Dodge 2007 Power Wagon Automobile User Manual

ESU10012
OWNER’S MANUAL
Read this manual carefully
before operating this vehicle.
FX10Y
FX10RTRY
FX10MTRY
LIT-12628-02-77
8GL-28199-11
U8GL11E0.book Page 1 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
ESU10041
Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual
should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.
U8GL11E0.book Page 1 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Introduction
ESU10121
Congratulations on your purchase of a
Yamaha snowmobile. This model is the result
of Yamaha’s vast experience in the production of fine sporting and touring snowmobiles.
It represents the high degree of craftsmanship
and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of
the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this snowmobile. If you have any
questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your snowmobile, please consult a
Yamaha dealer.
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in
product design and quality. Therefore, while
this manual contains the most current product
information available at the time of printing,
there may be minor discrepancies between
your snowmobile and this manual. If there is
any question concerning this manual, please
consult a Yamaha dealer.
EWS00670
WARNING
Please read this manual carefully before
operating this snowmobile. Do not attempt
to operate this snowmobile until you have
attained adequate knowledge of its controls and operating features.
Regular inspections and careful maintenance, along with good operating techniques, will help ensure that you safely
enjoy the capabilities and reliability of this
snowmobile.
FX10Y
FX10RTRY
FX10MTRY
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2008 by Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A.
1st Edition, April 2008
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-12628-02-77
U8GL11E0.book Page 1 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Important manual information
ESU10151
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used
to alert you to potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow
this symbol to avoid possible injury or death.
EWS00021
WARNING
A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in
death or serious injury.
ECS00011
NOTICE
A NOTICE indicates special precautions
that must be taken to avoid damage to the
snowmobile or other property.
TIP
A TIP provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
U8GL11E0.book Page 1 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Contents
Location of the important labels ..... 1
Safety information ............................ 3
Description ........................................ 5
Control functions .............................. 8
Main switch .................................... 8
Throttle lever .................................. 8
Engine overheating prevention
system ......................................... 8
Throttle override system
(T.O.R.S.) .................................... 8
Speedometer unit ........................... 9
High beam indicator light .............. 10
Low coolant temperature indicator
light ............................................ 11
Fuel meter and grip/thumb
warmer level indicator ............... 11
Fuel level warning indicator .......... 12
Oil level warning indicator ............ 12
Coolant temperature warning
indicator ..................................... 13
Self-diagnosis device ................... 13
Engine stop switch ....................... 14
Headlight beam switch
“LIGHTS” ................................... 14
Grip/thumb warmer adjustment
switch ........................................ 14
Auxiliary DC jack (FX10MTR) ...... 15
Brake lever ................................... 15
Parking brake lever ...................... 16
Shift lever ..................................... 16
Shroud and covers ....................... 17
Drive guard ................................... 17
Storage pouch .............................. 18
Fuel .............................................. 19
Suspension .................................. 20
Pre-operation checks...................... 30
Pre-operation check list ................ 30
Operation ......................................... 32
Starting the engine ....................... 32
Break-in ........................................ 33
Riding your snowmobile ............... 33
Maximizing drive track life ............ 37
Strap (FX10MTR) ......................... 37
Driving .......................................... 38
Stopping the engine ..................... 39
Transporting ................................. 39
Periodic maintenance and
adjustment....................................... 40
Periodic maintenance chart for
the emission control system ..... 40
General maintenance and
lubrication chart ........................ 42
Tool kit ......................................... 44
Removing and installing the
shroud and covers .................... 44
Checking the spark plugs ............. 45
Adjusting the throttle cable free
play ........................................... 46
Checking the throttle override
system (T.O.R.S.) ..................... 46
Checking the air filter ................... 47
High-altitude settings ................... 49
Valve clearance ........................... 49
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ... 49
Cooling system ............................ 54
V-belt ............................................ 55
Drive chain housing ..................... 58
Brake and parking brake .............. 59
Skis and ski runners ..................... 62
Steering system ........................... 62
Drive track and slide runners ....... 63
High-profile pattern drive track ..... 65
Lubrication ................................... 66
Replacing a headlight bulb ........... 67
Adjusting the headlight beams ..... 67
Fittings and fasteners ................... 68
Battery .......................................... 68
Replacing a fuse .......................... 69
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Contents
Troubleshooting ............................. 71
Storage ............................................ 74
Specifications ................................. 76
Consumer information.................... 78
Identification number records ....... 78
YAMAHA MOTOR
CORPORATION, U.S.A.
SNOWMOBILE LIMITED
WARRANTY............................... 79
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.)....................................... 82
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Location of the important labels
ESU10213
Read and understand all of the labels on your vehicle. They contain important information for
safe and proper operation of your vehicle. Never remove any labels from your vehicle. If a label
becomes difficult to read or comes off, a replacement label is available from your Yamaha dealer.
1
U8GL11E0.book Page 2 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Location of the important labels
3 FX10/FX10MTR
4
3 FX10RTR
WARNING
This unit contains high pressure nitrogen gas.
Mishandling can cause explosion.
• Read owner’s manual for instructions.
• Do not incinerate, puncture or open.
AVERTISSEMENT
Cette unité contient de I’azote à haute pression.
Une mauvaise manipulation peut entraîner d’explosion.
• Voir le manuel d’utilisateur pour les instructions.
• Ne pas brûler ni perforer ni ouvrir.
8GT-F2259-50
5 FX10MTR
6 FX10MTR
7 FX10MTR
NOTICE
ATTENTION
8HA-2815M-E0
8
9
NOTICE
ATTENTION
8ET-2815K-10
2
8ET-2815K-00
U8GL11E0.book Page 3 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Safety information
ESU10183
As the vehicle’s owner, you are responsible
for the safe and proper operation of your
snowmobile. When you ride your snowmobile, you must know and use the following for
your safety. Severe injury or death may result
if you ignore any of the following.
●
While using your snowmobile
●
Before you operate your snowmobile
●
●
Read the Owner’s Manual and all labels.
Become familiar with all of the operating
controls and their function. Consult a
Yamaha dealer about any control or function you do not understand.
Wear protective clothing. Wear an approved helmet, and a face shield or goggles. Also, wear a good quality snowmobile
suit, boots, and a pair of gloves or mittens
that will permit use of your thumbs and fingers for operation of the controls.
●
●
●
Do not operate the snowmobile after or
while drinking alcohol or taking drugs. Your
ability to operate the snowmobile is reduced by the influence of alcohol or drugs.
●
Prepare your snowmobile
●
Perform the pre-operation checks each
time you use the vehicle to make sure it is
in safe operating condition. Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or
equipment damage. See page 30 for a list
of pre-operation checks.
Apply the parking brake before starting the
engine. Never drive the snowmobile with
the parking brake applied. This may overheat the brake disc and reduce braking ability.
●
This snowmobile was not manufactured for
use on public streets, roads, or highways.
Such use is prohibited by law, and you
could collide with another vehicle.
This snowmobile is designed to carry the
OPERATOR ONLY. Passengers are prohibited. Carrying a passenger can cause
loss of control.
Be careful where you ride. There may be
obstacles hidden beneath the snow. Stay
on established trails to minimize your exposure to hazards. Ride slowly and cautiously
when you ride off of established trails. Hitting a rock or stump, or running into wires
could cause an accident and injury.
This snowmobile is not designed for use on
surfaces other than snow or ice. Use on dirt,
sand, grass, rocks, or bare pavement may
cause loss of control and may damage the
snowmobile.
Always ride with other snowmobilers when
going on a ride. You may need help if you
run out of fuel, have an accident, or damage
your snowmobile.
3
U8GL11E0.book Page 4 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Safety information
●
Many surfaces such as ice and hardpacked
snow require much longer stopping distances. Be alert, plan ahead and begin decelerating early. The best braking method on
most surfaces is to release the throttle and
apply the brake gently—not suddenly.
Avoid carbon monoxide poisoning
All engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing carbon monoxide
can cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness,
nausea, confusion, and eventually death.
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless,
tasteless gas which may be present even if
you do not see or smell any engine exhaust.
Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can collect
rapidly and you can quickly be overcome and
be unable to save yourself. Also, deadly levels of carbon monoxide can linger for hours or
days in enclosed or poorly-ventilated areas. If
you experience any symptoms of carbon
monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately, get fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL
TREATMENT.
● Do not run the engine indoors. Even if you
try to ventilate engine exhaust with fans or
open windows and doors, carbon monoxide
can rapidly reach dangerous levels.
● Do not run the engine in poorly ventilated or
partially enclosed areas such as barns, garages, or carports.
● Do not run the engine outdoors where engine exhaust can be drawn into a building
through openings such as windows and
doors.
Genuine Yamaha Accessories
Choosing accessories for your snowmobile is
an important decision. Genuine Yamaha Accessories, which are available only from a
Yamaha dealer, have been designed, tested,
and approved by Yamaha for use on your
snowmobile. Many companies with no connection to Yamaha manufacture parts and ac-
4
cessories or offer other modifications for
Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a position
to test the products that these aftermarket
companies produce. Therefore, Yamaha can
neither endorse nor recommend the use of
accessories not sold by Yamaha or modifications not specifically recommended by
Yamaha, even if sold and installed by a
Yamaha dealer.
Maintenance and storage
●
●
●
●
●
When laying the snowmobile on its side for
maintenance, use a suitable stand to keep
it in a stable and level position.
Do not leave the snowmobile on its left side
for an extended period of time. Fuel may
leak out from the fuel breather hose.
Do not allow anyone to stand behind the
snowmobile when starting, inspecting, or
adjusting the snowmobile. A broken track,
track fittings, or debris thrown by the track
could be dangerous to the operator or bystanders.
Modifications made to the snowmobile not
approved by Yamaha, or the removal of
original equipment may render your snowmobile unsafe for use, which may cause severe personal injury. Modifications may
also make the snowmobile illegal to use.
Never store the snowmobile with fuel in the
fuel tank inside a building where ignition
sources are present such as hot water and
space heaters, an open flame, sparks,
clothes dryers, and the like. Allow the engine to cool off before storing the snowmobile in an enclosed space.
U8GL11E0.book Page 5 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Description
ESU10260
FX10/FX10RTR
1,2,3 4 5,6,7,8
10
12
FX10MTR
1,2,3 4 5,6,7,8
12
1. Storage pouch
2. Tool kit
3. Coolant reservoir
4. Air filter
5. Battery
6. Main fuse
7. Oil filler cap
8. Fuse box
9. Strap (FX10MTR)
10. Tail/brake light
11. Slide rail suspension
11
9
10
11
12. Drive track
5
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Description
1 2 3 4
5
9
6
7
8
15
13 14
16 17
12
18
19
11
10
24 23
22 21 20
1. Brake lever
2. Parking brake lever
3. Grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch
4. Headlight beam switch
5. Engine stop switch
6. Throttle lever
7. Main switch
8. Shift lever
9. Auxiliary DC jack (FX10MTR)
10. “RESET” button
11. “SELECT” button
12. Fuel level warning indicator
13. Oil level warning indicator
6
14. Coolant temperature warning indicator
15. Self-diagnosis warning indicator
16. Speedometer
17. Odometer/tripmeter/engine speed meter
18. Fuel meter and grip/thumb warmer level indicator
19. Fuel meter indicator
20. High beam indicator light
21. Low coolant temperature indicator light
22. Warning light
23. Grip warmer indicator
24. Thumb warmer indicator
U8GL11E0.book Page 7 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Description
TIP
●
●
The snowmobile you have purchased may differ slightly from those shown in the figures of
this manual.
Design and specifications are subjected to change without notice.
7
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Control functions
ESU10292
Main switch
The main switch controls the ignition and
lighting systems. The various positions are
described below.
1. Throttle lever
ESU10321
Engine overheating prevention
system
1. Off
2. On
3. Start
Off
The ignition circuit is switched off.
The key can be removed only in this position.
On
This model is equipped with a system, which
prevents overheating when the engine is
idling.
When the engine has been idling for 3 minutes or longer and the coolant temperature
has risen above 100 °C (212 °F), the engine
automatically stops to prevent overheating.
The ignition circuit is switched on.
TIP
Start
The engine can be started after it stops.
The starting circuit is switched on.
The starter motor cranks the engine.
NOTICE: Release the switch immediately
after the engine starts. [ECS00021]
TIP
The headlights and taillight come on after the
engine is started.
ESU10312
Throttle lever
Once the engine is running cleanly, squeezing the throttle lever will increase the engine
speed and cause engagement of the drive
train. Regulate the speed of the snowmobile
by varying the throttle position. Because the
throttle is spring-loaded, the snowmobile will
decelerate, and the engine will return to idle
when it is released.
8
ESU10345
Throttle override system
(T.O.R.S.)
EWS00041
WARNING
If the T.O.R.S. is activated, make sure that
the cause of the malfunction has been corrected and that the engine can be operated
without a problem before restarting the
engine. Continuing to operate with a malfunction could cause loss of control or
damage.
If the throttle bodies or throttle cable malfunctions during operation, the T.O.R.S. will operate when the throttle lever is released.
The T.O.R.S. is designed to override the fuel
injection and limit the engine speed to less
than the clutch engagement speed if the throt-
U8GL11E0.book Page 9 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
tle valves fail to return to the idle position
when the throttle lever is released. (See page
76 for the clutch engagement speed.)
Idling /
starting
Running
Trouble
Throttle
switch
Off
On
Off
Throttle
position
sensor
Closed
Open
Open
Engine
Run
Run
T.O.R.S.
will operate.
Trouble
1. Throttle position sensor (throttle valve open
position)
2. Throttle switch (off)
Idling / starting
TIP
●
●
1. Throttle position sensor (throttle valve
closed position)
2. Throttle switch (off)
3. Throttle cable
If the T.O.R.S. is activated, the warning light
and self-diagnosis warning indicator will
flash, and the two-digit code “84” will flash in
the meter display.
The T.O.R.S. monitors the condition of the
throttle position sensor, speedometer assembly, and speed sensor, and will operate
if any of the monitored items is disconnected or is malfunctioning.
Running
1. Warning light “ ”
2. Self-diagnosis warning indicator “
3. Two-digit code “84”
1. Throttle position sensor (throttle valve open
position)
2. Throttle switch (on)
”
ESU12720
Speedometer unit
The speedometer unit is equipped with the
following:
9
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Control functions
a digital speedometer (which shows the
riding speed)
● an odometer (which shows the total distance traveled)
● a tripmeter (which shows the distance traveled since it was last set to zero)
● an engine speed meter (which shows the
engine speed; not for use while riding)
● warning indicators (which show self-diagnosis, coolant temperature, fuel level, and
oil level warnings)
● indicator lights (which show high beam and
low coolant temperature conditions)
● a warning light (which shows warnings together with the warning indicators)
● a fuel meter (which shows the fuel remaining in the fuel tank)
● a grip/thumb warmer level indicator (which
shows the grip warmer or the thumb warmer level)
After the main switch is turned on, the warning
light, the low coolant temperature indicator
light, and all segments of the meter display
turn on and off once.
