Emulex 355 Computer Drive User Manual

InSpeed
Model 355
TM
USER’S GUIDE
SAN Storage Switch
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 User’s Guide
Part Number 00041407-001 Rev. A
© 2003 Emulex Corporation. All rights reserved.
Emulex and Vixel are registered trademarks, and InSpeed and FibreSpy are trademarks, of Emulex Corporation. All
other brand or product names referenced herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
companies or organizations.
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INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
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Table of Contents
1
Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 1
2
Switch Installation ........................................................................................................... 6
3
Switch Management ...................................................................................................... 13
4
Technical Reference....................................................................................................... 56
Appendixes .............................................................................................................. 60
A
Specifications ................................................................................................................. 61
B
CLI Quick Reference ...................................................................................................... 62
C
Event Messages ............................................................................................................ 65
D
AL_PA Cross References............................................................................................... 67
E
Glossary......................................................................................................................... 68
Index ........................................................................................................................ 69
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CHAPTER 1
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
Overview......................................................................1
Features ......................................................................2
InSpeed™ Technology .................................................2
Switch Applications ......................................................3
Note: Important safety, electromagnetic compatibility, and regulatory information is contained in the
Safety & Regulatory Guide. The installation and use of this product must be in accordance with
the information provided in that guide.
This guide is designed to provide users with the necessary information to install and manage the
InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 for use in Fibre Channel applications in typical entry-level
Storage Area Networks (SANs).
OVERVIEW
The InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 is designed for entry-level Storage Area Networks
(SANs), which provide the following advantages over direct attached storage:
•
Greater application availability
•
Higher performance between servers and storage devices
•
Improved storage asset utilization
•
Lower storage management and support costs
•
Incremental scalability to keep up with difficult to estimate storage growth
This switch is ideal for storage pooling and consolidation, high-performance shared tape library backup
and recovery, server clustering, and streaming rich media applications.
Enclosed in a 1U, half-rack form factor enclosure, the switch is built around the InSpeed™ SOC 320 and
is controlled by firmware loaded into the on-board Flash.
The switch is designed as a central interconnect following the ANSI FC-AL standard. Devices are
connected to the switch through Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) transceivers and cables. Each
attached node has 1 or 2 Gigabits per second (Gb/s) of Fibre Channel bandwidth. The switch operates
at full switching bandwidth that reaches speeds of 4 Gb/s per port and up to 48 Gb/s of aggregate
bandwidth.
Complete switch configuration and management is available through the intuitive, graphical-based Web
Manager interface. A variety of network configurations are easily established using the switch’s Port
Smart Settings, One-Step Zoning, Automatic Trunking, and Load Balancing features. In addition, the
switch features granular change notification management, retained system configuration parameters,
and a Command Line Interface (CLI) for advanced users.
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
FEATURES
The InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 has the following features:
•
•
High Performance Fibre Channel Switching:
•
Wire speed non-blocking Crossbar switch core
•
Single 12-port InSpeed SOC 320 ASIC with embedded SERDES
•
Multiple simultaneous conversations between ports
•
Traffic routed directly to destination ports
•
2 Gb/s or 1 Gb/s performance across all ports
•
Aggregate bandwidth of 48 Gb/s
•
Supports cascades up to 3 switches and up to 126 host and storage devices
•
No complex fabric services or buffers
•
Effortlessly connects to any vendor’s fabric
Patent-pending technology:
•
Fairness and Prioritization–ensures devices all have guaranteed access, or explicitly
have prioritized access, over all other devices in a system.
•
StealthTM Intelligent Change Manager–delivers maximum stability through automatic
elimination of state and change notification system disruptions and unprecedented
control of disruptive events.
•
Automatic Trunking–enables fully-multiplied throughput and bandwidth, failover pathing,
and dynamic load balancing and device prioritization.
•
Advanced diagnostics, performance monitoring, and fault isolation including continuous switch
and port monitoring and automatic bypass of problematic or unused ports.
•
Port Smart Settings, which are predefined port-level configurations that optimize switch
performance and stability.
•
One-Step Zoning, including overlapping/non-overlapping zones with port or AL_PA-based
zoning.
•
Switch management using the embedded http-based web server, Command Line Interface
(CLI), or Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
•
Half-rack, 1U size for easy installation (optional 19" rack-mounting kits available).
•
Fibre Channel ANSI Standards Compliance
INSPEED™ TECHNOLOGY
InSpeed™ technology is an advanced switching architecture that couples a non-blocking crossbar
switch with a unique switch port logic and per-port SERDES. This results in the industry’s highest
density Fibre Channel switch on a chip (SOC). The port logic is based on Fibre Channel-Arbitrated Loop
(FC-AL), an ANSI standard (X3T11) designed to provide shared bandwidth over low-cost media.
This architecture enables the switch’s router to send data directly from one port to another, allowing for
multiple, simultaneous conversations between ports—effectively multiplying bandwidth. InSpeed™
provides the same performance as complex fabric switches that support FC-SW2. InSpeed™ can even
exceed fabric switch performance in entry-level SAN environments, where the overhead associated with
longer name addressing and services is not beneficial.
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
SWITCH APPLICATIONS
The InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 is ideal for consolidation and shared storage pooling,
high-performance shared tape library backup and recovery, server clustering, and streaming rich media
applications. The following sections provide examples of these applications.
Storage Consolidation and Shared Storage Pooling
In this configuration, the switch enables multiple hosts to share single or multiple storage systems. This
application replaces direct-attached configurations that require multiple storage systems to be attached
to separate servers, which often results in difficult to manage multiple systems and trapped, unused
storage islands (storage cannot be shared with other servers).
Figure 1-1: Before storage consolidation...
and after storage consolidation.
Benefits include:
•
Improved incremental scalability–connect up to 12 hosts and/or other storage devices, including
tape libraries, to a single switch.
•
Lower storage management support costs.
•
Improved capacity utilization that enables effective use of both servers and storage.
For larger system environments, multiple switches can be connected and Automatic Trunking can be
used to keep performance and availability at high levels. As a best practice when using multiple
switches, connect servers and their related storage devices through the same switch to optimize
performance.
Figure 1-2: Multiple switch storage consolidation diagram
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Figure 1-2 depicts a sample multiple switch storage consolidation configuration in which multiple servers
communicate with storage devices and zoning is incorporated. The zoning in Figure 1-2 might be set up
to configure a multiple operating system environment. For example, Zone 1 might be Windows-based,
Zone 2 might be Linux-based, and Zone 3 might be Unix-based. Zoning can also be used to improve
security by masking storage devices or files. For example, a finance department could secure financial
files from viewing by the engineering department, which in turn could secure engineering files from
viewing by the finance department.
Tape Library Consolidation
Another switch application is the consolidation of multiple tape libraries attached to individual servers
into a single library for all servers for backup and restore purposes.
Benefits include:
•
Improved cost effectiveness.
•
Improved availability for performing system backups:
•
Off-LAN System Backups often reduce the amount of time it takes backups (and
recovery) to occur because SANs run at higher performance bandwidth than LANs.
•
Server-less backups enable applications to remain fully active during backup and
recovery processes, when combined with the appropriate backup software solution.
Figure 1-3 depicts a sample tape library consolidation configuration.
Figure 1-3: Before consolidation, backup and restore data must
travel on the LAN, congesting traffic and operating at slow
speeds.
After consolidation, backup and restore data
travels on the high speed SAN separate from
LAN traffic.
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
Rich Media
For rich media applications, the switch provides improved storage and file sharing from a single storage
pool for multiple workstations.
Figure 1-4 depicts a sample rich media configuration.
Figure 1-4: Rich media diagram
Server Clustering
In this configuration, the switch helps deliver improved application availability when combined with a
server clustering software solution, like Microsoft Cluster Server or Veritas Cluster Server. This prevents
system downtime in case of failure to one of the application servers.
Figure 1-5 depicts a sample server clustering configuration.
Figure 1-5: Server clustering diagram
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CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 2 SWITCH INSTALLATION
SWITCH INSTALLATION
Installation Preparation ................................................6
Switch Installation ........................................................7
Switch LEDs ................................................................9
SFP Compatibility ...................................................... 11
Booting the Switch and SAN ......................................12
INSTALLATION PREPARATION
After receiving the switch, perform the following steps to ensure the switch and other contents arrived
safely.
To unpack the switch:
1. Inspect the outer shipping container for any damage that may have occurred in shipping. Report
any sign of damage to the appropriate shipping agency.
2. Remove the switch and cables from the shipping container; save the shipping container, foam,
and antistatic bags—returning the switch in any other container is not advised.
Make sure the following parts are included:
•
Switch unit
•
RS-232 null-modem serial cable
•
Power cable
•
Self-adhesive pads (4)
•
InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 Quick Install Card
•
Product Release Notes
•
Safety and Regulatory Guide
•
Additional documentation, including warranty information and the End User License
Agreement.
3. Inspect the switch thoroughly. (If any signs of damage are seen, notify a sales representative
and/or the shipping agency.)
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CHAPTER 2 SWITCH INSTALLATION
SWITCH INSTALLATION
The switch may be placed on a desktop or installed in a rack.
Desktop Installation
To place the switch on a desktop:
1. Turn the switch upside down so the case bottom is facing up.
2. Install a self-adhesive pad (included) on each corner of the switch bottom approximately 1 inch
from each side (prevents surface damage).
3. Turn the switch right-side up so the case bottom is facing down and place the switch on a stable
table or platform.
Note: Important safety, electromagnetic compatibility, and regulatory information is
contained in the Safety & Regulatory Guide. The installation and use of this product
must be in accordance with the information given in that guide.
For information on environmental requirements, see “Operating Conditions” on page 61.
Rack Installation
Installing the switch in an equipment rack requires an optional rack mount kit (sold separately). The rack
mount kit holds two switches. Contact a sales representative for more information or assistance in
purchasing a kit.
Installing the switch(es) in a rack requires the following items:
•
•
•
Rack mount kit (Part Number 00651359-701)
4 thread forming screws, 6-32 x 1/4 100° (included in the Rack Mount Kit)
No. 2 Phillips screwdriver
To install the switch(es) in the tray:
1. Turn the switch(es) over (upside-down) on a flat surface.
2. Turn the tray over (upside-down) and place it on top of the switch(es).
3. Align the tray and the switch(es) using the four holes indicated in Figure 2-1. Make sure the back
lip of the tray is aligned with the back side of the switch(es).
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CHAPTER 2 SWITCH INSTALLATION
Figure 2-1: Diagram Depicting Switch Installation into Tray (Note: Switches and tray are displayed
upside-down to facilitate proper installation.)
4. Using a No. 2 Phillips screwdriver, attach the switch(es) to the tray by installing the 4 thread
forming screws (6-32 x 1/4 100° ) into the aligned holes.
Note: While there are eight holes on each side of the tray, only the four holes indicated on
each side of the tray in Figure 2-1 should be used for the switch.
5. Turn the tray over with the attached switch(es) now on the top of the tray.
Install the tray with the switch(es) attached into a rack following the instructions provided with the rack
mount kit.
UL Guidelines for Mounting Equipment in a Rack
When installing equipment in a rack, give careful consideration to the following factors:
•
•
•
•
•
The operating ambient temperature of rack-mounted equipment must not exceed the maximum
rated ambient temperature, which is indicated in this installation guide. (See “Operating
Conditions” on page 61.)
The air flow clearances specified in this installation guide must be maintained within the rack.
(See “Operating Conditions” on page 61.)
The AC supply circuit for rack-mounted equipment must be capable of supplying the total current
specified on all the labels of the rack-mounted equipment.
All AC power supply connections must be properly earthed. To ensure the integrity of the earth
connection, special attention must be given to connections that are not directly connected to the
branch circuit (for example, power strips).
The rack-mounting hardware has been carefully selected to properly support the equipment.
Any alternate rack-mounting hardware must provide equal or superior support.
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CHAPTER 2 SWITCH INSTALLATION
SWITCH LEDS
The switch incorporates three sets of Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) to indicate ethernet, switch, and port
status:
1. Ethernet LEDs – two separate LEDs indicating the network connection status.
2. System LEDs – four separate LEDs indicating the switch’s status.
3. Port LEDs – two LEDs per port indicating the port’s status.
Ethernet LEDs
Port LEDs
System LEDs
Figure 2-2: Switch View Depicting Ethernet, Port, and System LEDs
Ethernet LEDs
The Ethernet LEDs indicate the network connection status:
Ethernet Activity
Ethernet Link
Figure 2-3: Ethernet LEDs
Ethernet LEDs
Indication
Ethernet Activity
(green LED)
• When flashing, the ethernet port is receiving data.
• When flashing rapidly, the traffic level is high.
Ethernet Link
(green LED)
When lit, the switch is connected to an operational ethernet.
System LEDs
The System LEDs indicate the switch’s status, independent of the port LEDs.
