User`s manual | Edimax Technology AR-6024 Network Router User Manual

ADSL Broadband Router
AR-6024
User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Specification................................................................................................................ 2
Package Contents ....................................................................................................... 5
Hardware Connecting.................................................................................................. 6
LED Indicators............................................................................................................. 7
General Setting ........................................................................................................... 8
One Page Setup--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12
Status ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14
Router ......................................................................................................... 14
ADSL .......................................................................................................... 16
PPP............................................................................................................. 17
Advanced Setting ...................................................................................................... 22
ADMINISTRATION ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23
WAN............................................................................................................ 23
LAN............................................................................................................. 29
DNS ............................................................................................................ 31
NAT ............................................................................................................. 32
Port Forwarding .......................................................................................... 34
ADSL Configuration .................................................................................... 35
RIP Configuration........................................................................................ 36
Firewall ....................................................................................................... 37
Service Filtering .......................................................................................... 41
Diagnostic Test............................................................................................ 49
Router Table................................................................................................ 51
MAC Filtering .............................................................................................. 52
Security -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
Admin Password ......................................................................................... 53
User Password............................................................................................ 54
Misc Configuration ...................................................................................... 55
System Log ................................................................................................. 57
Code Update............................................................................................... 58
Status ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 59
Router ......................................................................................................... 59
ADSL .......................................................................................................... 61
WAN Status................................................................................................. 62
ATM Status.................................................................................................. 63
TCP connections......................................................................................... 64
Learned MAC Table .................................................................................... 65
PPP Status.................................................................................................. 66
Save Settings/Reboot ................................................................................. 67
Appendix ................................................................................................................... 68
1
Specification
4-Port Ethernet ADSL Router
Features
‹
‹
‹
‹
ADSL Compliance
ANSI T1.413 i2
ITU G.992.1 (G.dmt) Annex A, B
ITU G.992.2 (G.lite)
Maximum downstream rate of 8Mbps
Maximum upstream rate of 1Mbps
Dying Gasp (optional)
ATM Protocols and Encapsulations
PPP over ATM (RFC 2364)
PPP over Ethernet (RFC 2516)
Bridged/Routed Ethernet over ATM (RFC 1483)
Classical IP over ATM (RFC 1577)
ATM Forum UNI 3.1/4.0 PVC
10 PVCs (simultaneous and encapsulation independent)
VPI/VCI range 0-255, 0-65536
Encapsulation hunting of up to 8 pre-defined VPI/VCI & encapsulation sets
ATM AAL5 (Adaption Layer type 5) UBR & CBR
OAM F4/F5
Bridging Functionality
IEEE 802.1D (self learning transparent bridge)
256 MAC Addresses support
PPP Half Bridge - No 3rd party PPPoE client software required
Routing Functionality
Static IP routing (configurable route table)
RIPv2 (backward compatible with RIPv1)
2
DHCP server/client/relay agent
PPP auto reconnect and configurable timeouts
PPP auto reconnect on WAN access
PPP Auto, PAP, and CHAP
128 character support for PPPx username/passwords
DNS proxy
NAT, NAPT & Dynamic NAPT
ALG support (FTP, SMTP/POP3, ICMP, NNTP, RTSP, IRC, CuSeeMe, Telnet,
Messenger, EPIC games, id games, Sierra studios games)
Wild Card DMZ
Virtual server (Port mapping)
‹
‹
VPN pass through (IPSec - ESP Tunnel mode, L2TP, PPTP)
Bridge filtering
ICMP
IGMP
MAC Address Spoofing
Auto VPI/VCI PPPoE/PPPoA detection
Multiple PPP sessions per PVC
Management
HTTP client and server
Password protection (2 levels)
Configurable Web pages
FTP server and client (for network upgrade)
Local firmware upgrade via Web configuration pages
Remote firmware upgrade via FTP client
Restore to Factory defaults via Web or hardware reset
7 layer diagnostics with links to help pages
System logging
Inner pair / Outer pair / Auto-detection of RJ-11
Ethernet Features
IEEE 802.3/802.3u auto-negotiation compliant
Auto sense 10/100 Full or Half duplex mode
Half duplex - back pressure flow control
Full duplex - IEEE 802.3x flow control
Crossover Detection and Auto Correction
3
‹
‹
Hardware
LAN: 4-Port 10/100Base-T (RJ-45)
ADSL: One Port (RJ-11)
Power: 9VAC 800mA
LED indicators: Power, Ready (Status), ADSL, LAN*4
Reset button
Certification: FCC Part 15/Part 68, CE, LVD
Application Diagram
Internet
4
Package Contents
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
ADSL Router
CD-ROM containing Manual
Ethernet Cable (CAT5 UTP Straight-Through)
ADSL Cable (Standard telephone cable)
USB Cable (Optional)
Power Adapter
Quick Installation Guide hardcopy
5
Hardware Connecting
4 Port Ethernet ADSL Router
Factory Reset
Splitter (optional and
changes depending on
country specification)
RJ-45 Ethernet port connect
Ethernet cable here
RJ-11 ADSL port connect
ADSL cable here
6
Power Adapter (9VAC/800mA)
Power cord connect here
LED Indicators
4 Port Ethernet ADSL Router
Label
Meaning
Status
Indicates
PWR
Power
On
Power is on
WAN Link
Off
Flashing
On
Power is off
Link being attempted by router.
Link established
Off
Flashing
No link
Flashes when data is being sent or
received on the LAN connection.
On
Indicates a link to your LAN or Network
card is active.
Indicates no link to LAN
RDY
LAN 1/ LAN 2/ LAN Link
LAN 3/ LAN 4
Off
7
General Setting
You can use the RJ 45 cable or the USB cable connect to the ADSL Router. Please
see the connecting procedures as below:
Move your cursor as following sequence Start \ Settings \ Control
Panel and click Control Panel. Then double-click on the Network Connections
In the LAN or High-Speed Internet window, right-click on icon
corresponding to your network interface card (NIC) and select Properties.(This
icon may be labeled Local Area Connection).
In the General Tab of the Local Area Connection Properties menu.
