User guide | Dodge 2005 Ram 2500 Automobile User Manual

ThinkStation
User Guide
Machine Types: 7782, 7783, 7821, 7823, and 7824
Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read and understand the
“Important safety information” on page iii and Appendix A “Notices” on page 77
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Third Edition (December 2011)
© Copyright Lenovo 2011.
LIMITED AND RESTRICTED RIGHTS NOTICE: If data or software is delivered pursuant a General Services Administration
“GSA” contract, use, reproduction, or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in Contract No. GS-35F-05925.
Contents
Important safety information . . . . .
Service and upgrades . . . . . .
Static electricity prevention . . . .
Power cords and power adapters .
Extension cords and related devices
Plugs and outlets. . . . . . . .
External devices . . . . . . . .
Heat and product ventilation . . .
Operating environment . . . . .
Modem safety information . . . .
Laser compliance statement . . .
Power supply statement . . . . .
Cleaning and maintenance . . . .
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Chapter 1. Product overview . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software overview . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software provided by Lenovo . . . . . . .
Adobe Reader . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antivirus software. . . . . . . . . . . .
Locations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating connectors, controls, and indicators
on the front of your computer . . . . . . .
Locating connectors on the rear of your
computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating components . . . . . . . . . .
Locating parts on the system board . . . .
Locating internal drives . . . . . . . . .
Machine type and model label . . . . . . .
Chapter 2. You and your computer . .
Accessibility and comfort . . . . . . . .
Arranging your workspace . . . . . .
Comfort . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glare and lighting . . . . . . . . . .
Air circulation . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical outlets and cable lengths . . .
Register your computer with Lenovo . . . .
Moving your computer to another country or
region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage-selection switch . . . . . . .
Replacement power cords . . . . . .
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Chapter 3. Security . . . . . . . . . .
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Security features . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locking the computer cover . . . . . . . . .
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Attaching an integrated cable lock
Using passwords. . . . . . .
BIOS passwords . . . . .
Windows passwords . . .
Configuring the fingerprint reader
Using and understanding firewalls
Protecting data against viruses .
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Chapter 4. Installing or replacing
hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Handling static-sensitive devices . . . . .
Installing or replacing hardware . . . . . .
Installing external options . . . . . .
Removing the computer cover. . . . .
Removing and reinstalling the front bezel
Installing or replacing a PCI card . . . .
Installing or replacing a memory module .
Installing or replacing the optical drive .
Replacing the card reader . . . . . .
Replacing the power supply assembly .
Replacing the heat sink and fan assembly
Replacing the primary hard disk drive . .
Replacing the secondary hard disk drive.
Replacing the front fan assembly . . .
Replacing the rear fan assembly . . . .
Replacing the keyboard or mouse . . .
Completing the parts replacement . . .
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Chapter 5. Recovery information . . .
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Creating and using recovery media . . . . .
Creating recovery media . . . . . . . .
Using recovery media . . . . . . . . .
Performing backup and recovery operations . .
Performing a backup operation . . . . .
Performing a recovery operation . . . . .
Using the Rescue and Recovery workspace . .
Creating and using a rescue medium . . . . .
Creating a rescue medium . . . . . . .
Using a rescue medium . . . . . . . .
Reinstalling preinstalled applications and device
drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reinstalling software programs . . . . . . .
Reinstalling device drivers . . . . . . . . .
Solving recovery problems . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 6. Using the Setup Utility
program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Starting the Setup Utility program . . . . . . .
Viewing and changing settings . . . . . . . .
Using passwords. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password considerations . . . . . . . . .
Power-On Password . . . . . . . . . .
Administrator Password . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Password. . . . . . . . . . .
Setting, changing, and deleting a password .
Erasing lost or forgotten passwords (clearing
CMOS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling or disabling a device . . . . . . . .
Selecting a startup device . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting a temporary startup device . . . .
Selecting or changing the startup device
sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling ErP compliance mode . . . . . . . .
Smart performance choices . . . . . . . . .
Exiting the Setup Utility program . . . . . . .
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Chapter 7. Configuring RAID . . . . .
RAID Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the system BIOS to enable SATA RAID
functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating RAID volumes . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting RAID volumes . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting disks to non-RAID . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 8. Updating system
programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using system programs . . . . . . . . . .
Updating (flashing) the BIOS from a disc . . .
Updating (flashing) the BIOS from your operating
system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovering from a POST/BIOS update failure .
Basic troubleshooting . . . . . .
Diagnostic programs . . . . . .
Lenovo Solution Center . . .
Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox .
PC-Doctor for DOS . . . . .
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ThinkStation User Guide
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Chapter 10. Getting information, help,
and service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
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Appendix A. Notices . . . . . . . . . .
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Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix B. Regulatory
information . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Appendix C. WEEE and recycling
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Chapter 9. Troubleshooting and
diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lenovo Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning an optical mouse . . . . . . . .
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Information resources . . . . . . . . . .
Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools . . . . . .
Lenovo Welcome . . . . . . . . . .
Help and Support. . . . . . . . . .
Safety and Warranty. . . . . . . . .
Lenovo Web site (http://www.lenovo.com)
Lenovo Support Web site. . . . . . .
Help and service . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the documentation and diagnostic
programs . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calling for service. . . . . . . . . .
Using other services . . . . . . . .
Purchasing additional services . . . .
Export classification notice . . . . . . .
Television output notice . . . . . . . .
Electronic emissions notices . . . . . .
Federal Communications Commission
Declaration of Conformity . . . . .
Additional regulatory information . . . .
Important information for the European Directive
2002/96/EC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recycling information . . . . . . . . . . .
Recycling information for Brazil . . . . . . .
Battery recycling information for Taiwan . . . .
Battery recycling information for the European
Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Important safety information
CAUTION:
Before using this manual, be sure to read and understand all the related safety information for this
product. Refer to the information in this section and the safety information in the ThinkStation Safety
and Warranty Guide that you received with this product. Reading and understanding this safety
information reduces the risk of personal injury and damage to your product.
If you no longer have a copy of the ThinkStation Safety and Warranty Guide, you can obtain a Portable
Document Format (PDF) version from the Lenovo® Support Web site at http://support.lenovo.com. The
Lenovo Support Web site also provides the ThinkStation Safety and Warranty Guide and this ThinkStation
User Guide in additional languages.
