Dixon 965884701 Lawn Mower User Manual

Operator Manual
SPDZTR 30 / 966043101
SPDZTR 30 BF / 966064401
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you
understand the instructions before using the machine.
To implement improvements, specifications and designs can be altered without prior
notification.
Note that no legal demands can be placed based on the information contained in these
instructions.
Use only original parts for repairs. The use of other parts voids the warranty.
Do not modify or install non-standard equipment to the unit without consent from the
manufacturer. Modifications to the unit may cause unsafe operations or damage the unit.
©2009 HTC. All rights reserved.
Beatrice, NE. Printed in U.S.A.
Contents
INTRODUCTION................................................................ 5
General........................................................................ 5
Driving and Transport on Public Roads....................... 5
Towing.......................................................................... 5
Operating..................................................................... 5
Good Service............................................................... 6
SYMBOLS AND DECALS................................................... 7
SAFETY.............................................................................. 9
General Operation....................................................... 9
Personal Safety Equipment....................................... 11
Slope Operation......................................................... 11
Safe Handling of Gasoline......................................... 13
General Maintenance................................................ 14
Transport.................................................................... 16
CONTROLS...................................................................... 17
Control Locations....................................................... 17
Steering Control Levers............................................. 18
Parking Brake............................................................ 19
Throttle Control.......................................................... 19
Ignition Switch........................................................... 19
Choke Control............................................................ 20
Refueling.................................................................... 20
Fuel Shut Off Valve.................................................... 21
Mower Deck Lifting Lever.......................................... 21
Tracking..................................................................... 21
Blade Control Lever................................................... 22
Manual Transport....................................................... 22
Training...................................................................... 23
Steering..................................................................... 23
Before Starting........................................................... 24
Starting the Engine.................................................... 24
Weak Battery............................................................. 27
Jumper cables................................................. 27
Running..................................................................... 28
Operating on Hills...................................................... 29
Mowing Tips.............................................................. 30
Stopping the Engine.................................................. 31
Manual Transport....................................................... 32
maintenance................................................................ 33
Maintenance Schedule.............................................. 33
Battery....................................................................... 35
Ignition System.......................................................... 36
Safety System............................................................ 36
Engine Cooling Air Intake.......................................... 37
Engine Filters and Maintenance................................ 37
Tire Pressures............................................................ 37
Parking Brake............................................................ 38
V-belts........................................................................ 38
Deck Belt................................................................... 38
EZT Belt..................................................................... 39
Cutting Blades........................................................... 39
Blade replacement.......................................... 39
Adjusting the Mower Deck........................................ 40
Leveling deck.................................................. 40
Caster Wheels........................................................... 41
Cleaning and Washing.............................................. 41
Hardware................................................................... 41
Front Wheel Mount..................................................... 43
Front Wheel Bearings................................................ 43
Deck spindle.............................................................. 43
Steering Control Shafts.................................... 43
troubleshooting...................................................... 44
STORAGE........................................................................ 46
Winter Storage........................................................... 46
Service....................................................................... 46
SCHEMATICS................................................................... 47
TECHNICAL DATA........................................................... 48
Torque Specifications................................................ 48
Conformity Certificates......................................... 51
WARRANTY...................................................................... 52
SERVICE JOURNAL......................................................... 53
WARNING!
Failure to follow cautious operating practices can result in serious injury to the
operator or other persons. The owner must understand these instructions, and must
allow only trained persons who understand these instructions to operate the mower.
Each person operating the mower must be of sound mind and body and must not be
under the influence of any mind altering substance.
WARNING!
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm.
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations
Towing
Thank you for purchasing a Dixon ride-on mower. This
machine is built for superior efficiency to rapidly mow
primarily large areas. A control panel easily accessible
to the operator and a hydrostatic transmission
regulated by steering controls both contribute to the
machine’s performance.
This manual is a valuable document. Read the
contents carefully before using or servicing the
machine. The following of instructions (use, service,
maintenance, etc.) by all who operate this machine
is important for the safety of the operator and others.
It can also considerably increase the life span of the
machine and increase its resale value.
If you sell your machine, be sure to give the operator’s
manual to the new owner.
The final chapter of this operator’s manual provides a
Service Journal. Ensure that service and repair work
are documented. A well-kept service journal reduces
service costs for the maintenance and affects the
machine’s resale value. Please contact your dealer for
more information. Take the operator’s manual along
when the machine is taken to your dealer for service.
If machine is equipped with a tow hitch, use extreme
caution when towing. Never allow children or others in
or on towed equipment..
Make wide turns to avoid jack-knifing. Travel slowly
and allow extra distance to stop. Do not tow on sloped
ground. The weight of the towed equipment may
cause loss of traction and loss of control.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for weight
limits for towed equipment. Do not tow near ditches,
canals, and other hazards.
General
In this operator’s manual, left and right, backward and
forward are used in relation to the machine’s normal
driving direction.
Continuous dedication to improve our products require
that specifications and design are subject to change
without notice.
Driving and Transport on Public Roads
Check applicable road traffic regulations before
transporting on public roads. If the machine is
transported, you must always use approved fastening
equipment and ensure that the machine is well
anchored. DO NOT operate this machine on public
roadways.
Operating
This machine is constructed only for mowing grass
on lawns and even ground without obstacles such
as stones, tree stumps, etc. The machine can also
be used for other tasks when equipped with special
accessories provided by the manufacturer. Operating
instructions for the accessories are provided with
delivery. All other types of uses are incorrect. The
manufacturer’s directions concerning operation,
maintenance, and repairs must be carefully followed.
Lawn mowers and all power equipment, can be
potentially dangerous if used improperly. Safety
requires good judgement, careful use in accordance
with these instructions and common sense.
The machine must only be operated, maintained,
and repaired by persons familiar with the
machine’s special characteristics and who are also
knowledgeable about the safety instructions. Use only
approved repair parts to maintain this machine.
Accident prevention regulations, other general safety
regulations, occupational safety rules, and traffic
regulations must be followed without fail.
Unauthorized modifications to the design of the
machine may absolve the manufacturer from liability
for any resulting personal injury or property damage.
5
INTRODUCTION
Good Service
Dixon’s products are sold only in specialized retail stores with complete service. This ensures that you as
a customer receive only the best support and service. Before the product is delivered, the machine has,
for example, been inspected and adjusted by your retailer. See the certificate in the Service Journal in this
operator’s manual.
When you need spare parts or support in service questions, warranty issues, etc., please consult the following
professional:
This Operator’s Manual belongs to the machine with
the manufacturing number:
Engine
Transmission
Manufacturing Number
The machine’s manufacturing number can be found on the printed plate affixed to the left in the engine
compartment. Stated on the plate, from the top are:
• The machine’s type designation (I.D.).
• The manufacturer’s type number (Model).
• The machine’s serial number (Serial no.)
Please have the type designation and serial number available when ordering spare parts.
The engine’s manufacturing number is stamped on one of the valve covers.
The plate states:
• The engine’s model.
• The engine’s type.
• Code
Please have these available when ordering spare parts.
The wheel motors and hydrostatic pumps have a barcode decal affixed at the rear.
6
symbols and decals
These symbols are found on the machine and in the
operator’s manual.
Study them carefully so that you know what they
mean.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
WARNING!
Xxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx
xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx. xx xxxxxxxx xxxx
xxxxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk
of personal injury or death, particularly if the reader
should neglect to follow instructions given in the
manual.
Xxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx
xxxxxxxxx. xx xxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk
of material damage, particularly if the reader should
neglect to follow instructions given in the manual.
Used also when there is a potential for misuse or
misassembly.
R N
Reverse
Neutral
Fast
Slow
Choke
Fuel
P
Warning!
Parking Brake
CE conformity
marking. Only for
European market
Battery acid is corrosive, explosive and flammable
Warning! Rotating blades, keep away from the
discharge deck
Do not touch parts
Do not stand here
Noise emissions to the
surroundings in accordance with
the European Union’s directive.
