Emerson 54e pH/ORP Photo Scanner User Manual

Instruction Manual
51-54epH/rev.G
February 2006
Model 54e pH/ORP
pH/ORP HART® Analyzer/Controller
ESSENTIAL INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
READ THIS PAGE BEFORE PROCEEDING!
Rosemount Analytical designs, manufactures, and tests its
products to meet many national and international standards. Because these instruments are sophisticated technical products, you must properly install, use, and maintain
them to ensure they continue to operate within their normal
specifications. The following instructions must be adhered
to and integrated into your safety program when installing,
using, and maintaining Rosemount Analytical products.
Failure to follow the proper instructions may cause any one
of the following situations to occur: Loss of life; personal
injury; property damage; damage to this instrument; and
warranty invalidation.
• Read all instructions prior to installing, operating, and
servicing the product. If this Instruction Manual is not the
correct manual, telephone 1-800-654-7768 and the
requested manual will be provided. Save this Instruction
Manual for future reference.
• If you do not understand any of the instructions, contact
your Rosemount representative for clarification.
• Follow all warnings, cautions, and instructions marked on
and supplied with the product.
• Inform and educate your personnel in the proper installation, operation, and maintenance of the product.
• Install your equipment as specified in the Installation
Instructions of the appropriate Instruction Manual and
per applicable local and national codes. Connect all
products to the proper electrical and pressure sources.
• To ensure proper performance, use qualified personnel to
install, operate, update, program, and maintain the product.
• When replacement parts are required, ensure that qualified people use replacement parts specified by
Rosemount. Unauthorized parts and procedures can
affect the product’s performance and place the safe operation of your process at risk. Look alike substitutions may
result in fire, electrical hazards, or improper operation.
• Ensure that all equipment doors are closed and protective covers are in place, except when maintenance is
being performed by qualified persons, to prevent electrical shock and personal injury.
Emerson Process Management
Liquid Division
2400 Barranca Parkway
Irvine, CA 92606 USA
Tel: (949) 757-8500
Fax: (949) 474-7250
http://www.raihome.com
© Rosemount Analytical Inc. 2006
Making cable connections to and servicing this
instrument require access to shock hazard level
voltages which can cause death or serious injury,
therefore, disconnect all hazardous voltage
before accessing the electronics.
Relay contacts made to separate power sources
must be disconnected before servicing.
Electrical installation must be in accordance
with the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA70) and/or any other applicable national or local
codes.
Unused cable conduit entries must be securely
sealed by non-flammable closures to provide
enclosure integrity in compliance with personal
safety and environmental protection requirements. Use NEMA 4X or IP65 conduit plugs supplied with the instrument to maintain the ingress
protection rating (IP65).
For safety and proper performance this instrument must be connected to a properly grounded
three-wire power source.
Proper relay use and configuration is the
responsibility of the user. No external connection to the instrument of more than 60VDC or
43V peak allowed with the exception of power
and relay terminals. Any violation will impair the
safety protection provided.
Do not operate this instrument without front
cover secured. Refer installation, operation and
servicing to qualified personnel.
WARNING
This product is not intended for use
in the residential, commercial or
light industrial environment per
certification to EN50081-2.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MODEL 54E PH/ORP
MICROPROCESSOR ANALYZER
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section Title
Page
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................
General Description.................................................................................................
Description of Controls ............................................................................................
Specifications...........................................................................................................
Ordering Information................................................................................................
1
1
1
2
4
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
INSTALLATION.......................................................................................................
Locating the Controller ............................................................................................
Unpacking and Inspection .......................................................................................
Mechanical Installation ............................................................................................
5
5
5
5
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
WIRING ...................................................................................................................
General ....................................................................................................................
Power Input Wiring ..................................................................................................
Analog Output Wiring ..............................................................................................
Alarm Relay Output Wiring......................................................................................
pH Sensor Wiring ....................................................................................................
Final Electrical Check ..............................................................................................
7
7
7
7
7
9
12
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
CALIBRATION ........................................................................................................
Temperature Calibration ..........................................................................................
Automatic Two-Point Calibration .............................................................................
Manual Two-Point Calibration..................................................................................
Single-Point pH Calibration .....................................................................................
Compensation Options ............................................................................................
pH Slope Adjustment ...............................................................................................
Hold Mode ...............................................................................................................
Trim Outputs ............................................................................................................
14
15
16
18
19
20
20
21
21
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION .............................................................................
Changing Alarm Setpoints .......................................................................................
Changing Output Setpoints (PID only) ....................................................................
Changing Output Setpoints (Normal) ......................................................................
Testing Outputs and Alarms ....................................................................................
Choosing Display Options .......................................................................................
Changing Output Parameters..................................................................................
Changing Alarm Parameters ...................................................................................
On-Line Diagnostics Setup......................................................................................
Auto Calibration Setup ............................................................................................
22
26
27
28
29
31
33
36
42
43
i
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED)
Section
Title
Page
6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
THEORY OF OPERATION......................................................................................
The pH Sensor Assembly........................................................................................
Continuous Sensor Diagnostics ..............................................................................
Interval Timer...........................................................................................................
Alarm Relays ...........................................................................................................
Time Proportional Control (TPC) Mode...................................................................
Normal Mode ...........................................................................................................
Analog Outputs........................................................................................................
Controller Mode Priority...........................................................................................
PID Control ..............................................................................................................
45
45
45
46
47
47
48
48
49
50
7.0
7.1
7.2
7.3
SPECIAL PROCEDURES AND FEATURES..........................................................
Password Protection................................................................................................
Configuring Security ................................................................................................
Solution Temperature Compensation ......................................................................
54
54
55
56
8.0
8.1
8.2
8.3
TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................................
Displaying Diagnostic Variables ..............................................................................
Troubleshooting Guidelines .....................................................................................
Replacement Parts ..................................................................................................
58
61
63
69
9.0
RETURN OF MATERIALS......................................................................................
70
Appendix Title
A
Page
ORP CONFIGURATION..........................................................................................
71
LIST OF TABLES
Table No.
5-1
5-2
6-1
8-1
8-2
8-3
A-1
Title
pH Settings List ....................................................................................
Standard Buffers ...................................................................................
Controller Mode Priority Chart ..............................................................
Diagnostic Messages ...........................................................................
Quick Troubleshooting Guide ...............................................................
Troubleshooting Guide .........................................................................
ORP Settings List .................................................................................
ii
Page
22
44
49
59
60
66
72
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED)
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure No.
1-1
2-1
2-2
2-3
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
5-1
5-2
6-1
6-2
8-1
8-2
8-3
A-1
Title
Main Display Screen.............................................................................
Wall Mounting .......................................................................................
Pipe Mounting.......................................................................................
Panel Mounting.....................................................................................
Power Input and Relay Output Wiring for Model 54e pH/ORP.............
Sensor Wiring Photo.............................................................................
Sensor Wiring Diagram ........................................................................
Cable Dressing .....................................................................................
Wiring for Sensors that have Solution Grounds ...................................
Wiring for Sensors without Solution Grounds Directly to Analyzer .......
Wiring for Sensors without Solution Grounds to a Junction Box ..........
Wiring to Model 399-14 ........................................................................
Menu Tree ............................................................................................
Interval Timer Examples .......................................................................
Time Proportional Control.....................................................................
The Process Reaction Curve................................................................
Theoretical pH vs. Millivolt Values at 25°C (77°F) ................................
Junction Box Preamplifier Check..........................................................
Controller Preamplifier Check...............................................................
Outline of Menu Levels for ORP...........................................................
Page
1
5
6
6
8
9
10
11
11
12
12
13
25
41
47
52
62
65
65
74
About This Document
This manual contains instructions for installation and operation of the Model 54epH
pH/ORP HART Analyzer/Controller. The following list provides notes concerning all
revisions of this document.
Rev. Level
Date
Notes
0
5/00
This is the initial release of the product manual. The manual
has been reformatted to reflect the Emerson documentation
style and updated to reflect any changes in the product offering.
0
11/01
Added trip output infor & fixed panel dimension reference.
A
3/02
Updated multiple drawings & added menus.
B
7/02
Fixed setpoint example screen on page 27.
C
4/03
Updated CE info.
D
7/04
Fixed power and weight specs on page 2.
E
3/05
Updated recommended sensors on page 3.
F
4/05
Added note re ordering circuit board stack on page 69.
G
2/06
Updated Figure 1, Menu tree.
iii
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 1.0
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS
SECTION 1.0
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS
1.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Model 54e pH/ORP analyzer/controller monitors
and controls pH in chemical processes used in many
industries. This manual's sections and appendices
cover the system's configuration, calibration, and
maintenance, and provides a troubleshooting guide.
All adjustments to the current outputs, alarm relays,
and calibration of the pH and temperature inputs can
be made using the controller's membrane keypad.
The F1-F4 keys are multifunction. The active operation for that key is displayed as a label just above
each function key as needed. For example, F1 is
usually labeled Exit and F4 may be labeled Edit,
Save, or Enter. Pressing Enter 4 will access submenus, while pressing Edit allows changing values
and Save stores the values in memory. Esc 3 can
be used to abort unwanted changes. Exit 1 returns
to the previous screen. Other labels may appear for
more specialized tasks.
The up t and down b keys are used to:
1. Move the cursor (shown in reverse video) up and
down on the menu screens.
7.00 pH
26.2°C.
AL1: 0.0
12.0 mA
AL2: 14.0
FIGURE 1-1. Main Display Screen
1.2 DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS
Figure 1-1 shows a diagram of the main display
screen. Similar diagrams are used throughout this
manual. The primary variable is continuously displayed in large numerals. The process temperature
and primary current output value are always displayed on the second line of the main display
screen. The third line can be configured to read
several different items, as desired. In this case, it is
displaying setpoints for alarms 1 and 2.
2. Scroll through the list of options available for the
field shown in reverse video. When the last
item of a menu has been reached, the cursor
will rest on the third line of the display. If the
cursor is on the second line, there are more
items to see with the down arrow key.
3. Scroll through values when a highlighted numerical value is to be set or changed.
The right and left keys are used to move the cursor
to the next digit of a number.
Green LEDs (labeled 1, 2, and 3) indicate when
alarm relays 1, 2, and 3 are energized. The fourth
relay indicates a fault condition. When a fault
occurs, the red LED (labeled FAIL) lights up, a
descriptive error message is displayed, and the
action of the outputs and relays will be as described
in Section 5.6 and Section 5.7 under fault value
(e.g. 22 mA).
The red LED also indicates when the interval timer
routine is activated and when the time limit has been
reached on a feed limit timer. For more information
on these subjects, see Section 5.7.
1
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 1.0
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS
1.3 SPECIFICATIONS
PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS - GENERAL
Enclosure: Epoxy-painted aluminum, NEMA 4X (IP65), 144 X 144 X 132 mm, DIN size (5.7 X 5.7 X 5.2 in.)
Front Panel: Membrane keyboard with tactile feedback and user selectable security. Light gray, blue and white
overlay. Light gray enclosure, dark gray bezel
Display: Back-lit dot matrix LCD (7.0 x 3.5 cm), blue on gray-green. The display contrast is compensated for
ambient temperature.
Process Variable Character Height: 16mm (0.6 in.)
Electrical Classification:
Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, & D.
T5 Ta=50°C. Dust ignition proof: Class II, Division 1, Groups E, F, & G; Class III.
CSA-LR34186:
Max. relay contact rating: 28 Vdc; 110 Vac;
230 Vac; 6 amps resistive
FM: Max. relay contact rating: 28 Vdc resistive
150 mA - Groups A & B;
400 mA - Group C;
540 mA - Group D
Power:
Code -01: 100 - 127 VAC, 50/60 Hz ± 6%, 6.0 W
200 - 253 VAC, 50/60 Hz ± 6%, 6.0 W
Code -02: 20 - 30 VDC, 6.0 W
Current Outputs:
Output 1: pH, ORP, temperature, glass impedance, or reference impedance.
Output 2: pH, ORP, temperature, glass impedance, or reference impedance.
Each output is galvanically isolated, 0-20 mA or 4-20 mA into 600 ohms maximum load at 115/230 Vac or
24 Vdc (Code -02) or 550 ohms maximum load at 100/200 Vac. Output 1 includes digital signal 4-20 mA
superimposed HART (Code -09 only).
RFI/EMI: EN-61326
LVD (Code -01 only): EN-61010-1
Ambient Temperature: 0 to 50°C (32 to 122°F)
NOTE: The analyzer is operable from -20 to 60°C (-4 to 140°F) with some degradation in display performance.
Relative Humidity: 95%, non condensing
Alarms:
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
1
2
3
4
-
Process, Interval*, or Time Proportional Control (code -20)
Process, Interval*, or Time Proportional Control (code -20)
Process, Interval*, or Time Proportional Control (code -20)
Sensor/analyzer and process fault alarm
Each relay has a dedicated LED on the front panel.
*maximum of one interval timer
Relay Contacts: Relays 1-3: Epoxy sealed form A contacts, SPST, normally open
Relay 4: Epoxy sealed form C, SPDT
28 Vdc
115 Vac
230 Vac
Resistive
5.0 Amps
5.0 Amps
5.0 Amps
Inductive
3.0 Amps
3.0 Amps
1.5 Amps
Weight/Shipping Weight: 1.8 kg/2.3 kg (4 lb/5 lb)
2
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
The Model 54e when configured as a pH analyzer,
requires a dual (glass and reference) impedance preamplifier (patent pending). This preamp converts the
high impedance pH glass electrode signal to a low
impedance signal. The preamplifier may be located in
one of three areas: 1) in the pH sensor for best performance, 2) in a remote junction box when process
temperatures exceed 80°C (176°F) in submersion
applications, or 3) in the analyzer when the distance
between the pH sensor and the analyzer is 4.5 meters
(15 feet) or less.
The Model 54e pH measures over the full range of 014 pH. The current output may be calibrated to represent any 1 to 14 pH span.
A two-point calibration is made by immersing the sensor in two different buffer solutions and entering the
pH values. When two buffers are used, the microprocessor automatically calculates the electrode slope
which is used for self-diagnostics. The electrode slope
can be read on the display and manually adjusted. A
one-point process standardization is easily accomplished by entering the pH value of a grab sample.
ANALYZER SPECIFICATIONS @ 25°C
Measurement Range: 0 to 14 pH
Output Scale Expansion: Zero suppression: up to 13
pH units
Span: Any pH from 1 to 14
Accuracy: ± 0.01 pH
Repeatability: ± 0.01 pH
Stability: ± 0.01 pH/month, non-cumulative
Temperature Coefficient: Input: ± 0.003 pH/°C
Output: ± 0.006 pH/°C
Temperature Compensation : Pt 100 or Pt 1000 RTD,
Automatic or Manual
–15 to 120°C (5 to 248°F)
SECTION 1.0
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS
The Model 54e when configured as an ORP
analyzer, measures over a range of -1400 mV to
+1400 mV in either the American convention
(Oxidation Reduction Potential), or the European convention (Reduction Oxidation-Redox). Although temperature compensation is not used for ORP
measurements, the process temperature is measured
and displayed. Temperature measurement is made by
an RTD located in the sensor assembly.
ANALYZER SPECIFICATIONS @ 25°C
Measurement Range: –1400 to +1400 mV
Output Scale Expansion: Zero suppression: up to
±1300 mV
Span: Any ORP range from 100 to 2800 mV
Accuracy: ± 1.0 mV
Repeatability: ± 1.0 mV
Stability: ± 1.0 mV/month, non-cumulative
Temperature Coefficient: Input: ± 0.2 mV/°C
Output: ± 0.4 mV/°C
Temperature Measurement: –15 to 120°C (5 to 248°F)
Pt 100 or Pt 1000 RTD
RECOMMENDED SENSORS:
Model 330 Flow Through ORP
*Model 371 EuroSenz ORP
Model 381+ Insertion/Submersion/Flow Through ORP
*Model 389 Disposable ORP
Model 396P Disposable ORP
Model 396R Retractable ORP
Model 398 Insertion/Submersion ORP
Model 398VP Insertion/Submersion with VP 6.0 connector
Model 398R Retractable ORP
Model 398RVP Retractable ORP with VP 6.0 connector
RECOMMENDED SENSORS:
Model 320B Flow Through pH
Model 320HP High Purity pH
*Model 328A Steam Sterilizable pH
*Model 370 and 371 EuroSenz pH
Model 381+ Insertion/Submersion/Flow Through pH
*Model 389 Disposable pH
*Model 396/VP Disposable pH
Model 396P/VP Disposable pH
Model 396R/VP Retractable pH
Model 397 Quik Disconnect pH
Model 398/VP Insertion/Submersion pH
*Model 398R/VP Retractable pH
*Model 399 Disposable pH
*Model Hx338 Steam Sterilizable pH
*Model Hx348 Steam Sterilizable pH
The Model 54e when ordered for ISE capability,
is suitable for use with a number of ion-selective electrodes. Consult the factory for available measurements and ranges.
3
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 1.0
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATIONS
1.4 ORDERING INFORMATION
The Model 54e pH/ORP Microprocessor Analyzer is housed in a rugged, NEMA 4X (IP65) epoxy- painted cast
aluminum enclosure. Standard features include a back-lit dot-matrix liquid crystal display, sensor diagnostics,
dual isolated outputs, and four relays. The analyzer can measure pH or ORP as configured by the user. For ISE
capability, please consult the factory.
MODEL
54e pH/ORP MICROPROCESSOR ANALYZER
CODE
01
02
OPTIONS
115/230 VAC, 50/60 Hz Power
24 VDC Power
CODE
09
20
OPTIONS
HART Communications Protocol
Controller Outputs - PID and TPC
54e pH/ORP
-01
-20
ACCESSORIES
4
PART NO.
2002577
DESCRIPTION
Wall and two inch pipe mounting kit
23545-00
Panel mounting kit
23554-00
Cable glands, kit (Qty 5 of PG 13.5)
9240048-00
Stainless steel tag (specify marking)
EXAMPLE
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 2.0
INSTALLATION
SECTION 2.0
INSTALLATION
This section is for installation of the controller.
WARNING
All electrical installation must conform to the
National Electrical Code, all state and local
codes, and all plant codes and standards for
electrical equipment. All electrical installations
must be supervised by a qualified and responsible plant electrician.
2.3.2 Wall or Surface Mounting:
1. Mount the bracket to the controller using the supplied four screws as shown in Figure 2-2.
2. Mount controller mounting bracket to wall using
any appropriate fastener such as screws, bolts,
etc (see Figure 2-1 below).
2.1 LOCATING THE CONTROLLER
Position the Model 54e pH/ORP controller to minimize
the effects of temperature extremes and to avoid
vibration and shock. Locate the controller away from
your chemical process to protect it from moisture and
fumes.
Select an installation site that is more than 2 ft from
high voltage conduit, has easy access for operating
personnel, and is not exposed to direct sunlight.
2.2 UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Inspect the exterior of the shipping container for any
damage. Open the container and inspect the controller
and related hardware for missing or damaged parts.
FIGURE 2-1. Wall Mounting
If there is evidence of damage, notify the carrier immediately. If parts are missing, contact Rosemount
Analytical customer support.
2.3.3 Pipe Mounting:
2.3 MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
2.3.1 Mounting the Controller
The Model 54e pH/ORP controller may be supplied
with a mounting bracket accessory. If you use the
mounting bracket on wall or pipe installations, avoid
mounting on pipes which vibrate or are close to the
process. The bracket may be modified to mount the
controller on I-beams or other rigid members. You can
also fabricate your own bracket or panel mount the
controller using the bracket as an example.
