Specifications | Dell 9100 Personal Computer User Manual

Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Before You Begin
About Your Computer
Removing the Computer Cover
Technical Overview
Specifications
Advanced Troubleshooting
System Setup
Removing and Installing Parts
Replacing the Computer Cover
Notes, Notices, and Cautions
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
If you purchased a Dell™ n Series computer, any references in this document to Microsoft® Windows® operating systems are not applicable.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2005 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and Dimension are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel, Pentium, and SpeedStep are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation;
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any
proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
Model DCTA
April 2005 Rev. A00
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About Your Computer
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Front View of the Computer
Back View of the Computer
Front View of the Computer
1
cover latch
release
Use this latch to remove the cover. See "Removing the Computer
Cover."
2
CD or DVD
activity light
The drive light is on when the computer reads data from the CD or DVD
drive.
3
CD or DVD
eject button
Press to eject a disc from the CD or DVD drive.
4
Floppy drive
bay
Can contain an optional floppy drive.
5
FlexBay
Can contain an optional floppy drive or optional Media Card Reader.
6
IEEE 1394
connector
(optional)
Use the optional IEEE 1394 connector for high-speed data devices such
as digital video cameras and external storage devices.
7
vents
For adequate cooling, do not block any of the vents.
NOTICE: Ensure that there is a minimum of two inches of space
between all vents and any object near these vents.
8
USB 2.0
connectors (2)
Use the front USB connectors for devices that you connect occasionally,
such as joysticks or cameras. It is recommended that you use the back
USB connectors for devices that typically remain connected, such as
printers, keyboards, and mice, or for bootable USB devices, which may
not function properly if attached to the front connectors.
9
power button
Press to turn on the computer.
NOTICE: To avoid losing data, do not use the power button to turn off
the computer. Instead, perform an operating system shutdown.
10 hard-drive
activity light
The hard drive activity light is on when the computer reads data from or
writes data to the hard drive. The light might also be on when a device
such as a CD player is operating.
11 diagnostic
lights (4)
Use the lights to help you troubleshoot a computer problem based on
the diagnostic code. For more information, see "Diagnostic Lights."
12 headphone
connector
Use the headphone connector to attach headphones.
13 microphone
connector
Use the microphone connector to attach a personal computer
microphone for voice or musical input into a sound or telephony
program.
14 Service Tag
Used to identify your computer when you access the Dell Support
website or call technical support.
Back View of the Computer
1 power
connector
Insert the power cable.
2 sound card
connectors
(5)
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3 network
connector
Line-in connector — Use the blue line-in connector to attach a
record/playback device such as a cassette player, CD player, or VCR.
Line-out connector — Use the green line-out connector to attach
headphones and most speakers with integrated amplifiers.
Microphone connector — Use the pink microphone connector to
attach a personal computer microphone for voice or musical input
into a sound or telephony program.
Surround connector — Use the black surround connector to attach
multichannel-capable speakers.
Center/subwoofer (Center/LFE) connector — Use the yellow
subwoofer connector to attach multiple speakers.
To attach your computer to a network or broadband device, connect one
end of a network cable to either a network port or your network or
broadband device. Connect the other end of the network cable to the
network connector on your computer. A click indicates that the network
cable has been securely attached.
NOTE: Do not plug a telephone cable into the network connector.
On computers with a network connector card, use the connector on the
card.
4 USB 2.0
connectors
(5)
Use the back USB connectors for devices that typically remain connected,
such as printers, keyboards, and mice, or for bootable USB devices which
may not function properly if attached to the front connectors (see "System
Setup" for more information on booting to a USB device)
It is recommended that you use the front USB connectors for devices that
you connect occasionally, such as joysticks or cameras.
5 card slots (6) Access connectors for any installed PCI or PCI Express cards.
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Advanced Troubleshooting
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Power Lights
Diagnostic Lights
Beep Codes
Power Lights
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
The power button light located on the front of the computer illuminates and blinks or remains solid to indicate different states:
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If the power light is green and the computer is not responding, see "Diagnostic Lights."
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If the power light is blinking green, the computer is in standby mode. Press a key on the keyboard, move the mouse, or press the power button to
resume normal operation.
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If the power light is off, the computer is either turned off or is not receiving power.
¡
Reseat the power cable into both the power connector on the back of the computer and the electrical outlet.
¡
If the computer is plugged into a power strip, ensure that the power strip is plugged into an electrical outlet and that the power strip is turned
on. Also bypass power protection devices, power strips, and power extension cables to verify that the computer turns on properly.
¡
Ensure that the electrical outlet is working by testing it with another device, such as a lamp.
¡
Ensure that the main power cable and front panel cable are securely connected to the system board.
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If the power light is blinking amber, the computer is receiving electrical power, but an internal power problem might exist.
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If the power light is steady amber, a device might be malfunctioning or incorrectly installed.
¡
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Ensure that the voltage selection switch is set to match the AC power at your location (if applicable).
¡
Remove and then reinstall the memory modules.
¡
Remove and then reinstall any cards.
¡
Remove and then reinstall the graphics card, if applicable.
¡
Ensure that the processor power cable is securely connected to the system board.
Eliminate interference. Some possible causes of interference are:
¡
Power, keyboard, and mouse extension cables
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Too many devices on a power strip
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Multiple power strips connected to the same electrical outlet
Diagnostic Lights
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
To help you troubleshoot a problem, your computer has four lights labeled "1," "2," "3," and "4" on the front panel (see "Front View of the Computer"). When
the computer starts normally, the lights flash. After the computer starts, all four lights display solid green. If the computer malfunctions, the color and
sequence of the lights identify the problem.
Light Pattern Problem Description
Suggested Resolution
The computer is in a normal "off"
condition or a possible pre-BIOS
failure has occurred.
Plug the computer into a working electrical outlet. Also see "Power Lights."
The diagnostic lights are not lit
after the system successfully boots
to the operating system.
A possible processor failure has
occurred.
Memory modules are detected, but
a memory failure has occurred.
Reinstall the processor and restart the computer.
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If you have two or more memory modules installed, remove the modules, reinstall one module
(see "Memory"), and then restart the computer. If the computer starts normally, reinstall an
additional module. Continue until you have identified a faulty module or reinstalled all modules
without error.
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A possible graphics card failure has
occurred.
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If available, install properly working memory of the same type into your computer (see
"Memory").
If the problem persists, contact Dell.
If the computer has a graphics card, remove the card (see "Cards"), reinstall it, and then
restart the computer.
If the problem still exists, install a graphics card that you know works and restart the
computer.
If the problem persists, contact Dell.
A possible floppy drive or hard
drive failure has occurred.
Reseat all power and data cables and restart the computer.
A possible USB failure has
occurred.
Reinstall all USB devices, check cable connections, and then restart the computer.
No memory modules are detected.
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Memory modules are detected, but
a memory configuration or
compatibility error exists.
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A possible expansion card failure
has occurred.
If you have two or more memory modules installed, remove the modules, reinstall one module
(see "Memory"), and then restart the computer. If the computer starts normally, reinstall an
additional module. Continue until you have identified a faulty module or reinstalled all modules
without error.
If available, install properly working memory of the same type into your computer (see
"Memory").
If the problem persists, contact Dell.
Ensure that no special memory module/memory connector placement requirements exist (see
"Memory").
Verify that the memory modules that you are installing are compatible with your computer (see
"Memory").
If the problem persists, contact Dell.
1.
Determine if a conflict exists by removing a card (not a graphics card) and restarting the
computer (see "Cards").
If the problem persists, reinstall the card that you removed, remove a different card, and then
restart the computer.
3. Repeat this process for each card. If the computer starts normally, troubleshoot the last card
removed from the computer for resource conflicts (see "Cards").
4. If the problem persists, contact Dell.
2.
Another failure has occurred.
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The computer is in a normal
operating condition after POST.
Ensure that the cables are properly connected to the system board from the hard drive, CD
drive, and DVD drive (see "System Board Components").
