Emulex DCP_link Network Router User Manual

DCP_link
Multi-Protocol Router
Advanced Configuration Guide
PT1054605-00, Rev A
December 1995
Information contained in this document is believed to be accurate and reliable. However,
Emulex Corporation assumes no responsibility for its use nor for any infringements of patents
or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. Emulex Corporation reserves the
right to change product specifications at any time without notice.
The following trademarks of Emulex Corporation are used in this document:
Emulex, DCP-286i-SBC, DCP-386i, DCP 486e, DCP_link, DCPx86i/e
All other products mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies.
FCC Statement (USA)
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
own expense. Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by Emulex could void
the user’s authority to operate this equipment. Shielded cables must be used between this
equipment and attached peripheral devices.
DOC Statement (Canada)
Cet equipment ne depasse pas les limites de Classe A d’emission de bruits radioelectriques
pour les appareils numeriques telles que perscrites par let Reglement sur le brouillage
radioelectrique etabli par le ministere des Communications du Canada. L’exploitation faite en
milieu residentiel peut entrainer le brouillage des receptions radio et television, ce qui
obligerait le proprietaire ou l’operateur a prendre les dispositions necessaires pour en eliminer
les causes.
This equipment does not exceed Class A limits for radio noise emissions for digital apparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of
Communications. Operation in a residential area may cause unacceptable interference to radio
and TV reception requiring the owner or operator to take whatever steps are necessary to
correct the interference.
Copyright 1995 Emulex Corporation. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this
document may be reproduced by any means nor translated to any electronic medium without
the written consent of:
Emulex Corporation
3535 Harbor Boulevard
Costa Mesa, California 92626
Printed in U.S.A.
Table of Contents
Preface
Product Support .................................................................................... i
Audience
.................................................................................... i
User Guide Conventions...................................................................... ii
Related Documentation ...................................................................... iii
Chapter 1 Introduction
Emulex DCP_link ............................................................................. 1-2
Hardware Requirements ........................................................... 1-3
Software Requirements ............................................................ 1-3
Chapter 2 Hardware Configuration
Factory Default Settings ................................................................... 2-2
Base I/O Address...................................................................... 2-3
Host Interrupt Level (IRQ Settings) ......................................... 2-5
DCPx86i/e Adapter Configuration ................................................... 2-6
DCP286i-SBC Configuration ........................................................... 2-6
Jumper Settings ........................................................................ 2-6
Software Compatibility Level............................................ 2-7
Control Register 4 Read Option......................................... 2-8
Window Group Select........................................................ 2-8
Memory Size...................................................................... 2-8
Setting Data Clock Direction (DTE or DCE)........................... 2-9
DCP386i Configuration.................................................................. 2-11
Jumper Settings ...................................................................... 2-11
PC I/O Channel Check..................................................... 2-12
Window Group Select...................................................... 2-12
DCP486e Configuration ................................................................. 2-14
Jumper Settings ...................................................................... 2-14
Window Group Select...................................................... 2-14
DCP386i/486e Daughterboard Settings.......................................... 2-16
8-Port RS-232 Daughterboard................................................ 2-16
Setting DTE or DCE Operation ....................................... 2-16
8-Port RS-422/X.21 Daughterboard....................................... 2-18
Setting DTE or DCE Operation ....................................... 2-18
Table of Contents ii
Chapter 3 Installation and Cabling
Installing the Emulex Adapter ..........................................................3-3
Cabling Connections .........................................................................3-4
Factory Default Settings....................................................................3-4
DCP286i-SBC Adapter Cables .................................................3-4
DCP386i/DCP486e Daughterboard Cabling ............................3-4
RS-232 Cabling ..................................................................3-4
RS-422/X.21 Cabling .........................................................3-5
Optional Cable Drawings..................................................................3-6
Loopback Plug Options ............................................................3-6
RS-232/EIA-530 Loopback Plug .......................................3-6
V.35 Loopback Plug Winchester Male ..............................3-7
X.21 Loopback Plug DB15F ..............................................3-8
DCP286i-SBC Adapter Cables .........................................................3-9
RS-232 Cable Assembly ....................................................3-9
RS-422/530 Cable Assembly ...........................................3-10
RS-423 Cable Assembly ..................................................3-11
RS-485 Cable Assembly ..................................................3-12
V.35 Cable Assembly.......................................................3-13
X.21 Cable Assembly.......................................................3-14
RS-232 Standard Cable ....................................................3-15
RS-232 Null-Modem Cable (Crossover)..........................3-16
RS-423/RS-485 Null Modem Cable.................................3-17
V.35 Null Modem Cable ..................................................3-18
X.21 Null Modem Cable ..................................................3-19
DCP 386i/486e Daughterboard Cabling .................................3-20
RS-232 Cabling ................................................................3-20
RS-232 Standard Cable .........................................3-21
RS-232 Null-Modem Cable (Crossover) ...............3-22
RS-232 Three-Wire Port Cable .............................3-22
RS-422 Cabling ................................................................3-21
RS-422 Standard Cable .........................................3-24
X.21 Adapter Cable ...............................................3-25
RS-422 Null-Modem Cable...................................3-26
Troubleshooting ..............................................................................3-27
Table of Contents iii
Chapter 4 Software Installation
Software Installation Procedure........................................................ 4-2
Installing to Novell NetWare version 3.12............................... 4-2
Installing to Novell NetWare version 4.1................................. 4-4
Uninstall Procedures......................................................................... 4-6
Uninstall using NetWare version 3.12...................................... 4-6
Uninstall using NetWare version 4.1........................................ 4-8
Chapter 5 Software Configuration
INETCFG
................................................................................ 5-2
INETCFG Menus ..................................................................... 5-2
Using Context Sensitive Help .................................................. 5-4
Configuring with INETCFG............................................................. 5-5
Chapter 6 Frame Relay Configuration
Introduction
................................................................................ 6-2
Frame Relay Networks ............................................................. 6-2
Frame Relay Parameters........................................................... 6-3
Diagramming Your Frame Relay Network .............................. 6-4
Planning Your Frame Relay Network ...................................... 6-4
Configuring the Network Interface................................................... 6-6
Configuring the WAN Call Directory ............................................ 6-10
Network Protocol and Binding Configuration................................ 6-13
Configuring Protocol Parameters ........................................... 6-13
Binding Network Protocols to a WAN Interface ................... 6-14
Table of Contents iv
Chapter 7 X.25 Configuration
Introduction
.................................................................................7-2
Virtual Circuit Service ..............................................................7-3
Logical Channel Numbers ........................................................7-4
Diagramming Your X.25 Network ...........................................7-5
Planning Your X.25 Network ...................................................7-5
Frame Level Parameters .....................................................7-5
Packet Level Parameters.....................................................7-6
Logical Channel Numbers ........................................................7-8
Emulex X.25 User Facilities .....................................................7-9
Configuring the X.25 Network Interface ........................................7-11
Modifying/Creating A Profile.................................................7-13
Local DTE Address.................................................................7-15
X.25 Authentication Options ..................................................7-15
Configuring the WAN Call Directory.............................................7-17
Expert Call Configuration.......................................................7-22
Network Protocol and Binding Configuration ................................7-24
Configuring Protocol Parameters............................................7-24
Binding Network Protocols.....................................................7-25
Chapter 8 Contacting Emulex
Technical Assistance.........................................................................8-2
Prior to Your Call .....................................................................8-2
Placing the Call .........................................................................8-2
Domestic.............................................................................8-3
European.............................................................................8-3
24 - Hour Support .....................................................................8-4
Product Service 8-4
Bulletin Board System ......................................................................8-4
Internet ..............................................................................................8-6
Emufax ..............................................................................................8-7
Table of Contents v
Appendix A
Diagnostic Programs
Diagnostic Platform......................................................................... A-2
Diagnostic Operating Requirements........................................ A-2
README.DOC....................................................................... A-2
Distribution Diskette ............................................................... A-3
Diagnostic Platform Instructions............................................. A-3
Using DCPDIAG3 For The DCP386i ............................................. A-7
Diagnostic Operating Requirements........................................ A-7
README.DOC....................................................................... A-7
Distribution Diskette ............................................................... A-7
Running the Diagnostic ........................................................... A-8
Preface
Thank you for purchasing the DCP_link Multi-Protocol Router. You have
joined the Emulex family of users, who have found that buying our products
guarantees available performance and bandwidth while preserving resources.
We value a strong relationship with our customers and seek to continually
serve your needs in the years to come.
Product Support
Emulex products are supported by a broad range of educational and technical
support services. They are available to help you maximize your system
performance.
Emulex Corporation (HQ)
(714) 662-5600
PreSales
(714) 513-8053
Technical Support
(714) 513-8270
Audience for Advanced Configuration Guide
The DCP_link Advanced Configuration Guide is included as a supplement to
the DCP_link Quick Start User’s Guide. For most standard installations and
WAN setups, the Quick Start User’s Guide should answer most start up and
configuration questions. The Advanced Configuration Guide is intended to
answer questions concerning WAN connectivity and planning. It also
includes extensive cable pin drawings for use in designing custom cabling.
ii Preface
User Guide Conventions
Sections of text that are marked for emphasis are formatted with the
following key words: Note, Important, or Caution.
For example:
CAUTION: Provides the user with directions to prevent a
mistake from occurring.
When a command is illustrated in the user’s guide, the variable choices
allowed to be changed will appear in a contrasting typeface. All command
lines will begin with a triangular shaped symbol.
An example of a command line is:
>
LOAD INETCFG
DCPx86i/e Terminology
Throughout this manual, DCPx86i/e is used to represent the Emulex DCP
product line based on the Intel 80x86 microprocessors. These include the
following:
•
DCP286i-SBC (Single Board Configurable, ISA bus)
•
DCP386i (ISA bus)
•
DCP486e (EISA bus)
•
All of these products are compatible with the Emulex DCP_link
software.
Preface iii
Related Documentation
This section is designed to assist the reader in finding third party reference
manuals for the support of NetWare WAN protocols and general networking
architectures and principles.
NetWare Guides (Included with DCP_link)
Novell NetWare MultiProtocol Router 3.0 Installation and Basic
Configuration Guide
Novell NetWare MultiProtocol Router 3.0 Advanced Configuration and
Reference Guide
Protocol Guides
X.25 Explained: Protocols for Packet Switching Networks
R.J. Deasington
Published by Ellis Horwood, publishers
ISBN 0-13-972175-4
LAN Troubleshooting Handbook
Mark A. Miller
M & T Publishing, Inc.
ISBN 1-55-851-096-7
Internetworking with TCP/IP: Principles, Protocols and Architecture
Douglas Comer
Prentice Hall
ISBN 0-13-470154-2
Emulex Guides
Emulex ECX X.25 Packet Level Reference Manual, PT1054204
Emulex ECX X.25 Frame Level Reference Manual, PT1054205
Emulex ECX X.25 Protocol Programmer’s Guide, PT1054207
Emulex ECX X.25 Library User’s Guide, PT1054602
Introduction
Chapter 1
EMULEX DCP_LINK.............................................................................................1-2
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS ...........................................................................1-3
SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................1-3
1-2 Chapter 1
Emulex DCP_link
Emulex DCP_link is a multi-protocol router including WAN connectivity
software and one of the DCPx86i/e family of communications adapters.
DCP_link is designed to work in conjunction with the Novell NetWare
Branch Link and Enterprise Router, formerly known as the Novell
MultiProtocol Router (MPR 3.0). This unique adapter and software
combination provides remote connectivity across numerous interfaces,
protocols, network types and hardware platforms.
Through Novell ODI specification compliance, Emulex DCP_link adds the
integrated hardware and software components necessary for remote WAN
connections on NetWare LAN environments. In addition to the WAN
adapter, specialized interface modules and protocol stacks are included to
allow upper-level applications the transparent network link to run over multiprotocol configurations.
A copy of Novell MPR 3.0 (Branch Link or Enterprise version) is included
with DCP_link, and must be installed prior to installation of DCP_link.
NOTE: Please refer to the Novell MPR installation
instructions outlined in Chapter 5 of the Novell
NetWare MultiProtocol Router 3.0 Installation
and Basic Configuration Guide included with
DCP_link.
Introduction 1-3
Hardware Requirements
In order to successfully install the Emulex DCP_link software, you must be
running NetWare on a Novell approved hardware platform, or you must first
install the Runtime version of Novell NetWare that is shipped with
DCP_link. If you are running on a Novell approved hardware platform, you
will need the following minimum configuration.
•
An Intel (or equivalent) 80386 (minimum) based host server with
ISA/EISA slot(s) available for WAN adapter(s).
•
At least 16MB of system RAM.
•
80 MB of available hard disk memory.
•
(For CD-ROM installation only) A CD-ROM drive compatible with ISO
9660 formatted disks.
•
NetWare certified LAN Network Interface Card (NIC) for local routing.
•
A 3.5” floppy diskette drive.
You will need the following communications equipment:
•
For analog lines, synchronous modems at both ends of the WAN
connection (point-to-point configurations).
•
DSU/CSU, synchronous modem, PBX, or T1 multiplexer.
•
Cable connectors and adapters, as applicable, for RS-232C, V.35, RS422, or X.21 interfaces. Basic connectors for RS-232C and RS-422 are
included with DCP_link.
Software Requirements
To operate properly, your system software should be configured as follows:
•
The system should start DOS from the hard disk. NetWare is started from
DOS before it takes over the system hardware completely.
•
Novell DOS 7 (included), MS-DOS or PCDOS 3.1 or higher.
1-4 Chapter 1
CAUTION: The system must not load any of the following
modules:
- extended memory managers, such as HIMEM,
QEMM, or EMM386.
- disk compression utilities, such as Disk Doubler.
- any terminate-and-stay-resident (TSR) programs.
Verify that the Novell environment meets the following criteria:
•
NetWare O/S version 3.12 or version 4.1 (Runtime version included with
DCP_link).
•
Novell MultiProtocol Router (Branch Link or Enterprise version) MPR
3.0, (included with DCP_link).
•
You must successfully install MPR software before attempting to install
the Emulex adapter.
What’s Next?
After ensuring that you have the minimum hardware and software
configuration for your server/router, refer to chapter 2 to:
† Review Hardware Configuration and determine if you are able to use the
Factory Default Settings.
Hardware
Configuration
Chapter 2
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS ......................................................................2-2
BASE I/O ADDRESS .........................................................................................2-3
HOST INTERRUPT LEVEL (IRQ SETTING)........................................................2-5
DCP286I-SBC ADAPTER CONFIGURATION ..................................................2-6
JUMPER SETTINGS ...........................................................................................2-6
Software Compatibility Level .................................................................2-7
Control Register 4 Read Option ..............................................................2-8
Window Group Select .............................................................................2-8
Memory Size ...........................................................................................2-8
SETTING DATA CLOCK DIRECTION (DTE OR DCE) .......................................2-9
DCP386I ADAPTER CONFIGURATION .........................................................2-11
JUMPER SETTINGS .........................................................................................2-11
PC I/O Channel Check ..........................................................................2-12
Window Group Select ...........................................................................2-12
DCP486E ADAPTER CONFIGURATION ........................................................2-14
JUMPER SETTINGS .........................................................................................2-14
Window Group Select ...........................................................................2-14
DCP386I/486E DAUGHTERBOARD SETTINGS ............................................2-16
8-PORT RS-232 DAUGHTERBOARD ...............................................................2-16
DTE/DCE Selection ..............................................................................2-16
8-PORT RS-422/X.21 DAUGHTERBOARD ......................................................2-18
SETTING DTE OR DCE OPERATION ..............................................................2-18
2-2 Chapter 2
DCP_link features an 80x86 microprocessor based “intelligent” WAN
adapter to provide powerful co-processing capabilities. The adapter utilizes
1Mb of on-board shared memory to transfer commands and data to the
NetWare server. DMA channels are included to support full-duplex
operation.
