Edimax Technology Broadband Router Network Router User Manual

NAS Broadband Router
User’s Manual
0
Introduction................................................................................................................................................3
Features......................................................................................................................................................3
Minimum Requirements.............................................................................................................................3
Package Content........................................................................................................................................3
Note ............................................................................................................................................................3
Get to know the Broadband Router...........................................................................................................3
Back Panel..................................................................................................................................................3
Front Panel .................................................................................................................................................4
Setup Diagram............................................................................................................................................5
Getting started ...........................................................................................................................................5
Chapter 1 ....................................................................................................................................................9
Quick Setup................................................................................................................................................9
Step 1) Time Zone ......................................................................................................................................9
Step 2) Broadband Type ............................................................................................................................9
1.1 Cable Modem......................................................................................................................................10
1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL .....................................................................................................................................11
1.3 PPPoE.................................................................................................................................................12
1.4 PPTP ...................................................................................................................................................13
1.5 L2TP....................................................................................................................................................14
1.6 Telstra Big Pond.................................................................................................................................15
Chapter 2 ..................................................................................................................................................16
General Settings.......................................................................................................................................16
2.1 System ................................................................................................................................................17
2.1.1 Time Zone ........................................................................................................................................17
2.1.2 Password Settings ..........................................................................................................................18
2.1.3 Remote Management.......................................................................................................................18
2.2 WAN ....................................................................................................................................................19
2.2.1 Dynamic IP.......................................................................................................................................20
2.2.2 Static IP Address.............................................................................................................................20
2.2.3 PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) ............................................................................................................20
2.2.4 PPTP ................................................................................................................................................20
2.2.5 L2TP.................................................................................................................................................20
2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond..............................................................................................................................20
2.2.7 DNS ..................................................................................................................................................20
2.2.8 DDNS................................................................................................................................................21
2.3 LAN .....................................................................................................................................................21
2.4 Wireless ..............................................................................................................................................22
2.4.1 Basic Settings..................................................................................................................................23
2.4.2 Advanced Settings ..........................................................................................................................24
2.4.3 Security............................................................................................................................................25
2.4.3.1 WEP only.......................................................................................................................................25
2.4.3.2 802.1x only....................................................................................................................................26
2.4.3.3 802.1x WEP Static key..................................................................................................................26
2.4.3.4 WPA Pre-shared key.....................................................................................................................27
2.4.3.5 WPA Radius..................................................................................................................................27
2.4.4 Access Control ................................................................................................................................28
2.6 NAT .....................................................................................................................................................30
2.6.1 Port Forwarding...............................................................................................................................31
2.6.2 Virtual Server...................................................................................................................................32
2.6.3 Special Applications .......................................................................................................................33
2.6.4 UPnP Settings..................................................................................................................................35
2.6.5 ALG Settings ...................................................................................................................................35
2.6.6 Static Routing..................................................................................................................................36
2.7 Firewall ...............................................................................................................................................36
2.7.1 Access Control ................................................................................................................................37
2.7.2 URL Blocking...................................................................................................................................39
2.7.3 DoS (Denial of Service) ...................................................................................................................39
2.7.4 DMZ ..................................................................................................................................................40
2.8 Print Server.........................................................................................................................................41
2.9 NAS System........................................................................................................................................41
2.9.1 General.............................................................................................................................................42
2.9.2 Share................................................................................................................................................43
Open Dialog..............................................................................................................................................44
1
2.9.3 Advanced.........................................................................................................................................45
2.9.4 NAS Tools........................................................................................................................................45
Auto Partition & Formatting.....................................................................................................................46
2.9.5 NAS Status.......................................................................................................................................46
Chapter 3 ..................................................................................................................................................48
Status........................................................................................................................................................48
3.1 Status and Information.......................................................................................................................48
3.2 Internet Connection............................................................................................................................49
3.3 Device Status......................................................................................................................................49
3.4 System Log.........................................................................................................................................50
3.5 Security Log .......................................................................................................................................50
3.6 Active DHCP Client.............................................................................................................................51
3.7 Statistics.............................................................................................................................................51
Chapter 4 ..................................................................................................................................................52
Tool...........................................................................................................................................................52
4.1 Configuration Tools ...........................................................................................................................52
4.2 Firmware Upgrade..............................................................................................................................53
4.3 Reset...................................................................................................................................................53
Appendix A...............................................................................................................................................54
Glossary ...................................................................................................................................................55
2
Introduction
Congratulations on purchasing this Wireless Broadband Router. This Wireless Broadband Router is a cost-effective IP
Sharing Router with NAS and print server supported that enables multiple users to share the Internet, files and printer
through an ADSL or cable modem. Simply configure your Internet connection settings in the Wireless Broadband Router
and plug your PC to the LAN port and you're ready to share files and access the Internet. As your network grows, you
can connect another hub or switch to the router’s LAN ports, allowing you to easily expand your network. The Wireless
Broadband Router is embedded with an IEEE 802.11g/b access point that allows you to build up a wireless LAN. The
Wireless Broadband Router provides a total solution for the Small and Medium-sized Business (SMB) and the Small
Office/Home Office (SOHO) markets, giving you an instant network today, and the flexibility to handle tomorrow's
expansion and speed.
Features
High Internet Access throughput (up to 50M)
Allow multiple users to share a single Internet line
l Supports up to 253 networking client users
Provides two USB port for connecting with USB printer or USB mass storage devices
Internet Access via Cable or xDSL modem
Allow you to share your files via FTP or Network Neighborhood
Access Private LAN Servers from the Public Network
Equipped with four LAN ports (10/100M) and one WAN port (10/100M)
Provides IEEE 802.11g/b wireless LAN access point
Support DHCP (Server/Client) for easy setup
Support advance features such as: Special Applications, DMZ, Virtual Servers, Access Control, Firewall
l Allow you to monitor the router’s status such as: DHCP Client Log, System Log, Security Log and Device/Connection
Status
l Easy to use Web-based GUI for configuration and management
Remote Management allows configuration and upgrades from a remote site (over the Internet)
Minimum Requirements
One External xDSL (ADSL) or Cable modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45)
Network Interface Card (NIC) for each Personal Computer (PC)
PCs with a Web-Browser (Internet Explorer 5.0 or higher, or Netscape Navigator 7.2 or higher)
Package Content
One Wireless Broadband Router / One Quick Installation Guide
One User Manual CD / One Power Adapter / Other Accessories
Note
The WAN “idle timeout” auto-disconnect function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application
software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example, some software sends network packets to the
Internet in the background, even when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your computer when you are not
using it. This function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure this function can work properly when you
use this function in the first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used.
Get to know the Broadband Router
Back Panel
The diagram (fig1.0) below shows the broadband router’s back panel. The router’s back panel is divided into four
sections, LAN, WAN, USB, and Reset:
Figure 1.0
1) Local Area Network (LAN)
The Broadband router’s 4 LAN ports are where you connect your LAN’s PCs, printer servers, hubs and switches etc.
2) Wide Area Network (WAN)
The WAN port is the segment connected to your xDSL or Cable modem and is linked to the Internet.
3
3) USB
The USB ports allow you to share your files or printer through them. Each port can support both printer and USB mass
storage devices.
Note 1: Please plug the external power to your USB mass storage devices.
Note 2: Please plug the USB mass storage dedicated to this NAS router in the USB 1 port for better
management function and plug the USB flash disk used to share files among different PCs and notebooks in
the USB 2 port for instant setup.
4) Reset
The Reset button allows you to do one of two things.
1) If problems persist or you experience extreme problems or you forgot your password, press the reset button for
longer than 5 seconds and the router will reset itself to the factory default settings (warning: your original
configurations will be replaced with the factory default settings)
Front Panel
On the router’s front panel there are LED lights that inform you of the router’s current status. Below is an explanation of
each LED and its description.
