Edimax Technology EW-7206PDg Network Card User Manual

EW-7206PDg
Wireless LAN PoE Access Point
User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Chapter 1Introduction ....................................................................1
1.1 Package Contents ............................................................................ 2
1.2 Features ........................................................................................... 2
1.3 Specifications ................................................................................... 2
1.4 Physical Description ......................................................................... 3
Chapter 2Wireless LAN Access Point Connection .....................5
Chapter 3 Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration .................6
3.1 Getting Started ................................................................................. 6
3.2 Configuring the Access Point ......................................................... 11
3.2.1 Status and Information ..........................................................................11
3.2.2 Wireless Setting ....................................................................................12
3.2.3 Advanced Setting ..................................................................................22
3.2.4 Security .................................................................................................25
3.2.5 MAC Address Filtering ..........................................................................34
3.2.6 System Utility ........................................................................................36
3.2.7 Configuration Tool .................................................................................40
3.2.8 Firmware Upgrade ................................................................................42
3.2.9 Reset.....................................................................................................43
Chapter 4Troubleshooting...........................................................44
Introduction
Chapter 1
Introduction
This product is an access point for IEEE 802.11g/b 2.4GHz wireless network.
You can use this access point to build up a wireless LAN. Any wireless LAN
station can join the wireless network by using the “Infrastructure Mode”.
The product supports WEP, WPA, ESSID and MAC address filter functions to
consolidate the wireless network security. With ESSID authentication, 64/128
bit WEP encryption and MAC address filtering you can prevent unauthorized
wireless stations from accessing your wireless network.
The product’s dipole antenna is detachable by connecting to a RP-SMA
connector. Users can install a high gain antenna to the connector for better
network link quality so that you can build wireless network with more flexibility.
This product provides easy to use user interface and allows users to
configuring from web browser. Also it integrates DHCP server to provide
multiple wireless and wired users to get their IP address automatically. With
the versatile of features, this product is the best choice for you to integrate
your wireless and wired network seamlessly.
Linux Open-Source Code
Certain Edimax products include software code developed by third parties, including software code
subject to the GNU General Public License ("GPL") or GNU Lesser General Public License ("LGPL").
Please see the GNU and LPGL Web sites to view the terms of each license.
To access to the GPL Code and LGPL Code used in Edimax products, select a product from the list
below. The GPL Code and LGPL Code used in Edimax products is distributed without any warranty and
is subject to the copyrights of their authors. For details, see the GPL Code and LGPL Code
licenses. You can download the firmware-files under "Download" page.
1
Introduction
1.1
Package Contents
The Access Point includes the following items:
y One Access Point
y One Power Adapter
y One User’s Manual
1.2
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
1.3
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Features
Complies with the IEEE 802.11b/g (DSSS) 2.4GHz specification.
High data rate 54Mbps network speed.
Seamlessly integrate wireless and wired Ethernet LAN networks.
Auto rate fallback in case of obstacles or interferences.
Provide 64/128-bit WEP and WPA Data Encryption function to protect
the wireless data transmissions.
Built-in DHCP server supports auto IP addresses assignment.
Supports Web-based configuration.
Specifications
Standards: IEEE 802.11b/g (Wireless), IEEE 802.3 (Wired)
Data Rate: 54/48/36/24/18/12/11/9/6/5.5/2/1Mbps auto fallback
Security: 64/128-bit WEP and WPA Data Encryption
Frequency Band: 2.400~2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical
Band)
Modulation: CCK@11/5.5Mbps, DQPSK@2Mbps and
DBPSK@1Mbps
Radio Technology: Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)
Antenna: External detachable dipole antenna (with RP-SMA
connector)
Connectors: 10/100Mbps RJ-45 x 1
Power: 12VDC, 0.5A
Transmit Power: 15dBm (Typical)
LEDs: Power, LAN Link/Activity, Wireless Activity
Dimension: 30(H) x 127(W) x 96(D) mm
2
Introduction
y
y
y
Temperature:
Operating: 32~131°F (0~55°C)
Storage: -4~158°F(-20~70°C)
Humidity: 10-90% (Non-condensing)
Certification: FCC, CE
1.4
Physical Description
Front Panel
On the Access Point’s front panel there are LED lights that inform you of the
Access Point’s current status. Below is an explanation of each LED.
