Specifications | Drolet 45109A Stove User Manual

INSTRUCTIONS & OPERATIONS MANUAL
DROLET COMPAK EPA EXEMPT
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
AGENCY 28A CERTIFIED
WOODSTOVES
Verified and tested following
UL 1482 Standards by:
Manufactured by : STOVE BUILDER INTERNATIONAL INC.
1700, Leon-Harmel, Quebec (Quebec) G1N 4R9
Tel : ( 418 ) 527-3060
Fax : ( 418 ) 527-4311
www.drolet.ca
READ AND KEEP THIS MANUAL FOR REFERENCE
45109A
2010-09-22
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................. 2
ASSEMBLY ......................................................................................................................... 3
INSTALLATION ................................................................................................................... 5
POSITIONING THE STOVE ............................................................................................ 5
CLEARANCES FROM COMBUSTIBLES ........................................................................ 6
CHIMNEY ........................................................................................................................ 7
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR (STOVE PIPE) ....................................................................... 8
TYPICAL INSTALLATIONS ............................................................................................. 9
WOOD STOVE UTILISATION .......................................................................................... 13
AVERAGE ENERGY YIELD OF ONE AIR DRIED CORD OF CUT WOOD .................. 13
TESTING YOUR WOOD ............................................................................................... 14
THE FIRST FIRES......................................................................................................... 14
IGNITION ....................................................................................................................... 14
ASH DISPOSAL ............................................................................................................ 15
AIR CIRCULATION SYSTEM ........................................................................................... 16
MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................ 16
GLASS ........................................................................................................................... 16
GASKETING .................................................................................................................. 16
PAINT ............................................................................................................................ 17
WHEN DO I NEED TO REPLACE THE FIREBRICKS? ................................................ 17
REPLACEMENT PARTS ............................................................................................... 17
DROLET LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY ...................................................................... 18
REGISTER YOU WARRANTY ONLINE
To receive full warranty coverage, you will need to
show evidence of the date you purchased your
stove. Keep your sales invoice. We also
recommend that you register your warranty online at
www.drolet.ca
Registering your warranty online will help us track
rapidly the information we need on your stove.
1
INTRODUCTION
STOVE BUILDER INTERNATIONAL INC., one of the most important wood stove and
fireplace manufacturers in Canada, congratulates you on your purchase and wishes to
help you get maximum satisfaction from your wood stove. In the pages that follow, we will
give you advice on wood heating and controlled combustion as well as technical
specifications regarding installation, operation and maintenance of the model you have
chosen.
The instructions pertaining to the installation of your wood stove comply with UL-1482
standards.
Read this entire manual before you install and use your new stove. If this stove is
not properly installed, a house fire may result. To reduce the risk of fire, follow the
installation instructions. Failure to follow instructions may result in property
damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Consult your municipal building department or fire officials about restrictions and
installations requirements in your area and the need to obtain a permit.
Make sure you keep this instruction manual. It will always be helpful. We also
suggest that you consult our web site at www.drolet.ca . It will provide you with a full
range of information, such as how to order replacement parts.
CAUTIONS:
HOT WHILE IN OPERATION. KEEP CHILDREN, CLOTHING AND FURNITURE AWAY. CONTACT MAY
CAUSE SKIN BURNS.
DO NOT USE CHEMICALS OR FLUIDS TO IGNITE THE FIRE.
DO NOT LEAVE THE STOVE UNATTENDED WHEN THE DOOR IS SLIGHTLY OPENED.
DO NOT BURN WASTES, FLAMMABLE FLUID SUCH AS GASOLINE, NAPHTHA OR MOTOR OIL.
DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
ALWAYS CLOSE THE DOOR AFTER THE IGNITION.
2
ASSEMBLY
Legs installation:
Position the stove on its back and
screw the legs in place with 8
screws, 8 bolts, and 8 washers;
Ash lip Installation:
Screw in place with 2 bolts, 2
screws, and 2 washers.
3
Cast iron flue collar installation:
1. Peel off the tape from the back
of the gasket and attach the
gasket to the rope groove at
the back of the flue collar;
2. Mount flue collar on top of the
stove. Make sure that the
damper holes on each side of
the flue collar are parallel to the
back of the stove;
3. Fix the flue collar with the
hardware supplied;
4. Install the flue damper inside
the flue collar as illustrated.
