Dodge 2009 Journey Automobile User Manual

Fishfinder 160C
®
color sonar
owner’s manual
© Copyright 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street,
Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate,
Romsey, SO51 9DL, UK
Tel. +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the UK)
0808 2380000 (UK only)
Fax 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County,
Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated,
downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants
permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one
copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must contain the complete text
of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly
prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content
without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and
supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products.
Garmin See-Thru®, and Ultrascrolltm are trademarks or registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express permission
of Garmin.
October 2006
Part Number 190-00532-00 Rev. C
Printed in Taiwan
INTRODUCTION > ABOUT THIS MANUAL
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for choosing the Garmin® Fishfinder 160C. The
Fishfinder 160C is a color sonar that offers many features, including
the following:
• Ultrascroll™, which gives you a much faster update rate on
your Sonar Pages.
• Auto Gain, which allows you to see more fish and structures.
• Whiteline, which helps you to interpret bottom hardness.
• 2x and 4x manual zoom.
• Adjustable keel offset.
• Alarms for shallow water, deep water, low battery, and
suspended target detection.
• NMEA sonar data output.
About This Manual
This manual covers the installation and operation of the Fishfinder
160C. To get the most out of your new Fishfinder, take time to read
this manual and learn the operating procedures for your unit in
detail.
The Introduction contains information about this manual and the
Table of Contents.
The Getting Started section contains general information about
your Fishfinder and sonar.
The Installation Instructions contain the information needed to
properly install and care for the Fishfinder 160C.
The Operating Instructions contain information about the
operation of the Fishfinder 160C.
The Appendix contains information such as specifications, license
requirements and warranty information.
The Index helps you find information quickly.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
i
INTRODUCTION > TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction...........................................................................i
About This Manual ................................................................... i
Product Registration .............................................................. iii
Contact Garmin..............................................................................iii
Caring for the Fishfinder 160C .............................................. iii
Caring for the Screen .....................................................................iii
Warnings ................................................................................. iv
Important Information ............................................................ iv
Getting Started.....................................................................1
Understanding the Fishfinder and Sonar.............................. 1
Understanding Sonar ...................................................................... 1
Understanding the Fishfinder Screen .............................................. 1
Using Dual Beam............................................................................ 2
Whiteline ........................................................................................ 3
Thermoclines .................................................................................. 3
Installing the Fishfinder 160C ............................................4
Packing List ............................................................................. 4
Unit Installation ....................................................................... 5
Transducer Installation ........................................................... 6
Selecting a Transom Mount Location ............................................. 7
Mounting the Transducer on a Transom ......................................... 8
Mounting the Transducer on a Trolling Motor ............................... 9
Testing the Transom Mount Installation ....................................... 10
Installing the Wiring Harness ............................................... 10
ii
Using the Fishfinder 160C ................................................12
Simulator Mode ..................................................................... 12
The Keypad ............................................................................ 12
The Fishfinder 160C Display ................................................ 13
The Adjustment Bar .............................................................. 14
Range ............................................................................................ 14
Gain .............................................................................................. 14
Scroll ............................................................................................. 14
Zoom ............................................................................................. 15
View .............................................................................................. 15
The Setup Menu..................................................................... 15
Alarms .......................................................................................... 15
Graph ............................................................................................ 16
Numbers........................................................................................ 18
Units.............................................................................................. 20
System .......................................................................................... 20
Appendix ............................................................................22
Specifications ........................................................................ 22
Physical Specifications ................................................................. 22
Power ............................................................................................ 22
Sonar ............................................................................................. 22
Limited Warranty ................................................................... 23
Software License Agreement ............................................... 24
Declaration of Conformity (DoC) ......................................... 24
Index ...................................................................................25
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
INTRODUCTION > PRODUCT REGISTRATION AND CARING FOR THE FISHFINDER 160C
Product Registration
Caring for the Fishfinder 160C
Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located on
the back of the Fishfinder 160C) in case your Fishfinder 160C needs
service. Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.
Caring for the Screen
Help us better support you by completing our online registration
today! Connect to our Web site at www.garmin.com/registration/.
Serial Number: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ __
Contact Garmin
Contact Garmin if you have any questions while using your
Fishfinder 160C. In the USA contact Garmin Product Support by
phone: (913) 397-8200 or (800) 800-1020, Monday–Friday, 8 AM–5
PM Central Time; or go to www.garmin.com/support/, and click
Product Support.
The Fishfinder 160C's case is constructed of high-quality materials
and does not require user maintenance except cleaning.
The Fishfinder 160C's lens is coated with a special anti-reflective coating that
is sensitive to skin oils, waxes and abbrasive cleaners. Cleaners containing
amonia, alcohol, abrasives, or anti-grease detergents will harm the antireflective coating. It is important to clean the lens using an eyeglass lens
cleaner (that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings) and a clean, lintfree cloth.
