User`s guide | Dell H310 Network Card User Manual

Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H310, H710,
H710P, and H810
User’s Guide
Regulatory Model: UCSA-801, UCSB-800, UCSM-800, UCPA-801,
UCPB-800, UCPM-800, and UCPE-800
Notes, Cautions, and Warnings
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of your computer.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates either potential damage to hardware or loss of data and tells you how to avoid the
problem.
WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potential for property damage, personal injury, or death.
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Business Machines Corporation.
2013 - 03
Rev. A02
Contents
1 Overview.......................................................................................................................................9
Supported Operating Systems................................................................................................................................10
Getting Help............................................................................................................................................................ 10
Contacting Dell................................................................................................................................................. 11
Related Documentation....................................................................................................................................11
Documentation Feedback................................................................................................................................ 11
2 Features...................................................................................................................................... 13
Physical Disk Power Management.........................................................................................................................13
Configured Spin Down Delay........................................................................................................................... 13
Types Of Virtual Disk Initialization.......................................................................................................................... 14
Background Initialization Of Virtual Disks........................................................................................................14
Full Initialization Of Virtual Disks...................................................................................................................... 14
Fast Initialization Of Virtual Disks.....................................................................................................................14
Consistency Checks................................................................................................................................................14
Disk Roaming.......................................................................................................................................................... 15
Using Disk Roaming..........................................................................................................................................15
FastPath.................................................................................................................................................................. 15
Configuring FastPath-Capable Virtual Disks.................................................................................................... 15
Virtual Disk Migration............................................................................................................................................. 16
Migrating Virtual Disks.....................................................................................................................................16
Virtual Disk Write Cache Policies...........................................................................................................................17
Write-Back And Write-Through.......................................................................................................................17
Conditions Under Which Write-Back Is Employed.......................................................................................... 17
Conditions Under Which Forced Write-Back With No Battery Is Employed................................................... 17
Virtual Disk Read Cache Policies............................................................................................................................18
Reconfiguration Of Virtual Disks.............................................................................................................................18
Fault Tolerance....................................................................................................................................................... 20
The SMART Feature................................................................................................................................................20
Automatic Replace Member With Predicted Failure....................................................................................... 20
Patrol Read............................................................................................................................................................. 21
Redundant Path Support (For PERC H810 Only)......................................................................................................21
Physical Disk Failure Detection.............................................................................................................................. 22
Using Persistent Hot Spare Slots............................................................................................................................22
Physical Disk Hot Swapping................................................................................................................................... 22
Using Replace Member And Revertible Hot Spares...............................................................................................22
Controller Cache Preservation............................................................................................................................... 23
Cache Preservation With Non-Volatile Cache (NVC)...................................................................................... 23
Recovering Cache Data................................................................................................................................... 23
Battery Transparent Learn Cycle............................................................................................................................23
TLC Time Frame................................................................................................................................................23
Conditions For Replacing The Battery..............................................................................................................23
3 Deploying The PERC Card........................................................................................................25
Removing The PERC Controller...............................................................................................................................25
Installing The PERC Controller................................................................................................................................27
Support For Internal Multiple Controllers...............................................................................................................28
Setting Up Redundant Path Support On The PERC H810 Adapter.......................................................................... 28
Reverting To Single Path Support From Redundant Path Support For PERC H810.................................................28
4 Driver Installation......................................................................................................................31
Pre-Installation Requirements For Windows Driver Installation............................................................................31
Creating The Device Driver Media For Windows Driver Installation..................................................................... 31
Downloading Drivers From The Dell Systems Service And Diagnostic Tools Media For Windows................31
Downloading Drivers From The Dell Support Website For Windows.............................................................. 32
Installing Driver During a Windows Server 2008/2008 R2 Installation............................................................. 32
Installing Windows Server 2008/2008 R2 For A New RAID Controller............................................................. 32
Updating Existing Windows Server 2008 Or Windows Server 2008 R2............................................................33
Updating The Linux Driver...................................................................................................................................... 33
Installing Or Updating The RPM Driver Package With DKMS Support........................................................... 34
Installing Or Updating The RPM Driver Package With KMOD Support........................................................... 34
Installing Or Updating The RPM Driver Package With KMP Support..............................................................34
5 Management Applications For PERC Cards......................................................................... 37
Dell OpenManage Storage Management...............................................................................................................37
BIOS Configuration Utility....................................................................................................................................... 37
Entering The BIOS Configuration Utility........................................................................................................... 37
Exiting The Configuration Utility....................................................................................................................... 38
Menu Navigation Controls............................................................................................................................... 38
Setting Up Virtual Disks....................................................................................................................................39
Virtual Disk Management....................................................................................................................................... 41
Creating Virtual Disks.......................................................................................................................................41
Selecting Virtual Disk Parameters................................................................................................................... 42
Converting Physical Disk To RAID Capable For PERC H310.............................................................................42
Converting Physical Disk To Non-RAID For PERC H310...................................................................................43
Initializing Virtual Disks.................................................................................................................................... 43
Checking Data Consistency............................................................................................................................. 43
Running A Data Consistency Check.................................................................................................................43
Importing Or Clearing Foreign Configurations Using The VD Mgmt Menu...................................................... 44
Importing Or Clearing Foreign Configurations Using The Foreign Configuration View Screen.......................44
Break Mirror.....................................................................................................................................................46
Managing Preserved Cache.............................................................................................................................46
Managing Dedicated Hot Spares.....................................................................................................................47
Deleting Virtual Disks....................................................................................................................................... 48
Deleting Disk Groups........................................................................................................................................48
Clearing The Configuration...............................................................................................................................48
BIOS Configuration Utility Menu Options............................................................................................................... 49
Virtual Disk Management (VD Mgmt)...............................................................................................................49
Virtual Disk Actions.......................................................................................................................................... 51
Physical Disk Management (PD Mgmt)........................................................................................................... 52
Physical Disk Actions.......................................................................................................................................52
Rebuild..............................................................................................................................................................53
Controller Management (Ctrl Mgmt)................................................................................................................ 53
Controller Management Actions...................................................................................................................... 53
Foreign Configuration View..............................................................................................................................54
Physical Disk Management.................................................................................................................................... 54
Setting LED Blinking......................................................................................................................................... 54
Creating Global Hot Spares..............................................................................................................................55
Removing Global Or Dedicated Hot Spares..................................................................................................... 55
Replacing An Online Physical Disk.................................................................................................................. 55
Restrictions and Limitations............................................................................................................................. 56
Stopping Background Initialization.................................................................................................................. 56
Performing A Manual Rebuild Of An Individual Physical Disk.........................................................................56
Controller Management..........................................................................................................................................57
Enabling Boot Support......................................................................................................................................57
Enabling Boot Support For A BIOS-Enabled Controller....................................................................................57
Enabling BIOS Stop On Error............................................................................................................................57
Enabling Auto Import........................................................................................................................................57
Disabling Auto Import.......................................................................................................................................58
Restoring Factory Default Settings.................................................................................................................. 58
UEFI RAID Configuration Utility...............................................................................................................................58
Entering The UEFI RAID Configuration Utility...................................................................................................58
Exiting The UEFI RAID Configuration Utility......................................................................................................59
Configuration Options.......................................................................................................................................59
Controller Management Menu.........................................................................................................................59
Virtual Disk Management.................................................................................................................................60
Physical Disk Management Menu................................................................................................................... 60
Enclosure Management................................................................................................................................... 60
6 CacheCade................................................................................................................................. 61
CacheCade Virtual Disk Characteristics.................................................................................................................61
Configuring And Managing CacheCade Virtual Disks............................................................................................ 61
CacheCade Virtual Disk Management............................................................................................................. 62
Creating CacheCade Virtual Disks................................................................................................................... 62
Deleting CacheCade Virtual Disks................................................................................................................... 63
Reconfiguring CacheCade Virtual Disks.......................................................................................................... 63
Automatic Reconfiguration Of CacheCade Virtual Disks................................................................................. 63
Manual Resizing Of CacheCade Virtual Disks..................................................................................................63
7 Security Key And RAID Management....................................................................................65
Security Key Implementation..................................................................................................................................65
Security Key Management In The BIOS Configuration Utility................................................................................ 65
Local Key Management (LKM).........................................................................................................................65
Creating A Security Key................................................................................................................................... 66
Changing The Security Key.............................................................................................................................. 66
Deleting A Security Key................................................................................................................................... 67
Creating Secured Virtual Disks........................................................................................................................ 67
Securing Pre-Existing Virtual Disks................................................................................................................. 67
Securing Pre-Existing Virtual Disks................................................................................................................. 68
Importing Or Clearing Secured Foreign Configurations And Secure Disk Migration...................................... 68
Instant Secure Erase........................................................................................................................................69
Troubleshooting Security Key Errors......................................................................................................................69
Secured Foreign Import Errors.........................................................................................................................69
Failure to Select Or Configure Non Self-Encrypting Disks (Non-SED).............................................................69
Failure To Delete Security Key.........................................................................................................................70
Failure To Instant Secure Erase Task On Physical Disks.................................................................................70
8 Troubleshooting.........................................................................................................................71
BIOS Error Messages............................................................................................................................................. 71
Discovery Error Message.................................................................................................................................71
Extra Enclosure Error Message....................................................................................................................... 71
Cache Data Lost Error Message...................................................................................................................... 71
Missing Disks In Virtual Disk Error Message...................................................................................................72
Previous Configuration Of Disks Removed Error Message..............................................................................72
Missing Virtual Disks Error Message...............................................................................................................72
Dirty Cache Data Error Message..................................................................................................................... 73
BIOS Disabled Error Message......................................................................................................................... 73
Drive Configuration Changes Error Message.................................................................................................. 73
Adapter At Baseport Not Responding Error Message.....................................................................................74
Offline Or Missing Virtual Drives With Preserved Cache Error Message........................................................74
Virtual Disks Offline Error Message................................................................................................................. 74
Virtual Disks Degraded Error Message............................................................................................................74
Virtual Disks Partially Degraded Error Message............................................................................................. 75
Memory Or Battery Problem Error Message................................................................................................... 75
Firmware Fault State Error Message............................................................................................................... 75
Foreign Configuration Found Error Message................................................................................................... 75
Foreign Configuration Not Found In <Ctrl> <R> Error Message...................................................................... 76
Previous Configuration Cleared Or Missing Error Message............................................................................76
Invalid SAS Topology Detected Error Message...............................................................................................76
Multibit ECC Errors Detected Error Messages.................................................................................................76
Configured Disks Removed Or Not Accessible Error Message.......................................................................77
Battery Discharged Or Disconnected Error Message..................................................................................... 77
Degraded State Of Virtual Disks............................................................................................................................. 77
Memory Errors........................................................................................................................................................78
Preserved Cache State...........................................................................................................................................78
General Issues........................................................................................................................................................78
PERC Card Has Yellow Bang In Device Manager............................................................................................ 78
PERC Card Not Seen In Device Manager........................................................................................................ 78
No Hard Drives Found Error Message During Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Installation..........................78
Physical Disk Issues............................................................................................................................................... 79
Physical Disk In Failed State............................................................................................................................ 79
Unable to Rebuild A Fault Tolerant Virtual Disk............................................................................................... 79
Fatal Error Or Data Corruption Reported..........................................................................................................79
Physical Disk Displayed As Blocked................................................................................................................79
Multiple Disks Become Inaccessible...............................................................................................................80
Rebuilding A Failed Physical Disk.................................................................................................................... 80
Virtual Disk Fails During Rebuild Using A Global Hot Spare............................................................................ 80
Virtual Disk Fails During Rebuild Using A Dedicated Hot Spare...................................................................... 80
Physical Disk Fails During Reconstruction On Redundant Virtual Disk........................................................... 81
Virtual Disk Fails Rebuild Using A Dedicated Hot Spare..................................................................................81
Physical Disk Takes A Long Time To Rebuild...................................................................................................81
SMART Errors......................................................................................................................................................... 81
Smart Error Detected On A Physical Disk In A Redundant Virtual Disk...........................................................81
Smart Error Detected On A Physical Disk In A Non-Redundant Virtual Disk...................................................82
Replace Member Errors..........................................................................................................................................82
Source Disk Fails During Replace Member Operation.................................................................................... 82
Target Disk Fails............................................................................................................................................... 82
General Disk Fails.............................................................................................................................................82
Linux Operating System Errors............................................................................................................................... 82
Virtual Disk Policy Is Assumed As Write-Through Error Message..................................................................82
Driver Does Not Auto-Build Into New Kernel.................................................................................................. 83
Unable To Register SCSI Device Error Message............................................................................................. 83
Disk Carrier LED Indicators.....................................................................................................................................84
9 Appendix: RAID Description....................................................................................................85
Summary Of RAID Levels........................................................................................................................................85
RAID Terminology................................................................................................................................................... 85
Disk Striping..................................................................................................................................................... 85
Disk Mirroring...................................................................................................................................................86
Spanned RAID Levels.......................................................................................................................................86
Parity Data........................................................................................................................................................86
1
Overview
The Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H310, H710, H710P, and H810 family of storage controller cards has the
following characteristics:
•
Complies with serial-attached SCSI (SAS) 2.0 providing up to 6 Gb/sec throughput.
•
Supports Dell-qualified serial-attached SCSI (SAS) hard drives, SATA hard drives, and solid-state drives (SSDs).
NOTE: Mixing SAS and SATA drives within a virtual disk is not supported. Also, mixing hard drives and
SSDs within a virtual disk is not supported.
NOTE: Mixing disks of different speeds (7,200 rpm, 10,000 rpm, or 15,000 rpm) and bandwidth (3 Gbps or 6
Gbps) PCIe while maintaining the same drive type (SAS or SATA) and technology (HDD or SSD) is
supported.
•
Offers RAID control capabilities which include support for RAID levels 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, and 60.
NOTE: PERC H310 supports RAID 5 with limited performance and does not support RAID 6 and RAID 60.
•
Provides reliability, high performance, and fault-tolerant disk subsystem management.
•
Offers Non-RAID support for direct access to disk drives (PERC H310 only).
NOTE: Operating systems can directly access Non-RAID hard drives. A Non-RAID hard drive is not faulttolerant and cannot be recovered if it fails. Only the PERC H310 controller allows configuration of disk
drives as Non-RAID.
The following table compares the hardware configurations for the PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards.
Table 1. PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 Cards Hardware Configurations
Specification
H310
H710
H710P
H810
RAID Levels
0, 1, 5, 10, 50
0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60
0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60
0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, 60
Enclosures Per Port
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Not Applicable
Up to four enclosures
Processor
Dell Adapter SAS
RAID-on- Chip, 8port with LSI 2008
chipset
Dell Adapter SAS
RAID-on- Chip, 8port with LSI 2008
chipset
Dell Adapter SAS RAID- Dell Adapter SAS RAIDon- Chip, 8-port with
on- Chip, 8-port with LSI
LSI 2008 chipset
2008 chipset
Backup Battery Unit No
(BBU)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Non-Volatile Cache
Not Applicable
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cache Memory
Not Applicable
512 MB DDR3 800
Mhz
1 GB DDR3 1333 Mhz
1 GB DDR3 1333 Mhz
Cache Function
Not Applicable
Write Back, Write
Through, Adaptive
Read Ahead, No
Read Ahead, Read
Ahead
Write Back, Write
Through, Adaptive
Read Ahead, No Read
Ahead, Read Ahead
Write Back, Write
Through, Adaptive Read
Ahead, No Read Ahead,
Read Ahead
9
Specification
H310
H710
H710P
H810
Maximum number of 8
spans per Disk
Group
8
8
8
Maximum number of 16
Virtual Disks per
Disk Group
16
16
16
Online Capacity
Expansion
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Dedicated and
Global Hot Spares
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Hot Swap Devices
Supported
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Hardware XOR
Engine
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Redundant Path
Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Supported Operating Systems
The PERC H310, H710, and H710P cards support the following operating systems:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 including Hyper-V virtualization
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 and later
•
Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 5.8 and later (32-bit and 64-bit)
•
Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 6.2 and later (64-bit)
•
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server version 10 SP4 (64-bit)
•
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server version 11 SP2 (64-bit)
•
VMware ESX 4.1 and ESXi 4.1 Update 2 and later
•
VMware ESXi 5.0 and later
NOTE: For the latest list of supported operating systems and driver installation instructions, see the system
documentation at dell.com/support/manuals. For specific operating system service pack requirements, see
the Drivers and Downloads section at dell.com/support/manuals.
Getting Help
10
Contacting Dell
NOTE: Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options. If you do not have an active
Internet connection, you can find contact information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product
catalog. Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be available in your area.
To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or customer-service issues:
1.
Go to dell.com/contactdell.
2.
Select your country or region from the interactive world map.
When you select a region, the countries for the selected regions are displayed.
3.
Select the appropriate language under the country of your choice.
4.
Select your business segment.
5.
Select the appropriate option depending on your requirement.
The main support page for the selected business segment is displayed.
Related Documentation
NOTE: For all storage controllers and PCIe SSD documents, go to dell.com/support/manuals, then, Choose from a
list of all Dell products → Servers, Storage & Networking → Dell Adapters .
NOTE: For all Dell OpenManage documents, see dell.com/support/manuals, then, Choose from a list of all Dell
products → Software, Electronics & Peripherals → Software → Enterprise System Management .
NOTE: For all operating system documents, go to dell.com/support/manuals, then, Choose from a list of all Dell
products → Software, Electronics & Peripherals → Software → Operating System .
NOTE: For all PowerEdge and PowerVault documentation, go to dell.com/support/manuals and enter the system
service tag to get your system documentation.
•
Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H310, H710, H710P, and H810 User's Guide—Discusses features,
installation, management and troubleshooting of PERC cards.
•
Product-specific Dell PowerVault Owner's Manual—Discusses features, repair, management of PowerVault
system.
•
Product-specific Dell PowerEdge Owner's Manual—Discusses features, repair, management of PowerEdge
system.
Documentation Feedback
If you have feedback for this document, write to documentation_feedback@dell.com. Alternatively, you can click on the
Feedback link in any of the Dell documentation pages, fill up the form, and click Submit to send your feedback.
11
12
2
Features
Some of the features discussed for PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards are:
•
Physical Disk Power Management
•
Types of Virtual Disk Initialization
•
Consistency Checks
•
Disk Roaming
•
Fast Path
•
Virtual Disk Migration
•
Reconfiguration Of Virtual Disks
•
Fault Tolerance
•
Patrol Read
Physical Disk Power Management
Physical disk power management is a power saving feature of the PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards. The feature
allows disks to be spun down based on disk configuration and I/O activity. The feature is supported on all rotating SAS
and SATA disks and includes unconfigured, configured and  hot-spare disks. The physical disk power management
feature is disabled by default. The feature can be enabled in the Dell Open Manage Storage Management application
using the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) RAID Configuration utility. For more information, see the Dell
OpenManage documentation at dell.com/support/manuals.
There are four power saving modes available:
No Power
Savings (default
mode)
All power savings features are disabled.
Balanced Power
Savings
Spin down is enabled only for unconfigured and hot spare disks.
Maximum Power
Savings
Spin down is enabled for configured, unconfigured and hot spare disks.
Customized
Power Savings
All power savings features are customizable. You can specify a Quality of Service window
during which the configured disks are excluded from spin-down.