If there is an error message on your screen identifying a problem with a device (such as the
floppy drive or hard drive), check the device to make sure it is functioning properly.
The operating system is attempting to boot from a device (such as the floppy drive or hard
drive); check system setup to make sure the boot sequence is correct for the devices installed
on your computer.
If the problem persists, contact Dell.
None.
Beep Codes
Your computer might emit a series of beeps during start-up if the monitor cannot display errors or problems. This series of beeps, called a beep code, identifies
a problem. One possible beep code (code 1-3-1) consists of one beep, a burst of three beeps, and then one beep. This beep code tells you that the computer
encountered a memory problem.
Reseating the memory modules may fix the beep code errors in the following table. If the problem persists, see "Contacting Dell" in your Owner's Manual for
instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Code
Cause
1-3-1 through 2-4-4 Memory not being properly identified or used
4-3-1
Memory failure above address 0FFFFh
If you hear one of the following beep codes, see "Contacting Dell" in your Owner's Manual for instructions on obtaining technical assistance.
Code Cause
1-1-2 Microprocessor register failure
1-1-3 NVRAM
1-1-4 ROM BIOS checksum failure
1-2-1 Programmable interval timer
1-2-2 DMA initialization failure
1-2-3 DMA page register read/write failure
3-1-1 Slave DMA register failure
3-1-2 Master DMA register failure
3-1-3 Master interrupt mask register failure
3-1-4 Slave interrupt mask register failure
3-2-2 Interrupt vector loading failure
3-2-4 Keyboard Controller Test failure
3-3-1 NVRAM power loss
3-3-2 NVRAM configuration
3-3-4 Video Memory Test failure
3-4-1 Screen initialization failure
3-4-2 Screen retrace failure
3-4-3 Search for video ROM failure
4-2-1 No time tick
4-2-2 Shutdown failure
4-2-3 Gate A20 failure
4-2-4 Unexpected interrupt in protected mode
4-3-3 Timer-chip counter 2 failure
4-3-4 Time-of-day clock stopped
4-4-1 Serial or parallel port test failure
4-4-4 Cache test failure
Message
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
8042 Gate-A20
error
The keyboard controller failed
its test.
If you receive this message after you
make changes in the system setup
program, enter the system setup
program and restore the original value
(s).
Address Line
Short!
An error in the address
decoding circuitry in the
memory has occurred.
Reseat the memory modules.
C: Drive Error
The hard drive is not working
or is not configured correctly.
Ensure that the drive is installed
correctly in the computer and defined
correctly in the system setup program.
Cache Memory
Bad, Do Not
Enable Cache
The cache memory is not
operating.
See "Contacting Dell" in your Owner's
Manual for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
CH-2 Timer Error
An error is occurring on the
timer on the system board.
See "Contacting Dell" in your Owner's
Manual for instructions on obtaining
technical assistance.
CMOS Battery
State Low
The system configuration
information in the system
setup program is incorrect or
the battery charge may be
low.
Enter the system setup program, verify
the system configuration, and then
restart the computer.
Diskette Boot
Failure
Drive A or B is present but
has failed the BIOS POST.
Ensure that the drive is installed
correctly in the computer and defined
correctly in the system setup program.
Check the interface cable at both ends.
DMA Error
Error in the DMA controller on
the system board.
The keyboard or system board may need
to be replaced.
C: Drive Failure
CMOS Checksum
Failure
CMOS System
Options Not Set
CMOS Display
Type Mismatch
CMOS Memory Size
Mismatch
CMOS Time and
Date Not Set
DMA 1 Error
DMA 2 Error
FDD Controller
Failure
HDD Controller
Failure
INTR1 Error
The BIOS cannot communicate Ensure that the floppy drive or the hard
with the floppy drive or hard
drive is installed correctly in the
drive controller.
computer and defined correctly in the
system setup program. Check the
interface cable at both ends.
An interrupt channel on the
The keyboard or system board may need
system board failed to POST.
to be replaced.
Invalid Boot
Diskette
The operating system cannot
be located on drive A or drive
C.
Enter the system setup program and
confirm that drive A or drive C is properly
identified.
Keyboard Error
The BIOS has detected a
stuck key.
Ensure that nothing is resting on the
keyboard; if a key appears to be stuck,
carefully pry it up. If the problem
persists, you may need to replace the
keyboard.
KB/Interface
Error
An error occurred with the
keyboard connector.
Ensure that nothing is resting on the
keyboard; if a key appears to be stuck,
carefully pry it up. If the problem
persists, you may need to replace the
keyboard.
No ROM Basic
The operating system cannot
be located on drive A or drive
C.
Enter the system setup program and
confirm that drive A or drive C is properly
identified.
INTR2 Error
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Before You Begin
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Getting Started
Recommended Tools
Turning Off Your Computer
Before Working Inside Your Computer
Getting Started
This chapter provides procedures for removing and installing the components in your computer. Unless otherwise noted, each procedure assumes that the
following conditions exist:
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You have performed the steps in "Turning Off Your Computer" and "Before Working Inside Your Computer."
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You have read the safety information in your Dell™ Product Information Guide.
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A component can be replaced by performing the removal procedure in reverse order.
Recommended Tools
The procedures in this document may require the following tools:
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Small flat-blade screwdriver
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Phillips screwdriver
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Long Phillips screwdriver
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Flash BIOS update program floppy disk or CD
Turning Off Your Computer
NOTICE: To avoid losing data, save and close any open files and exit any open programs before you turn off your computer.
1.
Shut down the operating system:
a.
Save and close any open files, exit any open programs, click the Start button, and then click Turn Off Computer.
b.
In the Turn off computer window, click Turn off.
The computer turns off after the operating system shutdown process finishes.
2.
Ensure that the computer and any attached devices are turned off. If your computer and attached devices did not automatically turn off when you shut
down your operating system, press and hold the power button for 4 seconds.
Before Working Inside Your Computer
Use the following safety guidelines to help protect your computer from potential damage and to help ensure your own personal safety.
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: Handle components and cards with care. Do not touch the components or contacts on a card. Hold a card by its edges or by its metal
mounting bracket. Hold a component such as a processor by its edges, not by its pins.
NOTICE: Only a certified service technician should perform repairs on your computer. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not
covered by your warranty.
NOTICE: When you disconnect a cable, pull on its connector or on its strain-relief loop, not on the cable itself. Some cables have a connector with
locking tabs; if you are disconnecting this type of cable, press in on the locking tabs before you disconnect the cable. As you pull connectors apart, keep
them evenly aligned to avoid bending any connector pins. Also, before you connect a cable, ensure that both connectors are correctly oriented and
aligned.
NOTICE: To avoid damaging the computer, perform the following steps before you begin working inside the computer.
1.
Turn off your computer.
NOTICE: To disconnect a network cable, first unplug the cable from your computer and then unplug it from the network port or device.
2.
Disconnect any telephone or telecommunication lines from the computer.
3.
Disconnect your computer and all attached devices from their electrical outlets, and then press the power button to ground the system board.
NOTICE: Before touching anything inside your computer, ground yourself by touching an unpainted metal surface, such as the metal at the back of the
computer. While you work, periodically touch an unpainted metal surface to dissipate any static electricity that could harm internal components.
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Replacing the Computer Cover
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
1.
Ensure that all cables are connected, and fold cables out of the way.
Gently pull the power cables toward you so that they do not get caught underneath the drives.
2.
Ensure that no tools or extra parts are left inside the computer.
3.
Close the cover:
a.
Pivot the cover down.
b.
Press down on the right side of the cover until it closes.
c.
Press down on the left side of the cover until it closes.
d.
Ensure that both sides of the cover are locked. If not, repeat all of step 3.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug it into the computer.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
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Removing the Computer Cover
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before removing the cover.
NOTICE: Before touching anything inside your computer, ground yourself by touching an unpainted metal surface, such as the metal at the back of the
computer. While you work, periodically touch an unpainted metal surface to dissipate any static electricity that could harm internal components.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
If you have installed a security cable, remove it from the security cable slot.
