Specifications | Edelbrock 1902 Automobile Parts User Manual

PERFORMER REPLACEMENT SERIES
CARBURETORS FOR Q-JET APPLICATIONS
for non-computer controlled Chevrolet/GMC V8s; 1966-89
CATALOG #1901, #1902, #1903, #1904 & #1906
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
PLEASE study these instructions carefully before installing your new Carburetor. If you have any questions or problems, do not hesitate to contact
our Technical Hotline at: 1-800-416-8628, 7 am - 5 pm, Monday-Friday, Pacific Standard Time or e-mail us at edelbrock.edelbrock.com.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR WARRANTY
If you have any problems with installation or performance, do not return to the retailer. The retailer is not authorized to perform
Warranty Service. Instead, call the Edelbrock Carb Tech Hotline at 800-416-8628 from 7am - 5pm PST on weekdays. All returns must
be accompanied by the original purchase receipt. The warranty period is 90 days for new carburetors and 30 days for "as-new" (remanufactured)
carburetors.
DESCRIPTION
The Edelbrock Performer Replacement Series Carburetor for
Q-Jet applications is a high quality, all new carburetor designed to
replace the original equipment Q-Jet spread-bore carburetors found
on most 1966 -1989 non-computer controlled Chevrolet/GMC V8s.
These carburetors are street legal/stock replacement parts when used
on the applications for which they are listed. Edelbrock replacement
carbs for Q-Jet applications are compatible with all OEM linkage and
components for the years listed, and will fit stock intake manifolds.
For best performance, they may be used with the matching Performer
or Performer EGR intake manifold for those who wish to use a new
stock replacement carburetor.
1.
Five models are available for the following applications:
#1901 (750 cfm) - Recommended for most small-block and bigblock Chevrolet/GMC V8s, 327 through 454 c.i.d., in both truck and
BEFORE YOU BEGIN, ALWAYS REMEMBER TO:
❑ Replace fuel filter. Dirt found in carburetor voids warranty.
❑ Check and replace the air filter if necessary.
❑ Check PCV valve and replace if clogged.
❑ Check all hoses for leaks or cracks and replace if necessary.
❑ Check fuel pump for proper operation and replace if necessary.
❑ Check the intake manifold and cylinder head gaskets for leaks and
replace if necessary.
❑ Check the ignition system: clean and gap or replace spark plugs, plug
wires, and adjust ignition timing.
CARBURETOR REMOVAL
1. Prior to removal make sure that the engine is cool.
2. Disconnect negative battery cable from battery.
3. Remove air cleaner. Be sure to carefully disconnect any hoses from
the air cleaner and note their location for re-installation. You may want
to mark them with masking tape for easy reference.
4. Disconnect throttle linkage, kickdown linkage (certain automatic
transmission applications only), cruise control (if equipped) and any
return springs if present. NOTE: Check carefully for the precise
location of all these linkages and return springs. You may want to
mark them with masking tape for easy reference. Compare throttle
arm of your new carburetor with the old one to be sure that all
required linkages will hook up. Ball stud is usually removable and
must be installed in the proper location (see Figures 1 & 2).
5. Disconnect all wires, tubes and hoses from carburetor and note their
location. NOTE: There should be a maximum of one wire to the
electric choke and one to the idle compensator solenoid. Any other
electrical wiring attached to your carburetor indicates a computer
© 2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Brochure No. 63-0073
passenger car applications using a remote style choke; 1966 to
1973.
2.
3.
4.
5.
#1902 (750 cfm) - Recommended for most small-block and bigblock Chevrolet/GMC V8s, 350 through 454 c.i.d., in both truck and
passenger car applications using a remote style choke; 1974 to
1978.
#1903 (795 cfm) - Recommended for most small-block
Chevrolet/GMC V8s, 305 through 454 c.i.d., in both truck and
passenger car applications using a hot air style choke; 1975 to
1985. (Electric choke conversion, see choke linkage section.)
#1904 (795 cfm) - Recommended for most small-block
Chevrolet/GMC V8s, 305 through 350 c.i.d., in truck applications only
using a full electric choke; 1980 to 1989.