1. Attach the mounting bracket to the rear of the controller and tighten the four screws as shown in
Figure 2-2.
2.
Place supplied U bolts around the mounting pipe
and through the pipe mounting bracket and
mounting bracket. Tighten the U bolt nuts until the
controller is securely mounted to the pipe.
5
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 2.0
INSTALLATION
2.3.4 Panel Mounting:
The controller is designed to fit into a 5.43 x 5.43 inch (DIN standard 137.9 x137.9 mm) panel cutout (Figure 2-3).
Installation requires both front and rear access.
1. Install the controller as shown in Figure 2-3. Insert the instrument enclosure through the front of the panel
cutout and align the panel mounting brackets as shown.
2. Insert two mounting bracket screws through each of the two mounting brackets and into the tapped holes in
the rear of the controller enclosure and tighten each screw.
3.
Insert four panel mounting screws through each hole in the mounting brackets. Tighten each screw until the
mounting bracket holds controller firmly in place. To avoid damaging the controller mounting brackets, do not
use excessive force.
FIGURE 2-2. Pipe Mounting
FIGURE 2-3. Panel Mounting
6
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
3.1 GENERAL
3.3 ANALOG OUTPUT WIRING
WARNING
All electrical installation must conform to the
National Electrical Code, all state and local
codes, and all plant codes and standards for
electrical equipment. All electrical installations
must be supervised by a qualified and responsible plant electrician.
The analog output wiring consists of two 4-20 mA signals: output one from terminals 4 and 5, output 2 from
1 and 2 on TB2, as shown in Figure 3-1. These signals
can be used for chart recorder, computer monitoring, or
PID control output. The analog outputs can be programmed for 4-20 mA or for 0-20 mA, direct or reverse
acting. Current output 1 includes superimposed HART
(code -09 only).
NOTE
Wire only the analog and alarm outputs
required for your application. Be sure to read
the warning at the beginning of Section 2.0.
3.4 ALARM RELAY OUTPUT WIRING
The Model 54e pH/ORP has five access holes in the bottom of the instrument housing which accept ½-in. strain
relief connectors or conduit fittings. Be sure to seal any
unused access holes. As you face the front of the unit,
the rear openings are for input power, and alarm relay
signals. The opening on the front left is for sensor wiring
only (DC). The front right is for analog output wiring.
NOTE
For best EMI/RFI protection, the output cable
should be shielded and enclosed in an earth
grounded, rigid, metal conduit. Connect the
output cable's outer shield to the earth ground
connection on TB2 (Figure 3-1)
3.2 POWER INPUT WIRING
Figure 3-1 depicts the wiring detail for the Model 54e
pH/ORP. Code -01: connect AC power to TB3, terminals 1 and 2 for 115 VAC (terminals 2 and 3 for 230
VAC). Code -02: connect DC power to TB3 terminals 1
and 2. Connect earth ground to the nearby ground lug.
A good earth ground is essential for proper operation of
the controller. Be sure to provide a means of disconnecting the main power to the controller.
CAUTION
Do not apply power to the controller until all
electrical connections are made.
WARNING
Electrical connections to this equipment
must be made in accordance with the current National and Local Electrical Codes in
effect for the installation location.
The controller has 3 "dry" alarm relay contacts which are
normally open. Alarm 1 is across terminals 4 and 5 on
TB3. This alarm is typically used to control the pump in a
chemical feed system. Alarm 2 across terminals 6 and 7
on TB3 is usually used to operate a light or horn as a
means of alerting the chemical process operator when
pH/ORP is outside the control range. Alarm 3 is across
terminals 8 and 9 on TB3. All 3 of these alarms may be
activated on pH/ORP or temperature. They can also be
used to control other pumps or valves provided they are
programmed to do so. Refer to Section 5.0 to set up these
functions.
All three alarm contacts on the Model 54e pH/ORP are
rated for a maximum of 3 A (1.5A, 230 VAC, inductive
load). If your associated pump or valve exceeds this,
use a separate contact or relay rated for the external
device.
To use a contact output to control a pump, valve, or
light, the contact must be wired into a circuit together
with a source of power for the device to be controlled.
The power can be jumpered from the main power into
the controller and the circuit can be wired as shown on
the wiring diagrams, Figure 3-1.
PREAMPLIFIER SELECTION
The pH sensor signal requires a preamplifier at some
point in the measuring circuit. The preamp can be inside the sensor, in the junction box, or in the controller.
To allow for these options, the Model 54e pH/ORP has
a jumper selectable preamp mounted on the CPU circuit board (Figure 3-3). The jumper is placed in the
"analyzer" position when there is no preamp in the sensor (or junction box). Generally, this jumper is in the
"sensor" position.
7
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
DWG. NO.
454EPH02
FIGURE 3-1. Power Input and Relay Output Wiring for Model 54e pH/ORP
8
REV.
D
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
pH SENSOR COMPATIBILITY
The following sensors contain solution grounds:
Models 381+, 385+, 396P, 396R
The use of these sensors will allow both glass and reference diagnostics.
Figure 3-3 shows how these sensors should be wired.
Note that wiring connections depend on whether the
sensor (or junction box) has a preamp or not. If the
sensor (or j-box) has a preamp, then the preamp location jumper is moved accordingly and wiring connected
as on the left of Figure 3-3. Otherwise, the jumper is
moved to the "analyzer" position and wiring for TB1 is
connected as on the right hand side.
Junction box (P/N 23550-00) wiring for sensors that
contain a preamp is strictly point to point. All sensor
leads are run to the junction box and carried through by
the extension cable (P/N 9200273). Only use this recommended extension cable and be careful to connect
all cable leads in the junction box. Sensors without preamps that require cable extension should be wired up
to the junction box (P/N 23555-00) as per the appropriate sensor instruction manual.
The following sensors do not contain solution grounds
but are compatible with the Model 54e pH/ORP:
Models 389-02-54, 396-54, 397-54, 399-09
Sensors without solution grounds must be wired differently (see Figure 3-6). Diagnostics will only be possible
on the glass electrode side of the sensor.
When extending cable, the junction box with preamp
(P/N 23555-00) must be used. See Figure 3-7 for
wiring details.
3.5 pH SENSOR WIRING
Be sure that the pH sensor has been properly installed
and mounted. Wire the sensor to the junction box (if so
equipped) and/or Model 54e pH/ORP according to
Figures 3-5 through 3-7, or use the wiring diagram
drawing included inside the controller. Use a narrowbladed screwdriver to facilitate sensor wiring (see
Figure 3-2).
The wiring diagrams show connections between
the Model 54e pH/ORP and the junction box used
where distance from the sensor to the controller
exceeds the integral sensor cable length and interconnecting wire is required. The interconnecting
sensor wire recommended is P/N 9200273. Use of
this cable provides EMI/RFI protection and complete sensor diagnostics (for sensors so
equipped). The maximum interconnecting wire
length is 500 ft.
IMPORTANT
All interconnecting sensor cable ends must be
properly dressed, as shown in Figure 3-4, to prevent the individual sensor and shield wires from
shorting. All shields must be kept electrically separate all the way back to the terminals on the Model
54e pH/ORP. Check that there is no continuity
between the shield wires and any other sensor
conductors or shields prior to connecting the sensor wiring to the terminals on the Model 54e
pH/ORP. FAILING TO FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS WILL RESULT IN CONTROLLER MALFUNCTION.
FIGURE 3-2. Sensor Wiring Photo
9
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
DWG. NO.
454EPH01
FIGURE 3-3. Sensor Wiring Diagram
10
REV.
C
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
To prepare the cable for sensor wiring:
1. Use only the cable specified. Figure 3-4 shows
the 10 conductor cable with 3 shields
(9200273).
2. Strip back the PVC jacket 4 in. or far enough to
access the eleven screw terminals in the junction box, or the eleven terminals in the controller. Separate the two coaxial cables and prepare each as follows:
2a. Strip back the insulating black sheath about
1½ in.
2b. Separate the braid from the inner black
conductive sheath.
2c. Solder an insulated wire to the braid.
2d. Strip the black conductive sheath 1 in. to
expose the colored (orange or gray) cable
inside.
FIGURE 3-4. Cable Dressing
2e. Insulate the exposed black sheath and braid area to prevent shorts.
3. Strip ¼ in. of insulation on each conductor for terminal mounting. Insulate the exposed foil shields with heat
shrink sleeves or electrical tape. Be sure that heat shrink overlaps the exposed metal end where the foil shield
has been cut. Shields must not be shorted together. The sensor will not work if foil shields or drain wires are
not electrically isolated from each other.
INSIDE FRONT PANEL VIEW
FIGURE 3-5. Wiring for Sensors that have Solution Grounds (Models 381+, 385+, 396P, 396R)
11
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
FIGURE 3-6. Wiring for Sensors Without Solution Grounds Directly to Analyzer (Models 389-02-54,
396-54, 397-54, 399-09). For wiring to a junction box, see Figure 3-7.
FIGURE 3-7. Wiring for Sensors Without Solution Grounds to a Junction Box (Models 389-02-54, 396-54, 399-09)
NOTES:
1. Interconnecting wire maximum length is 500 ft. Use PN 9200273 (no substitutes). Shields must be insulated from each other at all
cable ends. Connect to junction box as shown.
2. If distance to controller is short, the junction box is not required. Connect sensor leads directly to controller.
3.6 FINAL ELECTRICAL CHECK
When all wiring is completed, apply power to the controller. Observe the controller for any questionable
behavior and remove power if you see a problem. With
the pH sensor in the process, the display will show a pH
value (though it may not be accurate).
12
CAUTION
To prevent unwanted chemical feed into the
process and to prevent injury to operating
personnel, disconnect the chemical feed
pump and other external devices until the
controller is checked out, programmed, and
calibrated.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 3.0
WIRING
FIGURE 3-8. Wiring to Model 399-14
13
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
The following procedures are described in this section:
•
Temperature Calibration (Section 4.1)
•
Auto Buffer (Two-Point) Calibration (Section 4.2)
•
Manual Two-Point Calibration (Section 4.3)
•
Single-Point pH Calibration (Section 4.4)
•
Temperature Compensation Options (Section 4.5)
•
pH Slope Adjustment (Section 4.6)
•
Hold Mode (Section 4.7)
INTRODUCTION
Calibration is the process of adjusting or standardizing
the controller to a lab test (such as free acid titration) or
a calibrated laboratory instrument, or standardizing to
some known reference (such as a commercial pH
buffer). Calibration ensures that the controller shows
an accurate, and therefore, repeatable reading of pH or
temperature.
Since pH measurements are affected by temperature,
the Model 54e pH/ORP reads the temperature at the
sensor and compensates for the changing temperature
by referencing all pH measurements to 25°C (77 °F).
This compensates for temperature-related changes in
the response of the glass pH electrode which would
affect the pH measurement. The pH temperature compensation does not account for changes in chemical
activity which affect the actual pH value of the solution
being measured. See Section 7.0 for information on
solution temperature compensation.
To ensure the controller's accuracy, it is important to
perform all the calibration procedures provided in this
section if you are:
•
installing this unit for the first time
•
changing or replacing electrodes or sensor elements
•
troubleshooting
IMPORTANT
Before attempting to calibrate, inspect the
pH sensor assembly. It must be clean,
undamaged and free from cracks or other
signs of leakage or wear.
WARNINGS
Before performing any of these procedures, be sure to disable or disconnect the chemical feed pumps or
other external devices (see placing controller in hold, Section 4.7)
Perform the calibration procedures in this section only in the order they are given.
Do not attempt to calibrate the controller if the fault LED is lit or the display is showing fault messages.
14
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.1 TEMPERATURE CALIBRATION
This procedure is used to ensure an accurate temperature measurement
by the temperature sensor. It enables the controller to display process
temperature accurately as well as to compensate for the effect of temperature on the pH reading when the temperature in your process
changes. The following steps should be performed with the sensor in the
process or in a grab sample near the operating temperature.
1. Check the controller temperature reading (main display) to make sure
the sensor has acclimated to the process temperature. Compare the
controller temperature to a calibrated temperature reading device.
Proceed to the next step if the reading requires adjustment.
7.00 pH
2. From the main display, press any key and then press Enter (F4) to
access the Calibrate menu.
Hold Mode: Off
Exit
Cont
Edit
Standardize pH
Adjust temperature
Temp compensation
Exit
Enter
NOTE
The hold mode screen (top left) will appear if the hold mode was
enabled in Section 5.6. Activate hold mode by pressing Edit (F4),
using the arrow key to change Off to On, and then pressing
Save(F4). The hold mode holds the outputs and relays in a fixed
state to avoid process upsets to a control system. The message
"Hold Mode Activated" will always be displayed when the controller is in hold. To leave the hold mode in it's current state,
press Cont(F3).
Press the arrow key twice to bring up the screen to the left and
then press Enter (F4).
NOTE
(To verify that the controller is using automatic temperature compensation, highlight the "Temp compensation" menu item and
press Enter (F4). For more details, see Section 4.5)
25.1 °C
Adjust temp: 25.1 °C
Exit
Edit
NOTE
25.1 °C
Adjust temp: +025.1 °C
Esc
3. Press Edit (F4) with this display shown to adjust the temperature. The
screen below will then appear. Using the arrow keys, input the correct temperature value and press Save (F4). The controller will enter
the value into memory. To abort the change, press Esc (F3).
Afterwards, to continue with buffer calibration, go to Section 4.2 or
4.3, otherwise press Exit (F1) three times for the main display.
Save
If hold mode was turned ON, be certain to install the sensor back
in the process and change the setting to OFF to resume normal
operation before leaving the controller. The screen on the top left
will appear again before the main display is shown. Follow the
same routine as in the Note for step 2 to turn the Hold Mode Off
and then press Exit (F1).
15
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.2 AUTOMATIC TWO-POINT CALIBRATION
The two-point calibration is performed when the controller is initially
installed and whenever elements of the sensor assembly or controller are
replaced. The two-point calibration re-establishes the slope of the electrode. This is necessary because the slope (mV/pH change) decreases
as the glass pH electrode ages.
7.00 pH
Buffer calibration uses measurements of two solutions to calculate the
slope (efficiency) and the zero offset of the pH sensor.
Hold Mode: Off
Exit
Cont
Edit
Obtain two pH buffer solutions with different pH values. They should be
at least 2 pH units apart. Unopened buffers have a shelf life of about a
year and should generally not be reused because of possible contamination.
Before taking readings, clean and rinse the sensor (if necessary). Shake
the sensor down to remove air bubbles from the glass electrode tip. Place
the sensor into the first buffer solution. Verify and adjust the temperature
(Section 4.1), if necessary.
The controller is set at the factory for automatic calibration. If this feature
has been disabled (Section 5.9), see Section 4.3 for manual calibration.
Auto calibration includes automatic buffer recognition (factory set buffers
are 4.01, 7.00, and 10.01 pH) and a stabilization check. The stabilization
feature eliminates errors caused by changes in temperature and
response time of the glass electrode. To change these settings, refer to
Section 5.9.
1. From the main display, press any key to obtain the main menu. With
the cursor on "Calibrate", press Enter (F4). With the cursor on "Buffer
calibration", press Enter (F4) again.
Buffer calibration
Standardize pH
Adjust temperature
Exit
Enter
4.02 pH
Autocal buffer 1
Abort
Cont
4.02 pH
Buffer 1 -- “Wait”
Abort
16
Cont
NOTE
The hold mode screen (top left) will appear if the hold mode was
enabled in Section 5.6. Activate hold mode by pressing Edit (F4),
using the arrow key to change Off to On, and then pressing
Save(F4). The hold mode holds the outputs and relays in a fixed
state to avoid process upsets to a control system. To leave the
hold mode in it's current state, press Cont (F3).
2. With the sensor in the first buffer, press Cont (F3). To cancel the calibration, press Abort (F1).)
The word "Wait" flashes until the sensor is stabilized.
The controller is waiting for the pH reading to stabilize within the
parameters established in Section 5.9. If the controller appears to be
locked at this stage, the reading is not stable enough. Increase the
stabilize pH and/or decrease the stabilize time and retry the calibration.
Press Abort (F1) to cancel the calibration if it appears to be taking too
long.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.02 pH
Buf1 done: 4.01 @25°C
Abort
Cont
3. A screen like the one on the left will appear after stabilization.
Use the arrow keys to select the correct buffer.
If the correct buffer does not appear, refer to Section 5.9 and select
a buffer group that includes the desired buffers. As usual, to cancel
the calibration, press Abort (F1).
When the correct buffer is shown, remove the sensor from buffer 1,
rinse and gently dry it. Press Cont (F3) to continue.
NOTE
The calibration calculation does not occur until buffer 2 is completed. Aborting the calibration at this point will not change the
reading of the controller.
10.02 pH
Autocal buffer 2
Abort
Cont
10.02 pH
Buf2 done: 10.01 @25°C
Abort
Cont
4. This screen appears immediately after pressing the Cont key in
step 3.
Place the sensor into the second buffer. Press Cont (F3) to proceed.
The word "Wait" flashes (as before) until the sensor is stabilized.
Press Abort (F1) to cancel the calibration if the process is taking too
long. (see step 2).
5. A screen like the one on the left will appear after stabilization. Use the
arrow keys to select the correct buffer, and press Cont (F3). If
the correct buffer does not appear, refer to Section 5.9 and select a
buffer group that includes the desired buffers. As usual, to cancel the
calibration, press Abort (F1).
This completes the calibration. The controller has now recalculated
the slope and the zero offset of the sensor.
CALIBRATION NOTES
1. A two-point calibration should always be followed by a single-point calibration (see Section 4.4).
10.02 pH
2. After a buffer calibration, the electrode slope value can be
checked to see if the electrode is aging.
Auto buffer cal done
3. If the sensor is not at the same temperature as the buffer the calibration will be in error.
Abort
Cont
NOTE
If hold mode was turned ON, be certain to install the sensor back
in the process and change the setting to OFF to resume normal
operation before leaving the controller. The hold mode screen
will appear again before the main display is shown. Follow the
same routine as in the Note for step 1 to turn the Hold Mode Off
and then press Exit (F1).
17
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.3 MANUAL TWO-POINT CALIBRATION
This procedure is followed if Autocal is set to "Manual" in Section 5.9.
Buffer values are entered manually and no stabilization check is used.
2-pt calibration
Standardize pH
Adjust temperature
1. From the main display, press any key to obtain the main menu. With
the cursor on "Calibrate", press Enter (F4). With the cursor on "2-pt
Calibration", press Enter (F4) again.
NOTE
Exit
Enter
2 . Place the sensing portion of the pH sensor into a beaker containing
the first buffer solution. The large displayed pH shows the actual pH.
4.01 pH
3. Allow the pH and temperature to stabilize. This may take several minutes, as the pH sensor may need to cool down to the buffer temperature. The display will flash “wait’ while the reading is stabilizing.
When the pH reading is stable, press Cont (F3) to update the reading. Press Edit (F4) and use the arrow keys to change the indicated
buffer value to the correct value for the buffer at the stabilized temperature. The pH values at various temperatures are written on the
label of most buffer bottles.
Calibrate point 1
Abort
Cont
4. Press Pt 2 (F3) to enter Buffer 1 into memory and proceed to buffer
2 (pt. 2) calibration.
4.01 pH
NOTE
Pt. 1: 04.00pH 25°C
Pt 2
Press Abort (F1) to cancel buffer calibration and return to the calibration menu.
Edit
5. Remove the sensor from buffer 1 and rinse in water.
10.01 pH
6. Place the pH sensor into a beaker containing the second buffer solution.
7. Allow the pH and temperature to stabilize (as before) and press Cont
(F3). The display will flash “wait’ while the reading is stabilizing.
