Operator`s manual | DeLonghi EO2060 Oven User Manual

OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
IS5000Z Series
Zero-Turn Riding Mower
Tractor:
Model
IS5000Z/C31D
IS5000Z/C31DCE
IS5000ZC31D61CE
IS5000Z/D34
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
Mower Deck:
Description
Model
Description
IS5000Z w/ 31.5 HP CAT Engine
IS5000Z w/ 31.5 HP CAT Engine (Export)
IS5000Z w/ 31.5 HP CAT Engine (Export)
IS5000Z w/ 34 HP Briggs & Stratton, Diahatsu
5000/72
5000/72R
5000/61R
72”Mower Deck
72” Rear Discharge Mower Deck (Export)
61” Rear Discharge Mower Deck (Export)
22902
Rev. 05/2003
TP 100-7060-03-5Z-F
FERRIS LIMITED WARRANTY
IMPORTANT
This warranty shall apply ONLY if the warranty registration form has been completed and
returned to Ferris Industries, Inc. within 20 days from the date of delivery.
Ferris Industries, Inc. (Ferris) warrants, in accordance with the provisions below, to the
original purchaser for the period of twenty-four (24) months from the date of delivery of a
Ferris mower that the mower is free from defects in material or workmanship. Ferris’ obligation under this warranty is to repair or replace, at Ferris’ election, without charge and at
the place of business of a dealer authorized to handle Ferris mowers, any part or parts of
the machine which, in the judgment of Ferris, prove to be defective.
THIS WARRANTY AND FERRIS’ OBLIGATION HEREUNDER IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS
FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and all other obligations or liabilities of Ferris for incidental
and consequential damages resulting from the design, manufacture, sale or use of the
machine. No person is authorized to make any warranty or assume for Ferris any liability
not strictly in accordance with this warranty.
This warranty shall not apply to any mower part which, in the judgment of Ferris, has been
altered or tampered with in any way or has been subjected to misuse, neglect or accident,
or has had the serial numbers altered, effaced or removed. This warranty does not apply
to component parts not manufactured by Ferris (motors, batteries, tires, belts) except to
the extent of their individual manufacturer’s guarantees.
Ferris Industries, Inc. is continually striving to improve its products, and therefore reserves
the right to make improvements or change when it becomes practical and possible to do
so, without incurring any obligation to make changes or additions to the equipment sold
previously.
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
www.ferrisindustries.com
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table of Contents
Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Service .......30
Identification Numbers .......................................2
Safety Rules & Information ................................3
Features & Controls ............................................8
Troubleshooting the Rider .....................................30
Troubleshooting the Mower ...................................31
Seat Adjustment....................................................32
Ground Speed Control Lever Adjustment .............32
Speed Balancing Adjustment................................32
Neutral Adjustment ...............................................33
Neutral Position & Return Spring Adjustment.......33
Parking Brake Adjustment ....................................34
Front Suspension Adjustment...............................35
Rear Suspension Adjustment ...............................35
Mowing Height Adjustment ...................................36
Deck Leveling Adjustment.....................................36
Belt Removal & Replacement ...............................38
Mower Deck Drive Belt.................................38
Clutch Drive Belt ..........................................39
Pump Drive Belt ...........................................40
Gearbox Maintenance...........................................41
Check Gearbox Oil Level .............................41
Change Gearbox Oil ....................................41
Battery Service .....................................................42
Checking the Battery Voltage.......................42
Charging A Completely
Discharged Battery .................................42
Jump Starting with
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery......................42
Common Replacement Parts................................44
Control Functions....................................................8
Safety Interlock System ........................................10
Operating the Zero Turn Rider .........................12
General .................................................................12
Checks Before Starting .........................................12
Priming the Fuel System (diesel model only) .......13
Starting the Engine ...............................................14
Stopping the Tractor and Engine...........................14
Driving the Tractor .................................................14
Mowing..................................................................15
Pushing the Rider by Hand...................................15
Zero Turn Driving Practice ....................................16
Storage (diesel model)..........................................18
Starting After Long Term Storage (diesel model) .18
Diesel Fuel Recommendations .............................18
Storage (gas model) .............................................19
Starting After Long Term Storage (gas model) .....19
Regular Maintenance ........................................20
Maintenance Schedule .........................................20
Checking Tire Pressures.......................................20
Checking/Adding Fuel ..................................21 & 22
Fuel Filter .....................................................21 & 22
Oil & Filter Change ...............................................23
Check / Change Air Filter......................................23
Check Hydraulic Oil Level .....................................23
Check Antifreeze Level.................................24 & 25
Change Antifreeze........................................24 & 25
Clean Radiator, Screen & Oil Cooler ...........24 & 25
Check Warning Lights and Alarm .........................25
Lubrication ............................................................26
Battery Maintenance .............................................28
Checking Battery Fluid.................................28
Cleaning the Battery and Cables .................28
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................29
Lawn Care & Mowing Information .............LC—1
International Symbols ................................LC—8
Technical Manuals ......................................LC—8
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
WARNING
WARNING
You must read, understand and comply with all safety
and operating instructions in this manual before
attempting to set-up and operate your machine.
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
Failure to comply with all safety and operating
instructions can result in loss of machine control,
serious personal injury to you and / or bystanders,
and risk of equipment and property damage. The
triangle in the text signifies important cautions or
warnings which must be followed.
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
TP 100-7060-03-5Z-F
1
Identification
Numbers
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
PRODUCT
REFERENCE
DATA
Model Description Name/Number
Record your model name/number, unit and mower deck,
manufacturer numbers and engine serial number in the
space provided for easy reference.
Unit Model Number
Unit SERIAL Number
Mower Deck Model Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
A sample of the ID tag is shown below.
•
The Tractor I.D. tag is located on the inside of the
main frame rail, behind the deck height plate.
•
The Mower Deck I.D. tag is located under the righthand guard, near the front of the deck.
•
For location of Engine Serial Number, refer to the
Engine Owner’s Manual.
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Engine Make/Model
Engine ID/Serial Number
Be sure to fill out and return the Warranty Registration
Card supplied with your unit.
North American Models
CE Models
MODEL NO.
SERIAL NO.
MASS (kg)
DATE
POWER (kW)
FERRIS INDUSTRIES, INC.
MUNNSVILLE, NY 13409
MADE IN THE USA
2
02
Safety Rules
& Information
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment.
This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle in
text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
TRAINING
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for
accidents or injuries occurring to themselves, other
people or property.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely
enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can not read English it is the
owner’s responsibility to explain this material to them.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The
owner is responsible for training the users.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Never let children or untrained people operate or
service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
PREPARATION
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments are needed to properly and safely
perform the job. Use only accessories and attachments approved by the manufacturer.
• Wear appropriate clothing including safety shoes,
safety glasses and ear protection. Long hair, loose
clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving parts.
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be used
and remove all objects such as rocks, toys and wire,
which can be thrown by the machine.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
b) Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
c) Never refuel or drain the machine indoors.
• Check that operator’s presence controls, safety
switches and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate unless they are functioning
properly.
00
3
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
Safety Rules & Information
OPERATION
• Never operate with guards not securely in place. Be
sure all interlocks are attached, adjusted properly
and functioning properly.
• Never operate with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered, unless using a grass catcher.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed the engine.
• Stop on level ground, lower implements, disengage
drives, engage parking brake, shut off engine before
leaving the operator’s position for any reason including emptying the grass catchers or unclogging the
chute.
• Stop equipment and inspect blades after striking
objects or abnormal vibration occurs. Make necessary repairs before resuming operations.
• Keep hands and feet away from the cutting units.
• Look behind and down before backing up to be sure
of a clear path.
• Never carry passengers and keep pets and
bystanders away.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
crossing roads and sidewalks. Stop blades if not
mowing.
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Mow only in the daylight or with good artificial light,
keeping away from holes and hidden hazards.
• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake is
engaged before starting engine. Only start engine
from the operator’s position. Use seat belts if provided.
• Be sure of your footing while using pedestrian controlled equipment, especially when backing up. Walk,
don’t run. Reduced footing could cause slipping.
• Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Be sure
to travel in the recommended direction on hillsides.
Turf conditions can affect the machines stability. USe
caution when operating near drop-offs.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while traveling in reverse.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector in place.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
when changing directions on slopes.
• Never raise deck with the blades running.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting. Keep hands and
feet away from the cutting units.
• Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
SLOPE OPERATION
WARNING
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not drive
on it.
Never operate on slopes greater than 20°
(36.4 percent) which is a rise of 7-1/4 feet (220 cm)
vertically in 20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catcher.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the face,
use caution when changing directions and DO NOT
START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
Do
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a slow speed so that you
will not have to stop or change speed while on the
slope.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
available weights to improve stability.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The operator could lose footing or balance or
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced footing or traction could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not mow excessively steep slopes.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
Do Not
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
4
00
Safety Rules & Information
CHILDREN
EMISSIONS
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
• Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
• Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period and
Air Index information on the engine emissions label.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
• Carefully release pressure from components with
stored energy. (eg. springs)
• Disconnect battery or remove spark plug wire before
making any repairs. Disconnect the negative terminal first and the positive last. Reconnect positive first
and negative last.
• Use care when checking blades. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use caution when servicing
them. Only replace blades. Never straighten or weld
them.
• Keep hands and feet away from moving parts.
• Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area,
away from spark and flames. Unplug charger before
connecting or disconnecting from battery. Wear protective clothes and use insulated tools.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all
hardware tightened. Replace all worn or damaged
decals.
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently
check components and replace with manufacturer’s
recommended parts, when necessary.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments.
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper
service procedures can result in hazardous operation, equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s warranty.