Cleaning the Case
Clean the unit’s outer casing (except for the screen) using a cloth dampened
with a mild detergent solution, and then wipe dry. Avoid chemical cleaners and
solvents that may damage plastic components.
Water Immersion
In Europe, contact Garmin (Europe) Ltd. at
+44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the UK) or
0808 2380000 (within the UK).
The Fishfinder 160C is waterproof to IEC Standard 60529 IPX7. It can
withstand immersion in 1 meter of water for 30 minutes. Prolonged submersion
can cause damage to the unit. After submersion, be certain to wipe and air dry
the unit before reuse.
Tell Us What You Think
Storage
Tell us how you like this manual! Fill out the Product
Documentation Survey. Go to www.garmin.com/contactUs/, and
click Product Documentation Survey.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
Do not store the Fishfinder 160C where prolonged exposure to temperature
extremes may occur (such as in the trunk of a car) because permanent damage
may result.
iii
INTRODUCTION > WARNINGS AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Warnings
WARNING: This product, its packaging, and its components
contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer,
birth defects, or reproductive harm. This Notice is being provided
in accordance with California’s Proposition 65. If you have any
questions or would like additional information, please refer to our
Web site at http://www.garmin.com/prop65.
Important Information
The California Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 requires the recycling
of certain electronics. For more information on the applicability to this product,
see www.erecycle.org.
Hg - LAMP(S) INSIDE THIS PRODUCT MAY CONTAIN
MERCURY AND MUST BE RECYCLED OR DISPOSED OF
ACCORDING TO LOCAL, STATE, OR FEDERAL LAWS.
iv
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > UNDERSTANDING THE FISHFINDER AND SONAR
GETTING STARTED
Understanding the Fishfinder and Sonar
The Fishfinder 160C is a fully automatic, color sonar unit that allows
you to go out on the water and find fish without having to configure a
lot of settings. However, you can customize each setting as you prefer.
If you have used a Fishfinder before, you might already know how
to interpret the sonar information on the screen, so you can skip this
section. If you have not used a Fishfinder before, you might want to
learn a bit about sonar: what it is, how it works, and what you might
see on the Fishfinder 160C screen. This manual provides a general
understanding of those things that you need to know about sonar that
can help you interpret the screen and find the fish.
These sound waves reflect off of any object that they hit, and then
the waves travel back up to the transducer. These objects could
be fish, branches, the bottom, or any other object that has density
that is different from the water. The transducer receives the sound
wave information, and then sends the information to the Fishfinder.
The Fishfinder shows the information on the screen for you to see
and interpret. The type of transducer and settings that you choose
determine how the information appears on the screen.
Understanding the Fishfinder Screen
Experimentation and experience are the keys to successfully
interpreting your Fishfinder screen. We recommend that you take
your Fishfinder out on familiar water, and spend time learning to
interpret what you see on the Fishfinder 160C screen.
Understanding Sonar
Think of the Fishfinder screen as if you took a picture from the side
of an aquarium in your home. You can see how deep a fish is in
the water (how close it is to the top or bottom), but you cannot tell
where the fish is located horizontally in the water (whether it is near
the front or the back of the aquarium). Remember this when you are
trying to locate exactly where something is in the water.
The transducer sends sound waves down into the water in a cone
shape, similar to a flashlight beam (covering a smaller circular area
at the top and angling out to a larger circular area at the bottom).
The strongest sonar returns appear on your screen as the most
intense solid red. The weaker returns appear as less intense, less
solid colors,with dark blue to black being the weakest.
During installation, you connect your Fishfinder 160C to a
transducer. The transducer uses sound to determine information
about what is in the water beneath your boat. Then the transducer
sends the information to your Fishfinder to be shown on the screen
for you to view and interpret.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
1
GETTING STARTED > UNDERSTANDING THE FISHFINDER AND SONAR
The bottom of the water is always going to be the strongest signal,
and therefore the bottom is the continuous, intense red line running
across the bottom of the screen. The Fishfinder 160C includes the
latest technology in interpreting bottom signals; it can see through
fish, structures, and thermoclines (see page 3). Even so, large
schools of fish or dense structures close to the bottom can affect
water depth return readings.
Along the top of the screen, you might see a grouping of intense
colors. This area is surface clutter, which can be caused by waves or
any other sonar interference at the surface of the water. Too much
surface clutter can obscure your view of fish. You can turn down the
Gain setting to reduce this surface clutter.
Between the bottom and the surface clutter, you may see suspended
targets. By default, the targets appear as arches.
NOTE: Suspended target returns might not always appear
as perfect arches, due to the speed, fish orientation, or other
conditions.
You can turn on the Fish Symbols setting if you want to see
suspended targets indicated by fish shapes instead of arches.