Back air intake, ash dump cap,
and firebricks installation:
1. Slide the back air intake(A)
behind the bracket welded on
the back of the stove;
2. Install the bottom firebricks
first, then the side ones;
3. Install the back firebricks;
4. Insert the ash dump cap on
the bottom hole.
(A)
4
INSTALLATION
SAFETY NOTICE
IF THIS STOVE IS NOT PROPERLY INSTALLED, A HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT. TO REDUCE THE RISK
OF FIRE, FOLLOW THE INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS. FAILURE TO FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS MAY
RESULT IN PROPERTY DAMAGE, BODILY INJURY, OR EVEN DEATH.
CONSULT YOUR MUNICIPAL BUILDING DEPARTMENT OR FIRE OFFICIALS ABOUT RESTRICTIONS
AND INSTALLATIONS REQUIREMENTS IN YOUR AREA.
USE SMOKE DETECTORS IN THE ROOM WHERE YOUR STOVE IS INSTALLED.
KEEP FURNITURE AND DRAPES WELL AWAY FROM THE STOVE.
NEVER USE GASOLINE, GASOLINE-TYPE LANTERN FUEL, KEROSENE, CHARCOAL LIGHTER FLUID,
OR SIMILAR LIQUIDS TO START OR "FRESHEN UP" A FIRE. KEEP ALL SUCH LIQUIDS WELL AWAY
FROM THE STOVE.
IN THE EVENT OF A CHIMNEY FIRE, CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
DO NOT CONNECT TO ANY AIR DISTRIBUTION DUCT OR SYSTEM.
A SOURCE OF FRESH AIR INTO THE ROOM OR SPACE HEATED SHALL BE PROVIDED WHEN
REQUIRED.
POSITIONING THE STOVE
It is very important to position the wood stove as close as possible to the chimney, and in
an area that will favour the most efficient heat distribution possible throughout the house.
The stove must therefore be installed in the room where the most time is spent, and in the
most spacious room possible. Recall that wood stoves produce radiating heat, the heat
we feel when we are close to a wood stove. A wood stove also functions by convection,
that is through the displacement of hot air accelerated upwards and its replacement with
cooler air. If necessary, the hot air distribution from the stove may be facilitated by a
blower or the installation of floor or wall grids.
The wood stove must not be hooked up to a hot air distribution system since an
excessive accumulation of heat may occur.
A wood stove must never be installed in a hallway or near a staircase, since it may
block the way in case of fire or fall to respect required clearances.
5
CLEARANCES FROM COMBUSTIBLES
It is of outmost importance that the clearances to combustible materials be scrupulously
respected upon installation of the stove you have selected. Refer to the tables below :
Single pipe / Double pipe
A
29”
B
30”
C
39”
D
34-3/4”
E
22”
F
32”
Floor to ceiling height must be at least 7' (84") in all cases.
The clearance between the flue pipe and a wall are valid only for vertical walls and for
vertical flue pipe.
The flue pipe must not go through roof trussing, an attic, a wardrobe, a floor, a
combustible partition, or similar spaces.
A flue pipe crossing a combustible wall must have a minimum clearance of 18".
To reduce flue pipe clearances from combustible materials, contact your local safety
department.
For reduced clearances refer to NFPA 211 table 9-6.6.1.
6
CHIMNEY
Your wood stove may be hooked up with a factory built or masonry chimney. If you are
using a factory built chimney, it must comply with UL 103 standards; therefore it must be a
Type HT (2100°F). It is extremely important that it be installed according to the
manufacturer's specifications.
If you are using a masonry chimney, it is important that it be built in compliance with the
specifications of the National Building Code. It must be lined with fire clay bricks, metal or
clay tiles sealed together with fire cement. (Round flues are the most efficient).
The interior diameter of the chimney flues must be identical to the stove's smoke exhaust.
(6”). A flue which is too small may cause draught problems, while a large flue favours
rapid cooling of the gas, and hence the build-up of creosote and the risk of chimney fires.
Note that it is the chimney and not the stove which creates the draught effect; your
stove's performance is directly dependent on an adequate draught from your chimney.
The following recommendations may be useful for the installation of your chimney:
1. Do not connect this unit to a chimney flue serving another appliance.
2. It must rise above the roof at least 3' (0.9 mm) from the uppermost point of
contact.
3. The chimney must exceed any part of the building or other obstruction within a
10' (3.04 m) distance by a height of 2' (0.6 m).
