User`s guide | Draytek 2910 Network Router User Manual

Vigor2910
Dual-WAN Security Router
User’s Guide
Version: 3.2
Date: 2007/10/01
Copyright 2007 All rights reserved.
This publication contains information that is protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the copyright
holders. The scope of delivery and other details are subject to change without prior notice.
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Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP and Explorer are trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
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Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
Table of Contents
1
Preface ...............................................................................................................1
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation ................................................................................. 1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors .............................................................................................. 1
1.2.1 For Vigor2910 ................................................................................................................... 2
1.2.2 For Vigor2910G ................................................................................................................ 3
1.2.3 For Vigor2910i .................................................................................................................. 4
1.2.4 For Vigor2910V................................................................................................................. 5
1.2.5 For Vigor2910VG.............................................................................................................. 6
1.2.6 For Vigor2910VGi ............................................................................................................. 7
1.3 Hardware Installation .............................................................................................................. 8
1.4 Printer Installation ................................................................................................................... 9
2
Configuring Basic Settings ............................................................................15
2.1 Changing Password .............................................................................................................. 15
2.2 Quick Start Wizard ................................................................................................................ 17
2.2.1 PPPoE ............................................................................................................................ 18
2.2.2 PPTP............................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.3 Static IP........................................................................................................................... 21
2.2.4 L2TP ............................................................................................................................... 22
2.2.5 DHCP.............................................................................................................................. 23
2.3 Online Status......................................................................................................................... 24
2.4 Saving Configuration............................................................................................................. 26
3
Advanced Web Configuration..................................................................................27
3.1 WAN ...................................................................................................................................... 27
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network......................................................................... 27
3.1.2 Network Connection by 3G USB Modem ....................................................................... 28
3.1.3 General Setup................................................................................................................. 28
3.1.4 Internet Access ............................................................................................................... 31
3.1.5 Load-Balance Policy ....................................................................................................... 39
3.2 LAN ....................................................................................................................................... 42
3.2.1 Basics of LAN ................................................................................................................. 42
3.2.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 44
3.2.3 Static Route .................................................................................................................... 46
3.2.4 Bind IP to MAC ............................................................................................................... 49
3.3 NAT ....................................................................................................................................... 50
3.3.1 Port Redirection .............................................................................................................. 50
3.3.2 DMZ Host........................................................................................................................ 52
3.3.3 Open Ports...................................................................................................................... 55
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
3.4 Objects and Groups .............................................................................................................. 57
3.4.1 IP Object ......................................................................................................................... 57
3.4.2 IP Group ......................................................................................................................... 59
3.4.3 Service Type Object ....................................................................................................... 60
3.4.4 Service Type Group........................................................................................................ 61
3.4.5 CSM Profile..................................................................................................................... 62
3.5 Firewall .................................................................................................................................. 64
3.5.1 Basics for Firewall........................................................................................................... 64
3.5.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 67
3.5.3 Filter Setup ..................................................................................................................... 68
3.5.4 DoS Defense .................................................................................................................. 74
3.5.5 URL Content Filter .......................................................................................................... 77
3.5.6 Web Content Filter.......................................................................................................... 79
3.6 Bandwidth Management ....................................................................................................... 80
3.6.1 Sessions Limit................................................................................................................. 80
3.6.2 Bandwidth Limit .............................................................................................................. 81
3.6.3 Quality of Service............................................................................................................ 82
3.7 Applications ........................................................................................................................... 89
3.7.1 Dynamic DNS ................................................................................................................. 89
3.7.2 Schedule ......................................................................................................................... 91
3.7.3 RADIUS .......................................................................................................................... 93
3.7.4 UPnP............................................................................................................................... 94
3.7.5 Wake On LAN................................................................................................................. 95
3.8 VPN and Remote Access...................................................................................................... 97
3.8.1 Remote Access Control .................................................................................................. 97
3.8.2 PPP General Setup ........................................................................................................ 97
3.8.3 IPSec General Setup ...................................................................................................... 99
3.8.4 IPSec Peer Identity ....................................................................................................... 100
3.8.5 Remote Dial-in User ..................................................................................................... 102
3.8.6 LAN to LAN................................................................................................................... 105
3.8.7 VPN TRUNK Management........................................................................................... 114
3.8.8 Connection Management.............................................................................................. 117
3.9 Certificate Management .......................................................................................................119
3.9.1 Local Certificate ............................................................................................................ 119
3.9.2 Trusted CA Certificate .................................................................................................. 121
3.9.3 Certificate Backup......................................................................................................... 122
3.10 VoIP................................................................................................................................... 123
3.10.1 DialPlan ...................................................................................................................... 124
3.10.2 SIP Accounts .............................................................................................................. 128
3.10.3 Phone Settings ........................................................................................................... 131
3.10.4 Status.......................................................................................................................... 141
3.11 ISDN .................................................................................................................................. 142
3.11.1 General Setup............................................................................................................. 142
3.11.2 Dialing to a Single ISP ................................................................................................ 144
3.11.3 Dialing to Dual ISPs.................................................................................................... 145
3.11.4 Virtual TA .................................................................................................................... 145
3.11.5 Call Control ................................................................................................................. 149
3.12 Wireless LAN .................................................................................................................... 151
3.12.1 Basic Concepts........................................................................................................... 151
3.12.2 General Settings ......................................................................................................... 154
3.12.3 Security ....................................................................................................................... 156
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3.12.4 Access Control............................................................................................................ 158
3.12.5 WDS............................................................................................................................ 159
3.12.6 AP Discovery .............................................................................................................. 161
3.12.7 Station List .................................................................................................................. 162
3.12.8 Station Rate Control ................................................................................................... 163
3.13 VLAN ................................................................................................................................. 163
3.13.1 Wired VLAN ................................................................................................................ 163
3.13.2 Wireless VLAN............................................................................................................ 164
3.13.3 VLAN Cross Setup...................................................................................................... 168
3.13.4 Wireless Rate Control................................................................................................. 169
3.14 System Maintenance......................................................................................................... 170
3.14.1 System Status............................................................................................................. 170
3.14.2 TR-069 Setting............................................................................................................ 171
3.14.3 Administrator Password.............................................................................................. 172
3.14.4 Configuration Backup ................................................................................................. 172
3.14.5 Syslog/Mail Alert ......................................................................................................... 174
3.14.6 Time and Date ............................................................................................................ 176
3.14.7 Management............................................................................................................... 177
3.14.8 Reboot System ........................................................................................................... 178
3.14.9 Firmware Upgrade ...................................................................................................... 179
3.15 Diagnostics........................................................................................................................ 180
3.15.1 Dial-out Trigger ........................................................................................................... 180
3.15.2 Routing Table ............................................................................................................. 181
3.15.3 ARP Cache Table ....................................................................................................... 181
3.15.4 DHCP Table................................................................................................................ 182
3.15.5 NAT Sessions Table ................................................................................................... 182
3.15.6 Wireless VLAN Online Station Table.......................................................................... 183
3.15.7 Data Flow Monitor....................................................................................................... 183
3.13.8 Traffic Graph............................................................................................................... 185
3.15.9 Ping Diagnosis............................................................................................................ 186
3.15.10 Trace Route .............................................................................................................. 186
4
Application and Examples ............................................................................189
4.1 Create a LAN-to-LAN Connection Between Remote Office and Headquarter ................... 189
4.2 Create a Remote Dial-in User Connection Between the Teleworker and Headquarter...... 196
4.3 QoS Setting Example.......................................................................................................... 200
4.4 LAN – Created by Using NAT ............................................................................................. 202
4.5 Calling Scenario for VoIP function ...................................................................................... 204
4.5.1 Calling via SIP Sever .................................................................................................... 204
4.5.2 Peer-to-Peer Calling ..................................................................................................... 206
4.6 Upgrade Firmware for Your Router ..................................................................................... 207
4.7 Request a certificate from a CA server on Windows CA Server ......................................... 209
4.8 Request a CA Certificate and Set as Trusted on Windows CA Server ............................... 213
4.9 VPN TRUNK Application ..................................................................................................... 215
4.10 ERD Mechanism for VPN TRUNK .................................................................................... 219
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Trouble Shooting ...........................................................................................221
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not.................................................................... 221
5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not ................. 221
5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer ............................................................................. 224
5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not ........................................................................ 226
5.5 Problems for 3G Network Connection ................................................................................ 227
5.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ................................................................ 228
5.7 Contacting Your Dealer ....................................................................................................... 229
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1
Preface
The Vigor2910 series router provides Dual-WAN interface (which is a configuration second
WAN) for Internet access to make the Internet connection more reliable. The wireless LAN
supports more secure features and the transmission speed is up to 108Mbps (SuperGTM).
Object-oriented firewall is flexible and allows your network be safe. In addition, through
VoIP function, the communication fee for you and remote people can be reduced.
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation
Several main buttons appeared on the web pages are defined as the following:
Save and apply current settings.
Cancel current settings and recover to the previous saved settings.
Discard current settings and allow users to input settings again.
Add new settings for specified item.
Edit the settings for the selected item.
Delete the selected item with the corresponding settings.
Note: For the other buttons shown on the web pages, please refer to Chapter 4 for
detailed explanation.
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and
connectors first.
The displays of LED indicators and connectors for the routers are different slightly. The
following sections will introduce them respectively.
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1.2.1 For Vigor2910
LED Explanation
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
The router is powered on and running properly.
Off
DMZ
QoS
On
On
The router is powered off.
DMZ Host is specified in certain site.
The QoS function is active.
Attack
Off
On
Blinking
The QoS function is inactive.
DoS Defense function is active.
An attack is detected.
VPN
On
The VPN tunnel is launched.
USB *
WAN(W1-W2)
On
Orange
Green
Blinking
Orange
The USB interface printer or 3G USB modem is ready.
A normal 10Mbps WAN link is ready.
A normal 100Mbps WAN link is ready.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
A normal 10Mbps connection is through its
corresponding port.
A normal 100Mbps connection is through its
corresponding port.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
LAN (P1, P2, P3,
P4)
Green
Blinking
Connector Explanation
Interface
Description
USB*
PWR
ON/OFF
LAN P4 – P1
W2/W1
Factory Reset
Connecter for a USB printer or 3G USB modem.
Connecter for a power adapter with 12-15VDC.
Power Switch.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing Internet with the ADSL,ADSL2/2+ line
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly
than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory
default configuration.
Note: For the USB port can be used to connect 3G USB modem or USB printer, therefore
the original name (printer) is changed into USB in the future.
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
1.2.2 For Vigor2910G
LED Explanation
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
On
Off
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
Off
On
Orange
Green
Blinking
Orange
The router is powered on and running properly.
The router is powered off.
DMZ Host is specified in certain site.
The QoS function is active.
The QoS function is inactive.
DoS Defense function is active.
An attack is detected.
Wireless access point is ready.
Wireless traffic goes through.
Wireless access point is turned off.
The USB interface printer or 3G USB modem is ready.
A normal 10Mbps WAN link is ready.
A normal 100Mbps WAN link is ready.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
A normal 10Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
A normal 100Mbps connection is through its
corresponding port.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
DMZ
QoS
Attack
WLAN
USB *
WAN(W1-W2)
LAN (P1, P2, P3,
P4)
Green
Blinking
Connector Explanation
Interface
Description
USB*
PWR
ON/OFF
LAN P4 – P1
W2/W1
Factory Reset
Connecter for a USB printer or 3G USB modem.
Connecter for a power adapter with 12-15VDC.
Power Switch.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing Internet with the ADSL,ADSL2/2+ line
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly
than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory
default configuration.
Note: For the USB port can be used to connect 3G USB modem or USB printer, therefore
the original name (printer) is changed into USB in the future.
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1.2.3 For Vigor2910i
LED Explanation
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
The router is powered on and running properly.
Off
The router is powered off.
On
The ISDN network is correctly setup.
Blinking
A successful connection on the ISDN BRI B1/B2 channel.
On
Off
On
Blinking
On
The QoS function is active.
The QoS function is inactive.
DoS Defense function is active.
An attack is detected.
The VPN tunnel is launched.
On
Orange
Green
Blinking
Orange
The USB interface printer or 3G USB modem is ready.
A normal 10Mbps WAN link is ready.
A normal 100Mbps WAN link is ready.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
A normal 10Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
A normal 100Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
ISDN
QoS
Attack
VPN
USB *
WAN(W1-W2)
LAN (P1, P2,
P3, P4)
Green
Blinking
Connector Explanation
Interface
Description
USB*
PWR
ON/OFF
Connecter for a USB printer or 3G USB modem.
Connecter for a power adapter with 12-15VDC.
Power Switch.
LAN P4 – P1
W2/W1
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing Internet with the ADSL,ADSL2/2+ line
ISDN
Factory Reset
Connecter for NT1 (or NT1+) box provided by ISDN service provider.
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than
usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory default
configuration.
Note: For the USB port can be used to connect 3G USB modem or USB printer, therefore
the original name (printer) is changed into USB in the future.
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
1.2.4 For Vigor2910V
LED Explanation
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
On
The router is powered on and running properly.
The router is powered off.
DMZ Host is specified in certain site.
The phone is off hook (the handset of phone is hanging).
DMZ
FXS1/FXS2
Blinking
A phone call is incoming or on-line.
VPN
On
The VPN tunnel is launched.
USB *
WAN(W1-W2)
On
Orange
The USB interface printer or 3G USB modem is ready.
Green
A normal 100Mbps WAN link is ready.
Blinking
Orange
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
Green
A normal 100Mbps connection is through its
corresponding port.
Blinking
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
LAN (P1, P2,
P3, P4)
A normal 10Mbps WAN link is ready.
A normal 10Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
Connector Explanation
Interface
Description
USB*
PWR
ON/OFF
FXS2 & FXS1
LAN P4 – P1
W2/W1
Factory Reset
Connecter for a USB printer or 3G USB modem.
Connecter for a power adapter with 12-15VDC.
Power Switch.
Connecters for telephone set and analog phone with VoIP communication.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing Internet with the ADSL,ADSL2/2+ line
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than
usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory default
configuration.
Note: For the USB port can be used to connect 3G USB modem or USB printer, therefore
the original name (printer) is changed into USB in the future.
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1.2.5 For Vigor2910VG
LED Explanation
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
Off
On
Orange
Green
Blinking
Orange
The router is powered on and running properly.
The router is powered off.
DMZ Host is specified in certain site.
The phone is off hook (the handset of phone is hanging).
A phone call is incoming or on-line.
Wireless access point is ready.
Wireless traffic goes through.
Wireless access point is turned off.
The USB interface printer or 3G USB modem is ready.
A normal 10Mbps WAN link is ready.
A normal 100Mbps WAN link is ready.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
A normal 10Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
A normal 100Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
DMZ
FXS1/FXS2
WLAN
USB *
WAN(W1-W2)
LAN (P1, P2,
P3, P4)
Green
Blinking
Connector Explanation
Interface
Description
USB*
PWR
ON/OFF
FXS2 & FXS1
LAN P4 – P1
W2/W1
Factory Reset
Connecter for a USB printer or 3G USB modem.
Connecter for a power adapter with 12-15VDC.
Power Switch.
Connecters for telephone set and the analog phone with VoIP communication.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing Internet with the ADSL,ADSL2/2+ line
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than
usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory default
configuration.
Note: For the USB port can be used to connect 3G USB modem or USB printer, therefore
the original name (printer) is changed into USB in the future.
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
1.2.6 For Vigor2910VGi
LED Explanation
LED
ACT (Activity)
ISDN
FXS1/FXS2
WLAN
USB *
WAN(W1-W2)
LAN (P1, P2,
P3, P4)
Status
Explanation
Blinking
Off
On
The router is powered on and running properly.
The router is powered off.
The ISDN network is correctly setup.
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
Off
On
Orange
Green
Blinking
Orange
A successful connection on the ISDN BRI B1/B2 channel.
The phone is off hook (the handset of phone is hanging).
A phone call is incoming or on-line.
Wireless access point is ready.
Wireless traffic goes through.
Wireless access point is turned off.
The USB interface printer or 3G USB modem is ready.
A normal 10Mbps WAN link is ready.
A normal 100Mbps WAN link is ready.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
A normal 10Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
A normal 100Mbps connection is through its corresponding
port.
Ethernet packets are transmitting.
Green
Blinking
Connector Explanation
Interface
Description
USB*
PWR
ON/OFF
FXS2 & FXS1
LAN P4 – P1
W2/W1
ISDN
Factory Reset
Connecter for a USB printer or 3G USB modem.
Connecter for a power adapter with 12-15VDC.
Power Switch.
Connecters for telephone set and analog phone with VoIP communication.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for accessing Internet with the ADSL,ADSL2/2+ line
Connecter for NT1 (or NT1+) box provided by ISDN service provider.
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking). Press the hole and keep for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than
usual, release the button. Then the router will restart with the factory default
configuration.
Note: For the USB port can be used to connect 3G USB modem or USB printer, therefore
the original name (printer) is changed into USB in the future.
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1.3 Hardware Installation
Before starting to configure the router, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect this device to a router/modem with an Ethernet cable.
2.
Connect one port of 4-port switch to your computer with a RJ-45 cable. This device
allows you to connect 4 PCs directly.
3.
Connect one end of the power cord to the power port of this device. Connect the other
end to the wall outlet of electricity.
4.
Connect the telephone sets with phone lines (for using VoIP function). For the user of
the model without VoIP ports, skip this step.
5.
Connect the ISDN NT1/1+ box with ISDN cable. This connection is available for
Europe only.
6.
Connect the printer/3.5G modem (e.g., Huawei E220 HSDPA USB Modem) to the
router with the USB cable and connect the power cord if requried. If you do not have a
printer/3.5G modem for using, skip this step. For detailed configuration of printer, refer
to section 1.4; detailed configuration of 3.5G modem, please refer to section 3.1.
7.
Power on the router.
8.
Check the ACT LED to assure network connections.
(For the detailed information of LED status, please refer to section 1.1.)
Caution: Each of the FXS ports can be connected to an analog phone only. Do not
connect the FXS ports to the telephone wall jack. This connection might damage your
router.
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
1.4 Printer Installation
You can install a printer onto the router for sharing printing. All the PCs connected this
router can print documents via the router. The example provided here is made based on
Windows XP/2000. For Windows 98/SE, please visit www.draytek.com.
Before using it, please follow the steps below to configure settings for connected computers
(or wireless clients).
1.
Connect the printer with the router through USB/parallel port.
2.
Open Start->Settings-> Printer and Faxes.
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3.
Open File->Add a New Computer. A welcome dialog will appear. Please click Next.
4.
Click Local printer attached to this computer and click Next.
5.
In this dialog, choose Create a new port Type of port and use the drop down list to
select Standard TCP/IP Port. Click Next.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
6.
In the following dialog, type 192.168.1.1 (router’s LAN IP) in the field of Printer
Name or IP Address and type IP_192.168.1.1 as the port name. Then, click Next.
7.
Click Standard and choose Generic Network Card.
8.
Then, in the following dialog, click Finish.
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9.
Now, your system will ask you to choose right name of the printer that you installed
onto the router. Such step can make correct driver loaded onto your PC. When you
finish the selection, click Next.
10. For the final stage, you need to go back to Control Panel-> Printers and edit the
property of the new printer you have added.
11. Select "LPR" on Protocol, type p1 (number 1) as Queue Name. Then click OK. Next
please refer to the red rectangle for choosing the correct protocol and UPR name.
The printer can be used for printing now. Most of the printers with different manufacturers
are compatible with vigor router.
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Note 1: Some printers with the fax/scanning or other additional functions are not supported. If
you do not know whether your printer is supported or not, please visit www.draytek.com to
find out the printer list. Open Support Center->FAQ->Sort by product; select the model of
the router and click on it; find out the link of Printer Server FAQ; click the What types of
printers are compatible with Vigor router? link.
Note 2: Vigor router supports printing request from computers via LAN ports but not WAN
port.
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
2
Configuring Basic Settings
For use the router properly, it is necessary for you to change the password of web
configuration for security and adjust primary basic settings.
This chapter explains how to setup a password for an administrator and how to adjust basic
settings for accessing Internet successfully. Be aware that only the administrator can change
the router configuration.
2.1 Changing Password
To change the password for this device, you have to access into the web browse with default
password first.
1.
Make sure your computer connects to the router correctly.
Notice: You may either simply set up your computer to get IP dynamically
from the router or set up the IP address of the computer to be the same
subnet as the default IP address of Vigor router 192.168.1.1. For the
detailed information, please refer to the later section - Trouble Shooting of
this guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password. Please type default values (both username and
password are Null) on the window for the first time accessing and click OK for next
screen.
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3.
Now, the Main Screen will pop up. Notice that the main screen differs according to the
model of the router that you have. Below is an example.
4.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password.
5.
Enter the login password (the default is blank) on the field of Old Password. Type a
new one in the field of New Password and retype it on the field of Retype New
Password. Then click OK to continue.
6.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web Configurator for this router.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
2.2 Quick Start Wizard
If your router can be under an environment with high speed NAT, the configuration provide
here can help you to deploy and use the router quickly. The first screen of Quick Start
Wizard is entering login password. After typing the password, please click Next.
On the next page as shown below, please select the WAN interface that you use. Choose
Auto negotiation as the physical type for your router. Then click Next for next step.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
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On the next page as shown below, please select the appropriate Internet access type
according to the information from your ISP. For example, you should select PPPoE mode if
the ISP provides you PPPoE interface. Then click Next for next step.
In the Quick Start Wizard, you can configure the router to access the Internet with different
protocol/modes such as PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP, Static IP or DHCP. The router supports the
DSL WAN interface for Internet access.
2.2.1 PPPoE
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE
connection for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information
about user name, password, and authentication mode.
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE connection, please select PPPoE for this router. The
following page will be shown:
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP.
