Owner`s manual | Dell T110 Server User Manual

Mayzie_HOM.book Page 1 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
Dell™ PowerEdge™ T110
Systems
Hardware Owner’s
Manual
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Notes, Cautions, and Warnings
NOTE: A NOTE indicates important information that helps you make better use of
your computer.
CAUTION: A CAUTION indicates potential damage to hardware or loss of data if
instructions are not followed.
WARNING: A WARNING indicates a potential for property damage, personal
injury, or death.
____________________
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
© 2009 Dell Inc. All rights reserved.
Reproduction of these materials in any manner whatsoever without the written permission of Dell Inc.
is strictly forbidden.
Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and PowerEdge are trademarks of Dell Inc.;
Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server, and MS-DOS are either trademarks or registered trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming
the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and
trade names other than its own.
August 2009
Rev. A00
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Contents
1
About Your System .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing System Features During Startup .
11
. . . . . .
11
Front-Panel Features and Indicators
. . . . . . . . . .
12
Back-Panel Features and Indicators
. . . . . . . . . .
14
Guidelines for Connecting External Devices
. . . . . .
15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
Power Selection .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
Diagnostic Lights
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
System Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
NIC Indicator Codes
Warning Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostics Messages
Alert Messages
33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Other Information You May Need
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents
33
3
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2
Using the System Setup Program and
UEFI Boot Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing the System Boot Mode
. .
35
. . . . . . . . . . . .
35
Entering the System Setup Program .
. . . . . . . . . .
36
Responding to Error Messages .
. . . . . . . . . .
36
Using the System Setup Program
Navigation Keys . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .
36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
System Setup Options
Main Screen
Memory Settings Screen .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
39
SATA Settings Screen.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
40
Boot Settings Screen .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
Processor Settings Screen .
Integrated Devices Screen .
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
43
Serial Communication Screen
. . . . . . . . . . .
43
. . . . . . . . . . . .
44
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
47
System Security Screen
Exit Screen
Entering the UEFI Boot Manager.
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the UEFI Boot Manager
Navigation Keys . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
47
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49
UEFI Boot Settings Screen
System Utilities Screen .
47
. . . . . . . . . . . .
UEFI Boot Manager Screen.
Contents
42
PCI IRQ Assignments Screen .
Power Management Screen
4
39
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System and Setup Password Features
. . . . . . . . .
49
. . . . . . . . . . . .
49
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
52
Using the System Password
Using the Setup Password
Embedded System Management
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Baseboard Management Controller Configuration
. . . .
54
. . . . . . . . .
54
. . . . . . . .
55
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
Entering the BMC Setup Module .
3
Installing System Components
Recommended Tools .
Inside the System
. . . . . . . . . . . .
57
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
Opening and Closing the System
Opening the System
Closing the System
Front Bezel .
53
Removing the Front Bezel
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
59
Installing the Front Bezel .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Removing Front Bezel Insert
. . . . . . . . . . . .
60
Installing Front Bezel Insert
. . . . . . . . . . . .
61
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
EMI Filler Panel
Removing an EMI Filler Panel
. . . . . . . . . . .
61
Installing an EMI Filler Panel .
. . . . . . . . . . .
62
Contents
5
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Optical and Tape Drives (Optional)
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
63
. . . . . . . . .
66
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
Removing an Optical or Tape Drive .
Installing an Optical or Tape Drive
Hard Drives .
. . . . . . . . .
68
Removing a Hard Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
68
Installing a Hard Drive
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
Hard Drive Installation Guidelines
Removing a Hard Drive from a
Hard-Drive Bracket . . . . . .
Expansion Card Stabilizer
. . . . . . . . . . .
71
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
72
. . . . .
72
. . . . . .
72
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
73
Removing the Expansion Card Stabilizer .
Installing the Expansion Card Stabilizer
Cooling Shroud .
Removing the Cooling Shroud
. . . . . . . . . . .
73
Installing the Cooling Shroud .
. . . . . . . . . . .
74
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
Expansion Cards
Expansion Card Installation Guidelines .
. . . . . .
75
. . . . . . . . . . .
76
. . . . . . . . . . . .
78
Removing an Expansion Card .
Installing an Expansion Card
. . . . . . . . . .
79
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
SAS Controller Expansion Card .
System Memory
General Memory Module
Installation Guidelines . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
Mode-Specific Guidelines
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
80
Removing Memory Modules
. . . . . . . . . . . .
82
Installing Memory Modules.
. . . . . . . . . . . .
83
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
Processor .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
85
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
88
Removing the Processor
Installing a Processor .
6
Contents
63
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Cooling Fan.
Removing the Cooling Fan
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
89
Installing the Cooling Fan .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
90
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
System Battery .
. . . . . . . . . . .
91
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
93
Replacing the System Battery
Power Supply
Removing the Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . . . .
93
Installing the Power Supply
. . . . . . . . . . . .
94
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
96
Internal USB Memory Key
Chassis Intrusion Switch
Removing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
. . . . . .
96
Installing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
. . . . . .
97
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
98
Control Panel Assembly .
Removing the Control Panel Assembly .
. . . . . .
98
. . . . . . .
100
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
101
Installing the Control Panel Assembly
System Board
4
89
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the System Board
. . . . . . . . . . . .
101
Installing the System Board
. . . . . . . . . . . .
102
Troubleshooting Your System
Safety First—For You and Your System
. . . . . . . .
105
. . . . . . . . .
105
. . . . . . . .
105
Troubleshooting External Connections
. . . . . . . . .
105
Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
. . . . . . . . .
106
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
106
Troubleshooting System Startup Failure
Troubleshooting a USB Device
Contents
7
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Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device .
Troubleshooting a NIC
. . . . . . . . .
107
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
107
Troubleshooting a Wet System.
. . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting a Damaged System.
. . . . . . . . .
109
Troubleshooting the System Battery .
. . . . . . . . .
110
. . . . . . . . . . . .
111
Troubleshooting Power Supply
Troubleshooting System Cooling Problems
Troubleshooting Cooling Fan
. . . . . .
111
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
112
Troubleshooting System Memory
. . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting an Optical Drive
114
. . . . . . . . . . .
115
. . . . . . . . .
116
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
117
Troubleshooting a Tape Backup Unit
Troubleshooting a Hard Drive
Troubleshooting Expansion Cards .
Troubleshooting the Processor
. . . . . . . . . .
118
. . . . . . . . . . . .
119
Running the System Diagnostics .
Using Online Diagnostics
. . . . .
121
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
121
Embedded System Diagnostics Features
. . . . . . .
When to Use the Embedded System Diagnostics
System Diagnostics Testing Options.
Contents
121
. . .
122
. . . . .
122
. . . . . . . . .
122
Running the Embedded System Diagnostics
8
113
. . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting an Internal USB Key
5
108
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Using the Custom Test Options
Selecting Devices for Testing
. . . . . . . . . . .
123
Selecting Diagnostics Options
. . . . . . . . . . .
123
Viewing Information and Results .
6
Jumpers and Connectors
System Board Jumper
Index
125
125
126
128
. . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contacting Dell
Glossary
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disabling a Forgotten Password
Getting Help .
124
. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Board Connectors .
7
123
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
129
129
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
131
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
139
Contents
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10
Contents
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About Your System
Accessing System Features During Startup
The following keystrokes provide access to system features during startup:
Keystroke
Description
<F2>
Enters the System Setup program. See "Using the System Setup
Program and UEFI Boot Manager" on page 35.
<F10>
Enters System Services, which opens the Unified Server
Configurator (USC). The USC allows you to access utilities such as
embedded system diagnostics. For more information, see the USC
documentation.
<F11>
Enters the BIOS Boot Manager or the Unified Extensible
Firmware Interface (UEFI) Boot Manager, depending on the
system's boot configuration. See "Using the System Setup Program
and UEFI Boot Manager" on page 35.
<F12>
Starts Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) boot.
<Ctrl><E> Enters the Baseboard Management Controller (BMC)
Configuration Utility, which allows access to the System Event Log
(SEL) and configuration of remote access to the system. For more
information, see the BMC user documentation.
<Ctrl><C> Enters the SAS Configuration Utility. For more information, see
the SAS adapter documentation.
<Ctrl><R> Enters the PERC configuration utility. For more information, see
the PERC card documentation.
<Ctrl><S> Enters the utility to configure NIC settings for PXE boot. For more
information, see the documentation for your integrated NIC.
About Your System
11
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Front-Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 1-1.
Front Panel Features and Indicators
1
2
3
4
7
6
5
Item
Indicator, Button, or
Connector
1
Power-on indicator,
power button
Icon
Description
The power-on indicator lights when the
system power is on.
The power button controls the DC
power supply output to the system.
NOTE: When powering on the system, the
video monitor can take from several
seconds to over 2 minutes to display an
image, depending on the amount of
memory installed in the system.
NOTE: On ACPI-compliant operating
systems, turning off the system using the
power button causes the system to
perform a graceful shutdown before
power to the system is turned off.
12
About Your System
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Item
Indicator, Button, or
Connector
Icon
Description
2
System health
indicator
The system health indicator blinks
amber when a system fault is detected.
3
Hard drive activity
indicator
The hard drive activity indicator lights
up when the hard drive is in use.
4
USB connectors (2)
Connects USB devices to the system.
The ports are USB 2.0-compliant.
5
Diagnostic indicator
lights (4)
The four diagnostic indicator lights
display error codes during system
startup. See "Diagnostic Lights" on
page 18.
6
Tape drive (optional)
One optional half-height (using one
drive bay).
7
Optical drive
(optional)
One optional SATA DVD-ROM drive or
DVD+/-RW drive.
NOTE: DVD devices are data only.
About Your System
13
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Back-Panel Features and Indicators
Figure 1-2.
Back-Panel Features and Indicators
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Item
Indicator, Button, or
Connector
1
Padlock ring
Locks the cover release latch
2
Security cable slot
Connects a cable lock to the system
3
Voltage selection
switch
Sets the voltage for the power supply to
the voltage that most closely matches
the AC power available at your location
14
About Your System
Icon
Description
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Item
Indicator, Button, or
Connector
Icon
Description
4
Power supply
305 W power supply
5
Cable clasp
Secures the power cable
6
USB connectors (4)
Connects USB devices to the system.
The ports are USB 2.0-compliant
7
eSATA connector
Connects additional storage devices
8
Serial connector
Connects a serial device to the system
9
Video connector
Connects a VGA display to the system
10
Ethernet connector
Integrated 10/100/1000 NIC connector
11
PCIe expansion card
slots (4)
Connects up to four PCI Express
expansion cards
Guidelines for Connecting External Devices
•
Turn off power to the system and external devices before attaching a new
external device. Turn on any external devices before turning on the system
(unless the documentation for the device specifies otherwise).
•
Ensure that the appropriate driver for the attached device has been
installed on the system.
•
If necessary to enable ports on your system, use the System Setup program.
See "Using the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35.
About Your System
15
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NIC Indicator Codes
Figure 1-3. NIC Indicator Codes
2
1
1
link indicator
2
activity indicator
Indicator
Indicator Code
Link and activity indicators
are off
The NIC is not connected to the network.
Link indicator is green
The NIC is connected to a valid network link at
1000 Mbps.
Link indicator is amber
The NIC is connected to a valid network link at
10/100 Mbps.
Activity indicator is green
blinking
Network data is being sent or received.
16
About Your System
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Power Selection
The voltage selection switch on the back panel of the system allows you to
select one of two primary voltage inputs.
Figure 1-4.
Power Selection Switch
CAUTION: Be sure to set the voltage selection switch on the power supply for the
voltage that most closely matches the AC power available at your location.
Ensure that the switch is set to the proper voltage according to Table 1-1.
Table 1-1.
Voltage Selection Switch
If your power source is:
The voltage selection switch should be set to:
110 V
115
220 V
230
About Your System
17
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Diagnostic Lights
The four diagnostic indicator lights on the system front panel display error
codes during system startup. Table 1-2 lists the causes and possible corrective
actions associated with these codes. A highlighted circle indicates the light is
on; a non-highlighted circle indicates the light is off.
Table 1-2.
Code
Diagnostic Indicator Code
Causes
Corrective Action
The system is in a normal Plug the system into a working
off condition or a possible electrical outlet and press the
pre-BIOS failure has
power button.
occurred.
The diagnostic lights are
not lit after the system
successfully boots to the
operating system.
The system is in a normal Information only.
operating condition after
POST.
BIOS checksum failure
detected; system is in
recovery mode.
See "Getting Help" on page 129.
Possible processor failure. See "Troubleshooting the
Processor" on page 119.
18
Memory failure.
See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 113.
Possible expansion card
failure.
See "Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards" on page 118.
Possible video failure.
See "Getting Help" on page 129.
About Your System
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Code
Causes
Corrective Action
Hard drive failure.
Ensure that the hard drives are
properly connected. See "Hard
Drives" on page 68 for
information on the drives
installed in your system.
Possible USB failure.
See "Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 106.
No memory modules
detected.
See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 113.
System board failure.
See "Getting Help" on page 129.
Memory configuration
error.
See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 113.
Possible system board
resource and/or system
board hardware failure.
See "Getting Help" on page 129.
Possible system resource
configuration error.
See "Getting Help" on page 129.
Other failure.
Ensure that the optical drive and
hard drives are properly
connected. See "Troubleshooting
Your System" on page 105 for the
appropriate drive installed in your
system. If the problem persists,
see "Getting Help" on page 129.
About Your System
19
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System Messages
System messages appear on the screen to notify you of a possible problem
with the system.
NOTE: If you receive a system message not listed in the table, check the
documentation for the application that is running when the message appears or the
operating system's documentation for an explanation of the message and
recommended action.
Message
Causes
Alert! BMC not
responding.
Rebooting.
The BMC is not
Wait for the system to reboot.
responding to BIOS
communication either
because it is not
functioning properly or has
not completed
initialization. The system
reboots.
Alert! BMC not
responding.
Power required
may exceed PSU
wattage.
The BMC is hung.
The BMC was remotely
reset while system was
booting.
After AC recovery, the
Alert!
BMC takes longer than
Continuing
normal to boot.
system boot
accepts the risk
that system may
power down
without warning.
20
About Your System
Corrective Actions
Remove AC power to the
system for 10 seconds and
restart the system.
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Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Alert! Power
required exceeds
PSU wattage.
Check PSU and
system
configuration.
The system configuration
of processor, memory
modules, and expansion
cards may not be supported
by the power supply.
If any system components
were just upgraded, return the
system to the previous
configuration. If the system
boots without this warning,
then the replaced
component(s) are not
supported with this power
supply. See "Power Supply" on
page 93.
Alert!
Continuing
system boot
accepts the risk
that system may
power down
without warning.
Alert! System
fatal error
during previous
boot.
An error caused the system Check other system messages
to reboot.
for additional information for
possible causes.
BIOS
MANUFACTURING
MODE detected.
MANUFACTURING
MODE will be
cleared before
the next boot.
System reboot
required for
normal
operation.
System is in manufacturing Reboot to take the system out
mode.
of manufacturing mode.
BIOS Update
Attempt Failed!
Remote BIOS update
attempt failed.
Retry the BIOS update. If
problem persists, see "Getting
Help" on page 129.
About Your System
21
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Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Caution!
NVRAM_CLR jumper
is installed on
system
board.Please run
SETUP.
NVRAM_CLR jumper is
installed in the clear
setting. CMOS has been
cleared.