2
Using Dual Beam
A dual beam transducer can transmit a narrow or a wide beam. The
water area covered by the transmitted sound waves is determined by
the transducer beam width and the water depth. The narrow beam
provides crisp detail of what is under your boat, and is very helpful
if you are fishing in deeper water where the beam covers more area
(for example, at a depth of 30 feet, the narrow beam covers the area
of about a 7-foot circle).
Narrow
Beam
Wide
Beam
The wide beam is more helpful in shallow water, because it gives
you a much wider view of objects in the water, including areas
beyond the sides of your boat. At a depth of 30 feet, the wide beam
covers the area of approximately a 20-foot circle.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > UNDERSTANDING THE FISHFINDER AND SONAR
Whiteline
The Fishfinder 160C can help you to determine if the bottom is hard
or soft. When the sonar sound waves are reflected back by the bottom,
a hard bottom returns a stronger signal than a soft bottom. A thin
whiteline indicates a softer bottom while a thick whiteline indicates
a harder bottom. Normally, a red line shows the point where water
meets the bottom. This line follows the bottom contour, along with
any significant objects lying on the bottom. The unit uses the whiteline
function to make the bottom layer information easier to distinguish.
Thermoclines
Garmin’s See-Thru technology allows the Fishfinder 160C to “see”
through thermoclines and helps locate fish where they live; and fish
love thermoclines!
A rough definition of a thermocline is a break in water where the
water temperature changes faster than the water above it.
With the Fishfinder 160C, active whiteline helps accentuate where
strong signals are located, which makes bottom type determination
easier. The example below shows the bottom return with and without
the whiteline activated.
Thermocline
Whiteline Hard Bottom
Soft Bottom
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
Whiteline Turned Off
3
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > PACKING LIST
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C
Read these instructions before attempting installation. Make sure
you completely understand these instructions before you begin.
When in doubt, seek professional assistance.
Be sure the wiring harness reaches the unit and transducer location
before beginning installation. The Garmin Fishfinder 160C hardware
allows for installation on either the transom or trolling motor. Check
the packing list below. If you are missing any items, contact your
Garmin dealer.
Packing List
A–Fishfinder 160C Sonar Unit (1)
B–Swivel Mount Bracket (1)
C–Swivel Base (1)
D–Mounting Knobs- Short, Long (1ea)
E–Mounting Knob Spacer (1)
F–Transducer With Power Cable (1)
G–Transducer Mount (1)
H–Trolling Motor Mount Gasket (1)
I–5 mm Flat Washers (2)
J–4 x 12 mm Screws (4)
4
K–10-32 Lock Nut (1)
L–5 x 30 mm Screws (2)
M–10-32 x 1.75 Screw (1)
N–1/4" Cable Clamps (2)
O–Plastic Spacer (1)
P–1/4" Rubber Washer (1)
Q–Cable Tie, 5.6" (4)
R–Cable Tie, 20" (1)
S–Power/Data Cable
(not shown)
H
ENTER
MENU
A
E
I
M
J
D
B
C
N
K
O
L
P
Q
G
F
R
(Cable not shown)
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > UNIT INSTALLATION
Unit Installation
Choose a location that provides optimal viewing and allows easy
access to the unit’s keypad. Select a mounting surface strong enough
to support the weight of the unit and protect it from excessive
vibration or shock. DO NOT mount the bracket in a location where
the unit is exposed to extreme temperature conditions. When
installing the mounting bracket, be sure to allow room for the
connection and routing of the power cable.
Mounting Holes
Tool List (not included)—drill, screwdriver (Phillips or standard),
three #8 pan-head machine bolts with matching nuts and washers,
and a 5/32" drill bit, OR three #8 pan head self-tapping screws, and
a 1/16" drill bit.
To mount the bracket assembly:
1. Using the swivel base as a template, mark the location of the
three mounting holes.
2. If securing the base with machine bolts, drill three 5/32" holes
at the locations you marked. If securing the base using selftapping screws, drill 1/16" starter holes at the locations you
marked. Generally, starter holes should be no deeper than
half the screw length.
3. Secure the swivel base with three bolts or screws. DO NOT
OVERTIGHTEN.
4. Attach the swivel bracket and secure it with the short knob.
Swivel Base
Short Knob
Swivel Bracket and Base
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
5
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > TRANSDUCER INSTALLATION
To install the unit on the mounting bracket:
1. Align the slot on the back of the unit with the long mounting
knob and slide into place. It may be necessary to adjust the
long knob to spread the bracket arms apart. (Turn counterclockwise to widen the bracket arms, clockwise to tighten.)
2. Adjust the unit angle and tighten the long mounting knob until
snug.
3. Tilt the unit by loosening the long knob on the right side of the
bracket assembly.
4. Rotate the entire bracket by twisting it left or right. (NOTE:
You will hear clicks as you turn the bracket.)
5. Tighten all knobs when the viewing angle you want is
obtained.