Service and upgrades
Do not attempt to service a product yourself unless instructed to do so by the Customer Support Center or
your documentation. Only use a Service Provider who is approved to repair your particular product.
Note: Some computer parts can be upgraded or replaced by the customer. Upgrades typically are
referred to as options. Replacement parts approved for customer installation are referred to as Customer
Replaceable Units, or CRUs. Lenovo provides documentation with instructions when it is appropriate for
customers to install options or replace CRUs. You must closely follow all instructions when installing or
replacing parts. The Off state of a power indicator does not necessarily mean that voltage levels inside a
product are zero. Before you remove the covers from a product equipped with a power cord, always make
sure that the power is turned off and that the product is unplugged from any power source. For more
information on CRUs, refer to Chapter 4 “Installing or replacing hardware” on page 25. If you have any
questions or concerns, contact the Customer Support Center.
Although there are no moving parts in your computer after the power cord has been disconnected, the
following warnings are required for your safety.
CAUTION:
Hazardous moving parts. Keep fingers and other body parts away.
CAUTION:
Before replacing any CRUs, turn off the computer and wait three to five minutes to let the computer
cool before opening the cover.
Static electricity prevention
Static electricity, although harmless to you, can seriously damage computer components and options.
Improper handling of static-sensitive parts can cause damage to the part. When you unpack an option
© Copyright Lenovo 2011
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or CRU, do not open the static-protective package containing the part until the instructions direct you
to install it.
When you handle options or CRUs, or perform any work inside the computer, take the following precautions
to avoid static-electricity damage:
• Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you.
• Always handle components carefully. Handle adapters, memory modules, and other circuit boards by the
edges. Never touch exposed circuitry.
• Prevent others from touching components.
• When you install a static-sensitive option or CRU, touch the static-protective package containing the
part to a metal expansion-slot cover or other unpainted metal surface on the computer for at least two
seconds. This reduces static electricity in the package and your body.
• When possible, remove the static-sensitive part from the static-protective packaging and install the part
without setting it down. When this is not possible, place the static-protective packaging on a smooth,
level surface and place the part on it.
• Do not place the part on the computer cover or other metal surface.
Power cords and power adapters
Use only the power cords and power adapters supplied by the product manufacturer.
The power cords shall be safety approved. For Germany, it shall be H05VV-F, 3G, 0.75 mm2, or better. For
other countries, the suitable types shall be used accordingly.
Never wrap a power cord around a power adapter or other object. Doing so can stress the cord in ways that
can cause the cord to fray, crack, or crimp. This can present a safety hazard.
Always route power cords so that they will not be walked on, tripped over, or pinched by objects.
Protect power cord and power adapters from liquids. For instance, do not leave your power cord or power
adapter near sinks, tubs, toilets, or on floors that are cleaned with liquid cleansers. Liquids can cause a
short circuit, particularly if the power cord or power adapter has been stressed by misuse. Liquids also can
cause gradual corrosion of power cord terminals and/or the connector terminals on a power adapter,
which can eventually result in overheating.
Always connect power cords and signal cables in the correct order and ensure that all power cord
connectors are securely and completely plugged into receptacles.
Do not use any power adapter that shows corrosion at the ac input pins or shows signs of overheating (such
as deformed plastic) at the ac input or anywhere on the power adapter.
Do not use any power cords where the electrical contacts on either end show signs of corrosion or
overheating or where the power cord appears to have been damaged in any way.
Extension cords and related devices
Ensure that extension cords, surge protectors, uninterruptible power supplies, and power strips that you use
are rated to handle the electrical requirements of the product. Never overload these devices. If power strips
are used, the load should not exceed the power strip input rating. Consult an electrician for more information
if you have questions about power loads, power requirements, and input ratings.
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ThinkStation User Guide
Plugs and outlets
If a receptacle (power outlet) that you intend to use with your computer equipment appears to be damaged
or corroded, do not use the outlet until it is replaced by a qualified electrician.
Do not bend or modify the plug. If the plug is damaged, contact the manufacturer to obtain a replacement.
Do not share an electrical outlet with other home or commercial appliances that draw large amounts of
electricity; otherwise, unstable voltage might damage your computer, data, or attached devices.
Some products are equipped with a three-pronged plug. This plug fits only into a grounded electrical outlet.
This is a safety feature. Do not defeat this safety feature by trying to insert it into a non-grounded outlet. If
you cannot insert the plug into the outlet, contact an electrician for an approved outlet adapter or to replace
the outlet with one that enables this safety feature. Never overload an electrical outlet. The overall system
load should not exceed 80 percent of the branch circuit rating. Consult an electrician for more information
if you have questions about power loads and branch circuit ratings.
Be sure that the power outlet you are using is properly wired, easily accessible, and located close to the
equipment. Do not fully extend power cords in a way that will stress the cords.
Be sure that the power outlet provides the correct voltage and current for the product you are installing.
Carefully connect and disconnect the equipment from the electrical outlet.
External devices
Do not connect or disconnect any external device cables other than Universal Serial Bus (USB) and 1394
cables while the computer power is on; otherwise, you might damage your computer. To avoid possible
damage to attached devices, wait at least five seconds after the computer is shut down to disconnect
external devices.
Heat and product ventilation
Computers, power adapters, and many accessories can generate heat when turned on and when batteries
are charging. Always follow these basic precautions:
• Do not leave your computer, power adapter, or accessories in contact with your lap or any part of your
body for an extended period when the products are functioning or when the battery is charging. Your
computer, power adapter, and many accessories produce some heat during normal operation. Extended
contact with the body could cause discomfort or, potentially, a skin burn.
• Do not charge the battery or operate your computer, power adapter, or accessories near flammable
materials or in explosive environments.
• Ventilation slots, fans, and heat sinks are provided with the product for safety, comfort, and reliable
operation. These features might inadvertently become blocked by placing the product on a bed, sofa,
carpet, or other flexible surface. Never block, cover, or disable these features.