The machine’s emission is stated
in the chapter TECHNICAL DATA
and on the decals.
Only machines for European
market
Use protective glasses
Use protective gloves
7
symbols and decals
Read
Operator’s
Manual
Shut off engine and
remove key before
performing any
maintenance or repair work
Whole body
Severing of fingers
exposure to
and toes
thrown objects
8
Moving sharp blades under cover
Keep a safe
distance from
the machine
Use on slopes
no greater
than 10°
No passengers
Do not open or remove safety
shields while
engine is running
Careful backing up,
watch for other
people
Careful going
forward, watch for
other people
SAFETY
WARNING!
WARNING!
THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE
OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET
AND THROWING OBJECTS. FAILURE
TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD
RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH.
This symbol means that important
safety instructions need to be
emphasized. It concerns your safety.
These instructions are for your safety. Read them
carefully.
General Operation
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Read, understand, and follow all instructions on
the machine and in the manual before starting.
Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or
under the machine. Keep clear of the discharge
opening at all times.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar
with the instructions, to operate the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blades.
Be sure the area is clear of bystanders before
operating. Stop machine if anyone enters the
area.
Never carry passengers. The machine is only
intended for use by one person.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind before
and while backing.
Never direct discharged material toward anyone.
Avoid discharging material against a wall or
obstruction. Material may ricochet back toward
the operator. Stop the blades when crossing
gravel surfaces.
Do not operate machine without the entire grass
catcher, discharge guard, or other safety devices
in place and working
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop
engine, and remove keys before dismounting.
Disengage blades when not mowing. Shut
off engine and wait for all parts to come to a
complete stop before cleaning the machine,
removing the grass catcher, or unclogging the
discharge guard.
8011-512
Read the operator’s manual before starting the machine
8011-513
Clear the area of objects before mowing
9
SAFETY
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10
Operate machine only in daylight or good artificial
light.
Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
Always wear eye protection when operating
machine.
Data indicates that operators age 60 years and
above are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and others
from serious injury.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
wheel weights or counterweights.
Anyone who operates this machine must first read
and understand this Operation Manual. Local laws
may regulate the age of the user.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves or other
debris buildup which can touch hot exhaust or
engine parts and burn. Do not allow the mower
deck to plow leaves or other debris which can
cause buildup to occur. Clean any oil or fuel
spillage before operating or storing the machine.
Allow machine to cool before storage.
8011-520
Never take passengers
WARNING!
Engine exhaust and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive system
damage. The engine exhaust contains
carbon monoxide, which is a odorless,
colorless, poisonous gas. Do not use
the machine in enclosed spaces.
SAFETY
Personal Safety Equipment
WARNING!
When using the machine, approved personal protective equipment (shown in illustrations)
shall be used. Personal protective equipment cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will
reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen. Ask your retailer for help in choosing
the right equipment.
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Make sure that you have first aid equipment close
at hand when using the machine.
Never use the machine when barefoot.
Always wear protective shoes or boots, preferably
with steel toe caps.
Always wear approved protective glasses or a full
visor when assembling or driving.
Always wear gloves when handling the blades.
Never wear loose clothing that can get caught in
moving parts.
Use ear protectors to avoid damage to hearing.
8011-670a
Personal protective equipment
Slope Operation
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. Operation on all slopes requires extra caution.
If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy
on it, do not mow it.
• Mow up and down slopes (10 degrees maximum),
not across.
• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other
hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the
machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Choose a low ground speed so that you will not
have to stop while on the slope.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may lose traction.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If
the tires lose traction, disengage the blades and
proceed slowly straight down the slope.
• Keep movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or
direction, which could cause machine to roll over.
• Use extra care while operating machine with
grass catchers or other attachments; they can
affect the stability of the machine.
6003-004
Mow up and down, not side to side
WARNING!
Do not drive up or down hills with
slopes greater than 10 degrees. And do
not drive across any slopes.
11
SAFETY
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•
Do not use on steep slopes.
Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your
foot on the ground.
Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments. The machine could suddenly roll
over if a wheel is over the edge or if the edge
caves in.
8011-509
Be extra cautious when driving on slopes
Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not
alert to the presence of children. Children are often
attracted to the machine and the mowing activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you last
saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and in the
watchful care of a responsible adult other than the
operator.
• Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the
area.
• Before and while backing, look behind and down
for small children.
• Never carry children, even with the blades shut
off. They may fall off and be seriously injured or
interfere with safe machine operation. Children
who have been given rides in the past may
suddenly appear in the mowing area for another
ride and be run over or backed over by the
machine.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may block your
view of a child.
8011-518
Keep children away from work area
8011-517
Never allow children to operate the machine
12
SAFETY
WARNING!
The engine must not be started when the driver’s floor plate or any protective plate for the
mower deck’s drive belt is removed.
Safe Handling of Gasoline
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use
extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
• Use only approved gasoline container.
• Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool at least two (2)
minutes before refueling.
• Never fuel the machine indoors.
• Never store the machine or fuel container where
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such
as on a water heater or other appliance.
• Before you begin refueling, minimize the risk of
static electricity by touching a metal surface.
• Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck
or trailer bed with plastic liner. Always place
containers on the ground away from the vehicle
when filling.
• Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck
or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not
possible, refuel such equipment with a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
• Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until fueling
is complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open
device.
• If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing
immediately.
• Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas cap and
tighten securely.
• Do not start the engine near spilled fuel.
• Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
• If leaks arise in fuel system, engine must not be
started until problem has been resolved.
• Check the fuel level before each use and leave
space for the fuel to expand, as the heat from the
engine and the sun may otherwise cause the fuel
to expand and overflow.
8011-516
Never fill the fuel tank indoors
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust system
become very hot during operation.
There is risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust system to
cool at least two (2) minutes before
refueling.
13
SAFETY
General Maintenance
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14
Never operate machine in a closed area.
Keep all nuts and bolts tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other
debris buildup. Clean oil or fuel spillage and
remove any fuel-soaked debris. Allow machine to
cool before storing.
If you strike a foreign object, stop and inspect the
machine. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make any adjustments or repairs with the
engine running.
Check grass catcher components and the
discharge guard frequently and replace with
manufacturer’s recommended parts, when
necessary.
Mower blades are sharp. Wrap the blade or wear
gloves, and use extra caution when servicing
them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and
service as required.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels,
as necessary.
Do not modify safety equipment. Check regularly
to be sure it works properly. The machine must not
be driven with defective or unmounted protective
plates, protective cowlings, safety switches, or
other protective devices.
Do not change the settings of governors and
avoid running the engine with overly high engine
speeds. If you run the engine too fast, you risk
damaging the machine components.
Be very careful when handling battery acid. Acid
on skin can cause serious corrosive burns. If you
spill battery acid on your skin, rinse immediately
with water.
Acid in the eyes can cause blindness, contact a
doctor immediately.
Be careful when servicing the battery. Explosive
gases form in the battery. Never perform
maintenance on the battery when smoking or near
open flames or sparks.
The battery can explode and cause serious injury/
damage.
Ensure that nuts and bolts, especially the
fastening bolts for the blade attachments,
are properly tightened, torqued and that the
equipment is in good condition.
Never drive the machine in an enclosed space
8011-515
WARNING!
Use protective glasses for
maintenance work.
WARNING!
The battery contains lead and lead
compounds, chemicals that are
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive
system damage. Wash your hands
after handling the battery.
SAFETY
Sparking can occur when working with the battery
and the heavy cables of the starter circuit. This can
cause battery explosion, fire or eye injury. Sparking
in this circuit can not occur after the chassis cable
(normally negative, black) is removed from the battery.
WARNING!
Avoid electrical sparking and its
consequences by the following
routines:
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•
Use protective goggles.
Ensure that the fuel filler cap is mounted tightly
and no flammable substances are stored in an
open vessel.
Never work with the starter circuit if there is spilled
fuel.
Disconnect the chassis cable from the battery first
and reconnect it last.
Do not make a bridge short circuit across the
starter relay to run the starter.