6
Transducer Installation
Once you’ve installed the Fishfinder 160C unit, you must install the
transducer for it to function. The included transducer can be installed
on the transom (see page 7) or on the trolling motor (see page 9).
To assemble the transducer:
1. Insert the rubber washer and plastic spacer in the transducer
at the same time. DO NOT lubricate the rubber washer.
2. Route the cable toward the back and slide the transducer into
the mounting bracket.
3. Place a 5 mm flat washer on the 10-32 x 1.75" screw and
insert the screw through the mounting bracket, spacer, and
rubber washer.
4. Place the remaining 5 mm flat washer on the exposed end,
and install the 10-32 lock nut finger tight. The transducer is
tightened further after installation on the boat.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > TRANSDUCER INSTALLATION
Selecting a Transom Mount Location
For your sonar to operate properly, the transducer has to be located
in clean (non-turbulent) water. The transducer should be mounted as
near the center of the boat as possible.
DO NOT cut the transducer lead, this will void your warranty and
may degrade the sonar’s operation.
DO NOT mount the transducer behind strakes, rivet lines, struts,
fittings, water intake, discharge ports, eroding paint, or anything
that creates air bubbles or causes the water to become turbulent.
It is important that the transducer be as close to the center line as
possible in calm, non-turbulent water for optimal performance.
Avoid mounting the transducer in locations where the boat may be
supported during launching, hauling, trailering, or storage.
Mount the transducer away from the path of the prop on single drive
boats. On twin drive boats, mount the transducer between the drives
if possible. Do not mount the transducer directly in the path of the
prop. The transducer can cause cavitation that may degrade the
boat’s performance and damage the prop.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
Do not mount the transducer behind
strakes, rivet lines, struts, fittings, water
intakes or discharge ports.
Mount the transducer parallel
with the water line.
Make sure the transducer is below
water level when the boat is on plane
at high speed.
Apply marine sealant to all screw threads to
prevent water from seeping into the transom.
7
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > TRANSDUCER INSTALLATION
Mounting the Transducer on a Transom
Drill pilot holes here.
Tool List (not included)—drill, 3/8" wrench or socket, 5/32" and
1/8" drill bits, masking tape, #2 Phillips screwdriver, marine sealant.
Level
Vertical
To mount the transducer on a transom:
1. Position the transom mount at the selected location, making
sure the transducer is parallel with the water line. Mark the
center locations of each hole on the transom mount (see
figures to the right).
2. Using the 5/32" bit, drill the pilot holes approximately
1" (25 mm) deep at the marked locations. To avoid drilling the
holes too deep wrap a piece of tape around the bit 1" from
the point of the bit.
3. Apply marine sealant to the 5 x 30 mm screws. Attach the
transducer to the transom using the 5 x 30 mm screws. Adjust
the transducer to extend beyond the bottom of the transom
approximately 1/8" (3 mm) on fiberglass hulls or 3/8" (10
mm) on aluminum hulls. Adjust the transducer to be aligned
parallel with the water.
4. Tighten the 10-32 locking nut until it touches the mounting
bracket, and then tighten 1/4 turn more (do not overtighten).
Align with transom
bottom. Transducer
should extend 1/8" below
fiberglass hulls or 3/8"
below aluminum hulls.
Bottom of
Transom
Keep parallel with water line.
OK
NOTE: After you install the transducer on a transom, it is highly
recommended you test the installation (see page 10)
8
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > TRANSDUCER INSTALLATION
Mounting the Transducer on a Trolling Motor
To mount the transducer on a trolling motor:
1. Slide the large cable tie through the slot on the transducer
mount with the ridges of the band facing up until equal
lengths extend on both sides of the mount. (NOTE: For cold
water, or heavy timber or debris areas, a metal 4-5" worm
gear clamp is recommended.)
2. Position the mount gasket on the curved top of the transducer
mount.
3. Place the transducer assembly against the motor body of the
trolling motor, with the front of the transducer pointed away
from the trolling motor propeller.
4. Wrap the two ends of the cable tie around the motor body.
Place the pointed end of the cable tie through the fastener
hole on the opposite end and pull it through until it is snug but
not tight. (The cable tie clicks when you pull it.)
5. Position the transducer so that it is parallel with the bottom
when in use, and make sure the gasket is aligned properly.
Pull the cable tie end until tight. Trim off the excess, if
necessary. Tighten the 10-32 locking nut until it touches the
mounting bracket and then tighten 1/4 turn more. (Do not
overtighten.)
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
6. Route the 30' (9 m) transducer cable using the supplied cable
ties to secure the cable to the motor shaft. You can fill the
forward-facing portion (except the cable tie pocket) of the
transducer mount with sealant to avoid accumulating debris.
Cable tie
Mounting
gasket
9
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > WIRING HARNESS INSTALLATION
Testing the Transom Mount Installation
Perform this test after you install the Fishfinder. Because you need
water to carry the sonar signal, the Fishfinder does not function
properly with the transducer out of the water. When you place your
boat in the water, check for leaks around the screw holes that are
below the water line. DO NOT leave your boat in the water for an
extended period of time without checking for leaks.
