User`s guide | D-Link DSL-504 Network Router User Manual

DSL-504
ADSL Router
User’s Guide
First Edition (April 2001)
6DSL504...01
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABOUT THIS USER’S GUIDE ...................................................................................IV
BEFORE YOU START............................................................................................................................................ IV
Operating Systems .......................................................................................................................................... iv
ADSL Service.................................................................................................................................................. iv
Micro-filters..................................................................................................................................................................iv
Print this page for your records ..................................................................................................................................... v
VPI and VCI Settings .................................................................................................................................................... v
Global IP Address.......................................................................................................................................................... v
Default Gateway IP Address ......................................................................................................................................... v
Print this page for your records ..................................................................................................................................... v
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................ 1
ROUTER DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION............................................................................................................... 1
ADSL TECHNOLOGY ........................................................................................................................................... 1
PRODUCT FEATURES ............................................................................................................................................ 2
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) Security .......................................................................................................... 2
DHCP Support (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)................................................................................ 2
Network Address Translation (NAT) ............................................................................................................... 2
VPN (Virtual Private Network) ....................................................................................................................... 2
TCP/IP (Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)................................................................................... 2
RIP-1/RIP-2..................................................................................................................................................... 2
Static Routing .................................................................................................................................................. 3
Default Routing ............................................................................................................................................... 3
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) .............................................................................................................. 3
Precise ATM Traffic Shaping .......................................................................................................................... 3
G.hs (Auto-handshake) .................................................................................................................................... 3
High Performance ........................................................................................................................................... 3
Full Network Management .............................................................................................................................. 3
Telnet Connection............................................................................................................................................ 3
Easy Installation.............................................................................................................................................. 3
STANDARDS COMPATABILITY AND COMPLIANCE ................................................................................................ 4
UNPACKING.......................................................................................................................................................... 5
FRONT PANEL ...................................................................................................................................................... 5
REAR PANEL ........................................................................................................................................................ 5
LED INDICATORS................................................................................................................................................. 6
HARDWARE INSTALLATION .................................................................................... 7
CONNECT THE POWER .......................................................................................................................................... 7
CONNECT ADSL LINE ......................................................................................................................................... 7
CONNECT ETHERNET LAN TO ROUTER ............................................................................................................... 8
WEB-BASED ROUTER CONFIGURATION ............................................................... 9
INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................................................... 9
GETTING STARTED ............................................................................................................................................... 9
SETTING UP THE PC.............................................................................................................................................. 9
MANAGEMENT ................................................................................................................................................... 11
PPPoE Configuration.................................................................................................................................... 12
DHCP ............................................................................................................................................................ 14
NAT Configuration ........................................................................................................................................ 15
How NAT Works ........................................................................................................................................................ 16
Setting Local IP Addresses.......................................................................................................................................... 17
Port Redirection ............................................................................................................................................ 17
Advanced Filter/Firewall .............................................................................................................................. 18
Connection Type............................................................................................................................................ 22
Static IP Address Configuration.................................................................................................................... 23
Line Condition............................................................................................................................................... 24
User Name and Password ............................................................................................................................. 25
Save Changes ................................................................................................................................................ 26
Update Firmware .......................................................................................................................................... 27
Summary........................................................................................................................................................ 28
SAVING CHANGES .............................................................................................................................................. 29
FINDING THE PASSWORD .................................................................................................................................... 29
CONTACTING TECHNICAL SUPPORT................................................................... 30
OFFICES............................................................................. 31
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS............................................................................... 33
IP CONCEPTS.......................................................................................................... 35
IP ADDRESSES.................................................................................................................................................... 35
SUBNET MASK ................................................................................................................................................... 37
DSL-504 FIRMWARE UPGRADE UTILITY .............................................................. 38
LIMITED WARRANTY ......................................................................................................................................... 45
DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
About This User’s Guide
This user’s guide provides instructions on how to install the DSL-504 ADSL
Router and use it to PCs or Ethernet concentrating devices on an Ethernet LAN
(Local Area Network) to the Internet or remote LAN. For the sake of simplicity,
this document uses the terms Router (first letter upper case) to refer specifically
to the DSL-504 ADSL Router, and router (first letter lower case) to refer to all
such devices including the DSL-504.
This guide assumes that the reader is familiar with Ethernet networks,
networking devices, routing protocols and the TCP/IP suite of protocols.
Before You Start
This section discusses the various requirements for the successful installation of
the Router. In order to avoid difficulties please read and make sure you
understand all the prerequisites for proper installation and operation of your new
ADSL Router.
Operating Systems
D-Link’s web-based management software for the Router can be used with any
browser-equipped PC running Microsoft Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows
98 SE, Windows ME, Windows 2000 and Windows NT 4.0.
ADSL Service
In order to use the Router, you must first have ADSL service established with
your local telephone company, or an Internet Service Provider (ISP). Contact
your local telephone company for information on the availability of ADSL service
in your area.
Micro-filters
Since ADSL and telephone services share the same copper wire to carry their
respective signals, a filtering mechanism must be used to avoid mutual
interference. You may need to install a micro-filter (low pass filter) device for
each telephone that shares the line with the ADSL line. Micro-filters are easy to
install in-line devices, which attaches to the telephone cable between the
telephone and wall jack. This device will not affect normal telephone services.
Your telephone company will have more information regarding the use and
installation of micro-filters.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Print this page for your records
VPI and VCI Settings
Your Telephone Company will provide two numbers, a Virtual Path Identifier
(VPI) and a Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI). You will need to enter these two
numbers during the configuration of the Router.
In order to ensure high quality of service and maximum performance, ADSL
technology employs Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) networks (via the
DSLAM). ATM networks use Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVCs) to establish
end-to-end software defined logical connections. The VPI and VCI are contained
in the ATM cell header. These numbers help manage ATM network connections
and identify logical links formed by PVCs.
For convenient reference, you may want to record the VPI and VCI numbers
here, as well as the MAC (Physical) Address of the Router.
VPI, VCI and MAC Address
VPI _____________
VCI _______________
MAC Address ______________________________
Global IP Address
Your ISP will supply you with a unique global IP address that you must use if
you choose to connect to the ISPs network using the RFC 1483 defined “Bridged
Ethernet” encapsulation method. If you use PPPoA to define the connection to
your ISP you do not need to assign a global IP address. This is explained further
in chapter 3 in the discussion of Connection Method.
Global IP Address _______-_______-_______-_______
Default Gateway IP Address
Some ISPs require the use of a default gateway router. If this is necessary, your
telephone company or ISP will provide the IP address of a device to be used for
this purpose. Use the space provided below to record the IP address of the ISPs
default gateway router.
Default Gateway IP Address _______-_______-_______-_______
Print this page for your records
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
1
Introduction
This chapter describes the DSL-504 ADSL Router and its features and gives a
brief introduction to ADSL technology.
Router Description and Operation
The DSL-504 ADSL Router is designed to provide a simple, cost-effective and
secure ADSL Internet connection for your small to medium sized corporate LAN.
The DSL-504 combines the benefits of high-speed ADSL connection technology
and TCP/IP routing with Ethernet capabilities in one compact and convenient
package. ADSL connection technology enables many interactive multimedia
applications such as video conferencing and collaborative computing.
The Router is easy to install and use. The DSL-504 offers four dedicated Ethernet
LAN ports using standard RJ-45 connectors. The ADSL connection is made using
ordinary twisted-pair telephone line with standard RJ-11 connectors. This
arrangement means that several PCs can be networked and connected to the
Internet.
The Router can be used for IP packet routing over the WAN and also supports
transparent bridging. The Router is ideal for secure telecommuting through the
use of virtual private networks (VPN). Cost saving capabilities of the Router
includes NAT (Network Address Translator) and DHCP (Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol), which allow you connect several hosts to the Internet
using a single global IP address.
ADSL Technology
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is an access technology that utilizes
ordinary copper telephone lines to enable broadband high-speed digital data
transmission and interactive multimedia applications for business and
residential customers. Using existing copper telephone lines forgoes the need for
upgrading or adding expensive new cable.