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling
practices when refueling the unit after transportation
or storage.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, such as in a water
heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
• Shut off fuel while storing or transporting. Do not
store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
• Keep all hardware, especially blade attachment bolts,
tight and keep all parts in good working condition.
Replace all worn or damaged decals.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.
• Disengage drives, lower implement, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect
spark plug wire. Wait for all movement to stop before
adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
• Clean grass and debris from cutting units, drives,
mufflers, and engine to prevent fires. Clean up oil or
fuel spillage.
• Let engine cool before storing and do not store near
flame.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise.
• Park machine on level ground. Never allow untrained
personnel to service machine.
• Use jack stands to support components when
required.
00
5
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
Safety Rules & Information
WARNING
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE: Improper release of
springs can result in serious personal injury.
Spring should be removed by an authorized dealer
only.
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure may
have sufficient force to penetrate skin and cause
serious injury.
If foreign fluid is injected into the skin it must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this form of injury or gangrene may
result.
Keep body and hands away from pin holes or nozzles
that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure. Use
paper or cardboard and not hands to search for leaks.
Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections are tight and
all hydraulic hoses and lines are in good condition
before applying pressure to the system.
If leaks occur, have the unit serviced immediately by
your authorized dealer.
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE: Engine Radiator
(Water-Cooled Models Only)
To prevent serious bodily injury from hot coolant or
steam blow-out, never attempt to remove the radiator
cap while the engine is running. Stop the engine and
wait until it is cool. Even then, use extreme care
when removing cap.
6
00
Safety Decals
GENERAL
The safety decals below are on your unit.
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant visual reminder to you, and others who may use
the equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for safe, effective operation.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your unit.
NOTE: Engine operation and safety decals are supplied
by the engine manufacturer.
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your mower should be carefully read and
obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when these
instructions are not followed. The information is for your
safety and it is important.
DANGER
DANGER
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
ROTATING CUTTING BLADE
Do not operate mower
without deflector or entire
grass catcher in place.
Do not put hands or feet
under mower deck while
blade is rotating.
1704277
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704277
1704276
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276
Decal - Instruction/Safety
Part No. 47540
WARNING
BEWARE OF
POWER DRIVEN PARTS
Decal - Warning
Part No. 20337
01
Decal - Caution
Part No. 46481
7
Features & Controls
of the Zero Turn Rider
Please take a moment and familiarize
yourself with the name, location, and
function of the following. This will
enable you to understand the safety and
operating instructions provided in this
manual.
A
B
A
C
D
E
F
H
G
Figure 1. CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of the individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and
sequence of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
A. Ground Speed Control Levers
D. Instrument Panel
These levers control the ground speed of the rider. The
left lever controls the left rear drive wheel and the right
lever controls the right rear drive wheel.
The instrument panel shows a variety of engine operation and status information. See Page 8 for more
details.
Moving a lever forward increases the FORWARD speed
of the associated wheel, and pulling back on a lever
increases the REVERSE speed.
Note: The further a lever is moved away from the neutral
position the faster the drive wheel will turn.
E. Parking Brake Handle
See the Operating the Zero Turn Rider section, page 14,
for steering instructions.
F & G. Deck Lift Pedal & Cutting Height
Adjustment Pin
The parking brake is applied by pulling UP on the parking brake handle until it locks over-center. To release
the parking brake, push the handle DOWN.
These control the cutting height of the mower deck.
Depress the pedal until it locks into the TRANSPORT
position. Place the adjustment pin in the desired cutting
height and release the lift pedal.
B. Seat Adjustment Lever
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move the
lever forward, position the seat as desired, and release
the lever to lock the seat in position.
H. Fuel Tank Selection Valve
C. Control Panel
(Gas Model Only)
Turning the handle to the desired position determines
which tank will be supplying fuel. With the handle pointing towards the left, it will draw fuel from the left-hand
tank. With the handle pointed towards the right, it will
draw fuel from the right-hand fuel tank. With the handle
pointing towards the operator, it will shut off fuel flow to
the engine.
The control panel houses the starting, engine speed and
PTO controls. See Page 8 for more details.
8
00
C
B. Glow Plug Indicator (Diesel)
B
Indicates that the glow plugs are heating. Holding the
ignition key in the “HEAT” position until indicator starts to
glow, then turn the key to start.
C. PTO (Power Take Off) Switch
The PTO switch engages and disengages the mower.
Pull UP on the switch to engage the mower, and push
DOWN to disengage the mower.
A
D. Throttle Control
Diesel Model
D
C
E
Moving the throttle control fully forward is FULL throttle
position. Always operate the unit at FULL throttle when
mowing.
F
Pull To
Choke
RUN
E. Choke Control (Gas)
Pulling the round choke control knob (I) out fully chokes
the engine for cold starts. (A warm engine may not
require choking.)
F. Ignition Switch (Gas)
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
three positions:
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
Gas Model
D
G
H
F
170
195
280
80
HOURS
40
1
10
12
TM
100
C
140
WATER
TEMP
START Cranks the engine for starting.
16
VOLTS
TEMP
OIL
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
Number 1 in Reliability
J
I
Figure 2.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
14
10
FERRIS
RUN
220
100
0 0 0 0 0 0
K
G. Hour Meter
Control & Gauge Panels
Ignition Switch
Glow Plug Indicator
PTO Switch
Throttle Control
Choke Control
Ignition Switch
Measures the time of the PTO being engaged.
G. Hourmeter
H. Water Temp. Gauge
I. Voltmeter
J. Indicator Lights
K. Fuel Level Gauge
H. Voltmeter
Measures the battery voltage.
I. Water Temperature Gauge
A. Ignition Switch (Diesel)
Measures the engine coolant temperature.
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
four positions:
HEAT Heats the glow plugs.
J. Indicator Lights
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
ON
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
The indicator lights will illuminate and the buzzer will
sound when the ignition switch is in the “ON” position
before cranking the engine. After the engine is running,
the indicator lights will illuminate and the buzzer will
sound when there is either low oil pressure or high
coolant temperature.
K. Fuel Level Gauge
START Cranks the engine for starting.
Displays the total fuel level of both tanks on the diesel
model, and fuel level of the left-hand tank only on the
gas model.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the ON position
with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
00
9
Features & Controls
SAFETY
INTERLOCK SYSTEM
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches and
other safety devices. These safety systems are present
for your well being, do not attempt to bypass safety
switches, and never tamper with safety devices. Check
their operation regularly.
Operational SAFETY Checks
Your unit is equipped with a seat switch safety system.
Check the seat switch operation every fall and spring
with the following tests.
Figure 3.
Seat Switch Safety System
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
• PTO switch is engaged, OR
• Parking brake is not engaged, OR
• Motion control handles are not in the NEUTRAL
position, OR
• Operator is not on the seat.
Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
• PTO switch is NOT engaged, AND
• Parking brake is engaged, AND
• Motion control handles are locked in the NEUTRAL
position, AND
• Operator is on the seat.
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
• Operator rises off seat with parking brake disengaged, OR
• Operator engages PTO with parking brake engaged.
• Operator moves the control levers out of the neutral
position with the parking brake engaged.
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within seven seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). If mower
drive belt does not stop within seven seconds, see your
dealer.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, PTO switch must
be turned off, parking brake must be engaged, and the
motion control handles must be locked in the NEUTRAL
position after the operator returns to the seat in order to
start the engine.
WARNING
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety interlock system.
10
01
Notes
00
11
Operating
the Zero Turn Rider
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
WARNING
Before first time operation:
• Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this
tractor and mower.
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
Before leaving the operators position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
• Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
Do not stop or park tractor over dry leaves, grass
or combustible materials.
• Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to the unit.
Diesel fuel is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
• Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.
See the engine Operators Manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
• Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
• Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from the operators position.
• Check the radiator fluid level. See engine operator’s
manual for instructions.
• Fill the fuel tanks with fresh fuel. Refer to engine
manual for fuel recommendations.
• Check the hydraulic oil level. Refer to regular maintenance section, page 20.
B
DANGER
D
OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE
DANGEROUS
Never operate on slopes greater than 20°
(36.4 percent) which is a rise of 7-1/4 feet (220 cm)
vertically in 20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
C
Operate the unit at a slow ground speed when
driving onto slope.
Use extra caution when operating on slopes with
rear-mounted grass catcher, and when changing
directions. DO NOT START OR STOP ON A
SLOPE.
A
Figure 4.
Pre-Start Checks
(Diesel model shown, gas model in similar locations)
A. Crankcase Dip Stick
B. Oil Fill Cap
C. Fuel Tank Cap (both sides)
D. Seat Adjustment Lever
12
01
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
PRIMING THE FUEL SYSTEM
B
Diesel Model Only
A
Priming the fuel system fills the fuel filters and removes
any air bubbles from the fuel system. This must be performed before the first use, after any fuel filter maintenance or if the fuel system is run dry.
WARNING
Fuel leaked or spilled onto hot surfaces or
electrical components can cause a fire. To help
prevent possible injury, turn the ignition switch
off when changing fuel filter or water separator
element. Clean up fuel spills immediately.
To prime the fuel system:
C
On the water separator:
1. Using a 1/2” wrench, loosen the vent screw on the
water separator 2-3 revolutions.
2. Unscrew the priming hand pump (B, Figure 5) located on top of the water separator. Operate the hand
pump up and down until fuel that is free of air flows
from the vent.
3. Tighten the vent screw to 4.5 ft/lbs (6 N.m.). DO
NOT OVER TIGHTEN!
D
On the engine fuel filter:
1. Using the appropriate size wrench, loosen the vent
screw on the engine fuel filter 2-3 revolutions.
2. Operate the hand pump up and down until fuel that
is free of air flows from the vent.