To test the transom mount installation:
1. Begin testing the installation at a slow speed. If the sonar
appears to be working properly, gradually increase the boat’s
speed observing the sonar’s operation. If the sonar signal
suddenly is lost or the bottom return is severely degraded,
note the speed at which this occurs.
2. Return the boat to the speed at which the signal was lost.
Make moderate turns in both directions and see if the signal
improves.
3. If the signal strength improves while turning, adjust the
transducer so that it extends another 1/8" below the transom
of the boat. It might take several adjustments to eliminate the
degradation.
4. If the signal does not improve it may be necessary to move
the transducer to a different location.
Installing the Wiring Harness
The Fishfinder 160C comes with a wiring harness that connects
the unit to power and the transducer with one easy-to-remove
connection. If it is necessary to extend the power wires, use 22
AWG wire. DO NOT cut the transducer cable, because this will void
your warranty. Transducer extension cables are available from your
Garmin Dealer.
If your boat has an electrical system, it may be possible to wire the
unit directly to an unused holder on your current fuse block. If you
are using the boat’s fuse block, remove the in-line fuse supplied with
the unit. You can also wire the unit directly to the battery.
To install the wiring harness:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Install the Red (+) wire on the positive battery terminal.
Install the Black (-) wire on the negative battery terminal.
Install a 2 Amp fuse in the fuse holder (fuse block only).
Align the notches on the cable plug and back of the unit.
Insert the cable into the connector and turn the lock ring
counter-clockwise until it stops.
The Fishfinder 160C outputs NMEA data for: Water Depth, Water
Speed and Water Temperature.
To connect the NMEA output to a NMEA device:
Connect the Blue wire to the Data Input of the NMEA device.
10
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
INSTALLING THE FISHFINDER 160C > WIRING HARNESS INSTALLATION
To Transducer
(red) + 10-18 VDC
(black) - Ground (Power/Data)
To Unit
Power
10-18 volts
DC
(blue) Port 1 Data OUT
RXD +
GPS/NMEA
Device
TXD +
(yellow) Alarm Low
Alarm Relay
100ma max
coil current
Wiring Diagram
-
2A
+
Black Red +
Wiring to a Fuse Block
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
11
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE KEYPAD AND SIMULATOR MODE
USING THE FISHFINDER 160C
The Keypad
If you are turning on your Fishfinder 160C for the first time, use the
following procedure. If you have already turned on your Fishfinder,
and you are just familiarizing yourself with the basic functions,
please go to “Using the Keypad” on this page.
To start your Fishfinder for the first time:
1. Press and hold the Power/Backlight key until the Fishfinder
powers on. If the Fishfinder fails to turn on, verify that the
wiring adapter is properly connected in the back of the
Fishfinder, the Red and Black wires are connected to the
correct polarity, and that the 2-Amp fuse is installed and
not blown. If the Fishfinder does not detect a transducer, it
automatically enters Simulator mode.
Simulator Mode
You can use Simulator mode to practice and learn the operation
of the Fishfinder. If the Fishfinder does not detect a transducer, it
automatically starts in Simulator mode.
While in Simulator mode, the Fishfinder shows a bottom scene,
and you can control the Fishfinder (except the Gain and Auto Gain
options). If no keys are pressed for two minutes, the Fishfinder
automatically resets to default settings while in Simulator mode.
To exit Simulator mode, turn off the Fishfinder.
12
ENTER
MENU
The Arrow keys
The up and down Arrow keys are used to
select items on the Adjustment Bar and Setup
menu.
The left and right Arrow keys are used
to quickly cycle through Adjustment Bar
settings.
The ENTER key
The ENTER key opens items in the
Adjustment Bar and Setup Menu.
The MENU key
The MENU key opens and closes the
Adjustment Bar.
The POWER key
The POWER key turns the unit on or off
and activates the backlight. Press and hold
to turn the unit on or off. Press briefly and
release to activate the backlight. To change
the backlight level, press the POWER key
repeatedly to cycle between off, user level,
and high.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE FISHFINDER 160C DISPLAY
The Fishfinder 160C Display
Water Depth
The Depth Scale is shown from top to bottom along the right
side. Messages and Alarm Icons appear along the bottom.
Water Temperature
The unit can show the water temperature at the transducer.
Speed
With a speed capable transducer, speed is shown in miles per
hour, kilometers per hour, and knots.
Distance
With a speed capable transducer, distance is shown in miles,
nautical miles, or kilometers.
Battery Voltage
You can choose to show the current battery voltage (see page 18).
