User`s manual | Epson 1975W Network Card User Manual

MODEL 214D-1
Batch Controller
USER’S MANUAL
HP-289
November 2002
107 Kitty Hawk Lane, P.O. Box 2145, Elizabeth City, NC 27906-2145
800-628-4584 252-331-1997 FAX 252-331-2886
www.hofferflow.com E-mail: info@hofferflow.com
HP289
NOTICE
HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS, INC. MAKES NO WARRANTY OF
ANY KIND WITH REGARD TO THIS MATERIAL, INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.
This manual has been provided as an aid in installing, connecting, calibrating,
operating, and servicing this unit. Every precaution for accuracy has been taken
in the preparation of this manual; however, HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS,
INC. neither assumes responsibility for any omissions or errors that may appear
nor assumes liability for any damages that result from the use of the products in
accordance with information contained in the manual.
HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS' policy is to provide a user manual for each item
supplied. Therefore, all applicable user manuals should be examined before
attempting to install or otherwise connect a number of related subsystems.
During installation, care must be taken to select the correct interconnecting wiring
drawing. The choice of an incorrect connection drawing may result in damage to
the system and/or one of the components.
Please review the complete model number of each item to be connected and locate
the appropriate manual(s) and/or drawing(s). Identify all model numbers exactly
before making any connections. A number of options and accessories may be
added to the main instrument which are not shown on the basic user wiring.
Consult the appropriate option or accessory user manual before connecting it to the
system. In many cases, a system wiring drawing is available and may be requested
from HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS.
This document contains proprietary information which is protected by
copyright. All rights are reserved. No part of this document may be
photocopied, reproduced, or translated to another language without the prior
written consent of HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS, INC.
HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS’ policy is to make running changes, not model
changes, whenever an improvement is possible. This affords our customers the
latest in technology and engineering. The information contained in this
document is subject to change without notice.
HFC 9707
WARRANTY
HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS, INC. warrants this unit to be free of defects in
workmanship and materials provided that the unit was properly selected for the
service intended, properly installed, and not misused. Equipment returned,
transportation prepaid, within 12 months after delivery of goods or 18 months
from date of shipment for units destination outside the United States and is
found by HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS inspection to be defective in
workmanship or materials will be repaired or replaced at HOFFER FLOW
CONTROLS sole option, free of charge and returned prepaid using the lowest
cost transportation.
RETURN REQUESTS / INQUIRIES
Direct all warranty and repair requests/inquiries to the Hoffer Flow Controls
Customer Service Department, telephone number (252) 331-1997 or 1-800628-4584. BEFORE RETURNING ANY PRODUCT(S) TO HOFFER FLOW
CONTROLS, PURCHASER MUST OBTAIN A RETURNED MATERIAL
AUTHORIZATION (RMA) NUMBER FROM HOFFER FLOW
CONTROLS’ CUSTOMER SERVICE DEPARTMENT (IN ORDER TO
AVOID PROCESSING DELAYS). The assigned RMA number should then be
marked on the outside of the return package and on any correspondence.
FOR WARRANTY RETURNS, please have the following information
available BEFORE contacting HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS:
1. P.O. number under which the product was PURCHASED,
2. Model and serial number of the product under warranty, and
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems relative to the product.
FOR NON-WARRANTY REPAIRS OR CALIBRATIONS, consult
HOFFER FLOW CONTROLS for current repair/calibration charges.
Have the following information available BEFORE contacting HOFFER
FLOW CONTROLS:
1. P.O. number to cover the COST of the repair/calibration,
2. Model and serial number of the product, and
3. Repair instructions and/or specific problems relative to the product.
HFC 9707
CONTENTS
1.
Introduction................................................................................ 1
1.1
Model Number Designation ................................................ 2
2. Specification .............................................................................. 3
3. Operation ................................................................................... 5
3.1
Front Panel Operation ......................................................... 6
3.1.1
Setting the Batch Quantity ........................................... 6
3.1.2
Starting a Batch........................................................... 7
3.1.3
Stopping ..................................................................... 7
3.1.4
Resetting..................................................................... 7
3.1.5
Displayed Information................................................. 7
3.1.6
Limit on Batch Size..................................................... 8
3.2
Batch Operations ................................................................ 9
3.2.1
Control Relays .......................................................... 11
3.2.2
Signal Timeout.......................................................... 12
3.2.3
End-of-Batch............................................................. 13
3.2.4
Auto Restart.............................................................. 14
3.2.5
Automatic Overrun Compensation............................. 15
3.3
Calculation of Rate and Total............................................ 16
3.3.1
Frequency Input ........................................................ 16
3.3.2
Filtering .................................................................... 17
3.4
Total Conversion .............................................................. 19
3.5
The Output Pulse and Flow Alarm .................................... 20
4. Options .................................................................................... 22
4.1
The RS232/422/485 Interface Option ................................ 22
4.1.1
Hardware .................................................................. 22
4.1.2
Multipoint Communication........................................ 23
4.1.3
Communication Protocol ........................................... 25
5. Configuration ........................................................................... 27
5.1
Configuring the Setup Parameters ..................................... 29
5.2
Entering the Batch Parameters .......................................... 31
5.3
Configuring the Options.................................................... 33
5.4
Checking the Input Signal ................................................. 35
6. Input Circuits ........................................................................... 36
6.1
Input Circuit for the 214D Series....................................... 36
6.2
Remote Key Switches ....................................................... 41
7. Installation ............................................................................... 42
7.1
General............................................................................. 42
7.2
Terminal Wiring Designations .......................................... 44
8. Trouble Shooting...................................................................... 45
8.1
Error Codes ...................................................................... 47
Index ............................................................................................... 48
HP289
HP289
Introduction
1
1. Introduction
The Model 214D-1 Batch Controller accepts pulse or frequency flow
signals and automatically controls the batching of fluids via a one or
two stage control valve.
The instrument is extremely flexible and easy to operate, with a four
key front panel operation that enables the batch quantity to be set and
batches to be started or stopped.