Move the NVRAM_CLR
jumper to the default position
(pins 3 and 5). See Figure 6-1
for jumper location. Restart
the system and re-enter the
BIOS settings. See "Using the
System Setup Program and
UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35.
CPU set to
minimum
frequency.
The processor speed may
be intentionally set lower
for power conservation.
If not an intentional setting,
check other system messages
for possible causes.
Current boot mode
is set to UEFI.
Please ensure
compatible
bootable media is
available. Use
the system setup
program to change
the boot mode as
needed.
The system failed to boot
because UEFI boot mode is
enabled in BIOS and the
boot operating system is
non-UEFI.
Ensure that the boot mode is
set correctly and that the
proper bootable media is
available. See "Using the
System Setup Program and
UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35.
Decreasing
available
memory.
Faulty or improperly
Reseat the memory modules.
installed memory modules. See "Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 113.
Embedded NICx and
NICy:
OS NIC=<ENABLED
|DISABLED>,
Management
Shared NIC=
<ENABLED
|DISABLED>
The operating system NIC
interface is set in BIOS.
The Management Shared
NIC interface is set in
management tools.
22
About Your System
Check the system
management software or the
System Setup program for
NIC settings. If a problem is
indicated, see
"Troubleshooting a NIC" on
page 107.
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Message
Causes
Error 8602 Auxiliary Device
Failure. Verify
that mouse and
keyboard are
securely
attached to
correct
connectors.
Mouse or keyboard cable is Reseat the mouse or keyboard
loose or improperly
cable.
connected.
Defective mouse or
keyboard.
Corrective Actions
Ensure that the mouse or
keyboard is operational. See
"Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 106.
Gate A20 failure. Faulty keyboard controller; See "Getting Help" on
faulty system board.
page 129.
General failure. The operating system is
unable to carry out the
command.
This message is usually
followed by specific
information. Note the
information, and take the
appropriate action to resolve
the problem.
Invalid
configuration
information please run SETUP
program.
An invalid system
configuration caused a
system to halt.
Keyboard
controller
failure.
Faulty keyboard controller; See "Getting Help" on
faulty system board.
page 129.
Keyboard data
line failure.
Keyboard cable connector Reseat the keyboard cable. If
is improperly connected or the problem persists, see
the keyboard is defective. "Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 106.
Keyboard stuck
key failure.
Keyboard fuse has Overcurrent detected at
failed.
the keyboard connector.
Run the System Setup
program and review the
current settings. See "Using
the System Setup Program and
UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35.
See "Getting Help" on
page 129.
About Your System
23
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 24 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
Message
Causes
Local keyboard
The USB ports are disabled
may not work
in the system BIOS.
because all user
accessible USB
ports are
disabled. If
operating
locally, power
cycle the system
and enter system
setup program to
change settings.
Corrective Actions
Power down and restart the
system from the power button,
and then enter the System
Setup program to enable the
USB port(s). See "Entering the
System Setup Program" on
page 36.
Manufacturing
mode detected.
System is in manufacturing Reboot to take the system out
mode.
of manufacturing mode.
Maximum rank
count exceeded.
The following
DIMM has been
disabled: x
Invalid memory
configuration. The system
will run but with the
specified memory module
disabled.
Memory address
line failure at
address, read
value expecting
value.
Faulty or improperly
See "Troubleshooting System
installed memory modules. Memory" on page 113.
Memory double
word logic
failure at
address, read
value expecting
value.
Faulty or improperly
See "Troubleshooting System
installed memory modules. Memory" on page 113.
Memory
Initialization
Warning: Memory
size may be
reduced.
Invalid memory
configuration. The system
will run but with less
memory than is physically
available.
24
About Your System
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 25 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Memory odd/even
logic failure at
address, read
value expecting
value.
Faulty or improperly
See "Troubleshooting System
installed memory modules. Memory" on page 113.
Memory
write/read
failure at
address, read
value expecting
value.
Faulty or improperly
See "Troubleshooting System
installed memory modules. Memory" on page 113.
Memory set to
minimum
frequency.
The memory frequency
may be intentionally set
lower for power
conservation.
If not an intentional setting,
check any other system
messages for possible causes.
The current memory
configuration may support
only the minimum
frequency.
Ensure that your memory
configuration supports the
higher frequency. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
Memory tests
terminated by
keystroke.
POST memory test was
Information only.
terminated by pressing the
spacebar.
MEMTEST lane
failure
detected on x.
Invalid memory
configuration. A
mismatched memory
module is installed.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
About Your System
25
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 26 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
No boot device
available.
Faulty or missing optical
drive subsystem, hard drive,
or hard-drive subsystem, or
no bootable USB key
installed.
Use a bootable USB key, CD,
or hard drive. If the problem
persists, see "Troubleshooting
a USB Device" on page 106,
"Troubleshooting an Optical
Drive" on page 115, and
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 117. See "Using
the System Setup Program and
UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35 for information on
setting the order of boot
devices.
No boot sector on Incorrect configuration
hard drive.
settings in System Setup
program, or no operating
system on hard drive.
Check the hard-drive
configuration settings in the
System Setup program. See
"Using the System Setup
Program and UEFI Boot
Manager" on page 35. If
necessary, install the operating
system on your hard drive. See
your operating system
documentation.
No timer tick
interrupt.
Faulty system board.
PCI BIOS failed
to install.
PCIe device BIOS (Option Reseat the expansion card(s).
ROM) checksum failure
Ensure that all appropriate
detected during shadowing. cables are securely connected
Cables to expansion card(s) to the expansion card(s). If the
loose; faulty or improperly problem persists, see
installed expansion card(s). "Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards" on page 118.
Faulty or improperly
PCIe Training
installed PCIe card in the
Error: Expected
Link Width is x, specified slot.
Actual Link Width
is y.
26
About Your System
See "Getting Help" on
page 129.
Reseat the PCIe card in the
specified slot number. See
"Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards" on page 118. If the
problem persists, see "Getting
Help" on page 129.
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 27 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Plug & Play
Configuration
Error.
Error encountered in
initializing PCIe device;
faulty system board.
Install the NVRAM_CLR
jumper in the clear position
(pins 1 and 3) and reboot the
system. See Figure 6-1 for
jumper location. If the
problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting Expansion
Cards" on page 118.
Quad rank DIMM
Invalid memory
detected after
configuration.
single rank or
dual rank DIMM in
socket.
Read fault.
Requested sector
not found.
The operating system
cannot read from the hard
drive, optical drive, or USB
device; the system could
not find a particular sector
on the disk, or the
requested sector is
defective.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
Replace the optical medium,
USB medium or device.
Ensure that the USB or SATA
cables are properly connected.
See "Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 106,
"Troubleshooting an Optical
Drive" on page 115, and
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 117 for the
appropriate drive(s) installed
in your system.
SATA Port x
There is no device
Information only.
device not found. connected to the specified
SATA port.
SATA port x
device autosensing error.
The drive connected to the Replace the faulty drive.
specified SATA port is
faulty.
SATA port x
device
configuration
error.
SATA port x
device error.
About Your System
27
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Message
Causes
Sector not found. Faulty hard drive, USB
device or medium.
Seek error.
Seek operation
failed.
Shutdown
failure.
General system error.
Corrective Actions
Replace the USB medium or
device. Ensure that the USB
cables are properly connected.
See "Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 106 or
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 117 for the
appropriate drive(s) installed
in your system.
See "Getting Help" on
page 129.
The amount of
Memory has been added or If memory has been added or
system memory has removed or a memory
removed, this message is
changed.
module may be faulty.
informative and can be
ignored. If memory has not
been added or removed, check
the SEL to determine if singlebit or multi-bit errors were
detected and replace the faulty
memory module. See
"Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 113.
28
About Your System
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Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
The following
DIMMs should
match in
Invalid memory
configuration. The
specified memory modules
do not match in size,
number of ranks, or
number of data lanes.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
geometry:
x,x,...
The following
DIMMs should
match in rank
count: x,x,...
The following
DIMMs should
match in size:
x,x,...
The following
DIMMs should
match in size
and geometry:
x,x,...
The following
DIMMs should
match in size
and rank count:
x,x,...
Thermal sensor
not detected on
x.
A memory module without Replace the memory module.
a thermal sensor is installed See "System Memory" on
in the specified memory
page 80.
slot.
Time-of-day
clock stopped.
Faulty battery or faulty
chip.
See "Troubleshooting the
System Battery" on page 110.
Time-of-day not
set - please run
SETUP program.
Incorrect Time or Date
settings; faulty system
battery.
Check the Time and Date
settings. See "Using the
System Setup Program and
UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35. If the problem
persists, replace the system
battery. See "System Battery"
on page 91.
About Your System
29
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Message
Causes
Timer chip
Faulty system board.
counter 2 failed.
Corrective Actions
See "Getting Help" on
page 129.
TPM
configuration
operation
honored. System
will now reset.
A Trusted Platform Module Information only.
(TPM) configuration
command has been
entered. The system will
reboot and execute the
command.
TPM
configuration
operation is
pending. Press
(I) to Ignore OR
(M) to Modify to
allow this change
and reset the
system.
This message displays
Enter I or M to proceed.
during system restart after
a TPM configuration
command has been
entered. User interaction is
required to proceed.
WARNING:
Modifying could
prevent
security.
TPM failure.
A TPM function has failed. See "Getting Help" on
page 129.
Unable to launch
System Services
image. System
halted!
System halted after F10
keystroke because System
Services image is either
corrupted in the system
firmware or has been lost
due to system board
replacement.
Unexpected
interrupt in
protected mode.
Improperly seated memory Reseat the memory modules.
modules or faulty keyboard See "Troubleshooting System
or mouse controller chip.
Memory" on page 113. If the
problem persists, see "Getting
Help" on page 129.
30
About Your System
Restart the system and update
the USC repository to the
latest software to restore full
functionality. See the USC
user documentation for more
information.
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 31 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Unsupported DIMM
detected. The
following DIMM
has been
disabled: x
Invalid memory
configuration. The system
will run but with the
specified memory module
disabled.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
Unsupported
memory
configuration.
DIMM mismatch
across slots
detected:
x,x,...
Invalid memory
configuration. Memory
modules are mismatched in
the specified slots.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80.
Warning: A fatal A fatal system error
error has caused occurred and caused the
system reset!
system to reboot.
Please check the
system event log!
Warning: Control
Panel is not
installed.
The control panel is not
installed or has a faulty
cable connection.
Warning! No micro Micro code update failed.
code update
loaded for
processor n.
Check the SEL for
information that was logged
during the error. See the
applicable troubleshooting
section in "Troubleshooting
Your System" on page 105 for
any faulty components
specified in the SEL.
Install the control panel, or
check the cable connections
between the display module,
the control panel board, and
the system board. See "Control
Panel Assembly" on page 98.
Update the BIOS firmware.
See "Getting Help" on
page 129.
About Your System
31
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Message
Causes
Corrective Actions
Warning! Power
required exceeds
PSU wattage.
Check PSU and
system
configuration.
The system configuration
of the processor, memory
modules, and expansion
cards may not be supported
by the power supplies.
If any system components
were just upgraded, return the
system to the previous
configuration. If the system
boots without this warning,
then the replaced
component(s) are not
supported with this power
supply. See "Power Supply" on
page 93.
Warning!
Unsupported
memory
configuration
detected. The
memory
configuration is
not optimal. The
recommended
memory
configuration
is: <message>.
Invalid memory
configuration. The system
will run but with reduced
functionality.
Ensure that the memory
modules are installed in a valid
configuration. See "General
Memory Module Installation
Guidelines" on page 80. If the
problem persists, see
"Troubleshooting System
Memory" on page 113.
Write fault.
Faulty USB device, USB
medium, optical drive
assembly, hard drive, or
hard-drive subsystem.
Replace the USB medium or
device. Ensure that the USB or
SATA cables are properly
connected. See
"Troubleshooting a USB
Device" on page 106 and
"Troubleshooting a Hard
Drive" on page 117.
Warning!
Performance
degraded. CPU and
memory set to
minimum
frequencies to
meet PSU wattage.
System will
reboot.
Write fault on
selected drive.
NOTE: For the full name of an abbreviation or acronym used in this table, see "Glossary"
on page 131.
32
About Your System
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Warning Messages
A warning message alerts you to a possible problem and prompts you to
respond before the system continues a task. For example, before you format a
hard drive, a message warns you that you may lose all data on the hard drive.
Warning messages usually interrupt the task and require you to respond by
typing y (yes) or n (no).
NOTE: Warning messages are generated by either the application or the operating
system. For more information, see the documentation that accompanied the
operating system or application.
Diagnostics Messages
The system diagnostic utilities may issue messages if you run diagnostic tests
on your system. See "Running the System Diagnostics" on page 121 for more
information about system diagnostics.
Alert Messages
Systems management software generates alert messages for your system. Alert
messages include information, status, warning, and failure messages for drive,
temperature, fan, and power conditions. For more information, see the
systems management software documentation.
Other Information You May Need
WARNING: See the safety and regulatory information that shipped with your
system. Warranty information may be included within this document or as a
separate document.
•
The Getting Started Guide provides an overview of system features, setting
up your system, and technical specifications.
•
Any media that ships with your system that provides documentation and
tools for configuring and managing your system, including those
pertaining to the operating system, system management software, system
updates, and system components that you purchased with your system.
NOTE: Always check for updates on support.dell.com/manuals and read the
updates first because they often supersede information in other documents.
About Your System
33
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34
About Your System
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Using the System Setup Program
and UEFI Boot Manager
The System Setup program is the BIOS program that enables you to manage
your system hardware and specify BIOS-level options. From the System Setup
program, you can:
•
Change the NVRAM settings after you add or remove hardware
•
View the system hardware configuration
•
Enable or disable integrated devices
•
Set performance and power management thresholds
•
Manage system security
Choosing the System Boot Mode
The System Setup program also enables you to specify the boot mode for
installing your operating system:
•
BIOS boot mode (the default) is the standard BIOS-level boot interface.
•
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) boot mode is an enhanced
64-bit boot interface based on UEFI specifications that overlays the
system BIOS. See "Entering the UEFI Boot Manager" on page 47 for more
information on this interface.
You must select the boot mode in the Boot Mode field of the "Boot Settings
Screen" on page 41 of the System Setup program. Once you specify the boot
mode, the system boots in the specified boot mode and you proceed then to
install your operating system from that mode. Thereafter, you must boot the
system to the same boot mode (BIOS or UEFI) to access the installed
operating system. Trying to boot the operating system from the other boot
mode causes the system to halt immediately at startup.
NOTE: Operating systems must be UEFI-compatible (for example, Microsoft®
Windows Server® 2008 x64 version) to be installed from the UEFI boot mode. DOS
and 32-bit operating systems do not support UEFI and can only be installed from the
BIOS boot mode.
Using the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager
35
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Entering the System Setup Program
1 Turn on or restart your system.
2 Press <F2> immediately after you see the following message:
<F2> = System Setup
If your operating system begins to load before you press <F2>, allow the
system to finish booting, and then restart your system and try again.
Responding to Error Messages
If an error message appears while the system is booting, make a note of the
message. See "System Messages" on page 20 for an explanation of the message
and suggestions for correcting errors.
NOTE: After installing a memory upgrade, it is normal for your system to display a
message the first time you start your system.
Using the System Setup Program Navigation Keys
Keys
Action
Up arrow or <Shift><Tab>
Moves to the previous field.
Down arrow or <Tab>
Moves to the next field.