#1906 (795 cfm) - Recommended for big-block Chevrolet/GMC
V8s-454 engines in truck applications only using a full electric
choke; 1980 to 1989.
controlled engine, and Edelbrock Q-Jet carburetors will not function
correctly on computer controlled applications. Disconnect the heater
tube from the choke housing
(#1903 only). If the tube is
burned out, replace it. Failure
to do so will cause deposits to
form inside the carburetor,
improper choke operation, and
void the warranty.
6. Carefully remove fuel line
from carburetor or fuel filter.
TAKE EXTREME CARE NOT
TO SPILL ANY EXCESS
FUEL. Place a rag
Figure 1
underneath the fuel line to
Throttle arm of #1901
absorb any spillage that
may occur . Certain
models require two
wrenches to remove the
fuel line; one to hold the
fitting on the carburetor
and the second to turn the
fitting on the fuel line. Use
a tubing wrench to avoid
rounding the tube fitting
nut.
Figure 2
Page 1 of 4
Throttle arm of #1902,#1903,#1904 &#1906
Rev 02/02
7. Remove mounting nuts or bolts and or washers. Be sure to put them
where they won't fall into the intake manifold upon carburetor removal.
8. Remove carburetor, being careful not to spill any dirt into the intake
manifold. Immediately place a clean rag into the manifold to keep
foreign objects out.
9. Thoroughly remove old mounting gasket and clean mounting surface.
Inspect gasket and match to gasket included with new carburetor.
CARBURETOR PREPARATION
1. Place old and new carburetors side by side and transfer any accessories
that are needed onto the new carburetor.
CARBURETOR INSTALLATION
1. Remove rag from intake manifold and install new mounting gasket.
NOTE: Do not use any cement, glue or liquid gasket.
2. Carefully place new carburetor on gasket.
3. Replace all mounting bolts, nuts and washers. Hand tighten with a short
box end wrench, using even increments alternating between diagonally
opposed bolts. Use stock mounting bolts or Edelbrock Q-Jet Bolt Kit
#1925. CAUTION: Overtightening may break carb base.
4. For models with externally mounted fuel filters, install new fuel filter,
starting threads by hand to avoid crossing or stripping threads. Replace
any old or cracked hoses with new hoses designed for use with fuel.
5. Hook up fuel line to fuel filter. Start threads by hand. NOTE: Be sure
threads are properly aligned before tightening to avoid crossing or
stripping threads. When tightening fuel line use two wrenches; one to
hold the fitting on the carburetor and the second to turn the fuel line
fitting. Use a tubing wrench to avoid rounding the tube fitting nut.
6. Re-connect throttle linkage, wires, hoses, etc. Your Edelbrock carburetor
may have more vacuum outlets than the original. Leave the caps on
those outlets which won't be used.
NOTE: #1901 and #1902 will accept the stock idle speed
compensator bracket, GM #7042682.
7. Re-connect the air cleaner being careful not to over-tighten the
mounting nut which could damage the carburetor. Install a new air filter
(if needed) and re-connect all hoses.
IMPORTANT NOTE: With engine off, make sure that there is no
interference when opening and closing the throttle. Be sure that there
is no binding or hanging up between idle and wide open throttle as this
could cause the throttle to stick, resulting in loss of engine speed
control.
8. Re-connect the negative battery cable to the battery.
B
C
A
I
D
E
F
G
E
H
Front View of #1901 and #1902
J
K
B
C
L
H
M
D
E
E
G
F
I
Front View of #1903, #1904 and #1906
LEGEND
A - Diverter Port
B - Choke Pull-down
C - Fuel Inlet
D - Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Port
E - Idle Mixture Screws
F - Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) Port
G - Canister Purge
H - Distributor Port
I - Idle Speed Screw
J - Accessory Port
K - Bowl Vent
L - Hot Air (#1903 only)
M - Fast Idle Screw
N - Clean Air (#1903 only)
O - 1/4" N.P.T. (Power Brake Port)
© 2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Brochure No. 63-0073
N
O
A
Typical Rear View
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Rev 02/02
CARBURETOR TESTING
1. Be wary of fuel leaks! If a fuel leak occurs, stop immediately and repair the
leak. Failure to do so could result in engine fire and serious injury.
