Elmo RAV-25/60 Home Theater Server User Manual

Raven
Current Mode Servo Amplifiers for Brushless Motors with
Sinusoidal Commutation in
Extended Environmental Conditions
Installation Guide
April 2008 (Ver. 1.1)
www.elmomc.com
Notice
This guide is delivered subject to the following conditions and restrictions:
This guide contains proprietary information belonging to Elmo Motion Control Ltd.
Such information is supplied solely for the purpose of assisting users of the Raven
servo drives in their installation.
The text and graphics included in this manual are for the purpose of illustration and
reference only. The specifications on which they are based are subject to change
without notice.
Elmo Motion Control and the Elmo Motion Control logo are trademarks of Elmo
Motion Control Ltd.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice.
Document No. MAN-RAVIG
Copyright  2008
Elmo Motion Control Ltd.
All rights reserved.
RAV- XX/YYY
Raven Catalog
Number:
Current
Maximum
Operating
Voltage
Revision History:
Ver. 1.1
April 2008
Updated Power Ratings Table in Appendix
Ver. 1.0
June 2007
Initial release
(MAN-RAVIG.PDF)
Elmo Motion Control Ltd.
Elmo Motion Control Inc.
Elmo Motion Control GmbH
64 Gisin St., P.O. Box 463
Petach Tikva 49103
Israel
1 Park Drive, Suite 12
Westford, MA 01886
USA
Steinkirchring 1
D-78056, Villingen-Schwenningen
Germany
Tel: +972 (3) 929-2300
Fax: +972 (3) 929-2322
Tel: +1 (978) 399-0034
Fax: +1 (978) 399-0035
Tel: +49 (0) 7720-85 77 60
Fax: +49 (0) 7720-85 77 70
info-il@elmomc.com
info-us@elmomc.com
info-de@elmomc.com
www.elmomc.com
Raven Installation Guide
Contents
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Contents
Chapter 1: Safety Information ............................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Warnings ......................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Cautions .......................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.3 Conformance to Standards............................................................................................ 1-2
1.4 Warranty Information.................................................................................................... 1-3
Chapter 2: Introduction........................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1 ExtrIQ Product Family................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Product Description ....................................................................................................... 2-2
2.3 Standard Features .......................................................................................................... 2-2
2.4 Fault Protection .............................................................................................................. 2-2
2.5 How to Use this Guide .................................................................................................. 2-4
Chapter 3: Installation ............................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1 Site Requirements........................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Unpacking the Amplifier Components........................................................................ 3-1
3.3 Raven Dimensions.......................................................................................................... 3-2
3.4 Mounting the Raven ...................................................................................................... 3-3
3.4.1 Mounting the Heatsink ....................................................................................... 3-3
3.4.2 Mounting on the PC Board ................................................................................. 3-3
3.5 Wiring the Raven ........................................................................................................... 3-4
3.6 Connections .................................................................................................................... 3-5
3.6.1 Pin Functions........................................................................................................ 3-5
3.6.2 Connecting a Non-isolated Raven to an Isolating Power Transformer.......... 3-8
3.7 DC Power Supply........................................................................................................... 3-9
Chapter 4: Servo Control Operation ..................................................................................... 4-1
4.1 Current Command Input............................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 CFM ................................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.3 Current Gain Control (CGC)......................................................................................... 4-2
4.4 External Current Limit - Continuous (ECLC) ............................................................. 4-3
4.4.1 External Voltage................................................................................................... 4-3
4.4.2 External Resistor .................................................................................................. 4-3
4.5 External Current Limit - Peak (ECLP).......................................................................... 4-3
4.5.1 External Voltage................................................................................................... 4-3
4.5.2 External Resistor .................................................................................................. 4-4
4.6 Latch Mode (LM)............................................................................................................ 4-4
4.7 Amplifier Enable Logic.................................................................................................. 4-4
4.8 Status Indications ........................................................................................................... 4-5
Appendix: Technical Specifications ....................................................................................A-1
A.1 Power Ratings................................................................................................................A-1
A.2 Electrical Specifications ................................................................................................A-1
A.3 Mechanical Specifications.............................................................................................A-2
A.4 Environmental Conditions ...........................................................................................A-2
A.5 Standards Compliance..................................................................................................A-3
A.5.1 Quality Assurance...............................................................................................A-3
A.5.2 Design ..................................................................................................................A-3
i
Raven Installation Guide
Contents
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
A.5.3
A.5.4
A.5.5
A.5.6
A.5.7
A.5.8
A.5.9
Safety ....................................................................................................................A-3
EMC......................................................................................................................A-4
Workmanship......................................................................................................A-4
PCB .......................................................................................................................A-4
Packing.................................................................................................................A-4
WEEE* ..................................................................................................................A-4
RoHS.....................................................................................................................A-4
ii
Raven Installation Guide
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Chapter 1: Safety Information
In order to achieve the optimum, safe operation of the Raven servo amplifier, it is
imperative that you implement the safety procedures included in this user guide. This
information is provided to protect you and to keep your work area safe when operating
the Raven and accompanying equipment. Read this chapter carefully before you begin
the installation process.