Confirm Password
Retype the password for confirmation.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.2 PPTP
Click PPTP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.3 Static IP
Click Static IP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
After finishing the settings in this page, click Next to see the following page.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.4 L2TP
Click L2TP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
After finishing the settings in this page, click Next to see the following page.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.5 DHCP
Click DHCP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
After finishing the settings in this page, click Next to see the following page.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.3 Online Status
The online status shows the system status, WAN status, ADSL Information and other status
related to this router within one page. If you select PPPoE as the protocol, you will find out
a button of Dial PPPoE or Dial PPPoE in the Online Status web page.
Online status for PPPoE
Online status for PPTP (for WAN2)
Online status for Static IP(for WAN1)
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Online status for DHCP
Detailed explanation is shown below:
Primary DNS
Displays the IP address of the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS
Displays the IP address of the secondary DNS.
LAN Status
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the LAN interface.
RX Packets
Displays the total number of received packets at the LAN interface.
WAN1/2 Status
Line
Displays the physical connection (Ethernet) of this interface.
Name
Displays the name set in WAN1/WAN web page.
Mode
Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time
Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP
Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP
Displays the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the WAN interface.
TX Rate
Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the WAN interface.
RX Packets
Displays the total number of received packets at the WAN
interface.
RX Rate
Displays the speed of received octets at the WAN interface.
Note: The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface
(WAN1/WAN2) is ready for accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the
WAN connection of that interface (WAN1/WAN2) is not ready for accessing
Internet.
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2.4 Saving Configuration
Each time you click OK on the web page for saving the configuration, you can find
messages showing the system interaction with you.
Ready indicates the system is ready for you to input settings.
Settings Saved means your settings are saved once you click Finish or OK button.
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3
Advanced Web Configuration
After finished basic configuration of the router, you can access Internet with ease. For the
people who want to adjust more setting for suiting his/her request, please refer to this chapter
for getting detailed information about the advanced configuration of this router. As for other
examples of application, please refer to chapter 4.
3.1 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
WAN group and click the Internet Access link.
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under
the management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the
NIC has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with
significant ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service
according to user requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask
for a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated
via PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server,
and other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
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3.1.2 Network Connection by 3G USB Modem
For 3G mobile communication through Access Point is popular more and more, Vigor 2910
adds the function of 3G network connection for such purpose. By connecting 3G USB
Modem to the USB port of Vigor2910, it can support HSDPA/UMTS/EDGE/GPRS/GSM
and the future 3G standard (HSUPA, etc). Vigor2910 with 3G USB Modem allows you to
receive 3G signals at any place such as your car or certain location holding outdoor activity
and share the bandwidth for using by more people. Users can use four LAN ports on the
router to access Internet. Also, they can access Internet via SuperG wireless function of
Vigor2910G, and enjoy the powerful firewall, bandwidth management, VPN, VoIP features
of Vigor2910 series.
After connecting into the router, 3G USB Modem will be regarded as the second WAN port.
However, the original Ethernet WAN1 still can be used and Load-Balance can be done in the
router. Besides, 3G USB Modem in WAN2 also can be used as backup device. Therefore,
when WAN1 is not available, the router will use 3.5G for supporting automatically. The
supported 3G USB Modem will be listed on Draytek web site. Please visit www.draytek.com
for more detailed information.
Below shows the menu items for Internet Access.
3.1.3 General Setup
This section will introduce some general settings of Internet and explain the connection
modes for WAN1 and WAN2 in details.
This router supports dual WAN function. It allows users to access Internet and combine the
bandwidth of the dual WAN to speed up the transmission through the network. Each WAN
port (WAN1- through WAN port/WAN2- through LAN1 port) can connect to different ISPs,
Even if the ISPs use different technology to provide telecommunication service (such as
DSL, Cable modem, etc.). If any connection problem occurred on one of the ISP connections,
all the traffic will be guided and switched to the normal communication port for proper
operation. Please configure WAN1 and WAN2 settings.
This webpage allows you to set general setup for WAN1 and WAN respectively.
Note: In default, WAN1 is enabled. WAN2 is optional.
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Enable
Choose Yes to invoke the settings for this WAN interface.
Choose No to disable the settings for this WAN interface.
Display Name
Type the description for the WAN1/WAN2 interface.
Physical Mode
For WAN1, the physical connection is done and fixed through
Ethernet port; yet the physical connection for WAN2 is done
through an Ethernet port (P1) or USB port. You cannot
change it.
To use 3G network connection through 3G USB Modem,
choose 3G USB Modem as the physical mode in WAN2.
Next, go to WAN>> Internet Access. 3G USB Modem is
available for WAN2. You can choose PPP as the access mode
and click Details Page for further configuration.
Physical Type
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You can change the physical type for WAN2 or choose Auto
negotiation for determined by the system.
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Load Balance Mode
If you know the practical bandwidth for your WAN interface,
please choose the setting of According to Line Speed.
Otherwise, please choose Auto Weigh to let the router reach
the best load balance.
Line Speed
If your choose According to Line Speed as the Load
Balance Mode, please type the line speed for downloading
and uploading through WAN1/WAN2. The unit is kbps.
Active Mode
Choose Always On to make the WAN connection
(WAN1/WAN2) being activated always; or choose Active on
demand to make the WAN connection (WAN1/WAN2)
activated if it is necessary.
If you choose Active on demand, the Idle Timeout will be
available for you to set for PPPoE and PPTP access modes in
the Details Page of WAN>>Internet Access. In addition, there
are three selections for you to choose for different purposes.
WAN2 Fail – It means the connection for WAN1 will be
activated when WAN2 is failed.
WAN2 Upload speed exceed XX kbps – It means the
connection for WAN1 will be activated when WAN2 Upload
speed exceed certain value that you set in this box for 15
seconds.
WAN2 Download speed exceed XX kbps– It means the
connection for WAN1 will be activated when WAN2
Download speed exceed certain value that you set in this box
for 15 seconds.
WAN1 Fail – It means the connection for WAN2 will be
activated when WAN1 is failed.
WAN1 Upload speed exceed XX kbps – It means the
connection for WAN2 will be activated when WAN1 Upload
speed exceed certain value that you set in this box for 15
seconds.
WAN1 Download speed exceed XX kbps– It means the
connection for WAN2 will be activated when WAN1
Download speed exceed certain value that you set in this box
for 15 seconds.
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3.1.4 Internet Access
For the router supports dual WAN function, the users can set different WAN settings (for
WAN1/WAN2) for Internet Access. Due to different Physical Mode for WAN1 and WAN2,
the Access Mode for these two connections also varies slightly.
Index
It shows the WAN modes that this router supports. WAN1 is the
default WAN interface for accessing into the Internet. WAN2 is
the optional WAN interface for accessing into the Internet when
WAN 1 is inactive for some reason.
Display Name
It shows the name of the WAN1/WAN2 that entered in general
setup.
Physical Mode
It shows the physical connection for WAN1 (Ethernet) /WAN2
(Ethernet or 3G USB Modem) according to the real network
connection.
Access Mode
Use the drop down list to choose a proper access mode. The details
page of that mode will be popped up. If not, click Details Page for
accessing the page to configure the settings.
There are three access modes provided for PPPoE, Static or
Dynamic IP and PPTP/L2TP.
Details Page
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This button will open different web page according to the access
mode that you choose in WAN1 or WAN2.
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Details Page for PPPoE
To use PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose Internet Access from
WAN menu. Then, select PPPoE mode for WAN2. The following web page will be shown.
PPPoE Client Mode
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable, this
function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted in this
page will be invalid.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your ISP. If
you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can check Always
On.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously
in Application – Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN
function only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature,
you must create a dial backup profile first. Please click Internet
Access Setup > Dialing to a Single ISP to enter the backup
profile.
This setting is available for i model only.
Due to the absence of the ISDN interface in some models, the
ISDN dial backup feature and its associated setup options are not
available to them. Please refer to the previous part for further
information.
None - Disable the backup function.
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Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection
is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
PPP/MP Setup
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for
PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet
after passing through the time without any action. This setting is
active only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address
Assignment Method
(IPCP)
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time you
connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides service
to always assign you the same IP address whenever you request.
In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed IP field.
Please contact your ISP before you want to use this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN
IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the
current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available for
WAN1 only.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC Address or
specify another MAC address by typing on the boxes of MAC
Address for the router.
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Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the router
manually.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Details Page for Static or Dynamic IP
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP
address to the WAN interface.
To use Static or Dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose
Internet Access from WAN menu. Then, select Static or Dynamic IP mode for WAN2.
The following web page will be shown.
Static or Dynamic IP
(DHCP Client)
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted
in this page will be invalid.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click Internet Access
Setup > Dialing to a Single ISP to enter the backup profile.
Due to the absence of the ISDN interface in some models, the
ISDN dial backup feature and its associated setup options are not
available to them. Please refer to the previous part for further
information.
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None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
Always On - If the broadband connection is no longer available,
the backup line will be activated automatically and always on until
the broadband connection is restored. We recommend you to
enable this feature if you host a web server for your customers’
access.
Keep WAN
Connection
Normally, this function is designed for Dynamic IP environments
because some ISPs will drop connections if there is no traffic
within certain periods of time. Check Enable PING to keep alive
box to activate this function.
PING to the IP - If you enable the PING function, please specify
the IP address for the system to PING it for keeping alive.
PING Interval - Enter the interval for the system to execute the
PING operation.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
RIP Protocol
Routing Information Protocol is abbreviated as RIP(RFC1058)
specifying how routers exchange routing tables information. Click
Enable RIP for activating this function.
WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically and
allows you type in IP address manually.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN
IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the
current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available for
WAN1 only.
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Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically if you want to use Dynamic IP mode.
Router Name: Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Domain Name: Type in the domain name that you have assigned.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some
data if you want to use Static IP mode.
IP Address: Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask: Type the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address: Type the gateway IP address.
Default MAC Address : Click this radio button to use default MAC
address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address: Some Cable service providers specify a
specific MAC address for access authentication. In such cases you
need to click the Specify a MAC Address and enter the MAC
address in the MAC Address field.
DNS Server IP
Address
36
Type in the primary IP address for the router if you want to use
Static IP mode. If necessary, type in secondary IP address for
necessity in the future.
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Details Page for PPTP/L2TP
To use PPTP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose Internet Access from
WAN menu. Then, select PPTP mode for WAN2. The following web page will be shown.
PPTP/L2TP Client
Mode
Enable PPTP- Click this radio button to enable a PPTP client to
establish a tunnel to a DSL modem on the WAN interface.
Enable L2TP - Click this radio button to enable a L2TP client to
establish a tunnel to a DSL modem on the WAN interface.
Disable – Click this radio button to close the connection through
PPTP or L2TP.
Server Address - Specify the IP address of the PPTP/L2TP
server if you enable PPTP/L2TP client mode.
Specify Gateway IP Address – Specify the gateway IP address
for DHCP server.
ISP Access Setup
Username -Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password -Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously
in Application – Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click Internet Access
Setup > Dialing to a Single ISP to enter the backup profile.
Due to the absence of the ISDN interface in some models, the
ISDN dial backup feature and its associated setup options are not
available to them. Please refer to the previous part for further
information.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
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PPP Setup
PPP Authentication - Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for PPP.
Idle Timeout - Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after
passing through the time without any action. This setting is active
only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address
Assignment
Method(IPCP)
Fixed IP - Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each
time you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides
service to always assign you the same IP address whenever you
request. In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed IP
field. Please contact your ISP before you want to use this function.
Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP address in the
box.
Fixed IP Address -Type a fixed IP address.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN
IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the
current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available for
WAN1 only.
Default MAC Address – Click this radio button to use default
MAC address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address - Some Cable service providers specify a
specific MAC address for access authentication. In such cases you
need to click the Specify a MAC Address and enter the MAC
address in the MAC Address field.
WAN IP Network
Settings
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some
data.
IP Address – Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask – Type the subnet mask.
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Details Page for PPP
To use PPP (for 3G USB Modem) as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose
Internet Access from WAN menu. Then, select PPP mode for WAN2. The following web
page will be shown.
PPP Client Mode
Click Enable to activate this mode for WAN2.
SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access Internet.
Modem Initial String
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the default
value. If you have any question, please contact to your ISP.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to your ISP.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional).
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional).
Index (1-15)
Set the PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You may
choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules pre-defined in
Applications >> Schedule setup. The default setting of this filed is
blank and the function will always work.
3.1.5 Load-Balance Policy
This router supports the function of load balancing. It can assign traffic with protocol type,
IP address for specific host, a subnet of hosts, and port range to be allocated in WAN1 or
WAN2 interface. The user can assign traffic category and force it to go to dedicate network
interface based on the following web page setup. Twenty policies of load-balance are
supported by this router.
Note: Load-Balance Policy is running only when both WAN1 and WAN2 are activated.
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Index
Click the number of index to access into the load-balance policy
configuration web page.
Enable
Check this box to enable this policy.
Protocol
Use the drop-down menu to change the protocol for the WAN
interface.
WAN
Use the drop-down menu to change the WAN interface.
Src IP Start
Displays the IP address for the start of the source IP.
Src IP End
Displays the IP address for the end of the source IP.
Dest IP Start
Displays the IP address for the start of the destination IP.
Dest IP End
Displays the IP address for the end of the destination IP.
Dest Port Start
Displays the IP address for the start of the destination port.
Dest Port End
Displays the IP address for the end of the destination port.
Click Index 1 to access into the following page for configuring load-balance policy.
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Enable
Check this box to enable this policy.
Protocol
Use the drop-down menu to choose a proper protocol for the WAN
interface.
Binding WAN
interface
Choose the WAN interface (WAN1 or WAN2) for binding.
Src IP Start
Type the source IP start for the specified WAN interface.
Src IP End
Type the source IP end for the specified WAN interface. If this
field is blank, it means that all the source IPs inside the LAN will
be passed through the WAN interface.
Dest IP Start
Type the destination IP start for the specified WAN interface.
Dest IP End
Type the destination IP end for the specified WAN interface. If this
field is blank, it means that all the destination IPs will be passed
through the WAN interface.
Dest Port Start
Type the destination port start for the destination IP.
Dest Port End
Type the destination port end for the destination IP. If this field is
blank, it means that all the destination ports will be passed through
the WAN interface.
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3.2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design
of network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
3.2.1 Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using
public IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is
to translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right
packets to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that
assigns private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly
understanding.
In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor
router will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other
public hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the router should be set as the gateway for public
hosts.
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What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the router such as IP
address and the routers will automatically inform for each other.
What is Static Route
When you have several subnets in your LAN, sometimes a more effective and quicker way
for connection is the Static routes function rather than other method. You may simply set
rules to forward data from one specified subnet to another specified subnet without the
presence of RIP.
What are Virtual LANs and Rate Control
You can group local hosts by physical ports and create up to 4 virtual LANs. To manage the
communication between different groups, please set up rules in Virtual LAN (VLAN)
function and the rate of each.
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3.2.2 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN.
Click LAN to open the LAN settings page and choose General Setup.
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1st IP Address
Type in private IP address for connecting to a local private network
(Default: 192.168.1.1).
1st Subnet Mask
Type in an address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
For IP Routing Usage
Click Enable to invoke this function. The default setting is
Disable.
2nd IP Address
Type in secondary IP address for connecting to a subnet.
(Default: 192.168.2.1/ 24)
2nd Subnet Mask
An address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
2nd DHCP Server
You can configure the router to serve as a DHCP server for the 2nd
subnet.
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Start IP Address: Enter a value of the IP address pool for the
DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the 2nd IP
address of your router is 220.135.240.1, the starting IP address
must be 220.135.240.2 or greater, but smaller than
220.135.240.254.
IP Pool Counts: Enter the number of IP addresses in the pool. The
maximum is 10. For example, if you type 3 and the 2nd IP address
of your router is 220.135.240.1, the range of IP address by the
DHCP server will be from 220.135.240.2 to 220.135.240.11.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC Address of the host one by one
and click Add to create a list of hosts to be assigned, deleted or
edited IP address from above pool. Set a list of MAC Address for
2nd DHCP server will help router to assign the correct IP address of
the correct subnet to the correct host. So those hosts in 2nd subnet
won’t get an IP address belonging to 1st subnet.
RIP Protocol Control
Disable deactivates the RIP protocol. It will lead to a stoppage of
the exchange of routing information between routers. (Default)
1st Subnet - Select the router to change the RIP information of the
1st subnet with neighboring routers.
2nd Subnet - Select the router to change the RIP information of
the 2nd subnet with neighboring routers.
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The
router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your network so it
automatically dispatch related IP settings to any local user
configured as a DHCP client. It is highly recommended that you
leave the router enabled as a DHCP server if you do not have a
DHCP server for your network.
If you want to use another DHCP server in the network other than
the Vigor Router’s, you can let Relay Agent help you to redirect the
DHCP request to the specified location.
Enable Server - Let the router assign IP address to every host in
the LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to every host
in the LAN.
Relay Agent – (1st subnet/2nd subnet) Specify which subnet that
DHCP server is located the relay agent should redirect the DHCP
request to.
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for the
DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the 1st IP
address of your router is 192.168.1.1, the starting IP address must
be 192.168.1.2 or greater, but smaller than 192.168.1.254.
IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that you
want the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The default is 50
and the maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP address for
the DHCP server. The value is usually as same as the 1st IP address
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of the router, which means the router is the default gateway.
DHCP Server IP Address for Relay Agent - Set the IP address of
the DHCP server you are going to use so the Relay Agent can help
to forward the DHCP request to the DHCP server.
DNS Server
Configuration
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host must
have a unique IP address, also they may have a human-friendly,
easy to remember name such as www.yahoo.com. The DNS server
converts the user-friendly name into its equivalent IP address.
Force DNS manual setting - Force Vigor2910 to use DNS servers
in this page instead of DNS servers given by the Internet Access
server (PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP or DHCP server).
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP address
here because your ISP should provide you with usually more than
one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the router will
automatically apply default DNS Server IP address: 194.109.6.66
to this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS server IP
address here because your ISP often provides you more than one
DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the router will
automatically apply default secondary DNS Server IP address:
194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are left
empty, the router will assign its own IP address to local users as a
DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS cache, the
router will resolve the domain name immediately. Otherwise, the
router forwards the DNS query packet to the external DNS server
by establishing a WAN (e.g. DSL/Cable) connection.
There are two common scenarios of LAN settings that stated in Chapter 4. For the
configuration examples, please refer to that chapter to get more information for your
necessity.
3.2.3 Static Route
Go to LAN to open setting page and choose Static Route.
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Index
The number (1 to 10) under Index allows you to open next page to
set up static route.
Destination Address
Displays the destination address of the static route.
Status
Displays the status of the static route.
Viewing Routing Table Displays the routing table for your reference.
Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks
Here is an example of setting Static Route in Main Router so that user A and B locating in
different subnet can talk to each other via the router. Assuming the Internet access has been
configured and the router works properly:
z
use the Main Router to surf the Internet.
z
create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Router A (192.168.1.2)
z
create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Router B (192.168.1.3).
z
have set Main Router 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the Router A 192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Router A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Router.
1.
Go to LAN page and click General Setup, select 1st Subnet as the RIP Protocol
Control. Then click the OK button.
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Note: There are two reasons that we have to apply RIP Protocol Control on 1st
Subnet. The first is that the LAN interface can exchange RIP packets with the
neighboring routers via the 1st subnet (192.168.1.0/24). The second is that those
hosts on the internal private subnets (ex. 192.168.10.0/24) can access the Internet
via the router, and continuously exchange of IP routing information with different
subnets.
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2.
Click the LAN - Static Route and click on the Index Number 1. Check the Enable
box. Please add a static route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to
192.168.10.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
3.
Return to Static Route Setup page. Click on another Index Number to add another
static route as show below, which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.3.
4.
Go to Diagnostics and choose Routing Table to verify current routing table.
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3.2.4 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthen control in
network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address binding
together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it might cause
you not access into the Internet.
Click LAN and click Bind IP to MAC to open the setup page.
Enable
Click this radio button to invoke this function. However, IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect to Internet.
Disable
Click this radio button to disable this function. All the settings on
this page will be invalid.
Strict Bind
Click this radio button to block the connection of the IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List.
ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this router. The information
for IP and MAC will be displayed in this field. Each pair of IP
and MAC address listed in ARP table can be selected and added
to IP Bind List by clicking Add below.
Add and Edit
IP Address – Type the IP address that will be used for the
specified MAC address.
Mac Address – Type the MAC address that is used to bind with
the assigned IP address.
Refresh
It is used to refresh the ARP table. When there is one new PC
added to the LAN, you can click this link to obtain the newly
ARP table information.
IP Bind List
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
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Add
It allows you to add the one you choose from the ARP table or the
IP/MAC address typed in Add and Edit to the table of IP Bind
List.
Edit
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and MAC
address that you create before.
Delete
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply click and
select the one, and click Delete. The selected item will be
removed from the IP Bind List.
Note: Before you select Strict Bind, you have to bind one set of IP/MAC address for one
PC. If not, no one of the PCs can access into Internet. And the web configurator of the
router might not be accessed.
3.3 NAT
Usually, the router serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the router will change its source address into the public IP address of the router, select
the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the router shall list an entry
in a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public server
response, the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the router’s public IP address and the
router will do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can communicate
with external host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:
z
Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.
z
Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be
aware of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually
we use the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the router. As stated before, the NAT facility
can map one or more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified
services. In other words, the NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping
methods.
Below shows the menu items for NAT.
3.3.1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection is usually set up for server related service inside the local network (LAN),
such as web servers, FTP servers, E-mail servers etc. Most of the case, you need a public IP
address for each server and this public IP address/domain name are recognized by all users.
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Since the server is actually located inside the LAN, the network well protected by NAT of
the router, and identified by its private IP address/port, the goal of Port Redirection function
is to forward all access request with public IP address from external users to the mapping
private IP address/port of the server.