Configured Spin Down Delay
NOTE: The Configured Spin Down Delay option is not applicable for the No Power Savings mode.
The amount of time to wait before spinning down disks can be set using Configured Spin Down Delay. The minimum
value of the timer is 30 minutes (default) and the maximum is one day. Disks are spun down automatically and spun up
when accessed. All disks are spun up on reboot.
13
NOTE: There is a delay to I/O operations when a configured disk is being spun up.
Types Of Virtual Disk Initialization
You can initialize the virtual disks as described in the following sections:
CAUTION: The initializing virtual disks task erases the files and file systems while keeping the virtual disk
configuration intact. Initializing a virtual disk destroys all data on the virtual disk.
NOTE: The initialization operations mentioned here are not applicable for  Non-RAID disks.
Background Initialization Of Virtual Disks
Background Initialization (BGI) is an automated process that writes the parity or mirror data on newly created virtual
disks. BGI does not run on RAID 0 virtual disks. You can control the BGI rate in the Dell OpenManage storage
management application. Any change in the BGI rate does not take effect until the next BGI run.
NOTE: You cannot disable BGI permanently. If you cancel BGI, it automatically restarts within five minutes. For
information on stopping BGI, see the topic Stopping Background Initialization.
NOTE: Unlike full or fast initialization of virtual disks, background initialization does not clear data from the physical
disks.
NOTE: CC/BGI typically causes some loss in performance until the operation completes.
Consistency Check (CC) and BGI perform similar functions in that they both correct parity errors. However, CC reports
data inconsistencies through an event notification, but BGI does not. You can start CC manually, but not BGI.
Full Initialization Of Virtual Disks
Performing a full initialization on a virtual disk overwrites all blocks and destroys any data that previously existed on the
virtual disk. Full initialization of a virtual disk eliminates the need for the virtual disk to undergo a BGI. Full initialization
can be performed after the creation of a virtual disk.
During full initialization, the host is not able to access the virtual disk. You can start a full initialization on a virtual disk by
using the Slow Initialize option in the Dell OpenManage storage management application. For more information on using
the BIOS Configuration Utility to perform a full initialization, see the topic Initializing Virtual Disks.
NOTE: If the system reboots during a full initialization, the operation aborts and a BGI begins on the virtual disk.
Fast Initialization Of Virtual Disks
A fast initialization on a virtual disk overwrites the first and last 8 MB of the virtual disk, clearing any boot records or
partition information. The operation takes only 2–3 seconds to complete and is recommended when you are recreating
virtual disks. To perform a fast initialization using the BIOS Configuration Utility, see the topic Initializing Virtual Disks
Consistency Checks
Consistency Check (CC) is a background operation that verifies and corrects the mirror or parity data for fault tolerant
virtual disks. It is recommended that you periodically run a consistency check on virtual disks.
You can manually start a CC using the BIOS Configuration Utility or the Dell OpenManage storage management
application. You can schedule CC to run on virtual disks using a Dell OpenManage storage management application. To
start a CC using the BIOS Configuration Utility, see the topic Checking Data Consistency.
14
Disk Roaming
Disk roaming is moving the physical disks from one cable connection or backplane slot to another on the same
controller. The controller automatically recognizes the relocated physical disks and logically places them in the virtual
disks that are part of the disk group. You can perform disk roaming only when the system is turned off.
CAUTION: Do not attempt disk roaming during RAID level migration (RLM) or online capacity expansion (OCE). This
causes loss of the virtual disk.
Using Disk Roaming
Perform the following steps to use disk roaming:
1.
Turn off the power to the system, physical disks, enclosures, and system components.
2.
Disconnect power cables from the system.
3.
Move the physical disks to desired positions on the backplane or the enclosure.
4.
Perform a safety check. Make sure the physical disks are inserted properly.
5.
Turn on the system.
The controller detects the RAID configuration from the configuration data on the physical disks.
FastPath
FastPath is a feature that improves application performance by delivering high I/O per second (IOPs). The Dell
PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H710P and H810 cards support FastPath.
FastPath is a further enhancement of the Cut Through IO (CTIO) feature, introduced in PERC H700 and PERC H800, to
accelerate IO performance by reducing the IO processing overhead of the firmware. CTIO reduces the instruction count
required to process a given IO. It also ensures that the optimal IO code path is placed close to the processor to allow
faster access when processing the IO.
Under specific conditions with FastPath, the IO by-passes the controller cache and is committed directly to the physical
disk from the host memory, through the second core of the dual-core RAID-on-Chip (ROC) on the controller. FastPath
and CTIO are both ideal for random workloads with small blocks.
NOTE: The PERC H310 and PERC H710 do not support FastPath.
Both CTIO and FastPath provide enhanced performance benefits to SSD volumes, as they can fully capitalize on the
lower access times and latencies of these volumes.
FastPath provides IO performance benefits to rotational HDD-based volumes configured with Write Through and No
Read Ahead cache policies, specifically for read operations across all RAID levels and write operations for RAID 0.
Configuring FastPath-Capable Virtual Disks
All simple virtual disks configured with write cache policy Write Through and read cache policy No Read Ahead can
utilize FastPath. Only IO block sizes smaller than virtual disk’s stripe size are eligible for FastPath. In addition, there
should be no background operations (rebuild, initialization) running on the virtual disks. FastPath will not be used if these
operations are active.
NOTE: RAID 10, RAID 50, and RAID 60 virtual disks cannot use FastPath.
The following table summarizes the FastPath-eligibility of read and write IOs across the supported RAID levels.
15
Table 2. FastPath Eligibility Across Supported RAID Levels
Read
Write
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 5
RAID 6
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
(Optimal and
Degraded)
(Optimal and Degraded) (Optimal and Degraded)
No
No
Yes
No
In addition, FastPath-capable virtual disks are characterized by the following:
•
The presence of CacheCade virtual disks on a controller disables the FastPath capability of all eligible HDD
virtual disks. Eligible SSD virtual disks are still FastPath-capable.
•
Secured virtual disks are not FastPath-capable.
•
The Physical Disk Power Management feature is not applicable to FastPath-capable virtual disks.
•
The addition or removal of a redundant path does not affect the FastPath-capability of virtual disks.
Virtual Disk Migration
The PERC H710, H710P, and H810 cards support migration of virtual disks from one controller to another without taking
the target controller offline. The controller can import RAID virtual disks in optimal, degraded, or partially degraded
states. You cannot import a virtual disk that is in an offline state. Disk migration pointers:
•
Supports migration of VDs from PERC H700 and H800 to PERC H710P and H810
•
Supports migration of volumes created within H710, H710P, or H810
•
Supports migration of volumes created on H310 to H710, H710P, or H810
•
Does not support migration from H700 or H800 to H310
•
Does not support migration from H710, H710P, or H810 to H310
•
Does not support backward migration from H310, H710, H710P, H810 to H800 and H700
NOTE: The source controller must be offline prior to performing the disk migration.
NOTE: Disks cannot be migrated to older revisions or generations of the PERC cards.
NOTE: Non-RAID disks are supported only on the PERC H310 controller. Migration to any other PERC product is not
supported.
NOTE: Importing secured virtual disks is supported as long as the appropriate key (LKM) is supplied or configured.
When a controller detects a physical disk with an existing configuration, it flags the physical disk as foreign, and
generates an alert indicating that a foreign disk was detected.
CAUTION: Do not attempt disk roaming during RLM or OCE. This causes loss of the virtual disk.
Migrating Virtual Disks
To migrate virtual disks from PERC H700 or H800 to PERC H710, H710P, or H810:
1.
Turn off the system.
2.
Move the appropriate physical disks from the PERC H700 or H800 card to the PERC H710, H710P, or H810 card.
NOTE: If you are replacing your PERC H700 or H800 with a PERC H710, H710P, or H810 card, see the Owner’s
Manual of your system at support.dell.com/manuals.
16
3.
Boot the system and import the foreign configuration that is detected. You can do one of the following:
–
Press <F> to automatically import the foreign configuration.
–
Enter the BIOS Configuration Utility and navigate to the Foreign Configuration View.
NOTE: For more information on accessing the BIOS Configuration Utility, see the topic Entering The BIOS
Configuration Utility.
NOTE: For more information on Foreign Configuration View, see the topic Foreign Configuration View.
4.
Exit the BIOS Configuration Utility and reboot the system.
5.
Ensure that all the latest drivers for the PERC H710, H710P, or H810 card (available at support.dell.com) are
installed.
For more information, see the topic Driver Installation.
Virtual Disk Write Cache Policies
NOTE: PERC H310 only supports Write-Through mode.
The write cache policy of a virtual disk determines how the controller handles writes to the virtual disk. Write-Back and
Write-Through are the two write cache policies that can be set on virtual disks individually.
All RAID volumes are presented as Write-Through to the operating system (Windows and Linux) independent of the
actual write cache policy of the virtual disk. The PERC cards manage the data in cache independently of the operating
system or any applications.
NOTE: Use the Dell OpenManage storage management application or the BIOS Configuration Utility to view and
manage virtual disk cache settings.
Write-Back And Write-Through
In Write-Through caching, the controller sends a data transfer completion signal to the host system when the disk
subsystem has received all the data in a transaction.
In Write-Back caching, the controller sends a data transfer completion signal to the host when the controller cache has
received all the data in a transaction. The controller then writes the cached data to the storage device in the
background.
The risk of using Write-Back cache is that the cached data can be lost if there is a power failure before it is written to
the storage device. This risk is mitigated by using a Non-Volatile Cache on the PERC H710, H710P or H810 card.
NOTE: The default cache setting for virtual disks is Write-Back caching.
NOTE: Certain data patterns and configurations perform better with a Write-Through cache policy.
Conditions Under Which Write-Back Is Employed
Write-Back caching is used under all conditions in which the battery is present and in good condition.
Conditions Under Which Forced Write-Back With No Battery Is Employed
CAUTION: It is recommended that you use a power backup system when forcing Write-Back to ensure there is no
loss of data if the system suddenly loses power.
Write-Back mode is available when you select Force WB with no battery. When Forced Write-Back mode is selected,
the virtual disk is in Write-Back mode even if the battery is not present.
17
Virtual Disk Read Cache Policies
The read policy of a virtual disk determines how the controller handles reads to that virtual disk. The read policies are:
•
Always Read Ahead—Allows the controller to read sequentially ahead of requested data and to store the
additional data in cache memory, anticipating that the data is required soon. This speeds up reads for sequential
data, but there is little improvement when accessing random data.
•
No Read Ahead—Disables the Read-Ahead capability.
•
Adaptive Read Ahead—Begins using Read-Ahead if the two most recent disk accesses occurred in sequential
sectors. If the read requests are random, the controller reverts to No Read Ahead mode.
NOTE: The default read cache setting for virtual disks is Adaptive Read Ahead.
Reconfiguration Of Virtual Disks
An online virtual disk can be reconfigured in ways that expands its capacity and/or change its RAID level.
NOTE: Spanned virtual disks such as RAID 10, 50, and 60 cannot be reconfigured.
NOTE: Reconfiguring Virtual Disks typically impacts disk performance until the reconfiguration operation is
complete.
Online Capacity Expansion (OCE) can be done in two ways:
•
If there is a single virtual disk in a disk group and free space is available, the virtual disk’s capacity can be
expanded within that free space.
•
If a virtual disk is created and it does not use the maximum size of the disk group, free space is available.
Free space is also available when a disk group’s physical disks are replaced by larger disks using the Replace Member
feature. A virtual disk's capacity can also be expanded by performing an OCE operation to add more physical disks.
RAID Level Migration (RLM) refers to changing a virtual disk’s RAID level. Both RLM and OCE can be done at the same
time so that a virtual disk can simultaneously have its RAID level changed and its capacity increased. When a RLM/OCE
operation is complete, a reboot is not required. See the following table for a list of RLM/OCE possibilities. The source
RAID level column indicates the virtual disk RAID level before the RLM/OCE and the target RAID level column indicates
the RAID level after the operation has completed.
NOTE: If the controller already contains the maximum number of virtual disks, you cannot perform a RAID level
migration or capacity expansion on any virtual disk.
NOTE: The controller changes the write cache policy of all virtual disks undergoing a RLM/OCE to Write-Through
until the RLM/OCE is complete.
Table 3. RAID Level Migration
Source RAID
Level
Target RAID Level Number of
Physical Disks
(Beginning)
Number of
Physical Disks
(End)
Capacity
Expansion
Possible
Description
RAID 0
RAID 0
1
2 or more
Yes
Increases
capacity by
adding disks
RAID 0
RAID 1
1
2
No
Converts nonredundant virtual
18
Source RAID
Level
Target RAID Level Number of
Physical Disks
(Beginning)
Number of
Physical Disks
(End)
Capacity
Expansion
Possible
Description
disk into a
mirrored virtual
disk by adding
one disk.
RAID 0
RAID 5
1 or more
3 or more
Yes
At least one disk
needs to be
added for
distributed parity
data.
RAID 0
RAID 6
1 or more
4 or more
Yes
At least two disks
need to be added
for dual
distributed parity
data.
RAID 1
RAID 0
2
2 or more
Yes
Removes
redundancy while
increasing
capacity.
RAID 1
RAID 5
2
3 or more
Yes
Maintains
redundancy while
doubling capacity.
RAID 1
RAID 6
2
4 or more
Yes
Two disks
required to be
added for
distributed parity
data.
RAID 5
RAID 0
3 or more
3 or more
Yes
Converts to a nonredundant virtual
disk and reclaims
disk space used
for distributed
parity data.
RAID 5
RAID 5
3 or more
4 or more
Yes
Increases
capacity by
adding disks
RAID 5
RAID 6
3 or more
4 or more
Yes
At least one disk
needs to be
added for dual
distributed parity
data.
RAID 6
RAID 0
4 or more
4 or more
Yes
Converts to a nonredundant virtual
disk and reclaims
19
Source RAID
Level
Target RAID Level Number of
Physical Disks
(Beginning)
Number of
Physical Disks
(End)
Capacity
Expansion
Possible
Description
disk space used
for distributed
parity data.
RAID 6
RAID 5
4 or more
4 or more
Yes
Removes one set
of parity data and
reclaims disk
space used for it.
RAID 6
RAID 6
4 or more
5 or more
Yes
Increases
capacity by
adding disks.
NOTE: The total number of physical disks in a disk group cannot exceed 32. You cannot perform RAID level
migration and expansion on RAID levels 10, 50, and 60.
Fault Tolerance
The list of features of the PERC cards that provide fault tolerance to prevent data loss is as follows:
•
Support for Self Monitoring and Reporting Technology (SMART)
•
Support for Patrol Read
•
Redundant path support (for PERC H810 only)
•
Physical disk failure detection
•
Physical disk rebuild using hot spares
•
Controller Cache Preservation
•
Battery and Non-Volatile Cache backup of controller cache to protect data
•
Detection of batteries with low charge after boot up
The next sections describe some methods to achieve fault tolerance.
The SMART Feature
The SMART feature monitors certain physical aspects of all motors, heads, and physical disk electronics to help detect
predictable physical disk failures. SMART-compliant physical disks have attributes for which data can be monitored to
identify changes in values and determine whether the values are within threshold limits. Many mechanical and
electrical failures display some degradation in performance before failure.
A SMART failure is also referred to as a predicted failure. There are numerous factors that relate to predicted physical
disk failures, such as a bearing failure, a broken read/write head, and changes in spin-up rate. In addition, there are
factors related to read/write surface failure, such as seek error rate and excessive bad sectors.
NOTE: For detailed information on SCSI interface specifications, see t10.org and for detailed information on SATA
interface specifications, see t13.org.
Automatic Replace Member With Predicted Failure
A Replace Member operation can occur when there is a SMART predictive failure reporting on a physical disk in a
virtual disk. The automatic Replace Member is initiated when the first SMART error occurs on a physical disk that is part
20
of a virtual disk. The target disk needs to be a hot spare that qualifies as a rebuild disk. The physical disk with the
SMART error is marked as failed only after the successful completion of the Replace Member. This avoids putting the
array in degraded status.
If an automatic Replace Member occurs using a source disk that was originally a hot spare (that was used in a rebuild),
and a new disk added for the Replace Member operation as the target disk, the hot spare reverts to the hot spare state
after a successful Replace Member operation.
NOTE: To enable the automatic Replace Member, use the Dell OpenManage storage management application. For
more information on automatic Replace Member, see the topic Dell OpenManage Storage Management. For
information on manual Replace Member, see the topic Replacing An Online Physical Disk.
Patrol Read
The Patrol Read feature is designed as a preventative measure to ensure physical disk health and data integrity. Patrol
Read scans for and resolves potential problems on configured physical disks. The Dell OpenManage storage
management application can be used to start Patrol Read and change its behavior.
The following is an overview of Patrol Read behavior:
•
Patrol Read runs on all disks on the controller that are configured as part of a virtual disk, including hot spares.
•
Patrol Read does not run on physical disks that are not part of a virtual disk or are in Ready state.
•
Patrol Read adjusts the amount of controller resources dedicated to Patrol Read operations based on
outstanding disk I/O. For example, if the system is busy processing I/O operation, then Patrol Read uses fewer
resources to allow the I/O to take a higher priority.
•
Patrol Read does not run on any disks involved in any of the following operations:
–
Rebuild
–
Replace Member
–
Full or Background Initialization
–
CC
–
RLM or OCE
NOTE: By default, Patrol Read automatically runs every seven days on configured SAS and SATA hard
drives. Patrol Read is not necessary on SSD and is disabled by default.
For more information on Patrol Read, see the Dell OpenManage documentation at dell.com/support/manuals.
Redundant Path Support (For PERC H810 Only)
The PERC H810 adapter can detect and use redundant paths to disks contained in enclosures. This provides the ability to
connect two SAS cables between a controller and an enclosure for path redundancy. The controller is able to tolerate
the failure of a cable or Enclosure Management Module (EMM) by utilizing the remaining path.
When redundant paths exist, the controller automatically balances I/O load through both paths to each disk. Load
balancing increases throughput to virtual disks in storage enclosures and is automatically turned on when redundant
paths are detected. The ability to load balance I/O can be disabled using the Dell OpenManage storage management
application.
To set up your hardware to support redundant paths, see the topic Setting Up Redundant Path Support On The PERC
H810 Adapter.
NOTE: This support for redundant paths refers to path-redundancy only and not to controller-redundancy.
21
Physical Disk Failure Detection
Failed physical disks are detected and rebuilds automatically start to new disks that are inserted into the same slot.
Automatic rebuilds can also happen transparently with hot spares. If you have configured hot spares, the controllers
automatically try to use them to rebuild failed physical disks.
Using Persistent Hot Spare Slots
NOTE: The persistent hot spare slot feature is disabled by default.
The PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards can be configured so that the system backplane or storage enclosure disk
slots are dedicated as hot spare slots. This feature can be enabled using the Dell OpenManage storage management
application.
Once enabled, any slots with hot spares configured automatically become persistent hot spare slots. If a hot spare disk
fails or is removed, a replacement disk that is inserted into the same slot automatically becomes a hot spare with the
same properties as the one it is replacing. If the replacement disk does not match the disk protocol and technology, it
does not become a hot spare.
