Edimax Technology EW-7811UN Network Card User Manual

Z1000
Motorcycle
Service Manual
Quick Reference Guide
This quick reference guide will assist
you in locating a desired topic or procedure.
•Bend the pages back to match the
black tab of the desired chapter number with the black tab on the edge at
each table of contents page.
•Refer to the sectional table of contents
for the exact pages to locate the specific topic required.
General Information
1 j
Periodic Maintenance
2 j
Fuel System (DFI)
3 j
Cooling System
4 j
Engine Top End
5 j
Clutch
6 j
Engine Lubrication System
7 j
Engine Removal/Installation
8 j
Crankshaft/Transmission
9 j
Wheels/Tires
10 j
Final Drive
11 j
Brakes
12 j
Suspension
13 j
Steering
14 j
Frame
15 j
Electrical System
16 j
Appendix
17 j
Z1000
Motorcycle
Service Manual
All rights reserved. No parts of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of Quality Assurance Department/Consumer Products and Machinery
Company/Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., Japan.
No liability can be accepted for any inaccuracies or omissions in this publication, although every possible
care has been taken to make it as complete and accurate as possible.
The right is reserved to make changes at any time without prior notice and without incurring an obligation
to make such changes to products manufactured previously. See your Motorcycle dealer for the latest
information on product improvements incorporated after this publication.
All information contained in this publication is based on the latest product information available at the time
of publication. Illustrations and photographs in this publication are intended for reference use only and may
not depict actual model component parts.
© 2002 Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Third Edition (1) : Aug. 25, 2003 (K)
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
A
ABDC
AC
ATDC
BBDC
BDC
BTDC
°C
DC
F
°F
ft
g
h
L
ampere(s)
after bottom dead center
alternating current
after top dead center
before bottom dead center
bottom dead center
before top dead center
degree(s) Celsius
direct current
farad(s)
degree(s) Fahrenheit
foot, feet
gram(s)
hour(s)
liter(s)
lb
m
min
N
Pa
PS
psi
r
rpm
TDC
TIR
V
W
Ω
pound(s)
meter(s)
minute(s)
newton(s)
pascal(s)
horsepower
pound(s) per square inch
revolution
revolution(s) per minute
top dead center
total indicator reading
volt(s)
watt(s)
ohm(s)
Read OWNER’S MANUAL before operating.
EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
To protect the environment in which we all live, Kawasaki has incorporated crankcase emission (1) and exhaust emission (2) control systems in compliance with applicable regulations of
the United States Environmental Protection Agency and California Air Resources Board. Additionally, Kawasaki has incorporated an evaporative emission control system (3) in compliance
with applicable regulations of the California Air Resources Board on vehicles sold in California
only.
1. Crankcase Emission Control System
This system eliminates the release of crankcase vapors into the atmosphere. Instead, the vapors
are routed through an oil separator to the intake side of the engine. While the engine is operating,
the vapors are drawn into combustion chamber, where they are burned along with the fuel and air
supplied by the fuel injection system.
2. Exhaust Emission Control System
This system reduces the amount of pollutants discharged into the atmosphere by the exhaust
of this motorcycle. The fuel, ignition, and exhaust systems of this motorcycle have been carefully
designed and constructed to ensure an efficient engine with low exhaust pollutant levels.
The exhaust system of this model motorcycle manufactured primarily for sale in California includes
a catalytic converter system.
3. Evaporative Emission Control System
Vapors caused by fuel evaporation in the fuel system are not vented into the atmosphere. Instead, fuel vapors are routed into the running engine to be burned, or stored in a canister when
the engine is stopped. Liquid fuel is caught by a vapor separator and returned to the fuel tank.
The Clean Air Act, which is the Federal law covering motor vehicle pollution, contains what is
commonly referred to as the Act’s "tampering provisions."
"Sec. 203(a) The following acts and the causing thereof are prohibited...
(3)(A) for any person to remove or render inoperative any device or element of design installed
on or in a motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine in compliance with regulations under this
title prior to its sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser, or for any manufacturer or dealer
knowingly to remove or render inoperative any such device or element of design after such
sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser.
(3)(B) for any person engaged in the business of repairing, servicing, selling, leasing, or trading
motor vehicles or motor vehicle engines, or who operates a fleet of motor vehicles knowingly to remove or render inoperative any device or element of design installed on or in a
motor vehicle or motor vehicle engine in compliance with regulations under this title following its sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser..."
NOTE
○The phrase "remove or render inoperative any device or element of design" has been generally
interpreted as follows:
1. Tampering does not include the temporary removal or rendering inoperative of devices or elements of design in order to perform maintenance.
2. Tampering could include:
a.Maladjustment of vehicle components such that the emission standards are exceeded.
b.Use of replacement parts or accessories which adversely affect the performance
or durability of the motorcycle.
c.Addition of components or accessories that result in the vehicle exceeding the standards.
d.Permanently removing, disconnecting, or rendering inoperative any component or
element of design of the emission control systems.
WE RECOMMEND THAT ALL DEALERS OBSERVE THESE PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL
LAW, THE VIOLATION OF WHICH IS PUNISHABLE BY CIVIL PENALTIES NOT
EXCEEDING $10,000 PER VIOLATION.
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering
inoperative by any person other than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control
prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use, or (2) the use of the
vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by
any person.
Among those acts presumed to constitute tampering are the acts listed below:
Replacement of the original exhaust system or muffler with a component not in compliance
with Federal regulations.
Removal of the muffler(s) or any internal portion of the muffler(s).
Removal of the air box or air box cover.
Modifications to the muffler(s) or air inlet system by cutting, drilling, or other means if such
modifications result in increased noise levels.
•
•
•
•
Foreword
This manual is designed primarily for use by
trained mechanics in a properly equipped shop.
However, it contains enough detail and basic information to make it useful to the owner who desires to perform his own basic maintenance and
repair work. A basic knowledge of mechanics,
the proper use of tools, and workshop procedures must be understood in order to carry out
maintenance and repair satisfactorily. Whenever the owner has insufficient experience or
doubts his ability to do the work, all adjustments, maintenance, and repair should be carried out only by qualified mechanics.
In order to perform the work efficiently and
to avoid costly mistakes, read the text, thoroughly familiarize yourself with the procedures
before starting work, and then do the work carefully in a clean area. Whenever special tools or
equipment are specified, do not use makeshift
tools or equipment. Precision measurements
can only be made if the proper instruments are
used, and the use of substitute tools may adversely affect safe operation.
For the duration of the warranty period,
we recommend that all repairs and scheduled
maintenance be performed in accordance with
this service manual. Any owner maintenance or
repair procedure not performed in accordance
with this manual may void the warranty.
To get the longest life out of your vehicle:
Follow the Periodic Maintenance Chart in the
Service Manual.
Be alert for problems and non-scheduled
maintenance.
Use proper tools and genuine Kawasaki Motorcycle parts. Special tools, gauges, and
testers that are necessary when servicing
Kawasaki motorcycles are introduced by the
Special Tool Catalog or Manual. Genuine
parts provided as spare parts are listed in the
Parts Catalog.
Follow the procedures in this manual carefully. Don’t take shortcuts.
Remember to keep complete records of maintenance and repair with dates and any new
parts installed.
•
•
•
•
•
How to Use This Manual
In preparing this manual, we divided the product into its major systems. These systems became the manual’s chapters. All information
for a particular system from adjustment through
disassembly and inspection is located in a single chapter.
The Quick Reference Guide shows you all
of the product’s system and assists in locating
their chapters. Each chapter in turn has its own
comprehensive Table of Contents.
The Periodic Maintenance Chart is located in
the Periodic Maintenance chapter. The chart
gives a time schedule for required maintenance
operations.
If you want spark plug information, for example, go to the Periodic Maintenance Chart first.
The chart tells you how frequently to clean and
gap the plug. Next, use the Quick Reference
Guide to locate the Periodic Maintenance chapter. Then, use the Table of Contents on the first
page of the chapter to find the Spark Plug section.
Whenever you see these WARNING and
CAUTION symbols, heed their instructions!
Always follow safe operating and maintenance
practices.
WARNING
This warning symbol identifies special
instructions or procedures which, if not
correctly followed, could result in personal injury, or loss of life.
CAUTION
This caution symbol identifies special
instructions or procedures which, if not
strictly observed, could result in damage to or destruction of equipment.
This manual contains four more symbols (in
addition to WARNING and CAUTION) which will
help you distinguish different types of information.
NOTE
○This note symbol indicates points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation.
a procedural step or work to be
• Indicates
done.
○Indicates a procedural sub-step or how to do
the work of the procedural step it follows. It
also precedes the text of a NOTE.
Indicates a conditional step or what action to
take based on the results of the test or inspection in the procedural step or sub-step it follows.
In most chapters an exploded view illustration
of the system components follows the Table of
Contents. In these illustrations you will find the
instructions indicating which parts require specified tightening torque, oil, grease or a locking
agent during assembly.
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-1
General Information
1
Table of Contents
Before Servicing .....................................................................................................................
Model Identification.................................................................................................................
General Specifications............................................................................................................
Technical Information – Air Inlet System ................................................................................
Technical Information – New Ignition Interlock Sidestand ......................................................
Technical Information – Tail/Brake Lights Employing LED .....................................................
Technical Information - KLEEN (KAWASAKI LOW EXHAUST EMISSION SYSTEM) ...........
Unit Conversion Table ............................................................................................................
1-2
1-7
1-8
1-11
1-13
1-14
1-16
1-17
1-2 GENERAL INFORMATION
Before Servicing
Before starting to perform an inspection service or carry out a disassembly and reassembly operation on a motorcycle, read the precautions given below. To facilitate actual operations, notes, illustrations, photographs, cautions, and detailed descriptions have been included in each chapter wherever
necessary. This section explains the items that require particular attention during the removal and
reinstallation or disassembly and reassembly of general parts.
Especially note the following:
Battery Ground
Before completing any service on the motorcycle, disconnect the battery wires from the battery to prevent the engine
from accidentally turning over. Disconnect the ground wire
(−) first and then the positive (+). When completed with the
service, first connect the positive (+) wire to the positive (+)
terminal of the battery then the negative (−) wire to the negative terminal.
Edges of Parts
Lift large or heavy parts wearing gloves to prevent injury
from possible sharp edges on the parts.
Solvent
Use a high flush point solvent when cleaning parts. High
flush point solvent should be used according to directions
of the solvent manufacturer.
Cleaning vehicle before disassembly
Clean the vehicle thoroughly before disassembly. Dirt or
other foreign materials entering into sealed areas during vehicle disassembly can cause excessive wear and decrease
performance of the vehicle.
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-3
Before Servicing
Arrangement and Cleaning of Removed Parts
Disassembled parts are easy to confuse. Arrange the
parts according to the order the parts were disassembled
and clean the parts in order prior to assembly.
Storage of Removed Parts
After all the parts including subassembly parts have been
cleaned, store the parts in a clean area. Put a clean cloth
or plastic sheet over the parts to protect from any foreign
materials that may collect before re-assembly.
Inspection
Reuse of worn or damaged parts may lead to serious accident. Visually inspect removed parts for corrosion, discoloration, or other damage. Refer to the appropriate sections
of this manual for service limits on individual parts. Replace
the parts if any damage has been found or if the part is beyond its service limit.
Replacement Parts
Replacement Parts must be KAWASAKI genuine or recommended by KAWASAKI. Gaskets, O rings, Oil seals,
Grease seals, circlips or cotter pins must be replaced with
new ones whenever disassembled.
Assembly Order
In most cases assembly order is the reverse of disassembly, however, if assembly order is provided in this Service
Manual, follow the procedures given.
1-4 GENERAL INFORMATION
Before Servicing
Tightening Sequence
Bolts, nuts, or screws must be tightened according to the
specified sequence to prevent case warpage or deformation
which can lead to malfunction. If the specified tightening
sequence is not indicated, tighten the fasteners alternating
diagonally.
Tightening Torque
Incorrect torque applied to a bolt, nut, or screw may
lead to serious damage. Tighten fasteners to the specified
torque using a good quality torque wrench.
Often, the tightening sequence is followed twice-initial
tightening and final tightening with torque wrench.
Force
Use common sense during disassembly and assembly,
excessive force can cause expensive or hard to repair damage. When necessary, remove screws that have a non
-permanent locking agent applied using an impact driver.
Use a plastic-faced mallet whenever tapping is necessary.
Gasket, Oring
Hardening, shrinkage, or damage of both gaskets and
grease seals after disassembly can reduce sealing performance. Remove old gaskets and clean the sealing surfaces
thoroughly so that no gasket material or other material remains. Install new gaskets and replace used grease seal
when re-assembling
Liquid Gasket, Locking Agent
For applications that require Liquid Gasket or a Locking
agent, clean the surfaces so that no oil residue remains before applying liquid gasket or locking agent. Do not apply
them excessively. Excessive application can clog oil passages and cause serious damage.
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-5
Before Servicing
Press
For items such as bearings or oil seals that must be
pressed into place, apply small amount of oil to the contact area. Be sure to maintain proper alignment and use
smooth movements when installing.
Ball Bearing and Needle Bearing
Do not remove pressed ball or needle unless removal is
absolutely necessary. Replace with new ones whenever
removed. Press bearings with the manufacturer and size
marks facing out. Press the bearing into place by putting
pressure on the correct bearing race as shown.
Pressing the incorrect race can cause pressure between
the inner and outer race and result in bearing damage.
Oil Seal, Grease Seal
Do not remove pressed oil or grease seals unless removal
is necessary. Replace with new ones whenever removed.
Press new oil seals with manufacture and size marks facing
out. Make sure the seal is aligned properly when installing.
Circlips, Cotter Pins
Replace circlips or cotter pins that were removed with new
ones. Install the circlip with its sharp edge facing outward
and its chamfered side facing inward to prevent the clip from
being pushed out of its groove when loaded. Take care
not to open the clip excessively when installing to prevent
deformation.
Lubrication
It is important to lubricate rotating or sliding parts during
assembly to minimize wear during initial operation. Lubrication points are called out throughout this manual, apply
the specific oil or grease as specified.
1-6 GENERAL INFORMATION
Before Servicing
Direction of Engine Rotation
When rotating the crankshaft by hand, the free play
amount of rotating direction will affect the adjustment. Rotate the crankshaft to positive direction (clockwise viewed
from output side).
Electrical Wires
A two-color wire is identified first by the primary color and
then the stripe color. Unless instructed otherwise, electrical
wires must be connected to those of the same color.
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-7
Model Identification
ZR1000–A1 Left Side View:
ZR1000–A1 Right Side View:
1-8 GENERAL INFORMATION
General Specifications
ZR1000–A1 ∼
Items
Dimensions:
Overall length
2 080 mm (81.9 in.)
Overall width
770 mm (30.3 in.)
Overall height
1 055 mm (41.5 in.)
Wheelbase
1 420 mm (55.9 in.)
Road clearance
145 mm (5.7 in.)
Seat height
820 mm (32.3 in.)
Dry mass
198 kg (410.1 lb)
Curb mass:
Front
110 kg (242.6 lb)
Rear
111 kg (244.8 lb)
Fuel tank capacity
18 L (5.0 US gal.)
Performance:
Minimum turning radius
2.8 m (9.2 ft)
Engine:
Type
4-stroke, DOHC, 4-cylinder
Cooling system
Liquid-cooled
Bore and stroke
77.2 × 50.9 mm (3.0 × 2.0 in.)
Displacement
953 mL (58.15 cu in.)
Compression ratio
11.2
Maximum horsepower
93.4 kW (127 PS) @10 000 r/min (rpm),
(MY, AU) 90.5 kW (123 PS) @10 000 r/min (rpm)
(HR) 78.2 kW (106 PS) @10 000 r/min (rpm)
(US) - - -
Maximum torque
95.6 N·m (9.7 kgf·m, 71 ft·lb) @8 000 r/min (rpm),
(MY, AU) 92.7 N·m (9.4 kgf·m, 68 ft·lb) @8 000 r/min (rpm)
(HR) 86.3 N·m (8.8 kgf·m, 64 ft·lb) @7 500 r/min (rpm)
(US) - - -
Carburetion system
FI (Fuel Injection) Keihin TTK38 × 4
Starting system
Electric starter
Ignition system
Battery and coil (transistorized)
Timing advance
Electronically advanced(digital igniter)
Ignition timing
From 10° BTDC @1 100 r/min (rpm)
to 36° BTDC @7 500 r/min (rpm)
Spark plug
NGK CR9EK or ND U27ETR
Cylinder numbering method
Left to right, 1-2-3-4
Firing order
1-2-4-3
Valve timing:
Inlet
Exhaust
Open
38° BTDC
Close
66° ABDC
Duration
284°
Open
Close
Duration
57° BBDC
31° ATDC
268°
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-9
General Specifications
ZR1000–A1 ∼
Items
Lubrication system
Engine oil:
Type
Viscosity
Capacity
Drive Train:
Primary reduction system:
Type
Reduction ratio
Clutch type
Transmission:
Type
Gear ratios:
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
Final drive system:
Type
Reduction ratio
Overall drive ratio
Frame:
Type
Caster (rake angle)
Trail
Front tire:
Type
Size
Rear tire:
Type
Size
Front suspension:
Type
Wheel travel
Rear suspension:
Type
Wheel travel
Brake Type:
Forced lubrication (wet sump with cooler)
API SE, SF or SG
API SH or SJ with JASO MA
SAE10W-40
3.8 L (4.0 US qt)
Gear
1.714 (84/49)
Wet multi disc
6-speed, constant mesh, return shift
2.571
1.941
1.555
1.333
1.200
1.095
(36/14)
(33/17)
(28/18)
(28/21)
(24/20)
(23/21)
Chain drive
2.625 (42/16)
4.929 @Top gear
Tubular, diamond
24°
101 mm (4.0 in.)
Tubeless
120/70 ZR17 M/C (58W)
Tubeless
190/50 ZR17 M/C (73W)
Telescopic fork (upside-down)
120 mm (4.7 in.)
Front
Swingarm (uni-trak)
138 mm (5.4 in.)
Dual discs
Rear
Single disc
Electrical Equipment:
Battery
Headlight:
12 V 8 Ah
Type
Semi-sealed beam
Bulb
12 V 55 W × 2/55 W (Hi/Lo)
1-10 GENERAL INFORMATION
General Specifications
ZR1000–A1 ∼
Items
Tail/brake light
12 V 0.5/3.8 W (LED)
(US, CA, Cal) 12 V 0.5/5W (LED)
Alternator:
Type
Three-phase AC
Rated output
24 A/ 14 V @5 000 r/min (rpm)
Specifications are subject to change without notice, and may not apply to every country.
(AU): Australia Model
(US): U.S.A. Model
(CA): Canada Model
(Cal): California Model
(MY): Malaysia Model
(HR): with Honeycomb Catalytic Converter Model (Restricted model)
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-11
Technical Information – Air Inlet System
Subthrottle Control System
The ZR1000–A1 ∼ employs large bore throttle bodies to increase power output. However, sudden
changes in throttle opening can cause hesitation and jerky throttle response with a single butterfly
valve in a large bore. Therefore two throttle valves are placed in each inlet tract, the main throttle
valve located closest to the cylinder and a subthrottle valve placed further up the inlet tract. The main
throttle valve is operated by the rider when the throttle grip is turned clockwise or counterclockwise,
while the subthrottle valve is operated by a stepping motor controlled by the ECU. The subthrottle
valve automatically adjusts air inlet to more precisely match engine demand, so that when the main
throttle is opened quickly there is no hesitation or jerky response.
The subthrottle valves allow the fuel injection system to provide smooth throttle response, similar to
that of a constant velocity carburetor, no matter how quickly the throttle is opened.
A. Main Throttle Valve
B. Subthrottle Valve
C. Throttle Valve
D. Vacuum Piston
E. Inlet Air
1-12 GENERAL INFORMATION
Technical Information – Air Inlet System
Operation
The subthrottle control system consists of the subthrottle valve, subthrottle valve actuator with a
stepping motor built in it, ECU, and subthrottle sensor. The subthrottle valve is built in the each throttle
body.
The subthrottle control system operates on the signal supplied from the ECU. The open/close operation of the subthrottle valve is performed by the subthrottle actuator which is controlled by the ECU
to change the current direction into the motor of the subthrottle valve actuator.
The subthrottle sensor detects the subthrottle valve actuator movement by measuring voltage and
the ECU determines the subthrottle valve angle based on the operation map.
When turning the ignition switch ON, every time the ECU automatically drives the subthrottle valve
from fully closed position to fully opened position. The ECU memorizes these positions and turns
back the subthrottle valve to the original point to confirm the subthrottle valve idling voltage.
A. Subthrottle Valves
B. Subthrottle Valve Actuator
C. Subthrottle Sensor
D. Main Throttle Sensor
E. ECU (Electric Control Unit)
F. Air Cleaner Side
G. Crankshaft Sensor
H. Speed Sensor
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-13
Technical Information – New Ignition Interlock Sidestand
Outline
The New Ignition Interlock Sidestand System applied to ZR1000–A1 models that cannot function if
gears are engaged and/or the sidestand is not lifted upward even though clutch lever pulled in, which
differs from the traditional one. Refer to the tables below as to the engine starts and/or the driving at
each condition.
New Ignition Interlock Sidestand System
Side Stand
Gear Position
Clutch Lever
Engine Start
Engine Run
A
Up
Neutral
Released
Starts
Continue running
B
Up
Neutral
Pulled in
Starts
Continue running
C
Up
In Gear
Released
Doesn’t start
Continue running
D
Up
In Gear
Pulled in
Starts
Continue running
E
Down
Neutral
Released
Starts
Continue running
F
Down
Neutral
Pulled in
Starts
Continue running
G
Down
In Gear
Released
Doesn’t start
Stops
H
Down
In Gear
Pulled in
Doesn’t start
Stops
Current Ignition Interlock Sidestand System
Side Stand Gear Position
Clutch Lever
Engine Start
Engine Run
A
Up
Neutral
Released
Starts
Continue running
B
Up
Neutral
Pulled in
Starts
Continue running
C
Up
In Gear
Released
Doesn’t start
Continue running
D
Up
In Gear
Pulled in
Starts
Continue running
E
Down
Neutral
Released
Starts
Continue running
F
Down
Neutral
Pulled in
Starts
Continue running
G
Down
In Gear
Released
Doesn’t start
Stops
H
Down
In Gear
Pulled in
Start
Continue running
1-14 GENERAL INFORMATION
Technical Information – Tail/Brake Lights Employing LED
Outline
This model employs a tail/brake light containing 21 Light Emitting Diodes (LED). The LED emits
luminous beams over a longer life span than those emitted from a traditional electric heated bulb
(more than 5 times longer), uses lower voltage, expends lower wattage (approx.1/5), and is quicker
responsing.
Due Position of LED Installation
The resistors, the diodes, and the Zener diodes are
mounted in the electronic circuits [A] of the LED, which
supplies the steady current and voltage to the light.
Light Emitting Diode (LED)
The Light Emitting Diode (LED) [A] is an element of semiconductor diode that converts applied voltage to light.
The LED emits luminous beams by the collision of negative charge electrons [A] and positive charge holes [B] when
applied the forward voltage and current to the PN junction
diode [C].
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-15
Technical Information – Tail/Brake Lights Employing LED
The emitting color differs according to the materials of
semi-conductors.
Materials of Semi-Conductor and Emitting Color
Materials of Semi-Conductor
GaAsP,
GaAlAs
Emitting Color
Red
GaP
Green
GaN
Blue
Ga: Gallium
As: Arsenic
P: Phosphorus
N: Nitrogen
Al: Aluminum
1-16 GENERAL INFORMATION
Technical Information - KLEEN (KAWASAKI LOW EXHAUST EMISSION SYSTEM)
Since the emission regulations become more severe, Kawasaki has adopted a type of simplified
KLEEN, which have no catalyst protection system, according to each regulation of different countries.
The muffler with built-in catalyst has the same durability as the conventional muffller, however, do
not use leaded gasoline and do not coast with the ignition system OFF. Running the engine without
ignition damages catalyst.
Refer to the ZX900E Service Manual (Part No. 99924-1255) for more information about the KLEEN
(theory, maintenance, and handling precautions), including the secondary air injection system.
Honeycomb Type Catalytic Converter
○The converter is a three-way catalytic converter, and its surface is covered with alumina upon which
platinum and rhodium are applied, and has a cylindrical metalic honeycomb structure made by bending a corrugated sheet and a flat sheet of stainless steel into a spiral of increasing diameter. The
honeycomb structure is convenient for the catalytic converter because it has a large surface area
but small size to react effectively and has low exhaust resistance. In addition, its inherent strength
helps resist vibration, and has simple structure welded directly on the silencer.
○Generally, the temperature of the exhaust gas must be higher than activation temperature, so the
converters are installed in the exhaust manifold rear end where the temperature of exhaust gas is
still high. And, the converters will be activated even under low load conditions.
○After the exhasut gas is diluted with the secondary air injection, the catalytic converter works well
because of rich oxygen to reduce CO, HC, and NOx. Accordingly, we can keep the exhaust gas
emission within regulation.
○This type of converter works more efficiently as a three-way catalytic converter to reduce CO, HC,
and NOx than the pipe type catalytic converter because of its more and denser catalysts.
1. Manifold
2. Silencer
3. Honeycomb Type Catalyst
4. Mark for Manifold
5. Mark for Silencer
GENERAL INFORMATION 1-17
Unit Conversion Table
Prefixes for Units:
Prefix
mega
kilo
centi
milli
micro
Symbol
M
k
c
m
µ
Units of Length:
×
×
×
×
×
Power
1 000 000
1 000
0.01
0.001
0.000001
Units of Mass:
kg
g
×
×
2.205
0.03527
=
=
lb
oz
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
gal (US)
gal (imp)
qt (US)
qt (imp)
pint (US)
pint (imp)
oz (US)
oz (imp)
cu in
Units of Volume:
L
L
L
L
L
L
mL
mL
mL
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
×
0.2642
0.2200
1.057
0.8799
2.113
1.816
0.03381
0.02816
0.06102
km
m
mm
×
×
×
0.6214
3.281
0.03937
=
=
=
mile
ft
in
=
=
=
=
=
=
kgf·m
ft·lb
in·lb
N·m
ft·lb
in·lb
=
=
=
=
=
=
kgf/cm²
psi
cm Hg
kPa
psi
kPa
=
mph
=
=
=
=
PS
HP
kW
HP
Units of Torque:
N·m
N·m
N·m
kgf·m
kgf·m
kgf·m
×
×
×
×
×
×
0.1020
0.7376
8.851
9.807
7.233
86.80
Units of Pressure:
kPa
kPa
kPa
kgf/cm²
kgf/cm²
cm Hg
×
×
×
×
×
×
0.01020
0.1450
0.7501
98.07
14.22
1.333
Units of Speed:
km/h
×
0.6214
Units of Force:
N
N
kg
kg
×
×
×
×
0.1020
0.2248
9.807
2.205
Units of Temperature:
=
=
=
=
kg
lb
N
lb
Units of Power:
kW
kW
PS
PS
×
×
×
×
1.360
1.341
0.7355
0.9863
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-1
Periodic Maintenance
2
Table of Contents
Periodic Maintenance Chart ..............
Torque and Locking Agent.................
Specifications ....................................
Special Tools .....................................
Periodic Maintenance Procedures.....
Fuel System (DFI)...........................
Fuel Hose and Connection
Inspection..................................
Throttle Control System
Inspection..................................
Idle Speed Inspection ..................
Idle Speed Adjustment.................
Engine Vacuum Synchronization
Inspection..................................
Air Cleaner Element Cleaning......
Evaporative Emission Control
System Inspection (CAL) ..........
Cooling System...............................
Radiator Hose and Connection
Inspection..................................
Coolant Change ...........................
Engine Top End ..............................
Air Suction Valve Inspection ........
Valve Clearance Inspection .........
Valve Clearance Adjustment........
Clutch..............................................
Clutch Adjust Inspection ..............
Engine Lubrication System .............
Engine Oil Change.......................
Oil Filter Change ..........................
Wheels/Tires...................................
Tire Inspection .............................
Air Pressure
Inspection/Adjustment...............
Final Drive.......................................
Drive Chain Slack Inspection .......
2-2
2-4
2-9
2-11
2-12
2-12
2-12
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-19
2-20
2-21
2-21
2-21
2-23
2-23
2-24
2-25
2-28
2-28
2-29
2-29
2-29
2-30
2-30
2-31
2-31
2-31
Drive Chain Slack Adjustment .....
Wheel Alignment
Inspection/Adjustment...............
Drive Chain Wear Inspection .......
Drive Chain Lubrication................
Brakes.............................................
Brake Pad Wear Inspection .........
Rear Brake Light Switch
Inspection/Adjustment...............
Caliper Fluid Seal Damage ..........
Caliper Dust Seal/Friction Boot
Damage.....................................
Master Cylinder Inspection (Visual
Inspection).................................
Level Inspection ...........................
Brake Fluid Change .....................
Brake Line Bleeding.....................
Brake Hoses and Connections
Inspection..................................
Suspension .....................................
Front Fork Oil Leak Check ...........
Rear Shock Absorber Oil Leak
Check ........................................
Swingarm Pivot Lubrication .........
Uni-trak Linkage Lubrication ........
Steering ..........................................
Steering Inspection ......................
Steering Adjustment.....................
Stem Bearing Lubrication.............
Electrical System ............................
Spark Plug Cleaning and
Inspection..................................
General Lubrication ........................
Lubrication ...................................
Nut, Bolt, and Fastener Tightness ..
Tightness Inspection ....................
2-31
2-32
2-32
2-33
2-34
2-34
2-34
2-35
2-35
2-36
2-37
2-37
2-39
2-41
2-42
2-42
2-42
2-42
2-42
2-43
2-43
2-43
2-44
2-44
2-44
2-47
2-47
2-48
2-48
2-2 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Chart
The scheduled maintenance must be done in accordance with this chart to keep the motorcycle in
good running condition. The initial maintenance is vitally important and must not be neglected.
FREQUENCY Whichever
comes
first
→
↓
OPERATION
Spark plug (e) - clean and gap †
1 000 km
* ODOMETER
READING
(600 mile)
6 000 km
(4 000 mile)
12 000 km
( 7 500 mile)
18 000 km
(12 000 mile)
24 000 km
(15 000 mile)
30 000 km
(20 000 mile)
36 000 km
(24 000 mile)
Every
Valve clearance (e) - inspect †
Air suction valve (e) - inspect †
Air cleaner element (e) - clean† #
•
•
Throttle control system (e) - inspect †
Idle speed (e) - inspect †
Engine vacuum synchronization (e) inspect †
Fuel hoses, connections - inspect †
Engine oil - change #
year
Oil filter - replace
Evaporative emission control system (e)
(CAL) - inspect †
•
•
•
Drive chain wear - inspect †#
Brake pad wear - inspect †#
•
•
Brake light switch - inspect †
Steering - inspect †
Rear shock absorber oil leak - inspect †
Front fork oil leak - inspect †
Tire wear - inspect †
Swingarm pivot, Uni-trak linkage lubricate
General lubrication - perform
Nut, bolt, and fastener tightness - inspect
†
•
Drive chain - lubricate #
600 km
Drive chain slack - inspect †#
1000 km
Brake hoses, connections - inspect †
Brake fluid level - inspect †
month
• • • •
•
• • • •
•
•
• • • •
•
•
•
•
• • • •
•
•
•
•
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
• • • •
•
•
•
•
• • • •
•
•
•
•
•
•
• •
• •
•
• •
•
•
• •
•
•
• •
• •
• •
• •
• •
•
•
• •
•
•
•
• • • • • •
• • • • • • •
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-3
Periodic Maintenance Chart
FREQUENCY Whichever
comes
first
→
↓
OPERATION
Clutch-adjust †
Every
Radiator hoses, connections - inspect †
Brake fluid - change
Brake master cylinder cup and dust seal
- replace
2 years
Coolant - change
2 years
Caliper piston seal and dust seal replace
4 years
Steering stem bearing - lubricate
2 years
1 000 km
* ODOMETER
READING
(600 mile)
6 000 km
(4 000 mile)
12 000 km
( 7 500 mile)
18 000 km
(12 000 mile)
24 000 km
(15 000 mile)
30 000 km
(20 000 mile)
36 000 km
(24 000 mile)
• • • • • • •
•
•
4 years
•
•
# : Service more frequently when operating in severe conditions; dusty, wet, muddy, high speed,
or frequent starting / stopping.
* : For higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.
† : Replace, add, adjust, clean, or torque if necessary.
Throttle control system inspection: Inspection of throttle grip play and main throttle bore cleanliness
(CAL): California Model only
(e): Emission Related Items
2-4 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Torque and Locking Agent
The following tables list the tightening torque
for the major fasteners requiring use of a non
-permanent locking agent or liquid gasket.
Letters used in the “Remarks” column mean:
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent to
the threads.
G: Apply grease to the threads.
MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide grease oil
solution.
EO: Apply oil to the threads and seating surface.
S: Tighten the fasteners following the specified sequence.
SS: Apply silicone sealant.
Si: Apply silicone grease (ex. PBC grease).
R: Replacement parts
AL: Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately
two times to ensure even tightening
torque.
Fastener
Fuel System:
Inlet air pressure sensor bolt
Water temperature sensor
Vehicle downsensor bolts
Cam shaft position sensor bolt
Cam shaft position sensor rotor bolt
Throttle cable plate bolt
Throttle body cover bolts
Throttle body assy holder clamp bolts
Choke link holder screws
Delivery pipe screws
Bypass screws
Air cleaner duct holder screws
Air cleaner housing mounting bolts
Air cleaner duct clamp bolts
Air cleaner housing screws
Air cleaner housing tapping screws
Speed sensor bolt
Fuel pump bolts
Fuel level sensor bolts
Cooling System:
Radiator hose clamp screws
Thermostat air bleeder bolt
Radiator fan bolts
Water pump impeller bolt
Water pump cover bolts
The table on the right lists the basic torque
for the bolts and nuts, which are determined
by their thread diameter. Use this table for the
bolts and nuts that are not listed in the table
below according to their thread diameter. All of
the tightening torque values are for use with dry
threads that have been cleaned with solvent.
Basic Torque for General Fasteners
Threads
5
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
N·m
3.4 ∼ 4.9
5.9 ∼ 7.8
14 ∼19
25 ∼ 34
44 ∼ 61
73 ∼ 98
115 ∼ 155
165 ∼ 225
225 ∼ 325
N·m
Torque
kgf·m
dia. (mm)
Torque
kgf·m
ft·lb
0.35 ∼ 0.50
30 ∼ 43 in·lb
0.60 ∼ 0.80
52 ∼ 69 in·lb
1.4 ∼1.9
2.6 ∼ 3.5
4.5 ∼ 6.2
7.4 ∼ 10.0
10.0 ∼ 13.5
11.5 ∼ 16.0
19.0 ∼ 25
33 ∼ 45
54 ∼ 72
83 ∼ 115
17.0 ∼ 23.0
125 ∼ 165
23 ∼ 33
165 ∼ 240
ft·lb
12
25
2
12
12
6
7
2
2.1
3.4
0.2
3.8
9.8
2
1.2
1.2
6.9
9.8
6.9
1.2
2.5
0.2
1.2
1.2
0.6
0.7
0.2
0.21
0.35
0.02
0.39
1.0
0.2
0.12
0.12
0.7
1.0
0.7
104 in·lb
18
17 in·lb
104 in·lb
104 in·lb
52 in·lb
61 in·lb
17 in·lb
18 in·lb
30 in·lb
1.7 in·lb
34 in·lb
87 in·lb
17 in·lb
10 in·lb
10 in·lb
62 in·lb
87 in·lb
62 in·lb
2
7.8
8.3
10
11
0.2
0.80
0.85
1.0
1.1
17
69
74
87
95
in·lb
in·lb
in·lb
in·lb
in·lb
Remarks
L
L
S, L
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-5
Torque and Locking Agent
Fastener
Water pump drain bolt
Water pipe bolts
Thermostat housing ground bolt
Thermostat bracket bolt
Radiator upper bolts
Radiator lower bolts
Radiator screen bolt
Coolant reserve tank screws
Radiator fan switch
Water temperature sensor
Engine Top End:
Air suction valve cover bolts
Cylinder head cover bolts
Camshaft cap bolts (L=45 mm)
Camshaft cap bolts (L=40 mm)
Cylinder head bolts (M10 new bolts)
Cylinder head bolts (M10 used bolts)
Cylinder head bolts (M6)
Cylinder head jacket plugs
Throttle body holder bolts
Throttle body holder clamp screws
Camshaft sensor bolt
Camshaft sensor rotor bolt
Front camshaft chain guide bolt (upper)
Front camshaft chain guide bolt (lower)
Rear camshaft chain guide bolt
Camshaft chain tensioner mounting bolts
Camshaft chain tensioner cap bolt
Spark plugs
Coolant drain plug (Cylinder)
Exhaust pipe manifold holder nuts
Muffler body clamp bolts
Muffler body mounting bolts
Crankshaft sensor cover bolts
Clutch:
Clutch lever clamp bolts
Clutch cover bolts (L=32 mm)
Clutch cover bolts (L=45 mm)
Clutch cover bolts (L=30 mm)
Clutch cover bolts
Oil filler plug
Clutch spring bolts
Clutch hub nut
N·m
11
11
7
7
7
7
7
7
18
25
Torque
kgf·m
1.1
1.1
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
1.8
2.5
ft·lb
95 in·lb
95 in·lb
61 in·lb
61 in·lb
61 in·lb
61 in·lb
61 in·lb
61 in·lb
13
18
10
10
12
12
54
1.0
1.0
1.2
1.2
5.5
87 in·lb
87 in·lb
104 in·lb
104 in·lb
40
49
5.0
36
12
22
13
2.0
12
12
25
12
25
11
28
13
10
17
17
34
11
1.2
2.2
1.3
0.2
1.2
1.2
2.5
1.2
2.5
1.1
2.9
1.3
1.0
1.7
1.7
3.5
1.1
104 in·lb
16
113 in·lb
17 in·lb
104 in·lb
104 in·lb
18
104 in·lb
18
95 in·lb
21
113 in·lb
87 in·lb
12
12
25
95 in·lb
7.9
11
11
11
11
1.5
8.8
135
0.8
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
0.15
0.9
14
69 in·lb
95 in·lb
95 in·lb
95 in·lb
95 in·lb
13 in·lb
78 in·lb
100
Remarks
in/outlet
S, EO
(Washer)
S, EO
(Washer)
S
L
L
S
R
2-6 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Torque and Locking Agent
Fastener
Engine Lubrication:
Oil filler plug
Engine drain plug
Oil filter (cartridge type, P/No.16097–1070)
Oil filter (cartridge type, P/No.16097–0002)
Oil cooler mounting bolt
Oil pan bolts
Oil pipe holder bolts
Oil pressure relief valve
Oil pressure switch
Oil pressure switch terminal bolt
Water pump cover bolts
Impeller bolt
Coolant drain plug (water pump)
Water hose clamp screws
Oil passage plugs
Engine Removal/Installation:
Adjusting collar locknut
Engine mounting bolts and nuts
Front engine bracket bolts
Rear engine bracket bolts
Crankshaft/Transmission:
Breather plate bolts
Crankcase bolts (M9, L=81 mm)
Crankcase bolts (M9, L=95 mm)
Crankcase bolts (M8)
Crankcase bolts (M7)
Crankcase bolts (M6)
Starter motor clutch bolts
Oil pipe holder bolts
Shift drum bearing holder bolt
Shift drum bearing holder screw
Connecting rod big end nuts
Crankshaft position rotor bolt
Oil pressure switch
Oil pressure switch terminal bolt
Oil passage plugs
Crankshaft sensor cover bolts
Shift pedal mounting bolt
Gear positioning lever bolt
Shift shaft return spring pin
Shift drum cam holder bolt
Footpeg bracket bolts
Shift lever bolt
Tie-rod locknuts
Neutral switch
N·m
Torque
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1.5
20
26
31
76
11
13
15
15
1.5
11
10
11
2.0
20
0.15
2.0
2.7
3.2
7.8
1.1
1.3
1.5
1.5
0.15
1.1
1.0
1.1
0.2
2.0
13 in·lb
14.5
20
23
56
95 in·lb
113 in·lb
11
11
13 in·lb
95 in·lb
87 in·lb
95 in·lb
17 in·lb
14.5
49
44
44
25
5.0
4.5
4.5
2.5
36 in·lb
32
32
18
S
S
S
S
10
42
49
27
20
12
12
13
13
5.4
see the text
40
15
1.5
20
11
34
12
29
12
34
6.9
6.9
15
1.0
4.3
5.0
2.8
2.0
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3
0.55
←
4.0
1.5
0.15
2.0
1.1
3.5
1.2
3.0
1.2
3.5
0.7
0.7
1.5
87 in·lb
31
36
20
14.5
104 in·lb
104 in·lb
113 in·lb
113 in·lb
48 in·lb
←
29
11
13 in·lb
14.5
95 in·lb
25
104 in·lb
22
104 in·lb
25
61 in·lb
61 in·lb
11
L
MO,S
MO,S
S
S
S
L
L
L
L
←
R, EO
R, EO
EO
L
L
SS
L
SS
L
L
L
L
L
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-7
Torque and Locking Agent
Fastener
Wheels/Tires:
Front axle clamp bolt
Front axle
Rear axle nut
Final Drive:
Engine sprocket nut
Engine sprocket cover bolts
Engine sprocket cover damper bolt
Rear sprocket nuts
Speed sensor bolt
Brakes:
Bleed valves
Front brake hose joint bracket bolts
Brake hose banjo bolts
Brake lever pivot bolt
Brake lever pivot bolt locknut
Front brake reservoir cap screws
Front brake light switch screws
Front master cylinder clamp bolts
Pad pin bolts (Front caliper)
Caliper mounting bolts (Front)
Caliper assembly bolts (Front)
Front brake disc mounting bolts
Rear brake disc mounting bolts
Caliper mounting bolts (Rear)
Rear master cylinder mounting bolts
Rear master cylinder push rod locknut
Suspension:
Front fork clamp bolts (Upper)
Front fork clamp bolts (Upper): ZR1000–A2 ∼
Front fork clamp bolts (Lower)
Front fork clamp bolts (Lower): ZR1000–A2 ∼
Front fork top plugs
Piston rod nuts
Front fork bottom Allen bolts
Front axle clamp bolt
Rear shock absorber nuts (Upper and lower)
Swingarm pivot shaft nut
Swingarm pivot shaft locknut
Uni-trak
Rocker arm bolt
Tie-rod nuts
Steering:
Steering stem head bolt
Steering stem nut
Handlebar clamp bolts
N·m
Torque
kgf·m
ft·lb
34
127
127
3.5
13
13
25
94
94
127
9.8
6.9
59
6.9
13
1.0
0.7
6.0
0.7
94
87 in·lb
61 in·lb
43
61 in·lb
7.8
6.9
25
1.0
5.9
1.5
1.2
8.8
17
25
22
27
27
25
25
18
0.80
0.7
2.5
0.10
0.60
0.15
0.12
0.9
1.7
2.5
2.2
2.8
2.8
2.5
2.5
1.8
69 in·lb
61
18
9 in·lb
52 in·lb
13 in·lb
11 in·lb
78 in·lb
12
18
16
20
20
18
18
13
8.8
13
20
30
35
20
20
20
34
127
98
0.90
1.3
2.0
3.1
3.6
2.0
2.0
2.0
3.5
13
10
78 in·lb
113 in·lb
15
22
26
15
15
15
25
94
72
34
59
3.5
6.0
25
43
108
20
25
11
2.0
2.5
80
14.5
18
Remarks
MO
L
L
S
L
L
L
AL
AL
S
2-8 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Torque and Locking Agent
Fastener
Handlebar lower clamp nuts
Handlebar switch housing screws
Frame:
Footpeg holder bolts
Muffler mounting bolts
Side stand bolt
Side stand switch bolt
Windshield screws
Front fender bolts
Electrical System:
Spark plugs
Alternator rotor bolt
Stator coil bolts
Alternator lead holding plate bolt
Engine ground cable terminal bolt
Alternator cover bolts
Crankshaft sensor cover bolts
Crankshaft sensor bolts
Camshaft position sensor bolt
Timing rotor bolt
Starter motor mounting bolts
Switch housing screws
Radiator fan switch
Water temperature sensor
Oil pressure switch
Oil pressure switch terminal bolt
Neutral switch
Speed sensor bolt
Fuel level sensor bolts
Front brake light switch screw
Meter mounting screws
Tail/brake light mounting screws
License plate light mounting screws
Headlight mounting bolts
Starter lockout switch screw
Starter motor clutch bolts
Starter relay cable terminal bolts
Regulator/rectifier bolts
Regulator/rectifier bracket bolts
Speed sensor cover bolts
N·m
34
3.4
34
29
44
8.8
0.35 ∼ 0.50
Torque
kgf·m
3.5
0.35
ft·lb
25
30 in·lb
25
22
33
78 in·lb
3 ∼ 4 in·lb
3.9
3.5
3.0
4.5
0.9
0.035 ∼
0.050
0.4
13
110
11
11
9.8
11
11
5.9
12
39
11
3.4
18
25
15
1.5
15
6.9
6.9
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
5.9
12
3.9
6.9
6.9
6.9
1.3
11
1.1
1.1
1.0
1.1
1.1
0.6
1.2
4.0
1.1
0.35
1.8
2.5
1.5
0.15
1.5
0.7
0.7
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.6
1.2
0.4
0.7
0.7
0.7
115 in·lb
81
95 in·lb
95 in·lb
87 in·lb
95 in·lb
95 in·lb
53 in·lb
104 in·lb
29
95 in·lb
30 in·lb
13
18
11
13 in·lb
11
62 in·lb
62 in·lb
11 in·lb
11 in·lb
11 in·lb
11 in·lb
53 in·lb
104 in·lb
35 in·lb
62 in·lb
62 in·lb
62 in·lb
34.7 in·lb
Remarks
L
L
L
SS
SS
G
L
L
L
L
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-9
Specifications
Item
Fuel System:
Throttle grip free play
Idle speed
Bypass screws (turn out)
Engine vacuum
Air cleaner element
Cooling System:
Coolant:
Type (recommended)
Color
Mixed ratio
Freezing point
Total amount
Engine Top End:
Valve clearance
Inlet
Exhaust
Clutch:
Clutch lever free play
Engine Lubrication System:
Engine Oil:
Type
Viscosity
Capacity
Level
Standard
2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)
1 100 ± 50 r/min (rpm)
2 ± 1/4 (for reference)
32.7 ± 1.333 kPa (245 ± 10 mm Hg)
Paper filter
Service Limit
– – –
Permanent type of antifreeze
Green
Soft water 50%, Coolant 50%
– 35°C (– 31°F)
2.9 L (3.1 US qt)
0.15 ∼ 0.24 mm (0.0059 ∼ 0.0094 in.)
0.22 ∼ 0.31 mm (0.0087 ∼ 0.0122 in.)
2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)
– – –
API SE, SF or SG
API SH or SJ with JASO MA
SAE 10W-40
3.1 L
(3.3 US qt, when filter is not removed)
3.3 L
(3.5 US qt, when filter is removed)
3.8 L
(4.0 US qt, when engine is completely
disassembled and dry)
Between upper and lower level lines
(after idling or running)
Tires:
Tread depth:
Front
BRIDGESTONE
3.4 mm (0.13 in.)
1 mm (0.04 in.)
1.6 mm (0.063 in.)
(DE, AT, CH)
Rear
BRIDGESTONE
5.8 mm (0.23 in.)
Up to 130 km/h
(80 mph):
2 mm (0.08 in.)
Over 130 km/h
(80 mph):
3 mm (0.12 in.)
2-10 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Specifications
Item
Air pressure: (when cold)
Front
Rear
Final Drive:
Drive chain slack
Drive chain (20-link length)
Brakes:
Brake fluid:
Grade
Brake pad lining thickness:
Front
Rear
Brake light timing:
Front
Rear
Electrical System:
Spark plug gap
AT: Republic of Austria
CH: Swiss Confederation
DE: Federal Republic of Germany
Standard
Up to 180 kg (396 lb) load:
250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
Up to 180 kg (396 lb) load:
290 kPa (2.9 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
20 ∼ 30 mm (0.8 ∼ 1.2 in.)
317.5 ∼ 318.2 mm (12.50 ∼ 12.53 in.)
DOT4
4 mm (0.16 in.)
5 mm (0.20 in.)
Service Limit
– – –
– – –
– – –
323 mm (12.7 in.)
– – –
1 mm (0.04 in.)
1 mm (0.04 in.)
Pulled ON
ON after about 10 mm (0.39 in.) of pedal
travel
– – –
– – –
0.7 ∼ 0.8 mm (0.028 ∼ 0.031 mm)
– – –
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-11
Special Tools
Steering Stem Nut Wrench:
57001–1100
Pilot Screw Adjuster, C:
57001–1292
Jack:
57001–1238
Hand Tester:
57001–1394
Oil Filter Wrench:
57001–1249
Spark Plug Wrench (Owner’s Tool):
92110–1132
2-12 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Fuel System (DFI)
Fuel Hose and Connection Inspection
○The fuel hoses are designed to be used throughout the
motorcycle’s life without any maintenance, however, if the
motorcycle is not properly handled, the high pressure inside the fuel line can cause fuel to leak [A] or the hose
to burst. Remove the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI)
chapter) and check the fuel hoses.
Replace the hose if any fraying, cracks [B] or bulges [C]
are noticed.
that the hoses are routed according to Cable, Wire,
• Check
and Hose Routing section in the Appendix chapter.
Replace the hose if it has been sharply bent or kinked.
Hose Joints [A]
Pump Outlet Hose [B]
Pump Inlet Hose [C]
Front [D]
the pump outlet hose joint [A] straight onto the de• Insert
livery pipe [B] until the hose joint clicks [C].
Front [D]
and pull [A] the hose joint [B] back and forth more
• Push
than two times, and make sure it is locked and doesn’t
come off. When the hose joint is correctly installed, it
should slide on the delivery pipe about 5 mm (0.20 in.).
If it does not slide, reinstall the hose joint.
WARNING
Make sure the hose joint is installed correctly on the
delivery pipe by sliding the joint, or the fuel could
leak.
that the inlet hose [A] is onto the pipe fully and the
• Check
plate clamps [B] are installed beyond the raised rib [C].
1 ∼ 2 mm (0.039 ∼ 0.079 in.) [D]
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-13
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Throttle Control System Inspection
Throttle Grip Play Inspection
Check the throttle grip free play [A].
If the free play is incorrect, adjust the throttle cable (see
below).
•
Throttle Grip Free Play
Standard: 2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)
that the throttle grip moves smoothly from close to
• Check
full open, and the throttle closes quickly and completely
•
•
•
•
in all steering positions by the return spring.
If the throttle grip doesn’t return properly, check the throttle cable routing, grip free play, and cable damage. Then
lubricate the throttle cable.
Run the engine at the idle speed, and turn the handlebar
all the way to the right and left to ensure that the idle speed
doesn’t change.
If the idle speed increases, check the throttle grip free play
and the cable routing.
If necessary, adjust the throttle cable as follows.
Loosen the locknut [A] (right-front view).
Turn the adjuster [B] until the proper amount of free play
can be obtained.
Tighten [C] the locknut against the adjuster securely.
If the throttle grip free play cannot be adjusted with the
adjuster, use the adjusters in the middle of the throttle
cables.
Loosen the locknut, and screw the adjuster at the upper
end of the accelerator cable all the way in.
Tighten the locknut against the adjuster securely.
Remove the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
•
•
•
the locknuts [A], and turn the lower adjusters [B]
• Loosen
until the proper amount of throttle grip free play is ob•
tained.
Tighten the locknuts against the adjusters securely.
Front [C]
If the throttle grip free play cannot be adjusted with the
lower adjusters, use the adjuster at the upper end of the
cable again.
2-14 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Throttle Bore Cleaning
Check the throttle bore for cleanliness as follows:
○Remove the throttle body assy (see Fuel System (DFI)
chapter).
○Check the main throttle valves and throttle bores [A] for
carbon deposits by opening the main valves.
If any carbon accumulates, wipe the carbon off the throttle bores and throttle valves, using a cotton pad [B] penetrated with a high-flash point solvent. Be careful not to
remove molybdenum disulfide coat (black) [C] from the
throttle valves and the bores.
Front of Throttle Body [D]
•
CAUTION
Do not rub these surfaces hard and do not use a carburetor cleaning solution, which damage molybdenum disulfide coat; instead, use a high-flash point
cleaning solution and wipe slowly.
Idle Speed Inspection
the engine and warm it up thoroughly.
• Start
the engine idling, turn the handlebar to both sides.
• With
If handlebar movement changes the idle speed, the
throttle cables may be improperly adjusted or incorrectly
routed or damaged. Be sure to correct any of these
conditions before riding (see Cable, Wire, and Hose
Routing section in the Appendix chapter).
WARNING
Operation with improperly adjusted, incorrectly
routed or damaged cables could result in an unsafe
riding condition.
idle speed.
• Check
If the idle speed is out of the specified range, adjust it.
Idle Speed
Standard:
1 100 ± 50 r/min (rpm)
Idle Speed Adjustment
the engine and warm it up thoroughly.
• Start
the adjusting screw [A] until the idle speed is correct.
•○Turn
Open and close the throttle a few times to make sure that
the idle speed is within the specified range. Readjust if
necessary.
Front [B]
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-15
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Engine Vacuum Synchronization Inspection
NOTE
○These procedures are explained on the assumption that
the inlet and exhaust systems of the engine are in good
condition.
the motorcycle so that it is vertical.
• Situate
Remove
fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Pull off thethevacuum
hoses and the rubber cap (s) from the
• right fitting of each throttle
body.
Pull
off
the
vacuum
switch
valve
hose (thick) [A] from the
• air cleaner housing [B].
Front [C]
CAUTION
Do not remove the inlet air pressure sensor hoses
on the left fitting of each throttle body.
a commercially available vacuum gauge to these
• Connect
right fittings of the throttle body as shown.
a highly accurate tachometer to one of the stick
• Connect
coil primary leads.
• Plug:
Vacuum Switch Valve Hose (thick) and its Air Cleaner
Housing Hole
Vacuum Hoses of Throttle Assy (see the next figure)
A. Except California
D. Vacuum Switch Valve Hose (small)
G. Canister
B. California
E. Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Hose
H. Vacuum Gauge
C. Front
F. Separator
I. Plugs
2-16 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Install
Start
the
and warm it up thoroughly.
• Check theengine
idle
speed.
• Tachometer [A]
If the idle speed is out of the specified range, adjust it.
CAUTION
Do not measure the idle speed by the tachometer of
the meter unit.
While idling the engine, inspect the engine vacuum, using
the vacuum gauge [B].
Front [C]
Engine Vacuum
Standard: 32.7 ± 1.333 kPa (245 ± 10 mmHg) at Idle
Speed 1 100 ± 50 r/min (rpm)
If any vacuum is not within the specifications, first synchronize the #3 and #4 throttle valves to the #1 and #2
throttle valves by using the center adjusting screw [A].
Special Tool - Pilot Screw Adjuster, C: 57001–1292 [B]
Front [C]
Example:
#1: 165 mmHg
#2: 190 mmHg
#3: 170 mmHg
#4: 200 mmHg
With the engine at the correct idle speed, equalize the
highest vacuum of #3 and #4 (example 200 mmHg) to
the highest vacuum of #1 and #2 (example 190 mmHg)
by turning the center adjusting screw.
•
NOTE
○After adjustment, the final vacuum measurement between the highest throttle valves may not be 200 mmHg
(in this example). The goal is to have the highest two
vacuums between the left (1 and 2) and right (3 and 4)
banks be the same.
and close the throttle after each measurement and
• Open
adjust the idle speed as necessary.
the throttle valves have been synchronized, inspect
• Once
the main throttle sensor’s output voltage to ensure proper
operation (procedure is at the end of this section).
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-17
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
If any one vacuum measurement is out of the standard
measurement after synchronization, adjust the bypass
screws [A].
Front [B]
Special Tool - Pilot Screw Adjuster, C: 57001-1292
the lowest vacuum between #1 and #2 to the high• Adjust
est of #1 and #2.
the lowest vacuum between #3 and #4 to the high• Adjust
est of #3 and #4.
and close the throttle after each measurement and
• Open
adjust the idle speed as necessary.
the vacuums as before.
• Inspect
If all vacuums are within the specification, finish the engine vacuum synchronization.
If any vacuum cannot be adjusted within the specification,
remove the bypass screws #1 ∼ #4 and clean them.
○Turn in the bypass screw and count the number of turns
until it seats fully but not tightly. Record the number of
turns.
Torque - Bypass Screw: 0.2 N·m (0.02 kgf·m, 1.7 in·lb)
CAUTION
Do not over tighten them. They could be damaged,
requiring replacement.
○Remove the bypass screw [A], spring [B], washer [C] and
O-ring [D].
○Check the bypass screw and its hole for carbon deposits.
If any carbon accumulates, wipe the carbon off the bypass
screw and the hole, using a cotton pad penetrated with a
high-flash point solvent.
○Replace the O-ring with a new one.
○Check the tapered portion [E] of the bypass screw for
wear or damage.
If the bypass screw is worn or damaged, replace it.
Turn in the bypass screw until it seats fully but not tightly.
•
Torque - Bypass Screw: 0.2 N·m (0.02 kgf·m, 1.7 in·lb)
2-18 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
out the same number of turns counted when first
• Back
turned in. This is to set the screw to its original position.
NOTE
○A throttle body has different “turns out” of the bypass
screw for each individual unit. When setting the bypass
screw, use the “turns out” determined during disassembly. Use the specifications in this manual only if the original number is unknown.
the same procedure for other bypass screws.
• Repeat
Repeat
the synchronization.
• If the vacuums
are correct, check the output voltage of
the main throttle sensor (see Output Voltage Inspection of
Main Throttle Sensor in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
Main Throttle Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to ECU
Meter (+) → Y/W lead (terminal 2)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Standard:
0.99 ∼ 1.03 V DC (at idle throttle opening)
•
If the output voltage is out of the range, check the throttle
input voltage (see Input Voltage Inspection of Main Throttle Sensor in the Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
Remove the vacuum gauge hoses and install the vacuum
hoses and rubber caps on the original position as shown.
A. Except California
B. California
C. Front
D. Vacuum Switch Valve Hose (small)
E. Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Hose
F. Separator
G. Canister
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-19
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Air Cleaner Element Cleaning
NOTE
○In dusty areas, the element should be cleaned more
frequently than the recommended interval.
○After riding through rain or on muddily roads, the element should be cleaned immediately.
WARNING
If dirt or dust is allowed to pass through into the
throttle assy, the throttle may become stuck, possibly causing accident.
CAUTION
If dirt gets through into the engine, excessive engine wear and possibly engine damage will occur.
WARNING
Clean the element in a well-ventilated area, and take
care that there are no sparks or flame anywhere
near the working area; this includes any appliance
with a pilot light.
Because of the danger of highly flammable liquids,
do not use gasoline or a low flash-point solvent to
clean the element.
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
Remove
• Front [B]the fuel tank bracket [A].
• Remove:
Screw [A] and Air Cleaner Duct Holder [B]
Pull it out [C] backwards.
Front [D]
2-20 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the element by tapping it lightly to loosen dust.
• Clean
Blow
away
the remaining dust by applying compressed
• air [A] from the
outside to the inside (from the clean side
•
to the dirty side).
Visually inspect the element for no tears or no breaks and
inspect the sponge gaskets [B] also.
If the element or gasket has any tears or breaks, replace
the element.
the element [A] with the flat side [B], facing for• Install
wards.
the tongue [C] of the air cleaner duct holder into the
• Fit
slot of the housing the air cleaner duct holder.
Front [D]
Torque - Air Cleaner Duct Holder Screws: 3.8 N·m (0.39
kgf·m, 34 in·lb)
Evaporative Emission Control System Inspection
(CAL)
the canister as follows:
•○Inspect
Remove the rear seat (see Frame chapter).
○Remove the band [A] and hoses and take out the canister
[B].
○Visually inspect the canister for cracks and other damage.
If the canister has any cracks or bad damage, replace it
with a new one.
NOTE
○The canister is designed to work well through the motorcycle’s life without any maintenance if it is used under
normal conditions.
○Connect
the purge hose (green) [C] and the canister
breather hose (blue) [D] to the canister as shown.
○Install the canister with the inlet [E] down and the rear seat
(see Frame chapter).
Front [F]
the liquid/vapor separator as follows:
• Check
• Remove the left frame cover [A].
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-21
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
○Disconnect the hoses from the separator, and remove the
separator [A] from the motorcycle left side.
Front [B]
○Visually inspect the separator for cracks and other damage.
If the separator has any cracks or damage, replace it with
a new one.
○To prevent the gasoline from flowing into or out of the
canister, hold the separator perpendicular to the ground.
Check the hoses of the evaporative emission control system as follows:
○Check that the hoses are securely connected and clips
are beyond the raised rib of the pipe.
○Replace any kinked, deteriorated or damaged hoses.
○Route the hoses according to Cable, Wire, and Hose
Routing section in the Appendix chapter.
○When installing the hoses, avoid sharp bending, kinking,
flattening or twisting, and route these hoses with a minimum of bending so that the emission flow will not be obstructed.
•
Cooling System
Radiator Hose and Connection Inspection
○The
•
high pressure inside the radiator hose can cause
coolant to leak [A] or the hose to burst if the line is not
properly maintained. Visually inspect the hoses for signs
of deterioration. Squeeze the hoses. A hose should not
be hard and brittle, nor should it be soft or swollen.
Replace the hose if any fraying, cracks [B] or bulges [C]
are noticed.
Check that the hoses are securely connected and clamps
are tightened correctly.
Torque - Radiator Hose Clamp Screws: 2 N·m (0.2 kgf·m,
17 in·lb)
Coolant Change
WARNING
To avoid burns, do not remove the radiator cap or
try to change the coolant when the engine is still
hot. Wait until it cools down.
Coolant on tires will make them slippery, and can
cause an accident and injury.
Since coolant is harmful to the human body, do not
use for drinking.
a container under the water pump drain bolt [A],
• Place
then remove the drain bolt.
Front [B]
2-22 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
Remove
the radiator cap [A] in two steps. First turn the
• cap counterclockwise
to the first stop. Then push and turn
it further in the same direction and remove the cap.
○The coolant will drain from the radiator and engine.
Front [B]
:
• Remove
Left Side Cover (see Frame chapter)
•
•
Reserve Tank Screws [A]
Turn over [B] the reserve tank, remove the cap [C], and
pour the coolant into a suitable container.
Install the reserve tank.
Torque - Coolant Reserve Tank Screws: 7 N·m ( 0.7 kgf·m,
61 in·lb)
filling the coolant, choose a suitable mixture ratio
• When
by referring to the coolant manufacturer’s directions.
CAUTION
Soft or distilled water must be used with the antifreeze in the cooling system.
If hard water is used in the system, it causes scale
accumulation in the water passages, and considerably reduces the efficiency of the cooling system.
Water and Coolant Mixture Ratio (when shipping)
:
Soft Water
50 %
:
Coolant
50 %
Freezing Point :
− 35°C (− 31°F)
:
Total Amount
2.9 L (3.1 US qt)
• Tighten the drain bolt.
Torque - Water Pump Drain Bolt: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
• Fill the radiator up to the filler neck [A] with coolant.
NOTE
○Pour in the coolant slowly so that it can expel the air
from the engine and radiator.
• Check the cooling system for leaks.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-23
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the air bleeder bolt [A] on the thermostat housing.
• Loosen
Front [B]
the coolant into the radiator until the coolant
• Replenish
begins to flow out the air bleeder bolt hole (that is, all the
•
remaining air is forced out).
Tap the radiator hoses to force any air bubbles caught
inside.
the radiator up to the filler neck [A] with coolant.
• Fill
Tighten
the air bleeder bolt [B].
•
Torque - Thermostat Air Bleeder Bolt: 7.8 N·m (0.80 kgf·m,
69 in·lb)
the reserve tank up to the “F” (full) level line [A] with
• Fill
coolant and install the cap [B].
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Install
the engine and warm it up thoroughly until the radi• Start
ator fan turns on and then stop the engine.
the coolant level in the reserve tank several times
• Check
while the engine is cooling down, and replenish as necessary.
If the coolant level is lower than the “L” level line, add
coolant to the “F” level line.
CAUTION
Do not add more coolant above the “F” level line.
Engine Top End
Air Suction Valve Inspection
the air suction valve (see Air Suction Valve Re• Remove
moval in the 5. Engine Top End chapter).
inspect the reeds for cracks, folds, warps, heat
• Visually
damage or other damage.
•
•
•
If there is any doubt as to the condition of the reeds [A],
replace the air suction valve as an assembly.
Check the reed contact areas [B] of the valve holder for
grooves, scratches, any signs of separation from the
holder or heat damage.
If there is any doubt as to the condition of the reed contact
areas, replace the air suction valve as an assembly.
If any carbon or other foreign particles have accumulated
between the reed and the reed contact area, wash the
valve assembly clean with a high-flash point solvent.
CAUTION
Do not scrape off the deposits with a scraper as this
could damage the rubber, requiring replacement of
the suction valve assembly.
2-24 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Valve Clearance Inspection
NOTE
○Valve clearance must be checked and adjusted when
the engine is cold (at room temperature).
• Remove:
Lower Fairings (see Frame chapter)
Pickup Coil Cover
Cylinder Head Cover (see Cylinder Head Cover Removal)
the crankshaft at 1,4 piston TDC.
• Position
TDC Mark [A] for #1, 4 Pistons
Timing Mark [B]
a thickness gauge [A], measure the valve clearance
• Using
between the cam and the valve lifter.
Valve Clearance
Standard: IN: 0.15 ∼ 0.24 mm (0.0059 ∼ 0.0094 in.)
EX: 0.22 ∼ 0.31 mm (0.0087 ∼ 0.0122 in.)
○When
positioning #4 piston TDC at the end of the
compression stroke:
Inlet valve clearance of #2 and #4 cylinders
Exhaust valve clearance of #3 and #4 cylinders
Measuring Valve [A]
○When
positioning #1 piston TDC at the end of the
compression stroke:
Inlet valve clearance of #1 and #3 cylinders
Exhaust valve clearance of #1 and #2 cylinders
Measuring Valve [A]
If the valve clearance is not within the specified range,
first record the clearance, and then adjust it.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-25
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Valve Clearance Adjustment
change the valve clearance, remove the camshaft
• To
chain tensioner, camshafts and valve lifters. Replace the
shim with one of a different thickness.
NOTE
○Mark and record the valve lifter and shim locations so
they can be reinstalled in their original positions.
○If there is no clearance, select a shim which is several
sizes smaller and then measure the clearance.
select a new shim which brings the valve clearance
• To
within the specified range, refer to the Valve Clearance
•
•
•
Adjustment Charts.
Apply a thin coat of molybdenum disulfide grease to the
valve lifters.
Install the camshafts. Be sure to time the camshafts properly (see Camshaft Installation).
Remeasure any valve clearance that was adjusted.
Readjust if necessary.
CAUTION
Do not put shim stock under the shim. This may
cause the shim to pop out at high rpm, causing extensive engine damage.
Do not grind the shim. This may cause it to fracture,
causing extensive engine damage.
2-26 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT CHART INLET VALVE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Measure the clearance (when engine is cold).
Check present shim size.
Match clearance in vertical column with present shim size in horizontal column.
Install the shim specified where the lines intersect. This shim will give the proper clearance.