The port redirection can only apply to incoming traffic.
To use this function, please go to NAT page and choose Port Redirection web page. The
Port Redirection Table provides 10 port-mapping entries for the internal hosts.
Mode
Two options are provided here for you to choose. To set a range for
the specific service, select Range.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
Protocol
Select the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
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Public Port
Specify which port can be redirected to the specified Private IP
and Port of the internal host. If you choose Range as the port
redirection mode, you will see two boxes on this field. Simply type
the required number on the first box. The second one will be
assigned automatically later.
Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing the
service. If you choose Range as the port redirection mode, you will
see two boxes on this field. Type a complete IP address in the first
box (as the starting point) and the fourth digits in the second box
(as the end point).
Private Port
Specify the private port number of the service offered by the
internal host.
Active
Check this box to activate the port-mapping entry you have
defined.
Note that the router has its own built-in services (servers) such as Telnet, HTTP and FTP etc.
Since the common port numbers of these services (servers) are all the same, you may need to
reset the router in order to avoid confliction.
For example, the built-in web configurator in the router is with default port 80, which may
conflict with the web server in the local network, http://192.168.1.13:80. Therefore, you need
to change the router’s http port to any one other than the default port 80 to avoid
conflict, such as 8080. This can be set in the System Maintenance >>Management Setup.
You then will access the admin screen of by suffixing the IP address with 8080, e.g.,
http://192.168.1.1:8080 instead of port 80.
3.3.2 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a
single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
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clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
The inherent security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host. We
suggest you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page:
WAN1
This page allows you to set Private IP or Active True IP as the
DMZ host.
Private IP
If you choose Private IP as the selection for DMZ host, please
type in private IP or select any one by clicking the Choose PC
button.
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MAC Address of the True
IP DMZ Host
If you choose Active True IP as the selection for DMZ host,
please type in MAC address in these fields.
If you previously have set up WAN IP Alias on WAN1 interface while configuring PPPoE,
Static or Dynamic IP or PPTP (by accessing into WAN>>Internet Access), you will find
them in Aux. WAN IP list for your selection.
Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose PC
to select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop up, as
depicted below. The window consists of a list of private IP
addresses of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one private IP
address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog, the
IP address will be shown on the following screen. Click OK to
save the setting.
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3.3.3 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
Click Open Ports to open the following page:
Index
Indicate the relative number for the particular entry that you want to
offer service in a local host. You should click the appropriate index
number to edit or clear the corresponding entry.
Comment
Specify the name for the defined network service.
WAN Interface
Display the WAN interface for the entry.
Local IP Address
Display the private IP address of the local host offering the service.
Status
Display the state for the corresponding entry. X or V is to represent
the Inactive or Active state.
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To add or edit port settings, click one index number on the page. The index entry setup page
will pop up. In each index entry, you can specify 10 port ranges for diverse services.
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Enable Open Ports
Check to enable this entry.
Comment
Make a name for the defined network application/service.
WAN Interface
Specify the WAN interface that will be used for this entry.
WAN IP
Choose one of the WAN IPs from this drop-down list. This
selection is available and can be seen only if you have set WAN IP
Alias previously.
Local Computer
Enter the private IP address of the local host or click Choose PC to
select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and, subsequently, a window having a list of
private IP addresses of local hosts will automatically pop up. Select
the appropriate IP address of the local host in the list.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP, or ----(none) for selection.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by the local
host.
End Port
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by the local
host.
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3.4 Objects and Groups
For IPs in a range and service ports in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring
router’s settings, therefore we can define them with objects and bind them with groups for
using conveniently. Later, we can select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all
the IPs in the same department can be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
3.4.1 IP Object
You can set up to 192 sets of IP Objects with different conditions.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
Name
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Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
57
Interface
Choose a proper interface (WAN, LAN or Any).
For example, the Direction setting in Edit Filter Rule will
ask you specify IP or IP range for WAN or LAN or any IP
address. If you choose LAN as the Interface here, and choose
LAN as the direction setting in Edit Filter Rule, then all the
IP addresses specified with LAN interface will be opened for
you to choose in Edit Filter Rule page.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IP address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IP address
only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPs
within a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet for
IP address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IP address.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is selected.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if the Subnet Address type is selected.
Invert Select
If it is checked, all the IP addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
Below is an example of IP objects settings.
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3.4.2 IP Group
This page allows you to bind several IP objects into one IP group.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose WAN, LAN or Any to display all the available IP
objects with the specified interface.
Available IP Objects
All the available IP objects with the specified interface chosen
above will be shown in this box.
Selected IP Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
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3.4.3 Service Type Object
You can set up to 96 sets of Service Type Objects with different conditions.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile.
Protocol
Specify the protocol(s) which this profile will apply to.
Source/Destination Port
Source Port and the Destination Port column are available
for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for other protocols.
The filter rule will filter out any port number.
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this profile.
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(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
all the ports except the port defined here; when the first
and last values are different, it indicates that all the ports
except the range defined here are available for this service
type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
Below is an example of service type objects settings.
3.4.4 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile.
Available Service Type
Objects
You can add IP objects from IP Objects page. All the
available IP objects will be shown in this box.
Selected Service Type
Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
3.4.5 CSM Profile
You can define policy profiles for different policy of IM (Instant Messenger)/P2P (Peer to
Peer) application. CSM profile will be applied by Firewall.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile. The profile name will be
shown on the Content Security Management drop down list
in the pages of Firewall>>General Setup and
Firewall>>Edit Filter Set>>Edit Filter Rule.
There are several items for IM, VoIP, P2P provided here for you to choose to disallow
people using. Simple check the box (es) and then click OK. Later, in the
Firewall>>General Setup and Firewall>>Edit Filter Set>>Edit Filter Rule pages, you
can use Content Security Management drop down list to choose a proper CSM profile as
the standard for all the host(s) or specified host(s) to follow.
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3.5 Firewall
3.5.1 Basics for Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
router helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It also
restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter out
specific packets that trigger the router to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
The most basic security concept is to set user name and password while you install your
router. The administrator login will prevent unauthorized access to the router configuration
from your router.
If you did not set password during installation; you can go to System Maintenance to set up
your password.
Firewall Facilities
The users on the LAN are provided with secured protection by the following firewall
facilities:
64
z
User-configurable IP filter (Call Filter/ Data Filter).
z
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI): tracks packets and denies unsolicited incoming data
z
Selectable Denial of Service (DoS) /Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks protection
z
URL Content Filter
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IP Filters
Depending on whether there is an existing Internet connection, or in other words “the WAN
link status is up or down”, the IP filter architecture categorizes traffic into two: Call Filter
and Data Filter.
z
Call Filter - When there is no existing Internet connection, Call Filter is applied to all
traffic, all of which should be outgoing. It will check packets according to the filter
rules. If legal, the packet will pass. Then the router shall “initiate a call” to build the
Internet connection and send the packet to Internet.
z
Data Filter - When there is an existing Internet connection, Data Filter is applied to
incoming and outgoing traffic. It will check packets according to the filter rules. If legal,
the packet will pass the router.
The following illustrations are flow charts explaining how router will treat incoming traffic
and outgoing traffic respectively.
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
Stateful inspection is a firewall architecture that works at the network layer. Unlike legacy
static packet filtering, which examines a packet based on the information in its header,
stateful inspection builds up a state machine to track each connection traversing all interfaces
of the firewall and makes sure they are valid. The stateful firewall of Vigor router not just
examine the header information also monitor the state of the connection.
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Content Security Management (CSM)
As the popularity of all kinds of instant messenger application arises, communication cannot
become much easier. Nevertheless, while some industry may leverage this as a great tool to
connect with their customers, some industry may take reserve attitude in order to reduce
employee misusage during office hour or prevent unknown security leak. It is similar
situation for corporation towards peer-to-peer applications since file-sharing can be
convenient but insecure at the same time. To address these needs, we provide CSM
functionality.
Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor router to inspect every incoming packet based
on the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze
the host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as
warning, if you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor router monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the pre-defined
parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the Vigor router
will activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
The below shows the attack types that DoS/DDoS defense function can detect:
1. SYN flood attack
2. UDP flood attack
3. ICMP flood attack
4. TCP Flag scan
5. Trace route
6. IP options
7. Unknown protocol
8. Land attack
9. Smurf attack
10. SYN fragment
11. ICMP fragment
12. Tear drop attack
13. Fraggle attack
14. Ping of Death attack
15. TCP/UDP port scan
Content Filtering
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor router equips with URL Content Filter
not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit other web
feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk
who won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide
a job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can
URL Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it
checks the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while
legacy firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor router can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable
objects, such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once
downloading these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system.
For example, an ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature.
If malicious code hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
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Web Filtering
We all know that the content on the Internet just like other types of media may be
inappropriate sometimes. As a responsible parent or employer, you should protect those in
your trust against the hazards. With Web filtering service of the Vigor router, you can protect
your business from common primary threats, such as productivity, legal liability, network and
security threats. For parents, you can protect your children from viewing adult websites or
chat rooms.
Once you have activated your Web Filtering service in Vigor router and chosen the categories
of website you wish to restrict, each URL address requested (e.g.www.bbc.co.uk) will be
checked against our server database, powered by SurfControl. The database covering over 70
languages and 200 countries, over 1 billion Web pages divided into 40 easy-to-understand
categories. This database is updated as frequent as daily by a global team of Internet
researchers. The server will look up the URL and return a category to your router. Your Vigor
router will then decide whether to allow access to this site according to the categories you have
selected. Please note that this action will not introduce any delay in your Web surfing because
each of multiple load balanced database servers can handle millions of requests for
categorization.
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
3.5.2 General Setup
General Setup allows you to adjust settings of IP Filter and common options. Here you can
enable or disable the Call Filter or Data Filter. Under some circumstance, your filter set can
be linked to work in a serial manner. So here you assign the Start Filter Set only. Also you
can configure the Log Flag settings, Apply IP filter to VPN incoming packets, and Accept
incoming fragmented UDP packets.
Click Firewall and click General Setup to open the general setup page.
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Call Filter
Check Enable to activate the Call Filter function. Assign a start
filter set for the Call Filter.
Data Filter
Check Enable to activate the Data Filter function. Assign a start
filter set for the Data Filter.
Filter
Default rule is applied in this page.
Pass – All the packets are allowed to pass through the router
without considering settings configured in Firewall>>Filter Setup.
Block - All the packets are not allowed to pass through the router
without considering settings configured in Firewall>>Filter Setup.
For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record Filter
information by checking the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog
server. Please refer to section 3.14.4 Syslog/Mail Alert for more
detailed information.
Content Security
Management
Select one of the CSM profiles (configured in Objects and
Groups>>CSM Profiles) for global IM/P2P application
blocking. All the hosts in LAN must follow the standard
configured in the CSM profile selected here.
For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record CSM
information by checking the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog
server. Please refer to section 3.14.4 Syslog/Mail Alert for more
detailed information.
Some on-line games (for example: Half Life) will use lots of fragmented UDP packets to
transfer game data. Instinctively as a secure firewall, Vigor router will reject these
fragmented packets to prevent attack unless you enable “Accept large incoming
fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”. By checking this box, you can play these kinds of
on-line games. If security concern is in higher priority, you cannot enable “Accept large
incoming fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”.
3.5.3 Filter Setup
Click Firewall and click Filter Setup to open the setup page.
To edit or add a filter, click on the set number to edit the individual set. The following page
will be shown. Each filter set contains up to 7 rules. Click on the rule number button to edit
each rule. Check Active to enable the rule.
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Filter Rule
Click a button numbered (1 ~ 7) to edit the filter rule. Click the
button will open Edit Filter Rule web page. For the detailed
information, refer to the following page.
Active
Enable or disable the filter rule.
Comment
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
23–character long.
Move Up/Down
Use Up or Down link to move the order of the filter rules.
Next Filter Set
Set the link to the next filter set to be executed after the current
filter run. Do not make a loop with many filter sets.
To edit Filter Rule, click the Filter Rule index button to enter the Filter Rule setup page.
Check to enable the
Filter Rule
Check this box to enable the filter rule.
Comments
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is 14character long.
Index (1-15)
Set the PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You may
choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules pre-defined in
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Applications >> Schedule setup. The default setting of this filed is
blank and the function will always work.
Direction
Set the direction of packet flow (LAN->WAN/WAN->LAN). It is
for Data Filter only. For the Call Filter, this setting is not
available since Call Filter is only applied to outgoing traffic.
Source/Destination IP Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose the
source/destination IP or IP ranges.
To set the IP address manually, please choose Any Address/Single
Address/Range Address/Subnet Address as the Address Type
and type them in this dialog. In addition, if you want to use the IP
range from defined groups or objects, please choose Group and
Objects as the Address Type.
From the IP Group drop down list, choose the one that you want
to apply. Or use the IP Object drop down list to choose the object
that you want.
Service Type
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Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose a suitable
service type.
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To set the service type manually, please choose User defined as
the Service Type and type them in this dialog. In addition, if you
want to use the service type from defined groups or objects, please
choose Group and Objects as the Service Type.
Protocol - Specify the protocol(s) which this filter rule will apply to.
Source/Destination Port (=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates one
port; when the first and last values are different, it indicates a range
for the port and available for this service type.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates all
the ports except the port defined here; when the first and last
values are different, it indicates that all the ports except the range
defined here are available for this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
Service Group/Object - Use the drop down list to choose the one
that you want.
Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets. And it is used for Data
Filter only.
Don’t care -No action will be taken towards fragmented packets.
Unfragmented -Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
Fragmented - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Too Short - Apply the rule only to packets that are too short to
contain a complete header.
Filter
Specifies the action to be taken when packets match the rule.
Block Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be dropped
immediately.
Pass Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be passed
immediately.
Block If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and that
does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and that
does not match further rules, will be passed through.
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For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record Filter
information by checking the Syslog box. It will be sent to Syslog
server. Please refer to section 3.14.4 Syslog/Mail Alert for more
detailed information.
Branch to other Filter If the packet matches the filter rule, the next filter rule will branch
to the specified filter set. Select next filter rule to branch from the
Set
drop-down menu. Be aware that the router will apply the
specified filter rule for ever and will not return to previous filter
rule any more.
IP Address
Specify a source and destination IP address for this filter rule to
apply to. Place the symbol “!” before a specific IP Address will
prevent this rule from being applied to that IP address. To apply the
rule to all IP address, enter any or leave the field blank.
Content Management
All the hosts within the range configured with above conditions
must follow the standard configured in the CSM profile
(configured in Objects and Groups>>CSM Profiles) selected
here. Please choose one of the CSM profiles applied by this filter
rule.
For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record CSM
information by checking the Syslog box. It will be sent to Syslog
server. Please refer to section 3.14.4 Syslog/Mail Alert for more
detailed information.
Example
As stated before, all the traffic will be separated and arbitrated using on of two IP filters: call
filter or data filter. You may preset 12 call filters and data filters in Filter Setup and even
link them in a serial manner. Each filter set is composed by 7 filter rules, which can be
further defined. After that, in General Setup you may specify one set for call filter and one
set for data filter to execute first.
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3.5.4 DoS Defense
As a sub-functionality of IP Filter/Firewall, there are 15 types of detect/ defense function in
the DoS Defense setup. The DoS Defense functionality is disabled for default.
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page.
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Enable Dos Defense
Check the box to activate the DoS Defense Functionality.
Enable SYN flood
defense
Check the box to activate the SYN flood defense function. Once
detecting the Threshold of the TCP SYN packets from the
Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router will start
to randomly discard the subsequent TCP SYN packets for a
period defined in Timeout. The goal for this is prevent the TCP
SYN packets’ attempt to exhaust the limited-resource of Vigor
router. By default, the threshold and timeout values are set to 50
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable UDP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the UDP flood defense function. Once
detecting the Threshold of the UDP packets from the Internet has
exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router will start to
randomly discard the subsequent UDP packets for a period
defined in Timeout. The default setting for threshold and timeout
are 150 packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable ICMP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the ICMP flood defense function.
Similar to the UDP flood defense function, once if the Threshold
of ICMP packets from Internet has exceeded the defined value, the
router will discard the ICMP echo requests coming from the
Internet. The default setting for threshold and timeout are 50
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable PortScan
detection
Port Scan attacks the Vigor router by sending lots of packets to
many ports in an attempt to find ignorant services would respond.
Check the box to activate the Port Scan detection. Whenever
detecting this malicious exploration behavior by monitoring the
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port-scanning Threshold rate, the Vigor router will send out a
warning. By default, the Vigor router sets the threshold as 150
packets per second.
Block IP options
Check the box to activate the Block IP options function. The Vigor
router will ignore any IP packets with IP option field in the
datagram header. The reason for limitation is IP option appears to
be a vulnerability of the security for the LAN because it will carry
significant information, such as security, TCC (closed user group)
parameters, a series of Internet addresses, routing messages...etc.
An eavesdropper outside might learn the details of your private
networks.
Block Land
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router to defense the Land
attacks. The Land attack combines the SYN attack technology with
IP spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an attacker sends spoofed
SYN packets with the identical source and destination addresses,
as well as the port number to victims.
Block Smurf
Check the box to activate the Block Smurf function. The Vigor
router will ignore any broadcasting ICMP echo request.
Block trace router
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router not to forward any trace
route packets.
Block SYN fragment
Check the box to activate the Block SYN fragment function. The
Vigor router will drop any packets having SYN flag and more
fragment bit set.
Block Fraggle Attack
Check the box to activate the Block fraggle Attack function. Any
broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet is blocked.
Activating the DoS/DDoS defense functionality might block some
legal packets. For example, when you activate the fraggle attack
defense, all broadcast UDP packets coming from the Internet are
blocked. Therefore, the RIP packets from the Internet might be
dropped.
Block TCP flag scan
Check the box to activate the Block TCP flag scan function. Any
TCP packet with anomaly flag setting is dropped. Those scanning
activities include no flag scan, FIN without ACK scan, SYN FINscan,
Xmas scan and full Xmas scan.
Block Tear Drop
Check the box to activate the Block Tear Drop function. Many
machines may crash when receiving ICMP datagrams (packets) that
exceed the maximum length. To avoid this type of attack, the Vigor
router is designed to be capable of discarding any fragmented ICMP
packets with a length greater than 1024 octets.
Block Ping of Death
Check the box to activate the Block Ping of Death function. This
attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping packets to the
target hosts so that those target hosts will hang once they
re-construct the packets. The Vigor routers will block any packets
realizing this attacking activity.
Block ICMP Fragment Check the box to activate the Block ICMP fragment function. Any
ICMP packets with more fragment bit set are dropped.
Block Land
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Check the box to enforce the Vigor router to defense the Land
attacks. The Land attack combines the SYN attack technology with
IP spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an attacker sends spoofed
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SYN packets with the identical source and destination addresses,
as well as the port number to victims.
Block Unknown
Protocol
Check the box to activate the Block Unknown Protocol function.
Individual IP packet has a protocol field in the datagram header to
indicate the protocol type running over the upper layer. However,
the protocol types greater than 100 are reserved and undefined at
this time. Therefore, the router should have ability to detect and
reject this kind of packets.
Warning Messages
We provide Syslog function for user to retrieve message from Vigor
router. The user, as a Syslog Server, shall receive the report sending
from Vigor router which is a Syslog Client.
All the warning messages related to DoS defense will be sent to user
and user can review it through Syslog daemon. Look for the
keyword DoS in the message, followed by a name to indicate what
kind of attacks is detected.
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3.5.5 URL Content Filter
Based on the list of user defined keywords, the URL Content Filter facility in Vigor router
inspects the URL string in every outgoing HTTP request. No matter the URL string is found
full or partial matched with a keyword, the Vigor router will block the associated HTTP
connection.
For example, if you add key words such as “sex”, Vigor router will limit web access to web
sites or web pages such as “www.sex.com”, ”www.backdoor.net/images/sex/p_386.html”.
Or you may simply specify the full or partial URL such as “www.sex.com” or “sex.com”.
Also the Vigor router will discard any request that tries to retrieve the malicious code.
Click Firewall and click URL Content Filter to open the setup page.
Enable URL Access
Control
Check the box to activate URL Access Control.
Black List (block those Click this button to restrict accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
matching keyword)
White List (pass those Click this button to allow accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
matching keyword)
Keyword
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The Vigor router provides 8 frames for users to define keywords
and each frame supports multiple keywords. The keyword could be
a noun, a partial noun, or a complete URL string. Multiple
keywords within a frame are separated by space, comma, or
semicolon. In addition, the maximal length of each frame is
32-character long. After specifying keywords, the Vigor router will
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decline the connection request to the website whose URL string
matched to any user-defined keyword. It should be noticed that the
more simplified the blocking keyword list, the more efficiently the
Vigor router perform.
Prevent web access
from IP address
Check the box to deny any web surfing activity using IP address,
such as http://202.6.3.2. The reason for this is to prevent someone
dodges the URL Access Control.
You must clear your browser cache first so that the URL content
filtering facility operates properly on a web page that you visited
before.
Enable Restrict Web
Feature
Check the box to activate the function.
Java - Check the checkbox to activate the Block Java object
function. The Vigor router will discard the Java objects from the
Internet.
ActiveX - Check the box to activate the Block ActiveX object
function. Any ActiveX object from the Internet will be refused.
Compressed file - Check the box to activate the Block Compressed
file function to prevent someone from downloading any
compressed file. The following list shows the types of compressed
files that can be blocked by the Vigor router. .
zip, rar, .arj, .ace, .cab, .sit
Executable file - Check the box to reject any downloading
behavior of the executable file from the Internet.
.exe, .com, .scr, .pif, .bas, .bat, .inf, .reg
Cookie - Check the box to filter out the cookie transmission from
inside to outside world to protect the local user's privacy.
