the subtree, specify a text string consisting of numbers, such as 1.3.6.2.4,
or a word, such as system. Replace a single subidentifier with the asterisk (*) wildcard to
specify a subtree family; for example 1.3.*.4.
•
included — The view type is included.
•
excluded — The view type is excluded.
Default Setting
"Default" and "DefaultSuper" views exists.
Command Mode
Global configuration
242
SNMP Commands
User Guidelines
•
You can enter this command multiple times for the same view record.
•
The number of views is limited to 64.
•
"Default" and "DefaultSuper" views exist. Those views are used by the software internally and
can't be deleted or modified.
Example
The following example creates a view that includes all objects in the MIB-II system group except
for sysServices (System 7) and all objects for interface 1 in the MIB-II interfaces group:
Console (config)# snmp-server view user-view system included
Console (config)# snmp-server view user-view system.7 excluded
Console (config)# snmp-server view user-view ifEntry.*.1 include
snmp-server filter
To create or update a filter entry, use the snmp-server filter global configuration command. To
remove the specified Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) server filter entry, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
snmp-server filter filter-name oid-tree {included | excluded}
no snmp-server filter filter-name [oid-tree]
•
filter-name — Label for the filter record that you are updating or creating. The name is
used to reference the record. (Range: Up to 30 characters).
•
oid-tree — Object identifier of the ASN.1 subtree to be included or excluded from the
view. To identify the subtree, specify a text string consisting of numbers, such as 1.3.6.2.4,
or a word, such as system. Replace a single subidentifier with the asterisk (*) wildcard to
specify a subtree family; for example 1.3.*.4.
•
included — The filter type is included.
•
excluded — The filter type is excluded.
Default Configuration
Product specific.
Command Modes
Global Configuration
SNMP Commands
243
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
You can enter this command multiple times for the same filter record. Later lines take
precedence when an object identifier is included in two or more lines. .
Example
The following example creates a filter that includes all objects in the MIB-II system group except
for sysServices (System 7) and all objects for interface 1 in the MIB-II interfaces group:
Console (config)# snmp-server view user-view system included
Console (config)# snmp-server view user-view system.7 excluded
Console (config)# snmp-server view user-view ifEntry.*.1
included
snmp-server contact
The snmp-server contact Global Configuration mode command sets up a system contact. To
remove the system contact information, use the no form of the command.
Syntax
snmp-server contact text
no snmp-server contact
•
text—Character string, up to 160 characters, describing the system contact information.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Do not include spaces in the text string.
Example
The following example displays setting up the system contact point as "Dell_Technical_Support".
Console (config)# snmp-server contact Dell_Technical_Support
snmp-server location
The snmp-server location Global Configuration mode command sets up information on where the
device is located. To remove the location string use, the no form of this command.
244
SNMP Commands
Syntax
snmp-server location text
no snmp-server location
•
text—Character string, up to 160 characters, describing the system location.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Do not include spaces in the text string.
Example
The following example sets the device location as "New_York".
Console (config)# snmp-server location New_York
snmp-server enable traps
The snmp-server enable traps Global Configuration mode command enables the switch to send
SNMP traps. To disable SNMP traps use the no form of the command.
Syntax
snmp-server enable traps
no snmp-server enable traps
Default Configuration
Enabled
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays the command to enable SNMP traps.
Console (config)# snmp-server enable traps
SNMP Commands
245
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
snmp-server trap authentication
The snmp-server trap authentication Global Configuration mode command enables the switch to
send Simple Network Management Protocol traps when authentication fails. To disable SNMP
authentication failed traps, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
snmp-server trap authentication
no snmp-server trap authentication
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays the command to enable authentication failed SNMP traps.
Console (config)# snmp-server trap authentication
snmp-server host
To specify the recipient of Simple Network Management Protocol notification operation, use the
snmp-server host global configuration command. Use the no form of this command to remove the
specified host.
Syntax
snmp-server host {ip-address | hostname} community-string [traps | informs] [1 | 2] [udp-port
port] [filter filtername] [timeout seconds] [retries retries]
no snmp-server host {ip-address | hostname} [traps | informs]
246
•
ip-address — Internet address of the host (the targeted recipient). An out-of-band IP
address can be specified as described in the usage guidelines.
•
hostname — Hostname of the host. (Range: 1 - 158 characters).
•
community-string — Password-like community string sent with the notification operation.
(Range: 1 - 20 chars)
•
traps — Sends SNMP traps to this host (Default).
•
informs— Sends SNMP informs to this host. Not applicable to SNMPv1.
SNMP Commands
•
1— SNMPv1 traps will be used.
•
2— SNMPv2 traps will be used (Default).
•
udp-port port — UDP port of the host to use. The default is 162. (Range: 1 - 65535)
•
filter filtername — A string that is the name of the filter that define the filter for this
host. If unspecified, does not filter anything. (Range : Up to 30 characters).
•
timeout seconds — Number of seconds to wait for an acknowledgment before resending
informs. The default is 15 seconds. (Range :1 - 300)
•
retries retries — Maximum number of times to resend an inform request, when response
is not received for generated message. The default is 3. (Range: 0 - 255)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
When configuring snmp v1 or v2 notification recipients, the software should automatically
generate notification views for those recipients, for all MIBs.
Example
The following example specifies the recipient of Simple Network Management Protocol
notification operation.
Console (config)# snmp-server host 10.1.1.1 management 2
snmp-server set
The snmp-server set Global Configuration mode command sets SNMP MIB value by the CLI.
Syntax
snmp-server set variable-name name1 value1 [name2 value2 …]
•
variable-name — MIB variable name.
•
name value.— List of name and value pairs. In case of scalar MIBs there is only a single
pair of name values. In case of entry in a table the first pairs are the indexes, followed by
one or more fields.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
SNMP Commands
247
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Although the CLI can set any required configuration, there might be a situation where a
SNMP user sets a MIB variable that does not have an equivalent command. In order to
generate configuration files that support those situations, the snmp-server set command is
used.
•
This command is context sensitive.
Examples
The following example sets the scalar MIB "sysName" to have the value "dell".
Console (config)# snmp-server set sysName sysname dell
The following example sets the entry MIB "rndCommunityTable" with keys 0.0.0.0 and "public".
The field rndCommunityAccess gets the value "super" and the rest of the fields get their default
values.
Console (config)# snmp-server set rndCommunityTable
rndCommunityMngStationAddr 0.0.0.0 rndCommunityString public
rndCommunityAccess super
snmp-server group
To configure a new Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) group, or a table that maps
SNMP users to SNMP views, use the snmp-server group global configuration command. To remove
a specified SNMP group, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
snmp-server group groupname {v1 | v2 | v3 {noauth | auth | priv} [notify notifyview ] } [context
name] [read readview] [write writeview]
no snmp-server group groupname [v1 | v2 | v3 [noauth | auth | priv]] [context name]
248
•
groupname — The name of the group. (Range: Up to 30 characters)
•
v1 — SNMP Version 1 security model.
•
v2 — SNMP Version 2 security model.
•
v3 — SNMP Version 3 security model.
•
noauth — Specifies no authentication of a packet. Applicable only to SNMP Version 3
security model.
•
auth — Specifies authentication of a packet without encrypting it. Applicable only to
SNMP Version 3 security model.
SNMP Commands
•
priv —Specifies authentication of a packet with encryption. Applicable only to SNMP
Version 3 security model.
•
context name — Specifies context of packet.
•
read readview — A string that is the name of the view that enables you only to view the
contents of the agent. If unspecified, all the objects except of the community-table and
SNMPv3 user and access tables are available. (Range: Up to 30 characters)
•
write writeview — A string that is the name of the view that enables you to enter data and
configure the contents of the agent. If unspecified, nothing is defined for the write view.
(Range: Up to 30 characters)
•
notify notifyview — A string that is the name of the view that enables you to specify an
inform or a trap. If unspecified, nothing is defined for the notify view. (Range: Up to 30
characters)
Default configuration
No group entry exists.
Command Mode
Global configuration
User Guidelines
•
The Router context is translated to "" context in the MIB.
Example
The following example configures a new Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) group or
a table that maps SNMP users to SNMP views
Console (config)# snmp-server group user-group v3 priv read
user-view
snmp-server user
To configure a new SNMP Version 3 user, use the snmp-server user global configuration
command. To remove a user, use the no form of the command.
Syntax
snmp-server user username groupname [remote engineid-string ] [ auth-md5 password | authsha password | auth-md5-key md5-des-keys | auth-sha-key sha-des-keys ]
no snmp-server user username [remote engineid-string ]
•
username — The name of the user on the host that connects to the agent. (Range: Up to
30 characters)
SNMP Commands
249
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
groupname — The name of the group to which the user belongs.(Range: Up to 30
characters)
•
remote engineid-string — Specifies the engine ID of remote SNMP entity to which the
user belongs. The engine ID is concatenated hexadecimal string. Each byte in
hexadecimal character strings is two hexadecimal digits. Each byte can be separated by a
period or colon.(Range: 5 - 32 characters)
•
auth-md5 —The HMAC-MD5-96 authentication level. The user should enter password.
•
auth-sha —The HMAC-SHA-96 authentication level. The user should enter password.
•
password — A password (not to exceed 32 characters) for authentication and generation
of DES key for privacy.(Range: Up to 30 characters)
•
auth-md5-key — The HMAC-MD5-96 authentication level. The user should enter
authentication and privacy keys.
•
md5-des-keys — Concatenated hexadecimal string of the MD5 key (MSB) and the privacy
key (LSB). If authentication is only required you should enter 16 bytes, if authentication
and privacy are required you should enter 32 bytes. Each byte in hexadecimal character
strings is two hexadecimal digits. Each byte can be separated by a period or colon.
(Range: 16 - 32 characters)
•
auth-sha-key—The HMAC-SHA-96 authentication level. The user should enter
authentication and privacy keys.
•
sha-des-keys — Concatenated hexadecimal string of the SHA key (MSB) and the privacy
key (LSB). If authentication is only required you should enter 20 bytes, if authentication
and privacy are required you should enter 36 bytes. Each byte in hexadecimal character
strings is two hexadecimal digits. Each byte can be separated by a period or colon.
(Range: 20 - 36 characters)
Default configuration
No group entry exists.
Command Mode
Global configuration
User Guidelines
•
If auth-md5 or auth-sha is specified, both authentication and privacy are enabled for the
user.
When you enter a show running-config command, you will not see a line for this user. To
see if this user has been added to the configuration, type the show snmp user command.
An SNMP EngineID should be defined in order to add users to the device.
Changing or removing the value of snmpEngineID deletes the SNMPv3 users database.
250
SNMP Commands
Example
The following example configures a new SNMP Version 3 user.
Console (config)# snmp-server user
snmp-server v3-host
The snmp-server v3-host Global Configuration mode command specifies the recipient of Simple
Network Management Protocol Version 3 notifications. To remove the specified host, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
snmp-server v3-host {ip-address | hostname} username [traps | informs] {noauth | auth |
priv} [udp-port port] [filter filtername] [timeout seconds] [retries retries]
no snmp-server host {ip-address | hostname} username [traps | informs]
•
ip-address—Specifies the IP address of the host (targeted recipient).
•
hostname—Specifies the name of the host. (Range:1-158 characters).
•
username—Specifies the name of the user to use to generate the notification. (Range: 124)
•
traps — Indicates that SNMP traps are sent to this host.
•
informs — Indicates that SNMP informs are sent to this host.
•
noauth — Indicates no authentication of a packet.
•
auth — Indicates authentication of a packet without encrypting it.
•
priv — Indicates authentication of a packet with encryption.
•
port — Specifies the UDP port of the host to use. If unspecified, the default UDP port
number is 162.
(Range: 1-65535)
•
filtername — Specifies a string that defines the filter for this host. If unspecified, nothing
is filtered.
(Range: 1-30 characters)
•
seconds — Specifies the number of seconds to wait for an acknowledgment before
resending informs. If unspecified, the default timeout period is 15 seconds. (Range: 1300)
•
retries — Specifies the maximum number of times to resend an inform request. If
unspecified, the default maximum number of retries is 3. (Range: 1-255)
Default Setting
This command has no default configuration.
SNMP Commands
251
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
A user and notification view are not automatically created. Use the snmp-server user, snmpserver group and snmp-server view Global Configuration mode commands to generate a user,
group and notify group, respectively.
Example
The following example configures an SNMPv3 host.
Console(config)# snmp-server v3-host 192.168.0.20 john noauth
snmp-server engineID local
The snmp-server engineID local Global Configuration mode command specifies the Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP) engineID on the local device. To remove the configured
engine ID, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
snmp-server engineID local {engineid-string | default}
no snmp-server engineID local
•
engineid-string — Specifies a character string that identifies the engine ID. (Range: 5-32
characters)
•
default — The engine ID is created automatically based on the device MAC address.
Default Setting
The engine ID is not configured.
If SNMPv3 is enabled using this command, and the default is specified, the default engine ID
is defined per standard as:
•
First 4 octets — first bit = 1, the rest is IANA Enterprise number.
•
Fifth octet — set to 3 to indicate the MAC address that follows.
•
Last 6 octets — MAC address of the device.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
252
To use SNMPv3, you have to specify an engine ID for the device. You can specify your own ID
or use a default string that is generated using the MAC address of the device.
SNMP Commands
If the SNMPv3 engine ID is deleted or the configuration file is erased, SNMPv3 cannot be
used. By default, SNMPv1/v2 are enabled on the device. SNMPv3 is enabled only by defining
the Local Engine ID.
If you want to specify your own ID, you do not have to specify the entire 32-character engine
ID if it contains trailing zeros. Specify only the portion of the engine ID up to the point where
just zeros remain in the value. For example, to configure an engine ID of
123400000000000000000000, you can specify snmp-server engineID local 1234.
Since the engine ID should be unique within an administrative domain, the following is
recommended:
•
For a standalone device, use the default keyword to configure the engine ID.
•
For a stackable system, configure the engine ID and verify its uniqueness.
Changing the value of the engine ID has the following important side-effect. A user's
password (entered on the command line) is converted to an MD5 or SHA security digest. This
digest is based on both the password and the local engine ID. The user’s command line
password is then destroyed, as required by RFC 2274. As a result, the security digests of
SNMPv3 users become invalid if the local value of the engine ID change, and the users will
have to be reconfigured.
You cannot specify an engine ID that consists of all 0x0, all 0xF or 0x000000001.
The show running-config Privileged EXEC mode command does not display the SNMP
engine ID configuration. To see the SNMP engine ID configuration, enter the snmp-server
engine ID local GlobalConfiguration mode command.
Example
The following example specifies the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) engineID on
the local device.
Console(config) # snmp-server engineID local default
show snmp engineid
The show snmp engineID Privileged EXEC mode command displays the ID of the local Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP) engine.
Syntax
show snmp engineID
Default Setting
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
SNMP Commands
253
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the SNMP engine ID.
Console# show snmp engineID
Local SNMP engineID: 08009009020C0B099C075878
show snmp
The show snmp Privileged EXEC mode command displays the SNMP status.
Syntax
show snmp
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the SNMP communications status.
console# sh snmp
254
SNMP Commands
.
Traps are enabled.
Authentication trap is enabled.
Version 1,2 notifications
Target
Address
Type
Communit Version
y
UDP Port
Filter
name
TO sec
Filter
name
TO sec
Retrie
s
Version 3 notifications
Target
Address
Type
Username
Security
Level
UDP Port
Retrie
s
System Contact:
System Location:
console#
show snmp views
To display the configuration of views use the show snmp views Privileged EXEC command
Syntax
show snmp views [viewname]
•
viewname— The name of the view. Range: Up to 30 characters
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command
Example
The following example displays the configuration of views use the show snmp views Privileged
EXEC command.
SNMP Commands
255
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console # show snmp views
Name
OID Tree
Type
user-view
1.3.6.1.2.1.1
Included
user-view
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.7
Excluded
user-view
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.*.1 Included
show snmp groups
To display the configuration of groups use the show snmp groups Privileged EXEC command.
