Epson 2170 Printer User Manual

EPSON TERMINAL PRINTER
FX-2170
SERVICE MANUAL
EPSON
4005662
NOTICE
•
All right reserved. Reproduction of any part of this manual in any form wharsoever without SEIKO EPSON’s express
written permission is forbidden.
•
•
The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
All efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual. However, should any errors be
detected, SEIKO EPSON would greatly appreciate being informed of them.
•
The above notwithstanding SEIKO EPSON can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual or the
consequences thereof.
Copyright 1995 by SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
Nagano, Japan
PRECAUTIONS
Precautionary notations throughout the tect are categorized relative to 1) personal injury, and 2) damage to
equipment:
DANGER
Singnals a precaution which, if ignored, could ressult in serious or fatal personal
injury, Great caution should be exercised in performing procedures preceded by
a DANGER headings.
WARNING
Singnals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in damage to equipment.
The precautionary measures itemized below should always be observed when performing repair
/maintenance procedures.
DANGER
1. ALWAYS DISCONNECT THE PRODUCT FROM BOTH THE POWER SOURCE AND THE
HOST COMPUTER BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE OR REPAIR PROCEDURE.
2. NO WORK SHOULD BE PERFORMED ON THE UNIT BY PERSONS UNFAMIAR WITH
BASIC SAFETY MEASURES AS DICTATED FOR ALL ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS IN
THEIR LINE OF WORK
3. WHEN PERFORMING TESTING AS DISCATED WITHIN THIS MANUL, DO NOT CONNECT
THE UNIT TO A POWER SOURCE UNIT INSTRUCTED TO DO SO. WHEN THE POWER
SUPPLY CABLE MUST BE CONNECTED, USE EXTREME CAUTION IN WORKING ON
POWER SUPPLY AND OTHER ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS.
WARNING
1. REPAIRS ON EPSON PRODUCT SHOULD BE PERFORMED ONLY BY AN EPSON
CERTIFIED REPAIR TECHNICIAN.
2. MAKE CERTAIN THAT THE SOURCE VOLTAGE IS THE SAME AS THE RATED VOLTAGE,
LISTED ON THE SERIAL NUMBER/RATIG PLATE. IF THE EPSON PRODUCT HAS A
PRIMARY-AC RATING DIFERENT FORM THE AVAILABLE POWER SOURCE, DO NOT
CONNECTE IT TO THE POWER SOURCE.
3. ALWAYS VERIFY THAT THE EPSON PRODUCT HAS BEEN DISCONNECTED FROM THE
POWER SOURCE BEFORE REMOVING OR REPLACING PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS
AND/OR INDDIVIDUAL CHIPS.
4. IN ORDER TO PROTECT SENSITIVE m P CHIPS AND CIRCUITRY, USE STATIC
DISCHARGE EQUIPMENT, SUCH AS ANTI-STATIC WRIST STRAPS, WHEN ACCESSING
INTERNAL COMPONENTS.
5. REPLACE MALFUNCTIONING COMPONENTS ONLY WITH THOSE COMPONENTS
RECOMMENTED BY THE MAANUFACTURE; INTRODUCTION OF SECOND-SOURCE ICs
OR OTHER NONAPPROVED COMPONENTS MAY DAMAGE THE PRODUCT AND VOID
ANY APPLICABLE EPSON WARRANTY.
PREFACE
This manual describes functions, theory of electrical and mechanical operations, maintenance, and repair of
the FX-2170. The instructions and procedures included herein are intended for the experienced repair
technician, and attention should be given to the precautions on the preceding page. The chapters are
organized as follows:
Chapter 1
-
Provides a general product overview, Lists specifications, and illustrates the main
components of the printer.
Chapter 2
-
Describes the theory of printer operation.
Chapter 3
-
Includes a step-by-step guide for product disassembly and assembly.
Chapter 4
-
Includes a step-by step guide for addjustement.
Chapter 5
-
Provides Epson-approved techniques for troubleshooting.
Chapter 6
-
Describes prevetive maintenance techniques.
❇ The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
REVISION SHEET
Revision
Issued Date
Revision Page
Rev. A
October 13, 1995
1st issued
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1.
CHAPTER 2.
CHAPTER 3.
CHAPTER 4.
CHAPTER 5.
CHAPTER 6.
APPENDIX
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
OPERATION PRINCIPLES
DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
ADJUSTMENTS
TROUBLESHOOTING
MAINTENANCE
CHAPTER 1
Product Description
Table of Contents
1.1 Specifications
1-1
1.1.1 Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.2 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.2 Hardware Specifications
1-4
1.2.1 Printing Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
1.2.2 Printing Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
1.2.3 Paper Handling Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
1.2.4 Paper Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
1.2.5 Ribbon Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
1.2.6 Electrical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
1.2.7 Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
1.2.8 Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
1.2.9 Safety Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
1.2.10 CE Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
1.2.11 Physical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
1.2.12 Cut Sheet Feeder Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
1.3 Firmware Specifications
1.3.1 Control Codes and Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.2 Interface Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.2.1 Parallel Interface (Forward Channel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.2.2 Parallel Interface (Reverse Channel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.2.3 Interface Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.2.4 Preventing the Host from Data Time-out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.3 Paper Handling Firmware Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3.4 Paper Width Sensor Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20
1-20
1-21
1-21
1-23
1-24
1-24
1-25
1-28
1.4 Operating Instructions
1.4.1 Control Panel Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.2 Status Codes Indicated by the LEDs and Beeper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.3 Micro Adjustment Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.4 Tear Off Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.5 Self-test Function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.6 Hexadecimal Dump Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.7 Default Setting Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.8 EEPROM Clear Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.9 Bidirectional Adjustment Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
1-29
1-30
1-31
1-31
1-32
1-32
1-33
1-33
1-34
1.5 Initialization
1.5.1 Software Initialization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5.2 Operation Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5.3 Power On Initialization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-34
1-34
1-34
1-34
1.6 MAIN COMPONENTS
1.6.1 C166 MAIN Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.2 C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.3 C165 PNL Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.4 Printer Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6.5 Housing Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-35
1-36
1-36
1-37
1-37
1-38
List of Figures
Figure 1-1. Exterior View of the FX-2170 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Figure 1-2. Pin Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Figure 1-3. Printable Area for Cut Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Figure 1-4. Printable Area for Envelopes and Card Stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Figure 1-5. Printable Area for Continuous Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Figure 1-6. Label Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Figure 1-7. Printable Area for Roll Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
Figure 1-8. Data Transmission Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Figure 1-9. Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
Figure 1-10. Self-test Printout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
Figure 1-11. Hexadecimal Dump Printout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
Figure 1-12. Main Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35
Figure 1-13. C166 MAIN Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-36
Figure 1-14. C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-36
Figure 1-15. C165 PNL Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
Figure 1-16. Printer Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
Figure 1-17. Housing Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
List of Tables
Table 1-1. Items Included with the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Table 1-2. Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Table 1-3. Optional Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Table 1-4. Print Speed and Printable Columns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Table 1-5. Print Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Table 1-6. Paper Path and Paper Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Table 1-7. Paper Thickness Lever Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Table 1-8. Specifications for Cut Sheets (Single Sheet, not Multipart) . . . . . . . . 1-8
Table 1-9. Specifications for Cut Sheets (Multipart). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
Table 1-10. Printable Area for Cut Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Table 1-11. Specifications for Envelopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Table 1-12. Specifications for Card Stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Table 1-13. Printable Area for Envelopes and Card Stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Table 1-14. Specifications for Continuous Paper (Single Sheet and Multipart ) 1-12
Table 1-15. Printable Area for Continuous Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Table 1-16. Specifications for Continuous Paper with Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Table 1-17. Specifications for Roll Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
Table 1-18. Printable Area for Roll Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-15
Table 1-19. Ribbon Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Table 1-20. Electrical Specifications for 120 V Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Table 1-21. Electrical Specifications for 220/240 V Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-16
Table 1-22. Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
Table 1-23. Reliability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
Table 1-24. Safety Information for Printer Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
Table 1-25. CE Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Table 1-26. Physical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Table 1-27. Hopper Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Table 1-28. Stacker Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Table 1-29. Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Table 1-30. Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20
Table 1-31. Pin Assignment of Forward Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
Table 1-32. Minimum and Maximum Timings for Data Transmission . . . . . . . . 1-22
Table 1-33. Pin Assignments for Reverse Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
Table 1-34. Paper Handling Sequence 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Table 1-35. Paper Handling Sequence 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Table 1-36. Paper Handling Sequence 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Table 1-37. Paper Handling Sequence 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Table 1-38. Paper Handling Sequence 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
Table 1-39. Paper Handling Sequence 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-27
Table 1-40. Paper Width Sensor Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
Table 1-41. Operations in Normal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
Table 1-42. Operations at Power On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
Table 1-43. Operations for Default Setting Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
Table 1-44. Indicators and Beeper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-30
Table 1-45. EEPROM Initialization Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-33
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.1 Specifications
These specifications provide statistical information for the the FX-2170 serial impact dot matrix printer.
1.1.1. Features
The FX-2170 is a 9-pin serial impact dot-matrix printer suitable for the VAR (value added reseller) market.
The major features of this printer are:
Print speed
High speed draft
Draft
LQ
Feeding method
Friction feed
(front, rear)
Push tractor feed
(front, rear)
Push and pull tractor feed (front, rear)
Pull tractor feed
(front, rear, bottom)
Feeder
Front push tractor, rear push tractor, CSF bin 1 / bin 2 (optional)
Pull tractor (optional) , roll paper ❊ holder (optional)
Paper/media
labels, roll paper
Single sheets, continuous paper, multipart paper, envelopes, card
Fonts
Character tables
440 characters per second (cps)
330 cps
66 cps at 10 characters per inch (cpi)
stock
2 LQ and 1 draft bitmap typefaces
8 barcode fonts
Standard version
NLSP version
11 tables
19 tables
Input buffer
64KB
Acoustic noise
55 dB (A), ISO 7779 pattern
Reliability
Total print volume 7.5 million lines, except printhead
MTBF
6000 power on hours (POH)
Printhead life
200 million characters
Ribbon life
12 million characters
Interfaces
Bidirectional parallel interface (IEEE-P1284 nibble mode supported)
Type B I /F Level 2 (option)
Control codes
ESC/P and IBM 2380/2381 plus emulation
Copy capability
1 original + 5 copies
Control panel functions
Font, Pitch, Pause, Tear off, Bin, LF/FF, Load/Eject, Micro Adjust,
Default setting
Refer to Figure 1-1 on the next page for an exterior view of the FX-2170.
❊ Roll paper is not available on all models, and not available in the U.S.
Rev.A
1-1
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
Figure 1-1 Exterior View of the FX-2170
1-2
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.1.2. Accessories
• Items included in the printer carton
Table 1-1 Items Included with the Printer
Enclosed Items
Quantity
User’s guide
1
Driver diskette
1
Ribbon cartridge
1
Power cord
1
• Consumables
Table 1-2 Consumables
Consumable Item
Part Number
Ribbon cartridge
S015085
Ribbon pack
S010032
• Options
Table 1-3 Optional Units
Unit
Description
High-capacity cut sheet feeder 1 (bin 1)
C80673*
Second bin cut sheet feeder 2 (bin 2)
C80674*
Pull tractor unit
C80032*
Roll paper holder
#8310
Serial I/F card
C82305* / C82306*
32KB intelligent serial I/F card
C82307* / C82308*
32KB intelligent parallel I/F card
C82310* / C82311*
Local Talk I/F card
C82312*
32KB IEEE-488 I/F card
C82313*
Coax I/F card
C82314*
Twinax I/F card
C82315*
Ethernet I/F card
C82331*
* The number represented by an asterisk varies, depending on the country.
Rev.A
1-3
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.2 Hardware Specifications
This section provides detailed hardware specifications for the FX-2170.
