Operator`s manual | Dixon 2700 Lawn Mower User Manual

Model 2700
ZTR®
Model Y
ear 200
4
Year
2004
IMPORTANT - READ CAREFULLY
The Dixon ® ZTR® Mower is both easy and fun to
operate. However, any power mower must be operated properly to be safe. It is not a toy or a recreational vehicle. Before you start to use the mower,
read the operator’s manual carefully and become
completely familiar with the controls.
The information contained in this manual applies to
all Dixon® ZTR® Model 2700 Commercial Mowers.
Your Dixon dealer will gladly answer any questions.
See your dealer for warranty service, parts and
repairs.
INDEX
Page
Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Warranty Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15-18
Operation Instructions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-26
Care & Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27-38
Standard Service Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Troubleshooting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40-41
Model 2700
Part No. 12828-0603
3
SAFETY
RIDING LAWN MOWERS,
IF IMPROPERLY OPERATED,
CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
The most common causes of injury to the operator or bystander...
BLADE CONTACT
TIP OVER
RUN OVER
BACK OVER
...read and understand this manual to prevent injuries.
4
SAFETY
Safety Alert Symbol
When you see this symbol,
BE ALERT to the potential for injury.
Follow recommended safety precautions
and safe operating practices.
DANGER
(highlighted in red)
indicates an imminently hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
(highlighted in orange)
indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
CAUTION
(highlighted in yellow)
indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury. It may also be used
to alert against unsafe practices.
5
SAFETY
Failure to observe the following safety
instructions could result in serious injury or death.
GENERAL OPERATION:
•Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual
and on the mower before starting.
•Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the mower.
•Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blade.
•Be sure the area is clear of other people before
mowing. Stop mower if anyone enters the area.
•NEVER carry passengers.
•Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while
backing.
•Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone.
•Do not operate the mower without either the entire
grass catcher or the deflector in place.
•Slow down before turning.
•Never leave a running mower unattended. Always
turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine and
remove key before dismounting.
6
SAFETY
GENERAL OPERATION (continued):
•Turn off blades when not mowing.
•Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging
chute.
•Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.
•Do not operate the mower while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
•Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
•Use extra care when loading or unloading the mower
into a trailer or truck. Do not ride the mower when
loading and unloading.
•Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields when operating mower.
•Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above,
are involved in a large percentage of riding mowerrelated injuries. These operators should evaluate their
ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to
protect themselves and others from serious injury.
•Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for wheel
weights and counterweights.
•Maintain or replace safety & instruction labels as needed.
The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the
WARNING: State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
7
SAFETY
SLOPE OPERATION:
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.
All slopes require extra caution.
If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy
on it, do not mow it !
DO
•Mow across the slope with your Dixon ZTR - never up or
down.
•Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
•Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could
overturn the mower. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
•Use slow speed. Tires may lose traction on slopes even
though the brakes are functioning properly.
•Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments.
These can change the stability of the mower.
•Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do
not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
8
SAFETY
SLOPE OPERATION (continued):
DO (continued)
•Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose
traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly
down the slope.
•If front wheels lift off the ground, pull the levers
back to stabilize the mower.
DO NOT
•Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn
slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
•Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
•Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding.
•Do not try to stabilize the mower by putting your foot
on the ground.
•Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
9
SAFETY
CHILDREN:
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is
not alert to the presence of children.
Children are attracted to lawn mowers and the
mowing activity.
NEVER assume children will stay where they
were last seen.
Be alert to avoid accidents.
•Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
•Be alert and turn mower off if a child enters the
area.
•Before and during backing, look BEHIND and
DOWN for small children.
•Never carry children. They may fall off and be
seriously injured or interfere with the safe operation
of the mower.
•Never allow children to operate the mower.
•Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
10
SAFETY
SERVICE:
•Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. They are
flammable and vapors are explosive.
Use only an approved container.
Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with engine running.
Allow engine to cool before refueling.
Do not smoke while refueling.
Never refuel the mower indoors.
Never store the mower or fuel container inside a building
where there is an open flame.
If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing immediately.
To prevent fire and explosion caused by static electricity:
Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or
trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place containers
on the ground away from your vehicle before filling.