The grip warmer level is initially displayed for
5 seconds, then the display switches to the
fuel meter.
●
Odometer, tripmeter, and engine
speed meter modes
Pushing the “SELECT” button switches the
display between the odometer mode “ODO”,
tripmeter mode “TRIP”, and engine speed
meter mode “r/min”.
To reset the tripmeter, push the “RESET” button for at least 1 second while the tripmeter is
displayed.
1. “SELECT” button
2. “RESET” button
TIP
●
●
To switch the speedometer, odometer, and
tripmeter displays between kilometers and
miles, select the odometer mode “ODO”,
and then push the “SELECT” button for at
least 10 seconds while the snowmobile is
stopped.
Use the engine speed meter only when
checking the snowmobile and performing
basic maintenance. The engine speed
meter should not be used while riding the
snowmobile since the reading will vary from
the actual engine speed.
ESU10410
High beam indicator light “
1. Warning light “ ”
2. Low coolant temperature indicator
light “
”
3. Meter display
10
”
The high beam indicator light comes on when
the high beams of the headlights are switched
on. (See page 14 for headlight beam switch
operation.)
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Control functions
ESU10433
Fuel meter and grip/thumb
warmer level indicator
The fuel meter and grip/thumb warmer level
indicator have eight segments which show
the amount of fuel remaining in the fuel tank,
the grip warmer level, or the thumb warmer
level.
1. High beam indicator light “
”
ESU10472
Low coolant temperature indicator light “ ”
The low coolant temperature indicator light
comes on when the coolant temperature is
low and informs the rider that the snowmobile
should be warmed up. After the engine is
started, warm it up until the indicator light
goes off.
1. Fuel meter and grip/thumb warmer level indicator
Fuel meter
The display segments of the fuel meter disappear towards “E” (Empty) as the fuel level decreases. When only one segment is left near
“E”, the fuel level warning indicator and the
warning light come on.
1. Low coolant temperature indicator
light “
”
The snowmobile can be operated normally after the indicator light goes off.
TIP
Drive the snowmobile at low speeds when the
low coolant temperature indicator light is on. If
the engine speed is too high, maximum engine speed is reduced to protect the engine.
1. Fuel level warning indicator “
2. Warning light “ ”
”
If the fuel level warning indicator and the
warning light come on, refuel as soon as possible.
11
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Control functions
TIP
TIP
The snowmobile must be stopped on a level
surface to obtain an accurate fuel meter reading, since the reading changes according to
the movement and inclination of the snowmobile.
●
Grip/thumb warmer level indicator
When the grip warmer side of the grip/thumb
warmer adjustment switch is pressed, the grip
warmer indicator comes on and the display
switches to the grip warmer level.
When the thumb warmer side of the
grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch is
pressed, the thumb warmer indicator comes
on and the display switches to the thumb
warmer level.
See “Grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch”
on page 14 for detailed information.
●
The grip/thumb warmer level is displayed
for 5 seconds after releasing the grip/thumb
warmer adjustment switch, then the display
switches to the fuel meter.
When the engine is started, the grip/thumb
warmer levels are set to the levels selected
when the engine was last stopped.
ESU10451
Fuel level warning
indicator “ ”
The fuel level warning indicator indicates a
malfunctioning sensor, disconnected coupler,
broken lead, or short circuit when detected by
the self-diagnosis device of the snowmobile.
The fuel level warning indicator, warning light,
and all segments of the fuel meter warn the
rider of the above problems by flashing continuously.
If this occurs, have a Yamaha dealer inspect
the snowmobile as soon as possible.
1. Grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch
1. Fuel level warning indicator “
2. Warning light “ ”
3. Fuel meter
”
ESU10460
Oil level warning indicator “
”
The oil level warning indicator and the warning light come on when the engine oil level is
low.
1. Grip warmer indicator “
”
2. Thumb warmer indicator “
”
12
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Control functions
1. Oil level warning indicator “
2. Warning light “ ”
”
If the oil level warning indicator and the warning light come on, place the snowmobile on a
level surface and allow it to idle for one
minute.
If the oil level warning indicator and the warning light go off, the engine oil level is sufficient,
however it is getting low. Add engine oil as
soon as possible.
If the oil level warning indicator and the warning light do not go off, check the engine oil level in the oil tank (see page 49 for engine oil
level checking procedures), and add engine
oil if necessary.
ESU10512
Coolant temperature warning
indicator “ ”
If the engine overheats, the coolant temperature warning indicator and the warning light
come on. When this occurs, stop the engine
immediately and allow the engine to cool
down, and then check the coolant level in the
coolant reservoir. (See page 54 for checking
procedures.)
1. Coolant temperature warning indicator “
2. Warning light “ ”
”
ECS00041
NOTICE
Do not continue to operate the engine if it
is overheating.
ESU12682
Self-diagnosis device
This model is equipped with a self-diagnosis
device for various electrical circuits.
If a problem is detected in any of those circuits, the warning light and the self-diagnosis
warning indicator will flash, and a two-digit error code will flash slowly in the tripmeter/odometer display. Note the error code,
and then have a Yamaha dealer inspect the
snowmobile as soon as possible. NOTICE:
Do not continue to operate the engine
longer than necessary if there is an error
code to avoid possible engine damage.
[ECS00820]
13
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Control functions
1. Warning light “ ”
2. Self-diagnosis warning indicator “
3. Two-digit error code
”
1. Headlight beam switch “LIGHTS”
2. High beam “HI”
3. Low beam “LO”
ESU10531
ESU10674
Engine stop switch “ ”
Grip/thumb warmer adjustment
switch
The engine stop switch is used to stop the engine in an emergency. Simply push the stop
switch to stop the engine. To start the engine,
pull the stop switch and proceed with starting
the engine. (See page 32 for engine starting
procedures.)
The grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch
controls the electrically heated handlebar
grips and throttle lever.
1. Grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch
1. Engine stop switch “
”
During the first few rides, practice using the
stop switch so that you can react quickly in an
emergency.
ESU10661
Headlight beam switch
“LIGHTS”
Push the headlight beam switch to change the
headlight to high beam “HI” or to low beam
“LO”.
14
To raise the temperature
To raise the grip warmer temperature, press
the “ ” side of the switch. To raise the thumb
warmer temperature, press the “ ” side of
the switch.
To lower the temperature
Continue to press the switch until the temperature level returns to the minimum level, and
then raise the temperature to the desired level.
See “Fuel meter and grip/thumb warmer level
indicator” on page 11 for detailed information.
U8GL11E0.book Page 15 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
ESU10691
ESU10560
Auxiliary DC jack (FX10MTR)
Brake lever
The auxiliary DC jack is located in the front
panel and can be used for accessories.
The snowmobile is stopped by braking the entire drive system.
Squeeze the brake lever towards the handlebar grip to stop the snowmobile.
TIP
The auxiliary DC jack cannot be used if the
engine is not running.
To use the auxiliary DC jack
1. Start the engine.
2. Open the auxiliary DC jack cap, and then
insert the accessory power plug into the
jack.
1. Brake lever
TIP
When the brake lever is operated, the brake
light will illuminate.
ECS00060
NOTICE
1. Auxiliary DC jack cap
2. Auxiliary DC jack
3.
After using the auxiliary DC jack, be sure
to remove the accessory power plug from
the jack and to close the auxiliary DC jack
cap.
ECS00120
NOTICE
●
●
Do not use accessories requiring more
than the maximum rated capacity for the
auxiliary DC jack. This may overload the
circuit and cause the fuse to blow. (See
page 69 for the specified amperage.)
Do not use an automotive cigarette lighter or other accessory with a plug that
gets hot because the jack can be damaged.
Make sure that the brake lever end does
not project out over the handlebar end.
This will help prevent brake lever damage
when the snowmobile is placed on its side
for service.
The brake lever is equipped with a position
adjuster.
To adjust the brake lever position:
1. Loosen the locknut.
2. While lightly pushing the brake lever in direction (a), finger tighten the adjusting
bolt to set the brake lever to the desired
position.
Maximum rated capacity:
DC 12 V, 2.5 A (30 W)
15
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Control functions
ESU13032
Shift lever
The shift lever is used to put the snowmobile
into forward or reverse. Before shifting, wait
for the snowmobile to come to a complete
stop with the engine idling. Pull the shift lever
out, slide it to “FWD” or to “REV” until it stops,
and then push it back in.
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting bolt
3.
Tighten the locknut securely after adjusting the brake lever.
ESU10581
Parking brake lever
When parking the snowmobile or starting the
engine, apply the parking brake by moving the
parking brake lever to the left.
1. Parking brake lever
To release the parking brake, move the parking brake lever to the right.
16
1. Shift lever
1. Pull out.
2. Slide to “FWD” (forward).
3. Push in.
U8GL11E0.book Page 17 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
1
1. Pull out.
2. Slide to “REV” (reverse).
3. Push in.
1. Left side cover
ESU12733
Drive guard
ECS00072
EWS00401
NOTICE
WARNING
Do not use the shift lever while the snowmobile is moving, otherwise the drive train
could be damaged.
●
ESU10722
Shroud and covers
●
Securely fasten the shroud and covers before
operating the snowmobile. (See page 44 for
removal and installation procedures.)
2
1
Coming in contact with the rotating Vbelt or clutch parts can cause severe injury or death. Never run the engine with
the drive guard removed.
Make sure that the drive guard is tightened securely before operating the
snowmobile to protect against severe
injury or death from a broken V-belt or
other part should it come off the snowmobile while it is in operation.
ECS00830
NOTICE
Never run the engine with the V-belt removed. Clutch components can be damaged.
1. Shroud
2. Right side cover
The drive guard is designed to protect the Vbelt clutch and V-belt in case parts break or
come loose.
The drive guard is located behind the left side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
17
U8GL11E0.book Page 18 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
1
1
2
1. Drive guard
2. Drive guard locking pin
To remove the drive guard
1. Pull out the drive guard locking pin from
the drive guard rear holder.
2. Lift up the rear of the drive guard as
shown, and then pull the guard rearward
to remove it.
1. Drive guard
2.
Align the slots in the rear of the drive
guard with the projections on the drive
guard rear holder, and then insert the
drive guard locking pin into the holder.
1
2
1. Drive guard
2. Drive guard locking pin
ESU13040
To install the drive guard
1. Insert the projections on the drive guard
front holder into the slots in the front of the
drive guard.
18
Storage pouch
The storage pouch is located under the
shroud. Use the storage pouch to store the
tool kit, spare parts, such as the V-belt, or other small items.
U8GL11E0.book Page 19 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
TIP
When installing the storage pouch, make sure
that the swivel hook is securely hooked onto
the bracket.
Storing the spare V-belt
Keep a spare V-belt for emergency use by
storing it in the storage pouch.
TIP
1. Storage pouch
To remove the storage pouch
Unhook the swivel hook from the storage
pouch bracket, and then pull out the storage
pouch as shown.
When storing a spare V-belt in the storage
pouch, be sure to secure it with the hook and
loop fastener.
1. Hook and loop fastener
ESU10601
1. Swivel hook
2. Storage pouch bracket
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the
tank.
EWS00071
WARNING
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are extremely flammable. To avoid fires and explosions and to reduce the risk of injury
when refueling, follow these instructions.
1.
To install the storage pouch
Place the storage pouch in the original position, and then hook the swivel hook onto the
bracket.
Before refueling, turn off the engine and
be sure that nobody is on the snowmobile. Never refuel while smoking, or while
in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or
other sources of ignition such as the pilot
lights of water heaters and clothes dryers.
19
U8GL11E0.book Page 20 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
2.
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Stop filling
when the fuel reaches the bottom of the
filler tube. Because fuel expands when it
heats up, heat from the engine or the sun
can cause fuel to spill out of the fuel tank.
EWS00680
WARNING
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause injury or death. Handle gasoline with care.
Never siphon gasoline by mouth. If you
should swallow some gasoline or inhale a
lot of gasoline vapor, or get some gasoline
in your eyes, see your doctor immediately.
If gasoline spills on your skin, wash with
soap and water. If gasoline spills on your
clothing, change your clothes.
Recommended fuel:
REGULAR UNLEADED GASOLINE
ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
28.0 L (7.40 US gal, 6.16 Imp.gal)
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to
use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump
octane number [(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a
research octane number of 91 or higher.
ECS00080
NOTICE
●
1. Filler tube
2. Fuel level
●
●
●
Oxygenated fuels (gasohol) containing
a maximum 5% of ethanol can be used,
although richer jetting may be required
to prevent engine damage. Consult a
Yamaha dealer. Gasohol containing
methanol is not recommended.
Make sure that snow or ice does not enter the fuel tank when refueling.
Do not use alcohol deicers or water absorbing additives with oxygenated fuel.
The fuel tank should be filled with
straight gasoline as specified.
ESU10872
Suspension
3.
4.
20
Wipe up any spilled fuel immediately.
Be sure the fuel tank cap is closed securely by turning it clockwise.
The suspension can be adjusted to suit rider
preference. Softer settings, for example, may
provide greater rider comfort, while harder
U8GL11E0.book Page 21 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
settings may allow more precise handling and
control over certain types of terrain or riding
conditions.
If you are not familiar with suspension adjustments, have a Yamaha dealer make these
adjustments.
3
1
(a)
2
(b)
EWS00151
WARNING
Read and understand the following information before handling shock absorbers
that contain highly pressurized nitrogen
gas.
● Do not tamper with or attempt to open
the cylinder assemblies.
● Do not subject the shock absorbers to
an open flame or other high heat source.
This may cause the unit to explode due
to excessive gas pressure.
● Do not deform or damage the cylinders
in any way. Cylinder damage will result
in poor damping performance.
● Do not dispose of a damaged or worn
out shock absorber yourself. Take the
shock absorber to a Yamaha dealer for
any service.
ESU10893
Adjusting the spring preload of the
front shock absorbers (FX10 /
FX10MTR)
EWS00720
WARNING
The spring preload of the left and right
shock absorbers must be adjusted to the
same setting. Uneven settings can cause
poor handling and loss of stability.
The spring preload can be adjusted by turning
the adjusting nuts.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
1. Locknut
2. Distance A
3. Spring preload adjusting nut
1.
2.
Loosen the locknut.
To increase the spring preload and thereby harden the suspension, turn the adjusting nut in direction (a). To decrease
the spring preload and thereby soften the
suspension, turn the adjusting nut in direction (b).
TIP
The spring preload setting is determined by
measuring distance A, shown in the illustration. The longer distance A is, the higher the
spring preload; the shorter distance A is, the
lower the spring preload.
Spring preload setting*:
Minimum (soft):
FX10 141.6 mm (5.57 in)
FX10MTR 156.0 mm (6.14 in)
Standard:
FX10 141.6 mm (5.57 in)
FX10MTR 156.0 mm (6.14 in)
Maximum (hard):
FX10 151.6 mm (5.97 in)
FX10MTR 166.0 mm (6.54 in)
* Distance A changes 1.5 mm (0.06 in)
with each full turn of the adjusting nut.
