Operator`s manual | English Leather 240R Brush Cutter User Manual

Operator’s manual (EPA)
240R 245R/RX 250R
252RX 265RX
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you
understand the instructions before using the machine.
English
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols
Switch off the engine by moving the stop
switch to the STOP position before carrying
out any checks or maintenance.
WARNING! Clearing saws, brushcutters and
trimmers can be dangerous! Careless or
incorrect use can result in serious or fatal
injury to the operator or others.
Always wear approved protective gloves.
Please read the operator’s manual carefully
and make sure you understand the
instructions before using the machine.
Regular cleaning is required.
Always wear:
•
A protective helmet where there is a risk
of falling objects
•
Hearing protection
•
Approved eye protection
Visual check.
Approved eye protection must always be
used.
Max. speed of output shaft, rpm
Watch out for thrown objects and
ricochets.
The operator of the machine must ensure,
while working, that no persons or animals
come closer than 15 metres.
15 m
50FT
15 m
50FT
Machines fitted with saw blades or grass
blades can be thrown violently to the side
when the blade comes into contact with a
fixed object. The blade is capable of
amputating an arm or leg. Always keep
people and animals at least 15 metres from
the machine.
Arrows which show limits for handle
positioning.
Always wear approved protective gloves.
Wear sturdy, non-slip boots.
Only use non-metallic, flexible cutting
attachments, i.e. trimmer heads with
trimmer cord.
Other symbols/decals on the machine refer to special
certification requirements for certain markets.
2 – English
CONTENTS
Note the following before starting:
Contents
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols .......................................................................
CONTENTS
Contents ......................................................................
Note the following before starting: ................................
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Personal protective equipment .....................................
Machine′s safety equipment ........................................
Checking, maintaining and servicing the machine′s
safety equipment ..........................................................
Cutting equipment ........................................................
General safety precautions ..........................................
General working instructions .......................................
Basic working techniques ............................................
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what on the clearing saw? (240R, 245R).........
What is what on the clearing saw? (245RX) .................
What is what on the clearing saw? (250R) ...................
What is what on the clearing saw? (252RX) .................
What is what on the clearing saw? (265RX) .................
ASSEMBLY
Assembling the handlebar and throttle (240R, 245R,
250R) ............................................................................
Assembling the handlebar and throttle (245RX, 252RX)
Transport position, handlebar (240R, 245R, 245RX,
250R, 252RX) ...............................................................
Assembling the handlebar and throttle (265RX) ...........
Fitting blades and trimmer heads .................................
Fitting a blade guard, grass blade and grass cutter .....
Fitting the blade guard and saw blade .........................
Fitting the trimmer guard and trimmer head Trimmy SII
Fitting other guards and cutting attachments ...............
Adjusting the harness and clearing saw ......................
Standard harness ........................................................
Triobalance harness .....................................................
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel ..............................................................................
Fuelling ........................................................................
STARTING AND STOPPING
Check before starting ...................................................
Starting and stopping ...................................................
MAINTENANCE
Carburettor ...................................................................
Muffler ..........................................................................
Cooling system ............................................................
Air filter .........................................................................
Bevel gear ....................................................................
Spark plug ....................................................................
Sharpening grass cutters and grass blades .................
Filing the saw blade .....................................................
Maintenance schedule .................................................
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data ..............................................................
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY
STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS .....
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•
Please read the operator’s manual carefully.
•
Long-term exposure to noise can result in permanent
hearing impairment. So always use approved hearing
protection.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control
devices and system may be performed by any nonroad
engine repair establishment or individual.
!
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Your warranty may not cover damage or
liability caused by the use of non-authorized
accessories or replacement parts.
!
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WARNING! Under no circumstances may the
design of the machine be modified without
the permission of the manufacturer. Always
use genuine accessories. Non-authorized
modifications and/or accessories can result
in serious personal injury or the death of the
operator or others.
WARNING! A clearing saw, brushcutter or
trimmer can be dangerous if used
incorrectly or carelessly, and can cause
serious or fatal injury to the operator or
others. It is extremely important that you
read and understand the contents of this
operator’s manual.
Husqvarna AB has a policy of continuous product
development and therefore reserves the right to modify the
design and appearance of products without prior notice.
TWC
This label certify that the product has been certified in
accordance with American exhaust requirements EPA 1.
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For customer assistance call: 704-921-7000 or contact us
at our website: www.husqvarna.com
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English
–3
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Personal protective equipment
IMPORTANT! Whenever you use a clearing saw,
brushcutter or trimmer you must wear personal protective
equipment that is approved by the authorities. Personal
protective equipment does not eliminate the risk of
accidents, but it can reduce the effects of an injury in the
event of an accident. Ask your dealer for help when
choosing protective equipment.
!
WARNING! Listen out for warning signals or
shouts when you are wearing hearing
protection. Always remove your hearing
protection as soon as the engine stops.
HELMET
A helmet should be worn if the trees being cleared are taller
than 2 m.
HEARING PROTECTION
Wear hearing protection that provides adequate noise
reduction.
CLOTHING
Wear clothes made of a strong fabric and avoid loose clothing
that can catch on twigs and branches. Always wear heavy,
long pants. Do not wear jewellery, shorts sandals or go
barefoot. Secure hair so it is above shoulder level.
FIRST AID KIT
Always have a first aid kit nearby.
Machine′s safety equipment
This section describes the machine′s safety equipment, its
purpose, and how checks and maintenance should be carried
out to ensure that it operates correctly. See the ”What is
what?” section to locate where this equipment is positioned
on your machine.
The life span of the machine can be reduced and the risk of
accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not carried
out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not carried out
professionally. If you need further information please contact
your nearest service workshop.
!
EYE PROTECTION
Always wear approved eye protection. If you use a visor then
you must also wear approved protective goggles. Approved
protective goggles must comply with standard ANSI Z87.1 in
the USA or EN 166 in EU countries. Visors must comply with
standard EN 1731.
WARNING! Never use a machine that has
faulty safety equipment! Carry out the
inspection, maintenance and service
routines listed in this section.
Throttle lock
The throttle lock is designed to prevent accidental operation
of the throttle control. When you press the lock (A) (i.e. when
you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle control (B).
When you release the handle the throttle control and the
throttle lock both move back to their original positions. This
movement is controlled by two independent return springs.
This arrangement means that the throttle control is
automatically locked at the idle setting.
GLOVES
Gloves should be worn when necessary, e.g., when fitting
cutting attachments.
Stop switch
Use the stop switch to switch off the engine.
BOOTS
Wear sturdy, non-slip boots.
4 – English
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Cutting attachment guard
Quick release
This guard is intended to prevent loose objects from being
thrown towards the operator. The guard also protects the
operator from accidental contact with the cutting attachment.
There is an easily accessible, quick release fitted at the front
as a safety precaution in case the engine catches fire, or in
any other situation that requires you to free yourself from the
machine and harness. See instructions under the heading
Adjusting the harness and clearing saw.
!
WARNING! Never use a cutting attachment
without an approved guard. See the chapter
on Technical data. If an incorrect or faulty
guard is fitted this can cause serious
personal injury.
Vibration damping system
Muffler
The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum
and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user.
A muffler fitted with a catalytic converter is also designed to
reduce harmful exhaust gases.
Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping system
that is designed to minimise vibration and make operation
easier.
In countries that have a warm and dry climate there is a
significant risk of fire. We therefore fit certain mufflers with a
spark arrestor mesh. Check whether the muffler on your
machine is fitted with this kind of mesh.
Using incorrectly wound cord or a blunt or incorrect cutting
attachment (wrong type or incorrectly filed, see instructions
under the heading Filing the blade) increases the level of
vibration.
The machine′s vibration damping system reduces the transfer
of vibration between the engine unit/cutting equipment and
the machine′s handle unit.
For mufflers it is very important that you follow the instructions
on checking, maintaining and servicing your machine. See
instructions under the heading Checking, maintaining and
servicing the machine’s safety equipment.
!
!
WARNING! Overexposure to vibration can
lead to circulatory damage or nerve damage
in people who have impaired circulation.
Contact your doctor if you experience
symptoms of overexposure to vibration.
Such symptoms include numbness, loss of
feeling, tingling, pricking, pain, loss of
strength, changes in skin colour or
condition. These symptoms normally appear
in the fingers, hands or wrists. The risk
increases at low temperatures.
!
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic
converters get very hot during use and
remain so for some time after stopping. This
also applies at idle speed. Contact can result
in burns to the skin. Remember the risk of
fire!
WARNING! The inside of muffler contain
chemicals that may be carcinogenic. Avoid
contact with these elements in the event of a
damaged muffler.
English
–5
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
!
WARNING! Bear in mind that:
Checking, maintaining and servicing
the machine′s safety equipment
Engine exhaust fumes contain carbon
monoxide, which can cause carbon
monoxide poisoning. For this reason you
should not start or run the machine indoors,
or anywhere that is poorly ventilated.
IMPORTANT!
All servicing and repair work on the machine requires
special training. This is especially true of the machine′s
safety equipment. If your machine fails any of the checks
described below you must contact your service agent.
