Dixon 966038601 Lawn Mower User Manual

Operator Manual
RAM 52ZT / 966038601
RAM 48ZT / 966495301
RAM 52ZT BF / 966054301 RAM 48ZT BF / 966495401
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you
understand the instructions before using the machine.
©2009 HTC. All rights reserved.
Beatrice, NE. Printed in U.S.A.
Contents
Introduction........................................................5
Driving and Transport on Public Roads................5
Towing...................................................................5
Operating..............................................................5
Good Service........................................................6
Symbols and Decals..........................................7
Safety......................................................................9
Safety Instructions.................................................9
Personal Safety Equipment.................................11
Slope Operation..................................................11
Safe Handling of Gasoline..................................13
General Maintenance..........................................14
Transport.............................................................16
Customer Responsibilities...................................16
Controls.............................................................17
Motion Control Levers.........................................18
Tracking...............................................................18
Cutting Height Adjuster.......................................19
Throttle Control....................................................19
Choke Control.....................................................19
Ignition Switch.....................................................20
Hour Meter..........................................................20
Blade switch........................................................20
Fuses...................................................................21
Fuel Shut Off Valve..............................................21
Parking Brake......................................................21
Fuel Tank.............................................................22
Seat Adjustment Lever........................................22
Operation............................................................23
Training................................................................23
Steering...............................................................23
Before Starting....................................................24
Starting the Engine..............................................24
Weak Battery.......................................................28
Jumper Cables.................................................28
Running...............................................................29
Operating On Hills...............................................30
Mowing Tips........................................................31
Stopping the Engine............................................32
Manual Transport................................................33
Bypass Linkages..............................................33
Maintenance.......................................................34
Maintenance Schedule.......................................34
Battery.................................................................36
Ignition System....................................................37
Safety System......................................................37
Engine Cooling Air Intake....................................38
Throttle Cable......................................................38
Choke Cable.......................................................38
Air Filter...............................................................39
Briggs & Stratton Engine..................................39
Kohler Engine...................................................40
Fuel Filter.............................................................41
Fuel Pump Air Filter.............................................41
Tire Pressures......................................................41
Parking Brake......................................................42
V-belts.................................................................42
Pump Belt.........................................................43
Cutting Blades.....................................................44
Blade Replacement.........................................44
Adjusting the Mower Deck..................................45
Leveling deck...................................................45
Anti-scalp rollers..............................................46
Cleaning..............................................................47
Caster Wheels.....................................................47
Hardware.............................................................47
Parking Brake Adjustment...................................48
Tracking Adjustment............................................48
Lubrication.........................................................49
Lubrication Schedule..........................................49
Front Wheel Mount..............................................50
Front Wheel Bearings..........................................50
Deck Spindles.....................................................50
Engine Oil............................................................51
Engine Oil Levels.............................................51
Changing the Engine Oil..................................52
Transaxle (Transmission) Fluid Change..............53
Purging................................................................54
Trouble Shooting............................................55
Storage................................................................57
Winter Storage.....................................................57
Service................................................................57
Schematic............................................................58
Technical Data...................................................59
Accessories.........................................................59
Torque Specifications..........................................59
CONFORMITY CERTIFICATES................................62
WARRANTY.............................................................63
Service Journal................................................64
WARNING!
Failure to follow cautious operating practices can result in serious injury to the
operator or other persons. The owner must understand these instructions, and must
allow only trained persons who understand these instructions to operate the mower.
Each person operating the mower must be of sound mind and body and must not be
under the influence of any mind altering substance.
WARNING!
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or
other reproductive harm.
WARNING!
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds,
chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations
Towing
Thank you for purchasing a Dixon ride-on mower.
This machine is built for superior efficiency to
rapidly mow primarily large areas. A control panel
easily accessible to the operator and a hydrostatic
transmission regulated by steering controls both
contribute to the machine’s performance.
This manual is a valuable document. Read the
contents carefully before using or servicing the
machine. The following of instructions (use, service,
maintenance, etc.) by all who operate this machine
is important for the safety of the operator and others.
It can also considerably increase the life span of the
machine and increase its resale value.
If you sell your machine, be sure to give the operator’s
manual to the new owner.
The final chapter of this operator’s manual provides a
Service Journal. Ensure that service and repair work
are documented. A well-kept service journal reduces
service costs for the maintenance and affects the
machine’s resale value. Please contact your dealer for
more information. Take the operator’s manual along
when the machine is taken to your dealer for service.
If machine is equipped with a tow hitch, use extreme
caution when towing. Never allow children or others in
or on the towed equipment. Make wide turns to avoid
jack-knifing. Travel slowly and allow extra distance to
stop.
Do not tow on sloped ground. The weight of the towed
equipment may cause loss of traction and loss of
control.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendation for weight
limits for towed equipment. Do not tow near ditches,
canals, and other hazards.
General
In this operator’s manual, left and right, backward and
forward are used in relation to the machine’s normal
driving direction.
Continuous dedication to improve our products
require that specifications and design are subject to
change without notice.
Driving and Transport on Public Roads
Check applicable road traffic regulations before
transporting on public roads. If the machine is
transported, you must always use approved fastening
equipment and ensure that the machine is well
anchored. DO NOT operate this machine on public
roadways.
Operating
This machine is constructed only for mowing grass
on lawns and even ground without obstacles such
as stones, tree stumps, etc. The machine can also
be used for other tasks when equipped with special
accessories provided by the manufacturer. Operating
instructions for the accessories are provided with
delivery. All other types of uses are incorrect. The
manufacturer’s directions concerning operation,
maintenance, and repairs must be carefully followed.
Lawn mowers and all power equipment, can be
potentially dangerous if used improperly. Safety
requires good judgement, careful use in accordance
with these instructions and common sense.
The machine must only be operated, maintained,
and repaired by persons familiar with the
machine’s special characteristics and who are also
knowledgeable about the safety instructions. Use only
approved repair parts to maintain this machine.
Accident prevention regulations, other general safety
regulations, occupational safety rules, and traffic
regulations must be followed without fail.
Unauthorized modifications to the design of the
machine may absolve the manufacturer from liability
for any resulting personal injury or property damage.
5
INTRODUCTION
Good Service
Dixon’s products are sold only in specialized retail stores with complete service. This ensures that you as
a customer receive only the best support and service. Before the product is delivered, the machine has,
for example, been inspected and adjusted by your retailer. See the certificate in the Service Journal in this
operator’s manual.
When you need spare parts or support in service questions, warranty issues, etc., please consult the following
professional:
This Operator’s Manual belongs to the machine with
the manufacturing number:
Engine
Manufacturing Number
The machine’s manufacturing number can be found on the printed plate affixed to the right in the engine
compartment. Stated on the plate, from the top are:
• The machine’s type designation (I.D.).
• The manufacturer’s type number (Model).
• The machine’s serial number (Serial no.)
Please have the type designation and serial number available when ordering spare parts.
The engine’s manufacturing number is stamped on one of the valve covers.
The plate states:
• The engine’s model.
• The engine’s type.
• Code
Please have these available when ordering spare parts.
6
symbols and decals
These symbols are found on the machine and in the operator’s manual.
Study them carefully so that you know what they mean.
WARNING!
Xxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxx
xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxx. xx
xxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk of personal injury or death, particularly if the reader should
neglect to follow instructions given in the manual.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Xxxx xxxxxx xxxxx xxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxx
xxxxxxxxx. xx xxxxxxxx xxxx xxxxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk of material damage, particularly if the reader should neglect
to follow instructions given in the manual. Used also when there is a potential for misuse or misassembly.
R N
Reverse
NeutralFast
Warning!
Parking Brake
CE conformity
marking. Only for
European market
Slow
ChokeFuel
Warning! Rotating blades, Do not touch parts
keep away from the
discharge deck
Battery acid is corrosive, explosive and flammableDo not stand here
Use protective glasses
Use protective gloves
Noise emissions to the
surroundings in accordance
with the European Union’s
directive. The machine’s
emission is stated in the
chapter TECHNICAL DATA
and on the decals.
Only machines for European
market
7
symbols and decals
Read
Operator’s
Manual
Shut off engine and
remove key before
performing any
maintenance or repair work
Keep a safe
distance from
the machine
Whole body
Severing of fingersDo not open or exposure to
and toes
remove safety
thrown objects
shields while
engine is running
Moving sharp blades under cover
8
Use on slopes
no greater
than 10°
No passengers
Careful backing up,
watch for other
people
Careful going
forward, watch for
other people
SAFETY
Safety Instructions
These instructions are for your safety. Read them carefully.
WARNING!
This symbol means that important safety instructions need to be emphasized. It concerns
your safety.
IMPORTANT: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING
OBJECTS. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS
INJURY OR DEATH.
General Operation
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions on
the machine and in the manual before starting.
• Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts or
under the machine. Keep clear of the discharge
opening at all times.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar
with the instructions, to operate the machine.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blades.
• Be sure the area is clear of bystanders before
operating. Stop machine if anyone enters the
area.
• Never carry passengers. The machine is only
intended for use by one person.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind before
and while backing.
• Never direct discharged material toward anyone.
Avoid discharging material against a wall or
obstruction. Material may ricochet back toward
the operator. Stop the blades when crossing
gravel surfaces.
• Do not operate machine without the entire grass
catcher, discharge guard, or other safety devices
in place and working
• Slow down before turning.
• Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop
engine, and remove keys before dismounting.
• Disengage blades when not mowing. Shut
off engine and wait for all parts to come to a
complete stop before cleaning the machine,
removing the grass catcher, or unclogging the
discharge guard.
• Operate machine only in daylight or good artificial
light.
• Do not operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
8011-512
Read the operator’s manual before starting the machine
8011-513
Clear the area of objects before mowing
9
SAFETY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
10
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
Always wear eye protection when operating
machine.
Data indicates that operators age 60 years and
above are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and others
from serious injury.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
wheel weights or counterweights.
Anyone who operates this machine must first read
and understand this Operation Manual. Local laws
may regulate the age of the user.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves or other
debris buildup which can touch the hot exhaust
or engine parts and burn. Do not allow the mower
deck to plow leaves or other debris, causing
buildup to occur.