Example:
Present shim is 2.95 mm
Measured clearance is 0.45 mm
Replace 2.95 mm shim with 3.20 mm shim.
5. Remeasure the valve clearance and readjust if necessary.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-27
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
VALVE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT CHART EXHAUST VALVE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Measure the clearance (when engine is cold).
Check present shim size.
Match clearance in vertical column with present shim size in horizontal column.
Install the shim specified where the lines intersect. This shim will give the proper clearance.
Example:
Present shim is 2.95 mm.
Measured clearance is 0.47 mm.
Replace 2.95 mm shim with 3.15 mm shim.
5. Remeasure the valve clearance and readjust if necessary.
2-28 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Clutch
Clutch Adjust Inspection
the clutch lever just enough to take up the free play
• Pull
[A].
the gap between the lever and the lever holder.
• Measure
If the gap is too wide, the clutch may not release fully. If
the gap is too narrow, the clutch may not engage fully. In
either case, adjust it.
Clutch Lever Free Play
Standard: 2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)
WARNING
To avoid a serious burn, never touch the engine or
exhaust pipe during clutch adjustment.
the adjuster [A] so that 5 ∼ 6 mm (0.20 ∼ 0.24 in.) [B]
• ofTurnthreads
are visible.
the dust cover [A] at the clutch cable lower end out
• Slide
of place.
both adjusting nuts [B] at the clutch cover as far
• Loosen
as they will go.
the clutch outer cable [C] tight and tighten the adjust• Pull
ing nuts against the bracket [D].
the rubber dust cover back onto place.
• Slip
Turn
the adjuster at the clutch lever until the free play is
• correct.
the release lever [A] toward the front of the motor• Push
cycle until it becomes hard to turn.
○At this time, the release lever should have the proper an-
gle shown.
If the angle is wrong, check the clutch and release parts
for wear.
WARNING
Be sure that the outer cable end at the clutch lever
is fully seated in the adjuster at the clutch lever, or
it could slip into place later, creating enough cable
play to prevent clutch disengagement.
the adjustment, start the engine and check that the
• After
clutch does not slip and that it releases properly.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-29
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Engine Lubrication System
Engine Oil Change
the motorcycle so that it is vertical after warming
• Situate
up the engine.
the engine drain plug [A] to drain the oil.
•○Remove
The oil in the oil filter can be drained by removing the filter
•
(see Oil Filter Change).
Replace the drain plug gasket [B] with a new one if it is
damaged.
Tighten the drain plug.
Torque - Engine Drain Plug: 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 14.5 ft·lb)
• Pour in the specified type and amount of oil.
Engine Oil
Grade:
API SE, SF or SG
API SH or SJ with JASO MA
Viscosity: SAE 10W–40
Amount:
3.1 L (3.3 US qt) (when filter is not removed)
3.3 L (3.5 US qt) (when filter is removed)
3.8 L (4.0 US qt) (when engine is completely
dry)
NOTE
○Depending on the atmospheric temperature of your riding area, the engine oil viscosity should be changed according to the chart.
Oil Filter Change
the engine oil (see Engine Oil Change).
• Drain
• Remove:
Lower Fairing (see Frame chapter)
Remove
the oil filter [A] with the oil filter wrench [B].
•
Special Tool - Oil Filter Wrench: 57001–1249
the filter with a new one.
• Replace
engine oil to the gasket [A] before installation.
• Apply
Tighten
the filter with the oil filter wrench.
•
Torque - Oil Filter (P/No. 16097–1070): 27 N·m (2.8 kgf·m,
20 ft·lb)
Oil Filter (P/No. 16097–0002): 31 N·m (3.2 kgf·m,
23 ft·lb)
NOTE
○Hand tightening of the oil filter can not be allowed since
it does not reach to this tightening torque.
in the specified type and amount of oil (see Engine
• Pour
Oil Change).
2-30 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Wheels/Tires
Tire Inspection
As the tire tread wears down, the tire becomes more susceptible to puncture and failure. An accepted estimate is
that 90 % of all tire failures occur during the last 10 % of
tread life (90 % worn). So it is false economy and unsafe to
use the tires until they are bald.
Remove any imbedded stones or other foreign particles
from the tread.
Visually inspect the tire for cracks and cuts, replacing the
tire in case of damage. Swelling or high spots indicate
internal damage, requiring tire replacement.
Measure the tread depth at the center of the tread with a
depth gauge [A]. Since the tire may wear unevenly, take
measurement at several places.
If any measurement is less than the service limit, replace
the tire.
•
•
•
Tread Depth
Front:
Standard:
3.4 mm (0.13 in.)
Service Limit: 1 mm (0.04 in.)
1.6 mm (0.06 in.) (FG, AR, CH)
Rear:
Standard:
5.8 mm (0.23 in.)
Service Limit: 2 mm (0.08 in.)
(Up to 130 km/h (80 mph))
3 mm (0.12 in.)
(Over 130 km/h (80 mph))
WARNING
To ensure safe handling and stability, use only the
recommended standard tires for replacement, inflated to the standard pressure.
NOTE
○Most countries may have their own regulations a minimum tire tread depth: be sure to follow them.
○Check and balance the wheel when a tire is replaced
with a new one.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-31
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Air Pressure Inspection/Adjustment
the air valve cap.
• Remove
the tire air pressure with an air pressure gauge
• Measure
[A] when the tires are cold (that is, when the motorcycle
has not been ridden more than a mile during the past 3
hours).
Adjust the tire air pressure according to the specifications
if necessary.
Air Pressure (when cold)
Front
Rear
Up to 180 kg
(396 lb)
250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
290 kPa (2.9 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
the air valve cap certainly after air pressure inspec• Install
tion.
Torque - Air Valve Cap: 0.15 N·m (0.015 kgf·m, 1.3 in·lb)
Final Drive
Drive Chain Slack Inspection
NOTE
○Check the slack with the motorcycle setting on its side
stand.
○Clean the chain if it is dirty, and lubricate it if it appears
dry.
the wheel alignment (see Wheel Alignment Inspec• Check
tion).
the rear wheel to find the position where the chain
• Rotate
is tightest.
the vertical movement (chain slack) [A] midway
• Measure
between the sprockets.
If the chain slack exceeds the standard, adjust it.
Chain Slack
Standard:
20 ∼ 30 mm (0.8 ∼ 1.2 in.)
Drive Chain Slack Adjustment
the cotter pin [A], and loosen the axle nut [B].
• Remove
Loosen
the
chain adjuster locknuts [C].
• If the chain both
is too loose, turn out the left and right chain
•
adjuster [D] evenly.
If the chain is too tight, turn in the left and right chain
adjusters evenly, and kick the wheel forward.
Turn both chain adjusters evenly until the drive chain has
the correct amount of slack. To keep the chain and wheel
properly aligned, the notch [E] on the left wheel alignment
indicator [F] should align with the same swingarm mark or
position [G] that the right indicator notch aligns with.
WARNING
Misalignment of the wheel will result in abnormal
wear and may result in an unsafe riding condition.
2-32 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
both chain adjuster locknuts securely.
• Tighten
Tighten
the axle nut.
•
Torque - Rear Axle Nut: 127 N·m (13 kgf·m, 94 ft·lb)
the wheel, measure the chain slack again at the tight• Turn
est position, and readjust if necessary.
• Insert a new cotter pin [A].
NOTE
○When inserting the cotter pin, if the slots in the nut do
not align with the cotter pin hole in the axle, tighten the
nut clockwise [B] up to next alignment.
○It should be within 30 degree.
○Loosen once and tighten again when the slot goes past
the nearest hole.
• Bend the cotter pin [A] over the nut [B].
WARNING
If the rear axle nut is not securely tightened or the
cotter pin is not installed, an unsafe riding condition may result.
Wheel Alignment Inspection/Adjustment
that the notch [A] on the left alignment indicator [B]
• Check
aligns with the same swingarm mark or position [C] that
the right alignment indicator notch aligns with.
If they do not, adjust the chain slack and align the wheel
alignment (see Slack Adjustment).
○Wheel
NOTE
alignment can be also checked using the
straightedge or string method.
WARNING
Misalignment of the wheel will result in abnormal
wear, and may result in an unsafe riding condition.
Drive Chain Wear Inspection
• Remove:
Left Side Muffler Body (see Engine Top End chapter)
Chain Cover Screws [A]
Chain Cover [B]
Mud Guard [C] (see Frame chapter)
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-33
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the rear wheel to inspect the drive chain for dam• Rotate
aged rollers, and loose pins and links.
•
•
If there is any irregularity, replace the drive chain.
Lubricate the drive chain if it appears dry.
Stretch the chain taut by hanging a 98 N (10 kg, 20 lb)
weight [A] on the chain.
Measure the length of 20 links [B] on the straight part [C] of
the chain from the pin center of the 1st pin to the pin center
of the 21st pin. Since the chain may wear unevenly, take
measurements at several places.
If any measurements exceed the service limit, replace the
chain. Also, replace the front and rear sprockets when the
drive chain is replaced.
Drive Chain 20-link Length
Standard:
317.5 ∼ 318.2 mm (12.50 ∼ 12.53 in.)
Service Limit: 323 mm (12.7 in.)
WARNING
If the drive chain wear exceeds the service limit, replace the chain or an unsafe riding condition may
result. A chain that breaks or jumps off the sprockets could snag on the engine sprocket or lock the
rear wheel, severely damaging the motorcycle and
causing it to go out of control.
For safely, use only the standard chain. It is an endless type and should not be cut for installation.
Standard Chain
Make:
ENUMA
Type:
EK525MVXL2
Link:
112 Links
Drive Chain Lubrication
a special lubricant is not available, a heavy oil such as
• IfSAE
90 is preferred to a lighter oil because it will stay on
•
the chain longer and provide better lubrication.
If the chain appears especially dirty, clean it before lubrication.
CAUTION
The O-rings between the side plates seal in the lubricant between the pin and the bushing. To avoid
damaging the O-rings and resultant loss of lubricant, observe the following rules.
Use only kerosene or diesel oil for cleaning an O
-ring drive chain.
Any other cleaning solution such as gasoline
or trichloroethylene will cause deterioration and
swelling of the O-ring.
Immediately blow the chain dry with compressed air
after cleaning.
Complete cleaning and drying the chain within 10
minutes.
2-34 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
oil to the sides of the rollers so that oil will penetrate
• Apply
to the rollers and bushings. Apply the oil to the O-rings so
•
that the O-rings will be coated with oil.
Wipe off any excess oil.
Oil Applied Areas [A]
O-ring [B]
Brakes
Brake Pad Wear Inspection
the lining thickness [A] of the pads in each caliper.
• Check
If the lining thickness of either pad is less than the service
limit [B], replace both pads in the caliper as a set.
Pad Lining Thickness
Front
Standard:
Rear
Service Limit:
4 mm (0.16 in.)
5 mm (0.20 in.)
1 mm (0.04 in.)
Rear Brake Light Switch Inspection/Adjustment
on the ignition switch.
• Turn
Check
of the rear brake light switch by de• pressingthetheoperation
brake pedal. The brake light should go on
after about 10 mm (0.39 in.) of the pedal travel [A].
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-35
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
•
If it does not, adjust and inspect the brake light switch.
While holding the switch body, turn the adjusting nut [A]
to adjust the switch.
CAUTION
To avoid damaging the electrical connections inside the switch, be sure that the switch body does
not turn during adjustment.
the right side cover (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Disconnect
connector [A].
• Using a handthetester,
to see that only the connec• tion shown in the tableinspect
have continuity (about zero ohms).
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Rear Brake Light Switch Connections:
If the switch has an open or short, replace it with a new
one.
Caliper Fluid Seal Damage
The fluid seals [A] around the piston maintain the proper
pad/disc clearance. If the seals are not satisfactory, pad
wear will increase, and constant pad drag on the disc will
raise brake and brake fluid temperature.
Replace the fluid seals under any of the following conditions; (a) fluid leakage around the pad; (b) brakes overheat (c) there is a large difference in inner and outer pad
wear; (d) the seal is stuck to the piston.
If the fluid seal is replaced, replace the dust seal [B] as
well. Also, replace all seals every other time the pads are
changed.
•
Caliper Dust Seal/Friction Boot Damage
that the dust seals [B] and friction boot [C] are not
• Check
cracked, worn, swollen, or otherwise damaged.
they show any damage, remove the caliper bracket and
• Ifreplace
them.
2-36 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Master Cylinder Inspection (Visual Inspection)
the front and rear master cylinders.
• Disassemble
there
are no scratches, rust or pitting on the
that
• Check
inner wall [A] of each master cylinder and on the outside
•
of each piston [B].
If a master cylinder or piston shows any damage, replace
them.
Inspect the primary cup [C] and secondary cup [D].
If a cup is worn, damaged softened (rotted), or swollen,
the piston assembly should be replaced to renew the
cups.
If fluid leakage is noted at the brake lever, the piston assembly should be replaced to renew the cups.
Front Master Cylinder [J]
the dust covers [E] for damage.
• Check
If they are damaged, replace them.
the piston return springs [F] for any damage.
• Check
If the springs are damaged, replace them.
that relief port [G] and supply port [H] are not
• Check
plugged.
If the relief port becomes plugged, the brake pads will
drag on the disc. Blow the ports clean with compressed
air.
Rear Master Cylinder [K]
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-37
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Level Inspection
that the brake fluid level in the front brake reservoir
• Check
[A] is above the lower level line [B].
NOTE
○Hold the reservoir horizontal by turning the handlebar
when checking brake fluid level.
If the fluid level is lower than the lower level line, fill the
reservoir to the upper level line [C] in the reservoir.
that the brake fluid level in the rear brake reservoir
• Check
[A] is above the lower level line [B].
If the fluid level is lower than the lower level line, remove
the seats and fill the reservoir to the upper level line [C].
WARNING
Do not mix two brands of fluid. Change the brake
fluid in the brake line completely if the brake fluid
must be refilled but the type and brand of the brake
fluid that is already in the reservoir are unidentified.
After changing the fluid, use only the same type and
brand of fluid thereafter.
Recommended Disc Brake Fluid
Grade: DOT4
the procedure below to install the rear brake fluid
• Follow
reservoir cap correctly.
○First, tighten the rear brake fluid reservoir cap [B] clockwise [C] by hand until the resistance is felt fully; then,
tighten the cap an additional 1/6 turn [D] while holding the
brake fluid reservoir [A] body.
Brake Fluid Change
NOTE
○The procedure to change the front brake fluid is as follows. Changing the rear brake fluid is the same as for
the front brake.
2-38 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the brake fluid reservoir.
• Level
Remove
reservoir cap and diaphragm.
• Remove the
the
• caliper. rubber cap from the bleed valve [A] on the
a clear plastic hose [B] to the bleed valve, and run
• Attach
the other end of the hose into a container.
• Fill the reservoir with fresh specified brake fluid.
the brake fluid:
•○Change
Repeat this operation until fresh brake fluid comes out
from the plastic hose or the color of the fluid changes.
1. Open the bleed valve [A].
2. Apply the brake and hold it [B].
3. Close the bleed valve [C].
4. Release the brake [D].
NOTE
○The fluid level must be checked often during the chang-
ing operation and replenished with fresh brake fluid. If
the fluid in the reservoir runs out any time during the
changing operation, the brakes will need to be bled
since air will have entered the brake line.
○Front Brake: Repeat the above steps for the other
caliper.
○Rear Brake: Repeat the above steps for the other bleed
valve.
the clear plastic hose.
• Remove
Install
the
• Tighten: reservoir cap.
•
Torque - Front Reservoir Cap Screw: 1.5 N·m (0.15 kgf·m,
13 in·lb)
the procedure below to install the rear brake fluid
• Follow
reservoir cap correctly.
○First, tighten the rear brake fluid reservoir cap [B] clock-
wise [C] by hand until the resistance is felt fully; then,
tighten the cap an additional 1/6 turn [D] while holding the
brake fluid reservoir [A] body.
• Tighten the bleed valve, and install the rubber cap.
Torque - Bleed Valve: 7.8 N·m (0.80 kgf·m, 69 in·lb)
changing the fluid, check the brake for good braking
• After
power, no brake drag, and no fluid leakage.
If necessary, bleed the air from the lines.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-39
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Brake Line Bleeding
The brake fluid has a very low compression coefficient so
that almost all the movement of the brake lever or pedal
is transmitted directly to the caliper for braking action. Air,
however, is easily compressed. When air enters the brake
lines, brake lever or pedal movement will be partially used
in compressing the air. This will make the lever or pedal feel
spongy, and there will be a loss in braking power.
WARNING
Be sure to bleed the air from the brake line whenever brake lever or pedal action feels soft or
spongy after the brake fluid is changed, or whenever a brake line fitting has been loosened for any
reason.
NOTE
○The procedure to bleed the front brake line is as follows.
Bleeding the rear brake line is the same as for the front
brake.
the reservoir cap and diaphragm.
• Remove
the reservoir with fresh brake fluid to the upper level
• Fill
line in the reservoir.
the reservoir cap off, slowly pump the brake lever
• With
several times until no air bubbles can be seen rising up
through the fluid from the holes at the bottom of the reservoir.
○Bleed the air completely from the master cylinder by this
operation.
Remove the rubber cap from the bleed valve on the
caliper.
Attach a clear plastic hose to the bleed valve, and run the
other end of the hose into a container.
•
•
2-40 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the brake line and the caliper:
•○Bleed
Repeat this operation until no more air can be seen com-
ing out into the plastic hose.
1. Pump the brake lever until it becomes hard, and apply
the brake and hold it [A].
2. Quickly open and close [B] the bleed valve while holding the brake applied.
3. Release the brake [C].
NOTE
○The fluid level must be checked often during the bleed-
ing operation and replenished with fresh brake fluid as
necessary. If the fluid in the reservoir runs completely
out any time during bleeding, the bleeding operation
must be done over again from the beginning since air
will have entered the line.
○Tap the brake hose lightly from the caliper to the reservoir for more complete bleeding.
○Front Brake: Repeat the above steps for the other
caliper.
the clear plastic hose.
• Remove
Install
the
• Tighten: reservoir cap.
•
Torque - Front Reservoir Cap Screw: 1.5 N·m (0.15 kgf·m,
13 in·lb)
the procedure below to install the rear brake fluid
• Follow
reservoir cap correctly.
○First, tighten the rear brake fluid reservoir cap [B] clock-
wise [C] by hand until the resistance is felt fully; then,
tighten the cap an additional 1/6 turn [D] while holding the
brake fluid reservoir [A] body.
• Tighten the bleed valve, and install the rubber cap.
Torque - Bleed Valve: 7.8 N·m (0.80 kgf·m, 69 in·lb)
the fluid level.
• Check
After
bleeding
done, check the brake for good braking
• power, no brakeis drag,
and no fluid leakage.
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-41
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
WARNING
When working with the disc brake, observe the precautions listed below.
1. Never reuse old brake fluid.
2. Do not use fluid from a container that has been left
unsealed or that has been open for a long time.
3. Do not mix two types and brands of fluid for use in
the brake. This lowers the brake fluid boiling point
and could cause the brake to be ineffective. It may
also cause the rubber brake parts to deteriorate.
4. Don’t leave the reservoir cap off for any length of
time to avoid moisture contamination of the fluid.
5. Don’t change the fluid in the rain or when a strong
wind is blowing.
6. Except for the disc pads and disc, use only disc
brake fluid, isopropyl alcohol, or ethyl alcohol for
cleaning of the brake parts. Do not use any other
fluid for cleaning these parts. Gasoline, engine oil,
or any other petroleum distillate will cause deterioration of the rubber parts. Oil spilled on any part will
be difficult to wash off completely and will eventually
deteriorate the rubber used in the disc brake.
7. When handling the disc pads or disc, be careful that
no disc brake fluid or any oil gets on them. Clean off
any fluid or oil that inadvertently gets on the pads or
disc with a high-flash point solvent. Do not use one
which will leave an oily residue. Replace the pads
with new ones if they cannot be cleaned satisfactorily.
8. Brake fluid quickly ruins painted surfaces; any
spilled fluid should be completely wiped up immediately.
9. If any of the brake line fittings or the bleed valve is
opened at any time, the AIR MUST BE BLED FROM
THE BRAKE LINE.
Brake Hoses and Connections Inspection
the brake hose and
• Inspect
cracks and signs of leakage.
fittings for deterioration,
○The high pressure inside the brake line can cause fluid to
leak [A] or the hose to burst if the line is not properly maintained. Bend and twist the rubber hose while examining
it.
Replace the hose if any cracks [B] or bulges [C] are noticed.
Tighten any loose fittings.
2-42 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Suspension
Front Fork Oil Leak Check
inspect the front forks [A] for oil leakage, scoring
• Visually
or scratches on the outer surface of the inner tubes.
Replace or repair any defective parts, if necessary.
Rear Shock Absorber Oil Leak Check
inspect the shock absorbers [A] for oil leakage.
• Visually
If the oil leakage is found on it, replace the shock absorber
with a new one.
Swingarm Pivot Lubrication
grease nipple [A] is equipped for the lubrication of
• The
swingarm bearing. Force grease into the nipple until the
grease comes out from right side of the swingarm pivot,
and wipe off any excess of it.
Uni-trak Linkage Lubrication
In order for the tie-rod and rocker arm to function safely
and wear slowly, it should be lubricated in accordance with
the Periodic Maintenance Chart.
For the rocker arm and tie-rod needle bearings, there are
grease nipples [A] on the rocker arm and swingarm for
lubrication. Force grease into the nipples until it comes
out at both sides of the rocker arm and tie-rod, and wipe
off any excess.
•
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-43
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Steering
Steering Inspection
• Lift the front wheel off the ground using the jack.
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
the front wheel pointing straight ahead, alternately
• With
tap each end of the handlebar. The front wheel should
•
swing fully left and right from the force of gravity until the
fork hits the stop.
If the wheel binds or catches before the stop, the steering
is too tight.
Feel for steering looseness by pushing and pulling the
forks.
If you feel looseness, the steering is too loose.
NOTE
○The cables and wiring will have some effect on the motion of the fork which must be taken into account.
○Be sure the wires and cables are properly routed.
○The bearings must be in good condition and properly
lubricated in order for any test to be valid.
Steering Adjustment
•
Adjust the steering, if necessary.
Remove:
Windshield and Bracket (see Frame chapter)
Inner Cover (see Frame chapter)
Fairing and Bracket (see Frame chapter)
Handlebar (see Steering chapter)
Loosen the upper fork clamp bolts [A] on both side.
Remove the steering stem head bolt plug and the stem
head bolt [B].
Remove the steering stem head [C].
•
•
•
the claw washer tabs [A].
• Bend
Remove
• [C]. the steering stem locknut [B] and claw washer
2-44 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
• Adjust the steering.
Special Tool - Steering Stem Nut Wrench: 57001–1100 [B]
If the steering is too tight, loosen the stem nut [A] a fraction
of a turn.
If the steering is too loose, tighten the stem nut a fraction
of a turn.
NOTE
○Turn the stem nut 1/8 turn at time maximum.
the claw washer [A] so that its bent side [B] faces
• Install
upward, and engage the bent claws with the grooves of
•
•
stem locknut [C].
Hand tighten the stem locknut until it touches the claw
washer.
Tighten the stem locknut clockwise until the claws are
aligned with the grooves (ranging from 2nd to 4th) of stem
nut [D], and bend the 2 claws downward [E].
• Tighten:
Torque - Steering Stem Head Bolt:
108 N·m (11 kgf·m, 80 ft·lb)
Front Fork Clamp Bolts (Upper):
8.8 N·m (0.90 kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m, 113 in·lb) ZR1000–A2 ∼
the steering again.
• Check
If the steering is still too tight or too loose, repeat the adjustment.
Stem Bearing Lubrication
the steering stem.
• Remove
Using
a
flash-point solvent, wash the upper and
• lower ballhigh
bearings in the cages, and wipe the upper and
•
•
•
lower outer races, which are press-fitted into the frame
head pipe, clean off grease and dirt.
Visually check the outer races and the ball bearings.
Replace the bearing assemblies if they show wear or
damage.
Pack the upper and lower ball bearings [A] in the cages
with grease, and apply a light coat of grease to the upper
and lower outer races.
Install the steering stem, and adjust the steering.
Electrical System
Spark Plug Cleaning and Inspection
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-45
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the thermostat bracket bolt [A].
•○Unscrew
If removing the spark plug #2 or #3.
• Disconnect:
Stick Coil Connectors [A]
Pull
the stick coil #1 [B].
• Takeout
out the camshaft position sensor connector [C] from
• the bracket.
• Pull out the stick coil #2 [D].
CAUTION
Do not pry the connector part of the coil while removing the coil.
the stick coil subharness connector [A] from the
• Remove
bracket.
• Remove:
Stick Coil Connector #4 [B] (disconnect)
Stick Coil #4 [C]
Stick Coil Connector #3 [D] (disconnect)
• Disconnect:
Water Temperature Sensor Connector [A]
•
Left Switch Housing Connector [B]
Pull the main harness [C] upward and remove the stick
coil #3 [D].
the spark plugs using the 16 mm plug wrench
• Remove
[A].
Owner’s Tool - Spark Plug Wrench, 16 mm: 92110–1132
2-46 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
the spark plug, preferably in a sandblasting device,
• Clean
and then clean off any abrasive particles. The plug may
•
also be cleaned using a high-flash point solvent and a wire
brush or other tool.
If the spark plug center electrode [A] and/or side electrode [B] are corroded or damaged, or if the insulator [C]
is cracked, replace the plug. Use the standard spark plug
or its equivalent.
Measure the gaps [D] with a wire-type thickness gauge.
If the gap is incorrect, carefully bend the side electrode
with a tool to obtain the correct gap.
Spark Plug Gap:
0.7 ∼ 0.8 mm (0.028 ∼ 0.031 in.)
the spark plug vertically into the plug hole with the
• Insert
spark plug installed in the plug wrench [A].
Owner’s Tool - Spark Plug Wrench, 16 mm: 92110–1132
• Tighten:
Torque - Spark Plugs: 13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m, 113 in·lb)
the coils as shown being careful of the coil head [A]
• Insert
direction.
○Fit the coils securely.
CAUTION
Do not tap the coil head while installing the coil.
○Be sure the stick coils are installed by pulling up [B] it
•
•
lightly.
Connect and/or install the connectors.
Install:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Thermostat Bracket Bolt (see Cooling System chapter)
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE 2-47
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
General Lubrication
Lubrication
lubricating each part, clean off any rusty spots with
• Before
rust remover and wipe off any grease, oil, dirt, or grime.
• Lubricate the points listed below with indicated lubricant.
○Whenever
NOTE
the vehicle has been operated under
wet or rainy conditions, or especially after using a
high-pressure water spray, perform the general lubrication.
Pivots: Lubricate with Motor Oil
Rear Brake Rod Joint
Points: Lubricate with Grease
Throttle and Choke Inner Cable Upper Ends [A]
Clutch Lever Pivot
Brake Lever Pivot (Apply silicone grease)
Brake Pedal Pivot
Side Stand
Tie-Rod Pivots
Rocker Arm Pivots
Swingarm Pivot
Cables: Lubricate with Cable Lubricant
Choke Cable
Throttle Cables
Clutch Cable
Lubricate the cables by seeping the oil between the cable
and housing.
○The cable may be lubricated by using a commercially
available pressure cable lubricator with an aerosol cable
lubricant.
•
the cable disconnected at both ends, the cable
• With
should move freely [A] within the cable housing.
If cable movement is not free after lubricating, if the cable
is frayed [B] or if the cable housing is kinked [C], replace
the cable.
2-48 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Periodic Maintenance Procedures
Nut, Bolt, and Fastener Tightness
Tightness Inspection
the tightness of the bolts and nuts listed here. Also,
• Check
check to see that each cotter pin is in place and in good
condition.
NOTE
○For the engine fasteners, check the tightness of them
when the engine is cold (at room temperature).
If there are loose fasteners, retighten them to the specified torque, following the specified tightening sequence.
Refer to the appropriate chapter for torque specifications.
If torque specifications are not in the appropriate chapter,
see the Standard Torque Table in this section. For each
fastener, first loosen it by 1/2 turn, then tighten it.
If cotter pins are damaged, replace them with new ones.
Nut, Bolt and Fastener to be checked
Wheels:
Front Axle
Front Axle Clamp Bolts
Rear Axle Nut
Rear Axle Nut Cotter Pin
Brakes:
Front Master Cylinder Clamp Bolts
Caliper Mounting Bolts
Rear Master Cylinder Mounting Bolts
Brake Lever Pivot Nut
Brake Pedal Bolt
Brake Rod Joint Cotter Pin
Suspension:
Front Fork Clamp Bolts
Front Fender Mounting Bolt
Rear Shock Absorber Mounting Nuts
Swingarm Pivot Shaft Nut
Swingarm Pivot Shaft Lock Nut
Uni-Trak Link Nuts
Steering:
Stem Head Nut
Handlebar Clamp Bolts
Engine:
Throttle Cable Adjuster Locknuts
Engine Mounting Bolts and Nuts
Downtube Bolts
Muffler Mounting Bolts
Exhaust Pipe Holder Nuts
Muffler Connecting Clamp Bolt
Clutch Lever Pivot Nut
Radiator Upper and Lower Bolts
Others:
Sidestand Bolt
Footpeg Stay Bolts
Rear Frame Mounting Bolts
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-1
Fuel System (DFI)
Table of Contents
Exploded View...................................
DFI Parts Location.............................
DFI Wiring Diagram ...........................
Specifications ....................................
Special Tools .....................................
DFI Servicing Precautions .................
Troubleshooting the DFI System .......
Outline ............................................
Inquiries to Rider.............................
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide ..
Self-Diagnosis ...................................
Self-diagnosis Outline.....................
Self-diagnosis Procedures..............
Service Code Clearing Procedures
How to Read Service Codes...........
How to Erase Service Codes..........
Service Code Table.........................
Backups ..........................................
Main Throttle Sensor (Service Code
11)...................................................
Main Throttle Sensor
Removal/Adjustment .................
Input Voltage Inspection...............
Output Voltage Inspection............
Resistance Inspection..................
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor (Service
Code 12) .........................................
Removal.......................................
Installation....................................
Input Voltage Inspection...............
Output Voltage Inspection............
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor (Service
Code 13) .........................................
Removal/Installation.....................
Output Voltage Inspection............
Sensor Resistance Inspection .....
Water Temperature Sensor (Service
Code 14) .........................................
Removal/Installation.....................
Output Voltage Inspection............
Sensor Resistance Inspection .....
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor
(Service Code 15)...........................
Removal.......................................
Input Voltage Inspection...............
Output Voltage Inspection............
3-3
3-8
3-10
3-12
3-14
3-15
3-17
3-17
3-21
3-24
3-33
3-33
3-33
3-34
3-36
3-36
3-37
3-38
3-40
3-40
3-40
3-41
3-42
3-43
3-43
3-43
3-43
3-44
3-48
3-48
3-48
3-49
3-50
3-50
3-50
3-51
3-52
3-52
3-52
3-53
Crankshaft Sensor (Service Code
21)...................................................
Crankshaft Sensor
Removal/Installation..................
Crankshaft Sensor Inspection......
Camshaft Position Sensor (Service
Code 23) .........................................
Camshaft Position Sensor
Removal/Installation..................
Camshaft Position Sensor
Inspection..................................
Speed Sensor (Service Code 24, 25)
Speed Sensor
Removal/Installation..................
Speed Sensor Inspection.............
Input Voltage Inspection...............
Output Voltage Inspection............
Vehicle-down Sensor (Service Code
31)...................................................
Removal.......................................
Installation....................................
Inspection.....................................
Subthrottle Sensor (Service Code
32)...................................................
Subthrottle Sensor
Removal/Adjustment .................
Input Voltage Inspection...............
Output Voltage Inspection............
Resistance Inspection..................
Stick Coils (#1, #2, #3, #4: Service
Code 51, 52, 53, 54) .......................
Removal/Installation.....................
Input Voltage Inspection...............
Subthrottle Valve Actuator (Service
Code 62) .........................................
Subthrottle Valve Actuator
Removal ....................................
Audible Inspection........................
Visual Inspection..........................
Resistance Inspection..................
Input Voltage Inspection...............
FI Indicator LED Light........................
LED Light Inspection....................
ECU ...................................................
ECU Identification ........................
ECU Removal ..............................
3
3-55
3-55
3-55
3-56
3-56
3-56
3-57
3-57
3-57
3-57
3-57
3-59
3-59
3-59
3-59
3-62
3-62
3-62
3-63
3-64
3-65
3-65
3-65
3-67
3-67
3-67
3-67
3-67
3-68
3-69
3-70
3-71
3-71
3-71
3-2 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
ECU Installation ...........................
ECU Power Supply Inspection.....
DFI Power Source .............................
ECU Fuse Removal .....................
ECU Fuse Installation ..................
ECU Fuse Inspection ...................
ECU Main Relay Removal ...........
ECU Main Relay Inspection .........
Fuel Line............................................
Fuel Pressure Inspection .............
Fuel Flow Rate Inspection ...........
Fuel Pump .........................................
Fuel Pump Removal ....................
Fuel Pump Installation .................
Operation Inspection....................
Operating Voltage Inspection.......
Pressure Regulator Removal.......
Pump Screen, Fuel Filter
Cleaning ....................................
Fuel Pump Relay Removal ..........
Fuel Pump Relay Inspection ........
Fuel Injectors .....................................
Removal/Installation.....................
Audible Inspection........................
Power Source Voltage Inspection
Output Voltage Inspection............
Injector Signal Test.......................
Injector Resistance Inspection .....
Injector Unit Test ..........................
Injector Fuel Line Inspection ........
Throttle Grip and Cables ...................
Throttle Grip Play
Inspection/Adjustment...............
3-71
3-72
3-74
3-74
3-74
3-74
3-74
3-74
3-75
3-75
3-76
3-78
3-78
3-78
3-79
3-79
3-80
3-80
3-81
3-81
3-82
3-82
3-82
3-82
3-83
3-84
3-85
3-85
3-85
3-88
3-88
Choke Lever Operation................
Choke Lever Play Inspection .......
Choke Lever Play Adjustment......
Cable Removal/Installation ..........
Cable Lubrication and Inspection.
Throttle Body Assy ............................
Idle Speed Inspection/Adjustment
Throttle Bore Cleaning .................
Engine Vacuum Synchronization
Inspection/Adjustment...............
High Altitude Performance
Adjustment ................................
Throttle Body Assy Removal........
Throttle Body Assy Installation.....
Throttle Body Assy Disassembly .
Throttle Body Assy Assembly ......
Air Cleaner.........................................
Element Removal/Installation ......
Air Cleaner Oil Draining ...............
Air Cleaner Housing Removal......
Fuel Tank ...........................................
Fuel Tank Removal ......................
Fuel Tank Installation ...................
Fuel Tank and Cap Inspection .....
Fuel Tank Cleaning ......................
Evaporative Emission Control
System............................................
Parts Removal/Installation ...........
Canister Installation .....................
Hose Inspection ...........................
Separator Inspection....................
Separator Operation Test.............
3-88
3-88
3-88
3-88
3-88
3-89
3-89
3-89
3-89
3-89
3-89
3-91
3-92
3-93
3-94
3-94
3-94
3-94
3-95
3-95
3-97
3-98
3-98
3-99
3-99
3-99
3-99
3-99
3-100
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-3
Exploded View
Clifornia Evaporative Emission Control System
1. Canister
2. Separator
3. Right fitting of throttle body #2
4. Right fitting of throttle body #3
5. Canister purge hose (green)
6. Fuel return hose (left, red)
7. Fuel tank breather hose (right, blue)
8. Separator breather hose (blue)
9. Separator vacuum hose (white)
3-4 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Exploded View
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Throttle cable plate bolt
6
0.6
52 in·lb
2
Throttle body cover bolts
7
0.7
61 in·lb
3
Throttle assy holder clamp bolts
2
0.2
17 in·lb
4
Choke link holder screws
2.1
0.21
18 in·lb
5
Delivery pipe screws
3.4
0.35
30 in·lb
6
Bypass screws
0.2
0.02
1.7 in·lb
7
Fuel pump bolts
9.8
1.0
87 in·lb
8
Fuel level sensor bolts
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
9. FI indicator LED light
10. Meter unit
11. Throttle cable (accelerator)
12. Throttle cable (decelerator)
13. Choke cable
14. Injector connectors
15. Main throttle sensor connector (grey)
16. Subthrottle sensor connector (black)
17. Subthrottle valve actuator connector
18. Throttle body assy connector
19. Main throttle sensor
20. Subthrottle sensor
21. Injectors
22. Center adjusting screw
CL: Apply cable lubricant.
EO: Apply engine oil to the seals and O-rings.
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
R: Replacement Parts.
S: Follow the specified tightening sequence.
Remarks
S, L
3-6 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Exploded View
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-7
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Inlet air pressure sensor bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
2
Water temperature sensor
25
2.5
18
3
Vehicle downsensor bolts
2
0.2
17 in·lb
4
Camshaft position sensor bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
5
Camshaft position sensor rotor bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
6
Air cleaner duct holder screws
3.8
0.39
34 in·lb
7
Air cleaner housing mounting bolts
9.8
1.0
87 in·lb
8
Air cleaner duct clamp bolts
2
0.2
17 in·lb
9
Air cleaner housing screws
1.2
0.12
10 in·lb
10 Air cleaner housing tapping screws
1.2
0.12
10 in·lb
11 Speed sensor bolt
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
12. Inlet air pressure sensor
13. Stick coils (see Electrical System chapter)
14. ECU
15. Fuel pump relay
16. ECU main relay
17. Atmospheric pressure sensor
18. Crankshaft sensor (see Electrical System chapter)
19. Inlet air temperature sensor
20. Vacuum switch valve (see Engine Top End chapter)
21. Air suction valves
22. Grommet
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
Remarks
L
L
3-8 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI Parts Location
DFI: DFI Parts (this chapter)
F: Front
1. Water temperature
Sensor (DFI)
2. Inlet Air Pressure
Sensor (DFI)
3. Injectors (DFI)
4. Fuel Pump (DFI)
5. Inlet Air Temperature
Sensor (DFI)
6. Sealed Battery
7. Junction Box
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
ECU Fuse 15A
ECU (DFI)
Stick Coils
Throttle Body Assy
Self-diagnosis Terminal
Neutral Switch
Vehicle Down Sensor (DFI)
Atmospheric Pressure
Sensor (DFI)
16. Delivery Pipe
17. ECU Main Relay
18. Fuel Pump Relay (DFI)
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25
26
27
28
29
Turn Signal Relay
Subthrottle Sensor (DFI)
Main Throttle Sensor (DFI)
Ignition Switch
FI Indicator LED Light (DFI)
Crankshaft Sensor
Camshaft Position Sensor
Fuel Pump Screen
Return Fuel Check Valve
Pressure Regulator
Fuel Filter
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-9
DFI Parts Location
[1], [2], [10], [13], [22] and [24] are not included.
3-10 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI Wiring Diagram
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-11
DFI Wiring Diagram
Terminal Names
1. Power Supply to Sensors (inlet air pressure, atmospheric pressure, and throttle
sensors) from ECU.
2. Main Throttle Sensor Signal
3. Subthrottle Sensor Signal for ECU
4. Atmospheric Pressure Sensor Signal
5. Water Temperature Sensor Signal (+)
6.7.8.–
9. Camshaft Position Sensor Signal (+)
10. –
11. Crankshaft Sensor Signal (+)
12. –
13. Power Supply to ECU, Injectors, and Fuel
Pump
14. Sensor Ground (inlet air temperature,
water temperature, inlet air pressure, atmospheric pressure, vehicle-down, and
throttle sensors)
15. –
16. Vehicle-down Sensor Signal
17. Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Signal
18. Inlet Air Temperature Sensor Signal (+)
19. –
20. Speed Sensor Signal
21. –
22. Camshaft Position Sensor Signal (–)
23. –
24. Crankshaft Sensor (–)
25. –
Part Name
A. ECU (Electronic Control Unit)
B. Crankshaft Sensor
C. Inlet Air Pressure Sensor
D. Water Temperature Sensor
E. Atmospheric Pressure Sensor
F. Inlet Air Temperature Sensor
G. Camshaft Position Sensor
H. Speed Sensor
I. Main Throttle Sensor
J. Subthrottle Sensor
K. Injectors #1, #2, #3, #4
L. Subthrottle Valve Actuator
M. Stick Coils #1, #2, #3, #4
N. Engine Stop Switch
O. Joint Connector D
P. see Electrical System chapter
Q. Ground Terminal
R. Ground Terminal
S. ECU Main Relay
26. ECU Power Source Circuit Ground to Battery (–) Terminal
27. Engine Stop Switch Signal
28. Starter Lockout Switch Signal
29. Electric Starter Button Signal
30. Signal For Fuel Pump Relay
31. Subthrottle Valve Actuator Drive Signal
32. Subthrottle Valve Actuator Drive Signal
33. –
34. Tachometer Signal
35. Injector #2 Signal
36. Injector #1 Signal
37. Stick Coil #3 Signal
38. Stick Coil #2 Signal
39. Stick Coil #1 Signal
40. Interlock Circuit Signal
41. Self-diagnosis Signal (generated by
grounding this terminal and shown by
FI indicator LED light)
42. –
43. Battery Power ON-OFF Signal
44. Subthrottle Valve Actuator Drive Signal
45. Subthrottle Valve Actuator Drive Signal
46. –
47. FI Indicator LED Light Signal
48. Injector #4 Signal
49. Injector #3 Signal
50. DFI System Ground
51. Ignition System Ground
52. Stick Coil #4 Signal
T. Ignition Switch
U. FI Indicator LED Light
V. Tachometer
W. Speedometer
X. Ignition Fuse 10A
Y. Junction Box
Z. Fuel Pump Relay (for fuel pump and injectors)
a. ECU Fuse 15A
b. Vehicle-down Sensor
d. Starter Relay
e. Joint Connector D
f. Sealed Battery
g. Fuel Pump
h. Self-diagnosis Terminal
j. Joint Connector B
k. Main Fuse 30A
m. Throttle Body Assy Connector
n: Connector Locks
p: ECU Connector
3-12 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Specifications
Item
Digital Fuel Injection System
Idle Speed
Throttle Assy:
Type
Bore
ECU (Electronic Control Unit):
Make
Type
Usable engine speed
Fuel Pressure (high pressure line):
Right after Ignition switch ON
After 3 sec from Ignition switch
ON
With engine idling
Fuel Pump:
Type
Discharge
Fuel Injectors:
Type
Nozzle type
Resistance
Main Throttle Sensor:
Input voltage
Output voltage at idle throttle
opening
Output voltage at full throttle
opening
Resistance
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor or
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor:
Input voltage
Output voltage
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor:
Resistance
Output voltage at ECU
Water Temperature Sensor:
Resistance
Output voltage at ECU
Speed Sensor:
Input voltage at sensor
Output voltage at sensor
Vehicle-down Sensor:
Detection method
Detection angle
Standard
1 100 ± 50 r/min (rpm)
Four barrel type
38 mm (1.5 in.)
Denso
Digital memory type, with built in IC igniter, sealed with resin
100 ∼ 11 160 r/min (rpm)
310 kPa (3.2 kgf/cm², 46 psi) with fuel pump running
290 kPa (2.9 kgf/cm², 43 psi) with fuel pump stopped
310 kPa (3.2 kgf/cm², 46 psi) with fuel pump running
In-tank friction pump
67 mL (2.3 US oz) or more for 3 seconds
INP–250
One spray type with 4 holes
about 11.7 ∼ 12.3 Ω at 20°C (68°F)
Non-adjustable and non-removable
4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC between BL and BR/BK leads
0.99 ∼ 1.03 V DC between Y/W and BR/BK leads
4.19 ∼ 4.39 V DC between Y/W and BR/BK leads
4 ∼ 6 kΩ
4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC between BL and BR/BK leads
3.74 ∼ 4.26 V DC at standard atmospheric pressure (see
this text for details)
1.6 ∼ 3.7 kΩ at 20°C (68°F)
0.24 ∼ 0.43 kΩ at 80°C (176°F)
about 2.25 ∼ 2.50 V @20°C (68°F)
see Electrical System chapter
about 2.80 ∼ 2.97 V @20°C (68°F)
about 9 ∼ 11 V DC at Ignition Switch ON
about 0.05 ∼ 0.07 V DC at Ignition Switch ON and 0 km/h
Magnetic flux detection method
More than 60 ∼ 70° for each bank
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-13
Specifications
Item
Detection time
Output voltage
Subthrottle Sensor:
Input Voltage
Output voltage at idle throttle
opening
Output voltage at full throttle
opening
Resistance
Subthrottle Valve Actuator:
Resistance
Input voltage
Throttle Grip and Cables
Throttle grip free play
Choke Cable
Choke cable free play
Standard
Within 0.5 ∼ 1.0 sec.
with the sensor tilted 60 ∼ 70° or more: 3.7 ∼ 4.4 V
with sensor arrow mark pointed up: 0.4 ∼ 1.4 V
Non-adjustable and non-removal
4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC between BR and BR/BK leads
0.48 ∼ 0.52 V DC between BR and BR/BK leads
3.6 ∼ 3.8 V DC between BR and BR/BK leads
4 ∼ 6 kΩ
about 5 ∼ 7 kΩ
about 8.5 ∼ 10.5 V DC
2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)
0 ∼ 0.5 mm (0 ∼ 0.02 in.)
3-14 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Special Tools
Oil Pressure Gauge:
57001–125
Fuel Pressure Gauge Adapter:
57001–1417
Carburetor Drain Plug Wrench, Hex 3:
57001–1269
Needle Adapter Set:
57001–1457
Fork Oil Level Gauge:
57001–1290
Throttle Sensor Setting Adapter:
57001–1538
Hand Tester:
57001–1394
Sensor Harness Adapter:
57001–1561
Throttle Sensor Setting Adapter:
57001–1400
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-15
DFI Servicing Precautions
There are a number of important precautions that should
be followed servicing the DFI system.
○This DFI system is designed to be used with a 12 V sealed
battery as its power source. Do not use any other battery
except for a 12 V sealed battery as a power source.
○Do not reverse the battery cable connections. This will
damage the ECU.
○To prevent damage to the DFI parts, do not disconnect the
battery cables or any other electrical connections when
the ignition switch is on or while the engine is running.
○Take care not to short the leads that are directly connected to the battery positive (+) terminal to the chassis
ground.
○When charging, remove the battery from the motorcycle.
This is to prevent ECU damage by excessive voltage.
○Do not turn the ignition switch ON while any of the DFI
electrical connectors are disconnected. The ECU memorizes service codes.
○Do not spray water on the electrical parts, DFI parts, connectors, leads, and wiring. Never water a vehicle with
connectors unplugged because seals don’t work and terminals could corrode.
○If a transceiver is installed on the motorcycle, make sure
that the operation of the DFI system is not influenced by
electric wave radiated from the antenna. Check operation
of the system with the engine at idle. Locate the antenna
as far as possible away from the ECU.
○When any fuel hose is disconnected, do not turn on the
ignition switch. Otherwise, the fuel pump will operate and
fuel will spout from the fuel hose.
○Do not operate the fuel pump if the pump is completely
dry. This is to prevent pump seizure.
○Before removing the fuel system parts, blow the outer surfaces of these parts clean with compressed air.
○When any fuel hose is disconnected, fuel may spout out
by residual pressure in the fuel line. Cover the hose joint
with a piece of clean cloth to prevent fuel spillage.
○To prevent corrosion and deposits in the fuel system, do
not add to fuel any fuel antifreeze chemicals.
○Whenever the DFI electrical connections are to be disconnected, first turn off the ignition switch. Conversely, make
sure that all the DFI electrical connections are firmly reconnected before starting the engine.
○Whenever the DFI electrical connections are to be disconnected, first turn off the ignition switch, and disconnect
the battery (–) terminal. Do not pull the lead, only the connector. Conversely, make sure that all the DFI electrical
connections are firmly reconnected before starting the engine.
○When disconnecting the vehicle-down sensor connector,
raise the lock of the connector. Push the lock of the other
connectors.
3-16 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI Servicing Precautions
○To maintain the correct fuel/air mixture (F/A), there must
be no inlet air leaks in the DFI system. Be sure to install
the oil filler plug [A] after filling the engine oil.
Clutch Cover [B]
Front [C]
Torque - Oil Filler Plug: 1.5 N·m (0.15 kgf·m, 13 in·lb)
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-17
Troubleshooting the DFI System
Outline
When an abnormality in the system occurs, the FI indicator LED (Light Emitting Diode) light goes on to alert the rider
on the meter panel. In addition, the condition of the problem
is stored in the memory of the ECU (electronic control unit).
With the engine stopped and turned in the self-diagnosis
mode, the service code [A] is indicated by the number of
times the FI indicator LED light blinks.
When due to a malfunction, the FI indicator LED light remains lit, ask the rider about the conditions [B] under which
the problem occurred and try to determine the cause [C].
First, conduct a self-diagnosis inspection and then a non
-self-diagnosis inspection. The non–self–diagnosis items
are not indicated by the FI indicator LED light. Don’t rely
solely on the DFI self-diagnosis function, use common
sense.
•
Even when the DFI system is operating normally, the FI
indicator LED light [A] may light up under strong electrical
interference. No repair needed. Turn the ignition switch
OFF to stop the indicator light.
When the FI indicator LED light goes on and the motorcycle is brought in for repair, check the service codes.
When the repair has been done, the LED light doesn’t go
on. But the service codes stored in memory are not erased
to preserve the problem history, and the LED light can display the codes in the self-diagnosis mode. The problem
history is referred when solving unstable problems.
When the motorcycle is down, the vehicle-down sensor
is turned OFF and the ECU shuts off the fuel injectors and
ignition system. The FI indicator LED light blinks but the
fault code cannot be displayed. The ignition switch is left
ON. If the starter button is pushed, the electric starter turns
but the engine doesn’t start. To start the engine again, raise
the motorcycle, turn the ignition switch OFF, and then ON.
The vehicle-down sensor is turned ON and the LED light
goes OFF.
3-18 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Troubleshooting the DFI System
○The DFI part connectors [A] have seals [B], including the
•
ECU.
Join the connector and insert the needle adapters (special
tool) [C] inside the seal [B] from behind the connector until
the adapter reaches the terminal.
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
CAUTION
Insert the needle adapter straight along the terminal
in the connector to prevent short-circuit between
terminals.
sure that measuring points are correct in the con• Make
nector, noting the position of the lock [D] and the lead
•
•
color before measurement. Do not reverse connections
of the hand tester or a digital meter.
Be careful not to short-circuit the leads of the DFI or electrical system parts by contact between adapters.
Turn the ignition switch ON and measure the voltage with
the connector joined.
CAUTION
Incorrect, reverse connection or short circuit by
needle adapters could damage the DFI or electrical
system parts.
○After measurement, remove the needle adapters and apply silicone sealant to the seals [A] of the connector [B]
for waterproofing.
Silicone Sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120)
- Seals of Connector
check battery condition before replacing the DFI
• Always
parts. A fully charged battery is a must for conducting
accurate tests of the DFI system.
may involve one or in some cases all items.
• Trouble
Never replace a defective part without determining what
•
•
CAUSED the problem. If the problem was caused by
some other item or items, they too must be repaired or
replaced, or the new replacement part will soon fail again.
Measure coil winding resistance when the DFI part is cold
(at room temperature)
Make sure all connectors in the circuit are clean and tight,
and examine wires for signs of burning, fraying, short,
etc. Deteriorated wires and bad connections can cause
reappearance of problems and unstable operation of the
DFI system.
If any wiring is deteriorated, replace the wiring.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-19
Troubleshooting the DFI System
each connector [A] apart and inspect it for corrosion,
• Pull
dirt, and damage.
If the connector is corroded or dirty, clean it carefully. If it
is damaged, replace it. Connect the connectors securely.
Check the wiring for continuity.
○Use the wiring diagram to find the ends of the lead which
is suspected of being a problem.
○Connect the hand tester between the ends of the leads.
○Set the tester to the × 1 Ω range, and read the tester.
If the tester does not read 0 Ω, the lead is defective. Replace the lead or the main harness or the sub harness.
•
○If both ends of a harness [A] are far apart, ground [B] the
one end [C], using a jumper lead [D] and check the continuity between the end [E] and the ground [F]. This enables to check a long harness for continuity. If the harness
is open, repair or replace the harness.
○When checking a harness [A] for short circuit, open one
end [B] and check the continuity between the other end
[C] and ground [D]. If there is continuity, the harness has
a short circuit to ground, and it must be repaired or replaced.
down suspicious locations by repeating the con• Narrow
tinuity tests from the ECU connectors.
If no abnormality is found in the wiring or connectors, the
DFI parts are the next likely suspects. Check the part,
starting with input and output voltages. However, there is
no way to check the ECU itself.
If an abnormality is found, replace the affected DFI part.
If no abnormality is found in the wiring, connectors, and
DFI parts, replace the ECU.
○Lead Color Codes:
BK: Black
BL: Blue
BR: Brown
CH: Chocolate
DG: Dark green
G: Green
GY: Gray
LB: Light blue
LG: Light green
O: Orange
P: Pink
PU: Purple
R: Red
W: White
Y: Yellow
3-20 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Troubleshooting the DFI System
○There are two ways to inspect the DFI system.
One is
voltage Check Method and the other is Resistance Check
Method.
(Voltage Check Method)
○This method is conducted by measuring the input voltage
[B] to a sensor [A] first, and then the output voltage [C]
from the sensor.
○Sometimes this method can detect a fault of the ECU.
Refer to each sensor inspection section for detail in this
chapter.
Use a fully charged battery and a digital meter [D] which
can be read two decimal places voltage or resistance.
•
•
(Resistance Check Method)
○This method is simple. No need for a fully charged battery
and the needle adapter. Just do the following especially
when a sensor [A] is suspect.
Turn the ignition switch OFF and disconnect the connectors.
Inspect the sensor resistance, using a digital meter (see
each sensor inspection in this chapter).
Inspect the wiring and connectors [B] for continuity, using
the hand tester [C] (analog tester) rather than a digital
meter.
•
•
•
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If the sensor, the wiring and connections are good, inspect the ECU for its ground and power supply (see this
chapter). If the ground and power supply are good, the
ECU is suspect. Replace the ECU.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-21
Troubleshooting the DFI System
DFI Diagnosis Flow Chart
Inquiries to Rider
○Each rider reacts to problems in different ways, so it is important to confirm what kind of symptoms
the rider has encountered.
○Try to find out exactly what problem occurred under exactly what conditions by asking the rider;
knowing this information may help you reproduce the problem.
○The following sample diagnosis sheet will help prevent you from overlooking any areas, and will
help you decide if it is a DFI system problem, or a general engine problem.
3-22 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Troubleshooting the DFI System
Sample Diagnosis Sheet
Rider name:
Model:
Registration No. (license plate No.):
Year of initial registration:
Engine No.:
Date problem occurred:
Frame No.:
Mileage:
Environment when problem occurred.
Weather
□ fine, □ cloudy, □ rain, □ snow, □ always, □ other:
Temperature
□ hot, □ warm, □ cold, □ very cold, □ always
Problem
□ chronic, □ often, □ once
frequency
Road
□ street, □ highway, □ mountain road (□ uphill, □ downhill), □ bumpy, □ pebble
Altitude
□ normal, □ high (about 1 000 m (3 281 ft) or more)
Motorcycle conditions when problem occurred.
FI indicator
LED light
□ light up immediately after ignition switch ON, and goes off after 1 ∼ 2 seconds
(normal)
□ lights blinks immediately after ignition switch ON, and stays on (DFI problem)
□ lights up immediately after ignition switch ON, but goes off after about 10
seconds (DFI problem)
□ unlights (LED light, ECU or its wiring fault)
□ sometimes lights up (probably wiring fault)
Starting
difficulty
□ starter motor not rotating
□ starter motor rotating but engine doesn’t turn over
□ starter motor and engine don’t turn over
□ no fuel flow (□ no fuel in tank, □ no fuel pump sound)
□ engine flooded (do not crank engine with throttle opened, which promotes engine
flooding)
□ no spark
□ choke lever is not pulled fully when using the lever (pull it fully when using)
□ other
Engine stops
□ right after starting
□ when opening throttle grip
□ when closing throttle grip
□ when moving off
□ when stopping the motorcycle
□ when cruising
□ other
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-23
Troubleshooting the DFI System
Poor running
at low speed
□ choke lever pulled out fully (push it in fully)
□ very low choke speed (adjust choke cable)
□ very low idle speed, □ very high idle speed, □ rough idle speed
□ battery voltage is low (charge the battery)
□ spark plug loose (tighten it)
□ spark plug dirty, broken, or gap maladjusted (remedy it)
□ backfiring
□ afterfiring
□ hesitation when acceleration
□ engine oil viscosity too high
□ brake dragging
□ engine overheating
□ clutch slipping
□ other
Poor running
□ choke lever pulled out fully (push it in fully)
or no power
□ spark plug loose (tighten it)
at high speed
□ spark plug dirty, broken, or gap maladjusted (remedy it)
□ spark plug incorrect (replace it)
□ knocking (fuel poor quality or incorrect, → use high-octane gasoline)
□ brake dragging
□ clutch slipping
□ engine overheating
□ engine oil level too high
□ engine oil viscosity too high
□ other
3-24 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
NOTE
○This is not an exhaustive list, giving every possible cause for each problem listed.
It is meant
as
a
rough
guide
to
assist
the
troubleshooting
for
some
of
the
more
common
difficulties.
simply
○The ECU may be involved in the DFI electrical and ignition system troubles. If these parts and
circuits checked out good, be sure to check the ECU for ground and power supply. If the ground
and power supply are checked good, replace the ECU.
Engine Doesn’t Start, Starting Difficulty
Symptoms or possible Causes
Starter motor not rotating:
Ignition and engine stop switches not ON
Starter lockout switch or neutral switch trouble
Starter motor trouble
Battery voltage low
Starter relays not contacting or operating
Starter button not contacting
Starter system wiring open or shorted
Ignition switch trouble
Engine stop switch trouble
Main 30A or ignition fuse blown
Starter motor rotating but engine doesn’t
turn over :
Starter clutch trouble
Starter idle gear trouble
Engine won’t turn over :
Valve seizure
Cylinder, piston seizure
Camshaft seizure
Connecting rod small end seizure
Connecting rod big end seizure
Crankshaft seizure
Transmission gear or bearing seizure
Balancer bearing seizure
No fuel flow :
No or little fuel in tank
Fuel pump not rotating
Fuel injector trouble
Fuel tank air vent obstructed
Fuel filter or pump screen clogged
Fuel pressure regulator clogged
Fuel line clogged
Engine flooded :
Spark plug dirty, broken or gap maladjusted
Starting technique faulty
No spark or spark weak :
Actions (chapter)
Turn both switches ON.
Inspect (see chapter 16)
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect and charge (see chapter 16).
Inspect the starter relay (see chapter 16).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect the wiring (see chapter 16).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 9).
Inspect (see chapter 9).
Inspect and
Inspect and
Inspect and
Inspect and
Inspect and
Inspect and
Inspect and
Inspect and
replace
replace
replace
replace
replace
replace
replace
replace
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
5).
5).
5).
9).
9).
9).
9).
9).
Supply fuel (see Owner’s Manual).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace fuel pump (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace fuel pump (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Clean spark plugs and adjust plug gap (see
chapter 2).
When flooded, don’t crank engine with throttle
fully opened.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-25
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or possible Causes
Ignition and engine stop switches not ON
Clutch lever not pulled in and gear not in neutral
whether sidestand up or not
Though clutch lever pulled in, sidestand up and
gear not in neutral
Vehicle-down sensor coming off
Vehicle-down sensor trouble
ECU ground or power supply trouble
Battery voltage low
Spark plug dirty, broken or gap maladjusted
Spark plug cap trouble
Spark plug cap shorted or not in good contact
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Neutral, starter lockout or sidestand switch
trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Ignition switch shorted
Engine stop switch shorted
Starter system wiring shorted or open
Main 30A or ignition fuse blown
Fuel/air mixture incorrect :
Air cleaner clogged, poorly sealed or missing
Actions (chapter)
Turn both switches ON .
Pull the lever in and shift the gear in neutral.
Pull the lever in and shift the gear in neutral.
Reinstall (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3) .
Inspect (see chapter 3) .
Inspect and charge (see chapter 16).
Clean spark plug and adjust plug gap (see chapter
2).
Inspect stick coil (see chapter 16).
Reinstall or inspect stick coil (see chapter 16).
Replace it with the correct plug (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect each switch (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 16) .
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Clean or reinstall (see chapter 3).
Leak from oil filler cap, crankcase breather hose
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 3).
or air cleaner drain hose
Change fuel. Inspect and clean fuel system (see
Water or foreign matter in fuel
chapter 3).
Inspect fuel pressure and replace fuel pump (see
Fuel pressure regulator trouble
chapter 3).
Main throttle sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Fuel pressure may be low
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Fuel pump trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Fuel injector trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Water temperature sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Compression low :
Spark plug loose
Cylinder head not sufficiently tightened down
Cylinder, piston worn
Piston ring bad (worn, weak, broken or sticking)
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 16).
Tighten (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
3-26 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or possible Causes
Piston ring /groove clearance excessive
Cylinder head gasket damaged
Cylinder head warped
No valve clearance
Valve guide worn
Valve spring broken or weak
Valve not seating properly (valve bent, worn or
carbon accumulating on seating surface)
Actions (chapter)
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Adjust (see chapter 2).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 5).
Poor Running at Low Speed
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Spark weak :
Battery voltage low
Spark plug dirty, broken or gap maladjusted
Spark plug cap trouble
Spark plug cap shorted or not in good contact
Actions (chapter)
Inspect and charge (see chapter 16).
Clean spark plugs and adjust plug gap (see
chapter 2).
Inspect the stick coil (see chapter 16).
Reinstall or inspect stick coil (see chapter 16).
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Fuel / air mixture incorrect :
Little fuel in tank
Air cleaner clogged, poorly sealed, or missing
Air cleaner duct loose
Air cleaner O-ring damaged
Fuel tank air vent obstructed
Throttle body assy loose
Throttle body assy O-ring damage
Replace it with the correct plug (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Choke lever pulled
Fuel filer or pump screen clogged
Push it (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace fuel pump (see chapter 3).
Inspect fuel pressure and replace fuel pump (see
chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 4).
Fuel pressure regulator clogged
Fuel line clogged
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Thermostat trouble
Unstable (rough) idling :
Fuel injector trouble
Main throttle sensor trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Throttle valves not synchronizing
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Supply fuel (see Owner’s Manual).
Clean element or inspect sealing (see chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 3).
Replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 3).
Replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
3).
3).
3).
2).
3).
3).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-27
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Fuel pressure too low or too high
Battery voltage low
Incorrect idle speed :
Water temperature sensor trouble
Main throttle sensor trouble
Engine stalls easily :
Fuel pump trouble
Fuel injector trouble
Main throttle sensor trouble
Camshaft position sensor trouble
Fuel pressure too low or too high
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Fuel line clogged
Fuel pressure too low or too high
Fuel pressure regulator trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Compression Low :
Spark plug loose
Cylinder head not sufficiently tightened down
No valve clearance
Cylinder, piston worn
Piston ring bad (worn, weak, broken or sticking
)
Piston ring /groove clearance excessive
Cylinder head gasket damaged
Cylinder head warped
Valve guide worn or stem seal damaged
Valve spring broken or weak
Valve not seating properly (valve bent, worn or
carbon accumulating on seating surface)
Camshaft cam worn
Hesitation :
Too low fuel pressure
Clogged fuel line
Cracked or obstructed inlet air pressure sensor
hose
Fuel pump trouble
Fuel injector trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Main throttle sensor trouble
Actions (chapter)
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and charge (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect fuel pressure and replace fuel pump (see
chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Reinstall (see chapter 16).
Tighten (see chapter 5).
Adjust (see chapter 2).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
(see
(see
(see
(see
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
3).
3).
3).
3).
3-28 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Subthrottle sensor trouble
Subthrottle valve actuator trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Loose injector connectors
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Loose terminal of battery (–) lead or engine
ground lead
Delay of ignition timing
Poor acceleration :
Choke lever pulled
Too low fuel pressure
Water or foreign matter in fuel
Clogged fuel filter or pump screen
Fuel pump trouble
Fuel injector trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Subthrottle sensor trouble
Subthrottle valve actuator trouble
Stick coil trouble
Engine oil level to high
Actions (chapter)
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Remedy (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 16).
Inspect crankshaft sensor and IC igniter in ECU
(see chapter 16).
Push it (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Change fuel. Inspect and clean fuel system (see
chapter 3).
Inspect and replace fuel pump (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Repair (see chapter 7).
Spark plug dirty, broken or gap maladjusted
Clean spark plugs and adjust plug gap (see
chapter 2).
Stumble :
Too low fuel pressure
Fuel injector trouble
Main throttle sensor malfunction
Subthrottle sensor trouble
Subthrottle valve actuator trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
(see
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
3).
3).
3).
3).
3).
3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Surge :
Unstable fuel pressure
Fuel injector trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Backfiring when deceleration :
Fuel pressure regulator trouble (Inspect and
replace fuel pump) or kinked fuel line (Inspect and
repair fuel line) (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-29
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Spark plug dirty, broken or gap maladjusted
Too low fuel pressure
Fuel pump trouble
Main throttle sensor trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Vacuum switch valve broken
Air suction valve trouble
After fire :
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Spark plug burned or gap maladjusted
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Water temperature sensor trouble
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Fuel injector trouble
Run-on (dieseling) :
Ignition switch trouble
Engine switch trouble
Fuel injector trouble
Loose terminal of battery (–) lead or ECU
ground lead
Carbon accumulating on valve seating surface
Engine overheating
Other :
Engine oil viscosity too high
Drive train trouble
Brake dragging
Clutch slipping
Engine overheating
Vacuum switch valve trouble
Air suction valve trouble
Intermittent any DFI fault and its recovery
Actions (chapter)
Clean spark plugs and adjust plug gap (see
chapter 2).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
(see chapter 3).
and replace (see chapter 5).
and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Adjust plug gap or replace plug (see chapter 2).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
(see
(see
(see
(see
chapter
chapter
chapter
chapter
3).
3).
3).
3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 16).
Repair (see chapter 5).
(see Overheating of Troubleshooting Guide, see
chapter 17)
Change (see chapter 2).
Inspect drive chain (see chapter 2) and sprocket
(see chapter 11).
Inspect caliper fluid seal damage or clogging
of master cylinder relief and supply ports (see
chapter 12).
Inspect friction plates for wear (see chapter 6).
(see Overheating of Troubleshooting Guide, see
chapter 17)
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Check that DFI connectors are clean and tight,
and examine wires for signs of burning or fraying
(see chapter 3).
3-30 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Poor Running or No Power at High Speed:
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Firing incorrect :
Spark plug dirty, broken or maladjusted
Spark plug cap trouble
Spark plug cap shorted or not in good contact
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Fuel/air mixture incorrect :
Choke lever pulled
Air cleaner clogged, poorly sealed or missing
Air cleaner duct loose
Air cleaner O-ring damaged
Water or foreign matter in fuel
Throttle body assy loose
Throttle body assy O-ring damaged
Fuel tank air vent obstructed
Fuel line clogged
Fuel pump operates intermittently and often
ECU fuse blows.
