Dynex DX-CRMN1 Computer Hardware User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
8
Controls and features
17
Seating and safety restraints
71
Starting and driving
Starting
104
Driving
109
Roadside emergencies
127
Servicing
Maintenance and care
150
Capacities and specifications
199
Customer assistance
210
Reporting safety defects
222
Index
223
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photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation
in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 1999 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
Engine exhaust, some if its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, or birth defects or other reproductive harm.
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
2
Introduction
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of pickup trucks and utility type vehicles
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
3
Introduction
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
If your light truck is equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package, it may be utilized as an ambulance. Ford urges ambulance
manufacturers to follow the recommendations of the Ford Incomplete
Vehicle Manual, Ford Truck Body Builder’s Layout Book and the QVM
guidelines as well as pertinent supplements. For additional information,
please contact the Light Truck Body Builders Advisory Service
1–877–840–4338.
Use of your Ford light truck as an ambulance, without the Ford
Ambulance Preparation Package voids the Ford New Vehicle Limited
Warranty and may void the Emissions Warranties. In addition, ambulance
usage without the preparation package could cause high underbody
temperatures, overpressurized fuel and a risk of spraying fuel which
could lead to fires.
If your vehicle is equipped with the
Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package, it will be indicated on the
Certification label. The label is
located on the driver’s side door
pillar or on the rear edge of the
driver’s door. You can determine
whether the ambulance
manufacturer followed Ford’s
recommendations by directly
contacting that manufacturer. Ford
Ambulance Preparation Package is
only available on certain 7.3L Diesel
engine equipped vehicles.
4
Introduction
Notice to owners of diesel-powered vehicles
Read the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel Owner’s
Guide Supplement for information regarding correct operation and
maintenance of your diesel-powered light truck.
Notice to owners of natural gas fueled vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, be sure to read the “Natural Gas Vehicle
Owner’s Guide Supplement.” This book contains important operation and
maintenance information.
5
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window Lockout
6
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
MAX
MIN
7
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 10)
Speed control*
(pg. 59)
H
F
000000
20 km/h
E
H
80
60
40
C
0
80
L
90
8
MPH 0 0 0 0
SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
BRAKE
RES
ON
SET
ACCEL
OFF
COAST
Headlamp control
(pg. 17)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 59)
*if equipped
8
Driver air bag
(pg. 88)
Instrumentation
Climate control system
(pg. 18)
Auxiliary power point
(pg. 24)
FAN
HI
OFF
LO
REAR
LO
REAR
CTRL
OFF
RIVE
OVERD
FLR
VENT
MIX
NORM
A/C
HI
MAX
A/C
COOL
WARM
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
Gearshift (includes
overdrive button)
(pg. 116)
2
3
4
AM/FM
Electronic sound system
(pg. 25)
9
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
H
F
C
40
30 60
20
10
0
E
BRAKE
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
H
120
140
20 km/h
L
18
90
8
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
BRAKE
position. Also illuminates if the
!
parking brake is engaged. If the
brake warning lamp does not
illuminate at these times, seek service immediately. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
ABS
position. If the light remains on,
continues to flash or fails to
illuminate, have the system serviced
immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system is
disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with the parking brake released.
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). The OBD II system protects the
environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet
10
Instrumentation
government emission standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the gas cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Service
Engine Soon light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold
engine startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional
vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your vehicle serviced
at the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
11
Instrumentation
Transmission control indicator light (TCIL)
Illuminates when the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS), refer to
OVERDRIVE
Overdrive control in the Controls
and Features chapter, has been
pushed turning the transmission
overdrive function OFF. When the TCIL (the word OFF on the gear
shift) light is on, the transmission does not operate in the overdrive
mode, refer to the Driving chapter for transmission function and
operation.
The light may also flash steadily if a transmission malfunction is
detected. If the light does not come on when the Transmission Control
Switch is depressed or if the light flashes steadily, have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible, damage to the transmission could occur.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
12
Instrumentation
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously,
check for a burned-out turn signal
bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
This light will come on when the
key is in the ON position and the:
• engine coolant temperature is
very high
• engine oil pressure is low
The light serves as a notice that a system needs your attention and to
check the engine coolant temperature gauge and the engine oil pressure
gauge.
Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge and Engine oil pressure
gauge in this chapter for more information.
Safety belt warning chime/buzzer
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
13
Instrumentation
Key-in-ignition warning chime/buzzer
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime (if equipped)
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
GAUGES
H
F
E
C
40
30 60
20
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
H
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
L
18
90
8
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
40
30 60
20
10
0
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
14
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
90
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
F
E
100
Instrumentation
the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small amount of reserve fuel in
the tank. When refueling the vehicle from an empty indication, the
amount of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised
capacity due to the reserve fuel.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
H
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
C
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate. If the gauge enters the red section, the oil
pressure/engine coolant and Check Engine/Service Engine Soon
indicators illuminate, refer to What you should know about fail-safe
cooling in the Maintenance and care chapter.
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
H
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
L
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level. Add oil if needed (refer to Engine oil
in the Maintenance and care chapter). If the oil level is correct, have
your vehicle checked at your dealership or by a qualified technician.
15
Instrumentation
Battery voltage gauge
This shows the battery voltage when
the ignition is in the ON position. If
the pointer moves and stays outside
the normal operating range (as
indicated), have the vehicle’s
electrical system checked as soon as
possible.
18
8
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
50 60
40
30 60
20
10
0
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
10
0
16
100
70
80
120
000000
40
140
20 km/h
90
160
100
MPH 0 0 0 0
40
30 60
20
80
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
90
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
• Pull the headlamp control toward
you to the first position to turn
on the parking lamps, tail lamps,
license plate lamps and marker
lamps.
• Pull the headlamp control toward
you to the outer position to turn
on the headlamps (in addition to
the previous lamps).
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
Pull toward you to deactivate.
17
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
To adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel:
• Rotate
clockwise/counterclockwise when
the headlamp control is in the
parking lamp or low-beam
position.
To turn on the courtesy lamp and
cargo lamps:
• Rotate fully counterclockwise.
The dome lamp will not illuminate if the panel dimmer/dome lamp
control is switched to OFF.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
FAN
HI
OFF
FLR
LO
VENT
COOL
18
WARM
MIX
Controls and features
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
FAN
HI
LO
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
COOL
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
WARM
OFF
FLR
MIX
VENT
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
• FLR-Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air through the
floor ducts.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
• MIX-Distributes outside air through the floor ducts and the windshield
defroster ducts.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
•
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce fogging
on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
19
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
FAN
HI
OFF
VENT
LO
NORM
A/C
FLR
MIX
MAX
A/C
COOL
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
WARM
FAN
LO
20
HI
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
WARM
COOL
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
VENT
NORM
A/C
FLR
MIX
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except VENT
and FLR. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than NORM A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the
vehicle faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This
mode can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• NORM A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX
A/C but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air will not be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
21
Controls and features
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
• FLR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air through
the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• MIX-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts and
the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided
in this mode. For added customer comfort, when the temperature
control knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full cold
positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly
warmer than the air sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
• DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce fogging
on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, do not drive with the
climate control system in the OFF or MAX A/C position.
• Do not put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
22
Controls and features
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Auxiliary heater and air conditioner (if equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with a
factory installed auxiliary unit, the
main climate control panel will
include separate controls for the
front fan speed and the rear fan
speed. In conjunction with the front
fan speed control, an additional fan
speed control is located overhead
between the second and third row
seating.
REAR
HI
LO
REAR
CTRL
OFF
The fan speed of the auxiliary unit
can be controlled either by the front
seat using the front auxiliary control
or by the rear seat passengers using
the rear auxiliary control, but not
both. To control the auxiliary unit
using the rear control, the front
control must be in the REAR
position.
OFF
HI
23
Controls and features
Air temperature and air distribution are dependent upon the mode that
is selected on the main climate control panel:
• MAX A/C-Distributes recirculated air conditioning through the
overhead vents of the rear compartment.
• NORM A/C-Distributes recirculated air conditioning through the
overhead vents of the rear compartment.
• VENT-Distributes recirculated ambient air through the overhead vents
of the rear compartment.
• OFF-No air, cooled, ambient, or heated, is distributed through any
vents
• FLR-Distributes heated air through the floor vents of the rear
compartment.
• MIX-Distributes heated air through the floor vents of the rear
compartment.
•
(Defrost)-Distributes heated air through the floor vents of the
rear compartment.
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
The auxiliary power point is located
on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical
accessories into the cigarette lighter.
Use the power point.
24
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo (with 2 speakers)
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
3
4
AM/FM
AM/FM Stereo (with 4 speakers and fade capability)
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
AM / FM STEREO
1
2
3
4
AM/FM
25
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH
ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH
ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio mode.
AM/FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
26
SEEK
TUNE
Controls and features
station is located there). Hold the control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to four preset AM stations and eight
FM stations (four in FM1 and four in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the TONE control once, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
desired level.
3
4
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
27
Controls and features
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TONE control twice, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
desired level.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the TONE control three times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the desired level.
Speaker fade adjust (if equipped)
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the TONE control four times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the desired level.
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode.
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
TONE
CLK
28
Controls and features
To set the hour, press and hold the CLK control until CLOCK SET
appears in the display and press the SEEK control:
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
•
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control until CLOCK SET
appears in the display and press the
TUNE control:
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
TONE
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
SEEK
SEEK
to increase minutes.
•
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to
switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for ten
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station,
etc.), the media information will again display for ten seconds before
reverting back to the clock. In media mode, the media information will
always be displayed.
29
Controls and features
AM/FM stereo cassette
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM1
BASS
CLK
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
4
5
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
6
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
30
Controls and features
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and tape modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
AM control to select from AM selections, and press the FM control to
select from FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
31
Controls and features
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM or the FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
5
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
32
6
Controls and features
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
mode, press the TAPE AMS
control.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
33
Controls and features
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
beginning of the tape selection
CLK
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
TAPE
To activate the feature, momentarily
AMS
depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the
beginning of the current selection) or FF (to advance to the next
selection). The tape deck stops and returns to play mode when the AMS
circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least four seconds duration between programs.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
mode.