21
U8GL11E0.book Page 22 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
3.
Tighten the locknut to the specified
torque. NOTICE: Always tighten the
locknut against the adjusting nut, and
then tighten the locknut to the specified torque. [ECS00860]
Tightening torque:
Locknut:
42 Nm (4.2 m·kgf, 30 ft·lbf)
ESU12553
ECS00710
NOTICE
Make sure that there is no load on the
shock absorbers and that they are fully extended before making any air pressure adjustments.
1.
2.
Adjusting the air pressure of the front
shock absorbers (FX10RTR)
EWS00730
3.
WARNING
Place the snowmobile on a level surface
and apply the parking brake.
Lift the front of the snowmobile onto a
suitable stand to raise the skis off the
ground.
Remove the air valve cap from the shock
absorber.
The air pressure of the left and right shock
absorbers must be adjusted to the same
setting. Uneven settings can cause poor
handling and loss of stability.
This snowmobile is equipped with FOX shock
absorbers as standard equipment.
The air pressure of the shock absorbers can
be adjusted using the shock absorber pump
included with your snowmobile.
1. Air valve cap
4.
1. Shock absorber pump
To adjust the air pressure
EWS00621
WARNING
Support the snowmobile securely on a
suitable stand before adjusting the shock
absorbers. Otherwise, the snowmobile
could fall and cause injury.
22
Install the hose connector of the shock
absorber pump onto the air valve of the
shock absorber and tighten it approximately six turns until the pressure registers on the pump gauge. NOTICE: Do
not overtighten the connector onto
the air valve as this will damage the
connector seal. [ECS00721]
U8GL11E0.book Page 23 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
1. Hose connector
1. Bleed valve button
Air pressure range:
345 kPa (3.4 kgf/cm², 50 psi) to 1034
kPa (10.3 kgf/cm², 150 psi)
Recommended air pressure:
517 kPa (5.3 kgf/cm², 75 psi)
TIP
If the shock absorber has no air pressure, the
gauge reading will be zero.
5.
To increase the air pressure, operate the
pump a few times. The pressure should
increase slowly. If the pressure increases
rapidly, check to make sure that the
pump is properly connected and tightened onto the air valve. To decrease the
air pressure, push the black bleed valve
button. NOTICE: Do not exceed 1034
kPa (10.3 kgf/cm², 150 psi). [ECS00732]
TIP
To allow pressure to escape from the pump
and the shock absorber, push the button halfway down and hold it. To allow only a small
amount of pressure to escape, push the button all the way down and quickly release it.
6.
Remove the hose connector from the air
valve.
TIP
When removing the connector, the sound of
air escaping may be heard, but this is from the
pump hose, not the shock absorber.
7.
Install the air valve cap.
TIP
If the front shock absorber bottoms too easily
or rolls too much during cornering, increase
the air pressure by 34 kPa (0.3 kgf/cm², 5 psi).
If the shock absorber is too firm and you want
a more compliant ride, decrease the air pressure by 34 kPa (0.3 kgf/cm², 5 psi).
23
U8GL11E0.book Page 24 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
ESU10925
Adjusting the damping forces of the
front shock absorbers (FX10)
EWS00740
WARNING
To increase the rebound damping force, turn
the adjusting knob in direction (a). To decrease the rebound damping force, turn the
adjusting knob in direction (b).
The damping forces of the left and right
shock absorbers must be adjusted to the
same settings. Uneven settings can cause
poor handling and loss of stability.
Compression damping force
The compression damping force of each
shock absorber can be adjusted by turning its
compression damping force adjusting knob.
To increase the compression damping force,
turn the adjusting knob in direction (a). To decrease the compression damping force, turn
the adjusting knob in direction (b).
1. Rebound damping force adjusting knob
Rebound damping setting:
Minimum (soft):
20 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
11 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
3 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting knob fully turned in
direction (a)
TIP
1. Compression damping force adjusting knob
Compression damping setting:
Minimum (soft):
12 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
6 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
2 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting knob fully turned in
direction (a)
Rebound damping force
The rebound damping force of each shock
absorber can be adjusted by turning its rebound damping force adjusting knob.
24
The damping forces will not decrease past the
minimum levels even if the adjusting knobs
are turned out more than the minimum settings.
ESU13132
Adjusting the spring preload of the
center shock absorber and the rear
torsion springs
The spring preload can be adjusted by turning
the adjusting nut on the center shock absorber and the adjusters on the rear torsion
springs. Adjust the spring preload as follows.
U8GL11E0.book Page 25 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
Center shock absorber
3.
1
2
3
(a)
(b)
Tighten the locknut to the specified
torque. NOTICE: Always tighten the
locknut against the adjusting nut, and
then tighten the locknut to the specified torque. [ECS00860]
Tightening torque:
Locknut:
42 Nm (4.2 m·kgf, 30 ft·lbf)
Rear torsion springs
EWS00750
1. Spring preload adjusting nut
2. Distance A
3. Locknut
1.
2.
Loosen the locknut.
To increase the spring preload and thereby harden the suspension, turn the adjusting nut in direction (a). To decrease
the spring preload and thereby soften the
suspension, turn the adjusting nut in direction (b).
WARNING
The left and right spring preloads must be
adjusted to the same setting. Uneven settings can cause poor handling and loss of
stability.
(a)
(b)
TIP
The spring preload setting is determined by
measuring distance A, shown in the illustration. The longer distance A is, the higher the
spring preload; the shorter distance A is, the
lower the spring preload.
Spring preload setting*:
Minimum (soft):
FX10 92.6 mm (3.65 in)
FX10RTR 74.4 mm (2.93 in)
FX10MTR 104.1 mm (4.10 in)
Standard:
FX10 101.6 mm (4.00 in)
FX10RTR 84.4 mm (3.32 in)
FX10MTR 122.1 mm (4.81 in)
Maximum (hard):
FX10 108.6 mm (4.28 in)
FX10RTR 91.4 mm (3.60 in)
FX10MTR 131.1 mm (5.16 in)
* Distance A changes 1.5 mm (0.06 in)
with each full turn of the adjusting nut.
1
1. Spring preload adjuster
To increase the spring preload and thereby
harden the suspension, turn the adjuster in direction (a). To decrease the spring preload
and thereby soften the suspension, turn the
adjuster in direction (b).
Spring preload setting:
Minimum (soft):
S
Standard:
M
Maximum (hard):
H
25
U8GL11E0.book Page 26 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
ESU12754
Adjusting the damping forces of the
center shock absorber and the rear
shock absorber
ECS00880
NOTICE
●
●
●
Do not continue to turn the adjuster in
direction (a) after it stops. The shock absorber could be damaged and damping
force adjustments will not be able to be
made.
Do not turn the adjuster in direction (b)
beyond the adjustable range. Even if the
adjuster is continually turned beyond
the adjustable range, there will be no
change in the damping force.
Be sure to stop the adjuster at a position
where there is a click.
FX10
The compression damping force can be adjusted by turning the adjusting screw.
To increase the compression damping force,
turn the adjusting screw in direction (a). To
decrease the compression damping force,
turn the adjusting screw in direction (b).
Compression damping force setting:
Minimum (soft):
12 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
6 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
2 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting screw fully turned in
direction (a)
FX10MTR
The compression damping force can be adjusted by turning the adjusting knob.
To increase the compression damping force,
turn the adjusting knob in direction (a). To decrease the compression damping force, turn
the adjusting knob in direction (b).
1
(b)
(a)
1. Compression damping force adjusting knob
Compression damping force setting:
Minimum (soft):
12 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
6 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
2 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting knob fully turned in
direction (a)
1. Compression damping force adjusting
screw
26
FX10RTR
The compression and rebound damping forces can be adjusted by turning the adjusting
screw or dial.
U8GL11E0.book Page 27 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
To increase the compression damping force,
turn the adjusting screw in direction (a). To
decrease the compression damping force,
turn the adjusting screw in direction (b).
Compression damping force setting
(rear):
Minimum (soft):
12 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
6 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
2 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting screw fully turned in
direction (a)
To increase the rebound damping force, turn
the adjusting dial in direction (a). To decrease
the rebound damping force, turn the adjusting
dial in direction (b).
1. Compression damping force adjusting
screw
Compression damping force setting (center):
Minimum (soft):
12 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
6 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
2 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting screw fully turned in
direction (a)
1. Rebound damping force adjusting dial
Rebound damping force setting (center):
Minimum (soft):
20 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
11 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
3 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting dial fully turned in direction (a)
1. Compression damping force adjusting
screw
27
U8GL11E0.book Page 28 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
1. Rebound damping force adjusting dial
Rebound damping force setting (rear):
Minimum (soft):
20 click(s) in direction (b)*
Standard:
11 click(s) in direction (b)*
Maximum (hard):
3 click(s) in direction (b)*
* With the adjusting dial fully turned in direction (a)
ESU13013
Adjusting the control rods (FX10MTR)
EWS00770
WARNING
The left and right adjusting nuts must be
set to the same position. Uneven settings
can cause poor handling and loss of stability.
The weight transfer can be adjusted by turning the adjusting nuts on the control rods.
1. Loosen the locknut while holding the adjusting nut.
28
1. Locknut
2. Control rod adjusting nut
2.
To increase weight transfer, turn the adjusting nut in direction (a), and to decrease weight transfer, turn it in direction
(b). WARNING! Never adjust the control rods beyond the maximum setting, indicated by red paint; otherwise,
they could be damaged, which could
lead to an accident or injury. [EWS00173]
U8GL11E0.book Page 29 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Control functions
1. Red paint area
2. Adjustable range
3. Standard position
3.
Tighten the locknut while holding the adjusting nut in place.
Locknut tightening torque:
25 Nm (2.5 m·kgf, 18 ft·lbf)
29
U8GL11E0.book Page 30 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Pre-operation checks
ESU11071
Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the
Owner’s Manual.
EWS00191
WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility of an accident or equipment damage. Do not operate the vehicle if you find any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided in this manual, have the vehicle
inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
ESU11080
Pre-operation check list
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Fuel
• Check fuel level.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
19
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified
level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
49
Coolant
• Check coolant level.
• Add if necessary.
54
V-belt
• Check for wear and damage.
• Replace if necessary.
55
Drive guard
• Make sure that drive guard is tightened securely.
• Check the drive guard mounts for damage.
17
Brake
• Check operation.
• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
• Check brake pads for wear.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check fluid level in master cylinder.
• If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to
specified level.
• Check hydraulic system for leakage.
59
Air filter
• Check that there is no snow under the air filter element.
• If necessary, brush off the snow.
47
Tool kit and recommended
equipment
• Check for proper placement.
44
Shroud and covers
• Make sure that the shroud and covers are securely
fastened.
17
Skis and ski runners
• Check for wear and damage.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer replace skis or
ski runners.
62
30
U8GL11E0.book Page 31 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Pre-operation checks
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Drive track
• Check for deflection, wear and damage.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer replace track.
63
Slide runners
• Check for wear and damage.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer replace slide
runners.
63
Steering
• Check for excessive free play.
62
Strap (FX10MTR)
• Check for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
37
Lights, signals and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
14, 14, 67, 67
Throttle lever
• Make sure that operation is smooth and spring
back to its home position when released.
8
Throttle override system
(T.O.R.S.)
• Check the T.O.R.S. for proper operation.
• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check
vehicle.
46
31
U8GL11E0.book Page 32 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
ESU13210
2.
Be sure the engine stop switch is in the
run position. The starter motor cannot be
operated when the engine stop switch is
in the off position.
3.
Turn the main switch to the start position
and release it when the engine starts.
NOTICE: Release the switch immediately after the engine starts. If the engine fails to start, release the switch,
wait a few seconds, then try again.
Each attempt should be as short as
possible to preserve the battery. Do
not crank the engine more than 10
seconds on any one attempt. [ECS00331]
TIP
This model is equipped with an engine oil
pressure switch to stop the engine in case an
engine oil pressure drop is detected. To start
the engine after this system has stopped the
engine, be sure to place the snowmobile on a
level surface, and then turn the key in the
main switch to the off position, and then to the
on position. Failing to do so will prevent the
engine from starting even though the engine
will crank when turning the key to the start position. If the engine does not start or if it stops
again, ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect the
snowmobile.
ESU11302
Starting the engine
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to become familiar with all controls. If there is a
control or function you do not understand, ask
your Yamaha dealer.
EWS00201
WARNING
Failure to familiarize yourself with the controls can lead to loss of control, which
could cause an accident or injury.
1.
Apply the parking brake.
1. Start
4.
5.
32
Warm up the engine until it runs smoothly.
Be sure the low coolant temperature indicator light has gone out before operation.
(See page 11 for detailed information
about the indicator light.)
U8GL11E0.book Page 33 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
ESU11310
Break-in
There is never a more important period in the
life of your engine than the period between 0
and 500 km (300 mi). For this reason, you
should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not put an
excessive load on it for the first 500 km (300
mi). The various parts in the engine wear and
polish themselves to the correct operating
clearances. During this period, prolonged fullthrottle operation or any condition that might
result in engine overheating must be avoided.
Operating your snowmobile for the
first time
Start the engine and let it idle for 15 minutes.
0–160 km (0–100 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 6000 r/min.
160–500 km (100–300 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 8000 r/min.
500 km (300 mi) and beyond
The snowmobile can now be operated normally.
ECS00340
NOTICE
●
●
After 800 km (500 mi) of operation, the
engine oil must be changed and the oil
filter cartridge replaced.
If any engine trouble should occur during the engine break-in period, immediately have a Yamaha dealer check the
snowmobile.
ESU11333
Riding your snowmobile
Getting to know your snowmobile
EWS00211
WARNING
To avoid severe injury or death:
● Keep both hands on the handlebar during operation.
● Never put your feet outside the running
boards.
●
Avoid higher speeds or more difficult
maneuvers until you have become thoroughly familiar with your snowmobile
and all of its controls.
A snowmobile is a rider active vehicle, and
your riding position and your balance are the
two basic factors of maneuvering your snowmobile.
Riding your snowmobile requires skills acquired through practice over a period of time.
Take the time to learn the basic techniques
well before attempting more difficult maneuvers.
Riding your new snowmobile can be a very
enjoyable activity, providing you with hours of
pleasure. However, it is essential to familiarize yourself with the operation of the snowmobile to achieve the skill necessary to enjoy
riding safely. Before operating the snowmobile, read this Owner’s Manual completely
and understand the operation of the controls.
Pay particular attention to the safety information on page 3.
Please read all warning and notice labels on
your snowmobile. Also, read the Snowmobiler’s Safety Handbook that is supplied with
your snowmobile.
Learning to ride your snowmobile
Before you ride, always perform the pre-operation checks listed on page 30. The short time
spent checking the condition of the snowmobile will be rewarded with added safety and a
more reliable snowmobile. Always wear the
proper clothing for both warmth and to help
protect you from injury if an accident occurs.