When you buy any of our products we guarantee the
availability of professional repairs and service. If the retailer
who sells your machine is not a servicing dealer, ask him for
the address of your nearest service agent.
The exhaust fumes from the engine are hot
and may contain sparks which can start a
fire. Never start the machine indoors or near
combustible material!
The life span of the machine can be reduced and the risk of
accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not
carried out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not
carried out professionally. If you need further information
please contact your nearest service workshop.
Cutting equipment
Saw blades are intended for cutting fibrous types of wood.
Throttle lock
•
Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting
when the throttle lock is released.
•
Press the throttle lock and make sure it returns to its
original position when you release it.
•
Check that the throttle control and throttle lock move freely
and that the return springs work properly.
Grass blades and grass cutters are intended for cutting
coarse grass.
A trimmer head is intended for trimming grass.
Locking nut
A locking nut is used to secure some types of cutting
attachment.
The throttle lock is designed to prevent accidental operation
of the throttle control. When you press the lock (A) (i.e. when
you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle control (B).
When you release the handle the throttle control and the
throttle lock both move back to their original positions. This
movement is controlled by two independent return springs.
This arrangement means that the throttle control is
automatically locked at the idle setting.
6 – English
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
•
See instructions under the heading Start. Start the
machine and apply full throttle. Release the throttle and
check that the cutting attachment stops and remains at a
standstill. If the cutting attachment rotates with the throttle
in the idle position then the carburettor idle setting must be
checked. See instructions under the heading
Maintenance.
Vibration damping system
•
Regularly check the vibration damping units for cracks or
deformation.
•
Check that the vibration damping element is undamaged
and securely attached.
Muffler
•
Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler.
Stop switch
•
Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when
you move the stop switch to the stop setting.
Cutting attachment guard
Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to the
machine.
If the muffler on your machine is fitted with a spark arrestor
mesh then it should be cleaned regularly. A blocked mesh
causes the engine to overheat, which can lead to serious
damage.
Never use a muffler with a defective spark arrestor mesh.
•
Ensure that the guard is undamaged and is not cracked.
•
Replace the guard if it has been exposed to impact or is
cracked.
•
Always use the recommended guard for the cutting
attachment you are using. See chapter on Technical data.
English
–7
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Cutting equipment
Locking nut
This section describes how to choose and maintain your
cutting equipment in order to:
•
Reduce the risk of kickback.
•
Obtain maximum cutting performance.
•
Extend the life of cutting equipment.
•
When fitting, tighten the nut in the opposite direction to the
direction of rotation of the cutting attachment. To remove
it, undo the nut in the same direction as the cutting
attachment rotates. (CAUTION! The nut has a left-hand
thread.)
•
Tighten the nut using the socket spanner. 35-50 Nm (3.55 kpm).
General rules
1
Only use cutting attachments with the guards we
recommend! See the chapter on Technical data.
2
Keep the teeth of the blade correctly sharpened! Follow
our instructions and use the recommended file gauge. An
incorrectly sharpened or damaged blade increases the
risk of accidents.
3
Maintain the correct blade setting! Follow our instructions
and use the recommended blade setting tool. An
incorrectly set blade increases the risk of jamming and
kickback.
4
Check the cutting attachment for damage or cracks. A
damaged cutting attachment should always be replaced.
Quick release
Check that the harness straps are correctly positioned. Once
the harness and machine have been adjusted, check that the
harness quick release works correctly.
8 – English
CAUTION! The nylon lining inside the locking nut must not
be so worn that you can turn it by hand. The lining should
offer a resistance of at least 1.5 Nm. The nut should be
replaced after it has been put on approx. 10 times.
!
WARNING! Never use a machine with faulty
safety equipment. The machine’s safety
equipment must be checked and maintained
as described in this section. If your machine
fails any of these checks contact your
service agent to get it repaired.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Cutting equipment
Sharpening grass cutters and grass
blades
IMPORTANT!
This section describes how to choose and maintain your
cutting equipment in order to:
•
See the cutting attachment packaging for correct
sharpening instructions.
Extend the life of cutting equipment.
•
Sharpen blades and cutters using a single-cut flat file.
Only use cutting attachments with the guards we
recommend! See the chapter on Technical data.
•
Sharpen all edges equally to maintain the balance of the
blade.
Reduce the risk of kickback.
Obtain maximum cutting performance.
Refer to the instructions for the cutting attachment to check
the correct way to load the cord and the correct cord
diameter.
Keep the teeth of the blade correctly sharpened! Follow our
recommendations. Also refer to the instructions on the
blade packaging.
Maintain the correct blade setting! Follow our instructions
and use the recommended file gauge.
!
Trimmer head
•
Only use the recommended trimmer heads and trimmer
cords. These have been tested by the manufacturer to suit
a particular engine size. This is especially important when
a fully automatic trimmer head is used. Only use the
recommended cutting attachment. See the chapter on
Technical data.
•
Smaller machines generally require small trimmer heads
and vice versa. This is because when clearing using a
cord the engine must throw out the cord radially from the
trimmer head and overcome the resistance of the grass
being cleared.
•
The length of the cord is also important. A longer cord
requires greater engine power than a shorter cord of the
same diameter.
•
Make sure that the cutter on the trimmer guard is intact.
This is used to cut the cord to the correct length.
•
To increase the life of the cord it can be soaked in water
for a couple of days. This will make the line tougher so that
it lasts longer.
WARNING! Using an incorrect cutting
attachment or an incorrectly sharpened
blade increases the risk of kickback.
Filing the saw blade
•
See the cutting attachment packaging for correct
sharpening instructions. A correctly filed blade is essential
for working efficiently and to avoid unnecessary wear to
the blade and clearing saw.
•
Make sure that the blade is well supported when you file
it. Use a 5.5 mm round file with a file holder.
•
The filing angle is 15°. File alternate teeth to the right and
those in between to the left. If the blade has been heavily
pitted by stones it may be necessary to dress the top
edges of the teeth with a flat file, in exceptional cases. If
so, this should be done before filing with a round file. The
top edges must be filed down by the same amount for all
the teeth.
IMPORTANT!
Always ensure the trimmer cord is wound tightly and evenly
around the drum, otherwise the machine will generate
harmful vibration.
!
Adjust the blade setting. This should be 1 mm.
WARNING! Always stop the engine before
doing any work on the cutting attachment.
This continues to rotate even after the
throttle has been released. Ensure that the
cutting attachment has stopped completely
and disconnect the HT lead from the spark
plug before you start to work on it.
English
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
General safety precautions
Fuel safety
IMPORTANT!
The machine is only designed for trimming grass, grass
clearing and/or forestry clearing.
The only accessories you can operate with this engine unit
are the cutting attachments we recommend in the chapter
on Technical data.
Never use the machine if you are tired, if you have drunk
alcohol, or if you are taking medication that could affect your
vision, your judgement or your co-ordination.
Never use the machine in extreme weather conditions such
as severe cold, very hot and/or humid climates.
•
Always use a fuel container with an anti-spill valve.
•
Never refuel the machine while the engine is running.
Always stop the engine and let it cool for a few minutes
before refuelling.
•
Make sure there is plenty of ventilation when refuelling or
mixing fuel (gasoline and 2-stroke oil).
•
Move the machine at least 3 m from the refuelling point
before starting it.
•
Never start the machine:
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions
under the heading Personal protective equipment.
Never use a machine that has been modified in any way
from its original specification.
Never use a machine that is faulty. Carry out the checks,
maintenance and service instructions described in this
manual. Some maintenance and service measures must be
carried out by trained and qualified specialists. See
instructions under the heading Maintenance.
All covers and guards must be fitted before starting. Make
sure the spark plug cap and HT lead are not damaged.
Otherwise you could get an electric shock.
The machine operator must ensure that no people or
animals come closer than 15 metres while working. When
several operators are working in the same area the safety
distance should be at least twice the tree height and no less
than 15 metres.
!
WARNING! Using an incorrect cutting
attachment or an incorrectly filed blade can
increase the risk of accidents.
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If you have spilt fuel on it. Wipe off the spillage and
allow remaining fuel to evaporate.
-
If you have spilt fuel on yourself or your clothes,
change your clothes. Wash any part of your body that
has come in contact with fuel. Use soap and water.
-
If the machine is leaking fuel. Check regularly for leaks
from the fuel cap and fuel lines.
-
Avoid all skin contact with fuel. Fuel is a skin irritant
and may even cause skin changes.
Transport and storage
Starting
!
•
WARNING! When the engine is started with
the choke in either the choke or start throttle
positions the cutting attachment will start to
rotate immediately.
The complete clutch cover and shaft must be fitted before
the machine is started, otherwise the clutch can come
loose and cause personal injury.
•
Store and transport the machine and fuel so that there is
no risk of any leakage or fumes coming into contact with
sparks or naked flames, for example, from electrical
machinery, electric motors, electrical relays/switches or
boilers.
•
When storing and transporting fuel always use approved
containers intended for this purpose.