Fish (Suspended Targets)
Suspended targets appear as arches or fish symbols (see page 16),
and you can set an alert for when a target is detected
Thermocline and Structure
Garmin’s See-Thru® technology can show more than just the
thermocline and structure, the unit finds targets in and below
the thermocline, trees, brush, and deadfall.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
(Simulated display)
Bottom Shape and Type
Garmin’s Auto Gain system provides a clear
graphic representation of the bottom type and
its shape.
13
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE ADJUSTMENT BAR
The Adjustment Bar
Range
Press the MENU key to view the current Adjustment Bar settings.
Press MENU again to hide the window. The current adjustment
option always appears in the upper left of the display. Press left or
right on the Arrow keys to scroll through the available options.
Gain
The Adjustment Bar allows quick access to the settings most
commonly changed while using the unit. The Adjustment Bar
settings are: Range, Gain, Scroll, Zoom, and View.
To immediately change the current adjustment option, press the up
or down Arrow key. To review the available settings before making
a change, press the ENTER key to activate the adjustment window.
To change a setting on the unit:
1. Press MENU, use the up or down Arrow key.
2. Move the selection arrow to the option you want, and press
ENTER.
3. Choose Setup for the main Setup Menu.
Sets the display depth range. The unit can automatically
track the bottom, or be set to a user-specified range.
Available settings are: Auto (default) or 5-900 ft.
Controls the sensitivity of the unit’s sonar receiver. This
provides some flexibility in what is seen on the display.
To see more detail, increase the receiver sensitivity by
selecting a higher gain (+). If there is too much detail
or if the screen is cluttered, lowering the sensitivity (-)
may increase the clarity of the display. Available settings are: Auto
(default) and 0-100%. The Auto setting level is controlled by the
Auto Gain setting in the Setup menu.
Scroll
Adjusts the rate that the graph scrolls from right to left.
If you are sitting still or the graph is moving too fast,
slowing or pausing the graph can be beneficial.
14
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
Zoom
Selects a screen zoom scale. Available settings are: OFF
(default), 2X, and 4X zoom.
View
View is only available when a Zoom scale other than
Off is selected. This setting allows you to select a
specific zoom area to view on the screen, or allows
the unit to automatically select a zoomed viewing area
based on the bottom. When adjusting this setting, the
top and bottom numbers reflect the zoomed view depth
range.
The Setup Menu
The Setup menu contains the settings that should not need to be
changed frequently.
To display the Setup menu:
1. Press the MENU key.
2. Using the up or down Arrow key, select Setup, and press
the ENTER key.
To change a Setup menu item:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Using the up or down Arrow key, highlight the selection.
Press the ENTER key to activate the setting.
Using the up or down Arrow key, make the change.
Press the ENTER key to accept the change.
Alarms
Battery
Sounds an alarm when the battery has
discharged to a user-determined voltage. The
Battery Alarm can help determine when the
battery is reaching a critical state of discharge.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
15
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
Shallow
The Shallow Alarm sounds a warning at a
determined depth between 1 and 900 ft.
Deep
The Deep Alarm sounds a warning at a determined
depth between 1 and 900 ft.
Fish Alarm
Sounds an alarm when the unit detects what it
determines to be a fish. The alarm selections are:
Off (default) or On.
Graph
Fish ID
The Fish ID setting determines how the graph shows underwater
targets and background information. If Fish ID is set to Off, the
unit shows all of the available information about the underwater
environment. If a fish symbol is selected, the graph shows only the
information related to that symbol (large, medium, and small sizes).
In wide beam, targets detected toward the outside of the beam are
indicated by a hollow fish symbol. Targets detected directly under
the boat are indicated by a solid fish symbol.
(default) the Fishfinder does not interpret the sonar
return data. Fish appear as arches
Suspended targets appear as symbols. No background
information appears
Same as previous with the target depth shown.
Suspended targets appear as symbols. Background
information appears, making the distinction between fish
and structure easier.
Same as previous with target depth shown.
16
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
Beam
The Beam setting allows the selection of a Narrow Beam or Wide
Beam for the transducer. A narrow beam provides higher detail
structure returns of a smaller bottom area. The wide beam shows a
larger fish return area with poorer detail of non-bottom structure.
Whiteline
The Whiteline setting controls how the unit displays information
about the bottom type (hard or soft). With Whiteline off, the bottom
return displays as a solid color. With Whiteline on, the strongest
area of bottom return becomes white and can be used to determine
bottom hardness. A hard bottom returns a stronger signal and
displays a thicker bottom layer. A soft bottom returns a weaker
signal and displays a thinner bottom layer.
Hard Bottom
Soft Bottom
Whiteline On
Auto Gain
The Auto Gain setting controls the sensitivity of the receiver when in
the gain option is set to Auto. Auto Gain has three
settings; High, Medium, and Low. Increasing the
Auto Gain setting makes the Fishfinder 160C more
aggressive when adjusting gain automatically.
High auto gain may lead to excessive clutter on the
screen.