Fault
Power
2 Gb/s
Switch Operational
Figure 2-4: System LEDs
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USER ’S GUIDE
System LEDs
Fault
(yellow LED)
CHAPTER 2 SWITCH INSTALLATION
Indication
• When lit, one or more of the ports has failed or the internal temperature has
exceeded acceptable levels.
• When flashing, all ports are operational but another error has occurred. Errors appear
in an event log. The level of error severity that will cause flashing to start can be
controlled using the config sys fault command in the CLI. The default is level 3,
Critical.
Note: Whether lit or flashing, the switch will continue to operate. Switch functionality
may be impaired depending on the event that triggered the Fault LED. Regardless of
the cause, the switch requires immediate attention.
Power
(green LED)
When lit, the switch is plugged in and the internal power supply is functional.
2 Gb/s
(green LED)
When lit, the switch is set to operate at a speed of 2 Gb/s. When off, the switch is set to
1 Gb/s.
Switch
Operational
(green LED)
• When lit, indicates that the switch has completed initialization for ports with inserted
SFPs and that the switch is operational.
• When flashing, the switch has been configured for multiple zones, and one or more
zones are up with at least one zone down.
If no zones (excluding hard zones) are operational, the LED turns off.
Port LEDs
The Port LEDs indicate the port’s status. Each port has two LEDs:
•
•
SFP Status LED
Port Bypassed LED
SFP Status
Port Bypassed
Figure 2-5: Ethernet LEDs
SFP Status
LED
(green LED)
Port Bypassed
LED
(yellow LED)
Indication
Off
Off
Normal port operational status when an SFP is not installed.
Off
On or Flashing
The port is bypassed due to a faulty or improperly seated SFP. After
fixing this problem, power may need to be cycled before the LED
indication will change.
Flashing
Off
Activity. Data is being transferred between the port and device.
On
Off
Normal operation but no activity. Port and device are fully operational.
On
Flashing
Manually bypassed. A port can be manually bypassed using the Web
Manager’s Bypass Port feature.
On
On
Bypassed. SFP is installed but the port is not receiving a valid signal or
is receiving an F8 Failure notification from the attached device.
Flashing
Flashing
Beaconing. This is set manually using the Web Manager or CLI.
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SFP COMPATIBILITY
SFPs are “hot-pluggable” into the switch, which allows host computers, servers, and storage devices to
be added dynamically without requiring power removal from the switch or any connected devices.
The switch supports Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) modules that comply with the SFP
specification as produced by the MSA consortium and have passed Emulex Corporation’s qualification
testing.
The following manufacturers of 1-2Gb optical, shortwave SFPs are recommended:
•
•
Finisar
JDS Uniphase
Contact a customer service representative to request the certified part numbers for these vendors.
Installing an SFP
If the Change Notification on Insertion policy is enabled, plugging an SFP into the switch will
automatically send an F7 Initialization notification to indicate the device is ready to begin initialization.
Caution: Forcing an SFP into a port may damage the SFP and/or port.
To insert an SFP:
1. Remove dust covers or plugs from the SFPs, if provided.
2. Slide the SFP into the port, ensuring correct polarity, until the latch clicks into place.
Removing an SFP
To extract an SFP:
Determine what kind of extraction mechanism the SFP has and remove the SFP as follows:
If the SFP has a removal tag, remove the cable from the SFP and then pull the removal tag outward
and toward the side of the SFP with the tag.
If the SFP has a small plastic slider on the top or bottom, remove the cable from the SFP and then
push in the slider and hold while pulling out the SFP.
If the SFP has a bale (small metal clasp), remove the cable from the SFP and then unlatch, pivot,
and pull the bale.
Attaching a Device to the Switch
To attach a device:
1. Make sure that the device is FC-AL compatible.
2. Attach a cable to the device.
3. Attach the other end of the cable to an SFP.
4. Make sure that the device and switch are operational and set to the same speed.
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BOOTING THE SWITCH
AND
CHAPTER 2 SWITCH INSTALLATION
SAN
The following procedure is recommended when booting the switch and SAN. Before powering on the
switch and SAN, read the Release Notes, included with the switch contents, to determine any
modifications that may be required for a specific installation.
To boot the switch and SAN:
1. Power on the storage devices (such as JBODs, tape libraries, and RAIDs).
2. Insert the plug end of the switch’s power cord to a properly grounded power source.
3. Insert the power cord’s IEC connector end into the switch’s power receptacle.
The switch powers on and runs Power-On Self-Test (POST) diagnostics to verify the
fundamental integrity of the switch ports. All switch LEDs turn on (LEDs illuminate). Then,
excluding the Ethernet Link and Power LEDs, the LEDs turn off (LEDs extinguish). Once the
switch is operational, the LEDs display current status as described in “Switch LEDs” on page 9.
Note: The power cord’s IEC connector plug serves as the switch’s disconnect device. To
cycle power to the switch, remove and reconnect the switch’s power cord.
4. Power on any other switches connected to the SAN.
5. For certain applications, switch configuration must be completed before continuing with the next
step. For information regarding switch configuration, see Chapter 3: Switch Management.
6. After all switches have initialized, power on the hosts.
The network initializes.
Note: FC-AL compatible nodes must perform initialization procedures upon power-up in
order to function properly. It is the responsibility of the Fibre Channel driver software
on FC-AL nodes to perform this initialization.
7. Check all port LEDs.
The SAN should be fully operational at this point. However, it is appropriate to ensure proper
discovery has taken place and all required devices are participating in the network. Some host
bus adapters may provide this level of functionality or it might be resident in the application
software on the host operating system.
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CHAPTER 3
CHAPTER 3 SWITCH MANAGEMENT
SWITCH MANAGEMENT
Getting Started ...........................................................14
Managing the Switch..................................................19
Monitoring the Switch.................................................47
This chapter is divided into three sections providing information on how to manage and monitor the
switch:
•
•
•
Getting Started – Describes how to configure the network interface, use the Web Manager, and
perform a basic initial setup of the switch.
Managing the Switch - Describes how to configure the switch and port settings, manage
firmware versions and configuration files, set switch thresholds, and configure One-Step Zoning,
Automatic Trunking, and Load Balancing.
Monitoring the Switch – Describes how to view switch information, the event log, port
information, and port diagnostics.
The switch incorporates two distinct interfaces for managing and monitoring purposes:
•
•
The Web Manager interface provides an intuitive graphical user interface that enables users to
quickly check switch status or modify switch settings in a visual environment.
The Command Line Interface (CLI) provides flexibility and additional functionality for advanced
users.
Both of these interfaces provide nearly identical functionality; however, for the purposes of this guide,
the Web Manager interface is used for switch and port configuration unless otherwise noted.
For a list of CLI commands, see Appendix B: CLI Quick Reference on page 62. For additional
information on the CLI, see the InSpeed Storage Switch CLI Reference Guide.
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GETTING STARTED
This section explains how to configure the switch’s ethernet network settings prior to using the Web
Manager. Once the switch’s network settings are configured, use the Web Manager to perform a quick
switch setup.
Configuring the Network Interface
Before using the Web Manager, ensure the switch’s ethernet network parameter settings are correct for
the network configuration. The switch ships with the following default IP settings:
•
IP Address: 169.254.10.10
•
Netmask: 255.255.0.0
•
Gateway: 0.0.0.0
To adjust these settings to open the Web Manager, connect to the switch using the provided serial
interface cable and follow the instructions below.
To connect through a serial interface:
1. Attach one end of the included RS-232 null modem cable to the computer’s DB-9 serial port and
attach the other end to the switch’s DB-9 serial port.
2. Open a terminal session through a serial terminal emulation program (such as HyperTerminal®)
with the appropriate serial port (for example, COM1) and the following serial port parameters:
•
Bits per second: 19200
•
Data bits: 8
•
Parity: None
•
Stop bits: 1
•
Flow control: None
3. If using HyperTerminal, press ENTER to receive a prompt.
If using the tip command on a UNIX workstation, do the following:
a. View the /etc/remote file and create an alias similar to Hardware but with the serial port
parameters above. (Suggested name: Switch)
b. Use the tip command to establish a connection through the created alias, for example
tip switch. (For more information, see the tip command Manual page.)
4. Type the password at the prompt and press ENTER. (The default password is password.)
5. From the serial terminal emulation program, type config network ip and press ENTER.
The switch’s current IP parameters are displayed with a prompt for entering the IP address.
6. Change the IP address and press ENTER.
7. Use the mask and gateway commands to change the subnet mask and default gateway
respectively.
8. Type save and press ENTER.
9. Type root reset and press ENTER.
10. Type y and press ENTER to reset the switch.
11. Attach the computer to the switch’s 10/100 ethernet connector by doing one of the following:
•
•
Attach an ethernet RJ-45 cross-over cable directly between the computer and the
switch.
Attach two ethernet RJ-45 twisted pair cables from the computer and the switch into an
operational ethernet patch panel or hub.
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Connecting to the Web Manager
The Web Manager displays current port utilization and health, enables easy to use Port Smart Settings
and One-Step Zoning, and several additional features discussed later in this chapter.
Note: The Web Manager supports the Microsoft Internet Explorer version 5.5 or later web browser
on Windows or Apple OS-X operating systems.
To connect to the Web Manager:
1. Ensure the workstation has access to the network on which the switch is connected.
2. Open Microsoft Internet Explorer, version 5.5 or later.
3. In the address bar, type the switch’s DNS name or IP address and press ENTER.
Web Manager Overview
The Web Manager enables users to view and configure switch and port settings using an intuitive,
graphical user interface. The main page is the Switch Information page. This page displays general
switch status and continually refreshes to display the most current switch status. For more information
on the Switch Information page, see “Switch Information” on page 47.
To return to this page at any time, click the InSpeed™ Storage Switch menu item.
Command
buttons
Navigation Menu
Current page
information
Figure 3-1: Web Manager interface
Note: The web browser’s appearance and information depends on the switch’s active firmware
version and may change without notice in subsequent firmware versions.
The Web Manager interface consists of a series of command buttons, an expandable navigation menu,
and the displayed information area. The command buttons and navigation menu are always present on
the page.
Command Button
Description
Submit
Saves any changes made to the switch configuration. This button is disabled
until a configuration setting is changed or new information is entered. This
button appears green to notify the user of a change to the switch
configuration. Click this button to accept the configuration change.
Cancel
Cancels a request. This button is disabled until a configuration setting is
changed or new information is entered. This button appears green to notify the
user of a change to the switch configuration. Click this button to cancel the
configuration change.
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Command Button
CHAPTER 3 SWITCH MANAGEMENT
Description
Reboot
Resets the switch.
Login/Logout
Logs in to and out of the switch.
Refresh
Redraws the currently displayed web page.
The expandable navigation menu provides several options for configuring and monitoring the switch.
The menu uses a tree-based navigation structure with a list of menu options and items. Clicking a menu
option with a "+" next to it expands the menu option and displays additional menu items. Clicking a menu
item displays the selected Web Manager page.
To ensure that the most current information is displayed, use the navigation menu instead of the
browser’s Back and Next buttons, which usually display cached copies and may not reflect current
switch information.
To log out of the Web Manager, click Logout, or simply close the browser window.
Note: The Web Manager will automatically log users out after 15 minutes of inactivity, unless the
Switch Information page is currently displayed. The Switch Information page automatically
updates to display the most current switch status.
Documentation
The Web Manager’s Help menu provides links to online product documentation and firmware
downloads.
To access product documentation:
1. Click Help > Documentation.
2. Click Product Docs.
A documentation request web page appears.
3. Enter the appropriate information and click Submit Request.
An email message is sent to the provided email address with the web page location for the
requested product documentation.
To view Technical Brief documentation, click Technical Briefs.
To download firmware:
1. Click Help > Downloads.
A download request web page appears.
2. Enter the appropriate information and click Submit Request.
An email message is sent to the provided email address with the web page location for the
requested firmware download.
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CHAPTER 3 SWITCH MANAGEMENT
Initial Switch Setup
Once a network connection has been established with the switch and an instance of the Web Manager is
open, some basic switch configuration tasks are recommended:
•
•
•
•
Log in to the switch.
Change the switch’s password.
Verify the switch’s date and time settings.
Change the switch’s name.
For additional information on Web Manager features and functionality, see “Managing the Switch” on
page 19 and “Monitoring the Switch” on page 47.
Step 1: Log in to the Switch
The switch incorporates a password-level security system to prevent unwanted changes to the current
switch configuration. In order to make any changes to the switch, users must be logged in to the switch.
To log in to the switch:
1. Click Login on any Web Manager page.
A message box appears confirming the login request.
2. Click OK.
The switch login page appears.
3. Enter the switch’s password.
The default password is "password".
4. Click Log In.
A message page appears while the page is loading. If the page fails to load in the indicated time,
click Continue.