•
When storing the machine for long periods the fuel tank
must be emptied. Contact your local gas station to find out
where to dispose of excess fuel.
•
Never start the machine indoors. Exhaust fumes can be
dangerous if inhaled.
•
•
Observe your surroundings and make sure that there is no
risk of people or animals coming into contact with the
cutting equipment.
Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a complete
service is carried out before long-term storage.
•
The transport guard must always be fitted to the cutting
attachment when the machine is being transported or in
storage.
•
Place the machine on the ground, ensure the cutting
attachment is clear of twigs and stones. Hold the body of
the machine on the ground using your left hand
(CAUTION! Not with your foot). Then grip the starter
handle with your right hand and pull the starter cord.
10 – English
!
WARNING! Take care when handling fuel.
Bear in mind the risk of fire, explosion and
inhaling fumes.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
General working instructions
Adjusting the harness and clearing saw
IMPORTANT!
!
This section describes the basic safety precautions for
working with clearing saws and trimmers.
If you encounter a situation where you are uncertain how to
proceed you should ask an expert. Contact your dealer or
your service workshop.
Avoid all usage which you consider to be beyond your
capability.
You must understand the difference between forestry
clearing, grass clearing and grass trimming before use.
Basic safety rules
1
•
•
•
Look around you:
To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot
affect your control of the machine.
To ensure that people, animals, etc., do not come into
contact with the cutting attachment or loose objects that
are thrown out by the cutting attachment.
CAUTION! Do not use the machine unless you are able to
call for help in the event of an accident.
2
Do not use the machine in bad weather, such as dense
fog, heavy rain, strong wind, intense cold, etc. Working in
bad weather is tiring and often brings added risks, such as
icy ground, unpredictable felling direction, etc.
3
Make sure you can move and stand safely. Check the area
around you for possible obstacles (roots, rocks, branches,
ditches, etc.) in case you have to move suddenly. Take
great care when working on sloping ground.
WARNING! When using a clearing saw it
must always be hooked securely to the
harness. Otherwise you will be unable to
control the clearing saw safely and this can
result in injury to yourself or others. Never
use a harness with a defective quick release.
Always use a double harness that
distributes the load across both shoulders.
Safety release
At the front is an easily accessible, quick release. Use this if the
engine catches fire or in any other emergency situation that
requires you to free yourself from the machine and harness.
Certain harnesses also have a quick release fitted to the
support hook.
Basic working techniques
•
Always slow the engine to idle speed after each working
operation. Long periods at full throttle without any load on
the engine can lead to serious engine damage.
Terms
4
5
6
Take great care when cutting a tree that is in tension. A
tree that is in tension may spring back to its normal
position before or after being cut. If you position yourself
incorrectly or make the cut in the wrong place the tree may
hit you or the machine and cause you to lose control. Both
situations can cause serious personal injury.
Switch off the engine before moving to another area. Fit
the transport guard before carrying or transporting the
equipment any distance.
Never put the machine down with the engine running
unless you have it in clear sight.
•
Forestry clearing is a general term for cutting small trees,
during which each stem is cut individually. A saw blade is used.
•
Brush cutting is a general term for clearing grass. Grass
blades and grass cutters are used for this purpose.
•
Grass trimming is a general term for light clearing, e.g.
around edges or around trees. A trimmer head or plastic
blades are used.
!
WARNING! Sometimes branches or grass
get caught between the guard and cutting
attachment. Always stop the engine before
cleaning.
English
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SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
The ABC of clearing
•
Always use the correct equipment.
•
Make sure the equipment is well adjusted.
•
Follow the safety precautions.
•
Organise your work carefully.
•
Always use full throttle when starting to cut with the blade.
•
Always use sharp blades.
•
Avoid stones.
•
Control the felling direction (take advantage of the wind).
!
WARNING! Avoid cutting with the area of the
blade between the 12 o’clock and 3 o’clock
positions. Because of the speed of rotation
of the blade kickback can occur if you
attempt to cut thick stems with this area of
the blade.
Forestry clearing using a saw blade
•
The risk of kickback increases with increasing stem size.
You should therefore avoid cutting with the area of the
blade between 12 o’clock and 3 o’clock.
•
To fell to the left, the bottom of the tree should be pushed
to the right. Tilt the blade and bring it diagonally down to
the right, exerting firm pressure. At the same time push
the stem using the blade guard. Cut with the area of the
blade between 3 o’clock and 5 o’clock. Apply full throttle
before advancing the blade.
•
To fell to the right, the bottom of the tree should be pushed
to the left. Tilt the blade and bring it diagonally up to the
right. Cut with the area of the blade between 3 o’clock and
5 o’clock so that the direction of rotation of the blade
pushes the bottom of the tree to the left.
•
To fell a tree forwards, the bottom of the tree should be
pulled backwards. Pull the blade backwards with a quick,
firm movement.
•
Large stems must be cut from two sides. First determine
which direction the stem will fall. Make the first cut on the
felling side. Then finish cutting the stem from the other
side. Adjust the cutting pressure to match the size of the
stem and the hardness of the wood. Small stems require
more pressure, while large stems require less pressure.
Working methods
•
Before you start clearing, check the clearing area, the
type of terrain, the slope of the ground, whether there are
stones, hollows etc.
•
Start at whichever end of the area is easiest, and clear an
open space from which to work.
•
Work systematically to and fro across the area, clearing a
width of around 4-5 m on each pass. This exploits the full
reach of the machine in both directions and gives the
operator a convenient and varied working area to work in.
•
Clear a strip around 75 m long. Move your fuel can as
work progresses.
•
On sloping ground you should work along the slope. It is
much easier to work along a slope than it is to work up and
down it.
•
You should plan the strip so that you avoid going over
ditches or other obstacles on the ground. You should also
orient the strip to take advantage of wind conditions, so
that cleared stems fall in the cleared area of the stand.
12 – English
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
•
If the stems are tightly packed, adapt your walking pace to
suit.
•
Let the support cup rest lightly against the ground. It is
used to protect the blade from hitting the ground.
•
If the blade jams in a stem, never jerk the machine free. If
you do this the blade, bevel gear, shaft or handlebar may
be damaged. Release the handles, grip the shaft with
both hands and gently pull the machine free.
•
Reduce the risk of material wrapping around the blade by
following these instructions:
1
Always work at full throttle.
2
Avoid the previously cut material during the return
stroke.
Brush cutting with a saw blade
•
•
Stop the engine, unclip the harness and place the
machine on the ground before you start to collect the cut
material.
Thin stems and brush are mown down. Work with a
sawing movement, swinging sideways.
•
Try to cut several stems in a single sawing movement.
•
With groups of hardwood stems, first clear around the
group. Start by cutting the stems high up around the
outside of the group to avoid jamming. Then cut the stems
to the required height. Now try to reach in with the blade
and cut from the centre of the group. If it is still difficult to
gain access, cut the stems high up and let them fall. This
will reduce the risk of jamming.
!
Stop the engine and blade before you
remove material that has wound around the
blade shaft as otherwise there is a risk of
injury. The bevel gear can get hot during use
and may remain so for a while afterwards.
You could get burnt if you touch it.
!
Grass clearing using a grass blade
•
Grass blades and grass cutters must not be used on
woody stems.
•
A grass blade is used for all types of tall or coarse grass.
•
The grass is cut down with a sideways, swinging
movement, where the movement from right-to-left is the
clearing stroke and the movement from left-to-right is the
return stroke. Let the left-hand side of the blade (between
8 and 12 o’clock) do the cutting.
•
If the blade is angled to the left when clearing grass, the
grass will collect in a line, which makes it easier to collect,
e.g. by raking.
•
Try to work rhythmically. Stand firmly with your feet apart.
Move forward after the return stroke and stand firmly
again.
WARNING! Neither the operator of the
machine nor anyone else may attempt to
remove the cut material while the engine is
running or the blade is rotating, as this can
result in serious injury.
WARNING! Watch out for thrown objects.
Always wear eye protection. Never lean over
the cutting attachment guard. Stones,
rubbish, etc. can be thrown up into the eyes
causing blindness or serious injury.
Keep unauthorised persons at a distance.
Children, animals, onlookers and helpers
should be kept outside the safety zone of 15
m. Stop the machine immediately if anyone
approaches. Never swing the machine
around without first checking behind you to
make sure no-one is within the safety zone.
English
– 13
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Grass trimming with a trimmer head
Sweeping
•
The fan effect of the rotating cord can be used for quick
and easy clearing up. Hold the cord parallel to and above
the area to be swept and move the tool to and fro.
•
When cutting and sweeping you should use full throttle to
obtain the best results.
Trimming
•
Hold the trimmer head just above the ground at an angle.
It is the end of the cord that does the work. Let the cord
work at its own pace. Never press the cord into the area
to be cut.
•
The cord can easily remove grass and weeds up against
walls, fences, trees and borders, however it can also
damage sensitive bark on trees and bushes, and damage
fence posts.
•
Reduce the risk of damaging plants by shortening the
cord to 10-12 cm and reducing the engine speed.
!