NOTICE: Ensure that sufficient space exists to support the removed cover—at least 30 cm (1 ft) of desk top space.
NOTICE: Ensure that you are working on a level, protected surface to avoid scratching either the computer or the surface on which it is resting.
3.
Lay your computer on its side with the computer cover facing up.
4.
Pull back the cover latch release on the top panel.
5.
Locate the three hinge tabs on the bottom edge of the computer.
6.
Grip the sides of the computer cover and pivot the cover up.
7.
Lift the cover away and set it aside in a secure location.
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Removing and Installing Parts
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Memory
CD/DVD Drive
Cards
Power Supply
Drive Panels
Processor
Drives
I/O Panel
Hard Drive
Battery
Floppy Drive
System Board
Media Card Reader
Memory
You can increase your computer memory by installing memory modules on the system board. For information on the type of memory supported by your
computer, see "Specifications."
NOTICE: Before you install new memory modules, download the most recent BIOS for your computer from the Dell™ Support website at support.dell.com.
Memory Overview
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Memory modules should be installed in pairs of matched memory size, speed, and technology. If the memory modules are not installed in matched pairs,
the computer will continue to operate, but with a slight reduction in performance. See the label in the corner of the module to determine the module's
capacity.
NOTE: Always install memory modules in the order indicated on the system board.
The recommended memory configurations are:
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A pair of matched memory modules installed in connectors DIMM_1 and DIMM_2
¡
A pair of matched memory modules installed in connectors DIMM_1 and DIMM_2 and another matched pair installed in connectors DIMM_3 and
DIMM_4
or
NOTICE: Do not install ECC or buffered memory modules. Only unbuffered, non-ECC memory is supported.
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If you install mixed pairs of DDR2 400-MHz (PC2-3200), DDR2 533-MHz (PC2-4300) and DDR2 667-MHz (PC2-5300) memory, the modules function at the
slowest speed installed.
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Be sure to install a single memory module in the DIMM_1 connector, the connector closest to the processor, before you install modules in the other
connectors.
NOTE: Memory purchased from Dell is covered under your computer warranty.
NOTICE: If you remove your original memory modules from the computer during a memory upgrade, keep them separate from any new modules that
you may have, even if you purchased the new modules from Dell. If possible, do not pair an original memory module with a new memory module.
Otherwise, your computer may not start properly. You should install your original memory modules in pairs either in connectors DIMM_1 and DIMM_2 or
connectors DIMM_3 and DIMM_4.
Addressing Memory With 4-GB Configurations
Your computer supports a maximum of 4 GB of memory when you use four 1-GB DIMMs. Current operating systems, such as Microsoft® Windows® XP, can
only use a maximum of 4 GB of address space; however, the amount of memory available to the operating system is less than 4 GB. Certain components
within the computer require address space in the 4-GB range. Any address space reserved for these components cannot be used by computer memory.
Installing Memory
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent static damage to components inside your computer, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer's electronic components. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Remove the computer cover.
3.
Lay the computer on its side so that the system board is on the bottom of the inside of the computer.
4.
Press out the securing clip at each end of the memory module connector.
5.
Align the notch on the bottom of the module with the crossbar in the connector.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the memory module, press the module straight down into the connector while you apply equal force to each end of the
module.
6.
Insert the module into the connector until the module snaps into position.
If you insert the module correctly, the securing clips snap into the cutouts at each end of the module.
7.
Close the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug it into the computer.
8.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
9.
When the message appears stating that memory size has changed, press <F1> to continue.
10.
Log on to your computer.
11.
Right-click the My Computer icon on your Windows desktop and click Properties.
12.
Click the General tab.
13.
To verify that the memory is installed correctly, check the amount of memory (RAM) listed.
Removing Memory
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent static damage to components inside your computer, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer's electronic components. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Remove the computer cover.
3.
Press out the securing clip at each end of the memory module connector.
4.
Grasp the module and pull up.
If the module is difficult to remove, gently ease the module back and forth to remove it from the connector.
Cards
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent static damage to components inside your computer, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer's electronic components. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer.
Your Dell™ computer provides the following slots for PCI and PCI Express cards:
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Three 33-MHz PCI card slots
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One PCI Express x1 card slot
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One PCI Express x16 card slot
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One PCI Express x4 card slot
Removing and Installing PCI and PCI Express Cards
NOTE: Dell offers an optional customer kit for Audigy II and IEEE 1394 PCI add-in-cards that includes a front-mounted IEEE 1394 connector.
1.
If you are replacing a card, remove the current driver for the card from the operating system.
2.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
3.
Remove the computer cover.
4.
Push the two release tabs on the card retention door from the inside to pivot the door open. Because the door is captive, it will remain in the open
position.
5.
6.
7.
If your computer includes a card retention mechanism:
a.
Grasp the end of the card retention mechanism and, while pressing the release tab down with your thumb, rotate the mechanism towards the
base of the computer.
b.
Detach the mechanism from its retaining tabs and set it aside in a secure location.
If a "piano" bracket (for full-length PCI-E cards) is present on your computer, rotate it upward by pressing the tabs on the side of the bracket toward
each other.
If you are replacing or removing a card:
a.
If necessary, disconnect any cables connected to the card.
b.
Pull the securing tab (if present), grasp the card by its top corners, and ease it out of its connector.
c.
If you are not replacing the card, install a filler bracket in the empty card-slot opening.
NOTE: Installing filler brackets over empty card-slot openings is necessary to maintain FCC certification of the computer. The brackets also keep dust
and dirt out of your computer.
8.
If you are installing a new card, remove the filler bracket to create a card-slot opening
9.
Prepare the card for installation.
See the documentation that came with the card for information on configuring the card, making internal connections, or otherwise customizing it for your
computer.
CAUTION: Some network adapters automatically start the computer when they are connected to a network. To guard against electrical shock, be
sure to unplug your computer from its electrical outlet before installing any cards.
10.
Position the card so that it is aligned with the slot and (if present) the securing tab is aligned with the securing slot.
NOTICE: Ensure that you release the securing tab to seat the card. If the card is not installed correctly, you may damage the system board.
11.
Place the card in the connector and press down firmly. Ensure that the card is fully seated in the slot.
12.
13.
Ensure that:
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The tops of all cards and filler brackets are flush with the alignment bar.
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The notch in the top of the card or filler bracket fits around the alignment guide.
Close the card retention door by snapping it into place to secure the card(s).
NOTICE: Do not route card cables over or behind the cards. Cables routed over the cards can prevent the computer cover from closing properly or
cause damage to the equipment.
14.
If you installed a card, connect any cables that should be attached to the card.
See the documentation for the card for information about the card cable connections.
15.
If a card retention mechanism is present on your computer, reseat it in its tabs, and rotate it down until it snaps into place.
16.
If a "piano" bracket (for full-length PCI-E cards) is present on your computer, rotate it down into place.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug the cable into the computer.
17.
Replace the computer cover, reconnect the computer and devices to electrical outlets, and then turn them on.
18.
If you removed or installed a sound card or a network adapter, see "Network Adapter and Sound Card Settings."
19.
Add or remove drivers:
a.
If you removed a card, remove the current driver for the card from the operating system.
b.
If you installed a card, install any drivers required for the card as described in the card documentation.
Network Adapter and Sound Card Settings
If you installed a sound card:
1.
2.
Enter system setup, select Integrated Audio Controller, and then change the setting to Off.
Connect external audio devices to the sound card connectors. Do not connect external audio devices to the microphone, speaker/headphone, or line-in
connectors on the back panel.
If you removed a sound card:
1.
Enter system setup, select Integrated Audio Controller, and then change the setting to On.
2.
Connect external audio devices to the audio connectors on the back panel of the computer.
If you installed an add-in network adapter and want to disable the integrated network adapter:
1.
Enter system setup, select Integrated NIC Controller, and then change the setting to Off.