Proxy - Check the box to reject any proxy transmission. To control
efficiently the limited-bandwidth usage, it will be of great value to
provide the blocking mechanism that filters out the multimedia
files downloading from web pages. Accordingly, files with the
following extensions will be blocked by the Vigor router.
.mov
.mp3
.rm
.ra
.au
.wmv
.wav
.asf
.mpg
.mpeg .avi
.ram
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Enable Excepting
Subnets
Four entries are available for users to specify some specific IP
addresses or subnets so that they can be free from the URL Access
Control. To enable an entry, click on the empty checkbox, named as
ACT, in front of the appropriate entry.
Time Schedule
Specify what time should perform the URL content filtering
facility.
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3.5.6 Web Content Filter
Click Firewall and click Web Content Filter to open the setup page.
For this section, please refer to Web Content Filter user’s guide.
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3.6 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
3.6.1 Sessions Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer)
applications (e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will
occupy over resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the
problem, you can use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit session, simply click Enable and set the default session
limit.
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Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit session.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit session.
Default session limit
Defines the default session number used for each computer in
LAN.
Limitation List
Displays a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Defines the start IP address for limit session.
End IP
Defines the end IP address for limit session.
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Maximum Sessions
Defines the available session number for specific range of IP
addresses. If you do not set the session number in this field,
the system will use the default session limit for the specific
limitation you set for each index.
Add
Adds the specific session limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application –
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you
have set in that web page.
3.6.2 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large
of bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to
make the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit bandwidth, simply click Enable and set the default upstream
and downstream limit.
Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit bandwidth.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit bandwidth.
Default TX limit
Define the default speed of the upstream for each computer in
LAN.
Default RX limit
Define the default speed of the downstream for each computer
in LAN.
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Limitation List
Display a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Define the start IP address for limit bandwidth.
End IP
Define the end IP address for limit bandwidth.
TX limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the upstream. If you do
not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
RX limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the downstream. If you
do not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add
Add the specific speed limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application –
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you
have set in that web page.
3.6.3 Quality of Service
Deploying QoS (Quality of Service) management to guarantee that all applications receive
the service levels required and sufficient bandwidth to meet performance expectations is
indeed one important aspect of modern enterprise network.
One reason for QoS is that numerous TCP-based applications tend to continually increase
their transmission rate and consume all available bandwidth, which is called TCP slow start.
If other applications are not protected by QoS, it will detract much from their performance in
the overcrowded network. This is especially essential to those are low tolerant of loss, delay
or jitter (delay variation).
Another reason is due to congestions at network intersections where speeds of
interconnected circuits mismatch or traffic aggregates, packets will queue up and traffic can
be throttled back to a lower speed. If there’s no defined priority to specify which packets
should be discarded (or in another term “dropped”) from an overflowing queue, packets of
sensitive applications mentioned above might be the ones to drop off. How this will affect
application performance?
There are two components within Primary configuration of QoS deployment:
z
Classification: Identifying low-latency or crucial applications and marking them for
high-priority service level enforcement throughout the network.
z
Scheduling: Based on classification of service level to assign packets to queues and
associated service types
The basic QoS implementation in Vigor routers is to classify and schedule packets based on
the service type information in the IP header. For instance, to ensure the connection with the
headquarter, a teleworker may enforce an index of QoS Control to reserve bandwidth for
HTTPS connection while using lots of application at the same time.
One more larger-scale implementation of QoS network is to apply DSCP (Differentiated
Service Code Point) and IP Precedence disciplines at Layer 3. Compared with legacy IP
Precedence that uses Type of Service (ToS) field in the IP header to define 8 service classes,
DSCP is a successor creating 64 classes possible with backward IP Precedence compatibility.
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In a QoS-enabled network, or Differentiated Service (DiffServ or DS) framework, a DS
domain owner should sign a Service License Agreement (SLA) with other DS domain
owners to define the service level provided toward traffic from different domains. Then each
DS node in these domains will perform the priority treatment. This is called
per-hop-behavior (PHB). The definition of PHB includes Expedited Forwarding (EF),
Assured Forwarding (AF), and Best Effort (BE). AF defines the four classes of delivery (or
forwarding) classes and three levels of drop precedence in each class.
Vigor routers as edge routers of DS domain shall check the marked DSCP value in the IP
header of bypassing traffic, thus to allocate certain amount of resource execute appropriate
policing, classification or scheduling. The core routers in the backbone will do the same
checking before executing treatments in order to ensure service-level consistency throughout
the whole QoS-enabled network.
However, each node may take different attitude toward packets with high priority marking
since it may bind with the business deal of SLA among different DS domain owners. It’s not
easy to achieve deterministic and consistent high-priority QoS traffic throughout the whole
network with merely Vigor router’s effort.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Quality of Service to open the web page.
This page displays the QoS settings result of the WAN interface. Click the Setup link to
access into next page for the general setup of WAN (1/2) interface. As to class rule, simply
click the Edit link to access into next for configuration.
You can configure general setup for the WAN interface, edit the Class Rule, and edit the
Service Type for the Class Rule for your request.
General Setup for WAN Interface
When you click Setup, you can configure the bandwidth ratio for QoS of the WAN interface.
There are four queues allowed for QoS control. The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules
can be adjusted for your necessity. Yet, the last one is reserved for the packets which are not
suitable for the user-defined class rules.
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Enable the QoS Control
The factory default for this setting is checked.
Please also define which traffic the QoS Control settings will
apply to.
IN- apply to incoming traffic only.
OUT-apply to outgoing traffic only.
BOTH- apply to both incoming and outgoing traffic.
Check this box and click OK, then click Setup link again.
You will see the Online Statistics link appearing on this page.
WAN Inbound Bandwidth It allows you to set the connecting rate of data input for WAN.
For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of downstream and
256K upstream, please set 10000kbps for this box. The default
value is 10000kbps.
WAN Outbound Bandwidth It allows you to set the connecting rate of data output for
WAN. For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of
downstream and 256K upstream, please set 256kbps for this
box. The default value is 10000kbps.
Reserved Bandwidth Ratio It is reserved for the group index in the form of ratio of
reserved bandwidth to upstream speed and reserved
bandwidth to downstream speed.
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Enable UDP Bandwidth
Control
Check this and set the limited bandwidth ratio on the right
field. This is a protection of TCP application traffic since
UDP application traffic such as streaming video will exhaust
lots of bandwidth.
Outbound TCP ACK
Prioritize
The difference in bandwidth between download and upload
are great in ADSL2+ environment. For the download speed
might be impacted by the uploading TCP ACK, you can
check this box to push ACK of upload more faster to speed
the network traffic.
Limited_bandwidth Ratio
The ratio typed here is reserved for limited bandwidth of UDP
application.
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On Line Statistics
Display an online statistics for quality of service for your
reference.
Edit the Class Rule for QoS
The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules can be adjusted for your necessity. To add, edit
or delete the class rule, please click the Edit link of that one.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page. Now you can define the name
for that Class. In this case, “Test” is used as the name of Class Index #1.
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For adding a new rule, click Add to open the following page.
ACT
Check this box to invoke these settings.
Source Address
Click the SrcEdit button to set the source address for the rule.
Destination Address
Click the DestEdit button to set the destination address for the
rule.
SrcEdit/DestEdit
It allows you to edit source address information.
Address Type – Determine the address type for the source
address.
For Single Address, you have to fill in Start IP address.
For Range Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
End IP address.
For Subnet Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
Subnet Mask.
DiffServ CodePoint
All the packets of data will be divided with different levels
and will be processed according to the level type by the
system. Please assign one of the level of the data for
processing with QoS control.
Service Type
It determines the service type of the data for processing with
QoS control. It can also be edited. You can choose the
predefined service type from the Service Type drop down list.
Those types are predefined in factory. Simply choose the one
that you want for using by current QoS.
By the way, you can set up to 20 rules for one Class. If you want to edit an existed rule,
please select the radio button of that one and click Edit to open the rule edit page for
modification.
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Edit the Service Type for Class Rule
To add a new service type, edit or delete an existed service type, please click the Edit link
under Service Type field.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page.
For adding a new rule, click Add to open the following page. If you want to edit an existed
service type, please select the radio button of that one and click Edit to open the following
page for modification.
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Service Name
Type in a new service for your request.
Service Type
Choose the type (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP) for the new
service.
Port Configuration
Click Single or Range. If you select Range, you have to type
in the starting port number and the end porting number on the
boxes below.
Port Number – Type in the starting port number and the end
porting number here if you choose Range as the type.
By the way, you can set up to 40 service types. If you want to edit/delete an existed service
type, please select the radio button of that one and click Edit/Edit for modification.
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3.7 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
3.7.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to three accounts from three different
DDNS service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services
supplied by most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org,
www.no-ip.com, www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com.
You should visit their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
Enable the Function and Add a Dynamic DNS Account
1.
Assume you have a registered domain name from the DDNS provider, say
hostname.dyndns.org, and an account with username: test and password: test.
2.
In the DDNS setup menu, check Enable Dynamic DNS Setup.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Enable Dynamic DNS Setup Check this box to enable DDNS function.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of DDNS setup to set account(s).
WAN Interface
Display current WAN interface used for accessing
Internet.
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3.
4.
Domain Name
Display the domain name that you set on the setting page
of DDNS setup.
Active
Display if this account is active or inactive.
View Log
Display DDNS log status.
Force Update
Force the router updates its information to DDNS server.
Select Index number 1 to add an account for the router. Check Enable Dynamic DNS
Account, and choose correct Service Provider: dyndns.org, type the registered
hostname: hostname and domain name suffix: dyndns.org in the Domain Name block.
The following two blocks should be typed your account Login Name: test and
Password: test.
Enable Dynamic
DNS Account
Check this box to enable the current account. If you did
check the box, you will see a check mark appeared on the
Active column of the previous web page in step 2).
WAN Interface
Select the WAN interface order to apply settings here.
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom, Static). If you choose
Custom, you can modify the domain that is choosen in the
Domain Name field.
Domain Name
Type in a domain name that you applied previously. Use the
drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
The Wildcard and Backup MX features are not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers.
You could get more detailed information from their websites.
Disable the Function and Clear all Dynamic DNS Accounts
In the DDNS setup menu, uncheck Enable Dynamic DNS Setup, and push Clear All button
to disable the function and clear all accounts from the router.
Delete a Dynamic DNS Account
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In the DDNS setup menu, click the Index number you want to delete and then push Clear
All button to delete the account.
3.7.2 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in real time clock which can update itself manually or
automatically by means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only
schedule the router to dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet
access to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say,
business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the router. There is another way to set
up time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the
router’s clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built
up.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of schedule.
Status
Display if this schedule setting is active or inactive.
You can set up to 15 schedules. Then you can apply them to your Internet Access or VPN
and Remote Access >> LAN-to-LAN settings.
To add a schedule, please click any index, say Index No. 1. The detailed settings of the call
schedule with index 1 are shown below.
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Enable Schedule Setup
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd)
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time (hh:mm)
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Duration Time (hh:mm)
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
Action
Specify which action Call Schedule should apply during the
period of the schedule.
Force On -Force the connection to be always on.
Force Down -Force the connection to be always down.
Enable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be
dial-on-demand and the value of idle timeout should be
specified in Idle Timeout field.
Disable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be up
when it has traffic on the line. Once there is no traffic over
idle timeout, the connection will be down and never up again
during the schedule.
Idle Timeout
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
How often -Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Weekdays -Specify which days in one week should perform
the schedule.
Example
Suppose you want to control the PPPoE Internet access connection to be always on (Force
On) from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week. Other time the Internet access connection should be
disconnected (Force Down).
Office
Hour:
(Force On)
Mon - Sun
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9:00 am
to
6:00 pm
1.
Make sure the PPPoE connection and Time Setup is working properly.
2.
Configure the PPPoE always on from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
3.
Configure the Force Down from 18:00 to next day 9:00 for whole week.
4.
Assign these two profiles to the PPPoE Internet access profile. Now, the PPPoE
Internet connection will follow the schedule order to perform Force On or Force
Down action according to the time plan that has been pre-defined in the schedule
profiles.
3.7.3 RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is a security authentication
client/server protocol that supports authentication, authorization and accounting, which is
widely used by Internet service providers. It is the most common method of authenticating
and authorizing dial-up and tunneled network users.
The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist the remote dial-in user or a
wireless station and the RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables
centralized remote access authentication for network management.
Enable
Check to enable RADIUS client feature
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using. The
default value is 1812 , based on RFC 2138.
Shared Secret
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used to
authenticate the messages sent between them. Both sides must
be configured to use the same shared secret.
Confirm Shared Secret
Re-type the Shared Secret for confirmation.
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3.7.4 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT
routers, the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables
applications inside the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through
a router. It is more reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to
be opened. Further, the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ.
UPnP is available on Windows XP and the router provides the associated support for MSN
Messenger to allow full use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Enable UPNP Service
Accordingly, you can enable either the Connection Control
Service or Connection Status Service.
After setting Enable UPNP Service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on
Router on Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and
control status will be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the
multimedia features of your applications to operate. This has to manually set up port
mappings or use other similar methods. The screenshots below show examples of this
facility.
The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP
address and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards
packets from the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
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The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not
working properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing
ability of some network ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats.
You should consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and
hence you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and
patches.
¾ Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing
and adding port mappings.
The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some
UPnP-aware applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these
mappings may not be removed.
3.7.5 Wake On LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake
up a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified
PC on this web page of Wake On LAN of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
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Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the binded IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the correct
MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If you
choose Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the correct IP
address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in
Firewall>>Bind IP to MAC will be shown in this drop down
list. Choose the IP address from the drop down list that you
want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the binded PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the following
figure. The result will be shown on the box.
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3.8 VPN and Remote Access
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is the extension of a private network that encompasses
links across shared or public networks like the Internet. In short, by VPN technology, you
can send data between two computers across a shared or public network in a manner that
emulates the properties of a point-to-point private link.
Besides, here provides ISDN LAN to LAN and remote dial-in functions (for i model only).
Below shows the menu items for VPN and Remote Access.
3.8.1 Remote Access Control
Enable the necessary VPN service as you need. If you intend to run a VPN server inside your
LAN, you should disable the VPN service of Vigor Router to allow VPN tunnel pass through,
as well as the appropriate NAT settings, such as DMZ or open port. And, if you want to
enable ISDN dial-in function, please check “Enable ISDN Dial-In” in this page.
Enable PPTP VPN Service Check this box to activate the VPN service through PPTP
protocol.
Enable IPSec VPN Service Check this box to activate the VPN service through IPSec
protocol.
Enable L2TP VPN Service Check this box to activate the VPN service through L2TP
protocol.
Enable ISDN Dial-IN
This feature is available for i model. Check this box to
activate the ISDN dial-in.
3.8.2 PPP General Setup
This submenu only applies to PPP-related connections, such as PPTP, L2TP, L2TP over
IPSec of VPN or ISDN.
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Select this option to force the router to authenticate dial-in
Dial-In PPP
Authentication PAP Only users with the PAP protocol.
PAP or CHAP
Selecting this option means the router will attempt to
authenticate dial-in users with the CHAP protocol first. If the
dial-in user does not support this protocol, it will fall back to
use the PAP protocol for authentication.
Dial-In PPP Encryption
(MPPE Optional MPPE
This option represents that the MPPE encryption method will
be optionally employed in the router for the remote dial-in
user. If the remote dial-in user does not support the MPPE
encryption algorithm, the router will transmit “no MPPE
encrypted packets”. Otherwise, the MPPE encryption scheme
will be used to encrypt the data.
Require MPPE (40/128bits) - Selecting this option will force
the router to encrypt packets by using the MPPE encryption
algorithm. In addition, the remote dial-in user will use 40-bit
to perform encryption prior to using 128-bit for encryption.
In other words, if 128-bit MPPE encryption method is not
available, then 40-bit encryption scheme will be applied to
encrypt the data.
Maximum MPPE - This option indicates that the router will
use the MPPE encryption scheme with maximum bits
(128-bit) to encrypt the data.
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Mutual Authentication
(PAP)
The Mutual Authentication function is mainly used to
communicate with other routers or clients who need
bi-directional authentication in order to provide stronger
security, for example, Cisco routers. So you should enable
this function when your peer router requires mutual
authentication. You should further specify the User Name
and Password of the mutual authentication peer.
Start IP Address
Enter a start IP address for the dial-in PPP connection. You
should choose an IP address from the local private network.
For example, if the local private network is
192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0, you could choose 192.168.1.200
as the Start IP Address. But, you have to notice that the first
two IP addresses of 192.168.1.200 and 192.168.1.201 are
reserved for ISDN remote dial-in user.
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3.8.3 IPSec General Setup
In IPSec General Setup, there are two major parts of configuration.
There are two phases of IPSec.
¾
Phase 1: negotiation of IKE parameters including encryption, hash, Diffie-Hellman
parameter values, and lifetime to protect the following IKE exchange, authentication of
both peers using either a Pre-Shared Key or Digital Signature (x.509). The peer that
starts the negotiation proposes all its policies to the remote peer and then remote peer
tries to find a highest-priority match with its policies. Eventually to set up a secure
tunnel for IKE Phase 2.
¾
Phase 2: negotiation IPSec security methods including Authentication Header (AH) or
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) for the following IKE exchange and mutual
examination of the secure tunnel establishment.
There are two encapsulation methods used in IPSec, Transport and Tunnel. The Transport
mode will add the AH/ESP payload and use original IP header to encapsulate the data
payload only. It can just apply to local packet, e.g., L2TP over IPSec. The Tunnel mode will
not only add the AH/ESP payload but also use a new IP header (Tunneled IP header) to
encapsulate the whole original IP packet.
Authentication Header (AH) provides data authentication and integrity for IP packets passed
between VPN peers. This is achieved by a keyed one-way hash function to the packet to
create a message digest. This digest will be put in the AH and transmitted along with packets.
On the receiving side, the peer will perform the same one-way hash on the packet and
compare the value with the one in the AH it receives.
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) is a security protocol that provides data
confidentiality and protection with optional authentication and replay detection service.
IKE Authentication Method This usually applies to those are remote dial-in user or node
(LAN-to-LAN) which uses dynamic IP address and
IPSec-related VPN connections such as L2TP over IPSec
and IPSec tunnel.
Pre-Shared Key -Currently only support Pre-Shared Key
authentication.
Pre-Shared Key- Specify a key for IKE authentication
Confirm Pre-Shared Key-Confirm the pre-shared key.
IPSec Security Method
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Medium - Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
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active.
High - Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means
payload (data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may
select encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard
(DES), Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
3.8.4 IPSec Peer Identity
To use digital certificate for peer authentication in either LAN-to-LAN connection or
Remote User Dial-In connection, here you may edit a table of peer certificate for selection.
As shown below, the router provides 32 entries of digital certificates for peer users.
Set to Factory Default
Click it to clear all indexes.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of IPSec Peer Identity.
Name
Display the profile name of that index.
Click each index to edit one peer digital certificate. There are three security levels of digital
signature authentication: Fill each necessary field to authenticate the remote peer. The
following explanation will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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Profile Name
Type in a name in this file.
Enable this account
Check this box to enable such profile.
Accept Any Peer ID
Click to accept any peer regardless of its identity.
Accept Subject Alternative Click to check one specific field of digital signature to accept
the peer with matching value. The field can be IP Address,
Name
Domain, or E-mail Address. The box under the Type will
appear according to the type you select and ask you to fill in
corresponding setting.
Accept Subject Name
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Click to check the specific fields of digital signature to accept
the peer with matching value. The field includes Country (C),
State (ST), Location (L), Organization (O), Organization
Unit (OU), Common Name (CN), and Email (E).
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3.8.5 Remote Dial-in User
You can manage remote access by maintaining a table of remote user profile, so that users
can be authenticated to dial-in via ISDN or build the VPN connection. You may set
parameters including specified connection peer ID, connection type (ISDN Dial-In
connection, VPN connection - including PPTP, IPSec Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over
IPSec) and corresponding security methods, etc.
The router provides 32 access accounts for dial-in users. Besides, you can extend the user
accounts to the RADIUS server through the built-in RADIUS client function. The following
figure shows the summary table.
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of Remote Dial-in User.
User
Display the username for the specific dial-in user of the
LAN-to-LAN profile. The symbol ??? represents that the
profile is empty.
Status
Display the access state of the specific dial-in user. The
symbol V and X represent the specific dial-in user to be active
and inactive, respectively.
Click each index to edit one remote user profile. Each Dial-In Type requires you to fill the
different corresponding fields on the right. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave it
untouched. The following explanation will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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Enable this account
Check the box to enable this function.
Idle Timeout- If the dial-in user is idle over the limitation of
the timer, the router will drop this connection. By default, the
Idle Timeout is set to 300 seconds.
ISDN
Allow the remote ISDN dial-in connection. You can further
set up Callback function below. You should set the User
Name and Password of remote dial-in user below. This feature
is for i model only.
PPTP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a PPTP VPN
connection through the Internet. You should set the User
Name and Password of remote dial-in user below
IPSec Tunnel
Allow the remote dial-in user to make an IPSec VPN
connection through Internet.
L2TP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a L2TP VPN
connection through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP
alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None - Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have - Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-in VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must -Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
Specify Remote Node
Check the checkbox-You can specify the IP address of the
remote dial-in user, ISDN number or peer ID (used in IKE
aggressive mode).
Uncheck the checkbox-This means the connection type you
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select above will apply the authentication methods and
security methods in the general settings.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
IKE Authentication Method This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the IP address of the
remote node. The only exception is Digital Signature (X.509)
can be set when you select IPSec tunnel either with or without
specify the IP address of the remote node.
Pre-Shared Key - Check the box of Pre-Shared Key to
invoke this function and type in the required characters (1-63)
as the pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) – Check the box of Digital
Signature to invoke this function and select one predefined in
the X.509 Peer ID Profiles (set from VPN and Remote
Access>>IPSec Peer Identity)..