To rewind in tape mode, press the
REW control.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape mode.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE and 1–2 at the same
time to play the alternate side of a
tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
34
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
EJ
Controls and features
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
4
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press the SEEK
control:
•
•
CLK
TAPE
AMS
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press the
TUNE control:
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
CLK
TAPE
AMS
35
Controls and features
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information, etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media information will display for 10 seconds,
when the radio is turned on, and then revert to clock information.
Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media
information will again display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the
clock. In media mode, the media information will always be displayed.
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette (CD Changer Compatible)
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
EJ
TAPE
AM
FM
TUNE
SEEK
MUTE
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
RDS
SCAN
4
FADE
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Your audio system is equipped with selective lighting, a unique lighting
strategy. This lighting feature is operable when the headlamps are
illuminated. During the operation of any selected mode, lighting for the
individual function controls will either illuminate or turn off. Those
controls which have a function for the specific mode of operation
36
Controls and features
selected will be lit, while the controls which have no function for that
mode will be turned off.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
Speed sensitive volume (if equipped)
With this feature, radio volume changes automatically and slightly with
vehicle speed to compensate for road and wind noise.
The recommended level for speed sensitive volume is from level 1
through level 3. Level 0 turns the speed sensitive volume off and level 7
is the maximum setting.
With the radio on, press and hold
the volume control for five seconds,
until the display reads SPEED
VOL
VOL #, then press:
PUSH ON
37
Controls and features
•
to increase volume
compensation
•
to decrease or shut off the
volume compensation
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes (if
equipped).
SEL
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
TUNE
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer
• Press
to select the previous
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
38
TUNE
Controls and features
disc unless the CD changer is in shuffle mode.) Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the discs.
• Press
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode (if
equipped).
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
SEEK
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous
SEEK
selection on the tape or return to
the beginning of the current
selection.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD changer
• Press
to seek to the previous
SEEK
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
, the CD changer will replay
three seconds or more and you press
that selection from the beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode (if equipped).
SCAN
39
Controls and features
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
40
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of bass.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of treble.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control. Use the SEL
control to adjust the sound between
the speakers.
BASS
SEL
TREB
BASS
SEL
TREB
BAL
SEL
FADE
41
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control. Use the
SEL control to adjust the sound
between the front and rear
speakers.
BAL
SEL
FADE
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
CD
TAPE
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if equipped
with CD changer), ensure that
CD
TAPE
the CDs are loaded. Press the CD
control. The first track of the disc
will begin playing. After that, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape and CD modes (if equipped).
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
42
FF
2
Controls and features
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
reduction reduces the amount of
4
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate
(and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
The Dolbyt noise reduction system is manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolbyt and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolbyt Labratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
5
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
The effect of the feature varies with the music content.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
mode and plays all tracks on the
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
SHUFF
6
43
Controls and features
shuffle feature continues to the next disc after all tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Radio data system (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio
system to receive station
RDS
identification or program type from
RDS-equipped FM radio stations.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) recommend FM radio
broadcasters to use RDS technology to transmit information. FM radio
stations are independently operated and individually elect to use RDS
technology to transmit station ID and program type as desired.
Press and hold the control for five seconds to turn the feature on or off.
Press the control to scroll through the following selections:
Traffic
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select ON
or OFF. With the feature on, use
the SEEK or SCAN control to
SEL
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
Traffic information is not available in most U.S. markets.
Program type
• Press the RDS control until the
FIND program type is displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or SCAN
control to find the desired
program type from the following
selections:
44
RDS
SEL
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Classic
Country
Info
Jazz
Oldies
R&B
Religious
Rock
Soft
Top 40
Show
• With RDS activated, press the
RDS control until SHOW is
displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE (the display shows the
program type), NAME (the
display shows the call letters of
the station) or NONE.
RDS
SEL
RDS clock feature
Refer to Setting the clock for information.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
MUTE
Setting the clock with radio data system (RDS) feature
Press the RDS control until SELECT
HOUR or SELECT MINS is
RDS
displayed.
45
Controls and features
Use the SEL control to manually set
the time.
• Press
to increase
hours/minutes.
to decrease
• Press
hours/minutes.
SEL
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
DISC
VOL PUSH ON
EJ
FM 1
AMC
BL
AM
ST
MUTE
RF
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Audio power can also be turned on
by pressing the AM/FM select
control or the tape/CD select
control. Audio power is turned off
by using the volume/power control.
46
SEL
4
BAL
CLK
FADE
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
Controls and features
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD changer mode.
47
Controls and features
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the remaining
discs.
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the control to fast-forward through the
remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
48
Controls and features
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD or CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the
beginning.
SEEK
• Press
to seek forward to the
TUNE
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
49
Controls and features
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
AM
FM
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
50
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
CLK
If there are less than six strong
stations available on the frequency
band, the remaining memory preset
controls will all store the last strong station available.
These stations are temporarily stored in the memory preset controls
(until deactivated) and are accessed in the same manner of your original
presets.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
•
to decrease the bass output
and
•
to increase the bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
51
Controls and features
Press the TREB control then press:
to decrease the treble output
•
and
•
to increase the treble output.
SEL
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
•
to shift sound to the left and
to shift sound to the right.
•
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift the sound to the
front and
•
to shift the sound to the rear.
52
BAL
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. If returning from
radio or tape mode, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
With the dual media audio system, press the CD control to toggle
between single CD and CD changer play (if equipped).
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control rewinds the CD within the
current track.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control fast forwards the CD within the
current track.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
53
Controls and features
Eject function
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a tape.
EJ
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates in
tape mode. Dolbyt noise reduction
4
reduces the amount of hiss and
static during tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate) the Dolbyt noise
Press the
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D
symbol
are trademarks of Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode (if equipped) and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. If equipped with the CD
changer, the shuffle feature
continues to the next disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
54
Controls and features
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press SEEK:
AUTO
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press TUNE:
AUTO
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
•
If your vehicle has a separate clock
module, (other than the digital radio
display), the CLK button will not
function in the above manner.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
55
Controls and features
The CLK button will allow you to
switch between media display mode
AUTO
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for 10
CLK
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media
is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media information will again
display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the clock. In media mode,
the media information will always be displayed.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
EJ
MUTE
Troubleshooting the CD player (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
56
Controls and features
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe the center out to the
edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD player care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not insert more than one disc at a time.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• After playing, store the disc in its case.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies AM
and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
57
Controls and features
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
58
Controls and features
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
59
Controls and features
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
60
Controls and features
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL. Release the control
when the desired vehicle speed is
RES
reached or
• Press and release SET/SET ACC/
SET
ACCEL
SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by
COAST
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
61
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
62
Controls and features
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
63
Controls and features
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts and downshifts through
all available gears.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the end of the gearshift lever.
The transmission will operate in all
gears except overdrive. To return to
OVERDRIVE OFF
normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL (the word OFF) will no
longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
For additional information about the gearshift lever and the transmission
control switch operation refer to the Automatic Transmission
Operation section of the Driving chapter.
64
Controls and features
INTERIOR LAMPS
DOOR OFF ON
Cargo and dome lamps
Rear cargo lamps equipped with an
ON/OFF/DOOR control will light
when:
• the doors are closed and the
control is in the ON position.
• the control is in the DOOR
position and any door is open.
• the headlamp control is rotated
fully counterclockwise.
When the control is in the OFF
position, it will not illuminate when you open the doors or fully rotate
the headlamp control.
Front and rear courtesy/reading lamps
Rotate the lens to illuminate the
lamp.
With the lens in the flat position,
the courtesy lamp lights when:
• any door is opened.
• the headlamp control is rotated
fully counterclockwise.
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
65
Controls and features
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
Memory lock
If you lock your doors with the power lock switch or the remote
transmitter while the sliding door is open, the door will automatically
lock after it is closed.
Back cargo door lock (if equipped)
The passenger side rear cargo door
has a power door lock control
mounted on the inside of the door.
When this lock is pressed, all doors
will lock/unlock.
66
Controls and features
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
The ignition may be in any position to adjust the power side view
mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left
1. Select
mirror or
to adjust the right
mirror.
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
67
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within three seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within three seconds. The
doors will lock again, the horn will
chirp and the lamps will flash.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
68
Controls and features
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery UP. Refer to the diagram
inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter to
become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter should
operate normally after battery replacement.
69
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer if service is required.
If you purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed into memory), perform
the following procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters
yourself, place the key in the
ignition and turn from OFF to ON
eight times in rapid succession
(within 10 seconds) ending in the ON position. After doors lock/unlock,
press any control on all transmitters (up to four). With each control
press of the transmitters, the door should cycle (lock/unlock) to confirm
programming. When completed, turn the ignition to OFF. The door locks
should cycle (lock/unlock) one last time to confirm completion of
programming.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the RUN or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
70
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of
injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
71
Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
The control is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.
Press front to raise or lower the
front portion of the seat cushion.
Press rear to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
72
Seating and safety restraints
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
Using the manual lumbar support
The lumbar support control is
located on the inboard side of the
driver’s seat.
Turn the lumbar support control
clockwise to increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
counterclockwise to increase
softness.
Accessing the 3rd, 4th and 5th row seats (if equipped)
Stow the 2nd row passenger side
seat belt on the overhead hook to
make access to the rear seats easier.
73
Seating and safety restraints
To make access to the 4th and 5th
row seats easier, attach the 3rd and
4th row passenger side seat belts to
the trim panel by using the snaps
attached to the seat belt webbing
and the trim panel.
Rear bench seat
To remove the seats:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the seat by inserting a key or
small screwdriver into the slot in the
detachable anchor and lifting
upward (2nd row passenger side
only).
74
Seating and safety restraints
Stow the tongue end of the
detachable anchor (2nd row only).
2. Pull the LH/RH seat latch handles, located under the seat, rearward to
release the latch hook ends from the front strikers.
3. Move the seat rearward and lift the seats rear hooks away from the
rear strikers prior to lifting the front hooks out from the front strikers.
4. With assistance, remove the seat assembly.
• To remove the 3rd, 4th, and 5th row seats (if equipped), repeat steps
2 through 4.
To install the seat:
1. Position the seat in the vehicle.
2. Align front hooks to front strikers, prior to lowering the rear hooks
and aligning them with the rear strikers.
3. Engage the LH/RH latch rod hook ends in the front striker locking holes.
4. Rotate the LH/RH latch handles forward, and at the same time slide
the seat assembly forward to engage the strikers. Continue forward
movement until the seat reaches the end of its travel.