<Enter>, Spacebar, <+>,
<–>, left and right arrows
Cycles through the settings in a field. In many
fields, you can also type the appropriate value.
<Esc>
Exits the System Setup program and restarts the
system if any changes were made.
<F1>
Displays the System Setup program's help file.
NOTE: For most of the options, any changes that you make are recorded but do not
take effect until you restart the system.
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System Setup Options
Main Screen
NOTE: The options for the System Setup program change based on the system
configuration.
NOTE: The System Setup program defaults are listed under their respective options
in the following sections, where applicable.
Option
Description
System Time
Sets the time on the system's internal clock.
System Date
Sets the date on the system's internal calendar.
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37
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Option
Description
Memory Settings
Displays information related to installed memory. See
"Memory Settings Screen" on page 39.
Processor Settings
Displays information related to processors (speed,
cache size, and so on). See "Processor Settings Screen"
on page 39.
SATA Settings
Displays a screen to enable or disable the integrated
SATA controller and ports. See "SATA Settings Screen"
on page 40.
Boot Settings
Displays a screen to specify the boot mode (BIOS or
UEFI). For BIOS boot mode, you can also specify the
boot devices. See "Boot Settings Screen" on page 41.
Integrated Devices
Displays a screen to enable or disable integrated device
controllers and ports, and to specify related features
and options. See "Integrated Devices Screen" on
page 42.
PCI IRQ Assignment
Displays a screen to change the IRQ assigned to each of
the integrated devices on the PCI bus, and any installed
expansion card that requires an IRQ. See "PCI IRQ
Assignments Screen" on page 43.
Serial Communication
Displays a screen to enable or disable the serial ports
and specify related features and options. See "Serial
Communication Screen" on page 43.
Power Management
Enables you to manage power usage of the processor,
fans, and memory modules with preconfigured or
customized settings. See "Power Management Screen"
on page 44.
System Security
Displays a screen to configure the system password and
setup password features. See "System Security Screen"
on page 45, "Using the System Password" on page 49,
and "Using the Setup Password" on page 52 for more
information.
Keyboard NumLock
(On default)
Determines whether your system starts up with the
NumLock mode activated on 101- or 102-key keyboards
(does not apply to 84-key keyboards).
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Option
Description
Report Keyboard Errors
(Report default)
Enables or disables reporting of keyboard errors during
the POST. Select Report for host systems that have
keyboards attached. Select Do Not Report to suppress
all error messages relating to the keyboard or keyboard
controller during POST. This setting does not affect the
operation of the keyboard itself if a keyboard is attached
to the system.
F1/F2 Prompt on Error
(Enabled default)
Enables the system to halt on errors during POST,
which allows the user to observe events that may scroll
by unnoticed during normal POST. The user can press
<F1> to continue or <F2> to enter the System Setup
program.
CAUTION: When setting this option to Disabled,
the system does not halt if an error occurs during
POST. Any critical errors are displayed and logged
in the system event log.
Memory Settings Screen
Option
Description
System Memory Size
Displays the amount of system memory.
System Memory Type
Displays the type of system memory.
System Memory Speed
Displays the system memory speed.
Video Memory
Displays the amount of video memory.
System Memory Testing
(Enabled default)
Specifies whether system memory tests are run at system
boot. Options are Enabled and Disabled.
Processor Settings Screen
Option
Description
64-bit
Specifies if the processor supports 64-bit extensions.
Core Speed
Displays the processor clock speed.
Bus Speed
Displays the processor bus speed.
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Option
Description
Logical Processor
(Enabled default)
On processors that support Simultaneous MultiThreading (SMT) technology, each processor core
supports up to two logical processors. If this field is set to
Enabled, the BIOS reports both logical processors. If set
to Disabled, only one logical processor is monitored by
the BIOS.
Virtualization Technology
(Disabled default)
Enabled permits virtualization software to use the
virtualization technology incorporated in the processor.
NOTE: Disable this feature if your system will not be
running virtualization software.
Execute Disable
(Enabled default)
Enables or disables Execute Disable Memory Protection
Technology.
Number of Cores per
Processor
(All default)
If set to All, the maximum number of cores in each
processor is enabled.
C States
(Enabled default)
When set to Enabled, the processor can operate in all
available power states.
Turbo Mode
(Enabled default)
If Turbo Boost Technology is supported by the processor,
enables or disables Turbo Mode.
Processor 1 Family Model-Stepping
Displays the family, model, level 2 cache size, level 3,
cache size, and number of cores of the processor.
Level 2 Cache
Displays the amount of cache memory for the processor.
This option does not have user-selectable settings.
Number of Cores
Displays the number of cores in the processor. This
option does not have user-selectable settings.
SATA Settings Screen
Option
Description
SATA Controller
(AHCI default)
Allows the embedded SATA to be set to Off, ATA, AHCI,
or RAID modes.
NOTE: The UEFI support is disabled if SATA is set to the
RAID mode.
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Option
Description
Port A
(Off default)
Auto enables BIOS support for the device attached to
SATA port A. Off disables BIOS support for the device.
Port B
(Off default)
Auto enables BIOS support for the device attached to
SATA port B. Off disables BIOS support for the device.
Port C
(Off default)
Auto enables BIOS support for the device attached to
SATA port C. Off disables BIOS support for the device.
Port D
(Off default)
Auto enables BIOS support for the device attached to
SATA port D. Off disables BIOS support for the device.
Port E
(Off default)
Auto enables BIOS support for the device attached to
SATA port E. Off disables BIOS support for the device.
eSATA Port
(Off default)
Auto enables BIOS support for the device attached to the
eSATA port. Off disables BIOS support for the device.
Boot Settings Screen
Option
Boot Mode
(BIOS default)
Description
CAUTION: Switching the boot mode could prevent
the system from booting if the operating system was
not installed in the same boot mode.
If the operating system supports Unified Extensible
Firmware Interface, you can set this option to UEFI.
Setting this field to BIOS allows compatibility with nonUEFI operating systems.
NOTE: Setting this field to UEFI disables the Boot
Sequence, Hard-Disk Drive Sequence, and USB Flash Drive
Emulation Type fields.
Boot Sequence
If Boot Mode is set to BIOS, this field tells the system
where the operating system files needed for startup are
located. If Boot Mode is set to UEFI, you can access the
UEFI boot manager utility by rebooting the system and
pressing <F11> when prompted to do so.
Hard-Disk Drive
Sequence
Determines the order in which the BIOS will attempt to
boot from hard drives in the system during system
startup.
Using the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager
41
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Option
Description
USB Flash Drive
Emulation Type
(Auto default)
Determines the emulation type for a USB flash drive.
Hard disk allows the USB flash drive to act as a hard
drive. Floppy allows the USB flash drive to act as a
removable diskette drive.
Auto automatically chooses the appropriate emulation
type for the device. If you install a device in this slot that
is configured as a removable diskette drive, you must
manually set the emulation type to Floppy.
Boot Sequence Retry
(Disabled default)
If this field is enabled and the system has failed to boot,
the system will reattempt to boot after 30 seconds.
Integrated Devices Screen
Option
Description
User Accessible
USB Ports
(All Ports On default)
Enables or disables the user accessible USB ports.
Options are All Ports On, Only Back Ports On, and All
Ports Off.
Internal USB Port
(On default)
Enables or disables the internal USB port.
Embedded Gb NIC1
(NIC1 default: Enabled
with PXE;
Other NICs: Enabled)
Enables or disables the integrated NIC. Options are
Enabled, Enabled with PXE, Enabled with iSCSI Boot,
and Disabled. PXE support allows the system to boot
from the network.
MAC Address
Displays the MAC address for the integrated NIC.
OS Watchdog Timer
(Disabled default)
Sets a timer to monitor the operating system for activity,
and aids in recovery if the system stops responding.
When Enabled, the operating system is allowed to
initialize the timer. When Disabled, the timer is not
initialized.
NOTE: This feature is usable only with operating systems
that support WDAT implementations of the Advanced
Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) 3.0b
specification.
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Option
Description
Embedded Video
Controller
(Enabled default)
Enables or disables BIOS support for the integrated video
controller.
NOTE: This field can be disabled only if an add-in video
card is present. If this field is disabled, remote access
features such as virtual KVM are not available.
PCI IRQ Assignments Screen
Option
Description
<PCIe device>
Use the <+> and <-> keys to manually select an IRQ
for a given device, or select Default to allow the BIOS to
select an IRQ value at system startup.
Serial Communication Screen
Option
Description
Serial Communication
(On without Console
Redirection default)
Selects whether the serial communication devices
(Serial Device 1 and Serial Device 2) are enabled in
BIOS. BIOS console redirection can also be enabled and
the port address used can be specified.
Options are On without Console Redirection, On with
Console Redirection via COM1, On with Console
Redirection via COM2, and Off.
Serial Port Address
(Serial Device 1=COM1,
Serial Device2=COM2
default)
External Serial Connector
(Serial Device1 default)
Sets the serial port addresses for the two serial devices.
NOTE: Only Serial Device 2 can be used for Serial Over
LAN (SOL). To use console redirection by SOL, configure
the same port address for console redirection and the
serial device.
Specifies whether Serial Device 1, Serial Device 2, or
Remote Access Device has access to the external serial
connector.
NOTE: Only Serial Device 2 can be used for SOL. To use
console redirection by SOL, configure the same port
address for console redirection and the serial device.
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Option
Description
Failsafe Baud Rate
(115200 default)
Displays the failsafe baud rate used for console
redirection. BIOS attempts to determine the baud rate
automatically. This failsafe baud rate is used only if the
attempt fails. This rate should not be adjusted.
Remote Terminal Type
(VT 100/VT220 default)
Sets the remote console terminal type, either
VT100/VT220 or ANSI.
Redirection After Boot
(Enabled default)
Enables or disables BIOS console redirection when the
operating system is loaded.
Power Management Screen
Option
Description
Power Management
(Active Power
Controller default)
Options are OS Control, Active Power Controller,
Custom, or Maximum Performance. For all but the
Custom setting, the BIOS pre-configures the power
settings on this screen as follows:
• OS Control sets the CPU power to OS DBPM, the fan
power to Minimum Power, and the memory power to
Maximum Performance. In this setting, all processor
performance information is passed from the system
BIOS to the operating system for control. The operating
system sets the processor performance based on
processor utilization.
• Active Power Controller sets the CPU power to System
DBPM, the fan power to Minimum Power, and the
memory power to Maximum Performance. The BIOS
sets the processor performance based on processor
utilization.
• Maximum Performance sets all fields to Maximum
Performance.
If you select Custom, you can configure each option
independently.
CPU Power and
Performance
Management
44
Options are OS DBPM, System DBPM, Maximum
Performance, or Minimum Power.
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Option
Description
Fan Power and
Performance
Management
Options are Maximum Performance or Minimum Power.
Memory Power and
Performance
Management
Options are Maximum Performance, a specified
frequency, or Minimum Power.
System Security Screen
Option
Description
System Password
Displays the current status of the password security
feature and allows a new system password assignment and
verification.
NOTE: See "Using the System Password" on page 49 for
more information.
Setup Password
Restricts access to the System Setup program by using a
setup password.
NOTE: See "Using the Setup Password" on page 52 for more
information.
Password Status
(Unlocked default)
When Setup Password is assigned and this field is
Locked, the system password cannot be changed or
disabled at system start-up.
See "Using the System Password" on page 49 for more
information.
TPM Security
(Off default)
Sets the reporting of the Trusted Platform Module
(TPM) in the system.
If Off, the presence of the TPM is not reported to the
operating system.
If On with Pre-boot Measurements, the system reports
the TPM to the operating system and stores the pre-boot
measurements to the TPM during POST.
If On without Pre-boot Measurements, the system
reports the TPM to the operating system and bypasses
pre-boot measurements.
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Option
Description
TPM Activation
(No Change default)
When set to Activate, the TPM is enabled to default
settings. When set to Deactivate, the TPM is disabled.
The No Change state initiates no action. The operational
state of the TPM remains unchanged (all user settings for
the TPM are preserved).
NOTE: This field is read-only when TPM Security is set to
Off.
CAUTION: Clearing the TPM will lose all encryption
keys in the TPM. This option prevents booting to the
operating system and results in data loss if the
encryption keys cannot be restored. Back up the TPM
keys prior to enabling this option.
TPM Clear
(No default)
When set to Yes, all TPM contents are cleared.
NOTE: This field is read-only when TPM Security is set to
Off.
Power Button
(Enabled default)
If Enabled, the power button can turn the system's power
off and on. On an ACPI-compliant operating system, the
system performs an orderly shutdown before power is
turned off.
When Disabled, the button can only turn on system
power.
AC Power Recovery
(Last default)
Determines how the system reacts when power is
restored. If set to Last, the system returns to the last
power state. On turns on the system after power is
restored. Off allows the system to remain off after power
is restored.
AC Power Recovery
Delay
(Immediate default)
Determines when the system restarts after power is
restored. Options are Immediate, Random (a random
value of 45 to 240 seconds), or a user-defined value of 45
to 240 seconds.
User Defined Delay
Determines the user defined AC Power Recovery Delay.
You can enter a value between 45 and 240 seconds. You
can also view the Current AC Recovery Delay value.
NOTE: This field is active when AC Power Recovery Delay
is set to User Defined.
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Exit Screen
Press <Esc> to exit the System Setup program; the Exit screen displays:
•
Save Changes and Exit
•
Discard Changes and Exit
•
Return to Setup
Entering the UEFI Boot Manager
NOTE: Operating systems must be 64-bit UEFI-compatible (for example, Microsoft®
Windows Server® 2008 x64 version) to be installed from the UEFI boot mode. DOS
and 32-bit operating systems can only be installed from the BIOS boot mode.
NOTE: The Boot Mode must be set to UEFI in the System Setup program to access
the UEFI Boot Manager.
The UEFI Boot Manager enables you to:
•
Add, delete, and arrange boot options
•
Access the System Setup program and BIOS-level boot options without
rebooting
To enter the UEFI Boot Manager:
1 Turn on or restart your system.
2 Press <F11> after you see the following message:
<F11> = UEFI Boot Manager
NOTE: The system does not respond until the USB keyboard is active.
If your operating system begins to load before you press <F11>, allow the
system to finish booting, and then restart your system and try again.
Using the UEFI Boot Manager Navigation Keys
Keys
Action
Up arrow
Moves to and highlights the previous field.
Down arrow
Moves to and highlights the next field.
Spacebar, <Enter>, <+>,
<–>, left and right arrows
Cycles through the settings in a field.
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Keys
Action
<Esc>
Refreshes the UEFI Boot Manager screen, or
returns to the UEFI Boot Manager screen from the
other program screens.
<F1>
Displays the UEFI Boot Manager help file.
UEFI Boot Manager Screen
Option
Description
Continue
The system attempts to boot to devices starting with
the first item in the boot order. If the boot attempt fails,
the system will continue with the next item in the boot
order until the boot is successful or no more boot
options are found.
<Boot options>
Displays the list of available boot options (marked with
asterisks). Select the boot option you wish to use and
press Enter.
NOTE: If you hot-add a boot device, press <ESC> to
refresh the list of boot options.
UEFI Boot Settings
Enables you to add, delete, enable, or disable boot
options; change boot order; or execute a one-time boot
option.
System Utilities
Enables you to access the System Setup program,
System Services (Unified Server Configurator [USC]),
Diagnostics, and BIOS-level boot options.