Ensure that all system components are connected to earth ground. Electrical safety is
provided through a low-resistance earth connection.
Only qualified personnel may install, adjust, maintain and repair the servo amplifier. A
“qualified person” has the knowledge and authorization to perform tasks such as
transporting, assembling, installing, commissioning and operating motors.
The Raven servo amplifier contains electrostatic-sensitive components that can be
damaged if handled incorrectly. To prevent any electrostatic damage, avoid contact with
highly insulating materials, such as plastic film and synthetic fabrics. Place the product
on a conductive surface and ground yourself in order to discharge any possible static
electricity build-up.
To avoid any potential hazards that may cause severe personal injury or damage to the
product during operation, keep all covers and cabinet doors shut.
The following safety symbols are used in this manual:
Warning:
This information is needed to avoid a safety hazard, which might cause
bodily injury.
Caution:
This information is necessary for preventing damage to the product or
to other equipment.
Note:
This is auxiliary information that ensures the correct operation of the
equipment.
1.1
Warnings
Cleaning after soldering
To avoid the damage of the product's acrylic coating the Raven must not
be cleaned after soldering by dissolving solvents and /or "water" cleaning
process. For more details:
http://www.elmomc.com/applications/article/Soldering-andCleaning_Application-Note.pdf
1-1
Raven Installation Guide
Safety Information
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
To avoid electric arcing and hazards to personnel and electrical contacts,
never connect/disconnect the servo amplifier while the power source is on.
Power cables can carry a high voltage, even when the motor is not in
motion. Disconnect the Raven from all voltage sources before it is opened
for servicing.
After shutting off the power and removing the power source from your
equipment, wait at least 5 minutes before touching or disconnecting parts
of the equipment that are normally loaded with electrical charges (such as
capacitors or contacts). Measuring the electrical contact points with a meter
before touching the equipment is recommended.
1.2
Cautions
The Raven servo amplifier contains hot surfaces and electrically-charged
components during operation.
The maximum DC power supply connected to the instrument must comply
with the parameters outlined in this guide.
1.3
Conformance to Standards
The Raven servo amplifier has been developed, produced, tested and documented in
accordance with the relevant standards. Elmo Motion Control is not responsible for any
deviation from the configuration and installation described in this documentation.
Furthermore, Elmo is not responsible for the performance of new measurements or
ensuring that regulatory requirements are met.
The Raven servo amplifier is intended for incorporation in a machine or end product. The
actual end product must comply with all safety aspects of the relevant requirements of
the European Safety of Machinery Directive 89/392/EEC as amended, and with those of
the most recent versions of standards EN60204-1 and EN292-2 at the least.
According to Annex III of Article 13 of Council Directive 93/68/EEC, amending Council
Directive 73/23/EEC concerning electrical equipment designed for use within certain
voltage limits, the Raven meets the provisions outlined in Council Directive 73/23/EEC.
The party responsible for ensuring that the equipment meet the limits required by EMC
regulations is the manufacturer of the end product.
1-2
Raven Installation Guide
2-1
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Chapter 2: Introduction
This user guide is intended for the design engineer who is integrating an Elmo Motion
Control Raven servo amplifier into a machine.
2.1
ExtrIQ Product Family
Elmo Motion Control's ExtrIQ product family is a set of durable motion control products
for applications operating under extreme environmental conditions. The products are
capable of withstanding the following extreme conditions:
Ambient
Temperature
Range
Non-operating
conditions
-50 °C to +100 °C (-58 °F to 212 °F)
Operating conditions
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to 160 °F)
Temperature
Shock
Non-operating
conditions
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to 160 °F)
within 3 min.