For more information on persistent hot spares, see the Dell OpenManage documentation at dell.com/support/manuals.
Physical Disk Hot Swapping
NOTE: To check if the backplane supports hot swapping, see the Owner’s Manual of your system.
Hot swapping is the manual replacement of a disk while the PERC H310, H710, H710P, or H810 cards are online and
performing their normal functions. The following requirements must be met before hot swapping a physical disk:
•
The system backplane or enclosure must support hot swapping for the PERC H310, H710, H710P or H810 cards to
support hot swapping.
•
The replacement disk must be of the same protocol and disk technology. For example, only a SAS hard drive can
replace a SAS hard drive; only a SATA SSD can replace a SATA SSD.
•
The replacement disk must be of equal or greater capacity than the one it is replacing.
Using Replace Member And Revertible Hot Spares
The Replace Member functionality allows a previously commissioned hot spare to be reverted to a usable hot spare.
When a disk failure occurs within a virtual disk, an assigned hot spare (dedicated or global) is commissioned and begins
rebuilding until the virtual disk is optimal. After the failed disk is replaced (in the same slot) and the rebuild to the hot
spare is complete, the controller automatically starts to copy data from the commissioned hot spare to the newlyinserted disk. After the data is copied, the new disk is a part of the virtual disk and the hot spare is reverted to being a
ready hot spare. This allows hot spares to remain in specific enclosure slots. While the controller is reverting the hot
spare, the virtual disk remains optimal.
NOTE: The controller automatically reverts a hot spare only if the failed disk is replaced with a new disk in the
same slot. If the new disk is not placed in the same slot, a manual Replace Member operation can be used to revert
a previously commissioned hot spare.
NOTE: A Replace Member operation typically causes a temporary impact to disk performance. Once the operation
completes, performance returns to normal.
22
Controller Cache Preservation
The controller is capable of preserving its cache in the event of a system power outage or improper system shutdown.
The PERC H710, H710P, and H810 controllers are attached to a Battery Backup Unit (BBU) that provides backup power
during system power loss to preserve the controller's cache data.
Cache Preservation With Non-Volatile Cache (NVC)
In essence, the NVC module allows controller cache data to be stored indefinitely. If the controller has data in the cache
memory during a power outage or improper system shutdown, a small amount of power from the battery is used to
transfer cache data to a non-volatile flash storage where it remains until power is restored and the system is booted.
Recovering Cache Data
The dirty cache LED that is located on the H710 and H810 cards can be used to determine if cache data is being
preserved.
If a system power loss or improper system shutdown has occurred:
1.
Restore the system power.
2.
Boot the system.
3.
To enter the BIOS Configuration Utility, select Managed Preserved Cache in the controller menu.
If there are no virtual disks listed, all preserved cache data has been written to disk successfully.
Battery Transparent Learn Cycle
NOTE: Batteries are only supported on PERC H710, H710P, and H810 cards.
A transparent learn cycle is a periodic operation that calculates the charge that is remaining in the battery to ensure
there is sufficient energy. The operation runs automatically, and causes no impact to the system or controller
performance.
The controller automatically performs the Transparent Learn Cycle (TLC) on the battery to calibrate and gauge its charge
capacity once every 90 days. The operation can be performed manually, if required.
NOTE: Virtual disks stay in Write Back mode, if enabled, during transparent learn cycle. When the TLC completes,
the controller sets the next TLC to +90 days.
TLC Time Frame
The time frame for completion of a learn cycle is a function of the battery charge capacity and the discharge and charge
currents used. For PERC H710 or H810 cards, the expected time frame for completion of a learn cycle is approximately
seven hours.
Conditions For Replacing The Battery
The PERC battery is marked Failed when the state or health of the battery is declared bad. If battery is declared failed
then the firmware runs learn cycles in subsequent reboots until the battery is replaced. The virtual disk then transitions
to Write Back mode.
23
24
Deploying The PERC Card
3
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You should only perform
troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your product documentation, or as directed by the online or
telephone service and support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered by your
warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the system.
NOTE: For information on removing and reinstalling system parts, see the Owner's Manual of the system at
dell.com/support/manuals.
NOTE: For more information on your storage controller, see the relevant storage controller documentation at
dell.com/support/manuals.
This document provides a set of high level installation and removal instructions for the following Dell PowerEdge RAID
Controllers (PERC):
•
PERC H310 Adapter
•
PERC H310 Mini Monolithic
•
PERC H310 Mini Blade
•
PERC H710 Adapter
•
PERC H710P Adapter
•
PERC H710 Mini Monolithic
•
PERC H710P Mini Monolithic
•
PERC H710 Mini Blade
•
PERC H710P Mini Blade
•
PERC H810 Adapter
Removing The PERC Controller
To remove the PERC controller:
1.
Perform a controlled shutdown of the system and attached peripherals.
2.
Disconnect the system from the electrical outlet and remove the system cover.
3.
Remove the storage controller from the PCIe slot of the system.
CAUTION: When removing or replacing the PERC Mini Monolithic Controller, hold the card by its edges
marked by the blue touch points. Do not handle the card while holding the battery or the heatsink.
For more information, see to the relevant figures below.
25
Figure 1. Removing and Installing the PERC Adapter
1.
2.
3.
4.
PCIe slot
SAS cable connectors (2)
PERC adapter
screw (1)
Figure 2. Removing and Installing the PERC Mini Blade Controller
26
1.
2.
3.
4.
release lever (2)
PERC stack-up connector
PERC mini blade controller
screws (2)
Figure 3. Removing and Installing the PERC Mini Monolithic Controller
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
release lever (2)
storage-controller card holder
storage controller card
battery
heatsink
6. touch points (2)
7. storage-controller card connector on the
system board
8. guide pins (2)
Installing The PERC Controller
To install the PERC controller:
1.
Perform a controlled shutdown of the system and attached peripherals.
2.
Disconnect the system from the electrical outlet and remove the system cover.
27
3.
Install the storage controller in the appropriate controller slot and connect all the cables to the storage controller.
CAUTION: When removing or replacing the PERC Mini Monolithic Controller, hold the card by its edges
marked by the blue touch points. Do not handle the card while holding the battery or the heatsink.
For more information, see the relevant figures in Removing The PERC Controller.
4.
Replace the system cover.
5.
Reconnect the system to its electrical outlet and turn the system on, including any attached peripherals.
Support For Internal Multiple Controllers
On PowerEdge systems with dual bays (backplanes), the disk drives are managed by independent PERC H710P cards.
The PERC H710P cards do not share the disks or the RAID volumes. A drive can be identified using the following as
guideline: Controller: Bay/Backplane: Slot.
Setting Up Redundant Path Support On The PERC H810 Adapter
The PERC H810 card can detect and use redundant paths to disks contained in enclosures. With redundant paths to the
same device, if one path fails, another path can be used to communicate between the controller and the device.
To set up a configuration with redundant paths, both ports on a controller must be cabled to the In ports of a single
enclosure.
To add multiple enclosures, both Out ports of the first enclosure must be cabled to the In ports of the next enclosure.
If the connection between an Out port on the controller and an In port on an enclosure fails, an alternate path exists
through the second Out port on the controller and the second In port on the enclosure. For more information, see the
following figure.
NOTE: The PERC H810 card supports redundant paths when used with Dell PowerVault MD1200 and Dell
PowerVault MD1220 disk storage enclosures.
Perform the following steps to configure the hardware to utilize redundant paths on the PERC H810 card:
1.
Set up an enclosure on the PERC H810 card.
2.
Connect two SAS cables from the Out ports on your PERC H810 card to the In ports of the external enclosure. For
more information, see the following figure.
NOTE: For information on Unified Mode, see the enclosure documentation that was shipped with the
enclosure.
3.
To add multiple enclosures, cable both Out ports of the first enclosure to both In ports of the next enclosure.
After you set up the hardware, the controller detects the redundant paths and automatically utilizes them to
balance the I/O load.
Reverting To Single Path Support From Redundant Path Support For
PERC H810
If you need to revert to single path support from redundant path support, shut down the system and remove the exact
same cables that were added to support redundant path support, leaving only one connection between the controller
and enclosures. After you remove the cable and power up the system, ensure that there are no warning messages
during boot, and that all virtual disks are online and optimal. If you are using Dell OpenManage, see the Dell
OpenManage documentation at dell.com/support/manuals for additional instructions.
28
CAUTION: If you remove any cables other than the ones added to enable redundant path support, the enclosure
and disks can get disconnected, and virtual disk may fail.
Perform the following steps to configure the hardware to utilize redundant paths on the PERC H810 card:
1.
Set up an enclosure on the PERC H810 card.
2.
Connect two SAS cables from the Out ports on your PERC H810 card to the In ports of the external enclosure. For
more information, see the following figure.
NOTE: For information on Unified Mode, see the enclosure documentation that was shipped with the
enclosure.
3.
To add multiple enclosures, cable both Out ports of the first enclosure to both In ports of the next enclosure.
4.
After you set up the hardware, the controller detects the redundant paths and automatically utilizes them to
balance the I/O load.
Figure 4. Redundant Path Support Configuration With Two Enclosures
1. server
2. storage
29
30
Driver Installation
4
The Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards require software drivers to operate with
the supported operating systems.
This chapter contains the procedures for installing the drivers for the PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards.
NOTE: For more information on VMware ESX drivers, see the VMware ESX documentation at dell.com/support/
manuals.
NOTE: To check operating system compatibility, see dell.com/support/manuals.
The two methods for installing a driver discussed in this chapter are:
Installing a driver
during operating
system
installation
Use this method if you are performing a new installation of the operating system and want to
include the drivers.
Updating existing
drivers
Use this method if the operating system and the PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 family of
controllers are already installed and you want to update to the latest drivers.
Pre-Installation Requirements For Windows Driver Installation
Before you install the operating system:
•
Read the Microsoft Getting Started document that shipped with your operating system.
•
Ensure that your system has the latest BIOS, firmware, and driver updates. If required, download the latest
BIOS, firmware, and driver updates fromdell.com/support.
•
Create a device driver media (diskette, USB drive, CD, or DVD).
Creating The Device Driver Media For Windows Driver Installation
Use one of the following two methods to create the device driver media:
•
Downloading drivers from the Dell systems service and diagnostic tools media for Windows
•
Downloading drivers from the Dell support website for Windows
Downloading Drivers From The Dell Systems Service And Diagnostic Tools Media For
Windows
To download drivers from the Dell Systems Service and Diagnostic Tools media:
1.
Insert the Dell Systems Service and Diagnostics Tools media in a system.
The Welcome to Dell Service and Diagnostic Utilities screen is displayed.
2.
Select your system model and operating system (Microsoft Windows Server 2008).
3.
Click Continue.
31
4.
From the list of drivers displayed, select the driver you require. Select the self-extracting zip file and click Run. Copy
the driver to a diskette drive, CD, DVD, or USB drive. Repeat this step for all the drivers you require.
5.
During the operating system installation, use the media that you created with the Load Driver option to load mass
storage drivers. For more information on reinstalling the operating system, see the relevant section for your
operating system below.
Downloading Drivers From The Dell Support Website For Windows
To download drivers from the Dell Support website:
1.
Go to dell.com/support.
2.
Select your line of business.
3.
In the Popular support tools section, click Drivers and Downloads.
4.
Enter the service tag of your system in the Choose by Service Tag to get started field or select Choose from a list of
all Dell products.
5.
Select the System Type, Operating System, and Category from the drop-down list.
The drivers that are applicable to your selection are displayed.
6.
Download the drivers that you require to a diskette drive, USB drive, CD, or DVD.
7.
During the operating system installation, use the media that you created with the Load Driver option to load mass
storage drivers. For more information on reinstalling the operating system, see the relevant section for your
operating system below.
Installing Driver During a Windows Server 2008/2008 R2 Installation
To install the driver:
1.
Boot the system using the Windows Server 2008, or Windows Server 2008 R2 media.
2.
Follow the on-screen instructions until you reach Where do you want to install Windows Server 2008 window and
then select Load driver.
3.
The system prompts you to insert the media. Insert the installation media and browse to the proper location.
4.
Select the appropriate PERC H310, H710, H710P, or H810 card from the list, click Next and continue installation.
Installing Windows Server 2008/2008 R2 For A New RAID Controller
Perform the following steps to configure the driver for the RAID controller on a system that already has Windows
installed:
1.
Turn off the system.
2.
Install the new RAID controller in the system.
For detailed instructions on installing and cabling the RAID controller in the system, see the topic Deploying The
PERC Card.
3.
Turn on the system.
The Found New Hardware Wizard screen displays the detected hardware device.
4.
Click Next.
5.
On the Locate device driver screen, select Search for a suitable driver for my device and click Next.
6.
Browse and select the drivers from the Locate Driver Files screen.
7.
Click Next.
The wizard detects and installs the appropriate device drivers for the new RAID controller.
8.
32
Click Finish to complete the installation.
9.
Reboot the system when prompted.
Updating Existing Windows Server 2008 Or Windows Server 2008 R2
NOTE: Close all applications on your system before you update the driver.
1.
Insert the media (CD, DVD, or USB drive) containing the driver.
2.
Select Start → Settings → Control Panel → System.
The System Properties screen is displayed.
NOTE: The path to System might vary depending on the operating system family.
3.
Click on the Hardware tab.
4.
Click Device Manager.
The Device Manager screen is displayed.
NOTE: The path to Device Manager might vary depending on the operating system family.
5.
Expand SCSI and RAID Controllers by double-clicking the entry or by clicking on the plus symbol next to SCSI and
RAID Controller.
NOTE: In Windows 2008 and Windows 2008 R2, the PERC card is listed under Storage Controllers.
6.
Double-click the RAID controller for which you want to update the driver.
7.
Click the Driver tab and click Update Driver.
The screen to update the device driver wizard is displayed.
8.
Select Install from a list or specific location.
9.
Click Next.
10. Follow the steps in the wizard and browse to the location of the driver files.
11. Select the INF file from the driver media (CD, DVD, or other media).
12. Click Next and continue the installation steps in the wizard.
13. Click Finish to exit the wizard and reboot the system for the changes to take place.
NOTE: Dell provides the Dell Update Package (DUP) to update drivers on systems running Windows Server
2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2 operating system. DUP is an executable application that updates drivers for
specific devices. DUP supports command line interface and silent execution. For more information, see
dell.com/support.
Updating The Linux Driver
NOTE: PERC H310/H710/H710P/H810, PERC H700/H800 cards and both the PERC 5 and PERC 6 family of controllers
use the same driver and do not require separate driver installations.
Use the procedures in this section to update the driver for Linux. To ensure that you have the current version of the
driver, download the updated Linux driver from dell.com/support.
NOTE: The driver update disk (DUD) images are created only for those operating system releases in which the
native (in-box) driver is insufficient for installation. In the event that an operating system is being installed with a
corresponding DUD image, follow the instructions below. If not, proceed with using the native device driver and
then skip to the topic Installing or Updating the RPM Driver Package With DKMS Support.
33
Installing Or Updating The RPM Driver Package With DKMS Support
NOTE: This procedure is applicable for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 SP7 and SUSE Enterprise Linux 10 SP4.
NOTE: For SUSE Enterprise Linux 10 SP4, immediately following the operating system installation, download the
latest driver from dell.com/support, and update the driver using the procedures detailed in this section.
Perform the following steps to install the RPM package with DKMS support:
1.
Uncompress the gzipped tarball driver release package.
2.
Install the DKMS package using the command: rpm –ihv megaraid_sas- <version> .noarch.rpm.
3.
Install the driver package using the command: rpm –ihv megaraid_sas- <version> .noarch.rpm.
NOTE: Use rpm -Uvh <package name> when updating an existing package.
4.
If the previous device driver is in use, you must reboot the system for the updated driver to take effect.
5.
Verify that the driver has been loaded with the following system commands: modinfo megaraid_sas and dkms
status.
Installing Or Updating The RPM Driver Package With KMOD Support
NOTE: This procedure is applicable for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 SP2.
Perform the following steps to install the RPM package with KMOD support:
1.
Uncompress the gzipped tarball driver release package.
2.
Install the driver package using the command: rpm –ihv kmodmegaraid_ sas-<version>.rpm.
NOTE: Use rpm -Uvh <package name> when upgrading an existing package.
3.
If the previous device driver is in use, you must reboot the system for the updated driver to take effect.
4.
Verify that the driver has been loaded with the following system commands: modinfo megaraid_sas.
Installing Or Updating The RPM Driver Package With KMP Support
NOTE: This procedure is applicable for SUSE Enterprise Linux 11 SP2.
Perform the following steps to install the RPM package with KMP support:
1.
Uncompress the gzipped tarball driver release package.
2.
Install the driver package using the command: rpm –ihv kmpmegaraid_ sas- <version>.rpm.
NOTE: Use rpm -Uvh <package name> when updating an existing package.
3.
If the previous device driver is in use, you must reboot the system for the updated driver to take effect.
4.
Verify that the driver has been loaded with the following system commands: modinfo megaraid_sas.
Upgrading The Kernel
When upgrading to a new kernel, you must reinstall the DKMS-enabled driver packages. Perform the following steps to
update or install the driver for the new kernel:
1.
In a terminal window, type the following: dkms build -m <module_name> – v <module version> – k <kernel version>
dkms install -m <module_name> – v <module version> – k <kernel version>.
2.
To check whether the driver is successfully installed in the new kernel, type: dkms status.
34
You see a message similar to the following one: <driver name>, <driver version>, <new kernel
version>: installed.
3.
If the previous device driver is in use, you must reboot the system for the updated driver to take effect.
35
36
Management Applications For PERC Cards
5
Dell OpenManage Storage Management applications enable you to manage and configure the RAID system, create and
manage multiple disk groups, control and monitor multiple RAID systems, and provide online maintenance. The
management applications for PERC H310, H710, H710P, and H810 include:
•
Dell OpenManage Storage Management
•
BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>)
•
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) RAID Configuration Utility
NOTE: Dell serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID Storage Manager is not supported for SED management.
Dell OpenManage Storage Management
The Dell OpenManage Storage Management is a storage management application for Dell systems that provides
enhanced features for configuring a system's locally-attached RAID and Non-RAID disk storage. The Dell OpenManage
storage management application enables you to perform controller and enclosure functions for all supported RAID
controllers and enclosures from a single graphical or command-line interface without requiring the use of the controller
BIOS utilities. The graphical user interface (GUI) is wizard-driven with features for novice and advanced users, and
detailed online help. Using the Dell OpenManage storage management application, you can protect your data by
configuring data-redundancy, assigning hot spares, or rebuilding failed physical disks. The command line interface
available on selected operating systems to perform RAID management tasks is fully featured and scriptable.
NOTE: For more information, see the Dell OpenManage Storage Management User's Guide at dell.com/support/
manuals.
BIOS Configuration Utility
The BIOS Configuration Utility, also known as <Ctrl> <R>, is a storage management application embedded on the PERC
H310, H710, H710P, and H810 cards that configures and maintains RAID disk groups and virtual disks. <Ctrl> <R> is
independent of the operating system.
NOTE: Use the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) for initial setup and disaster recovery. You can use advanced
features through Dell OpenManage storage management application and Dell SAS RAID storage manager.
The following sections provide information about using the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). For more information,
see the online help option by pressing <F1> in the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>).