Clean any oil or fuel spillage before operating or
storing the machine.
Allow machine to cool before storage.
8011-520
Never take passengers
WARNING!
Engine exhaust and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive system
damage. The engine exhaust contains
carbon monoxide, which is a odorless,
colorless, poisonous gas. Do not use
the machine in enclosed spaces.
SAFETY
Personal Safety Equipment
WARNING!
When using the machine, approved personal protective equipment (shown in illustrations)
shall be used. Personal protective equipment cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will
reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen. Ask your retailer for help in choosing
the right equipment.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Make sure that you have first aid equipment close
at hand when using the machine.
Never use the machine when barefoot.
Always wear protective shoes or boots, preferably
with steel toe caps.
Always wear approved protective glasses or a full
visor when assembling or driving.
Always wear gloves when handling the blades.
Never wear loose clothing that can get caught in
moving parts.
Use ear protectors to avoid damage to hearing.
Slope Operation
Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. Operation on all slopes requires extra caution.
If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy
on it, do not mow it.
• Mow up and down slopes (10 degrees maximum),
not across.
• Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or other
hidden objects. Uneven terrain could overturn the
machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Choose a low ground speed so that you will not
have to stop while on the slope.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Tires may lose traction.
• Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope. If
the tires lose traction, disengage the blades and
proceed slowly straight down the slope.
• Keep movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or
direction, which could cause machine to roll over.
• Use extra care while operating machine with
grass catchers or other attachments; they can
affect the stability of the machine.
• Do not use on steep slopes.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting a
foot on the ground.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments. The machine could suddenly roll
over if a wheel is over the edge or if the edge
caves in.
8011-670a
Personal protective equipment
6003-004
Mow up and down, not side to side
WARNING!
Do not drive up or down hills with
slopes greater than 10 degrees. And
do not drive across any slopes.
11
SAFETY
Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not
alert to the presence of children. Children are often
attracted to the machine and the mowing activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you last
saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and in the
watchful care of a responsible adult other than the
operator.
• Be alert and turn machine off if a child enters the
area.
• Before and while backing, look behind and down
for small children.
• Never carry children, even with the blades shut
off. They may fall off and be seriously injured or
interfere with safe machine operation. Children
who have been given rides in the past may
suddenly appear in the mowing area for another
ride and be run over or backed over by the
machine.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may block your
view of a child.
8011-509
Be extra cautious when driving on slopes
8011-517
Never allow children to operate the machine
8011-518
Keep children away from work area
12
SAFETY
WARNING!
The engine must not be started when the driver’s floor plate or any protective plate for the
mower deck’s drive belt is removed.
Safe Handling of Gasoline
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use
extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.
• Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
• Use only approved gasoline container.
• Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool at least two (2)
minutes before refueling.
• Never fuel the machine indoors.
• Never store the machine or fuel container where
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such
as on a water heater or other appliance.
• Before you begin refueling, minimize the risk of
static electricity by touching a metal surface.
• Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck
or trailer bed with plastic liner. Always place
containers on the ground away from the vehicle
when filling.
• Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck
or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not
possible, refuel such equipment with a portable
container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser
nozzle.
• Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel
tank or container opening at all times until fueling
is complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open
device.
• If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing
immediately.
• Never overfill fuel tank. Replace gas cap and
tighten securely.
• Do not start the engine near spilled fuel.
• Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
• If leaks arise in fuel system, engine must not be
started until problem has been resolved.
• Check the fuel level before each use and leave
space for the fuel to expand, as the heat from the
engine and the sun may otherwise cause the fuel
to expand and overflow.
8011-516
Never fill the fuel tank indoors
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust system
become very hot during operation.
There is risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust system to
cool at least two (2) minutes before
refueling.
13
SAFETY
General Maintenance
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
14
Never use the machine indoors or in spaces
lacking proper ventilation. The exhaust fumes
contain carbon monoxide, an odorless,
poisonous, and lethal gas.
Keep all nuts and bolts tight to be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other
debris buildup. Clean oil or fuel spillage and
remove any fuel-soaked debris. Allow machine to
cool before storing.
If you strike a foreign object, stop and inspect the
machine. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
Never make any adjustments or repairs with the
engine running.
Check grass catcher components and the
discharge guard frequently and replace with
manufacturer’s recommended parts, when
necessary.
The blades are sharp and can cause cuts and
gashes. Wrap the blades or use protective gloves
when handling them.
Check the parking brake’s functionality regularly.
Adjust and service as necessary.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels,
as necessary.
Do not modify safety equipment. Check regularly
to be sure it works properly. The machine must not
be driven with defective or unmounted protective
plates, protective cowlings, safety switches, or
other protective devices.
Do not change the settings of governors and
avoid running the engine with overly high engine
speeds. If you run the engine too fast, you risk
damaging the machine components.
Be very careful when handling battery acid. Acid
on skin can cause serious corrosive burns. If you
spill battery acid on your skin, rinse immediately
with water.
Acid in the eyes can cause blindness, contact a
doctor immediately.
Be careful when servicing the battery. Explosive
gases form in the battery. Never perform
maintenance on the battery when smoking or near
open flames or sparks.
The battery can explode and cause serious injury
or damage.
8011-515
Never drive the machine in an enclosed space
WARNING!
Use protective glasses for
maintenance work.
WARNING!
The battery contains lead and lead
compounds, chemicals that are
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive
system damage. Wash your hands
after handling the battery.
SAFETY
•
•
•
Ensure that nuts and bolts, especially the
fastening bolts for the blade attachments,
are properly tightened, torqued and that the
equipment is in good condition.
The machine is tested and approved only with the
equipment originally provided or recommended
by the manufacturer. Only use approved repair
parts for the machine.
The mulch blades should only be used in familiar
areas when higher quality mowing is desired.
6003-009
Do not smoke when performing maintenance on the battery.
The battery can explode and cause serious injury/damage.
Sparking can occur when working with the battery
and the heavy cables of the starter circuit. This can
cause battery explosion, fire or eye injury. Sparking
in this circuit can not occur after the chassis cable
(normally negative, black) is removed from the battery.
WARNING!
Avoid electrical sparking and its
consequences by the following
routines:
•
•
•
•
•
Use protective goggles.
Ensure that the fuel filler cap is mounted tightly
and no flammable substances are stored in an
open vessel.
Never work with the starter circuit if there is spilled
fuel.
Disconnect the chassis cable from the battery first
and reconnect it last.
Do not make a bridge short circuit across the
starter relay to run the starter.
8009-728
Risk of sparking
15
SAFETY
•
Regularly clean deck and underside of deck,
avoid spraying engine and electrical components
with water.
Transport
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The machine is heavy and can cause serious
crushing injuries. Be extra cautious when it is
loaded on or unloaded from a vehicle or trailer.
Use an approved trailer to transport the machine.
Activate the parking brake, turn off the fuel supply,
and fasten the machine with approved fastening
devices, such as bands, chains, or straps, when
transporting.
Do not operate this machine on public roadways.
Check and abide by local traffic regulations
before transporting the machine on any road.
Do not tow this machine, it may cause damage to
the drive system.
Do not tow any trailers, etc. with this mower. They
may jackknife or overturn causing damage to the
mower and possibly serious injury to the operator.
Load the unit onto truck or trailer by driving up
ramps of suitable strength using a slow speed. Do
not lift! The machine is not intended to be lifted by
hand.
Customer Responsibilities
•
•
Read and observe the safety rules.
Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring
for and using your mower.
• Follow the instructions under Maintenance and
Storage sections of this owner’s manual.
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through
your authorized Dixon dealer.
8011-514
Regularly clean deck
WARNING!
Escaping hydraulic oil under pressure
can have sufficient force to penetrate
the skin, causing serious injury.
If injured by escaping fluid, see a
doctor at once. Serious infection
or reaction can develop if proper
medical treatment is not administered
immediately.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The parking brake is not sufficient to lock the
machine in place during transport. Ensure that
the machine is well fastened to the transport
vehicle. Always reverse the machine onto the
transport vehicle to avoid tipping it over.
WARNING!
This mower is equipped with an
internal combustion engine and
should not be used on or near any
unimproved wooded, bush-covered
or grass-covered land unless the
engine’s exhaust system is equipped
with a spark arrester meeting
applicable local or state laws (if any).
If a spark arrester is used, it should be
maintained in effective working order
by the operator.
16
CONTROLS
This operator’s manual describes the Dixon Zero Turn
Rider. The rider is fitted with a Kohler or Briggs &
Stratton four-stroke overhead valve engine developing
24-26* horse power.
Transmission from the engine is made via two
belt-driven hydraulic pumps, which in turn drive a
hydraulic motor for each drive wheel. Using the left
and right steering controls, the flow is regulated and
thereby the direction and speed.
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the average net power
production engines may differ from this value. Actual power output
for the engine installed in the final machine will depend on the
operating speed, environmental conditions and other variables.
output (at specified rpm) of a typical production engine for the
engine model measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass
Control Locations
11
12
1
2
10
9
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
Motion control levers
Seat adjustment lever
Cutting height adjuster
Throttle control
Choke control
Ignition switch
6
5
4
3
7. Hour meter
8. Blade switch
9. Fuses
10. Fuel shut off valve
11. Fuel tank cap
12. Parking brake
17
CONTROLS
Motion Control Levers
The machine’s speed and direction are continuously
variable using the two steering controls. The steering
controls can be moved forward or backward about
a neutral position. Furthermore, there is a neutral
position, which is locked if the steering controls are
moved outward.
When both controls are in the neutral position (N), the
machine stands still.
By moving both controls an equal amount forward
or backward, the machine moves in a straight line
forward or backward respectively.
In order, for example, to turn right while moving
forward, move the right control towards the neutral
position. The rotation of the right wheel is reduced and
the machine turns to the right.
Zero turn can be achieved by moving one control
backward (behind the neutral position) and carefully
moving the other steering control forward from its
neutral position. The rotation direction when zero
turning is determined by which steering control is
moved backward behind the neutral position. If the left
steering control is pulled backward, the machine turns
to the left. Use extra care when using this maneuver.
If the steering controls are in uneven positions when
standing still or do not fit in the slots for moving the
controls outward, they can be adjusted.