ADSL devices use digital coding techniques that greatly increase the potential
capacity of phone lines without interfering with regular telephone services. For
the ADSL user, this means much faster data communications and the potential
for interactive video capabilities. ADSL devices make it possible to enjoy benefits
such as high-speed Internet access, telecommuting (remote LAN access),
collaborative computing, distance learning, movies on demand and multi-player
video gaming, without experiencing any loss of quality or disruption of voice/fax
telephone capabilities.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
ADSL provides a dedicated service over a single telephone line operating at
speeds of up to 8 Mbps downstream (to the user) and up to 800 Kbps upstream (to
the ADSL service provider’s central office), depending on local telephone line
conditions. These conditions are ideal for many time sensitive user applications.
A secure point-to-point connection is established between the user and the
central office of the ADSL service provider. The user is always connected thus
eliminating dial-up time and simplifying connectivity issues.
Product Features
The DSL-504 ADSL Router utilizes the latest ADSL enhancements and router
technologies to provide a robust Internet gateway suitable for most small to
medium sized offices.
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) Security
The Router supports PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) and CHAP
(Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) useful for secure telecommuting
and remote access to the LAN.
DHCP Support (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows IP addresses to be
automatically and dynamically assigned to hosts on your network.
Network Address Translation (NAT)
For small office environments, the Router allows multiple users on the LAN to
access the Internet concurrently through a single Internet account. This provides
Internet access to everyone in the office for the price of a single user.
NAT address mapping can also be used to link two IP domains via a LAN-to-LAN
connection.
VPN (Virtual Private Network)
A VPN is a method to provide economical and secure data transfer across a public
network (such as the Internet). It is ideal for telecommuting and LAN-to-LAN
connection.
TCP/IP (Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
The DSL-504 supports TCP/IP protocol. It is compatible with access servers
manufactured by all major vendors.
RIP-1/RIP-2
The DSL-504 supports both RIP-1 and RIP-2 exchanges with other routers. Using
both versions can allow the Router to communicate with RIP enabled devices.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Static Routing
This allows you to select a data path to a particular network destination that will
remain in the routing table and never “age out”. This enables you to route IP
traffic to a specific destination within your LAN (for example to a another router
or a server) or outside your network (to an ISP defined default gateway for
instance).
Default Routing
This allows you to choose a default path for incoming data packets for which the
destination address is unknown. This is particularly useful when the Router
functions as the sole connection to the Internet.
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
The DSL-504 supports Bridged Ethernet over ATM, IP over ATM and PPP over
ATM. The Router can support up to eight Virtual Circuit Connections (VCCs).
Precise ATM Traffic Shaping
Traffic shaping is a method of controlling the flow rate of ATM data cells. It
functions to establish the Quality of Service for ATM data transfer.
G.hs (Auto-handshake)
The Router can automatically choose either the G.lite or G.dmt ADSL connection
standards.
High Performance
Very high rates of data transfer are possible with the Router. Up to 8 Mbps
downstream bit rate using G.dmt.
Full Network Management
The DSL-504 incorporates SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
support and menu-driven network management via an RS-232 or Telnet
connection.
Telnet Connection
The Telnet feature enables a network manager to access the Router’s
management software remotely.
Easy Installation
The Router uses a web-based interface management system compatible with
most standard web browsers for easy installation and management.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Standards Compatability and Compliance
The DSL-504 complies with or is compatible with the following standards as
recognized by their respective agencies.
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ITU G.994.1 (G.Hs Auto-handshake) compliant
ITU G.992.1 (G.dmt Full-rate ADSL) compliant
ITU G.992.2 (G.lite “Splitterless ADSL”) compliant
ITU-T Rec. I.361 compliant
ITU-T Rec. I.610 compliant
RFC 1483 Multi-protocol over ATM “Bridged Ethernet” compliant
RFC 2364 PPP over ATM compliant
RFC 2516 PPP over Ethernet compliant
RFC 1334 PPP Authentication Protocol compliant
RFC 1994 Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol compliant
RFC 791 Internet Protocol compliant
RFC 826 Address Resolution Protocol compliant
RFC 950 Internet Control Message Protocol compliant
RFC 1631 Net Address Translator compliant
Supports RFC 2131 and RFC 2132 DHCP functions including: automatic
assignment of IP address, use of subnet mask and default gateway and
provision of DNS server address for all hosts
Compatible with all T1.413 issue 2 (full rate DMT over analog POTS), and
CO DSLAM equipment
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet compliant
IEEE 802.3u Fast Ethernet compliant
IEEE 802.1d Spanning compliant
Supports RIP v1 and RIP v2
Supports Static Routing
Supports ATM Forum UNI V3.1/4.0 PVC
Minimum ATM cell forwarding rate: 640 Kbps
Supports up to eight simultaneous ATM virtual connections
DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Unpacking
Open the shipping carton and carefully remove all items. In addition to this
User's Guide, ascertain that you have:
1. DSL-504 ADSL Router
2. DSL-504 tool kit on CD-ROM
3. Quick Installation Guide
4. RS-232 (DB-9 to DB-9) cable for console connection
5. Telephone cable with RJ-11 connectors for ADSL connection
6. AC power adapter suitable for your electric service
Front Panel
Place the Router in a location that permits an easy view of the LED indicators
shown in the front panel diagram below.
Front Panel
Rear Panel
The rear panel of the Router provides access to the AC power adapter cord
connection as well as the port connections.
Rear Panel
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
LED Indicators
LED Indicators
The LED Indicators read as follows:
Power Solid steady green light indicates the unit is powered on.
Status Light will be dark during power on self test, blink green during the ADSL
negotiation phase, and light solid steady green during normal operation. If it
blinks green after the ADSL negotiation, a failure of either the ADSL port or an
Ethernet port has occurred.
ADSL: Link Steady green light indicates a valid ADSL connection.
ADSL: Act Blinking green light indicates an active WAN session.
Link/Act: Steady green light indicates a valid Ethernet connection, blinking
green light indicates an active Ethernet session. One LED per port.
10/100M Steady green light indicates a 100 Mbps connection, a 10 Mbps
connection will remain unlit. One LED per port.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
2
Hardware Installation
This section discusses the cable connections you will need to make in order to use
the Router. The Router has four Ethernet ports, so there are many possibilities
for your Ethernet setup. It is advisable to give careful consideration to the
location of the Router on your network as well as its physical location. A well
planned Ethernet layout should be flexible and allow for future expansion.
When selecting the location for the Router, allow room to access the connections
on the rear panel. You will want to place the Router so that you will be able to
see the LED indicators on the front panel. Also, allow some space above the
Router for ventilation to avoid problems with overheating.
It may be convenient for you place the Router near the PC you intend to use for
initial configuration of the Router. For initial configuration of the device, you may
need convenient access to the RS-232 serial port on the rear panel. The RS-232
serial port is intended for use with text-based console management software for
the initial configuration and for out-of-band management of the Router. Whether
it is necessary to use an RS-232 console manager for first time set up depends on
how you allocate IP addresses on your network. Read Chapter 3, First Time Set
Up to help you decide how best to use the Router on your network.
Connect the Power
Insert the AC Power Adapter cord into the power receptacle located on the rear
panel of the Router and plug the adapter into a nearby power source. You should
see the Power LED indicator light up and remain lit.
Connect ADSL Line
You can use the twisted-pair ADSL cable (standard telephone cable) included
with the Router to connect to your telephone line. Plug one end of the cable into
the ADSL port (RJ-11 receptacle) on the rear panel of the Router and insert the
other end into the telephone wall jack. This connection provides the link between
the Router and the ISPs network including access to the Internet.
The Router must undergo a negotiation process to establish the terms of the
ADSL connection. During this negotiation the Status LED will light a steady
green, after which it will blink. If the ADSL line is disconnected, it will repeat
this process.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Connect Ethernet LAN to Router
The Router may be connected to any 10/100BASE-T Ethernet LAN or Ethernet
concentrating device. Connection to an Ethernet concentrating device such as a
switch or hub should use standard twisted-pair cable with RJ-45 connectors. The
4 dedicated RJ-45 ports on the Router are a crossed (MDI-X) connection ports.
Follow standard Ethernet guidelines when deciding what type of cable to use to
make this connection. Use Category 5 or better cable for 100 Mbps connections.
You should use either crossed cable or normal straight-through cable and a crossover adapter when connecting the Router to a normal (MDI-X) port on a switch or
hub. Use straight-through cable when connecting it to an uplink (MDI-II) port on
a hub or switch. When connecting the Router directly to a PC or server use a
straight-through cable. The Ethernet Link LED indicator corresponding to the
connected port will indicate a valid connection.