8
Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) under “This connection uses the following
items.” by click on it once. Click on the Properties button.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically: by clicking once in the
circle. Click OK button to confirm and save your changes, and the close the
Control Panel.
Release IP & Renew IP, then Check Default Gateway: 10.0.0.2
9
Launch your PC web browser and enter the URL: 10.0.0.2
In the User name/Password prompt, please type in admin/epicrouter
as default.
10
Now you can start browsing the web through the ADSL device.
11
One Page Setup
When working with wide area connections, the first thing you must do is to have the
handle of the connection. Once you have the handle for a Connection you must define
the PVC and protocol settings for it.
LAN IP Address & Subnet Mask: The default is 10.0.0.2and 255.255.255.0 you can
change it to another private IP address, such as 211.22.10.191 and 255.0.0.0.
For most configurations it is recommended to leave it as default.
Service Name: Enter the name of your ISP. This information is for identification
purposes only.
Username: Enter the username provided by your ISP.
12
Password: Enter the password provided by your ISP.
Disconnect Timeout: Disconnect Timeout means the router will disconnect after
being idle for a preset amount of time.
WAN Type: Select type from the list.
VC Settings
VPI: If instructed to change this, type in the VPI value for the initial connection (using
PVC 0). Default = 8.
VCI: If instructed to change this, type in the VCI value for the initial connection (using
PVC 0). Default = 35.
Static IP Address: Enter the IP address provided by your ISP. such as
192.168.241.101.
Subnet Mask: Set your Subnet Mask such as 255.255.255.0
BRIDGE
Mode: Select Enable or Disable from the list.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
13
Status
Router
The Home page shows the Firmware Version and WAN and LAN interface status.
Firmware Version: This field displays the Firmware Version number.
WAN: These fields display the IP Address, Subnet Mask, MAC Address for WAN
interface.
14
LAN: These fields display the IP Address, Subnet Mask, MAC Address for LAN
interface.
Number of Ethernet devices connected to the DHCP server: This field displays the
number of DHCP clients connected to the ADSL Router. It also shows the IP
address and MAC address of the attached DHCP clients.
15
ADSL
The ADSL Status page shows the ADSL physical layer status.
Showtime Firmware Version: This field displays the ADSL data pump firmware
version number.
Line State: This field displays the ADSL connection process and status.
Modulation: This field displays the ADSL modulation status for G.dmt or T1.413.
Annex Mode: This field displays the ADSL Annex modes for Annex A or Annex B.
Startup Attempts: This field displays the ADSL connection attempts after loss of
showtime.
Max Tx Power: This field displays the transmit output power level of the CPE.
Co Vendor: This field displays the Central Office DSLAM vendor name. If available.
Elaspsed Time: This field displays the time of the modem has been in operation.
16
PPP
The PPP Status page shows the status of PPP for each PPP interface. See PPP.
These fields display the following information on each PPP interface:
‹ Connection Name (user defined)
‹ Interface (PVC)
‹ Mode (PPPoE or PPPoA)
‹ Status (Connected or Not Connected)
‹ Packets Sent
‹ Packets Received
‹ Bytes Sent
‹ Byte Received
Connect and Disconnect: Each PPP session can be individually controlled, simply
enter the desired connection number into the “Connection #” field and select
either connect or disconnect from the drop down menu and click on the “Execute”
button.
17
WAN Configuration: The WAN configuration page allows the user to set the
configuration WAN/ADSL ports.
Per VC Settings
Virtual Circuit: Selection Enable or Disable.
VPI: If instructed to change this, type in the VPI value for the initial connection (using
PVC 0). Default = 0.
VCI: If instructed to change this, type in the VCI value for the initial connection (using
PVC 0). Default = 0
MAC Spoofing: MAC Spoofing is developed to solve the scenario when the ISP only
recognizes one MAC address. Copy the ISP-recognized MAC address here.
ATM
Service Category: UBR and CBR are supported from the ATM.
18
Bandwidth: Bandwidth setting takes effect only when the CBR is selected. The
maximum available bandwidth is from the upstream data rate of ADSL status
page.
ENCAPSULATION: Selection follow as Table-1 Configuration
BRIDGE: Enabling bridge mode will place the unit into Transparent bridge mode (like
a Ethernet ADSL modem) to use this mode you should also set your WAN type to
a Bridging option (e.g RFC1482 Bridge using LLC).
IGMP: IGMP relay/proxy specification and environment:
Support IGMP proxy/relay function for ADSL modem, based on the following
requirement and case:
On CO side, there must be at least one IGMP querier (router) present. IGMP
querier will send IGMP query packet. The ADSL modem is responsible to relay
these IGMP query to Ethernet.
End-user multicast application device send IGMP report while receiving IGMP
query or being activated by user, the ADSL modem should be responsible to
proxy (that is, change source IP to ADSL modem’s WAN IP) the IGMP report to
ADSL WAN side, include all PVCs. The same case is for IGMP leave packet.
Not necessary to relay multicast routing between two ADSL PVCs or two
interfaces in LAN side.
Special purpose multicast packet (such as RIP 2 packet) should run without
interference.
19
Table-1 Configuration
WAN
Configuration
Bridge Mode
Router Mode
(PPPoA/PPPoE)
Router Mode
(Dynamic IP)
Router Mode
(Static IP)
IP address
N/A
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Provided by ISP
Subnet Mask
N/A
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Provided by ISP
WAN Type
1483 Bridged
IP LLC,
1483 Bridged
IP VC-Mux
PPPoA
LLC/VC-Mux,
PPPoE
LLC/VC-Mux
1483
Bridged/Routed
IP LLC,
1483
1483
Bridged/Routed
IP LLC,
1483
Bridged/Routed
VC-Mux,
Classical IP over
ATM
Bridged/Routed
VC-Mux,
Classical IP over
ATM
Bridge
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
PPP Service
N/A
Provided by ISP
N/A
N/A
PPP User
name
N/A
Provided by ISP
N/A
N/A
PPP
Password
N/A
Provided by ISP
N/A
N/A
DHCP Client
enable
Unchecked
Unchecked
Checked
Unchecked
Action
Notes
Table-2
Rx Entity
ADSL
Ethernet
Packet Class
TTL
IGMP query
1
Relay to Ethernet
IGMP report
1
Ignore
IGMP leave
1
Ignore
General Multicast IP
-
Relay it to Ethernet.