1.2.1 Printing Method
Printing method
Impact dot matrix
Color
Black
Number of pins
18 pins
Pin arrangement
9×2
Pin diameter
0.29 mm (0.0114 inch)
2.822 mm
(8/72")
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
#10
#11
#12
#13
#14
#15
#16
#17
#18
0.353 mm
(1/72’’)
Head Center
0.847 mm
(1/30’’)
Figure 1-2 Pin Configuration
❇ The figure above shows the configuration of pins on the paper.
Print direction
1-4
Bidirectional, with logic seeking for text, and unidirectional for graphics.
(Bidirectional printing of graphics can be selected with a printer setting or
software command.)
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.2.2 Printing Specifications
Copy capability
1 original + 5 copies
Print speed and printable columns
Table 1-4 Print Speed and Printable Columns
Print Speed (cps)
Print Mode
High-speed draft
Draft
Draft condensed
Draft emphasized
NLQ
Character Pitch
Printable Columns
Normal
Multipart
10 cpi
136
440
293
10 cpi
136
330
220
12 cpi
163
396
264
15 cpi
204
330
188
17 cpi
233
283
189
20 cpi
272
330
220
10 cpi
136
165
110
10 cpi
136
66
44
12 cpi
163
79
53
15 cpi
204
66
25
Resolution
Table 1-5 Print Resolution
Print Mode
Horizontal Density
High-speed draft
90 dpi
72 dpi
No
Draft
120 dpi
72 dpi
No
Draft condensed
240 dpi
72 dpi
No
Draft emphasized
120 dpi
72 dpi
Yes
NLQ
240 dpi
144 dpi
No
60, 72, 80, 90, or 120 dpi
72 dpi
Yes
120 or 240 dpi
72 dpi
No
Bit image
Acoustic noise
Rev.A
Vertical Density Adjacent Dot Printed?
55 dB (A), ISO 7779 pattern
1-5
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.2.3 Paper Handling Specifications
Feeding method
Friction feed
Push tractor feed
Push and pull feed
(front, rear)
(front, rear)
(front, rear, bottom)
Feeder
Front push tractor, rear push tractor, CSF bin 1 /bin 2 (optional)
tractor (optional) and roll paper holder (optional)
Paper path
Manual insertion
CSF
Tractor
Line spacing
1/6 inch or programmable in increments of 1/216 inch.
Feed speed
Continuous feed
Front or rear in, top out
Rear in, top out
Front, rear, or bottom in, top out
1/6 inch feed
0.1027 m /sec ( 5.0 inches/sec)
Release lever
Pull
47 msec
Set the release lever, using the following table.
Table 1-6 Paper Path and Paper Types
Paper Types
Lever
Position
Friction
Front
tractor
Rear
tractor
Full
release
❇
1-6
Paper Entrance
Single Sheet
Labels
Card Stock /
Envelopes
Multipart
Roll Paper
Front insertion
OK
NO
OK ❇
OK
NO
Rear insertion
OK
NO
OK
OK
NO
CSF bin 1
OK
NO
OK
OK
NO
CSF bin 2
OK
NO
NO
NO
NO
Roll paper holder
NO
NO
NO
NO
OK
Push
OK
OK ❇
NO
OK
NO
Push-pull
OK
OK ❇
NO
OK
NO
Push
OK
OK ❇
NO
OK
NO
Push-pull
OK
OK ❇
NO
OK
NO
Pull (front bottom)
OK
OK
NO
OK
NO
Pull (rear)
OK
OK ❇
NO
OK
NO
This symbol after “OK” means you need to check the paper type before using it with this paper
path.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Paper thickness lever
Product Description
Set the paper thickness lever to the appropriate position, as
indicated in the following table.
Table 1-7 Paper Thickness Lever Positions
Paper Thickness ( inches)
Paper Thickness (mm)
Lever Position
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
0
0.0024
0.0043
0.06
0.11
1
0.0043
0.0067
0.11
0.17
2
0.0070
0.0075
0.18
0.19
3
0.0079
0.0098
0.20
0.25
4
0.0098
0.0122
0.25
0.31
5
0.0126
0.0150
0.32
0.38
6
0.0153
0.0181
0.39
0.46
———————— Precautions for Handling Paper ————————
1. Friction feed
Set the release lever to the FRICTION position and install the paper eject assembly
Load paper from the front or top entrance.
not use continuous paper.
perform any reverse paper feeds within the top 8.5 mm (0.33 inch) and bottom 22 mm
(0.87 inch) area.
Do not perform reverse feeds greater than 1/6 inch after the paper end has been detected.
Use the paper-tension unit.
Insert the multipart cut sheet forms only from the front.
Do
Do not
2. Push tractor feed
Set the release lever to the REAR PUSH/FRONT PUSH position and install the paper eject
assembly.
Load paper from the rear or front entrance.
Release the friction feed mechanism.
Multipart paper must be carbonless.
the paper-tension unit.
perform reverse feeds greater than 1/6 inch.
perform reverse feeds after the paper end has been detected, because accuracy of
paper feeding cannot be assured.
Use
Do not
Do not
3. Pull tractor feed
Set the release lever to the PULL position.
Load paper from the front, rear, or bottom entrance.
front or bottom entrance is recommended for thick paper or labels.)
Remove the paper eject assembly and attach the pull tractor unit.
Insert paper from either from the front or bottom.
Multipart paper must be carbonless.
not perform reverse feeds.
Rev.A
(The
Do
1-7
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
4. Push-pull tractor feed
Set the release lever to the REAR PUSH/FRONT PUSH position.
Load paper from the front or rear entrance.
the paper eject assembly and attach the pull tractor unit.
any slack in the paper between the platen and pull tractor.
horizontal position of the pull tractor and push tractor.
carbonless.
greater than 1/6 inch.
after the paper end has been detected.
Remove
Remove
Precisely adjust the
Multipart paper must be
Do not perform reverse feeds
Do not perform reverse feeds
1.2.4 Paper Specifications
This section describes the printable area and types of paper that can be used in this printer.
Cut Sheets
Paper/ media specifications
The following table shows specifications for cut sheets.
Table 1-8 Specifications for Cut Sheets (Single Sheet, Not Multipart)
Front Entry
Rear Entry
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Width
101 mm (4.0")
420 mm (16.5")
101 mm (4.0")
420 mm (16.5")
Length
147 mm (5.8")
420 mm (16.5")
101 mm (4.0")
420 mm (16.5")
0.065 mm(0.0025")
0.14 mm (0.0055")
0.065 mm(0.0025")
0.14 mm (0.0055")
52.3 g/m2 (14 lb)
90 g/m2 (24 lb)
52.3 g/m2 (14 lb)
90 g/m2 (24 lb)
Thickness
Weight
Quality
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
Table 1-9 Specifications for Cut Sheets (Multipart)
Front Entry
Rear Entry
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Width
101 mm (4.0")
420 mm (16.5")
101 mm (4.0")
420 mm (16.5")
Length
147 mm (5.8")
420 mm (16.5")
101 mm(4.0")
420 mm (16.5")
Copies
1 original + 5 copies
Total
thickness
0.12 mm (0.0047")
Weight ❇
40 g/m2 (12 lb)
0.46 mm (0.018")
58 g/m2 (15 lb)
1 original + 5 copies
0.12 mm (0.0047")
40 g/m2 (12 lb)
0.46 mm (0.018")
58 g/m2 (15 lb)
Quality
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
Binding
A line of glue at the top or one side of the
form.
A line of glue at the top of the form.
❇ This weight is for one sheet of the multipart form.
1-8
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Printable area
Product Description
Figure 1-3 shows the printable area for cut sheets. The table
below defines the abbreviations used in the figure.
Table 1-10 Printable Area for Cut Sheets
Abbreviations
Single Sheet
Multipart
PW (width)
Refer to Table 1-8.
Refer to Table 1-9.
PL (length)
Refer to Table 1-8.
Refer to Table 1-9.
LM (left margin)
3 mm (0.12") or more
(PW ≤ 364 mm (14.33"))
25 mm (0.98") or more
(PW = 420 mm (16.5"))
3 mm (0.12") or more
(PW ≤ 364 mm (14.33"))
25 mm (0.98") or more
(PW = 420 mm (16.5"))
RM (right margin)
3 mm or more
(PW ≤ 364 mm (14.33"))
25 mm (0.98") or more
(PW = 420 mm (16.5"))
3 mm or more
(PW ≤ 364 mm (14.33"))
25 mm (0.98") or more
(PW = 420 mm (16.5"))
TM (top margin)
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
BM (bottom margin)
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
PW
LM
RM
TM
Printable area
PL
BM
Figure 1-3 Printable Area for Cut Sheets
Rev.A
1-9
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
Envelopes and Card Stock
Paper/media specifications
The following tables gives specifications for envelopes and card stock.
Table 1-11 Specifications for Envelopes
Front Entry
Minimum
Rear Entry
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
No. 6
envelopes
Width
—-
166 mm (6.5")
Length
—-
92 mm (3.6")
No. 10
envelopes
Width
—-
240 mm (9.5")
Length
—-
104 mm (4.1")
Total thickness
——
——
——
0.52 mm (0.020")
Differences in thickness in the printable
area must be within 0.25 mm (0.0098").
——
Weight
0.16 mm (0.0063")
——
Quality
45 g/m2 (12 lb)
91 g/m2 (24 lb)
Bond paper, plain paper, or airmail.
No glue at the flap.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
——
❇ Printing on envelopes is available only at normal temperatures and humidity.
❇ Insert envelopes from the rear entrance only.
❇ Insert the longer side of the envelope horizontally.
Table 1-12 Specifications for Card Stock
Front Entry
Rear Entry
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Width
105 mm (4.13")
148 mm (5.83")
105 mm (4.13")
148 mm (5.83")
Length
148 mm (5.83")
148 mm (5.83")
105 mm (4.13")
148 mm (5.83")
Thickness
Weight
Quality
0.22 mm (0.0087")
0.22 mm (0.0087")
192 g/m2 (51 lb)
192 g/m2 (51 lb)
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
❇ Printing on card stock is available only at normal temperatures and humidity.
❇ When the longer side of an A6 card is to be inserted horizontally, insert it from the rear entrance.
1-10
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Printable area
Product Description
The figure below shows the printable area for envelopes and card stock.
Each abbreviation is defined in the following table.
Table 1-13 Printable Area for Envelopes and Card Stock
Abbreviations
Envelopes
Card Stock
PW (width)
Refer to Table 1-11.
Refer to Table 1-12.
PL (length)
Refer to Table 1-11.
Refer to Table 1-12.
LM (left margin)
3 mm (0.12") or more
3 mm (0.12") or more
RM (right margin)
3 mm (0.12") or more
3 mm (0.12") or more
TM (top margin)
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
BM (bottom margin)
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
PW
LM
RM
TM
PL
Printable area
BM
PW
LM
RM
TM
PL
Printable area
BM
Figure 1-4 Printable Area for Envelopes and Card Stock
Rev.A
1-11
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
Continuous Paper
Paper/media specifications
The following table gives specifications continuous paper.
Table 1-14 Specifications for Continuous Paper (Single Sheet and Multipart)
Front Entry
Rear Entry
Bottom Entry
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Width
101 mm
(4.0")
406 mm
(16")
101 mm
(4.0")
406 mm
(16")
101 mm
(4.0")
406 mm
(16")
Length
101 mm
(4.0")
559 mm
(22")
101 mm
(4.0")
559 mm
(22")
101 mm
(4.0")
559 mm
(22")
Copies
1 original + 5 copies
1 original + 5 copies
1 original + 5 copies
Total thickness
0.065 mm
(0.0025")
0.46 mm
(0.018")
0.065 mm
(0.0025")
0.46 mm
(0.018")
0.065 mm
(0.0025")
0.46 mm
(0.018")
Weight
(not multipart)
52.3 g/m2
(14 lb)
82 g/m2
(22 lb)
52.3 g/m2
(14 lb)
82 g/m2
(22 lb)
52.3 g/m2
(14 lb)
82 g/m2
(22 lb)
40 g/m2
(12 lb)
58 g/m2
(15 lb)
40 g/m2
(12 lb)
58 g/m2
(15 lb)
40 g/m2
(12 lb)
58 g/m2
(15 lb)
Weight (one sheet
of a multipart form)
Types of paper
Plain paper.