The rules governing Ethernet cable lengths apply to the LAN to Router
connection. Be sure that the cable connecting the LAN to the Router does not
exceed the 100-meter limit.
The diagram below illustrates a variety of ways you can incorporate the Router
into your Ethernet.
LAN to Router Connection
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
3
Web-based Router Configuration
Introduction
The DSL-504 offers an embedded Web-based (HTML) interface allowing users to
manage the Router from anywhere on the network through a standard web
browser, such as Netscape Navigator/Communicator or Microsoft Internet
Explorer. The Web browser acts as a universal access tool and can communicate
directly with the Router using the HTTP protocol. Your web browser window may
vary with the screen captures (pictures) in this guide. Verify that the PC using
the web manager is NOT using a proxy server.
Note: This version of the web-based manager does not accept Chinese language
input (or other languages requiring 2 bytes per character).
Getting Started
The web-based manager requires a java enabled web browser to manage the
DSL-504. Web browsers such as the Netscape Communicator version 4 and above
or the Internet Explorer versions 4.0 and above are operable.
Setting up the PC
Now that the physical connection is complete, you need to set the TCP/IP settings for your
computer to properly connect to the DSL-500. Follow these simple steps.
Right-Click the “Network Neighborhood” (Win 98/98SE) or “My Network Places” (Win
ME/2000) icon on your desktop and select “Properties.”
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Highlight the line that reads “TCP/IP” and point to your installed Ethernet NIC.
Click “Properties.”
At this screen, select the IP Address tab.
Select “Obtain an IP Address Automatically.”
Click “OK.”
You will be prompted to reboot in Windows 98/98SE or ME
Click “Yes.”
For Windows 2000, restart your computer manually.
When your computer restarts, you will automatically receive an IP address form the DSL-500.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Management
In order to access the web-based management interface, it is necessary for both
the PC (used for management) and the Router to be on the same IP subnet. You
can either change the IP settings of the PC or change the IP address of the
Router. See Chapter 3 for information about assigning IP addresses on the
network and changing the IP address of the device. Appendix B contains a
general discussion of IP addressing.
To use the web-based management software, run the browser you have installed
on your computer and direct it to the IP address defined for the device. The first
time you access the web-based manager you will need to type the default IP
address, 192.168.0.1, in the address bar of the browser. The URL in the address
bar should read: http://192.168.0.1. If you change the IP address of the router,
then you will use the new IP address to access the web-based manager.
Important Note: In order to save any changes made to the Router (such as changing the IP address)
you must go to the Save Changes window and save the configuration settings to non-volatile RAM.
In the page that opens, click on the Login to web-based management module
button:
Login Button
A new window will appear and you will be prompted for a user name and
password. Use default user name admin and password admin for first time set
up.
User Login
Logging in will bring up the main page of the web-based management module.
Click the D-Link DSL-504 folder located below the D-Link logo in the upper lefthand corner. This folder will open revealing the management menu options.
These options include PPPoE Configuration, DHCP Configuration, NAT
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Configuration, Port Redirection, Advanced Filter/Firewall, Connection
Type, Line Condition, User Name and Password, Save Changes, Update
Firmware and Summary. The various management menus are explained
below.
After logging in, it will automatically show the default settings. If you need to
make changes to the configuration, please ask your service provider for correct
settings.
PPPoE Configuration
The PPPoE is another connection method used by the Router is Point-to-PointProtocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) as defined in RFC 2516. Use the PPPoE
Configuration window to define the PVC by configuring the VPI and VCI values
given to you by your DSL service provider. PPP also allows you to use the
security protocols PAP or CHAP to help protect your network from unwanted
intruders. This window is used to assign the user name and password used to
access your network or server. When you have set the correct VPI and VCI and
entered the user name and password, click the Connect button to establish the
ADSL connection to your ISP’s network. The window is also used to terminate
the Router’s ADSL connection and change connection methods.
If you wish to change the connection method (to Bridged Ethernet over IP or
PPPoA), please read the section on Connection Method later in this chapter.
To bring up the PPPoE Configuration window, click on the PPPoE Configuration
menu button and the following screen will appear:
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
PPPoE Configuration Window
PVC
Use this field to assign the VPI and VCI values for the Router. These numbers
are given to you by your ISP provider and must be entered correctly in order to
establish the ADSL connection. If these values are not correct the connection will
not be successful.
PPPoE Login
Use this field to assign a Login User Name and Password used to access to
your ISP’s network. The user name and password can be any combination of up
to 64 characters.
PPPoE Information
This field provides information regarding the status of the Router connection to
the ISP’s network. The ISP’s DHCP server should assign the global IP Address
for the Router automatically. The Connection Status will read Disconnect until
you are connected to the ISP’s WAN.
Connect to WAN
Once you have entered all the PVC and PPPoE Login values, click the Connect
button to initiate the PPP connection via the ADSL WAN interface. The
“handshake” process will take a few seconds. When the connection is established
the status will be indicated in the PPPoE Information field.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
DHCP
DHCP Configuration Window
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) allows the Router to
dynamically assign IP addresses to network devices. Dynamic IP assignment
eliminates the need for the network administrator to maintain and monitor IP
address assignments and simplifies IP use because IP address are automatically
and dynamically assigned when a computer is powered-on.
Important Note: If you use DHCP to set your local IP addresses, the software IP settings of all
stations on the network will need to be manually configured to 0.0.0.0., or, as in the case of Windows
95 users, the “Obtain an IP address automatically” option under TCP/IP will have to be selected.
Start IP Address
This is the base (starting) address for the IP pool of unassigned IP addresses.
End IP Address
This is the last address of the contiguous IP address range to be used by the
Router for DHCP function.
Netmask
This mask informs the client how the destination IP address is to be divided into
network, subnet, and host parts.
Default Gateway
This specifies the Gateway IP Address that will be assigned to and used by the
DHCP clients.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Leased Time
The specified amount of time (in seconds) a client can lease an IP address, from
the dynamically allocated IP pool. A value of 4123456789 means the lease is
permanent.
DNS Server IP
Domain Name Service (DNS) servers are used on the Internet to match the
Uniform Resource Locator (URL) for a website to its Internet IP address. For
example, the URL: www.cnn.com, is a pseudonym for the IP address:
207.25.71.25. DNS entries allow users to access resources using URLs instead of
IP addresses.
You may enter any Internet DNS server IP address available through the WAN
connection. Your ISP should provide this address. (Note that without a DNS
server IP, internet sites will only be available using IP addresses and will not be
available using URLs).
Domain Name
You can use this field to define a domain name to be used inside your network.
This is not used outside the LAN. Hosts linked to the Router within the LAN only
see it.
State
This toggle Disable and Enable for DHCP function.
NAT Configuration
NAT Configuration Window
Network Address Translation (NAT) is a routing protocol that allows your
network to become a private network that is isolated from, yet connected to the
Internet. It does this by changing the IP address of packets from a global IP
address usable on the Internet to a local IP address usable on your private
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
network (but not on the Internet) and vice-versa. The Router allows up to 253
host IP addresses.
NAT has two major benefits. First, NAT allows many users to access the Internet
using a single global IP address. This can greatly reduce the costs associated with
Internet access and also helps alleviate the current shortage of Internet IP
addresses. Secondly, the NAT process creates a firewall, which hides your local
network from Internet users, providing a degree of security to your Internet
connection.
To be successfully implemented, NAT should be used only when the majority of
network traffic remains on the local network. In cases where a large percentage
of network traffic is destined for the Internet, NAT can adversely affect the speed
and performance of your Internet connection. Network servers such as ftp
servers, web servers or mail servers should use the port redirection capabilities of
the Router.
NAT will work in conjunction with DHCP and Port Redirection. Thus, if both are
enabled and properly configured, the DHCP server in the DSL-504 will assign
local IP addresses to computers on your network. The Port Redirection feature
allows an administrator to direct specific types of incoming packets to another
server or designated host. For example, a common way to use Port Redirection
would be to direct incoming HTTP packets (through TCP logical port 80) and
redirect them to an HTTP server (conventionally through port 8080).
How NAT Works
In the most common NAT configuration, your network uses local IP addresses
that are not valid on the Internet. Each Internet (global) IP address is unique.