Altitude
Non-operating
conditions
Unlimited
Operating conditions
-400 m to 155,000 m (-1,300 ft to 510,000 ft)
Non-operating
conditions
Up to 95% relative humidity noncondensing at 35 °C (95 °F)
Operating conditions
Up to 95% relative humidity noncondensing at 25 °C (77 °F), up to 90%
relative humidity non-condensing at 42 °C
(108 °F)
Vibration
Operating conditions
20 Hz –2,000 Hz, 14.6g
Mechanical
Shock
Non-operating
conditions
±40g; Half sine, 11 msec
Operating conditions
±20g; Half sine, 11 msec
Maximum
Humidity
ExtrIQ products have a high power density in the range of 10 W – 9000 W and current
carrying capacity of up to 200 A (400A peak). ExtrIQ has been tested using methods and
procedures specified in a variety of extended environmental conditions (EEC) standards
including:
•
•
•
•
•
•
MIL-STD-704- Aircraft, Electric Power Characteristics
MIL-STD-810- Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests
MIL-STD-1275- Characteristics of 28 Volt DC Electrical Systems in Military Vehicles
MIL-STD-461- Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference
Characteristics of Subsystems and Equipment
MIL-HDBK-217- Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment
ISO-9001:2000
Raven Installation Guide
Introduction
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
2.2
Product Description
The Raven is a series of miniature ExtrIQ current mode servo amplifiers for brushless
motors with sinusoidal commutation. Although highly compact, the Raven can withstand
extended environmental conditions and support up to 35 Amps. This high power density
servo amplifier can deliver up to 4800 W of peak power or 2400 W of continuous power
in a miniature package. The servo amplifier offers significant operating features
including excellent output linearity and zero dead band performance.
The Raven incorporates custom mixed analog/digital ICs and a hybrid power stage. The
basic configuration is a current mode amplifier targeting the OEM market. As such, no
trimmers are used in the basic version. In addition to its compliance with relevant MIL
standards, the Raven amplifier also meets UL508c and the relevant CE regulations.
The Raven power stage is implemented on a single ceramic substrate. This design enables
very high thermal conductivity, high current carrying capacity, improved EMC and good
mechanical strength. The control section is implemented by dedicated custom ICs that
contribute to enhanced performance.
2.3
Standard Features
Operation in current mode
Internal DC-to-DC converter, which allows for operation from a single supply
Zero deadband
Excellent linearity
One differential input
Motor current monitor
Current gain change for low inductance motors
Remote current gain control
Current feedback multiplier for low current motors
Status indication and remote control functions by four open collector transistors
External continuous and peak current-limit adjustments
Interface via soldering pins
Package: plated-copper base plate, plastic housing, UL94V0 recognized
Ultra-compact size
2.4
Fault Protection
Built-in protection against possible fault conditions, including:
Shorts between the outputs or between each output and the power input/return
Over-temperature
Under/over voltage
Failure of internal power supplies
Latch mode for each protective feature
Under/over voltage
2-2
Raven Installation Guide
Introduction
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
10.5K
10K
20K
CREF1+ (J1,2)
20K
-
CREF1- (J1,1)
20K
+
10nF
100K
AS
44.2K
AD
Current Loop
Amp.
-
A
20K
+
Current loop Phase 1
20K
CREF2+ (J1,4)
10K
Current loop Phase 2
-
20K
AD
CREF2- (J1,3)
20K
+
20K
Current loop Phase 3
ECLC(J2,1)
1K
ECLP(J2,3)
1K
ECLRET(J2,2)
CM1(J1,7)
21K
CM2(J1,8)
21K
CM3(J1,9)
21K
Current
Limits
PWM
CMRET(J1,10)
Dr4
Dr3
Dr5
Dr2
AOK(J3,1)
M1
Current
Sensing
SO1(J3,2)
Dr6
M2
Dr1
M3
SO2(J3,3)
Protections
VP+
SO3(J3,4)
PR
SORET(J3,5)
(J3,6)
CFM(J2,6)
CFM&CGC
Logic
27.4K
LM(J2,7)
CGC(J2,5)
14.7K
EN- (J2,10)
27.4K
EN+ (J2,9)
CGCRET(J2,4)
LMRET(J2,8)
Figure 2-1: Raven Block Diagram
2-3
Raven Installation Guide
Introduction
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
2.5
How to Use this Guide
Installation is the first step in integrating and operating the Elmo Raven servo amplifier.
After carefully reading the safety instructions in the first chapter, the following chapters
provide you with installation instructions as follows:
Chapter 3, Installation, provides step-by-step instructions for unpacking, mounting and
connecting the Raven.
Chapter 4, Servo Control Operation, explains how to control the operation of the servo
amplifier.
The Appendix, Technical Specifications, lists all the drive ratings and specifications.