Inspect your desktop computer for dust accumulation at least once every three months. Before inspecting
your computer, turn off the power and unplug the computer's power cord from the electrical outlet; then
remove any dust from vents and perforations in the bezel. If you notice external dust accumulation, then
examine and remove dust from the inside of the computer including heat sink inlet fins, power supply vents,
and fans. Always turn off and unplug the computer before opening the cover. If possible, avoid operating
your computer within two feet of high-traffic areas. If you must operate your computer in or near a high-traffic
area, inspect and, if necessary, clean your computer more frequently.
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For your safety and to maintain optimum computer performance, always follow these basic precautions
with your desktop computer:
• Keep the cover closed whenever the computer is plugged in.
• Regularly inspect the outside of the computer for dust accumulation.
• Remove dust from vents and any perforations in the bezel. More frequent cleanings might be required for
computers in dusty or high-traffic areas.
• Do not restrict or block any ventilation openings.
• Do not store or operate your computer inside furniture, as this might increase the risk of overheating.
• Airflow temperatures into the computer should not exceed 35°C (95°F).
• Do not install air filtration devices. They may interfere with proper cooling.
Operating environment
The optimal environment in which to use your computer is 10°C-35°C (50°F-95°F) with humidity ranging
between 35% and 80%. If your computer is stored or transported in temperatures less than 10°C (50°F),
allow the cold computer to rise slowly to an optimal operating temperature of 10°C-35°C (50°F-95°F) before
use. This process could take two hours in extreme conditions. Failure to allow your computer to rise to an
optimal operating temperature before use could result in irreparable damage to your computer.
If possible, place your computer in a well-ventilated and dry area without direct exposure to sunshine.
Keep electrical appliances such as an electric fan, radio, high-powered speakers, air conditioner, and
microwave oven away from your computer because the strong magnetic fields generated by these
appliances can damage the monitor and data on the hard disk drive.
Do not place any beverages on top of or beside the computer or other attached devices. If liquid is spilled on
or in the computer or an attached device, a short circuit or other damage might occur.
Do not eat or smoke over your keyboard. Particles that fall into your keyboard can cause damage.
Modem safety information
CAUTION:
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger (for example, No. 24 AWG) telecommunication
line cord listed by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) or certified by the Canadian Standards Association
(CSA).
To reduce the risk of fire, electrical shock, or injury when using telephone equipment, always follow basic
safety precautions, such as:
• Never install telephone wiring during a lightning storm.
• Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.
• Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at
the network interface.
• Use caution when installing or modifying telephone lines.
• Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be a remote
risk of electric shock from lightning.
• Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
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ThinkStation User Guide
Laser compliance statement
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or transmitters) are
installed, note the following:
• Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to
hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.
• Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein
might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following.
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with optical
instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Power supply statement
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label attached.
Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that has this label attached.
There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you suspect a problem with one of these parts,
contact a service technician.
Cleaning and maintenance
Keep your computer and workspace clean. Shut down the computer and then disconnect the power
cord before cleaning the computer. Do not spray any liquid detergent directly on the computer or use
any detergent containing flammable material to clean the computer. Spray the detergent on a soft cloth
and then wipe the computer surfaces.
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viii
ThinkStation User Guide
Chapter 1. Product overview
This chapter provides information about the computer features, specifications, software programs provided
by Lenovo, and locations of connectors, components, parts on the system board, and internal drives.
Features
This section introduces the computer features. The information covers a variety of models.
To view the information about your specific model, do one of the following:
• Go into the Setup Utility program by following the instructions in Chapter 6 “Using the Setup Utility
program” on page 59. Then, select Main ➙ System Summary to view the information.
• In the Windows environment, click Start, right-click Computer, and select Properties to view the
information.
Microprocessor
Your computer comes with one of the following microprocessors (internal cache size varies by model type):
• Intel® Celeron® microprocessor
• Intel Core™ i3 microprocessor
• Intel Core i5 microprocessor
• Intel Core i7 microprocessor
• Intel Pentium® microprocessor
• Intel Xeon® Quad Core microprocessor
Memory
Your computer supports up to four double data rate 3 unbuffered dual inline memory modules (DDR3
UDIMMs).
Internal drives
• Optical drive: DVD-ROM, DVD-Recordable, or Blu-ray (optional)
• Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) hard disk drive
• Solid state drive (SSD) (available in some models)
Video subsystem
• Integrated graphics for a Video Graphics Array (VGA) connector and a DisplayPort connector (not
applicable on some models)
• Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) Express x16 graphics card slot on the system board for a
discrete graphics card
Audio subsystem
• Integrated high-definition (HD) audio
• Audio line-in connector, audio line-out connector, and microphone connector on the rear panel
• Microphone connector and headphone connector on the front panel
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• Internal speaker
Connectivity
• 100/1000 Mbps integrated Ethernet controller
System management features
• Ability to store power-on self-test (POST) hardware test results
• Desktop Management Interface (DMI)
Desktop Management Interface provides a common path for users to access information about all
aspects of a computer, including processor type, installation date, attached printers and other peripherals,
power sources, and maintenance history.
• ErP compliance mode
The energy-related products directive (ErP) compliance mode reduces the consumption of electricity
when your computer is in standby or off mode. For more information, see “Enabling ErP compliance
mode” on page 62.
• Intel Standard Manageability
Intel Standard Manageability is hardware and firmware technology that builds certain functionality
into computers in order to make them easier and less expensive for businesses to monitor, maintain,
update, upgrade, and repair.
• Intel Matrix Storage Manager
Intel Matrix Storage Manager is a device driver that provides support for SATA RAID 5 arrays and SATA
RAID 10 arrays on specific Intel chipset system boards to facilitate increased hard disk performance.
• Preboot Execution Environment (PXE)
The Preboot Execution Environment is an environment to start computers using a network interface
independent of data storage devices (such as the hard disk drive) or installed operating systems.
• System Management (SM) Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) and SM software
The SM BIOS specification defines data structures and access methods in a BIOS that allows a user or
application to store and retrieve information specific about the computer in question.
• Wake on LAN
Wake on LAN is an Ethernet computer networking standard that allows a computer to be turned on
or woken up by a network message. The message is usually sent by a program running on another
computer on the same local area network.
• Wake on Ring
Wake on Ring, sometimes referred to as Wake on Modem, is a specification that allows supported
computers and devices to resume from sleep or hibernation mode.
• Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)
Windows Management Instrumentation is a set of extensions to the Windows Driver Model. It provides an
operating system interface through which instrumented components provide information and notification.