Figure 1.1
LED
Light Status
PWR
ON
Router’s power supply is on
ON
WAN port 100Mbps is connected
Off
WAN port 10Mbps is connected
ON
WAN is connected
Off
No WAN connection
WAN 10/100M
WAN LNK/ACT
Flashing
LAN 10/100M
(Port 1-4)
LAN LNK/ACT
(Port 1-4)
LAN port 100Mbps is connected
Off
LAN port 10Mbps is connected
ON
LAN is connected
Off
No LAN connection
LAN port is Activity (ACT)
ON
USB storage device is connected
Off
No USB storage device connection
Flashing
WLAN-G
WAN port is Activity (ACT)
ON
Flashing
USB
Description
USB printer is printing. (ACT)
ON
Wireless LAN has been activated
Off
Wireless LAN is disabled
Flashing
Wireless LAN is Activity (ACT)
4
Setup Diagram
Figure 1.2 below shows a typical setup for a Local Area Network (LAN).
Figure 1.2
Getting started
This is a step-by-step instruction on how to start using the router and get connected to the Internet.
Setup your network as shown in the setup diagram above (fig 1.2).
You then need to set your LAN PC clients so that it can obtain an IP address automatically. All LAN clients require an IP
address. Just like an address, it allows LAN clients to find one another. (If you have already configured your PC to obtain
an IP automatically then proceed to step 3, page 11)
Configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically
By default the broadband router’s DHCP is on, this means that you can obtain an IP address automatically once you’ve
configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically. This section will show you how to configure your PC’s so that
it can obtain an IP address automatically for either Windows 95/98/Me, 2000 or NT operating systems. For other
operating systems (Macintosh, Sun, etc.), follow the manufacturer’s instructions. The following is a step-by-step
illustration on how to configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically for 2a) Windows 95/98/Me, 2b)
Windows XP, 2c) Windows 2000 and 2d) Windows NT.
2a) Windows 95/98/Me
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.
2. Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear.
3. Check your list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to install it. If TCP/IP is
installed, go to step 6.
4. In the Network Component Type dialog box, select Protocol and click Add button.
5. In the Select Network Protocol dialog box, select Microsoft and TCP/IP and then click the OK button to start
installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to complete the installation.
6. After installing TCP/IP, go back to the Network dialog box. Select TCP/IP from the list of Network Components and
then click the Properties button.
Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:
• Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks.
• Gateway: All fields are blank.
• DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS.
• WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution.
• IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically.
5
8. Reboot the PC. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3
2b) Windows XP
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Network Connections. The Network Connections window will
appear.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection window will appear.
3. Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on your list. Select it and click the
Properties button.
4. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS
server address automatically as shown on the following screen.
5. Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s
DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3
2c) Windows 2000
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.
2. Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections icon. In the Network and Dial-up Connection window, double-click
Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection window will appear.
3. In the Local Area Connection window, click the Properties button.
4. Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on your list. Select it and click the
Properties button.
5. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS
server address automatically as shown on the following screen.
6
6. Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s
DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3.
2d) Windows NT
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.
2. Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear. Select the Protocol tab from the Network window.
3. Check if the TCP/IP Protocol is on your list of Network Protocols. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to
install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 5.
4. In the Select Network Protocol window, select the TCP/IP Protocol and click the Ok button to start installing the
TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to complete the installation.
5. After you install TCP/IP, go back to the Network window. Select TCP/IP from the list of Network Protocols and then
click the Properties button.
Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:
•
IP Address: Select Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server.
•
DNS: Let all fields are blank.
•
WINS: Let all fields are blank.
•
Routing: Let all fields are blank.
6. Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s
DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3.
7
Once you have configured your PCs to obtain an IP address automatically, the router’s DHCP server will automatically
give your LAN clients an IP address. By default the Broadband Router’s DHCP server is enabled so that you can obtain
an IP address automatically. To see if you have obtained an IP address, see Appendix A.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN. If
there is another DHCP on your network, then you’ll need to switch one of the DHCP servers off. (To disable the
Broadband router’s DHCP server see chapter 2 LAN Port)
1) Once your PC has obtained an IP address from your router, enter the default IP address 192.168.2.1 (broadband
router’s IP address) into your PC’s web browser and press <enter>
The login screen below will appear. Enter the “User Name” and “Password” and then click <OK> to login.
Note: By default the user name is “admin” and the password is “1234”. For security reasons it is recommended that you
change the password as soon as possible (in General setup/system/password, see chapter 2)
2) The HOME page screen below will appear. The Home Page is divided into four sections, Quick Setup Wizard,
General Setup, Status Info and System Tools.
Quick Setup Wizard (Chapter 1)
Select your Internet connection type and then input the configurations needed to connect to your Internet Service
Provider (ISP).
General Setup (Chapter 2)
This section contains configurations for the Broadband router’s advance functions such as: Address Mapping, Virtual
Server, Access Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, DMZ, Special applications and other functions to meet your LAN
requirements.
Status Info (Chapter 3)
In this section you can see the Broadband router's system information, Internet Connection, Device Status, System Log,
Security Log and DHCP client information.
8
Tools (Chapter 4)
This section contains the broadband router’s Tools - Tools include Configuration tools, Firmware upgrade and Reset.
Configuration tools allow you to Backup (save), Restore, or Restore to Factory Default configuration for your Broadband
router. The Firmware upgrade tool allows you to upgrade your Broadband router's firmware. The RESET tool allows you
to reset your Broadband router.
7) Click on Quick Setup Wizard (see chapter 1) to start configuring settings required by your ISP so that you can start
accessing the Internet. The other sections (General Setup, Status Information and Tools) do not need to be
configured unless you wish to implement/monitor more advance features/information.
Select the section (Quick Setup Wizard, General Setup, Status Information and Tools) you wish to configure and
proceed to the corresponding chapter.
Chapter 1
Quick Setup
The Quick Setup section is designed to get you using the broadband router as quickly as possible. In the Quick Setup
you are required to fill in only the information necessary to access the Internet. Once you click on the Quick Setup
Wizard in the HOME page, you should see the screen below.
Step 1) Time Zone
The Time Zone allows your router to base its time on the settings configured here, this will affect functions such as Log
entries and Firewall settings.
Parameter
Set Time Zone
Time Server Address
Daylight Savings
Description
Select the time zone of the country you are currently in. The router will set its time
based on your selection
You can manually assign time server address if the default time server dose not work
The router can also take Daylight savings into account. If you wish to use this function,
you must check/tick the enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration (below)
Times From
Select the period in which you wish to start daylight Savings Time
Times to
Select the period in which you wish to end daylight Savings Time
Click on NEXT to proceed to the next page (step 2) Broadband Type.
Step 2) Broadband Type
In this section you have to select one of four types of connections that you will be using to connect your broadband
router’s WAN port to your ISP (see screen below).
Note: Different ISP’s require different methods of connecting to the Internet, please check with your ISP as to the type of
connection it requires.
9
Menu
Description
Cable Modem
Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address
Fixed-IP xDSL
Your ISP has given you an IP address already
PPPoE xDSL
Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE)
connection.
PPTP xDSL
Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection.
L2TP xDSL
Your ISP requires you to use a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection.
Telstra Big Pond
This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection.
Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 or 1.6). Click
on Back to return to the previous screen.
1.1 Cable Modem
Choose Cable Modem if your ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some ISP’s may also require that you fill in
additional information such as Host Name and MAC address (see screen below).
Note: The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and you can skip this section if your ISP does not require
these settings for you to connect to the Internet.
10
Parameters
Description
Host Name
If your ISP requires a Host Name, type in the host name provided by your ISP, otherwise
leave it blank if your ISP does not require a Host Name.
MAC Address
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you to connect to the Internet.
This MAC address is the PC’s MAC address that your ISP had originally connected your
Internet connection to. Type in this MAC address in this section or use the “Clone MAC
Address” button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC
(you have to be using that PC for the Clone MAC Address button to work). To find out the
PC’s MAC address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an explanation on MAC address)
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for
the Cable Modem connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features
supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL
Select Fixed-IP xDSL if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section.
Parameters
IP address
Description
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you.
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP (e.g. 255.255.255.0)
DNS address
This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address
Gateway IP address
This is the ISP’s IP address gateway
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for
the Fixed-IP x DSL connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features
supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
11
1.3 PPPoE
Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section.
Parameter
User Name
Password
Description
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPPoE connection
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPPoE connection
Service Name
This is optional. Enter the Service name should your ISP requires it, otherwise leave it
blank.