8058-022
Steering controls - neutral position
WARNING!
The machine can turn very rapidly if
one steering control is moved much
further forward than the other.
8061-020
Steering controls - neutral locked position
1
Tracking
If the mower is not tracking straight, check the
air pressure in both rear tires. Recommended air
pressure is 15 psi. (1 bar) Tracking must be checked
on a flat and level concrete or blacktop surface. If the
unit still does not track straight contact your Dixon
workshop for adjustments.
2
3
4
1. Forward
2. Neutral
3. Neutral slot, Neutral lock
4. Reverse
Motion control lever, right side
18
8011-7912a
CONTROLS
Cutting Height Adjuster
The deck cutting height is obtained by pressing
the button on the lift lever and pulling backward
to lift the deck. To lower the deck, push button on
the lift lever and push forward allowing the deck
to lower to the correct cutting height. The cutting
height range is from 1½" (38mm) to 4" (102mm) in ½
(13mm) increments. The heights are measured from
the ground up to the blade tip with the engine not
running.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Always use the high position to transport.
8050-838
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The mower deck’s cutting height adjuster
In order to obtain an even cutting height it is
important that the air pressure in all four tires
is the same 15 psi (1 bar).
Throttle Control
The throttle control regulates the engine speed and
thereby the rate of rotation of the blades, assuming
the blade switch is pulled out, see Engaging the
Mower Deck.
In order to increase or decrease the engine speed,
the control is moved forward or back respectively.
Avoid idling the engine for long periods, as there is a
risk of fouling the spark plugs.
USE FULL THROTTLE WHEN MOWING, for best
mower performance and battery charging.
8050-839
Throttle control
Choke Control
The choke control is used for cold starts in order to
provide the engine with a richer fuel mixture.
For cold starts the control should be pushed to the on
position.
8050-839
Choke control
19
CONTROLS
Ignition Switch
The ignition key is placed on the control panel and is
used to start and stop the engine.
8050-839
Ignition switch
Hour Meter
The hour meter displays the total operating time.
It will flash CHG OIL (Change Oil) at 50 hour intervals.
The flash duration is one hour before and one hour
after the interval. The CHG OIL icon will come on
and shut off automatically. The hour meter can not be
manually reset.
8050-839
Hour meter
Blade switch
In order to engage the mower deck, pull the knob out;
the mower blades are disengaged when the knob is
depressed.
8050-839
Blade switch
20
CONTROLS
Fuses
Fuses are located on the left hand side of the
machine. They are accessed by tilting the seat
forward. They are flat pin fuses of the same type used
in automobiles.
There are two fuses with ratings and functions:
20 Amp Primary fuse
7.5 Amp Mower deck coupling
8011-420
Fuses
Fuel Shut Off Valve
The fuel shut off valve is located at the right rear of the
seat. The valve is off when the handle tab is turned
perpendicular to the fuel line.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The machine must stand absolutely still when
applying the parking brake. Always set the
parking brake before dismounting. Release the
parking brake before moving the mower.
8011-419
Fuel shut off valve in the CLOSED position
Parking Brake
The parking brake is found on the left of the machine.
Push the release button and pull the lever backward
to activate the brake—push forward to release it.
The park brake is designed to hold the mower from
moving and is not intended for use in stopping the
mower while it is in motion. The engine will stop if the
park brake is engaged while the control levers are in
the drive position.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not rely solely on the parking brake to
when transporting the mower. Use straps to
secure.
8058-020
Released parking brake
21
CONTROLS
Fuel Tank
The machine has one fuel tank, just behind the seat.
The tank capacity is 4.5 gallons (17 liters).
The engine will run on a minimum of 85-octane
unleaded gasoline (no oil mix). Environmentally
adapted alkylate gasoline can be used. See also
Technical Data concerning ethanol fuel. Methanol fuel
is not allowed.
When operating below 32°F (0°C) use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help insure good cold
weather starting.
WARNING!
Fill to the bottom of the filler neck. Do
not overfill. Wipe off any spilled oil or
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
near an open flame.
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust system,
become very hot during operation.
Risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust system to
cool at least two (2) minutes before
refueling.
8058-833
Fuel tank
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Experience indicates that alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohol, ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation and
formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas
can damage the fuel system of an engine while
in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel
system should be emptied before storage of
30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the
engine and let it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel the next
season. See Storage Instructions for additional
information. Never use engine or carburetor
cleaners in the fuel tank or permanent damage
may occur.
Seat Adjustment Lever
The seat can be adjusted lengthways. When making
adjustments, the lever under the front edge of the
seat is moved to the left (as seen by the driver in the
seat), after which the seat can be moved backward or
forward.
8011-441
Seat adjustment
22
operation
Read Safety Instructions section and following pages,
if you are unfamiliar with the machine.
Training
Zero turn mowers are far more maneuverable than
typical riding mowers due to their unique steering
capabilities.
We suggest that this section be reviewed in its entirety
prior to attempting to move the mower under its own
power. Additionally, we suggest when first operating
the mower, use a reduced throttle speed and reduced
ground speed by NOT moving control levers to the
furthest forward or reverse positions during initial
operation, or until operator becomes comfortable
with controls. We also suggest first time users, or new
users to Zero Turn mowers to become familiar with
the mower’s movement on a hard surface, such as
concrete or blacktop PRIOR to attempting to operate
on turf. Until operator becomes comfortable with
mower controls and zero turning capability, they may
damage turf due to overly aggressive maneuvers.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
When control levers are in the reverse position
they return to neutral when released. This may
cause the mower to suddenly stop.
at this time, rotate control levers inward. As long
as the control levers have not been moved forward
or backwards, mower will not move. Slowly move
both control levers forward slightly. This will allow
mower to start moving forward in a straight line. Pull
back on control levers to the neutral position and
mower should stop moving. Pull back slightly on
control levers, this will allow mower to start moving
backwards. Push forward on control levers to the
neutral position and mower should stop moving.
To turn to the right
While moving in a forward direction, pull the right lever
back towards the neutral position while maintaining
the position of the left lever, this will slow the rotation
of the right wheel and cause the machine to turn in
that direction.
To turn to the left
While moving in a forward direction pull the left lever
back towards the neutral position while maintaining
the position of the right lever, this will slow the rotation
of the left wheel and cause the machine to turn in that
direction.
To zero turn
While moving in a forward direction, first pull both
control levers back until the mower stops or slows
dramatically. Then by alternating one lever slightly
to the forward position and the other in the reverse
position.
Steering
To move forward and backward
The direction and speed of the mower’s movements
is effected by the movement of the control lever(s)
on each side of mower. The left control lever controls
the left wheel. The right control lever controls the right
wheel.
First time users should push mower (see Moving by
Hand in the Operation section) to an open, flat area,
without other people or vehicles/obstacles nearby. In
order to move unit under its own power, the operator
must be in the seat, start engine (see Before Starting
in Operation section), adjust engine speed to idle,
disengage parking brake, do not engage blades
23
operation
Before Starting
•
Read the sections Safety Instructions and
Controls before starting the machine.
• Perform the daily maintenance before starting
(see Maintenance Schedule in the Maintenance
section).
• Check that there is sufficient fuel in the fuel tank.
• Adjust the seat to the desired position.
The following conditions must be fulfilled before the
engine can be started:
• The blade switch for engaging the mower blades
must be depressed.
• The parking brake must be on.
• Both steering controls must be in the locked
(outer) neutral position.
8050-825
Cut height lift lever
Starting the Engine
•
•
•
Sit on the seat.
Raise the mower deck by pushing the release
button on the top of the lifting lever. Pull the lifting
lever backward to the locked (transport) position.
Activate the parking brake by pushing the release
button in and pulling the lever fully upwards.
8058-020
Released parking brake
Disengage the mower blades by depressing the
blade switch.
8050-839
Disengage mower blades
24
operation
Move the steering controls outward to the locked
(outer) neutral position.
8061-020
Place controls in neutral, locked position
Move the throttle to the middle position.
8050-817-1
Set the throttle
If the engine is cold, push the choke lever to ON.
8050-817-1
Set the choke control
25
operation
Open the fuel valve for the fuel tank.
8011-419-1
Fuel shut off valve in the OPEN position
Press in and turn the ignition key to the start position.
STOP
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not run the starter for more than 5 seconds
each time. If the engine does not start, wait
about 10 seconds before retrying.
8011-419-1
Turn to the start position
When the engine starts, immediately release the
ignition key back to the run position.
STOP
8011-419-1
Return to run position
26
operation
Gradually pull choke control back when the engine
has started.
8050-817-1
Release choke
Set the desired engine speed with the throttle. Allow
the engine to run at a moderate speed (half throttle)
for 3-5 minutes before loading it too heavily. USE
FULL THROTTLE WHEN MOWING (no choke).
WARNING!
Engine exhaust and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive system
damage. The engine exhaust contains
carbon monoxide, which is a odorless,
colorless, poisonous gas. Do not use
the machine in enclosed spaces.
8050-817-1
Set engine speed
27
operation
Weak Battery
WARNING!
Lead-acid batteries generate
explosive gases. Keep sparks,
flame and smoking materials
away from batteries. Always
wear eye protection when around
batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should
be recharged. (See Battery in the Maintenance
section.)
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Your mower is equipped with a 12-volt
negative grounded system. The other vehicle
must also be a 12-volt negative grounded
system. Do not use your mower to start other
vehicles.
8011-642
Jumper cable connection
If jumper cables are used for emergency starting,
follow this procedure:
Jumper Cables
1. Connect each end of the RED cable to the
POSITIVE (+) terminal on each battery, taking
care not to short against chassis.
2. Connect one end of the BLACK cable to the
NEGATIVE (-) terminal of the fully charged
battery.
3. Connect the other end of the BLACK cable
to a good CHASSIS GROUND on the mower
with the discharged battery, away from the fuel
tank and battery.
To remove cables, reverse order
1. Remove BLACK cable first from chassis and
then from the fully charged battery.
2. Remove RED cable last from both batteries.
28
operation
Running
1. Release the parking brake by moving the lever
downward.