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ThinkStation User Guide
Input/Output (I/O) features
• 9-pin serial port (one standard)
• Eight Universal Serial Bus (USB) connectors (two on the front panel and six on the rear panel)
• One Ethernet connector
• One Personal System/2 (PS/2) keyboard connector (optional)
• One PS/2 mouse connector (optional)
• Three audio connectors on the rear panel (audio line-in connector, audio line-out connector, and
microphone connector)
• Two audio connectors on the front panel (microphone connector and headphone connector)
For more information, see “Locating connectors, controls, and indicators on the front of your computer” on
page 7 and “Locating connectors on the rear of your computer” on page 8.
Expansion
• One card reader drive bay
• One PCI Express x1 card slot
• One PCI Express x16 graphics card slot
• Two hard disk drive bays
• Two optical drive bays
• Two PCI card slots
Power supply
Your computer comes with one 280-watt automatic voltage-sensing power supply.
Security features
• Computrace Agent software embedded in firmware
• Cover presence switch (also called intrusion switch)
• Ability to enable or disable a device
• Ability to enable and disable USB connectors individually
• Keyboard with fingerprint reader (shipped with some models)
• Power-on password (POP), administrator password, and hard disk drive password to deter unauthorized
use of your computer
• Startup sequence control
• Startup without keyboard or mouse
• Support for an integrated cable lock (Kensington lock)
• Support for a padlock
• Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
For more information, see Chapter 3 “Security” on page 19.
Preinstalled software programs
Your computer is preinstalled with software programs to help you work more easily and securely. For more
information, see “Software overview” on page 5.
Preinstalled operating system
Chapter 1. Product overview
3
Your computer is preinstalled with the Microsoft® Windows® 7 operating system.
Operating system(s), certified or tested for compatibility1 (varies by model type)
• Linux®
• Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP 3
Specifications
This section lists the physical specifications for your computer.
Dimensions
Width: 175 mm (6.89 inches)
Height: 425.2 mm (16.74 inches) (floor to top of handle)
Depth: 430.8 mm (16.96 inches)
Weight
Maximum configuration as shipped: 11.2 kg (24.7 lb)
Environment
• Air temperature:
Operating: 10°C to 35°C (50°F to 95°F)
Storage: -40°C to 60°C (-40°F to 140°F) in original shipping package
Storage: -10°C to 60°C (14°F to 140°F) (without package)
Note: The allowable upper temperature limit decreases by 1°C (1.8°F) for every 300 m (1000 ft) above sea level.
• Humidity:
Operating: 20% to 80% (non-condensing)
Storage: 20% to 90% (non-condensing)
• Altitude:
Operating: -50 to 10 000 ft (-15.2 to 3 048 m)
Storage: -50 to 35 000 ft (-15.2 to 10 668 m)
Electrical input
• Input voltage:
– Low range:
Minimum: 100 V ac
Maximum: 127 V ac
Input frequency range: 50 to 60 Hz
– High range:
Minimum: 200 V ac
Maximum: 240 V ac
Input frequency range: 50 to 60 Hz
1.
The operating system(s) listed here are being certified or tested for compatibility at the time this publication goes to
press. Additional operating systems might be identified by Lenovo as compatible with your computer following the
publication of this manual. This list is subject to change. To determine if an operating system has been certified or
tested for compatibility, check the Web site of the operating system vendor.
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Software overview
The computer comes with a preinstalled operating system and several software programs provided by
Lenovo.
Software provided by Lenovo
The following software programs are provided by Lenovo to help you improve productivity and reduce the
cost associated with maintaining your computer. Software programs provided with your computer might
vary depending on your computer model type and preinstalled operating system.
Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools
The Lenovo ThinkVantage® Tools program guides you to a host of information sources and provides easy
access to various tools to help you work more easily and securely.
To access the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program, click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo ThinkVantage
Tools.
The following table lists the programs that you can access from the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program. To
access a program, double-click the corresponding icon.
Table 1. Program icon names in Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools
Program name
Factory Recovery Disks
Create Recovery Media
Lenovo Solution Center or Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox
ThinkVantage Rescue and
Icon name in Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools
Recovery®
System Health and Diagnostics
Enhanced Backup and Restore
Lenovo Welcome
The Lenovo Welcome program introduces you to some innovative built-in features of Lenovo and guides you
through a few important setup tasks to help you make the most of your computer.
Lenovo Solution Center
Note: Depending on the date when your computer was manufactured, your computer is preinstalled with
either the Lenovo Solution Center program or the Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox program for diagnostic
purposes. For additional information about the Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox program, see “Lenovo
ThinkVantage Toolbox” on page 5.
The Lenovo Solution Center program enables you to troubleshoot and resolve computer problems. It
combines diagnostic tests, system information collection, security status, and support information, along
with hints and tips for maximum system performance. See “Lenovo Solution Center” on page 70 for detailed
information.
Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox
Note: Depending on the date when your computer was manufactured, your computer is preinstalled with
either the Lenovo Solution Center program or the Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox program for diagnostic
purposes. For additional information about the Lenovo Solution Center program, see “Lenovo Solution
Center” on page 70.
The Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox program helps you maintain your computer, improve computing security,
diagnose computer problems, get familiar with the innovative technologies provided by Lenovo, and get more
information about your computer. See “Lenovo ThinkVantage Toolbox” on page 71 for detailed information.
Chapter 1. Product overview
5
Product Recovery
The Product Recovery program enables you to restore the contents of the hard disk drive to the factory
default settings.
ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery
The ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery program is a one button recovery and restore solution that includes
a set of self-recovery tools to help you diagnose computer problems, get help, and recover from system
crashes, even if you cannot start the Windows operating system.
Note: If the Enhanced Backup and Restore icon in the Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools program is dimmed, it
indicates that you need to install the ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery program manually before enabling
its features. To install the ThinkVantage Rescue and Recovery program, do the following:
1. Click Start ➙ All Programs ➙ Lenovo ThinkVantage Tools, and double-click Enhanced Backup
and Restore.
2. Follow the instructions on the screen.
3. When the installation process completes, the Enhanced Backup and Restore icon is activated.
Adobe Reader
The Adobe Reader program is a tool used to view, print, and search PDF documents.