Syntax
show snmp groups [groupname]
•
groupnam — The name of the group.
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the configuration of views use the show snmp views Privileged
EXEC command.
256
SNMP Commands
Console # show snmp
groups
Name
Security
Views
Model
Level
Context
Read
Write
user-group
V3
priv
-
Default
managers-group
V3
priv
-
Default
managers-group
V3
priv
-
Default
Notify
Default
-
Console # show snmp groups user-group
Name: user-group
Security Model: V3
Security Level: priv
Security Context: Read View: Default
Write View: ""
Notify View: ""
show snmp filters
To display the configuration of filters use the show snmp filters Privileged EXEC command.
Syntax
show snmp filters [filtername]
•
filternam — The name of the view. Range: Up to 30 character
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
SNMP Commands
257
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command
Example
The following example displays the configuration of filters use the show snmp filters Privileged
EXEC command.
Console # show snmp filters
Name
OID Tree
Type
user-filter
1.3.6.1.2.1.1
Included
user-filter
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.7
Excluded
user-filter
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.*.1 Included
show snmp users
To display the configuration of groups use the show snmp users Privileged EXEC command.
Syntax
show snmp users [username]
•
usernam — The name of the user.. Range: Up to 30 character
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command
Example
The following example displays the configuration of groups use the show snmp users Privileged
EXEC command.
258
SNMP Commands
Console # show snmp users
Name
group name
Auto Method
John
1.3.6.1.2.1.1
md5
John
1.3.6.1.2.1.1.7
md5
Remote
08009009020C0B09
9C075879
Console # show snmp users John
Name: John
Group name: user-group
Auth Method: md5
Remote:
Name: John
Group name: user-group
Auth Method: md5
Remote: 08009009020C0B099C075879
SNMP Commands
259
260
SNMP Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Spanning-Tree Commands
spanning-tree
The spanning-tree Global Configuration mode command enables spanning-tree functionality. To
disable spanning-tree functionality, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree
no spanning-tree
Default Configuration
Spanning-tree is enabled.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example enables spanning-tree functionality.
Console(config)# spanning-tree
spanning-tree mode
The spanning-tree mode Global Configuration mode command configures the spanning-tree
protocol. To return to the default configuration, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mode {stp | rstp| mstp}
no spanning-tree mode
•
stp—STP is the Spanning Tree operative mode.
•
rstp—RSTP is the Spanning Tree operative mode.
•
mstp—MSTP is enabled
Default Configuration
STP
Spanning-Tree Commands
261
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
In RSTP mode, the switch would use STP when the neighbor switch is using STP.
•
In MSTP mode the switch would use RSTP when the neighbor switch is using RSTP, and
would use STP when the neighbor switch is using STP
Example
The following example configures the spanning-tree protocol to RSTP.
Console(config)# spanning-tree mode rstp
spanning-tree forward-time
The spanning-tree forward-time Global Configuration mode command configures the spanningtree bridge forward time, which is the amount of time a port remains in the listening and learning
states before entering the forwarding state.
To reset the default forward time, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree forward-time seconds
no spanning-tree forward-time
•
seconds—Time in seconds. (Range: 4 - 30)
Default Configuration
The default forwarding-time for IEEE Spanning-tree Protocol (STP) is 15 seconds.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
When configuring the Forward-Time the following relationship should be kept:
–
2*(Forward-Time - 1) >= Max-Age
Example
The following example configures spanning-tree bridge forward time to 25 seconds.
Console(config)# spanning-tree forward-time 25
262
Spanning-Tree Commands
spanning-tree hello-time
The spanning-tree hello-time Global Configuration mode command configures the spanning-tree
bridge hello time, which is how often the switch broadcasts hello messages to other switches.To
reset the default hello time, use the no form of this command.
Spanning-Tree Commands
263
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
spanning-tree hello-time seconds
no spanning-tree hello-time
•
seconds—Time in seconds. (Range: 1 - 10)
Default Configuration
The default hello time for IEEE Spanning-Tree Protocol (STP) is 2 seconds.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
When configuring the Hello-Time the following relationship should be kept:
–
Max-Age >= 2*(Hello-Time + 1)
Example
The following example configures spanning-tree bridge hello time to 5 seconds.
Console(config)# spanning-tree hello-time 5
spanning-tree max-age
The spanning-tree max-age Global Configuration mode command configures the spanning-tree
bridge maximum age. To reset the default maximum age, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree max-age seconds
no spanning-tree max-age
•
seconds -Time in seconds. (Range: 6 - 40)
Default Configuration
The default max-age for IEEE STP is 20 seconds.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
264
When configuring the Max-Age the following relationships should be kept:
–
2*(Forward-Time - 1) >= Max-Age
–
Max-Age >= 2*(Hello-Time + 1)
Spanning-Tree Commands
Example
The following example configures the spanning-tree bridge maximum-age to 10 seconds.
Console(config)# spanning-tree max-age 10
spanning-tree priority
The spanning-tree priority Global Configuration mode command configures the spanning-tree
priority. The priority value is used to determine which bridge is elected as the root bridge. To reset
the default spanning-tree priority use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree priority priority
no spanning-tree priority
•
priority—Priority of the bridge. (Range: 0 - 65535 in steps of 4096)
Default Configuration
The default bridge priority for IEEE STP is 32768.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The priority value must be a multiple of 4096.
•
The bridge with the lowest priority is elected to be the Root Bridge.
Example
The following example configures spanning-tree priority to 12288.
Console(config)# spanning-tree priority 12288
spanning-tree disable
The spanning-tree disable Interface Configuration mode command disables spanning-tree on a
specific port. To enable spanning-tree on a port use, the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree disable
no spanning-tree disable
Default Configuration
By default, all ports are enabled for spanning-tree.
Spanning-Tree Commands
265
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
When STP is disabled, the device will not forward STP BPDU's based on the Forward BPDU's
setting.
Example
The following example disables spanning-tree on g5.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g5
Console (config-if)# spanning-tree disable
spanning-tree cost
The spanning-tree cost Interface Configuration mode command configures the spanning-tree path
cost for a port. To reset the default port path cost, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree cost cost
no spanning-tree cost
•
cost—The port path cost (Range: 1 - 200,000,000)
Default Configuration
For the default short pathcost method, the cost values are: port channel - 4; 1000 mbps - 4;
100 mbps - 19; 10 mbps - 100.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
The method used (long or short) is set by using the spanning-tree pathcost method
command.
Example
The following example configures the spanning-tree cost on g5 to 35000.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# spanning-tree cost 35000
266
Spanning-Tree Commands
spanning-tree port-priority
The spanning-tree port-priority Interface Configuration mode command configures port priority.
To reset the default port priority, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree port-priority priority
no spanning-tree port-priority
•
priority—The port priority. (Range: 0 - 240 in multiples of 16)
Default Configuration
The default port-priority for IEEE STP is 128.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the spanning priority on g5 to 96.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# spanning-tree port-priority 96
spanning-tree portfast
The spanning-tree portfast Interface Configuration mode command enables PortFast mode. In
PortFast mode, the interface is immediately put into the forwarding state upon linkup, without
waiting for the timer to expire. To disable PortFast mode, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree portfast
no spanning-tree portfast
Default Configuration
PortFast mode is disabled.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
Spanning-Tree Commands
267
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
This feature should be used only with interfaces connected to end stations. Otherwise, an
accidental topology loop could cause a data packet loop and disrupt switch and network
operations.
Example
The following example enables PortFast on g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# spanning-tree portfast
spanning-tree link-type
The spanning-tree link-type Interface Configuration mode command overrides the default linktype setting. To reset the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree link-type {point-to-point | shared}
no spanning-tree spanning-tree link-type
•
point-to-point—Specifies the port link type as point-to-point.
•
shared—Specifies that the port link type is shared.
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
The switch derives the link type of a port from the duplex mode. A full-duplex port is
considered a point-to-point link, and a half-duplex port is considered a shared link.
Example
The following example enables shared spanning-tree on g5.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# spanning-tree link-type shared
268
Spanning-Tree Commands
spanning-tree mst priority
The spanning-tree mst priority Global Configuration mode command configures the device
priority for the specified spanning-tree instance. To return to the default configuration, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst instance-id priority priority
no spanning-tree mst instance-id priority
•
instance - id — Displays the ID of the spanning -tree instance (Range: 1-15).
•
priority — Displays the device priority for the specified spanning-tree instance (Range: 061440 in multiples of 4096).
Default Setting
The default bridge priority for IEEE Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is 32768.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The device with the lowest priority is selected as the root of the spanning tree.
Example
The following example configures the spanning tree priority of instance 1 to 4096.
Console (config) # spanning-tree mst 1 priority 4096
spanning-tree mst max-hops
The spanning-tree mst priority Global Configuration mode command configures the number of
hops in an MST region before the BDPU is discarded and the port information is aged out. To
return to the default configuration, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst max-hops hop-count
no spanning-tree mst max-hops
•
hop-count — Number of hops in an MST region before the BDPU is discarded .(Range: 140)
Default Setting
The default number of hops is 20.
Spanning-Tree Commands
269
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the maximum number of hops that a packet travels in an MST
region before it is discarded to 10.
Console (config) # spanning-tree mst max-hops 10
spanning-tree mst port-priority
The spanning-tree mst port-priority Interface Configuration mode command configures port
priority for the specified MST instance. To return to the default configuration, use the no form of
this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst instance-id port-priority priority
no spanning-tree mst instance-id port-priority
•
instance-ID — ID of the spanning tree instance. (Range: 1-15)
•
priority — The port priority. (Range: 0 - 240 in multiples of 16)
Default Setting
The default port priority for IEEE Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP) is 128.
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidlines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the port priority of port g1 to 142.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g1
Console(config-if)# spanning-tree mst 1 port-priority 142
270
Spanning-Tree Commands
spanning-tree mst cost
The spanning-tree mst cost Interface Configuration mode command configures the path cost for
multiple spanning tree (MST) calculations. If a loop occurs, the spanning tree considers path cost
when selecting an interface to put in the forwarding state. To return to the default configuration,
use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst instance-id cost cost
no spanning-tree mst instance-id cost
•
instance-ID — ID of the spanning -tree instance (Range: 1-15).
•
cost — The port path cost. (Range: 1 - 200,000,000)
Default Setting
Default path cost is determined by port speed and path cost method (long or short) as shown
below:
Interface
Long
Short
Port-channel
20,000
4
Gigabit Ethernet (1000 Mbps)
20,000
4
Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps)
200,000
19
Ethernet (10 Mbps)
2,000,000
100
Command Modes
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Example
The following example configures the MSTP instance 1 path cost for Ethernet port e9 to 4.
Console(config) # interface ethernet 1/e9
Console(config-if) # spanning-tree mst 1 cost 4
spanning-tree mst configuration
The spanning-tree mst configuration Global Configuration mode command enables configuring
an MST region by entering the Multiple Spanning Tree (MST) mode.
Spanning-Tree Commands
271
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
spanning-tree mst configuration
Default Setting
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
All devices in an MST region must have the same VLAN mapping, configuration revision
number, and name.
Example
The following example configures an MST region.
Console(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
Console(config-mst) # instance 1 add vlan 10-20
Console(config-mst) # name region1
Console(config-mst) # revision 1
instance (mst)
The instance MST Configuration mode command maps VLANS to an MST instance.
Syntax
instance instance-id {add | remove} vlan vlan-range
•
instance-ID — ID of the MST instance (Range: 1- 8).
•
vlan-range — VLANs to be added to or removed from the specified MST instance. To
specify a range of VLANs, use a hyphen. To specify a series of VLANs, use a comma.
(Range: 1-4094).
Default Setting
VLANs are mapped to the common and internal spanning tree (CIST) instance (instance 0).
Command Modes
MST Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
272
All VLANs that are not explicitly mapped to an MST instance are mapped to the common
and internal spanning tree (CIST) instance (instance 0) and cannot be unmapped from the
CIST.
Spanning-Tree Commands
For two or more devices to be in the same MST region, they must have the same VLAN
mapping, the same configuration revision number, and the same name.
Example
The following example maps VLANs 10-20 to MST instance 1.
Console(config)# spanning-tree mst configuration
Console(config-mst)# instance 1 add vlan 10-20
name (mst)
The name MST Configuration mode command defines the configuration name. To return to the
default setting, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
name string
•
string—MST configuration name. Case-sensitive (Range: 1-32 characters).
Default Setting
The default name is a bridge ID.
Command Mode
MST Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example defines the configuration name as regional.
Console(config) # spanning-tree mst configuration
Console(config-mst) # name region 1
revision (mst)
The revision MST configuration command defines the configuration revision number. To return to
the default configuration, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
revision value
no revision
•
value — Configuration revision number (Range: 0-65535).
Spanning-Tree Commands
273
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Setting
The default configuration revision number is 0.
Command Mode
MST Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example sets the configuration revision to 1.
Console(config) # spanning-tree mst configuration
Console(config-mst) # revision 1
show (mst)
The show MST Configuration mode command displays the current or pending MST region
configuration.
Syntax
show {current | pending}
•
current — Indicates the current region configuration.
•
pending — Indicates the pending region configuration.
Default Setting
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
MST Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The pending MST region configuration takes effect only after exiting the MST configuration
mode.
Example
The following example displays a pending MST region configuration.
Console(config-mst)# show pending
Pending MST configuration
274
Spanning-Tree Commands
Name:
Region1
Revision: 1
Instance
Vlans Mapped
State
--------
------------
-------
0
1-9,21-4094
Enabled
1
10-20
Enabled
exit (mst)
The exit MST Configuration mode command exits the MST configuration mode and applies all
configuration changes.
Syntax
exit
Default Setting
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
MST Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example exits the MST configuration mode and saves changes.
Console(config) # spanning-tree mst configuration
Console(config-mst) # exit
abort (mst)
The abort MST Configuration mode command exits the MST configuration mode without applying
the configuration changes.
Syntax
abort
Default Setting
This command has no default configuration.
Spanning-Tree Commands
275
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
MST Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example exits the MST configuration mode without saving changes.
Console(config) # spanning-tree mst configuration
Console(config-mst) # abort
spanning-tree pathcost method
The spanning-tree pathcost method Global Configuration mode command sets the default path
cost method. To revert to the default setting, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
spanning-tree pathcost method {long | short}
no spanning-tree pathcost method
•
long— Specifies 1 through 200,000,000 range for port path costs.
•
short—Specifies 0 through 65,535 range for port path costs.
Default Configuration
Short
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The cost is set using the spanning-tree cost command.
Example
The following example sets the default path cost method to "long".
Console# spanning-tree pathcost method long
spanning-tree bpdu
The spanning-tree bpdu Global Configuration mode command defines BPDU handling when
spanning-tree is disabled on an interface.
276
Spanning-Tree Commands
Syntax
spanning-tree bpdu {filtering | flooding}
•
filtering—Filter BPDU packets when spanning-tree is disabled on an interface.
•
flooding—Flood BPDU packets when spanning-tree is disabled on an interface.
Default Configuration
The default definition is flooding.
Command Modes
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The command is relevant when spanning-tree is disabled globally or on a single interface.
Example
The following example defines BPDU packet flooding when spanning-tree is disabled on an
interface.
Console(config)# spanning-tree bpdu flooding
clear spanning-tree detected-protocols
The clear spanning-tree detected-protocols Privileged EXEC mode command restarts the protocol
migration process (force the renegotiation with neighboring switches) on all interfaces or on the
specified interface.
Syntax
clear spanning-tree detected-protocols [ethernet interface number | port-channel portchannel-number]
•
interface—A valid Ethernet port.
•
port-channel-number—A port-channel index.
Default Configuration
If no interface is specified, the action is applied to all interfaces.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
This feature should be used only when working in RSTP mode.
Spanning-Tree Commands
277
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example restarts the protocol migration process (forces the renegotiation with
neighboring switches) on g1.
