Specifications | Emerson 228 Stud Sensor User Manual

Instruction Sheet
PN 51A-228/rev.P
December 2010
Model 228
Submersion/Insertion Toroidal Sensor
For additional information, please visit our website
at www.emersonprocess.com/raihome/liquid/.
CAUTION
WARNING
CAUTION
SENSOR/PROCESS
APPLICATION COMPATIBILITY
The wetted sensor materials may not be compatible
with process composition and operating conditions.
Application compatibility is entirely the responsibility of the user.
Before removing the sensor, be absolutely certain
that the process pressure is reduced to 0 psig and
the process temperature is lowered to a safe level!
SPECIFICATIONS - SENSORS
*
MODEL
Wetted Materials
Temperature
Pressure
CRN pressure*
228-02
228-03
228-04
228-05
PEEK (glass-filled)
PEEK (glass-filled)
Tefzel (glass-filled)
Tefzel (unfilled)
248°F (120°C)
392°F (200°C)
248°F (120°C)
248°F (120°C)
295 psig (2135 kPa abs)
295 psig (2135 kPa abs)
200 psig (1480 kPa abs)
200 psig (1480 kPa abs)
220 psig (1618 kPa abs)
220 psig (1618 kPa abs)
150 psig (1135 kPa abs)
150 psig (1135 kPa abs)
Maximum pressure for applications requiring CRN registration
SPECIFICATIONS - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
Operating Conditions
PN
23311-00
(mechanical)
23311-01
(manual)
Wetted Materials
316 SS, Teflon, EPDM
316 SS, Teflon, EPDM
316 SS, Teflon, EPDM
Temperature
392°F
(200°C)
392°F
(200°C)
Pressure
295 psig
(2135 kPa abs)
295 psig
(2135 kPa abs)
Retraction/Insertion Conditions
Temperature
392°F
(200°C)
266°F
(130°C)
Pressure
295 psig
(2135 kPa abs)
35 psig
(343 kPa abs)
SPECIFICATIONS - ADAPTERS
*
PN
Wetted Materials
Temperature
Pressure
CRN pressure*
23242-02
23242-03
2001990
2001990
PEEK, Viton, 316 SS
PEEK, Viton, 316 SS
CVPC, PEEK, Viton
CVPC, PEEK, Viton
392°F (200°C)
392°F (200°C)
100°F (38°C)
185°F (85°C)
295 psig (2135 kPa abs)
295 psig (2135 kPa abs)
100 psig (791 kPa abs)
45 psig (412 kPa abs)
220 psig (1618 kPa abs)
220 psig (1618 kPa abs)
NA
NA
Maximum pressure for applications requiring CRN registration
MODEL 228
FIGURE 1. Adapter PN 23242-02
use with 228-21 (3/4 in. MNPT)
INSTALLATION
FIGURE 2. Adapter PN 23242-03
use with 228-20 (5/8-11 UNC threads)
FIGURE 3. Adapter PN 2001990
use with 228-21 (3/4 in. MNPT)
INSTALLATION
Keep at least 1 in. (2.5 cm) between the sensor and pipe walls. If the clearance is too small, calibrate the sensor
in place. Ensure that the sensor is completely submerged in liquid. Mounting the sensor in a vertical pipe run with
the flow from bottom to top is best. If the sensor must be mounted in a horizontal pipe run, orient the sensor in the
3 o’clock or 9 o’clock position.
WIRING
Keep sensor wiring away from ac conductors and high current demanding equipment. Do not cut cable.
Cutting the cable may void the warranty.
FIGURE 4. Wire Functions
2
MODEL 228
WIRING
FIGURE 5. Wiring 228-54 and 228-56 sensors to Model 1056 and 56 analyzers
FIGURE 6. Wiring 228-54 and 228-56 sensors to Model 54eC analyzer
3
MODEL 228
WIRING
FIGURE 7. Wiring 228-54 and 228-56 sensors to Model Xmt-T panel mount transmitter
FIGURE 8. Wiring 228-54 and 228-56 sensors to Model Xmt-T pipe/wall mount transmitter
4
MODEL 228
WIRING
DSHLD
CLEAR
DSHLD
DRV A
WHITE
WHITE
BLACK
GREEN
BLACK
CLEAR
WHITE
GREEN
DRV A
SHLD
BLACK
RSHLD
DRV B
SHLD
RSHLD
DRV B
CLEAR
RTD IN
RCV A
RTD IN
GREEN
RCV A
RCV B
SENSE
BLACK
SENSE
TB1
BLACK
RCV B
RTN
TB2
RTN
CLEAR
TB1
GREEN
WHITE
TB2
CLEAR
CLEAR SHIELD IS NOT
CONNECTED. IT IS PRESENT
IN HIGH TEMPERATURE
(OPTION-03) ONLY
228-56
228-54
FIGURE 9. Wiring 228-54 and 228-56 sensors to Model 1066 transmitter
FIGURE 10. Wiring 228-54 and 228-56 sensors to Model 5081-T transmitter
5
MODEL 228
WIRING
WIRING THROUGH A REMOTE JUNCTION BOX
FIGURE11. Wiring sensors through a remote junction box
Wire sensors point to point. For wiring at the analyzer end, refer to the appropriate analyzer wiring diagram. For interconnecting
cable 23294-00, use the 2265-54 wiring diagram. For interconnecting cable 23294-04 and 23294-05, use the 226-56 wiring diagram.