NOTE: The PERC PER H310, H710, H710P, and H810 card configuration utility refreshes the screen to show changes
to information. The refresh occurs when you press <F5>or every 15 seconds.
Entering The BIOS Configuration Utility
Perform the following steps to enter the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) when you boot the system:
1.
Turn on the system.
37
A BIOS screen displays information about the controller and configuration.
2.
During startup, press <Ctrl> <R> when prompted by the BIOS screen.
3.
Use the arrow keys to select the RAID controller you want to configure, and press <Enter> to access the
management menus for the controller.
If there is only one controller, the Virtual Disk Management screen for that controller is displayed. If there is more
than one controller, the main menu screen is displayed. The screen lists the RAID controllers.
NOTE: You can access multiple controllers through the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) by pressing
<F12>.
NOTE: You can access PERC H700, H800, H310, H710, H710P, or H810 cards from the same BIOS if the PERC 6/
H700/H800 firmware is 6.2.0-0013 or later.
Exiting The Configuration Utility
To exit the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>)
1.
Press <Esc> on any menu screen.
If there is only one controller, then a dialog box is displayed to confirm your choice.
2.
Select OK to exit and press <Enter>.
If multiple controllers are present, then the <Esc> key brings you to the Controller Selection screen.
3.
Press <Esc> again to reach the exit screen.
A dialog box is displayed to confirm your choice.
4.
Select OK to exit and press <Enter>.
Menu Navigation Controls
The following table displays the menu keys you can use to move between the different screens in the BIOS
Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>).
Table 4. Menu Navigation Keys
Notation
Meaning and Use
Example
rightarrow
key
Use the right-arrow key to open a submenu, move
Start → Programs
from a menu heading to the first submenu, or move
to the first item in that submenu. If you press the
right-arrow key at a menu heading, the submenu
expands. Press it again to go to the first item in the
submenu. The right-arrow key is also used to close a
menu list in a popup window. Word wrap is
supported.
leftarrow
key
Use the left-arrow key to close a submenu, move
from a menu item to the menu heading for that item,
or move from a submenu to a higher level menu. If
you press the left-arrow key at a menu heading, the
submenu collapses. Press it again to go to the
higher-level menu. Word wrap is supported.
Controller 0 ← Disk Group 1
Virtual Disk 1
up-arrow Use the up-arrow key to move to the upper menu
key
items within a menu or to a higher level menu. You
↑
can also use the up-arrow key to close a menu list in Virtual Disk 4
a popup window, such as the stripe element size
menu. Word wrap is supported.
38
Notation
Meaning and Use
downarrow
key
Use the down-arrow key to move to the lower menu Virtual Disk 1
items within a menu or to a lower level menu. You
↓
can also use the down-arrow key to open a menu list Virtual Disk 4
in a popup window, such as the stripe element size
menu, and select a setting. Word wrap is supported.
<Enter>
After you highlight a menu item, press <Enter> to
Select Add New VD and press <Enter> to create a
select that item. An options menu for the menu item new virtual disk.
opens. It applies to only certain menu items, such as
Virtual Disk #. In a list of options for that item, such
as the write policy for a virtual disk, highlight a
setting, such as Write-Through, and press <Enter> to
select it.
<Esc>
After you expand a pop-up window, press <Esc> to
close the window. You can continue to press <Esc>
to exit the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>).
Press <Esc> to return to the VD Mgmt screen.
<Tab>
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the next control
on a dialog box or page.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the next
parameter you want to change.
<Shift>
<Tab>
Press <Shift> <Tab> to move the cursor to the
previous control on a dialog or page.
Press <Shift> <Tab> to move the cursor from Sort By
to the previously selected PD in the PD Mgmt
screen.
<Ctrl>
<N>
Press <Ctrl> <N> to move to the next menu screen
Press <Ctrl> <N> on the VD Mgmt screen to move to
among the main menu screens: VD Mgmt, PD Mgmt, the PD Mgmt screen.
Ctrl Mgmt, and Foreign View.
<Ctrl>
<P>
Press <Ctrl> <P> to move to the previous menu
Press <Ctrl> <P> on the PD Mgmt screen to move to
screen among the main menu screens: VD Mgmt, PD the VD Mgmt screen.
Mgmt, Ctrl Mgmt, and Foreign View.
<F1>
Press <F1> to access Help information. The Help
screens display a glossary of topics you can use to
access information about navigation, RAID levels,
and general topics.
<F1>
<F2>
Press <F2> to access the context menu, which
displays the list of options.
<F2>
<F5>
Press <F5> to refresh the information on the screen.
<F5>
<F11>
Switch between two controllers.
<F11>
<F12>
Press <F12> to display a list of controllers.
<F12>
Spacebar Press the <spacebar> to select an item.
Example
Press the <spacebar> to select or deselect a
controller setting in the Ctrl Mgmt View.
Setting Up Virtual Disks
You can set up a disk group and create virtual disks using the procedures contained in this section. Each of the following
procedures is explained individually in this section in detail.
To set up virtual disks:
1.
Create the virtual disks and select the virtual disk options.
2.
Designate hot spares (optional).
39
For more information, see the topic Managing Dedicated Hot Spares.
3.
Initialize the virtual disks.
NOTE: When you use one physical disk group to create multiple virtual disks, all the virtual disks must be
configured with the same RAID level.
When you define the virtual disks, you can set the following virtual disk parameters:
–
RAID level
–
Stripe element size
–
Read policy
–
Write policy
–
Type of initialization
–
Hot spare configuration
NOTE: The default hard drive cache policy for a virtual disk composed with SAS hard drives is
disabled and with SATA hard drives is enabled. The Virtual Disk parameter cannot be changed in the
BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). Use Dell OpenManage Storage Management for the hard drive
cache setting operation.
The following table shows the parameters that you can configure when defining virtual disks.
Parameter
Description
RAID Level
RAID Level specifies whether the virtual disk is RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, or 60. The number of
disks, disk capacity, the requirements for fault tolerance, performance, and capacity
should be considered when selecting the RAID level. For more information, see the topic
Summary Of RAID Levels.
Stripe Element Size
Stripe Element Size specifies the size of the segments written to each physical disk in a
RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, and 60 virtual disk. You can set the stripe element size to 64 KB 128
KB, 256 KB, 512 KB, or 1024 KB. The default and recommended stripe element size is 64
KB.
A larger stripe element size provides better read performance if your system mostly does
sequential reads.
Write Policy
Write Policy specifies the controller write policy. You can set the write policy to WriteBack or Write-Through.
In Write-Back caching, the controller sends a data transfer completion signal to the host
when the controller cache has received all the data in a transaction.
NOTE: If a Battery Backup Unit (BBU) is present, the default cache setting is WriteBack. If no BBU is present, the default cache policy default setting is Write-Through.
NOTE: If Write-Back is enabled and the system is quickly turned off and then on, the
controller may pause as the system flushes cache memory. Controllers that contain
a battery backup default to Write-Back caching.
In Write-Through caching, the controller sends a data transfer completion signal to
the host when the disk subsystem has received all the data in a transaction.
Read Policy
40
Read-Ahead enables the read ahead feature for the virtual disk. You can set the
parameter to Read-Ahead, No-Read-Ahead, or Adaptive. The default is Adaptive-ReadAhead.
Read-Ahead specifies that the controller uses Read-Ahead for the current virtual disk.
Read-Ahead capability allows the controller to read sequentially ahead of requested data
and store the additional data in cache memory, anticipating that the data is required
soon.
Parameter
Description
No-Read-Ahead specifies that the controller does not use read ahead for the current
virtual disk.
Adaptive specifies that the controller begins using Read-Ahead if the two most recent
disk accesses occurred in sequential sectors. If all read requests are random, the
algorithm reverts to No-Read-Ahead; however, all requests are still evaluated for
possible sequential operation.
Virtual Disk Management
Creating Virtual Disks
NOTE: Combining SAS and SATA disk drives within a virtual disk is not supported. Also, combining disk drives and
SSDs within a virtual disk is not supported.
NOTE: To create secured virtual disks, see the topic Security Key And RAID Management.
Perform the following steps to create a virtual disk:
1.
During host system bootup, press <Ctrl><R> after the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed. If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is
displayed. Select a controller, and press <Enter>. The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected
controller.
2.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Controller # or Disk Group #.
3.
Press <F2>.
The list of available actions is displayed.
4.
Select Create New VD and press <Enter>.
The Create New VD screen is displayed. The cursor is on the RAID Levels option. When adding a virtual disk to a
Disk Group, the Add VD in Disk Group screen is displayed. Skip to step 11 to change the basic settings of the virtual
disk.
5.
Press <Enter> to display the possible RAID levels, based on the physical disks available.
6.
Press the down-arrow key to select a RAID level and press <Enter>.
7.
When creating a spanned virtual disk (RAID 10, 50 or 60), enter the number of physical disks per span in the PD per
Span field and press <Enter>.
NOTE: Creating a 22 physical disk RAID 10 VD is possible by selecting RAID 10 and populating the PD per Span
field with 22.
8.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the list of physical disks.
9.
Use the arrow key to highlight a physical disk and press the spacebar, <Alt> , or <Enter> to select the disk.
10. Select additional disks, if required.
NOTE: (PERC H310) Only RAID Capable physical disks are eligible to be included in a Virtual Disk. To convert
physical disks to RAID Capable, see the topic Converting Physical Disk To RAID Capable For PERC H310.
11. Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Basic Settings box.
12. Set the virtual disk size in the VD Size field.
The virtual disk size is displayed in GB format.
13. Press <Tab> to access the VD Name field, and type a virtual disk name.
14. Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Advanced Settings.
41
15. Press the spacebar to make the settings active so that you can change them.
An X is displayed beside Advanced Settings. The settings are the stripe element size, read policy, and write policy.
You can also choose advanced options such as forcing the cache policy to Write-Back, initializing the virtual disk,
and configuring a dedicated hot spare. The defaults parameters are displayed. You can accept the defaults or
change them. To change the virtual disk parameters, see Virtual Disk Parameters and Descriptions in Setting Up
Virtual Disks.
Selecting Virtual Disk Parameters
To select the virtual disk parameters:
1.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the parameters you want to change.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to open the parameters and scroll down the list of settings.
3.
To change the stripe element size, press <Tab> to highlight Stripe Element Size.
4.
Press <Enter> to display the list of stripe element sizes (64 KB, 128 KB, 256 KB, 512 KB, and 1024 KB). Press the
down-arrow key to highlight the desired option and press <Enter>.
The default stripe element size is 64 KB.
5.
If you need to change the read policy, press <Tab> to move the cursor to Read Policy.
6.
Press <Enter> to display the options (No Read Ahead, Read Ahead, or Adaptive Read Ahead). Press the downarrow key to highlight the desired option and press <Enter>.
7.
If you need to change the write policy, press <Tab> to move the cursor to Write Policy.
8.
Press <Enter> to display the options (Write-Through, Write Back). Press the down-arrow key to highlight an option
and press <Enter>.
9.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Force WB with no battery and press <Enter>. If you chose Write-Through as the
write policy, then the option is not available.
CAUTION: Do not initialize virtual disks when attempting to recreate an existing configuration.
10. Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Initialize and press <Enter>.
NOTE: The initialization performed at the stage is fast initialization.
11. Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Configure Hot Spare and press <Enter>.
NOTE: The hot spare created at the stage is a dedicated hot spare.
12. If you have chosen to create hot spares in the earlier steps, a pop-up window is displayed where disks with
appropriate sizes are displayed. Press the <spacebar> to select the disk size.
13. After you select the disk size, click OK to finalize the selection or click Cancel to forfeit the selection.
14. Select OK to accept the settings and press <Enter> to exit the window or select Cancel and press <Enter> to exit if
you do not want to change any virtual disk parameters.
Converting Physical Disk To RAID Capable For PERC H310
NOTE: By default, all physical drives are discovered as Non-RAID drives.
Conversion of a physical disk to RAID capable allows that disk to be used within a Virtual Disk or as a Hot Spare.
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the PD Mgmt screen.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk.
3.
Press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
4.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight Convert to RAID Capable.
A list of physical disks is displayed. The status of the each disk is displayed under State.
42
5.
Press <Enter>.
Converting Physical Disk To Non-RAID For PERC H310
Conversion of a Physical Disk to Non-RAID allows direct operating system access to the drive. Non-RAID disks cannot
be used within a Virtual Disk nor can they be used as Hot Spares.
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the PD Mgmt screen.
A list of physical disks is displayed. The status of the each disk is displayed under State.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk.
3.
Press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
4.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight Convert to Non-RAID.
5.
Press <Enter>.
Initializing Virtual Disks
CAUTION: A full initialization permanently destroys any existing data on that virtual disk.
Perform the following steps to initialize virtual disks:
1.
On the VD Mgmt screen, select Virtual Disk # and press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
2.
Select Initialization and press the right-arrow key to display the Initialization submenu options.
3.
Select Start Init. to begin a regular initialization or select Fast Init. to begin a fast initialization.
A pop-up window is displayed indicating that the virtual disk has been initialized.
4.
Repeat the procedures from step 1 to step 3 to configure another virtual disk.
NOTE: The PERC H310 card supports up to 16 virtual disks per controller, and the PERC H710, H710P, and H810
cards support up to 64 virtual disks per controller. The currently configured virtual disks display on the screen.
Checking Data Consistency
Select the Consistency Check (CC) option in the configuration utility to verify the redundancy data in virtual disks that
use RAID levels 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, and 60. (RAID 0 does not provide data redundancy.)
If you attempt to run a Consistency Check on a virtual disk that has not been initialized, the following error message is
displayed:
The virtual disk has not been initialized. Running a consistency check may
result in inconsistent message in the log. Are you sure you want to continue?
You can select Yes or No. If you select Yes, the CC operation continues. If you select No, the operation ends.
Running A Data Consistency Check
To perform a consistency check:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the VD Mgmt menu screen.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight Virtual Disk #.
3.
Press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
4.
Press the down-arrow key to select Consistency Check.
5.
Press the right-arrow key to display the available actions (Start, Stop).
6.
Select Start and press <Enter> to run a Consistency Check.
43
The Consistency Check runs and checks the redundancy data in the virtual disks.
7.
After you start the Consistency Check, press <Esc> to display the previous menu if needed.
Importing Or Clearing Foreign Configurations Using The VD Mgmt Menu
When a foreign configuration exists, the BIOS screen displays the message Foreign configuration(s)
found on adapter. In addition, a foreign configuration is displayed on the right side of the Ctrl Mgmt screen.
You can use the VD Mgmt menu to import the existing configuration to the RAID controller or clear the existing
configuration. In addition, you can view the foreign configuration from the Foreign View tab without importing the
configuration.
NOTE: The controller does not allow an import of configurations that results in more than 64 virtual disks.
NOTE: To import a secured foreign configuration, see the topic Security Key And RAID Management.
Perform the following steps to import or clear foreign configurations:
1.
During bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when prompted by the BIOS screen.
The VD Mgmt screen is displayed by default.
2.
On the VD Mgmt screen, highlight the Controller #.
3.
Press <F2> to display the available actions.
4.
Navigate to the Foreign Config option and press the right arrow key to display the available actions: Import and
Clear.
NOTE: Ensure that your virtual disk has all the physical disks by verifying that there are no physical disks
marked as Missing in the foreign view page and that all the disks appear as expected before importing them.
5.
Select Import to import the foreign configuration or Clear to delete the foreign configuration and then press
<Enter>.
If you import the configuration, the VD Mgmt screen displays detailed configuration information. It includes
information about the disk groups, virtual disks, physical disks, space allocation, and hot spares.
Importing Or Clearing Foreign Configurations Using The Foreign Configuration View
Screen
NOTE: To import a secured foreign configuration, see the topic Security Key And RAID Management.
If one or more physical disks are removed from a configuration, the configuration on those disks is considered a foreign
configuration by the RAID controller.
You can use the Foreign Configuration View screen to view information about the foreign configuration, such as disk
groups, virtual disks, physical disks, space allocation, and hot spares. The foreign configuration data is displayed in the
same format as configurations on the VD Mgmt screen. You can use the VD Mgmt screen to view the foreign
configuration before importing. After you view the foreign configuration, you can either clear or import to the RAID
controller.
NOTE: Before you import the foreign configuration, review the configuration on the screen to ensure that it is the
end result that you require.
You can use the Foreign Configuration View screen to manage foreign configurations in the following cases:
44
•
All the physical disks in a configuration are removed and re-inserted.
•
Some of the physical disks in a configuration are removed and re-inserted.
•
All the physical disks in a virtual disk are removed, but at different times, and then re-inserted.
•
The physical disks in a non-redundant virtual disk are removed.
The following constraints apply to the physical disks that are considered for import:
•
The disk state of a physical disk can change from the time the foreign configuration is scanned to when the
actual import occurs. The foreign import occurs only on disks that are in the Unconfigured Good state.
•
Disks in the failed or offline state cannot be imported.
•
The firmware does not allow you to import more than eight foreign configurations.
Perform the following procedures on the Foreign Configuration View screen to manage foreign configurations in each
specific case:
1.
If all or some of the physical disks in a configuration are removed and reinserted, the controller considers the disks
to have foreign configurations. Perform the following steps:
a) Select Foreign Configuration View to display the foreign configuration information on the Foreign Configuration
View screen.
b) Press <F2> to display the options (Import, Clear).
NOTE: You must have all the disks in the system before you perform the import operation.
c) Select Import to import the foreign configuration to the controller or select Clear to delete the foreign
configuration(s) from the re-inserted disk(s).
In the Preview Configuration Data window, the status of a physical disk that needs to be rebuilt is displayed as
Rebuild.
NOTE: When you import a foreign configuration, the dedicated hot spares in the configuration are
imported as dedicated hot spares on two conditions — the associated virtual disk is already present or
the associated virtual disk is also imported along with the configuration.
NOTE: Start a consistency check immediately after the rebuild is complete to ensure data integrity for the
virtual disks. For more information about checking data consistency, see the topic Checking Data
Consistency.
2.
If all the physical disks in a virtual disk are removed at different times and re-inserted, the controller considers the
disks to have foreign configurations. Perform the following steps:
a) Select Foreign Configuration View to display the complete virtual disk, across different foreign configurations
and allow foreign configurations to be imported.
b) Press <F2> to display the options Import and Clear.
NOTE: You must have all the drives in the system before you perform the import operation.
c) Select Import to merge the foreign configurations with the existing configuration on the controller or Clear to
delete the foreign configuration(s) from the re-inserted disk(s).
If you select Import, all drives that were pulled before the virtual disk became offline are imported, and then
automatically rebuilt.
NOTE: Start a consistency check immediately after the rebuild is complete to ensure data integrity for the
virtual disks. For more information about checking data consistency, see the topic Checking Data
Consistency.
3.
If the physical disks in a non-redundant virtual disk are removed, the controller considers the disks to have foreign
configurations. Perform the following steps:
a) Select Foreign Configuration View to display the complete foreign configuration information.
b) Press <F2> to display the options Import and Clear.
c) Select Import to import the foreign configurations to the virtual disk or Clear to delete the foreign
configuration(s) from the re-inserted disk(s).
No rebuilds occur after the import operation because there is no redundant data to rebuild the disks with.