Console# clear spanning-tree detected-protocols ethernet g1
show spanning-tree
The show spanning-tree Privileged EXEC mode command displays spanning-tree configuration.
Syntax
show spanning-tree [ ethernet interface-number | port-channel port-channel-number ] [instance
instance-id]
show spanning-tree [detail] [active | blockedports] [instance instance-id]
show spanning-tree mst-configuration
•
detail — Display detailed information.
•
active — Display active ports only.
•
blockedports — Display blocked ports only.
•
mst-configuration — Display the MST configuration identifier.
•
interface-number — Ethernet port number. (Range:Valid Ethernet port)
•
port-channel-number — Port channel index. (Range:Valid Ethernet port)
•
instance-id — ID associated with a spanning-tree instance.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Modes
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays spanning-tree information.
278
Spanning-Tree Commands
Console# show spanning-tree
Spanning tree enabled mode RSTP
Default port cost method: long
Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
00:01:42:97:e0:00
Path Cost
2000
Root Port
1(1/1)
Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Bridge ID
Forward Delay 15 sec
Priority 36864
Address 00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Hello Time 2 sec Max Age 20 sec
Forward Delay 15 sec
Interfaces
Name
State
Prio.Nbr
Cost
Sts
Role
PortFast
Type
----
-------
---------
-----
-----
------
-------
----
1
Enabled
128.1
FWD
Root
No
20000
2
Enabled
128.2
P2p
(RST
P)
FWD
Desg
No
20000
3
Disabled
Shar
ed
(STP
)
128.3
20000
4
Enabled
128.4
BLK
Altn
No
20000
5
Enabled
128.5
20000
Shar
ed
(STP
)
DIS
-
-
Spanning-Tree Commands
279
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
console# show spanning-tree
Spanning tree enabled mode RSTP
Default port cost method: long
Root ID
Priority
Address
36864
00:02:4b:29:
7a:00
This switch is the Root.
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Forward Delay 15 sec
Interfaces
Name
1
State
Enabled
Prio.Nbr
Cost
128.1
Sts
FWD
Role
Desg
PortFast
No
20000
2
Enabled
128.2
20000
Type
P2p
(RST
P)
FWD
Desg
No
Shar
ed
(STP
)
3
Disabled
128.3
20000
4
Enabled
128.4
FWD
20000
5
Enabled
128.5
Console# show spanning-tree
Spanning tree disabled (BPDU filtering) mode RSTP
Default port cost method: long
Root ID
Priority
Address
280
Spanning-Tree Commands
N/A
N/A
No
Shar
ed
(STP
)
DIS 20000
Desg
Path Cost
Root Port
Bridge ID
N/A
N/A
Hello Time N/A
Max Age N/A
N/A
Forward Delay
Priority
36864
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Delay 15 sec
Forward
Interface
s
Name
State
Prio.Nbr
1/1
Enabled
1/2
Enabled
128.2
20000
1/3
Disabled
128.3
20000
1/4
Enabled
128.4
128.1
Cost
Sts
Role
PortFast
Type
20000
20000
1/5
Enabled
128.5
20000
Console# show spanning-tree active
Spanning tree enabled mode RSTP
Default port cost method: long
Root ID
Priority
Address
00:01:42:97:e0:00
Path Cost
20000
oot Port
Hello Time 2 sec
Bridge ID
32768
Priority
1 (1/1)
Max Age 20 sec
Delay 15 sec
Forward
36864
Spanning-Tree Commands
281
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Delay 15 sec
Forward
Interfaces
Name
State
1/1
Enabled
Prio.Nbr
128.1
Cost
Sts
20000
FWD
Role
Root
PortFast
Type
No
P2p
(RST
P)
1/2
Enabled
128.2
20000
FWD
Desg
No
Shar
ed
(STP
)
1/4
Enabled
128.4
20000
BLK
onsole# show spanning-tree blockedports
Spanning tree enabled mode RSTP
Default port cost method: long
Root ID
Priority
Address
Bridge ID
282
32768
00:01:42:9
7:e0:00
Path Cost
20000
Root Port
1 (1/1)
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Delay 15 sec
Priority
36864
Spanning-Tree Commands
Forward
Altn
No
Shar
ed
(STP
)
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Forward Delay 15 sec
Interfaces
Name
State
1/4
Prio.Nbr
Enabled
Cost
Sts
Role
PortFast
19
BLK
Altn
No
128.4
Type
Shar
ed
(STP
)
Console# show spanning-tree detail
Spanning tree enabled mode RSTP
Default port cost method: long
Root ID
Priority
Address
00:01:42:97:e0:00
Path Cost
20000
Root Port
1 (1/1)
Hello Time 2 sec
Bridge ID
32768
Max Age 20 sec
Forward Delay 15 sec
Priority
36864
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Forward Delay 15 sec
Number of topology changes 2 last change occurred 2d18h
ago
Times:
hold 1, topology change 35, notification 2
hello 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
State: Forwarding
Role: Root
Spanning-Tree Commands
283
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Port id: 128.1
Port cost: 20000
Type: P2p (configured: auto) RSTP
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:01:42:97:e0:00
Designated port id: 128.25
Designated path cost: 0
Guard root: Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding
state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 120638
Port 2 (1/2) enabled
State: Forwarding
Role: Designated
Port id: 128.2
Port cost: 20000
Type: Shared (configured: auto) STP
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Designated port id: 128.2
Designated path cost: 20000
Guard root: Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 170638
Port 3 (1/3) disabled
State: N/A
Role: N/A
Port id: 128.3
Port cost: 20000
Type: N/A (configured: auto)
Port Fast: N/A (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: N/A
Address: N/A
Designated port id: N/A
Designated path cost: N/A
Guard root:Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding state: N/A
BPDU: sent N/A, received N/A
284
Spanning-Tree Commands
Port 4 (1/4) enabled
State: Blocking
Role: Alternate
Port Identifier: 128.4
Port cost: 20000
Type: Shared (configured: auto) STP
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 28672
Address: 00:30:94:41:62:c8
Designated port id: 128.25
Designated path cost: 20000
Guard root:Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 120638
Port 5 (1/5) enabled
State: Disabled
Role: N/A
Port id: 128.5
Port cost: 20000
Type: N/A (configured: auto)
Port Fast: N/A (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: N/A
Address: N/A
Designated port id: N/A
Designated path cost: N/A
Guard root:Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding
state: N/A
BPDU: sent N/A, received N/A
Console# show spanning-tree ethernet 1/1
Port 1 (1/1) enabled
State: Forwarding
Role: Root
Port id: 128.1
Port cost: 20000
Type: P2p (configured: auto) RSTP
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:01:42:97:e0:00
Spanning-Tree Commands
285
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Designated port id: 128.25
Designated path cost: 0
Guard root:Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding
state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 120638
Console# show spanning-tree mst-configuration
Name: Region1
Revision: 1
Instance
Vlans Mapped
State
0
1-9,21-4094
Enabled
1
10-20
Enabled
Console# show spanning-tree
Spanning tree enabled mode MSTP
Default port cost method: long
###### MST 0 Vlans Mapped: 1-9
CST Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
00:01:42:97:e0:00
Path Cost
20000
Root Port
1 (1/1)
Hello Time 2 sec
IST Master ID
286
Max Age 20 sec
Delay 15 sec
Priority
32768
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Spanning-Tree Commands
Forward
Hello Time 2 sec This switch is the IST master. Max Age 20 sec
sec Max hops 20
Forward Delay 15
Interfaces
Nam
e
Cost
State
1
Sts
128.1
Enabled
2
FWD
20000
128.2
Enabled
3
Type
No
P2p Bound
(RSTP)
No
Shared
Bound (STP)
Root
FWD
128.3
Desg
FWD
20000
128.4
Enabled
PortFast
20000
Enabled
4
Role
Prio.Nb
r
No
P2p
No
P2p
Desg
FWD
20000
Desg
##### MST 1 Vlans Mapped: 10-20
Root ID
Priority
24576
Address
00:02:4b:29:89:76
Path Cost
20000
Root Port
4(1/4)
Rem hops
Bridge ID
19
Priority
32768
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Spanning-Tree Commands
287
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Number of topology changes 2 last change occurred 1d9h ago
Times:
hold 1, topology change 2, notification 2
hello 2, max age 20, forward delay 15
Port 1 (1/1) enabled
State: Forwarding
Role: Boundary
Port id: 128.1
Port cost: 20000
Type: P2p (configured: auto) Boundary RSTP
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Designated port id: 128.1
Designated path cost: 20000
Guard root:Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 120638
Port 2 (1/2) enabled
State: Forwarding
Role: Designated
Port id: 128.2
Port cost: 20000
Type: Shared (configured: auto) Boundary STP
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Designated port id: 128.2
Designated path cost: 20000
Guard root: Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 170638
Port 3 (1/3) disabled
State: Blocking
Role: Alternate
Port id: 128.3
Port cost: 20000
Type: Shared (configured: auto) Internal
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:02:4b:29:1a:19
Designated port id: 128.78
Designated path cost: 20000
288
Spanning-Tree Commands
Guard root: Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 170638
Port 4 (1/4) enabled
State: Forwarding
Role: Designated
Port id: 128.4
Port cost: 20000
Type: Shared (configured: auto) Internal
Port Fast: No (configured:no)
Designated bridge Priority: 32768
Address: 00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Designated port id: 128.2
Designated
Guard root:Disabled
BPDU guard: Disabled
cost: 20000
Number of transitions to forwarding state: 1
BPDU: sent 2, received 170638
Console# show spanning-tree
Spanning tree enabled mode MSTP
Default port cost method: long
###### MST 0 Vlans Mapped: 1-9
CST Root ID
Priority
Address
IST Master ID
32768
00:01:42:97:e0:00
Path Cost
20000
Root Port
1 (1/1)
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec
Delay 15 sec
Priority
32768
Forward
Spanning-Tree Commands
289
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Bridge ID
Address
00:02:4b:19:7a:00
Path Cost
10000
Rem hops
19
Priority
32768
Address
00:02:4b:29:7a:00
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec Forward
Delay 15 sec Max hops 20
Console# show spanning-tree
Spanning tree enabled mode MSTP
Default port cost method: long
###### MST 0 Vlans Mapped: 1-9
CST Root ID
Priority
32768
Address
00:01:42:97:e0:00
This switch is root for
CST and IST master
Hello Time 2 sec
Max Age 20 sec Forward
Delay 15 sec Max hops 20
spanning-tree mst mstp-rstp
Use the spanning-tree mst mstp-rstp global configuration command to configure the switch to
convert STP/RSTP packets to MSTP instances. Use the no form of this command to disable the
configuration.
Syntax
spanning-tree mst mstp-rstp
no spanning-tree mst mstp-rstp
This command has no arguments or keywords.
290
Spanning-Tree Commands
Default Configuration
Disabled.
Command Modes
Global configuration
User Guidelines
•
This command can be enabled when all the ports are Access ports.
•
This command is relevant in MSTP mode only.
•
When this feature is enabled incoming IEEE RSTP/STP packets would be mapped to the
MSTP instance according to the port’s VLAN. Outgoing MSTP packets would be mapped to
IEEE RSTP/STP packets according to the port’s VLAN.
Example
The following example configures the switch to convert STP/RSTP packets to MSTP instances.
Console(config)# spanning-tree mst mstp-rstp
Spanning-tree guard root
Use the spanning-tree guard root interface configuration command to enable root guard on all the
spanning tree instances on that interface. Root guard restricts the interface to be the root port for
the switch. Use the no form of this command to disable root guard on the interface.
Syntax
spanning-tree guard root
no spanning-tree guard root
Default Configuration
Root guard is disabled
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel)
User Guidelines
•
Root guard can be enabled when the switch work in STP, RSTP and MSTP.
When root guard is enabled, if spanning-tree calculations cause a port to be selected as
the root port, the port transitions to the alternate state.
Spanning-Tree Commands
291
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example enable root guard on port g8.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g8
Console(config-if)# spanning-tree guard root
292
Spanning-Tree Commands
SSH Commands
ip ssh port
The ip ssh port Global Configuration mode command specifies the port to be used by the SSH
server. To use the default port, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip ssh port port-number
no ip ssh port
•
port-number—Port number for use by the SSH server (Range: 1 - 65535).
Default Configuration
The default value is 22.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example specifies the port to be used by the SSH server as 8080.
Console (config)# ip ssh port 8080
ip ssh server
The ip ssh server Global Configuration mode command enables the device to be configured from a
SSH server. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip ssh server
no ip ssh server
Default Configuration
SSH is enabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
SSH Commands
293
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
If encryption keys are not generated, the SSH server is in standby until the keys are generated.
To generate SSH server keys, use the commands crypto key generate rsa, and crypto key
generate dsa.
Example
The following example enables the device to be configured from a SSH server.
Console (config)# ip ssh server
crypto key generate dsa
The ip ssh server Global Configuration mode command generates DSA key pairs.
Syntax
crypto key generate dsa
Default Configuration
DSA key pairs do not exist.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
DSA keys are generated in pairs: one public DSA key and one private DSA key. If the device
already has DSA keys, a warning and prompt to replace the existing keys with new keys is
displayed.
•
This command is not saved in the startup configuration; however, the keys generated by this
command are saved in the FLASH. The SSH keys can be displayed with the show crypto key
mypubkey dsa command.
•
This command may take a considerable period of time to execute.
•
DSA key size is 2048 bits.
Example
The following example generates DSA key pairs.
Console (config)# crypto key generate dsa
crypto key generate rsa
The crypto key generate rsa Global Configuration mode command generates RSA key pairs.
294
SSH Commands
Syntax
crypto key generate rsa
Default Configuration
RSA key pairs do not exist.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
RSA keys are generated in pairs: one public RSA key and one private RSA key. If the device
already has RSA keys, a warning and prompt to replace the existing keys with new keys is
displayed.
•
The maximum supported size for the RSA key is 2048 bits.
•
This command is not saved in the startup configuration; however, the keys generated by this
command are saved in the FLASH. The SSH keys can be displayed with the show crypto key
mypubkey rsa command.
•
This command may take a considerable period of time to execute.
Example
The following example generates RSA key pairs.
Console (config)# crypto key generate rsa
ip ssh pubkey-auth
The ip ssh pubkey-auth Global Configuration mode command enables public key authentication
for incoming SSH sessions. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip ssh pubkey-auth
no ip ssh pubkey-auth
Default Configuration
The function is disabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
SSH Commands
295
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example enables public key authentication for incoming SSH sessions.
Console (config)# ip ssh pubkey-auth
crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
The crypto key pubkey-chain ssh Global Configuration mode command enters SSH Public Keychain configuration mode. The mode is used to manually specify other device public keys such as
SSH client public keys.
Syntax
crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
Default Configuration
By default, there are no keys.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Use this command to enter public key chain configuration mode.
•
This command can also be used when you need to manually specify SSH client’s public keys.
Example
The following example enters the SSH Public Key-chain configuration mode.
Console(config)# crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
Console(config-pubkey-chain)#
user-key
The user-key SSH Public Key Chain Configuration mode command specifies which SSH public key
is manually configured and enters the SSH public key-string configuration command. To remove a
SSH public key, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
user-key username {rsa | dsa}
no user-key username
296
•
username—Specifies the remote SSH client username, which can be up to 48 characters
long.
•
rsa—RSA key.
SSH Commands
•
dsa—DSA key.
Default Configuration
By default, there are no keys.
Command Mode
SSH Public Key Chain Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Follow this command with the key-string command to specify the key.
Example
The following example enables a SSH public key to be manually configured for the SSH public key
chain called "bob".
Console(config-pubkey-chain)# user-key bob rsa
Console(config-pubkey-key)# key-string row key-string
AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQCvTnRwPWl
key-string
The key-string SSH Public Key-String Configuration mode command manually specifies a SSH
public key.
Syntax
key-string row key-string
•
row—Specify SSH public key row by row
•
key-string—UU-encoded DER format is the same format in authorized_keys file used by
OpenSSH.