2-4
Raven Installation Guide
3-1
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Chapter 3: Installation
3.1
Site Requirements
You can guarantee the safe operation of the Raven by ensuring that it is installed in an
appropriate environment.
Feature
Value
Ambient operating temperature
-40 °C ~ 70 °C (- 40 °C ~ 160 °F)
Maximum case temperature
87 °C (188 °F)
Note: Models for extended environmental conditions are available.
3.2
Unpacking the Amplifier Components
To unpack the Raven:
Carefully remove the servo amplifier from the box and the Styrofoam.
1.
Check the amplifier to ensure that there is no visible damage to the instrument. If
any damage has occurred, report immediately to the carrier that delivered your
amplifier.
2.
To ensure that the Raven you have unpacked is the appropriate type for your
requirements, find the part number sticker on the side of the Raven:
The P/N number at the top gives the type designation as follows:
RAV- XX/YYY
Current
Maximum
Operating
Voltage
3.
Verify that the Raven type is the one that you ordered, and ensure that the voltage
meets your specific requirements.
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
3.3
Raven Dimensions
Figure 3-1: Raven Dimensions
3-2
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
3.4
Mounting the Raven
3.4.1
Mounting the Heatsink
The Raven dissipates its heat by natural convection, up to loads of 500W. For higher
output loads, the amplifier should be mounted on an additional heatsink or cooled by
fan. There are two 4.5-mm holes in the base plate for mounting an additional heatsink
(see Figure 3-1).
3.4.2
Mounting on the PC Board
When mounting the Raven on a PC board, four screws (in addition to the solder pins)
may be installed to provide a mechanical connection. It is important to provide a spacer if
any components are located above the amplifier. Failure to do so can warp the PC board
or puncture the amplifier case. When selecting screws, the following specifications
should be used. If a spacer has been added, the screw length must be calculated to
penetrate the case by no more than 2.6 mm.
Screw Type: Phillips Pan Head Self-tapping (for plastic) screw – Nickel-plated Steel.
Meets standards ISO 1478, EN 21478, or DIN 7970.
d
ST2.2
L
4.5*
P
0.8
dk
4.2
k
1.8
m≈
2.6
Phillips size
1
*4.5 mm is typical for mounting on a
PC board assembly without spacers.
Table 3-1: Dimensions in Millimeters
Basic
ISO Pitch
Diameter Nr. P
Main Diameter
D1max
ST2.2
2.24
2
0.8
Minor Diameter
Flat End Diameter
D1min
D2max
D2min
D3max
D3min
2.1
1.63
1.52
1.47
1.37
Table 3-2: Size Limits for Tapping Screw Thread
3-3
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
3.5
Wiring the Raven
Figure 3-2: Basic Wiring
3-4
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
3.6
Connections
3.6.1
Pin Functions
The Raven connections are described in the following figure and tables.
Figure 3-3: Raven Connector Locations
Pin
Function
Remarks
VP+
Positive power input
PR
M1
Power input return
Motor power output 1
M2
Motor power output 2
M3
Motor power output 3
Table 3-3: Raven Power Connections
3-5
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Pin #/
Short Form
1
CREF1-
Function
Remarks
Current command Negative input of a differential amplifier:
input ( - )
Input operating voltage range: ±3.75 V
Maximum input voltage: ±20 V
(see section 4.1)
Maximum common mode voltage: ±6 V
(referred to as CMRET)
Differential input impedance: 40 kΩ
2
CREF1+
3
CREF24
Current command Positive input of a differential amplifier.
input ( + )
Specification as for pin J1/1.
Current command Negative input of a differential amplifier.
input ( - )
Specification as for pin J1/1.
CREF2+
Current command Positive input of a differential amplifier.
input ( + )
Specification as for pin J1/1.
5
N/C
6
N/C
7
Current monitor
for M1
Analog output with a scale of ±3.9 V for ±Ip.
Current monitor
for M2
Analog output with a scale of ±3.9 V for ±Ip.
Current gain
change return
Analog output with a scale of ±3.9 V for ±Ip.
Current monitor
return
Return for the current monitor (CM) signals.
CM1
8
CM2
9
CM3
10
CMRET
Output resistance: 21 kΩ
Output resistance: 21 kΩ
Output resistance: 21 kΩ
Table 3-4: Connector J1
3-6
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Pin #/
Short Form
1
ELCL
Function
Remarks
External current
limit - continuous
External voltage scales down rated value.
Voltage range: 0 V to 3.75 V (3.75 V = rated Ic)
Internally limited to rated value
2
ECLRET
3
ECLP
Current limits
return
Return for current limits signals.