When practical, remove fuel-powered equipment from
the truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is
not possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer
with a portable container, rather than from a fuel
dispenser nozzle.
If a fuel dispenser nozzle must be used, keep the
nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or
container opening at all times until fueling is complete.
Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
11
SAFETY
SERVICE (continued):
•Never run a mower inside a closed area. The exhaust fumes
are toxic.
•Keep nuts and bolts tight, especially blade attachment
bolts, and keep equipment in good condition.
•Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
•Keep mower free of grass, leaves, or other debris buildup.
Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow mower to cool before
storing.
•Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object.
Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
•Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running unless otherwise specified.
•Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage
and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow
objects to be thrown. Frequently check components and
replace with original equipment parts, when necessary.
•Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
•Batteries contain sulfuric acid. To prevent burns avoid
contact with skin, eyes and clothing. To prevent a fire or
explosion keep sparks and open flames away from battery.
•Before disconnecting the negative (-) ground cable, make
sure all switches are OFF.
12
DIXON LIMITED WARRANTY POLICY
COMMERCIAL MODELS - 2700 SERIES
DIXON ZTR MOWERS ARE WARRANTED AGAINST DEFECTS IN MATERIALS AND WORKMANSHIP AND PROVIDES FOR REPLACEMENT OR REPAIR OF PARTS
INCLUDING LABOR COSTS. THIS WARRANTY IS SUBJECT
TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS AND LIMITATIONS.
1. Home Owner Application: This Dixon Warranty term is for a period of three (3) years from
date of purchase. Frame, body panels and fenders are warranted for the life of the mower.
2. Commercial Application: Defined as use other than, or in addition to, mowing at owner’s
primary place of residence. Units used in commercial application are warranted for a period of
one (1) year from the date of purchase or 750 hours, whichever comes first.
3. Warranty applies only to original retail purchaser of new and unused mowers and accessories.
4. All Dixon warranty must be accomplished by authorized Dixon dealers and in accordance with
Dixon warranty policy and allowances. All warranty claims must be approved by Dixon
Industries, Inc.
5. Battery Warranty: limited to 90 days from date of purchase.
6. Accessories Warranty (grass catchers, snow blades, covers, etc.): Limited to 90 days from
date of purchase.
7. Warranty does not apply to damage in transit or incidents of misuse, negligence, accidents, or
alteration. The use of parts or components other than those supplied by Dixon Industries
VOIDS ALL WARRANTY.
8. The following items are not covered by this warranty policy:
(a) Pick up and delivery charges for transportation of mower to and from an authorized
Dixon dealer’s place of business.
(b) Routine maintenance or adjustments.
(c) Belts/blades/hydrostatic filters.
(d) Engines - All engines used on Dixon ZTR mowers are warranted by each individual
engine manufacturer.
(e) Any costs or expense of providing substitute equipment while repair work is being
performed on a warranted mower.
9. There is no other express warranty. Implied warranties, including those of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose are limited to the same duration of the express warranty and to
the extent permitted by law any and all implied warranties are excluded. Liabilities for
consequential damages under any and all warranties are excluded.
13
SPECIFICATIONS
Model 2700
CHASSIS:
11 GA - rectangular tube, 7 GA reinforcement
SEAT:
Designed for operator comfort with padded back & arm
rests. Seat is adjustable fore & aft. Mounted on operator
suspension system.
MOWER DECK:
2 decks are available. Both decks are made of 10 GA
fabricated welded construction with 1/4 " reinforcement
plate. 3 blades combine for either a 60" or 72" cut width.
Deep deck with discharge tunnel. Cut height approximately 1.5"
to 6" via 10 position lift handle.
BLADE DRIVE:
"V" Belt with Electric clutch
DRIVE SYSTEM:
Each rear wheel is independently driven by a HydroGear
BDP-10A pump and White CE wheel motor.
ENGINE:
27HP Kawasaki Twin, Liquid Cooled 4-Cycle, VConfiguration, Overhead Valve, Gasoline, Horizontal
Shaft, Aluminum Head and Crankcase with Cast Iron
Liners, Full Pressure Lubrication/Full Flow Filter, Electric
Fuel Pump, Fixed Jet Carburetor, Electronic Ignition, InLine Fuel Filter, Dual Element Air Cleaner.