Become familiar with operating your snowmobile at low speeds, even if you are an experienced rider. Do not attempt to operate at
maximum performance until you are totally familiar with the snowmobile’s handling and
performance characteristics.
33
U8GL11E0.book Page 34 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
The beginning operator should select a large
flat area to become familiar with the snowmobile. Make sure that this area is free of obstacles and other traffic. You should practice
control of the throttle and brake, and master
turning techniques in this area before trying
more difficult terrain.
Set the parking brake and follow the instructions on page 32 to start the engine. Once the
engine has warmed up, you are ready to begin riding your snowmobile.
As you approach a curve, slow down and begin to turn the handlebar in the desired direction. As you do so, put your weight on the
running board to the inside of the turn and
lean your upper body into the turn.
To start out and accelerate
1.
With the engine idling, release the parking brake.
Apply the throttle slowly and smoothly.
The V-belt clutch will engage and you will
start to accelerate. WARNING! Do not
allow anyone to stand behind the
snowmobile when starting the engine.
A broken track, track fittings, or debris
thrown by the track could be dangerous to bystanders. [EWS00690]
2.
Braking
EWS00220
WARNING
●
●
Many surfaces such as ice and hardpacked snow require much longer stopping distances. Be alert, plan ahead, and
begin decelerating early.
Improper use of the brake can cause the
drive track to lose traction, reduce control, and increase the possibility of an
accident.
When slowing down or stopping, release the
throttle and apply the brake gently—not suddenly.
Turning
For most snow surfaces, “body English” is the
key to turning.
34
This procedure should be practiced at low
speeds many times, in a large flat area with no
obstacles. Once you have learned this technique, you should be able to perform it at higher speeds or in tighter curves. Lean more as
the turn gets sharper or is made at higher
speeds.
Improper riding techniques such as abrupt
throttle changes, excessive braking, incorrect
body movements, or too much speed for the
sharpness of the turn may cause the snowmobile to tip.
If your snowmobile begins to tip while turning,
lean more into the turn to regain balance. If
necessary, gradually let off on the throttle or
steer to the outside of the turn.
Remember:
Avoid higher speeds until you are thoroughly
familiar with the operation of your snowmobile.
Riding uphill
EWS00231
WARNING
Operation on slopes can lead to loss of
control if proper techniques are not used.
Follow these instructions to reduce your
U8GL11E0.book Page 35 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
risk of an accident. Do not try steeper or
more difficult inclines until you have developed your skill on gentle slopes.
You should practice first on gentle slopes. Try
more difficult climbs only after you have developed your skill. As you approach a hill, accelerate before you start the climb, and then
reduce the throttle to prevent track slippage. It
is also important to keep your weight on the
uphill side at all times. On climbs straight up
the hill, this can be accomplished by leaning
forward and, on steeper inclines, standing on
the running boards and leaning forward over
the handlebar. (Also see “Traversing a
slope”.)
Slow down as you reach the crest of the hill,
and be prepared to react to obstacles, sharp
drops, or other vehicles or people which may
be on the other side. If you are unable to continue up a hill, do not spin the track. Stop the
engine and set the parking brake. Then pull
the rear of the snowmobile around to point the
snowmobile back down the hill. When the
snowmobile is pointed downhill, mount your
snowmobile from the uphill side. Restart the
engine, release the parking brake, and descend the hill.
Riding downhill
EWS00240
WARNING
Use extra caution when applying the brake
during a descent. Excessive braking will
cause the drive track to lock, causing a
loss of control.
When riding downhill, keep speed to a minimum. It is important to apply just enough
throttle to keep the clutch engaged while descending the hill. This will allow you to use engine compression to help slow the
snowmobile, and to keep the snowmobile
from rolling freely down the hill. Also apply the
brake frequently, with light pressure.
Traversing a slope
EWS00251
WARNING
Driving across the face of a slope (“sidehilling”) can lead to overturn or loss of
control if proper techniques are not used.
Follow these instructions to reduce your
risk of an accident. Do not try steeper or
more difficult inclines until you have developed your skill on gentle slopes.
Traversing a slope requires you to properly
position your weight to maintain proper balance. As you travel across the slope, lean
your body to position your weight towards the
uphill side. A recommended riding position is
to kneel with the knee of your downhill leg on
35
U8GL11E0.book Page 36 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
the seat and the foot of your uphill leg on the
running board. This position will make it easier for you to shift your body weight as needed.
Hard-packed snow
It can be more difficult to negotiate on hardpacked snow as both the skis and drive track
do not have as much traction as when the
snowmobile is operated on fresh snow. Avoid
rapid acceleration, turning, and braking.
Operation on surfaces other than
snow or ice
Snow and ice are slippery, so be prepared for
the possibility that your snowmobile could begin to slip sideways on the slope. If this happens, steer in the direction of the slide if there
are no obstacles in your path. As you regain
proper balance, gradually steer again in the
direction you wish to travel.
If your snowmobile starts to tip, steer down
the hill to regain balance. WARNING! If you
are unable to maintain correct balance,
and your snowmobile is going to tip over,
dismount your snowmobile immediately
on the uphill side to avoid being hit or
caught under the snowmobile as it tips
over. [EWS00261]
Ice or icy surface
EWS00270
WARNING
When you have to operate on ice or icy
surfaces, drive slowly and cautiously.
Avoid accelerating, turning, and braking
rapidly. Steering is minimal and uncontrolled spins are an ever-present danger.
Operation of your snowmobile on surfaces
other than snow or ice should be avoided. Operation under such conditions will damage or
result in rapid wear of the ski runners, drive
track, slide runners, and drive sprockets. Operation of the snowmobile on the following
surfaces should be avoided at all times:
● Dirt
● Sand
● Rocks
● Grass
● Bare pavement
Other surfaces that should be avoided for the
sake of drive track and slide runner life are:
● Glare ice surfaces
● Snow mixed with a lot of dirt and sand
All of the above surfaces have one thing in
common in regard to drive track and slide runners: little or no lubricating ability. Drive track
and all slide rail systems require lubrication
(snow or water) between the slide runners
and the slide metal. In the absence of lubrication, the slide runners will rapidly wear and in
severe cases, literally melt away, and the
drive track will be subject to damage or failure.
Also traction aids such as studs, cleats, etc.,
may cause further track damage or failure.
EWS00280
WARNING
Operating on ice or icy surfaces can be very
dangerous. Traction for turning, stopping, and
starting is much less than that on snow.
36
Drive track damage or failure could result
in loss of braking ability and snowmobile
control, which could cause an accident.
U8GL11E0.book Page 37 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
●
●
Always check the drive track for damage
or maladjustment before operating the
snowmobile.
Do not operate the snowmobile if you
find damage to the drive track.
ECS00350
NOTICE
Ride on fresh snow frequently. Operating
on ice or hard-packed snow will rapidly
wear the slide runners.
ESU11350
Maximizing drive track life
Recommendations
Track tension
During initial break-in, the new drive track will
tend to stretch quickly as the track settles. Be
sure to correct the track tension and alignment frequently. (See page 63 for adjustment
procedures.) A loose track can slip (ratchet),
derail or catch on suspension parts causing
severe damage. Do not overtighten the drive
track, otherwise it may increase the friction
between the track and the slide runners, resulting in the rapid wear of both components.
Also, this may put an excessive load on the
suspension components, resulting in component failure.
etc. If snow coverage is not sufficient, stay on
trails to avoid impact damage to the drive
track.
Studded track
In general, track life will be shortened when
studs are installed. Drilling stud holes into the
drive track will cut the internal fibers, which
weakens the track. Avoid spinning the drive
track. Studs may catch on an object and pull
out of the track, leaving tears and damage
around the already weakened area. To minimize possible damage, consult your stud
manufacturer for installation and stud pattern
recommendations.
Yamaha does not recommend track studding.
ESU11360
Strap (FX10MTR)
The strap should be used only by experienced
operators to assist them when traverse (sidehill) riding.
Marginal snow
The drive track and the slide runners are lubricated and cooled by snow and water. To prevent the drive track and slide runners from
overheating, avoid sustained high-speed usage in areas such as icy trails, frozen lakes
and rivers that have minimal snow coverage.
An overheated track will be weakened internally, which may cause failure or damage.
Off-trail riding
Avoid off-trail riding until there is sufficient
snow coverage. It generally takes several feet
of snow to provide a good overall base to
properly cover debris, such as rocks, logs,
1. Strap
EWS00290
WARNING
Improper use of the strap on the handlebar
can result in severe injury or death.
● Use the strap only as an operator grip
point when needed to shift weight uphill
to maintain balance during traverse
(side-hill) riding. Only experienced operators should traverse slopes steep
enough to require strap use.
37
U8GL11E0.book Page 38 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
●
●
●
●
back in. NOTICE: Do not shift from
“FWD” to “REV” or from “REV” to
“FWD” while the snowmobile is moving, as the drive train could be damaged. [ECS00811]
Keep the right hand on the right handlebar grip for steering, and grip the strap
with the left hand to shift weight uphill
for balance during traverse riding.
Ride cautiously while using the strap.
Do not accelerate or decelerate abruptly
while holding onto the strap.
Do not use the strap to lift the snowmobile.
Do not use the strap as a mounting point
for cargo or accessories.
ESU13220
Driving
EWS00300
WARNING
Be sure to read the “SAFETY INFORMATION” section on page 3 and the “Riding
your snowmobile” section on page 33
carefully before operating the snowmobile.
1. Pull out.
2. Slide to “FWD” (forward).
3. Push in.
TIP
Make sure that the engine is warmed up
enough before riding.
EWS00310
WARNING
●
●
●
●
Make sure that the throttle lever is fully
released and the snowmobile is at a full
stop before shifting.
Be sure to slide the shift lever to “FWD”
or “REV” until it stops completely and
only while the engine is idling.
Make sure that the area behind the
snowmobile is clear before reversing.
Watch behind.
Reduce speed and avoid sharp turning
when operating the snowmobile in reverse.
1.
38
To select the desired operating position,
pull the shift lever out, slide it to “FWD” or
to “REV” until it stops, and then push it
1. Pull out.
2. Slide to “REV” (reverse).
3. Push in.
TIP
The reverse buzzer beeps while the shift lever
is in reverse.
2.
Release the parking brake by moving the
parking brake lever to the right.
U8GL11E0.book Page 39 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Operation
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the throttle lever slowly to move the
snowmobile.
Turn the handlebar in the desired direction.
Squeeze the brake lever to stop the
snowmobile.
Apply the parking brake by moving the
parking brake lever to the left.
ESU11411
Stopping the engine
●
Turn the main switch to the off position to
stop the engine.
ESU11430
Transporting
When transporting your snowmobile on a trailer or in a truck, observe the following recommendations to help protect it from damage:
● If transporting the snowmobile in an open
trailer or truck, put a tight fitting cover on the
snowmobile. A cover specifically designed
for your snowmobile is best. This will help
keep foreign objects out of the cooling
vents, and also help protect the snowmobile against damage from debris on the
road.
● If transporting the snowmobile in an open
trailer or truck in areas where road salt is
used, coat metal suspension surfaces lightly with oil or another protectant. This will
help protect against corrosion. Be sure to
clean the snowmobile when you get to your
destination to remove any corrosive salts.
1. Off
●
Push down the engine stop switch to stop
the engine in an emergency.
39
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ESU11451
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lubrication will keep your snowmobile in the safest and
most efficient condition possible. Safety is an obligation of the vehicle owner/operator. The
most important points of vehicle inspection, adjustment, and lubrication are explained on the
following pages.
EWS00341
WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the snowmobile or performing maintenance activities incorrectly may increase your risk of injury or death during service or while using the snowmobile. If you are not familiar with snowmobile service, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service.
EWS00700
WARNING
Turn off the engine when performing maintenance unless otherwise specified.
● A running engine has moving parts that can catch on body parts or clothing, and electrical parts that can cause shocks or fires.
● Running the engine while servicing can lead to eye injury, burns, fire, or carbon monoxide poisoning–possibly leading to death. See page 3 for more information about
carbon monoxide.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control devices and systems may
be performed by any repair establishment or individual that is certified (if applicable).
Proper periodic maintenance of your snowmobile is important in order to enjoy long, pleasurable use. Especially important are the maintenance services related to emission control. These
controls not only function to ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to proper engine operation and
maximum performance. In the following periodic maintenance charts, the services related to
emission control are grouped separately. These services require specialized data, knowledge,
and equipment. Yamaha dealers are trained and equipped to perform these particular services.
ESU11461
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special
tools, data and technical skills.
ITEM
*
40
REMARKS
Spark plugs
• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
• Replace if necessary.
Valve clearance
• Check and adjust valve clearance when engine is cold.
INITIAL
EVERY
1 month
or 800 km
(500 mi)
(40 hr)
Seasonally
or
4000 km
(2500 mi)
(200 hr)
PAGE
45
Every 40000 km (25000
mi)
49
U8GL11E0.book Page 41 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
INITIAL
EVERY
1 month
or 800 km
(500 mi)
(40 hr)
Seasonally
or
4000 km
(2500 mi)
(200 hr)
ITEM
REMARKS
PAGE
*
Crankcase breather
system
• Check breather hose for cracks
or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
—
*
Fuel line
• Check fuel hose for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.
—
*
Fuel injection
• Check synchronization.
• Adjust if necessary.
—
*
Exhaust system
• Check for leakage.
• Tighten or replace gasket if
necessary.
—
41
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ESU11561
General maintenance and lubrication chart
ITEM
REMARKS
Engine oil
• Change (warm engine before
draining)
*
Engine oil filter cartridge
• Replace.
*
Cooling system
• Check coolant level.
• Air bleed the cooling system if
necessary.
• Check engagement and shift
speed.
• Adjust if necessary.
*
Primary and secondary clutches
*
Drive chain
*
Drive chain oil
*
Brake and parking
brake
INITIAL
EVERY
1 month
or 800 km
(500 mi)
(40 hr)
Seasonally
or
4000 km
(2500 mi)
(200 hr)
PAGE
49
Every
20000 km
(12000 mi)
49
54
—
Whenever operating elevation is changed.
—
• Inspect sheaves for wear and
damage.
• Inspect weights/rollers and
bushings for wear for primary.
• Inspect ramp shoes/bushings
for wear for secondary.
• Replace if necessary.
—
• Lubricate with specified
grease.
—
• Check chain slack.
• Adjust if necessary.
Initial at 500 km (300 mi)
and every 800 km (500
mi) thereafter.
58
• Check oil level.
58
• Change.
58
• Adjust free play and/or replace
pads if necessary.
59
• Change brake fluid.
See TIP following this
chart.
59
Control cables
• Make sure that operation is
smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
*
Disc brake installation
• Check for slight free play.
• Lubricate shaft with specified
grease as required.
*
Slide runners
• Check for wear and damage.
• Replace if necessary.
63
*
Skis and ski runners
• Check for wear and damage.