Your network administrator can assign local IP addresses on your network
(within guidelines defined later in this chapter and in “Appendix B, IP
Concepts”). This can be done manually or by using DHCP. The WAN port on the
router is assigned a globally unique public IP Address that is valid on the
Internet, since it will be sending and receiving data directly to the Internet and is
therefore part of it. Please study the example diagram below carefully.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Please note that in the above diagram, the Gateway IP address settings for the
local PC’s needs to be set to 192.168.0.1, the LAN IP address of the router.
NAT manipulates the IP addresses in packet headers on a one-to-one basis. An
outgoing data packet (a packet originating from a computer on the local LAN and
destined for a computer outside the private network) will have its IP address
translated as shown below.
In the Outgoing Data Packet above, the Source IP address is the IP address that
is translated by NAT. The Destination IP Address is the IP address of a computer
outside the private network, on the Internet for example. And the Data portion of
the packet is the information payload carried by the packet, for instance a
request to view a web page.
The router logs the changes made to the IP header in its NAT table. The NAT
table enables the router to send replies back to the local computer as shown
below.
In the Inbound Data Packet above, the Destination IP Address is the IP address
that is translated by NAT. The Source IP Address is the IP address of a computer
outside the private network. And the Data portion of the packet is the
information payload carried by the packet, in this case, web page contents.
Setting Local IP Addresses
When implementing NAT and thus creating a private network that is isolated
from the Internet, you can assign any IP addresses to host computers without
problems. However, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has
reserved the following three blocks of IP Addresses specifically for private
networks:
Class
A
B
C
Beginning Address
10.0.0.0
172.16.0.0
192.168.0.0
Ending Address
10.255.255.255
172.31.255.255
192.168.255.255
It is recommended that you choose local IP addresses for use with NAT from the
private network IP addresses in the above list. For more information on address
assignment, refer to RFC 1597, Address Allocation for Private Internets and RFC
1466, Guidelines for Management of IP Address Space.
Port Redirection
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Port Redirection Window
The Port Redirection feature of the Router is used in conjunction with NAT to
improve security and efficiency. For example, this can be used to direct HTTP
packets to a designated HTTP server as a form of firewall protection for the LAN.
Other common applications might include directing incoming SMTP packets to
an Email server. Click Add in the Port Redirection window to access the Redirect
Port window pictured below.
Redirect Port Window
The Redirect Port window presents five entry fields. The first field, Comment
can be used to assign an appropriate name to the new route, for our example we
will use the name HTTP Server. In the Internet Port field enter the designated
TCP or UDP protocol port number for the particular protocol packet you wish to
redirect. In our example an incoming HTTP packets use port 80. The local port is
the port used by the designated host on the LAN. In this case an HTTP server,
conventionally port 8080 is used for this purpose. Choose the protocol either TCP
or UDP from the pull-down Protocol menu. HTTP is defined within TCP. In the
Local Computer field supply the IP address of the local designated host
computer or device. Using our example you would enter the IP address of the
HTTP server.
Advanced Filter/Firewall
The Router features IP address filtering for improved network security. Incoming
or outgoing IP packets can be blocked and discarded. This allows you to restrict
communications from specific outside global IP addresses from entering your
network. You may also use it to restrict any specific host on the LAN from
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
accessing the Internet. The Router uses up to twelve IP filter sets and each set
contains up to seven filter environments for defining the terms of filtering.
Advanced Filtering and Firewall (Screen #1)
In the first window of the Advanced Filtering and Firewall feature choose Enable
from the IP Filter pull down menu and click OK to enable IP filtering. Then
click on the set number you wish to configure to proceed to the next window.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Advanced Filtering and Firewall (Screen #2)
In the second Advanced Filtering window you can supply a comment or name of
up to 15 characters for the set in the Set Comments field. Click OK to save the
comments. Next click on the number of the subset you want to configure to
proceed to the next window.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Advanced Filtering and Firewall (Screen #3)
In the third Advanced Filtering window you will define the terms or rule to be
used for filtering a specific IP address. Again you can supply a name for the
subset in the Comment field and click the box on the right to enable the Filter
Rule.
In the Pass or Block field select the action to be performed on the IP packets,
the default is Pass Immediately. Any blocked packets are simply dropped.
In the Direction field choose either In or Out from the pull down menu. Which
one you choose depends on whether you are blocking IP packets from coming into
the network (blocking a specific web site for example). Or alternatively you can
block packets originating at a specific IP address from leaving the LAN; this will
block Internet access for a specific host.
The Protocol field allows you to define the type of protocol of the packets to be
blocked.
You must next specify the Source and Destination IP Addresses as well as
their Subnet Mask. This will block the packets from or destined to any specified
IP address from passing through the Router.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Finally you can specify individual protocol ports or an entire range of protocol
ports to be blocked for the Source or Destination. Type the Start Port number
in either the Source or Destination row. If there is no port specified in the Start
Port column, the filter rule will be ignored. Use the <, >, = or ≠ in the pull down
menu to specify the port or range of ports to be filtered. Use the following guide
to define the port or port range:
< : specifies the port numbers less than and equal to the Start Port number
> : specifies the port numbers greater than and equal to the Start Port number
= : sets the port number equal to the Start Port if there is no End Port
specified; if an End Port number is specified, this defines a range of ports to
filter. The range is defined as the port numbers between the Start Port and
End Port, including the Start and End Port numbers.
≠ : the port number does not equal the Start Port if there is no End Port
specified; if an End Port number is specified, this defines a range of ports not
to filter. The range is defined as the port numbers between the Start Port and
End Port, including the Start and End Port numbers.
Connection Type
Connection Type (PPPoE/ PPPoA/ RFC 1483) Window
The connection method used by the Router for the ADSL connection to the ISPs
network is PPP over Ethernet, ATM, or Router with RFC 1483. If changes are
made with the connection type, click on save changes in the left column and the
click save configuration to store the new configurations.
To change the connection method, select from the pull down menu in the
Encapsulation Protocol under Connection Type. Make the selection and click OK.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Static IP Address Configuration
Static IP Address Configuration Window
In the Static IP Address Configuration window you will need to enter the global
IP address and subnet mask assigned to you by your ISP. If the ISP gives you a
default gateway IP address, enter that here as well.
You must also supply the VPI and VCI given to you by your ISP. Check the
values for all of the entries in this window to be certain that they are correct and
click OK.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Line Condition
Line Condition
In the statistics window you can monitor the characteristics of the ADSL
connection. From this window you can observe various performance statistics of
each end of the connection. These include:
Data Path: Displays the current data path type, Fast or Interleaved.
Operation Mode: Describes the modulation technique used to make the ADSL
connection. This will be either Discrete Multi-tone modulation (DMT) defined by
the G.dmt standard or DMT described by the G.lite standard.
Downstream Rate: Lists the downstream data transfer rate in Kbps.
Upstream Rate: Lists the upstream data transfer rate in Kbps.
Near End (ADSL Router connection a.k.a. ATU-R): Lists the number of data
transfer errors on the Router end of the ADSL connection. These errors are listed
according to the technique used to correct them. The techniques used are
Forward Error Correction (FEC), Cyclic Redundancy Control (CRC) and
Header Error Check (HEC).
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Far End (DSLAM): Lists the number of data transfer errors on the DSLAM end
of the ADSL connection. These errors are listed according to the technique used
to correct them. The techniques used are Forward Error Correction (FEC),
Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) and Header Error Control (HEC).
User Name and Password
User Name and Password Window
Use this window to change the User Name and Password used to access the
web-based manager. Type the new User Name and Old Password in their
respective fields. Type the New Password and confirm it in the Confirm New
Password field and click OK.
If you have forgotten your user name or password you can use the out-of-band
console manager to access this information. For details on how to use the console
manager to find the user name and password, see Chapter 5.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Save Changes
Save Changes Window
In order to save the configuration changes that have been made to the Router you
must save them to the Router’s non-volatile RAM. If you do not save the changes
the configuration settings will be lost in the event of a power loss or system halt.
Restart System
Restart System Window
Click Restart to apply new configuration settings made to the Router.
26
DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Update Firmware
Update Firmware Window
In order to keep pace with changes in ADSL standards and technology the DSL504 allows you to easily update the embedded firmware. You may obtain the
latest version of the DSL-504 firmware by logging onto the D-Link web site at
www.dlink.com. If you are connected to the Internet, you can access the D-Link
web site by clicking on the blue URL in the Update Firmware window.