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IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the remote node. Check
the Medium, DES, 3DES or AES box as the security method.
Medium -Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
invoked. You can uncheck it to disable it.
High-Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
Local ID - Specify a local ID to be used for Dial-in setting in
the LAN-to-LAN Profile setup. This item is optional and can
be used only in IKE aggressive mode.
Callback Function
The callback function provides a callback service only for the
ISDN dial-in user (for i model only). The remote user will be
charged the connection fee by the telecom.
Check to enable Callback function-Enables the callback
function.
Specify the callback number-The option is for extra security.
Once enabled, the router will ONLY call back to the specified
Callback Number.
Check to enable callback budget control-By default, the
callback function has a time restriction. Once the callback
budget has been exhausted, the callback mechanism will be
disabled automatically.
Callback Budget (Unit: minutes)- Specify the time budget
for the dial-in user. The budget will be decreased
automatically per callback connection.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
3.8.6 LAN to LAN
Here you can manage LAN-to-LAN connections by maintaining a table of connection
profiles. You may set parameters including specified connection direction (dial-in or
dial-out), connection peer ID, connection type (ISDN connection, VPN connection including PPTP, IPSec Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over IPSec) and corresponding security
methods, etc.
The router provides up to 32 profiles, which also means supporting 32 VPN tunnels
simultaneously. The following figure shows the summary table.
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Name
Indicate the name of the LAN-to-LAN profile. The
symbol ??? represents that the profile is empty.
Status
Indicate the status of individual profiles. The symbol
V and X represent the profile to be active and
inactive, respectively.
LAN-to-LAN profiles are suitable for dial-out usage. If the profile name displayed in red, it
means that the profile has been grouped into VPN TRUNK. If the profile name displayed in
black, it means that profile is not grouped into VPN TRUNK and can be invoked
individually.
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Click each index to edit each profile and you will get the following page. Each LAN-to-LAN
profile includes 4 subgroups. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave it untouched. The
following explanations will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
When VPN TRUNK is activated, several fields (e.g., Dial-in Settings, Dial-in selection in
Call Direction and others) might be locked and dimmed. Please refer to VPN and Remote
Access>>VPN TRUNK Management for more details.
For the web page is too long, we divide the page into several sections for explanation.
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Profile Name
Specify a name for the profile of the LAN-to-LAN
connection.
Enable this profile
Check here to activate this profile.
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VPN Connection Through
Use the drop down menu to choose a proper WAN interface
for this profile. This setting is useful for dial-out only.
WAN1 First - While connecting, the router will use WAN1
as the first channel for VPN connection. If WAN1 fails, the
router will use another WAN interface instead.
WAN1 Only - While connecting, the router will use WAN1
as the only channel for VPN connection.
WAN2 First - While connecting, the router will use WAN2
as the first channel for VPN connection. If WAN2 fails, the
router will use another WAN interface instead.
WAN2 Only - While connecting, the router will use WAN2
as the only channel for VPN connection.
Call Direction
Specify the allowed call direction of this LAN-to-LAN profile.
Both:-initiator/responder
Dial-Out- initiator only
Dial-In- responder only.
Always On or Idle Timeout Always On-Check to enable router always keep VPN
connection.
Idle Timeout: The default value is 300 seconds. If the
connection has been idled over the value, the router will drop
the connection.
Enable PING to keep alive This function is to help the router to determine the status of
IPSec VPN connection, especially useful in the case of
abnormal VPN IPSec tunnel disruption. For details, please
refer to the note below. Check to enable the transmission of
PING packets to a specified IP address.
PING to the IP
Enter the IP address of the remote host that located at the
other-end of the VPN tunnel.
Enable PING to Keep Alive is used to handle abnormal
IPSec VPN connection disruption. It will help to provide
the state of a VPN connection for router’s judgment of
redial.
Normally, if any one of VPN peers wants to disconnect
the connection, it should follow a serial of packet
exchange procedure to inform each other. However, if the
remote peer disconnect without notice, Vigor router will
by no where to know this situation. To resolve this
dilemma, by continuously sending PING packets to the
remote host, the Vigor router can know the true existence
of this VPN connection and react accordingly. This is
independent of DPD (dead peer detection).
ISDN
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If you want to connect two networks with ISDN connection,
please select ISDN radio button to build ISDN dial-out
connection to the server. You should set up Link Type and
identity like User Name and Password for the authentication
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of remote server. You can further set up Callback (CBCP)
function below. This feature is useful for i model only.
PPTP
Build a PPTP VPN connection to the server through the
Internet. You should set the identity like User Name and
Password below for the authentication of remote server.
IPSec Tunnel
Build an IPSec VPN connection to the server through Internet.
L2TP with …
Build a L2TP VPN connection through the Internet. You can
select to use L2TP alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None: Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have: Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-out VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must: Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
PPP Authentication
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above. PAP/CHAP is the most
common selection due to wild compatibility.
VJ compression
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above. VJ Compression is used
for TCP/IP protocol header compression. Normally set to Yes
to improve bandwidth utilization.
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy.
Pre-Shared Key-Input 1-63 characters as pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) – Click this radio button to invoke
this function and select one predefined in the X.509 Peer ID
Profiles (set from VPN and Remote Access>>IPSec Peer
Identity).
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy.
Medium
Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High (ESP-Encapsulating Security Payload)- means
payload (data) will be encrypted and authenticated. Select
from below:
DES without Authentication -Use DES encryption algorithm
and not apply any authentication scheme.
DES with Authentication-Use DES encryption algorithm and
apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
3DES without Authentication-Use triple DES encryption
algorithm and not apply any authentication scheme.
3DES with Authentication-Use triple DES encryption
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Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
algorithm and apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
AES without Authentication-Use AES encryption algorithm
and not apply any authentication scheme.
AES with Authentication-Use AES encryption algorithm and
apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
Advanced
Specify mode, proposal and key life of each IKE phase,
Gateway etc.
The window of advance setup is shown as below:
IKE phase 1 mode -Select from Main mode and Aggressive
mode. The ultimate outcome is to exchange security proposals
to create a protected secure channel. Main mode is more
secure than Aggressive mode since more exchanges are done
in a secure channel to set up the IPSec session. However, the
Aggressive mode is faster. The default value in Vigor router is
Main mode.
IKE phase 1 proposal-To propose the local available
authentication schemes and encryption algorithms to the VPN
peers, and get its feedback to find a match. Two combinations
are available for Aggressive mode and thirty for Main mode.
We suggest you select the combination that covers the most
schemes. Below shows the available proposals:
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IKE phase 2 proposal-To propose the local available
algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback to find a
match. Three combinations are available for both modes. We
suggest you select the combination that covers the most
algorithms.
IKE phase 1 key lifetime-For security reason, the lifetime of
key should be defined. The default value is 28800 seconds.
You may specify a value in between 900 and 86400 seconds.
IKE phase 2 key lifetime-For security reason, the lifetime of
key should be defined. The default value is 3600 seconds.
You may specify a value in between 600 and 86400 seconds.
Perfect Forward Secret (PFS)-The IKE Phase 1 key will be
reused to avoid the computation complexity in phase 2. The
default value is inactive this function.
Local ID -In Aggressive mode, Local ID is on behalf of the IP
address while identity authenticating with remote VPN server.
The length of the ID is limited to 47 characters.
Callback Function
(for i models only)
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The callback function provides a callback service as a part of
PPP suite only for the ISDN dial-in user. The router owner
will be charged the connection fee by the telecom.
Require Remote to Callback-Enable this to let the router to
require the remote peer to callback for the connection
afterwards.
Provide ISDN Number to Remote-In the case that the
remote peer requires the Vigor router to callback, the local
ISDN number will be provided to the remote peer. Check
here to allow the Vigor router to send the ISDN number to
the remote router. This feature is useful for i model only.
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Allowed Dial-In Type
Determine the dial-in connection with different types.
ISDN
Allow the remote ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection. You
should set the User Name and Password of remote dial-in user
below. This feature is useful for i model only. In addition, you
can further set up Callback function below.
PPTP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a PPTP VPN
connection through the Internet. You should set the User
Name and Password of remote dial-in user below.
IPSec Tunnel
Allow the remote dial-in user to trigger an IPSec VPN
connection through Internet.
L2TP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a L2TP VPN
connection through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP
alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None- Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have- Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-in VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must- Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
Specify CLID or Remote
You can specify the IP address of the remote dial-in user or
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VPN Gateway
peer ID (should be the same with the ID setting in dial-in
type) by checking the box. Enter Peer ISDN number if you
select ISDN above (This feature is useful for i model only.).
Also, you should further specify the corresponding security
methods on the right side.
If you uncheck the checkbox, the connection type you select
above will apply the authentication methods and security
methods in the general settings.
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User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
VJ Compression
VJ Compression is used for TCP/IP protocol header
compression. This field is applicable when you select ISDN,
PPTP or L2TP with or without IPSec policy above.
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the IP address of the
remote node. The only exception is Digital Signature (X.509)
can be set when you select IPSec tunnel either with or without
specify the IP address of the remote node.
Pre-Shared Key - Check the box of Pre-Shared Key to
invoke this function and type in the required characters (1-63)
as the pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) – Check the box of Digital
Signature to invoke this function and select one predefined in
the X.509 Peer ID Profiles (set from VPN and Remote
Access>>IPSec Peer Identity).
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the remote node.
Medium- Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High- Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
Callback Function
The callback function provides a callback service only for the
ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection (this feature is useful for i
model only). The remote user will be charged the connection
fee by the telecom.
Check to enable Callback function-Enables the callback
function.
Callback number-The option is for extra security. Once
enabled, the router will ONLY call back to the specified
Callback Number.
Callback budget- By default, the callback function has
limitation of callback period. Once the callback budget is
exhausted, the function will be disabled automatically.
Callback Budget (Unit: minutes)- Specify the time budget
for the dial-in user. The budget will be decreased
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automatically per callback connection. The default value 0
means no limitation of callback period.
My WAN IP
This field is only applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or
L2TP with or without IPSec policy above. The default value is
0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will get a PPP IP
address from the remote router during the IPCP negotiation
phase. If the PPP IP address is fixed by remote side, specify
the fixed IP address here. Do not change the default value if
you do not select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Gateway IP
This field is only applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or
L2TP with or without IPSec policy above. The default value is
0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will get a remote
Gateway PPP IP address from the remote router during the
IPCP negotiation phase. If the PPP IP address is fixed by
remote side, specify the fixed IP address here. Do not change
the default value if you do not select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Network IP/
Remote Network Mask
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to this Remote
Network IP Address/Remote Network Mask through the VPN
connection. For IPSec, this is the destination clients IDs of
phase 2 quick mode.
More
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to more Remote
Network IP Addresses/ Remote Network Mask through the
VPN connection. This is usually used when you find there are
several subnets behind the remote VPN router.
RIP Direction
The option specifies the direction of RIP (Routing Information
Protocol) packets. You can enable/disable one of direction
here. Herein, we provide four options: TX/RX Both, TX Only,
RX Only, and Disable.
RIP Version
Select the RIP protocol version. Specify Ver. 2 for greatest
compatibility.
From first subnet to
remote network, you
have to do
If the remote network only allows you to dial in with single
IP, please choose NAT, otherwise choose Route.
Change default route to
this VPN tunnel
Check this box to change the default route with this VPN
tunnel. Be aware that this setting is available only for one
WAN interface is enabled. It is not available when both
WAN interfaces are enabled.
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3.8.7 VPN TRUNK Management
VPN TRUNK Management is a backup mechanism to set multiple VPN tunnels for using as
backup tunnel. It can assure the network connection would not be cut off due to network
environment blocked by any reason.
Features of VPN TRUNK
¾
VPN TRUNK can judge abnormal situation for the environment of VPN server and
correct it to complete the backup of VPN Tunnel in real-time.
¾
VPN TRUNK is complaint with all WAN modes (single/multi)
¾
Dial-out connection types contain IPSec, PPTP, L2TP, L2TP over IPSec and ISDN
(depends on hardware specification)
¾
The web page is simple to understand and easy to configure
¾
Filly compliant with VPN Server LAN Sit Single/Multi Network
¾
Mail Alert support, please refer to System Maintenance >> SysLog / Mail Alert for
detailed configuration
¾
Syslog support, please refer to System Maintenance >> SysLog / Mail Alert for
detailed configuration
¾
Specific ERD (Environment Recovery Detection) mechanism which can be operated by
using Telnet command
VPN TRUNK profile will be activated when initial connection of single VPN tunnel is
off-line. Before setting VPN TRUNK backup profile, please configure at least two sets of
LAN-to-LAN profiles (with fully configured dial-out settings) first, otherwise you will not
have selections for grouping Member1 and Member2.
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Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all VPN TRUNK profile.
No
The order of VPN TRUNK profile.
Status (on Backup Profile
“v” means such profile is enabled.
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field)
”x” means such profile is disabled.
Name (on Backup Profile
field)
Display the name of VPN TRUNK profile.
Member1 (on Backup
Profile field)
Display the dial-out profile selected from the Member1 drop
down list below.
Active (on Backup Profile
field)
“Yes” means normal condition.
”No” means the state might be disabled or that profile
currently is set with Dial-in mode (for call direction) in
LAN-to-LAN.
Type (on Backup Profile
field)
Display the connection type for that profile, such as IPSec,
PPTP, L2TP, L2TP over IPSec (NICE), L2TP over
IPSec(MUST) and so on.
Member2 (on Backup
Profile field)
Display the dial-out profile selected from the Member2 drop
down list below.
Status
After choosing one of the profile listed above, please click
Enable to activate this profile. If you click Disable, the
selected VPN TRUNK profile will not have any effect for
VPN tunnel.
Profile Name
Type a name for VPN TRUNK profile. Each profile can group
two VPN connections set in LAN-to-LAN. The saved VPN
profiles in LAN-to-LAN will be shown on Member1 and
Member2 fields.
Member 1/Member2
Display the selection for LAN-to-LAN dial-out profiles
(configured in VPN and Remote Access >> LAN-to-LAN)
for you to choose for grouping under certain VPN backup
profile.
No - Index number of LAN-to-LAN dial-out profile.
Name - Profile name of AN-to-LAN dial-out profile.
Connection Type - Connection type of AN-to-LAN dial-out
profile.
VPN ServerIP (Private Network) - VPN Server IP of
LAN-to-LAN dial-out profiles.
Attribute Mode
Display available mode for you to choose. At present, only
backup function is provided by this system. It is not necessary
for you to choose attribute mode for your router.
Add
Add and save new profile to the backup profile list. The
corresponding members (LAN-to-LAN profiles) grouped in
such new VPN TRUNK profile will be locked. The profiles in
LAN-to-LAN will be displayed in red.
Edit
Click this button to save the changes to the Status (Enable or
Disable), profile name, member1 or member2.
Delete
Click this button to delete the selected VPN TRUNK profile.
The corresponding members (LAN-to-LAN profiles) grouped
in the deleted VPN TRUNK profile will be released and that
profiles in LAN-to-LAN will be displayed in black.
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Time for activating VPN TRUNK profile
VPN TRUNK backup will be activated automatically after the initial connection of single
VPN Tunnel off-line. The content in Member1/2 within VPN TRUNK backup profile is
similar to dial-out profile configured in LAN-to-LAN web page. VPN TRUNK backup
profile will process and handle everything unless it is off-line once it is activated.
How can you set a VPN TRUNK profile?
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1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access>>LAN-to-LAN. Set two or more LAN-to-LAN
profiles first.
2.
Access into VPN and Remote Access>>VPN TRUNK Management.
3.
Set one group of VPN TRUNK backup profile by choosing Enable radio button, type a
name for such profile, choose one of the LAN-to-LAN profiles from Member1 drop
down list, choose one of the LAN-to-LAN profiles from Member2 drop down list, last
click Add.
4.
Index No.1 is the first VPN TRUNK backup profile. LAN-to-LAN profile of Index 3 is
chosen as Member1; LAN-to-LAN profile of index 4 is chosen as Member2. At the
same time, LAN-to-LAN profiles of 3 and 4 will be expressed in red to indicate that
they are fixed.
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3.8.8 Connection Management
You can find the summary table of all VPN connections. You may disconnect any VPN
connection by clicking Drop button. You may also aggressively Dial-out by using Dial-out
Tool and clicking Dial button.
General Mode
This filed displays the profile configured in LAN-to-LAN
(with Index number and VPN Server IP address). The VPN
connection built by General Mode does not support VPN
backup function.
Backup Mode
This filed displays the profile name saved in VPN TRUNK
Management (with Index number and VPN Server IP address).
The VPN connection built by Backup Mode supports VPN
backup function.
Dial
Click this button to execute dial out function.
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Refresh Seconds
Choose the time for refresh the dial information among 5, 10,
and 30.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the whole connection status.
Note: The status of LAN to LAN for ISDN is shown on the page of Online Status.
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3.9 Certificate Management
A digital certificate works as an electronic ID, which is issued by a certification authority
(CA). It contains information such as your name, a serial number, expiration dates etc., and
the digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority so that a recipient can verify that the
certificate is real. Here Vigor router support digital certificates conforming to standard
X.509.
Any entity wants to utilize digital certificates should first request a certificate issued by a CA
server. It should also retrieve certificates of other trusted CA servers so it can authenticate
the peer with certificates issued by those trusted CA servers.
Here you can manage generate and manage the local digital certificates, and set trusted CA
certificates. Remember to adjust the time of Vigor router before using the certificate so that
you can get the correct valid period of certificate.
Below shows the menu items for Certificate Management.
3.9.1 Local Certificate
Generate
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Click this button to open Generate Certificate Request
window.
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Type in all the information that the window request. Then
click Generate again.
Import
Click this button to import a saved file as the certification
information.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the information listed below.
View
Click this button to view the detailed settings for certificate
request.
After clicking Generate, the generated information will be displayed on the window below:
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3.9.2 Trusted CA Certificate
Trusted CA certificate lists three sets of trusted CA certificate.
To import a pre-saved trusted CA certificate, please click IMPORT to open the following
window. Use Browse… to find out the saved text file. Then click Import. The one you
imported will be listed on the Trusted CA Certificate window. Then click Import to use the
pre-saved file.
For viewing each trusted CA certificate, click View to open the certificate detail information
window. If you want to delete a CA certificate, choose the one and click Delete to remove all
the certificate information.
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3.9.3 Certificate Backup
Local certificate and Trusted CA certificate for this router can be saved within one file.
Please click Backup on the following screen to save them. If you want to set encryption
password for these certificates, please type characters in both fields of Encrypt password
and Retype password.
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3.10 VoIP
Voice over IP network (VoIP) enables you to use your broadband Internet connection to
make toll quality voice calls over the Internet.
There are many different call signaling protocols, methods by which VoIP devices can talk
to each other. The most popular protocols are SIP, MGCP, Megaco and H.323. These
protocols are not all compatible with each other (except via a soft-switch server).
The Vigor V models support the SIP protocol as this is an ideal and convenient deployment
for the ITSP (Internet Telephony Service Provider) and softphone and is widely supported.
SIP is an end-to-end, signaling protocol that establishes user presence and mobility in VoIP
structure. Every one who wants to talk using his/her SIP Uniform Resource Identifier, “SIP
Address”. The standard format of SIP URI is
sip: user:password @ host: port
Some fields may be optional in different use. In general, "host” refers to a domain. The
“userinfo” includes the user field, the password field and the @ sign following them. This is
very similar to a URL so some may call it “SIP URL”. SIP supports peer-to-peer direct
calling and also calling via a SIP proxy server (a role similar to the gatekeeper in H.323
networks), while the MGCP protocol uses client-server architecture, the calling scenario
being very similar to the current PSTN network.
After a call is setup, the voice streams transmit via RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol).
Different codecs (methods to compress and encode the voice) can be embedded into RTP
packets. Vigor V models provide various codecs, including G.711 A/µ-law, G.723, G.726
and G.729 A & B. Each codec uses a different bandwidth and hence provides different levels
of voice quality. The more bandwidth a codec uses the better the voice quality, however the
codec used must be appropriate for your Internet bandwidth.
Usually there will be two types of calling scenario, as illustrated below:
z
Calling via SIP Servers
First, the Vigor V models of yours will have to register to a SIP Registrar by sending
registration messages to validate. Then, both parties’ SIP proxies will forward the
sequence of messages to caller to establish the session.
If you both register to the same SIP Registrar, then it will be illustrated as below:
The major benefit of this mode is that you don’t have to memorize your friend’s IP
address, which might change very frequently if it’s dynamic. Instead of that, you will
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123
only have to using dial plan or directly dial your friend’s account name if you are
with the same SIP Registrar. Please refer to the section 4.5.1.
z
Peer-to-Peer
Before calling, you have to know your friend’s IP Address. The Vigor VoIP Routers
will build connection between each other. Please refer to the section 4.5.2.
Our Vigor V models firstly apply efficient codecs designed to make the best use of
available bandwidth, but Vigor V models also equip with automatic QoS assurance.
QoS Assurance assists to assign high priority to voice traffic via Internet. You will
always have the required inbound and outbound bandwidth that is prioritized
exclusively for Voice traffic over Internet but you just get your data a little slower and
it is tolerable for data traffic.
3.10.1 DialPlan
This page allows you to set phone book and digit map for the VoIP function. Click the
Phone Book and Digit Map links on the page to access into next pages for dialplan settings.
Phone Book
In this section, you can set your VoIP contacts in the “phonebook”. It can help you to make
calls quickly and easily by using “speed-dial” Phone Number. There are total 60 index
entries in the phonebook for you to store all your friends and family members’ SIP addresses.
Loop through and Backup Phone Number will be displayed if you are using Vigor
2910VGi for setting the phone book.
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Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any number
you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s calling
without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address
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125
This page will differ for different models. Below is a sample page obtained from Vigor
2910VGi. The selection of Loop through and Backup Phone Number is only available for
2910VGi model.