2.
Connect the network cable to the add-in network adapter connectors. Do not connect the network cable to the integrated connector on the back panel.
If you removed an add-in network connector:
1.
Enter system setup, select Integrated NIC Controller, and then change the setting to On.
2.
Connect the network cable to the integrated connector on the back panel of the computer.
Drive Panels
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before removing the cover.
Removing the Drive Panel
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Grasping the lever on the sliding plate, pull the sliding plate to the right and hold in place.
NOTE: The sliding plate secures and releases the drive panel and helps to secure the drives.
3.
Push from the inside and pivot the drive panel to the left to release the panel from its side hinges.
4.
Set the drive panel aside in a secure location.
Removing the Drive-Panel Insert
NOTICE: Drive-panel inserts may contain screws on the inside. You can attach the screws to new drives that do not have any screws.
NOTICE: To avoid breaking the drive-panel insert tab, do not pull the insert more than approximately 1 cm (½ inch) away from the drive panel before sliding the tab out of the slot.
1.
2.
On the inside of the drive panel, pinch the two drive-panel insert release tabs together and pull the insert out and to the right just enough to release it
from the drive panel.
Set the drive-panel insert aside in a secure location.
Replacing the Drive-Panel Insert
1.
Place the drive-panel insert tab into the drive-panel slot.
2.
Pinch the drive-panel insert release tabs and press the drive panel insert into place.
3.
Ensure that the drive-panel insert is correctly seated in the drive panel.
Replacing the Drive Panel
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Align the drive panel tabs with the side-door hinges.
3.
Rotate the drive panel toward the computer until the sliding plate lever clicks into place and the drive panel snaps into place on the front panel.
Drives
Your computer supports:
l
Two hard drives (Serial ATA)
l
One floppy drive
l
One flexbay drive
l
Two CD or DVD drives
Connecting Drive Cables
When you install a drive, you connect two cables—a DC power cable and a data cable—to the back of the drive and to the system board. Some CD/DVD drives
may also have an audio connector; one end of the audio cable will attach to the drive connector and the other will attach to the system board.
Connect hard drives to data connectors labeled "SATA" and connect CD/DVD drives to connectors labeled "IDE".
When you connect two IDE devices to a single IDE interface cable and configure them for the cable select setting, the device attached to the last connector on
the interface cable is primary or the boot device (drive 0), and the device attached to the middle connector on the interface cable is the secondary device
(drive 1). See the drive documentation in your upgrade kit for information on configuring devices for the cable select setting.
Drive Interface Connectors
Most interface connectors are keyed for correct insertion; that is, a notch or a missing pin on one connector matches a tab or a filled-in hole on the other
connector. Keyed connectors ensure that the pin-1 wire in the cable (indicated by the colored stripe along one edge of the IDE cable—serial ATA cables do not
use a colored stripe) goes to the pin-1 end of the connector. The pin-1 end of a connector on a board or a card is usually indicated by a silk-screened "1"
printed directly on the board or card.
NOTICE: When you connect an IDE interface cable, do not place the colored stripe away from pin 1 of the connector. Reversing the cable prevents the
drive from operating and could damage the controller, the drive, or both.
When connecting an IDE cable, ensure that you align the colored stripe with the pin 1 connector. When disconnecting an IDE cable, grasp the colored pull tab
and pull until the connector detaches.
When connecting and disconnecting a serial ATA cable, hold the cable by the connector at each end. Like IDE connectors, the serial ATA interface connectors
are keyed for correct insertion; that is, a notch or a missing pin on one connector matches a tab or a filled-in hole on the other connector.
Hard Drive CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before opening the cover.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the drive, do not set it on a hard surface. Instead, set the drive on a surface, such as a foam pad, that will sufficiently
cushion it.
1.
If you are replacing a hard drive that contains data you want to keep, back up your files before you begin this procedure.
2.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
3.
Remove the computer cover.
Removing a Hard Drive
1.
Disconnect the power and SATA data cables from the drive.
2.
Press the tabs on each side of the drive towards each other and slide the drive up and out.
Installing a Hard Drive
1.
Unpack the replacement hard drive, and prepare it for installation.
2.
Check the documentation for the drive to verify that the drive is configured for your computer.
3.
If your replacement hard drive does not have the hard drive bracket attached, remove the bracket from the old hard drive by unsnapping it from the
drive.
4.
Snap the hard drive bracket onto the replacement hard drive.
5.
Install the hard drive into the computer by sliding the drive into place until you feel it click into place.
6.
Connect the power and SATA data cables to the hard drive.
7.
Check all connectors to be certain that they are properly cabled and firmly seated.
8.
Close the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable in to the network port or device and then plug the cable in to the computer.
9.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
See the documentation that came with the hard drive for instructions about installing any software required for the operation of the hard drive.
10.
If the drive you just installed is the primary drive, insert bootable media into drive A.
11.
Turn on the computer.
12.
Enter system setup, and update the appropriate Primary Drive option (0 or 1).
13.
Exit system setup, and reboot the computer.
14.
Partition and logically format your drive before you proceed to the next step.
See the documentation for your operating system for instructions.
15.
Test the hard drive by running the Dell Diagnostics.
16.
If the drive you just installed is the primary drive, install your operating system on the hard drive.
Adding a Second Hard Drive
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before opening the cover.
NOTICE: To avoid damage to the drive, do not set it on a hard surface. Instead, set the drive on a surface, such as a foam pad, that will sufficiently
cushion it.
1.
Check the documentation for the drive to verify that it is configured for your computer.
2.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
3.
Press in on the tabs on each side of the hard drive bracket in the empty drive bay and slide the bracket up and out.
4.
Snap the hard drive bracket onto the new hard drive.
NOTICE: Do not install any drive into the lower hard-drive bay until you have removed the hard drive bracket from the inside of the hard drive bay.
5.
Slide the new hard drive into empty bay until you feel a click.
NOTE: If your replacement hard drive does not have the hard drive bracket attached, remove the bracket from the old hard drive by unsnapping it from
the drive. Snap the bracket onto the new hard drive.
6.
Gently slide the drive into place until you feel a click or feel the drive securely installed.
7.
Connect the power and SATA data cables to the drive.
8.
Check all connectors to be certain that they are properly cabled and firmly seated.
9.
Replace the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug it into the computer.
10.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
See the documentation that came with the drive for instructions on installing any software required for drive operation.
Floppy Drive
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before opening the cover.
NOTE: If you are adding a floppy drive, see "Installing a Floppy Drive."
Removing a Floppy Drive
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Remove the computer cover.
3.
Disconnect the power and floppy drive cables from the back of the floppy drive.
4.
Disconnect the other end of the floppy-drive cable from the system board
5.
Pull the sliding plate to the right and hold in place.
6.
Slide the floppy drive out of the floppy drive bay.
Installing a Floppy Drive
1.
If you are installing a new floppy drive, remove the shoulder screws from the inside of the drive-panel insert and attach the screws to the new drive.
2.
Slide the floppy drive into the floppy drive bay until the sliding plate clicks into place and the drive snaps into position.
3.
Attach the power and floppy-drive cables to the floppy drive.
4.
Connect the other end of the floppy-drive cable to the connector labeled "FLOPPY" on the system board. For more information on the system board, see
"System Board Components."
5.
Check all cable connections, and fold cables out of the way to provide airflow for the fan and cooling vents.
6.
Close the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable in to the network port or device and then plug it in to the computer.
7.
Connect your computer and devices to their electrical outlets, and turn them on.
See the documentation that came with the floppy drive for instructions on installing any software required for the operation of the drive.
8.
Enter system setup and select the appropriate Diskette Drive option.
9.
Verify that your computer works correctly by running the Dell Diagnostics.
Media Card Reader
Removing a Media Card Reader
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent static damage to components inside your computer, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer's electronic components. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Lay the computer on its side so that the system board is on the bottom of the inside of the computer.
3.
Remove the computer cover.
4.
Remove the drive panel.
