Echo 2410 - Type 1E Trimmer User Manual

Hedge Clipper
Operator's Manual
MODELS:
HC-1500 - Type 1E
HC-1500 - Type 2E
HC-1600 - Type 1E
HC-2000 - Type 1E
HC-2400, 2410 - Type 1E
HC-2400, 2410 - Type 2E
WARNING
Serial
Serial
Serial
Serial
Serial
Serial
Number
Number
Number
Number
Number
Number
001001
001001
001001
001001
001001
001001
&
&
&
&
&
&
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
DANGER
Read rules for safe operation and all instructions carefully. ECHO provides this
Operator's Manual and a Safety Manual. Both must be read and understood for
proper and safe operation.
X7502249003
89865013263
12/00
2
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the ECHO family. This ECHO product was designed and manufactured to provide long life and on-the-jobdependability. Read and understand this manual and the SAFETY MANUAL you found in the same package. You will
find both easy to use and full of helpful operations tips and SAFETY messages.
WARNING
DANGER
Read rules for safe operation and instructions carefully. ECHO provides an Operator's Manual and a Safety Manual.
Both must be read and understood for proper and safe operation.
THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL
contains specifications and information for operation, starting,
stopping, maintenance, storage and assembly specific to this product.
THE SAFETY MANUAL
explains possible hazards involved with the use of Hedge Clippers and
what measures you should take to make their use safer.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ............................................................... 2
- The Operator's Manual ....................................... 2
- The Safety Manual ............................................. 2
Manual Safety Symbols and Important Information ..... 3
Safety ......................................................................... 3
- Decals ................................................................. 3
- International Symbols ........................................ 4
- Equipment .......................................................... 4
- Fuel ..................................................................... 5
- Personal Condition and Safety Equipment ......... 5
- Safe Operation .................................................... 7
- Extended Operation/Extreme Conditions ............ 8
Description ................................................................ 9
- Contents ............................................................. 9
- Emissions Control .............................................. 9
Specifications .......................................................... 12
- Models HC-1500/1600/2000/2400/2410 ............. 12
Assembly ................................................................. 12
Pre-Operation ........................................................... 13
- Fuel ................................................................... 13
- Equipment Check .............................................. 15
- Determine Operation Area ................................ 15
Operation ................................................................. 16
- Starting Cold Engine ......................................... 16
- Starting Warm Engine ...................................... 17
CopyRight© 2000 By Echo, Incorporated
All Rights Reserved.
- Stopping Engine ............................................... 18
Maintenance ............................................................ 18
- Skill Levels ........................................................ 18
- Maintenance Intervals ...................................... 19
- Air Filter ........................................................... 20
- Fuel Filter .......................................................... 20
- Spark Plug ........................................................ 21
- Cooling System ................................................ 21
- Exhaust System ................................................ 22
- Carburetor Adjustment Emission ..................... 23
- Carburetor Adjustment Non Emission ............. 24
- Lubrication ....................................................... 25
- Blade Stiffener Remove/Install ......................... 27
- Sharpening Blades ............................................ 28
Troubleshooting ...................................................... 29
Storage ..................................................................... 30
Servicing Information .............................................. 32
- Parts .................................................................. 32
- Service .............................................................. 32
- Warranty Card .................................................. 32
- Additional or Replacement Manuals ................ 32
- Manual Ordering Instructions .......................... 32
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this
literature are as accurate as known at the time of publication, but are subject to change without notice. Illustrations may include optional equipment and accessories,
and may not include all standard equipment.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
MANUAL SAFETY SYMBOLS AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Throughout this manual and on the product itself, you will find safety
alerts and helpful, information messages preceded by symbols or key
words. The following is an explanation of those symbols and key words
and what they mean to you.
This symbol accompanied by the words WARNING and
DANGER calls attention to an act or condition that can lead to
serious personal injury to operator and bystanders.
The circle with the slash symbol means whatever is shown
within the circle is prohibited.
IMPORTANT
The enclosed message provides
information necessary for the protection of the unit.
NOTE
This enclosed message provides tips
for use, care and maintenance of the
unit.
SAFETY
DECALS
Locate these safety decals on your unit. The complete unit illustration found in the "DESCRIPTION" section, will help
you locate them. Make sure the decals are legible and that you understand and follow the instructions on them. If a
decal cannot be read, a new one can be ordered from your ECHO dealer. See PARTS ORDERING instructions for
specific information.
ALL HEDGE CLIPPER MODELS
P/N X505000270
HC-2000, HC-2400, HC-2410 ONLY
HC-1500, HC-1600 ONLY
P/N X505000290
3
4
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Fuel and oil mixture
Read and understand
owners manual.
Wear eyes, ears and
head protection
Finger Severing
Emergency stop
Hot
Surface
DO NOT smoke
near fuel.
Wear hand protection. Use two handed.
Ignition
Engine choke
control.
Chain lubrication
Symbol form/shape
Ignition
ON/OFF
Do not operate
without guards
in place.
EQUIPMENT
Before operation a complete check of the unit must be performed;
• Check unit for loose/missing nuts, bolts and screws. Tighten and/or
replace as needed.
• Inspect fuel lines, tank and area around carburetor for fuel leaks. DO
NOT operate unit if leaks are found.
• Never adjust blades when the engine is operating.
• Inspect hand guard for damage. Replace if damaged or missing.
• Check that the blade assembly is firmly attached and in safe operating
condition. Dull, loose or damaged blades should not be used.
• ECHO, INC. will not be responsible for the failure of cutting devices
or accessories which have not been tested and approved by ECHO
for use with this unit.
Symbol
description/application
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Carburetor adjustment
- Low speed mixture
Carburetor adjustment
- High speed mixture
Safety/Alert
Carburetor adjustment
- Idle speed
Avoid all power
lines. This unit is not
insulated against
electrical current.