5. Make sure the safety belt is not twisted, then insert the seat belt
tongue into detachable anchor until you hear a “click” and feel the latch
engage (2nd row only).
75
Seating and safety restraints
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
Quick release captains chair
To remove the seats:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the seat by inserting a key or
small screwdriver into the slot in the
detachable anchor and lifting
upward.
Stow the tongue end of the
detachable anchor.
76
Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull the seat latch handle, then
pull the seat toward the right side of
the vehicle to disengage four pins
from the floor mount.
3. Remove the seat.
To install the seats:
Check to see that the seat and seatback is latched securely in
position. Keep floor area free of objects that would prevent
proper seat engagement. Never attempt to adjust the seat while the
vehicle is in motion.
1. Position the seat to the floor
mount.
2. Engage the four pins into the
floor mount hole and push the seat
toward the left side of the vehicle to
fully engage.
3. Pull the seat latch handle downward to lock the seat in position.
4. Make sure the safety belt is not twisted, then insert the seat belt
tongue into detachable anchor until you hear a “click” and feel the latch
engage.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
77
Seating and safety restraints
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
78
Seating and safety restraints
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
79
Seating and safety restraints
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
80
Seating and safety restraints
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
Safety belt pretensioner
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belt pretensioners at the driver and
front passenger seating positions.
The safety belt pretensioner is a device which removes excess webbing
from the safety belt system. The safety belt pretensioner uses the same
crash sensor system as the front air bag supplemental restraint system
(SRS). When the safety belt pretensioner deploys, webbing from the lap
and shoulder belt is tightened. The driver and front passenger seat belt
system (including retractors, buckles and height adjusters) must be
replaced if the vehicle is involved in a collision that results in
deployment of front air bags and safety belt pretensioners.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
adjuster down. To raise the height
of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjuster to make sure it is locked in
place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
81
Seating and safety restraints
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
82
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates1-2 minutes and the
warning chime sounds 4-8 seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The safety belt warning light and
indicator chime remain off.
83
Seating and safety restraints
Belt minder (if equipped)
The Belt Minder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled approximately 5
seconds after the safety belt
warning light has turned off...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the safety belt
indicator light is illuminated
and the safety belt warning
chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition
switch is turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The Belt Minder feature is activated the safety belt warning light
illuminates and the warning chime
sounds for 6 seconds every 30
seconds, repeating for approximately
5 minutes or until safety belt is
buckled.
The Belt Minder feature will not
activate.
The Belt Minder feature will not
activate.
The purpose of the Belt Minder is to remind occasional wearers to wear
safety belts all of the time.
84
Seating and safety restraints
The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given...
9Crashes are rare
events9
9I’m not going far9
9Belts are
uncomfortable9
9I was in a hurry9
9Seat belts don’t
work9
9Traffic is light9
9Belts wrinkle my
clothes9
9The people I’m with
don’t wear belts9
9I have an air bag9
9I’d rather be thrown
clear9
Consider...
36 700 crashes occur every day. The more
we drive, the more we are exposed to 9rare9
events, even for good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will
be seriously injured in a crash during our
lifetime.
3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of
home.
Ford designs its safety belts to enhance
comfort. If you are uncomfortable - try different
positions for the safety belt upper anchorage
and seatback which should be as upright as
possible; this can improve comfort.
Prime time for an accident. Belt Minder
reminds us to take a few seconds to buckle up.
Safety belts, when used properly, reduce risk
of death to front seat occupants by 45% in
cars, and by 60% in light trucks.
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in single-vehicle
crashes, many when no other vehicles are
around.
Possibly, but a serious crash can do much more
than wrinkle your clothes, particularly if you are
unbelted.
Set the example, teen deaths occur 4 times
more often in vehicles with TWO or MORE
people. Children and younger brothers/sisters
imitate behavior they see.
Air bags offer greater protection when used
with safety belts. Frontal airbags are not
designed to inflate in rear and side crashes or
rollovers.
Not a good idea, people who are ejected are
40 times more likely to DIE. Safety belts
help prevent ejection, WE CAN’T 9PICK OUR
CRASH9.
85
Seating and safety restraints
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase risk of
injury in an accident. To disable (one time) or deactivate the Belt
Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.
One time disable
Anytime the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an ignition
ON cycle, Belt Minder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the belt minder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the deactivation/
activation programming procedure.
The Belt Minder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• the parking brake is set
• the gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission).
• the ignition switch is in the OFF position
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled
• the parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
with Autolamps, this will not affect the procedure.)
To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
Minder feature while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during Belt Minder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
86
Seating and safety restraints
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
seconds.
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable Belt Minder if it is currently enabled, or enable Belt
Minder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the
safety belt warning light four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the safety
belt warning light four times per second for three seconds, followed by
three seconds with the safety belt warning light off, then followed by
flashing the safety belt warning light four times per second for three
seconds again.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
87
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
FAN HI
60
40 50
80
•
100
60
•
70
30 •
120
000005 •
40•
80
H
F
C
20
•140
20•km/h
90
10
E
0
•
0000
100
LO
H
VENT
L
18
- +
8
OFF
FLR
MIX
NORM
A/C
MAX
IVE
OVERDR
WARM A/C
COOL
P R N D 2 1
FM 1
VOL-PUSH ON
FM 1
AM
FM
RES
ON
OFF
SET
ACCEL
SEEK
ST
BAL
BASS TREB
SCAN
EJ
DOLBY 8 NR
FADE
CLK
TAPE
TUNE
REW
1
FF
2
SIDE 1-2
3
4
5
6
COAST
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford in the servicing of your vehicle
and may help Ford better understand real world collisions and further
improve the safety of future vehicles.
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
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Seating and safety restraints
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
89
Seating and safety restraints
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts unless
the collision causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
90
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
91
Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
92
Seating and safety restraints
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles (including
pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Install forward-facing convertible safety seats only in vehicle seating
positions equipped with lap-shoulder belts. Forward facing convertible
safety seats can be used in the center of the three-passenger second row
bench seat only if a top tether strap is used. Ford recommends placing
forward-facing safety seats in the second row and using safety seats with
top tether straps for added protection. For more information on top
tether straps, see Attaching safety seats with tether straps in this
section.
93
Seating and safety restraints
Any booster seat that places the vehicle’s lap belt or shoulder belt
around a shield above and ahead of the child’s hips should not be used in
this vehicle.
Do not use a forward–facing safety seat or an infant seat in the
last row of a 12– or 15–passenger Club Wagon.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
94
Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the
tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in the
buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped).
95
Seating and safety restraints
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
96
Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
97
Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
98
Seating and safety restraints
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
Children should be placed in the rear in an appropriate child
safety seat that is properly secured to the vehicle.
Rear-facing infant seats must always be secured in the rear seat.
In vehicles without a rear seat, a rear-facing infant seat should
be secured in the front seat only if your vehicle does not have a
passenger side air bag or your vehicle is equipped with a passenger air
bag deactivate switch and the switch is turned to “OFF.”
When using forward-facing child safety seats in vehicles with
only two seating positions so the forward-facing child safety seat
cannot be placed in the rear of the vehicle, move the passenger seat as
far back from the instrument panel as possible.
Front passenger seating position
The front passenger seating position does not require any tether
hardware. The tether can be attached directly to the rear of the front
seat.
99
Seating and safety restraints
1. Position the child safety seat on
the front right-hand passenger seat.
2. Adjust the front right-hand
passenger seat full forward.
3. Route the child safety seat tether
strap over the back of the front
right-hand passenger seat as shown.
4. Grasp the tether strap and
position it to the seat pedestal as
shown.
100
Seating and safety restraints
5. Rotate the tether strap as shown.
6. Clip the tether strap to the seat
pedestal as shown.
Do not clip the tether strap to the
seat pedestal as shown.
If the tether strap is clipped
incorrectly (as shown) the child
safety seat may not be retained
properly in the event of a
collision.
101
Seating and safety restraints
7. Rotate the tether strap clip as
shown.
8. Adjust the front right-hand
passenger seat to the full rearward
position.
9. Refer to the instructions in this
section under Installing child
safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating
positions to secure the child safety
seat.
10. Tighten the child safety seat
tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
For additional important safety information on the proper use of
seatbelts, child seats and infant seats, please read the entire Seating
and safety restraints chapter in this owner’s guide.
102
Seating and safety restraints
Rear seating positions
Attachment holes have been provided in your vehicle to attach anchor
hardware, if desired. Tether anchor hardware kits (Part No. 613D74)
including instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford
dealer.
• Second row bucket seats (at rear
of lower seat frame)
• 3–passenger bench seat (on rear
rail of seat cushion frame)
103
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than 10
minutes at the higher engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
104
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
If there is difficulty in turning the
3
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
5
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
2
when:
• front wheels are turned
1
• front wheel is against the curb
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
105
Starting
H
F
C
40
30 60
20
10
0
E
40
50 60
80
100
000000
H
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
18
L
90
8
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
BRAKE
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
2. If the temperature is above –12°C
(10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
seconds and try again.
4
3
5
2
1
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, Press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
106
Starting
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
107
Starting
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
108
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS)
The vehicles are equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS). A
noise from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check after you start
the engine and begin to drive away. A brief mechanical noise may be
heard during this test. This is normal. If a malfunction is found, the ABS
warning light will come on. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or
shudder in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
109
Driving
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
BRAKE
braking is still effective unless the
!
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
110
Driving
Parking brake
•Type A
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
•Type B
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. Push pedal
downward to set the parking brake.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
BRAKE
!
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
111
Driving
•Type A
Push the pedal downward again to
release the parking brake. Driving
with the parking brake on will cause
the brakes to wear out quickly and
reduce fuel economy.
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
•Type B
Pull the release lever to release the
parking brake. Driving with the
parking brake on will cause the
brakes to wear out quickly and
reduce fuel economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
112
Driving
•
•
•
•
high crown in center of road
high crosswinds
wheels out of alignment
loose or worn components in steering linkage
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
PREPARING TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Your vehicle has special design and equipment features to make it
capable of performing in a wide variety of circumstances. These special
design features, such as larger tires and increased ground clearance, give
the vehicle a higher center of gravity than a passenger car.