45
Break Mirror
A Break Mirror operation is an operation that can be performed only on RAID1 arrays. It provides a way to 'split' the
mirror and spin-down one of the hard disks, which can then be imported into the configuration of a different PERC H310,
H710, H710P, or H810 controller. This can be a useful way to:
•
Create a disk image that can be imported and booted on a different system.
•
Assist in software or configuration testing, where half of the mirror can be removed to ensure configuration
consistency.
NOTE: The Break Mirror operation is not available within the booted operating system environment. It is
only available in the BIOS (<Ctrl> <R>) utility and the UEFI RAID configuration utility.
Break Mirror In BIOS Configuration Utility
The RAID1 VD that you are to split must be in an optimal state, and it cannot be running any other background tasks.
To use the Break Mirror feature from the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>), perform the following steps:
1.
During boot up, press <Ctrl> <R> when prompted by the BIOS screen. If there is more than one controller in the
system, choose the controller.
The VD Mgmt screen is displayed by default.
2.
Highlight the appropriate Disk Group.
3.
Press <F2> to display the available actions.
4.
Choose Break Mirror and press <Enter>.
A dialog is displayed describing the operation and asking if you are sure you want to perform the operation.
5.
Select Yes to continue.
The exported disk (exporting configuration) spins down and the hard drive status LED starts flashing to identify
which drive must be pulled.
The remaining disk (exporting configuration) is in a degraded state until the missing member is replaced or rebuilt.
If there are any Global or Dedicated Hot Spare assigned which fulfills the rebuild requirements for the degraded
RAID1 disk, a rebuild starts automatically. If there is no Hot Spare assigned, then a Hot Spare that meets all the
requirements for the VD must be assigned before the rebuild starts.
NOTE: Importing a Broken Mirror is the same as importing a Foreign configuration. See the topic Importing Or
Clearing Foreign Configurations Using The VD Mgmt Menu. The imported VD is in a degraded state until the
missing member is rebuilt.
Managing Preserved Cache
If a virtual disk becomes offline or is deleted because of missing physical disks, the controller preserves the dirty cache
from the virtual disk. The preserved dirty cache, known as pinned cache, is preserved until you import the virtual disk or
discard the cache.
NOTE: Certain operations, such as creating a new virtual disk, cannot be performed if preserved cache exists. You
have to enter the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) to resolve the situation before you boot to the operating
system. Messages are displayed notifying you that you must enter the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) to
discard the preserved cache or import the virtual disks with the preserved cache.
CAUTION: If there are any foreign configurations, it is strongly advised that you import the foreign configuration
before you discard the preserved cache. Otherwise, you might lose data that belongs with the foreign
configuration.
46
Perform the following steps to select whether to import the virtual disk or discard the preserved cache:
1.
On the VD Mgmt screen, click on a controller icon.
2.
Press <F2> to display the available actions.
3.
Select Manage Preserved Cache.
A message is displayed advising you to import the foreign configuration before you discard the preserved cache to
avoid losing data belonging to the foreign configuration. Confirm whether you want to continue. The Manage
Preserved Cache screen displays the affected virtual disks.
4.
You can choose to discard the cache on the Manage Preserved Cache screen. If you press Cancel, the process is
cancelled and the Preserved Cache Retained dialog box is displayed.
If you choose to discard the cache, you are prompted to confirm your choice. If you choose to retain the cache, a
message is displayed to notify you that you cannot perform certain operations while the cache exists. Click OK to
continue.
Managing Dedicated Hot Spares
A dedicated hot spare automatically replaces a failed physical disk only in the selected disk group which the hot spare
is part of.
A dedicated hot spare is used before a global hot spare is used. You can create dedicated hot spares or delete them on
the VD Mgmt screen.
Perform the following steps to create or delete dedicated hot spares:
1.
On the VD Mgmt screen, select Disk Group # and press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
The available menu options are displayed.
2.
Select Manage Ded. HS and press <Enter>.
A screen displays a list of the current dedicated hot spares with an X beside them and the physical disks that are
available to create dedicated hot spares.
NOTE: The utility allows only disks of the same disk technology and of equal or greater size to be selected as
dedicated hot spare.
3.
Use the following instructions to create or delete a dedicated hot spare:
–
Creating a dedicated hot spare
1. Press the down-arrow key to highlight an available physical disk.
2. Press the spacebar to select the disk.
3. Repeat step a to step b for each dedicated hot spare that you want to create.
NOTE: An X is displayed beside the selected physical disk(s).
–
Deleting a dedicated hot spare
1. Use the down-arrow key to highlight a current hot spare.
2. Press the spacebar to de-select the disk.
3. Repeat step a and step b for each dedicated hot spare that you want to delete.
4.
Press <Enter> to confirm the changes.
The VD Mgmt screen displays the updated list of hot spares under the Hot spares heading.
NOTE: If a global hot spare or dedicated hot spare is removed, reinserted and imported, it regains its status as
a hot spare. A dedicated hot spare becomes a global hot spare when the disk group it was assigned to protect
is no longer present during import.
47
Deleting Virtual Disks
NOTE: You cannot delete a virtual disk during an initialization.
NOTE: Warning messages appear stating the effect of deleting a virtual disk. Click OK twice to complete the virtual
disk deletion.
To delete virtual disks, perform the following steps in the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>):
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the VD Mgmt screen.
2.
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the Virtual Disks heading.
3.
Press <F2>.
The action menu is displayed.
4.
Select Delete VD and press <Enter>.
5.
If there are multiple virtual disks in a Disk Group, select Total Free Capacity for the Disk Group in the VD Mgmt
screen.
The total amount of free space available in the Disk Group is displayed.
Deleting Disk Groups
You can delete disk groups using the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). When you delete a disk group, the utility
also removes the virtual disks in that disk group.
To delete disk groups, perform the following steps in the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>):
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the VD Mgmt screen.
2.
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the Virtual Disks heading.
3.
Press <F2>.
The action menu is displayed.
4.
Select Delete Disk Group and press <Enter>.
The disk group is deleted.
NOTE: When you delete a disk group, the remaining disk groups with higher numbers are automatically
renumbered. For example, if you delete disk group #2, then disk group #3 is automatically renumbered as disk
group #2.
Clearing The Configuration
You can delete all virtual disks on the RAID controller by performing the operation.
To clear the configuration, perform the following steps in the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>):
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the VD Mgmt screen.
2.
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the Controller heading.
3.
Press <F2>.
The action menu is displayed.
4.
Select Clear Config.
A pop-up window is displayed prompting for confirmation to delete all virtual disks.
5.
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Select NO to delete the virtual disks or YES to retain the Consistency Checks existing configuration.
BIOS Configuration Utility Menu Options
The first menu that is displayed when you access the BIOS Configuration Utility <Ctrl> <R> is the main menu screen. It
lists the controller, controller number, and other information, such as the slot number. On the screen, you can use the
arrow keys to select the RAID controller you want to configure. Press <Enter> to access the controller
This section describes the options for the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) for each of the major menus:
•
Virtual Disk Management (VD Mgmt) menu
•
Physical Disk Management (PD Mgmt) menu
•
Controller Management (Ctrl Mgmt) menu
•
Foreign Configuration View (Foreign View) menu
Most menus consist of two panels:
•
A left panel with the menu options
•
A right panel with details of the items selected in the left panel
The following sections describe the menu and submenu options for each of the major menus:
Virtual Disk Management (VD Mgmt)
The Virtual Disk Management screen, VD Mgmt, is the first screen that is displayed when you access a RAID controller
from the main menu screen on the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). The left panel displays the menus for the
virtual disk management as given below:
Controller—Consists of the sub-menu item Disk Group which again has the following sub-menu items:
•
Virtual Disks
•
Physical Disks
•
Total Free Capacity (virtual disk size and free space you can use to create a virtual disk)
•
Hot Spares (global and dedicated)
The right panel displays detailed information for the selected controllers, disk groups, virtual disks, physical disks, total
free capacity, and hot spares, as shown in the following table:
Table 5. Information on the Virtual Disk Management Screen
Menu Item Selected in Left Panel
Information Displayed in Right Panel
Controller
Controller Properties:
•
•
•
Disk Group #
Number of disk groups (DG)
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Disk Group # Properties:
•
•
•
•
•
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available on the physical disks
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
49
Menu Item Selected in Left Panel
Information Displayed in Right Panel
•
Virtual Disks
Disk Group # Properties:
•
•
•
•
•
Virtual Disk #
Security property of the Disk Group
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available in the virtual disk
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
Virtual Disk # Properties:
•
•
•
RAID level (0, 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, or 60)
RAID status of the virtual disk (Failed, Degraded, Partially
Degraded, or Optimal)
Operation currently in progress
Disk Group # Properties:
•
•
•
•
•
Physical Disks
Disk Group # Properties:
•
•
•
•
•
Physical Disk #
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available on the physical disks
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available on the physical disks
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
Physical Disk Properties:
•
•
•
•
Vendor name
Physical disk state
Enclosure Position
Slot Position
Disk Group # Properties:
•
•
•
•
•
Total Free Capacity
Disk Group # Properties:
•
50
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available on the physical disks
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Menu Item Selected in Left Panel
Information Displayed in Right Panel
•
•
•
•
Hot Spares
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available on the physical disks
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
Physical Disk Properties:
•
•
•
•
Vendor name
Physical disk state
Enclosure Position
Slot Position
Disk Group # Properties:
•
•
•
•
•
Number of virtual disks (VD)
Number of physical disks (PD)
Space available on the physical disks
Number of free segments
Number of dedicated hot spares
Virtual Disk Actions
The following table describes the actions you can perform on virtual disks. For procedures you can use to perform the
actions, see Virtual Disk Management.
Table 6. Virtual Disk Actions
Action
Description
Create a new virtual disk Creates a new virtual disk from one or more physical disks. You can configure hot spares
when you create a virtual disk.
Manage dedicated hot
spares
Creates or deletes a hot spare that you can dedicate to a single redundant virtual disk.
Initialize a virtual disk
Initializes the selected virtual disk. You must initialize every virtual disk that is configured.
You can perform a fast initialization or a full initialization.
Check data consistency
on a virtual disk
Verifies the correctness of the redundancy data in the selected virtual disk. The option is
available only if RAID level 1, 5, 6, 10, 50, or 60 is used. The PERC H310, H710, H710P, or H810
cards automatically correct any differences found in the data.
Display or update virtual
disk parameters
Displays the properties of the selected virtual disk. You can modify the cache write policy
and read policy from the menu.
Manage preserved
cache
Preserves the dirty cache from a virtual disk if it becomes offline or is deleted. The dirty
cache is preserved until you import the virtual disk or discard the cache.
Delete a virtual disk
Deletes the virtual disk and frees up disk space to create another virtual disk.
Delete a disk group
Deletes a disk group, which is a collection of disks from one or more disk subsystems
controlled by management software.
51
Physical Disk Management (PD Mgmt)
The Physical Disk Management screen (PD Mgmt) displays physical disk information and action menus. The screen
displays physical disk IDs, vendor names, disk size, type, state, and disk group (DG). You can sort the list of physical
disks based on the headings. You can perform several actions on the physical disks, including the following:
•
Rebuilding physical disks
•
Performing the Replace Member operation
•
Setting the LED to blink
•
Making a disk online or offline (unaffiliated with a disk group)
•
Creating global hot spares
•
Removing dedicated hot spares or global hot spares
The PD Mgmt screen also displays several physical disk properties as shown in the following table.
Table 7. Information on the Physical Disk Management Screen
Information Displayed in Left Panel
Physical Disk:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Supported Information Displayed in Right Panel
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Disk ID
Protocol type
Capacity (GB)
Physical Disk State
Disk Group
Vendor
Security Property of Physical Disk
Encryption Capable
Product ID
Firmware Revision
Disk Write Cache
S.M.A.R.T state
Physical Disk operation
Max Device Link Rate
Negotiated Link Rate
Dell Certified Disk
Physical Disk Actions
The following table describes the actions you can perform on physical disks. For procedures that can be used to perform
the actions, see the topic Physical Disk Management (PD Mgmt).
Table 8. Physical Disk Actions
Action
Description
Rebuild
Regenerates all data to a replacement disk in a redundant virtual disk (RAID level 1, 5, 6, 10,
50, or 60) after a disk failure. A disk rebuild normally occurs without interrupting normal
operations on the affected virtual disk.
Replace Member
Replaces the disk in the virtual disk with another disk that can be selected.
LED Blinking
Indicates when physical disks are being used to create a virtual disk. You can choose to
start or stop the LED blinking.
Force Online
Changes the state of the selected physical disk to online.
Force Offline
Changes the state of the selected physical disk so that it is no longer part of a virtual disk.
Make Global HS
Designates the selected physical disk as a global hot spare. A global hot spare is part of a
pool for all virtual disks controlled by the controller.
52
Action
Description
Remove HS
Removes a dedicated hot spare from its disk group or a global hot spare from the global
pool of hot spares.
Rebuild
Select Rebuild to rebuild one or more failed physical disks. For information on performing a physical disk rebuild, see the
topic Performing A Manual Rebuild Of An Individual Physical Disk.
Several of the controller configuration settings and the virtual disk settings affect the actual rate of rebuild. The factors
include the rebuild rate setting, virtual disk stripe size, virtual disk read policy, virtual disk write policy, and the amount of
workload placed on the storage subsystem. For information on getting the best rebuild performance from your RAID
controller, see the documentation at dell.com/support/manuals.
The listed rates in the following table were taken during single disk failure with no I/O present on a PERC H810 card
connected to a single PowerVault MD1220 enclosure. Rates vary depending on type, speed and number of hard drives
present in array; as well as which controller model and enclosure configuration are being used.
Table 9. Estimated Rebuild Rates
RAID Level
Number of Hard Drives
7.2K RPM 6 Gb/s  SAS Hard
Drive
15K RPM 6 Gb/s  SAS Hard
Drive
RAID 1
2
320 GB/hour
500 GB/hour
RAID 5
6
310 GB/hour
480 GB/hour
RAID 10
6
320 GB/hour
500 GB/hour
RAID 5
24
160 GB/hour
240 GB/hour
RAID 10
24
380 GB/hour
500 GB/hour
Controller Management (Ctrl Mgmt)
The Controller Management screen (Ctrl Mgmt) displays the product name, package, firmware version, BIOS version,
boot block version, controller ID, security capability, and security key presence. Use the screen to perform actions on
the controller and BIOS. You can perform functions such as enable or disable the controller BIOS, enable or disable the
BIOS during bootup in the event of BIOS errors, and enable or disable the option to Auto Import. In addition, you can
select a virtual disk from which to boot, and select default settings.
Controller Management Actions
The following table describes the actions you can perform on the Ctrl Mgmt screen.
Table 10. Controller Management Options
Option
Description
Enable Controller BIOS
Select the option to enable the controller BIOS. If the boot
device is on the RAID controller, the BIOS must be
enabled.
Disable the BIOS to use other boot devices.
In a multiple controller environment, you can enable BIOS
on multiple controllers. However, if you want to boot from
a specific controller, then enable the BIOS on that
53
Option
Description
controller and disable it on the other controllers. The
system can then boot from the BIOS-enabled controller.
Enable BIOS Stop On Error
Select the option to stop the system BIOS during bootup if
there are BIOS errors. The option enables you to enter the
configuration utility to resolve the problem.
Select Bootable Device
Select the option to specify a virtual disk as the boot disk
on the controller.
NOTE: For PERC H310 the option may be a Virtual Disk
or  Non-RAID drive.
The option is displayed if you have built virtual disks.
Enable Auto Import
Attempts to import every online foreign configuration
during boot without having the need to access the BIOS
Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>).
Factory Default
Select the option to restore the default settings for the
options in the Settings box.
Foreign Configuration View
When a foreign configuration is present, you can select Foreign Configuration View to display the configuration. The
screen shows the foreign configuration as it would be if you import it. You can preview the foreign configuration before
you decide whether to import it or clear it.
In some cases, a foreign configuration cannot be imported. If a physical disk in a virtual disk is rebuilding, the physical
disk's state is set to Rebuild. No virtual disk target ID displays for virtual disks that cannot be imported.
The section Importing or Clearing Foreign Configurations Using the Foreign Configuration View Screen contains the
procedures you can use to manage the foreign configurations.
NOTE: The BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) reports error codes for failed imports of foreign configurations.
Physical Disk Management
Setting LED Blinking
The LED blinking option indicates when physical disks are being used to create a virtual disk. You can choose to start or
stop the LED blinking.
Perform the following steps to start or stop the option:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the PD Mgmt screen.
A list of physical disks is displayed. The status of the each disk is displayed under the heading State.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk.
3.
Press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
4.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight LED Blinking.
5.
Press the right-arrow key to display the available actions, Start and Stop.
6.
Select Start to begin LED blinking or Stop to end LED blinking.
54
Creating Global Hot Spares
You can use a global hot spare to replace a failed physical disk in any redundant array as long as the capacity of the
global hot spare is equal to or larger than the coerced capacity of the failed physical disk.
Perform the following steps to create global hot spares:
1.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk to change to a global hot spare.
2.
Press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
3.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight Make Global HS and press <Enter>.
The physical disk is changed to a global hot spare. The status of the physical disk as a global hot spare is displayed
under the heading State.
NOTE: To replace a failed physical disk global hot spares must use the same disk technology and must be
equal or greater in size.
4.
Select additional physical disks if desired and follow the previous steps to change them to global hot spares.
Removing Global Or Dedicated Hot Spares
You can remove one global or dedicated hot spare at a time on the PD Mgmt screen. Perform the following steps to
remove a global hot spare or dedicated hot spare:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the PD Mgmt screen.
A list of physical disks is displayed. The status of the each disk is displayed under the heading State.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk that is a hot spare.
3.
Press <F2> to display the menu of available actions.
4.
Press the down-arrow key to select Remove Hot Spare from the list of actions and press <Enter>.
The physical disk is changed to the Ready state. The status of the physical disk is displayed under the heading
State.
NOTE: Try to use physical disks of the same capacity in a specific virtual disk. If you use physical disks with
different capacities in a virtual disk, all physical disks in the virtual disk are treated as if they have the
capacity of the smallest physical disk.
5.
Select additional hot spares if desired and follow step 1 to step 4 to remove them.
Replacing An Online Physical Disk
In addition to the automatic Replace Member operation, you can manually replace any physical disk that is part of a
virtual disk using the Replace Member functionality.
Perform the following steps to replace a physical disk:
1.
In the Virtual Disk Management window, select Virtual Disk # and press the down-arrow key until Physical Disks is
highlighted.
2.
Press the right-arrow key to expand the list of physical disks that are members of the virtual disk.
3.
Press the down-arrow key and highlight the desired physical disk you want to replace. Press <F2> to expand the list
of allowed operations on the disk.
4.
Select Replace and then Start.
5.
Press the down-arrow to highlight a replacement disk and then press the spacebar to select the disk.
6.
Select OK to start the replacement.
55
NOTE: The replacement disk must be a hot spare or an unconfigured disk without a foreign configuration. It
must have the same or greater capacity and should be of the same type as the disk it is replacing.
Restrictions and Limitations
The following restrictions and limitations apply to the Replace Member operation:
•
The Replace Member functions are restricted to one per array for RAID 0, RAID 1, and RAID 5, and two per array
for RAID 6.