External current
limit - peak
External voltage scales down rated value.
Voltage range: 0 V to 3.75 V (3.75 V = rated Ip)
Internally limited to rated value
4
Current gain
change return
Return for CGC signal.
Current gain
change
Shorting this pin to the CGCRET pin (J2/4)
reduces the proportional gain (P) of the current
loop by 70%.
CFM
Current feedback
multiplier
Shorting this pin to pin J2/5 (CGC) multiplies
the current feedback signal by 2.
7
Latch mode
Latch mode input.
Latch mode return
Return for Latch mode (LM).
Enable ( + )
Positive voltage input of "Amplifier Enable”
function. To enable operation of the amplifier,
the opto must be switched on by applying
voltage between this pin (+) and pin J2/10 (-).
The opto is isolated from the amplifier. See
Figure 2-1.
CGCRET
5
CGC
6
LM
8
LMRET
9
EN+
Minimum “On” voltage: 3 V , current
consumption 0.6 mA.
Maximum “On” voltage: 15 V , current
consumption 5.4 mA.
10
EN-
Enable (-)
Negative voltage input of “Amplifier Enable”
function. Opto is isolated from the amplifier. For
details, see pin J2/9.
Table 3-5: Connector J2
3-7
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Pin #/
Short Form
Function
Remarks
1
Amplifier OK
“Amplifier OK” indication output pin. When the
amplifier is at normal operating conditions, this
output is in “active low “ state. When a failure
occurs, this output is changed to “open” state.
Opto isolated, open collector NPN type. See
Figure 2-1.
AOK
Maximum voltage = 30 V
Maximum current = 8 mA.
“On” voltage: V OUT(On) < 0.8 V
2
Status output 1
Status indication output 1. Specification as in pin
J3/1.
Status output 2
Status indication output 2. Specification as in pin
J3/1.
Status output 3
Status indication output 3. Specification as in pin
J3/1.
Status output
return
Status output return for AOK, SO1, SO2, SO3.
Isolated from power input return. for details, see
Figure 2-1.
Status output
return
Status output return for AOK, SO1, SO2, SO3.
Isolated from power input return. for details, see
Figure 2-1.
SO1
3
SO2
4
SO3
5
SORET
6
SORET
Table 3-6: Connector J3
3.6.2
Connecting a Non-isolated Raven to an Isolating
Power Transformer
Be sure to ground:
DC power common
Motor chassis
Amplifier heatsink
Do not ground the control common, which is internally connected to the power common.
Grounding the control common will create a ground loop.
3-8
Raven Installation Guide
Installation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
3.7
DC Power Supply
The DC power supply can be at any voltage in the range defined in the technical
specifications (Appendix of this guide). The supply source must comply with the safety
aspects of the relevant requirements, in accordance with the most recent version of the
standard EN60950 or equivalent Low Voltage Directive Standard, all according to the
applicable over-voltage category. If the power source to the power supply is the AC line
(through a transformer), safety margins must be considered, in order to avoid activating
the under/over voltage protection due to line variations and/or voltage drop under load.
In addition to the above, the transformer must comply with the safety aspects of the
relevant requirements in accordance with the most recent version of the standard
EN60742 (Isolating and Safety Isolating Transformers). The nominal DC bus voltage
should be in the following range:
1.2 Vdcmin < Vdc < 0.9 Vdcmax
where:
Vdcmin is the minimum DC bus
Vdcmax is the maximum DC bus
The recommended minimum power supply capacitance for single-phase connections is
as follows:
Amplifier Voltage Range
50 - 55 V
100 V
200 V
Recommended capacitance
5600 µF
3300 µF
1500 µF
The transformer power should be calculated such that it will be able to deliver power to
the amplifier (including peak power) without significant voltage drops.
The power supply should be located as close as possible to the amplifier. The maximum
distance is 30 cm (1 foot). While driving high-inertia loads, the power supply must be
equipped with a shunt regulator; otherwise, the amplifier will be disabled whenever the
capacitors are charged above the maximum voltage.
3-9
Raven Installation Guide
4-1
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
Chapter 4: Servo Control Operation
4.1
Current Command Input
The Raven has two differential inputs. The input operating voltage range is ± 3.75 V,
meaning that a 3.75 V signal will result in a fully rated peak current. The current limit
circuits will override this signal if the peak duration exceeds 2.7 seconds and/or the
required current exceeds the values set by the ECLC and ECLP signals. If the input
command voltage exceeds 3.75 V, input scaling must be implemented by adding a pair of
external resistors, according to the following formula:
Rin (KΩ) = (5.33 * Vin) - 20
Be careful not to apply input voltage above the maximum allowed input voltage as this
will cause the input operational amplifier to operate beyond its limits (+20 V) and in
extreme cases, may even damage it.