Antivirus software
Your computer comes with antivirus software that you can use to detect and eliminate viruses. Lenovo
provides a full version of antivirus software on your hard disk drive with a free 30-day subscription. After 30
days, you must renew the license to continue receiving the antivirus program updates.
Locations
This section provides information to help you locate the connectors on the front and rear of your computer,
parts on the system board, and components and internal drives in your computer.
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Locating connectors, controls, and indicators on the front of your
computer
Figure 1 “Front connector, control, and indicator locations” on page 7 shows the locations of the connectors,
controls, and indicators on the front of your computer.
Figure 1. Front connector, control, and indicator locations
1 Optical drive eject/close button
5 USB connector (USB port 1)
2 Hard disk drive activity indicator
6 Headphone connector
3 Power indicator
7 Microphone connector
4 Power switch
8 USB connector (USB port 2)
Chapter 1. Product overview
7
Locating connectors on the rear of your computer
Figure 2 “Rear connector locations” on page 8 shows the locations of the connectors on the rear of your
computer. Some connectors on the rear of your computer are color-coded to help you determine where to
connect the cables on your computer.
Figure 2. Rear connector locations
1 Power cord connector
8 Microphone connector
2 Serial port
9 Audio line-out connector
3 PS/2 keyboard and mouse connectors
(optional)
10 Audio line-in connector
4 VGA monitor connector
11 PCI Express x16 card slot (graphics card available in some
models)
5 DisplayPort connector
12 PCI Express x1 card slot
6 USB connectors (USB port 3 to port 8)
13 PCI card slots (2)
7 Ethernet connector
Connector
Description
Audio line-in connector
Used to receive audio signals from an external audio device, such as a stereo
system. When you attach an external audio device, a cable is connected between
the audio line-out connector of the device and the audio line-in connector of the
computer.
Audio line-out connector
Used to send audio signals from the computer to external devices, such as powered
stereo speakers (speakers with built-in amplifiers), headphones, multimedia
keyboards, or the audio line-in connector on a stereo system or other external
recording device.
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Connector
Description
DisplayPort connector
Used to attach a high-performance monitor, a direct-drive monitor, or other devices
that use a DisplayPort connector.
Note: The DisplayPort connector is not applicable on some models. If your
computer has a graphics card installed, be sure to use a monitor connector on
the graphics card.
Ethernet connector
Used to attach an Ethernet cable for a local area network (LAN).
Note: To operate the computer within FCC Class B limits, use a Category 5 Ethernet
cable.
Microphone connector
Used to attach a microphone to your computer when you want to record sound or if
you use speech-recognition software.
PS/2 keyboard connector
(optional)
Used to attach a keyboard that uses a PS/2 keyboard connector.
PS/2 mouse connector
(optional)
Used to attach a mouse, a trackball, or other pointing devices that use a PS/2
mouse connector.
Serial port
Used to attach an external modem, a serial printer, or other devices that use a
9-pin serial port.
USB connector
Used to attach a device that requires a USB connector, such as a USB keyboard, a
USB mouse, a USB scanner, or a USB printer. If you have more than eight USB
devices, you can purchase a USB hub, which you can use to connect additional
USB devices.
VGA monitor connector
Used to attach a VGA monitor or other devices that use a VGA monitor connector.
Note: The VGA connector is not applicable on some models. If your computer has
a graphics card installed, be sure to use a monitor connector on the graphics card.
Chapter 1. Product overview
9
Locating components
Figure 3 “Component locations” on page 10 shows the locations of the various components in your
computer. To remove the computer cover, see “Removing the computer cover” on page 26.
Figure 3. Component locations
1 Heat sink and fan assembly
6 Front fan assembly
2 Memory module(s)
7 Graphics card (available in some models)
3 Optical drive
8 Rear fan assembly
4 Card reader (available in some models)
9 Power supply assembly
5 Front audio and USB assembly
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ThinkStation User Guide
Locating parts on the system board
Figure 4 “System board part locations” on page 11 shows the locations of the parts on the system board.
Figure 4. System board part locations
1 4-pin power connector
14 Front panel connector for power switch and LED indicators
2 Microprocessor fan connector
15 Front USB connector 1 (for connecting USB port 1 and 2
on the front bezel)
3 Memory slot 1 (DIMM1)
16 Front USB connector 2 (for connecting additional USB
devices)
4 Memory slot 2 (DIMM2)
17 Clear CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor)
/Recovery jumper
5 Memory slot 3 (DIMM3)
6 Memory slot 4 (DIMM4)
18 Internal speaker connector
19 Front audio connector (for connecting the microphone and
headphone connectors on the front bezel)
7 Thermal sensor connector
20 PCI card slots (2)
8 24-pin power connector
21 PCI Express x1 card slot
9 Battery
22 PCI Express x16 graphics card slot
10 SATA connectors 1 and 2 (SATA 3.0
connectors)
23 Rear fan connector
11 SATA connector 3 (SATA 2.0 connector)
24 Cover presence switch connector (Intrusion switch connector)
12 eSATA connector
25 Microprocessor
13 Front fan connector
26 PS/2 keyboard and mouse connector
Chapter 1. Product overview
11
Locating internal drives
Internal drives are devices that your computer uses to read and store data. You can add drives to your
computer to increase storage capacity and enable your computer to read other types of media. Internal
drives are installed in bays. In this manual, the bays are referred to as bay 1, bay 2, and so on.
When installing or replacing an internal drive, it is important to note the type and size of the drive that you
can install or replace in each bay and correctly connect the cables to the drive installed. Refer to the
appropriate section in “Installing or replacing hardware” on page 25 for instructions on how to install or
replace internal drives for your computer.
Figure 5 “Drive bay locations” on page 12 shows the locations of the drive bays.
Figure 5. Drive bay locations
1 Bay 1 - Optical drive bay (with an optical drive installed on some models)
2 Bay 2 - Optical drive bay
3 Bay 3 - Card reader drive bay
4 Bay 4 - Secondary SATA hard disk drive bay
5 Bay 5 - Primary SATA hard disk drive bay (with a hard disk drive installed)
Machine type and model label
The machine type and model label identifies your computer. When you contact Lenovo for help, the machine
type and model information helps support technicians to identify your computer and provide faster service.
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ThinkStation User Guide
The following illustration shows the location of the machine type and model label.