113
Driving
Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of vehicle rollover, personal injury and death.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling people and cargo may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Use extra caution while becoming familiar with your vehicle. Know the
capabilities and limitations of both you as a driver and your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
114
Driving
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift positions
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
115
Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift
lever is latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you
leave your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
backward. Always come to a
complete stop before shifting into
and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral), the vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold the brake
pedal down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch (TCS) on the end of the
gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on the
end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
OVERDRIVE OFF
OVERDRIVE
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch (TCS) on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift
position. The TCIL (the word OFF) will illuminate on the
in the
gearshift lever. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful
when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
116
Driving
• additional engine downhill braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer
to Driving while you tow in the Trailer towing section.
To return to
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control switch
(TCS). The TCIL (the word OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: third, second or first
gear.
Shift strategy (4R100 automatic transmission)
To account for customer driving habits and conditions, your 4R100
automatic transmission electronically controls the shift quality by using
an adaptive learning strategy. The adaptive learning strategy is
maintained by power from the battery. When the battery is disconnected
or a new battery is installed, the transmission must relearn its adaptive
strategy. Optimal shifting will resume within a few hundred kilometers
(miles) of operation.
117
Driving
If the shift quality does not improve within a few hundred
kilometers (miles) of operation, or if the downshifts and other
throttle conditions do not function normally, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician as soon as possible.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
118
Driving
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve
capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the total axle reserve capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the total axle reserve capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and Front and rear
gross axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Special loading instructions for owners of pickup trucks and
utility-type vehicles
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see the Preparing to drive your vehicle section in
the Driving chapter of this owner guide.
119
Driving
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling cargo and people may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
TRAILER TOWING
Refer to 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel Owner’s
Guide Supplement for diesel engine towing information.
Your vehicle may tow a class I, II or III trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio on the following charts.
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Maximum
Engine axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.) Frontal Area Of
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
Trailer-m2 (ft2)
Regular Van E-150
4.2L
3.55 4 536 (10 000)
2 313 (5 100)
5.52 (60)
4.6L
3.55 5 216 (11 500)
2 993 (6 600)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.55 5 443 (12 000)
3 130 (6 900)
5.52 (60)
120
Driving
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Maximum
Engine axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.) Frontal Area Of
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
Trailer-m2 (ft2)
Regular Van E-250
4.2L
3.73 4 763 (10 500)
2 359 (5 200)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73 5 897 (13 000)
3 402 (7 500)
5.52 (60)
Regular Van E-250 HD
(3 901 kg [8 600 lb.]-3 924 kg [8 650 lb.] GVW)
4.2L
4.09 4 990 (11 000)
2 586 (5 700)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73 5 897 (13 000)
3 402 (7 500)
5.52 (60)
Super Van E-250
4.2L
3.73 4 763 (10 500)
2 313 (5 100)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73 5 897 (13 000)
3 357 (7 400)
5.52 (60)
Super Van E-250 HD
(3 901 kg [8 600 lb.]-3 924 kg [8 650 lb.] GVW)
4.2L
4.09 4 990 (11 000)
2 540 (5 600)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73 5 897 (13 000)
3 356 (7 400)
5.52 (60)
Regular Van E-350
5.4L
3.55 5 443 (12 000)
2 948 (6 500)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
3 402 (7 500)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73 6 804 (15 000)
4 218 (9 300)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10 8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
Super Van E-350
5.4L
3.55 5 443 (12 000)
2 858 (6 300)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
3 311 (7 300)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73 6 804 (15 000)
4 173 (9 200)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10 8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
Club Wagon E-150 (8 passenger)
4.2L
3.55 4 536 (10 000)
2 132 (4 700)
5.52 (60)
4.6L
3.55 5 216 (11 500)
2 767 (6 100)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.55 5 443 (12 000)
2 948 (6 500)
5.52 (60)
121
Driving
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Maximum
Engine axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.) Frontal Area Of
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
Trailer-m2 (ft2)
Club Wagon Regular E-350 (12 passenger)
5.4L
3.55 5 443 (12 000)
2 722 (6 000)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
3 175 (7 000)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73 6 804 (15 000)
4 037 (8 900)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10 8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
Club Wagon Super E-350 (15 passenger)
5.4L
3.55 5 443 (12 000)
2 586 (5 700)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
3 039 (6 700)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73 6 804 (15 000)
3 901 (8 600)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10 8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
E-350 Cutaway (dual rear wheel)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
a*
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10 8 392 (18 500)
a*
5.52 (60)
E-450 Cutaway (dual rear wheel)
6.8L
4.63 9 072 (20 000)
a*
5.52 (60)
E-250/350 Stripped Chassis
(single rear wheel-124(wheelbase for E-250 only)
4.2L
4.09 4 990 (11 000)
1 090 (2 400)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
1 542 (3 400)
5.52 (60)
E-350 Stripped Chassis (dual rear wheel)
5.4L
4.10 5 897 (13 000)
1 361 (3 000)
5.52 (60)
a* Maximum trailer weight for all cutaway (E-350 and E-450) vehicles must be
calculated by subtracting the weight of the vehicle (including incomplete vehicle weight,
and payload which includes second unit body weight, cargo, and passengers) from the
GCW. Otherwise, maximum trailer weight is 4 536 kg (10 000 lbs).
b* Maximum loaded trailer weight of 4 717 kg (10 400 lbs.) on 7.3L E350 cutaways
(single rear wheel) applicable to fifth wheel trailer usage only. Otherwise, maximum
trailer weight is 4 536 kg (10 000 lbs.).
For high altitude operation reduce GCWR by 2% per 300 meters (1 000 ft) elevation.
To determine the maximum trailer weight designed for you particular vehicle as equipped,
follow the section Calculating the load your vehicle can tow/carry earlier in this chapter.
122
Driving
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Distribute the load so that only 10 to 15% of the total is on the tongue.
Tie down the load so that it does not shift and change the weight on the
hitch.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully after any towing operation.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use or install hitches that clamp onto the bumper or to the axle.
Underbody hitches are acceptable if installed properly.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains
under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are
safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.
123
Driving
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper (if equipped)
The rear bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires only a
ball with a 25.4 mm (one inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a
2 270 kg (5 000 lb.) trailer weight and 227 kg (500 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
If it is necessary to relocate the trailer hitch ball position, a
frame-mounted trailer hitch must be installed.
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• Use D (Drive) or a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills.
This will eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum
fuel economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
When descending long, steep downhill grades, always use a lower gear to
provide engine braking to save wear on brakes. Use Drive (Overdrive
OFF) on moderately steep hills, Second (2) on steep hills, and First (1)
on very steep hills.
124
Driving
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide
for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• If you will be towing a trailer frequently in hot weather, hilly
conditions, at GCW, or any combination of these factors, consider
refilling your rear axle with synthetic gear lube. Refer to the
Capacities and specifications chapter for the lubricant specification.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant anytime the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
125
Driving
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
Recreational towing (all wheels on the ground)
An example of recreational towing would be towing your vehicle on a
trip behind a Motorhome. Follow these guidelines if you have the need
for recreational towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground.
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not
damaged.
2WD vehicles (with automatic transmissions)
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral)
• Maximum speed is 56 km (35 mph)
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles)
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km (35 mph) must be
exceeded, the drive shaft will have to be removed.
Ford recommends the driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified
technician. See your local dealer for driveshaft removal/installation.
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims (for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission/transmission
vent tube is submerged may allow water into the transmission
and cause internal transmission damage.
126
Roadside emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford offers a
complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is separate
from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing to the nearest Ford of Canada or Ford Motor Company
dealership, or towing to your selling dealership if within 56 km
(35 miles). Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting
stuck in the mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such
as impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, it is found in
the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford will
reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain information about
reimbursement, call 1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or
Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140.
Call 1–800–665–2006 in Canada.
127
Roadside emergencies
Roadside coverage beyond basic warranty
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated.
128
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
behind the kick panel, except for
commercial stripped chassis
vehicles.
129
Roadside emergencies
For commercial stripped chassis
vehicles, the fuel pump shut-off
switch is located on a bracket above
the brake pedal.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
130
15
Roadside emergencies
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
131
Roadside emergencies
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
132
Fuse Amp
Passenger Compartment
Rating
Fuse Panel Description
20A
4WABS Module
15A
Brake Warning Diode/Resistor, Instrument
Cluster, Warning Chime, 4WABS Relay,
Warning Indicators
15A
Main Light Switch, RKE Module, Radio
15A
Power Locks w/RKE, Illuminated Entry,
Warning Chime, Modified Vehicle, Power
Mirrors, Main Light Switch, Courtesy Lamps
20A
RKE Module, Power Lock Switches,
Memory Lock, Power Locks with RKE
10A
Shift Interlock, Speed Control, DRL Module
10A
Multi-Function Switch, Turn Signals
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Fuse Amp
Passenger Compartment
Rating
Fuse Panel Description
30A
Radio Capacitor(s), Ignition Coil, PCM
Diode, PCM Power Relay, Fuel Heater,
Glow Plug Relay (Diesel Only)
30A
Wiper Control Module, Windshield Wiper
Motor
20A
Main Light Switch, (External Lamps)
Multi-Function Switch (Flash-to-pass)
15A
Brake Pressure Switch, Multi-Function
Switch (Hazards), RABS, Brake Pedal
Position Switch
15A
Transmission Range (TR) Sensor, Auxiliary
Battery Relay
15A
Blend Door Actuator, Function Selector
Switch
5A
Instrument Cluster (Air Bag and Charge
Indicator)
5A
Trailer Battery Charge Relay
30A
Power Seats
—
Not Used
—
Not Used
10A
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
5A
Overdrive Cancel Switch
30A
Power Windows*
15A
Memory Power Radio
20A
Cigar Lighter, Data Link Connector (DLC)
—
Not Used
10A
Left Headlamp (Low Beam)
—
Not Used
5A
Radio
20A
Power Plug
—
Not Used
15A
Headlamps (High Beam Indicator), DRL10A
10A
Right Headlamp (Low Beam), DRL
133
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
32
33
34
35
36
Fuse Amp
Rating
5A
—
10A
30A
5A
Passenger Compartment
Fuse Panel Description
Power Mirrors
Not Used
Transmission Range (TR) Sensor
RKE Module
(Cluster, A/C, Illumination, Radio), Steering
Column Assembly
37
—
Not Used
38
10A
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
39
—
Not Used
40
30A
Modified Vehicle
41
30A
Modified Vehicle
42
—
Not Used
43
20A C.B. Power Windows*
44
—
Not Used
* Either Fuse 21 or Circuit breaker 43 will be present for power
windows.
