User`s guide | Draytek 2750 Network Router User Manual

Vigor2750 Series
High Speed VDSL2 Router
User’s Guide
Version: 1.0
Firmware Version: V1.4.0
Date: 26/10/2010
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Copyright Information
Copyright
Declarations
Copyright 2010 All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is
protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the
copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:
z
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
z
Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are
trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
z
Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.
z
Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
manufacturers.
Safety Instructions and Approval
Safety
Instructions
Warranty
z
z
Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the router.
The router is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be
authorized and qualified personnel. Do not try to open or repair the router
yourself.
z
Do not place the router in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.
z
The router should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range of +5 to
+40 Celsius.
z
Do not expose the router to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing and
electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.
z
Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic shock
hazards.
z
Keep the package out of reach of children.
z
When you want to dispose of the router, please follow local regulations on
conservation of the environment.
We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the router will be free from any
defects in workmanship or materials for a period of two (2) years from the date of
purchase from the dealer. Please keep your purchase receipt in a safe place as it serves
as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase,
should the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, we will, at our discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components, without charge for either parts or labor, to whatever extent we deem
necessary tore-store the product to proper operating condition. Any replacement will
consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal value, and
will be offered solely at our discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is
modified, misused, tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal
working conditions. The warranty does not cover the bundled or licensed software of
other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the usability of the product will
not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the manual and online
documentation and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Be a Registered
Owner
Web registration is preferred. You can register your Vigor router via
http://www.draytek.com.
Firmware & Tools
Updates
Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all routers will be regularly
upgraded. Please consult the DrayTek web site for more information on newest
firmware, tools and documents.
http://www.draytek.com
Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
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European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
Address:
Product:
DrayTek Corp.
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, HuKou County, HsinChu Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan 303
Vigor2750 Series Router
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor2750 Series of routers are in compliance with the following essential
requirements and other relevant provisions of R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EEC.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class B and EN55024/Class B.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950-1.
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the use is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
z
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
z
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different form that to which the receiver is connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Please visit http://www.draytek.com/user/AboutRegulatory.php
This product is designed for DSL, 2.4GHz/5GHz WLAN network throughout the EC region and Switzerland with
restrictions in France. Please see the user manual for the applicable networks on your product.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Table of Contents
1
Preface ...............................................................................................................1
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation ................................................................................. 1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors .............................................................................................. 2
1.2.1 For Vigor2750 ................................................................................................................... 2
1.2.2 For Vigor2750n ................................................................................................................. 4
1.2.3 For Vigor2750Vn............................................................................................................... 6
1.3 Hardware Installation .............................................................................................................. 8
Stand Installation ....................................................................................................................... 9
1.4 Printer Installation ................................................................................................................. 10
2
Configuring Basic Settings ............................................................................15
2.1 Two-Level Management........................................................................................................ 15
2.2 Accessing Web Page ............................................................................................................ 15
2.3 Changing Password .............................................................................................................. 16
2.4 Quick Start Wizard ................................................................................................................ 18
2.4.1 Setting up the Password................................................................................................. 19
2.4.2 Setting up the Time Zone ............................................................................................... 19
2.4.3 Setting up the Internet Connection ................................................................................. 20
2.4.4 Setting up the Wireless Connection ............................................................................... 24
2.4.5 Saving the Wizard Configuration .................................................................................... 29
2.5 Online Status......................................................................................................................... 29
2.6 Saving Configuration............................................................................................................. 30
3
User Mode Operation............................................................................................31
3.1 VDSL ..................................................................................................................................... 31
3.1.1 VDSL Status ................................................................................................................... 32
3.1.2 VDSL Setup .................................................................................................................... 32
3.2 WAN ...................................................................................................................................... 33
3.2.1 Internet Access ............................................................................................................... 34
3.2.2 Multi-VLAN...................................................................................................................... 41
3.2.3 3G Backup ...................................................................................................................... 43
3.3 LAN ....................................................................................................................................... 44
3.3.1 General Setup................................................................................................................. 47
3.3.2 Ports................................................................................................................................ 48
3.3.3 MAC Address Table........................................................................................................ 50
3.3.4 VLAN............................................................................................................................... 51
3.3.5 Monitor Port .................................................................................................................... 52
3.3.6 Static Route .................................................................................................................... 53
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3.3.7 Bind IP to MAC ............................................................................................................... 54
3.4 NAT ....................................................................................................................................... 56
3.4.1 Hardware NAT ................................................................................................................ 56
3.4.2 Open Ports...................................................................................................................... 57
3.4.3 DMZ Host........................................................................................................................ 58
3.5 Bandwidth Management ....................................................................................................... 59
3.5.1 Session Limit .................................................................................................................. 59
3.5.2 Bandwidth Limit .............................................................................................................. 60
3.5.3 Port Rate Control ............................................................................................................ 62
3.5.4 QoS Control List ............................................................................................................. 62
3.5.5 Ports Priority ................................................................................................................... 67
3.5.6 QoS Statistics ................................................................................................................. 68
3.6 Applications ........................................................................................................................... 71
3.6.1 Dynamic DNS ................................................................................................................. 71
3.6.2 Schedule ......................................................................................................................... 72
3.6.3 IGMP............................................................................................................................... 74
3.6.4 IGMP Status ................................................................................................................... 74
3.6.5 UPnP Configuration ........................................................................................................ 75
3.6.6 Wake On LAN................................................................................................................. 76
3.7 Wireless LAN ........................................................................................................................ 77
3.7.1 Basic Concepts............................................................................................................... 77
3.7.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 79
3.7.3 Access Control................................................................................................................ 84
3.7.4 Station List ...................................................................................................................... 85
3.7.5 Access Point Discovery .................................................................................................. 86
3.7.6 WMM Configuration ........................................................................................................ 86
3.7.7 WDS................................................................................................................................ 88
3.8 USB Application .................................................................................................................... 90
3.8.1 USB General Settings..................................................................................................... 90
3.8.2 FTP User Management .................................................................................................. 91
3.8.3 Disk Status...................................................................................................................... 92
3.8.4 Disk Shares .................................................................................................................... 92
3.9 IPv6 ....................................................................................................................................... 94
3.9.1 IPv6 WAN Setup............................................................................................................. 94
3.9.2 IPv6 LAN Setup .............................................................................................................. 97
3.9.3 IPv6 Firewall Setup......................................................................................................... 99
3.9.4 IPv6 Routing ................................................................................................................. 101
3.9.5 IPv6 Neighbour ............................................................................................................. 102
3.9.6 IPv6 TSPC Status......................................................................................................... 102
3.9.7 IPv6 Management......................................................................................................... 105
3.10 User................................................................................................................................... 106
3.10.1 User Configuration...................................................................................................... 106
3.11 System Maintenance......................................................................................................... 107
3.11.1 System Status............................................................................................................. 107
3.11.2 TR-069 ........................................................................................................................ 109
3.11.3 User Password ........................................................................................................... 110
3.11.4 Configuration Backup ................................................................................................. 111
3.11.5 Syslog / Mail Alert ....................................................................................................... 113
3.11.6 Time and Date ............................................................................................................ 115
3.11.7 Management............................................................................................................... 116
3.11.8 Reboot System ........................................................................................................... 117
3.11.9 Firmware Upgrade ...................................................................................................... 117
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4
Admin Mode Operation....................................................................................... 119
4.1 VDSL ....................................................................................................................................119
4.1.1 VDSL Status ................................................................................................................. 120
4.1.2 VDSL Setup .................................................................................................................. 120
4.2 WAN .................................................................................................................................... 121
4.2.1 Internet Access ............................................................................................................. 122
4.2.2 Multi-VLAN.................................................................................................................... 129
4.2.3 3G Backup .................................................................................................................... 131
4.3 LAN ..................................................................................................................................... 132
4.2.1 General Setup............................................................................................................... 134
4.2.2 Ports.............................................................................................................................. 136
4.2.3 MAC Address Table...................................................................................................... 138
4.2.4 VLAN............................................................................................................................. 139
4.2.5 Monitor Port .................................................................................................................. 140
4.2.6 Static Route .................................................................................................................. 140
4.2.7 Bind IP to MAC ............................................................................................................. 142
4.4 NAT ..................................................................................................................................... 143
4.4.1 Hardware NAT .............................................................................................................. 144
4.4.2 Open Ports.................................................................................................................... 144
4.4.3 DMZ Host...................................................................................................................... 146
4.5 Firewall ................................................................................................................................ 147
4.5.1 DoS Defense ................................................................................................................ 147
4.5.2 Ports Configuration ....................................................................................................... 148
4.5.3 Access Control List ....................................................................................................... 150
4.6 Bandwidth Management ..................................................................................................... 162
4.6.1 Session Limit ................................................................................................................ 162
4.6.2 Bandwidth Limit ............................................................................................................ 163
4.6.3 Port Rate Control .......................................................................................................... 165
4.6.4 QoS Control List ........................................................................................................... 165
4.6.5 Ports Priority ................................................................................................................. 170
4.6.6 QoS Statistics ............................................................................................................... 171
4.7 Applications ......................................................................................................................... 174
4.7.1 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................................... 174
4.7.2 Schedule ....................................................................................................................... 175
4.7.3 IGMP............................................................................................................................. 177
4.7.4 IGMP Status ................................................................................................................. 177
4.7.5 UPnP Configuration ...................................................................................................... 178
4.7.6 Wake On LAN............................................................................................................... 180
4.8 VPN and Remote Access.................................................................................................... 181
4.8.1 Remote Access Control ................................................................................................ 181
4.8.2 PPTP Remote Dial-in.................................................................................................... 182
4.8.3 IPSec Remote Dial-in ................................................................................................... 182
4.8.4 Remote Dial-in Status................................................................................................... 184
4.8.5 LAN to LAN................................................................................................................... 185
4.9 Wireless LAN ...................................................................................................................... 188
4.9.1 Basic Concepts............................................................................................................. 188
4.9.2 General Setup............................................................................................................... 190
4.9.3 Access Control.............................................................................................................. 196
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4.9.4 Station List .................................................................................................................... 196
4.9.5 Access Point Discovery ................................................................................................ 197
4.9.6 WMM Configuration ...................................................................................................... 198
4.9.7 WDS.............................................................................................................................. 199
4.10 USB Application ................................................................................................................ 203
4.10.1 USB General Settings................................................................................................. 203
4.10.2 FTP User Management .............................................................................................. 203
4.10.3 Disk Status.................................................................................................................. 204
4.10.4 Disk Shares ................................................................................................................ 205
4.11 IPv6 ................................................................................................................................... 206
4.11.1 IPv6 WAN Setup......................................................................................................... 206
4.11.2 IPv6 LAN Setup .......................................................................................................... 210
4.11.3 IPv6 Firewall Setup..................................................................................................... 211
4.11.4 IPv6 Routing ............................................................................................................... 214
4.11.5 IPv6 Neighbour ........................................................................................................... 215
4.11.6 IPv6 TSPC Status....................................................................................................... 215
4.11.7 IPv6 Management....................................................................................................... 218
4.12 User................................................................................................................................... 219
4.12.1 User Configuration...................................................................................................... 219
4.13 System Maintenance......................................................................................................... 221
4.13.1 System Status............................................................................................................. 221
4.13.2 TR-069 ........................................................................................................................ 223
4.13.3 System Password ....................................................................................................... 224
4.13.4 User Password ........................................................................................................... 225
4.13.5 Configuration Backup ................................................................................................. 225
4.13.6 Syslog/Mail Alert ......................................................................................................... 227
4.13.7 Time and Date ............................................................................................................ 229
4.13.8 Management............................................................................................................... 230
4.13.9 Reboot System ........................................................................................................... 231
4.13.10 Firmware Upgrade .................................................................................................... 231
4.14 Diagnostics........................................................................................................................ 232
4.14.1 Ping............................................................................................................................. 232
4.14.2 Routing Table ............................................................................................................. 233
4.14.3 System Log................................................................................................................. 234
4.14.4 Traffic Overview.......................................................................................................... 234
4.14.5 Detailed Statistics ....................................................................................................... 235
4.14.6 MAC Address Table.................................................................................................... 237
4.14.7 DHCP Table................................................................................................................ 239
4.14.8 Data Flow Monitor....................................................................................................... 240
4.14.9 Ports State .................................................................................................................. 241
5
Application and Examples ............................................................................243
5.1 Application for Multi-VLAN .................................................................................................. 243
5.2 How to use QoS function in Vigor2750? ............................................................................. 245
Trouble Shooting ..........................................................................................249
6.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not.................................................................... 249
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
6.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not ................. 250
6.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer ............................................................................. 252
6.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not ........................................................................ 253
6.5 Forcing Vigor Router into TFTP Mode for Performing the Firmware Upgrade ................... 254
6.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ................................................................ 257
6.7 Contacting Your Dealer ....................................................................................................... 258
Appendix Basic Commands .........................................................................................259
Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
ix
1
Preface
The Vigor2750 series are the routers with high speed in data transmission through DSL port
and LAN ports.
With the development of NGN (Next Generation Network), you may recently hear the news
about FTTx deployment in your local area or even have already subscribed the unbundling last
mile service (e.g. VDSL2) from local ITSP for FTTx. As adopting FTTx, the main question
for end users is whether your legacy router could fully utilize its bandwidth or not.
DrayTek launches Vigor 2750 series – High speed router, perfectly complied with VDSL2
environment including Vigor2750, Vigor2750n and Vigor2750Vn for speed-wanted customers.
With high throughput performance and secured broadband connectivity provided by Vigor
2750 series, you can simultaneously engage these bandwidth-intensive applications, such as
high-definition video streaming, online gaming, and Internet telephony / access..
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation
Several main buttons appeared on the web pages are defined as the following:
Save and apply current settings.
Cancel current settings and recover to the previous saved settings.
Clear all the selections and parameters settings, including selection from
drop-down list. All the values must be reset with factory default settings.
Add new settings for specified item.
Edit the settings for the selected item.
Delete the selected item with the corresponding settings.
Note: For the other buttons shown on the web pages, please refer to Chapter 4 for detailed
explanation.
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1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and connectors
first.
1.2.1 For Vigor2750
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT
(Activity)
Blinking
The router is powered on and running
normally.
The router is powered off.
Hardware NAT is enabled.
Hardware NAT is disabled.
HPA
(Hardware
Packet
Accelerate)
DSL
Off
On
Off
On
Blinking
(Slowly)
Blinking
The DSL port is connected.
The router is ready.
The connection is training.
(Quickly)
LAN1/2/3/4
USB1/2
VPN
QoS
DoS
On
(Green)
Blinking
(Green)
On
(Orange)
Blinking
(Orange)
On
On
On
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
A USB device is connected and active.
The VPN tunnel is active.
The QoS function is active.
On
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The data is transmitting.
Interface
Description
DSL
LAN (1-4)
USB (1-2)
Connector for accessing the Internet.
Connectors for local network devices.
Connector for USB storage device (Pen
Driver/Mobile HD) or printer or 3G backup.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press
the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to
blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the
factory default configuration.
Connector for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
PWR
I/O
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3
1.2.2 For Vigor2750n
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT
(Activity)
Blinking
The router is powered on and running
normally.
The router is powered off.
Hardware NAT is enabled.
Hardware NAT is disabled.
HPA
(Hardware
Packet
Accelerate)
DSL
Off
On
Off
On
Blinking
(Slowly)
Blinking
The DSL port is connected.
The router is ready.
The connection is training.
(Quickly)
LAN1/2/3/4
USB1/2
VPN
QoS
WLAN
WPS Button
On
(Green)
Blinking
(Green)
On
(Orange)
Blinking
(Orange)
On
On
On
On
On
Off
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The data is transmitting.
A USB device is connected and active.
The VPN tunnel is active.
The QoS function is active.
Wireless access point is ready.
Press this button for 2 seconds to wait
for client device making network
connection through WPS. When the
LED lights up, the WPS connection
will be on.
The WPS is off.
Interface
Description
WLAN
Press the button once to enable (WLAN LED on) or
disable (WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
DSL
LAN (1-4)
USB (1-2)
Connector for accessing the Internet.
Connectors for local network devices.
Connector for USB storage device (Pen
Driver/Mobile HD) or printer or 3G backup.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press
the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to
blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory
default configuration.
Connector for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
PWR
I/O
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1.2.3 For Vigor2750Vn
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT
(Activity)
Blinking
The router is powered on and running
normally.
The router is powered off.
Hardware NAT is enabled.
Hardware NAT is disabled.
HPA
(Hardware
Packet
Accelerate)
DSL
Off
On
Off
On
Blinking
(Slowly)
Blinking
The DSL port is connected.
The router is ready.
The connection is training.
(Quickly)
LAN1/2/3/4
USB1/2
Phone1/
Phone2
On
(Green)
Blinking
(Green)
On
(Orange)
Blinking
(Orange)
On
On
Off
WLAN
WPS Button
Blinking
On
On
Off
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The data is transmitting.
A USB device is connected and active.
The phone connected to this port is
off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is
on-hook.
A phone call comes.
Wireless access point is ready.
Press this button for 2 seconds to wait
for client device making network
connection through WPS. When the
LED lights up, the WPS connection
will be on.
The WPS is off.
Interface
Description
WLAN
Press the button once to enable (WLAN LED on) or
disable (WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
DSL
LAN (1-4)
USB (1-2)
Connector for accessing the Internet.
Connectors for local network devices.
Connector for USB storage device (Pen
Driver/Mobile HD) or printer or 3G backup.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
Phone2/Phone1
Factory Reset
Connector of analog phone for VoIP communication.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press
the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to
blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory
default configuration.
Connector for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
PWR
ON/OFF
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1.3 Hardware Installation
Before starting to configure the router, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect the DSL interface to Internet with a VDSL2 line cable.
2.
Connect one port of 4-port switch to your computer with a RJ-45 cable. This device
allows you to connect 4 PCs directly.
3.
Connect Phone port to a conventional analog telephone.
4.
Connect detachable antennas to the router for Vigor2750 series (n model).
5.
Connect one end of the power cord to the power port of this device. Connect the other
end to the wall outlet of electricity.
6.
Power on the router.
7.
Check the ACT and DSL, LAN LEDs to assure network connection.
(For the detailed information of LED status, please refer to section 1.1.)
Caution: Each of the Phone ports can be connected to an analog phone only. Do not
connect the phone ports to the land line jack. Such connection might damage your router.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Stand Installation
The Vigor2750 must be placed erectly. Therefore you have to install a stand onto the router to
make it standing firmly. Please follow the figures listed below to finish the installation.
c
d
e
f
Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
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1.4 Printer Installation
You can install a printer onto the router for sharing printing. All the PCs connected this router
can print documents via the router. The example provided here is made based on Windows
XP/2000. For Windows 98/SE/Vista, please visit www.draytek.com.
Before using it, please follow the steps below to configure settings for connected computers
(or wireless clients).
1.
Connect the printer with the router through USB/parallel port.
2.
Open Start->Settings-> Printer and Faxes.
3.
Open File->Add a New Computer. A welcome dialog will appear. Please click Next.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
4.
Click Local printer attached to this computer and click Next.
5.
In this dialog, choose Create a new port Type of port and use the drop down list to
select Standard TCP/IP Port. Click Next.
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11
6.
In the following dialog, type 192.168.1.1 (router’s LAN IP) in the field of Printer Name
or IP Address and type IP_192.168.1.1 as the port name. Then, click Next.
7.
Click Standard and choose Generic Network Card.
8.
Then, in the following dialog, click Finish.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
9.
Now, your system will ask you to choose right name of the printer that you installed onto
the router. Such step can make correct driver loaded onto your PC. When you finish the
selection, click Next.
10. For the final stage, you need to go back to Control Panel-> Printers and edit the
property of the new printer you have added.
11. Select "LPR" on Protocol, type p1 (number 1) as Queue Name. Then click OK. Next
please refer to the red rectangle for choosing the correct protocol and UPR name.
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13
The printer can be used for printing now. Most of the printers with different manufacturers are
compatible with vigor router.
Note 1: Some printers with the fax/scanning or other additional functions are not
supported. If you do not know whether your printer is supported or not, please visit
www.draytek.com to find out the printer list. Open Support >FAQ; find out the link of
Printer Server and click it; then click the What types of printers are compatible with
Vigor router? link.
Note 2: Vigor router supports printing request from computers via LAN ports but not
WAN port.
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Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
2
Configuring Basic Settings
For using the router properly, it is necessary for you to change the password of web
configuration for security and adjust primary basic settings.
2.1 Two-Level Management
This chapter explains how to setup a password for an administrator/user and how to adjust
basic/advanced settings for accessing Internet successfully.
For user mode operation, do not type any word on the window and click Login for
the simple web pages for configuration.
Yet, for admin mode operation, please type “admin/admin” on Username/Password
and click Login for full configuration.
2.2 Accessing Web Page
1.
Make sure your PC connects to the router correctly.
You may either simply set up your computer to get IP dynamically from the router or set
up the IP address of the computer to be the same subnet as the default IP address of
Vigor router 192.168.1.1. For the detailed information, please refer to the later section Trouble Shooting of the guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The following window
will be open to ask for username and password.
3.
For user mode operation, do not type any word on the window and click Login for the
simple web pages for configuration. Yet, for admin mode operation, please type
“admin/admin” on Username/Password and click Login for full configuration.
Notice: If you fail to access to the web configuration, please go to “Trouble
Shooting” for detecting and solving your problem.
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4.
The web page can be logged out according to the chosen condition. The default setting is
Auto Logout, which means the web configuration system will logout after 5 minutes
without any operation. Change the setting for your necessity.
2.3 Changing Password
No matter user mode operation or admin mode operation, please change the password for the
original security of the router.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password.
2.
Please type “admin/admin” on Username/Password for admin mode. Otherwise, do not
type any word (both username and password are Null for user mode) on the window and
click Login on the window.
3.
Now, the Main Screen will appear.
Main screen for admin mode operation (full configuration)
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Main screen for user mode operation (simple configuration)
Note: The home page will change slightly in accordance with the type of the router
you have.
4.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose System Password/User Password.
Or
5.
Type New Password in New Password and Confirm New Password fields. Then click
OK to continue.
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6.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web Configurator for this router.
2.4 Quick Start Wizard
Notice: Quick Start Wizard for user mode operation is the same as for admin
mode operation.
If your router can be under an environment with high speed NAT, the configuration provide
here can help you to deploy and use the router quickly. The first screen of Quick Start
Wizard is welcome page, please click Next.
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2.4.1 Setting up the Password
The first screen of Quick Start Wizard is entering login password. After typing the password,
please click Next.
2.4.2 Setting up the Time Zone
On the next page as shown below, please select the Time Zone for the router installed and
specify the NTP server(s). If the NTP Server you want is not listed on this page, please click
NTP Server to add a new one. Then click Next for next step.
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2.4.3 Setting up the Internet Connection
On the next page as shown below, please select the appropriate connection type according to
the information from your ISP. There are five types offered in this page. Each connection type
will bring out different web page.
Static IP
You will receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely multiple public IP
addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a Cable service
provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a public subnet.
If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP address to the WAN
interface.
IP Address
Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask.
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Gateway
Type the gateway IP address.
Primary DNS Server
Type in the primary IP address for the router
Secondary DNS Server
Type in secondary IP address for necessity in the future.
Enable
The router will detect the MAC address automatically. Or,
check the box to enable MAC address cloning.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
PC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of MAC
Address.
After finishing the settings here, please click Next.
DHCP
It is not necessary for you to type any IP address manually. Simply choose this type and the
system will obtain the IP address automatically from DHCP server.
Enable
The router will detect the MAC address automatically. Or,
check the box to enable MAC address cloning.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
PC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of MAC
Address.
After finishing the settings here, please click Next.
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PPPoE
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE connection
for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information about user name,
password, and authentication mode.
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE connection, please select PPPoE for this router. The
following page will be shown:
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP.
Confirm Password
Type the password again for confirmation.
Redial Policy
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can choose
Always On. Otherwise, choose Connect on Demand.
Idle Time Out
Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after passing
through the time without any action. The unit is seconds. The
range is XX ~ XX.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default
setting is 1442.
Enable
The router will detect the MAC address automatically. Or,
check the box to enable MAC address cloning.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
PC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of MAC
Address.
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After finishing the settings here, please click Next.
PPTP/L2TP
if you click PPTP/L2TP as the protocol, please manually enter the Username/Password
provided by your ISP and all the required information.
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP.
Server Address
Specify the IP address of the PPTP server.
WAN IP Network Settings You can choose Static IP or DHCP as WAN IP network setting.
IP Address
Type the IP address if you choose Static IP as the WAN IP
network setting.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if you chose Static IP as the WAN IP.
Redial Policy
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can choose
Always On. Otherwise, choose Connect on Demand.