Default Configuration
By default, the keys do not exist.
Command Mode
SSH Public Key-string configuration
User Guidelines
•
Use the key-string row command to specify the SSH public key row by row. Each row must
begin with the key-string row command. This command is useful for configuration files.
•
UU-encoded DER format is the same format in authorized_keys file used by OpenSSH.
SSH Commands
297
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example enters public key strings for SSH public key clients called "bob".
Console(config)# crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
Console(config-pubkey-chain)# user-key bob rsa
Console(config-pubkey-key)# key-string
AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQCvTnRwPWl
Al4kpqIw9GBRonZQZxjHKcqKL6rMlQ+
ZNXfZSkvHG+QusIZ/76ILmFT34v7u7ChFAE+
Vu4GRfpSwoQUvV35LqJJk67IOU/zfwOl1g
kTwml75QR9gHujS6KwGN2QWXgh3ub8gDjTSq
muSn/Wd05iDX2IExQWu08licglk02LYciz
+Z4TrEU/9FJxwPiVQOjc+KBXuR0juNg5nFYsY
0ZCk0N/W9a/tnkm1shRE7Di71+w3fNiOA
6w9o44t6+AINEICBCCA4YcF6zMzaT1wefWwX6f+
Rmt5nhhqdAtN/4oJfce166DqVX1gWmN
zNR4DYDvSzg0lDnwCAC8Qh
Fingerprint: a4:16:46:23:5a:8d:1d:b5:37:59:eb:44:13:b9:33:e9
show ip ssh
The show ip ssh Privileged EXEC mode command displays the SSH server configuration.
Syntax
show ip ssh
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
298
There are no user guidelines for this command.
SSH Commands
Example
The following example displays the SSH server configuration.
Console# show ip ssh
SSH server enabled. Port: 22
RSA key was generated.
DSA (DSS) key was generated.
SSH Public Key Authentication is enabled.
Active incoming sessions:
IP address
SSH
username
Version
Cipher
Auth Code
----------
----------
---------
-------
----------
172.16.0.1
John Brown
2.0 3
DES
HMAC-SH1
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
IP address
Client address
SSH username
User name
Version
SSH version number
Cipher
Encryption type (3DES, Blowfish, RC4)
Auth Code
Authentication Code (HMAC-MD5, HMAC-SHA1)
show crypto key mypubkey
The show crypto key mypubkey Privileged EXEC mode command displays the SSH public keys on
the device.
Syntax
show crypto key mypubkey [rsa | dsa]
•
rsa—RSA key.
•
dsa—DSA key.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
SSH Commands
299
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the SSH public keys on the device.
Console# show crypto key mypubkey rsa
RSA key data:
005C300D 06092A86 4886F70D 01010105 00034B00 30480241 00C5E23B 55D6AB22
04AEF1BA A54028A6 9ACC01C5 129D99E4 64CAB820 847EDAD9 DF0B4E4C 73A05DD2
BD62A8A9 FA603DD2 E2A8A6F8 98F76E28 D58AD221 B583D7A4 71020301 87685768
Fingerprint(Hex): 77:C7:19:85:98:19:27:96:C9:CC:83:C5:78:89:F8:86
Fingerprint(Bubble Babble): yteriuwt jgkljhglk yewiury hdskjfryt gfhkjglk
show crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
The show crypto key pubkey-chain ssh Privileged EXEC mode command displays SSH public keys
stored on the device.
Syntax
show crypto key pubkey-chain ssh [username username] [fingerprint bubble-babble | hex]
•
username—Specifies the remote SSH client username.
•
bubble-babble—Fingerprints in Bubble Babble format.
•
hex—Fingerprint in Hex format. If fingerprint is unspecified, it defaults to Hex format.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays all SSH public keys stored on the device.
300
SSH Commands
Console# show crypto key pubkey-chain ssh
Username Fingerprint
-------- ----------------------------------------------bob
9A:CC:01:C5:78:39:27:86:79:CC:23:C5:98:59:F1:86
john
98:F7:6E:28:F2:79:87:C8:18:F8:88:CC:F8:89:87:C8
The following example displays the SSH public called "bob".
Console# show crypto key pubkey-chain ssh username bob
Username: bob
Key: 005C300D 06092A86
SSH Commands
301
302
SSH Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syslog Commands
logging on
The logging on Global Configuration mode command controls error messages logging. This
command sends debug or error messages to a logging process, which logs messages to designated
locations asynchronously to the process that generated the messages. To disable the logging
process, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
logging on
no logging on
Default Configuration
Logging is enabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The logging process controls the distribution of logging messages to the various destinations,
such as the logging buffer, logging file, or syslog server. Logging on and off for these
destinations can be individually configured using the logging buffered, logging file, and
logging Global Configuration mode commands. However, if the logging on command is
disabled, no messages are sent to these destinations. Only the console receives messages.
Example
The following example shows how logging is enabled.
Console (config)# logging on
logging
The logging Global Configuration mode command logs messages to a syslog server. To delete the
syslog server with the specified address from the list of syslogs, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
logging {ip-address | hostname} [port port] [severity level] [facility facility] [description text]
no logging {ip-address | hostname}
•
ip-address—IP address of the host to be used as a syslog server.
•
hostname—Hostname of the host to be used as a syslog server. (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
Syslog Commands
303
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
port—Port number for syslog messages. If unspecified, the port number defaults to 514.
(Range: 1 - 65535)
•
severity level—Limits the logging of messages to the syslog servers to a specified level:
emergencies, alerts, critical, errors, warnings, notifications, informational and
debugging. If unspecified, the default level is errors.
•
facility—The facility that is indicated in the message. Can be one of the following values:
local0, local1, local2, local3, local4, local5, local 6, local7. If unspecified, the port
number defaults to local7.
•
text—Syslog server description, which can be up to 64 characters.
Default Configuration
As described in the field descriptions.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Multiple syslog servers can be used.
•
If no specific severity level is specified, the global values apply to each server.
Example
The following example configures messages with a "critical" severity level so that they are logged to
a syslog server with an IP address 10.1.1.1.
Console (config)# logging 10.1.1.1 severity critical
logging console
The logging console Global Configuration mode command limits messages logged to the console
based on severity. To disable logging to the console terminal, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
logging console level
no logging console
•
level—Limits the logging of messages displayed on the console to a specified level:
emergencies, alerts, critical, errors, warnings, notifications, informational, debugging.
Default Configuration
The default is informational.
304
Syslog Commands
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example limits messages logged to the console based on severity level "errors".
Console (config)# logging console errors
logging buffered
The logging buffered Global Configuration mode command limits syslog messages displayed from
an internal buffer based on severity. To cancel the buffer use, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
logging buffered level
no logging buffered
•
level—Limits the message logging to a specified level buffer: emergencies, alerts, critical,
errors, warnings, notifications, informational, debugging.
Default Configuration
The default level is informational.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
All the syslog messages are logged to the internal buffer. This command limits the commands
displayed to the user.
Example
The following example limits syslog messages displayed from an internal buffer based on the
severity level "debugging".
Console (config)# logging buffered debugging
logging buffered size
The logging buffered size Global Configuration mode command changes the number of syslog
messages stored in the internal buffer. To return the number of messages stored in the internal
buffer to the default value, use the no form of this command.
Syslog Commands
305
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Syntax
logging buffered size number
no logging buffered size
•
number—Numeric value indicating the maximum number of messages stored in the
history table. (Range: 20 - 400)
Default Configuration
The default number of messages is 200.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example changes the number of syslog messages stored in the internal buffer to 300.
Console (config)# logging buffered size 300
clear logging
The clear logging Privileged EXEC mode command clears messages from the internal logging
buffer.
Syntax
clear logging
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example clears messages from the internal syslog message logging buffer.
Console# clear logging
Clear logging buffer [y/n] y
306
Syslog Commands
logging file
The logging file Global Configuration mode command limits syslog messages sent to the logging
file based on severity. To cancel the buffer, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
logging file level
no logging file
•
level—Limits the logging of messages to the buffer to a specified level: emergencies,
alerts, critical, errors, warnings, notifications, informational and debugging.
Default Configuration
The default severity level is errors.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example limits syslog messages sent to the logging file based on the severity level
"alerts".
Console (config)# logging file alerts
clear logging file
The clear logging file Privileged EXEC mode command clears messages from the logging file.
Syntax
clear logging file
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Syslog Commands
307
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example clears messages from the logging file.
Console# clear logging file
Clear Logging File [y/n]y
show logging
The show logging Privileged EXEC mode command displays the state of logging and the syslog
messages stored in the internal buffer.
Syntax
show logging
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
308
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Syslog Commands
Example
The following example displays the state of logging and the syslog messages stored in the internal
buffer.
Console# show logging
Logging is enabled.
Console Logging: Level debug. Console Messages: 5 Dropped.
Buffer Logging: Level debug. Buffer Messages: 16 Logged, 16
Displayed, 200 Max.
File Logging: Level error. File Messages: 0 Logged, 209 Dropped.
SysLog server 31.1.1.2 Logging: error. Messages: 22 Dropped.
SysLog server 5.2.2.2 Logging: info. Messages: 0 Dropped.
SysLog server 10.2.2.2 Logging: critical. Messages: 21 Dropped.
SysLog server 10.1.1.1 Logging: critical. Messages: 0 Dropped.
1 messages were not logged
03-Mar-2004 12:02:03 :%LINK-I-Up:
g1
03-Mar-2004 12:02:01 :%LINK-W-Down:
g2
03-Mar-2004 12:02:01 :%LINK-I-Up: g3
show logging file
The show logging file Privileged EXEC mode command displays the state of logging and the syslog
messages stored in the logging file.
Syntax
show logging file
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
Syslog Commands
309
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the state of logging and the syslog messages stored in the logging
file.
Console # show logging file
console# show logging file
Logging is enabled.
Console Logging: Level debug. Console Messages: 5 Dropped.
Buffer Logging: Level debug. Buffer Messages: 21 Logged, 21
Displayed, 200 Max.
File Logging: Level debug. File Messages: 4 Logged, 210 Dropped.
SysLog server 31.1.1.2 Logging: error. Messages: 27 Dropped.
SysLog server 5.2.2.2 Logging: info. Messages: 0 Dropped.
SysLog server 10.2.2.2 Logging: critical. Messages: 26 Dropped.
SysLog server 10.1.1.1 Logging: critical. Messages: 5 Dropped.
1 messages were not logged
03-Mar-2004 12:04:08 :%LINK-I-Up:
g1
03-Mar-2004 12:04:06 :%LINK-W-Down: g2
03-Mar-2004 12:04:06 :%LINK-I-Up:
g3
03-Mar-2004 12:04:04 :%LINK-W-Down: g4
show syslog-servers
The show syslog-servers Privileged EXEC mode command displays the syslog servers settings.
Syntax
show syslog-servers
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
310
Syslog Commands
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the syslog server settings.
Console# show syslog-servers
IP address
Port
Severity
Facility
Description
-------------
----
--------
--------
-----------
192.180.2.275
14
Informational
local
7
192.180.2.285
14
Warning
local
7
Syslog Commands
311
312
Syslog Commands
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
System Management
ping
The ping User EXEC mode command sends ICMP echo request packets to another node on the
network.
Syntax
ping ip-address | hostname [size packet_size] [count packet_count] [timeout time_out]
•
ip-address—IP address to ping.
•
hostname—hostname to ping. (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
packet_size—Number of bytes in a packet. The actual packet size is eight bytes larger
than the size specified because the switch adds header information. (Range: 56 - 1472
bytes)
•
packet_count—Number of packets to send. If 0 is entered it pings until stopped. (Range:
0 - 65535 packets)
•
time_out—Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply. (Range: 50 - 65535
milliseconds).
Default Configuration
timeout time_out—The default is 2000 milliseconds.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
Press Esc to stop pinging. Following are sample results of the ping command:
•
Destination (host/network) unreachable—The gateway for this destination indicates that
the destination is unreachable.
Console# ping 180.50.1.1
Pinging 180.50.1.1 with 56 bytes of data:
PING: net-unreachable
PING: net-unreachable
PING: net-unreachable
313
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example displays a ping to IP address 10.1.1.1.
Console> ping 10.1.1.1
Pinging 10.1.1.1 with 64 bytes of data:
64 bytes from 10.1.1.1: icmp_seq=0. time=11 ms
64 bytes from 10.1.1.1: icmp_seq=1. time=8 ms
64 bytes from 10.1.1.1: icmp_seq=2. time=8 ms
64 bytes from 10.1.1.1: icmp_seq=3. time=7 ms
----10.1.1.1 PING Statistics---4 packets transmitted, 4 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip (ms) min/avg/max = 7/8/11
traceroute
The traceroute User EXEC mode command discovers the routes that packets will actually take
when traveling to their destination.
Syntax
traceroute ip-address |hostname [size packet_size] [ttl max-ttl] [count packet_count]
[timeout time_out] [source ip-address] [tos tos]
314
•
ip-address—IP address of the destination host. (Range: Valid IP Address)
•
hostname—Hostname of the destination host (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
size packet_size—Number of bytes in a packet. (Range: 40-1472)
•
ttl max-ttl—The largest TTL value that can be used. The traceroute command
terminates when the destination is reached or when this value is reached. (Range:1-255)
•
count packet_count—The number of probes to be sent at each TTL level. (Range:1-10)
•
timeout time_out—The number of seconds to wait for a response to a probe packet.
(Range:1-60)
System Management
•
source ip-address—One of the interface addresses of the device to use as a source address
for the probes. The device will normally pick what it feels is the best source address to
use. (Range: Valid IP Address)
•
tos tos—The Type-Of-Service byte in the IP Header of the packet. (Range: 0-255)
Default Configuration
size packet_size—The default is 40 bytes.
ttl max-ttl—The default is 30.
count packet_count—The default count is 3.
timeout time_out—The default is 6 seconds.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The traceroute command works by taking advantage of the error messages generated by a
device when a datagram exceeds its time-to-live (TTL) value.
•
The traceroute command starts by sending probe datagrams with a TTL value of one. This
causes the first device to discard the probe datagram and send back an error message. The
traceroute command sends several probes at each TTL level and displays the round-trip time
for each.
•
The traceroute command sends out one probe at a time. Each outgoing packet may result in
one or two error messages. A "time exceeded" error message indicates that an intermediate
device has seen and discarded the probe. A "destination unreachable" error message indicates
that the destination node has received the probe and discarded it because it could not deliver
the packet. If the timer goes off before a response comes in, the traceroute command prints
an asterisk (*).
•
The traceroute command terminates when the destination responds, when the maximum
TTL is exceeded, or when the user interrupts the trace with Esc.
System Management
315
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
console> traceroute umaxp1.physics.lsa.umich.edu
Type Esc to abort.
Tracing the route to umaxp1.physics.lsa.umich.edu (141.211.101.64)
1 i2-gateway.stanford.edu (192.68.191.83)
0 msec 0 msec 0 msec
2 STAN.POS.calren2.NET (171.64.1.213) 0 msec 0 msec 0 msec
3 SUNV--STAN.POS.calren2.net (198.32.249.73) 1 msec 1 msec 1 msec
4 Abilene--QSV.POS.calren2.net (198.32.249.162)
1 msec 1 msec 1 msec
5 kscyng-snvang.abilene.ucaid.edu (198.32.8.103)
33 msec 35 msec 35 msec
6 iplsng-kscyng.abilene.ucaid.edu (198.32.8.80)
47 msec 45 msec 45 msec
7 so-0-2-0x1.aa1.mich.net (192.122.183.9)
56 msec
8 atm1-0x24.michnet8.mich.net (198.108.23.82)
53 msec 54 msec
56 msec 56 msec 57 msec
9 * * *
10 A-ARB3-LSA-NG.c-SEB.umnet.umich.edu (141.211.5.22) 58 msec 58 msec 58
msec
11 umaxp1.physics.lsa.umich.edu (141.211.101.64)
62 msec 63 msec 63 msec
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display
Field
Description
1
Indicates the sequence number of the router in the path
to the host.
i2-gateway.stanford.edu
Host name of this device.