MTU
This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your transmission packet to the
Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not wish to set a maximum packet size.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the ISP. If the WAN line
breaks down and links again, the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect to the ISP when
someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. The
router will close the WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the Internet
exceeds the “Idle Time”.
If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only when you click “Connect”
manually from the Web user interface. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to
the idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and latter links again, the router will not
auto-connect to the ISP.
Idle Time
You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. This means if no
packets have been sent (no one using the Internet) during this specified period, the
router will automatically disconnect the connection with your ISP.
Note: This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some
network application software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For
example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even
when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your computer when you are not
using it. This function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure this
function can work properly when you use this function in the first time, especially your
ISP charge you by time used.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for
the PPPoE connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by
this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
12
1.4 PPTP
Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section.
Parameter
Obtain an IP address
Description
The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP automatically before
connecting to the PPTP server.
Use the following
The ISP give you a static IP to be used to connect IP address to the PPTP server
IP Address
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to establish a PPTP connection
Subnet Mask
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP (e.g. 255.255.255.0)
Gateway
Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway
User ID
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP connection. Sometimes called
a Connection ID
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP connection
PPTP Gateway
If your LAN has a PPTP gateway, then enter that PPTP gateway IP address here. If
you do not have a PPTP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above
Connection ID
This is the ID given by ISP. This is optional.
BEZEQ-ISRAE
Select this item if you are using the service provided by BEZEQ in Israel.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the ISP. If the WAN line
breaks down and links again, the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect to the ISP when
someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. The
router will close the WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the Internet
exceeds the “Idle Time”.
Idle Time
You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. This means if no
packets have been sent (no one using the Internet) throughout this specified period,
then the router will automatically disconnect the connection with your ISP.
Note: This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some
network application software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For
example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even
when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your computer when you are not
using it. This function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure this
function can work properly when you use this function in the first time, especially your
ISP charge you by time used
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for
the PPTP connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by
this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
13
1.5 L2TP
Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section.
Parameter
Obtain an IP address
MAC Address
Use the following
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Description
The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP automatically before
connecting to the L2TP server.
Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you to connect to the
Internet. This MAC address is the PC's MAC address that your ISP had originally
connected your Internet connection to. Type in this MAC address in this section or use
the "Clone MAC Address" button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC
address of that PC (you have to be using that PC for the Clone MAC Address button to
work). To find out the PC's MAC address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an
explanation on MAC address)
The ISP gives you a static IP to be used to connect to the L2TP server.
This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to establish a L2TP connection.
Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP (e.g. 255.255.255.0)
Gateway
Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway
User ID
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP connection. Sometimes called
a Connection ID
Password
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP connection
L2TP Gateway
If your LAN has a L2TP gateway, then enter that L2TP gateway IP address here. If you
do not have a L2TP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above
MTU
This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your transmission packet to the
Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not wish to set a maximum packet size.
Connection Type
If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the ISP. If the WAN line
breaks down and links again, the router will auto-reconnect to the ISP.
If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect to the ISP when
someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout.
The router will close the WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the
Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.
If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only when you click “Connect”
manually from the Web user interface. The WAN connection will not be disconnected
due to the idle timeout. If the WAN line breaks down and latter links again, the router
will not auto-connect to the ISP.
14
Idle Time Out
The WAN “idle timeout" auto-disconnect function may not work due to abnormal
activities of some network application software, computer virus or hacker attacks from
the Internet. For example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in the
background, even when you are not using the Internet. This function also may not work
with some ISP. So please make sure this function can work properly when you use this
function in the first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used. Due to the many
uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the WAN “idle timeout" auto-disconnect
function will always work. In order to prevent from extra fee charged by ISP, please
TURN OFF THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE INTERNET.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for
the L2TP connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features supported by
this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
1.6 Telstra Big Pond
Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should
provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia.
Parameter
User Name
Password
User decide login server
manually
Login Server
Description
Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection
Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection
Select if you want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login
Server manually.
The IP of the Login Server.
Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for
the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router now, if you wish to use some of the advance features
supported by this router see chapter 2, 3, 4.
15
Chapter 2
General Settings
Once you click on the General Setup button at the Home Page, you should see the screen below.
If you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard you do NOT need to configure anything thing in the General
Setup screen for you to start using the Internet.
The General Setup contains advanced features that allow you to configure the router to meet your network’s needs such
as: Wireless, Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, Special Applications, DMZ
and other functions.
Below is a general description of what advance functions are available for this broadband router
Menu
System
Description
This section allows you to set the Broadband router’s system Time Zone, Password
and Remote Management Administrator.
WAN
This section allows you to select the connection method in order to establish a
connection with your ISP (same as the Quick Setup Wizard section)
LAN
You can specify the LAN segment’s IP address, subnet Mask, enable/disable DHCP
and select an IP range for your LAN
Wireless
Setup the wireless LAN’s SSID, WEP key, MAC filtering.
QoS
You can setup the QoS bandwidth control policy.
NAT
You can configure the Address Mapping, Virtual Server and Special Applications
functions in this section. This allows you to specify what user/packet can pass your
router’s NAT.
Firewall
Print Server
NAS
The Firewall section allows you to configure Access Control, Hacker Prevention and
DMZ.
The Print section allows you to enable the USB ports to support USB printer.
The NAS section allows you to enable the USB ports to support USB storage devices.
Select one of the above five General Setup selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
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2.1 System
The system screen allows you to specify a time zone, to change the system password and to specify a remote
management user for the broadband router.
Parameters
Description
Time Zone
Select the time zone of the country you are currently in. The router will set its time based
on your selection
Password Settings
Allows you to select a password in order to access the web-based management website.
Remote Management
You can specify a Host IP address that can perform remote management functions.
Select one of the above three system settings selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
2.1.1 Time Zone
The Time Zone allows your router to reference or base its time on the settings configured here, which will affect functions
such as Log entries and Firewall settings.
Parameter
Set Time Zone
Time Server Address
Daylight Savings
Description
Select the time zone of the country you are currently in. The router will set its time
based on your selection.
The router default the “Time Server Address” is “192.43.244.18”
The router can also take Daylight savings into account. If you wish to use this function,
you must check/tick the enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration
(below).
Times From
Select the period in which you wish to start daylight Savings Time
Times to
Select the period in which you wish to end daylight Savings Time
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
17
2.1.2 Password Settings
You can change the password required to log into the broadband router's system web-based management. By default,
there is no password. So please assign a password to the Administrator as soon as possible, and store it in a safe place.
Passwords can contain 0 to 12 alphanumeric characters, and are case sensitive.
Parameters
Current Password
New Password
Confirmed Password
Description
Enter your current password for the remote management administrator to login to your
Broadband router.
Note: By default there is NO password
Enter your new password
Enter your new password again for verification purposes
Note: If you forget your password, you’ll have to reset the router to the factory default
(No password) with the reset button (see router’s back panel)
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.1.3 Remote Management
The remote management function allows you to designate a host in the Internet the ability to configure the Broadband
router from a remote site. Enter the designated host IP Address in the Host IP Address field.
Parameters
Description
Host Address
This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have
management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site. This
means if you are at home and your home IP address has been designated the Remote
Management host IP address for this router (located in your company office), then you
are able to configure this router from your home. If the Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this
means anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote
location, providing they know the password.
Click the Enabled box to enable the Remote Management function.
Note: When you want to access the web-based management from a remote site, you
must enter the router’s WAN IP address (e.g. 10.0.0.1) into your web-browser followed
18
by port number 8080, e.g. 10.0.0.1:8080 (see below). You’ll also need to know the
password set in the Password Setting screen in order to access the router’s webbased management.
Port
Enabled
The port number of remote management web interface.
Select “Enabled” to enable the remote management function.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.2 WAN
Use the WAN Settings screen if you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard section and you would like to
change your Internet connection type. The WAN Settings screen allows to specify the type of WAN port connect you
want to establish with your ISP. The WAN settings offer the following selections for the router’s WAN port, Dynamic IP,
Static IP Address, PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP, Telstra Big Pond, DNS and DDNS.
Parameters
Dynamic IP
Description
Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address
Static IP
Your ISP has given you an IP address already
PPPoE
Your ISP requires PPPoE connection.
PPTP
Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection.