Calibrate point 2
Abort
The Hold Mode screen may appear if the feature was enabled in
Section 5.6. Changing the Hold Mode to ON holds the outputs in
a fixed state, and avoids process upsets during calibration.
8. Enter the correct value for buffer 2 as described in step 3 and press
Save (F4) to complete the calibration. Reinstall the sensor.
Cont
CALIBRATION NOTES
1. A two-point calibration should always be followed by a single-point calibration (see Section 4.4)
2. After a buffer calibration, the electrode slope value can be
checked to see if the electrode is aging.
10.01 pH
3. If the sensor is not at the same temperature as the buffer the calibration will be in error.
2-pt calibration done
Esc
18
Save
4. If the hold mode is ON, be certain to reinstall the sensor in the
process and change the setting to OFF to return to normal operation.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.4 SINGLE-POINT pH CALIBRATION
A single-point calibration (standardization) should always be performed
following a two-point calibration. It may have to be performed as often as
once a day to ensure that the sensor is accurately reading pH. As the
glass electrode or the porous reference plug fouls and ages, the pH reading will drift. The single-point calibration re-establishes the exact pH reading. Experience with your process and it's acceptable range of pH will dictate how often the single-point calibration will have to be performed. The
procedure is most easily performed on-line by determining the pH of a
process grab sample with a laboratory instrument. This value can then be
entered into the Model 54e pH/ORP to make it agree with the lab instrument.
Many processes have effects on on-line sensors that cause them to read
slightly different than grab samples measured with laboratory electrodes.
Standardizing the controller allows both readings to agree. This procedure does not calculate the sensor slope.
1. Take a grab sample that is as close to the sensor as possible.
2. Using a calibrated pH instrument with automatic temperature compensation, determine the pH of the process or grab sample (as close
to actual process temperature as possible). Continue with this procedure if an adjustment is needed.
3. From the main display, press any key to obtain the main menu. With
the cursor on "Calibrate", press Enter (F4).
Buffer calibration
Standardize
Adjust temperature
Exit
NOTE
Enter
The Hold Mode screen may appear if the feature was enabled in
section 5.6. Changing the Hold Mode to ON holds the outputs in
a fixed state, and avoids process upsets during calibration.
Remember to change the Hold Mode back to OFF when calibration is completed.
4. Move the cursor (using the down arrow key) from "Buffer Calibration"
(or 2-pt calibration) to "Standardize" and press Enter (F4).
5. The pH reading in large numbers is the live process pH reading. The
next line displays the pH reading when this screen was first
accessed. Press Edit (F4) to perform the standardize.
7.01 pH
Standardize: 7.01 pH
Exit
Enter
Use the arrow keys to change the second line standardize value to
the correct pH and press Save (F4) to complete the procedure. Esc
(F3) will cancel.
The pH reading in the large display will change to the new value and
the zero offset number will be recalculated.
4.01 pH
NOTE
Standardize: +07.00 pH
Esc
Before exiting the calibration mode, remember to change the
hold mode setting to OFF (if it was turned on in step 3).
Save
19
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.5 TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION OPTIONS
Adjust temperature
Temp compensation
pH slope
Exit
Enter
Temp comp: Auto
Manual temp: 025.0°C
Exit
Enter
Automatic Temperature Compensation is a standard option for pH equipment and is used in virtually all pH measurement situations. If compensation is not desired, the temperature signal from the sensor can be
ignored by placing the controller in the manual temperature compensation mode.
Manual mode allows the input of a fixed value that will be used instead of
the sensor value. The manual temperature value need only be entered if
the temperature compensation setting is manual. In this case, a value
may be entered between -15 and 120°C (5 and 248°F).
To change these settings, obtain the top screen by pressing Enter (F4)
when Calibrate is highlighted in the main menu and then press the arrow
key. Press Enter (F4) again to obtain the lower screen. Highlight the
desired item and press Edit (F4) and change the value as needed.
Options are Auto or Manual temperature compensation and the temperature values listed above. Press Save (F4) to save the change. Esc (F3)
will cancel the change.
NOTE
When the temperature compensation setting is manual, all temperature specific faults are disabled.
4.6 pH SLOPE ADJUSTMENT
Temp compensation
pH slope
Output trim
Exit
Enter
pH slope: 59.16 mV/pH
The slope of the glass electrode is normally calculated during buffer calibration. It can, however, be entered directly (if known) using this procedure. A new electrode has a slope of about 59 mV/pH but as it ages the
slope will decrease. A slope value below 47 mV/pH unit is a sign of an
aged electrode and is not considered adequate for calibration. The pH
slope can also be viewed on the diagnostic variables screen.
Use the procedure in Section 4.5 to obtain the screen to the left with "pH
slope" highlighted. Press Enter (F4) to display the slope value now being
used. Press Edit (F4) for editing and then change the value as needed.
Save the new value with Save (F4).
Acceptable slope values are between 45.0 and 60.0 mV/pH.
NOTE
Before exiting the calibration mode, if the Hold Mode is ON, be
certain to change the setting to OFF to resume normal operation.
Exit
20
Enter
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 4.0
CALIBRATION
4.7 HOLD MODE
Placing the Controller on Hold for Maintenance. Before performing maintenance or repair of the sensor, the Controller can be placed in hold (refer
to Section 5.6 to enable this feature) to prevent process upsets while the
reading is off-line. This will place the current outputs into the selected
default states (see Section 5.6). The relays will act as selected in relay
default, see Section 5.7.
7.00 pH
Hold Mode: Off
Exit
Cont
Edit
7.00 pH
Before removing the sensor from the process, press any key and then
Enter (F4). When the hold mode has been enabled, the hold mode
screen (on the left) will appear prior to calibration. To continue without
putting the controller in hold, simply press Cont (F3). To put the controller
in hold, press Edit (F4), use the arrow key to change the "Off" to "On" and
press Save (F4).
NOTE
26.2°C
12.0mA
Hold Mode Activated
When the Hold Mode is activated ("On"), "Hold Mode Activated"
will always appear on the bottom line of the display.
Always calibrate after cleaning or repair of the pH sensor. After installing
the sensor back into the process, always change the Hold Mode setting
to OFF.
4.8 TRIM OUTPUTS
The instrument’s current outputs may be calibrated (trimmed) if necessary. If either the power board or the CPU board is replaced, the outputs
must be calibrated. To perform this procedure, a calibrated meter must be
connected to the output being calibrated.
Temp compensation
pH slope
Output trim
Exit
Enter
To perform an output calibration, from the main display press any key to
obtain the main menu. With the cursor on “calibrate,” press Enter (F4).
With the cursor on “Output trim,” press Enter (F4) again. Select “Trim output 1” or “Trim output 2” as appropriate.
Press Edit (F4) to select Cal point 1 (4 mA expected and simulated) or Cal
point 2 (20 mA expected and simulated). Adjust the Meter value to match
the reading of the calibrated meter connected to the output. Press Enter
(F4) to complete the calibration.
21
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
This section contains the following:
• An introduction to using the configuration process
• A List of Settings for the controller
• Step-by-step instructions and explanations for each parameter on the List
INTRODUCTION TO CONFIGURATION
The controller arrives from the factory configured and ready to operate as a pH controller. Refer to Appendix A for ORP measurements.
Figure 5-1 is an outline of the menu structure. Before attempting any changes refer to the parameter setup list shown in Table
5-1. This table presents a brief description and the possible options.
The factory setting is listed with a space for the user setting. It is recommended that the list be carefully reviewed before any
changes are made.
On initial configuration, it is recommended that the parameters be entered in the order shown on the worksheet. This will reduce
the chance of accidentally omitting a needed parameter.
TABLE 5-1. pH Settings List
ITEM
CHOICES
FACTORY SETTINGS
USER SETTINGS
0 - 14 pH
0 - 14 pH
0 - 14 pH
0.00 pH
14.00 pH
14.00 pH
_______
_______
_______
0 - 14 pH
0 - 14 pH
–15 - 130°C
–15 - 130°C
0.00 pH
14.00 pH
0.0°C
100.0°C
_______
_______
_______
_______
PROGRAM LEVEL (Sections 5.1 - 5.3)
A. Alarm Setpoints (Section 5.2)
1. Alarm 1 (low action)
2. Alarm 2 (high action)
3. Alarm 3 (high action)
B. Output Setpoints (Section 5.1, 5.3)
1. Output 1: 4 mA
2. Output 1: 20 mA
3. Output 2: 4 mA
4. Output 2: 20 mA
CONFIGURE LEVEL (Sections 5.5-5.9)
A. Display (Section 5.5)
1. Measurement type
2. pH Resolution
3. Temperature Units
4. Output 1 Units
5. Output 2 Units
6. Language
7. Main display lower left
8. Main display lower right
9. Display contrast
10. Test Timeout
11. Timeout Value
B. Outputs (Section 5.6)
1. Output 1 Control
(a) Output 1 Measurement
(b) Output1 Control Mode
2a. Output 1 Setup (Normal)
(a) Current Range
(b) Dampening
(c) Hold Mode
(d) Fixed Hold Value (if (c) Fixed)
(e) Fault value
22
pH/ORP/Redox
pH
0.01 pH/0.1 pH
0.01 pH
°C/°F
°C
mA/% (of full scale)
mA
mA/% (of full scale)
mA
English/Français/Español/Deutsch/Italiano
English
See Section 5.5
Alarm 1 Setpoint
See Section 5.5
Alarm 2 Setpoint
0-9 (9 darkest)
5
On/Off
On
1-60 min
10 min
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
Process/Temp/Glass Imp/Ref Imp
Normal/PID
Process (pH)
Normal
_______
_______
4-20 mA/0-20 mA
0-299 Sec
Last value/Fixed value
0-22 mA
0-22 mA
4-20 mA
0 Sec
Last value
21 mA
22 mA
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
Continued on the following page
_______
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
TABLE 5-1. pH Settings List (continued)
ITEM
2b. Output 1 Setup (PID)
(a) Setpoint
(b) Proportional
(c) Integral
(d) Derivative
(e) LRV (4 mA)
(f) URV (20 mA)
3. Output 2 Control
(a) Output 2 Measurement
(b) Output 2 Control Mode
4a. Output 2 Setup (Normal)
(a) Current Range
(b) Dampening
(c) Hold Mode
(d) Fixed Hold Value (if (c) Fixed)
(e) Fault value
4b. Output 2 Setup (PID)
(a) Setpoint
(b) Proportional
(c) Integral
(d) Derivative
(e) LRV (4 mA)
(f) URV (20 mA)
5. Hold (Outputs and Relays)
C. Alarms (Section 5.7)
1. Alarm 1 Control
(a) Activation Method
(b) Alarm 1 Control Mode
2a. Alarm 1 Setup (Normal)
(a) Configuration
(b) Hysteresis (deadband)
(c) Delay Time
(d) Relay Fault
2b. Alarm 1 Setup (TPC)
(a) Setpoint
(b) Proportional
(c) Integral
(d) Derivative
(e) Time Period
(f) LRV (100% On)
(g) URV (100% Off)
(h) Relay Fault
3. Alarm 2 Control
(a) Activation Method
(b) Alarm 2 Control Mode
4a. Alarm 2 Setup (Normal)
(a) Configuration
(b) Hysteresis (deadband)
(c) Delay Time
(d) Relay Fault
4b. Alarm 2 Setup (TPC)
(a) Setpoint
(b) Proportional
(c) Integral
(d) Derivative
(e) Time Period
(f) LRV (100% On)
(g) URV (100% Off)
(h) Relay Fault
Continued on the following page
RANGES
FACTORY SETTINGS
USER SETTINGS
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
0-299.9%
0-2999 sec
0-299.9%
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
7 pH
100.0%
0 sec
0.0%
2 pH
0 pH
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
Process/Temp/Glass Imp/Ref Imp
Normal/PID
Temperature
Normal
_______
_______
4-20 mA/0-20 mA
0-255 Sec
Last value/Fixed value
0-22 mA
0-22 mA
4-20 mA
0 Sec
Last value
21 mA
22 mA
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
0-299.9%
0-2999 sec
0-299.9%
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
Disable/Enable/ 20 min timeout
7 pH
100.0%
0 sec
0.0%
2 pH
0 pH
Disable feature
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
Process/Temp
Normal/TPC
Process
Normal
_______
_______
Low alarm/High alarm/Off
0 - 5.00 pH
0-99 sec
Open/Closed/None
Low
0.01 pH
0 sec
None
_______
_______
_______
_______
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
0-299.9%
0-2999 sec
0-299.9%
10-2999 sec
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
None/Open/Closed
7 pH
100.0%
0 sec
0.0%
30 sec
2 pH
0 pH
None
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
Process/Temp
Normal/TPC
Process
Normal
_______
_______
Low alarm/High alarm/Off
0 - 5.00 pH
0-99 sec
Open/Closed/None
High
0.01 pH
0 sec
None
_______
_______
_______
_______
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
0-299.9%
0-2999 sec
0-299.9%
10-2999 sec
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
None/Open/Closed
7 pH
100.0%
0 sec
0.0%
30 sec
2 pH
0 pH
None
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
23
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
TABLE 5-1. pH Settings List (continued)
ITEM
5. Alarm 3 Control
(a) Activation Method
(b) Alarm 3 Control Mode
6a. Alarm 3 Setup (Normal)
(a) Configuration
(b) Hysteresis (deadband)
(e) Delay Time
(d) Relay Fault
6b. Alarm 3 Setup (TPC)
(a) Setpoint
(b) Proportional
(c) Integral
(d) Derivative
(e) Time Period
(f) LRV (100% On)
(g) URV (100% Off)
(h) Relay Fault
7. Alarm 4 Control
(a) Alarm
8. Feed Limit Timer
(a) Feed Limit
(b) Timeout Value
C. Alarms (Section 5.7)
9. Interval Timer
(a) Timer (selection)
(b) Timer (activation method)
(c) Interval
(d) Repeats
(e) On Time
(f) Off Time
(g) Recovery
RANGES
FACTORY SETTINGS
USER SETTINGS
Process/Temp
Normal/TPC
Process
Normal
_______
_______
Low alarm/High alarm/Off
0 - 5.00 pH
0-99 sec
Open/Closed/None
High
0.01 pH
0 sec
None
_______
_______
_______
_______
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
0-299.9%
0-2999 sec
0-299.9%
10-2999 sec
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
-2 to 16 pH or -15 to 130°C
None/Open/Closed
7 pH
100.0%
0 sec
0.0%
30 sec
2 pH
0 pH
None
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
Fault/Off
Fault
_______
Disable/alarm 1/alarm 2/alarm 3
0-10,800 sec
Disable
3600 sec
_______
_______
Disable/alarm 1/alarm 2/alarm 3
Time activated/Imped. activated
0-999.9 hr
1-60
0-2999 sec
0-2999 sec
0-999 sec
Disable
Time activated
24.0 hr
1
120 sec
1 sec
600 sec
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
_______
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
_______
_______
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
_______
_______
000 (no security)
_______
Manual/Standard/DIN 19267
.01-.50 pH
0-30 sec
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
_______
_______
_______
000-999
000-999
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
_______
_______
000-999
000 (no security)
_______
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
000 (no security)
_______
_______
_______
D. Diagnostics (Section 5.8)
1. Diagnostics (Glass and Reference)
On/Off
2. Glass Imp(edance) High Setpoint
0-2000 MOhms (0 disables)
3. Glass Imp(edance) Low Setpoint
0-900 MOhms (0 disables)
4. Ref(erence) Imp(edance) High
0-140 KOhms (0 disables)
5. Zero Offset
0-999 mV (0 disables)
6. Cal(ibration) Warn(ing)
0-500% (0 disables)
7. Imped(ance Temperature) Comp(ensation)
On/Off
E. Auto Calibration (Section 5.9)
1. Autocal (Buffer List Selection)
2. Stabilize pH (Auto Calibration)
3. Stabilization Time (Auto Calibration)
F. Security (Section 7.1)
1. Lock all
2. Lock Program (Lock all except Calibrate)
3. Lock Config. (Lock all except Calibrate,
Output setpoints (PID), Simulated Tests
Alarm Setpoints, and Rerange Outputs)
D. Solution Temperature Compensation (Section 7.3)
1. Temp(erature) Coeff(icient)
-0.044 to 0.028pH/°C
2. Operate Iso(potential pH)
-1.35 to 20.12 pH
3. Sensor Iso(potential)
0-14 pH
By changing the standard output configuration, you can set up the Model 54e pH/ORP to perform a wide variety of control and monitoring tasks.
The configuration procedures allow you to program the controller to meet the specific control and monitoring requirements of your particular
plant. This is done by recording the desired configuration parameters on the List of Settings Form and then actually configuring them by using
the keys on the controller front panel.
24
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
Accessing Calibrate, Program and Configure Menus.
Operating configuration changes are made at the levels
shown in Figure 5-1. Pressing any key from the main display will access the main menu (top left). Refer to
Appendix A for ORP measurements.
Level 1 Calibrate. To access calibration selections from
the main menu, with the cursor on "Calibrate" press Enter
(F4). All buffer calibration, pH standardization and temperature adjustments are made at this level (refer to
Section 4.0 for these procedures).
Level 2 Program. To access the program level from the
main menu, place the cursor over "Program" with the
down arrow key. Then press Enter (F4). From the program
level menu, changes can be made to the alarm setpoints
and the output setpoints.
Level 3 Configure. To access the configure level from the
main menu place cursor over "Program" and Enter (F4),
then place cursor over "Configure" and Enter (F4). This
level contains advanced selections, such as alarms, diagnostics, autocal and others.
Blank
Out 2
R1
GI
In
AL2
AL3
FIGURE 5-1. Outline of Menu Levels
25
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.1 CHANGING ALARM SETPOINTS
This section describes how the three alarm setpoints can be changed.
Move the cursor down by pressing the arrow key.
Alarm setpoints
Output setpoints
Simulate tests
Exit
Enter
2. Select the desired alarm by moving the cursor down to highlight it.
When the correct alarm is highlighted, press Enter (F4) to get to the
adjustment screen.
Alarm 1 setpoint
Alarm 2 setpoint
Alarm 3 setpoint
Exit
1. From the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program" and press
Enter (F4). On the next display, with the cursor on "Alarm setpoints",
press Enter (F4).
In this example we have pressed the arrow key down once to access
the alarm 2 setpoint.
Enter
NOTE
There are 2 different possible screens at the next point, depending on whether the alarm has been configured as normal or TPC.
Alarm High: 14.00pH
Exit
Enter
26
After the Edit (F4) key is pressed, use the arrow keys to change the
display to the desired setpoint and press Save (F4) to enter into
memory. The plus (+) sign can be changed to a minus sign by pressing the down arrow key when the (+) is highlighted. To abort the
change, press Esc (F3) to return to the previous menu.
3b. (TPC alarm only). When the alarm has been configured as TPC, the
setpoint is used for the TPC calculation of how long the alarm should
stay on. The "Enter" key has now changed to the "Edit" key and will
allow changing the setpoint once the F4 key has been pressed. If
the setpoint is ok, then press Exit (F1).
Setpoint: 07.00 pH
Exit
3a. (normal alarm). The setpoint now being used for this alarm and the
kind of alarm (high or low) are displayed. If the alarm has been
turned off, then "off" will be displayed instead of "High". The "Enter"
key has now changed to the "Edit" key and will allow changing the
setpoint once the F4 key has been pressed. If the setpoint is ok,
then press Exit (F1).