Do not operate closer than 15 M (50 ft.)
from electrical hazards.
Plan retreat path
from falling
objects.
Primer bulb
DO NOT allow
flames or sparks
near fuel.
Wear slip resistant
foot wear.
Keep bystanders at least
4.5 meters (15 feet) away.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
FUEL
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or
handling or serious personal injury may result.
• Use an approved fuel container.
• DO NOT smoke near fuel.
• DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel.
• Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel caps
slowly allowing pressure to equalize.
• NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT!
• NEVER refuel a unit with the engine running.
• DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks outdoors
over bare ground.
• Securely tighten fuel cap after refueling.
• Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or
operate unit until leakage is repaired.
IMPORTANT
Spilled fuel is a leading cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Some
states may require the use of automatic fuel shut-off containers to
reduce fuel spillage. Contact your ECHO dealer for ordering
information.
After Refueling;
• Wipe any spilled fuel from the unit.
• Move at lease 3 m (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting the
engine.
3 m (10 ft.)
After use;
• DO NOT store a unit with fuel in its tank. Leaks can occur. Return
unused fuel to an approved fuel storage container.
PERSONAL CONDITION AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT
WARNING
DANGER
Hedge Clipper users risk injury to themselves and others if the hedge clipper is used improperly and or safety
precautions are not followed. Proper clothing and safety gear must be worn when operating a hedge clipper.
5
6
Physical Condition -Your judgment and physical dexterity may not be good:
• if you are tired or sick,
• if you are taking medication,
• if you have taken alcohol or drugs
Operate unit only if you are physically and mentally well.
Eye Protection -Eye protection that meet ANSI Z87.1 or CE requirements must be worn
whenever you operate the Hedge Clipper.
Hand Protection -Wear no-slip, heavy duty work gloves to improve your grip on the
handles. Gloves also reduce the transmission of machine vibration to
your hands.
Hearing Protection -Wear hearing protection. ECHO recommends wearing hearing protection whenever unit is used.
Proper Clothing -Wear snug fitting, durable clothing;
• Pants should have long legs, shirts with long sleeves.
• DO NOT WEAR SHORTS,
• DO NOT WEAR TIES, SCARFS, JEWELRY.
Wear protective hair covering to contain long hair.
Wear sturdy work shoes with nonskid soles;
• DO NOT WEAR OPEN TOED SHOES,
• DO NOT OPERATE UNIT BAREFOOTED.
Wear no-slip, heavy duty work gloves.
Hot Humid Weather -Heavy protective clothing can increase operator fatigue which may
lead to heat stroke. Delay heavy work until temperature drops.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
SAFE OPERATION
Determine Operation Area
• Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated
areas.
• Review the area to be trimmed. Look for hazards that could contribute
to unsafe conditions.
• Spectators and fellow workers must be warned, and children and
animals prevented from coming nearer than 4.5 m (15 ft.) while the
Hedge Clipper is in use.
• Provide all users of this equipment with the Operator's Manual and
instructions for Safe Operation.
Operation
Use Proper Clothing & Equipment
• Before starting the unit, equip yourself and any other personworking
within the 4.5 m (15 ft.) Safety Zone with the required Protective
Equipment and clothing.
Keep a Solid Stance
• Maintain footing and balance at all times. Do not stand on slippery,
uneven or unstable surfaces. Do not work in odd positions or on
ladders. Do not over reach.
Keep a Firm Grip
• Hold the front and rear handles with both hands, with thumbs and
fingers tightly encircling the handles.
Avoid Hot Surfaces
• During operation, the complete unit, especially the power head,
muffler area and cutting attachment may become very hot, too hot to
touch. Avoid contact during and immediately after operation.
4.5
m
(15
ft.)
7
8
EXTENDED OPERATION/EXTREME CONDITIONS
Vibration and Cold
It is believed that a condition called Raynaud’s Phenomenon, which
affects the fingers of certain individuals may be brought about by
exposure to vibration and cold. Exposure to vibration and cold may
cause tingling and burning sensations followed by loss of color and
numbness in the fingers. The following precautions are strongly
recommended because the minimum exposure which might trigger the
ailment is unknown.
• Keep your body warm, especially the head, neck, feet, ankles, hands
and wrists.
• Maintain good blood circulation by performing vigorous armexercises
during frequent work breaks and also by not smoking.
• Limit the hours of operation. Try to fill each day with jobs where
operating the trimmer or other hand-held power equipment is not
required.
• If you experience discomfort, redness and swelling of the fingers
followed by whitening and loss of feeling, consult your physician
before further exposing yourself to cold and vibration.
Repetitive Stress Injuries
It is believed that overusing the muscles and tendons of the fingers,
hands, arms and shoulders may cause soreness, swelling, numbness,
weakness and extreme pain in those areas. Certain repetitive hand
activities may put you at a high risk for developing a Repetitive Stress
Injury (RSI). An extreme RSI condition is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
(CTS), which could occur when your wrist swells and squeezes a vital
nerve that runs through the area. Some believe that prolonged exposure to vibration may contribute to CTS. CTS can cause severe pain for
months or even years.
To reduce the risk of RSI/CTS, do the following:
• Avoid using your wrist in a bent, extended or twisted position.
Instead try to maintain a straight wrist position. Also, when grasping,
use your whole hand, not just the thumb and index finger.
• Take periodic breaks to minimize repetition and rest your hands.
• Reduce the speed and force with which you do the repetitivemovement.
• Do exercises to strengthen the hand and arm muscles.
• Immediately stop using all power equipment and consult a doctor if
you feel tingling, numbness or pain in the fingers, hands, wrists or
arms. The sooner RSI/CTS is diagnosed, the more likely permanent
nerve and muscle damage can be prevented.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
DESCRIPTION
EMISSION CONTROL - Emissions Models
The ECHO product you purchased has been factory
pre-assembled for your convenience.