3. Tighten the vent screw to 4.5 ft/lbs (6 N.m.). DO
NOT OVER TIGHTEN!
Figure 5.
A.
B.
C.
D.
On the engine injector pump:
1. Using a 13mm wrench, loosen the vent screw on the
fuel inlet 2-3 revolutions.
2. Operate the hand pump up and down until fuel that
is free of air flows from the vent.
3. Tighten the vent screw to 4.5 ft/lbs (6 N.m.). DO
NOT OVER TIGHTEN!
4. Tighten the priming fuel pump finger tight.
5. Start the engine. (See STARTING THE ENGINE). If
the engine will not start, further priming is necessary.
If the engine starts but misfires or continues to emit
smoke, further priming is necessary.
6. If the engine starts but runs rough, continue to run
the engine at low idle until the engine runs smoothly.
01
13
Fuel System Priming
Water Separator Vent Screw
Priming Hand Pump
Engine Fuel Filter Vent Screw
Injector Pump Vent Screw
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch and turn it to
START.
WARNING
4. After the engine starts, gradually open the choke
(push knob down fully).
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute
before engaging the PTO switch or driving the rider.
Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without
first becoming familiar with the location and
function of ALL controls.
5. After warming the engine, ALWAYS operate the
unit at FULL THROTTLE when mowing.
In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to
STOP. Use this method only in emergency situations.
For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given
in STOPPING THE RIDER.
STARTING THE ENGINE
(Diesel Model)
1. While sitting in the operators seat, engage the parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the ground speed control levers are
locked in the neutral position.
STOPPING THE TRACTOR & ENGINE
2. Set the throttle to middle position (set throttle to
FULL when starting in cold weather)
1. Returning the ground speed control levers to the
middle position will stop tractor movement. Pivot the
levers outward and lock them in neutral.
3. Turn the key to the HEAT position an hold to activate
the glow plugs (the glow plug indicator will start to
glow when the glow plugs are heating.)
2. Disengage the PTO.
4. Wait until the glow plug indicator begins to glow, then
turn the key to START. If the engine does not start
immediately, move the throttle control to FULL.
3. Engage the parking brake.
NOTE: Do not crank the engine continuously for more
than 30 seconds. Allow the starter motor to cool for two
minutes before cranking the engine again.
5.Turn the ignition key to OFF. Remove the key.
5. After the engine starts, move the engine throttle control to SLOW. Warm up the engine by running it for
at least a minute.
1. Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can
comfortably reach all of the controls and see the
instrument and gauge panels.
6. Move the throttle to FULL before engaging the PTO
switch or driving the machine.
2. Engage the parking brake.
4. Move the throttle control to SLOW and allow the
engine to cool down for a short time.
DRIVING THE TRACTOR
3. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the
ground speed control levers are locked in the neutral
position.
NOTE: In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to STOP.
Use this method only in emergency situations. For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given in
STOPPING THE TRACTOR.
4. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
5. Disengage the parking brake and pivot the ground
speed control levers inward.
STARTING THE ENGINE
6. Move the levers evenly forward to travel forward.
Return them to the neutral position to stop. Note that
the further the levers are moved forward the faster
the tractor will travel.
(Gas Model)
1. While sitting in the operators seat, engage the parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the motion control handles are locked in
the NEUTRAL position.
7. Stop the tractor by returning the control levers to the
neutral position, pivoting the levers outward to lock
into the neutral position, engaging the parking brake,
and stopping the engine (see STOPPING THE
TRACTOR AND ENGINE).
2. NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking.
Set the engine throttle control to FAST throttle position. Then fully close the choke by pulling the knob
OUT fully.
NOTE: See the ZERO-TURN DRIVING PRACTICE section on pages 14 & 15 for detailed instructions on driving
the tractor.
14
01
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
MOWING
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged, the motion control handles are
locked in the NEUTRAL position and the operator is
on the seat.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the mower cutting height.
4. Set the throttle to FULL.
5. Engage the PTO by pulling up on the PTO switch (E,
Figure 1).
6. Begin mowing. See the Lawn Care Section for tips
on mowing patterns, lawn care, and trouble shooting
information.
7. When finished, slow engine down and shut off the
PTO.
8. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
PUSHING THE RIDER BY HAND
DO NOT TOW RIDER
Towing the unit will cause hydraulic pump
and wheel motor damage. Do not use
another vehicle to push or pull this unit.
1. Refer to Figure 6 for hydraulic release valve location.
2. To open the dump valves, turn the right-hand release
valve, which is located on top of the right-hand
pump, counter-clockwise 2 full turns MAX. Then turn
the left-hand release valve, which is located on the
bottom of the left-hand pump, counter-clockwise 2
full turns MAX.
A
Figure 6.
A.
3. Disengage the parking brake. The tractor can now
be pushed by hand.
4. After moving the tractor, engage the parking brake.
Re-engage the pumps (drive position) by turning the
release valves clockwise and tighten to 80-120 in/lbs
(9-13.5 N.m.).
01
15
Hydraulic Release Valve Location
Hydraulic Release Valve (Right-hand side shown)
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
ZERO TURN
DRIVING PRACTICE
Smooth Travel
The lever controls of the
Zero Turn rider are
RESPONSIVE .
The lever controls of the Zero Turn rider are responsive,
and learning to gain a smooth and efficient control of the
rider’s forward, reverse, and turning movements will take
some practice.
The BEST method of
handling the ground
speed control levers is in
three steps — as shown
in Figure 3.
Spending some time going through the maneuvers
shown and becoming familiar with how the unit accelerates, travels, and steers — before you begin mowing —
is absolutely essential to getting the most out of the Zero
Turn rider.
FIRST place your hands
onto the levers as shown.
Locate a smooth, flat area of your lawn — one with
plenty of room to maneuver. (Clear the area of objects,
people and animals before you begin.) Operate the unit
at mid-throttle during this practice session (ALWAYS
operate at full throttle when mowing), and turn slowly to
prevent tire slippage and damage to your lawn.
SECOND, to go forward
gradually push the levers
forward with your palms.
We suggest you begin with the Smooth Travel procedure
to the right, and then advance through the forward,
reverse, and turning maneuvers.
THIRD, to speed up move
the levers farther forward.
To slow down smoothly,
slowly move the levers
toward neutral.
You must release the parking brake prior to moving the
control levers inward.
Figure 7.
Move Control
Levers Gradually
BASIC DRIVING
Forward Travel Practice
Reverse Travel Practice
Gradually move both ground speed control levers —
evenly FORWARD from neutral. Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Straight forward travel takes practice. If necessary, top speed can be balance-adjusted — see the
Speed Balancing Adjustment in the Adjustments section
located on page 26.
LOOK DOWN & BEHIND, then gradually move both
ground speed control levers evenly BACK from neutral.
Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Practice backing up for several minutes before
attempting to do so near objects. The rider turns sharply
in reverse as well as forward, and backing up straight
takes practice.
Reverse
Travel
Forward
Travel
Figure 8.
Forward Travel
Figure 9.
16
Reverse Travel
00
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
Practice Turning Around a Corner
Practice Turning In Place
While traveling forward allow one handle to gradually
return back toward neutral. Repeat several times.
To turn in place, “Zero Turn,” gradually move one ground
speed control lever forward from neutral and one lever
back from neutral simultaneously. Repeat several times.
NOTE: To prevent pivoting directly on the tire tread, it is
best to keep both wheels going at least slightly forward.
NOTE: Changing the amount each lever is pulled—forward
or back, changes the “pivot point” you turn on.
Turning
In-Place
Executing
Turns
Figure 10. Turning Around a Corner
Figure 11. Turning in Place
ADVANCED DRIVING
Executing an End-Of-Row Zero
Turn
Your Zero Turn Rider’s unique ability to turn
in place allows you to turn around at the end
of a cutting row rather than having to stop
and Y-turn before starting a new row.
For example, to execute a right end-of-row
Zero Turn:
1. Slow down at the end of the row.
2. Move the LEFT ground speed control
lever forward slightly while moving the
RIGHT ground speed control lever back
to center and then slightly back from center.
3. Begin mowing forward again.
This technique turns the rider RIGHT and
slightly overlaps the row just cut —eliminating
the need to back up and re-cut missed grass.
As you become more familiar and experienced with operating the Zero Turn rider, you
will learn more maneuvers that will make
your mowing time easier and more enjoyable.
Remember, the more you practice, the
better your control of the Zero Turn will
be!
00
Figure 12. Executing an End-Of-Row Turn
17
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
STORAGE (Diesel model)
WARNING
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Never store the unit, with diesel fuel in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Diesel fumes may
reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as
a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and
cause an explosion.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some fuel, so
never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel
vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor is also
toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in any structure used
for human or animal habitation.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the unit in an area away from where children may
come into contact with it. If there’s any chance of unauthorized use remove the ignition key.
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonable level surface,
chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
• If temperature is expected to drop below 35 degrees,
refer to Long Term Storage, Item 2.
Handle diesel fuel carefully. It is highly flammable
and careless use could result in serious fire
damage to your person or property.
Drain fuel outdoors into an approved container
and away from open flame or sparks.
NOTE: Diesel fuel, if permitted to stand unused for extended periods (30 days or more), may develop gummy
deposits which can adversely affect the fuel pump and
injector tubes and cause engine malfunction. To avoid this
condition, add a diesel fuel stabilizer to the fuel tank and
run the engine a few minutes, or drain all fuel from the unit
before placing it in storage.
Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules
section, then perform the following steps:
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with a
grade of oil that will be required when unit is used
again.
STARTING AFTER
LONG TERM STORAGE
2. Use an Antifreeze tester to check the cooling system’s
level of protection. Read the instructions on the
Antifreeze container for the appropriate ratio of water to
Antifreeze for your geographical area.