Your mower is equipped with an operator
presence system. When the engine is running,
any attempt by the operator to leave the seat
without first setting the parking brake will shut
off the engine.
2. Move the steering controls to the neutral
position (N).
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The mower deck’s anti-scalp rollers should be
evenly adjusted.
8058-020
Released parking brake
3. Set retaining pin into selected cutting height
and secure the opposite side with a cotter
hairpin.
WARNING!
Ensure that no one is near mower
when engaging blade switch. Make
sure the work area is free from objects
that could be thrown by the rotating
blades.
8058-024
Secure selected cutting height
4. Push the release button on the cutting height
lever and move lever to the pin, release the
button.
5. Set the cutting height with the cutting height
adjustment lever.
8058-019
Mower deck lifting lever
29
operation
6. Engage the mower deck by pulling out the
blade switch.
7. Move throttle control to full throttle (not choke).
The machine’s speed and direction are
continuously variable using the two steering
controls. When both controls are in the neutral
position, the machine stands still.
By moving both controls an equal amount
forward or backward, the machine moves in a
straight line forward or backward respectively.
In order, for example, to turn right while
moving forward, move the right control
towards the neutral position. The rotation of the
right wheel is reduced and the machine turns
to the right.
Turning on the spot can be achieved by
moving one control backward (behind the
neutral position) and carefully moving the
other steering control forward from its neutral
position.
8050-781
Set blade engagement and throttle control
Operating On Hills
Read Slope Operation in the Safety section.
WARNING!
Do not drive up or down hills with
slopes greater than 10 degrees. Do not
drive across slopes.
•
The slowest speed possible should be used
before starting up or down hills.
Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.
If stopping is absolutely necessary, pull drive
levers into the neutral position and push to the
outside of the unit and engage the parking brake.
To restart movement, release the parking brake.
•
•
•
8061-020
Place controls in neutral position
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Control levers return to neutral when released.
This may cause the mower to suddenly stop.
•
•
Pull the control levers back to the center of the
mower and press forward to regain forward
motion.
Make all turns slowly.
8058-020
Released parking brake
30
operation
Mowing Tips
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Observe and flag rocks and other fixed objects to
avoid collisions.
Begin with a high cutting height and reduce it
until the desired mowing result is attained.
The average lawn should be cut to 2½” (64 mm)
during the cool season and over 3” (76 mm)
during the hot months. For healthier and better
looking lawns, mow often after moderate growth.
For best cutting performance, grass over 6” (15
cm) in height should be mowed twice. Make the
first cut relatively high; the second to the desired
height.
The mowing result will be best with a high engine
speed (the blades rotate rapidly) and low speed
(the rider moves slowly). If the grass is not
too long and dense, the driving speed can be
increased without negatively affecting the mowing
result.
The finest lawns are obtained by mowing often.
The lawn becomes more even and the grass
clippings more evenly distributed over the mown
area. The total time taken is not increased as a
higher operating speed can be used without poor
mowing results.
Avoid mowing wet lawns. The mowing result is
poorer because the wheels sink into the soft lawn,
clumps build, and the grass clippings fasten
under the cowling.
Hose the mower deck underside with water after
each use. When cleaning, the mower deck shall
be raised into the transport position. Make sure
the mower is cooled and the engine is off.
Use compressed air to clean top surface of the
deck. Avoid flooding water on top surface, engine
and electrical components.
When the mulching kit is used, it is important that
the mowing interval is frequent.
WARNING!
Clear the lawn of stones and other
objects that can be thrown out by the
blades.
8050-819
Mowing pattern
WARNING!
Never drive the rider on terrain that
slopes more than 10 degrees. Mow
slopes up and down, never side
to side. Avoid sudden directional
changes.
31
operation
Stopping the Engine
Allow the engine to idle a minute in order to attain
normal operating temperature before stopping it, if
it has been worked hard. Avoid idling the engine for
longer periods, as there is a risk of the spark plugs
fouling.
1. Disengage the mower deck by depressing the
blade switch.
8050-151-1
Disengage the mower deck
2. Raise the mower deck by depressing the button
on the lift lever and pulling backward to the
transport position.
3. When the machine is standing still, activate the
parking brake by pulling the lever upward.
8050-825
Raise the mower deck
4. Move the throttle to the minimum position (tortoise
symbol). Turn the ignition key to the stop position.
5. Move the steering controls outward.
6. Remove key. Always remove key when leaving
the mower to prevent unauthorized use.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Leaving the ignition switch in any other
position than OFF will cause the battery to be
discharged.
8050-151-1
Move the throttle to the slow position
32
operation
Manual Transport
Bypass Linkages
When pushing or pulling the mower, engage the
ZT-2800 (Integrated Zero turn Transaxle) bypass
linkages. The ZT-2800 bypass linkages are located on
the rear of the frame, below the rear engine guard.
1. Raise the deck into the highest cutting
position.
2. Pull the bypass linkages up and out of the
keyhole slots. Release the levers with the
head outside the frame and held in the bypass
position.
3. To reengage the ZT-2800 to drive, reverse the
above procedure.
Load the machine into truck or trailer by driving up
ramps in low gear. DO NOT LIFT! The machine is not
intended to be lifted by hand.
8058-032
Bypass linkage, ZT-2800 engaged
WARNING!
Make no adjustments without:
•
the engine stopped,
•
the ignition key removed,
•
the parking brake activated
8058-032
Bypass linkage, ZT-2800 locked in the bypass position
33
maintenance
Maintenance Schedule
The following is a list of maintenance procedures that must be performed on the machine. For those points not
described in this manual, visit an authorized service workshop. An annual service carried out by an authorized
service workshop is recommended to maintain your machine in the best possible condition and to ensure safe
operation.
Read Maintenance in the Safety section.
First change after 5-8 hours. When operating with a heavy load or at high ambient temperatures, replace every 50 hours. 2) In dusty
conditions, cleaning and replacement are required more often. 3) For daily use, the machine should be lubricated twice weekly. 4) Performed
by authorized service workshop.
1)
● = Described in this manual
♦ = Not described in this manual
Maintenance
Daily
Before
Check the parking brake
Check the engine’s oil level (every refueling)
Check the safety system
Check for fuel and oil leakages
Check/clean the engine’s cooling air intake
Check the mower deck
Check for loose hardware (screws, nuts)
Clean under the mower deck
Start the engine and blades, listen for unusual sounds
Check for damage
Thoroughly clean around the engine
Clean around belts, belt pulleys
●
●
●
♦
Wkly
After
At
least
once
each
year
●
●
●
●
♦
♦
♦
♦
Check the tire pressures
Check battery
Sharpen/Replace mower blades
Clean the engine’s cooling air intake 2)
Clean the air cleaner’s pre-filter 2) (foam)
Clean the air cleaner’s filter cartridge 2) (paper filter)
Check/adjust the parking brake
Inspect muffler/spark arrester
34
●
●
●
♦
♦
Maintenance
interval
in hours
25
●
●
●
●
●
50
●
♦
♦
100
300
maintenance
Maintenance
Daily
Before
Wkly
After
At
least
once
each
year
Maintenance
interval
in hours
25
50
100
●
●
Check/adjust throttle cable
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check the condition of belts, belt pulleys
Change the engine oil
1)
Replace the engine oil filter
Clean/replace the spark plugs
Replace the fuel filter
Replace the air filter (paper filter) 2)
●
●
●
●
●
●
Check the caster wheels (every 200 hours)
Replace the air cleaner’s pre-filter 2) (foam)
Check/adjust the mower deck
Check the engine valve clearance
3)
Perform the 300-hour service 3)
Check hydraulic oil at reservoir
●
Change hydraulic oil & filter (200 hours)
Clean fins of oil cooler (Kohler)
1)
●
●
♦
♦
●
♦
♦
●
●
First change after 5-8 hours. When operating with a heavy load or at high ambient temperatures, replace every 50 hours.
conditions, cleaning and replacement are required more often. 3) Performed by authorized service workshop.
300
●
2)
In dusty
● = Described in this manual
♦ = Not described in this manual
WARNING!
Before performing any service or adjustment checklist:
•
•
•
•
•
Engage the parking brake.
Place the Blade-switch in the disengaged position.
Turn the ignition switch to OFF position and remove the key.
Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
Disconnect the spark plug wire from all spark plugs and place the wire where it cannot
come in contact with the plug.
35
maintenance
Battery
Your mower is equipped with a maintenance free
battery and does not need servicing. However,
periodic charging of the battery with an automotive
type battery charger will extend its life.
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
• Keep battery bolts tight.
• See charge for charging times.
Always use protective glasses
when handling the battery.
STANDARD
STATE
BATTERY
OF
APPROXIMATE BATTERY CHARGING TIME*
TO FULL CHARGE AT 80OF / 27OC
Maximum Rate at:
50 Amps
30 Amps
20 Amps
10 Amps
CHARGE
12.6V
100%
12.4V
75%
20 min.
- FULL CHARGE 35 min.
48 min.
90 min.
12.2V
50%
45 min.
75 min.
95 min.
180 min.
12.0V
25%
65 min.
115 min.
145 min.
280 min.
11.8V
0%
85 min.
150 min.
195 min.
370 min.
*Charging time depends on battery capacity,
condition, age, temperature and efficiency of charger
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Cleaning battery and terminals
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can
cause the battery to “leak” power.
1. Lift seat and rotate forward.
2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first, then
the RED battery cable and remove the battery
from the machine.
3. Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.
4. Clean terminals and battery cable ends with
wire brush until shiny.
5. Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly
6. Reinstall battery.
Replacing battery
1. Lift seat and rotate forward.
2. Using two ½" wrenches disconnect BLACK
battery cable then RED battery cable.
3. Position deck to lowest setting.
4. Front underside of frame, remove the nuts that
secure the battery hold-down.
5. Carefully remove the battery from the mower.
6. Install new battery with terminals in the same
position as the old battery.
7. Reinstall battery hold-down and secure with
nuts removed in Step 5.
8. First connect RED battery cable to positive (+)
battery terminal with hex bolt and hex nut.
9. Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative
(-) battery terminal with remaining bolt and nut
10. Tighten securely.
11. Lower seat
Do not attempt to open or remove caps or
covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte
is not necessary.