LED
Color
Power
Green
Wireless
Activity
LAN
Link/Activity
Status
Lit
Off
Flash
Green
Green
Off
On
Flash
Off
Description
Power is supplied.
No Power.
Antenna is transmitting or receiving data.
Antenna is not transmitting or receiving
data.
A valid link is established.
It is transmitting or receiving data.
No link is established.
Back Panel
Access Point’s connection ports are located on the back panel. Below is the
description of each connection port.
3
Introduction
y Antenna Connector
This round connection is standard Reverse SMA connector where any
antennas with Reverse SMA connector can connect to the Access Point.
y DC Adapter Port
Insert the power jack of the power adapter into this port.
y LAN Port
The Access Point’s LAN port is where you connect to your LAN’s network
devices.
y Reset
The Reset button allows you to do one of two things.
1) If problems occur with your Access Point, press the reset button with
a pencil tip (for less than 4 seconds) and the Access Point will reboot itself, keeping your original configurations.
2) If problems persist or you experience extreme problems or you
forgot your password, press the reset button for longer than 4
seconds and the Access Point will reset itself to the factory default
settings (warning: your original configurations will be replaced with
the factory default settings).
4
Wireless LAN Access Point Connection
Chapter 2
Wireless LAN Access Point
Connection
Using Power Adapter
1. Locate an optimum location for the Wireless LAN Access Point.
The best location for your Access Point is usually at the center of your
wireless network, with line of sight to all of your mobile stations.
2. Connect the Wireless LAN Access Point to your router, hub or switch.
Connect one end of standard UTP cable to the Access Point’s LAN Port
and connect the other end of the cable to a switch, a router or a hub. The
Access Point will then be connected to your existed wired LAN Network.
3. Connect the DC Power Adapter to the Wireless LAN Access Point’s
Power Socket.
Only use the power adapter supplied with the Access Point. Using a
different adapter may damage the product.
Using PoE (Power over Ethernet)
1. Locate an optimum location for the Wireless LAN Access Point.
The best location for your Access Point is usually at the center of your
wireless network, with line of sight to all of your mobile stations.
2. Connect the Wireless LAN Access Point to your PoE adapter, router,
hub or switch.
Connect one end of standard UTP cable to the Access Point’s LAN Port
and connect the other end of the cable to a powered Ethernet port on a
PoE switch, a PoE router, a PoE hub, or a PoE adapter. The Access Point
will then be connected to your existed wired LAN Network.
The Hardware Installation is complete.
5
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Chapter 3
3.1
Wireless LAN Access Point
Configuration
Getting Started
This Access Point provides web-based configuration tool allowing you to
configure from wired or wireless stations. Follow the instructions below to get
started configuration.
From Wired Station
1. Make sure your wired station is in the same subnet with the Access
Point.
The default IP Address and Sub Mask of the Access Point is:
Default IP Address: 192.168.2.1
Default Subnet: 255.255.255.0
Configure your PC to be in the same subnet with the Access Point.
1a) Windows 95/98/Me
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel
window will appear.
2. Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear.
3. Check your list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to
install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 6.
4. In the Network Component Type dialog box, select Protocol and click Add button.
5. In the Select Network Protocol dialog box, select Microsoft and TCP/IP and then click the
OK button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to
complete the installation.
6. After installing TCP/IP, go back to the Network dialog box. Select TCP/IP from the list of
Network Components and then click the Properties button.
7. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:
•
Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for
Microsoft Networks.
•
Gateway: All fields are blank.
•
DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS.
6
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
•
WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution.
•
IP Address: Select Specify an IP Address. Specify the IP Address and Subnet Mask
as following example.
9
IP Address: 192.168.2.3 (any IP address within 192.168.2.2~192.168.2.254 is
available, do not setup 192.168.2.1)
9
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
8. Reboot the PC. Your PC will now have the IP Address you specified.
1b) Windows XP
1: Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Network Connections. The Network
Connections window will appear.
2: Double-click Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection window will appear.
3: Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on your list.
Select it and click the Properties button.
4: In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Obtain an IP address automatically and
Obtain DNS server address automatically as shown on the following screen.
7
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
5: Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically
from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.
Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server
available on your LAN.
Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to
Step 3.
1c) Windows 2000
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel
window will appear.
2. Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections icon. In the Network and Dial-up
Connection window, double-click Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection
window will appear.