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
3. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
a. Remove mower deck from the unit.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of
oil to prevent rusting.
4. Clean external surfaces and engine.
5.
5. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
6.
6. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head, engine
housing and air cleaner element.
7.
8.
7. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic
or other waterproof material to keep out moisture, dirt
and insects.
8. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the
Regular Maintenance section.
Remove any blocks from under the unit.
Install the battery if it was removed.
Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel. See engine manual for
recommendations.
See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions
for preparing engine after storage.
Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if necessary. If any condensation has developed during storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area.
DIESEL FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS
9. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any
areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
Fuel companies provide fuel tailored to meet the existing
weather conditions. These fuels change at the start of the
predominant season according to regional weather trends.
Winter fuels are tailored to give ease of starting for cold
weather. Summer fuel may be somewhat heavier than winter fuel resulting in slightly better fuel economy and power.
Spring and fall fuel is an average blend between winter and
summer blend.
For these reasons an effort should be made to purchase
fuels in such quantities that they are not carried over into
the next season. Using the wrong blend of fuel can cause
problems with the engine.
Refer to the engine manufacturer’s manual for specific fuel
recommendations.
10. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with
water and is fully charged. Battery life will be increased
if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place and fully
charged about once a month. If battery is left in unit,
disconnect the negative cable.
11. Drain fuel system completely or add a diesel fuel stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a fuel
stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system, follow
all safety instructions and storage precautions in this
manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition
of diesel fumes. Remember, diesel fumes can travel to
distant sources of ignition and ignite, causing risk of
explosion and fire.
18
01
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
STORAGE (Gas Model)
WARNING
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Never store the unit, with gasoline in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may
reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as
a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and
cause an explosion.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline, so
never store the unit indoors or in any other area where fuel
vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor is also
toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in any structure used
for human or animal habitation.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the unit in an area away from where children may
come into contact with it. If there’s any chance of unauthorized use, remove the spark plug (s) and put in a
safe place. Be sure the spark plug opening is protected
from foreign objects with a suitable cover.
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonable level surface,
chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
• If temperature is expected to drop below 35 degrees,
refer to Long Term Storage, Item 2.
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable
and careless use could result in serious fire
damage to your person or property.
Drain fuel outdoors into an approved container
and away from open flame or sparks.
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for extended
periods (30 days or more), may develop gummy deposits
which can adversely affect the engine carburetor and cause
engine malfunction. To avoid this condition, add a gasoline
stabilizer to the fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes,
or drain all fuel from the unit before placing it in storage.
Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety Rules
section, then perform the following steps:
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with a
grade of oil that will be required when unit is used
again.
STARTING AFTER
LONG TERM STORAGE
2. Use an Antifreeze tester to check the cooling system’s
level of protection. Read the instructions on the
Antifreeze container for the appropriate ratio of water to
Antifreeze for your geographical area.
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
1.
2.
3.
4.
3. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
a. Remove mower deck from the unit.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
5.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat of
oil to prevent rusting.
6.
4. Clean external surfaces and engine.
5. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
7.
8.
6. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling fins,
engine housing and air cleaner element.
7. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic
or other waterproof material to keep out moisture, dirt
and insects.
8. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the
Regular Maintenance section.
9. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to any
areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
10. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with
water and is fully charged. Battery life will be increased
if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place and fully
charged about once a month. If battery is left in unit,
disconnect the negative cable.
11. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a fuel
stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system, follow
all safety instructions and storage precautions in this
manual to prevent the possibility of fire from the ignition
of gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and ignite, causing risk
of explosion and fire.
01
19
Remove any blocks from under the unit.
Install the battery if it was removed.
Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine manual for recommendations.
See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions
for preparing engine after storage.
Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if necessary. If any condensation has developed during storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
Inflate tires to proper pressure.
Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area
Regular
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your rider and mower. You will need to keep a record
of your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by observing the hour meter.
See
Page
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Before
Every
Every
Every
First Use Each Use 25 Hours 50 Hours 100 Hours
Spring
& Fall
Check Safety Interlock System
10
●
●
Check Rider Brakes
32
●
●
See
Page
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Before
Every
Every
Every
First Use Each Use 25 Hours 50 Hours 100 Hours
●
●
●
●
Check Rider/Mower for loose hardware
—
Check Engine Oil Level
23*
Check Engine Air Filter
23*
Change Engine Oil & Filter **
23*
Lubricate Rider & Mower
26
Check Tire Pressure
20
●
***●
Check Hydraulic Fluid
22
●
***●
Check Fuel Filter/Drain Water Separator
21*
Clean Battery & Cables
26
●
Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades
27
●
●
●
●
***●
***●
***●
***●
●
●
●
Check Coolant Level
24, 25*
Change Coolant
24, 25*
Check & Clean Radiator Screens
24, 25
●
●
Check Warning Lights & Alarm
25
●
●
Check Gearbox Oil Level ****
39
*
**
***
****
Spring
& Fall
●
●
●
●
See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
Change gearbox oil after first 100 hrs. and every 500 hrs. thereafter (see Gearbox Maintenance).
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
Tire Pressure should be checked periodically, and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note that these
pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation”
stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures
shown provide proper traction, improve cut quality, and
extend tire life.
Tire
Pressure
Front
25 psi (172 kPa)
Rear
18 psi (124 kPa)
Figure 13. Checking Tire Pressure
20
01
Regular Maintenance
DIESEL MODEL
A
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
To add fuel:
1. Remove the fuel cap.
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the fill tube. This will
leave room in the tank for fuel expansion. Refer to
your engine manual for specific fuel recommendations.
B
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
4. Repeat same process for opposite tank.
Figure 14. Fuel Tank Fill
NOTE: The fuel tanks are tied together through a “tee”
in the supply lines. By filling only one tank, the level will
balance between the two tanks, effectively having 1/2
tank of fuel for each side.
A.
B.
Fuel Tank Cap
Fuel Filter
FUEL FILTER
This unit is equipped with two fuel filters. One is a water
separator/filter mounted to the radiator shroud and the
other is located on the engine. The water separator
should be drained every 50 hours or whenever water is
visible in the bowl. Replace the fuel filters every 500
hours of operation or as required.
To drain the fuel filter:
1. Turn the engine off, set the parking brake, remove
the ignition key, and wait for all moving parts to stop.
A
2. Allow the engine and surrounding areas to cool to
room temperature.
B
Figure 15. Drain Fuel Filter
3. Place a container under the fuel filter tube and turn
the drain valve (B, Figure 15) approximately 1 turn.
A.
B.
Fuel Filter Bowl
Drain Valve
4. Allow the filter to drain until all water and debris have
drained out.
Do not use Kerosene in place of diesel fuel.
Kerosene will damage the engine.
5. Turn the drain valve to close it when finished draining.
6. Prime the fuel system to remove any air from the filter and fuel lines. See Priming the Fuel System on
page 11 for complete instructions.
Consult the engine manufacturer’s manual
for specific fuel recommendations.
WARNING
WARNING
Fuel leaked or spilled onto hot surfaces or
electrical components can cause a fire. To help
prevent possible injury, turn the ignition switch
off when changing fuel filters or water separator
elements. Clean up fuel spills immediately.
Diesel fuel is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Do not drain or replace fuel filter when engine is
hot, as spilled fuel may ignite. Make sure the filter
drain valve is fully closed before returning the
unit to service.
01
The water separator is under suction during
normal engine operation. Ensure the drain
valve is tightened securely to help prevent air
from entering the fuel system.
21
Regular Maintenance
GAS MODEL
WARNING
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
To add fuel:
1. Remove the fuel cap (see A, Figure 2).
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the filler neck. This will
allow for fuel expansion.
NOTE: Do not overfill. Refer to your engine manual for
specific fuel recommendations.
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
4. Repeat same process for opposite tank.
NOTE: The fuel supply to the engine is regulated by the
tank selector valve. Therefore, the fuel gauge will only
register the fuel level in the left-hand tank. It is strongly
recommended that the right-hand tank is used first so
when the tank is empty, switching over to the left-hand
tank will inform the operator of the remaining fuel available.
Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL,
gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol,
gasoline additives, premium gasoline, or white
gas because engine/fuel system damage
could result.
FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter is located in the fuel line between fuel shut
off valve and fuel pump, behind the hydraulic reservoir.
If filter is dirty or clogged, replace as follows:
1. Shut off the fuel tank selection valve.
2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
3. Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.
4. Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter.
5. Remove hoses from filter.
6. Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
7. Secure with hose clamps.
8. Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished.
22
01
Regular Maintenance
OIL & FILTER CHANGE
C
Refer to Figure 16 for oil filter, dipstick and filler neck
locations.
To drain the oil:
1. Place a drain pan below the engine oil pan.
2. Remove the oil drain plug and allow the engine oil to
completely drain.
3. Remove and replace the oil filter
B
4. Reinstall the oil drain plug.
5. Refill the engine oil. See the engine owners manual
for oil recommendations.
A
Figure 16. Change Oil & Filter
A.
B.
C.
Oil Filter
Crankcase Dip Stick
Oil Fill Cap
CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER
Refer to the engine owners manual for specific air filter
service procedures. Refer to Figure 17 for air filter and
service indicator locations.
NOTE: Service indicator is present on the diesel model
only.
Figure 17. Air Filter & Service Indicator
CHECK HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL
B
NOTE: Do not open the hydraulic oil reservoir unless oil
is being added.
A
1. Visually check that the hydraulic oil level is filled to
the recess area (A, Figure 18) of the hydraulic oil
reservoir.