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The
power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and care chapter.
134
Roadside emergencies
H
J
G
K
27
28
F
25
26
18
10
B
E
24
17
9
16
8
A
29
19
11
1
C
20
12
3
2
21
13
15
D
14
7
23
5
6
22
4
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
—
—
10A*
5
6
7
8
9
10A*
10A*
—
60A**
30A**
10
60A**
11
12
13
30A**
60A**
50A**
Power Distribution Box Description
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
PCM Keep Alive Memory, Instrument
Cluster
Right Trailer Turn Signal
Left Trailer Turn Signal
Not Used
I/P Fuses 5, 11, 23, 38, 4, 10, 16, 22, 28
PCM Power Relay, Engine Compartment
Fuse 4
Auxiliary Battery Relay, Engine
Compartment Fuses 14, 22
IDM Relay
Engine Compartment Fuses 26, 27
Blower Motor Relay (Blower Motor)
135
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
14
Fuse Amp
Power Distribution Box Description
Rating
30A**
Trailer Running Lamps Relay, Trailer
Backup Lamps Relay
15
40A**
Main Light Switch
16
50A**
RKE Module, Auxiliary Blower Motor Relay
17
30A**
Fuel Pump Relay, IDM (Diesel)
18
60A**
I/P Fuses 40, 41
19
60A**
4WABS Module
20
20A**
Electric Brake Controller
21
50A**
Modified Vehicle Power
22
40A**
Trailer Battery Charge Relay (Modified
Vehicles Only)
23
60A**
Ignition Switch
24
—
Not Used
25
20A*
NGV Module
26
10A*
Generator/Voltage Regulator (Diesel Only)
27
15A*
DRL Module, Horn Relay
28
—
PCM Diode
29
—
Not Used
A
—
Not Used
B
—
Not Used
C
—
Trailer Backup Lamps Relay
D
—
Trailer Running Lamps Relay
E
—
Trailer Running Lamps Relay
F
—
IDM Relay
G
—
PCM Relay
H
—
Blower Motor Relay
J
—
Horn Relay
K
—
Fuel Pump Relay, IDM Relay (Diesel)
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
136
Roadside emergencies
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
The spare tire for your vehicle is stowed under the rear of your vehicle
(except cutaway and stripped chassis models).
To remove the spare tire:
1. Open both rear doors and remove
thumb screw and anti-theft bracket.
If finger pressure will not remove
the thumb screw, use the lug
wrench to loosen the screw.
2. Remove the access cover from
the rubber strip behind the left
door.
3. Remove the jack handle from the
right side compartment and insert
the tip of the jack handle through
the access hole and into the tube.
4. Turn the jack handle
counterclockwise until the cable is
slack and the tire can be slid
rearward from under the vehicle.
5. Remove the retainer from the
spare tire.
To stow the cable retainer with the spare removed, turn the jack handle
clockwise until all slack is removed.
137
Roadside emergencies
To stow the spare tire:
1. Lay the tire on the ground under the rear of the vehicle with the valve
stem facing up.
Stow aluminum wheels with valve stem facing down.
2. Install the retainer through the wheel center.
3. Raise the tire by turning the jack
handle clockwise. Continue until the
lift mechanism “clicks.”
4. Check that the tire is tightly
seated under the vehicle by pushing
against the tire. Retighten as
necessary.
5. Replace the access cover,
anti-theft bracket and thumb screw.
Use finger pressure only to secure the thumb screw.
Make sure the spare tire and jacking equipment are stowed and
secured in the proper storage location.
Never run the engine with one wheel off the ground.
Tire change procedure
Preparing to change the tire
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
1. Park on a level surface.
2. Activate the warning flashers.
3. Place the gearshift in P (Park)(automatic transmission).
138
Roadside emergencies
•Type A
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
•Type B
4. Apply the parking brake and turn
engine OFF.
5. Block the wheel that is diagonally
opposite the tire you are changing.
On E-450 vehicles, the parking
brake is on the transmission.
Therefore, the vehicle will not be
prevented from moving when a rear
wheel is lifted, even if the parking
brake is applied. Be sure to block both directions of the wheel that is
diagonally opposite to the wheel that is being lifted.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
139
Roadside emergencies
6. Remove the spare tire and jack
from the storage location.
7. Use the tapered end of the lug
nut wrench to unscrew wheel
ornaments attached by retaining
screws. Remove any wheel trim.
Insert the tapered end of the lug
nut wrench behind wheel covers or
hubcaps and twist off.
8. Loosen the wheel nut by pulling
up on the handle of the lug nut
wrench about one-half turn
(counterclockwise). Do not remove
the wheel lug nuts until you raise
the tire off the ground.
Replacing the tire
1. Assemble the jack handle sections together and lock into jack. Use the
jack handle to slide the jack under the vehicle.
To lessen the risk of personal injury, do not put any part of your
body under the vehicle while changing a tire. Do not start the
engine when your vehicle is on the jack. The jack is only meant for
changing the tire.
2. Position the jack to raise the front or rear wheel.
140
Roadside emergencies
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
Rear axle jacking points:
• All models except E-Super Duty
• E-Super Duty
141
Roadside emergencies
Front axle jacking points:
• All models
Place the jack under the pin on the
front axle.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise until the wheel is completely off the
ground.
4. Remove the lug nuts with the lug nut wrench.
5. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire.
If your vehicle has single rear wheels, thread the lug nuts on the studs
with the beveled face toward the wheel.
If your vehicle has dual rear wheels, thread the two element swiveling
lug nuts on the studs with the flange facing toward the wheel.
6. Use the lug nut wrench to screw the lug nut snugly against the wheel.
7. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
142
Roadside emergencies
8. Remove the jack and fully tighten the lug nuts in the following
pattern:
• 5-lug wheel
1
3
4
5
• 8-lug wheel
Never use wheels or lug
nuts different than the
original equipment as this could
damage the wheel or mounting
system. This damage could allow
the wheels to come off while the
vehicle is being driven.
2
1
6
7
4
3
8
5
2
9. Replace any wheel covers,
ornaments or hub caps. Make sure they are screwed or snapped in place.
10. Stow the jack, handle and lug wrench.
11. Unblock the wheels.
On vehicles equipped with dual rear wheels, retighten the wheel lug nuts
to the specified torque at 160 km (100 miles), and again at 800 km (500
miles) of new vehicle operation.
On vehicles equipped with single rear wheels, retighten the lug nuts to
the specified torque at 800 km (500 miles) of operation after any wheel
change or any time the lug nuts are loosened.
143
Roadside emergencies
Model
Bolt Size
Wheel Lug nut Torque*
Nm
Lb-ft
135
100
190
140
E-150
1/2-20
E-250, E-350 and
9/16-18
E-Super Duty
* Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt and
rust. Do not use oil or grease on threads. Use only Ford recommended
replacement fasteners.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
144
Roadside emergencies
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
145
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker
covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
146
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
147
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
148
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed by wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. However, a slingbelt with T-hooks can also be used.
If your vehicle is equipped with an air dam and must be towed from the
front, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed by wheel lift or
flatbed equipment to prevent damage to the air dam.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
149
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
150
Maintenance and care
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
HOOD
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the auxiliary latch that is
located in the center top of the grill.
3. Lift the hood and secure it with the prop rod.
151
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
Engine compartment component locations
Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel
Owner’s Guide Supplement for diesel engine component locations.
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
7
8
9
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Engine oil filler cap (except 4.2L V6 engine)
3. Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
4. Air filter assembly
5. Engine oil dipstick
6. Engine oil filler cap (4.2L V6 engine only)
7. Power steering fluid reservoir
8. Brake fluid reservoir
9. Engine coolant reservoir
10. Battery
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
152
Maintenance and care
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
153
Maintenance and care
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API certification trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
154
Maintenance and care
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
When changing the air filter element, use only the Motorcraft air filter
element listed. Refer to Motorcraft Part Numbers in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
Changing the air filter element
1. Disconnect the fresh air inlet tube
from the radiator support.
2. Loosen the clamp that secures
the two halves of the air filter
housing together.
155
Maintenance and care
3. Carefully separate the two halves
of the air filter housing.
4. Remove the air filter element
from the housing.
5. Install a new air filter element. Be careful not to crimp the filter
element edges between the air filter housing. This could cause filter
damage and allow unfiltered air to enter the engine if not properly
seated.
6. Replace the two halves of the air filter housing and secure the clamp.
7. Connect the fresh air inlet tube to the radiator support.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
156
MAX
Maintenance and care
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to
Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
157
Maintenance and care
Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling
system components.
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
Your engine’s cooling system has been factory-filled with a 50/50 mixture
of distilled water and Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10), or an equivalent premium engine coolant
that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
A 50/50 mixture of distilled water and Ford Premium Engine Coolant
provides:
• maximum cooling system efficiency.
• freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• an accurate temperature readout from the engine coolant
gauge.
The engine coolant must be maintained at the correct fluid level
and concentration to work properly. If the engine coolant fluid
level and concentration is not maintained correctly, damage to
the engine and cooling system may result.
158
Maintenance and care
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
COLD FILL LEVEL
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its
specified function and vehicle location.
159
Maintenance and care
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544-AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
reservoir. If engine coolant is sprayed onto the windshield, it
could make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir, until the coolant is at the
“cold fill level” or within the “ cold fill range” as listed in the engine
coolant reservoir (depending upon application).
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Engine coolant concentrations above 60% or below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the reservoir before you drive your vehicle the
next few times (with the engine cool). If necessary, add a 50/50
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Maintenance and care
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” or within the
“cold fill range” as listed on the reservoir (depending upon application).
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
To avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from being released from
the engine cooling system, never remove the radiator cap while
the engine is running or hot. Failure to follow this warning may result
in damage to the engine’s cooling system and possible severe personal
injury.