Figure 6. Machine type and model label
1 Machine type and model label
Chapter 1. Product overview
13
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ThinkStation User Guide
Chapter 2. You and your computer
This chapter provides information about accessibility, comfort, and relocating your computer to other
countries or regions.
Accessibility and comfort
Good ergonomic practice is important to get the most from your personal computer and to avoid discomfort.
Arrange your workplace and the equipment you use to suit your individual needs and the kind of work
that you perform. In addition, use healthy work habits to maximize your performance and comfort while
using your computer.
The following topics provide information about arranging your work area, setting up your computer
equipment, and establishing healthy work habits.
Lenovo is committed to providing people with disabilities greater access to information and technology.
As a result, the following information provides ways to help users that have hearing, vision, and mobility
limitations get the most out of their computer experience.
Assistive technologies enable users to access information in the most appropriate way. Some of these
technologies are already provided in your operating system, others can be purchased through vendors, or
accessed through the World Wide Web:
http://www.lenovo.com/healthycomputing
Arranging your workspace
To get the most from your computer, arrange both the equipment you use and your work area to suit your
needs and the kind of work you do. Your comfort is of foremost importance, but light sources, air circulation,
and the location of electrical outlets can also affect the way you arrange your workspace.
Comfort
Although no single working position is ideal for everyone, here are a few guidelines to help you find a
position that suits you best.
Sitting in the same position for a long time can cause fatigue. The backrest and seat of your chair should
adjust independently and provide good support. The seat should have a curved front to relieve pressure on
the thighs. Adjust the seat so that your thighs are parallel to the floor and your feet are either flat on the
floor or on a footrest.
When using the keyboard, keep your forearms parallel to the floor and your wrists in a comfortable position.
Use a light touch on the keyboard and your hands and fingers relaxed. Change the angle of the keyboard
for maximum comfort by adjusting the position of the keyboard feet.
© Copyright Lenovo 2011
15
Adjust the monitor so the top of the screen is at, or slightly below, eye level. Place the monitor at a
comfortable viewing distance, usually 51 to 61 cm (20 to 24 inches), and position it so you can view it
without having to twist your body. Also, position other equipment you use regularly, such as the telephone or
a mouse, within easy reach.
Glare and lighting
Position the monitor to minimize glare and reflections from overhead lights, windows, and other light sources.
Reflected light from shiny surfaces can cause annoying reflections on your monitor screen. Place the
monitor at right angles to windows and other light sources, when possible. Reduce overhead lighting, if
necessary, by turning off lights or using lower wattage bulbs. If you install the monitor near a window, use
curtains or blinds to block the sunlight. You can adjust the brightness and contrast controls on the monitor
as the room lighting changes throughout the day.
Where it is impossible to avoid reflections or to adjust the lighting, an antiglare filter placed over the screen
might be helpful. However, these filters might affect the clarity of the image on the screen; try them only after
you have exhausted other methods of reducing glare.
Dust buildup compounds problems associated with glare. Remember to clean your monitor screen
periodically using a soft cloth as directed in your monitor documentation.
Air circulation
Your computer and monitor produce heat. The computer has a fan that pulls in fresh air and forces out hot
air. The monitor lets hot air escape through vents. Blocking the air vents can cause overheating, which might
result in a malfunction or damage. Place the computer and monitor so that nothing blocks the air vents;
usually, 51 mm (2 inches) of air space is sufficient. Also, make sure the vented air is not blowing on people.
Electrical outlets and cable lengths
The location of electrical outlets, the length of power cords and cables that connect to the monitor, printer,
and other devices might determine the final placement of your computer.
When arranging your workspace:
• Avoid the use of extension cords. When possible, plug the computer power cord directly into an electrical
outlet.
• Keep power cords and cables neatly routed away from walkways and other areas where they might
get kicked accidentally.
For more information about power cords, see “Power cords and power adapters” on page iv.
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ThinkStation User Guide
Register your computer with Lenovo
To register your computer, go to http://www.lenovo.com/register. Then, follow the instructions on the screen
to complete the registration. This can help authorities return your computer to you if it is lost or stolen.
Registering your computer also enables Lenovo to notify you about possible technical information and
upgrades.
When you register your computer, information is entered into a database, which enables Lenovo to contact
you in case of a recall or other severe problem. In addition, some locations offer extended privileges and
services to registered users.
Moving your computer to another country or region
When you move your computer to another country or region, you must take local electrical standards into
consideration. This section provides information on the following:
•
“Voltage-selection switch” on page 17
•
“Replacement power cords” on page 17
Voltage-selection switch
Some computers are equipped with a voltage-selection switch located near the power-cord connection
point on the computer and some computers do not have a voltage-selection switch. Before you install
your computer or relocate your computer to another country or region, you must be certain that you have
matched your computer to the voltage available at your electrical outlet.
CAUTION:
You must know the voltage of the electrical connection (outlet) where your computer will be
connected. If you do not know the voltage, contact your local electric company or refer to official
Web sites or other literature for travelers to the country or region where you are located.
If your computer has a voltage-selection switch, you must set the switch to match the voltage available at
your electrical outlet. Setting the voltage-selection switch incorrectly will cause the computer to malfunction
and might cause permanent damage to the computer. Do not connect the computer to an electrical
outlet until you have verified that the voltage-selection switch setting matches the voltage available at the
electrical outlets.
If your computer does not have a voltage-selection switch, inspect the voltage-rating label on the bottom of
the computer and note the following:
• If the voltage-rating label shows a range of either “100-127 V” or “200-240 V,” you must ensure that the
voltage provided at the electrical outlet matches the voltage rating on the computer label. If it does
not match, do not attempt to connect the computer to the electrical outlet, unless an external device
such as a voltage-converting transformer is used.
• If the voltage-rating label shows a dual range of “100-127 V” and “200-240 V,” this signifies that the
computer is suitable for worldwide operation and the computer will automatically adjust to the voltage at
the electrical outlet regardless of the country or region where the computer is being connected.
Replacement power cords
If you relocate your computer to a country or region that uses an electrical outlet style different from the
type you are currently using, you will have to purchase either electrical plug adapters or new power cords.
You can order power cords directly from Lenovo.
Chapter 2. You and your computer
17
For power cord information and part numbers, go to:
http://www.lenovo.com/powercordnotice
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Chapter 3. Security
This chapter provides information about how to protect your computer from theft and unauthorized use.