The Update Firmware window lists the version of the firmware the Router is
currently using. If you would like to update, follow the instructions given on the
D-Link web site firmware update page to download the new firmware. You can
then use the DSL-504 Firmware Upgrade Utility included with the Router to
transfer the new firmware to the Router. For instructions on using the Upgrade
Utility software please read Appendix C.
The Installation CD-ROM included with the Router contains an installation file
for the DSL-504 Firmware Upgrade Utility. You should install this on the
computer you will use to make the occasional upgrades. Click on the setup.exe
file and the utility will be automatically installed.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Summary
Summary
This page provides summary statistics of the various features of the Router. The
list includes: PPPoE Login, (PPPoA Information will be displayed when using
PPPoA connection method), PVC, Connection Method, DHCP Configuration
and NAT Configuration.
!Note: If your connection type is set to PPPoA, then you will see the
summary of PPPoA information.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
4
Saving Changes
To save changes made to the Router configuration type config save and press
Enter, the current settings will be saved to nonvolatile RAM.
Finding the Password
If you forget the user name and password that allows you to access the web-based
manager you can retrieve this information using the console terminal interface.
To do this type flashfs cat initweb and you will see the user name and
password listed.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Contacting Technical Support
D-Link provides free technical support for customers within the United States.
U.S. customers can contact D-Link technical support through our web site,
e-mail, or by phone.
United States technical support is available Monday through Friday from 6:00
a.m. to 6:00 p.m. (PST).
Web:
http://www.dlink.com
Email:
support@dlink.com
Phone:
949-788-0805 (option #4)
If you are a customer residing outside of the United States, please refer
to the list of D-Link locations that is included in this manual.
Thank you for purchasing this product. We like to receive feedback from our
customers concerning our products. Please take a moment to visit our web site.
You can register your purchase on-line, learn more about the newest networking
products, and let us know the things your new network has empowered you to do.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Offices
AUSTRALIA
D-LINK AUSTRALASIA
Unit 16, 390 Eastern Valley Way, Roseville, NSW 2069, Australia
TEL: 61-2-9417-7100
FAX: 61-2-9417-1077
TOLL FREE: 1800-177-100 (Australia), 0800-900900 (New Zealand)
URL: www.dlink.com.au
E-MAIL: support@dlink.com.au, info@dlink.com.au
CANADA
D-LINK CANADA
2180 Winston Park Drive, Oakville, Ontario L6H 5W1 Canada
TEL: 1-905-829-5033
FAX: 1-905-829-5223
BBS: 1-965-279-8732
FREE CALL: 1-800-354-6522
URL: www.dlink.ca
FTP: ftp.dlinknet.com
E-MAIL: techsup@dlink.ca
CHILE
D-LINK SOUTH AMERICA
Isidora Goyenechea #2934 of.702, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
TEL: 56-2-232-3185
FAX: 56-2-2320923
URL: www.dlink.cl
E-MAIL: ccasassu@dlink.cl, tsilva@dlink.cl
DENMARK
D-LINK DENMARK
Naverland 2, DK-2600 Glostrup, Copenhagen, Denmark
TEL:45-43-969040
FAX:45-43-424347
URL: www.dlink.dk
E-MAIL: info@dlink.dk
EGYPT
D-LINK MIDDLE EAST
7 Assem Ebn Sabet Street, Heliopolis Cairo, Egypt
TEL: 202-2456176
FAX: 202-2456192
URL: www.dlink-me.com
E-MAIL: support@dlink-me.com, fateen@dlink-me.com
FRANCE
D-LINK FRANCE
Le Florilege #2, Allee de la Fresnerie
78330 Fontenay Le Fleury France
TEL: 33-1-30238688
FAX: 33-1-3023-8689
URL: www.dlink-france.fr
E-MAIL: info@dlink-france.fr
GERMANY
D-LINK CENTRAL EUROPE/D-LINK DEUSTSCHLAND GMBH
Schwalbacher Strasse 74, 65760 Eschborn Germany
TEL: 49-(0) 6196-7799-0
FAX: 49-(0) 6196-7799-300
URL: www.dlink.de
E-MAIL: mbischoff@dlink.de, mboerner@dlink.de
INDIA
D-LINK INDIA
Plot No.5, Kurla-Bandra Complex Road,
Off Cst Road, Santacruz (E), Bombay - 400 098 India
TEL: 91-22-652-6696
FAX: 91-22-652-8914
URL: www.dlink-india.com
E-MAIL: service@dlink.india.com
ITALY
D-LINK ITALY
Via Nino Bonnet No. 6/b, 20154 Milano, Italy
TEL: 39-02-2900-0676
FAX: 39-02-2900-1723
E-MAIL: info@dlink.it
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
JAPAN
URL: www.dlink.it
D-LINK JAPAN
10F, 8-8-15 Nishi-Gotanda, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141 Japan
TEL: 81-3-5434-9678
FAX: 81-3-5434-9868
URL: www.d-link.co.jp
E-MAIL: kida@d-link.co.jp
RUSSIA
D-LINK RUSSIA
Michurinski Prospekt 49, 117607 Moscow, Russia
TEL: 7-095-737-3389, 7-095-737-3492
FAX: 7-095-737-3390
E-MAIL: vl@dlink.ru
SINGAPORE
D-LINK INTERNATIONAL
1 International Business Park, #03-12 The Synergy, Singapore 609917
TEL: 65-774-6233
FAX: 65-774-6322
URL: www.dlink-intl.com
E-MAIL: info@dlink.com.sg
S. AFRICA
D-LINK SOUTH AFRICA
Unit 2, Parkside 86 Oak Avenue
Highveld Technopark Centurion, Gauteng, Republic of South Africa
TEL: 27(0)126652165
FAX: 27(0)126652186
CELL NO: 0826010806 (Bertus Moller)
CELL NO: 0826060013 (Attie Pienaar)
E-MAIL: bertus@d-link.co.za, attie@d-link.co.za
SWEDEN
D-LINK SWEDEN
P.O. Box 15036, S-167 15 Bromma Sweden
TEL: 46-(0)8564-61900
FAX: 46-(0)8564-61901
E-MAIL: info@dlink.se
URL: www.dlink.se
TAIWAN
D-LINK TAIWAN
2F, No. 119 Pao-Chung Road, Hsin-Tien, Taipei, Taiwan
TEL: 886-2-2910-2626
FAX: 886-2-2910-1515
URL: www.dlinktw.com.tw
E-MAIL: dssqa@tsc.dlinktw.com.tw
U.K.
D-LINK EUROPE
D-Link (Europe) Ltd. 4th Floor Merit House,
Edgware Road, Colindale, London NW95AB U.K.
TEL: 44-20-8731-5555
FAX: 44-20-8731-5511
URL: www.dlink.co.uk
E-MAIL: info@dlink.co.uk
U.S.A
D-LINK U.S.A.
53 Discovery Drive, Irvine, CA 92618 USA
TEL: 1-949-788-0805
FAX: 1-949-753-7033
INFO LINE: 1-800-326-1688
BBS: 1-949-455-1779, 1-949-455-9616
URL: www.dlink.com
E-MAIL: tech@dlink.com, support@dlink.com
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
A
Technical Specifications
General
Standards:
ITU G.992.1 (G.dmt)
ITU G.992.2 (G.lite)
ITU G.994.1 (G.Hs)
ITU-T Rec. I.361
ITU-T Rec. I.610
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3u
IEEE 802.1d
RFC 791 (IP Routing)
RFC 792 (UDP)
RFC 826 (ARP)
RFC 1058 (RIP 1)
RFC 1389 (RIP 2)
RFC 1213 compliant
RFC 1483 (Bridged
Ethernet)
RFC 1577 (IP over
ATM)
RFC 1661 (PPP)
RFC 1994 (CHAP)
RFC 1334 (PAP)
RFC 2364 (PPP over
ATM)
RFC 1631 (NAT)
RFC 1877 (Automatic
IP assignment)
RFC 2516 (PPP over
Ethernet)
Supports RFC 2131
and RFC 2132 (DHCP)
Compatible with all
T1.413 issue 2 (full
rate DMT over analog
POTS), and CO
DSLAM equipment
Supports ATM Forum
UNI V3.1/4.0 PVC
Protocols:
TCP/IP
DHCP
UDP
BOOTP
RIP-1
ARP
RIP-2
AAL5
Data Transfer G.dmt full rate: Downstream up to 8 Mbps
Rate:
Upstream up to 640 Kbps
G.lite: Downstream up to 1.5 Mbps
Upstream up to 512 Kbps
Media
Interface
Exchange:
RJ-11 port ADSL telephone line connection
RJ-45 port for 10/100 Mbps Ethernet connection
(MDI-X)
RS-232 (DB9 female) console port for local
configuration
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Physical and Environmental
34
DC inputs:
Input: 120V AC 60Hz 24W
Power
Adapter:
Output: 12V DC 1.0 A
Power
Consumption:
10 Watts (max)
Operating
Temperature:
0° to 50° C (32° - 122° F)
Humidity:
5 to 95% (non-condensing)
Dimensions:
215 mm x 163 mm x 45 mm
Weight:
455 gm (1 lb.)