STARTING SYSTEM: Electric by key switch operation with safety interlocks on
parking brake, blade drive clutch and control levers.
TIRES:
Front
Rear
13-6.5x6
23-10.5x12
RECOMMENDED
TIRE PRESSURE:
Front
Rear
16-20 lbs.
8-14 lbs.
CAPACITIES:
Fuel - 11 gallons (approx)
Hydrostat oil system - 4 quart with in-line 40 micron filter
Hydrostat oil recommendation - SAE 20W50 motor oil
Engine - 2 quart. SAE 10W30 motor oil
DIMENSIONS:
Width
Height
Length
Weight
73.5"(60" Deck), 85.5"(72" Deck)
54"
87"
1020 lbs.(60" Deck), 1054 lbs.(72" Deck)
Additional information provided in service instructions under the individual component.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
14
CONTROLS
CONTROL LEVERS
Note:
For access to the seat, move control levers to neutral position and
swing them outward.
TO GO FORWARD:
•From neutral position, gently push both control levers forward.
•To increase speed, move levers further forward.
TO GO BACKWARD:
•From neutral position, gently pull both control levers toward you.
TURNING:
•Turning is controlled by moving one control lever slightly forward or
rearward of the other.
•To turn left, move left lever rearward of the right lever.
•To turn right, move right lever rearward of the left lever.
•To turn on mower’s own axis (zero turning radius), stop and move
one lever to reverse position and the other to forward position.
BRAKING:
•To brake mower, move both levers in direction opposite of travel.
LEFT TURN OPPOSITE
Note: The pressure required to operate the mower is very light.
15
CONTROLS
PARKING BRAKE:
A parking brake is located to the left of the seat.
The engine will kill if control levers are not in the outboard position when
the parking brake is engaged.
To engage brake: pull up and back
To disengage brake: push forward and down
Note: The parking brake is not intended to be used as a
service brake.
Note: Always set parking brake before dismounting.
Release the parking brake before moving mower.
Note:
Engage parking brake before starting engine.
MOWER DECK CUT HEIGHT LIFT LEVER:
Located to the right and front of the operator.
Controls the cutting height.
Ten positions of adjustment.
Depress trigger and move lever forward to lower deck.
Depress trigger and pull lever back to raise deck.
Select cut height & insert pin into first hole below the lift lever. Ten holes
are provided for a down stop so you can easily return from transport to
desired cut height.
SEAT:
Fore & Aft: Move lever, slide seat fore & aft to desired position, release.
16
CONTROLS
MOWER BLADE SWITCH:
To engage blades: pull up on switch
To disengage blades: push down
IGNITION SWITCH:
•Turn to start position to crank engine. Release
when it starts.
•For headlights - rotate switch one notch
counter-clockwise from run.
Note:
Remove key when mower is not in use.
CHOKE CONTROL LEVER:
•Located on the control panel to the operator’s right.
THROTTLE CONTROL LEVER:
•Located on control panel to operator’s right.
•Controls engine speed.
•While mowing, throttle control should be set to MAXIMUM or wide
open setting to insure adequate cooling of the engine and to
maintain mower deck blade speed.
CIRCUIT BREAKER:
•If circuit breaker pops up, it disconnects the power. Wait 2 minutes
and push to reset.
•If it pops up again, there is a short circuit. Stop and find fault or
contact your dealer.
17
CONTROLS
18
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
The safe and successful operation of the ZTR Model
2700 will depend upon the operator having the correct
knowledge of all controls used on the mower and making
good judgements about the terrain to be mowed.
NEVER allow anyone to operate the mower without
complete knowledge of all controls and their functions.
During initial operation, “learning to drive”, set
throttle at slow speed.
BEFORE OPERATING MOWER:
1. Read and observe all safety instructions on your
mower and in the manual.