L2TP
Your ISP requires L2TP connection.
Telstra Big Pond
DNS
DDNS
Your ISP requires Telstra Big Pond connection.
You can specify a DNS server that you wish to use
You can specify a DDNS server that you wish to use and configure the user name and
password provided by you DDNS service provider.
Once you have made a selection, click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and proceed to the manual’s
relevant sub-section
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2.2.1 Dynamic IP
Choose the Dynamic IP selection if your ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some ISP’s may also require that
you fill in additional information such as Host Name, Domain Name and MAC address (see chapter 1 “Cable Modem” for
more detail)
2.2.2 Static IP Address
Select Static IP address if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “Fixed IP” for more detail)
2.2.3 PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet)
Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “PPPoE” for more detail)
2.2.4 PPTP
Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “PPTP” for more detail)
2.2.5 L2TP
Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the
information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “L2TP” for more detail)
2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond
Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should
provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia. (See chapter
1 “Telstra Big Pond” for more detail)
2.2.7 DNS
A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses. If you type a Web address
into your browser, such as www.router.com, a DNS server will find that name in its index and the matching IP address.
Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and convenience. If your Service Provider connects you to the Internet with
dynamic IP settings, it is likely that the DNS server IP address is provided automatically. However, if there is a DNS
server that you would rather use, you need to specify the IP address of that DNS server here.
Parameters
DNS address
Description
This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address that they gave you; or you can specify your
own preferred DNS server IP address
Secondary DNS Address This is optional. You can enter another DNS server’s IP address as a backup. The
(optional)
secondary DNS will be used should the above DNS fail.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.2.8 DDNS
DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You must get an account, password and your
static domain name from the DDNS service providers. This router supports DynDNS, TZO and other common DDNS
service providers.
Parameters
Default
Enable/Disable
Disable
Provider
Description
Enable/Disable the DDNS function of this router
Select a DDNS service provider
Domain name
Your static domain name that use DDNS
Account/E-mail
The account that your DDNS service provider assigned to
you
Password/Key
The password you set for the DDNS service account above
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.3 LAN
The LAN Port screen below allows you to specify a private IP address for your router’s LAN ports as well as a subnet
mask for your LAN segment.
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Parameters
Default
Description
LAN IP
This is the router’s LAN port IP address (Your LAN clients default
gateway IP address)
IP address
192.168.2.1
IP Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
802.1d Spanning Tree
Disabled
If 802.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled, this router will use the
spanning tree protocol to prevent from network loop happened in
the LAN ports.
Enabled
You can enable or disable the DHCP server. By enabling the DHCP
server the router will automatically give your LAN clients an IP
address. If the DHCP is not enabled then you’ll have to manually
set your LAN client’s IP addresses; make sure the LAN Client is in
the same subnet as this broadband router if you want the router to
be your LAN client’s default gateway
DHCP Server
Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment
Lease Time
The DHCP when enabled will temporarily give your LAN clients an
IP address. In the Lease Time setting you can specify the time
period that the DHCP lends an IP address to your LAN clients. The
DHCP will change your LAN client’s IP address when this time
threshold period is reached
IP Address Pool
You can select a particular IP address range for your DHCP server
to issue IP addresses to your LAN Clients.
Note: By default the IP range is from: Start IP 192.168.2.100 to End
IP 192.168.2.200. If you want your PC to have a static/fixed IP
address then you’ll have to choose an IP address outside this IP
address Pool.
Domain Name
You can specify a Domain Name for your LAN.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.4 Wireless
Wireless Access Point builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs equipped with IEEE 802.11b or 801.11g wireless
network adaptor connect to your Intranet. It supports WEP and WPA2 encryption to enhance the security of your wireless
network.
Parameters
Enable or disable
Default
Enable
Description
You can select to enable or disable the wireless access point module of this
router Wireless module function
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.4.1 Basic Settings
You can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this router. The parameters include Mode,
ESSID, Channel Number and Associated Client.
Setting Page
Parameters
Default
Description
Mode
It allows you to set the AP to AP, Bridge or WDS mode.
Band
It allows you to set the AP fix at 802.11b or 802.11g mode. You also can
select B+G mode to allow the AP select 802.11b and 802.11g
connection automatically.
ESSID
default
Channel Number
11
MAC address
Set Security
This is the name of the wireless LAN. All the devices in the same
wireless LAN should have the same ESSID.
The channel used by the wireless LAN. All devices in the same wireless
LAN should use the same channel.
If you want to bridge more than one network together with wireless LAN,
you have to set this access point to “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”,
“AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”. You
have to enter the MAC addresses of other access points that join the
bridging work.
Click the “Set Security” button, and then a “WDS Security Settings” will
pop up. You can set the security parameters used to bridge access
points together here when your AP is in AP Bridge modes. You can
refer to section 4.3 “Security Settings” for how to set the parameters.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.4.2 Advanced Settings
You can set advanced wireless LAN parameters of this router. The parameters include Authentication Type, Fragment
Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon Interval, preamble Type …… You should not change these parameters unless you
know what effect the changes will have on this router.
Parameters
Fragment Threshold
Description
"Fragment Threshold" specifies the maximum size of packet during the fragmentation of
data to be transmitted. If you set this value too low, it will result in bad performance.
RTS Threshold
When the packet size is smaller the RTS threshold, the wireless router will not use the
RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.
Beacon Interval
The interval of time that this wireless router broadcast a beacon. Beacon is used to
synchronize the wireless network.
DTIM Period
Data Rate
Preamble Type
Broadcast ESSID
The DTIM period you specify here indicates how often the clients served by this access
point should check for buffered data still on the AP awaiting pickup.
The “Data Rate” is the rate this access point uses to transmit data packets. The access
point will use the highest possible selected transmission rate to transmit the data packets.
The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN compatibility while the “Short
Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN performance.
If you enable “Broadcast ESSID”, every wireless station located within the coverage of
this access point can discover this access point easily. If you are building a public
wireless network, enabling this feature is recommended. Disabling “Broadcast ESSID”
can provide better security.
IAPP
If you enable “IAPP”, it will allow wireless station roaming between IAPP enabled access
points within the same wireless LAN.
CTS Protect
It is recommended to enable the protection mechanism. This mechanism can decrease
the rate of data collision between 802.11b and 802.11g wireless stations. When the
protection mode is enabled, the throughput of the AP will be a little lower due to many of
frame traffic should be transmitted.
Tx Power
Turbo Mode
WMM
You can adjust the wireless transmit power here. By reduce the tx power can let the
wireless signal only cover your working area.
By enable the turbo mode can enhance the throughput up to 35Mbps.
WMM stands for Wi-Fi Multimedia. It is a standard created to define quality of service
(QoS) in Wi-Fi networks. This adds prioritized capabilities to Wi-Fi networks and
optimizes their performance when multiple concurring applications, each with different
latency and throughput requirements, compete for network resources.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router.
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2.4.3 Security
This Router provides complete wireless LAN security functions, include WEP, IEEE 802.11x, IEEE 802.11x with WEP,
WPA with pre-shared key and WPA with RADIUS. With these security functions, you can prevent your wireless LAN from
illegal access. Please make sure your wireless stations use the same security function.
2.4.3.1 WEP only
When you select 64-bit or128-bit WEP key, you have to enter WEP keys to encrypt data. You can generate the key by
yourself and enter it. You can enter four WEP keys and select one of them as default key. Then the router can receive
any packets encrypted by one of the four keys
Parameters
Default
64-bit
Description
Key Length
You can select the WEP key length for encryption, 64-bit or 128-bit.
Larger WEP key length will provide higher level of security, but the
throughput will be lower.
Key Format
You may to select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric format) or
Hexadecimal Digits (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) to be the WEP
Key.
For example: ASCII Characters: guest
Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde
Default Key
Select one of the four keys to encrypt your data. Only the key you select
it in the "Default key" will take effect.
Key 1 - Key 4
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Fill the text box by following the rules: 64-bit WEP: input 10digit Hex values (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 5-digit ASCII
character as the encryption keys.
128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9"
range) or 13-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
25
2.4.3.2 802.1x only
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this Access Point before
accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. This mode only authenticates user by
IEEE 802.1x, but it does not encryption the data during communication.