3. If necessary, remove the reservoir cap (B, Figure 18)
and add either Mobil 1™, 15W-50 synthetic oil or
Castrol Syntec™ 5W-50 oil. DO NOT use conventional oils. Make sure area around the filler neck is
free of dust, dirt, or other debris.
Figure 18. Hydraulic Oil Reservoir
A.
B.
01
23
Tank Recess (“FULL” level)
Cap
Regular Maintenance
CHECK ANTIFREEZE LEVEL
WARNING
(Diesel Model)
PRESSURIZED SYSTEM
The engine coolant level and quality should be checked
before each use, when the engine is cool and off.
1. Remove the radiator pressure cap (A, Figure 19) to
check the fluid level.
Hot coolant can cause serious burns. To open the
cooling system filler cap, stop the engine and wait
until the cooling system components are cool.
Loosen the cooling system pressure cap slowly
in order the relieve the pressure.
2. Coolant level should be 1/2” (13mm) below the bottom of the filler tube. If coolant level is low, add
coolant until level is 1/2” (13mm) below the bottom of
the filler tube. Proper coolant mix is a 50/50 mixture
of ethylene glycol and distilled water. See engine
owners manual for antifreeze specifications.
A
B
3. Check the coolant level in the radiator overflow bottle
(Figure 20). If coolant level is low, add coolant until
level is at the “FULL” line. Proper coolant mix is a
50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol and distilled water.
See engine owners manual for antifreeze specifications.
C
D
CHANGE ANTIFREEZE
(Diesel Model)
E
See engine owners manual for specific antifreeze procedures. The antifreeze drain valve is located at the base
of the right-hand side of the radiator.
CLEAN RADIATOR, SCREEN & OIL
COOLER
(Diesel Model)
Clean the radiator, screen and oil cooler fins before each
use, or as required (depending on conditions) to allow
proper air-flow through radiator and hydraulic oil cooler.
1. Raise the seat plate.
Figure 19. Radiator & Oil Cooler
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2. Remove the wing bolt (E) from the oil cooler mount
and pivot the oil cooler (D) forward to access the
radiator screen.
Radiator Pressure Cap
Radiator Screen
Screen Keeper Handle (LH side hidden)
Hydraulic Oil Cooler
Wing Bolt
3. Lift the screen keeper handles (C) up and pull forward. Remove the radiator screen and flush with
water or blow clean with air. Flush the radiator core
with water or blow clean with air. See engine owners
manual for proper radiator cleaning procedures.
4. Clean all dirt, grass, and debris from the oil cooler
fins.
5. Reinstall the radiator screen. Push the screen keeper handles back and down to retain the screen.
6. Pivot the oil cooler back and reinstall the wing bolt.
Figure 20. Radiator Overflow Bottle
24
01
Regular Maintenance
CHECK ANTIFREEZE LEVEL
(Gas Model)
The engine coolant level and quality should be checked
before each use, when the engine is cool and off.
1. Check the coolant in the overflow reservoir
(A, Figure 21). Coolant should be between the
“FULL” and “LOW” marks on the tank.
B
A
2. If coolant level is below the “LOW” on the overflow
reservoir, add coolant by shutting off the engine,
allowing the engine to cool, removing the reservoir
cap (B, Figure 21) and adding coolant. Refer to
Antifreeze container for proper mix ratio of Antifreeze
and distilled water.
CHANGE ANTIFREEZE
Figure 21. Engine Coolant and Overflow
A.
B.
(Gas Model)
Coolant Overflow Reservoir
Reservoir Cap
See engine owners manual for specific antifreeze procedures. The antifreeze drain valve is located at the base
of the right-hand side of the radiator.
CLEAN RADIATOR & SCREENS
(Gas Model)
Clean the radiator screens before each use to allow
proper air-flow through radiator and engine compartment.
1. Open the hood
2. Slide both radiator screens (A, Figure 22) up and out
of the mounting tracks.
3. Remove the radiator screens and flush with water or
blow clean with air. Flush the radiator core with
water or blow clean with air. See engine owners
manual for proper radiator cleaning procedures.
A
4. Reinstall the screens.
Figure 22. Radiator Screens
A.
CHECK WARNING LIGHTS AND
ALARM
(Both Models)
1. Turn the ignition key to the ON position, but DO NOT
start the engine.
2. View the warning light gauge. The red lights containing each symbol for water temperature and oil pressure should be illuminated and the warning buzzer
should also be on.
Once the engine is running, the buzzer and the warning
lights should turn off. During operation, if the buzzer or
warning lights come on, this indicates either high coolant
temperature or low oil pressure.
If the lights are not visible, or the buzzer can not be
heard, please contact your Ferris dealer.
00
25
Radiator Screens
Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION
Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in FIgure 23
through 29 as well as the following lubrication points.
Grease:
•
•
•
•
•
•
front caster wheel axles
rear suspension a-arms
rear deck mounts
deck lift pivots
deck lift foot pedal
blade spindles
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts
to apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings
are not installed.
Not all greases are compatible. Ferris Red Grease
(P/N 22285) is recommended, automotive-type hightemperature, lithium grease may be used when this is
not available.
Figure 23. Deck Lift Pedal & Pivots
Oil:
• control handle pivots
• floor plate hinge
• discharge chute hinge
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled
where contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and
grease off belts and pulleys. Remember to wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
Figure 24. Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
Figure 25. Deck Lubrication
26
03
Regular Maintenance
Figure 27. Gearbox Drive Idler Pivot
Figure 26. Control Handle Pivots & Seat Pivots
RE-PACK
BEARINGS
ANUALLY
Figure 29. Rear Suspension Lubrication
Figure 28. Front Caster & Wheel
(Both upper & lower a-arms)
03
27
Regular Maintenance
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
C
B
(Note: The tractor uses a standard BCI58 battery)
Checking the Battery Fluid
1. Raise the seat plate to access battery..
2. Remove the battery filler cap (A). Fluid must be
even with the split ring full mark. If not, add distilled
water.
3. Reinstall the filler cap.
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (C).
A
2. Remove the battery and clean the compartment with
a solution of baking soda and water.
Figure 30. Battery Compartment
A.
B.
C.
3. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush until shiny.
4. Reinstall the battery and reattach the battery cables,
positive cable first (B).
Vent Cap(s)
Positive (+) Cable & Terminal
Negative (-) Cable & Terminal
WARNING
5. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks away
from the battery.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and
reconnect it LAST. If not done in this order, the
positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a
tool.
28
00
Regular Maintenance
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
1. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following
steps.
2. To remove blade for sharpening, use a wood block to
hold blade while using two 15/16” wrenches to
removing the blade mounting bolt and nut (Figure
31).
3. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove all
nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is severely
damaged, it should be replaced.
LOOSEN
4. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 32. Center the
blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
Figure 31. Removing the Blade
5. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in Figure 33. The five (5) blade spacers, blade, washer and bolt must be reinstalled in the
exact same order in which they were removed.
Secure with a bolt and hex nut. Use a wooden block
to prevent blade rotation and torque bolts to 70 ft.lbs.
(94 N.m.).
Nail
WARNING
Mower blades are sharp. For your personal
safety, do not handle mower blades with bare
hands. Careless or improper handling of blades
may result in serious injury.For your personal
safety, blade mounting bolts must each be
installed with a flat washer then securely
tightened. Torque blade mounting bolts to
70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.)
Figure 32. Balancing The Blade
B
A
TIGHTEN
Figure 33. Installing The Blade
A.
B.
00
29
4x4 Wood Block
Flat Washer
C. Blade Bolt
Troubleshooting
Adjustments & Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will extend
the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use
may eventually require that service be performed to
allow it to continue operating properly.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common
problems, their causes and remedies.
Always remove the ignition key to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself. If you prefer, all of
these procedures can be performed for you by your local
authorized dealer.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE RIDER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine will not turnover or start.
1.
2.
1. Engage parking brake.
2. Place in OFF position.
(Gas model)
3.
Parking brake not engaged.
PTO (electric clutch) switch
in ON position.
Out of fuel.
(Diesel model)
4.
Out of fuel.
5.
Motion Control Handles not
locked in neutral position.
Operator not in seat.
Glow plugs not pre-heated.
Fuse blown.
Engine flooded.
Battery terminals require
cleaning.
Battery discharged or dead.
Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled
or incorrectly gapped.
Wiring loose or broken.
(Diesel model)
(Gas model)
(Gas model)
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14. Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
(Diesel model)
(Gas model)
Engine knocks.
Excessive oil consumption.
Engine exhaust is black.
(Diesel model)
(Gas model)
15. Safety interlock switch
faulty.
16. Water in fuel.
17. Fuel is old or stale.
1. Fuel mixture too rich.
2. Air in fuel system.
3. Spark plug faulty, fouled, or
incorrectly gapped.
1. Low oil level.
2. Using wrong grade oil.
1. Engine running too hot.
2. Using wrong weight oil.
3. Too much oil in crankcase.
1. Dirty air filter.
2. Air in fuel system
3. Engine choke control
is in closed position.
30
3. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tanks.
3. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tanks. Prime the fuel system.
4. Lock handles in neutral position.
5. Assume operator’s position in seat.
6. Pre-heat glow plugs.
7. Replace fuse.
4. Move throttle control out of CHOKE position.
8. Clean the battery terminals
9. Recharge or replace.
11. Clean and gap or replace.
See engine manual.
10. Visually check wiring & replace broken or
frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
11. Repair or replace. See authorized
service dealer
12. Replace as needed. See authorized
service dealer.
13. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
14. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
1. Clean air filter.
2. Prime the fuel system.
2. Clean and gap or replace.
(See engine manual.)