4.2
CFM
The amplifier is equipped with a current feedback multiplier (CFM). Connecting pin J2/6
to J2/5 multiplies the signal of the current feedback by 2 and consequently causes the
following changes to occur:
Current gains are divided by 2.
Current monitor is multiplied by 2.
Current limits are divided by 2.
This function should be activated whenever the rated current and the peak current of the
motor are less than 50% of the amplifier rated continuous and peak limits, respectively.
Continuous Peak Current Current
Current limit Limit
Gain(A/V)
Current
Monitor
(V/A)
Differential
Input
Impedance
Without CFM
Ic
Ip
Ip/3.75
3.9/Ip
40 kΩ
With CFM
Ic/2
Ip/2
Ip/7.5
7.8/Ip
40 kΩ
Table 4-1: CFM Effects
The default (pin J2/6 left open) is the low current feedback.
For permanent selection, a simple short is recommended.
For remote selection, the scheme in Figure 4-1 should be used.
Raven Installation Guide
Servo Control Operation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
4.3
Current Gain Control (CGC)
The Raven amplifier is equipped with Current Gain Control (CGC) for improved
performance of low induction motors. Connecting pin J2/5 to J2/4 reduces the gain of
the current loop, thus enabling the use of low inductance motors without the insertion of
an additional inductor. The default (pin J2/5 left open) is high gain.
Shorting this pin to the circuit common pin (J2/4) reduces the proportional gain (P) of the
current loop by approx. 70%.
For permanent selection, a simple short is recommended. For remote selection, the
following scheme should be used.
Figure 4-1: CFM and CGC Remote Control
The following table should be used for calculating minimum inductance values.
Minimum Inductance for High Gain
Minimum Inductance for Low Gain
5/60
L Load (millihenry) > 12*10-3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 4.8*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
10/60
L Load (millihenry) > 6*10-3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 2.4*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
15/60
L Load (millihenry) > 4*10-3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 1.6*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
25/60
L Load (millihenry) > 2.4*10-3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 0.9*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
3/100
L Load (millihenry) > 27*10-3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 6.6*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
10/100 L Load (millihenry) > 9*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 2.2*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
15/100 L Load (millihenry) > 6*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 1.5*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
20/100 L Load (millihenry) > 4*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 1.1*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
2/200
L Load (millihenry) > 49.5*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt) L Load (millihenry) > 12*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
6/200
L Load (millihenry) > 16.5*10 -3 *Vsupply(Volt) L Load (millihenry) > 4*10 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
10/200 L Load (millihenry) > 10*10 -3 *Vsupply(Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 2.4 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
15/200 L Load (millihenry) > 6.5*10 -3 *Vsupply(Volt)
L Load (millihenry) > 1.6 -3 * Vsupply (Volt)
Table 4-2: Minimum Inductance Values
4-2
Raven Installation Guide
Servo Control Operation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
4.4
External Current Limit - Continuous (ECLC)
The continuous current limit of the Raven amplifier can be scaled down by an external
voltage or by an external resistor connected from pin J2/1 (ECLC) to pin J2/2 (ECLRET).
4.4.1
External Voltage
An external positive voltage (0 to 3.75 V) to terminal J2/1 (ECLC) in reference to terminal
J2/2 (ECLRET) will control the continuous current limit from zero to Ic(nom).
IC(new) =
VECLC
3.75V
* Ic(nom)
The voltage is internally clamped to 3.75 V whenever the external VECLC is greater
than 3.75 V.
The external voltage source must be able to source/ sink at least ±0.4 mA.
The maximum absolute VECLC is 12 V.
4.4.2
External Resistor
Connect an external resistor between terminal J2/1 (ECLC) and terminal J2/2 (ECLRET).
The resistor value is given by:
RECLC (Kohm) = 12.5 *
Ic(new)
Ic(nom)
-1
0 < RECLC < 11.4 K (1/8 Watt)
At RECLC greater than 11.4 K, the current limit will be internally clamped to the
nominal value.
IC(nom) is the nominal continuous current limit of the amplifier.
4.5
External Current Limit - Peak (ECLP)
The peak current limit of the Raven amplifier can be scaled down by an external voltage
or by an external resistor connected between pin J2/3 (ECLP) and pin J2/2 (ECLRET).