UEFI Boot Settings Screen
Option
Description
Add Boot Option
Adds a new boot option.
Delete Boot Option
Deletes an existing boot option.
Enable/Disable Boot
Option
Disables and enables a boot option in the boot option
list.
Change Boot Order
Changes the order of the boot option list.
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Option
Description
One-Time Boot From File
Sets a one-time boot option not included in the boot
option list.
System Utilities Screen
Option
Description
System Setup
Accesses the System Setup program without rebooting.
System Services (USC)
Restarts the system and accesses the USC, which allows
you to run utilities such as system diagnostics.
BIOS Boot Manager
Accesses the BIOS-level boot options list without
rebooting. This option enables you to conveniently
switch to BIOS boot mode if you need to boot to a
device with a non-UEFI operating system, such as a
bootable DOS media with diagnostics software.
Reboot System
Restarts the system.
System and Setup Password Features
NOTE: For a forgotten password, see "Disabling a Forgotten Password" on
page 128.
Your system is shipped without the system password feature enabled. Operate
the system only with system password protection.
CAUTION: The password features provide a basic level of security for the data on
your system.
CAUTION: Anyone can access the data stored on your system if the system is
running and unattended.
Using the System Password
When a system password is assigned, the system prompts for the system
password after the system starts and only those with the password have full
use of the system.
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Assigning a System Password
Before assigning a system password, enter the System Setup program and
check the System Password option.
When a system password is assigned, System Password is Enabled. If
Password Status is Unlocked, you can change the system password. If Locked,
you cannot change the system password. Disabling the password jumper on
the system board sets System Password to Disabled, and you cannot change
or enter a new system password.
When a system password is not assigned and the password jumper on the
system board is in the enabled position, System Password is Not Enabled and
Password Status is Unlocked. To assign a system password:
1 Verify that Password Status is Unlocked.
2 Highlight the System Password option and press <Enter>.
3 Type your new system password.
You can use up to 32 characters in your password.
As you type, placeholders appear in the field.
The password assignment is not case-sensitive. Certain key combinations
are invalid and if you enter one, the system beeps. To erase a character,
press <Backspace> or the left-arrow key.
NOTE: To escape from the field without assigning a system password, press
<Enter> to move to another field, or press <Esc> prior to completing step 5.
4 Press <Enter>.
5 To confirm your password, type it a second time and press <Enter>.
System Password changes to Enabled. Exit the System Setup program and
begin using your system.
6 Either reboot the system now for the password protection to take effect or
continue working.
NOTE: Password protection does not take effect until the system reboots.
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Using Your System Password to Secure Your System
NOTE: If you have assigned a setup password (see "Using the Setup Password" on
page 52), the system accepts your setup password as an alternate system
password.
When Password Status is Unlocked, you have the option to leave the
password security enabled or to disable password security.
To leave the password security enabled:
1 Turn on or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
2 Type your password and press <Enter>.
To disable the password security:
1 Turn on or reboot your system by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Del>.
2 Type your password and press <Ctrl><Enter>.
When Password Status is Locked, you must type the password and press
<Enter> when prompted at reboot.
If an incorrect system password is entered, the system displays a message and
prompts you to re-enter your password. You have three attempts to enter the
correct password. After the third unsuccessful attempt, the system displays an
error message that the system has halted and shuts down.
Even after you shut down and restart the system, the error message continues
to be displayed until the correct password is entered.
NOTE: You can use the Password Status option in conjunction with the System
Password and Setup Password options to protect your system from unauthorized
changes.
Deleting or Changing an Existing System Password
1 Enter the System Setup program and select the System Security.
2 Highlight Setup Password, press <Enter> to access the setup password
window. Press <Enter> twice to clear the existing setup password.
3 The setting changes to Not Enabled.
4 If you want to assign a new setup password, perform the steps in "Assigning
a Setup Password" on page 52.
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Using the Setup Password
Assigning a Setup Password
You can assign a setup password only when the Setup Password is Not
Enabled. To assign a setup password, highlight the Setup Password option
and press the <+> or <–> key. The system prompts you to enter and verify
the password.
NOTE: The setup password can be the same as the system password. If the two
passwords are different, the setup password can be used as an alternate system
password. The system password cannot be used in place of the setup password.
You can use up to 32 characters in your password.
As you type, placeholders appear in the field.
The password assignment is not case-sensitive. Certain key combinations are
invalid and if you enter one, the system beeps. To erase a character, press
<Backspace> or the left-arrow key.
When you verify the password, the Setup Password changes to Enabled. The
next time you enter the System Setup program, the system prompts you for
the setup password.
A change to the Setup Password option becomes effective immediately
(restarting the system is not required).
Operating With a Setup Password Enabled
If Setup Password is Enabled, you must enter the correct setup password
before modifying most of the System Setup options.
If you do not enter the correct password in three attempts, the system lets you
view, but not modify, the System Setup screens. The following options are
exceptions: If System Password is not Enabled and is not locked through the
Password Status option, you can assign a system password. You cannot disable
or change an existing system password.
NOTE: You can use the Password Status option in conjunction with the Setup
Password option to protect the system password from unauthorized changes.
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Deleting or Changing an Existing Setup Password
1 Enter the System Setup program and select the System Security.
2 Highlight Setup Password, press <Enter> to access the setup password
window. Press <Enter> twice to clear the existing setup password.
The setting changes to Not Enabled.
3 If you want to assign a new setup password, perform the steps in "Assigning
a Setup Password" on page 52.
Embedded System Management
The USC is an embedded utility that enables systems and storage
management tasks from an embedded environment throughout the server’s
lifecycle.
The USC can be started during the boot sequence and can function
independent of the operating system.
NOTE: Certain platform configurations may not support the full set of features
provided by USC.
The following features of USC are supported on systems with Baseboard
Management Controller (BMC):
•
Installing an operating system
•
Running diagnostics to validate the memory, I/O devices, processors,
physical disks, and other peripherals
For more information about setting up USC, configuring hardware and
firmware, and deploying the operating system, see the Unified Server
Configurator documentation on the Dell Support website at
support.dell.com/manuals.
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Baseboard Management Controller Configuration
The BMC enables configuring, monitoring, and recovery of systems remotely.
BMC provides the following features:
•
Enables fault logging and SNMP alerting
•
Provides access to system event log and sensor status
•
Allows control of system functions including power on and off
•
Functions independently of the system’s power state or the system’s
operating system
•
Provides text console redirection for system setup, text-based utilities, and
operating system consoles
NOTE: To remotely access the BMC through the integrated NIC, you must connect
the network connection to integrated NIC1.
For additional information on using BMC, see the documentation for the
BMC and systems management applications.
Entering the BMC Setup Module
1 Turn on or restart your system.
2 Press <Ctrl><E> when prompted after POST.
If your operating system begins to load before you press <Ctrl><E>,
allow the system to finish booting, and then restart your system and try
again.
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Installing System Components
Recommended Tools
You may need the following items to perform the procedures in this section:
•
Key to the system keylock
•
#2 Phillips screwdriver
•
Wrist grounding strap
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Inside the System
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Figure 3-1. Inside the System
1
2
3
8
7
4
5
6
1
56
power supply
2
chassis intrusion switch
3
cooling shroud
4
expansion card stabilizer
5
heat sink
6
hard drives (4)
7
tape drive (optional)
8
optical drive (optional)
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Opening and Closing the System
WARNING: Whenever you need to lift the system, get others to assist you. To
avoid injury, do not attempt to lift the system by yourself.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Opening the System
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Press the power button to ground the system board.
3 Lay the system on its side as shown in Figure 3-2.
4 Open the system by sliding the cover release tab toward the back of the
system, grasp the cover on both sides, and carefully lift the cover away
from the system. See Figure 3-2.
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Figure 3-2.
Opening and Closing the System
1
1
release tab
Closing the System
1 Align the cover with the slots on the bottom of the chassis. See Figure 3-2.
2 Press down on the cover until the cover release tab snaps into place.
3 Place the system upright on a flat, stable surface.
4 Reattach any peripherals and connect the system to an electrical outlet.
5 Turn on the system and attached peripherals.
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Front Bezel
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Removing the Front Bezel
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Slide the drive release latch in the direction of the arrow until it releases
the front bezel from its side hinges. See Figure 3-3.
NOTE: The drive release latch secures and releases the front bezel and helps
to secure the drives.
4 Carefully tilt the front bezel away from the chassis and lift it out as shown
in Figure 3-3.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Figure 3-3. Removing and Installing the Front Bezel
1
2
1
drive release latch
2
front bezel
Installing the Front Bezel
1 Align the tabs on the front bezel with the slots on the chassis.
See Figure 3-3.
2 Snap the bezel into place.
Removing Front Bezel Insert
NOTE: Before installing a drive in one or more of the front drive bays, remove the
corresponding insert(s) on the front bezel.
1 From the back of the bezel, push the tab on the end of the insert outward.
2 Pull the insert away from the bezel. See Figure 3-4.
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Figure 3-4.
Removing and Installing the Front Bezel Insert
1
2
3
1
front bezel
3
tab
2
insert
Installing Front Bezel Insert
1 To replace the insert on the front bezel, from the back of the bezel, fit the
tabs on the end of the insert into the notches on the bezel.
2 Snap the other end of the insert into place. See Figure 3-4.
EMI Filler Panel
Depending on the configuration of your system, an electromagnetic
interference (EMI) filler panel may be installed in one or more of the 5.25inch optical drive bays at the front of the system. EMI filler panels are
essential for airflow efficiency and for electromagnetic interference
protection. Before installing an optical drive, the corresponding EMI filler
panel must first be removed.
Removing an EMI Filler Panel
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
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3 Remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on page 59.
4 Slide the drive release latch in the direction of the arrow to release the
shoulder screw. See Figure 3-5.
5 Pull the tab to remove the EMI filler panel.
Figure 3-5. Removing and Installing the EMI Filler Panel
1
2
3
4
1
drive release latch
2
shoulder screws (2)
3
EMI filler panel
4
tab
Installing an EMI Filler Panel
1 Gently slide the EMI filler panel into the bay until it clicks into place. See
Figure 3-5.
2 Replace the front bezel. See "Installing the Front Bezel" on page 60.
3 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Optical and Tape Drives (Optional)
Your system contains two 5.25-inch drive bays. In the upper 5.25-inch drive
bay, you can install only an optical drive. In the lower 5.25-inch drive bay, you
can install either an optical or a tape backup unit.
Removing an Optical or Tape Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on page 59.
4 Disconnect the power and data cables from the back of the drive. See
Figure 3-6 for disconnecting SCSI connections and Figure 3-7 for
disconnecting SATA connections.
5 Slide the drive release latch in the direction of the arrow to release the
shoulder screw.
6 Slide the drive out to remove it from the drive bay.
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Figure 3-6. Removing and Installing a Tape Drive (SCSI Connection)
1
2
3
6
5
4
64
1
power cable
2
data cable
3
drive release latch
4
drive bay screw slots
5
tape drive
6
tape drive shoulder screws (3)
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Figure 3-7. Removing and Installing an Optical Drive (SATA Connection)
1
2
5
4
3
1
power/data cable
2
drive release latch
3
drive bay screw slots
4
optical drive
5
optical drive shoulder screws (3)
7 If you are installing another drive in the bay, see "Installing an Optical or
Tape Drive" on page 66.
8 If the drive is being permanently removed, install an insert on the front
bezel. See "Installing Front Bezel Insert" on page 61.
9 Replace the front bezel. See "Installing the Front Bezel" on page 60.
10 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Installing an Optical or Tape Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Unpack the drive and prepare it for installation. For instructions, see the
documentation that accompanied the drive.
If you are installing a SCSI tape drive, you must have a SCSI controller
card installed (see "Installing an Expansion Card" on page 78) and
configure the tape drive according to the documentation that came with
the tape drive.
NOTE: Each device attached to a SCSI host adapter must have a unique SCSI
ID number (narrow SCSI devices use IDs 0 to 7; wide SCSI devices use IDs
from 0 to 15). Set the drive’s SCSI ID to avoid conflicts with other devices on
the SCSI bus. For the default SCSI ID setting, see the documentation provided
with the drive.
NOTE: There is no requirement that SCSI ID numbers be assigned
sequentially or that devices be attached to the cable in order by ID number.
NOTE: SCSI logic requires that the two devices at opposite ends of a SCSI
chain be terminated and that all devices in between be unterminated.
Therefore, you enable the tape drive’s termination if it is the last device in a
chain of devices (or sole device) connected to the SCSI controller.
2 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
4 Remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on page 59.
5 If another drive is installed, remove it (see "Removing an Optical or Tape
Drive" on page 63) and remove the three shoulder screws to attach to the
new drive. See Figure 3-8.
6 If the drive bay is empty, remove the insert on the front bezel. See
"Removing Front Bezel Insert" on page 60.
7 Remove the two shoulder screws from the EMI filler panel and attach
them to the new drive. See Figure 3-8.
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8 On the new drive, attach the three shoulder screws to the drive, one screw
on the lower front screw hole on the right side and two screws on the lower
screw holes on the left side. See Figure 3-8.
Figure 3-8. Installing Drive Shoulder Screws
1
1
shoulder screws (3)*
*Screws are supplied along with the drives ordered from Dell.
9 Gently slide the drive into the bay until it clicks into place.
10 Attach the SCSI power cable (tape drive) or SATA power cable (optical
drive) to the drive. Ensure that cables are secured in their respective clips.
11 Attach the data cable. If you are installing a SCSI tape drive, connect the
SCSI interface cable in the drive kit from the SCSI controller card to the
drive.
12 Check all cable connections, and fold cables out of the way to allow for
airflow between the fan and cooling vents.
13 Replace the front bezel. See "Installing the Front Bezel" on page 60.
14 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Hard Drives
NOTE: The system’s drive configuration must consist of all SATA hard drives or all
SAS hard drives.
Hard Drive Installation Guidelines
Your system supports up to four 3.5-inch SATA or SAS hard drives in internal
drive bays. All the drives must be either SAS or SATA; mixed configurations
are not supported.
Removing a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet and from the peripherals.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Disconnect the data/power cable from the hard drive by pulling up on the
blue tab.
4 Press the blue tabs on each side of the hard-drive bracket toward each
other and slide the drive up and out of the bay. See Figure 3-9.
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Figure 3-9.
Removing or Installing a Hard Drive
2
3
1
4
1
hard drive
2
power/data cable
3
tabs (2)
4
hard drive bracket
NOTE: If you are not replacing the hard drive, remove the drive from the drive
bracket (see Figure 3-11) and insert the empty bracket back into the drive bay.
5 Detach the hard-drive bracket from the hard drive by pushing out at the
edges of the bracket and removing the hard drive. See Figure 3-11.
6 Replace the system cover. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
7 Place the system upright on a flat, stable surface.
8 Reattach any peripherals and connect the system to an electrical outlet.
9 Turn on the system and attached peripherals.
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Installing a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 To remove the existing hard-drive bracket, press the blue tabs on each side
of the bracket toward each other and slide the bracket up and out of the
system. See Figure 3-9.
4 Snap the hard-drive bracket on to the hard drive. See Figure 3-11.
5 Slide the hard drive into the drive bay until it snaps into place.
6 Connect the power/data cable to the hard drive.
•
For connection to the integrated SATA controller (SATA hard drives
only), connect the SATA data cable to the SATA connectors on the
system board. See Figure 6-1 for the location of the hard drive
connectors on the system board.