IGMP query
1
Ignore
IGMP report
1
Relay to all ADSL PVC
IGMP leave
1
Relay to all ADSL PVC
General Multicast IP
-
Ignore
20
PPP: The current release supports multiple PPP sessions per PVC. The PPP
configuration in the WAN configuration page is for the first PPP session for each
PVC. The predefined PPP Account Name (Account ID) is “Simple PPP Account
0” for PVC0 and predefined PPP Connection Name is “Simple PPP Session 0” for
PVC0. For the other PVC X, the predefined account name and connection name
will be Simple PPP Account X and Simple PPP Session X. X is the PVC number
from 1 to 7.
It can support up to total of 16 PPP sessions, and each PVC can support up to 8
PPP sessions, the multiple PPP sessions may be configured with any
combination over 8 PVCs.
Service Name: The service name of PPP is required by some ISPs. If the ISP does
not provide the Service Name, please leave it blank.
Username: Your user name provided by your ISP.
Password: Your password provided bye your ISP.
Disconnect Timeout: The Disconnect Timeout allows the user to set the specific
period of time to disconnect from the ISP. The default is 0, which means never
disconnect from the ISP.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit indicates the peer of PPP connection the maximum size
of the PPP information field this device can be received. The default value is 1492
and is used in the beginning of the PPP negotiation. In the normal negotiation, the
peer will accept this MRU and will not send packet with information field larger
than this value.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit indicates the network stack of any packet is larger
than this value will be fragmented before the transmission. During the PPP
negotiation, the peer of the PPP connection will indicates its MRU and will be
accepted. The actual MTU of the PPP connection will be set to the smaller one of
MTU and the peer’s MRU. The default is value 1492.
MSS: Maximum Segment Size is the largest size of data that TCP will send in a single
IP packet. When a connection is established between a LAN client and a host in
the WAN side, the LAN client and the WAN host will indicate their MSS during the
TCP connection handshake. The default value is 1432.
Automatic Reconnect: When it is checked, it will maintain the PPP connection all the
time. If the ISP shut down the PPP connection, it will automatically reconnect
PPP session.
DHCP: Use Table-1 to configure a valid setting for each PVC.
Host Name: Required by some ISPs. If the ISP does not provided the Host name,
21
please leave it blank.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
22
Advanced Setting
ADMINISTRATION
The links under the ADMINISTRATION column are associated to the pages that
represent the configurations of system and interfaces.
Note: When the configurations are changed, please click the Save Setting and
Reboot button.
WAN
The WAN configuration page allows the user to set the configuration for WAN/ADSL
ports.
23
Per VC Settings
Virtual Circuit: Selection Enable or Disable.
VPI: If instructed to change this, type in the VPI value for the initial connection (using
PVC 0). Default = 0.
VCI: If instructed to change this, type in the VCI value for the initial connection (using
PVC 0). Default = 0
MAC Spoofing: MAC Spoofing is developed to solve the scenario when the ISP only
recognizes one MAC address. Copy the ISP-recognized MAC address here.
ATM
Service Category: UBR and CBR are supported from the ATM.
Bandwidth: Bandwidth setting takes effect only when the CBR is selected. The
maximum available bandwidth is from the upstream data rate of ADSL status
page.
ENCAPSULATION: Selection follow as Table-1 Configuration
BRIDGE: Enabling bridge mode will place the unit into Transparent bridge mode (like
a Ethernet ADSL modem) to use this mode you should also set your WAN type to
a Bridging option (e.g RFC1482 Bridge using LLC).
IGMP: IGMP relay/proxy specification and environment:
Support IGMP proxy/relay function for ADSL modem, based on the following
requirement and case:
On CO side, there must be at least one IGMP querier (router) present. IGMP
querier will send IGMP query packet. The ADSL modem is responsible to relay
these IGMP query to Ethernet.
24
End-user multicast application device send IGMP report while receiving IGMP
query or being activated by user, the ADSL modem should be responsible to
proxy (that is, change source IP to ADSL modem’s WAN IP) the IGMP report to
ADSL WAN side, include all PVCs. The same case is for IGMP leave packet.
Not necessary to relay multicast routing between two ADSL PVCs or two
interfaces in LAN side.
Special purpose multicast packet (such as RIP 2 packet) should run without
interference.
25
Table-1 Configuration
WAN
Configuration
Bridge Mode
Router Mode
(PPPoA/PPPoE)
Router Mode
(Dynamic IP)
Router Mode
(Static IP)
IP address
N/A
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Provided by ISP
Subnet Mask
N/A
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Automatically
assigned by ISP
Provided by ISP
WAN Type
1483 Bridged
IP LLC,
1483 Bridged
IP VC-Mux
PPPoA
LLC/VC-Mux,
PPPoE
LLC/VC-Mux
1483
Bridged/Routed
IP LLC,
1483
1483
Bridged/Routed
IP LLC,
1483
Bridged/Routed
VC-Mux,
Classical IP over
ATM
Bridged/Routed
VC-Mux,
Classical IP over
ATM
Bridge
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
PPP Service
N/A
Provided by ISP
N/A
N/A
PPP User
name
N/A
Provided by ISP
N/A
N/A
PPP
Password
N/A
Provided by ISP
N/A
N/A
DHCP Client
enable
Unchecked
Unchecked
Checked
Unchecked
Action
Notes
Table-2
Rx Entity
ADSL
Ethernet
Packet Class
TTL
IGMP query
1
Relay to Ethernet
IGMP report
1
Ignore
IGMP leave
1
Ignore
General Multicast IP
-
Relay it to Ethernet.
IGMP query
1
Ignore
IGMP report
1
Relay to all ADSL PVC
IGMP leave
1
Relay to all ADSL PVC
General Multicast IP
-
Ignore
26
PPP: The current release supports multiple PPP sessions per PVC. The PPP
configuration in the WAN configuration page is for the first PPP session for each
PVC. The predefined PPP Account Name (Account ID) is “Simple PPP Account
0” for PVC0 and predefined PPP Connection Name is “Simple PPP Session 0” for
PVC0. For the other PVC X, the predefined account name and connection name
will be Simple PPP Account X and Simple PPP Session X. X is the PVC number
from 1 to 7.