This chapter describes the factory default configuration of the
DCP286i/386i/486e and tells how to configure the board for WAN
applications.
Factory Default Settings
This factory default configuration is correct for all WAN applications:
•
DCP286i, DCP386i and DCP486e compatibility level
•
1 Megabyte memory size
•
Window Group Select 16K, 32K, 64K, 1MB
•
Control Register 4 Read option enabled
IMPORTANT: The base I/O address and the IRQ level
must not be in conflict with any other adapter on
the server. Verify that both the base I/O address
and the interrupt level (IRQ setting) configured on
the adapter match the software configuration. For
more information, refer to Chapter 6.
Verify that the following factory default parameters are appropriate for your
server environment. If you can use the factory default configuration, refer to
the DCP_link Quick Start User’s Guide.
Base I/O address
33C hex
Interrupt Level (IRQ)
3
Data clock direction
DTE
Hardware Configuration 2-3
NOTE: The Base I/O address and IRQ settings are the
same for all adapters. Data Clock Direction, DTE,
is correct for all connections except V.35.
Other switch or jumper settings unique to an individual adapter type (i.e.,
DCP286i-SBC, DCP386i, or DCP486e) are detailed in a separate section of
this chapter specific to each adapter.
Base I/O Address
The Base I/O address is selected via switch SW1, which may be labeled CR
ADDR (Control Register Address) on some adapters.
The adapter requires four bytes of I/O locations for its control registers.
These control registers are used by the server CPU to coordinate and service
information provided by the adapter. The address of these registers depends
on the setting of switches SW1-1 through SW1-4. The factory default is set
to 33C hex.
Figure 2-1 shows the possible settings for the Control Register 1 address. To
locate the position of SW1 on the adapter, refer to the appropriate diagram in
the following sections for the adapter type you are installing (i.e. 286, 386 or
486).
2-4 Chapter 2
SW1 - Base I/O Address Settings
Figure 2-1 SW1
Hardware Configuration 2-5
Host Interrupt Level (IRQ Setting)
The jumper block used to set the IRQ is unique to each adapter type.
DCP286i - J13
DCP386i - J6
DCP486e - J11
Refer to the specific adapter section for the location of this jumper.
The available IRQ jumper settings are:
/ IRQ 2
Figure 2-2 Host Interrupt Level Jumper Plug Settings
Use one jumper to select the appropriate interrupt level. As an example, to
configure the adapter for interrupt level 5, set the jumper as follows:
Figure 2-3 IRQ 5 Jumper Block Placement
NOTE: IRQ 9 is labeled IRQ 2 on the 386 and 486
adapters. The 16 bit bus slot required by the
adapters defines this position as IRQ 9.
2-6 Chapter 2
DCPx86i/e Adapter Configuration
The remainder of Chapter 2 is divided into three sections according to
adapter type (DCP286i-SBC, DCP386i, or DCP486e). Please refer to the
section for the adapter you are installing.
DCP286i-SBC Adapter Configuration
The following diagram of the DCP286i-SBC adapter shows the location of
all option setting switches and jumpers:
Figure 2-4 DCP286i-SBC Jumper Block Placement
Jumper Settings
NOTE: Jumper block J13 sets the Host Interrupt Level and
SW1 sets the base I/O address for the 286 adapter.
Reference the beginning of this chapter for details
on these settings.
Hardware Configuration 2-7
Figure 2-5 shows the factory default options for the standard adapter
configuration. The factory default setting, as shown, calls for jumper blocks
to be in place on each jumper, thus enabling each option:
Figure 2-5 Factory Default Jumper Block Placement
Figure 2-6 - Jumper Block J1 Options
Software Compatibility Level
Jumper J1:1-2 selects the software compatibility level of the DCP286i-SBC.
In the factory default (jumper connected), an application program is able to
detect that the board is a DCP286i and can take advantage of features not
available in the original DCP286.
2-8 Chapter 2
Control Register 4 Read Option
Set Jumper J1 to enable (J1-3 to J1-4 connected) host read access to Control
Register 4.
Window Group Select
The DCP286i-SBC contains memory that is shared by the host. The host
software can select the size of the window that is shared using jumper J1:5-6.
The factory default setting (J1-5 to J1-6 connected) allows window sizes of
16K, 32K, 64K or 1MB. By removing this jumper, window sizes of 16K,
64K or 128K are made available.
Memory Size
The memory size on the board, 512 kB or 1MB, is selected by jumper
position J1:7-8. The DCP286i-SBC is shipped with 1 MB of Dynamic
RAM. Remove this jumper to select 512 kB of RAM.
Hardware Configuration 2-9
Setting Data Clock Direction (DTE or DCE)
J7, J8, J9 and SW-3 set the synchronous data clock direction (DTE or DCE)
for port 1. Jumpers J4, J5, J6 and SW2 set the synchronous data clock
direction (DTE or DCE) for Port 2.
PORT 2
PORT 1
Figure 2-7 Factory Default DTE Settings All Modes Except V.35
NOTE: DTE OPERATION RS422: In the RS422 mode
additional flexibility is provided to terminate
receivers with 100 ohm resistors. If termination
resistors are required in this mode, additional
switches SW3 - 2, 3 and 4 should be CLOSED (SW2
for Port 2).
PORT 2
PORT 1
Figure 2-8 DCE Settings All Modes Except V.35
NOTE: DCE OPERATION RS422 Port 1: In RS422 DCE
mode, if termination resistors are required,
additional switch SW3 - 2 should be CLOSED
(SW2 for Port 2).
2-10 Chapter 2
PORT 2
PORT 1
Figure 2-9 DTE Settings for the V.35 Mode
PORT 2
PORT 1
Figure 2-10 DCE Settings for the V.35 Mode
What’s Next?
After configuring the DCP286i adapter, refer to chapter 3 to:
† Install the DCP286i adapter in your computer.
† Attach cable.
Hardware Configuration 2-11
DCP386i Adapter Configuration
The following diagram of the DCP386i adapter shows the location of all
option setting switches and jumpers:
Figure 2-11 DCP386i Jumper Block Placement
Jumper Settings
See Figure 2-11 for the location of each jumper block.
NOTE: Jumper block J6 sets the Host Interrupt Level and
SW1 sets the base I/O address for the 386 adapter.
Reference the beginning of this chapter for details
on these settings.
Jumper block J1 and J3 contain the factory default settings for the following
options:
•
PC I/O Channel Check
•
Window Group Select
Reference the following factory default options for the standard Wan
configuration.
2-12 Chapter 2
Figure 2-12 DCP386i Factory Default Jumper Connections
PC I/O Channel Check
The factory default setting (J1-2 to J1-3 connected) for the DCP386i
provides an interrupt line to the PC for parity errors in the shared memory.
This is the I/O Channel Check signal on the PC bus.
A parity error may instead interrupt the local processor at level 0 of the local
82C59. This can be done by placing the jumper in the LCL position (J1-1 to
J1-2 connected). Refer to Figure 2-12 for the factory default jumper settings.
Window Group Select
The DCP386i contains memory that is shared by the host. The host software
can select the size of the window that is shared using Jumper J3. The factory
default setting (J3-1 to J3-2 connected) allows window sizes of 16K, 32K,
64K or 1M. Changing this jumper plug position (J3-2 to J3-3 connected),
allows window sizes of 16K, 64K or 128K. Figure 2-13 shows the Window
Group Select jumper settings.
Factory Default
Figure 2-13 Window Group Select Jumper Plug Settings
Hardware Configuration 2-13
What’s Next?
After configuring the DCP386I adapter, refer to Daughterboard Settings
section later in this chapter to:
† Configure daughterboard.
2-14 Chapter 2
DCP486e Adapter Configuration
The following diagram of the DCP486e adapter shows the location of all
option setting switches and jumpers:
J2
Figure 2-14 DCP486e Jumper Block Placement
Jumper Settings
Refer to Figure 2-14 for jumper locations.
NOTE: Jumper block J11 sets the Host Interrupt Level and
SW1 sets the base I/O address for the 486 adapter.
Reference the beginning of this chapter for details
on these settings.
Jumper block J8 contains the factory default settings for the following
options:
•
Window Group Select
Reference the following factory default options for the standard WAN
configuration.
Window Group Select
The DCP486e contains memory that is shared by the host. The host software
can select the size of the window that is shared. Factory default setting (J8-1
to J8-2 connected) allows window sizes of 16K, 32K, 64K or 1 Megabyte.
Hardware Configuration 2-15
Changing this jumper plug position (J8-2 to J8-3 connected), allows window
sizes of 16K, 64K or 128K.
Figure 2-24 shows the Window Group Select jumper settings.
1
2
3
1
2
3
Figure 2-15 Window Group Select Jumper Positions
What’s Next?
After configuring the DCP486E adapter, refer to Daughterboard Settings
section to:
† Configure daughterboard.
2-16 Chapter 2
DCP386i/486e Daughterboard Settings
This section provides configuration and installation instructions for the 8port RS-232 full duplex DMA daughterboard (I.D.=BC) and the 8-port RS422/X.21 daughterboard. Both daughterboards are fully compatible with the
DCP386i and DCP486e adapters.
8-Port RS-232 Daughterboard
The 8-port RS-232 daughterboard adds the following features to the Emulex
DCP386i and DCP486e:
•
All 8 serial ports may be individually configured as either DTE or DCE
mode.
•
RS232 voltage option.
•
Backwards-compatible with the RS-232C 4-port daughterboard
DTE/DCE Selection
Switches SW1 through SW4 are used to select DCE or DTE operation. These
switches are placed along the board edge as shown in Figure 2-14.
NOTE: Throughout this document, DCE refers to internal
clocking and DTE refers to external clocking.
SW2
SW1
J1
J3
SW3
SW4
J2
Figure 2-16 Switch Locations on the 8-Port RS-232 Daughterboard
Each switch configures two ports, as detailed in the following table:
Hardware Configuration 2-17
Switch
Port #
DTE
DCE
SW1
1
1-Closed
1-Open
2-Open
2-Closed
3-Open
3-Closed
4-Closed
4-Open
5-Open
5-Closed
6-Open
6-Closed
1-Closed
1-Open
2-Open
2-Closed
3-Open
3-Closed
4-Closed
4-Open
5-Open
5-Closed
6-Open
6-Closed
1-Closed
1-Open
2-Open
2-Closed
3-Open
3-Closed
4-Closed
4-Open
5-Open
5-Closed
6-Open
6-Closed
1-Closed
1-Open
2-Open
2-Closed
3-Open
3-Closed
4-Closed
4-Open
5-Open
5-Closed
6-Open
6-Closed
2
SW2
3
4
SW3
5
6
SW4
7
8
2-18 Chapter 2
8-Port RS-422/X.21 Daughterboard
This section provides configuration and installation instructions for the eight
port RS-422/X.21 Each serial port may be individually configured as either
DTE or DCE with the aid of null-modem cables. All ports support RS-422A.
Setting DTE or DCE Operation
NOTE: Throughout this document, DCE refers to internal
clocking and DTE refers to external clocking.
SW1
SW2
J1
J3
SW3
SW4
J2
Figure 2-17 Switch Locations on the 8-Port RS-422/X.21 Daughterboard
Hardware Configuration 2-19
DTE/DCE clock selection is determined by the following switch settings:
Switch
SW1
Port #
1
2
SW2
3
4
SW3
5
6
SW4
7
8
DTE
DCE
1 Closed
1 Open
2-5 Open
2-5 Closed
6 Closed
6 Open
7-10 Open
7-10 Closed
1 Closed
1 Open
2-5 Open
2-5 Closed
6 Closed
6 Open
7-10 Open
7-10 Closed
1 Closed
1 Open
2-5 Open
2-5 Closed
6 Closed
6 Open
7-10 Open
7-10 Closed
1 Closed
1 Open
2-5 Open
2-5 Closed
6 Closed
6 Open
7-10 Open
7-10 Closed
What’s Next?
After configuring the adapter and daughterboard, refer to chapter 3 to:
† Install the adapter in your computer.
† Attach cable.
Installation and
Cabling
Chapter 3
INSTALLING THE EMULEX ADAPTER..........................................................3-3
CABLING CONNECTIONS..................................................................................3-4
FACTORY DEFAULT SETTINGS ......................................................................3-4
DCP286I-SBC ADAPTER CABLES...................................................................3-4
DCP386I/486E DAUGHTERBOARD CABLING ..................................................3-4
RS-232 Cabling.......................................................................................3-4
RS-422/X.21 Cabling..............................................................................3-5
OPTIONAL CABLE DRAWINGS........................................................................3-6
LOOPBACK PLUG OPTIONS ..............................................................................3-6
R-S232/EIA-530 Loopback Plug (DB25F).............................................3-6
V.35 Loopback Plug Winchester Male ...................................................3-7
X.21 Loopback Plug DBI5F ...................................................................3-8
DCP286I-SBC ADAPTER CABLES .....................................................................3-9
RS-232 CABLE ASSEMBLY..............................................................................3-9
RS-422/530 CABLE ASSEMBLY ....................................................................3-10
RS-423 CABLE ASSEMBLY............................................................................3-11
RS-485 CABLE ASSEMBLY............................................................................3-12
V.35 CABLE ASSEMBLY ................................................................................3-13
X.21 CABLE ASSEMBLY ................................................................................3-14
RS-232 STANDARD CABLE ...........................................................................3-15
RS-232 NULL-MODEM CABLE (CROSSOVER)...............................................3-16
RS-423/RS-485 NULL MODEM CABLE .........................................................3-17
V.35 NULL MODEM CABLE...........................................................................3-18
X.21 NULL MODEM CABLE...........................................................................3-19
3-2 Chapter 3
DCP386I/486E DAUGHTERBOARD CABLING ............................................. 3-20
RS-232 CABLING .......................................................................................... 3-20
RS-232 Standard Cable......................................................................... 3-21
RS-232 Null-Modem Cable (Crossover) .............................................. 3-22
RS-232 Three-Wire Port Cable ............................................................ 3-22
RS-422/X.21 CABLING ................................................................................. 3-23
RS-422 Standard Cable......................................................................... 3-24
X.21 Adapter Cable .............................................................................. 3-25
RS-422 Null-Modem Cable.................................................................. 3-26
TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................... 3-27
Hardware Installation 3-3
This section describes the procedure for installing the DCP286i-SBC, the
DCP386i, and the DCP486e WAN adapter in your server/router. Brief
troubleshooting procedures are also provided.
Installing the Emulex Adapter
To install the adapter perform these steps:
1) Turn off power to the system unit. Remove the power cord from the unit
and the AC outlet.
2) Loosen attaching screw and remove the top cover of the system unit.
3) Remove the cover from an empty slot. The DCP286i-SBC and DCP386i
may be installed in a 16-bit ISA and EISA slot. However, the DCP486e
must be installed in an EISA slot.
4) Slide the board into the empty slot. Press firmly to seat the board.
5) Secure the board with the screw removed in step 3.
6) Replace the system unit cover and reconnect the power cord.
7) Connect cable.
Before connecting the external device, you may want to perform a complete
functional test of the unit. Refer to Section 4 for instructions on running the
diagnostics.