Stop the engine and blade before you
remove material that has wound around the
blade shaft as otherwise there is a risk of
injury. The bevel gear can get hot during use
and may remain so for a while afterwards.
You could get burnt if you touch it.
Clearing
•
The clearing technique removes all unwanted vegetation.
Keep the trimmer head just above the ground and tilt it. Let
the end of the cord strike the ground around trees, posts,
statues and the like. CAUTION! This technique increases
the wear on the cord.
!
•
The cord wears quicker and must be fed forward more
often when working against stones, brick, concrete, metal
fences, etc., than when coming into contact with trees and
wooden fences.
•
When trimming and clearing you should use less than full
throttle so that the cord lasts longer and to reduce the
wear on the trimmer head.
Cutting
•
The trimmer is ideal for cutting grass that is difficult to
reach using a normal lawn mower. Keep the cord parallel
to the ground when cutting. Avoid pressing the trimmer
head against the ground as this can ruin the lawn and
damage the tool.
•
Do not allow the trimmer head to constantly come into
contact with the ground during normal cutting. Constant
contact of this type can cause damage and wear to the
trimmer head.
14 – English
WARNING! Neither the operator of the
machine nor anyone else may attempt to
remove the cut material while the engine is
running or the blade is rotating, as this can
result in serious injury.
WARNING! Watch out for thrown objects.
Always wear eye protection. Never lean over
the cutting attachment guard. Stones,
rubbish, etc. can be thrown up into the eyes
causing blindness or serious injury.
Keep unauthorised persons at a distance.
Children, animals, onlookers and helpers
should be kept outside the safety zone of 15
m. Stop the machine immediately if anyone
approaches.
WHAT IS WHAT?
8
6
5
3
2
7
9
1
14
15
10
11
13
12
4
28
22
16
18
17
20
30
1
19
19
4
4
21
26
23
25
29
27
24
What is what on the clearing saw? (240R, 245R)
1
Blade
16 Locking screw (support cup)
2
Grease filler cap
17 Support flange
3
Bevel gear
18 Support cup
4
Cutting attachment guard
19 Drive disc
5
Shaft
20 Trimmer head
6
Handlebar
21 Socket spanner
7
Throttle control
22 Operator’s manual (EPA)
8
Stop switch
23 Transport guard
9
Throttle lock
24 Allen key
10 Support eyes for harness
25 Carburettor screwdriver
11 Cylinder cover
26 Locking pin
12 Starter handle
27 Harness
13 Fuel tank
28 Locking nut
14 Choke control
29 Gearbox grease
15 Handle adjustment
30 Air filter
English
– 15
WHAT IS WHAT?
8
2
5
3
7
9
15
14
10
11
13
4
12
20
6
26
16
17
1
18
27
4
21
25
19
22
23
24
What is what on the clearing saw? (245RX)
1
Blade
15 Handle adjustment
2
Grease filler cap
16 Locking nut
3
Bevel gear
17 Support flange
4
Cutting attachment guard
18 Drive disc
5
Shaft
19 Socket spanner
6
Handlebar
20 Operator’s manual (EPA)
7
Throttle control
21 Transport guard
8
Stop switch
22 Allen key
9
Throttle lock
23 Carburettor screwdriver
10 Support eyes for harness
24 Locking pin
11 Cylinder cover
25 Harness
12 Starter handle
26 Air filter
13 Fuel tank
27 Gearbox grease
14 Choke control
16 – English
WHAT IS WHAT?
8
3
1
9
7
22
6
2
16
10
11
12
29
17
4
5
19
15
18
14
13
1
28
20
4
21
25
26
24
23
27
What is what on the clearing saw? (250R)
1
Blade
16 Handle adjustment
2
Grease filler cap
17 Locking screw (support cup)
3
Bevel gear
18 Support flange
4
Cutting attachment guard
19 Support cup
5
Shaft
20 Drive disc
6
Handlebar
21 Socket spanner
7
Throttle control
22 Operator’s manual (EPA)
8
Stop switch
23 Transport guard
9
Throttle lock
24 Allen key
10 Support eyes for harness
25 Carburettor screwdriver
11 Cylinder cover
26 Locking pin
12 Starter handle
27 Harness
13 Choke control
28 Gearbox grease
14 Air filter
29 Locking nut
15 Fuel tank
English
– 17
WHAT IS WHAT?
8
3
1
7
5
9
21
16
2
11
10
12
4
17
6
15
18
14
13
1
27
19
4
20
24
26
22
25
23
What is what on the clearing saw? (252RX)
1
Blade
15 Fuel tank
2
Grease filler cap
16 Handle adjustment
3
Bevel gear
17 Locking nut
4
Cutting attachment guard
18 Support flange
5
Shaft
19 Drive disc
6
Handlebar
20 Socket spanner
7
Throttle control
21 Operator’s manual (EPA)
8
Stop switch
22 Transport guard
9
Throttle lock
23 Allen key
10 Support eyes for harness
24 Carburettor screwdriver
11 Cylinder cover
25 Locking pin
12 Starter handle
26 Harness
13 Choke control
27 Gearbox grease
14 Air filter
18 – English
WHAT IS WHAT?
8
15
9
1
3
7
5
10
14
11
13
12
16
4
2
6
17
18
1
22
19
4
21
20
26
24
27
25
23
What is what on the clearing saw? (265RX)
1
Blade
15 Air filter
2
Grease filler cap
16 Handle adjustment
3
Bevel gear
17 Locking nut
4
Cutting attachment guard
18 Support flange
5
Shaft
19 Drive disc
6
Handlebar
20 Socket spanner
7
Throttle control
21 Operator’s manual (EPA)
8
Stop switch
22 Transport guard
9
Throttle lock
23 Allen key
10 Support eyes for harness
24 Carburettor screwdriver
11 Cylinder cover
25 Locking pin
12 Starter handle
26 Harness
13 Fuel tank
27 Gearbox grease
14 Choke control
English
– 19
ASSEMBLY
Assembling the handlebar and
throttle
Assembling the handlebar and
throttle
(240R, 245R, 250R)
(245RX, 252RX)
•
Remove the screw at the rear of the throttle handle.
•
Unscrew the knob from the handlebar mounting.
•
Slide the throttle handle onto the right side of the
handlebar, (see diagram).
•
Position the handlebar as shown. Fit the mounting
components and tighten the knob lightly.
•
Fit the right handle to the handlebar using the screw,
washer, sleeve and nut as shown. Tighten.
•
Put on the harness and hang the machine from the
support hook. Now make a final adjustment so that the
machine is in a comfortable working position when it
hangs from the harness.
•
Align the screw hole in the throttle handle with the hole in
the handlebar.
•
Refit the screw in the hole in the rear of the throttle handle.
•
Screw the screw through the handle and handlebar.
Tighten it.
•
Unscrew the knob from the handlebar mounting.
•
Position the handlebar as shown. Fit the mounting
components and tighten the knob lightly.
Tighten the knob.
Transport position, handlebar
•
•
Put on the harness and hang the machine from the
support hook. Now make a final adjustment so that the
machine is in a comfortable working position when it
hangs from the harness.
(240R, 245R, 245RX, 250R, 252RX)
•
The handlebar can easily be turned to fit along the shaft
for easier transportation and storage.
•
Loosen the knob. Turn the handlebar clockwise so that the
throttle handle rests against the engine.
•
Now twist the handlebar around the shaft. Tighten the
knob.
•
Fit the transport guard to the cutting attachment.
Tighten the knob.
20 – English
ASSEMBLY
Assembling the handlebar and
throttle
(265RX)
•
Fit the left handlebar in the handlebar mounting.
•
Fit the right handle to the handlebar.
•
Adjust roughly and tighten the screws slightly.
Fitting blades and trimmer heads
When fitting the cutting attachment it is extremely important
that the raised section on the drive disc/support flange
engages correctly in the centre hole of the cutting attachment.
If the cutting attachment is fitted incorrectly it can result in
serious and/or fatal personal injury.
!
WARNING! Never use a cutting attachment
without an approved guard. See the chapter
on Technical data. If an incorrect or faulty
guard is fitted this can cause serious
personal injury.
IMPORTANT! If a saw blade or grass blade are to be used
the machine must be equipped with the correct handlebar,
blade guard and harness.
•
Now make a final adjustment, with the machine hanging
from the harness, to obtain the most comfortable working
position. Tighten the screws.
•
Make the final adjustment to the right handle and lock it in
the most comfortable position.
Adjusting the throttle trigger
The throttle trigger can be adjusted to give the best working
position. This is done using the Allen screws by the right
handle.
English
– 21
ASSEMBLY
Fitting a blade guard, grass blade
and grass cutter
Fitting the blade guard and saw
blade
•
•
The blade guard (A) is fitted using 4 screws (L) and the
support plate (M) as shown.
CAUTION!
CAUTION! Always use the recommended guard for the
cutting attachment you are using. See chapter on
Technical data.
•
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.
•
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive disc
aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear housing.
•
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.
•
Place the blade (D) on the output shaft.
The blade guard (A) is fitted using 4 screws (L) as shown.