FIGURE 12. Remote Junction Box (PN 23550-00)
6
MODEL 228
USE OF INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
1. Process connection: 1-1/2 inch. Larger openings
may keep the sensor from inserting far enough
into the process liquid.
4. Retraction clearance: 2 ft (0.6 m).
2. Line size: 3 in.; 2-in. line requires in-place calibration.
6. Flush water: provide 1/8 in. valves in inlet and
outlet flush ports. Position flush ports so that
retraction chamber can be drained.
3. Valve: 1-1/2 NPT full port ball valve (PN
9340065).
5. Provide mechanical support if excess vibration is
expected.
MANUAL RETRACTION ASSEMBLY (PN 23311-01)
INSTALLATION
1. Loosen the collet nut and retract the sensor tube into the retraction chamber. See Figure 14.
2. Loosen the union nut and separate the retraction chamber from the assembly.
3. Install the retraction chamber on the 1-1/2 in. NPT full port ball valve mounted on the process line or vessel.
4. Thread the sensor cable through the tube into the junction box. Screw the sensor into the tube. Hand tighten
the sensor an additional half turn once the gasket is seated.
5. Connect the sensor and interconnecting cable leads to the terminal strip in the junction box. See figure 13.
6. Connect the other end of the cable to the analyzer. See the wiring diagrams in Figures 5 through 10. For cable
PN 23294-00 follow the wiring for the 228-54 sensor. For cable PN 23294-04 and 23294-05, follow the wiring
for the 228-56 sensor, with the following exception:
Refer to the wire function diagram for the 228-56 option in figure 4 and identify the RTD wire
bundle. Connect the RTD wires to the analyzer as follows:
Green – RTD in
Black – no connection
Clear – RTD common or RTD return
White – RTD sense
Wrap the bare end of the black wire to prevent accidental connections.
7. Insert the sensor and tube assembly into the retraction chamber.
8. Tighten the union nut.
9. Open the ball valve, check for leaks, and manually insert the sensor into the process.
10. Position the sensor at least 1/2 in. (13 mm) away from any wall of the vessel or pipe.
11. Tighten the collet nut.
23294-00 (For cables 23294-04 and
23294-05, see note)
FIGURE 13. Sensor-Mounted Junction Box Wiring
Note: Interconnecting cables PN 23924-04 and 23294-05 have four RTD (TC) leads: clear, black, white, and green. Do not
connect the black RTD (TC) lead. Cable PN 23294-05 has a clear outer shield. See Figure 11. Do not connect the outer shield.
7
MODEL 228
USE OF INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
RETRACTION
1.
Make certain that the system pressure is less than
35 psig (342 kPa abs). Push in on the sensor using
the top of the junction box. Slowly loosen the collet
nut.
MILLIMETER
INCH
WARNING
Severe impact injury can occur if the collet nut is
loosened under pressure.
2.
When the collet nut is loose enough, slowly ease the
sensor back so that it clears the ball valve. Close the
valve to the process line.
3.
Drain the retraction chamber contents using the 1/8
in. flush ports.
4.
Loosen the 3 in. hex union nut. Remove the sensor
and tube assembly.
5.
Replace the 3 in. hex nut O-ring. Place the sensor
and tube assembly back in the retraction assembly.
Tighten the 3 in. hex union nut. Verify that the 1/8 in.
flush ports are closed.
NOTE
With the ball valve closed and the retraction
chamber 1/8 in. flush ports open, some residual
process fluid may leak from the 3 in. hex union nut
female ACME threads. This leakage is normal and
to be expected.
6.
Before opening the ball valve, make sure that the
process pressure is less than 35 psig (342 kPa abs).
Open the ball valve and check for leaks. Insert the
sensor into the process. Tighten the collet nut.
WARNING
Retraction chamber contents may be under pressure.