Never use the machine indoors or in spaces
lacking proper ventilation. The exhaust fumes
contain carbon monoxide, an odorless,
poisonous, and lethal gas.
Stop and inspect the equipment if you run over or
into anything. If necessary, make repairs before
starting.
Never make adjustments with the engine running.
The machine is tested and approved only with the
equipment originally provided or recommended
by the manufacturer. Only use approved repair
parts for the machine.
The blades are sharp and can cause cuts and
gashes. Wrap the blades or use protective gloves
when handling them.
Check the parking brake’s functionality regularly.
Adjust and service as necessary.
The mulch blades should only be used in familiar
areas when higher quality mowing is desired.
Reduce the risk of fire by removing grass, leaves,
and other debris that may have accumulated on
the machine. Allow the machine to cool before
putting it in storage.
6003-009
Do not smoke when performing maintenance on the battery.
The battery can explode and cause serious injury/damage.
8009-728
Risk of sparking
15
SAFETY
•
Regularly clean deck and underside of deck,
avoid spraying engine and electrical components
with water.
8011-514
Regularly clean deck
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
WARNING!
The parking brake is not sufficient to lock the
machine in place during transport. Ensure that
the machine is well fastened to the transport
vehicle. Always reverse the machine onto the
transport vehicle to avoid tipping it over.
Escaping hydraulic oil under pressure
can have sufficient force to penetrate
the skin, causing serious injury.
If injured by escaping fluid, see a
doctor at once. Serious infection
or reaction can develop if proper
medical treatment is not administered
immediately.
Transport
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16
The machine is heavy and can cause serious
crushing injuries. Be extra cautious when it is
loaded on or unloaded from a vehicle or trailer.
Use an approved trailer to transport the machine.
Activate the parking brake, turn off the fuel supply,
and fasten the machine with approved fastening
devices, such as bands, chains, or straps, when
transporting.
Do not operate this machine on public roadways.
Check and abide by local traffic regulations
before transporting the machine on any road.
Do not tow this machine, it may cause damage to
the drive system.
Do not tow any trailers, etc. with this mower. They
may jackknife or overturn causing damage to the
mower and possibly serious injury to the operator.
Load the unit onto truck or trailer by driving up
ramps of suitable strength using a slow speed. Do
not lift! The machine is not intended to be lifted by
hand.
WARNING!
This mower is equipped with an
internal combustion engine and
should not be used on or near any
unimproved forest-covered, bushcovered or grass-covered land unless
the engine’s exhaust system is
equipped with a spark arrester meeting
applicable local or state laws (if any).
If a spark arrester is used, it should be
maintained in effective working order
by the operator.
CONTROLS
This operator’s manual describes the Dixon Zero Turn
Rider. The rider is fitted with a Briggs & Stratton fourstroke overhead valve engine.
Transmission from the engine is made via belt-driven
hydraulic pumps. Using the left and right steering
controls, the flow is regulated and thereby the
direction and speed.
Control Locations
1
2
4
3
8050-002
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6
Cutting height handle
Park brake
Choke/throttle control
Ignition switch
Blade control lever
7
6.
7.
8.
9.
8
9
Motion control levers
Fuel tank cap
Fuel shut off valve
Bypass linkage
17
CONTROLS
Steering Control Levers
The machine’s speed and direction are continuously
variable using the two steering controls. The steering
controls can be moved forward or backward about
a neutral position. Furthermore, there is a neutral
position, which is locked if the steering controls are
moved outward.
When both controls are in the neutral position (N), the
machine stands still.
By moving both controls an equal amount forward
or backward, the machine moves in a straight line
forward or backward respectively.
In order, for example, to turn right while moving
forward, move the right control towards the neutral
position. The rotation of the right wheel is reduced and
the machine turns to the right.
Zero turn can be achieved by moving one control
backward (behind the neutral position) and carefully
moving the other steering control forward from its
neutral position. The rotation direction when zero
turning is determined by which steering control is
moved backward behind the neutral position. If the left
steering control is pulled backward, the machine turns
to the left. Use extra care when using this maneuver.
If the steering controls are in uneven positions when
standing still or do not fit in the slots for moving the
controls outward, they can be adjusted.
8050-003
Steering controls
WARNING!
The machine can turn very rapidly if
one steering control is moved much
further forward than the other.
1. Forward
2. Neutral
3. Neutral slot, Neutral lock
4. Reverse
Motion control lever, right side
18
8050-004
CONTROLS
Parking Brake
The parking brake is found on the left of the machine.
Pull the lever backward to activate the brake and
forward to release it.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The machine must stand absolutely still when
applying the parking brake. Always set the
parking brake before dismounting. Release
the parking brake before moving the mower.
8050-005
Parking brake not activated
Throttle Control
The throttle control regulates the engine speed and
thereby the rate of rotation of the blades.
To increase or decrease the engine speed, the control
is moved forward or back respectively.
Avoid idling the engine for long periods, as there is a
risk of fouling the spark plugs.
USE FULL THROTTLE WHEN MOWING, for best
mower performance and battery charging.
8050-006
Throttle control
Ignition Switch
The ignition key is placed on the control panel and is
used to start and stop the engine.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not run the starter for more than five
seconds each time. If the engine does not
start, wait about 10 seconds before retrying.
8050-006
Ignition switch
19
CONTROLS
Choke Control
The choke control is used for cold starts in order to
provide the engine with a richer fuel mixture.
For cold starts the throttle knob should be pushed
forward all of the way.
WARNING!
Gasoline is highly flammable. Observe
caution and fill the tank outdoors (see
the safety instruction).
8050-007
Choke control
Refueling
Read the safety instructions before refueling. The
machine has one fuel tank, just behind the seat. The
tank volume is 3 gallons (11.4 liters).
Make sure the fuel caps are properly tightened and
the cap gasket is not damaged.
The engine will run on a minimum of 85-octane
unleaded gasoline (no oil mix). Environmentally
adapted alkylate gasoline can be used. See also
Technical Data concerning ethanol fuel. Methanol fuel
is not allowed. Do not use E85 alcohol based fuel.
Damage to engine and components may occur.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Experience indicates that alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohol, ethanol or methanol)
can attract moisture which leads to separation
and formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an engine
while in storage. To avoid engine problems,
the fuel system should be emptied before
storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas
tank, start the engine and let it run until the
fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh
fuel the next season. See Storage Instructions
for additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaners in the fuel tank or
permanent damage may occur.
8050-012
Fuel tank
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust system,
become very hot during operation.
Risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust system to
cool at least two (2) minutes before
refueling
WARNING!
Fill to bottom of filler neck. Do not
overfill. Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel.
Do not store, spill or use gasoline near
an open flame.
20
CONTROLS
Fuel Shut Off Valve
The fuel shut off valve is located in the fuel line under
the seat. Tilt seat forward for access. The fuel valve is
ON when the valve is parallel to the fuel line. Rotate
the valve ¼ turn clockwise to turn fuel OFF.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
To obtain an even cutting height, it is
important that the air pressure is 15 psi in all
tires.
8050-010
Fuel shut off valve in the OPEN position.
Mower Deck Lifting Lever
The lifting lever is used to place the mower deck in
the transport position or one of the 6 different cutting
height positions.
The cutting height is set by placing a lever in the
notch for the desired cutting height.
The lifting lever can also be used to temporarily adjust
the cutting height, such as when passing a minor
bump in the lawn.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Always use the high position (F) to transport.
8050-014
The mower deck’s lifting lever
Tracking
If the mower is not tracking straight, check the
air pressure in both rear tires. Recommended air
pressure is 15 psi. (1 bar) Tracking must be checked
on a flat and level concrete or blacktop surface. If the
unit still does not track straight contact your Dixon
workshop for adjustments.
21
CONTROLS
Blade Control Lever
To lower the mower deck and engage the blades, lift
the lever up off the lock notch and lower slowly.
WARNING!