• Replace if necessary.
62
42
66
Every 1600 km (1000
mi)
—
U8GL11E0.book Page 43 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ITEM
REMARKS
INITIAL
EVERY
1 month
or 800 km
(500 mi)
(40 hr)
Seasonally
or
4000 km
(2500 mi)
(200 hr)
PAGE
*
Steering system
• Check toe-out.
• Adjust if necessary.
62
*
Steering bearings
• Check bearing assemblies for
looseness.
• Lubricate with specified
grease.
—
*
Skis and front
shock absorbers
• Lubricate with specified
grease.
66
*
Suspension component
• Lubricate with specified
grease.
66
Fittings and fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts
and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
68
Battery
• Check condition.
• Charge if necessary.
68
*
TIP
Brake system:
● After disassembling the master cylinder or caliper cylinder, always change the brake fluid.
Regularly check the brake fluid level and add fluid if necessary.
● Replace the oil seals of the master cylinder and caliper cylinder every two years.
● Replace the brake hose every four years, or if cracked or damaged.
43
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ESU13001
Tool kit
The service information included in this manual and the tools provided in the owner’s tool
kit are intended to assist you in the performance of preventive maintenance and minor
repairs. However, additional tools such as a
torque wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
Shroud
To remove the shroud
Loosen the fasteners, and then slide the
shroud forward.
1. Fastener
1
1. Tool kit
ECS00780
NOTICE
Before starting the engine, make sure that
the tool kit is securely fastened and that
the storage pouch zipper is completely
closed.
TIP
If you do not have a torque wrench available
during a service operation requiring one, take
your snowmobile to a Yamaha dealer to
check the torque settings and adjust them if
necessary.
ESU12782
Removing and installing the
shroud and covers
EWS00091
WARNING
Be sure shroud and covers are secured
before operation. A loose shroud or cover
could move and cause loss of control.
44
1. Shroud
To install the shroud
Hook the end of the shroud onto the front cover, insert the projections on the shroud into
the slots in the headlight unit stay, and then
tighten the fasteners.
U8GL11E0.book Page 45 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Left and right side covers
●
To remove a side cover
1. Remove the shroud. (See above for removal procedures.)
2. Loosen the fasteners, and then remove
the side cover as shown.
1
2
2
2
1. Left side cover
2. Fastener
To install a side cover
1. Insert the projection on the rear of the
side cover into the slot in the fuel tank
side cover and insert the projections on
the front of the side cover into the slots in
the lower cover.
1
When installing the shroud and covers,
be sure to tighten the fasteners securely.
ESU11782
Checking the spark plugs
The spark plug is an important engine component and is easy to inspect. The condition of
the spark plug can indicate the condition of
the engine.
Check the coloration on the white porcelain
insulator around the center electrode. The
ideal coloration at this point is a medium to a
light tan color for a snowmobile that is being
ridden normally. If a spark plug shows a distinctly different color, there could be something wrong with the engine. For example, a
very white center electrode porcelain color
could indicate an intake track air leak or carburetion problem for that cylinder. Do not attempt to diagnose such problems yourself.
Instead, take the snowmobile to a Yamaha
dealer for inspection and possible repairs.
You should periodically remove and inspect
the spark plug because heat and deposits will
cause a spark plug to slowly break down and
erode. Consult a Yamaha dealer before
changing to a different type of spark plug.
Specified spark plug:
Manufacturer:
NGK
Model:
CR9E
EWS00710
1. Left side cover
2.
3.
Tighten the fasteners.
Install the shroud.
ECS00371
NOTICE
●
Make sure that all cables, leads, etc., are
routed properly before installing the
shroud and covers.
WARNING
Be sure to use the specified spark plug
and spark plug cap. Otherwise, the
T.O.R.S. may not work properly.
Spark plugs are produced in several different
thread lengths. The thread length or reach is
the distance from the spark plug gasket seat
to the end of the threaded portion. If the reach
45
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
is too long, overheating and engine damage
may result. If the reach is too short, spark plug
fouling and poor performance may result. Also, if the reach is too short, carbon will form on
the exposed threads resulting in combustion
chamber hot spots and thread damage. Always use a spark plug with the specified
reach.
Spark plug reach:
19.0 mm (0.75 in)
ECS00382
NOTICE
Make sure that the spark plug caps are securely installed. Otherwise the spark plug
caps could be damaged due to engine vibration.
ESU12792
Adjusting the throttle cable free
play
1.
2.
Loosen the locknut.
To increase the throttle cable free play,
turn the adjusting bolt in direction (a). To
decrease the throttle cable free play, turn
the adjusting bolt in direction (b).
2
1
(b)
(a)
1. Spark plug gap
2. Spark plug reach
Before installing any spark plug, measure the
electrode gap with a wire thickness gauge
and adjust to specification.
1. Locknut
2. Throttle cable free play adjusting bolt
3. Throttle cable free play
Spark plug gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
When installing the spark plug, always clean
the gasket surface. Wipe off any grime from
the threads and tighten the spark plug to the
specified torque.
Spark plug tightening torque:
12.5 Nm (1.25 m·kgf, 9 ft·lbf)
Throttle cable free play:
3.0–4.0 mm (0.12–0.16 in)
3.
Tighten the locknut.
ESU11862
Checking the throttle override
system (T.O.R.S.)
Check the T.O.R.S. for proper operation.
EWS00352
WARNING
When checking the T.O.R.S., take precautions to avoid snowmobile movement
which could cause an accident:
46
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
●
●
●
Make sure that the throttle lever moves
smoothly with the engine off before
checking the T.O.R.S.
Make sure that the parking brake is applied.
Do not rev the engine to the point that
the clutch engages.
1.
Start the engine.
TIP
Refer to the “Starting the engine” section on
page 32.
2.
Hold the pivot point of the throttle lever
away from the throttle switch by putting
your thumb (above) and forefinger (below) between the throttle lever pivot and
the engine stop switch housing.
While holding the pivot point as described
above, press the throttle lever gradually.
1. Throttle lever pivot
2. Engine stop switch housing
3. Throttle lever
The T.O.R.S. will be activated and the
engine speed will be limited to less than
the clutch engagement speed. (See page
76 for the clutch engagement speed.)
WARNING! If the engine speed does
not decrease to less than the clutch
engagement speed, stop the engine
by turning the main switch to the off
position and consult a Yamaha dealer.
Operating the snowmobile with a malfunctioning T.O.R.S. could result in
loss of control. [EWS00362]
ESU12801
Checking the air filter
Always check that there is no snow under the
air filter element frame.
1. Remove the shroud, the left side cover,
and the right side cover. (See page 44 for
removal procedures.)
47
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
2.
Remove the headlight unit stay quick fasteners and disconnect the air temperature sensor coupler.
5.
Lift up the air filter element frame and
check the air filter element. If there is any
snow on the air filter element, remove the
element, brush off the snow, and then install the air filter element.
6.
Place the air filter element frame in the
original position, and then install the air
filter case cover.
Hook the fasteners onto the air filter case
cover.
Connect the air temperature sensor coupler and install the headlight unit stay
quick fasteners.
Install the right side cover, the left side
cover, and the shroud.
1. Quick fastener
2. Air temperature sensor coupler
3.
Unhook the air filter case cover fasteners.
1. Air filter case cover fastener
4.
Lift the headlight unit and headlight unit
stay, and then slide the air filter case cover toward the right side of the snowmobile
and remove it.
7.
8.
9.
TIP
After riding the snowmobile, make sure that
there is no snow under the air filter element
frame.
1. Air filter case cover
48
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ESU11931
ESU12813
High-altitude settings
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge
Operating at high altitude reduces the performance of a gasoline engine about 3% for every 305 m (1000 ft) of elevation. This is
because there is less air as altitude increases.
Less air means less oxygen available for
combustion.
Your snowmobile utilizes an electronic fuel injection system that delivers the optimal air/fuel ratio required by the engine. Therefore, the
fuel injection system does not need to be adjusted, even for operation at high altitude.
Remember:
Less air at higher altitude means there is less
horsepower available, even with the optimal
air/fuel ratio. Expect acceleration and top
speed to be reduced at higher altitudes.
To overcome operating with less power at
high altitudes, your snowmobile may also require different settings for the drive chain
gears and V-belt clutch to avoid poor performance and rapid wear. If you plan to operate
your snowmobile at an altitude different from
the area where you bought it, be sure to consult a Yamaha dealer. The dealer can tell you
if there are any changes necessary for the altitude where you plan to ride. NOTICE: The
drive chain gears and V-belt clutch should
be adjusted when operating above a high
altitude of 900 m (3000 ft). Consult a
Yamaha dealer. [ECS00431]
The engine oil level should be checked before
each use. In addition, the oil must be changed
and the oil filter cartridge replaced at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
EWS00370
WARNING
Engine oil is extremely hot immediately after the engine is turned off. Coming into
contact with or getting any engine oil on
your clothes could result in burns.
ECS00480
NOTICE
●
●
●
Do not run the engine with too much or
not enough oil in the oil tank. Oil could
spray out or the engine could be damaged.
Be sure to change the engine oil after
the first 800 km (500 mi) of operation,
and every 4000 km (2500 mi) thereafter
or at the start of a new season, otherwise the engine will wear quickly.
The oil filter cartridge should be replaced every 20000 km (12000 mi) of operation.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the snowmobile on a level surface
and apply the parking brake.
ESU11950
Valve clearance
The valve clearance changes with use, resulting in improper air-fuel mixture and/or engine
noise. To prevent this from occurring, the
valve clearance must be adjusted by a
Yamaha dealer at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance chart.
49
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
2.
Start the engine, warm it up for 10–15
minutes, and then turn it off.
TIP
The engine can also be warmed up by driving the snowmobile for 10–15 minutes.
After operating the snowmobile, allow the
engine to idle for at least 10 seconds before
turning it off.
●
●
3.
4.
Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
Disconnect the oil level gauge coupler.
NOTICE: Disconnect the oil level
gauge coupler before removing the oil
filler cap, otherwise the cable could
twist and break. [ECS00452]
1. Oil level gauge coupler
2. Oil filler cap
5.
1. Oil filler cap
2. Dipstick
TIP
The engine oil should be between the “H” and
“L” level marks on the dipstick.
1. “H” level mark
2. “L” level mark
6.
Remove the oil filler cap, wipe the dipstick
clean, insert it back into the oil filler hole
(without screwing it in), and then remove
it again to check the oil level.
7.
8.
9.
50
If the engine oil is below the “L” level
mark, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to raise it to the “H” level
mark. (See page 76 for the recommended oil.) NOTICE: When adding the engine oil, be careful not to fill above the
“H” level mark on the dipstick. Use
only the recommended oil. (See page
76.) Make sure that no foreign material
enters the engine oil tank. [ECS00462]
Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole,
and then tighten the oil filler cap.
Connect the oil level gauge coupler.
Install the right side cover and the shroud.
U8GL11E0.book Page 51 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
To change the engine oil (with or without oil filter cartridge replacement)
1. Place the snowmobile on a level surface
and apply the parking brake.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for several
minutes, and then turn it off.
3. Remove the shroud, the left side cover,
the right side cover, and the drive guard.
(See pages 17 and 44 for removal procedures.)
4. Remove the left lower cover, the right
lower cover, and the bottom panel.
1. Bottom panel
2. Quick fastener
5.
2
6.
Place an oil pan under the oil tank to collect the used oil.
Disconnect the oil level gauge coupler.
2
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
3
3
1
Left lower cover
Quick fastener
Bolt
Washer
1. Oil level gauge coupler
2. Oil filler cap
7.
2
1
2
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the oil filler cap, cylinder head
cap, and drain bolt to drain the oil from
the oil tank.
3
4
Right lower cover
Quick fastener
Bolt
Washer
1. Cylinder head cap
51
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
1. Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank)
8.
Place an oil pan under the engine to collect the used oil.
Remove the engine oil drain bolt to drain
the oil from the crankcase.
9.
1. Oil filter cartridge
TIP
An oil filter wrench is available at a Yamaha
dealer.
11. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the Oring of the new oil filter cartridge.
12. Install the new oil filter cartridge with an
oil filter wrench, and then tighten it to the
specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Oil filter cartridge:
17 Nm (1.7 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
1. Engine oil drain bolt (crankcase)
2. “
” mark
TIP
●
●
●
A “ ” mark is stamped on the crankcase
near the engine oil drain bolt.
Dispose of used oil according to local regulations.
Skip steps 10–12 if the oil filter cartridge is
not being replaced.
10. Remove the oil filter cartridge with an oil
filter wrench.
52
13. Install the engine oil drain bolts, and then
tighten them to the specified torques.
Tightening torques:
Engine oil drain bolt (crankcase):
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf)
Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank):
16 Nm (1.6 m·kgf, 11 ft·lbf)
14. Add 2.0 L (2.11 US qt, 1.76 Imp.qt) of the
recommended engine oil to the oil tank,
and then install and tighten the oil filler
cap and the cylinder head cap.
15. Start the engine, warm it up for several
minutes, and then turn it off.
16. Add sufficient oil of the recommended
type to raise it to the “H” level mark on the
dipstick. (See above for the checking procedure.) NOTICE: When adding the en-
U8GL11E0.book Page 53 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
gine oil, be careful not to fill above the
“H” level mark on the dipstick. Use
only the recommended oil. (See page
76.) Make sure that no foreign material
enters the engine oil tank. [ECS00462]
20. Install the right lower cover and the left
lower cover.
1
1. Right lower cover
Recommended engine oil:
See page 76.
Oil quantity:
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
3.2 L (3.38 US qt, 2.82 Imp.qt)
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
3.0 L (3.17 US qt, 2.64 Imp.qt)
Total amount:
3.9 L (4.12 US qt, 3.43 Imp.qt)
1
1. Right lower cover
17. Start the engine, and then let it idle for
several minutes while checking it for oil
leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn
the engine off and make sure that the engine oil drain bolt, oil tank drain bolt, cylinder head cap, and the oil filler cap are
installed correctly.
18. Turn the engine off, and then connect the
oil level gauge coupler. NOTICE: If oil is
leaking or the oil level warning indicator comes on when the engine is running, immediately turn the engine off
and have a Yamaha dealer check the
snowmobile. Continuing to operate
the engine under such conditions
could cause severe engine damage.
1
1. Left lower cover
[ECS00471]
19. Install the bottom panel.
53
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
1
1. Left lower cover
21. Install the drive guard, the right side cover, the left side cover, and the shroud.
ESU12825
Cooling system
The coolant level should be checked before
each ride. In addition, the cooling system
must be bled at the intervals specified in the
periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
EWS00390
WARNING
Do not remove the radiator cap when the
engine is hot. Scalding hot fluid and steam
may be blown out under pressure, which
could cause serious injury.
When the engine has cooled, place a thick
rag or towel over the radiator cap, and
slowly rotate the cap counterclockwise to
the detent. This procedure allows any residual pressure to escape. When the hissing sound has stopped, press down on the
cap while turning counterclockwise and
remove it.