192.68.191.83
IP address of this device.
1 msec 1 msec 1 msec
Round-trip time for each of the probes that are sent.
The following table describes the characters that can appear in the traceroute command output.
316
System Management
Field
Description
*
The probe timed out.
?
Unknown packet type.
A
Administratively unreachable. Usually, this output
indicates that an access list is blocking traffic.
H
Host unreachable.
N
Network unreachable.
P
Protocol unreachable.
Q
Source quench.
U
Port unreachable.
telnet
The telnet User EXEC mode command is used to log in to a host that supports Telnet.
Syntax
telnet ip-address | hostname [port] [keyword1......]
•
ip-address—IP address of the destination host. (Range: 1 - 160 characters)
•
hostname—Hostname of the destination host (Range: Valid IP Address)
•
port—A decimal TCP port number, or one of the keywords from the ports table in the
usage guidelines. The default is the Telnet port (decimal23) on the host.
•
keyword—Can be one or more keywords from the keywords table in the User Guidelines.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The Telnet software supports special Telnet commands in the form of Telnet sequences that
map generic terminal control functions to operating system-specific functions. To issue a
special Telnet command, enter Esc and then a command character.
Special Telnet Command characters
System Management
317
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Escape Sequence
Purpose
Ctrl-shift-6 b
Break
Ctrl-shift-6 c
Interrupt Process (IP)
Ctrl-shift-6 h
Erase Character (EC)
Ctrl-shift-6 o
Abort Output (AO)
Ctrl-shift-6 t
Are You There? (AYT)
Ctrl-shift-6 u
Erase Line (EL)
Ctrl-shift-6 x
Suspends the Session
At any time during an active Telnet session, the Telnet commands can be listed by pressing the
Ctrl-shift-6 key, followed by a question mark at the system prompt: Ctrl-shift-6?
A sample of this list follows.
Console> ‘Ctrl-shift-6’ ?
[Special telnet escape help]
Esc B sends telnet BREAK
Esc C sends telnet IP
Esc H sends telnet EC
Esc O sends telnet AO
Esc T sends telnet AYT
Esc U sends telnet EL
Esc x suspends the session (return to system command prompt)
Several concurrent Telnet sessions can be opened and switched between them. To open a
subsequent session, the current connection needs to be suspended, by pressing the escape
sequence ‘Ctrl-Shift-6’ and ‘x’ to return to the system command prompt. Then open a new
connection with the telnet command.
Keywords Table
318
Options
Description
/echo
Enables local echo
/quiet
Prevents onscreen display of all messages from the
software.
/source-interface
Specifies the source interface.
System Management
/stream
Turns on stream processing, which enables a raw TCP
stream with no Telnet control sequences. A stream
connection does not process Telnet options and can be
appropriate for connections to ports running UNIX-toUNIX Copy Program (UUCP) and other non-Telnet
protocols.
Ctrl-shift-6 x
Return to System Command Prompt
Ports Table
Keyword
Description
Port number
bgp
Border Gateway Protocol
179
chargen
Character generator
19
cmd
Remote commands
514
daytime
Daytime
13
discard
Discard
9
domain
Domain Name Service
53
echo
Echo
7
exec
Exec
512
finger
Finger
79
ftp
File Transfer Protocol
21
ftp-data
FTP data connections
20
gopher
Gopher
70
hostname
NIC hostname server
101
ident
Ident Protocol
113
irc
Internet Relay Chat
194
klogin
Kerberos login
543
kshell
Kerberos shell
544
login
Login
513
lpd
Printer service
515
nntp
Network News Transport
Protocol
119
pim-auto-rp
PIM Auto-RP
496
pop2
Post Office Protocol v2
109
System Management
319
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
pop3
Post Office Protocol v3
110
smtp
Simple Mail Transport Protocol
25
sunrpc
Sun Remote Procedure Call
111
syslog
Syslog
514
tacacs
TAC Access Control System
49
talk
Talk
517
telnet
Telnet
23
time
Time
37
uucp
Unix-to-Unix Copy Program
540
whois
Nickname
43
www
World Wide Web
80
Example
Console> telnet 176.213.10.50
Esc U sends telnet EL
resume
The resume User EXEC mode command is used to switch to another open Telnet session.
Syntax
resume [connection]
•
connection—The connection number. The default is the most recent connection
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following command switches to another open Telnet session.
Console> resume 176.213.10.50
320
System Management
reload
The reload Privileged EXEC mode command reloads the operating system.
Syntax
reload
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
Caution should be exercised when resetting the device, to ensure that no other activity is
being performed. In particular, the user should verify that no configuration files are being
downloaded at the time of reset.
Example
The following example reloads the operating system.
Console# reload
hostname
The hostname Global Configuration mode command specifies or modifies the device host name.
To remove the existing host name, use the no form of the command.
Syntax
hostname name
no hostname
•
name—The device host name. Range (1-158 characters)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
System Management
321
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example specifies the device host name.
Console (config)# hostname Dell
show users
The show users User EXEC mode command displays information about the active users.
Syntax
show users
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays information about the active users.
Console# show users
Username
Protocol
Location
----------
-----------
------------
Bob
Serial
John
SSH
172.16.0.1
Robert
HTTP
172.16.0.8
show sessions
The show sessions User EXEC mode command lists the open Telnet sessions.
Syntax
show sessions
This command has no arguments or keywords.
322
System Management
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
EXEC mode
User Guidelines
1
Open telnet session from PC 5324 to other device.
2
In the other device syntax, press Cntrl-shift-t-X
3
Enter the command show session. The number of sessions opened from PC 5324 is displayed.
4
Enter the command resume [number of session] to return to the relevant telnet session.
Examples
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Console> show sessions
Connecti
on
Host
--------
Address
Port
Byte
-------------- --------
-----
----
1
Remote device
172.16.1.1
23
89
2
172.16.1.2
172.16.1.2
23
8
Field
Description
Connection
Connection number
Host
Remote host to which the device is connected through a Telnet session.
Address
IP address of the remote host.
Port
Telnet TCP port number
Byte
Number of unread bytes for the user to see on the connection.
show system
The show system User EXEC mode command displays system information.
Syntax
show system
System Management
323
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the system information.
console> show system
System Description:
Corporate
System Up Time (days,hour:min:sec):
1,22:38:21
System Contact:
System Name:
RS1
System location:
System MAC Address:
00:10:B5:F4:00:01
Sys Object ID:
Type: PowerConnect 5324
Power Supply
Status
------------
--------------------
Main
OK
Secondary
OK
Fan
Status
------------
--------------------
1
OK
2
OK
show version
The show version User EXEC mode command displays the system version information.
Syntax
show version
324
System Management
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays a system version (this version number is only for demonstration
purposes).
Router# show version
SW version 3.131
HW version
(
date 23-Jul-2002
time 17:34:19
)
1.0.0
Router# show clock
15:29:03 Jun 17 2002
Router# show history
show version
show clock
show history
3 commands were logged (buffer size is 10)
asset-tag
The asset-tag Global Configuration mode command specifies the device asset tag. To remove the
existing asset tag, use the no form of the command.
Syntax
asset-tag tag
no asset-tag
•
tag—The device asset tag. (Range: 1- 16 characters)
System Management
325
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration. No asset tag is defined by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example specifies the device asset tag as "1qwepot".
Console (config)# asset-tag 1qwepot
show system id
The show system id User EXEC mode command displays the ID information.
Syntax
show system id
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The tag information is on a device by device basis.
Example
The following example displays the system service tag information.
Console> show system id
Service Tag: 89788978
Serial number: 8936589782
Asset tag: 7843678957
326
System Management
TACACS Commands
tacacs-server host
The tacacs-server host Global Configuration mode command specifies a TACACS+ host. To
delete the specified name or address, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
tacacs-server host {ip-address | hostname} [single-connection] [port port-number] [timeout
timeout] [key key-string] [source source] [priority priority]
no tacacs-server host {ip-address | hostname}
•
ip-address—Name or IP address of the host.
•
hostname—Hostname of the tacacs server. (Range: 1 - 158 characters)
•
single-connection—Specify single-connection. Rather than have the device open and
close a TCP connection to the daemon each time it must communicate, the singleconnection option maintains a single open connection between the device and the
daemon.
•
port-number—Specify a server port number. If unspecified, the port number defaults to
49. (Range: 0 - 65535)
•
timeout—Specifies the timeout value in seconds. If no timeout value is specified, the
global value is used. (Range: 1 - 30)
•
key-string—Specifies the authentication and encryption key for all TACACS
communications between the device and the TACACS server. This key must match the
encryption used on the TACACS daemon. If no key string value is specified, the global
value is used. (Range: 0 - 128 characters)
•
source—Specifies the source IP address to use for the communication. If no source value
is specified, the global value is used.
•
priority—Determines the order in which the servers will be used, when 0 is the highest
priority. If unspecified defaults to 0. (Range: 0 - 65535)
Default Configuration
No TACACS host is specified
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Multiple tacacs-server host commands can be used to specify multiple hosts.
TACACS Commands
327
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
If no host-specific timeout, key or source values are specified, the global values apply to each
host.
Example
The following example specifies a TACACS+ host.
Console (config)# tacacs-server host 172.16.1.1
tacacs-server key
The tacacs-server key Global Configuration mode command sets the authentication encryption
key used for all TACACS+ communications between the device and the TACACS+ daemon. To
disable the key, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
tacacs-server key key-string
no tacacs-server key
•
key-string—Specifies the authentication and encryption key for all TACACS
communications between the device and the TACACS server. This key must match the
encryption used on the TACACS daemon. (Range: 0 - 128 characters)
Default Configuration
Empty string
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example sets the authentication encryption key.
Console (config)# tacacs-server key dell-s
tacacs-server timeout
The tacacs-server timeout Global Configuration mode command sets the timeout value. To restore
the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
tacacs-server timeout timeout
no tacacs-server timeout
328
TACACS Commands
•
timeout—Specifies the timeout value in seconds. (Range: 1 - 30)
Default Configuration
5 seconds
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example sets the timeout value as 30.
Console (config)# tacacs-server timeout 30
tacacs-server source-ip
The tacacs-server source-ip Global Configuration mode command specifies the source IP address
that will be used for the communication with TACACS servers. To return to default, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
tacacs-server source-ip source
no tacacs-server source-ip source
•
source—Specifies the source IP address. (Range: Valid IP Address)
Default Configuration
The IP address would be of the outgoing IP interface.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example specifies the source IP address.
Console (config)# tacacs-server source-ip 172.16.8.1
TACACS Commands
329
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
show tacacs
The show tacacs Privileged EXEC mode command displays configuration and statistics for a
TACACS+ server.
Syntax
show tacacs [ip-address]
•
ip-address—Name or IP address of the host.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays configuration and statistic for a TACACS+ server.
Console# show tacacs
IP address
Status
Port
Single
Connection
TimeOut
Source
IP
Priority
----------
--------
-----
---------
-------
-------
--------
172.16.1.1
Connected
49
No
Global
Global
1
Global values
-------------TimeOut: 3
Source IP: 172.16.8.1
330
TACACS Commands
User Interface
enable
The enable User EXEC mode command enters the privileged EXEC mode.
Syntax
enable [privilege-level]
•
privilege-level—Privilege level to enter the system. (Range: 1 - 15)
Default Configuration
The default privilege level is 15.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to enter privileged mode:
Console> enable
enter password:
Console#
disable
The disable Privileged EXEC mode command returns to User EXEC mode.
Syntax
disable [privilege-level]
•
privilege-level—Privilege level to enter the system. (Range: 1 - 15)
Default Configuration
The default privilege level is 1.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Interface
331
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to return to normal mode.
Console# disable
Console>
login
The login User EXEC mode command changes a login username.
Syntax
login
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to enter privileged EXEC mode and login.
Console> login
User Name:admin
Password:*****
Console#
configure
The configure Privileged EXEC mode command enters the global configuration mode.
Syntax
configure
This command has no keywords or arguments.
332
User Interface
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
In the following example, because no keyword is entered, a prompt is displayed. After the keyword
is selected, a message confirming the command entry method is displayed.
Console# configure
Console (config)#
exit(configuration)
The exit command exits any configuration mode to the next highest mode in the CLI mode
hierarchy.
Syntax
exit
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
All command modes
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example changes the configuration mode from Interface Configuration mode to
User EXEC mode.
Console(config-if)# exit
Console(config)# exit
Console#
User Interface
333
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
exit(EXEC)
The exit User EXEC mode command closes an active terminal session by logging off the device.
Syntax
exit
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example closes an active terminal session.
Console> exit
end
The end Global Configuration mode command ends the current configuration session and returns
to the privileged command mode.
Syntax
end
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
All Command modes
User Guidelines
•
334
There are no user guidelines for this command.
User Interface
Example
The following example ends the current configuration session and returns to the previous
command mode.
Console (config)# end
Console #
help
The help command displays a brief description of the help system.
Syntax
help
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
All Command modes
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
history
The history Line Configuration mode command enables the command history function. To disable
the command history feature, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
history
no history
Default Configuration
The history function is enabled.
Command Mode
Line Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
User Interface
335
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example enables the command history function for telnet.
Console (config)# line telnet
Console (config-line)# history
history size
The history size Line Configuration mode command changes the command history buffer size for
a particular line. To reset the command history buffer size to the default, use the no form of this
command.
Syntax
history size number-of-commands
no history size
•
number-of-commands—Number of commands that the system records in its history
buffer. (Range: 0 - 256)
Default Configuration
The default history buffer size is 10.
Command Mode
Line Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example changes the command history buffer size to 100 entries for a particular line.
Console (config-line)# history size 100
debug-mode
The debug-mode Privilege EXEC mode command switches the mode to debug.
Syntax
debug-mode
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
336
User Interface
Command Mode
Privilege EXEC command mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example enables the debug command interface.
console(config)#
console# debug
>debug
Enter DEBUG Password: *****
DEBUG>
show history
The show history User EXEC mode command lists the commands entered in the current session.
Syntax
show history
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC command mode
User Guidelines
•
The commands are listed from the first to the latest command.
•
The buffer is kept unchanged when entering to configuration mode and returning back.
•
The command in the buffer includes the commands that were not executed.
User Interface
337
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example displays all the commands entered while in the current privileged EXEC
mode.
Console# show history
show version
show clock
show history
show privilege
The show privilege User EXEC mode command displays the current privilege level.
Syntax
show privilege
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
User EXEC command mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the current privilege level.
Console# show privilege
Current privilege level is 15
338
User Interface
VLAN Commands
vlan database
The vlan database Global Configuration mode command enters the VLAN configuration mode.
Syntax
vlan database
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example enters the VLAN database mode.
Console (config)# vlan database
Console (config-vlan)#
vlan
Use the vlan VLAN Configuration mode command to create a VLAN. To delete a VLAN, use the
no form of this command.
Syntax
vlan {vlan-range}
no vlan {vlan-range}
•
vlan-range—A list of valid VLAN IDs to be added. List separate, non-consecutive VLAN
IDs separated by commas (without spaces); use a hyphen to designate a range of IDs.
(Range: 2 - 4094)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
VLAN Configuration mode
VLAN Commands
339
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example VLAN number 1972 is created.
Console (config)# vlan database
Console (config-vlan)# vlan 1972
default-vlan disable
The default-vlan disable VLAN Configuration mode command disables the default VLAN
functionality. Use the no form of this command to enable the default VLAN functionality.
Syntax
default-vlan disable
no default-vlan disable
This command has no keywords or arguments.
Default Configuration
Enabled
Command Modes
VLAN Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples1
Console# vlan database
Console(config-vlan)# default-vlan disable
interface vlan
The interface vlan Global Configuration mode command enters the interface configuration
(VLAN) mode.