3-4 Chapter 3
Cabling Connections
Cabling specifications for each adapter type (DCP286i-SBC, DCP386i and
DCP486e) are found in the following section. Cabling differences will be
noticed when connecting a DTE port to a DCE device (normally a straight
through cable), and when connecting a DTE port to a DTE device (normally
a null modem cable). Factory setting on all cabling is DTE.
Factory Default Settings
DCP286i-SBC Adapter Cables
The DCP286i-SBC adapter is shipped with two standard adapter cables
which convert the Micro-D25 male output to a standard DB25 output. Install
the adapter cable for the environment in which you are working:
−
RS232, Emulex part no. PT1011208-01
−
V.35, Emulex part no. PT1011213-01
DCP386i/486e Daughterboard Cabling
This section discusses the default cable connections between the 8-port
daughterboard on the DCP386i and DCP486e adapters and external devices.
RS-232 Cabling
The serial ports on the 8-port daughterboard are connected to external
devices via an 8-port breakout cable, also known as an Octopus cable. Each
output provides a standard 25-pin male RS-232C connector for attachment to
external devices.
NOTE: All connections to the board should be made using
shielded cables to reduce radio frequency
interference.
Hardware Installation 3-5
−
RS232 8-port breakout cable for DCP386i and DCP486e adapter
(80-pin),
Emulex part no. PA1011236-01.
RS-422/X.21 Cabling
For RS-422/X.21 conversion, you will need a set of eight X.21 conversion
cables at the end of the 8-port breakout cable. These are available from
Emulex Sales Support.
−
RS422 8-port breakout cable for DCP386i and DCP486e adapter
(100-pin),
Emulex part no. PT1011205-01
Note: Be sure to securely screw in all cables to avoid any
loose connections.
3-6 Chapter 3
Optional Cable Drawings
Loopback Plug Options
A loopback connector must be used when running external loopback tests on
the DCP286i/386i/486e Platform Diagnostics.
R-S232/EIA-530 Loopback Plug (DB25F)
Loopback plug signals for the female 25-pin connector. This loopback plug
will work for RS232, RS422/EIA530, RS423, and RS485 adapter cables.
TDA
2
TDB
14
RDA
3
RDB
16
TCA
15
TCB
12
RCA
17
RCB
9
RTSA
4
CTSA
5
RTSB
19
CTSB
13
DTRA
20
DSRA
6
CDA
8
DTRB
23
DSRB
22
CDB
10
Figure 3-1 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
Hardware Installation 3-7
V.35 Loopback Plug Winchester Male
TDA
P
TDB
S
RDA
R
RDB
T
TCA
V
TCB
AA
RCA
V
RCB
X
RTS
C
CTS
D
DTR
H
DSR
E
CD
F
Figure 3-2 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
3-8 Chapter 3
X.21 Loopback Plug DBI5F
TA
2
TB
9
RA
4
RB
11
CA
3
CB
10
1A
5
1B
12
7
14
SA
6
SB
13
Figure 3-3 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
Hardware Installation 3-9
DCP286i-SBC Adapter Cables
RS-232 Cable Assembly
P1
DB25 MALE
J1
MICRO-D25 FEMALE
SHELL
FG
1
1
2
TDB
RDB
CTSB
DSRB
CDB
RCB
TCB
DTRB
17
12
TCA
DTRA
15
20
23
23
7
RGND
MODE0
MODE1
MODE2
MODE3
9
RCA
12
20
8
10
9
15
6
22
CDA
10
17
5
13
DSRA
22
8
4
19
CTSA
13
6
3
16
RTSA
19
5
2
14
RDA
16
4
RTSB
TDA
14
3
SHELL
SG
7
11
11
18
18
21
21
24
24
25
25
Figure 3-4 Emulex Part #PT1011208-01
3-10 Chapter 3
RS-422/530 Cable Assembly
J1
MICRO-D25 FEMALE
P1
DB25 MALE
SHELL
SHELL
1
1
2
14
3
16
4
RTSB
19
5
CTSB
13
6
DSRB
22
8
CDB
10
9
17
12
15
20
DTRB
23
7
TDA
TDB
RDA
RDB
RTSA
RTSB
CTSA
CTSB
DSWRA
DSRB
CDA
CDB
RCB
RCA
TCB
TCA
DTRA
DTRB
SG
2
14
3
16
4
19
5
13
6
22
8
10
9
17
12
15
20
23
7
RGND
MODE0
11
11
18
18
MODE1
MODE2
MODE3
21
21
24
24
25
25
Figure 3-5 Emulex Part #PT1011209-01
Hardware Installation 3-11
RS-423 Cable Assembly
J1
MICRO-D25 FEMALE
P1
DB25 MALE
SHELL
SHELL
1
1
2
TBD
RTSB
DSRB
CDB
RCB
TCB
DTRB
9
RCA
TCA
DTRA
15
20
23
23
7
17
12
12
20
8
10
9
15
6
22
CDA
10
17
5
13
DSRA
22
8
4
19
CTSA
13
6
3
16
RTSA
19
5
CTSB
RDA
16
4
2
14
14
3
RDB
TDA
SG
RGND
7
RGND
MODE0
11
18
18
MODE1
MODE2
MODE3
21
21
24
24
25
25
Figure 3-6 Emulex Part #PT1011211-01
Figure 3-3
11
3-12 Chapter 3
RS-485 Cable Assembly
J1
MICRO-D25 FEMALE
P1
DB25 MALE
SHELL
SHELL
1
1
2
14
3
16
4
RTSB
19
5
CTSB
13
6
DSRB
22
8
CDB
10
9
17
12
15
20
DTRB
23
7
TDA
TDB
RDA
RDB
RTSA
RTSB
CTSA
CTSB
DSRA
DSRB
CDA
CDB
RCB
RCA
TCB
TCA
DTRA
DTRB
SG
2
14
3
16
4
19
5
13
6
22
8
10
9
17
12
15
20
23
7
RGND
MODE0
11
11
18
18
MODE1
MODE2
MODE3
21
21
24
24
25
25
Figure 3-7 Emulex Part #PT1011210-01
Hardware Installation 3-13
V.35 Cable Assembly
J1
MICRO-D25 FEMALE
J2
V.35 FEMALE
SHELL
SHELL
A
1
2
14
3
16
4
RTSB
R
T
C
CTSA
D
DSRA
E
CDA
F
10
9
17
12
15
20
DTRB
RTSA
S
22
8
CDB
RDB
P
13
6
DSRB
TDB
RDA
19
5
CTSB
TDA
RCB
RCA
TCB
TCA
DTRA
X
V
AA
Y
H
23
7
RGND
MODE0
11
MODE1
MODE2
MODE3
21
SG
18
24
25
Figure 3-8 Emulex Part #PT1011213-01
B
3-14 Chapter 3
X.21 Cable Assembly
Figure 3-9 Emulex Part #PT1011221-01
Hardware Installation 3-15
RS-232 Standard Cable
DB25
FEMALE
DCP PORT
MODEM OR
OTHER DCE
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
FG
TDA
RDA
RTSA
CTSA
DSRA
SG
CDA
TCA
RCA
DTRA
Figure 3-10 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
3-16 Chapter 3
RS-232 Null-Modem Cable (Crossover)
DCP PORT
DB25 FEMALE
TERMINAL
CHASSIS GROUND
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
TRANSMIT DATA
RECEIVE DATA
REQUEST TO SEND
CLEAR TO SEND
1
TRANSMIT DATA
RECEIVE DATA
REQUEST TO SEND
CLEAR TO SEND
DATA SET READY
DATA SET READY
SIGNAL GROUND
SIGNAL GROUND
DATA CARRIER DETECT
TRANSMIT CLOCK
RECEIVE CLOCK
DATA TERMINAL READY
DATA CARRIER DETECT
TRANSMIT CLOCK
RECEIVE CLOCK
DATA TERMINAL READY
Figure 3-11 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
Hardware Installation 3-17
RS-423/RS-485 Null Modem Cable
Figure 3-12 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
3-18 Chapter 3
V.35 Null Modem Cable
TERMINAL OR
OR OTHER DTE
V.35
DCP PORT
V.35 MALE
SHELL
SHELL
FG
FG
RTS
CTS
RTS
CTS
C
TDA
TDB
TDA
TDB
P
RDA
RDB
R
T
RDA
RDB
V
RCA
RCA
RCB
TCA
TCB
A
C
D
P
S
R
X
Y
AA
U
W
E
F
H
B
RCB
TCA
TCB
ETC-A
ETC-B
DSR
CD
DTR
SG
A
D
S
T
V
X
Y
AA
ETC-A
ETC-B
DSR
CD
DTR
SG
Figure 3-13 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
U
W
E
F
H
B
Hardware Installation 3-19
X.21 Null Modem Cable
SHIELD
Figure 3-14 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
3-20 Chapter 3
DCP386i/486e Daughterboard Cabling
This section discusses cable connections between the 8-port daughterboard
on the DCP386i and DCP486e adapters and external devices.
RS-232 Cabling
The serial ports on the 8-port daughterboard are connected to external
devices via an 8-port breakout cable. Each port provides a standard 25-pin
male RS-232C connector for attachment to external devices.
To connect the port to a modem or other DCE device, use a standard straightthrough cable as shown in Figure 3-10.
If you are connecting the port to a DTE device, such as a terminal or another
computer, you must use the null-modem cable shown in Figure 3-11.
If your device and application software do not require any modem or clock
signals (async only) the three-wire cable shown in Figure 3-15 may be used.
NOTE: All connections to the board should be made using
shielded cables to reduce radio frequency
interference.
Contact Emulex Sales Support for further information regarding price and
model number of any support cables.
IMPORTANT: In order to provide proper strain relief it is
recommended that the breakout cable not be freely
suspended from the PC chassis. If this is necessary,
the breakout cable should be secured to a chassis
or rack. This will help prevent the loss of electrical
connection between the adapter and the cable.
Hardware Installation 3-21
RS-232 Standard Cable
DB25
FEMALE
DCP PORT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
MODEM OR
OTHER DCE
FG
TDA
RDA
RTSA
CTSA
DSRA
SG
CDA
TCA
RCA
DTRA
Figure 3-15 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
3-22 Chapter 3
RS-232 Null-Modem Cable (Crossover)
DCP PORT
DB25 FEMALE
TERMINAL
CHASSIS GROUND
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
1
TRANSMIT DATA
TRANSMIT DATA
RECEIVE DATA
RECEIVE DATA
REQUEST TO SEND
REQUEST TO SEND
CLEAR TO SEND
CLEAR TO SEND
DATA SET READY
DATA SET READY
SIGNAL GROUND
SIGNAL GROUND
DATA CARRIER DETECT
DATA CARRIER DETECT
TRANSMIT CLOCK
TRANSMIT CLOCK
RECEIVE CLOCK
RECEIVE CLOCK
DATA TERMINAL READY
DATA TERMINAL READY
Figure 3-16 (Not Supplied by Emulex)
RS-232 Three-Wire Port Cable
DCP PORT
1z
2z
3z
7z
DTE
CHASSIS GROUND
TRANSMIT DATA
TRANSMIT DATA
RECEIVE DATA
RECEIVE DATA
SIGNAL GROUND
Figure 3-17
z
1
z
2
z
3
z
7
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
17
20
Hardware Installation 3-23
RS-422/X.21 Cabling
External devices are connected to the daughterboards on the DCP386i and
DCP486e adapters via a breakout cable. This cable provides eight short
cables, each with a DB25M (male) connector. The breakout cable is
connected to the daughterboard via a 100-pin connector.
All connections should be made using shielded cabling to reduce radio
frequency interference. Emulex provides several different cables for
connecting to external devices. Contact Emulex Network Systems Division
for information on available cables and prices.
3-24 Chapter 3
RS-422 Standard Cable
MODEM OR
DCE
DCP PORT
1z
2z
3z
4z
5z
7z
9z
12 z
13 z
14 z
15 z
16 z
17 z
19 z
CHASSIS GROUND
TRANSMIT DATA (A)
RECEIVE DATA (A)
REQUEST TO SEND (A)
CLEAR TO SEND (A)
SIGNAL GROUND
RECEIVE CLOCK (B)
TRANSMIT CLOCK (B)
CLEAR TO SEND (B)
TRANSMIT DATA (B)
TRANSMIT CLOCK (A)
RECEIVE DATA (B)
RECEIVE CLOCK (A)
REQUEST TO SEND (B)
Figure 3-18
z
1
z
2
z
3
z
4
z
5
z
7
z
9
z
12
z 13
z
14
z 15
z 16
z 17
z 19
Hardware Installation 3-25
X.21 Adapter Cable
DB25
MALE
MALE
J1
P1
SHLD
SHLD
1z
z1
2z
TDA
z2
14 z
TDB
z9
3z
RDA
z4
16 z
RDB
z 11
15 z
TCA
12 z
TCB
17 z
RCA
SA
z6
9 z
RCB
z 13
4 z
RTSA
z3
19 z
RTSB
z 10
6 z
DSRA
22 z
DSRB
z 12
8z
DCDA
z8
10 z
DCDB
5z
CTSA
13 z
CTSB
7z
GND
IA
z5
Figure 3-19 Emulex Part #PT1011204-01
3-26 Chapter 3
RS-422 Null-Modem Cable
DCP PORT
CHASSIS GROUND
1z
2z
3z
4z
5z
TRANSMIT DATA (A)
RECEIVE DATA (A)
12 z
13 z
14 z
15 z
16 z
17 z
19 z
RECEIVE DATA (A)
REQUEST TO SEND (A)
CLEAR TO SEND (A)
REQUEST TO SEND (A)
CLEAR TO SEND (A)
SIGNAL GROUND
7z
9z
TRANSMIT DATA (A)
RECEIVE CLOCK (B)
TRANSMIT CLOCK (B)
RECEIVE CLOCK (B)
TRANSMIT CLOCK (B)
CLEAR TO SEND (B)
CLEAR TO SEND (B)
TRANSMIT DATA (B)
TRANSMIT DATA (B)
TRANSMIT CLOCK (A)
RECEIVE DATA (B)
RECEIVE CLOCK (A)
REQUEST TO SEND (B)
Figure 3-20
TRANSMIT CLOCK (A)
RECEIVE DATA (B)
RECEIVE CLOCK (A)
REQUEST TO SEND (B)
z
1
z
2
z
3
z
4
z
5
z
7
z
9
z
12
z 13
z
14
z 15
z 16
z 17
z 19
Hardware Installation 3-27
Troubleshooting
If you experience a problem immediately after installing the adapter, check
these areas:
1) Is the device cable the correct type? Some asynchronous cables do not
have enough wires to support the additional signals required for
synchronous communications.
2) Is the board securely seated in the system unit?
3) Are any connections to other boards loose?
4) Are the cable connections made properly? Are the connections loose?
5) Are the factory-set jumpers and switches set correctly?
6) Is the power cord loose in the wall socket or at the rear connection to the
system unit?
7) Are the external equipment connections made properly and is the
equipment powered on?
If the problem still remains, run the DCP286i/386i/486e diagnostic. This
program performs a complete check of all functional areas on the board.
Refer to Appendix A for operation of the diagnostic software. Report any
errors to Emulex Technical Support by calling the phone numbers listed in
the front of this guide.
What’s Next?