1. Check/add oil as required.
2. See engine manual.
1. Clean radiator screens and air cleaner.
2. See engine manual.
3. Drain excess oil.
1. Replace air filter. See engine manual.
2. Prime the fuel system.
2. Open choke control.
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Rider Troubleshooting Continued.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine runs, but rider will
not drive.
1.
1. Turn dump valve(s) clockwise to close.
Torque to 80-120 in.lbs. (9-13.5 N.m.)
2. See Drive Belt Replacement.
3. See problem and cause below.
4. See authorized service dealer
1. Clean as required.
2. Replace belt.
1. See Brake Adjustment.
2. Replace with new brake pads.
1. Check and tighten any loose connections.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
Hydraulic pump drive belt slips.
Brake will not hold.
Rider steers or handles poorly.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Hydraulic dump valve(s)
in “open” position.
Belt is broken.
Drive belt slips.
Brake is not fully released.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Belt stretched or worn.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
Brake caliper pads worn.
Steering linkage is loose.
Improper tire inflation.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Mower will not raise.
1.
1. See authorized service dealer for repair.
Mower cut is uneven.
1.
2.
Mower cut is rough looking.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine stalls easily with
mower engaged.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Excessive mower vibration.
1.
2.
3.
Excessive belt wear or breakage.
Mower drive belt slips or fails to
drive.
4.
1.
2.
1.
2.
00
Lift linkage not properly attached
or damaged.
Mower not leveled properly.
Rider tires not inflated
equally or properly.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Blades are dull.
Mower drive belt slipping
because it is oily or worn.
Blades not properly fastened
to spindles.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Cutting height set too low.
Discharge chute jamming
with cut grass.
Blade mounting bolts
are loose.
Mower blades, spindles,
or pulleys are bent.
Mower blades are out
of balance.
Belt installed incorrectly.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Using incorrect belt.
Idler pulley spring broken or not
properly attached.
Mower drive belt broken.
31
1. See Mower Adjustment.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Set throttle to full.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Sharpen or replace blades.
See Mower Blade Service.
4. Clean or replace belt as necessary.
5. See Servicing the Mower Blades.
1. Set to full throttle.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting
height during first pass.
4. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward
previously cut area.
1. Tighten to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.).
2. Check and replace as necessary.
3. Remove, sharpen, and balance blades.
See Maintenance Section.
4. Reinstall Correctly.
1. Repair or replace.
2. Replace with correct belt.
1. Repair or replace as needed.
2. Replace drive belt.
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
Seat
Adjustment
Lever
See Figure 34. The seat can be adjusted fore and aft.
Move the lever forward, position the seat as desired, and
release the lever to lock the seat into position.
GROUND SPEED CONTROL LEVER
ADJUSTMENT
The control levers can be adjusted in three ways. The
alignment of the control levers, the placement of the
levers (how close the ends are to one another) and the
height of the levers can be adjusted.
Figure 34. Seat Adjustment
Handle Alignment
Loosen the mount hardware (A, Figure 35) and pivot the
lever(s) (C, Figure 35) fore or aft to align with each
other.
C
Handle Placement
B
Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the placement bolt (B,
Figure 35) in or out to properly adjust the lever end
spacing.
A
Handle Height
Remove the mounting hardware (A, Figure 35) and
reposition the handle either up or down from its original
position. You will need to readjust the handle alignment
as described above.
Figure 35. Control Lever Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
SPEED BALANCING ADJUSTMENT
Alignment Hardware
Placement Hardware
Ground Speed Control Lever
If the rider veers to the right or left when the ground
speed control levers are in the maximum forward position, the top speed of each of these levers can be balanced by turning the adjustment bolt(s) (A, Figure 36).
Only adjust the speed of the wheel that is traveling
faster.
To Reduce the Speed of the Faster Wheel
1. Loosen the securing nut.
B
2. turn the top speed adjustment bolt CLOCKWISE to
reduce the speed.
A
3. Retighten the securing nut when adjustment is complete.
Figure 36. Top Speed Adjustment
A.
B.
Top Speed Adjustment Screw
Jam Nut
WARNING
DO NOT adjust the tractor for a faster overall
speed forward or reverse than it was designed for.
32
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
If the tractor “creeps” while the ground speed control
levers are locked in NEUTRAL, then it may be necessary to adjust the control linkage.
A
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake and
turn off the engine.
2. Loosen the jam nuts (B, Figure 37) and turn the
adjustment linkage (A, Figure 37) to adjust. If the
machine creeps forward, turn the linkage CLOCKWISE (while standing at the rear of the machine, facing forward), if the machine creeps backward, turn
the linkage COUNTER-CLOCKWISE.
B
B
Figure 37. Neutral Adjustment
(Left-hand side shown)
A. Control Linkage
B. Jam Nuts
3. Lock the jam nuts (B) when neutral is achieved.
NOTE: This adjustment should not be performed while
the machine is running. It may take several attempts to
achieve neutral, depending upon how much the machine
creeps.
A
NEUTRAL POSITION AND RETURN
SPRING ADJUSTMENT
B
To determine if it is necessary to adjust the neutral position, perform the following steps.
C
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake and
turn off the engine.
2. Move the ground speed control levers in the operating position, pull levers rearward and release.
3. Move the ground speed control levers towards the
neutral position. If the levers do not align with the
notches in the neutral lock plate, it is necessary to
adjust the reverse return bolts (A, Figure 38).
D
Figure 38. Neutral Spring Return Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
D.
Reverse Return Bolt
Reverse Return Spring
Spring Position Nut
Jam Nut
Neutral Position Adjustment
Return Spring Adjustment
1. Loosen the jam nut (D, Figure 38) locked against the
clevis.
2. Turn the reverse return bolt (A, Figure 38) clockwise
to adjust handle rearward, counter-clockwise to
adjust handle forward.
4. Pull lever rearward and release to check position
again. Adjust as necessary to align levers with
notches.
5. Once the lever alignment has been adjusted, lock
jam nut against the clevis.
After adjusting the neutral position, lock the levers in the
neutral position and measure the reverse return spring
(B, Figure 38) length. This should be 2-3/8” long. If not,
hold the reverse return bolt (A, Figure 38) with a wrench
while turning the spring position nut (C, Figure 38) until
the measurement is achieved.
00
33
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
FRONT
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, block the front
wheels, remove the ignition key, and engage the
parking brake.
2" - 2-1/8"
(5,0 - 5,4cm)
A
2. Locate the upper brake spring (A, Figure 39).
3. With the parking brake engaged, measure the compressed spring length. The spring should be
2” to 2-1/8” (5,0-5,4cm) when compressed.
4. If the spring is not within this range, jack up the rear
of the machine and secure with jackstands. Remove
both drive tires.
Figure 39. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
5. Locate the lower brake spring (A, Figure 40), adjustment nuts (B, Figure 40) and adjustment link (C,
Figure 40).
Upper Brake Spring
6. Release the parking brake and turn the adjustment
nuts to compress or release the upper spring. Lock
the nuts against the adjustment link (C, Figure 40).
A
CAUTION
B
Do not adjust the spring to be shorter than
2” (5,0cm) when compressed. This may damage
the brake caliper.
If this does not correct the braking problem, see
your dealer.
C
Figure 40. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
34
Lower Brake Spring
Adjustment Nuts
Adjustment Link
01
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
FRONT SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT
INCREASE
The shock assembly can be adjusted to vary the amount
of pre-load applied to the springs. This allows the operator to customize the ride according to operator’s weight
and/or operating conditions.
DECREASE
Less Pre-Load:
• Light operator weight
• Softer, more cushioned ride
• Best for relatively flat terrain
More Pre-Load:
• Heavy operator weight
• Stiffer, more rigid ride
• Better handling and greater stability on hilly terrain
To adjust the spring pre-load:
Figure 41. Front Suspension Adjustment
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
2. See Figure 41. Using the supplied spanner wrench
(p/n 22853), insert the tip of the wrench into the
notch in the pre-load adjuster. While holding the
wrench in place with one hand, turn CLOCKWISE to
increase the pre-load, turn COUNTER-CLOCKWISE
to decrease the pre-load. Make sure both shocks
are set to the same amount of pre-load.
NOTE: Spanner wrench is located under the seat, in
front of the oil reservoir and alarm.
WARNING
Use two hands when adjusting the shock springs.
This will prevent the wrench from slipping while
pressure is being applied.
REAR SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT
If the rider tilts side-to-side, this adjustment will level the
frame with the ground.
Although this adjustment may not be necessary, it may
be required if additional weight (ie. a grass catcher) is
added to the frame or a drive tire is replaced.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
To level the frame, first measure the frame height:
1. The measurement to the top of the rear frame rails,
at the widest point on the frame behind the drive
tires should be 22-3/8” (56,8cm) for each side (see
arrow in Figure 42).
3. Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the square-head
allen screw located above each spring.
4. After adjusting both springs, recheck the measurement and adjust if necessary.
00
Figure 42. Rear Suspension Adjustment
35
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
MOWING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
B
See Deck Leveling Adjustment to ensure that the actual
cutting height is consistent with the cutting height adjustment pin placement.
The cutting height adjustment pin (A, Figure 43) controls
the mower cutting height. The cutting height is
adjustable between 1-1/2” (3,8cm) and 5” (12,7cm) in
1/4” (0,64cm) increments.
Depress the deck lift foot pedal (B, Figure 43), placing
the majority of the force on the top edge of the pedal
until it locks into the “TRANSPORT” position.
C
A
Place the cutting height adjustment pin in the desired
cutting height. Depress the deck lift foot pedal, placing
the majority of the force on the bottom edge of the pedal
to release the pedal from the “TRANSPORT” position.
Figure 43. Mowing Height Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
Deck Lift Foot Pedal
Cutting Height Selection Decal
DECK LEVELING ADJUSTMENT
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
Rear tires must be inflated to 18 psi (124 kPa); front
tires to 25 psi (172 kPa).