•
For connection to a SAS controller expansion card (SAS or SATA hard
drives), connect the data/power cable from the SAS controller card as
shown in Figure 3-10. See "SAS Controller Expansion Card" on
page 79 for instructions about installing the card and routing the
cables.
NOTE: The SAS controller card must be installed in SLOT1 PCIE_G2_X8. See
Figure 6-1.
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Figure 3-10.
Attaching a SAS Hard Drive to a SAS Controller Expansion Card
3
2
4
1
1
SAS hard drive
2
power/data cable to hard drive
3
data cable to SAS controller card
4
SAS controller card
7 Replace the system cover. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
8 Place the system upright on a flat, stable surface.
9 Reattach any peripherals and connect the system to an electrical outlet.
10 Turn on the system and attached peripherals.
11 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the hard drive’s
controller is enabled. See"Entering the System Setup Program" on page 36.
12 Exit the System Setup program and reboot the system.
13 Partition and logically format the drive.
See the documentation that came with the drive for instructions on
installing any software required for drive operation.
Removing a Hard Drive from a Hard-Drive Bracket
Detach the hard-drive bracket from the hard drive by pushing out at the
edges of the bracket and removing the hard drive. See Figure 3-11.
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Figure 3-11. Removing or Installing a Hard Drive From a Hard Drive Bracket
1
2
3
1
hard drive
3
blue tabs (2)
2
hard drive bracket
Expansion Card Stabilizer
Removing the Expansion Card Stabilizer
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals. Disconnect the system from
the electrical outlet and peripherals.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Press the release tab and lift the expansion card stabilizer out of slots in the
chassis. See Figure 3-12.
Installing the Expansion Card Stabilizer
1 Slide the edge of the expansion card stabilizer into the slots in the cooling
shroud and chassis until the release tab locks into place. See Figure 3-12.
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2 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
Cooling Shroud
The cooling shroud directs airflow over the system processor and memory
modules.
WARNING: The memory modules and heat sink can get very hot during normal
operation. Ensure that the memory modules and heat sink have had sufficient time
to cool before you touch them.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: Never operate your system with the cooling shroud removed.
Overheating of the system can develop quickly, resulting in shutdown of the
system and loss of data.
Removing the Cooling Shroud
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals. Disconnect the system from
the electrical outlet and peripherals.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Hold the touch points on the cooling shroud and lift the cooling shroud
out of the system. See Figure 3-12.
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Figure 3-12. Removing and Installing the Cooling Shroud
1
2
3
4
1
cooling shroud
2
expansion card stabilizer
3
release tab
4
cooling shroud touch points (2)
Installing the Cooling Shroud
1 Align the holes on the cooling shroud with the alignment guides on the
system fan.
2 Hold the touch points on the cooling shroud and carefully lower the
cooling shroud into the system. Ensure that no cables are under the edges
of the cooling shroud.
3 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Expansion Cards
Expansion Card Installation Guidelines
Your system supports up to four PCIe Generation 2 cards. To identify the
expansion slots, see Figure 6-1.
Observe the following notes and guidelines regarding the expansion-card
slots:
•
The expansion-card slots are not hot-swappable.
•
PCI Express Generation 2 and Generation 1 expansion cards are supported
in all slots.
•
Slot 2 supports full-length expansion cards; slots 1, 3, and 4 support halflength expansion cards.
•
The system supports up to two SAS or PERC expansion cards to manage
external storage.
CAUTION: To ensure proper cooling, no more than two of the four expansion
cards can have a power consumption of greater than 15 W (up to 25 W maximum
each), not including the integrated storage controller.
•
Table 3-1 provides a guide for installing expansion cards to ensure proper
cooling and mechanical fit. The expansion cards with the highest priority
should be installed first using the slot priority indicated. All other
expansion cards should be installed in card priority and slot priority order.
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Table 3-1.
Expansion-Card Installation Priority
Card
Priority
Card Type
Slot
Priority
Max
Allowed
25-W Card
1
SAS 6/iR controller
1
1
Y
2
S300 controller
1
1
Y
1
1
Y
controller3
3
H200
4
SAS 5/E controller
1, 2
2
Y
5
6-Gbps SAS
HBA3
1, 2
2
Y
6
LSI2032 PCIe HBA SCSI Adapter
3, 1, 2
3
Y
N2
N2
7
Dual port NICs
3, 1, 2
31
8
Single port NICs
4, 3, 1, 2
41
1. Maximum of 2 of any card whose maximum power exceeds 15 W.
2. Refer to the expansion card documentation to ensure that the maximum power does not exceed 15
W.
3. When available.
See Figure 6-1 for the location of the expansion card slots.
NOTE: Your system supports only one RAID card. You can install either of the above
mentioned RAID cards in Slot 1. The size of the expansion card connectors for the
PCI x8 card is PCI x8.
Removing an Expansion Card
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
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4 Disconnect all cables from the card.
5 Open the expansion-card latch. See Figure 3-13.
6 Grasp the expansion card by its edges, and carefully remove it from the
expansion-card connector.
7 If you are removing the card permanently, install a metal filler bracket over
the empty expansion slot opening and close the expansion-card latch.
NOTE: Filler brackets must be installed over empty expansion card slots to
maintain Federal Communications Commission (FCC) certification of the
system. The brackets also keep dust and dirt out of the system and aid in
proper cooling and airflow inside the system.
8 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
10 Reconnect the system and peripherals to their power sources, and turn
them on.
11 Remove the card’s device driver from the operating system.
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Figure 3-13. Removing and Installing an Expansion Card
2
3
1
4
5
1
expansion card
2
expansion card stabilizer
3
expansion-card latch
4
release tab
5
expansion-card slots
Installing an Expansion Card
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Unpack the expansion card and prepare it for installation.
For instructions, see the documentation accompanying the card.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
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3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
4 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
5 Open the expansion-card latch and remove the filler bracket. See
Figure 3-13.
NOTE: Keep this bracket in case you need to remove the expansion card.
Filler brackets must be installed over empty expansion-card slots to maintain
FCC certification of the system. The brackets also keep dust and dirt out of the
system and aid in proper cooling and airflow inside the system.
6 Holding the card by its edges, position the card so that the card-edge
connector aligns with the expansion-card connector on the expansion-card
riser.
7 Insert the card-edge connector firmly into the expansion-card connector
until the card is fully seated.
8 Close the expansion-card latch. See Figure 3-13.
9 Connect all cables to the expansion card.
10 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
11 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
SAS Controller Expansion Card
Read the installation instructions in the documentation for your SAS
controller card. Install the card in the expansion card connector (see
"Installing an Expansion Card" on page 78), and connect the hard-drive
activity indicator cable from the card to the HD_ACT_CARD (AUXLED1)
connector on the system board (see Figure 6-1 for the connector location).
Secure the cables to the slots to manage the slack.
See "Hard Drives" on page 68 for information about connecting hard drives.
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System Memory
Your system supports DDR3 ECC unbuffered memory modules (UDIMMs).
The DIMMs can be 1066 or 1333-MHz. Single and dual-rank DIMMs can be
1066 or 1333-MHz.
The system contains four memory sockets, each two-socket set is organized
into two channels. The first socket of each channel is marked with white
release levers.
General Memory Module Installation Guidelines
To ensure optimal performance of your system, observe the following general
guidelines when configuring your system memory.
NOTE: Memory configurations that fail to observe these guidelines can prevent
your system from starting or producing any video output.
•
Except for memory channels that are unused, all populated memory
channels must have identical configurations.
•
Memory modules of different sizes can be mixed within a memory channel
(for example, 2-GB and 4-GB), but all populated channels must have
identical configurations.
•
Memory modules are installed in the numeric order of the sockets
beginning with DIMM_A1 or DIMM_B1.
•
One or two DIMMs per channel can support up to 1333-Mhz.
•
If memory modules with different speeds are installed, they operate at the
speed of the slowest installed memory module(s).
Mode-Specific Guidelines
Your system supports both single-channel and dual-channel mode. A minimal
single-channel configuration of one 1-GB memory module is also supported
in this mode.
Table 3-2 shows sample memory configurations that follow the appropriate
memory guidelines stated in this section. The samples show identical
memory-module configurations and their the physical and available memory
totals. The table does not show mixed memory-module configurations, nor
do they address the memory speed considerations of any configuration.
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Table 3-2.
Sample UDIMM Memory Configurations
Memory Sockets
Memory Module
1
Size
2
3
1-GB
2-GB
4-GB
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Single Processor
Physical
Memory (GB)
Available
Memory (GB)
4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
all
X
1
2
4
all
X
2
4
8
all
X
4
8
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Removing Memory Modules
WARNING: The memory modules are hot to touch for some time after the system
has been powered down. Allow time for the memory modules to cool before
handling them. Handle the memory modules by the card edges and avoid touching
the components on the memory module.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: To ensure proper system cooling, memory-module blanks must be
installed in any memory socket that is not occupied. Install a memory-module
blank if you are removing a memory module and do not intend to install a
replacement.
1 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet and peripherals.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 73.
5 Locate the memory module sockets. See Figure 6-1.
CAUTION: Handle each memory module only by the card edges, ensuring not to
touch the components on the module.
6 Press down and out on the ejectors on each end of the socket until the
memory module pops out of the socket. See Figure 3-14.
7 Replace any removed memory modules with memory-module blanks to
ensure proper system cooling. See "Installing Memory Modules" on
page 83 for installation instructions.
8 Replace the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 74.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Figure 3-14.
Installing and Removing a Memory Module
1
2
3
1
memory module
3
alignment key
2
memory module socket ejectors (2)
Installing Memory Modules
WARNING: The memory modules are hot to touch for some time after the system
has been powered down. Allow time for the memory modules to cool before
handling them. Handle the memory modules by the card edges and avoid touching
the components on the memory module.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: To ensure proper system cooling, memory-module blanks must be
installed in any memory socket that is not occupied. Remove memory-module
blanks only if you intend to install memory in those sockets.
1 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet and peripherals.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
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3 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 73.
5 Locate the memory module sockets. See Figure 6-1.
6 Remove the memory-module blanks from the sockets in which you plan to
install memory modules.
7 Press out the ejectors on each end of the socket until the memory-module
blank pops out of the socket. See Figure 3-14.
NOTE: Make sure to retain any removed memory-module blanks for future
use.
8 Handle each memory module only on either card edge, ensuring not to
touch the middle of the memory module.
9 Align the memory module's edge connector with the alignment key of the
memory module socket, and insert the memory module in the socket.
NOTE: The memory module socket has an alignment key that allows you to
install the memory module in the socket in only one way.
10 Press down on the memory module with your thumbs until the socket
levers latch into a locked position.
When the memory module is properly seated in the socket, the levers on
the memory module socket align with the levers on the other sockets that
have memory modules installed.
11 Repeat step 6 through step 10 of this procedure to install the remaining
memory modules. See Table 3-2.
12 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
13 Replace the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 74.
14 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
15 Reconnect the system and peripherals to their power sources, and turn
them on.
16 Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program, and check the System
Memory setting on the main System Setup screen.
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The system should have already changed the value to reflect the newly
installed memory.
17 If the value is incorrect, one or more of the memory modules may not be
installed properly. Repeat step 6 through step 10 of this procedure,
checking to ensure that the memory modules are firmly seated in their
sockets.
18 Run the system memory test in the system diagnostics. See "Running the
System Diagnostics" on page 121.
Processor
Removing the Processor
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Prior to upgrading your system, download the latest system BIOS version
from support.dell.com and follow the instructions included in the
compressed download file to install the update on your system.
2 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet. When disconnected from AC power,
press and hold the power button for 3 seconds to fully drain the system of
stored power prior to removing the cover.
NOTE: It is recommended that you always use a static mat and wrist
grounding strap while working on components in the interior of the system.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
4 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
5 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 73.
WARNING: The heat sink and processor are hot to touch for some time after the
system has been powered down. Allow the heat sink and processor to cool before
handling them.
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CAUTION: Never remove the heat sink from a processor unless you intend to
remove the processor. The heat sink is necessary to maintain proper thermal
conditions.
6 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, loosen one of the heat-sink retention
screws. See Figure 3-15.
7 Wait 30 seconds for the heat sink to loosen from the processor.
8 Repeat step 6 and step 7 to loosen the other three heat-sink retention
screws.
9 Gently lift the heat sink off of the processor and set the heat sink aside
upside down (thermal grease side facing up).
Figure 3-15. Installing and Removing the Heat Sink
1
2
1
heat sink
2
heat sink retention screws (4)
CAUTION: The processor is held in its socket under strong pressure. Be aware
that the release lever can spring up suddenly if not firmly grasped.
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10 Position your thumb firmly over the processor socket-release lever and
release the lever from the locked position by pushing down and pulling out
from under the tab. Rotate the lever 90 degrees upward until the processor
is released from the socket. See Figure 3-16.
11 Use the tab on the processor shield to rotate shield upward and out of the
way. See Figure 3-16.
Figure 3-16.
Removing a Processor
2
1
3
4
5
6
1
socket-release lever
2
processor
3
notches in processor (2)
4
processor shield
5
ZIF socket
6
socket keys (2)
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CAUTION: Be careful not to bend any of the pins on the ZIF socket when removing
the processor. Bending the pins can permanently damage the system board.
12 Carefully, lift the processor out of the socket and leave the release lever up
so that the socket is ready for the new processor.
Installing a Processor
1 Unpack the new processor.
2 Align the processor with the socket keys on the ZIF socket. See
Figure 3-16.
CAUTION: Positioning the processor incorrectly can permanently damage the
system board or the processor. Be careful not to bend the pins in the socket.
3 With the release lever on the processor socket in the open position, align
the processor with the socket keys and set the processor lightly in the
socket.
CAUTION: Do not use force to seat the processor. When the processor is
positioned correctly, it engages easily into the socket.
4 Close the processor shield.
5 Rotate the socket release lever down until it snaps into place.
6 Using a clean lint-free cloth, remove the thermal grease from the heat sink.
7 Open the grease packet included with your processor kit and apply thermal
grease evenly to the top of the new processor.
8 Place the heat sink on the processor. See Figure 3-16.
9 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, tighten the heat-sink retention screws.
See Figure 3-15.
10 Replace the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 74.
11 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
12 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
13 Reconnect the system and peripherals to their power sources, and turn
them on.
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14 Press <F2> to enter the System Setup program, and check that the processor
information matches the new system configuration. See "Entering the
System Setup Program" on page 36.
15 Run the system diagnostics to verify that the new processor operates
correctly. See "Running the Embedded System Diagnostics" on page 122
for information about running the diagnostics.
Cooling Fan
Your system has one cooling fan.
Removing the Cooling Fan
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 73.
5 Disconnect the fan’s power cable from the system board.
6 Pull the fan release tab and slide the fan out of the securing slots on the
chassis, and lift the fan out.
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Figure 3-17. Removing and Installing the Cooling Fan
1
2
3
1
release tab
3
power cable
2
securing tabs
Installing the Cooling Fan
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Align the tabs on the system fan with the securing slots on the chassis.
2 Slide the system fan into the securing slots until the tabs lock into place.
3 Connect the fan cable to the system board. See Figure 6-1 for the location
of the connector.
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4 Replace expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
5 Replace the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 74.
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
System Battery
Replacing the System Battery
WARNING: There is a danger of a new battery exploding if it is incorrectly
installed. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended
by the manufacturer. See your safety information for additional info.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Locate the battery socket. See Figure 6-1.