This manual covers the Model 214D-1 which accepts most frequency
and pulse signals, including mV outputs from turbine flowmeters, and 2
wire proximity switch outputs. It also allows all four front panel
switches to be remotely connected via the rear panel terminal strip.
The instrument is fully configurable, with all calculation constants set
via the front panel switches and stored permanently in a non-volatile
memory.
This instrument conforms to the EMC-Directive of the Council of
European Communities 89/336/EEC and the following standards:
Generic Emission Standard EN 50081-1
Residential, Commercial &
Light Industry Environment.
Generic Emission Standard EN 50081-2
Industrial Environment.
Generic Immunity Standard EN 50082-1
Residential, Commercial &
Light Industry Environment.
Generic Immunity Standard EN 50082-2
Industrial Environment.
In order to comply with these standards, the wiring instructions in
Section 7 must be followed.
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2
1.1
Introduction
Model Number Designation
The Model number of an instrument describes which input and output
options are installed and the AC voltage rating.
MODEL 214D DIGITAL BATCH CONTROLLER
(TO BE USED ONLY WHEN APPROVALS ARE REQUIRED)
MODEL 214D-( A )-( B )-( C )-( D )-( E )
INPUTS
ANALOG & COMMUNICATIONS
POWER
MOUNTING (ENCLOSURES)
OPTIONS
INPUTS
MODEL 214D-( A )-( )-( )-( )-( )
OPTION ( A )
(1)
BASIC UNIT/SINGLE CHANNEL
(1H) BASIC UNIT/SINGLE CHANNEL/HIGH SPEED (SEE NOTE 6)
(LA) 4-20 MA TEMPERATURE
(LR) RTD, 4 WIRE LINEARIZED
(Q)
QUADRATURE BI-DIRECTIONAL FLOW (SEE NOTE 3)
ANALOG & COMMUNICATIONS
MODEL 214D-( )-( B )-( )-( )-( )
OPTION ( B )
(0)
NO OPTIONS OTHER THAN SCALED OPEN COLLECTOR.
STANDARD ALL OPTIONS.
(1)
RS232/422/485
POWER
MODEL 214D-( )-( )-( C )-( )-( )
OPTION ( C )
(A)
95-135 VAC 50/60 HZ AND 11.5-28.5 VDC SELECT
(C)
190-260 VAC 50/60 HZ
MOUNTING (ENCLOSURES)
MODEL 214D-( )-( )-( )-( D )-( )
OPTION ( D )
(1)
PANEL MOUNT (STD)
(2)
NEMA 4X, WHITE FIBERGLASS
(2B) NEMA 4X, ALUMINUM WITH HEAVY DUTY EXTERNAL SWITCHES
(CEX) CENELEC FLAME-PROOF, CSA & SAA APPROVED Eexd11BT6
(EX) UL/CSA EXPLOSION-PROOF ENCLOSURE
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Introduction 2A
OPTIONS
MODEL 214D-( )-( )-( )-( )-( E )
OPTION ( E )
(H)
50 W HEATER (SPECIFY 12 VDC, 115 VAC OR 220 VAC)
(B)
BACKLIGHTING DISPLAY
(C)
CONFORMAL COATING
(CE)
INTERFERENCE CE COMPLIANCE
(CEN)
CENELEC, CSA NRTL/C AND SAA APPROVAL
(NTEP)
WEIGHTS & MEASURES CUSTODY TRANSFER.
(AVAILABLE ON (LA) OR (LR) OPTIONS ONLY)
(UL)
ELECTRICAL ETL (US) APPROVED TO UL508 & CSA
NOTES:
1. LCD DISPLAY 6 DIGIT 0.7" (17.8MM) HIGH, NON-VOLATILE TO TEN
YEARS.
2. TRANSDUCER SUPPLY 8-24 VDC @ 50 MA MAX., FIELD ADJUSTABLE.
3. 10 POINT LINEARIZATION WITH INPUT OPTIONS (LA), (LR) AND (Q).
THE (Q)OPTION CAN BE CONFIGURED WITH EITHER THE (LA) OR (LR)
OPTION. SINGLE POINT ‘K’ FACTOR WITH INPUT OPTIONS (1) AND (1H).
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
BOTH MAGNETIC COIL AND HALL EFFECT INPUTS ACCEPTED.
TEMPERATURE RANGE
(LR) RTD INPUT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -148 TO +392 DEG. F.
(LA) 4-20 MA INPUT
GENERAL LIQUIDS . . . . . . . . . -459 TO +392 DEG. F.
PETROLEUMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . -148 TO +392 DEG. F.
LPG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -49 TO +140 DEG. F.
FOR BATCHES LESS THAN 15 SECONDS RESPONSE TIME IS LESS THAN
20MS WITH A SCALE FACTOR LIMITED TO 4000, ONE OR TWO STAGE
SHUTDOWN.
CAN CONTROL SINGLE OR DUAL STAGE SHUTDOWN VALVE.
PROGRAMMABLE TO COUNT UP OR DOWN FOR BATCH SIZE.
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Introduction 2B
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Specification
3
2. Specification
General
Display:
Display Update Rate:
Transducer Supply:
Power Requirements:
Operating Temperature:
Dimensions:
Cutout:
6 digit LCD. 0.7" (17.8mm) high digits
0.25 seconds
8-24VDC field adjustable,
50mA maximum
DC: 11.5 to 28.5 volts
130mA typical current (no options)
AC: 95-135 VAC or 190-260 VAC (Set
internally at factory)
0°C to 55°C standard
5.7" (144mm) wide x 2.8" (72mm) high x
7.0" (178mm) deep
5.5" (139mm) wide x 2.6" (67mm) high
Frequency Input
Frequency Range:
Input Circuits:
Scaling Range:
Minimum:
0.25Hz on Rate
0Hz on Total
Maximum: 10KHz
See Section 6.1
0.1000 to 50,000
Relay Outputs
Maximum Switching Power:
Maximum Switching Voltage:
Maximum Switching Current:
1250VA
250VAC, 30VDC
5 Amps
4-20mA Output
Resolution:
Accuracy:
Maximum Load:
Isolation:
10 bits
Better than 0.05%
500 ohms internally powered,
950 ohms from 24VDC
Output is isolated
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4
Specification
Pulse Output
Pulse Width:
Maximum Duty Cycle:
Output:
Scaling:
HP289
10msec (negative going pulse)
49 pulses per second
Open collector transistor will sink
100mA.