NOTE: The following adjustments can affect vehicle emissions. Laws in
your area may govern these emissions.
2. Set idle adjustments per factory recommendations for your vehicle.
3. The choke system is pre-set at the factory. However, minor adjustments
may be required. Adjust using factory specifications for your vehicle.
IDLE MIXTURE ADJUSTMENT
parts, and Edelbrock makes choke linkage kits for use with Performer
manifolds. Use Choke Kit #1931 for small-block Chevy Performers with
divorced choke carbs #1901 & #1902; use Choke Kit #1935 for big-block
Chevy Performers with divorced choke carbs #1901 & #1902. Figure 4
shows typical hot air choke connections as used on carburetor #1903.
Stock manifolds can use original equipment choke parts, and Edelbrock
makes choke linkage kits for use with Performer manifolds. Use Choke
Kit #1930 for small-block Chevy Performers with hot air choke carb
#1903; use Choke Kit #1934 for big-block Chevy Performers with hot air
choke carb #1903. Some OE Q-Jet carbs with hot air chokes use a screw
on nut located at the rear of the choke housing. For these applications,
we recommend the use of the Edelbrock #1932. Some models use
auxiliary vacuum diaphragm on the passenger side rear of carb, remove
the diaphragm and install on the Edelbrock carb. Electric choke
carburetor #1904 and #1906 require a 12-volt lead that is hot only when
the ignition is on.
The Edelbrock Performer Replacement Series Carburetor for Q-Jet
applications has conventional Idle Mixture Screws (IMS) that provide a
leaner Air/Fuel (A/F) ratio when turned clockwise and richer A/F ratio when
turned counterclockwise. The idle air flow is controlled by a conventional
screw that opens the primary throttles. The following procedure should be
used to set the idle mixture and speed.
1. Fully warm engine and ensure choke is fully open.
2. Install air cleaner.
3. Set desired speed with the air screw.
4. Adjust the IMS on one side to get the maximum possible rpm or highest
vacuum if you are using a manifold vacuum gauge. Do not go rich beyond
the maximum speed point.
5. If the procedure above changed the idle speed more than 40 rpm, then readjust the idle speed.
6. Adjust the opposite side of that in Step 4 to get maximum rpm or vacuum.
7. Reset the speed.
8. Carefully trim each IMS to again get the maximum idle rpm or manifold
vacuum.
Figure 4- Hot air choke
Figure 3- Divorced choke
9. Go leaner just enough to get a 20 rpm drop in speed.
(#1903)
(#1901 and #1902)
10. Reset the speed to the desired rpm.
11. This is a Lean-Best Idle Set. Setting richer than this will not improve idle Edelbrock Q-Jet Rebuild Kits
The Edelbrock Performer Replacement Series Carburetors for Q-Jet
quality or performance, but could cause higher hydrocarbon emissions and
applications can be rebuilt with the following rebuild kits:
tend to foul spark plugs.
12. Emission legal carburetors #1903, #1904 and #1906 are supplied with
Rebuild Kit #
Carb #s
tamper resistant protective metal caps for idle mixture screw wells. These
1901 & #1902
#1920
covers should be installed following completion of final idle mixture
1903, #1904 & #1906
#1921
adjustments. NOTE: Use idle mixture adjustment tool K&D #2776 or
equivalent.
Replacement Fuel Filters
The Edelbrock Performer Replacement Series Carburetors for Q-Jet
WINTER FUEL IDLE SETS
applications has a replaceable fuel filter element behind the Fuel Inlet Nut.