After installing the Emulex adapter and connecting external devices refer to
chapter 4 to:
† Install Software
Software Installation
Chapter 4
SOFTWARE INSTALLATION PROCEDURE ..................................................4-2
Installing to Novell NetWare version 3.12 ................................................................................4-2
Installing to Novell NetWare version 4.1 ..................................................................................4-4
UNINSTALL PROCEDURES ...............................................................................4-6
Uninstall Using NetWare Version 3.12 .....................................................................................4-6
Uninstall using NetWare version 4.1 .........................................................................................4-8
4-2 Chapter 4
Software Installation Procedure
This section describes the installation procedure for the Emulex DCP_link
software. The software can be installed either locally on a single server or
remotely on several servers.
If NetWare MPR 3.0 software has been successfully loaded on your system,
please continue with installation of the Emulex software. The installation
procedure has been divided into two subsections based upon the version of
Novell NetWare you are using (version 3.12 or 4.1):
Installing to Novell NetWare version 3.12
1) At the NetWare server system console prompt, type
>
Load Install <Enter>
The Installation Options menu appears.
Figure 4-1 The Installation Options Menu
2) Select Product Options and press <Enter>.
A list of currently installed products (if any) is displayed.
3) Press <Ins> to begin the installation.
4) Insert the DCP_link INSTALL diskette into a floppy disk drive and enter
the drive’s letter; simply press <Enter> to accept the default drive A:
Figure 4-2 Install Drive Path
Software Installation 4-3
After a short delay, the Installation Options menu appears.
Figure 4-3 Installation Options Menu
Select Install on Local Server Only, then press <Enter>.
The INSTALL program copies several files from the INSTALL diskette
to a local directory.
5) When the source files have been copied, the following message is
displayed:
Installation was successful. Bring down and restart each
server on which you installed the software to ensure that it
uses the newest NLM files.
<Press Enter to continue>
6) Press <Enter>. The Installation Options menu will again be displayed.
7) Select Display Log File after install to check for any installation
problems. A list of files that were not installed (for any reason) will be
displayed at the bottom of the Display Log File.
8) Select Display README Files for new additions or information.
9) Select <Exit> to continue the installation procedures.
10) The list of Currently Installed Products is again displayed. Verify that
EMULEX WAN for NetWare has been added to the list.
11) Highlight EMULEX WAN for NetWare and press <Enter> to access
the Internetworking Configuration menu.
12) You are now ready to configure the Emulex DCP_link adapter and create
specific WAN links. Please turn to Chapter 5, Software Configuration
to continue.
4-4 Chapter 4
Installing to Novell NetWare version 4.1
1) At the NetWare server system console prompt, type
>
Load Install <Enter>
The Installation Options menu appears.
Figure 4-4 The Installation Options Menu (v.4.1)
2) Select Product Options, then press <Enter>.
The Other Installation Actions menu is displayed.
Figure 4-5 Other Installation Actions Menu
3) Select the View/Configure/Remove installed products option and
press <Enter>.
A list of currently installed products will display.
4) Press <Ins> to begin installation.
5) Insert the Emulex DCP_link INSTALL diskette into a floppy disk drive:
If you inserted the INSTALL diskette into drive A:, the default drive,
simply press <Enter>.
Software Installation 4-5
Note: If you inserted the INSTALL diskette into drive B: on a
local server, press <F3>, replace A:\ with B:\, then
press <Enter>.
After a short delay, the Installation Options menu appears.
Figure 4-6 The Installation Options Menu
3) Install on Local Server Only is highlighted; press <Enter>.
The INSTALL program copies several files from the INSTALL diskette
to a local directory.
4) When the source files have been copied, the following message is
displayed:
Installation was successful. Bring down and restart each
server on which you installed the software to ensure that it
uses the newest NLM files.
<Press ENTER to continue>
5) Press <Enter>, the Installation Options menu will again be displayed.
6) Select Display Log File to check for any installation problems. A list of
any files that were not installed (for any reason) is displayed at the
bottom of the file.
7) Select Display README Files for new additions or information.
8) Select <Exit> to continue the installation. The list of Currently Installed
Products is displayed. Verify that EMULEX WAN for NetWare has
been added to the list.
4-6 Chapter 4
9) Highlight EMULEX WAN for NetWare and press <Enter> to access
the Internetworking Configuration menu.
10) You are now ready to configure the Emulex DCP_link adapter and create
specific WAN links. Please turn to Chapter 5, Software Configuration
to continue.
Uninstall Procedures
If it becomes necessary to unload Emulex software from your server/router,
such as during an upgrade to a newer release, perform the following steps
according to the Novell NetWare version you are running (version 3.12 vs.
4.1).
Uninstall Using NetWare Version 3.12
1) At the console server prompt, type:
>
LOAD INETCFG <Enter>.
The Internetworking Configuration menu will be displayed:
2) Select Network Interfaces. Using the <Del> key, deconfigure all
interfaces associated with the Emulex adapter.
Figure 4-8. The Internetworking Configuration Menu
3) Press <Esc> to return to previous menu.
4) Select Boards and remove all Emulex WAN configurations by
highlighting all references to the EMXMLID driver and pressing the
<Delete> key.
Software Installation 4-7
All protocol Binds and WAN Call Destinations will be deleted
automatically. Return to the console server prompt when finished.
5) At the console server prompt, type:
>
Load Install <Enter>.
The Installation Options menu will be displayed:
Figure 4-9. The Installation Options Menu
6) Select Product Options and delete the Emulex product
7) Exit Installation Options and purge the product files from the hard disk.
8) Remove the following directories and all associated files:
>
sys:system\Emulex\system
>
sys:system\Emulex
9) Remove all associated files in:
>
sys:system\emx*.*
also remove the following files:
>
sys:system\x.25_cca.nlm
sys:system\fr_cca.nlm
sys:system\subagent.nlm
NOTE: User might have to change attributes to delete files
by entering the command “attribute -r
<filename>“ from the server prompt.
10) Bring down and exit the server.
4-8 Chapter 4
Uninstall using NetWare version 4.1
1) At the console server prompt, type:
>
LOAD INETCFG <Enter>.
The Internetworking Configuration menu will be displayed:
2) Select Network Interfaces. Using the <Del> key, deconfigure all
interfaces associated with the Emulex adapter.
3) Press <Esc> to return to the Internetworking Configuration menu.
Figure 4-10. The Internetworking Configuration Menu
4) Select Boards and remove all configurations by highlighting all
references to the EMXMLID driver and pressing the <Delete> key.
You must also delete the protocol Binds and WAN Call Destinations to
each interface when prompted. Return to the console server prompt when
finished.
5) At the console server prompt, type:
>
LOAD INSTALL <Enter>.
The Installation Options menu will be displayed:
Figure 4-11 The Installation Options Menu
Software Installation 4-9
6) Select Driver Options from the Installation Options menu, select
Configure the Network Drivers and press <Enter>.
7) Using arrow keys, highlight Deselect a Selected Driver and press
<Enter>.
8) Use the arrow keys to select the EMXMLID driver and press <Enter> or
<Delete> to remove it.
9) Return to the Installation Options menu and select Product Options.
10) From the Other Installation Actions menu, select
View/Configure/Remove Installed Products.
11) Using the arrow keys, highlight the Emulex product and press the
<Delete> key to remove the product from the installation database.
12) Exit the Install utility.
13) Remove the following directories and all associated files:
>
sys:system\Emulex\system
>
sys:system\Emulex
14) Remove all associated files in:
>
sys:system\emx*.*
also remove the following files:
>
sys:system\x.25_cca.nlm
sys:system\fr_cca.nlm
sys:system\subagent.nlm
15) Bring down and exit the server.
What’s Next?
After installing the DCP_link software, refer to Chapter 5 for:
† Software Configuration
Software
Configuration
Chapter 5
INETCFG
...................................................................................................................5-2
INETCFG MENUS ........................................................................................................5-2
USING CONTEXT-SENSITIVE HELP ................................................................................5-4
CONFIGURING WITH INETCFG ...................................................................................5-5
5-2 Chapter 5
INETCFG
The Internetworking Configuration utility (INETCFG) is a menudriven utility used to configure the Emulex software.
You can run INETCFG while the router or server is operating. Each
time the utility is used, it reads the existing AUTOEXEC.NCF file
and optionally transfers the LOAD and BIND commands to a
configuration file that is referenced at system initialization (or
reinitialization). This eliminates manual reconfiguration of existing
servers. Always allow INETCFG to automatically update
configuration when prompted.
You must use INETCFG to configure the network environment.
Warning: Do not use text editors to modify the
configuration. Directly editing the
INETCFG files may cause the system to
encounter serious problems requiring a
complete reload of the Netware operating
system
Most configuration changes take effect only after you bring down the
system and restart it. For example, if you enable or disable a board,
or change parameters on a board, you must bring down the server
and restart the system.
INETCFG Menus
INETCFG uses a series of menus, windows and dialog boxes to
configure related sets of parameters. This configuration interface
allows you to enter names of new interfaces, specify parameters and
override defaults without having to use the command line.
The items in the main Internetworking Configuration menu
correspond to the basic steps used to configure Emulex DCP_link.
These items should be configured in the order presented in the
configuration procedures.
Software Configuration 5-3
Boards - Determines which LAN and WAN boards are used in
the server or router. This option allows you to add new boards,
modify the hardware parameters associated with the boards,
enable or disable configured boards, or delete boards.
Network Interfaces - Allows you to configure media-specific
Data-Link layer parameters for each interface of a WAN board.
LAN drivers require no further configuration.
WAN Call Directory - Specifies parameters required to establish
and maintain a WAN connection to a given destination for all
protocols.
Protocols - Specifies global parameters for Network-layer
protocols.
Bindings - Enables a selected network protocol or bridge frame
to be routed across a particular LAN or WAN interface.
Manage Configuration - Enables you to perform the following
tasks:
−
Configure SNMP parameters.
−
Export/import configuration information to or from a disk.
−
Configure remote access to this server.
−
Edit the AUTOEXEC.NCF file.
View Configuration - Enables you to view the following
information:
−
All LOAD and BIND commands.
−
LAN adapter LOAD and BIND commands.
−
WAN adapter LOAD and BIND commands.
−
Protocol commands.
−
Board interface and protocol binding information in a matrix
format. The summary can be saved to a file.
−
Console messages captured during system restart or
generated by the loaded modules.
The bottom line of each INETCFG screen shows the command keys
that can be used on that screen and the action that the key performs.
These keys are.
5-4 Chapter 5
<Esc> key exits the current configuration window or help screen
and returns you to the previous screen. Press <Esc> from the
main screen to exit the program and save your configuration
changes.
<Enter> key allows you to view a list of configuration options or
modify the selected option’s configuration.
<Ins> key adds a new configuration.
<Del> key deletes a configured option.
<Up-arrow> and <Down-arrow> keys move the highlight bar up
and down through the available choices to indicate the current
selection.
Other command keys available for a particular screen are displayed
at the bottom of that screen.
Using Context-Sensitive Help
INETCFG provides three levels of context-sensitive help in most
menu or parameter levels (some menus have only two levels).
Level 1- “fast help” is displayed in a single line across the
bottom of the screen.
Level 2 - Full context sensitive help is displayed when you press
the <F1> key.
Level 3 - Pressing <F1> a second time while viewing the full
context-sensitive help. brings a second level of help. This more
general level explains the overall purpose of the menu or
parameter.
Press <Esc> one time to exit each level of help screens. For example,
if you are in a second-level help screen, you must press <Esc> twice
to exit help completely.
Software Configuration 5-5
Configuring with INETCFG
Important: You must use INETCFG to configure the
Emulex software and hardware you have
installed in your server/router.
If INETCFG is not running, complete the following steps to load it:
1) At the server prompt, type
>
LOAD INETCFG <Enter>
The Internetworking Configuration main menu is displayed.
Figure 5-1
Note: The first time you run INETCFG, you will be
prompted to move all commands from
Autoexec.ncf to other files that INETCFG
uses. Answer Yes to this prompt.
2) If the Internetworking Configuration main menu is not
displayed, please refer to the Emulex DCP_link Advanced
Configuration Manual for instructions on transferring LAN
driver, protocol, and remote access commands.
3) Select Boards, then press <Enter>.
The Configured Boards window is displayed.
5-6 Chapter 5
Figure 5-2
3) Press <Ins> to display the list of available drivers.
Figure 5-3
4) From the list, select the EMXMLID driver for the Emulex
DCPx86i/e adapter installed in your system.
Note: Call Emulex technical support if the driver is
not listed.
5) Enter a name in the Board Name field up to 10 alphanumeric
characters and press <Enter>.
Software Configuration 5-7
Figure 5-4
6) Review the default values in the Board Configuration menu,
and makes changes as needed.
NOTE: Refer to Chapter 2 of this guide to review
the default configuration information used
while installing the Emulex DCPx86i/e
adapter. For non-standard installations,
please refer to the Emulex DCP_link
Advanced Configuration Manual.
7) Once you have finished reviewing the default settings, press
<Esc> and select Yes to save changes to the board configuration.
Note: Any conflicts with the chosen hardware
parameters will cause error messages to be
displayed. Please contact Emulex technical
support if conflicts cannot be resolved.
8) The Configured Boards window is redisplayed with the latest
configuration changes. Note that the board status is Enabled.
5-8 Chapter 5
Use the <Tab> key to toggle between Enabled and Disabled as
needed.
9) Press <Esc> to return to the Internetworking Configuration
menu.
What’s Next?
After installing and configuring the DCP_link software, refer to
Chapters 6 and 7 of this manual for:
† Frame Relay Configuration
† X.25 Configuration
Frame Relay
Configuration
Chapter 6
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................6-2
Frame Relay Networks ..............................................................................................................6-2
Frame Relay Parameters ............................................................................................................6-3
Diagramming Your Frame Relay Network................................................................................6-4
Planning Your Frame Relay Network........................................................................................6-4
CONFIGURING THE NETWORK INTERFACE...........................................................6-6
CONFIGURING WAN CALL DIRECTORY ................................................................6-10
NETWORK PROTOCOLS AND BINDINGS ................................................................6-13
Configuring Protocol Parameters.............................................................................................6-13
Binding Network Protocols to a WAN Interface .....................................................................6-14
6-2 Chapter 6
Introduction
Emulex Frame Relay software is a streamlined, connection-oriented framemode data service based on frame-switching /relaying technology--the
process of quickly transporting HDLC (High-level Data Link Control)
frames through a network.
This software is based on Frame Relay, a WAN telecommunications
protocol standard specified by the International Consultative Committee for
Telegraphy and Telephony (CCITT) and ANSI (American National
Standards Institute). Frame Relay was originally specified by CCITT as an
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) frame-mode service.
Emulex Frame Relay supports AppleTalk, Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX)
protocol, and the Source Route Bridge protocol of the NetWare
MultiProtocol Router 3.0 software.
Frame Relay Networks
Private line networks permanently allocate dedicated transmission resources
between communication end points, regardless of traffic conditions. The
Frame Relay network uses statistical multiplexing. Transmission resources
are not allocated until active communications exist. Network resources are
shared dynamically among participating end points.
Frame Relay networks provide the best features of TDM (time division
multiplexing): high-speed, low-delay circuit switching and the statistical
multiplexing and port sharing of X.25 packet-switching technologies. These
advantages guarantee bandwidth according to the set committed information
rate (CIR), and allow bandwidth-on-demand bursts when available.
The Frame Relay network consists of Frame Relay switches, which usually
are owned and administered by the carriers. The access connection to the
Frame Relay network is typically provided by a Local Exchange Carrier
(LEC) and can also be bundled into the Frame Relay provider's service. A
network provider can be an LEC; a Metropolitan Frame Relay service, an
Interexchange Carrier (IXC), an interstate, national, or global Frame Relay
service.