Edit
After the F4 key is pressed, use the arrow keys to change the display to the desired setpoint and press Save (F4) to enter into memory. The plus + sign can be changed to a minus sign by pressing the
down arrow key. To abort the change, press Esc (F3) to return to the
previous menu.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.2 CHANGING OUTPUT SETPOINTS (PID ONLY)
This section describes how the two output setpoints can be changed.
This selection is only active if the current output control mode has been
set to "PID" (see Section 5.6). If the control mode is set to "normal",
then "Not applicable" will be displayed. For reranging outputs, go to
Section 5.3.
Alarm setpoints
Output setpoints
Simulate tests
Exit
Enter
Output 1 setpoints
Output 2 setpoints
Exit
2. Highlight the desired Output setpoints and press Enter (F4).
Enter
3. The setpoint now being used is displayed. Press Edit (F4) and use
the arrow keys to change the display to the new value.
Setpoint: 7.00 pH
4mA: 0.00 pH
20mA: 2.00 pH
Exit
4 mA is the deviation from setpoint that will result in a 4 mA out. 20
mA is the deviation from setpoint that will result in a 20 mA setpoint.
Highlight the desired item and press Edit 4 and the arrow keys to
change the display to the new value.
Enter
Setpoint: + 06.90 pH
Exit
1. From the main display, press any key to obtain the main menu. With
the down arrow key, move the cursor to "Program" and press Enter
(F4). With the cursor on "Output setpoints" (as on the left), press
Enter (F4).
Enter
Example: A setpoint of 6 pH with a URV of +2 and a LRV of 0.0 pH.
When the pH is 7, the output will be (7 - 6)/(2 - 0) = 50% of range (12
mA). If the setpoint is changed to 6.5 pH, the output will be 7 - 6.5)/(2
- 0) = 25% of range (8 mA).
4. Press Save (F4) to enter into memory or Esc (F3) to abort the
change.
The Control setpoint is typically the condition where the current output is
at a minimum. The P and I control calculations use the setpoint to adjust
the current output to the desired level based on the parameters established in Section 5.6.
27
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.3 CHANGING OUTPUT SETPOINTS (NORMAL ONLY)
This section describes how the 4 (or 0) to 20 mA current outputs can be
reranged. Note that the current outputs can be configured to represent
pH, temperature, glass impedance, or reference impedance. See
Section 5.6 for details on configuration.
Alarm setpoints
Output setpoints
Simulated test
Exit
Enter
1. From the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program" and press
Enter (F4). On this display, move the cursor to "Rerange outputs"
and press Enter (F4).
2. Select the desired output by moving the cursor down to highlight it.
When the correct output is highlighted, press Enter (F4) to get to the
adjustment screen.
Output 1
Output 2
Exit
Enter
3. This message asks for confirmation of the requested change.
Changes in these settings may degrade process control, so use caution when making changes. Press Enter (F4) to continue. Otherwise
press Abort (F1).
CAUTION: Current
Output 1 will be
affected.
Exit
Enter
4 mA: 0.00 pH
20 mA: 14.00 pH
Output 1: 12.00 mA
Exit
Enter
This screen allows changing the setpoints for output 1. A similar screen
is available for output 2. The live current output now being transmitted
by the controller is shown on the third line.
4. Press Edit (F4) to make changes in the setpoints. The Edit key
changes to a Save key and the F3 key becomes active as an Esc
key. Use the arrow keys to make the display read the desired values for the high and low current output limits. When done, press
Save (F4) to enter the changes into memory. Press Esc (F3) to cancel changes.
NOTE
4 mA: +00.00 pH
20 mA: 14.00 pH
Output 1: 12.00 mA
Esc
28
Save
Outputs that have been configured as 0-20 mA in Section 5.6,
will show 0 mA instead of 4 mA on the top line. Outputs that are
based on temperature or impedance values will show matching
units such as °C, MΩ, or kΩ. See Section 5.6 for output configuration.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.4 TESTING OUTPUTS AND ALARMS
This section describes how the current outputs and alarm relays can be
manually set for the purposes of checking devices such as valves,
pumps, or recorders.
Alarm setpoints
Output setpoints
Simulated tests
Exit
Enter
Test output 1
Test output 2
Test alarm 1
1. From the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program" and press
Enter 4. On this display, move the cursor to "Simulated tests" and
press Enter 4.
2. At this point there are six separate screens for testing each of the
current outputs and each of the alarm relays. Highlight the desired
item by pressing the arrow b t keys as needed.
Exit
Enter
When the desired item is highlighted, press Enter 4 to continue.
Go to step 3a for outputs and 3b for alarms.
NOTE
Test alarm 2
Test alarm 3
Test alarm 4
Exit
Enter
Test output 1: 10.00 mA
Simulating output1
Exit
Edit
Test output 1: 10.00 mA
Esc
A cautionary message will appear to warn that the output or alarm that was selected will be changed by the following action. Be sure to alert plant personnel that
these changes are simulated and do not represent a
change in the actual process. Press Enter 4 to continue or Abort 1 to cancel the simulation.
3a. The output is now being simulated. In the example to the left, output 1 has been set to 10.00 mA. The output will remain at 10.00 mA
until either Exit 1 (or Edit 4 see below) is pressed or the test is
concluded by timeout. The default value for the timeout is 10 minutes, so after 10 minutes, the output would go back to normal operation. To configure the timeout option, see Section 5.5.
If the displayed current is not the desired value, press the Edit 4
key and the next screen will allow changing the value. Use the arrow
keys to change the display as needed, and press Test 4 to use that
value. Press Esc 3 to cancel the change in the value and continue simulating the previous current.
Test
29
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.4 TESTING OUTPUTS AND ALARMS (continued)
Test alarm 1: Open
Simulating alarm1
Exit
Edit
3b. The alarm relay is now being simulated. In the example to the left,
alarm 1 has been set to Open. This means that the relay is not energized (i.e. off). The alarm will remain open until either Exit 1 or Edit
4 is pressed or the test is concluded by timeout. The default value
for the timeout is 10 minutes, so after 10 minutes, the alarm would
go back to normal operation and the display will return to the main
menu. To configure the timeout option, see Section 5.5.
If the displayed alarm action is not as desired, press the Edit 4 key
and the next screen will allow changing it. Use the arrow keys to
change the display as needed, and press Test 4 to enter the
change. Press Esc 3 to cancel the change in the value and continue simulating the previous action.
Test alarm 1: Open
NOTE
Exit
30
More
Enter
Alarm relays may be simulated in the energized
(Closed) position or the de-energized (Open) position.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.5 CHOOSING DISPLAY OPTIONS
This section describes the options available for the changing of engineering
units and variables on the main display.
Display
Outputs
Alarms
1. From the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program" and press
Enter 4. From the program menu, move the cursor down using the
arrow key to highlight "Configure" and press Enter 4.
Exit
The first configuration menu is displayed. With the cursor on "Display"
press Enter 4.
Enter
2.
Measure: pH
Resolution: 0.01
Temp Units: °C
Exit
0.01pH/0.1pH
Temperature units
Output 1: mA
Output 2: mA
Language: English
°C/°F
The values now being used by the controller are displayed. To change
any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the desired item and
press Edit(F4). Use the arrow keys to make the change and press Save
(F4) to enter the change into memory.
WARNING
Changing the measurement selection from pH to ORP or
ORP to pH will reset all controller settings to factory values.
Press Abort (F1) to cancel the change. Press Cont (F3) to
change the measurement. Refer to Appendix A for more
about ORP measurements.
Cont
3.
Menu Item
Options
Output 1 units
mA/%
Output 2 units
mA/%
Language
English/Français/Español/Deutsch/Italiano
Edit
Display left:
AL1
Display right: AL2
Display contrast: 5
Exit
pH/ORP/Redox
Resolution (pH only)
Enter
Exit
Options
Measure
WARNING: This
change resets analyzer
to factory settings
Abort
Menu Item
Edit
Press the arrow key three times to access this screen. The current outputs can be displayed as milliamps or as percent of full scale. The default
is mA. To change any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the
desired item and press Edit (F4). Use the arrow keys to make the change
and press Save (F4) to enter the change into memory.
Further menu items are available by pressing the arrow key repeatedly.
When the display is highlighting the item on the third line, the end of the
menu has been reached. To back up within the menu, use the up arrow
key.
Measure: pH
Resolution: 0.01
Temp Units: °C
Exit
Enter
31
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.5 CHOOSING DISPLAY OPTIONS (CONTINUED)
Display left:
AL1
Display right: AL2
Display contrast: 5
Exit
Edit
4. This screen allows you to choose the items displayed on the third line
left and right of the main display screen. The process temperature
and output 1 value (in mA or %) are always shown on line 2 of the
main display. This screen allows you to make the following choices:
Lower Left of Main Display
Lower Right of Main Display
• AL 1 (alarm 1 setpoint - no units shown)
• AL 2 (alarm 2 setpoint - no units shown)
• AL 3 (alarm 3 setpoint - no units shown)
• AL 3 (alarm 3 setpoint - no units shown)
• In (sensor mV input)
• In (sensor mV input)
• GI (glass impedance in Megohms)
• RI (reference impedance in Kohms)
• RO (reference offset in mV)
• Out 2 (Output 2 value in mA or %)
• Slp (slope of glass in mV/pH no units shown)
• Blank (nothing displayed in lower right)
• Blank (nothing displayed in lower left)
Display left:
AL1
Display right: AL2
Display contrast: 5
Esc
Save
The "Display contrast" selection allows the display to be made lighter
or darker. Entry 0 is the lightest and 9 is the darkest. The display
changes as the number is changed.
To change any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the
desired item and press Edit 4. Use the arrow keys to make the
change and press Save 4 to enter the change into memory. Press
Esc 3 to abort.
5. The timeout feature works on both the display and simulated tests
using the current outputs and alarm relays.
Display contrast: 5
Timeout: On
Timeout Value: 10 min
Exit
Edit
The display timeout will return the display to the main display screen
(from any other screen) if no key is pressed before the timeout value.
This is useful because the main display screen is usually the most
important screen to the operator.
The timeout feature also allows simulating the current output and
alarm actions with an automatic return to normal operation. When the
feature is turned on (the default), simulated tests (see Section 5.4 for
details) will be completed automatically when the timeout value is
reached.
As before, to change these settings, use the arrow key to highlight the
desired item and press Edit 4. Use the arrow keys to make the
change and press Save 4 to enter the change into memory. Press
Esc 3 to abort.
SECURITY CAUTION
The Timeout Value is also used by the controller to activate security (Section 7.1). After unlocking the controller
by entering a security code, security is not re-activated
unless a display timeout occurs. If Timeout has been
turned off here, security will never re-activate.
32
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.6 CHANGING OUTPUT PARAMETERS
Display
Outputs
Alarms
Exit
Enter
This section describes the options available for configuration of the outputs. Each output can be configured to represent pH (or ORP/Redox, see
Appendix A), temperature, glass impedance, or reference impedance. In
addition, each output can be linear (normal) or nonlinear (PID). Several
options for both modes of outputs can be configured. This section
describes the features and shows how to make modifications in the settings.
1. Beginning from the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program"
and press Enter 4. From the program menu, move the cursor down
using the arrow key b to highlight "Configure" and press Enter 4.
Use the arrow key again to highlight "Outputs" (as shown on the left)
and press Enter 4.
Output 1 control
Output 1 setup
Output 2 control
Exit
2. There are 5 menu headers that relate to outputs. Each output has a
control header and a setup header. In addition, the hold feature is
turned on here. The hold feature is mostly used to prevent upsets during buffer calibration of the pH sensor.
To access each header, highlight the desired item and press the Enter
4 key. To select another header, use the arrow keys. The bottom
menu header will only be highlighted if the end of the menu has been
reached.
Enter
Output 2 control
Output 2 setup
Hold feature setup
Exit
NOTE
Edit
Output Control Parameters
Output Measurement
Control Mode
Exit
Enter
Output: Process
Exit
Always configure the control parameters BEFORE making changes in the output setup. Changes in the output
setup in step 4 will depend on the options that have been
selected in step 3.
Edit
3.
Menu Item
Output Measurement
Control Mode
Options
Process/Temperature/Ref
Impedance/Glass Impedance
Normal/PID
Each output can be configured with the options above. The default
options are that output 1 is Process (pH or ORP/Redox), output 2 is
Temperature and that both outputs are Normal (not PID). This is the
most common configuration and may not require changes. If no
changes are desired, skip to step 4.
To make changes in these parameters, highlight the desired menu
header and press Enter 4. The value now being used is displayed
and the F4 key can be pressed to Edit the item. Once Edit has been
pressed, change the item as needed and then press Save 4 to
store the value. Repeat for the other output and/or items as needed.
33
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.6 CHANGING OUTPUT PARAMETERS (continued)
Output Setup Parameters
(for Normal Outputs)
4a.
Menu Item
Options
Range
4-20mA/0-20mA
Dampen(ing)
Hold
Range: 4-20 mAl
Dampen: 0 sec
Hold: Last Value
Exit
Last value/fixed value
Fixed Hold (if Output 1 hold is "fixed value")
0-22.00 mA
Fault (fixed value in a fault condition)
0-22.00 mA
These parameters can be adjusted by highlighting the desired item
and pressing the Edit 4 key. Once Edit has been pressed, change
the item as needed and then press Save 4 to store the value.
Edit
"Range" determines whether the 4-20mA or 0-20 mA convention is
used for the current output. If the range is changed, be sure to
rerange the outputs as described in Section 5.3.
Hold: Last Value
Fixed Hold: 21.00 mA
Fault: 22.00 mA
Exit
0-299 sec
"Dampening" is used to time-average the current output, smoothing
out the effect of a noisy reading. Higher values provide more smoothing.
Enabling the "hold" feature will give the user the option of placing the
output in hold during the calibration sequence.
Edit
A "fixed value" places the held output at a fixed value between 0
and 22 mA.
Output Setup Parameters
(for PID Outputs only)
Setpoint: 7.00 pH
Proportional: 100.0%
Integral: 0 sec
Exit
34
Menu Item
Setpoint
Proportional
Integral
Derivative
Options
-2 to 16 (pH), ±1400 mV (ORP/Redox)
-15 to 120°C (Temp), 0-140 kΩ(Ref Imp),
0-2000 MΩ(Glass Imp)
0-299.9 %
0-2999 sec
0-299.9 %
Edit
The four parameters above are only available for outputs that have
been configured as PID outputs in step 3. These parameters can be
adjusted using the same technique as in step 4a, by highlighting the
desired item and pressing the Edit 4 key. Once Edit has been
pressed, change the item as needed and then press Save 4 to
store the value.
Derivative: 0.0%
Range: 4-20 mA
Hold: Last Value
Exit
4b.
Use caution in changing the values of these parameters.
Edit
"Setpoint" is usually the desired value at which the process is being
controlled, typically the output will be 4(or 0) mA when the parameter
is near the setpoint. This setting can also be changed using the procedure in Section 5.1.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.6 CHANGING OUTPUT PARAMETERS (continued)
"Proportional" is short for Proportional Band and indicates the range
over which control is being used. It is the opposite of the process gain.
Smaller values provide tighter control.
Fixed Hold: 21.00mA
Fault: 22.00mA
Exit
Edit
"Integral" is the number of seconds over which deviations from the setpoint are integrated to remove continuing offsets. Smaller values provide
higher response.
"Derivative" is a form of control that resists all changes in readings.
Higher readings increase the derivative function. Use caution in setting
the derivative value to prevent process oscillation.
More information regarding PID control can be found in Section 7.0.
Setting these parameters may require some trial and error and should be
tested while the process is being supervised to prevent future upsets.
The rest of the PID output setup parameters are identical to those used
for normal outputs. See step 4a for details .
Hold Feature Setup
5. The Hold feature is used to prevent problems that may occur during
calibration if the current outputs are used for control. The feature is
turned on (enabled) here and is specifically configured in step 4. The
controller starts out with the hold feature turned off (disabled).
Output 2 control
Output 2 setup
Hold feature setup
Exit
To enable the Hold feature, obtain the screen to the left with the hold
feature setup highlighted (see steps 1 and 2 for exact instructions).
Press Enter 4 and the screen below will appear.
Enter
Hold: Disable feature
Exit
Edit
7.00 pH
Hold mode: Off
Exit
Press the Edit 4 key to enable changes. Options include Disable,
Enable, and 20 minute timeout. When 20 minute timeout is selected, the
hold mode will automatically disengage after being on for 20 minutes.
Selecting Enable or 20 minute timeout does not actually put the controller
in hold, but rather allows putting the controller in hold when calibration is
conducted.
Enter
When the hold feature has been enabled, this Hold Mode Screen will
appear when the Calibrate routine is entered. Possible actions are Exit
1 which cancels the calibration, Enter 4 which enters the calibrate
menu without putting the controller in hold, and Edit 4 which allows
turning Hold Mode On. Note that when hold has been enabled, this
screen requires pushing Cont 3 to enter and leave the calibrate menu.
35
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.7 CHANGING ALARM PARAMETERS
This section describes the options available for configuration of the
alarms. Alarms 1, 2, and 3 can be activated on pH (or ORP/Redox, see
Appendix A), or temperature. One of these alarms can be setup as a feed
limit timer and another alarm can be dedicated as an interval timer. Alarm
4 is reserved as a fault alarm.
Outputs
Alarms
Security
Exit
Enter
Alarms that activate on pH (or ORP/Redox) or temperature can be configured as on/off (normal), or TPC. These modes are described below.
The two alarm modes have several configuration options that are
described in detail in this section.
1. Beginning from the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program"
and press Enter 4. From the program menu, move the cursor down
using the arrow key b to highlight "Configure" and press Enter 4.
Use the arrow key again to highlight "Alarms" (as shown on the left)
and press Enter 4.
2. There are 9 menu headers that relate to alarms. Alarms 1, 2, and 3
each have a control header and a setup header. Alarm 4 has a simple setup header. Configuration of a feed limit timer and an interval
timer is also described here.
Alarm 1 control
Alarm 1 setup
Alarm 2 control
Exit
Enter
To access each header, highlight the desired item and press the Enter
4 key. To select another header, use the arrow keys. The bottom
menu header will only be highlighted if the end of the menu has been
reached.
NOTE
Always configure the control parameters BEFORE making changes in the alarm setup. Changes in the output
setup in step 4 will depend on the options that have been
selected in step 3.
Alarm 2 setup
Alarm 3 control
Alarm 3 setup
Exit
Enter
Alarm Modes:
Normal: Alarm turns on when setpoint is exceeded and turns off when
the reading no longer exceeds the setpoint (simple high alarm example).
Fault: Alarm turns on when controller detects a fault condition.
Alarm 4 setup
Feed limit timer
Interval timer
Exit
TPC: Alarm turns on for a time that depends on what the reading is.
The time it stays on is proportional to how far the reading is from the
0% On Time point, also called the setpoint. (time proportional control)
Enter
TPC: Alarm turns on for a time that depends on what the reading is.
The time it stays on is proportional to how far the reading is from the
setpoint (time proportional control). In addition, the "on time" can be
dependent on how long the reading has exceeded the setpoint (integral control) and how fast the reading has actually changed (derivative control).
Feed limit timer: When the alarm has been energized (on) for a long
period, it automatically turns off to prevent overfeeding of chemicals.
36
Interval timer: Alarm is programmed to activate at various times, usually to provide automated cleaning. Useful for spray cleaning and/or
automatic retraction of sensors in processes.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.7 CHANGING ALARM PARAMETERS (continued)
Alarm Control Parameters
3.
Menu Item
Options
Activation Method
Control Mode
Activation Method
Control Mode
Exit
Enter
To make changes in these parameters, highlight the desired menu
header and press Enter 4. The value now being used is displayed
and the F4 key can now be pressed to Edit the item. Once Edit has
been pressed, change the item as needed and then press Save 4 to
store the value. Repeat for the other output and/or items as needed.