2. Read engine manufacturer’s operating and maintenance instructions.
3. Check engine oil.
4. Check fuel cap to be sure it is in place.
5. Be sure parking brake is on.
6. Mower blade drive is off.
7. Know how to stop engine. (Turn key to off position).
19
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
TESTING OF SAFETY INTERLOCK
SYSTEMS:
Do not operate mower if safety switches are not operating
properly.
Your Zero Turning Radius Mower is equipped with
control interlocks for your safety.
20
1.
The engine will not start if the mower blades
are engaged.
2.
The engine will not start unless the steering
control levers are neutral “OUT” position.
3.
The engine will stop if the mower blade
clutch is engaged and the operator leaves the
driver’s seat.
4.
The engine will stop if the park brake is ON
and the steering control levers are moved to
the “IN” position.
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
INTERLOCK SWITCH TEST
Note: Operator must be seated in normal operating position to
perform these tests.
1. With engine off, turn mower blade on and attempt
to start engine.
ENGINE SHOULD NOT START.
2. With engine off, move control levers in and attempt
to start engine.
ENGINE SHOULD NOT START.
3. In a SAFE AREA, away from bystanders, start the
engine, place throttle setting at maximum or full.
Engage the blade drive through the electric clutch
switch. Raise slightly off of seat.
ENGINE SHOULD STOP!
4. With engine running, set parking brake and move
levers inboard.
ENGINE SHOULD STOP!
If any safety check fails, do not operate the mower
until the system has been checked and repaired by an
authorized Dixon ZTR dealer.
21
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
STARTING INSTRUCTIONS:
1. Operator must be seated in normal operating position.
2. Set parking brake.
3. Move control levers to outboard position.
4. Assure blade clutch is off.
5. Push throttle control lever to 1/2 setting.
6. Push choke control lever forward.
*If engine is warm, turn choke off immediately after engine
starts.
*If engine is cold, slowly move choke to off as the engine
warms up.
7.
Insert Ignition key and turn to start position. When engine
starts, release ignition key. Key will return to “run” position.
8. Move throttle control lever to the wide open or maximum
setting for actual operation of the mower deck. Engine
must be operated at wide open or maximum setting to
insure adequate lubrication, cooling and cut quality of the
mower deck.
CAUTION Do not operate the engine in an enclosed area
due to the harmful exhaust gas produced.
STOPPING INSTRUCTIONS:
1. Turn mower blades off.
2. Move control levers to outboard position.
3. Set parking brake.
4. Move throttle control to slow. Allow engine to run a short time
to cool down then turn ignition key to “OFF” and remove key.
22
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
MOWING INSTRUCTIONS:
CAUTION
Be sure that deflector is properly
installed on the discharge chute.
1. Start engine and set throttle at full speed.
2. Set desired cut height.
3. Release park brake.
CAUTION
Check the area to assure there is no
one near.
4. Engage mower blades.
5. Move control levers in and operate per the control
instructions on Page 15.
23
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
GRASS HEIGHT AND CUTTING SUGGESTIONS:
Do not attempt to cut grass when it is wet.
If the grass is tall, place the mower deck cut height
lever in the top or second notch. “Initially” overlap
cutting swaths instead of a full swath with each pass.
Some applications may require a second cutting.
Keep the underside of the mower deck clean.
Maintain sharp blades throughout the cutting season.
As a rule of thumb, never cut off more than 1/3 of the
total grass blade length.
Correct mowing height can reduce weeds and disease
by 50% to 80%.
The following grass cut heights are based an adequate
moisture conditions and normal thatch buildup in a
healthy lawn. Some locations and applications may
require slightly different cut heights. If in doubt,
consult your local lawn professional for assistance.
Grass Types
Bermudagrass
Bluegrass
Buffalograss
Ryegrass
Tall Fescue
Zoysiagrass
24
Best Cut Heights
1 - 2”
2 - 3”
11/2 -3”
2 - 3”
3 - 31/2”
1 - 3”
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
TO LIFT SEAT:
To lift the seat, move the control levers to the neutral
“OUT” position. Release the seat latch and rotate the
counterbalanced seat support frame upward and
forward.
To return the seat to the operating position, push the
counterbalance seat frame support rearward and
down until it rests firmly on the tractor frame.