Recycled paper.
Carbonless multipart.
Plain paper.
Recycled paper.
Carbonless multipart.
Plain paper.
Recycled paper.
Carbonless multipart.
Binding
Dots of glue or paper
staples (both sides).
Dots of glue or paper
staples (both sides).
Dots of glue or paper
staples (both sides).
1-12
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Printable area
Product Description
The figure below shows the printable area for continuous paper.
Each abbreviation is defined in the following table.
Table 1- 15 Printable Area for Continuous Paper
Abbreviations
Continuous Paper
PW (width)
Refer to Table 1-14.
PL (length)
Refer to Table 1-14.
LM (left margin)
13 mm (0.51") or more
RM (right margin)
13 mm (0.51") or more
TM (top margin)
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
BM (bottom margin)
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
PW
RM
LM
TM
Printable area
PL
BM
Figure 1-5 Printable Area for Continuous Paper
Rev.A
1-13
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
Continuous Paper with Labels
Paper/media specifications
The following table gives the specifications for continuous paper with
labels.
Table 1-16 Specifications for Continuous Paper with Labels
Front Entry
Minimum
Label size
Rear Entry
Maximum
Minimum
See the figure below
Bottom Entry
Maximum
—-
Minimum
Maximum
See the figure below
Base sheet width
101 mm
(4.0")
406 mm
(16")
—-
—-
101 mm
(4.0")
406 mm
(16")
Base sheet length
(one page)
101 mm
(4.0")
559 mm
(22")
—-
—-
101 mm
(4.0")
559 mm
(22")
Base sheet thickness
0.07 mm
(0,0028")
0.09 mm
(0.00352)
—-
—-
0.16 mm
(0.0063")
0.19 mm
(0.0075")
Total thickness
0.16 mm
(0.0063")
0.19 mm
(0.0075")
—-
—-
0.16 mm
(0.0063")
0.19 mm
(0.0075")
68 g/m2 (17 lb)
Label weight
Quality
Avery continuous
form labels
Avery mini-line or
equivalent quality
labels
—-
68 g/m2 (17 lb)
—-
Avery continuous
form labels
Avery mini-line or
equivalent quality
labels
❇ Printing on labels is available only at normal temperatures and humidity.
❇ The base sheet for the labels must be continuous paper.
❇ Continuous paper with labels should be inserted from the front or bottom entrance.
2.5inch (63.5mm) min.
15/16inch
(23.8mm)
min.
Label
R0.1inch (2.5mm) min.
Figure 1-6 Label Size
Printable size and area
1-14
The figure above is the printable size for the labels.
The printable area for the base sheet containing the labels
depends on conditions in Figure 1-5 and Table 1-15.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
Roll Paper
Note:
Roll paper is not available in all models, and not available in the U.S.
Paper/media specifications
The following table shows specifications for roll paper.
Table 1-17 Specifications for Roll Paper
Front Entry
Minimum
Rear Entry
Maximum
Minimum
Maximum
Width
——
216 mm (8.5")
Length
——
——
Thickness
——
——
0.07 mm (0.0028")
0.09 mm (0.0035")
Weight
——
——
52.3 g/m2 (14 lb)
82 g/m2 (22 lb)
Quality
Plain paper, recycled paper.
Not curled, folded, or crumpled.
——
Printable area
Figure 1-7 gives the printable area for roll paper.
Each abbreviation is defined in the following table.
Table 1-18 Printable Area for Roll Paper
Abbreviations
Roll Paper
PW (width)
See Table 1-17.
PL (length)
See Table 1-17.
LM
3 mm (0.12") or more
RM
3 mm (0.12") or more
TM
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
BM
4.2 mm (0.17") or more
PW
LM
TM
Printable area
PL
BM
Figure 1-7 Printable Area for Roll Paper
Rev.A
1-15
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.2.5 Ribbon Specifications
Table 1-19 Statistics on the Ribbon
Item
Specification
Type
Fabric
Color
Black
Ribbon life
12 million characters (draft, 10 cpi, 14 dots/ character)
Dimension
506.0 mm (W) × 123.5 mm (D) × 23.0 mm (H)
19.92" (W) x 4.86" (D) x .91" (H)
1.2.6 Electrical Specifications
Tables 1-20 and 1-21 provide statistics on electrical ratings and consumption.
Table 1-20 Electrical Specifications for the 120 V Version
Item
Specifications
Rated voltage
120 VAC
Input voltage range
103.5 to 132 VAC
Rated frequency range
50 to 60 Hz
Input frequency range
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
Rated current
1.0 A (max. 1.8 A)
Power consumption
Approx. 60 W (self-test in draft mode at 10 cpi)
Insulation resistance
10 MΩ min. (between AC line and chassis, 500 VDC)
Dielectric strength
1000 VAC rms. 1 min. or
1200 VAC rms. 1 sec. (between AC line and chassis)
Table 1-21 Electrical Specifications for the 220/240 V Version
Item
1-16
Specifications
Rated voltage
220 to 240 VAC
Input voltage range
198 to 264 VAC
Rated frequency range
50 to 60 Hz
Input frequency range
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
Rated current
0.5 A (maximum 0.9 A)
Power consumption
Approx. 60 W (self-test in draft mode at 10 cpi)
Insulation resistance
10 MΩ min. (between AC line and chassis, 500 VDC)
Dielectric strength
1500 VAC rms. 1 min. (between AC line and chassis)
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.2.7 Environmental Conditions
Table 1-22 explains the conditions the printer requires during operation and when not operating.
Table 1-22 Environmental Requirements
Item
Specifications
Temperature
5 to 35° C/41 to 95° F ( operating ❇ 1)
15 to 25° C/59 to 77° F (operating ❇ 1, ❇ 2)
ä30 to 60° C/–22 to 140° F (non-operating)
Humidity
10 to 80 % RH (operating ❇ 1)
30 to 60 % RH (operating ❇ 1, ❇ 2)
0 to 85 % RH (non-operating ❇ 1)
Resistance to shock
1 G, within 1 ms (operating)
2 G, within 2 ms (non-operating ❇ 3)
Resistance to vibration
0.25 G, 10 to 55 Hz (operating )
0.50 G, 10 to 55 Hz (non-operating ❇ 3)
❇ 1: Without condensation.
❇ 2: During printing on multipart paper, envelopes, card stock, or labels.
❇ 3: In shipment container.
1.2.8 Reliability
Table 1-23 gives maximum life and usage specifications.
Table 1-23 Reliability Statistics
Item
Specification
Total print volume
7.5 million lines (except printhead)
MTBF
6000 power on hours (POH)
Printhead life
400 million strokes / wire
Ribbon life
8 million characters
1.2.9 Safety Approvals
Table 1-24 provides information about the safety approvals the printer has met.
Table 1-24 Safety Information for Printer Models
120 V
230 V
Safety Standards
UL1950 with D3
CSA C22.2 No,950 with D3
EN60950 (TüV. SEMKO,
DEMKO, NEMKO, FIMKO )
EMI
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
CSA C108.8
EN55022 (CISPR pub.22)
class B
Rev.A
1-17
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.2.10 CE Marking
The following table lists CE marking information.
Table 1-25 CE Marking
Low Voltage Directive 73/23 / EEC
EN60950
EMC Directive 89/336 / EEC
EN55022 class B
EN50082-1 , IEC801-2
IEC801-3 , IEC801-4
Non-Automatic Weighing Instruments Directive 90/384/EEC
EN45501
1.2.11 Physical Specifications
Table 1-26 provides printer dimensions and weight.
Table 1-26 Physical Specifications
Dimensions
639 mm (W) × 410 mm (D) × 257 mm (H)
25.16" (W) x 16.14" (D) x 10.12" (H)
Weight
Approx. 13 kg (28.66 lb)
1.2.12 Cut Sheet Feeder Specifications
This printer has two CSF options: a high-capacity CSF and a 2nd bin CSF. The high-capacity CSF has
special a paper-feed motor to load the paper quickly. The 2nd bin CSF can be connected to the high-capacity
CSF to allow them to be used as a double bin CSF. The following table provides the specifications for these
CSF options.
Hopper capacity
Table 1-27 Hopper Capacity
CSF Bin 1
Single sheets
150 sheets (❇ 1) / 110 sheets (❇ 2)
185 sheets (❇ 3) / 135 sheets (❇ 4)
CSF Bin 2
50 sheets (❇ 1) / 50 sheets (❇ 2)
60 sheets (❇ 3) / 60 sheets (❇ 4)
Envelopes
25 sheets (❇ 5)
30 sheets (❇ 6)
—-
Card stock
50 sheets (❇ 7)
—-
Multipart paper
40 sheets (❇ 8)
—-
❇ 1 : Plain paper (weight: 82 g/m2 , 22 lb) or recycled paper, except for A3-size paper.
❇ 2 : Plain paper (weight: 82 g/m2 , 22 lb) or recycled paper, A3 paper.
❇ 3 : Plain paper (weight: 64 g/m2 , 17 lb) , except for A3 paper.
❇ 4 : Plain paper (weight: 64 g/m2 , 17 lb), A3 paper.
❇ 5 : Envelopes (weight: 91 g/m2, 24 lb)
❇ 6 : Envelopes (weight: 45 g/m2, 12 lb)
❇ 7 : Card stock (weight: 192 g/m2, 51 lb; thickness: 0.22 mm, 0.0087")
❇ 8 : 1 original + 5 copies (thickness: 0.36 mm, 0.0142")
1-18
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
Stacker capacity
Table 1-28 Capacity of the Stacker
CSF Bin 1
CSF Bin 2
Single sheets
140 sheets (❇ 1)
100 sheets (❇ 2)
——-
Envelopes
15 sheets (❇ 3)
28 sheets (❇ 4)
——-
Card stock
30 sheets (❇ 5)
——-
Multipart
36 sheets (❇ 6)
——-
❇ 1:
❇ 2:
❇ 3:
❇ 4:
❇ 5:
❇ 6:
Single sheets (weight: 82 g/m2, 22 lb), except for A3 paper
Single sheets (weight: 82 g/m2, 22 lb), A3 paper
Envelopes (weight: 91 g/m2, 24 lb)
Envelopes (weight: 45 g/m2, 12 lb)
Card stock (weight : 192 g/m2, 51 lb; thickness: 0.22 mm, 0.0087")
1 original + 5 copies (thickness: 0.36 mm, 0.0142")
Reliability
MCBF:
2 × 105 cycles
Environmental conditions
Table 1-29 Environmental Conditions
Temperature
Humidity
Operating
Non Operating
5 to 35° C (41 to 95° F)
–30 to 60° C (–22 to 140° F)
15 to 80% RH (❇ 1, ❇ 3)
30 to 605 RH (❇ 2, ❇ 4)
5 to 85% RH (❇ 3)
❇ 1: Single sheets (plain, 64 g/m2 < weight < 82 g/m2 ;/17 lb < weight < 22 lb)
❇ 2: Single sheets (plain, weight < 64 g/m2
, 82 g/m2 < weight/weight < 17 lb, 22 lb < weight)
Single sheets (recycled), multipart, envelopes, and card stock
❇ 3: Without condensation
Rev.A
1-19
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.3 Firmware Specifications
This section provides detailed information about FX-2170 firmware.