Always use the recommended guard for the cutting
attachment you are using. See chapter on Technical data.
L
A
N
F
E
•
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.
•
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive disc
aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear housing.
•
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.
•
Place the blade (D) and support flange (F) on the output
shaft.
•
Fit the nut (G). The nut must be tightened to a torque of
35-50 Nm (3.5-5 kpm). Use the socket spanner in the tool
kit. Hold the shaft of the spanner as close to the blade
guard as possible.
D
M
B
C
L
A
•
Fit the support flange (F) on the output shaft. Make sure
that the blade is centered by fitting it to the guide on the
support flange.
•
Screw the support cup (E) onto the output shaft threads
(CAUTION! Left-hand thread). Tighten to a torque of 3550 Nm (3.5-5.0 kpm). Use the socket spanner in the tool
kit. Note that the locking pin (C) must remain inside the
gear housing to lock the drive disk. Hold the shaft of the
socket spanner as close to the blade guard/combination
guard as possible.
To tighten the nut, turn the spanner in the opposite
direction to the direction of rotation (Caution! left-hand
thread).
G
F
D
B
C
!
WARNING! Tighten the lock screw (N) in the
center hole of the support cup. Tighten to a
torque of 35-50 Nm (3.5-5.0 kpm), CAUTION!
Left-hand thread. If the lock screw is not
fitted in the support cup, there is a risk that
the support cup will come unscrewed. This
means that the blade will also come loose,
which could result in serious or fatal injury
to the operator or others.
22 – English
When loosening and tightening the saw blade nut, there is a
risk of injury from the teeth of the saw blade. You should
therefore always ensure that your hand is shielded by the
blade guard when doing this. Always use a socket spanner
with a shaft that is long enough to allow this. The arrow in the
diagram shows the area where you should operate the socket
spanner when loosening or tightening the nut.
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the trimmer guard and
trimmer head Trimmy SII
•
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.
A
M
•
Fit the correct trimmer guard (A) for use with the trimmer
head. Secure the trimmer guard using the 4 screws (L)
and the support plate (M) as shown.
•
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.
•
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive disc
aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear housing.
•
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.
A
L
B
B
C
CAUTION! If the machine is to be used with a trimmer
head, the fast idle speed must be reduced by 400-500 rpm.
See instructions under the heading Carburettor.
•
L
Screw on the trimmer head/plastic blades (H) in the
opposite direction to the direction of rotation.
H
H
•
To dismantle, follow the instructions in the reverse order.
Adjusting the harness and clearing saw
C
M
•
Screw on the trimmer head (H) in the opposite direction to
the direction of rotation.
•
Tighten the trimmer head to a torque of 35-50 Nm (3.5-5
kpm).
H
!
WARNING! When using a clearing saw it
must always be hooked securely to the
harness. Otherwise you will be unable to
control the clearing saw safely and this can
result in injury to yourself or others. Never
use a harness with a defective quick release.
Standard harness
Safety release
•
To dismantle, follow the instructions in the reverse order.
At the front is an easily accessible, quick release. Use this if
the engine catches fire or in any other emergency situation
that requires you to free yourself from the machine and
harness.
Fitting other guards and cutting
attachments
Fit the trimmer guard/combination guard (A) intended for use
with the trimmer head/plastic blades. Secure the trimmer
guard using the 4 screws (L) and the support plate (M) as
shown.
•
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.
•
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive disc
aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear housing.
Spreading the load on your shoulders
A well-adjusted harness and machine makes work much
easier. Adjust the harness for the best working position.
Tension the side straps so that the weight is evenly distributed
across both shoulders.
English
– 23
ASSEMBLY
Correct height
1
3
Adjust the shoulder strap to distribute the load evenly
across your shoulders. Press downwards on the
suspension hook to load the harness.
4
Adjust the height of the suspension hook as described in
the instructions for the standard harness. (Forestry
clearing)
Grass clearing
5
The machine should be supported in a harness when
grass clearing so that the cutting equipment is parallel to
the ground.
If you need to lower the suspension hook, for trimming for
example, move the suspension strap (A) to the lower
mounting point on the backplate.
6
The elastic strap (B) can be tightened to transfer more
load from the shoulder straps to the hip strap.
Forestry clearing
The machine should be supported in a harness when
forestry clearing so that the cutting equipment is angled
slightly forwards in relation to the ground. Adjust the
height using the strap on the harness for the support
hook.
2
Triobalance harness
Safety release
Correct balance
1
Push down the red release lever to release the machine from
the harness.
Forestry clearing
The machine is balanced by moving the support ring on
the machine forwards or backwards. On some models the
support ring is fixed, however, this will then have a number
of holes for the support hook. The machine is correctly
balanced when it freely hangs horizontally from the
support hook. In this way the risk of hitting stones is
reduced if you need to release the handlebar.
Adjusting the harness
1
Tighten the hip strap so that it sits securely.
2
2
Tighten the chest strap under your left arm so that it fits
closely around your body.
24 – English
Grass clearing
Let the blade balance at a comfortable cutting height, i.e.
close to the ground.
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel
Mixing
CAUTION! The machine is equipped with a two-stroke engine
and must always been run using a mixture of gasoline and
two-stroke engine oil. It is important to accurately measure
the amount of oil to be mixed to ensure that the correct
mixture is obtained. When mixing small amounts of fuel, even
small inaccuracies can drastically affect the ratio of the
mixture.
•
Always mix the gasoline and oil in a clean container
intended for fuel.
•
Always start by filling half the amount of the gasoline to be
used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix (shake) the
fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of gasoline.
•
Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling the
machine’s fuel tank.
•
Do not mix more than one month’s supply of fuel at a time.
•
If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank
should be emptied and cleaned.
•
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded
gasoline.
!
WARNING! Always ensure there is adequate
ventilation when handling fuel.
Gasoline
CAUTION! Always use high grade unleaded oil mixed
gasoline (minimum 87 RON). If your machine is equipped with
a catalytic converter (see chapter on Technical data) always
use a good quality unleaded petrol/oil mixture. Leaded petrol
will destroy the catalytic converter and it will no longer serve
its purpose.
Use low-emission gasoline, also known as alkylate gasoline,
if it is available.
!
•
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded
gasoline.
•
The lowest recommended octane rating is 87. If you run
the engine on lower octane rating than 87 so-called
“knocking“ can occur. This leads to an increased engine
temperature, which can result in a serious engine
breakdown.
•
Fuelling
!
When working at continuous high revs a higher octane
rating is recommended.
Always shut off the engine before refuelling.
Always stop the engine and let it cool for a
few minutes before refuelling.
For best results and performance use HUSQVARNA twostroke oil, which is specially formulated for our two-stroke
engines. Mixture 1:50 (2%).
•
Never use two-stroke oil intended for water-cooled
outboard engines, sometimes referred to as outboard oil.
•
Never use oil intended for four-stroke engines.
Gasoline, litre
WARNING! Taking the following precautions,
will lessen the risk of fire:
Do not smoke or place hot objects near fuel.
Two-stroke oil
•
WARNING! The catalytic converter muffler
gets very hot during and after use. This also
applies during idling. Be aware of the fire
hazard, especially when working near
flammable substances and/or vapours.
When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly so
that any excess pressure is released gently.
Tighten the fuel cap carefully after refuelling.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting.
Two-stroke oil, litre
2% (1:50)
5
0,10
10
0,20
15
0,30
20
0,40
US gallon
US fl. oz.
1
2 1/2
2 1/2
6 1/2
5
12 7/8
•
Clean the area around the fuel cap. Contamination in the
tank can cause operating problems.
•
Ensure that the fuel is well mixed by shaking the container
before filling the tank.
English
– 25
STARTING AND STOPPING
Check before starting
•
Check the blade to ensure that no cracks have formed at
the bottom of the teeth or by the centre hole. The most
common reason why cracks are formed is that sharp
corners have been formed at the bottom of the teeth while
sharpening or that the blade has been used with dull
teeth. Discard a blade if cracks are found.
Starting and stopping
!
WARNING! The complete clutch cover and
shaft must be fitted before the machine is
started, otherwise the clutch can come loose
and cause personal injury.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting. Place the
machine on a flat surface. Ensure the cutting
attachment cannot come into contact with
any object.
•
Make sure no unauthorised persons are in
the working area, otherwise there is a risk of
serious personal injury. The safety distance
is 15 metres.
Check that the support flange is not cracked due to fatigue
or due to being tightened too much. Discard the support
flange if it is cracked.
Cold engine
Ignition:
Set the stop switch to the start position.
Choke:
•
Ensure the locking nut has not lost its captive force. The
nut lock should have a locking force of at least 1.5 Nm.
The tightening torque of the locking nut should be 35-50
Nm.
•
Check that the blade guard is not damaged or cracked.
Replace the blade guard if it is exposed to impact or is
cracked.
Set the choke control in the choke position.
Warm engine
Use the same starting procedure as for a cold engine but
without setting the choke control in the choke position.
Set the throttle to the start position by moving the choke
control to the choke position and then returning it to its original
position.