Syntax
interface vlan vlan-id
•
340
vlan-id—The ID of an existing VLAN (excluding GVRP dynamic VLANs).
VLAN Commands
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the VLAN 1 IP address of 131.108.1.27 and subnet mask
255.255.255.0.
Console (config)# interface vlan 1
Console (config-if)# ip address 131.108.1.27 255.255.255.0
interface range vlan
The interface range vlan Global Configuration mode command enters the interface configuration
mode to configure multiple VLANs.
Syntax
interface range vlan {vlan-range | all}
•
vlan-range—A list of valid VLAN IDs to add. Separate non consecutive VLAN IDs with a
comma and no spaces; a hyphen designates a range of IDs.
•
all—All existing static VLANs.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Commands under the interface range context are executed independently on each interface
in the range. If the command returns an error on one of the interfaces, an error message is
displayed and execution continues on other interfaces.
VLAN Commands
341
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example groups VLAN 221 until 228 and VLAN 889 to receive the same command.
Console (config)# interface range vlan 221-228,889
Console (config-if)#
name
The name Interface Configuration mode command adds a name to a VLAN. To remove the VLAN
name use the no form of this command.
Syntax
name string
no name
•
string—Unique name, up to 32 characters in length, to be associated with this VLAN.
Default Configuration
No name is defined.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (VLAN) mode
User Guidelines
•
The VLAN name should be unique.
Example
The following example names VLAN number 19 with the name "Marketing".
Console (config)# interface vlan 19
Console (config-if)# name Marketing
switchport access vlan
The switchport access vlan Interface Configuration mode command configures the VLAN ID
when the interface is in access mode. To reconfigure the default, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
switchport access vlan vlan-id
no switchport access vlan
•
342
vlan-id—VID of the VLAN to which the port is configured.
VLAN Commands
Default Configuration
VID=1
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
The command automatically removes the port from the previous VLAN, and adds it to the
new VLAN.
Example
The following example configures a VLAN ID of 23 to the untagged layer 2 VLAN interface
number g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport access vlan 23
switchport trunk allowed vlan
The switchport trunk allowed vlan Interface Configuration mode command adds or removes
VLANs, to or from a trunk port.
Syntax
switchport trunk allowed vlan {add vlan-list | remove vlan-list}
•
add vlan-list—List of VLAN IDs to add. Separate non consecutive VLAN IDs with a
comma and no spaces. A hyphen designates a range of IDs.
•
remove vlan-list—List of VLAN IDs to remove. Separate non consecutive VLAN IDs with
a comma and no spaces. A hyphen designate a range of IDs.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
VLAN Commands
343
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example shows how to add VLANs 2 and 5 to 8 to the allowed list of g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport trunk allowed vlan add 2,5-8
switchport trunk native vlan
The switchport trunk native vlan Interface Configuration mode command defines the port as a
member of the specified VLAN, and the VLAN ID as the "port default VLAN ID (PVID)". To
configure the default VLAN ID, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
switchport trunk native vlan vlan-id
no switchport trunk native vlan
•
vlan-id—Valid VLAN ID of the native VLAN.
Default Configuration
If default VLAN is enabled, then the VID=1, otherwise VID = 4095.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
This command has the following consequences: incoming untagged frames are assigned to
this VLAN and outgoing traffic in this VLAN on this port is sent untagged (despite the
normal situation where traffic sent from a trunk-mode port is all tagged).
•
The command adds the port as a member in the VLAN. If the port is already a member in the
VLAN (not as a native), it should be first removed from the VLAN.
Example
The following example g8, in trunk mode, is configured to use VLAN number 123 as the "native"
VLAN.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport trunk native vlan 123
switchport general allowed vlan
The switchport general allowed vlan Interface Configuration mode command adds or removes
VLANs from a general port.
344
VLAN Commands
Syntax
switchport general allowed vlan add vlan-list [tagged | untagged]
switchport general allowed vlan remove vlan-list
•
add vlan-list—List of VLAN IDs to add. Separate non consecutive VLAN IDs with a
comma and no spaces. A hyphen designates a range of IDs.
•
remove vlan-list—List of VLAN IDs to remove. Separate non consecutive VLAN IDs with
a comma and no spaces. A hyphen designates a range of IDs.
•
tagged—Sets the port to transmit tagged packets for the VLANs. If the port is added to a
VLAN without specifying tagged or untagged the default is tagged.
•
untagged—Sets the port to transmit untagged packets for the VLANs.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
You can use this command to change the egress rule (e.g. from tagged to untagged), without
first removing the VLAN from the list.
Example
The following example shows how to add VLANs 2, 5, and 6 to the allowed list.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport general allowed vlan add 2,5,6
tagged
switchport general pvid
The switchport general pvid Interface Configuration mode command configures the PVID when
the interface is in general mode. To configure the default value, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
switchport general pvid vlan-id
no switchport general pvid
•
vlan-id—PVID (Port VLAN ID). The vlan-id may belong to a non-existent VLAN.
Default Configuration
VLAN ID=1
VLAN Commands
345
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
This command has the following consequences: incoming untagged frames are assigned to
this VLAN and outgoing traffic in this VLAN on this port is sent untagged (despite the
normal situation where traffic sent from a trunk-mode port is all tagged).
Example
The following example shows how to configure the PVID for g8, when the interface is in general
mode.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport general pvid 234
switchport general ingress-filtering disable
The switchport general ingress-filtering disable Interface Configuration mode command disables
port ingress filtering. To enable ingress filtering on a port, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
switchport general ingress-filtering disable
no switchport general ingress-filtering disable
Default Configuration
Ingress filtering is enabled.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example shows how to enables port ingress filtering on g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport general ingress-filtering disable
346
VLAN Commands
switchport general acceptable-frame-type tagged-only
The switchport general acceptable-frame-type tagged-only Interface Configuration mode
command discards untagged frames at ingress. To enable untagged frames at ingress, use the no
form of this command.
Syntax
switchport general acceptable-frame-type tagged-only
no switchport general acceptable-frame-type tagged-only
Default Configuration
All frame types are accepted at ingress.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures g8 to discard untagged frames at ingress.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport general acceptable-frame-type
tagged-only
switchport forbidden vlan
The switchport forbidden vlan Interface Configuration mode command forbids adding specific
VLANs to a port. This may be used to prevent GVRP from automatically making these VLANs
active on the selected ports. To revert to allowing the addition of specific VLANs to the port, use
the remove parameter for this command.
Syntax
switchport forbidden vlan {add vlan-list | remove vlan-list}
•
add vlan-list—List of VLAN IDs to add to the "forbidden" list. Separate non consecutive
VLAN IDs with a comma and no spaces. A hyphen designates a range of IDs.
•
remove vlan-list—List of VLAN IDs to remove from the "forbidden" list. Separate non
consecutive VLAN IDs with a comma and no spaces. A hyphen designates a range of IDs.
Default Configuration
All VLANs allowed.
VLAN Commands
347
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example forbids adding VLANs number 234 till 256, to g8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport forbidden vlan add 234-256
map protocol protocols-group
The map protocol protocols-group VLAN Configuration mode command maps a protocol to a
protocol group. Protocol groups are used for protocol-based VLAN assignment. To delete a protocol
from a group, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
map protocol protocol [encapsulation] protocols-group group
no map protocol protocol encapsulation
•
protocol—The protocol is a 16 or 40 bits protocol number or one of the following names,
ip-arp or ipx. The protocol number is in Hex format (Range: 0600 - FFFF).
•
encapsulation—One of the following values: ethernet, rfc1042 or llcOther. If no option is
indicated the default is ethernet.
•
group—Protocol group number (Range: 1 - 2147483647).
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
VLAN Configuration mode
User Guidelines
There are no user guidelines for this command
Example
The following example maps protocol ip-arp to the group named "213".
Console (config)# vlan database
Console (config-vlan)# map protocol ip-arp protocols-group 213
348
VLAN Commands
switchport general map protocols-group vlan
The switchport general map protocols-group vlan Interface Configuration mode command sets a
protocol-based classification rule. To delete a classification, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
switchport general map protocols-group group vlan vlan-id
no switchport general map protocols-group group
•
group—Group number as defined in the map protocol protocols-group command.
(Range: 1 - 2147483647)
•
vlan-id—Define the VLAN ID in the classifying rule.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Interface Configuration (Ethernet, port-channel) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example sets a protocol-based classification rule of protocol group 1 to VLAN 8.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# switchport general map protocols-group 1 vlan
8
ip internal-usage-vlan
The ip internal-usage-vlan Interface Configuration mode command reserves a VLAN as the
internal usage VLAN of an interface. Use the no form of this command to reset to default.
Syntax
ip internal-usage-vlan vlan-id
no ip internal-usage-vlan
•
vlan-id—VLAN ID of the internal usage VLAN.(Range: Valid VLAN)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
VLAN Commands
349
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel)
User Guidelines
•
An internal usage VLAN is required when an IP interface is defined on Ethernet port or Portchannel.
•
Using this command the user can define the internal usage VLAN of a port.
•
If an internal-usage is not defined for a Port, and the user wants to define an IP interface, the
software chooses one of the unused VLANs.
•
If a VLAN ID was chosen by the software for internal usage, and the user wants to use that
VLAN ID for static or dynamic VLAN, he should either remove the IP interface, creates the
VLAN, and recreate the IP interface, or use this command to define explicit internal usage
VLAN.
Examples
The following example reserves a VLAN as the internal usage VLAN of an interface.
Console (config)# ip internal-usage-vlan 10
show vlan
The show vlan Privileged EXEC mode command displays VLAN information.
Syntax
show vlan [tag vlan-id | name vlan-name]
•
vlan-id—A valid VLAN ID
•
vlan-name—A valid VLAN name string. (Range: 1 - 32 characters)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays all VLAN information.
350
VLAN Commands
Console# show vlan
Vlan
Name
Ports
Type
Authorization
1
default
g1-2
other
Required
g1-4
10
VLAN0010
g3-4
dynamic
Required
11
VLAN0011
g1-2
static
Required
20
VLAN0020
g3-4
static
Required
21
VLAN0021
static
Required
30
VLAN0030
static
Required
31
VLAN0031
static
Not Required
show vlan internal usage
The show vlan internal usage Privileged EXEC mode command displays a list of VLANs being used
internally by the switch.
Syntax
show vlan internal usage
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
VLAN Commands
351
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example displays all VLAN information.
Console# show vlan internal usage
VLAN
Usage
Reserved
IP Address
----
---------
----------
----------
1007
g21
No
Active
1008
g22
Yes
Inactive
1009
g23
Yes
Active
show vlan protocols-groups
The show vlan protocols-groups Privileged EXEC mode command displays protocols-groups
information.
Syntax
show vlan protocols-groups
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays protocols-groups information.
352
VLAN Commands
Console# show vlan protocols-groups
Encapsulation
Protocol
Group Id
-------------
--------
--------
ethernet
08 00
213
ethernet
08 06
213
ethernet
81 37
312
ethernet
81 38
312
rfc1042
08 00
213
rfc1042
08 06
213
show interfaces switchport
The show interfaces switchport Privileged EXEC mode command displays switchport
configuration.
Syntax
show interfaces switchport {ethernet interface | port-channel port-channel-number}
•
Interface—Specific interface, such as ethernet g8.
•
port-channel-number—Valid port-channel trunk index.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays switchport configuration individually for g1.
VLAN Commands
353
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show interface switchport ethernet g1
Port g1:
Port mode: General
GVRP Status: disabled
Ingress Filtering: true
Acceptable Frame Type: admitAll
Ingress Untagged VLAN (NATIVE) : 1
Port is member in:
Vlan
Name
Egress rule
Type
----
-------
-----------
---------
1
default
untagged
System
8
VLAN008
tagged
Dynamic
11
VLAN011
tagged
Static
Forbidden VLANS:
VLAN
Name
----
----
73
Out
Classification rules:
Group ID
VLAN
--------
----
219
372
switchport mode
Use the switchport mode interface configuration command to configure the VLAN membership
mode of a port. Use the no form of this command to reset the mode to the appropriate default for
the device.
Syntax
switchport mode {customer | access | trunk | general}
354
VLAN Commands
no switchport mode
•
customer — The port is connected to customer equipment. Used when the switch is in a
provider network.
•
access — Untagged layer 2 VLAN interface
•
trunk — Trunking layer 2 VLAN interface
•
general — Full 802.1q support VLAN interface
Default Configuration
All ports are in access mode, and belong to the default VLAN (whose VID=1).
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel)
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command
Example
The following example onfigures the VLAN membership mode of a port. Use the no form of this
command to reset the mode to the appropriate default for the device.
console# config
console(config)# interface ethernet g1
console(config-if)# switchport mode customer
switchport customer vlan
Use the switchport customer vlan interface configuration command to set the port's VLAN when
the interface is in customer mode. Use the no form of this command to revert to default.
Syntax
switchport customer vlan vlan-id
no switchport customer vlan
•
vlan-id — VLAN ID of the customer
Default Configuration
No VLAN is configured.
Command Modes
Interface configuration (Ethernet, port-channel)
VLAN Commands
355
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example sets the port's VLAN when the interface is in customer mode.
Console(config)# interface ethernet g5
Console(config-if)# switchport customer vlan vlan-id
356
VLAN Commands
Web Server
ip http server
The ip http server Global Configuration mode command enables the device to be configured from
a browser. To disable this function use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip http server
no ip http server
Default Configuration
HTTP server is disabled by default.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
Only a user with access level 15 can use the web server.
Example
The following example enables the device to be configured from a browser.
Console (enable)# ip http server
ip http port
The ip http port Global Configuration mode command specifies the TCP port for use by a web
browser to configure the device. To use the default TCP port, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip http port port-number
no ip http port
•
port-number—Port number for use by the HTTP server. (Range: 0 - 65535)
Default Configuration
This default port number is 80.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
Web Server
357
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command. However, specifying 0 as the port number will
effectively disable HTTP access to the device.
Example
The following example shows how the http port number is configured to 100.
Console (config)# ip http port 100
ip https server
The ip https server Global Configuration mode command enables the device to be configured
from a secured browser. To disable this function, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip https server
no ip https server
Default Configuration
The default for the device is disabled.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
You must use the crypto certificate generate command to generate the HTTPS certificate.
Example
The following example enables the device to be configured from a browser.
Console (enable)# ip https server
ip https port
The ip https port Global Configuration mode command configures a TCP port for use by a secure
web browser to configure the device. To use the default port, use the no form of this command.
Syntax
ip https port port-number
no ip https port
•
358
Web Server
port-number—Port number for use by the HTTP server. (Range: 0 - 65535)
Default Configuration
This default port number is 443.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example configures the https port number to 100.
Console (enable)# ip https port 100
crypto certificate generate
The crypto certificate generate Global Configuration mode command generates a HTTPS
certificate.
Syntax
crypto certificate [number] generate [key-generate [length]] [passphrase string] [cn commonname] [ou organization-unit] [o organization] [l location] [st state] [c country] [duration
days]
•
number —Specifies the certificate number. If unspecified, defaults to 1. (Range: 1 - 2)
•
key-generate—Regenerate SSL RSA key.
•
length—Specifies the SSL RSA key length. If unspecified, length defaults to 1024.
(Range: 512 - 2048)
•
passphrase string—Passphrase that is used for exporting the certificate in PKCS12 file
format. If unspecified the certificate is not exportable. (Range: 8 - 96)
•
cn common- name—Specifies the fully qualified URL or IP address of the device. If
unspecified, defaults to the lowest IP address of the device (where the certificate is
generated). (Range: 1 - 64)
•
ou organization-unit—Specifies the organization-unit or department name.(Range: 1 64)
•
o organization—Specifies the organization name. (Range: 1 - 64)
•
l location—Specifies the location or city name. (Range: 1 - 64)
•
st state—Specifies the state or province name. (Range: 1 - 64)
•
c country—Specifies the country name. (Range: 1 - 2)
•
duration days—Specifies number of days a certification would be valid. If unspecified
defaults to 365 days. (Range: 30 - 3650)
Web Server
359
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
The Certificate and the SSL RSA key pairs do not exist.