4. Installation of an interior chimney is always preferable to an exterior chimney.
Indeed, the interior chimney will, by definition, be hotter than an exterior
chimney, being heated up by the ambient air in the house. Therefore the gas
which circulates will cool more slowly, thus reducing the build-up of creosote
and the risk of chimney fires.
5. The draught caused by the tendency for hot air to rise will be increased with an
interior chimney.
6. Using a fire screen at the extremity of the chimney requires regular inspection in
order to insure that it is not obstructed thus blocking the draught, and it should
be cleaned when necessary.
7. Clean your chimney every 2 months.
7
CHIMNEY CONNECTOR (STOVE PIPE)
The stove pipe must be made of aluminized or cold roll steel with a minimum thickness of
0.021" or 0.53 mm. It is strictly forbidden to use galvanized steel.
Your smoke pipe should be assembled in such a way that the male section of the pipe
faces down. Attach each of the sections to one another with three equidistant metal
screws. The system should be attach to the unit using screws.
The pipe must be short and straight. All sections installed horizontally must slope at least
1/4 inch per foot, with the upper end of the section toward the chimney.
To insure a good draught, the diameter of the coupling pipe should be 6” and total length
should never exceed 8' to 10' (24 to 3.04 m). (Except for cases of vertical installation,
cathedral-roof style where the smoke exhaust system can be much longer and connected
without problem to the chimney at the ceiling of the room).
There should never be more than two 90 degrees elbow in the smoke exhaust system.
Installation of a "barometric draught stabiliser" (fireplace register) on a smoke exhaust
system is prohibited.
Stove Pipe
8
TYPICAL INSTALLATIONS
FACTORY BUILT CHIMNEY:
RAIN CAP
ROOF FLASHING
18" CLEARANCE
RADIATION SHIELD
WALL RADIATION SHIELD
WALL SUPPORT
CEILING SUPPORT
Wall installation
Vertical installation
9
MASONRY CHIMNEY:
Clay liner
Thimble
Clean out
door
10
FACTORY BUILT THIMBLE:
11
BRICK THIMBLE:
12
WOOD STOVE UTILISATION
Your heating unit was designed to burn wood only; no other materials should be burnt.
Wastes and other flammable materials should not be burnt in your wood stove. Any type
of wood may be used in your stove, but specific varieties have better energy yields than
others. Please consult the following table in order to make the best possible choice.
AVERAGE ENERGY YIELD OF ONE AIR DRIED CORD OF CUT WOOD
Wood species
High energy yield
Medium energy yield
Low energy yield
Oak
Sugar Maple
Beech
Yellow birch
Ash
Elm
Larch (Tamarack)
Red Maple
Douglas red fir
Silver birch
Alder
Poplar
Hemlock
Spruce
Pine
Bass
Fir
Energy yield
(millions of BTU/cord)
29
28
26
25
24
23
23
23
23
22
18
17
17
17
17
16
13
Data provided by Energy, Mines and Resources - Canada
IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT YOU USE DRY WOOD ONLY IN YOUR WOOD
STOVE. The wood must have dried for 9 to 15 months, such that the humidity content (in
weight) is reduced below 20% of the weight of the log. It is very important to keep in mind
that even if the wood has been cut since one, two or even more years, it is not necessarily
dry, if it has been stored in poor conditions; under extreme conditions, it may even rot
instead of drying. The vast majority of the problems related to the operation of a wood
stove are caused by the fact that the wood used was too damp or had dried in poor
conditions. These problems can be:
ignition problems
creosote build-up causing chimney fires
low energy yield
blackened windows
incomplete log combustion
13
Smaller pieces of wood will dry faster. All logs exceeding 6" in diameter should be split.
The wood should not be stored directly on the ground. Air should circulate through the
cord. A 24" to 48" air space should be left between each row of logs, which should be
placed in the sunniest location possible. The upper layer of wood should be protected
from the element but not the sides.
TESTING YOUR WOOD
When the stove is thoroughly warmed, place one piece of split wood (about five inches in
diameter) parallel to the door on the bed of red embers.
Close the door. If ignition of the piece is accomplished within 90 seconds from the time if
was placed in the stove, your wood is correctly dried. If ignition takes longer, your wood is
damp.