Security features
The following security features are available on your computer:
• Computrace Agent software embedded in firmware
The Computrace Agent software is an IT asset management and computer theft recovery solution.
The software detects if changes have been made on the computer, such as hardware, software, or
the computer call-in location.
Note: You might have to purchase a subscription to activate the Computrace Agent software.
• Cover presence switch (also called intrusion switch) (available in some models)
The cover presence switch prevents your computer from logging in to the operating system when the
computer cover is not properly installed or closed. To enable the cover presence switch connector
on the system board, to the following:
1. Start the Setup Utility program. See “Starting the Setup Utility program” on page 59.
2. Set the Administrator Password. See “Setting, changing, and deleting a password” on page 60.
3. From the Security submenu, select Chassis Intrusion Detection ➙ Enabled. The cover presence
switch connector on the system board is enabled.
When the cover presence switch detects that your computer cover is not properly installed or closed
when you turn on the computer, an error message will be displayed. To bypass the error message and
log in to the operating system, do the following:
1. Properly install or close your computer cover. See “Completing the parts replacement” on page 49.
2. Press F1 to enter the Setup Utility program. Then press F10 to save and exit the Setup Utility
program. The error message will not be displayed again.
• Ability to enable and disable devices and USB connectors
For more information, see “Enabling or disabling a device” on page 61.
• Integrated fingerprint reader (available on some models)
Depending on the models of your computer, the keyboard may have an integrated fingerprint reader.
By enrolling your fingerprint and associating it with a Power-on Password, a Hard Disk Password, or
both passwords beforehand, you can start the computer, log on to the system, and enter the Setup
Utility program by swiping your finger over the reader, without typing a password. Thus fingerprint
authentication can replace passwords and enable simple and secure user access.
• Startup sequence control
For more information, see “Selecting or changing the startup device sequence” on page 62.
• Startup without keyboard or mouse
Your computer is able to log in to the operating system without keyboard or mouse connected.
• Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
Trusted Platform Module is a secure cryptoprocessor that can store cryptographic keys that protect
information stored in your computer.
© Copyright Lenovo 2011
19
Locking the computer cover
Locking the computer cover helps prevent unauthorized people from gaining access to the inside of your
computer. Your computer comes with a padlock loop so that the computer cover cannot be removed
when a padlock is installed.
Figure 7. Installing a padlock
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Attaching an integrated cable lock
An integrated cable lock, sometimes referred to as the Kensington lock, can be used to secure your
computer to a desk, table, or other non-permanent fixture. The cable lock attaches to the integrated cable
lock slot at the rear of your computer and is operated with a key. The cable lock also locks the buttons used
to open the computer cover. This is the same type of lock used with many notebook computers. You can
order an integrated cable lock directly from Lenovo by searching for Kensington at:
http://support.lenovo.com
Figure 8. Integrated cable lock
Using passwords
You can set a variety of passwords through the Microsoft Windows operating system and through the BIOS
of your computer to help deter unauthorized use of your computer.
BIOS passwords
You can use the BIOS Setup Utility program to set passwords to prevent unauthorized access to your
computer and data. The following types of passwords are available:
• Power-On Password: When a Power-On Password is set, you are prompted to type a valid password
each time the computer is turned on. The computer cannot be used until the valid password is typed
in. For more information, see “Power-On Password” on page 60.
• Hard Disk Password: Setting a Hard Disk Password prevents unauthorized access to the data on the hard
disk drive. When a Hard Disk Password is set, you are prompted to type a valid password each time you
try to access the hard disk drive. For more information, see “Hard Disk Password” on page 60.
Chapter 3. Security
21
• Administrator Password: Setting an Administrator Password deters unauthorized users from changing
configuration settings. If you are responsible for maintaining the configuration settings of several
computers, you might want to set an Administrator Password. For more information, see “Administrator
Password” on page 60.
You do not have to set any passwords to use your computer. However, using passwords improves
computing security.
Windows passwords
Depending on your version of the Windows operating system, you can use passwords for a variety of
features, including controlling login access, access to shared resources, network access, and individual user
settings. For more information, see “Help and Support” on page 73.
Configuring the fingerprint reader
If your keyboard has a fingerprint reader, you can configure the fingerprint reader in the Setup Utility program.
The Fingerprint Setup submenu under the Security menu of the Setup Utility program provides the
following options:
• Preboot Authentication: enables or disables the fingerprint authentication for accessing the BIOS.
• Erase Fingerprint Data: clears the fingerprint data stored in a fingerprint reader.
To configure the fingerprint reader, do the following:
1. Start the Setup Utility program. See “Starting the Setup Utility program” on page 59.
2. From the Setup Utility program main menu, select Security ➙ Fingerprint Setup, and press Enter.
The Fingerprint Setup window opens.
3. Select Preboot Authentication or Erase Fingerprint Data as desired, and press Enter.
4. Select the desired settings and press Enter.
5. Press F10 to save changes and exit the Setup Utility program. Press Enter when prompted to confirm
the exit.
Using and understanding firewalls
A firewall can be hardware, software, or a combination of both depending on the level of security required.
Firewalls work on a set of rules to determine which inbound and outbound connections are authorized. If
your computer is preintalled with a firewall program, it helps protect against computer Internet security
threats, unauthorized access, intrusions, and Internet attacks. It also protects your privacy. For more
information about how to use the firewall program, refer to the help system of your firewall program.
The Windows operating system preinstalled on your computer provides the Windows Firewall. For details on
using the Windows Firewall, refer to “Help and Support” on page 73.
Protecting data against viruses
Your computer is preinstalled with an antivirus program to help you guard against, detect, and eliminate
viruses.
Lenovo provides a full version of antivirus software on your computer with a free 30-day subscription. After
30 days, you must renew the license to continue receiving the antivirus software updates.
Note: Virus definition files must be kept up-to-date to guard against new viruses.
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For more information about how to use your antivirus software, refer to the help system of your antivirus
software.
Chapter 3. Security
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Chapter 4. Installing or replacing hardware
This chapter provides instructions on how to install or replace hardware for your computer.
Handling static-sensitive devices
Do not open the static-protective package containing the new part until the defective part has been removed
from the computer and you are ready to install the new part. Static electricity, although harmless to you, can
seriously damage computer components and parts.