If you must remove the radiator cap, follow these steps to avoid personal
injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44-A. Use of a recycled engine coolant which
does not meet the Ford specification may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
161
Maintenance and care
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• it may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• it is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling (if equipped)
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
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Maintenance and care
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine begins to overheat:
• the engine coolant temperature
H
gauge will move to the red (hot)
area.
• the
and
symbol will
illuminate.
C
• the Service Engine Soon
indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset over-temperature condition, the engine
will automatically switch to alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled
cylinder acts as an air pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate. However:
• the engine power will be limited.
• the air conditioning system will be disabled.
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature and the engine
will completely shut down, causing steering and braking effort to increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high-speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Re-start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
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Maintenance and care
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
FULL COLD
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for the service interval
schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
Check the fluid level when it is at ambient temperature, 20° – 80° F (-7°
– 25° C):
1. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be between the arrows
in the FULL COLD range. Do not add fluid if the level is within this
range.
2. If the fluid level is low, start the engine.
3. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
4. Turn the engine off.
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Maintenance and care
For E-SuperDuty vehicles with the Hydro-Boost Brake System,
do not press the brake pedal after the engine has been turned
off.
5. Recheck the fluid level on the dipstick. Do not add fluid if the level is
between the arrows in the FULL COLD range.
6. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL COLD range. Be sure to put the
dipstick back in the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
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Maintenance and care
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
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Maintenance and care
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
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Maintenance and care
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
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Maintenance and care
RN
LE
TU
AD
RE
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. With your foot on the brake pedal and with the A/C on, put the
vehicle in D (Drive) and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
7. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
trim is eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock must be reset once the battery is reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
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Maintenance and care
Disconnecting dual batteries (if equipped)
The primary battery is located under the hood.
The auxiliary battery is located on the passenger side frame rail.
Gasoline engines
Disconnect:
1. Disconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
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Maintenance and care
2. Disconnect the auxiliary battery
frame ground.
• Remove the ground bolt.
• Pull the cable away from the
frame and make sure that the
cable does not contact the frame.
Connect:
1. Reconnect the auxiliary battery
frame ground.
2. Reconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
Diesel engines
Disconnect:
Secondary positive cable remains energized after disconnection.
make sure the tool does not contact any ground surface.
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Maintenance and care
1. Disconnect the secondary positive
cable from the primary battery
terminal.
2. Wrap the secondary positive cable
with a non-conductive material to
insulate.
3. Disconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
4. Disconnect the primary battery
positive cable.
Connect:
Secondary positive cable remains energized after disconnection.
make sure the tool does not contact any ground surface.
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Maintenance and care
1. Reconnect the primary battery
positive cable.
2. Reconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
3. Unwrap the secondary positive
cable and reconnect to the primary
battery terminal.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
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Maintenance and care
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
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Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
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Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels, if your vehicle is equipped with dual rear wheels it is
recommended that only the front wheels be rotated (side to side).
• Four tire rotation
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Maintenance and care
• Five tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
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Maintenance and care
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
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Maintenance and care
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician immediately,
even if no symptoms are immediately apparent. The toxic effects of
fuel may not be visible for hours.
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Maintenance and care
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
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Maintenance and care
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend the use of gasolines
(R+M)/2 METHOD
labeled as “Regular” that are sold
with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
Many of the world’s automakers issued the World-wide Fuel Charter that
recommends gasoline specifications to provide improved performance
and emission control system protection for your vehicle. Gasolines that
meet the World-wide Fuel Charter should be used when available. Ask
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Maintenance and care
your fuel supplier about gasolines that meet the World-wide Fuel
Charter.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality. These gasolines may contain oxygenates up to 10%
ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
Instrumentation chapter.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
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Maintenance and care
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
section of the Capacities and specifications chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of usable fuel remaining in the
fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
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Maintenance and care
The amount of empty reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
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Maintenance and care
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
185
Maintenance and care
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
186
Maintenance and care
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Service Engine Soon” light, charging system warning
light or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke
or loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system
is not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
187
Maintenance and care
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs (aerodynamic)
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
188
Maintenance and care
3. Push each clip tab toward the
engine compartment and lift upward
to the stop position.
4. Remove the headlamp assembly.
5. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
6. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) to free it
from the bulb socket, and slide the
ring off the plastic base. Keep the
ring to retain the new bulb.
7. Without turning, remove the old
bulb from lamp assembly by gently
pulling it straight back out of the
lamp assembly and replace.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
1. With the flat side of the bulb’s plastic base facing upward, insert the
glass end of the bulb into the lamp assembly. You may need to turn the
bulb left or right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in
the lamp assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the
socket until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly.
189
Maintenance and care
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the lamp assembly by rotating clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Install the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until it
snaps, locking it into position.
4. Install the headlamp assembly into the vehicle and secure it with the
clip tabs.
5. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
Replacing headlamp bulbs (low series)
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. Remove the two headlamp screws
and bezel from the headlamp
housing.
4. Remove the four headlamp bulb
retaining screws.
5. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb.
6. Remove the headlamp.
To install the new bulb, follow the removal procedures in reverse order.
190
Maintenance and care
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Make sure the headlamp control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. Remove two screws and pull lamp assembly away from the vehicle.
4. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove.
5. Carefully pull out the bulb
straight out of the socket and push
in new bulb.
To complete installation, follow the
removal procedures in reverse order.
Replacing high-mount brakelamp bulbs
The interior cargo lamp (if equipped) will have to be removed from
under the high-mount brakelamp assembly located inside the vehicle.
To change the high-mount
brakelamp bulbs:
1. Remove the two screws from the
high-mount brakelamp assembly.
2. Remove the bulb from the lamp
assembly by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and push in the
new bulb.
4. Install bulb socket in lamp assembly by turning clockwise.
5. Install brakelamp assembly on the vehicle with two screws.
191
Maintenance and care
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
To change the license plate bulbs:
1. Remove two screws and the
license plate lamp assembly from
the rear door.
2. Remove bulb socket from lamp
assembly by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Pull the bulb out from socket and
push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly turning it clockwise,
5. Install the lamp assembly on rear
door with two screws.
Replacing tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/turn/backup lamp
bulbs are located the tail lamp
assembly, one just below the other.
Follow the same steps to replace
either bulb:
1. Remove the four screws and the
lamp assembly from vehicle.
2. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
3. Carefully pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and push in the
new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
5. Install the lamp assembly and
secure with four screws.
192
Maintenance and care
USING THE RIGHT BULBS
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs
must be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an
“E” for Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern
and safe visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly
or void the lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn
time.
Function
Headlamps (low series)
Headlamps (high series)
Park lamp and turn signal (front)
Number of
bulbs
2
2
2
Trade number
H5054
9007
3157 NAK
(amber)
Back-up lamps
2
3156K
License plate lamp
1
168
Stop/tail/turn/side marker lamp
2
3357 K
High-mount brakelamp
2
912
Cargo lamp
1
211-2
Dome lamp (standard)
1
912
Map/reading lamp
2
211-2
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
193
Maintenance and care
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Any gasoline spilled on the vehicle or deposits such as bird droppings
should be washed and sponged off as soon as possible. Deposits not
removed promptly can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Waxing your vehicle on a regular basis will reduce minor scratches and
paint damage.
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use a cleaning fluid with a
clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing your vehicle. Use tar
remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield, or on any surfaces which appear
coarse or bumpy. If you have wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
194
Maintenance and care
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), Lacquer
Touch-up Paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or Exterior Acrylic Spray
Lacquer (#ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line.
Please note that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with
your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on
the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Never apply anything to the drive belt (including belt dressing).
195
Maintenance and care
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning non-painted plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. If
necessary, use a tar remover such as Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road
Oil Remover (B7A-19520–AA).
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades, windshield and rear window
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
196
Maintenance and care
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield or rear window such as tree sap and some
hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of
the windshield or rear window with a non-abrasive cleaner such as Ford
Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner, (E4AZ-19C507–AA), available from your
Ford Dealer. Do not use abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause
scratches. The windshield or rear window is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water. The windshield, rear window and wiper
blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
Cleaning the instrument cluster lens
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the lens.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
197
Maintenance and care
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Inside windows
Use Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside
windows if they become fogged.
198
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component* 4.2L V6
engine
Air filter
FA-1634
element
Battery
BXT-59
(standard)
Battery
BXT-65-750
(optional)
Battery
BH-65DC
(auxiliary)
Fuel filter
FG-872
Oil filter
FL-400-S
PCV valve
EV-251
Spark plugs** AGSF-34EE***
4.6L V8
engine
FA-1634
5.4L V8
engine
FA-1634
6.8L V10
engine
FA-1634
BXT-59
BXT-59
BXT-65-650
BXT-65-750
BXT-65-750 BXT-65-750
BH-65DC
BH-65DC
BH-65DC
FG-872
FL-820-S
EV-233
AWSF-32PP****
FG-872
FL-820-S
EV-233
AWSF-22E
FG-872
FL-820-S
EV-233
AWSF-22E
*Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel
Owner’s Guide Supplement for Motorcraft diesel engine service part
numbers.
**Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
***If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must be reinstalled in the
same cylinder. Cylinders No. 1, 2 and 3 have a “EG” suffix. Cylinders No.
4, 5 and 6 have a “E” suffix. If a spark plug needs to be replaced, use
only spark plugs with the service part number suffix letter 9EE9 as shown
on the engine decal.
**** If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must be reinstalled in
the same cylinder. Cylinders No. 1, 2, 3 and 4 have a “PG” suffix.
Cylinders No. 5, 6, 7 and 8 have a “P” suffix. If a spark plug needs to be
replaced, use only spark plugs with the service part number suffix letter
as shown on the engine decal.