See “Logging in to the Switch” on page 20 for additional information.
Step 2: Change the Password
The default password is set at the factory to "password". Change the default password to secure the
switch and guarantee that any configuration changes are only performed by registered users.
To change the password:
1. Click Switch > Password.
The Switch Password page appears.
2. Enter the new password in the New Password text box.
Note: The password must be between 6 and 25 characters in length and is case sensitive.
3. Enter the new password again in the Confirm New Password text box.
4. Click Submit.
A message box appears confirming the change to the switch’s configuration.
5. Click OK.
The Password set success message appears confirming that the new password was saved and
activated.
See “Changing the Password” on page 25 for additional information.
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Step 3: Verify the Date and Time
During the initial Web Manager session, the date and time for the switch are set based on the host
system’s current settings.
To view the current date and time:
1. Click Switch > Date & Time.
The Switch Date & Time page appears.
To set the date and time settings:
1. Enter the new date and time settings in the appropriate fields.
2. Click Submit.
The new date and time appear under Current Date & Time.
To synchronize the current date and time settings with the host system:
1. Click Host Time.
The date and time of the current host system appear in the New Date & Time text box.
2. Click Submit.
The new date and time appear under Current Date & Time.
See “Configuring Date and Time Settings” on page 24 for additional information.
Step 4: Change the Switch Name
While not required, changing the switch’s name is recommended for identification and troubleshooting
purposes.
To change the switch name:
1. Click Switch > Configuration.
The Switch Configuration page appears.
2. Enter the new name in the Name text box.
3. Click Submit.
The new name appears in the Name text box and also appears in the title bar after the
"InSpeed™" label.
Note: The web page may have to be refreshed before seeing the name change. Press F5
to refresh the web browser instance or open a new web browser instance.
See “Switch Identification” on page 21 for additional information.
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MANAGING THE SWITCH
The InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 provides several options for managing and configuring
the switch to meet the needs of the network environment.
This section describes how to log in to the switch, configure switch and port settings, manage firmware
and configuration files, and configure One-Step Zoning, Automatic Trunking, and Load Balancing.
Frequent Switch Configuration Tasks
A list of frequent switch configuration-related tasks is provided below. The list displays the task, the
corresponding Web Manager command, and a reference to where more information may be found in this
guide.
To…
Click…
In this guide, see...
View switch status
InSpeed™ Storage Switch
“Viewing Switch Status” on page 47.
Change general switch
configuration
Switch > Configuration
“Configuring the Switch Settings” on page 20.
Change the IP Address
Switch > Configuration
“Network Location” on page 21
Change the switch speed
Switch > Configuration
“Switch Speed” on page 22.
View the event log
Switch > Event Log
“Viewing the Event Log” on page 49.
Configure traps
Switch > SNMP Traps
“Setting SNMP Traps” on page 23.
Upgrade the firmware
Switch > Files
“Switch Firmware Files” on page 35.
Change the Port Smart
Settings
Port > Smart Settings
“Configuring the Port Smart Settings” on
page 27.
Configure One-Step Zoning
Advanced Functions >
One-Step Zoning
“One-Step Zoning” on page 36.
Configure Automatic
Trunking
Advanced Functions >
Automatic Trunking
“Automatic Trunking” on page 44.
Configure Load Balancing
Advanced Functions >
Load Balancing
“Load Balancing” on page 45.
Reset the switch
Reboot
“Configuring the Switch Settings” on page 20.
For information on viewing switch status and information, see “Monitoring the Switch” on page 47.
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Logging in to the Switch
The Web Manager requires users to log in to the switch when changes are made to the switch’s
configuration. Log in is not required for viewing switch information.
To log in to the switch:
1. Click Login on any Web Manager page.
A message box appears confirming the login request.
2. Click OK.
The Switch Login page appears.
Figure 3-2: Switch Login page
3. Enter the switch’s password.
Note: If you do not remember the password, contact a customer service representative.
4. Click Log In.
A message page appears while the page is loading. If the page fails to load in the indicated time,
click Continue.
Configuring the Switch Settings
Several switch configuration settings may be changed to customize the switch to the network
environment. To make a change to the current switch configuration, users must be logged in to the
switch or know the switch password (the switch prompts users for the password before accepting
changes to any configuration settings).
To change a switch setting:
1. Enter new information or make changes to current settings.
2. Click Submit.
The Web Manager page displays the new settings or information.
Changes to certain switch settings require that the switch be reset for those changes to occur. Users
must be logged in to the Web Manager to reset the switch.
To reset the switch:
1. Ensure any changes to the current switch configuration have been saved.
2. Click Reboot on the Web Manager page.
The switch will reset.
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General Switch Settings
The Switch Configuration page displays general settings and switch identification information.
To view the Switch Configuration page, click Switch > Configuration.
Figure 3-3: Switch Configuration page
Switch Identification
This section includes general switch identification information.
Setting
Description
Name
The name of the switch.
Location
The location of the switch.
Contact Name
The person or group to contact about the switch.
Serial Number
A unique identification number assigned to each switch at the factory. Cannot be
configured or modified.
The name, location, and contact name information may be modified for the network environment. The
Serial Number setting is factory set and cannot be modified.
To change the name, location, or contact name:
1. Click Switch > Configuration.
2. Enter the new value in the appropriate text box.
3. Click Submit.
The Switch Configuration page displays the updated information.
Network Location
The switch’s network location is identified by the IP Address, Netmask, and Gateway fields.
Setting
Description
Ethernet IP Address
The current IP Address for the switch.
Netmask
The current IP Netmask address for the switch.
Default Gateway
The current Gateway address for the switch.
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To change the switch’s network location settings:
1. Click Switch > Configuration.
2. Enter the new value in the appropriate text box.
3. Click Submit.
The Switch Configuration page displays the updated information.
Version Information
The different software and hardware versions include:
Setting
Description
MAC ID
A unique device address (MAC address) assigned to each switch at the factory.
Cannot be configured or modified.
Switch FW Version
The current firmware loaded onto the switch.
Switch HW Version
The hardware version of the switch. Cannot be configured or modified.
InSpeed SOC Version
The SOC 320 version that is used in the switch. Cannot be configured or
modified.
MIB Version
The proprietary Management Information Base version that is supported through
SNMP. Cannot be configured or modified.
Switch Speed
The Switch Speed setting indicates the current speed per port at which the switch is running. All ports
operate at the same speed. The default switch speed is set to 2.125 Gb/s.
To change the switch speed:
1. Click Switch > Configuration.
2. Select the desired speed.
Setting
Description
1 Gb/s
Set switch speed to 1.0625 Gb/s.
2 Gb/s
Set switch speed to 2.125 Gb/s.
3. Click Submit.
Blocking ARB
When two ports start a communication session, the Blocking ARB is sent to all other ports trying to
communicate with those ports until the connection is terminated. The default setting is "FF". If other
connected devices use the "FF" setting for another purpose, select another Blocking ARB value (for
example, "FB"). Under normal circumstances, this setting does not need to be modified.
Agent Up Time
The Agent Up Time field displays the duration of time that the switch has been operational. If the switch
is rebooted or power is cycled, this value is reset.
The Agent Up Time field is for display purposes and cannot be configured.
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Setting SNMP Traps
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) uses traps to transmit information to SNMP-based
network administration programs. The Switch SNMP Trap Configuration page displays information on
the switch’s current SNMP trap configuration.
To view the SNMP trap configuration page, click Switch > SNMP Traps.
Figure 3-4: Switch SNMP Trap Configuration page
To configure an SNMP trap:
1. Enter the Trap IP address for the device to which the trap information will be sent.
2. Enter the Trap Port number.
This value is usually set to "162" for Windows and Apple-based networks.
3. Select the State.
State
Description
Active
The trap sends messages to the host identified in the IP Address
selection.
Inactive
The trap is not operational.
Delete
The trap will be deleted from the table once changes are saved.
4. Click Submit.
When editing a registered IP address, delete the current IP address and create a new entry for the
revised IP address.
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Configuring Date and Time Settings
The Switch Date & Time page displays the switch’s current date and time. During the initial Web
Manager session, the date and time for the switch are set based on the host system’s current settings. If
the switch is rebooted or power is cycled, the system clock will reset and the switch’s date and time
settings will be set to the host system’s time settings of the next user to log in to the switch.
To change the time:
1. Click Switch > Date & Time.
The Switch Date & Time page appears.
Figure 3-5: Switch Date & Time page
2. Enter the desired date and time in the appropriate fields.
3. Click Submit.
The new date and time appear under Current Date & Time.
To synchronize time with the host system:
1. Click Host Time.
The date and time of the current host system appear in the New Date & Time text box.
2. Click Submit.
The new time appears under Current Date & Time.
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Changing the Password
The Switch Password page enables users to change the password for modifying the switch’s
configuration. The same password is used to access both the Web Manager and the CLI.
Note: Until the default switch password is changed, any user with knowledge of the default password
can make changes to the switch’s configuration.
To change the password:
1. Click Switch > Password.
The Switch Password page appears.
Figure 3-6: Switch Password page
2. Type the new password in the New Password text box.
Note: The password must be between 6 and 25 characters in length and is case sensitive.
3. Type the password again in the Confirm New Password text box.
4. Click Submit. If users are not logged in to the switch, a password prompt appears requesting
that the current password be entered. Enter the current password to proceed.
A message displays confirming that the password was saved and activated.
Opening a Telnet Session
Some switch operations may require advanced features currently not found in the Web Manager. These
features are available in the Command Line Interface (CLI), which can be accessed through the Web
Manager by opening a telnet session to the switch.
To open a telnet session with the switch:
1. Click Advanced Functions > Telnet Session.
A message box appears confirming the opening of a telnet session to the switch.
2. Click OK to proceed.
3. Enter the switch’s password and press ENTER.
For additional information on CLI features and functionality, see the InSpeed CLI Storage Switch
Reference Guide.
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Adjusting the Switch Thresholds
The Switch Thresholds page displays a variety of switch threshold settings.
Setting
Description
Ordered Set Error Threshold
The maximum number of OS errors allowed in a 10-second interval
before a port is bypassed. Setting this value to "0" returns it to the
factory default setting.
This setting is activated on the Port Smart Settings page.
CRC Error Threshold
The maximum number of CRC errors allowed in a 10-second interval
before a port is bypassed. Setting this value to "0" returns it to the
factory default setting.
This setting is activated on the Port Smart Settings page.
Bad Zone Recovery Hold Time
(measured in centi-seconds)
The amount of time that the switch keeps the ports in bypass mode
before attempting to re-insert the ports into the zone.
This setting is activated on the Advanced Functions One-Step Zoning
page.
Bad Zone Recovery Delay Time
(measured in seconds)
The amount of time that the switch waits after a zone goes down before
attempting to recover the zone.
This setting is activated on the Advanced Functions One-Step Zoning
page.
Port Utilization Interval
(measured in seconds)
The length of time between readings of the current port’s utilization.
To view the current threshold settings:
Click Advanced Functions > Thresholds > Switch.
The Switch Thresholds page appears.
Figure 3-7: Switch Thresholds page
To change switch thresholds or time intervals:
1. Enter the new value in the appropriate text box.
The valid range is displayed next to the text box.
2. Click Submit.
The new value is set.
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Configuring the Port Smart Settings
The Port Smart Settings page displays the current Smart Settings (configuration settings) assigned to
each port and enables users to easily create and modify custom Smart Settings.
To view the Port Smart Settings page:
Click Port > Smart Settings.
The Port Smart Settings page appears.
Expand
button
Figure 3-8: Port Smart Settings page
Expanding the optional configuration menus on the right-side of the page by clicking the expand
buttons provides additional configuration options.
Figure 3-9: Port Smart Settings page (all options displayed)
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Default Smart Settings
There are several default Smart Settings available on the switch. These default Smart Settings were
defined by Fibre Channel storage experts to ensure the switch is optimally configured for performance
and stability.
The default Smart Settings cannot be modified or deleted, but these settings can be used as templates
for creating custom Smart Settings.
Note: Changing the Smart Setting of a port may affect the performance or behavior of the system.
Depending on the implementation, some Smart Settings are more appropriate than others.
Initiator or Target
This Smart Setting is the default setting for all switch ports from the factory. This setting offers no change
protection and all settings are set to their default values. Initiators and targets can be connected to ports
that are set to this Smart Setting.
This is the recommended Smart Setting for setups with targets and initiators connected to a single
switch.
Initiator with Stealth
This Smart Setting is used when connecting a host device to the port. When a port is set to this Smart
Setting, change notifications are not sent from the initiator to other devices, but change notifications are
received by the initiator.
This Smart Setting is appropriate for embedded storage controllers and external Host Bus Adaptors
(HBAs) or servers with installed HBAs.