1.3.1 Control Codes and Fonts
Control codes
ESC/P and IBM 2380/2381 plus emulations.
Typefaces
Bitmap fonts
EPSON Draft
EPSON Roman
EPSON Sans Serif
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15 cpi
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15 cpi, proportional
10 cpi, 12 cpi, 15 cpi, proportional
Bar code fonts
EAN-13, EAN-8, Interleaved 2 of 5, UPC-A, UPC-E, Code 39
Code 128, POSTNET
International character sets
13 countries
U.S.A., France, Germany, U.K., Denmark 1, Sweden, Italy,
Spain 1, Japan, Norway, Denmark2, Spain2, Latin America
Character tables
The standard version has 11 character tables and the NLSP version has 19
character tables, as shown in the following table.
Table 1-30 Character Tables
Version
Standard Version
Character Tables
Italic
PC-437
(U.S., Standard
Europe)
PC-850 (Multilingual)
PC-860
(Portuguese)
PC-861
(Icelandic)
PC- 863
PC-865 (Nordic)
Abicomp
BRASCII
Roman 8
ISO Latin 1
(Canadian-French)
PC- 437
Standard Europe)
PC-850 (Multilingual)
PC-437 Greek
PC-852 (East Europe)
PC-853 (Turkish)
PC-855 (Cyrillic)
PC-857 (Turkish)
PC-866 (Russian)
PC-869 (Greek)
MAZOWAI (Poland)
Code MJK (CSFR)
ISO 8859-7
(Latin/Greek)
ISO Latin 1T (Turkish)
Bulgaria (Bulgarian)
Estonia (Estonia)
PC-744
(LST 1283:1993)
ISO Latin 2
Italic
(US,
NLSP Version
PC-866 LAT (Latvia)
1-20
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.3.2 Interface Specifications
This printer provides a bidirectional 8-bit parallel interface and a Type B optional interface slot, standard.
1.3.2.1 Parallel Interface (Forward Channel)
Transmission mode
8-bit parallel, IEEE-P1284, compatibility mode
Adaptable connector
57-30360 (Amphenol) or equivalent
Synchronization
STROBE pulse
Handshaking
BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level
TTL compatible (IEEE-P1284 level 1 device)
Table 1-31 Pin Assignments for Forward Channel
Pin
No.
Signal
Name
Return
GND pin
In /Out
Function Description
1
STROBE
19
In
Strobe pulse. Input data is latched at falling edge of the signal
2
DATA1
20
In
Parallel input data to the printer
3
DATA2
21
In
bit 1
4
DATA3
22
In
bit 2
5
DATA4
23
In
bit 3
6
DATA5
24
In
bit 4
7
DATA6
25
In
bit 5
8
DATA7
26
In
bit 6
9
DATA8
27
In
bit 7: MSB
10
ACKNLG
28
Out
This signal (negative pulse) indicates the printer has received
data and is ready to accept more data.
11
BUSY
29
Out
This signal’s HIGH level means the printer is not ready to
accept data.
12
PE
28
Out
This signal’s HIGH level means the printer has a paper-out
error.
13
SLCT
28
Out
Always HIGH when the printer is powered on.
14
AFXT
30
In
Not used.
31
INIT
30
In
This signal’s negative pulse initializes printer.
32
ERROR
29
Out
36
SLIN
30
In
18
Logic H
——
Out
This line is pulled up to + 5 V through 3.3KΩ resistor.
35
+5V
——
Out
This line is pulled up to +5 V through 3.3KΩ resistor.
17
Chassis
——
——
Chassis GND.
16, 33,
19-30
GND
——
——
15, 34
NC
——
——
Rev.A
bit 0: LSB
This signal’s LOW level means the printer is in an error state.
Not used.
Signal GND.
Not connected.
1-21
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
DATA
data byte n+1
data byte n
t h old
STROBE
tsetup
tstb
tnext
BUSY
tready
tb u s y
ACKNLG
trep ly
tack
tn b u s y
Figure 1-8 Data Transmission Timing
Table 1-32 Maximum and Minimum Timings for Data Transmission
Parameter
Minimum
Maximum
setup
500 nsec
——-
thold
500 nsec
——-
t stb
500 nsec
——-
tready
0
——-
tbusy
——
500 nsec
treply
——
——-
tack
500 nsec
10 µs
tnbusy
0
——-
tnext
0
——-
ttout
——
120 nsec
ttin
——
200 nsec
❒ The BUSY signal is active (HIGH level) under the conditions below:
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
During data receipt.
If the input buffer is full.
If the INIT signal is active (LOW level).
During hardware initialization.
In self-test mode.
In adjustment mode.
In default-setting mode.
❒ The ERROR signal is active (LOW level) under the conditions below:
❒
❒
❒
If there is a fatal error.
If there is a paper-out error.
If the cover is open (cover open error).
PE signal is active (HIGH level) under the conditions below:
❒
1-22
If there is a paper-out error.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.3.2.2 Parallel Interface (Reverse Channel)
Transmission mode
IEEE-P1284 nibble mode
Adaptable connector
57-30360 (Amphenol) or equivalent
Synchronization
Refer to the IEEE-P1284 Specification
Handshaking
Refer to the IEEE-P1284 Specification
Signal level
TTL-compatible (IEEE-P1284 level 1 device)
Data transmission timing
Refer to the specification
Table 1-33 Pin Assignments for Reverse Channel
Pin
No,
Signal
Name
1
HostClk
19
In
2
DATA1
20
In
3
DATA2
21
In
bit 1
4
DATA3
22
In
bit 2
5
DATA4
23
In
bit 3
6
DATA5
24
In
bit 4
7
DATA6
25
In
bit 5
8
DATA7
26
In
bit 6
9
DATA8
27
In
bit 7: MSB
10
PtrClk
28
Out
Printer clock signal.
11
PtrBusy /
DataBit-3, 7
29
Out
Printer busy signal and reverse channel transfer of data
bits 3 or 7
12
AckDataReq/
DataBit-2, 6
28
Out
Acknowledge data request signal and reverse channel
transfer of data bits 2 or 6
13
Xflag /
DataBit-1, 5
28
Out
X-flag signal and reverse channel transfer of data bits 1
or 5
14
HostBusy
30
In
Host busy signal.
31
INIT
30
In
Not used.
32
DataAvail /
DataBit-0, 4
29
Out
Data available signal and reverse channel transfer of
data bits 0 or 4
36
1284-Active
30
In
1284 active signal.
18
Logic H
——
Out
This line is pulled up to + 5 V through 3.3K Ω resistor.
35
+5 V
——
Out
This line is pulled up to +5 V through 3.3K Ω resistor.
17
Chassis
——
——
Chassis GND.
16, 33,
19-30
GND
——
——
Signal GND.
15, 34
NC
——
——
Not connected.
Rev.A
Return GND In /Out
Pin
Function Description
Host clock signal.
Parallel input data to the printer
bit 0: LSB
1-23
Product Description
• Extensibility request
• Device ID
FX-2170 Service Manual
The printer responds to the extensibility request in the affirmative, when
the request is 00 H or 04 H, which means:
00 H
Request nibble mode of reverse channel transfer.
04 H
Request device ID in nibble mode of reverse channel transfer.
Refer to the following descriptions:
ESC/P
[00 H][31 H] .......... MFG: EPSON, CMD: ESC/P9-84, MDL: FX-2170, CLS: PRINTER
IBM 2381 Plus
[00 H][32 H] .......... MGF: EPSON, CMD: PRPII9-01, MDL: FX-2170, CLS: PRINTER
1.3.2.3 Interface Selection
The printer has 2 interfaces: the parallel interface and Type B optional interface. These interfaces are selected
manually in default setting mode or selected automatically.
Manual selection
One of 2 interfaces can be selected in default setting mode.
Automatic selection
Automatic interface is enabled in default setting mode. In automatic interface mode, the printer is initialized
to the idle state, where it scans which interface is to be activated. The interface that receives data first is
selected. When the host stops data transfer, and the printer is in standby for a number of seconds specified in
default setting mode, the printer returns to the idle state. As long as the host sends data or the printer interface
is busy, the selected interface remains active.
Interface state and interface selection
When the parallel interface is not selected, that interface goes into a busy state. When the Type B serial
interface card is installed and it is not selected, the interface sends an XOFF code and sets the DTR signal to
MARK. When the optional interface is not selected, the printer sends disable commands to the optional
interface. When the printer is initialized or returned to the idle state, the parallel interface goes into the ready
state, the serial interface sends an XON code and sets the DTR signal to SPACE, and the printer sends an
enable command to the optional interface. Remember that interrupt signals, such as the INIT signal on the
parallel interface, are not effective unless that interface is selected.
1.3.2.4 Prevention Hosts from Data Transfer Time-out
Generally, hosts abandon data transfer to peripherals when the peripheral is in the busy state for dozens of
seconds continuously. To prevent hosts from this kind of time-out, the printer receives data very slowly,
several bytes per minute, even if the printer is in the busy state. This slowdown is started when the rest of the
input buffer becomes several hundreds of bytes. Finally, when the input buffer is full, the printer is in busy
continuously.
1-24
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.3.3 Paper Handling Sequence
In this section, paper handling firmware sequences are described in several cases.
• Printer status
Printer is on line (not in the pause state).
No PE sensor detects that paper is loaded.
The release lever position is set to continuous paper.
Table 1-34 Paper Handling Sequence 1
Occurrence
Result
Print command sent
Continuous paper is loaded.
Pause button pressed
Printer enters pause state.
LF/FF button pressed
Continuous paper is loaded.
Load/Eject button pressed
Continuous paper is loaded.
Micro Adjust ↑ button pressed
No operation.
Micro Adjust ↓ button pressed
No operation.
Release lever set to Friction
The paper path is changed for cut sheets.
• Printer status
The rear PE sensor detects that paper is loaded in the rear paper path.
The release lever is set to continuous paper.
Table 1-35 Paper Handling Sequence 2
Occurrence
Result
Pause button pressed
The printer goes off or on line.
LF/FF button pressed
The printer performs a line feed.
LF/FF button held down continuously
The printer performs a form feed after the line
feed.
Load / Eject button pressed
Paper is ejected to the rear paper park position.
Load /Eject button pressed and paper
Paper is advanced to the next TOF position.
advanced to skip area
Micro Adjust ↑ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper forward.
Micro Adjust ↓ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper backward.
Release lever set to Friction
The beeper sounds.
Front paper end sensor detects that paper is
loaded in the front paper path.
The beeper sounds.
Rev.A
1-25
Product Description
• Printer status
FX-2170 Service Manual
The front PE sensor detects that paper is loaded in the front paper path.
The release lever is set to continuous paper
Table 1-36 Paper Handling Sequence 3
Occurrence
Result
PAUSE button pressed
Printer goes off or on line.
LF/FF button pressed
Printer performs a line feed.
LF/FF button held down continuously
The printer performs a form feed after the line
feed.
Load / Eject button pressed
Paper is ejected to the front paper park position
Load /Eject button pressed and the paper was
Paper is advanced to the next TOF position.
advanced to skip area
Micro Adjust ↑ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper forward.
Micro Adjust ↓ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper backward.
Release lever was set to Friction
The beeper sounds.
Front paper end sensor detects that paper was
loaded in the rear paper path.
The beeper sounds.
• Printer status
Printer is on line ( not in the pause state).
No PE sensor detects that paper is loaded. ( The printer is set to CSF .)
The release lever is set to the Friction.
Table 1-37 Paper Handling Sequence 4
Occurrence
Result
Print command sent
The paper is loaded from the CSF.
Pause button pressed
Printer goes off line.
LF/FF button pressed
Paper is loaded from the CSF.