FIGURE 14. Manual Retraction Assembly
8
MODEL 228
USE OF INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
MECHANICAL RETRACTION ASSEMBLY (PN 23311-00)
INSTALLATION
1. Thread the sensor cable through the tube into the
junction box. Screw the sensor into the tube. Hand
tighten the sensor an additional half turn once the gasket is seated. See Figure 15.
2.
Terminate the sensor wiring in the junction box.
See Figure 13 for wiring details.
3.
Using a 1/2 in. (13 mm) socket wrench, retract the
sensor into the retraction chamber.
4.
Install the assembly on the 1-1/2 in. NPT full port
ball valve mounted in the process line or vessel.
5.
Tighten the union nut.
6.
Open the ball valve and check for leaks.
7.
Using a 1/2 in. (13 mm) socket wrench, insert the
sensor into the process line or vessel.
8.
Position the sensor at least 1/2 in. (13 mm) away
from any wall of the vessel or pipe. Set the travel
stop collar “A” next to the nut housing.
MILLIMETER
INCH
WARNING
Do not loosen cap screws or collar when pressurized.
RETRACTION
1.
Make certain that the system pressure is less than
295 psig (2135 kPa abs) before retracting the sensor.
2.
Retract the sensor using a 1/2 in. (13 mm) socket
wrench. When the sensor clears the ball valve,
close the valve.
WARNING
Retraction chamber contents may be under pressure.
3.
Drain the retraction chamber contents using the 1/8
in. flush ports.
4.
Loosen the 3 in. hex union nut, and remove the
retraction stop collar and orange clamp top.
Remove the sensor and tube assembly.
5.
Replace the 3 in. hex nut O-ring. Place the sensor and tube assembly back in the retraction
assembly. Replace the retraction stop collar about
1/2 in. in front of the clamp. Tighten the clamp
screws, retraction stop collar, and 3-in. hex union
nut. Verify that the 1/8 in. flush ports are closed.
NOTE
With the ball valve fully closed and the retraction
chamber 1/8 in. flush ports open, some residual
FIGURE 15. Mechanical Retraction Assembly
process fluid may leak from the 3 in. hex union nut
female ACME threads. This leakage is normal and to
be expected.
6.
Before opening the ball valve, make sure that the
process pressure is less than 295 psig (2135 kPa
abs). Open the valve, check for leaks, and insert
sensor into the process.
9
MODEL 228
USE OF INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
REPLACING SEALS IN MANUAL AND MECHANICAL RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES.
1. Retract the sensor into the retraction chamber and
fully close the ball valve.
2. Drain the retraction chamber contents using the
1/8 in. flush ports.
WARNING
14. Rebuild the bushing housing. The open end of the
cup seal (spring visible) faces the process.
Retraction chamber contents may be under pressure.
15. Carefully slide the bushing housing onto the sensor tube. Do not damage the Teflon bushing or the
Teflon cup seal.
3. (Mechanical) Mark the location of the nut housing
cap and retraction collar on the sensor tube.
Remove both socket head cup screws from the nut
housing and loosen the retraction stop collar.
16. (Manual) Slide the 3 in. Hex Union nut, collet nut
with nut guard, junction box compression nut, and
plastic ferrules onto the sensor tube.
4. Remove the 3 in. Hex Union nut.
5. Withdraw the sensor from the retraction chamber.
17. (Mechanical) Slide the 3 in. Hex Union nut, retraction stop collar, junction box compression nut, and
plastic ferrules onto the sensor tube.
6. Open the junction box and disconnect the sensor
wires from the terminal block.
7. Remove the compression fitting just below the
junction box and remove the junction box from the
sensor tube.
18. Connect the junction box to the sensor tube and
wire the sensor leads to the appropriate terminals.
8. (Manual) Pull down the nut guard and remove the
collet nut from the bushing housing.
20. Place the Union nut O-ring on the bottom of the
bushing housing. Insert the sensor assembly into
the retraction chamber and tighten the 3 in. Hex
Union nut.
9. Slide all hardware including the bushing housing
off the sensor tube.
10. Remove the retaining ring from the bottom of the
bushing housing.
11. Remove the Teflon guard.
12. From the top of the bushing housing press out the
Teflon bushing. This will also push out the Teflon
cup seal.
10
13. Replace all damaged parts with replacement parts
from Figure 16 or 17. Replace the sensor tube if
the surface is damaged. A rough or uneven surface
will prevent the Teflon cup from sealing.
19. (Mechanical) Lock the retraction stop collar into
position (see Figure 15 or previously marked position for proper location).