Target with Stealth
This Smart Setting is used when connecting embedded storage devices, like JBODs, SBODs, tape
drives, or external RAID systems (JBODs, SBODs, or tape libraries). When a port is set to this Smart
Setting, change notifications are sent to other devices, but change notifications are not received by the
target.
Fabric Connection
This Smart Setting is used when connecting a port to a Fabric switch. Only one connection from the
InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 to a Fabric switch is valid.
Tree Cascade
This Smart Setting is used when connecting two or more switches together in a tree configuration. Up to
four tree cascades are supported between switches. See “Cascading Switches” on page 43 for
additional information.
String Cascade
This Smart Setting is used when connecting two or more switches together in a string configuration. Up
to four string cascades are supported between two switches. See “Cascading Switches” on page 43 for
additional information.
Before selecting a cascade option, consider the following:
•
•
•
Cascade ports of like number should be connected together. For example, connect port 1 of
Switch A to port 1 of Switch B, connect port 2 of Switch B to port 2 of Switch C, and so on.
Cascade port numbers must be lower than non-cascade port numbers (for example, Initiator or
Target ports). Therefore, select cascade types before selecting these non-cascade types.
A maximum of three switches may be connected using string cascades.
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When configuring multiple switches with a single cascade, use alternating ports. For example,
connect the second switch using ports 1 and the third using ports 2 as shown in Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-10: Alternating Ports for Single Cascades
To assign a Smart Setting to one or more ports:
1. Select the appropriate Smart Setting from the list box.
2. From the list of port numbers, select the ports that will use the selected Smart Setting under the
Assign heading.
3. Once completed, click Submit to save the settings.
To set all ports to the currently selected Smart Setting:
1. Select the desired Smart Setting from the list box.
2. Click Set All.
3. Click Submit to save the new settings.
Creating Custom Smart Settings
In addition to the default Smart Settings, users can create custom Smart Settings for use in a specific
network environment.
To create a custom Smart Setting:
1. Click Create.
A text box appears prompting for the name of the new Smart Setting.
Note: The Create function always uses the Initiator or Target Smart Setting as the base
setting from which to configure a custom Smart Setting.
2. Enter the new Smart Setting name.
A name may consist of up to 28 alphanumeric characters and cannot contain spaces (use
underscores for spaces in names).
3. Click OK.
The new Smart Setting is added to the list box.
4. Click Submit to save the new Smart Setting.
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To create a custom Smart Setting based on an existing Smart Setting:
1. Select a Smart Setting from the list box that most closely matches the port settings that the new
Smart Setting should have.
2. Click Clone.
3. Enter the new Smart Setting name.
A name may consist of up to 28 alphanumeric characters and cannot contain spaces (use
underscores for spaces in names).
4. Click OK.
The new Smart Setting is added to the list box.
5. Click Submit to save the new Smart Setting.
To modify a custom Smart Setting:
1. Ensure the custom Smart Setting is not currently assigned to a port before making any changes.
2. Select the custom Smart Setting in the list box.
3. Select the new settings.
4. Click Submit to save the new settings.
To rename a custom Smart Setting:
1. Select the desired Smart Setting from the list box.
2. Click Rename.
3. Enter the new Smart Setting name.
A name may consist of up to 28 alphanumeric characters and cannot contain spaces (use
underscores for spaces in names).
4. Click OK.
The new Smart Setting name appears in the list box.
5. Click Submit to save the change.
To delete a custom Smart Setting:
1. Ensure the custom Smart Setting is not selected or currently in use.
2. Select the custom Smart Setting in the list box.
3. Click Delete.
4. Click Submit to save the settings.
Smart Setting Assignments
The Smart Settings are based on several port settings grouped into the following categories:
•
•
•
•
•
Port Information
Pre-Insertion Testing
Change Notifications
Port Recovery
Diagnostics
These settings can be adjusted on custom Smart Settings; however, these settings are fixed on the
default Smart Settings.
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Port Information
The following settings are available.
Setting
Description
Smart Setting Name
Displays the name of the Smart Setting. The Smart Setting name will
automatically appear in the text box when selected in the scroll menu.
Smart Setting Type
The topology among switches for a port. Options include:
• Initiator or Target Port – the default setting. Should be used when there
are no links between switches.
• Tree Cascade – designates the port as a tree cascade port. Use this
setting when connecting multiple switches together in a tree cascade
configuration. Under most conditions, this setting will result in acceptable performance.
• String Cascade 1 through String Cascade 4 – designates the string
cascade to which a port is assigned. String cascades maintain fairness
when two or more InSpeed-based storage switches are serially
cascaded. Switch performance may be lower when compared to a tree
cascade configuration.
Pre-Insertion Testing
The following settings are available.
Setting
Description
Enable Policies/Smart
Insertion
This policy is the default operating mode for all ports and determines what
the switch looks for prior to allowing a port to insert into a zone. When the
policy is enabled, an external device is sent an F7 Initialization notification
by the switch until an F7 Initialization notification is received from the
device. Once an F7 Initialization notification is received, the port is
inserted in the zone.
This policy takes precedence over all other policies. When this policy is
disabled, no additional policies are operational, and as long as a port
transmits a signal of the correct frequency and amplitude, the port will be
allowed in the zone.
Port Test Before Insertion
This policy ensures a device on a port is a valid, standards-compliant
participant before allowing the device to be inserted into a zone. The
device must meet all of the FC-AL requirements along with going through
a complete change notification cycle. During the change notification cycle,
the device becomes the Initialization Master (IM) and goes through the
change notification phases. Once the change notification cycle is
complete, the device can be inserted. This process ensures a bad device
is not allowed into the zone.
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Change Notifications
The following settings are available.
Setting
Description
Stealth Intelligent Change
Manager
Stealth Intelligent Change Manager provides stability and control over
change notification disruptions on a port basis. Options include:
• Off: No Change Protection – no Stealth Intelligent Change Manager
control.
• Initiator: Only Receive Changes – devices attached to the port can
receive change notifications but will not propagate change notifications
generated by that port to other ports.
• Target: Only Send Changes – propagates change notifications generated by the port to other ports but will not allow devices attached to the
port to receive change notifications from other ports.
• Switch-Switch: Send and Receive Changes – allows change notifications to propagate between switches.
• Custom-1 – Note: This setting should not be used unless directed to do
so by a customer service representative.
Change Notification on
Insertion
The switch normally operates under the condition that when a device is
inserted onto the network, a change notification is generated. However,
this condition is not always true when connecting hubs or switches
together. In some instances, it is possible to connect two zones together
without the zones realizing that multiple AL_PAs exist with the same
values.
When this policy is enabled, the switch always generates a change
notification to ensure the proper system updates are performed. However,
when a device is removed (for example, an initiator or target), the removal
does not generate a change notification and there are no system updates
performed.
Change Notification on
Removal
This policy is similar to the Change Notification on Insertion policy, except
for the change notification being sent when a device is removed rather
than inserted.
When this policy is enabled, the switch always generates a change
notification to ensure the proper system updates are performed.
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Port Recovery
The following settings are available.
Setting
Bad Device Recovery
Description
When a port is already inserted into a zone, the port transforms F8 Failure
notifications into F7 Initialization notifications. When this occurs, the port
is bypassed and F7 Initialization notifications are allowed in the zone.
Once the initialization is complete, the Bad Zone Recovery Policy is
operational and prevents a port that continues to transmit F8 Failure
notifications from inserting into the zone.
Note: If this policy is disabled while the Bad Zone Recovery policy is
enabled, a zone that does go down will still allow the Bad Zone Recovery
policy to reset the zone and allow ports to be reinserted.
When enabled, this policy prevents devices that send F8 Failure
notifications from inserting into a zone. The ability to remove devices that
generate F8 Failure notifications automatically and instantaneously
guarantees continual system operation.
When disabled, this policy allows devices that send F8 Failure
notifications to insert into a zone and does not consider F8 Failure
notifications when determining whether to insert a device or not.
Clear on Stall
In situations where the switch is operating in switching mode, some
devices may fall into an operating mode where the device has opened a
target but has not released the connection to the target. When this policy
is enabled, the switch can detect this condition and automatically recover
when this situation arises.
Bypass on No Activity
The switch detects the amount of time a data stream has gone without
receiving a comma. The time setting is set to 100 (.001 seconds). When
this policy is enabled, the switch bypasses the disruptive port when the
threshold is exceeded.
Bypass on Ordered Set Error
Ordered Set (OS) errors are detected and counted for each individual
port. When this policy is enabled, a port is bypassed when its OS count
exceeds the threshold setting. The threshold setting is based on the
number of ordered set errors identified in 10 seconds.
Note: This threshold setting can be adjusted on the Web Manager’s
Advanced Functions Switch Thresholds page.
Bypass on CRC Error
Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) errors are detected and counted for
each individual port. When this policy is enabled, a port is bypassed when
its CRC count exceeds the threshold setting. The threshold setting is
based on the number of CRC errors identified in 10 seconds.
User intervention is required to return the port into the zone. Recovery
methods include replacing the defective component, cycling power to the
device on the port, removing and reinserting the bypassed port, or cycling
power to the switch.
Note: This threshold setting can be adjusted on the Web Manager’s
Advanced Functions Switch Thresholds page.
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Diagnostics
The following settings are available.
Setting
Description
Port Control
The method for controlling a port. Options include:
• auto – the default setting. The switch will automatically insert a port
based on policy settings. This prevents the insertion of incompatible
ports, which may cause disruption.
• bypass – removes a port from the network. Use this mode to keep a
device out of an initialization cycle when troubleshooting.
• extLoopback – removes a port from the network and routes the port's
receive signal back through the port's transmitter. Use this mode to
isolate a specific zone for troubleshooting or to test a transceiver’s
circuitry and attached media from the node end.
• insert – allows ports whose transceivers cannot derive a valid clock
or "K" character (Ordered Set) to join a zone. Use this mode
cautiously – devices without valid characters may put bad data into a
zone, causing the zone to go down.
Bypass on Clock Delta
The switch determines the relative frequency of the signal being
received by a port to the internal switch clock. The result of this test
allows the determination of how far apart in frequency the switch’s
clock is in relation to the clock of the received signal – the clock delta. If
the clock delta exceeds a set threshold, the switch is notified and the
port may be bypassed if necessary. Typically, clock drift is slow enough
to allow the removal and replacement of a defective part before the
defective part begins to affect system performance.
Managing Firmware and Configuration Files
The Switch Files page displays information on the switch’s firmware and configuration files.
To view the firmware and configuration files, click Switch > Files.
The Switch Files page appears.
Figure 3-11: Switch Files page
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Switch Firmware Files
This section displays the current and alternate firmware versions, enables users to select which
firmware version to run the next time the switch is reset, and provides a means to load new firmware on
the switch.
To view or download the latest switch firmware, click Help > Downloads. The Web Manager will display
the firmware request page. Enter the requested customer information and an email with the location of
the appropriate firmware download page for the switch will be sent to the specified email address. If
necessary, download the latest switch firmware to the host system.
To load new firmware on the switch:
1. Under Download New Alternate Firmware Version to Switch, enter the directory path and the
specific file name in the text box, or click Browse to navigate to and select the appropriate file
on the host system. The file must have a .bin extension.
2. Click Start to load the new firmware image.
Once the firmware has been installed, the new firmware should appear as the Alternate Version
firmware.
3. Under Next Boot Firmware Version, ensure the Use Alternate Version on Next Reboot option
is selected. The alternate firmware version currently displayed will be loaded on the next boot
cycle.
4. Click Reboot to reset the switch using the selected firmware.
Note: When loading new firmware on the switch, clear the web browser’s cache and files to ensure
the removal of the older firmware information. In Internet Explorer, use the key combination
CTRL+F5, or select Tools > Internet Options and click Delete Files.
To select the alternate firmware version for the next boot:
1. Under Next Boot Firmware Version, select Use Alternate Version on Next Reboot. The
alternate firmware version currently displayed will be loaded on the next boot cycle.
2. Click Submit.
3. Click Reboot to reset the switch.
Switch Configuration Files
Switch configuration settings (for example, zoning or Port Smart Settings) can be saved for backup
purposes or for loading the same configuration on multiple switches.
To save the current configuration:
1. Click Save to save the current switch configuration.
2. Click OK on the File Download dialog box.
3. Enter the directory path and file name, being sure to use a .cfg extension.
4. Click Save.
To load a saved configuration:
1. Under Download New Configuration File to Switch and Reboot, enter the directory path to the
.cfg file in the text box, or use the Browse button to navigate to the appropriate file.
2. In the Choose File dialog box, navigate to and select the appropriate file and click OK.
3. Click Start.
A message box appears confirming the download and required switch reset.
4. Click OK to proceed.
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Restoring the Factory Default Settings
If necessary, the switch settings can be reset to their factory default values; however, the network
configuration and port type settings are retained.
To restore the factory default configuration:
1. From the Restore Configuration to Factory Default section, click Restore.
A message box appears confirming the request.