The pulse output is scaled and
outputs one pulse each time the
accumulated total increments.
Operation
5
3. Operation
The Model 214D-1 uses a low power CMOS microprocessor to
perform all control functions and calculations.
The instrument is fully configurable with all operating parameters and
calculation constants user settable.
(See Section 5 entitled
"Configuration" for information on configuring.) All parameters and
constants are stored in a non-volatile memory which retains data
without battery backup for a minimum of 10 years.
A block diagram of the instrument is shown below.
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6
3.1
Operation
Front Panel Operation
The four key operation makes the operation of the Batch Controller
very easy.
3.1.1
Setting the Batch Quantity
The batch quantity is set as follows:
Switch Action
Press BATCH SET
Display
Comments
Batch "Batch" is displayed for one second
followed by the batch quantity last
entered. The Batch Set LED lights.
"1" 2345 The most significant digit flashes
indicating that it can be changed.
Press r
"2" 2345 Pressing the DISPLAY key will
increment the digit. The up arrow on the
DISPLAY key indicates to increment
digit.
Press w
2 "2" 345 Pressing the RUN key will change digit
and enable the next digit to be
incremented. The right arrow on the
RUN key indicates to change digit.
Press BATCH SET
Set
Once the desired number is entered,
press the BATCH SET key to return to
the Run mode. The Batch Set LED will
extinguish.
Once set, the batch quantity will be retained in the non-volatile memory
and will not alter until changed by the user.
The batch quantity can only be set while the instrument is in nonoperational state such as when the batch is complete or if the batch
process has been interrupted. However, the Batch key can be pressed
while in the run state and the batch quantity displayed. All digits will
flash to signal the quantity cannot be changed.
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Operation
3.1.2
7
Starting a Batch
To start the process the RUN key is pressed. The Run LED will light
and the instrument will begin to totalize from zero or, if programmed to
count down, the display will decrement from the batch quantity.
The batcher has two control relays which are energized and deenergized as described in Section 3.2.
3.1.3
Stopping
The process can be stopped at any time by pressing the STOP key.
Once the process has been interrupted in this way, it can be continued
by pressing the RUN key or the process can be aborted and the
instrument reset by pressing the STOP key a second time.
When the process is interrupted, the STOP LED will flash to prompt
the operator to either restart or abort the batch.
3.1.4
Resetting
The instrument can be configured to reset in one of two ways.
•
At the end of a batch, the STOP key must be pressed to reset
the Batch Total. If the instrument is configured to count
down, the Batch Total will then reset to the preset quantity. If
it is configured to count up, the Batch Total will clear to zero.
•
If Auto Reset is configured on, the Batch Total will
automatically reset when the RUN key is pressed to start the
next batch.
3.1.5
Displayed Information
The display will normally show the Batch Total which is the total count
for the current batch and is reset on each new batch.
The DISPLAY key can be used to display the following additional
information:
Rate
On the first press of the DISPLAY key, the display shows RATE
for one second followed by the flowrate.
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8
Operation
Accumulated Total
On the next press of the DISPLAY key, the display shows ACC
for one second followed by the accumulated total.
The
Accumulated Total cannot be reset during normal operation.
3.1.6
Limit on Batch Size
To prevent accidental entry of large batch quantities, a maximum batch
limit can be set during configuration. The operator is then prevented
from entering a batch quantity which exceeds this predetermined value.
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Operation
3.2
9
Batch Operations
The Batch Control functions can be configured to operate in one of two
ways.
1.
At the end of the batch, the STOP key must be pressed to reset
the Batch Total. (This must be done before another batch can
be started.)
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10
Operation
2.
If Automatic Reset is configured on, a new batch is
commenced each time the RUN key is pressed.
The Batch Controller can be configured to either count up from zero on
each batch or to count down from the preset batch quantity.
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Operation
3.2.1
11
Control Relays
The two control relays can be set up to control a single valve or a dual
valve with slow-stop and/or slow-start. Alternatively, the second relay
can be used to control a pump.
The relay operation is shown on the previous two pages.
A time delay between the Batch Start and the time when Relay 2
energizes can be set to provide a soft start up. The delay can range
from 0 (no delay) to 79 minutes and 59 seconds.
A Prestop quantity (i.e., the quantity to the end of the batch) can also
be set to provide a slowdown of flow at the end of the batch, thereby
enabling precise quantities to be batched.
The process can be stopped at any time by pressing the STOP key,
whereby both relays will immediately de-energize. The process can
then be aborted and the batcher reset by pressing the STOP key again,
or the process continued by pressing the RUN key.
If the process is continued and the instrument was previously in the
slow-start or main control phases (i.e., not the prestop phase), the timer
will be reset and a slow-start will occur with a full time delay to ensure
a correct start up. The totals will not be reset and the batch quantity
will remain unchanged.
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12
Operation
3.2.2
Signal Timeout
The Signal Timeout period defines a time interval which is used to
detect if the flow has stopped. If there is no signal input for a time
greater than the Signal Timeout period the flow is deemed to have
stopped. The Signal Timeout period has two functions:
•
To detect the loss of signal during a batch when the relays are
energized. In this case, the Batcher will enter a Flow Alarm
condition and de-energize the relays.
•
After the preset batch quantity has been reached and the relays
de-energize, some overrun of flow may occur due to slow
valve closure, etc. In this case, the Signal Timeout is used to
determine when the flow has ceased and thereby accurately
determine the amount of overrun.
It is recommended that Signal Timeout periods be kept fairly short, but
long enough such that the timeout period is significantly longer than the
time period between successive input pulses from the flowmeter at the
minimum flowrate.
The instrument enables the user to set a time interval of up to 99
seconds to detect an absence of signal input. If the Signal Timeout is
set to 0, this function is disabled.