Load / Eject button pressed
Paper is loaded from the CSF.
Micro Adjust ↑ button pressed
No operation.
Micro Adjust ↓ button pressed
No operation.
Release lever set to tractor position
The paper path is changed to tractor.
Rear/ Front paper end sensor detects that
paper is loaded in the rear or front paper path.
And, 3 seconds have passed.
The printer feeds paper.
Rear/ Front paper end sensor detects that
paper is loaded in the rear or front paper path.
And, Pause, LF/FF, or LOAD/EJECT button
was pressed.
Ignored.
1-26
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
• Printer status
Product Description
The rear PE sensor detects that paper is loaded in the rear paper path.
Release lever position is set to Friction.
Table 1-38 Paper Handling Sequence 5
Occurrence
Result
Pause button pressed
Printer goes on or off line.
LF/FF button pressed
Printer performs a line feed.
LF/FF button held down continuously
Printer ejects paper forward after the line feed
(except with roll paper).
The printer performs a form feed after the line
feed (roll paper).
LF / FF button pressed, and paper is advanced
over the logical paper length.
Paper is ejected forward (except with roll paper).
The printer performs a form feed (roll paper).
Load /Eject button pressed
Paper is ejected forward (except with roll paper).
The printer performs a form feed (roll paper).
Micro Adjust ↑ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper forward.
Micro Adjust ↓ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper backward.
Release lever set to the tractor position
The beeper sounds.
Front paper end sensor detects that paper was
loaded in the rear paper path.
The beeper sounds.
• Printer status
Front PE sensor detects that paper is loaded in the rear paper path
The release lever position is set to Friction.
Table 1-39 Paper Handling Sequence 6
Trigger
Result
Pause button pressed
Printer goes on or off line.
LF/FF button pressed
Printer performs a line feed.
LF/FF button held down continuously
Paper is ejected forward after the line feed.
LF / FF button pressed, and paper advanced
The paper is ejected forward.
more than the logical paper length.
Load /Eject button pressed
The paper is ejected forward.
Micro Adjust ↑ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper forward.
Micro Adjust ↓ button pressed
The printer micro feeds paper backward.
Release lever set to tractor position
The beeper sounds.
Front paper end sensor detects that paper was
loaded on the rear paper path.
The beeper sounds.
Rev.A
1-27
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.3.4. Paper Width (PW) Sensor Operation
The PW sensor is mounted on the ribbon mask holder to measure the paper width and detect the top
edge of the paper. However, in cases where print data is over the paper width, the image cut function
does not operate in all modes. This section describes when the image cut function is operational, as
shown in the following table.
Table 1-40 PW Sensor Operation
Paper Path
Paper Width Measurement
Image Cut Function
Friction
Measured
Executed (Only Copy Mode 2)
Push Tractor (Rear / Front)
Measured
Not Executed ❇ 1
Pull Tractor
Measured
Not Executed ❇ 1
❇ 1:
1-28
The measured paper width value is used to estimate the printhead centering position.
When narrow continuous paper (fewer than 30 columns) is loaded, the printer changes the
centering position to the proper position, based on the measured paper width.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.4 Operating Instructions
This section provides detailed information about the FX-2170 control panel buttons and LEDs.
1.4.1 Control Panel Operations
The printer control panel contains 6 non-lock type pushbuttons and 9 LEDs for various printer functions. The
exterior view of the control panel is shown in the following figure.
Font
Pitch
Tear Off / Bin
Paper Out
Pause
Operate
Micro Adjust
LF/ FF
Font
Pitch
Sans Serif
Load / Eject
Tear Off / Bin
10 cpi
12 cpi
15 cpi
17 cpi
20 cpi
PS
Draft
Roman
3 sec
Tear Off
Bin 1
Bin 2
Card
LED Off
LED On
LED Blinks
Figure 1-9 Control Panel
Operation in normal mode
In normal mode, pressing panel buttons executes following functions:
Table 1-41 Operation in Normal Mode
Buttons and
Switches
Operation
Pause
Load / Eject
LF / FF
Tear Off / Bin
Rev.A
Function
Turns the printer on and off.
Alternates printing and non-printing states.
Enables the micro adjust function, when held down for 3 seconds.
Loads or ejects paper
Micro feeds forward, when that function is enabled.
Line feed, when pressed briefly.
Form feeds, when held down for a few seconds.
Micro feeds backward, when that function is enabled.
Advances continuous paper to the tear-off position.
Selects CSF bin 1 / 2 or card mode.
Font
Selects font.
Pitch
Selects pitch.
1-29
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operations at power on
Turning the printer on while pressing panel buttons executes the functions below:
Table 1-42 Operation at Power On
Button
Function
Load / Eject
LQ self-test
LF / FF
Draft self-test
Load / Eject and LF / FF
Pitch
Hexadecimal data dump
Default setting
Font and Tear Off / Bin
Clear EEPROM
Pause
Bi-d adjustment
Others
Not available
Operation in default setting mode
The buttons used in default setting mode are as follows:
Table 1-43 Operation at Default Setting Mode
Button
Function
Pitch
Selects the menu.
Tear Off / Bin
Others
Changes the setting
Not available
1.4.2 Status Codes Indicated by the LEDs and Beeper
Table 1-44 Indicators and Beeper
Pause
Paper Out
Tear Off /
Bin
Pitch
Font
Beeper
Pause
On
—-
—-
—-
—-
—-
Paper Out
On
On
—-
—-
—-
❍❍❍
Paper Jam
On
Blinks
—-
—-
—-
● ● ● ● ●
Head Hot
Blinks
—-
—-
—-
—-
—-
Cover Open
On
—-
—-
—-
—-
❍❍❍
Micro Adjust
Blinks
—-
—-
—-
—-
❍
Tear Off
—-
—-
---
---
m
Bin Selection
—-
—-
---
---
m
Pitch Selection
—-
—-
—-
---
m
Font Selection
—-
—-
—-
—-
Fatal Error
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
m
Blinks
● ● ● ● ●
❍ indicates the beeper sounds for 100 ms with an interval of 100 ms.
● indicates the beeper sounds for 500 ms with an interval of 100 ms.
— indicates that the LED or beeper is not used to indicate this status condition.
1-30
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.4.3 Micro Adjust Function
The micro adjust function lets you set the TOF and tear off positions. After the printer is put in this
mode, you can adjust the top of form (TOF) position up or down in increments of 1⁄216 inch by
pressing the LF/FF or Load/Eject button. The adjusted TOF position is saved to the EEPROM. If the
printer is turned off, the setting is not cleared. The function is operational in the printer under the
following conditions and within the following area:
Conditions required for the adjustment
The TOF position can be adjusted under the following conditions:
1. The data buffer is empty and the printer is on line.
2. Paper is at the TOF position.
3. The Pause button is held down more than 3 seconds to put the printer in micro adjust mode.
Adjustable area
Micro adjust positions can be set within the following range from the top edge of the page:
3 mm~ 8.5 mm , 8.5 mm ~ 2 87.9 mm
(0.12" ~ 0.33", 0.33" ~ 11.34" )
1.4.4 Tear Off Function
The tear off function advances continuous paper to the tear off position when the Tear Off / Bin button is
pressed. There are two modes for this function: auto tear off and manual tear off. The tear off mode can be
selected in the default setting mode. After the paper is torn off at the perforation, it is fed back to the TOF
position when any new print data is sent to the printer. The tear off position is saved in the EEPROM, and if
the printer is turned off, the setting is not cleared.
Conditions required for the adjustment
❇ Auto tear off function
❒
❒
❒
❒
Auto tear off has been set to ON in default setting mode.
The release lever has been set to Tractor.
The data buffer is empty, and the printer is on line.
More than 3 seconds have passed after the host computer finished transferring print data.
❇ Manual tear off function
❒
❒
❒
❒
Auto tear off has been set to OFF in default setting mode.
The release lever has been set to Tractor.
The data buffer is empty and the printer is on line, or the printer is off line.
The Tear Off button was pressed under all the conditions listed above.
Paper handling with the tear off position
Rev.A
❒
Pressing the Pause button with the printer off line feeds the paper back to the TOF
position for the next page and brings the printer back on line.
❒
Pressing the Pause button with the printer on line feeds the paper back to the TOF
position for the next page and takes the printer off line.
❒
Pressing the LF /FF button feeds the paper back to the TOF position for the next
page and executes a line feed.
❒
Pressing the Load /Eject button feeds the paper back to the TOF position for the next
page and ejects paper backward.
❒
Pressing the Pause button more than 3 seconds puts the printer in micro adjust mode,
where you can adjust the tear off position by pressing the LF /FF or Load/Eject button.
❒
If the printer is turned off while in the tear off mode, the tear off position is saved, and
paper is fed back to the TOF position for the next page by turning on the printer, again.
1-31
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.4.5 Self-test Function
Pressing the Load / Eject button while turning on the printer puts the printer in LQ self-test mode. Pressing
the LF/FF button while turning on the printer puts the printer in Draft self-test mode. You can stop the self-test
temporarily by pressing the Pause button, and you can exit the self-test mode by turning off the printer.
When pages are printed from the CSF, the first sheet is used for scaling the sheet length. Then, the maximum
number of printable lines is printed as the bottom line of the sheet and this number is saved in non-volatile
memory as the default page length. Page lengths are saved individually when a dual-bin CSF is in use.
The self-test prints out the following:
❒ The maximum number of printable lines (only on cut sheets from the CSF)
❒
The pattern of characters shown in the figure below.
Figure 1-10 Self-test Printout
1.4.6. Hexadecimal Dump Function
Pressing the Load /Eject and LF/FF buttons while turning on the printer puts the printer in hexadecimal
dump mode. In this mode, data received is printed out in hexadecimal format, along with the corresponding
ASCII characters. The function is useful to check data received from the host. If a received code is not a
printable ASCII character, the printer prints a period (.) in the ASCII column. When received data remains in
the buffer, that data is printed by pressing the Pause button.
Figure 1-11 Hexadecimal Printout
1-32
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.4.7 Default Setting Function
Pressing the Pitch button while turning on the printer puts the printer in default setting mode. Some default
printer settings can be changed in this operation. The method for setting defaults is described in the
instruction sheets, which are printed out immediately after you enter the mode. You are asked to use three
buttons (Font, Pitch, and Tear Off / Bin) and watch six LEDs (Pitch: 3 LEDs, Tear Off/Bin: 2 LEDs, and
Pause: 1 LED) on the control panel. Refer the instructions printed in default setting mode for the actual
method used to set defaults.
1.4.8 EEPROM Clear Function
Pressing the Font and Tear Off /Bin buttons while turning on the printer resets the EEPROM to the
standard factory settings. This operation initializes the items below to the factory settings in the right-hand
column.
Table 1-45 EEPROM Initialization Settings
Setting
Factory Default
Font
Roman
Pitch
10 CPI
Character Table
PC437
Page Format
( Tractor Rear / Front )
Page Length:
TOF Position:
Bottom Margin :
11 inches
8.5 mm (0.333 inches)
11 inches
Page Format
(Friction , CSF Bin 1 / Bin 2 ,
Manual Feed Rear / Front )
Page Length:
TOF Position:
Bottom Margin:
22 inch
8.5 mm (0.333 inch)
22 inches
Print Direction
Bi-d
Auto LF
Off
Auto Tear-Off
Off
1-inch Skip
Off
High Speed Draft
On
Input Buffer
On
BDC-ST Reply
On
I/F Selection
Auto I/F Mode
Auto I/F Wait Time
10 sec.