3. In the Local Area Connection window, click the Properties button.
4. Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on
your list. Select it and click the Properties button.
5. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Use the following IP address
and specify the IP Address and Subnet mask as following.
8
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
9
IP Address: 192.168.2.3 (any IP address within 192.168.2.2~192.168.2.254 is
available, do not setup 192.168.2.1)
9
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
6. Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now have the IP Address you specified.
1d) Windows NT
1. Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel
window will appear.
2. Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear. Select the Protocol tab from
the Network window.
3. Check if the TCP/IP Protocol is on your list of Network Protocols. If TCP/IP is not installed,
click the Add button to install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 5.
4. In the Select Network Protocol window, select the TCP/IP Protocol and click the Ok
button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to
complete the installation.
5. After you install TCP/IP, go back to the Network window. Select TCP/IP from the list of
Network Protocols and then click the Properties button.
6. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:
•
IP Address: Select Specify an IP address. Specify the IP Address and Subnet Mask
as following example.
9
IP Address: 192.168.2.3 (any IP address within 192.168.2.2~192.168.2.254 is
available, do not setup 192.168.2.1)
9
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
•
DNS: Let all fields are blank.
•
WINS: Let all fields are blank.
•
Routing: Let all fields are blank.
7. Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now have the IP Address you specified.
2. Enter 192.168.2.1 from Web Browser to get into the Access Point’s
configuration tool.
3. A screen will be popped up and request you to enter user name and
password. The default user name and password is as follows.
User Name: Admin
Password: 1234
9
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Enter the default user name and password, then press OK button
directly.
4. You can start configuring the Access Point.
From Wireless Station
1. Make sure your wireless station is in the same subnet with the Access
Point. Please refer to the step 1 above for configuring the IP Address
and Sub Mask of the wireless station.
2. Connect to the Access Point.
The Access Point’s default ESSID is “default” and the WEP Encryption
function is disabled. Make sure your wireless station is using the same
ESSID as the Access Point and associate your wireless station to the
Access Point.
3. Enter 192.168.2.1 from Web Browser to get into the Access Point’s
configuration tool.
4. Enter the user name and password and then press OK button and you
are available to configure the Access Point now.
10
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2
Configuring the Access Point
Every time when you have finished modifying a setting page and click “Apply”
button, this page will pop-up. The settings have been successfully saved but
will not take effect immediately. You have to restart the access point to make
the new settings take effect. You can click “CONTINUE” button to continue
other settings. You also can click “APPLY” to restart the system and make the
settings take effect.
3.2.1 Status and Information
On this screen, you can see the general information of the Access Point
including Alias Name, Firmware Version, ESSID, Channel Number, Status, IP
Address, MAC Address, etc.
11
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.2 Wireless Setting
This Access Point supports AP, Station, Bridge, WDS and Universal
Repeater modes. “AP Mode” provides pure access point function. The
simplest way to build up a wireless LAN is to use “AP Mode”. “Station Mode”
is used to let a network device with only wired Ethernet function to have
wireless LAN communication capability. It provides both Ad Hoc and
Infrastructure modes for the “Station Mode”. With “Station-Ad Hoc mode”, it
can let your network device join a wireless LAN with peer-to-peer
communication. With “Station-Infrastructure mode”, it can let your network
device join a wireless LAN through an access point. “AP Bridge Mode”
provides the function to bridge more than 2 wired Ethernet networks together
by wireless LAN. You can use two access points with “AP Bridge-Point to
Point mode” to bridge two wired Ethernet networks together. If you want to
bridge more than two wired Ethernet networks together, you have to use
enough access points with “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode”. An access
point with “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode” or “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point
mode” can only be used to bridge wired Ethernet networks together. It can’t
accept connection from other wireless station at the same time. If you want
an access point to bridge wired Ethernet network and provide connection
service for other wireless station at the same time, you have to set the access
point to “AP Bridge-WDS mode”. Simply speaking, “AP Bridge-WDS mode”
function is the combination of “AP mode” and “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point
mode”. “Universal Repeater Mode” provides the function to act as AP client
and AP at the same time. It can use AP client function to connect to a Root
AP and use AP function to service all wireless stations within its coverage. All
the stations within the coverage of this access point can be bridged to the
Root AP. “Universal Repeater Mode” is very convenient to extend the
coverage of your wireless network.