1. Radiator cap
To check the coolant level
1. Place the snowmobile on a level surface
and apply the parking brake.
2. Check the coolant level in the coolant
reservoir when the engine is cold. If the
coolant level is below the “LOW” mark,
add coolant until it reaches the “FULL”
mark. (See the following section “Replenishing the coolant” for more details.)
NOTICE: Hard water or salt water is
harmful to the engine parts. You may
use boiled or distilled water, if soft water is not available. Tap water can be
used temporarily in an emergency.
[ECS00491]
1. “FULL” mark
2. “LOW” mark
54
U8GL11E0.book Page 55 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Bleeding the cooling system
The cooling system must be bled if the coolant reservoir becomes empty, if air can be
seen in the cooling system, or if there is a
cooling system leak. Consult a Yamaha dealer.
ECS00500
NOTICE
Operating the engine with an improperly
bled cooling system can cause overheating and severe engine damage.
1. “FULL” mark
Recommended antifreeze:
High-quality ethylene glycol antifreeze
containing corrosion inhibitors
Antifreeze and water mixing ratio:
3:2
Total amount:
FX10 3.40 L (3.59 US qt, 2.99 Imp.qt)
FX10MTR 4.70 L (4.97 US qt,
4.14 Imp.qt)
FX10RTR 3.40 L (3.59 US qt,
2.99 Imp.qt)
Replenishing the coolant
1.
2.
Remove the shroud. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
Remove the coolant reservoir cap and
add coolant until it reaches the “FULL”
mark.
3.
Start the engine and add coolant until the
coolant level stabilizes, and then stop the
engine.
Fill the coolant reservoir with coolant until
it reaches the “FULL” mark.
Install the coolant reservoir cap.
Check for any coolant leakage.
Install the shroud.
4.
1. Coolant reservoir cap
5.
6.
7.
TIP
If you find any leaks, consult a Yamaha dealer.
ESU12064
V-belt
EWS00401
WARNING
●
Coming in contact with the rotating Vbelt or clutch parts can cause severe injury or death. Never run the engine with
the drive guard removed.
55
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Make sure that the drive guard is tightened securely before operating the
snowmobile to protect against severe
injury or death from a broken V-belt or
other part should it come off the snowmobile while it is in operation.
●
ECS00830
NOTICE
Never run the engine with the V-belt removed. Clutch components can be damaged.
To replace and adjust the V-belt
EWS00411
WARNING
When installing a new V-belt, make sure
that it is positioned properly. Otherwise,
the V-belt clutch engagement speed will
be changed and the snowmobile may
move unexpectedly when the engine is
started, which could cause an accident.
The V-belt should be checked before each
ride.
To check the V-belt
1. Remove the shroud and the left side cover, and then remove the drive guard.
(See pages 17 and 44 for removal procedures.)
2. Check the V-belt for wear and damage.
Replace if necessary.
1. V-belt wear limit
New V-belt width:
34.1 mm (1.34 in)
V-belt wear limit width:
32.5 mm (1.28 in)
3.
56
Install the drive guard, and then install the
left side cover and the shroud.
1. Edge of the secondary sheave assembly
2. Spacer
3. V-belt position adjusting bolt
ECS00510
NOTICE
As the V-belt wears, adjustment may be
necessary. To ensure proper clutch performance, the V-belt position should be
adjusted by adding a spacer on each adjusting bolt when the V-belt position
reaches 1.5 mm (0.06 in) below the edge of
the secondary sheave assembly.
U8GL11E0.book Page 57 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Have a Yamaha dealer make this adjustment.
5.
TIP
Apply the parking brake before replacing the
V-belt.
1.
2.
Temporarily install the new V-belt on the
secondary sheave assembly only, and
then measure the V-belt position. Do not
force the V-belt between the sheaves; the
secondary sliding and fixed sheaves
must touch each other.
Remove the shroud and the left side cover, and then remove the drive guard.
(See pages 17 and 44 for removal procedures.)
Rotate the secondary sliding sheave
clockwise and push it so that it separates
from the secondary fixed sheave.
1. Secondary fixed sheave
2. Secondary sliding sheave
3.
Pull the V-belt up over the secondary
fixed sheave.
1. Edge of the secondary sheave assembly
2. V-belt position
Standard V-belt position:
From 1.5 mm (0.06 in) above the edge
of the secondary sheave assembly to
0.5 mm (0.02 in) below the edge
6.
If the V-belt position is incorrect, adjust it
by removing or adding a spacer on each
V-belt position adjusting bolt.
1. V-belt
4.
Remove the V-belt from the secondary
sheave assembly and primary sheave
assembly.
57
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
9.
Rotate the secondary sliding sheave
clockwise and push it so that it separates
from the secondary fixed sheave.
1. Secondary sliding sheave
2. Secondary fixed sheave
10. Install the V-belt between the secondary
sliding and fixed sheaves.
1. V-belt position adjusting bolt
2. Spacer
V-belt position
Adjustment
More than 1.5 mm
(0.06 in) above the
edge
Remove spacer
From 1.5 mm (0.06 in)
above the edge to 0.5
mm (0.02 in) below
the edge
Not necessary (It is
correct.)
More than 0.5 mm
(0.02 in) below the
edge
Add spacer
7.
1. V-belt
ESU12832
Tighten the V-belt position adjusting
bolts.
V-belt position adjusting bolt tightening
torque:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf)
8.
58
11. Install the drive guard, and then install the
left side cover and the shroud.
Install the V-belt over the primary sheave
assembly.
Drive chain housing
To check the drive chain housing oil level
1. Place the snowmobile on a level surface
and apply the parking brake.
2. Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
3. Remove the dipstick, wipe it off with a
clean rag, and then screw it back into the
filler hole.
U8GL11E0.book Page 59 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
1. Dipstick
4.
Remove the dipstick and check that the
oil level is within the range shown at the
bottom of the dipstick. If the oil does not
reach the bottom of the dipstick, add sufficient oil of the recommended type to
raise it to the correct level. NOTICE:
Make sure that no foreign material enters the drive chain housing. [ECS00531]
5. Install the dipstick.
6. Install the right side cover and the shroud.
To adjust the chain tension
1. Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
2. Loosen the locknut.
3. Turn the chain tension adjusting bolt
clockwise until it is finger tight, and then
loosen it 1/4 turn.
4. While holding the chain tension adjusting
bolt with a wrench, tighten the locknut to
the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Locknut:
25 Nm (2.5 m·kgf, 18 ft·lbf)
1. Locknut
2. Chain tension adjusting bolt
1
1. Oil level range
5.
Install the right side cover and the shroud.
ESU13230
Brake and parking brake
EWS00440
WARNING
●
●
Recommended drive chain oil:
SAE 75W or 80W API GL-3 Gear oil
A soft, spongy feeling in the brake lever
indicates a failure in the brake system.
Do not operate the snowmobile if you
find any problems in the brake system.
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident. Ask a Yamaha
dealer to inspect and repair the brake
system.
59
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ECS00060
1.
NOTICE
Make sure that the brake lever end does
not project out over the handlebar end.
This will help prevent brake lever damage
when the snowmobile is placed on its side
for service.
Test the brake at a low speed when starting
out to make sure that it is working properly. If
the brake does not provide proper braking
performance, inspect the brake for wear or
brake fluid leakage. (See the following section
for more details.)
2.
Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
Check the parking brake pads for wear by
measuring the thickness of the pads. If
the parking brake pads reach the wear
limit, ask a Yamaha dealer to replace
them.
Checking the brake pads
Check the brake pads for wear according to
the following procedure.
1. Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
2. Check the brake pads for wear.
If the brake pads reach the wear limit, ask
a Yamaha dealer to replace them.
1. Brake pad wear indicator
2. Brake pad wear limit
Brake pad wear limit:
4.7 mm (0.19 in)
3.
Install the right side cover and the shroud.
Checking the parking brake pads
Check the parking brake pads for wear according to the following procedure.
60
1. Parking brake pad wear limit
Parking brake pad wear limit:
1.2 mm (0.047 in)
3. Install the right side cover and the shroud.
To adjust the parking brake
As the parking brake pads wear, adjustment
may be necessary to ensure proper brake
performance.
1. Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
2. Loosen the parking brake pad locknut
and the parking brake pad adjusting bolt.
3. Loosen the parking brake cable locknut.
4. Turn the parking brake cable adjusting
bolt in or out to adjust the cable length.
U8GL11E0.book Page 61 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Checking the brake fluid level
EWS00460
WARNING
Be careful that water does not enter the
master cylinder when refilling. Water will
significantly lower the boiling point of the
fluid and may result in vapor lock.
If the brake fluid level goes down, consult
a Yamaha dealer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
ECS00550
Parking brake pad locknut
Parking brake pad adjusting bolt
Parking brake cable locknut
Parking brake cable adjusting bolt
Parking brake cable length
NOTICE
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Never spill any fluid.
If any is spilled, clean it up immediately.
Parking brake cable length:
43.5–46.5 mm (1.713–1.831 in)
5.
6.
Tighten the parking brake cable locknut.
Turn the parking brake pad adjusting bolt
in or out to adjust the clearance between
the parking brake pads and the brake
disc.
Place the snowmobile on a level surface.
Check that the brake fluid is above the lower
level and replenish when necessary.
4
3
1. Lower level
Specified brake fluid:
DOT 4
1.
2.
3.
4.
Parking brake pad
Brake disc
Parking brake pad adjusting bolt
Parking brake pad locknut
Parking brake pad to brake disc clearance (a) + (b):
1.5–2.0 mm (0.059–0.079 in)
7.
8.
Tighten the parking brake pad locknut.
Install the right side cover and the shroud.
Changing the brake fluid
EWS00471
WARNING
Make sure that the brake fluid and the following parts are replaced by a Yamaha
dealer.
Brake fluid replacement is necessary when
the following components are replaced during
the periodic maintenance or if they are damaged or leaking.
61
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
●
●
All oil seals of the master cylinder and caliper cylinder
The brake hose
ESU12142
Skis and ski runners
Check the skis and ski runners for wear and
damage. Replace if necessary.
1. Ski runner wear limit
To align the skis
1. Turn the handlebar so the skis face
straight ahead.
2. Check the following for ski alignment:
● Skis are facing forward.
● Ski toe-out (distance A – distance B) is
within specification.
1. Distance A
2. Distance B
Ski toe-out (distance A – distance B):
0.0–15.0 mm (0.00–0.59 in)
3.
If the alignment is not correct, consult a
Yamaha dealer.
ESU12151
Steering system
1. Ski wear limit
Ski runner wear limit:
6 mm (0.2 in)
Ski wear limit:
FX10 13 mm (0.5 in)
FX10MTR 24 mm (0.9 in)
FX10RTR 13 mm (0.5 in)
ECS00560
NOTICE
Avoid scratching the skis when loading
and unloading the snowmobile, when
riding in areas with little or no snow, or on
sharp edges such as concrete, curbs, etc.
This will wear or damage the skis.
62
Check the handlebar for excessive free play.
To check the handlebar
1. Push the handlebar up and down and
back and forth.
2. Turn the handlebar slightly to the right
and left.
U8GL11E0.book Page 63 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
If excessive free play is felt, consult a Yamaha
dealer.
Adjust or replace if necessary. (See the following section for more details.)
ESU12173
Drive track and slide runners
Drive track
EWS00480
WARNING
A broken track, track fittings or debris
thrown by the drive track could be dangerous to an operator or bystanders. Observe
the following precautions:
● Do not allow anyone to stand behind the
snowmobile when the engine is running.
● When the rear of the snowmobile is
raised to allow the drive track to spin, a
suitable stand must be used to support
the rear of the snowmobile. Never allow
anyone to hold the rear of the snowmobile off the ground to allow the drive
track to spin. Never allow anyone near a
rotating drive track.
● Inspect the drive track condition frequently. Replace damaged slide metal.
Replace the drive track if it is damaged
to the depth where fabric reinforcement
material is visible or support rods are
broken. Otherwise, track damage or failure could result in loss of braking ability
and snowmobile control, which could
cause an accident.
Checking the drive track
EWS00490
WARNING
Measuring the drive track deflection
1. Lay the snowmobile on its side.
2. Measure the drive track deflection with a
spring scale. Pull at the center of the drive
track with a force of 100 N (10 kgf, 22 lbf).
1. Spring scale
TIP
Measure the gap between the slide runner
and the edge of the track window. Measure
both sides.
Do not operate the snowmobile if you find
damage to the drive track, or if it has been
maladjusted. Drive track damage or failure
could result in loss of braking ability and
snowmobile control, which could cause
an accident.
Check the drive track for deflection, wear, and
damage.
63
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
1. Drive track deflection
Standard drive track deflection:
FX10 25.0–30.0 mm (0.98–1.18 in)
FX10MTR 30.0–35.0 mm (1.18–1.38
in)
FX10RTR 25.0–30.0 mm (0.98–1.18
in)
1. Slide runner
Drive track
alignment
Shifted to
right
Shifted to left
Left adjusting
nut
Turn out
Turn in
Right adjusting nut
Turn in
Turn out
3.
If the deflection is incorrect, adjust the
drive track.
Adjusting the drive track
1. Lift the rear of the snowmobile onto a suitable stand to raise the drive track off the
ground.
2. Loosen the rear axle nut.
1. Left adjusting nut
2. Right adjusting nut
1. Rear axle nut
3.
4.
64
Start the engine and rotate the drive track
one or two turns. Stop the engine.
Check the drive track alignment with the
slide runners. If the alignment is incorrect,
align the drive track by turning the left and
right adjusting nuts.
U8GL11E0.book Page 65 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Shifted to right
6.
7.
Recheck alignment and deflection. If necessary, repeat steps 3 to 5 until the proper adjustment is achieved.
Tighten the rear axle nut.
Rear axle nut tightening torque:
75 Nm (7.5 m·kgf, 54 ft·lbf)
Slide runners
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check the slide runners for wear and damage.
If the slide runners reach the wear limit, they
should be replaced.
Forward
Gap
Slide runner
Drive track
Slide metal
Shifted to left
1. Slide runner
2. Wear limit height
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
5.
Slide runner wear limit height:
10.5 mm (0.41 in)
Forward
Gap
Slide runner
Drive track
Slide metal
ECS00350
NOTICE
Adjust the drive track deflection to specification. NOTICE: The right and left adjusting nuts should be turned an equal
amount. [ECS00592]
Drive track
deflection
More than
specified
Less than
specified
Left adjusting
nut
Turn in
Turn out
Right adjusting nut
Turn in
Turn out
Ride on fresh snow frequently. Operating
on ice or hard-packed snow will rapidly
wear the slide runners.
ESU12180
High-profile pattern drive track
FX10MTR
This snowmobile is originally equipped with a
51-mm (2.0-in) high-profile pattern drive track
specifically for use in deep snow riding conditions.
65
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Therefore, avoid prolonged operation on hard
surfaces such as ice, hard-packed snow, dirt,
etc., to extend the life of the track and slide
runners.