Edit
Alarm Setup Parameters
(for Normal Alarms only)
4a.
Menu Item
Alarm (action)
Setpoint
Alarm: Low
Setpoint: 0.01 pH
Delay: 0 sec
Exit
Normal/TPC
Alarms 1, 2, and 3 can each be configured with the options above.
The default options are that all three alarms are Process (pH or
ORP/Redox), and Normal (not TPC). This is a common configuration and may not require changes. If no changes are desired, skip to
step 4a.
Activate: Process
Exit
Process/Temperature
Hysteresis
Delay
Relay default
Enter
Options
Low/High/Off
-1400 to1400 mV, -2.00 to 20.00 pH, 0 to 200°C.
-2.00 to 20.00 pH, 0 to 10°C.
0-99 sec
None/Close/Open
These parameters can be adjusted by highlighting the desired item
and pressing the Edit 4 key. Once Edit has been pressed, change
the item as needed and then press Save 4 to store the value.
"Alarm action" determines whether alarm will activate when the
reading exceeds the setpoint (high alarm) or when it drops below the
setpoint (low action). It can also be turned off (i.e. not used).
Hysteresis: 0.01 pH
Delay: 0 sec
Relay Default: None
Exit
Enter
"Hysteresis" is a deadband that prevents deactivating a relay until
the reading has dropped below the setpoint minus the hysteresis
amount (high alarm example).
"Delay" will delay activation (and deactivation) of the relay for a certain number of seconds. Larger delays can reduce relay chatter.
"Relay Default" determines how the relay will act if there is a fault or
hold condition. Each alarm can be forced on (Close), off (Open) or
can remain unchanged (None). The factory configuration is "None".
37
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.7 CHANGING ALARM PARAMETERS (continued)
Alarm Setup Parameters
(for TPC Alarms)
4b.
Menu Item
Set point
Proportional
Integral
Setpoint: +07.00 pH
Proportional: 100.0%
Integral: 0 sec
Exit
Edit
Derivative: 0.0%
Time period: 30 sec
URV: 2.00 pH
Exit
Enter
URV: 2.00 pH
LRV: 0.00 pH
Relay default: None
Exit
Enter
Derivative
Time period
Options
-2 to 20 pH, -1400 to +1400 mV(ORP/Redox)
0-299.9 %
0-2999 sec
0-299.9 %
10-2999 sec
URV
-2 to 20 pH, -1400 to +1400 mV(ORP/Redox)
LRV
-2 to 20 pH, -1400 to +1400 mV(ORP/Redox)
Relay Default
None/Close/Open
These parameters are available for alarms that have been configured as TPC alarms in step 3. Parameters can be adjusted using the
same technique as in step 4a, by highlighting the desired item and
pressing the Edit 4 key. Once Edit has been pressed, change the
item as needed and then press Save 4 to store the value.
"Setpoint" is usually the desired value at which the process is being
controlled, typically the alarm will not be on very much when the
process is at this value. This setpoint is also accessible in the
Program Menu under "Alarm Setpoints" (see Section 5.2)
"Proportional" is short for Proportional Band and indicates the
range over which control is being used. It is the opposite of the
process gain. Smaller values provide tighter control.
"Integral" is the number of seconds over which deviations from the
setpoint are integrated to remove continuing offsets. Smaller values
provide higher response.
"Derivative" is a form of control that resists all changes in readings.
Higher readings increase the derivative function. Use caution in setting the derivative value to prevent process oscillation.
"Time period" is the cycle time for the TPC control. One cycle consists of an energized (relay on) time and an deenergized (relay off)
time. The relative amounts of on time and off time depends on the
reading and the other settings listed here.
"URV" is the deviation from the setpoint that results in the alarm
being on all the time.
"LRV" is the deviation from the setpoint that results in the alarm being
off all the time. This should be set to 0.00.
EXAMPLE 1: A setpoint of 6 pH with URV of +2.0 pH and LRV of 0.0
pH, a time period of 30 seconds. When the pH is 7.0, the relay will
be on (7-6)/(2-0) = 50% of the time, 15 seconds each time. If the setpoint is changed to 6.5 pH, the relay will be on 7-6.5/(2-0) = 25% of
the time. The relay would then be on for 7 seconds and off for 23 seconds.
"Relay Default" determines how the relay will act if there is a fault or
hold condition. Each alarm can be forced on (Close), off (Open) or
can remain unchanged (None). The original configuration is "None".
38
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.7 CHANGING ALARM PARAMETERS (continued)
CAUTION
Understanding where to set the TPC parameters is not
trivial and is likely to require substantial trial and error to
yield acceptable results. pH and ORP/Redox are nonlinear measurements and applying PID algorithms can
result in unintended effects.
Alarm 4 Setup
5. Alarm 4 is dedicated as a fault alarm. The only option for this alarm
is to enable it or to disable it. To disable the alarm, press Edit 4 and
use the arrow key to change "Fault" to "Off" .
Alarm: Fault
Exit
When a fault condition exists, the relay will energize and the red LED
on the front display will turn on.
Enter
6.
Feed Limit Timer Setup
Menu Item
Feed limit (timer)
Timeout
Feed limit: Disable
Timeout: 3600 sec
Exit
Edit
7.00 pH
26.2°C
12.0mA
Feed limit alarm 1
Options
Disable/AL1/AL2/AL3
0-10,800 sec
The controller allows configuring one of the alarms as a Feed Limit
timer. The Feed Limit timer prevent overfeeding of chemical reagent
by automatically turning the relay off after a timeout period. To enable
this feature, press Edit when the Feed limit is highlighted (as on the
left), use the arrow key to select an alarm relay and then press Save
4.
When a feed limit alarm has timed out, a message will appear on the
main display indicating "Feed limit alarm1" (for an alarm 1 feed limit),
the red LED will turn on, alarm 4 will close (if not turned "Off"), the
selected feed limit relay will open (de-energize), but all other alarms
and current outputs will remain unchanged (i.e. this is not a real fault
condition). This condition will continue until the 2 (Ack) key is
pressed, at which time the controller returns to normal operation and
the feed limit's clock starts again. See Table 6-1, Controller Mode
Priority Chart, for controller action in the event of several modes
occurring at the same time.
NOTE
Pressing the 2 (Ack) key will acknowledge all conditions that turn the red LED on. If another event occurs
after the key is pressed, then the key must be pressed
again to acknowledge the new event. This is the only
way to clear a Feed Limit Timeout.
39
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.7 CHANGING ALARM PARAMETERS (continued)
Interval Timer Setup
7.
Menu Item
Timer (enable)
Timer: Disable
Timer: Time activated
Interval: 24.0 hr
Exit
Edit
Edit
On time: 120 sec
Off time: 1 sec
Recovery: 600 sec
Exit
Disable/AL1/AL2/AL3
0-999.9 hr
Repeats
1-60
On time
1-2999 sec
Off time
0-2999 sec
Recovery
0-999 sec
The Interval Timer is used to automate a relay closure sequence
based on a time interval. See Figure 5-2 for examples. The original
controller configuration disables the timer, so the first step in using
the timer is to select an alarm relay (1, 2, or 3), which will enable the
feature. All parameters can be adjusted by highlighting the desired
item and pressing the Edit 4 key. Once Edit has been pressed,
change the item as needed and then press Save 4 to store the
value.
Repeats: 1
On time: 120 sec
Off time: 1 sec
Exit
Interval
Options
Edit
NOTE
The alarm relay selected for Interval Timer cannot be
used for other purposes such as a process or temperature alarm. While a timer sequence is occurring, both
current outputs will be placed in hold (even if hold was
not enabled in Section 5.6) and the other 2 alarms will be
placed in their default states.
"Interval" determines how often the timer sequence will run. When set to
24 hours, the sequence will run daily.
"Repeats" is the number of times the relay will activate during the
sequence.
"On time" is the number of seconds the relay will stay closed (on) during
each repeat.
"Off time" is the number of seconds the relay will stay open (off) between
each repeat.
"Recovery" is a waiting period after the activation sequence that allows
sensor readings to return to normal before outputs and alarm relays are
taken out of the hold/default states.
For more on the Interval Timer, see Section 6.0, Theory of Operation.
NOTE
The timer can be used for periodic chemical or mechanical cleaning of a coated sensor. If high reference impedance is used to initiate the timer cycle, the reference
impedance set point in Section 5.8 is used.
40
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.7 CHANGING ALARM PARAMETERS (continued)
“On”
Time
(sec)
“On”
Time
(sec)
RELAY
ACTIVATION
Interval
(hr)
RELAY
ACTIVATION
Recovery
(sec)
TIME
Interval
(hr)
TIME
Sequence A: One repeat per cycle
“Off”
Time
(sec)
Recovery
(sec)
Sequence B: Two repeats per cycle
FIGURE 5-2. Interval Timer Examples
41
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.8 ON-LINE DIAGNOSTICS SETUP
This section describes the options available for configuration of the online sensor diagnostics. The controller checks the integrity of the glass
electrode (for pH only) and the reference electrode by continuously measuring the impedance of each. The original controller configuration is with
diagnostic messages turned off. To enable this feature, see below.
Alarms
Diagnostics
Auto Calibration
Exit
Enter
1. Beginning from the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program"
and press Enter (F4). From the program menu, move the cursor down
using the arrow key to highlight "Configure" and press Enter (F4).
Use the arrow key again to highlight "Diagnostics" (as shown on the
left) and press Enter (F4).
Diagnostics: Off
Glass imp hi: 1000 MΩ
Glass imp lo: 20 MΩ
Exit
Edit
Ref imp hi: 140 kΩ
Zero offset: 60 mV
Cal warn: 0%
Exit
Menu Item
Option
Diagnostics
On/Off
Related Fault Messages
Glass impedance
high setpoint
1-2000 MΩ
(0 disables)
“Aged glass warning”
Glass impedance
low setpoint
1-900 MΩ
(0 disables)
“Cracked glass
failure”
Reference impedance
high setpoint
1-140 kΩ
(0 disables)
"High reference
imped"
Zero offset
1-999 mV
(0 disables)
"Zero offset err"
Calibration recommended 1-500%
(0 disables)
"Calibration warning"
Imped comp
On/Off
Edit
The values now being used by the controller are displayed. To change
any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the desired item and
press Edit(F4). Use the arrow keys to make the change and press
Save(F4) to enter the change into memory.
Zero offset; 60 mV
Cal warn: 0%
Imped comp: On
Exit
2.
"Glass Imp hi" warns of a glass electrode that may have exceeded it's
useful life. This warning level should be set higher than the new sensor's
impedance. For example, for a new sensor with a glass impedance of 150
MΩ, a setting of 400 MΩ may be appropriate.
Edit
"Glass Imp lo" warns of a broken glass electrode. This warning level
should be set lower than the new sensor's impedance. A good typical setting would be 20 MΩ.
"Ref imp hi" warns of a coated sensor. This warning level should be set
higher than the new sensor's reference impedance. Sensors may have
reference impedance values that vary considerably, so it is a good idea
to check each new sensor before setting this value.
"Zero offset" indicates how far the millivolt response of the sensor is from
the ideal case. It is updated after buffer calibration and standardization. If
a calibration results in a large enough offset, the fault message will be displayed.
42
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.8 ON-LINE DIAGNOSTICS SETUP (continued)
"Cal warn" compares the on-line glass impedance with the value measured at the last buffer calibration. This setting should be set to 0 (disabled).
"Imped comp" is used to compensate the glass impedance for temperature changes. This is especially important at temperature extremes.
NOTE
The actual on-line values of the sensor diagnostics are available
on the controller under the "Diagnostic Variables" header in the
main menu (regardless of whether the messages have been
turned on in this section).
5.9 AUTO CALIBRATION SETUP
This section describes how the controller may be set up for auto calibration, which includes automatic buffer recognition and auto stabilization.
Alternatively, the controller may be configured to perform a manual calibration without the automatic features.
Diagnostics
Auto Calibration
Security
Exit
Enter
1. Beginning from the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program"
and press Enter (F4). From the program menu, move the cursor
down using the arrow key to highlight "Configure" and press Enter
(F4).
Use the arrow key again to highlight "Auto Calibration" (as shown on
the left) and press Enter (F4).
NOTE
There are three buffer groups that may be selected. Automatic
buffer recognition includes temperature curves from 0 to 60°C.
a. Standard: Includes NIST (US), BSM (Britain), JIS 8802 (Japan) and
DIN 19266 (Germany) buffers. See Table 5-2 for details.
b. DIN 19267: 1.09/4.65/6.79/9.23/12.75
c.
2.
Autocal: Standard
Stabilize pH: 0.01 pH
Stabilize time: 10 sec
Exit
Edit
Manual: (for manual calibration) disables automatic buffer recognition
and stabilization.
Menu Item
Autocal
Stabilize pH
Stabilize time
Options
Standard/ DIN 19267/ Manual
0.01-0.50 pH
0-30 sec
The values now being used by the controller are displayed. To change
any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the desired item and
press Edit(F4). Use the arrow keys to make the change and press Save
(F4) to enter the change into memory.
The pH reading must not change by more than the stabilize pH value over
the stabilize time to be considered stable. Using a smaller pH value and
a larger time provides the best protection against calibration while the
reading is still changing.
43
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 5.0
SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION
5.9 AUTO CALIBRATION SETUP (continued)
TABLE 5-2. Standard Buffers
Buffer Value @ 25°C
Standards Referenced
Buffer Composition
1.68
NIST, DIN 19266, JIS 8802
0.05M K tetroxalate
3.56
NIST, BSM
KH tartrate (sat’d @ 25°C)
3.78
NIST
0.05M KH2 citrate
4.01
NIST, DIN 19266, BSM, JIS 8802
0.05 KH Phthalate
4.64
BSM
0.1M HOAc
.01M NaOAc
6.86
NIST, DIN 19266, BSM, JIS 8802
0.025M KH2PO4
0.025M KH2HPO4
7.00
44
0.05M NA2HPO4
0.05M KH2PO4
7.41
NIST, JIS 8802
0.0087M KH2PO4
0.0302M KH2HPO4
9.18
NIST, DIN 19266, BSM, JIS 8802
0.01M Na2B4O7
10.01
NIST, BSM, JIS 8802
0.025M NaHCO3
0.025M Na2CO3
12.45
NIST, DIN 19266
Ca(OH)2 (sat’d @ 25°C)
Factory Configured
X
X
X
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
6.1 THE pH SENSOR ASSEMBLY
The pH measurement is accomplished by means of a
measuring electrode (usually made of glass) which
develops a potential directly related to the hydrogen ion
concentration (pH) of the solution in which the electrode is immersed. A second electrode, called the reference electrode, is necessary to complete the electrical circuit and to serve as a constant reference potential against which the potential of the glass electrode
can be compared. Together, the two electrodes comprise the pH sensor.
designed to avoid blocking of the internal liquid junction. It is essentially a complete electrode within an
electrode outer body, using two liquid junctions.
A non-reactive electrolyte (potassium chloride gel) is
the filling solution in the outer body, and only this solution is in contact with the process. Clogging of the outer
junction is minimized, since neither potassium ions nor
chloride ions form insoluble compounds with the
majority of materials found in process streams.
Contamination of the inner junction is not likely with this
configuration.
The Glass Electrode
The Temperature Compensation Element
The glass electrode is a thin-walled bulb of glass containing a pH-buffered solution and the elements of a
half-cell (typically silver/silver chloride). The glass
membrane provides a means of collecting hydrogen
ions so the potential can be measured. The hydrogen
ions on the surface of the glass membrane are in equilibrium with the hydrogen ions in the solution being
measured. As the hydrogen ion concentration in the
solution changes, the concentration of hydrogen ions
on the electrode changes, creating a change in potential on the glass electrode.
In addition to the glass electrode and reference cell, a
third element required in the pH measurement system
is the temperature compensation element. Its purpose
is to compensate for "apparent" pH changes due to the
pH response of a glass electrode increasing with temperature. At values around 7 pH, the variation with temperature is zero. Thus, no compensation is required at
7 pH. The error caused by varying temperatures is
greater at high/low pH values; in other words, as you
move away from a neutral pH of 7. This compensation
is done automatically by the Model 54e pH/ORP unless
specifically disabled.
The Reference Cell
The purpose of the reference cell is to maintain a stable reference potential regardless of a change in sample pH. The cell is comprised of the reference electrode, reference fill solution and porous reference junction. The reference cell also serves to complete the
voltage measuring circuit. Within the reference electrode, a silver chloride element is surrounded by a concentrated potassium chloride solution. The internal element maintains electrical contact with the pH sensitive
glass electrode through the porous liquid junction (a
multi-capillary hardwood plug) of the internal reference
electrode.
The external wood reference junction and the gelled
reference fill solution provide protection for the internal
reference electrode to prevent contamination from
harsh chemical environments. The internal liquid junction can become blocked if the process contains any
material that reacts with the filling solution to form a
precipitate. The double-junction reference electrode is
The Preamp
Because of the high resistance of the glass measuring
electrode, a preamplifier must be used to transform the
extremely low level, high impedance signal to a lowimpedance signal. The Model 54e pH/ORP includes a
switchable preamplifier that may be used if the distance to the pH sensor is less than 15 feet. When
longer runs of cable are necessary, the preamp can be
located in the pH sensor itself or in a remote junction
box. Either design allows transmission of the pH signal
long distances without suffering degradation or interference from outside voltage sources.
6.2 CONTINUOUS SENSOR DIAGNOSTICS
The Model 54e pH/ORP verifies the integrity of the
glass and reference segments of the pH sensor by continuously measuring the impedance between each
segment and the solution ground.
45
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
A new glass electrode has an impedance of approximately 200 megohms As it ages, this value typically
increases over time because lithium ions (which carry
current) in the glass are slowly depleted by the
process. If an electrode cracks, the impedance drops
sharply, usually to below 5 MΩ.
6.3 INTERVAL TIMER
The following Diagnostic Checks are possible with the
Model 54e pH/ORP:
1. Timer
- Enables/disables the interval timer.
2. Interval
- the time period between cycles.
Cracked Glass Diagnostic. One way to tell that you
have a broken or cracked glass electrode is that the
controller will read a constant value (usually between
5.0-7.0 pH) in any process or buffer. The other way is
to note the impedance value. The controller can be
configured to generate a fault when the glass impedance drops below a setpoint. When a crack occurs, the
controller will indicate that the electrode is broken.
NOTE
A broken electrode may not be detected above
70°C (158°F).
Old Glass Diagnostic. This diagnostic is used for programming the high impedance limit. For example, if the
set point is 1000 megohms, and the impedance rises
above this value, the controller will go into a fault mode.
The electrode is either worn out, severely coated, or
not immersed in the process fluid..
Calibration Warning. Under this diagnostic you can
select the percent increase in impedance before a calibration warning fault appears. It is recommended to
keep this feature disabled.
High Reference Impedance. The reference is also
continuously checked. High values indicate a plugged
liquid junction or a coated sensor. The setpoint can be
adjusted depending on the sensor used. Always set
this value above the value for a new clean sensor.
You may also get this fault if:
1. The sensor becomes excessively coated.
2. The sensor is not immersed in the process
Typical set points:
1. 1000 Megohms for old glass diagnostics.
2. 10 Megohms for cracked glass.
3. 0 Megohms for calibration warning (disabled)
4. 40 Kohms for high reference impedance.
NOTE
See Section 5.8 for instructions on changing these setpoints.