The emission control system for this engine is EM (Engine
Modification).
After opening the carton, check for damage. Immediately notify your retailer or ECHO Dealer of damaged
or missing parts. Use the contents list to check for
missing parts.
CONTENTS
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__ 1
__
__
__
__ 1
-
Hedge Clipper Assembly
Operators Manual
Safety Manual
Warranty Statement
Warranty Registration Card
Plastic Bag
- T-Wrench
- 8 mm x 10 mm Open end Wrench
- Bottle 2.6 oz. 2-Cycle Oil
- Blade Cover
IMPORTANT ENGINE INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY : TEH021UB24RA
DISPLACEMENT : 21.2cc
THIS ENGINE MEETS U.S. EPA PHI AND 1995 - 1999
CALIFORNIA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR ULGE
ENGINES. REFER TO OWNER’S MANUAL FOR
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS.
Emission Control Label (located on Engine) (EXAMPLE
ONLY, information on label varies by FAMILY).
IMPORTANT This spark ignition system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
9
10
1
2
12
3
13
10
6
20
15 14
7
8
HC-1500, 1600
11
16
9
4
8
7
14
13
5
18
12
17
HC-2000, 2400, 2410
6
10
16
15
11
19
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
11
1.
SAFETY MANUAL - Read and understand this manual before operation. Keep manual in a safe location of
safe operating techniques.
2.
OPERATOR'S MANUAL - Read and understand this manual before operation. Keep manual in a safe
location for future reference, i.e., operation, maintenance, storage and specifications.
3.
POWER HEAD - Factory Assembled to the gear housing assembly. Includes the Engine, Clutch, Fuel
System, Ignition System and Recoil Starter.
4.
REAR HANDLE - HC-1500, 1600. Contains the Stop Switch, Throttle Lockout and Throttle Trigger.
5.
LEFT HAND REAR HANDLE - HC-2000, 2400, 2410. Contains the Stop Switch, Throttle Lockout and
Throttle Trigger.
6.
FRONT HANDLE / GUARD HC-1500, 1600. Comfortable, textured finish provides anti-slip grip for front hand. Guard protects hand from
the blades. Warning decals are located on guard.
HC-2000, 2400 and HC-2410. Right Hand Handle, Rubber anti-slip grip, guard protects hand from the blades.
Warning decals are located on guard.
7.
STOP SWITCH HC-1500. "TOGGLE SWITCH" located on the left side of the rear handle. Move switch UP to RUN, DOWN to STOP.
HC-1600, HC-2000, 2400, 2410 "SLIDE SWITCH" mounted on top of the left hand rear handle. Move switch FORWARD to RUN, BACK to STOP.
8.
THROTTLE TRIGGER LOCKOUT - This lever must be depressed before Throttle Trigger can be activated.
9.
THROTTLE TRIGGER - Spring loaded to return to idle when released. Trigger Lockout must be depressed fully
before Throttle Trigger will move. During acceleration, depress gradually for best operating technique.
10. BLADES - Double reciprocating blades mounted to a blade support bar. Models HC-1500, HC-1600 are double sided
blades, meaning they are capable of cutting on either side of the blade. All other models are single sided.
11. AIR CLEANER - Contains replaceable filter element.
12. PRIMER BULB - Pumping primer bulb before starting engine draws fresh fuel from the fuel tank priming the carburetor for starting. Pump primer bulb until fuel is visible and flows freely in the clear fuel tank return line. Pump bulb an
additional 4 or 5 times.
13. CHOKE - The choke control lever is located on the top of the choke case. Move to "COLD START" to close the
choke for Cold Starting. Move to "RUN" position to open choke.
14. RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Pull handle slowly until recoil starter engages, then quickly and firmly. DO NOT pull
rope all the way out or allow the handle to snap back, damage to the starter will occur.
15. FUEL TANK - Contains fuel and fuel filter.
16. FUEL TANK CAP - Covers and seals fuel tank opening.
17. SPARK PLUG - Provides spark to ignite fuel mixture.
18. MUFFLER/SPARK ARRESTOR - The muffler controls the exhaust noise while the spark arrestor prevents hot,
glowing particles of carbon from leaving the muffler where they could possibly start a fire.
19. BLADE COVER - Used to cover blades during transportation or storage. Remove blade cover before using unit.
20. SAFETY VIDEO - (Not included with unit) P/N 99922202800 English version only is available at a cost of $5.00 from
ECHO, INC. or any authorized ECHO dealer. The video overviews safety precautions and proper operating techniques and is supplemental to the Safety Manual. Read and understand the Safety Manual for complete information
on safe operation.
12
SPECIFICATIONS
MOD EL
H C -1500 1E
H C -1500 2E
H C -1600 1E
H C -2000 1E
H C -2400 1E
H C -2400 2E
H C -2410 1E
H C -2410 2E
Length
960mm
(37.8 i n.)
1133mm
(44.6 i n.)
990mm
(39.0 i n.)
1030mm
(40.6 i n.)
1280mm
(50.4 i n.)
Wi dth
225mm
(8.9 i n.)
240mm
(9.4 i n.)
240mm
(9.4 i n.)
240mm
(9.4 i n.)
240mm
(9.4 i n.)
Hei ght
190mm
(7.5 i n.)
200mm
(7.9 i n.)
230mm
(9.1 i n.)
210mm
(8.3 i n.)
210mm
(8.3 i n.)
Wei ght, dry
4.4 kg
(9.7 lb.)
5.3 kg
(11.7 lb.)
5.2 kg
(11.4 lb.)
5.2 kg
(11.4 lb.)
5.2 kg
(11.4 lb.)