2. Click OK to restore the factory default configuration and reset the switch.
One-Step Zoning
Zoning allows ports to be divided into multiple virtual zones (or work groups), similar to Virtual Local
Area Networking (VLAN). By separating activity on the network, zoning also eliminates change
notification propagation (change notifications that occur within one zone cannot propagate to other
zones.)
Use zoning to:
•
•
•
•
Separate different operating system environments.
Temporarily block or grant access during backup or other tasks.
Consolidate equipment logically.
Designate closed user groups for increased security.
•
Separate test or maintenance areas from production areas.
Zone configuration settings are available on the Web Manager’s One-Step Zoning page. The page is
arranged as a grid of check boxes for placing ports in appropriate zones. Ports are listed across the top
of the grid. Zones are listed down the left side. Similar to other Web Manager pages, the port color
represents the current port status.
To view the One-Step Zoning page:
Click Advanced Functions > One-Step Zoning.
Figure 3-12: One-Step Zoning page
The switch is capable of up to twelve zones. Initially, all ports reside in Zone 0. However, a port will clear
from Zone 0 whenever it is selected and placed in another zone.
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The color of each zone indicates its status. See the descriptions in the following table:
Color
Description
Down (red)
One or more ports have been selected, zoning has been activated, but
hardware has caused a failure.
Up (green)
Ports have been selected, zoning has been activated, and the FC-AL
circuit is operational.
Not Active (yellow)
Ports have been selected but zoning has not been activated.
Undefined (gray)
No ports have been selected.
The Zone Initialization Master Port field displays the port number of the port that is currently assigned as
the master for that particular zone. The Initialization Master is responsible for starting the change
notification process in each zone.
To add ports to a zone:
1. Select the appropriate check boxes to place ports into zones.
2. Click Submit.
To activate zoning:
1. Select the Zoning Active check box near the bottom of the page.
Caution: Clearing the Zoning Active check box will deactivate all zones, which may degrade
system performance or compromise security.
2. Click Submit.
To remove a port from a zone:
1. Clear the appropriate check box.
2. Click Submit.
To remove all ports from a zone:
1. Click Clear at the end of the row of check boxes for the appropriate zone.
2. Click Submit.
To remove all zones:
1. Click All under the Clear Zone heading.
2. Click Submit.
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Single-Switch Zoning
The simplest zoning configuration is to place each port into a single zone, so that zones are separate
from each other as shown in Figure 3-13.
Figure 3-13: Devices in a Single Zone
In Figure 3-13, zone 1 includes ports 1, 3, and 4, while zone 2 includes ports 2 and 5. Devices on ports
1, 3, and 4 have direct access to each other and devices on ports 2 and 5 have direct access to each
other; however, devices 1, 3, and 4 are separated from devices 2 and 5.
Figure 3-14: Single switch zoning configuration
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Adding Devices to Multiple Zones
In the previous example, each host only communicates with the devices in the same zone as the host.
However, there may be situations in which hosts in separate zones need to share devices. When this
situation occurs, use overlapping zones to share the devices between the hosts. Figure 3-15 depicts this
type of zoning configuration.
Figure 3-15: Devices in Multiple Zones
In Figure 3-15, zone 1 includes ports 1, 3, and 4, while zone 2 includes ports 2, 4 and 5. Port 4 is in both
zones. Devices on ports 1, 3, and 4 have direct access to each other and devices on ports 2, 4, and 5
have direct access to each other, but devices 1 and 3 are separated from devices 2 and 5. The device
on port 4 has direct access to all the devices on ports 1, 2, 3, and 5.
To add storage devices to multiple zones:
1. Select the appropriate zones for each port.
2. Ensure the Zoning Active check box is selected.
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3. Click Submit.
Figure 3-16: Ports in Multiple Zones on the One-Step Zoning page
Multiple Switch Zoning
Zones can be configured across multiple switches using a similar procedure to a single switch. However,
multiple-switch zoning requires some coordination between the switches. Building on the example for
ports in multiple zones, move the devices onto two switches and have the zones stretch between the
two, as in Figure 3-17.
Figure 3-17: Devices in Multiple Zones Across Multiple Switches
In Figure 3-17, zone 1 includes ports 2, 4, 5, and cascade port 1, while zone 2 includes ports 3, 5, 6, and
cascade port 1. Ports 1 (cascade port) and 5 are in both zones.
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To configure multiple-switch zoning, do the following for each switch:
1. Plan which ports should belong in each zone.
2. From the One-Step Zoning page, select the appropriate ports for each zone.
Switch A
Switch B
Figure 3-18: Zones Coordinated on Multiple Switches
3. Ensure the Zoning Active check box is selected for both switches.
Caution: Clearing the Zoning Active check box will deactivate all zones, which may degrade
system performance or compromise security.
4. After making changes, click Submit.
AL_PA Zoning
Another zoning configuration is AL_PA zoning, which enables users to specify that certain devices only
communicate with one another. AL_PA zoning is only accessible through the Command Line Interface
(CLI). Refer to the InSpeed Storage Switch CLI Reference Guide for additional information.
Recovering a Bad Zone Automatically
Bad zone recovery policy automatically recovers traffic if a device has brought down the zone. The zone
state is monitored continuously. If ports are inserted into a zone, but the zone state never transitions to
the Zone Up or Zone Active state after a set period of time (Hold Time), all devices in the pertinent zone
are bypassed and then allowed to reinsert. There is a secondary timeout, the Bad Zone Recovery Delay
Time, that can also be configured. The Bad Zone Recovery Delay Time causes a delay before ports are
allowed to reinsert, which prevents a high "thrashing" level of port insertions and de-insertions and
ensures that some devices can reset. The Bad Zone Recovery Hold Time and Delay Time threshold
settings are available on the Advanced Functions Switch Thresholds page.
When this policy is enabled with the associated PTBI policy, the device causing a zone to go down is not
allowed back into the zone due to the PTBI policy, which allows the system to return to normal operation.
The combination of the Bad Zone Recovery and PTBI policies has resulted in significant improvements
to SAN availability.
Note: The Bad Zone Recovery policy is enabled by default. If the Bad Zone Recovery policy is
disabled, use the following instructions to enable this policy for the appropriate zones.
To activate bad zone recovery:
1. Click Advanced Functions > One-Step Zoning.
2. Under Bad Zone Recovery, select the check boxes for the appropriate zones.
3. Click Submit.
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Connecting Ports Through Hard Zoning
A Hard Zone can be used to add a separate 126 AL_PAs that operate in isolation from any other zone. A
Hard Zone disables switching functionality and creates a shared connection between the ports in a zone
topology, splitting the switch into multiple unique FC-AL zones. When Hard Zoning is enabled, all switch
zones must be Hard Zones. A combination of Hard Zones and regular zones on a single switch is not
allowed.
Caution: Do not set a Hard Zone for ports in multiple zones or share ports that have the Hard Zone
option set. This will cause errors that do not log an event or display a message.
The advantages of Hard Zoning include:
•
•
Each Hard Zone contains 126 available AL_PAs.
The switch can be configured to contain up to eleven isolated Hard Zones.
The limitations of Hard Zoning include:
•
•
•
•
•
2 Gb of shared bandwidth over the entire Hard Zone.
Ports in a Hard Zone cannot use the Stealth Intelligent Change Manager.
Automatic Trunking and route blocking are not allowed in a Hard Zone.
Ports in a Hard Zone cannot be set to a string or tree cascade configuration.
Device AL_PAs on a port in a Hard Zone cannot be displayed.
The Hard Zone setting is available on the One-Step Zoning page. To view the page, click Advanced
Functions > One-Step Zoning.
Figure 3-19: Hard Zoning configuration
To set up Hard Zoning:
1. Determine which ports will reside in each Hard Zone and ensure the ports are in only one Hard
Zone.
2. Under Hard Zone, select the check boxes for the appropriate zones.
3. Click Submit.
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Cascading Switches
When multiple switches are connected, the connecting links between the switches are referred to as
"cascades". There are two distinct cascade configurations to consider when configuring networks for
optimal performance and connectivity: string cascades and tree cascades.
String Cascades
A string cascade connects multiple switches (up to three switches maximum) together in a "daisychained" configuration. When one device requests access to another device, the request is sent to each
switch in the cascade before device access is granted. This arbitration method promotes fairness
between the switches. However, when compared to tree cascades, string cascades offer less
performance due to the increased latency between the switches.
Figure 3-20: String Cascade configuration example
When configuring a switch port for a string cascade, use the String Cascade Smart Setting. To reduce
contention and improve performance between initiator traffic and target traffic when using a string
cascade configuration, connect the ports of each switch together using the same String Cascade Smart
Settings. For example, in Figure 3-20 the three switches are connected through two string cascades
using the String Cascade - Trunk 1 and String Cascade - Trunk 2 Smart Settings. This creates two
dedicated paths through which initiators and targets can communicate.
Tree Cascades
Tree cascades provide the best performance (lowest latency) configuration. A tree cascade consists of a
root switch connected to additional switches (up to 8 switches maximum). When a device on a switch
requests access to another device, the request is sent the particular switch for that device. The limitation
to the tree cascade configuration is the random nature of devices gaining access to one another, as
fairness is not used for tree cascades.
Figure 3-21: Tree Cascade configuration example
When configuring a port for a tree cascade, use the Tree Cascade Smart Setting.
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Automatic Trunking
Multiple links between switches are called “trunks”. Trunks provide higher bandwidth across cascaded
switches for systems incorporating multiple initiators. Each trunk can improve system throughput and
provide “failover” capability. A maximum of 4 trunks between each switch is supported. Trunking is
performed automatically when ports are configured properly. Figure 3-22 is an example of Automatic
Trunking.
Figure 3-22: Automatic Trunking example
Each trunk is part of a trunk group. A trunk group consists of two or more cascades between two
switches. There can only be one trunk group between two switches. Each trunk group contains a
primary trunk. All traffic flows through the primary trunk on a switch unless specified otherwise using the
Load Balancing feature. The primary trunk is always the lowest numbered port of any trunk group.
If the primary trunk fails, the secondary trunk automatically becomes the primary trunk unless otherwise
configured. Multiple cascades also enable switch configuration for better performance through load
balancing (see “Load Balancing” on page 45).
The Automatic Trunking page enables users to configure trunking by defining trunk groups and
assigning ports to those groups. The Automatic Trunking feature is available when one or more ports are
assigned a String or Tree Cascade Smart Setting.
To configure Automatic Trunking:
1. Click Advanced Functions > Automatic Trunking.
The Automatic Trunking page appears.
Figure 3-23: Advanced Functions: Automatic Trunking page
2. Select a trunk group for each port by clicking the appropriate Trunk Group option.
3. When finished making changes, click Submit.
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Load Balancing
Load balancing builds on the Automatic Trunking functionality by specifying the path that the data uses
to flow between multiple switches. Users can manage the switch’s aggregate bandwidth by manually
distributing traffic across multiple cascade ports as shown below. A cascade port is a port that is
attached to another switch of the same type and configured as a String or Tree Cascade Smart Setting
on the Port Smart Settings page. All data flows through the primary cascade, unless the switch is
configured differently.
Note: Cascade ports must be properly configured before load balancing will work.
Figure 3-24: Load Balancing Across Multiple Cascade Ports
In Figure 3-24, host 1 uses cascade port 1, while host 2 uses cascade port 2. All traffic will use the
lowest numbered (primary) cascade port by default but ports may be configured to use other cascades.
Note: When tape drives or tape libraries are included in multiple switch configurations incorporating
multiple trunks, place the tape drive or tape library and any devices that access those devices
on the secondary (duplicate) trunk, not the primary trunk.
Load balancing configuration settings are available on the Web Manager’s Load Balancing page. Before
implementing load balancing on the switch, the automatic trunking settings must be configured. See
“Automatic Trunking” on page 44 for additional information.
To view the Load Balancing page:
Click Advanced Functions > Load Balancing.
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Figure 3-25: Load Balancing page
The page is arranged as a grid of check boxes for assigning ports to cascades ("Trunk Groups").
Load Indicators
The Load Balancing page incorporates two sets of visual indicators for measuring traffic:
•
•
Port Load Indicators–the horizontal bars on the right side of the page that display the current
load for each port.
Trunk Load Indicators–the vertical bars at the bottom of the page that display the current load for
each trunk group.
These bars indicate the amount of traffic across a trunk or port. The size of the bars increase in
correlation to the amount of traffic and, as a bar’s size increases, can identify a specific trunk or port that
is overloaded. If overloading occurs, move one or more ports to a different trunk in the group.