12
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
AP mode setting page:
Station-Ad Hoc mode setting page:
13
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Station-Infrastructure mode setting page:
AP Bridge-Point to Point mode setting page:
14
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode setting page:
AP Bridge-WDS mode setting page:
15
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Universal Repeater mode setting page:
16
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
ESSID
The ESSID (up to 31 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional merging of two
co-located WLANs. Please make sure that the ESSID of all stations in
the same WLAN network are the same. The default ESSID is “default”.
You should assign ESSID in “AP mode”, “Station-Ad Hoc mode”,
“Station-Infrastructure mode”, “AP Bridge-WDS mode” and “Universal
Repeater mode”.
Band
It allows you to set the AP fix at 802.11b or 802.11g mode. You also can
select B+G mode to allow the AP select 802.11b and 802.11g connection
automatically.
Channel Number
Select the appropriate channel from the list provided to correspond with
your network settings. Channels differ from country to country.
Channel 1-11 (North America)
Channel 1-14 (Japan)
Channel 1-13 (Europe)
17
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
There are 14 channels available.
You should assign Channel Number in “AP mode”, “Station-Ad Hoc
mode”, “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”, “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point
mode” and “AP Bridge-WDS mode”, “Universal Repeater mode”.
MAC Address
If you want to bridge more than one wired Ethernet networks together
with wireless LAN, you have to set this access point to “AP Bridge-Point
to Point mode”, “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP BridgeWDS mode”. You have to enter the MAC addresses of other access
points that join the bridging work.
WLAN MAC
In “Station-Ad Hoc mode”, “Station-Infrastructure mode” and “Universal
Repeater mode”, this device need a WLAN MAC address to act as a
station to connect to other peer or access point. You also can click
“Clone MAC” button to let this device copy the MAC address of the PC
you are using to configure this device.
Root AP SSID
In “Universal Repeater mode”, this device can act as a station to connect
to a Root AP. You should assign the SSID of the Root AP here.
Set Security
In “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”, ““AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point
mode” and “AP Bridge-WDS mode”, you can click “Set Security” to add
encryption for the communication between the bridged access points.
This can protect your wireless network.
Associated Clients
Click “Show Active Clients” button, then an “Active Wireless Client Table”
will pop up. You can see the status of all active wireless stations that are
connecting to the access point.
Wireless Site Survey
When you use this access point as a wireless station for wired network
device to have wireless capability, you have to associate it will an
working access point. Click “Select Site Survey” button, then a “Wireless
Site Survey Table” will pop up. It will list all available access points near
by. You can select one access point in the table and it will join wireless
LAN through this access point.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
Set Security
18
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
“Set Security” let you setup the wireless security for the data transmission
between the bridged access points in “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”, “AP
Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”. It provides
“WEP 64bits”, “WEP 128bits”, “WPA (TKIP)”, “WPA2 (AES)” encryption
methods.
Parameter
Description
Encryption
You can select “No encryption”,“WEP 64bits”, “WEP 128bits”, “WPA
(TKIP)” or “WPA2 (AES)” encryption methods.
Key Format
This is only used when you select “WEP 64bits” or “WEP 128bits”
encryption method. You may select to select ASCII Characters
(alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”
range) to be the WEP Key. For example:
ASCII Characters: guest
Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde
WEP Key
This is only used when you select “WEP 64bits” or “WEP 128bits”
encryption method. The WEP key is used to encrypt data transmitted
between the bridged access points. Fill the text box by following the rules
below.
64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range)
or 5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys.
19
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”
range) or 10-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys.
Pre-shared Key Format
You may select to select Passphrase (alphanumeric format) or
Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Preshared Key. For example:
Passphrase: iamguest
Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde
Pre-shared Key
The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data transmitted
between the bridged access points. Fill the text box by following the rules
below. Hex WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”
range) or at least 8 character pass phrase as the pre-shared keys.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
Active Wireless Client Table
20
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
“Active Wireless Client Table” records the status of all active wireless stations
that are connecting to the access point. You can lookup the MAC Address,
Number of Transmitted Packets, Number of Received Packets and
Encryption Status of each active wireless client in this table.
Parameter
MAC Address
Tx Packet
Description
MAC address of this active wireless station.
The number of transmitted packets that are sent out from this active
wireless station.