Parameters
RADIUS Server IP
address
RADIUS Server Port
Description
The IP address of external RADIUS server.
The service port of the external RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Password The password used by external RADIUS server.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.4.3.3 802.1x WEP Static key
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this Access Point before
accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. This mode also uses WEP to encrypt
the data during communication.
For the WEP settings please refer to section 2.4.3.1 “WEP only”. For the 802.1x settings, please refer to section 2.4.3.2
“802.1x only”.
26
2.4.3.4 WPA Pre-shared key
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use a pre-shared key to authenticate wireless
stations and encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently.
So the encryption key is not easy to be broken by hackers. This can improve security very much.
Parameters
Description
WPA(TKIP)
TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security.
WPA2(AES)
This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. AES can provide high level
encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security.
WPA2 Mixed
This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically.
Pre-shared Key
Format
You may select to select Passphrase (alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “AF”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Pre-shared Key. For example:
Passphrase: iamguest
Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde
Pre-shared Key
The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Fill the text box by following the rules below. Hex WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in
the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or at least 8 character pass phrase as the pre-shared keys.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.4.3.5 WPA Radius
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use an external RADIUS server to
authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP
(AES) to change the encryption key frequently. This can improve security very much.
27
Parameters
Description
WPA(TKIP)
TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security.
WPA2(AES)
This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. AES can provide high level
encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security.
WPA2 Mixed
This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically.
RADIUS Server IP
address
RADIUS Server Port
RADIUS Server
The IP address of external RADIUS server.
The service port of the external RADIUS server.
Password The password used by external RADIUS server.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.4.4 Access Control
This wireless router provides MAC Address Control, which prevents the unauthorized MAC Addresses from accessing
your wireless network.
Parameters
Enable wireless access
control
Description
Enable wireless access control
Fill in the "MAC Address" and "Comment" of the wireless station to be added and then click
Add MAC address into the "Add". Then this wireless station will be added into the "Current Access Control List" below.
list
If you find any issues before adding it and want to retype again. Just click "Clear" and both
"MAC Address" and "Comment" fields will be cleared.
Remove MAC address
from list
If you want to remove some MAC address from the "Current Access Control List ", select
the MAC addresses you want to remove in the list and then click "Delete Selected". If you
want remove all MAC addresses from the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset"
will clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.5 QoS
The QoS can let you classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP address and port number. You can
assign priority for each type of application and reserve bandwidth for it. The packets of applications with higher priority
will always go first. Lower priority applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications get enough bandwidth.
This can let you have a better experience in using critical real time services like Internet phone, video conference …etc.
All the applications not specified by you are classified as rule name “Others”. The rule with smaller priority number has
higher priority; the rule with larger priority number has lower priority. You can adjust the priority of the rules by moving
them up or down.
28
Note: If the total assigned bandwidth of higher priority applications is larger than the maximum bandwidth provided by the
WAN port, the other applications will not get any bandwidth.
Parameters
Enable/Disable QoS
Total Download
Bandwidth
Description
You can check “Enable QoS” to enable QoS function for the WAN port. You also can
uncheck “Enable QoS” to disable QoS function for the WAN port.
Here you can set maximum download bandwidth for all the users of the router sharing.
Total Upload Bandwidth Here you can set the maximum upload bandwidth for all the users of the router sharing.
Add a QoS rule into the Click “Add” then you will enter a form of the QoS rule. Click “Apply” after filling out the form
table
and the rule will be added into the table.
If you want to remove some QoS rules from the table, select the QoS rules you want to
Remove QoS rules from
remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all QoS rules from
table
the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Edit a QoS rule
Adjust QoS rule priority
Select the rule you want to edit and click “Edit”, then you will enter the detail form of the
QoS rule. Click “Apply” after editing the form and the rule will be saved.
You can select the rule and click “Move Up” to make its priority higher. You also can select
the rule and click “Move Down” to make its priority lower.
Edit QoS Rule:
You can assign packet classification criteria by its local IP range, remote IP range, traffic type, protocol, local port range
and remote port range parameters. The parameters that you leave as blank will be ignored. The priority of this rule will be
applied to packets that match classification criteria of this rule. You can limit bandwidth consumed by packets that match
this rule or guarantee bandwidth required by packets that match this rule.
29
Parameters
Description
Rule Name
The name of this rule.
Bandwidth
You can assign the download or upload bandwidth by the unit of Kbps (1024 bit per
second). You can limit the maximum bandwidth consumed by this rule by selecting
“Maximum”. You also can reserve enough bandwidth for this rule by selecting “Guarantee”.
Local IP Address
Enter the local IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply to. If you assign
192.168.2.3 – 192.168.2.5, it means 3 IP addresses: 192.168.2.3, 192.168.2.4 and
192.168.2.5
Local Port Range
Enter the local port range of the packets that this rule will apply to. You can assign a single
port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and
the last port number of the range. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“, for
example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port
numbers.
Remote IP Address
Enter the remote IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply to. If you assign
192.168.2.3 – 192.168.2.5, it means 3 IP addresses: 192.168.2.3, 192.168.2.4 and
192.168.2.5
Remote Port Range
Enter the remote port range of the packets that this rule will apply to. You can assign a
single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port
number and the last port number of the range. The two numbers are separated by a dash
“-“, for example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of
50 port numbers.
Traffic Type
Protocol
Select the traffic type of the packets that this rule will apply to. We list some popular
applications here to ease the configuration. You also can get the same result by using
other parameters, for example source or destination port number, if you are familiar with
the application protocol.
Select the protocol type of the packets that this rule will apply to.
Apply
Apply and exit the form.
Reset
Clear the content of this form.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.6 NAT
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at your local site to access the Internet through a single Public
IP Address or multiple Public IP Addresses. NAT provides Firewall protection from hacker attacks and has the flexibility
to allow you to map Private IP Addresses to Public IP Addresses for key services such as Websites and FTP.
30
Parameters
Description
Port Forwarding
You can have different services (e.g. email, FTP, Web etc.) going to different service
servers/clients in your LAN. The Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a particular range
of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address.
Virtual Server
You can have different services (e.g. email, FTP, Web etc.) going to different service
servers/clients in your LAN. The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a particular service
port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN IP address and its service
port number.
Special Applications
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video
conferencing, Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the router to
support these types of applications.
UPnP Setting
It allows to Enable or Disable UPnP feature here. After you enable the UPnP feature, all
client systems that support UPnP, like Windows XP, can discover this router automatically
and access the Internet through this router without any configuration. The NAT Traversal
function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP smoothly connect to
Internet sites without any incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation.
ALG Setting
You can select special applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” to support here.
Static Routing
You can disable NAT function and setup the routing rules manually.
Click on one of the three NAT selections and proceed to the manual's relevant sub-section.
2.6.1 Port Forwarding
The Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a
particular LAN IP address. It helps you to host some servers behind the router NAT firewall.
31
Parameters
Description
Enable Port Forwarding Enable Port Forwarding
Private IP
Type
Port Range
Comment
Add Port Forwarding
This is the private IP of the server behind the NAT firewall.
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Port Forwarding
to work properly.
This is the protocol type to be forwarded. You can choose to forward “TCP” or “UDP”
packets only or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and “UDP” packets.
The range of ports to be forward to the private IP.
The description of this setting.
Fill in the "Private IP", “Type”, “Port Range” and
"Comment" of the setting to be
added and then click "Add". Then this Port Forwarding setting will be added into the
"Current Port Forwarding Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it and want to
retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields will be cleared.
If you want to remove some Port Forwarding settings from the “Current Port Forwarding
Table", select the Port Forwarding settings you want to remove in the table and then click
Remove Port Forwarding
"Delete Selected". If you want remove all Port Forwarding settings from the table, just click
"Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.6.2 Virtual Server
Use the Virtual Server function when you want different servers/clients in your LAN to handle different service/Internet
application type (e.g. Email, FTP, Web server etc.) from the Internet. Computers use numbers called port numbers to
recognize a particular service/Internet application type. The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a particular service port
number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address and its service port number. (See Glossary
for an explanation on Port number)
Parameters
Enable Virtual Serve
Private IP
Description
Enable Virtual Server.