Flow Alarm
If a Signal Timeout is set greater than zero and loss of signal is detected
during a batch, a Flow Alarm signal is outputted on terminal 7. In
addition, both control relays are de-energized. The Flow Alarm output
and condition is maintained until acknowledged by pressing the STOP
key. The alarm condition is also signaled to the operator by the
flashing STOP LED. Once acknowledged, the process can then be
reset via the STOP key or continued by pressing the RUN key.
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Operation
3.2.3
13
End-of-Batch
The End-of-Batch is defined as being when the Batch Quantity is
reached, the flow has stopped, and the Signal Timeout period has
expired.
If the Signal Timeout is set to zero, the End-of-Batch is defined as
being when the Batch Quantity is reached, regardless of whether the
flow has stopped.
The Batch Controller cannot be reset or restarted until the End-of-Batch
and similarly, for an RS232/422/485 interface, data will not be output
until the End-of-Batch has been determined. Consequently, it is
strongly recommended that the Signal Timeout period be kept fairly
short.
End-of-Batch Signal
An End-of-Batch signal from an open collector transistor is output on
terminal 30 and the output is identical to the Output Pulse circuit as
shown in Section 3.7.
When reaching the End-of-Batch, the output transistor is switched on
and will remain in the "on" state until the instrument is reset.
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14
Operation
3.2.4
Auto Restart
The Batch Controller can be configured to continually repeat the batch
process. This mode of operation is selected during the configuration
process.
The process is started by pressing the RUN key whereby the normal
batch operation is commenced. After reaching the End-of-Batch (see
Section 3.2.3), the Batch Controller will then wait for a preprogrammed period before automatically resetting and starting the
batch process again.
The STOP key can be pressed at any time to interrupt the batching
process and the process can be continued using the RUN key. If,
however, the process is to be aborted, the STOP key is pressed again.
The Batch Controller is reset and to restart the auto batching process
the RUN key is pressed.
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Operation
3.2.5
15
Automatic Overrun Compensation
The Batch Controller can be configured to automatically compensate
for any overrun at the end of a batch.
Typically, this is due to the slowness of a valve to close or a pump to
stop pumping on receiving a signal from the Batch Controller. The
result is that the batch quantity will always read higher than the batch
quantity set.
The Automatic Overrun Compensation can be enabled or disabled
during the configuration process and this feature should only be used if
the overrun is repeatable. The user is cautioned against using
Automatic Overrun Compensation if the overrun is erratic such as may
occur with changing back pressures or sticking valves.
In calculating the amount of overrun to be compensated for, the Batch
Controller uses the average overrun on the last three batches.
The overrun is defined as the difference between the batch quantity set
by the user and the batch total once the flow has stopped.
With Automatic Overrun Compensation, the Signal Timeout must be
set to a value greater than zero.
Once the Batch Controller de-energizes both relays, the instrument
looks for a Signal Timeout, indicating that the maximum interval
between pulses has occurred and that the flow must, therefore, have
stopped. It then uses the overrun quantity measured during this period
and averages this together with the overrun on the last two batches.
The resulting value is then subtracted from the next batch.
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16
3.3
3.3.1
Operation
Calculation of Rate and Total
Frequency Input
The flowrate, R, is calculated as follows:
R=
fxH
S
where f is the input frequency in Hz.
H is the timebase of rate and is 1 for seconds, 60 for
minutes,3600 for hours, and 86,400 for days.
S is the Scaling Factor.
The Scaling Factor, S, is equal to the K-factor of the flowmeter
expressed in pulses per unit volume.
The user sets the Scaling Factor and selects the timebase during the
configuration process as detailed in Section 5 of this manual.
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Operation
3.3.2
17
Filtering
Frequency fluctuations caused by pulsating flow through a flowmeter,
often makes the Rate impossible to read with any precision.
The Batch Controller has a digital filter which will average out these
fluctuations and enable the Rate to be read to four digit accuracy. The
degree of filtering is fully configurable which means that highly
accurate and stable readings can be obtained without excessive lag.
The diagram below shows a pulsating signal input together with the
effect of filtering.
As a guideline to the degree of filtering to be used, the following table
shows the response to a step change in input. The value, A, is the filter
constant which is set during the configuration process. The times for
the display value to reach 90% and 99% of full swing are given in
seconds for different values of A.
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18
Operation
A
90%
99%
1
0
0
2
1
2
4
2
4
6
3
6
10
5
11
15
8
17
20
11
22
25
14
28
35
20
40
45
25
51
60
34
69
75
43
86
90
52
103
99
57
113
Table 1 - Response to a step Input (in seconds).
Note: if A is set to 1, there is NO filtering of the input signal.
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Operation
3.4
19
Total Conversion
The Total Conversion feature enables the rate to be displayed in one
engineering unit (e.g., gallons/minute) and the totals to be displayed in
another engineering unit (e.g., barrels).
The Scaling Factor is always set in the unit relating to Rate and the
Total Conversion constant is a division factor which can be used to
convert the totals to the different unit. The Total Conversion factor
affects the net, accumulated, and gross totals and is limited between
0.01 and 2000.
For Example
If the Rate is required in gallons per minute:
1. The Scaling Factor would be set to pulses per gallon
2. The timebase would be set to minutes
If the Totals are required in barrels:
3. The Total Conversion factor is set to 42 (there are 42 gallons in
a barrel). All totals, including the Batch Quantity and Batch
Total, will now be in barrels.
Some common units are given below together with the Total
Conversion constant (TOTCON) which should be set.
Rate∗
Gallons (US)/
Liters/
ml/
Mgallons/
∗
Totals
Barrels (oil)
Kiloliters
Liters
Acre-feet
TOTCON
42.00
1000
1000
0.32587
Units per second, minute, hour or day. The timebase is set
separately during configuration.
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20
3.5
Operation
The Output Pulse and Flow Alarm
An OUTPUT PULSE is available on terminal 10 for driving remote
counters and produces a pulse each time the Accumulated Total
increments by one digit. For example, if the Accumulated Total has a
resolution of 0.01 gallons, a pulse is produced each 0.01 gallons.