No adjustments or maintenance to be
carried out unless:
♦ the engine stopped
♦ the ignition key removed
♦ the parking brake activated
8050-016
Mower deck blade control lever in the disengaged position
Manual Transport
When pushing or pulling the mower, be sure to
engage the EZT Hydrogear bypass linkages. The EZT
bypass linkages are located on the rear of the frame,
below the rear engine guard.
• Raise the deck into the highest cutting position.
• Pull the EZT bypass linkages out and into the
slots. Release linkages to hold in the bypass
position.
• Release park brake.
• To reengage the EZT’s to drive, reverse the
above procedure.
8050-018
Set bypass linkages into slots on both sides
22
operation
Read “Safety Instructions” section and following
pages, if you are unfamiliar with the machine.
Training
Zero turn mowers are far more maneuverable than
typical riding mowers due to their unique steering
capabilities.
We suggest that this section be reviewed in its entirety
prior to attempting to move the mower under its own
power. Additionally, we suggest when first operating
the mower, use a reduced throttle speed and reduced
ground speed by NOT moving control levers to the
furthest forward or reverse positions during initial
operation, or until operator becomes comfortable
with controls. We also suggest first time users, or new
users to Zero Turn mowers to become familiar with
the mower’s movement on a hard surface, such as
concrete or blacktop PRIOR to attempting to operate
on turf. Until operator becomes comfortable with
mower controls and zero turning capability, they may
damage turf due to overly aggressive maneuvers.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
When control levers are in the reverse position
they return to neutral when released. This may
cause the mower to suddenly stop.
Steering
To move forward and backward
The direction and speed of the mower’s movements
is effected by the movement of the control lever(s)
on each side of mower. The left control lever controls
the left wheel. The right control lever controls the right
wheel.
First time users should push mower (see “Moving by
Hand” in the Operation section) to an open, flat area,
without other people or vehicles/obstacles nearby.
To move unit under its own power, the operator must
be in the seat, start engine (see “Before Starting”
in Operation section), adjust engine speed to idle,
disengage parking brake, do not engage blades
at this time, rotate control levers inward. As long
as the control levers have not been moved forward
or backwards, mower will not move. Slowly move
both control levers forward slightly. This will allow
mower to start moving forward in a straight line. Pull
back on control levers to the neutral position and
mower should stop moving. Pull back slightly on
control levers, this will allow mower to start moving
backwards. Push forward on control levers to the
neutral position and mower should stop moving.
To turn to the right
While moving in a forward direction, pull the right lever
back towards the neutral position while maintaining
the position of the left lever, this will slow the rotation
of the right wheel and cause the machine to turn in
that direction.
To turn to the left
While moving in a forward direction pull the left lever
back towards the neutral position while maintaining
the position of the right lever, this will slow the rotation
of the left wheel and cause the machine to turn in that
direction.
To zero turn
While moving in a forward direction, first pull both
control levers back until the mower stops or slows
dramatically.
Then by alternating one lever slightly to the forward
position and the other in the reverse position.
23
operation
Before Starting
•
Read the sections Safety Instructions and
Controls before starting the machine.
• Perform the daily maintenance before starting
(see Maintenance Schedule in the Maintenance
section).
• Check that there is sufficient fuel in the fuel tank.
• Adjust the seat to the desired position.
The following conditions must be fulfilled before the
engine can be started:
• The driver must be seated on the seat.
• The blade control lever for engaging the mower
blades must be down in the lower position.
• The parking brake must be on.
• Both steering controls must be in the locked
(outer) neutral position.
8050-020
Start conditions
Starting the Engine
1. Sit on the seat.
2. Raise the mower deck by pulling the lifting lever
backward to the transport position (F).
3. Activate the parking brake.
8050-014
Raise the mower deck
Disengage the mower blades by lowering the blade
control lever out of the lock notch and into the down
position.
8050-014
Set the blade control lever to the down position
24
operation
Move the steering controls outward to the locked
(outer) neutral position.
8050-008
Place controls in neutral position
Move the throttle to the middle position.
8050-008
Set the throttle
If the engine is cold, the choke control should be
pushed forward to its extent.
8050-007
Choke control
25
operation
Open the fuel valve.
8050-010
Open the fuel valve
Press in and turn the ignition key to the start position
STOP
8050-135
Turn to START position
When the engine starts, immediately release the
ignition key back to the run position.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
STOP
Do not run the starter for more than 5 seconds
each time. If the engine does not start, wait
approximately 10 seconds before retrying.
8050-136
Release ignition to the RUN position
26
operation
Slowly slide the choke control back to the middle
position when the engine has started.
Set the desired engine speed with the throttle. Allow
the engine to run at a moderate speed, “half throttle”
for 3-5 minutes before loading it to heavily. USE FULL
THROTTLE WHEN MOWING (no choke).
WARNING!
Engine exhaust and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive system
damage. The engine exhaust contains
carbon monoxide, which is a odorless,
colorless, poisonous gas. Do not use
the machine in enclosed spaces.
Weak Battery
WARNING!
Lead-acid batteries generate
explosive gases. Keep sparks,
flame and smoking materials away
from batteries. Always wear eye
protection when around batteries.
8050-007
Use full throttle when mowing
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Your mower is equipped with a 12-volt
negative grounded system. The other vehicle
must also be a 12-volt negative grounded
system. Do not use your mower to start other
vehicles.
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should
be recharged. (See “Battery” in the Maintenance
Section.)
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency starting,
follow this procedure:
Jumper cables
• Connect each end of the RED cable to the
POSITIVE (+) terminal on each battery, taking
care not to short against chassis.
• Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the
NEGATIVE (-) terminal of the fully charged battery.
• Connect the other end of the BLACK cable to a
good CHASSIS GROUND on the mower with the
discharged battery, away from the fuel tank and
battery.
To remove cables, reverse order
• Remove BLACK cable first from chassis and then
from the fully charged battery.
• Remove RED cable last from both batteries.
8011-642
Jumper cable connection
27
operation
Running
1. Release the parking brake by moving the lever
downward.
NOTE: The mower is equipped with an operator
presence system. When the engine is running,
any attempt by the operator to leave the seat
without first setting the parking brake will shut off
the engine.
2. Move the steering controls to the neutral position
(N).
8050-005
Parking brake not activated
3. Select the cutting height by placing the lever into
the desired notch.
WARNING!
Ensure that no one is near mower when
engaging blade control lever.
8050-014
4. Engage the mower blade by sliding the lever
upwards and into of the lock notch.
5. Move throttle control to full throttle.
6. The machine’s speed and direction are
continuously variable using the two steering
controls. When both controls are in the neutral
position, the machine stands still.
By moving both controls an equal amount forward
or backward, the machine moves in a straight line
forward or backward respectively.
In order, for example, to turn right while moving
forward, move the right control towards the neutral
position. The rotation of the right wheel is reduced
and the machine turns to the right.
Turning on the spot (zero turn) can be achieved
by moving one control backward (behind the
neutral position) and carefully moving the other
steering control forward from its neutral position.
The mower deck’s lifting lever
8050-022
The mower blade control lever in the lock notch
28
operation
Operating on Hills
Read the Safety Instructions “Driving on Slopes” in the
“Safety Instructions”.
WARNING!
Do not drive up or down hills with
slopes greater than 10 degrees. Do not
drive across slopes.
•
•
•
•
•
•
The slowest speed possible should be used
before starting up or down hills.
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
If stopping is absolutely necessary, pull drive
levers into the neutral position and push to the
outside of the unit and engage the parking brake.
To restart movement, release the parking brake.
Pull the control levers back to the center of the
mower and press forward to regain forward
motion.
Make all turns slowly.
8050-020
Start conditions
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
When in reverse, control levers return to
neutral when released. This may cause the
mower to suddenly stop.
29
operation
Mowing Tips
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
30
Observe and flag rocks and other fixed objects to
avoid collisions.
Begin with a high cutting height and reduce it until
the desired mowing result is attained.
The average lawn should be cut to
2½" (64 mm) during the cool season and over 3"
(76 mm) during the hot months. For healthier and
better looking lawns, mow often after moderate
growth.