199
Capacities and specifications
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Ford Part
Application
Capacity
Name
Brake fluid
High
All
Fill to line on
Performance
reservoir
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Engine
Motorcraft SAE All
5.7L
oil-gasoline
5W-30 Super
(6.0 quarts)
engine (includes Premium Motor
filter change)
Oil
Engine oil-diesel Refer to the 7.3L Power Stroke Direct Injection
engine (includes Turbo Diesel Owner’s Guide Supplement.
filter change)
Engine
Premium Engine 4.2L V6 engine 22.0L
coolant-gasoline Coolant
(23.3 quarts)
engine 1
4.2L V6 engine 24.0L
with aux rear
(25.4 quarts)
heat
4.6L V8 engine 23.7L
(25.0 quarts)
4.6L V8 engine 25.7L
with aux rear
(27.2 quarts)
heat
5.4L V8 engine 27.4L
(29.0 quarts)
5.4L V8 engine 29.4L
with aux rear
(31.0 quarts)
heat
6.8L V10 engine 29.0L
(30.6 quarts)
6.8L V10 engine 31.0L
with aux rear
(32.8 quarts)
heat
Engine
Refer to the 7.3L Power Stroke Direct Injection
coolant-diesel
Turbo Diesel Owner’s Guide Supplement. 1
engine
200
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Power steering
fluid
Rear axle
Fuel tank
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Refer to
Footnote 4
N/A
Application
Capacity
All
Keep in FULL
range on
dispstick
2.6-2.7L
(5.5-5.8 pints)
Ford 8.8/9.75
inch
conventional and
Traction-Lok
Dana 9.75 inch
(M60-IU)
Dana 10.5 inch
(M70-2U)
Dana 10.5 inch
(M70-1HD)
Dana 11.25 inch
(model 80)
All regular and
extended length
vans and wagons
138 inch
wheelbase
(except E-Super
Duty)
158 inch
wheelbase
(except E-Super
Duty)
176 inch
wheelbase
(except E-Super
Duty)
158 inch and
176 inch
wheelbase
(E-Super Duty)
2
3.0L
(6.3 pints) 3
3.1L
(6.6 pints) 3
3.5L
(7.5 pints) 3
3.9L
(8.25 pints) 4
132.4L
(35.0 gallons)
140.0L
(37.0 gallons)
140.0L
(37.0 gallons)
5
140.0L
(37.0 gallons)
208.0L
(55.0 gallons)
201
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Transmission
fluid 6
Windshield
washer fluid
1
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON t ATF
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
Automatic
(4R70W)
13.1L
(13.9 quarts)
7
Automatic
(4R100 except
E-Super Duty)
Automatic
(4R100 E-Super
Duty)
All
15.0L
(15.9 quarts)
7
15.5L
(16.4 quarts)
7
4.0L
(4.2 quarts)
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
If your vehicle’s rear axle is filled with a synthetic rear axle lubricant it
is considered lubricated for life. These lubricants do not need to be
checked or changed unless a leak is suspected, service is required or the
axle assembly has been submerged in water. The axle lubricant should
be changed any time the rear axle has been submerged in water.
Fill 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below bottom of fill hole.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A, for complete refill
of 8.8 inch and 9.75 inch Traction-Lok axles.
3
Fill Dana rear axles to 6 mm to 19 mm (1/4 inch to 3/4 inch) below
bottom of fill hole.
4
Ford conventional and Traction-Lok axles require Motorcraft SAE
75W-140 Synthetic Rear Axle Lubricant F1TZ-19580-B or equivalent
meeting Ford specification WSL-M2C192-A. Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of
Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or equivalent meeting Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A. Dana conventional and limited-slip axles
(E250/350/450)require Motorcraft SAE 80W-90 Premium Rear Axle
Lubricant XY-80W90-QL or equivalent meeting Ford specification
WSP-M2C197-A. Add 177ml (6 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier
C8AZ-19B546-A or equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A.
202
Capacities and specifications
5
Optional fuel tank 208L (55 gallon).
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine
the correct service interval.
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCONt and MERCONt V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCONt type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCONt V type fluid.
MERCONt and MERCONt V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCONt and MERCONt V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCONt may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
7
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
6
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Brake fluid
Door
weatherstrips
Engine coolant
Ford part
name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Silicone
Lubricant
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Ford part
number
C6AZ-19542-AB
Ford
specification
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
F7AZ-19G208-BA ESR-M13P4-A
and
F5AZ-19553-AA
E2FZ-19549-AA ESE-M97B44-A
(in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-8-B)
203
Capacities and specifications
Item
Ford part
Ford part
Ford
name
number
specification
Engine
Motorcraft SAE XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
oil-gasoline
5W-30 Super
with API
engine
Premium Motor
Certification
Oil
Mark
Engine oil-diesel Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct
engine
Injection Turbo Diesel Owner’s Guide Supplement.
Hinges, latches, Multi-Purpose
D0AZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-B or
Striker plates,
Grease
or
ESR-M1C159-A
fuel filler door
F5AZ-19G209-AA
hinge, and seat
tracks
Lock cylinders
Penetrating and E8AZ-19A501-B
none
Lock Lubricant
Power steering Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
fluid
MERCONt ATF
Automatic
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
transmission
MERCONt ATF
(4R100) 1
Automatic
Motorcraft
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
tranmission
MERCONtV
(4R70W) 1
ATF
Disc brake
Silicone Brake
D7AZ-19A331-A ESE-M1C171-A
caliper rails
Caliper Grease
(Motorcraft
and Dielectric
WA-10)
Compound
Parking brake
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
assembly
MERCONt
(E-Super Duty) Automatic
Transmission
Fluid
Ford
Motorcraft SAE F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
conventional and 75W-140 High
Traction-Lok
Performance
axles (E-150) 2 Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
204
Capacities and specifications
Item
Ford part
name
Dana
Motorcraft SAE
conventional and 80W-90
Traction-Lok
Premium Rear
axles
Axle Lubricant
(E-250/350/450)
Windshield
Ultra-clear
washer fluid
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Ford part
number
XY-80W90-QL
Ford
specification
WSP-M2C197-A
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
1
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine
the correct service interval.
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCONt and MERCONt V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCONt type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCONt V type fluid.
MERCONt and MERCONt V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCONt and MERCONt V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCONt may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
2
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill
of Ford Traction-Lok rear axles.
3
Add 237 ml (6 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill
of Dana Traction-Lok rear axles.
205
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
4.2L V6
engine
Cubic inches 256
Required
87 octane
fuel
1-4-2-5-3-6
Firing order
Engine*
Spark plug
gap
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.0520.056 inch)
EDIS
Ignition
system
Compression 9.3:1
ratio
4.6L V8
engine
281
87 octane
5.4L V8
engine
330
87 octane
6.8L V10
engine
415
87 octane
1-3-7-26-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.0520.056 inch)
EDIS
1-3-7-26-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.0520.056 inch)
Coil on plug
1-6-5-10-27-3-8-4-9
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.0520.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.0:1
9.0:1
9.0:1
*Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel
Owner’s Guide Supplement for diesel engine information.
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Van/wagon models
(1) Overall height
(2) Track front/rear
(3) Overall width
(excluding mirrors)
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Overall length
206
E-150
E-250
E-350
2 054.8 mm
2 118.4 mm
2 136.1 mm
(80.9 in)
(83.4 in)
(84.1 in)
1 762.8 mm (69.4 in)/ 1 701.8 mm (67.0 in)
2 014.2 mm (79.3 in)
3 505 mm (138 in)
Regular van, 5 379.7 mm (211.8 in) Supervan,
5 892.8 mm (232.0 in)
Capacities and specifications
1
2
3
4
5
207
Capacities and specifications
Cutaway/commercial stripped chassis models
(1) Overall
height
(2) Track
front/rear
E-250
E-350
E-Super Duty
Refer to Body Builder for specifications
1 762.8 mm
(69.4 in)/
1 701.8 mm
(67.0 in)
1 762.8 mm
1 762.8 mm
(69.4 in)/
(69.4 in)/
SRW
1 973.6 mm
1 701.8 mm
(77.7 in)
(67.0 in),
DRW
1 859.3 mm
(73.2 in)
Refer to Body Builder for specifications.
(3) Overall
width (excluding
mirrors)
(4) Wheelbase
3 149.6 mm
(124 in)
(5) Overall
length
208
3 505 mm
4 013 mm
(158 in)
(138 in)
4 013 mm
4 470 mm
(158 in)
(176 in)
4 470 mm
(176 in)
Refer to Body Builder for specifications.
Capacities and specifications
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
Complete Ford built vehicles
The vehicle identification number is attached to your vehicle in the
following places:
• On the metal tag attached to the top of the instrument panel on the
driver’s side.
• On the certification label. This
label is required by the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration and is made of
special material. If it is tampered
with, it will be destroyed or a
destruction pattern will appear.
Incomplete vehicles
On completed derivations of incomplete vehicles, the certification label is
affixed at a location determined by a subsequent stage manufacturer of
the completed vehicle. In these cases the completed vehicle is
manufactured in two or more stages by two or more separate
manufacturers.
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Customer assistance
Ford Extended Service Plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items)
• protection against repair costs after your Bumper to Bumper Warranty
expires
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln/
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules vary. See your
dealer for details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln/Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options.
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. When you need warranty repairs your selling dealer
would like you to return to it for that service, but you may also take your
vehicle to another Ford Motor Company dealership authorized for
warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs require special training
though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs.