The pulse is a current sinking pulse of approximately 10msec produced
by an open collector transistor and can sink up to 100mA. The
maximum pulse rate is limited to 49 pulses per second and the
resolution on the Accumulated Total must be set so that the
Accumulated Total increments at less than 49 counts per second.
Note that due to the uneven pulse output spacing on this output, the
pulse output cannot be used to drive rate indicators.
The FLOW ALARM uses an identical circuit to the Output Pulse and
is available on terminal 7.
The Flow Alarm will output an alarm condition if the flow times out
during a batch (i.e., there is no flow registered for a time greater that
the Signal Timeout period, provided the Signal Timeout is greater than
0).
The Flow Alarm output will switch “on” (i.e., the signal goes low)
whenever an alarm condition exists. The Alarm will switch “off” (i.e.,
the signal goes high) when the alarm is reset by pressing the DISPLAY
key.
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Operation
21
Connection of Output Pulse/Flow Alarm is as follows:
Driving an External Relay or Impulse Counter
Driving a Logic Input such as a PLC or Electronic Counter
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22
Options
4. Options
4.1
The RS232/422/485 Interface Option
With this option installed, the circuits for both the RS232 and
RS422/485 interfaces are provided as standard. They can be used to
interface to both printers and computers. A number of standard printer
protocols are built into the instrument.
4.1.1
Hardware
The following diagram provides an overview of the
RS232/RS422/RS485 communications hardware. All three interfaces
are available on the rear terminal strips and the user can select either
one by making the appropriate connections.
The RS232 interface is primarily used with printers or for simple
communication with a computer over a short distance. The RS422 and
RS485 interfaces are used for communication over a long distance or in
applications requiring multipoint communication.
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Options 23
4.1.2
Multipoint Communication
Multipoint Communication is a system whereby a number of
instruments can be addressed over a dual twisted pair interface. Up to
32 instruments can be connected to a common bus using the RS422 and
RS485 interfaces as shown below.
To convert the RS422 interface to an RS485 interface, the RS422 (-)
Data In Terminal must be connected to the RS422 (-) Data Out
Terminal and the RS422 (+) Data In Terminal must be connected to the
RS422 (+) Data Out Terminal. These connections will convert the
RS422 4 wire interface to the RS485 2 wire interface, as shown in
Figure 2.
Each instrument can be configured with a unique address which is used
by the Master Controller (e.g., an IBM/PC) to identify each instrument.
The Controller will send the address down the line and will alert the
relevant instrument. Subsequent software protocol will control the
flow of data between the Controller and the Instrument.
Figure 1 RS422 Interface
HP289
24
Options
Figure 2 RS485 Interface
HP289
Options 25
4.1.3
Communication Protocol
The RS232/422/485 option has a real time clock and enables the time
and date to be set and printed on tickets. The date format can be
European (days/months/years) or USA (months/days/years) while the
time is on a 24 hour clock.
Note that the clock will only retain its time for 3 days (minimum) if
there is no power connected to the instrument. After this period, the
clock may need to be reset.
The baud rate, parity, and word length can be selected during
configuration and the user must ensure that these correspond to the
setting on the printer or computer with which the instrument is
communicating.
The software protocols can be selected during configuration to provide
standard interfaces to a number of printers and computers. Since other
interfaces will continue to be added, the user should consult the factory
for the latest protocols and/or printer drivers.
Printer
A ticket is printed each time the RESET key is pressed. The instrument
prints the ticket before resetting the resettable total. Protocols are
provided to drive the following printers:
1
2
3
4
5
6
Standard Computer Printer (Note that the printer must have an
RS232 Serial Interface)
EPSON CTM290 Slip Printer
Contrec Model 624
EPSON TM290-2 Slip Printer
Contrec Model 632-2
Syntest SP-210
Consult with the factory if any other printer is to be interfaced with the
instrument.
The tickets can also be printed with a number of different units of
measure including liters and gallons. The units of measure are
selectable from a pre-programmed list.
A CTS input is provided and prevents the instrument from transmitting
any further characters to a printer if the printer buffer is full. The CTS
HP289
26
Options
input is usually connected to the "Data Buffer Full" output from the
printer.
If the printer buffer is large enough to handle the message output from
the instrument, then this input need not be used and should be left
unconnected.
Computer
The instrument receives and transmits messages in ASCII with all
command strings to the instrument terminated by a carriage return.
While replies from the instrument are terminated with a carriage return
and a line feed.
Xon/Xoff protocol is also supported and the instrument will
automatically determine if the message sent by the host computer is
preceded by an Xoff character. If it does recognize an Xoff as the first
character of a command string, the instrument will automatically switch
to the Xoff/Xon protocol beginning and ending all messages with Xoff
and Xon characters respectively. Xoff/Xon protocol is only available
when the RS232 interface is selected.
During configuration, the instrument can be configured to operate in a
full duplex or half duplex transmission mode. In full duplex mode, all
commands sent to the instrument are echoed back to the host computer.
In half duplex, the commands are not echoed.
HP289
Configuration
27
5. Configuration
The Configuration process enables the Setup Parameters to be
configured, as well as enabling the input signals to be checked.
The configuration process can be entered in one of two ways:
1
2
By connecting a wire link (or switch) to the rear terminal strip
across terminals 1 and 2
By pressing the TOTAL key and while holding, pressing the
RESET key. Both keys must then be held for approximately 6
seconds. This second method of access can be disabled during
the configuration so that it is only possible to enter the
configuration process via the link across terminals 1 and 2.
The key switch actions are during Configuration are as follows:
RUN
changes a flashing digit to the next digit.
DISPLAY
increments a flashing digit or changes a
parameter selection.
BATCH SET
resets a flashing digit to zero.
STOP
steps through the configuration sequences.
Note that the arrows in the RUN and DISPLAY key switches indicate
that these switches can be used to change and increment digits
respectively.