SPRINGS:
Three seat springs are provided. The center spring may
be removed for a softer ride.
25
OPERATION
INSTRUCTIONS
TO FREE WHEEL MACHINE
(UNLOCK TRANSMISSION):
Always turn off engine before engaging or disengaging the hydro
release (free wheel) valves. Never attempt to move the valves
with the engine running.
The hydro release valves are located beneath the seat on the
top of the hydro pumps on each side of the machine. To unlock
the transmission, lift the seat (see Page 25), rotate the transmission hex valve located on the top of each transmission approximately two full turns counter-clockwise.
To re-engage the transmission, rotate each transmission hex
valve clockwise to the end of its travel. Return the seat to the
operating position.
Note:
26
Before pushing or towing the tractor, the transmission
must be unlocked and the parking brake released. The
tractor should never be pulled more than two miles per
hour or for any appreciable distance.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
Before performing any maintenance, turn off engine,
allow to cool & remove key. Use extreme care when working
on machinery. Do not wear watch or jewelry.
Do not wear loose fitting clothes,
and observe all common safety practices with tools.
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
•Check deck drive belt tension adjustment........................after 5 hours break-in
(adjust spring tension to 7 to7-1/2 inside to inside spring hook dimension.
Check belt tension periodically. Make adjustments as necessary)
• Check deck serpentine belt..........................................after 20 hours break-in
(adjust bumper to approximately 1/2” thick)
• Check crankcase oil level.........................................................before each use
•Clean grass from hydrostat fans and radiator screen................before each use
•Clean grass & debris from muffler & manifold area...................before each use
• Check air intake screen..............................................................after each use
• Clean grass under deck..............................................................after each use
• Check tire pressure.....................................................................every 10 hours
• Inspect mower blades for sharpness.............................................every 10 hours
• Clean air filter element................................................................every 25 hours
• Check hydrostatic transmission fluid.............................................every 25 hours
• Grease all zerks.........................................................................every 50 hours
• Check drive and fan belt..............................................................every 50 hours
•Replace air filter element..........................................annually or every 100 hours
• Check spark plugs.....................................................annually or every 100 hours
• Change engine oil filter..............................................................every 100 hours
•Change engine crankcase oil..........................(5 hours break-in) every 100 hours
•Change hydrostat oil & oil filter..................(100 hours break-in) every 500 hours
27
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
ENGINE:
For complete maintenance and operating information of the engine, please refer to
the maintenance instructions furnished by the engine manufacturer and included in
your Zero Turn Radius mower information packet.
Note:
Air intake screen must be kept clean. If plugged, engine may be
seriously damaged by overheating.
BATTERY:
CAUTION
Battery contains sulfuric acid electrolyte
which is poisonous and corrosive.
This is a maintenance-free battery and the fluid level cannot be
checked.
OFF SEASON BATTERY STORAGE:
DO NOT remove battery from mower.
Clean top of battery and terminals with baking soda and water.
Identify each cable so they can be reconnected to the correct
terminal.
Disconnect cables from terminals. ALWAYS disconnect ground
cable first and reconnect last.
Charge battery.
TIRES:
Correct tire pressure is essential for efficient operation of the mower. Check tire
pressure periodically. Inflate tires to the pressure listed below.
Front tires
Rear tires
-
16-20 lbs.
8-14 lbs.
Lug nuts or lug bolts should be checked regularly for tightness.
28
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
Stop engine and remove ignition key for safety.
Wear heavy, thick gloves when holding onto
cutter blade, avoid the sharp edge of the blade.
MOWER BLADES:
Check sharpness of mower blades after every 10 hours of operation. To sharpen blades, proceed as follows.
1. Remove bolt and flat washer mounting blade on shaft.
Remove blade.
2. Blades should be discarded when worn excessively.
3. Sharpen blade with a hand file, electric grinder or blade
sharpener. Wear gloves and eye protection when sharpening. Grind blade at original 25 degree bevel.
4. Check balance of blade by positioning the blade on a nail or
blade balance pedestal. Grind the blade on the end that is
heavier until both sides balance.
5. Install blade, flat washer & bolt. Make sure to tighten bolt to
60 ft. lbs.