2. Lock the deck lift pedal in the TRANSPORT position.
Place the deck height adjustment pin in the 4" position and lower deck the lift pedal until the arm contacts the pin.
3. Place 2 x 4 blocks under each corner of the mower
deck with the 3-1/2” sides being vertical. Place a
1/4” (0,64cm) thick spacer on top of the rear 2 x 4
blocks. See Figure 44.
Figure 44. 2 x 4 Locations
4. See Figure 45. Measure the distance between the
lift pivots and the spring rod pivots. Adjust the 5/8”
hex nuts on either side of the front spring rod pivot
until the measurements are equal.
Adjust Here
d
e
ur
2n
s
a
Me
e
ur
t
1s
as
Me
Figure 45. Spring Rod Adjustment
36
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
5. See Figure 46. Measure the distance between the
rear lift pivots and the suspension-mounted lift pivots.
Add or remove 5/8” SAE washers from in between
the deck lift rod and the lift link until measurements
are equal.
Add / Remove
5/8" SAE Washers
nd
e2
r
su
a
Me
e
ur
t
1s
as
Me
Figure 46. Lift Rod Adjustment
6. Adjust the front eyebolts until the chains are tight and
the deck is still resting on the 2 x 4’s. Tighten jam
nuts. See Figure 47.
7. Loosen the nuts and allow the rear of the deck to
rest on the 2 x 4’s and 1/4” spacers. Slide the chains
down in the slots until the chains are tight and tighten the nuts. See Figure 47.
8. Remove all 2 x 4 blocks and spacers from under the
mower deck.
9. With the deck height adjustments complete and cutting height still set at 4", adjust the deck lift spring to
a compressed length of 12" (30,5cm). Be sure to
measure the spring only. Adjust the length of the
deck lift spring by tightening or loosening the (2) 5/8”
hex nuts that are closest to the spacer at the front
end of the spring (see Figure 47). After adjustment
is made, tighten these two nuts together. Perform
this step to both springs.
00
"
12 m
5c
,
30
Adjust Here
Adjust Here
Adjust Here
Figure 47. Deck Level & Spring Length Adjustment
37
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT
To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT
PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
A
B
Mower Drive Belt Removal & Replacement
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
2. See Figure 48. Remove the hairpin clip and clevis
pin and remove the deck lift foot pedal. Lift the floor
plate to gain access to the PTO drive belt.
Figure 48. Remove Lift Pedal
A.
B.
3. Remove the mower deck guards.
Clevis Pin
Deck Lift Lock Bar
4. Loosen the spring compression nut (B, Figure 49) to
release the belt tension.
5. Slide the drive belt over the edge of the springloaded idler pulley and remove belt from all pulley
grooves.
B
6. Remove the old belt and replace with a new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the pulley
grooves (Figure 50).
A
7. Install the drive belt on the gearbox pulley, the spindle pulleys and idler pulleys. Tighten the spring compression nut (B, Figure 49) until the belt tension
spring (A, Figure 49) is compressed to 1-5/8”
(4,12cm) long.
Figure 49. Mower PTO Belt
A.
B.
Belt Tension Spring
Spring Compression Nut
8. Lower the floor pan and reinstall the deck lift foot
pedal, clevis pin and hairpin clip. Make sure the
deck lift lock bar is located as shown in Figure 48.
D
B
C
9. Reinstall the mower deck guards and secure with the
5/16” hardware previously removed.
10. Run the mower under no-load condition for approximately 5 minutes to break in the belt.
A
A
D
D
A
Figure 50. Mower PTO Belt Routing
A.
B.
38
Spindle Pulley
PTO Drive Belt
C. Spring-loaded Idler Pulley
D. Stationary Idler Pulley
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Clutch Belt Removal
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
B
A
D
2. Remove the rear skid plate by removing the bolts
that fasten the skid plate to the bumper and slide the
plate forward until it drops from the mounts.
C
3. Remove the rear belt shield and rear hood support.
4. Remove the bumper.
5. Remove the nylon lock nut (A, Figure 51) to release
the belt tension and unhook the clutch belt idler
spring (C) from the screw hook (B). Set the screw
hook aside.
6. Remove the 5/16” bolt, washer and nut (D) that fasten the rubber pad to the clutch and unscrew the
wire ends that connect the clutch to the electrical
harness.
F
F
Figure 51. Clutch Belt Removal & Replacement
7. Pulling the belts over the bottom edge of the gearbox
drive pulley (E), remove the clutch belts from the
clutch pulley grooves and pull around the idler pulley.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
Clutch Belt Replacement & Adjustment
3/8” Nylon Lock Nut
Screw Hook
Clutch Belt Idler Spring
Clutch Anchor Hardware
Gearbox Drive Pulley
Gearbox
1. Install the clutch belts over the top of the clutch, into
the grooves of the crankshaft pulley and around the
idler pulley.
2. Push the belts over the edge of the gearbox drive
pulley and into the grooves of the pulley.
3. Hook the clutch belt idler spring on the screw hook
and reinstall the screw hook into the anchor. Adjust
the screw hook until the spring measures
4-3/4” (12,1cm) to the outside of the loops on the
spring (see Figure 52).
4-3/4"
4. Reinstall the clutch anchor pad to the clutch with the
hardware (D) previously removed. Make sure the
hardware is in the same order as is was before being
removed.
5. Reinstall the bumper, rear hood support, rear belt
shield and skid plate.
00
Figure 52. Idler Spring Measurement
39
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Pump Drive Belt Removal
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
A
2. Remove the clutch belts (see CLUTCH BELT
REMOVAL for instructions).
3. Using a 1/2” breaker bar, place the square end in the
square hole located in the middle of the idler arm (A,
Figures 53). Carefully rotate the breaker bar
counter-clockwise, which will relieve the tension on
the belts exerted from the idler arm.
WARNING
Figure 53. Pump Belt Removal & Replacement
Use extreme caution when rotating the idler arm
with the breaker bar, due to the increased tension
in the spring as the idler arm is being rotated.
Injury may result if the breaker bar is prematurely
released while the spring is under tension.
A.
Pump Drive Idler Arm
4. Remove the belts from the right-hand and left-hand
pump drive pulley grooves.
5. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar until
the idler arm stops against the left-hand pump drive
pulley.
6. Remove the belts from the crankshaft pulley grooves
and pull over the top of the clutch.
Pump Drive Belt Replacement
1. Place the belts over the clutch into the crankshaft
pulley grooves.
2. Carefully rotate the idler arm with the breaker bar
counter-clockwise (see Figure 53) and wrap the belts
around the bottom side of the idler arm pulley and
place the belts in the left-hand pump pulley grooves.
4. While holding the breaker bar firmly, place the belts
in the right-hand pump pulley grooves.
5. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar.
6. Inspect the belt path making sure that all belts are
properly seated in the pulley grooves.
7. Reinstall the clutch belts (see CLUTCH BELT
REPLACEMENT & ADJUSTMENT for instructions).
40
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
GEARBOX MAINTENANCE
Check Gearbox Oil Level
Top
1. Remove fill plug (A, Figure 54) on gearbox.
A
2. Once plug is removed, oil should seep out of fill plug
hole. If no oil drains out, fill with SAE 80-90 weight
gear oil until oil starts to seep from hole, then
replace fill plug.
Changing Gearbox Oil
NOTE: The gearbox lubricant should be changed after
the first 100 hrs. or 30 days of operation, then after 500
hours or 12 months.
Front
1. Remove the mower deck drive belt (see MOWER
DRIVE BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT for
instructions).
B
Figure 54. Gearbox Oil Level
2. Rotate the the mower deck drive pulley on the gearbox so the drain plug is aligned with the opening
between the pulley spokes.
A.
B.
3. Place a container under the gearbox drain hole and
remove the drain plug (B).
4. Replace drain plug and fill with SAE 80-90 weight
gear oil until oil starts to seep from hole, then
replace fill plug.
5. Using a parts solvent, thoroughly clean any excess
oil from the pulley faces and groove.
6. Reinstall the mower deck drive belt (see MOWER
DRIVE BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT for
instructions).
00
41
Fill Plug
Drain Plug
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
BATTERY SERVICE
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (until the specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher and
the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
WARNING
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
Checking Battery Voltage
JUMP STARTING WITH AUXILIARY
(BOOSTER) BATTERY
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to Figure 55.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. For example, it may mean that the alternator is not charging the
battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of
the problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the
battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
CHARGING A COMPLETELY
DISCHARGED BATTERY
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add distilled water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to
the proper level near the end of the charge). If the
battery is extremely cold, allow it to warm before
adding water because the water level will rise as it
warms. Also, an extremely cold battery will not
accept a normal charge until it becomes warm.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled
vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds
125° F (51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of
electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced
or temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle
speed. Remove the cable connection at the engine
or frame. Then remove the other end of the same
cable from the booster battery.
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
42
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 55. Jump Starting
WARNING
WARNING
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in:
(1) personal injury caused by electrolyte
squirting out the battery vents,
(2) personal injury or property damage due to
battery explosion,
(3) damage to the charging system of the
booster vehicle or of the immobilized
vehicle.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture or
explode. If a frozen battery is suspected, examine
all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be seen or if
the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do not
attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the
battery remains frozen.
00
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open flame
or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
When removing or installing battery cables, disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
43
Common Replacement Parts
COMMON REPLACEMENT PARTS
Listed below are parts numbers for the more common
replacement parts. Use only genuine Ferris replacement parts to assure optimum performance and safety.