Always use two wrenches for the terminal
screws.
WARNING!
Do not short battery terminals by
allowing a wrench or any other object
to contact both terminals at the same
time. Before connecting battery,
remove metal bracelets, wristwatch
bands, rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected
first to prevent sparks from accidental
grounding.
8050-109
Remove battery hold-down to replace battery
36
maintenance
Ignition System
The engine is equipped with an electronic ignition
system. Only the spark plug requires maintenance.
For recommended spark plug, see Technical Data.
1. Remove the ignition cable boot and clean
around the spark plug.
2. Remove the spark plug with a spark plug
socket wrench.
3. Check the spark plug. Replace the spark plug
if fouled, the electrodes are burned and if
the insulation is cracked or damaged. Clean
the spark plug with a steel brush if it is to be
reused.
4. Measure the electrode gap with a gapping
tool. The gap should be .030" (0.75 mm).
Adjust as necessary by bending the side
electrode.
5. Reinsert the spark plug, turning by hand to
avoid damaging the threads.
6. After the spark plug is seated, tighten it using
a spark plug wrench so that the washer is
compressed. A used spark plug should be
turned 1/8 of a turn from the seated position. A
new spark plug should be turned ¼ turn from
the seated position.
7. Replace the ignition cable.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Fitting the wrong spark plug type can damage
the engine.
Inadequately tightened spark plug can
cause overheating and damage the engine.
Tightening the spark plug too hard can
damage the threads in the cylinder head.
8011-054
Measure the electrode gap
Safety System
The machine is equipped with a safety system that
prevents starting or driving under the following
conditions.
The engine can only be started when:
The mower deck is disengaged.
• The steering controls are in the outer, locked
neutral position.
• The driver is sitting in the driver’s seat.
• The parking brake is on.
Make daily inspections to ensure that the safety
system works by attempting to start the engine
when one of the conditions is not met. Change the
conditions and try again.
If the machine starts when one of these conditions
is not met, turn the machine off and repair the safety
system before using the machine again.
Make sure the engine stops when the parking brake
is not engaged and the operator leaves the seated
position.
Check that the engine stops if the mower blades are
engaged and the driver temporarily moves off the
drivers seat.
8058-026-1
Steering controls locked in neutral
37
maintenance
Engine Cooling Air Intake
Check that the engine’s cooling air intake is free from
leaves, grass, and dirt.
If the cooling air intake is clogged, engine cooling
deteriorates, which can lead to engine damage.
The cooling air intakes rotates when the engine is
running. Mind your fingers.
8011-719
Throttle Cable
Check and clean the cooling air intake
Check that the engine responds to throttle increases
and that a good engine speed is attained at full
throttle.
If doubts arise, contact the service workshop.
If adjustments are necessary, they can be made as
follows for the lower cable:
1.Loosen the clamping screw for the cable’s outer
casing and move the throttle to the full throttle
position.
2. Check that the throttle cable is mounted in the
correct hole in the lower lever, see illustration.
3. Push the throttle cable’s outer casing as far to the
right as possible and tighten the clamping screw.
8011-720
Adjusting the throttle cable
Choke Cable
If the engine produces black smoke or is difficult
to start, this can be because the choke cable is
incorrectly adjusted (upper cable).
If doubts arise, contact the service workshop.
If adjustments are necessary, they can be made as
follows:
1.Loosen the clamping screw for the cable’s outer
casing and push the choke control fully in.
2. Check that the choke cable is mounted in the
upper lever, see illustration. Push the choke
cable’s outer casing as far to the left as possible
and tighten the clamping screw.
8011-720
Adjusting the choke cable
38
maintenance
Air Filter
Briggs & Stratton Engine
1. Loosen screws and remove air filter cover.
2. Remove the filter cartridge by pulling upwards
along the outside edge.
WARNING!
The engine and the exhaust system
become very hot during operation.
Risk for burns if touched.
Allow engine and exhaust system to
cool at least two (2) minutes.
8009-406
Loosen cover screws
3. Remove the foam filter (precleaner). Clean the
foam filter with mild detergent and water. Squeeze
dry in a clean cloth. Do not oil the foam sleeve.
4. Tap the paper filter against a fixed surface to
remove dust. If the paper filter is still dirty, it must
be replaced.
5. Wipe clean the inside of air filter housing.
6. Refit the foam filter (pre filter).
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not use compressed air to clean the air
filter.
Do not wash the paper filter.
Do not oil the paper filter.
8019-014
Remove filter
7. Mount the filter in the air filter housing.
8. Replace the cover over the air filter housing
and secure with screws.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Operating the engine with loose or damaged
air cleaner components could allow unfiltered
air into the engine causing premature wear
and failure.
8019-015
Reinstall filter
39
maintenance
Kohler Engine
These engines are equipped with a replaceable, high
density paper air cleaner element. Some engines
are also equipped with an oiled, foam precleaner
surrounding the paper element.
Check the air cleaner daily or before starting the
engine. Check for a buildup of dirt and debris around
the air cleaner system. Keep this area clean. Also
check for loose or damaged components. Replace all
bent or damaged air cleaner components.
Servicing Precleaner
If so equipped, wash and re-oil the precleaner every
25 hours of operation (more often under extremely
dusty or dirty conditions). Replace the precleaner
annually, or every 100 hours.
1. Open the door on the blower housing to access
the air cleaner element and precleaner.
2. Unhook the latch and remove the air cleaner
element assembly for servicing. Make sure the
base and the sealing areas are clean before
reassembly.
3. Wash the precleaner in warm water with
detergent. Rinse the precleaner thoroughly until all
traces of detergent are eliminated. Squeeze out
excess water (do not wring). Allow the precleaner
to air dry.
4. Saturate the precleaner with new engine oil.
Squeeze out all excess oil.
Servicing Paper Element
Check the paper element every 50 hours of operation,
(more often under extremely dusty or dirty conditions).
Clean or replace the element as necessary. Replace
the air cleaner element annually, or every 100 hours.
1. Remove the precleaner (if so equipped) from the
paper element.
2. Gently tap the paper element to dislodge dirt. Do
not wash the paper element or use pressurized
air, as this will damage the element. Replace a
dirty, bent, or damaged element with a new one.
Handle the new element carefully; do not use if
the sealing surfaces are bent or damaged.
3. Clean the air cleaner base as required and check
condition.
4. Reinstall the precleaner (if equipped) over the
paper air cleaner element and install on the base.
Secure with the latch.
5. Close and latch the door.
40
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Operating the engine with loose or damaged
air cleaner components could allow unfiltered
air into the engine causing premature wear
and failure.
1
4
3
2
8058-028
1. Air cleaner access door
2. Air cleaner element
3. Latch
4. Precleaner (on some models)
Air filter cleaning and replacement
8058-029
Unlatch and remove element
maintenance
Fuel Filter
Replace the line-mounted fuel filter every 100 hours
(once per season) or more regularly if it is clogged.
1. Replace the filter as follows:
2. Move the hose clamps away from the filter. Use
flat-nosed pliers.
3. Pull the filter loose from the hose ends.
4. Push the new filter into the hose ends. Position the
filter with the FLOW arrow pointing up toward the
fuel pump. If necessary, a soap solution can be
applied to the filter ends to ease mounting.
5. Move the hose clamps back toward the filter.
8011-468
Fuel filter
Fuel Pump Air Filter
Regularly check that the fuel pump’s air filter is free
from dirt.
Remove the screws and open the pump, no hoses
need be removed.
The filter can be cleaned with a brush if necessary.
Replace the filter on the console.
8009-147
Fuel pump air filter
Tire Pressures
All four tires shall have a pressure of 15 psi / 103 kPa
/1 bar.
8011-564
Tire pressures
41
maintenance
Parking Brake
Visually check that no damage is found on the lever,
links, or switch belonging to the parking brake.
Perform a standstill test and check that there is
sufficient braking action.
To adjust the parking brake, contact the Dixon service
workshop.
WARNING!
Faulty adjustment can result in
reduced braking ability and can cause
an accident.
8058-020
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Released parking brake
The machine must be standing still when
applying the parking brake.
V-belts
Check every 100 hours of operation. Check for severe
cracking and large nicks.
NOTE: The belt will show some small cracks in normal
operation.
The belts are not adjustable. Replace belts if they
begin to slip from wear.
Deck Belt Removal
1. Park on a level surface. Apply parking brake.
2. Lower the deck into the lowest cutting position.
3. Remove bolts from belt shields and remove
shields.
4. Remove any dirt or grass that may have
accumulated around the cutter housings and
entire deck surface.
5. Remove tension on the belt by moving the idler
arm.
6. Carefully slip belt up over the top of the cutter
housing pulleys and remove belt. Rolling belt over
the pulleys may damage the belt.
Idler arm
Belt Shields
Removing deck belt
8011-622
Slackening the belt tensioner
42
maintenance
Deck Belt Installation
NOTE: For ease in installing the deck belt, refer to
the routing decal on the top of the deck.
1. Wrap the deck belt around the electric clutch
pulley that is located on the engine shaft.
2. Route the belt forward and up onto the deck.
3. Place belt around spring loaded idler pulley.
4. Wrap the belt around the stationary idler pulley
and around the mandrel housings.
5. Push inward on the idler arm and carefully route
belt over stationary idler pulley. Once belt is
properly routed, slowly release idler arm to tension
belt.
6. Double check belt routing to make sure it matches
the routing decal, and the belt does not have any
twist. Correct as needed.
7. Replace belt shields on both mandrel housings
and secure with fasteners.
Pump Belt
Replacing pump belt
Park the mower on a level surface. Engage the
parking brake.
Belt removal
1. Remove the deck belt (see Deck Belt Removal in
this section of the manual).
2. Create slack in the belt by removing the spring on
the pump idler arm.
3. The belt should now be able to be removed from
the engine pulley and pump pulleys.
Belt installation
1. Wrap the belt around the pulley
2. Route the belt around the inside of the idler
pulley.
3. Wrap the belt around the engine pulley.
4. Reattach the spring on the pump idler arm.
5. Reinstall the deck belt. (see Deck Belt
Installation in this section of the manual).