EMI:
CE Class B FCC Class B
Safety:
UL/CUL TUV
Reliability:
Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) min. 4 years
DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
B
IP Concepts
This appendix describes some basic IP concepts, the TCP/IP addressing scheme
and shows how to assign IP Addresses.
When setting up the Router, you must make sure it has a valid IP address. Even
if you will not use the WAN port (ADSL port), you should, at the very least, make
sure the Ethernet LAN port is assigned a valid IP address. This is required for
telnet, in-band SNMP management, and related functions such as “trap”
handling and TFTP firmware download.
IP Addresses
The Internet Protocol (IP) was designed for routing data between network sites
all over the world, and was later adapted for routing data between networks
within any site (often referred to as “subnetworks” or “subnets”). IP includes a
system by which a unique number can be assigned to each of the millions of
networks and each of the computers on those networks. Such a number is called
an IP address.
To make IP addresses easy to understand, the originators of IP adopted a system
of representation called “dotted decimal” or “dotted quad” notation. Below are
examples of IP addresses written in this format:
201.202.203.204
189.21.241.56
125.87.0.1
Each of the four values in an IP address is the ordinary decimal (base 10)
representation of a value that a computer can handle using eight “bits” (binary
digits — 1s and 0s). The dots are simply convenient visual separators.
Zeros are often used as placeholders in dotted decimal notation; 189.21.241.56
can therefore also appear as 189.021.241.056.
IP networks are divided into three classes on the basis of size. A full IP address
contains a network portion and a “host” (device) portion. The network and host
portions of the address are different lengths for different classes of networks, as
shown in the table below.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Networks attached to the Internet are assigned class types that determine the
maximum number of possible hosts per network. The previous figure illustrates
how the net and host portions of the IP address differ among the three classes.
Class A is assigned to networks that have more than 65,535 hosts; Class B is for
networks that have 256 to 65534 hosts; Class C is for networks with less than
256 hosts.
Cla
ss
A
B
C
IP Network Classes
Maximum
Network Addresses
Number of
(Host Portion in
Networks
Parenthesis)
in Class
126
1(.0.0.0) to 126(.0.0.0)
16,382
128.1(.0.0) to 191.254(
.0.0)
2,097,150
192.0.1(.0) to
223.255.254(.0)
Maximum
Number of
Hosts per
Network
16,777,214
65,534
254
Note: All network addresses outside of these ranges (Class D and E) are either reserved or set
aside for experimental networks or multicasting.
When an IP address's host portion contains only zero(s), the address identifies a
network and not a host. No physical device may be given such an address.
The network portion must start with a value from 1 to 126 or from 128 to 223.
Any other value(s) in the network portion may be from 0 to 255, except that in
class B the network addresses 128.0.0.0 and 191.255.0.0 are reserved, and in
class C the network addresses 192.0.0.0 and 223.255.255.0 are reserved.
The value(s) in the host portion of a physical device's IP address can be in the
range of 0 through 255 as long as this portion is not all-0 or all-255. Values
outside the range of 0 to 255 can never appear in an IP address (0 to 255 is the
full range of integer values that can be expressed with eight bits).
The network portion must be the same for all the IP devices on a discrete
physical network (a single Ethernet LAN, for example, or a WAN link). The host
portion must be different for each IP device — or, to be more precise, each IPcapable port or interface — connected directly to that network.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
The network portion of an IP address will be referred to in this manual as a
network number; the host portion will be referred to as a host number.
To connect to the Internet or to any private IP network that uses an Internetassigned network number, you must obtain a registered IP network number from
an Internet-authorized network information center. In many countries you must
apply through a government agency, however they can usually be obtained from
your Internet Service Provider (ISP).
If your organization's networks are, and will always remain, a closed system with
no connection to the Internet or to any other IP network, you can choose your
own network numbers as long as they conform to the above rules.
If your networks are isolated from the Internet, e.g. only between your two
branch offices, you can assign any IP Addresses to hosts without problems.
However, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has reserved the
following three blocks of IP Addresses specifically for private (stub) networks:
Class
A
B
C
Beginning
Address
10.0.0.0
172.16.0.0
192.168.0.0
Ending
Address
10.255.255.255
172.31.255.255
192.168.255.25
5
It is recommended that you choose private network IP Addresses from the above list. For
more information on address assignment, refer to RFC 1597, Address Allocation for Private
Internets and RFC 1466, Guidelines for Management of IP Address Space.
Subnet Mask
In the absence of subnetworks, specifying subnet masks as shown below may use
standard TCP/IP addressing.
IP Class
Class A
Class B
Class C
Subnet Mask
255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0
Subnet mask settings other than those listed above add significance to the
interpretation of bits in the IP address. The bits of the subnet mask correspond
directly to the bits of the IP address. Any bit an a subnet mask that is to
correspond to a net ID bit in the IP address must be set to 1.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
C
DSL-504 Firmware Upgrade Utility
You can update system firmware using the DSL-504 Firmware Upgrade Utility.
To upgrade the Router’s firmware you must have installed this software on the
PC you wish to use for this purpose. Install the utility by clicking the file named
setup.exe located on the Installation CD-ROM. It will be installed automatically.
It is recommended that the PC be directly connected to the Router using a
crossed cable, however you may upgrade it through the LAN from a remote host.
You also need to download the latest firmware version file from the D-Link web
site to the PC on which you will use the Upgrade Utility. Instructions for
downloading the firmware are located on the D-Link web site at www.dlink.com.
To launch the DSL-504 Firmware Upgrade Utility, click on the icon. Allow a few
moments for the software to discover the Router on the network. After the
discovery phase the following window will appear. You will see all the DSL-504
Routers on your network. You can identify individual devices by either its IP
address or its MAC address. Select the device you wish to upgrade by double
clicking on it.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
When you select a Router to upgrade you will be prompted for a password. The
default password is Admin. If you want to change the password, you can change
it using the console manager interface as described in Chapter 5.
Enter the password and click OK.
In the new window you will see the MAC address of the Router and the IP
address of the PC you are using. The PC and the Router must be on the same
subnet for the upgrade to be completed. The upgrade utility will suggest a new IP
address to be temporarily assigned to the device during the firmware upgrade
procedure. Check the suggested IP address listed for the Router to be sure that it
does not conflict with any existing IP addresses on your network. To change the
temporary IP address of the Router, type in an available IP address in the space
provided. You should change only the host portion of the address.
To upload the new firmware to the selected Router, click the ‘Upgrade’ button.
The utility will automatically load the new firmware. During the upgrade process
it is important that you allow the entire file to load onto the device. Do not turn
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
off the Router while the flash memory is being updated. A warning will appear
during the upgrade reminding you not to power off the device.
When the new firmware has been successfully loaded a new window will inform
you of the upgrade and tell you that the Router has been restarted. Click OK to
proceed.
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DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
Wichtige Sicherheitshinweise
1. Bitte lesen Sie sich diese Hinweise sorgfältig durch.
2. Heben Sie diese Anleitung für den spätern Gebrauch auf.
3. Vor jedem Reinigen ist das Gerät vom Stromnetz zu trennen. Vervenden Sie keine Flüssig- oder Aerosolreiniger. Am
besten dient ein angefeuchtetes Tuch zur Reinigung.
4. Um eine Beschädigung des Gerätes zu vermeiden sollten Sie nur Zubehörteile verwenden, die vom Hersteller zugelassen
sind.
5. Das Gerät is vor Feuchtigkeit zu schützen.
6. Bei der Aufstellung des Gerätes ist auf sichern Stand zu achten. Ein Kippen oder Fallen könnte Verletzungen
hervorrufen. Verwenden Sie nur sichere Standorte und beachten Sie die Aufstellhinweise des Herstellers.