126
Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any number
you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s calling
without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address
Loop through
For the model of Vigor 2910VGi, the selection should be as
the following:
Backup Phone Number
When the VoIP phone is obstructs or the Internet breaks down
for some reasons, the backup phone will be dialed out to
replace the VoIP phone number. At this time, the phone call
will be changed from VoIP phone into PSTN call according to
the loop through direction chosen. Note that, during the phone
switch, the blare of phone will appear for a short time. And
when the VoIP phone is switched into the PSTN phone, the
telecom co. might charge you for the connection fee. Please
type in backup phone number (PSTN number) for this VoIP
phone setting.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Digit Map
For the convenience of user, this page allows users to edit prefix number for the SIP account
with adding number, stripping number or replacing number. It is used to help user having a
quick and easy way to dial out through VoIP interface.
Enable
Check this box to invoke this setting.
Prefix Number
The phone number set here is used to add, strip, or replace the
OP number.
Mode
None - No action.
Add - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
added with the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface.
Strip - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
deleted by the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, the OP number of 886 will be
deleted completely for the prefix number is set with 886.
Replace - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
replaced by the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, the prefix number of 03 will
be replaced by 8863. For example: dial number of
“031111111” will be changed to “88631111111” and sent to
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127
SIP server.
OP Number
The front number you type here is the first part of the account
number that you want to execute special function (according
to the chosen mode) by using the prefix number.
Min Len
Set the minimal length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, if the dial number is between
7 and 9, that number can apply the prefix number settings
here.
Max Len
Set the maximum length of the dail number for applying the
prefix number settings.
Interface
Choose the one that you want to enable the prefix number
settings from the saved SIP accounts. Please set up one SIP
account first to make this interface available.
3.10.2 SIP Accounts
In this section, you set up your own SIP settings. When you apply for an account, your SIP
service provider will give you an Account Name or user name, SIP Registrar, Proxy, and
Domain name. (The last three might be the same in some case). Then you can tell your folks
your SIP Address as in Account Name@ Domain name
As Vigor VoIP Router is turned on, it will first register with Registrar using
AuthorizationUser@Domain/Realm. After that, your call will be bypassed by SIP Proxy to
the destination using AccountName@Domain/Realm as identity.
Index
128
Click this link to access into next page for setting SIP account.
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Profile
Display the profile name of the account.
Domain/Realm
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP registrar
server.
Proxy
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP proxy
server.
Account Name
Display the account name of SIP address before @.
Ring Port
Specify which port will ring when receiving a phone call.
STUN Server
Type in the IP address or domain of the STUN server.
External IP
Type in the gateway IP address.
SIP PING interval
The default value is 150sec. It is useful for a Nortel server
NAT Traversal Support.
Status
Show the status for the corresponding SIP account. R means
such account is registered on SIP server successfully. – means
the account is failed to register on SIP server.
Profile Name
Assign a name for this profile for identifying. You can type
similar name with the domain. For example, if the domain
name is draytel.org, then you might set draytel-1 in this field.
Register via
If you want to make VoIP call without register personal
information, please choose None and check the box to achieve
the goal. Some SIP server allows user to use VoIP function
without registering. For such server, please check the box of
make call without register. Choosing Auto is recommended.
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The system will select a proper way for your VoIP call.
SIP Port
Set the port number for sending/receiving SIP message for
building a session. The default value is 5060. Your peer must
set the same value in his/her Registrar.
Domain/Realm
Set the domain name or IP address of the SIP Registrar server.
Proxy
Set domain name or IP address of SIP proxy server. By the
time you can type:port number after the domain name to
specify that port as the destination of data transmission (e.g.,
nat.draytel.org:5065)
Act as Outbound Proxy
Check this box to make the proxy acting as outbound proxy.
Display Name
The caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen.
Account Number/Name
Enter your account name of SIP Address, e.g. every text
before @.
Authentication ID
Check the box to invoke this function and enter the name or
number used for SIP Authorization with SIP Registrar. If this
setting value is the same as Account Name, it is not necessary
for you to check the box and set any value in this field.
Password
The password provided to you when you registered with a SIP
service.
Expiry Time
The time duration that your SIP Registrar server keeps your
registration record. Before the time expires, the router will
send another register request to SIP Registrar again.
NAT Traversal Support
If the router (e.g., broadband router) you use connects to
internet by other device, you have to set this function for your
necessity.
None – Disable this function.
Stun – Choose this option if there is Stun server provided for
your router.
Manual – Choose this option if you want to specify an
external IP address as the NAT transversal support.
Nortel – If the soft-switch that you use supports nortel
solution, you can choose this option.
Ring Port
130
Set VoIP1, VoIP 2 or ISDN as the default ring port for this
SIP account. If you choose either VoIP1 or VoIP2, the ISDN
selection will be dimmed, vice versa.
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Ring Pattern
Choose a ring tone type for the VoIP phone call.
Below shows successful SIP accounts for your reference.
3.10.3 Phone Settings
This page allows user to set phone settings for VoIP 1 and VoIP 2 respectively.
Phone List
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Port – There are three phone ports provided here for you to
configure.
Call feature – A brief description for call feature will be
shown in this field for your reference.
Codec – The default Codec setting for each port will be
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shown in this field for your reference. You can click the
number below the Index field to change it for each phone port.
Tone - Display the tone settings that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
Gain - Display the volume gain settings for Mic/Speaker that
configured in the advanced settings page of Phone Index.
Default SIP Account – “draytel_1” is the default SIP account.
You can click the number below the Index field to change SIP
account for each phone port.
DTMF Relay – Display DTMF mode that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
RTP
Symmetric RTP – Check this box to invoke the function. To
make the data transmission going through on both ends of
local router and remote router not misleading due to IP lost
(for example, sending data from the public IP of remote router
to the private IP of local router), you can check this box to
solve this problem.
Dynamic RTP port start - Specifies the start port for RTP
stream. The default value is 10050.
Dynamic RTP port end - Specifies the end port for RTP
stream. The default value is 15000.
RTP TOS – It decides the level of VoIP package. Use the
drop down list to choose any one of them.
Detailed Settings for VoIP 1 and 2
Click the number 1 or 2 link under Index column, you can access into the following page for
configuring Phone settings.
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Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field
for dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
T.38 Fax Function
If the remote end also supports FAX function, you can check
this box to enable this function.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close
call forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls
will be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy
means the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL
only when the local system is busy. No answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response, they will be
forwarded to the SIP URL by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., aaa@draytel.org or
abc@iptel.org) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule
profiles to control the DND mode according to the
preconfigured schedules. Refer to section 3.5.2 Schedule for
detailed configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
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133
profiles. Refer to section 3.10.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
Call Waiting
Check this box to invoke this function. A notice sound will
appear to tell the user new phone call is waiting for your
response. Click hook flash to pick up the waiting phone call.
Call Transfer
Check this box to invoke this function. Click hook flash to
initiate another phone call. When the phone call connection
succeeds, hang up the phone. The other two sides can
communicate, then.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls.
The codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer
party before each session, and so may not be your default
choice. The default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little
bandwidth while maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711
codec. It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if
you would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
invoke this function; click off to close the function.
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Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile
names for the accounts as the default one for this phone
setting.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this
box to invoke the function.
Default Call Route
It determines the default direction for the call route of the
router.
To ISDN (for VoIP) - The router is set by using ISDN call.
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To change ISDN call into VoIP call, please dial the character
in this field for transferring. The character that you can type
can be *, #, and 0~9.
To VoIP (for ISDN) - The router is set by using VoIP call. To
change VoIP call into ISDN call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain,
MISC and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication
custom for the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause
inconvenience for users. To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper
region to let the system find out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or
you can adjust tone settings manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and
TOff2 mean the cadence of the tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and
TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Region
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose
User Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial
tone, ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for
VoIP phone.
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Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
136
Caller ID Type
There are several standards provided here for displaying the
caller ID on the panel of the telephone set. Choose the one
that is suitable for the phone set according to the area of the
router installed. If you don’t know what standard that the
phone set supports, please use the default setting.
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the
louder the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the
default setting.
Ring Frequency - This setting is used to drive the frequency
of the ring tone. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
DTMF
InBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO- Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent
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to the remote end with SIP message.
Payload Type (rfc2833)
Choose a number from 96 to 127, the default value was 101.
This setting is available for the OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
Detailed Settings for ISDN (available for VGi model only)
Click the number 3 link under Index column, you can access into the following page for
configuring Phone settings.
Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field
for dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
ISDN Loop Through Ring
Port
Click the radio button to specify which port will ring if MSN
mapping ring port (configured in ISDN>>General Setup) is
not set properly.
Broadcast call – Both FXS1 and FXS2 will ring.
FXS 1- Such port will ring.
FXS 2- Such port will ring.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close
call forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls
will be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy
means the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL
only when the local system is busy. No answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response, they will be
forwarded to the SIP URL by the time out.
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SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., aaa@draytel.org or
abc@iptel.org) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule
profiles to control the DND mode according to the
preconfigured schedules. Refer to section 3.5.2 Schedule for
detailed configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
profiles. Refer to section 3.10.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls.
The codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer
party before each session, and so may not be your default
choice. The default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little
bandwidth while maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711
codec. It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if
you would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
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invoke this function; click off to close the function.
Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile
names for the accounts as the default one for this phone
setting.
Play dial tone only when
account registered
Check this box to invoke the function.
FXO Feature
Enable ISDN to VoIP (On-Net) Calls – Check this box to
make all the outgoing calls from ISDN line to be forwarded to
receivers by Internet.
Enable VoIP to ISDN (Off-Net) Calls –Check this box to
make all the incoming calls coming from Internet to be
forwarded to receivers by ISDN line.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain,
MISC and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication
custom for the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause
inconvenience for users. To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper
region to let the system find out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or
you can adjust tone settings manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and
TOff2 mean the cadence of the tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and
TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Region
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose
139
User Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial
tone, ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for
VoIP phone.
Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
140
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the
louder the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the
default setting.
Authentication PIN Code
Check for ISDN to VoIP Calls – Set a pin code for the router
to authenticate which one is allowed to dial ISDN to VoIP call.
The figure that you can type in this field is limited from three
to eight with digits from zero to nine.
Check for VoIP to ISDN Calls - Set a pin code for the router
to authenticate which one is allowed to dial VoIP to ISDN call.
The figure that you can type in this field is limited from three
to eight with digits from zero to nine.
DTMP
DTMF mode – There are four selections provided here:
InBand:Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand: Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO: Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent
to the remote end with SIP message.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
Disallow VoIP to ISDN
Calls with the Following
Prefixes
Set the prefix of the phone number to forbid the user dialing
through VoIP to ISDN. All the phone number with the
prefix specified here will not be allowed to connect through
the router. If a user dials the number by force, the router will
disconnect it automatically. The figure that you can type in
this field is limited one to eleven with digits from zero to
nine.
3.10.4 Status
On VoIP call status, you can find codec, connection and other important call status for VoIP
1/2 ports.
Refresh Seconds
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest VoIP
calling information. The information will update immediately
when the Refresh button is clicked.
Port
It shows current connection status for the port of VoIP1,
VoIP2, ISDN1 and ISDN2. The ISDN1/2 appears only when
the router is equipped with ISDN interface. ISDN1 means B1
channel for the physical ISDN port; ISDN2 means B2 channel
for the physical ISDN port. Be aware that ISDN1/2 port is
available for the users living in Europe and using Vigor
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141
2910VGi only. For other V models, only the status for VoIP1
and VoIP2 will be shown in this page.
Status
It shows the VoIP connection status.
IDLE - Indicates that the VoIP function is idle.
HANG_UP - Indicates that the connection is not established
(busy tone).
CONNECTING - Indicates that the user is calling out.
WAIT_ANS - Indicates that a connection is launched and
waiting for remote user’s answer.
ALERTING - Indicates that a call is coming.
ACTIVE-Indicates that the VoIP connection is launched.
Codec
Indicates the voice codec employed by present channel.
PeerID
The present in-call or out-call peer ID (the format may be IP
or Domain).
Connect Time
The format is represented as seconds.
Tx Pkts
Total number of transmitted voice packets during this
connection session.
Rx Pkts
Total number of received voice packets during this connection
session.
Rx Losts
Total number of lost packets during this connection session.
Rx Jitter
The jitter of received voice packets.
In Calls
The accumulating in-call times.
Out Calls
The accumulating out-call times.
Speaker Gain
The volume of present call.
Log
Display logs of VoIP calls.
3.11 ISDN
ISDN means integrated services digital network that is an international communications
standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital telephone lines or normal telephone
wires.
Below shows the menu items of ISDN for i models.
3.11.1 General Setup
This page provides some basic ISDN settings such as enabling the ISDN port or not, MSN
numbers and blocked MSN numbers, etc.
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ISDN Port
Click Enable to open the ISDN port and Disable to close
it.
Country Code
For proper operation on your local ISDN network, you
should choose the correct country code.
Own Number
Enter your ISDN number. Every outgoing call will carry
the number to the receiver.
Blocked MSN Numbers for the Enter the specified MSN number into the fields to
prevent the router from dialing the specific MSN
router
number.
MSN Numbers for the Router
MSN Numbers mean that the router is able to accept
only number-matched incoming calls. In addition, MSN
services should be supported by local ISDN network
provider. The router provides three fields for MSN
numbers. Note that MSN services must be acquired from
your local telecommunication operators. By default,
MSN function is disabled. If you leave the fields blank,
all incoming calls will be accepted without number
matching.
Mapping to VoIP Ports
Check to specify ringing from FXS1 and/or FXS2 when
the router accepts the incoming calls by identifying MSN
number(s). If you do not specify any port in this field, the
ISDN loop through ring port will be determined by the
configuration in ISDN port in VoIP>>Phone Settings.
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143
3.11.2 Dialing to a Single ISP
If you access the Internet via a single ISP, press this link.
ISP Name
Enter your ISP name.
Dial Number
Enter the ISDN access number provided by your ISP.
Username
Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password
Enter the password provided by your ISP.
Require ISP Callback If your ISP supports the callback function, check this box to
activate the Callback Control Protocol during the PPP negotiation.
(CBCP)
144
Scheduler (1-15)
Enter the index of schedule profiles to control the Internet access
according to the preconfigured schedules.
Link Type
There are four link types: Link Disable, Dialup 64 Kbps, Dialup
128 Kbps, and Dialup BOD.
Link Disable - Disable the ISDN dial-out function.
Dialup 64Kbps - Use one ISDN B channel for Internet access.
Dialup 128Kbps - Use both ISDN B channels for Internet access.
Dialup BOD - BOD stands for bandwidth-on-demand. The router
will use only one B channel in low traffic situations. Once the
single B channel bandwidth is fully used, the other B channel will
be activated automatically through the dialup. For more detailed
BOD parameter settings, please refer to the Advanced Setup field
> Call Control and PPP/MP Setup.
PPP Authentication
PAP Only - Configure the PPP session to use the PAP protocol to
negotiate the username and password with the ISP.
PAP or CHAP - Configure the PPP session to use the PAP or
CHAP protocols to negotiate the username and password with the
ISP.
Idle Timeout
Idle timeout means the router will be disconnect after being idle for
a preset amount of time. The default is 180 seconds. If you set the
time to 0, the ISDN connection to the ISP will always remain on.
Fixed IP
In most environments, you should not change these settings as
most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router when it
connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP address, check
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Yes to invoke this function and enter the IP address in the field of
Fixed IP Address.
Fixed IP Address
Type the IP address.
3.11.3 Dialing to Dual ISPs
If you have more than one ISP, press this link to configure two ISP dialup profiles. You will
be able to dial to both ISPs at the same time. This is mainly for those ISPs that do not
support Multiple-Link PPP (ML-PPP) function. In such cases, dialing to two ISPs can
increase the bandwidth utilization of the ISDN channels to 128kbps data speed.
Most configuration parameters are the same as those of the previous part. This screen
provides a checkbox to enable the Dual ISPs function and adds the secondary ISP Setup
section field. Check the corresponding box and enter the second ISP information. About the
details please refer to the descriptions of the previous part.
3.11.4 Virtual TA
Virtual TA means the local hosts or PCs in the network that uses popular CAPI-based
software such as RVS-COM or BVRP to access the router as a local ISDN TA for sending or
receiving FAX messages over the ISDN line. Basically, it is a client/server network model.
The built-in Virtual TA server handles the establishment and release of connections. The
Virtual TA client, which is installed on the local hosts or PCs, creates a CAPI-based driver to
relay all CAPI messages between the applications and the router CAPI module. Before
describing the configuration of Virtual TA in the Vigor routers, please notice the following
limitations.
z
The Virtual TA client only supports MicrosoftTM Windows 98/SE/2000/XP platforms.
z
The Virtual TA client only supports the CAPI 2.0 protocol and has no built-in FAX
engine.
z
One ISDN BRI interface has two B channels. The maximum number of active clients is
also two.
z
Before you configure the Virtual TA, you must set the correct country code.
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145
As depicted in the above application scenario, the Virtual TA client can make an outgoing
call or accept an incoming call to/from a peer FAX machine or ISDN TA, etc.
Before describing the configuration of Virtual TA in the Vigor routers, please heed the
following limitations.
146
z
The Virtual TA client only supports MicrosoftTM Windows 98/SE/2000/XP platforms.
z
The Virtual TA client only supports the CAPI 2.0 protocol and has no built-in FAX
engine.
z
One ISDN BRI interface has two B channels. The maximum number of active clients is
also 2.
z
Before you configure the Virtual TA, you must set the correct country code in ISDN
Setup.
Virtual TA Server
Enable: Select it to activate the server.
Disable: Select it to deactivate the server. All Virtual TA
applications will be terminated.
Virtual TA User Profiles
Username - Enter the username of a specific client.
Password - Enter the password of a specific client.
MSN 1/2/3 - MSN stands for Multiple Subscriber Number. It
means you can apply to more than one ISDN lines number over
a single subscribed line. Note that the service must be acquired
from your telecom. Specify the MSN numbers for a specific
client. If you have no MSN services, leave this field blank.
Active - Check it to enable the client to access the server.
Vigor2910 Series User’s Guide
Install a Virtual TA Client
1.
Insert the CD-ROM bundled with your Vigor router. Find VTA Client tool in the
Utility menu and click on the Install button.
2.
Follow the on-screen instructions of the installer. The last step will ask you to restart
your computer. Click OK to restart your computer.
3.
After the computer restarts, you will see a VT icon in the taskbar (usually in the
bottom-right of the screen, near the clock) as shown below.
When the icon text is GREEN, the Virtual TA client is connected to the Virtual TA server and
you can launch your CAPI-based software to use the client to access the router. If the icon
text is RED, it means the client has lost the connection to the server. This time, please check
the physical Ethernet connection.
Configure a Virtual TA Client/ Server
Since the Virtual TA application is a client/server network model, you must configure it on
both ends to run properly your Virtual TA application.
By default, the Virtual TA server is enabled and the Username/Password fields are left blank.
Any Virtual TA client may login to the server. Once a single Username/Password field has
been filled in, the Virtual TA server will only allow clients with a valid Username/Password
to login. The screen of Virtual TA configuration is presented below.
User Profile
Note that creating a single user access account will limit the access to the Virtual TA server
to only the specified account holders.
Assume you did not acquire any MSN service from your ISDN network provider.
On the server - Click Virtual TA (Remote CAPI) Setup link, and fill in the Username and
Password fields. Check the Active box to enable the account.
On the client - Right-click the mouse on the VT icon. The following pop-up menu will be
shown.
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147
Click the Virtual TA Login tab to launch the login box.
Enter the Username/Password and then click OK. After a short time, the VT icon text will
turn green.
MSN Configuration
If you have applied to an MSN number service, the Virtual TA server can assign which client
has the specified MSN number. When an incoming call arrives, the server will inform the
appropriate client. Now we set an example to describe the configuration of the MSN number.
Suppose that you could assign the MSN number 123 to the client “alan”.
Type the specified MSN number in the CAPI-based software. When the Virtual TA server
sends an alert signal to the specified Virtual TA client, the CAPI-based software will also
receive the action, the software will not accept the incoming call.
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3.11.5 Call Control
Some applications require that the router (only for the ISDN models) be remotely activated,
or be able to dial up to the ISP via the ISDN interface. Vigor routers provide this feature by
allowing user to make a phone call to the router and then ask it to dial up to the ISP.
Accordingly, a teleworker can access the remote network to retrieve resources. Of course, a
fixed IP address is required for WAN connection and some internal network resource has to
be exposed for remote users, such as FTP, WWW.Please set Dialing to a Single ISP first
before configuring this web page.
Dial Retry
It specifies the dial retry counts per triggered packet. A
triggered packet is the packet whose destination is outside the
local network. The default setting is no dial retry. If set to 5,
for each triggered packet, the router will dial 5 times until it is
connected to the ISP or remote access router.
Dial Delay Interval
It specifies the interval between dialup retries. By default, the
interval is 0 second.
Remote Activation
It specifies a phone number in the Remote Activation field to
enable the remote activation function. If the router accepts a
call from the number 12345678, it will terminate the incoming
call immediately and dial to the ISP.
Link Type
Because ISDN has two B channels (64Kbps/per channel), you
can specify whether you would like to have single B channel,
two B channels or BOD (Bandwidth on Demand). Four
options are available: Link Disable, Dialup 64Kbps, Dialup
128Kbps, Dialup BOD.
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PPP Authentication
It specifies the PPP authentication method for PPP/MP
connections. Normally you can set it to PAP/CHAP for better
compatibility.
TCP Header Compression
VJ Compression - It is used for TCP/IP protocol header
compression. Normally it is set to None to improve bandwidth
utilization.
Idle Timeout
Because our ISDN link type is “Dial On Demand”, the
connection will be initiated only when needed.