CAUTION: To avoid damage to the battery connector, you must firmly support the
connector while installing or removing a battery.
4 To remove the system battery, push the metal tab away from the battery
until the battery pops out.
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Figure 3-18. Replacing the System Battery
1
2
3
1
positive side of battery connector
3
negative side of battery connector
2
system battery
5 To install the new system battery, hold the battery with the "+" facing up,
and aligned to the metal tab on the socket. Press the battery straight down
into the socket until it snaps into place.
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
7 Enter the System Setup program to confirm that the battery is operating
properly. See "Using the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager"
on page 35.
8 Enter the correct time and date in the System Setup program's Time and
Date fields.
9 Exit the System Setup program.
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Power Supply
Removing the Power Supply
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 73.
5 Disconnect all the power cables from the system board and drives.
NOTE: Note the routing of the DC power cables underneath the tabs in the
system frame as you release the tabs and remove the cables from the system
board and drives. You must route these cables properly when you replace
them to prevent their being pinched or crimped.
6 Remove the cables secured to the cable clip on the side of the power
supply.
7 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, remove the four screws that secure the
power supply to the back panel.
8 Press the power-supply release tab down and slide the power supply toward
the front of the system.
9 Lift the power-supply out of the chassis. See Figure 3-19.
10 Remove the cable clip and set it aside to attach to the new power supply.
Installing System Components
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Figure 3-19. Removing the Power Supply
2
1
3
4
1
power supply
2
screws (4)
3
cable clip
4
power-supply release tab
Installing the Power Supply
1 Attach the cable clip to the new power supply.
2 Align the power supply mounting holes with the mounting holes on the
back panel.
3 Slide the power supply toward the back panel until it snaps into place over
the power-supply release tab.
4 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, install the four screws that secure the
power supply to the back panel.
5 Secure the I/O panel and SATA cables (if present) to the routing clip on
the side of the power supply.
6 Connect all the power cables to the system board and drives.
7 Replace the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 74.
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8 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
Internal USB Memory Key
An optional USB memory key installed inside your system can be used as a
boot device, security key, or mass storage device.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Locate the USB connector on the system board. See Figure 6-1.
4 Insert the USB memory key into the USB connector. See Figure 3-20.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
6 Enter the System Setup program and verify that the USB key has been
detected by the system. See"Using the System Setup Program and UEFI
Boot Manager" on page 35.
The USB connector must be enabled by the Internal USB Port option in
the Integrated Devices screen of the System Setup program. See
"Integrated Devices Screen" on page 42.
To boot from the USB memory key, configure the USB memory key with
a boot image and then specify the USB memory key in the boot
sequence in the System Setup program.
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Figure 3-20. Removing or Installing a USB Memory Key
1
2
1
USB memory key
2
USB memory key connector
Chassis Intrusion Switch
Removing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Disconnect the chassis intrusion switch cable from the INTRUSION
connector on the system board. See Figure 6-1.
4 Slide the chassis intrusion switch out of the securing bracket notch. See
Figure 3-21.
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5 Remove the switch and its attached cable from the system.
Figure 3-21.
Removing and Installing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
1
2
3
1
chassis intrusion switch
3
INTRUSION connector
2
securing bracket notch
Installing the Chassis Intrusion Switch
1 Align the chassis intrusion switch with the securing bracket notch. See
Figure 3-21.
2 Slide the switch into the securing bracket notch.
3 Connect the switch cable to the INTRUSION connector on the system
board. See Figure 6-1.
4 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Control Panel Assembly
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Removing the Control Panel Assembly
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on page 59.
4 Disconnect the control panel cable from the system board:
CAUTION: Do not pull on the cable to unseat the connector. Doing so can damage
the cable.
a
Press the metal tabs on the ends of the cable connector.
b
Gently work the connector out of the socket.
5 Remove the screw holding the link bracket lock and lift the link bracket
lock out of the system.
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Figure 3-22.
Removing the Link Bracket Lock
1
1
link bracket lock
6 Remove the mounting screw holding the control panel assembly to the
front chassis. See Figure 3-23.
7 Lift the control panel assembly out of the system.
8 Disconnect the control panel cable from the control panel assembly:
CAUTION: Do not pull on the cable to unseat the connector. Doing so can damage
the cable.
a
Press the metal tabs on the ends of the cable connector.
b
Gently work the connector out of the socket.
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Figure 3-23. Removing and Installing the Control Panel Assembly
2
1
3
4
1
mounting screw
2
control panel board
3
control panel cable
4
standoff
Installing the Control Panel Assembly
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Connect the control panel cable to the control panel board.
2 Align the slot in the control panel board with the standoff on the chassis
and secure with the screw. See Figure 3-23.
3 Secure the link bracket lock by replacing the screw. See Figure 3-23.
4 Secure the control panel cable through the clips beneath the optional tape
or optical drive and on the side of the power supply unit.
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5 Connect the control panel cable to the system board.
6 Replace the front bezel. See "Installing the Front Bezel" on page 60.
7 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
System Board
Removing the System Board
WARNING: The heat sink can get hot during operation. To avoid burns, ensure
that the system has sufficient time to cool before removing the system board.
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: If you are using the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) with an encryption
program, you may be prompted to create a recovery key during system or program
setup. Be sure to create and safely store this recovery key. If you ever need to
replace the system board, you must supply the recovery key when you restart your
system or program before you can access the encrypted data on your hard drive(s).
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Remove expansion card stabilizer. See "Removing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
4 Remove the cooling shroud. See "Removing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 73.
5 Disconnect all cables from the system board.
6 Remove the cooling fan. See "Removing the Cooling Fan" on page 89.
7 Remove all expansion cards and any attached cables. See "Removing an
Expansion Card" on page 76.
8 Remove all memory modules. See "Removing Memory Modules" on
page 82.
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CAUTION: The processor and heat sink can become extremely hot. Allow
sufficient time for the processor and heat sink to cool before handling.
9 Remove the processor heat sink. See "Removing the Processor" on page 85.
10 Using a #2 Phillips screwdriver, remove the ten screws securing the system
board to the chassis and then slide the system board toward the front end
of the chassis.
CAUTION: Do not lift the system board by grasping a memory module, processor,
or other components.
11 Grasp the system board by the edges of the system board and lift the
system board out of the chassis. See Figure 3-24.
Figure 3-24. Removing and Installing the System Board
1
2
1
screws (10)
2
system board
Installing the System Board
1 Unpack the new system board.
2 Remove the labels from the processor shield and affix them to the system
identification panel on the front of the system. See Figure 3-24.
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3 Holding the system board by its edges, lower the system board into the
chassis.
CAUTION: Do not lift the system board by grasping a memory module, processor,
or other components.
4 Slightly lift up the front of the system board and maneuver the system
board to the bottom of the chassis until it lays completely flat.
5 Push the system board toward the back of the chassis until the board is in
place.
6 Tighten the ten screws to secure the system board to the chassis. See
Figure 6-1.
7 Transfer the processor to the new system board. See "Removing the
Processor" on page 85 and "Installing a Processor" on page 88.
8 Replace all the memory modules and memory blanks. See "Installing
Memory Modules" on page 83.
9 Connect the cables in the order listed below (see Figure 6-1 for the
locations of the connectors on the system board):
•
SATA interface cable, if applicable
•
Control panel interface cable
•
Optical/tape drive power cable
•
System board power cables
10 Install all expansion cards. See "Installing an Expansion Card" on page 78.
11 Replace the cooling fan. See "Installing the Cooling Fan" on page 90.
12 Replace the heat sink. See "Installing a Processor" on page 88.
13 Replace the cooling shroud. See "Installing the Cooling Shroud" on
page 74.
14 Replace the expansion card stabilizer. See "Installing the Expansion Card
Stabilizer" on page 72.
15 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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Troubleshooting Your System
Safety First—For You and Your System
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Troubleshooting System Startup Failure
If your system halts during startup prior to video output, especially after
installing an operating system or reconfiguring your system’s hardware, check
for the following conditions:
•
If you boot the system to the BIOS boot mode after installing an operating
system from the UEFI Boot Manager, the system hangs. The reverse is also
true. You must boot to the same boot mode in which you installed the
operating system. See "Using the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot
Manager" on page 35.
•
Invalid memory configurations could cause the system to halt at startup
without any video output. See "System Memory" on page 80.
For all other startup issues, note the system messages that appear onscreen.
See "System Messages" on page 20 for more information.
Troubleshooting External Connections
Ensure that all external cables are securely attached to the external
connectors on your system before troubleshooting any external devices. See
Figure 1-1 and Figure 1-2 for the front- and back-panel connectors on your
system.
Troubleshooting Your System
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Troubleshooting the Video Subsystem
1 Check the system and power connections to the monitor.
2 Check the video interface cabling from the system to the monitor.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Online Diagnostics"
on page 121.
If the tests run successfully, the problem is not related to video hardware.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting a USB Device
Use the following steps to troubleshoot a USB keyboard/mouse. For other
USB devices, go to step 4.
1 Disconnect the keyboard and mouse cables from the system briefly and
reconnect them.
2 Connect the keyboard/mouse to the USB port(s) on the opposite side of
the system.
3 If the problem is resolved, restart the system, enter the System Setup
program, and check if the nonfunctioning USB ports are enabled.
4 Replace the keyboard/mouse with another working keyboard/mouse.
5 If the problem is resolved, replace the faulty keyboard/mouse.
6 If the problem is not resolved, proceed to the next step to begin
troubleshooting the other USB devices attached to the system.
7 Power down all attached USB devices and disconnect them from the
system.
8 Restart the system and, if your keyboard is functioning, enter the system
setup program. Verify that all USB ports are enabled. See "Integrated
Devices Screen" on page 42.
If your keyboard is not functioning, you can also use remote access. If the
system is not accessible, see "Disabling a Forgotten Password" on page 128
for instructions on setting the NVRAM_CLR jumper inside your system
and restoring the BIOS to the default settings.
9 Reconnect and power on each USB device one at a time.
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10 If a device causes the same problem, power down the device, replace the
USB cable, and power up the device.
If the problem persists, replace the device.
If all troubleshooting fails, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting a Serial I/O Device
1 Turn off the system and any peripheral devices connected to the serial
port.
2 Swap the serial interface cable with a working cable, and turn on the
system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the interface cable.
3 Turn off the system and the serial device, and swap the device with a
comparable device.
4 Turn on the system and the serial device.
If the problem is resolved, replace the serial device.
If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting a NIC
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Online Diagnostics"
on page 121.
2 Restart the system and check for any system messages pertaining to the
NIC controller.
3 Check the appropriate indicator on the NIC connector:
•
If the link indicator does not light, check all cable connections.
•
If the activity indicator does not light, the network driver files might
be damaged or missing.
Remove and reinstall the drivers if applicable. See the NIC's
documentation.
•
Change the autonegotiation setting, if possible.
•
Use another connector on the switch or hub.
See "NIC Indicator Codes" on page 16.
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4 Ensure that the appropriate drivers are installed and the protocols are
bound. See the NIC's documentation.
5 Enter the System Setup program and confirm that the NIC ports are
enabled. See "Integrated Devices Screen" on page 42.
6 Ensure that the NICs, hubs, and switches on the network are all set to the
same data transmission speed and duplex. See the documentation for each
network device.
7 Ensure that all network cables are of the proper type and do not exceed the
maximum length.
If all troubleshooting fails, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting a Wet System
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Disassemble components from the system. See "Installing System
Components" on page 55.
•
Hard drives
•
USB memory key
•
Cooling shroud and expansion card stabilizer
•
Expansion cards
•
Power supply
•
Cooling fan
•
Processor and heat sink
•
Memory modules
4 Let the system dry thoroughly for at least 24 hours.
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5 Reinstall the components you removed in step 3.
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
7 Turn on the system and attached peripherals.
If the system does not start properly, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
8 If the system starts properly, shut down the system and reinstall all of the
expansion cards that you removed. See "Installing an Expansion Card" on
page 78.
9 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Online Diagnostics"
on page 121.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting a Damaged System
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Ensure that the following components are properly installed:
•
Cooling shroud and expansion card stabilizer
•
Expansion cards
•
Power supply
•
Cooling fan
•
Processor and heat sink
•
Memory modules
•
Hard-drive carriers
4 Ensure that all cables are properly connected.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
Troubleshooting Your System
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6 Run the system board tests in the system diagnostics. See "Running the
System Diagnostics" on page 121.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting the System Battery
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
NOTE: If the system is turned off for long periods of time (for weeks or months), the
NVRAM may lose its system configuration information. This situation is caused by a
defective battery.
1 Re-enter the time and date through the System Setup program. See "Using
the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager" on page 35.
2 Turn off the system and disconnect it from the electrical outlet for at least
one hour.
3 Reconnect the system to the electrical outlet and turn on the system.
4 Enter the System Setup program.
If the date and time are not correct in the System Setup program, replace
the battery. See "Replacing the System Battery" on page 91.
If the problem is not resolved by replacing the battery, see "Getting Help"
on page 129.
NOTE: Some software may cause the system time to speed up or slow down. If the
system seems to operate normally except for the time kept in the System Setup
program, the problem may be caused by software rather than by a defective
battery.
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Troubleshooting Power Supply
1 Reseat the power supply by removing and reinstalling it. See "Removing
the Power Supply" on page 93 and "Installing the Power Supply" on
page 94.
NOTE: After installing a power supply, allow several seconds for the system
to recognize the power supply and to determine if it is working properly.
If the problem persists, replace the faulty power supply.
2 If the problem persists, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting System Cooling Problems
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
Ensure that none of the following conditions exist:
•
System cover, cooling shroud, EMI filler panel, memory-module blank, or
back filler bracket is removed.
•
Ambient temperature is too high.
•
External airflow is obstructed.
•
The cooling fan is removed or has failed. See "Troubleshooting Cooling
Fan" on page 112.
•
The expansion card installation guidelines have not been followed. See
"Expansion Card Installation Guidelines" on page 75.
Troubleshooting Your System
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Troubleshooting Cooling Fan
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Turn off the system and all attached peripherals.
2 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
3 Reseat the fan's power cable.
4 Restart the system.
If the fan functions properly, close the system. See "Closing the System" on
page 58.
5 If the fan does not function, turn off the system and install a new fan. See
"Installing the Cooling Fan" on page 90.
6 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
7 Restart the system.
If the problem is resolved, close the system. See "Closing the System" on
page 58.
If the replacement fan does not operate, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
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Troubleshooting System Memory
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
NOTE: Invalid memory configurations can cause your system to halt at startup
without video output. See "General Memory Module Installation Guidelines" on
page 80 and verify that your memory configuration complies with all applicable
guidelines.
1 If the system is operational, run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See
"Using Online Diagnostics" on page 121.
If diagnostics indicates a fault, follow the corrective actions provided by
the diagnostic program.
2 If the system is not operational, turn off the system and attached
peripherals, and unplug the system from the power source. Wait at least 10
seconds and then reconnect the system to power.
3 Turn on the system and attached peripherals and note the messages on the
screen.
Go to step 12 if an error message appears indicating a fault with a specific
memory module.
4 Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting.
See "Memory Settings Screen" on page 39. Make any changes to the
memory settings, if needed.
If the memory settings match the installed memory but a problem is still
indicated, go to step 12.
5 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
6 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
7 Check the memory channels and ensure that they are populated correctly.
See "General Memory Module Installation Guidelines" on page 80.
8 Reseat the memory modules in their sockets. See "Installing Memory
Modules" on page 83.