Fuel pump trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Main throttle sensor trouble
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Inlet air pressure sensor trouble
Cracked or obstructed inlet air pressure sensor
hose
Injector clogged
Compression low :
Spark plug loose
Cylinder head not sufficiently tightened down
No valve clearance
Cylinder, piston worn
Piston ring bad (worn, weak, broken or sticking)
Piston ring /groove clearance excessive
Cylinder head gasket damaged
Cylinder head warped
Valve spring broken or weak
Valve not seating properly (valve bent , worn or
carbon accumulating on the seating surface)
Knocking :
Carbon built up in combustion chamber
Actions (chapter)
Clean spark plug and adjust plug gap (see chapter
2).
Inspect stick coil (see chapter 16).
Reinstall or inspect stick coil (see chapter 16).
Replace it with the correct plug (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Push it (see chapter 3).
Clean element or inspect sealing (see chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 3).
Replace (see chapter 3).
Change fuel. Inspect and clean fuel system (see
chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 3).
Replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair (see chapter 3).
Pump bearings may wear. Replace the pump (see
chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 3).
Visually inspect and replace (see chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 16).
Tighten (see chapter 5).
Adjust (see chapter 2).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Replace (see chapter 5) .
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Inspect and repair or replace (see chapter 5).
Repair (see chapter 5).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-31
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Actions (chapter)
Fuel poor quality or incorrect (Use the gasoline
Change fuel (see chapter 3).
recommended in the Owner’s Manual)
Spark plug incorrect
Replace it with the correct plug (see chapter 16).
Stick coil trouble
Inspect (see chapter 16).
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Inspect (see chapter 16).
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Atmospheric pressure sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Miscellaneous :
Subthrottle sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Subthrottle valve actuator trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Speed sensor trouble
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect throttle cable and lever linkage (see
Throttle valves won’t fully open
chapter 3).
Inspect caliper fluid seal damage or clogging
of master cylinder relief and supply ports (see
Brake dragging
chapter 12).
Clutch slipping
Inspect friction plates for wear (see chapter 6).
Engine overheating - water temperature sensor, (see Overheating of Troubleshooting Guide in
crankshaft sensor or speed sensor trouble
chapter 17).
Engine oil level too high
Repair (see chapter 7).
Engine oil viscosity too high
Change (see chapter 3).
Inspect drive chain (see chapter 2) and sprockets
Drive train trouble
(see chapter 11).
Camshaft cam worn
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Vacuum switch valve trouble
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Air suction valve trouble
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Catalytic converters melt down due to muffler
Replace muffler (see chapter 5).
overheating (KLEEN)
Exhaust Smokes Excessively :
(White smokes)
Piston oil ring worn
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Cylinder worn
Inspect and replace (see chapter 5).
Valve oil seal damaged
Replace (see chapter 5).
Valve guide worn
Replace the guide (see chapter 5).
Engine oil level too high
Repair (see chapter 7).
(Black smoke)
Air cleaner clogged
Clean (see chapter 3).
Choke lever pulled
Too high fuel pressure
Injector stuck open
Water temperature sensor trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
(Brown smoke)
Air cleaner duct loose
Air cleaner O-ring damaged
Push it (see chapter 3).
Inspect (see chapter 3) .
Inspect (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 3).
Reinstall (see chapter 3).
Replace (see chapter 3).
3-32 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptoms or Possible Causes
Too low fuel pressure
Water temperature sensor trouble
Inlet air temperature sensor trouble
Actions (chapter)
Inspect fuel line and fuel pump (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 3).
Inspect and replace (see chapter 3).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-33
Self-Diagnosis
Self-diagnosis Outline
The self-diagnosis system has three modes and can be
switched to another mode by grounding the self-diagnosis
terminal.
User Mode:
The ECU notifies the rider of troubles in DFI system and
ignition system by lighting the FI indicator when DFI system
and ignition system parts are faulty, and initiates fail-safe
function. In case of serious troubles, the ECU stops the
injection/ignition/starter motor operation.
Dealer Mode 1:
The FI indicator LED light emits service code(s) to show
the problem(s) which the DFI system and ignition system
has at the moment of diagnosis.
Dealer Mode 2:
The FI indicator light LED emits service code(s) to show
the problem(s) which the DFI system and ignition system
had in the past.
Self-diagnosis Procedures
○When a problem occurs with the DFI system and ignition
system, the DFI indicator LED light [A] goes on.
○Use
NOTE
a fully charged battery when conducting
self-diagnosis. Otherwise, the LED light blinks very
slowly or doesn’t blink.
○Keep the self-diagnosis terminal grounded during self
-diagnosis, with an auxiliary lead.
the rear and front seats (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Ground
[A]
terminal [B] (yellow lead)
• to the batterythe(–)self-diagnossis
terminal [C] or battery (–) lead connector,
using a wire.
Front [D]
on the ignition switch.
• Turn
Connect
an auxiliary lead [E] to the self-diagnosis terminal
• [G] for grounding.
enter the self-diagnosis dealer mode 1, ground [A] the
• To
self-diagnosis indicator terminal to the battery (–) terminal
for more than 2 seconds [C], and then keep it grounded
continuously [D].
○Count the blinks of the LED light to read the service code.
Keep the auxiliary lead ground until you finish reading the
service code.
3-34 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Self-Diagnosis
enter the self-diagnosis dealer mode 2, open [B] and
• To
ground [A] the lead more than five times [F] within 2 seconds [C] after the lead is first grounded, and then keep it
grounded continuously [D] for more than 2 seconds.
○Count the blinks of the LED light to read the service code.
Keep the auxiliary lead ground until you finish reading the
service code.
NOTE
○To enter the dealer mode 2 from the dealer mode 1, turn
off the ignition switch once.
Service Code Clearing Procedures
the self-diagnosis dealer mode 2 (see Self- diagno• Enter
sis Procedures).
○Make
NOTE
sure to keep the grounding until the following
opening and grounding starts.
the clutch lever in more than 5 seconds, and then
• Pull
release it.
opening [B] and grounding [A] the lead
• Repeat
(self-diagnosis terminal) more than five times [F] within 2
seconds [C] after the lead is grounded, and then keep it
grounded continuously [D] for more than 2 seconds.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-35
Self-Diagnosis
3-36 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Self-Diagnosis
How to Read Service Codes
○Service codes are shown by a series of long and short blinks of the FI indicator LED light as shown
below.
○Read 10th digit and unit digit as the FI indicator LED light blinks.
○When there are a number of problems, all the service codes can be stored and the display will
begin starting from the lowest number service code in the numerical order. Then after completing
all codes, the display is repeated until the self-diagnosis indicator terminal is open.
○If there is no problem, no code and unlight.
○For example, if two problems occurred in the order of 21, 12, the service codes are displayed from
the lowest number in the order listed.
(12 → 21) → (12 → 21) → · · · (repeated)
○If the problem is with the following parts, the ECU cannot memorize these problems, the FI indicator
LED light doesn’t go on, and no service codes can be displayed.
FI Indicator LED Light
Fuel Pump
Fuel Pump Relay
DFI Main Relay
ECU Power Source Wiring and Ground Wiring (see ECU Inspection in this chapter)
Fuel Injectors
How to Erase Service Codes
○Even if the ignition switch is turned OFF, the battery or the ECU are disconnected or the problem is
solved, all service codes remain in the ECU.
○Refer to the Service Code Clearing Procedure for the service code erasure.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-37
Self-Diagnosis
Service Code Table
Service
Code
FI Indicator LED Light
11
Problems
Main throttle sensor malfunction, wiring open or short
Inlet air pressure sensor malfunction, wiring open or
short
Inlet air temperature sensor malfunction, wiring open
or short
Water temperature sensor malfunction, wiring open
or short
Atmospheric pressure sensor malfunction, wiring
open or short
12
13
14
15
21
Crankshaft sensor malfunction, wiring open or short
23
Camshaft position sensor malfunction, wiring open
or short
24
and
25
+
Speed sensor malfunction, wiring open or short
First 24 is displayed and then 25, repeatedly
31
Vehicle-down sensor, malfunction, wiring open or
short
32
Subthrottle sensor malfunction, wiring open or short
51
52
53
54
62
Stick (Ignition) coil #1 malfunction, wiring open or
short
Stick (Ignition) coil #2 malfunction, wiring open or
short
Stick (Ignition) coil #3 malfunction, wiring open or
short
Stick (Ignition) coil #4 malfunction, wiring open or
short
Subthrottle valve actuator malfunction, wiring open
or short
Notes:
○The ECU may be involved in these problems. If all the parts and circuits checked out good, be sure
to check the ECU for ground and power supply. If the ground and power supply are checked good,
replace the ECU.
○When no service code is displayed, the electronical parts of the DFI system has no fault, and the
mechanical parts of the DFI system and the engine are suspect.
3-38 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Self-Diagnosis
Backups
○The ECU takes the following measures to prevent engine damage when the DFI or the ignition
system parts have troubles.
Service
Codes
Parts
11
Main
Throttle
Sensor
12
Inlet Air
Pressure
Sensor
13
14
15
21
23
24
and
25
31
32
Inlet Air
Temperature Sensor
Water Temperature
Sensor
Atmospheric
Pressure
Sensor
Output Signal Usable
Range or Criteria
Main Throttle Sensor
Output Voltage
0.2 ∼ 4.8 V
Inlet Air Pressure
(absolute)
Pv = 100 mmHg ∼ 900
mmHg
Inlet Air Temperature
Ta = – 47°C ∼ + 178°C
Water Temperature
Tw = – 30C° ∼ + 120°C
Absolute Atmospheric
Pressure
Pa = 100 mmHg ∼ 900
mmHg
Crankshaft sensor must
Crankshaft send 23 signals (output
signal) to the ECU at the
Sensor
one cranking.
Cam sensor must send
Camshaft
one signal (output signal)
Position
to the ECU at the two
Sensor
cranking
Speed sensor must send
4 signals (output signal)
to the ECU at the one
rotation of the engine
Speed
sprocket.
Sensor
The gear position is
decided by the signal of
the speed sensor.
Vehicle
-down
Sensor
Vehicle-down Sensor
Output Voltage (signal)
Vd = 0.4 V ∼ 4.4 V
Subthrottle Sensor
Subthrottle
Output Voltage
sensor
0.15 ∼ 4.85 V
Backups by ECU
If the main throttle sensor system fails (the signal
is out of the usable range, wiring short or open),
the ECU locks ignition timing into the ignition
timing at closed throttle position and sets the DFI
in the D-J method.
Also, the main throttle sensor system and inlet air
pressure fails, the ECU locks ignition timing into
the ignition timing at closed throttle position and
sets the DFI in the α-N method.
If the inlet air pressure sensor system fails (the
signal Pv is out of the usable range, wiring short
or open), the ECU sets the DFI in the α - N
method.
If the inlet air temperature sensor fails (the signal
is out of the usable range, wiring short or open),
the ECU sets Ta at 40°C.
If the water temperature sensor system fails (the
signal is out of the usable range, wiring short or
open), the ECU sets Tw at 80°C.
If the atmospheric pressure sensor system fails
(the signal is out of the usable range, wiring short
or open), the ECU sets Pa at 760 mmHg (the
standard atmospheric pressure).
If crankshaft sensor generates other than 23
signals, the engine stops by itself.
If the camshaft position sensor system fails
(the signal is missing, wiring short or open), the
ECU continues to ignite cylinders in the same
sequence following the last good signal.
If the speed sensor system fails (no signal, wiring
short or open), the speedometer shows 0, and
the ECU sets the top (6) gear position.
If the vehicle-down sensor system has failures
(the output voltage Vd is more than usable range,
wiring open), the ECU shuts off the fuel pump,
the fuel injectors and the ignition system.
If the subthrottle sensor system fails (the signal
is out of the usable range, wiring short or open),
the actuator locks sub throttle valve at full open
position.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-39
Self-Diagnosis
Service
Codes
51
52
53
54
62
Output Signal Usable
Range or Criteria
The stick coil primary
Stick Coil
winding must send
#1 (Ignition
signals (output voltage)
Coil)*
continuously to the ECU.
The stick coil primary
Stick Coil
winding must send
#2 (Ignition
signals (output voltage)
Coil)*
continuously to the ECU.
The stick coil primary
Stick Coil
winding must send
#3 (Ignition
signals (output voltage)
Coil)*
continuously to the ECU.
Parts
Backups by ECU
If the ignition primary winding #1 has failures (no
signal, wiring short or open), the ECU shuts off
the injector #1 to stop fuel to the cylinder #1,
though the engine keeps running.
If the ignition primary winding #2 has failures (no
signal, wiring short or open), the ECU shuts off
the injector #2 to stop fuel to the cylinder #2,
though the engine keeps running.
If the ignition primary winding #3 has failures (no
signal, wiring short or open), the ECU shuts off
the injector #3 to stop fuel to the cylinder #3,
though the engine keeps running.
The stick coil primary
If the ignition primary winding #4 has failures (no
Stick Coil
winding must send
signal, wiring short or open), the ECU shuts off
#4 (Ignition
signals (output voltage) the injector #4 to stop fuel to the cylinder #4,
Coil) *
continuously to the ECU. though the engine keeps running.
The actuator operates
Subthrottle open and close of the
If the subthrottle valve actuator fails (the signal is
subthrottle valve by the out of the usable range, wiring short or open), the
Valve
Actuator pulse signal from the
ECU stops the current to the actuator.
ECU.
Note:
(1) D-J Method and α – N Method: When the engine load is light like at idling or low speed, the ECU
determines the injection quantity by calculating from the throttle vacuum (inlet air pressure sensor
output voltage) and engine speed (crankshaft sensor output voltage). This method is called D-J
method (low-speed mode). As the engine speed increases, and the engine load turns middle to
heavy, the ECU determines the injection quantity by calculating from the throttle opening (throttle
sensor output voltage) and the engine speed. This method is called α – N method (high-speed
mode).
(*) This depends on the number of stopped cylinders.
3-40 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Main Throttle Sensor (Service Code 11)
Main Throttle Sensor Removal/Adjustment
CAUTION
Do not remove or adjust the main throttle sensor [A]
since it has been adjusted and set with precision at
the factory.
Never drop the sensor, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the sensor can damage it.
Main Throttle Sensor Connector (gray) [B]
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
the main throttle sensor (gray) [A] and con• Disconnect
nect the harness adapter [B] between these connectors.
• Connect a digital meter to the harness adapter lead.
Special Tool - Throttle Sensor
57001–1538
Harness
Adapter
:
the sensor input voltage with the engine stopped
• Measure
and with the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
Main Throttle Sensor Input Voltage
Connections to Adapter
Meter (+) → R (sensor BL) lead
Meter (–) → BK (sensor BR/BK) lead
Standard : 4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If the input voltage is normal, check the sensor output
voltage.
If the input voltage is less than the standard, remove the
ECU and check the wiring between these connectors.
○Disconnect the ECU and sensor connectors.
Wiring Connection
ECU Connector [A] ←→ Throttle Sensor Connector [B]
BL lead (ECU terminal 1)
BR/BK lead (ECU terminal 14)
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-41
Main Throttle Sensor (Service Code 11)
Output Voltage Inspection
the output voltage at the main throttle sensor
• Measure
in the same way as input voltage inspection, Note the
•
following.
Disconnect the main throttle sensor (gray) [A] and connect the harness adapter [B] between these connectors.
Special Tool - Throttle Sensor
57001–1538
Harness
Adapter
:
the engine and warm it up thoroughly.
• Start
• Check idle speed to ensure the throttle opening is correct.
Idle Speed
Standard:
•
•
•
1 100 ± 50 r/min (rpm)
If the idle speed is out of the specified range, adjust it
(see Idle Speed Inspection in the Periodic Maintenance
chapter).
Turn off the ignition switch.
Measure the output voltage of the sensor with the engine
stopped, and with the connector joined.
Turn the ignition switch ON.
Main Throttle Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to Adapter
Meter (+) → W (sensor Y/W) lead
Meter (–) → BK (sensor BR/BK) lead
Standard :
0.99 ∼ 1.03 V DC (at idle throttle opening)
4.19 ∼ 4.39 V DC (at full throttle opening)
If the output voltage is out of the standard, inspect the
main throttle sensor resistance.
If the output voltage is normal, check the wiring for continuity.
Wiring Connection
ECU Connector [A] ←→ Throttle Sensor Connector [B]
Y/W lead (ECU terminal 2)
BR/BK lead (ECU terminal 14)
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
3-42 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Main Throttle Sensor (Service Code 11)
Resistance Inspection
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
the main throttle sensor connector.
• Disconnect
a digital meter [A] to the main throttle sensor
• Connect
connector [B].
• Measure the main throttle sensor resistance.
Main Throttle Sensor Resistance
Connections:
BL lead [C] ←→ BR/BK lead [D]
Standard:
4 ∼ 6 kΩ
If the reading is out of the range, replace the throttle body
assy.
If the reading is within the range, but the problem still
exists, replace the ECU (see this chapter).
A. ECU
I. Main Throttle Sensor
m. Throttle Body Assy Connector
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-43
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor (Service Code 12)
CAUTION
Never drop the sensor, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the part can damage it.
Removal
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System chapter)
•
Water Temperature Sensor Connector [A]
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Bolt [B]
Raise the inlet air pressure sensor [C] and disconnect the
inlet air pressure sensor connector and the vacuum hose
[D].
Front [E]
Installation
NOTE
○The inlet air pressure sensor is the same part as the atmospheric sensor except that the sensor has a vacuum
hose and different wiring.
• Install:
Vacuum Hose
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor
Torque - Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Bolt: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
○The inspection is the same as “Input Voltage Inspection”
of the main throttle sensor or the atmospheric pressure
sensor.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
ECU (see this chapter). Do not disconnect
• the ECU the
connectors.
Connect
a
voltmeter [A] to the connector [B] with
• the needle digital
adapter set.
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
the input voltage with the engine stopped, and
• Measure
with the connectors joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Input Voltage
Connections to ECU
Meter (+)→ BL lead (terminal 1)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Standard:
4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC
If the reading is within the standard range, check the sensor output voltage.
If the reading is less than the standard range, remove the
ECU and check the wiring between these connectors.
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
3-44 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor (Service Code 12)
Output Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○The output voltage changes according to the local atmospheric pressure.
the output voltage at the ECU in the same way
• Measure
as input voltage inspection. Note the following.
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to ECU
Meter (+) → Y/BL lead (terminal 17)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Usable Range:
3.74 ∼ 4.26 V DC at the standard
atmospheric pressure (101.32 kPa,
76 cmHg abs.)
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If the output voltage is within the usable range, check the
ECU for its ground, and power supply (see this chapter).
If the output voltage is out of the usable range, remove
the fuel tank and check the wiring. If the output voltage is
4.8 V, the ECU is normal.
If the wiring is good, check the sensor for various vacuum.
If the output voltage for various vacuum is normal check
the ECU for its ground, and power supply (see ECU section).
Remove the inlet air pressure sensor [A] and disconnect
the vacuum hose from the sensor.
○Do not disconnect the sensor connector.
Connect an auxiliary hose [B] to the inlet air pressure sensor.
Temporarily install the inlet air pressure sensor.
○Connect a commercially available digital meter [C], vacuum gauge [D], the fork oil level gauge [E] and the harness adapter to the inlet air pressure sensor.
•
•
•
Special Tools - Fork Oil Level Gauge: 57001–1290
Sensor Harness Adapter: 57001–1561
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Output Voltage
Connection to Adapter
Meter (+) → BL (sensor Y/BL) lead
Meter (–) → Y/W (sensor BR/BK) lead
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-45
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor (Service Code 12)
○Turn the ignition switch ON.
○Measure the inlet air pressure sensor output voltage from
various vacuum readings, while pulling the handle of the
fork oil level gauge.
○Check the inlet air pressure sensor output voltage, using
the following formula and chart.
Suppose:
Pg : Vacuum Pressure (gauge) to Sensor
Pl : Local Atmospheric Pressure (absolute) measured by
a barometer
Pv : Vacuum Pressure (absolute) to Sensor
Vv : Sensor Output Voltage (v)
then
Pv = Pl – Pg
For example, suppose the following data is obtained:
Pg = 8 cmHg (vacuum gauge reading)
Pl = 70 cmHg (barometer reading)
Vv = 3.2 V (digital volt meter reading)
then
Pv = 70 – 8 = 62 cmHg (abs)
Plot this Pv (62 cmHg) at a point [1] on the chart and draw a
vertical line through the point. Then, you can get the usable
range [2] of the sensor output voltage.
Usable range = 3.04 ∼ 3.49 V
Plot Vv (3.2 V) on the vertical line. → Point [3].
Results: In the chart, Vv is within the usable range and
the sensor is normal.
3-46 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor (Service Code 12)
Pv = 24 ∼ 55 cmHg
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-47
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor (Service Code 12)
Pv = 55 ∼ 86 cmHg
Vv: Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Output Voltage (V) (Digital Meter Reading)
Pv: Throttle Vacuum Pressure (absolute)
Ps: Standard Atmospheric Pressure (absolute)
A. ECU
C. Inlet Air Pressure Sensor
ID: Idling
TO: Throttle Full Open
ST: Standard of Sensor Output Voltage (v)
UR: Usable Range of Sensor Output Voltage (v)
3-48 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor (Service Code 13)
Removal/Installation
CAUTION
Never drop the sensor, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the sensor can damage it.
the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Removal).
• Remove
the connector [A] from the inlet air tempera• Disconnect
ture sensor.
out [B] the inlet air temperature sensor.
• Pull
inlet air temperature sensor into the grommet.
Put
the
• Front [C]
Output Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
○The output voltage changes according to the inlet air
temperature.
the ECU (see this chapter). Do not disconnect
• Remove
the ECU connectors.
a digital voltmeter to the ECU connector, using
• Connect
needle adapter set.
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
the sensor output voltage
• Measure
stopped and the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
with the engine
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to ECU Connector
Meter (+) → Y lead (terminal 18)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Standard:
about 2.25 ∼ 2.50 V at inlet air temperature
20°C (68°F)
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If the output voltage is out of the standard, remove the
fuel tank and check the wiring. And if the output voltage
is 4.8 V, the ECU is normal.
•
If the output voltage is within the standard, check the ECU
for its ground, and power supply (see ECU section in this
chapter).
If the wiring is good, check the sensor resistance.
Remove the needle adapter set, and apply silicone
sealant to the seals of the connector for waterproofing.
Silicone Sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120)
- Seals of ECU Connectors
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-49
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor (Service Code 13)
Sensor Resistance Inspection
the inlet air temperature sensor (see this sec• Remove
tion).
the sensor [A] in a container of machine oil so
• Suspend
that the heat-sensitive portion is submerged.
a thermometer [B] with the heat-sensitive por• Suspend
tion [C] located in almost the same depth with the sensor.
NOTE
○The sensor and thermometer must not touch the container side or bottom.
the container over a source of heat and gradually
• Place
raise the temperature of the oil while stirring the oil gently
•
for even temperature.
Using a digital meter, measure the internal resistance
of the sensor across the terminals at the temperatures
shown in the table.
Inlet Air Temperature Sensor Resistance
Standard: 1.6 ∼ 3.7 kΩ at 20°C (68°F)
0.24 ∼ 0.43 kΩ at 80°C (176°F)
If the measurement is out of the range, replace the sensor.
If the measurement is within the specified, replace the
ECU.
A. ECU
F. Inlet Air Temperature Sensor
3-50 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Water Temperature Sensor (Service Code 14)
Removal/Installation
CAUTION
Never drop the sensor, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the sensor can damage it.
the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Removal).
• Remove
the coolant about 200 mL (6.76 US oz).
• Drain
the sensor connector, and unscrew the water
• Disconnect
temperature sensor [A].
Front [B]
Torque - Water Temperature Sensor: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18
ft·lb)
the engine with coolant and bleed the air from the cool• Fill
ing system (see Coolant Change in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
Output Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ECU (see this chapter). Do not disconnect
• Remove
the connectors.
a digital voltmeter [A] to the ECU connector [B]
• Connect
with the needle adapter set.
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
the sensor output voltage
• Measure
stopped and the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
with the engine
Water Temperature Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to ECU
Meter (+) → O lead (terminal 5)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Standard:
about 2.80 ∼ 2.97 V at 20°C (68°F)
NOTE
○The output voltage changes according to the coolant
temperature in the engine.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If the output voltage is within the standard, check the ECU
for its ground, and power supply (see this chapter).
If the output voltage is out of the standard, remove the
fuel tank and check the wiring. And if the output voltage
is 4.8 V, the ECU is normal.
•
If the wiring is good, check the water temperature sensor
resistance.
Remove the needle adapter set, and apply silicone
sealant to the seals of the connector for waterproofing.
Silicone Sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120)
- Seals of ECU Connectors
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-51
Water Temperature Sensor (Service Code 14)
A. ECU
D. Water Temperature Sensor
V. Coolant Temperature Gauge in Tachometer
Sensor Resistance Inspection
the water temperature sensor (see this section).
• Remove
Refer
to
the
System chapter for water temper• ature sensorElectrical
inspection.
3-52 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor (Service Code 15)
CAUTION
Never drop the sensor, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the sensor can damage it.
NOTE
○The atmospheric pressure sensor is the same part as
the inlet air pressure sensor except that the inlet air
pressure sensor has the vacuum hose and different
wiring.
Removal
the ignition switch off.
• Turn
Remove
seat cover (see Frame chapter).
• Remove the
the atmospheric pressure sensor [A] from the
• rubber damper
in the frame.
Disconnect
the
• Front [B] sensor connector.
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
○The inspection is the same as “Input Voltage Inspection”
of the throttle sensor and the inlet air pressure sensor.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
ECU (see this chapter). Do not disconnect
• the ECU the
connectors.
Connect
a
voltmeter [A] to the connector [B], with
• the needle digital
adapter set.
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
the input voltage with the engine stopped, and
• Measure
with the connectors joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor Input Voltage
Connections to ECU
Meter (+) → BL lead (terminal 1)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Standard:
4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC
If the reading is within the standard range, check the sensor output voltage.
If the reading of input voltage is less than the standard
range, remove the ECU and check the wiring between
these connections.
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-53
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor (Service Code 15)
Output Voltage Inspection
the output voltage at the ECU in the same way
• Measure
as input voltage inspection. Note the following.
Digital Meter [A]
ECU Connector [B]
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to ECU
Meter (+) → G/W lead (terminal 4)
Meter (–) → BR/BK lead (terminal 14)
Usable Range:
3.74 ∼ 4.26 V DC at the standard
atmospheric pressure (101.32 kPa,
76 cmHg abs.)
NOTE
○The output voltage changes according to the local atmospheric pressure.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If the output voltage is within the usable range, check the
ECU for its ground, and power supply (see this chapter).
If the output voltage is out of the standard, remove the
seat cover and check the wiring. And if the output voltage
is 4.8 V, the ECU is normal.
If the wiring is good, check the sensor for various vacuum.
If the output voltage for various vacuum is normal, check
the ECU for its ground, and power supply (see ECU section).
○Determine the local altitude (elevation).
If you know the local atmospheric pressure using a
barometer, substitute the atmospheric pressure for Pv
(throttle vacuum) in the vacuum sensor chart (see inlet
air pressure sensor section in this chapter).
○Get the usable range of the atmospheric pressure sensor
output voltage in the same way as Output Voltage Inspection of the inlet air pressure sensor and check if Va (output
voltage) is within the usable range or not.
If you know the local altitude, use the following chart.
For example:
Suppose the local altitude is 1 300 m (4 265 ft) and the
sensor output voltage Va is 3.3 V.
Plot this H (1 300 m, 4 265 ft) at a point [1] on the following chart and draw a vertical line through the point.
Then, you can get the usable range [2] of the sensor output voltage.
Usable Range = 3.2 ∼ 3.64 V
Plot Va (3.3 V) on the vertical line → Point [3]
Results: In the chart, Va is within the usable range
and the sensor is normal.
3-54 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Atmospheric Pressure Sensor (Service Code 15)
Va: Atmospheric Pressure Sensor Output
Voltage (v)
H: Altitude (m or feet)
A. ECU
E. Atmospheric Pressure Sensor
ST: Standard of Sensor Output Voltage (v)
UR: Usable Range of Sensor Output Voltage (v)
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-55
Crankshaft Sensor (Service Code 21)
Start the engine and switch the diagnosis mode to Dealer
1 mode to know all the problem that the DFI system has at
the time of self-diagnosis. If the engine cannot be started,
the self-diagnosis system does not detect dynamic condition of the crankshaft sensor. In this case, turn off the ignition switch and turn it on again to enter the Dealer 2 mode.
In this mode, the system tells all the troubles which the DFI
system had in both static and dynamic conditions.
Crankshaft Sensor Removal/Installation
the Ignition System section in the Electrical System
• See
chapter.
Crankshaft Sensor Inspection
○The crankshaft sensor has no power source, and when
•
•
the engine stops, the crankshaft sensor generates no signals.
Crank the engine and measure the peak voltage of the
crankshaft sensor (see Electrical System chapter) in order to check the sensor.
Check the wiring for continuity, using the following diagram.
A. ECU
B. Crankshaft Sensor
3-56 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Camshaft Position Sensor (Service Code 23)
Start the engine and switch the diagnosis mode to Dealer
1 mode to know all the problem that the DFI system has at
the time of self-diagnosis. If the engine cannot be started,
the self-diagnosis system does not detect dynamic condition of the camshaft position sensor. In this case, turn off
the ignition switch and turn it on again to enter the Dealer 2
mode. In this mode, the system tells all the troubles which
the DFI system had in both static and dynamic conditions.
Camshaft Position Sensor Removal/Installation
The camshaft position sensor detects the position of the
camshaft, and distinguishes the cylinder.
See the Ignition system section in the Electric System
chapter.
•
Camshaft Position Sensor Inspection
○The camshaft position sensor has no power source, and
•
•
when the engine stops, the camshaft position sensor generates no signal.
Crank the engine and measure the peak voltage of the
camshaft position sensor (see Electrical System chapter)
in order to check the sensor.
Check the wiring for continuity, using the following diagram.
A. ECU
G. Camshaft Position Sensor
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-57
Speed Sensor (Service Code 24, 25)
Speed Sensor Removal/Installation
the Switches and Sensors section in the Electrical
• See
System chapter.
Speed Sensor Inspection
the Switches and Sensors section in the Electrical
• See
System chapter.
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
the speed sensor connector [A] under the left
• Disconnect
side of the air cleaner housing and connect the harness
•
adapter [B] between the harness connector and speed
sensor connector.
Engine Sprocket Cover [C]
Connect a digital meter to the harness adapter leads.
Special Tool - Throttle Sensor Setting Adapter:
57001-1400
the sensor input voltage with
• Measure
stopped, and with the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
the engine
Speed Sensor Input Voltage
Connection to Adapter
Meter (+) → BL (sensor P) lead [C]
Meter (−) → BK/BL (sensor BK) lead [D]
Standard:
•
About 9 ∼ 11 V DC at Ignition switch ON
If the reading is out of the range, check the wiring (see
wiring diagram in this section), and meter (see Electrical
System chapter).
If the reading is good, check the output voltage.
Turn the ignition switch OFF.
Output Voltage Inspection
this inspection, inspect the input voltage (see Input
• Before
Voltage Inspection).
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
• Turn the ignition switch OFF.
3-58 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Speed Sensor (Service Code 24, 25)
the speed sensor connector [A] and connect
• Disconnect
the harness adapter [B] between the harness connector
•
and speed sensor connector.
Engine Sprocket Cover [C]
Connect a digital meter to the harness adapter leads.
Special Tool - Throttle
Sensor
57001–1400
Setting
the sensor output voltage with
• Measure
stopped, and with the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
Adapter:
the engine
Speed Sensor Output Voltage at Sensor
Connections to Adapter
Meter (+) → Y/W (sensor Y) lead [C]
Meter (–) → BK/BL (sensor BK) lead [D]
Standard:
About 0.05 ∼ 0.07 V DC
NOTE
○If you rotate the engine sprocket, the output voltage will
be increased.
If the reading is out of the range, check the speed sensor
operation (see Electrical System chapter) and the wiring
to ECU (see wiring diagram in this section).
If the reading, speed sensor operation and wiring are
good, check the ECU for its ground, and power supply
(see ECU section).
A. ECU
W. Speedometer Unit
H. Speed Sensor
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-59
Vehicle-down Sensor (Service Code 31)
Removal
CAUTION
Never drop the down-sensor, especially on a hard
surface. Such a shock to the sensor can damage it.
• Remove:
Connection and Vehicle-down Sensor [A]
Bolts and Washers [B]
Front [C]
Installation
• The UP mark [A] of the sensor should face upward.
Torque - Vehicle-down Sensor Bolts: 2 N·m (0.2 kgf·m, 17
in·lb)
WARNING
Incorrect installation of the vehicle-down sensor
could cause sudden loss of engine power. The
rider could lose balance during certain riding situations like leaning over in a turn with the potential
for an accident resulting in injury or death. Ensure
that the down sensor is held in place by the sensor
brackets.
Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
a digital volt meter [A] to the connector of the
• Connect
vehicle-down sensor [B] with the needle adapter set [C].
Vehicle-down Sensor Power Source Voltage
Connections to Sensor
Meter (+) → W/Y lead [D]
Meter (–) → BK/Y lead [E]
the ignition switch ON, and measure the power
• Turn
source voltage with the connector joined.
Power Source Voltage at Sensor
Standard: Battery Voltage (12.6 V or more)
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If there is no battery voltage, check the following:
Battery (see Electrical System chapter)
ECU Main Fuse 15 A
Wiring for Vehicle-down Sensor Power Source (see next
diagram)
If the power source is normal, check the output voltage.
3-60 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Vehicle-down Sensor (Service Code 31)
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
sensor.
• Connect athedigital
• dle adapter set [B].volt meter [A] to the connector with neeSpecial Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
Vehicle-down Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to Sensor
Meter (+) → Y/G lead [D]
Meter (–) → BK/Y lead [E]
the sensor vertically.
• Hold
the ignition switch ON, and measure the output volt• Turn
age with the connector joined.
○Tilt the sensor 60 ∼ 70° or more [C] right or left, then hold
the sensor almost vertical with the arrow mark pointed up,
and measure the output voltage.
Output Voltage at Sensor
Standard: with sensor tilted 60 ∼ 70° or more right or
left: 3.7 ∼ 4.4 V
with sensor arrow mark pointed up: 0.4 ∼
1.4 V
NOTE
○If you need to test again, turn the ignition switch OFF,
and then ON.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
needle adapter set, and apply silicone
• sealant tothe
the seals of the connector for waterproofing.
Silicone Sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120)
- Seals of Vehicle-down Sensor Connector
If the output voltage is normal, the wiring is suspect.
Check the wiring.
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
If the output voltage is out of the specified, replace the
vehicle-down sensor.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-61
Vehicle-down Sensor (Service Code 31)
A. ECU
S. ECU Main Relay
T. Ignition Switch
a. ECU Fuse 15A
b. Vehicle-down Sensor
d. Starter Relay
f. Sealed Battery
j. Joint Connector B
k. Main Fuse 30 A
3-62 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Subthrottle Sensor (Service Code 32)
Subthrottle Sensor Removal/Adjustment
CAUTION
Do not remove or adjust the subthrottle sensor [A]
since it has been adjusted and set with precision at
the factory.
Never drop the sensor, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the sensor can damage it.
Subthrottle Sensor Connector (black) [B]
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
the subthrottle sensor (black) [A] and connect
• Disconnect
the harness adapter [B] between these connectors.
• Connect a digital meter to the harness adapter lead.
Special Tool - Throttle Sensor
57001–1538
Harness
Adapter
:
the sensor input voltage with the engine stopped
• Measure
and with the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
Subthrottle Sensor Input Voltage
Connections to Adapter
Meter (+) → R (sensor BL) lead
Meter (–) → BK (sensor BR/BK) lead
Standard : 4.75 ∼ 5.25 V DC
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
If the input voltage is normal, check the sensor output
voltage.
If the input voltage is less than the standard, remove the
ECU and check the wiring between these connectors.
○Disconnect the ECU and sensor connectors.
Wiring Connection
ECU Connector [A] ←→
Subthrottle Sensor Connector [B]
BL lead (ECU terminal 1)
BR/BK lead (ECU terminal 14)
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-63
Subthrottle Sensor (Service Code 32)
Output Voltage Inspection
the throttle body assy (see Throttle Body Assy
• Remove
Removal).
the output voltage at the subthrottle sensor in
• Measure
the same way as input voltage inspection. Note the fol-
•
lowing.
Disconnect the subthrottle sensor (black) [A] and (black)
connect the harness adapter [B] between these connectors.
Special Tool - Throttle Sensor
57001–1538
Harness
Adapter
:
the output voltage of the sensor with the engine
• Measure
stopped, and with the connector joined.
the ignition switch ON.
• Turn
Measure
the output voltage when the subthrottle valve is
• fully opened
or completely closed by hand.
Main Throttle Sensor Output Voltage
Connections to Adapter
Meter (+) → W (sensor BR) lead
Meter (–) → BK (sensor BR/BK) lead
Standard :
0.48 ∼ 0.52 V DC (at idle throttle opening)
3.6 ∼ 3.8 V DC (at full throttle opening)
If the output voltage is out of the standard, inspect the
subthrottle sensor resistance.
If the output voltage is normal, check the wiring for continuity.
Wiring Connection
ECU Connector [A] ←→
Subthrottle Sensor Connector [B]
BR lead (ECU terminal 3)
BR/BK lead (ECU terminal 14)
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
3-64 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Subthrottle Sensor (Service Code 32)
Resistance Inspection
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
the subthrottle sensor connector.
• Disconnect
a digital meter [A] to the subthrottle sensor con• Connect
nector [B].
• Measure the subthrottle sensor resistance.
Throttle Sensor Resistance
Connections: BL lead [C] ←→ BR/BK lead [D]
Standard:
4 ∼ 6 kΩ
If the reading is out of the range, replace the throttle body
assy.
If the reading is within the range, but the problem still
exists, replace the ECU (see this chapter).
A. ECU
J. Subthrottle Sensor
L. Subthrottle Valve Actuator
m. Throttle Body Assy Connector
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-65
Stick Coils (#1, #2, #3, #4: Service Code 51, 52, 53, 54)
Stick
Stick
Stick
Stick
Coil
Coil
Coil
Coil
#1:
#2:
#3:
#4:
Ignition
Ignition
Ignition
Ignition
Coil (Service
Coil (Service
Coil (Service
Coil (Service
Code
Code
Code
Code
51)
52)
53)
54)
Removal/Installation
CAUTION
Never drop the stick coils, especially on a hard surface. Such a shock to the stick coil can damage it.
Ignition System section in the Electrical System
• See
chapter.
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
ECU (see this chapter). Do not disconnect
• the ECU the
connector.
a digital voltmeter [A] as shown, with the needle
• Connect
adapter set [B].
○Measure the input voltage to each primary winding of the
•
stick coils with the engine stopped, and with the connectors joined.
Turn the ignition switch ON.
Stick Coil Input Voltage at ECU
Connections for Stick Coil #1
Meter (+) → BK lead (terminal 39)
Meter (–) → BK/Y lead (terminal 51)
Connections for Stick Coil #2
Meter (+) → BK/G lead (terminal 38)
Meter (–) → BK/Y lead (terminal 51)
Connections for Stick Coil #3
Meter (+) → BK/W lead (terminal 37)
Meter (–) → BK/Y lead (terminal 51)
Connections for Stick Coil #4
Meter (+) → BK/O lead (terminal 52)
Meter (–) → BK/Y lead (terminal 51)
Input Voltage at ECU
Standard:
Battery Voltage (12.6 V or more)
If the reading is out of the standard, check the wiring (see
next wiring diagram).
If the reading is good, the input voltage is normal. Crank
the engine, and check the peak voltage of the stick coils
(see Electrical System chapter) in order to check the primary coils.
3-66 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Stick Coils (#1, #2, #3, #4: Service Code 51, 52, 53, 54)
A. ECU
M. Stick Coils
N. Engine Stop Switch
T. Ignition Switch
X. Ignition Fuse 10 A
Y. Junction Box
d. Starter Relay
e. Joint Connector D
f. Sealed Battery
k. Main Fuse 30 A
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-67
Subthrottle Valve Actuator (Service Code 62)
Subthrottle Valve Actuator Removal
CAUTION
Do not remove the subthrottle valve actuator [A]
since it has been adjusted and set with precision
at the factory.
Never drop the actuator , especially on a hard surface. Such a shock to the actuator can damage it.
Audible Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch ON and ensure that the actuator
• Turn
valves open and close (make light sounds) several times
•
within seconds, and then close at the idle throttle opening
position.
Turn the ignition switch OFF.
If the actuator does not work as described above, do the
visual inspection.
Visual Inspection
the throttle body assy (see Throttle Body Assy
• Remove
Removal).
the ignition switch ON.
• Turn
Check
to see that all the subthrottle valves [A] open and
• close smoothly.
If the subthrottle valves do not operate, check the actuator
internal resistance (see Resistance Inspection).
Resistance Inspection
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
• Removal).the throttle body assy (see Throttle Body Assy
• Disconnect the subthrottle valve actuator connector [A].
a digital meter to the subthrottle valve actuator
• Connect
connector [A].
• Measure the subthrottle valve actuator resistance.
Subthrottle Valve Actuator Resistance
Connections: BK/BL lead [1] ←→ P/BL lead [2]
G lead [3] ←→ W/BL lead [4]
Standard:
About 5 ∼ 7 kΩ
Special Tool - Hand Tester : 57001–1394
If the reading is out of the range, replace the actuator
along with the throttle body assy.
If the reading is within the range, check the input voltage
(see Input Voltage Inspection).
3-68 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Subthrottle Valve Actuator (Service Code 62)
Input Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
• Removal).the throttle body assy (see Throttle Body Assy
the peak voltage adapter [A] and a digital meter
• Connect
[B] to the connector [C], using the needle adapter set [D].
Recommended Tool - Peak Voltage Adapter
Type: KEK-54–9–B
Brand: KOWA SEIKI
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
Subthrottle Valve Actuator Input Voltage
Connections to Harness Connector
(I)
Meter (+) → BK/BL lead [1]
Meter (–) → P/BL lead [2]
(II)
Meter (+) → G lead [3]
Meter (–) → W/BL lead [4]
the actuator input voltage with
• Measure
stopped, and with the connector joined.
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
the engine
Input Voltage at Actuator
Standard: about 8.5 ∼ 10.5 V DC
If the reading is within the standard but the actuator
doesn’t operate, replace it.
If the reading is out of the range, check the wiring to ECU
(see wiring diagram in this section).
If the wiring is good, check the ECU for its ground and
power supply (see ECU section).
A. ECU
J. Subthrottle Sensor
L. Subthrottle Valve Actuator
m. Throttle Body Assy Connector
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-69
FI Indicator LED Light
Inspection Flow Chart
3-70 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
FI Indicator LED Light
LED Light Inspection
the meter unit (see Electrical System chapter).
• Remove
two auxiliary leads, supply battery power to the FI
• Using
indicator LED light [A].
12 V Battery [B]
FI Indicator LED Light Check
Connector:
Meter Connector [C] (disconnected)
Connection:
BR/W Lead Terminal [1] of the Meter
→ Battery (+) Terminal
BR/R Lead Terminal [6] of the Meter
→ Battery (–) Terminal
Criterion:
The LED light should light.
If the LED light does not go on, replace the meter unit.
A. ECU
T. Ignition Switch
U. FI Indicator LED Light
X. Ignition Fuse 10 A
Y. Junction Box
d. Starter Relay
e. Joint Connector D
f. Sealed Battery
k. Main Fuse 30 A
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-71
ECU
CAUTION
Never drop the ECU, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the ECU can damage it.
ECU Identification
○Most countries have their own regulations, so each ECU
has different characteristic. So, do not confuse ECU’s
with each other and use only the ECU’s for your country.
Otherwise, the motorcycle could not clear the regulation.
ECU Identification
Models
CA and US
EUR
AU and MY
Type [A]
TBCF25
TBCF19
TBCF27
Part No. [B]
21175–0007
21175–1097
21175–0006
CA: Canadian Model
US: United States of America Model
EUR: European Model
AU: Australian Model
MY: Malaysian Model
ECU Removal
• Remove:
Front and Rear Seats (see Frame chapter)
Regulator/rectifier [A]
Front [B]
the ECU [A] out along with the harness.
• Take
Disconnect
• Front [C] the ECU lead connectors [B].
ECU Installation
the ECU connectors, noting the length of the
• Connect
locks.
Longer Lock [A]
Shorter Lock [B]
ECU [C]
3-72 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
ECU
If the rubber protector [A] is removed, install it.
ECU [B]
ECU Power Supply Inspection
inspect the terminals [A] of the ECU connectors.
• Visually
If the connector is clogged with mud or dust, blow it off
with compressed air.
Replace the main harness if the terminals of the main
harness connectors are cracked, bent, or otherwise damaged.
Replace the ECU if the terminals of the ECU connectors
are cracked, bent, or otherwise damaged.
the ECU connectors [A] connected, check the fol• With
lowing ground lead for continuity with the ignition Switch
OFF, using a tester and needle adapter set.
ECU Grounding Inspection
26, 50, or 51 (BK/Y)
←→
Terminal
Engine Ground
←→
Battery (–) Terminal: 0 Ω
Battery (–) Terminal: 0 Ω
If no continuity, check the connector, the engine ground
lead, or main harness, and repair or replace them if necessary.
Battery [B]
Tester [C]
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-73
ECU
the ECU power source voltage with a digital meter
• Check
[A].
○Position the terminal in accordance with terminal numbers
of ECU connectors [B] in this chapter figure.
Battery [C]
ECU Power Source Inspection
Meter
between Terminal 13 (W/Y) and
Connections:
Battery (–) Terminal
between Terminal 43 (W/BK) and
Battery (–) Terminal
Ignition switch
OFF:
Terminal 13 (W/Y) : 0 V,
Ignition switch
ON:
Both: Battery Voltage (12.6 V or
more)
Terminal 43 (W/BK) : 12.6 V or more
If the meter does not read as specified, check the following:
Main Fuse 30 A (see Electrical System chapter)
ECU Fuse 15 A (see DFI Power Source section)
ECU Main Relay (see DFI Power Source section)
Power Source Wiring (see wiring diagram below)
If the inspection checks good, the ECU is damaged. Replace the ECU. The ECU itself cannot be checked or serviced.
ECU Power Source Circuit
A. ECU
S. ECU Main Relay
T. Ignition Switch
a. ECU Fuse 15 A
d. Starter Relay
e. Joint Connector C
f. Sealed Battery
j. Joint Connector B
k. Main Fuse 30 A
3-74 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
DFI Power Source
ECU Fuse Removal
to the Electrical System chapter for the ECU fuse
• Refer
removal.
ECU Fuse Installation
•
If a fuse fails during operation, inspect the DFI system to
determine the cause, and then replace it with a new fuse
of proper amperage.
Refer to the Electrical System chapter for the ECU fuse
installation.
ECU Fuse Inspection
to the Electrical System chapter for the ECU Fuse
• Refer
Inspection.
ECU Main Relay Removal
CAUTION
Never drop the relay, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the relay can damage it.
the seat cover (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Remove
the ECU main relay [A] from the tongue of the
• storage compartment
and disconnect the connector.
Front [B]
ECU Main Relay Inspection
the ECU main relay (see above).
• Remove
Connect
hand tester [A] and one 12 V battery [B] to
• the relay the
connector [C] as shown.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Relay Coil Terminals [1] and [2]
Relay Switch Terminals [3] and [4]
Testing Relay
Tester range:
Criteria:
1 Ω range
When battery is connected → 0 Ω
When battery is disconnected → ∞ Ω
If the relay does not work as specified, replace the relay.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-75
Fuel Line
Fuel Pressure Inspection
NOTE
○This inspection can determine which trouble the DFI
system has, mechanical or electrical trouble.
○It is preferable to measure the fuel pressure while running the motorcycle just when trouble occurred in order
to know symptom well.
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Removal).
• Remove
Be
sure
to
a piece of cloth around the pump outlet
• pipe and theplace
delivery pipe.
the fuel pump outlet hose [A].
• Remove
Front [B]
WARNING
Be prepared for fuel spillage; any spilled fuel must
be completely wiped up immediately.
When the fuel hose is disconnected, fuel spills out
from the hose and the pipe because of residual
pressure. Cover the hose connection with a piece
of clean cloth to prevent fuel spillage.
the fuel pressure gauge adapter [A] between the
• Install
fuel pump outlet pipe [B] and the delivery pipe [C].
the pressure gauge [D] to the fuel pressure
• Connect
gauge adapter (right side view).
Special Tools - Oil Pressure Gauge: 57001–125
Fuel Pressure Gauge Adapter: 57001–1417
WARNING
Do not try to start the engine with the fuel hoses
disconnected.
install the fuel tank [E]
• Temporarily,
Clamps [F]
the ignition switch ON. The fuel pump will turn for 3
• Turn
seconds, and then stop.
CAUTION
Do not drive the fuel pump without the fuel in the
fuel tank.
• Measure the fuel pressure with the engine stopped.
Fuel Pressure
Right after Ignition switch ON, with pump running:
Standard:
310 kPa (3.2 kgf/cm², 44 psi)
After 3 seconds from Ignition switch ON,
with pump stopped:
Standard:
290 kPa (3.0 kgf/cm², 43 psi) ,
residual fuel pressure)
The system should hold the residual
pressure about 30 seconds.
3-76 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Line
the engine, and let it idle.
• Start
Measure
the fuel pressure with the engine idling.
•
Fuel Pressure (idling)
Standard: 310 kPa (3.2 kgf/cm², 46 psi)
NOTE
○The gauge needle will fluctuate.
Read the pressure at
the average of the maximum and minimum indications.
•
•
If the fuel pressure is normal, the fuel circulation system
(fuel pump, pressure regulator, and oil passage) is no
faults. Check the DFI electronic control system (injectors,
sensors, crankshaft sensor, and ECU).
If the fuel pressure is much lower than specified, check
the following:
Fuel Pump Inlet Hose Clogging
Fuel Line Leakage
Fuel Pump Operation (check the sound of the pump)
Amount of Fuel Flow (see Fuel Flow Rate Inspection)
If the fuel pressure is much higher than specified, check
the following:
Delivery Pipe Clogging
Injector Clogging
Remove the fuel pressure gauge and adapter.
Install the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Installation).
Fuel Flow Rate Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Make sure the area
is well-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks; this includes any appliance with a pilot
light. Do not smoke. Turn the ignition switch OFF.
Be prepared for fuel spillage; any spilled fuel must
be completely wiped up immediately.
the ignition switch, and engine stop switch OFF.
• Turn
until the engine cools down.
• Wait
Prepare
plastic hose of the inside diameter 7.5 mm
• (0.30 in.)aand
a measuring cylinder.
Remove
the
fuel
tank bolt (see Fuel Tank Removal).
•
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-77
Fuel Line
the fuel tank cap [A] to lower the pressure in the
• Open
tank.
Front [B]
sure to place a piece of cloth around the fuel pump
• Be
outlet hose.
the fuel pump outlet hose [A] from the fuel pump
• Remove
[B] and the delivery pipe [C] (see Fuel Pump Removal).
Front [D]
WARNING
Be prepared for fuel spillage; any spilled fuel must
be completely wiped up immediately.
When the fuel hose is disconnected, fuel spills out
from the hose and the pipe because of residual
pressure. Cover the hose connection with a piece
of clean cloth to prevent fuel spillage.
the plastic hose [A] to the fuel pump outlet pipe.
• Connect
the plastic hose with a clamp [B].
• Secure
Run
the
other side of the plastic hose into the measuring
• cylinder [C].
Front [D]
WARNING
Wipe off spilled out fuel immediately.
Be sure to hold the measuring cylinder vertical.
instal the fuel tank and close the fuel tank
• Temporarily
cap.
the engine stopped, turn the ignition switch ON. The
• With
fuel pump should operate for 3 seconds, and then should
stop. Repeat this several times until the plastic hose is
filled with fuel.
CAUTION
Do not drive the fuel pump without the fuel in the
fuel tank.
the discharge for 3 seconds with the plastic hose
• Measure
filled with fuel.
○Repeat this operation several times.
Amount of Fuel Flow
Standard:
67 mL (2.3 US oz) or more for 3 seconds
•
•
If the fuel flow is much less than the specified, check the
battery condition (see Electrical System chapter). If the
battery is good, replace the fuel pump.
After inspection, install the fuel tank. (see Fuel Tank Installation).
Start the engine and check for fuel leakage.
3-78 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Pump
Fuel Pump Removal
CAUTION
Never drop the fuel pump, especially on a hard surface. Such a shock to the pump can damage it.
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Make sure the area
is well-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks; this includes any appliance with a pilot
light. Do not smoke. Turn the ignition switch OFF.
Disconnect the battery (–) terminal.
To make fuel spillage minimum, draw the fuel out
from the fuel tank when the engine is cold. Be
prepared for fuel spillage; any spilled fuel must be
completely wiped up immediately.
the fuel out from the fuel tank with a commercially
• Draw
available electric pump.
the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Removal).
•○Remove
Be careful of fuel spillage from the fuel tank since fuel still
•
•
•
•
remains in the fuel tank and fuel pump. Plug the fuel pipe
of the fuel tank.
Turn the fuel tank upside down.
Remove the fuel pump inlet hose [A].
Unscrew the fuel pump bolts [B], and take out the fuel
pump [C] and gasket.
Discard the fuel pump gasket.
CAUTION
Do not pull the leads of the fuel pump. If they are
pulled, the lead terminals may be damaged.
Fuel Pump Installation
dirt or dust from the fuel pump [A] by lightly ap• Remove
plying compressed air.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-79
Fuel Pump
• Replace the fuel pump gasket [A] with a new one.
that the fuel pump (–) terminal [A] and band [B] are
• Check
in place.
•
•
•
Front [C]
Apply a non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
the fuel pump bolts.
Tighten the fuel pump bolts to a snug fit, following the
tightening sequence shown.
Following the tightening sequence, tighten the fuel pump
bolts to the specified torque.
Torque - Fuel Pump Bolts: 9.8 N·m (1.0 kgf·m, 87 in·lb)
the pump bolts again to check the tightness in the
• Tighten
order shown.
Operation Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
○Just listen to the pump sound in the fuel tank to confirm
pump operation.
the ignition switch ON and make sure that the fuel
• Turn
pump operates (make light sounds) for 3 seconds, and
•
then stops.
Turn the ignition switch OFF.
If the pump does not work as described above, inspect
the operating voltage.
Operating Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
Remove
the fuel tank bolt and lift up the fuel tank.
•
3-80 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Pump
the hand tester (25 V DC) to the fuel pump con• Connect
nector [A] with needle adapter set.
Front [B]
Special Tools - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
○Measure the operating voltage with the engine stopped,
and with the connector joined.
Turn the ignition switch ON.
○The tester needle should indicate battery voltage for 3
seconds, and then 0 V.
•
Pump Operating Voltage at Pump
Connections to Pump Connectors
Tester (+) → Y/R Lead
Tester (–) → BK/W Lead
Operating Voltage at Pump Connector
Standard:
Battery Voltage (12.6 V or more) for 3
seconds, and then 0 V.
If the reading stays on battery voltage, and never shows
0 V. Check the ECU and fuel pump relay.
If the voltage is in specification, but the pump doesn’t
work, replace the pump.
If there is still no battery voltage, check the pump relay
(see this chapter).
Pressure Regulator Removal
○The pressure regulator [A] is built into the fuel pump [B]
and cannot be removed.
Pump Screen, Fuel Filter Cleaning
○The pump screen [A] and fuel filter [B] are built into the
pump and cannot be cleaned or checked.
If the pump screen or fuel filter is suspected of clogging
or being damaged, replace it with the fuel pump as a set.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-81
Fuel Pump
Fuel Pump Relay Removal
CAUTION
Never drop the relay, especially on a hard surface.
Such a shock to the relay can damage it.
the seat cover (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
the fuel pump relay [A] from the tongue of the
• Remove
storage compartment.
the connector.
• Disconnect
Front [B]
Fuel Pump Relay Inspection
the fuel pump relay (see above).
• Remove
Connect
hand tester [A] and one 12 V battery [B] to
• the relay the
connector [C] as shown.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Relay Coil Terminals [1] and [2]
Relay Switch Terminals [3] and [4]
Testing Relay
Tester range:
Criteria:
1 Ω range
When battery is connected → 0 Ω
When battery is disconnected → ∞ Ω
If the relay does not work as specified, replace the relay.
A. ECU
N. Engine Stop Switch
T. Ignition Switch
X. Ignition Fuse 10 A
Y. Junction Box
Z. Fuel Pump Relay (for fuel
pump and injectors)
d. Starter Relay
f. Sealed Battery
g. Fuel Pump
j. Joint Connector B
k. Main Fuse 30A
3-82 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Injectors
Removal/Installation
• Refer to the Throttle Body Assy Disassembly/Assembly.
Audible Inspection
the engine.
• Start
Apply
of a screwdriver [A] to the injector [C]. Put
• the griptheendtiponto
your ear, and listen whether the injector
is clicking or not.
○A sound scope [B] can also be used.
the same for the other injectors.
• Do
If all the injectors click at a regular intervals, the injectors
are good. The trouble may be related to the fuel line,
requiring fuel pressure inspection (see Fuel Line section
in this chapter).
○The click interval becomes shorter as the engine speed
rises.
If any injector(s) doesn’t click, the DFI circuit or the injector
is suspect. Perform “Power Source Voltage Inspection”,
first.
Power Source Voltage Inspection
the ECU (see ECU section). Do not disconnect
• Remove
the ECU connector.
a digital meter [A] to the ECU connector [B], us• Connect
ing the needle adapter [C].
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
○Measure
•
the power source voltage with the engine
stopped, and with the connector joined.
Turn the ignition switch ON.
Injector Power Source Voltage at ECU
Connections: Meter (+) → W/Y (terminal 13)
Meter (–) → Battery (–) Terminal
Service Limit: Voltage (12.6 V or more)
If the meter doesn’t read as specified, check the following.
Main Fuse 30A (see Electrical System chapter)
Fuel Pump Relay (see DFI Power Source section)
Power Source Wiring (see Wiring diagram below)
○To check the W/R leads between the injector connector
and the fuel pump relay, remove the fuel tank (see Fuel
Tank Removal) and the seat cover (see Frame chapter).
If the power source voltage is normal, check the output
voltage of the injectors.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-83
Fuel Injectors
Output Voltage Inspection
the ignition switch OFF.
• Turn
the ECU (see ECU section).
• Remove
Connect
a digital voltmeter [A] to the ECU connector [B]
• with the needle
adapter set [C].
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
Injector Output Voltage
Connections to Injector #1
Meter (+) → BL/R lead (terminal 36)
Meter (–) → Battery (–) Terminal
Connections to Injector #2
Meter (+) → BL/G lead (terminal 35)
Meter (–) → Battery (–) Terminal
Connections to Injector #3
Meter (+) → BL/BK lead (terminal 49)
Meter (–) → Battery (–) Terminal
Connections to Injector #4
Meter (+) → BL/Y lead (terminal 48)
Meter (–) → Battery (–) Terminal
• Turn the ignition switch ON.
Output Voltage at Injector Connector
Standard:
Battery Voltage (12.6 V or more)
If the output voltage is normal, perform “Injector Signal
Test”.
If the output voltage is out of the standard, turn the ignition
switch OFF, remove the fuel tank, and check the injector
wiring for continuity.
Injector Wiring Inspection
ECU Connector
•
•
Injector Connectors
Terminal 36
→ Injector #1 Terminal (BL/R)
Terminal 35
→ Injector #2 Terminal (BL/G)
Terminal 49
→ Injector #3 Terminal (BL/BK)
Terminal 48
→ Injector #4 Terminal (BL/Y)
If the wiring is good, inspect the resistance of the injectors
(see Injector Resistance Inspection in chapter).
Remove the needle adapter.
Apply silicone sealant to the seals of the ECU connector
for waterproofing.
3-84 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Injectors
Injector Signal Test
two test light sets with male terminals as shown.
• Prepare
of
Rating Bulb [A]: 12 V × 3 ∼ 3.4 W
Terminal Width [B]: 1.8 mm (0.071 in.)
Terminal Thickness [C]: 0.8 mm (0.031 in.)
CAUTION
Do not use larger terminals than specified above. A
larger terminal could damage the injector main harness connector (female), leading to harness repair
or replacement.
Be sure to connect bulbs in series. The bulb works
as a current limiter to protect the solenoid in the
injector from excessive current.
the fuel tank.
• Remove
Remove
connectors
injector [A].
• Connect each test lightfor set
[B] to the injector subharness
• connector [C].
the ignition switch ON.
• Turn
While
the engine with the starter motor, watch
• the testcranking
lights.
If the test lights flicker at regular intervals, the injector
circuit in the ECU, and the wiring are good. Perform the
“Injector Resistance Inspection”.
○Injector signals can be also confirmed by connecting the
hand tester (× 10 V AC) instead of the test light set to
the injector main harness (female) connector. Crank the
engine with the starter motor, and check to see if the hand
oscillates at regular intervals.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If the test light doesn’t flicker (or the tester needle doesn’t
oscillates), check the wiring and connectors again. If the
wiring is good, check the injector voltage. If the wiring is
good, inspect the ECU for its ground and power supply
(see ECU section).
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-85
Fuel Injectors
Injector Resistance Inspection
the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Removal).
• Remove
the connector from the injector [A] (see Throt• Disconnect
tle Body Assy Disassembly/Assembly).
the injector resistance with the hand tester [B].
• Measure
Front [C]
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Injector Resistance
Connections to Injector
Meter (+)
Meter (–)
#1: W/R ←→ BL/R Terminal
#2: W/R ←→ BL/G Terminal
#3: W/R ←→ BL/BK Terminal
#4: W/R ←→ BL/Y Terminal
Standard:
about 11.7 ∼ 12.3 Ω @20°C (68°F)
If the reading is out of the range, perform the “Injector Unit
Test”.
If the reading is normal, perform the “Injector Unit Test”
for confirmation.
Injector Unit Test
two leads [A] and the same test light set [B] as in
• Use
“Injector Signal Test”.
Rating of Bulb [C]: 12 V × (3 ∼ 3.4) W
12 V Battery [D]
CAUTION
Be sure to connect the bulb in series. The bulb
works as a current limiter to protect the solenoid
in the injector from excessive current.
the test light set to the injector [E] as shown.
• Connect
and connect [F] the end of the lead to the battery
• Open
(–) terminal repeatedly. The injector should click.
If the injector does not click, replace the injector.
If the injector clicks, check the wiring again. If the wiring
is good, replace the injector (may be clogged) or ECU.
Injector Fuel Line Inspection
pinching the fuel pump outlet hose joint locks [C]
• While
with fingers, pull the joint out along the delivery pipe (see
Fuel Tank Removal).
Cloth [A]
Pump Outlet Hose Joint [B]
Front [D]
3-86 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Injectors
the injector fuel line for leakage as follows:
•○Check
Connect a commercially available vacuum/pressure
pump [A] to the nipple of the delivery pipe [B] with a
high-pressure fuel hose [C] (both ends connected with
the clamps [D]) as shown.
Torque - Fuel Hose Clamp Screws: 1.5 N·m (0.15 kgf·m, 13
in·lb)
○Apply soap and water solution to the areas [E] as shown.
○Watching the pressure gauge, squeeze the pump lever
[F], and build up the pressure until the pressure reaches
the maximum pressure.
Injector Fuel Line Maximum Pressure
Standard: 300 kPa (3.06 kgf/cm², 43 psi)
CAUTION
During pressure testing, do not exceed the maximum pressure for which the system is designed.
the gauge for at least 6 seconds.
• Watch
If the pressure holds steady, the system is good.
If the pressure drops at once or if bubbles are found in
the area, the line is leaking. Replace the delivery pipe,
injectors and related parts.
○Repeat the leak test, and check the fuel line for no leakage.
Install the pump outlet hose (see Fuel Tank Installation).
Run the hoses correctly (see Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing section in Appendix chapter).
•
•
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-87
Fuel Injectors
A. ECU
K. Fuel Injectors
N. Engine Stop Switch
T. Ignition Switch
X. Ignition Fuse 10 A
Y. Junction Box
Z. Fuel Pump Relay (for fuel
pump an injectors)
d. Starter Relay
e. Joint Connector C
f. Sealed Battery
j. Joint Connector B
k. Main Fuse 30 A
3-88 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Throttle Grip and Cables
Throttle Grip Play Inspection/Adjustment
to the Throttle Control System Inspection in the Pe• Refer
riodic Maintenance chapter.
Choke Lever Operation
○Do not use the choke lever except when the engine has a
starting difficulty like in cold weather (10 °C, 50 °F or below) or at high altitude. The DFI system has an automatic
choke system, using a water temperature sensor, and an
atmospheric pressure sensor, which provide startability.
NOTE
○Pull [A] the choke lever fully when using.
The choke
doesn’t work with the lever knob halfway.
Front [B]
○When flooded,
do not crank the engine with the throttle fully opened like a carburetor. This promotes engine
flooding because more fuel is supplied automatically by
the DFI system.
Choke Lever Play Inspection
the choke lever [A] fully and ensure by your finger
• Push
that the choke cam [B] has the specified play.
Choke Lever Free Play
Standard: 0 ∼ 0.5 mm (0 ∼ 0.02 in.)
[C] the choke lever fully and ensure that the choke
• Pull
cam turns the choke link [D].
Front [E]
If the free play is incorrect, adjust the choke cable.
Choke Lever Play Adjustment
the fuel tank (see this chapter).
• Remove
Loosen
the
[A], and turn the adjuster [B] until the
• cable has thelocknut
proper amount of free play.
the locknut against the adjuster securely.
• Tighten
Front [C]
Cable Removal/Installation
to the Throttle Assy section in this chapter for re• Refer
moval/installation of the throttle cables and choke cable.
Cable Lubrication and Inspection
to the General Lubrication in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance Chapter.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-89
Throttle Body Assy
Idle Speed Inspection/Adjustment
to the Idle Speed Inspection in the Periodic Main• Refer
tenance chapter .
Throttle Bore Cleaning
to the Throttle Control System Inspection in the Pe• Refer
riodic Maintenance chapter.
Engine
Vacuum
Inspection/Adjustment
Synchronization
to the Engine Vacuum Synchronization Inspection
• Refer
in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
High Altitude Performance Adjustment
modification is not necessary in this model since the
• Any
atmospheric pressure sensor senses atmospheric pressure change due to high altitude and the ECU compensates the change.
Throttle Body Assy Removal
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Turn the ignition
switch OFF. Disconnect the battery (–) cable terminal. Do not smoke. Make sure the area is
well-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks; this includes any appliance with a pilot
light.
Be prepared for fuel spillage: any spilled fuel must
be completely wiped up immediately.
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel Tank Removal)
Vacuum Switch Valve Vacuum Hose [A] (from air cleaner
housing [B])
Front [C]
the vacuum hoses from the positions [A] shown.
• Remove
Front [B]
3-90 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Throttle Body Assy
• Loosen:
Throttle Assy Holder Clamp Bolts [A]
Air Cleaner Duct Clamp Bolts [B]
Special Tool - Carburetor Drain Plug Wrench, Hex 3:
57001–1269
• Remove:
Right and Left Side Covers (see Frame chapter)
Coolant Reserve Tank (see Coolant Change in the Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Starter Relay, Junction Box (right)
Crankcase Breather Hose
Right and Left Air Cleaner Housing Mounting Bolts [A]
Front [B]
[A] the air cleaner housing backwards.
• Move
Pull
[B]
the throttle body assy out of the holders [C].
•
• Slide [A] the throttle body assy [B] left and remove it.
the locknut and screw in the throttle cable adjuster
• Loosen
fully to give the cables plenty of play.
the right handlebar switch housing and take out
• Remove
the accelerator cable upper end [A] and the decelerator
cable upper end [B].