That means that depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle
may need to be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not
assist you, then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
210
Customer assistance
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Assistance Center.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada dealerships also carry quality
parts and accessories, providing you with equipment reliability.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
211
Customer assistance
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Assistance Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the
Mediation/Arbitration Program (Canada).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
212
Customer assistance
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. only)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance as designed
concerns on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln
Mercury light trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written
new vehicle warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
213
Customer assistance
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
214
Customer assistance
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
#6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. Oral presentation may
be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
215
Customer assistance
You may also contact the North American Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or
by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces, except
Quebec. For more information, without charge or obligation, call your
CAMVAP Provincial Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
216
Customer assistance
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD CAR CARE PRODUCTS FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your dealer to clean your
vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products have been
specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom
designed to complement the style and appearance of your vehicle. Each
product is made from high quality materials and that meet or exceed
Ford’s rigid specifications. For best results, use the following or products
of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only)
217
Customer assistance
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of Ford accessories are available for your vehicle
through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln Mercury or Ford of Canada
dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically engineered to
fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to complement
the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each
accessory is made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds
Ford’s rigid engineering and safety specifications. Ford accessories are
warranted for up to 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) on all cars
and light trucks and 12 months with unlimited distance on medium/heavy
duty trucks unless the accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the
warranty becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty or the
accessories warranty, whichever is greater. See your dealer for complete
warranty information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Remote keyless entry
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
218
Customer assistance
Comfort and convenience
Air conditioner
Engine block heaters
Tire step
Travel equipment
Console (Engine cover)
Daytime running lights
Heavy-duty battery
Inside mirror, electrochromic with compass (with and without
temperature display)
Removable luggage rack
Removable luggage rack adapters
Running boards
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Trailer hitch
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full)
Hood deflectors
Lubricants and oils
Side window air deflectors
Step bumpers
Touch-up paint
219
Customer assistance
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
220
Customer assistance
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
221
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
222
Index
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ..........................88
and child safety seats ..............90
description ................................88
disposal ......................................93
driver air bag ............................90
indicator light ......................12,92
operation ...................................90
passenger air bag .....................90
Air cleaner filter ................155,199
Air conditioning ..........................18
Ambulance packages ....................4
Antifreeze
(see Engine coolant) ................158
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) .......................109,110
Audio system (see Radio) .........25
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive .................................115
fluid, adding ............................165
fluid, checking ........................165
fluid, refill capacities ..............200
fluid, specification ..................206
Auxiliary power point .................24
Axle
lubricant specifications ...203,206
refill capacities ........................200
traction lok ..............................113
Battery .......................................167
acid, treating emergencies .....167
charging system
warning light .............................12
disconnecting ..........................170
jumping a disabled battery ....144
maintenance-free ....................167
replacement, specifications ...199
servicing ..................................167
voltage gauge ............................16
Belt minder .................................84
Brakes ........................................109
anti-lock ............................109,110
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light ......................10,110
brake warning light ..................10
fluid, checking and adding ....156
fluid, refill capacities ..............200
fluid, specifications ..........203,206
lubricant specifications ...203,206
shift interlock ..........................114
Break-in period .............................3
Capacities for refilling fluids ....200
Cassette tape player ...................36
Child safety restraints ................94
child safety belts ......................94
Child safety seats ........................95
in front seat ..............................96
in rear seat ................................96
tether anchorage hardware .....99
Cleaning your vehicle ...............193
engine compartment ..............195
exterior .............................195,198
exterior lamps .........................196
instrument panel ....................197
instrument panel lens ............197
interior .....................................197
plastic parts ............................196
safety belts ..............................198
washing ....................................194
waxing .....................................194
wheels ......................................195
windows ..................................198
wiper blades ............................196
Climate control (see Air
conditioning or Heating) ............18
Clock .............................28,35,45,55
Controls
power seat .................................72
Coolant
checking and adding ..............158
refill capacities .................161,200
specifications ...................203,206
Cruise control
(see Speed control) ....................59
223
Index
Customer Assistance ................127
Ford accessories
for your vehicle ......................217
Ford Extended
Service Plan ............................210
Getting assistance outside
the U.S. and Canada ..............216
Getting roadside assistance ...127
Getting the
service you need ....................210
Ordering additional
owner’s literature ...................221
The Dispute
Settlement Board ...................213
Utilizing the Mediation/
Arbitration Program ...............216
Daytime running lamps
(see Lamps) ................................17
Dipstick
automatic
transmission fluid ...................165
engine oil .................................152
Doors
lubricant specifications ..........203
Driveline universal joint
and slip yoke .............................167
Driving under special
conditions
through water .........................126
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................144
Emission control system ..........186
Engine ........................................206
check engine/
service engine soon light .........10
cleaning ...................................195
coolant .....................................158
diesel ...........................................5
fail-safe coolant ......................162
idle speed control ...................167
lubrication
specifications ...................203,206
224
refill capacities ........................200
service points ..........................152
starting after a collision .........128
Engine block heater .................106
Engine oil ..................................152
checking and adding ..............152
dipstick ....................................152
filter, specifications .........154,199
recommendations ...................154
refill capacities ........................200
specifications ...................203,206
Exhaust fumes ..........................107
Fail safe cooling ........................162
Fluid capacities .........................200
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles
preparing to drive your
vehicle .....................................113
Fuel ............................................179
calculating fuel economy .......183
cap ...........................................182
capacity ...................................200
choosing the right fuel ...........181
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................186
detergent in fuel .....................182
filling your vehicle
with fuel ....................179,182,183
filter, specifications .........183,199
fuel pump shut-off switch .....128
gauge .........................................14
improving fuel economy ........183
octane rating ....................181,206
quality ......................................181
running out of fuel .................182
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................179
Fuses ...................................130,131
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............182
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) .................183
Gauges .........................................14
battery voltage gauge ...............16
Index
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................15
engine oil pressure gauge ........15
fuel gauge ..................................14
odometer ...................................16
speedometer .............................14
trip odometer ............................16
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .....118
calculating ...............................120
definition .................................118
driving with a heavy load ......118
location ....................................118
GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) .............118
calculating ........................118,120
definition .................................118
driving with a heavy load ......118
location ....................................118
Hazard flashers .........................128
Headlamps ...................................17
aiming ......................................193
bulb specifications ..................193
daytime running lights .............17
flash to pass ..............................18
high beam ............................13,17
replacing bulbs ................188,190
turning on and off ....................17
warning chime ..........................14
Heating ........................................18
auxiliary heater and air
conditioner ................................23
heater only system ...................18
heating and
air conditioning system ............20
Hood ..........................................151
Ignition .......................................206
positions of the ignition ...........58
Infant seats (see Safety seats) ..95
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ..............................187
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................197
cluster .................................10,197
lighting up
panel and interior .....................18
location of components ............10
Jump-starting your vehicle ......144
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............14
positions of the ignition ...........58
Lamps
bulb replacement
specifications chart ................193
cargo lamps ...............................18
daytime running light ...............17
headlamps .................................17
headlamps, flash to pass ..........18
instrument panel, dimming .....18
interior lamps ...........................65
replacing bulbs ..188,190,191,192
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................59
Lights, warning and indicator ....10
air bag ........................................12
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .....10,110
brake ..........................................10
charging system ........................12
check coolant ............................13
engine oil pressure ...................13
high beam .................................13
safety belt .................................12
service engine soon ..................10
turn signal indicator .................13
Load limits .................................118
GAWR ......................................118
GVWR ......................................118
trailer towing ..........................118
Loading instructions .................119
Lubricant specifications ....203,206
Lumbar support, seats ...............73
Mirrors
side view mirrors (power) .......67
225
Index
Motorcraft parts .................183,199
Octane rating ............................181
Odometer .....................................16
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................152
Overdrive .....................................64
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................68
Parking brake ............................111
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....199
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................134
Power door locks ........................66
Power steering ..........................112
fluid, checking and adding ....164
fluid, refill capacity ................200
fluid, specifications ..........203,206
Preparing to
drive your vehicle .....................113
Radio ............................................25
Relays .................................130,137
Remote entry system ............67,68
illuminated entry ......................70
locking/unlocking doors ...........68
panic alarm ...............................68
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................70
replacing the batteries .............69
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ................13,77,79,80,81
Safety defects, reporting ..........222
Safety restraints ...........77,79,80,81
belt minder ...............................84
cleaning the safety belts ...87,198
extension assembly ..................83
for adults .........................79,80,81
for children ..........................93,94
lap belt ......................................82
warning
light and chime ...............12,13,83
Safety seats for children ............95
Seat belts
(see Safety restraints) ...............77
226
Seats ............................................71
child safety seats ......................95
Servicing your vehicle ..............150
Spark plugs,
specifications ......................199,206
Special notice ................................3
ambulance conversions ..............4
diesel-powered vehicles .............5
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart,
lubricants ............................203,206
Speed control ..............................59
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle .........104,106
jump starting ..........................144
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................63
Tilt steering wheel ......................63
Tires ......................137,174,175,176
changing ...........................137,138
checking the pressure ............176
replacing ...........................140,177
rotating ....................................176
snow tires and chains ............178
tire grades ...............................175
treadwear ................................175
Towing ................................120,176
recreational towing .................126
trailer towing ..........................120
wrecker ....................................149
Traction-lok rear axle ...............113
Transmission .............................114
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................165
fluid, refill capacities ..............200
lubricant specifications ...203,206
Transmission
control indicator light .................12
Trip odometer .............................16
Turn signal .............................13,59
Vehicle dimensions ...................206
Index
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ...........................209
Vehicle loading ..........................118
Ventilating your vehicle ...........108
Warning chimes ......................13,14
Warning lights (see Lights) .......10
Washer fluid ..............................157
Water, Driving through .............126
Windows
power .........................................65
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....157
checking and cleaning ............173
operation ...................................63
replacing wiper blades ...........174
Wrecker towing .........................149
227
228
229
230
Filling station information
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
Refer to Refill capacities in the
Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Engine oil capacity-gasoline engine 5.7L (6.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
(includes filter change)
SAE 5W-30 Super Premium Motor
Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Engine oil capacity-diesel engine
Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power
Stroke Direct Injection Turbo
Diesel Owner’s Guide
Supplement.
Tire size and pressure
Refer to the Certification Label on
driver’s door panel.
Hood release
Pull handle under the left side of
the instrument panel.
1
Refer to Refill capacities in the
Coolant capacity-gasoline engine
Capacities and specifications
chapter.
1
Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power
Coolant capacity-diesel engine
Stroke Direct Injection Turbo
Diesel Owner’s Guide
Supplement.
Power steering fluid capacity
Fill to line on reservoir. Use
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
13.1L (13.9 quarts). Use
Automatic transmission fluid
Motorcraft MERCONt V ATF. 3
capacity-4R70W 2
Automatic transmission fluid
15.0L (15.9 quarts). Use
capacity-4R100 except E-Super
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF. 3
2
Duty
Automatic transmission fluid
15.5L (16.4 quarts). Use
capacity-4R100 E-Super Duty 2
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF. 3
Windshield washer fluid
4.0L (4.2 quarts). Use Ultra-Clear
Windshield Washer Concentrate.
231
Filling station information
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. Check the container to verify the fluid being added is of the
correct type. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine
the correct service interval.
Some transmission fluids may be labeled as dual usage, such as
MERCONt and MERCONt V. These dual usage fluids are not to be used
in an automatic transmission that requires use of the MERCONt type
fluid. However, these dual usage fluids may be used in transmissions that
require the MERCONt V type fluid.
MERCONt and MERCONt V type fluids are not interchangeable.
DO NOT mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Use of a transmission
fluid that indicates dual usage (MERCONt and MERCONt V) in
an automatic transmission application requiring MERCONt may
cause transmission damage. Use of any fluid other than the
recommended fluid may cause transmission damage.
3
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
232