When you handle parts and other computer components, take these precautions to avoid static-electricity
damage:
• Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you.
• Always handle parts and other computer components carefully. Handle PCI cards, memory modules,
system boards, and microprocessors by the edges. Never touch any exposed circuitry.
• Prevent others from touching the parts and other computer components.
• Before you replace a new part, touch the static-protective package containing the part to a metal
expansion-slot cover or other unpainted metal surface on the computer for at least two seconds. This
reduces static electricity in the package and your body.
• When possible, remove the new part from the static-protective packaging, and install it directly in the
computer without setting the part down. When this is not possible, place the static-protective package
that the part came in on a smooth, level surface and place the part on it.
• Do not place the part on the computer cover or other metal surface.
Installing or replacing hardware
This section provides instructions on how to install or replace hardware for your computer. You can expand
the capabilities of your computer and maintain your computer by installing or replacing hardware.
Attention: Do not open your computer or attempt any repair before reading and understanding the “Important
safety information” on page iii.
Notes:
1. Use only computer parts provided by Lenovo.
2. When installing or replacing an option, use the appropriate instructions in this section along with the
instructions that come with the option.
Installing external options
You can connect external options to your computer, such as external speakers, a printer, or a scanner. For
some external options, you must install additional software in addition to making the physical connection.
When installing an external option, see “Locating connectors, controls, and indicators on the front of your
computer” on page 7 and “Locating connectors on the rear of your computer” on page 8 to identify the
required connector. Then, use the instructions that come with the option to help you make the connection
and install any software or device drivers that are required for the option.
© Copyright Lenovo 2011
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Removing the computer cover
Attention: Do not open your computer or attempt any repair before reading and understanding the “Important
safety information” on page iii.
This section provides instructions on how to remove the computer cover.
CAUTION:
Turn off the computer and wait three to five minutes to let the computer cool before removing the
computer cover.
To remove the computer cover, do the following:
1. Remove any media from the drives and turn off all attached devices and the computer.
2. Disconnect all power cords from electrical outlets.
3. Disconnect the power cords, Input/Output cables, and any other cables that are connected to the
computer. See “Locating connectors, controls, and indicators on the front of your computer” on page 7
and “Locating connectors on the rear of your computer” on page 8.
4. Remove any locking device that secures the computer cover, such as a padlock or an integrated cable
lock. See “Locking the computer cover” on page 20 and “Attaching an integrated cable lock” on page 21.
5. Remove any screws that secure the computer cover.
6. Press the cover-release button on the side of the computer and slide the cover to the rear of the
computer to remove the cover.
Figure 9. Removing the computer cover
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Removing and reinstalling the front bezel
Attention: Do not open your computer or attempt any repair before reading and understanding the “Important
safety information” on page iii.
This section provides instructions on how to remove and reinstall the front bezel.
To remove and reinstall the front bezel, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer and disconnect all power cords from electrical outlets.
2. Remove the computer cover. See “Removing the computer cover” on page 26.
3. Remove the front bezel by releasing the three plastic tabs on the left side and pivoting the front bezel
outward.
Figure 10. Removing the front bezel
4. To reinstall the front bezel, align the three plastic tabs on the right side of the front bezel with the
corresponding holes in the chassis, then pivot the front bezel inwards until it snaps into position on
the left side.
What to do next:
• To work with another piece of hardware, go to the appropriate section.
• To complete the installation or replacement, go to “Completing the parts replacement” on page 49.
Installing or replacing a PCI card
Attention: Do not open your computer or attempt any repair before reading and understanding the “Important
safety information” on page iii.
This section provides instructions on how to install or replace a PCI card. Your computer has two standard
PCI card slots, one PCI Express x1 card slot, and one PCI Express x16 graphics card slot.
Chapter 4. Installing or replacing hardware
27
To install or replace a PCI card, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer and disconnect all power cords from electrical outlets.
2. Remove the computer cover. See “Removing the computer cover” on page 26.
3. At the rear of the computer, press the release button 1 to open the card latch 2 .
Figure 11. Opening the PCI card latch
4. Depending on whether you are installing or replacing a PCI card, do one of the following:
• If you are installing a PCI card, remove the appropriate metal slot cover.
• If you are replacing an old PCI card, grasp the old card that is currently installed and gently pull it
out of the slot.
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Figure 12. Removing a PCI card
Notes:
a. The card fits tightly into the card slot. If necessary, alternate moving each side of the card a small
amount until it is removed from the card slot.
b. If the card is held in place by a retaining latch, disengage the card retaining latch in either of the
two ways illustrated, depending on the retaining latch on the PCI card slot. Grasp the card and
gently pull it out of the slot.
Figure 13. Disengaging the card retaining latch
5. Remove the new PCI card from its static-protective package.
6. Install the new card into the appropriate slot on the system board. See “Locating parts on the system
board” on page 11.
Note: If you are installing a PCI Express x16 graphics card, make sure the memory slot retaining clips
are closed before you install the graphics card.
Chapter 4. Installing or replacing hardware
29
7. Pivot the card latch to the closed position to secure the PCI card.
Figure 14. Installing a PCI card
What to do next:
• To work with another piece of hardware, go to the appropriate section.
• To complete the installation or replacement, go to “Completing the parts replacement” on page 49.
Installing or replacing a memory module
Attention: Do not open your computer or attempt any repair before reading and understanding the “Important
safety information” on page iii.
This section provides instructions on how to install or replace a memory module.
Your computer has four slots for installing or replacing DDR3 UDIMMs that provide up to a maximum of 32
GB system memory. When installing or replacing a memory module, use the following guidelines:
• Use 1GB, 2 GB, 4 GB, or 8GB DDR3 UDIMMs in any combination up to a maximum of 32 GB.
• Install memory modules in the sequence of DIMM 2, DIMM 4, DIMM 1, and DIMM 3. See “Locating
parts on the system board” on page 11.
To install or replace a memory module, do the following:
1. Turn off the computer and disconnect all power cords from electrical outlets.
2. Remove the computer cover. See “Removing the computer cover” on page 26.
3. Lay the computer on its side for easier access to the system board.
4. Locate the memory slots. See “Locating parts on the system board” on page 11.
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5. Remove any part
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