Type of Engi ne
D i splacement
Ai r cooled, two-stroke, si ngle cyli nder, gasoli ne engi ne
21.2 cc
(1.29 cu.i n.)
21.2 cc
(1.29 cu.i n.)
21.2 cc
(1.29 cu.i n.)
23.6 cc
(1.44 cu.i n.)
23.6 cc
(1.44 cu.i n.)
Bore
32.2 mm
(1.27 i n.)
32.2 mm
(1.27 i n.)
32.2 mm
(1.27 i n.)
34.0 mm
(1.34 i n.)
34.0 mm
(1.34 i n.)
Stroke
26.0 mm
(1.02 i n.)
26.0 mm
(1.02 i n.)
26.0 mm
(1.02 i n.)
26.0 mm
(1.02 i n.)
26.0 mm
(1.02 i n.)
Exhaust System
Spark Arrestor Muffler
C arburetor
Zama C 1U
Igni ti on System
Flywheel Magneto, C apaci tor di scharge i gni ti on
Spark Plug
BPMR-7A (Gap 0.65 mm (0.026 i n.)
Fuel
Fuel/Oi l Rati o
Gasoli ne
Mi xed Fuel - gasoli ne and oi l
50:1 Rati o usi ng EC HO Hi -Performance, two-stroke ai r cooled engi ne oi l
89 Octane Unleaded. D o not use fuel contai ni ng methyl alcohol, more than 10%
ethyl alcohol or 15% MTBE.
Oi l
Fuel Tank C apaci ty
EC HO Hi -Performance, two-stroke ai r cooled engi ne oi l
0.3 li t.
(10.1 fl. oz)
0.5 li t.
(17.0 fl. oz)
Starter System
C utter (D ouble
Reci procati ng Blade)
Length
Idle Speed (RPM)
Wi de Open Throttle (RPM)
0.5 li t.
(17.0 fl. oz)
C entri fugal Type
1:5.88
1:5.88
1:5.88
1:5.13 1E
1:3.9 2E
1:5.13 1E
1:3.9 2E
D ouble Edge
D ouble Edge
Si ngle Edge
Si ngle Edge
Si ngle Edge
573mm
(22.6 i n.)
721mm
(28.4 i n.)
750mm
(29.5 i n.)
750mm
(29.5 i n.)
994mm
(39.1 i n.)
24mm
(0.94 i n.)
24mm
(0.94 i n.)
Pi tch
Hei ght
0.5 li t.
(17.0 fl. oz)
Automati c Recoi l Starter
C lutch
Gear C ase Rati o
0.5 li t.
(17.0 fl. oz)
35mm
21mm
(0.83 i n.)
21mm
(0.83 i n.)
(1.4 i n.)
24mm
(0.94 i n.)
3000
11,000 - 12,000
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
ASSEMBLY HC MODELS ARE PRE-ASSEMBLED IN THE BOX.
Tools Required: None
Parts Required: None
PRE-OPERATION
FUEL
Fuel Requirements
Gasoline - Use 89 Octane [ R+M
2 ] (mid grade or higher) gasoline
known to be good quality. Gasoline may contain up to 15% MTBE
(methyl tertiary-butyl ether). Gasohol containing methyl (wood)
alcohol is NOT approved.
Two Stroke Oil - A two-stroke engine oil meeting ISO-L-EGD
(ISO/CD 13738) and J.A.S.O. FC Standards, must be used. Echo
brand Premium 50:1 oil meets these standards. Engine problems
due to inadequate lubrication caused by failure to use an ISO-LEGD and J.A.S.O. FC certified oil, such as Echo Premium 50:1 Twostroke Oil, will void the two-stroke engine warranty. (Emission
related parts only are covered for two years, regardless of twostroke oil used, per the statement listed in the EPA Phase I/
California Emission Defect Warranty Explanation.)
IMPORTANT
Echo Premium 2-Stroke Oil may be mixed at 50:1 ratio for
application in all Echo engines sold in the past regardless of
ratio specified in those manuals.
Mixing Instructions
1. Fill an approved fuel container with half of the required amount
of gasoline.
2. Add 2-stroke oil to gasoline.
3. Close container and shake to mix oil with gasoline.
4. Add remaining gasoline and remix.
5. Install fuel container cap and wipe any spilled fuel from container and surrounding area.
13
14
Handling Fuel
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or
handling or serious personal injury may result.
• Use an approved fuel container.
• DO NOT smoke near fuel.
• DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel.
• Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel caps
slowly allowing pressure to equalize.
• NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT!
• NEVER refuel a unit with the engine running.
• DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks outdoors
over bare ground.
• Securely tighten fuel cap after refueling.
• Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or
operate unit until leakage is repaired.
IMPORTANT
Spilled fuel is a leading cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Some
states may require the use of automatic fuel shut-off containers to
reduce fuel spillage. Contact your ECHO dealer for ordering
information.
After Refueling;
• Wipe any spilled fuel from the unit.
• Move at lease 3 m (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting the
engine.
After use;
3 m (10 ft.)
• DO NOT store a unit with fuel in its tank. Leaks can occur. Return
unused fuel to an approved fuel storage container.
Storage - Fuel storage laws vary by locality. Contact your local
government for the laws affecting your area. As a precaution, store fuel
in an approved, air tight container. Store in a well ventilated, unoccupied building, away from sparks and flames. Do not store fuel longer
than 30 days.
IMPORTANT
Stored fuel ages. Do not mix more fuel than you expect to use in
thirty (30) days, ninety (90) days when a fuel stabilizer is added.
IMPORTANT
Stored two-stroke fuel may separate. ALWAYS shake fuel
container thoroughly before each use.