For best cutting performance, grass over 6" (15
cm) in height should be mowed twice. Make the
first cut relatively high, the second to the desired
height.
The mowing result will be best with a high engine
speed (the blades rotate rapidly) and low speed
(the rider moves slowly). If the grass is not
too long and dense, the driving speed can be
increased without negatively affecting the mowing
result.
The finest lawns are obtained by mowing often.
The lawn becomes more even and the grass
clippings more evenly distributed over the mown
area. The total time taken is not increased as a
higher operating speed can be used without poor
mowing results.
Avoid mowing wet lawns. The mowing result is
poorer because the wheels sink into the soft lawn,
clumps build, and the grass clippings fasten
under the cowling.
Hose the mower deck underside with water after
each use. When cleaning, the mower deck shall
be raised into the transport position. Make sure
the mower is cooled and the engine is off.
Use compressed air to clean top surface of the
deck. Avoid flooding water on top surface, engine
and electrical components.
When the mulching kit is used, it is important that
the mowing interval is frequent.
WARNING!
Clear the lawn of stones and other
objects that can be thrown out by the
blades.
8011-603
Mowing pattern
WARNING!
Never drive the rider on terrain that
slopes more than 10 degrees. Mow
slopes up and down, never side to side.
Avoid sudden directional changes.
operation
Stopping the Engine
Allow the engine to idle a minute in order to attain
normal operating temperature before stopping it, if
it has been worked hard. Avoid idling the engine for
longer periods, as there is a risk of the spark plugs
fouling.
• Disengage the mower deck by sliding the blade
control lever out of the lock notch and down into
the lower position.
8050-014
Disengage the mower deck
•
•
•
•
•
Raise the mower deck by pulling the lifting lever
upward to the transport position.
When the machine is standing still, activate the
parking brake by pulling the lever backward.
Move the throttle to the minimum position (tortoise
symbol). Turn the ignition key to the stop position.
Never use choke to stop the engine.
Move the steering controls outward.
Remove key. Always remove key when leaving the
mower to prevent unauthorized use.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Leaving the ignition switch in any other
position than "OFF" will cause the battery to
be discharged.
8050-014
Raise the mower deck with the lifting lever
31
operation
Manual Transport
When pushing or pulling the mower, be sure to
engage the EZT Hydrogear bypass linkages. The EZT
bypass linkages are located on the rear of the frame,
below the rear engine guard.
• Raise the deck into the highest cutting position.
• Pull the EZT bypass linkages out and into the
slots. Release linkages to hold in the bypass
position.
• Release park brake.
• To reengage the EZT’s to drive, reverse the
above procedure.
8050-018
Set bypass linkages into slots on both sides
32
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance Schedule
The following is a list of maintenance procedures that
must be performed on the machine. For those points
not described in this manual, visit an authorized
service workshop. An annual service carried out by
an authorized service workshop is recommended to
maintain your machine in the best possible condition
and to ensure safe operation.
Read “Maintenance” in the Safety Instructions section.
Daily
Maintenance
Wkly
Before
Check the parking brake
●
Check the engine’s oil level (every refueling)
▲
Check the safety system
●
♦
Check for fuel and oil leakages
After
Check/clean the engine’s cooling air intake
▲
Check the mower deck
●
●
●
♦
♦
♦
♦
Check for loose hardware (screws, nuts)
Clean under the mower deck
Start the engine and blades, listen for unusual sounds
Check for damage
Thoroughly clean around the engine
Clean around belts, belt pulleys
At
least
once
each
year
Maintenance interval
in hours
25
50
Check battery
Sharpen/replace mower blades
Clean the engine’s cooling air intake 2)
▲
▲
Clean the air cleaner’s pre-filter 2) (foam)
▲
▲
Clean the air cleaner’s filter cartridge 2) (paper filter)
▲
▲
Check/adjust the parking brake
♦
♦
2)
3)
4)
300
●
●
●
Check the tire pressures
1)
100
First change after 5-8 hours. When operating with a heavy
load or at high ambient temperatures, replace every 50
hours.
In dusty conditions, cleaning and replacement are required
more often.
For daily use, the machine should be lubricated twice
weekly.
Performed by authorized service workshop.
● = Described in this manual
♦ = Not described in this manual
▲ = See engine manual
33
MAINTENANCE
Daily
Maintenance
Wkly
Before
After
At
least
once
each
year
Maintenance interval
in hours
25
50
Change the engine oil
1)
Replace the engine oil filter
♦
Clean/replace the spark plugs
●
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Check the caster wheels (every 200 hours)
Check/adjust the mower deck
Check the engine valve clearance 4)
♦
Perform the 300-hour service 4)
Lubricate according to Lubrication Schedule
1)
2)
3)
4)
3,4)
●
♦
♦
●
●
●
●
First change after 5-8 hours. When operating with a heavy
load or at high ambient temperatures, replace every 50
hours.
In dusty conditions, cleaning and replacement are required
more often.
For daily use, the machine should be lubricated twice
weekly.
Performed by authorized service workshop.
● = Described in this manual
♦ = Not described in this manual
▲ = See engine manual
WARNING!
Before performing any service or adjustment checklist:
• Engage the parking brake.
• Place the Blade-switch in the disengaged position.
• Turn the ignition switch to “OFF” position and remove the key.
• Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
• Disconnect the spark plug wire from all spark plugs and place the wire where it
cannot come in contact with the plug.
34
300
♦
●
Check/adjust throttle cable
Check the condition of belts, belt pulleys
100
●
♦
♦
●
MAINTENANCE
Battery
Your mower is equipped with a maintenance free
battery that does not need servicing. However,
periodic charging of the battery with an automotive
type battery charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour
To clean battery and terminals
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can
cause the battery to “leak” power.
1. Open the terminal access doors.
2. Remove the red terminal guard.
3. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first, then the
RED battery cable and remove the battery from
the machine.
4. Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
5. Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire
brush until shiny.
6. Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly
7. Reinstall battery.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not attempt to open or remove caps or
covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte
is not necessary.
Always use two wrenches for the terminal
screws.
Replacing battery
1. Lift seat and rotate forward.
2. Remove the terminal guard.
3. Using two ½" wrenches disconnect BLACK battery
cable then RED battery cable.
4. Unscrew the knob and remove battery hold down.
5. Carefully remove the battery from the mower.
6. Install new battery with terminals in the same
position as the old battery.
7. Reinstall battery hold down.
8. First connect RED battery cable to positive (+)
battery terminal with hex bolt and hex nut.
9. Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-)
battery terminal with remaining hex bolt and hex
nut.
10.Fit the terminal guard.
11.Lower seat.
Always use protective glasses when
handling the battery.
STANDARD
BATTERY
STATE
APPROXIMATE BATTERY CHARGING TIME*
TO FULL CHARGE AT 80OF / 27OC
OF
CHARGE
Maximum Rate at:
50 Amps
30 Amps
20 Amps
10 Amps
12.6V
100%
- FULL CHARGE -
12.4V
75%
20 min.
35 min.
48 min.
90 min.
12.2V
50%
45 min.
75 min.
95 min.
180 min.
12.0V
25%
65 min.
115 min.
145 min.
280 min.
11.8V
0%
85 min.
150 min.
195 min.
370 min.
*Charging time depends on battery capacity,
condition, age, temperature and efficiency of charger
WARNING!
Do not short battery terminals by
allowing a wrench or any other object
to contact both terminals at the same
time. Before connecting battery, remove
metal bracelets, wristwatch bands,
rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected
first to prevent sparks from accidental
grounding.
8050-109
Battery cleaning and installation
35
MAINTENANCE
Ignition System
The engine is equipped with an electronic ignition
system. Only the spark plugs require maintenance.
For recommended spark plugs, see Technical Data.
1. Remove the ignition cable boot and clean around
the spark plug.
2. Remove the spark plug with a spark plug socket
wrench.
3. Check the spark plug. Replace the spark plug
if fouled, the electrodes are burned and if the
insulation is cracked or damaged. Clean the spark
plug with a steel brush if it is to be reused.