Idle Time Out
Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after passing
through the time without any action. When you choose
Connect on Demand, you have to type value here.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default
setting is 1442.
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Enable
The router will detect the MAC address automatically. Or,
check the box to enable MAC address cloning.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
PC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of MAC
Address.
After finishing the settings here, please click Next.
2.4.4 Setting up the Wireless Connection
Now, you have to set up the wireless connection. For the user of Vigor2750, please skip this
step.
Enable Wireless LAN
Check the box to enable the wireless function.
SSID Broadcast
Choose Show to make the SSID being seen by wireless clients.
Choose Hide to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your wireless
LAN.
SSID
It means the identification of the wireless LAN. SSID can be
any text numbers or various special characters. The default
SSID is "DrayTek". We suggest you to change it.
Encryption
Select an appropriate encryption mode to improve the security
and privacy of your wireless data packets.
Each encryption mode will bring out different web page and ask
you to offer additional configuration.
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WEP
If you choose WEP as the security configuration, you have to specify encryption key (Key 1 ~
Key 4) and authentication mode (open or shared). All wireless devices must support the same
WEP encryption bit size and have the same key.
Key1 to Key4
Four keys can be entered here, but only one key can be selected
at a time. The keys can be entered in ASCII or Hexadecimal.
Choose the key you wish to use by using the Default Key drop
down list.
Authentication Mode
Open - Open system authentication simply consists of two
communications. The first is an authentication request by the
client that contains the station ID (typically the MAC address).
This is followed by an authentication response from the
AP/router containing a success or failure message. An example
of when a failure may occur is if the client's MAC address is
explicitly excluded in the AP/router configuration.
Shared - Shared key authentication relies on the fact that both
stations taking part in the authentication process have the same
"shared" key or passphrase. The shared key is manually set on
both the client station and the AP/router. Three types of shared
key authentication are available today for home or small office
WLAN environments.
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WPA-PSK
If you choose WPA-PSK as the security configuration, you have to specify WPA mode,
algorithm and pre-shared key.
Type
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio using
the key, which either PSK (Pre-Shared Key) entered manually
in this field below or automatically negotiated via 802.1x
authentication. Select WPA, WPA2 or Auto as WPA mode.
WPA Algorithm
Choose the WPA algorithm, TKIP, AES or Auto.
WPA Pre-shared Key
The keys can be entered in ASCII or Hexadecimal. Check the
key you wish to use.
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WPA- RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is a security authentication
client/server protocol that supports authentication, authorization and accounting, which is
widely used by Internet service providers. It is the most common method of authenticating and
authorizing dial-up and tunneled network users.
The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist a wireless station and the
RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables centralized remote access
authentication for network management.
If you choose WPA- RADIUS as the security configuration, you have to specify WPA mode,
algorithm, Radius server, Radius server port and Radius server secret respectively.
Type
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio using
the key, which either PSK (Pre-Shared Key) entered manually
in this field below or automatically negotiated via 802.1x
authentication. Select WPA, WPA2 or Auto as WPA mode.
WPA Algorithm
Choose the WPA algorithm, TKIP, AES or Auto.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server.
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using. The
default value is 1812, based on RFC 2138.
Shared Secret
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used to
authenticate the messages sent between them. Both sides must
be configured to use the same shared secret.
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WPS
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) provides easy procedure to make network connection
between wireless station and wireless access point (vigor router) with the encryption of
WPA and WPA2.
If you choose WPS as the security configuration, you can press Start WPS PIN and Start WPS
PBC to complete the wireless connection.
Configure via Push Button Click Start PBC to invoke Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. The router will wait for WPS requests from wireless
clients about two minutes. The WPS LED on the router will
blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will return to normal
condition after two minutes. (You need to setup WPS within
two minutes)
Configure via Client PinCode Type the PIN code specified in wireless client you wish to
connect, and click Start PIN button. The WLAN LED on the
router will blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will return to
normal condition after two minutes. (You need to setup WPS
within two minutes)
After finishing the settings here, please click Next.
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2.4.5 Saving the Wizard Configuration
Now you can see the following screen. It indicates that the setup is complete. Different types
of connection modes will have different summary. Click Finish and then restart the router.
2.5 Online Status
The online status shows the system status, WAN status, and other status related to this router
within one page. If you select PPPoE as the protocol, you will find out a link of Dial PPPoE
or Drop PPPoE in the Online Status web page.
Detailed explanation is shown below:
LAN Status
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the LAN interface.
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RX Packets
Displays the total received packets at the LAN interface.
TX Bytes
Displays the total transmitted bytes at the LAN interface.
RX Bytes
Displays the total received packets at the LAN interface.
IPv6 Address
Displays the IPv6 address of the LAN interface.
WAN Status
IP
Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP
Display the IP address of the default gateway.
Mode
Display the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time
Display the total uptime of the interface.
IPv6 Address
Display the IPv6 address of the LAN interface.
Primary DNS
Display the primary DNS server address for WAN interface.
Secondary DNS
Display the secondary DNS server address for WAN interface.
TX Packets
Display the total transmitted packets at the WAN interface.
RX Packets
Display the total number of received packets at the WAN interface.
TX Bytes
Display the total transmitted bytes at the WAN interface.
RX Bytes
Display the total received packets at the WAN interface.
Profile
Display current VDSL profile used.
State
Display the state of VDSL line.
Up Speed
Display the maximum up speed of VDSL line.
Down Speed
Display the maximum down speed of VDSL line.
SNR Upstream
Display the signal-to-noise ratio of upstream.
SNR Downstream
Display the signal-to-noise ratio of downstream.
Note: The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface is ready for
accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the WAN connection of that interface is not
ready for accessing Internet.
2.6 Saving Configuration
Each time you click OK on the web page for saving the configuration, you can find messages
showing the system interaction with you.
Ready indicates the system is ready for you to input settings.
Settings Saved means your settings are saved once you click Finish or OK button.
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3
User Mode Operation
This chapter will guide users to execute simple configuration through user mode operation.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The window will ask for
typing username and password.
2.
Do not type any word (both username and password are Null for user operation) on the
window and click Login on the window.
Now, the Main Screen will appear. Be aware that “User mode” will be displayed on the
bottom left side.
3.1 VDSL
This menu allows you to check VDSL status and configure VDSL settings for you request.
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3.1.1 VDSL Status
This page displays the VDSL information for such router such as current connection status,
the firmware version of such router, the profile used by such VDSL2 line, the rates for
upstream and downstream, and so on.
3.1.2 VDSL Setup
This page allows you to set VDSL2 profile and G.h Carrier Set.
VDSL2 Profile
Check the profiles that the router will support. Each profile
can be used in different VDSL deployment architectures.
The working profile will be decided by CO side.
G.hs Carrier Set
Choose one of the items as the G.hs Carrier Set. Each set
will have different frequency indices and maximum power
level for data in upstream and downstream.
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3.2 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
WAN group.
Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under the
management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the NIC
has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In DSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is required
for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
(PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access concentrator or
aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with significant ease of use.
Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service according to user
requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask for
a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated via
PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server, and
other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
Network Connection by 3G USB Modem
For 3G mobile communication through Access Point is popular more and more, Vigor router
adds the function of 3G network connection for such purpose. By connecting 3G USB Modem
to the USB port of Vigor router, it can support HSDPA/UMTS/EDGE/GPRS/GSM and the
future 3G standard (HSUPA, etc). Vigor router with 3G USB Modem allows you to receive
3G signals at any place such as your car or certain location holding outdoor activity and share
the bandwidth for using by more people. Users can use four LAN ports on the router to access
Internet. Also, they can access Internet via SuperG wireless function of Vigor router, and
enjoy the powerful firewall, bandwidth management, VPN, VoIP features of Vigor router.
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After connecting into the router, 3G USB Modem will be regarded as the second WAN port.
However, the original DSL WAN still can be used and Load-Balance can be done in the router.
Besides, 3G USB Modem also can be used as backup device. Therefore, when DSL WAN is
not available, the router will use 3.5G for supporting automatically. The supported 3G USB
Modem will be listed on DrayTek web site. Please visit www.draytek.com for more detailed
information.
Below shows the menu items for WAN.
3.2.1 Internet Access
This page allows you to set WAN configuration with different modes.
Use the Connection Type drop down list to choose one of the WAN modes. The
corresponding page will be displayed.
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Static IP
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP address
to the WAN interface.
To use Static as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose Static mode from
Connection Type drop down menu. The following web page will be shown.
IP Address
Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address
Type the gateway IP address.
Primary DNS Server
Type in the primary IP address for the router if you want to use
Static IP mode.
Secondary DNS Server
Type in secondary IP address for using in the future if
necessary.
Mode
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect. Choose ARP
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Detect or Ping Detect for the system to execute for WAN
detection.
Ping IP
If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have to type
IP address in this field for pinging.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
DHCP
DHCP allows a user to obtain an IP address automatically from a DHCP server on the Internet.
If you choose DHCP mode, the DHCP server of your ISP will assign a dynamic IP address for
your router automatically. It is not necessary for you to assign any setting,
Router Name
Type in a name for the router. It must be the same as the name
used in Syslog.
Domain Name
Type the domain name (e.g., draytek) to fit the request of some
ISPs.
Mode
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect. Choose ARP
Detect or Ping Detect for the system to execute for WAN
detection.
Ping IP
If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have to type
IP address in this field for pinging.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
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After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
PPPoE
To choose PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the internet, please select PPPoE from the
Internet Access menu. The following web page will be shown.
Username
Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password
Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Confirm Password
Type the password again for confirmation.
Redial Policy
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can choose
Always On. Otherwise, choose Connect on Demand.
Idle Time Out
Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after passing
through the time without any action. When you choose Connect
on Demand, you have to type value here.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default
setting is 1442. Leave blank for default value.
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted
in this page will be invalid.
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Mode
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect. Choose ARP
Detect or Ping Detect for the system to execute for WAN
detection.
Ping IP
If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have to type
IP address in this field for pinging.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
PPTP/L2TP
To use PPTP/L2TP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose PPTP/L2TP from
Connection Type drop down menu. The following web page will be displayed.
Username
Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password
Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Server Address
Type in the IP address for PPTP /L2TP server.
WAN IP Network Settings You can choose Static IP or DHCP as WAN IP network setting.
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IP Address
Type the IP address if you choose Static IP as the WAN IP
network setting.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if you chose Static IP as the WAN IP.
Primary DNS Server
If you choose Static IP for WAN IP Network Settings, you
must specify a DNS server IP address here because your ISP
should provide you with usually more than one DNS Server. If
your ISP does not provide it, the router will apply a default
DNS Server automatically.
Secondary DNS Server
If you choose Static IP for WAN IP Network Settings, you can
specify secondary DNS server IP address here because your ISP
often provides you more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does
not provide it, the router will apply a default secondary DNS
Server automatically.
Redial Policy
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can choose
Always On. Otherwise, choose Connect on Demand and
Idle Time Out
Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after passing
through the time without any action. When you choose Connect
on Demand, you have to type value here.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default
setting is 1442.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
3G USB Modem
If your router connects to a 3G modem and you want to access Internet via 3G modem, choose
3G as connection type and type the required information in this web page.
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SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access
Internet.
Modem Initial String1/2
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
APN Name
APN means Access Point Name which is provided and
required by some ISPs.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional).
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional).
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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3.2.2 Multi-VLAN
Vigor2750 series offers multi-VLAN function to make the data transmission with security.
Data transmitting through the WAN port for connecting to Internet can be tagged with an ID
number specified here for ensuring the security. In addition, each LAN port also can be tagged
with an ID number in local network to reach the goal of protection.
If all the boxes are checked, it means that Internet connection and data transmission can be
done via 4 VLAN groups.
Enable Multi-VLAN Setup
Check the box to enable Multi-VLAN configuration.
WAN VLAN ID
Data sent out through the WAN port will be tagged with
VLAN ID number specified here. The range of ID number
you can type is from 2 – 4096.
Enable VoIP WAN Setup
Check the box to enable VoIP WAN configuration. Such
feature is available only for “v” model.
VoIP WAN VLAN ID
Voice sent out through the WAN port will be tagged with
VLAN ID number specified here. The range of ID number
you can type is from 2 – 4096.
VoIP WAN Setting – Click this link to open VoIP WAN
setting.
LAN/NAT
Vigor2750 Series User’s Guide
Such value is constant and fixed. All the data will be
transmitted by NAT through DSL port.
41
Bridge 1/2/3
LAN port (P2-P4) selected here will ask a Public IP address
from ISP for transmitting data from PC directly without
NAT. The range of ID number you can type is from 2 –
4096. Each ID setting must be unique and different with
WAN VLAN ID.
VoIP WAN Setting (for V model only)
VoIP WAN is the interface specified for the usage of VoIP. The settings will be changed
based on the connection type selected.
When Static IP is selected as connection type, you need to configure the following settings:
IP Address
Type the IP address obtained from ISP for the usage of
VoIP.
Subnet Mask
Type the Subnet mask obtained from ISP for the usage of
VoIP.
Gateway IP Address
Type the gateway IP address obtained from ISP for the usage
of VoIP.
Primary DNS Server
Type the IP address of primary DNS server obtained from
ISP for the usage of VoIP.
Secondary DNS Server
Type the IP address of secondary DNS server obtained from
ISP for the usage of VoIP.
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When DHCP is selected as connection type, you need to configure the following settings:
Router Name
Type the name of the router.
Domain Name
Type the domain name obtained from the ISP.
When PPPoE is selected as connection type, you need to configure the following settings:
Username
Type the name obtained from the ISP.
Password
Type the password obtained from the ISP.
Confirm Password
Type the password again for confirmation.
MTU Size
Type the largest size (in bytes) of a packet.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
3.2.3 3G Backup
This page is used to setup 3G backup function. If you enable 3G backup, make sure your
WAN connection type is not in 3G mode. When the WAN connection is broken, router will
try to keep the connection with 3G mode. After WAN connection is recovered, router will
disconnect the 3G connection automatically.
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SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access
Internet.
Modem Initial String1/2
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact your ISP.
APN Name
APN means Access Point Name which is provided and
required by some ISPs.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional).
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional).
3.3 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design of
network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using public
IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is to
translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right packets
to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that assigns
private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly understanding.
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In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor router
will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other public
hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the router should be set as the gateway for public hosts.
What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the router such as IP
address and the routers will automatically inform for each other.
What are Virtual LANs and Rate Control
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You can group local hosts by physical ports and create up to 4 virtual LANs. To manage the
communication between different groups, please set up rules in Virtual LAN (VLAN) function
and the rate of each.
Below shows the LAN menu:
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3.3.1 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN.
Click LAN to open the LAN settings page and choose General Setup.
IP Address
Type in private IP address for connecting to a local private
network (Default: 192.168.1.1).
Subnet Mask
Type in an address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
Enable DHCP
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The
router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your network
so it automatically dispatch related IP settings to any local user
configured as a DHCP client. It is highly recommended that you
leave the router enabled as a DHCP server if you do not have a
DHCP server for your network.
You can configure the router to serve as a DHCP server for the
2nd subnet. Check the box to enable DHCP server setting.
Start IP Address
Enter a value of the IP address pool for the DHCP server to start
with when issuing IP addresses. If the 2nd IP address of your
router is 220.135.240.1, the starting IP address must be
220.135.240.2 or greater, but smaller than 220.135.240.254.
IP Pool Counts
Enter the number of IP addresses in the pool. The maximum is
10. For example, if you type 3 and the 2nd IP address of your
router is 220.135.240.1, the range of IP address by the DHCP
server will be from 220.135.240.2 to 220.135.240.11.
Lease Time
It allows you to set the leased time for the specified PC.
Force DNS manual setting
Force router to use DNS servers in this page instead of DNS
servers given by the Internet Access server (PPPoE, PPTP,
L2TP or DHCP server).
Primary IP Address
You must specify a DNS server IP address here because your
ISP should provide you with usually more than one DNS Server.
If your ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically
apply default DNS Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
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Secondary IP Address
You can specify secondary DNS server IP address here because
your ISP often provides you more than one DNS Server. If your
ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically apply
default secondary DNS Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this
field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online
Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are left
empty, the router will assign its own IP address to local users as
a DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS cache,
the router will resolve the domain name immediately.
Otherwise, the router forwards the DNS query packet to the
external DNS server by establishing a WAN connection.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
3.3.2 Ports
Ports page is used to change the setting for LAN ports. You can set or reset the following
items. All of them are described in detail below.
Port
It displays current network interface.
Link
It displays current connection status. Green light means the
LAN connection is successful.
Speed Current
It displays current speed that the router uses.
Speed Configured
It can set the speed and duplex of the port. You can use the drop
down list to choose the required speed for the router. If you
have no idea in configuring speed, simple use the default setting,
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Auto.
Flow Control
If flow control is enabled by checking Configured box, both
parties can send PAUSE frame to the transmitting device(s) if
the receiving port is too busy to handle. If not, there will be no
flow control in the port. It drops the packet if too much to
handle.
Current Rx: indicates whether pause frames on the port are
obeyed.
Current Tx: indicates whether pause frames on the port are
transmitted.
Maximum Frame
This module offers 1522~9600 (Bytes) length to make the long
packet for data transmission.
Excessive Collision Mode
There are two modes for you to choose when excessive
collision happened in half-duplex condition.
Discard - It determines whether the MAC drops frames after an
excessive collision has occurred. If yes, a frame is dropped after
excessive collision. This is IEEE Standard 802.3 half-duplex
flow control operation.
Restart - It determines whether the MAC retransmits frames
after an excessive collision has occurred. If set, a frame is not
dropped after excessive collisions, but the backoff sequence is
restarted. This is a violation of IEEE Standard 802.3, but is
useful in non-dropping half-duplex flow control operation.
Power Control
The Configured column allows for changing the power savings
mode parameters per port.
Disabled: All power savings mechanisms disabled.
ActiPHY: Link down power savings enabled.
PerfectReach: Link up power savings enabled.
Enabled: Both link up and link down power savings enabled.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the information for LAN ports.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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3.3.3 MAC Address Table
This page allows you to set timeouts for entries in dynamic MAC Table and configure the
static MAC table here.
Disable Automatic Aging
Stop the MAC table aging timer, the learned MAC address will
not age out automatically. The default setting is enabled. Check
the box to disable this function if required.
Age Time
Delete a MAC address idling for a period of time from the
following MAC Table, which will not affect static MAC
address. Range of MAC Address Aging Time is 10-1000000
seconds. The default Aging Time is 300 seconds.
MAC Table Learning
List the port members which apply dynamic learning
mechanism or not.
Auto - Enable this port MAC address dynamic learning
mechanism.
Disable - Disable this port MAC address dynamic learning
mechanism, only support static MAC address setting.
Secure - Disable this port MAC address dynamic learning
mechanism and copy the dynamic learning packets to CPU.
Static MAC Table Config.. Specify static MAC address with VLAN ID to apply aging
configuration.
Delete - Click the button to remove the VLAN setting.
VLAN ID - Specify the interface for the port members.
MAC Address - It is a six-byte long Ethernet hardware address
and usually expressed by hex and separated by hyphens. For
example, 00 – 40 - C7 - D6 – 00 – 02.
WAN/LAN1~4 - Check the port to apply this VLAN setting.
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To add a new static MAC entry, click Add new static entry. A new entry will be shown as
follows. Choose VLAN ID and type a new MAC address. Next, specify port member for this
table. Finally, click OK to save the changes.
3.3.4 VLAN
Virtual LAN function provides you a very convenient way to manage hosts by grouping them
based on the physical port. You can also manage the in/out rate of each port. Go to LAN page
and select VLAN. The following page will appear. VLAN function is enabled in default.
Note: For the VALN feature in LAN is port-based, the available numbers for PVLAN ID
can be 1-4.
Add New Private VLAN
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Click this button to add a new private VLAN. The router allows
you to add up to 4 VLAN.
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To add or remove a VLAN, please refer to the following example.
1.
VLAN 1 is consisted of hosts linked to P1 ~ P4.
2.
After checking the box to enable VLAN function, you will check the table according to
the needs as shown below.
3.
To remove VLAN, click the Delete button for the one you want to remove and click OK
to save the results.
3.3.5 Monitor Port
It is used to monitor the traffic of the network. For example, we assume that LAN1 and LAN2
are Monitor Port and Monitor ingress Port respectively, thus, the traffic received by LAN2
will be copied to LAN1 for monitoring.
Enable Monitor Port
Check to enable this function.
Monitor Port
Click the one of the LAN ports to specify it for monitoring.
Monitor ingress port
Check to set up the port(s) for being monitored. It only
monitors the packets received by the port you set up.
Monitor egress port
Check to set up the port(s) for being monitored. It only
monitors the packets transmitted by the port you set up.
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3.3.6 Static Route
Go to LAN and choose Static Route to open setting page.
View Routing Table
Display the routing table of the router.
Index
The number (1 to 10) under Index displays current static router.
Destination Address
Display the destination address of the static route.
Status
Display the status of the static route.
Add
Add a new static route.
Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks
Here is an example of setting Static Route in Main Router so that user A and B locating in
different subnet can talk to each other via the router. Assuming the Internet access has been
configured and the router works properly:
z
use the Main Router to surf the Internet.
z
create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Router A (192.168.1.2)
z
create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Router B (192.168.1.3).
z
have set Main Router 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the Router A 192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Router A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Router.
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1.
Click the LAN - Static Route and click Add. Check the Enable box. Please add a static
route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to 192.168.10.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
2.
Return to Static Route page. Click Add again to add another static route as show below,
which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.3.
3.
Verify current routing table.
3.3.7 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthening control
in network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address binding
together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it might cause
you not access into the Internet.
Click LAN and click Bind IP to MAC to open the setup page.
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Enable
Click this radio button to invoke this function. However,
IP/MAC which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect to
Internet.
Disable
Click this radio button to disable this function. All the settings
on this page will be invalid.
Strict Bind
Click this radio button to block the connection of the IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List.
ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this router. The information
for IP and MAC will be displayed in this field. Each pair of IP
and MAC address listed in ARP table can be selected and added
to IP Bind List by clicking Add below.
Add and Edit
IP Address – Type the IP address that will be used for the
specified MAC address.
Mac Address – Type the MAC address that is used to bind
with the assigned IP address.
Refresh
It is used to refresh the ARP table. When there is one new PC
added to the LAN, you can click this link to obtain the newly
ARP table information.
IP Bind List
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
Add
It allows you to add the one you choose from the ARP table or
the IP/MAC address typed in Add and Edit to the table of IP
Bind List.
Edit
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and
MAC address that you create before.
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Delete
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply click
and select the one, and click Delete. The selected item will be
removed from the IP Bind List.
Note: Before you select Strict Bind, you have to bind one set of IP/MAC address for one
PC. If not, no one of the PCs can access into Internet. And the web configurator of the router
might not be accessed.
3.4 NAT
Usually, the router serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the router will change its source address into the public IP address of the router, select
the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the router shall list an entry in
a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public server response,
the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the router’s public IP address and the router will
do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can communicate with external
host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:
z
Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.
z
Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be aware
of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually we use the
192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the router. As stated before, the NAT facility can map one or
more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified services. In other words, the
NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping methods.
Below shows the menu items for NAT.
3.4.1 Hardware NAT
Hardware-base Acceleration Engine, also named Protocol Processing Engine API, is the
function that Draytek provides to extremely speed up the NAT performance.
While the hardware acceleration mechanism is activated, most of the bandwidth usage will
be concentrated on the specific sessions which increase transmission speed to get ultimately
accelerated.
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3.4.2 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
To add a new open port, click Add new entry.
Name
Specify the name for the defined network service.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP and
TCP+UDP.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by the
local host.
End Port (optional)
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by the
local host.
Local Host
Enter the private IP address of the local host.
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Local Port (optional)
If it is configured, the forwarded traffic is mapped to this port
on the local host.
3.4.3 DMZ Host
Vigor router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to
a single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
Note: The security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host. We
suggest you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page:
Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
DMZ IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose
PC to select one.
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3.5 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
3.5.1 Session Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer) applications
(e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will occupy over
resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the problem, you can
use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit session, simply click Enable and set the default session limit.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit session.
Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit session.
Default Session Limit
Defines the default session number used for each computer in
LAN.
Limitation List
Displays a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
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Start IP
Defines the start LAN IP address for limit session.
End IP
Defines the end LAN IP address for limit session.
Sessions Limit
Defines the available session number for each host in the
specific range of IP addresses. If you do not set the session
number in this field, the system will use the default session limit
for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add
Adds the specific session limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
When you finish adding a new session limit, simply click OK.
3.5.2 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large of
bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to make
the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit bandwidth, simply click Enable and set the default or
user-defined upstream and downstream limit.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit bandwidth.
Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit bandwidth.
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Smart Bandwidth Limit
Click this radio button to configure the default limitation for
bandwidth.
When session number exceeds – type the value here as a
threshold to apply the smart bandwidth limit.
TX limit - Define the default speed of the upstream for
each computer in LAN.
RX limit - Define the default speed of the downstream for
each computer in LAN.
User-defined Bandwidth
Limit
Click this radio button to configure the user-defined
limitation for bandwidth.
Limitation List - Display a list of specific limitations that
you set on this web page.
Start IP - Bandwidth limit can be applied on certain IP
range. That’s, only the PCs within the range will be
influenced by the bandwidth limitation set here. Please
define the start IP address for the specific limitation.
End IP - Define the end IP address for the specific
limitation.
TX Limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
upstream to be applied as specific limitation. If you do not
set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
RX Limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
downstream to be applied as specific limitation. If you do
not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add - Add the specific speed limitation onto the list above.
Edit - Allows you to edit the settings for the selected
limitation.
Delete - Remove the selected settings existing on the
limitation list.
When you finish adding a new bandwidth limit, simply click OK.
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3.5.3 Port Rate Control
A policer can limit the bandwidth of received frames. It is located in front of the ingress queue.
And a shaper can limit the bandwidth of transmitted frames. It is located after the ingress
queues. This page allows you to configure the switch port rate limit for Policers and Shapers.
Port
Represent DSL interface.
Policer Enabled
Check this box to enable policer function.
Policer Rate(Rx)
Type the number for policer function. The default value is 500.
It is restricted to 500-1000000 when the Policer Unit is set in
kbps, and it is restricted to 1-1000 when the Policer Unit is set
in Mbps.
Policer Unit
Determine the unit (kbps/Mbps) for policer.
Shaper Enabled
Check this box to enable shaper function.
Shaper Rate (Tx)
Type the number for shaper function. The default value is 500.
It is restricted to 500-1000000 when the Shaper Unit is set in
kbps, and it is restricted to 1-1000 when the Shaper Unit is set
in Mbps.
Shaper Unit
Determine the unit (kbps/Mbps) for shaper function.
3.5.4 QoS Control List
Deploying QoS (Quality of Service) management to guarantee that all applications receive the
service levels required and sufficient bandwidth to meet performance expectations is indeed
one important aspect of modern enterprise network.
One reason for QoS is that numerous TCP-based applications tend to continually increase their
transmission rate and consume all available bandwidth, which is called TCP slow start. If
other applications are not protected by QoS, it will detract much from their performance in the
overcrowded network. This is especially essential to those are low tolerant of loss, delay or
jitter (delay variation).
Another reason is due to congestions at network intersections where speeds of interconnected
circuits mismatch or traffic aggregates, packets will queue up and traffic can be throttled back
to a lower speed. If there’s no defined priority to specify which packets should be discarded
(or in another term “dropped”) from an overflowing queue, packets of sensitive applications
mentioned above might be the ones to drop off. How this will affect application performance?
There are two components within Primary configuration of QoS deployment:
z
Classification: Identifying low-latency or crucial applications and marking them for
high-priority service level enforcement throughout the network.
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z
Scheduling: Based on classification of service level to assign packets to queues and
associated service types
The basic QoS implementation in Vigor routers is to classify and schedule packets based on
the service type information in the IP header. For instance, to ensure the connection with the
headquarter, a teleworker may enforce an index of QoS Control to reserve bandwidth for
HTTPS connection while using lots of application at the same time.
One more larger-scale implementation of QoS network is to apply DSCP (Differentiated
Service Code Point) and IP Precedence disciplines at Layer 3. Compared with legacy IP
Precedence that uses Type of Service (ToS) field in the IP header to define 8 service classes,
DSCP is a successor creating 64 classes possible with backward IP Precedence compatibility.
In a QoS-enabled network, or Differentiated Service (DiffServ or DS) framework, a DS
domain owner should sign a Service License Agreement (SLA) with other DS domain owners
to define the service level provided toward traffic from different domains. Then each DS node
in these domains will perform the priority treatment. This is called per-hop-behavior (PHB).
The definition of PHB includes Expedited Forwarding (EF), Assured Forwarding (AF), and
Best Effort (BE). AF defines the four classes of delivery (or forwarding) classes and three
levels of drop precedence in each class.
Vigor routers as edge routers of DS domain shall check the marked DSCP value in the IP
header of bypassing traffic, thus to allocate certain amount of resource execute appropriate
policing, classification or scheduling. The core routers in the backbone will do the same
checking before executing treatments in order to ensure service-level consistency throughout
the whole QoS-enabled network.
However, each node may take different attitude toward packets with high priority marking
since it may bind with the business deal of SLA among different DS domain owners. It’s not
easy to achieve deterministic and consistent high-priority QoS traffic throughout the whole
network with merely Vigor router’s effort.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click QoS Control List (QCL) to open the web page.
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QCE Type
Display the type of that QCE (QoS Control Entries).
Type Value
Display the value specified for the QCE.
Traffic Class
Display the class of the data transmission for the QCE.
QoS Control List allows users to set up to five groups of QCL. Each QCL group can contain
12 QCE settings.
Adding a New QCE
Click
settings.
z
to add a new QCE onto this page. Different QCE type will bring out different web
If you choose Ethernet Type as QCE Type, you have to type value for it and specify
traffic class from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
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Ethernet Type Value
Either 8~63 ASCII characters, such as 012345678(or 64
Hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as "0x321253abcde...").
z
If you choose VLAN ID as QCE Type, you have to type the ID number for it and specify
traffic class from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
z
If you choose TCP/UDP Port as QCE Type, you have to type the port number for it and
specify traffic class from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
TCP/UDP Port
Click Single or Range. If you select Range, you have to type
in the starting port number and the end porting number on
the boxes below.
TCP/UDP Port Range
Type in the starting port number and the end porting number
here if you choose Range as the type.
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z
If you choose DSCP as QCE Type, you have to type value for it and specify traffic class
from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
z
If you choose ToS as QCE Type, you have to specify priority class from Low, Normal,
Medium and High.
z
If you choose Tag Priority as QCE Type, you have to specify priority class from Low,
Normal, Medium and High.
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Editing a QCE
Click
to modify the settings of an existing QCE on this page.
Moving Up/Down a QCE
Click
and
to move a QCE up and down.
Deleting a QCE
To delete a QCE in the list, simply click
of that one. It will be removed immediately.
3.5.5 Ports Priority
This page allows you to configure QoS settings for each port. The classification is controlled
by a QCL (Quality Control List) that is assigned to each port. A QCL consists of an ordered
list of up to 12 QCEs (Quality Control Entry). Each QCE can be used to classify certain
frames to a specific QoS class. This classification can be based on parameters such as VLAN
ID, UDP/TCP port, IPv4/IPv6 DSCP or Tag Priority. Frames not matching any of the QCEs
are classified to the default QoS class for the port.
Port
Indicate the interface for DSL port.
Default Class
Use the drop down list to choose the priority for each port.
QCL
Use the drop down list to choose the QCL number defined in
QoS Control List for the port.
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Queuing Mode
Use the drop down list to choose suitable mode.
Queue Weighted
Use the drop down list to choose 1, 2, 4, or 8 as the queue
weighted number.
3.5.6 QoS Statistics
This page displays statistics for QoS setting. Click WAN/LAN link to check detailed
information for each interface.
Click WAN/LAN link to check detailed information for each interface.
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Rx Packets
Display the counting number of the packet received.
Rx Octets
Display the total received bytes.
Rx Unicast
Display the counting number of the received unicast packet.
Rx Broadcast
Display the counting number of the received broadcast packet.
Rx Pause
Display the counting number of the received pause packet.
RX 64 Bytes
Display the number of 64-byte frames in good and bad packets
received.
RX 65-127 Bytes
Display the number of 65 ~ 127-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 128-255 Bytes
Display the number of 128 ~ 255-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 256-511 Bytes
Display the number of 256 ~ 511-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 512-1023 Bytes
Display the number of 512 ~ 1023-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 1024- 1526 Bytes
Display the number of 1024-1522-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 1527 Bytes
Display the number of 1527-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
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Rx Low
Display the low queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Normal
Display the normal queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Medium
Display the medium queue counter of the packet received.
Rx High
Display the high queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Drops
Display the number of frames dropped due to the lack of
receiving buffer.
Rx CRC/Alignment
Display the number of Alignment errors packets received.
Rx Undersize
Display the number of short frames (<64 Bytes) with valid
CRC.
Rx Oversize
Display the number of long frames (according to max_length
register) with valid CRC.
Rx Fragments
Display the number of short frames (< 64 bytes) with invalid
CRC.
Rx Jabber
Display the number of long frames (according tomax_length
register) with invalid CRC.
Rx Filtered
Display the filtered number of the packet received.
Tx Packets
Display the counting number of the packet transmitted.
Tx Octets
Display the total transmitted bytes.
Tx Unicast
Display the show the counting number of the transmitted
unicast packet.
Tx Multicast
Display the show the counting number of the transmitted
multicast packet.
Tx Broadcast
Display the counting number of the transmitted broadcast
packet.
Tx Pause
Show the counting number of the transmitted pause packet.
Tx 64 Bytes
Display the number of 64-byte frames in good and bad packets
transmitted.
Tx 65-127 Bytes
Display the number of 65 ~ 127-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 128-255 Bytes
Display the number of 128 ~ 255-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 256-511 Bytes
Display the number of 256 ~ 511-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 512-1023 Bytes
Display the number of 512 ~ 1023-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 1024- 1526 Bytes
Display the number of 1024 ~ 1522-byt frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 1527 Bytes:
Display the number of 1527-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx Low
Display the low queue counter of the packet transmitted.
Tx Normal
Display the normal queue counter of the packet transmitted.
Tx Medium
Display the medium queue counter of the packet received.
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Tx High
Display the high queue counter of the packet received.
Tx Drops
Display the number of frames dropped due to excessive
collision, late collision, or frame aging.
Tx lat/Exc.Coll.
Display the number of Frames late collision or excessive
collision Error, which switch transmitted
3.6 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
3.6.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to three accounts from three different DDNS
service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services supplied by
most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org, www.no-ip.com,
www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com. You should visit
their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
Enable Dynamic DNS
Check this box to enable the current account.
DynDNS Service
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
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Hostname
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use the
drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Username
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Check IP change every
Set the interval for checking the information.
Force IP update every
Force the router updates its information to DDNS server with
the interval set here.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
3.6.2 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in real time clock which can update itself manually or
automatically by means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only
schedule the router to dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet access
to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say,
business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the router. There is another way to set up
time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the router’s
clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built up.
You can set up to 15 schedules. To add a schedule profile, please click Add.
Enable
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Action
Specify which action should be applied during the period of the
schedule.
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WAN UP/DOWN – WAN connection will be activated /
inactivated based on the time schedule configured here.
VPN UP/DOWN - VPN connection will be activated /
inactivated based on the time schedule configured here.
Acts
Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Routine -Specify which days in one week should perform the
schedule.
Weekday
If you choose Routine as Acts, please specify the weekday(s)
to perform the schedule.
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3.6.3 IGMP
IGMP snooping means multicast traffic will be forwarded to ports that have members of that
group. If you disable IGMP snooping, the system will make multicast traffic treated in the
same manner as broadcast traffic.
Enable IGMP Proxy
Check the box to enable this function. The IGMP proxy can act
as a multicast proxy for hosts on LAN sides. If you enable such
function, you can access any multicast group whenever you
want.
Snooping Enabled
Check the box to enable this function.
Unregistered IPMC…
Check the box to enable unregistered IPMC traffic flooding.
Fast Leave
Check the box to Fast Leave on the LAN port.
3.6.4 IGMP Status
This page display current IGMP snooping status.
V1~3 Reports Receive
Display the number of Received V1 – V3 Reports.
V2 Leave Receive
Display the number of Received V2 Leave.
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Groups
Display current IGMP groups. Maximum number of group
for each VLAN can be set is 128.
Port Members
Display the LAN ports in this group.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the page immediately.
Clear
Click this button to clear the settings on this page.
3.6.5 UPnP Configuration
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT routers,
the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables applications inside
the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through a router. It is more
reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to be opened. Further,
the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ. UPnP is available on
Windows XP and the router provide the associated support for MSN Messenger to allow full
use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Enable UPNP
Enable UPnP function. You have to type the download and
upload speed.
After setting Enable UPNP Service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on Router
on Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and control status
will be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the multimedia features of
your applications to operate. This has to manually set up port mappings or use other similar
methods. The screenshots below show examples of this facility.
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The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP address
and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards packets from
the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some network
ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You should
consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
¾ Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
3.6.6 Wake On LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake up
a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified PC
on this web page of Wake On LAN of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
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Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the binded IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the correct
MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If you choose
Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the correct IP address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in LAN>>Bind IP
to MAC will be shown in this drop down list. Choose the IP
address from the drop down list that you want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the bind PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the following
figure. The result will be shown on the box.
3.7 Wireless LAN
This function is used for “n” models.
3.7.1 Basic Concepts
Over recent years, the market for wireless communications has enjoyed tremendous growth.
Wireless technology now reaches or is capable of reaching virtually every location on the
surface of the earth. Hundreds of millions of people exchange information every day via
wireless communication products. The Vigor “n” model, a.k.a. Vigor wireless router, is
designed for maximum flexibility and efficiency of a small office/home. Any authorized staff
can bring a built-in WLAN client PDA or notebook into a meeting room for conference
without laying a clot of LAN cable or drilling holes everywhere. Wireless LAN enables high
mobility so WLAN users can simultaneously access all LAN facilities just like on a wired
LAN as well as Internet access
The Vigor wireless routers are equipped with a wireless LAN interface compliant with the
standard IEEE 802.11n draft 2 protocol. To boost its performance further, the Vigor Router is
also loaded with advanced wireless technology to lift up data rate up to 300 Mbps*. Hence,
you can finally smoothly enjoy stream music and video.
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Note: * The actual data throughput will vary according to the network conditions and
environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, network overhead and
building materials.
In an Infrastructure Mode of wireless network, Vigor wireless router plays a role as an Access
Point (AP) connecting to lots of wireless clients or Stations (STA). All the STAs will share the
same Internet connection via Vigor wireless router. The General Settings will set up the
information of this wireless network, including its SSID as identification, located channel etc.
Security Overview
Real-time Hardware Encryption: Vigor Router is equipped with a hardware AES encryption
engine so it can apply the highest protection to your data without influencing user experience.
Complete Security Standard Selection: To ensure the security and privacy of your wireless
communication, we provide several prevailing standards on market.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a legacy method to encrypt each frame transmitted via
radio using either a 64-bit or 128-bit key. Usually access point will preset a set of four keys
and it will communicate with each station using only one out of the four keys.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), the most dominating security mechanism in industry, is
separated into two categories: WPA-personal or called WPA Pre-Share Key (WPA/PSK), and
WPA-Enterprise or called WPA/802.1x.
In WPA-Personal, a pre-defined key is used for encryption during data transmission. WPA
applies Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption while WPA2 applies AES.
The WPA-Enterprise combines not only encryption but also authentication.
Since WEP has been proved vulnerable, you may consider using WPA for the most secure
connection. You should select the appropriate security mechanism according to your needs.
No matter which security suite you select, they all will enhance the over-the-air data
protection and /or privacy on your wireless network. The Vigor wireless router is very flexible
and can support multiple secure connections with both WEP and WPA at the same time.
Below shows the menu items for Wireless LAN.
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3.7.2 General Setup
By clicking the General Setup, a new web page will appear so that you could configure the
SSIDs and the wireless channel.
Please refer to the following figure for more information.
Enable Wireless LAN
Check the box to enable the wireless function.
Show/Hide
Choose Show to make the SSID being seen by wireless clients.
Choose Hide to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your wireless
LAN.
SSID
It means the identification of the wireless LAN. SSID can be
any text numbers or various special characters. The default
SSID is "DrayTek". We suggest you to change it.
Isolate Member
Check this box to make the wireless clients (stations) with
the same SSID not accessing for each other.
Wireless Mode
Choose the wireless mode for this router.
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In which, the transmission rate for 11a can reach 5G; for
11b/11g can reach 2.4G.
Channel
It means the channel of frequency of the wireless LAN. The
default channel is 11. You may switch channel if the selected
channel is under serious interference. If you have no idea of
choosing the frequency, please select Auto to let system
determine for you.
Channel setting will be changed according to the wireless mode
selected.
Extension Channel
Such channel will be brought out automatically when you
determine the Channel selection.
It can help to extend the bandwidth for wireless connection.
Such value can be modified manual. However, do not set the
same value with Channel.
Tx Power
Set the power percentage for transmission signal of access point.
The greater the value is, the higher intensity of the signal will
be.
Enable Green AP
Such function is used to reduce the power consumption (Green
AP) for the access point. When there is no station connected,
the power consumption of access point will be reduced.
Encryption
Select an appropriate encryption mode to improve the security
and privacy of your wireless data packets.
Each encryption mode will bring out different web page and ask
you to offer additional configuration.
Wireless Security Configuration
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For the security of your system, choose the proper encryption for data transmission. Different
encryption mode will bring out different setting encryption ways.
z
None
The encryption mechanism is turned off.
z
WEP
Accepts only WEP clients and the encryption key should be entered in WEP Key.
z
Default Key
All wireless devices must support the same WEP
encryption bit size and have the same key.
Key1-Key4
Four keys can be entered here, but only one key can be
selected at a time. The format of WEP Key is restricted to
5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal values in 64-bit
encryption level, or restricted to 13 ASCII characters or 26
hexadecimal values in 128-bit encryption level. The
allowed content is the ASCII characters from 33(!) to
126(~) except '#' and ',' .
Authentication Mode
Choose OPEN or SHARED as the authentication mode.
OPEN: Set wireless to authentication open mode.
SHARED: Set wireless to authentication shared mode.
WPA-PSK
Accepts only WPA clients and the encryption key should be entered in PSK. The WPA
encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio using the key, which either PSK
(Pre-Shared Key) entered manually in this field below or automatically negotiated via
802.1x authentication.
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z
WPA Mode
Select WPA, WPA2 or Auto as the type.
WPA Algorithm
Select TKIP, AES or auto as the algorithm for WPA.
WPA Pre-Shared Key
Either 8~63 ASCII characters, such as 012345678..(or 64
Hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as
"0x321253abcde...").
WPA-RADIUS
The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist the remote dial-in user or
a wireless station and the RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables
centralized remote access authentication for network management.
Type
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio
using the key, which either PSK (Pre-Shared Key) entered
manually in this field below or automatically negotiated
via 802.1x authentication. Select WPA, WPA2 or Auto as
WPA mode.
WPA Algorithm
Choose the WPA algorithm, TKIP, AES or Auto.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server.
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using.
The default value is 1812, based on RFC 2138.
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Shared Secret
z
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used
to authenticate the messages sent between them. Both
sides must be configured to use the same shared secret.
WPS
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) provides easy procedure to make network connection
between wireless station and wireless access point (vigor router) with the encryption
of WPA and WPA2.
Configure via Push Button Click Start PBC to invoke Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. The router will wait for WPS requests from
wireless clients about two minutes. The WPS LED on the
router will blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will
return to normal condition after two minutes. (You need to
setup WPS within two minutes)
Configure via Client PinCode Type the PIN code specified in wireless client you
wish to connect, and click Start PIN button. The WLAN
LED on the router will blink fast when WPS is in progress.
It will return to normal condition after two minutes. (You
need to setup WPS within two minutes
It is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and vigor
router. Users do not need to select any encryption mode and type any long encryption
passphrase to setup a wireless client every time. He/she only needs to press a button on
wireless client, and WPS will connect for client and router automatically.
Note: Such function is available for the wireless station with WPS supported.
There are two methods to do network connection through WPS between AP and Stations:
pressing the Start PBC button or using PIN Code.
On the side of Vigor 2750 series which served as an AP, press WPS button once on the
front panel of the router or click Start PBC on web configuration interface. On the side
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of a station with network card installed, press Start PBC button of network card.
If you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code specified in wireless client.
Then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to the vigor router.
3.7.3 Access Control
For additional security of wireless access, the Access Control facility allows you to restrict
the network access right by controlling the wireless LAN MAC address of client. Only the
valid MAC address that has been configured can access the wireless LAN interface. By
clicking the Access Control, a new web page will appear, as depicted below, so that you
could edit the clients' MAC addresses to control their access rights (deny or allow).
Filter Type
Choose the rule for the MAC addresses displayed in this
page.
Allow List – all the MAC address of wireless clients listed
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here are allowed to do wireless connection.
Deny List – all the MAC address of wireless clients listed
here will be blocked.
Add a New Entry
Add a new MAC address into the list.
Delete
Delete the selected MAC address in the list. This button
will appear only an entry of MAC Address has been typed.
Cancel
Give up the configuration.
OK
Click it to save the configuration.
3.7.4 Station List
Station List provides the knowledge of connecting wireless clients now along with its status
code.
Index
Display the number of the connecting client.
IP Address
Display the WAN IP address for the connecting client.
MAC Address
Display the MAC Address for the connecting client.
Connected Time
Display the connection time for the connecting client.
SSID
Display the SSID that the station(s) connected through.
Auto-refresh
Check this box to force the system refreshing the table
automatically.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh current page.
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3.7.5 Access Point Discovery
Vigor router can scan all regulatory channels and find working APs in the neighborhood.
Based on the scanning result, users will know which channel is clean for usage. Also, it can be
used to facilitate finding an AP for a WDS link.
This page is used to scan the existence of the APs on the wireless LAN. Please click Scan to
discover all the connected APs.
Note: During the scanning process (about 5 seconds), no client is allowed to connect to
Vigor.
CH
Display the channel for the scanned AP.
SSID
Display the SSID of the scanned AP.
BSSID
Display the MAC address of the scanned AP.
Security
Display the encryption type of the scanned AP.
Signal
Display the strength (in percentage) of the signal of the
scanned AP.
Scan
It is used to discover all the connected AP. The results will
be shown on the box above this button.
If you want the found AP applying the WDS settings, please type in the AP’s MAC address on
the bottom of the page and click Bridge or Repeater. Next, click Add to. Later, the MAC
address of the AP will be added on WDS settings page.
3.7.6 WMM Configuration
WMM is an abbreviation of Wi-Fi Multimedia. It defines the priority levels for four access
categories derived from 802.1d (prioritization tabs). The categories are designed with specific
types of traffic, voice, video, best effort and low priority data. There are four accessing
categories - AC_BE , AC_BK, AC_VI and AC_VO for WMM.
APSD (automatic power-save delivery) is an enhancement over the power-save mechanisms
supported by Wi-Fi networks. It allows devices to take more time in sleeping state and
consume less power to improve the performance by minimizing transmission latency.
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WMM Capable
To apply WMM parameters for wireless data transmission,
please click the Enable radio button.
APSD Capable
The default setting is Disable.
Aifsn
It controls how long the client waits for each data
transmission. Please specify the value ranging from 1 to 15.
Such parameter will influence the time delay for WMM
accessing categories. For the service of voice or video
image, please set small value for AC_VI and AC_VO
categories For the service of e-mail or web browsing,
please set large value for AC_BE and AC_BK categories.
CWMin/CWMax
CWMin means contention Window-Min and CWMax
means contention Window-Max. Please specify the value
ranging from 1 to 15. Be aware that CWMax value must be
greater than CWMin or equals to CWMin value. Both
values will influence the time delay for WMM accessing
categories. The difference between AC_VI and AC_VO
categories must be smaller; however, the difference
between AC_BE and AC_BK categories must be greater.
Txop
It means transmission opportunity. For WMM categories
of AC_VI and AC_VO that need higher priorities in data
transmission, please set greater value for them to get
highest transmission opportunity. Specify the value
ranging from 0 to 65535.
ACM
It is an abbreviation of Admission control Mandatory. It
can restrict stations from using specific category class if it
is checked.
Note: Vigor2750 provides standard WMM configuration
in the web page. If you want to modify the parameters,
please refer to the Wi-Fi WMM standard specification.
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AckPolicy
“Uncheck” (default value) the box means the AP router
will answer the response request while transmitting WMM
packets through wireless connection. It can assure that the
peer must receive the WMM packets.
“Check” the box means the AP router will not answer any
response request for the transmitting packets. It will have
better performance with lower reliability.
3.7.7 WDS
WDS means Wireless Distribution System. It is a protocol for connecting two access points
(AP) wirelessly. Usually, it can be used for the following application:
y
y
Provide bridge traffic between two LANs through the air.
Extend the coverage range of a WLAN.