To change the load balancing settings:
1. Click a Trunk Group option to place a port into a specific trunk group.
2. Continue to assign ports to trunk groups as necessary.
3. When finished, click Submit.
Fairness and Prioritization
The concept of "fairness" is based on the principle of ensuring fair device access and communication
across all devices in a storage system. The switch incorporates fairness and prioritization through
InSpeed technology and Automatic Trunking and Load Balancing functionality. In cooperation with each
other, these features ensure even and equal access through multiple links fairly–effectively multiplying
bandwidth.
Device prioritization can be achieved using Load Balancing and assigning only a specific device port to
a particular cascade. This ensures a specific device will always have a dedicated trunk.
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MONITORING
THE
CHAPTER 3 SWITCH MANAGEMENT
SWITCH
The InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 provides several options for monitoring the switch status
and port information. This section describes how to view switch status, the event log, port information
and utilization, and port diagnostics.
Viewing Switch Status
The Web Manager’s home page is the Switch Information page. This page is displayed first when the
Web Manager is opened and shows general switch information, including switch status, fan and power
supply operational indicators, and port health and utilization.
This page continually refreshes to guarantee that the most current switch status is displayed. To return
to this page at any time, click the InSpeed™ Storage Switch menu item.
Figure 3-26: Switch Information page
Switch Information
Current status is provided for the following items.
Item
Status Indicators
Switch Status
OK (green)–the switch unit is operating normally.
Fault (red)–one or more of the ports has failed, the internal temperature has
exceeded acceptable levels, or another error has occurred. Errors appear in
the event log. The switch will continue to operate; however, functionality may
be impaired depending on the event that triggered the error. Regardless of the
cause, the switch requires immediate attention.
InSpeed SOC Status
OK (green)–the switch chipset is operating normally.
Fault (red)–the switch chipset’s selftest has failed.
Enclosure Temperature
OK (green)–the switch temperature is within the normal operating range.
OverTemp (red)–the enclosure temperature has exceeded the recommended
operating range.
Fan
OK (green)–the fan unit is working properly.
Fault (red)–the fan unit has stopped operating.
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Port Utilization and Health
Port utilization measures the amount of traffic passing into a port over a period of time. For example, if
an initiator is transmitting data to a target, the initiator port displays a port utilization value (%) while the
target port does not. If the same initiator is receiving data from the target, the target port displays a port
utilization value (%) while the initiator port displays does not.
This part of the web page displays each port number, the port’s current health status, and a vertical bar
indicating the port utilization.
Tip: Rolling the mouse cursor over the port number displays the current port state.
A port number is displayed in one of three colors depending on the port’s current health:
Port Color
Indication
Green
An SFP is inserted into the port and a device is connected to the SFP.
Yellow
Bypassed – The port is bypassed. An SFP may be inserted in the port but there
may not be a device connected to the SFP.
Loopback – There is no device connected to the port. The transmit and receiver
are connected together on the SFP transceiver.
LIPF8Present – If the switch is receiving an F8 Failure notification, the port is
bypassed to allow remaining devices to proceed with initialization.
Redundant – The port is a failover link in a cascade and is not currently active.
Red
TxFault – Detects an SFP transmitter fault.
DiagTx – Detects Ordered Sets being transmitted, so traffic cannot be passed
through the port.
DataTimeout – Detects a data timeout fault.
RxLoss – Detects a loss of received signal amplitude from the device.
SyncLoss – Detects a loss of word synchronization for a specified time, which may
be caused by poor signal strength, intermittent line conditions, etc.
Gray
Unknown – The port status cannot be determined.
NoSFP – There is no SFP connector inserted in the port.
Port utilization is measured by a vertical bar that moves upwards as utilization increases. The vertical
bar has the three distinct levels of utilization:
Bar Color
Indication
Green
The port is operating at optimal utilization.
Yellow
The port is experiencing periods of heavy traffic.
Red
The port has too much traffic on it and is not operating at desired levels. Some
devices should be transferred to other ports to improve port utilization.
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Viewing the Event Log
The Event Log contains a list of up to 3000 event log messages generated by the switch. The Switch
Event Log page displays the event log messages with each message containing the following
information:
•
Event Number – the number assigned to that specific event in the log.
•
Event Date and Time – the date and time when the event was recorded in the log.
•
Event Severity – the severity level for that event.
•
Event Type – the identifier assigned to that event.
•
Event Description – a brief description of the event.
For a list of event messages and severity levels, see Appendix C: Event Messages on page 65.
To view the event log:
Click Switch > Event Log.
The Event Log Messages page appears.
Figure 3-27: Switch Event Log page
The last time the event log was polled appears at the top of the page.
To export the event log:
1. Click Export.
If the File Download dialog box appears, select Save this file to disk, and click OK to save the
file on the host system. The Save As dialog box appears. Select the appropriate directory,
change the file name if necessary, and click Save.
The event log appears in the host system’s default text editor.
2. Select the appropriate directory to save the event log messages, change the name of the file (if
desired), and save the event log.
To delete the current list of event log messages on the switch:
1. Click Clear.
A message box appears confirming the request.
2. Click OK to delete the event log.
The event log is cleared out and a new event message is displayed reporting that the event log
has been cleared.
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Viewing Port Information
The Port Information page displays the Smart Settings, Serial ID (SID), and AL_PAs currently assigned
to each port. Initiator AL_PAs are highlighted in blue to differentiate them from target AL_PAs.
Note: The Initiator AL_PA information can be used to easily identify attached devices when
configuring load balancing.
To view port information:
Click Port > Information.
The Port Information page appears.
Figure 3-28: Port Information page
Field
Description
Port
Displays the current health of the port. See “Port Utilization and Health” on
page 45 for additional information on port health.
Smart Setting
Displays the specific Smart Setting assigned to a particular port. See
“Configuring the Port Smart Settings” on page 27 for more information on
the Smart Settings.
Serial ID (SID)
When clicked, provides additional information about the SFP inserted in
the port, if an SFP is inserted in that particular port.
Identified ALPAs
Displays all the AL_PAs attached to the port. Initiator AL_PAs appear
highlighted in blue.
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Viewing Port Utilization
Port utilization measures the amount of traffic passing through a port over a period of time. For example,
if an initiator is transmitting data to a target, the initiator port displays a port utilization value (%) while the
target port does not. If the same initiator is receiving data from the target, the target port displays a port
utilization value (%) while the initiator port displays does not.
The Port Utilization page displays each port’s utilization percentage based on high, average, and low
utilization.
Value
Description
High
The highest percentage of data communication through a port over a period of time
(measured in seconds).
Average
The average percentage of data communication through a port over a period of
time (measured in seconds).
Low
The lowest percentage of data communication through a port over a period of time
(measured in seconds).
To change the port utilization interval:
Click Advanced Functions > Thresholds > Switch. See “Adjusting the Switch Thresholds” on
page 26 for additional information.
To view port utilization:
Click Port > Utilization.
The Port Utilization page appears.
Figure 3-29: Port Utilization page
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Viewing Port Diagnostics
This page displays diagnostic information pertaining to each port in the switch. Use the information
provided on this page to diagnose abnormally high error counts on a particular port.
To view the current diagnostic settings:
Click Advanced Functions > Diagnostics > Port.
The Port Diagnostics page appears.
Figure 3-30: Port Diagnostics page
Statistic
Description
Port & Health
Color Indicators
• Green
• Yellow
• Red
See “Port Utilization and Health” on page 48 for descriptions of the health
indicators.
Insertion Count
Number of times this port has been inserted into the network since the switch was
reset or the counters were cleared.
CRC Errors
Number of CRC errors that are detected in frames passing through this port since
the switch was reset or the counters were cleared.
Ordered Set Errors
Number of Ordered Sets that are received on this port with an encoding error since
the switch was reset or the counters were cleared.
Clock Delta
Difference (in parts per million) between the internal switch clock and the received
clock signal on the port.
State
Current state of this port – either inserted or bypassed
Beacon Port
Forces both port LEDs to flash on and off continuously. Use this to locate and take
action on a specific port. The flashing overrides normal port indication until
beaconing is turned off; however, port operation continues to operate normally.
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Statistic
CHAPTER 3 SWITCH MANAGEMENT
Description
Bypass Port
A single instance operation that forces a port into bypass mode. This feature may
be used to diagnose device problems when a device is locked up or experiencing a
high number of failures on a port.
Reset Port
A single instance operation that places a port in bypass mode and then
immediately sets the port to auto-detect to re-insert the port. This feature may be
used to diagnose device problems when a device is locked up or experiencing a
high number of failures on a port.
To save diagnostic information:
1. Click Upload to save the current diagnostics to the host system.
2. Click OK on the File Download dialog box.
3. Enter the directory path and file name.
4. Click Save.
To clear the counters:
Click Clear.
Manual Port Operation
If necessary, a port can be placed into manual bypass mode or reset. If the port is placed in bypass
mode, the port will remain in bypass mode until the switch is reset. If the port is manually reset, the port
is temporarily placed in bypassed mode and then reset to re-insert the port. These features may be used
to diagnose device problems when a device is locked up or experiencing a high number of failures on a
port.
To place a port into bypassed mode:
1. Click Advanced Functions > Diagnostics > Port.
2. Select the Bypass Port option for the appropriate port.
3. Click Submit.
To reset a port:
1. Click Advanced Functions > Diagnostics > Port.
2. Select the Reset Port option for the appropriate port.
3. Click Submit.
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Viewing Ordered Sets
This page displays the Ordered Sets that are being transmitted on the switch for each port since the last
time the page was displayed. Ordered Sets are used when communicating data across networks to indicate actions, events, or status regarding the data. A list of detected Ordered Sets and their indications is
provided below.
To view ordered sets:
1. Click Advanced Functions > Diagnostics > Ordered Sets.
The Ordered Sets page appears.
Figure 3-31: Advanced Functions: Ordered Sets page
Detection
Indication
End of Frame
(EOF)
An End-of-Frame (EOF) delimiter has been detected; frames are present. (An EOF
immediately follows the CRC of a frame and signals the frame’s end.)
Start of Frame
(SOF)
A Start-of-Frame (SOF) delimiter has been detected; frames are present.
Idle
Sequences of IDLEs are being transmitted to maintain link activity; no other data is
being transmitted.
ARB(FF)
ARB(FF)s are being transmitted to maintain link activity; no other data is being
transmitted.
ARB
A port is arbitrating for network access to perform a task.
Read Ready
(RRDY)
The receiving node on this port has sent an R_RDY signal, indicating that it is ready for
a frame to be transmitted over the link.
Close (CLS)
The port is attempting to begin the process of closing the current FC-AL circuit.
Open (OPN)
The port is attempting to open communications with another port.
Note: As is the case with some ordered sets, an OPN may not go all the way around
the FC-AL, instead stopping at its destination.
F8 Failure
A non-switching port has detected a failure on its receive input, is notifying other ports,
and is determining whether the network is still operational.
Some events that could cause the port to detect network failure follow:
• A device has failed or has been powered off.
• The physical connection between the transmitter and receiver is broken.
• Activating the port bypass circuit does not typically result in a network failure.
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Detection
CHAPTER 3 SWITCH MANAGEMENT
Indication
F7 Initialization
A port is in the non-participating mode and is attempting to win arbitration and begin
initialization, possibly because the port was reset or is powering up. Sometimes the
port is sending this sequence to another hot-cascaded switch, like a new initiator being
inserted in the network.
Change
Notification
A change notification has been detected and action has been taken.
Unknown
The switch cannot determine what is being transmitted.
Invalid
An invalid transmit word has been detected.
CRC Error
A Frame CRC error has been detected.
Point-to-Point
A point-to-point connection has been detected.
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CHAPTER 4
CHAPTER 4 TECHNICAL REFERENCE
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
Troubleshooting Device Connections.........................56
Troubleshooting Management Connections ...............57
Port Bypass Conditions and Recovery .......................57
Default Smart Setting Attributes.................................58
Fibre Channel References .........................................59
TROUBLESHOOTING DEVICE CONNECTIONS
Problem
Recommended Action
SFP installed in one or more
ports but no LEDs lit
1) Verify that the power cord is firmly seated into switch and is connected to a
properly earthed receptacle (outlet).
2) Check the Power LED to ensure that the switch is turned on.
3) Verify that the SFP is firmly seated.
SFP installed but only
yellow LED is lit
Reseat the SFP. If the same condition occurs, the SFP is probably faulty and
should be replaced.
SFP installed with both
green and yellow LEDs lit
1) Make sure that the device is powered on and operating properly.
2) Unplug the fiber cable from the node and verify that an optical signal is
present on the cable receiver lead.
3) Verify that the fiber cable is fully seated at either end.
If optical power meter is available, verify the device is transmitting a signal.
If there is no signal present, the device may require rebooting, device drivers
may need to be reinstalled, or the HBA or disk controller hardware may require
servicing.
If a signal is present on both the cable lead and the end node, the HBA or disk
controller may require service.
4) Ensure the device and switch are operational and set to the same speed.