S
1
8
15
22
29
M
2
9
16
23
30
T W T F
3
4 5
6
10 11 12 13
17 18 19 20
24 25 26 27
31
S
7
14
21
28
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
EQUIPMENT CHECK
Before operation a complete check of the unit must be performed;
• Check unit for loose/missing nuts, bolts and screws. Tighten and/or
replace as needed.
• Inspect fuel lines, tank and area around carburetor for fuel leaks. DO
NOT operate unit if leaks are found.
• Never adjust blades when the engine is operating.
• Inspect hand guard for damage. Replace if damaged or missing.
• Check that the blade assembly is firmly attached and in safe operating
condition. Dull, loose or damaged blades should not be used.
DETERMINE OPERATION AREA
• Before starting the unit, equip yourself and fellow workers in the 4.5 m
(15 ft.) safety zone with the required protective equipment and
clothing.
4.5
• Review the area to be trimmed. Look for hazards that could contribute
to unsafe conditions.
• Spectators, children and animals must be prevented from coming
nearer than 4.5 m (15 Ft.) while the Hedge Clipper is in use.
m
(15
ft.)
15
16
OPERATION
• Provide all users of this equipment with the Operator's Manual and
instructions for Safe Operation.
4.5
m
• Before starting the unit, equip yourself and any other person working
within the 4.5 m (15 ft.) Safety Zone with the required Protective
Equipment and clothing.
(15
• During operation, the complete unit, especially the gear box may
become very hot, too hot to touch. Avoid contact during and
immediately after operation.
• Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated
areas.
A
STARTING COLD ENGINE
1. STOP SWITCH - START/RUN.
Move stop switch (A) away from the STOP position.
A
2. CHOKE - COLD START.
Move choke (B) to the Cold Start (CLOSED) position.
H
L
B
COLD
START
RUN
IDLE
3. PRIMER - PUMP BULB.
Pump primer bulb (C) until fuel is visible and flows freely in the clear
fuel tank return line. Pump bulb an additional 4 or 5 times.
C
ft.)
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
4. START - PULL ROPE
Lay the hedge clipper on a flat clear area and pull the recoil starter
handle (D) until engine fires.
5. OPEN CHOKE - RUN.
Move choke (B) to the RUN (OPEN) position. Restart engine if
necessary and allow unit to warm up at idle for several minutes.
WARNING
DANGER
The blades should not move at idle. If blades move, readjust
carburetor according to "Carburetor Adjustment" instructions in
this manual or see your ECHO Dealer, otherwise serious personal
injury may result.
6. After engine warm up, gradually depress throttle trigger to increase
engine RPM to operating speed.
H
L
COLD
START
RUN
IDLE
STARTING WARM ENGINE
The starting procedure is the same as Cold Start except DO NOT close
the choke.
WARNING
DANGER
The blades should not move at idle. If blades move, readjust
carburetor according to "Carburetor Adjustment" instructions in
this manual or see your ECHO Dealer, otherwise serious personal
injury may result.
1. STOP SWITCH - START/RUN
Move stop switch (A) away from the STOP position.
2. START - Pull Rope
Lay the hedge clipper on a flat clear area and pull the recoil starter
handle (D) until the engine fires.
NOTE
If engine does not start after 5 pulls, use Cold Start Procedure.
B
17
18
STOPPING ENGINE
1. RELEASE THROTTLE. Allow engine to idle for a minute.
2. STOP SWITCH - STOP. Move stop switch (A) to STOP position.
WARNING
DANGER
If engine does not stop when stop switch is moved to STOP
position, close choke - COLD START position - to stall engine.
Have your ECHO dealer repair stop switch before using hedge
clipper again.
MAINTENANCE
Your ECHO Hedge Clipper is designed to provide many hours of trouble free service. Regular scheduled maintenance will
help your Hedge Clipper achieve that goal. If you are unsure or are not equipped with the necessary tools, you may want
to take your unit to an ECHO Service Dealer for maintenance. To help you decide whether you want to DO-IT-YOURSELF or have the ECHO Dealer do it, each maintenance task has been graded. If the task is not listed, see your ECHO
Service Dealer for repairs.
SKILL LEVEL
Level 1 = Easy to do. Most required tools come with unit.
Level 2 = Moderate difficulty. Some specialized tools may be required.
Level 3 = Experience required. Specialized tools are required. ECHO recommends the
unit be returned to your ECHO dealer for servicing.
ECHO offers REPOWERTM Maintenance Kits and Parts to make your maintenance job easier. Just below each task
heading are listed the various part numbers required for that task. See your ECHO dealer for these parts.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
19
MAINTENANCE INTERVALS
Component/System
Maintenance
Procedure
Before
U se
Air Filter
Inspect/Replace
Fuel Strainer
Inspect/Replace
Fuel Line
Inspect/Replace
Carburetor
Inspect/Replace
Choke System
Inspect/Replace
Cooling System
Inspect/Clean
Muffler Spark Arrestor
Inspect/Clean/Replace
Gear Housing
Grease
Recoil Starter
Rope
Inspect/Clean
I
Fuel Leaks
Inspect/Repair
I
Spark Plug
Clean
Ignition System
Clean/Replace
Screws/Nuts/Bolts
Inspect/Tighten/Replace
Every
Refuel
I/C
Daily
or
Every
4
Hours
3
Months
o r 100
Hours
I/C
R*
I
6
Months
o r 300
Hours
Yearly
o r 600
Hours
I
R
I*
R
C
R(1)
I
I/C
I/C
I/C
R
I (2)
I*
I
I*
I/C
R*
No Maintenance required for coil and flyw heel
I*
I = INSPECT, R = REPLACE, C = CLEAN
IM PORTANT Time inte rvals s hown are maximum. Actual us e and your e xpe rie nce will de te rmine the fre que ncy of
re quire d mainte nance .
* All re comme ndations to re place are bas e d on the finding of damage or we ar during ins pe ction.