It can support up to total of 16 PPP sessions, and each PVC can support up to 8
PPP sessions, the multiple PPP sessions may be configured with any
combination over 8 PVCs.
Service Name: The service name of PPP is required by some ISPs. If the ISP does
not provide the Service Name, please leave it blank.
Username: Your user name provided by your ISP.
Password: Your password provided bye your ISP.
Disconnect Timeout: The Disconnect Timeout allows the user to set the specific
period of time to disconnect from the ISP. The default is 0, which means never
disconnect from the ISP.
MRU: Maximum Receive Unit indicates the peer of PPP connection the maximum size
of the PPP information field this device can be received. The default value is 1492
and is used in the beginning of the PPP negotiation. In the normal negotiation, the
peer will accept this MRU and will not send packet with information field larger
than this value.
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit indicates the network stack of any packet is larger
than this value will be fragmented before the transmission. During the PPP
negotiation, the peer of the PPP connection will indicates its MRU and will be
accepted. The actual MTU of the PPP connection will be set to the smaller one of
MTU and the peer’s MRU. The default is value 1492.
MSS: Maximum Segment Size is the largest size of data that TCP will send in a single
IP packet. When a connection is established between a LAN client and a host in
the WAN side, the LAN client and the WAN host will indicate their MSS during the
TCP connection handshake. The default value is 1432.
Automatic Reconnect: When it is checked, it will maintain the PPP connection all the
time. If the ISP shut down the PPP connection, it will automatically reconnect
PPP session.
DHCP: Use Table-1 to configure a valid setting for each PVC.
Host Name: Required by some ISPs. If the ISP does not provided the Host name,
27
please leave it blank.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
28
LAN
The LAN configuration page allows you to set the configuration for the LAN port.
LAN IP Address & Subnet Mask: The default is 10.0.0.2 and 255.0.0.0 you can
change it to another private IP address, such as 211.22.10.191 and
255.255.255.0. For most configurations it is recommended to leave it as default.
DHCP Server: System Allocated. The DHCP address pool is based on LAN port IP
address plus 12 IP address. For example, the LAN IP address is 10.0.0.2; the
DHCP address pool is at the range of 10.0.0.3 to 10.0.0.14.
User Defined: The DHCP address pool is at the range of User Defined Start Address
and User Defined End Address. The maximum pool size can be 253 IP
address:255 total IP address-1 broadcast address-1 LAN port IP address.
29
DHCP Gateway Selection: The default setting for the DHCP Gateway Selection is
“Automatic”. The user can select the “User Defined” to specify “User Defined
Gateway Address”. The DHCP server will issue the “ User Defined Gateway
Address” to the LAN DHCP client.
Lease time: The lease time is the amount of time of a network user will be allowed to
connect with DHCP server. If all fields are 0, the allocated IP address will be
effective forever.
User mode: Under the Single User mode, the DHCP server only allocates one IP
address to local PC. Under the Multiple User mode, the DHCP server allocates
the IP addresses specified by the DHCP address pool.
Ethernet Mode Setting: The Ethernet Mode Configuration page allows the user to set
the LAN port into Auto Sense, 100 Mbps Full Duplex, 100 Mbps Half Duplex, 10
Mbps Full Duplex or 10 Mbps Half Duplex.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
30
DNS
The DNS Configuration page allows you to set the configuration of DNS proxy.
Disable DNS Proxy: The LAN port does not process the DNS query message. For
the DHCP requests from local PCs, the DHCP server will set the user-configured
preferred DNS sever or alternate DNS server whichever is available as the DNS
server. Then all DNS query messages will be directly sent to the DNS servers.
Use Auto Discovered DNS Servers Only: The DNS proxy will store the DNS server
IP addresses obtained from DHCP client or PPP into the table. And all DNS query
messages will be sent to one of the dynamically obtained DNS servers.
Use User Configured DNS Servers Only: The DNS proxy will use the
user-configured preferred DNS server and alternate DNS server. And all DNS
query message will be sent to one of DNS servers.
Auto Discovery + User Configured: The DNS proxy’s table has all the IP addresses
of dynamically obtained and user configured DNS servers.
User Configuration: Place your primary and secondary DNS addresses here.
31
NAT
The NAT Configuration page allows users to set the configuration for the Network
Address Translation. The default setting is Dynamic NAPT. It provides dynamic
Network Address Translation capability between LAN and multiple WAN connections,
and the LAN traffic is routed to appropriate WAN connections based on the destination
IP address and Route Table. This eliminates the need for the static NAT session
configuration between multiple LAN clients and multiple WAN connections.
When the Dynamic NAPT is chosen, there is no need to configure the NAT Session
and NAT Session Name Configuration.
The NAT option only maps single WAN IP address to the local PC IP address. It is
peer-to-peer mapping. (1x1) for each WAN interface, only one local PC IP address
can be associated with each WAN interface. Click the link Session Name
Configuration to add the session name for WAN interface.
The NAPT option only maps single WAN IP address to many local PCs IP address.
(1xN). It is the multiple-mapping mechanism. For each WAN Interface, more than one
local PC can be associated with one WAN Interface. Click the link Session Name
Configuration to add the session name for WAN interface.
Session Name: This field allows the user to select the session form the configured
NAT Session Name Configuration.
User’s IP: This field allows the user to assign the IP address to map the
corresponding NAT/NAPT sessions.
Session Name Status will be displayed at the middle of this page to show the
corresponding Session Name with its IP address.
32
Number of NAT Configurations: This field displays the total number of NAT
Sessions is entered.
Available Sessions Status will be displayed at the end of this page to show all the
Session Name with its WAN Interface.
Interface: This field allows the user to choose specific WAN Interface (PVC or PPP
Session) for NAT Session.
Number of Session: This field displays the total number of NAT Sessions Name is
entered.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
33
Port Forwarding
The Port Forwarding page allows the user define a port forwarding rule without using
the firewall policy database definitions and apply it to the connection.
Public Port: This field allows the user to enter the port number of Public Network.