Frame Relay Configuration 6-3
Emulex Frame Relay encapsulates data frames and routes them through the
Frame Relay network based on the Data-Link Connection Identifier (DLCI),
which identifies the local permanent virtual circuit (PVC) end point of the
router. DLCIs are defined through the configuration process or teamed
through the Emulex Frame Relay link management protocol.
A Frame Relay network has the following characteristics:
•
Transports frames transparently. The network modifies only the DLCI,
congestion bits, and frame check sequence (FCS).
•
Detects transmission, format and operational errors.
•
Preserves the order of the frame transfer on individual PVCs.
•
Does not acknowledge or retransmit frames.
Using Emulex Frame Relay, you can have a logical end-to-end link (a virtual
private line) between communication end points. Although Emulex Frame
Relay appears as a dedicated private network to the user, the virtual circuits
and high-speed internode trunking make it a more cost-effective service than
a dedicated line service, with similar performance. It is intended primarily for
high-speed, burst data communications applications, such as WAN
interconnections.
Frame Relay Parameters
Emulex Frame Relay network service parameters, which are determined at
subscription time, are in effect on a per virtual circuit basis. To set up and use
Emulex Frame Relay, the following parameters must be configured before
Frame Relay link activation:
Data Link Connection Identifiers (DLCls) are the PVC numbers that
you need for data transfer (one DLCI denotes one end of a virtual
circuit). Two DLCIs, one at each end of the connection, are required to
form one end-to-end virtual circuit. The DLCI is also known as the
virtual circuit number.
When a client workstation needs access to a remote LAN, the Emulex Frame
Relay router sends the frame to the local Frame Relay network switch which
then sends it through the network to the remote end LAN.
Minimum committed bandwidth access is enforced using the CIR protocol
feature. If a user exceeds the specified CIR limit, a risk of dropped packets
exists. However, users working within their set CIR are usually guaranteed
delivery by the service provider.
6-4 Chapter 6
The Frame Relay network switch monitors the access rate and size of data
frames transferred through the mesh network. The data throughput CIR is
guaranteed by the network, but allows for excess bursts (Be) of data not to
exceed the access rate (AR) of the connection. The committed burst size (Bc)
sets the maximum amount of data that the network agrees to transfer in a
specified time period.
Bursting above the set CIR is allowed only if the connection is configured
for it and the actual bandwidth is available on an end-to-end basis. This
means that the entrance edge node into the Frame Relay network, the transit
nodes within the network, and the exiting edge node from the network must
be available before excess bursting can occur.
Diagramming Your Frame Relay Network
To ensure that all the desired connections to the Frame Relay network are
properly diagrammed, complete these steps:
1) Diagram the existing Frame Relay network showing all router access
points.
2) Draw each connection from the local router to its corresponding partner.
3) Indicate the DLCI number assigned by the network for each connection
(PVC).
Planning Your Frame Relay Network
Specify the following parameters to ensure that all aspects of your
connections to the Frame Relay network are covered:.
Contact your Frame Relay network service provider and request the specific
parameter values you require.The Frame Relay network provider will set up
your service and assign DLCI numbers to each PVC.
Frame Relay Local Router ID - Symbolic name assigned by the system
administrator to identify a particular Emulex Frame Relay router. The ID
is arbitrary and provides a way to track or reference a particular Emulex
Frame Relay router. The Number of partner routers connected using
Frame Relay is also important.
Physical Type - The type of connection between the Frame Relay switch
and the Emulex Frame Relay router. (for example, V.35 or RS-232).
Interface Speed - External or internal. Internal speeds vary with the
driver used. For example, if you have an application that must
Frame Relay Configuration 6-5
communicate with three remote sites using a minimum of 32 Kbps
sustained bandwidth, the physical interface must be able to support at
least 3 x 32 Kbps = 96 Kbps. You should also consider traffic pattern
characteristics (bursty or sustained) when specifying interface speed.
Encoding Option - Corresponds to the encoding set on the physical line
to which the Emulex Frame Relay router is attached. It can be NRZI
(nonreturn to zero inverted) or NRZ (nonreturn to zero).
Destination (Partner) - Destination name at the remote end of a PVC
that connects communication partners.
DLCI - Number-Data Link Connection Identifier number assigned by the
Frame Relay network service provider for each PVC.
When you have completed all the planning steps for the Frame Relay
connections, configure your Emulex Frame Relay software as described
below.
6-6 Chapter 6
Configuring the Network Interface
To configure network interface parameters for Emulex Frame Relay
software, load the INETCFG Internetworking Configuration menu:
1) At the server prompt, type
>
LOAD INETCFG <Enter>
The Internetworking Configuration menu is displayed.
Figure 6-1 Internetworking Configuration
2) Select Network Interfaces, then press <Enter>
The Network Interfaces window is displayed.
Figure 6-2 Network Interfaces
3) The network interfaces for the Emulex DCPx86i/e adapter will be
displayed. Each interface is associated with a physical port. Select the
port (interface) for configuration and press <Enter>.
Frame Relay Configuration 6-7
4) Select Frame Relay (EMX F Relay) from the Available Media, then
press <Enter>. The DCP_link Frame Relay Network lnterface
Configuration menu is displayed.
5) Press <Enter> to display a list of the Emulex DCPx86i/e adapters that are
installed.
6) Select the adapter you wish to configure and press <Enter>.
7) Press <Enter> to display the Interface Options menu. The PAL# will be
displayed. If a different PAL# is to be used, install the corresponding
files first and then select the correct PAL# from the list.
8) Press <Enter> to choose the Data Encoding option, NRZ or NRZI.
9) In the Interface Speed field, press <Enter> to display a list of line
clocking rates. Choose External for modem operation. Generally, the
service provider will be DCE and the default “External” will be used.
10) Interface Status: Press <Enter> to select the Interface Status (normally
Enabled).
NOTE: The Interface Status field is most often used to test
a particular adapter configuration by disabling
other adapters, which prevents them from loading.
11) DLCI Values: Displays the configured DLCI (Data Link Connection
Identifier). Press <Ins> to add a new DLCI number as assigned by the
Frame Relay provider.
12) Check the Parameter Group to ensure all selections match the
requirements of your service provider.
In general, the factory default parameters should be adequate for most
applications. Most installations can limit the updates to these parameters.
To make changes to the above parameters, highlight the field in the Frame
Relay Network Interface Configuration menu which requires modification
and select the appropriate value for that parameter:
User Data Size field allows the configuration of the maximum user data
frame, in bytes, that can be received.
6-8 Chapter 6
NOTE: The User Data Size should be smaller than the
absolute frame size accommodated by the network,
i.e., less than the Maximum Physical Packet
Receive Size configured in the STARTUP.NCF file.
Verify that all destinations support the same
Maximum Physical Packet Receive Size.
Send Queue Limit specifies the maximum number of outbound data
packets that can be queued to this port for transmission. When the queue
limit is exceeded, the most recently queued outbound packets are
dropped.
The value ranges from 0 to 512 packets with a factory default of 100
packets. Selecting 0 disables the queue limit thereby allowing unlimited
queue depth.
NOTE: When utilizing unlimited queue depth, monitor the
server performance and total traffic constantly. Be
especially careful of conditions that can impact
memory usage and adversely affect buffer table
allocation in the NetWare environment.
Parameter Group field specifies the type of link management required.
−
Annex D Parameters (factory default)
−
LMI Parameters
−
No DLCI Parameters
Both LMI and Annex D provide similar management facilities
except that Annex D enables an unrequested status commands from
the network.
Select No DLCI Parameters for back-to-back or point-to-point Frame
Relay configurations.
The Parameter Group Configuration field applies to both Annex D and
LMI link management.
Frame Relay Configuration 6-9
Full Status Enquiry Counter specifies the number of standard status
enquiries to exchange before issuing a full status inquiry from the
network. The value ranges from 1 to 255 with a factory default of 6
enquiries. A full status enquiry response from the network updates the
Frame Relay network and link information tables.
Error Threshold Counter specifies the maximum number of error
events detected within the most recent monitored events (specified by the
Monitored Event Counter parameter). If this counter is exceeded, an
alarm is generated.
The counter must be less than or equal to the Monitored Event Counter.
The value ranges from 1 to 10 with an LMI factory default of 3 events
and an Annex D factory default of 3 events.
Monitored Event Counter specifies the number of most recent
consecutive exchanges to be monitored by the router. The values ranges
from 1 to 10, with a factory default of 4 events.
Status Polling Timer specifies the number of seconds between
consecutive status enquiries initiated by the router to the network. At the
specified time interval, the router requests a sequence number exchange
status. If the router does not receive a status message response within the
specified polling time, an error is detected.
The value ranges from 5 to 30, with an LMI factory default of 10
seconds and an Annex D factory default of 10 seconds.
After completing all the Frame Relay parameter modifications, press <Esc>
and select Yes to save the changes to the network interface configuration.
The Network Interfaces screen will be displayed showing the port as enabled.
Press <Esc> to return to the Internetworking Configuration menu and
continue with the following sections.
6-10 Chapter 6
Configuring WAN Call Directory
The WAN Call Directory is a list of WAN Call Destination configurations to
use for each virtual circuit. You must create at least one WAN Call
Destination configuration for each destination. WAN Call Destination
configurations contain parameters to be applied by Emulex Frame Relay
software when establishing and maintaining calls to the destination.
Only permanent call configurations are supported in the current Emulex
Frame Relay implementation. This type of connection is suited for use with
dynamic routing protocols such as RIP or the NetWare Link Services
Protocol (NLSP) software.
1) If you are not already in the Internetworking Configuration menu, load
INETCFG from the server prompt:
Figure 6-3.Internetworking Configuration
2) Select WAN Call Directory, then press <Enter>
The Configured Wan Call Destination window appears.
Figure 6-4. WAN Call Destinations
Frame Relay Configuration 6-11
NOTE: If a WAN Call Destination has not been configured,
the list will be empty (as pictured above).
3) Press <Ins> to configure a new WAN Call Destination.
The prompt New Call Destination Name allows you to enter a name of
up to 47 alphanumeric characters for the new WAN Call Destination.
Figure 6-5 Configure Wan Call Destinations
The WAN Call Destination name entered here is used in other menu
options when a WAN Call Destination name needs to be identified. You
should use a descriptive name, such as the name of the remote
destination or a branch office or store number.
4) Enter a name for the new WAN Call Destination, then press <Enter>.
A list of supported wide area media is displayed.
Figure 6-6 Choose a Supported Wide Area Medium
These are media types that have been generated through the INETCFG
Network Interfaces menu. If you have not yet configured a Frame Relay
interface, then Frame Relay is not available for WAN Call Destinations.
6-12 Chapter 6
NOTE: If you have not configured any Network Interfaces
before attempting to configure a WAN Call
Destination, you receive this message:
WAN network interfaces must be configured
before WAN Call Destinations may be created.
5) Select EMX F Relay as the wide area medium. The Frame Relay Call
Destination Configuration menu is displayed:
Figure 6-7 Call Destination Configuration
6) Interface Name: Press <Enter> to select the Network interface that has
been defined for EMX F Relay.
7) Circuit Type: Permanent, the default, is the only option available.
8) DLCI Number: Press <Enter> to select the local DLCI (circuit number)
entered in the Network Interfaces screen.
9) After defining all the necessary parameters, press <Esc> and select Yes
to save the changes to the Frame Relay WAN Call Destination
Configuration.
Frame Relay Configuration 6-13
Network Protocols and Bindings
The following sections outline the steps necessary to configure the Network
Protocols and Bindings so the interfaces can be used with the LAN and
WAN connections just established.
Configuration of protocols and bindings must be completed prior to using the
Emulex software.
Configuring Protocol Parameters
1) From the Internetworking Configuration menu, select Protocols and
press <Enter>.
Figure 6-8 Internetworking Configuration
2) The Protocol Configuration menu is displayed.
Figure 6-9 Protocol Configuration
3) From the Protocol Configuration menu, select all desired protocols
needed for support over the WAN link. Each protocol presents a unique
menu for its configuration. You should accept the default settings.
6-14 Chapter 6
NOTE: Most installations can function properly with the
factory default parameters. For non-standard
applications, refer to the Novell NetWare MPR
3.0 Advanced Configuration and Management
Guide.
Binding Network Protocols to a WAN Interface
After adding and configuring the desired protocols outlined above, complete
the following steps to bind a given protocol, such as IPX, to the WAN
interface and to select a permanent WAN Call Destination (if applicable):
1) From the Internetworking Configuration menu, select Bindings then
press <Enter>.
Figure 6-10 Internetworking Configuration
2) A new window displays a list of the Configured Protocol To Network
Interface Bindings.
Figure 6-11 Configured Protocol to Bindings
3) Press <Ins> to display a list of the configured protocols.
Frame Relay Configuration 6-15
4) Select the desired protocol (e.g., IPX), then press <Enter>.
5) From the Network Interface menu, select a configured WAN interface
port, then press <Enter> to bind the protocol to that port.
A new window displays the parameters for binding the protocol you have
chosen to the selected WAN interface.
Figure 6-12 Binding IPX
6) Press <Enter> to select a Permanent WAN Call Destination.
7) Press <Ins> to add a permanent call to the interface.
Figure 6-13 Wan Call Destination Entry
9) Press <Enter> to select a configured WAN call destination. The
Configured WAN Call Destinations screen will be displayed reflecting
the selection.
6-16 Chapter 6
Figure 6-14 Configured Wan Call Destinations
NOTE: If no permanent WAN Call Destinations have been
defined for this interface, an error message will be
displayed.
9) Highlight the desired WAN Call Destination, then press <Enter>.
Press <Esc> until you are prompted to save IPX Bind Parameters.
Answer Yes to save and exit.
10) Press <Esc> again to return to the Internetworking Configuration
menu.
To initiate any of the newly defined bindings on the WAN interface,
issue the REINITIALIZE SYSTEM command at the server/router
console OR bring down the server/router and restart.
To implement changes to an existing binding to a WAN interface, you
must issue the UNBIND IPX FROM <interface_name> command at the
server/router console, and then bring down and restart the server/router.
What’s Next?
After configuring the Frame Relay WAN connections, refer to chapter 7 to:
† Configure the X.25 WAN connections.
X.25 Configuration
Chapter 7
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................7-2
Virtual Circuit Service...............................................................................................................7-3
Logical Channel Numbers .........................................................................................................7-4
Diagramming Your X.25 Network ............................................................................................7-5
Planning Your X.25 Network ....................................................................................................7-5
Frame Level Parameters........................................................................................................7-5
Packet Level Parameters .......................................................................................................7-6
Logical Channel Numbers .........................................................................................................7-8
Emulex X.25 User Facilities......................................................................................................7-9
CONFIGURING THE X.25 NETWORK INTERFACE................................................7-10
Modifying/Creating a Profile...................................................................................................7-13
Local DTE Address .................................................................................................................7-15
X.25 Authentication Options ...................................................................................................7-15
CONFIGURING THE WAN CALL DIRECTORY .......................................................7-17
Expert Call Configuration........................................................................................................7-22
NETWORK PROTOCOL AND BINDING.....................................................................7-24
Configuring Protocol Parameters.............................................................................................7-24
Binding Network Protocols to a WAN Interface .....................................................................7-25
7-2 Chapter 7
Introduction
Emulex X.25 software operates in a NetWare server or NetWare
router/bridge PC environment and provides services for NetWare products
and other applications (including independent developer applications)
requiring wide area connectivity
Emulex X.25 uses the 1984 CCITT X.25 Recommendation, which defines
the interaction between data terminal equipment (DTE) and data circuitterminating equipment (DCE) of a packet-switching network.