5.
Disconnect the USB cable on the back of the Media Card Reader from the front panel USB connector on the system board (see "System Board
Components") and remove the cable from the clip on the shroud.
6.
While pushing on the back of the drive, remove the Media Card Reader by sliding and holding the sliding plate.
7.
Replace the drive panel.
8.
Replace the computer cover.
Installing a Media Card Reader
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent static damage to components inside your computer, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer's electronic components. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer chassis.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Lay the computer on its side so that the system board is on the bottom of the inside of the computer.
3.
Remove the computer cover.
4.
Remove the drive panel.
5.
Remove the Media Card Reader from its packaging and ensure that all four screws are included.
6.
Gently slide the drive into place until you feel a click or feel the drive securely installed.
Ensure that the Media Card Reader is installed before the FlexBay cable is connected.
7.
Connect the FlexBay USB cable to the back of the Media Card Reader and to the Media Card Reader connector on the system board (see "System Board
Components").
8.
Insert the Media Card Reader into the bay and slide the drive in to seat it in the computer.
9.
Route the USB cable through the cable routing clip.
10.
Replace the computer cover.
CD/DVD Drive
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before opening the cover.
Removing a CD/DVD Drive
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Remove the computer cover.
3.
Disconnect the power cable from the back of the drive and the CD/DVD drive cable from the back of the drive and the system board.
4.
Slide the drive release mechanism to the right to release the shoulder screw and slide the drive out to remove it from the drive bay.
Installing a CD/DVD Drive
1.
If you are installing a new drive, unpack the drive and prepare it for installation.
Check the documentation that accompanied the drive to verify that the drive is configured for your computer. If you are installing an IDE drive, configure
the drive for the cable select setting.
2.
If you are installing a new drive, remove the three shoulder screws from the inside of the drive- panel insert and attach the screws to the new drive.
3.
Slide the drive into the drive bay until the drive clicks into position.
4.
Connect the power cable to the drive and the CD/DVD cable to the drive and system board.
5.
If you are installing a new CD/DVD drive rather than replacing a drive, remove the front panel inserts.
6.
Check all cable connections, and fold cables out of the way to provide airflow for the fan and cooling vents.
7.
Close the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable in to the network port or device and then plug it in to the computer.
8.
Connect your computer and devices to their electrical outlets, and turn them on.
See the documentation that came with the drive for instructions on installing any software required for drive operation.
9.
10.
Enter system setup and select the appropriate Drive option.
Verify that your computer works correctly by running the Dell Diagnostics.
Power Supply
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
Removing the Power Supply
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Disconnect the DC power cables from the system board and the drives.
Note the routing of the DC power cables underneath the tabs in the computer frame as you remove them from the system board and drives. You must
route these cables properly when you replace them to prevent them from being pinched or crimped.
3.
Remove any cables from the cable routing clip on the power supply.
4.
Remove the four screws that attach the power supply to the back of the computer frame.
5.
Press the release button located on the floor of the computer frame.
1 release button
2 power supply
3 screws (4)
4 AC power connector
6.
Slide the power supply approximately 1 inch closer to the front of the computer.
7.
Lift the power supply out of the computer.
Replacing the Power Supply
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
1.
Slide the power supply into place.
2.
Replace the four screws that secure the power supply to the back of the computer frame.
3.
Reconnect the DC power cables.
4.
Connect the AC power cable to the connector.
5.
Run the cables underneath the clips, and press the clips to close them over the cables.
6.
Replace the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug the cable into the computer.
7.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
Processor
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
Removing the Processor
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Remove the computer cover.
3.
If your computer includes a card retention mechanism to secure the x16 card in place from the top:
4.
a.
Pivot the mechanism upward and gently press the release tab downward to release the mechanism from the two tab slots holding it in place.
b.
Set the retention mechanism aside in a secure location.
Use a long Phillips screwdriver to loosen the two captive screws on each side of the heat-sink assembly.
CAUTION: Despite having a plastic shield, the heat-sink assembly may be very hot during normal operation. Be sure that it has had sufficient time
to cool before you touch it.
5.
Rotate the heat-sink assembly toward the rear of the computer, and remove it from the computer.
1 heat sink and fan shroud assembly
2 captive screw housing (2)
NOTICE: If you are installing a processor upgrade kit from Dell, discard the original heat sink. If you are not installing a processor upgrade kit from Dell,
reuse the original heat sink when you install your new processor.
6.
Place your finger upon the hook end of the release lever, then push down and out to release it from the tab that secures it
1 processor cover
2 processor
3 socket
4 release lever
7.
Release the release lever and lift the processor cover.
NOTICE: When the release lever is freed, the processor may shift in place. Before securing the processor cover after it has been opened, ensure that
the notches on the processor are aligned with the notches on the socket.
NOTICE: When replacing the processor, do not touch any of the pins inside the socket or allow any objects to fall on the pins in the socket.
8.
Gently remove the processor from the socket.
Leave the release lever extended in the release position so that the socket is ready for the new processor.
Installing the Processor
NOTICE: Ground yourself by touching an unpainted metal surface on the back of the computer.
NOTICE: When replacing the processor, do not touch any of the pins inside the socket or allow any objects to fall on the pins in the socket.
1.
Unpack the new processor, being careful not to touch the underside of the processor.
NOTICE: You must position the processor correctly in the socket to avoid permanent damage to the processor and the computer when you turn on the
computer.
2.
If the release lever on the socket is not fully extended, move it to that position.
3.
Orient the front and rear alignment notches on the processor with the front and rear alignment notches on the socket.
4.
Align the pin-1 corners of the processor and socket.
1 processor cover
6 release lever
2 securing tab
7 front alignment notch
3 processor
8 socket and processor pin-1 indicator
4 processor socket
9 rear alignment notch
5 center cover latch NOTICE: To avoid damage, ensure that the processor aligns properly with the socket, and do not use excessive force when you install the processor.
5.
Set the processor lightly in the socket and ensure that the processor is positioned correctly.
6.
When the processor is fully seated in the socket, close the processor cover.
Ensure that the securing tab on the processor cover is positioned underneath the center cover latch on the socket.
7.
Pivot the socket release lever back toward the socket and snap it into place beneath the securing tab.
NOTICE: If you are not installing a processor upgrade kit from Dell, reuse the original heat-sink assembly when you replace the processor.
If you installed a processor replacement kit from Dell, return the original heat-sink assembly and processor to Dell in the same package in which your
replacement kit was sent.
8.
Install the heat-sink assembly:
a.
Place the heat-sink assembly back onto the heat-sink assembly bracket.
b.
Rotate the heat-sink assembly down towards the computer base and tighten the two capture screws.
NOTICE: Ensure that the heat sink is correctly seated and secure.
1 heat sink and fan shroud assembly
2 heat-sink assembly bracket
3 captive screw housing (2)
9.
Replace the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug the cable into the computer.
10.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
I/O Panel
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before opening the cover.
I/O-Panel Components
1 USB ports
2 diagnostic, hard-drive activity, and network lights
3 headphones connector
4 microphone connector
Removing the I/O Panel
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Remove the computer cover.
3.
If your computer includes a card retention mechanism to secure the x16 card in place from the top:
a.
Pivot the mechanism upward and gently press the release tab downward to release the mechanism from the two tab slots holding it in place.
b.
4.
Set the retention mechanism aside in a secure location.
Use a long Phillips screwdriver to loosen the two captive screws on each side of the heat-sink assembly.
CAUTION: Despite having a plastic shield, the heat-sink assembly may be very hot during normal operation. Be sure that it has had sufficient time
to cool before you touch it.
5.
Rotate the heat-sink assembly towards the rear of the computer, and remove it from the computer.
1 heat sink and fan shroud assembly
2 captive screw housing (2)
6.
Place the heat-sink assembly on its side in a safe place.
7.
Disconnect the system fan cable from the system board.
8.
Ensure that all cables have been removed from the routing clips on the top of the system fan assembly.