Software
ESC/P
Slashed Zero
Off
Buzzer
On
Auto CR ( IBM Mode )
Off
Adjust Tear-Off Position
0 inch
Paper Conditions
Friction: Bin 1 , Tractor: Tear-Off: Status Off
Rev.A
1-33
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.4.9 Bidirectional Adjustment Function
Pressing the Pause button while turning on the printer puts the printer in bidirectional adjustment mode. In
this mode, you can adjust the bidirectional alignment for the following three modes:
1. High-speed draft mode
2. Draft mode
3. LQ mode
For instructions on performing the adjustment, see Chapter 4.
1.5 Initialization
1.5.1 Software Initialization
This initialization is activated by the control code ESC@. This initialization:
❒ Clears unprinted data.
❒ Resets the printer’s setting defaults.
1.5.2 Operation Initialization
This initialization is activated by receipt of the INIT signal (negative pulse). This initialization:
❒ Clears the buffer of all data.
❒
Cancels download character definition.
❒
Puts the printer in standby state, if no errors occur.
❒
Executes software initialization.
1.5.3 Power On Initialization
This initialization is activated by power on or by a cold-reset command (remote RS command). This
initialization
❒
Initializes the printer mechanism.
❒
Executes operation initialization.
1-34
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.6 MAIN COMPONENTS
The main components of the FX-2170 are designed for easy removal and repair.
main components are:
The
❒ C166 MAIN Board Assembly
❒ C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly (120 V/230 V)
❒ C165 PNL Board Assembly
❒ Printer Mechanism
❒ Housing Assembly
The following figure shows the main components of the FX-2170.
Figure 1-12 Main Components
Rev.A
1-35
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.6.1 C166 MAIN Board Assembly
The C165 MAIN board consists of a TMP96C041AF CPU, an E05B13 gate array, a program/CG ROM, a
PS-RAM, an EEPROM, etc.
IC11 PF Motor Driver
UDN2917EB
IC3 P-ROM
IC 5 PS RAM
IC 2
GATE ARRAY
E05B13
IC12
CR Motor Driver
SLA7024M
Head Drive
TRANSISTOR
IC 1
CPU
TMP96C041AF
EEPROM
CN2 for Option I / F
Figure 1-13 C166 MAIN Board Assembly
1.6.2 C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly
These boards have two AC input voltage ratings: 120 VAC (C166 PSB) and 230 VAC (C166 PSE). Both
boards consist of a transformer, switching FET, regulator IC, diode bridge, etc. The power supply board
provides +5 VDC and +35 VDC for the main board and printer mechanism.
F1
Fuse
Q1
Switching FET
PC1
Photo Coupler
IC52
OP-amp
D51
Diode
DB1
Diode Bridge
T1
Transformaer
IC51
Switching Regulator
TL494CN
Figure 1-14 C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly
1-36
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Product Description
1.6.3 C165 PNL Board Assembly
This board function is the control panel for the FX-2170. It consists of a power switch, six buttons, and nine
indicator LEDs. This board is almost same as it for the LQ-2170.
SW
LED
LED
SW
SW
LED
LED
SW
SW
LED
SW
Power SW
Figure 1-15 Board Assembly C165 PNL
1.6.4 Printer Mechanism
The printer mechanism consists of an 18-pin impact dot head, paper feed (PF) motor, ribbon feed (RF) motor,
paper end (PE) sensor, home position (HP) sensor, platen gap (PG) sensor, release lever sensor, etc.
Figure 1-16 Printer Mechanism
Rev.A
1-37
Product Description
FX-2170 Service Manual
1.6.5. Housing Assembly
This consists of printer cover assembly, edge guide assembly, upper housing, lower housing assembly, etc.
Figure 1-17 Housing Assembly
1-38
Rev.A
CHAPTER 2
Operating Principles
Table of Contents
2.1 PRINTER MECHANISM OPERATION
2-1
2.1.1 Printing Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.1.2 Carriage Movement Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
2.1.3. Platen Gap Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.1.4 Paper Handling Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2.1.4.1 Release Lever. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2.1.4.2 Paper Advance Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
2.1.5 Paper Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
2.1.6 Ribbon Advance Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
2.2 POWER SUPPLY OPERATION
2-17
2.2.1 Power Supply Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
2.2.2 Power Supply Circuit Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
2.3 CONTROL CIRCUIT
2.3.1 Control Circuit Operation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.2 System Reset Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.3 Printhead Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.4 CR Motor Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.5 PF Motor Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.6 EEPROM Control Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.7 Sensor Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
2-22
2-24
2-24
2-25
2-26
2-26
2-27
List of Figures
Figure 2-1. Printhead Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Figure 2-2. Carriage Movement Mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Figure 2-3. Platen Gap Adjust Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Figure 2-4. Release Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Figure 2-5. Friction Advance Operation Using the Top Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Figure 2-6. Push Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Figure 2-7. Push Tractor Operation Using the Front Paper Entrance. . . . . . . . . 2-7
Figure 2-8. Pull Tractor Operation Using the Bottom Paper Entrance . . . . . . . . 2-8
Figure 2-9. Push- Pull Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance . . . . . 2-9
Figure 2-10. Push- Pull Tractor Operation Using the Front Paper Entrance . . 2-10
Figure 2-11. Paper Path and Detector PE Sensor Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Figure 2-12. Friction Feeding Using the Top Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Figure 2-13. Push Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Figure 2-14. Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Figure 2-15. Push-Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Figure 2-16. Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Bottom Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Figure 2-17. Friction Feeding Using the Front Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Figure 2-18. Push Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Figure 2-19. Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Figure 2-20. Push-Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance. . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Figure 2-21. Ribbon Advance Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Figure 2-22. Power Supply Circuit Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Figure 2-23 Power Switch Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Figure 2-24. Over Voltage Protection Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
Figure 2-25. +35V Line Constant Voltage Control Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Figure 2-26. +35V Line Overload Detector Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Figure 2-27. +35V Line Over Current Protection Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Figure 2-28. +5V Line Over Current Protection Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Figure 2-29. +5V Constant Voltage Control Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Figure 2-30. Control Circuit Block Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Figure 2-31. Data Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Figure 2-32. Reset Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Figure 2-33. Reset Signal Output Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Figure 2-34. Printhead Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Figure 2-35. CR Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Figure 2-36. PF Motor Drive Circuit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Figure 2-37. EEPROM Control Circuit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Figure 2-38. Sensor Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
List of Tables
Table 2-1. CR Motor Assembly Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Table 2-2. Platen Gap and Print Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Table 2-3. Release Lever Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Table 2-4. Ribbon Advance Gear Linkage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Table 2-5. Power Supply Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Table 2-6. Power Supply Output Voltage and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Table 2-7. Functions of the Main IC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
Table 2-8. CR Motor Drive Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.1 PRINTER MECHANISM OPERATION
This section describes the printer mechanism and explains how it works.
2.1.1 Printing Mechanism
The printing mechanism is composed of the printhead, ink ribbon, and ribbon mask. The printhead is an
18-pin (9 pins × 2) head for impact dot printing. To improve the durability of the dot wires, they are arranged
on the printhead in 2 columns.
Each wire has its own drive coil, which causes the wire to move in and out of the printhead to print each dot.
The four steps below describe how these driving wires work.
1.
2.
3.
4.
A drive signal, transmitted from the control circuit to the printhead drive circuit, is converted to the
proper printhead driving voltage, which energizes a corresponding coil. The energized coil then causes
the iron core to become magnetized.
The magnetic force draws the actuating plate toward the core, and the dot wire, which is connected to the
core, rushes toward the platen.
When the dot wire impacts the platen, pressing against the ribbon and paper, it prints a dot.
When the driving voltage stops energizing the coil, the magnetic force from the iron core vanishes. The
actuating plate returns to its original position (the position before coil was energized) with spring action.
The dot wire also returns to its original position.
This is the sequence used to print a single dot.
The mechanism is equipped with a built-in thermistor for head temperature detection. The temperature
detected by the thermistor is converted to an electric signal and fed back to the control circuit.
The printhead is also used as a beeper. Head driving coils move all the dot wires back and forth at a frequency
of 1.5K Hz for 75 ± 5 µsec without impacting the platen, so that the wires vibrate.
The vibrating
dot wires create the sound used for beep codes.
Wire Resetting Spring
Stopper
Ribb on
Ribbon Mask
Paper
Dot Wire
Actuating
Plate
Platen
Iro n Core
Head Driving Coil
Actuating Spring
Figure 2-1 Printhead Operation Principles
Rev.A
2-1
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.1.2 Carriage Movement Mechanism
The carriage movement mechanism consists of the carriage assembly, carriage (CR) motor, timing belt,
driven pulley, home position (HP) sensor, etc. The CR motor drives the timing belt. The carriage assembly is
connected to the timing belt, which is moved by the CR motor. Figure 2-2 shows the carriage movement
mechanism.
The printer detects the carriage home position with the HP sensor. This sensor is the basis for determining the
carriage position. The HP sensor informs the CPU when the carriage is at the home position. The sensor is
ON, when the carriage is pushed to the right or left. The striker on the carriage activates the sensor to indicate
the carriage is at the home position, which toggles the sensor to OFF.
Table 2-1. CR Motor Assembly Specifications
Category
Requirement
Type
4-phase, 200-pole, HB-type pulse motor
Drive Voltage
35 ± 2.1 VDC
Coil Resistance
2.7 Ω ± 10%, per phase, at 25° C (77° F)
Inductance
3.7 µH ± 20% (per phase, at 1K Hz 1 V rms)
Figure 2-2 Carriage Movement Mechanism
2-2
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.1.3 Platen Gap Adjustment
You can adjust the platen gap (the gap between the platen and printhead) to allow the printer to use paper of
different weights or thicknesses. When you move the platen gap adjust lever forward or backward, the
carriage guide shaft rotates. This rotation moves the carriage either toward or away from the platen and
changes the platen gap. This adjustment function has nine ranges for the adjustment, and the adjustment
position is detected by 2 platen gap (PG) switches.
Figure 2-3 Platen Gap Adjustment Lever
Moving the platen gap adjust lever beyond position 4 changes the print speed mode to Copy 2 mode, and the
speed slows down to about 2⁄3 normal to protect the printhead. The following table show you the relationship
between the platen gap and the print speed.
Table 2-2. Platen Gap and Print Speed
Paper
Thickness
(mm)
Adjust Lever
Position
PG SW1
PG SW2
Print
Speed
0.065
0
Closed
Closed
Normal
0.1
0
Closed
Closed
Normal
0.14
1
Closed
Closed
Normal
Continuous
Paper (Single
Sheet)
0.065
0
Closed
Closed
Normal
0.09
0
Closed
Closed
Normal
Continuous
Paper (Multipart)
~0.18
1
Closed
Closed
Normal
~0.25
2
Open
Closed
Copy 1
~0.32
4
Open
Open
Copy 2
~0.39
5
Open
Open
Copy 2
~0.46
6
Open
Open
Copy 2
Labels
0.07 / 0.19
3
Open
Closed
Copy 1
Envelopes
0.16 / 0.32
4
Open
Open
Copy 2
0.16 / 0.40
4
Open
Open
Copy 2
0.22 / 0.44
4
Open
Open
Copy 2
0.23 / 0.46
4
Open
Open
Copy 2
0.26 / 0.52
5
Open
Open
Copy 2
0.22
3
Open
Closed
Copy 2
Paper Type
Single Sheet
Card Stock
Rev.A
2-3
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.1.4. Paper Handling Mechanisms
During the normal operation, paper is fed to the printer, advanced to the specified position, and ejected from
the printer. These paper-handling operations are performed by various paper handling mechanisms, such as
tractors, platens, rollers, and gears. This section describes the printer’s paper handling mechanisms.
2.1.4.1. Release Lever
The release lever is used to select friction for rear /front tractor feed or to release the paper for pull tractor
feed. Changing the release lever position moves the paper guide rollers, and the new lever position is detected
by 2 release switch sensors (RLSW1 and RLSW2). See the following table.