To meet the above requirement, two WDS modes are implemented in Vigor router. One is
Bridge, the other is Repeater. Below shows the function of WDS-bridge interface:
The application for the WDS-Repeater mode is depicted as below:
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In Bridge mode, the router will connect to up to four Vigor2750 which use the same mode,
and all wired Ethernet clients of every Vigor2750 will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to other networks which is physically isolated. Please note that
when you set to this mode, Vigor2750 will not accept regular wireless clients anymore.
In Repeater mode, the router will connect to up to four Vigor2750 which use the same mode,
and all wired Ethernet clients of every Vigor2750 will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to other networks which is physically isolated. When you use this
mode, this access point is still able to accept wireless clients.
Click WDS from Wireless LAN menu. The following page will be shown.
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Choose the mode for WDS setting. Disable mode will not
invoke any WDS setting. Bridge Mode is designed to
fulfill the first type of application. Repeater Mode is for
the second one.
89
Security
There are four types for security, Disabled, WEP, TKIP
and Key or Peer Mac Address field valid or not. Choose
one of the types for the router. Please disable the unused
link to get better performance.
Key
Type 8 ~ 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits
leading by “0x”.
Peer Mac Address
Four peer MAC addresses are allowed to be entered in this
page at one time.
Phy Mode
There are three types of transmission rates developed by
different techniques for Phy Mode. Data will be transmitted
via communication channel.
CCK – If 802.11b wireless mode is used, please choose
such type as the Phy Mode.
OFDM – If 802.11g wireless mode is used, please choose
such type as the Phy Mode.
HTMIX – If 802.11b/g/n wireless mode is used, please
choose such type as the Phy Mode.
Both clients (local and remote) must use the same Phy
Mode to have the same transmission rate.
OK
Click this button to save the configuration.
3.8 USB Application
USB diskette can be regarded as an FTP server. By way of Vigor router, users on LAN/WAN
can access, write and read data stored in USB diskette. After setting the configuration in USB
Application, you can type the IP address of the Vigor router and username/password created
in User>>User Configuration on the FTP client software. Thus, the client can use the FTP
site (USB diskette) through Vigor router.
3.8.1 USB General Settings
At present, the Vigor router can support USB diskette with versions of FAT16 and FAT32
only. Therefore, before connecting the USB diskette into the Vigor router, please make sure
the memory format for the USB diskette is FAT16 or FAT32. It is recommended for you to
use FAT32 for viewing the filename completely (FAT16 cannot support long filename).
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Enable FTP
Check this box to enable FTP connection.
Enable Disk Sharing
Check this box to enable Samba file sharing.
Workgroup Name
Type the name for FTP users for accessing into FTP server
(USB diskette). Be aware that users cannot access into USB
diskette in anonymity. Later, you can open FTP client software
and type the username specified here for accessing into USB
storage diskette.
3.8.2 FTP User Management
This page allows you to change user setting for USB storage disk. Before modifying settings
in this page, please insert a USB diskette and configure settings in User>>User
Configuration first. Otherwise, an error message will appear to warn you.
Click the name link under User Name to open the setting web page.
User Name
It displays the username that user uses to login to the FTP
server.
Volume
Select the proper volume for the connected USB diskette.
Home Folder
It determines the range for the client to access into.
The user can enter a directory name in this field. Then, after
clicking OK, the router will create the specific/new folder in the
USB diskette. In addition, if the user types “/” here, he/she can
access into all of the disk folders and files in USB diskette.
Note: When write protect status for the USB diskette is ON,
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you cannot type any new folder name in this field. Only “/” can
be used in such case.
Access Rule
Select the access right for the USB diskette.
When you finish the settings, simply click OK to save the configuration.
3.8.3 Disk Status
This page can display current using status of the USB diskette. If you want to remove the
diskette from USB port in router, please check the box of Safely Remove Disk first. And then,
remove the USB diskette later.
Safely Remove Disk
Check this box and then you can remove the USB diskette
safely.
Manufacturer
Display the manufacturer of the disk.
Model
Display the type of the disk.
Size
Display the storage space of the diskette(s).
Free Capacity
Display the free disk space of the diskette(s).
Status
Display current usage status of the diskette(s)
Update
Click this button to refresh the disk status.
3.8.4 Disk Shares
This page can define the folder which will be shared while Samba File Sharing is enabled.
To add a new entry for disk sharing, please click Add a New Entry to open the following
page.
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Share Name
Type a name to be used as shared folder name in Samba service.
The name must not contain spaces or special characters.
Comment
Type the brief description for the disk sharing. The words here
will be seen in Network Neighborhood on Windows client
computers
Volume
Select the proper volume for the connected USB diskette.
Path
It determines the range for the client to access into.
The user can enter a directory name in this field. Then, after
clicking OK, the router will create the specific/new folder in the
USB diskette. In addition, if the user types “/” here, he/she can
access into all of the disk folders and files in USB diskette.
Note: When write protect status for the USB diskette is ON,
you cannot type any new folder name in this field. Only “/” can
be used in such case.
Visible
Check this box to make the shared folder to be seen in Network
Neighborhood on Windows of clients in local network.
Access Rights
Specify the access right and apply to all the wireless clients that
want to connect to the attached USB diskette.
All Users Read-only - everyone has read-only access to the
share disk.
All Users Read-write - everyone has read-write access to the
share disk.
Specific Users – Only specific user(s) can access into the share
disk.
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3.9 IPv6
3.9.1 IPv6 WAN Setup
This page defines the IPv6 connection types for WAN interface. Possible types contain
Link-Local only, Static IPv6, DHCPv6 and TSPC. Each type requires different parameter
settings.
Link-Local Only
Link-Local address is used for communicating with neighbouring nodes on the same link. It is
defined by the address prefix fe80::/10. You don't need to setup Link-Local address manually
for it is generated automatically according to your MAC Address.
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IPv6 Address
The least significant 64 bits are usually chosen as the interface
hardware address constructed in modified EUI-64 format.
Prefix Length
Display the fixed value (64) for prefix length.
Static IPv6
This type allows you to setup static IPv6 address for WAN.
IPv6 Address
Type your IPv6 static IP here.
Prefix Length
Type your IPv6 address prefix length here.
Gateway IPv6 Server
Type your IPv6 gateway address here.
Primary DNS Server
Type your IPv6 primary DNS Server address here.
Secondary DNS Server
Type your IPv6 secondary DNS Server address here.
DHCPv6 Client (IA_NA)
DHCPv6 client mode would use IA_NA option of DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 address
from server.
Primary DNS Server
Type primary DNS Server address here.
Secondary DNS Server
Type secondary DNS Server address here
DHCPv6 Client (IA_PD)
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DHCPv6 client mode would use IA_PA option of DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 prefix
from server.
TSPC
Tunnel setup protocol client (TSPC) is an application which could help you to connect to IPv6
network easily.
Please make sure your IPv4 WAN connection is OK and apply one free account from hexage
(http://go6.net/4105/register.asp) before you try to use TSPC for network connection. TSPC
would connect to tunnel broker and requests a tunnel according to the specifications inside the
configuration file. It gets a public IPv6 IP address and an IPv6 prefix from the tunnel broker
and then monitors the state of the tunnel in background.
After getting the IPv6 prefix and starting router advertisement daemon (RADVD), the PC
behind this router can directly connect to IPv6 the Internet.
Username
Type the name obtained from the broker. “vigor2750” is a
default username applied from
http://go6.net/4105/register.asp. It is suggested for you to
apply another username and password.
Password
Type the password assigned with the user name.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make the confirmation.
Tunnel Broker
Type the address for the tunnel broker IP, FQDN or an
optional port number.
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Tunnel Mode
IPv6-in-IPv4 Tunnel- Let the broker choose the tunnel
mode appropriate for the client.
IPv6-in-IPv4 (Native) - Request an IPv6 in IPv4 tunnel.
IPv6-in-IPv4 (NAT Traversal - Request an IPv6 in UDP
of IPv4 tunnel (for clients behind a NAT).
Auto-reconnect Delay
After passing the time set here, the client will retry to
connect in case of failure or keepalive timeout.
0 means not retry.
Keepalive
Yes – Keep the connection between TSPC and tunnel
broker always on. TSPC will send ping packet to make
sure the connection between both ends is normal.
No - The client will not send keepalives.
Keepalive_interval
Type the time for the interval between two keepalive
messages transferring from the client to the broker.
Prefixlen
Type the required prefix length for the client network.
If_prefix
Display LAN interface name. The name of the OS
interface that will be configured with the first 64 of the
received prefix from the broker and the router
advertisement daemon is started to advertise that prefix on
the if_prefix interface.
3.9.2 IPv6 LAN Setup
This page defines the IPv6 connection types for LAN interface. Possible types contain
DHCPv6 and RADVD. Each type requires different parameter settings.
IPv6 Address
Type static IPv6 address for LAN.
IPv6 Link_local Address
It is used for communicating with neighbouring nodes on
the same link. It is defined by the address prefix fe80::/10.
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You don't need to setup Link-Local address manually for it
is generated automatically according to your MAC
Address.
Enable Autoconfiguration
Check this box to enable the auto-configuration function
for IPv6 connection.
Configuration Type
Vigor2750 provides 2 daemons for LAN side IPv6 address
configuration. One is RADVD(stateless) and the other is
DHCPv6 Server (Stateful).
DHCPv6 Server - DHCPv6 Server could assign IPv6
address to PC according to the Start/End IPv6 address
configuration.
IPv6 Start Address/IPv6 End Address- Type the start and
end address for IPv6 server.
RADVD - The router advertisement daemon (radvd) sends
Router Advertisement messages, specified by RFC 2461,
to a local Ethernet LAN periodically and when requested
by a node sending a Router Solicitation message. These
messages are required for IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration.
Advertisement Lifetime - The lifetime associated with
the default router in units of seconds. It's used to control
the lifetime of the prefix. The maximum value corresponds
to 18.2 hours. A lifetime of 0 indicates that the router is not
a default router and should not appear on the default router
list.
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3.9.3 IPv6 Firewall Setup
This page allows users to set firewall for the packets transferred via the protocol of IPv6.
Note: Section 4.4 Firewall is configured for IPv4 packets only.
Name
Display the name of the rule.
Protocol
Display the protocol (TCP/UDP/ICMPv6) the rule uses.
Source IP
Display the source IP address of such rule.
Destination IP
Display the destination IP address of such rule.
Source Port
Display the source port number of such rule.
Destination Port
Display the destination port number of such rule.
Action
Display the status (accept or drop) of such rule.
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Adding a New Rule
Click Add New Rule to configure a new rule for IPv6 Firewall.
Note: You can set up to 20 sets of IPv6 rules.
Name
Type a name for the rule.
Protocol
Specify a protocol for this rule.
Source IP Type
Determine the IP type as the source.
Source IP
Type the IP address here if you choose Single as Source
IP Type.
Source Subnet
Type the subnet mask here if you choose Subnet as
Source IP Type.
Destination IP Type
Determine the IP type as the destination.
Destination IP
Type the IP address here if you choose Single as
Destination IP Type.
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Destination Subnet
Type the subnet mask here if you choose Subnet as
Destination IP Type.
Source Start Port
Type a value as the source start port. Such value will be
available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Source End Port (optional)
Type a value as the source end port. Such value will be
available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Destination Start Port
Type a value as the destination start port. Such value will
be available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Destination End Port (optional) Type a value as the destination end port. Such value will be
available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Action
Set the action that the router will perform for the packets
through the protocol of IPv6.
Accept – If the IPv6 packets fit the condition listed in this
page, the router will let it pass through.
Drop - If the IPv6 packets fit the condition listed in this
page, the router will block it.
3.9.4 IPv6 Routing
This page displays the routing table for the protocol of IPv6.
Device
Display the interface name (eth0, eth1, fp, etc..)that used to
transfer packets with addresses matching the prefix.
Prefix
The IPv6 address prefix.
Metric
Display the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
It is not used by recent kernels, but may be needed by
routing daemons.
Expires
Display the lifetime of the route.
MTU
Display the largest size (in bytes) of a packet.
Advmss
Display the largest size (in bytes) of an unfragmented piece
of a routing advertisement.
Hoplimit
Display the number of network segments on which the
packet is allowed to travel before discarded.
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Auto-refresh
Check this box to enable an automatic refresh of the page
at regular intervals.
3.9.5 IPv6 Neighbour
IPv6 uses neighbor discovery protocol to find out neighbors on the same link.
Device
The interface name of the link where the neighbor is on.
IP Address
The IPv6 address of the neighbor.
MAC Address
The link-layer address of the neighbor.
State
Possible states include:
incomplete - address resolution is in progress.
reachable - neighbor is reachable.
stale – neighbor(s) may be unreachable but not verified
until a packet is sent).
delay - neighbor may be unreachable and a packet was sent.
probe - neighbor may be unreachable and probes are sent
to verify the reachability.
Auto-refresh
Check this box to enable an automatic refresh of the page
at regular intervals.
3.9.6 IPv6 TSPC Status
IPv6 TSPC status web page could help you to diagnose the connection status of TSPC. TSPC
log contains some debug information from program.
If TSPC has not configured properly, the router will display the following page when the user
tries to connect through TSPC connection.
When TSPC configuration has been done, the router will start to connect. The connecting page
will be shown as below:
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When the router detects all the information, the screen will be shown as follows. One set of
TSPC prefix and prefix length will be obtained after the connection between TSPC and
Tunnel broker built.
Connection Status
It will bring out different pages to represent IPv6
disconnection, connecting and connected.
Tunnel Information
Display interface name (used to send TSPC prefix), tunnel
mode, local endpoint addresses, remote endpoint address,
TSPC Prfix, TSPC Prefixlen (prefix length), tunnel broker
and so on.
Tunnel Status
Disconnected - The remote client doesn't connect to the
tunnel server.
Connecting - The remote client is connecting to the tunnel
server.
Connected – The remote client has been connected to the
tunnel server.
Activity
Sent - sent to the tunnel (RX bytes).
Received - received from the tunnel (RX bytes).
When the router connects to the tunnel broker, the router will use RADVD to transmit the
prefix to the PC on LAN. Next, the PC will generate one set of IPv6 public IP (see the figure
below). Users can use such IP for connecting to IPv6 network.
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When your PC obtains the IPv6 address, please connect to http://www.ipv6.org. If your PC
access Internet via IPv6 connection, your IPv6 address will be shown on the web page
immediately. Refer to the following figure.
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3.9.7 IPv6 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for IPv6 access control including settings of
HTTP, HTTPs, SSH, FTP and TELNET by using IPv6 protocol. Check the box and type the
port number respectively to enable the remote management of services.
Enable
HTTP/HTTPS/SSH/ICMP
Ping/FTP/TELNET
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Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the router
from Internet. Check the box(es) to specify.
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3.10 User
3.10.1 User Configuration
This page allows you to set user’s setting that allowed to use PPTP, FTP, IPSEC/L2TP
connection.
Adding a New User
Click Add a New User to open the following page.
Username
Type a name for this user.
Full Name
Type full name for this user.
Password
Type the password for this user.
Password (again)
Type the password again for confirmation.
Allow Disk Sharing
Check this box to enable Samba file sharing.
Allow IPSEC/L2TP
Check this box to let the user connect via IPSEC/L2TP.
Allow PPTP
Check this box to let the user connect via PPTP.
Allow FTP
Check this box to let the user connect to FTP server.
When you finish the settings, simply click OK to save the configuration. The new user will be
created and displayed on the page.
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Editing/Deleting User Settings
To edit a user, click the name link under Username to open the following page. Modify the
settings except Username and then click OK to save and exit it. If you want to remove such
user settings, simply click Delete User.
3.11 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, TR-069, User Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog/Mail Alert, Time and Date,
Management, Reboot System and Firmware Upgrade.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
3.11.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and
WAN, system, wireless, USB interface information and so on. Also, you could get the current
running firmware version or firmware related information from this presentation.
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Model Name
Display the model name of the router.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the router.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
System Date
Display current time and date for the system server.
System Uptime
Display the connection time for the system server.
System------CPU Usage
Display the percentage of the CPU usage of your system.
Memory Usage
Display the size of the memory usage and the percentage.
LAN------MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
IP Mask
Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
IPv6 Address (Global)
Display the global IPv6 address of the LAN interface.
IPv6 Address (Link)
Display the link local IPv6 address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
Display if the DHCP server is active or not.
WAN------Connection Mode
Display current connection type used.
Link Status
Display the connection status.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
IP Mask
Display the subnet mask address of the WAN interface.
IPv6 Address (Link)
Display the IPv6 address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Display the gateway address of the WAN interface.
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Primary DNS
Display the specified primary DNS setting.
Secondary DNS
Display the specified secondary DNS setting.
Wireless LAN------MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the wireless LAN.
Device Type
Display the device type used for wireless LAN.
SSID
Display the SSID of the router.
Channel
Display the channel that wireless LAN used.
Manufacturer
Display the manufacturer of the disk.
Model
Display the model of the disk.
Size
Display the storage size of the USB diskette.
Status
Display current status of the USB diskette.
3.11.2 TR-069
Vigor router with TR-069 is available for matching with VigorACS server. Such page
provides VigorACS and CPE settings under TR-069 protocol. All the settings configured here
is for CPE to be controlled and managed with VigorACS server. Users need to type URL,
username and password for the VigorACS server that such device will be connected. However
URL, username and password under CPE client are fixed that users cannot change it. The
default CPE username and password are "vigor" and "password". You will need it when you
configure VigorACS server.
ACS Settings
Such data must be typed according to the ACS (Auto
Configuration Server) you want to link. Please refer
to VigorACS user’s manual for detailed information.
URL - Type the URL for VigorACS server.
If the connected CPE needs to be authenticated, please
set URL as the following and type username and
password for VigorACS server:
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http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/ACSServlet
If the connected CPE does not need to be authenticated
please set URL as the following:
http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/UnAuthACSServ
let
Username/Password - Type username and password for
ACS Server for authentication. For example, if you want
to use such CPE with VigorACS, you can type as the
following:
Username: acs
Password: password
CPE Settings
Such information is useful for Auto Configuration
Server.
Check /Uncheck Enable – Allow/Deny the CPE
Client to connect with Auto Configuration Server.
Port – Sometimes, port conflict might be occurred.
To solve such problem, you might change port
number for CPE.
Periodic Inform Settings
Uncheck Enable – The system will not send inform
message to ACS server.
Check Enable – The system will send inform message to
ACS server periodically (with the time set in the box of
interval time).
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval time or
schedule time for the router to send notification to CPE.
Or click Disable to close the mechanism of notification.
3.11.3 User Password
This page allows you to set new password for user operation.
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is blank.
New Password
Type in new password in this filed.
Confirm New Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the web configurator again.
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3.11.4 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Type a key arbitrarily for encrypting the file. Keep the key in mind. You will need it
whenever you want to restore such file. Click Backup button to get into the following
dialog. Click Save button to open another dialog for saving configuration as a file.
3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name by
yourself.
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4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the router.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that the
restoration procedure is successful.
Note: If the file you want to restore has been encrypted, you will be asked to type the
encrypted key before clicking Restore.
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3.11.5 Syslog / Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get into
the Web Configurator of the router or borrow debug equipments.
Enable (Syslog Access…)
Check the box to activate function of syslog.
Router Name
Type a name of this device.
Server IP Address
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port
Type a port for the Syslog protocol.
Log Level
Choose the severity level for the system log entry.
User access log
Check this box to record the user MAC address, the access
IP address and the access port.
Enable (Mail Alert…)
Check the box to activate function of mail alert.
Send a test e-mail
Make a simple test for the e-mail address specified in this
page. Please assign the mail address first and click this
button to execute a test for verify the mail address is
available or not.
SMTP Server
The IP address of the SMTP server.
Mail To
Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Mail From
Assign a path for receiving the mail from outside.
User Name
Type the user name for authentication.
Password
Type the password for authentication.
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Enable E-mail Alert
Check the box of User Login to send alert message to the
e-mail box while the router detecting the item(s) you
specify here.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Router Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on the
Router Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the router you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the router.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the router.
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3.11.6 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Add NTP server
Click the button to add a new NTP server.
Delete
Click this button to remove an NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.11.7 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for access control, access list, port setup, and
SMP setup. For example, as to management access control, the port number is used to
send/receive SIP message for building a session. The default value is 5060 and this must
match with the peer Registrar when making VoIP calls.
Enable
HTTP/HTTPS/SSH/ICMP
Ping/FTP/TELNET
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the router
from Internet. Check the box(es) to specify.
Enable SNMP
Check it to enable such service.
Manager Host IP – Set one host as the manager to
execute SNMP function. Type the IP address to specify
the certain host.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list.
A maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
router.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login
to the router.
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3.11.8 Reboot System
The Web Configurator may be used to restart your router for using current configuration.
Click Reboot System from System Maintenance to open the following page.
Click OK. The router will take 5 seconds to reboot the system.
Note: When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web settings,
please click OK to reboot your router for ensuring normal operation and preventing
unexpected errors of the router in the future.
3.11.9 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you to upgrade
firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows OS
(Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site is
www.draytek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.draytek.com.
Click Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click Browse.. to locate the newest firmware and click Upgrade. During the process of
upgrade, do not turn off your router.
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This page is left blank.
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4
Admin Mode Operation
This chapter will guide users to execute advanced (full) configuration through admin mode
operation.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The window will ask for
typing username and password.
2.
Please type “admin/admin” on Username/Password for administration operation.
Now, the Main Screen will appear. Be aware that “Admin mode” will be displayed on the
bottom left side.
4.1 VDSL
This menu allows you to check VDSL status and configure VDSL settings for you request.
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4.1.1 VDSL Status
This page displays the VDSL information for such router such as current connection status,
the firmware version of such router, the profile used by such VDSL2 line, the rates for
upstream and downstream, and so on.
4.1.2 VDSL Setup
This page allows you to set VDSL2 profile and G.hs Carrier Set.
VDSL2 Profile
Check the profiles that the router will support. Each profile
can be used in different VDSL deployment architectures.
The working profile will be decided by CO side.
G.hs Carrier Set
Choose one of the items as the G.hs Carrier Set. Each set
will have different frequency indices and maximum power
level for data in upstream and downstream.
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4.2 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
Internet Access group.
Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under the
management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the NIC
has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In DSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is required
for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
(PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access concentrator or
aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with significant ease of use.
Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service according to user
requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask for
a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated via
PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server, and
other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
Network Connection by 3G USB Modem
For 3G mobile communication through Access Point is popular more and more, Vigor router
adds the function of 3G network connection for such purpose. By connecting 3G USB Modem
to the USB port of Vigor router, it can support HSDPA/UMTS/EDGE/GPRS/GSM and the
future 3G standard (HSUPA, etc). Vigor router with 3G USB Modem allows you to receive
3G signals at any place such as your car or certain location holding outdoor activity and share
the bandwidth for using by more people. Users can use four LAN ports on the router to access
Internet. Also, they can access Internet via wireless function of Vigor router, and enjoy the
powerful firewall, bandwidth management, VPN, VoIP features of Vigor router.
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After connecting into the router, 3G USB Modem will be regarded as the second WAN port.
However, the original DSL WAN still can be used and Load-Balance can be done in the router.
Besides, 3G USB Modem also can be used as backup device. Therefore, when DSL WAN is
not available, the router will use 3.5G for supporting automatically. The supported 3G USB
Modem will be listed on DrayTek web site. Please visit www.draytek.com for more detailed
information.
Below shows the menu items for WAN.
4.2.1 Internet Access
This page allows you to set WAN configuration with different modes. Use the Connection
Type drop down list to choose one of the WAN modes. The corresponding page will be
displayed.
Use the Connection Type drop down list to choose one of the WAN modes. The
corresponding page will be displayed.
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Static IP
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP address
to the WAN interface.
To use Static as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose Static mode from
Connection Type drop down menu. The following web page will be shown.
IP Address
Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address
Type the gateway IP address.
Primary DNS Server
You must specify a DNS server IP address here because your
ISP should provide you with usually more than one DNS Server.
If your ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically
apply default DNS Server IP address: 198.95.1.1 to this field.
Secondary DNS Server
You can specify secondary DNS server IP address here because
your ISP often provides you more than one DNS Server. If your
ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically apply
default secondary DNS Server IP address: 4.2.2.1 to this field.
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Mode
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect. Choose ARP
Detect or Ping Detect for the system to execute for WAN
detection.
Ping IP
If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have to type
IP address in this field for pinging.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
DHCP
DHCP allows a user to obtain an IP address automatically from a DHCP server on the Internet.
If you choose DHCP mode, the DHCP server of your ISP will assign a dynamic IP address for
your router automatically. It is not necessary for you to assign any setting,
Router Name
Type in a name for the router (e.g., Vigor2750). It must be the
same as the name used in Syslog.