In general the end user equipment (mainframe, pad, server) is DTE and the
service provider (X.25) is DCE. In the illustration we see an example of a
call established between two DTE connections.
IBM Compatible
DTE
DCE
X.25
DCE
Novell Server
DTE
DTE and DCE are both responsible for establishing, maintaining, and
terminating the connection. The X.25 protocol primarily services between a
DTE/DTE pair providing the DCE connection.
As described earlier the Emulex X.25 implements the 1984 CCITT X.25
recommendations, including the level 1 (physical), level 2 (frame), and level
3 (packet), along with several library modules. All three levels are generally
configured as either DTE or all three as DCE though exceptions can occur.
For example a DCE which accepts clock signals from a modem would have
level 1 configured as DTE ( interface speed set to external).
Emulex X.25 interface runs in conjunction with NetWare MultiProtocol
Router 3.0 and supports a wide variety of other proprietary software
platforms.
X.25 Configuration 7-3
Virtual Circuit Service
X.25 uses two mechanisms, providing a logical path between end points,
called virtual circuits. A virtual circuit provides a connection-oriented
service, similar to that of circuit switching but with the following exceptions:
•
Limited to a connection between two end points.
•
Economical statistical multiplexing for establishing a logical path
through the network.
There are two virtual circuits types: switched virtual circuits (SVCs) and
permanent virtual circuits (PVCs). An SVC is a dynamically established
virtual circuit using “call setup” and “call clearing” procedures. A PVC is a
permanent, network-assigned virtual circuit that requires no call setup or
clearing and operates like a logical leased line.
Using mixed protocols, the router can maintain multiple connections using
SVCs between multiple sites. SVCs can be set up to operate automatically or
on demand as data and call requests dictate. The router can automatically
establish and disconnect on-demand IP connections using SVCs.
The types of connections supported by Emulex X.25 for various protocols
are shown in the following table.
Protocol
PVC
Permanent
SVC
On-Demand SVC
IPX
X
X
X
IP
X
X
RFC 1356
APPLETALK
X
X
X
X
X
BRIDGE
A permanent SVC is established at initialization and is left in a connected
state until the user or application brings it down. An on-demand SVC is
established only when data is present for the associated virtual circuit and is
brought down after the data has been transmitted and the configured idle
timer has expired. An on-demand SVC remains down until more data is
queued up to be sent, at which time the connection is reestablished.
Once a virtual circuit is established, data packets using this circuit are
automatically sent to the appropriate destination
7-4 Chapter 7
Logical channels differentiate the virtual circuits supported by the packet
level. Each packet is associated with a logical channel which is mapped to
the appropriate destination of the virtual circuit. Multiple connections are
provided simultaneously by multiplexing virtual circuits over the access line.
This enables a more effective use of the access circuit for the available
bandwidth and the traffic density for each logical channel.
Note: Only one PVC or SVC can be established at a time on
each logical channel.
Logical Channel Numbers
The logical channel number is embedded in a 12 bit field within the packet.
For SVCs, the association between a logical channel identifier and a
particular virtual circuit is accomplished at call setup time when the identifier
is chosen from a pool of unused identifiers. The logical channel number is
determined by the X.25 service provider for that particular network
subscription.
At network subscription time, the user specifies the number of logical
channels needed for both SVCs and PVCs by designating ranges of logical
channel numbers. Emulex X.25 configuration uses the decimal equivalent of
the complete 12-bit Logical Channel Identifier in two subfields: the Logical
Channel Group (4 bits) and the Logical Channel Number (8 bits).
Within any of the following categories, the range of available logical
channels must be continuous. Each successive range of logical channel
numbers must be numerically higher than the previous range.
In increasing order, the logical channel ranges are:
1) PVCs
2) SVCs supporting only calls from the network (inbound SVC)
3) SVCs supporting calls from and to the network (two-way SVC)
4) SVCs supporting only calls to the network (outbound SVC)
NOTE: The total number of logical channel on all ports on
an Emulex card should not exceed 255.
X.25 Configuration 7-5
Diagramming Your X.25 Network
To ensure that all connections to the X.25 network are properly diagrammed,
complete these step:
1) Diagram the existing X.25 network showing all router access points and
mark the X.25 addresses.
2) Draw each type of connection from the local router to its corresponding
partner.
For PVC-type connections, show the LCN assigned by the X.25 network
service provider and the partner name.
For SVC-type connections, list the partner names.
Planning Your X.25 Network
To ensure that all aspects of your planned connections to the X.25 network
are covered, complete the following steps:
For each location that a router attaches to the X.25 network, specify the
following parameters:
−
Physical interface required (for example, V.35 or RS-232)
−
Internal interface speed required (for example, 9600 or 19200)
This value is needed only when the clocking is generated internally;
otherwise, clocking comes from the modem.
Number of partner routers which will be connected using X.25 and
whether a PVC or an SVC is required for each.
−
Packet size required (for example, 128 bytes or 256 bytes)
Emulex X.25 Router ID (at top of page) - Symbolic name assigned by
the system administrator to identify a particular Emulex X.25 router. The
ID provides a way to track or reference a particular Emulex X.25 router.
Frame Level Parameters
Sequencing Modulo - Specifies the numbering of sequential frames
allowed in a Data-Link layer window. Modulo 8 is specified for 1984
CCITT X.25 Specifications.
Window Size (k) - Determines the maximum number of
unacknowledged frames that can be received or sent before requiring an
acknowledgment by the remote destination.
7-6 Chapter 7
Maximum Frame Size (Nl) - Determines the maximum frame size (in
octets) allowed to be received on the link. It is automatically configured
from the packet size and maximum packet size information.
Retry Count (N2) - Determines the maximum number of times a frame
should be retransmitted because of the expiration of the Retry Timer (Tl).
A large value for this parameter increases the probability of a correct
transfer between the DTE and DCE. A small value permits faster
detection of a permanent error condition.
Retry Time-out (TI) - Determines the time, in seconds, to wait for an
acknowledgment of the oldest transmitted frame. If no acknowledgment
is received within this set time, an attempt is made to determine the status
of the remote device.
Disconnect Time-out (T3) - Displays the value of the T3 timer. After
attempting to connect the link by sending N2 Set Asynchronous
Balanced Mode (SABM) frames on TI expiration, the Data-Link layer
continues sending SABM frames when the T3 timer expires. This setting
isn’t configurable.
Idle Time-out (T4) - Specifies the amount of time the local DTE waits
(when a link becomes idle) before attempting to poll the partner node for
status. If the partner node does not respond to the polls, the link is reset
and all current virtual calls are cleared or reset. This setting isn’t
configurable.
Frame Node Type - The X.25 frame level configures DCE/DTE
protocol handshaking. Generally, an X.25 service provider will require
DTE.
Packet Level Parameters
Local DTE Address- Specifies the X.25 address (up to 15 digits) of the
local DTE. It should match the address assigned by your attached
network. This address is included in the Calling Address field of the
outbound Call Request packets.
Version - Emulex X.25 specifically supports 1984 CCITT X.25
Recommendation
Role - Determines whether you use DTE or DCE procedures for packet
layer operation in the Logical Channel Number (LCN) assignment.
X.25 Configuration 7-7
When establishing a connection to an X.25 network, you must set this
parameter to DTE (the default value) if you are connecting to a X.25
service provider.
Default Inbound/Outbound Packet Size - The Inbound Packet uses the
default packet size for a inbound call unless another packet size is
specified. Set this value to correspond to your network subscription. The
Outbound Packet determines the maximum out going data packet size
when a call is established without the Flow Control Negotiation
parameter. The default Outbound Packet Size should be a value that is
agreed upon by the PDN and the remote DTE.
Sequencing Modulo - Control over the numbering of sequential data
packets allowed in a window. Emulex X.25 only allows Modulo 8.
Default Window Size - Specifies the default value of the maximum
number of sequentially numbered data packets that can be transmitted by
the local DTE without receiving an acknowledgment at any given time.
When a virtual circuit is established without flow control negotiation,
this value is used as an outbound window size. You should set this
parameter to the value agreed upon by the PDN.
Note: The following timers and counters are not
configurable.
T20 (Restart Response Timer) - Determines the amount of time, in
seconds, that the local DTE waits when it issues a Restart Request packet
to receive a restart confirmation or restart indication. When the time limit
expires, the Restart Request packet is retransmitted.
T21 (Call Response Timer) - Specifies the amount of time, in seconds,
that the DTE waits for a response to an outbound Call Request packet.
T22 (Reset Response Timer) - Specifies the amount of time, in
seconds, that the DTE waits for a response to a Reset Request packet.
T23 (Clear Response Timer - Specifies the amount of time, in seconds,
that the DTE waits for a response to a Clear Request packet.
T24 (Ace-Send Timer) - Specifies the amount of time, in seconds, that a
DTE waits when a packet carrying a valid acknowledgment is sent.
This timer is used to ensure that no acknowledgment is lost. If the timer
expires, an RR (Receiver Ready) packet is sent.
7-8 Chapter 7
T25 (Data Packet Retransmission Timer) - Specifies the amount of
time, in seconds, that the DTE waits for the appropriate acknowledgment
after transmitting a data packet. If the T25 timer expires, the packet layer
resets the virtual circuit.
T26 (Interrupt Timer) - Specifies the amount of time, in seconds, that the
DTE waits when an Interrupt Request packet is sent for an interrupt
confirmation to be received. If the T26 timer expires, the packet layer
resets the virtual circuit.
R20 (Restart Retransmission Timer) - Specifies the maximum number
of times the local DTE retransmits, upon expiration of the T20 timer,
before notifying the user that the associated link is inoperative.
R22 (Restart Retransmission Counter) - Determines the maximum
number of times the local DTE retransmits a Reset Request packet, upon
expiration of the T22 timer, before initiating a Clear procedure for SVC
or a Restart procedure for PVC.
R23 (Clear Retransmission Count) - Determines the maximum number
of times the local DTE retransmits a Clear Request packet upon
expiration of the T23 timer, before initiating a Restart procedure on the
associated link.
Logical Channel Numbers
PVC, Lowest LCN - Determines the lowest LCN used for a PVC.
PVC, Number of LCNs - Determines the number of logical channels
supporting PVCs. This number must agree with your network
subscription.
Inbound SVC, Lowest LCN - Determines the lowest LCN that can be
used for one-way incoming logical channels for SVCs. This value must
be greater than or equal to the lowest PVC LCN parameter value.
Inbound SVC, Number of LCNs - Determines the number of incoming
channels assigned for inbound-only SVCs.
This number must agree with your network subscription.
Two Way SVC, Lowest LCN - Determines the lowest number of two-
way channels assigned for SVCs that can be used for both inbound and
outbound calls.
X.25 Configuration 7-9
Two Way SVC, Number of LCNs - Determines the lowest LCN that can
be used for two-way SVCs. This number must agree with your network
subscription.
Outbound, Lowest LCN - Determines the lowest LCN that can be used
for outgoing logical channels for SVCs. The value must be greater than
or equal to the Lowest two-way SVC LCNs value plus the Number of
two-way LCNs value.
Outbound, Number of LCNs - Determines the number of logical
channels reserved for outbound-only SVCs. This number must agree
with your network subscription.
Emulex X.25 User Facilities
The X.25 Recommendation addresses users' needs for versatility in their
network requirements through a set of optional user facilities. These facilities
give X.25 the capability of being tailored to meet varied network and user
requirements and allow a network installer to fine-tune the network’s
handling of such areas as security, accounting, routing, and performance.
These facilities can be selectively and incrementally specified to the needs of
the users on that network.
Many user facilities can be used within an X.25 connection to a PDN. Some
of these facilities are read-only and may not be changed. User facilities
available with Emulex X.25 include the following:
Flow Control Negotiation - If set to Yes, negotiates (downgrades)
incoming calls containing either Window Size or Packet Size facility
values that are greater than those specified. If set to No, rejects incoming
calls containing either Window Size or Packet Size facility values that
are greater than those specified. Negotiates, on a per-call basis.
Throughput Class Negotiation - Specifies, on a per-call basis, the
throughput of data that can be transferred on a virtual circuit. The range
is 75 bps to 64 Kbps.
Fast Select - If Yes, allows up to 128 bytes of user data to be included
in Call Request packets. If No, user data is not included in Call Request
packets Expands the Call and Clear user data fields from the normal 16
octets to 128 octets, enhancing the data field's usefulness for shortduration, low-volume, transaction-oriented applications. This facility is
often used in the retail point-of-sale and credit card authorization
terminal environment..
7-10 Chapter 7
Reverse Charging Calls - Offers the equivalent of a collect call. It is
allowed on a per-call basis and is specified in the Call Request packet by
the calling DTE.
Closed User Group (CUG ) - Allows the configuration of one or more
virtual private networks within a larger public network. A user may
gather a number of DTEs into a single logical group and restrict the
group’s access ability to receive incoming calls or to make outgoing calls
to the restricted “open” portion of the network. The number of CUGs is
network-dependent. A single DTE can belong to one or more CUGs.
Within the CUG category, you can specify whether a user connection has
incoming access (CUG with Incoming Access), outgoing access (CUG
with Outgoing Access), or both. If a DTE belongs to more than one
CUG, you must also specify a preferred (or primary) CUG.
Bilateral Closed User Group (BCUG) - Offers a finer degree of access
control than CUGs. Bilateral signifies a CUG relationship that has been
limited to a pair of DTEs. Access between the pair of DTEs is
unrestricted; however, access to or from any other DTE is not possible.
Maximum Packet Size - Specifies the largest packet size that can be
negotiated on a per virtual circuit basis.
Window Size - Specifies the largest value, per virtual circuit, to be
negotiated in a Window Size facility parameter field. The maximum
value for this parameter is dependent upon which Packet Sequencing
Modulo method you selected.
D-Bit Procedure Authorization - Not configurable
A DTE subscription with a PDN can include a provision to allow or disallow
a remotely originated, reverse-charged call from reaching that DTE (Reverse
Charging Acceptance). Charged calls, that is, locally generated call requests,
must specify reverse charging.
Emulex X.25 additionally provides local configurable options for both of the
preceding items. Regardless of a customer's PDN subscription, all inbound
reverse-charged calls can be rejected and all outbound call attempts that do
not specify reverse charging can be disallowed.
Configuring the X.25 Network Interface
To configure network interface parameters for Emulex X.25, load the
INETCFG Internetworking Configuration menu:
X.25 Configuration 7-11
1) At the server prompt, type
>
LOAD INETCFG <Enter>
The Internetworking Configuration menu is displayed.
Figure 7-1 Internetworking Configuration
2) Select Network Interfaces and press <Enter>.
The Network Interface window is displayed.
Figure 7-2 Network Interfaces
3) Select an unconfigured interface (port) associated with the Emulex WAN
adapter.
4) Choose EMX X.25 from the available media and press <Enter>.
The X.25 Network Interface Configuration menu is displayed:
7-12 Chapter 7
Figure 7-3 Network Interface Configuration
NOTE: Network interfaces assigned to a group may require
the same configuration for physical and link
parameters. For example baud rate, DTE/DCE...etc
5) Card Type: Select the Emulex adapter type if not already displayed.
6) Interface Options: Press <Enter> to select Interface Options.
7) Interface Speed: Press <Enter> and select the line clocking rate (default
is “External” for modem operation).