In stepping through the configuration sequence, the Parameter
Description is always displayed first, followed by the actual value or
parameter. When a value or parameter can be changed, it is always
shown as flashing and the LED's in the switch panels are lit if that key
switch can be used to change a value.
On first entering the Configuration routine, the display will show:
CAL
Batch
Option
Test
End
Setup Program parameters
Enter Batch parameters
Options (if installed)
Check Input Signals
Exit to Normal Operation
HP289
28
Configuration
The user can toggle between these modes using the DISPLAY key and
by using the STOP key select the appropriate mode.
To exit Configuration, step through the Setup program, Batch program,
or Test program until the end and press the STOP key when End is
displayed (ensure the configuration link is removed).
HP289
Configuration
5.1
29
Configuring the Setup Parameters
Step
Display
1
CAL
BATCH
OPTION
TEST
END
Description
Text
Ref
Setup Program Parameters
Set Batch Parameters
Options (if installed)
Check Input Signals
Exit to normal operation
5.2
5.3
5.4
The following steps are displayed when CAL is selected.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
RESTOT Reset all totals to zero.
To clear all totals (resettable and
accumulated) press the BATCH SET key
once.
SCALE Scaling Factor.
Fact
Enter the Scaling factor (K-factor) of the
flowmeter.
F dPt Number of decimal points with which the Rate
is to be displayed between 0 to 0000.
t.base The Timebase with which the Rate is
calculated must be entered as:
60secs
units/min
hours
units/hour
days
units/day
secs
units/second
FILTER The filter constant for filtering the rate display.
1
No filtering.
to
99
Very heavy filtering.
TOTCON A division factor to convert the totals to
different units from those used for rate (e.g.,
gallons/min and barrels).
1
Rate and totals have the same engineering
units.
x.xxxx
Other factors can be programmed between
0.01 and 2000.
t.dPt
Number of decimal points with which the
resettable total is displayed between 0 to 00.
3.3.1
3.2.1
3.3.2
3.30
HP289
30
Configuration
Step
Display
9
A.dPt
10
HP289
Description
Number of decimal points with which the
Accumulated (non resettable) total is displayed
between 0 to 00.
ACCESS Enable access to configuration routine via the
front keyboard only.
Front
Enable access via front keyboard.
No Acc
Disable access via front keyboard.
Text
Ref
Configuration
5.2
31
Entering the Batch Parameters
Step
Display
1
BATCH
OPTION
TEST
END
CAL
Description
Text
Ref
Set Batch Parameters
Options (if installed)
Check Input Signals
Exit to normal operation
Setup Program Parameters
5.3
5.4
5.1
The following steps are displayed when BATCH is selected.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
BATCH L Maximum Batch Size which can be entered.
xxxxxx
Set to 0 if no limit on batch size.
AUTO S Automatic restart feature.
Off
Disable
On
Enable
xx:xx
If enabled, automatically restarts the batch
xx:xx (mins:sec) after the end of the last
batch.
START T Slow start time.
xx:xx
Time, in minutes:seconds, when Relay 2
will energize once the batch has started.
PREST Prestop Quantity.
xxxx
Quantity at which Relay 2 will de-energize
before the end of the batch. (e.g., If the
batch quantity is 100 liters and Prest is 2
liters, relay 2 will de-energize after 98
liters.)
COUNT The Batch Total counts Up or Down.
dn
Count down from the batch quantity.
up
Count up from zero.
T OUT The Signal Timeout in seconds (Setting to 00
disables this feature.).
AOC
Automatic Overrun Compensation.
Note that the Signal Timeout must be
greater than 0 (i.e., enabled) for this feature
to work.
En
Enable.
Dis
Disable.
3.2
3.2.4
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.2.2
3.2.5
HP289
32
Configuration
Step
9
10
HP289
Display
Description
OUT 30 Output on Terminal 30.
PC
“Pump Control”.
EOB
End of Batch output
AUTO R Auto Reset (not displayed if Auto Restart is
programmed - Step 3 above).
Off
Batch Total must be manually reset before
starting the next batch.
On
The Batch can be automatically reset and
started by pressing only the RUN key.
Text
Ref
3.2
Configuration
5.3
33
Configuring the Options
Step
Display
1
OPTION
TEST
END
CAL
BATCH
Description
Options (if installed)
Check Input Signals
Exit to normal operation
Setup Program Parameters
Set Batch Parameters
Text
Ref
5.4
5.1
5.2
If the RS232/422/485 option is installed, the following will be displayed:
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
DF
Eur
USA
Date
xx:xx:xx
HOUR
xx:xx
BAUD
xxxx
DATA
7
8
PARITY
NP
OP
EP
SIGNAL
rs232
rs422
ID NO
0
1 - 99
PTYPE xx
00
01
02
03
Date Format.
European (i.e., days/months/years).
USA (i.e., months/days/years).
Enter date as:
Years:Months:Days.
Enter time as a 24 hour clock.
Hours:Minutes.
Baudrate
300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, or 9600
Word length.
7 bits
8 bits
Parity.
No Parity
Odd Parity
Even Parity.
Signal Type.
RS232
RS422/RS485
Unit Identification Number.
None
Id Number.
Printer/Computer Type.
4.1
4.1
Standard Computer Printer
EPSON CTM 290 Slip Printer
Contrec Model 624 Printer
EPSON TM290-2 Slip Printer
HP289
34
Step
Configuration
Display
Description
04
05
Contrec Model 632-2 Printer
Syntest SP-210 Printer
20
Computer
Text
Ref
If a Printer Protocol is selected, the following message is displayed:
11
UNIT xx Units of measurement printed.
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
None
Liters (Ltrs).
Gallons (Gals)
Barrels (bbls)
Pounds (lbs)
Grams (gms)
Kilograms (kgs)
Tons (tons)
If a Computer Protocol is selected, the following message is displayed:
11
HP289
ECHO
On
Off
ECHO Commands.
Echo (Full Duplex)
No Echo (Half Duplex)
Configuration
5.4
35
Checking the Input Signal
Step
Display
1
TEST
END
CAL
BATCH
OPTION
Description
Text
Ref
Check Input Signals
Exit to normal operation
Setup Program Parameters
Set Batch Parameters
Options (if installed)
5.1
5.2
5.3
The following steps are displayed when TEST is selected.