Troubleshooting Your System
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9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
10 Enter the System Setup program and check the system memory setting.
See "Memory Settings Screen" on page 39.
If the problem is not resolved, proceed with the next step.
11 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
12 If a diagnostic test or error message indicates a specific memory module as
faulty, swap or replace the module.
13 To troubleshoot an unspecified faulty memory module, replace the
memory module in the first DIMM socket with a module of the same type
and capacity. See "Installing Memory Modules" on page 83.
14 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
15 As the system boots, observe any error message that appears and the
diagnostic indicators on the front of the system.
16 If the memory problem is still indicated, repeat step 12 through step 15 for
each memory module installed.
If the problem persists after all memory modules have been checked, see
"Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting an Internal USB Key
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the USB key port is
enabled. See "Integrated Devices Screen" on page 42.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
4 Locate the USB key and reseat it.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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6 Turn on the system and attached peripherals and check if the USB key is
functioning.
7 If the problem is not resolved, repeat step 2 and step 3.
8 Insert a different USB key that you know works properly.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting an Optical Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Try using a different CD or DVD.
2 Enter the System Setup program and ensure that the integrated SATA
controller and the drive's SATA port are enabled. See "Using the System
Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager" on page 35.
3 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Online Diagnostics"
on page 121.
4 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
5 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
6 Remove the front bezel. See "Removing the Front Bezel" on page 59.
7 Ensure that the interface cable is securely connected to the optical drive
and to the controller.
8 Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
If the problem is not resolved, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting Your System
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Troubleshooting a Tape Backup Unit
1 Try using a different tape cartridge.
2 Ensure that the device drivers for the tape backup unit are installed and
are configured correctly. See your tape drive documentation for more
information about device drivers.
3 Reinstall the tape-backup software as instructed in the tape-backup
software documentation.
4 For external tape drives, ensure that the tape drive’s interface cable is fully
connected to the external port on the controller card. For internal tape
drives, check the cable connections:
a
Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the
system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
c
Reseat the controller card in the expansion card slot.
d
Ensure that the tape drive's interface cable is fully connected to the
tape drive and to the connector on the controller card (SAS or SCSI).
e
Ensure that a power cable is properly connected to the drive and to
the system board.
f
Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
5 For SCSI tape drives, verify that the tape drive is configured for a unique
SCSI ID number and that the tape drive is terminated or not terminated,
based on the interface cable used to connect the drive.
See the documentation for the tape drive for instructions on selecting the
SCSI ID number and enabling or disabling termination.
6 Run the appropriate online diagnostics tests. See "Using Online
Diagnostics" on page 121.
If you cannot resolve the problem, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
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Troubleshooting a Hard Drive
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
CAUTION: This troubleshooting procedure can destroy data stored on the hard
drive. Before you proceed, back up all files on the hard drive.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using Online
Diagnostics" on page 121.
Depending on the results of the diagnostics test, proceed as needed
through the following steps.
2 If your system has a RAID controller and your hard drives are configured in
a RAID array, perform the following steps:
a
Restart the system and enter the host adapter configuration utility
program by pressing <Ctrl><R> for a PERC controller or
<Ctrl><C> for a SAS controller.
See the documentation supplied with the host adapter for information
about the configuration utility.
b
Ensure that the hard drive(s) have been configured correctly for the
RAID array.
c
Take the hard drive offline and reseat the drive.
d
Exit the configuration utility and allow the system to boot to the
operating system.
3 Ensure that the required device drivers for your controller card are installed
and are configured correctly. See the operating system documentation for
more information.
4 Restart the system, enter the System Setup program, and verify that the
controller is enabled and the drives appear in the System Setup program.
See "Using the System Setup Program and UEFI Boot Manager" on
page 35.
If the problem persists, see "Troubleshooting Expansion Cards" on
page 118.
Troubleshooting Your System
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Troubleshooting Expansion Cards
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
NOTE: When troubleshooting an expansion card, see the documentation for your
operating system and the expansion card.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test. See "Using Online Diagnostics"
on page 121.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
4 Ensure that each expansion card is firmly seated in its connector. See
"Installing an Expansion Card" on page 78.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
6 If the problem is not resolved, turn off the system and attached
peripherals, and disconnect the system from the electrical outlet.
7 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
8 Remove all expansion cards installed in the system. See "Removing an
Expansion Card" on page 76.
9 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
10 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
11 For each expansion card you removed in step 8, perform the following
steps:
118
a
Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the
system from the electrical outlet.
b
Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
c
Reinstall one of the expansion cards.
d
Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
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e
Run the appropriate diagnostic test.
If the tests fail, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting the Processor
CAUTION: Many repairs may only be done by a certified service technician. You
should only perform troubleshooting and simple repairs as authorized in your
product documentation, or as directed by the online or telephone service and
support team. Damage due to servicing that is not authorized by Dell is not covered
by your warranty. Read and follow the safety instructions that came with the
product.
1 Run the appropriate online diagnostics test. See "Using Online
Diagnostics" on page 121.
2 Turn off the system and attached peripherals, and disconnect the system
from the electrical outlet.
3 Open the system. See "Opening the System" on page 57.
4 Ensure that the processor and heat sink are properly installed. See
"Installing a Processor" on page 88.
5 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
6 Run the appropriate online diagnostic test.
If a problem is still indicated, see "Getting Help" on page 129.
Troubleshooting Your System
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Running the System Diagnostics
If you experience a problem with your system, run the diagnostics before
calling for technical assistance. The purpose of the diagnostics is to test your
system's hardware without requiring additional equipment or risking data
loss. If you are unable to fix the problem yourself, service and support
personnel can use diagnostics test results to help you solve the problem.
Using Online Diagnostics
To assess a system problem, first use the Online Diagnostics. Online
Diagnostics is a suite of diagnostic programs, or test modules, that include
diagnostic tests on chassis and storage components such as hard drives,
physical memory, communications and printer ports, NICs, CMOS, and
more. If you are unable to identify the problem using the online diagnostics,
then use the embedded system diagnostics.
The files required to run the online diagnostics for systems running supported
Microsoft® Windows® and Linux operating systems are available at
support.dell.com and on the CDs that came with your system. For
information about using diagnostics, see the Dell Online Diagnostics User's
Guide.
Embedded System Diagnostics Features
The system diagnostics provides a series of menus and options for particular
device groups or devices. The system diagnostics menus and options allow
you to:
•
Run tests individually or collectively
•
Control the sequence of tests
•
Repeat tests
•
Display, print, or save test results
•
Temporarily suspend testing if an error is detected or terminate testing
when a user-defined error limit is reached
•
View help messages that briefly describe each test and its parameters
Running the System Diagnostics
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•
View status messages that inform you if tests are completed successfully
•
View error messages that inform you of problems encountered during
testing
When to Use the Embedded System Diagnostics
If a major component or device in the system does not operate properly,
component failure may be indicated. As long as the processor and the
system's input/output devices are functioning, you can use the embedded
system diagnostics to help identify the problem.
Running the Embedded System Diagnostics
The embedded system diagnostics program is run from the Unified Server
Configurator (USC) screen.
CAUTION: Use the embedded system diagnostics to test only your system. Using
this program with other systems may cause invalid results or error messages.
1 As the system boots, press <F10>.
2 Click Diagnostics in the left pane and click Launch Diagnostics in the
right pane.
The Diagnostics menu allows you to run all or specific diagnostics tests or to
exit.
System Diagnostics Testing Options
Click the testing option in the Main Menu window.
Testing Option
Function
Express Test
Performs a quick check of the system. This option runs
device tests that do not require user interaction.
Extended Test
Performs a more thorough check of the system. This test
can take an hour or longer.
Custom Test
Tests a particular device.
Information
Displays test results.
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Using the Custom Test Options
When you select Custom Test in the Main Menu window, the Customize
window allows you to select the device(s) to be tested, select specific options
for testing, and view the test results.
Selecting Devices for Testing
The left side of the Customize window lists devices that can be tested. Click
(+) next to a device or module to view its components. Click (+) on any
component to view the tests that are available. Clicking a device, rather than
its components, selects all of the components of the device for testing.
NOTE: After you select all the devices and components that you want to test,
highlight All Devices and then click Run Tests.
Selecting Diagnostics Options
From the Diagnostics Options area, select the test(s) you want to run on a
device. You can select:
•
Non-Interactive Tests Only — Runs only tests that require no user
intervention.
•
Quick Tests Only — Runs only the quick tests on the device.
•
Show Ending Timestamp — Time stamps the test log.
•
Test Iterations — Selects the number of times the test is run.
•
Log output file pathname — Enables you to specify the USB memory key
where the test log file is saved. You cannot save the file to a hard drive.
Running the System Diagnostics
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Viewing Information and Results
The following tabs in the Customize window provide information about the
test and the test results:
124
•
Results — Displays the test that ran and the result.
•
Errors — Displays any errors that occurred during the test.
•
Help — Displays information about the currently selected device,
component, or test.
•
Configuration — Displays basic configuration information about the
currently selected device.
•
Parameters — Displays parameters that you can set for the test.
Running the System Diagnostics
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Jumpers and Connectors
System Board Jumper
For information on resetting the password jumper to disable a password, see
"Disabling a Forgotten Password" on page 128.
Table 6-1.
System Board Jumper Settings
Jumper
PWRD_EN
Setting
Description
(default) The password feature is enabled (pins 2-4)
The password feature is disabled (pins 4-6)
NVRAM_CLR
(default) The configuration settings are retained at system
boot (pins 3-5)
The configuration settings are cleared at the next
system boot (pins 1-3)
Jumpers and Connectors
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System Board Connectors
Figure 6-1.
System Board Jumpers and Connectors
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
27
10
26
25
24
11
23
22
21
20
12
19
18
17
13
16
15
14
Table 6-2.
System Board Jumpers and Connectors
Item
Connector
Description
1
USB
USB connectors (4)
2
SATA_F eSATA
eSATA connector
3
COM
serial connector
4
VGA
video connector
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Table 6-2.
System Board Jumpers and Connectors
Item
Connector
Description
5
NIC
NIC connector
6
FAN
System fan connector
7
SLOT1 PCIE_G2_X8
PCIe x8 half length
8
SLOT2 PCIE_G2_X8
PCIe x8 full length
9
SLOT3 PCIE_G2_X4
PCIe x4 half length
10
BATTERY
Battery socket
11
SLOT4 PCIE_G2_X1
PCIe x1 half length
12
HD_ACT_CARD
Auxiliary hard drive LED
13
INT_USB1 and INT_USB2
Internal USB key 1 and 2
14
CPU
Processor
15
POWER12V
Power connector 12V
16
DIMM_B1
DIMM_B1 memory module
17
DIMM_B2
DIMM_B2 memory module
18
DIMM_A1
DIMM_A1 memory module
19
DIMM_A2
DIMM_A2 memory module
20
CTRL_PNL
Control panel connector
21
SATA_B
SATA drive
22
SATA_A
SATA drive
23
SATA_C
SATA drive
24
SATA_D
SATA drive/optical drive
25
PWR_CONN
Power connector
26
INTRUSION
Intrusion switch connector
27
SATA_E ODD
SATA optical drive
Jumpers and Connectors
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Disabling a Forgotten Password
The system's software security features include a system password and a setup
password, which are discussed in detail in "Using the System Setup Program
and UEFI Boot Manager" on page 35. The password jumper enables these
password features or disables them and clears any password(s) currently in
use.
CAUTION: See "Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge" in the safety
instructions that came with the system.
1 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
2 Open the system. See "Opening and Closing the System" on page 57.
3 Remove the jumper plug from the password jumper.
See Figure 6-1 to locate the password jumper (labeled "PWRD_EN") on
the system board.
4 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
5 Place the system upright on a flat, stable surface.
6 Reattach any peripherals and connect the system to an electrical outlet.
7 Turn on the system and attached peripherals.
The existing passwords are not disabled (erased) until the system boots
with the password jumper plug removed. However, before you assign a new
system and/or setup password, you must install the jumper plug.
NOTE: If you assign a new system and/or setup password with the jumper
plug still removed, the system disables the new password(s) the next time it
boots.
8 Turn off the system, including any attached peripherals, and disconnect
the system from the electrical outlet.
9 Open the system. See "Opening and Closing the System" on page 57.
10 Install the jumper plug on the password jumper.
11 Close the system. See "Closing the System" on page 58.
12 Assign a new system and/or setup password.
To assign a new password using the System Setup program, see "Assigning
a System Password" on page 50.
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Getting Help
Contacting Dell
For customers in the United States, call 800-WWW-DELL (800-999-3355).
NOTE: If you do not have an active Internet connection, you can find contact
information on your purchase invoice, packing slip, bill, or Dell product catalog.
Dell provides several online and telephone-based support and service options.
Availability varies by country and product, and some services may not be
available in your area. To contact Dell for sales, technical support, or
customer service issues:
1 Visit support.dell.com.
2 Verify your country or region in the Choose A Country/Region drop-down
menu at the bottom of the page.
3 Click Contact Us on the left side of the page.
4 Select the appropriate service or support link based on your need.
5 Choose the method of contacting Dell that is convenient for you.
Getting Help
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Glossary
A — Ampere(s).
AC — Alternating current.
ACPI — Advanced Configuration and Power Interface. A standard interface for
enabling the operating system to direct configuration and power management.
ambient temperature — The temperature of the area or room where the system is
located.
ANSI — American National Standards Institute. The primary organization for
developing technology standards in the U.S.
asset tag — An individual code assigned to a system, usually by an administrator, for
security or tracking purposes.
backup — A copy of a program or data file. As a precaution, back up your system’s
hard drive(s) on a regular basis.
blade — A module that contains a processor, memory, and a hard drive. The modules
are mounted into a chassis that includes power supplies and fans.
BMC — Baseboard management controller.
bootable media — A CD or USB memory key that is used to start your system if the
system does not boot from the hard drive.
BTU — British thermal unit.
bus — An information pathway between the components of a system. Your system
contains an expansion bus that allows the processor to communicate with controllers
for the peripheral devices connected to the system. Your system also contains an
address bus and a data bus for communications between the processor and RAM.
C — Celsius.
cache — A fast storage area that keeps a copy of data or instructions for quick data
retrieval.
cm — Centimeter(s).
COMn — The device names for the serial ports on your system.
control panel — The part of the system that contains indicators and controls, such as
the power button and power indicator.
controller — A chip or expansion card that controls the transfer of data between the
processor and memory or between the processor and a peripheral device.
coprocessor — A chip that relieves the system’s processor of specific processing tasks.
A math coprocessor, for example, handles numeric processing.
Glossary
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CPU — Central processing unit. See processor.
DC — Direct current.
DDR — Double-data rate. A technology in memory modules that potentially doubles
the data rate by transferring data on both the rising and falling pulses of a clock cycle.
device driver — A program that allows the operating system or some other program to
interface correctly with a peripheral.
DHCP — Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A method of automatically
assigning an IP address to a client system.
diagnostics — A comprehensive set of tests for your system.
DIMM — Dual in-line memory module. See also memory module.
DNS — Domain Name System. A method of translating Internet domain names, such
as www.example.com, into IP addresses, such as 208.77.188.166.
DRAM — Dynamic random-access memory. A system’s RAM is usually made up
entirely of DRAM chips.
driver — See device driver.
DVD — Digital versatile disc or digital video disc.
ECC — Error checking and correction.
EMI — Electromagnetic interference.