High Water Mark and
High Water Time
BOD stands for bandwidth-on-demand for Multiple-Link
PPP (ML-PPP or MP). High Water Mark/ High Water
Time/ Low Water Mark/Low Water Time parameters are
applied when you set the Link Type to Dialup BOD. The
ISDN usually uses one B channel to access the Internet or
remote network when you choose the Dialup BOD link type.
The router will use the parameters here to decide on when
you activate/drop the additional B channel. Note that cps
(characters-per-second) measures the total link utilization.
These parameters specify the situation in which the second
channel will be activated. With the first connected channel, if
its utilization exceeds the High Water Mark and such a
channel is being used over the High Water Time, the
additional channel will be activated. Thus, the total link
speed will be 128kbps (two B channels).
Low Water Mark and Low These parameters specify the situation in which the second
channel will be dropped. In terms of the two B channels, if
Water Time
their utilization is under the Low Water Mark and these two
channels are being used over the High Water Time, the
additional channel will be dropped. As a result, the total link
speed will be 64kbps (one B channel).
Note: If you are not sure whether your ISP can support BOD and/or ML-PPP’s
features, please seek assistance from your ISP, local dealers or our website:
support@draytek.com.
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3.12 Wireless LAN
This function is used for G models only.
3.12.1 Basic Concepts
Over recent years, the market for wireless communications has enjoyed tremendous growth.
Wireless technology now reaches or is capable of reaching virtually every location on the
surface of the earth. Hundreds of millions of people exchange information every day via
wireless communication products. The Vigor G model, a.k.a. Vigor wireless router, is
designed for maximum flexibility and efficiency of a small office/home. Any authorized
staff can bring a built-in WLAN client PDA or notebook into a meeting room for conference
without laying a clot of LAN cable or drilling holes everywhere. Wireless LAN enables high
mobility so WLAN users can simultaneously access all LAN facilities just like on a wired
LAN as well as Internet access.
The Vigor wireless routers are equipped with a wireless LAN interface compliant with the
standard IEEE 802.11g protocol. To boost its performance further, the Vigor Router is also
loaded with advanced wireless technology Super G TM to lift up data rate up to 108 Mbps*.
Hence, you can finally smoothly enjoy stream music and video.
Note: * The actual data throughput will vary according to the network conditions
and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, network
overhead and building materials.
In an Infrastructure Mode of wireless network, Vigor wireless router plays a role as an
Access Point (AP) connecting to lots of wireless clients or Stations (STA). All the STAs will
share the same Internet connection via Vigor wireless router. The General Settings will set
up the information of this wireless network, including its SSID as identification, located
channel etc.
Security Overview
Real-time Hardware Encryption: Vigor Router is equipped with a hardware AES
encryption engine so it can apply the highest protection to your data without influencing user
experience.
Complete Security Standard Selection: To ensure the security and privacy of your wireless
communication, we provide several prevailing standards on market.
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151
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a legacy method to encrypt each frame transmitted via
radio using either a 64-bit or 128-bit key. Usually access point will preset a set of four keys
and it will communicate with each station using only one out of the four keys.
WPA(Wi-Fi Protected Access), the most dominating security mechanism in industry, is
separated into two categories: WPA-personal or called WPA Pre-Share Key (WPA/PSK),
and WPA-Enterprise or called WPA/802.1x.
In WPA-Personal, a pre-defined key is used for encryption during data transmission. WPA
applies Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption while WPA2 applies
AES. The WPA-Enterprise combines not only encryption but also authentication.
Since WEP has been proved vulnerable, you may consider using WPA for the most secure
connection. You should select the appropriate security mechanism according to your needs.
No matter which security suite you select, they all will enhance the over-the-air data
protection and /or privacy on your wireless network. The Vigor wireless router is very
flexible and can support multiple secure connections with both WEP and WPA at the same
time.
Example 1
Example 2
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Example 3
Separate the Wireless and the Wired LAN- WLAN Isolation enables you to isolate your
wireless LAN from wired LAN for either quarantine or limit access reasons. To isolate
means neither of the parties can access each other. To elaborate an example for business use,
you may set up a wireless LAN for visitors only so they can connect to Internet without
hassle of the confidential information leakage. For a more flexible deployment, you may add
filters of MAC addresses to isolate users’ access from wired LAN.
Manage Wireless Stations - Station List will display all the station in your wireless
network and the status of their connection.
Below shows the menu items for Wireless LAN.
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3.12.2 General Settings
By clicking the General Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure
the SSID and the wireless channel. Please refer to the following figure for more information.
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Enable Wireless LAN
Check the box to enable wireless function.
Mode
Select an appropriate wireless mode.
Mixed (11b+11g+SuperG) - The radio can support
IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g and SuperG protocols
simultaneously.
Mixed (11b+11g) - The radio can support both
IEEE802.11b and IEEE802.11g protocols simultaneously.
SuperG - The radio only supports SuperG.
11g only - The radio only supports IEEE802.11g.
11b only - The radio only supports IEEE802.11b.
Index(1-15)
Set the wireless LAN to work at certain time interval
only. You may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15
schedules pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule
setup. The default setting of this filed is blank and the
function will always work.
SSID
The default SSID is "default". We suggest you change it
to a particular name. It is the identification of the wireless
LAN. SSID can be any text numbers or various special
characters.
Channel
The channel of frequency of the wireless LAN. The
default channel is 6. You may switch channel if the
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selected channel is under serious interference.
Hide SSID
Check it to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your
wireless LAN. Depending on the wireless utility, the user
may only see the information except SSID or just cannot
see any thing about Vigor wireless router while site
surveying.
Long Preamble
This option is to define the length of the sync field in an
802.11 packet. Most modern wireless network uses short
preamble with 56 bit sync filed instead of long preamble
with 128 bit sync field. However, some original 11b
wireless network devices only support long preamble.
Check it to use Long Preamble if needed to
communicate with this kind of devices.
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3.12.3 Security
By clicking the Security Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure
the settings of WEP and WPA.
Mode
There are several modes provided for you to choose.
Disable - Turn off the encryption mechanism.
WEP Only - Accepts only WEP clients and the
encryption key should be entered in WEP Key.
WEP/802.1x Only - Accept WEP clients with 802.1x
authentication. Since the key will be auto-negotiated
during authentication, the field of key setting below will
be not available for input.
WEP or WPA/PSK - Accepts WEP and WPA clients
with legal key accordingly. Only Mixed (WPA+WPA2)
is applicable if you select WPA/PSK.
WEP/802.1x or WPA/802.1x - Accept WEP or WPA
clients with 802.1x authentication. Only
Mixed(WPA+WPA2) is applicable if you select
WPA/PSK. Since the key will be auto-negotiated during
authentication, the field of key setting below will be not
available for input.
WPA/PSK Only - Accepts WPA clients and the
encryption key should be entered in PSK. Remember to
select WPA type to define either Mixed or WPA2 only in
the field below.
WPA/802.1x Only - Accept WPA clients with 802.1x
authentication. Remember to select WPA type to define
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either Mixed or WPA2 only in the field below. Since the
key will be auto-negotiated during authentication, the
field of key setting below will be not available for input.
WPA
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio
using the key, which either PSK entered manually in this
field below or automatically negotiated via 802.1x
authentication.
Type - Select from Mixed (WPA+WPA2) or WPA2 only.
Pre-Shared Key (PSK) - Either 8~63 ASCII characters,
such as 012345678..(or 64 Hexadecimal digits leading by
0x, such as "0x321253abcde...").
WEP
64-Bit - For 64 bits WEP key, either 5 ASCII characters,
such as 12345 (or 10 hexadecimal digitals leading by 0x,
such as 0x4142434445.)
128-Bit - For 128 bits WEP key, either 13 ASCII
characters, such as ABCDEFGHIJKLM (or 26
hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as
0x4142434445464748494A4B4C4D).
All wireless devices must support the same WEP
encryption bit size and have the same key. Four keys can
be entered here, but only one key can be selected at a
time. The keys can be entered in ASCII or Hexadecimal.
Check the key you wish to use.
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3.12.4 Access Control
For additional security of wireless access, the Access Control facility allows you to restrict
the network access right by controlling the wireless LAN MAC address of client. Only the
valid MAC address that has been configured can access the wireless LAN interface. By
clicking the Access Control, a new web page will appear, as depicted below, so that you
could edit the clients' MAC addresses to control their access rights.
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Enable Access Control
Select to enable the MAC Address access control feature.
Policy
Select to enable any one of the following policy. Choose
Activate MAC address filter to type in the MAC
addresses for other clients in the network manually.
Choose Isolate WLAN from LAN will separate all the
WLAN stations from LAN based on the MAC Address
list.
MAC Address Filter
Display all MAC addresses that are edited before. Four
buttons (Add, Remove,
Client’s MAC Address - Manually enter the MAC
address of wireless client.
Attribute
s - select to isolate the wireless connection of the wireless
client of the MAC address from LAN.
Add
Add a new MAC address into the list.
Delete
Delete the selected MAC address in the list.
Edit
Edit the selected MAC address in the list.
Cancel
Give up the access control set up.
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OK
Click it to save the access control list.
Clear All
Clean all entries in the MAC address list.
3.12.5 WDS
WDS means Wireless Distribution System. It is a protocol for connecting two access points
(AP) wirelessly. Usually, it can be used for the following application:
y
y
Provide bridge traffic between two LANs through the air.
Extend the coverage range of a WLAN.
To meet the above requirement, two WDS modes are implemented in Vigor router. One is
Bridge, the other is Repeater. Below shows the function of WDS-bridge interface:
The application for the WDS-Repeater mode is depicted as below:
The major difference between these two modes is that: while in Repeater mode, the packets
received from one peer AP can be repeated to another peer AP through WDS links. Yet in
Bridge mode, packets received from a WDS link will only be forwarded to local wired or
wireless hosts. In other words, only Repeater mode can do WDS-to-WDS packet forwarding.
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In the following examples, hosts connected to Bridge 1 or 3 can communicate with hosts
connected to Bridge 2 through WDS links. However, hosts connected to Bridge 1 CANNOT
communicate with hosts connected to Bridge 3 through Bridge 2.
Click WDS from Wireless LAN menu. The following page will be shown.
Mode
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Choose the mode for WDS setting. Disable mode will not
invoke any WDS setting. Bridge mode is designed to fulfill
the first type of application. Repeater mode is for the second
one.
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Security
There are three types for security, Disable, WEP and
Pre-shared key. The setting you choose here will make the
following WEP or Pre-shared key field valid or not. Choose
one of the types for the router.
WEP
Check this box to use the same key set in Security Settings
page. If you did not set any key in Security Settings page,
this check box will be dimmed.
Settings
Encryption Mode - If you checked the box of Use the same
WEP key …, you do not need to choose 64-bit or 128-bit as
the Encryption Mode. If you do not check that box, you can
set the WEP key now in this page.
Key Index - Choose the key that you want to use after
selecting the proper encryption mode.
Key - Type the content for the key.
Pre-shared Key
Type 8 ~ 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits
leading by “0x”.
Bridge
If you choose Bridge as the connecting mode, please type in
the peer MAC address in these fields. Six peer MAC
addresses are allowed to be entered in this page at one time.
Yet please disable the unused link to get better performance.
If you want to invoke the peer MAC address, remember to
check Enable box in the front of the MAC address after
typing.
Repeater
If you choose Repeater as the connecting mode, please type in
the peer MAC address in these fields. Two peer MAC
addresses are allowed to be entered in this page at one time.
Similarly, if you want to invoke the peer MAC address,
remember to check Enable box in the front of the MAC
address after typing.
Access Point Function
Click Enable to make this router serving as an access point;
click Disable to cancel this function.
Status
It allows user to send “hello” message to peers. Yet, it is valid
only when the peer also supports this function.
3.12.6 AP Discovery
Vigor router can scan all regulatory channels and find working APs in the neighborhood.
Based on the scanning result, users will know which channel is clean for usage. Also, it can
be used to facilitate finding an AP for a WDS link. Notice that during the scanning process
(about 5 seconds), no client is allowed to connect to Vigor.
This page is used to scan the existence of the APs on the wireless LAN. Yet, only the AP
which is in the same channel of this router can be found. Please click Scan to discover all the
connected APs.
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If you want the found AP applying the WDS settings, please type in the AP’s MAC address
on the bottom of the page and click Add. Later, the MAC address of the AP will be added to
the page of WDS setting.
3.12.7 Station List
Station List provides the knowledge of connecting wireless clients now along with its status
code. There is a code summary below for explanation. For convenient Access Control, you
can select a WLAN station and click Add to Access Control below.
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Refresh
Click this button to refresh the status of station list.
Add
Click this button to add current selected MAC address
into Access Control.
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3.12.8 Station Rate Control
This page allows you to control the upload and download rate of each wireless client
(station). Please check the box of Enable to invoke this setting. The range for the rate is
between 100 ~ 30,000 kbps.
3.13 VLAN
Virtual LAN function provides you a very convenient way to manage hosts by grouping
them based on the physical port.
3.13.1 Wired VLAN
PCs connected to Ethernet ports of the router can be divided into different groups and
formed VLAN. PCs under the same groups can share each other information through the
router and will not be peeked by other groups.
The VLAN >> Wired VALN allows you to configure VLAN settings through wired
connection to achieve the above intention. Simply check P1 and P2 boxes on the line of
VLAN0; and check P3 and P4 boxes on the line of VLAN1.
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Enable
Check this box to enable this function (for VLAN
Configuration).
P1 – P4
Check the box to make the computer connecting to the port
being grouped in specified VLAN. Be aware that each port
can be grouped in different VLAN at the same time only if
you check the box. For example, if you check the boxes of
VLAN0-P1 and VLAN1-P1, you can make P1 to be grouped
under VLAN0 and VLAN1 simultaneously.
VLAN0-3
This router allows you to set 4 groups of virtual LAN.
Note: If WAN2 interface has been enabled, the P1 boxes will serve as WAN
interface and cannot be checked as shown in the following diagram.
3.13.2 Wireless VLAN
PCs (equipped with wireless network cards) connected to the router through wireless
interface can be divided into different groups and formed W_VLAN. PCs under the same
groups can share each other information through the router and will not be peeked by other
groups.
PCs under the same groups can use same Login ID and password to access into Internet. For
example, see the following graphic. Both A and B use the same login ID (City) and
password (1234). Therefore, they are grouped in the same W_VLAN.
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The VLAN >> Wireless VALN allows you to configure Wireless VLAN settings through
wireless connection to achieve the above intention. Simply type Login ID and password with
City and 1234 in the boxes of W_VLAN0. And type Login ID and password with Home and
7890 in the boxes of W_VLAN1. Users can configure fifteen groups of wireless VLAN in
this page.
Enable
Check this box to invoke wireless VLAN function.
Login ID
Type Login ID for different groups of W_VLAN with 1 to 11
characters.
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Password
Type password for different groups of W_VLAN with 1 to 11
characters.
Details
Click this button to set additional attributes settings for
W_VLAN.
Activated Date – Use the drop down lists to set the activated
date for the wireless VLAN. The wireless VLAN function will
be available when the time is arrival.
Expired Date – Use the drop down lists to set the expired
date for the wireless VALN. This function will be invalid
when the time is arrival.
Connect all WDS links with this VALN group – Check this
box to activate this connection.
Isolate each member in this VLAN group – Check this box
to isolate all the members in this VLAN group and not allow
the information sharing among them.
Disable broadcast and
multicast traffic
Check this box to prevent broadcast and multicast traffic
forwarding to all W_VLAN.
How can you (wireless client) access into Internet?
After finishing the configuration of wireless VLAN, the wireless clients connecting to this
router must do the following steps to access into Internet.
1. Open a browser and type http://www.draytek.vlan/login.htm or http://(vigor router’s IP
address)/login.htm on the address line.
2. The following screen will appear.
3. Type in Login ID and Password that was configured in Wireless VLAN Setup page. In
this case, we choose the configuration set in first group of W_VLAN (City and 1234).
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4. When the accessing is successful, the following screen will appear.
Note: The floating window with connection time will be shown on the screen
till you logout.
5. You can go to Diagnostics>>Wireless VLAN Online Station for viewing the
connection status whenever you want.
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3.13.3 VLAN Cross Setup
This function allows the router to integrate VLAN and W_VLAN for managing different
computers (notebooks). See the following picture for an example. With VLAN Cross Setup,
notebook A/B and PCs on VLAN0 can share resources without difficulty.
The VLAN >> VALN Cross Setup allows you to set a communication bridge between
computers in Wireless VLAN and wired VLAN. To achieve the intention of the above
illustration, simply check the box under VLAN0 on the line of W_VLAN0.
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Enable
Check this box to invoke VLAN Cross Setup function.
VLAN0-3
It represents the groups of virtual LAN connected by Ethernet
interface.
W_VLAN0-15
It represents the groups of wireless VLAN communicated by
wireless interface.
3.13.4 Wireless Rate Control
Rate Control manages the transmission rate of data in and out through the router. You can
also manage the in/out rate of each wireless VLAN. Go to VLAN menu and select Wireless
Rate Control. The following page will appear. Click Enable to invoke VLAN function.
For the rate control of wireless connection, please open VLAN menu and choose Wireless
Rate Control. The following page will be shown for you to adjust.
Enable
Check this box to enable this function (for Rate Control). The
rate control will limit the transmission rate for upload and
download.
Upload Rate
It decides the rate of data transmission for output. The default
setting is 300. The range must be between 100 kbps to
20,000kbps. Adjust the values according to your necessity.
Download Rate
It decides the rate of data transmission for input. The default
setting is 300. The range must be between 100 kbps to
20,000kbps. Adjust the values according to your necessity.
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3.14 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, Administrator Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog, Time setup, Reboot System,
Firmware Upgrade.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
3.14.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and
WAN interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or
firmware related information from this presentation.
Model Name
Display the model name of the router.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the router.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
1st IP Address
Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
st
1 Subnet Mask
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Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
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DHCP Server
Display the current status of DHCP server of the LAN
interface.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Display the assigned IP address of the default gateway.
DNS
Display the assigned IP address of the primary DNS.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the wireless LAN.
Frequency Domain
It can be Europe (13 usable channels), USA (11 usable
channels) etc. The available channels supported by the
wireless products in different countries are various.
Firmware Version
It indicates information about equipped WLAN miniPCi
card. This also helps to provide availability of some
features that are bound with some WLAN miniPCi card.
3.14.2 TR-069 Setting
Vigor router with TR-069 is available for matching with VigorACS server. Such page
provides VigorACS and CPE settings under TR-069 protocol. All the settings configured
here is for CPE to be controlled and managed with VigorACS server. Users need to type
URL, username and password for the VigorACS server that such device will be connected.
However URL, username and password under CPE client are fixed that users cannot change
it. The default CPE username and password are "vigor" and "password". You will
need it when you configure VigorACS server.
URL
Type the URL for VigorACS server.
If the connected CPE needs to be authenticated, please
set URL as the following and type username and
password for VigorACS server:
http://{IP address of
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VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/ACSServlet
If the connected CPE does not need to be authenticated
please set URL as the following:
http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/UnAuthACSServ
let
Username/Password
Type username and password for ACS Server for
authentication. For example, if you want to use such CPE
with VigorACS, you can type as the following:
Username: acs
Password: password
Periodic Inform Settings
Disable – The system will not send inform message to
ACS server.
Enable – The system will send inform message to ACS
server periodically (with the time set in the box of
interval time).
3.14.3 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password.
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is blank.
New Password
Type in new password in this filed.
Confirm New Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the web configurator again.
3.14.4 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
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Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will
be popped-up, as shown below.
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2.
Click Backup button to get into the following dialog. Click Save button to open
another dialog for saving configuration as a file.
3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name
by yourself.
4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Note: Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration
Backup does not include information of Certificate.
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Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will
be popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the
router.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
3.14.5 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get
into the Web Configurator of the router or borrow debug equipments.
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Enable
Click “Enable” to activate this function.
Router Name
Assign a name for the router.
Server IP
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port
Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
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Enable syslog message
Check the box listed on this web page to send the
corresponding message of firewall, VPN, User Access,
Call, WAN, Router/DSL information to Syslog.
SMTP Server
The IP address of the SMTP server.
Mail To
Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Return-Path
Assign a path for receiving the mail from outside.
Authentication
Check this box to activate this function while using
e-mail application.
User Name
Type the user name for authentication.
Password
Type the password for authentication.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Router Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on
the Router Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the router you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the router.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the router.
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3.14.6 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Use Browser Time
Select this option to use the browser time from the
remote administrator PC host as router’s system time.
Use Internet Time
Select to inquire time information from Time Server on
the Internet using assigned protocol.
Time Protocol
Select a time protocol.
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of the time server.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Enable Daylight Saving
Such function is useful for some area.
Automatically Update Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.14.7 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for access control, access list, port setup, and
SNMP setup. For example, as to management access control, the port number is used to
send/receive SIP message for building a session. The default value is 5060 and this must
match with the peer Registrar when making VoIP calls.
Allow management from the
Internet
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the
router from Internet. Check the box(es) to specify.
Disable PING from the Internet Check the checkbox to reject all PING packets from the
Internet. For security issue, this function is enabled by default.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list.
A maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
router.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login
to the router.
User Defined Ports
Check to specify user-defined port numbers for the
Telnet and HTTP servers.
Default Ports
Check to use standard port numbers for the Telnet and
HTTP servers.
Enable SNMP Agent
Check it to enable this function.
Get Community
Set the name for getting community by typing a proper
character. The default setting is public.
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Set Community
Set community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is private.
Manager Host IP
Set one host as the manager to execute SNMP function.
Please type in IP address to specify certain host.
Trap Community
Set trap community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is public.
Notification Host IP
Set the IP address of the host that will receive the trap
community.
Trap Timeout
The default setting is 10 seconds.
3.14.8 Reboot System
The Web Configurator may be used to restart your router. Click Reboot System from
System Maintenance to open the following page.