If your wood hisses and water or vapour escapes at the ends of the piece, your wood is
soaked or freshly cut. Do not use this wood in your stove. Large amounts of creosote
could be deposited in your chimney, creating potential conditions for a chimney fire.
THE FIRST FIRES
The fresh paint on your stove needs to be cured to preserve it's quality. Once the fuel
charge is properly ignited, only burn small fires in your stove for the first four hours of
operation.
Make sure that there’s enough air circulation while curing the stove. The odours could be
smelled during the 3 or 4 first fires. Never start your stove outside. You will not be able to
see if you are over heating.
IGNITION
Place several rumpled sheets of paper in the centre of the combustion chamber. Place 8
to 10 pieces of small dry kindling wood over the paper in the form of a tent. You may also
place a few pieces of heating wood, but choose the smaller ones. No chemical product
should be used to light the fire.
Before igniting the paper and kindling wood, it is recommended that you warm up the
chimney. This is done in order to avoid back draft problems often due to negative
pressure in the house. If such is the case, open a window slightly near the stove and twist
together a few sheets of newspaper into a torch. Light up this paper torch and hold it as
close as possible to the mouth of the pipe inside the combustion chamber to warm up the
chimney. Once the updraft movement is initiated, you are ready to ignite the stove by
lighting the paper and kindling wood inside the combustion chamber.
We therefore advise you to leave the door slightly opened (1/4") for a 10 to 30 minutes
period, under supervision, in order to allow for good combustion. After this time, you
must close the door.
14
ASH DISPOSAL
Ashes should be removed from the stove every few days or when ashes get to 2 to 3
inches deep. Always empty the stove when it is cold, such as in the morning.
Always dispose of ashes in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. Place this container on
a non combustible floor or on the ground, well away from all combustible materials,
pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally
dispersed, they should be retained in the close container until all cinders have thoroughly
cooled.
CAUTIONS:
ASHES COULD CONTAIN HOT EMBERS EVEN AFTER TWO DAYS WITHOUT OPERATING THE STOVE.
THE ASH PAN CAN BECOME VERY HOT. W EAR GLOVES TO PREVENT INJURY.
NEVER BURN THE STOVE WITH THE ASH TRAP OPEN. THIS WOULD RESULT IN OVER FIRING THE
STOVE. DAMAGE TO THE STOVE AND EVEN HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT.
THE INSTALLATION OF A LOG CRADLE IS NOT RECOMMENDED IN YOUR DROLET WOOD STOVE.
NEVER PUT WOOD ABOVE THE FIREBRICK LINING OF THE FIREBOX.
15
AIR CIRCULATION SYSTEM
In order to improve air circulation in the room where the wood stove is installed, certain
options are available for specific stove models.
Blower:
A variable speed-control blower is available.
AC02050.
The part number is
Thermodisc:
The thermodisc is installed on the blower's electrical supply cord, and
it will start the blower when the stove’s temperature reaches 120 F
(49°C) and cut off power when the stove cools down below 100 F
(37°C).
Information regarding installation of the thermodisc is
included with the device.
MAINTENANCE
Your Drolet stove is a high efficiency stove and therefore require little maintenance. It is
important to perform a visual inspection of the stove every time it is emptied, in order to
insure that no parts have been damaged, in which case repairs must be performed
immediately.
GLASS
Inspect the glass regularly in order to detect any cracks. If you spot one, turn the stove
off immediately. Do not abuse the glass door by striking or slamming shut. Do not use
the stove if the glass is broken.
If the glass on your stove breaks, replace only with glazing supplied from the Drolet
dealer.
To replace the glass, remove the screws retaining the glass mouldings inside the door.
Remove the mouldings and replace the damaged piece with a new one. Perform the
procedure backwards after replacing. When replacing the glass, you should change
the glass gasket to make sure you keep it sealed.
Never wash the glass with a product that may scratch. Use a specialized product,
available in the stores where wood stoves are sold.
The glass should be washed only when cold.
GASKETING
It is recommended that you change the door gasket (which makes your stove door air
tight) once a year, in order to insure good control over the combustion, maximum
efficiency and security. To change the door gasket, simply remove the damaged one.
Carefully clean the available gasket groove, apply a high temperature silicone sold for this
purpose, and install the new gasket. You may light up your stove again approximately 24
hours after having completed this operation.
16
WARNING:
NEVERS
OPERATE THE STOVE WITHOUT A GASKET OR WITH A BROKEN ONE.