SFP installed with only
green LED lit, but devices
are not communicating
The switch is receiving a valid signal from the device, but no upper level
protocols are active.
1) Verify that the proper HBA device drivers are loaded for the appropriate
operating system and that the host has been configured to recognize attached
disk devices.
2) Improper FC-AL initialization could result from a defective or inoperative
adapter card or device. Run adapter diagnostics with a loopback connector to
see if the adapter is working properly.
3) Unplug the fiber cable from the end node and verify that an optical signal is
present on the cable receiver lead. If no signal is present, the cable’s receiver
lead may be bad and the device may be streaming F8 Failure notifications.
56
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
CHAPTER 4 TECHNICAL REFERENCE
TROUBLESHOOTING MANAGEMENT CONNECTIONS
Problem
Recommended Action
Serial cable installed but
connection does not appear
on terminal
1) Cycle power by reinstalling the power cord.
2) Check the terminal emulation program’s serial port parameters.
3) Replace the serial cable. (Make sure it is a null modem cable.)
Ethernet cable installed but
Web Manager does not
appear
1) Ensure a crossover ethernet cable is used (unless using an ethernet hub).
2) Check the IP addresses on the switch and workstation as follows:
At a command line prompt, type ping DNSorIP (where DNSorIP is the switch’s
DNS name or IP address) and press ENTER.
If a “Reply from…” or “...is alive...” message appears, the devices can
communicate.
If a “Request timed out” message appears (or the command times out), the
devices cannot communicate. Trace the cabling. If needed, reconnect the
devices.
PORT BYPASS CONDITIONS
Operational Condition
AND
RECOVERY
Recovery
Rx_los is asserted by an
SFP/GBIC
The port stays bypassed until rx_los is de-asserted. At that time, the port
insertion will be automatically retried. The port continues to stay bypassed until
the port can pass the port insertion criteria.
Tx_fault is asserted by an
SFP/GBIC
The port stays bypassed until tx_fault is de-asserted. At that time, the port
insertion will be automatically retried. The port continues to stay bypassed until
the port can pass the port insertion criteria.
F8 Failure notification is
received by the port (when
the LIP F8 Recover policy is
enabled)
The switch automatically tries to re-insert the device, by sending F7 Initialization
notifications to the device connected to the bypassed port. The port continues to
stay bypassed until the device returns F7 Initialization notifications to the port
and passes the port insertion criteria.
Loss of Sync (>100ms)
The port stays bypassed until a signal is re-established. At that time, the port
insertion will be automatically retried. The port continues to stay bypassed until
the port can pass the port insertion criteria.
Firmware Initiated
The port stays bypassed until the firmware sets the port control back to
automatic. At that time, the port insertion will be automatically retried. The port
continues to stay bypassed until the port can pass the port insertion criteria.
57
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USER ’S GUIDE
CHAPTER 4 TECHNICAL REFERENCE
String Cascade
--Trunk 1
String Cascade
--Trunk 2
String Cascade
--Trunk 3
String Cascade
--Trunk 4
Initiator
with Stealth
Target with
Stealth
Fabric
Connection
Tree
Cascade
String
Cascade-Trunk 1
String
Cascade-Trunk 2
String
Cascade-Trunk 3
String
Cascade-Trunk 4
Smart Setting
Type
Initiator or
Target Port
Initiator or
Target Port
Initiator or
Target Port
Tree
Cascade
Tree
Cascade
String
Cascade 1
String
Cascade 2
String
Cascade 3
String
Cascade 4
Smart Insertion
Policy
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Port Test Before
Insert Policy
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Stealth Intelligent
Change Manager
Off: No
Change
Protection
Initiator:
Only
Receive
Changes
Tree Cascade
Initiator or
Target
Fabric
Connection
Target
with Stealth
Smart Setting
Name
Initiator
or Target
Initiator
with Stealth
DEFAULT SMART SETTING ATTRIBUTES
Target:
Only Send
Changes
Off: No
Change
Protection
SwitchSwitch:
Send and
Receive
Changes
SwitchSwitch:
Send and
Receive
Changes
SwitchSwitch:
Send and
Receive
Changes
SwitchSwitch:
Send and
Receive
Changes
SwitchSwitch:
Send and
Receive
Changes
Change
Notification on
Insertion Policy
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Change
Notification on
Removal Policy
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Bad Device
Recovery Policy
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Clear on Stall
Policy
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Bypass on No
Activity Policy
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Enabled
Bypass on OS
Error Policy
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Bypass on CRC
Error Policy
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Auto
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Port Control
Bypass on Clock
Delta Policy
58
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
CHAPTER 4 TECHNICAL REFERENCE
FIBRE CHANNEL REFERENCES
The following books give useful information about Fibre Channel.
•
•
•
•
•
Alan F. Benner, Fibre Channel. McGraw-Hill, 1996. ISBN 0-07-005669-2.
Tom Clark, Designing Storage Area Networks. Addison Wesley Longman, 1999,
ISBN 0-201-61584-3.
Jan Dedek, Fibre Channel - The Basics. ANCOT Corporation, 1997. ISBN 0-9637439-3-7.
Robert Kembel, Arbitrated Loop. Connectivity Solutions, 1996. ISBN 0-931836-82-4.
Robert Kembel, A Comprehensive Introduction. Connectivity Solutions, 1998. ISBN
0-931836-84-0.
59
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
Appendixes
60
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX A
APPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications
SWITCH SPECIFICATIONS
Number of Ports
12
Operating Rate
All ports operate at 1.0625 or 2.125 Gbps (selectable)
Port Media Type
SFP
Enclosure
1U half-rack form-factor
Management Interface
RS-232 or 10/100 Ethernet
Operating Mode
Switching or Non-switching modes
Configurability
Management interface configurable
Power On Selftest (POST)
Yes
Dimensions
8.50 x 1.57 x 16.00 (W x H x D)
AC Power Input
50 or 60 Hz / 100 – 250 VAC / 0.6 – 0.4 A
AC Power Connector
IEC connector
Weight
Approximately 7 lbs.
OPERATING CONDITIONS
The switch must be operated in a clean, dry environment with unrestricted airflow. Air flows in through
the cosmetic end and out through the business end (sometimes called the transceiver end or
“back-of-box”).
To avoid overheating, maintain a minimum clearance of two inches (50.8 millimeters) on each end of the
switch (the cosmetic end and the business end). Allow an adequate amount of space on the top and
sides of the switch for proper air ventilation. Do not place the switch on heat-generating surfaces.
Operating conditions are listed below.
Requirement
Value
Operating Temperature
0°C to 40°C normal operation (ambient air temperature)
Storage
-40°C to 80°C non-condensing
Power
50 or 60 Hz / 100 – 250 VAC / 0.6 – 0.4 A
61
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX B
APPENDIX B CLI QUICK REFERENCE
CLI Quick Reference
Connecting to the CLI ............................................................ 62
Logging In and Out ................................................................ 62
Using the CLI ......................................................................... 63
Frequent Switch Configuration Tasks..................................... 63
CLI Commands ...................................................................... 64
CONNECTING
TO THE
CLI
The Command Line Interface (CLI) can be accessed through a network interface using a terminal
emulation program, such as HyperTerminal®, or through the serial interface from a local computer. Refer
to the InSpeed Storage Switch CLI Reference Guide for detailed descriptions of CLI commands and
usage. A link is available through the Web Manager interface under Help > Product Documentation.
To connect through a network interface:
Use a network terminal emulation program. For example, if using the telnet command on a Windows
workstation, type telnet IPaddress at a command prompt.
To connect through a serial interface:
1. Attach one end of the included RS-232 null modem cable to the computer’s DB-9 serial port, and
attach the other end to the switch’s DB-9 serial port.
2. Open a terminal session through a serial terminal emulation program (such as HyperTerminal®)
with the appropriate serial port (for example, COM1) and the following serial port parameters:
•
Bits per second: 19200
•
Data bits: 8
•
Parity: None
•
Stop bits: 1
•
Flow control: None
3. If using HyperTerminal, press ENTER to receive a prompt.
4. If using the tip command on a UNIX workstation, do the following:
a. View the /etc/remote file and create an alias similar to Hardware but with the serial port
parameters above. (Suggested name: Switch)
b. Use the tip command to establish a connection through the created alias, for example
tip switch. (For more information, see the tip command Manual page.)
LOGGING IN
AND
OUT
The CLI does not require login if only viewing basic system information. However, for viewing detailed
system information or configuring any switch settings, users must log in to the switch.
To log in to the CLI:
Type the password at the prompt and press ENTER. (The default password is password.)
To log out of the CLI:
Type lo and press ENTER, or exit the terminal session.
62
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
USING
THE
APPENDIX B CLI QUICK REFERENCE
CLI
The CLI enables users to monitor and change system and port configurations, configure One-Step
Zoning, Automatic Trunking, Load Balancing, and event reporting parameters, and download and install
firmware.
For additional information on the CLI, see the InSpeed Storage Switch CLI Reference Guide.
To enter a command:
•
Type the command text or the number of the command.
To return to the previous menu:
Type .. and press ENTER.
To return directly to the Root menu:
Type root and press ENTER.
To cancel a prompt or input request:
Press ENTER.
To display help for specific command:
Type ? <command> and press ENTER.
To save changes to the switch configuration at any time:
1. Type save at any command prompt and press ENTER.
A message appears confirming the request.
2. Type y and press ENTER.
FREQUENT SWITCH CONFIGURATION TASKS
A list of frequent switch configuration-related tasks is provided below. The list displays the task and the
corresponding CLI command.
To…
Type…
View switch status
show sysinfo
Change general switch configuration
config sys
Change the IP Address
config network ip
Change the switch speed
config sys speed
View the event log
show events
Upgrade the firmware
fw
Change the port settings
config port
Configure zoning
config zone
Configure trunking
config load
Configure load balancing
config trunk
Reset the switch
reset
Perform diagnostics
diag
Reset the switch to factory default settings
config default
Change the password
config password
63
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX B CLI QUICK REFERENCE
CLI COMMANDS
All of the CLI commands for the InSpeed™ SAN Storage Switch Model 355 are shown below in a tree
diagram.
Using the “help” command at the command line may provide additional information.
root -->
1. config -->
1. save
2. sys
-->
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
speed
mode
oserr
crcerr
blkarb
clkd
7. time
8. name
9. location
10. contact
11. events
12. sev
13. fault
14. evclr
15. clrled
16. ..
17. ?
-->
1.
2.
3.
4.
clkd
beacon
show
types
5.
6.
7.
8.
add
view
edit
del
9. type
10. ..
11. ?
show
lbclr
delprt
addprt
5.
6.
7.
8.
delalpa
addalpa
ialpa
util
9. pu 1
10. pu 2
11. ..
12. ?
3. default
4. port
5. password
6. load
-->
1.
2.
3.
4.
7. trunk
-->
1. addprt
2. delprt
3. showmem
4. clr
5. ..
6. ?
8. network -->
1. reset
2. show
3. ip
4. mask
5. gateway
6. ..
7. ?
9. zone
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
bzht
bzdt
addprt
delprt
showmem
act
7. deact
8. zstate
9. zclr
10. addblk
11. delblk
12. showblks
13. hz
14. bzr
15. alpas
16. ..
17. ?
1. galpa
2. glim
3. os
4. ps
5.
6.
7.
8.
delta
showpri
prtctrs
clrctr
9. beacon
10. con
11. who
12. ialpa
13. ..
14. ?
3. show -->
1. events
2. ptype
3. portinfo
4. prtctrs
5. clrctr
6. sysinfo
7. zninfo
8. lbinfo
9. os
10. galpa
11. glim
12. sensors
13. getcon
14. sync
15. dump
16. sid
17. zalpas
18. ..
19. ?
4. fw
1. tftp
2. xmodem
3. revert
4. show
5. reset
6. ..
7. ?
-->
10. ..
11. ?
2. diag
-->
-->
5. reset
6. ?
64
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX C
APPENDIX C EVENT MESSAGES
Event Messages
The event messages for the switch are listed below. For explanations, contact a customer service
representative. The message’s applicable severity level as defined below is also provided.
Severity
Level
Severity
1
EMERG
Immediate action required; system failing
2
ALERT
Unrecoverable condition reported; major event in progress
3
CRIT
Event failed with possible loss of integrity
4
ERR
Condition failed; action required
5
WRN
Failed event occurred; no action required
6
NOTIFY
7
INFO
Description
Configuration error or abnormal event occurred; no action required
Event occurred; no action required
These severity levels can be used to designate which events trigger trap messages. Use the Command
Line Interface (CLI) to designate the minimum severity level of events to be logged in the Event Log and
at which severity level to illuminate the switch’s Fault LED.