Domain Name
Type the domain name (e.g., draytek) to fit the request of some
ISPs.
Mode
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect. Choose ARP
Detect or Ping Detect for the system to execute for WAN
detection.
Ping IP
If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have to type
IP address in this field for pinging.
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Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
PPPoE
To choose PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the internet, please select PPPoE from the
Internet Access menu. The following web page will be shown.
Username
Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password
Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Confirm Password
Type the password again for confirmation.
Redial Policy
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can choose
Always On. Otherwise, choose Connect on Demand.
Idle Time Out
Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after passing
through the time without any action. When you choose Connect
on Demand, you have to type value here.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting is
1442.
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Mode
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect. Choose ARP
Detect or Ping Detect for the system to execute for WAN
detection.
Ping IP
If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have to type
IP address in this field for pinging.
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted
in this page will be invalid.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
PPTP/L2TP
To use PPTP/L2TP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose PPTP/L2TP from
Connection Type drop down menu. The following web page will be shown.
Username
Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password
Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Server Address
Type in the IP address for PPTP /L2TP server.
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WAN IP Network Settings You can choose Static IP or DHCP as WAN IP network setting.
IP Address
Type the IP address if you choose Static IP as the WAN IP
network setting.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if you chose Static IP as the WAN IP.
Primary DNS Server
You must specify a DNS server IP address here because your
ISP should provide you with usually more than one DNS Server.
If your ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically
apply default DNS Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
Secondary DNS Server
You can specify secondary DNS server IP address here because
your ISP often provides you more than one DNS Server. If your
ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically apply
default secondary DNS Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this
field.
Redial Policy
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can choose
Always On. Otherwise, choose Connect on Demand and
Idle Time Out
Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after passing
through the time without any action. When you choose Connect
on Demand, you have to type value here.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting is
1442.
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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3G USB Modem
If your router connects to a 3G modem and you want to access Internet via 3G modem, choose
3G as connection type and type the required information in this web page.
SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access
Internet.
Modem Initial String1/2
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
APN Name
APN means Access Point Name which is provided and
required by some ISPs.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional).
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional).
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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4.2.2 Multi-VLAN
Vigor2750 series offers multi-VLAN function to make the data transmission with security.
Data transmitting through the DSL port for connecting to Internet can be tagged with an ID
number specified here for ensuring the security. In addition, each LAN port also can be tagged
with an ID number in local network to reach the goal of protection.
If all the boxes are checked, it means that Internet connection and data transmission can be
done via 4 VLAN groups.
Enable Multi-VLAN Setup
Check the box to enable Multi-VLAN configuration.
WAN VLAN ID
Data sent out through the WAN port will be tagged with
VLAN ID number specified here. The range of ID number
you can type is from 2 – 4096.
Enable VoIP WAN Setup
Check the box to enable VoIP WAN configuration.
VoIP WAN VLAN ID
Voice sent out through the WAN port will be tagged with
VLAN ID number specified here. The range of ID number
you can type is from 2 - 4096.
VoIP WAN Setting – Click this link to open VoIP WAN
setting.
LAN/NAT
Such value is constant and fixed. All the data will be
transmitted by NAT through WAN port.
Bridge 1/2/3
LAN port (P2-P4) selected here will ask a Public IP address
from ISP for transmitting data from PC directly without
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NAT. The range of ID number you can type is from 2 –
4096. Each ID setting must be unique and different with
WAN VLAN ID.
VoIP WAN Setting
VoIP WAN is the interface specified for the usage of VoIP. The settings will be changed
based on the connection type selected.
When Static IP is selected as connection type, you need to configure the following settings:
IP Address
Type the IP address obtained from ISP for the usage of
VoIP.
Subnet Mask
Type the Subnet mask obtained from ISP for the usage of
VoIP.
Gateway IP Address
Type the gateway IP address obtained from ISP for the usage
of VoIP.
Primary DNS Server
Type the IP address of primary DNS server obtained from
ISP for the usage of VoIP.
Secondary DNS Server
Type the IP address of secondary DNS server obtained from
ISP for the usage of VoIP.
When DHCP is selected as connection type, you need to configure the following settings:
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Router Name
Type the name of the router.
Domain Name
Type the domain name obtained from the ISP.
When PPPoE is selected as connection type, you need to configure the following settings:
Username
Type the name obtained from the ISP.
Password
Type the password obtained from the ISP.
Confirm Password
Type the password again for confirmation.
MTU Size
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1442.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
4.2.3 3G Backup
This page is used to setup 3G backup function. If you enable 3G backup, make sure your
WAN connection type is not in 3G mode. When the WAN connection is broken, router will
try to keep the connection with 3G mode. After WAN connection is recovered, router will
disconnect the 3G connection automatically.
SIM PIN code
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Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access
Internet.
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Modem Initial String1/2
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
APN Name
APN means Access Point Name which is provided and
required by some ISPs.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your
ISP.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional).
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional).
Clone MAC Address
It is available when the box of Enable is checked. Click Clone
MAC Address. The result will be displayed in the field of
MAC Address.
4.3 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design of
network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using public
IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is to
translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right packets
to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that assigns
private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly understanding.
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In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor router
will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other public
hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the router should be set as the gateway for public hosts.
What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the router such as IP
address and the routers will automatically inform for each other.
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What is Static Route
When you have several subnets in your LAN, sometimes a more effective and quicker way for
connection is the Static routes function rather than other method. You may simply set rules to
forward data from one specified subnet to another specified subnet without the presence of
RIP.
What are Virtual LANs and Rate Control
You can group local hosts by physical ports and create up to 4 virtual LANs. To manage the
communication between different groups, please set up rules in Virtual LAN (VLAN) function
and the rate of each.
4.3.1 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN.
Click LAN to open the LAN settings page and choose General Setup.
IP Address
Type in private IP address for connecting to a local private
network (Default: 192.168.1.1).
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Subnet Mask
Type in an address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
Enable DHCP
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The
router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your network
so it automatically dispatch related IP settings to any local user
configured as a DHCP client. It is highly recommended that you
leave the router enabled as a DHCP server if you do not have a
DHCP server for your network.
You can configure the router to serve as a DHCP server for the
2nd subnet. Check the box to enable DHCP server setting.
Start IP Address
Enter a value of the IP address pool for the DHCP server to start
with when issuing IP addresses. If the 2nd IP address of your
router is 220.135.240.1, the starting IP address must be
220.135.240.2 or greater, but smaller than 220.135.240.254.
IP Pool Counts
Enter the number of IP addresses in the pool. The maximum is
10. For example, if you type 3 and the 2nd IP address of your
router is 220.135.240.1, the range of IP address by the DHCP
server will be from 220.135.240.2 to 220.135.240.11.
Lease Time
It allows you to set the leased time for the specified PC.
Force DNS manual setting
Force router to use DNS servers in this page instead of DNS
servers given by the Internet Access server (PPPoE, PPTP,
L2TP or DHCP server).
Primary IP Address
You must specify a DNS server IP address here because your
ISP should provide you with usually more than one DNS Server.
If your ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically
apply default DNS Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
Secondary IP Address
You can specify secondary DNS server IP address here because
your ISP often provides you more than one DNS Server. If your
ISP does not provide it, the router will automatically apply
default secondary DNS Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this
field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online
Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are left
empty, the router will assign its own IP address to local users as
a DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS cache,
the router will resolve the domain name immediately. Otherwise,
the router forwards the DNS query packet to the external DNS
server by establishing a WAN connection.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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4.3.2 Ports
Ports page is used to change the setting for LAN ports. You can set or reset the following
items. All of them are described in detail below.
Port
It displays current network interface.
Link
It displays current connection status. Green light means the
LAN connection is successful.
Current
It displays current speed that the router uses.
Speed Configured
It can set the speed and duplex of the port. You can use the drop
down list to choose the required speed for the router. If you
have no idea in configuring speed, simple use the default setting,
Auto.
Flow Control
If flow control is enabled by checking Configured box, both
parties can send PAUSE frame to the transmitting device(s) if
the receiving port is too busy to handle. If not, there will be no
flow control in the port. It drops the packet if too much to
handle.
Current Rx: indicates whether pause frames on the port are
obeyed.
Current Tx: indicates whether pause frames on the port are
transmitted.
Maximum Frame
This module offers 1518~9600 (Bytes) length to make the long
packet for data transmission.
Excessive Collision Mode
There are two modes for you to choose when excessive
collision happened in half-duplex condition.
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Discard - It determines whether the MAC drops frames after an
excessive collision has occurred. If yes, a frame is dropped after
excessive collision. This is IEEE Standard 802.3 half-duplex
flow control operation.
Restart - It determines whether the MAC retransmits frames
after an excessive collision has occurred. If set, a frame is not
dropped after excessive collisions, but the backoff sequence is
restarted. This is a violation of IEEE Standard 802.3, but is
useful in non-dropping half-duplex flow control operation.
Power Control
The Configured column allows for changing the power savings
mode parameters per port.
Disabled: All power savings mechanisms disabled.
ActiPHY: Link down power savings enabled.
PerfectReach: Link up power savings enabled.
Enabled: Both link up and link down power savings enabled.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the information for LAN ports.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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4.3.3 MAC Address Table
This page allows you to set timeouts for entries in dynamic MAC Table and configure the
static MAC table here.
Disable Automatic Aging
Stop the MAC table aging timer, the learned MAC address will
not age out automatically. The default setting is enabled. Check
the box to disable this function if required.
Age Time
Delete a MAC address idling for a period of time from the
following MAC Table, which will not affect static MAC
address. Range of MAC Address Aging Time is 10-1000000
seconds. The default Aging Time is 300 seconds.
MAC Table Learning
List the port members which apply dynamic learning
mechanism or not.
Auto - Enable this port MAC address dynamic learning
mechanism.
Disable - Disable this port MAC address dynamic learning
mechanism, only support static MAC address setting.
Secure - Disable this port MAC address dynamic learning
mechanism and copy the dynamic learning packets to CPU.
Static MAC Table Config.. Specify static MAC address with VLAN ID to apply aging
configuration.
Delete - Click the button to remove the VLAN setting.
VLAN ID - Specify the interface for the port members.
MAC Address - It is a six-byte long Ethernet hardware address
and usually expressed by hex and separated by hyphens. For
example, 00 – 40 - C7 - D6 – 00 – 02.
WAN/LAN1~4 - Check the port to apply this VLAN setting.
To add a new static MAC entry, click Add new static entry. A new entry will be shown as
follows. Choose VLAN ID and type a new MAC address. Next, specify port member for this
table. Finally, click OK to save the changes.
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4.3.4 VLAN
Virtual LAN function provides you a very convenient way to manage hosts by grouping them
based on the physical port. You can also manage the in/out rate of each port. Go to LAN page
and select VLAN. The following page will appear. VLAN function is enabled in default.
Note: For the VALN feature in LAN is port-based, the available numbers for PVLAN ID
can be 1-4.
Add New Private VLAN
Click this button to add a new private VLAN. The router allows
you to add up to 4 VLAN.
To add or remove a VLAN, please refer to the following example.
1.
VLAN 1 is consisted of hosts linked to P1 ~ P4.
2.
After checking the box to enable VLAN function, you will check the table according to
the needs as shown below.
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3.
To remove VLAN, click the Delete button for the one you want to remove and click OK
to save the results.
4.3.5 Monitor Port
It is used to monitor the traffic of the network. For example, we assume that LAN1 and LAN2
are Monitor Port and Monitor ingress Port respectively, thus, the traffic received by LAN2
will be copied to LAN1 for monitoring.
Enable Monitor Port
Check to enable this function.
Monitor Port
Click the one of the LAN ports to specify it for monitoring.
Monitor ingress port
Check to set up the port(s) for being monitored. It only
monitors the packets received by the port you set up.
Monitor egress port
Check to set up the port(s) for being monitored. It only
monitors the packets transmitted by the port you set up.
4.3.6 Static Route
Go to LAN to open setting page and choose Static Route.
View Routing Table
Click this link to view the routing table.
Index
The number (1 to 10) under Index displays current static router.
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Destination Address
Display the destination address of the static route.
Status
Display the status of the static route.
Add
Click it to add a new static route.
Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks
Here is an example of setting Static Route in Main Router so that user A and B locating in
different subnet can talk to each other via the router. Assuming the Internet access has been
configured and the router works properly:
z
use the Main Router to surf the Internet.
z
create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Router A (192.168.1.2)
z
create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Router B (192.168.1.3).
z
have set Main Router 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the Router A 192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Router A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Router.
1.
Click the LAN - Static Route and click Add. Check the Enable box. Please add a static
route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to 192.168.10.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
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2.
Return to Static Route page. Click Add again to add another static route as show below,
which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.3.
3.
Verify current routing table.
4.3.7 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthening control
in network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address binding
together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it might cause
you not access into the Internet.
Click LAN and click Bind IP to MAC to open the setup page.
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Enable
Click this radio button to invoke this function. However, IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect to Internet.
Disable
Click this radio button to disable this function. All the settings on
this page will be invalid.
Strict Bind
Click this radio button to block the connection of the IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List.
ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this router. The information for
IP and MAC will be displayed in this field. Each pair of IP and
MAC address listed in ARP table can be selected and added to IP
Bind List by clicking Add below.
Add and Edit
IP Address – Type the IP address that will be used for the
specified MAC address.
Mac Address – Type the MAC address that is used to bind with
the assigned IP address.
Refresh
It is used to refresh the ARP table. When there is one new PC
added to the LAN, you can click this link to obtain the newly ARP
table information.
IP Bind List
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
Add
It allows you to add the one you choose from the ARP table or the
IP/MAC address typed in Add and Edit to the table of IP Bind
List.
Edit
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and MAC
address that you create before.
Remove
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply click and
select the one, and click Remove. The selected item will be
removed from the IP Bind List.
Note: Before you select Strict Bind, you have to bind one set of IP/MAC address for one
PC. If not, no one of the PCs can access into Internet. And the web configurator of the router
might not be accessed.
4.4 NAT
Usually, the router serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the router will change its source address into the public IP address of the router, select
the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the router shall list an entry in
a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public server response,
the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the router’s public IP address and the router will
do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can communicate with external
host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:
z
Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.
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z
Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be aware
of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually we use the
192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the router. As stated before, the NAT facility can map one or
more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified services. In other words, the
NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping methods.
Below shows the menu items for NAT.
4.4.1 Hardware NAT
Hardware-base Acceleration Engine, also named Protocol Processing Engine API is the
function that Draytek provides to extremely speed up the NAT performance.
While the hardware acceleration mechanism is activated, most of the bandwidth usage will
be concentrated on the specific sessions which increase transmission speed to get ultimately
accelerated.
4.4.2 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
To add a new open port, click Add new entry.
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Name
Specify the name for the defined network service.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP and
TCP+UDP.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by the
local host.
End Port (optional)
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by the
local host.
Local Host
Enter the private IP address of the local host.
Local Port (optional)
If it is configured, the forwarded traffic is mapped to this port
on the local host.
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4.4.3 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a
single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
The security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host. We suggest
you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page:
Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
DMZ IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose
PC to specify a suitable one.
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4.5 Firewall
Basics for Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
router helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It also
restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter out
specific packets that trigger the router to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor router to inspect every incoming packet based on
the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze the
host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as warning, if
you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor router monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the pre-defined
parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the Vigor router will
activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
Note: The firewall rules configured in this section cannot be applied to the computers
connecting to the router via wireless LAN.
4.5.1 DoS Defense
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page. Storm control for the switch is
configured on this page.
Frame Type
Set the Unicast storm rate control, multicast storm rate control,
and a broadcast storm rate control for your router.
Status
Check this box to enable storm control status for the frame type.
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Rate
The unit is packet per second (pps). Use the drop down list to
set the rate for data transmission. The rate is 2^n, where n is
equal to or less than 15, or "No Limit". The unit of the rate is
pps (packets per second). The configuration indicates the
permitted packet rate for unicast, multicast, or broadcast traffic
across the switch.
4.5.2 Ports Configuration
This page is used to configure the ACL (Access Control List) parameters for each port. These
parameters will affect data packets received on a port unless the data packets match a specific
ACE (Access Control Entry).
Port
There is one DSL port and 4 LAN ports in Vigor2750. Here
each port will be configured with different ID, action, rate
limiter ID, port copy and etc.
Action
Select whether forwarding is permitted ("Allow") or denied
("Deny"). The default value is "Allow".
Rate Limiter ID
Select a rate limiter to apply to this port. Available settings
include Disabled, and 1 to 10. The default value is Disabled.
Counter
Counts the number of frames that match this Access Control
Entry (ACE).
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Refresh
Click this button to refresh the number of the counter
immediately.
Clear
Click this button to clear the number of the counter on this
page.
Rate Limiter ID
Configure the rate limiter for the ACL (Access Control List) of the router. Please click Rate
Limiter ID link to access into the following page.
Rate Limiter ID
Rate limiter ID will be applied to DSL port and LAN port.
Please specify a rate number for each ID. The default setting is
“1”(packet per second).
Rate
Define the rate by choosing from the following drop down list.
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4.5.3 Access Control List
This page can define which kind of packet can access the router. The packet can be defined
with input port, Frame type, Rate, MAC type, VLAN ID, tag and etc.. For IPv4, we can also
define the protocol type, source IP and destination IP.
Adding a New Access Control Profile
Click
to add a new specific session limitation onto the list.
Define which port the packet from.
ACE Configuration
Ingress Port – define which port the packet coming from. The
policy IDs are defined in Firewall>>Port Configuration. Each
Policy ID might have more than one port grouped.
Frame Type - Such option differs according to the selection
you choose, we will explain it in detailed later.
Action – it means the session limitation for this access control
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list will be applied to if matching with the rule defined in this
page.
Rate Limiter - Select a rate limiter to apply to this port.
Available settings include Disabled, and 1 to 10. The default
value is Disabled. Click the Rate Limiter link to configure
different rates for each ID.
Detailed Explanation for Frame Type
Frame Type selection will lead different options for configuration.
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Choose Ethernet Type as the Frame Type, you will get Ethernet Type Parameters
option as the following:
Ethernet Type Filter
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Choose Any to set the parameter with any value set by the
router automatically or choose Specific to specify certain
value (the range is 0x0000 to 0xFFFF).
Choose ARP as the Frame Type, you will get ARP Parameters option as the following:
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ARP/RARP
Choose the ARP/RARP that you want to filter.
Request/Reply
Choose the request or replay that you want to filter.
Sender IP Filter
Specify the sender IP filter for this ACE.
Choose Any to filter all of the packets.
Choose Host to filter the packets from the host with the
address typed in Sender IP Address filed.
Choose Network to filter the packets within the network
defined in Sender IP Address and Sender IP Mask
fields.
Sender IP Address
Type the Sender IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as Sender IP Filter.
Sender IP Mask
Type the Sender IP Mask here. This option is available
only when you choose Network as Sender IP Filter.
Target IP Filter
Specify the target IP filter for this specific ACE.
Choose Any to filter all of the packets.
Choose Host to filter the packets from the host with the
address typed in Target IP Address filed.
Choose Network to filter the packets within the network
defined in Target IP Address and Target IP Mask fields.
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Target IP Address
Type the Target IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as Target IP Filter.
Target IP Mask
Type the Target IP Mask here. This option is available
only when you choose Network as Target IP Filter.
ARP SMAC Match
Specify whether frames/packets can meet the action
according to the sender hardware address field (SHA)
settings.
0: means sender hardware address is not equal to the
SMAC address.
1: means sender hardware address is equal to the SMAC
address.
Any: means any value is allowed.
RARP DMAC Match
Specify whether frames can hit the action according to
their target hardware address field (THA) settings.
0: means target hardware address is not equal to the
SMAC address.
1: means s target hardware address is equal to the SMAC
address.
Any: means any value is allowed.
IP/Ethernet Length
Specify whether frames/packets can meet the action
according to the ARP/RARP hardware address length
(HLN) and protocol address length (PLN) settings.
0: means ARP/RARP frames/packets where the hardware
address length is equal to Ethernet (0x06) and the protocol
address length is equal to IPv4 (0x04) must not match this
entry.
1: means ARP/RARP frames/packets where the hardware
address length is equal to Ethernet (0x06) and the protocol
address length is equal to IPv4 (0x04) must match this
entry.
Any: Any value is allowed
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Specify whether frames/packets can meet the action
according to their ARP/RARP hardware address space
(HRD) settings.
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0: ARP/RARP frames where the hardware address space is
equal to Ethernet (1) must not match this entry.
1: ARP/RARP frames where the hardware address space is
equal to Ethernet (1) must match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
Ethernet
Specify whether frames can hit the action according to
their ARP/RARP protocol address space (PRO) settings.
0: ARP/RARP frames where the protocol address space is
equal to IP (0x800) must not match this entry.
1: ARP/RARP frames where the protocol address space is
equal to IP (0x800) must match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
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Choose IPv4 as the Frame Type. You will see IP Parameters on the bottom of the page.
If you choose ICMP as IP Protocol Filter, you will get the page as the following:
Source IP
Specify the Source IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No source IP filter is specified.
Host: Source IP filter is set to Host. Specify the source IP
address in the Source IP Address field that appears.
Network: Source IP filter is set to Network. Specify the
source IP address and source IP mask in the Source IP
Address and Source IP Mask fields that appear.
Source IP Address
Type the Source IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as Source IP.
Source IP Mask
Type the Source IP Mask here. This option is available
only when you choose Network as source Source IP.
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Dest IP Filter
Specify the destination IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No destination IP filter is specified.
Host: Destination IP filter is set to Host. Specify the
destination IP address in the Dest IP Address field that
appears.
Network: Destination IP filter is set to Network. Specify
the destination IP address and destination IP mask in the
DIP Address and Dest IP Mask fields that appear.
Dest IP Address
Type the Dest IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as destination Dest IP.
Dest IP Mask
Type the Dest IP Mask here. This option is available only
when you choose Network as destination Dest IP.
ICMP Type Filter
Specify the ICMP filter for this ACE.
Any: No ICMP filter is specified.
Specific: If you want to filter a specific ICMP filter with
this ACE, you can enter a specific ICMP value. A field for
entering an ICMP value appears.
ICMP Type Value
If you choose Specific as ICMP Type Filter, you have to
type the ICMP Type Value manually. The allowed range is
0 to 255. A frame meeting this ACE matches this ICMP
value.
ICMP Code Filter
Specify the ICMP code filter for this ACE.
Any: No ICMP code filter is specified (ICMP code filter
status is "don't-care").
Specific: If you want to filter a specific ICMP code filter
with this ACE, you can enter a specific ICMP code value.
A field for entering an ICMP code value appears.
ICMP Code Value
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If you choose Specific as ICMP Code Filter, you have to
type the ICMP Type Value manually. The allowed range is
0 to 255. A frame meeting this ACE matches this ICMP
value.
Choose IPv4 as the Frame Type. You will see IP Parameters on the bottom of the page.
If you choose UDP as IP Protocol Filter, you will get the page as the following:
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Source IP
Specify the source IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No source IP filter is specified.
Host: Source IP filter is set to Host. Specify the source IP
address in the Source IP Address field that appears.
Network: Source IP filter is set to Network. Specify the
source IP address and source IP mask in the Source IP
Address and Source IP Mask fields that appear.
Source IP Address
Type the Source IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as Source IP.
Source IP Mask
Type the Source IP Mask here. This option is available
only when you choose Network as Source IP.
Dest IP
Specify the destination IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No destination IP filter is specified.
Host: Destination IP filter is set to Host. Specify the
destination IP address in the destination IP Address field
that appears.
Network: Destination IP filter is set to Network. Specify
the destination IP address and destination IP mask in the
destination IP Address and destination IP Mask fields that
appear.
Dest IP Address
Type the destination IP Address here. This option is
available when you choose Host or Network as
destination IP.
Dest IP Mask
Type the DIP Mask here. This option is available only
when you choose Network as destination DIP.
Source Port Filter
Specify the UDP port source filter for this ACE.
Any: No UDP source filter is specified.
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Specific: If you want to filter a specific UDP source filter
with this ACE, you can enter a specific UDP source value.
A field for entering a UDP source value appears.
Range: If you want to filter a specific UDP source range
filter with this ACE, you can enter a specific UDP source
range value. A field for entering a UDP source port range
appears.
Source Port No.
Type the value if you choose Specific as the Source Port
Filter. The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting
this ACE matches this UDP source value.
Source Port Range
Type the value if you choose Range as the Source Port
Filter. The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting
this ACE matches this UDP source value.
Dest. Port Filter
Specify the UDP port destination filter for this ACE.
Any: No UDP destination filter is specified.
Specific: If you want to filter a specific UDP destination
filter with this ACE, you can enter a specific UDP
destination value. A field for entering a UDP destination
value appears.