(1) Re place me nt will be re quire d for Comme rcial us e afte r 600 hours . For Cons ume r us e , cle aning e ve ry 6 months is
re quire d.
(2) Apply 1~2 pumps of ECHO® LUBETM e ve ry 10 hours .
20
AIR FILTER
Level 1.
Tools required: 25 or 50 mm (1 or 2 in.) medium bristle paint brush
Parts required: 90008 REPOWERTM AIR & FUEL FILTER KIT
1. Close choke (Cold Start Position). This prevents dirt from entering
the carburetor throat when the air filter is removed. Brush accumulated dirt from the air cleaner area.
2. Remove the air cleaner cover. Clean and inspect the element for
damage. If element is fuel soaked and very dirty, replace.
3. If element can be cleaned and reused, be certain it:
-still fits the cavity in the air cleaner cover.
-is installed with the original side out.
NOTE
Carburetor adjustment may be needed after air filter cleaning/
replacement.
FUEL FILTER
Level 1.
Tools required: 203-254 mm ( 8-10 in.) length of wire with one end
bent into a hook. Clean rag, funnel, and an approved fuel container
Parts required: 90008 REPOWERTM AIR & FUEL FILTER KIT
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or
handling.
1. Use a clean rag to remove loose dirt from around fuel cap and empty
fuel tank.
2. Use the “fuel line hook” to pull the fuel line and filter from the tank.
3. Remove the filter from the line and install the new filter.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
SPARK PLUG
Level 2.
Tools required: T-wrench, Feeler gauge, Soft metal brush
Parts required: Spark Plug, BPMR-7A 15901010230
1. Remove spark plug and check for fouling, worn and rounded center
electrode.
2. Clean the plug or replace with a new one. DO NOT sand blast to
clean. Remaining sand will damage engine.
3. Adjust spark plug gap by bending outer electrode.
4. Tighten spark plug to 145-155 kg/cm (125-135 in. lb.).
COOLING SYSTEM CLEANING
Level 2.
Tools required: 3 mm Allen wrench, 4 mm Allen wrench, Pointed
Wood Stick, Cross head Screwdriver
Parts required: None if you are careful.
IMPORTANT
To maintain proper engine operating temperatures, cooling air
must pass freely through the cylinder fin area. This flow of air
carries combustion heat away from the engine.
Overheating and engine seizure can occur when:
• Air intakes in the crankcase are blocked, preventing cooling air from
reaching the cylinder.
• Dust and grass build up on the outside of the cylinder. This build up
insulates the engine and prevents the heat from leaving.
Removal of crankcase cooling passage blockages or cleaning of cooling
fins is considered “Normal Maintenance”. Any failure attributed to lack
of maintenance is not warranted.
21
22
1. Remove starter and disconnect the throttle cable end from the
carburetor.
A
2. Remove the two screws that retain the engine cover. Lift the engine
cover (A) from the engine and lay aside.
NOTE
The throttle cable remains assembled to the engine cover (A) and
the spark plug lead and grommet remain installed.
IMPORTANT
DO NOT use a metal scraper to remove dirt from the cylinder fins.
3. Use the wooden stick or brush to remove dirt from the cylinder fins.
4. Remove grass and leaves from the starter air intake grid.
NOTE
When installing the engine cover (A), be certain the tab of the
metal deflector shield is in the slot of the cover.
EXHAUST SYSTEM
Spark Arrestor Screen
Level 2.
Tools required: 3 mm Allen wrench, Soft metal brush
Parts Required: Screen P/N 14586240630, Gasket Lid P/N 14586642031
1. Remove engine cover (A). See “Cleaning Cooling System” pages
20 & 21 for step by step instructions.
2. Place piston at Top Dead Center (TDC) to prevent carbon/dirt
from entering cylinder.
3. Remove spark arrestor screen cover (B), screen holder (C), gasket
(D) and screen (E) from muffler body.
4. Clean carbon deposits from screen and muffler components.
5. Replace screen if it is cracked, plugged or has holes burned through.
6. Assemble components in reverse order.
NOTE
When installing the engine cover, be certain the tab of the metal
deflector shield is in the slot of the cover.
B
C D
E
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
23
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT
Emission Models
Level 2.
Tools required: Screwdriver with 2mm blade width, Tachometer
(ECHO P/N 99051130017)
Parts required: None.
NOTE
Every unit is run at the factory and the carburetor is set in compliance with EPA Phase 1 and California Emission
Regulations. In addition, the carburetor is equipped with HI (A) and LO (B) needle adjustment limiters that prevent
settings outside acceptable limits.
1. Before adjusting the carburetor, clean or replace the air filter and
spark arrester screen.
A
B
2. Start engine and run for several minutes to reach operating temperature.
3. Stop engine. Turn HI (A) speed needle CCW (counter clockwise) to
stop. Turn LO (B) speed needle midway between full CCW and CW
(clockwise) stops.
4. Idle Speed Adjustment.
-Start engine and turn idle (C) speed adjustment screw CW until the
blades begin to move, then turn the screw CCW until blades stop
moving. Turn screw CCW an additional 1/4 turn.
C
5. Accelerate to full throttle for 2-3 seconds to clear excess fuel from
engine then return to idle. Accelerate to full throttle to check for
smooth transition from idle to full throttle. If engine hesitates, turn
LO (B) needle CCW an additional 1/8 turn and repeat acceleration.
Continue adjusting until smooth acceleration results.
6. Check HI speed RPM at W.O.T. (Wide Open Throttle). HI speed
RPM should be set to specifications found on page 12 "Specifications" of this manual.
7. Check idle speed and reset if necessary. If a tachometer is available,
idle speed should be set to the specifications found on page 12
"Specifications" of this manual.
WARNING
DANGER
When carburetor adjustment is completed, blades should not move
at idle, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
C
24
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT
Non Emissions Models
Level 2
Tools required: Screwdriver with 2mm blade width, Tachometer (ECHO P/N 99051130017)
Parts Required: None
NOTE
If carburetor has limiter caps follow "Carburetor Adjustment" procedures for Emission models on previous page.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Turn "idle" speed adjustment screw (C) CW (clockwise) until blades begin to move, then turn screw out CCW (counter
clockwise) until blades stop moving. Turn screw out, CCW an additional 1/4 turn.
WARNING
DANGER
Blades must not move when unit is idling, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
Basic Setting
1. Stop engine and turn both LO (B) and HI (A) needles in, CW until
they stop and are lightly seated.
IMPORTANT
DO NOT over tighten needles. Forcing them to tighten will
damage the carburetor.
A
2. Turn needles out CCW:
HC-1500 LO (B) 1-1/4 turns; HI (A) 1-1/2 turns
Others (LO) (B) 1-1/4 turns; HI (A) 1-3/8 turns
Fine Tuning
(Requires Accurate Tachometer)
1. Start engine and allow to warm to operating temperature (minimum
2 - 3 minutes) while varying engine speed from idle to full throttle.
2. Always begin fine tuning with LO (B) needle.
a. Lean drop-off - With engine idling, turn LO (B) needle slowly
CW (in) to lean drop-off point. RPM will increase, then
abruptly drop-off. Note this position. (1)
b. Rich drop-off - With engine idling, slowly turn LO (B) needle
CCW (out) to rich drop-off point. RPM will increase then
gradually slow and drop-off. Note this position. (2)
c. Final setting - Set needle at mid point between lean rich dropoff points. (3)
d. Turn needle 1/8 turn CCW (out) making mixture slightly
richer. (4)
C
B
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
3. HI speed adjustment.
Adjust HI (A) needle with tachometer. Refer to Wide Open Throttle
RPM settings listed in "Specifications" on page 12.
4. Check idle speed and reset if necessary. If tachometer is available,
idle speed should be set to the specifications found on page 12
"Specifications" of this manual.
WARNING
DANGER
When carburetor adjustment is completed, blades should not move
at idle, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
LUBRICATION
Blades
Level 1.
Tools required: Clean rag, 25 or 50 mm (1 or 2 in.) medium bristle paint
brush
Parts Required: 20W Engine Oil (lubrication), 50-50 mixture of kerosene
and 20W oil (cleaning).
WARNING
DANGER
Hedge Clipper Blades are very sharp. Wear gloves to protect
hands.
1.
Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug.
2.
Brush loose debris from blade and coat both sides of blade with the
50-50 cleaning mixture.
3.
Allow cleaning mixture to soften the remaining gummy residue then
wipe it from the blade.
4.
Apply clean oil to the entire length of the blade. Be certain the
blade bolts are lubricated.
5.
Wipe excess oil from the blade before putting the unit back in
service.
25
26
Gear Box Assembly
Level 2.
Tools required: 3 mm Hexagon wrench, Grease Gun
Parts Required: Gear Box Gasket, HC-2400 P/N 61041401260,
HC-1500 2E P/N 61041406560,
Others P/N 61041405360,
ECHO® LUBETM 8 oz. (P/N 91014) or Lithium Based
Grease.
HC-1500 Type 1, Type 1E
1.
Clean debris and dirt from gear box area. Remove the six (6) socket
head cap screws retaining the gear box cover plate.
2.
Remove cover plate and discard gasket.
3.
Add grease as required, DO NOT over fill. Leave room for the
grease to expand during operation.
HC-1600, 2000 (All)
Level 1.
Tools required: 13mm Open End, Grease Gun
Parts required: ECHO® LUBETM 8 oz. (P/N 91014) or Lithium Based
Grease.
1.
Clean dirt from filler plug area and remove plug.
2.
Carefully pump grease into hole. DO NOT force grease. Too
much pressure will force grease past seals and cause damage.
3.
Wipe excess grease from gear box and replace the filler plug.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
HC-1500, Type 2E, HC-2400, 2410 (All)
Level 1.
Tools required: Grease Gun, Clean rag
Parts required: ECHO® LUBETM 8 oz. (P/N 91014) or Lithium Based
Grease.
1.
Clean dirt from the grease fitting.
2.
Carefully pump grease into fitting. DO NOT force grease. Too
much pressure will force grease past seals and cause damage.
BLADE STIFFENER REMOVE/INSTALL
Level 2.
Tools required: (2) 13mm Open End
Parts Required: None
WARNING
DANGER
Hedge Clipper blades are very sharp. Wear gloves to protect
hands.
1. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug.
2. Hold blade bolt head under blade assembly. Remove blade locknut
from top side turning counter clockwise.
3. Repeat step 2 for remaining blade nuts.
NOTE
Locking ability of Hedge Clipper blade nuts will diminish each time
they are removed. Replace blade nuts if threading resistance is not
felt when installing locknuts.
27
28
SHARPENING BLADES
Level 3.
Tools required: Flat file, Screwdriver
Parts required: None
WARNING
DANGER
Hedge Clipper Blades are very sharp. Wear gloves to protect
hands.
1. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug.
2. (Models HC-1500, HC-1600) Remove blade stiffener (See "Blade
Stiffener Remove/Install" on page 26).
3. File each edge carefully. Follow the original shape of the blade.
IMPORTANT
If a power grinder is used DO NOT allow blade to over heat.
4. (Models HC-1500, HC-1600) Assemble blade stiffener using new
blade nuts if required. Tighten bolts and nuts then loosen bolt 1/2
turn to allow free blade movement.
5. Lubricate blades. See "Blade Lubrication Instructions," on page 24.
IMPORTANT
Blades should only be removed and reinstalled by an Authorized
ECHO Servicing Dealer, otherwise premature wear or internal
damage may occur.
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
29
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Engi ne -- starts hard
Engi ne -- does not start
Engi ne
C ranks
R emedy
Fuel at
carburetor
No fuel at
carburetor
Fuel strai ner clogged
Fuel li ne clogged
C arburetor
C lean
C lean
See your EC HO dealer
Fuel at
cyli nder
No fuel at
cyli nder
C arburetor
See your EC HO dealer
Muffler wet
wi th fuel
Fuel Mi xture i s too ri ch
Open choke
C lean/replace ai r fi lter
Adjust carburetor
See your EC HO dealer
Spark at end
of plug wi re
No spark
at end of
plug wi re
Stop swi tch off
Electri cal problem
Interlock swi tch
Turn swi tch on
See your EC HO dealer
See your EC HO dealer
Spark at plug
No spark
at plug
Spark gap i ncorrect
C overed wi th carbon
Fouled wi th fuel
Spark plug defecti ve
Adjust 0.65mm (0.026i n.)
C lean or replace
C lean or replace
Replace plug
Internal engi ne problem
See your EC HO dealer
Ai r fi lter di rty
Fuel fi lter di rty
Fuel vent plugged
Spark plug
C arburetor
C ooli ng system plugged
Spark arrestor screen
plugged
C lean or replace
Replace
Replace
C lean and adjust/replace
Adjust
C lean
C lean
Engi ne
does not
crank
Engi ne
runs
C au se
D i es or accelerates poorly
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel vapors are extremely flammable and may cause fire and/or explosion. Never test for ignition spark by grounding
spark plug against cylinder, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
30
STORAGE
Long Term Storage (over 30 days)
Do not store your unit for a prolonged period of time (30 days or longer)
without performing protective storage maintenance which includes the
following:
1.
Store unit in a dry, dust free place, out of the reach of children.
WARNING
DANGER
Do not store in enclosure where fuel fumes may accumulate or
reach an open flame or spark.
2.
Place the stop switch (A) in the "OFF" position.
3.
Remove accumulation of grease, oil, dirt and debris from exterior of
unit.
4.
Perform all periodic lubrication and services that are required.
5.
Tighten all the screws and nuts.
6.
Drain the fuel tank completely and pull the recoil starter handle
several times to remove fuel from the carburetor.
7.
Remove the spark plug and pour 1/4 oz. (1/2 tablespoon) of fresh,
clean, two-stroke engine oil into the cylinder through the spark
plug hole.
A. Place a clean cloth over the spark plug hole.
B. Pull the recoil starter handle 2-3 times to distribute the oil
inside the engine.
C. Observe the piston location through the spark plug hole. Pull
the recoil handle slowly until the piston reaches the top of its
travel and leave it there.
8.
Install the spark plug (do not connect ignition cable).
HC-1500
HEDGE CLIPPER
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
NOTES
31
SERVICING INFORMATION
PARTS
Genuine ECHO Parts and ECHO REPOWER™ Parts and Assemblies for
your ECHO products are available only from an Authorized ECHO
Dealer. When you do need to buy parts always have the Model
Number and Serial Number of the unit with you. You can find these
numbers on the engine housing. For future reference, write them in the
space provided below.
Model No. _____________ SN. ____________
SERVICE
DEALER?
Call
1-800-432-ECHO
1-800-432-3246
www.echo-usa.com
Service of this product during the warranty period must be performed
by an Authorized ECHO Service Dealer. For the name and address of
the Authorized ECHO Service Dealer nearest you, ask your retailer or
call: 1-800-432-ECHO (3246). Dealer information is also available on
our Web Site. When presenting your unit for Warranty service/repairs,
proof of purchase is required.
ECHO CONSUMER PRODUCT SUPPORT
If you require assistance or have questions concerning the application,
operation or maintenance of this product you may call the ECHO
Consumer Product Support Department at 1-800-673-1558 from 8:00 am
to 5:00 pm (Central Standard Time) Monday through Friday. Before
calling, please know the model and serial number of your unit to help
your Consumer Product Support Representative.
CONSUMER PRODUCT
SUPPORT
1-800-673-1558
8 - 5 Mon - Fri C.S.T.
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
You may register your Echo equipment using the warranty registration
card or register on-line at www.echo-usa.com. Registering provides a
direct link between you and ECHO if we find it necessary to contact
you.
ADDITIONAL OR REPLACEMENT MANUALS
Safety Manuals in English/Spanish or English/French are available, free of charge, from your ECHO dealer or at
www.echo-usa.com.
Operator's and Parts Manuals are available by:
• Downloading free from www.echo-usa.com
• Purchasing from your Echo Dealer.
• Sending a check or money order for $2.00 per Parts Catalog or $1.50 per Operator's Manual made payable to ECHO,
INCORPORATED. State on a sheet of paper the model number and serial number of the ECHO unit you have, part
number of the manual (if known), your name and address and mail to address above.
Safety Videos are available from your Echo dealer. A $5.00 shipping charge will be required for each video.
Available Parts Catalog Parts Lists
HC-1500 Type 1E
HC-1500 Type 2E
HC-1600 Type 1E
HC-2000 Type 1E
HC-2400/2410 Type 1E
HC-2400/2410 Type 2E
Serial Number 001001 UP
Serial Number 001001 UP
Serial Number 001001 UP
Serial Number 001001 UP
Serial Number 001001 UP
Serial Number 001001 UP
P/N 99922202758
P/N 99922202898
P/N 99922202759
P/N 99922202760
P/N 99922202761
P/N 99922202762
ECHO, INCORPORATED
400 OAKWOOD ROAD
LAKE ZURICH, IL 60047-1564
www.echo-usa.com