Private Port: This field allows the user to enter the port number of the Private Network.
Host IP Address: This field allows the user to enter the private network IP address for
the particular server.
Well Known Ports:
Port
Protocol
21
FTP
23
Telnet
25
SMTP
43
Whois
53
DNS
69
TFTP
70
Gopher
79
Finger
80
HTTP
110
POP3
115
SFTP
161
SNMP
162
SNMP traps
34
ADSL Configuration
The ADSL Configuration page allows users to set the configuration for ADSL
protocols.
Trellis: This field allows the user to enable or disable the Trellis Code. By default, it is
always enabled.
Handshake Protocol: This field allows the user to select the ADSL handshake
protocol.
Wiring Selection: This field allows the user to enter the wiring selection for the RJ-11.
Tip/Rip is the default for the board without the inner/outer pair relay.
Bit Swapping: This field allows the user to enable or disable the upstream bit
swapping.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
35
RIP Configuration
The RIP System Wide Configuration page allows the user to set the configuration for
each Interface (PVCs, PPP Sessions, USB and LAN).
Interface: This field allows the user to choose the Interface (PVCs, PPP Sessions,
USB and LAN), for the RIP to be configured.
Enable: This field allows the user to Enable (Yes) or Disable (No) the Specified
interface for RIP.
Supplier: This field allows the user to select the Supplier Mode (RIP Transmit).
Disabled: The supplier transmit is disabled.
V1 BC: The supplier transmits in RIPv1 Broadcast.
V2 BC: The supplier transmits in RIPv2 Broadcast.
V2 MC: The supplier transmits in RIPv2 Multicast.
Listener: This field allows the user to select the Listener Mode (RIP Receive).
V1: The listener receives the RIPv1 only.
V2: The listener receives the RIPv2 only.
V1+V2: This listener receives the both RIPv1 and RIPv2.
Supplier and Listener are based on section 4.1 “Compatibility Switch” in RFC 1723.
Current RIP Settings: This field displays the each interface’s RIP status.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
36
Firewall
The Firewall page allows users to configure various database/firewall options and
Inbound/Outbound policies for controlling Inbound/Outbound traffic.
Firewall: This field allows the user to Disabled or Enabled Firewall.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
Protection Policy
IP Spoofing checking: IP spoofing is when an unauthorized user inserts the IP
address of an authorized user into the IP packets in order to gain access to a
network. Selecting this option will allow the firewall to check for and filter out this
discrepancy.
37
Ping of Death checking: Ping of Death is a type of DoS attack that uses a malformed
ICMP data packet that contains unusually large amounts of data that causes
TCP/IP to crash or behave irregularly. Enabling this will allow the firewall to filter
out packets containing Ping of Death properties.
Land Attack checking: Land attack is a type of DoS attack that works by sending a
spoofed packet containing the same source and destination IP address and port
(the victim’s IP address). This packet contains a connection request, resulting in a
handshake process. At the end of the handshake, the victim sends out an ACK
(ACKnowledge) request. Since the source and the destination are the same, the
victim receives the ACK request it just sent out. The received data does not
match what the victim is expecting, so it retransmits the ACK request. This
process repeats until the network crashes. Enabling the will allow the firewall to
filter out possible Land Attack packets.
Reassembly Attack checking: Reassembly Attack is a type of DoS attack that
exploits the weakness of the IP protocol reassembly process. As discussed
earlier in this user guide, packets undergo fragmentation when they exceed a
certain maximum size. Certain criteria define the packet fragmentation process so
that packets can be reassembled properly. In reassembly attack, the sub-packets
have malformed criteria (fragment offset), which can easily cause a system to
crash, freeze, or reboot. Enable this option to check for and filter out Reassembly
Attack packets.
SYN Flooding checking: Syn flooding is a type of DoS attack that is accomplished by
not sending the final acknowledgement to the receiving server’s SYN-ACK (SYN
chronize-ACKnowledge) in the final part of the handshake process. This causes
the serve to keep signaling until it is timed out. When a flood (many) of these
attacks are sent simultaneously, the server will probably overload and crash.
Enable SYN Flooding checking to filter out possible SYN flood packets.
ICMP Redirection checking: Also known as an ICMP storm attack or smurf attack,
ICMP redirection is another form of DoS. This attack is performed by sending
ICMP echo requests to a broadcast network node. The return IP address is
spoofed and replaced by the victim’s own address, causing it to send the request
back to itself. This causes the broadcast address to send it out to all the network
nodes in the broadcast area (usually the entire LAN). In turn, all those recipients
resend it back to the broadcast. The process repeats itself, gaining more
amplitude through each iteration and eventually causing a traffic overload and
crashing the network. Enable ICMP Redirection checking to filter out packets
38
containing the threat.
Source Routing checking: Source routing gives the sender of a packet the ability to
determine the exact route that an IP packet takes to get to the destination.
However, source routing can be used for malicious reasons. Using a source
routed packet, the sender could find out important information about nodes in a
network, making it easy to exploit any weakness. Enabling Source Routing
checking will cause the firewall to filter out any packet with Source Routing
properties.
WinNuke Attack checking: WinNuke exploits a large networking bug found in
Windows 95 and NT. WinNuke sends erroneous OOB (Out-of Band) data that
Windows is unable to process, causing the target computer to crash. Enable this
if you are running an early (95 or NT) version of Windows that is vulnerable to this
attack.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
39
Hacker Log
This page allows you to configure which Protection Policy (see previous section)
violations to log for admin viewing.
Alert Log: Enable/ Disable for SYN Flooding, Ping of Death, IP Spoofing, and
WinNuke (all of these are explained in the previous section). Enable to log
violations of individual policies.
General Log
Deny Policies: Enabling this will add Deny Policy violations to the log.
Allow Policies: Enabling this will add Allow Policy acceptances to the log.
Log Frequency: This field lets you specify how many records to keep of each event.
Default is 100. Range for Log Frequency Field is 1-65535.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
40
Service Filtering
Service Filtering allows you to disable service request from certain sources.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
41
Firewall Databases:
IP Group
The IP Group lets you specify IP Addresses (Single or Range) and Subnet Masks and
assign them to a group name for easy use when configuring inbound and out
bound policies for the firewall.