21. (Mechanical) Install the nut housing cap (see
Figure 15 or previously marked position for proper
location).
MODEL 228
USE OF INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
FIGURE 16. Mechanical Retraction Assembly Replacement Parts
11
MODEL 228
USE OF INSERTION - RETRACTION ASSEMBLIES
FIGURE 17. Manual Retraction Assembly Replacement Parts
12
MODEL 228
CALIBRATION
CALIBRATION
The nominal cell constant of the Model 228 sensor is 2.7/cm. The error in the cell constant is about ±10%, so conductivity readings made using the nominal cell constant will have an error of at least ±10%. Wall effects, discussed
below, will likely make the error greater. For higher accuracy, the sensor must be calibrated.
Wall effects arise from the interaction between the current induced in the sample by the sensor and nearby pipe
or vessel walls. As Figure 18 shows, the measured conductivity can either increase or decrease depending on the
wall material. Because wall effects do not disappear until the Model 228 sensor is at least 1 inch (25 mm) away
from the nearest wall, wall effects are present in most installations. Correcting for them is an important part of calibration.
Conductivity sensors are calibrated against a solution of known conductivity (a standard) or against a previously
calibrated referee sensor and analyzer. If wall effects are present, calibrating a toroidal sensor with a standard
solution is possible only if the vessel holding the standard has exactly the same dimensions as the process piping. If the Model 228 sensor is installed in a tee, duplicating the process environment in the laboratory or shop
might be possible. Otherwise, calibration against a standard solution is probably impractical. The alternative is to
calibrate the sensor in place against a referee sensor and analyzer, ideally while both sensors are simultaneously
measuring the same process liquid. If this is not practical, calibrate the process sensor against the results of a
measurement made on a grab sample.
For more information about calibrating toroidal conductivity sensors, refer to application sheet ADS 43-025 available
on the Rosemount Analytical website.
FIGURE 18. Measured conductivity as a function
of clearance between sensor and walls
13
MODEL 228
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
WARNING
Retraction chamber contents may be under pressure.
Be sure sensor has been cleaned of process liquid
before handling.
Generally, the only maintenance required is to keep the opening of the sensor clear of deposits. Cleaning
frequency is best determined by experience.
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
PROBABLE CAUSE
SOLUTION
Off-scale reading
Wiring is wrong.
Verify and correct wiring.
RTD is open or shorted.
Check the RTD for open or short circuits.
See Figure 19.
Sensor is not in process stream.
Confirm that the sensor is fully submerged in
the process stream. See installation section.
Sensor is damaged.
Perform isolation checks. See Figure 19.
Sensor is improperly installed in the
process stream.
Confirm that the sensor is fully submerged
in the process stream. See installation section.
Sensor cable is run near high voltage
conductors.
Move cable away from high voltage conductors.
Sensor cable is moving.
Keep sensor cable stationary.
Bubbles are trapped in the sensor,
particularly in the toroid opening.
Install the sensor in a vertical pipe run with the
flow against the toroid opening. Increase flow
if possible.
Sensor is not completely submerged in the
process stream.
Confirm that the sensor is fully submerged
in the process stream. See installation section.
Cell constant is wrong. Wall effects are
present.
Calibrate the sensor in place in the process
piping. See calibration section.
Wrong temperature correction algorithm
is being used.
Check that the temperature correction is
appropriate for the sample. See analyzer
manual for more information.
Temperature reading is inaccurate.
Disconnect the RTD leads (Figure 19) and
measure the resistance between the in and
common leads. Resistance should be close
to the value in Table 1.
Slow temperature response to sudden
changes in temperature.
Use an RTD in a metal thermowell for
temperature compensation.
Sensor is installed in a dead area in the
piping.
Move sensor to a location more representative
of the process liquid.
Slow temperature response to sudden
changes in temperature.
Use an RTD in a metal thermowell for
temperature compensation.
Noisy reading
Reading seems wrong (lower
or higher than expected)
Sluggish response
14
FIGURE 19. Resistance check. Disconnect leads from analyzer before measuring resistances.
TABLE 1.
Temperature
Resistance
10°C
103.9 Ω
20°C
107.8 Ω
25°C
109.7 Ω
30°C
111.7 Ω
40°C
115.5 Ω
50°C
119.4 Ω
15
The right people,
the right answers,
right now.
ON-LINE ORDERING NOW AVAILABLE ON OUR WEB SITE
http://www.raihome.com
8
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2400 Barranca Parkway
Irvine, CA 92606 USA
Tel: (949) 757-8500
Fax: (949) 474-7250
http://www.raihome.com
© Rosemount Analytical Inc. 2010
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