•
The Replace Member function and rebuild cannot run simultaneously on a RAID 6 virtual disk. The rebuild
operation has a higher priority, and the Replace Member operation is aborted if a rebuild begins.
•
The Replace Member function and rebuild cannot run simultaneously on a RAID 6 virtual disk. The rebuild
operation has a higher priority, and the Replace Member operation is aborted if a rebuild begins.
Stopping Background Initialization
Background initialization (BGI) is the automated operation in which parity is created and written. BGI does not run on
RAID 0 virtual disks. Under certain conditions, the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) displays a message if you want
to stop BGI in progress. An alert message is displayed if BGI is in progress and you start any of the following actions:
•
A Full Initialization on the virtual disk
•
A Fast Initialization on the virtual disk
•
A Consistency Check on the virtual disk
The following alert message is displayed:
The virtual disk is undergoing a background initialization process. Would you
like to stop the operation and proceed with the <full initialization/quick
initialization/consistency check> instead?
Click Yes to stop the BGI and start the requested operation or No to allow BGI to continue.
Performing A Manual Rebuild Of An Individual Physical Disk
CAUTION: If a physical disk is a member of a disk group that contains multiple virtual disks and one of the virtual
disks is deleted when a rebuild operation is in progress, the rebuild operation stops. You can then resume the
rebuild operation manually using a storage management application. To avoid interruption, ensure that none of the
virtual disks are deleted until the rebuild is complete.
Use the following procedures to rebuild one failed physical disk manually.
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the PD Mgmt screen.
A list of physical disks is displayed. The status of each disk is displayed under the heading State.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk that has a failed state.
3.
Press <F2> to display a menu of available actions.
The Rebuild option is highlighted at the top of the menu.
4.
Press the right-arrow key to display the rebuild options and select Start.
5.
After you start the rebuild, press <Esc> to display the previous menu.
NOTE: You can also use the VD Mgmt screen to perform a manual rebuild. Use the arrow key to highlight a
physical disk, and press <F2>. In the menu that is displayed, select the Rebuild option.
56
Controller Management
Enabling Boot Support
NOTE: See your system documentation to ensure the proper boot order is selected in the system BIOS.
In a multiple controller environment, you can enable BIOS on multiple controllers. However, if you want to boot from a
specific controller, enable the BIOS on that controller and disable it on the other controllers. The system can then boot
from the BIOS-enabled controller. Perform the following steps to enable the controller BIOS:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access Ctrl Mgmt menu screen.
2.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Enable Controller BIOS in the Settings box.
3.
Press the spacebar to select Enable Controller BIOS.
An X is displayed beside Enable Controller BIOS.
4.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Apply button, and then press <Enter> to apply the selection.
The controller BIOS is enabled.
To disable the controller BIOS, use the spacebar to de-select the Enable Controller BIOS control, and then select
Apply and press <Enter>.
Enabling Boot Support For A BIOS-Enabled Controller
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the Ctrl Mgmt menu screen.
2.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Select Boot Device in the Settings box.
3.
Press the down-arrow key to display a list of virtual disks and Non-RAID physical disks (PERC H310 only).
4.
Use the down-arrow key to highlight a virtual disk or Non-RAID physical disk (PERC H310 only).
5.
Press <Enter> to select the disk.
6.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Apply button, and then press <Enter> to apply the selection.
Boot support is enabled for the selected controller.
Enabling BIOS Stop On Error
The option BIOS Stop on Error is used to stop the system from booting if there are BIOS errors. Perform the following
steps to enable BIOS Stop on Error.
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the Ctrl Mgmt menu screen.
2.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Enable BIOS Stop on Error in the Settings box.
3.
Press the spacebar to select Enable BIOS Stop on Error.
An X is displayed beside Enable BIOS Stop on Error.
4.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Apply button, and then press <Enter> to apply the selection.
The controller BIOS is enabled. To disable Enable BIOS Stop on Error, use the spacebar to de-select Enable BIOS
Stop on Error, then select Apply and press <Enter>.
Enabling Auto Import
If there is a native configuration present on the controller, the option Enable Auto Import automatically imports every
online foreign configuration during boot without having the need to access the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>).
57
NOTE: The controller automatically imports every optimal and degraded foreign configuration without enabling the
feature if there is no native configuration on the controller.
To enable Auto Import:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the Ctrl Mgmt menu screen.
2.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to Enable Auto Import in the Settings box.
3.
Press the spacebar to select Enable Auto Import.
An X is displayed beside Enable Auto Import.
4.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Apply button, and then press <Enter> to apply selection.
The Auto Import is enabled.
Disabling Auto Import
To disable Auto Import:
1.
Use the spacebar to de-select Enable Auto Import.
2.
Select Apply and press <Enter>.
The Auto Import is disabled.
Restoring Factory Default Settings
You can use the Ctrl Mgmt menu screen to restore the default settings for the options in the Settings box. The settings
are Enable Controller BIOS, Enable BIOS Stop on Error, and Enable Auto Import.
Perform the following steps to restore default settings:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N>.
2.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Settings box.
3.
Use the spacebar to de-select the settings for the options in the Settings box.
4.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the Factory Default box, and press <Alt>, <Enter>, or the spacebar.
A dialog box is displayed for you to confirm your choice.
5.
Select Ok and press <Enter>.
The defaults are automatically selected for the controller settings and are displayed in Settings.
UEFI RAID Configuration Utility
The UEFI RAID Configuration Utility is a storage management application integrated into the System BIOS that can be
used to configure and manage RAID disk groups, virtual disks and physical disks. This utility is independent of the
operating system.
NOTE: Use the UEFI RAID Configuration Utility for initial setup and disaster recovery. Certain advanced features are
also offered in the utility.
Entering The UEFI RAID Configuration Utility
To enter the UEFI RAID Configuration utility:
1.
Turn on the system.
2.
During startup, press <F2> to enter the System Setup.
58
3.
From System Setup Main Menu, enter Device Settings.
Device Settings lists all the RAID controllers in the system.
Use the arrow keys or mouse to select the RAID controller you want to configure/mange and press <Enter> or click
on the mouse to access the management menus for the controller.
NOTE: The help information for all of the options within the UEFI RAID Configuration Utility can be viewed by
clicking on Help at the top right-hand corner of the browser screen. Help information for individual option
menus can also be viewed by scrolling down on each option.
NOTE: Some of the options within the UEFI RAID Configuration Utility are not present if the controller does not
support the corresponding feature. Options may also be grayed out if the feature is supported in existing
configuration.
NOTE: Background operations are blocked on the PERC H310 controller in the UEFI RAID Configuration Utility
and no operation progress updates are to be seen.
Exiting The UEFI RAID Configuration Utility
To exit the UEFI RAID Configuration Utility, press <Esc> or click on Back at any browser screen, until you return to the
Device Settings menu.
Configuration Options
There are four main configuration option menus available in the UEFI RAID Configuration Utility. These menus are
outlined below.
•
Controller Management—Performs controller properties, foreign configurations, and battery, and other highlevel controller functions.
•
Virtual Disk Management—Creates or deletes virtual disks, manage virtual disk properties, and performs
operations such as background initialization, consistency check, locate and reconfiguration.
•
Physical Disk Management—Displays physical disk properties and performs operations such as assign or
unassign hot spares, locate, force online/offline and rebuild after a physical disk failure.
•
Enclosure Management—Displays attached enclosures, enclosure firmware revision and physical disks
attached to the enclosures.
Controller Management Menu
The Controller Management menu can be used to perform the following controller-level functions. Each of these
functions is its own selectable menu option.
•
View Controller Information—Displays information about the controller.
•
Change Controller Properties—Updates controller properties and/or restores factory defaults for the controller.
–
PCI link speed: For systems capable of PCI Generation 3 link speeds, an option will appear at the top of
this screen named Change Link Speed to Gen 3. When selected, the system will need to be rebooted. If
the system is currently using Gen 3, the option will read Change Link Speed to Gen 2.
–
Boot Error Handling: Selects the way errors found at boot are handled.
*
Stop on errors: Interrupt the boot on all errors. Requires the user to either continue boot or enter
the BIOS Configuration Utility to resolve errors.
*
Pause on errors: Interrupt the boot on serious errors. Requires the user to either continue boot
or enter the BIOS Configuration Utility to resolve errors.
*
Ignore errors: The controller will take the default action for each error and will only halt boot
when continuing is impossible.
59
*
Safe mode on errors: The system will continue booting as long as the boot volume is not on this
controller. Drives connected to the controller will be reported as unconfigured good drives to
the RAID management utilities upon a successful boot. No configuration changes will be
allowed, except to clear the controller configuration if desired. Rebooting the system will exit
safe mode, and drives will appear as foreign on the next boot; if problems remain the system will
enter safe mode again. If the boot volume is on this controller, boot will halt.
•
Battery Management— Displays battery status and capacity information.
•
Clear Configuration — Deletes all existing configurations on the controller.
•
Manage Foreign Configuration—Displays import and/or clears foreign configurations.
•
Save Controller Events—Saves a copy of the controller events file in the desired directory.
•
Clear Controller Events—Deletes all existing entries in the controller events file.
•
Save Debug Log—Saves a copy of the firmware’s terminal log entries for the controller.
•
Enable Security — Enables security on the controller via the desired security mode.
•
Disable Security—Disables security on the controller.
•
Change Security Key—Changes the security key or switches between security modes on the controller.
•
Convert To RAID Capable—Allows conversion of physical disks from Non-RAID to RAID Capable.
•
Convert To Non-RAID—Allows conversion of physical disks from RAID Capable to Non-RAID.
Virtual Disk Management
The Virtual Disk Management menu can be used to create and manage virtual disks on the controller. The following
functions can be performed under Virtual Disk Management. Each of these functions is its own selectable menu option.
•
Create Virtual Disk—Creates a virtual disk by selecting the RAID level, physical disks, and virtual disk
parameters.
•
Manage Virtual Disk Properties—Displays and manages virtual disk properties, view associated physical disks
and manage dedicated hot spares.
•
Select Virtual Disk Operations—Selects and executes virtual disk operations such as delete, locate, secure,
expand, initialization and consistency check.
•
View Disk Group Properties—Displays information about the available disk groups, associated virtual disks, and
the capacity allocation.
•
Reconfigure Virtual Disks—Performs a RAID Level Migration (RLM) which converts a virtual disk to a different
RAID level.
•
Create CacheCade Virtual Disks—Creates a CacheCade virtual disk by selecting solid state disks (SSDs).
Physical Disk Management Menu
The Physical Disk Management menu can be used to view and manage physical disks on the controller. The following
functions can be performed under Physical Disk Management. Each of these functions is its own selectable menu
option.
•
View Physical Disk Properties—Displays information about all the physical disks including their state.
•
Select Physical Disk Operations—Selects and execute physical disk operations such as locate, assign/unassign
hot spare, replace member, force offline/online, and convert to RAID Capable/Non-RAID.
•
View Global Hot Spares—Displays all the assigned global hot spares on the controller.
Enclosure Management
The Enclosure Management menu can be used to view the firmware version of the enclosure and the physical disks
attached to the controller, along with their physical disk states.
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CacheCade
6
The Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H710, H710P, and H810 cards support CacheCade, a feature that can
improve application performance by increasing read caching capacity. The CacheCade feature makes use of high
performing solid state disks (SSDs) as a secondary tier of cache. CacheCade provides faster reads and maximizes
transactional I/O performance.
NOTE: PERC H310 does not support Cachecade.
The use of SSDs for caching allows a large quantity of data to be present in the cache, resulting in performance
improvement in read-intensive applications. Some examples of read-intensive applications include online transaction
processing (OLTP), file server, and web server workloads. CacheCade allows for an increase in the I/O performance of
hard disk drive (HDD)-based disk groups with the assistance of SSD technology.
CacheCade Virtual Disk Characteristics
The following are the CacheCade virtual disk characteristics:
•
Support for CacheCade virtual disks exists only on controllers containing 1 GB of Non-Volatile (NV) Cache.
•
CacheCade virtual disks can only be created with SSDs.
•
The maximum combined size of CacheCade virtual disks is 512 GB.
NOTE: Multiple CacheCade virtual disks may be created, but they are combined to operate as a single
cache pool up to the maximum size.
•
Data on virtual disks containing secured Self-Encrypting Disks (SEDs) or SSDs will not be cached by
CacheCade.
NOTE: Data on VDs with unsecured SEDs can be cached using CacheCade.
•
CacheCade virtual disks only cache input reads that are smaller than 64 KB.
•
CacheCade virtual disks are read cache only.
•
CacheCade virtual disks cannot be migrated to a controller that does not support CacheCade.
•
Importing a CacheCade drive may result in a RAID 0 VD. You must reconfigure the CacheCade VD after
importing.
•
CacheCade virtual disks are not presented to the operating system.
Configuring And Managing CacheCade Virtual Disks
All management applications allow the creation and deletion of CacheCade virtual disks.
The following sections describe the menu options specific to CacheCade virtual disk management and provide detailed
instructions to perform the configuration tasks. The contents of the following section apply to the BIOS Configuration
Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). For more information on the management applications, see the topic Management Applications For
PERC Cards.
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CacheCade Virtual Disk Management
The Virtual Disk Management screen is the first screen that is displayed when you access a RAID controller from the
main menu screen on the BIOS Configuration Utility.
The following are CacheCade-related actions you can perform through the virtual disk management menu:
•
Create CacheCade virtual disk
•
Assign CacheCade virtual disk name
•
Delete virtual disk
Creating CacheCade Virtual Disks
NOTE: Only SSDs can be used to create CacheCade virtual disks.
NOTE: Combining SAS and SATA SSDs within a CacheCade virtual disk is not supported.
NOTE: To avoid inefficient use of space, it is recommended that CacheCade volumes are created with drives of the
same size. Larger disk sizes are truncated to the size of the smallest contributing disk, similar to RAID 0.
To create a CacheCade virtual disk:
1.
During host system bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed. If there are more than one controller, the main menu screen is
displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Controller #.
4.
Press <F2>.
The list of available actions is displayed.
5.
Select Create CacheCade Virtual Disk and press <Enter>.
The Create CacheCade Virtual Disk screen is displayed. The cursor is on the first SSD listed in the Select SSD
section.
6.
Select the desired SSD(s). As each new SSD is selected, the CacheCade Virtual Disk Size changes to reflect the
new size.
NOTE: You cannot specify the size of the virtual disk.
7.
Press <Tab> to move the cursor to the CacheCade Virtual Disk Name field. Enter a name if required.
8.
After you specify the virtual disk name, select OK to save the selection or select Cancel to cancel the selection.
After the CacheCade virtual disk is created successfully, it is listed in the Virtual Disk Management screen under
the CacheCade disk group, and is labeled as a CacheCade virtual disk. The virtual disk has an optimal state and its
RAID level is RAID 0.
NOTE: You can only delete or rename a CacheCade virtual disk. Background initialization, fast initialization, full
initialization, and consistency check operations are not applicable to CacheCade virtual disks.
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Deleting CacheCade Virtual Disks
To delete CacheCade virtual disks, perform the following steps in the BIOS Configuration Utility:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the Virtual Disk Management screen.
2.
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the CacheCade Disk Group or Virtual Disks heading.
3.
Press <F2>.
The Action menu is displayed.
4.
Select Delete VD and press <Enter>.
NOTE: Warning messages are displayed stating the effect of deleting a virtual disk. Click OK to complete the
virtual disk deletion.
NOTE: In operating system management applications, a CacheCade virtual disk deletion or removal can be
done without interrupting any I/Os. The controller stops caching via the secondary cache, but all outstanding
I/Os are completed.
Reconfiguring CacheCade Virtual Disks
In operating system management applications, the resizing of CacheCade virtual disks occurs without stopping any
existing I/Os. Creating a new CacheCade virtual disk or adding one or more SSDs to an existing CacheCade virtual disk
increases the total cache size. The new resources are immediately used after the addition.
There are two methods to reconfigure CacheCade virtual disks:
•
Automatic reconfiguration of cachecade virtual disks
•
Manual reconfiguration of cachecade virtual disks
Automatic Reconfiguration Of CacheCade Virtual Disks
A CacheCade virtual disk that is made up of more than one SSD is automatically reconfigured upon a removal or failure
of a member SSD. The virtual disk retains an Optimal state and adjusts its size to reflect the remaining number of
member disks. If auto-rebuild is enabled on the controller, when a previously removed SSD is inserted back into the
system or replaced with a new compatible SSD, the CacheCade automatically reconfigures and adjusts its size to reflect
the addition of the member SSD.
The number of SSDs to be removed from a CacheCade virtual disk cannot equal the total number of SSDs currently in
the CacheCade virtual disk.
After the automatic reconfiguration and resizing of a CacheCade virtual disk, the new virtual disk size is displayed in
both the BIOS Configuration Utility as well as in the OpenManage storage management application.
CAUTION: If a disk is removed from a CacheCade virtual disk, the associated slot for that disk is a hot slot for the
CacheCade volume. Any compatible disk inserted into that slot is automatically added to the CacheCade virtual
disk. Any preexisting data on that drive is lost.
NOTE: Disks inserted into a CacheCade hot slot must be equal to or greater than the smallest contributing disk in
the virtual disk.
Manual Resizing Of CacheCade Virtual Disks
In operating system management applications, a manual resizing of a CacheCade virtual disk occurs due to the addition
or removal of drives. Reboot is not necessary.
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•
Any number of SSDs can be added to a CacheCade virtual disk.
•
There is no SAS and SATA mixing allowed within a CacheCade virtual disk, so SATA SSDs cannot be added to a
SAS CacheCade virtual disk and vice versa.
•
HDDs cannot be added to a CacheCade virtual disk.
NOTE: Capacity of drives added to a CacheCade volume must be equal to or greater than the smallest
contributing drive in the virtual disk. The manual resizing of a CacheCade virtual disk cannot be initiated in
the BIOS Configuration Utility. It can only be initiated in the OpenManage storage management application.
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Security Key And RAID Management
7
NOTE: PERC H310 does not support any security implementations.
Security Key Implementation
The Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H710, H710P, and H810 cards support Self-Encrypting Disks (SED) for
protection of data against loss or theft of SEDs. Protection is achieved by the use of encryption technology on the drives.
There is one security key per controller. You can manage the security key under Local Key Management (LKM). The key
can be escrowed in to a file using Dell OpenManage. The security key is used by the controller to lock and unlock
access to encryption-capable physical disks. In order to take advantage of this feature, you must:
1. Have SEDs in your system.
2. Create (LKM) a security key.
Security Key Management In The BIOS Configuration Utility
The Dell OpenManage storage management application and the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) of the controller
allow security keys to be created and managed as well as create secured virtual disks. The following section describes
the menu options specific to security key management and provide detailed instructions to perform the configuration
tasks. The contents of the following section apply to the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). For more information on
the management applications, see the topic Management Applications For PERC Cards.
•
•
The Virtual Disk Management screen, VD Mgmt, is the first screen that is displayed when you access a RAID
controller from the main menu screen on the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). The following are securityrelated actions you can perform through the virtual disk management menu:
–
Security Key Management—Creates, changes, or deletes the security settings on a controller.