IP Entry Name: This is the name you assign to the group of IP addresses and subnet
masks. (The IP Entry Name can be up to 19 characters.)
IP addr. 1: This is the IP address or subnet mask you are specifying when creating a
groups.
IP addr. 2: This field is only active if you select to group a range of IP addresses or
subnet masks, in which case this is the end address of that range whereas the IP
addr 1 is the first address of that range.
IP/Mask: This field allows you to specify the address type assigned to the group.
Single IP: This will let you specify one IP address for a given group.
IP Range: This will let you specify a range of IP addresses for a given group, starting
with IP addr 1 and ending with IP addr 2.
Subnet Mask: This will let you specify a range of subnet masks for a given group.
42
Service Group
The Service Group lets you specify a Port and assign it to a group name for easy use
when configuring inbound and outbound policies for the firewall.
Service Entry Name: This is the name you assign to the group containing the port
number. (The Service Entry Name can be up to 19 characters.)
TCP/UDP: This specifies whether the port goes through TCP or UDP.
Port #: This is the port number associated with the group name. Range for Port #
1-65535.
43
Time Window
The Time Window lets you specify certain time periods and assign them to a group
name for easy use when configuring inbound and outbound policies for the firewall.
Time Window Name: This is the name you assign to the group that is given the time
designation. (The Time Window Name can be up to 19 characters.)
Time Period: This field allows you to specify the time period for both start time and
end time by selecting the day, hour, minute, and AM/PM.
44
Inbound/ Outbound Policies:
Inbound Policy
The Inbound Policy allows you to filter inbound (from the WAN into the user side LAN)
packets based on a set of rules. This enables you to deny access from different
sources and thus increase security.
Src IP: This specifies the Source IP for the Inbound Policy. This is the external (WAN
side, outside of the firewall) IP address or addresses and Subnet Masks that will
be affected by the policy. In this field there are two IP Address entry fields and a
dropdown menu has four options:
Any IP: Selecting this will cause all IPs to be affected by the policy. When this is
selected, you will be unable to enter any information into the IP Address entry
fields.
Single IP: Selecting this will cause only one IP Address to be affected by the policy.
This IP Address will need to be specified by the user in the first IP Address entry
field.
IP Range: Selecting this will enable you to select a range of IP Addresses to which the
policy will apply. The first IP Address in the range must be entered into the first IP
Address entry field and the last IP Address in the range must be entered into the
second IP Address entry field.
Mask Range: Selecting this will enable you to select a network to which the policy will
apply. The Network IP Address must be entered into the first entry field and the
Subnet Mask of Network IP address must be entered into the second entry field.
Dest IP: This specifies the Destination IP for the Inbound Policy. This is the internal
(LAN side, behind the firewall) IP address or addresses and network that will be
45
affected by the policy. See Src IP above for configuration detail.
Src Port: This specifies the Source Port for the Inbound Policy. This is the external
(WAN side, outside of the firewall) port(s) that will be affected by the policy. In this
field, there are two port entry fields and a dropdown menu. The dropdown menu
has four options:
Any Port: Selecting this will cause all Ports to be affected by the policy. When this is
selected, you will be unable to enter any information into the Port entry fields.
Single Port: Selecting this will cause only one Port to be affected by the policy. This
port will need to be specified by the user in the first Port entry field.
Port Range: Selecting this will enable you to select a range of Ports to which the
policy will apply. The first Port in the range must be entered in the first Port entry
field and the last Port in the range must be entered in the second Port entry field.
Safe Ports: Any port greater than 1024 (1025-65535) is considered a safe port.
Dest Port: This specifies the Destination Port for the Inbound Policy. This is the
internal (LAN side, behind the firewall) Port that will be affected by the policy. See
Src Port above for configuration detail.
Transport Protocol: This specifies the Transport/ Transfer protocol for the policy. The
following protocol options are available: All, TCP, UDP, ICMP, AH, ESP and GRE.
Filtering Action: This specifies what action the policy takes:
Allow: Selecting this will cause the policy to allow packet transfer from the Src IP
through the Src Port to travel through the Dest Port to the Dest IP. All of these are
specified above and must be configured by the user.
Deny: Selecting this will cause the policy to deny packet transfer from the Src IP
through the Src Port to travel through the Dest Port to the Dest IP. All of these are
specified above and must be configured by the user.
Time Window Filtering: This field allows you to select a certain time frame from the
Time Group in which this policy will be active.
DB: Short for Database, this field allows you to select a user-defined IP Group for the
Src IP and Dest IP fields and user-defined Service Group for the Dest Port.
User-defined IP and Service Groups are created in IP Group and Service Group
pages.
46
Outbound Policy
The Outbound Policy allows you to filter outbound (from the user side LAN to the WAN)
packets based on a set of rules. This enables you to deny access to different sources
and thus increase security.
Src IP: This specifies the Source IP for the Outbound Policy. This is the internal (LAN
side, behind the firewall) IP address or addresses and Subnet Mask(s) that will be
affected by the policy. In this field there are two IP Address entry fields and a
dropdown menu has four options:
Any IP: Selecting this will cause all IPs to be affected by the policy. When this is
selected, you will be unable to enter any information into the IP Address entry
fields.
Single IP: Selecting this will cause only one IP Address to be affected by the policy.
This IP Address will need to be specified by the user in the first IP Address entry
field.
IP Range: Selecting this will enable you to select a range of IP Addresses to which the
policy will apply. The first IP Address in the range must be entered into the first IP
Address entry field and the last IP Address in the range must be entered into the
second IP Address entry field.
Mask Range: Selecting this will enable you to select a network to which the policy will
apply. The Network IP Address must be entered into the first entry field and the
Subnet Mask of Network IP address must be entered into the second entry field.
Dest IP: This specifies the Destination IP for the Outbound Policy. This is the external
(WAN side, outside of the firewall) IP address or addresses and network that will
be affected by the policy. See Src IP above for configuration detail.
47
Src Port: This specifies the Source Port for the Outbound Policy. This is the internal
(LAN side, behind firewall) port(s) that will be affected by the policy. In this field,
there are two port entry fields and a dropdown menu. The dropdown menu has
four options:
Any Port: Selecting this will cause all Ports to be affected by the policy. When this is
selected, you will be unable to enter any information into the Port entry fields.