This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port number packet will be sent to.
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Virtual Server to
work properly.
Private Port
This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the below Public Port number
will be changed to when the packet enters your LAN (to the LAN Server/Client IP)
Type
Select the port number protocol type (TCP, UDP or both). If you are unsure, then leave it
to the default both protocols.
Public Port
Enter the service (service/Internet application) port number from the Internet that will be
re-directed to the above Private IP address host in your LAN
Note: Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function if there is a conflict
between the Virtual Server and the DMZ settings.
Comment
The description of this setting.
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Add Virtual Server
Fill in the "Private IP", "Private Port", "Type", “Public Port” and "Comment" of the setting
to be added and then click "Add". Then this Virtual Server setting will be added into the
"Current Virtual Server Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it and want to
retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove Virtual Server
If you want to remove some Virtual Server settings from the “Current Virtual Server
Table", select the Virtual Server settings you want to remove in the table and then click
"Delete Selected". If you want remove all Virtual Server settings from the table, just click
"Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
Note: The function of NAS FTP/HTTP server will be affected after you setting FTP/HTTP server in Virtual Server, due to
the priority of settings in Virtual Server are higher than in NAS.
Example: Virtual Server
The diagram below demonstrates one of the ways you can use the Virtual Server function. Use the Virtual Server when
you want the web server located in your private LAN to be accessible to Internet users. The configuration below means
that any request coming form the Internet to access your web server will be translated to your LAN’s web server
(192.168.2.2).
Note: For the virtual server to work properly Internet/remote users must know your global IP address. (For websites you
will need to have a fixed/static global/public IP address)
2.6.3 Special Applications
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video conferencing, Internet telephony and
others. In this section you can configure the router to support multiple connections for these types of applications.
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Parameters
Description
Enable Trigger Port
Enable the Special Application function.
Trigger Port
This is the out going (Outbound) range of port numbers for this particular application
Trigger Type
Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”, “UDP” or both.
Public Port
Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of application (e.g. 23002400, 47624)
Note: Individual port numbers are separated by a comma (e.g. 47624, 5775, and 6541
etc.). To input a port range use a “dash” to separate the two port number range (e.g.
2300-2400)
Public Type
Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”, “UDP” or both
Comment
The description of this setting.
Popular applications
This section lists the more popular applications that require multiple connections. Select
an application from the Popular Applications selection. Once you have selected an
application, select a location (1-10) in the Copy to selection box and then click the Copy
to button. This will automatically list the Public Ports required for this popular application
in the location (1-10) you’d specified.
Fill in the "Trigger Port", "Trigger Type”, “Public Port”, "Public Type", "Public Port" and
"Comment" of the setting to be added and then click "Add". Then this Special Application
setting will be added into the "Current Trigger-Port Table" below. If you find any typo
Add Special Application
before adding it and want to retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields will be cleared.
If you want to add a popular application, select one “Popular Application” and then click
“Add”.
Remove Special
Application
If you want to remove some Special Application settings from the "Current Trigger-Port
Table", select the Special Application settings you want to remove in the table and then
click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all Special Applications settings from the
table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
Example: Special Applications
If you need to run applications that require multiple connections, specify the port (outbound) normally associated with
that application in the "Trigger Port" field. Then select the protocol type (TCP or UDP) and enter the public ports
associated with the trigger port to open them up for inbound traffic.
Example:
ID
Trigger Trigger Public
Port
Type
Port
Public
Type
Comment
1 28800
UDP
2300-2400,
TCP
47624
MSN Game
Zone
2 6112
UDP
6112
Battle.net
UDP
In the example above, when a user trigger’s port 28800 (outbound) for MSN Game Zone then the router will allow
incoming packets for ports 2300-2400 and 47624 to be directed to that user. Note: Only one LAN client can use a
particular special application at a time.
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2.6.4 UPnP Settings
With UPnP, all PCs in you Intranet will discover this router automatically. So you do not have to do any configuration for
your PC and can access the Internet through this router easily.
Parameters
UPnP Feature
Default
Description
Disable
You can Enable or Disable UPnP feature here. After you enable the
UPnP feature, all client systems that support UPnP, like Windows
XP, can discover this router automatically and access the Internet
through this router without any configuration. The NAT Traversal
function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP
smoothly connect to Internet sites without any incompatibility problem
due to the NAPT port translation.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.6.5 ALG Settings
You can select applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” to support.
Parameters
Enable
Default
Description
You can select to enable “Application Layer Gateway”, and then the
router will let that application correctly pass though the NAT gateway.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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2.6.6 Static Routing
This router provides Static Routing function when NAT is disabled. With Static Routing, the router can forward packets
according to your routing rules. The IP sharing function will not work any more in Static Routing mode.
Note: The DMZ function of firewall will not work if static routing is enabled.
Parameters
Enable Static Routing
Destination LAN IP
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
Hop Count
Interface
Description
Static Routing function is default disabled. You have to enable the Static Routing function
before your routing rules take effect.
The network address of destination LAN.
The subnet mask of destination LAN.
The next stop gateway of the path toward the destination LAN. This is the IP of the neighbor
router that this router should communicate with on the path to the destination LAN.
The number of hops (routers) to pass through to reach the destination LAN.
The interface that go to the next hop (router).
Add a Rule
Fill in the "Destination LAN IP", "Subnet Mask”, “Default Gateway”, "Hop Count" and
"Interface" of the rule to be added and then click "Add". Then this rule of Static Routing will be
added into the "Static Routing Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it and want to
retype again, just click "Reset" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove a Rule
If you want to remove some routing rules from the "Static Routing Table", select the rules you
want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all rules
from the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.7 Firewall
The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters, thus limiting the risk of
hacker attack, and defending against a wide array of common Internet attacks. However, for applications that require
unrestricted access to the Internet, you can configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
Note: To enable the Firewall settings select Enable and click Apply
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Parameters
Access Control
URL Blocking
DoS
DMZ
Description
Access Control allows you to specify which hosts users can or cannot have access to
certain Internet applications
URL Blocking allows you to specify which URLs can not be accessed by users.
The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks and can log the attack
activities.
The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN port IP address
to a particular IP address in your LAN.
Click on one of the firewall selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
2.7.1 Access Control
If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services (e.g. Internet websites, email, FTP etc.),
this is the place to set that configuration. Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in your LAN.
You can control which PC client can have access to these services.
Parameters
Description
Deny
If select “Deny” then all PCs will be allowed to access Internet accept for the PCs in the
list below.
Allow
If select “Allow” then all PCs will be denied to access Internet accept for the PCs in the
list below.
Filter client PCs by IP
Fill “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP.
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Add PC
Remove PC
Filter client PC by MAC
You can click Add PC to add an access control rule for users by IP addresses.
If you want to remove some PC from the "IP Filtering Table", select the PC you want to
remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all PCs from the
table, just click "Delete All" button.
Check “Enable MAC Filtering” to enable
address
MAC Filtering.
Add PC
Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment” of the PC that is allowed to access the
Internet, and then click “Add”. If you find any typo before adding it and want to retype
again, just click "Reset" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove PC
If you want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table", select the PC you want to
remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all PCs from the
table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to clear the selection and re-select again,
just click “Reset”.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
Parameters
Client PC Description
Description
The description for this client PC rule.
Enter the IP address range that you wish to apply this Access Control rule. This is the
user’s IP address (es) that you wish to setup an Access Control rule.
Client PC IP Addresses
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for the Access
Control rule to work properly.
Client PC Service
Protocol
Port Range
Apply Changes
Reset
You can block the clients from accessing some Internet services by checking the services
you want to block.
This allows you to select UDP, TCP or both protocol types you want to block.
It can be assign up to five port ranges. The router will block clients from accessing
Internet services that use these ports.
Click “Apply Changes” to save the setting.
Click “Reset” to clear all fields.
Click <Apply Changes> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other
advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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Example: Access Control
In the example below, LAN client A can only access websites that use Port 80. However, LAN client B is able to access
websites and any other service that uses ports between 80 and 999.
2.7.2 URL Blocking
You can block access to some Web sites from particular PCs by entering a full URL address or just keyword of the Web
site.