8) Interface Status: Displays the current status of the selected network
interface (normally enabled).
NOTE: Use the Interface Status field to test a particular
board configuration by disabling other boards,
which prevents their respective drivers from
loading.
9) Interface Group: Assigns this interface as a member of a collective
group of WAN interfaces. WAN Call Destinations can then be assigned
to the same collective interface groups. This enables protocols like IPX
or IP to request an X.25 virtual circuit through any available interface
within the group. The WAN interface actually used for the call is
dynamically determined at the time the call is made.
X.25 Configuration 7-13
10) Press <Enter> to select an Interface Group. Select a group from the list or
press <Ins> to create a new Interface group.
Modifying/Creating a Profile
1) Press <Enter> and select the standard profile for you X.25 service
provider.
All X.25 installations must have detailed port profiles defined. Press
<Enter> to display the available list of standard profiles for various X.25
service providers. Check with service provider for the profile name.
2) To modify or view existing parameters, press <F3> to display the X.25
Profile Configuration menu.
Figure 8-4 X.25 Profile Configuration
Frame Level Parameters:
DTE/DCE Frame Node Type
Frame Window Size (k)
Retry Count (N2)
Retry Time-out(T1)
Packet Level Parameters:
X.25 Version Support
Packet Sequencing Modulo
DTE/DCE Packet Layer Type
Default Window Size
Default Packet Size
Virtual Circuit Setup Parameters:
7-14 Chapter 7
Lowest PVC LCN
Number PVC LCNs
Lowest Two-Way SVC LCN
Number Two-Way SVC LCNs
Lowest Inbound SVC LCN
Lowest Outbound SVC LCN
Number Inbound LCNs
Number Outbound LCNs
User Facility Setup Parameters:
Flow Control Negotiation
Closed User Group
Maximum Packet Size
Bilateral CUG
Maximum Window Size
D-Bit Authorization
Incoming Refuse Charge Calls
Fast Select
The following parameters are for display only. Modification can be done at
the frame or packet level or virtual circuit setup parameter.
DTE/DCE Frame Node Type
Packet Size
Frame Window Size
Packet Window Size
Number of Virtual Circuits Configured
3) Press <Esc> to save the Profile Configuration and return to the Emulex
X.25 Network Interface menu:
Figure 8-5 Emulex Network Interface Configuration
X.25 Configuration 7-15
Local DTE Address
1) Enter the access address provided by your local X.25 network service
provider.
NOTE: You can leave the configuration at this point by
accepting the default values for the remaining
parameters. To save this configuration and return
to the Internetworking Configuration menu, press
<Esc>, select Yes when prompted, then press
<Enter>.
2) Statistics Period - Specifies the interval (seconds) that the network
interface (port) is interrogated by the driver for statistical information.
3) Interface Queue Limit - Specifies the maximum number of data packets
that can be queued to this port. The range of values is 0 (unlimited)
through 1024 packets. The default value is 100 packets. Selecting 0
disables the queue limit, allowing unlimited queue depth.
NOTE: The Interface Queue Limit value must be less than
the Maximum Packet Receive Buffers as defined in
the startup.ncf.
X.25 Authentication Options
Authentication on the X.25 link checks all inbound and outbound calls
for proper access to the local and remote server.
NOTE: If you will be using “on-demand” call destinations,
you must configure the X.25 Authentication
Options.
7-16 Chapter 7
Inbound Authentication - Toggle between Enabled or Disabled.
Restricts incoming calls to authentication. The originator (server ID and
address) of each call coming in on the X.25 link is first checked against
the Authentication Database before it is given access to the server. Only
those calls in the table are accepted. All other calls are rejected.
Note: When Inbound Authentication is Disabled, the X.25
link will accept all inbound calls regardless of
originating ID or address.
Authentication Database Name - Allows for separate tables of
individual remote originating ID’s and addresses for inbound X.25 calls.
New tables can be constructed through this field.
Authentication Database - Permits the addition and modification of
individual table entries for the specific Authentication Database Name
chosen. The table entry consists of a remote system ID and DTE address
pair.
Press <Esc> and save changes to accept the remaining default values and
return to the Network Interfaces menu.
Press <Esc> again to return to the Internetworking Configuration menu and
continue with Configuring WAN Call Destinations, below.
X.25 Configuration 7-17
Configuring the WAN Call Directory
The WAN Call Directory is a list of WAN Call Destination configurations
you want to use for each virtual circuit. You must create at least one WAN
Call Destination configuration for each desired destination. WAN Call
Destination configurations contain parameters to be applied by Emulex X.25
software when establishing and maintaining calls to the destination.
Two basic types of call configurations are possible: permanent and ondemand. If the connection fails, attempts to reconnect are tried at periodic
intervals. This type of connection is suited for use with dynamic routing
protocols like RIP or NetWare Link Services Protocol (NLSP) software.
On-demand calls specify that the connection should be established only when
needed. Maintenance data such as routing updates is suppressed. These types
of connections are terminated whenever the link is void of network data
longer than the configured Idle Line Time-out value. A connection failure is
retried only when more network data is directed to the remote destination.
To configure WAN Call Destinations for X.25 interfaces, perform the
following steps:
1) From the Internetworking Configuration menu, select WAN Call
Directory, and press <Enter>
Figure 7-6 Internetworking Configuration
7-18 Chapter 7
2) The Configured Wan Call Destinations window is displayed:
Figure 7-7 Configured Wan Call Destinations
If no WAN Call Destinations have been configured, the list will be
blank.
3) Press <Ins> to configure a new WAN Call Destination for X.25.
4) Enter a name for the new WAN Call Destination, then press <Enter>.
NOTE: WAN network interfaces must be configured
before WAN Call Destinations may be created.
5) Select EMX X.25 as the wide area medium, then press <Enter>.
The X.25 Call Destination Configuration window is displayed.
Figure 7-8 X.25 Call Destination Configuration
X.25 Configuration 7-19
6) In the Call Type field, accept the default value Permanent or press
<Enter> to select On-Demand from the pop-up list.
Reminder: You must configure the X.25 Authentication
Options in the X.25 Profile if you select “ondemand” as the Call Type.
On-Demand calls are established only when needed. The connections are
terminated whenever the link is void of network data. Termination is
determined by the Idle Line Time-out value. A connection failure is
retried only when more network data is directed to the remote
destination.
On-demand calls can be placed through either a specific interface or an
interface group, but not both.
−
You can display a list of Interface Group names by pressing <Enter>.
−
Select an X.25 interface group from the list, then press <Enter>.
Continue with Step 7 below.
OR
−
If an Interface Group name isn’t specified, select Interface Name,
then press <Enter> to display a list of X.25 interfaces.
The Select Interface pop-up window is displayed listing the
configured X.25 interfaces. This read-only list allows you to select
the name of the specific X.25 interface through which this WAN Call
Destination can be accessed.
−
Select an X.25 interface from the list, then press <Enter>.
Permanent - calls can be placed only through a specific interface; they
cannot be directed to an interface group.
7) Interface Name: Press <Enter> and select an available Network
Interface from the pop-up list.
8) In the Circuit Type field, accept the default value Switched Virtual
Circuit (SVC), or press <Enter> to select Permanent Virtual Circuit
(PVC).
7-20 Chapter 7
9) For SVC, enter the DTE Address in the Destination DTE Address field.
For PVC, enter the PVC number (which must be configured in the X.25
Profile). Press <Enter> for a list of configured PVC numbers.
NOTE: PVC Numbers may only be configured provided the
Wan Call Circuit type is Permanent and the X.25
profile for that interface has been defined.
The PVC number must match the Logical Channel Number (LCN)
assigned by the X.25 network service provider at subscription time.
10) In the Destination DTE Address field (if Circuit Type is Switched),
type the address.
This is the X.121 DTE address (up to 15 digits, 0 through 9) assigned to
the specific destination DTE.
11) In the Retry Mode field, accept the mode shown or press <Enter> to
select another option from the pop-up list.
This parameter specifies the conditions under which a failed connection
is retried. All connection failures are reported to the system console and
to the Call Manager utility (CALLMGR).
The available options are Never Retry, Retry All Failures, Retry SelfCorrecting Failures. The default is Retry Self-Correcting Failures.
12) In the Retry Limit Handling field, press <Enter> to select the appropriate
option from a pop-up list.
This parameter specifies the action taken when the connection retry
interval exceeds the Retry Interval Limit (described in Step 12).
For permanent calls, connection retries can either continue indefinitely at
the maximum retry interval (which supports unattended operation) or be
terminated (the connection fails).
On-demand calls can only accept Stop At Limit, which means the
connection fails when the retry interval reaches the limit.
13) In the Retry Interval Limit field, accept the value shown or press
<Enter> to change it.
X.25 Configuration 7-21
This parameter specifies the maximum delay between attempts to
establish a connection (the retry interval). The delay is set initially to 8
seconds and increases exponentially until the maximum retry interval is
reached.
The range of time intervals is 00:00:00 to 23:59:59 (hh:mm:ss). For
permanent calls, the default value is 10 minutes (00:10:00). For ondemand calls, the default value is 2 minutes (00:02:00).
14) In the Idle Line Time-out field, if Call Type is set to On-Demand, accept
the value shown or press <Enter> to change it.
This parameter specifies the amount of time that an on-demand call can
be inactive before closing the connection.
The range of values is 00:00:00 through 23:59:59 (hh:mm:ss). The
default value is 10 minutes (00:10:00).
15) In the Remote System ID field, press <Enter> to display a list of X.25
Remote System Ids. This parameter is needed only if Call Type is set to
On-Demand.
This parameter specifies the symbolic name (from 1 to 47 ASCII
characters) of the remote peer system associated with this WAN Call
Destination entry, typically the remote system server name.
16) Use the arrow keys to select a Remote System ID, then press <Enter>
accept or press <Ins> to create a new Remote System ID.
If you press <Ins>, enter the symbolic name (from 1 to 47 ASCII
characters) of the remote peer system associated with this WAN Call
Destination entry in the window that appears, then press <Enter> and
repeat the first part of this step.
To identify the proper WAN Call Destination the Remote System ID is
accessed by the X.25 protocol stack. This is needed to restore an ondemand connection to a remote system that previously initiated a
connection with this system.
7-22 Chapter 7
Expert Call Configuration
1)
If Circuit Type is Switched Virtual Circuit, press <Enter> to view or
modify the Expert Call Configuration parameters.
Figure 8-9 X.25 Expert Call Configuration
The X.25 Expert Call Configuration window is displayed. The
parameters in this window are applicable only to SVC’s.
The Call Destination Name field is a read-only field displaying the
name of the WAN Call Destination entered in Step 4.
2) In the Request Reverse Charging field, accept the default value No, or
press <Enter> to change it.
3) In the Fast Select field, accept the default value, No, or press <Enter> to
change it.
4) If Fast Select has been enabled, the With Restriction field can be
selected. Accept the default value, No, or, press <Enter> to change it.
5) In the Call User Data field, accept the default value, None, or press
<Enter> to change it.
6) In the Generic CCITT Facilities Entry field, accept the default value, or
press <Enter> to change it.
7) In the Generic National Facilities field, accept the default value, or press
<Enter> to change it.
8) In the Suppress Calling DTE Address field, accept the default value, or
press <Enter> to change it.
9) When you have completed all changes to the X.25 Expert Call
Configuration parameters, press <Esc> to return to the X.25 Call
Destination Configuration window.
X.25 Configuration 7-23
10) In the Inbound Authentication Update field, accept the default value,
Enabled, or press <Enter> to select Disabled.
11) Press <Esc>; if prompted, select Yes to save your changes, then press
<Enter>.
The WAN Call Destination you just configured appears in the list of
configured WAN Call Destinations.
To configure another WAN Call Destination, repeat the above steps.
Press <Esc> until you return to the Internetworking Configuration menu to
configure Network Protocols and Bindings.
7-24 Chapter 7
Network Protocol and Binding
The following sections outline the steps necessary to configure the Network
Protocols and Bindings so the interfaces can be used with the LAN and
WAN connections just established.
Configuration of protocols and bindings must be completed prior to using the
Emulex software.
Configuring Protocol Parameters
1) From the Internetworking Configuration menu, select Protocols and
press <Enter>.
Figure 7-9 Internetworking Configuration
2) TheProtocol Configuration menu is displayed.
Figure 7-10 Protocol Configuration
3) From the Protocol Configuration menu, select all desired protocols
needed for support over the WAN link. Each protocol presents a unique
menu for its configuration. You should accept the default settings.
X.25 Configuration 7-25
NOTE: Most installations can function properly with the
factory default parameters. For non-standard
applications, refer to the Novell NetWare MPR
3.0 Advanced Configuration and Management
Guide.
Binding Network Protocols to a WAN Interface
After adding and configuring the desired protocols outlined above, complete
the following steps to bind a given protocol, such as IPX, to the WAN
interface and to select a permanent WAN Call Destination (if applicable):
1) From the Internetworking Configuration menu, select Bindings then
press <Enter>.
Figure 7-11 Internetworking Configuration
2) A new window displays a list of the Configured Protocol To Network
Interface Bindings.
Figure 7-12 Configured Protocol to Bindings
3) Press <Ins> to display a list of the configured protocols.
7-26 Chapter 7
4) Select the desired protocol (e.g., IPX), then press <Enter>.
5) From the Network Interface menu, select a configured WAN interface
port, then press <Enter> to bind the protocol to that port.
A new window displays the parameters for binding the protocol you have
chosen to the selected WAN interface.
Figure 7-13 Binding IPX
6) Press <Enter> to select a Permanent WAN Call Destination.
7) Press <Ins> to add a permanent call to the interface.
Figure 7-14 Wan Call Destination Entry
9) Press <Enter> to select a configured WAN call destination. The
Configured WAN Call Destinations screen will be displayed reflecting
the selection.
X.25 Configuration 7-27
Figure 7-15 Configured Wan Call Destinations
NOTE: If no permanent WAN Call Destinations have been
defined for this interface, an error message will be
displayed.
9) Highlight the desired WAN Call Destination, then press <Enter>.
Press <Esc> until you are prompted to save IPX Bind Parameters.
Answer Yes to save and exit.
10) Press <Esc> again to return to the Internetworking Configuration
menu.
To initiate any of the newly defined bindings on the WAN interface,
issue the REINITIALIZE SYSTEM command at the server/router
console OR bring down the server/router and restart.
To implement changes to an existing binding to a WAN interface, you
must issue the UNBIND IPX FROM <interface_name> command at the
server/router console, and then bring down and restart the server/router.
Contacting Emulex
Chapter 8
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE..............................................................................................8-2
PRIOR TO YOUR CALL ...................................................................................................8-2
PLACING THE CALL .......................................................................................................8-2
DOMESTIC ............................................................................................................8-3
EUROPEAN ............................................................................................................8-3
24 - HOUR SUPPORT ......................................................................................................8-4
PRODUCT SERVICE .........................................................................................................8-4
BULLETIN BOARD SYSTEM...........................................................................................8-4
INTERNET
...................................................................................................................8-6
EMUFAX
...................................................................................................................8-7
8-2 Chapter 8
Technical Assistance
If you experience problems and cannot resolve them, contact Emulex
Technical Support.
Prior to Your Call
Prior to calling Technical Support, gather the following information:
1) Type of host, operating system, and release level (for example,
SparcStation II with SunOS 4.1.1).
2) Network operating system (Novell, TCP/IP, etc.) and release level.
3) Contents of any error log files, such as /tmp/emlx[pid].log.