4.5.1
External Voltage
An external positive voltage (0 to 3.75 V) to terminal J2/3 (ECLP) in reference to terminal
J2/2 (ECLRET) will control the peak current limit from zero to Ip(nom).
Ip(new) =
VECLP
3.75V
* Ip(nom)
The voltage is internally clamped to 3.75 V whenever the external VECLP is higher than
3.75 V.
The external voltage source must be able to source/sink at least ±0.4 mA.
The maximum absolute VECLP is 12 V.
4-3
Raven Installation Guide
Servo Control Operation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
4.5.2
External Resistor
Connect an external resistor between terminal J2/3 (ECLP) and terminal J2/2 (ECLRET).
The resistor value is given by:
RECLP (Kohm) = 12.5 *
Ip(new)
Ip(nom)
-1
0 < RECLP < 11.4 K (1/8 Watt)
At RECLP greater than 11.4K, the current limit will be internally clamped to the
nominal value.
IP(nom) is the nominal peak current limit of the amplifier.
4.6
Latch Mode (LM)
By connecting J2/7 to J2/8, the amplifier can be latched to Disable mode whenever a
Short or Over Temperature failure occurs. Disabling the amplifier temporarily (removing
the power from Enable pins J2/9 and J2/10) resets the latch. Be sure to restore the Enable
connection when the reason for the event no longer exists. For permanent selection, a
simple short is recommended. For remote selection, use the following scheme.
Figure 4-2: LM Remote Control
4.7
Amplifier Enable Logic
Pins J2/9 and J2/10 are the inputs of an opto-coupler, which must be energized to enable
operation of the amplifier. If the Enable input is kept high before turning on the
amplifier, the amplifier power output will be active immediately upon power on.
4-4
Raven Installation Guide
Servo Control Operation
MAN-RAVIG (Ver. 1.1)
4.8
4-5
Status Indications
The following table lists the Raven amplifier status indications.
Function
Latch
Option AOK
SO1
SO2
SO3
1
Amplifier OK
(AOK)
N/A
Low
Open collector
Open collector
Open collector
2
External disable
No
Low
Low
Open collector
Low
3
Current limit
No
Low
Open collector
Open collector
Low
4
Short
Yes
Open collector
Low
Open collector
Low
5
Over
temperature
Yes
Open collector
Open collector
Low
Low
6
Internal supplies No
protection
Open collector
Low
Low
Open collector
7
Under voltage
No
Open collector
Low
Open collector
Open collector
8
Over voltage
No
Open collector
Open collector
Low
Open collector
9
Shunt*
No
Low
Open collector
Low
Open collector
10
Power Up Reset
No
Open collector
Open collector
Open collector
Open collector
* This indication can be used as a digital input for activating an external shunt regulator.
Table 4-3: Raven Status Indications
Notes:
Without latch mode:
The status indications are reset when the fault disappears.
With latch mode:
The Short and Over Temperature Failure status indications are reset when the
enable signal is temporarily removed from the enable input.
Multiple faults:
Only the reading of the first fault is reliable. Additional faults add on to the
status outputs and the indication is therefore meaningless.
Raven Installation Guide
A-1
MAN-RAVIG (Ver.1.1)
Appendix: Technical Specifications
Feature
Units
Minimum supply
voltage
VDC
10
20
40
Nominal supply
voltage
VDC
50
85
170
Maximum supply
voltage
VDC
59
95
195
Maximum continuous
power output
W
Efficiency at rated
power (at nominal
conditions)
%
240
480
720
1200
260
800 1200 1600 360
15/200
10/200
6/200
2/200
20/100
15/100
10/100
3/100
25/60
15/60
10/60
5/60
A.1 Power Ratings
960 1600 2400
> 97
Maximum output
voltage
Up to 100% of DC bus voltage
Sinusoidal continuous
current magnitude
A
Peak current limit
A
5
10
15
Mounting method
25
3.3
10
15
20
2.25
6
10
15
2 x Ic
PCB mount
A.2 Electrical Specifications
Feature
Details
Switching frequency on the load
32 kHz (±5%)
Current loop bandwidth
Up to 4 kHz
Current step response
<70 µsec
Peak current duration (full rated peak current) 2.7 sec ±15%
Continuous current limit tolerance
-1% +5%
Peak current limit tolerance
-1% +5%
Current gain linearity
Better than ±1% of rated continuous current
Current gain accuracy
Better than ±5% for 0.05 Ic < lmotor > Ip
Current monitor accuracy
Better than ±5% for 0.05 Ic < lmotor > Ip
Raven Installation Guide
Technical Specifications
MAN-RAVIG (Ver.1.1)
A.3 Mechanical Specifications
Feature
Details
Size
82 x 62 x 25.4 mm (3.228 x 2.440 x 1.000 in)
Weight
250 g (8.8 oz)
Power pin material
Brass with tin plating
Power pin size
1.14 mm (0.45 in) square
Power pin PCB layout
1.8 ± 0.05 mm (0.071 ± 0.002 in)
Signal pin (J1, J2) material
Phosphor bronze with 10µ gold plating
Signal pin (J1, J2) size
0.5 ± 0.1 mm (0.02 ± 0.004 in) square
Signal pin (J1, J2) PCB layout
1 ± 0.05 mm (0.04 ± 0.002 in)
A.4
Environmental Conditions
Non-operating
conditions
-50 °C to +100 °C (-58 °F to 212 °F)
Operating conditions
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to 160 °F)
Temperature
Shock
Non-operating
conditions
-40 °C to +70 °C (-40 °F to 160 °F)
within 3 min.