1
1. Lubrication point
ECS00610
NOTICE
●
●
Only use in deep snow riding conditions.
Operation on areas with light snowfall,
ice, hard-packed snow, dirt, or grass will
result in rapid wear or damage to the
track and slide runners from lack of
snow which serves as a lubricant.
1. Throttle cable end
ESU12193
Lubrication
Lubricate the following points with the specified grease.
EWS00511
WARNING
Do not grease the throttle cable because it
could become frozen, which could cause
loss of control. Apply a dab of grease onto
the cable end only.
Lubricants:
Brake lever:
Silicone grease
Other lubrication points:
Low-temperature grease
66
1. Lubrication point
U8GL11E0.book Page 67 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
5.
Install the new bulb, and then hook the
bulb holder onto the headlight unit.
NOTICE: Keep oil and your hands
away from the glass part of the bulb or
its life and illumination will be affected. If the glass is oil stained, thoroughly clean it with a cloth moistened
with alcohol or lacquer thinner. [ECS00621]
1. Lubrication point
ESU12852
Replacing a headlight bulb
1.
2.
3.
Remove the shroud. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
Disconnect the headlight coupler.
Remove the bulb holder cover.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
Bulb type:
Halogen bulb
6.
7.
Install the bulb holder cover, and then
connect the headlight coupler.
Install the shroud.
ESU12861
Adjusting the headlight beams
1. Headlight coupler
2. Bulb holder cover
4.
Unhook the headlight bulb holder, and
then remove the burnt-out bulb.
1.
2.
Remove the shroud. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
Turn the headlight beam adjusting screw
in or out to adjust the headlight beams.
To lower the headlight beams, turn the
headlight beam adjusting screw in direction (a). To raise the headlight beams,
turn the headlight beam adjusting screw
in direction (b).
1. Bulb holder
67
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep
sparks, flame, cigarettes, etc. away. Ventilate when charging or using in an enclosed space. Always shield your eyes
when working near batteries.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
1. Headlight beam adjusting screw
3.
Install the shroud.
ESU12290
Fittings and fasteners
Check the tightness of the fittings and fasteners.
Tighten in proper sequence and torque if necessary.
ESU12303
Charge or have a Yamaha dealer charge the
battery as soon as possible if it seems to have
discharged. Keep in mind that the battery
tends to discharge more quickly if the snowmobile is equipped with electrical accessories.
EWS00610
WARNING
●
●
Battery
This model is equipped with a VRLA (Valve
Regulated Lead Acid) battery. There is no
need to check the electrolyte or to add distilled
water. However, the battery lead connections
need to be checked and, if necessary, tightened.
●
●
EWS00540
WARNING
Battery electrolyte is poisonous and dangerous. It contains sulfuric acid and can
cause severe burns. Avoid contact with
skin, eyes, or clothing.
ANTIDOTE:
● EXTERNAL: Flush with water.
● INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk. Follow with milk of magnesia, beaten egg, or vegetable oil. Call
physician immediately.
● EYES: Flush with water for 15 minutes
and get prompt medical attention.
●
ECS00842
NOTICE
●
●
68
Never smoke around the battery while it
is being charged. Sparks may ignite the
hydrogen gas created by the battery.
Disconnect the negative lead first, then
the positive lead from the battery.
Connect the positive lead first, then the
negative lead to the battery when installing the battery.
Never connect the battery to or disconnect it from the snowmobile while it is
being charged. Sparks may ignite the
hydrogen gas created by the battery.
Make sure that the battery terminals are
tight.
To charge a VRLA (Valve Regulated
Lead Acid) battery, a special (constantvoltage) battery charger is required. If
you do not have access to a constantvoltage battery charger, have a Yamaha
dealer charge your battery. Using a conventional battery charger will damage
the battery.
Do not charge the battery quickly.
U8GL11E0.book Page 69 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Periodic maintenance and adjustment
ESU12871
Replacing a fuse
EWS00550
WARNING
Be sure to use the specified fuse. A wrong
fuse could cause electrical system damage or A FIRE HAZARD.
ECS00631
NOTICE
Be sure to turn the main switch to the off
position and disconnect the negative battery lead to prevent accidental short-circuiting.
1.
2.
1. Main fuse
2. Spare fuse
3. Fuel injection system fuse
1 2
Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
Disconnect the negative battery lead.
3 4 5
6
1
1. Negative battery lead
3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
“IGN” (ignition) fuse
“FAN” (radiator fan) fuse
“SIG” (signal) fuse
“DC TERM” (auxiliary DC jack) fuse
“HEAD” (headlight) fuse
Spare fuse
Replace the blown fuse with one of the
proper amperage.
69
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
40.0 A
Fuel injection system fuse:
10.0 A
“HEAD” (headlight) fuse:
20.0 A
“SIG” (signal) fuse:
3.0 A
“DC TERM” (auxiliary DC jack) fuse:
3.0 A
“IGN” (ignition) fuse:
20.0 A
“FAN” (radiator fan motor) fuse:
10.0 A
Spare fuses:
20.0 A, 10.0 A, 3.0 A
4.
5.
Connect the negative battery lead.
Install the right side cover and the shroud.
TIP
If the fuse immediately blows again, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect the snowmobile.
70
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Troubleshooting
ESU12886
Engine turns over but does not start
1.
Fuel system
No fuel supplied to combustion chamber
• No fuel in tank:
Supply fuel.
↓
• Clogged fuel line:
Clean fuel line.
↓
• Clogged injector:
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
● Fuel supplied to combustion chamber
• Flooded engine:
Crank engine or wipe the spark plugs
dry.
Electrical system
● Poor spark or no spark
• Spark plugs are dirty with carbon or
are wet:
Remove carbon or wipe the spark
plugs dry. Replace if necessary.
↓
• Faulty ignition system:
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
↓
• T.O.R.S. malfunction:
Disconnect the throttle switch connectors and connect the wire harness connectors together to bypass
the T.O.R.S. WARNING! Before bypassing the T.O.R.S., make sure
that the throttle returns properly
to the fully closed position. The
T.O.R.S. is an important safety device; in the case of a malfunction,
take the snowmobile to a Yamaha
dealer immediately for repair.
●
2.
[EWS00561]
1
1. Throttle switch connector
3.
Compression
Insufficient
• Loose cylinder head nuts:
Tighten nuts properly.
↓
• Worn or damaged gasket:
Replace gasket.
↓
• Worn or damaged piston and cylinder:
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
●
Discharged battery
If the battery is discharged, the engine can be
started using a fully-charged 12-volt battery
and jumper cables.
EWS00580
WARNING
●
●
1.
2.
Connect the jumper cables only to the
battery terminals. Do not connect them
to the frame or any wire or other lead.
When connecting the jumper cables, do
not contact the jumper cables to each
other or to the frame or any metal part of
the snowmobile. This can cause electrical system damage or A FIRE HAZARD.
Apply the parking brake and turn the
main switch to the off position.
Remove the shroud and the right side
cover. (See page 44 for removal procedures.)
71
U8GL11E0.book Page 72 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Troubleshooting
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect the red (+) jumper cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged
battery.
Connect the other end of the red (+)
jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal
of the booster battery.
Connect the black (–) jumper cable to the
negative (–) terminal of the booster battery.
Connect the other end of the black (–)
jumper cable to the negative (–) terminal
of the discharged battery. NOTICE: Do
not reverse the connections! Make
sure that all connections are secure
and correct before attempting to start
the engine. Any wrong connection
could damage the electrical system.
Electric starter does not operate or
operates slowly
1.
2.
3.
4.
Engine stop switch is pushed in: Pull it
out.
Faulty wire connections: Check connections or ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Discharged battery: Charge battery or
see “Discharged battery” above.
Seized engine: Seizure is caused by poor
lubrication, inadequate fuel, or an air
leak. Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Engine power is low
1.
2.
3.
[ECS00671]
4.
Low coolant temperature indicator light is
flashing: Warm the engine up.
Faulty spark plugs: Clean or replace the
spark plugs.
Improper fuel flow: See “Fuel system”
above.
Incorrect V-belt clutch settings for altitude
or conditions: Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Engine constantly backfires or misfires
1.
2.
3.
7.
8.
Start the engine.
Disconnect the black (–) jumper cable
from the negative (–) terminal of the discharged battery.
9. Disconnect the black (–) jumper cable
from the negative (–) terminal of the battery used to jump start the engine.
10. Disconnect the red (+) jumper cable from
the positive (+) terminal of the battery
used to jump start the engine.
11. Disconnect the red (+) jumper cable from
the positive (+) terminal of the discharged
battery.
12. Install the right side cover and the shroud.
72
Faulty spark plugs: Replace the spark
plugs.
Clogged fuel system: See “Fuel system”
above.
Malfunctioning T.O.R.S.: See “Electrical
system” above.
Engine overheats
1.
2.
3.
Insufficient coolant: Add coolant.
Air in cooling system: Bleed the cooling
system or ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Leaking coolant: Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect.
Snowmobile does not move
1.
Malfunctioning V-belt clutch: Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
U8GL11E0.book Page 73 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Troubleshooting
2.
3.
Drive track does not move: Foreign object is caught in the drive track, or slide
runners have melted to the slide metal
due to lack of lubrication.
Tight, loose, or broken drive chain: Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
V-belt twists
1.
2.
3.
Improper V-belt: Replace with the correct
V-belt.
Incorrect V-belt clutch offset: Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Loose or broken engine mount(s): Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
V-belt slips or becomes extremely hot
1.
2.
Oily or dirty V-belt or primary and secondary sheave assembly surfaces: Clean.
Problem with the driveline: See “V-belt
twists” above.
Engine does not upshift or downshift
properly or engages harshly
1.
2.
3.
4.
Worn or damaged V-belt: Replace the Vbelt or ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Incorrect V-belt clutch settings for altitude
or conditions: Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Worn or sticking primary sheave assembly: Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Worn or sticking secondary sheave assembly: Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Noise or excessive vibration in drive
chain and sprockets
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Broken V-belt clutch components: Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Worn or damaged bearings: Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Worn or damaged V-belt with flat spots:
Replace.
Worn or damaged idler wheels or shafts:
Ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect.
Worn or damaged drive track: Ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect.
73
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Storage
ESU12433
Long-term storage requires some preventive
procedures to guard against deterioration.
marks. If the windshield is scratched,
use a quality plastic polishing compound after washing.
Cleaning
Lubrication
Thoroughly clean the snowmobile, inside and
out, to remove the corrosive salts and acids
that can accumulate. Use Yamaha Mud,
Grease, and Engine Cleaner, or an equivalent
product, to loosen mud, grease, and grime.
Wash with mild soap, then rinse and dry completely.
Lubricate moving parts, suspension linkage,
and pivot points. Use the grease or lubricant
specified in the MAINTENANCE section, or
Yamaha Lube-Zall general-purpose lubricant.
Proper lubrication fights corrosion while it reduces friction.
ECS00870
Add Yamaha Fuel Stabilizer and Conditioner,
or an equivalent stabilizer, to the fuel tank to
help prevent fuel oxidation and gum and varnish deposits, and to inhibit corrosion in the
fuel system and injectors. In areas where oxygenated fuel (gasohol) is used, consult a
Yamaha dealer.
NOTICE
●
●
●
●
Improper cleaning can damage plastic
parts such as shroud, covers, windshields, headlight lenses, meter lenses,
etc. Use only a soft, clean cloth or
sponge with mild detergent and water to
clean plastic.
Do not use any harsh chemical products
on plastic parts. Be sure to avoid using
cloths or sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive cleaning
products, solvent or thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake
fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
Do not use high-pressure washers or
steam-jet cleaners since they cause water seepage and deterioration in the following areas: seals (of the slide rail
suspension, front suspension and
brakes), electric components (couplers,
connectors, instruments, switches and
lights), breather hoses and vents.
For snowmobiles equipped with a windshield: Do not use strong cleaners or
hard sponges as they will cause dulling
or scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave scratches
on the windshield. Test the product on a
small hidden part of the windshield to
make sure that it does not leave any
74
Fuel system
Engine
Proper storage of the engine is essential to
prevent costly rust and corrosion damage to
internal engine components. This is more important in areas where oxygenated fuel (gasohol) is used, because the alcohol content in
the fuel increases the chance for water to enter the engine. Use Yamaha Stor-Rite Engine
Fogging Oil, or an equivalent fogging oil, to
protect both the combustion chamber and
crankshaft from corrosion. An alternate method is to remove the intake silencer and squirt
oil into the throttle bodies while the engine is
running. NOTICE: Do not simply start the
engine when in storage, starting the engine occasionally during the storage period can cause more harm than good.
Moisture and acids form during combustion which can actually increase the
chance for corrosion damage during the
storage period. [ECS00681]
U8GL11E0.book Page 75 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Storage
Surface protection
Apply a coat of wax to painted surfaces. Apply
suitable protectants to the exterior of the engine, drive track, and to other metal, plastic,
and rubber parts.
Battery
For peak performance, it is recommended
that you have your snowmobile checked and
tuned by a Yamaha dealer. The dealer has
the experience and training to help you get
the maximum performance and use out of
your Yamaha snowmobile.
Remove the battery from the snowmobile.
Store it in a cool, dry place that is above 0 °C
(32 °F), but less than 30 °C (90 °F). Check the
condition of the battery once a month, and
charge it as necessary. NOTICE: Always
keep the battery charged. Storing a discharged battery can cause permanent battery damage. [ECS00691]
Drive track
Loosen the drive track and block up the chassis so that the track is suspended above the
ground.
V-belt
Remove the V-belt and store separately.
Storage
Store the snowmobile in a dry, well-ventilated
place out of direct sunlight. Put a fabric cover
over the snowmobile, preferably one that is
designed for it. Do not use a plastic or vinyl
cover—condensation could be trapped underneath which could increase the chances of
rusting.
Returning to service after storage
When returning your snowmobile to service,
install the V-belt and battery and adjust the
drive track.
Remove the spark plugs and clean or replace
them if necessary. Perform all other pre-operation and seasonal maintenance checks listed in the periodic maintenance chart.
TIP
Before installing the battery, have a Yamaha
dealer inspect and fully charge it.