NOTE: If possible, call Technical Support from a phone
next to a terminal with access to the network.
Placing the Call
Ater you gather the requested information, contact Emulex at one of the
following sites.
Contacting Emulex 8-3
Domestic
Emulex (USA)
Technical Support
3535 Harbor Boulevard
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Telephone: (800) 854-7112, ext. 8270 or (714) 662-5600, ext 8270
FAX: (714) 513-8269
BBS (714) 662-1445 (24 hr)
EmuFax (714) 513-8276 or (714) 513-8277
ftp: ftp.emulex.com (24 hr)
Internet: tech_support@emulex.com (24 hr)
Support Services (714) 513-8061
European
Emulex Limited (Europe)
Technical Support
Mulberry Business Park
Fishponds Road
Wokingham, Berkshire
RG11 2QY, England
Telephone: (011) 44-1-734-772-929 (8:30a.m. - 6:00 p.m.)
FAX: (011) 44-1-734-773-237 (24 hr)
BBS: (011) 44-1-734-773-298 (24 hr)
ftp: ftp.europe.emulex.com
If Emulex Technical Support personnel determine the unit is defective, they
will provide information to return the product to an authorized Emulex repair
center for service. If return is required, a Return Materials Authorization
(RMA) number and shipping instructions will be issued.
Emulex Network Systems has facilities throughout the world. Contact
corporate headquarters for the closest office or regional center.
8-4 Chapter 8
24 - Hour Support
Technical Support within the USA is available 24 hours a day. After normal
working hours, dial one of the following numbers:
Telephone: (800) 854-7112, ext. 8270 or (714) 662-5600, ext 8270
Automatic Call Distribution: (714) 513-8270 (6:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.)
The after-hours answering service asks for a name, company name, telephone
number and product type. The answering service pages the on-call technical
support specialist, who will return the call as soon as possible.
Product Service
If a customer experiences difficulties with an Emulex product and is unable
to resolve the problem with Emulex Technical Support, a Return Materials
Authorization (RMA) number will be issued. Shipping instructions to the
nearest Repair Center will also be provided. Following receipt of the RMA
number, the customer is responsible for returning the product to Emulex,
freight prepaid. For additional information please refer to the Warranty
Registration Card.
Bulletin Board System
The Emulex Bulletin Board System (BBS) allows the user to download
Emulex software and documentation files, upload files, and send or receive
messages. Connection to the Emulex BBS may be made through modem or
the Internet. Obtain upgrades through the BBS by using a modem and
performing these steps:
1) Verify that your communication software supports one of these file
transfer protocols:
Xmodem, K-modem, Z-modem, SEAlink, Telink, or Kermit.
2) Configure the communication software to operate at 2400 -14.4K bps, 8
data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit.
Contacting Emulex 8-5
3) Set the software to dial one of these domestic or European numbers:
−
Domestic:
(714) 662-1445
Auto rollover will be activated if the number is busy. If that modem
becomes inactive, dial one of these numbers:
(714) 662-1582
(714) 662-1630
−
European:
(44) 1-734 773298
The following file areas are available on the BBS:
File
Area Description
#1
Files for Everyone
#2
NETJet - Utilities & Load Image Files
#3
NETJet - Additional Files
#5
NETQue Mate - Utilities & Load Image Files
#6
NETQue Mate - Additional Files
#8
Persyst Products - Drivers
#9
Persyst Products- Diagnostics
#10
Persyst Products- Switch & Jumper Settings
#11
DCP Products - Diagnostics
#12
DCP Products - Switch & Jumper Settings
#13
Technotes: Technical Bulletins
#15
Performance Products - Utilities & Misc Files
#18
Rconnect Files
#19
LANManager Software
#22
Emulex Printer Server Documentation
#23
Emulex Communication Server Documentation
#24
Emulex DCP Products Documentation
NOTE: The file EMULEX.LST in area #1 describes the files
in each area.
8-6 Chapter 8
Internet
The Emulex BBS has Internet access via Anonymous ftp, an Internet service
that allows connection to a remote host without being a registered user on the
host.
1) Userid: Anonymous
The IP address for the BBS is:
−
standard-name ftp.emulex.com
−
numeric-version 138.239.224.1
2) At the main directory, view the readme file for file locations.
3) Go to the desired directory to get the required files.
The following sub-directories under J:/MAILBOX/FILES are available.
NJ
NETJet - Utilities and Load Image Files
NJ/01
NETJet - Additional files
NQ
NETQue Mate - Utilities and Load Image Files
NQ/01
NETQue Mate - Additional files
PERSYST/DRVR
Persyst Products - Drivers
PERSYST/DIAGS
Persyst Products - Diagnostics
PERSYST/INSTL
Persyst Products - Switch & Jumper Settings
DCP/DIAGS
DCP Products - Diagnostics
DCP/INSTL
DCP Products - Switch & Jumper Settings
TSNOTES
Technotes: Technical Bulletins
XXXX
Performance Products - Utilities & Misc. files
RCONNECTR
Connect Software
LANMAN
LANManager Software
BBS: EVERYONE
Files for Everyone
MANUALS/PSERV
Emulex printer server documentation
MANUALS/CSERV
Emulex communication server documentation
MANUALS/DCP
Emulex DCP products documentation
Contacting Emulex 8-7
NOTE: The file EMULEX.LST in the EVERYONE directory
describes the files located in each directory.
EmuFax
EmuFax is an automated document retrieval system that sends Emulex
documents or catalogs to your fax machine.
To use EmuFax, dial: (714) 513-8276 or (714) 513-8277
When prompted during the EmuFax recording, enter the document number of
the desired document or catalog, along with the number of your fax machine.
The document(s) requested will be faxed within minutes.
Diagnostic Programs
Appendix A
DIAGNOSTIC PLATFORM ............................................................................................. A-2
Diagnostic Operating Requirements .........................................................................................A-2
README.DOC........................................................................................................................A-2
Distribution Diskette.................................................................................................................A-3
Diagnostic Platform Instructions ..............................................................................................A-3
Loading and Running the Diagnostic Platform ....................................................................A-3
Menus...................................................................................................................................A-4
USING DCPDIAG3 FOR THE DCP386I ......................................................................... A-7
Diagnostic Operating Requirements .........................................................................................A-7
README.DOC........................................................................................................................A-7
Distribution Diskette.................................................................................................................A-7
Running the Diagnostic ............................................................................................................A-8
A-2 Appendix A
This section describes the operation of the diagnostic program. This program
tests all functions of the DCPx86i/e, including on-board memory and
registers, host memory, interrupts to and from the adapter, and the
microprocessor. For DCP286i-SBC and DCP486e adapters, use the
following DIAGNOSTIC PLATFORM. For the DCP386i adapter, go to the
section entitled DCPDIAG3.
Diagnostic Platform
Diagnostic Operating Requirements
To run diagnostics for test and verification of DCP286i-SBC and DCP486e
adapters, the minimums requirements are:
•
IBM PC, PC/AT, PC/XT, or compatible
•
640KB of RAM
•
A floppy diskette drive
•
DOS version 3.0 and above
Some tests that are NOT selected by default may require loopbacks or null
modems.
README.DOC
The README.DOC file is a non-executable file which contains an
explanation of each diagnostic program on the diskette. To read the file,
place the diskette in drive A and type:
>
A:README. DOC ⎜ MORE
To scroll through the display, press the spacebar. To exit this file at any time,
press <Ctrl>C.
Diagnostic Programs A-3
Distribution Diskette
The diagnostic diskette contains these files:
•
platform.exe
•
localx86.bin
•
help.txt
•
help.idx
•
readme.doc
•
@6141.ADF
•
!emu0000.cfg
•
!emu0008.cfg
Check the diskette to make sure all these files are present, then make a
backup copy of the diagnostic diskette for regular use. If you plan to run
diagnostics from a hard drive, create a subdirectory on the hard disk and,
copy the files into that subdirectory. Place the original Emulex diskette in a
safe place.
Diagnostic Platform Instructions
The Diagnostic Platform can be used to configure and run diagnostics on
several adapters at the same time. The boards may be all the same type or any
combination of supported models. The list of tests and their order of
performance are individually configurable for each board.
Loading and Running the Diagnostic Platform
1) Boot the system under DOS and insert the Emulex diagnostic diskette in
drive A:
2) Set the default drive path to: A:
3) At the DOS prompt, type:
>
A:Platform
The Diagnostic Platform Main Menu appears. You are now ready to
configure the Platform and run the desired diagnostics.
Alternatively you may copy the diagnostics to your hard drive and load and
run from the hard drive.
A-4 Appendix A
1) Boot the system under DOS and insert the Emulex diagnostic diskette
into drive A.
2) Create a subdirectory on the hard disk of your choice then copy the
diagnostics to that sub directory.
3) At the DOS prompt, type
>
Platform
The Diagnostic Platform Main Menu appears. You are now ready to
configure the Platform and run the desired diagnostics.
Menus
Diagnostic configuration and operation are controlled from a series of menus
containing option buttons for configuring the platform and testing of each
board. A window and display bar provide configuration and testing options.
NOTE: Please refer to menus displayed on your screen.
Each highlighted item below corresponds to a
numbered menu selection.
Use the Left or Right arrow key to highlight the desired option and the Up or
Down arrow key to select the menu item to which the option applies and
press <Enter>. Use the arrow keys to highlight the desired parameter
selection and press <enter>. To return to the previous menu and accept the
parameter change, press <ESC>.
The Main Menu contains a scrollable list of the adapters which are currently
configured in the system and the test configuration of each adapter. The
window can display 4 adapters at a time. Use the Up or Down arrow keys to
scroll through the entire list. The following options can be selected from the
Main Menu. Note that the option applies to the highlighted item.
Diagnostic Programs A-5
•
Hardware - This submenu displays the test configuration of the board
highlighted in the Main Menu and allows you to change various
parameters such as “Window Size,” “Window Address,” and “Interrupt
Level”. In the submenu use the arrow keys to highlight the item you wish
to change and the “Change Selection” option. Press <enter> and use the
arrow keys to highlight the new parameter value from the displayed list.
Press enter then press <ESC> to return to the Hardware submenu. Use
the Accept Changes option to save the change or the Restore Changes
to return the parameter to its original value.
•
From the Hardware submenu, select the product for the board you have
installed.
•
Test - This submenu displays a summary of the current diagnostic
settings. Here you may select diagnostic tests, the order in which they
will be run, number of passes and the action to be taken if an error is
encountered on the adapter.
The Host or Local submenu option displays a scrollable list of tests
available on the host or local side logic of the adapter under test. You
may enable or disable the tests and change the order in which they are
run. The test list window displays 18 tests at a time.
To view or select more tests use the arrow keys to highlight the last test
in the window and continue pressing the down arrow to scroll forward.
To scroll backwards press the up arrow. Alternately, you may use the
Page Up or Page Down key to scroll whole pages at a time. The
following options are available from the Host or Local submenus:
−
All On - Enables all tests in the displayed list.
−
All Off - Disables all tests in the displayed list.
−
On - Enables the highlighted test.
−
Off - Disables the highlighted test.
−
Move - Allows the highlighted test to be moved to another position
in the test list.
−
Default - Selects the default test list.
The Passes option sets the number of passes that will be run on the Host
side. The number of Local side passes is a selectable multiple of the
number of Host side passes.
A-6 Appendix A
Selecting the On Error option allows you to determine what action will
be taken when an error occurs on the selected adapter. Error actions can
be set for each adapter independently.
NOTE: You must run host test #9 Downloaded
Diagnostics in order to run the local tests. This
test is loaded to run automatically in the default set
up. Press F1 from within the test menu for help
regarding the function of each test.
File - This menu displays the diagnostic control files currently in use and
is used to define the control files to be used by the diagnostic program
during testing.
Image File - The file which is downloaded to the adapter under test to
run local side diagnostics.
Log File - File on the host which is used by the diagnostic to log error
and other statistical information.
Config File - File on the host which is used by the Platform to store
diagnostic menu and test setup configuration data.
Selecting the Load Configuration option loads the menu and test
configuration data from the host file defined by the screen parameter
CONFIG FILE.
In the File submenu, selecting the Save Configuration option saves the
current menu and test configuration setup to the host file defined by the
screen parameter CONFIG FILE.
In the File submenu, selecting the Change File Name option allows the
user to change the host file name pointed to by each of the screen
parameters.
Status - Displays the current status of the diagnostic test(s) being run
and allows the user to Abort and Continue.
Selecting the Abort option terminates the testing of the adapter
highlighted in the Main menu at the end of the current test cycle while
Continue Testing resumes a diagnostic run which has paused on error.
Run - In the Main menu, selecting the Run option starts the diagnostic
execution on all adapter listed in the Main menu. When execution has
started, selecting the Status Option will display the current status of the
diagnostic run.
Diagnostic Programs A-7
Exit - In the Main Menu, selecting the Exit option exits the Platform and
returns control the PC to DOS.
Using DCPDIAG3 for the DCP386i
This section describes the operation of the diagnostic program supplied with
the DCP386i/e. The diagnostics test all functions of the DCP386i/e,
including on-board memory and registers, host memory, interrupts to and
from the card, and the microprocessor.
Diagnostic Operating Requirements
To run diagnostics for test and verification of DCP386i adapters, these
minimums are required:
•
IBM PC, PC/AT, PC/XT, or compatible
•
512KB of RAM
•
A floppy diskette drive
•
DOS version 3.0 and above
Additionally, some tests that are NOT selected by default, require either
loopbacks or null modems.
README.DOC
The README.DOC file is a non-executable file which contains an
explanation of each diagnostic program on the diskette. To read the file,
place the diskette in drive A and type:
>
A:README.386 ⎜ MORE
To scroll through the display, press the spacebar. To exit this file at any time,
press <Ctrl>C.
Distribution Diskette
The diagnostic diskette contains the following files:
•
dcpdiag3.exe
•
dgdcp386.bin
•
help386.txt
•
readme.386
A-8 Appendix A
•
options.386
•
dmadcp.asm
•
dmapc.asm
•
dma.equ
•
dcp286d.equ
•
mac.equ
•
scc.equ
•
assem.bat
•
build.bat
•
dmatest.bat
•
dmatest.doc
Check the diskette to make sure all these files are present. After you have
done this, make a backup copy of the diagnostic diskette for regular use. If
running the diagnostics from a hard drive, create a subdirectory in your hard
disk, then copy the diagnostics to that subdirectory. In both cases, place the
original Emulex diskette in a safe place.
Running the Diagnostic
The Diagnostic Platform can be used to configure and run diagnostics on
several adapters at the same time. The adapter may be all the same type or
any combination of supported models. The list of tests and their order of
performance are individually configurable for each adapters. To run the
diagnostic program, perform these steps:
1) Boot the system under DOS and insert the Emulex diagnostic diskette in
drive A:
2) Set the default drive path to: A:
3) At the DOS prompt, type:
>
A:dcpdiag3
The Diagnostic Main Menu appears. You are now ready to run the
desired diagnostics.
Diagnostic Programs A-9
NOTE: A loopback connector must be used when running
external loopback tests. Refer to Chapter 3
Alternatively you may copy the diagnostics to your hard drive and load and
run from the hard drive.
1) Boot the system under DOS and insert the Emulex diagnostic diskette
into drive A.
2) Create a subdirectory on the hard disk of your choice then copy the
diagnostics to that sub directory.
3) At the DOS prompt, type
>
dcpdiag3
The Diagnostic Main Menu appears. You are now ready to run the
desired diagnostics.