Altitude
Non-operating
conditions
Unlimited
Operating conditions
-400 m to 155,000 m (-1,300 ft to 510,000 ft)
Non-operating
conditions
Up to 95% relative humidity non-condensing
at 35 °C (95 °F)
Operating conditions
Up to 95% relative humidity non-condensing
at 25 °C (77 °F), up to 90% relative humidity
non-condensing at 42 °C (108 °F)
Vibration
Operating conditions
20 Hz –2,000 Hz, 14.6g
Mechanical
Shock
Non-operating
conditions
±40g; Half sine, 11 msec
Operating conditions
±20g; Half sine, 11 msec
Ambient
Temperature
Range
Maximum
Humidity
A-2
Raven Installation Guide
Technical Specifications
MAN-RAVIG (Ver.1.1)
A-3
A.5 Standards Compliance
A.5.1
Quality Assurance
Specification
Details
ISO 9001:2000
Quality Management
A.5.2
Design
Specification
Description
In compliance with MIL-STD-704
Aircraft, Electric Power Characteristics
In compliance with MIL-STD-810
Environmental Engineering Considerations and
Laboratory Tests
In compliance with MIL-STD-1275
Characteristics of 28 Volt DC Electrical Systems in
Military Vehicles
In compliance with MIL-STD-461
Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic
Interference Characteristics of Subsystems and
Equipment
In compliance with MIL-HDBK-217
Reliability Prediction of Electronic Equipment
IPC-D-275
IPC-SM-782
IPC-CM-770
UL508c
UL840
In compliance with VDE0160-7 (IEC68)
A.5.3
Reliability prediction of electronic equipment
(rating, de-rating, stress, etc.)
Printed wiring for electronic equipment
(clearance, creepage, spacing, conductors sizing,
etc.)
Type testing
Safety
Specification
Details
Recognized UL508c
Power conversion equipment
In compliance with UL840
Insulation coordination, including clearance and
creepage distances of electrical equipment
In compliance with UL60950
Safety of information technology equipment,
including electrical business equipment
In compliance with EN60204-1
Low voltage directive, 73/23/EEC
Raven Installation Guide
Technical Specifications
MAN-RAVIG (Ver.1.1)
A.5.4
A-4
EMC
Specification
Details
In compliance with
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
EN55011 Class A with EN61000-6-2:
Immunity for industrial environment,
according to:
IEC61000-4-2 / criteria B
IEC61000-4-3 / criteria A
IEC61000-4-4 / criteria B
IEC61000-4-5 / criteria B
IEC61000-4-6 / criteria A
IEC61000-4-8 / criteria A
IEC61000-4-11 / criteria B/C
A.5.5
Workmanship
Specification
Details
In compliance with IPC-A-610, level 3
Acceptability of electronic assemblies
A.5.6
PCB
Specification
Details
In compliance with IPC-A-600, level 3
Acceptability of printed circuit boards
A.5.7
Packing
Specification
Details
In compliance with EN100015
Protection of electrostatic sensitive devices
A.5.8
WEEE*
Specification
Description
In compliance with 2002/96/EC
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
regulations
* Please send out-of-service Elmo drives to the nearest Elmo sales office.
A.5.9
RoHS
Specification
Description
In compliance with 2002/95/EC
(effective July 2006)
Restrictions on Application of Hazardous
Substances in Electric and Electronic Equipment
Raven Installation Guide
MAN-RAVIG (Ver.1.1)
Technical Specifications
A-5