ERA — Embedded remote access. ERA allows you to perform remote, or "out-ofband," server management on your network server using a remote access controller.
ESD — Electrostatic discharge.
ESM — Embedded server management.
expansion bus — Your system contains an expansion bus that allows the processor to
communicate with controllers for peripherals, such as NICs.
expansion card — An add-in card, such as a NIC or SCSI adapter, that plugs into an
expansion-card connector on the system board. An expansion card adds some
specialized function to the system by providing an interface between the expansion
bus and a peripheral.
expansion-card connector — A connector on the system board or riser board for
plugging in an expansion card.
F — Fahrenheit.
FAT — File allocation table. The file system structure used by MS-DOS® to organize
and keep track of file storage. The Microsoft® Windows® operating systems can
optionally use a FAT file system structure.
Fibre Channel — A high-speed network interface used primarily with networked
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storage devices.
flash memory — A type of electronic chip that can be programmed and
reprogrammed using a software utility.
FSB — Front-side bus. The FSB is the data path and physical interface between the
processor and the main memory (RAM).
FTP — File transfer protocol.
g — Gram(s).
G — Gravities.
Gb — Gigabit(s); 1024 megabits or 1,073,741,824 bits.
GB — Gigabyte(s); 1024 megabytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes. However, when referring
to hard-drive capacity, the term is usually rounded to 1,000,000,000 bytes.
graphics mode — A video mode that can be defined as x horizontal by y vertical pixels
by z colors.
host adapter — A controller that implements communication between the system’s
bus and the peripheral device, typically a storage device.
hot-swap — The ability to insert or install a device, typically a hard drive or an internal
cooling fan, into the host system while the system is powered on and running.
Hz — Hertz.
I/O — Input/output. A keyboard is an input device, and a monitor is an output device.
In general, I/O activity can be differentiated from computational activity.
IDE — Integrated drive electronics. A standard interface between the system board
and storage devices.
IP — Internet Protocol.
IPv6 — Internet Protocol version 6.
IPX — Internet package exchange.
IRQ — Interrupt request. A signal that data is about to be sent to or received by a
peripheral device travels by an IRQ line to the processor. Each peripheral connection
must be assigned an IRQ number. Two devices can share the same IRQ assignment,
but you cannot operate both devices simultaneously.
iSCSI — Internet SCSI (see SCSI). A protocol that enables SCSI device
communication across a network or the Internet.
jumper — Small blocks on a circuit board with two or more pins emerging from them.
Plastic plugs containing a wire fit down over the pins. The wire connects the pins and
creates a circuit, providing a simple and reversible method of changing the circuitry in
a board.
Glossary
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K — Kilo-; 1000.
Kb — Kilobit(s); 1024 bits.
KB — Kilobyte(s); 1024 bytes.
Kbps — Kilobit(s) per second.
KBps — Kilobyte(s) per second.
kg — Kilogram(s); 1000 grams.
kHz — Kilohertz.
KVM — Keyboard/video/mouse. KVM refers to a switch that allows selection of the
system from which the video is displayed and for which the keyboard and mouse are
used.
LAN — Local area network. A LAN is usually confined to the same building or a few
nearby buildings, with all equipment linked by wiring dedicated specifically to the
LAN.
LCD — Liquid crystal display.
LED — Light-emitting diode. An electronic device that lights up when a current is
passed through it.
LGA — Land grid array.
local bus — On a system with local-bus expansion capability, certain peripheral
devices (such as the video adapter circuitry) can be designed to run much faster than
they would with a traditional expansion bus. See also bus.
LOM — LAN on motherboard.
LVD — Low voltage differential.
m — Meter(s).
mA — Milliampere(s).
MAC address — Media Access Control address. Your system’s unique hardware
number on a network.
mAh — Milliampere-hour(s).
Mb — Megabit(s); 1,048,576 bits.
MB — Megabyte(s); 1,048,576 bytes. However, when referring to hard-drive capacity,
the term is often rounded to mean 1,000,000 bytes.
Mbps — Megabits per second.
MBps — Megabytes per second.
MBR — Master boot record.
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Glossary
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memory address — A specific location, usually expressed as a hexadecimal number, in
the system’s RAM.
memory module — A small circuit board containing DRAM chips that connects to the
system board.
memory — An area in your system that stores basic system data. A system can contain
several different forms of memory, such as integrated memory (ROM and RAM) and
add-in memory modules (DIMMs).
memory key — A portable flash memory storage device integrated with a USB
connector.
MHz — Megahertz.
mirroring — A type of data redundancy in which a set of physical drives stores data
and one or more sets of additional drives stores duplicate copies of the data. Mirroring
functionality is provided by software. See also striping and RAID.
mm — Millimeter(s).
ms — Millisecond(s).
NAS — Network Attached Storage. NAS is one of the concepts used for implementing
shared storage on a network. NAS systems have their own operating systems,
integrated hardware, and software that are optimized to serve specific storage needs.
NIC — Network interface controller. A device that is installed or integrated in a
system to allow connection to a network.
NMI — Nonmaskable interrupt. A device sends an NMI to signal the processor about
hardware errors.
ns — Nanosecond(s).
NVRAM — Nonvolatile random-access memory. Memory that does not lose its
contents when you turn off your system. NVRAM is used for maintaining the date,
time, and system configuration information.
parity — Redundant information that is associated with a block of data.
parity stripe — In RAID arrays, a striped hard drive containing parity data.
partition — You can divide a hard drive into multiple physical sections called
partitions with the fdisk command. Each partition can contain multiple logical drives.
You must format each logical drive with the format command.
PCI — Peripheral Component Interconnect. A standard for local-bus
implementation.
PDU — Power distribution unit. A power source with multiple power outlets that
provides electrical power to servers and storage systems in a rack.
peripheral — An internal or external device, such as a keyboard, connected to a
Glossary
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system.
pixel — A single point on a video display. Pixels are arranged in rows and columns to
create an image. A video resolution, such as 640 x 480, is expressed as the number of
pixels across by the number of pixels up and down.
POST — Power-on self-test. Before the operating system loads when you turn on your
system, the POST tests various system components such as RAM and hard drives.
processor — The primary computational chip inside the system that controls the
interpretation and execution of arithmetic and logic functions. Software written for
one processor must usually be revised to run on another processor. CPU is a synonym
for processor.
PXE — Preboot eXecution Environment. A way of booting a system via a LAN
(without a hard drive).
RAC — Remote access controller.
RAID — Redundant array of independent disks. A method of providing data
redundancy. Some common implementations of RAID include RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID
5, RAID 10, and RAID 50. See also mirroring and striping.
RAM — Random-access memory. The system’s primary temporary storage area for
program instructions and data. Any information stored in RAM is lost when you turn
off your system.
R-DIMM — A registered DDR3 memory module.
readme file — A text file, usually shipped with software or hardware, that contains
information supplementing or updating the product’s documentation.
read-only file — A read-only file is one that you are prohibited from editing or
deleting.
ROM — Read-only memory. Your system contains some programs essential to its
operation in ROM code. A ROM chip retains its contents even after you turn off your
system. Examples of code in ROM include the program that initiates your system’s
boot routine and the POST.
ROMB — RAID on motherboard.
SAN — Storage Area Network. A network architecture that enables remote networkattached storage devices to appear to a server to be locally attached.
SAS — Serial-attached SCSI.
SATA — Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. A standard interface between the
system board and storage devices.
SCSI — Small computer system interface. An I/O bus interface with faster data
transmission rates than standard ports.
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SDRAM — Synchronous dynamic random-access memory.
sec — Second(s).
serial port — A legacy I/O port with a 9-pin connector that transfers data one bit at a
time and is most often used to connect a modem to the system.
service tag — A bar code label on the system used to identify it when you call Dell for
technical support.
SMART — Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology. Allows hard drives to
report errors and failures to the system BIOS and then display an error message on the
screen.
SMP — Symmetric multiprocessing. Used to describe a system that has two or more
processors connected via a high-bandwidth link and managed by an operating system,
where each processor has equal access to I/O devices.
SNMP — Simple Network Management Protocol. A standard interface that allows a
network manager to remotely monitor and manage workstations.
striping — Disk striping writes data across three or more disks in an array, but only
uses a portion of the space on each disk. The amount of space used by a "stripe" is the
same on each disk used. A virtual disk may use several stripes on the same set of disks
in an array. See also guarding, mirroring, and RAID.
SVGA — Super video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video
adapters with greater resolution and color display capabilities than previous standards.
system board — As the main circuit board, the system board usually contains most of
your system’s integral components, such as the processor(s), RAM, controllers for
peripherals, and various ROM chips.
system configuration information — Data stored in memory that tells a system what
hardware is installed and how the system should be configured for operation.
system memory — See RAM.
System Setup program — A BIOS-based program that allows you to configure your
system’s hardware and customize the system’s operation by setting features such as
password protection. Because the System Setup program is stored in NVRAM, any
settings remain in effect until you change them again.
TCP/IP — Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
termination — Some devices (such as the last device at each end of a SCSI cable)
must be terminated to prevent reflections and spurious signals in the cable. When
such devices are connected in a series, you may need to enable or disable the
termination on these devices by changing jumper or switch settings on the devices or
by changing settings in the configuration software for the devices.
TOE — TCP/IP offload engine.
Glossary
137
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U-DIMM — An unregistered (unbuffered) DDR3 memory module.
uplink port — A port on a network hub or switch used to connect to other hubs or
switches without requiring a crossover cable.
UPS — Uninterruptible power supply. A battery-powered unit that automatically
supplies power to your system in the event of an electrical failure.
USB — Universal Serial Bus. A USB connector provides a single connection point for
multiple USB-compliant devices, such as mice and keyboards. USB devices can be
connected and disconnected while the system is running.
USB memory key — See memory key.
utility — A program used to manage system resources—memory, disk drives, or
printers, for example.
V — Volt(s).
VAC — Volt(s) alternating current.
VDC — Volt(s) direct current.
VGA — Video graphics array. VGA and SVGA are video standards for video adapters
with greater resolution and color display capabilities than previous standards.
video adapter — The logical circuitry that provides (in combination with the monitor)
your system’s video capabilities. A video adapter may be integrated into the system
board or may be an expansion card that plugs into an expansion slot.
video memory — Most VGA and SVGA video adapters include memory chips in
addition to your system’s RAM. The amount of video memory installed primarily
influences the number of colors that a program can display (with the appropriate video
drivers and monitor capabilities).
video resolution — Video resolution (800 x 600, for example) is expressed as the
number of pixels across by the number of pixels up and down. To display a program at
a specific graphics resolution, you must install the appropriate video drivers and your
monitor must support the resolution.
virtualization — The ability via software to share the resources of a single computer
across multiple environments. A single physical system may appear to the user as
multiple virtual systems able to host multiple operating systems.
W — Watt(s).
WH — Watt-hour(s).
XML — Extensible Markup Language. XML is a way to create common information
formats and to share both the format and the data on the World Wide Web, intranets,
and elsewhere.
ZIF — Zero insertion force.
138
Glossary
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Index
Numerics
USB, 12, 14
video, 12, 14
5.25-inch drive
installing, 66
contacting Dell, 129
B
cooling fan
installing, 90
removing, 89
replacing, 90
troubleshooting, 112
battery
installing, 91
troubleshooting, 110
battery (system)
replacing, 91
BMC
configuring, 54
D
damaged systems
troubleshooting, 109
Dell
contacting, 129
C
cable clip, 94
CD drive
troubleshooting, 115
CD/DVD drive
installing, 66
removing, 63
chassis intrusion switch
installing, 97
removing, 96
replacing, 97
Dell PowerEdge Diagnostics
using, 121
diagnostics
advanced testing options, 123
testing options, 122
using Dell PowerEdge
Diagnostics, 121
when to use, 122
DIMM
sockets, 80
DVD drive. See CD/DVD drive.
closing the system, 58
connectors
Index
139
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E
I
error messages, 36
I/O panel
installing, 100
removing, 98
replacing, 100
expansion cards, 75
installing, 78
removing, 76
replacing, 78
troubleshooting, 118
F
front bezel
insert, 60
removing, 59
replacing, 60
front panel
features, 12
front-panel features, 12
G
guidelines
connecting external devices, 15
memory installation, 80
indicators
front-panel, 12
NIC, 16
power, 12, 17
insert on front bezel
removing, 60
replacing, 61
installing
5.25-inch drive, 66
CD/DVD drive, 66
chassis intrusion switch, 97
cooling fan, 90
expansion cards, 78
hard drive, 70
I/O panel, 100
memory modules, 83
power supply, 94
processor, 88
system battery, 91
system board, 102
tape drive, 66
H
hard drive
installing, 70
removing, 68
troubleshooting, 117
140
Index
K
keyboards
troubleshooting, 106
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 141 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
M
memory
branches, 80
channels, 80
troubleshooting, 113
setup, 52
system, 49
phone numbers, 129
POST
accessing system features, 11
memory key connector (USB), 95
power indicators, 12, 17
memory modules (DIMMs)
configuring, 80
installing, 83
removing, 82
power supplies
indicators, 17
troubleshooting, 111
messages
error messages, 36
system, 20
warning, 33
N
power supply
installing, 94
removing, 93
replacing, 94
processor
installing, 88
removing, 85
troubleshooting, 119
NIC
indicators, 16
NICs
troubleshooting, 107
O
opening the system, 57
options
system setup, 37
P
password
disabling, 128
R
recommended tools, 55
removing
CD/DVD drive, 63
chassis intrusion switch, 96
cooling fan, 89
expansion cards, 76
front bezel, 59
hard drive, 68
I/O panel, 98
memory modules, 82
power supply, 93
processor, 85
system board, 101
Index
141
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troubleshooting, 111
tape drive, 63
replacing
chassis intrusion switch, 97
cooling fan, 90
expansion cards, 78
front bezel, 60
I/O panel, 100
power supply, 94
system battery, 91
system board, 102
S
safety, 105
SAS controller card
installing, 79
SAS hard drive. See hard drive.
SATA hard drive. See hard drive.
securing your system, 45, 51
setup password, 52
system features
accessing, 11
system messages, 20
system password, 49
system setup
options, 37
system setup program
boot settings, 41
entering, 36
integrated devices options, 42
keystroke, 36
memory settings, 39
PCI IRQ assignments, 43
power management options, 44
processor settings, 39
SATA settings, 40
serial communications
options, 43
system security options, 45
system startup failure, 105
startup
accessing system features, 11
support
contacting Dell, 129
system
closing, 58
opening, 57
system board
installing, 102
removing, 101
replacing, 102
system cooling
142
Index
T
tape drive
installing, 66
removing, 63
telephone numbers, 129
TPM security, 45
troubleshooting
battery, 110
CD drive, 115
Mayzie_HOM.book Page 143 Monday, August 31, 2009 9:33 PM
cooling fan, 112
damaged system, 109
expansion cards, 118
external connections, 105
hard drive, 117
internal USB key, 114
keyboard, 106
memory, 113
NIC, 107
power supplies, 111
processor, 119
system cooling, 111
system startup failure, 105
video, 106
wet system, 108
troubleshooting, 106
W
warning messages, 33
warranty, 33
wet system
troubleshooting, 108
U
UEFI Boot Manager
entering, 47
main screen, 48
system utilities screen, 49
UEFI Boot Settings screen, 48
USB
front-panel connectors, 12
internal connector for memory
key, 95
USB key
troubleshooting, 114
V
video
front-panel connectors, 12
Index
143
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144
Index
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