1
2
8011-764
1. Clutch pulley
2. Deck belt
Belt routing, deck belt
1
2
3
1. Electric clutch
2. Idler spring
3. Clutch stop
Pump belt removal
8054-002
43
maintenance
Cutting Blades
In order to attain the best mowing effect, it is
important that the blades are well sharpened and not
damaged.
Bent or cracked blades or blades with large nicks
should be replaced.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The sharpening of blades should be carried
out by an authorized service workshop.
Damaged blades should be replaced when hitting
obstacles that result in a breakdown. Let the service
workshop decide whether the blade can be repaired/
ground or must be replaced.
Balance the blades after sharpening.
Check the blade mounts.
8011-604-1
Check the blades
WARNING!
Blades are sharp. Protect your hands
with gloves and/or wrap blades with
a heavy cloth when handling.
Blade Replacement
1. Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
2. Install new or resharpened blade with stamped
GRASS SIDE facing towards ground/grass (down)
or THIS SIDE UP facing deck and cutter housing.
3. Install and tighten blade bolt securely.
4. Torque blade bolt to 90 ft/lbs (122 Nm).
3
1
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Special blade bolt is heat treated.
2
Replace with a Dixon bolt if required.
Do not use lower grade hardware than
specified.
44
1. Blade
2. Blade bolt (special)
3. Cutter housing
Blade attachment
maintenance
Adjusting the Mower Deck
Leveling deck
Adjust the deck while the mower is on a level
surface. Make sure the tires are inflated to the correct
pressure. See Transmission under Technical Data.
If tires are under or over inflated, the deck cannot be
properly adjusted.
The deck should be adjusted slightly higher in the
rear.
NOTE: To insure accuracy of leveling procedure,
mower deck drive belt must be installed prior to
leveling deck.
1. Wear heavy gloves. Turn each outer blade tip to
align with the deck or in a side-to-side manner.
2. Measure from the floor surface up to the bottom of
the blade tip on the discharge side of the mower
deck. Retain this measurement.
3. Move to the opposite side, check that
measurement is the same. If adjustment is
required—with a ¾" or adjustable wrench, turn
the lift link adjustment nuts on either side counter
clockwise to lower or clockwise to raise. Adjust
until both side-to-side measurements are equal.
8058-030
Lift link adjustment nut
4. Turn any blade to align with the deck in frontto-rear manner. If the rear blade tip does
not measure 1/8" to ½" higher, follow the front
adjustment instructions that follow.
5. With a 5/8 or adjustable wrench, turn the nuts on
the front suspension linkage. Clockwise raises the
front of the mower, counter clockwise will lower
the front. Adjust nuts until rear of mower deck is
positioned level to 1/8" higher in the rear than the
side-to-side measurement.
NOTE: This will place the mower deck in a base
measurement position. Additional adjustment may
be required to achieve desired cut for the type of
grass or conditions being mowed.
8058-031
Deck front adjustment nuts
45
maintenance
Anti-scalp rollers
Anti-scalp rollers are properly adjusted when they
are just slightly off of the ground when the deck is at
the desired cutting height in the operating position.
Anti-scalp rollers then keep the deck in the proper
position to help prevent scalping in most terrain
conditions.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Adjust anti-scalp rollers with the mower on a
flat level surface.
The anti-scalp rollers can be set in three positions:
• Upper position 1½ to 2½" (38 to 64 mm) grass
• Middle position 2½" to 4" (64 to 102 mm) grass
• Lower position 4" to 6" (102 to 128 mm) grass.
The rollers should be approximately ¼" (6.5 mm) from
ground. Do not adjust the rollers to support the deck.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
The anti-scalp rollers must not be used for
gauge wheels or the roller and deck may be
damaged.
46
8050-830
Anti-scalp rollers
maintenance
Cleaning
Regular cleaning and washing, especially under the
mower deck, will increase the machine’s life-span.
Make it a habit to clean the machine directly after use
(after it is cooled), before the dirt sticks.
Do not spray water on the top of the mower deck. Use
compressed air to clean the top side of mower deck.
Regularly clean deck and underside of the deck with
normal water pressure. Do not use a high pressure
washer or steam cleaner. Avoid spraying engine and
electrical components with water
Do not rinse hot surfaces with cold water. Let unit cool
before washing.
8050-831
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Clean regularly
Use protective glasses when
cleaning and washing.
Caster Wheels
Check every 200 hours. Check that wheels rotate
freely. If wheels do not rotate freely take the unit to
your dealer for service.
Foam filled tires or solid tires will void the warranty.
2
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
1
DO NOT add any type of tire liner or foam fill
material to the tires. Excessive loads created
by foam filled tires will cause premature
failures.
Only use O.E.M. specified tires.
Removal and installation of caster wheel
Remove nut and caster bolt.
Pull the wheel out of the yoke and take care of
spacers.
Install in reverse order. Tighten caster bolt.
Hardware
4
1. Caster yoke
2. Caster bolt
3. Caster long spacer
4. Caster small spacers
Caster wheels
3
8011-619-4
Check daily. Inspect the entire machine for loose or
missing hardware.
47
maintenance
Parking Brake Adjustment
Jack up unit and support properly with jack stands.
Allow clearance to work at rear transaxles. Before
making any adjustments:
Set park brake.
Measure the distance between the rod swivel pin
and the brake arm washer. With the brake engaged,
there should be a gap of 1/8" to ¼" (3 mm to 13 mm)
between the swivel pin and the brake arm washer.
If measurement is out of range adjust as follows:
Disengage park brake lever. Remove retaining clip
and remove brake arm by pulling horizontally from the
EZT splined shaft.
Rotate brake arm on spline rearward to increase brake
tension. Rotate the brake arm one spline forward to
decrease brake arm tension.
Reinstall the retaining clip and recheck gap between
rod swivel pin and brake rod washer. Repeat the
procedure on the other EZT.
Tracking Adjustment
If the mower is not tracking straight, check the
air pressure in both rear tires. Recommended air
pressure is 15 psi (1 bar). If the unit will not track
straight, follow the steps below. Tracking must be
checked on a flat and level concrete or blacktop
surface.
Mower is tracking to the right.
Increase the air pressure 2-3 psi (0.1-0.2 bar) in the
right rear tire or decrease the air pressure 2-3 psi in
the left rear tire.
Mower is tracking to the left.
Increase the air pressure 2-3 psi (0.1-0.2 bar) in the
left rear tire or decrease the air pressure 2-3 psi in the
right rear tire.
Recheck tracking and keep making adjustments with
the tire pressure until the unit tracks straight.
DO NOT exceed maximum recommended tire
pressure 24 psi (1.6 bar).
Record the tire pressure for future reference.
48
2
1. Swivel / washer gap
2. Retaining clip
3. Brake arm
Brake arm
1
3
8050-092
LUBRICATION
Lubrication Schedule
12/12 Every year
1/52 Every Week
1/365 Every day
Lubricate with grease gun
Filter change
Oil change
Level check
General
Remove the ignition key to prevent unintentional
movements during lubrication.
When lubricating with an oil can, it must be filled with
engine oil.
When lubricating with grease, unless otherwise stated,
use a high grade molybdenum disulphide grease.
For daily use, the machine should be lubricated twice
weekly.
Wipe away excess grease after lubrication.
It is important to avoid getting lubricant on the belts
or the drive surfaces on the belt pulleys. Should this
happen, attempt to clean them with spirits. If the belt
continues to slip after cleaning, it must be replaced.
Gasoline or other petroleum products must not be
used to clean belts.
49
LUBRICATION
Front Wheel Mount
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each wheel
mount, until the grease is forced out.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
Grease from well-known brand names (petrochemical
companies) usually maintains a good quality.
Front Wheel Bearings
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk for each set of
wheel bearings, until the grease is forced out.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Use minimal lubrication and remove excess
lubricant so that is does not come into contact
with belts or belt pulley drive surfaces.
8011-731
Lubricating the front wheels
Deck Spindles
Lower the cutting deck completely.
If a grease gun without a rubber hose is used, the foot
plate must be removed.
Lubricate with a grease gun, one zerk, 2-3 strokes.
Use only good quality bearing grease.
8011-732
Deck spindle
Deck Outer Spindle
Lubricate using a grease gun, one zerk, each side
2-3 strokes. Use only good quality bearing grease.
8061-025
Deck outer spindle (with belt shield removed)
50
LUBRICATION
Engine Oil
WARNING!
Engine oil can be very hot if it is
drained directly after stopping the
engine. Allow the engine to cool to a
safe temperature before draining.
Engine Oil Filter
• Drain the engine oil in accordance with the work
description under the heading Engine Oil/Change
Engine Oil.
• Remove the oil filter. If necessary, use a filter
remover.
• Wipe new, clean engine oil onto the seal for the
new filter.
• Mount the filter by hand with +¾ turn.
• Run the engine warm, then check that there are
no leaks around the oil filter seal.
• Check the oil level in the engine, fill if necessary.
The oil filter holds 0.1 qt (0.1 liters) of oil.
8011-734
Changing the oil filter
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Used engine oil is a health hazard and must
not be disposed of on the ground or in nature;
it should always be disposed of at a workshop
or appropriate disposal location.
Avoid skin contact; wash with soap and water
in case of spills.
Engine Oil Levels
Check the oil level in the engine when the machine is
standing level and the engine is stopped.
Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean, and then replace
it.
The dipstick should be screwed into place.
Take the dipstick out again and read the oil level.
The oil level should lie between the markings on the
dipstick. If the level is approaching the ADD mark, fill
the oil to the FULL mark on the dipstick.
Never fill to above the FULL mark.
The oil is filled through the hole for the dipstick.
API class SF, SG, SH, SJ or higher must be used.
Synthetic oil SAE 5W-30 or 10W-30 is recommended
at all temperatures. Mineral oil SAE 5W-30, 10W-30
can be used between -18° C/0° F and +75° C/40° F.
At temperature above +5° C/40° F single grade SAE
30 must be used.
8011-500
Remove the dipstick
51
LUBRICATION
See the Technical Data section for oil amounts.
Changing the Engine Oil
The engine oil should be changed for the first time
after 5-8 hours of operation. Thereafter, it should be
changed every 50 hours. The oil drain valve is located
on the left side of the unit, below the oil filter.