DANGEROUS!
DO NOT USE
BLADE IN THIS
CONDITION!
New Blade
BELTS:
When notch starts,
discard blade
Check belts every 50 hours. Replace any belts found to be in poorcondition.
29
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
LUBRICATION:
ENGINE:
Follow engine manufacturer’s recommendation.
DECK SPINDLES:
Lubricate with 3 “shots” only, every 100
hours.
MOWER CHASSIS: Lubricate with 3 “shots” only, every 50 hours
(see zerk locations below).
30
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
CHECKING & REPLENISHING OIL IN HYDROSTATIC
TRANSMISSION:
Dirt or water in oil can ruin the
hydrostatic transmissions.
Check the oil level in hydrostatic transmission oil
reservoir after every 25 hours of usage. Clean the oil
reservoir cap and the area around it prior to removal.
Check the oil level. Oil should be approximately 1-3/8”
below top of oil tank. Replenish as needed with SAE
20W-50 motor oil. DO NOT OVERFILL. When checking
the oil level, be very careful to keep the reservoir clean.
Change the oil in the reservoir and hydrostat transmission oil filter after the first 100 hours of use. Then
every 500 hours after that. Remove the filter and be
sure all oil has drained from the reservoir. Replace with
new filter and SAE 20W-50 motor oil.
Please dispose of used oil at proper collection centers protect your environment
31
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
1. Raise rear of machine.
2. Remove tire and wheel assembly.
3. Adjust the 3/8” adjustment nut clockwise to
increase and counter-clockwise to decrease
brake holding power. As the brake holding
power is increased, the force required on the
handle to engage the brake increases.
4. Set the brake for the holding power required for
the intended use and the desired force required
to activate it.
5. Install wheel & tire assembly.
6. Repeat steps 2-5 for opposite side.
32
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
HEADLIGHT ADJUSTMENT
1. Loosen the 1/2” retaining nut underneath the
headlight and slide the headlight forward out of the
recessed area of the fuel tank.
2. Loosen the 1/2” nut on the “U” shaped holding
bracket and swivel the headlight vertically to adjust
the height of the beam. Tighten the bracket nut.
3. Replace headlight into recessed area of the fuel
tank.
4. Swivel the headlight horizontally to illuminate the
desired area and tighten the headlight retaining
nut.
33
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
HYDROSTATIC PUMPS:
Before each use, check to be sure that the cooling fins of
the hydrostatic pumps are clean. Excessive accumulation of
oil, dirt, or trash may cause the pumps to overheat.
NEVER WASH ACROSS TOP OF RESERVOIR WITH WATER
OR STEAM. Fill reservoir as required per the maintenance
schedule listed in this book.
HYDROSTAT DRIVE BELT REPLACEMENT
PROCEDURE:
To remove hydrostat pump drive belt:
(The hydrostat pump drive is equipped with a spring loaded
belt take-up).
1. Raise seat. (See instructions on Page 25).
2. Remove hold down bolts from belt cover. Remove belt
cover.
3. Rotate the spring loaded take-up idler towards the left
hand hydro pump to provide belt slack for removal.
4. Remove belt.
To install hydrostat pump drive belt:
1. Rotate the spring loaded take-up idler towards the left
hand hydro pump.
2. Install belt per diagram.
3. Re-attach belt cover.
4. Return the seat to the operating
position.
34
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
STEERING CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS:
To adjust neutral:
1. Lift seat (see instructions on Page 25).
2. Block up the unit so that the drive wheels are off the
ground.
3. Loosen ball joint jam nuts on control rod.
Note: The front jam nuts are left hand threads.
4. With steering control arms in the “out” neutral position,
start the engine and run at fast idle.
5. Adjust the neutral position by turning the control rod until
the wheels do not rotate.
6. Re-tighten the jam nuts on the control rod and check to
see that the drive wheels are not turning.
7. Repeat steps 3-6 for the other side.
8. Shut off engine before removing the blocks.
9. Return the seat to the operating position.
To adjust neutral springs:
1. Loosen set screws of front and rear spring stop
collars located on the control rods. (Requires a 1/8” Allen
wrench).