Parameters
Enable URL Blocking
Description
Enable/disable URL Blocking
Add URL Keyword
Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click “Add”. You can enter the full URL address or the
keyword of the web site you want to block. If you find any typo before adding it and want
to retype again, just click "Reset" and the field will be cleared.
Remove URL Keyword
If you want to remove some URL keyword from the "Current URL Blocking Table", select
the URL keyword you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you
want remove all URL keyword from the table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to
clear the selection and re-select again, just click “Reset”.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.7.3 DoS (Denial of Service)
The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks, including Denial of Service, Ping of Death, Port Scan
and Sync Flood. If Internet attacks occur the router can log the events.
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Parameters
Ping of Death
Description
Protections from Ping of Death attack
Discard Ping From WAN The router’s WAN port will not respond to any Ping requests
Port Scan
Protection the router from Port Scan.
Sync Flood
Protection the router from Sync Flood attack.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.7.4 DMZ
If you have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games) properly from behind the NAT firewall,
then you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function
allows you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN. The
difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the virtual server re-directs a particular service/Internet
application to a particular LAN client/server, whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of services) going to your
WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server.
Note: The priority of FTP/HTTP server in DMZ is higher than that in NAS.
Parameters
Description
Enable DMZ
Enable/disable DMZ
Note: If there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ setting, then Virtual
Server function will have priority over the DMZ function.
Public IP Address
The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP addresses given to you by your
ISP
Client PC IP Address
Input the IP address of a particular host in your LAN that will receive all the packets
originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address above
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work
properly.
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2.8 Print Server
The router provides Print Server function that let you share a printer to all PCs in your Intranet. It supports LPD printing
protocol. LPD printing protocol can be used in Windows, Linux and other OS that provide LPD printing.
Parameters
Description
Enable/Disable Print from You can check on “Enable Print from
Internet
Internet” to share printer on internet or check off this option to use printer on intranet.
Print Server Feature
Enable/disable USB print server
The print server function is default
Disabled for better performance of NAS function.
IPP
Enable to support the Internet Printing Protocols
LPR
Enable to support the Local Printing Remote.
Printer Server Name
It is the name of the printer name. It has to be assigned a name. The client utility uses
this name to access the printer server.
Port Name 1
It is the name of the printer port. Each printer port has to be assigned a name. The client
utility uses this name to access the printer port.
Port Name 2
It is the name of the printer port. Each printer port has to be assigned a name. The client
utility uses this name to access the printer port. Click on one of the firewall selections
and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
2.9 NAS System
The router provides NAS function which let you share a USB storage device to all PCs in your Intranet/Internet. It
supports Samba, let you share files via Network Neighborhood. And also supports FTP server for your FTP clients to
upload/download files from the server.
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Parameters
General
Share
Description
General options allow you to setup the network neighborhood name and user accounts.
Share options allow you to add/modify the folder/disks that you want to share.
Advanced
Advanced options allow you to set the default sharing options and the properties of FTP
server.
NAS Tools
NAS tools allow you to manage the partitions of the USB storage device. You can add,
remove, or format the partition of the USB storage device.
NAS Status
The NAS status shows the status of both USB ports. When you plug a USB storage
device into the USB ports, it will show the status of the current valid disk and partition of
this device.
Click on one of the NAS selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
Note: The maximum file size of a single file is less than 2GB when using a partition which owns FAT16/32 file system
due to operating system limitation, whereas for a partition which owns EXT2/3 file system, the file size is up to 4GB.
2.9.1 General
General setting is used to set sharing information of samba and can be used to manager users' information, include add,
edit and delete users' information.
Parameters
Name
Description
Set the host name that shows in network neighborhood.
Workgroup
Set which network neighborhood group that you want to join.
Description
A brief description for this NAS router. This will show at the detailed information of network
neighborhood.
Add Account
Click “Add” and fill the information of the Account Manager Add page to add a new user
account.
Edit Account
If you want to edit an account from the "Account List Table", select the account you want to
edit in the table and then click "Edit".
Remove Account
If you want to remove some accounts from the "Account List Table", select the accounts
you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove all
accounts from the table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to clear the selection and
re-select again, just click “Reset”.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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Parameters
User Name
User Description
User Password
Confirm Password
Description
Input the user name of this account.
The description for this user.
The password of this user.
Re-type the password of this user.
Click <Save> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
NOTE: The maximum user accounts allowed to add is 32.
2.9.2 Share
This page allowed you to add, edit, or delete the share item.
Parameters
Description
Add Share Item
Click “Add” and fill the information of the Add/Edit Share page to add a new sharing item.
Edit Share Item
If you want to edit a share item from the "Share List Table", select the items you want to
edit in the table and then click "Edit".
Remove Shared Item
If you want to remove some shared items from the "Share List Table", select the items you
want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove all
items from the table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to clear the selection and reselect, just click “Reset”.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
43
Add/Edit Share
Parameters
Description
Share
Input the share name.
Path
Click on “Open” to open the path selecting window to select the sharing folder. Or click
share all USB disks to share whole disks.
Users
Select the user that can access this shared folder and press “Add” to add into list or press
“Add All” to add all users into list. You also can select the users in “Share Users” and click
on “Del” to remove from the list or press “Del All” to remove all users from list.
Authority
Select the access right of this sharing. You can select “Read Only” for read only sharing or
select “Read & Write” to give users full access right.
Comment
Fill the share comments for this share item here.
Shared to
Selecting the share method that you want to use. You can share via FTP or share via
neighborhood.
Click <Save> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance
sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
NOTE: Each user can only have one FTP share; it’s restricted to add two or more FTP shares to the same user.
NOTE: For a partition which owns NTFS file system, you can follow below procedures to share them.
(i) Switch to “NAS System -> Advanced” page”.
(ii) Check on “Read Only” to give read authority on the NTFS partition and save it.
Open Dialog
When you click the “Open” button, you can see the following pop-up window that shows the USB storage devices.
Please select the USB devices from left panel, the right bottom panel will show the directories in this USB storage device.
Choose the folder you want to share, and click “Submit” to select this folder for sharing. You can also click “New Folder”
to create a new share folder.
NOTE: Only the folders in USB storage devices will be shown as icons in Open Dialog due to the share function is
restricted to folders, not files.
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2.9.3 Advanced
Advanced setting is used to set the properties of FTP server and the default share setting for new USB storage devices.
Parameters
Max Users
Idle Time
Internet Accessible
Default Setting
Description
Set the concurrent maximum user of the FTP server.
Set the idle time that when ftp clients inactive for this time, server will disconnect this
client automatically.
Check on this option to share FTP server in internet or check off this option only to use
FTP server in intranet.
Select the default sharing setting for newly plugged USB storage device. You can share it
Read and Write, Read Only, or Don’t share by default.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
NOTE: For a partition which owns NTFS file system, you can follow below procedures to share them.
(i) Switch to "NAS System -> share" page, and make sure that there is no share item in the USB device where NTFS
partition is located.
(ii) Switch to "NAS System -> Advanced" page".
(iii) Check on "Read Only" to give read authority on the NTFS partition and save it.
2.9.4 NAS Tools
Some Tools for NAS disk management. There shows all the USB storage status whether it mounted or not. You can use
these tools to add / edit / remove partitions or format partitions.
Note: USB1 port is dedicated for the USB storage disk used for the NAS router (usually the disk is brand new or no need
to move to other PC environment), you can use the NAS tools to partition and format the USB storage disk.
USB2 port is for USB flash disk or storage disk which you usually used to share data in other PC environment. If needed,
you can partition and format it in your favorite PC environment.
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Parameters
Description
Tool
You can format your USB disk by this tool. This NAS router supports FAT16, FAT32 and
EXT2.
Add
By clicking this button, you can launch the Add Partition page for you to add a new partition
on the USB disk.
Remove Partition
Select the partitions and click the “Remove Select” to remove partitions or click “Remove
All” to remove all partitions.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
NOTE: The partition size with FAT16 file system should be less than 2GB, and for FAT32 or EXT2 file system, the
partition should be less than 160GB.
Auto Partition & Formatting
This function partitions and formats the USB storage disk in USB1 port according to the following rules.