•
Check that the trimmer head and trimmer guard are not
damaged or cracked. Replace the trimmer head or
trimmer guard if they have been exposed to impact or are
cracked.
•
Never use the machine without a guard nor with a
defective guard.
26 – English
STARTING AND STOPPING
Stopping
Stop the engine by switching off the ignition.
!
WARNING! When the engine is started with
the choke in either the choke or start throttle
positions the cutting attachment will start to
rotate immediately.
Starting
Hold the body of the machine on the ground using your left
hand (CAUTION! Not with your foot!). Grip the starter handle,
slowly pull out the cord with your right hand until you feel
some resistance (the starter pawls grip), now quickly and
powerfully pull the cord. Reset the choke control as soon as
the engine fires and repeat until the engine starts. When the
engine starts, quickly apply full throttle; the throttle will
automatically disengage from the start setting. Never wrap
the starter cord around your hand
CAUTION! Do not pull the starter cord all the way out and do
not let go of the starter handle when the cord is fully extended.
This can damage the machine.
English
– 27
MAINTENANCE
Carburettor
Your Husqvarna product has been designed and
manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful
emissions. After the engine has used 8-10 tanks of fuel the
engine will be run-in. To ensure that it continues to run at peak
performance and to minimise harmful exhaust emissions
after the running-in period, ask your dealer/service workshop
(who will have a rev counter at their disposal) to adjust your
carburettor.
!
WARNING! The complete clutch cover and
shaft must be fitted before the machine is
started, otherwise the clutch can come loose
and cause personal injury.
Function
•
The carburettor governs the engine’s speed via the
throttle control. Air and fuel are mixed in the carburettor.
The air/fuel mixture is adjustable. Correct adjustment is
essential to get the best performance from the machine.
•
The setting of the carburetor means that the engine is
adepted to local conditions, for example, the climate,
altitude, fuel and the type of 2-stroke oil.
•
The carburettor has three adjustment controls:
L = Low speed jet
H = High speed jet
CAUTION! If the cutting attachment rotates when the engine
is idling the idle adjustment screw T should be turned anticlockwise until the cutting attachment stops.
240R, 245R/RX, 250R, 252RX: Rec. idle speed 2700 rpm
265RX: Rec. idle speed 2250 rpm
!
WARNING! If the idle speed cannot be
adjusted so that the cutting attachment
stops, contact your dealer/service
workshop. Do not use the machine until it
has been correctly adjusted or repaired.
CAUTION! The machine should only be run for short periods
at its highest speed. For optimum adjustment of the
carburettor, contact a qualified dealer/service workshop that
has a revolution counter at their disposal.
Recommended max. speed: See the Technical data section.
During the running-in period (8-10 tanks of fuel) the maximum
speed should be set 600-700 rpm below the recommended
maximum speed (= open the high speed jet H a further 1/8
turn).
Conditions
•
Before any adjustments are made, make sure that the air
filter is clean and the air filter cover is fitted. If you adjust
the carburettor when the air filter is dirty it will result in a
leaner mixture when the filter is finally cleaned. This can
lead to serious engine damage.
•
Carefully turn both jets, L and H, so that they are midway
between fully screwed in and fully screwed out.
•
Do not attempt to adjust the L and H jets beyond either
stop as this could cause damage.
•
Now start the machine according to the starting
instructions and let it warm up for 10 minutes.
T = Idle adjustment screw
CAUTION! If the cutting attachment rotates when the
engine is idling the idle adjustment screw T should be
turned anti-clockwise until the cutting attachment stops.
Low speed jet L
•
•
The L and H-jets are used to adjust the supply of fuel to
match the rate that air is admitted, which is controlled with
the throttle. If they are screwed clockwise the air/fuel ratio
becomes leaner (less fuel) and if they are turned anticlockwise the ratio becomes richer (more fuel). A lean
mixture gives a higher engine speed and a rich mixture
gives a lower engine speed.
The T-screw regulates the throttle setting at idle speed. If
the T-screw is turned clockwise this gives a higher idle
speed; turning it anti-clockwise gives a lower idle speed.
Basic setting
•
The basic carburettor settings are adjusted during testing
at the factory. The basic setting is richer than the optimal
setting and should be maintained for the first few hours the
machine is in use. The carburettor should then be finely
adjusted. Fine adjustment should be carried out by a
skilled technician.
The basic setting can vary between: H = 1 - 1 1/4 turns
and L = 1 - 1 1/4 turns.
28 – English
Try to find the highest idling speed, turning the low speed
needle L clockwise respectively counter-clockwise. When the
highest speed has been found, turn the low speed needle L 1/
4 turn counter-clockwise.
+ 1/4
L
Fine adjustment of the idle speed T
Adjust the idle speed using the idle adjustment screw T, if it is
necessary to readjust. First turn the idle adjustment screw T
clockwise until the cutting attachment starts to rotate. Then
turn the screw anticlockwise until the cutting attachment
stops. The idle speed is correctly adjusted when the engine
will run smoothly in every position. The idle speed should also
be well below the speed at which the cutting attachment starts
to rotate.
MAINTENANCE
!
WARNING! If the idle speed cannot be
adjusted so that the cutting attachment
stops, contact your dealer/service
workshop. Do not use the machine until it
has been correctly adjusted or repaired.
High speed jet H
The high speed jet H affects the engine power, speed,
temperature and fuel consumption. If the high speed jet H is
set too lean (screwed in too far) the engine speed will be too
high and cause engine damage. Do not let the engine run at
full speed for more than 10 seconds.
your machine has this type of muffler, you should clean the
mesh at least once a week. This is best done with a wire
brush. On mufflers without a catalytic converter the mesh
should be cleaned weekly, or replaced if necessary. On
mufflers fitted with a catalytic converter the mesh should be
checked, and if necessary cleaned, monthly. If the mesh is
damaged it should be replaced.
If the mesh is frequently blocked, this can be a sign that the
performance of the catalytic converter is impaired. Contact
your dealer to inspect the muffler. A blocked mesh will cause
the machine to overheat and result in damage to the cylinder
and piston.
240R/245R/245RX
250R/252RX
Apply full throttle and turn the high speed jet H very slowly
clockwise until the engine slows down. Then turn the high
speed jet H very slowly anticlockwise until the engine starts to
run unevenly. Now turn the high speed jet H slowly clockwise
a little way until the engine runs smoothly.
265RX
H
Note that the engine should not be under load when you
adjust the high speed jet H. You should therefore remove the
cutting attachment, nut, support flange and drive disc before
adjusting the high speed jet H.
CAUTION! Never use a machine with a defective muffler.
!
The high speed jet H is adjusted correctly when the machine
burbles a little. If the machine races then the setting is too
lean. If the engine produces a lot of smoke and burbles a lot
then the setting is too rich.
CAUTION! For optimum adjustment of the carburettor,
contact a qualified dealer/service workshop that has a
revolution counter at their disposal.
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic
converters get very hot during use and
remain so for some time after stopping. This
also applies at idle speed. Contact can result
in burns to the skin. Remember the risk of
fire!
Cooling system
Correctly adjusted carburettor
When the carburettor is correctly adjusted the machine will
accelerate without hesitation and burble a little at maximum
speed. It is also important that the cutting attachment does
not rotate at idle. If the low speed jet L is set too lean it may
cause starting difficulties and poor acceleration. If the high
speed jet H is set too lean it will result in less power, less
performance, poor acceleration and/or damage to the engine.
If both the L and H jets are set too rich it will results in
acceleration problems or too low a working speed.
To keep the working temperature as low as possible the
machine is equipped with a cooling system.
Muffler
The cooling system consists of:
1
Air intake on the starter.
CAUTION! Some mufflers are fitted with a catalytic converter.
See chapter on Technical data to see whether your machine
is fitted with a catalytic converter.
2
Fins on the flywheel.
3
Cooling fins on the cylinder.
The muffler is designed to reduce the noise level and to direct
the exhaust gases away from the operator. The exhaust
gases are hot and can contain sparks, which may cause fire
if directed against dry and combustible material. Some
mufflers are equipped with a special spark arrestor mesh. If
4
Cylinder cover (directs cold air over the cylinder).
Clean the cooling system with a brush once a week, more
often in demanding conditions. A dirty or blocked cooling
system results in the machine overheating which causes
damage to the piston and cylinder.
English
– 29
MAINTENANCE
Air filter
Oiling the air filter
The air filter must be regularly cleaned to remove dust and dirt
in order to avoid:
Always use HUSQVARNA filter oil, art. no. 531 00 92-48. The
filter oil contains a solvent to make it spread evenly through
the filter. You should therefore avoid skin contact.
•
Carburettor malfunctions
•
Starting problems
•
Loss of engine power
•
Unnecessary wear to engine parts
•
Excessive fuel consumption.
Put the filter in a plastic bag and pour the filter oil over it.
Knead the plastic bag to distribute the oil. Squeeze the
excess oil out of the filter inside the plastic bag and pour off
the excess before fitting the filter to the machine. Never use
common engine oil. This would drain through the filter quite
quickly and collect in the bottom.