Range: If you want to filter a specific UDP destination
range filter with this ACE, you can enter a specific UDP
destination range value. A field for entering a UDP
destination port range appears.
Dest. Port No.
Type the value if you choose Specific as the Dest. Port
Filter. The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting
this ACE matches this UDP source value.
Dest. Port Range
Type the value if you choose Range as the Dest. Port Filter.
The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting this
ACE matches this UDP source value.
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z
Choose IPv4 as the Frame Type. You will see IP Parameters on the bottom of the page.
If you choose TCP as IP Protocol Filter, you will get the page as the following:
Source IP
Specify the source IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No source IP filter is specified.
Host: Source IP filter is set to Host. Specify the source IP
address in the source IP Address field that appears.
Network: Source IP filter is set to Network. Specify the
source IP address and source IP mask in the source IP
Address and source IP Mask fields that appear.
Source IP Address
Type the source IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as source IP filter.
Source IP Mask
Type the SIP Mask here. This option is available only
when you choose Network as source IP filter.
Dest IP Filter
Specify the destination IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No destination IP filter is specified.
Host: Destination IP filter is set to Host. Specify the
destination IP address in the destination IP Address field
that appears.
Network: Destination IP filter is set to Network. Specify
the destination IP address and destination IP mask in the
destination IP Address and destination IP Mask fields that
appear.
Dest IP Address
Type the destination IP Address here. This option is
available when you choose Host or Network as
destination IP filter.
Dest IP Mask
Type the destination IP Mask here. This option is available
only when you choose Network as destination IP filter.
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Source Port Filter
Specify the TCP port source filter for this ACE.
Any: No TCP source filter is specified.
Specific: If you want to filter a specific TCP source filter
with this ACE, you can enter a specific TCP source value.
A field for entering a TCP source value appears.
Range: If you want to filter a specific TCP source range
filter with this ACE, you can enter a specific TCP source
range value. A field for entering a TCP source port range
appears.
Source Port No.
Type the value if you choose Specific as the Source Port
Filter. The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting
this ACE matches this TCP source value.
Source Port Range
Type the value if you choose Range as the Source Port
Filter. The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting
this ACE matches this TCP source value.
Dest. Port Filter
Specify the TCP port destination filter for this ACE.
Any: No TCP destination filter is specified.
Specific: If you want to filter a specific TCP destination
filter with this ACE, you can enter a specific TCP
destination value. A field for entering a TCP destination
value appears.
Range: If you want to filter a specific TCP destination
range filter with this ACE, you can enter a specific TCP
destination range value. A field for entering a TCP
destination port range appears.
Dest. Port No.
Type the value if you choose Specific as the Dest. Port
filter. The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting
this ACE matches this TCP source value.
Dest. Port Range
Type the value if you choose Range as the Dest. Port filter.
The allowed range is 0 to 65535. A frame meeting this
ACE matches this TCP source value.
TCP FIN
Specify the TCP "No more data from sender" (FIN) value
for this ACE.
0: TCP frames where the FIN field is set must not be able
to match this entry.
1: TCP frames where the FIN field is set must be able to
match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
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TCP SYN
Specify the TCP "Synchronize sequence numbers" (SYN)
value for this ACE.
0: TCP frames where the SYN field is set must not be able
to match this entry.
1: TCP frames where the SYN field is set must be able to
match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
TCP RST
Specify the TCP RST value for this ACE.
0: TCP frames where the RST field is set must not be able
to match this entry.
1: TCP frames where the RST field is set must be able to
match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
TCP PSH
Specify the TCP "Push Function" (PSH) value for this
ACE.
0: TCP frames where the PSH field is set must not be able
to match this entry.
1: TCP frames where the PSH field is set must be able to
match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
TCP ACK
Specify the TCP "Acknowledgment field significant"
(ACK) value for this ACE.
0: TCP frames where the ACK field is set must not be able
to match this entry.
1: TCP frames where the ACK field is set must be able to
match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed
TCP URG
Specify the TCP "Urgent Pointer field significant" (URG)
value for this ACE.
0: TCP frames where the URG field is set must not be able
to match this entry.
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1: TCP frames where the URG field is set must be able to
match this entry.
Any: Any value is allowed.
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Choose IPv4 as the Frame Type. You will see IP Parameters on the bottom of the page.
If you choose Other as IP Protocol Filter, you will get the page as the following:
IP Protocol Value
When "Other" is selected for the IP protocol filter, you can
enter a specific value here. The range is 0 to 255. The
default value is “255”.A frame meeting this ACE matches
this IP protocol value.
Source IP
Specify the source IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No source IP filter is specified.
Host: Source IP filter is set to Host. Specify the source IP
address in the source IP Address field that appears.
Network: Source IP filter is set to Network. Specify the
source IP address and source IP mask in the source IP
Address and source IP Mask fields that appear.
Source IP Address
Type the source IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as source IP Filter.
Source IP Mask
Type the source IP Mask here. This option is available
only when you choose Network as source IP.
Dest IP
Specify the destination IP filter for this ACE.
Any: No destination IP filter is specified.
Host: Destination IP filter is set to Host. Specify the
destination IP address in the destination IP Address field
that appears.
Network: Destination IP is set to Network. Specify the
destination IP address and destination IP mask in the
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destination IP address and destination IP mask fields that
appear.
Dest IP Address
Type the Dest IP Address here. This option is available
when you choose Host or Network as destination IP filter.
Dest IP Mask
Type the Dest IP Mask here. This option is available only
when you choose Network as destination IP filter.
4.6 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
4.6.1 Session Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer) applications
(e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will occupy over
resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the problem, you can
use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit session, simply click Enable and set the default session limit.
Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit session.
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Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit session.
Default Sessions Limit
Defines the default session number used for each computer in
LAN.
Limitation List
Displays a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Defines the start LAN IP address for limit session.
End IP
Defines the end LAN IP address for limit session.
Sessions Limit
Defines the available session number for each host in the
specific range of IP addresses. If you do not set the session
number in this field, the system will use the default session limit
for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add
Adds the specific session limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
When you finish adding a new session limit, simply click OK. The following page will appear
for you to check.
4.6.2 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large of
bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to make
the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
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To activate the function of limit bandwidth, simply click Enable and set the default or
user-defined upstream and downstream limit.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit bandwidth.
Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit bandwidth.
Smart Bandwidth Limit
Click this radio button to configure the default limitation for
bandwidth.
When session number exceeds – type the value here as a
threshold to apply the smart bandwidth limit.
TX limit - Define the default speed of the upstream for
each computer in LAN.
RX limit - Define the default speed of the downstream for
each computer in LAN.
User-defined Bandwidth
Limit
Click this radio button to configure the user-defined
limitation for bandwidth.
Limitation List - Display a list of specific limitations that
you set on this web page.
Start IP - Bandwidth limit can be applied on certain IP
range. That’s, only the PCs within the range will be
influenced by the bandwidth limitation set here. Please
define the start IP address for the specific limitation.
End IP - Define the end IP address for the specific
limitation.
TX Limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
upstream to be applied as specific limitation. If you do not
set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
RX Limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
downstream to be applied as specific limitation. If you do
not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add - Add the specific speed limitation onto the list above.
Edit - Allows you to edit the settings for the selected
limitation.
Delete - Remove the selected settings existing on the
limitation list.
When you finish adding a new bandwidth limit, simply click OK.
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4.6.3 Port Rate Control
A policer can limit the bandwidth of received frames. It is located in front of the ingress queue.
And a shaper can limit the bandwidth of transmitted frames. It is located after the ingress
queues. This page allows you to configure the switch port rate limit for Policers and Shapers.
Port
Represent LAN or WAN interface.
Policer Enabled
Check this box to enable policer function.
Policer Rate(Rx)
Type the number for policer function. The default value is 500.
It is restricted to 500-1000000 when the Policer Unit is set in
kbps, and it is restricted to 1-1000 when the Policer Unit is set
in Mbps.
Policer Unit
Determine the unit (kbps/Mbps) for policer.
Shaper Enabled
Check this box to enable shaper function.
Shaper Rate (Tx)
Type the number for shaper function. The default value is 500.
It is restricted to 500-1000000 when the Shaper Unit is set in
kbps, and it is restricted to 1-1000 when the Shaper Unit is set
in Mbps.
Shaper Unit
Determine the unit (kbps/Mbps) for shaper function.
4.6.4 QoS Control List
Deploying QoS (Quality of Service) management to guarantee that all applications receive the
service levels required and sufficient bandwidth to meet performance expectations is indeed
one important aspect of modern enterprise network.
One reason for QoS is that numerous TCP-based applications tend to continually increase their
transmission rate and consume all available bandwidth, which is called TCP slow start. If
other applications are not protected by QoS, it will detract much from their performance in the
overcrowded network. This is especially essential to those are low tolerant of loss, delay or
jitter (delay variation).
Another reason is due to congestions at network intersections where speeds of interconnected
circuits mismatch or traffic aggregates, packets will queue up and traffic can be throttled back
to a lower speed. If there’s no defined priority to specify which packets should be discarded
(or in another term “dropped”) from an overflowing queue, packets of sensitive applications
mentioned above might be the ones to drop off. How this will affect application performance?
There are two components within Primary configuration of QoS deployment:
z
Classification: Identifying low-latency or crucial applications and marking them for
high-priority service level enforcement throughout the network.
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Scheduling: Based on classification of service level to assign packets to queues and
associated service types
The basic QoS implementation in Vigor routers is to classify and schedule packets based on
the service type information in the IP header. For instance, to ensure the connection with the
headquarter, a teleworker may enforce an index of QoS Control to reserve bandwidth for
HTTPS connection while using lots of application at the same time.
One more larger-scale implementation of QoS network is to apply DSCP (Differentiated
Service Code Point) and IP Precedence disciplines at Layer 3. Compared with legacy IP
Precedence that uses Type of Service (ToS) field in the IP header to define 8 service classes,
DSCP is a successor creating 64 classes possible with backward IP Precedence compatibility.
In a QoS-enabled network, or Differentiated Service (DiffServ or DS) framework, a DS
domain owner should sign a Service License Agreement (SLA) with other DS domain owners
to define the service level provided toward traffic from different domains. Then each DS node
in these domains will perform the priority treatment. This is called per-hop-behavior (PHB).
The definition of PHB includes Expedited Forwarding (EF), Assured Forwarding (AF), and
Best Effort (BE). AF defines the four classes of delivery (or forwarding) classes and three
levels of drop precedence in each class.
Vigor routers as edge routers of DS domain shall check the marked DSCP value in the IP
header of bypassing traffic, thus to allocate certain amount of resource execute appropriate
policing, classification or scheduling. The core routers in the backbone will do the same
checking before executing treatments in order to ensure service-level consistency throughout
the whole QoS-enabled network.
However, each node may take different attitude toward packets with high priority marking
since it may bind with the business deal of SLA among different DS domain owners. It’s not
easy to achieve deterministic and consistent high-priority QoS traffic throughout the whole
network with merely Vigor router’s effort.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click QoS Control List (QCL) to open the web page.
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QCE Type
Display the type of that QCE (QoS Control Entries).
Type Value
Display the value specified for the QCE.
Traffic Class
Display the class of the data transmission for the QCE.
QoS Control List (QCL) allows users to set up to five groups of QCL. Each QCL group can
contain 12 QCE settings.
Adding a New QCE
Click
to add a new QoS Control Entry (QCE) onto this page. Different QCE type will
bring out different web settings.
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If you choose Ethernet Type as QCE Type, you have to type value for it and specify
traffic class from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
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Ethernet Type Value
Either 8~63 ASCII characters, such as 012345678(or 64
Hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as "0x321253abcde...").
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If you choose VLAN ID as QCE Type, you have to type the ID number for it and specify
traffic class from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
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If you choose TCP/UDP Port as QCE Type, you have to type the port number for it and
specify traffic class from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
TCP/UDP Port
Click Single or Range. If you select Range, you have to type
in the starting port number and the end porting number on
the boxes below.
TCP/UDP Port Range
Type in the starting port number and the end porting number
here if you choose Range as the type.
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If you choose DSCP as QCE Type, you have to type value for it and specify traffic class
from Low, Normal, Medium and High.
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If you choose ToS as QCE Type, you have to specify priority class from Low, Normal,
Medium and High.
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If you choose Tag Priority as QCE Type, you have to specify priority class from Low,
Normal, Medium and High.
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Editing a QCE
Click
to modify the settings of an existing QCE on this page.
Moving Up/Down a QCE
Click
and
to move a QCE up and down.
Deleting a QCE
To delete a QCE in the list, simply click
of that one. It will be removed immediately.
4.6.5 Ports Priority
This page allows you to configure QoS settings for each port. The classification is controlled
by a QCL (Quality Control List) that is assigned to each port. A QCL consists of an ordered
list of up to 12 QCEs (Quality Control Entry). Each QCE can be used to classify certain
frames to a specific QoS class. This classification can be based on parameters such as VLAN
ID, UDP/TCP port, IPv4/IPv6 DSCP or Tag Priority. Frames not matching any of the QCEs
are classified to the default QoS class for the port.
Port
Indicate the interface for the physical port, DSL port, LAN port
and Wireless Port.
Default Class
Use the drop down list to choose the priority for each port.
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QCL
Use the drop down list to choose the QCL number defined in
QoS Control List for the port.
Queuing Mode
Use the drop down list to choose suitable mode.
Weighted mode means Vigor will process the packets from
different classes according to the setting rate. For example,
process 8 packets from High class, 4 packets from Medium
class, 2 packets from Normal class and 1 packet from Low
class at the same time.
Strict Priority mode means Vigor will always process the
packets from High Class at first, then the packets from Medium
class, then the normal class.
Queue Weighted
Use the drop down list to choose 1, 2, 4, or 8 as the queue
weighted number.
4.6.6 QoS Statistics
This page displays statistics for QoS setting. Click WAN/LAN link to check detailed
information for each interface.
Click WAN/LAN link to check detailed information for each interface.
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Rx Packets
Display the counting number of the packet received.
Rx Octets
Display the total received bytes.
Rx Unicast
Display the counting number of the received unicast packet.
Rx Broadcast
Display the counting number of the received broadcast packet.
Rx Pause
Display the counting number of the received pause packet.
RX 64 Bytes
Display the number of 64-byte frames in good and bad packets
received.
RX 65-127 Bytes
Display the number of 65 ~ 127-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 128-255 Bytes
Display the number of 128 ~ 255-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 256-511 Bytes
Display the number of 256 ~ 511-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 512-1023 Bytes
Display the number of 512 ~ 1023-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 1024- 1526 Bytes
Display the number of 1024-1522-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 1527 Bytes
Display the number of 1527-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
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Rx Low
Display the low queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Normal
Display the normal queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Medium
Display the medium queue counter of the packet received.
Rx High
Display the high queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Drops
Display the number of frames dropped due to the lack of
receiving buffer.
Rx CRC/Alignment
Display the number of Alignment errors packets received.
Rx Undersize
Display the number of short frames (<64 Bytes) with valid
CRC.
Rx Oversize
Display the number of long frames (according to max_length
register) with valid CRC.
Rx Fragments
Display the number of short frames (< 64 bytes) with invalid
CRC.
Rx Jabber
Display the number of long frames (according to max_length
register) with invalid CRC.
Rx Filtered
Display the filtered number of the packet received.
Tx Packets
Display the the counting number of the packet transmitted.
Tx Octets
Display the total transmitted bytes.
Tx Unicast
Display the show the counting number of the transmitted
unicast packet.
Tx Multicast
Display the show the counting number of the transmitted
multicast packet.
Tx Broadcast
Display the counting number of the transmitted broadcast
packet.
Tx Pause
Show the counting number of the transmitted pause packet.
Tx 64 Bytes
Display the number of 64-byte frames in good and bad packets
transmitted.
Tx 65-127 Bytes
Display the number of 65 ~ 127-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 128-255 Bytes
Display the number of 128 ~ 255-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 256-511 Bytes
Display the number of 256 ~ 511-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 512-1023 Bytes
Display the number of 512 ~ 1023-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 1024- 1526 Bytes
Display the number of 1024 ~ 1522-byt frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 1527 Bytes:
Display the number of 1527-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx Low
Display the low queue counter of the packet transmitted.
Tx Normal
Display the normal queue counter of the packet transmitted.
Tx Medium
Display the medium queue counter of the packet received.
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Tx High
Display the high queue counter of the packet received.
Tx Drops
Display the number of frames dropped due to excessive
collision, late collision, or frame aging.
Tx lat/Exc.Coll.
Display the number of Frames late collision or excessive
collision Error, which switch transmitted.
4.7 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
4.7.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to three accounts from three different DDNS
service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services supplied by
most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org, www.no-ip.com,
www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com. You should visit
their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
Enable Dynamic DNS
Check this box to enable the current account.
DynDNS Service
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Hostname
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use the
drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Username
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
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Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Check IP change every
Set the interval for checking the information.
Force IP update every
Force the router updates its information to DDNS server with
the interval set here.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
4.7.2 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in real time clock which can update itself manually or
automatically by means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only
schedule the router to dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet access
to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say,
business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the router. There is another way to set up
time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the router’s
clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built up.
You can set up to 15 schedules. To add a schedule profile, please click Add.
Enable
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Action
Specify which action should be applied during the period of the
schedule.
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WAN UP/DOWN – WAN connection will be activated /
inactivated based on the time schedule configured here.
WiFi UP/DOWN – Wireless Wi-Fi connection will be
activated / inactivated based on the time schedule configured
here.
VPN UP/DOWN - VPN connection will be activated /
inactivated based on the time schedule configured here.
Acts
Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Routine -Specify which days in one week should perform the
schedule.
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4.7.3 IGMP
IGMP snooping means multicast traffic will be forwarded to ports that have members of that
group. If you disable IGMP snooping, the system will make multicast traffic treated in the
same manner as broadcast traffic.
Enable IGMP Proxy
Check the box to enable this function. The IGMP proxy can act
as a multicast proxy for hosts on LAN sides. If you enable such
function, you can access any multicast group whenever you
want.
Snooping Enabled
Check the box to enable this function.
Unregistered IPMC…
Check the box to enable unregistered IPMC traffic flooding
Fast Leave
Check the box to Fast Leave on the LAN port.
4.7.4 IGMP Status
This page display current IGMP status.
V1~3 Reports Receive
Display the number of Received V1 – V3 Reports.
V2 Leave Receive
Display the number of Received V2 Leave.
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Groups
Display current IGMP groups. Maximum number of group for
each VLAN can be set is 128.
Port Members
Display the LAN ports in this group.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the page immediately.
Clear
Click this button to clear the settings on this page.
4.7.5 UPnP Configuration
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT routers,
the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables applications inside
the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through a router. It is more
reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to be opened. Further,
the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ. UPnP is available on
Windows XP and the router provide the associated support for MSN Messenger to allow full
use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Enable UPnP
Enable UPnP function. You have to type the download and
upload speed.
Download Speed
Enter the maximum sustained WAN download speed in
kilobits/second. Such information can be requested by UPnP
clients.
Upload Speed
Enter the maximum sustained WAN upload speed in
kilobits/second. Such information can be requested by UPnP
clients.
After setting Enable UPnP setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on Router on
Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and control status will
be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the multimedia features of your
applications to operate. This has to manually set up port mappings or use other similar
methods. The screenshots below show examples of this facility.
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The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP address
and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards packets from
the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some network
ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You should
consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
¾ Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
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The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
4.7.6 Wake On LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake up
a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified PC
on this web page of Wake On LAN of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the binded IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the correct
MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If you choose
Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the correct IP address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in LAN>>Bind IP
to MAC will be shown in this drop down list. Choose the IP
address from the drop down list that you want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the binded PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the following
figure. The result will be shown on the box.
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4.8 VPN and Remote Access
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is the extension of a private network that encompasses links
across shared or public networks like the Internet. In short, by VPN technology, you can send
data between two computers across a shared or public network in a manner that emulates the
properties of a point-to-point private link.
Below shows the menu items for VPN and Remote Access.
4.8.1 Remote Access Control
Enable the necessary VPN service as you need. If you intend to run a VPN server inside your
LAN, you should enable IPSec VPN Pass-through and specify an IP address to allow VPN
tunnel pass through.
Enable IPSec VPN Service
If this checkbox is checked, the system firewall will allow
VPN (IPSec) remote access from WAN side to the router.
Enable IPSec VPN
Pass-through (Server inside
your LAN)
If this checkbox is checked, the system firewall will allow
VPN (IPSec) remote access from WAN side to a VPN
device on the LAN. Type the IP address of the VPN
device in the field next to the checkbox.
Enable PPTP VPN Service
If this checkbox is checked, the system firewall will allow
VPN (PPTP) remote access from WAN side to the router.
IP Address range for PPTP client – Specify an IP
address pool for the local private network that will be
assigned to PPTP clients. Note the values given here
should not be the same as IP address range for DHCP
Client.
IP Address range for DHCP client – Display the range
of IP address assigned by DHCP server.
Enable PPTP VPN
Pass-through (Server inside
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If this checkbox is checked, the system firewall will pass
VPN (PPTP) remote access from WAN side to a VPN
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your LAN)
server in the LAN. Type the IP address of the VPN server
in the field next to the checkbox.
4.8.2 PPTP Remote Dial-in
You can manage remote access by maintaining a table of remote user profile, so that users can
be authenticated to dial-in via VPN connection.
The router provides access accounts for dial-in users.
For more detailed information about user profile settings, please refer to section 4.13.
4.8.3 IPSec Remote Dial-in
This page allows you to configure IPSec Site-to-Client settings.
Mobile VPN Type
This usually applies to those are remote dial-in user or node
(LAN-to-LAN) which uses dynamic IP address and
IPSec-related VPN connections such as L2TP over IPSec and
IPSec tunnel.
Disabled – Ignore the configurations set in this page.
Dynamic VPN (IPSec) – Traffic between this subnet and the
client will travel through the VPN tunnel. If you choose this
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type, please specify the IP address and subnet mask for local
network.
L2TP/IPSec –The range must not overlap the DHCP address
range (if enabled), and must allow for at least one IP address.
Example: 10.10.137.240-10.10.137.245. If you choose this type,
please specify the IP address range for L2TP/IPSec mode.
Authentication
Shared secret – Type the shared secret manually and confirm it
again. IPSec remote dial-in clients will use the given secret.
Advanced Settings
Phase 1 (IKE) - Negotiation of IKE parameters including
encryption, hash, Diffie-Hellman parameter values, and lifetime
to protect the following IKE exchange, authentication of both
peers using either a Pre-Shared Key or Digital Signature (x.509).
The peer that starts the negotiation proposes all its policies to
the remote peer and then remote peer tries to find a
highest-priority match with its policies.
Phase 2 (IPSec) - Negotiation IPSec security methods
including Authentication Header (AH) or Encapsulating
Security Payload (ESP) for the following IKE exchange and
mutual examination of the secure tunnel establishment.
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4.8.4 Remote Dial-in Status
You can find the summary table of all dial-in user status.
Client
Display the name of the VPN IPSec/Mobile client.
Identity
Display the remote ID of the VPN client.
Endpoint
Display the IP address of the VPN client.
IKE Status
Display the status of the phase 1 ISAKMP key exchange.
IKE Alg
Display the encryption and authentication algorithm used
during phase 1 of the VPN connection Establishment. The
algorithm is used during exchange of key exchange.
ESP Status
Display the status of the phase 2 IPSec ESP key exchange.
ESP Alg
Display the encryption and authentication algorithm used
during phase 2 of the VPN connection Establishment. This
algorithm is used for transporting data, and the choice will
affect the performance of the VPN tunnel.
User Name
Display the dial-in user account.
Interface
Display the connection name assigned by the router.
Remote IP
Display IP address of remote client.
Login Time
Display the system time that the user logs in.
Rx bytes
Display the data total received for such client.
Tx bytes
Display the data total transmitted for such client.
Auto-refresh
Check this box to make the system refresh this page
automatically.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the page immediately.
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4.8.5 LAN to LAN
Here you can manage LAN-to-LAN connections by maintaining a table of connection profiles.
You may set parameters including specified connection peer IP, connection type and
corresponding security methods, etc.
The router supports 2 VPN tunnels simultaneously and provides up to 2 profiles. The
following figure shows the summary table.
Name
Indicate the name of the LAN-to-LAN profile.
Endpoint
Display the IP address of the VPN client.
IKE Alg
Display the encryption and authentication algorithm used
during phase 1 of the VPN connection Establishment. The
algorithm is used during exchange of key exchange.
ESP Alg
Display the encryption and authentication algorithm used
during phase 2 of the VPN connection Establishment. This
algorithm is used for transporting data, and the choice will
affect the performance of the VPN tunnel.