Front [C]
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-91
Throttle Body Assy
the bolt [A] and the throttle cable plate [B] from
• Remove
the throttle body front side.
the throttle cable lower ends from the throttle
• Remove
pulley.
• Remove:
Choke Cable Upper End (From choke lever)
•
Choke Cable Lower End [A]
Throttle Body #2 [B]
After removing the throttle body assy, stuff pieces of lint
-free, clean cloth into the throttle body holders.
CAUTION
If dirt gets into the engine, excessive engine wear
and possible engine damage will occur.
Throttle Body Assy Installation
the holder clamp bolts [A] in the direction shown
• Install
with each bolt heads, facing outwards.
•
Cylinder Head [B]
Tighten:
Torque - Throttle Body Assy Holder Clamp Bolts: 2 N·m
(0.2 kgf·m, 17 in·lb)
• Tighten:
Torque - Air Cleaner Duct Clamp Bolts [A]: 2 N·m (0.2
kgf·m, 17 in·lb)
the vacuum hoses as shown in the Cable, Wire, and
• Run
Hose Routing section of the Appendix chapter.
the accelerator cable end [A] and the decelerator cable
• Fit
end [B] into the throttle pulley (front view).
the throttle plate bolt (see Throttle Body Assy Re• Tighten
moval).
• Check fuel leakage from the throttle body assy.
WARNING
Fuel spilled from the carburetors is hazardous.
3-92 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Throttle Body Assy
a thin coating of grease to the throttle cable upper
• Apply
ends.
the upper ends of the throttle cables in the grip (see
• Install
Throttle Body Assy Removal).
the projection [A] of the right switch housing into the
• Fit
hole [B] of the handlebar (front view).
the throttle grip and make sure that the throttle valves
• Turn
move smoothly and return by spring force.
the throttle grip free play (see Throttle Grip Free
• Check
Play Inspection).
WARNING
Operation with an incorrectly routed cable could result in an unsafe riding condition.
• Adjust:
Throttle Grip Free Play
Choke Lever Free Play
Idle Speed
Throttle Body Assy Disassembly
CAUTION
Do not remove, disassemble or adjust the main
throttle sensor [A], subthrottle sensor [B], subthrottle valve actuator [C], throttle link mechanism
[D] and throttle body assy [E], because they are
adjusted or set at the manufacturer. Adjustment
of these parts could result in poor performance,
requiring replacement of the throttle body assy.
the throttle body assy (see Throttle Body Assy
• Remove
Removal).
the lock and disconnect:
• Push
Main Throttle Connector (gray) [A]
Subthrottle Connector (black) [B]
Subthrottle Valve Actuator Connector
CAUTION
Never drop the throttle body assy , especially on a
hard surface. Such a shock to the body assy can
damage it.
the lock and disconnect the injector connectors [A].
• Push
Remove:
• Screws [B]
Delivery Pipe [C] along with harness [D] and injectors
If necessary, cut straps and take the harness off the delivery pipe.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-93
Throttle Body Assy
CAUTION
Never drop the injector, especially on a hard surface. Such a shock to the injector can damage it.
out [A] the injectors along with the delivery pipe [B].
• Pull
If necessary, remove the injectors from the delivery pipe.
Replace the O-rigs of the indicators.
If necessary, cut straps and take the harness off the delivery pipe.
Throttle Body Assy Assembly
○Replace the O-rings [A] of injectors and the seals [B] with
•
•
•
the new ones.
Before assembling, blow away dirt or dust from the throttle
body and delivery pipe by applying compressed air.
Apply engine oil to the new O-rings of each injector [C],
insert them into the delivery pipe [D] and confirm whether
the injectors turn smoothly or not.
Install the injectors along with the delivery pipe assy into
the throttle bodies [E].
Torque - Delivery Pipe Screws: 3.4 N·m (0.35 kgf·m, 30
in·lb)
all the connectors [A], including the subthrot• Connect
tle valve actuator connector [C] and bind the leads with
•
•
straps [B].
Insert the each hoses onto the throttle body fittings.
Install the throttle body assy (see Throttle Body Assy Installation).
3-94 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Air Cleaner
Element Removal/Installation
to the Air Cleaner Element Cleaning in the Periodic
• Refer
Maintenance chapter.
Air Cleaner Oil Draining
A drain hose is connected to the bottom of the air cleaner
to drain water or oil accumulated in the cleaner part.
Visually check the drain hose [A] if the water or oil accumulates.
If any water or oil accumulates in the hose, remove the
plug [B] from the drain hose and drain it.
Front [C]
•
WARNING
Be sure to reinstall the plug in the drain hose after
draining. Oil on tires will make them slippery and
can cause an accident and injury.
Air Cleaner Housing Removal
the engine (see Engine Removal/Installation
• Remove
chapter).
○The throttle body assy is removed during engine removal.
the right and left air cleaner housing bolts.
• Remove
the air cleaner housing [A] forwards and remove it
• Move
from the right side of the frame.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-95
Fuel Tank
Fuel Tank Removal
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Make sure the area
is well-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks; this includes any appliance with a pilot
light. Do not smoke. Turn the ignition switch OFF.
Be prepared for fuel spillage; any spilled fuel must
be completely wiped up immediately.
• Remove:
Rear and Front Seats (see Frame chapter)
California Fuel Return Hose (left, red) [A]
California Fuel Tank Breather Hose (right, blue) [B]
Fuel Tank Bolt [C]
Drain Hose [D]
Disconnect the battery (–) terminal.
•
both ignition switch, and engine stop switch OFF.
• Turn
until the engine cools down.
• Wait
Open
• tank. the fuel tank cap [A] to lower the pressure in the
Front [B]
○During tank removal, keep the tank cap open to release
pressure in the tank. This makes fuel spillage less.
the fuel out from the fuel tank with a commercially
• Draw
available pump [A].
○Use a soft plastic hose [B] as a pump inlet hose in order
to insert the hose smoothly.
○Put the hose through the fill opening [C] into the tank and
draw the fuel out.
Front [D]
WARNING
The fuel could not be removed completely from the
fuel tank. Be careful for remained fuel spillage.
the fuel tank and disconnect the fuel pump lead
• Raise
connector [A] and fuel level sensor lead connector [B].
Front [C]
3-96 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Tank
sure to place a piece of cloth [A] around the fuel hose
• Be
pump outlet joint [B].
pinching the hose joint locks [C] with fingers, pull
• While
the joint out along the delivery pipe.
Front [D]
WARNING
Be prepared for fuel spillage; any spilled fuel must
be completely wiped up immediately.
When the fuel hose is disconnected, fuel spills out
from the hose and the pipe because of residual
pressure. Cover the hose connection with a piece
of clean cloth to prevent fuel spillage.
the fuel tank cap.
• Close
the fuel tank, and place it on a flat surface.
Remove
•
○Do not remove the pump inlet hose [A].
• For California Model, note the following:
CAUTION
For California model, if gasoline, solvent, water or
any other liquid enters the canister, the canister’s
vapor absorbing capacity is greatly reduced. If the
canister does become contaminated, replace it with
a new one.
○Be sure to plug the evaporative fuel return hose to prevent
fuel spilling before fuel tank removal.
WARNING
For California model, be careful not to spill the
gasoline through the return hose. Spilled fuel is
hazardous.
If liquid or gasoline flows into the breather hose, remove
the hose and blow it clean with compressed air (California
model).
○Be careful of fuel spillage from the fuel tank since fuel still
remains in the fuel tank and fuel pump.
WARNING
Store the fuel tank in an area which is well
-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks. Do not smoke in this area. Place the
fuel tank on a flat surface and plug the fuel pipes
to prevent fuel leakage.
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-97
Fuel Tank
Fuel Tank Installation
the above WARNING (see Fuel Tank Removal).
• Note
the hoses correctly (see Appendix chapter).
• Route
Check
the rubber dampers [A] are on the frame and
• the fuelthat
tank.
Front [B]
that the dampers [A] are in place on the fuel tank
• Check
as well.
Front [B]
If the dampers are damaged or deteriorated, replace
them.
If the dampers are damaged or deteriorated, replace
them.
For California Model, note the following:
○To prevent the gasoline from flowing into or out of the
canister, hold the separator perpendicular to the ground.
○Connect the hoses according to the diagram of the system (see Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing section in the
Appendix chapter). Make sure they do not get pinched or
kinked.
○Route hoses with a minimum of bending so that the air or
vapor will not be obstructed.
•
the pump outlet hose joint [A] straight onto the de• Insert
livery pipe [B] until the hose joint clicks [C].
Front [D]
and pull [A] the hose joint [B] back and forth more
• Push
than two times and make sure it is locked and doesn’t
come off. When the hose joint is correctly installed, it
should slide on the delivery pipe about 5 mm (0.2 in.).
WARNING
Make sure the hose joint is installed correctly on the
delivery pipe by sliding the joint, or the fuel could
leak.
•
If it does not slide, reinstall the hose joint.
Connect the fuel pump and the fuel level sensor connectors and the battery (–) lead terminal.
3-98 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Fuel Tank
Fuel Tank and Cap Inspection
inspect the gasket [A] on the tank cap for any
• Visually
damage.
•
Replace the gasket if it is damaged.
Check to see if the water drain pipe [B] and fuel breather
pipe [C] in the tank are not clogged. Check the tank cap
breather also.
If they are clogged, remove the tank and drain it, and then
blow the breather free with compressed air.
CAUTION
Do not apply compressed air to the air vent holes
[D] in the tank cap. This could cause damage and
clogging of the labyrinth in the cap.
Fuel Tank Cleaning
WARNING
Clean the tank in a well-ventilated area, and take
care that there are no sparks or flame anywhere
near the working area. Because of the danger or
highly flammable liquids, do not use gasoline or
low-flash point solvents to clean the tank.
the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Removal).
• Remove
Remove
the
fuel pump inlet hose and the fuel pump (see
• Fuel Pump section
in this chapter).
Pour
some
high
flash-point
into the fuel tank and
• shake the tank to remove dirtsolvent
and fuel deposits.
Draw
the
solvent
out
of
the
fuel
• Dry the tank with compressed air.tank.
• Install the fuel pump (see Fuel Pump Installation).
• Install the fuel tank (see Fuel Tank Installation).
•
FUEL SYSTEM (DFI) 3-99
Evaporative Emission Control System
Parts Removal/Installation
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Turn the ignition
switch OFF. Do not smoke. Make sure the area is
well-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks; this includes any appliance with a pilot
light.
CAUTION
If gasoline, solvent, water or any other liquid enters
the canister, the canister’s vapor absorbing capacity is greatly reduced. If the canister does become
contaminated, replace it with a new one.
prevent the gasoline from flowing into or out of the
• To
canister, hold the separator perpendicular to the ground.
sure to plug the return hose to prevent fuel spilling
• Be
before fuel tank removal.
•
•
If liquid or gasoline flows into the breather hose, remove
the hose and blow it clean with compressed air.
Connect the hoses according to the diagram of the system (see Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing section in the
Appendix chapter). Make sure they do not get pinched or
kinked.
Route hoses with a minimum of bending so that the air or
vapor will not be obstructed.
Canister Installation
to the Evaporative Emission Control System In• Refer
spection in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
Hose Inspection
to the Evaporative Emission Control System In• Refer
spection in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
Separator Inspection
to the Evaporative Emission Control System In• Refer
spection in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
3-100 FUEL SYSTEM (DFI)
Evaporative Emission Control System
Separator Operation Test
WARNING
Gasoline is extremely flammable and can be explosive under certain conditions. Turn the ignition
switch OFF. Do not smoke. Make sure the area is
well-ventilated and free from any source of flame
or sparks; this includes any appliance with a pilot
light.
the hoses to the separator, and install the sepa• Connect
rator on the motorcycle.
the breather hose from the separator, and in• Disconnect
ject about 20 mL of gasoline [A] into the separator [B]
•
•
•
through the hose fitting.
Disconnect the evaporative fuel return hose [C] from the
fuel tank [D].
Run the open end of the return hose into the container
and hold it level with the tank top [E].
Start the engine, and let it idle.
If the gasoline in the separator comes out of the hose, the
separator works well. If it does not, replace the separator
with a new one.
COOLING SYSTEM 4-1
Cooling System
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Coolant Flow Chart.................................................................................................................
Specifications .........................................................................................................................
Special Tool ............................................................................................................................
Coolant ...................................................................................................................................
Coolant Deterioration Inspection.......................................................................................
Coolant Level Inspection...................................................................................................
Coolant Draining ...............................................................................................................
Coolant Filling ...................................................................................................................
Pressure Testing ...............................................................................................................
Cooling System Flushing ..................................................................................................
Coolant Reserve Tank Removal/Installation .....................................................................
Water Pump............................................................................................................................
Water Pump Removal .......................................................................................................
Water Pump Installation ....................................................................................................
Water Pump Inspection.....................................................................................................
Mechanical Seal Replacement .........................................................................................
Radiator ..................................................................................................................................
Radiator Removal .............................................................................................................
Radiator Inspection ...........................................................................................................
Radiator Cap Inspection ...................................................................................................
Radiator Filler Neck Inspection .........................................................................................
Thermostat .............................................................................................................................
Thermostat Removal.........................................................................................................
Thermostat Installation......................................................................................................
Thermostat Inspection ......................................................................................................
Hose and Pipes ......................................................................................................................
Hose Installation ...............................................................................................................
Hose Inspection ................................................................................................................
Radiator Fan Switch, Water Temperature Sensor ..................................................................
Radiator Fan Switch Removal ..........................................................................................
Radiator Fan Switch Installation .......................................................................................
Radiator Fan Switch Inspection ........................................................................................
Water Temperature Sensor Removal................................................................................
Water Temperature Sensor Inspection .............................................................................
4-2
4-4
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-8
4-9
4-9
4-9
4-10
4-10
4-10
4-10
4-10
4-12
4-12
4-13
4-13
4-14
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-15
4-17
4-17
4-17
4-18
4-18
4-18
4-18
4-18
4-18
4
4-2 COOLING SYSTEM
Exploded View
COOLING SYSTEM 4-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
2
0.2
17 in·lb
1
Radiator hose clamp screws
2
Thermostat air bleeder bolt
7.8
0.80
69 in·lb
3
Radiator fan bolts
8.3
0.85
74 in·lb
4
Water pump impeller bolt
9.8
1.0
87 in·lb
5
Water pump cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
6
Water pump drain bolt
11
1.1
95 in·lb
7
Water pipe bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
8
Thermostat housing ground bolt
7
0.7
61 in·lb
9
Thermostat bracket bolt
7
0.7
61 in·lb
10 Radiator upper bolts
7
0.7
61 in·lb
11 Radiator lower bolts
7
0.7
61 in·lb
12 Radiator screen bolt
7
0.7
61 in·lb
13 Coolant reserve tank screws
7
0.7
61 in·lb
14 Radiator fan switch
18
1.8
13
15 Water temperature sensor
25
2.5
18
16. Oil cooler
17. Thermostat
18. To cylinder head
19. To cylinder
20. Mechanical seal
21. Oil pump rotor
G: Apply grease.
Remarks
in/outlet
4-4 COOLING SYSTEM
Coolant Flow Chart
COOLING SYSTEM 4-5
Coolant Flow Chart
1. Drain Bolt
2. Water Pump
3. Cylinder Jacket
4. Cylinder Head Jacket
5. Thermostat Housing
6. Thermostat Air Bleeder
Bolt
7. Radiator Cap
8. Radiator
9. Oil Filter
10. Outlet Hose
11. Inlet Hose
12. Oil Cooler
13. Reserve Tank
14. Reserve Tank Hose
15. Reserve Tank Overflow
Hose
16. Radiator Fan
17. Water Temperature Sensor
18. Radiator Fan Switch
19. Hot Coolant
20. Cold Coolant
21. Front
Permanent type antifreeze is used as a coolant to protect the cooling system from rust and corrosion.
When the engine starts, the water pump turns and the coolant circulates.
The thermostat is a wax pellet type which opens or closes with coolant temperature changes. The
thermostat continuously changes its valve opening to keep the coolant temperature at the proper level.
When coolant temperature is less than 55 ° (131 °F), the thermostat closes so that the coolant flow
is restricted through the air bleeder hole, causing the engine to warm up more quickly. When coolant
temperature is more than 58 ∼ 62 °C (136 ∼ 144 °F), the thermostat opens and the coolant flows.
When the coolant temperature goes up beyond 93 ∼ 103 °C (199 ∼ 217 °F), the radiator fan switch
conducts to operate the radiator fan. The radiator fan draws air through the radiator core when there
is not sufficient air flow such as at low speeds. This increases up the cooling action of the radiator.
When the temperature is below 85 ∼ 100 °C (185 ∼ 212 °F), the fan switch opens and the radiator fan
stops.
In this way, this system controls the engine temperature within narrow limits where the engine operates most efficiently even if the engine load varies.
The system is pressurized by the radiator cap to suppress boiling and the resultant air bubbles
which can cause engine overheating. As the engine warms up, the coolant in the radiator and the
water jacket expands. The excess coolant flows through the radiator cap and hose to the reserve tank
to be stored there temporarily. Conversely, as the engine cools down, the coolant in the radiator and
the water jacket contracts, and the stored coolant flows back to the radiator from the reserve tank.
The radiator cap has two valves. One is a pressure valve which holds the pressure in the system
when the engine is running. When the pressure exceeds 93 ∼ 123 kPa (0.95 ∼ 1.25 kgf/cm², 13.5
∼ 17.8 psi), the pressure valve opens and releases the pressure to the reserve tank. As soon as
pressure escapes, the valve closes, and keeps the pressure at 93 ∼ 123 kPa (0.95 ∼ 1.25 kgf/cm²,
13.5 ∼ 17.8 psi). When the engine cools down, another small valve (vacuum valve) in the cap opens.
As the coolant cools, the coolant contracts to form a vacuum in the system. The vacuum valve opens
and allows the coolant from the reserve tank to enter the radiator.
4-6 COOLING SYSTEM
Specifications
Item
Standard
Coolant provided when shipping:
Type (recommended)
Permanent type of antifreeze (soft water and ethylene
glycol plus corrosion and rust inhibitor chemicals for
aluminum engines and radiators)
Color
Green
Mixed ratio
Soft water 50%, coolant 50%
Freezing point
– 35°C (– 31°F)
Total amount
2.9 L (3.1 US qt)
(reserve tank full level, including radiator and engine)
Radiator cap
Relief pressure
93 ∼ 123 kPa (0.95 ∼ 1.25 kgf/cm², 13.5 ∼ 17.8 psi)
Thermostat:
Valve opening temperature
58 ∼ 62°C (136 ∼ 144°F)
Valve full opening lift
8 mm (0.31 in.) or more @75°C (167°F)
COOLING SYSTEM 4-7
Special Tool
Bearing Driver Set:
57001–1129
Bearing Driver:
57001–382
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
4-8 COOLING SYSTEM
Coolant
Coolant Deterioration Inspection
the left side cover (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
inspect
the coolant [A] in the reserve tank.
• Visually
Front [B]
If whitish cotton-like wafts are observed, aluminum parts
in the cooling system are corroded. If the coolant is
brown, iron or steel parts are rusting. In either case, flush
the cooling system.
If the coolant gives off an abnormal smell, check for a
cooling system leak. It may be caused by exhaust gas
leaking into the cooling system.
Coolant Level Inspection
NOTE
○Check the level when the engine is cold (room or ambient temperature).
the coolant level in the reserve tank [A] with the
• Check
motorcycle held perpendicular (Do not use the sidestand).
If the coolant level is lower than the “L” level line [B], unscrew the reserve tank cap and add coolant to the “F”
level line [C].
“L”: low
“F”: full
Front [D]
CAUTION
For refilling, add the specified mixture of coolant
and soft water. Adding water alone dilutes the
coolant and degrades its anticorrosion properties.
The diluted coolant can attack the aluminum engine parts. In an emergency, soft water alone can
be added. But the diluted coolant must be returned
to the correct mixture ratio within a few days.
If coolant must be added often or the reservoir tank
has run completely dry, there is probably leakage in
the cooling system. Check the system for leaks.
Coolant ruins painted surfaces. Immediately wash
away any coolant that spills on the frame, engine,
wheels or other painted parts.
Coolant Draining
to the Coolant Change in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
Coolant Filling
to the Coolant Change in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
COOLING SYSTEM 4-9
Coolant
Pressure Testing
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
the radiator cap, and install a cooling system
• Remove
pressure tester [A] on the filler neck [B].
NOTE
○Wet the cap sealing surfaces with water or coolant to
prevent pressure leaks.
up pressure in the system carefully until the pres• Build
sure reaches 123 kPa (1.25 kgf/cm², 17.8 psi).
CAUTION
During pressure testing, do not exceed the pressure for which the system is designed. The maximum pressure is 123 kPa (1.25 kgf/cm², 17.8 psi).
the gauge for at least 6 seconds.
• Watch
If the pressure holds steady, the system is all right.
•
If the pressure drops and no external source is found,
check for internal leaks. Droplets in the engine oil indicate
internal leakage. Check the cylinder head gasket and the
water pump.
Remove the pressure tester, replenish the coolant, and
install the radiator cap.
Cooling System Flushing
Over a period of time, the cooling system accumulates
rust, scale, and lime in the water jacket and radiator. When
this accumulation is suspected or observed, flush the cooling system. If this accumulation is not removed, it will clog
up the water passage and considerable reduce the efficiency of the cooling system.
Drain the cooling system (see Coolant Change in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
Fill the cooling system with fresh water mixed with a flushing compound.
•
•
CAUTION
Do not use a flushing compound which is harmful to
the aluminum engine and radiator. Carefully follow
the instructions supplied by the manufacturer of the
cleaning product.
up the engine, and run it at normal operating tem• Warm
perature for about ten minutes.
the engine, and drain the cooling system.
• Stop
Fill
the
with fresh water.
• Warm upsystem
engine and drain the system.
• Repeat thetheprevious
steps once more.
• Fill the system with atwo
permanent
type coolant and bleed
• the air from the system (see Coolant
Change in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
Coolant Reserve Tank Removal/Installation
coolant reserve tank is removed and installed dur• The
ing coolant change (see Coolant Change in the Periodic
Maintenance chapter).
4-10 COOLING SYSTEM
Water Pump
Water Pump Removal
to Oil Pump Removal in the Engine Lubrication Sys• Refer
tem chapter.
Water Pump [A]
Front [B]
Water Pump Installation
to Oil Pump Installation in the Engine Lubrication
• Refer
System chapter.
Water Pump Inspection
the drainage outlet passage [A] at the bottom of
• Check
the water pump body for coolant leaks.
If the mechanical seal is damaged, the coolant leaks
through the seal and drains through the passage. Replace the mechanical seal in the water pump body (see
this section).
Front [B]
inspect the water pump impeller [A].
• Visually
If the surface is corroded or if the blades are damaged,
replace the impeller.
Water Pump Body [B]
Mechanical Seal Replacement
the water pump body [A] (see Oil Pump Removal
• Remove
in the Engine Lubrication System chapter).
a metal rod [B] into the water pump body and
• Insert
tap evenly around the mechanical seal [C] until the seal
•
•
comes off.
Replace the mechanical seal with a new one.
Using a thin-bladed screwdriver, pry out the oil seal [D].
COOLING SYSTEM 4-11
Water Pump
sure to replace the mechanical seal, oil seal, and O
• Be
-ring with new ones because these parts will be damaged
•
•
•
•
by removal.
Apply plenty of high temperature grease to the oil seal
lips.
Apply oil to the outer circumference of the oil seal.
Press the oil seal [A] into the water pump body [B] with
the bearing driver [C] so that the spring side [D] of the
seal lips is toward the inside of the water pump body.
Press the oil seal until it bottoms out.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129
NOTE
○Since the replacement mechanical seal has an adhesive coated body, do not apply a liquid gasket to the
exterior surface of the body.
the flange [A] of the mechanical seal, using a collar
• Press
[B] and a bearing driver [C] until the seal flange touches
the step.
Collar Inside Dia. :
26.5 mm (1.043 in.) ∼ 28 mm (1.102 in.)
Collar Outside Dia. :
31.7 mm (1.248 in.) or more
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129
both sliding surfaces of a new mechanical seal with
• Clean
a high-flash point solvent (e.g. ethyl alcohol), and apply a
•
little coolant to the sliding surface to give the mechanical
seal initial lubrication.
Apply coolant to the surface of the rubber seal [A] and
sealing seat [B], and press [C] the rubber seal and sealing
seat into the impeller by hand until the seat bottoms out.
Torque - Water Pump Impeller Bolt: 9.8 N·m (1.0 kgf·m, 87
in·lb)
4-12 COOLING SYSTEM
Radiator
Radiator Removal
WARNING
The radiator fan is connected directly to the battery. The radiator fan may start even if the ignition
switch is off. NEVER TOUCH THE RADIATOR FAN
UNTIL THE RADIATOR FAN CONNECTOR IS DISCONNECTED. TOUCHING THE FAN BEFORE THE
CONNECTOR IS DISCONNECTED COULD CAUSE
INJURY FROM THE FAN BLADES.
the coolant (see Coolant Change in the Periodic
• Drain
Maintenance chapter).
• Remove:
Right Radiator Cover [A] and Screws [B]
Lower Bolt [C]
Bolt and Bracket [D] (from cylinder)
Right Radiator Upper Bolt [E]
Left Radiator Cover
Front [F]
• Remove:
Right Radiator Hose [A] and Oil Cooler Hose [B]
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Radiator Fan Motor Connector [A] (BL/W, BK/Y leads)
Front [B]
• Remove:
Fan Switch Lead Connector [A]
•
Left Radiator Hose [B]
Horn and Connectors [C]
Left Radiator Upper Bolt [D]
Remove the radiator.
CAUTION
Do not touch the radiator core. This could damage
the radiator fins, resulting in loss of cooling efficiency.
COOLING SYSTEM 4-13
Radiator
necessary, remove:
• IfRadiator
Fan Mounting Bolts [A]
Radiator Fan [B]
Radiator Inspection
the radiator core.
• Check
If there are obstructions to air flow, remove them.
If the corrugated fins [A] are deformed, carefully
straighten them.
If the air passages of the radiator core are blocked more
than 20 % by unremovable obstructions or irreparably deformed fins, replace the radiator with a new one.
CAUTION
When cleaning the radiator with steam cleaner, be
careful of the following to prevent radiator damage:
Keep the steam gun [A] away more than 0.5 m (1.6
ft) [B] from the radiator core.
Hold the steam gun perpendicular [C] (not oblique
[D]) to the core surface.
Run the steam gun, following the core fin direction.
Radiator Cap Inspection
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
•
Radiator Cap
Check the condition of the bottom valve seal [A] and top
[B] valve seals and valve spring [C].
If any one of them shows visible damage, replace the cap
with a new one.
4-14 COOLING SYSTEM
Radiator
• Install the cap [A] on a cooling system pressure tester [B].
NOTE
○Wet the cap sealing surfaces with water or coolant to
prevent pressure leaks.
the pressure gauge, pump the pressure tester
• Watching
to build up the pressure until the relief valve opens: the
gauge needle flicks downward. Stop pumping and measure leak time at once. The relief valve must open within
the specified range in the table below and the gauge hand
must remain within the same range at least 6 seconds.
Radiator Cap Relief Pressure
Standard: 93 ∼ 123 kPa
(0.95 ∼ 1.25 kgf/cm², 13.5 ∼ 17.8 psi)
If the cap cannot hold the specified pressure or if it holds
too much pressure, replace it with a new one.
Radiator Filler Neck Inspection
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
the radiator cap.
• Remove
Check
the
filler neck for signs of damage.
• Check the radiator
condition
the top and bottom sealing seats
• [A] in the filler neck. ofThey
must be smooth and clean for
the radiator cap to function properly.
Front [B]
COOLING SYSTEM 4-15
Thermostat
Thermostat Removal
• Remove:
Coolant : Drain about 200 mL
•
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Thermostat Bracket Bolt [A]
Water Temperature Sensor Connector [B]
Three Water Hoses [C]
Remove the thermostat housing [D].
Front [E]
the screws [A], take off the cap [B], and take out
• Remove
the thermostat.
Thermostat Installation
the thermostat [A] in the housing so that the air
• Install
bleeder hole [B] is on top.
a new O-ring into the housing.
• Install
Fill
the
with coolant (see Coolant Change in the
• Periodicradiator
Maintenance chapter).
Thermostat Inspection
the thermostat, and inspect the thermostat valve
• Remove
[A] at room temperature.
If the valve is open, replace the thermostat with a new
one.
4-16 COOLING SYSTEM
Thermostat
check valve opening temperature, suspend the ther• To
mostat [A] in a container of water and raise the temperature of the water.
○The thermostat must be completely submerged and must
not touch the container sides or bottom. Suspend an accurate thermometer [B] in the water so that the heat sensitive portions [C] are located in almost the same depth.
It must not touch the container, either.
If the measurement is out of the specified range, replace
the thermostat with a new one.
Thermostat Valve Opening Temperature
58 ∼ 62°C (136 ∼ 144°F)
COOLING SYSTEM 4-17
Hose and Pipes
Hose Installation
the hoses and pipes, being careful to follow bend• Install
ing direction. Avoid sharp bending, kinking, flattening or
twisting.
Run the hoses in accordance with the Cable, Wire, and
Hose Routing section in the Appendix chapter.
Wet the internal diameter of both ends of the water hose
with water or coolant and install the hose onto the pipe.
Install the clamp [A] as near as possible to the hose end
to clear the raised rib of the fitting. This will prevent the
hoses from working loose.
○The clamp screws should be positioned correctly to prevent the clamps from contacting the other parts.
•
•
•
Torque - Hose Clamp Screws: 2.0 N·m (0.2 kgf·m, 17 in·lb)
Hose Inspection
to the Cooling System in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
4-18 COOLING SYSTEM
Radiator Fan Switch, Water Temperature Sensor
CAUTION
The fan switch or the water temperature sensor
should never be allowed to fall on a hard surface.
Such a shock to their parts can damage them.
Radiator Fan Switch Removal
the coolant (see Coolant Change in the Periodic
• Drain
Maintenance chapter).
the screws [A] and take off the left radiator cover
• Remove
[B].
• Remove:
Radiator Fan Switch Lead Connector [A]
Radiator Fan Switch [B]
Radiator Fan Switch Installation
• Tighten:
Torque - Radiator Fan Switch : 18 N·m (1.8 kgf·m, 13 ft·lb)
the coolant and bleed the air from cooling system (see
• Fill
Coolant Change in the Periodic Maintenance chapter ).
Radiator Fan Switch Inspection
• Refer to the Electrical System chapter for its inspections.
Water Temperature Sensor Removal
to the Fuel System (DFI) chapter.
• Refer
Water Temperature Sensor [A]
Front [B]
Water Temperature Sensor Inspection
to the Electrical System chapter for the water Tem• Refer
perature Sensor Inspection.
ENGINE TOP END 5-1
Engine Top End
Table of Contents
Exploded View...................................
Specifications ....................................
Special Tools and Sealant .................
Clean Air System...............................
Air Suction Valve Removal...........
Air Suction Valve Installation........
Air Suction Valve Inspection ........
Vacuum Switch Valve Removal ...
Vacuum Switch Valve Installation
Vacuum Switch Valve Test ...........
Clean Air System Hose
Inspection..................................
Cylinder Head Cover .........................
Cylinder Head Cover Removal ....
Cylinder Head Cover Installation .
Camshaft Chain Tensioner ................
Camshaft Chain Tensioner
Removal ....................................
Camshaft Chain Tensioner
Installation .................................
Camshaft, Camshaft Chain ...............
Camshaft Removal ......................
Camshaft Installation ...................
Camshaft, Camshaft Cap Wear ...
Camshaft Runout .........................
Cam Wear....................................
Camshaft Chain Removal ............
Cylinder Head....................................
Cylinder Compression
Measurement ............................
Cylinder Head Removal ...............
Cylinder Head Installation ............
5-2
5-6
5-8
5-10
5-10
5-10
5-10
5-10
5-10
5-11
5-11
5-12
5-12
5-12
5-14
5-14
5-14
5-15
5-15
5-15
5-17
5-17
5-17
5-18
5-19
5-19
5-20
5-20
Cylinder Head Warp.....................
Valves ................................................
Valve Clearance Inspection .........
Valve Clearance Adjustment........
Valve Removal .............................
Valve Installation ..........................
Valve Guide Removal ..................
Valve Guide Installation ...............
Valve-to-Guide Clearance
Measurement (Wobble
Method) .....................................
Valve Seat Inspection ..................
Valve Seat Repair ........................
Cylinder, Pistons................................
Cylinder Removal.........................
Cylinder Installation......................
Piston Removal............................
Piston Installation.........................
Cylinder Wear ..............................
Piston Wear .................................
Piston Ring, Piston Ring Groove
Wear..........................................
Piston Ring Groove Width............
Piston Ring Thickness .................
Piston Ring End Gap ...................
Throttle Body Holder..........................
Throttle Body Holder Installation..
Muffler................................................
Muffler Body Removal..................
Exhaust Pipe Removal.................
Muffler Body and Exhaust Pipe
Installation .................................
5-21
5-22
5-22
5-22
5-22
5-22
5-22
5-23
5-23
5-24
5-24
5-29
5-29
5-29
5-29
5-30
5-31
5-31
5-31
5-32
5-32
5-32
5-33
5-33
5-34
5-34
5-34
5-34
5
5-2 ENGINE TOP END
Exploded View
ENGINE TOP END 5-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Air suction valve cover bolts
10
1.0
87 in·lb
2
Cylinder head cover bolts
10
1.0
87 in·lb
3
Camshaft cap bolts (L=45 mm)
12
1.2
104 in·lb
4
Camshaft cap bolts (L=40 mm)
12
1.2
104 in·lb
5
Cylinder head bolts (M10 new bolts)
54
5.5
40
Remarks
MO, S
(Washer)
5
Cylinder head bolts (M10 used bolts)
49
5.0
36
MO, S
(Washer)
6
Cylinder head bolts (M6)
12
1.2
104 in·lb
S
7
Cylinder head jacket plugs
22
2.2
16
L
8
Throttle body holder bolts
13
1.3
113 in·lb
9
Throttle body holder clamp screws
2.0
0.2
17 in·lb
10 Camshaft sensor bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
11 Camshaft sensor rotor bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
12 Front camshaft chain guide bolts (upper)
25
2.5
18
13 Front camshaft chain guide bolts (lower)
12
1.2
104 in·lb
14 Rear camshaft chain guide bolts
25
2.5
18
15 Camshaft chain tensioner mounting bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
16 Camshaft chain tensioner cap bolt
28
2.9
21
17 Spark plugs
13
1.3
113 in·lb
18: Closed coil end faces downward.
EO: Apply engine oil.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
M: Apply molybdenum disulfide grease.
MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide oil.
(mixture of the engine oil and molybdenum disulfide grease in a weight ratio 10:1)
R: Replacement Parts
S: Follow the specific tightening sequence.
SS: Apply silicone sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120).
CAL: California model
L
5-4 ENGINE TOP END
Exploded View
ENGINE TOP END 5-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Coolant Drain Plug (Cylinder)
10
1.0
87 in·lb
2
Exhaust pipe manifold holder nuts
17
1.7
12
3
Muffler body clamp bolts
17
1.7
12
4
Muffler body mounting bolts and nuts
34
35
25
5
Crankshaft sensor cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
Remarks
6: "R" marked side faces up.
7. "RN" marked side faces up.
8. Hollow mark faces forward.
EO: Apply engine oil.
R: Replacement Parts
Exhaust System
UK: U.K. Model
Full: Full Power
[A] Manifold Mark Position
○The silencer mark position is outside of the
lower silencer.
78.2: Horsepower 78.2 kW (106.3 ps)
H: Honeycomb Type Catalyst
5-6 ENGINE TOP END
Specifications
Item
Clean Air System:
Vacuum switch valve closing
pressure:
Camshafts:
Cam height:
Exhaust
Inlet
Camshaft journal, camshaft cap
clearance
Camshaft journal diameter
Camshaft bearing inside diameter
Camshaft runout
Cylinder Head:
Cylinder compression
Valve head thickness:
0.028 ∼ 0.071 mm
(0.0011 ∼ 0.0028 in.)
23.950 ∼ 23.972 mm
(0.9429 ∼ 0.9438 in.)
24.000 ∼ 24.021 mm
(0.9449 ∼0.9457 in.)
TIR 0.02 mm (0.0008 in.) or less
0.22 ∼ 0.31 mm (0.0087 ∼ 0.0122 in.)
0.15 ∼ 0.24 mm (0.0059 ∼ 0.0094 in.)
0.8 mm (0.031 in.)
Inlet
0.5 mm (0.020 in.)
TIR 0.01 mm (0.0004 in.) or less
Exhaust
Inlet
Valve guide inside
diameter:
36.146 ∼ 36.254 mm
(1.4231 ∼ 1.4273 in.)
36.746 ∼ 36.854 mm
(1.4467 ∼ 1.4509 in.)
Exhaust
Inlet
Exhaust
Valve stem bend
Valve stem diameter:
Open → Close
45 ∼ 53 kPa
(340 ∼ 400 mmHg, 6.5 ∼ 7.7 psi)
(usable range)
1 070 ∼ 1 620 kPa (10.9 ∼ 16.5 kgf/cm²,
155 ∼ 235 psi) @320 r/min (rpm)
---
Cylinder head warp
Valves:
Valve clearance:
Standard
4.455 ∼ 4.470 mm
(0.1754 ∼ 0.1760 in.)
4.475 ∼ 4.490 mm
(0.1762 ∼ 0.1768 in.)
Exhaust
4.500 ∼ 4.512 mm
Inlet
(0.1772 ∼ 0.1776 in.)
4.500 ∼ 4.512 mm
(0.1772 ∼ 0.1776 in.)
Service Limit
- - -
36.05 mm
(1.419 in.)
36.65 mm
(1.443 in.)
0.16 mm
(0.0063 in.)
23.92 mm
(0.942 in.)
24.08 mm
(0.948 in.)
TIR 0.1 mm
(0.004 in.)
- - 0.05 mm
(0.002 in.)
- - - - 0.4 mm
(0.016 in.)
0.25 mm
(0.0098 in.)
TIR 0.05 mm
(0.02 in.)
4.44 mm
(0.175 in.)
4.46 mm
(0.176 in.)
4.58 mm
(0.180 in.)
4.58 mm
(0.180 in.)
ENGINE TOP END 5-7
Specifications
Item
Valve/valve guide clearance
(wobble method):
Exhaust
Inlet
Valve seat cutting angle
Valve seating surface:
Width:
Exhaust
Inlet
Outside diameter:
Exhaust
Inlet
Valve spring free length: Exhaust
Inlet
Cylinder, Piston:
Cylinder inside diameter
Standard
0.09 ∼ 0.18 mm
(0.0035 ∼ 0.0071 in.)
0.03 ∼ 0.12 mm
(0.0012 ∼ 0.0047 in.)
45°, 32°, 60°
0.40 mm
(0.016 in.)
0.33 mm
(0.013 in.)
- - -
0.8 ∼ 1.2 mm (0.031 ∼ 0.047 in.)
0.5 ∼ 1.0 mm (0.020 ∼ 0.039 in.)
25.2 ∼ 25.4 mm (0.992 ∼ 1.000 in.)
29.4 ∼ 29.6 mm (1.1575 ∼ 1.1654 in.)
39.0 mm (1.535 in.)
- - - - - - - - 37.4 mm
(1.472 in.)
37.4 mm
(1.472 in.)
39.0 mm (1.535 in.)
77.194 ∼ 77.206 mm
(3.0391 ∼ 3.0396 in.)
77.174 ∼ 77.184 mm
(3.0383 ∼ 3.0389 in.)
Piston diameter
Piston/cylinder
clearance
Service Limit
0.010 ∼ 0.037 mm
77.30 mm
(3.0433 in.)
77.02 mm
(3.0323 in.)
- - -
(0.0004 ∼ 0.0015 in.)
Piston ring/groove
clearance:
Top
Second
Piston ring groove width: Top
Second
Piston ring thickness:
Top
Second
Piston ring end gap:
Top
Second
0.04 ∼ 0.08 mm
(0.0016 ∼ 0.0031 in.)
0.03 ∼ 0.07 mm
(0.0012 ∼ 0.0028 in.)
0.83 ∼ 0.85 mm
(0.0327 ∼ 0.0335 in.)
0.82 ∼ 0.84 mm
(0.0323 ∼0.0331 in.)
0.77 ∼ 0.79 mm
(0.0303 ∼ 0.0311 in.)
0.77 ∼ 0.79 mm
(0.0303 ∼ 0.0311 in.)
0.20 ∼ 0.30 mm
(0.0079 ∼ 0.0118 in.)
0.35 ∼ 0.50 mm
(0.0138 ∼ 0.0197 in.)
0.18 mm
(0.0071 in.)
0.17 mm
(0.0067 in.)
0.93 mm
(0.037 in.)
0.92 mm
(0.036 in.)
0.70 mm
(0.028 in.)
0.70 mm
(0.028 in.)
0.6 mm
(0.024 in.)
0.8 mm
(0.031 in.)
5-8 ENGINE TOP END
Special Tools and Sealant
Compression Gauge:
57001–221
Valve Seat Cutter, 32° 57001–1119
28:
Valve Spring Compressor Assembly:
57001–241
Valve Seat Cutter, 32° 57001–1120
30:
Piston Pin Puller Assembly:
57001–910
Valve Seat Cutter, 60° 57001–1123
30:
Valve Seat Cutter, 45° 57001–1114
27.5:
Valve Seat Cutter Holder Bar:
57001–1128
Valve Seat Cutter, 45° 57001–1115
32:
Valve Spring Compressor Adapter,
57001–1154
20:
ENGINE TOP END 5-9
Special Tools and Sealant
Valve Spring Compressor Adapter,
57001–1202
22:
Valve Seat Cutter Holder,
57001–1330
4.5:
Spark Plug Wrench, Hex 16:
57001–1262
Valve Guide Reamer,
57001–1333
Fork Oil Level Gauge:
57001–1290
Valve Seat Cutter, 60° 57001–1334
Compression Gauge Adapter, M10 × 1.0:
57001–1317
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
Valve Guide Arbor,
57001–1331
4.5:
4.5:
33:
5-10 ENGINE TOP END
Clean Air System
Air Suction Valve Removal
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Connector [A] (from Clamp [B])
Air Suction Valve Cover Bolts [C] and Clamp
Air Suction Valve Cover [D]
Air Suction Valve
Air Suction Valve Installation
the air suction valve [A] so that its wider side [B] of
• Install
the reed valve case faces the front.
• Tighten:
Torque - Air Suction Valve Cover Bolts: 9.8 N·m (1.0 kgf·m,
87 in·lb)
Air Suction Valve Inspection
to the Engine Top End in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
Vacuum Switch Valve Removal
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Vacuum Switch Valve [A]
Vacuum Switch Valve Installation
the vacuum switch valve so that the vacuum fitting
• Install
[A] faces left side.
• Route the hoses correctly (see Appendix chapter).
ENGINE TOP END 5-11
Clean Air System
Vacuum Switch Valve Test
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
•
Vacuum Switch Valve
Connect a vacuum gauge [A] and syringe [B] or fork oil
level gauge to the vacuum hoses as shown.
Special Tool - Fork Oil Level Gauge: 57001–1290
Air Flow [C]
raise the vacuum (lower the pressure) applied
• Gradually
to the vacuum switch valve, and check the valve operation. When the vacuum is low, the vacuum switch valve
should permit air to flow. When the vacuum raises to
valve closing pressure, it should stop air flow.
Spring [A]
Diaphragm [B]
Valve [C]
Low Vacuum [D]
Secondary Air Flow [E]
If the vacuum switch valve does not operate as described,
replace it with a new one.
NOTE
○To check air flow through the vacuum switch valve, just
blow through the air cleaner hose.
Vacuum Switch Valve Closing Pressure (Open → Close)
Standard: 45 ∼ 53 kPa (340 ∼ 400 mmHg, 6.5 ∼ 7.7 psi)
High Vacuum [A]
Secondary air cannot flow [B]
Clean Air System Hose Inspection
certain that all the hoses are routed without being flat• Be
tened or kinked, and are connected correctly to the air
cleaner housing, vacuum switch valve, #1 and #4 carburetor holders and air suction valve covers.
If they are not, correct them. Replace them if they are
damaged.
5-12 ENGINE TOP END
Cylinder Head Cover
Cylinder Head Cover Removal
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Vacuum Switch Valve and Hoses
Stick Coils (see Electrical System chapter)
Air Suction Valve Covers [A]
the cylinder head cover bolts [A] and take off the
• Remove
cover.
Cylinder Head Cover Installation
the head cover gasket with a new one if dam• Replace
aged.
• Apply silicone sealant [A] to the cylinder head as shown.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 56019–120
• Install:
Dowel Pins [A]
Plug Hole Gaskets [B]
ENGINE TOP END 5-13
Cylinder Head Cover
the washer [A] with the metal side faces upward.
• Install
Tighten:
•
Torque - Cylinder Head Cover Bolts [B]: 10 N·m (1.0 kgf·m,
87 in·lb)
5-14 ENGINE TOP END
Camshaft Chain Tensioner
Camshaft Chain Tensioner Removal
CAUTION
This is a non-return type camshaft chain tensioner.
The push rod does not return to its original position
once it moves out to take up camshaft chain slack.
Observe all the rules listed below:
When removing the tensioner, do not take out the
mounting bolts only halfway. Retightening the
mounting bolts from this position could damage
the tensioner and the camshaft chain. Once the
bolts are loosened, the tensioner must be removed
and reset as described in "Camshaft Chain Tensioner Installation."
Do not turn over the crankshaft while the tensioner
is removed. This could upset the camshaft chain
timing, and damage the valves.
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
•
Cap Bolt [A]
Washer [B]
Spring [C]
Rod [D]
Remove the mounting bolts [E] and take off the camshaft
chain tensioner.
Camshaft Chain Tensioner Installation
the stopper [A] and push the push rod [B] into
• Release
the tensioner body [C].
the tensioner body so that the stopper faces up• Install
ward.
• Tighten the tensioner mounting bolts [A].
Torque - Camshaft Chain Tensioner Mounting Bolts: 11
N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
the rod, spring and washer.
• Install
Tighten
the cap bolt [B].
•
Torque - Camshaft Chain Tensioner Cap Bolt: 28 N·m (2.9
kgf·m, 21 ft·lb)
the crankshaft 2 turns clockwise to allow the ten• Turn
sioner to expand and recheck the camshaft chain timing.
ENGINE TOP END 5-15
Camshaft, Camshaft Chain
Camshaft Removal
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Stick Coils (see Electrical System)
Cylinder Head Cover (see Cylinder Head Cover Removal)
Pickup Coil Cover
the crankshaft at #1, 4 piston TDC.
• Position
[A] TDC mark for #1, 4 Pistons
[B] Timing Mark (crankcase halves mating surface)
• Remove:
Camshaft Chain Tensioner (see Camshaft Chain Ten-
•
sioner Removal)
Camshaft Cap Bolts [D]
Chain Guide [A]
Camshaft Caps [B]
Camshafts [C]
Stuff a clean cloth into the chain tunnel to keep any parts
from dropping into the crankcase.
CAUTION
The crankshaft may be turned while the camshafts
are removed. Always pull the chain taut while turning the crankshaft. This avoids kinking the chain
on the lower (crankshaft) sprocket. A kinked chain
could damage both the chain and the sprocket.
Camshaft Installation
sure to install the following parts.
• BePlug
Hole Gaskets [A]
Dowel Pins [B]
5-16 ENGINE TOP END
Camshaft, Camshaft Chain
engine oil to all cam parts and journals.
• Apply
If
a
new
camshaft is to be used, apply a thin coat of molyb• denum disulfide
grease to the cam surfaces.
NOTE
○The exhaust camshaft has a 030 EX mark [A] and the
inlet camshaft has a 030 IN mark [B]. Be careful not to
mix up these shafts.
the crankshaft at #1, 4 piston TDC.
• Position
Pull
the
tension
side (exhaust side) [A] of the chain taut
• to install the chain.
the camshaft chain with the camshaft sprockets
• Engage
so that the timing marks on the sprockets are positioned
as shown.
○The timing marks of #1, 4T must be aligned with the lower
surface of crankcase of rear side [B].
○The timing marks must be aligned with the cylinder head
upper surface [C].
[D] EX mark
[E] IN mark
Before installing the camshaft cap and chain guide, install
the camshaft chain tensioner body temporally.
•
the camshaft cap and chain guide [A].
•○Install
First tighten the camshaft cap and all chain guide bolts
evenly to seat the camshaft in place, then tighten all bolts
following the specified tightening sequence.
Torque - Camshaft Cap Bolts: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m, 104 in·lb)
Camshaft Chain Guide Bolts: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
the camshaft chain tensioner (see Camshaft
• Tighten
Chain Tensioner Installation).
the cylinder head cover (see Cylinder Head Cover
• Install
Installation).
ENGINE TOP END 5-17
Camshaft, Camshaft Chain
Camshaft, Camshaft Cap Wear
• Remove:
Camshaft Chain Guide
•
•
•
Camshaft Cap
Cut strips of plastigage to journal width. Place a strip
on each journal parallel to the camshaft installed in the
correct position.
Measure each clearance between the camshaft journal
and the camshaft cap using plastigage (press gauge) [A].
Tighten:
Torque - Camshaft Cap Bolts: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m, 104 in·lb)
Camshaft Chain Guide Bolts: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
NOTE
○Do not turn the camshaft when the plastigage is between the journal and camshaft cap.
Camshaft Journal, Camshaft Cap Clearance
Standard:
0.028 ∼ 0.071 mm (0.0011 ∼ 0.0028 in.)
Service Limit: 0.16 mm (0.0063 in.)
If any clearance exceeds the service limit, measure the
diameter of each camshaft journal with a micrometer.
Camshaft Journal Diameter
Standard:
23.950 ∼ 23.972 mm (0.9429 ∼ 0.9438 in.)
Service Limit: 23.92 mm (0.942 in.)
If the camshaft journal diameter is less than the service
limit, replace the camshaft with a new one and measure
the clearance again.
If the clearance still remains out of the limit, replace the
cylinder head unit.
Camshaft Runout
the camshaft.
• Remove
Set
the
camshaft
in a camshaft alignment jig or on V
• blocks.
runout with a dial gauge at the specified place
• Measure
as shown.
If the runout exceeds the service limit, replace the shaft.
Camshaft Runout
Standard:
TIR 0.02 mm (0.0008 in.) or less
Service Limit: TIR 0.1 mm (0.004 in.)
Cam Wear
the camshaft.
• Remove
Measure
[A] of each cam with a micrometer.
• If the camstheareheight
worn down past the service limit, replace
the camshaft.
Cam Height
Standard:
Service
Limit:
Inlet
Exhaust
36.746 ∼ 36.854 mm 36.146 ∼ 36.254 mm
(1.4467 ∼ 1.4509 in.) (1.4231 ∼ 1.4273 in.)
36.65 mm
36.05 mm
(1.443 in.)
(1.419 in.)
5-18 ENGINE TOP END
Camshaft, Camshaft Chain
Camshaft Chain Removal
the crankcase (see Crankshaft/Transmission chap• Split
ter).
the camshaft chain [A] from the crankshaft
• Remove
sprocket.
ENGINE TOP END 5-19
Cylinder Head
Cylinder Compression Measurement
NOTE
○Use the battery which is fully charged.
up the engine thoroughly.
• Warm
Stop
the
• Remove: engine.
• Seats (see Frame chapter)
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Stick Coils
Spark Plugs
Owners Tool - Spark Plug Wrench, Hex 16
the compression gauge [A] and adapter [B] firmly
• Attach
into the spark plug hole.
○Using the starter motor, turn the engine over with the throt-
tle fully open until the compression gauge stops rising; the
compression is the highest reading obtainable.
Special Tools - Compression Gauge: 57001–221
Compression Gauge Adapter, M10 × 1.0:
57001–1317
Cylinder Compression
Usable Range : 1070 ∼ 1620 kPa (10.9 ∼ 16.5 kgf/cm²,
155 ∼ 235 psi) @ 320 r/min (rpm)
the measurement for the other cylinders.
• Repeat
Install
the
spark plugs.
•
Torque - Spark Plugs: 13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m, 113 in·lb)
The following table should be consulted if the obtainable compression reading is not within the usable range.
Problem
Diagnosis
Cylinder compression Carbon accumulation on piston and in
is higher than usable combustion chamber possibly due to
range
damaged valve stem oil seal and/or
damaged piston oil rings (This may be
indicated by white exhaust smoke).
Incorrect cylinder head gasket
thickness.
Cylinder compression Gas leakage around cylinder head
is lower than usable
range
Bad condition of valve seating
Incorrect valve clearance.
Incorrect piston/cylinder clearance
Piston seizure.
Bad condition of piston ring and/or
piston ring grooves
Remedy (Action)
Remove the carbon deposits
and replace damaged parts if
necessary.
Replace the gasket with a standard
part.
Replace damaged check gasket
and cylinder head warp.
Repair if necessary.
Adjust the valve clearance.
Replace the piston and/or cylinder.
Inspect the cylinder and
replace/repair the cylinder and/or
piston as necessary.
Replace the piston and/or the
piston rings.
5-20 ENGINE TOP END
Cylinder Head
Cylinder Head Removal
the coolant (see Cooling System chapter).
• Drain
• Remove:
Exhaust Pipes (see Exhaust Pipe Removal)
Coolant Drain Bolt [A] (cylinder)
• Remove:
Cylinder Head Cover (see Cylinder Head Cover Removal)
Camshaft Position Sensor (see Electrical System chapter)
Camshafts (see Camshaft Removal)
Throttle Body (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Water Hose [A]
Bracket Bolt [B]
Engine Bracket [C]
Cam Chain Guide
the M6 cylinder head bolts [B], and then the M10
• Remove
cylinder head bolts [A].
• Take off the cylinder head.
Cylinder Head Installation
NOTE
○The camshaft cap is machined with the cylinder head,
so if a new cylinder head is installed, use the cap that
is supplied with the new head.
a new cylinder head gasket and dowel pins.
• Install
Apply
molybdenum
oil solution to both sides [A]
• of the cylinder headdisulfide
bolt washers [B] and the thread of
head bolts [C].
the M10 cylinder head bolts following the tighten• Tighten
ing sequence [1 ∼ 10].
Torque - Cylinder Head
First
Final
Used Bolts
New Bolts
Bolts (M10):
20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 14.5 ft·lb)
49 N·m (5.0 kgf·m, 36 ft·lb)
54 N·m (5.5 kgf·m, 40 ft·lb)
• Tighten the M6 cylinder head bolts [11 ∼ 12].
Torque - Cylinder Head Bolts (M6): 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m, 104
in·lb)
ENGINE TOP END 5-21
Cylinder Head
• Install:
Front Camshaft Chain Guide [A]
•
O-ring [B]
Collar [C]
Tighten:
Torque - Front Camshaft Chain Guide Bolt (Upper) [D]:
25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18 ft·lb)
Front Camshaft Chain Guide Bolt (Lower) [E]:
12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m, 104 in·lb)
• Install:
Rear Camshaft Chain Guide [F]
Tighten:
•
Torque - Rear Camshaft Chain Guide Bolt [G]:
25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18 ft·lb)
• Install the camshafts (see Camshaft Installation).
Cylinder Head Warp
the cylinder head.
• Clean
Lay
a
straightedge
across the lower surface of the cylinder
• head at several positions.
a thickness gauge [A] to measure the space between
• Use
the straightedge [B] and the head.
Cylinder Head Warp
--Standard:
Service Limit: 0.05 mm (0.002 in.)
If the cylinder head is warped more than the service limit,
replace it.
If the cylinder head is warped less than the service limit,
repair the head by rubbing the lower surface on emery
paper secured to a surface plate (first No. 200, then No.
400).
5-22 ENGINE TOP END
Valves
Valve Clearance Inspection
to the Engine Top End in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
Valve Clearance Adjustment
to the Engine Top End in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
Valve Removal
the cylinder head (see Cylinder Head Removal).
• Remove
Remove
valve lifter and shim.
•○Mark andthe
record the valve lifter and shim locations so they
•
can be installed in their original positions.
Using the valve spring compressor assembly, remove the
valve.
Special Tools - Valve Spring Compressor Assembly:
57001–241 [A]
Adapter, 22: 57001–1202 [B]
Valve Installation
the oil seal with a new one.
• Replace
a thin coat of molybdenum disulfide grease to the
• Apply
valve stem before valve installation.
the springs so that the closed coil end faces down• Install
wards.
[A] Valve Stem
[B] Oil Seal
[C] Spring Seat
[D] Closed Coil End
[E] Valve Spring (Yellow)
[F] Retainer
[G] Split Keepers
Valve Guide Removal
• Remove:
Valve (see Valve Removal)
•
Oil Seal
Spring Seat
Heat the area around the valve guide to 120 ∼ 150°C (248
∼ 302 °F), and hammer lightly on the valve guide arbor [A]
to remove the guide from the top of the head.
CAUTION
Do not heat the cylinder head with a torch. This will
warp the cylinder head. Soak the cylinder head in
oil and heat the oil.
Special Tool - Valve Guide Arbor,
4.5: 57001–1331
ENGINE TOP END 5-23
Valves
Valve Guide Installation
oil to the valve guide outer surface before installa• Apply
tion.
the area around the valve guide hole to about 120 ∼
• Heat
150 °C (248 ∼ 302 °F).
the valve guide in from the top of the head using the
• Drive
valve guide arbor. The flange stops the guide from going
in too far.
Special Tool - Valve Guide Arbor, 4.5: 57001–1331
until the cylinder head cools down and then ream the
• Wait
valve guide with the valve guide reamer [A] even if the old
guide is reused.
○Turn the reamer in a clockwise direction until the reamer
turns freely in the guide. Never turn the reamer counterclockwise or it will be dulled.
○Once the guides are reamed they must be cleaned thoroughly.
Special Tool - Valve Guide Reamer,
4.5: 57001–1333
Valve-to-Guide Clearance Measurement (Wobble
Method)
If a small bore gauge is not available, inspect the valve
guide wear by measuring the valve to valve guide clearance
with the wobble method as indicated below.
Insert a new valve [A] into the guide [B] and set a dial
gauge against the stem perpendicular to it as close as
possible to the cylinder head mating surface.
Move the stem back and forth [C] to measure valve/valve
guide clearance.
Repeat the measurement in a direction at a right angle to
the first.
If the reading exceeds the service limit, replace the guide.
•
•
•
NOTE
○The reading is not actual valve/valve guide clearance
because the measuring point is above the guide.
Valve/Valve Guide Clearance (Wobble Method)
Inlet
Exhaust
0.03 ∼ 0.12 mm
0.09 ∼ 0.18 mm
Standard:
(0.0012 ∼ 0.0047 in.) (0.0035 ∼ 0.0071 in.)
0.33 mm
0.40 mm
Service
Limit:
(0.013 in.)
(0.016 in.)
5-24 ENGINE TOP END
Valves
Valve Seat Inspection
the valve (see Valve Removal).
• Remove
the valve seating surface [A] between the valve [B]
• Check
and valve seat [C].
○Measure the outside diameter [D] of the seating pattern
on the valve seat.
If the outside diameter is too large or too small, repair the
seat (see Seat Repair).
Valve Seating Surface Outside Diameter
Standard:
Inlet
29.4 ∼ 29.6 mm (1.1575 ∼ 1.1654 in.)
Exhaust 25.2 ∼25.4 mm (0.992 ∼ 1.000 in.)
○Measure the seat width [E] of the portion where there is
no build-up carbon (white portion) of the valve seat with a
vernier caliper.
Good [F]
If the width is too wide [G], too narrow [H] or uneven [J],
repair the seat (see Valve Seat Repair).
Valve Seating Surface Width
Standard:
Inlet
0.5 ∼ 1.0 mm (0.020 ∼ 0.039 in.)
Exhaust
0.8 ∼ 1.2 mm (0.031 ∼ 0.047 in.)
Valve Seat Repair
• Repair the valve seat with the valve seat cutters [A].
Special Tools - Valve Seat Cutter Holder, 4.5: 57001–1330[B]
Valve Seat Cutter Holder Bar: 57001–1128[C]
[For Inlet Valve Seat]
Valve Seat Cutter, 45° - 32: 57001–1115
Valve Seat Cutter, 32° - 30: 57001–1120
Valve Seat Cutter, 60° - 33: 57001–1334
[For Exhaust Valve Seat]
Valve Seat Cutter, 45° - 27.5: 57001–1114
Valve Seat Cutter, 32° - 28 : 57001–1119
Valve Seat Cutter, 60° - 30: 57001–1123
If the manufacturer’s instructions are not available, use
the following procedure.
ENGINE TOP END 5-25
Valves
Seat Cutter Operation Care:
1. This valve seat cutter is developed to grind the valve for
repair. Therefore the cutter must not be used for other
purposes than seat repair.
2. Do not drop or shock the valve seat cutter, or the diamond particles may fall off.
3. Do not fail to apply engine oil to the valve seat cutter
before grinding the seat surface. Also wash off ground
particles sticking to the cutter with washing oil.
NOTE
○Do not use a wire brush to remove the metal particles
from the cutter. It will take off the diamond particles.
4. Setting the valve seat cutter holder in position, operate
the cutter in one hand. Do not apply too much force to
the diamond portion.
NOTE
○Prior to grinding, apply engine oil to the cutter and during the operation, wash off any ground particles sticking
to the cutter with washing oil.
5. After use, wash it with washing oil and apply thin layer
of engine oil before storing.
Marks Stamped on the Cutter:
The marks stamped on the back of the cutter [A] represent
the following.
60° ........................... Cutter angle [B]
37.5 ....................... Outer diameter of cutter [C]
Operating Procedures:
Clean the seat area carefully.
Coat the seat with machinist’s dye.
Fit a 45° cutter into the holder and slide it into the valve
guide.
Press down lightly on the handle and turn it right or left.
Grind the seating surface only until it is smooth.
•
•
•
•
CAUTION
Do not grind the seat too much. Overgrinding will
reduce valve clearance by sinking the valve into the
head. If the valve sinks too far into the head, it will
be impossible to adjust the clearance, and the cylinder head must be replaced.
5-26 ENGINE TOP END
Valves
the outside diameter of the seating surface with
• Measure
a vernier caliper.
If the outside diameter of the seating surface is too small,
repeat the 45° grind until the diameter is within the specified range.
Widened Width [A] of engagement by machining with
45° cutter
Ground Volume [B] by 32° cutter
32° [C]
Correct Width [D]
Ground Volume [E] by 60° cutter
60° [F]
the outside diameter of the seating surface with
• Measure
a vernier caliper.
If the outside diameter of the seating surface is too small,
repeat the 45° grind [A] until the diameter is within the
specified range.
Original Seating Surface [B]
NOTE
○Remove all pittings of flaws from 45° ground surface.
○After grinding with 45° cutter, apply thin coat of machinist’s dye to seating surface. This makes seating surface
distinct and 32° and 60° grinding operation easier.
○When the valve guide is replaced, be sure to grind with
45° cutter for centering and good contact.
If the outside diameter [A] of the seating surface is too
large, make the 32° grind described below.
If the outside diameter of the seating surface is within the
specified range, measure the seat width as described below.
Grind the seat at a 32° angle [B] until the seat O.D. is
within the specified range.
○To make the 32° grind, fit a 32° cutter into the holder, and
slide it into the valve guide.
○Turn the holder one turn at a time while pressing down
very lightly. Check the seat after each turn.
•
CAUTION
The 32° cutter removes material very quickly.
Check the seat outside diameter frequently to prevent overgrinding.
○After making the 32° grind, return to the seat O.D. mea-
•
surement step above.
To measure the seat width, use a vernier caliper to measure the width of the 45° angle portion of the seat at several places around the seat.
If the seat width is too narrow, repeat the 45° grind until
the seat is slightly too wide, and then return to the seat
O.D. measurement step above.
ENGINE TOP END 5-27
Valves
If the seat width is too wide, make the 60° [A] grind described below.
If the seat width is within the specified range, lap the valve
to the seat as described below.
Grind the seat at a 60° angle until the seat width is within
the specified range.
○To make the 60° grind, fit 60° cutter into the holder, and
slide it into the valve guide.
○Turn the holder, while pressing down lightly.
○After making the 60° grind, return to the seat width measurement step above.
Correct Width [B]
•
the valve to the seat, once the seat width and O.D.
• Lap
are within the ranges specified above.
○Put a little coarse grinding compound on the face of the
valve in a number of places around the valve head.
○Spin the valve against the seat until the grinding com-
pound produces a smooth, matched surface on both the
seat and the valve.
○Repeat the process with a fine grinding compound.
[A] Lapper
[B] Valve Seat
[C] Valve
The seating area should be marked about in the middle
of the valve face.
If the seat area is not in the right place on the valve, check
to be sure the valve is the correct part. If it is, it may have
been refaced too much; replace it.
Be sure to remove all grinding compound before assembly.
When the engine is assembled, be sure to adjust the valve
clearance (see Valve Clearance Adjustment section of the
Periodic maintenance chapter).
•
•
•
5-28 ENGINE TOP END
Valves
ENGINE TOP END 5-29
Cylinder, Pistons
Cylinder Removal
• Remove:
Cylinder Head (see Cylinder Head Removal)
•
Water Hose [A]
Remove the cylinder [B].
Cylinder Installation
NOTE
○If a new cylinder is used, use new piston ring.
the pins [A] and new cylinder gasket [B].
• Install
• Apply engine oil to the cylinder bore.
piston ring openings must be positioned as shown in
• The
the figure. The openings of the oil ring steel rails must be
about 30 – 40° of angle from the opening of the top ring.
[A] Top Ring
[B] Second Ring
[C] Oil Ring Steel Rails
[D] Oil Ring Expander
[E] Hollow
the crankshaft at #2, #3 piston TDC.
• Position
Prepare
two
head bolts with their head cut.
•○Install the twoauxiliary
cylinder head bolts [A] diagonally in the
crankcase.
Install the cylinder block [B].
Pistons [C]
○First insert the #2, #3 pistons, and then rotate the crankshaft at 90° angle.
○Insert the piston rings with your thumbs or the thin (–)
screwdriver.
•
Piston Removal
the cylinder (see Cylinder Removal).
• Remove
Place
a
clean
cloth under the pistons and remove the pis• ton pin snap ring
[A] from the outside of each piston.
5-30 ENGINE TOP END
Cylinder, Pistons
• Remove the piston pins.
Special Tool - Piston Pin Puller Assembly: 57001–910 [A]
• Remove the pistons.
spread the ring opening with your thumbs and
• Carefully
then push up on the opposite side of the ring [A] to remove
•
it.
Remove the 3-piece oil ring with your thumbs in the same
manner.
Piston Installation
molybdenum disulfide oil solution to the oil ring ex• Apply
pander, and install the oil ring expander [A] in the bottom
piston ring groove so the ends [B] butt together.
Apply molybdenum disulfide oil solution to the oil ring steel
rails, and install the oil ring steel rails, one above the expander and one below it.
○Spread the rail with your thumbs, but only enough to fit
the rail over the piston.
○Release the rail into the bottom piston ring groove.
•
NOTE
○The oil ring rails have no “top” or “bottom”.
not mix up the top and second ring.
• Do
Install
the top ring [A] so that the "R" mark [B] faces up.
•○Install the
second ring [C] so that the "RN" mark [D] faces
up.