1 heat sink and fan shroud assembly
2 captive screw housing (2)
3 drive panel
9.
Lift the fan release lever, then slide the fan toward the back of the computer to release it from the bottom cover.
10.
Remove the fan from the computer.
11.
Disconnect the control-panel cable from the I/O panel connector by pulling with the cable loop.
12.
Remove the drive panel.
13.
If an optional sound card is installed, disconnect the cable from the edge of the I/O panel.
14.
If an optional IEEE 1394 cable is installed in the front port, remove the cable from the front of the computer by following the instructions that came with
the connector.
15.
Remove the mounting screw from the I/O panel.
16.
Remove the I/O panel from the computer.
Replacing the I/O Panel
Follow the removal procedure in reverse order, ensuring that the tabs on the top panel, bottom panel, and front panel are secure.
Battery
Replacing the Battery
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
NOTICE: To prevent static damage to components inside your computer, discharge static electricity from your body before you touch any of your
computer's electronic components. You can do so by touching an unpainted metal surface on the computer.
A coin-cell battery maintains computer configuration, date, and time information. The battery can last several years.
If you have to repeatedly reset time and date information after you have turned on the computer, replace the battery.
CAUTION: A new battery can explode if it is incorrectly installed. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.
To replace the battery:
1.
Record all the screens in system setup so that you can restore the correct settings in step 9.
2.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
3.
Remove the computer cover.
4.
Locate the battery socket.
NOTICE: If you pry the battery out of its socket with a blunt object, be careful not to touch the system board with the object. Ensure that the object is
inserted between the battery and the socket before you attempt to pry out the battery. Otherwise, you may damage the system board by prying off
the socket or by breaking circuit traces on the system board.
5.
Remove the battery by carefully prying it out of its socket with your fingers or with a blunt, nonconducting object such as a plastic screwdriver.
6.
Insert the new battery into the socket with the side labeled "+" facing up, and snap the battery into place.
7.
Replace the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug it into the computer.
8.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
9.
Enter system setup and restore the settings you recorded in step 1.
CAUTION: For instructions about how to safely dispose of a battery, see your Product Information Guide.
10.
Properly dispose of the old battery.
System Board
Removing the System Board
CAUTION: To guard against electrical shock, always unplug your computer from the electrical outlet before opening the cover.
NOTICE: Before touching anything inside your computer, ground yourself by touching an unpainted metal surface, such as the metal at the back of the
computer. While you work, periodically touch an unpainted metal surface to dissipate any static electricity that could harm internal components.
1.
2.
Shut down the computer through the Start menu.
Ensure that your computer and attached devices are turned off. If your computer and attached devices did not automatically turn off when you shut
down your computer, turn them off now.
NOTICE: To disconnect a network cable, first unplug the cable from your computer and then unplug it from the network port or device.
3.
Disconnect any telephone or telecommunication lines from the computer.
4.
Disconnect your computer and all attached devices from their electrical outlets, and then press the power button to ground the system board.
5.
Remove the computer cover.
6.
Remove any components that restrict access to the system board (CD/DVD drive(s), floppy drive, hard drive, I/O panel).
7.
Remove the heat-sink assembly and processor.
8.
Disconnect all cables from the system board.
1 system board
2 screws (10)
9.
Remove the 10 screws from the system board.
10.
Slide the system board assembly toward the front of the computer, and then lift the board away.
11.
Place the system board assembly that you just removed next to the replacement system board to ensure that it is identical.
Replacing the System Board
1.
Gently align the board into the chassis and slide it toward the back of the computer.
2.
Replace the screws on the system board.
3.
Replace any components and cables that you removed from the system board.
4.
Reconnect all cables to their connectors at the back of the computer.
5.
Replace the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug the cable into the computer.
6.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer.
NOTICE: A NOTICE indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the problem.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
If you purchased a Dell™ n Series computer, any references in this document to Microsoft® Windows® operating systems are not applicable.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2005 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and Dimension are trademarks of Dell Inc.; Intel, Pentium, and SpeedStep are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation;
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any
proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
Model DCTA
April 2005 Rev. A00
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Specifications
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Processor
Drives
Memory
Connectors
Computer Information
Controls and Lights
Video
Power
Audio
Physical
Expansion Bus
Environmental
Processor
Processor type
Intel® Pentium® 4 Socket-T with Hyper-Threading or
Dual-Core support
Cache
1 MB or 2 MB
Memory
Type
dual-channel 400-, 533-, and 667-MHz DDR2
Memory connectors
four
Memory capacities
256 MB, 512 MB, or 1 GB
Minimum memory
512 MB
Maximum memory
4 GB
BIOS address
F0000h
Computer Information
Chipset
Intel 945P
DMA channels
eight
Interrupt levels
24
BIOS chip (NVRAM)
4 Mb
NIC
integrated-network interface capable of 10/100
communication
System clock
800- or 1066-MHz data rate
Video
Type
PCI Express
Audio
Type
internal 7.1 channel or PCI option cards
Expansion Bus
Bus type
PCI 32 bit
PCI Express x1, x4, and x16
Bus speed
PCI 33 MHz
PCI Express 100 MHz
Bus throughput
PCI Express:
x1 slot bidirectional speed — 500 MB/s
x4 slot bidirectional speed — 2 GB/s
x16 slot bidirectional speed — 8 GB/s
PCI
connectors
three
connector size
120 pins
connector data width (maximum)
32 bits
PCI Express
connector
one x1
connector size
36 pins
connector data width (maximum)
1 PCI Express lane
PCI Express
connector
one x4
connector size
98 pins
connector data width (maximum)
4 PCI Express lanes
PCI Express
connector
one x16
connector size
164 pins
connector data width (maximum)
16 PCI Express lanes
Drives
Externally accessible:
two 3.5-inch drive bays (FlexBay)
two 5.25-inch drive bays
Available devices
serial ATA drives (2), floppy drive, USB memory
devices, CD drive, CD-RW drive, DVD drive, DVD-RW
drive, Media Card Reader, and DVD/CD-RW combo
drive
Internally accessible:
two 3.5-inch hard-drive bays
Connectors
External connectors:
IEEE 1394
one front-panel 6-pin serial connector (with optional
card)
Video
15-pin VGA connector
28-pin DVI connector
Network adapter
RJ-45 connector
USB
two front-panel and five back-panel USB 2.0compliant connectors
Audio
five back-panel connectors for line-in, line-out,
microphone, surround, and center/Low Frequency
Effects (LFE) channel; two front-panel connectors for
headphones/microphone
System board connectors:
Primary IDE drive
40-pin connector
Serial ATA
four 7-pin connectors
FlexBay Drive
USB 10-pin header for optional floppy drive or
optional Media Card Reader (3.5-inch bay devices)
Fan
two 3-pin and one 5-pin connector
PCI
three 120-pin connectors
PCI Express x1
36-pin connector
PCI Express x4
98-pin connector
PCI Express x16
164-pin connector
Controls and Lights
Power control
push button
Power light
green light — Blinking green in sleep state; solid
green for power-on state.
amber light — Blinking amber indicates a problem
with the power supply inside the computer. If the
system cannot boot and there is a solid amber light,
this indicates a problem with the system board (see
"Power Lights").
Hard-drive access light
green
Link integrity light (on integrated network adapter)
green light — A good connection exists between a
10-Mbps network and the computer.
orange light — A good connection exists between a
100-Mbps network and the computer.
off (no light) — The computer is not detecting a
physical connection to the network.
Activity light (on integrated network adapter)
yellow light — Blinking indicates activity on the
network.
Diagnostic lights
four lights on the front panel (see "Diagnostic
Lights")
Standby power light
AUXPWR on the system board
Power
DC power supply:
Wattage
375 W
Heat dissipation
1280 BTU/hr
Voltage (See the safety instructions in the
Product Information Guide for important voltage
setting information.)