Command Mode
Global Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The command is not saved in the device configuration; however, the certificate and keys
generated by this command are saved in the private configuration, which is never displayed to
the user or backed up to another device.
•
Use this command to generate self-signed certificate for your device.
•
When you export an RSA key pair to a PKCS#12 file, the RSA key pair is as secure as the
passphrase. Therefore, keep the passphrase secure.
Example
The following example regenerates a HTTPS certificate.
Console (enable)# crypto certificate generate key-generate
crypto certificate request
The crypto certificate request Privileged EXEC mode command generates and displays certificate
requests for HTTPS.
Syntax
crypto certificate number request common- name [ou organization-unit] [o organization] [l
location] [st state] [c country]
•
number—Specifies the certificate number. (Range: 1 - 2)
•
common- name—Specifies the fully qualified URL or IP address of the device. (Range: 164)
•
ou organization-unit—Specifies the organization-unit or department name. (Range: 164)
•
o organization—Specifies the organization name. (Range: 1- 64)
•
l location—Specifies the location or city name. (Range: 1- 64)
•
st state—Specifies the state or province name. (Range: 1- 64)
•
c country— Specifies the country name. (Range: 1- 2)
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
360
Web Server
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
Use this command to export a certificate request to a Certification Authority. The certificate
request is generated in Base64-encoded X.509 format.
•
Before generating a certificate request you must first generate a self-signed certificate using
the crypto certificate generate Global Configuration mode command.
•
After receiving the certificate from the Certification Authority, use the crypto certificate
import Global Configuration mode command to import the certificate into the device. This
certificate would replace the self-signed certificate.
Examples
The following example generates and displays a certificate request for HTTPS.
Console# crypto certificate 1 request
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE REQUEST----MIwTCCASoCAQAwYjELMAkGA1UEBhMCUFAxCzAJBgNVBAgTAkNDMQswCQYDVQQH
EwRDEMMAoGA1UEChMDZGxkMQwwCgYDVQQLEwNkbGQxCzAJBgNVBAMTAmxkMRAw
DgKoZIhvcNAQkBFgFsMIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQC8ecwQ
HdML0831i0fh/F0MV/Kib6Sz5p+3nUUenbfHp/igVPmFM+1nbqTDekb2ymCu6K
aKvEbVLF9F2LmM7VPjDBb9bb4jnxkvwW/wzDLvW2rsy5NPmH1QVl+8Ubx3GyCm
/oW93BSOFwxwEsP58kf+sPYPy+/8wwmoNtDwIDAQABoB8wHQYJKoZIhvcNAQkH
MRDjEyMwgICCAgICAICAgIMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBBAUAA4GBAGb8UgIx7rB05m+2
m5ZZPhIwl8ARSPXwhVdJexFjbnmvcacqjPG8pIiRV6LkxryGF2bVU3jKEipcZa
g+uNpyTkDt3ZVU72pjz/fa8TF0n3
-----END CERTIFICATE REQUEST-----
CN= router.gm.com
0= General Motors
C= US
Web Server
361
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
crypto certificate import
The crypto certificate import Global Configuration mode command imports a certificate signed
by Certification Authority for HTTPS.
Syntax
crypto certificate number import
•
number—Specifies the certificate number. (Range: 1 - 2)
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
362
•
Use this command to enter an external certificate (signed by Certification Authority) to the
device. To end the session, enter a new line, enter "." (period) and add another new line.
•
The imported certificate must be based on a certificate request created by the crypto
certificate request Privileged EXEC mode command.
•
If the public key found in the certificate does not match the device's SSL RSA key, the
command will fail.
•
This command is not saved in the device configuration; however, the certificate imported by
this command is saved in the private configuration (which is never displayed to the user or
backed up to another device).
Web Server
Examples
The following example imports a certificate signed by Certification Authority for HTTPS.
Console(config)# crypto certificate 1 import
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----dHmUgUm9vdCBDZXJ0aWZpZXIwXDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAANLADBIAkEAp4HS
nnH/xQSGA2ffkRBwU2XIxb7n8VPsTm1xyJ1t11a1GaqchfMqqe0kmfhcoHSWr
yf1FpD0MWOTgDAwIDAQABo4IBojCCAZ4wEwYJKwYBBAGCNxQCBAYeBABDAEEw
CwR0PBAQDAgFGMA8GA1UdEwEB/wQFMAMBAf8wHQYDVR0OBBYEFAf4MT9BRD47
ZvKBAEL9Ggp+6MIIBNgYDVR0fBIIBLTCCASkwgdKggc+ggcyGgclsZGFwOi8v
L0VByb3h5JTIwU29mdHdhcmUlMjBSb290JTIwQ2VydGlmaWVyLENOPXNlcnZl
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
Certificate imported successfully.
Issued to: router.gm.com
Issued by: www.verisign.com
Valid from: 8/9/2003 to 8/9/2004
Subject: CN= router.gm.com, 0= General Motors, C= US
Finger print: DC789788 DC88A988 127897BC BB789788
ip https certificate
The ip https certificate Global Configuration mode command configures the active certificate for
HTTPS. Use the no form of this command to return to default.
Syntax
ip https certificate number
no ip https certificate
•
number—Specifies the certificate number. (Range: 1 - 2)
Default Configuration
Certificate number 1.
Web Server
363
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The crypto certificate generate command should be used in order to generate HTTPS
certificates.
Example
The following example configures the active certificate for HTTPS.
Console (config)# ip https certificate 1
crypto certificate export pkcs12
The crypto certificate export pkcs12 Privileged EXEC mode command, exports the certificate and
the RSA keys within a PKCS12 file.
Syntax
crypto certificate number export pkcs12
•
number—Specifies the certificate number. (Range: 1 - 2)
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
364
•
The crypto certificate export pkcs12 command creates a PKCS 12 file that contains the
certificate and an RSA key pair.
•
The passphrase for the exporting is determined when the key is generated.
•
The certificate and key pair is exported in standard PEM-format PKCS12 file. This
format can be converted to and from the binary PFX file used by Windows and Linux by
using the openssl command-line tool. See the OpenSSL user manual (man pkcs12) for
more information.
Web Server
Example
The following example exports the certificate and RSA keys.
Console# crypto certificate 1 export pkcs12
Bag Attributes
localKeyID: 0C 75 81 77 5A 31 53 D1 FF 4E 26 BE 8D 4A FD 8B 22 9F 45 D4
subject=/C=us/ST= /L= /CN= /O= /OU=
issuer= /C=us/ST= /L= /CN= /O= /OU=
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----MIIBfDCCASYCAQAwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEEBQAwSTELMAkGA1UEBhMCdXMxCjAIBgNV
BAgTASAxCjAIBgNVBAcTASAxCjAIBgNVBAMTASAxCjAIBgNVBAoTASAxCjAIBgNV
BAsTASAwHhcNMDQwMjA3MTU1NDQ4WhcNMDUwMjA2MTU1NDQ4WjBJMQswCQYDVQQG
EwJ1czEKMAgGA1UECBMBIDEKMAgGA1UEBxMBIDEKMAgGA1UEAxMBIDEKMAgGA1UE
ChMBIDEKMAgGA1UECxMBIDBcMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA0sAMEgCQQCZXP/tk3e/
jrulfZw8q8T2oS5ymrEIes/sRJE8uahTBJqKu1VHqRYJR3VYa/03HSJ741w5MzPI
iuWZzrbbuXAxAgMBAAEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEEBQADQQBQ+GTLeN1p1kARxI4C1fTU
efig3ffZ/tjW5q1t1r5F6zNv/GuXWw7rGzmRyoMXDcYp1TaA4gAIFQCpFGqiSbAx
-----END CERTIFICATE----Bag Attributes
localKeyID: 0C 75 81 77 5A 31 53 D1 FF 4E 26 BE 8D 4A FD 8B 22 9F 45 D4
Key Attributes: <No Attributes>
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----Proc-Type: 4,ENCRYPTED
DEK-Info: DES-EDE3-CBC,085DCBF3A41D2669
dac0m9jqEp1DM50sIDb8Jq1jxW/1P0kqSxuMhc25OdBE/1fPBg9VSvV1ARaYt16W
bX67UyJ8t7HHF3AowjcWzElQ5GJgSQ0VemsqsRQzjpCTb090rx+cNwVfIvjoedgQ
Mtl5+fKIAcqsfEgEGJNXQ4jEzsXAkwfQLFfgt47O3IpkUn0AxrQzutJDOcC28Uxp
raMVTVSlSkJIvaPuXJxdZ279tDMwZffILBfKCJGACT5V5/4WEqDkrF+uuF9/oxm2
5SVL8TvUmXB/3hX4UoaXtxAhuyOdhh1kyyZSpw9BPPR/8bc/wUYERh7+7JXLKHpd
ueeu3znfIX4dDeti8B3xYvvE8kGZjxFN1cC3zc3JsD0IVu1LkyiAa93P4LPEvAwG
Fw1LqmGiiqw9JM/tzc6kYkZXylFzCrSVf2exP+/tEvM=
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Web Server
365
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
crypto certificate import pkcs12
The crypto certificate import pkcs12 Privileged EXEC mode command, imports the certificate
and the RSA keys within a PKCS12 file.
Syntax
crypto certificate number import pkcs12 passphrase
•
number—Specifies the certificate number. (Range: 1 - 2)
•
passphrase—Passphrase that is used to encrypt the PKCS12 file for export. (Range: 8 - 96)
Default Configuration
There is no default configuration for this command.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
The passphrase that was exported by the crypto certificate export pkcs12 command should
be used. Please note that this passphrase would be saved for later exports.
Example
The following example imports the certificate and RSA keys.
366
Web Server
Console# crypto certificate 1 import pkcs12 passphrase
Bag Attributes
localKeyID: 0C 75 81 77 5A 31 53 D1 FF 4E 26 BE 8D 4A FD 8B 22 9F 45 D4
subject=/C=us/ST= /L= /CN= /O= /OU=
issuer= /C=us/ST= /L= /CN= /O= /OU=
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----MIIBfDCCASYCAQAwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEEBQAwSTELMAkGA1UEBhMCdXMxCjAIBgNV
BAgTASAxCjAIBgNVBAcTASAxCjAIBgNVBAMTASAxCjAIBgNVBAoTASAxCjAIBgNV
BAsTASAwHhcNMDQwMjA3MTU1NDQ4WhcNMDUwMjA2MTU1NDQ4WjBJMQswCQYDVQQG
EwJ1czEKMAgGA1UECBMBIDEKMAgGA1UEBxMBIDEKMAgGA1UEAxMBIDEKMAgGA1UE
ChMBIDEKMAgGA1UECxMBIDBcMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA0sAMEgCQQCZXP/tk3e/
jrulfZw8q8T2oS5ymrEIes/sRJE8uahTBJqKu1VHqRYJR3VYa/03HSJ741w5MzPI
iuWZzrbbuXAxAgMBAAEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEEBQADQQBQ+GTLeN1p1kARxI4C1fTU
efig3ffZ/tjW5q1t1r5F6zNv/GuXWw7rGzmRyoMXDcYp1TaA4gAIFQCpFGqiSbAx
-----END CERTIFICATE----Bag Attributes
localKeyID: 0C 75 81 77 5A 31 53 D1 FF 4E 26 BE 8D 4A FD 8B 22 9F 45 D4
Key Attributes: <No Attributes>
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----Proc-Type: 4,ENCRYPTED
DEK-Info: DES-EDE3-CBC,085DCBF3A41D2669
dac0m9jqEp1DM50sIDb8Jq1jxW/1P0kqSxuMhc25OdBE/1fPBg9VSvV1ARaYt16W
bX67UyJ8t7HHF3AowjcWzElQ5GJgSQ0VemsqsRQzjpCTb090rx+cNwVfIvjoedgQ
Mtl5+fKIAcqsfEgEGJNXQ4jEzsXAkwfQLFfgt47O3IpkUn0AxrQzutJDOcC28Uxp
raMVTVSlSkJIvaPuXJxdZ279tDMwZffILBfKCJGACT5V5/4WEqDkrF+uuF9/oxm2
5SVL8TvUmXB/3hX4UoaXtxAhuyOdhh1kyyZSpw9BPPR/8bc/wUYERh7+7JXLKHpd
ueeu3znfIX4dDeti8B3xYvvE8kGZjxFN1cC3zc3JsD0IVu1LkyiAa93P4LPEvAwG
Fw1LqmGiiqw9JM/tzc6kYkZXylFzCrSVf2exP+/tEvM=
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
Web Server
367
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
show crypto certificate mycertificate
The show crypto certificate mycertificate Privileged EXEC mode command allows you to view the
SSL certificates of your device.
Syntax
show crypto certificate mycertificate [number]
•
number—Specifies the certificate number. (Range: 1- 2)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the certificate.
Console# show crypto certificate mycertificate 1
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----dHmUgUm9vdCBDZXJ0aWZpZXIwXDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAANLADBIAkEAp4HS
nnH/xQSGA2ffkRBwU2XIxb7n8VPsTm1xyJ1t11a1GaqchfMqqe0kmfhcoHSWr
yf1FpD0MWOTgDAwIDAQABo4IBojCCAZ4wEwYJKwYBBAGCNxQCBAYeBABDAEEw
CwR0PBAQDAgFGMA8GA1UdEwEB/wQFMAMBAf8wHQYDVR0OBBYEFAf4MT9BRD47
ZvKBAEL9Ggp+6MIIBNgYDVR0fBIIBLTCCASkwgdKggc+ggcyGgclsZGFwOi8v
L0VByb3h5JTIwU29mdHdhcmUlMjBSb290JTIwQ2VydGlmaWVyLENOPXNlcnZl
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
Issued by: www.verisign.com
Valid from: 8/9/2003 to 8/9/2004
Subject: CN= router.gm.com, 0= General Motors, C= US
Finger print: DC789788 DC88A988 127897BC BB789788
368
Web Server
show ip http
The show ip http Privileged EXEC mode command displays the HTTP server configuration.
Syntax
show ip http
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays the HTTP server configuration.
Console# show ip http
HTTP server enabled. Port: 80
show ip https
The show ip http Privileged EXEC mode command displays the HTTPS server configuration.
Syntax
show ip https
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Web Server
369
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Example
The following example displays the HTTP server configuration.
Console# show ip https
HTTPS server enabled.
Port: 443
Certificate 1 is active
Issued by: www.verisign.com
Valid from: 8/9/2003 to 8/9/2004
Subject: CN= router.gm.com, 0= General Motors, C= US
Finger print: DC789788 DC88A988 127897BC BB789788
Certificate 2 is inactive
Issued by: self-signed
Valid from: 8/9/2003 to 8/9/2004
Subject: CN= router.gm.com, 0= General Motors, C= US
Finger print: 1873B936 88DC3411 BC8932EF 782134BA
370
Web Server
802.1x Commands
aaa authentication dot1x
The aaa authentication dot1x Global Configuration mode command specifies one or more
authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) methods for use to authenticate interfaces
running IEEE 802.1X. Use the no form of this command to return to default.
Syntax
aaa authentication dot1x default method1 [method2...]
no aaa authentication dot1x default
•
method1 [method2...]—At least one from the following table:
Keyword
Description
Radius
Uses the list of all RADIUS servers for
authentication
None
Uses no authentication
Default Configuration
The default behavior of the "aaa authentication" for dot1.x is "failed to authenticate". If the
8021.x calls the AAA for authentication services it will receive a fail status.
Command Mode
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
The additional methods of authentication are used only if the previous method returns an
error, for example the authentication server is down, and not if the request for authenticate is
denied access. To ensure that the authentication succeeds even if all methods return an error,
specify none as the final method in the command line.
•
The radius server must support MD-5 challenge and EAP type frames.
Examples
The following example uses the aaa authentication dot1x default command with no
authentication.