○Apply molybdenum disulfide oil solution to the piston
rings.
ENGINE TOP END 5-31
Cylinder, Pistons
NOTE
○If a new piston is used, use new piston ring.
the piston with its hollow facing forward.
• Install
pin snap ring into the side of the piston
Fit
a
new
• so that thepiston
ring opening [A] does not coincide with the slit
[B] of the piston pin hole.
○Apply molybdenum disulfide oil solution to the piston pins
and piston journals.
○When installing the piston pin snap ring, compress it only
enough to install it and no more.
CAUTION
Do not reuse snap rings, as removal weakens and
deforms them.
They could fall out and score the cylinder wall.
• Install the cylinder (see Cylinder Installation).
Cylinder Wear
there is a difference in cylinder wear in different di• Since
rections, take a side-to-side and a front-to-back measurement at each of the two locations (total of four measurements) shown in the figure.
If any of the cylinder inside diameter measurements exceeds the service limit, replace the cylinder.
[A] 10 mm (0.39 in.)
[B] 60 mm (2.36 in.)
Cylinder Inside Diameter
Standard:
77.194 ∼ 77.206 mm (3.0391 ∼ 3.0396 in.)
Service Limit: 77.30 mm (3.0433 in.)
Piston Wear
the outside diameter [A] of each piston 5 mm
• Measure
(0.20 in.) [B] up from the bottom of the piston at a right
angle to the direction of the piston pin.
If the measurement is under service limit, replace the piston.
Piston Diameter
Standard:
77.174 ∼ 77.184 mm (3.0383 ∼ 3.0389 in.)
Service Limit: 77.02 mm (3.0323 in.)
Piston Ring, Piston Ring Groove Wear
for uneven groove wear by inspecting the ring seat• Check
ing.
•
The rings should fit perfectly parallel to groove surfaces.
If not, replace the piston and all the piston rings.
With the piston rings in their grooves, make several measurements with a thickness gauge [A] to determine piston
ring/groove clearance.
Piston Ring/Groove Clearance
Standard
Top
0.04 ∼ 0.08 mm
(0.0016 ∼ 0.0031 in.)
Second
0.03 ∼ 0.07 mm
(0.0012 ∼ 0.0028 in.)
Service Limit
0.18 mm
(0.0071 in.)
0.17 mm
(0.0067 in.)
5-32 ENGINE TOP END
Cylinder, Pistons
Piston Ring Groove Width
the piston ring groove width.
•○Measure
Use a vernier caliper at several points around the piston.
Piston Ring Groove Width
Standard
Top [A]
0.83 ∼ 0.85 mm
(0.0327 ∼ 0.0335 in.)
0.82 ∼ 0.84 mm
Second [B]
(0.0323 ∼ 0.0331 in.)
Service Limit
0.93 mm
(0.037 in.)
0.92 mm
(0.036 in.)
If the width of any of the two grooves is wider than the
service limit at any point, replace the piston.
Piston Ring Thickness
the piston ring thickness.
•○Measure
Use the micrometer to measure at several points around
the ring.
Piston Ring Thickness
Standard
Top [A]
0.77 ∼ 0.79 mm
(0.0303 ∼ 0.0311 in.)
0.77 ∼ 0.79 mm
Second [B]
(0.0303 ∼ 0.0311 in.)
Service Limit
0.70 mm
(0.028 in.)
0.70 mm
(0.028 in.)
If any of the measurements is less than the service limit
on either of the rings, replace all the rings.
NOTE
○When using new rings in a used piston, check for uneven groove wear. The rings should fit perfectly parallel
to the groove sides. If not, replace the piston.
Piston Ring End Gap
the piston ring [A] inside the cylinder, using the pis• Place
ton to locate the ring squarely in place. Set it close to the
•
bottom of the cylinder, where cylinder wear is low.
Measure the gap [B] between the ends of the ring with a
thickness gauge.
Piston Ring End Gap
Top
Second
Standard
0.20 ∼ 0.30 mm
(0.0079 ∼ 0.0118 in.)
0.35 ∼ 0.50 mm
(0.0138 ∼ 0.0197 in.)
Service Limit
0.6 mm
(0.024 in.)
0.8 mm
(0.031 in.)
If the end gap of either ring is greater than the service
limit, replace all the rings.
ENGINE TOP END 5-33
Throttle Body Holder
Throttle Body Holder Installation
sure to install the O-rings [A].
• Be
the clamps [B] as shown and so that its hole fit on
• Install
the projection [C] of the holder.
• Tighten:
Torque - Throttle Body Holder Bolts [D]: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
Throttle Body Holder Clamp Screws [E]: 2.0 N·m
(0.2 kgf·m, 17 in·lb)
5-34 ENGINE TOP END
Muffler
WARNING
To avoid a serious burn, do not remove the mufflers
when the engine is still hot. Wait until the mufflers
cool down.
Muffler Body Removal
• Remove:
Muffler Body Clamp Bolts [A]
Muffler Body Mounting Bolts [B]
Muffler Body [C]
Exhaust Pipe Removal
• Remove:
Muffler Body Clamp Bolts [A]
Exhaust Pipe Manifold Holder Nuts [B]
Exhaust Pipe [C]
Gaskets [D]
Muffler Body and Exhaust Pipe Installation
the exhaust pipe gaskets [A] and muffler body
• Replace
connection gasket [B] with new ones and install them.
○Install the muffler body connection gasket until it is bottomed so that the chamfer side feces muffler body [C].
Install:
Muffler Body
Exhaust Pipe [D]
Install
the muffler body until it is bottomed [E].
○
Install:
Dampers [F]
Washer [G]
Tighten:
•
•
•
Torque - Exhaust Pipe Manifold Holder Nuts [H]: 17 N·m
(1.7 kgf·m, 12 ft·lb)
Muffler Body Mounting Bolts [I] and Nuts [J]: 34
N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25 ft·lb)
Muffler Body Clamp Bolts [K]: 17 N·m (1.7 kgf·m,
12 ft·lb)
ENGINE TOP END 5-35
Muffler
○Install the muffler body clamp bolts as shown.
[L] Upper Side
[M] Inside
[N] Connection Part Detail
warm up the engine, wait until the engine
• Thoroughly
cools down, and retighten all the bolts and nuts.
CLUTCH 6-1
Clutch
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Specifications .........................................................................................................................
Special Tools and Sealant ......................................................................................................
Clutch Lever and Cable ..........................................................................................................
Clutch Lever Free Play Inspection ....................................................................................
Clutch Lever Free Play Adjustment ..................................................................................
Cable Removal .................................................................................................................
Cable Installation ..............................................................................................................
Cable Lubrication ..............................................................................................................
Clutch Lever Installation....................................................................................................
Clutch Cover...........................................................................................................................
Clutch Cover Removal ......................................................................................................
Clutch Cover Installation ...................................................................................................
Release Shaft Removal ....................................................................................................
Release Shaft Installation .................................................................................................
Clutch Cover Disassembly................................................................................................
Clutch Cover Assembly.....................................................................................................
Clutch .....................................................................................................................................
Clutch Removal.................................................................................................................
Clutch Installation..............................................................................................................
Clutch Plate Assembly Inspection.....................................................................................
Clutch Plate Assembly Adjustment ...................................................................................
Clutch Plate, Wear, Damage Inspection ...........................................................................
Clutch Plate Warp Inspection............................................................................................
Clutch Spring Free Length Measurement .........................................................................
6-2
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-7
6-7
6-7
6-7
6-7
6-8
6-8
6-9
6-9
6-9
6-11
6-12
6-12
6-12
6-12
6
6-2 CLUTCH
Exploded View
CLUTCH 6-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Clutch lever clamp bolts
7.9
0.8
69 in·lb
2
Clutch cover bolts (L = 32 mm)
11
1.1
95 in·lb
3
Clutch cover bolts (L = 45 mm)
11
1.1
95 in·lb
4
Clutch cover bolts (L = 30 mm)
11
1.1
95 in·lb
5
Clutch cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
6
Oil filler plug
1.5
0.15
13 in·lb
7
Clutch spring bolts
8.8
0.9
78 in·lb
8
Clutch hub nut
135
14
100
CL: Apply cable lubricant.
EO: Apply engine oil.
G: Apply grease.
M: Apply molybdenum disulfide grease.
R: Replacement Parts
S: Follow the specific tightening sequence.
W: Apply water.
Remarks
S
R
6-4 CLUTCH
Specifications
Item
Standard
Service Limit
2 ∼ 3 mm (0.08 ∼ 0.12 in.)
- - -
Clutch plate assembly
48.4 ∼ 49.0 mm (1.91 ∼ 1.93 in.)
- - -
Friction plate thickness
2.72 ∼ 2.88 mm (0.107 ∼ 0.113 in.)
2.4 mm (0.094 in.)
Friction and steel plate warp
0.2 mm (0.008 in.) or less
0.3 mm (0.012 in.)
Clutch spring free length
75.42 mm (2.97 in.)
71.8 mm (2.83 in.)
Clutch Lever Free Play
Clutch:
CLUTCH 6-5
Special Tools and Sealant
Inside Circlip Pliers:
57001–143
Clutch Holder:
57001–1243
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
6-6 CLUTCH
Clutch Lever and Cable
Clutch Lever Free Play Inspection
to the Clutch Adjust Inspection in the Periodic Main• Refer
tenance chapter.
Clutch Lever Free Play Adjustment
to the Clutch Adjust Inspection in the Periodic Main• Refer
tenance chapter.
Cable Removal
the dust cover [A] at the clutch cable lower end out
• Slide
of place.
the nuts [B], and slide the lower end of the clutch
• Loosen
cable to give the cable plenty of play.
in the adjuster.
• Screw
Line
up
[A] in the clutch lever and adjuster [B],
• and thenthefreeslots
the cable from the lever.
the clutch inner cable tip from the clutch release
• Free
lever.
the release lever toward the front of the motorcycle
• Push
and tape the release lever to the clutch cover to prevent
•
the release shaft from falling out.
Pull the clutch cable out of the frame.
Cable Installation
the clutch cable correctly (see Appendix chapter).
• Run
Adjust
clutch cable (see Clutch in the Periodic Main• tenancethechapter).
Cable Lubrication
to the General Lubrication in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Clutch Lever Installation
the clutch lever so that the mating surface [A] of the
• Install
clutch lever clamp is aligned with the punch mark [B].
the upper clamp bolt first, and then the lower
• Tighten
clamp bolt. There will be a gap at the lower part of the
clamp after tightening.
Torque - Clutch Lever Holder Bolts: 7.8 N·m (0.80 kgf·m, 69
in·lb)
CLUTCH 6-7
Clutch Cover
Clutch Cover Removal
• Remove:
Engine Oil (drain, see Engine Oil Change section in the
Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Clutch Cable Lower End [A]
Clutch Cover Mounting Bolts [B]
Clutch Cable Bracket [C]
the release lever [A] toward the rear as shown, and
• Turn
remove the clutch cover [B].
[C] about 90°
Clutch Cover Installation
silicone sealant to the area [A] where the mating
• Apply
surface of the crankcase touches the clutch cover gasket.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 56019–120
the cover gasket with a new one.
• Replace
• Tighten the cover bolts.
Torque - Clutch Cover Bolts: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
Release Shaft Removal
CAUTION
Do not remove the clutch release lever and shaft
assembly unless it is absolutely necessary. If removed, the oil seal replacement may be required.
the clutch cover (see Clutch Cover Removal).
• Remove
Pull
the
lever
[A] and shaft assembly out of the clutch
• cover.
Release Shaft Installation
high-temperature grease to the oil seal lips on the
• Apply
upper ridge of the clutch cover.
oil to the needle bearings in the hole of the clutch
• Apply
cover.
molybdenum disulfide grease to the pusher-holding
• Apply
portion [A] on the release shaft.
the washer [B] and spring [C].
• Install
Insert
the
release shaft straight into the upper hole of the
• clutch cover.
CAUTION
When inserting the release shaft, be careful not to
remove the spring of the oil seal.
6-8 CLUTCH
Clutch Cover
spring [A] as shown.
• Fit[B]theViewed
from Rear
[C] Release Shaft
[D] Clutch Cover
Clutch Cover Disassembly
• Remove:
Oil Seal [A]
Needle Bearings
• Remove:
Circlip [A]
Special Tool - Inside Circlip Pliers [B]: 57001–143
• Remove:
Oil Level Gauge [C]
Clutch Cover Assembly
• Replace the needle bearings and oil seal with new ones.
NOTE
○Install the needle bearings so that the manufacture’s
mark face out.
the needle bearings [A] and oil seal [B] position as
• Install
shown.
[C] Press the bearing until the bottom.
[D] Press the bearing so that the bearing surface is flush
with the housing end of clutch cover [E].
water to the rubber of the oil gauge [A] and press it
• Apply
so that the projections [B] face inside.
a new circlip so that the circlip ends [C] do not wrap
• Install
over the projection [D].
CLUTCH 6-9
Clutch
Clutch Removal
• Remove:
Engine Oil (drain, see Engine Oil Change section in the
Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Clutch Cover (see Clutch Cover Removal)
Clutch Spring Bolts [A]
Clutch Springs
Clutch Spring Plate [B] (with thrust bearing and pusher
[C])
• Remove:
Friction Plates, Steel Plates
Spring, Spring Seat
Clutch Hub Nut [A]
○Holding the clutch hub [B], remove the nut.
Special Tool - Clutch Holder [C]: 57001–1243
• Remove:
Clutch Hub
Spcer
the two 4 mm (0.16 in.) bolts [A], pull out the sleeve
• Using
[B], needle bearing [C] and clutch housing [D].
• Remove the spacer.
Clutch Installation
the following parts on the drive shaft.
• Install
[A] Spacer
[B] Sleeve
[C] Needle Bearing
[D] Clutch Housing
[E] Spacer
[F] Clutch Hub
[G] Washer
[H] Nut
6-10 CLUTCH
Clutch
○Install the spacer [A] so that the tapered side [B] faces
inward.
○Install the washer [A] so that the OUT SIDE mark faces
outward.
○Replace the clutch hub nut with a new one.
○Holding the clutch hub, tighten the clutch hub nut.
Special Tool - Clutch Holder: 57001–1243
Torque - Clutch Hub Nut: 135 N·m (14 kgf·m, 100 ft·lb)
the spring seat [A] and spring [B] as shown.
• Install
[C] Clutch Hub
the friction plates and steel plates, starting with a
• Install
friction plate and alternating them.
CAUTION
If new dry friction plates and steel plates are installed, apply engine oil to the surfaces of each
plate to avoid clutch plate seizure.
○Install
the last friction plate [A] fitting the tangs in the
grooves in the housing as shown.
CLUTCH 6-11
Clutch
molybdenum disulfide grease to the pusher ends
• Apply
[A] and install the pusher [B].
engine oil to the needle bearing [C] and install it.
• Apply
Install
the washer [D].
•
the mark [A] of the clutch spring plate [B] with the
• Align
groove [C] of the clutch hub.
the clutch spring plate and spring, and tighten the
• Install
clutch spring bolts.
Torque - Clutch Spring Bolts: 8.8 N·m (0.9 kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
• Install the clutch cover (see Clutch Cover Installation).
Clutch Plate Assembly Inspection
the friction plate thickness (see Clutch Plate,
• Inspect
Wear, Damage Inspection).
the length [A] of the clutch plate assembly as
• Measure
shown.
○Assemble:
Clutch Hub [B]
Spring Seat [C]
Spring [D]
Friction Plates [E]
Steel Plates [F]
Spring Plate [G]
Springs [H]
Spring Holders [I]
Spring Bolts [J]
Torque - Clutch Spring Bolts: 8.8 N·m (0.9 kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
Clutch Plate Assembly
Standard: 48.4 ∼ 49.0 mm (1.91 ∼ 1.93 in.)
If the length is not within the specified range, adjust the
length (see Clutch Plate Assembly Adjustment).
6-12 CLUTCH
Clutch
Clutch Plate Assembly Adjustment
the clutch plate assembly length, and then re• Inspect
place the steel plate(s) which brings the length within the
•
•
specified range.
Remove:
Spring Bolts
Spring Holders
Springs
Spring Plate
Replace the following steel plate(s).
Part No.
13089–1073
13089–1084
13089–1115
Thickness
2.0 mm (0.08 in.)
2.3 mm (0.09 in.) (STD)
2.6 mm (0.10 in.)
NOTE
○Do not use the steel plate of 2.0 mm (0.08 in.) and 2.6
mm (0.10 in.) thickness at the same time.
the removed parts, and inspect the clutch plate as• Install
sembly length.
Torque - Clutch Spring Bolts: 8.8 N·m (0.9 kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
Clutch Plate, Wear, Damage Inspection
inspect the friction and steel plates for signs of
• Visually
seizure, overheating (discoloration), or uneven wear.
the thickness of each friction plate [A] at several
• Measure
points.
If any plates show signs of damage, or if they have worn
past the service limit, replace them with new ones.
Friction Plate Thickness
Standard:
2.72 ∼ 2.88 mm (0.107 ∼ 0.113 in.)
Service Limit: 2.4 mm (0.094 in.)
Clutch Plate Warp Inspection
each friction plate or steel plate on a surface plate
• Place
and measure the gap between the surface plate [A] and
each friction plate or steel plate [B] with a thickness gauge
[C]. The gap is the amount of friction or steel plate warp.
If any plate is warped over the service limit, replace it with
a new one.
Friction and Steel Plate Warp
Standard:
0.2 mm (0.008 in.) or less
Service Limit: 0.3 mm (0.012 in.)
Clutch Spring Free Length Measurement
the free length of the clutch springs [A].
• Measure
If any spring is shorter than the service limit, it must be
replaced.
Clutch Spring Free Length
Standard:
75.42 mm (2.97 in.)
Service Limit: 71.8 mm (2.83 in.)
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-1
Engine Lubrication System
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Engine Oil Flow Chart.............................................................................................................
Specifications .........................................................................................................................
Special Tools and Sealant ......................................................................................................
Engine Oil and Oil Filter..........................................................................................................
Oil Level Inspection...........................................................................................................
Engine Oil Change............................................................................................................
Oil Filter Replacement ......................................................................................................
Oil Pan....................................................................................................................................
Oil Pan Removal ...............................................................................................................
Oil Pan Installation ............................................................................................................
Oil Pressure Relief Valve........................................................................................................
Oil Pressure Relief Valve Removal ...................................................................................
Oil Pressure Relief Valve Installation ................................................................................
Oil Pressure Relief Valve Inspection.................................................................................
Oil Pump.................................................................................................................................
Oil Pump Removal ............................................................................................................
Oil Pump Installation .........................................................................................................
Oil Pump Drive Gear Removal..........................................................................................
Oil Pump Drive Gear Installation.......................................................................................
Oil Cooler................................................................................................................................
Oil Cooler Removal...........................................................................................................
Oil Cooler Installation........................................................................................................
Oil Pressure Measurement.....................................................................................................
Oil Pressure Measurement ...............................................................................................
Oil Pressure Switch ................................................................................................................
Oil Pressure Switch Removal ...........................................................................................
Oil Pressure Switch Installation ........................................................................................
7-2
7-4
7-6
7-7
7-8
7-8
7-8
7-8
7-9
7-9
7-9
7-10
7-10
7-10
7-10
7-11
7-11
7-11
7-13
7-13
7-14
7-14
7-14
7-15
7-15
7-16
7-16
7-16
7
7-2 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Exploded View
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Oil filler plug
1.5
0.15
13 in·lb
2
Engine drain plug
20
2.0
14.5
3
Oil filter (cartridge type, P/No. 16097–1070)
26
2.7
20
EO, R
3
Oil filter (cartridge type, P/No. 16097–0002)
31
3.2
23
EO, R
4
Oil cooler mounting bolt
76
7.8
56
EO
5
Oil pan bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
6
Oil pipe holder bolts
13
1.3
113 in·lb
L
7
Oil pressure relief valve
15
1.5
11
L
8
Oil pressure switch
15
1.5
11
SS
9
Oil pressure switch terminal bolt
1.5
0.15
13 in·lb
10 Water pump cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
11 Water pump impeller bolt
10
1.0
87 in·lb
12 Coolant drain plug (water pump)
11
1.1
95 in·lb
13 Water hose clamp screws
2.0
0.2
17 in·lb
14 Oil passge plugs
20
2.0
14.5
EO: Apply engine oil.
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide oil.
(mixture of the engine oil and molybdenum disulfide grease in a weight ratio 10 : 1)
R: Replacement Parts
SS: Apply silicone sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120).
W: Apply water.
L
7-4 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Engine Oil Flow Chart
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-5
Engine Oil Flow Chart
1. Camshaft Oil Passage
2. Oil Passage Hole in Alternator Rotor Bolt
3. Starter Clutch Oil Passage Hole
4. Main Oil Passage
5. Crankshaft Oil Passage
6. Oil Filter
7. Oil Cooler
8. Oil Pressure Switch
9. Oil Pipe
10. Oil Pump
11. To Drive Shaft
12. Oil Pipe
13. To Output Shaft
14. Drive Shaft Oil Passage Hole
15. Output Shaft Oil Passage Hole
16. Inlet Camshaft
17. Exhaust Camshaft
18. To Air Cleaner
19. Drive Shaft
20. Relief Valve
21. Oil Screen
22. Oil Drain Plug
23. Output Shaft
7-6 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Specifications
Item
Standard
Engine Oil:
Type
API SE, SF or SG
API SH or SJ with JASO MA
Viscosity
SAE 10W-40
Capacity:
3.1 L (3.3 US gt) (when filter is not removed)
3.3 L (3.5 US gt) (when filter is removed)
3.8 L (4.0 US gt) (when engine is completely dry)
Level
Between upper and lower level lines
Oil Pressure Measurement:
Oil pressure@4 000 r/min (rpm),
oil temp. 90°C (194°F)
255 ∼ 314 kPa (2.6 ∼ 3.2 kgf/cm², 37 ∼ 46 psi)
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-7
Special Tools and Sealant
Oil Pressure Gauge, 10 kgf/cm²:
57001–164
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
Oil Pressure Gauge Adapter, PT3/8:
57001–1233
Oil Filter Wrench:
57001–1249
7-8 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Engine Oil and Oil Filter
WARNING
Motorcycle operation with insufficient, deteriorated, or contaminated engine oil will cause
accelerated wear and may result in engine or transmission seizure, accident, and injury.
Oil Level Inspection
that the engine oil level is between the upper [A]
• Check
and lower [B] levels in the gauge.
NOTE
○Situate the motorcycle so that it is perpendicular to the
ground.
○If the motorcycle has just been used, wait several minutes for all the oil to drain down.
○If the oil has just been changed, start the engine and
run it for several minutes at idle speed. This fills the oil
filter with oil. Stop the engine, then wait several minutes
until the oil settles.
CAUTION
Racing the engine before the oil reaches every part
can cause engine seizure.
If the engine oil gets extremely low or if the oil pump
or oil passages clog up or otherwise do not function
properly, the oil pressure warning light will light. If
this light stays on when the engine is running above
idle speed, stop the engine immediately and find the
cause.
If the oil level is too high, remove the excess oil, using a
syring or some other suitable device.
If the oil level is too low, add the correct amount of oil
through the oil filter opening. Use the same type and
make of oil that is already in the engine.
NOTE
○If the engine oil type and make are unknown, use any
brand of the specified oil to top off the level in preference
to running the engine with the oil level low. Then at your
earliest convenience, change the oil completely.
Engine Oil Change
• Refer to the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
Oil Filter Replacement
• Refer to the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-9
Oil Pan
Oil Pan Removal
• Remove:
Engine Oil (drain, see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Muffler (see Engine Top End chapter)
Oil Pan Bolts [A]
Oil Pan [B]
○Remove the oil pipe [A], oil pressure relief valve [B] and
oil screen [C] as necessary.
Oil Pan Installation
the oil screen [A].
• Clean
Install
the
screen so that the crankcase rib [B] fits the
• slot [C] of oil
the oil screen.
Apply
engine
oil to the O-rings on the oil pipe.
• If the oil pressure
relief valve was removed, install it.
○Apply a non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
the oil pressure relief valve, and tighten it.
CAUTION
Do not apply too much non-permanent locking
agent to the threads. This may block the oil passage.
Torque - Oil Pressure Relief Valve: 15 N·m (1.5 kgf·m, 11
ft·lb)
the clamp [A] at an angle of within 45° [B] as shown.
• Install
Replace
• Tighten: the oil pan gasket with a new one.
•
Torque - Oil Pan Bolts [C]: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
7-10 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Pressure Relief Valve
Oil Pressure Relief Valve Removal
• See Oil Pan Removal.
Oil Pressure Relief Valve Installation
• See Oil Pan Installation.
Oil Pressure Relief Valve Inspection
to see if the valve [A] slides smoothly when push• Check
ing it in with a wooden or other soft rod, and see if it comes
back to its seat by spring [B] pressure.
NOTE
○Inspect the valve in its assembled state.
Disassembly
and assembly may change the valve performance.
If any rough spots are found during above inspection,
wash the valve clean with a high-flash point solvent and
blow out any foreign particles that may be in the valve with
compressed air.
WARNING
Clean the oil pressure relief valve in a well
-ventilated area, and take care that there is no
spark or flame anywhere near the working area.
Because of the danger of highly flammable liquids,
do not use gasoline or low-flash point solvent.
If cleaning does not solve the problem, replace the oil
pressure relief valve as an assembly. The oil pressure
relief valve is precision made with no allowance for replacement of individual parts.
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-11
Oil Pump
Oil Pump Removal
• Drain:
Coolant (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
•
Engine Oil (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Remove:
Water Hose [A]
Water Pipe Fitting Bolts [B]
Water Pipes [C]
• Remove:
Water Pump Cover Bolts [A]
Clamp [B]
Water Pump Cover [C]
• Remove:
Water Pump Impeller Bolt [A]
Water Pump Impeller [B]
• Remove:
Water Pump Body
Oil Pump Cover
Oil (Water) Pump Shaft
Outer Rotor and Inner Rotor
NOTE
○The oil (water) pump assembly [A] can easily be removed by installing water pump cover bolt [B] into the
oil (water) pump shaft and pulling them.
Oil Pump Installation
the outer rotor [A] into the crankcase.
• Install
the pin [B], inner rotor [C] and oil (water) pump shaft
• Install
[D].
○Turn the pump shaft so that the slot [E] in its shaft fits onto
the projection [F] of the pump drive gear shaft.
7-12 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Pump
the pin [A] of the oil pump cover [B] into the hole [C] in
• Fit
the crankcase.
• Install:
Pins [A]
Water Pump Body [B]
• Install:
Impeller [A] and Bolt [B]
• Tighten:
Torque - Water Pump Impeller Bolt: 10 N·m (1.0 kgf·m, 87
in·lb)
• Install:
Pins [C]
Water Pump Cover and Bolts
Torque - Water Pump Cover Bolts: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95
in·lb)
• Install:
Water Pipes [A]
Tighten:
•
Torque - Water Pipe Fitting Bolts [B]: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95
in·lb)
the water hose [C] so that the white mark faces
• Install
outward.
• Tighten:
Torque - Water Hose Clamp Screws [D]: 2.0 N·m (0.2 kgf·m,
17 in·lb)
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-13
Oil Pump
Oil Pump Drive Gear Removal
• Remove:
Clutch (see Clutch chapter)
Oil Pan (see Oil Pan Removal)
Circlip [A] and Washer [B]
Oil Pump Drive Gear [C]
Oil Pump Drive Gear Installation
molybdenum disulfide oil solution to the journal por• Apply
tions [A] on the oil pump gear shaft [B].
• Install:
Washers [C]
Install
the circlip new [D] into the groove of the oil pump
• drive gear
shaft.
7-14 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Cooler
Oil Cooler Removal
• Drain:
Coolant (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
•
Engine Oil (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Remove:
Oil Filter (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Water Hose [A]
Oil Cooler Mounting Bolt [B] and Washer
Oil Cooler [C] and Water Hose
Oil Cooler Installation
• Install:
Water Hose [A]
• Tighten:
Torque - Water Hose Clamp Screws: 2.0 N·m (0.2 kgf·m, 17
in·lb)
• Apply grease to the O-ring [B] before installation.
the oil cooler so that the crankcase rib [A] fits the
• Install
slot [B] of the cooler.
engine oil to the oil cooler mounting bolt [A] before
• Apply
installation.
• Install:
Washer [B]
Tighten:
•
Torque - Oil Cooler Mounting Bolt: 78.5 N·m (8.0 kgf·m, 58
ft·lb)
• Install:
Oil Filter (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Pour:
• Coolant (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Engine Oil (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM 7-15
Oil Pressure Measurement
Oil Pressure Measurement
the oil passage plug, and attach the adapter [A]
• Remove
and gauge [B] to the plug hole.
Special Tools - Oil Pressure Gauge, 10 kgf/cm²: 57001–164
Oil Pressure Gauge Adapter, PT 3/8:
57001–1233
the engine and warm up the engine.
• Start
Run
the
at the specified speed, and read the oil
• pressureengine
gauge.
If the oil pressure is much lower than the standard, check
the oil pump, relief valve, and/or crankshaft bearing insert
wear immediately.
If the reading is much higher than the standard, check the
oil passages for clogging.
Oil Pressure
Standard: 255 ∼ 314 kPa (2.6 ∼ 3.2 kgf/cm², 37 ∼ 46 psi)
@4 000 r/min (rpm), oil temp. 90°C (194 °F)
the engine.
• Stop
Remove
the oil pressure gauge and adapter.
•
WARNING
Take care against burns form hot engine oil that
will drain through the oil passage when the gauge
adapter is removed.
a non-permanent locking agent to the oil passage
• Apply
plug, and install it.
Torque - Oil Passage Plug (Right): 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 14.5
ft·lb)
7-16 ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil Pressure Switch
Oil Pressure Switch Removal
• Remove:
Engine Oil (drain, see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Switch Cover [A]
Switch Terminal [B]
Oil Pressure Switch [C]
Oil Pressure Switch Installation
silicone sealant to the threads of the oil pressure
• Apply
switch and tighten it.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 56019–120
Torque - Oil Pressure Switch: 15 N·m (1.5 kgf·m, 11 ft·lb)
the switch lead direction upward.
• Install
Tighten
the terminal bolt.
•
Torque - Oil Pressure Switch Terminal Bolt: 1.5 N·m (0.15
kgf·m, 13 in·lb)
• Apply grease to the terminal.
ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION 8-1
Engine Removal/Installation
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Special Tools ..........................................................................................................................
Engine Removal/Installation ...................................................................................................
Engine Removal................................................................................................................
Engine Installation.............................................................................................................
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-9
8
8-2 ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION
Exploded View
ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION 8-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Adjusting collar locknut
49
5.0
36
S
2
Upper engine mounting bolts
44
4.5
32
S
3
Rear engine bracket bolts
25
2.5
18
S
4
Front engine bracket bolts
44
4.5
32
S
5
Middle engine mounting nut
44
4.5
32
S
6
Lower engine mounting nut
44
4.5
32
S
7. Adjusting Collar
8. Middle Engine Mounting Bolt
9. Lower Engine Mounting Bolt
S: Follow the specific tightening sequence.
8-4 ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION
Special Tools
Carburetor Drain Plug Wrench, Hex3:
57001–1269
Engine Mount Nut Wrench:
57001–1450
ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION 8-5
Engine Removal/Installation
Engine Removal
• Support the rear part of the swingarm with a stand [A].
the brake lever slowly and hold it with a band
• Squeeze
[A].
WARNING
Be sure to hold the front brake when removing the
engine, or the motorcycle may fall over. It could
cause an accident and injury.
CAUTION
Be sure to hold the front brake when removing the
engine, or the motorcycle may fall over. The engine
or the motorcycle could be damaged.
• Drain:
Engine Oil (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
•
Coolant (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Remove:
Seats (see Frame chapter)
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System chapter)
Side Covers (see Frame chapter)
Right Frame Cover [A] (see Frame chapter)
Right Radiator Cover [B] (see Cooling System chapter)
Clutch Cable Lower End [C] (see Clutch chapter)
8-6 ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION
Engine Removal/Installation
• Remove:
Radiator Hose Clamp [A] (Loosen)
Radiator Hose [B]
Oil Cooler Water Hose Clamp [C] (Loosen)
Oil Cooler Water Hose [D]
Radiator Bolt [E] (Loosen)
Radiator Bracket Bolt [F]
• Disconnect
Crankshaft Sensor Lead Connector (see Electrical System chapter)
Stick Coil Harness Connector [A]
• Remove:
Air Cleaner Housing Bolt [A]
Loosen:
• Throttle Body Assy Clamps Bolts #3, 4 [B] (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Special Tool - Carburetor Drain Plug Wrench,
57001–1269
Hex3:
• Remove:
Left Radiator Cover [A] (see Cooling System chapter)
Left Frame Cover [B] (see Frame chapter)
Shift Lever [C] (see Crankshaft/Transmission chapter)
Engine Sprocket Cover [D] (see Final Drive chapter)
Radiator Hose Clamp [E] (Loosen)
Radiator Hose [F]
off the connectors from the engine and free the wiring
• Pull
from the clamps.
○For California Model, remove the separate.
•
Starter Motor Lead [A] (see Electrical System chapter)
Alternator Lead Connector [B]
Neutral Switch Lead Connector [C]
Side Stand Switch Lead Connector [D]
Remove:
Engine Sprocket (see Final Drive chapter) [E]
ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION 8-7
Engine Removal/Installation
• Remove:
Camshaft Position Sensor Connector [A]
Injector Harness Connector [B]
Coolant Reserve Tank [A] (see Cooling System chapter)
Air Cleaner Housing Bolt [B]
Vacuum Switch Valve Hose [C]
• Remove:
Vacuum Switch Valve Tube [A]
Inlet Air Pressure Sensor Tube [B]
Throttle Body Assy [C]
○Loosen the #1,2 body assy clamps [D] and pull the throttle
body out of the holders, and then remove it to the left side.
Special Tool - Carburetor Drain Plug Wrench,
57001–1269
• Remove:
Breather Hose End [A]
• Remove:
Nuts [A]
Clamp Bolts [B]
Exhaust Pipe Assy [C]
Hex3:
8-8 ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION
Engine Removal/Installation
the engine with a suitable stand [A].
•○Support
Put a plank [B] onto the suitable stand for engine balance.
• Remove:
Right and Left Engine Upper Mounting Bolts [A]
Front Engine Bracket Bolts [B]
Front Engine Bracket [C]
the middle and lower engine mounting nuts [A]
• Remove
and bolts.
• Remove:
Rear Engine Bracket Bolts [B]
Rear Engine Bracket [C]
• Using the nut wrench [A], loosen the locknut [B].
Special Tool - Engine Mount Nut Wrench: 57001–1450
ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION 8-9
Engine Removal/Installation
the Hexagon Wrench, turn the adjusting collar [A]
• Using
counter clockwise to mark the gap between the engine
and flame adjusting collar.
• Remove the drive chain [A] from the output shaft [B].
the rear portion of the engine a little and remove
• Down
the engine ground [A].
○Unscrew the ground bolt [B].
the stand, take out the engine.
•○Using
Clear the camshaft position sensor from the frame.
Engine Installation
the engine [A] with a suitable stand [B].
•○Support
Put a plank onto the suitable stand for engine balance.
• Screw the adjusting collar [A] fully by hand.
• Install the engine ground cable.
Torque - Engine Ground Cable Terminal Bolt: 9.8 N·m (1.0
kgf·m, 87 in·lb)
8-10 ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION
Engine Removal/Installation
the engine mounting bolts and nuts, following the
• Install
specified installing sequence.
○First, hang the drive chain over the output shaft just before
moving the engine into its final position in the frame.
○Second, insert the lower engine mounting bolt [A].
○Third, install the rear engine bracket [B] temporarily.
○Fourth, insert the middle engine mounting bolts [C].
○Fifth, install the left upper engine mounting bolt [A] and
tighten it.
Torque - Left Upper Engine Mounting Bolt : 44 N·m (4.5
kgf·m, 32 ft·lb)
○Sixth, tighten the adjusting collar [A] until the clearance
between the crankcase [B] and frame bracket [C] come
to zero mm [D].
○Seventh, tighten the collar locknut [E].
Torque - Adjusting Collar Locknut : 49 N·m (5.0 kgf·m, 36
ft·lb)
Special Tool - Engine Mount Nut Wrench : 57001–1450
○Eighth, fit the projections [A] of the baffle plate [B] in the
holes [C] of the frame and front bracket [D].
ENGINE REMOVAL/INSTALLATION 8-11
Engine Removal/Installation
○Ninth, temporarily install:
Front Engine Bracket [A]
Front Right Engine Mounting Bolt [B]
○Tenth, tighten the rear bracket bolts.
Torque - Rear Engine Bracket Bolts: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18
ft·lb)
○Eleventh, tighten securely:
Middle Engine Mounting Nut
Lower Engine Mounting Nut
Torque - Engine Mounting Nut: 44 N·m (4.5 kgf·m, 32 ft·lb)
○Twelfth, tighten the right upper engine mounting bolt.
○Lastly, tighten the front bracket bolts.
Torque - Right Upper Engine Mounting Bolt : 44 N·m (4.5
kgf·m, 32 ft·lb)
Front Bracket Bolts: 44 N·m (4.5 kgf·m, 32 ft·lb)
the leads, cables and hoses correctly (see Cable,
• Run
Wire and Hose Routing section in Appendix chapter).
the removed parts (see appropriate chapters).
• Install
Adjust:
• Throttle Cables (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
•
•
Choke Cable (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Clutch Cable (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Drive Chain (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Fill the engine with engine oil (see Periodic Maintenance
chapter).
Fill the engine with coolant and bleed the air from the
cooling system (see Periodic Maintenance chapter).
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-1
Crankshaft/Transmission
Table of Contents
Exploded View...................................
Specifications ....................................
Special Tools and Sealant .................
Crankcase Splitting............................
Crankcase Splitting ......................
Crankcase Assembly ...................
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods......
Crankshaft Removal ....................
Crankshaft Installation .................
Connecting Rod Removal ............
Connecting Rod Installation .........
Crankshaft/Connecting Rod
Cleaning ....................................
Connecting Rod Bend..................
Connecting Rod Twist ..................
Connecting Rod Big End Side
Clearance..................................
Connecting Rod Big End Bearing
Insert/Crankpin Wear ................
Crankshaft Side Clearance ..........
Crankshaft Runout .......................
Crankshaft Main Bearing
Insert/Journal Wear...................
Starter Motor Clutch ..........................
Starter Motor Clutch
Removal/Installation..................
9-2
9-6
9-8
9-9
9-9
9-9
9-12
9-12
9-12
9-12
9-12
9-15
9-16
9-16
9-16
9-17
9-18
9-18
9-19
9-21
9-21
Starter Motor Clutch Assembly ....
Starter Motor Clutch Inspection ...
Transmission .....................................
Shift Pedal Removal ....................
Shift Pedal Installation .................
External Shift Mechanism
Removal ....................................
External Shift Mechanism
Installation .................................
External Shift Mechanism
Inspection..................................
Transmission Shaft Removal .......
Transmission Shaft Installation ....
Transmission Shaft Disassembly .
Transmission Shaft Assembly......
Shift Drum and Fork Removal......
Shift Drum and Fork Installation...
Shift Drum Disassembly...............
Shift Drum Assembly ...................
Shift Fork Bending .......................
Shift Fork/Gear Groove Wear ......
Shift Fork Guide Pin/Drum
Groove Wear.............................
Gear Dog and Gear Dog Hole
Damage.....................................
9-21
9-21
9-22
9-22
9-22
9-23
9-24
9-24
9-25
9-25
9-25
9-26
9-28
9-29
9-29
9-29
9-29
9-30
9-30
9-30
9
9-2 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Exploded View
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Breather plate bolts
10
1.0
87 in·lb
L
2
Crankcase bolts (M9, L=81 mm)
42
4.3
31
MO,S
3
Crankcase bolts (M9, L=95 mm)
49
5.0
36
MO,S
4
Crankcase bolts (M8)
27
2.8
20
S
5
Crankcase bolts (M7)
20
2.0
14.5
S
6
Crankcase bolts (M6)
12
1.2
104 in·lb
S
7
Starter motor clutch bolts
12
1.2
104 in·lb
L
8
Oil pipe holder bolts
13
1.3
113 in·lb
L
9
Shift drum bearing holder screw
5.4
0.55
48 in·lb
L
10 Shift drum bearing holder bolt
13
1.3
113 in·lb
L
11 Connecting rod big end nuts
see the text
←
←
←
12 Crankshaft position rotor bolt
40
4.0
29
13 Oil pressure switch
15
1.5
11
14 Oil pressure switch terminal bolt
1.5
0.15
13 in·lb
15 Oil passage plugs
20
2.0
14.5
16 Crankshaft sensor cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
17. Do not apply any grease or oil.
EO: Apply engine oil.
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
LG: Apply liquid gasket (Kawasaki Bond: 92104–1063).
M: Apply molybdenum disulfide grease.
MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide oil.
(mixture of the engine oil and molybdenum disulfide grease in a weight ratio 10:1)
R: Replacement Parts
S: Tightening the fasteners following the specified sequence.
SS: Apply silicone sealant (Kawasaki Bond: 56019–120).
SS
L
9-4 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Exploded View
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Shift pedal mounting bolt
34
3.5
25
2
Gear positioning lever bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
3
Shift shaft return spring pin
29
3.0
22
L
4
Shift drum cam holder bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
L
5
Footpeg bracket bolts
34
3.5
25
L
6
Shift lever bolt
6.9
0.7
61 in·lb
7
Tie-rod locknuts
6.9
0.7
61 in·lb
8
Neutral switch
15
1.5
11
EO: Apply engine oil.
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
R: Replacement Parts
L
9-6 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Specifications
Item
Crankshaft, Connecting Rods:
Connecting rod bend
Standard
---
Connecting rod twist
---
Connecting rod big end side clearance
0.13 ∼ 0.38 mm
(0.0051 ∼ 0.0150 in.)
0.041 ∼ 0.071 mm
(0.0016 ∼ 0.0028 in.)
34.984 ∼ 35.000 mm
(1.3773 ∼ 1.3780 in.)
34.984 ∼ 34.992 mm
(1.3773 ∼ 1.3776 in.)
34.993 ∼ 35.000 mm
(1.3777 ∼ 1.3780 in.)
38.000 ∼ 38.016 mm
(1.4961 ∼ 1.4967 in.)
38.000 ∼ 38.008 mm
(1.4961 ∼ 1.4964 in.)
38.009 ∼ 38.016 mm
(1.4964 ∼ 1.4967 in.)
Connecting rod big end bearing insert/crankpin
clearance
Crankpin diameter:
Marking
None
Connecting rod big end inside diameter:
Marking
Service Limit
None
TIR 0.2/100 mm
(0.008/3.94 in.)
TIR 0.2/100 mm
(0.008/3.94 in.)
0.58 mm
(0.023 in.)
0.11 mm
(0.0043 in.)
34.97 mm
(1.3768 in.)
- - - - - - - - - - -
Connecting rod big end bearing insert thickness:
Brown
1.475 ∼ 1.480 mm
(0.05807 ∼ 0.05827 in.)
Black
1.480 ∼ 1.485 mm
(0.05827 ∼ 0.05846 in.)
Blue
1.485 ∼ 1.490 mm
(0.05846 ∼ 0.05866 in.)
Connecting rod big end bearing insert selection:
Con-rod Big End
Bore Diameter
Marking
None
None
Crankpin
Diameter
Marking
- - - - -
Bearing Insert
None
Size Color
Brown
Black
Part Number
92139–1110
92139–1109
None
Blue
92139–1108
Connecting Rod Bolt Stretch:
(Usable Range)
New connecting rod
Used connecting rod
Crankshaft side clearance
- - -
0.24 ∼ 0.36 mm
(0.0094 ∼ 0.0142 in.)
0.20 ∼ 0.32 mm
(0.0079 ∼ 0.0126 in.)
0.05 ∼ 0.20 mm
(0.0020 ∼ 0.0079 in.)
- - - - 0.40 mm
(0.0157 in.)
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-7
Specifications
Item
Standard
TIR 0.02 mm (0.0008 in.) or
less
Crankshaft runout
Crankshaft main bearing insert/journal clearance 0.020 ∼ 0.044 mm
(0.0008 ∼ 0.0017 in.)
main
journal
diameter:
32.984 ∼ 33.000 mm
Crankshaft
(1.2986 ∼ 1.2992 in.)
Marking
None
32.984 ∼ 32.992 mm
(1.2986 ∼ 1.2989 in.)
1
32.993 ∼ 33.000 mm
(1.2989 ∼ 1.2992 in.)
36.000 ∼ 36.016 mm
Crankcase main bearing inside diameter:
(1.4173 ∼ 1.4179 in.)
Marking
36.000 ∼ 36.008 mm
(1.4173 ∼ 1.4176 in.)
None
36.009 ∼ 36.016 mm
(1.4177 ∼ 1.4179 in.)
Crankshaft main bearing insert thickness:
Brown
1.490 ∼ 1.494 mm
(0.0587 ∼ 0.0588 in.)
Black
1.494 ∼ 1.498 mm
(0.0588 ∼ 0.0590 in.)
Blue
1.498 ∼ 1.502 mm
(0.0590 ∼ 0.0591 in.)
Crankshaft main bearing insert selection:
Crankcase Main
Bearing Inside
Diameter Marking
Crankshaft Main
Journal Diameter
Marking
1
Service Limit
TIR 0.05 mm
(0.0020 in.)
0.07 mm
(0.0028 in.)
32.96 mm
(1.2976 in.)
- - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - -
Bearing Insert*
Part Number
Journal Nos.
92028–1868
3, 5
92028–1829
1, 2, 4
None
1
Black
92028–1867
3, 5
None
92028–1828
1, 2, 4
None
None
Blue
92028–1866
3, 5
92028–1827
1, 2, 4
*The bearing inserts for Nos. 1, 2 and 4 journals have an oil groove, respectively.
Transmission:
Shift fork ear thickness
Gear groove width
Shift fork guide pin diameter
Shift drum groove width
Size Color
Brown
5.9 ∼ 6.0 mm
(0.232 ∼ 0.236 in.)
6.05 ∼ 6.15 mm
(0.238 ∼ 0.242 in.)
6.9 ∼ 7.0 mm
(0.272 ∼ 0.276 in.)
7.05 ∼ 7.20 mm
(0.278 ∼ 0.283 in.)
5.8 mm
(0.228 in.)
6.25 mm
(0.246 in.)
6.8 mm
(0.268 in.)
7.3 mm
(0.287 in.)
9-8 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Special Tools and Sealant
Bearing Puller:
57001–135
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
Bearing Puller Adapter:
57001–317
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
92104–1063
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-9
Crankcase Splitting
Crankcase Splitting
the engine (see Engine Removal/Installation
• Remove
chapter).
the engine on a clean surface and hold the engine
• Set
steady while parts are being removed.
• Remove:
Crankshaft Sensor (see Electrical System chapter)
Clutch (see Clutch chapter)
External Shift Mechanism (see External Shift Mechanism Removal)
Starter Motor (see Electrical System chapter)
Oil Pump (see Engine Lubrication System chapter)
Alternator Rotor (see Electrical System chapter)
Oil Filter (see Periodic Maintenance chapter)
Oil Cooler (see Engine Lubrication System chapter)
If the crankshaft is to be removed, remove the pistons
(see Engine Top End chapter).
the upper crankcase bolts.
•○Remove
First loosen the M6 bolts.
M6 Bolts [A]
M7 Bolts [B]
M8 Bolts [C]
the oil pan, oil pressure relief valve, oil screen
• Remove
and oil pipes (see Engine Lubrication System chapter).
the lower crankcase bolts and clamp.
•○Remove
First loosen the M7 bolts.
•
M7 Bolts [A]
M9 Bolts [B]
Tap lightly around the crankcase mating surface with a
plastic mallet, and split the crankcase. Take care not to
damage the crankcase.
Crankcase Assembly
CAUTION
The upper and lower crankcase halves are machined at the factory in the assembled state, so the
crankcase halves must be replaced as a set.
a high-flash point solvent, clean off the mating sur• With
faces of the crankcases halves and wipe dry.
compressed air, blow out the oil passages in the
• Using
crankcase halves.
9-10 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Crankcase Splitting
liquid gasket to the breather plate mating surface
• Apply
[A] 1 to 1.5 mm (0.04 to 0.06 in.) thick, and then install
the breather plate.
Sealant - Three Bond: 1207B
a non-permanent locking agent to the threads and
• Apply
tighten the bolts [A].
Torque - Breather Plate Bolts: 10 N·m (1.0 kgf·m, 87 in·lb)
the breather hose [A].
•○Install
Align the white mark on the hose with the white mark on
the pipe.
○Install the clamp [B] so that its head faces to right side.
[C] Breather Plate
• Install:
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
Camshaft Chain [A]
Transmission Shafts and Gears
Dowel Pins [B]
Shift Drum
Shift Forks and Shift Rods
Before fitting the lower case on the upper case, check the
following.
○Be sure to hang the camshaft chain on the crankshaft.
○Check to see that the shift drum and transmission gears
are in the neutral position.
•
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-11
Crankcase Splitting
liquid gasket [A] to the mating surface of the lower
• Apply
crankcase half.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 92104–1063
CAUTION
Do not apply liquid gasket around the crankshaft
main bearing inserts, and oil passage holes.
• Fit the lower crankcase to the upper crankcase.
molybdenum disulfide grease to the seating surface
• Apply
[A] on the lower crankcase for the M9 bolts [B].
[C] Washer
the lower crankcase bolts using the following
• Tighten
steps.
○Following the sequence numbers on the lower crankcase
half, tighten the M9 bolts [1 ∼ 6] L= 81 mm (3.19 in.).
Torque - Crankcase Bolts (M9): 42 N·m (4.3 kgf·m, 30 ft·lb)
○Tighten the M9 bolts [7 ∼ 10] L= 95 mm (3.74 in.)
with
washers.
Torque - Crankcase Bolts (M9): 49 N·m (5.0 kgf·m, 36 ft·lb)
○Tighten the M7 bolts [A].
Torque - Crankcase Bolts (M6): 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 14.5
ft·lb)
[B] Clamp
• Tighten the upper crankcase bolts in the order listed.
Torque - Crankcase Bolts (M8) [A]: 27 N·m (2.8 kgf·m, 20
ft·lb)
Crankcase Bolts (M7): 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 14.5
ft·lb)
[B] L= 85 mm (3.35 in.)
[C] L= 50 mm (1.97 in.)
Crankcase Bolts (M6): 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m, 104 in·lb)
[D] L= 60 mm (2.36 in.)
[E] L= 40 mm (1.57 in.)
[F] L= 90 mm (3.54 in.)
[G] Clamp
tightening all crankcase bolts, check the following
• After
items.
○Crankshaft and transmission shafts turn freely.
○While spinning the output shaft, gears shift smoothly from
the 1st to 6th gear, and 6th to 1st.
○When the output shaft stays still,
the gear can not be
shifted to 2nd gear or other higher gear positions.
9-12 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
Crankshaft Removal
the crankcase (see Crankcase Splitting).
• Split
• Remove the crankshaft [A].
Crankshaft Installation
CAUTION
If the crankshaft, bearing inserts, or crankcase
halves are replaced with new ones, select the bearing inserts and check clearance with a plastigage
(press gauge) before assembling engine to be sure
the correct bearing inserts are installed.
molybdenum disulfide oil solution to the crankshaft
• Apply
main bearing inserts.
the crankshaft with the camshaft chain [A] hanging
• Install
on it.
Connecting Rod Removal
the crankcase (see Crankcase Splitting).
• Split
Remove
connecting rod nuts [A].
• Remove the
the crankshaft.
•
NOTE
○Mark and record the locations of the connecting rods
and their big end caps so that they can be reassembled
in their original positions.
• Remove the connecting rods from the crankshaft.
CAUTION
Discard the connecting rod bolts. To prevent damage to the crankpin surfaces, do not allow the connecting rod bolts to bump against the crankpins.
Connecting Rod Installation
CAUTION
To minimize vibration, the connecting rods should
have the same weight mark.
Big End Cap [A]
Connecting Rod [B]
Weight Mark, Alphabet [C]
Diameter Mark [D]: “ ” or no mark
CAUTION
If the connecting rods, big end bearing inserts, or
crankshaft are replaced with new ones, select the
bearing insert and check clearance with a plastigage (press gauge) before assembling engine to be
sure the correct bearing inserts are installed.
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-13
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
molybdenum disulfide grease [A] to the outer sur• Apply
face of the upper insert and the inner surface of the connecting rod big end.
Apply molybdenum disulfide oil [B] to the inner surfaces
of upper and lower bearing inserts.
○The molybdenum disulfide oil is a mixture of engine oil
and molybdenum disulfide grease with a weight ratio
(10:1).
○Do not apply any grease or oil [C] to the cap inside and
cap insert outside.
○Install the inserts so that their nails [D] are on the same
side and fit them into the recess of the connecting rod and
cap.
•
CAUTION
Wrong application of oil and grease could cause
bearing damage.
○When installing the inserts [A], be careful not to damage
•
•
•
the insert surface with the edge of the connecting rod [B]
or the cap [C]. One way to install inserts is as follows:
Installation [D] to Cap
Installation [E] to Connecting Rod
Push [F]
Spare Dowel Pin [G]
Connecting Rod Bolts [H]
Install the cap on the connecting rod, aligning the mass
and diameter marks.
Remove debris and clean the surface of inserts.
Apply molybdenum disulfide oil [MO] to the threads and
seating surfaces of the big end nuts and bolts.
the crankshaft (see Crankshaft Installation).
• Install
each connecting rod on its original crankpin.
•○Install
The connecting rod big end is bolted using the “plastic
region fastening method”.
○This method precisely achieves the needed clamping
force without exceeding it unnecessarily, allowing the
use of thinner, lighter bolts further decreasing connecting
rod mass.
○There are two types of the plastic region fastening. One is
a bolt length measurement method and other is a rotation
angle method. Observe one of the following two, but the
bolt length measurement method is preferable because
this is a more reliable way to tighten the big end nuts.
CAUTION
The connecting rod bolts are designed to stretch
when tightened. Never reuse the connecting rod
bolts. See the table below for correct bolt and nut
usage.
CAUTION
Be careful not to overtighten the nuts.
The bolts must be positioned on the seating surface
correctly to prevent the bolt heads from hitting the
crankcase.
9-14 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
(1) Bolt Length Measurement Method
Be sure to clean the bolts, nuts, and connecting rods
thoroughly with a high-flash point solvent, because the
new connecting rods, bolts, and nuts are treated with an
anti-rust solution.
•
WARNING
Clean the bolts, nuts, and connecting rods in a well
-ventilated area, and take care that there is no spark
or flame anywhere near the working area. This includes any appliance with a pilot light. Because of
the danger of highly flammable liquids, do not use
gasoline or low-flash point solvents to clean them.
CAUTION
Immediately dry the bolts and nuts with compressed air after cleaning.
Clean and dry the bolts and nuts completely.
new bolts in reused connecting rods.
• Install
Dent
both
bolt head and bolt tip with a punch as shown.
• Before tightening,
use a point micrometer [A] to measure
• the length of new connecting
rod bolts and record the val-
•
•
•
ues to find the bolt stretch.
Connecting Rod [B]
Mark here with a punch [C].
Nuts [D]
Fit micrometer pins into punch marks [E].
Apply a small amount of molybdenum disulfide oil to the
following:
Threads of Nuts and Bolts
Seating Surfaces of Nuts and Con-rods
Tighten the big end nuts until the bolt elongation reaches
the length specified in the table.
Check the length [F] of the connecting rod bolts.
If the stretch is more than the usable range, the bolt has
stretched too much. An overelongated bolt may break in
use.
Bolt Length
after tightening
–
Bolt Length
before tightening
Connecting
Rod Assy
Bolt
Nut
New
Use the bolts
attached to
new con-rod.
Used
Replace the
bolts with
new ones.
Attached to
new con-rod
New
Used
New
=
Bolt Stretch
Usable Range of
Connecting Rod
Bolt Stretch
0.24 ∼ 0.36 mm
(0.0094
∼ 0.0142 in.)
0.20 ∼ 0.32 mm
(0.0079
∼ 0.0126 in.)
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-15
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
(2) Rotation Angle Method
If you don’t have a point micrometer, you may tighten the
nuts using the “Rotation Angle Method”.
Be sure to clean the bolts and nuts thoroughly with a high
-flash point solvent, because the new bolts and nuts are
treated with an anti-rust solution.
•
WARNING
Clean the bolts and nuts in a well-ventilated area,
and take care that there is no spark or flame anywhere near the working area. This includes any appliance with a pilot light. Because of the danger
or highly flammable liquids, do not use gasoline or
low-flash point solvents to clean them.
CAUTION
Immediately dry the bolts and nuts with compressed air after cleaning.
Clean and dry the bolts and nuts completely.
new bolts in reused connecting rods.
• Install
Apply
a
• following:small amount of molybdenum disulfide oil to the
Threads [A] of Nuts and Bolts
Seating Surfaces [B] of Nuts and Con-rods
tighten the nuts to the specified torque. See the
• First,
table below.
tighten the nuts 120° ± 5° .
•○Next,
Mark [A] the connecting rod big end caps and nuts so that
nuts can be turned 120° [B] properly.
○Tighten the hexagon nut by 2 corners.
Connecting
Rod Assy
Bolt
New
Use the bolts
attached to
new con-rod.
Used
Replace the
bolts with
new ones
Torque + Angle
Nut
N·m (kgf·m, ft·lb)
Attached to 18 (1.8, 13.0)
new con-rod + 120°
20 (2.0, 14.5)
New
+ 120°
24 (2.4, 17.4)
Used
+ 120°
25 (2.6, 18.8)
New
+ 120°
Crankshaft/Connecting Rod Cleaning
removing the connecting rods from the crankshaft,
• After
clean them with a high-flash point solvent.
the crankshaft oil passages with compressed air to
• Blow
remove any foreign particles or residue that may have
accumulated in the passages.
9-16 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
Connecting Rod Bend
the connecting rod big end bearing inserts, and
• Remove
the
connecting rod big end cap.
reinstall
an arbor [A] of the same diameter as the connect• Select
ing rod big end, and insert the arbor through the connect-
•
•
•
ing rod big end.
Select an arbor of the same diameter as the piston pin and
more than 105 mm (4.13 in.) long, and insert the arbor [B]
through the connecting rod small end.
On a surface plate, set the big-end arbor on V blocks [C].
With the connecting rod held vertically, use a height
gauge to measure the difference in the height of the
arbor above the surface plate over a 100 mm (3.94 in.)
length to determine the amount of connecting rod bend.
If connecting rod bend exceeds the service limit, the connecting rod must be replaced.
Connecting Rod Bend
Service Limit: TIR 0.2/100 mm (0.008/3.94 in.)
Connecting Rod Twist
the big-end arbor [A] still on V block [C], hold the con• With
necting rod horizontally and measure the amount that the
arbor [B] varies from being parallel with the surface plate
over a 100 mm (3.94 in.) length of the arbor to determine
the amount of connecting rod twist.
If connecting rod twist exceeds the service limit, the connecting rod must be replaced.
Connecting Rod Twist
Service Limit: TIR 0.2/100 mm (0.008/3.94 in.)
Connecting Rod Big End Side Clearance
connecting rod big end side clearance.
•○Measure
Insert a thickness gauge [A] between the big end and either crank web to determine clearance.
Connecting Rod Big End Side Clearance
Standard:
0.13 ∼ 0.38 mm (0.0051 ∼ 0.0150 in.)
Service Limit: 0.58 mm (0.023 in.)
If the clearance exceeds the service limit, replace the connecting rod with new one and then check clearance again.
If clearance is too large after connecting rod replacement,
the crankshaft also must be replaced.
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-17
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
Connecting Rod Big End Bearing Insert/Crankpin
Wear
the bearing insert/crankpin [B] clearance with
• Measure
plastigage [A].
○Tighten the big end nuts to the specified torque (see Connecting Rod Installation).
NOTE
○Do not move the connecting rod and crankshaft during
clearance measurement.
CAUTION
After measurement, replace the connecting rod
bolts.
Connecting Rod Big End Bearing Insert/Crankpin Clearance
Standard:
0.041 ∼ 0.071 mm (0.0016 ∼ 0.0028 in.)
Service Limit: 0.11 mm (0.0043 in.)
If the clearance is within the standard, no bearing replacement is required.
If the clearance is between 0.072 mm (0.00284 in.) and
the service limit (0.11 mm, 0.0043 in.), replace the bearing inserts [A] with inserts painted blue [B]. Check insert/crankpin clearance with the plastigage. The clearance may exceed the standard slightly, but it must not be
less than the minimum in order to avoid bearing seizure.
If the clearance exceeds the service limit, measure the
diameter of the crankpins.
Crankpin Diameter
Standard:
34.984 ∼ 35.000 mm (1.3773 ∼ 1.3780 in.)
Service Limit: 34.97 mm (1.3768 in.)
If any crankpin has worn past the service limit, replace the
crankshaft with a new one.
If the measured crankpin diameters are not less than the
service limit, but do not coincide with the original diameter
markings on the crankshaft, make new marks on it.
Crankpin Diameter Marks
None
34.984 ∼ 34.992 mm (1.3773 ∼ 1.3776 in.)
34.993 ∼ 35.000 mm (1.3777 ∼ 1.3780 in.)
∆: Crankpin Diameter Marks, "
" or no mark.
the connecting rod big end inside diameter, and
• Measure
mark each connecting rod big end in accordance with the
•
inside diameter.
Tighten the connecting rod big end nuts to the specified
torque (see Connecting Rod Installation).
NOTE
○The mark already on the big end should almost coincide
with the measurement.
9-18 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
Connecting Rod Big End Inside Diameter Marks
None
38.000mm ∼ 38.008mm (1.4961 ∼ 1.4964 in.)
38.009 ∼ 38.016 mm (1.4964 ∼ 1.4967 in.)
Big End Cap [A]
Connecting Rod [B]
Weight Mark, Alphabet [C]
Diameter Mark (Around Weight Mark) [D]: “
mark
” or no
the proper bearing insert [A] in accordance with the
• Select
combination of the connecting rod and crankshaft coding.
Size Color [B]
Con-rod Big End
Crankpin
Inside Diameter
Diameter
Marking
Marking
Bearing Insert
Size Color
Part Number
Brown
92139–1110
Black
92139–1109
Blue
92139–1108
None
None
None
None
the new inserts in the connecting rod and check
• Install
insert/crankpin clearance with the plastigage.
Crankshaft Side Clearance
a thickness gauge [A] between the crankcase main
• Insert
bearing and the crank web at the No. 2 journal [B] to
determine clearance.
If the clearance exceeds the service limit, replace the
crankcase halves as a set.
NOTE
○The upper and lower crankcase halves are machined
at the factory in the assembled state, so the crankcase
halves must be replaced as a set.
Crankshaft Side Clearance
Standard:
0.05 ∼ 0.20 mm (0.0020 ∼ 0.0079 in.)
Service Limit: 0.40 mm (0.0157 in.)
Crankshaft Runout
the crankshaft runout.
• Measure
If the measurement exceeds the service limit, replace the
crankshaft.
Crankshaft Runout
Standard:
TIR 0.02 mm (0.0008 in.) or less
Service Limit: TIR 0.05 mm (0.0020 in.)
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-19
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
Crankshaft Main Bearing Insert/Journal Wear
a plastigage (press gauge) [A], measure the bear• Using
ing insert/journal [B] clearance.
NOTE
○Tighten the crankcase bolts to the specified torque (see
Crankcase Assembly).
○Do not turn the crankshaft during clearance measurement.
○Journal clearance less than 0.025 mm (0.00098 in.) can
not be measured by plastigage, however, using genuine
parts maintains the minimum standard clearance.
Crankshaft Main Bearing Insert/Journal Clearance
Standard:
0.020 ∼ 0.044 mm (0.0008 ∼ 0.0017 in.)
Service Limit: 0.07 mm (0.0028 in.)
If the clearance is within the standard, no bearing replacement is required.
If the clearance is between 0.045 mm (0.0018 in.) and the
service limit 0.07 mm, (0.0028 in.), replace the bearing inserts [A] with inserts painted blue [B]. Check insert/journal
clearance with the plastigage. The clearance may exceed
the standard slightly, but it must not be less than the minimum in order to avoid bearing seizure.
If the clearance exceeds the service limit, measure the
diameter of the crankshaft main journal.
Crankshaft Main Journal Diameter
Standard:
32.984 ∼ 33.000 mm (1.2986 ∼ 1.2992 in.)
Service Limit: 32.96 mm (1.2976 in.)
If any journal has worn past the service limit, replace the
crankshaft with a new one.
If the measured journal diameters are not less than the
service limit, but do not coincide with the original diameter
markings on the crankshaft, make new marks on it.
Crankshaft Main Journal Diameter Marks
None
32.984 ∼ 32.992 mm (1.2986 ∼ 1.2989 in.)
1
32.993 ∼ 33.000 mm (1.2989 ∼ 1.2992 in.)
□: Crankshaft Main Journal Diameter Marks, "1" or no
mark.
9-20 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Crankshaft and Connecting Rods
the main bearing inside diameter, and mark the
• Measure
upper crankcase half in accordance with the inside diam-
•
eter.
Crankcase Main Bearing Inside Diameter Marks : " "
or no mark.
Tighten the crankcase bolts to the specified torque (see
Crankcase Assembly).
NOTE
○The mark already on the upper crankcase half should
almost coincide with the measurement.
Crankcase Main Bearing Inside Diameter Marks
36.000 ∼ 36.008 mm (1.4173 ∼ 1.4176 in.)
None 36.009 ∼ 36.016 mm (1.4177 ∼ 1.4179 in.)
the proper bearing insert [A] in accordance with the
• Select
combination of the crankcase and crankshaft coding.
Size Color [B]
Crankcase Main
Crankshaft Main
Bearing Inside
Journal Diameter
Diameter Marking
Marking
Size Color
Part Number
Journal Nos.
1
Brown
92028–1868
3, 5
92028–1829
1, 2, 4
92028–1867
3, 5
92028–1828
1, 2, 4
92028–1866
3, 5
92028–1827
1, 2, 4
None
1
Bearing Insert*
Black
None
None
•
None
Blue
*The bearing inserts for Nos. 1, 2 and 4 journals have an oil groove, respectively.
Install the new inserts in the crankcase halves and check
insert/journal clearance with the plastigage.
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-21
Starter Motor Clutch
Starter Motor Clutch Removal/Installation
to the Alternator Rotor Removal and Installation in
• Refer
the Electrical System chapter.
Starter Motor Clutch Assembly
sure to install the one-way clutch [A] so that its flange
• Be
[B] fits in the holder recess [C].
a non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
• Apply
the starter motor clutch bolts, and tighten them.
Torque - Starter Motor Clutch Bolts: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m, 104
in·lb)
Starter Motor Clutch Inspection
• Remove:
Alternator Cover (see Electrical System chapter)
•
•
Starter Idle Gear
Turn the starter motor clutch gear [A] by hand. The starter
motor clutch gear should turn clockwise [B] freely, but
should not turn counterclockwise [C].
If the clutch does not operate as it should or if it makes
noise, go to the next step.
Remove and disassemble the starter motor clutch, and
visually inspect the clutch parts.
If there is any worn or damaged part, replace it.
NOTE
○Examine the starter motor clutch gear as well. Replace
it if it is worn or damaged.
9-22 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Transmission
Shift Pedal Removal
[A] the position of the shift lever [B] on the shift shaft
• Mark
so that it can be installed later in the same position.