Whiteline Off
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
17
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
Background
Use this setting to change the Background
color. The available settings are: Black,
Blue, and White.
Size
Determines the size of the depth, battery,
temperature, speed, and distance numbers shown
on the screen, either Small or Large (default).
Numbers
Battery
Choose to either Hide (default) or Show the
current battery voltage.
Keel Offset
Use the Keel Offset setting to offset the surface
reading for the depth of a keel. This makes it
possible to measure depth from the bottom of your
keel instead of from the transducer’s location.
Enter a positive number to offset for a keel. You
can enter a negative number to compensate for a
large vessel that may draw several feet of water.
Transducer at Surface
Enter (+) positive
number to show depth
from the bottom of keel.
Transducer at Bottom
of Keel
Water Temp
Water Temperature automatically
appears when set to Auto (default),
or you can choose to Hide the Water
Temperature.
Speed
Speed automatically appears when set to Auto
(default), or you can choose to Hide the Speed.
Distance
Distance automatically appears when set to
Auto, or you can choose to Hide (default)
the Distance.
Enter (-) negative number to
show depth from the surface.
18
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
Calibrate Speed
This only appears if you are using a speed-capable transducer.
Calibration is required to ensure that the speed shown on your unit is
accurate. Use the boat’s speedometer, a stopwatch, or a GPS device
to determine your speed. If using a stopwatch, measure the distance
that the boat travels in a period of time (distance / time = speed). It
is recommended that the calibration take place in water having little
or no current.
To calibrate the speed:
1. Highlight Calibrate Speed, and press the ENTER key.
2. Bring the boat to cruising speed, note the top speed, and
then stop the boat.
3. With OK selected, press the ENTER key.
4. Using the up or down Arrow key, set the maximum speed,
and press the ENTER key.
NOTE: If the boat is not moving fast enough or the speed sensor
is not registering a speed, you will see Speed Too Low displayed
in the selection box. With OK highlighted, press ENTER and
check that the speed sensor wheel is moving or safely increase
boat speed. If there is a problem with the speed sensor/unit,
check the cable connections.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
19
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
Reset Distance
Reset Distance appears only if you are using
a speed-capable transducer. Reset Distance
resets the displayed Distance to zero.
Units
Depth
Choose to show measurements in Feet (ft, default),
Meters (m) or Fathoms (fa).
Temperature
Choose to show the water temperature in
Fahrenheit (°F, default) or Celsius (°C).
Speed
Choose to show Speed in Miles per
Hour (mph, default), Kilometers per
Hour (kph), or Knots (kt).
System
Simulator
The Fishfinder 160C comes with a built-in Simulator mode that
allows you to practice and learn the operation of the unit at home
rather than on the water. The unit indicates that it is running the
Simulator mode by showing
in the lower-left of the
screen. While in the simulator mode, the unit displays a simulated
bottom scene, and the Fishfinder 160C can be controlled (except
Gain) just as if it were on the water. To exit Simulator mode, turn the
unit off. If no keys are pressed for 1 minute, the unit automatically
resets while in Simulator mode. At startup if a transducer is not
detected, the unit automatically starts in Simulator mode.
Language
Choose to display information in one of four languages.
Distance
Choose to show Distance in Miles (mi,
default), Nautical Miles (nm), or Kilometers
(km).
20
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS > THE SETUP MENU
NMEA Output
Choose to turn the NMEA Output On or Off
(default). The Fishfinder 160C can output NMEA data for Water
Depth, Water Temperature, and Water Speed. The NMEA output is
NMEA 0183 version 3.01.
Beeper
Choose to turn the Beeper On or Off. When the Beeper
is On, a beep is sounded when a key is pressed, a
message is shown or an alarm activated. With the Beeper Off, all
Beeper functions are muted.
Light
Changes the level of screen backlighting. This setting
affects the middle level (user level) when cycling through
the Backlight setting. To cycle through the Backlight
settings, press and release the POWER key.
Defaults
This option restores the factory default settings for
the unit.
Contrast
Adjust to compensate for different light levels
or viewing angles. Moving the slider up darkens
the contrast. Moving the slider down lightens the
contrast.
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
21
APPENDIX > SPECIFICATIONS
APPENDIX
Sonar
Power: Dual Beam: 150 watts (RMS); 1200 watts (peak to peak)
Specifications
Frequency: 200 kHz/80kHz
Physical Specifications
Depth: 900 foot max depth (Depth capacity is dependent on water
salinity, bottom type, and other water conditions.)
Size: 4.9" H x 6.1" W x 2.9" D (12.4 cm x 15.5 cm x 7.4 cm)
Weight: 1.1 lbs. (0.5 kg)
Display: 4.4" diagonal (11.3 cm), 3.14" H x 3.14" W (8.0 cm x 8.0
cm) high-contrast, 16-color CSTN display with adjustable brightness
(128 x 128 pixels)
Case: Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy, waterproof to IEC
529 IPX7 standards
Temp. Range: 5°F to 130°F (-15°C to 55°C)
Power
Source: 10-18v DC
Usage: 9 watts max. at 18V DC; 7 watts at 12V DC nominal.