• Place the machine on a flat surface.
• Place a container under the engine where the oil
drain valve exits.
• Remove the valve cap.
• Allow the oil to run out into the container.
• Reinstall the oil drain valve cap.
• Replace the oil filter if necessary.
• Fill with new engine oil in accordance with
Checking the Oil Level.
• Start the engine. Run it for 3-5 minutes. Stop and
recheck the oil level.
52
8009-159
The dipstick markings
LUBRICATION
Transaxle (Transmission) Fluid Change
This transaxle is designed with an external filter for
ease of maintenance. To ensure constant fluid quality
levels and longer life, an oil filter change interval of
every 200 hours is recommended.
The following procedure is performed with the
transaxles installed in the mower and the mower on
level ground. Apply the pump release valve for each
transaxle and set the parking brake.
1. Remove the three ¼" filter guard screws and filter
guard. Clean any loose debris from around the
perimeter of the filter. See illustration.
2. Place an oil drain pan (12" or more diameter and
8 qt. capacity is optimal) beneath the oil filter.
Remove the oil filter from the transaxle.
3. After the oil has drained, wipe the filter base
surface and apply a film of new oil to the gasket of
the replacement filter.
4. Install the new filter by hand, turning it threequarters to one full turn after the filter gasket
contacts the filter base surface.
5. Reinstall the filter guard. Torque screws to
65 in/lbs. each.
6. Repeat steps on the opposite side.
7. Drain old oil filters of all free flowing oil prior to
disposal. Place used oil in appropriate containers
and dispose of it in accordance with laws in your
area.
8. Remove the top port plug (see illustration) from
the left side and right side of the transaxles prior
to filling with oil. This will allow the transaxles to
vent during oil fill.
9. Remove the cap from the transaxles’ expansion
tank located on the vehicle frame.
10. Fill with 20W50 motor oil until oil just appears
at the bottom of each transaxles’ top port
(approximately 2 quarts per transaxle, 4 quarts
total). Install the top port plug into each transaxle
as the oil level reaches the port.
11. Install and torque the top port plugs to 180 in./lbs.
12. Continue to fill the transaxles through the
expansion tank until the FULL COLD line is
reached (this will take approximately 23 additional
ounces).
13. Reinstall the expansion tank cap by hand. Be
careful to not overtighten.
14. Proceed to the purge procedure.
2
3
1
8019-010
1. Filter guard
2. Transaxle filter
3. Top port plug
EZT filter change
1
3
1. Expansion tank
2. Tank cap
3. Transaxles
EZT filter change
2
3
8019-012
53
LUBRICATION
Purging
Due to the effects air has on efficiency in hydrostatic
drive applications, it is critical to purge the system.
These purge procedures should be implemented
any time a hydrostatic system has been opened to
facilitate maintenance or any additional oil has been
added to the system.
Resulting symptoms in hydrostatic systems may be:
1. Noisy operation.
2. Lack of power or drive after short term operation.
3. High operation temperature and excessive
expansion of oil.
4. Shortened component life.
Before starting, make sure the pump is at the proper
oil level. If not, fill to the specifications outlined prior.
The following procedures are best performed with the
vehicle drive wheels off the ground, then repeated
under normal operating conditions.
1. Disengage the brake if activated.
2. With the bypass valve open and the engine
running at fast idle, slowly move the steering
control in both forward and reverse directions (5
or 6 times). As air is purged from the unit, the oil
level will drop.
3. With the bypass valve closed and the engine
running, slowly move the steering control in both
forward and reverse directions (5 to 6 times).
Check the oil level and add oil as required after
stopping the engine.
4. It may be necessary to repeat Steps 2 and 3 until
all the air is completely purged from the system.
When the transaxle operates at normal noise
levels and moves smoothly forward and reverse
at normal speeds, the transaxle is considered
purged.
5. After the vehicle has been used two times, the oil
level should be checked while the oil is cold and
adjusted accordingly.
54
WARNING!
Escaping hydraulic oil under
pressure can have sufficient force to
penetrate the skin, causing serious
injury.
If injured by escaping fluid,
see a doctor at once. Serious
infection or reaction can develop
if proper medical treatment is not
administered immediately.
8058-020
Disengage the parking brake
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Cause
Engine will not start
•
Blade switch is engaged.
•
Steering controls are not locked in the neutral position
•
Parking brake is not activated
•
Battery is dead
•
Contamination in the carburetor or fuel line.
•
Fuel supply is closed or the shutoff valve for the fuel tank is in
the wrong position
•
Clogged fuel filter or fuel line
•
Ignition system faulty
•
Battery is dead
•
Poor contact of the battery terminal cable connections
•
Blown fuse
•
Fault in the starter safety circuit. See Safety System in the
Maintenance section
•
Faulty carburetor
•
Choke control is pulled out with a warm engine
•
Clogged fuel filter or jet
•
Clogged ventilation valve on the fuel cap
•
Fuel tank nearly empty
•
Fouled spark plugs
•
Rich fuel mixture or fuel-air mixture.
•
Wrong fuel type
•
Water in fuel
•
Clogged air filter
•
Clogged air filter
•
Fouled spark plugs
•
Carburetor incorrectly adjusted
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system
•
Blades are loose
•
Blades are incorrectly balanced
•
Engine is loose
Starter does not turn the engine over
Engine runs rough
Engine seems weak
Machine vibrates
55
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Cause
Engine overheats
•
Clogged air intake or cooling fins
•
Engine overloaded
•
Poor ventilation around engine
•
Defective engine speed regulator
•
Too little or no oil in the engine
•
Contamination in the carburetor or fuel line.
•
Fouled spark plugs
•
Poor contact of the battery terminal cable connections
•
Charging lead is disconnected
•
Parking brake on
•
Bypass valve on pump open
•
Drive belt for the transmission slack or
has come off
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system
•
Drive belt for the mower deck has come loose
•
Contact for the electromagnetic coupling has loosened
•
Blade switch is faulty or has come loose from cable
contact
•
Blown fuse
•
Damaged seals, housing, or gaskets
•
Air trapped in hydraulic system
•
Different air pressure in tires on the left and right sides.
•
Bent blades
•
Suspending for the mower deck is uneven
•
Blades are dull
•
Driving speed too high
•
Grass is too long
•
Grass collected under the mower deck
Battery not charging
The machine moves slowly, unevenly, or not at all
Mower deck not engaging
Transaxle leaks oil
Uneven mowing results
56
STORAGE
Winter Storage
At the end of the mowing season, the machine should
be readied for storage (or if it will not be in use for
longer than 30 days). Fuel allowed to stand for long
periods of time (30 days or more) can leave sticky
residues that can plug the carburetor and disrupt
engine function.
Fuel stabilizers are an acceptable option as regards
to the sticky residues that can occur during storage.
Add stabilizer to the fuel in the tank or in the storage
container. Always use the mixing ratios specified by
the manufacturer of the stabilizer. Run the engine for
at least 10 minutes after adding the stabilizer so that
it reaches the carburetor. Do not empty the fuel tank
and the carburetor if you have added stabilizer
WARNING!
Never store an engine with fuel
in the tank indoors or in poorly
ventilated spaces where fuel vapor
can come in contact with open
flames, sparks, or a pilot light such
as in a boiler, hot water tank, clothes
dryer, etc. Handle the fuel with
care. It is very flammable and can
cause serious personal injury and
property damage. Drain the fuel into
an approved container outdoors and
far away from open flame. Never
use gasoline for cleaning. Use
a degreaser and warm water instead.
To ready the machine for storage:
1. Thoroughly clean the machine, especially under
the mower deck. Touch up damage to the paint
and spray a thin layer of oil on the underside of
the mower deck to avoid corrosion.
2. Inspect the machine for worn or damaged parts
and tighten any nuts or screws that may have
become loose.
3. Change the engine oil; dispose of properly.
4. Empty the fuel tanks or add a fuel stabilizer. Start
the engine and allow it to run until the carburetor
is drained of fuel or the stabilizer has reached the
carburetor.
5. Remove the spark plug and pour about a
tablespoon of engine oil into the cylinder. Turn
over the engine so that the oil is evenly distributed
and then refit the spark plug.
6. Lubricate all grease zerks, joints, and axles.
7. Remove the battery. Clean, charge, and store the
battery in a cool place, but protect it from direct
cold.
8. Store the machine in a clean, dry place and cover
it for extra protection.
Service
When ordering spare parts, please specify the
purchase year, model, type, and serial number.
Always use genuine Dixon spare parts.
An annual check-up at an authorized service
workshop is a good way to ensure that your machine
performs its best the following season.
57
schematics
58
TECHNICAL DATA
Accessories
Collection system
Torque Specifications
Engine crankshaft bolt Deck pulley bolts Lug nuts Blade bolt 50 ft/lb (67 Nm)
150 ft/lb (203 Nm)
75 ft/lb (100 Nm)
90 ft/lb (122 Nm)
Standard ¼" fasteners Standard 5/16" fasteners Standard 3/8" fasteners Standard 7/16" fasteners Standard ½" fasteners 9 ft/lb (12 Nm)
18 ft/lb (25 Nm)
33 ft/lb (44 Nm)
52 ft/lb (70 Nm)
80 ft/lb (110 Nm)
HEX HEAD CAP SCREWS
The torque values shown should be used as a general guideline when specific torque values are not given.