Table 2-3. Release Lever Position
Release Lever
Position
Status of Paper Guide Rollers
RL SW 1
RL SW 2
Friction mode
The paper guide rollers are
pressed against the platen
Open
Open
Front push tractor
mode
The paper guide rollers are
separated from the platen
Closed
Open
Rear push tractor
mode
The paper guide rollers are
separated from the platen
Closed
Open
Pull tractor mode
The paper guide rollers and the
rollers for the lower paper guide
are separated from each
position.
Closed
Closed
Figure 2-4 Release Switch
2-4
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.1.4.2. Paper Advance Mechanism
This section describes how the friction and tractor advance mechanisms work to move the paper through the
printer.
1. Friction Advance Method
Paper is held between the platen and the paper guide rollers and between the paper tension roller and paper
tension unit cover. The paper feed (PF) motor pinion gear, turns in the direction of the black arrow, driving
the paper advance reduction gear. The paper advance reduction gear turns the platen gear and paper tension
roller gear. Paper advances in the direction of the white arrow. Figure 2-5 shows the friction advance method
when paper is fed through the top paper entrance.
In the friction advance method, the paper guide roller spring holds the paper against the platen. Paper can be
released by setting the release lever to the tractor feed position.
Figure 2-5 Friction Advance Operation Using the Top Entrance
Rev.A
2-5
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2. Push Tractor Method
The push tractor method is used with the rear or front entrance.
When the push tractor method is used with the rear entrance, the torque generated by the PF motor is
transmitted to the push tractor gear through the PF motor pinion gear, paper advance reduction gear, and
tractor reduction gear. When the PF motor pinion gear turns in the direction of the black arrow, the tractor
gear rotates in the direction of the black arrow, and thus feeds paper into the printer. Paper is advanced by the
platen and paper tension roller, which are also driven by the PF motor through the gear train.
When the push tractor method is used with the front entrance, the torque generated by the PF motor is
transmitted to the push tractor gear through the PF motor pinion gear, paper advance reduction gear, platen
gear, and gear train in the front part of the printer. When the PF motor pinion gear turns in the direction of the
black arrow, the tractor gear rotates in the direction of the black arrow and thus feeds paper into the printer.
Paper is advanced by the paper drive roller and platen, which are also driven by the PF motor through the gear
train.
In the push tractor method, the release lever is set to one of the tractor positions to release the pressure
between the paper guide roller and the platen. Figure 2-6 illustrates push tractor operation when paper is fed
through the rear paper entrance. Figure 2-7 illustrates push tractor operation when the paper is fed through the
front paper entrance.
Figure 2-6 Push Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance
2-6
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
Figure 2-7. Push Tractor Operation Using the Front Paper Entrance
Rev.A
2-7
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
3. Pull Tractor Method
The pull tractor advances paper in basically the same way as the push tractor. The push tractor is installed at
the paper entrance and pushes paper into the printer. On the other hand, the pull tractor is installed at the
paper exit and pulls paper out of the printer mechanism. As a result, the paper tension unit is not required.
Figure 2-8 illustrates pull tractor operation when paper is fed through the bottom paper entrance.
Figure 2-8 Pull Tractor Operation Using the Bottom Paper Entrance
2-8
Rev.A
4. Push-Pull Tractor Method
The push-pull tractor method is a combination of the push and pull tractor methods. Two tractors are used to
advance the paper: one at the front paper entrance and the other at the rear paper entrance. They operate
simultaneously to push and pull the paper through the printer mechanism. Figure 2-9 illustrates push-pull
tractor operation when paper is fed through the rear paper entrance. Figure 2-10 illustrate push-pull tractor
operation when paper is fed through the front entrance.
Figure. 2-9 Push-Pull Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
Figure 2-10 Push-Pull Tractor Operation Using the Front Paper Entrance
2-10
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.1.5 Paper Paths
This section describes various paper paths through the printer mechanism. These paper paths are divided into
four groups, depending on which entrance (top, rear, bottom, or front) is used to feed paper. The printer has
two PE (paper end) sensors. The front PE sensor is located in front of the printer mechanism. The rear PE
sensor is located behind the printer mechanism. Refer to the following figure.
Paper Eject Drive Roller
(Paper Eject Assembly)
Printhead
Platen
Platen Cover
Middle
Paper Guide
Rear PE
Sensor
Rear Driven PF Roller
Front Driven PF Roller
Lower Driven PF Roller
Paper Drive Roller
Front Paper Guide
Front PE Sensor
Figure 2-11. Paper Paths and PE Sensor Locations
1. Top Entrance
Figure 2-12 shows the paper path for friction feed using the top entrance. The top entrance is only used with
the friction feed method. When the top entrance is used, the rear PE sensor detects when the paper is out.
Figure. 2-12. Friction Feeding Using the Top Entrance
Up
Up
Rev.A
2-11
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2. Rear Entrance
Figures 2-13, 2-14, and 2-15 show the paper paths for tractor feeding using the rear entrance. You can use the
rear entrance with any of the following paper feed methods: push tractor feed, pull tractor feed, or push-pull
tractor feed. When you use the rear entrance, the rear PE sensor detects when paper is out.
Down
Figure. 2-13. Push Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance
Down
Figure. 2-14. Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance
As shown above in Figure 2-14, when you use the pull tractor in this printer, you must remove the paper eject
cover, which includes the paper tension roller, from the printer mechanism.
2-12
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
Figure 2-15. Push-Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance
As shown above in Figure 2-15, when you use the pull tractor with this printer, you must remove the paper
eject cover, which includes the paper tension roller, from the printer mechanism.
3. Bottom Entrance
Figure 2-16 shows the paper path for tractor feeding using the bottom entrance. The bottom entrance is used
only for pull tractor feed. When the bottom entrance is used, the front PE sensor detects when paper is out.
Figure. 2-16. Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Bottom Entrance
Down
Rev.A
2-13
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
4. Front Entrance
Figures 2-17 through 2-20 show the paper paths for the front entrance. The front entrance can be used with
any of the following paper feed methods: friction feed, push tractor feed, pull tractor feed, or push-pull tractor
feed. When the front entrance is used, the front PE sensor detects when paper is out.
Figure 2-17 Friction Feeding Using the Front Entrance
Up
Up
Figure 2-18 Push Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance
2-14
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
Down
Figure 2-19 Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance
Figure 2-20 Push-Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance
Rev.A
2-15
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.1.6 Ribbon Advance Mechanism
The ribbon is held between the ribbon advance roller (ribbon driven gear) and the ribbon pressure roller.
When the carriage moves from left to right and vice versa on the CR guide shaft, the timing belt turns the
belt-driven pulley. Then the torque is transmitted to the ribbon driving gear through the gear trains. The
ribbon driving gear rotates counterclockwise, no matter what direction the carriage moves, because a
planetary gear is used in the gear linkage.
Table 2-4. Ribbon Advance Gear Linkage
Direction of Carriage Movement
Gear Linkage
Left to right
(indicated by the black arrow)
Belt driven pulley → Gear (1) → Gear (2) →
Ribbon driving gear
Right to light
(indicated by the white arrow)
Belt driven pulley → Gear (1) → Gear (3) →
Gear (4) → Ribbon driving gear
The ribbon brake spring, attached to the exit of the cartridge case, prevents slack in the ribbon and keeps the
ribbon tension at an appropriate level. The ribbon mask prevents the ribbon from brushing against the paper.
Figure 2-21 Ribbon Advance Mechanism
2-16
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.2 POWER SUPPLY OPERATION
The printer can be powered by either of two power supply boards: the C166 PSB (120 V) or C166 PSE (230
V) power supply. These boards are the same for both the LQ-2170 and FX-2170. Additionally, the PSB and
PSE boards function the same, except for a difference in primary circuitry. The power supply board outputs
the DC current necessary to drive the printer control circuits and drive mechanism. Table 2-5 shows the input
voltages and fuse ratings for these boards.
Table 2-5. Power Supply Board
Board
Input Voltage
Fuse F1 Rating
C166 PSB
103.5 to 132 VAC
3.15A / 125 V
C166 PSE
198 to 264 VAC
T2.0 AH / 250 V
2.2.1 Power Supply Overview
The power supply board has two power outputs for use by the various control circuits and drive mechanisms.
Table 2-6 lists the applications for the two DC output supply voltages.
Table 2-6 Power Supply Output Voltages and Applications
Output Voltage (DC)
Applications
+5 V
Main Board Logic Circuit
Sensors
Control Panel LEDs
+35 V
CR Motor
PF Motor
Printhead Drive
Figure 2-22 shows a block diagram of the power supply circuitry.
Secondary Circuit
Primary Circuit
+5V Switching
Regurator
+5V DC
+5V Constant Voltage
Control Circuit
+5V Over current
Protection Circuit
Full Wave
Rectification
Circuit
Filter Circuit
Smoothing
Circuit
Switching
Circuit
Smoothing
Circuit
PhotoCoupler
+35V DC
+35V Line
Over Load
Detector Circuit
CPU
Port 20
+35V Line
Constant Voltage
Control Circuit
AC input
PhotoCoupler
+35V Line
Over Voltage
Protection Circuit
+5V Line
Over Voltage
Protection Circuit
+35V Line
Over Current
Protection Circuit
Operation
SW
Figure 2- 22 Power Supply Circuit Block Diagram
As shown in the figure above, when AC power enters the printer from an external power source, the filter
circuit removes the noise. The AC voltage then undergoes full-wave rectification and is smoothed to produce
direct voltage. The voltage is fed to the gate port for the switching FET (Q1: K2126 or K2130) through
resistors R18 and R31, and then the switching circuit operates. The secondary smoothing circuit produces a
stepped down +35 VDC voltage. The +5 VDC voltage is generated by feeding the +35 VDC voltage through
the +5 VDC power supply circuit, where the +35 VDC is stepped down to a stable +5 VDC from the 35 VDC
line.
Rev.A
2-17
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.2.2 Power Supply Circuit Operation
The power supply circuit is composed of an RCC (ringing choke converter) system and the power switch
circuit in the secondary circuitry. The power supply circuit has several protection and control circuits. This
section describes these circuits.
1. Power Switch Circuit
The power switch circuit is in the secondary circuitry. It is shown in the illustration below.
R91
8
+35V Line
D52
C55
7
D85
D84
Q31
6
3
5
4
R68
PSC line
PC1
R69
OFF
Operation SW
(Power SW)
Figure 2-23 Power Switch Circuit
When printer power is off, the PSC line is connected to a ground line and the current is loaded from
C55 to PC1. Consequently, Q32 and Q31 are turned on, and the switching FET is shut off.
(2) +35 V/+5 VDC Line Over Voltage Protection Circuit
This circuit is shown below.
+35V Line
ZD86
C82
Q81
PC1
Q31
FET
6
3
5
4
ZD52
ZD87
R89
D82
Q55
R90
ZD53
+5V Line
GND
Figure 2-24 Over Voltage Protection Circuit
The +35 VDC over voltage protection circuit operates when voltage exceeds 42.42 V between ZD52 and
ZD87 and shuts off the switching FET (Q1: K2126 or K2130). The +5 VDC over voltage protection circuit
operates when voltage exceeds 7.5 V between ZD53, and shuts off the switching FET (Q1: K2126 or
K2130). When either of these protection circuits operate, the protection cannot be removed without turning
power off and on again.
2-18
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
3. +35 V Constant Voltage Control Circuit
The +35 V constant voltage control circuit is illustrated below.