–
Secure Disk Group—Secures all Virtual Disks in Disk Group.
The Physical Disk Management screen, PD Mgmt, displays physical disk information and action menus. The
following are security-related actions you can perform through the physical disk management menu:
–
Instant Secure Erase—Permanently erases all data on an encryption-capable physical disk and resets
the security attributes.
For more information on the Physical Disk Management screen and Virtual Disk Management screen, see the topics
Physical Disk Management (PD Mgmt) and Virtual Disk Management respectively.
Local Key Management (LKM)
You can use LKM to generate the key ID and the passphrase required to secure the virtual disk. You can secure virtual
disks, change security keys and manage secured foreign configurations using this security mode.
NOTE: Under LKM, you are prompted for a passphrase when you create the key.
65
Creating A Security Key
Perform the following steps to create a security key on the controller:
NOTE: There is no passphrase backup option when you create a security key; you need to remember your
passphrase.
1.
During the host system boot up, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed.
If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Security Key Management.
4.
Press <F2> to display the actions you can perform.
5.
Select Create Key and press <Enter>.
The Create Security Key screen is displayed. The cursor is at the Security Key Identifier.
6.
Enter an identifier for your security key.
NOTE: The Security Key Identifier is a user supplied clear text label used to associate the correct security key
with the controller.
7.
Press <Tab> to enter a passphrase.
CAUTION: If you lose or forget your passphrase, the data in your virtual disk is inaccessible.
8.
Press <Tab> and select OK to accept the settings and to exit the window. Select Cancel to exit if you do not want to
create a security key on the controller.
Changing The Security Key
NOTE: Change Key is active if there is a security key present on the controller.
Perform the following steps when changing the security key on the controller:
1.
During host system bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed.
If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Security Key Management.
4.
Press <F2> to display the actions you can perform.
5.
Select Change Key and press <Enter>.
6.
The Change Security Key screen is displayed. The cursor is at the Security Key Identifier. Enter an identifier for
your Security Key.
7.
Press <Tab> to enter a new passphrase.
NOTE: You need to provide the current passphrase in order to change the security key on the controller.
8.
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Press <Tab> and select OK to accept the settings and to exit the window. Select Cancel to exit if you do not want to
change the security key on the controller.
NOTE: If there is an existing configuration on the controller, it is updated with the new security key. If you had
previously removed any secured disks, you still need to supply the old passphrase to import them.
Deleting A Security Key
NOTE: Delete Key is active if there is a security key present on the controller.
NOTE: Delete Key can only be performed when there are no secured virtual disks present.
NOTE: After the Delete Key operation, all unconfigured, secured SEDs are secure-erased.
Perform the following steps when deleting the security key on the controller:
1.
During host system bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed. If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is
displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight Security Key Management.
4.
Press <F2> to display the actions you can perform.
5.
Select the Delete Key and press <Enter>.
Creating Secured Virtual Disks
To create a secured virtual disk, the controller must have a security key established first. See the topic Creating A
Security Key.
NOTE: Combining SAS and SATA hard drives within a virtual disk is not supported. Also, combining hard drives and
solid state drives (SSDs) within a virtual disk is not supported.
After the security key is established, perform the steps outlined in the topic Creating Virtual Disks to create a virtual disk.
To secure the virtual disk, navigate to the Secure VD option at the bottom left area of the Create New VD screen.
NOTE: All virtual disks added to a secured Disk Group are secured.
Securing Pre-Existing Virtual Disks
If an unsecured virtual disk was created on a controller, you can secure the virtual disk as long as the following
conditions are met:
•
The controller has a security key present.
•
All the physical disks in the virtual disk are SED.
Perform the following steps when securing a pre-existing virtual disk on a secured controller:
1.
During the host system bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed.
If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the Disk Group number.
4.
Press <F2> to display a menu of the available actions.
67
5.
Highlight the Secure Disk Group option and press <Enter>.
NOTE: If you select to secure a Disk Group, all VDs part of the Disk Group are secured.
Securing Pre-Existing Virtual Disks
If an unsecured virtual disk was created on a controller, you can secure the virtual disk as long as the following
conditions are met:
•
The controller has a security key present.
•
All the physical disks in the virtual disk are SED.
Perform the following steps when securing a pre-existing virtual disk on a secured controller:
1.
During the host system bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed.
If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
3.
Use the arrow keys to highlight the Disk Group number.
4.
Press <F2> to display a menu of the available actions.
5.
Highlight the Secure Disk Group option and press <Enter>.
NOTE: If you select to secure a Disk Group, all VDs part of the Disk Group are secured.
Importing Or Clearing Secured Foreign Configurations And Secure Disk Migration
Secured virtual disks created on a PERC H700/H800 or H710/H710P/H810 card can be migrated to another PERC H710,
H710P, or H810 card. A virtual disk secured with a security key different from the current controller security key cannot
be imported without authentication of the original passphrase used to secure them. When importing secured virtual
disk(s) created with a different security key, the secured foreign configuration(s) do not show in the Foreign
Configuration View screen. Follow the steps below to import or clear a foreign secured virtual disk.
NOTE: If you are importing secured and unsecured virtual disks, you are prompted to resolve the secured foreign
configuration first.
NOTE: The PERC H710, H710P, or H810 card needs to have a security key present before being able to import a
secured virtual disk.
NOTE: Any unsecured virtual disks imported are still unsecured.
NOTE: If you are importing a virtual disk originally secured with a local key (LKM), you are prompted for the
passphrase used to secure that virtual disk.
NOTE: A secured VD cannot be imported using the PERC H310 card.
Perform the following steps when importing a foreign secured virtual disk:
1.
During the host system bootup, press <Ctrl> <R> when the BIOS screen is displayed.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed.
If there is more than one controller, the main menu screen is displayed.
2.
Select a controller, and press <Enter>.
The Virtual Disk Management screen is displayed for the selected controller.
68
3.
Press <F2> to display a menu of available actions.
4.
Select Import to import the foreign configuration or Clear to delete the foreign configuration. Press <Enter>.
NOTE: To Clear, you need to Instant Secure Erase foreign configurations secured with a different security key.
5.
If you select to Import the configuration, the Secure Foreign Import screen is displayed.
NOTE: The key identifier for the passphrase used to secure the foreign secured virtual disks is displayed
under the Secured Drives option.
6.
Enter the passphrase that was used to secure the foreign configuration.
7.
Press <Tab> and select OK to finish importing the secured foreign configuration or select Cancel to exit this menu.
If you select Cancel for the secured foreign import, the disks remain inaccessible until imported or instant secure
erased. See the topic Instant Secure Erase.
Instant Secure Erase
Instant Secure Erase is the process of permanently erasing all data on an encryption-capable physical disk and
resetting the security attributes. You need to execute Instant Secure Erase on SEDs that are inaccessible (blocked) due
to a lost or forgotten passphrase.
CAUTION: By executing Instant Secure Erase, the data on your  encryption-capable physical disk is lost.
To execute Instant Secure Erase:
1.
Press <Ctrl> <N> to access the PD Mgmt screen.
A list of physical disks is displayed. On the right menu, the physical disk properties are displayed including
information about whether the physical disk is secured or not.
2.
Press the down-arrow key to highlight a physical disk that is secured.
3.
Press <F2> to display a menu of available actions.
4.
The Secure Erase option is highlighted at the bottom of the menu.
5.
Press <Enter> to Secure Erase the physical disk and select YES.
Troubleshooting Security Key Errors
Secured Foreign Import Errors
A foreign configuration is a RAID configuration that already exists on a replacement physical disk that you install in a
system. A secured foreign configuration is a RAID configuration that was created under a different security key.
There are two scenarios in which a secured foreign import fails:
•
The passphrase authentication fails—A VD secured with a security key different from the current controller
security key cannot be imported without authentication of the original passphrase used to secure them. Supply
the correct passphrase to import the secured foreign configuration. If you have lost or forgotten the passphrase,
the secured foreign disks remain locked (inaccessible) until the appropriate passphrase is entered or if they are
instant secure erased.
•
The secured VD is in an offline state after supplying the correct passphrase—You must check to determine why
the virtual disk failed and correct the problem. See the topic Troubleshooting.
Failure to Select Or Configure Non Self-Encrypting Disks (Non-SED)
A virtual disk can be either secured or unsecured depending on how it was configured when created. In order to create
a secured virtual disk, the controller must have a security key present and must be composed of SEDs only. In order to
select/configure non-SED, you must create an unsecured virtual disk. You can create an unsecured virtual disk even if
69
there is a security key present. Select the Secure VD option as No in the Create New VD menu. See the topic Creating
Virtual Disks for steps on how to create an unsecured virtual disk.
Failure To Delete Security Key
A security key is used to lock or unlock access to a security-enabled component. This key is not utilized in the actual
encryption of data. If a security key is present, both secured and unsecured virtual disks may exist.
To delete the security key, you must have a previously established security key present on the controller and there
cannot be any configured secured disks. If there are configured secured disks, remove or delete them.
Failure To Instant Secure Erase Task On Physical Disks
Instant Secure Erase is the process of securely erasing all data permanently on an encryption-capable physical disk and
resetting the security attributes. It is used in a couple of scenarios such as deleting a foreign configuration in the event
of a forgotten or lost passphrase or unlocking a disk that had been previously locked.
Instant Secure Erase can be executed only on encryption-capable disks as long as the disks are not hot spares and are
not configured (part of a virtual disk). Ensure that the conditions are met and see the topic Instant Secure Erase.
70
Troubleshooting
8
To get help with your Dell PowerEdge RAID Controller (PERC) H310, H710, H710P and H810, you can contact your Dell
Technical Service representative or see dell.com/support.
BIOS Error Messages
The controller BIOS read-only memory (ROM) provides Int 13h functionality (disk I/O) for the virtual disks connected to
the controller. You can boot from or access the physical disks without a driver.
Discovery Error Message
Error Message:
A discovery error has occurred, please power cycle the system
and all the enclosures attached to this system.
Probable Cause:
This message indicates that discovery did not complete within 120 seconds. The SAS cables
for your system might be improperly connected.
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any problems. Restart the system.
Extra Enclosure Error Message
Error Message:
There are X enclosures connected to connector Y, but only
maximum of 4 enclosures can be connected to a single SAS
connector. Please remove the extra enclosures then restart your
system.
Probable Cause:
This message is displayed when the BIOS detects more than four enclosures connected to a
single SAS connector.
Corrective
Action:
You must remove all additional enclosures and restart your system.
Cache Data Lost Error Message
Error Message:
Cache data was lost, but the controller has recovered. This
could be due to the fact that your controller had protected
cache after an unexpected power loss and your system was
without power longer than the battery backup time. Press any
key to continue or 'C' to load the configuration utility.
Probable Cause:
This message is displayed under the following conditions:
•
The adapter detects that the cache in the controller cache has not yet been written to
the disk subsystem.
71
Corrective
Action:
•
The controller detects an Error-Correcting Code (ECC) error while performing its cache
checking routine during initialization.
•
The controller discards the cache rather than sending it to the disk subsystem because
the data integrity cannot be guaranteed.
To resolve this issue, allow the battery to charge fully. If the problem persists, the battery or
controller memory may be faulty; contact Dell Technical Support.
Missing Disks In Virtual Disk Error Message
Error Message:
The following virtual disks have missing disks: (x). If you
proceed (or load the configuration utility), these virtual
disks will be marked OFFLINE and will be inaccessible. Please
check your cables and ensure all disks are present. Press any
key to continue, or 'C' to load the configuration utility.
Probable Cause:
The message indicates that some configured disks were removed. If the disks were not
removed, they are no longer accessible. The SAS cables for your system might be improperly
connected.
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any issues. Restart the system. If there are no cable
problems, press any key or <C>to continue.
Previous Configuration Of Disks Removed Error Message
Error Message:
All of the disks from your previous configuration are gone. If
this is an unexpected message, then please power off your
system and check your cables to ensure all disks are present.
Press any key to continue, or press <C> to load the
configuration utility.
Probable Cause:
The message indicates that some configured disks were removed. If the disks were not
removed, they are no longer accessible. The SAS cables for your system might be improperly
connected.
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any issues before restarting the system. If there are no
cable problems, press any key or <C> to continue.
Missing Virtual Disks Error Message
Error Message:
The following virtual disks are missing: (x). If you proceed
(or load the configuration utility), these virtual disks will
be removed from your configuration. If you wish to use them at
a later time, they will have to be imported. If you believe
these virtual disks should be present, please power off your
system and check your cables to ensure all disks are present.
Press any key to continue, or 'C' to load the configuration
utility.
Probable Cause:
The message indicates that some configured disks were removed. If the disks were not
removed, they are no longer accessible. The SAS cables for your system might be improperly
connected.
72
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any issues. Restart the system. If there are no cable
problems, press any key or <C> to continue.
Dirty Cache Data Error Message
Error Message:
The following virtual disks are missing: (x). If you proceed
(or load the configuration utility), these virtual disks will
be removed from your configuration. If you wish to use them at
a later time, they will have to be imported. If you believe
these virtual disks should be present, please power off your
system and check your cables to ensure all disks are present.
Press any key to continue, or 'C' to load the configuration
utility. The cache contains dirty data, but some virtual disks
are missing or will go offline, so the cached data cannot be
written to disk. If this is an unexpected error, then please
power off your system and check your cables to ensure all disks
are present. If you continue, the data in cache will be
permanently discarded. Press 'X' to acknowledge and permanently
destroy the cached data.
Probable Cause:
The controller preserves the dirty cache from a virtual disk if the disk becomes offline or is
deleted because of missing physical disks. This message indicates that some configured disks
were removed. If the disks were not removed, they are no longer accessible. The SAS cables
for your system might be improperly connected.
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any problems. Restart the system. Use the <Ctrl> <R>
utility to import the virtual disk or discard the preserved cache. For the steps to manage
preserved cache, see the topic Managing Preserved Cache.
BIOS Disabled Error Message
Error Message:
BIOS Disabled. No Logical Drives Handled by BIOS.
Probable Cause:
This warning message is displayed after you disable the ROM option in the configuration utility.
When the ROM option is disabled, the BIOS cannot boot to Int 13h and cannot provide the
ability to boot from the virtual disk. Int 13h is an interrupt signal that supports numerous
commands that are sent to the BIOS and then passed to the physical disk. The commands
include actions you can perform with a physical disk, such as reading, writing, and formatting.
Corrective
Action:
Enable the ROM option.
Drive Configuration Changes Error Message
Error Message:
Entering the configuration utility in this state will result in
drive configuration changes. Press 'Y' to continue loading the
configuration utility or please power off your system and check
your cables to ensure all disks are present and reboot.
Probable Cause:
The message is displayed after another BIOS warning indicating there are problems with
previously configured disks and you have chosen to accept any changes and continue. The
SAS cables for your system might be improperly connected.
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Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any problems before restarting the system. If there are no
cable problems, press any key or <Y> to continue.
Adapter At Baseport Not Responding Error Message
Error Message:
Adapter at Baseport xxxx is not responding, where xxxx is the
baseport of the controller.
Corrective
Action:
Contact Dell Technical Support.
Offline Or Missing Virtual Drives With Preserved Cache Error Message
Error Message:
There are offline or missing virtual drives with preserved
cache. Please check the cables and ensure that all drives are
present. Press any key to enter the configuration utility.
Probable Cause:
The controller preserves the dirty cache from a virtual disk if the disk becomes offline or is
deleted because of missing physical disks. This preserved dirty cache is called pinned cache,
and is preserved until you import the virtual disk, or discard the cache.
Corrective
Action:
Use the <Ctrl> <R> utility to import the virtual disk or discard the preserved cache. For the
steps used to manage preserved cache, see the topic Managing Preserved Cache.
Virtual Disks Offline Error Message
Error Message:
x Virtual Disk(s) Degraded, where x is the number of virtual
disks degraded.
Probable Cause:
This message is displayed when the BIOS detects virtual disks in a degraded state.
Corrective
Action:
Take corrective action(s) to make the virtual disks optimal. The BIOS does not take any action.
Virtual Disks Degraded Error Message
Error Message:
x Virtual Disk(s) Degraded, where x is the number of virtual
disks degraded.
Probable Cause:
This message is displayed when the BIOS detects virtual disks in a degraded state.
Corrective
Action:
To make the virtual disks optimal, take one the following corrective actions:
•
Ensure all disks in the Virtual Disk are present and online.
•
Replace any failed disks that may be in the array.
•
Correct a hot spare disk, and rebuild the array.
The BIOS does not take any action.
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Virtual Disks Partially Degraded Error Message
Error Message:
x Virtual Disk(s) Partially Degraded, where x is the number of
virtual disks partially degraded.
Probable Cause:
This message is displayed when the BIOS detects a single disk failure in a RAID 6 or RAID 60
configuration.
Corrective
Action:
You must check why the member disk is not present to correct the problem. The BIOS does not
take any action.
Memory Or Battery Problem Error Message
Error Message:
Memory/Battery problems were detected. The adapter has
recovered, but cached data was lost. Press any key to continue
Probable Cause:
The message occurs under the following conditions:
Corrective
Action:
•
The adapter detects data in the controller cache that has not yet been written to the
disk subsystem.
•
The controller detects an Error-Correcting Code (ECC) error while performing its cache
checking routine during initialization.
•
The controller discards the cache rather than sending it to the disk subsystem because
the data integrity cannot be guaranteed.
•
The battery may be under charged.
Allow the battery to charge fully to resolve this problem. If the problem persists, the battery or
controller memory may be faulty. Contact Dell Technical Support.
Firmware Fault State Error Message
Error Message:
Firmware is in Fault State.
Corrective
Action:
Contact Dell Technical Support.
Foreign Configuration Found Error Message
Error Message:
Foreign configuration(s) found on adapter. Press any key to
continue, or ’C’ to load the configuration utility or ’F’ to
import foreign configuration(s) and continue.
Probable Cause:
When a controller firmware detects a physical disk with existing foreign metadata, it flags the
physical disk as foreign and generates an alert indicating that a foreign disk was detected.
Corrective
Action:
Press <F> at this prompt to import the configuration (if all member disks of the virtual disk are
present) without loading the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>). Or press <C> to enter the
BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) and either import or clear the foreign configuration.
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Foreign Configuration Not Found In <Ctrl> <R> Error Message
Error Message:
The foreign configuration message is present during POST but no
foreign configurations are present in the foreign view page in
<Ctrl> <R>. All virtual disks are in an optimal state.
Corrective
Action:
Corrective Action: Ensure all your PDs are present and all VDs are in optimal state. Clear the
foreign configuration using <Ctrl> <R> or Dell OpenManage Server Administrator Storage
Management.
CAUTION: The physical disk goes to Ready state when you clear the foreign configuration.
If you insert a physical disk that was previously a member of a virtual disk in the system, and
that disk’s previous location has been taken by a replacement disk through a rebuild, you must
manually remove the foreign configuration flag of the newly inserted disk.
Previous Configuration Cleared Or Missing Error Message
Error Message:
Previous configuration(s) cleared or missing. Importing
configuration created on XX/XX XX.XX. Press any key to
continue, or ’C’ to load the configuration utility.
Probable Cause:
The message indicates that the controller and physical disks have different configurations.