Fuse: AGC/2A - 2.0 Amp
22
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > LIMITED WARRANTY
Limited Warranty
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or
workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. Within this period,
Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in
normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the
customer for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for
any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse,
misuse, accident, or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE
EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS,
IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING
UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS
WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY
VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS
PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above
limitations may not apply to you.Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or
replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole
discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin authorized dealer or
call Garmin Product Support for shipping instructions and an RMA tracking
number. Securely pack the unit and a copy of the original sales receipt, which
is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. Write the tracking
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
number clearly on the outside of the package. Send the unit, freight charges
prepaid, to any Garmin warranty service station.
Online Auction Purchases: Products sold through online auctions are not
eligible for rebates or other special offers from Garmin. Online auction
confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty
service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is
required. Garmin will not replace missing components from any package
purchased through an online auction.
International Purchases: A separate warranty is provided by international
distributors for units purchased outside the United States. This warranty is
provided by the local in-country distributor and this distributor provides
local service for your unit. Distributor warranties are only valid in the area of
intended distribution. Units purchased in the United States or Canada must be
returned to the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the United States,
Canada, or Taiwan for service.
Garmin International, Inc.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
1200 East 151st Street,
Unit 5, The Quadrangle,
Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA
Abbey Park Industrial Estate,
Tel. (913) 397-8200 or
Romsey, SO51 9DL, UK
(800) 800-1020
Tel. +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the
UK) Fax (913) 397-8282
0808.2380000 (within the UK)
Fax +44 (0) 870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road,
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
23
APPENDIX > SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT AND DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Software License Agreement
BY USING THE FISHFINDER 160C, YOU AGREE TO BE
BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE
FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE
READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY.
Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in
this device (the “Software”) in binary executable form in the normal
operation of the product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual
property rights in and to the Software remain in Garmin.
Declaration of Conformity (DoC)
Hereby, Garmin, declares that this Fishfinder 160C is in compliance
with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of
Directive 1999/5/EC.
To view the full Declaration of Conformity, see the Garmin Web site
for your Garmin product: http://www.garmin.com/products/ff160c/.
Click Manuals, and then select the Declaration of Conformity
link.
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and
is protected under the United States of America copyright laws and
international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge that the
structure, organization, and code of the Software are valuable trade
secrets of Garmin and that the Software in source code form remains
a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile,
disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer, or reduce
to human readable form the Software or any part thereof or create
any derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export
or re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export
control laws of the United States of America.
24
Fishfinder 160C Owner’s Manual
INDEX
INDEX
A
adjustment bar, the 14
alarms 15
arches 2
arrow keys 12
auto gain 13, 17
B
background 18
battery 15, 18
battery alarm 15
battery voltage 13
beam 2, 17
beeper 21
bottom
of the water 2
shape and type 13
C
calibrate speed 19
change
a setting 14
a setup menu item 15
cleaning
the case iii
the screen iii
clutter 2
color 1
contrast 21
D
Declaration of Conformity 24
deep alarm 16
defaults 21
depth 20
distance 13, 18, 20
dual beam 2
E
electrical system 10
ENTER key 12
F
features i
fish 13. See also suspended targets
alarm 16
ID 16
symbols 2, 16
G
gain 2, 14
graph 16
I
installing
the transducer 6
the unit 5
the wiring harness 10
K
keel offset 18
L
language 20
light 21
M
MENU key 12
mounting
the bracket assembly 5
the transducer 8, 9
N
narrow beam 2, 17
NMEA 10
output 21
numbers 18
O
operating instructions 12
P
packing list 4
physical specifications 22
power/backlight key 12
R
range 14
reset
defaults 21
distance 20
S
scroll 14
setup menu 15
shallow alarm 16
simulator mode 12, 20
size (numbers) 18
Software License Agreement 24
sonar 1, 22
sound waves 1
specifications 22
speed 13, 18, 20
storage iii
strongest sonar returns 1
surface clutter 2
suspended targets 2, 13
system 20
INDEX
T
temperature 20
testing the transom mount installation
10
thermoclines 3
and structure 13
tool list 5
transducer 1
assembling 6
installing 6, 9
mounting on a transom 8
mounting on a trolling motor 9
transom
mount installation 10
selecting a mount location 7
trolling motor
mounting the transducer 9
U
understanding sonar 1
units 20
unit installation 5
V
view 15
W
water
depth 13
temperature 3, 13, 18
weakest returns 1
whiteline 3, 17
wide beam 2, 17
wiring
diagram 11
harness installation 10
to a fuse block 11
Z
zoom 15
© Copyright 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, UK
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00532-00 Rev. C