STOVE OR EVEN HOUSE FIRE MAY RESULT
DAMAGE
TO THE
PAINT
Only clean your stove with a dry soft clothe that will not harm the paint finish.
If the paint becomes scratched or damaged, it is possible to give your wood stove a brand
new look, by repainting it with a 1200o F heat resistant paint. For this purpose, simply
scrub the surface to be repainted with fine sand paper, clean it properly, and apply thin
coats (2) of paint successively. Refer to page 18 of the present manual for the paint
curing process.
WHEN DO I NEED TO REPLACE THE FIREBRICKS?
The firebricks in your stove are there to protect the steel from the excessive heat of the
flames and embers. Without firebricks, your stove would wear out prematurely. It could also
become to hot and cause objects or structures nearby to catch fire. If you notice that some
firebricks are disintegrated and the steel is directly in contact with the fire or embers, replace
the firebricks immediately. If you only notice cracks on some firebricks, it is not necessary to
replace them. The frequency at which you will change your firebricks depends on how often
you use your stove.
There are different sizes of firebricks. Most stores will sell firebricks with a dimension of
4,5”X9”X1,25”. These firebricks are adequate for many stoves, but will not fit on all Drolet
units. It is preferable that you visit our parts section in order to clearly identify the type of
firebrick that you need.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Replacement parts can be located on our web site at www.drolet.ca (in the replacement
parts section at the top).
17
DROLET LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
The warranty of the manufacturer extends only to the original consumer purchaser and is not transferable. This warranty
covers brand new products only, which have not been altered, modified nor repaired since shipment from factory. Proof of
purchase (dated bill of sale), model name and serial number must be supplied when making any warranty claim to your
DROLET dealer.
This warranty applies to normal residential use only. Damages caused by misuse, abuse, improper installation,
lack of maintenance, over firing, negligence or accident during transportation are not covered by this warranty.
This warranty does not cover any scratch, corrosion, warping, or discoloration caused by over firing, abrasives or chemical
cleaners. Any defect or damage caused by the use of unauthorized parts or others than original parts void this warranty. An
authorized qualified technician must perform the installation in accordance with the instructions supplied with this product
and all local and national building codes. Any service call related to an improper installation is not covered by this
warranty.
The manufacturer may require that defective products be returned or that digital pictures be provided to support the claim.
Returned products are to be shipped prepaid to the manufacturer for investigation. If a product is found to be defective, the
manufacturer will repair or replace such defect and reasonable transportation fees will be refunded. Repair work covered
by the warranty, executed at the purchaser’s domicile by an authorized qualified technician requires the prior approval of
the manufacturer. Labour cost and repair work to the account of the manufacturer are based on predetermined rate
schedule and must not exceed the wholesale price of the replacement part. All labour and freight costs covered by this
warranty are limited according to the table below.
The manufacturer at its discretion may decide to repair or replace any part or unit after inspection and investigation of the
defect. The manufacturer may, at its discretion, fully discharge all obligations with respect to this warranty by refunding
the wholesale price of any warranted but defective parts The manufacturer shall in no event be responsible for any special,
indirect, consequential damages of any nature, which are in excess of the original purchase price of the product.
DESCRIPTION
Combustion chamber (welds only), castings, and convector airmate
Plating (defective manufacture) – subject to limitations above
Secondary air tubes, vermiculite baffle, C-Cast baffle and handle
assembly
Stainless steel baffle and parts
Carbon steel baffle and parts
Blowers, thermal switches, rheostat, and other controls
Paint (peeling), gaskets, insulation, and ceramic glass (thermal breakage
only*)
*Pictures required
WARRANTY APPLICATION
PARTS
LABOUR
Lifetime
5 years
Lifetime
n/a
5 years
n/a
5 years
2 years
2 years
3 years
1 year
1 year
1 year
n/a
Shall your unit or a components be defective, contact immediately your DROLET dealer. Prior to your call make sure
you have the following information necessary to your warranty claim treatment:
Your name, address and telephone number;
Bill of sale and dealer’s name;
Serial number and model name as indicated on the
nameplate fixed to the back of your unit;
Nature of the defect and any relevant information.
Before shipping your unit or defective component to our plant, you must obtain from your DROLET dealer an
Authorization Number. Any merchandise shipped to our plant without authorization will be refused automatically and
returned to sender.
18
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