If you want to reboot the router using the current configuration, check Using current
configuration and click OK. To reset the router settings to default values, check Using
factory default configuration and click OK. The router will take 5 seconds to reboot the
system.
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3.14.9 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you to upgrade
firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows OS
(Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site
is www.draytek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.draytek.com.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click OK. The following screen will appear. Please execute the firmware upgrade utility
first.
For the detailed information about firmware update, please go to Chapter 4.
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3.15 Diagnostics
Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor router.
Below shows the menu items for Diagnostics.
3.15.1 Dial-out Trigger
Click Diagnostics and click Dial-out Trigger to open the web page. The internet connection
(e.g., ISDN, PPPoE, PPPoA, etc) is triggered by a package sending from the source IP
address.
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Decoded Format
It shows the source IP address (local), destination IP
(remote) address, the protocol and length of the package.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.15.2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.3 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the router. The table shows a mapping between an
Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Clear
Click it to clear the whole table.
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3.15.4 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Index
It displays the connection item number.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this router for
specified PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that
DHCP assigned IP address for it.
Leased Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
HOST ID
It displays the host ID name of the specified PC.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.5 NAT Sessions Table
Click Diagnostics and click NAT Sessions Table to open the setup page.
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Private IP:Port
It indicates the source IP address and port of local PC.
#Pseudo Port
It indicates the temporary port of the router used for NAT.
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Peer IP:Port
It indicates the destination IP address and port of remote host.
Interface
It indicates the interface of the WAN connection.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.6 Wireless VLAN Online Station Table
Click Diagnostics and click Wireless VLAN Online Station Table to open the web page. It
will display the IP address, MAC address and Login ID information for all the Wireless
VLAN stations.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the wireless station.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the wireless station.
Login ID
Display the login ID that the wireless station belongs to.
3.15.7 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure for the IP address monitored and refreshes the data
in an interval of several seconds. The IP address listed here is configured in Bandwidth
Management. You have to enable IP bandwidth limit and IP session limit before invoke Data
Flow Monitor. If not, a notification dialog box will appear to remind you enabling it.
Click Diagnostics and click Data Flow Monitor to open the web page. You can click IP
Address, TX rate, RX rate or Session link for arranging the data display.
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Enable Data Flow
Monitor
Refresh Seconds
Check this box to enable this function.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Index
Display the number of the data flow.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
RX rate (kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit Session
web page.
Action
Block - can prevent specified PC accessing into Internet within 5
minutes.
Use the drop down list to choose the time interval of refreshing
data flow that will be done by the system automatically.
Unblock – the device with the IP address will be blocked in five
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minutes. The remaining time will be shown on the session column.
3.13.8 Traffic Graph
Click Diagnostics and click Traffic Graph to pen the web page. Choose WAN1
Bandwidth/WAN2 Bandwidth or Sessions for viewing different traffic graph. Click Refresh
to renew the graph at any time.
The horizontal axis represents time. Yet the vertical axis has different meanings. For
WAN1/WAN2 Bandwidth chart, the numbers displayed on vertical axis represent the
numbers of the transmitted and received packets in the past.
For Sessions chart, the numbers displayed on vertical axis represent the numbers of the NAT
sessions during the past.
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3.15.9 Ping Diagnosis
Click Diagnostics and click Ping Diagnosis to pen the web page.
Ping through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that you
want to ping through or choose Unspecified to be determined
by the router automatically.
Ping to
Use the drop down list to choose the destination that you
would like to ping.
IP Address
Type in the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Run
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be
displayed on the screen.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
3.15.10 Trace Route
Click Diagnostics and click Trace Route to open the web page. This page allows you to
trace the routes from router to the host. Simply type the IP address of the host in the box and
click Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
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Ping through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that you want
to ping through or choose Unspecified to be determined by the
router automatically.
Host/IP Address
It indicates the IP address of the host.
Run
Click this button to start route tracing work.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
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This page is left blank.
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4
Application and Examples
4.1 Create a LAN-to-LAN Connection Between Remote Office
and Headquarter
The most common case is that you may want to connect to network securely, such as the
remote branch office and headquarter. According to the network structure as shown in the
below illustration, you may follow the steps to create a LAN-to-LAN profile. These two
networks (LANs) should NOT have the same network address.
Settings in Router A in headquarter:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then,
For using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general settings in
PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
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set general settings in IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
parties have known.
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3.
Go to LAN-to-LAN. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Common Settings as shown below. You should enable both of VPN connections
because any one of the parties may start the VPN connection.
5.
Set Dial-Out Settings as shown below to dial to connect to Router B aggressively with
the selected Dial-Out method.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-Out
connection.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, PPP Authentication and VJ Compression for this
Dial-Out connection.
6.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow Router B dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
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7.
At last, set the remote network IP/subnet in TCP/IP Network Settings so that Router
A can direct the packets destined to the remote network to Router B via the VPN
connection.
Settings in Router B in the remote office:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then, for using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general
settings in PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
set general settings in IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
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parties have known.
3.
Go to LAN-to-LAN. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Common Settings as shown below. You should enable both of VPN connections
because any one of the parties may start the VPN connection.
5.
Set Dial-Out Settings as shown below to dial to connect to Router B aggressively with
the selected Dial-Out method.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-Out
connection.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
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Address, Username, Password, PPP Authentication and VJ Compression for this
Dial-Out connection.
6.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow Router A dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
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7.
At last, set the remote network IP/subnet in TCP/IP Network Settings so that Router
B can direct the packets destined to the remote network to Router A via the VPN
connection.
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4.2 Create a Remote Dial-in User Connection Between the
Teleworker and Headquarter
The other common case is that you, as a teleworker, may want to connect to the enterprise
network securely. According to the network structure as shown in the below illustration, you
may follow the steps to create a Remote User Profile and install Smart VPN Client on the
remote host.
Settings in VPN Router in the enterprise office:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then, for using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general
settings in PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
set general settings in IKE/IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
parties have known.
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3.
Go to Remote Dial-In Users. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow the remote user dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
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Settings in the remote host:
1.
For Win98/ME, you may use "Dial-up Networking" to create the PPTP tunnel to Vigor
router. For Win2000/XP, please use "Network and Dial-up connections" or “Smart
VPN Client”, complimentary software to help you create PPTP, L2TP, and L2TP over
IPSec tunnel. You can find it in CD-ROM in the package or go to www.draytek.com
download center. Install as instructed.
2.
After successful installation, for the first time user, you should click on the Step 0.
Configure button. Reboot the host.
3.
In Step 2. Connect to VPN Server, click Insert button to add a new entry.
If an IPSec-based service is selected as shown below,
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You may further specify the method you use to get IP, the security method, and
authentication method. If the Pre-Shared Key is selected, it should be consistent with
the one set in VPN router.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote VPN server IP
address, Username, Password, and encryption method. The User Name and Password
should be consistent with the one set up in the VPN router. To use default gateway on
remote network means that all the packets of remote host will be directed to VPN
server then forwarded to Internet. This will make the remote host seem to be working
in the enterprise network.
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4.
Click Connect button to build connection. When the connection is successful, you will
find a green light on the right down corner.
4.3 QoS Setting Example
Assume a teleworker sometimes works at home and takes care of children. When working
time, he would use Vigor router at home to connect to the server in the headquater office
downtown via either HTTPS or VPN to check email and access internal database.
Meanwhile, children may chat on VoIP or Skype in the restroom.
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1.
Make sure the QoS Control on the left corner is checked. And select BOTH in
Direction.
2.
Enter the Name of Index Class 1 by clicking Edit link. In this index, the user will set
reserve bandwidth for Email using protocol POP3 and SMTP.
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3.
Enter the Name of Index Class 2 by clicking Edit link. In this index, the user will set
reserve bandwidth for HTTPS. And click Basic button on the right.
4.
Click Setup link for WAN1. Check Enable UDP Bandwidth Control on the bottom to
prevent enormous UDP traffic of VoIP influent other application.
5.
If the worker has connected to the headquater using host to host VPN tunnel. (Please
refer to Chapter 3 VPN for detail instruction), he may set up an index for it. Enter the
Class Name of Index 3. In this index, he will set reserve bandwidth for 1 VPN tunnel.
6.
Click edit to open a new window. First, check the ACT box. Then click SrcEdit to set a
worker’s subnet address. Click DestEdit to set headquarter’s subnet address. Leave
other fields and click OK.
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4.4 LAN – Created by Using NAT
An example of default setting and the corresponding deployment are shown below. The
default Vigor router private IP address/Subnet Mask is 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0. The
built-in DHCP server is enabled so it assigns every local NATed host an IP address of
192.168.1.x starting from 192.168.1.10.
You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT
usage.
To use another DHCP server in the network rather than the built-in one of Vigor Router, you
have to change the settings as show below.
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You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT
usage.
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4.5 Calling Scenario for VoIP function
4.5.1 Calling via SIP Sever
Example 1: Both John and David have SIP Addresses from different service providers.
John’s SIP URL: 1234@draytel.org, David’s SIP URL: 4321@iptel.org
Settings for John
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: David
SIP URL: 4321@iptel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: draytel1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060 (default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: draytel.org
Act as outbound proxy:
unhecked
Display Name: John
Account Number/Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
John calls David --He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan Phone
Number for David)
Settings for David
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: John
SIP URL:1234@draytel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: iptel 1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: iptel.org
Proxy: iptel.org
Act as outbound proxy:
unchecked
Display Name: David
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
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David calls John
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan Phone
Number for John)
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Example 2: Both John and David have SIP Addresses from the same service provider.
John’s SIP URL: 1234@draytel.org , David’s SIP URL: 4321@draytel.org
Settings for John
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: David
SIP URL: 4321@draytel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: draytel 1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060 (default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: draytel.org
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: John
Account Number/Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
John calls David
He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for David)
Or,
He picks up the phone and dials 4321#. (David’s
Account Name)
Settings for David
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: John
SIP URL:1234@draytel.org
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: John
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: iptel.org
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: David
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
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David calls John
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John) Or,
He picks up the phone and dials 1234# (John’s
Account Name)
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4.5.2 Peer-to-Peer Calling
Example 3: Arnor and Paulin have Vigor routers respectively, they can call each other
without SIP Registrar. First they must have each other’s IP address and assign an Account
Name for the port used for calling.
Arnor’s SIP URL: 1234@214.61.172.53
Paulin’s SIP URL: 4321@ 203.69.175.24
Settings for Arnor
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: paulin
SIP URL: 4321@ 203.69.175.24
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: Paulin
Register via: None
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: (blank)
Proxy: (blank)
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: Arnor
Account Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: (blank)
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
Arnor calls Paulin
He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for Arnor)
Settings for Paulin
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: Arnor
SIP URL: 1234@214.61.172.53
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: Arnor
Register via: None
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: (blank)
Proxy: (blank)
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: Paulin
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: (blank)
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
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Paulin calls Arnor
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John)
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4.6 Upgrade Firmware for Your Router
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools.
1. Insert CD of the router to your CD ROM.
2. From the webpage, please find out Utility menu and click it.
3. On the webpage of Utility, click Install Now! (under Syslog description) to install the
corresponding program.
4. The file RTSxxx.exe will be asked to copy onto your computer. Remember the place of
storing the execution file.
5. Go to www.draytek.com to find out the newly update firmware for your router.
6. Access into Support Center >> Downloads. Find out the model name of the router and
click the firmware link. The Tools of Vigor router will display as shown below.
7. Choose the one that matches with your operating system and click the corresponding
link to download correct firmware (zip file).
8. Next, decompress the zip file.
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9. Double click on the icon of router tool. The setup wizard will appear.
10. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the tool. Finally, click Finish to end the
installation.
11. From the Start menu, open Programs and choose Router Tools XXX >> Firmware
Upgrade Utility.
12. Type in your router IP, usually 192.168.1.1.
13. Click the button to the right side of Firmware file typing box. Locate the files that you
download from the company web sites. You will find out two files with different
extension names, xxxx.all (keep the old custom settings) and xxxx.rst (reset all the
custom settings to default settings). Choose any one of them that you need.
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14. Click Send.
15. Now the firmware update is finished.
4.7 Request a certificate from a CA server on Windows CA
Server
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210
1.
Go to Certificate Management and choose Local Certificate.
2.
You can click GENERATE button to start to edit a certificate request. Enter the
information in the certificate request.
3.
Copy and save the X509 Local Certificate Requet as a text file and save it for later use.
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4.
Connect to CA server via web browser. Follow the instruction to submit the request.
Below we take a Windows 2000 CA server for example. Select Request a Certificate.
Select Advanced request.
Select Submit a certificate request a base64 encoded PKCS #10 file or a renewal
request using a base64 encoded PKCS #7 file
Import the X509 Local Certificate Requet text file. Select Router (Offline request) or
IPSec (Offline request) below.
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Then you have done the request and the server now issues you a certificate. Select Base
64 encoded certificate and Download CA certificate. Now you should get a certificate
(.cer file) and save it.
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5.
Back to Vigor router, go to Local Certificate. Click IMPORT button and browse the
file to import the certificate (.cer file) into Vigor router. When finished, click refresh
and you will find the below window showing “------BEGINE CERTIFICATE------.....”
6.
You may review the detail information of the certificate by clicking View button.
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4.8 Request a CA Certificate and Set as Trusted on Windows
CA Server
1.
Use web browser connecting to the CA server that you would like to retrieve its CA
certificate. Click Retrive the CA certificate or certificate recoring list.
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2.
In Choose file to download, click CA Certificate Current and Base 64 encoded, and
Download CA certificate to save the .cer. file.
3.
Back to Vigor router, go to Trusted CA Certificate. Click IMPORT button and
browse the file to import the certificate (.cer file) into Vigor router. When finished,
click refresh and you will find the below illustration.
4.
You may review the detail information of the certificate by clicking View button.
Note: Before setting certificate configuration, please go to System Maintenance
>> Time and Date to reset current time of the router first.
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4.9 VPN TRUNK Application
You can change, disable or delete VPN TRUNK backup profile(s). Yet, the relational web
pages in LAN-to-LAN also will be changed slightly. Please refer to the following
expaination.
Change the name of VPN TRUNK profile(s)
1. Click any one of the items from Backup profile list.
2. Type a new name in the field of Profile Name.
3. Click Edit.
Disable VPN TRUNK profile(s)
1. Click any one of the items from Backup profile list.
2. Click Disable (as current status).
3. Click Edit.
4. The selected profile will be disabled.
5. To check if the profile has been disabled or not, open LAN-to-LAN. The name with red
color means it has joined VPN TRUNK profile; the name with black color means it does
not join VPN TRUNK profile or is disabled in VPN TRUNK profile.
Delete VPN TRUNK profile(s)
1. Click any one of the items from Backup profile list.
2. Click Delete.
3. Click Edit.
4. The selected profile will be deleted.
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Web Page Changes for VPN TRUNK
Corresponding web page (LAN-to-LAN) will be changed if VPN TRUNK is enabled. Refer
to the following figures.
Dial-in call direction and Idle Timeout will be dimmish and cannot be used.
All the items in Allowed Dial-in Type will be dimmish and cannot be used.
My WAN IP and Remote Gateway IP will be dimmish and cannot be used.
In addition, after configuring VPN TRUNK profile(s), the Connection Management in VPN
and Remote Access will be changed. Before adding a new VPN TRUNK profile, the
webpage will be shown as the following:
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After adding a new VPN TRUNK profile, it will be listed in Backup Mode drop-down list
for you to choose for dialing.
Examples for VPN TRUNK Backup Profile
Here provides two situations that you can take advantages of VPN TRUNK backup profile
mechanism.
Example 1: A VPN TRUNK profile with member 1 (IPSec type) and Member 2(L2TP over
IPSec) has been created for Router A for connecting with Router B. In general, Router A
connects to Router B through Member 1 VPN tunnel (with IPSec type).
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However, if the connection is off-line, Router A will use Member 2 VPN tunnel (with L2TP
over IPSec) instead to connect Router B right away.
Example 2: Subsidiary in Asia can use vigor router as VPN client. Every day it should
transmit ERP, Mail or order information to headquarter in Europe. The Vigor router can
build another backup VPN tunnel to subsidiary in America through LAN-to-LAN, and the
VPN server in the subsidiary in American can build Routing /RIP. When the VPN tunnel is
off-line, the subsidiary in Asia can send the data (that should be transmit to headerquarter in
Europe) to the subsidiary in America, then the subsidiary in America transmit the data to
headerquarter in Europe through VPN server by using VPN tunnel backup connection.
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4.10 ERD Mechanism for VPN TRUNK
To use ERD (Environment Recovery Detection) mechanism for VPN TRUNK, please follow
the steps listed below:
1. Click Start >> Run and type Telnet 192.168.1.1 in the Open box as below. Note that
the IP address in the example is the default address of the router. If you have changed the
default, enter the current IP address of the router.
2. Click OK. The Telnet terminal will be open. If an administrator password has not
already been assigned, follow the on-screen instructions to assign one.
3. After assigning a password, type ?. You will see a list of valid/common commands
depending on the router that your use.
4. For using ERD mechanism, please type “vpn Trunk backup?”. The available commands
will be shown as the following figure.
(1) To inquire current ERD setting
> vpn Trunk backup ERD VpnBackup -------> (name of Trunk profile)
(2) None Mode (Default Setting)
Such mode makes all of the dial-out VPN TRUNK backup profiles being activated
alternately.
Request Background: Some of users think if VPN tunnel connected again, it is
Environment Recovery Detection. For such users, use None mode.
To set ERD None mode
> vpn Trunk backup ERD VpnBackup None
(3) Resume Mode
When VPN connection breaks down, Member1 is a top priority for the system to do
VPN connection again.
Request Background: Some of users hope the connection can be continuous and not
breaking down (maybe they will have thousands of orders coming within one minute).
If the network connection breaks down, the users must connect from the first VPN
server and spend lots of time. Such mode can solve their problems.
To set ERD Resume mode
> vpn Trunk backup ERD VpnBackup Resume
(4) AutoDrop Mode
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Detect VPN connection periodically (by setting value for “second”). If VPN server for
Member 1 has completed the network connection, current VPN Tunnel backup
connection will be off-line.
Request Background: Some of users think it is not really environment recovery
detection to borrow VPN tunnels from branches for connecting with the headquarters.
The system should connect to headquarters automatically and that is called ERD.
To set ERD AutoDrop mode
¾
To check current status of AutoDrop
> vpn Trunk backup ERD VpnBackup AutoDrop
¾
To set AutoDrop
> vpn Trunk backup ERD VpnBackup AutoDrop 3600
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¾
Why use <second> - AutoDrop might cause unstable condition for data
transmitting. To solve the problem, you can set value for second to specify
valid time for sending data out.
¾
When set value for <second> with “0”: VPN tunnel that does not join
Member1 will try to connect with VPN server of Member1 for every six
seconds. Once the connection is successful, current transmitting data (mail,
video conference, or other) will be dropped immediately.
¾
When set value for <second> with “1 ~ 4294967295”: The administrator can
try to connect with VPN server within certain time. Once the connection is
successful, current transmitting data (mail, video conference, or other) will be
dropped immediately. For example, if you type “3600” as the value for
<second>, AutoDrop will be done with 30 seconds (3531 ~ 3600) for the
backup VPN tunnel. If you set “30” as the value for <second>, it will be
regarded as “0”.
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5
Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the router and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below
to check your basic installation status stage by stage.
z
Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.
z
Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.
z
Pinging the router from your computer.
z
Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.
z
Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the router still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check the power line and WLAN/LAN cable connections.
Refer to “2.1 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Turn on the router. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“2.1 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure
the network connection settings is OK.
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For Windows
222
The example is based on Windows XP. As to the examples for other
operation systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.draytek.com.
1.
Go to Control Panel and then double-click on Network Connections.
2.
Right-click on Local Area Connection and click on Properties.
3.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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4.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically.
For MacOs
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure
IPv4.
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5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might
need to use “ping” command to check the link status of the router. The most important
thing is that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the
IP address of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP
automatically. (Please refer to the section 4.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the router correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP). The
DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. It the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For MacOs (Terminal)
224
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. It the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
Click WAN>> Internet Access and then check whether the ISP settings are set correctly.
For PPPoE Users
1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if Username and Password are entered with correct values that you got from
your ISP.
For Static/Dynamic IP Users
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1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway are entered with correct values that
you got from your ISP.
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5.5 Problems for 3G Network Connection
When you have trouble in using 3G network transmission, please check the following:
Check if USB LED lights on or off
You have to wait about 15 seconds after inserting 3G USB Modem into your Vigor2910.
Later, the USB LED will light on which means the installation of USB Modem is successful.
If the USB LED does not light on, please remove and reinsert the modem again. If it still
fails, restart Vigor2910.
USB LED lights on but the network connection does not work
Check the PIN Code of SIM card is disabled or not. Please use the utility of 3G USB Modem
to disable PIN code and try again. If it still fails, it might be the compliance problem of
system. Please open DrayTek Syslog Tool to capture the connection information (WAN Log)
and send the page (similar to the following graphic) to the service center of DrayTek.
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Transmission Rate is not fast enough
Please connect your Notebook with 3G USB Modem to test the connection speed to verify if
the problem is caused by Vigor2910. In addition, please refer to the manual of 3G USB
Modem for LED Status to make sure if the modem connects to Internet via HSDPA mode. If
you want to use the modem indoors, please put it on the place near the window to obtain
better signal receiving.
5.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the router by software or hardware.
Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you
did before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing.
The password of factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset the router to factory default via Web page.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following
screen will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click OK. After few
seconds, the router will return all the settings to the factory settings.
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Hardware Reset
While the router is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the
button. Then, the router will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the router again to
fit your personal request.
5.7 Contacting Your Dealer
If the router still cannot work correctly after trying many efforts, please contact your dealer
for further help right away. For any questions, please feel free to send e-mail to
support@draytek.com.
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