Single Port: Selecting this will cause only one Port to be affected by the policy. This
port will need to be specified by the user in the first Port entry field.
Port Range: Selecting this will enable you to select a range of Ports to which the
policy will apply. The first Port in the range must be entered in the first Port entry
field and the last Port in the range must be entered in the second Port entry field.
Safe Ports: Any port greater than 1024 (1025-65535) is considered a safe port.
Dest Port: This specifies the Destination Port for the Outbound Policy. This is the
external (WAN side, outside of the firewall) Port that will be affected by the policy.
See Src Port above for configuration detail.
Transport Protocol: This specifies the Transport/ Transfer protocol for the policy. The
following protocol options are available: All, TCP, UDP, ICMP, AH, ESP and GRE.
Filtering Action: This specifies what action the policy takes:
Allow: Selecting this will cause the policy to allow packet transfer from the Src IP
through the Src Port to travel through the Dest Port to the Dest IP. All of these are
specified above and must be configured by the user.
Deny: Selecting this will cause the policy to deny packet transfer from the Src IP
through the Src Port to travel through the Dest Port to the Dest IP. All of these are
specified above and must be configured by the user.
Time Window Filtering: This field allows you to select a certain time frame from the
Time Group in which this policy will be active.
DB: Short for Database, this field allows you to select a user-defined IP Group for the
Src IP and Dest IP fields and user-defined Service Group for the Dest Port.
User-defined IP and Service Groups are created in IP Group and Service Group
pages.
48
Diagnostic Test
The Diagnostic Test page shows the test results for the physical layer and protocol
layer for both LAN and WAN sides.
Testing Ethernet LAN Connection: This test checks the Ethernet LAN interface
connection.
Testing ADSL Synchronization: This test checks the ADSL showtime. If this test
returns FAIL, all other tests will be skipped.
Test ATM OAM segment Loop Back: This test sends ATM OAM F5 Segment
loop-back request cells to the CO. This test will pass if response cell is received.
Some service providers might not support this test. If this test fails consistently
and the ADSL modem does not seem to be working, make sure the VPI and VCI
are configured correctly.
Test ATM OAM End-to-End Loop Back: This test sends ATM OAM F5 End to End
loop back request cells to the CO. This test will pass if response cell is received.
Some service providers might not support this test. If this test return FAIL
consistently and the ADSL modem does not seem to be working, make sure the
VPI and VCI are configured correctly.
Test Ethernet Connect to ATM: This test checks the ATM AAL5 module is loaded
correctly.
Test PPP Layer Connection: This test checks the PPP authentication.
Test IP Connect to PPP: This test checks a valid IP address assigned from the
service provider. Please note that on some ADSL services this test may fail
despite the fact that you have connected correctly.
49
Ping Primary DNS: This test checks the primary DNS can be reached through pin
request.
Query DNS for www.conexant.com: This test checks the host name can be resolved
to IP address though domain name servers.
Ping www.conexant.com: This test checks the specified host can be reached
through pin request.
50
Router Table
The Router Table page displays routing table and allows the user to manually enter
the routing entry. The routing table will display the routing status of Destination,
Netmask, Gateway and Interface. The interface br0 means the USB interface; Io0
means the loopback interface and ppp1 means the PPP interface. The Gateway is the
learned Gateway.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
51
MAC Filtering
The MAC Filtering configuration page allows the user to set the configuration of IP
filtering. Enable and Disable MAC filtering by selecting the “Yes” or “No” radio buttons.
Source MAC: When the bridge filtering is enabled, enter the Source Mac address,
Select Block and click Add. Then all incoming WAN and LAN Ethernet packets
matched with this source MAC address will be filtered out. If the Forward is
selected, then the packets will be forwarded to the destination PC.
Destination MAC: When the bridge filtering is enabled, enter the Destination MAC
address, select Block and click Add. Then all incoming WAN and LAN Ethernet
packets matched with this destination MAC address will be filtered out. If the
Forward is selected, then the packets will be forwarded to the destination PC.
Type: Enter the hexadecimal number for the Ethernet type field in Ethernet_II packets.
52
Security
The links under Security are only to be accessed and configured, when it is login with
administrator login name and password.
Admin Password
The Admin Password Configuration page allows the user to set the password for
administrator.
User Name: admin
Password (default): epicrouter
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
53
User Password
The User Password Configuration page allows the Admin user to set the password for
the general user. When logged in as a general user you can view the basic status.
User Name: user
Password (default): password
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
54
Misc Configuration
The Miscellaneous Configuration allows the user to set all the miscellaneous
configurations.
HTTP server access: This field allows the user to configure the Web pages can be
accessed from.
ALL: When this field is checked, it allows both WAN and LAN access to the Web
pages.
Restricted LAN: This field allows the Web pages access from LAN side.
Restricted WAN Specified IP & Subnet Mask: This field allows the Web access from
WAN side with a specify IP and Subnet Mask.
HTTP server port: This field allows the user to specify the port of the Web access.
55
FTP server: This field allows the user to Enable or Disable the FTP connection. If you
want FTP access from the WAN side you must ensure there are no port forwards
for port 21.
TFTP server: This field allows the user to Enable or Disable the TFTP connection.
DMZ: A DMZ (De-Militarized Zone) is added between a protected network and an
external network, in order to provide an additional layer of security. When there is
a suspected packet coming from WAN, the firewall will forward this packet to the
DMZ host.
DMZ Host IP: The IP address of the DMZ host at LAN side.
DHCP Relay: If it is enabled, the DHCP requests from local PCs will forward to the
DHCP server runs on the WAN side of a network. To have this function working
properly, please disable the NAT to run on router mode only, disable the DHCP
server on the LAN port, and make sure the routing table has the correct routing
entry.
DHCP Target IP: The DHCP server runs on WAN side.
IGMP Proxy: Here is the global setting for IGMP Proxy. If it is enabled, then the
enabled IGMP Proxy on WAN PVCs will be working. Otherwise, no WAN PVC
can have IGMP Proxy working on it.