7. Die Belüftungsöffnungen dienen zur Luftzirkulation die das Gerät vor Überhitzung schützt. Sorgen Sie dafür, daß diese
Öffnungen nicht abgedeckt werden.
8. Beachten Sie beim Anschluß an das Stromnetz die Anschlußwerte.
9. Die Netzanschlußsteckdose muß aus Gründen der elektrischen Sicherheit einen Schutzleiterkontakt haben.
10. Verlegen Sie die Netzanschlußleitung so, daß niemand darüber fallen kann. Es sollete auch nichts auf der Leitung
abgestellt werden.
11. Alle Hinweise und Warnungen die sich am Geräten befinden sind zu beachten.
12. Wird das Gerät über einen längeren Zeitraum nicht benutzt, sollten Sie es vom Stromnetz trennen. Somit wird im Falle
einer Überspannung eine Beschädigung vermieden.
13. Durch die Lüftungsöffnungen dürfen niemals Gegenstände oder Flüssigkeiten in das Gerät gelangen. Dies könnte einen
Brand bzw. Elektrischen Schlag auslösen.
14. Öffnen Sie niemals das Gerät. Das Gerät darf aus Gründen der elektrischen Sicherheit nur von authorisiertem
Servicepersonal geöffnet werden.
15. Wenn folgende Situationen auftreten ist das Gerät vom Stromnetz zu trennen und von einer qualifizierten Servicestelle zu
überprüfen:
a – Netzkabel oder Netzstecker sint beschädigt.
b – Flüssigkeit ist in das Gerät eingedrungen.
c – Das Gerät war Feuchtigkeit ausgesetzt.
d – Wenn das Gerät nicht der Bedienungsanleitung ensprechend funktioniert oder Sie mit Hilfe dieser Anleitung keine
Verbesserung erzielen.
e – Das Gerät ist gefallen und/oder das Gehäuse ist beschädigt.
f – Wenn das Gerät deutliche Anzeichen eines Defektes aufweist.
16. Bei Reparaturen dürfen nur Orginalersatzteile bzw. den Orginalteilen entsprechende Teile verwendet werden. Der
Einsatz von ungeeigneten Ersatzteilen kann eine weitere Beschädigung hervorrufen.
17. Wenden Sie sich mit allen Fragen die Service und Repartur betreffen an Ihren Servicepartner. Somit stellen Sie die
Betriebssicherheit des Gerätes sicher.
18. Zum Netzanschluß dieses Gerätes ist eine geprüfte Leitung zu verwenden, Für einen Nennstrom bis 6A und einem
Gerätegewicht großer 3kg ist eine Leitung nicht leichter als H05VV-F, 3G, 0.75mm2 einzusetzen
Limited Warranty
Hardware:
D-LINK WARRANTS EACH OF ITS HARDWARE PRODUCTS TO BE FREE FROM DEFECTS IN WORKMANSHIP AND
MATERIALS UNDER NORMAL USE AND SERVICE FOR A PERIOD COMMENCING ON THE DATE OF PURCHASE FROM
D-LINK OR ITS AUTHORIZED RESELLER AND EXTENDING FOR THE LENGTH OF TIME STIPULATED BY THE
AUTHORIZED RESELLER OR D-LINK BRANCH OFFICE NEAREST TO THE PLACE OF PURCHASE.
THIS WARRANTY APPLIES ON THE CONDITION THAT THE PRODUCT REGISTRATION CARD IS FILLED OUT AND
RETURNED TO A D-LINK OFFICE WITHIN NINETY (90) DAYS OF PURCHASE. A LIST OF D-LINK OFFICES IS PROVIDED AT
THE BACK OF THIS MANUAL, TOGETHER WITH A COPY OF THE REGISTRATION CARD.
IF THE PRODUCT PROVES DEFECTIVE WITHIN THE APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIOD, D-LINK WILL PROVIDE REPAIR
OR REPLACEMENT OF THE PRODUCT. D-LINK SHALL HAVE THE SOLE DISCRETION WHETHER TO REPAIR OR REPLACE,
AND REPLACEMENT PRODUCT MAY BE NEW OR RECONDITIONED. REPLACEMENT PRODUCT SHALL BE OF
EQUIVALENT OR BETTER SPECIFICATIONS, RELATIVE TO THE DEFECTIVE PRODUCT, BUT NEED NOT BE IDENTICAL.
ANY PRODUCT OR PART REPAIRED BY D-LINK PURSUANT TO THIS WARRANTY SHALL HAVE A WARRANTY PERIOD OF
NOT LESS THAN 90 DAYS, FROM DATE OF SUCH REPAIR, IRRESPECTIVE OF ANY EARLIER EXPIRATION OF ORIGINAL
WARRANTY PERIOD. WHEN D-LINK PROVIDES REPLACEMENT, THEN THE DEFECTIVE PRODUCT BECOMES THE
PROPERTY OF D-LINK.
45
DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
WARRANTY SERVICE MAY BE OBTAINED BY CONTACTING A D-LINK OFFICE WITHIN THE APPLICABLE WARRANTY
PERIOD, AND REQUESTING A RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION (RMA) NUMBER. IF A REGISTRATION CARD FOR
THE PRODUCT IN QUESTION HAS NOT BEEN RETURNED TO D-LINK, THEN A PROOF OF PURCHASE (SUCH AS A COPY OF
THE DATED PURCHASE INVOICE) MUST BE PROVIDED. IF PURCHASER'S CIRCUMSTANCES REQUIRE SPECIAL
HANDLING OF WARRANTY CORRECTION, THEN AT THE TIME OF REQUESTING RMA NUMBER, PURCHASER MAY ALSO
PROPOSE SPECIAL PROCEDURE AS MAY BE SUITABLE TO THE CASE.
AFTER AN RMA NUMBER IS ISSUED, THE DEFECTIVE PRODUCT MUST BE PACKAGED SECURELY IN THE ORIGINAL OR
OTHER SUITABLE SHIPPING PACKAGE TO ENSURE THAT IT WILL NOT BE DAMAGED IN TRANSIT, AND THE RMA
NUMBER MUST BE PROMINENTLY MARKED ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE PACKAGE. THE PACKAGE MUST BE MAILED OR
OTHERWISE SHIPPED TO D-LINK WITH ALL COSTS OF MAILING/SHIPPING/INSURANCE PREPAID. D-LINK SHALL NEVER
BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY SOFTWARE, FIRMWARE, INFORMATION, OR MEMORY DATA OF PURCHASER CONTAINED
IN, STORED ON, OR INTEGRATED WITH ANY PRODUCT RETURNED TO D-LINK PURSUANT TO THIS WARRANTY.
ANY PACKAGE RETURNED TO D-LINK WITHOUT AN RMA NUMBER WILL BE REJECTED AND SHIPPED BACK TO
PURCHASER AT PURCHASER'S EXPENSE, AND D-LINK RESERVES THE RIGHT IN SUCH A CASE TO LEVY A REASONABLE
HANDLING CHARGE IN ADDITION MAILING OR SHIPPING COSTS.
Software:
WARRANTY SERVICE FOR SOFTWARE PRODUCTS MAY BE OBTAINED BY CONTACTING A D-LINK OFFICE WITHIN THE
APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIOD. A LIST OF D-LINK OFFICES IS PROVIDED AT THE BACK OF THIS MANUAL,
TOGETHER WITH A COPY OF THE REGISTRATION CARD. IF A REGISTRATION CARD FOR THE PRODUCT IN QUESTION
HAS NOT BEEN RETURNED TO A D-LINK OFFICE, THEN A PROOF OF PURCHASE (SUCH AS A COPY OF THE DATED
PURCHASE INVOICE) MUST BE PROVIDED WHEN REQUESTING WARRANTY SERVICE. THE TERM "PURCHASE" IN THIS
SOFTWARE WARRANTY REFERS TO THE PURCHASE TRANSACTION AND RESULTING LICENSE TO USE SUCH
SOFTWARE.