During the winter months (in most parts of the country) the local fuel will be
Replacement filters are available as follows:
a "winter" blend that is very volatile, as an assist to cold-engine starting
and driveability during warm-up. However, the high volatility has the
Carb #s
Fuel Filter #
disadvantage of allowing excessive vaporization of the fuel if the vehicle is
1901 & #1902
#1970
operated in a heated area such as a garage. This can result in problems in
1903, #1904 & #1906
#1971
the idle-set procedures since the carburetor's internal vents will allow this
excess vapor to be drawn into the throats and enrichen the mixture. The idle
Q-JET CARBS WITH EGR VACUUM PORTS
will be erratic and not seem to be able to hold a set. To resolve this
The original carb on some Chevy/GMC trucks and Suburbans has the EGR
problem, it is advisable to perform the final settings outdoors after the
vacuum port machined higher in the carb venturi than the Edelbrock Qvehicle has been stabilized with a drive of several miles.
Jet. This may have an effect on off-idle performance resulting in a flat
FAST IDLE SOLENOID BRACKETS:
spot. If you get a flat spot off-idle after installing the Edelbrock Q-Jet
Your original Fast Idle Solenoid Bracket should mount to the Edelbrock Qcarb, you may need to install a vacuum delay valve. A simple test will let
Jet Series carburetor. If a replacement bracket is desired, use GM
you know if the delay valve is needed: a) Temporarily remove and plug the
#7042682 for #1901 and #1902. Edelbrock #1997 is an adapter to connect
vacuum line to the EGR valve. If the flat spot disappears, you will need to
a factory vacuum operated throttle kicker to carburetor #1903, #1904 and
purchase a vacuum delay valve (GM #14020691) and install it in the
#1906.
vacuum line between the carb and the EGR valve. This valve will delay the
CHOKE LINKAGE INSTALLATION
opening of the EGR valve long enough for the carburetor to transition
The Edelbrock Performer Replacement Series Carburetors for
through the off-idle phase without a stumble, then the EGR circuit will
Q-Jet applications have three different types of chokes; divorced (remote),
operate normally.
hot air, and electric. Figure 3 shows typical divorced choke linkage used
on #1901 and #1902. The metal housing which snaps in place over the
Note: The vacuum line to the EGR valve should only be removed
choke coil on manifold has been left off to show choke rod/coil relationship.
temporarily as a test to determine whether the delay valve is
The metal housing should be installed on your engine, as it retains the
needed. You must re-install the vacuum line to the EGR valve in
choke rod in the coil. Stock manifolds can use original equipment choke
compliance with local and/or federal law!
© 2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Brochure No. 63-0073
Page 3 of 4
Rev 02/02
© 2002 Edelbrock Corporation
Brochure No. 63-0073
Edelbrock Corporation
2700 California St.
Torrance, CA 90503
Tech Line: 1-800-416-8628
E-Mail: edelbrock@edelbrock.com
Page 4 of 4
THE FOLLOWING TROUBLESHOOTING CHART COVERS ONLY THE MOST COMMON PROBLEMS
Rev 02/02
IMPROPER VACUUM: If rough idle cannot be cured by any of the vacuum leak checks, connect a vacuum gauge to a suitable source of full manifold vacuum. If the gauge needle fluctuates, it
indicated internal engine problems.
ROUGH IDLE: Rough idle is often caused by an air leak in the vacuum lines, or by dirt in the air bleeds. Disconnect the vacuum lines one at a time and plug the hose end and the fitting at the
carburetor. If the idle roughness disappears, it indicates a leak.
HESITATION: It is not unusual for hesitation upon acceleration to be caused by the carburetor's storage time. Allow a few hours of operation for the internal gaskets to become wet, and the
problem will usually cure itself.
FLOODING: Carburetor flooding immediately after installation is usually due to dirt or foreign matter lodged under the float needle. Gently tap on the air horn over the fuel inlet area with the
head of a screwdriver. If flooding does not stop, pinch the fuel line (if possible), start engine and run until it stalls. Then release the pinched line. If flooding still persists, drain the fuel and restart.
HARD STARTING: When starting the engine for the first time, it maybe difficult to start until fuel reaches the carburetor.
TROUBLESHOOTING INSTRUCTIONS
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