U.S. Standard Hardware
Shank Size (Diameter in inches, fine or coarse thread)
Grade
SAE Grade 5
SAE Grade 8
Flangelock Screw
w/Flangelock Nut
ft./lbs
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
¼
9
12
13
18
/16
18
24
28
/8
31
42
/16
50
½
5
3
7
ft./lbs
Nm
38
24
33
46
62
40
54
68
75
108
75
102
115
156
/16
110
150
165
224
5
/8
150
203
225
305
¾
250
339
370
502
/8
378
513
591
801
1 /8
782
1060
1410
1912
9
7
1
** Grade 5 - Minimum commercial quality (lower quality not recommended)
Metric Standard Hardware
Shank Size (Diameter in millimeters, fine or coarse thread)
Grade
Grade 8.8
Grade 10.9
Grade 12.9
ft./lbs
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
M4
1.5
2
2.2
3
2.7
3.6
M5
3
4
4.5
6
5.2
7
M6
5.2
7
7.5
10
8.2
11
M7
8.2
11
12
16
15
20
M8
13.5
18
18.8
25
21.8
29
M10
24
32
35.2
47
43.5
58
M12
43.5
58
62.2
83
75
100
M14
70.5
94
100
133
119
159
M16
108
144
147
196
176
235
M18
142
190
202
269
242
323
M20
195
260
275
366
330
440
M22
276
368
390
520
471
628
M24
353
470
498
664
596
794
M27
530
707
474
996
904
1205
59
TECHNICAL DATA
966038601, 966054301
966495301, 966495401
Kohler
Briggs & Stratton
Courage
ELS
24 hp*
26 hp*
Pressure with oil filter
Pressure with oil filter
Oil capacity excluding filter
1.78 qts / 1.68 liters
1.6 qt / 1.5 liter
Oil capacity including filter
2 qts / 1.89 liters
1.7 qt / 1.6 liter
SAE 10W30, 10W40, 5W20,
5W30, API SF-SJ
SAE 10W30, 5W30,
API SF-SJ
Min 87 octane unleaded (Max
ethanol 10%, Max MTBE 15%)
Min 86 octane unleaded (Max
ethanol 5%, Max MTBE 15%)
Fuel tank capacity
4.5 gallon / 15.1 liters
4.5 gallons / 15.1 liters
Spark plugs / gap
Champion XC12YC
.030" / 0.75 mm
NGK - BPR4ES
.030" / 0.75 mm
Cooling
Air cooled
Air cooled
Air filter
Standard
Standard
12V
12V
Electric
Electric
ZT2800 Hydro Gear
Hydrostatic Pump
Dual levers, foam gripped
Dual levers, foam gripped
Speed forward
6.5 mph / 10.5 km/h
6.5 mph / 10.5 km/h
Speed reverse
0-3.5 mph / 0-5.6 km/h
0-3.5 mph / 0-5.6 km/h
Mechanical parking brake
Mechanical parking brake
11 x 4.5-5, 4 ply
11 x 4.5-5, 4 ply
20 x 10-8
20 x 8-8, 4 ply
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
15 PSI / 103 kPa / 1 bar
Engine
Manufacturer
Type
Power
Lubrication
Engine oil (See viscosity diagram)
Fuel
Alternator
Starter
Transmission
Transmission
Speed and direction controls
Brakes
Front caster tires, smooth tread
Rear tires, turf pneumatic
Tire pressure
60
TECHNICAL DATA
966038601, 966054301
966495301, 966495401
Cutting Width
52" / 132 cm
48" / 155 cm
Cutting Height
1½ - 4½" / 3.8 - 11.3 cm
1½ - 4½" / 3.8 - 11.3 cm
Uncut Circle
0
0
Number of Blades
3
3
Blade Length
18" / 46 cm
16¼" / 41 cm
Nose Rollers
Yes
Yes
Sprung Seat
Standard
Standard
Yes
Yes
Standard
Standard
Blade Engagement
Electromagnetic clutch
Electromagnetic clutch
Deck Construction
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
11 gauge w/10 gauge skirts
2.88 acres/h / 11655 m /h
4.17 acres/h / 16855 m2/h
660 lbs / 299 kg
640 lbs / 345 kg
Base Machine Length
74½" / 189 cm
74½" / 189 cm
Base Machine Height
47" / 119 cm
47" / 119 cm
Base Machine Width
46½" / 118 cm
46½" 118 cm
Overall Width, Chute Up
55½" / 133 cm
51" / 130 cm
Overall Width, Chute Down
66¼" / 168 cm
62½" / 159 cm
Frame
Hinged Arm Rests
Hour Meter
Productivity
2
Dimension
Weight
61
CONFORMITY CERTIFICATES
USA requirements
Labels are placed on the engine and/or in the engine compartment stating that the machine will fulfill the
requirements. This is also applicable to special requirements for any of the states, (California emission rules
etc.). Do not remove any of these labels. Certificates can also be supplied with the machine at delivery or written
in the Engine manual. Take care of them as they are valuable documents.
CE requirements
The Declaration of Conformity is included in the literature packet.
62
WARRANTY
DIXON® ZTR® COMMERCIAL / RESIDENTIAL
RAM 44, RAM 50, RAM 44 MAG™, RAM 50 MAG™
RAM ULTRA 50, RAM ULTRA 60 & RAM ULTRA 72
DIXON WARRANTS ITS ZTR® MOWERS AGAINST DEFECTS IN MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP FOR THE PERIODS SET FORTH BELOW. THE
SOLE REMEDY UNDER THIS WARRANTY IS REPLACEMENT OR REPAIR OF PARTS INCLUDING LABOR COSTS.
THIS WARRANTY IS SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS AND LIMITATIONS:
1.COMMERCIAL WARRANTY (use other than, or in addition to, mowing at owner’s primary place of residence):
a. One Year - 100% parts and labor subject to the conditions and limitations described herein for a period of
one year from date of purchase by the original owner.
b. Attachments marketed through or approved by Dixon are warranted for one year parts and labor in
commercial use applications.
c. The RAM 44, RAM 50, RAM 44 MAG, RAM 50 MAG RAM ULTRA 50, RAM ULTRA 60 and RAM ULTRA 72
are not subject to hour meter restrictions.
d. Warranty applies to new mowers.
2.RESIDENTIAL WARRANTY (used only at owner’s primary place of residence):
a. Two years - 100% parts and labor subject to the conditions and limitations described herein for a period
of two years from date of purchase by the original owner.
b. Third year - limited to 100% parts cost as shown in the current Dixon Parts Price List and subject to the
conditions and limitations as described herein.
c. Attachments marketed through or approved by Dixon are warranted for two years parts and labor in
residential use applications.
d. Warranty applies to new mowers.
3. All Dixon warranty must be accomplished by authorized Dixon dealers and in accordance with Dixon warranty
policy and allowances. All warranty claims must be submitted to Dixon for approval.
4.Warranty labor reimbursement to dealers based on published Dixon flat rate schedule.
5.Warranty does not apply to damage in transit or incidents of misuse, negligence, accidents, or alteration. The
use of parts or components other than those supplied by Dixon VOIDS ALL WARRANTY.
6.Battery warranty is limited to 1 year from mower manufacture date.
7.The following items are not covered by this warranty policy:
a. Routine maintenance or adjustments to include any oils, filters or other fluids used.
b. Belts, blades, tires and cosmetic appearance (paint, seat fade, etc.)
c. Pick up and delivery charges for transportation of mower to and from an authorized Dixon dealer’s place
of business.
d. Engines. These are covered under a separate warranty by each individual engine manufacturer. Consult
engine manual for warranty details.
e. Any costs or expense of providing substitute equipment while repair work is being performed on a
warranted mower.
8.THERE IS NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY. TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ALL IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE EXCLUDED, OTHERWISE, ALL SUCH IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME DURATION
AND REMEDIES AS THE EXPRESS WARRANTY. ALL LIABILITIES FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES UNDER
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY ARE EXCLUDED.
63
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
Delivery Service
1. Charge the battery.
2. Adjust the tire pressure of all wheels to 15 PSI (1 bar).
3.Mount the steering controls in the normal position.
4. Connect the contact box to the cable for the seat’s safety
switch.
5. Check that the right amount of oil is in the engine.
6. Adjust the position of the steering controls.
7.Fill with fuel and open the fuel shut off valve.
8. Start the engine.
9. Check that there is drive to both wheels.
10. Check the mower deck adjustment.
11. Check:
The safety switch for the parking brake.
The safety switch for the mower deck.
The safety switch in the seat.
The safety switch in the steering controls.
Parking brake functionality.
Driving forward.
Driving backward.
Engaging the blades.
12. Check the idle speed
13. Check the engine high idle speed
14. Inform the customer about:
The need and advantages of following the service schedule.
The need and advantages of leaving the machine for service
every 300 hours.
Delivery service has been carried out.
The effects of service and maintaining a service journal on the
machine’s resale value.
Certified:
Application areas for mulching.
15.Fill in the sales papers
64
No remaining notes.
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
After the First 5-8 Hours
1. Change engine oil.
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
25-Hour Service
1. Check the engine air filter.
2. Sharpen/Replace mower blades if required.
3. Check the tire pressures.
4. Check battery with cables.
5.Lubricate according to lubrication chart.
6. Check/clean the engine’s cooling air intake.
7. Clean the air cleaner’s prefilter (foam).
65
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
50-Hour Service
1. Perform the 25-hour service.
2. Clean/replace the air cleaner’s filter cartridge (paper filter)
(shorter intervals for dusty operating conditions).
3. Change engine oil.
4.Lubricate according to lubrication chart.
5. Check/adjust the parking brake.
6. Change hydraulic pump oil and filter.
Action
100-Hour Service
1. Perform the 25-hour service.
2. Perform the 50-hour service.
3. Change the engine oil filter.
4. Clean/replace the spark plugs.
5.Replace the fuel filter.
6. Check V-belts.
7. Check/tighten caster wheel axle bolts (every 200 hours).
8. Change the air filter’s paper cartridge.
9. Change hydraulic pump oil and filter. (200 hours)
66
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
300-Hour Service
1. Perform the 25-hour service.
2. Perform the 50-hour service.
3. Perform the 100-hour service.
4. Check/adjust the mower deck.
5. Clean the combustion chamber and grind the valve seats.
6. Check the engine valve clearance.
7.Replace the air cleaner’s prefilter (foam).
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
At Least Once Each Year
1. Clean the engine’s cooling air intake (25 hours).
2.Replace the air cleaner’s pre-filter (foam) (300 hours).
3.Replace the air filter’s paper cartridge.
4. Change the engine oil (50 hours).
5.Replace the engine oil filter (100 hours).
6. Check/adjust the cutting height.
7. Check/adjust the parking brake (50 hours).
8. Clean/change the spark plugs (100 hours).
9. Change the fuel filter (100 hours).
10. Check the engine valve clearance.
67
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
68
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
69
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
70
Date, mtr reading, stamp, sign
P/N 115 294527R1
09/21/09