72” Deck Belt (Gearbox to Spindle) .....................22439
72” Deck Blades (Set of 3) ................................22476S
Gearbox Drive Belt (PTO to Gearbox) ................22575
Pump Drive Belt...................................................22314
Deck Caster Roller ..............................................22060
Deck Nose Roller.................................................20785
Touch-Up Spray Paint (12 oz can) ......................22585
(Ferris Red)
Ferris Red Grease (14.5 oz. Tube) ......................22285
Spanner Wrench (for front shocks) ......................22853
Hydraulic Oil Filter ..............................................21357
Foam Grip (Motion Control Handles) ...................22068
Foam Grip (Brake Handle) ...................................25510
20A Fuse ..............................................................21603
30A Fuse ..............................................................21771
DIESEL MODEL ONLY
Air Cleaner Element .......................................22883-31
Engine Oil Filter..............................................22883-11
Fuel Filter (200 hr.) .......................................22883-19A
Fuel Filter Assembly (500 hr.) .....................22883-19B
Fuel Filter Element (500 hr.)........................22883-19C
Water Separator Element.................................22926-1
60A Fuse ..............................................................22911
Note: Information listed above is correct at time of printing, and
are subject to changes in availability and specifications without
notice. Part numbers may be superceded by other part numbers.
44
01
Lawn Care
& Mowing Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your
lawn in the best possible condition. A healthy and well
maintained lawn is better able to resist drought, weeds,
and other stresses. But too much maintenance is as
detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Proper care for your
lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass.” To have
a healthy lawn, you need to know:
Types of Grass, Climate and Conditions
How and When to Water, Fertilize & Aerate
How High to Mow the Grass
When and How Often to Mow
What Mowing Patterns to Use
Proper Mowing Methods
How to Solve Common Mowing Problems
TYPES OF GRASS, CLIMATE AND
CONDITIONS
A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household
lawns, but two main groups known as cool-season
grasses (varieties of bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue),
and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda, buffalo
grass, and zoysia varieties) are the most common.
The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates, and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as
warm-season grasses, but conversely, the warm-season
grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these
grasses. (A local nursery or lawn center may help you to
identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a
sample.)
Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to
proper lawn care. Drier climates or conditions will require
additional watering, while wetter climates may require
more frequent mowing.
HOW AND WHEN TO WATER,
FERTILIZE & AERATE
The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow,
soaking rain, applying about 1 inch of water. A method
of verifying the amount that you have watered, is to place
several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in
various spots around the lawn, and check the depth of
water in the can during the watering process.
HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN
Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil, the amount of local
rainfall, and other conditions. Most lawns are watered
too often, but with too little water. However too much
water can allow development of diseases with your lawn.
It is best to water the lawn only when necessary, and
then to water it slowly, evenly, and deeply—imitating
a slow, soaking rain.
WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN
When the lawn begins to wilt, the grass’s color dulls, or
footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds,
the lawn is beginning to dry out, and needs additional
moisture. The best time to water is early morning to allow
the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the
amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun.
TP 600-7000-01-UV-FD
HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN
Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing
nutrients which help create slow, even growth. While
opinions vary on the need for fertilizing, when and how
much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of
the lawn and soil than any routine. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm, and that most fertilizing
should be applied in the spring so that it will release into
the lawn through the summer. For more information,
check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist, and
read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions.
AERATING YOUR LAWN
Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator
to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the
speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper
root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater
movement of water, fertilizer and air.
LC-1
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
HOW HIGH TO
MOW THE GRASS
Cut less than
1/3
Often cutting height is a
matter of personal preference. Typically, you should
mow the grass when it is is
between three and five
inches high. The proper
cutting height range for a
specific lawn will depend
upon several factors,
including the type of grass,
the amount of rainfall, the
prevailing temperature, and
the lawn’s overall condition.
Optimal
cutting point
at less than
1/3 from top
of grass blade
Cutting down to this
area contributes to
thatch problems
Cutting the grass too short
causes weak, thin grass
plants, which are easily
damaged by dry periods
and pests. Cutting too short
is often more damaging
than allowing the grass to be slightly higher.
Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and
dry—reduces heat build-up, preserves needed moisture and
protects the grass from heat damage and other problems.
However, allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf
and additional problems.
1/3
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth
system and weakens the grass plants. A good rule of
thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of
the grass height, and never more than 1 inch at a time.
The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also
effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for
example, broadcasting with side discharge decks can
process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does).
NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for
mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section.
Cut Here On
First Pass
Cut
Here On
Second
Pass
1 inch
Proper Cutting Height
Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the desired
height and mow a second or third time.
Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings. Consider using a grass collection system
and starting a compost pile.
LC-2
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect
the results you’ll get when mowing. For the best results,
follow these guidelines:
l Mow when the grass is between three and five inches
high.
l Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass one
inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer
blades. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and
efficiently, preventing frayed edges which harm the
grass.
l Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry.
Late afternoon or early evening often provide these
ideal mowing conditions.
l Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and
never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does
not mulch well, and clumps beneath the mower
deck).
WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE
Where possible, make one or two passes around the
outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn
to keep the cut grass off fences and walks.
Always start mowing on a smooth, level area.
The size and type of area to be mowed will determine
the best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as
trees, fences and buildings, and conditions such as
slopes and grades must also be considered.
l Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
l Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
l For a truly professional cut, mow across the lawn in
one direction, then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when
mowing.
The remainder of the mowing should be done in the
opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed
OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems. Use an appropriate ground speed for
the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd
gear or slower for manual gear models). If you hear the
engine slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a
slower ground speed.
LC-3
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
MOWING METHODS
Proper Broadcast Mowing
Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf courses use
this method. Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow
freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly
over the lawn.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems.
slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a slower
ground speed.
ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or
slower for manual gear models). If you hear the engine
Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. Do not cut the
grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Do not cut off more
that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING
Proper Mulching
HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH
Mulching consists of a mower
Mulching
Action
deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and
ly results from cutting only the
which then blows them down
top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass
INTO the lawn. These tiny partiblade. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly
products your lawn can use.
(much more quickly than longer
UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). The ideal cutting
TIONS, your mulching mower will virtually eliminate
height will vary with climate, time of year, and quality of
noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
your lawn. We recommend that you experiment with both
the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
the best cut. Start with a high cutting height and using
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height
MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS
ences.
Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is
wet, or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Even more
than normal mowing, mulching requires that the grass be
dry and the the appropriate amount is cut.
Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during the
first two or three mowings in the spring. The long grass
blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are
more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or
grass bagging operation.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground speed
while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would
be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under
similar conditions. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting, using a slower ground speed is
vitally important for proper mulching operation.
LC-4
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
TIPS On Dealing With Clippings
Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically
lead to thatch—this is untrue. Short clippings produced
by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching
methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn
because they:
COMPOSTING
The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your
lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost
pile. A compost pile is a collection of grass, leaves, and
other organic wastes which—when properly tended—
decompose into an odorless, topsoil material. This
material, in turn, acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your
lawn and garden.
How to start a healthy compost pile:
1 Build a bin using bricks, fencing, cement blocks, etc. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store. The bin
should also have venting on each side and from the bottom
to the top.
2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. Follow this
recipe:
First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse
material.
Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves, grass clippings,
sawdust, etc. Materials should be "sponge damp."
Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help
break down organic matter.
Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen
needed by micro-organisms.
Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. Top off with
a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch
rain water.
3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of
140-160 degrees. At this time you'll notice it settling, a
good sign your compost is working properly.
4 After 5-6 weeks, fork materials into a new pile, turning the
outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. Add
water if necessary. The compost should be ready to use
within three to four months when dark brown, crumbly, and
earthy-smelling.
LC-5
•
•
•
•
Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
Moderate soil temperature.
Clippings act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut
grass blades are 85% water, and are a rich source
of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. And
one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb.
of usable organic nitrogen.
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS
Streaking
Streaking
Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left
behind the mower. Streaking is usually caused by
operator error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Not overlapping cutting rows enough
Not overlapping enough when turning
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
Overlap your cutting rows
When turning your effective cutting width
decreases–overlap more when turning
Stepped Cutting
Stepped Cutting
Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in
the lawn surface. Stepped cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment, or damage to
mower blades.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tires are not properly inflated
Blades are damaged
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Check and inflate the tires
Replace the blades
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
LC-6
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
Uneven Cutting
Uneven Cutting
Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the
lawn surface. Uneven cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Blades are dull or worn
Blades are damaged
Deck is clogged with grass clippings
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Sharpen or replace the blades
Replace the blades
Clean out the deck
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
Scalping
Scalping
Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits
the ground. Scalping can be caused by the mower deck
misadjustment, unevenness in the lawn, or by mower
deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Lawn is uneven or bumpy
Mower deck cutting height is set too low
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tire pressure is low or uneven
Roll or level the lawn
Raise the cutting height
Slow down
Correctly level the deck
Check and inflate the tires
Stingers
Stingers
Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind
the mower. Stingers are usually caused by operator
error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp or are nicked
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
LC-7
Common International Symbols
PTO Clutch
Choke
Fast (Throttle)
Parking Brake
Slow (Throttle)
Brake
Throttle
Mower Cutting
Height Adjustment
Fuel
Headlights
Technical Manuals
Additional Technical Literature Available
Operators Manuals
Additional copies of this manual are available, (and as part
of our product support commitment, we maintain a stock of
printed operators manuals going back many years!)
Parts Manuals
Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available —
these manuals show all of the product’s components in
exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of
the parts and how they go together), as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. Important assembly notes and
special torque values are included in these manuals.
For the applicable manuals currently available for
your model, contact your local dealer. Have the
information listed in the box at the right available
when making your request.
Model:
Serial No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
Visa/Mastercard No.:
Card Expiration Date:
LC-8
Notes
LC-9
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