90 to 135 V and 180 to 265 V at 50/60 Hz
Backup battery
3-V CR2032 lithium coin cell
Physical
Height
44.45 cm (17.5 inches)
Width
16.764 cm (6.6 inches)
Depth
44.45 cm (17.5 inches)
Weight
12.7 kg (28 lb)
Environmental
Temperature:
Operating
10° to 35°C (50° to 95°F)
Storage
–40° to 65°C (–40° to 149°F)
Relative humidity
20% to 80% (noncondensing)
Maximum vibration:
Operating
0.25 G at 3 to 200 Hz at 0.5 octave/min
Storage
0.5 G at 3 to 200 Hz at 1 octave/min
Maximum shock:
Operating
bottom half-sine pulse with a change in velocity of 20
inches/sec (50.8 cm/sec)
Storage
27-G faired square wave with a velocity change of
200 inches/sec (508 cm/sec)
Altitude:
Operating
–15.2 to 3048 m (–50 to 10,000 ft)
Storage
–15.2 to 10,668 m (–50 to 35,000 ft)
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
System Setup
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Clearing Forgotten Passwords
Clearing CMOS Settings
Overview
Use system setup as follows:
l
To change the system configuration information after you add, change, or remove any hardware in your computer
l
To set or change a user-selectable option such as the user password
l
To read the current amount of memory or set the type of hard drive installed
Before you use system setup, it is recommended that you write down the system setup screen information for future reference.
NOTICE: Unless you are an expert computer user, do not change the settings for this program. Certain changes can make your computer work
incorrectly.
Entering System Setup
1.
Turn on (or restart) your computer.
2.
When the blue DELL™ logo is displayed, you must watch for the F2 prompt to appear. 3.
Once this F2 prompt appears, press <F2> immediately.
NOTE: The F2 prompt indicates that the keyboard has initialized. This prompt can appear very quickly, so you must watch for it to display, and then
press <F2>. If you press <F2> before you are prompted, this keystroke will be lost.
4.
If you wait too long and the operating system logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Microsoft® Windows® desktop. Then, shut down your
computer and try again.
System Setup Screens
The system setup screen displays current or changeable configuration information for your computer. Information on the screen is divided into three areas: the
options list, active options field, and key functions.
Option Field — This field contains information
about each option. In this field you can view your
current settings and make changes to your
settings.
Use the right and left arrow keys to highlight an
option. Press <Enter> to make that selection
active.
Options List — This field appears on the left side of the system setup window. The field is a scrollable
list containing features that define the configuration of your computer, including installed hardware,
power conservation, and security features.
Scroll up and down the list with the up- and down-arrow keys. As an option is highlighted, the Option
Field displays more information about that option and the option's current and available settings. By
pressing <Enter> or the left and right arrow keys, you can toggle between a primary topic (collapsed)
and subtopics (expanded).
Key Functions — This field appears below the
Option Field and lists keys and their functions
within the active system setup field.
System Setup Options
NOTE: Depending on your computer and installed devices, the items listed in this section may not appear, or may not appear exactly as listed.
System
System Info
Displays the System name, BIOS Version number, Service Tag, Express Service Code, and Asset Tag.
Processor Info
Displays the following information for the processor installed in the system: Processor Type, Processor Clock Speed, Processor Bus
Speed, Processor Cache Size, Processor ID number, whether the processor is Hyperthreading or Multiple Core Capable, and if the
processor has 64-bit Technology.
Memory Info
Displays the amount of Installed Memory, Memory Speed, Memory Channel Mode, and a description of the Memory Technology. This
option also displays a table that describes the memory size, whether the memory module is ECC capable, single or dual rank, type, and
organization.
PCI Info
Displays the contents of each PCI slot.
Date/Time
Controls the system's internal calendar and clock.
Determines the order in which the system searches for boot devices during system startup.
Boot Sequence
NOTE: If you insert a boot device and restart the computer, this option appears in the system setup menu. To boot from a USB memory
device, select the USB device and move it so it becomes the first device in the list.
Drives
Enables and disables the floppy drives and sets read permission for the internal floppy drive. Off disables all floppy drives. USB enables
the USB floppy drive. Internal (the default setting) enables the internal floppy drive. Read Only enables the internal drive controller and
allows the internal floppy drive read-only permission.
Diskette Drive
NOTE: Operating systems with USB support will recognize USB floppy drives regardless of this setting.
SATA Drives 0
through 3
PATA Drives 0
through 1
Enables or disables a SATA device (such as a hard-drive). On (the default setting) enables the interface so that the device can be used.
Displays the Controller type (SATA), Port number the drive is using, Drive ID number, Capacity, Link Speed, and whether the drive is
controlled by the BIOS.
Enables or disables an ATA device (such as a CD or DVD drive). On (the default setting) enables the interface so that the device can be
used.
Displays the Controller type (ATA), Port number the drive is using, Drive ID number, Capacity, Link Speed, and whether the drive is
controlled by the BIOS.
Determines the integrated SATA controller's operating mode:
SATA Operation
RAID Autodetect/ AHCI (the default setting) – RAID if the drives are signed, otherwise AHCI
RAID Autodetect/ ATA – RAID if the drives are signed, otherwise ATA
RAID On – SATA is configured for RAID on every boot.
Combination – combination mode, which offers compatibility with versions of the operating system that do not support SATA drives.
Onboard Devices
Integrated NIC
Controller
You can set the NIC to On (default), Off, or On w/ PXE. When the On w/ PXE setting is active (available only for the future boot
process), the computer prompts you to press <Ctrl><Alt><b>. Pressing this key combination causes a menu to display that allows you
to select a method for booting from a network server. If a boot routine is not available from the network server, the computer attempts
to boot from the next device in the boot sequence list.
Integrated Audio
Controller
Enables or disables the onboard audio controller.
USB Controller
Set to On (default) so that USB devices will be detected and supported in the operating system.
This field enables and disables the internal USB for FlexBay.
Off = Internal USB for FlexBay is disabled.
On = Internal USB for FlexBay is enabled.
USB for FlexBay
No Boot = Internal USB for FlexBay is enabled but not bootable.
The factory default setting is No Boot.
NOTE: This USB option appears only if a FlexBay device is installed.
Video
This setting specifies which video controller is primary, PCI or PEG.
Primary Video
NOTE: This only applies to a PCI video controller installed in the 32-bit, 33 MHz, PCI expansion slot. Settings are reversed if a PCI video
controller is installed in a 64-bit PCIx expansion slot.
Performance
Multiple CPU Core
This setting specifies whether more than one core is enabled. The performance of some applications may improve with an additional
core enabled. The default is On (second core enabled).
SpeedStep
If applicable, Intel SpeedStep® appears in the Options List under Performance.
HyperThreading
If your computer processor supports Hyper-Threading, this option appears in the Options List (defaults to On).
l
l
l
l
Bypass (default) — Your computer does not test or change the current acoustics mode setting.
Quiet — The hard drive operates at its most quiet setting.
Suggested — The hard drive operates at the level suggested by the drive manufacturer.
Performance — The hard drive operates at its maximum speed.
HDD Acoustic Mode
NOTE: Switching to performance mode will cause the drive heads to move faster, causing the hard drive to be noisier. However, some
drives may not see an increase in data transfer rates.
NOTE: Changing the acoustics setting does not alter your hard drive image.
Security
This section displays available system security options.
Admin Password
Displays the current status of the system setup password security feature and allows a new system setup password to be assigned
and verified.
System Password
Displays the current status of the system's password security feature and allows a new system password to be assigned and verified.
Password Changes
This option locks the system password field with the setup password. When the field is locked, you can no longer disable password
security by pressing <Ctrl><Enter> when the computer starts. Also, a valid Admin password is required to change the system password
(defaults to Unlocked).
Execute Disable
Enables or disables Execute Disable memory protection technology. On is the default setting.
Power Management
AC Recovery
Determines what happens when AC power is restored to the computer. On restarts the computer when power is restored after an
outage. Last returns the computer to its last state before power was removed. Off is the default setting.