Rx Packet
The number of received packets that are received by this active wireless
station.
TX Rate
Power Saving
The transmission rate in Mbps.
Shows if the wireless client is in Power Saving mode.
The time in second before dissociation. If the wireless keeps idle long
Expired Time
than the expired time, this access point will dissociate it. The wireless
client station has to associate again when it become active.
Refresh
Refresh the “Active Wireless Client Table”.
Close
Refresh the “Active Wireless Client Table”.
Wireless Site Survey
21
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
When this access point is in “Station-Ad Hoc mode”, “Station-Infrastructure
mode” or “Universal Repeater mode”, it should associate with an access point
or station and connect to your wireless LAN through the associated access
point or station. “Wireless Site Survey” searches for all available access
points near by. You can select one access point listed in this table.
3.2.3 Advanced Setting
You can set advanced parameters of this access point. The parameters
include Authentication Type, Fragment Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon
Interval, Tx Operation Rate, Tx Basic Rate, Preamble Type, Broadcast
ESSID. You should not change these parameters unless you know what
effect the changes will have on this access point.
22
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
Authentication Type
There are two authentication types: “Open System” and “Shared Key”.
When you select “Open System”, wireless stations can associate with
this access point without WEP encryption. When you select “Shared
Key”, you should also setup WEP key in the “Encryption” page and
wireless stations should use WEP encryption in the authentication phase
to associate with this access point. If you select “Auto”, the wireless client
can associate with this access point by using any one of these two
authentication types.
Fragment Threshold
“Fragment Threshold” specifies the maximum size of packet during the
fragmentation of data to be transmitted. If you set this value too low, it will
result in bad performance.
RTS Threshold
When the packet size is smaller than the RTS threshold, the access point
will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.
23
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Beacon Interval
The interval of time that this access point broadcast a beacon. Beacon is
used to synchronize the wireless network.
Data Rate
The “Data Rate” is the rate this access point uses to transmit data
packets. The access point will use the highest possible selected
transmission rate to transmit the data packets.
Preamble Type
Preamble type defines the length of CRC block in the frames during the
wireless communication. “Short Preamble” is suitable for high traffic
wireless network. “Long Preamble” can provide more reliable
communication.
Broadcast ESSID
If you enable “Broadcast ESSID”, every wireless station located within
the coverage of this access point can discover this access point easily. If
you are building a public wireless network, enabling this feature is
recommended. Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better security.
IAPP
If you enable “IAPP”, the access point will automatically broadcast
information of associated wireless stations to its neighbors. This will help
wireless station roaming smoothly between access points. If you have
more than one access points in your wireless LAN and wireless stations
have roaming requirements, enabling this feature is recommended.
Disabling “IAPP” can provide better security.
802.11g Protection
This is also called CTS Protection. It is recommended to enable the
protection mechanism. This mechanism can decrease the rate of data
collision between 802.11b and 802.11g wireless stations. When the
protection mode is enabled, the throughput of the AP will be a little lower
due to many of frame traffic should be transmitted.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
24
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.4 Security
This Access Point provides complete wireless LAN security functions, include
WEP, IEEE 802.11x, IEEE 802.11x with WEP, WPA with pre-shared key and
WPA with RADIUS. With these security functions, you can prevent your
wireless LAN from illegal access. Please make sure your wireless stations
use the same security function.
Note: This access point can act as station and AP at the same time in
“Universal Repeater mode”. The security settings only apply to AP function in
“Universal Repeater mode”. The station function of “Universal Repeater
mode” does not have security feature.
25
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
WEP only
When you select 64-bit or128-bit WEP key, you have to enter WEP keys to
encrypt data. You can generate the key by yourself and enter it. You can
enter four WEP keys and select one of them as default key. Then the access
point can receive any packets encrypted by one of the four keys. You can use
WEP encryption in “AP mode”, “Station-Ad Hoc mode”, “Station-Infrastructure
mode”, “AP Bridge-WDS mode” and “Universal Repeater mode”.
26
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
Key Length
You can select the 64 or 128-bit key to encrypt transmitted data. Larger
WEP key length will provide higher level of security, but the throughput
will be lower.
Key Format
You may select to select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric format) or
Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the WEP
Key. For example:
ASCII Characters: guest
Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde
Default Tx Key
Select one of the four keys to encrypt your data. Only the key you select
it in the “Default key” will take effect.