Clean the filter every 25 hours, or more regularly if conditions
are exceptionally dusty.
Cleaning the air filter
240R, 245R/RX
Remove the air filter cover and take out the filter. Wash it
clean in warm, soapy water. Ensure that the filter is dry before
refitting it.
If the machine is used in dusty conditions the air filter should
be soaked in oil. See instructions under the heading Oiling the
air filter.
An air filter that has been in use for a long time cannot be
cleaned completely. The filter must therefore be replaced with
a new one at regular intervals. A damaged air filter must
always be replaced.
Bevel gear
The bevel gear is filled with the right quantity of grease at the
factory. However, before using the machine you should check
that the bevel gear is filled three-quarters full with grease. Use
HUSQVARNA special grease.
The grease in the bevel gear does not normally need to be
changed except if repairs are carried out.
250R, 252RX
Remove the air filter cover and remove both filters, A and B.
A is an air filter and B is a pre-filter. Both must be washed in
warm soapy water and dried. Filter A must then be soaked in
oil, see instructions under the heading Oiling the air filter.
A
B
265RX
Remove the air filter cover and take out the filter. Wash it
clean in warm, soapy water.
Ensure that the filter is dry before refitting it.
30 – English
MAINTENANCE
Spark plug
Filing the saw blade
The spark plug condition is influenced by:
•
Incorrect carburettor adjustment.
•
An incorrect fuel mixture (too much or incorrect type of
oil).
•
A dirty air filter.
These factors cause deposits on the spark plug electrodes,
which may result in operating problems and starting
difficulties.
!
WARNING! Using an incorrect cutting
attachment or an incorrectly sharpened
blade increases the risk of kickback.
•
See the cutting attachment packaging for correct
sharpening instructions. A correctly filed blade is essential
for working efficiently and to avoid unnecessary wear to
the blade and clearing saw.
•
Make sure that the blade is well supported when you file
it. Use a 5.5 mm round file with a file holder.
•
The filing angle is 15°. File alternate teeth to the right and
those in between to the left. If the blade has been heavily
pitted by stones it may be necessary to dress the top
edges of the teeth with a flat file, in exceptional cases. If
so, this should be done before filing with a round file. The
top edges must be filed down by the same amount for all
the teeth.
•
Adjust the blade setting. This should be 1 mm.
If the machine is low on power, difficult to start or runs poorly
at idle speed: always check the spark plug first before taking
any further action. If the spark plug is dirty, clean it and check
that the electrode gap is 0.5 mm (0,020"). The spark plug
should be replaced after about a month in operation or earlier
if necessary.
CAUTION! Always use the recommended spark plug type!
Use of the wrong spark plug can damage the piston/cylinder.
Sharpening grass cutters and grass
blades
!
WARNING! Always stop the engine before
doing any work on the cutting attachment.
This continues to rotate even after the
throttle has been released. Ensure that the
cutting attachment has stopped completely
and disconnect the HT lead from the spark
plug before you start to work on it.
•
See the cutting attachment packaging for correct
sharpening instructions.
•
Sharpen blades and cutters using a single-cut flat file.
•
Sharpen all edges equally to maintain the balance of the
blade.
!
WARNING! Always discard a blade that is
bent, twisted, cracked, broken or damaged
in any other way. Never attempt to straighten
a twisted blade so that it can be reused. Only
use original blades of the specified type.
English
– 31
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance schedule
Monthly maintenance
Below you will find some general maintenance instructions. If
you need further information please contact your service
workshop.
•
Clean the fuel tank.
•
Clean the outside of the carburettor and the space around
it.
Daily maintenance
•
Clean the fan and the area around it.
•
Check fuel hose for cracks or other damage. Change if
necessary.
•
Change the fuel filter in fuel tank.
•
Check the clutch, clutch springs and the clutch drum for
wear. Replace if necessary.
•
Check electrical wires and connections.
•
Change the spark plug.
•
Change the air filter.
•
Check and clean the spark arrestor mesh on the muffler
(only applies to mufflers fitted with a catalytic converter).
•
Check throttle trigger and throttle trigger lockout function.
•
Check that the cutting attachment does not rotate at idle.
•
Clean the outside of the machine.
•
Check that the harness is not damaged.
•
Check that the blade guard is not damaged or cracked.
Replace the blade guard if it is exposed to impact or is
cracked.
•
Check that the blade is properly centered, sharp and
without cracks.
•
Check that the trimmer head is undamaged and not
cracked. Replace the trimmer head if necessary.
•
Check that the blade nut is sufficiently tightened.
•
Check that the locking nut is tight. Check that the locking
screw is tightened when using a support cup with
bearings.
•
Check that the transport guard for the blade is intact and
that it can be secured correctly.
•
Check that nuts and screws are tight.
•
Check that there are no fuel leaks from the engine, tank or
fuel lines.
Weekly maintenance
•
Check the starter, the starter cord and the recoil spring.
•
Clean the carburettor area.
•
Clean the outside of the spark plug. Remove it and check
the electrode gap. Adjust the gap to 0.5 mm (.20”), or
replace the spark plug. Check that the spark plug is fitted
with a suppressor.
•
Clean the cooling fins on the cylinder and check that the
air intake near the starter is not blocked.
•
Check that the bevel gear is filled with grease up to 3/4.
Use special grease.
•
Clean the air filter.
•
Clean or replace the spark arrestor mesh on the muffler
(only applies to mufflers without a catalytic converter).
32 – English
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data
Technical data
240R
245R
245RX
2,45/40,2
2,70/44,3
2,70/44,3
Engine
Cylinder volume, cu.in/cm3
Cylinder bore, inch/mm
1,57/40
1,65/42
1,65/42
Stroke, inch/mm
1,26/32
1,26/32
1,26/32
Idle speed, rpm
2700
2700
2700
Recommended max. speed, rpm
12500
12500
12500
Speed of output shaft, rpm
9190
9190
9190
Max. engine output, acc. to ISO 8893
1,8/9000
2,0/9000
2,0/9000
Catalytic converter muffler
No
No
No
Ignition system
Manufacturer/type of ignition system
EM/ET
EM/ET
EM/ET
Spark plug
NGK BPMR 7A
Champion RCJ 7Y
NGK BPMR 7A
Champion RCJ 7Y
NGK BPMR 7A
Champion RCJ 7Y
Electrode gap, inch/mm
0,02/0,5
0,02/0,5
0,02/0,5
Manufacturer/type of carburettor
Walbro WT
Walbro WT
Walbro WT
Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre
1,70/0,8
1,70/0,8
1,70/0,8
Weight without fuel, cutting attachment and guard, Lbs/kg 19,0/8,6
19,0/8,6
18,5/8,4
100/104
100/104
100/104
At idle, left/right handles, min.:
2,1/2,1
2,3/2,7
2,3/2,7
At idle, left/right handles, max.:
2,4/2,8
3,2/3,5
3,2/3,5
At max. speed, left/right handles, min.:
2,9/2,4
3,3/3,5
3,3/3,5
At max. speed, left/right handles, max.:
4,0/3,5
4,8/5,4
4,8/5,4
Fuel and lubrication system
Weight
Sound levels
(see note 1)
Equivalent sound pressure level at the user′s ear,
measured according to ANSI B175.3-1997, dB(A), min/
max:
Vibration levels
Vibration levels at handles, measured according to ANSI
B175.3-1997, m/s2
Note 1: Equivalent noise pressure level is calculated as the time-weighted energy total for noise pressure levels under various
working conditions with the following time distribution: 1/2 idle and 1/2 max. speed.
NOTE! Noise pressure at the user’s ear and vibration on the handles are measured with all the machine’s approved cutting
equipment fitted. The table indicates the highest and lowest values.
English
– 33
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data
250R
252RX
265RX
2,45/40,2
2,70/44,3
2,70/44,3
Engine
Cylinder volume, cu.in/cm3
Cylinder bore, inch/mm
1,73/44
1,77/45
3,97/65,1
Stroke, inch/mm
1,26/32
1,26/32
1,26/32
Idle speed, rpm
2700
2700
2250
Recommended max. speed, rpm
12500
14000
11500
Speed of output shaft, rpm
9190
10300
9120
Max. engine output, acc. to ISO 8893
2,1/9000
2,4/9000
3,0/8400
Catalytic converter muffler
No
No
No
Ignition system
Manufacturer/type of ignition system
EM/ET
EM/ET
SEM GA 6CD
Spark plug
NGK BPMR 7A
Champion RCJ 7Y
NGK BPMR 7A
Champion RCJ 7Y
NGK BPMR 7A
Champion RCJ 7Y
Electrode gap, inch/mm
0,02/0,5
0,02/0,5
0,02/0,5
Fuel and lubrication system
Manufacturer/type of carburettor
Walbro HDA
Walbro HDA
Tillotson HS
Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre
1,70/0,8
1,70/0,8
2,11/1,0
Weight without fuel, cutting attachment and guard, Lbs/kg 20,3/9,2
19,6/8,9
23,8/10,8
97/104
96/103
98/100
At idle, left/right handles, min.:
2,7/3,2
2,8/2,8
4,5/4,0
At idle, left/right handles, max.:
3,5/6,0
4,5/3,9
5,1/4,6
At max. speed, left/right handles, min.:
1,0/1,0
1,2/1,4
3,0/3,9
At max. speed, left/right handles, max.:
2,1/2,0
1,6/1,7
3,9/5,1
Weight
Sound levels
(see note 1)
Equivalent sound pressure level at the user′s ear,
measured according to ANSI B175.3-1997, dB(A), min/
max:
Vibration levels
Vibration levels at handles, measured according to ANSI
B175.3-1997, m/s2
Note 1: Equivalent noise pressure level is calculated as the time-weighted energy total for noise pressure levels under various
working conditions with the following time distribution: 1/2 idle and 1/2 max. speed.