4. Measure the electrode gap with a gapping tool.
The gap should be .030" (0.75 mm). Adjust as
necessary by bending the side electrode.
5. Reinsert the spark plug, turning by hand to avoid
damaging the threads.
6. After the spark plug is seated, tighten it using
a spark plug wrench so that the washer is
compressed. A used spark plug should be turned
1
/8 of a turn from the seated position. A new spark
plug should be turned a ¼ turn from the seated
position.
7. Replace the ignition cable.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Fitting the wrong spark plug type can damage
the engine.
Inadequately tightened spark plugs can
cause overheating and damage the engine.
Tightening the spark plugs too hard can
damage the threads in the cylinder head.
8011-054
Measure the electrode gap
Safety System
The machine is equipped with a safety system that
prevents starting or driving under the following
conditions.
The engine can only be started when:
1. The mower deck is disengaged.
2. The steering controls are in the outer, locked
neutral position.
3. The driver is sitting in the driver’s seat.
4. The parking brake is on.
Make daily inspections to ensure that the safety
system works by attempting to start the engine
when one of the conditions is not met. Change the
conditions and try again.
If the machine starts when one of these conditions
is not met, turn the machine off and repair the safety
system before using the machine again.
Make sure the engine stops when the park brake
is not engaged and the operator leaves the seated
position.
Check that the engine stops if the mower blades are
engaged and the driver temporarily moves off the
drivers seat.
36
8050-020
Start conditions
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
To be able to drive, the driver must sit in the
seat and release the parking brake before
the steering controls can be moved into the
neutral position, otherwise the engine will
stop.
MAINTENANCE
Engine Cooling Air Intake
Check that the engine’s cooling air intake is free from
leaves, grass, and dirt.
If the cooling air intake is clogged, engine cooling
deteriorates, which can lead to engine damage.
The cooling air intakes rotates when the engine is
running. Keep hands away until intake is idle.
Engine Filters and Maintenance
See engine manufacturer’s specifications for cleaning
and replacement intervals.
WARNING!
8011-719
Check and clean the cooling air intake
The engine and the exhaust system,
become very hot during operation. Risk
for burns if touched. Allow engine and
exhaust system to cool at least two (2)
minutes.
Tire Pressures
All tires should be at 15 psi / 103 kPa / 1 bar.
8011-564
Tire pressures
37
MAINTENANCE
Parking Brake
Visually check that no damage is found on the lever,
links, or switch belonging to the parking brake.
Perform a standstill test and check that there is
sufficient braking action.
To adjust the parking brake, contact the Dixon service
workshop.
WARNING!
Faulty adjustments can result in
reduced braking ability and can cause
an accident.
8050-005
V-belts
Check for proper operation of parking brake
Check every 100 hours of operation. Check for severe
cracking and large nicks.
NOTE: The belt will show some small cracks in normal
operation.
The belts are not adjustable. Replace belts if they
begin to slip from wear.
Deck Belt
To replace deck belt
Deck belt removal.
1. Park on a level surface. Apply park brake.
2. Lower the deck to the lowest cutting position.
3. Disengage the clutch by sliding the blade control
lever downwards.
8050-014
Disengage clutch to replace deck belt
4. Carefully lift the belt away from belt keepers and
off deck pulleys and remove from deck.
5. Replace belt (refer to the belt routing decal on the
deck) and re-engage clutch.
8050-013
Check deck belt for excessive wear
38
MAINTENANCE
EZT Belt
To replace EZT belt
Park the mower on a level surface. Engage the park
brake.
EZT belt removal
NOTE: Be careful not to damage the fan blades on
the EZT as this can affect cooling or damage the EZT.
1. Remove the deck belt (see “To replace deck belt”
in this section of the manual).
2. Create slack in the belt by pushing the spring
loaded idler arm inward. Rotate arm to release
belt tension.
3. The belt should now be able to be removed from
the engine pulley and EZT pulleys.
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust system,
become very hot during operation. Risk
for burns if touched. Allow engine and
exhaust system to cool at least two (2)
minutes.
Belt installation
1. Wrap the EZT belt around the EZT pulleys.
2. Route the belt around the inside of the idler pulley.
3. Wrap the belt around the engine pulley.
Cutting Blades
To attain the best mowing effect, it is important that
the blades are well sharpened and not damaged.
Bent or cracked blades or blades with large nicks
should be replaced.
Damaged blades should be replaced when hitting
obstacles that result in a breakdown. Let the service
workshop decide whether the blade can be repaired/
ground or must be replaced.
Balance the blades after sharpening.
Check the blade mounts.
WARNING!
Blades are sharp. Protect your hands
with gloves and/or wrap blades with a
heavy cloth when handling.
The sharpening of blades should be
carried out by an authorized service
workshop.
Blade replacement
• Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
• Install new or resharpened blade with stamped
“GRASS SIDE” facing towards ground/grass
(down) or “THIS SIDE UP” facing deck and cutter
housing.
• Install and tighten blade bolt securely.
• Torque blade bolt to 45-55 ft/lbs (60-75 Nm).
2
3
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
1
Special blade bolt is heat treated.
Replace with a Dixon bolt if required.
Do not use lower grade hardware than
specified.
1. Blade
2. Cutter housing
3. Blade bolt (special)
Blade attachment
8052-007
39
MAINTENANCE
Adjusting the Mower Deck
WARNING!
Before performing any service or adjustment checklist:
1. Engage the parking brake.
2. Place the Blade switch in the disengaged position.
3. Turn ignition switch to “OFF” position and remove the key.
4. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
5. Disconnect the spark plug wire from all spark plugs and place the wire where it cannot
come in contact with the plug.
WARNING!
Blades are sharp. Protect your hands
with gloves and/or wrap blades with a
heavy cloth when handling.
Check the tire pressure before adjustment of the
mower deck. See “Checking Tire Pressure” in
Maintenance section. Faulty mower deck adjustments
will cause an uneven mowing result.
Leveling deck
1. Position the mower on a level, preferably
concrete, surface.
2. Check the pressure in all four tires. See “Technical
Data” section.
3. Rotate blade to align side to side.
4. Turn front adjuster nut(s) to level deck side to
side.
8050-015
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
This procedure will place the mower in a base
measurement position. Additional adjustment
may be required to achieve desired cut for the
type of grass or conditions involved.
40
Side to side adjuster nut
MAINTENANCE
Caster Wheels
Check every 200 hours. Check that wheels rotates
freely. If wheels do not rotate freely take the unit to
your dealer for service.
Foam filled tires or solid tires will void the warranty.
Removal and installation of caster wheel
1. Remove nut (1) and caster bolt (2).
2. Pull the wheel out of the fork and take care of the
sleeve (3) and spacers (4).
3. Install in reverse order. Tighten caster bolt.
1
2
3
4
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
DO NOT add any type of tire liner or foam fill
material to the tires. Excessive loads created
by foam filled tires will cause premature
failures.
8050-001
Caster wheels
Only use O.E.M. specified tires.
Cleaning and Washing
Regular cleaning and washing, especially under the
mower deck, will increase the machine’s life-span.
Make it a habit to clean the machine directly after use
(after it is cooled), before the dirt sticks.
Do not spray water on the top of the mower deck. Use
compressed air to clean the top side of mower deck.
Regularly clean deck and underside of the deck with
normal water pressure. Do not use a high pressure
washer or steam cleaner. Avoid spraying engine and
electrical components with water
Do not rinse hot surfaces with cold water. Let unit cool
before washing.
Use protective glasses when
cleaning and washing.
8050-011
Clean regularly
Hardware
Check daily. Inspect the entire machine for loose or
missing hardware.
41
LUBRICATION
8050-137-1
12/12 Every year
Lubricate with grease gun
1/52 Every Week
Oil change
1/365 Every day
Filter change
General
Remove the ignition key to prevent unintentional
movements during lubrication.
When lubricating with an oil can, it must be filled with
engine oil.
When lubricating with grease, unless otherwise stated,
use a high grade molybdenum disulphide grease.