Key 1 - Key 4
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range)
or 5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys.
128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”
range) or 10-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
27
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
802.1x only
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid
account to login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN. The
authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. This mode only
authenticates user by IEEE 802.1x, but it does not encryption the data during
communication. You can use 802.1x without encryption in “AP mode”, “AP
Bridge-WDS mode” and “Universal Repeater mode”.
Parameter
Description
RADIUS Server IP address
The IP address of external RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Port
The service port of the external RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Password
The password used by external RADIUS server.
28
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
802.1x WEP static key
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid
account to login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN. The
authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. This mode also uses WEP
to encrypt the data during communication. You can use 802.1x with WEP
encryption in “AP mode”, “AP Bridge-WDS mode” and “Universal Repeater
mode”.
For the WEP settings, please refer to section “WEP only”. For the 802.1x
settings, please refer to section “802.1x only”.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
WPA pre-shared key
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can
use a pre-shared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data
during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP(AES) to change the encryption
key frequently. So the encryption key is not easy to be broken by hackers.
This can improve security very much. You can use WPA pre-shared key
encryption in “AP mode”, “Station-Ad Hoc mode”, “Station-Infrastructure
mode”, “AP Bridge-WDS mode” and “Universal Repeater mode”.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
WPA(TKIP)
TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless
LAN security.
WPA2(AES)
This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. AES can
provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security.
WPA2 Mixed
This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer
automatically.
Pre-shared Key Format
You may select to select Passphrase (alphanumeric format) or
Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Preshared Key. For example:
Passphrase: iamguest
Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde
Pre-shared Key
The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data transmitted
in the wireless network. Fill the text box by following the rules below. Hex
WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or at
least 8 character pass phrase as the pre-shared keys.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
WPA RADIUS
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can
use an external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide
the session key to encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP or
CCMP(AES) to change the encryption key frequently. This can improve
security very much. You can use WPA RADIUS encryption in “AP mode”, “AP
Bridge-WDS mode” and “Universal Repeater mode”.
32
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
WPA(TKIP)
TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless
LAN security.
WPA2(AES)
This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. AES can
provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security.
WPA2 Mixed
This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer
automatically.
RADIUS Server IP address
The IP address of external RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Port
The service port of the external RADIUS server.
RADIUS Server Password
The password used by external RADIUS server.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.5 MAC Address Filtering
This Access Point provides MAC Address Filtering, which prevents the
unauthorized MAC Addresses from accessing your wireless network.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
Enable Wireless Access
Enable or disable the MAC Address Filtering function.
Control
MAC Address Filtering Table This table records the MAC addresses of wireless stations you want to
allow to access your network. The “Comment” field is the description of
the wireless station associated with the “MAC Address” and is helpful for
you to recognize the wireless station.
Add MAC address into the
In the bottom “New” area, fill in the “MAC Address” and “Comment” of the
table
wireless station to be added and then click “Add”. Then this wireless
station will be added into the “MAC Address Filtering Table” above. If you
find any typo before adding it and want to retype again. Just click “Clear”
and both “MAC Address” and “Comment” fields will be cleared.
Remove MAC address from If you want to remove some MAC address from the “MAC Address
the table
Filtering Table”, select the MAC addresses you want to remove in the
table and then click “Delete Selected”. If you want remove all MAC
addresses from the table, just click “Delete All” button.
Reset
Click “Reset” will clear your current selections.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.6 System Utility
From here, you can define the Access Point’s IP Address and Login
Password and enable the Access Point to be a DHCP Server.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameter
Description
Current Password
Enter the current password (up to 15-digit alphanumeric string) of the
Access Point. The default password for the Access Point is 1234. Note
that the password is case-sensitive.
New Password
Enter the password (up to 15-digit alphanumeric string) you want to login
to the Access Point. Note that the password is case-sensitive.
Re-Enter Password
Reconfirm the password (up to 15-digit alphanumeric string) you want to
login to the Access Point. Note that the password is case-sensitive.
IP Address
Designate the Access Point’s IP Address. This IP Address should be
unique in your network. The default IP Address is 192.168.2.1.
Subnet Mask
Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment. The Subnet Mask of the
Access Point is fixed and the value is 255.255.255.0.
Gateway Address
The IP address of the default gateway of the subnet that this access point
resides in. It allows this access point be accessed by PC from deferent
subnet to do configuration.