Tx /Rx
Display the incoming and outgoing packets information for
such tunnel.
Up Time
Display the connection time for such VPN tunnel.
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Adding a VPN Tunnel
Click Add Tunnel to open the following page.
Enabled
Check here to activate this tunnel.
Always On
Check this box to make the WAN connection being activated
always.
Name
Specify a name for this tunnel.
Remote IP
Enter the IP address of the remote host that located at the
other-end of the VPN tunnel.
IKE phase 1 mode
Select from Main mode and Aggressive mode. The ultimate
outcome is to exchange security proposals to create a protected
secure channel. Main mode is more secure than Aggressive
mode since more exchanges are done in a secure channel to set
up the IPSec session. However, the Aggressive mode is faster.
The default value in Vigor router is Main mode.
Pre-Shared Key
Such field will be applicable when Pre-shared key is selected as
the Type for the authentication. Input 1-63 characters as
pre-shared key.
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Confirm Pre-Shared key
Such field will be applicable when Pre-shared key is selected as
the Type for the authentication. Input 1-63 characters as
pre-shared key again to confirm it.
Local Identity
Local Identity is on behalf of the IP address while identity
authenticating with remote VPN server. The length of the ID is
limited to 47 characters.
Remote Identity
This field defines the identity of the remote end.
Local Network / Mask
Traffic between this subnet and the subnet specified in Remote
Network / Mask will travel through the VPN tunnel.
Remote Network / Mask
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to this Remote
Network IP Address/Remote Network Mask through the VPN
connection. For IPSec, this is the destination clients IDs of
phase 2 quick mode.
IKE Phase 1 proposal
Propose the local available authentication schemes and
encryption algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback to
find a match.
IKE Phase 2 proposal
Propose the local available algorithms to the VPN peers, and
get its feedback to find a match.
Perfect Forward Secrecy
The IKE Phase 1 key will be reused to avoid the computation
complexity in phase 2. The default value is inactive this
function.
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4.9 Wireless LAN
This function is used for “n” models.
4.9.1 Basic Concepts
Over recent years, the market for wireless communications has enjoyed tremendous growth.
Wireless technology now reaches or is capable of reaching virtually every location on the
surface of the earth. Hundreds of millions of people exchange information every day via
wireless communication products. The Vigor “n” model, a.k.a. Vigor wireless router, is
designed for maximum flexibility and efficiency of a small office/home. Any authorized staff
can bring a built-in WLAN client PDA or notebook into a meeting room for conference
without laying a clot of LAN cable or drilling holes everywhere. Wireless LAN enables high
mobility so WLAN users can simultaneously access all LAN facilities just like on a wired
LAN as well as Internet access
The Vigor wireless routers are equipped with a wireless LAN interface compliant with the
standard IEEE 802.11n draft 2 protocol. To boost its performance further, the Vigor Router is
also loaded with advanced wireless technology to lift up data rate up to 300 Mbps*. Hence,
you can finally smoothly enjoy stream music and video.
Note: * The actual data throughput will vary according to the network conditions and
environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, network overhead and
building materials.
In an Infrastructure Mode of wireless network, Vigor wireless router plays a role as an Access
Point (AP) connecting to lots of wireless clients or Stations (STA). All the STAs will share the
same Internet connection via Vigor wireless router. The General Settings will set up the
information of this wireless network, including its SSID as identification, located channel etc.
Security Overview
Real-time Hardware Encryption: Vigor Router is equipped with a hardware AES encryption
engine so it can apply the highest protection to your data without influencing user experience.
Complete Security Standard Selection: To ensure the security and privacy of your wireless
communication, we provide several prevailing standards on market.
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WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a legacy method to encrypt each frame transmitted via
radio using either a 64-bit or 128-bit key. Usually access point will preset a set of four keys
and it will communicate with each station using only one out of the four keys.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), the most dominating security mechanism in industry, is
separated into two categories: WPA-personal or called WPA Pre-Share Key (WPA/PSK), and
WPA-Enterprise or called WPA/802.1x.
In WPA-Personal, a pre-defined key is used for encryption during data transmission. WPA
applies Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption while WPA2 applies AES.
The WPA-Enterprise combines not only encryption but also authentication.
Since WEP has been proved vulnerable, you may consider using WPA for the most secure
connection. You should select the appropriate security mechanism according to your needs.
No matter which security suite you select, they all will enhance the over-the-air data
protection and /or privacy on your wireless network. The Vigor wireless router is very flexible
and can support multiple secure connections with both WEP and WPA at the same time.
Below shows the menu items for Wireless LAN.
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4.9.2 General Setup
By clicking the General Setup, a new web page will appear so that you could configure the
SSID and the wireless channel.
Please refer to the following figure for more information.
Enable Wireless LAN
Check the box to enable the wireless function.
Show/Hide
Choose Show to make the SSID being seen by wireless clients.
Choose Hide to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your wireless
LAN.
SSID
It means the identification of the wireless LAN. SSID can be
any text numbers or various special characters. The default
SSID is "DrayTek". We suggest you to change it.
Isolate Member
Check this box to make the wireless clients (stations) with
the same SSID not accessing for each other.
Wireless Mode
Choose the wireless mode for this router. At present, only
802.11B/B/N mix is available.
Channel
It means the channel of frequency of the wireless LAN. The
default channel is 11. You may switch channel if the selected
channel is under serious interference. If you have no idea of
choosing the frequency, please select Auto to let system
determine for you.
Channel setting will be changed according to the wireless mode
selected.
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Extension Channel
Such channel will be brought out automatically when you
determine the Channel selection.
It can help to extend the bandwidth for wireless connection.
Such value can be modified manual. However, do not set the
same value with Channel.
Tx Power
Set the power percentage for transmission signal of access point.
The greater the value is, the higher intensity of the signal will
be.
Enable Green AP
Such function is used to reduce the power consumption (Green
AP) for the access point. When there is no station connected,
the power consumption of access point will be reduced.
Encryption
Select an appropriate encryption mode to improve the security
and privacy of your wireless data packets.
Each encryption mode will bring out different web page and ask
you to offer additional configuration.
Wireless Security Configuration
For the security of your system, choose the proper encryption for data transmission. Different
encryption mode will bring out different setting encryption ways.
z
None
The encryption mechanism is turned off.
z
WEP
Accepts only WEP clients and the encryption key should be entered in WEP Key.
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z
Default Key
All wireless devices must support the same WEP
encryption bit size and have the same key.
Key1-Key4
Four keys can be entered here, but only one key can be
selected at a time. The format of WEP Key is restricted to
5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal values in 64-bit
encryption level, or restricted to 13 ASCII characters or 26
hexadecimal values in 128-bit encryption level. The
allowed content is the ASCII characters from 33(!) to
126(~) except '#' and ',' .
Authentication Mode
Choose OPEN or SHARED as the authentication mode.
OPEN: Set wireless to authentication open mode.
SHARED: Set wireless to authentication shared mode.
WPA-PSK
Accepts only WPA clients and the encryption key should be entered in PSK. The WPA
encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio using the key, which either PSK
(Pre-Shared Key) entered manually in this field below or automatically negotiated via
802.1x authentication.
WPA Mode
Select WPA, WPA2 or Auto as the type.
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z
WPA Algorithm
Select TKIP, AES or auto as the algorithm for WPA.
WPA Pre-Shared Key
Either 8~63 ASCII characters, such as 012345678..(or 64
Hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as
"0x321253abcde...").
WPA-RADIUS
The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist the remote dial-in user or
a wireless station and the RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables
centralized remote access authentication for network management.
z
Type
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio
using the key, which either PSK (Pre-Shared Key) entered
manually in this field below or automatically negotiated
via 802.1x authentication. Select WPA, WPA2 or Auto as
WPA mode.
WPA Algorithm
Choose the WPA algorithm, TKIP, AES or Auto.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server.
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using.
The default value is 1812, based on RFC 2138.
Shared Secret
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used
to authenticate the messages sent between them. Both
sides must be configured to use the same shared secret.
WPS
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) provides easy procedure to make network connection
between wireless station and wireless access point (vigor router) with the encryption of
WPA and WPA2.
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Configure via Push Button Click Start PBC to invoke Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. The router will wait for WPS requests from
wireless clients about two minutes. The WPS LED on the
router will blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will
return to normal condition after two minutes. (You need to
setup WPS within two minutes)
Configure via Client PinCode Type the PIN code specified in wireless client you
wish to connect, and click Start PIN button. The WLAN
LED on the router will blink fast when WPS is in progress.
It will return to normal condition after two minutes. (You
need to setup WPS within two minutes.
It is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and vigor
router. Users do not need to select any encryption mode and type any long encryption
passphrase to setup a wireless client every time. He/she only needs to press a button on
wireless client, and WPS will connect for client and router automatically.
Note: Such function is available for the wireless station with WPS supported.
There are two methods to do network connection through WPS between AP and Stations:
pressing the Start PBC button or using PIN Code.
On the side of Vigor 2750 series which served as an AP, press WPS button once on the
front panel of the router or click Start PBC on web configuration interface. On the side
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of a station with network card installed, press Start PBC button of network card.
If you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code specified in wireless client.
Then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to the vigor router.
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4.9.3 Access Control
For additional security of wireless access, the Access Control facility allows you to restrict
the network access right by controlling the wireless LAN MAC address of client. Only the
valid MAC address that has been configured can access the wireless LAN interface. By
clicking the Access Control, a new web page will appear, as depicted below, so that you
could edit the clients' MAC addresses to control their access rights (deny or allow).
Filter Type
Choose the rule for the MAC addresses displayed in this
page.
Allow List – all the MAC address of wireless clients listed
here are allowed to do wireless connection.
Deny List – all the MAC address of wireless clients listed
here will be blocked.
Add a New Entry
Add a new MAC address into the list.
Delete
Delete the selected MAC address in the list. This button
will appear only an entry of MAC Address has been typed.
Cancel
Give up the configuration.
OK
Click it to save the configuration.
4.9.4 Station List
Station List provides the knowledge of connecting wireless clients now along with its status
code.
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Index
Display the number of the connecting client.
IP Address
Display the WAN IP address for the connecting client.
MAC Address
Display the MAC Address for the connecting client.
Connected Time
Display the connection time for the connecting client.
Auto-refresh
Check this box to force the system refreshing the table
automatically.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh current page.
4.9.5 Access Point Discovery
Vigor router can scan all regulatory channels and find working APs in the neighborhood.
Based on the scanning result, users will know which channel is clean for usage. Also, it can be
used to facilitate finding an AP for a WDS link.
This page is used to scan the existence of the APs on the wireless LAN. Please click Scan to
discover all the connected APs.
Note: During the scanning process (about 5 seconds), no client is allowed to connect to
Vigor.
CH
Display the channel for the scanned AP.
SSID
Display the SSID of the scanned AP.
BSSID
Display the MAC address of the scanned AP.
Security
Display the encryption type of the scanned AP.
Signal
Display the strength (in percentage) of the signal of the
scanned AP.
Scan
It is used to discover all the connected AP. The results will
be shown on the box above this button.
If you want the found AP applying the WDS settings, please type in the AP’s MAC address on
the bottom of the page and click Bridge or Repeater. Next, click Add to. Later, the MAC
address of the AP will be added on WDS settings page.
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4.9.6 WMM Configuration
WMM is an abbreviation of Wi-Fi Multimedia. It defines the priority levels for four access
categories derived from 802.1d (prioritization tabs). The categories are designed with specific
types of traffic, voice, video, best effort and low priority data. There are four accessing
categories - AC_BE , AC_BK, AC_VI and AC_VO for WMM.
APSD (automatic power-save delivery) is an enhancement over the power-save mechanisms
supported by Wi-Fi networks. It allows devices to take more time in sleeping state and
consume less power to improve the performance by minimizing transmission latency.
WMM Capable
To apply WMM parameters for wireless data transmission,
please click the Enable radio button.
APSD Capable
The default setting is Disable.
Aifsn
It controls how long the client waits for each data
transmission. Please specify the value ranging from 1 to 15.
Such parameter will influence the time delay for WMM
accessing categories. For the service of voice or video
image, please set small value for AC_VI and AC_VO
categories For the service of e-mail or web browsing,
please set large value for AC_BE and AC_BK categories.
CWMin/CWMax
CWMin means contention Window-Min and CWMax
means contention Window-Max. Please specify the value
ranging from 1 to 15. Be aware that CWMax value must be
greater than CWMin or equals to CWMin value. Both
values will influence the time delay for WMM accessing
categories. The difference between AC_VI and AC_VO
categories must be smaller; however, the difference
between AC_BE and AC_BK categories must be greater.
Txop
It means transmission opportunity. For WMM categories
of AC_VI and AC_VO that need higher priorities in data
transmission, please set greater value for them to get
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highest transmission opportunity. Specify the value
ranging from 0 to 65535.
ACM
It is an abbreviation of Admission control Mandatory. It
can restrict stations from using specific category class if it
is checked.
Note: Vigor2920 provides standard WMM configuration
in the web page. If you want to modify the parameters,
please refer to the Wi-Fi WMM standard specification.
AckPolicy
“Uncheck” (default value) the box means the AP router
will answer the response request while transmitting WMM
packets through wireless connection. It can assure that the
peer must receive the WMM packets.
“Check” the box means the AP router will not answer any
response request for the transmitting packets. It will have
better performance with lower reliability.
4.9.7 WDS
WDS means Wireless Distribution System. It is a protocol for connecting two access points
(AP) wirelessly. Usually, it can be used for the following application:
y
y
Provide bridge traffic between two LANs through the air.
Extend the coverage range of a WLAN.
To meet the above requirement, two WDS modes are implemented in Vigor router. One is
Bridge, the other is Repeater. Below shows the function of WDS-bridge interface:
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The application for the WDS-Repeater mode is depicted as below:
In Bridge mode, the router will connect to up to four Vigor2750 which use the same mode,
and all wired Ethernet clients of every Vigor2750 will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to other networks which is physically isolated. Please note that
when you set to this mode, Vigor2750 will not accept regular wireless clients anymore.
In Repeater mode, the router will connect to up to four Vigor2750 which use the same mode,
and all wired Ethernet clients of every Vigor2750 will be connected together. You can use this
mode to connect a network to other networks which is physically isolated. When you use this
mode, this access point is still able to accept wireless clients.
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Click WDS from Wireless LAN menu. The following page will be shown.
Mode
Choose the mode for WDS setting. Disable mode will not
invoke any WDS setting. Bridge Mode is designed to
fulfill the first type of application. Repeater Mode is for
the second one.
Security
There are four types for security, Disabled, WEP, TKIP
and Key or Peer Mac Address field valid or not. Choose
one of the types for the router. Please disable the unused
link to get better performance.
Key
Type 8 ~ 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits
leading by “0x”.
Peer Mac Address
Four peer MAC addresses are allowed to be entered in this
page at one time.
Phy Mode
There are three types of transmission rates developed by
different techniques for Phy Mode. Data will be transmitted
via communication channel.
CCK – If 802.11b wireless mode is used, please choose
such type as the Phy Mode.
OFDM – If 802.11g wireless mode is used, please choose
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such type as the Phy Mode.
HTMIX – If 802.11b/g/n wireless mode is used, please
choose such type as the Phy Mode.
Both clients (local and remote) must use the same Phy
Mode to have the same transmission rate.
OK
Click this button to save the configuration.
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4.10 USB Application
USB diskette can be regarded as an FTP server. By way of Vigor router, clients on LAN can
access, write and read data stored in USB diskette. After setting the configuration in USB
Application, you can type the IP address of the Vigor router and username/password created
in User>>User Configuration on the FTP client software. Thus, the client can use the FTP
site (USB diskette) through Vigor router.
4.10.1 USB General Settings
This page will determine the number of concurrent FTP connection and default charset for
FTP server. At present, the Vigor router can support USB diskette with versions of FAT16 and
FAT32 only. Therefore, before connecting the USB diskette into the Vigor router, please make
sure the memory format for the USB diskette is FAT16 or FAT32. It is recommended for you
to use FAT32 for viewing the filename completely (FAT16 cannot support long filename).
Enable FTP
Check this box to enable FTP connection.
Enable Disk Sharing
Check this box to share the information on USB disk.
Workgroup Name
Type the name for FTP users for accessing into FTP server
(USB diskette). Be aware that users cannot access into USB
diskette in anonymity. Later, you can open FTP client software
and type the username specified here for accessing into USB
storage diskette.
4.10.2 FTP User Management
This page allows you to change user setting for USB storage disk. Before modifying settings
in this page, please insert a USB diskette and configure settings in User>>User
Configuration first. Otherwise, an error message will appear to warn you.
Click the name link under User Name to open the setting web page.
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User Name
It displays the username that user uses to login to the FTP
server.
Volume
Select the proper volume for the connected USB diskette.
Home Folder
It determines the range for the client to access into.
The user can enter a directory name in this field. Then, after
clicking OK, the router will create the specific/new folder in the
USB diskette. In addition, if the user types “/” here, he/she can
access into all of the disk folders and files in USB diskette.
Note: When write protect status for the USB diskette is ON,
you cannot type any new folder name in this field. Only “/” can
be used in such case.
Access Rule
Select the access right for the USB diskette.
When you finish the settings, simply click OK to save the configuration.
4.10.3 Disk Status
This page can display current using status of the USB diskette. If you want to remove the
diskette from USB port in router, please check the box of Safely Remove Disk first. And then,
remove the USB diskette later.
Safely Remove Disk
Check this box and then you can remove the USB diskette
safely.
Manufacturer
Display the manufacturer of the disk.
Model
Display the type of the disk.
Size
Display the storage space of the diskette(s).
Free Capacity
Display the free disk space of the diskette(s).
Status
Display current usage status of the diskette(s)
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Update
Click this button to refresh the disk status.
4.10.4 Disk Shares
This page can define the folder which will be shared while Samba File Sharing is enabled.
To add a new entry for disk sharing, please click Add a New Entry to open the following
page.
Share Name
Type a name to be known by other computers in local network.
The name must not contain spaces or special characters.
Comment
Type the brief description for the disk sharing. The words here
will be seen in Network Neighborhood on Windows client
computers
Volume
Select the proper volume for the connected USB diskette.
Path
It determines the range for the client to access into.
The user can enter a directory name in this field. Then, after
clicking OK, the router will create the specific/new folder in the
USB diskette. In addition, if the user types “/” here, he/she can
access into all of the disk folders and files in USB diskette.
Note: When write protect status for the USB diskette is ON,
you cannot type any new folder name in this field. Only “/” can
be used in such case.
Visible
Check this box to make this USB diskette to be seen in Network
Neighborhood on Windows of clients in local network.
Access Rights
Specify the access right and apply to all the wireless clients that
want to connect to the attached USB diskette.
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All Users Read-only - everyone has read-only access to the
share disk.
All Users Read-write - everyone has read-write access to the
share disk.
Specific Users – Only specific user(s) can access into the share
disk.
4.11 IPv6
4.11.1 IPv6 WAN Setup
This page defines the IPv6 connection types for WAN interface. Possible types contain
Link-Local only, Static IPv6, DHCPv6 and TSPC. Each type requires different parameter
settings.
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Link-Local Only
Link-Local address is used for communicating with neighbouring nodes on the same link. It is
defined by the address prefix fe80::/10. You don't need to setup Link-Local address manually
for it is generated automatically according to your MAC Address.
IPv6 Address
The least significant 64 bits are usually chosen as the interface
hardware address constructed in modified EUI-64 format.
Prefix Length
Display the fixed value (64) for prefix length.
Static IPv6
This type allows you to setup static IPv6 address for WAN.
IPv6 Address
Type your IPv6 static IP here.
Prefix Length
Type your IPv6 address prefix length here.
Gateway IPv6 Server
Type your IPv6 gateway address here.
Primary DNS Server
Type your IPv6 primary DNS Server address here.
Secondary DNS Server
Type your IPv6 secondary DNS Server address here.
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DHCPv6 Client (IA_NA)
DHCPv6 client mode would use IA_NA option of DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 address
from server.
Primary DNS Server
Type primary DNS Server address here.
Secondary DNS Server
Type secondary DNS Server address here
DHCPv6 Client (IA_PD)
DHCPv6 client mode would use IA_PD option of DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 prefix
from server.
TSPC
Tunnel setup protocol client (TSPC) is an application which could help you to connect to IPv6
network easily.
Please make sure your IPv4 WAN connection is OK and apply one free account from hexage
(http://go6.net/4105/register.asp) before you try to use TSPC for network connection. TSPC
would connect to tunnel broker and requests a tunnel according to the specifications inside the
configuration file. It gets a public IPv6 IP address and an IPv6 prefix from the tunnel broker
and then monitors the state of the tunnel in background.
After getting the IPv6 prefix and starting router advertisement daemon (RADVD), the PC
behind this router can directly connect to IPv6 the Internet.
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Username
Type the name obtained from the broker. “vigor2750” is a
default username applied from
http://go6.net/4105/register.asp. It is suggested for you to
apply another username and password.
Password
Type the password assigned with the user name.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make the confirmation.
Tunnel Broker
Type the address for the tunnel broker IP, FQDN or an
optional port number.
Tunnel Mode
IPv6-in-IPv4 Tunnel- Let the broker choose the tunnel
mode appropriate for the client.
IPv6-in-IPv4 (Native) - Request an IPv6 in IPv4 tunnel.
IPv6-in-IPv4 (NAT Traversal - Request an IPv6 in UDP
of IPv4 tunnel (for clients behind a NAT).
Auto-reconnect Delay
After passing the time set here, the client will retry to
connect in case of failure or keepalive timeout.
0 means not retry.
Keepalive
Yes – Keep the connection between TSPC and tunnel
broker always on. TSPC will send ping packet to make
sure the connection between both ends is normal.
No - The client will not send keepalives.
Keepalive_interval
Type the time for the interval between two keepalive
messages transferring from the client to the broker.
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Prefixlen
Type the required prefix length for the client network.
If_prefix
Display LAN interface name. The name of the OS
interface that will be configured with the first 64 of the
received prefix from the broker and the router
advertisement daemon is started to advertise that prefix on
the if_prefix interface.
4.11.2 IPv6 LAN Setup
This page defines the IPv6 connection types for LAN interface. Possible types contain
DHCPv6 Server and RADVD. Each type requires different parameter settings.
IPv6 Address
Type static IPv6 address for LAN.
IPv6 Link_local Address
It is used for communicating with neighbouring nodes on
the same link. It is defined by the address prefix fe80::/10.
You don't need to setup Link-Local address manually for it
is generated automatically according to your MAC
Address.
Enable Autoconfiguration
Check this box to enable the auto-configuration function
for IPv6 connection.
Configuration Type
Vigor2750 provides 2 daemons for LAN side IPv6 address
configuration. One is RADVD(stateless) and the other is
DHCPv6 Server (Stateful).
DHCPv6 Server- DHCPv6 Server could assign IPv6
address to PC according to the Start/End IPv6 address
configuration.
IPv6 Start Address/IPv6 End Address- Type the start and
end address for IPv6 server.
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RADVD - The router advertisement daemon (radvd) sends
Router Advertisement messages, specified by RFC 2461,
to a local Ethernet LAN periodically and when requested
by a node sending a Router Solicitation message. These
messages are required for IPv6 stateless autoconfiguration.
Advertisement Lifetime - The lifetime associated with
the default router in units of seconds. It's used to control
the lifetime of the prefix. The maximum value corresponds
to 18.2 hours. A lifetime of 0 indicates that the router is not
a default router and should not appear on the default router
list.
4.11.3 IPv6 Firewall Setup
This page allows users to set firewall rules for IPv6 packets.
Note: Section 4.4 Firewall is configured for IPv4 packets only.
Name
Display the name of the rule.
Protocol
Display the protocol (TCP/UDP/ICMPv6) the rule uses.
Source IP
Display the source IP address of such rule.
Destination IP
Display the destination IP address of such rule.
Source Port
Display the source port number of such rule.
Destination Port
Display the destination port number of such rule.
Action
Display the status (accept or drop) of such rule.
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Adding a New Rule
Click Add New Rule to configure a new rule for IPv6 Firewall.
Note: You can set up to 20 sets of IPv6 rules.
Name
Type a name for the rule.
Protocol
Specify a protocol for this rule.
Source IP Type
Determine the IP type as the source.
Source IP
Type the IP address here if you choose Single as Source
IP Type.
Source Subnet
Type the subnet mask here if you choose Subnet as
Source IP Type.
Destination IP Type
Determine the IP type as the destination.
Destination IP
Type the IP address here if you choose Single as
Destination IP Type.
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Destination Subnet
Type the subnet mask here if you choose Subnet as
Destination IP Type.