• Remove:
Shift Lever Bolt [C]
Shift Lever
• Remove:
Footpeg Bracket Bolts [A]
Muffler Mounting Bolt [B]
Footpeg Bracket [C]
• Remove the bolt [A], footpeg [B], and shift pedal [C].
Shift Pedal Installation
grease to the oil seal lip.
• Apply
the oil seals [A] in the shift pedal housing [B] so that
• Press
the oil seal surfaces are flush with the housing end [C] as
shown.
grease to the sliding surfaces [A] on the footpeg
• Apply
holder [B].
a non-permanent locking agent to the shift pedal
• Apply
mounting bolt [C].
• Tighten:
Torque - Shift Pedal Mounting Bolt: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25
ft·lb)
[D] Footpeg Bracket
[E] Shift Pedal
[F] Oil Seals
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-23
Transmission
the footpeg bracket [A].
• Install
Apply
non-permanent locking agent
• bracketabolts
[B].
Tighten:
•
to the footpeg
Torque - Footpeg bracket Bolts: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25 ft·lb)
Muffler Mounting Bolt and Nut [C]: 29 N·m (3.0
kgf·m, 22 ft·lb)
the shift lever [A], aligning the mark (previously
• Install
marked).
• TIghten:
Torque - Shift Lever Bolt: 6.9 N·m (0.7 kgf·m, 61 in·lb)
the shift pedal [B] as shown.
• Install
[C] Right Angle (90°)
○To adjust the pedal position, loosen the front locknut [D]
(left-hand threads) and rear locknut [E] and then turn the
tie-rod [F].
○Tighten:
Torque - Tie-rod Locknuts: 6.9 N·m (0.7 kgf·m, 61 in·lb)
External Shift Mechanism Removal
• Remove:
Engine Oil (drain, see Engine Lubrication System chapter)
Shift Pedal (see Shift Pedal Removal)
Clutch (see Clutch chapter)
Oil Pipe Holder Bolts [A]
Oil Pipe Holders [B], Oil Pipe [C] and O-ring
the shift shaft assembly [A] while pulling the shift
• Remove
mechanism arm [B] to the direction of the arrow.
9-24 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Transmission
• Remove:
Gear Positioning Lever Bolt [A]
Gear Positioning Lever [B], Collar and spring
External Shift Mechanism Installation
the gear positioning lever [A] as shown.
• Install
Spring [B]
•
Collar [C]
Bolt [D]
Tighten:
Torque - Gear Positioning Lever Bolt: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
grease to the O-ring on the oil pipe ends.
• Apply
a non-permanent locking agent to the oil pipe holder
• Apply
bolts and tighten them.
Torque - Oil Pipe Holder Bolts: 13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m, 113 in·lb)
External Shift Mechanism Inspection
the shift shaft [A] for any damage.
• Examine
If the shaft is bent, straighten or replace it.
If the serration [B] are damaged, replace the shaft.
If the springs [C] are damaged in any way, replace them.
If the shift mechanism arm [D] is damaged in any way,
replace the arm.
the return spring pin [A] is not loose.
• Check
If it is loose, unscrew it, apply a non-permanent locking
agent to the threads, and tighten it.
Torque - Shift Shaft Return Spring Pin: 29 N·m (3.0 kgf·m,
22 ft·lb)
the gear positioning lever [B] and its spring for
• Check
breaks or distortion.
•
If the lever or spring are damaged in any way, replace
them.
Visually inspect the shift drum cam [C].
If they are badly worn or if they show any damage, replace
it.
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-25
Transmission
Transmission Shaft Removal
the crankcase (see Crankcase Splitting).
• Split
• Remove the drive shaft [A] and output shaft [B].
Transmission Shaft Installation
to see that the set pins [A] and set rings [B] are in
• Check
place.
the drive shaft and output shaft into the upper
• Install
crankcase half.
engine oil to the sliding surfaces of the gears and
• Apply
bearings.
○The bearing set pins and rings must match properly with
the holes or grooves in the bearing outer races. When
they are properly matched, there is no clearance [A] between the crankcase and the bearing outer races.
the crankcase.
• Assemble
Press
in
the
[A] onto collar [B] so that the surface
• of the oil sealoilis seal
flush with the counterbore bottom surface
[C] of the crankcase.
Transmission Shaft Disassembly
the transmission shafts (see Transmission Shaft
• Remove
Removal).
the circlips, disassemble the transmission
• Remove
shafts.
5th gear [A] on the output shaft has three steel balls
• The
assembled into it for the positive neutral finder mechanism.
Remove the 5th gear as follows.
○Set the output shaft in a vertical position holding the 3rd
gear [B].
○Spin the 5th gear quickly [C] and pull it off upward.
•
9-26 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Transmission
• Remove the ball bearing [A] from each shafts.
Special Tools - Bearing Puller: 57001–135 [B]
Bearing Puller Adapter: 57001–317 [C]
• Discard the bearing.
Transmission Shaft Assembly
engine oil to the sliding surfaces on the transmis• Apply
sion shafts, gears and bushings.
the gear bushings [A] on the shaft with their holes
• Install
[B] aligned.
any circlips removed with new ones.
• Replace
Install
the
[A] so that the opening [B] is aligned
• with a splinecirclips
groove [C].
drive shaft gears can be recognized by size: the gear
• The
with the smallest diameter is 1st gear, and the largest one
is 6th gear. Be sure that all parts are put back in the correct sequence and all circlips and washers are properly in
place (see Transmission Assembly illustration).
○Install the 3rd/4th gear onto the drive shaft with their oil
holes aligned.
○Install the 6th gear bushing onto the drive shaft with their
oil holes aligned.
The output shaft gears can be recognized by size: the
gear with the largest diameter is 1st gear, and the smallest
one is 6th gear. Be sure that all parts are put back in the
correct sequence and all circlips and washers are properly in place (see Transmission Assembly illustration).
○Install the 5th and 6th gears onto the output shaft with
their oil holes aligned.
○Install the 3rd/4th gear bushings onto the output shaft with
their oil holes aligned.
•
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-27
Transmission
NOTE
○When the toothed washers [28] [29] are assembled onto
the output shaft, note the following.
○When the tangs [A] of the toothed washer [29] shall be
assembled, they should be installed into the notch [B]
of the toothed washer [28].
○Fit the steel balls into the 5th gear holes in the output
shaft, aligning three oil holes [D] (see Section BB in the
output shaft illustration).
5th Gear [A]
Output Shaft [B]
Steel Balls [C]
CAUTION
Do not apply grease to the balls to hold them in
place. This will cause the positive neutral finder
mechanism to malfunction.
○After assembling the 5th gear with steel balls in place on
•
the output shaft, check the ball-locking effect that the 5th
gear doesn’t come out of the output shaft when moving it
up and down by hand.
Check that each gear spins or slides freely on the transmission shafts without binding after assembly.
9-28 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Transmission
1. 1st Gear
2. 2nd Gear
3. 3rd Gear
4. 4th Gear
5. 5th Gear
6. 6th (Top) Gear
7. Toothed Washer,
31
mm (1.22 in.)
8. Thrust Washer, 30 mm
(1.18 in.)
9. Circlip
10. Circlip
11. Bushing
12. Bushing
13. Needle Bearing
14. Needle Bearing
15. Bearing Outer Race
16. Steel Ball
17. Nut
18. Bushing
19. Bushing
20. Circlip
21. Ball Bearing
22. Collar
Shift Drum and Fork Removal
• Remove:
Lower Crankcase Half (see Crankcase Splitting)
•
•
Transmission Shafts
External Shift Mechanism (see External Shift Mechanism Removal)
Bolt [A] and Screw [B]
Shift Drum Bearing Holder [C]
Pull out the shift rods [D], and take off the shift forks.
Pull out the shift drum [E].
23. Washer
24. Toothed Washer
25. Oil Seal
26. Thrust Washer, 31 mm
(1.22 in.)
27. Thrust Washer, 33 mm
(1.30 in.)
28. Toothed Washer
29. Toothed Washer
30. Toothed Washer,
35
mm (1.38 in.)
CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION 9-29
Transmission
Shift Drum and Fork Installation
the shift rods [A], noting the groove position. The
• Install
rods are identical.
the one with shortest ears [B] on the drive shaft
• Position
and place the pin in the center groove in the shift drum
[C].
○The two forks [D] on the output shaft are identical.
Install the forks as shown.
Apply a non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
the shift drum bearing holder bolt and screw, and tighten
them.
•
•
Torque - Shift Drum Bearing Holder Bolt: 13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m,
113 in·lb)
Shift Drum Bearing Holder Screw: 5.4 N·m (0.55
kgf·m, 48 in·lb)
Shift Drum Disassembly
the shift drum (see Shift Drum and Fork Re• Remove
moval).
holding the shift drum with a vise, remove the shift
• While
drum cam holder bolt.
[A] Shift Drum Cam Holder Bolt
[B] Dowel Pin
Shift Drum Assembly
sure to install the dowel pin.
• Be
Apply
non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
• the shifta drum
cam holder bolt, and tighten it.
Torque - Shift Drum Cam Holder Bolt: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
Shift Fork Bending
inspect the shift forks, and replace any fork that is
• Visually
bent. A bent fork could cause difficulty in shifting, or allow
the transmission to jump out of gear when under power.
90° [A]
9-30 CRANKSHAFT/TRANSMISSION
Transmission
Shift Fork/Gear Groove Wear
the thickness of the shift fork ears [A], and mea• Measure
width
[B] of the gear grooves.
sure the
If the thickness of a shift fork ear is less than the service
limit, the shift fork must be replaced.
Shift Fork Ear Thickness
Standard:
5.9 ∼ 6.0 mm (0.232 ∼ 0.236 in.)
Service Limit: 5.8 mm (0.228 in.)
If the gear groove is worn over the service limit, the gear
must be replaced.
Gear Groove Width
Standard:
6.05 ∼ 6.15 mm (0.238 ∼ 0.242 in.)
Service Limit: 6.25 mm (0.246 in.)
Shift Fork Guide Pin/Drum Groove Wear
the diameter of each shift fork guide pin [A], and
• Measure
measure the width [B] of each shift drum groove.
If the guide pin on any shift fork is less than the service
limit, the fork must be replaced.
Shift Fork Guide Pin Diameter
Standard:
6.9 ∼ 7.0 mm (0.272 ∼ 0.276 in.)
Service Limit: 6.8 mm (0.268 in.)
If any shift drum groove is worn over the service limit, the
drum must be replaced.
Shift Drum Groove Width
Standard:
7.05 ∼ 7.20 mm (0.278 ∼ 0.283 in.)
Service Limit: 7.3 mm (0.287 in.)
Gear Dog and Gear Dog Hole Damage
inspect the gear dogs [A] and gear dog holes [B].
• Visually
Replace any damaged gears or gears with excessively
worn dogs or dog holes.
WHEELS/TIRES 10-1
Wheels/Tires
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Specifications .........................................................................................................................
Special Tools ..........................................................................................................................
Wheels (Rims) ........................................................................................................................
Front Wheel Removal .......................................................................................................
Front Wheel Installation ....................................................................................................
Rear Wheel Removal........................................................................................................
Rear Wheel Installation.....................................................................................................
Wheel Inspection ..............................................................................................................
Axle Inspection..................................................................................................................
Balance Inspection............................................................................................................
Balance Adjustment ..........................................................................................................
Balance Weight Removal..................................................................................................
Balance Weight Installation...............................................................................................
Tires........................................................................................................................................
Air Pressure Inspection/Adjustment..................................................................................
Tire Inspection ..................................................................................................................
Tire Removal.....................................................................................................................
Tire Installation..................................................................................................................
Tire Repair ........................................................................................................................
Hub Bearing............................................................................................................................
Hub Bearing Removal.......................................................................................................
Hub Bearing Installation....................................................................................................
Hub Bearing Inspection.....................................................................................................
10-2
10-4
10-5
10-6
10-6
10-6
10-7
10-8
10-9
10-10
10-10
10-10
10-10
10-11
10-13
10-13
10-13
10-13
10-13
10-15
10-16
10-16
10-16
10-16
10
10-2 WHEELS/TIRES
Exploded View
WHEELS/TIRES 10-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Front axle clamp bolt
20
2.0
15
2
Front axle
127
13
94
3
Rear axle nut
127
13
94
G: Apply grease.
R: Replacement Parts
WL: Apply soap and water solution or rubber lubricant.
Remarks
10-4 WHEELS/TIRES
Specifications
Item
Wheels (Rims):
Rim runout:
Axial
Radial
Standard
-----
Axle runout/100 mm (3.94 TIR 0.05 mm (0.0020 in.) or less
in.)
Wheel balance
Balance weights
Tires:
Air pressure:
(when cold)
Front
Tread depth:
Front
Rear
10 g (0.35 US oz) or less
10 g (0.35 US oz), 20 g (0.71 US oz), 30 g (1.06
US oz)
250 kPa
Up to 180 kg (396 lb) load: (2.5 kgf/cm², 36 psi)
290 kPa
(2.9 kgf/cm², 41 psi)
BRIDGESTONE
3.4 mm
(0.13 in.)
Rear
BRIDGESTONE
Front
Make, Type
BRIDGESTONE, BATTLAX BT-019F RADIAL
Rear
BRIDGESTONE, BATTLAX BT-012R RADIAL J
Standard tires:
5.8 mm
(0.23 in.)
WARNING
Use the same manufacturer’s tires on both front and rear wheels.
AT: Republic of Austria
CH: Swiss Confederation
DE: Federal Republic of Germany
Service Limit
TIR 0.5 mm
(0.020 in.)
TIR 0.8 mm
(0.031 in.)
TIR 0.2 mm
(0.008 in.)
- - - - - - - - 1 mm
(0.04 in.)
1.6 mm
(0.06 in.)
(DE, AT, CH)
Up to 130 km/h
(80 mph): 2 mm
(0.08 in.)
Over 130 km/h
(80 mph) : 3 mm
(0.12 in.)
Size
120/70 ZR17
M/C (58 W)
190/50 ZR17
M/C (73 W)
WHEELS/TIRES 10-5
Special Tools
Bearing Driver Set:
57001–1129
Bearing Remover Head,
57001–1346
25 ×
Jack:
57001–1238
Bearing Remover Shaft,
57001–1377
13:
28:
10-6 WHEELS/TIRES
Wheels (Rims)
Front Wheel Removal
• Remove:
Brake Caliper Mounting Bolts [A]
• Loosen:
Right Side Axle Clamp Bolt [A]
Axle [B]
• Raise the front wheel off the ground.
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
out the axle to the right and drop the front wheel out
• Pull
of the forks.
CAUTION
Do not lay the wheel down on one of the discs. This
can damage or warp the disc. Place blocks under the wheel so that the disc does not touch the
ground.
Front Wheel Installation
NOTE
○The direction of the wheel rotation [A] is shown by an
arrow [B] on the wheel spoke.
the wheel rotation mark on the front wheel and
• Check
install it.
• Fit the collars [A] on the both sides of the hub.
WHEELS/TIRES 10-7
Wheels (Rims)
• Tighten the axle.
Torque - Front Axle: 127 N·m (13 kgf·m, 94 ft·lb)
tightening the clamp bolt on the right front fork leg,
• Before
pump the front fork up and down 4 or 5 times to allow the
right front fork leg to seat on the front axle.
NOTE
○Put a block in front of the front wheel to stop moving.
• Tighten the axle clamp bolt [A] on the right fork leg first.
Torque - Front Axle Clamp Bolt: 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 ft·lb)
the clearance [B] between the right fork leg [D] and
• Check
collar [C] with the thickness gauge.
Standard:
2.0 mm (0.0787 in.)
Usable range: 1.1 ∼ 2.9 mm (0.043 ∼ 0.114 in.)
•
If the clearance is out of this range, remove the front wheel
again and check the axle, wheel hub and other related
parts for damage.
Tighten the axle clamp bolt on the left fork leg.
Torque - Front Axle Clamp Bolt: 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 ft·lb)
the front brake calipers (see Brakes chapter).
• Install
• Check the front brake effectiveness (see Brakes chapter).
WARNING
Do not attempt to drive the motorcycle until a full
brake lever is obtained by pumping the brake lever
until the pads are against the disc. The brake will
not function on the first application of the lever if
this is not done.
Rear Wheel Removal
• Using the stand [A], raise the rear wheel off the ground.
• Remove:
Cotter Pin [A]
Axle Nut [B]
Axle [C]
10-8 WHEELS/TIRES
Wheels (Rims)
• Remove:
Caliper Mounting Bolts [A]
Caliper [B]
the drive chain [A] from the rear sprocket toward
• Remove
the left.
the rear wheel back and remove the wheel from the
• Move
rear caliper.
• Remove the rear wheel.
CAUTION
Do not lay the wheel on the ground with the disc
facing down. This can damage or warp the disc.
Place blocks under the wheel so that the disc does
not touch the ground.
Rear Wheel Installation
the drive chain with the rear sprocket.
• Engage
Install
the
caliper bracket [A] onto the swingarm stop [B].
• Insert the axle
• the axle nut. from the right side of the wheel, and tighten
Torque - Rear Axle Nut: 127 N·m (13 kgf·m, 94 ft·lb)
• Insert a new cotter pin [A].
NOTE
○When inserting the cotter pin, if the slots in the nut do
not align with the cotter pin hole in the axle, tighten the
nut clockwise [B] up to next alignment.
○It should be within 30 degree.
○Loosen once and tighten again when the slot goes past
the nearest hole.
WHEELS/TIRES 10-9
Wheels (Rims)
• Bend the cotter pin [A] over the nut [B].
WARNING
If the rear axle nut is not securely tightened or the
cotter pin is not installed, an unsafe riding condition may result.
the drive chain slack after installation (see Final
• Adjust
Drive chapter).
• Check the rear brake effectiveness.
WARNING
Do not attempt to drive the motorcycle until a full
brake pedal is obtained by pumping the brake pedal
until the pads are against the disc. The brake will
not function on the first application of the pedal if
this is not done.
Wheel Inspection
• Raise the front/rear wheel off the ground.
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
the wheel lightly, and check for roughness or binding.
• Spin
If roughness or binding is found, replace the hub bearings.
the wheel for small cracks, dents, bending, or
• Inspect
warp.
•
•
If there is any damage to the wheel, replace the wheel.
Remove the wheel, and support it without the tire by the
axle.
Measure the rim runout, radial [A] and axial [B], with a dial
gauge.
If rim runout exceeds the service limit, check the hub bearings.
If the problem is not due to the bearings, replace the
wheel.
Rim Runout
Service Limit: Axial
Radial
TIR 0.5 mm (0.020 in.)
TIR 0.8 mm (0.031 in.)
WARNING
Never attempt to repair a damaged wheel. If there
is any damage besides wheel bearings, the wheel
must be replaced to insure safe operational condition.
10-10 WHEELS/TIRES
Wheels (Rims)
Axle Inspection
inspect the front and rear axle for damages.
• Visually
If the axle is damaged or bent, replace it.
the axle in V blocks that are 100 mm (3.94 in.) [A]
• Place
apart, and set a dial gauge [B] on the axle at a point
halfway between the blocks. Turn [C] the axle to measure the runout. The difference between the highest and
lowest dial readings is the amount of runout.
If axle runout exceeds the service limit, replace the axle.
Axle Runout/100 mm (3.94 in.)
Standard:
TIR 0.05 mm (0.0020 in.) or less
Service Limit: TIR 0.2 mm (0.008 in.)
Balance Inspection
the wheel.
• Remove
Support
the
wheel so that it can be spun freely.
• Spin the wheel
and mark [A] the wheel at the top
• when the wheellightly,
stops.
○Repeat this procedure several times.
If the wheel stops
of its own accord in various positions, it is well balanced.
If the wheel always stops in one position, adjust the wheel
balance.
Balance Adjustment
the wheel always stops in one position, provisionally
• Ifattach
a balance weight [A] on the rim at the marking using
•
•
adhesive tape.
Rotate the wheel 1/4 turn [B], and see whether or not the
wheel stops in this position. If it does, the correct balance
weight is being used.
If the wheel rotates and the weight goes up, replace the
weight with the next heavier size. If the wheel rotates and
the weight goes down, replace the weight with the next
lighter size. Repeat these steps until the wheel remains
at rest after being rotated 1/4 turn.
Rotate the wheel another 1/4 turn and then another 1/4
turn to see if the wheel is correctly balanced.
the entire procedure as many times as necessary
• Repeat
to achieve correct wheel balance.
• Permanently install the balance weight.
Balance Weight Removal
(a) When the tire is not on the rim.
Push [A] the blade portion toward the outside with a regular tip screw-driver, and slip the weight off the rim flange.
Discard the used balance weight.
•
•
WHEELS/TIRES 10-11
Wheels (Rims)
(b) When the tire is on the rim.
Pry [A] the balance weight off the rim flange using a regular tip screwdriver as shown in the figure.
○Insert a tip of the screwdriver between the tire bead [B]
and weight blade [C] until the end of the tip reaches the
end of the weight blade.
○Push the driver grip toward the tire so that the balance
weight slips off the rim flange.
Discard the used balance weight.
•
•
Balance Weight Installation
if the weight portion has any play on the blade and
• Check
clip.
If it does, discard it.
WARNING
If the balance weight has any play on the rim, the
blade and/or clip of the weight have been stretched.
Replace the loose balance weight.
Do not reuse used balance weight.
Unbalanced wheels can create an unsafe riding
condition.
the balance weight blade, tire bead, and rim
• Lubricate
flange with a soap and water solution or rubber lubricant.
This helps the balance weight slip onto the rim flange.
CAUTION
Never lubricate with engine oil or petroleum distillates because they will deteriorate the tire.
10-12 WHEELS/TIRES
Wheels (Rims)
required total weight exceeds 20 g (0.71 US oz), in• When
stall balance weight at both sides of rim flange as shown.
Required
Total Weight:
g (US oz)
One Side [A]
Other Side [B]
20 (0.71)
10 (0.35)
10 (0.35)
30 (1.06)
20 (0.71)
10 (0.35)
40 (1.41)
20 (0.71)
20 (0.71)
50 (1.76)
30 (1.06)
20 (0.71)
60 (2.12)
30 (1.06)
30 (1.06)
70 (2.47)
80 (2.82)
90 (3.17)
Weight Selection: g (US oz)
20 + 20
(0.71 + 0.71)
30 (1.06)
20 + 20
20 + 20
(0.71 + 0.71)
(0.71 + 0.71)
20 + 30
20 + 20
(0.71 + 1.06)
(0.71 + 0.71)
Balance Weight
Part Number
Weight (grams)
41075–1014
10
41075–1015
20
41075–1016
30
NOTE
○Balance weights are available from Kawasaki dealers
in 10, 20, and 30 grams (0.35, 0.71, and 1.06 US oz).
An imbalance of less than 10 grams (0.35 US oz) will
not usually affect running stability.
○Do not use four or more balance weight (more than 90
gram, 3.17 US oz). If the wheel requires an excess balance weight, disassemble the wheel to find the cause.
the balance weight on the rim.
•○Install
Slip the weight on the rim flange by pushing or lightly hammering the weight in the direction shown in the figure.
Push or Hammer [A]
Rim Flange [B]
Tire Bead [C]
Blade [D]
○Check that the blade [A] and weight [B] seat fully on the
rim flange [C], and that the clip [D] is hooked over the rim
ridge [E] and reaches rim flat portion.
WHEELS/TIRES 10-13
Tires
Air Pressure Inspection/Adjustment
to the Air Pressure Inspection/Adjustment in the Pe• Refer
riodic Maintenance chapter.
Tire Inspection
to the Tire Inspection in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
Tire Removal
• Remove:
Wheel (see Front Wheel Removal,
•
Rear Wheel Re-
moval)
Disc (s)
Valve Core (let out the air)
To maintain wheel balance, mark the valve stem position
on the tire with chalk so that the tire can be reinstalled in
the same position.
Chalk Mark or Yellow Mark [A]
Air Valve [B]
Align [C]
the tire beads and rim flanges on both sides with
• Lubricate
a soap and water solution or rubber lubricant. This helps
the tire beads slip off the rim flanges.
CAUTION
Never lubricate with engine oil or petroleum distillates because they will deteriorate the tire.
the tire from the rim using a suitable commer• Remove
cially available tire changer.
NOTE
○The tires cannot be removed with hand tools because
they fit the rims too tightly.
Tire Installation
WARNING
Use the same manufacturer’s tires on both front and
rear wheels.
the rim and tire, and replace them if necessary.
• Inspect
Clean
the
surfaces of the rim and tire, and smooth
• the sealingsealing
surfaces of the rim with a fine emery cloth if
•
necessary.
Remove the air valve and discard it.
CAUTION
Replace the air valve whenever the tire is replaced.
Do not reuse the air valve.
10-14 WHEELS/TIRES
Tires
a new valve in the rim.
•○Install
Remove the valve cap, lubricate the stem seal with a soap
and water solution or rubber lubricant, and pull [B] the
valve stem [A] through the rim from the inside out until it
snaps into place.
CAUTION
Do not use engine oil or petroleum distillates to lubricate the stem because they will deteriorate the
rubber.
a soap and water solution, or rubber lubricant to the
• Apply
rim flange and tire beads.
○The air valve is shown in the figure.
[A] Valve Cap
[B] Valve Core
[C] Stem Seal
[D] Valve Stem
[E] Valve Seat
[F] Valve Opened
the tire rotation mark on the front and rear tires and
• Check
install them on the rim accordingly.
Tire Rotation Mark [A]
Rotation Direction [B]
the tire on the rim so that the valve [A] is at the tire
• Position
balance mark [B] (the chalk mark made during removal,
•
•
•
or the yellow paint mark on a new tire).
Install the tire bead on the rim using a suitable commercially available tire changer.
Lubricate the tire beads and rim flanges with a soap and
water solution or rubber lubricant to help seat the tire
beads in the sealing surfaces of the rim while inflating the
tire.
Center the rim in the tire beads, and inflate the tire with
compressed air until the tire beads seat in the sealing
surfaces.
WARNING
Be sure to install the valve core whenever inflating
the tire, and do not inflate the tire to more than 400
kPa (4.0 kgf/cm², 57 psi). Overinflation can explode
the tire with possibility of injury and loss of life.
WHEELS/TIRES 10-15
Tires
to see that the rim lines [A] on both sides of the tire
• Check
sidewalls are parallel with the rim flanges.
If the rim flanges and tire sidewall rim lines are not parallel,
remove the valve core.
Lubricate the rim flanges and tire beads.
Install the valve core and inflate the tire again.
After the tire beads seat in the rim flanges, check for air
leakage.
○Inflate the tire slightly above standard inflation.
○Use a soap and water solution or submerge the tire, and
check for bubbles that would indicate leakage.
Adjust the air pressure to the specified pressure (see Tire
Inspection).
Install the air valve cap.
Install the brake disc(s) so that the marked side faces out
(see Brakes chapter).
Adjust the wheel balance.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tire Repair
Currently two types of repair for tubeless tires have come
into wide use. One type is called a temporary (external) repair which can be carried out without removing the tire from
the rim, and the other type is called permanent (internal)
repair which requires tire removal. It is generally understood that higher running durability is obtained by permanent (internal) repairs than by temporary (external) ones.
Also, permanent (internal) repairs have the advantage of
permitting a thorough examination for secondary damage
not visible from external inspection of the tire. For these
reasons, Kawasaki does not recommend temporary (external) repair. Only appropriate permanent (internal) repairs
are recommended. Repair methods may vary slightly from
make to make. Follow the repair methods indicated by the
manufacturer of the repair tools and materials so that safe
results can be obtained.
10-16 WHEELS/TIRES
Hub Bearing
Hub Bearing Removal
the wheel, and take out the following.
• Remove
Collars
•
Coupling (out of rear hub)
Grease Seals
Circlips
Use the bearing remover to remove the hub bearings [A].
CAUTION
Do not lay the wheel on the ground with the disc
facing down. This can damage or warp the disc.
Please blocks under the wheel so that the disc does
not touch the ground.
Special Tools - Bearing Remover Shaft, 13: 57001–1377
[B]
Bearing Remover Head,
25 ×
28:
57001–1346 [C]
Hub Bearing Installation
installing the wheel bearings, blow any dirt or for• Before
eign particles out of the hub with compressed air to pre-
•
vent contamination of the bearings.
Replace the bearings with new ones.
NOTE
○Install the bearings so that the marked side faces out.
the bearings by using the bearing driver set which
• Install
does not contact the bearing inner race.
• Press in each bearing [A] right until they are bottomed.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129 [B]
the circlips with new ones.
• Replace
Replace
the
grease seals with new ones.
• Press in the grease
seals [A] so that the seal surface flush
• [B] with the end of the
hole.
○Apply high temperature grease to the grease seal lips.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129 [C]
Hub Bearing Inspection
Since the hub bearings are made to extremely close tolerances, the clearance cannot normally be measured.
NOTE
○Do not remove any bearings for inspection. If any bear-
ings are removed, they will need to be replaced with
new ones.
each bearing in the hub back and forth [A] while
• Turn
checking for plays, roughness, or binding.
•
If bearing play, roughness, or binding is found, replace
the bearing.
Examine the bearing seal [B] for tears or leakage.
If the seal is torn or is leaking, replace the bearing.
FINAL DRIVE 11-1
Final Drive
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Specifications .........................................................................................................................
Special Tools ..........................................................................................................................
Drive Chain.............................................................................................................................
Drive Chain Slack Inspection ............................................................................................
Drive Chain Slack Adjustment ..........................................................................................
Wheel Alignment Inspection/Adjustment ..........................................................................
Drive Chain Wear Inspection ............................................................................................
Drive Chain Lubrication.....................................................................................................
Drive Chain Removal ........................................................................................................
Drive Chain Installation .....................................................................................................
Drive Chain Replacement .................................................................................................
Sprocket, Coupling .................................................................................................................
Engine Sprocket Removal ................................................................................................
Engine Sprocket Installation .............................................................................................
Rear Sprocket Removal....................................................................................................
Rear Sprocket Installation.................................................................................................
Coupling Bearing Removal ...............................................................................................
Coupling Bearing Installation ............................................................................................
Coupling Installation..........................................................................................................
Coupling Bearing Inspection .............................................................................................
Coupling Bearing Lubrication............................................................................................
Coupling Damper Inspection.............................................................................................
Sprocket Wear Inspection.................................................................................................
Rear Sprocket Warp Inspection ........................................................................................
11-2
11-4
11-5
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-6
11-10
11-10
11-10
11-11
11-11
11-11
11-11
11-12
11-12
11-12
11-12
11-13
11-13
11
11-2 FINAL DRIVE
Exploded View
FINAL DRIVE 11-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Engine sprocket cover bolts
9.8
1.0
87 in·lb
2
Engine sprocket nut
127
13
94
3
Rear sprocket nut
59
6.0
43
4
Engine sprocket cover damper bolts
6.9
0.7
61 in·lb
L
5
Speed sensor bolt
6.9
0.7
61 in·lb
L
6
Rear axle nut
127
13
94
7. Drive chain joint (ZR1000–A2 ∼ )
G: Apply grease.
HO: Apply heavy oil.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide oil.
R: Replacement Parts
MO
11-4 FINAL DRIVE
Specifications
Item
Standard
Service Limit
Drive Chain:
Chain slack
20 ∼ 30 mm (0.8 ∼ 1.2 in.)
20-link length
317.5 ∼ 318.2 mm (12.50 ∼ 12.53 in.)
- - 323 mm (12.7 in.)
Standard chain
Make
ENUMA
- - -
Type
EK525UVXL2, Endless
- - -
Link
112 links
- - -
Sprockets:
Rear sprocket warp
0.4 mm (0.016 in.) or less
0.5 mm (0.020 in.)
FINAL DRIVE 11-5
Special Tools
Bearing Driver Set:
57001–1129
Jack:
57001–1238
11-6 FINAL DRIVE
Drive Chain
Drive Chain Slack Inspection
to the Drive Chain Slack Inspection in the Periodic
• Refer
Maintenance chapter.
Drive Chain Slack Adjustment
to the Drive Chain Slack Adjustment in the Periodic
• Refer
Maintenance chapter.
Wheel Alignment Inspection/Adjustment
to the Wheel Alignment Inspection/Adjustment in
• Refer
the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
Drive Chain Wear Inspection
to the Drive Chain Wear Inspection in the Periodic
• Refer
Maintenance chapter.
Drive Chain Lubrication
to the Drive Chain Lubrication in the Periodic Main• Refer
tenance chapter.
Drive Chain Removal
• Remove:
Rear Wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter.)
Right Side Muffler Body (see Engine Top End chapter.)
Chain Cover Screws [A]
Chain Cover [B]
Mud Guard [C] (see Frame chapter.)
Swingarm (see Suspension chapter.)
Engine Sprocket Cover (see this chapter.)
the drive chain [A] from the engine sprocket
• Disengage
[B], and take it off the chassis.
Drive Chain Installation
the drive chain to the engine sprocket.
• Engage
Install:
• Swingarm (see Suspension chapter)
•
Rear Wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter)
Engine Sprocket Cover
Mud Guard
Chain Cover
Right Side Muffler Body
Adjust the chain slack after installing the chain (see Slack
Adjustment).
Drive Chain Replacement
• Remove:
Chain Cover (see Drive Chain Removal)
Engine Sprocket Cover (see Engine Sprocket Removal)
FINAL DRIVE 11-7
Drive Chain
EK JOINT TOOL #50
Body [A]
Handlebar [B]
Cutting and Riveting Pin [C]
For Cutting [D]
For Riveting [E]
Plate Holder (A) [F]
Plate Holder (B) [G]
Gauge [H]
[A] pin head to make it flat.
• Grind
Set
cutting
and riveting pin [B] as shown.
•
pin holder until it touches chain pin.
• Screw
Be
sure
that cutting pin hits center of chain pin.
•
handlebar [A] into body.
• Screw
Turn
pin
• pin. holder with wrench [B] clockwise to extract chain
the link pin, link plate and grease seals.
• Replace
grease to the link pins [A] and grease seals [B] [C].
• Apply
Engage
chain on the engine and rear sprockets.
• Insert thethelinkdrive
pins
in the drive chain ends.
• Install the grease seals
[C].
• Install the link plate so that
the mark [D] faces out.
• Push link plate by hand or plier
fix it.
• In case of grease seal chain, betosure
to set grease seals
• correctly.
11-8 FINAL DRIVE
Drive Chain
plate holder (A) [A] and plate holder (B) [B] on the
• Set
body.
plate holder (A) to link plate.
• Fit
Turn
holder by hand until plate holder (B) touches the
• otherpin
link plate.
pin holder by wrench clockwise until two pins of link
• Turn
come into groove of plate holder (A).
• Take off plate holder.
plate holder (B) [A] and cutting and riveting pin [B] as
• Set
shown.
• Turn pin holder until riveting pin touches link pin.
FINAL DRIVE 11-9
Drive Chain
wrench clockwise until tip of riveting pin hits of link
• Turn
pin.
it.
• Rivet
Some
work for the other link pin.
•
staking, check the staked area of the link pin for
• After
cracks.
the outside diameter [A] of the link pin and link
• Measure
plates outside width [B].
Link Pin Outside Diameter
Standard:
5.6 ∼ 6.0 mm (0.22 ∼ 0.24 in.)
Link Plates Outside Width
Standard:
19.85 ∼ 20.00 mm (0.781 ∼ 0.787 in.)
•
•
If the reading exceeds the specified length, cut and rejoin
the chain again.
Check:
Movement of the rollers
Adjust the drive chain slack after installing the chain (see
Drive Chain Slack Adjustment in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
11-10 FINAL DRIVE
Sprocket, Coupling
Engine Sprocket Removal
• Remove:
Speed Sensor [A] Connector
Engine Sprocket Cover Bolts [B]
Engine Sprocket Cover [C] with Speed Sensor
out the bended washer [A].
• Flatten
Remove
the engine sprocket nut [B] and washer.
•
NOTE
○When loosening the engine sprocket nut, hold the rear
brake on.
• Using the jack, raise the rear wheel off the ground.
Special Tool - Jack : 57001–1238
the drive chain (see Slack Adjustment).
• Loosen
Remove
• right. the drive chain from the rear sprocket toward the
the drive chain [A] from the engine sprocket
• Disengage
[B].
• Pull the engine sprocket off the output shaft [C].
Engine Sprocket Installation
the sprocket washer and axle cotter pin.
• Replace
the engine sprocket [A] so that “OUTSIDE” letters
• Install
[B] face outward.
molybdenum disulfide oil to the threads of the out• Apply
put shaft and the seating surface of the engine sprocket
•
nut.
After torquing the engine sprocket nut, bend the one side
of the washer over the nut.
NOTE
○Tighten the nut while applying the rear brake.
• Tighten:
Torque - Engine Sprocket Nut : 127 N·m (13 kgf·m, 94 ft·lb)
Engine Sprocket Cover Bolts : 9.8 N·m (1.0 kgf·m,
87 in·lb)
the drive chain slack after installing the sprocket
• Adjust
(see Drive Chain Slack Adjustment in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
FINAL DRIVE 11-11
Sprocket, Coupling
Rear Sprocket Removal
• Remove the rear wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter).
CAUTION
Do not lay the wheel on the ground with the disc
facing down. This can damage or warp the disc.
Place blocks under the wheel so that the disc does
not touch the ground.
the rear sprocket nuts [A].
• Remove
Remove
the rear sprocket [B].
•
Rear Sprocket Installation
the sprocket facing the tooth number marking [A]
• Install
outward.
• Tighten the rear sprocket nuts.
Torque - Rear Sprocket Nuts : 59 N·m (6.0 kgf·m, 43 ft·lb)
• Install the rear wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter).
Coupling Bearing Removal
• Remove:
Coupling
Grease Seal
Circlip [A]
• Remove the bearing [A] by tapping from the wheel side.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129 [B]
Coupling Bearing Installation
the bearing with a new one.
• Replace
• Press in the bearing [A] until it is bottomed.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129 [B]
the bearing with high temperature grease.
• Pack
• Replace the circlip with a new one.
11-12 FINAL DRIVE
Sprocket, Coupling
the grease seal with a new one.
• Replace
Press
in
the
seal so that the seal surface is flush
• with the end grease
of the hole.
○Apply high temperature grease to the grease seal lips.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set : 57001–1129
Coupling Installation
the following and install the coupling.
• Grease
Ball Bearing [A]
Coupling Grease Seal [B]
Coupling Internal Surface [C]
Coupling Bearing Inspection
Since the coupling bearing is made to extremely close
tolerances, the clearance can not normally be measured.
NOTE
○It is not necessary to remove the coupling bearing for
inspection. If the bearing is removed, it will need to be
replaced with a new one.
the bearing in the coupling back and forth [A] while
• Turn
checking for plays, roughness, or binding.
•
If bearing play, roughness or binding is found, replace the
bearing.
Examine the bearing seal [B] for tears or leakage.
If the seal is torn or is leaking, replace the bearing.
Coupling Bearing Lubrication
the bearing with good quality bearing grease. Turn
• Pack
the bearing around by hand a few times to make sure the
grease is distributed uniformly inside the bearing.
Coupling Damper Inspection
the rear wheel coupling, and inspect the rubber
• Remove
dampers [A].
the damper if it appears damaged or deterio• Replace
rated.
FINAL DRIVE 11-13
Sprocket, Coupling
Sprocket Wear Inspection
inspect the engine and rear sprocket teeth for
• Visually
wear and damage.
If the teeth are worn as illustrated, replace the sprocket,
and inspect the drive chain wear (see Drive Chain Wear
Inspection).
[A] Worn Tooth (Engine Sprocket)
[B] Worn Tooth (Rear Sprocket)
[C] Direction of Rotation
NOTE
○If a sprocket requires replacement, the chain is probably
worn also.
When replacing a sprocket, inspect the chain.
Rear Sprocket Warp Inspection
the rear wheel off the ground (see Wheels/Tires
• Raise
chapter) so that it will turn freely.
a dial gauge [A] against the rear sprocket [B] near the
• Set
teeth as shown, and rotate [C] the rear wheel to measure
the sprocket runout (warp). The difference between the
highest and lowest dial gauge readings is the amount of
runout (warp).
If the runout exceeds the service limit, replace the rear
sprocket.
Rear Sprocket Warp
Standard:
0.4 mm (0.016 in.) or less
Service Limit: 0.5 mm (0.020 in.)
BRAKES 12-1
Brakes
Table of Contents
Exploded View...................................
Specifications ....................................
Special Tool .......................................
Brake Lever, Brake Pedal..................
Brake Lever Position Adjustment.
Brake Pedal Position Inspection ..
Brake Pedal Position Adjustment.
Calipers .............................................
Front Caliper Removal .................
Rear Caliper Removal..................
Caliper Installation .......................
Front Caliper Disassembly...........
Front Caliper Assembly................
Rear Caliper Disassembly ...........
Rear Caliper Assembly ................
Caliper Fluid Seal Damage ..........
Caliper Dust Seal/Friction Boot
Damage.....................................
Caliper Piston and Cylinder
Damage.....................................
Caliper Holder Shaft Wear ...........
Brake Pads ........................................
Front Brake Pad Removal............
Front Brake Pad Installation.........
Rear Brake Pad Removal ............
Rear Brake Pad Installation .........
12-2
12-6
12-7
12-8
12-8
12-8
12-8
12-9
12-9
12-9
12-10
12-10
12-11
12-12
12-13
12-13
12-13
12-14
12-14
12-15
12-15
12-15
12-15
12-16
Brake Pad Wear Inspection .........
Master Cylinder .................................
Front Master Cylinder Removal ...
Front Master Cylinder Installation
Rear Master Cylinder Removal....
Rear Master Cylinder Installation.
Front Master Cylinder
Disassembly..............................
Rear Master Cylinder
Disassembly..............................
Master Cylinder Assembly ...........
Master Cylinder Inspection (Visual
Inspection).................................
Brake Disc .........................................
Brake Disc Removal ....................
Brake Disc Installation .................
Brake Disc Wear ..........................
Brake Disc Warp ..........................
Brake Fluid ........................................
Brake Fluid Level Inspection........
Brake Fluid Change .....................
Brake Line Bleeding.....................
Brake Hose........................................
Brake Hose Removal/Installation.
Brake Hose Inspection.................
12-16
12-17
12-17
12-17
12-18
12-18
12-18
12-19
12-19
12-19
12-20
12-20
12-20
12-20
12-20
12-21
12-21
12-21
12-21
12-22
12-22
12-22
12
12-2 BRAKES
Exploded View
BRAKES 12-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Front caliper mounting bolts
25
2.5
18
2
Brake hose banjo bolt
25
2.5
18
3
Bleed valve
7.8
0.80
69 in·lb
4
Front caliper assembly bolts
22
2.2
16
5
Front brake pad pin bolt
17
1.7
12
6
Brake lever pivot bolt
1.0
0.10
9 in·lb
7
Brake lever pivot bolt locknut
5.9
0.60
52 in·lb
8
Brake disc mounting bolts
27
2.8
20
9
Front brake light switch screws
1.2
0.12
11 in·lb
10 Front reservoir cap screws
1.5
0.15
13 in·lb
11 Front master cylinder clamp bolts
8.8
0.9
78 in·lb
B: Apply brake fluid.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
R: Replacement parts
S: Follow the specific tightening sequence.
Si: Apply silicone grease (ex. PBC grease)
Remarks
L
Si
L
S
12-4 BRAKES
Exploded View
BRAKES 12-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Rear master cylinder push lod locknut
18
1.8
13
2
Rear caliper mounting bolts
25
2.5
18
3
Brake hose banjo bolts
25
2.5
18
4
Bleed valve
7.8
0.80
69 in·lb
5
Rear master cylinder mounting bolts
25
2.5
18
6
Brake disc mounting bolts
27
2.8
20
7. Gasket (Before Frame No. 005854)
B: Apply brake fluid.
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
R: Replacement parts
Si: Apply silicone grease (ex. PBC grease)
Remarks
L
12-6 BRAKES
Specifications
Item
Standard
Service Limit
Brake Lever, Brake Pedal:
Brake lever position
5-way adjustable (to suit rider)
- - -
Brake lever free play
Non-adjustable
- - -
Pedal free play
Non-adjustable
- - -
Pedal position
About 47 mm (1.85 in.) below footpeg top
- - -
DOT4
- - -
Brake Fluid:
Grade
Brake Pads:
Lining thickness:
Front
4 mm (0.16 in.)
1 mm (0.04 in.)
Rear
5 mm (0.20 in.)
1 mm (0.04 in.)
Brake Discs:
Thickness:
Front
5.8 ∼ 6.2 mm (0.23 ∼ 0.24 in.)
5.5 mm (0.217 in.)
Rear
4.8 ∼ 5.2 mm (0.19 ∼ 0.20 in.)
4.5 mm (0.177 in.)
Not more than 0.2 mm (0.008 in.)
0.3 mm (0.012 in.)
Runout
BRAKES 12-7
Special Tool
Jack:
57001–1238
12-8 BRAKES
Brake Lever, Brake Pedal
Brake Lever Position Adjustment
The brake lever adjuster has 5 positions so that the brake
lever position can be adjusted to suit the operator’s hand.
Push the lever forward and turn the adjuster [A] to align
the number with the arrow mark [B] on the lever holder.
○The distance from the grip to the lever is minimum at number 5 and maximum at number 1.
•
Brake Pedal Position Inspection
that the brake pedal [A] is in the correct position.
• Check
[B] Footpeg
Pedal Position
Standard: About 47 mm (1.85 in.) [C] below top of
footpeg
If it is incorrect, adjust the brake pedal position.
Brake Pedal Position Adjustment
NOTE
○Usually it is not necessary to adjust the pedal position,
but always adjust it when the push rod locknut has been
loosened.
• Unscrew the bolts [A] and remove the guard bracket [B].
the locknut [A] and turn the push rod with the hex
• Loosen
head [B] to achieve the correct pedal position.
•
If the length [C] shown is 70 ± 1 mm (2.76 ± 0.04 in.), the
pedal position will be within the standard range.
Tighten:
Torque - Rear Master Cylinder Push Rod Locknut:
18 N·m (1.8 kgf·m, 13.0 ft·lb)
the brake light switch operation (see Brake Light
• Check
Timing Inspection/Adjustment in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
BRAKES 12-9
Calipers
Front Caliper Removal
the banjo bolt [A] at the brake hose lower end,
• Loosen
and tighten it loosely.
the caliper mounting bolts [B], and detach the
• Unscrew
caliper [C] from the disc.
CAUTION
Do not loosen the caliper assembly bolts [D]. Take
out only the caliper mounting bolts for caliper removal. Loosening the caliper assembly bolts will
cause brake fluid leakage.
the banjo bolt and remove the brake hose [E]
• Unscrew
from the caliper (see Brake Hose Removal/Installation).
CAUTION
Immediately wash away any brake fluid that spills.
NOTE
○If the caliper is to be disassembled after removal and if
compressed air is not available, disassemble the caliper
before the brake hose is removed (see Front Caliper
Disassembly).
Rear Caliper Removal
the banjo bolt [A] at the brake hose lower end,
• Loosen
and tighten it loosely.
the caliper mounting bolts [B], and detach the
• Unscrew
caliper [C] from the disc.
the banjo bolt and remove the brake hose [D]
• Unscrew
from the caliper (see Brake Hose Removal/Installation).
CAUTION
Immediately wash away any brake fluid that spills.
NOTE
○If the caliper is to be disassembled after removal and if
compressed air is not available, disassemble the caliper
before the brake hose is removed (see Rear Caliper
Disassembly).
12-10 BRAKES
Calipers
Caliper Installation
the caliper and brake hose lower end.
•○Install
Replace the washers on each side of hose fitting with new
•
ones.
Tighten:
Torque - Caliper Mounting Bolts (Front): 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m,
18 ft·lb)
Caliper Mounting Bolts (Rear): 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m,
18 ft·lb)
Brake Hose Banjo Bolt: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18 ft·lb)
the fluid level in the brake reservoirs.
• Check
Bleed
the
line (see Bleeding the Brake Line).
• Check thebrake
brake
for good braking power, no brake drag,
• and no fluid leakage.
WARNING
Do not attempt to drive the motorcycle until a full
brake lever or pedal is obtained by pumping the
brake lever or pedal until the pads are against the
disc. The brakes will not function on the first application of the lever or pedal if this is not done.
Front Caliper Disassembly
the front caliper assembly bolts [A] and banjo bolt
• Loosen
[B] and tighten them loosely.
• Remove:
Front Caliper (see Caliper Removal) [C]
Brake Pad
Front Caliper Assembly Bolts
O-rings
compressed air, remove the pistons.
• Using
remove the pistons is as follows.
One way to
○Install a rubber gasket [A] and a wooden board [B] more
than 10 mm (0.4 in.) thick on the caliper half, and fasten them together with a suitable bolt and nut as shown.
Leave one of the oil passages [C] open.
○Lightly apply compressed air [D] to the oil passage until
the pistons hit the rubber gasket. Block the hose joint
opening [E] during this operation if the caliper half has
the opening.
[F] Bolt and Nut
[G] Oil Passage sealed by Rubber Gasket
[H] Push down.
BRAKES 12-11
Calipers
WARNING
To avoid serious injury, never place your fingers or
palm in front of the piston. If you apply compressed
air into the caliper, the piston may crush your hand
or fingers.
○Pull out the pistons by hand.
the dust seals [A] and fluid seals [B].
• Remove
Remove
the
bleed valve [C] and rubber cap [D].
• Repeat the previous
step to remove the pistons from the
• other side of the caliper
body.
NOTE
○If compressed air is not available, do as follows for both
calipers coincidentally, with the brake hose connected
to the caliper.
○Prepare a container for brake fluid, and perform the
work above it.
○Remove the spring and pads (see Front Brake Pad Removal).
○Pump the brake lever until the pistons come out of the
cylinders, and then disassemble the caliper.
Front Caliper Assembly
• Clean the caliper parts except for the pads.
CAUTION
For cleaning the parts, use only disc brake fluid,
isopropyl alcohol, or ethyl alcohol.
• Install the bleed valve and rubber cap.
Torque - Bleed Valve: 7.8 N·m (0.80 kgf·m, 69 in·lb)
12-12 BRAKES
Calipers
the fluid seals [A] with new ones.
•○Replace
Apply brake fluid to the fluid seals, and install them into
the cylinders by hand.
Replace the dust seals [B] with new ones if they are damaged.
○Apply brake fluid to the dust seals, and install them into
the cylinders by hand.
•
the O-rings [A] if they are damaged.
• Replace
Apply
brake
fluid to the outside of the pistons, and push
• them into each
cylinder by hand.
sure to install the O-rings.
• Be
Apply
locking agent the caliper assem• bly boltsa non-permanent
and torque them.
Torque - Front Caliper Assembly Bolts: 22 N·m (2.2 kgf·m,
16 ft·lb)
the pads (see Front Brake Pad Installation).
• Install
Wipe
up
• cloth. any spilled brake fluid on the caliper with wet
Rear Caliper Disassembly
the rear caliper.
• Remove
Remove
the
• Pad Removal).pads and anti-rattle spring (see Rear Brake
compressed air, remove the piston.
•○Using
Cover the caliper opening with a clean, heavy cloth [B].
○Remove the piston by lightly applying compressed air [A]
to where the brake line fits into the caliper.
WARNING
To avoid serious injury, never place your fingers or
palm inside the caliper opening. If you apply compressed air into the caliper, the piston may crush
your hand or fingers.
the dust seal and fluid seal.
• Remove
• Remove the bleed valve and rubber cap.
NOTE
○If compressed air is not available, do as follows with the
brake hose connected to the caliper.
container for brake fluid, and perform the
work above it.
○Remove the pads and spring (see Rear Brake Pad Removal).
○Pump the brake pedal to remove the caliper piston.
○Prepare a
BRAKES 12-13
Calipers
Rear Caliper Assembly
• Clean the caliper parts except for the pads.
CAUTION
For cleaning the parts, use only disc brake fluid,
isopropyl alcohol, or ethyl alcohol.
• Install the bleed valve and rubber cap.
Torque - Bleed Valve: 7.8 N·m (0.80 kgf·m, 69 in·lb)
the fluid seal [A] with a new one.
•○Replace
Apply brake fluid to the fluid seal, and install it into the
cylinder by hand.
Replace the dust seal [B] with a new one if it is damaged.
○Apply brake fluid to the dust seal, and install it into the
cylinder by hand.
•
brake fluid to the outside of the piston, and push it
• Apply
into the cylinder by hand.
the shaft rubber friction boot [A] and dust cover
• Replace
[B] if they are damaged.
a thin coat of PBC (Poly Butyl Cuprysil) grease to
• Apply
the caliper holder shafts [C] and holder holes [D] (PBC is
a special high temperature, water-resistance grease).
the anti-rattle spring [A] in the caliper as shown.
• Install
Install
pads (see Rear Brake Pad Installation).
• Wipe uptheany
spilled brake fluid on the caliper with wet
• cloth.
Caliper Fluid Seal Damage
to Caliper Fluid Seal Damage in the Periodic Main• Refer
tenance chapter.
Caliper Dust Seal/Friction Boot Damage
to Caliper Dust Seal/Friction Boot Damage in the
• Refer
Periodic Maintenance chapter.
12-14 BRAKES
Calipers
Caliper Piston and Cylinder Damage
inspect the piston [A] and cylinder surfaces.
• Visually
Replace the caliper if the cylinder and piston are badly
scores or rusty.
Front Caliper [B]
Rear Caliper [C]
Caliper Holder Shaft Wear
The caliper body must slide smoothly on the caliper holder
shaft [D]. If the body does not slide smoothly, one pad will
wear more than the other, pad wear will increase, and constant drag on the disc will raise brake and brake fluid temperature.
Check to see that the caliper holder shaft are not badly
worn or stepped, and that the rubber friction boots are
not damaged.
If the rubber friction boot is damaged, replace the rubber
friction boot. To replace the friction boot, remove the pads
and the caliper bracket.
If the caliper holder shaft is damage, replace the caliper
bracket.
•
BRAKES 12-15
Brake Pads
Front Brake Pad Removal
• Remove:
Mounting Bolts [A]
• Remove:
Pad Pin Bolt [A]
Pad Spring [B]
Brake Pads [C]
Front Brake Pad Installation
the caliper pistons in by hand as far as they will go.
• Push
Apply
• Install:silicone grease to the stopper ring [A].
• Brake Pads
Pad Spring
Pad Pin Bolts
Torque - Front Brake Pad Pin Bolts: 17 N·m (1.7 kgf·m, 12
ft·lb)
WARNING
Do not attempt to drive the motorcycle until a full
brake lever is obtained by pumping the brake lever
until the pads are against the disc. The brake will
not function on the first application of the lever if
this is not done.
Rear Brake Pad Removal
the caliper with the hose installed.
• Remove
Remove:
• Clip [A]
Pad Pin [B]
Brake Pads [C]
12-16 BRAKES
Brake Pads
Rear Brake Pad Installation
the caliper piston in by hand as far as it will go.
• Push
• Install:
Brake Pads
•
Pad Pin
Clip
Install the caliper (see Caliper Installation).
WARNING
Do not attempt to drive the motorcycle until a full
brake pedal is obtained by pumping the brake pedal
until the pads are against the disc. The brake will
not function on the first application of the pedal if
this is not done.
Brake Pad Wear Inspection
to the Brake Pad Wear Inspection in the Periodic
• Refer
Maintenance chapter.
BRAKES 12-17
Master Cylinder
Front Master Cylinder Removal
the front brake light switch connectors [A].
• Disconnect
the banjo bolt [B] to disconnect the brake hose
• Remove
from the master cylinder [C] (see Brake Hose Removal/In-
•
stallation).
Remove the rear view mirror (see Steering chapter).
the clamp bolts [A], and take off the master cylin• Unscrew
der as an assembly with the reservoir, brake lever, and
brake switch installed.
Front Master Cylinder Installation
the front master cylinder so that the punch mark [A]
• Install
of the handlebar is aligned with the mating surface [B] of
the master cylinder clamp to level the reservoir.
master cylinder clamp must be installed with the ar• The
row mark [A] upward.
the upper clamp bolt [B] first, and then the lower
• Tighten
clamp bolt [C]. There will be a gap at the lower part of the
clamp after tightening.
Torque - Front Master Cylinder Clamp Bolts: 8.8 N·m (0.9
kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
the washers on each side of the hose fitting with
• Replace
new ones.
• Tighten the brake hose banjo bolt.
Torque - Brake Hose Banjo Bolt: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18 ft·lb)
the brake line (see Brake Line Bleeding in the Pe• Bleed
riodic Maintenance chapter).
the brake for good braking power, no brake drag,
• Check
and no fluid leakage.
• Install the rear view mirror (see Steering chapter).
12-18 BRAKES
Master Cylinder
Rear Master Cylinder Removal
the brake hose banjo bolt [A] on the master cylin• Unscrew
Brake
Hose Removal/Installation).
der (see
off the reservoir hose lower end [B], and drain the
• Pull
brake fluid into a container.
the master cylinder mounting bolts [C] lightly.
• Loosen
• Remove the cotter pin [D].
NOTE
○Pull off the joint pin while pressing down the brake
pedal.
the master cylinder mounting bolts, and remove
• Unscrew
the master cylinder.
Rear Master Cylinder Installation
the cotter pin [A] with a new one.
• Replace
Replace
the
washers on each side of hose fitting with new
• ones.
• Tighten the following bolts.
Torque - Rear Master Cylinder Mounting Bolts: 25 N·m (2.5
kgf·m, 18 ft·lb)
Brake Hose Banjo Bolt: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18 ft·lb)
the brake line (see Brake Line Bleeding in the Pe• Bleed
riodic Maintenance chapter).
the brake for good braking power, no brake drag,
• Check
and no fluid leakage.
Front Master Cylinder Disassembly
the front master cylinder (see Front Master Cylin• Remove
der Removal).
the reservoir cap and diaphragm, and pour the
• Remove
brake fluid into a container.
the locknut and pivot bolt, and remove the brake
• Unscrew
lever.
the dust cover [A] out of place, and remove the circlip
• Pull
[B].
out the piston [C], secondary cup [D], primary cup [E],
• Pull
and return spring [F].
CAUTION
Do not remove the secondary cup from the piston
since removal will damage it.
BRAKES 12-19
Master Cylinder
Rear Master Cylinder Disassembly
NOTE
○Do not remove the push rod clevis for master cylinder
disassembly since removal requires brake position adjustment.
the rear master cylinder (see Rear Master Cylin• Remove
der Removal).
the dust cover on the push rod out of place, and
• Slide
remove the circlip.
out the push rod with the piston stop.
• Pull
Take
off the piston [A], secondary cup [B], primary cup [C],
• and return
spring [D].
CAUTION
Do not remove the secondary cup from the piston
since removal will damage it.
Master Cylinder Assembly
assembly, clean all parts including the master
• Before
cylinder with brake fluid or alcohol.
CAUTION
Except for the disc pads and disc, use only disc
brake fluid, isopropyl alcohol, or ethyl alcohol for
cleaning of the brake parts. Do not use any other
fluid for cleaning these parts, Gasoline, engine oil,
or any other petroleum distillate will cause deterioration of the rubber parts. Oil spilled on any part will
be difficult to wash off completely, and will eventually deteriorate the rubber used in the disc brake.
brake fluid to the removed parts and to the inner
• Apply
wall of the cylinder.
care not to scratch the piston or the inner wall of the
• Take
cylinder.
silicone grease (ex. PBC grease).
• Apply
Brake Lever Pivot Bolt
•
Brake Lever Pivot Contact
Push Rod Contact
Dust Covers
Tighten:
Torque - Brake Lever Pivot Bolt: 1.0 N·m (0.10 kgf·m, 9
in·lb)
Brake Lever Pivot Bolt Locknut: 5.9 N·m (0.60
kgf·m, 52 in·lb)
Master Cylinder Inspection (Visual Inspection)
to the Master Cylinder Inspection (Visual Inspec• Refer
tion) in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
12-20 BRAKES
Brake Disc
Brake Disc Removal
the wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter).
• Remove
• Unscrew the mounting bolts, and take off the disc.
Brake Disc Installation
the brake disc on the wheel so that the marked side
• Install
[A] faces out.
a non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
• Apply
the front and rear brake disc mounting bolts [B].
• Tighten:
Torque - Brake Disc Mounting Bolts: 27 N·m (2.8 kgf·m, 20
ft·lb)
Brake Disc Wear
the thickness of each disc [A] at the point where
• Measure
it has worn the most.
If the disk has worn past the service limit, replace it.
[B] Measuring Area
Front Disc Thickness
Standard:
4.8 ∼ 5.1 mm (0.19 ∼ 0.20 in.)
Service Limit: 4.5 mm (0.18 in.)
Rear Disc Thickness
Standard:
4.8 ∼ 5.1 mm (0.19 ∼ 0.20 in.)
Service Limit: 4.5 mm (0.18 in.)
Brake Disc Warp
up the motorcycle so that the wheel is off the ground
• Jack
(see Wheels/Tires chapter).
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
○For front disc inspection, turn the handlebar fully to one
•
side.
Set up a dial gauge against the disc [A] as shown and
measure disc runout, while turning [B] the wheel by hand.
If runout exceeds the service limit, replace the disc.
Disc Runout
Standard:
Not more than 0.2 mm (0.008 in.)
Service Limit: 0.3 mm (0.012 in.)
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
BRAKES 12-21
Brake Fluid
Brake Fluid Level Inspection
to the Brake Fluid Level in the Periodic Maintenance
• Refer
chapter.
Brake Fluid Change
to the Brake Fluid Change in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Brake Line Bleeding
to the Brake Line Bleeding in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
12-22 BRAKES
Brake Hose
Brake Hose Removal/Installation
CAUTION
Brake fluid quickly ruins painted or plastic surfaces; any spilled fluid should be completely wiped
up immediately with wet cloth.
removing the brake hose, take care not to spill the
• When
brake fluid on the painted or plastic parts.
removing the brake hose, temporarily secure the
• When
end of the brake hose to some high place to keep fluid
•
•
•
loss to a minimum.
There are washers on each side of the brake hose fitting.
Replace them with new ones when installing.
When installing the hoses, avoid sharp bending, kinking,
flattening or twisting, and route the hoses according to
Cable, Wire and Hose Routing section in General Information chapter.
Tighten:
Torque - Brake Hose Banjo Bolts: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18
ft·lb)
the brake line after installing the brake hose (see
• Bleed
Brake Line Bleeding in the Periodic Maintenance chapter).
Brake Hose Inspection
to the Brake Hoses and Connection Inspection in
• Refer
the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
SUSPENSION 13-1
Suspension
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Specifications .........................................................................................................................
Special Tools ..........................................................................................................................
Front Fork ...............................................................................................................................
Rebound Damping Force Adjustment (Only Right Fork Leg) ...........................................
Spring Preload Adjustment ...............................................................................................
Front Fork Removal (each fork leg) ..................................................................................
Front Fork Installation .......................................................................................................
Fork Oil Change................................................................................................................
Front Fork Disassembly ....................................................................................................
Front Fork Assembly.........................................................................................................
Inner Tube, Outer Tube Inspection ...................................................................................
Dust Seal Inspection .........................................................................................................
Spring Tension ..................................................................................................................
Rear Shock Absorber .............................................................................................................
Rebound Damping Force Adjustment...............................................................................
Spring Preload Adjustment ...............................................................................................
Rear Shock Absorber Removal ........................................................................................
Rear Shock Absorber Installation .....................................................................................
Rear Shock Absorber Inspection ......................................................................................
Rear Shock Absorber Scrapping ......................................................................................
Swingarm................................................................................................................................
Swingarm Removal...........................................................................................................
Swingarm Installation........................................................................................................
Swingarm Bearing Removal .............................................................................................
Swingarm Bearing Installation ..........................................................................................
Swingarm Bearing, Sleeve Inspection ..............................................................................
Swingarm Pivot Lubrication ..............................................................................................
Chain Slider Inspection .....................................................................................................
Tie-Rod, Rocker Arm ..............................................................................................................
Tie-Rod Removal ..............................................................................................................
Tie-Rod Installation ...........................................................................................................
Rocker Arm Removal........................................................................................................
Rocker Arm Installation.....................................................................................................
Rocker Arm/Tie-Rod Bearing, Sleeve Inspection .............................................................
Unit-track Linkage Lubrication ..........................................................................................
13-2
13-6
13-7
13-8
13-8
13-8
13-9
13-9
13-10
13-13
13-14
13-15
13-15
13-16
13-17
13-17
13-17
13-18
13-19
13-19
13-19
13-20
13-20
13-21
13-21
13-22
13-22
13-22
13-22
13-23
13-23
13-23
13-23
13-24
13-24
13-24
13
13-2 SUSPENSION
Exploded View
SUSPENSION 13-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Front fork clamp bolts (Upper)
8.8
0.90
78 in·lb
Front fork clamp bolts (Upper): ZR1000–A2 ∼
13
1.3
113 in·lb
Front fork clamp bolts (Lower)
20
2.0
15
Front fork clamp bolts (Lower): ZR1000–A2 ∼
30
3.1
22
3
Front fork top plugs
35
3.6
26
4
Piston rod nuts
20
2.0
15
5
Front fork bottom Allen bolts
20
2.0
15
6
Front axle clamp bolt
20
2.0
15
1
2
Remarks
7. Right fork leg
8. Left fork leg
AL: Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately two times to ensure even tightening torque.
R: Replacement parts
AL
AL
13-4 SUSPENSION
Exploded View
SUSPENSION 13-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Rear shock absorber nuts (upper and lower)
34
3.5
25
2
Swingarm pivot shaft nut
127
13
94
3
Swingarm pivot shaft locknut
98
10
72
4
Rocker arm nut
34
3.5
25
5
Tie-rod nuts
59
6.0
43
G: Apply or add grease.
Remarks
13-6 SUSPENSION
Specifications
Item
Standard
Front Fork (per one unit):
Fork inner tube outside diameter
41 mm (1.61 in.)
Air Pressure
Atmospheric pressure (Non-adjustable)
Rebound damper setting
1 turns out from the fully clockwise position
(only right fork leg)
Fork spring preload setting
(Usable Range: 0 ←→ 1 4/5 ∼ 2 2/5 turns out)
Adjuster protrusion is 19 mm (0.75 in.)
(Usable Range: 10 ∼ 25 mm (0.39 ∼ 0.98 in.))
Fork oil viscosity
SHOWA SS-8 (SAE 10W-20)
Fork oil capacity:
Right fork leg
450 ± 2.5 mL (15.21 ± 0.085 US oz) (completely dry)
approx. 385 mL (13.01 US oz) (when changing oil)
Left fork leg
468 ± 2.5 mL (15.82 ± 0.085 US oz) (completely dry)
approx. 400 mL (13.52 US oz) (when changing oil)
Fork oil level:
Fully compressed, without fork spring, below from inner
tube top
Right fork leg
62 ± 2 mm (2.44 ± 0.08 in.)
Left fork leg
47 ± 2 mm (1.85 ± 0.08 in.)
Fork spring free length
282.7 mm (11.13 in.) (Service limit 277 mm (10.91 in.))
Rear Shock Absorber:
Rebound damper set
1 turns out from the fully clockwise position
(Usable Range: 0 ←→ 3 ∼ 4 turns out)
Spring setting position
Standard
Spring length 188.4 mm (7.42 in.)
Usable range
Spring length 193.4 ∼ 183.4 mm (7.61 ∼ 7.22 in.)