46
The interval timer may be used for periodic sensor
cleaning or periodic process adjustment (see Section
5.7 for procedure).
The interval timer settings are:
3. Repeats - the number of relay activations per
cycle.
4. On time - the time period of one relay
activation.
5. Off time - the time period between two or more
relay activations.
6. Recovery - the time period following the final relay
activation.
The cycle begins at the Interval time when the Switch
is turned on. When the Interval time has expired the
analyzer activates hold mode and the relay is activated
for the On time period. If the number of Repeats is
greater than one, the relay is deactivated for the Off
time period and reactivated for the On time period for
the number of relay activations selected. When the
final relay activation is complete the relay is deactivated for the Recovery time period. Note that no Off time
period follows this last relay activation. When the
Recovery time period expires the Hold mode deactivates, and the cycle repeats, beginning with the
Interval time.
Typically, the interval timer is configured with a long
Interval, several Repeats of fairly short On times, fairly
short Off times and a Recovery time which allows the
process to stabilize. Setting Interval to zero results in
continuous pulsing and setting Off time to zero will
cause a single pulse equal to [On time x Repeats].
High reference impedance can be used to trigger timer
activation. In this case, the interval time is used only to
allow the analyzer time to determine whether the reference impedance has exceeded the reference impedance setpoint. If the reference impedance setpoint is
exceeded, the timer cycle will begin. This is an ideal
way to start a cleaning cycle in a dirty application.
Note that the hold mode supersedes the Timer State. If
the hold mode is on, the present interval time continues
to expire and once expired the interval timer is suspended until the hold state is removed. For more information on Controller Mode Priority, see Table 6-1.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
6.4 ALARM RELAYS
An alarm is a relay that closes a set of contact points (a
switch) inside the controller. In doing so, the relay closes an electrical circuit and turns on a device wired to
the contacts. The Model 54e pH/ORP controller has
four alarm relays.
The relays are turned on and off by the controller based
on the control points or setpoints that you pro-gram into
the controller through the keypad. See Section 5.7
"Alarms" to program the alarm relays.
The Model 54e pH/ORP has two control modes for devices which are turned off and on: Time Proportional
Control Mode (TPC), and Normal Mode. TPC is generally used for chemical feed control. Normal or "on-off"
mode is typically used to control external alarm lights or
horns.
6.5 TIME PROPORTIONAL CONTROL
(TPC) MODE (Code -20)
In the TPC mode, you must establish the following
parameters which will determine how the Model 54e
pH/ORP responds to your system (see Section 5.7):
•
Setpoint
•
Time period
•
URV point (or 100% on)
•
LRV point (or 0% on)
•
Proportional
•
Integral
•
Derivative
The setpoint is the desired value that you want to control at. Time period is programmed in seconds and defines the interval during which the controller compares
the pH input from the sensor with the Setpoint. In the
TPC mode the controller divides the period up into
pump on-time (feed time) and pump off-time (blend
time).
The URV setting determines how far the pH must deviate from the setpoint to get the pump to be on for the
entire period. The LRV setting determines how close
the pH must be to the setpoint for the pump to be off for
the entire period. The LRV setting should always be set
at zero. When the error (the pH minus the setpoint) is
between the URV and LRV values, the relay will be energized for some portion of the time period. As the pH
FIGURE 6-1. Time Proportional Control
value approaches the setpoint, the pump will be feeding for shorter and shorter intervals, and the chemicals
will be allowed to mix for longer and longer intervals of
the period. This relationship is illustrated in Figure 6-1.
The exact amount of on time and off time per period is
determined by the settings for proportional, integral,
and derivative bands. The proportional band (P) in %
is a separate adjustment that narrows (or widens) the
range of the TPC 0-100% action. Smaller values are
used for more control response. For a setpoint of 7 pH,
a URV of 2 pH, and P=100%, a pH reading of 8 would
result in a relay on (8-7)/((2-0)*(100%)) or 50% of the
time. If P was changed to 50%, the same relay would
be on (8-7)/((2-0)*50%) or 100% of the time.
The integral band is set in seconds and acts to
increase the controller output as more time is spent
away from the setpoint. A smaller value in seconds will
result in faster integration response. Too low a value
will result in excess oscillation.
The derivative band is set in % and acts to prevent
changes in the reading. This setting should generally
be set to zero for pH and ORP applications.
47
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
TPC offers precise control by forcing the pump to feed
chemical for shorter periods of time as you approach
the desired setpoint. If the process faces a large upset,
TPC mode forces the pump to feed chemical for longer
periods of time as the process deviates further from the
setpoint. This action continues until the pump is feeding all the time, providing a speedy recovery from large
up-sets.
The controller can be programmed to be direct or reverse acting, depending on the pH (or temperature)
value selected for URV. For example, if the controller is
direct acting based on pH, such as in caustic chemical
addition control, the pH will rise as chemical is added,
so the URV value will be below the LRV (i.e. below
zero). As the pH rises toward the control point value,
the pump will be on for gradually less time. Conversely,
if the controller is reverse-acting based on pH, such as
in acid addition for control, the pH will drop as acid is
added, and the URV value will be positive. The pH will
fall toward the control point value, and the pump will be
on for gradually less time.
Complete TPC configuration is explained and typical
settings for these parameters are listed in Section 5.0.
After startup, the operator needs to adjust only the 0%
On to maintain the desired chemical concentration.
6.6 NORMAL MODE
Normal mode is on-and-off control based on an alarm
setpoint. To prevent nuisance alarms, a hysteresis
(deadband) setting, and/or a time delay can be programmed during configuration. You can configure each
alarm to trigger above the setpoint as a high alarm or
below the setpoint as a low alarm. The operator need
only raise or lower the alarm setpoint as necessary.
48
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
6.7 ANALOG OUTPUTS
The Model 54e pH/ORP controller includes a second
analog output. An analog output produces an electrical current signal which varies in linear proportion to a
value measured by the controller. You can configure
the controller to produce a 4-20 mA or 0-20 mA cur-rent
output proportional to pH or temperature. See Section
5.6 for programming details.
The analog output must be "scaled" so that 4 (or 0) mA
corresponds to the low end of the scale and 20 mA corresponds to the high end. The operator can scale the
output as in the following example:
The Model 54e pH/ORP is connected to a strip chart
recorder with a 0 to 100% scale. The average value of
the bath is 10.0 pH, plus or minus 0.5 pH. The operator wants to match this value with the 50% mark on the
recorder. To do so, the operator selects 9.5 pH as the
4 mA value and 10.5 pH as the 20 mA value by entering them as in Section 5.3. The chart on the recorder
will display 0% when the pH is 9.5 or below and 100%
when the pH equals 10.5 or greater. (this is for a 4-20
mA recorder).
The Model 54e pH/ORP is also capable of PID control
where the analog output will be proportional to the difference between the setpoint and the measured variable, either pH or temperature. This control mode is
used to modulate a pump or valve, rather than to turn
a device off and on.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
6.8
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
CONTROLLER MODE PRIORITY
Your Model 54e pH/ORP can function in different modes
depending on both how it is configured, what process
conditions exist, and actions an operator may have
made. To reconcile these possible modes, there is a set
priority that determines exactly what will happen to the 2
current outputs and the 4 alarm relays in the event of multiple modes occurring at the same time. See Table 6-1
below.
Priority is in the following order (from lowest to highest):
normal, fault, timer, hold, feed limit, test. Each output or
relay acts as if it is only in the state of highest priority.
NOTE
Some of these features may not be in use for your controller.
TABLE 6-1. Controller Mode Priority Chart
Condition
1
Priority
Current
Output 1
Current
Output 2
Alarm
Relay 1
Alarm
Relay 2
Alarm
Relay 3
Alarm
Relay 4
Normal
1
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Normal
Open
Fault
2
Default
Default
Default
Default
Default
Closed
Interval Timer
3
Hold
Hold
Default/
Normal1
Default/
Normal1
Default/
Normal1
Prior
Hold Mode
4
Hold
Hold
Default
Default
Default
Prior
Feed Limit
5
Normal
Normal
Open1
Open1
Open1
Closed
Simulate tests
6
Test1
Test1
Test1
Test1
Test1
Test1
Indicates the state IF that item has been configured or selected (i.e. if it is an interval timer or a feed limit
timer or it is the one being tested). Unconfigured or unselected items are not affected by that mode.
Condition Definitions:
1. Normal refers to conditions when no other mode is present.
2. Fault is when the instrument has diagnosed a fault condition.
A fault message is displayed and the red LED will be on.
3. Interval Timer is only while the timer sequence is occurring.
4. Hold Mode is while hold is activated by the operator (i.e. during calibration).
5. Feed Limit occurs when a feed limit timer has reached it's limit and is turned off after being on for too long.
6. Simulate tests are described in Section 5.4.
Action Definitions:
1. Normal is determined by process conditions or how the item has been configured (Sections 5.5, 5.6)
2. Open is a deenergized alarm relay. (alarm off)
3. Default is the setting configured for each item if there is a fault. (Sections 5.5, 5.6)
4. Closed is an energized alarm relay. (alarm on)
5. Hold is the setting for the current output configured in Section 5.5 (this could be a fixed mA value or the last
normal value)
6. Prior is the state the alarm had before that mode occurred.
7. Test is the value input by the operator (mA for current, on or off for a relay).
49
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
6.9
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
PID CONTROL (CODE -20)
PID Control
Measurement and Set Point (Feedback Control)
The Model 54e pH/ORP current outputs can be programmed for PID control. PID control is used with a
control device which is capable of varying its output
from 0 to 100 percent in response to a changing signal in milliamps. Automated control valves or variable volume pumps are commonly used. These
types of devices are referred to as modulating control devices because of their 0 to 100% adjustability.
PID control is typically used where greater accuracy
than is achievable with an on/off device is required,
or where it is desirable to have the pump or valve
"on" continuously, or where the existing or preferred
pump or valve is of the modulating type.
The Model 54e pH/ORP controller is given two items
of information: measurement and set point. The controller reacts to the difference in value of these two
signals and produces an analog output signal to
eliminate that difference. As long as the difference
exists, the controller will try to eliminate it with the
output signal. When measurement and set point are
equal, the condition of the controller is static and its
output is unchanged. Any deviation of measurement
from set point will cause the controller to react by
changing its output signal.
Any process control system must manually or automatically hold the controlled variable (pH, conductivity, temperature) in a steady condition at selected set
point values. For manual control, the operator looks
at the value of the process variable, decides
whether or not it is correct, and makes necessary
adjustments. He decides the amount, direction, rate
of change and duration of the adjustment. With automatic control, the controller does all of this. The
operator only adjusts the set point of the controller to
the selected value of the measured variable.
Automatic process control such as PID is usually
feedback control; it eliminates the deviation between
measurement and set point based on continuous
updates (feedback) from the process itself.
50
PID Control Mode Combinations
All PID controllers have several control modes which
can be used in various combinations: proportional
plus integral (reset), proportional plus derivative
(rate) and a combination of proportional (P), integral
(I) and derivative (D). Each control mode produces a
response to the deviation of measurement from set
point that is the result of a specific characteristic of
the deviation, and each control mode is separately
adjustable. D, the derivative, or rate mode, is seldom
used in water treatment and is beyond the scope of
this manual.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
6.9
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
PID CONTROL (continued)
Proportional Mode (Gain)
The simplest control is proportional. Proportional may
also be referred to as sensitivity or gain. Although these
terms may refer to a different version of proportional,
the control function is still fundamentally the same - the
error from set point is multiplied by this factor to produce the output.
The Model 54e pH/ORP's proportional mode is
referred to as proportional "band" which is configurable from 0 to 299%. For good control of a specific
process, the proportional band must be properly
adjusted. The proportional band is the percent of the
analog output span (the difference between the 4 (or 0)
mA and 20 mA settings) through which the measured
variable must move to change the output from minimum to maximum. The larger the proportional band,
the less the controller reacts to changes in the
measured variable. As the proportional band is
made smaller, the reaction of the controller
increases. At 0 proportional band, the proportionalonly controller behaves like an on/off controller (an
alarm set at 20 mA).
Most processes require that the measured variable be
held at the set point. The proportional mode alone will
not automatically do this. Proportional alone will only
stabilize the measured variable at some offset to the
actual control point. To control at an exact setpoint,
proportional plus integral mode is used.
Proportional (Gain) Plus Integral (Reset)
For the automatic elimination of deviation, I (Integral
mode), also referred to as Reset, is used. The proportional function is modified by the addition of automatic
reset. With the reset mode, the controller continues to
change its output until the deviation between measurement and set point is eliminated.
The reset mode repeats the proportional action as long
as an offset from the set point exists. Reset action is
cumulative. The longer the offset exists, the more the
output signal is increased.
The controller configured with reset continues to
change until there is no offset. If the offset persists, the
reset action eventually drives the controller output to its
100% limit - a condition known as "reset windup". To
prevent reset windup, a controller with reset mode
should never be used to control a measured variable
influenced by uncorrectable conditions. Once the controller is "wound up", the deviation must be eliminated
or redirected before the controller can unwind and
resume control of the measured variable. The integral
time can be cleared and the "windup" condition quickly
eliminated by manually overriding the Model 54e
pH/ORP's analog output using the simulate tests
feature (detailed in Section 5.4).
Control Loop Adjustment and Tuning
There are several methods for tuning PID loops including: Ziegler-Nichols frequency response, open loop
step response, closed loop step response, and trial and
error. Described in this section is a form of the open
loop response method called the process reaction
curve method. The reaction times and control characteristics of installed equipment and real processes are
difficult to predict. The Process Reaction Curve Method
of tuning works well because it is based on the
response of the installed system. This procedure, outlined in the following paragraphs, can be used as a
starting point for the P and I settings. Experience has
shown that PID controllers will do a fair job of controlling most processes with many combinations of reasonable control mode settings.
The action of the reset mode depends on the proportional band. The rate at which it changes the controller
output is based on the proportional band size and the
reset adjustment. The reset time is the time required
for the reset mode to repeat the proportional action
once. It is expressed as seconds per repeat,
adjustable from 0-2999 seconds.
51
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
6.9
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
PID CONTROL (continued)
Process Reaction Curve Method
A PID loop can be tuned using the Process Reaction
Curve Method. This method involves making a step
change in the chemical feedrate (usually about 50% of
the pump or valve range) and graphing the response of
the Model 54e pH/ORP reading versus time.
The process reaction curve graphically shows the reaction of the process to step change in the input signal.
Figure 6-2 shows an example of a tuning process for a
pH controller. Similar results can be obtained for the
conductivity controller.
To use this procedure with a Model 54e pH/ORP and a
control valve or metering pump, follow the steps outlined below.
The Model 54e pH/ORP should be wired to the control
valve or metering pump. You will introduce a step
change to the process by using the simulate test function to make the step change in the output signal.
The change in the measured variable (conductivity, pH,
or millivolts) will be graphed as shown in Figure 6-2.
This can be done by observing the reading on the
Model 54e pH/ORP and noting values at intervals
timed with a stop watch. A strip chart recorder can be
used for slower reacting processes. To collect the data,
perform the following steps:
1. Let the system come to a steady state where the
measured variable (pH, conductivity or temperature) is relatively stable.
2. Observe the output current on the main display of
the controller.
3. Using the simulate test, manually set the controller
output signal at the value which represented the
stable process measurement observed in step 1,
then observe the process reading to ensure steady
state conditions (a stable process measurement).
4. Using the simulate test, cause a step change in the
output signal. This change should be large enough
to produce a significant change in the measured
variable in a reasonable amount of time, but not
too large to drive the process out of desired limits.
FIGURE 6-2. The Process Reaction Curve
52
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
6.9
SECTION 6.0
THEORY OF OPERATION
PID CONTROL (continued)
5. The reaction of the system, when graphed, will
resemble Figure 6-2, showing a change in the
measured variable over the change in time. After a
period of time (the process delay time), the measured variable will start to increase (or decrease)
rapidly. At some further time the process will begin
to change less rapidly as the process begins to stabilize from the imposed step change. It is important
to collect data for a long enough period of time to
see the process begin to level off to establish a tangent to the process reaction curve.
6. When sufficient data has been collected, return the
output signal to its original value using the simulate
test function. Maintain the controller in this manual
mode until you are ready to initiate automatic PID
control, after you have calculated the tuning constants.
Once these steps are completed, the resulting process
reaction curve is used to obtain information about the
overall dynamics of the system. It will be used to calculate the needed tuning parameters of the Model 54e
pH/ORP controller.
NOTE
The tuning procedure outlined below is
adapted from "Instrumentation and
Process Measurement and Control",
by Norman A. Anderson, Chilton Co.,
Radnor, Pennsylvania, ©1980.
Information derived from the process reaction curve
will be used with the following empirical formulas to
predict the optimum settings for proportional and integral tuning parameters.
Four quantities are determined from the process reaction curve for use in the formulas: time delay (D), time
period (L), a ratio of these two (R), and plant gain (C).
A line is drawn on the process reaction curve tangent
to the curve at point of maximum rise (slope) as shown
in Figure 6-2. The Time Delay (D), or lag time, extends
from "zero time" on the horizontal axis to the point
where the tangent line intersects the time axis. The
Response Time period (L), extends from the end of
delay period to the time at which the tangent line intersects the 100% reaction completion line representing
the process stabilization value. The ratio (R) of the
Response Time period to the Time Delay describes the
dynamic behavior of the system.
In the example, the process Delay Time (D) was four
seconds and the Response Time period (L) was 12
seconds, so:
R=
L
12 seconds
D
4 seconds
=3
The last parameter used in the equations is a plant gain
(C). The plant gain is defined as a percent change in the
controlled variable divided by the percent change in
manipulated variable; in other words, the change in the
measured variable (pH, conductivity, temperature) divided by the percent change in the analog output signal.
The percent change in the controlled variable is
defined as the change in the measured variable (pH,
conductivity, temperature) compared to the measurement range, the difference between the 20 mA (Hi) and
4 (or 0) mA (Lo) setpoints, which you determined when
configuring the analog output.
In the example shown in Figure 6-2:
The percent change in pH was:
pH2 - pH1
pH “Hi” - pH “Lo”
x 100% =
8.2 - 7.2 pH
9.0 - 6.0 pH
= 33.3%
The change in the output signal was:
6 - 4 milliamps
x 100% = 12.5%
20 - 4
So the Plant Gain is:
C=
33.3
= 2.66
12.5
Once R and C are calculated, the proportional and integral bands can be determined as follows:
Proportional band (%) = P = 286
C
R
Integral Time (seconds per repeat) = I = 3.33 D x C
So for the example:
286 (2.66)
P=
= 254%
3
I = 3.33 (4 sec.) 2.66 = 36 seconds
To enter these parameters, use the procedure detailed
in Section 5.6.
53
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 7.0
SPECIAL PROCEDURES AND FEATURES
SECTION 7.0
SPECIAL PROCEDURES AND FEATURES
This section covers features of the Model 54e
pH/ORP controller that are used less frequently.
Use of the features outlined in the appendix is
optional.
Special procedures and features outlined in this
appendix include the following:
•
Password Protection
•
Temperature Slope Calculation
•
Temperature Sensor
•
Reference Temperature
•
Controller Mode Priority
•
PID Control
Before using this section, you should become familiar
with the basic Theory of Operation of the controller as
outlined in Section 6.0, the keypad functions in Section
1.0, and the List of Settings Table and configuration
procedures outlined in Section 5.0.
Level 1 - 3 Password Privileges
Level 1 access is usually given to an operator who
simply needs to calibrate during the course of normal
operation. A separate section of the manual contains
operating procedures normally used by this type of personnel. Level 1 restricts the operator from changing the
major control mode configuration by preventing access
to the Program Menu.