Console (config)# aaa authentication dot1x default none
802.1x Commands
371
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
dot1x system-auto-control
The dot1x system-auto-control Global Configuration mode command enables 802.1x globally. Use
the no form of this command to disable 802.1x globally.
Syntax
dot1x system-auto-control
no dot1x system-auto-control
•
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Disabled
Command Modes
Global configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example enables 802.1x globally.
Console (config)# dot1x system-auto-control
dot1x port-control
The dot1x port-control Interface Configuration mode command enables manual control of the
authorization state of the port. Use the no form of this command to return to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x port-control {auto | force-authorized | force-unauthorized}
no dot1x port-control
372
•
auto—Enable 802.1X authentication on the interface and cause the port to transition to
the authorized or unauthorized state based on the 802.1X authentication exchange
between the switch and the client.
•
force-authorized—Disable 802.1X authentication on the interface and cause the port to
transition to the authorized state without any authentication exchange required. The
port resends and receives normal traffic without 802.1X-based authentication of the
client.
•
force-unauthorized—Deny all access through this interface by forcing the port to
transition to the unauthorized state, ignoring all attempts by the client to authenticate.
The switch cannot provide authentication services to the client through the interface.
802.1x Commands
Default Configuration
force-authorized
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet)
User Guidelines
•
It is recommended to disable spanning tree or to enable spanning-tree PortFast mode on
802.1x edge ports (ports in auto state that are connected to end stations), in order to get
immediately to the forwarding state after successful authentication.
Examples
The following example enables 802.1X authentication on the interface.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# dot1x port-control auto
dot1x re-authentication
The dot1x re-authentication Interface Configuration mode command enables periodic reauthentication of the client. Use the no form of this command to return to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x re-authentication
no dot1x re-authentication
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Periodic re-authentication is disabled.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet)
User Guidelines
•
It is recommended to use re-authentication because if re-authentication is not defined, once
a port is authenticated, it will remain in this state until the port is down or a log-off message is
sent by client.
802.1x Commands
373
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example enables periodic re-authentication of the client.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# dot1x re-authentication
dot1x timeout re-authperiod
The dot1x timeout re-authperiod Interface Configuration mode command sets the number of
seconds between re-authentication attempts. Use the no form of this command to return to the
default setting.
Syntax
dot1x timeout re-authperiod seconds
no dot1x timeout re-authperiod
•
seconds— Number of seconds between re-authentication attempts. (Range: 300 4294967295)
Default Configuration
3600
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example sets the number of seconds between re-authentication attempts, to 3600.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# dot1x timeout re-authperiod 3600
dot1x re-authenticate
The dot1x re-authenticate Privileged EXEC mode command manually initiates a reauthentication of all 802.1X-enabled ports or the specified 802.1X-enabled port.
dot1x re-authenticate [ethernet interface]
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
374
802.1x Commands
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
•
The following command manually initiates a re-authentication of the 802.1X-enabled port.
Console# dot1x re-authenticate ethernet g8
dot1x timeout quiet-period
The dot1x timeout quiet-period Interface Configuration mode command sets the number of
seconds that the switch remains in the quiet state following a failed authentication exchange (for
example, the client provided an invalid password). Use the no form of this command to return to
the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x timeout quiet-period seconds
no dot1x timeout quiet-period
•
seconds—Time in seconds that the switch remains in the quiet state following a failed
authentication exchange with the client. (Range: 0 - 65535 seconds)
Default Configuration
60
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet)
User Guidelines
•
During the quiet period, the switch does not accept or initiate any authentication requests.
•
The default value of this command should only be changed to adjust for unusual
circumstances, such as unreliable links or specific behavioral problems with certain clients
and authentication servers.
•
If it is necessary to provide a faster response time to the user, a smaller number than the
default should be entered.
802.1x Commands
375
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Examples
The following example sets the number of seconds that the switch remains in the quiet state
following a failed authentication exchange, to 3600.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# dot1x timeout quiet-period 3600
dot1x timeout tx-period
The dot1x timeout tx-period Interface Configuration mode command sets the number of seconds
that the switch waits for a response to an Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) request/identity frame, from the client, before resending the request. Use the no form of this
command to return to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x timeout tx-period seconds
no dot1x timeout tx-period
•
seconds— Time in seconds that the switch should wait for a response to an EAP request/identity frame from the client before resending the request. (Range: 1 - 65535
seconds)
Default Configuration
30
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
You should change the default value of this command only to adjust for unusual
circumstances, such as unreliable links or specific behavioral problems with certain clients
and authentication servers.
Examples
The following command sets the number of seconds that the switch waits for a response to an EAP
- request/identity frame, to 3600 seconds.
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# dot1x timeout tx-period 3600
376
802.1x Commands
dot1x max-req
The dot1x max-req Interface Configuration mode command sets the maximum number of times
that the switch sends an Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) - request/identity frame
(assuming that no response is received) to the client, before restarting the authentication process.
Use the no form of this command to return to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x max-req count
no dot1x max-req
•
count—Number of times that the switch sends an EAP - request/identity frame before
restarting the authentication process. (Range: 1 - 10)
Default Configuration
2
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
You should change the default value of this command only to adjust for unusual
circumstances, such as unreliable links or specific behavioral problems with certain clients
and authentication servers.
Examples
The following example sets the number of times that the switch sends an EAP - request/identity
frame, to 6 .
Console (config)# interface ethernet g8
Console (config-if)# dot1x max-req 6
dot1x timeout supp-timeout
The dot1x timeout supp-timeout Interface Configuration mode command sets the time for the
retransmission of an Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)-request frame to the client. Use the
no form of this command to return to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x timeout supp-timeout seconds
no dot1x timeout supp-timeout
•
seconds—Time in seconds that the switch should wait for a response to an EAP-request
frame from the client before resending the request. (Range: 1 - 65535 seconds)
802.1x Commands
377
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Default Configuration
30
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
The default value of this command should be changed only to adjust to unusual
circumstances, such as unreliable links or specific behavioral problems with certain clients
and authentication servers.
Examples
The following example sets the time for the retransmission of an EAP-request frame to the client,
to 3600 seconds.
console config-if(Config-VLAN)# dot1x timeout supp-timeout 3600
dot1x timeout server-timeout
The dot1x timeout server-timeout Interface Configuration mode command sets the time for the
retransmission of packets to the authentication server. Use the no form of this command to return
to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x timeout server-timeout seconds
no dot1x timeout server-timeout
•
seconds—Time in seconds that the switch should wait for a response from the
authentication server before resending the request. (Range: 1 - 65535 seconds)
Default Configuration
30
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
378
There are no user guidelines for this command.
802.1x Commands
Examples
The following example sets the time for the retransmission of packets to the authentication server.,
to 3600 seconds.
Console (config)# dot1x timeout server-timeout 3600
show dot1x
The show dot1x Privileged EXEC mode command displays 802.1X status for the switch or for the
specified interface.
Syntax
show dot1x [ethernet interface]
•
interface—The full syntax is: port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Examples
The following example displays 802.1X status for the switch.
Console# show dot1x
Interface
Admin Mode
Oper Mode
Reauth
Control
Reauth
Period
Username
---------
----------
----------
--------
------
--------
g1
Auto
Authorized
Ena
3600
Bob
g2
Auto
Authorized
Ena
3600
John
g3
Auto
Unauthorized
Ena
3600
Clark
g4
Force-auth
Authorized
Dis
3600
n/a
802.1x Commands
379
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Console# show dot1x ethernet g3
Interface
Admin Mode
Oper Mode
Reauth
Control
Reauth
Period
Username
g3
Auto
Unauthorize
d
Ena
3600
Clark
State: held
Quiet period: 60
Tx period: 30
Max req: 2
Login Time: n/a
Last Authentication: n/a
MAC Address: 00:08:78:32:98:78
Authentication Method: Remote
Termination Cause: Supplicant logoff
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
380
Field
Description
Interface
The interface number.
Admin mode
The admin mode of the port. Possible values are: Force-auth, Forceunauth, Auto
Oper mode
The oper mode of the port. Possible values are: Authorized,
Unauthorized.
Reauth Control
Reauthentication control.
Reauth Period
Reauthentication period.
Username
The User-Name representing the identity of the Supplicant.
State
The current value of the Authenticator PAE state machine.
Quiet period
The number of seconds that the switch remains in the quiet state
following a failed authentication exchange (for example, the client
provided an invalid password).
Tx period
The number of seconds that the switch waits for a response to an
Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)-request/identity frame from
the client before resending the request.
802.1x Commands
Max req
The maximum number of times that the switch sends an Extensible
Authentication Protocol (EAP)-request/identity frame (assuming that no
response is received) to the client before restarting the authentication
process.
Login Time
How long the user is logged in.
Last Authentication
Time since last authentication.
Mac address
The supplicant MAC address.
Authentication Method
The authentication method used to establish the session.
Termination Cause
The reason for the session termination.
show dot1x users
The show dot1x users Privileged EXEC mode command displays 802.1X users for the switch.
Syntax
show dot1x users [username username]
•
username—Supplicant username (Range: 1- 160 characters)
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
There are no user guidelines for this command.
Example
The following example displays 802.1X users.
console# show dot1x users
Username
Session
Time
Last Auth
Auth
Method
MAC Address
Interface
--------
-----------
---------
-------- --------------
Bob
1d3h
58m
Remote
00:08:3b:79:87:87 g1
John
8h19m
2m
None
00:08:3b:89:31:27 g2
--------
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
802.1x Commands
381
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
Field
Description
Username
The User-Name representing the identity of the Supplicant.
Login Time
How long the user is logged in.
Last Authentication
Time since last authentication.
Authentication Method
The authentication method used to establish the session.
Mac address
The supplicant MAC address.
Interface
The interface that the user is using.
show dot1x statistics
The show dot1x statistics Privileged EXEC mode command displays 802.1X statistics for the
specified interface.
Syntax
show dot1x statistics ethernet interface
•
interface—The full syntax is: port.
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
382
There are no user guidelines for this command.
802.1x Commands
Examples
The following example displays 802.1X statistics for the specified interface.
Switch# show dot1x statistics ethernet g1
EapolFramesRx: 11
EapolFramesTx: 12
EapolStartFramesRx: 1
EapolLogoffFramesRx: 1
EapolRespIdFramesRx: 3
EapolRespFramesRx: 6
EapolReqIdFramesTx: 3
EapolReqFramesTx: 6
InvalidEapolFramesRx: 0
EapLengthErrorFramesRx: 0
LastEapolFrameVersion: 1
LastEapolFrameSource: 0008.3b79.8787
The following table describes the significant fields shown in the display:
Field
Description
EapolFramesRx
The number of valid EAPOL frames of any type that have been received
by this Authenticator.
EapolFramesTx
The number of EAPOL frames of any type that have been transmitted by
this Authenticator.
EapolStartFramesRx
The number of EAPOL Start frames that have been received by this
Authenticator.
EapolLogoffFramesRx
The number of EAPOL Logoff frames that have been received by this
Authenticator.
EapolRespIdFramesRx
The number of EAP Resp/Id frames that have been received by this
Authenticator.
EapolRespFramesRx
The number of valid EAP Response frames (other than Resp/Id frames)
that have been received by this Authenticator.
EapolReqIdFramesTx
The number of EAP Req/Id frames that have been transmitted by this
Authenticator.
802.1x Commands
383
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
EapolReqFramesTx
The number of EAP Request frames (other than Rq/Id frames) that have
been transmitted by this Authenticator.
InvalidEapolFramesRx
The number of EAPOL frames that have been received by this
Authenticator in which the frame type is not recognized.
EapLengthErrorFramesRx
The number of EAPOL frames that have been received by this
Authenticator in which the Packet Body Length field is invalid.
LastEapolFrameVersion
The protocol version number carried in the most recently received
EAPOL frame.
LastEapolFrameSource
The source MAC address carried carried in the most recently received
EAPOL frame.
ADVANCED FEATURES
dot1x auth-not-req
The dot1x auth-not-req VLAN Configuration mode command enables unauthorized users access
to that VLAN. Use the no form of this command to disable the access.
Syntax
dot1x auth-not-req
no dot1x auth-not-req
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
User should be authorized to access the VLAN.
Command Mode
VLAN Configuration mode
User Guidelines
•
An access port cannot be a member in an unauthenticated VLAN. The native VLAN of a
trunk port cannot be an unauthenticated VLAN. For a general port, the PVID can be the
Unauthenticated VLAN (although only tagged packets would be accepted in Unauthorized
state.)
Examples
The following example enables unauthorized users access to the VLAN.
console config-if(Config-VLAN)# dot1x auth-not-req
384
802.1x Commands
dot1x multiple-hosts
The dot1x multiple-hosts Interface Configuration mode command allows multiple hosts (clients)
on an 802.1X-authorized port, that has the dot1x port-control Interface Configuration mode
command set to auto. Use the no form of this command to return to the default setting.
Syntax
dot1x multiple-hosts
no dot1x multiple-hosts
This command has no arguments or keywords.
Default Configuration
Multiple hosts are disabled. If a port would join a port-channel, the state would be multiple
hosts as long as the port is member in the port-channel.
Multiple-hosts must be enabled if the user wants to disable ingress-filtering on this port.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
This command enables the attachment of multiple clients to a single 802.1X-enabled port. In
this mode, only one of the attached hosts must be successfully authorized for all hosts to be
granted network access. If the port becomes unauthorized, all attached clients are denied
access to the network.
•
For unauthenticated VLANs multiple hosts are always enabled.
Examples
The following command allows multiple hosts (clients) on an 802.1X-authorized port.
console config-if(Config-VLAN)#dot1x multiple-hosts
dot1x single-host-violation
The dot1x single-host-violation Interface Configuration mode command configures the action to
be taken, when a station whose MAC address is not the supplicant MAC address, attempts to
access the interface. Use the no form of this command to return to default.
Syntax
dot1x single-host-violation {forward | discard | discard-shutdown} [trap seconds]
no port dot1x single-host-violation
802.1x Commands
385
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
•
forward—Forward frames with source addresses not the supplicant address, but do not
learn the address.
•
discard—Discard frames with source addresses not the supplicant address.
•
discard-shutdown—Discard frames with source addresses not the supplicant address.
The port is also shutdown.
•
trap seconds—Send SNMP traps, and specifies the minimum time between consecutive
traps. (Range: 1- 1000000)
Default Configuration
Discard frames with source addresses not the supplicant address. No traps.
Command Mode
Interface configuration (Ethernet) mode
User Guidelines
•
The command is relevant when Multiple hosts is disabled and the user has been successfully
authenticated
Examples
The following example uses the forward action to forward frames with source addresses.
console config-if(Config-VLAN)# dot1x single-host-violation
forward trap 100
show dot1x advanced
The show dot1x advanced Privileged EXEC mode command displays 802.1X advanced features for
the switch or for the specified interface.
Syntax
show dot1x advanced [ethernet interface]
•
interface—Ethernet interface
Default Configuration
This command has no default configuration.
Command Mode
Privileged EXEC mode
User Guidelines
•
386
There are no user guidelines for this command.
802.1x Commands
Examples
The following example displays 802.1X advanced features for the switch.
Switch# show dot1x advanced
Unauthenticated VLANs: 91, 92
Port
Multiple
Hosts
g1
Disabled
g2
Enabled
Switch# show dot1x advanced ethernet g1
Port
Multiple
Hosts
g1
Disabled
Single host parameters
Violation action: Discard
Trap: Enabled
Trap frequency: 100
Status: Single-host locked
Violations since last trap: 9
802.1x Commands
387
www.dell.com | support.dell.com
console# show dot1x advanced ethernet g1
Guest VLAN: 3978
Unauthenticated VLANs: 91, 92
Use user attributes from Authentication Server: Enabled
User VLAN not created: Create
Interface
Multiple
Hosts
g1
Disabled
g2
Enabled
Single Host Violation: Discard
Trap: Enabled
Frequency: 100
Status: Authorized (Locked)
Counter: 9
388
802.1x Commands