Corrective
Action:
You can use the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) to clear the foreign configuration.
Invalid SAS Topology Detected Error Message
Error Message:
Invalid SAS topology detected. Please check your cable
configurations, repair the problem, and restart your system.
Probable Cause:
The SAS cables for your system are improperly connected.
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix problems if any. Restart the system.
Multibit ECC Errors Detected Error Messages
Error Message:
NOTE: The following error is specific to the PERC H710 controller only.
Multibit ECC errors were detected on the RAID controller. If
you continue, data corruption can occur. Contact technical
support to resolve this issue. Press 'X' to continue or else
power off the system, replace the controller and reboot.
Or
Multibit ECC errors were detected on the RAID controller. The
DIMM on the controller needs replacement. If you continue, data
corruption can occur. Press 'X' to continue or else power off
the system, replace the DIMM module, and reboot. If you have
replaced the DIMM please press 'X' to continue.
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CAUTION: When removing or replacing the PERC Mini Monolithic Controller, hold the card
by its edges marked by the blue touch points. Do not handle the card while holding the
battery or the heatsink.
For more information, see figure “Removing and Installing the PERC Mini Monolithic Controller”
in Removing The PERC Controller.
CAUTION: Multi-bit ECC errors cause data corruption and data loss. In case of MBE
errors, contact Dell Technical Support.
Probable Cause:
Multi-bit ECC errors occur in the memory and can corrupt cached data and discard it.
Corrective
Action:
Contact Dell Technical Support.
Configured Disks Removed Or Not Accessible Error Message
Error Message:
Some configured disks have been removed from your system or are
no longer accessible. Check your cables and ensure all disks
are present. Press any key or ’C’ to continue.
Probable Cause:
The message indicates that some configured disks were removed. If the disks were not
removed, they are no longer accessible. The SAS cables for your system might be improperly
connected.
Corrective
Action:
Check the cable connections and fix any issues. Restart the system. If there are no cable
problems, press any key or <C> to continue.
Battery Discharged Or Disconnected Error Message
Error Message:
The battery is currently discharged or disconnected. Verify the
connection and allow 30 minutes for charging. If the battery is
properly connected and it has not returned to operational state
after 30 minutes of charging then contact technical support for
additional assistance.
Probable Cause:
This message may appear for controller without battery, depending on the virtual disks’
policies.
Corrective
Action:
•
The controller battery is missing or currently inaccessible, contact Dell support if the
problem persist after 30 minutes.
•
The controller battery is completely discharged and needs to be charged for it to
become active. You must first charge the battery and wait for a few minutes for the
system to detect it.
Degraded State Of Virtual Disks
A redundant virtual disk is in a degraded state when one or more physical disks have failed or are inaccessible. For
example, if a RAID 1 virtual disk consists of two physical disks and one of them fails or become inaccessible, the virtual
disk become degraded.
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To recover a virtual disk from a degraded state, you must replace the failed physical disk and rebuild it. Once the
rebuilding process is complete, the virtual disk state changes from degraded to optimal. For information on rebuilding
the disk, see the topic Performing A Manual Rebuild Of An Individual Physical Disk.
Memory Errors
Memory errors can corrupt cached data, so the controllers are designed to detect and attempt to recover from the
memory errors. Single-bit memory errors can be handled by the controller and do not disrupt normal operation. A
notification is sent if the number of single-bit errors exceeds a threshold value.
Multi-bit errors are more serious as they result in corrupted data and data loss. The following are the actions that occur
in the case of multi-bit errors:
•
If a multi-bit error occurs while accessing data in the cache when the controller is started with dirty cache, the
controller discards the cache contents. The controller generates a warning message to the system console to
indicate that the cache was discarded and generates an event.
•
If a multi-bit error occurs at run-time either in code/data or in the cache, the controller stops.
•
The controller logs an event to the controller’s internal event log and a message during POST is displayed
indicating a multi-bit error has occurred.
NOTE: In case of a multi-bit error, contact Dell Technical Support.
Preserved Cache State
The controller preserves the dirty cache from a virtual disk if the virtual disk becomes offline or is deleted because of
missing physical disks. This preserved dirty cache is called pinned cache and is preserved until you import the virtual
disk or discard the cache.
Use the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) to select whether to import the virtual disk or discard the preserved
cache. In the VD Mgmt menu, select Manage Preserved Cache and follow the steps on the screen.
General Issues
PERC Card Has Yellow Bang In Device Manager
Issue:
The device is displayed in Device Manager but has a yellow bang (exclamation mark).
Corrective
Action:
Reinstall the driver. For more information on reinstalling drivers, see the topic Driver
Installation.
PERC Card Not Seen In Device Manager
Issue:
The device does not appear in the Device Manager.
Correction:
Turn off the system and reseat the controller.
For more information see, Installing The PERC Controller.
No Hard Drives Found Error Message During Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Installation
Issue:
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No Hard Drives Found message is displayed during a media-based installation of
Microsoft Windows Server 2003.
Corrective
Action:
The issue occurs
because of any of
the following
causes:
•
The driver is not native in the operating system.
To resolve the issue, press <F6> to install the RAID device
driver during installation.
•
The virtual disks are not configured properly.
To resolve the issue, enter the BIOS Configuration Utility
(<Ctrl> <R>) to configure the virtual disks. For procedures to
configure the virtual disks, see the topic Management
Applications For PERC Cards.
•
The controller BIOS is disabled.
To resolve the issue, enter the BIOS Configuration Utility
(<Ctrl> <R>) to enable the BIOS. For information on
configuring virtual disks, see the topic Management
Applications For PERC Cards.
Physical Disk Issues
Physical Disk In Failed State
Issue:
One of the physical disks in the disk array is in the failed state.
Corrective
Action:
Update the PERC cards to the latest firmware available on dell.com/support.
Unable to Rebuild A Fault Tolerant Virtual Disk
Issue:
Cannot rebuild a fault tolerant virtual disk. For more information, see the alert log for virtual
disks.
Corrective
Action:
The replacement disk is too small or not compatible with the virtual disk. Replace the failed
disk with a compatible good physical disk with equal or greater capacity.
Fatal Error Or Data Corruption Reported
Issue:
Fatal error(s) or data corruption(s) are reported when accessing virtual disks.
Corrective
Action:
Contact Dell Technical Support.
Physical Disk Displayed As Blocked
Issue:
One or more physical disks is displayed as Blocked and cannot be configured.
Corrective
Action:
Update the PERC cards to the latest firmware available on dell.com/support.
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Multiple Disks Become Inaccessible
Issue:
Rebuilding the physical disks after multiple disks become simultaneously inaccessible.
Corrective
Action:
Multiple physical disk errors in a single array typically indicate a failure in cabling or
connection and could involve the loss of data. You can recover the virtual disk after multiple
physical disks become simultaneously inaccessible. Perform the following steps to recover the
virtual disk:
CAUTION: Follow the safety precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge.
1. Turn off the system, check cable connections, and reseat physical disks.
2. Ensure that all the disks are present in the enclosure.
3. Turn on the system and enter the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) utility.
4. Import the foreign configuration.
5. Press <F> at the prompt to import the configuration, or press <C> to enter the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl>
<R>) and either import or clear the foreign configuration.
If the virtual disk is redundant and transitioned to Degraded state before going Offline, a rebuild operation starts
automatically after the configuration is imported. If the virtual disk has gone directly to the Offline state due to a cable
pull or power loss situation, the virtual disk is imported in its Optimal state without a rebuild occurring.
NOTE: You can use the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) or Dell OpenManage storage management
application to perform a manual rebuild of multiple physical disks. For information on rebuilding a single physical
disk, see the topic Performing A Manual Rebuild Of An Individual Physical Disk.
Rebuilding A Failed Physical Disk
Issue:
Rebuilding a physical disk after one of them is in a failed state.
Corrective
Action:
If you have configured hot spares, the PERC card automatically tries to use one of them to
rebuild a physical disk that is in a failed state. Manual rebuild is necessary if no hot spares with
enough capacity to rebuild the failed physical disks are available. You must insert a physical
disk with enough storage in the subsystem before rebuilding the physical disk.
NOTE: You can use the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl> <R>) or Dell OpenManage storage management
application to perform a manual rebuild of an individual physical disk. For information on rebuilding a single
physical disk, see the topic Performing A Manual Rebuild Of An Individual Physical Disk.
Virtual Disk Fails During Rebuild Using A Global Hot Spare
Issue:
A virtual disk fails during rebuild while using a global hot spare.
Description:
The global hot spare goes back to Hotspare state and the virtual disk goes to Failed state.
Virtual Disk Fails During Rebuild Using A Dedicated Hot Spare
Issue:
A virtual disk fails during rebuild while using a dedicated hot spare.
Description:
The dedicated hot spare goes to Ready state and the virtual disk goes to Failed state.
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Physical Disk Fails During Reconstruction On Redundant Virtual Disk
Issue:
A physical disk fails during a reconstruction process on a redundant virtual disk that has a hot
spare.
Corrective
Action:
The dedicated hot spare goes to Ready state and the virtual disk goes to Failed state.
Virtual Disk Fails Rebuild Using A Dedicated Hot Spare
Issue:
A virtual disk fails during rebuild while using a dedicated hot spare.
Description:
The dedicated hot spare goes to Ready state and the virtual disk goes to Failed state.
Physical Disk Takes A Long Time To Rebuild
Issue:
A physical disk is taking longer than expected to rebuild.
Description:
A physical disk takes longer to rebuild when under high stress. For example, there is one
rebuild I/O operation for every five host I/O operations. You cannot add a second virtual disk to
a disk group while the virtual disk in that disk group is undergoing a rebuild. The firmware does
not allow you to create a virtual disk using the free space available in a disk group if a physical
disk in a virtual disk group is undergoing a rebuild operation.
SMART Errors
SMART monitors the internal performance of all motors, heads, and physical disk electronics and detects predictable
physical disk failures.
NOTE: For information about where to find reports of SMART errors that could indicate hardware failure, see the
Dell OpenManage storage management documentation at dell.com/support/manuals.
Smart Error Detected On A Physical Disk In A Redundant Virtual Disk
Issue:
A SMART error is detected on a physical disk in a redundant virtual disk.
Corrective
Action:
Perform the following steps:
1. Back up your data.
2. Force the physical disk offline.
NOTE: If a hot spare is present, the rebuild starts with the hot spare after the disk is
forced offline.
3. Replace the disk with a new physical disk of equal or higher capacity.
4. Perform the Replace Member operation.
NOTE: The Replace Member operation allows you to copy data from a source
physical disk of a virtual disk to a target physical disk that is not a part of the virtual
disk. For more information about the Replace Member feature, see the topic Using
Replace Member And Revertible Hot Spares.
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Smart Error Detected On A Physical Disk In A Non-Redundant Virtual Disk
Issue:
A SMART error is detected on a physical disk in a redundant virtual disk.
Corrective
Action:
Perform the following steps:
1. Back up your data.
2. Use Replace Member or set up a global hot spare to replace the disk automatically.
NOTE: For more information about the Replace Member feature, see the topic Using
Replace Member And Revertible Hot Spares.
3. Replace the affected physical disk with a new physical disk of equal or higher capacity.
4. Restore from the backup.
Replace Member Errors
NOTE: For more information about the Replace Member features, see the topic Using Replace Member And
Revertible Hot Spares.
Source Disk Fails During Replace Member Operation
Issue:
The source disk fails during the Replace Member operation.
Corrective
Action:
If the source data is available from other disks in the virtual disk, the rebuild begins
automatically on the target disk, using the data from the other disks.
Target Disk Fails
Issue:
The target disk fails.
Corrective
Action:
If the target disk fails, the Replace Member operation aborts.
General Disk Fails
Issue:
A general disk fails.
Corrective
Action:
If the target disk fails and the Replace Member operation aborts but the source data is still
available, then the Replace Member operation continues as Replace Member.
Linux Operating System Errors
Virtual Disk Policy Is Assumed As Write-Through Error Message
Error:
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<Date:Time> <HostName> kernel: sdb: asking for cache data
failed
<Date:Time> <HostName> kernel: sdb: assuming drive cache: write
through
Corrective
Action:
The error message is displayed when the Linux Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) midlayer asks for physical disk cache settings. The controller firmware manages the virtual disk
cache settings on a per controller and a per virtual disk basis, so the firmware does not
respond to this command. The Linux SCSI mid-layer assumes that the virtual disk's cache
policy is Write-Through. SDB is the device node for a virtual disk. This value changes for each
virtual disk.
See the topic Write-Back And Write-Through for more information about Write-Through cache.
Except for this message, there is no effect of this behavior on normal operation. The cache
policy of the virtual disk and the I/O throughput are not affected by this message. The cache
policy settings for the PERC SAS RAID system remain unchanged.
Driver Does Not Auto-Build Into New Kernel
Issue:
Driver does not auto-build into new kernel after customer updates.
Corrective
Action:
This error is a generic problem for Dynamic Kernel Module Support (DKMS) and applies to all
DKMS-enabled driver packages. This issue occurs when you perform the following steps:
1. Install a DKMS-enabled driver package.
2. Run up2date or a similar tool to upgrade the kernel to the latest version.
3. Reboot to the new kernel.
The driver running in the new kernel is the native driver of the new kernel. The driver package
you installed previously in the new kernel does not take effect in the new kernel:
1. Type: dkms build –m <module_name> –v <module version> –k
<kernel version>.
2. Type: dkms install –m <module_name> –v <module version> –k
<kernel version>.
3. Type the following to check whether the driver is successfully installed in the new kernel:
DKMS. The following details appear:
<driver name>, <driver version>, <new kernel version>:
installed
Unable To Register SCSI Device Error Message
Error:
smartd[smartd[2338] Device: /dev/sda, Bad IEC (SMART) mode
page, err=-5, skip device smartd[2338] Unable to register SCSI
device /dev/sda at line 1 of file /etc/smartd.conf.
Corrective
Action:
This is a known issue. An unsupported command is entered through the user application. User
applications attempt to direct Command Descriptor Blocks to RAID volumes. The error
message does not affect the feature functionality. The Mode Sense/Select command is
supported by firmware on the controller. However, the Linux kernel daemon issues the
command to the virtual disk instead of to the driver IOCTL node. This action is not supported.
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Disk Carrier LED Indicators
The LED on the physical disk carrier indicates the state of each physical disk. Each disk carrier in your enclosure has
two LEDs: an activity LED (green) and a status LED (bicolor, green/amber). The activity LED is active whenever a disk is
being accessed while the status LED indicates when a disk is being spun up, is rebuilding, or is in a fault state.
Figure 5. Disk Carrier LED Indicators
1. activity LED
2. status LED
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Appendix: RAID Description
9
RAID is a group of independent physical disks that provides high performance by increasing the number of disks used
for saving and accessing data.
CAUTION: In the event of a physical disk failure, a RAID 0 virtual disk fails, resulting in data loss.
A RAID disk subsystem offers the following benefits:
•
Improved I/O performance and data availability.
•
Improved data throughput because several disks are accessed simultaneously. The physical disk group appears
either as a single storage unit or multiple logical units to the host system.
•
Improved data storage availability and fault tolerance. Data loss caused by a physical disk failure can be
recovered by rebuilding missing data from the remaining physical disks containing data or parity.
Summary Of RAID Levels
NOTE: PERC H710, H710P and H810 cards support all RAID levels listed below. PERC H310 supports RAID 5 with
limited performance and does not support RAID 6 and RAID 60.
•
RAID 0 uses disk striping to provide high data throughput, especially for large files in an environment that
requires no data redundancy.
•
RAID 1 uses disk mirroring so that data written to one physical disk is simultaneously written to another physical
disk. RAID 1 is good for small databases or other applications that require small capacity and complete data
redundancy.
•
RAID 5 uses disk striping and parity data across all physical disks (distributed parity) to provide high data
throughput and data redundancy, especially for small random access.
•
RAID 6 is an extension of RAID 5 and uses an additional parity block. RAID 6 uses block-level striping with two
parity blocks distributed across all member disks. RAID 6 provides protection against double disk failures, and
failures while a single disk is rebuilding. If you are using only one array, deploying RAID 6 is more effective than
deploying a hot spare disk.
•
RAID 10 is a combination of RAID 0 and RAID 1, uses disk striping across mirrored disks. It provides high data
throughput and complete data redundancy. RAID 10 can support up to eight spans, and up to 32 physical disks
per span.
•
RAID 50 is a combination of RAID 0 and RAID 5 where a RAID 0 array is striped across RAID 5 elements. RAID 50
requires at least six disks.
•
RAID 60 is a combination of RAID 0 and RAID 6 where a RAID 0 array is striped across RAID 6 elements. RAID 60
requires at least eight disks.
RAID Terminology
Disk Striping
Disk striping allows you to write data across multiple physical disks instead of just one physical disk. Disk striping
involves partitioning each physical disk storage space in stripes of the following sizes: 64 KB, 128 KB, 256 KB, 512 KB,
and 1024 KB. The stripes are interleaved in a repeated sequential manner. The part of the stripe on a single physical disk
is called a stripe element.
85
For example, in a four-disk system using only disk striping (used in RAID 0), segment 1 is written to disk 1, segment 2 is
written to disk 2, and so on. Disk striping enhances performance because multiple physical disks are accessed
simultaneously, but disk striping does not provide data redundancy.
Figure 6. Example of Disk Striping (RAID 0)
Disk Mirroring
With mirroring (used in RAID 1), data written to one disk is simultaneously written to another disk. If one disk fails, the
contents of the other disk can be used to run the system and rebuild the failed physical disk. The primary advantage of
disk mirroring is that it provides complete data redundancy. Both disks contain the same data at all times. Either of the
physical disks can act as the operational physical disk.
Disk mirroring provides complete redundancy, but is an expensive option because each physical disk in the system must
be duplicated.
NOTE: Mirrored physical disks improve read performance by read load balance.
Figure 7. Example of Disk Mirroring (RAID 1)
Spanned RAID Levels
Spanning is a term used to describe the way in which RAID levels 10, 50, and 60 are constructed from multiple sets of
basic, or simple RAID levels. For example, a RAID 10 has multiple sets of RAID 1 arrays where each RAID 1 set is
considered a span. Data is then striped (RAID 0) across the RAID 1 spans to create a RAID 10 virtual disk. Similarly, RAID
50 and RAID 60 combine multiple sets of RAID 5 or RAID 6 respectively with striping.
Parity Data
Parity data is redundant data that is generated to provide fault tolerance within certain RAID levels. In the event of a disk
failure, the parity data can be used by the controller to regenerate user data. Parity data is present for RAID 5, 6, 50, and
60.
The parity data is distributed across all the physical disks in the system. If a single physical disk fails, it can be rebuilt
from the parity and the data on the remaining physical disks. RAID level 5 combines distributed parity with disk striping.
Parity provides redundancy for one physical disk failure without duplicating the contents of the entire physical disks.
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RAID 6 combines dual distributed parity with disk striping. This level of parity allows for two disk failures without
duplicating the contents of entire physical disks.
Figure 8. Example of Distributed Parity (RAID 5)
NOTE: Parity is distributed across multiple physical disks in the disk group.
Figure 9. Example of Dual Distributed Parity (RAID 6)
NOTE: Parity is distributed across all disks in the array.
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