For daily use, the machine should be lubricated twice
weekly.
Wipe away excess grease after lubrication.
It is important to avoid getting lubricant on the belts
42
Lubricate with oil can
Level check
or the drive surfaces on the belt pulleys. Should this
happen, attempt to clean them with spirits. If the belt
continues to slip after cleaning, it must be replaced.
Gasoline or other petroleum products must not be
used to clean belts.
For engine lubrication, see the engine manufacturer's
Owner's Manual.
LUBRICATION
Front Wheel Mount
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each wheel
mount, until the grease is forced out.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
Grease from well-known brand names (petrochemical
companies, etc.) usually maintains a good quality.
Front Wheel Bearings
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each set of
wheel bearings, until the grease is forced out.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
8050-009
Lubricating the wheel bearings
Deck spindle
Lower the cutting deck completely.
If you use grease gun without rubber hose, remove
the foot plate to access deck spindle zerk.
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk, 2-3 strokes.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Use minimal lubrication and remove excess
lubricant so that is does not come into contact
with belts or belt pulley drive surfaces.
8050-027
Lubricating the deck spindle after removing the foot plate
Steering Control Shafts
Tip the driver’s seat.
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each
steering control shaft, until the grease is forced out.
Use only good quality molybdenum disulphide
grease.
Grease from well-known brand names (petrochemical
companies, etc.) usually maintains a good quality.
8050-021
Lubricating the steering control shafts
43
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Cause
The engine will not start.
Blade lever is engaged.
Steering controls are not locked in neutral position.
Driver is not sitting in driver’s seat.
Parking brake is not activated.
Battery is dead.
Contamination in carburetor or fuel line.
Fuel supply is closed or tap for fuel tank is in wrong
position.
Clogged fuel filter or fuel line.
The starter does not turn the engine over.
Dead battery.
Poor contacts on the battery terminal cable
connections.
Fuse blown.
Ignition system faulty.
Fault in the starter safety circuit. See Checking the
Safety System in the “Maintenance Section”
The engine runs rough.
Faulty carburetor.
Choke control used with warm engine.
Defective valves.
Defective piston, cylinder, piston ring, or
cylinder head seal.
Cylinder head bolts are loose.
Clogged fuel filter or jet.
Clogged ventilation valve on fuel cap.
Fuel tank nearly empty.
Fouled spark plug.
Spark plug is loose.
Defective ignition cable.
Defective spark plug electrode.
Defective spark plug connection.
Rich fuel mixture or fuel-air mixture.
Wrong fuel type.
Water in fuel.
Clogged air filter.
44
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Cause
The engine seems weak.
Clogged air filter.
Fouled spark plugs.
Carburetor incorrectly adjusted.
The engine overheats.
Clogged air intake or cooling fins.
Engine overloaded.
Poor ventilation around engine.
Defective engine speed regulator.
Soot in the combustion chamber.
Too little or no oil in the engine.
Fouled spark plug.
Battery not charging.
Poor contact with battery terminal cable connectors.
The machine moves slowly, unevenly, or not at all.
Parking brake on.
Hydraulic pump bypass linkage engaged.
Drive belt for the transmission gears slack or has
come off.
Defective hydraulic system.
Air in hydraulic system.
Mower deck not engaging.
Drive belt for the mower deck has come loose.
Contact for the electromagnetic coupling has
loosened.
Blade switch is faulty or has come loose, from the
cable contact.
Fuse has blown.
Uneven mowing results.
Different air pressure in the tires on left and right sides.
Bent blades.
Suspension for the mower deck is uneven.
Blades are dull.
Driving speed too high.
Grass is too long.
Grass collected under the mower deck.
The machine vibrates.
Blades are loose.
Blades are incorrectly balanced.
Engine is loose.
45
Storage
Winter Storage
At the end of the mowing season, the machine should
be readied for storage (or if it will not be in use for
longer than 30 days). Fuel allowed to stand for long
periods of time (30 days or more) can leave sticky
residues that can plug the carburetor and disrupt
engine function.
Fuel stabilizers are an acceptable option as regards
to the sticky residues that can occur during storage.
Add stabilizer to the fuel in the tank or in the storage
container. Always use the mixing ratios specified by
the manufacturer of the stabilizer. Run the engine for
at least 10 minutes after adding the stabilizer so that
it reaches the carburetor. Do not empty the fuel tank
and the carburetor if you have added stabilizer
WARNING!
Never store an engine with fuel in the
tank indoors or in poorly ventilated
spaces where fuel vapor can come in
contact with open flames, sparks, or a
pilot light such as in a boiler, hot water
tank, clothes drier, etc. Handle the
fuel with care. It is very flammable and
can cause serious personal injury and
property damage. Drain the fuel into
an approved container outdoors and
far away from open flame. Never use
gasoline for cleaning. Use a degreaser
and warm water instead.
46
To ready the machine for storage, follow these steps:
1. Thoroughly clean the machine, especially under
the mower deck. Touch up damage to the paint
and spray a thin layer of oil on the underside of
the mower deck to avoid corrosion.
2. Inspect the machine for worn or damaged parts
and tighten any nuts or screws that may have
become loose.
3. Change the engine oil; dispose of properly.
4. Empty the fuel tanks or add a fuel stabilizer. Start
the engine and allow it to run until the carburetor
is drained of fuel or the stabilizer has reached the
carburetor.
5. Remove the spark plug and pour about a
tablespoon of engine oil into the cylinder. Turn
over the engine so that the oil is evenly distributed
and then refit the spark plug.
6. Lubricate all grease zerks, joints, and axles.
7. Remove the battery. Clean, charge, and store the
battery in a cool place, but protect it from direct
cold.
8. Store the machine in a clean, dry place and cover
it for extra protection.
Service
When ordering spare parts, please specify the
purchase year, model, type, and serial number.
Always use genuine Dixon spare parts.
An annual checkup at an authorized service workshop
is a good way to ensure that the machine performs its
best the following season.
schematics
8050-050
47
TECHNICAL DATA
SPDZTR 30 and SPDZTR 30 BF
Engine
Manufacturer
Briggs & Stratton
Type
Intek
Power
16 hp*
Lubrication
Pressure with oil filter
Oil capacity excluding filter
1.5 qts/ 1.4 liters
Oil capacity including filter
1.7 qts / 1.6 liters
Engine oil (See viscosity diagram)
SAE 10W30, 10W30, 5W30, API SF-SJ
Fuel
Min 86 octane unleaded (Maxethanol 5%, Max MTBE 15%)
Fuel tank capacity
3 gallons / 11.3 liters
Spark plugs / gap
Briggs & Stratton 5066 / .030" / 0.75 mm
Cooling
Air cooled
Air filter
Standard
Alternator
12V / 16A
Starter
Electric 12V
Transmission
Transmission
EZT Hydro Gear
Speed and direction controls
Dual levers, foam gripped
Speed forward
5.8 mph / 9.3 km/h
Speed reverse
3.3 mph / 5.3 km/h
Brakes
Mechanical parking brake
Front caster tires, smooth tread
11 x 4-5, 4 ply
Rear tires, turf pneumatic
18 x 6.5-8
Tire pressure
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the average
net power output (at specified rpm) of a typical production
engine for the engine model measured to SAE standard
J1349/ISO1585. Mass production engines may differ from
this value. Actual power output for the engine installed
in the final machine will depend on the operating speed,
environmental conditions and other variables.