2. Move control handle full forward.
3. Move front spring stop collar rearward until it compresses
spring approximately 1/16” and tighten collar set screw.
4. Move control handle full rearward.
5. Move rear spring stop collar forward until it compresses
spring approximately 1/16” and tighten collar set screw.
6. Repeat steps 1-5 for opposite side.
35
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
STEERING CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS (continued):
To adjust steering control levers:
1. Loosen the front and rear bolts retaining the bellows
hold down plate and slide the bellows and plate up
the steering lever to expose the steering control
mechanism.
2. Move the levers inboard to the operating position.
3. Loosen the set screw of the clamp collars which lock
the upper arms to the lower arms.
4. Raise or lower the arms for desired height. There is
approximately 3” of height adjustment available.
Upper shaft should have a minimum of 1-1/2”
engagement in lower shaft.
5. Rotate arms until they have the
desired orientation front to back.
6. Tighten the clamp collar set
screws.
36
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
STEERING CONTROL ADJUSTMENTS
(continued):
To adjust “In” position of the steering controls
1. Move the levers inboard to the operating position.
2. Adjust the steering lever stops until the steering
levers have the desired clearance.
To adjust for straight forward tracking.
1. Drive tractor with both control levers in the full forward
position.
2. Stop the machine and shut off the engine.
3. Adjust the forward stop of the control levers on the
side which appears to be faster to limit the forward
travel of the control levers until the mower tracks in
a straight line.
Note: Variations in the turf and tire pressure can
cause variations in speed and tracking.
When all alignment adjustments are satisfactory, slide
the hold down plate and bellows down the control
levers and secure with screws.
37
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
LEVELING THE DECK:
1. Set the tire pressure on all four tires.
2. Front casters must be rotated in the direction of
forward travel.
3. Move the tractor to a hard level surface.
4. Put the mower deck in the number 3 deck
height position.
5. Rotate the 2 outer spindles so the blades point
outboard.
6. Adjust front hangers to level deck side to side.
7. Rotate all 3 spindles until the blades are fore
and aft.
8. Adjust rear hangers until deck is level to 1/4”
higher in the rear.
38
STANDARD SERVICE PARTS LIST
ZTR MODEL 2700:
Blades (60”)
Blades (72”)
standard:
low lift:
Gator:
standard:
low lift:
Gator:
P/N 12421
P/N 12451
P/N 12508
P/N 12339
P/N 12452
P/N 12509
Engine to Mower Deck Belt:
Serpentine Belt (60”):
Serpentine Belt (72”):
Engine to Hydro Belt:
P/N 12807
P/N 9758
P/N 12033
P/N 12012
Hydrostatic Transmission Filter:
P/N 7252
KAWASAKI AIR AND OIL FILTER:
Refer to engine manufacturer’s manual for recommendations regarding frequency of service required for
engine oil changes and air filter maintenance.
Protect your engine investment, use only original
equipment filters. Ask your Dixon Dealer for assistance.
IMPORTANT:
Some applications, extreme dirt conditions, or the use
of a grass catcher may require that the engine used
on the ZTR Model 2700 be fitted with an optional
Kawasaki fresh air filter system. Check with your engine
service center for availability.