Sets the computer to automatically turn on. Choices are every day or every Monday through Friday.
Auto Power On
The default setting is Off.
This feature does not work if you turn off your computer using a power strip or surge protector.
Sets time to automatically turn on the computer.
Auto Power Time
Time is kept in the standard 12-hour format (hours:minutes). Change the startup time by pressing the right- or left-arrow key to
increase or decrease the numbers, or type numbers in both the date and time fields.
This feature does not work if you turn off your computer using a power strip or surge protector.
Suspend Mode
The options are S1, a suspend state where the computer is running in a low-power mode, and S3, a standby state where the power is
reduced or turned off for most components, however, system memory remains active.
Maintenance
SERR DMI Message
Some graphics cards require that the SERR DMI message be disabled. The default setting is On.
Asset Tag
Displays the system asset tag.
Owner Tag
Displays the system owner tag.
Load Defaults
When Continue is selected, this setting restores the computer's default settings. The default setting is Cancel.
Event Log
Displays the system event log.
POST Behavior
Fastboot
When set to On (default), your computer starts more quickly because it skips certain configurations and tests.
Numlock Key
This option involves the rightmost bank of keys on your keyboard. When set to On (default), this option activates the numeric and
mathematical features shown at the top of each key. When set to Off, this option activates the cursor-control functions labeled on the
bottom of each key.
POST Hotkeys
This option allows you to specify the function keys to display on the screen when the computer starts.
Keyboard Errors
This option enables or disables keyboard error reporting when the computer starts.
Boot Sequence
This feature allows you to change the boot sequence for devices.
Option Settings
l
Diskette Drive — The computer attempts to boot from the floppy drive. If the floppy in the drive is not bootable, the computer attempts to boot to the
hard drive.
l
Hard Drive — The computer attempts to boot from the primary hard drive. If no operating system is on the drive, the computer attempts to boot to the
next bootable device.
l
CD Drive — The computer attempts to boot from the CD drive. If no CD is in the drive, or if the CD has no operating system, the computer attempts to
boot to the next bootable device.
NOTE: The computer attempts to boot to all bootable devices but if no bootable device is found, the computer generates the No boot device available
error message. Press the <F1> key to retry the boot, or press the <F2> key to enter the setup utility.
l
USB Flash Device — Insert the memory device into a USB port and restart the computer. When F12 = Boot Menu appears in the upper-right corner of
the screen, press <F12>. The BIOS detects the device and adds the USB flash option to the boot menu.
NOTE: To boot to a USB device, the device must be bootable. To ensure that your device is bootable, check the device documentation.
Changing Boot Sequence for the Current Boot
You can use this feature, for example, to restart your computer to a USB device such as a floppy drive, memory key, or CD-RW drive.
NOTE: If you are booting to a USB floppy drive, you must first set the floppy drive to OFF in system setup.
1.
If you are booting to a USB device, connect the USB device to a USB connector (see "Back View of the Computer").
2.
Turn on (or restart) your computer.
3.
When F2 = Setup, F12 = Boot Menu appears in the upper-right corner of the screen, press <F12>.
If you wait too long and the operating system logo appears, continue to wait until you see the Microsoft Windows desktop. Then shut down your
computer and try again.
The Boot Device Menu appears, listing all available boot devices. Each device has a number next to it.
4.
At the bottom of the menu, enter the number of the device that is to be used for the current boot only.
For example, if you are booting to a USB memory key, highlight USB Flash Device and press <Enter>.
NOTE: To boot to a USB device, the device must be bootable. To make sure your device is bootable, check the device documentation.
Changing Boot Sequence for Future Boots
1.
Enter system setup.
2.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the Boot Sequence menu option and press <Enter> to access the menu.
NOTE: Write down your current boot sequence in case you want to restore it.
3.
Press the up- and down-arrow keys to move through the list of devices.
4.
Press the spacebar to enable or disable a device (enabled devices have a checkmark).
5.
Press plus (+) or minus (–) to move a selected device up or down the list.
Clearing Forgotten Passwords
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Locate the 3-pin password jumper (PSWD) on the system board, and remove the jumper plug from pins 1 and 2.
3.
Place the jumper plug on pins 2 and 3.
4.
Close the computer cover.
5.
Connect your computer and monitor to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
6.
After the Microsoft® Windows® desktop appears on your computer, shut down the computer.
7.
Turn off the monitor and disconnect it from the electrical outlet.
8.
Disconnect the computer power cable from the electrical outlet, and press the power button to ground the system board.
9.
Open the computer cover.
10.
Reattach the password jumper (PSWD) to pins 1 and 2 to re-enable the password feature.
11.
Close the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug it into the computer.
12.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
Clearing CMOS Settings
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
1.
Follow the procedures in "Before You Begin."
2.
Reset the current CMOS settings:
3.
a.
Locate the 3-pin CMOS jumper (RTCRST) on the system board (see "Clearing Forgotten Passwords").
b.
Remove the jumper plug from pins 1 and 2.
c.
Place the jumper plug on pins 2 and 3 and wait approximately five seconds.
d.
Replace the jumper plug on pins 1 and 2.
Close the computer cover.
NOTICE: To connect a network cable, first plug the cable into the network port or device and then plug it into the computer.
4.
Connect your computer and devices to electrical outlets, and turn them on.
Back to Contents Page
Back to Contents Page
Technical Overview
Dell™ Dimension™ 9100 Service Manual
Inside View of Your Computer
System Board Components
Power Supply DC Connector Pin Assignments
Inside View of Your Computer
CAUTION: Before you begin any of the procedures in this section, follow the safety instructions in the Product Information Guide.
System Board Components
Power Supply DC Connector Pin Assignments
DC Power Connector P1
Pin Number Signal Name Color
Wire Gauge
1
+3.3 VDC
Orange 18-AWG
2
+3.3 VDC
Orange 18-AWG
3
COM
Black
18-AWG
4
+5 VDC
Red
18-AWG
5
COM
Black
18-AWG
6
+5 VDC
Red
18-AWG
7
COM
Black
18-AWG
8
POK
Gray
18-AWG
9
+5 VFP
Purple
18-AWG
10
+12 VB DC
White
18-AWG
11
+12VB DC
White
18-AWG
12
+3.3 VDC
Orange 18-AWG
13
+3.3 VDC
Orange 18-AWG
14
-12 VDC
Blue
18-AWG
15
COM
Black
18-AWG
16
PS-ON
Green
18-AWG
17
COM
Black
18-AWG
18
COM
Black
18-AWG
19
COM
Black
18-AWG
20
N/C
N/C
18-AWG
21
+5 VDC
Red
18-AWG
22
+5 VDC
Red
18-AWG
23
+5 VDC
Red
18-AWG
24
COM
Black
18-AWG
DC Power Connector P2
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
COM
Black
2
COM
Black
3
+12 VA DC
Yellow
4
+12 VA DC
Yellow
DC Power Connect P3 and P5
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
+3.3 VDC
Orange
2
COM
Black
3
+5 VDC
Red
4
COM
Black
5
+12 VB DC
White
DC Power Connector P4
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
N/C
N/C
2
COM
Black
3
COM
Black
4
+3.3 VDC
Orange
5
+5 VDC
Red
6
+12A VDC
Yellow
DC Power Connector P7
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
+5 VDC
Red
2
COM
Black
3
COM
Black
4
+12 A VDC
Yellow
DC Power Connectors P8, P9, and P10
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
+12 VA DC
Yellow
2
COM
Black
3
COM
Black
4
+5V DC
Red
NOTE: The P10 connector is intended for use with PCI Express graphics cards that have power requirements exceeding 75 watts.
DC Power Connector P11
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
+12 VB DC
White
2
COM
Black
3
COM
Black
4
+5V DC
Red
DC Power Connector P12
Pin Number Signal Name 18-AWG Wire
1
+12 B VDC
White
2
+12 B VDC
White
3
+12 B VDC
White
4
COM
Black
5
COM
Black
6
COM
Black
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