(i) It partitions an USB storage disk in 160GB a partition and formats to
FAT32 file system.
(ii) If the rest of partition size is under 160GB, then it will be partitioned as
a partition.
(iii) This function only effects on the USB storage disk in USB1 port.
2.9.5 NAS Status
This Page shows the status of attached USB storage devices.
46
Parameters
Partition
Description
The partition names of the USB storage device.
Size
Total available space of this partition.
Used
Total used space of this partition. Here shows the byte count and the percentage of the
total space.
Free
This shows free space of the specified partition.
Status
The partition type of the partition. It can be FAT16, FAT32, NTFS and Linux.
You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place)
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Chapter 3
Status
The Status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You can use the Status page to monitor: the
connection status of the Broadband router's WAN/LAN interfaces, the current firmware and hardware version numbers,
any illegal attempts to access your network, and information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to your network.
Parameters
3.1 Status and
Information
Description
Shows the router’s system information
3.2 Internet Connection View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related
information
3.3 Device Status
View the Broadband router’s current setting status
3.4 System Log
View the Broadband router’s system log
3.5 Security Log
View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to your network.
3.6 Active DHCP Client
3.7 Statistics
View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the Broadband router's DHCP
server
Shows the statistics
Select one of the above five Status selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
3.1 Status and Information
The Status and Information section allows you to view the router’s system information
48
Parameters
Description
Information
You can see the router’s system information such as the router’s: LAN MAC Address,
WAN MAC Address, Hardware version, Serial Number, Boot code Version, Runtime code
Version
3.2 Internet Connection
View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information
Parameters
Internet Connection
Description
This page displays whether the WAN port is connected to a Cable/DSL connection. It
also displays the router’s WAN port: WAN IP address, Subnet Mask, and ISP Gateway
as well as the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS being used.
3.3 Device Status
View the Broadband router’s current configuration settings. The Device Status displays the configuration settings you’ve
configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section.
Parameters
Device Status
Description
This page shows the Broadband router’s current device settings. This page displays the
Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask. It also shows
whether the DHCP Server function is enabled/disabled.
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3.4 System Log
View the operation log of the system.
Parameters
System Log
Description
This page shows the current system log of the Broadband router. It displays any event
occurred after system start up.
At the bottom of the page, the system log can be saved <Save> to a local file for further
processing or the system log can be cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh> to
get the most updated situation. When the system is powered down, the system log will
disappear if not saved to a local file.
3.5 Security Log
View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to your network.
Parameters
Description
Security Log
This page shows the current security log of the Broadband router. It displays any illegal
attempts to access your network.
At the bottom of the page, the security log can be saved <Save> to a local file for further
processing or the security log can be cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh>
to get the most updated situation. When the system is powered down, the security log will
disappear if not saved to a local file.
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3.6 Active DHCP Client
View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the Broadband router's DHCP server
Parameters
Description
Active DHCP Client
This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to your network. The
“Active DHCP Client Table” displays the IP address and the MAC address and Time
Expired of each LAN Client. Use the Refresh button to get the most updated situation
3.7 Statistics
View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN and Wireless LAN.
Parameters
Statistics
Description
Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN and Wireless LAN.
51
Chapter 4
Tool
This page includes the basic configuration tools, such as Configuration Tools (save or restore configuration settings),
Firmware Upgrade (upgrade system firmware) and Reset.
Parameters
Description
4.1 Configuration Tools
You can save the router’s current configuration, restore the router’s saved configuration
files and restore the router’s factory default settings
4.2 Firmware Upgrade
This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware
4.3 Reset
You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist
Select one of the above three Tools Settings selection and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section
4.1 Configuration Tools
The Configuration Tools screen allows you to save (Backup) the router’s current configuration setting. Saving the
configuration settings provides an added protection and convenience should problems occur with the router and you
have to reset to factory default. When you save the configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved
configuration into the router through the Restore selection. If extreme problems occur you can use the Restore to
Factory Defaults selection, this will set all configurations to its original default settings (e.g. when you first purchased the
router).
Parameters
Description
Configuration Tools
Use the "Backup" tool to save the Broadband router current configuration to a file named
"config.bin" on your PC. You can then use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved
configuration to the Broadband router. Alternatively, you can use the "Restore to
Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform a power reset and
restore the original factory settings.
52
4.2 Firmware Upgrade
This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware
Parameters
Firmware Upgrade
Description
If his tool allows you to upgrade the Broadband router’s system firmware. To upgrade the
firmware of your Broadband router, you need to download the firmware file to your local
hard disk, and enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page. You can
also use the Browse button to find the firmware file on your PC.
Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to start the upgrade process. (You
may have to wait a few minutes for the upgrade to complete). Once the upgrade is complete you can start using the
router.
Warning: When upgrading firmware, be sure not to cut down the power or restart your computer.
4.3 Reset
You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function essentially
Re-boots your router’s system
Parameters
Description
Reset
In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in some way stops functioning,
you can perform a reset. Your settings will not be changed. To perform the reset, click
on the <APPLY> button. You will be asked to confirm your decision. The reset will be
complete when the power light stops blinking. Once the reset process is complete you
may start using the router again.
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Appendix A
How to Manually find your PC’s IP and MAC address
1) In Window’s open the Command Prompt program
2) Type Ipconfig /all and <enter>
• Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address (192.168.1.77)
• The router’s IP address is the one entitled Default Gateway (192.168.1.254)
• Your PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address (00-50-FC-FE-02-DB)
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Glossary
Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP address. When the
device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is not on the same network, the device has to send the packet to its
default gateway, which will then send it out towards the destination.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives every computer on your home network
an IP address.
DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet servers to have a domain name
(such as www.Broadbandrouter.com) and one or more IP addresses (such as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a
database of Internet servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name is
requested (as in typing "Broadbandrouter.com" into your Internet browser), the user is sent to the proper IP address. The
DNS server IP address used by the computers on your home network is the location of the DNS server your ISP has
assigned to you.
DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing phone lines to transmit data at
high speeds.
Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables and hubs, and move
data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps).
Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet for a pre-configured amount of time,
the connection will automatically be disconnected.
IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address consists of a series of four
numbers separated by periods, which identifies a single, unique Internet computer host in an IP network. Example:
192.168.2.1. It consists of 2 portions: the IP network address, and the host identifier.
The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded decimal numbers separated by “.”:
aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything from 000 to 255, or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by
“.”: bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb, where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.
A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading
1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can also be described simply as “x”
number of leading 1’s.
When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address that correspond to 1’s in the
network mask become part of the IP network address, and the remaining bits correspond to the host ID.
For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form,
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is,
11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000
It means the device’s network address is
11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method for routers to route IP packets to
their destination.
ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for the Internet router
located at the ISP's office.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for individuals and other
businesses or organizations.
LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a relatively small area
(such as a house or an office). Your home network is considered a LAN.
MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected
to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts:
3 bytes of data that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3 bytes that are often used
as the product’s serial number.
NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your home network to use one IP
address. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability, you can access the Internet from any computer on your home
network without having to purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
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Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network application/protocol over another. Below
is a list of common applications and protocol/port numbers:
Application
Telnet
Protocol
TCP
Port Number
23
FTP
SMTP
POP3
TCP
TCP
TCP
21
25
110
H.323
TCP
1720
SNMP
SNMP Trap
HTTP
UCP
UDP
TCP
161
162
80
PPTP
PC Anywhere
PC Anywhere
TCP
TCP
UDP
1723
5631
5632
PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data transmission method originally
created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards,
Ethernet and the Point-to-Point Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over Ethernet
between different manufacturers
Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple parties so that when they interface
with each other based on such a protocol, the interpretation of their behavior is well defined and can be made objectively,
without confusion or misunderstanding.
Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different networks based on network
layer address information such as IP addresses.
Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by your ISP, is a set of four
numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an IP address. It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a
particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be assigned by
InterNIC).
TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP).
TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol.
TCP performs proper error detection and error recovery, and thus is reliable. UDP on the other hand is not reliable. They
both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol), a network layer protocol.
WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically separate areas (e.g. different
buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area network.
Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a graphical user interface that is
based on the web browser. This means the user can use the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to
Control/configure or monitor the device being managed.
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