Event
Event Message
Severity
1
Message log cleared
INFO
5
Power Supply 1 Failed
ALERT
6
Power Supply 1 Online
NOTIFY
9
Fan has stopped
EMERG
10
Fan has returned
ALERT
19
Temperatures over limit
ALERT
20
Temperature OK
INFO
50
SPF Overvoltage
EMERG
54
SOC has detected a CRC error in the EEPROM
NOTIFY
70
PORT # bypassed
NOTIFY
71
PORT # inserted
NOTIFY
72
Transceiver detected at port #
NOTIFY
73
Transceiver removed at port #
NOTIFY
74
SEOC occurred on PORT #
NOTIFY
75
Port exceeded OS threshold
NOTIFY
76
Port exceeded CRC threshold
NOTIFY
77
Loop UP on Port #
NOTIFY
78
Loop DOWN on Port #
NOTIFY
79
PORT received a LIP(F8)
WRN
80
PORT CRC Error detected in frame
WRN
81
PORT did not receive LIPF7) within timeout
WRN
65
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX C EVENT MESSAGES
Event
Event Message
Severity
82
PORT is ready to be inserted
DBG
83
Segment stall on PORT #
NOTIFY
84
Bad Open on PORT #
WRN
85
Error during Port Disc.
NOTIFY
86
PORT PTBI failed due to timeout
NOTIFY
87
PORT changed to STATE
NOTIFY
88
Transceiver in PORT has been cycled
NOTIFY
89
PORT has cycled between insert/bypassed (not necessarily in that order)
NOTIFY
90
Loop CYCLED on Port #
NOTIFY
91
Port exceeded Clk Delta threshold
INFO
95
Interframe has been received
INFO
96
Interswitch link added/removed
INFO
97
LIP Cycle Timeout
INFO
98
API Initialized OK
INFO
99
Selftest failure
ERR
100
Received Unknown event
INFO
101
CRC detected on either an ISL LIP or Generic Frame
NOTIFY
107
Trap task failed to update trap destination info.
CRIT
135
CLI level 1 password changed
NOTIFY
136
CLI level password changed to default setting
NOTIFY
150
WEB level 1 password changed
NOTIFY
151
Web password level changed to default setting
NOTIFY
165
System config reset to factory default
ERR
166
New Port Config Type added
NOTIFY
167
Port Config Type deleted
NOTIFY
168
Current Config saved to flash
NOTIFY
169
Error in saving config file to flash
ERR
170
Error in retrieving config information
ERR
171
Config File successfully configured system
NOTIFY
172
Error in initializing system with config file
ERR
198
A device tried to access another device that was not in the same zone
NOTIFY
199
Health timer has expired on ZONE
NOTIFY
208
PORT is over threshold
NOTIFY
218
Trunk DOWN on PORT #
NOTIFY
219
Trunk UP on PORT #
NOTIFY
220
New Primary Trunk
NOTIFY
66
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX D
APPENDIX D AL_PA CROSS REFERENCES
AL_PA Cross References
Arbitrated Loop Physical Addresses
AL_PA
(hex)
AL_PA ID
(hex)
AL_PA
(decimal)
(hex)
AL_PA ID
(hex)
AL_PA
AL_PA ID
(decimal)
(hex)
(hex)
(decimal)
EF
00
0
A3
2B
43
4D
56
86
E8
01
1
9F
2C
44
4C
57
87
E4
02
2
9E
2D
45
4B
58
88
E2
03
3
9D
2E
46
4A
59
89
E1
04
4
9B
2F
47
49
5A
90
E0
05
5
98
30
48
47
5B
91
DC
06
6
97
31
49
46
5C
92
DA
07
7
90
32
50
45
5D
93
D9
08
8
8F
33
51
43
5E
94
D6
09
9
88
34
52
3C
5F
95
D5
0A
10
84
35
53
3A
60
96
D4
0B
11
82
36
54
39
61
97
D3
0C
12
81
37
55
36
62
98
D2
0D
13
80
38
56
35
63
99
D1
0E
14
7C
39
57
34
64
100
CE
0F
15
7A
3A
58
33
65
101
CD
10
16
79
3B
59
32
66
102
CC
11
17
76
3C
60
31
67
103
CB
12
18
75
3D
61
2E
68
104
CA
13
19
74
3E
62
2D
69
105
C9
14
20
73
3F
63
2C
6A
106
C7
15
21
72
40
64
2B
6B
107
C6
16
22
71
41
65
2A
6C
108
C5
17
23
6E
42
66
29
6D
109
C3
18
24
6D
43
67
27
6E
110
BC
19
25
6C
44
68
26
6F
111
BA
1A
26
6B
45
69
25
70
112
B9
1B
27
6A
46
70
23
71
113
B6
1C
28
69
47
71
1F
72
114
B5
1D
29
67
48
72
1E
73
115
B4
1E
30
66
49
73
1D
74
116
B3
1F
31
65
4A
74
1B
75
117
B2
20
32
63
4B
75
18
76
118
B1
21
33
5C
4C
76
17
77
119
AE
22
34
5A
4D
77
10
78
120
AD
23
35
59
4E
78
0F
79
121
AC
24
36
56
4F
79
08
7A
122
AB
25
37
55
50
80
04
7B
123
AA
26
38
54
51
81
02
7C
124
A9
27
39
53
52
82
01
7D
125
A7
28
40
52
53
83
00
7E
126
A6
29
41
51
54
84
---
7F
127
A5
2A
42
4E
55
85
---
---
---
67
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
APPENDIX E
APPENDIX E GLOSSARY
Glossary
AL_PA or Arbitrated Loop
Physical Address
A one-byte value used to identify a port in an Arbitrated Loop topology. The value
of the AL_PA corresponds to bits 7:0 of the 24-bit Native Address Identifier.
Arbitration
The process of selecting one respondent from a group requesting service at the
same time.
Close (CLS)
An Arbitrated Loop protocol used to terminate a loop circuit.
Current Fill Word
The fill word that the Loop Port State Machine uses when a fill word is to be
transmitted.
Duplex Cable
Two fibers in one cable suitable for duplex transmission.
Fiber Optics
Light transmission through optical fibers for communication or signaling
Fibre Channel
Fibre Channel is a data transfer interface technology that maps several common
transport protocols including IP and SCSI, allowing it to merge high-speed I/O and
networking functionality in a single connectivity technology. Fibre channel is an
open standard as defined by ANSI and OSI standards and operates over copper
and fiber optic cabling at distances of up to 10 Kilometers. It is unique in its
support of multiple interoperable topologies including point-to-point,
arbitrated-loop and switching and it offers several qualities of service for network
optimization. With its large packet sizes, Fibre Channel is ideal for storage, video,
graphic and mass data transfer applications.
LED
Light-Emitting Diode. A status indicator on a switch.
Gb/s
Gigabits per second.
Node
An entity with one or more N_Ports or NL_Ports.
Open (OPN)
An Arbitrated Loop protocol used to establish a loop circuit.
Protocol
A data transmission convention which may include timing, control, formatting,
error detection with correction and data representation.
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface. Standard interface for storage modules.
SFP
Small Form-Factor Pluggable transceiver. These transceivers are fully compliant
with FC-PI and MSA standards and occupy less than half the board space of the
existing GBIC products.
Topology
The logical and/or physical arrangement of stations on a network. Fibre Channel
topologies include point-to-point, Arbitrated Loop, and switched fabric.
Transceiver
A device that converts one form of signaling to another for both transmission and
reception. SFPs and GBICs are transceivers.
68
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
INDEX
Index
A
AL_PA Cross References 67
AL_PA zoning 41
B
Bad Device Recovery policy 33
Bad Zone Recovery policy 41
Blocking ARB 22
Bypass on Clock Delta policy 34
Bypass on CRC Error policy 33
Bypass on No Activity policy 33
Bypass on OS Error policy 33
event log 49
messages 65
F
Fabric Connection Smart Setting 28
features, switch 2
Fibre Channel references 59
firmware 34, 35
changing versions 35
loading 35
G
glossary 68
C
H
cascades 43
strings 43
trees 43
Change Notification on Insertion policy 32
Change Notification on Removal policy 32
change notifications 32
Clear on Stall policy 33
CLI
commands 64
connecting 62
frequent tasks 63
logging in and out 62
configuration files 34, 35
configuring
network interface 14
Smart Settings 27
switch settings 20
Web Manager 15
custom Smart Settings 29
hard zoning 42
D
date and time settings 24
desktop installation 7
device prioritization 46
diagnostics 34
port 52
displaying
event log 49
ordered sets 54
port diagnostics 52
port information 50
port utilization 51
switch status 47
documentation 16
downloading firmware 35
I
Initialization Master 37
Initiator or Target Smart Setting 28
Initiator with Stealth Smart Setting 28
InSpeed Technology 2
installation, switch 6, 7
UL guidelines 8
installing the switch 6
introduction 1
J
joining multiple switches 43
L
LEDs
2 Gb/s 10
ethernet 9
port 10
Port Bypassed 10
POST Fault 10
Power 10
SFP Status 10
switch 9
Switch Operational 10
system 9
load balancing 45
loading firmware 35
logging in and out 62
logging in to the switch 20
M
managing the switch 19
monitoring the switch 47
E
N
ethernet LEDs 9
network interface configuration 14
network settings 21
69
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
O
operating conditions 61
operating speed 22
ordered sets 54
overview 1
P
password 62
changing 25
policies 31, 32, 33, 34
Bad Device Recovery 33
Bypass on Clock Delta 34
Bypass on CRC Error 33
Bypass on No Activity 33
Bypass on OS Error 33
Change Notification on Insertion 32
Change Notification on Removal 32
Clear on Stall 33
Port Test Before Insert (PTBI) 31
port
diagnostics 52
hard zoning 42
information 50
Smart Settings 28
assignments 30
change notifications 32
creating custom 29
diagnostics 34
Fabric Connection 28
Initiator or Target 28
Initiator with Stealth 28
port information 31
port recovery 33
pre-insertion testing 31
String Cascade 28
Target with Stealth 28
Tree Cascade 28
utilization 51
port bypass 53
conditions and recovery 57
port information 31
port LEDs 10
port reset 53
Port Test Before Insert (PTBI) policy 31
ports
in multiple zones 39
powering on the switch 12
pre-insertion testing 31
prioritization of devices 46
R
rack installation 7
UL guidelines 8
references, Fibre Channel 59
S
serial interface connection 62
SFP
INDEX
attaching devices 11
compatibility 11
installation 11
removal 11
shipped contents 6
Smart Settings 27, 28, 58
assignments 30
change notifications 32
creating 29
default 58
diagnostics 34
Fabric Connection 28
Initiator or Target 28
Initiator with Stealth 28
policies 31
port information 31
port recovery 33
pre-insertion testing 31
String Cascade 28
Target with Stealth 28
Tree Cascade 28
SNMP traps 23
speed, operating 22
String Cascade Smart Setting 28
string cascades 43
switch
cascades 43
changing the password 25
configuration 20
configuration files 34, 35
date and time settings 24
default Smart Settings 58
event log 49
event log messages 65
features 2
firmware 34, 35
general settings 21
hard zoning 42
identification 21
initial setup 17
installation 6, 7, 8
LEDs 9
load balancing 45
management 13, 19
monitoring 47
network settings 21
operating conditions 61
ordered sets 54
overview 1
package contents 6
policies 31, 32, 33, 34
port diagnostics 52
port information 50
port utilization 51
powering on 12
settings 20
specifications 61
70
INSPEED™ SAN STORAGE SWITCH MODEL 355
USER ’S GUIDE
INDEX
speed 22
status 47
telnet session 25
thresholds 26
trunking 44
unpacking 6
version 22
Web Manager login 20
zoning 36, 38, 39, 40
system LEDs 9
password 25
port diagnostics 52
port information 50
port utilization 51
Smart Settings 27
SNMP traps 23
switch identification 21
switch login 20
switch speed 22
switch status 47
switch thresholds 26
switch version 22
time settings 24
zoning 36, 38, 39, 40
T
Target with Stealth Smart Setting 28
telnet session 25
temperature 61
terms
see glossary 68
thresholds 26
time and date settings 24
traps 23
Tree Cascade Smart Setting 28
tree cascades 43
troubleshooting 56
trunking 44
U
Z
Zone Initialization Master 37
zoning 36
bad zone recovery 41
hard zoning 42
Initialization Master 37
multiple switches 40
ports in multiple zones 39
single switch 38
using AL_PAs 41
UL guidelines 8
unpacking the switch 6
V
version information 22
viewing
event log 49
ordered sets 54
port diagnostics 52
port information 50
port utilization 51
switch status 47
W
Web Manager 13
agent up time 22
automatic trunking 44
Bad Zone Recovery 41
configuration 15
configuration files 34, 35
event log 49
firmware 34, 35
getting started 14
hard zoning 42
initial switch setup 17
load balancing 45
loading firmware 35
network location 21
network settings 21
opening a telnet session 25
ordered sets 54
overview 15
71