The Level 1 user can do the following:
1. Access Diagnostic Variables (Section 8.1).
2. Zero the controller in air (Section 4.3).
3. Enter the Temperature Slope (Section 4.4).
4. Change Temperature Compensation from Auto to
Manual and select a temperature (Section 4.7).
5. Calibrating pH and Temperature readings (Section
4.1 and Section 4.6).
A Level 2 user can do all of the above and:
As with all the settings in your Model 54e pH/ORP, the
first step to configuration is obtaining a good understanding of how the feature works, before determining
the values of the settings to achieve the desired control. This appendix provides more background for
deciding on the appropriate settings. Configuring the
settings is done using the instructions in this appendix
and Section 5.0, Software Configuration.
1. Change control setpoints for PID current outputs
(Section 5.1).
7.1 PASSWORD PROTECTION
A Level 3 user has total access to the Configure Menu
and can make any changes that are deemed necessary.
Your Model 54e pH/ORP can be programmed so that a
3-digit password must be entered before any changes
in the configuration are allowed. This protects your
controller from tampering by unauthorized users. There
are three levels of password access, Level 1 (calibration only), Level 2 (lockout of Configure Menu), and
Level 3 (total access). Password privileges for each
level are described below.
If password protection is not desirable, you can configure all security codes to be 000. This will leave the controller unlocked so the configuration can be changed
without entering a password. The controller is shipped
from the factory with the password set at 000.
54
2. Change alarm setpoints for normal and TPC
alarms (Section 5.2).
3.
Rerange both 4-20 (or 0-20) mA outputs
(Section 5.3).
4. Manually test both outputs and all 4 alarm relays
for operation.
These privileges should be given only to an individual who fully understands the controller, the
process and the potential effects of modifying the
setup.
An individual with no password access privilege can
only view the main display, containing conductivity,
temperature, current output 1, and the lower line display items configured in Section 5.5.
NOTE
You must have level 3 access to
change any security code.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 7.0
SPECIAL PROCEDURES AND FEATURES
7.2 CONFIGURING SECURITY
Security clearance is required at the following security "gates". Users
without the security code will only be able to use the features indicated in
parentheses:
Alarms
Security
Custom Curve
Exit
I.
Lock out all access (read main screen only)
II. Lock out program features (only calibration is allowed)
Enter
III. Lock out configuration features (only calibration, alarm setpoint and
rerange output setpoints (4 and 20 mA values) are allowed)
For convenience, the level 3 security code will be accepted at levels
1 and 2 and the level 2 security code will be accepted at level 1.
1. Beginning from the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program"
and press Enter 4. From the program menu, move the cursor down
using the arrow key b to highlight "Configure" and press Enter 4.
Use the arrow key again to highlight "Security" (as shown on the left)
and press Enter 4.
2.
Lock all:
000
Lock program: 000
Lock config: 000
Exit
Enter
Menu Item
Options
1 Lock all
000-999
2 Lock program
000-999
3 Lock configuration
000-999
The values now being used by the controller are displayed. To
change any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the desired
item and press Edit 4. Use the arrow keys to make the change and
press Save 4 to enter the change into memory.
NOTES ON SECURITY:
a. A code of 000 disables security for that level.
b. The security feature will not activate until the keypad has not
been pressed for a short period of time (the timeout value programmed in Section 5.5).
c.
A hold condition will indefinitely prolong the time out period.
d. Security will activate immediately if power is removed from the
controller and then restored.
e. Forgotten Code: Press and hold F4 Key for 5 seconds when the
security screen appears and the code for that level will appear on
the display.
55
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 7.0
SPECIAL PROCEDURES AND FEATURES
7.3 SOLUTION TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION
This section is for advanced users only.
Security
Temperature Coeff
Temperature sensor
Exit
It explains how to input values for:
• the isopotential pH and
• the temperature coefficient for solution temperature compensation.
Enter
1. Beginning from the main menu, move the cursor down to "Program"
and press Enter (F4). From the program menu, move the cursor
down using the arrow key to highlight "Configure" and press Enter
(F4).
Use the arrow key again to highlight "Temperature Coeff" (as shown
on the left) and press Enter (F4) .
The Controller can compensate for two different temperature effects on
the measured pH: the temperature effect on the pH sensor and the temperature effect on the actual pH of the process solution.
Temp coeff: +.000
Operate iso: +07.00 pH
Sensor iso: 07.00 pH
Exit
Edit
Sensor Temperature Compensation. The millivolt output of a pH sensor changes with temperature, which in turn, changes the measured pH
value. The Sensor Isopotential pH (Sensor ISO) is the pH where the pH
sensor's output does not change with temperature. The Controller uses
the Sensor Isopotential pH value to correct for the temperature effect on
the pH sensor. Except in rare instances (antimony or glass on metal electrode systems), the Sensor Isopotential pH is always 7.0 pH.
Solution Temperature Compensation. The actual pH of a solution can
sometimes noticeably change with temperature. This can occur in solutions with a pH above 6.5 pH and in solutions containing weak acids,
bases, and their salts. This effect can be compensated for by entering a
Temperature Coefficient (Temperature Coeff) which is the change in solution pH per degree centigrade (°C). If there is no noticeable solution pH
change with temperature, or solution temperature compensation is not
desired, the Temperature Coefficient (Temperature Coeff) should be set
to 0.00.
Operating Isopotential pH. The Operating Isopotential pH (Operate
ISO) is the Isopotential pH, which the Controller is using for overall temperature compensation. It represents a combination of both the sensor
and the solution temperature compensations.
If no solution temperature compensation is being used (Temperature
Coeff = 0), the Operating Isopotential pH (Operate ISO) is equal to the
Sensor Isopotential pH (Sensor ISO).
If there is a non-zero Temperature Coefficient (Temperature Coeff) being
used, the Controller automatically calculates the Operating Isopotential
pH (Operate ISO) from the following relation:
Operate ISO = Sensor Iso - (Temperature Coeff) X (298.16)
Conversely, if an Operating Isopotential pH is known for a particular solution, the Controller will automatically calculate the corresponding
Temperature Coefficient.
Example: High Purity water with Ammonia, being measured with a normal
pH sensor (Sensor Isopotential pH of 7.0 pH), has a Temperature
Coefficient of -.033pH per °C and an Operating Isopotential pH of 16.84.
56
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 7.0
SPECIAL PROCEDURES AND FEATURES
7.3 SOLUTION TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION (continued)
2.
Temp coeff: +.000
Operate iso: +07.00 pH
Sensor iso: 07.00 pH
Exit
Edit
Menu Item
Temperature coefficient
Operating isopotential
(Isopotential pH)
Sensor isopotential
Options
-0.044 to 0.028 pH/°C (0.00 for
most applications)
-1.35 to 20.12 pH (7.00 for most
applications)
0-14 pH (7.00 for most applications)
The values now being used by the controller are displayed. To
change any of these items, use the arrow key to highlight the desired
item and press Edit 4. Use the arrow keys to make the change and
press Save 4 to enter the change into memory.
57
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
The Model 54e pH/ORP automatically searches for
fault conditions that would cause an error in the measured pH reading. If such a condition occurs, the current
outputs and alarm relays will act as configured in
Section 5.6 and Section 5.7, the red "FAIL" LED on the
controller panel will be lit and a diagnostic message will
be displayed. If more than one fault exists, the display
will sequence through the diagnostic messages. This
will continue until the cause of the fault has been corrected or until the Ack 2 key is pressed.
Troubleshooting is easy as 1, 2, 3…
Step 1 Look for a diagnostic fault message on the display to help pinpoint the problem. Refer to
Table 8-1 for an explanation of the message
and a list of the possible problems that triggered it.
Step 2 Refer to the Quick Troubleshooting Guide,
Table 8-2, for common pH hardware problems
and the recommended actions to resolve them.
Step 3 Follow the step by step troubleshooting
approach offered in Table 8-3 to diagnose less
common or more complex problems.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to troubleshoot unless
you have familiarized yourself with this
manual. Only trained, qualified technicians should perform these procedures.
Do not attempt to troubleshoot, repair, or
modify the printed circuit cards or electronic components inside the controller.
IMPORTANT
Always recalibrate the controller
before returning it to service.
58
Many control problems are unrelated to the pH measurement system. When problems arise, first check
other systems that affect chemical concentration.
Consider what may have changed in the system that
can cause poor control. Some causes for poor control
other than controller malfunction are:
1. An empty chemical drum.
2. Malfunction of a chemical feed pump, pump motor,
or motor starter.
3. Water inlet or drain valves stuck or left open by
operators.
4. Check flow interlocks (if used).
5. A temperature control malfunction.
6. Broken or blocked chemical feed lines.
7. A conductivity probe that has been left out of the
bath.
8. The level of bath is below the probe and the probe
is dry.
9. The probe needs to be cleaned.
10. The condition of the incoming metal has changed,
i.e., temperature, cleanliness, speed.
11. The condition of the incoming water has changed,
i.e., temperature, cleanliness, flow rate, hardness,
pH.
12. Unauthorized personnel have tampered with the
controller settings.
13. Standardizing procedure is not accurate due to a
malfunctioning laboratory instrument or contaminated chemical standard solutions.
WARNING
To prevent chemical feed into the
process or injury to operating personnel,
disconnect or disable the chemical feed
pump and other external devices while
you are servicing and troubleshooting
the controller.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
TABLE 8-1. Diagnostic Messages
Diagnostic Messages
Description of problem
"Cracked glass failure"
Broken or cracked glass electrode
"Zero offset error" *
Reference electrode poisoned.
"High reference imped"
1. Coated reference electrode (Sensor cleaning recommended)
2. Sensor out of process.
"Temp error high"
"Temp error low"
1. Open or shorted RTD
2. Temperature out of range
"Calibration warning"
1. Calibration suggested due to change in glass
2. Sensor out of process
"Old glass warning"
1. Glass electrode worn out
2. Sensor out of process
"Lo slope error"*
"Hi slope error"*
1. Worn out electrode
2. Improper buffer calibration (check buffer accuracy, wait for stabilization in buffers)
3. Plugged liquid junction/coated glass
"Sensor line open"
1. Open wire between sensor and controller.
2. Distance between sensor and controller is too long.
"Failure - EEPROM"
"Failure - CPU"
"Failure - Factory"
1. Defective CPU board. Notify Rosemount
if cycling power does not clear the fault
"Failure - ROM"
Bad "ROM" chip on CPU board
"Field cal needed"
Output 1 and 2 need adjustment
"Hold mode activated"
(operator activated)
All relays open and outputs set to default values
"High input voltage"
Open connection from preamplifier to controller.
"Low input voltage"
Open connection from glass electrode to preamplifier.
"High reference voltage"
1. Sensor not in process
2. Coated Sensor
3. Open wire between preamplifier and controller.
"Simulating Output 1 or 2"
"Simulating Alarm 1, 2, 3, or 4"
The indicated output or alarm is being tested. see Section 5.4
"Feed limit alarm 1, 2, or 3"
Indicated alarm has been on for longer than it's limit and has been turned off.
* Off line error messages will not initiate fault condition, and will display only once. The message will clear from
the screen when a key is pressed.
59
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
TABLE 8-2. Quick Troubleshooting Guide
SYMPTOM
ACTION
pH reading won't change in different buffers.
Clean the electrode, check wiring. Replace electrode.
"Cracked glass failure".
1. Replace electrode if cracked.
2. Check wiring for short.
pH sensor has sluggish response.
"Old glass warning".
"Lo or Hi slope error".
Clean the electrode; if still sluggish soak in 1% HCl for 1 hr.
Replace electrode if not rejuvenated by the HCl soak.
Check sensor in buffers; replace if calibration unsuccessful.
1. Verify internal preamp switch is in the appropriate position.
2. Improper buffer calibration: check buffer accuracy; wait for reading
to stabilize;
3. Clean the electrode; if fault persists; replace electrode.
4. If new electrode doesn't resolve the fault; replace preamp.
"Calibration warning".
Check sensor in buffers; replace if calibration unsuccessful.
"Wait" flashing continuously; won't stabilize
during Auto Buffer Calibration.
1. Readjust stabilization pH or time for Auto Cal (Section 5.9)
2. Clean the sensor and retry Auto Cal in buffers.
3. Try a Manual Buffer Calibration. (see Section 5.9 for configuration)
Calibrates in buffers but not in the process
1. Verify process reading to be correct
2. Possible ground loop. Make sure that the shield wires do NOT
touch grounded metal. (Process noise).
Incorrect temperature reading.
Suspected temp. compensation problem.
"Temp. error high"
"Temp. error low"
1. Standardize the temperature
2. Verify sensor's RTD resistance vs. temperature
3. Verify temperature reading to be correct
Display segments missing.
Replace Display board.
Analyzer locks up; won't respond.
Replace CPU board.
Erratic display and relays chattering.
Check alarm set points, configuration (Sections 5.2, 5.7)
Analyzer not responding to key presses.
Key press gives wrong selection.
Verify and clean ribbon cable connection on CPU board.
Replace enclosure door/keyboard assembly.
Wrong or no current output.
1. Verify that output is not being overloaded (max load is 600 ohms)
2. Rerange outputs (Section 3.3)
3. Replace Power board
No display or indicators.
Verify that the removable fuse module is securely seated.
Alarm relay closure problems.
Power board cut-off.
Check Power board.
Replace the Power board.
Sensor diagnostics faults keep appearing
1. Calibrate sensor in buffers; replace if unsuccessful
2. Check the diagnostic variables for inappropriate settings (Section 5.8)
3. Turn analyzer diagnostics "OFF" (Section 5.8)
4. Verify proper wiring and preamp switch position.
5. Perform Systematic Troubleshooting procedures.
60
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
8.1 DISPLAYING DIAGNOSTIC VARIABLES
This section explains how these helpful diagnostics can be viewed:
1. Electrode input in mV: Used to check if the signal produced by the
sensor is within acceptable limits (see Figure 8-1 for typical sensor
mV response at 25°C).
Ω: Used to check integrity of glass electrode.
2. Glass impedance in MΩ
Broken glass membranes will have low impedance.
Ω: Used to indicate how coated the ref3. Reference impedance in kΩ
erence electrode has become. Coated or plugged sensors will have
high values of reference impedance.
4. Zero offset in mV: Indicates the deviation from the typical sensor
response (Figure 8-1) as of the last buffer calibration. The controller
compares the value at 7 pH with the ideal value of zero mV at 7 pH.
5. Slope in mV/pH: Indicates the sensitivity of the glass electrode. This
number tends to drop as a sensor ages. Values below 47 are considered too low for calibration.
6. Software version
Calibrate
Diagnostic Variables
Program
Use the following procedure :
1. From the main display, press any key.
2. With the down arrow key, move the cursor down to "Diagnostic
Variables" and then press Enter (F4).
Exit
Input: 120 mV
Glass imped: 300 MΩ
Ref imped: 8 kΩ
Exit
3. Diagnostic variables are displayed three at a time. More variables are
viewable until the cursor (showing highlighted text) is brought down
to the bottom line.
Use the down arrow key to view the items on the lower screen.
The up arrow key can be used to return to a previously viewed item .
Press the Exit (F1) key to return to the main menu above.
NOTE
Zero offset: 0 mV
pH slope: 59.02 mV/pH
Version: pH1.01
Many diagnostic variables can be read directly on the main display in the lower left or lower right positions. For details, see
Section 5.5.
Exit
61
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
FIGURE 8-1. Theoretical pH vs. Millivolt Values at 25°C (77°F)
62
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
8.2 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
NOTE
To clear any Fault message, press the
2 key.
If no specific error message is being displayed, the following procedure can identify the specific problem.
The only sure way to diagnose sensor related conditions is to isolate the pH sensor from the process, immerse the sensor in a pH buffer solution, and observe
the controller response.
For any given pH value, the millivolt reading at the
controller should be approximately that shown in
Figure 8-1, Theoretical pH vs. Millivolt Values.
Therefore, one way to check the controller is to see if
the incoming millivolt signal corresponds to the process pH or the pH of a test buffer solution (see Figure
8-1). The displayed pH value can be changed by standardizing, but the millivolt value (displayed under
"Diagnostic variables", see Section 8.1) will always be
the exact incoming value. Another good check of the
controller is to check the slope obtained after per-forming the two-point calibration with two different buffer
solutions, as described in Section 3.
If the controller reads correctly when the sensor is
removed from the process and isolated in a container
of buffer solution, then the sensor and controller are
most likely functioning correctly. The problem is
caused by something in the process such as:
•
Sensor "seeing" poorly mixed, non-homogeneous
solution.
•
Sensor located too close to chemical feed lines or
heat sources.
•
Air bubbles entrained in the process or entrapped
around the sensor.
•
Voltage on the process due to static electricity
buildup, improperly grounded recirculation pump
motors, or some other electrical source.
•
A ground loop caused by improper sensor wiring,
as outlined in Installation, Section 2.
•
A source of electrical noise which only takes effect
when the sensor is immersed in the process.
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION CIRCUIT
Troubleshooting Procedure
Use this procedure to diagnose problems in the temperature compensation circuit or as directed by the
Troubleshooting Guide, Table 8-3. Refer to the appropriate wiring diagram in Section 3.
To check the sensor:
1. Check the resistance of the RTD element at the
end of the sensor lead. Do not include interconnecting wire. Disconnect the red lead and white
lead on the end of the sensor cable.
2. Check the resistance between the red and the white
leads. If values do not agree within ±1% of those
shown below, replace the sensor (see Step 4).
OHMS
100.00
107.79
109.62
111.67
115.54
119.40
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
32°F/0°C
68°F/20°C
77°F/25°C
86°F/30°C
104°F/40°C
122°F/50°C
3.
Disconnect sensor leads from interconnecting wire
prior to measuring resistance. Values shown are
only accurate when measured at the end of the
cable directly attached to the sensor. Allow enough
time for the temperature compensation RTD
embedded in the sensor to stabilize to the surrounding temperature. Temperature coefficient =
0.215 ohms per °F.
4. If the sensor is bad, you can replace the sensor, or
you can clear the fault by switching to manual temperature compensation as a short-term solution.
Refer to Section 3.5 to program for manual temperature compensation. If the temperature compensator RTD in the sensor is bad, the displayed
temperature will be incorrect. Using manual temperature compensation will remove all temperature
related faults.
Most of these problems can be eliminated by either
moving the sensor or providing proper grounding.
63
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
PREAMPLIFIER TROUBLESHOOTING
PROCEDURE
Use this procedure when diagnosing the circuit which
carries the signal from the sensor. There are 3 separate procedures, depending on where the preamplifier is located.
A. Preamp in a junction box (Figure 8-2)
B. Controller preamp check (Figure 8-3)
1. Disconnect all sensor wiring from the controller
at TB2.
2. Verify that the preamp location switch is in the
analyzer position, and that temperature compensation is set to manual at 25°C or 77°F (see
Section 3.5).
1. Verify that the controller's preamp switch is in the
sensor/J box position (see Figure 2-5).
3. Jumper TB2-3 to TB2-4 and TB2-7 to TB2-8.
2. Remove the cover of the junction box.
5. The controller should now read 7 pH (or 0 mV in
ORP mode).
3. Disconnect the BNC adapter or remove leads
from TB1-7 and TB1-10 (whichever is connected).
4. Install a jumper between 7 and 10, 3 and 4, and
7 and 8 (see Figure 8-2).
5. The controller should now read approximately
7 pH.
NOTE
If the controller has been calibrated with a
large zero offset, the pH may not be close
to 7. In this case, standardize the controller at 7. (Section 3.4).