D-LINK WARRANTS THAT ITS SOFTWARE PRODUCTS WILL PERFORM IN SUBSTANTIAL CONFORMANCE WITH THE
APPLICABLE PRODUCT DOCUMENTATION PROVIDED BY D-LINK WITH SUCH SOFTWARE PRODUCT, FOR A PERIOD OF
NINETY (90) DAYS FROM THE DATE OF PURCHASE FROM D-LINK OR ITS AUTHORIZED RESELLER. D-LINK WARRANTS
THE MAGNETIC MEDIA, ON WHICH D-LINK PROVIDES ITS SOFTWARE PRODUCT, AGAINST FAILURE DURING THE SAME
WARRANTY PERIOD. THIS WARRANTY APPLIES TO PURCHASED SOFTWARE, AND TO REPLACEMENT SOFTWARE
PROVIDED BY D-LINK PURSUANT TO THIS WARRANTY, BUT SHALL NOT APPLY TO ANY UPDATE OR REPLACEMENT
WHICH MAY BE PROVIDED FOR DOWNLOAD VIA THE INTERNET, OR TO ANY UPDATE WHICH MAY OTHERWISE BE
PROVIDED FREE OF CHARGE.
D-LINK'S SOLE OBLIGATION UNDER THIS SOFTWARE WARRANTY SHALL BE TO REPLACE ANY DEFECTIVE SOFTWARE
PRODUCT WITH PRODUCT WHICH SUBSTANTIALLY CONFORMS TO D-LINK'S APPLICABLE PRODUCT
DOCUMENTATION. PURCHASER ASSUMES RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE SELECTION OF APPROPRIATE APPLICATION AND
SYSTEM/PLATFORM SOFTWARE AND ASSOCIATED REFERENCE MATERIALS. D-LINK MAKES NO WARRANTY THAT ITS
SOFTWARE PRODUCTS WILL WORK IN COMBINATION WITH ANY HARDWARE, OR ANY APPLICATION OR
SYSTEM/PLATFORM SOFTWARE PRODUCT PROVIDED BY ANY THIRD PARTY, EXCEPTING ONLY SUCH PRODUCTS AS
ARE EXPRESSLY REPRESENTED, IN D-LINK'S APPLICABLE PRODUCT DOCUMENTATION AS BEING COMPATIBLE.
D-LINK'S OBLIGATION UNDER THIS WARRANTY SHALL BE A REASONABLE EFFORT TO PROVIDE COMPATIBILITY, BUT
D-LINK SHALL HAVE NO OBLIGATION TO PROVIDE COMPATIBILITY WHEN THERE IS FAULT IN THE THIRD-PARTY
HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE. D-LINK MAKES NO WARRANTY THAT OPERATION OF ITS SOFTWARE PRODUCTS WILL BE
UNINTERRUPTED OR ABSOLUTELY ERROR-FREE, AND NO WARRANTY THAT ALL DEFECTS IN THE SOFTWARE
PRODUCT, WITHIN OR WITHOUT THE SCOPE OF D-LINK'S APPLICABLE PRODUCT DOCUMENTATION, WILL BE
CORRECTED.
Warranty Period
FOR WARRANTY IN YOUR REGION, PLEASE CHECK WITH YOUR LOCAL D-LINK OFFICE AND AUTHORIZED AGENTS AS
WARRANTY PERIODS MAY VARY FROM REGION TO REGION.
THE WARRANTY FOR POWER SUPPLIES AND POWER ADAPTERS IS ONE YEAR.
D-Link Offices for Registration and Warranty Service
THE PRODUCT'S REGISTRATION CARD, PROVIDED AT THE BACK OF THIS MANUAL, MUST BE SENT TO A D-LINK
OFFICE. TO OBTAIN AN RMA NUMBER FOR WARRANTY SERVICE AS TO A HARDWARE PRODUCT, OR TO OBTAIN
WARRANTY SERVICE AS TO A SOFTWARE PRODUCT, CONTACT THE D-LINK OFFICE NEAREST YOU. AN
ADDRESS/TELEPHONE/FAX/E-MAIL/WEB SITE LIST OF D-LINK OFFICES IS PROVIDED IN THE BACK OF THIS MANUAL.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTIES
IF THE D-LINK PRODUCT DOES NOT OPERATE AS WARRANTED ABOVE, THE CUSTOMER'S SOLE REMEDY SHALL BE, AT
D-LINK'S OPTION, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT. THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES ARE EXCLUSIVE AND
ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, EITHER IN FACT OR BY OPERATION OF LAW,
STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. D-LINK NEITHER ASSUMES NOR AUTHORIZES ANY OTHER PERSON TO ASSUME FOR IT ANY OTHER
LIABILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THE SALE, INSTALLATION MAINTENANCE OR USE OF D-LINK'S PRODUCTS
D-LINK SHALL NOT BE LIABLE UNDER THIS WARRANTY IF ITS TESTING AND EXAMINATION DISCLOSE THAT THE
ALLEGED DEFECT IN THE PRODUCT DOES NOT EXIST OR WAS CAUSED BY THE CUSTOMER'S OR ANY THIRD PERSON'S
MISUSE, NEGLECT, IMPROPER INSTALLATION OR TESTING, UNAUTHORIZED ATTEMPTS TO REPAIR, OR ANY OTHER
CAUSE BEYOND THE RANGE OF THE INTENDED USE, OR BY ACCIDENT, FIRE, LIGHTNING OR OTHER HAZARD.
46
DSL-504 ADSL Router User’s Guide
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
IN NO EVENT WILL D-LINK BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOSS OF DATA, LOSS OF PROFITS, COST OF
COVER OR OTHER INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INDIRECT DAMAGES ARISING OUT THE INSTALLATION,
MAINTENANCE, USE, PERFORMANCE, FAILURE OR INTERRUPTION OF A D- LINK PRODUCT, HOWEVER CAUSED AND
ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY. THIS LIMITATION WILL APPLY EVEN IF D-LINK HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
IF YOU PURCHASED A D-LINK PRODUCT IN THE UNITED STATES, SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR
EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT
APPLY TO YOU.
Trademarks
Copyright 2000 D-Link Corporation.
Contents subject to change without prior notice.
D-Link is a registered trademark of D-Link Corporation/D-Link Systems, Inc.
All other trademarks belong to their respective proprietors.
Copyright Statement
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any
derivative such as translation, transformation, or adaptation without permission from D-Link
Corporation/D-Link Systems Inc., as stipulated by the United States Copyright Act of 1976
FCC Warning
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This generates, uses and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
-Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
-Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
-Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
-Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio interference
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
VCCI Class B Warning
47
Registration Card
Print, type or use block letters.
Your name: Mr./Ms__________________________________________________________________________
Organization: ____________________________________________Dept.______________________________
Your title at organization:_____________________________________________________________________
Telephone:_________________________________________ Fax:___________________________________
Organization's full address:___________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Country:__________________________________________________________________________________
Date of purchase (Month/Day/Year):____________________________________________________________
Product
Model
Product Serial No.
* Product installed in type of
computer (e.g., Compaq 486)
* Product installed in computer serial No.
(* Applies to adapters only)
Product was purchased from:
Reseller's name:____________________________________________________________________________
Telephone:_________________________________________ Fax:___________________________________
Reseller's full address:_______________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Answers to the following questions help us to support your product:
1. Where and how will the product primarily be used?
Home Office Travel Company Business Home Business Personal Use
2. How many employees work at installation site?
1 employee 2-9 10-49 50-99 100-499 500-999 1000 or more
3. What network protocol(s) does your organization use ?
XNS/IPX TCP/IP DECnet Others_______________________________________________________
4. What network operating system(s) does your organization use ?
D-Link LANsmart Novell NetWare NetWare Lite SCO Unix/Xenix PC NFS 3Com 3+Open
Banyan Vines DECnet Pathwork Windows NT Windows NTAS Windows '95
Others________________________________________________________________________________
5. What network management program does your organization use ?
D-View HP OpenView/Windows HP OpenView/Unix SunNet Manager Novell NMS
NetView 6000 Others___________________________________________________________________
6. What network medium/media does your organization use ?
Fiber-optics Thick coax Ethernet Thin coax Ethernet 10BASE-T UTP/STP
100BASE-TX 100BASE-T4 100VGAnyLAN Others_________________________________________
7. What applications are used on your network?
Desktop publishing Spreadsheet Word processing CAD/CAM
Database management Accounting Others_________________________________________________
8. What category best describes your company?
Aerospace Engineering Education Finance Hospital Legal Insurance/Real Estate Manufacturing
Retail/Chainstore/Wholesale Government Transportation/Utilities/Communication VAR
System house/company Other____________________________________________________________
9. Would you recommend your D-Link product to a friend?
Yes No Don't know yet
10.Your comments on this product? _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
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