Source Start Port
Type a value as the source start port. Such value will be
available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Source End Port (optional)
Type a value as the source end port. Such value will be
available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Destination Start Port
Type a value as the destination start port. Such value will
be available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Destination End Port (optional) Type a value as the destination end port. Such value will be
available only TCP/UDP is selected as the protocol.
Action
Set the action that the router will perform for the packets
through the protocol of IPv6.
Accept – If the IPv6 packets fit the condition listed in this
page, the router will let it pass through.
Drop - If the IPv6 packets fit the condition listed in this
page, the router will block it.
Example:
Refer to the following example.
1.
Use TSPC mode to connect to IPv6 network.
PC get ipv6 IP: 2001:5c0:1503:7400:30e4:139d:53c8:3a1e
2.
Connect PC to http://www.ipv6.org/ with IPv6 IP address.
A message will appear from the web page:
Welcome to the IPv6 Information Page!
You are using IPv6 from 2001:5c0:1503:7400:30e4:139d:53c8:3a1e
3.
Set firewall rule to block all TCP traffic from this IP address.
4.
Open IPv6 >> IPv6 Firewall Setup and press Add New Rule.
In the following dialog, please configure the page with the following values.
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5.
Connect PC to http://www.ipv6.org/ with IPv6 IP address again.
A message will appear from web page:
Welcome to the IPv6 Information Page!
You are using IPv4 from 114.37.132.219
4.11.4 IPv6 Routing
This page displays the routing table for the protocol of IPv6.
Device
Display the interface name (eth0, eth1, fp, etc..)that used to
transfer packets with addresses matching the prefix.
Prefix
The IPv6 address prefix.
Metric
Display the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
It is not used by recent kernels, but may be needed by
routing daemons.
Expires
Display the lifetime of the route.
MTU
Display the largest size (in bytes) of a packet.
Advmss
Display the largest size (in bytes) of an unfragmented piece
of a routing advertisement.
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Hoplimit
Display the number of network segments on which the
packet is allowed to travel before discarded.
Auto-refresh
Check this box to enable an automatic refresh of the page
at regular intervals.
4.11.5 IPv6 Neighbour
IPv6 uses neighbor discovery protocol to find out neighbors on the same link.
Device
The interface name of the link where the neighbor is on.
IP Address
The IPv6 address of the neighbor.
MAC Address
The link-layer address of the neighbor.
State
Possible states include:
incomplete - address resolution is in progress.
reachable - neighbor is reachable.
stale – neighbor(s) may be unreachable but not verified
until a packet is sent).
delay - neighbor may be unreachable and a packet was sent.
probe - neighbor may be unreachable and probes are sent
to verify the reachability.
Auto-refresh
Check this box to enable an automatic refresh of the page
at regular intervals.
4.11.6 IPv6 TSPC Status
IPv6 TSPC status web page could help you to diagnose the connection status of TSPC. TSPC
log contains some debug information from program.
If TSPC has not configured properly, the router will display the following page when the user
tries to connect through TSPC connection.
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When TSPC configuration has been done, the router will start to connect. The connecting page
will be shown as below:
When the router detects all the information, the screen will be shown as follows. One set of
TSPC prefix and prefix length will be obtained after the connection between TSPC and
Tunnel broker built.
Connection Status
It will bring out different pages to represent IPv6
disconnection, connecting and connected.
Tunnel Information
Display interface name (used to send TSPC prefix), tunnel
mode, local endpoint addresses, remote endpoint address,
TSPC Prfix, TSPC Prefixlen (prefix length), tunnel broker
and so on.
Tunnel Status
Disconnected - The remote client doesn't connect to the
tunnel server.
Connecting - The remote client is connecting to the tunnel
server.
Connected – The remote client has been connected to the
tunnel server.
Activity
Sent - sent to the tunnel (RX bytes).
Received - received from the tunnel (RX bytes).
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When the router connects to the tunnel broker, the router will use RADVD to transmit the
prefix to the PC on LAN. Next, the PC will generate one set of IPv6 public IP (see the figure
below). Users can use such IP for connecting to IPv6 network.
When your PC obtains the IPv6 address, please connect to http://www.ipv6.org. If your PC
access Internet via IPv6 connection, your IPv6 address will be shown on the web page
immediately. Refer to the following figure.
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4.11.7 IPv6 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for IPv6 access control including settings of
HTTP, HTTPs, SSH, FTP and TELNET by using IPv6 protocol. Check the box and type the
port number respectively to enable the remote management of services.
Enable
HTTP/HTTPS/SSH/ICMP
Ping/FTP/TELNET
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the router
from Internet. Check the box(es) to specify.
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4.12 User
4.12.1 User Configuration
This page allows you to set user’s setting that allowed to use PPTP, FTP, IPSEC/L2TP
connection.
Adding a New User
Click Add a New User to open the following page.
Username
Type a name for this user.
Full Name
Type full name for this user.
Password
Type the password for this user.
Confirm Password
Type the password again for confirmation.
Allow Disk Sharing
Check this box to have the remote user share the disk
information.
Allow IPSEC/L2TP
Check this box to let the remote user connecting to this
device through IPSEC/L2TP.
Allow PPTP
Check this box to let the remote user connecting to this
device through PPTP.
Allow FTP
Check this box to let the remote user connecting to FTP
server via this router.
Delete User
Remove settings on current page and delete the user. This
button is not available for new configuration by pressing
Add a New User.
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When you finish the settings, simply click OK to save the configuration. The new user will be
created and displayed on the page.
Editing/Deleting User Settings
To edit a user, click the name link under Username to open the following page. Modify the
settings except Username and then click OK to save and exit it. If you want to remove such
user settings, simply click Delete User.
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4.13 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, User Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog/Mail Alert, Time and Date,
Management, Reboot System, and Firmware Upgrade.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
4.13.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and
WAN interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or
firmware related information from this presentation.
Model Name
Display the model name of the router.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the router.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
System Date
Display current time and date for the system server.
System Uptime
Display the connection time for the system server.
System-------
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CPU Usage
Display the percentage of the CPU usage of your system.
Memory Usage
Display the size of the memory usage and the percentage.
LAN------MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
IP Mask
Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
IPv6 Address (Global)
Display the global IPv6 address of the LAN interface.
IPv6 Address (Link)
Display the link local IPv6 address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
Display if the DHCP server is active or not.
WAN------Connection Mode
Display current connection type used.
Link Status
Display the connection status.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
IP Mask
Display the subnet mask address of the WAN interface.
IPv6 Address (Link)
Display the IPv6 address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Display the gateway address of the WAN interface.
Primary DNS
Display the specified primary DNS setting.
Secondary DNS
Display the specified secondary DNS setting.
Wireless LAN------MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the wireless LAN.
Device Type
Display the device type used for wireless LAN.
SSID
Display the SSID of the router.
Channel
Display the channel that wireless LAN used.
Manufacturer
Display the manufacturer of the disk.
Model
Display the model of the disk.
Size
Display the storage size of the USB diskette.
Status
Display current status of the USB diskette.
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4.13.2 TR-069
Vigor router with TR-069 is available for matching with VigorACS server. Such page
provides VigorACS and CPE settings under TR-069 protocol. All the settings configured here
is for CPE to be controlled and managed with VigorACS server. Users need to type URL,
username and password for the VigorACS server that such device will be connected. However
URL, username and password under CPE client are fixed that users cannot change it. The
default CPE username and password are "vigor" and "password". You will need it when you
configure VigorACS server.
ACS Settings
Such data must be typed according to the ACS (Auto
Configuration Server) you want to link. Please refer to
VigorACS user’s manual for detailed information.
URL - Type the URL for VigorACS server.
If the connected CPE needs to be authenticated, please
set URL as the following and type username and
password for VigorACS server:
http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/ACSServl
et
If the connected CPE does not need to be authenticated
please set URL as the following:
http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/UnAuthAC
SServlet
Username/Password - Type username and password for
ACS Server for authentication. For example, if you want
to use such CPE with VigorACS, you can type as the
following:
Username: acs
Password: password
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CPE Settings
Such information is useful for Auto Configuration
Server.
Enable/Disable – Allow/Deny the CPE Client to connect
with Auto Configuration Server.
Port – Sometimes, port conflict might be occurred. To
solve such problem, you might change port number for
CPE.
Periodic Inform Settings
Disable – The system will not send inform message to
ACS server.
Enable – The system will send inform message to ACS
server periodically (with the time set in the box of
interval time).
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval time or
schedule time for the router to send notification to CPE.
Or click Disable to close the mechanism of notification.
4.13.3 System Password
This page allows you to set new password for admin operation.
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is blank.
New Password
Type in new password in this filed.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access into
the web configurator again.
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4.13.4 User Password
This page allows you to set new password for user operation.
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is blank.
New Password
Type in new password in this filed.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the web configurator again.
4.13.5 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Type a key arbitrarily for encrypting the file. Keep the key in mind. You will need it
whenever you want to restore such file. Click Backup button to get into the following
dialog. Click Save button to open another dialog for saving configuration as a file.
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3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name by
yourself.
4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Note: Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration Backup
does not include information of Certificate.
Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
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2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the router.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
Note: If the file you want to restore has been encrypted, you will be asked to type the
encrypted key before clicking Restore.
4.13.6 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get into
the Web Configurator of the router or borrow debug equipments.
Enable (Syslog Access…)
Check “Enable” to activate function of syslog.
Router Name
Assign a name of this device.
Server IP Address
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port
Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
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Log Level
Choose the severity level for the system log entry.
User access log
Check this box to record the user MAC address, the access
IP address and the access port.
Enable (Mail Alert…)
Check “Enable” to activate function of mail alert.
SMTP Server
The IP address of the SMTP server.
Mail To
Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Mail From
Assign a path for receiving the mail from outside.
User Name
Type the user name for authentication.
Password
Type the password for authentication.
Enable E-mail Alert
Check the box of User Login to send alert message to the
e-mail box while the router detecting the item(s) you
specify here.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Router Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on the
Router Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the router you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the router.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the router.
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4.13.7 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Add NTP server
Click the button to add a new NTP server.
Delete
Click this button to remove an NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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4.13.8 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for access control, access list, port setup, and
SMP setup. For example, as to management access control, the port number is used to
send/receive SIP message for building a session. The default value is 5060 and this must
match with the peer Registrar when making VoIP calls.
Enable
HTTP/HTTPS/SSH/ICMP
Ping/FTP/TELNET
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the router
from Internet. Check the box(es) to specify.
Enable SNMP
Check it to enable such service.
Manager Host IP – Set one host as the manager to
execute SNMP function. Type the IP address to specify
the certain host.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list.
A maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
router.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login
to the router.
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4.13.9 Reboot System
The Web Configurator may be used to restart your router for using current configuration.
Click Reboot System from System Maintenance to open the following page.
Click OK. The router will take 5 seconds to reboot the system.
Note: When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web settings,
please click OK to reboot your router for ensuring normal operation and preventing
unexpected errors of the router in the future.
4.13.10 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you to upgrade
firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows OS
(Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site is
www.draytek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.draytek.com.
Click Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click Browse.. to locate the newest firmware and click Upgrade. During the process of
upgrade, do not turn off your router.
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4.14 Diagnostics
Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor router.
Below shows the menu items for Diagnostics.
4.14.1 Ping
Click Diagnostics and click Ping to open the web page. It is used to troubleshoot IP
connection for your router.
IP Address
Type in the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Ping Size
Type in the payload size of the ICMP packet. Values range from 8
bytes to 1400 bytes.
Start
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be displayed
on the screen.
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4.14.2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Destination
Display the IP address for destination network or
destination host.
Gateway
Display the gateway address or “*” if none set.
Genmask
Display the netmask for the destination net;
'255.255.255.255' is for a host destination and '0.0.0.0' is
for the default route.
Flags
Different codes represent different routing status.
U - route is up.
H - target is a host
G - use gateway
R - reinstate route for dynamic routing
D - dynamically installed by daemon or redirect
M - modified from routing daemon or redirect
A - installed by addrconf
C - cache entry
! - reject route
Metric
Display the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
Ref
Display number of references to this route. (Not used in the
Linux kernel.)
Use
Display count of lookups for the route. Depending on the
use of -F and –C, this will be either route cache misses (-F)
or hits (-C).
Iface
Display interface to which packets for this route will be
sent.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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4.14.3 System Log
Click Diagnostics and click System Log to open the web page.
Time
Display the time of the system log entry.
Level
Display the severity level of the system log entry.
Type
Display the type or subsystem of the system log entry.
Message
Display a short description of the system log entry.
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Reverse
Check it to have newest log entries presented first.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Export
Click it to export the log as a text file.
Clear
Click it to remove all of the records.
4.14.4 Traffic Overview
This page offers an overview of general traffic statistics for all connecting ports.
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Port
Display the interface that data transmission passing
through.
Packets
Display the packet sizes for data transmission in receiving
and sending.
Bytes
Display the number of received and transmitted bytes per
port.
Errors
Display the number of the error occurred in data receiving
and data sending.
Drops
Display the number of the data lost in receiving and
sending.
Filtered
Display the number of received frames filtered by the
forwarding process.
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Clear
Click it to clear the counters for all ports.
4.14.5 Detailed Statistics
This page display detailed statistics for WAN/LAN interface.
Rx Packets
Display the counting number of the packet received.
Rx Octets
Display the total received bytes.
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Rx Unicast
Display the counting number of the received unicast
packet.
Rx Broadcast
Display the counting number of the received broadcast
packet.
Rx Pause
Display the counting number of the received pause packet.
RX 64 Bytes
Display the number of 64-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
RX 65-127 Bytes
Display the number of 65 ~ 127-byte frames in good and
bad packets received.
RX 128-255 Bytes
Display the number of 128 ~ 255-byte frames in good and
bad packets received.
RX 256-511 Bytes
Display the number of 256 ~ 511-byte frames in good and
bad packets received.
RX 512-1023 Bytes
Display the number of 512 ~ 1023-byte frames in good and
bad packets received.
RX 1024- 1526 Bytes
Display the number of 1024-1522-byte frames in good and
bad packets received.
RX 1527 Bytes
Display the number of 1527-byte frames in good and bad
packets received.
Rx Low
Display the low queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Normal
Display the normal queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Medium
Display the medium queue counter of the packet received.
Rx High
Display the high queue counter of the packet received.
Rx Drops
Display the number of frames dropped due to the lack of
receiving buffer.
Rx CRC/Alignment
Display the number of Alignment errors packets received.
Rx Undersize
Display the number of short frames (<64 Bytes) with valid
CRC.
Rx Oversize
Display the number of long frames (according to
max_length register) with valid CRC.
Rx Fragments
Display the number of short frames (< 64 bytes) with
invalid CRC.
Rx Jabber
Display the number of long frames (according
tomax_length register) with invalid CRC.
Rx Filtered
Display the filtered number of the packet received.
Tx Packets
Display the counting number of the packet transmitted.
Tx Octets
Display the total transmitted bytes.
Tx Unicast
Display the show the counting number of the transmitted
unicast packet.
Tx Multicast
Display the show the counting number of the transmitted
multicast packet.
Tx Broadcast
Display the counting number of the transmitted broadcast
packet.
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Tx Pause
Show the counting number of the transmitted pause packet.
Tx 64 Bytes
Display the number of 64-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx 65-127 Bytes
Display the number of 65 ~ 127-byte frames in good and
bad packets transmitted.
Tx 128-255 Bytes
Display the number of 128 ~ 255-byte frames in good and
bad packets transmitted.
Tx 256-511 Bytes
Display the number of 256 ~ 511-byte frames in good and
bad packets transmitted.
Tx 512-1023 Bytes
Display the number of 512 ~ 1023-byte frames in good and
bad packets transmitted.
Tx 1024- 1526 Bytes
Display the number of 1024 ~ 1522-byt frames in good and
bad packets transmitted.
Tx 1527 Bytes:
Display the number of 1527-byte frames in good and bad
packets transmitted.
Tx Low
Display the low queue counter of the packet transmitted.
Tx Normal
Display the normal queue counter of the packet
transmitted.
Tx Medium
Display the medium queue counter of the packet received.
Tx High
Display the high queue counter of the packet received.
Tx Drops
Display the number of frames dropped due to excessive
collision, late collision, or frame aging.
Tx lat/Exc.Coll.
Display the number of Frames late collision or excessive
collision Error, which switch transmitted
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Clear
Click it to clear the counters for all ports.
4.14.6 MAC Address Table
The MAC Address Table contains up to 8192 entries, and is sorted first by VLAN ID, then by
MAC address.
Each page shows up to 999 entries from the MAC table, default being 20, selected through the
"entries per page" input field. When first visited, the web page will show the first 20 entries
from the beginning of the MAC Table. The first displayed will be the one with the lowest
VLAN ID and the lowest MAC address found in the MAC Table.
The Start from MAC address and VLAN input fields allow the user to select the starting
point in the MAC Table. Clicking the Refresh button will update the displayed table starting
from that or the closest next MAC Table match. In addition, the two input fields will assume
the value of the first displayed entry, allowing for continuous refresh with the same start
address.
The button >> will use the last entry of the currently displayed VLAN/MAC address pairs as a
basis for the next lookup. When the end is reached the text "no more entries" is shown in the
displayed table, use the l<< button to start over.
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Type
Indicate whether the entry is a static or dynamic entry.
VLAN
Display the VLAN ID of that entry.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of that entry.
Port Members
Display the port of that entry.
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Clear
Click it to clear the whole table.
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4.14.7 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Computer Name
It displays the name of the computer accepted the assigned
IP address by this router.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this router for
specified PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that
DHCP assigned IP address for it.
Expire Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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4.14.8 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure for the IP address monitored and refreshes the data
in an interval of several seconds. The IP address listed here is configured in Bandwidth
Management. You have to enable IP bandwidth limit and IP session limit before invoke Data
Flow Monitor. If not, a notification dialog box will appear to remind you enabling it.
Click Diagnostics and click Data Flow Monitor to open the web page. You can click IP
Address, TX rate, RX rate or Session link for arranging the data display.
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Index
Display the number of the data flow.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
RX rate (kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Hardware NAT rate
Display the data processing rate of the monitored device if
hardware NAT is enabled.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit
Session web page.
Action
Block - can prevent specified PC accessing into Internet
within 5 minutes.
Unblock – the device with the IP address will be blocked
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in five minutes. The remaining time will be shown on the
session column.
4.14.9 Ports State
Click Diagnostics and click Ports State to open the list page. There are for LAN ports and
one DSL port in your router. Through this page, you can know which port is using and you
can get the detailed statistics for each port by moving and clicking the mouse on the connected
one.
Auto-refresh
Check it to enable auto-refresh function.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page if you change the LAN port
connection. Or you can check Auto-refresh to reload the
page by the system automatically.
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This page is left blank.
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5
Application and Examples
5.1 Application for Multi-VLAN
With multi-VLAN feature provided by Vigor router, a user can easily access into Internet for
data transmission, dialing a VoIP phone call out, watching IPTV via IP-STB and so on. Below
shows an example of multi-VLAN application:
Please follow the steps below to configure multi-VLAN settings.
1. Go to LAN page and select VLAN. The following page will appear. VLAN function is
enabled in default.
2. Click Add New Private VLAN and type 2 as VLAN ID for IPTV on LAN1.
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3. Go to WAN page and select Multi-VLAN. Configure the settings as the following figure.
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5.2 How to use QoS function in Vigor2750?
Like other Vigor Routers, Vigor2750 provides 4 traffic classes: High, Medium, Normal
and Low. The non-matching packets will be categorized to the default class (default is
Normal).
1.
The first step to enable QoS is to set the correct WAN TX/RX Rate in Port Rate
Control page.
Policer Enabled option means to enable QoS for the RX/ Incoming direction.
Shaper Enabled option means to enable QoS for the TX/ Outgoing direction.
2.
Then, configure the ports or protocols with specific traffic class value. Open
Bandwidth Management >>QoS Control List. The default QoS configuration is like
below.
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From the above page, we can see TCP/UDP Ports 22, 23 and 5060 are under High
Traffic Class.
button; delete rules by clicking
We can add new rule by clicking the
and modifying rules by clicking
button.
button
All the Ports mentioned mean the destination ports.
3.
Vigor2130 provides 5 QoS configuration profiles. Users can use different QoS profiles
at different time.
For example, we can use default QoS profile in working hours but use another profile
(e.g. UDP port 6881 for BT with medium priority) in non-working hours.
4.
The last step is to select the QoS profile and configure the Queuing Weighted mode
and rate.
Weighted mode means Vigor will process the packets from different classes
according to the setting rate. For example, process 8 packets from High class, 4
packets from Medium class, 2 packets from Normal class and 1 packet from Low
class at the same time.
Strict Priority mode means Vigor will always process the packets from High Class at
first, then the packets from Medium class, then the normal class.
The application of High priority class may run out all the bandwidth and it may cause
the traffics from lower class stopping work.
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5.
After setting up above configurations, we can see the packet counters in QoS
Statistics page.
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Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the router and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below to
check your basic installation status stage by stage.
z
Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.
z
Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.
z
Pinging the router from your computer.
z
Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.
z
Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the router still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
6.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check the power line and WLAN/LAN connections.
Refer to “1.3 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Turn on the router. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“1.3 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
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6.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure the
network connection settings is OK.
For Windows
The example is based on Windows XP. As to the examples for other operation
systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.draytek.com.
1.
Go to Control Panel and then double-click on Network Connections.
2.
Right-click on Local Area Connection and click on Properties.
3.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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4.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically.
For Mac OS
1.
Double click on the current used Mac OS on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure IPv4.
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6.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might need
to use “ping” command to check the link status of the router. The most important thing is
that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the IP address
of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP automatically.
(Please refer to the section 5.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the router correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP/Vista).
The DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For Mac OS (Terminal)
1.
Double click on the current used Mac OS on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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6.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
Open WAN>>Internet Access page and then check whether the ISP settings are set correctly.
Use the Connection Type drop down list to choose Static IP/DHCP/PPPoE/PPTP/L2TP/3G
USB Modem for reviewing the settings that you configured previously.
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6.5 Forcing Vigor Router into TFTP Mode for Performing the
Firmware Upgrade
1.
Press and hold the Factory Reset button. The system will power off and power on the
Vigor Router.
2.
Release the Factory Reset button when the ACT LED and its neighbor LED blink
simultaneously.
There are different LED blinking methods in describing TFTP mode status:
Vigor2750: ACT LED & its neighbor LED blink simultaneously.
3.
Change your PC IP address to 192.168.1.10.
4.
Open Firmware Upgrade Utility and key in Router IP 192.168.1.1 manually.
5.
Install Router Tools on one computer that connects to Vigor Router's LAN port.
6.
Make sure the computer can ping Vigor's LAN IP. ( Default IP is 192.168.1.1 )
7.
Run Router Tools >> Firmware Upgrade Utility.
8.
Input Vigor's LAN IP manually or use the . . .button to select.
9.
Indicate the firmware location.
Note: There are two firmware types. The .rst firmware format will make the
configurations be back to default settings after upgrading firmware. The .all
firmware format will remain the former configurations after upgrading firmware.
10. Input the Password if you have set one, then click Send.
11. There is a bar showing the upgrading process.
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12. When the firmware upgrade is successful, the following window will pop up.
If the message of Request Timeout. Transfer Abort ! appears, please check if the connection
between the computer and the Vigor is active or not. And, if the message of Incorrect/No file
name. Transfer Abort ! appears, please check if the firmware you download is correct for
your Vigor router.
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Note: Please turn off the Firewall protection while upgrading the firmware with Windows
Vista. The Firewall function can be turned off via Control Panel >> Security Center >>
Firewall.
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6.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the router by software or hardware.
Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you did before.
Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing.
Software Reset
You can reset the router to factory default via Web page.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following
screen will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click OK. After few
seconds, the router will return all the settings to the factory settings.
Hardware Reset
While the router is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the button.
Then, the router will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the router again to
fit your personal request.
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6.7 Contacting Your Dealer
If the router still cannot work correctly after trying many efforts, please contact your dealer for
further help right away. For any questions, please feel free to send e-mail to
support@draytek.com.
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Appendix Basic Commands
This chapter offers some basic commands that users can use to adjust the device via Telnet.
Commands
Description
cat
Display the contents of a file.
cd
Change Directory.
clear
Clear terminal screen.
date
Display or change the date & time.
dmesg
Print kernel & driver messages.
find
Search for files that meet desired criteria.
free
Display memory usage.
grep
Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.
help
Display help for a built-in command.
ifconfig
Configure a network interface.
ifup
Start a network interface up.
ifdown
Stop a network interface.
kill
Stop a process from running.
ls
List information about file(s).
mount
Mount a file system.
top
List processes running on the system
ps
Process status
pwd
Print Working Directory
reboot
Reboot the system
Below shows several examples for your reference:
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