48
TECHNICAL DATA
Spdztr 30 / 966043101
Frame
Cutting Width
30" / 76 cm
Cutting Height
1½ - 4" / 3.8 - 10.2 cm
Uncut Circle
0
Number of Blades
1
Blade Length
30" / 76 cm
Sprung Seat
Standard
Blade Engagement
Belt idler
Deck Construction
11 gauge stamped
Productivity
1.6 acres /h 5667 m2/h
Dimension
Weight
395 lbs / 179 kg
Base Machine Length
66½" / 169 cm
Base Machine Height
39¼" / 99.6 cm
Base Machine Width
33½" / 85.3 cm
Overall Width, Chute Up
35½" / 90 cm
Overall Width, Chute Down
37" / 94 cm
49
TECHNICAL DATA
Torque Specifications
Engine crankshaft bolt Deck pulley bolts Lug nuts Blade bolt 50 ft/lb (67 Nm)
150 ft/lb (203 Nm)
75 ft/lb (100 Nm)
90 ft/lb (122 Nm)
Standard ¼" fasteners Standard 5/16" fasteners Standard 3/8" fasteners Standard 7/16" fasteners Standard ½” fasteners 9 ft/lb (12 Nm)
18 ft/lb (25 Nm)
33 ft/lb (44 Nm)
52 ft/lb (70 Nm)
80 ft/lb (110 Nm)
HEX HEAD CAP SCREWS
The torque values shown should be used as a general guideline when specific torque values are not given.
U.S. Standard Hardware
Grade
Shank Size (Diameter in inches, fine or coarse thread)
ft./lbs
SAE Grade 5
SAE Grade 8
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
¼
9
12
13
18
/16
18
24
28
3
/8
31
42
/16
50
½
/16
5
/8
Flangelock Screw
w/Flangelock Nut
ft./lbs
Nm
38
24
33
46
62
40
54
68
75
108
75
102
115
156
110
150
165
224
150
203
225
305
¾
250
339
370
502
/8
378
513
591
801
11/8
782
1060
1410
1912
5
7
9
7
** Grade 5 - Minimum commercial quality (lower quality not recommended)
Metric Standard Hardware
Shank Size (Diameter in inches, fine or coarse thread)
Grade
50
Grade 8.8
Grade 10.9
Grade 12.9
ft./lbs
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
M4
1.5
2
2.2
3
2.7
3.6
M5
3
4
4.5
6
5.2
7
M6
5.2
7
7.5
10
8.2
11
M7
8.2
11
12
16
15
20
M8
13.5
18
18.8
25
21.8
29
M10
24
32
35.2
47
43.5
58
M12
43.5
58
62.2
83
75
100
M14
70.5
94
100
133
119
159
M16
108
144
147
196
176
235
M18
142
190
202
269
242
323
M20
195
260
275
366
330
440
M22
276
368
390
520
471
628
M24
353
470
498
664
596
794
M27
530
707
474
996
904
1205
CONForMITY CERTIFICATES
USA requirements
Labels are placed on the engine and/or in the engine
compartment stating that the machine will fulfill the
requirements. This is also applicable to special
requirements for any of the states, (California emission
rules etc.). Do not remove any of these labels.
Certificates can also be supplied with the machine at
delivery or written in the Engine manual. Take care of
them as they are valuable documents.
CE requirements
Vibration data corresponding to Directive 2002/44/EC
is given in the Technical Data Section.
The Declaration of Conformity is included in the
literature packet.
51
WARRANTY
DIXON® ZTR® RESIDENTIAL
SpeedZTR™ and RAM 42 Residential Mowers
DIXON WARRANTS ITS ZTR MOWERS AGAINST DEFECTS IN MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP FOR THE
PERIODS SET FORTH BELOW. THE SOLE REMEDY UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS REPLACEMENT
OR REPAIR OF PARTS INCLUDING LABOR COSTS.
THIS WARRANTY IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS AND LIMITATIONS:
1.RESIDENTIAL WARRANTY (used only at owner’s primary place of residence):
a. First two years - 100% parts and labor subject to the conditions and limitations described herein for a
period of two years from date of purchase by the original owner.
b. Third year - limited to 100% parts cost as shown in the current Dixon® Parts Price List and subject to the
conditions and limitations as described herein.
c. Attachments marketed through or approved by Dixon are warranted for two years parts and labor in
residential use applications.
2.NOT APPROVED FOR COMMERCIAL USE.
3.All Dixon warranty must be accomplished by authorized Dixon dealers and in accordance with Dixon warranty
policy and allowances. All warranty claims must be submitted to Dixon for approval.
4.Warranty applies to new mowers.
5.Warranty labor reimbursement to dealers based on published Dixon flat rate schedule.
6.Warranty does not apply to damage in transit or incidents of misuse, negligence, accidents, or alteration. The
use of parts or components other than those supplied by Dixon VOIDS ALL WARRANTY.
7.Battery warranty is limited to 1 year from mower manufacture date.
8.The following items are not covered by this warranty policy:
a. Routine maintenance or adjustments to include any oils, filters or other fluids used.
b. Belts, blades, tires and cosmetic appearance (paint, seat fade, etc.)
c. Pick up and delivery charges for transportation of mower to and from an authorized Dixon dealer’s place
of business.
d. Engines. These are covered under a separate warranty by each individual engine manufacturer. Consult
engine manual for warranty details.
e. Any costs or expense of providing substitute equipment while repair work is being performed on a
warranted mower.
9.THERE IS NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY. TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ALL IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE EXCLUDED, OTHERWISE, ALL SUCH IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME DURATION
AND REMEDIES AS THE EXPRESS WARRANTY. ALL LIABILITIES FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES UNDER
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY ARE EXCLUDED.
52
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
Delivery Service
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
Charge battery.
Adjust tire pressure of all wheels according to Technical Data.
Mount the steering controls in the normal position.
Connect the contact box to the cable for the seat’s safety switch.
Check that the right amount of oil is in the engine.
Adjust the position of the steering controls.
Fill with fuel and open the fuel shut off valve.
Start the engine.
Check that there is drive to both wheels.
Check the mower deck adjustment.
Check:
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
The safety switch for the parking brake.
The safety switch for the mower deck.
The safety switch in the seat.
The safety switch in the steering controls.
Parking brake functionality.
Driving forward.
Driving backward.
Engaging the blades.
Check the idle speed.
Check the engine high idle speed
Inform the customer about:
r
r
r
The need and advantages of following the service schedule.
The effects of service and maintaining a service journal on the
machine’s resale value.
Application areas for mulching.
Fill in the sales papers.
Delivery service has been
carried out. No remaining
notes.
Certified:
53
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
After the First 5-8 Hours
r
Change engine oil.
25-Hour Service
Check the fuel pump’s air filter.
Check the hydraulic system’s oil level.
Check the tire pressures.
Lubricate the belt adjuster, mower deck.
Lubricate the belt adjuster, hydraulic pumps.
Check/clean the engine’s cooling air intake.
Clean air filter dust cap.
54
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
50-Hour Service
Perform the 25-hour service.
Clean/replace the air cleaner’s filter cartridge (paper filter)
(shorter intervals for dusty operating conditions).
Change engine oil.
Lubricate according to lubrication chart.
Check/adjust the parking brake.
r
r
r
r
r
Replace the fuel filter.
100-Hour Service
Perform the 25-hour service.
Perform the 50-hour service.
Change the engine oil filter.
Clean/replace the spark plugs.
Replace the fuel filter.
Clean the cooling fins on the engine and transmission.
Check V-belts.
Check tighten caster wheel axle bolts (every 200 hours).
Change the air filter’s paper cartridge.
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
55
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
100-Hour Service
Perform the 25-hour service.
Perform the 50-hour service.
Perform the 100-hour service.
Check/adjust the mower deck.
Clean the combustion chamber and grind the valve seats.
Check the engine valve clearance.
Replace the air cleaner’s prefilter (foam).
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
At Least Once Each Year
Clean the engine’s cooling air intake (25 hours).
Replace the air cleaner’s pre-filter (foam) (300 hours).
Replace the air filter’s paper cartridge.
Change the engine oil (50 hours).
Replace the engine oil filter (100 hours).
Check/adjust the cutting height.
Check/adjust the parking brake (50 hours).
Check tighten caster wheel axle bolts (every 200 hours).
Clean/change the spark plugs (100 hours).
Change the fuel filter (100 hours).
Clean the cooling fins (100 hours).
Check the engine valve clearance.
56
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
r
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
57
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
58
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
P/N 115 161527R2
09/25/09