2
3
Sr x.xx
Freq
xxxx.x
Software revision number.
Displayed for 1 second followed by the actual
frequency.
Frequency in Hz.
If the RS232/422/485 option is installed, the display will then show:
4
CLOC Clock.
xx:xx:xx
Time in Hours:Mins:Sec.
HP289
36
Input Circuits
6. Input Circuits
This section covers the connection of flowmeter signals for the Model
214D Series Batch Controllers.
The 214D Series has a regulated power supply output which can be
used to power sensors. A trimpot on the rear of the instrument allows
the voltage to be adjusted in the range of 8-24 Volts and the output can
supply a maximum of 50mA.
6.1
Input Circuit for the 214D Series
The 214D Series has an input conditioning card which will accept
signals from most pulse or frequency producing flowmeters. An 8
position DIP switch on the rear panel enables the input circuit to be
configured for different signal types.
The input will interface directly to:
•
Turbine Flowmeters
•
Open Collector Outputs
•
Reed Switches
•
Logic Signals
The following pages give examples of the interconnection to various
signal outputs and a circuit diagram of the input is also provided.
HP289
Input Circuits
37
Switch Settings
The following switch settings are recommended for different input
signal types.
Input Signal Type
Input Terminals
Switch Settings
CH1
(+)
(-)
9
8
off off off off on off off off
9
8
off off off off on off on off
11
9
off off on on on off off off
9
8
off off off off on off on
9
8
off on off off off off off off
9
8
on on off off off off off off
a. Logic Signal,
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CMOS, Pulse
b. Open Collector or
Reed switch
c. Namur Proximity
(set DC out to 8
volts)
d. Switch or Reed
on
Switch with
debounce circuit
(200Hz max)
e. Coil (20mV P-P
minimum)
f.. Coil (low
Impedance;
22mV pp
minimum)
General Specification
Switching Threshold:
2.5 Volts (except for input type c, e, and f)
Maximum Input Voltage:
50V peak
Input Impedance:
Input type a:
Input types b & d:
Input type c:
Input type e:
Input type f:
100K
10K
1K
100K
2.4K
HP289
38
Input Circuits
The Frequency Input Circuit
HP289
Input Circuits
1.
MAG Coil
2.
Redi-Pulse, CMOS or Pulse
3.
Redi-Pulse, Open Collector
39
HP289
40
Input Circuits
4.
Squarewave, CMOS or Pulse
5.
Open-Collector
6.
Reed Switch
HP289
Input Circuits
6.2
41
Remote Key Switches
Remote push-buttons can be connected to the Model 214D-1 to
duplicate the keys on the front panel.
The switches are wired as follows:
HP289
42
Installation
7. Installation
7.1
General
Terminal designations for the Model 214D Batch Controller are given
on the following pages. The cutout hole in the panel should be 5.5"
(139mm) wide x 2.6" (67mm) high. Two side clips are supplied to
secure the instrument into the panel.
A case grounding point is provided via a ground lug on the side of the
case. Note that this grounding point is for the case only and there is
complete electrical isolation between this point and all electronic
circuits. For EMC purposes or when the instrument is connected to AC
power source, this point must be connected to a good earth ground
using a multi-stranded, braided wire or strap.
The two control relays are changeover relays and both the “normally
open” and “normally closed” terminals are available on the rear
terminal strip. All relay outputs are totally isolated from the case and
from the internal circuitry.
A Supply Output Voltage is provided to power sensors. This output
will provide a regulated voltage of 8 to 24 volts and the voltage is
adjustable by means of the potentiometer on the rear panel. Maximum
current is 50mA and the instrument comes with the voltage factory set
at 24 Volts. When the instrument is powered from a DC power source,
the maximum output voltage on the Supply Output is the DC Input
Voltage less 3.5 volts.
The instrument will operate from either 12-28 volts DC or from the AC
line. The AC voltage is factory set to either 95 - 135 VAC (110 VAC
nominal) or 190 - 260 VAC (220 VAC nominal). An internal AC
transformer provides full isolation between the AC line and the
electronic circuits.
The DC Ground terminal 12 provides a common ground for the 12-28
Volt power input, the 8 - 24 Volt output, the pulse output, and the
End-of-Batch output.
It is good practice to use shielded cables for all signal connections to
the Model 214D. Care must be taken to separate signal cables from
power cables so as to minimize interference. Overall shields should be
connected to the case earth at the instrument end only. This connection
HP289
Installation
43
should be as short as possible and connected to the grounding lug on
the side of the case.
In order to comply with the requirements for Electromagnetic
Compatibility as per EMC-Directive 89/336/EEC of the Council of
European Community, this wiring practice is mandatory.
Although it is also possible to connect shields to the signal ground
(terminal 2) this practice is not in accordance with EMC directives.
RC Networks for Interference Suppression
When driving highly inductive loads with the control relays, it is
recommended that RC suppression networks (often called "Snubbers")
are used for two reasons:
§
To limit the amount of electrical noise caused by arcing across
the relay contacts which may, in extreme cases, cause the
microprocessor to act erratically.
§
To protect the relay contacts against premature wear through
pitting.
RC suppression networks consist of a capacitor and series resistor and
are commonly available in the electrical industry. The values of R and
C are dependant entirely on the load. However, if the user is unsure of
the type of snubber to use, values of 0.25µF and 100 ohms will usually
suffice. Note that only AC voltage approved RC suppression networks
should be used.