39
TROUBLESHOOTING
1. ENGINE WON’T TURN OVER
Mower blades engaged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -disengage blades
Drive not in neutral - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -move control levers to neutral “OUT”
Circuit breaker trips- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -reset breaker
Dead battery- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -charge or replace
Solenoid- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Ignition switch- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Starter- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Parking brake not on- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - engage parking brake
2. ENGINE WILL TURN OVER BUT WON’T START
No fuel - - - - - - - - - - - -refuel and/or clean or replace fuel filters/open fuel valve
Over or under choked- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - adjust choke
Spark plug not firing- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -check spark plug/contition or reset gap*
Carburetor maladjusted- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Ignition Switch- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
3. HARD TO START ENGINE
Fuel line clogged- - - - - - - - - - - - - clean fuel line/check fuel filter/open fuel valve
Faulty fuel pump- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Spark plug wire loose or grounded- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - check spark plug wires
Spark plugs faulty or improperly gapped- - - -check spark plug/condition or reset gap*
Electronic ignition defective- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Dirty or maladjusted carburetor- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
4. ENGINE STARTS BUT CUTS OUT
Water in fuel- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - drain old fuel-replace with new fuel
Clogged fuel line- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -check fuel filter/clean fuel line
Fuel tank vent plugged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -check vent
Faulty fuel pump- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Maladjusted carburetor- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Engine dies when control levers moved “IN”- - - - - - - - - - - release parking brake
5. ENGINE KNOCKS
Low oil level- - - - - - - Ignition timing off- - - - Fuel octane too lowOver heated engine- -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -check and add oil
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
- - - - - drain & replace with higher octane fuel
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -shut off engine/allow to cool
*See engine manual for engine adjustments
40
TROUBLESHOOTING
6. ENGINE OVERHEATED
Radiator coolant level- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -add coolant mixture
Air intake screen or fins clogged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - clean intake screen and fins
Fuel mixture too lean- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Improper ignition timing- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Oil level too low or too high- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -adjust oil levell
Running engine too slow- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -run engine faster
(NOTE: Always mow at full throttle setting)
7. ENGINE SOMETIMES SKIPS AT HIGHER SPEEDS
Incorrect ignition timing- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Carburetor maladjusted- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Faulty spark plug- - - - - - - - - - - - - -check spark plug or condition and reset gap*
8. ENGINE RUNS BUT MOWER WON’T MOVE FORWARD
Drive belt broken or slipping- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - replace drive belt
Pump arm loose or disconnected- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - tighten or reconnect
Hydraulic oil system low- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -add oil
By-pass valves in free wheel position- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -tighten by-pass valves
Hydrostat oil filter plugged- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - replace filter
Faulty pump or wheel motor - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
9. ENGINE STALLS WHEN BLADES ARE ENGAGED
Operator not on seat- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - sit on seat
Faulty interlock system- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Blade spindle bearing failed - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -consult dealer
Deck drive belt improperly routed- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - reroute
Blades blocked by foreign material- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - clean under deck
10. ENGINE BACKFIRES
Carburetor maladjustment- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
11. ENGINE IDLES POORLY
Carburetor maladjustment- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - consult dealer
Improper spark plug gap- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - check and re-gap plug*
*See engine manual for engine adjustment
41
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS:
Keep all connections clean and tight.
CLEANING THE MOWER:
Wash mower periodically. Clean above and below deck.
High pressure washing and alkaline based soaps can cause
damage to bearings and other parts of the mower. After
washing your mower, start the engine and engage the
mower deck for a few minutes to disperse any water that
may have accumulated in bearings, pulleys or fans.
Note:
Allow mower to cool before wasing. If
bearings are hot, they will draw moisture
inside as they dry and cause corrosion.
SERIAL NUMBERS:
The serial number is located on the frame at the rear of the
engine.
WARRANTY:
Refer to warranty information on page 13, or see the
Warranty Registration Form in your owner’s packet.
PARTS/SERVICE:
See your Dixon dealer for replacement parts, warranty or
service.
PLEASE HELP PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT BY AVOIDING ALL
CHEMICALS WHICH MAY DAMAGE OR CAUSE HARM TO
PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN YOUR AREA.
42
OWNER
INFORMATION
DIXON INDUSTRIES, INC.
a BLOUNT International Inc. Co.
P.O. Box 1569
Coffeyville, Ks 67337-0945
620-251-2000
FAX 620-251-4117
Date Purchased _________________________________
Mower Model Number ____________________________
Mower Serial Number ____________________________
Purchased From ________________________________
Name
________________________________
Address
________________________________
DATE OIL CHANGED:
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
DATE ENGINE TUNED:
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
___________________
__________________
43
ZTR®Mowers
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Dixon® and ZTR® are registered trademarks of
Dixon Industries, Inc.
DIXON INDUSTRIES, INC.
a BLOUNT International Inc. Co.
P.O. Box 1569
Coffeyville, Ks 67337-0945
620-251-2000
Model 2700
Part No. 12828-0603
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