(weaker to stronger)
Gas pressure
980 kPa (10 kgf/cm², 142 psi, Non-adjustable)
SUSPENSION 13-7
Special Tools
Oil Seal and Bearing Remover:
57001–1058
Fork Piston Rod Puller, M10 × 1.0:
57001–1298
Bearing Driver Set:
57001–1129
Front Fork Spring Compressor:
57001–1338
Jack:
57001–1238
Socket Wrench:
57001–1370
Front Fork Oil Seal Driver:
57001–1288
Hook Wrench:
57001–1539
Fork Oil Level Gauge:
57001–1290
13-8 SUSPENSION
Front Fork
Rebound Damping Force Adjustment (Only Right Fork
Leg)
adjust the rebound damping force, turn the rebound
• To
damping adjuster [A] on top of the right front fork leg to
the desired position.
○The standard adjuster setting for the average-build rider
of 68 kg (150 lb) with no passenger and no accessories
is 1 turns out of the fully clockwise position.
○The damping force can be left soft for average riding. But
it should be adjusted harder for high speed riding or riding
with a passenger. If the damping feels too soft or too stiff,
adjust it in accordance with the following table.
Rebound Damping Force Adjustment
Adjuster
Position
1 4/5 ∼ 2 2/5
↑
1
↓
0
Damping
Force
Weak
↑
↓
Strong
Setting
Load
Road
Speed
Soft
↑
Light
↑
Good
↑
Low
↑
↓
Hard
↓
Heavy
↓
Bad
↓
High
Spring Preload Adjustment
the spring preload adjuster [A] to change spring
• Turn
preload setting.
○The standard adjuster setting for the average-build rider
of 68 kg (150 lb) with no passenger and no accessories
is the 19 mm [B] from top as shown.
Adjuster Protrusion (from top)
Standard:
19 mm (0.75 in.)
Usable Range: 10 ∼ 25 mm (0.39 ∼ 0.98 in.)
WARNING
If both adjusters are not adjusted equally, handling
may be impaired and a hazardous condition may
result.
○The spring preload can be left soft for average riding. But
it should be adjusted harder for high speed riding or riding
with a passenger. If the spring action feels too soft or too
stiff, adjust it in accordance with the following table.
Spring Action
Adjuster
Position
25 mm
(0.98 in.)
↑
STD 19 mm
(0.75 in.)
↓
10 mm
(0.39 in.)
Damping
Force
Weak
Setting
Load
Road
Speed
Soft
Light
Good
Low
↑
↑
↑
↑
↑
↓
Strong
↓
Hard
↓
Heavy
↓
Bad
↓
High
SUSPENSION 13-9
Front Fork
Front Fork Removal (each fork leg)
• Remove:
Front Wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter.)
Front Fender (see Frame chapter.)
Windshield and Bracket (see Frame chapter.)
Inner Cover (see Frame chapter.)
Fairing and Bracket (see Frame chapter.)
Loosen the upper fork clamp bolts [A] and fork top plug
[B] before-hand if the fork leg is to be disassembled.
○Loosen
NOTE
the top plug after loosening the upper fork
clamp bolts.
the upper fork clamp bolts [A] and lower fork
• Loosen
clamp bolts [B].
• With a twisting motion, work the fork leg down and out.
Front Fork Installation
the fork so that the top end [A] of the outer tube is
• Install
flush with the upper surface [B] of the steering stem head
•
bracket.
Tighten:
Torque - Front Fork Clamp Bolts (Lower):
20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 ft·lb)
30 N·m (3.1 kgf·m, 22 ft·lb): ZR1000–A2 ∼
Front Fork Top Plug: 35 N·m (3.6 kgf·m, 26 ft·lb)
NOTE
○Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately two times to ensure even tightening torque.
○Tighten the top plug before tightening the upper fork
clamp bolts.
• Tighten:
Torque - Front Fork Clamp Bolt (Upper):
8.8 N·m (0.90 kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m, 113 in·lb): ZR1000–A2 ∼
NOTE
○Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately two times to ensure even tightening torque.
the spring preload and the damping force (right fork
• Adjust
leg only).
13-10 SUSPENSION
Front Fork
Fork Oil Change
the front fork (see Front Fork Removal).
•○Remove
spring
preload adjuster [A] counterclockwise until
Turn the
•
the fully position.
Unscrew the top plug [B] out of the inner tube.
the pins [A], set the front fork spring compressor
• Avoiding
set [B] on the washer [C].
Special Tool - Front Fork Spring Compressor:
57001–1338
• Compress the fork spring.
the piston rod nut [A] with a wrench [B], remove
• Holding
the fork top plug from the piston rod.
○For the right fork leg, remove the fork top plug with the
rebound damping adjuster rod [A].
• Remove:
Washer [A]
Slider [B]
Spacer [C]
SUSPENSION 13-11
Front Fork
the fork oil into a suitable container.
• Drain
Remove
fork spring [A].
•○Pump thethepiston
rod [B] up and down at least ten times to
expel the oil from the fork.
the fork tube upright, press the inner tube and the
• Hold
piston rod all the way down.
• Pour in the type and amount of fork oil specified.
Fork Oil
Viscosity:
Amount (Right fork leg)
When changing oil:
After disassembly and
completely dry:
SHOWA SS-8
approx. 385 mL (13.01 US
oz)
450 ± 2.5 mL (15.21 ± 0.085
US oz)
Amount (Left fork leg)
When changing oil:
approx. 400 mL (13.52 US oz)
After disassembly and
completely dry:
468 ± 2.5 mL (15.82 ± 0.085
US oz)
If necessary, measure the oil level as follows.
○Hold the inner tube vertically in a vise.
○Pump the inner tube several times to expel air bubbles.
○Using the piston rod puller [A], move the piston rod [B] up
and down more than ten times in order to expel all the air
from the fork oil.
Special Tool - Fork Piston Rod Puller, M10 ×1.0:
57001–1298
○Wait until the oil level settles.
○With the fork fully compressed and the piston rod [B] fully
pushed in, insert a tape measure or rod into the inner
tube, and measure the distance from the top of the inner
tube to the oil.
13-12 SUSPENSION
Front Fork
Oil Level (fully compressed, without spring)
Standard:
Right fork leg
62 ± 2 mm (2.44 ± 0.08 in.)
Left fork leg
47 ± 2 mm (1.85 ± 0.08 in.)
(from the top of the outer tube)
NOTE
○Fork oil level may also be measured using the fork oil
level gauge.
Special Tool - Fork Oil Level Gauge: 57001–1290 [A]
○With the fork fully compressed and without fork spring,
insert the gauge tube into the inner tube [B] and position
the stopper across the top end [F] of the outer tube [C].
○Set the gauge stopper [D] so that its lower side shows the
oil level distance specified [E].
○Pull the handle slowly to pump out the excess oil until the
oil no longer comes out.
If no oil is pumped out, there is insufficient oil in the inner
tube. Pour in enough oil, then pump out the excess oil as
shown above.
the piston rod [A] up above the inner tube top.
• Pull
Screw
the rod nut [B] on to the piston rod with the cham• fered side
down.
○Check that the visible thread length is 12.5 mm (0.492 in.)
[C].
the fork spring [A] with the smaller end [B] facing
• Install
upward.
the spacer.
•○Install
The right fork leg spacer [A] is shorter than the left fork
•
leg spacer [B].
Install the slider [C] and washer.
• Screw the fork piston rod puller onto the end of the rod.
Special Tool - Fork Piston Rod Puller,
57001–1298
M10 × 1.0:
SUSPENSION 13-13
Front Fork
the O-ring on the top plug and replace it with a new
• Check
one if damaged.
the right fork leg, check the distance [C] between the
• For
bottom end [A] of the top plug and rebound damping adjuster [B] with a pair of vernier caliper.
[C] 20 mm (0.79 in.)
the top plug [A] with a wrench [B], tighten the
• Holding
piston rod nut [C] against the top plug.
Torque - Piston Rod Nut: 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 ft·lb)
○For the right fork leg, the top plug has the rebound damp-
•
•
ing adjuster rod.
Raise the outer tube and screw the top plug into it.
Install the front fork (see Front Fork Installation).
Front Fork Disassembly
the front fork (see Front Fork Removal).
• Remove
the fork leg with a vise [A].
• Hold
Loosen
bolt [B] and tighten it loosely.
• Drain thetheforkAllen
oil
(see
Fork Oil Change).
•
the Allen bolt, then take the bolt and gasket out
• Unscrew
of the bottom of the inner tube.
the cylinder unit and centring plate out of the inner
• Take
tube.
○Do not disassemble the cylinder unit.
Cylinder Unit [A] and Center Ring Plate [C] for Right Fork
Leg
Cylinder Unit [B] and Center Ring Plate [C] for Left Fork
Leg
the inner tube from the outer tube as follows.
•○Separate
Slide up the dust seal [A].
○Remove the retaining ring [B] from the outer tube.
13-14 SUSPENSION
Front Fork
○Holding the inner tube [A] by hand, pull the outer tube [B]
several times to pull out the outer tube.
the inner tube guide bushing [A], outer tube
• Remove
guide bushing [B], washer [C], oil seal [D] from the inner
tube.
Front Fork Assembly
the following parts with new one.
• Replace
Oil Seal
•
Guide Bushings
Bottom Allen Bolt Gasket
Install the following parts onto the inner tube.
Dust Seal
Retaining Ring
Oil Seal
Washer
Outer Tube Guide Bushing
Inner Tube Guide Bushing
the inner tube to the outer tube.
• Insert
Fit
the
new outer guide bush [A] into the outer tube.
•
NOTE
○When assembling the new outer tube guide bushing [A],
hold the washer against the new one and tap the washer
with the fork oil seal driver [B] until it stops.
Special Tool - Front Fork Oil Seal Driver: 57001–1288
installing the washer, install the oil seal by using the
• After
fork oil seal driver.
• Install the retaining ring and dust seal by hand.
SUSPENSION 13-15
Front Fork
the cente ring plate on the cylinder unit.
• Install
Insert
the
cente ring plate and cylinder unit as a set into
• the inner tube.
•
•
Cylinder Unit [A] and Center Ring Plate [C] for Right Fork
Leg
Cylinder Unit [B] and Center Ring Plate [C] for Left Fork
Leg
Hold the front fork in a vise.
Torque the Allen bolt.
Torque - Front Fork Bottom Allen Bolt: 20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m,
15 ft·lb)
• Pour in the specified type of oil (see Fork Oil Change.)
Inner Tube, Outer Tube Inspection
inspect the inner tube [A], and repair any dam• Visually
age.
or rust damage can sometimes be repaired by using
• Nick
a wet-stone to remove sharp edges or raised areas which
cause seal damage.
If the damage is not repairable, replace the inner tube.
Since damage to the inner tube damages the oil seal,
replace the oil seal whenever the inner tube is repaired
or replaced.
CAUTION
If the inner tube is badly bent or creased, replace
it. Excessive bending, followed by subsequent
straightening, can weaken the inner tube.
assemble the inner tube [A] and outer tube
• Temporarily
[B], and pump [C] them back and forth manually to check
for smooth operation.
If you feel binding or catching, the inner and outer tubes
must be replaced.
WARNING
A straightened inner or outer fork tube may fall in
use, possibly causing an accident. Replace a badly
bent or damaged inner or outer tube and inspect the
other tube carefully before reusing it.
Dust Seal Inspection
the dust seals [A] for any signs of deterioration or
• Inspect
damage.
Replace it if necessary.
13-16 SUSPENSION
Front Fork
Spring Tension
a spring becomes shorter as it weakens, check its
• Since
free length [A] to determine its condition.
If the spring of either fork leg is shorter than the service
limit, it must be replaced. If the length of a replacement
spring and that of the remaining spring vary greatly, the
remaining spring should also be replaced in order to keep
the fork legs balanced for motorcycle stability.
Spring Free Length
Standard:
282.7 mm (11.13 in.)
Service Limit: 277 mm (10.91 in.)
SUSPENSION 13-17
Rear Shock Absorber
Rebound Damping Force Adjustment
adjust the rebound damping force, turn the rebound
• To
damping adjuster [A] to the desired position.
○The standard adjuster setting for an average-build rider
of 68 kg (150 lb) with no passenger and no accessories
3/4 turns out of the fully clockwise position.
Rebound Damping Force Adjustment
Adjuster
Position
3∼4
↑
STD 1
↓
0
Damping
Force
Weak
↑
↓
Strong
Setting
Load
Road
Speed
Soft
↑
Light
↑
Good
↑
Low
↑
↓
Hard
↓
Heavy
↓
Bad
↓
High
Spring Preload Adjustment
the rear shock absorber from the frame (see
• Remove
Rear Shock Absorber Removal).
the locknut and turn out the adjusting nut to free
• Loosen
the spring.
Special Tools - Hook Wrenches: 57001–1539
• Measure the spring free length.
Spring Free Length
Standard: 198.2 mm (7.80 in.)
adjust the spring preload, turn in the adjusting nut [A]
• To
to the desired position and tighten the locknut [B].
[C] Spring Length
Spring Preload Setting
Standard:
Spring length 188.4 mm (7.42 in.)
Usable Range: Spring length 193.4 ∼ 183.4 mm
(7.61 ∼ 7.22 in.) (weaker to stronger)
○The standard adjusting nut setting for an average-build
•
rider of 68 kg (150 lb) with no passenger and no accessories is 188.4 mm (7.42 in.) spring length.
If the spring action feels too soft or too stiff, adjust it.
Remove:
Right Side Muffler Body (see Engine Top End chapter.)
Chain Cover (see Drive Chain Removal in the Final Drive
chapter.)
Mud Guard (see Frame chapter.)
13-18 SUSPENSION
Rear Shock Absorber
Special Tools - Hook Wrench: 57001–1539 [A]
Spring Adjustment
Adjuster
Position
193.4 mm
(7.61 in.)
↑
↓
183.4 mm
(7.22 in.)
Damping
Force
Weak
↑
↓
Strong
Setting
Load
Road
Speed
Soft
Light
Good
Low
↑
↓
Hard
↑
↓
Heavy
↑
↓
Bad
↑
↓
High
Rear Shock Absorber Removal
• Using the jack, raise the rear wheel off the ground.
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
the brake lever slowly and hold it with a band
• Squeeze
[A].
WARNING
Be sure to hold the front brake when removing the
shock absorber, or the motorcycle may tall over. It
could cause an accident and injury.
• Remove:
Lower Shock Absorber Nut [A]
Lower Shock Absorber Bolt [B]
• Remove:
Upper Shock Absorber Nut [A]
Upper Shock Absorber Bolt [B]
SUSPENSION 13-19
Rear Shock Absorber
• Remove the shock absorber [A] from upside.
Rear Shock Absorber Installation
• Tighten:
Torque - Rear Shock Absorber Nuts: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25
ft·lb)
Rear Shock Absorber Inspection
the rear shock absorber.
• Remove
Visually
inspect
• Smooth Strokethe following items.
•
Oil Leakage
Crack or Dent
If there is any damage to the rear shock absorber, replace
it.
Visually inspect the rubber bushing.
If it show any signs of damage, replace it.
Rear Shock Absorber Scrapping
WARNING
Since the reservoir tank of the rear shock absorber
contains nitrogen gas, do not incinerate the reservoir tank without first releasing the gas or it may
explode.
the valve cap [A] and release the nitrogen gas
• Remove
completely from the gas reservoir.
• Remove the valve.
WARNING
Since the high pressure gas is dangerous, do not
point the valve toward your face or body.
13-20 SUSPENSION
Swingarm
Swingarm Removal
the muffler bodies (see Engine Top End chapter.)
• Remove
• Raise the rear wheel off the ground with jack.
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
• Remove:
Rear Wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter.)
Chain Cover (see Final Drive chapter.)
Mud Guard (see Frame chapter.)
Brake Hose Clamp [A]
Lower Shock Absorber Nut and Bolt [A]
Upper Tie-Rod Nut and Bolt [B]
the right frame cover (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Loosen
the
shock absorber nut.
• Unscrew theupper
swingarm
pivot locknut [A], using the socket
• wrench [B].
Special Tool - Socket Wrench: 57001–1370
the swingarm pivot nut [A] and loosen
• Unscrew
swingarm pivot shaft [B].
• Pull off the pivot shaft and remove the swingarm.
the
SUSPENSION 13-21
Swingarm
Swingarm Installation
plenty of grease to the ball bearing, needle bearings
• Apply
and grease seals, and add plenty of grease to the grease
•
nipple.
Install the collars [A].
○Place the right collar [A] on the
•
•
•
stopper [B] inside the
frame [C].
Insert the pivot shaft into the frame from the right side.
Tighten the pivot shaft so that the clearance [D] between
the collar [A] and the frame [C] come to zero mm.
Tighten:
Torque - Swingarm Pivot Shaft Nut: 127 N·m (13 kgf·m, 94
ft·lb)
• Tighten the pivot locknut, using the socket wrench.
Special Tool - Socket Wrench: 57001–1370
Torque - Swingarm Pivot Shaft Locknut:
kgf·m, 72 ft·lb)
Swingarm Bearing Removal
• Remove:
Swingarm
Collars [A]
Grease Seals [B]
Sleeve [C]
Circlip (right side) [D]
98 N·m (10.0
13-22 SUSPENSION
Swingarm
• Remove the ball bearing and needle bearings.
Special Tool - Oil Seal and Bearing Remover: 57001–1058
[A]
Swingarm Bearing Installation
plenty of grease to the ball bearing and needle
• Apply
bearings.
the needle bearings so that the manufacturer’s
• Install
marks face in.
the ball bearing so that the manufacturer’s marks
• Install
faces out.
Special Tool - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129 [A]
Swingarm Bearing, Sleeve Inspection
CAUTION
Do not remove the bearings for inspection. Remove
may damage them.
the needle bearings [A] and ball bearing [B] in• Inspect
stalled in the swingarm,
○The rollers and ball in bearing normally wear very little,
and wear is difficult to measure. Instead of measuring,
visually inspect the bearing for abrasion, discoloration, or
other damage.
If the needle bearing, ball bearing, and sleeve show any
sings of abnormal wear, discoloration, or damage. replace them as a set.
Swingarm Pivot Lubrication
to Swingarm Pivot Lubrication in the Periodic Main• Refer
tenance chapter.
Chain Slider Inspection
inspect the chain slider [A].
• Visually
Replace the chain slider if it shows any signs of abnormal
wear or damage.
SUSPENSION 13-23
Tie-Rod, Rocker Arm
Tie-Rod Removal
the muffler bodies (see Engine Top End chapter.)
• Remove
the side stand (see Frame chapter.)
• Remove
Using
the
jack, raise the rear wheel off the ground.
•
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
the brake lever slowly and hold it with a band
• Squeeze
[A].
• Remove:
Lower Rear Shock Absorber Bolt and Nut [A]
Upper and Lower Tie-Rod Bolts and Nuts [B]
Tie-Rods [C]
Tie-Rod Installation
grease to the inside of the needle bearings and
• Apply
grease seals.
the tie-rods so that the marked side faces the bolts
• Install
and nuts.
• Tighten:
Torque - Tie-Rod Nuts: 59 N·m (6.0 kgf·m, 43 ft·lb)
Rear Shock Absorber Nut: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25
ft·lb)
Rocker Arm Removal
the right side muffler body (see Engine Top End
• Remove
chapter.)
• Using the jack, raise the rear wheel off the ground.
Special Tool - Jack: 57001–1238
the brake lever slowly and hold it with a band.
• Squeeze
Remove:
• Lower Rear Shock Absorber Bolt and Nut [A]
Lower Tie-Rod Bolt and Nut [B]
Rocker Arm Bolt and Nut [C]
Rocker Arm [D]
13-24 SUSPENSION
Tie-Rod, Rocker Arm
Rocker Arm Installation
grease to the inside of the needle bearings and oil
• Apply
seal lips, and add grease to the grease nipple.
• Tighten:
Torque - Rocker Arm Bolt: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25 ft·lb)
Tie-Rod Nut: 59 N·m (6.0 kgf·m, 43 ft·lb)
Rear Shock Absorber Nut: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m, 25
ft·lb)
Rocker Arm/Tie-Rod Bearing, Sleeve Inspection
inspect the rocker arm/tie-rod sleeves and needle
• Visually
bearings.
rollers in a needle bearing normally wear very little,
• The
and wear is difficult to measure. Instead of measuring,
inspect the bearing for abrasion, color change, or other
damage.
If there is any doubt as to the condition of any of the needle bearings or sleeve, replace the sleeve, and needle
bearings as a set.
Unit-track Linkage Lubrication
to Unit-track Linkage Lubrication in the Periodic
• Refer
Maintenance chapter.
STEERING 14-1
Steering
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Special Tools ..........................................................................................................................
Steering ..................................................................................................................................
Steering Inspection ...........................................................................................................
Steering Adjustment..........................................................................................................
Steering Stem.........................................................................................................................
Stem, Stem Bearing Removal...........................................................................................
Stem, Stem Bearing Installation........................................................................................
Stem Bearing Lubrication..................................................................................................
Steering Stem Warp..........................................................................................................
Handlebar ...............................................................................................................................
Handlebar Removal ..........................................................................................................
Handlebar Installation .......................................................................................................
Rear View Mirrors Removal ..............................................................................................
Rear View Mirrors Installation ...........................................................................................
14-2
14-4
14-5
14-5
14-5
14-6
14-6
14-7
14-9
14-9
14-10
14-10
14-10
14-11
14-11
14
14-2 STEERING
Exploded View
STEERING 14-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Steering stem nut
27
2.75
20
2
Steering stem head bolt
108
11
80
3
Front fork clamp bolts (Upper)
8.8
0.90
78 in·lb
Front fork clamp bolts (Upper): ZR1000–A2 ∼
13
1.3
113 in·lb
Front fork clamp bolts (Lower)
20
2.0
15
Front fork clamp bolts (Lower): ZR1000–A2 ∼
30
3.1
22
5
Handlebar clamp bolts
25
2.5
18
6
Handlebar lower clamp nuts
34
3.5
25
7
Handlebar housing switch screws
3.4
0.35
30 in·lb
4
8. Steering stem head bolt plug
9. Plug (ZR1000–A2 ∼ )
AD: Apply adhesive.
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
R: Replacement part
AL: Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately two times to ensure even tighten torque.
S: Follow the specific tightening sequence.
Remarks
AL
AL
S
14-4 STEERING
Special Tools
Steering Stem Nut Wrench:
57001–1100
Steering Stem Bearing Driver:
57001–1344
Bearing Driver Set:
57001–1129
Steering Stem Bearing Driver Adapter:
57001–1345
Jack:
57001–1238
STEERING 14-5
Steering
Steering Inspection
to the Steering Inspection in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Steering Adjustment
to the Steering Adjustment in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
14-6 STEERING
Steering Stem
Stem, Stem Bearing Removal
• Remove:
Windshield and Bracket (see Frame chapter.)
Inner Cover (see Frame chapter.)
Fairing and Bracket (see Frame chapter.)
Front Wheel (see Wheels/Tires chapter.)
Handlebar (see Handlebar Removal.)
Steering Stem Head Bolt Plug
Steering Stem Head Bolt [A] and Washer
Steering Stem Head
the brake hose clamp bolt [A] and take the hose
• Remove
[B] off the steering stem [C].
• Remove the front fork (see Suspension chapter).
the claw washer tabs [A].
• Bend
Pushing
the stem base, and remove the steering stem
• locknut [B]upand
claw washer [C].
Stem Cap [D]
• Remove the steering stem nut [A].
Special Tool - Steering Stem Nut Wrench: 57001–1100 [B]
the stem cap.
• Remove
Remove
the
upper stem bearing inner race.
•
STEERING 14-7
Steering Stem
remove the bearing outer races [C] pressed into the
• To
head pipe [B], insert a bar [A] into the recesses [D] of head
pipe, and applying it to both recess alternately hammer it
to drive the race out.
NOTE
○If either steering stem bearing is damaged, it is recommended that both the upper and lower bearings (including outer races) should be replaced with new ones.
the lower bearing inner race [A] which is pressed
• Remove
onto the steering stem with a suitable commercially available chisel [B].
Stem, Stem Bearing Installation
the bearing outer races with new ones.
• Replace
grease to the outer races, and drive them into the
• Apply
head pipe at the same time.
Special Tools - Bearing Driver Set: 57001–1129 [A]
the bearing inner races with new ones.
• Replace
Drive
the
lower ball bearing inner race applied the grease
• onto the stem.
Special Tools - Steering Stem Bearing Driver: 57001–1344
[A]
Steering Stem Bearing Driver Adapter:
57001–1345 [B]
14-8 STEERING
Steering Stem
grease the lower ball bearing [A] and install it onto
• Apply
the stem.
grease to the upper ball bearing [B] and inner race
• Apply
[C].
the stem [A] through the head pipe and install the
• Install
ball bearing [B] and inner race [C] on it.
• Install the stem cap [D] and steering stem nut [E].
the inner races in place as follows:
•○Settle
Tighten the steering stem nut with 39 N·m (4.0 kgf·m, 29
ft·lb) of torque first, and loosen it a fraction of a turn until
it turns lightly. Afterward tighten it again with specified
torque using a stem nut wrench [A] in the direction shown.
○Check that there is no play and the steering stem turns
smoothly without rattles. If not, the steering stem bearings
may be damaged.
Special Tool - Steering Stem Nut Wrench: 57001–1100
Torque - Steering Stem Nut: 27 N·m (2.75 kgf·m, 20 ft·lb)
the claw washer [A] so that its bent side [B] faces
• Install
upward, and engage the bent claws with the grooves of
•
•
•
•
•
•
stem locknut [C].
Hand tighten the stem locknut until it touches the claw
washer.
Tighten the stem locknut clockwise until the claws are
aligned with the grooves (ranging from 2nd to 4th) of stem
nut [D], and bend the 2 claws downward [E].
Install the stem head.
Install the washer, and tighten the stem head bolt with
specified torque.
Install the steering stem head bolt plug.
Install the front fork (see Suspension chapter).
STEERING 14-9
Steering Stem
NOTE
○Tighten the fork upper clamp bolts first, next the stem
head nut, last the fork lower clamp bolts.
Torque - Steering Stem Head Bolt : 108 N·m (11 kgf·m, 80
ft·lb)
Front Fork Clamp Bolts (Upper):
8.8 N·m (0.90 kgf·m, 78 in·lb)
13 N·m (1.3 kgf·m, 113 in·lb): ZR1000–A2 ∼
Front Fork Clamp Bolts (Lower):
20 N·m (2.0 kgf·m, 15 ft·lb)
30 N·m (3.1 kgf·m, 22 ft·lb): ZR1000–A2 ∼
NOTE
○Tighten the two clamp bolts alternately two times to ensure even tightening torque.
WARNING
Do not impede the handlebar turning by routing the
cables, harnesses and hoses improperly (see General Information chapter).
• Install the removed parts (see appropriate chapter).
Stem Bearing Lubrication
to Stem Bearing Lubrication in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Steering Stem Warp
the steering stem is removed, or if the steering
• Whenever
cannot be adjusted for smooth action, check the steering
stem for straightness.
If the steering stem [A] is bent, replace the steering stem.
14-10 STEERING
Handlebar
Handlebar Removal
• Remove:
Clutch Lever Assembly [A]
•
Left Handlebar Switch Housing [B]
Front Brake Master Cylinder [C]
Right Handlebar Switch Housing [D]
Handlebar Holder Bolts [E]
Remove the handlebar holders [F] and then pull out the
handlebar [G].
the cotter pins [A].
• Remove
Unscrew
the mounting nuts [B] and remove the handlebar
• lower clamps
[C].
Handlebar Installation
the handlebar lower clamps [A], noting the letters
• Install
“L” [B] and “R” [C].
• Tighten:
Torque - Handlebar Lower Clamp Nuts: 34 N·m (3.5 kgf·m,
25 ft·lb)
the punch mark [A] on the handlebar and the corner
• Align
edge [B] on the lower clamp.
the front clamp bolts first, and then the rear clamp
• Tighten
bolts. There will be a gap [A] at the rear part of the clamp
after tightening.
Torque - Handlebar Clamp Bolts: 25 N·m (2.5 kgf·m, 18
ft·lb)
STEERING 14-11
Handlebar
Rear View Mirrors Removal
the lower hexagonal area [A] for tightening to re• Loosen
move the rear view mirror from the holder.
CAUTION
Do not force to tighten and/or loosen the upper
hexagonal area (Adapter) [B] with a pair of spanners. Disassembly of this area is Not Available.
Non-permanent locking agent [D] is already applied
to the threads of this inner area. Forcible loosening may damage the adapter and/or the turning
mechanism of the stay [C].
Rear View Mirrors Installation
the mounting area of the right rear view mirror into
• Screw
the holder all the way, and tighten the lower hexagonal
area for tightening securely.
[A] Lower Hexagonal Area for Tightening
[B] Upper Hexagonal Area (Adapter)
[C] Rear View Mirror (Right)
FRAME 15-1
Frame
Table of Contents
Exploded View........................................................................................................................
Seats ......................................................................................................................................
Rear Seat Removal...........................................................................................................
Rear Seat Installation........................................................................................................
Front Seat Removal ..........................................................................................................
Front Seat Installation .......................................................................................................
Side Covers ............................................................................................................................
Side Cover Removal .........................................................................................................
Side Cover Installation ......................................................................................................
Fairings...................................................................................................................................
Windshield Removal .........................................................................................................
Windshield Installation ......................................................................................................
Inner Cover Removal ........................................................................................................
Inner Cover Installation .....................................................................................................
Fairing Removal................................................................................................................
Fairing Installation.............................................................................................................
Faring Bracket Removal ...................................................................................................
Seat Covers............................................................................................................................
Seat Cover Removal.........................................................................................................
Seat Cover Installation......................................................................................................
Mud Guard..............................................................................................................................
Mud Guard Removal.........................................................................................................
Mud Guard Installation......................................................................................................
Fenders ..................................................................................................................................
Front Fender Removal ......................................................................................................
Front Fender Installation ...................................................................................................
Rear Fender Rear Removal..............................................................................................
Rear Fender Rear Installation...........................................................................................
Frame Cover...........................................................................................................................
Frame Cover Removal......................................................................................................
Battery Case...........................................................................................................................
Battery Case Removal ......................................................................................................
Battery Case Installation ...................................................................................................
Side Stand ..............................................................................................................................
Side Stand Removal .........................................................................................................
Side Stand Installation ......................................................................................................
Frame .....................................................................................................................................
Frame Inspection ..............................................................................................................
15-2
15-7
15-7
15-7
15-7
15-7
15-8
15-8
15-8
15-9
15-9
15-9
15-9
15-9
15-9
15-10
15-10
15-11
15-11
15-11
15-12
15-12
15-12
15-13
15-13
15-13
15-13
15-14
15-15
15-15
15-16
15-16
15-16
15-17
15-17
15-17
15-18
15-18
15
15-2 FRAME
Exploded View
FRAME 15-3
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Footpeg holder bolts
34
3.5
25
2
Muffler mounting nuts
29
3.0
22
3
Side stand bolt
44
4.5
33
4
Side stand switch bolt
8.8
0.9
78 in·lb
G: Apply grease.
Remarks
15-4 FRAME
Exploded View
FRAME 15-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Windshield screws
0.35 ∼ 0.50
0.035 ∼ 0.050
3 ∼4 in·lb
2
Front fender bolts
3.9
0.4
34.7 in·lb
Remarks
L
15-6 FRAME
Exploded View
FRAME 15-7
Seats
Rear Seat Removal
the ignition switch key into the seat lock [A], turning
• Insert
the key counterclockwise, pulling up on the rear of the
seat [B], and pulling the seat backward.
WARNING
The muffler surface is hot once the engine has been
started. When operating the seat lock be careful not
to touch the muffler or you may be burned.
NOTE
○Insert the ignition key to the bottom of the seat lock, and
turn the key counterclockwise while strongly pushing
down the rear of the seat for easier removal.
Rear Seat Installation
the rear seat hooks [A] into the hollow-cubic bracket
• Slip
[B] on the frame.
the seat latch [C] into the latch hole [D].
• Insert
Push
down
the rear part of the seat until the lock clicks.
•
Front Seat Removal
• Remove:
Rear Seat (see Rear Seat Removal)
•
Mounting Bolts [A]
Seat Bracket [B]
Remove the front seat [C] by pulling it up on the rear and
to the rear.
Front Seat Installation
the front seat hook [A] under the brace [B] on the fuel
• Slip
tank bracket.
15-8 FRAME
Side Covers
Side Cover Removal
the bolt [A].
• Remove
side
cover [B] evenly outward to clear the stopthe
• Pull
pers.
Side Cover Installation
the tabs [A] into the holes [B].
• Insert
Install
the bolt.
•
FRAME 15-9
Fairings
Windshield Removal
• Remove:
Bolts [A]
Windshield [B]
Windshield Installation
• Windshield Installation is the reverse of removal.
Torque - Windshield Screw: 0.35 ∼ 0.50 N·m
(0.035 ∼ 0.050 kgf·m, 3 ∼ 4 in·lb)
Inner Cover Removal
• Remove:
Inner Cover Screws [A] (both side)
Inner Cover [B]
Inner Cover Installation
the projections [A] on the inner cover [B] into the holes
• Fit
[C] in the firing bracket.
• Install the inner cover screws.
Fairing Removal
• Remove:
Windshield
Windshield Bracket nuts [A]
15-10 FRAME
Fairings
• Remove:
Fairing Mounting Bolts [A] (both side)
Headlight Connectors
Fairing Installation
• Fairing installation is the reverse of removal.
Faring Bracket Removal
• Remove:
Fairing (see Fairing Removal)
Turn Signal Lights (see Electrical System chapter)
Meter Unit [A] (see Electrical System chapter)
Clamp [B]
Bolts [C]
Firing Bracket [D]
FRAME 15-11
Seat Covers
Seat Cover Removal
• Remove:
Seats
Screws [A]
• Push the central pin, and then remove the quick rivets [A].
the front portions [A] of the seat cover outside [B],
• Pull
and then remove the seat cover backward.
Seat Cover Installation
is reverse of removal.
• Installation
• Put the projections [A] into the grommets [B] on the frame.
15-12 FRAME
Mud Guard
Mud Guard Removal
• Remove:
Chain Cover (see Final Drive chapter)
Bolt [A]
Clamp [B]
• Lift up the mud guard [A], and then pull it out backward.
Mud Guard Installation
• Put the projections [A] into the grommets [B].
FRAME 15-13
Fenders
Front Fender Removal
• Remove:
Brake Hose Clamps [A]
•
Bolts [B] (both side)
Remove the front fender [C].
Front Fender Installation
• Install the brake hose clamps to the front fender holes.
Rear Fender Rear Removal
• Remove:
Seats
Seat Cover
Canister (California model only)
Diodes [A] (pull out)
Stop and Turn Signal Light Lead Connectors [B]
Seat Lock Mounting Bolts [C]
Rear Fender Assy Bolts [D]
• Remove:
Screws and Washers [A]
Tail Lamp Assembly [B]
• Remove:
Bolts [A]
Storage Compartment [B]
15-14 FRAME
Fenders
• Remove:
Quick Rivets [A]
Rear Fender Rear [B]
Rear Fender Rear Installation
• Put the projection [A] into the hole [B].
the projections [A] into the holes [B].
• Put
Installation
is reverse of removal.
•
FRAME 15-15
Frame Cover
Frame Cover Removal
• Remove:
Bolts [A]
Frame Cover [B] (both side)
15-16 FRAME
Battery Case
Battery Case Removal
• Remove:
Seats
•
Seat Cover
Rear Fender Assy
Side Covers
Battery
Left Side Screw [A] (with reserver tank)
Pull out the battery case [B] backward [C].
Battery Case Installation
the battery case attachments [A] at the projections [B]
• Put
on the frame.
FRAME 15-17
Side Stand
Side Stand Removal
the rear wheel off the ground with the stand.
• Raise
• Remove:
Muffler (both side)
Exhaust pipe
Side Stand Switch Bolt [A]
Side Stand Switch [B]
Spring [C]
Side Stand Nut [D]
Side Stand Bolt [E]
Side Stand [F]
Side Stand Installation
grease to the sliding area [B] of the side stand [A].
• Apply
Tighten
the bolt and lock them with the nut.
•
Torque - Side Stand Bolt: 44 N·m (4.5 kgf·m, 32 ft·lb)
the spring
• Hook
the side stand switch.
•○Install
Apply a non-permanent locking agent to the thread of the
switch bolt.
Torque - Side Stand Switch Bolt: 8.8 N·m (0.9 kgf·m, 78
in·lb)
15-18 FRAME
Frame
Frame Inspection
inspect the frame for cracks, dents, bending, or
• Visually
warp.
○If there is any damage to the frame, replace it.
WARNING
A repaired frame may fail in use, possibly causing
an accident. If the frame is bent, dented, cracked,
or warped, replace it.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-1
Electrical System
Table of Contents
Parts Location....................................
Exploded View...................................
Specifications ....................................
Special Tools and Sealant .................
Wiring Diagram (U.S.A. and Canada)
Wiring Diagram (Australia) ................
Wiring Diagram (Other than U.S.A.,
Canada, Australia, and Malaysia)...
Wiring Diagram (Malaysia) ................
Precautions........................................
Electrical Wiring.................................
Wiring Inspection .........................
Battery ...............................................
Battery Removal ..........................
Battery Installation .......................
Electrolyte Filling..........................
Initial Charge................................
Precautions ..................................
Interchange ..................................
Charging Condition Inspection.....
Refreshing Charge.......................
Charging System ...............................
Alternator Cover Removal............
Alternator Cover Installation.........
Stator Coil Removal .....................
Stator Coil Installation ..................
Alternator Rotor Removal ............
Alternator Rotor Installation .........
Alternator Inspection ....................
Regulator/Rectifier Inspection......
Charging Voltage Inspection ........
Ignition System ..................................
Crankshaft Sensor Removal ........
Crankshaft Sensor Installation .....
Crankshaft Sensor Inspection......
Crankshaft Sensor Peak Voltage
Inspection..................................
Timing Rotor Removal .................
Timing Rotor Installation ..............
Camshaft Position Sensor
Removal ....................................
Camshaft Position Sensor
Installation .................................
Camshaft Position Sensor
Inspection..................................
16-3
16-4
16-10
16-11
16-12
16-14
16-16
16-18
16-20
16-22
16-22
16-23
16-23
16-23
16-23
16-25
16-26
16-27
16-27
16-27
16-29
16-29
16-29
16-29
16-30
16-30
16-30
16-32
16-33
16-35
16-37
16-37
16-38
16-38
16-39
16-39
16-39
16-40
16-40
16-40
Camshaft Position Sensor Peak
Voltage Inspection.....................
Stick Coil (Ignition Coil together
with Spark Plug Cap) Removal .
Stick Coil (Ignition Coil together
with Spark Plug Cap)
Installation .................................
Stick Coil (Ignition Coil together
with Spark Plug Cap) Inspection
Stick Coil Primary Peak Voltage ..
Spark Plug Removal ....................
Spark Plug Installation .................
Spark Plug Cleaning and
Inspection..................................
Spark Plug Gap Inspection ..........
Interlock Operation Inspection .....
IC Igniter Inspection .....................
Electric Starter System ......................
Starter Motor Removal.................
Starter Motor Installation..............
Starter Motor Disassembly...........
Starter Motor Assembly ...............
Brush Inspection ..........................
Commutator Cleaning and
Inspection..................................
Armature Inspection.....................
Brush Lead Inspection .................
Brush Plate and Terminal Bolt
Inspection..................................
Starter Relay Inspection...............
Lighting System .................................
Headlight Beam Horizontal
Adjustment ................................
Headlight Beam Vertical
Adjustment ................................
Headlight Bulb Replacement .......
Headlight Removal/Installation ....
City Light Bulb Replacement
(European Model) .....................
Turn Signal Light Bulb
Replacement .............................
Turn Signal Relay Inspection .......
Tail/Brake Light (LED) Removal...
Tail/Brake Light (LED) Installation
Radiator Fan System.........................
Fan System Circuit Inspection .....
16-41
16-41
16-42
16-43
16-43
16-44
16-44
16-44
16-44
16-45
16-46
16-49
16-49
16-49
16-49
16-50
16-51
16-51
16-51
16-52
16-52
16-52
16-54
16-54
16-54
16-55
16-56
16-56
16-59
16-61
16-61
16-62
16-63
16-63
16
16-2 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Fan Motor Inspection ...................
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit..............
Meter Unit Removal .....................
Meter, Gauge Disassembly..........
Electronic Combination Meter
Unit Inspection ..........................
Switches and Sensors .......................
Brake Light Timing Inspection......
Brake Light Timing Adjustment ....
Switch Inspection .........................
Radiator Fan Switch Inspection ...
Water Temperature Sensor
Inspection..................................
Speed Sensor Inspection.............
Fuel Level Sensor Inspection.......
16-63
16-65
16-65
16-65
16-66
16-75
16-75
16-75
16-75
16-75
16-76
16-77
16-79
Fuel Reserve Switch Inspection...
Diode (Rectifier) Inspection..........
Junction Box ......................................
Junction Box Fuse Circuit
Inspection..................................
Starter Circuit/Headlight Relay
Inspection..................................
Diode Circuit Inspection ...............
Fuse...................................................
30A Main Fuse Removal..............
Junction Box Fuse Removal ........
Fuse Installation...........................
15A ECU Fuse Removal..............
Fuse Inspection............................
16-79
16-80
16-81
16-81
16-82
16-83
16-84
16-84
16-84
16-84
16-84
16-84
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-3
Parts Location
[A] Starter Lockout Switch
[B] Camshaft Position Sensor
[C] Radiator Fan Switch
[D] Starter Motor
[E] Alternator
[F] Speed Sensor
[G] Neutral Switch
[H] Side Stand Switch
[I] Water Temperature Sensor
[J] Battery
[K] Junction Box
[L] Front Brake Light Switch
[M] Stick Coils
[N] Crankshaft Sensor
[O] Rear Brake Light Switch
[P] Starter Relay and Main Fuse
[Q] ECU Fuse
[R] Turn Signal Relay
[S] Diode (Rectifier)
[T] ECU
(Electronic Control Unit)
[U] Oil Pressure Switch
[V] Radiator Fan
[W] Fuel Level Sensor
16-4 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Exploded View
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-5
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
1
Meter mounting screws
1.2
0.12
11 in·lb
2
Tail/brake light mounting screws
1.2
0.12
11 in·lb
3
License plate light mounting screws
1.2
0.12
11 in·lb
4
Front brake light switch screw
1.2
0.12
11 in·lb
5
Starter locknut switch screws
-
-
-
6
Left switch housing screws
3.4
0.35
30 in·lb
7
Right switch housing screws
3.4
0.35
30 in·lb
8
Headlight mounting bolts
5.9
0.6
53 in·lb
9. Tail/brake lights (LED)
10. Vibration Resistance Bulb
11. Install the rear brake spring as shown.
Longer Side [A]
L: Apply a non–permanent locking agent.
EUR: European Community
AU: Australia
CA: Canada
US: U.S.A.
Remarks
L
16-6 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Exploded View
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-7
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Water temperature sensor
25
2.5
18
2
Spark plugs
13
1.3
115 in·lb
3
Alternator lead holding plate bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
4
Starter motor mounting bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
5
Stator motor coil bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
6
Alternator rotor bolt
110
11
80
7
Starter clutch bolts
12
1.2
104 in·lb
8
Alternator cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
9
Crankshaft sensor bolts
5.9
0.6
53 in·lb
10 Crankshaft sensor cover bolts
11
1.1
95 in·lb
11 Timing rotor bolt
39
4.0
29
12 Camshaft position sensor bolt
12
1.2
104 in·lb
13 Radiator fan switch
18
1.8
13
14 Starter relay cable terminal bolts
3.9
0.4
35 in·lb
L
15 Oil pressure switch terminal bolts
1.5
0.15
13 in·lb
G
16 Oil pressure switch
15
1.5
11
SS
17. Radiator fan
18. Crankshaft sensor
19. Camshaft position sensor
20. Starter relay/main fuse
21. Stick coils
22. Ignition switch
G: Apply grease.
L: Apply a non–permanent locking agent.
M: Apply molybdenum disulfide grease.
SS: Apply silicone sealant
SS
L
L
L
16-8 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Exploded View
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-9
Exploded View
No.
Fastener
Torque
N·m
kgf·m
ft·lb
Remarks
1
Regulator/rectifier bolts
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
2
Fuel level sensor bolts
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
3
Side stand switch bolt
8.8
0.9
78 in·lb
4
Neutral switch
15
1.5
11
5
Speed sensor bolt
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
L
6
Speed sensor cover bolts
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
L
7
Regulator/rectifier bracket bolts
6.9
0.7
62 in·lb
8
Engine ground cable terminal bolt
9.8
1.0
87 in·lb
9. Turn signal relay
10. Junction box
11. ECU (Electrical Unit Control)
12. 15 A ECU fuse
13. Fuel reserve switch
14. Diode (Rectifier)
15. Speed sensor
16. Regulator/rectifier
17. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent.
16-10 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Specifications
Item
Battery:
Type
Capacity
Voltage
Charging System:
Type
Alternator output voltage
Stator coil resistance
Charging voltage
(regulator/rectifier output voltage)
Ignition System:
Crankshaft sensor resistance
Crankshaft sensor peak voltage
Camshaft Position Sensor resistance
Camshaft Position Sensor peak voltage
Stick coil:
Primary winding resistance
Secondary winding resistance
Primary peak voltage
Spark plug:
Spark plug gap
IC igniter inspection:
Electric Starter System:
Starter motor:
Brush length
Commutator diameter
Switch and Sensor:
Speedometer sensor
Rear brake light switch timing
Engine oil pressure switch connections
Fan switch connections
Rising temperature
Falling temperature
Water temperature sensor resistance
Fuel level sensor resistance:
Fuel position
Empty position
Fuel reserve switch
Standard
Sealed Battery
12 V 8 Ah
12.6 V or more
Three–phase AC
42 V or more
0.3 ∼ 0.4 Ω
14.7 ± 0.5 V
376 ∼ 564 Ω
1.9 V or more
400 ∼ 460 Ω
0.2 V or more
1.04 ∼ 1.56 Ω
10.8 ∼ 16.2 kΩ
88 V or more
0.7 ∼ 0.8 mm (0.028 ∼ 0.031 in.)
in the text
12 mm (0.47 in.) (Service limit: 8.5 mm, 0.33 in.)
28 mm (1.10 in.) (Service limit: 27 mm, 1.06 in.)
in the text
ON after about 10 mm pedal travel
When engine is stopped: ON
When engine is running: OFF
From OFF to ON @ 93 ∼ 103°C (199 ∼ 217°F)
Fan stops with the temperature 3∼8 °C (38 ∼ 46 °F)
lower than the operation temperature range.
ON: Less than 0.5 Ω
OFF: More than 10 MΩ
in the text
4 ∼ 10 Ω
90 ∼ 100 Ω
in the text
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-11
Special Tools and Sealant
Hand Tester:
57001–1394
Rotor Puller, M16/M18/M20/M22 × 1.5:
57001–1216
Flywheel Puller, M38 × 1.5:
57001–1405
Flywheel and Pulley Holder:
57001–1343
Rotor Holder:
57001–1543
Needle Adapter:
57001–1457
Lead Wire-Peak Voltage Adapter:
57001–1449
Spark Plug Wrench (Owner’s Tool):
92110–1132
Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant):
56019–120
Harness Adapter:
57001–1542
16-12 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram (U.S.A. and Canada)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-13
Wiring Diagram (U.S.A. and Canada)
16-14 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram (Australia)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-15
Wiring Diagram (Australia)
16-16 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram (Other than U.S.A., Canada, Australia, and Malaysia)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-17
Wiring Diagram (Other than U.S.A., Canada, Australia, and Malaysia)
16-18 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Wiring Diagram (Malaysia)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-19
Wiring Diagram (Malaysia)
16-20 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Precautions
There are a number of important precautions that are
musts when servicing electrical systems. Learn and observe all the rules below.
○Do not reverse the battery lead connections. This will
burn out the diodes on the electrical parts.
○Always check battery condition before condemning other
parts of an electrical system. A fully charged battery is a
must for conducting accurate electrical system tests.
○The electrical parts should never be struck sharply, as
with a hammer, or allowed to fall on a hard surface. Such
a shock to the parts can damage them.
○To prevent damage to electrical parts, do not disconnect
the battery leads or any other electrical connections when
the ignition switch is on, or while the engine is running.
○Because of the large amount of current, never keep the
starter button pushed when the starter motor will not turn
over, or the current may burn out the starter motor windings.
○Take care not to short the leads that are directly connected to the battery positive (+) terminal to the chassis
ground.
○Troubles may involve one or in some cases all items.
Never replace a defective part without determining what
CAUSED the failure. If the failure was caused by some
other item or items, they must be repaired or replaced, or
the new replacement will soon fail again.
○Make sure all connectors in the circuit are clean and tight,
and examine wires for signs of burning, fraying, etc. Poor
wires and bad connections will affect electrical system operation.
○Measure coil and winding resistance when the part is cold
(at room temperature).
○Color Codes:
BK
BL
BR
CH
DG
Black
Blue
Brown
Chocolate
Dark green
G
GY
LB
LG
O
○Electrical Connectors
Female Connectors [A]
Green
Gray
Light blue
Light green
Orange
P
PU
R
W
Y
Pink
Purple
Red
White
Yellow
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-21
Precautions
Male Connectors [B]
16-22 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Electrical Wiring
Wiring Inspection
inspect the wiring for signs of burning, fraying,
• Visually
etc.
If any wiring is poor, replace the damaged wiring.
Pull each connector [A] apart and inspect it for corrosion,
dirt, and damage.
If the connector is corroded or dirty, clean it carefully. If it
is damaged, replace it.
Check the wiring for continuity.
○Use the wiring diagram to find the ends of the lead which
is suspected of being a problem.
○Connect the hand tester between the ends of the leads.
•
•
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
○Set the tester to the × 1 Ω range, and read the tester.
If the tester does not read 0 Ω, the lead is defective. Replace the lead or the wiring harness [B], [C], [D], [E] if
necessary.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-23
Battery
Battery Removal
CAUTION
Do not disconnect the battery cables or any other
electrical connections when the ignition switch is
ON, as this could damage the ECU (Electronic Control Unit).
Never reverse the connections of the battery, this
could damage the ECU.
• Remove:
Seats (see Frame Chapter)
Disconnect
negative (–) cable [A].
• Slide out thethe
positive
(+) terminal cap [B] and then discon• nect the positive (+) cable.
CAUTION
Be sure to disconnect the negative (–) cable first.
• Remove the battery.
Battery Installation
a light coat of grease on the terminals to prevent
• Apply
corrosion.
the positive (+) cable [A] first.
• Install
the (+) terminal with the cap [B].
• Cover
Install
the
negative (–) cable [C].
•
Electrolyte Filling
sure that the model name [A] of the electrolyte con• Make
tainer matches the model name [B] of the battery. These
names must be the same.
Battery Model Name for ZR1000–A1 ∼ : YTX9–BS
CAUTION
Be sure to use the electrolyte container with the
same model name as the battery since the electrolyte volume and specific gravity vary with the
battery type. This is to prevent overfilling of the
electrolyte, shorting the battery life, and deterioration of the battery performance.
16-24 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery
CAUTION
Do not remove the aluminum seal sheet [A] sealing
the filler ports [B] until just before use.
to see that there is no peeling, tears or holes in the
• Check
seal sheet on the top of the battery.
the battery on a level surface.
• Place
Remove
the seal sheet.
•
NOTE
○A battery whose sealing sheet has any peeling, tears,
holes, or from which the air–sucking sound was not
heard requires a refreshing charge (initial charge).
the electrolyte container out of the vinyl bag.
• Take
Detach
the seal caps [A] from the container.
•
NOTE
○Do not discard the seal caps because it is used as the
battery plugs later.
○Do not peel back or pierce the seals [B] on the container.
the electrolyte container upside down aligning the
• Place
six seals with the six battery filler ports.
the container down strongly enough to break the
• Push
seals. Now the electrolyte should start to flow into the
battery.
NOTE
○Do not tilt the container as the electrolyte flow may be
interrupted.
sure air bubbles [A] are coming up from all six filler
• Make
ports.
○Leave the container this way for 5 minutes or longer.
NOTE
○If no air bubbles are coming up from a filler port, tap
[B] the bottom of the bottle two or three times. Never
remove the container from the battery.
CAUTION
Fill the electrolyte into the battery until the container is completely emptied.
certain that all the electrolyte has flowed out.
• Be
the bottom the same way as above if there is any
• Tap
electrolyte left in the container.
pull the container gently out of the battery.
• Now
Let
the
battery sit for 20 minutes. During this time, the
• electrolyte
permeates the special separators and the gas
generated by chemical reaction is released.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-25
Battery
the seal caps [A] tightly into the filler ports until the seal
• Fit
caps are at the same level as the top of the battery.
NOTE
○Do not hammer. Press down evenly with both hands.
CAUTION
Once you installed the seal caps after filling the battery, never remove it, nor add any water or electrolyte.
Initial Charge
While the sealed battery can be used after only filling with
electrolyte, the battery may not be able to sufficiently move
a starter motor to start an engine in the cases shown in the
table below, where an initial charge is required before use.
However, if a battery shows the terminal voltage of 12.6 V
or more, using a digital voltmeter, after 10 minutes of filling,
no initial charge is necessary.
NOTE
○To measure battery terminal voltage, use a digital voltmeter which can be read one decimal place voltage.
Condition requiring initial charge
At low temperatures (lower than 0°C)
Battery has been stored in high temperature and humidity.
Seal has been removed, or broken – peeling, tear or hole.
(If you did not hear the air–sucking sound "Shoosh!" as you removed
the seal.)
Battery as old as 2 years or more after manufacture.
Battery manufacturing date is printed on battery top.
Example)
12
10
01
T1
Day
Month
Year
Mfg. location
Charging method
0.9 A × 2 ∼ 3 hours
0.9 A × 15 ∼ 20 hours
16-26 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery
Precautions
1) No need of topping–up
No topping–up is necessary in this battery until it ends
its life under normal use. Forcibly prying off the sealing
plug to add water is very dangerous. Never do that.
2) Refreshing charge
If an engine will not start, a horn sounds weak, or
lamps are dim, it indicates the battery has been discharged. Give refresh charge for 5 to 10 hours with
charge current shown in the specification (see the this
chapter).
When a fast charge is inevitably required, do it following precisely the maximum charge current and time
conditions indicated on the battery.
CAUTION
This battery is designed to sustain no unusual
deterioration if refresh–charged according to the
method specified above. However, the battery’s
performance may be reduced noticeably if charged
under conditions other than given above.
Never remove the seal caps during refresh charge.
If by chance an excessive amount of gas is generated due to overcharging, the relief valve releases
the gas to keep the battery normal.
3) When you do not use the motorcycle for months:
Give a refresh charge before you store the motorcycle
and store it with the negative cable removed. Give a
refresh charge once a month during storage.
4) Battery life:
If the battery will not start the engine even after several refresh charges, the battery has exceeded its useful life. Replace it. (Provided, however, the vehicle’s
starting system has no problem.)
WARNING
Keep the battery away from sparks and open flames
during charging, since the battery gives off an explosive gas mixture of hydrogen and oxygen. When
using a battery charger, connect the battery to the
charger before turning on the charger. This procedure prevents sparks at the battery terminals which
could ignite any battery gases.
No fire should be drawn near the battery, or no terminals should have the tightening loosened.
The electrolyte contains sulfuric acid. Be careful
not to have it touch your skin or eyes. If touched,
wash it off with liberal amount of water. Get medical
attention if severe.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-27
Battery
Interchange
The sealed battery can fully display its performance
only when combined with a proper vehicle electric system.
Therefore, replace the sealed battery only on a motorcycle
which was originally equipped with the sealed battery.
Be careful, if a sealed battery is installed on a motorcycle
which had an ordinary battery as original equipment, the
sealed battery’s life will be shortened.
Charging Condition Inspection
Battery charging condition can be checked by measuring
battery terminal voltage.
Remove the seats (see Frame chapter).
Disconnect the battery (–) cables.
•
•
CAUTION
Be sure to disconnect the negative (–) cable first.
• Measure the battery terminal voltage.
NOTE
○Measure with a digital voltmeter [A] which can be read
to one decimal place voltage.
If the reading is below the specified, refreshing charge is
required.
Battery Terminal Voltage
12.6 V or more
Standard:
Refreshing Charge
the battery [A] (see Battery Removal).
• Remove
Refresh–charge
by following method according to the bat• tery terminal voltage.
WARNING
This battery is sealed type. Never remove seal cap
[B] even at charging. Never add water. Charge with
current and time as stated below.
16-28 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery
Terminal Voltage: 11.5 ∼ less than 12.6 V
Standard Charge
0.9 A × 5 ∼ 10 h
Quick Charge
4.0 A × 1.0 h
Battery Terminal Voltage (V) [A]
Charge Time (h) [B]
CAUTION
If possible, do not quick charge. If the quick charge
is done due to unavoidable circumstances, do standard charge later on.
Terminal Voltage : less than 11.5 V
Charging Method : 0.9 A × 20 h
NOTE
○Increase the charging voltage to a maximum voltage of
25 V if the battery will not accept current initially. Charge
for no more than 5 minutes at the increased voltage then
check if the battery is drawing current. If the battery
will accept current decrease the voltage and charge by
the standard charging method described on the battery
case. If the battery will not accept current after 5 minutes, replace the battery.
Battery [A]
Battery Charger [B]
Standard Value [C]
Current starts to flow [D]
battery condition after refreshing charge.
•○Determine
Determine the condition of the battery 30 minutes after
completion of the charge by measuring the terminal voltage according to the table below.
Criteria
Judgement
12.6 V or higher
Good
12.0 ∼ 12.6 V or lower
Charge insufficient → Recharge.
12.0 V or lower
Unserviceable → Replace
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-29
Charging System
Alternator Cover Removal
• Remove:
Frame Cover Bolts [A]
Left Frame Cover [B]
Clamp (open) [A]
Alternator Lead Connector [B]
For
○ California model, remove the separator.
a suitable container under the alternator cover [A],
• Place
and remove the cover bolts [B].
• Pull the alternator cover outside.
Alternator Cover Installation
silicone sealant to the alternator lead grommet and
• Apply
crankcase halves mating surface [A] on the front and rear
sides of the cover mount.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 56019– 120
that knock pins [B] are in place on the crankcase.
• Check
Install
a
• Tighten: new gasket and the alternator cover.
•
Torque - Alternator Cover Bolts: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
Stator Coil Removal
• Remove:
Alternator Cover (see Alternator Cover Removal)
•
Holding Plate Bolt [A] and Plate
Alternator Lead Grommet [B]
Stator Coil Bolts [C]
Remove the stator coil [D] from the alternator cover.
16-30 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Charging System
Stator Coil Installation
a non-permanent locking agent to the stator coil
• Apply
bolts and tighten it.
Torque - Stator Coil Bolts: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
the alternator
• Secure
tighten the bolt.
lead with a holding plate, and
○Apply a non-permanent locking agent to the plate bolt.
Torque - Alternator Lead Holding Plate Bolt: 11 N·m (1.1
kgf·m, 95 in·lb)
silicone sealant to the circumference of the alter• Apply
nator lead grommet, and fit the grommet into the notch of
the cover securely.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 56019–120
the alternator cover (see Alternator Cover Installa• Install
tion).
Alternator Rotor Removal
• Remove:
Alternator Cover (see Alternator Cover Removal)
oil off the outer circumference of the rotor.
Wipe
• Hold the
alternator rotor steady with the rotor holder [A],
• and remove
the rotor bolt [B].
Special Tool - Rotor Holder: 57001–1543
the flywheel puller [A] and rotor puller [B], remove
• Using
the alternator rotor from the crankshaft.
Special Tools - Flywheel Puller, M38 × 1.5: 57001–1405
Rotor Puller, M16/M18/M20/M22 × 1.5:
57001–1216
NOTE
○Screw in the puller while tapping the head [C] of the
puller with a hammer.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to strike the alternator rotor itself.
Striking the rotor can cause the magnets to lose
their magnetism.
Alternator Rotor Installation
a cleaning fluid, clean off any oil or dirt on the fol• Using
lowing portions and dry them with a clean cloth.
•
[A] Crankshaft Tapered Portion
[B] Alternator Rotor Tapered Portion
Apply a thin coat of molybdenum disulfide grease to the
crankshaft [C] and the face [D] of the starter clutch gear.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-31
Charging System
the starter gear [A].
• Install
Again,
• there. clean the crankshaft tapered portion [B] and dry
the woodruff key [C] securely in the slot in the crank• Fit
shaft before installing the alternator rotor.
the alternator rotor [A] while turning [B] the starter
• Install
clutch gear [C].
the washer [A] so that the chamfer side [B] faces
• Install
outward.
NOTE
○Confirm the alternator rotor fit or not to the crankshaft
before tightening it with specified torque.
○Install the rotor and tighten it with 70 N·m (7 kgf·m, 52
ft·lb) of torque.
○Remove the washer and rotor bolt.
○Check the tightening torque with rotor puller.
If the rotor is not pulled out with 20 N·m (2 kgf·m, 15 ft·lb)
of drawing torque, it is installed correctly.
If the rotor is pulled out with under 20 N·m (2 kgf·m, 15
ft·lb) of drawing torque, clean off any oil dirt or flaw of the
crankshaft and rotor tapered portion, and dry them with
a clean cloth. Then, confirm that it is not pulled out with
above torque.
the alternator rotor bolt while holding the alterna• Tighten
tor rotor steady with the rotor holder.
Special Tool - Rotor Holder: 57001–1543
Torque - Alternator Rotor Bolt: 110 N·m (11.0 kgf·m, 80 ft·lb)
16-32 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Charging System
a thin coat of molybdenum disulfide grease to the
• Apply
shaft [A], and install it and starter idle gear [B].
the alternator cover (see Alternator Cover Installa• Install
tion).
Alternator Inspection
There are three types of alternator failures: short, open
(wire burned out), or loss in rotor magnetism. A short or
open in one of the coil wires will result in either a low output,
or no output at all. A loss in rotor magnetism, which may be
caused by dropping or hitting the alternator, by leaving it
near an electromagnetic field, or just by aging, will result in
low output.
To check the alternator output voltage, do the following
procedures.
○Turn off the ignition switch.
○Remove the frame cover (see Alternator Cover Removal).
•
○Disconnect the alternator lead connector [A].
○Connect the hand tester as shown in the table 1.
○Start the engine.
○Run it at the rpm given in the table 1.
○Note the voltage readings (total 3 measurements).
Table 1 Alternator Output Voltage
Tester
Connections
Reading
Range
Tester (+) to
Tester (–) to
@ 4,000 rpm
250 V
One Black
Another
42 V or
AC
lead
Black lead
more
If the output voltage shows the value in the table, the alternator operates properly.
If the output voltage shows a much higher than the value
in the table, the regulator/rectifier is damaged. A much
lower reading than that given in the table indicates that
the alternator is defective.
Check the stator coil resistance as follows.
○Stop the engine.
○Connect the hand tester as shown in the table 2.
○Note the readings (total 3 measurement).
•
Table 2 Stator Coil Resistance
Tester
Range
× 1 Ω
Connections
Tester (+) to
Tester (–) to
One Black
Another
lead
Black lead
Reading
0.3 ∼ 0.4 Ω
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-33
Charging System
•
If there is more resistance than shown in the table, or no
hand tester reading (infinity) for any two leads, the stator
has an open lead and must be replaced. Much less than
this resistance means the stator is shorted, and must be
replaced.
Using the highest resistance range of the hand tester,
measure the resistance between each of the black leads
and chassis ground.
Any hand tester reading less than infinity (∞) indicates a
short, necessitating stator replacement.
If the stator coils have normal resistance, but the voltage
check showed the alternator to be defective; then the rotor
magnets have probably weakened, and the rotor must be
replaced.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Regulator/Rectifier Inspection
• Remove:
Bolts [A]
Regulator/rectifier [B]
Connector [C] (disconnect)
Rectifier Circuit Check:
Check conductivity of the following pair of terminals.
•
Rectifier Circuit Inspection
Tester connection
W-BK1,
BK/Y-BK1,
W–BK2,
BK/Y-BK2,
W–BK3
BK/Y-BK3
The resistance should be low in one direction and more
than ten times as much in the other direction. If any two
leads are low or high in both directions, the rectifier is
defective and must be replaced.
NOTE
○The actual meter reading varies with the meter used
and the individual rectifier, but, generally speaking the
lower reading should be from zero to one half the scale.
Regulator Circuit Check:
To test the regulator out of circuit, use three 12 V batteries
and a test light (12 V 3 ∼ 6 W bulb in a socket with leads).
CAUTION
The test light works as an indicator and also a current limiter to protect the regulator/rectifier from excessive current. Do not use an ammeter instead of
a test light.
to be sure the rectifier circuit is normal before con• Check
tinuing.
16-34 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Charging System
the 1st step regulator circuit test:
•○Do
Connect the test light and the 12 V battery to the regulator/rectifier as shown.
○Check BK1, BK2, and BK3 terminal respectively.
If the test light turns on, the regulator/rectifier is defective.
Replace it.
If the test light does not turn on, continue the test.
the 2nd step regulator circuit test:
•○Do
Connect the test light and the 12 V battery in the same
manner as specified in the "Regulator Circuit Test–1st
Step".
○Apply 12 V to the voltage BR terminal.
○Check BK1, BK2, and BK3 terminal respectively.
If the test light turns on, the regulator/rectifier is defective.
Replace it.
If the test light does not turn on, continue the test.
the 3rd step regulator circuit test:
•○Do
Connect the test light and the 12 V battery in the same
manner as specified in the "Regulator Circuit Test–1st
Step".
○Momentarily apply 24 V to the voltage BR terminal by
adding a 12 V battery.
○Check BK1, BK2, and BK3 terminals respectively.
CAUTION
Do not apply more than 24 volts. If more than 24
volts is applied, the regulator/rectifier may be damaged. Do not apply 24 V more than a few seconds.
If 24 volts is applied for more than a few seconds,
the regulator/rectifier may be damaged.
If the test light did not light when the 24 V was applied
momentarily to the voltage monitoring terminal, the regulator/rectifier is defective. Replace it.
If the regulator/rectifier passes all of the tests described,
it may still be defective. If the charging system still does
not work properly after checking all of the components
and the battery, test the regulator/rectifier by replacing it
with a known good unit.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-35
Charging System
Charging Voltage Inspection
the battery condition (see Battery section).
• Check
up the engine to obtain actual alternator operating
• Warm
conditions.
the seats (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Check
that
the ignition switch is turned off, and connect
• the hand tester
[A] to the battery terminals [B].
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394 [A]
the engine, and note the voltage readings at various
• Start
engine speeds with the headlight turned on and then
turned off. (To turn off the headlight, disconnect the
headlight connector on the headlight unit.) The readings
should show nearly battery voltage when the engine
speed is low, and, as the engine speed rises, the readings should also rise. But they must be kept under the
specified voltage.
Charging Voltage
Tester
Connections
Range
Tester (+) to
Tester (–) to
25 V DC
Battery (+)
Battery (–)
Reading
14.2 ∼ 15.2 V
off the ignition switch to stop the engine, and discon• Turn
nect the hand tester.
If the charging voltage is kept between the values given in
the table, the charging system is considered to be working
normally.
If the charging voltage is much higher than the values
specified in the table, the regulator/rectifier is defective
or the regulator/rectifier leads are loose or open.
If the charging voltage does not rise as the engine speed
increases, then the regulator/rectifier is defective or the
alternator output is insufficient for the loads. Check the
alternator and regulator/rectifier to determine which part
is defective.