DHCP Server
Enable or disable the DHCP Server.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
DHCP Server Setting
DHCP Server will automatically give your LAN client an IP address. If the
DHCP is not enabled then you’ll have to manually set your LAN client’s IP
address.
Parameter
Description
Default Gateway IP
Specify the gateway IP in your network. This IP address should be
different from the Management IP.
Domain Name Server IP
This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address that they gave you; or you can
specify your own preferred DNS server IP address.
Start IP/End IP
You can designate a particular IP address range for your DHCP server to
issue IP addresses to your LAN Clients. By default the IP range is from: Start
IP 192.168.2.100 to End IP 192.168.2.200.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Domain Name
You can specify the Domain Name for your Access Point.
Lease Time
The DHCP Server when enabled will temporarily give your LAN client an IP
address. In the Lease Time setting you can specify the time period that the
DHCP Server lends an IP address to your LAN clients. The DHCP Server will
change your LAN client’s IP address when this time threshold period is
reached.
Click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure
other advance sections or start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.7 Configuration Tool
The Configuration Tools screen allows you to save (Backup) the Access
Point’s current configuration setting. Saving the configuration settings
provides an added protection and convenience should problems occur with
the Access Point and you have to reset to factory default. When you save the
configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved configuration into
the Access Point through the Restore selection. If extreme problems occur
you can use the Restore to Factory Default selection, this will set all
configurations to its original default settings (e.g. when you first purchased
the Access Point).
Parameter
Description
Configuration Tools
Use the "Backup" tool to save the Access Point’s current configuration to
a file named "config.bin" on your PC. You can then use the "Restore"
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
tool to upload and restore the saved configuration to the Access Point.
Alternatively, you can use the "Restore to Factory Default" tool to force
the Access Point to perform a power reset and restore the original factory
settings.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.8 Firmware Upgrade
This page allows you to upgrade the Access Point’s firmware.
Parameter
Description
Firmware Upgrade
This tool allows you to upgrade the Access Point’s system firmware. To
upgrade the firmware of your Access Point, you need to download the
firmware file to your local hard disk, and enter that file name and path in
the appropriate field on this page. You can also use the Browse button to
find the firmware file on your PC. Please reset the Access Point when the
upgrade process is complete.
Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click Apply button at the bottom of the screen to start the upgrade
process. (You may have to wait a few minutes for the upgrade to complete). Once the upgrade is complete you
can start using the Access Point.
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Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.9 Reset
You can reset the Access Point’s system should any problem exist. The reset
function essentially Re-boots your Access Point’s system.
Parameter
Description
Reset
In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in some way stops
functioning, you can perform a reset. Your settings will not be changed. To
perform the reset, click on the Apply button. You will be asked to confirm
your decision. Once the reset process is complete you may start using the
Access Point again.
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Troubleshooting
Chapter 4
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the
installation and operation of the Access Point.
1. How to manually find your PC’s IP and MAC Address?
1)
In Windows, open the Command Prompt program
2)
Type Ipconfig /all and Enter
y
Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address
y
Your PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address
2. What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc wireless LAN is a group of computers, each with a WLAN
adapter, connected as an independent wireless LAN.
3. What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure
configuration.
4. What is BSS ID?
A group of wireless stations and an Access Point compose a Basic
Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS must be configured with the
same BSSID.
5. What is ESSID?
An Infrastructure configuration could also support roaming capability for
mobile workers. More than one BSS can be configured as an Extended
Service Set (ESS). Users within an ESS could roam freely between BSSs
while maintaining a continuous connection to the wireless network
stations and the Wireless LAN Access Points.
6. Can data be intercepted while transmitting through the air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as
with Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent
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Troubleshooting
scrambling security feature. On the software side, the WLAN series offers
the encryption function (WEP) to enhance security and access control.
7. What is WEP?
WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism
based on a 64(40)-bit shared key algorithm.
8. What is a MAC Address?
The Media Access Control (MAC) address is a unique number assigned
by the manufacturer to any Ethernet networking device, such as a
network adapter, that allows the network to identify it at the hardware
level. For all practical purposes, this number is usually permanent. Unlike
IP addresses, which can change every time a computer logs on to the
network, the MAC address of a device stays the same, making it a
valuable identifier for the network.
45