NOTE! Noise pressure at the user’s ear and vibration on the handles are measured with all the machine’s approved cutting
equipment fitted. The table indicates the highest and lowest values.
English
– 34
TECHNICAL DATA
Approved accessories 240R, 245R/RX
Centre hole in blades/cutters, Ø 20 mm
Grass blade/grass cutter
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
Output shaft thread M12
Multi 255-3 (Ø 255 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Multi 275-4 (Ø 275 4 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Multi 300-3 (Ø 300 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Saw blade
Maxi XS 200-22 (Ø 200 22 teeth)
502 27 22-01
Plastic blades
Tricut Ø 300 mm
503 91 60-01 / 502 26 34-01
Trimmy S
503 91 60-01
Trimmy S II
503 91 60-01
Trimmer head
Support cup
Approved accessories 250R
Centre hole in blades/cutters, Ø 20 mm
Grass blade/grass cutter
Saw blade
Plastic blades
Trimmer head
Auto 55
503 91 60-01
Fixed
-
With ball bearing
-
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
Output shaft thread M12
Multi 255-3 (Ø 255 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Multi 275-4 (Ø 275 4 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Multi 300-3 (Ø 300 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Maxi XS 200-22 (Ø 200 22 teeth)
502 27 22-01
Maxi XS 225-22 (Ø 225 22 teeth)
502 03 94-03
Tricut Ø 300 mm
503 91 60-01 / 502 26 34-01
Trimmy S
503 91 60-01
Trimmy S II
503 91 60-01
Auto 55
503 91 60-01
Support cup
With ball bearing
-
Chopping blade
-
Set 537 16 55-01
Approved accessories 252RX
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
Centre hole in blades/cutters, Ø 20 mm
Output shaft thread M12
Grass blade/grass cutter
Saw blade
Trimmer head
Multi 255-3 (Ø 255 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Multi 275-4 (Ø 275 4 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Multi 300-3 (Ø 300 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Maxi XS 200-22 (Ø 200 22 teeth)
502 27 22-01
Maxi XS 225-22 (Ø 225 22 teeth)
502 03 94-03
Trimmy S
503 91 60-01
Trimmy S II
503 91 60-01
Auto 55
503 91 60-01
Support cup
With ball bearing
-
Approved accessories 265RX
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
Centre hole in blades/cutters, Ø 20 mm
Output shaft thread M12
Grass blade/grass cutter
Multi 300-3 (Ø 300 3 teeth)
502 26 34-01
Maxi XS 200-22 (Ø 200 22 teeth)
502 27 22-01
Maxi XS 225-22 (Ø 225 22 teeth)
502 03 94-03
Saw blade
Trimmer head
Support cup
Opti 255-22 (Ø 255 22 teeth)
502 03 95-03
Trimmy S
503 91 60-01
Trimmy S II
503 91 60-01
With ball bearing
-
English
– 35
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND
OBLIGATIONS
The EPA (The US Environmental Protection Agency),
Environment Canada and Husqvarna Forest & Garden are
pleased to explain the emissions control system warranty on
your 2001 and later small nonroad engine. In U.S. and
Canada, new small nonroad engines must be designed, built
and equipped to meet the federal stringent anti-smog
standards. Husqvarna Forest & Garden must warrant the
emission control system on your small nonroad engine for the
period of time listed below provided there has been no abuse,
neglect or improper maintenance of your unit. Your emmission
control system includes Parts such as the carburetor and the
ignition system. Where a warrantable condition exists,
Husqvarna Forest & Garden will repair your small nonroad
engine at no cost to you. Expenses covered under warranty
include diagnosis, parts and labor.
MANUFACTURER′′S WARRANTY
COVERAGE
Garden servicing dealer. If you have any questions regarding
your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact
your nearest authorized servicing dealer or call Husqvarna
Forest & Garden at 1-800-487-5963
WARRANTY PERIOD Any warranted part which is not
scheduled for replacement as required maintenance, or
which is scheduled only for regular inspection to the effect of
“repair or replace as necessary” shall be warranted for 2
years. Any warranted part which is scheduled for replacement
as required maintenance shall be warranted for the period of
time up to the first scheduled replacement point for that part.
DIAGNOSIS The owner shall not be charged for diagnostic
labor which leads to the determination that a warranted part
is defective, if the diagnostic work is performed at an
approved Husqvarna Forest & Garden servicing dealer.
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES Husqvarna Forest & Garden
may be liable for damages to other engine components
caused by the failure of a warranted part still under warranty.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED
The 2001 and later small nonroad engines are warranted for
two years. If any emission related part on you engine (as
listed above) is defective, the part will be repaired or replaced
by Husqvarna Forest & Garden.
All failures caused by abuse, neglect or improper
maintenance are not covered.
OWNER′′S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES
The use of add-on or modified parts can be grounds for
disallowing a warranty claim. Husqvarna Forest & Garden is
not liable to cover failures of warranted parts caused by the
use of add-on or modified parts.
As the small nonroad engine owner, you are responsible for
the performance of the required maintenance listed in your
Operator′s Manual. Husqvarna Forest & Garden
recommends that you retain all receipts covering
maintenance on your small nonroad engine, but Husqvarna
Forest & Garden cannot deny warranty solely for the lack of
receipts or for your failure to ensure the performance of all
scheduled maintenance. As the small nonroad engine owner,
you should, however, be aware that Husqvarna Forest &
Garden may deny you warranty coverage if your small
nonroad engine or a part of it has failed due to abuse, neglect,
improper maintenance, unapproved modifications or the use
of parts not made or approved by the original equipment
manufacturer. You are responsible for presenting your small
nonroad engine to a Husqvarna Forest & Garden authorized
servicing dealer as soon as a problem exists. The warranty
repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of time,
not to exceed 30 days. If you have any questions regarding
your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact
your nearest authorized servicing dealer or call Husqvarna
Forest & Garden at 1-800-487-5963
ADD -ON OR MODIFIED PARTS
HOW TO FILE A CLAIM
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact your nearest authorized
servicing dealer or call Husqvarna Forest & Garden at 1-800487-5963
WHERE TO GET WARRANTY SERVICE
Warranty services or repairs shall be provided at all
Husqvarna Forest & Garden authorized servicing dealers.
MAINTENANCE, REPLACEMENT AND
REPAIR OF EMISSION-RELATED PARTS
Any Husqvarna Forest & Garden approved replacement part
used in the performance of any warranty maintenance or
repairs on emission-related parts, will be provided without
charge to the owner if the part is under warranty.
WARRANTY COMMENCEMENT DATE
The warranty period begins on the date small nonroad engine
is delivered.
EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY PARTS
LIST
1
Carburetor and internal parts
LENGTH OF COVERAGE
2
Intake pipe, airfilter holder and carburetor bolts.
Husqvarna Forest & Garden warrants to the initial owner and
each subsequent purchaser that the engine is free from
defects in materials and workmanship which cause the failure
of a warranted part for a period of two years.
3
Airfilter and fuelfilter covered up to maintenance schedule.
WHAT IS COVERED
REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF PARTS Repair or
replacement of any warranted part will be performed at no
charge to the owner at an approved Husqvarna Forest &
36 – English
4
Ignition System
1
Spark Plug, covered up to maintenance schedule
2
Ignition Module
MAINTENANCE STATEMENT
The owner is responsible for the performance of all required
maintenance, as defined in the operator’s manual.
Auto 55
1
2
3
>1,1 Kw
1.)
<1,1 Kw
2.)
2,7-3,3 mm
.106-.130"
4
5
2,7 mm - 9,0 m
3,0 mm - 7,5 m
3,3 mm - 6,0 m
15 cm
6"
8
7
6
15 cm
6"
15 cm
6"
10
11
15 cm
6"
Trimmy SII
1
2,4-3,3 mm
.095"-.130"
2
7,0 m
23'
12 cm
5"
~ 3,5 m
11'
3
5
4
~ 15 cm
6'
7
6
"Clic"
8
9
35-50 NM
Tri Cut
1
B
<20mm
2
A
3
4
5
>20mm
7
6
6 Nm
!
8
X 10
´®z+H1y¶5'¨
´®z+H1y¶5'¨
1140178-95
´®z+H1y¶5'¨
´®z+H1y¶5'¨
2003-06-06
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