75
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Specifications
ESU12466
Dimensions:
Overall length:
FX10 2805 mm (110.4 in)
FX10MTR 3240 mm (127.6 in)
FX10RTR 2805 mm (110.4 in)
Overall width:
FX10 1180 mm (46.5 in)
FX10MTR 1160 mm (45.7 in)
FX10RTR 1180 mm (46.5 in)
Overall height:
FX10 1160 mm (45.7 in)
FX10MTR 1195 mm (47.0 in)
FX10RTR 1140 mm (44.9 in)
Dry weight:
FX10 237.0 kg (522 lb)
FX10MTR 251.0 kg (553 lb)
FX10RTR 236.0 kg (520 lb)
Ski stance:
FX10 1050 mm (41.3 in)
FX10MTR 980 mm (38.6 in)
FX10RTR 1050 mm (41.3 in)
Engine:
Type:
Liquid cooled 4-stroke, 12 valves
Cylinder arrangement:
Backward-inclined parallel 3-cylinder
Displacement:
1049.0 cm³
Bore × stroke:
82.0 × 66.2 mm (3.23 × 2.61 in)
Idling speed:
1450–1550 r/min
Engine oil:
Recommended grade:
API service SG type or higher, JASO
standard MA
Type:
YAMALUBE 4 0W-30, SAE 0W-30
Fuel injection:
Model × quantity:
41EIDW × 2
Manufacturer:
MIKUNI
Fuel:
Type:
REGULAR UNLEADED GASOLINE
ONLY
76
Minimum pump octane (R+M)/2:
86
Starting system:
Electric starter
Chassis:
Drive track:
Material:
Molded rubber, fiberglass-rod reinforced
Type:
Internal drive type
Width:
381 mm (15.0 in)
Deflection:
FX10 25.0–30.0 mm (0.98–1.18 in)
FX10MTR 30.0–35.0 mm (1.18–1.38 in)
FX10RTR 25.0–30.0 mm (0.98–1.18 in)
Length on ground:
FX10 810 mm (31.9 in)
FX10MTR 1092 mm (43.0 in)
FX10RTR 810 mm (31.9 in)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Slide rail suspension
Track sprocket wheel:
Material:
Polyethylene
Number of teeth:
FX10 9
FX10MTR 7
FX10RTR 9
Transmission:
Clutch type:
Automatic centrifugal engagement
Overall reduction ratio:
FX10 7.06–1.86 :1
FX10MTR 7.60–2.00 :1
FX10RTR 7.06–1.86 :1
Sheave distance:
267.0–270.0 mm (10.51–10.63 in)
Sheave offset:
13.5–16.5 mm (0.53–0.65 in)
Engagement speed (Subject to change
according to elevation settings.):
FX10 3550–3950 r/min
FX10MTR 3300–3700 r/min
FX10RTR 3550–3950 r/min
Shift speed [Subject to change according to
elevation settings. Usually achieved after
approximately 800 m (0.5 mi) traveled.]:
8500–9000 r/min
U8GL11E0.book Page 77 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Specifications
Drive chain type:
Silent chain enclosed in oil bath
Drive chain housing oil:
Type:
SAE 75W or 80W API GL-3 Gear oil
Capacity:
0.20 L (0.21 US qt, 0.18 Imp.qt)
Reverse system:
Yes
Primary reduction ratio:
3.80–1.00 :1
Secondary reduction ratio:
FX10 39/21 (1.86)
FX10MTR 40/20 (2.00)
FX10RTR 39/21 (1.86)
Secondary reduction ratio [R]:
FX10 2.38
FX10MTR 2.50
FX10RTR 2.38
Fuel tank capacity:
28.0 L (7.40 US gal, 6.16 Imp.gal)
Engine oil quantity:
With oil filter cartridge replacement:
3.2 L (3.38 US qt, 2.82 Imp.qt)
Without oil filter cartridge replacement:
3.0 L (3.17 US qt, 2.64 Imp.qt)
Total amount:
3.9 L (4.12 US qt, 3.43 Imp.qt)
Brake:
Type:
Hydraulic disc type (ventilated disc)
Operation:
Handle lever, left-hand operated
Throttle:
Operation:
Handle lever, right-hand operated
Ten-hour rate amperage:
1.8 A
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight:
12 V, 60/55 W × 2
Headlight bulb type:
Halogen bulb
Tail/brake light:
LED
Meter lighting:
LED
High beam indicator light:
LED
Warning light:
LED
Low coolant temperature indicator light:
LED
Electrical system:
Ignition system:
T.C.I.
Spark plug:
Manufacturer:
NGK
Model:
CR9E
Gap:
0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
Battery:
Model:
YTX20L-BS
Voltage, capacity:
12 V, 18.0 Ah
77
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Consumer information
ESU12480
Identification number records
Record the frame serial number, engine serial
number (Primary ID), and key identification
number in the spaces provided for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer.
Also, record and keep the ID numbers in a
separate place in case the snowmobile is stolen.
Frame serial number
1. Engine serial number
The frame serial number is the seventeendigit number stamped on the frame of the
snowmobile.
Key identification number
The key identification number is stamped in
the location as shown.
1. Frame serial number
1. Key identification number
Engine serial number (Primary ID)
The engine serial number is stamped in the
location as shown.
78
U8GL11E0.book Page 79 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Consumer information
ESU12500
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. SNOWMOBILE LIMITED WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. hereby warrants that
new Yamaha snowmobiles purchased from an authorized Yamaha snowmobile dealer in the continental United
States will be free from defects in material and workmanship for the period of time stated herein, subject to certain
stated limitations.
WARRANTY PERIOD:
1. All Yamaha snowmobiles shall be warranted for a
term of one (1) year from the date of purchase, plus
a special early-season extension (if applicable).
2. All Yamaha snowmobile clutch components are warranted against abnormal wear for one (1) year from
the date of purchase, plus a special early-season
extension (if applicable).
DURING THE PERIOD OF WARRANTY any authorized Yamaha snowmobile dealer will, free of charge,
repair or replace, at Yamaha’s option, any part adjudged
defective by Yamaha due to faulty workmanship or
material from the factory. Parts used in warranty repairs
will be warranted for the balance of the snowmobile’s
warranty period. All parts replaced under warranty become the property of Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
GENERAL EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include any failures to the machine caused by:
1. Competition, racing, or non-Yamaha authorized rental
use.
2. Operation on surfaces other than snow or ice.
3. Installation of parts or accessories that are not qualitatively equivalent to genuine Yamaha parts.
4. Abnormal strain, neglect, or abuse.
5. Lack of proper maintenance.
6. Accident or collision damage.
7. Modification to original parts.
2. Give notice to an authorized Yamaha snowmobile
dealer of any and all apparent defects within ten (10)
days after discovery, and make the machine available at that time for inspection and repairs at such
dealer’s place of business. You may locate your
nearest authorized Yamaha dealer through your
local telephone directory.
WARRANTY TRANSFER: To transfer any remaining warranty from the original purchaser to any subsequent purchaser, it is imperative that the machine be
inspected and registered for warranty by an authorized
Yamaha snowmobile dealer. In order for this warranty
to remain in effect, this inspection and registration must
take place within ten (10) days after ownership transfer.
An inspection and registration fee will be charged for this
service.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY
Yamaha Motor Corporation, USA also warrants to the
ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser of
each 2006 and later model Yamaha snowmobile covered by this warranty that the vehicle is designed, built,
and equipped so as to conform at the time of sale with
all U.S. emissions standards applicable at the time of
manufacture and that it is free from defects in materials
and workmanship which would cause it not to meet
these standards within the period listed immediately
below. Failures other than those resulting from defects
in material or workmanship which arise solely as a
result of owner abuse and/or lack of proper maintenance are not covered by this warranty.
All Models
Thirty (30) months from the original purchase date
SPECIFIC EXCLUSIONS from this warranty shall
include parts replaced due to normal wear or routine
maintenance including oil, spark plugs, clutch drive belts,
slide runners, and track.
THE CUSTOMER’S RESPONSIBILITY under this
warranty shall be to:
1. Operate and maintain the snowmobile as specified in
the appropriate Owner’s Manual.
79
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Consumer information
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH
EXCEED THE OBLIGATIONS AND TIME LIMITS STATED IN THIS WARRANTY ARE HEREBY
DISCLAIMED BY YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. AND EXCLUDED FROM THIS
WARRANTY.
SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS
ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY
LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY
NOT APPLY TO YOU. ALSO EXCLUDED FROM
THIS WARRANTY ARE ANY INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING
LOSS OF USE. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE EXCLUSION MAY NOT
APPLY TO YOU.
THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE
OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE
TO STATE.
SPECIAL EARLY-SEASON WARRANTY EXTENSION
A special warranty extension is available for all new
Yamaha snowmobiles purchased between June 1 and
December 1.
All new Yamaha snowmobiles purchased between June
1 and December 1 will have the warranty extended to
November 30 of the following year.
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
Post Office Box 6555
Cypress, California 90630
80
WARRANTY QUESTIONS AND
ANSWERS
Q. What costs are my responsibility during the warranty
period?
A. The customer’s responsibility includes all costs of
normal maintenance services, non-warranty repairs,
accident and collision damages, as well as oil, spark
plugs, clutch drive belts, and slide runners.
Q. What are some examples of “abnormal” strain, neglect, or abuse?
A. These terms are general and overlap each other in
areas. Specific examples include: Running the machine out of oil, hitting an object submerged under
snow, operation on surfaces other than snow or ice,
operating the machine with a broken or damaged
part which causes another part to fail, and so on. If
you have any specific questions on operation or
maintenance, please contact your dealer for advice.
Q. May I perform any or all of the recommended maintenance shown in the Owner’s Manual instead of
having the dealer do them?
A. Yes, if you are a qualified snowmobile mechanic and
follow the procedures specified in the Owner’s and
Service Manual. We do recommend, however, that
items requiring special tools or equipment be done by
a Yamaha snowmobile dealer.
Q. Under what conditions is the clutch not covered by
warranty?
A. Clutches as well as clutch components wear with
use. Normal wear is not covered under warranty such
service is the customer’s responsibility. Abnormal
wear is, however, covered for one (1) year from the
date of purchase. Your Yamaha snowmobile dealer
possesses criteria as to what constitutes abnormal
wear.
Q. Will the warranty be void or canceled if I do not
operate or maintain my new Yamaha exactly as
specified in the Owner’s Manual?
A. No. The warranty on a new Yamaha cannot be
“voided” or “canceled.” However, if a particular failure
is caused by operation or maintenance other than as
shown in the Owner’s Manual, that failure may not be
covered under warranty.
U8GL11E0.book Page 81 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Consumer information
Q. What responsibility does my dealer have under this
warranty?
A. Each Yamaha snowmobile dealer is expected to:
1. Completely set up every new machine before sale.
2. Explain the operation, maintenance, and warranty
requirements to your satisfaction at the time of sale,
and upon your request at any later date.
3. In addition, each Yamaha snowmobile dealer is held
responsible for his setup, service and warranty repair
work.
Q. Whom should I contact if I have further questions
about this warranty?
A. Your Yamaha snowmobile dealer has the information and experience necessary to answer almost any
questions about this warranty. If the dealer is not able
to do so, he is expected to contact Yamaha Motor
Corporation, U.S.A., for clarification or assistance.
CUSTOMER SERVICE
If your machine requires warranty service, you must take
it to any authorized Yamaha snowmobile dealer within
the continental United States. Be sure to bring your
warranty identification card or other valid proof of the
original date of purchase. If a question or problem arises
regarding warranty, first contact the owner of the dealership. Since all warranty matters are handled at the dealer
level, this person is in the best position to help you. If you
are still not satisfied and require additional assistance,
please write:
When contacting Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A. be sure to include the model,
serial number, names, dates, and receipts.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS
The federal government requires each manufacturer of a
motor vehicle to maintain a complete, up-to-date list of all
first purchasers against the possibility of a safety-related
defect and recall. This list is compiled from the purchase
registrations sent to Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
by the selling dealer at the time of your purchase.
If you should move after you have purchased your new
snowmobile, please advise us of your new address by
sending a postcard listing your snowmobile model name,
engine serial number, dealer number (or dealer’s name)
as it is shown on your warranty registration identification,
your name and new mailing address. Mail to:
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
WARRANTY DEPARTMENT
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, California 90630
This will ensure that Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
has an up-to-date registration record in accordance with
federal law.
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A.
CUSTOMER RELATIONS
DEPARTMENT
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, California 90630
81
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Consumer information
ESU12510
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
82
U8GL11E0.book Page 1 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Index
A
Air filter, checking..................................... 47
Auxiliary DC jack (FX10MTR) .................. 15
B
Battery...................................................... 68
Brake and parking brake .......................... 59
Brake lever ............................................... 15
Break-in.................................................... 33
C
Center shock absorber and rear torsion
springs, adjusting spring preload .......... 24
Control rods, adjusting (FX10MTR) ......... 28
Coolant temperature warning indicator .... 13
Cooling system......................................... 54
D
Drive chain housing.................................. 58
Drive guard............................................... 17
Drive track and slide runners ................... 63
Drive track, high-profile pattern ................ 65
Drive track life, maximizing ...................... 37
Driving ...................................................... 38
E
Engine oil and oil filter cartridge ............... 49
Engine overheating prevention system ...... 8
Engine stop switch ................................... 14
F
Fittings and fasteners............................... 68
Fuel .......................................................... 19
Fuel level warning indicator...................... 12
Fuel meter and grip/thumb warmer level
indicator ................................................ 11
Fuse, replacing......................................... 69
G
General maintenance and lubrication
chart...................................................... 42
Grip/thumb warmer adjustment switch..... 14
H
Headlight beam switch ............................. 14
Headlight beams, adjusting...................... 67
Headlight bulb, replacing.......................... 67
High beam indicator light.......................... 10
High-altitude settings................................ 49
I
Identification numbers .............................. 78
L
Location of the important labels ................. 1
Low coolant temperature indicator light ... 11
Lubrication................................................ 66
M
Main switch ................................................ 8
O
Oil level warning indicator ........................ 12
P
Parking brake lever .................................. 16
Part locations ............................................. 5
Periodic maintenance chart for the
emission control system ....................... 40
Pre-operation check list............................ 30
R
Riding your snowmobile ........................... 33
S
Safety information ...................................... 3
Self-diagnosis device ............................... 13
Shift lever ................................................. 16
Shock absorbers, center and rear,
adjusting damping forces ...................... 26
Shock absorbers, front, adjusting air
pressure (FX10RTR) ............................ 22
Shock absorbers, front, adjusting
damping forces (FX10) ......................... 24
Shock absorbers, front, adjusting spring
preload (FX10 / FX10MTR) .................. 21
Shroud and covers ................................... 17
Shroud and covers, removing and
installing................................................ 44
Skis and ski runners ................................. 62
Spark plugs, checking .............................. 45
Specifications ........................................... 76
Speedometer unit ....................................... 9
Starting the engine ................................... 32
Steering system ....................................... 62
Stopping the engine ................................. 39
Storage..................................................... 74
Storage pouch.......................................... 18
Strap (FX10MTR) ..................................... 37
Suspension .............................................. 20
T
Throttle cable free play, adjusting ............ 46
Throttle lever .............................................. 8
Throttle override system (T.O.R.S.) ........... 8
Throttle override system (T.O.R.S.),
checking................................................ 46
U8GL11E0.book Page 2 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
Index
Tool kit...................................................... 44
Transporting ............................................. 39
Troubleshooting ....................................... 71
V
Valve clearance........................................ 49
V-belt........................................................ 55
U8GL11E0.book Page 3 Friday, June 20, 2008 6:51 PM
ESU12520
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2008.05-1.7×2 CR
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER