Echo TC-2100 Tiller User Manual

TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
Tiller/Cultivator
Operator's Manual
MODEL
TC-2100 Type 1
Serial Number 011441 & Up
TC-2100 Type 1E
Serial Number 001001 & Up
WARNING
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals known
to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
WARNING
DANGER
Read rules for safe operation and instructions carefully. ECHO provides an Operator's Manual,
which must be read and understood for proper and safe operation.
X7504082102
89869811762
01/00
1
2
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the ECHO family. This ECHO product was designed and manufactured to provide
long life and on-the-job-dependability. Read and understand this manual that you found in the
package. You will find it easy to use and full of helpful operations tips and SAFETY messages.
WARNING
DANGER
Read rules for safe operation and instructions carefully. ECHO provides an Operator's Manual, which must be
read and understood for proper and safe operation.
THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL
--
contains specifications and information for operation, starting,
stopping, maintenance, storage and assembly specific to this product.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction .............................................................. 2
- The Operator's Manual ...................................... 2
Manual Safety Symbols and Important Information . 3
Safety ........................................................................ 3
- General Description ........................................... 3
- Decals ................................................................ 4
- International Symbols ........................................ 4
- Equipment .......................................................... 5
- Fuel .................................................................... 5
- Personal Condition and Safety Equipment ........ 6
- Safe Operation ................................................... 7
- Extended Operation/Extreme Conditions .......... 7
Description ............................................................... 8
- Emission Control ............................................... 8
- Contents ............................................................. 8
- Specifications ................................................... 10
Assembly ................................................................ 11
Pre-Operation ......................................................... 12
- Fuel .................................................................. 12
- Equipment Check ............................................. 13
Operation ................................................................. 14
- Starting Cold Engine ......................................... 14
- Starting Warm Engine ....................................... 15
- Stopping Engine ................................................ 15
CopyRight© 1999 By Echo, Incorporated
All Rights Reserved.
Maintenance ............................................................ 16
- Skill Levels ........................................................ 16
- Maintenance Intervals ...................................... 16
- Air Filter ............................................................ 17
- Fuel Filter .......................................................... 17
- Spark Plug ......................................................... 18
- Cooling System Cleaning .................................. 18
- Exhaust System ................................................. 19
- Carburetor Adjustment Type 1E ....................... 20
- Carburetor Adjustment Type 1 ......................... 21
- Lubrication ........................................................ 22
Troubleshooting ...................................................... 23
Storage ..................................................................... 24
Servicing Information ............................................... 28
- Parts .................................................................. 28
- Service ............................................................... 28
- ECHO Consumer Product Support .................... 28
- Warranty Card ................................................... 28
- Additional or Replacement Manuals ................. 28
- Manual Ordering Instructions ........................... 28
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in
this literature are as accurate as known at the time of
publication, but are subject to change without notice.
Illustrations may include optional equipment and
accessories, and may not include all standard equipment.
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
SAFETY SYMBOLS AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Throughout this manual and on the product itself, you will find safety
alerts and helpful, information messages preceded by symbols or key
words. The following is an explanation of those symbols and key words
and what they mean to you.
This symbol accompanied by the words WARNING
and DANGER calls attention to an act or condition that
can lead to serious personal injury to operator and
bystanders.
IM
PO
RT
AN
T
TE
IMPORTANT The enclosed
message provides information
necessary for the protection of the
unit.
The circle with the slash symbol means whatever is
shown within the circle is prohibited.
NOTE This enclosed message
provides tips for use, care and
maintenance of the unit.
SAFETY
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
IMPORTANT
See Description and Specification sections for full description and illustration of model.
STOP
SWITCH
SAFETY
DECAL
THROTTLE
TRIGGER
NO
TRANSPORT
HANDLE
POWER HEAD
W/DECALS
DEBRIS SHIELD
W/DECALS
TINES
GEAR
CASE
3
4
DECALS
Locate these safety decals on your unit. The complete unit illustration found in the "DESCRIPTION" section, will help
you locate them. Make sure the decals are legible and that you understand and follow the instructions on them. If a
decal cannot be read, a new one can be ordered from your ECHO dealer. See PARTS ORDERING instructions for
specific information.
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Read and understand
Operator's Manual.
Fuel and oil mixture
Wear eyes, ears and
head protection
Finger Severing
Hot
Surface
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Avoid all power
lines. This unit is
not insulated
against electrical
current.
Engine choke
control.
Wear hand
protection. Use
two handed.
Wear slip
resistant foot
wear.
DO NOT smoke
near fuel.
Safety/Alert
DO NOT allow
flames or sparks
near fuel.
Primer
bulb
Carburetoradjustment
- Low speed mixture
Symbol form/shape
Symbol
description/application
Emergency stop
Ignition
ON/OFF
Carburetor adjustment
- High speed mixture
Carburetor adjustment
- Idle speed
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
EQUIPMENT
Before operation a complete check of the unit must be performed;
- Check unit for loose/missing nuts, bolts and screws. Tighten and/or
replace as needed.
-
Inspect fuel lines, tank and area around carburetor for fuel leaks. DO
NOT operate unit if leaks are found.
-
Inspect shield for damage and ensure that the shield is securely in
place. Replace if shield is damaged or missing.
-
Check that the tines are firmly attached and in safe operating
condition.
FUEL
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing
or handling, or serious personal injury may result.
• Use an approved fuel container.
• DO NOT smoke near fuel.
• DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel.
• Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel
caps slowly allowing pressure to equalize.
• NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT!
• NEVER refuel a unit with the engine running.
• DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks
outdoors over bare ground.
• Securely tighten fuel cap after refueling.
• Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or
operate unit until leakage is repaired.
IMPORTANT
Spilled fuel is a leading cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Some
states may require the use of automatic fuel shut-off containers
to reduce fuel spillage. Contact your ECHO dealer for ordering
information.
3 M (10 ft.)
After Refueling;
• Wipe any spilled fuel from the unit.
• Move at least 3 M (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting.
After Use;
• DO NOT store a unit with fuel in its tank. Leaks can occur. Return
unused fuel to an approved fuel storage container.
5
6
PERSONAL CONDITION AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT
WARNING
DANGER
Tiller/Cultivator users risk injury to themselves and others if the tiller/cultivator is used improperly and or safety
precautions are not followed. Proper clothing and safety gear must be worn when operating a tiller/cultivator.
Failure to do so can result in serious injury.
Physical Condition -Your judgment and physical dexterity may not be good:
- if you are sick,
- if you are taking medication,
- if you have taken alcohol or drugs.
Operate unit only if you are physically and mentally well.
Eye Protection -Wear Eye protection that meet ANSI Z87.1 or CE requirements
whenever you operate the tiller/cultivator.
Hand Protection -Wear no-slip, heavy duty work gloves in improve your grip on the
Tiller/Cultivator handles. Gloves also reduce the transmission of
machine vibration to your hands.
Hearing Protection -ECHO recommends wearing hearing protection whenever unit is used.
Proper Clothing -Wear snug fitting, durable clothing;
- Pants should have long legs, shirts with long sleeves.
- Wear hair covering to contain long hair.
- DO NOT WEAR SHORTS,
- DO NOT WEAR TIES, SCARFS, JEWELRY.
Wear sturdy work shoes with non-skid soles;
- DO NOT WEAR OPEN TOED SHOES,
- DO NOT OPERATE UNIT BAREFOOTED.
Wear no-slip, heavy duty work gloves.
Hot Humid Weather -Heavy protective clothing can increase operator fatigue which may lead
to heat stroke. Schedule heavy work for early morning or late afternoon
hours when temperatures are cooler.
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
SAFE OPERATION
Determine Operation Area
-
Provide all operators of this equipment with the Operator's Manual
and instructions for safe operation.
Review the area to be tilled. Look for hazards that could contribute
to unsafe conditions.
Spectators and fellow workers must be warned, and children and
animals prevented from coming nearer than 15M (50 ft.) while the
tiller/cultivator is in use.
Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated
areas.
EXTENDED OPERATION/EXTREME CONDITIONS
Vibration and Cold -It is believed that a condition called Raynaud’s Phenomenon, which
affects the fingers of certain individuals may be brought about by
exposure to vibration and cold. Exposure to vibration and cold may
cause tingling and burning sensations followed by loss of color and
numbness in the fingers. The following precautions are strongly
recommended because the minimum exposure which might trigger the
ailment is unknown.
•
•
•
•
Keep your body warm, especially the head, neck, feet, ankles, hands
and wrists.
Maintain good blood circulation by performing vigorous arm
exercises during frequent work breaks and also by not smoking.
Limit the hours of operation. Try to fill each day with jobs where
operating the trimmer or other hand-held power equipment is not
required.
If you experience discomfort, redness and swelling of the fingers
followed by whitening and loss of feeling, consult your physician
before further exposing yourself to cold and vibration.
Repetitive Stress Injuries -It is believed that overusing the muscles and tendons of the fingers,
hands, arms and shoulders may cause soreness, swelling, numbness,
weakness and extreme pain in those areas. Certain repetitive hand
activities may put you at a high risk for developing a Repetitive Stress
Injury (RSI). An extreme RSI condition is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
(CTS), which could occur when your wrist swells and squeezes a vital
nerve that runs through the area. Some believe that prolonged exposure
to vibration may contribute to CTS. CTS can cause severe pain for
months or even years. To reduce the risk of RSI/CTS, do the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Avoid using your wrist in a bent, extended or twisted position.
Instead try to maintain a straight wrist position. Also, when grasping, use your whole hand, not just the thumb and index finger.
Take periodic breaks to minimize repetition and rest your hands.
Reduce the speed & force in which you do the repetitive movement.
Do exercises to strengthen the hand and arm muscles.
Immediately stop using all power equipment and consult a doctor if
you feel tingling, numbness or pain in the fingers, hands, wrists or
arms. The sooner RSI/CTS is diagnosed, the more likely permanent
nerve and muscle damage can be prevented.
15M (50 ft.)
7
8
DESCRIPTION
The ECHO product you purchased has been factory pre-assembled for your convenience. Due to packaging restrictions
some assembly is required.
After opening the carton, check for damage. Immediately notify your retailer or ECHO Dealer of damaged or missing
parts. Use the contents list to check for missing parts.
EMISSION CONTROL
Type 1E Models
-
IMPORTANT ENGINE INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY : TEH021UB24RA
DISPLACEMENT : 21.2cc
THIS ENGINE MEETS U.S. EPA PHI AND 1995 - 1999
CALIFORNIA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR ULGE
ENGINES. REFER TO OWNER’S MANUAL FOR
MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS.
The emission control system for this engine is EM (Engine Modification).
Emission Control Label (located on Engine) (EXAMPLE ONLY,
information on label varies by FAMILY).
CONTENTS LIST
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
1
1
1
1
2
1
-
Power Head & Shield Assembly
Upper Handle Assembly
Left Lower Handle
Right Lower Handle
Lower Handle Mounting Brackets
Plastic Bag (Co-Pack)
1, 1/4"x 3" Hex Head Shoulder Bolt
1, 1/4"x 3-1/4" Hex Head Shoulder Bolt
2, 1/4" Lock Washers
2, 1/4" Lock Nuts
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
____
16
-
Carry Handle
Cable Tie
Operator's Manual
Hardware Bag
2, 10mm x 30mm Carriage Bolt
2, 10mm nut
2, 10mm Lock Washer
Warranty Card & Limited
Warranty Statement
- Bottle 2-Cycle Engine Oil
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
1. STOP SWITCH - "Toggle Switch" mounted on top of Throttle Trigger Housing. Move switch Forward to Run,
Back to Stop.
2. THROTTLE TRIGGER - Spring loaded to return to idle when released. When accelerating, pull trigger gradually
for best operating technique. DO NOT hold trigger when starting.
3. MUFFLER/SPARK ARRESTOR - The muffler controls the exhaust noise while the spark arrestor prevent hot,
flowing particles of carbon from leaving the muffler where they could possibly start a fire.
4. RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Pull recoil handle slowly until starter engages, then pull quickly and firmly.
When engine starts, return handle slowly. DO NOT let handle snap back or damage to unit will occur.
5. FUEL TANK - Contains fuel and fuel filter.
6. FUEL TANK CAP - Cover and seals fuel tank opening.
7. PRIMER BULB - Before starting and after filling the fuel tank, pump primer bulb 10 times or until a steady
stream of fresh fuel is visible through the "clear" fuel return line.
8. AIR CLEANER - Contains replaceable filter element.
9. CHOKE - The choke control is located on the side of the air filter case. Move choke to "COLD START" to close
the choke for cold starting. Move choke to "RUN" position to open choke.
10. GEAR BOX - Houses gears for driving tines.
11. TINES - Used to till or cultivate soil. Removable for cleaning.
12. CARRYING HANDLE - Use for convenient transportation.
13. TINE GUARD - Used to help deflect debris away from operator and reduce accidental contact of tines.
14. SAFETY DECAL - See Description on Page 4.
15. SAFETY DECAL - See Description on Page 4.
16. OPERATOR'S MANUAL - Read and understand this manual before operation. Keep manual in a safe location
for future reference, i.e., operation, maintenance, storage and specifications.
IMPORTANT This spark ignition system system complies with Canadian ICES-002.
9
10
SPECIFICATIONS
MODEL
TC-2100
Length
1130 mm (44.48 in.)
Width
340 mm (13.36 in.)
Height
1010 mm (39.76 in.)
Weight (dry) w/Tines
Engine Type
8.62 kg (19 lb.)
Air cooled, two-stroke, single cylinder gasoline engine
Bore
32.2 mm (1.268 in.)
Stroke
26.0 mm (1.04 in.)
Displacement
Exhaust
Carburetor
Ignition System
Spark Plug
Fuel
Fuel/Oil Ratio
Gasoline
Oil
Fuel Tank Capacity
Recoil Starter System
Clutch
Gear Case
Tines
21.2 cc (1.29 cu. in.)
Spark Arrestor Muffler
Zama diaphragm model C1U w/pprimer bulbs
Flywheel magneto, capacitor discharge ignition type
NGK BPMR-7A Gap 0.65 mm (0.026 in.)
Mixed (Gasoline and Two-stroke Oil)
50:1 ECHO High Performance, two-stroke air cooled engine oil
89 Octane unleaded. DO NOT use fuel containing methyl alcohol,
more than 10% ethyl alcohol or 15% MTBE.
50:1 ECHO High Performance, two-stroke air cooled engine oil
0.5 lit. (17.0 US fl. oz.)
Automatic Rewind Starter
Centrifugal Type
Worm Gear Type (42:1 Ratio)
Special 10 Tooth Design
•229 mm (9") Cultivating swath 1/4 tines
•229 mm (9") Diameter
Idle Speed
3000 +/- 250 RPM
Wide Open Throttle Speed (W.O.T.)
7500 +/- 500 RPM
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
ASSEMBLY
Tools Required: (2) 11mm (7/16in.) Wrenches
1. Support powerhead assembly upright on tines. Place top handle
assembly to rear.
2. Loosley assemble lower handles using 6.35 x 76mm (1/4in. x 3in.)
hex head shoulder bolt (A), lockwasher (B), and locknut (C) in
front handle end mounting hole as shown.
3.
Slide open end of lower handle assembly, front to rear, beneath
powerhead and throttle linkage/ignition wires.
4.
Place handle tubes into gearcase handle mounting grooves and
assemble using 6.35 x 82.5mm (1/4in. x 3-1/4in) hex head shoulder
bolt (D), lockwasher (B), and locknut (C) in rear handle mounting
holes. DO NOT TIGHTEN BOLTS.
5.
Slide carry handle onto lower handle tubes.
6.
Place top handle assembly between lower handles, align mounting
holes and install (2) 10 x 30mm carriage bolts (E), (2) lockwashers
(F), and (2) nuts (G). Carriage bolts should be installed from the
outside through the lower handle then upper handle tube.
7.
Securely tighten lower handle bolts first, then the upper handle
bolts.
8.
Secure throttle linkage and stop switch lead midway on right lower
handle with cable tie.
A
B,C
D
F,G
B,C
E H
11
12
PRE-OPERATION
FUEL
Fuel Requirements
Gasoline - Use 89 Octane [R +2 M ] gasoline or gasohol known to be good
quality. Gasohol may contain up to 10% Ethyl (grain) alcohol or 15%
MTBE (methyl tertiary-butyl ether). Gasohol containing methanol
(wood alcohol) is NOT approved.
Two-Stroke Oil - A two-stroke engine oil meeting ISO-L-EGD
Standard (ISO/CD 13738), must be used. Echo brand Premium 50:1 oil
meets this standard. Engine problems due to inadequate lubrication
caused by failure to use an ISO-L-EGD approved oil, such as Echo
Premium 50:1 Two-stroke Oil, will void the two-stroke engine warranty. (Emission related parts only are covered for two years, regardless of two-stroke oil used, per the statement listed in the EPA Phase I/
California Emission Defect Warranty Explanation.)
Mixing - Follow directions on the oil container.
Handling Fuel
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing
or handling or serious personal injury may result.
- Use an approved fuel container.
- DO NOT smoke near fuel.
- DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel.
- Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel caps
slowly allowing pressure to equalize.
- NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT!
- NEVER refuel a unit with the engine running.
- DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks
outdoors over bare ground.
- Securely tighten fuel cap after refueling.
- Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or
operate unit until leakage is repaired.
IMPORTANT
Spilled fuel is a leading cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Some
states may require the use of automatic fuel shut-off containers
to reduce fuel spillage. Contact your ECHO dealer for ordering
information.
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
13
After Refueling;
- Wipe any spilled fuel from the unit.
- Move at least 3 M (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting
the engine.
After use;
- DO NOT store a unit with fuel in its tank. Leaks can occur.
Return unused fuel to an approved fuel storage container.
3 M (10 ft.)
Storage Fuel storage laws vary by locality. Contact your local government for
the laws affecting your area. As a precaution, store fuel in an approved,
air tight container. Store in a well ventilated, unoccupied building, away
from sparks and flames. Do not store fuel longer than 30 days.
IMPORTANT
Stored fuel ages. Do not mix more fuel than you expect to use in
thirty (30) days, ninety (90) days when a fuel stabilizer is added.
IMPORTANT
Stored two-stroke fuel may separate. ALWAYS shake fuel
container thoroughly before each use.
EQUIPMENT CHECK
Before operation a complete check of the unit must be performed;
-
Check unit for loose/missing nuts, bolts and screws. Tighten and/or
replace as needed.
-
Inspect fuel lines, tank and area around carburetor for fuel leaks.
DO NOT operate unit if leaks are found.
-
Inspect guard for damage and ensure that it is securely in place.
Replace guard if damaged or missing.
-
Check that the tines are firmly attached and in safe operating
condition
S
1
8
15
22
29
M
2
9
16
23
30
T
3
10
17
24
31
W T
4 5
11 12
18 19
25 26
F S
6 7
13 14
20 21
27 28
14
OPERATION
-
Provide all operators of this equipment with the Operator's Manual
and instructions for safe operation.
-
Before starting the unit, equip yourself and any other person
working within the 15M (50 ft.) Safety Zone with the required
Protective Equipment and clothing.
-
During operation, the complete unit, especially the engine and the
gear housing may become very hot, too hot to touch. Avoid
contact during and immediately after operation.
-
Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated
areas.
STARTING COLD ENGINE
WARNING
DANGER
The tines should not move at idle. If tines move, readjust carburetor according to "Carburetor Adjustment" instructions in this
manual or see your ECHO Dealer, otherwise serious personal injury
may result.
1. STOP SWITCH - START.
Move Stop Switch (A) to START position.
2.
CLOSE CHOKE - COLD START.
Move choke (B) to START (closed) position. Throttle must remain
at idle for starting.
3. PRIMER - PUMP BULB.
Pump primer bulb (C) 10 times, until fuel is visible in the “Clear”
fuel return line.
C
B
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
4. START - PULL ROPE.
Pull recoil starter rope until engine fires.
5. OPEN CHOKE - RUN.
Move choke (B) to RUN (open) position.
6. RESTART ENGINE - PULL ROPE.
Pull recoil starter rope until engine fires.
WARNING
DANGER
When engine starts, the tines may move even with the throttle
trigger in idle (released) position.
STARTING WARM ENGINE
C
The starting procedure is the same as Cold Start except DO NOT close
the choke (B).
NOTE
If engine does not start after 5 pulls, use Cold Start Procedure.
1. STOP SWITCH - START.
Place Stop Switch (A) in START position.
2. PRIMER - PUMP BULB Pump primer bulb (C) until fuel is
visible in the "Clear" fuel return line.
3. CHOKE - OPEN.
Be certain choke (B) is open.
4. START - PULL ROPE.
Pull recoil starter rope.
5. STARTENGINE.
Start engine at idle.
STOPPING ENGINE
1. RELEASE THROTTLE TRIGGER.
Release throttle trigger and allow engine to idle for a minute.
2. STOP SWITCH - STOP.
Move stop switch to STOP position (A).
WARNING
DANGER
If engine does not stop when stop switch is moved to STOP
position, close choke - COLD START position - to stall engine.
Have your ECHO dealer repair stop switch before using tiller/
cultivator again.
B
15
16
MAINTENANCE
Your ECHO tiller/cultivator is designed to provide many hours of trouble free service. Regular scheduled maintenance will
help your tiller/cultivator achieve that goal. If you are unsure or are not equipped with the necessary tools, you may want
to take your unit to an ECHO Service Dealer for maintenance. To help you decide whether you want to DO-IT-YOURSELF or have the ECHO Dealer do it, each maintenance task has been graded. If the task is not listed, see your ECHO
dealer for repairs.
SKILL LEVEL
Level 1 = Easy to do. Most required tools come with unit.
Level 2 = Moderate difficulty. Some specialized tools may be required.
Level 3 = Experience required. Specialized tools are required. ECHO recommends
that the unit be returned to your ECHO Dealer for service.
ECHO offers REPOWERTM Maintenance Kits and Parts to make your maintenance job easier. Just below each task
heading are listed the various part numbers required for that task. See your ECHO dealer for these parts.
MAINTENACE INTERVALS
C o m p o n e n t/S y s te m
M a in te n a n c e
P ro c e d u re
D a ily
or
B e fo re
U se
A ir F ilte r
C le a n/R e p la c e
F ue l S tra ine r
Ins p e c t/R e p la c e
F ue l L ine
Ins p e c t/R e p la c e
C a rb ure to r
Ins p e c t/R e b uild /R e p la c e
C ho k e S ys te m
Ins p e c t/R e p la c e
C o o ling S ys te m
Ins p e c t/C le a n
M uffle r S p a rk A rre s to r
C le a n/R e p la c e
G e a r H o us ing
G re a s e
Tine s
Ins p e c t/C le a n
I
R e c o il S ta rte r R o p e
Ins p e c t/C le a n
I
F ue l L e a k s
Ins p e c t/R e p a ir
I
S p a rk P lug
C le a n/R e p la c e
Ig nitio n S ys te m
C le a n/R e p la c e
S c re w s /N uts /B o lts
Ins p e c t/Tig hte n/R e p la c e
E v e ry
R e fu e l
I /C
3
M o n th s
or 90
H o u rs
6
M o n th s
or 300
H o u rs
Ye a rly
or 600
H o u rs
R
I
I
R
I
C
R (1 )
I
I/C
I / C
I*
I
I / C
R
N o M a inte na nc e re quire d fo r co il a nd fly whe e l
I
I
I = INSPECT, R = REPLACE, C = CLEAN
IMPORTANT -Time intervals shown are maximum. Actual use and your experience will determine the frequency of
required maintenance.
*Or 50 hours, whichever occurs first.
(1) Replacement will be required for commercial use after 600 hours. For Consumer use, cleaning every 6 months is
required. Cleaning includes Rebuild Kits.
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
AIR FILTER
Level 1.
Tools required: 25mm-50mm (1in.-2in.) medium bristle paint brush.
Parts required: 90008 REPOWERTM AIR & FUEL FILTER KIT.
1. Close choke (Cold Start Position). This prevents dirt from entering
the carburetor throat when the air filter is removed. Brush accumulated dirt from the air cleaner area.
2. Remove the air cleaner cover. Clean and inspect the element for
damage. If element is fuel soaked and very dirty, replace.
3. If element can be cleaned and reused, be certain it:
-still seals the cavity in the air cleaner cover.
-is installed with the original side out.
NOTE
Carburetor adjustment may be needed after air filter cleaning/
replacement. See Carburetor Adjustment Section.
FUEL FILTER
Level 1.
Tools required: Fuel line hook. 203-254mm (8in.-10in.) length of wire
with one end bent into a hook. Clean rag, funnel, and an approved fuel
container.
Parts required: 90008 REPOWERTM AIR & FUEL FILTER KIT
WARNING
DANGER
Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or
handling, or serious personal injury may result.
1. Use a clean rag to remove loose dirt from around fuel cap and
empty fuel tank.
2. Use the “fuel line hook” to pull the fuel line and filter (A) from the
tank.
3. Remove the filter (A) from the line and install the new filter.
17
18
SPARK PLUG
Level 2.
Tools Required: Spark Plug socket wrench and screw driver, Feeler
gauge. Preferably a wire gauge.
Parts Required: Spark Plug, NGK - BPMR-7A
1. Remove spark plug and check for fouling, worn and rounded center
electrode.
2. Clean the plug or replace with a new one. DO NOT sand blast to
clean. Remaining sand will damage engine.
3. Adjust spark plug gap by bending outer electrode.
4.
Tighten spark plug to 145-155 kg/cm (125-135 in. lb.).
0.65 mm
(0.026 in.)
COOLING SYSTEM CLEANING
Level 3.
Tools required: Cross Head Screwdriver, 3mm Hex wrench, Pointed
Wood Stick, 25mm-50mm (1in.-2in.) medium bristle paint brush.
Parts Required: None.
IMPORTANT
To maintain proper engine operating temperatures, cooling air must
pass freely through the cylinder fin area. This flow of air carries
combustion heat away from the engine.
Overheating and engine seizure can occur when:
- Air intakes are blocked, preventing cooling air from reaching the
cylinder.
- Dust and grass build up on the outside of the cylinder. This build
up insulates the engine and prevents the heat from leaving.
Removal of cooling passage blockages or cleaning of cooling fins is
considered “Normal Maintenance”. Any failure attributed to lack of
maintenance is not warranted.
1. Remove spark plug lead and throttle cable end from the carburetor
swivel.
2. Remove the four screws that retain the cover. Two at the top of the
recoil starter, two on either side of the front. Lift the cover from the
engine and lay to the front of the tiller/cultivator.
NOTE
The throttle linkage remains assembled to the cover and the spark
plug lead and grommet remain installed.
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
IMPORTANT
DO NOT use a metal scraper to remove dirt from the cylinder fins.
3. Use the wooden stick or brush to remove dirt from the cylinder
fins.
4. Remove grass and leaves from the grid between the recoil starter
and fuel tank.
5. When installing the cover, be certain the tab of the metal deflector
shield is in the slot of the cover.
EXHAUST SYSTEM
Spark Arrestor Screen
Level 3.
Tools Required: Cross Head Screwdriver. 3mm Hex wrench. Soft metal
brush. Wooden carbon scraper.
Parts Required: P/N 13001642031 Spark Arrestor Screen
P/N 14586642031 Screen Holder
1. Remove screen cover (A), screen holder (B), and gasket (C) from
muffler body.
2. Clean carbon deposits from screen (D) and muffler components.
3. Replace screen if it is cracked, plugged or has holes burned
through.
4. Install with new gaskets.
19
20
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT
Emission Models
Level 2.
Tools required: Screwdriver, Tachometer (ECHO P/N 99051130017).
Parts required: None.
NOTE
Every unit is run at the factory and the carburetor is set in compliance with EPA Phase 1 and California Emission Regulations. In
addition, the carburetor is equipped with HI (A) and LO (B) needle
adjustment limiters that prevent settings outside acceptable limits.
1. Before adjusting the carburetor, clean or replace the air filter and
spark arrester screen.
2. Start engine and run for several minutes to reach operating
temperature.
3. Stop engine. Turn HI (A) speed needle CCW (counter clockwise)
to stop. Turn LO (B) speed needle midway between full CCW and
CW (clockwise) stops.
A
B
4. Idle Speed Adjustment.
-Start engine and turn idle (C) speed adjustment screw CW until the
tines begin to turn, then turn the screw CCW until tines stop
turning. Turn screw CCW an additional 1/4 turn.
5. Accelerate to full throttle for 2-3 seconds to clear excess fuel from
engine then return to idle. Accelerate to full throttle to check for
smooth transition from idle to full throttle. If engine hesitates, turn
LO (B) needle CCW an additional 1/8 turn and repeat acceleration.
Continue adjusting until smooth acceleration results.
6. Check HI (A) speed RPM at W.O.T. (Wide Open Throttle). HI
speed RPM should be set to specifications found on page 10
"Specifications" of this manual.
7. Check idle speed and reset if necessary. If a tachometer is available,
idle speed should be set to the specification found on page 10
"Specifications" of this manual.
WARNING
DANGER
When carburetor adjustment is completed, tines should not move
at idle, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
C
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT
Non-Emission Models (Without Limiter Caps)
Level 2
Tools Required: Screwdriver, Tachometer (ECHO P/N 90051130017).
NOTE
If carburetor has limiter caps follow "Carburetor Adjustment"
procedures for emission models on previous page.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Turn "idle" speed adjustment screw (C) CW (clockwise) until tines
begin to turn, then turn screw out CCW (counter clockwise) until tines
stop turning. Turn screw out, CCW an additional 1/4 turn.
WARNING
DANGER
Tines must not turn when unit is idling, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
Basic Setting
1. Stop engine and turn both LO (B) and HI (A) needles in, CW until
they stop and are lightly seated.
IMPORTANT
DO NOT over tighten needles. Forcing them to tighten will
damage the carburetor.
2. Turn LO (B) needle out, CCW 2-1/2 turns. Turn HI (A) needle out
CCW 2-3/4 turns.
Fine Tuning
(Requires Accurate Tachometer)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Start engine and allow to warm to operating temperature (minimum
2 - 3 minutes) varying engine speed from idle to full throttle.
Always begin fine tuning with LO (B) needle.
a. Lean drop-off - With engine idling, turn LO (B) needle slowly
CW (in) to lean drop-off point. RPM will increase, then abruptly
drop-off. Note this position. (1)
b. Rich drop-off - With engine idling, slowly turn LO (B) needle
CCW (out) to rich drop-off point. RPM will increase then
gradually slow and drop-off. Note this position. (2)
c. Final setting - Set needle at mid point between lean rich dropoff points. (3)
d. Turn needle 1/8 turn CCW (out) making mixture slightly
richer. (4)
HI speed adjustment.
Adjust HI (A) needle with tachometer. Refer to Wide Open
Throttle RPM settings listed in "Specifications" on page 10.
Check idle speed and reset if necessary. If tachometer is available,
idle speed should be set to the specifications found on page 10
"Specifications" of this manual.
WARNING
DANGER
When carburetor adjustment is completed, tines should not move
at idle, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
A
C
B
21
22
LUBRICATION
Level 1.
Tools Required: Crosshead Screw Driver
Parts Required: Lithium Base Grease.
Gear Housing
1. Remove tines (See Tine Removal - Installation).
2. Clean dirt from area around gear cover (A) and remove four (4)
crosshead screw (B). Be careful not to tear sealing gasket (C).
3. Support tiller with exposed gear case (D) upward. Add #0 lithium
grease until nearly level with top of gear case (D).
IMPORTANT
Do not over fill. Too much grease will cause pressure and possible
seal failure.
Cleaning Tines
(After Each Use)
NOTE
Wear gloves to protect hands from sharp blades.
1. Remove weeds, etc. from tines and wash dirt from unit.
Tine Removal - Installation
WARNING
DANGER
Stop engine and disconnect spark plug wire before removing or
installing tines. Contact with revolving tines will cause severe
injury.
1. Remove retaining pin (E) and slide tine from shaft.
2. Clean accumulated dirt and debris form gear housing and tine shaft.
3. Slide tine on shaft, D-hole (hole with flat on one side) goes to the
outside, install retaining pin.
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
23
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Engi ne -- starts hard
Engi ne -- does not start
Engi ne
C ranks
R emedy
Fuel at
carburetor
No fuel at
carburetor
Fuel strai ner clogged
Fuel li ne clogged
C arburetor
C lean
C lean
See your EC HO dealer
Fuel at
cyli nder
No fuel at
cyli nder
C arburetor
See your EC HO dealer
Muffler wet
wi th fuel
Fuel Mi xture i s too
ri ch
Open choke
C lean/replace ai r fi lter
Adjust carburetor
See your EC HO dealer
Spark at end
of plug wi re
No spark
at end of
plug wi re
Stop swi tch off
Electri cal problem
Interlock swi tch
Turn swi tch on
See your EC HO dealer
See your EC HO dealer
Spark at plug
No spark
at plug
Spark gap i ncorrect
C overed wi th carbon
Fouled wi th fuel
Spark plug defecti ve
Adjust 0.65mm (0.026i n.)
C lean or replace
C lean or replace
Replace plug
Internal engi ne
problem
See your EC HO dealer
Ai r fi lter di rty
Fuel fi lter di rty
Fuel vent plugged
Spark plug
C arburetor
C ooli ng system
plugged
Exhaust port/spark
arrestor
screen plugged
C lean or replace
Replace
Replace
C lean and adjust/replace
Adjust
C lean
Engi ne
does not
crank
Engi ne
runs
C au se
D i es or accelerates poorly
WARNING
C lean
DANGER
Fuel vapors are extremely flammable and may cause fire and/or explosion. Never test for ignition spark by grounding
spark plug against cylinder, otherwise serious personal injury may result.
24
STORAGE
Long Term Storage (over 30 days)
Do not store your unit for a prolonged period of time (30 days or longer) without performing protective storage maintenance which includes the following:
1. Store unit in a dry, dust free place, out of the reach of children.
WARNING
DANGER
Do not store in enclosure where fuel fumes may accumulate or reach an open flame or spark. Failure to do so could
result in serious personal injury or property damage.
2. Place the stop switch in the "OFF" (A) position.
3. Remove accumulation of grease, oil, dirt and debris from exterior of
unit.
4. Perform all periodic lubrication and services that are required.
5. Tighten all the screws and nuts.
6. Drain the fuel tank completely and pull the recoil starter handle
several times to remove fuel from the carburetor.
7. Remove the spark plug and pour 7cc (1/4 oz., 1/2 tablespoon) of
fresh, clean, two-stroke engine oil into the cylinder through the
spark plug hole.
A. Place a clean cloth over the spark plug hole.
B. Pull the recoil starter handle 2-3 times to distribute the oil
inside the engine.
C. Observe the piston location through the spark plug hole. Pull
the recoil handle slowly until the piston reaches the top of its
travel and leave it there.
8. Install the spark plug (do not connect spark plug cable).
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
NOTES
25
26
NOTES
TILLER/CULTIVATOR
OPERATOR'S MANUAL
NOTES
27
SERVICING INFORMATION
PARTS
Genuine ECHO Parts and ECHO Re PowerTM Parts and Assemblies for
your ECHO products are available only from an Authorized ECHO
Dealer. When you do need to buy parts always have the Model
Number, Type number and Serial Number of the unit with you. You can
find all three numbers on the engine housing. For future reference, write
them in the space provided below.
Model No. _____________Type No. ____________ SN. __________
SERVICE
DEALER?
Service of this product during the warranty period must be performed
by an Authorized ECHO Service Dealer. For the name and address of
the Authorized ECHO Service Dealer nearest you, ask your retailer or
call: 1-800-432-ECHO (3246). When presenting your unit for Warranty
service/repairs, proof of purchase is required.
Call
1-800-432-ECHO
CONSUMER PRODUCT
SUPPORT
ECHO CONSUMER PRODUCT SUPPORT
If you require assistance or have questions concerning the application,
operation or maintenance of this product you may call the ECHO
Consumer Product Support Department at 1-800-673-1558 from 8:00
am to 5:00 pm (Central Standard Time) Monday through Friday. Before
calling, please know the model and serial number of your unit to help
your Consumer Product Support Representative.
1-800-673-1558
8 - 5 Mon - Fri C.S.T.
WARRANTY CARD
This card is our means of registering all original owners of ECHO
equipment. The card plus proof of purchase provides you the assurance that authorized warranty work will be done. It also provides a
direct link between you and ECHO if we find it necessary to contact
you.
ADDITIONAL OR REPLACEMENT MANUALS
Operator's and Parts Manuals are available for purchase from your
ECHO dealer or directly from ECHO. [See ordering instructions at the
end of this manual.]
ORDERING INSTRUCTIONS
ECHO Incorporated
400 Oakwood Road
Lake Zurich, IL 60047
Technical Publications Orders
To obtain a Parts Catalog or Operator's Manual send a check or money order for $2.00 per Parts Catalog or $1.50 per
Operator's Manual made payable to ECHO, INCORPORATED. State on a sheet of paper model number and serial number
of the ECHO unit you have, part number of the manual (if known), your name and address and mail to address above.
Available Parts Lists
TC-2100 TYPE 1 (S/N 011441 & UP) TYPE 1E (S/N 001001 & UP)
ECHO, INCORPORATED
400 OAKWOOD ROAD
LAKE ZURICH, IL 60047
PART NUMBER 99922202874