The basic principle of operation is that the capacitor prevents a series of
sparks from arcing across the contact as the contact breaks. The series
resistor limits the current through the contact when the contact first
makes
HP289
44
7.2
HP289
Installation
Terminal Wiring Designations
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Description
Configuration Link
Signal Ground
Not Used
Remote DISPLAY Switch
Remote BATCH SET Switch
Not Used
Flow Alarm
Flow Common (-)
Flow Pulse Input
Pulse Out
DC Power Out (8-24 VDC)
DC Ground (-)
DC Power Input (+)
Not Used
Terminal
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
RS232/422/485 Option
RS232 Signal Ground
RS232 Data in
RS232 Data Out
RS422/485 (-) Data Out
RS422/485 (+) Data Out
RS422/485 (-) Data In
RS422/485 (+) Data In
RS232 CTS
Terminal
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Relay Option & Switches
Remote RUN Switch
Remote STOP Switch
End of Batch/Pump Control Signal
Relay 2 - Normally Open
Relay 2 - Normally Closed
Relay 2 - Common
Relay 1 - Normally Open
Relay 1 - Normally Closed
Relay 1 - Common
Trouble Shooting 45
8. Trouble Shooting
Batcher does not reset
The Signal Timeout has been set to an excessively long period and
has not timed out at the end of the last batch.
Batch will not start or relay 1 will not close
Ensure that the instrument has not timed out as controlled by the
Signal Timeout and that a Flow Alarm condition does not prevail.
Pressing the Stop switch will cancel this condition. Check for a
fault on the flow input before restarting.
Batcher stops during a batch (prior to batch end)
This could be due to the Signal Timeout having timed out. Check
for a fault in the system. Ensure that the Signal Timeout period is
significantly longer than the period between flowmeter pulses at
the minimum flowrate.
No display
Check for power to the instrument.
All 88888888 displayed
The Batcher displays all eights on power-up for 4 seconds as a
display test. If all eights continue to display after this period, this
is symptomatic of the power supply voltage being low. Check the
power input voltage.
Not counting.
If the Batcher does not count with the flowmeter connected and
flow passing through it, first check the connections and then ensure
the DIP switches on the rear of the instrument are set correctly for
the attached flowmeter.
It is possible to manually test the input circuit of the Batcher by
setting the input configuration for a Reed Switch and pulsing
across the signal (+) and (-) with a wire link. When doing this, the
HP289
46
Trouble Shooting
Scaling Factor should be set to 1 and the Resolution to whole
numbers.
Counting erratically
This can be caused by two factors:
§
§
Setting the input circuit incorrectly
Lack of shielding on the input wiring
Ensure that the input selection DIP switch is correctly set for the
flowmeter attached. Shield the input signal with the shield
connected at the batch controller only.
Instrument acting erratically
Erratic operation can be the result of severe electrical interference.
Considerable attention has been given to designing the Batch
Controller to withstand electrical interference.
However, in extreme cases, loads may be encountered which are
exceptionally inductive and may require additional protection.
One measure is to use an RC Suppression Network as described in
the previous section of this manual.
Another remedy for this problem is to use an isolating relay to
switch the load and use the Batcher to drive the isolating relay.
The isolating relay should be mounted away from the Batcher and
from the signal wiring.
No end of batch, pulse output, or flow alarm
This fault is usually caused by lack of a pull-up resistor or load on
the output. The outputs have no internal pull-up resistors and
require on an external load.
HP289
Trouble Shooting 47
8.1
Error Codes
The instrument has extensive self test facilities and will display an error
code if it detects an invalid condition. If the instrument displays an
error code other than those listed below, please contact the factory.
Error codes are displayed as "Err ##" and a list of the commonly
encountered codes are given below:
Input Errors
11 Invalid input configuration programmed.
13 Signal Timeout (see Section 3.2.2).
14 Communications Input error (RS232/422/485 interface).
Output Errors
21 Invalid output configuration.
22 Communications error - Baud rate not set.
23 Communications error - Printer fault.
Configuration Errors
30 Zero Value not allowed.
33 Invalid Printer Type.
34 Invalid Volume Units selected.
.
HP289
48
Index
Index
A
E
L
AC Voltage, 42
access, 30
Auto Reset, 7
Auto Restart, 14
Automatic
Overrun
Compensation,
15
electrical noise, 43
End of Batch, 13
Error Codes, 47
Limit on Batch, 8
Logic Signals, 36
Loss of Signal, 12
F
M
Filtering, 17
Flow Alarm, 12
Flowrate
calculation, 16
Frequency Input,
16
Frequency Range,
3
Front Panel, 6
Maximum Input
Voltage, 37
Model Number, 2
Multipoint
Communicatio
n, 23
B
Batch Limit, 8
Batch Set, 6
Baud rate, 25, 33
C
clock, 25
Communication
Protocol, 25
communications,
22
Computer, 26
Control Functions,
9
Control Relay, 11
Count Down, 7
Count Up, 7
Cutout, 3
D
date, 25
decimal points, 29
Dimensions, 3
Display Key, 7
Displayed
Information, 7
HP289
G
Ground, 42
Ground Lug, 42
grounding point, 42
I
Identification
Number, 33
Inductive Loads, 43
Input Circuits, 36
Input Impedance,
37
Installation, 42
Interference, 43
isolation, 42
K
Key Operation, 6
K-factor, 16
O
Open Collector
Outputs, 36
Operating
Temperature, 3
Operation, 5
Options, 22
Output Pulse, 20
Overrun, 15
P
Parity, 25, 33
Power
Requirements, 3
Prestop, 11
Printer, 25
Pulsating Signal,
17
Pulse Output, 20
R
Rate, 7
Reed Switches, 36
Index
Regulated Voltage,
42
Remote Pushbuttons, 41
Resetting, 7
Response, 18
RS232/422/485
Interface, 22
Run Key, 6
S
Scaling Factor, 16
Scaling Range, 3
self test, 47
Setting the Batch,
6
Setup Parameters,
27
Signal Timeout, 12
Slow Start, 11
Slow Stop, 11
Snubbers, 43
Specification, 3
Starting, 7
Stop Key, 11
Stopping, 7
Supply Output, 42
Switch Settings, 37
Switching
Threshold, 37
49
T
Terminal Wiring
Designations,
44
Tickets, 25
time, 25
Time Delay, 11
Timebase, 29
Total Conversion,
19
Transducer Supply,
3
Trouble Shooting,
45
Turbine
Flowmeters, 36
Terminal
Designations, 42
W
Word Length, 25
HP289
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