16-36 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Charging System
Charging System Circuit
1. Ignition Switch
2. To Starter Circuit Relay
3. Alternator
4. Regulator/Rectifier
5. Joint Connector C
6. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
7. Main Fuse 30A
8. Load
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-37
Ignition System
WARNING
The ignition system produces extremely high voltage. Do not touch the spark plugs or stick coils
while the engine is running, or you could receive
a severe electrical shock.
CAUTION
Do not disconnect the battery cables or any other
electrical connections when the ignition switch is
on, or while the engine is running. This is to prevent
ECU (Electrical Control Unit) damage.
Do not install the battery backwards. The negative
side is grounded. This is to prevent damage to the
diodes and ECU.
Crankshaft Sensor Removal
• Remove:
Frame Cover (see Frame chapter)
Crankshaft Sensor Lead Connector [A]
• Remove:
Rubber Boot (slide out) [A]
Oil Pressure Switch Lead Terminal [B]
Crankshaft Sensor Cover Bolts [C] with Clamps
Crankshaft Sensor Cover [D]
the crankshaft sensor [A] by taking off the crank• Remove
shaft sensor bolts [B].
16-38 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
Crankshaft Sensor Installation
the crankshaft sensor lead correctly (see Cable,
• Route
Wire, and Hose Routing in Appendix chapter).
• Tighten:
Torque - Crankshaft Sensor Bolts: 5.9 N·m (0.6 kgf·m, 53
in·lb)
silicone sealant [A] to the crankshaft sensor lead
• Apply
grommet and crankcase halves mating surface on the
front and rear sides of the crankshaft sensor cover mount.
Sealant - Kawasaki Bond (Silicone Sealant): 56019–120
the clamps [A] direction as shown.
• Install
Tighten:
•
Torque - Crankshaft Sensor Cover Bolts: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m,
95 in·lb)
the sensor lead [A] with the clamp [B].
• Hold
Upper Crankcase [C]
oil pressure switch lead terminal [A] securely.
•○Install
Install the lead terminal direction upward.
Torque - Oil Pressure Switch Terminal Bolt: 1.5 N·m (0.15
kgf·m, 13 in·lb)
• Install the other removed parts.
Crankshaft Sensor Inspection
• Remove:
Frame Cover (see Frame chapter)
•
Crankshaft Sensor Lead Connector [A]
Set the hand tester to the × 100 Ω range and connect (+)
lead to the yellow/black lead and (–) lead to the black lead
in the connector.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001– 1394
If there is more resistance than the specified value, the
coil has an open lead and must be replaced. Much less
than this resistance means the coil is shorted, and must
be replaced.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-39
Ignition System
Crankshaft Sensor Resistance: 375 ∼ 565 Ω
the highest resistance range of the tester, measure
• Using
the resistance between the crankshaft sensor leads and
chassis ground.
Any tester reading less than infinity (∞) indicates a short,
necessitating replacement of the crankshaft sensor assembly.
Crankshaft Sensor Peak Voltage Inspection
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
○Using the peak voltage adapter is a more reliable way
to determine the condition of the crankshaft sensor than
crankshaft sensor internal resistance measurements.
• Remove:
Frame Cover (see Frame chapter)
•
•
Crankshaft Sensor Lead Connector (see Crankshaft
Sensor Removal)
Set the hand tester [B] to the × 10 V DC range, and connect it a commercially available peak voltage adapter [A]
as shown in the diagram.
Connect the black lead of the adapter to black lead and
red lead to yellow lead in the crankshaft sensor connector
[C].
Turn the ignition switch and engine stop switch on.
•
the starter button, turn the engine 4 ∼ 5 sec• Pushing
onds with the transmission gear in neutral to measure the
•
crankshaft sensor peak voltage.
Repeat the measurement 5 or more times.
Crankshaft Sensor Peak Voltage
1.9 V or more
Standard:
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Recommended Tool- Peak Voltage Adapter
Type: KEK-54-9-B
Brand: KOWA SEIKI
If the tester reading is not specified one, check the crankshaft sensor.
Timing Rotor Removal
the crankshaft sensor cover (see Crankshaft
• Remove
Sensor Removal)
the timing rotor [A].
•○Remove
Holding the timing rotor with the flywheel and pulley holder
[B] and unscrew the bolt [C].
Special Tool - Flywheel and Pulley Holder : 57001–1343
Timing Rotor Installation
the rotor to the crankshaft.
• Fit
• Tighten the rotor bolt.
Torque - Timing Rotor Bolt : 39 N·m (4.0 kgf·m, 29 ft·lb)
the crankshaft sensor cover (see Crankshaft Sen• Install
sor Installation).
16-40 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
Camshaft Position Sensor Removal
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Camshaft Position Sensor Lead Connector [A] (disconnect)
○Push the tongue [B] upside and take out the connector
from the bracket.
• Remove:
Camshaft Position Sensor Bolt [A]
Camshaft Position Sensor [B]
Camshaft Position Sensor Installation
grease or engine oil to the O-ring on the camshaft
• Apply
position sensor.
a non-parmanent locking agent to the sensor bolt.
• Apply
Tighten:
•
Torque - Camshaft Position Sensor Bolt: 12 N·m (1.2 kgf·m,
104 in·lb)
Camshaft Position Sensor Inspection
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
•
Camshaft Position Sensor Lead Connector [A] (disconnect)
Set the hand tester to the × 10 Ω range and connect it to
the yellow and black leads in the connector.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If there is more resistance than the specified value, the
sensor coil has an open lead and must be replaced. Much
less than this resistance means the sensor coil is shorted,
and must be replaced.
•
Camshaft Position Sensor Resistance: 400 ∼ 460 Ω
Using the highest resistance range of the tester, measure the resistance between the Camshaft Position Sensor leads and chassis ground.
Any tester reading less than infinity (∞) indicates a short,
necessitating replacement of the Camshaft Position Sensor.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-41
Ignition System
Camshaft Position Sensor Peak Voltage Inspection
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
•
•
Camshaft Position Sensor Lead Connector [A] (disconnect)
Set the hand tester [B] to the 10 V DC range.
Connect the peak voltage adapter [C] to the hand tester
and Camshaft Position Sensor leads in the connector.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Recommended Tool-
Connections:
Camshaft Position
Sensor Lead
Black
Yellow
Peak Voltage Adapter
Type: KEK-54-9-B
Brand: KOWA SEIKI
Adapter
←
←
Red
Black
Hand Tester
→
→
(+)
(–)
the ignition switch and engine stop switch on.
• Turn
Pushing
starter button, turn the engine 4 ∼ 5 sec• onds withthe
the transmission gear in neutral to measure the
•
Camshaft Position Sensor peak voltage.
Repeat the measurement 5 or more times.
Camshaft Position Sensor Peak Voltage
Standard: 0.2 V or more
If the peak voltage is lower than the standard, inspect the
Camshaft Position Sensor.
Stick Coil (Ignition Coil together with Spark Plug Cap)
Removal
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
Unscrew
bracket bolt [A].
•○If removingthethethermostat
stick coil #2 or #3.
the stick coil connectors [A].
• Disconnect
the stick coil #1 [B] off the spark plug.
• Pull
Take
out the camshaft position sensor connector [C] from
• the bracket
(see Camshaft Position Sensor Removal).
Pull
the
stick
coil #2 [D] off the spark plug.
•
CAUTION
Do not pry the connector part of the coil while removing the coil.
16-42 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
the stick coil harness [A] from the bracket.
• Remove
Remove:
• Stick Coil Connector #4 [B] (disconnect)
Stick Coil #4 [C]
Stick Coil Connector #3 [D] (disconnect)
• Disconnect:
Water Temperature Sensor Connector [A]
•
Left Switch Housing Connector [B]
Pull the main harness [C] upward and remove the stick
coil #3 [D].
Stick Coil (Ignition Coil together with Spark Plug Cap)
Installation
the coil using the following steps.
•○Install
Insert the coil as shown being careful of the coil head [A]
direction.
○Be sure the stick coils are installed by pulling up [B] it
lightly.
○Connect and/or install the connectors.
CAUTION
Do not tap the coil head while installing the coil.
• Install the thermostat bracket bolt.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-43
Ignition System
Stick Coil (Ignition Coil together with Spark Plug Cap)
Inspection
the stick coils (see this chapter).
• Remove
Measure
the primary winding resistance [A] as follows.
•○Connect the
hand tester between the coil terminals.
○Set the tester to the × 1 Ω range, and read the tester.
the secondary winding resistance [B] as follows.
•○Measure
Connect the tester between the plug terminal and (–) coil
terminal.
○Set the tester to the × 1 kΩ range and read the tester.
Ignition Coil Winding Resistance
Primary Windings:
1.04 ∼ 1.56 Ω
Secondary Windings:
10.8 ∼ 16.2 kΩ
If the tester does not read as specified, replace the coil.
Stick Coil Primary Peak Voltage
NOTE
○Be sure the battery is fully charged.
the stick coils (see this chapter), but do not re• Remove
move the spark plugs.
the primary peak voltage as follows.
•○Measure
Connect a commercially peak voltage adapter [B] into the
hand tester [C] which is set to the × 250 V DC range.
the adapter to the lead wire-peak voltage
adapter [A] which is connected between the stick coil
connector and stick coil.
○Install the new spark plug [D] into each stick coil [E], and
ground them onto the engine.
[F] ECU
[G] Battery
○Connect
Recommended Tool- Peak Voltage Adapter
Type: KEK-54-9-B
Brand: KOWA SEIKI
Special Tools - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Lead Wire-Peak Voltage Adapter:
57001–1449
Primary Lead Connection
Adapter (R, +) to lead wire-peak voltage adapter (W)
Adapter (BK, –) to lead wire-peak voltage adapter (R)
16-44 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
WARNING
To avoid extremely high voltage shocks, do not
touch the spark plugs or tester connections.
the ignition switch and the engine stop switch ON.
• Turn
Pushing
starter button, turn the engine 4 ∼ 5 seconds
• with the the
transmission in neutral to measure the primary
•
peak voltage.
Repeat the measurements 5 times for one stick coil.
Stick Coil Primary Peak Voltage
88 V or more
Standard:
the test for the other stick coil.
• Repeat
If the reading is less than the specified value, check the
following.
Stick Coils (see Stick Coil Inspection)
Crankshaft Sensor (see Crankshaft Sensor Inspection)
If the stick coils, and crankshaft sensor are normal, check
the ECU (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
Spark Plug Removal
to the Electrical System in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Spark Plug Installation
to the Electrical System in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Spark Plug Cleaning and Inspection
to the Electrical System in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
Spark Plug Gap Inspection
to the Electrical System in the Periodic Mainte• Refer
nance chapter.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-45
Ignition System
Interlock Operation Inspection
• Remove:
Seats (see Frame chapter)
Junction Box (see this chapter)
○Do not disconnect the connectors.
1st Check
Measure the terminal voltage of the G/BK lead in the junction box connector [A] in accordance with the following
procedure.
○Insert the needle adapter [B] in the Green/Black lead terminal.
○Set the tester [C] to the 25 V DC range, connect it to the
needle adapter and frame ground [D].
•
Connection:
Tester (+) Terminal → G/BK Lead Terminal
Tester (–) Terminal → Frame Ground
Condition:
Transmission Gear → 1st Position
Clutch Lever → Release or Pulled In
Side Stand → Down
Special Tool - Needle Adapter Set: 57001–1457
○Turn the ignition switch on.
○Read the voltage.
Interlock Operation Voltage
Standard: 4 V or more
If the voltage is lower than the standard, inspect the side
stand switch, starter lockout switch, and junction box.
And their parts are normality, replace the ECU.
If the voltage is standard, push the starter button to check
as follows.
○If the starter motor does not turn, the ECU is good, and
check the starter system circuit.
○If the starter motor turned, ECU is defective. Replace the
ECU.
2nd Check
Raise the rear wheel off the ground with a stand.
Inspect the engine for its secure stop after the following
operations are completed.
Run the engine to the following conditions.
•
•
Condition:
Transmission Gear → 1st Position
Clutch Lever → Release
Side Stand → Up
the side stand on the ground, then the engine will
• Set
stop.
If whichever may not be stopped, inspect the starter lockout switch, side stand switch and junction box.
If their parts are normality, replace the ECU.
16-46 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
IC Igniter Inspection
○The IC Igniter is built in the ECU [A].
to the Interlock Operation Inspection, Ignition
• Refer
System Troubleshooting Chapter and Fuel System (DFI)
chapter for ECU Inspection.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-47
Ignition System
16-48 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Ignition System
Ignition System Circuit
1. Ignition Switch
2. Engine Stop Switch
3. Starter Button
4. Spark Plugs
5. Stick Coils
6. Side Stand Switch
7. Crankshaft Sensor
8. Camshaft Position Sensor
9. Throttle Sensor
10. Neutral Switch
11. Junction Box
12. Ignition Fuse 10A
13. Starter Lockout Switch
14. Diode
15. ECU Main Relay
16. ECU Fuse 15A
17. Vehicle-down Sensor
18. Main Fuse 30A
19. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
20. ECU
(Electrical Control Unit)
21. Joint Connector A
22. Joint Connector B
23. Joint Connector C
24. Joint Connector D
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-49
Electric Starter System
Starter Motor Removal
CAUTION
Do not tap the starter motor shaft or body. Tapping
the shaft or body could damage the motor.
the mounting bolts [A].
• Remove
• Pull out the starter motor [B].
back the rubber cap [A].
• Slide
Remove
the starter motor terminal nut [B].
•
Starter Motor Installation
CAUTION
Do not tap the starter motor shaft or body. Tapping
the shaft or body could damage the motor.
installing the starter motor, clean the starter mo• When
tor legs [A] and crankcase [B] where the starter motor is
grounded.
the O-ring [A] with a new one.
• Replace
Apply
a
small
• Tighten: amount of engine oil to the O–ring.
•
Torque - Starter Motor Mounting Bolts: 11 N·m (1.1 kgf·m,
95 in·lb)
Starter Motor Disassembly
off the starter motor through bolts [A] and remove
• Take
both end covers [B] and pull the armature out of the yoke
[C].
16-50 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Electric Starter System
○The
brush plate [A] and brushes come off with the
right–hand end cover [B].
the terminal locknut [A] and terminal bolt [B], and
• Remove
then remove the brush with the brush plate [C] from the
right–hand end cover.
Starter Motor Assembly
the brush plate and brushes [A], and then put the
• Install
armature [B] among the brushes.
• Install the O-rings [A] as shown.
the notch [A] in the brush plate with the end cover
• Align
notch [B] and the mark [C] on the yoke.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-51
Electric Starter System
the line [A] marked on the yoke with the through bolt
• Align
hole [B].
Brush Inspection
the length [A] of each brush.
• Measure
If any is worn down to the service limit, replace the carbon
brush holder assembly [B] and the terminal bolt assembly
[C].
Starter Motor Brush Length
Standard:
12 mm (0.47 in.)
Service Limit: 8.5 mm (0.33 in.)
Commutator Cleaning and Inspection
the commutator surface [A] if necessary with fine
• Smooth
emery cloth [B], and clean out the grooves.
the diameter [A] of the commutator [B].
• Measure
If the commutator diameter is less than the service limit,
replace the starter motor with a new one .
Commutator Diameter
Standard:
28 mm (1.10 in.)
Service Limit: 27 mm (1.06 in.)
Armature Inspection
the × 1 Ω hand tester range, measure the resis• Using
tance between any two commutator segments [A].
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
•
If there is a high resistance or no reading (∞) between any
two segments, a winding is open and the starter motor
must be replaced.
Using the highest hand tester range, measure the resistance between the segments and the shaft [B].
If there is any reading at all, the armature has a short and
the starter motor must be replaced.
16-52 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Electric Starter System
NOTE
○Even if the foregoing checks show the armature to be
good, it may be defective in some manner not readily
detectable with the hand tester. If all other starter motor
and starter motor circuit components check good, but
the starter motor still does not turn over or only turns
over weakly, replace the starter motor with a new one.
Brush Lead Inspection
the × 1 Ω hand tester range, measure the resis• Using
tance as shown.
[A] Terminal Bolt and Positive Brush
[B] Brush Plate and Negative Brush
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If there is not close to zero ohms, the brush lead has
an open. Replace the terminal bolt assembly and/or the
brush holder assembly.
Brush Plate and Terminal Bolt Inspection
the highest hand tester range, measure the resis• Using
tance as shown.
[A] Terminal Bolt and Brush Plate
[B] Terminal Bolt and Right–hand End Cover
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If there is any reading, the brush holder assembly and/or
terminal bolt assembly have a short. Replace the brush
holder assembly and the terminal bolt assembly.
Starter Relay Inspection
the battery negative (–) cable from the battery
• Remove
negative (–) terminal (see Battery Removal).
the right side cover.
• Remove
• Pull out the starter relay.
the connector [A]
• Disconnect
Disconnect
the
starter motor cable [B] and battery positive
• (+) cable [C] from
the starter relay [D].
CAUTION
The battery positive (+) cable with the rubber cap is
connected directly to the battery positive (+) terminal even when the ignition switch off, so take care
not to short the removed cable to chassis ground.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-53
Electric Starter System
the hand tester [A] and 12 V battery [B] to the
• Connect
starter relay [C] as shown.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If the relay does not work as specified, the relay is defective. Replace the relay.
Testing Relay
Tester Range:
Criteria:
× 1 Ω range
When battery is connected → 0 Ω
When battery is disconnected → ∞ Ω
Electric Starter Circuit
1. Ignition Switch
2. Joint Connector D
3. Engine Stop Switch
4. Starter Button
5. Junction Box
6. Starter Circuit Relay
7. Ignition Fuse 10A
8. Side Stand Switch
9. Joint Connector A
10. Starter Lockout Switch
11. Neutral Switch
12. Diode (Rectifier)
13. Starter Motor
14. Starter Relay
15. Main Fuse 30A
16. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
17. Joint Connector B
18. Meter Ground
19. Frame Ground
16-54 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Lighting System
This models adopt the daylight system and have a headlight relay in the junction box. In these models, the headlight does not go on when the ignition switch and the engine
stop switch are first turned on. The headlight comes on after
the starter button is released and stays on until the ignition
switch is turned off. The headlight will go out momentarily
whenever the starter button is pressed and come back on
when the button is released.
Headlight Beam Horizontal Adjustment
the horizontal adjuster [A] on the headlight with the
• Turn
screwdriver [B] in or out until the beam points straight
ahead.
Headlight Beam Vertical Adjustment
the vertical adjusters [A] on the headlight with the
• Turn
screwdriver [B] in or out to adjust the headlight vertically.
NOTE
○On high beam, the brightest points should be slightly
below horizontal with the motorcycle on its wheels and
the rider seated. Adjust the headlight(s) to the proper
angle according to local regulations.
○For US model, the proper angle is 0.4 degrees below
horizontal. This is 50 mm (2 in.) drop at 7.6 m (25
ft) measured from the center of the headlights with the
motorcycle on its wheels and the rider seated.
50 mm (2 in.) [A]
Center of Brightest Spot [B]
7.6 m (25 ft) [C]
Height of Headlight Center [D]
Low Beam [E]
High Beam [F]
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-55
Lighting System
Headlight Bulb Replacement
• Remove:
Headlight Connector [A]
Headlight Bulb Dust Cover [B]
• Remove:
Hook [A]
Headlight Bulb [B]
CAUTION
When handling the quartz–halogen bulb, never
touch the glass portion with bare hands. Always
use a clean cloth. Oil contamination from hands or
dirty rags can reduce bulb life or cause the bulb to
explode.
NOTE
○Clean off any contamination that inadvertently gets on
the bulb with alcohol or soap and water solution.
• Replace the headlight bulb.
the projection [A] of the bulb in the hollow [B] of the
• Fit
headlight.
16-56 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Lighting System
the dust cover [A] with the arrow mark upward onto the
• Fit
bulb [B] firmly as shown.
•
Good [C]
Bad [D]
Arrow Mark [E]
After installation, adjust the headlight aim (see this chapter).
Headlight Removal/Installation
• Remove:
Fairing (see Frame chapter)
Disconnect
the headlight connectors [A].
•○For the european
model disconnect the city light connector [B].
• Remove:
Bolts [A]
•
Headlight Assy [B]
Headlight installation is revers of removal.
Torque - Headlight Mounting Bolts : 5.9 N·m (0.6 kgf·m, 5.3
in·lb)
City Light Bulb Replacement (European Model)
the fairing (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
• Pull out the socket [A] together with the bulb.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-57
Lighting System
• Pull the bulb [A] out of the socket [B].
CAUTION
Do not turn the bulb. Pull the bulb out to prevent
damage to the bulb. Do not use bulb rated for
greater wattage then the specified valve.
• Replace the bulb with a new one.
16-58 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Lighting System
Headlight/Tail Light Circuit (US, CA, AS)
Headlight/Tail Light Circuit (Other than US, CA, AS)
US: United States of America
CA: Canada
AS: Australia
1. Ignition Switch
2. Meter Ground
3. Alternator
4. Headlight Diodes
5. Taillight Fuse 10A
6. Headlight Fuse 10A
7. Junction Box
8. High Beam Indicator
Light (LED)
9. Joint Connector D
10. City Light (European
Model)
11. Headlight (High)
12. Headlight (Low)
13. Joint Connector A
14. Dimmer Switch
15. Pussing Button
16. Main Fuse 30A
17. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
18. Taillight (LED)
19. License Plate Light
20. Joint Connector B
21. Running Position Light
22. Frame Ground
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-59
Lighting System
Turn Signal Light Circuit
US: U.S.A. model
CA: Canada model
MY: Malaysia model
1. Joint Connector D
2. Meter Unit
3. Right Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED)
4. Left Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED)
5. Front Right Turn Signal Light
6. Front Left Turn Signal Light
7. Joint Connector A
8. Frame Ground
9. Hazard Button
Turn Signal Light Bulb Replacement
For the European, Malaysian and Australian Models:
Unscrew the screw [A] and remove the lens [B].
•
10. Turn Signal Switch
11. Meter Ground
12. Turn Signal Relay
13. Junction Box
14. Turn Signal Fuse 10A
15. Ignition Switch
16. Rear Right Turn Signal Light
17. Rear Left Turn Signal Light
18. Joint Connector B
19. Main Fuse 30A
20. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
16-60 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Lighting System
and turn the bulb [A] counterclockwise and remove
• Push
it.
the new bulb [A] by aligning its upper and lower pins
• Insert
[B] with the upper and lower grooves [C] in the socket, and
turn the bulb clockwise.
○Turn the bulb about 15° degrees.
For the U.S.A. and Canadian Models:
Unscrew the screw [A].
•
• Unscrew the screws [A].
and turn the bulb [A] counter clockwise and remove
• Push
it.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-61
Lighting System
the new bulb [A] by aligning its upper and lower pins
• Insert
[B] with the upper and lower grooves [C] in the socket, and
turn the bulb clockwise.
CAUTION
The front turn signal/running position lights use
a vibration resistant bulb. Replacement of the
front turn signal/running position bulbs with a
non-vibration resistant bulb may result in premature bulb failure.
Turn Signal Relay Inspection
• Remove:
Seats (see Frame chapter)
Upper Seat Cover (see Frame chapter)
Turn Signal Relay [A]
one 12 V battery and turn signal lights as indi• Connect
cated in the figure, and count how may times the lights
flash for one minute.
Turn Signal Relay [A]
Turn Signal Lights [B]
12 V Battery [C]
If the lights do not flash as specified, replace the turn signal relay.
Testing Turn Signal Relay
Load
Wattage (W)
Flashing times
(c/m*)
1**
21 or 23
140 - 250
2
42 or 46
75 – 95
The Number of Turn
Signal Lights
(*): Cycle(s) per minute
(**): Corrected to “one light burned out”.
Tail/Brake Light (LED) Removal
• Remove:
Seats (see Frame chapter)
•
•
Upper Seat Cover (see Frame chapter)
Disconnect the tail/brake light (LED) connector [A] and
rear turn signal connectors [B].
Open the clamp [C].
16-62 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Lighting System
the bolts [A].
• Unscrew
Loosen
the
bolts [B].
•
the mounting screws [A].
• Unscrew
Remove
the
tail/brake light (LED) [B].
•○Pull out the mount
portion [C].
Tail/Brake Light (LED) Installation
• Tighten the tail/brake light mounting screws.
Torque - Tail/Brake Light Mounting Screws: 1.2 N·m (0.12
kgf·m, 11 in·lb)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-63
Radiator Fan System
Fan System Circuit Inspection
the lead connector [A] from the radiator fan
• Disconnect
switch.
an auxiliary wire [A], connect the radiator fan switch
• Using
leads.
If the fan rotates, inspect the fan switch.
If the fan does not rotate, inspect the following.
Leads and Connectors
Main Fuse and Fan Fuse
Fan Motor
Fan Motor Inspection
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
Disconnect
connector [A] in the fan motor leads.
•○Pull the leadtheuntil2–pin
come out the connector.
two auxiliary wires [A], supply battery [B] power to
• Using
the fan motor.
If the fan does not rotate, the fan motor is defective and
must be replaced.
16-64 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Radiator Fan System
Radiator Fan Circuit
1. Radiator Fan
2. Radiator Fan Switch
3. Joint Connector A
4. Joint Connector D
5. Meter Ground
6. Frame Ground
7. Joint Connector B
8. Junction Box
9. Fan Fuse 10A
10. Main Fuse 30A
11. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-65
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
Meter Unit Removal
• Remove:
Wind Sealed (see Frame chapter)
Slide
• [B]. the dust cover [A] and remove the wiring connector
the meter unit by taking off the mounting screws
• Remove
[C] with the washers.
CAUTION
Place the meter or gauge so that the face is up. If a
meter or gauge is left upside down or sideways for
any length of time, it will malfunction.
Meter, Gauge Disassembly
• Remove:
Meter Unit (see Meter Unit Removal)
Screws [A]
Lower Meter Cover [B]
the meter assembly [A] and upper meter cover
• Separate
[B].
16-66 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
Electronic Combination Meter Unit Inspection
• Remove the meter unit [A].
[1] Ignition
[2] Fuel Reserve Switch
[3] Unused
[4] Fuel Level Sensor
[5] Neutral Indicator Light
(LED) Ground (–)
[6] FI Indicator Light
(LED) Ground (–)
[7] Tachometer Pulse
[8] Water Temperature
Sensor
[9] Ground (–)
[10] Battery (+)
[11] Oil Pressure Warning
Indicator Light (LED)
Ground (–)
[12] Speed Sensor Supply
Voltage
[13] Right Turn Signal Light
(LED) (+)
[14] Left Turn Signal Indicator
Light (LED) (+)
[15] High Beam Indicator Light
(LED)
[16] Speed Sensor Pulse
CAUTION
Do not drop the meter unit. Place the meter unit so
that it faces upward. If the meter unit is left upside
down or sideways for a long time or dropped, it will
malfunction. Do not short each terminals.
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check:
Use the harness adapter for meter inspection.
•
Special Tool - Harness Adapter : 57001–1542
the auxiliary wires, connect the 12 V battery to the
• Using
meter unit connector as follows.
○Connect the battery positive terminal to the terminal [10].
○Connect the battery negative terminal to the terminal [9].
• Connect the terminal [1] to the terminal [10].
○The
tachometer LCD segments momentarily to it last
readings two times and segment movement is reversal.
○When the terminals are connected, all the LCD segments
[A] and LED warning light [B] appear for three seconds.
If the LCD segments and LED warning light will not appear, replace the meter assembly.
Disconnect the terminal [1].
○All the LCD segments and LED warning light disappear.
If the segments do not disappear, replace the meter assembly.
•
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-67
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
MODE AND RESET BUTTON Operation Check:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the "Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check".
Check that the display change to the ODO, TRIP, and
CLOCK displays each time the MODE button [A] is
pressed.
○If the fuel level gauge flashed, display change to ODO,
TRIP, CLOCK and FUEL.
If the display function does not work, replace the meter
assembly.
•
•
the clock mode.
• Indicate
Check
that
the RESET button in CLOCK mode is
• pushed for when
more than two seconds, the meter display
turns to the clock set mode.
○Both the hour and minute display start flashing.
the HOUR/MINUTE setting mode, press the RESET
• Inbutton
again to effect the HOUR setting mode.
○The hour display flashes on the display.
• Press the MODE button to set the hour.
16-68 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
the HOUR setting mode, press the RESET button to
• Ineffect
the MINUTE setting mode.
○The minute display flashes on the display.
• Press the MODE button to set the minute.
the MINUTE setting mode, press the RESET button to
• Inreturn
to the HOUR/MINUTE setting mode.
Press
• process.the MODE button to complete the time setting
○The clock starts counting the seconds as soon as the
MODE button is pressed.
the ODO mode.
• Indicate
Check
that
[A] [B] change to the mile and °F,
• Mile and °C,thekmdisplay
and °F, km and °C display each time by
pushing the RESET bottom while MODE bottom pushed
in.
○Mile/Km
NOTE
Display can alternate between English and
metric modes (mile and km) in the digital meter. Make
sure that km or mile according to local regulations is
correctly displayed before riding.
If the display function does not work and adjust, replace
the meter assembly.
Speedometer Check:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the "Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check".
The speed equivalent to the input frequency is indicated in
the oscillator [A], if the square wave (illustrated as shown)
would be input into the terminal [16].
○Indicates approximately 60 mph in case the input frequency would be approximately 141 Hz.
○Indicates approximately 60 km/h in case the input frequency would be approximately 88 Hz.
•
•
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-69
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
the oscillator is not available, the speedometer can be
• Ifchecked
as follows.
○Install the meter unit.
○Raise the rear wheel off the ground, using the jack.
○Turn on the ignition switch.
○Rotate the rear wheel by hand.
○Check that the speedometer shows the speed.
If the speedometer does not work, check the speed sensor electric source voltage and speed sensor.
The electric source voltage and speed sensor are normal,
replace the meter assembly.
Speed Sensor Electric Source Check:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the "Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check".
Set the hand tester to the DC25 V range and connect it to
the terminals [12] and [9].
If the voltage is less than 8 V, replace the meter assembly.
•
•
Odometer Check:
Check the odometer with the speedometer in the same
way.
If value indicated in the odometer is not added, replace
the meter assembly.
•
NOTE
○The data is maintained even if the battery is disconnected.
○When the figures come to 999999, they are stopped and
locked.
Trip Meter Check:
Check the trip meter with the speedometer in the same
way.
If value indicated in the trip meter is not added, replace
the meter assembly.
Check that when the RESET button is pushed for more
than two seconds, the figure display turns to 0.0.
If the figure display does not indicate 0.0, replace the meter assembly.
•
•
16-70 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
Water Temperature Meter Check:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the "Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check".
Connect the variable rheostat [A] to the terminal [8] as
shown.
Check that the number of segments matches the resistance value of the variable rheostat.
•
•
•
Resistance
Value (Ω)
209.8
69.1
21.2
17
Temperature
Meter
–
50°C (122°F)
80°C (176°F)
120°C (248°F)
HI
Warning
Indicate
[A] –
[B] –
[B] –
[C] Flash
[D] Flash
any display function does not work, replace the meter
• Ifunit.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-71
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
Fuel Level Gauge Inspection:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the “Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check”.
Connect a variable rheostat [A] to terminal [4] and [9] as
shown.
Check that the number of segment [B] matches the resistance value of the variable rheostat.
•
•
•
Resistance (Ω)
0 ∼ 16.5
Number of Segments
F
8
11.5 ∼ 28.5
7
21.5 ∼ 40.5
6
31.5 ∼ 52.5
5
41.5 ∼ 64.5
4
51.5 ∼ 76.5
3
61.5 ∼ 88.5
2
71.5 ∼ above
E
1
If this display function does not work, replace the meter
assembly.
an other variable rheostat [C] to terminal [2] and
• Connect
[9].
the hand tester [D] to the DC 10 V range and connect
• Set
it to terminals of the variable rheostat as shown.
the 1 segment [E] appears, adjust the variable
• When
rheostat [C] so that the terminal voltage is less than 5.7 V.
○Then the 1 and FUEL segments should flush.
If this display function does not flush, replace the meter
assembly.
Tachometer Check:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the "Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check".
The revolutions per minute (rpm) equivalent to the input
frequency is indicated in the oscillator [A] if the square
wave (illustrated as shown) would be input into the terminal [7].
○Indicates approximately 6 000 rpm in case the input frequency would be approximately 200 Hz.
•
•
16-72 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
the oscillator is not available, the tachometer can be
• Ifchecked
as follows.
○Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same man-
ner as specified in the "Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments Check".
○Using an auxiliary wire, quick open and connect the terminal [1] to the terminal [7] repeatedly.
○Then the tachometer segment [A] should flick [B].
If the segment does not flick, replace the meter assembly.
LED Lights Inspection:
Connect the 12 V battery and terminals in the same manner as specified in the “Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Segments check.”
Neutral Indicator Light (LED) [A]
FI Indicator Light (LED) [B]
Oil Pressure Warning Indicator Light (LED) [C]
Right Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED) [D]
Left Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED) [E]
High Beam Indicator Light (LED) [F]
•
the auxiliary leads, connect a 12 V battery to the
• Using
meter unit connector as follows.
Neutral Indicator Light (LED):
Battery Negative (–) Terminal To Terminal [5]
FI Indicator Light (LED):
Battery Negative (–) Terminal To Terminal [6]
Oil Pressure Warning Indicator Light (LED):
Battery Negative (–) Terminal To Terminal [11]
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-73
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
Right and Left Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED):
For Right Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED)
Battery Positive (+) Terminal to Terminal [13]
For Left Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED)
Battery Positive (+) Terminal to Terminal [14]
High Beam Indicator Light:
Battery Positive (+) Terminal to Terminal [15]
each LED lights does not go on, replace the meter as• Ifsembly.
16-74 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Meter, Gauge, Indicator Unit
Meter Circuit
1. Right Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED)
2. High Beam Indicator Light (LED)
3. Neutral Indicator Light (LED)
4. Oil Pressure Warning Indicator Light (LED)
5. FI Indicator Light (LED)
6. Odometer/Trip Meter/Clock/Fuel Indicator
7. Water Temperature Gauge
8. Fuel Level Gauge
9. Tachometer
10. Speedometer
11. Meter Light (LED)
12. Left Turn Signal Indicator Light (LED)
13. Meter Unit
14. Joint Connector D
15. Frame Ground
16. Meter Ground
17. Speed Sensor
18. Fuel Reserve Switch
19. Fuel Level Sensor
20. Water Temperature Sensor
21. Oil Pressure Switch
22. Neutral Switch
23. Joint Connector A
24. Ignition Switch
25. Junction Box
26. ACC Fuse 10A
27. Ignition Fuse 10A
28. Main Fuse 30A
29. Battery 12 V 8 Ah
30. E.C.U.
31. Joint Connector B
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-75
Switches and Sensors
Brake Light Timing Inspection
• Refer to the Brakes in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
Brake Light Timing Adjustment
• Refer to the Brakes in the Periodic Maintenance chapter.
Switch Inspection
a hand tester, check to see that only the con• Using
nections shown in the table have continuity (about zero
ohms).
○For the handlebar switches and the ignition switch, refer
to the tables in the Wiring Diagram.
If the switch has an open or short, repair it or replace it
with a new one.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Rear Brake Light Switch Connections
Side Stand Switch Connections
Neutral Switch Connections
Oil Pressure Switch Connections*
*: Engine lubrication system is in good condition
Radiator Fan Switch Inspection
the radiator cover screws [A] and remove the left
• Unscrew
radiator cover [B]
16-76 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Switches and Sensors
the connector [A].
• Disconnect
Remove
the
fan switch [B].
•
the switch [A] in a container of coolant so that
• Suspend
the temperature–sensing projection and threaded portion
•
are submerged.
Suspend an accurate thermometer [B] in the coolant so
that the sensitive portions are located in almost the same
depth.
NOTE
○The switch and thermometer must not touch the container sides or bottom.
the container over a source of heat and gradu• Place
ally raise the temperature of the coolant while stirring the
•
coolant gently.
Using the hand tester, measure the internal resistance
of the switch across the terminals at the temperatures
shown in the table.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
If the hand tester does not show the specified values, replace the switch.
Fan Switch Resistance
Rising temperature:
From OFF to ON at 93 ∼ 103°C (199 ∼ 217°F)
Falling temperature:
Fan stops with the temperature 3 ∼ 8 °C (38 ∼ 46 °F)
lower than the operation temperature range.
ON: Less than 0.5 Ω
OFF: More than 10 MΩ
Water Temperature Sensor Inspection
the fuel tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter).
• Remove
Disconnect
water temperature sensor connector [A].
• Remove thethe
water
• tem (DFI) chapter).temperature sensor [B] (see Fuel Sys-
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-77
Switches and Sensors
the sensor [A] in a container of coolant so that
• Suspend
the temperature-sensing projection [E] and threaded por-
•
tion [E] are submerged.
Suspend an accurate thermometer [B] in the coolant.
NOTE
○The sensor and thermometer must not touch the container side or bottom.
the container over a source of heat and gradu• Place
ally raise the temperature of the coolant while stirring the
coolant gently.
Using the hand tester, measure the internal resistance of
the sensor.
○The sensor sends electric signals to the ECU (Electronic
Control Unit) and coolant temperature gauge in the meter
unit.
○Measure the resistance across the terminals and the body
(for the gauge) at the temperatures shown in the table.
If the hand tester does not show the specified values, replace the sensor.
•
Water Temperature Sensor
Resistance for ECU [C]
Temperature
Resistance (kΩ)
(Terminal [1] - [3])
+ 0.155
20°C (68°F)
2.46
80°C (176°F)
0.32 ± 0.011
110°C (230°F)
0.1426 ± 0.0041
– 0.143
Resistance for Water Temperature Gauge [D]
Temperature
Resistance (Ω)
(Terminal [2] - Body)
50°C (122°F)
210 ± 40
120°C (248°F)
21.2 ± 1.5
Speed Sensor Inspection
• Disconnect:
Speed Sensor Connector [A]
• Remove:
Engine Sprocket Cover [B] (see Final Drive chapter)
16-78 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Switches and Sensors
• Remove:
Bolts [A]
Speed Sensor Cover
• Remove:
Bolt [A]
Take
• out the speed sensor [B].
the speed sensor connector [A] with the battery
• Connect
[B], 10 kΩ resistor [C] and hand tester [D] as shown.
• Set the tester to the DC 25 V range.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
[A] each side of the speed sensor surface with the
• Trace
screw driver.
○Then the tester indicator should flick [B].
If the tester indicator does not flick, replace the speed
sensor.
a non-permanent locking agent to the sensor bolt
• Apply
and sensor cover bolts.
Torque - Speed Sensor Bolt : 6.9 N·m (0.7 kgf·m, 62 in·lb)
Speed Sensor Cover Bolts : 6.9 N·m (0.7 kgf·m, 62
in·lb)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-79
Switches and Sensors
Fuel Level Sensor Inspection
• Remove:
Fuel Tank (see Fuel System (DFI) chapter)
Open
the clamps [A].
• Remove:
• Bolts [B]
Fuel Level Sensor [C]
that the float moves up and down smoothly without
• Check
binding. It should go down under its own weight.
If the float does not move smoothly, replace the sensor.
Float in Full Position [A]
Float in Empty Position [B]
Float Arm Stoppers [C]
105.2 ∼ 112.2 mm (4.142 ∼ 4.417 in.) from the Sensor
Base Line [D]
33.6 ∼ 40.6 mm (1.32 ∼ 1.60 in.) from the Sensor Base
Line [E]
Sensor Base Line [F]
the hand tester [A], measure the resistance across
• Using
the terminals in the fuel level sensor lead connector [B].
Black/Yellow [C]
White/Yellow [D]
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001-1394
If the tester readings are not as specified, or do not
change smoothly according as the float moves up and
down, replace the sensor.
Fuel Level Sensor Resistance
Standard: Full position: 4 ∼ 10 Ω
Empty position [E]: 90 ∼ 100 Ω
a non-permanent locking agent to the threads of
• Apply
the level sensor mounting bolts and tighten it.
Torque - Fuel Level Sensor Bolts: 6.9 N·m (0.7 kgf·m, 61
in·lb)
Fuel Reserve Switch Inspection
the fuel tank with fuel.
• Fill
Close
the fuel tank cap surely.
• Remove:
• Frame Cover (see Frame chapter)
• Disconnect the fuel level sensor connector [A].
16-80 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Switches and Sensors
the test light [A] (12 V 3.4 W bulb a socket with
• Connect
leads) and the 12 V battery [B] to the fuel level sensor
connector [C].
Connections:
Battery (+) → 12 V 3.4 W Bulb (one side)
12 V 3.4 W Bulb (other side) → Blue Lead Terminal
Battery (–) → BK/Y Lead Terminal
If the test light turn on, the reverse switch is defective.
Replace the fuel level sensor.
• Remove:
Fuel Level Sensor (see Fuel Level Sensor Inspection)
Connect
(12 V 3.4 W bulb in a socket with
• leads) andthethetest12 light
V battery to the fuel pump connector as
shown.
12 V Battery [A]
Test Light [B]
Fuel Pump Connector [C]
Fuel Reserve Switch [D]
If the test light doesn’t light, replace the fuel level sensor.
NOTE
○It may take a long time to turn on the test light in case
that the fuel reserve switch is inspected just after the
fuel level sensor is removed. Leave the fuel reserve
switch with leads for inspection connected for ten (10)
minute.
Diode (Rectifier) Inspection
the fairing (see Frame chapter)
• Remove
the vinyl tape.
• Cut
Disconnect
the diode [A].
•
• Set the hand tester to the × 100 Ω range.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
the continuity between the diode terminals in both
• Check
directions.
If there is continuity in one direction (forward direction) but
no continuity (infinity) in the reverse direction, the diode
is normal.
The diode is defective if there is continuity after changing
the direction, or it if remains with no continuity.
○The
NOTE
actual resistance measurement in the forward
direction varies with the tester used and the individual
diodes. Generally speaking, it is acceptable if the
tester’s indicator swings approximately halfway.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-81
Junction Box
The junction box [A] has fuses [B], relays, and diodes.
The relays and diodes can not be removed.
Junction Box Fuse Circuit Inspection
the seats (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Remove
the junction box [A].
•
off the connectors [A] from the junction box [B].
• Pull
Make
all connector terminals are clean and tight, and
• none ofsurethem
have been bent.
Clean the dirty terminals, and straighten slightly–bent terminals.
Check conductivity of the numbered terminals with the
hand tester.
○Refer to the Junction Box Internal Circuit.
If the tester does not read as specified, replace the junction box.
•
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Fuse Circuit Inspection
Tester
Connection
1 - 1A
1 - 2
3A - 4
6 - 5
6 - 10
6 - 7
6 - 17
Tester
Reading (Ω)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Tester
Connection
1A - 8
2 - 8
3A - 8
6 - 2
6 - 3A
17 - 3A
Tester
Reading (Ω)
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
16-82 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Junction Box
Starter Circuit/Headlight Relay Inspection
the junction box (see Junction Box Fuse Circuit
• Remove
Inspection).
conductivity of the following numbered terminals
• Check
by connecting the hand tester and one 12 V battery to the
junction box as shown.
○Refer to the Junction Box Internal Circuit.
If the tester does not read as specified, replace the junction box.
Special Tool - Hand Tester: 57001–1394
Relay Circuit Inspection (with the battery disconnected)
Headlight
Relay
Starter
Circuit
Relay
Tester
Connection
7 - 8
7 - 13
(+) (–)
13 - 9
9 - 11
12 -13
(+) (–)
13 - 11
(+) (–)
12 - 11
Tester
Reading (Ω)
∞
∞
Not ∞ *
∞
∞
∞
Not ∞ *
(*): The actual reading varies with the hand tester used.
(+): Apply tester positive lead.
(–): Apply tester negative lead.
Relay Circuit Inspection (with the battery connected)
Headlight
Relay
Battery
Tester
Tester
Connection (+) (–)
Connection
Reading (Ω)
9 – 13
7 – 8
0
11 – 12
(+) (–)
13 – 11
Not ∞ *
Starter
Circuit
Relay
(*): The actual reading varies with the hand tester used.
(+): Apply tester positive lead.
(–): Apply tester negative lead.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM 16-83
Junction Box
Diode Circuit Inspection
the junction box.
• Remove
• Check conductivity of the following pairs of terminals.
Diode Circuit Inspection
Tester
Connection
13–8, 13–9, 12–11, 12–14, 15–14, 16–14
The resistance should be low in one direction and more
than ten times as much in the other direction. If any diode
shows low or high in both directions, the diode is defective
and the junction box must be replaced.
NOTE
○The actual meter reading varies with the meter used
and the individual diodes, but, generally speaking, the
lower reading should be from zero to one half the scale.
Junction Box Internal Circuit
A. Accessory Fuse 10A
B. Fan Fuse 10A
C. Turn Signal Relay Fuse
10A
D. Horn Fuse 10A
E. Ignition Fuse 10A
F. Headlight Fuse 10A
G. Headlight Relay
H. Headlight Diodes
I. Starter Diode
J. Starter Circuit Relay
K. Interlock Diodes
L. Taillight Fuse 10A
16-84 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Fuse
30A Main Fuse Removal
• Remove:
Right Side Cover (see Frame chapter)
•
30A Main Fuse Connector [A]
Pull out the main fuse [B] from the starter relay with needle
nose pliers.
Junction Box Fuse Removal
the seats (see Frame chapter).
• Remove
Unlock
the
to lift up the lid [A].
• Pull the fuseshook
• dle nose pliers.[B] straight out of the junction box with nee-
Fuse Installation
fails during operation, inspect the electrical sys• Iftema fuse
to determine the cause, and then replace it with a
•
new fuse of proper amperage.
Install the junction box fuses on the original position as
specified on the lid.
15A ECU Fuse Removal
• Remove:
Seats (see Frame chapter)
Unlock
hook [A] to pull the lid [B].
• Pull outthe
the ECU Fuse from the fuse box.
•
Fuse Inspection
the fuse (see Fuse Removal).
• Remove
Inspect
the
element.
• If it is blownfuse
out, replace the fuse. Before replacing a
blown fuse, always check the amperage in the affected
circuit. If the amperage is equal to or greater than the
fuse rating, check the wiring and related components for
a short circuit.
Housing [A]
Fuse Element [B]
Terminals [C]
Blown Element [D]
CAUTION
When replacing a fuse, be sure the new fuse
matches the specified fuse rating for that circuit.
Installation of a fuse with a higher rating may cause
damage to wiring and components.
APPENDIX 17-1
Appendix
Table of Contents
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing ..............................................................................................
Troubleshooting Guide ...........................................................................................................
17-2
17-20
17
17-2 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-3
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Fixes by the left side clamp of the tank.
2. Tank drain hose passes the side cover installation under the bracket.
3. Air cleaner drain hose
4. Fuel tank drain hose
5. Cooling reserve tank hose
6. Fixes by the swingarm clamp
7. Fuel level sensor
8. Fixes by the right side clamps two places of the tank.
9. The outside of the frame passed
10. Fuel level sensor lead
17-4 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-5
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Clutch cable
2. Meter ground
3. Clamp (Ignition switch connector)
4. Ignition switch connector
5. Inlet air pressure sensor
6. To ignition coil
7. Fan motor connector (Connect the connector on the inlet air pressure sensor.)
8. Clamp
9. To fuel pump
10. To fuel level gauge and fuel reserve
switch
11. To pickup coil and oil pressure switch
12. Insert the clamp of mainharness into the
flame hole.
13. Mainharness
14. Starter relay
15. To rear brake switch
16. Connect the battery negative cable and
battery.
17. Battery negative cable
18. Self-diagnosis indicator terminal
19. Turn signal relay
20. Fuel pump relay
21. ECU main relay
22. License light connector
23. Tail light connector
24. Rear right turn signal light connector
25. Rear left turn signal light connector
26. Atmospheric pressure sensor
27. Bracket
28. ECU fuse
29. Junction Box
30. ECU
31. Run the lead of ECU under the end surface of battery case.
32. Battery Positive Cable (to starter relay)
33. Regulator/rectifier
34. Vehicle-down sensor
35. Inlet air temperature sensor
36. Side stand switch
37. Neutral Switch
38. Speed sensor
39. Alternator
40. Engine harness
41. Water temperature sensor
42. Run the lead of ignition switch above the
hose connected with the thermostat body,
and the front of inlet air pressure sensor
as well.
43. Frame ground (with thermostat)
44. To cam sensor, fan switch, horn
45. The harness passes on the clutch cable.
46. Battery case
47. Damper
48. Front
49. Run the brake hose between upper
bracket and clamp of bracket.
50. Run the Throttle Cable together with the
Right Grip Switch wire through the of
Cowl Bracket clamp.
Run the wire thought the center of the
frame, which has to be located nearer to
the center than the cable.
51. Right switch housing lead
52. Run the Clutch Cable, the Starter Cable
and the Left Grip Switch wire through the
space made between the Cowl Bracket
clamp and the Upper Bracket.
Run the Main Harness under the right
side of the thermostat body.
53. Left switch housing lead
54. Starter cable
55. Run the starter cable through under the
throttle cable.
56. Run the clutch cable between the water
hose and the mainharness.
57. Throttle cable (decelerator)
58. Throttle cable (accelerator)
59. No slip of cable
60. Band (near of the air cleaner duct holder
screw)
17-6 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-7
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Run the main harness through lower and right side of the thermostat.
2. Frame ground (with thermostat bracket)
3. Ignition switch connector
4. Meter ground (with thermostat)
5. Engine harness (Connect the harness on the cross pipe.)
6. Water temperature sensor
7. Inlet air pressure sensor
8. Clamp
9. To pickup coil and oil pressure switch
10. To fuel level gauge and fuel reserve switch
11. To fuel pump
12. Bracket
13. Insert the fuse holder under the left side bolt that connects the battery case with tool case to
tighten temporarily.
14. Storage compartment
15. Battery case
16. ECU fuse
17. Regulator/rectifier
18. Run the lead through the inside of the pipe.
19. Speed sensor
20. Side stand switch
21. Neutral switch
22. To alternator
23. To ignition coil
24. Horn
25. Horn lead
26. Cam sensor
27. Fan switch
28. Run the harness between the engine bracket and the left side space of the baffle plate.
29. Starter cable
17-8 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-9
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Tail light
2. Clamp
3. Atmospheric pressure sensor
4. To ECU fuse
5. Junction Box
6. To self-diagnosis indicator terminal
7. Pickup coil and oil pressure switch
8. Fuel pump
9. Fuel level gauge and fuel reserve switch
10. To inlet air temperature sensor
11. Fan motor connector
12. Inlet air pressure sensor
13. Water temperature sensor
14. Engine harness
15. Meter ground
16. Ignition switch
17. Frame ground (with thermostat)
18. Right switch housing lead
19. Left switch housing lead
20. Running position lights
21. Headlight
22. Turn signal lights
23. Fun motor
24. Ignition coil
25. Vehicle-dwon sensor
26. To rear brake switch
27. Starter relay
28. Regulator/rectifier
29. Battery positive cable
30. Connect the battery negative cable and battery.
31. Battery
32. ECU
33. Turn signal light relay
34. Fuel pump relay
35. ECU main relay
36. License light
37. Rear right turn signal light
38. Rear left turn signal light
39. Throttle cable (accelerator)
40. Throttle cable (decelerator)
41. Clutch cable
42. Run the clutch cable inside the chain tensioner.
43. Band (ZR1000–A2 ∼ )
17-10 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-11
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Clamp all the wires as shown in the encircled area.
2. Meter
3. Take out the lead of the meter from the right side of the tie lap to connect with the meter.
4. Clutch cable
5. Starter cable
6. To front left turn signal light (Run the harness above the bolt for fairing installation.)
7. Run the ignition switch lead front the clutch cable and starter cable.
8. To left switch housing
9. Run the leads for the clutch starter and the ignition switch in order from the head pipe then run
the cables with their acceleration side facing outward.
10. Headlight high and low
11. Install the lead with its inner side facing inward.
12. Running position light
13. To right switch housing
14. Throttle cable (Run the cable through the front of main harness.)
15. Brake hose (to caliper right side)
16. To front right turn signal light (Run the harness above the bolt for fairing installation.)
17. Seat lock
18. Seat lock cable
17-12 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-13
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Clamp
2. Brake hose
3. Punch mark
4. Run the brake hose through the inside of the frame.
5. Tight the bolt to the specified torque with the stopper (for turning prevention) applied.
17-14 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-15
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Cam sensor lead (Run the lead between the convex area of cap center and bolt head to secure
the coupler.)
2. Radiator fan switch lead (Run the lead through into the water hose.)
3. Cap
4. Catch cable (Run the cable through forward the water hose.)
5. Air suction valve
6. Water hose (Thermostat – Radiator)
7. Water hose (Head – Thermostat)
8. Inlet air pressure sensor
9. Vacuum hose (Run the vacuum hose under the throttle cable to connect with the inlet air pressure sensor.)
10. Throttle cables (accelerator)
11. Throttle cables (decelerator)
12. Vacuum balance tube
13. Choke Cable
14. Hose (air suction valve – air cleaner)
15. Stick coil
16. Fuel pump
17. Fuel hose
18. To inlet air pressure sensor
19. To air suction valve
20. To prevent the throttle cable from unexpected coming down.
21. Cover
22. Throttle body
17-16 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-17
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Bend the bracket as shown to secure the lead.
2. Bend the bracket.
3. Run the lead end till it touches the boss of the crankcase.
4. Install the exterior of the lead with staking area facing downward.
17-18 APPENDIX
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
APPENDIX 17-19
Cable, Wire, and Hose Routing
1. Run the hose (cap – reserve) through upside of the throttle cable.
2. Run the hose (white) through into the throttle cables.
3. Run the throttle body harness throttle upside of the hose (white) and hose (throttle – fitting).
4. Run the harness through upside of the hose.
5. Throttle cables
6. Hose (fitting – throttle body #2 right)
7. Hose (canister – fitting) (green)
8. Hose (throttle body #3 right – under the separator) (white)
9. Hose (canister – upside the separator) (blue)
10. Hose (tank (blue) – upside the separator) (blue)
11. Hose (tank (red) – side the separator) (red)
12. A top view (separator)
13. Harness
14. Hose (cap – reserve)
15. Run the hose (red) through inside the frame.
16. Connector
17. Run the hose (white) through inside the bracket.
18. Choke cable
19. Run the hose (green) through inside the rib.
20. Clamp the hose
21. Run the hose (blue) through outside the flame.
22. Run the hose (cap – reserve) through upside the cross pipe.
23. Run the hose (reserve tank drain hose) through backside the cross pipe.
24. Run the air cleaner drain hose through backside the cross pipe.
25. Cross pipe
26. Separator
27. Band
28. Cramp
29. Vacuum hose
30. Canister
31. To separator
32. To fitting
17-20 APPENDIX
Troubleshooting Guide
NOTE
○Refer to the Fuel System chapter for most
of DFI trouble shooting guide.
○This is not an exhaustive list, giving every
possible cause for each problem listed. It
is meant simply as a rough guide to assist
the troubleshooting for some of the more
common difficulties.
Engine Doesn’t Start, Starting
Difficulty:
Starter motor not rotating:
Starter lockout switch or neutral switch trouble
Starter motor trouble
Battery voltage low
Starter relay not contacting or operating
Starter button not contacting
Wiring open or shorted
Ignition switch trouble
Engine stop switch trouble
Fuse blown
Starter motor rotating but engine doesn’t
turn over:
Starter clutch trouble
Vehicle-down sensor (DFI) coming off
Engine won’t turn over:
Valve seizure
Valve lifter seizure
Cylinder, piston seizure
Crankshaft seizure
Connecting rod small end seizure
Connecting rod big end seizure
Transmission gear or bearing seizure
Camshaft seizure
Starter idle gear seizure
No fuel flow:
No fuel in tank
Fuel pump trouble
Fuel tank air vent obstructed
Fuel filter clogged
Fuel line clogged
Engine flooded:
Clean spark plug and adjust plug gap
Starting technique faulty
(When flooded, do not crank the engine with
the throttle fully opened. This promotes
engine flood because more fuel is supplied
automatically by DFI.)
No spark; spark weak:
Vehicle-down sensor (DFI) coming off
Ignition switch not ON
Engine stop switch turned OFF
Clutch lever not pulled in or gear not in neutral
Battery voltage low
Spark plug dirty, broken, or gap maladjusted
Stick coil shorted or not in good contact
Stick coil trouble
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Camshaft position sensor trouble
Neutral, starter lockout, or side stand switch
trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Ignition switch or engine stop switch
shorted
Wiring shorted or open
Fuse blown
Fuel/air mixture incorrect:
Bypass screw and/or idle adjusting screw
maladjusted
Air passage clogged
Air cleaner clogged, poorly sealed, or missing
Compression Low:
Spark plug loose
Cylinder head not sufficiently tightened
down
No valve clearance
Cylinder, piston worn
Piston ring bad (worn, weak, broken, or
sticking)
Piston ring/groove clearance excessive
Cylinder head gasket damaged
Cylinder head warped
Valve spring broken or weak
Valve not seating properly (valve bent,
worn, or carbon accumulation on the
seating surface)
Poor Running at Low Speed:
Spark weak:
Battery voltage low
Spark plug dirty, broken, or maladjusted
Stick coil wiring trouble
Stick coil not in good contact
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Camshaft position sensor trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Fuel/air mixture incorrect:
Bypass screw maladjusted
Air passage clogged
Air bleed pipe bleed holes clogged
Pilot passage clogged
Air cleaner clogged, poorly sealed, or missing
Fuel tank air vent obstracted
Fuel pump trouble
Throttle body assy holder loose
APPENDIX 17-21
Troubleshooting Guide
Air cleaner duct loose
Compression low:
Spark plug loose
Cylinder head not sufficiently tightened
down
No valve clearance
Cylinder, piston worn
Piston ring bad (worn, weak, broken, or
sticking)
Piston ring/groove clearance excessive
Cylinder head warped
Cylinder head gasket damaged
Valve spring broken or weak
Valve not seating properly (valve bent,
worn, or carbon accumulation on the
seating surface)
Other:
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Throttle body assy not synchronizing
Engine oil viscosity too high
Drive train trouble
Brake dragging
Air suction valve trouble
Vacuum switch valve trouble
Engine overheating
Clutch slipping
Poor Running or No Power at High
Speed:
Firing incorrect:
Spark plug dirty, broken, or maladjusted
Stick coil wiring trouble
Stick coil not in good contact
Spark plug incorrect
Camshaft postion trouble
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Stick coil trouble
Fuel/air mixture incorrect:
Air cleaner clogged, poorly sealed, or missing
Air cleaner O-ring damaged
Air cleaner duct loose
Water or foreign matter in fuel
Throttle body assy holder loose
Fuel to injector insufficient (DFI)
Fuel tank air vent obstructed
Fuel line clogged
Fuel pump trouble (DFI)
Compression low:
Spark plug loose
Cylinder head not sufficiently tightened
down
No valve clearance
Cylinder, piston worn
Piston ring bad (worn, weak, broken, or
sticking)
Piston ring/groove clearance excessive
Cylinder head gasket damaged
Cylinder head warped
Valve spring broken or weak
Valve not seating properly (valve bent,
worn, or carbon accumulation on the
seating surface.)
Knocking:
Carbon built up in combustion chamber
Fuel poor quality or incorrect
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Camshaft position sensor trouble
Crankshaft sensor trouble
Miscellaneous:
Throttle valve won’t fully open
Brake dragging
Clutch slipping
Engine overheating
Engine oil level too high
Engine oil viscosity too high
Drive train trouble
Air suction valve trouble
Vacuum switch valve trouble
Catalytic converter melt down due to muffler
overheating (KLEEN)
Overheating:
Firing incorrect:
Spark plug dirty, broken, or maladjusted
Spark plug incorrect
IC igniter in ECU trouble
17-22 APPENDIX
Troubleshooting Guide
Muffler overheating:
For KLEEN, do not run the engine even if
with only one cylinder misfiring or poor
running (Request the nearest service facility to correct it)
For KLEEN, do not push-start with a dead
battery (Connect another full-charged
battery with jumper cables, and start the
engine using the electric starter)
For KLEEN, do not start the engine under
misfire due to spark plug fouling or poor
connection of the stick coil
For KLEEN, do not coast the motorcycle
with the ignition switch off (Turn the ignition switch ON and run the engine)
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Fuel/air mixture incorrect:
Throttle body assy holder loose
Air cleaner duct loose
Air cleaner poorly sealed, or missing
Air cleaner O-ring damaged
Air cleaner clogged
Compression high:
Carbon built up in combustion chamber
Engine load faulty:
Clutch slipping
Engine oil level too high
Engine oil viscosity too high
Drive train trouble
Brake dragging
Lubrication inadequate:
Engine oil level too low
Engine oil poor quality or incorrect
Oil cooler incorrect:
Oil cooler clogged
Gauge incorrect:
Water temperature gauge broken
Water temperature sensor broken
Coolant incorrect:
Coolant level too low
Coolant deteriorated
Wrong coolant mixed ratio
Cooling system component incorrect:
Radiator fin damaged
Radiator clogged
Thermostat trouble
Radiator cap trouble
Radiator fan switch trouble
Radiator fan relay trouble
Fan motor broken
Fan blade damaged
Water pump not turning
Water pump impeller damaged
Over Cooling:
Gauge incorrect:
Water temperature gauge broken
Water temperature sensor broken
Cooling system component incorrect:
Radiator fan switch trouble
Thermostat trouble
Clutch Operation Faulty:
Clutch slipping:
Friction plate worn or warped
Steel plate worn or warped
Clutch spring broken or weak
Clutch hub or housing unevenly worn
No clutch lever play
Clutch inner cable trouble
Clutch release mechanism trouble
Clutch not disengaging properly:
Clutch plate warped or too rough
Clutch spring compression uneven
Engine oil deteriorated
Engine oil viscosity too high
Engine oil level too high
Clutch housing frozen on drive shaft
Clutch hub nut loose
Clutch hub spline damaged
Clutch friction plate installed wrong
Clutch lever play excessive
Clutch release mechanism trouble
Gear Shifting Faulty:
Doesn’t go into gear; shift pedal doesn’t
return:
Clutch not disengaging
Shift fork bent or seized
Gear stuck on the shaft
Gear positioning lever binding
Shift return spring weak or broken
Shift return spring pin loose
Shift mechanism arm spring broken
Shift mechanism arm broken
Shift pawl broken
Jumps out of gear:
Shift fork ear worn, bent
Gear groove worn
Gear dogs and/or dog holes worn
Shift drum groove worn
Gear positioning lever spring weak or broken
Shift fork guide pin worn
Drive shaft, output shaft, and/or gear
splines worn
Overshifts:
Gear positioning lever spring weak or broken
Shift mechanism arm spring broken
APPENDIX 17-23
Troubleshooting Guide
Abnormal Engine Noise:
Knocking:
IC igniter in ECU trouble
Carbon built up in combustion chamber
Fuel poor quality or incorrect
Spark plug incorrect
Overheating
Piston slap:
Cylinder/piston clearance excessive
Cylinder, piston worn
Connecting rod bent
Piston pin, piston pin hole worn
Valve noise:
Valve clearance incorrect
Valve spring broken or weak
Camshaft bearing worn
Valve lifter worn
Other noise:
Connecting rod small end clearance excessive
Connecting rod big end clearance excessive
Piston ring/groove clearance excessive
Piston ring worn, broken, or stuck
Piston ring groove worn
Piston seizure, damage
Cylinder head gasket leaking
Exhaust pipe leaking at cylinder head connection
Crankshaft runout excessive
Engine mount loose
Crankshaft bearing worn
Primary gear worn or chipped
Camshaft chain tensioner trouble
Camshaft chain, sprocket, guide worn
Air suction valve damaged
Vacuum switch valve damaged
Alternator rotor loose
Catalytic converter melt down due to muffler
overheating (KLEEN)
Abnormal Drive Train Noise:
Clutch noise:
Clutch damper weak or damaged
Clutch housing/friction plate clearance excessive
Clutch housing gear worn
Wrong installation of outside friction plate
Transmission noise:
Bearings worn
Transmission gear worn or chipped
Metal chips jammed in gear teeth
Engine oil insufficient
Drive line noise:
Drive chain adjusted improperly
Drive chain worn
Rear and/or engine sprocket worn
Chain lubrication insufficient
Rear wheel misaligned
Abnormal Frame Noise:
Front fork noise:
Oil insufficient or too thin
Spring weak or broken
Rear shock absorber noise:
Shock absorber damaged
Disc brake noise:
Pad installed incorrectly
Pad surface glazed
Disc warped
Caliper trouble
Other noise:
Bracket, nut, bolt, etc.
not properly
mounted or tightened
Oil Pressure Warning Light Goes On:
Engine oil pump damaged
Engine oil screen clogged
Engine oil filter clogged
Engine oil level too low
Engine oil viscosity too low
Camshaft bearing worn
Crankshaft bearing worn
Oil pressure switch damaged
Wiring faulty
Relief valve stuck open
O-ring at the oil passage in the crankcase
damaged
Exhaust Smokes Excessively:
White smoke:
Piston oil ring worn
Cylinder worn
Valve oil seal damaged
Valve guide worn
Engine oil level too high
Black smoke:
Air cleaner clogged
Brown smoke:
Air cleaner duct loose
Air cleaner O-ring damaged
Air cleaner poorly sealed or missing
17-24 APPENDIX
Troubleshooting Guide
Handling and/or Stability
Unsatisfactory:
Handlebar hard to turn:
Cable routing incorrect
Hose routing incorrect
Wiring routing incorrect
Steering stem nut too tight
Steering stem bearing damaged
Steering stem bearing lubrication inadequate
Steering stem bent
Tire air pressure too low
Handlebar shakes or excessively vibrates:
Tire worn
Swingarm pivot bearing worn
Rim warped, or not balanced
Wheel bearing worn
Handlebar clamp bolt loose
Steering stem nut loose
Front, rear axle runout excessive
Engine mounting bolt loose
Handlebar pulls to one side:
Frame bent
Wheel misalignment
Swingarm bent or twisted
Swingarm pivot shaft runout excessive
Steering maladjusted
Front fork bent
Right and left front fork oil level uneven
Shock absorption unsatisfactory:
(Too hard)
Front fork oil excessive
Front fork oil viscosity too high
Rear shock absorber adjustment too hard
Tire air pressure too high
Front fork bent
(Too soft)
Tire air pressure too low
Front fork oil insufficient and/or leaking
Front fork oil viscosity too low
Rear shock adjustment too soft
Front fork, rear shock absorber spring weak
Rear shock absorber oil leaking
Brake Doesn’t Hold:
Air in the brake line
Pad or disc worn
Brake fluid leakage
Disc warped
Contaminated pad
Brake fluid deteriorated
Primary or secondary cup damaged in master
cylinder
Master cylinder scratched inside
Battery Trouble:
Battery discharged:
Charge insufficient
Battery faulty (too low terminal voltage)
Battery lead making poor contact
Load excessive (e.g., bulb of excessive
wattage)
Ignition switch trouble
Alternator trouble
Wiring faulty
Regulator/rectifier trouble
Battery overcharged:
Alternator trouble
Regulator/rectifier trouble
Battery faulty
MODEL APPLICATION
Year
Model
2003
ZR1000–A1
2004
ZR1000–A2
Beginning Frame No.
JKAZRCA1□3A000001
ZRT00A–000001
JKAZRT00AAA000001
JKAZRCA1□ 4A015001
JKAZRT00AAA015001
ZRT00A–015001
□:This digit in the frame number changes from one machine to another.
Part No.99924-1310-03
Printed in Japan