PPP connect on WAN access: If it is enabled, the PPP session will be automatically
established when there is packet wants to go out the WAN.
PPP Half Bridge: When the PPP Half Bridge is enabled, only one PC is able to
access the Internet and the DHCP server will duplicate the WAN IP address from
the ISP to the local client PC. Only the PC with the WAN IP address can access
the Internet. This function should only be used if one computer will be allowed to
connect to the internet (E.G a Software firewall computer or Proxy server).
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
56
System Log
The System Log page shows the events triggered by the system.
To clear the System Log simply click on the Clear Log button.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
57
Code Update
The code Update page allows the user to upload new firmware to the ADSL Router.
To upload new firmware:
1. Download the latest firmware image from the website.
2. Save the file to your Desktop or other location.
3. Select the Browse button and locate the file saved in step 2.
4. Click on the Update button to start the process.
5. Once the upgrade has been completed the router will need to reboot.
58
Status
Router
The Home page shows the Firmware Version and WAN and LAN interface status.
Firmware Version: This field displays the Firmware Version number.
WAN: These fields display the IP Address, Subnet Mask, MAC Address for WAN
interface.
LAN: These fields display the IP Address, Subnet Mask, MAC Address for LAN
interface.
Number of Ethernet devices connected to the DHCP server: This field displays the
59
number of DHCP clients connected to the ADSL Wireless Router. It also shows
the IP address and MAC address of the attached DHCP clients.
60
ADSL
The ADSL Status page shows the ADSL physical layer status.
Showtime Firmware Version: This field displays the ADSL data pump firmware
version number.
Line State: This field displays the ADSL connection process and status.
Modulation: This field displays the ADSL modulation status for G.dmt or T1.413.
Annex Mode: This field displays the ADSL Annex modes for Annex A or Annex B.
Startup Attempts: This field displays the ADSL connection attempts after loss of
showtime.
Max Tx Power: This field displays the transmit output power level of the CPE.
Co Vendor: This field displays the Central Office DSLAM vendor name. If available.
Elaspsed Time: This field displays the time of the modem has been in operation.
61
WAN Status
The WAN Status page shows the information and status of WAN PVCs.
WAN: These fields display the IP Address, Subnet Mask and MAC Address for the
WAN (ADSL) interface. Use the Virtual Circuit selection to selection different PVC
for status display.
62
ATM Status
The ATM Status page shows all the statistics information of ATM cells.
Reset Counters: This button allows user to reset the ATM Status counter.
63
TCP connections
The TCP Status page shows the statistics for all TCP connections.
64
Learned MAC Table
The Learned MAC Table page shows the current learned Bridge MAC table.
Aging Timeout: This field allows the user to enter the update period for the MAC
table.
Note: Click the Submit button to save the settings in temporary memory. If you make
changes the configurations.
65
PPP Status
The PPP Status page shows the status of PPP for each PPP interface. See PPP.
These fields display the following information on each PPP interface:
‹ Connection Name (user defined)
‹ Interface (PVC)
‹ Mode (PPPoE or PPPoA)
‹ Status (Connected or Not Connected)
‹ Packets Sent
‹ Packets Received
‹ Bytes Sent
‹ Byte Received
Connect and Disconnect: Each PPP session can be individually controlled, simply
enter the desired connection number into the “Connection #” field and select
either connect or disconnect from the drop down menu and click on the “Execute”
button.
66
Save Settings/Reboot
The Save Settings/Reboot page allows users to save the new configuration to the
flash and reboot the system.
When the configurations are changed via the Web pages, the settings need to be
saved into the flash, so it is necessary to go to this Save Settings/Reboot page to save
and reboot the system for the changes to be taken effect.
During the Save and Reboot, the following Web page will be displayed “Your setting
are being saved and the modem is being rebooted. Please wait…. After the Save and
Reboot, the following Web page will be displayed “Your setting have been saved and
the modem has rebooted.”
The Reboot without Saving page allows the user to reboot the system without save the
new configuration to the flash.
During the Reboot, the following Web page will be displayed “The modem is being
rebooted. Please wait….” After the Reboot, the following Web page will be displayed
“The modem has rebooted”.
67
Appendix
Country
ISP
Australia
All Internet providers
PVC
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:0
Belgium
Canada
VCI:33
Telus
Cybercity
Danmark
Tiscali
1 & 1 Internet DSL
AOL DSL
Arcor DSL
Freenet DSL
Fireline networks
Deutschland
GMX Internet
Hansenet
Netcologne
Schlund
Snafu ADSL
68
VPI:0
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:1
VCI:35
VPI:1
VCI:32
Country
ISP
Tiscali
PVC
VPI:1
VCI:32
T-online
Anderer Anbieter
Wannadoo
France
Tiscali
ISRAEL
KPN PPPoE LLC
Telecom Italia
Italian
Rest oil presente
KPN PPPoA VC-MuX
Netherlands
BBeyond Bridge LLC
BBeyond PPPoA VC-MuX
New Zealand
New Zealand Telecom
Portugal
Todos os apresentador
Albura
Spanish
Colt Teeccom
Earth
69
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:48
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:48
VPI:0
VCI:33
VPI:0
VCI:35
VPI:0
VCI:100
VPI:0
VCI:35
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:0
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:32
Country
ISP
Eresmas
PVC
VPI:8
VCI:35
Jazztel
Ola Internet
Retevision
Terra
Spanish
Tiscali
Telefornica
Telepac
Uni2
Ya.com
Wanadoo
Island ssimi
Suomi
Landssimi
Vortex
Switserland
Alle anbieter
Sverige
Skanova
70
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:0
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:32
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:1
VCI:33
VPI:8
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:32
VPI:0
VCI:35
VPI:8
VCI:48
VPI:8
VCI:48
VPI:1
VCI:32
VPI:8
VCI:35
Country
ISP
Hinet
Seednet
United Kingdom
VPI:0
VCI:33
Taiwan
United Arab Emirates
PVC
VPI:0
VCI:33
Etisalat Classical IP Single VPI:8
User
VCI:35
Etisalat Classical IP for
Business
British Telecom
71
VPI:8
VCI:35
VPI:0
VCI:38
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