6. If the controller does not read correctly (after
standardizing, if necessary), go to step B.
64
4. Jumper TB2-7 to TB2-10 to simulate 7 pH.
NOTE
If the controller has been calibrated with a
large zero offset, the pH may not be close
to 7. In this case, standardize the controller at 7. (Section 3.4).
6. If the controller does not read correctly (after
standardizing, if necessary), replace the controller.
7. If a millivolt source is available, it can be connected to TB2-7 and TB2-10 to simulate pH values. Refer to Figure 8-1 for the relationship
between mV and pH, sample values are +172
mV for 4 pH and -172 mV for 10 pH.
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
FIGURE 8-2. Junction Box Preamplifier Check
FIGURE 8-3. Controller Preamplifier Check
65
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
TABLE 8-3. Troubleshooting Guide
PROBLEM OR CONDITION
PROBABLE CAUSE AND
CORRECTIVE ACTION
FOR MORE HELP,
REFER TO
Controller completely inoperative
No Power Check power supply at breaker and
inside controller: 115 V across
terminals 1 and 2 on TB3.
Wiring, Section 3.0 and Figure 3-1
Cut-off circuit Check power supply board.
Figure 3-1
Electronics Failure Replace the electronics.
Controller operating, but adding
chemical above setpoint, or not
adding below setpoint,
or not holding setpoint.
Incorrect or Changed Settings Refer to software configuration
procedure and verify that control
parameters are correct and entered
properly. Pay special attention
to the TPC settings.
Software Configuration,
Section 5.0
Electronics Failure Try power down and power back
up to reboot the program. Test
alarm relays.
Simulated tests
Section 5.4
Replace electronics if necessary.
Inability to standardize pH
"Zero Offset Err"
Incorrect standardization procedure If you are trying to adjust the pH reading
by a large amount, the controller may
reject your standardization and will
continue to display the previous value.
Check that your lab instrument, titrations,
or chemical standard solutions have
been used properly and are correct.
Calibration, Section 4.0
Sensor failure Simulate sensor in "Preamp
Troubleshooting".
Section 8.2
Replace sensor if preamp ok.
Electrode coated Clean electrode as needed.
(381+ Sensor) Reference chamber
is contaminated Replace gel-filled solution as instructed
in 381+ manual
Defective preamplifier Check preamplifier as instructed in
Preamp Troubleshooting procedure
and replace if defective.
Section 8.0
(381+ Sensor) Bad Reference If trouble still persists, microjunction on
reference electrode is defective.
Replace reference electrode.
66
Table 8-3 is continued on the following page
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
TABLE 8-3. Troubleshooting Guide (continued)
PROBLEM OR CONDITION
PROBABLE CAUSE AND
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Controller "short spans."
Buffer check with 2-point
calibration gives slope less
than 47 mV/pH .
Coated glass electrode Clean with soft cloth
and clean water.
"lo slope error"
Service 381+ Reference Junction
and Solution.
FOR MORE HELP,
REFER TO
Old glass electrode If used for more than 1 yr, replace
electrode.
Change in pH slope (value
shrinking) after 2-point calibration.
Old or coated glass electrode Clean or replace glass electrode.
Bad RTD value See Temp. Comp. Troubleshooting
Procedure with expected RTD value
resistances at temperature values.
pH value locks up
(no change in buffers).
Temp.Comp. Troubleshooting
Procedure, Section 8.2
Glass electrode cracked Replace glass electrode.
Coated glass electrode Clean glass electrode.
Displayed pH value not the same
as grab sample of process.
Display reads off scale.
Grab sample incorrect Reevaluate sample technique and
equipment.
Calibration, Section 4.0
Unclear which is correct Retest with new buffer solution.
Calibration, Section 4.0
Controller out of calibration Recalibrate per Calibration,
(See Section 3.0)
Calibration, Section 4.0
(381+ Sensor) Reference depleted Replace reference electrolyte as
instructed in 381+ manual.
Defective preamplifier Check preamplifier as instructed in
Preamp Troubleshooting Procedure, and
replace preamplifier, if defective.
Section 8.0
Electrode not in process solution Make sure sensor is in solution.
Wiring, Section 3.0
Open circuit within glass electrode Replace glass electrode.
(381+ Sensor) Plugged reference Replace reference junction.
Recharge reference solution.
Table 8-3 is continued on the following page
67
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
TABLE 8-3. Troubleshooting Guide (continued)
PROBLEM OR CONDITION
PROBABLE CAUSE AND
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Display reads between 3 and
6 pH regardless of actual pH
solution or sample.
Electrode cracked Replace electrode.
FOR MORE HELP,
REFER TO
"cracked glass failure"
Sluggish or slow display indication for real changes in pH level.
Electrode coated Clean electrode as instructed in
sensor manual
Inability to change
parameters in the controller.
"Level 1 security: Lock"
"Level 2 security: Lock"
"Level 3 security: Lock"
Password protected Your controller has password protection.
You must enter the correct password to
make changes in the controller.
Outputs do not change
"Hold Mode activated"
"simulating output 1 or 2"
"simulating alarm 1,2,3, or 4"
Controller is in Hold or simulate mode - Software Configuration, Section 5.6
To remove from Hold, press any key
Calibration , Section 4.7
and then press Enter (F4). Press Edit (F4),
change "On" to Off", and press Save (F4).
Section 7.0
To stop simulation, press Exit (F1).
When the unit has been put into "Hold",
all outputs go to their default states.
Red LED light is on
Various fault messages
shown on lower display.
68
Unit has gone into fault mode Read the message and take action as
indicated in Table 8-2.
Section 8.0
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 8.0
TROUBLESHOOTING
8.3 REPLACEMENT PARTS
PART NUMBER
DESCRIPTION
23540-05
Enclosure, Front with Keyboard
23848-00
Power Supply Circuit Board Shield
23849-00
Half Shield, Power Supply
23854-00
PCB, CPU for Back-lit Display
23969-00
PCB, Calibrated board set, 115/230 Vac
23969-04
PCB, Calibrated board set, 24 Vdc
33281-00
Hinge Pin
33286-00
Gasket, Front Panel
33293-00
Enclosure, Rear
9010377
Back-lit Display, LCD Dot Matrix
9510048
Enclosure Conduit Plug, 1/2 inch
NOTE: Individual printed circuit boards cannot be ordered for Model 54e. Replacement boards for Model 54e
are assembled and calibrated as an integrated board stack.
69
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
SECTION 9.0
RETURN OF MATERIAL
SECTION 9.0
RETURN OF MATERIAL
9.1 GENERAL.
To expedite the repair and return of instruments, proper communication between the customer and the factory is
important. Before returning a product for repair, call 1-949-757-8500 for a Return Materials Authorization (RMA)
number.
9.2 WARRANTY REPAIR.
The following is the procedure for returning instruments still under warranty:
1.
Call Rosemount Analytical for authorization.
2.
To verify warranty, supply the factory sales order number or the original purchase order number. In the case
of individual parts or sub-assemblies, the serial number on the unit must be supplied.
3.
Carefully package the materials and enclose your “Letter of Transmittal” (see Warranty). If possible, pack the
materials in the same manner as they were received.
4.
Send the package prepaid to:
Rosemount Analytical Inc., Uniloc Division
Uniloc Division
2400 Barranca Parkway
Irvine, CA 92606
Attn: Factory Repair
RMA No. ____________
IMPORTANT
Please see second section of “Return of
Materials Request” form. Compliance with
the OSHA requirements is mandatory for
the safety of all personnel. MSDS forms
and a certification that the instruments have
been disinfected or detoxified are required.
Mark the package: Returned for Repair
Model No. ____
9.3 NON-WARRANTY REPAIR.
The following is the procedure for returning for repair instruments that are no longer under warranty:
1.
Call Rosemount Analytical for authorization.
2.
Supply the purchase order number, and make sure to provide the name and telephone number of the individual to be contacted should additional information be needed.
3.
Do Steps 3 and 4 of Section 9.2.
NOTE
Consult the factory for additional information regarding service or repair.
70
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
APPENDIX A
ORP CONFIGURATION
APPENDIX A
ORP CONFIGURATION
QUICK STARTUP (ORP)
CONFIGURING THE CONTROLLER
The Model 54e pH/ORP controller comes pre-programmed by the factory as a pH controller. In order
to perform a quick startup as an ORP controller, the
controller must first be switched to the pre-configured
ORP program. Most ORP sensors will look and connect very much like pH sensors, but will have a metal
ring electrode over a glass shaft with a thick end
instead of a thin pH glass membrane.
To switch to an ORP controller and perform a quick
startup:
1. Connect the ORP sensor to the controller. Wire
to controller per Figure 2-5 or 2-6.
2. Apply primary power (Figure 2-4) to the controller.
Configuration of the ORP settings can be done at any
time after the controller has been set to ORP mode
(step 3 in Quick Startup on the left). Procedures for
these operations follow the ORP Standardization
instructions in this appendix.
Before attempting any changes refer to the configuration setup list shown in Table A-1. This table presents a brief description and the configurable items.
The factory setting is also given with a space for the
user setting. It is recommended that the list be carefully reviewed before any changes are made.
On initial configuration, it is recommended that the
settings be entered in the order shown on the worksheet. This will reduce the chance of accidentally
omitting a needed setting.
3. Change the controller to ORP operation. Refer to
Section 5.3, or:
A. Press any key to display the main menu.
B. Move cursor until Program is highlighted.
C. Press Enter (F4).
D. Highlight "Configure" and press Enter (F4).
E. Highlight "Display" and press Edit (F4).
F.
Use the arrow key to change "Measure" from
pH to ORP and press Save (F4). Warning
screen appears - press Cont (F3).
4. Complete the ORP standardize instructions).
5. Preset alarm and output settings are listed
below: If these values are unacceptable, refer to
Section A.1 for a detailed configuration procedure. For a summary of the complete factory settings see Table A-1.
Alarm 1 (low alarm):
-1400mV
Alarm 2 (high alarm):
+1400mV
Alarm 3 (high alarm):
+1400mV
Output 1 (4mA setpoint):
-1400mV
Output 1 (20mA setpoint):
+1400mV
71
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
APPENDIX A
ORP CONFIGURATION
TABLE A-1. ORP Settings List
ITEM
CHOICES
ORP SETTINGS
USER SETTINGS
PROGRAM LEVEL (Sections A.2 - A.3)
A.
Alarm Setpoints (Section A.2)
1.
Alarm 1 (low action)
-1400 to +1400 mV
-1400 mV
_______
2.
Alarm 2 (high action)
-1400 to +1400 mV
+1400 mV
_______
3.
Alarm 3 (high action)
-1400 to +1400 mV
+1400 mV
_______
B.
Output Setpoints (Section A.3)
1.
Output 1: 4 mA
-1400 to +1400 mV
-1400 mV
_______
2.
Output 1: 20 mA
-1400 to +1400 mV
+1400 mV
_______
3.
Output 2: 4 mA
-15 to 130 °C
0.0 °C
_______
4.
Output 2: 20 mA
-15 to 130 °C
100.0 °C
_______
CONFIGURE LEVEL (Sections 5.5 - 5.9)
A.
Display (Section 5.5)
1.
Measurement type
2.
Convention
3.
Temperature Units
4.
5.
6.
Language
7.
Main display lower left
See Section 5.5
Alarm 1 Setpoint
_______
8.
Main display lower right
See Section 5.5
Alarm 2 Setpoint
_______
9.
Display contrast
0-9 (9 darkest)
5
_______
pH/ORP
ORP
_______
ORP/Redox
ORP
_______
°C/°F
°C
_______
Output 1 Units
mA/% of full scale
mA
_______
Output 2 Units
mA/% of full scale
mA
_______
English/Français/Español/Deutsch/Italiano
English
_______
10. Tests Timeout
On/Off
On
_______
11. Timeout Value
1-60 min
10 min
_______
(a) Output 1 Measurement
Process/Temp/Ref Imp
Process (ORP)
_______
(b) Output 1 Control Mode
Normal/PID
Normal
_______
B. Outputs (Section 5.6)
1.
2.
Output 1 Control
Output 1 Setup
(a) Current Range
3.
4.
4-20 mA/0-20 mA
4-20 mA
_______
(b) Dampening
0-299 Sec
0 Sec
_______
(c) Hold Mode
Last value/Fixed value
Last value
_______
(d) Fixed Hold Value (if (c) Fixed)
0-22 mA
21 mA
_______
(e) Fault Value
0-22 mA
22 mA
_______
(a) Output 2 Measurement
Process/Temp /Ref Imp
Temperature
_______
(b) Output 2 Control Mode
Normal/PID
Normal
_______
Output 2 Control
Output 2 Setup
(a) Current Range
4-20 mA/0-20 mA
4-20 mA
_______
(b) Dampening
0-255 Sec
0 Sec
_______
(c) Hold Mode
Last value/Fixed value
Last value
_______
(d) Fixed Hold Value (if (c) Fixed)
0-22 mA
21 mA
_______
(e) Fault Value
5. Hold (Outputs and Relays)
C.
0-22 mA
22 mA
_______
Disable/Enable/ 20 min timeout
Disable feature
_______
Process/Temp
Process(ORP)
_______
Normal/TPC
Normal
_______
Alarms (Section 5.7)
1.
Alarm 1 Control
(a) Activation Method
(b) Alarm 1 Control Mode
Continued on the following page.
72
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
APPENDIX A
ORP CONFIGURATION
TABLE A-1. ORP Settings List
ITEM
2.
CHOICES
(a) Configuration
Low alarm/High alarm/Off
Low
_______
0-500 mV
0 mV
_______
(c) Delay Time
0-99 sec
0 sec
_______
Open/Closed/None
None
_______
Process/Temp
Process(ORP)
_______
Normal/TPC
Normal
_______
Alarm 2 Control
(a) Activation Method
(b) Alarm 2 Control Mode
4.
Alarm 2 Setup
(a) Configuration
Low alarm/High alarm/Off
High
_______
(b) Hysteresis (deadband)
0-500 mV
0 mV
_______
(c) Delay Time
0-99 sec
0 sec
_______
Open/Closed/None
None
_______
Process/Temp
Process(ORP)
_______
Normal/TPC
Normal
_______
(d) Relay Default
5.
Alarm 3 Control
(a) Activation Method
(b) Alarm 3 Control Mode
6.
Alarm 3 Setup
(a) Configuration
Low alarm/High alarm/Off
High
_______
(b) Hysteresis (deadband)
0-500 mV
0 mV
_______
(c) Delay Time
0-99 sec
0 sec
_______
Open/Closed/None
None
_______
Fault/Off
Fault
_______
Disable/alarm 1/alarm 2/alarm 3
Disable
_______
0-10,800 sec
3600 sec
_______
Disable
_______
Time activated
_______
(d) Relay Default
7.
Alarm 4 Control
(a) Alarm
8.
Feed Limit Timer
(a) Feed Limit
(b) Timeout Value
9.
Interval Timer
(a) Timer (selection)
Disable/alarm 1/alarm 2/alarm 3
(b) Timer (activation method) Time activated/Imped.activated
D.
E.
USER SETTINGS
(b) Hysteresis (deadband)
(d) Relay Default
3.
ORP SETTINGS
Alarm 1 Setup
(c) Interval
0-999.9 hr
24.0 hr
_______
(d) Repeats
1-60
1
_______
(e) On Time
0-2999 sec
120 sec
_______
(f) Off Time
0-2999 sec
1 sec
_______
(g) Recovery
0-999 sec
600 sec
_______
Diagnostics (Section 5.8)
1.
Diagnostics (Glass and Reference)
4.
Ref(erence) Imp(edance) High 0-140 KOhms (0 disables)
On/Off
5.
Zero Offset
0-999 mV (0 disables)
Off
_______
140 KOhms
_______
60 mV
_______
Security (Section 7)
1.
Lock all
000-999
000 (no security)
_______
2.
Lock Program (Lock all except Calibrate) 000-999
000 (no security)
_______
3.
Lock Config. (Lock all except Calibrate,
000 (no security)
_______
Alarm Setpoints and Rerange Outputs)
000-999
73
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
APPENDIX A
ORP CONFIGURATION
Accessing Calibrate, Program and Configure
Menus. Operating configuration changes are made at
the levels shown in Figure A-1. Press any key from
the main display to access the main menu (top left).
Refer to Section 5 for pH measurements.
Level 2 Program. To access the program level from
the main menu, place the cursor over "Program" with
the down arrow key. Then press Enter (F4). From the
program level menu, changes can be made to the
alarm setpoints and the output setpoints.
Level 1 Calibrate. To access calibration selections
from the main menu, with the cursor on "Calibrate"
press Enter (F4). ORP standardization and temperature adjustments are made at this level (refer to
Section A.1 and Section 3.1 for these procedures).
Level 3 Configure. To access the configure level
from the main menu place cursor over "Program" and
Enter (F4) then place cursor over "Configure" and
Enter (F4). This level contains advanced selections,
such as alarms and diagnostics.
Calibrate
Diagnostic variables
Program
Exit
PRESS TWO ARROWS
and then ENTER
Enter
b
PRESS ENTER
Exit
Standardize
Adjust temperature
Exit
Display
Outputs
Alarms
Alarm setpoints
Output setpoints
Simulated tests
Exit
Enter
b
b
Enter
Diagnostics
Security
Simulated tests
Configure
Exit
Exit
Enter
PROGRAM MENU SEC
TION
Alarm setpoints
5.1
Output setpoints (PID)5.2
Output setpoints
5.3
Simulated tests
5.4
PRESS
ENTER
FIGURE A-1. Outline of Menu Levels for ORP
74
Enter
PRESS
ARROWS
PRESS
ARROWS
CALIBRATE MENU SECTION
Buffer Calibration 4.2, 4.3
Standardize pH
4.4
Adjust Temperature 4.1
Temp Compensation4.5
pH slope
4.6
More
More
CONFIGURE MENU
TION
Display
Outputs
Alarms
Diagnostics
Security
Enter
SEC5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
7.1
MODEL 54e pH/ORP
APPENDIX A
ORP CONFIGURATION
A.1 ORP CALIBRATION
ORP Calibration consists of a single standardize adjustment that changes
the zero offset of the controller. This procedure can be done with the ORP
sensor in an ORP standard solution or with the sensor left in the process
and a laboratory analysis of a grab sample.
1. From the main display, press any key to obtain the main menu. With
the cursor on "Calibrate", press Enter (F4).
NOTE
The Hold Mode screen may appear at this time if the feature was
enabled in Section 5.6. Changing the Hold Mode to ON holds the
outputs in a fixed state, and avoids process upsets during calibration. If you don't want to engage Hold, simply press F3 (Cont).
Otherwise, press F4 (Edit), and change the Hold Mode to On
before continuing.
Standardize
Adjust temperature
Exit
Skip to step 4 if using an ORP standard solution.
2. Take a grab sample that is as close to the sensor as possible.
Enter
3. Using a calibrated ORP instrument, determine the ORP of the
process or grab sample.
4. Move the cursor to “Standardize” and press Enter (F4).
400 mV
Standardize: 400 mV
Exit
Enter
5. The number on the large display is the live process ORP reading. The
next line displays the ORP reading when the display was accessed.
Press Edit (F4) to perform the standardize.
Use the arrow b key to change the reading to the desired value and then
press Save (F4) to complete the procedure. Esc (F3) will cancel.
NOTE
The + sign can be changed to a - sign after the numerical portion
of the number has been entered by highlighting the + and pressing the down arrow key.
400 mV
Before exiting the calibration mode, remember to change the hold mode
setting to OFF (if it was turned on in step 3).
Standardize: +0402 mV
Esc
Save
75
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