11
C15
C13
Q1
R11
10+
+35V Line
R20
R15
R21
Q3
Q2
R19
R16
ZD51
ZD81
ZD82
ZD83
ZD84
ZD85
R13
R14
C12
+
IC1
9+
GND Line
R56
8
1
7
2
D81
R57
Figure 2-25 +35 V Line Constant Voltage Control Circuit
The constant voltage control circuit operates to keep the 35 V line at 35 V ± 6 %. When the voltage between
ZD51 and ZD85 becomes 32.7 V ± 2.75 %, PC1 turns on, and then Q2 also turns on. Consequently, switching
FET Q1 shuts off. When the voltage between ZD51 and ZD85 becomes less than 32.7 ± 2.75 V, PC1 turns
off, and then Q2 also turns off. Consequently, switching FET Q1 operates again. Repeating the above
operation keeps the +35 V line at 35 V ± 6%.
4. +35V Line Overload Detection Circuit
The +35 V line voltage drop protection circuit is shown in the figure below.
+35V Line
ZD51
ZD81
ZD82
ZD83
ZD84
ZD85
+5V Line
GND Line
PC1
Q31
8
1
7
2
R56
D81
R57
R86
R83
5
8
R87
+
R20
PWDN
6
4
-
7
R84
GND
Figure 2-26 +35 V Line Overload Detection Circuit
When the +35 V line is overloaded, it means that constant voltage control is not being maintained. In this
condition, the forward current of PC1 drops to 0 A. Consequently, voltage Vf between PC1 and D81 also
drops. On this circuit, when the Vf voltage drops below 1.3 V (+35 V line: 33.1 V), IC528 detects the
overload and outputs the PWDN signal (+5 V: HIGH active) to port 20 of the CPU. When the CPU receives
this PWDN signal, printing stops. When the +35 V line becomes normal again, the voltage between PC1 and
D81 also becomes normal. When the Vf voltage goes above 1.6 V (+35 V line: 33.4 V), the PWDN signal is
removed.
Rev.A
2-19
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
5. +35 V Line Over Current Protection Circuit
The +35 V line over current control circuit is illustrated below.
R54
+35V Line
R70
D85
Q53
R71
R72
R73
GND
C57
R74
Q31
R75
3
6
Q54
4
R68
5
Q82
PSC
Figure 2-27 +35 V Line Over Current Protection Circuit
When the +35 V line becomes less than 27 V, Q82 and Q54 turn on, and PC1 turns on. Consequently, Q32
and Q31 turn off, and then switching FET Q1 shuts off. When the protection circuit operates, this protection
can only be removed by turning the power off and on again.
6. +5 V Line Over Current Protect Circuit
+5 V line over current control circuit is shown below.
L51
Q51
+35V Line
R53
+5v Line
R88
R61
R51
D51
R64
8
R65
IC51
TL494CN
GND
+
+
2
R67
1
Figure 2-28 +5 V Line Over Current Protection Circuit
Port 2 of IC51 (TL494CN) monitors the +5 V line, and this protection circuit operates when the +5 V line
goes below 4.75 V. When this circuit operates, port 8 signal output of the PWM pulse stops, and Q51 stops its
switching operation. Consequently, the +5 V line stops generating.
2-20
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
7. +5 V Line Constant Voltage Control Circuit
The +5 V line constant voltage control circuit is shown below.
+35V
R81
R60
R59
L51
Q51
GND
R53
+5v Line
ZD55
R88
R61
GND
R51
D51
16
R64
+
15
-
8
R65
GND
IC51
TL494CN
Figure 2-29 +5 V Line Constant Voltage Control Circuit
Port 16 of IC51 (TL494CN) monitors the + 5 V line, and the voltage is compared with the standard voltage,
which is input into port 15. When the voltage of port 16 goes below 4.81 V or above 5.17 V, the pulse width
of the PWM signal, which is output from port 8, changes and the +5 V line is kept between 4.81 V to 5.17 V.
Rev.A
2-21
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.3 CONTROL CIRCUIT
The control circuit consists of the C166 MAIN board assembly and C165 PNL board This section describes
the major components and explains how the boards work.
2.3.1 Overview of Control Circuit Operation
The printer’s control circuit includes a TMP96C041AF CPU that runs at 14.74 MHz, an E05B13YA gate
array, a 1M bit PS-RAM (8-bit bus, less than 80ns) , a 2M bit PROM (8-bit bus, less than 120ns), and other
circuits. It oversees control of all the components in the printer. The following chart shows you a block
diagram of the control circuit.
Q5 ~Q22
Head Drv.
Type B I/F
IC 3 ROM
Head Temp.
Detector
IC 5 RAM
+35V Voltage
Detector
Parallel I/F
PE-Rear
Detector
IC2
Panel LED
Gate Array
E05B13
CPU
IC 8
EEPROM
Pow er SW
PE-Front
Detector
IC 1
TMP96C041AF
IC 10
Rest IC
PSC
Home
Detector
Release
Lever
Detector
PWDN
P/ S
Unit
P-Width
Detector
5V
GL
35V
GP
Gap
Lever
Detector
IC 12
CR Drv.
SLA7024M
IC 11
PF Drv.
UD N2917EB
CSF Drv.
CSF
Detector
: Data Bus
: Address Bus
Figure 2-30 Control Circuit Block Diagram
2-22
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
The following figure shows the data flow from the host computer to the printhead. Data sent from the host
computer is converted to image data and transmitted to the printhead through the gate array.
CPU
TMP96C041AF
Option I/F
RAM
Parallel I/F
Input
Buffer
Host
Computer
Print data
conversion 1
Gate Array
E05B13
Line Edit
Buffer
Print data
conversion 2
Data latch
and
data output
Image
Buffer
Image data
transfer
Printhead drive
circuite
Figure 2-31 Data Flow
The following table lists the each function of the main components of the C166 MAIN board.
Table 2-7 Functions of the Main Board
IC
Location
Function
IC1
Receives data from the host computer and sends it to the input buffer
in RAM (under interrupt processing control). Extends the input data
held in the buffer to create image data. Loads this image data to the
image buffer in RAM. Transfers the image data to the printhead
drive circuit.
Gate Array
IC2
Controls the functions below:
• Controls output data from the internal block
• Memory management
• Address latch of the address/data bus from the CPU
• Clock control unit
• Bit manipulation
• Interface control
• Expanded parallel port
• Printhead control
• Motor control
EEPROM
IC 8
An electrically writable and erasable ROM used to hold such
information as the TOF position and bidirectional adjustment value.
ROM
IC 3
The ROM contains the program that runs the CPU and holds the
character design (also called the character generator).
RAM
IC 5
The RAM contains the CPU working area and the buffers
SLA7024M
IC 12
Drive circuit for the CR motor
UDN2917EB
IC 11
Drive circuit for the PF motor
CPU
Rev.A
2-23
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.3.2 System Reset Circuit
Control circuits IC1 and IC2 are initialized when a RESET signal (LOW level) is output from port 1 (VOUT)
of IC10. IC10 monitors the +5 V line on port 3, and resets under the following conditions:
E05813YA
IC2
+5V
RESET
61
R47
1K
IC10
PST5920
IC1 TPM96C041AF
+5V
VOUT 1
23 RESET
MRES 2
VCC 3
GND 4
C16
0.1U
Figure 2-32 Reset Circuit
1.
When the power supply is turned on, a RESET signal is output. RESET is canceled when the
+5 V line goes up to 4.2 V, and then 100 ms passes.
2. When the +5 V line goes below +4.2 V, a RESET signal is output. RESET is canceled when the
+5 V line goes back up to 4.2 V and then 100 ms passes.
(v)
5
4
100ms
100ms
3
2
1
RESET
RESET
Power On
VCC (+5V line)
VOUT (RESET)
Figure 2-33 Reset Signal Output Timing
2.3.3 Printhead Driver Circuit
Print Head
+35V
C9
+35V
HTMP
+
Printhead Drive Transistor Q5~Q13, Q14~22
R49
Printhead Drive Signal
69 76~89 91~93
R50
Address
Data Line
+35V
37
~
~
28
Gate
Array
21
44
32
19
CPU
79
74
73
R51
78
ZD1
+35V
C19
Figure 2-34 Printhead Driver Circuit
The standard voltage for the A/D converter is made in ZD1 and input to CPU port 78. Based on this standard
voltage, the A/D converter in the CPU operates. Port 74 monitors the +35 V line between R50 and R51 to
determine the printhead drive pulse width. Using the monitored voltage, the CPU converts the voltage to a
digital value and decides the printhead drive pulse width, and then transports the data to the gate array via
CPU port 19. Based on the monitored voltage, the CPU decides the printing interval. Port 73 monitors the
printhead temperature to protect the printhead. If the temperature exceeds 107° C (225° F) , printing is
stopped.
2-24
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.3.4 CR Motor Driver Circuit
The CR motor driver circuit is shown below.
CPU
+5V
PG00
PG01
PG02
PG03
6
IN A
5
17 IN-A
16 IN B
1
2
3
4
IN-B
R67
Address
Data Line
R72
R73
65
CRI0
R74
64
Gate
Array
CRI1
CRI2
3
14
R68
C29, 30
63 R75
A
CR A
-A
CR-A
B
CR B
-B
CR-B
RFA
RFB
SL A7 0 2 4 M
CRCOM
9 RSA
10
RSB
R76
CRI3 62
C31
R69, 70
R71
4
GND A
15 GNB B
+35V
Figure 2-35 CR Driver Circuit
The carriage motor driver circuit controls the CR motor, using an open-loop, constant drive arrangement. 2-2
and 1-2 phases excite the motor. A 2-2 phase step is equivalent to a 1-2 phase step doubled. Ports 1 to 4 of
the SLA7024M are used to change the excitation phase, depending on the selected print mode. Table 2-8
describes the motor driver modes.
Table 2-8 CR Motor Driver Modes
Speed Mode
Print Speed
(CPS)
Drive
Frequency
(PPS)
Excitation
Phase
8/3
440
5280
2-2
Super Draft
2
330
3960
2-2
Draft
16/9
293.3
3520
2-2
Super Draft and Copy 2
50/33
250
6000
1-2
Bit image and head hot
mode
4/3
220
5280
1-2
Super Draft, Draft, Copy 2,
and Power down
1
165
3960
1-2
NLQ, Draft, and Power down
25/33
125
3000
1-2
NLQ, Super draft, Copy 2,
and Power down
2/3
110
2640
1-2
NLQ, Draft, Copy 2, and
Power down
1/2
82.5
1980
1-2
NLQ and Power down
1/4
41.3
990
1-2
NLQ, Copy 2, and Power
down
Applications
The SLA7024M (IC12) CR motor driver circuit detects and regulates the amount of current flowing in the
carriage motor coil. The current flowing through the coil varies, depending on the speed of the CR motor.
The CPU sets the amount of current via the Address /Data line. Signals are sent to ports 3 (RFA) and 14
(RFB) of the SLA7024M. The SLA7024M sets the coil current, depending on the CR speed.
Rev.A
2-25
Operating Principles
FX-2170 Service Manual
2.3.5 PF Motor Driver Circuit
The figure below shows the PF motor driver circuit.
IC6
74LS32
1
3
2
PFI1
PFI2
68
67
4
5
Gate
Array
6
42
HOLD 66
I10
I11
I20
A
I21
A
27 VREF2
PP PP PP PP
G3 G2 G1 G0
10
8
7
9
P27
B
1
3
2
18
3
21
4
PF A
PF-A
PF B
PF-B
43 PH1
26
PH2
5
7
6
8
PG PG PG PG
13 12 11 10
61
B
VREF1
6
IC11
UDN2917EB
CPU
Figure 2-36 PF Motor Driver Circuit
The gate array receives phase data from the CPU via ports 5 (PG10), 6 (PG11), 7 (PG12), and 8 (PG13),
converts the data to UDN2917 form, and then sends that phase data to ports 43 (PH1) and 26 (PH2). The PF
driver current is controlled by the 74LS32 using port 68 (PF1) and 67 (PF2) signals output from the gate array
and port 61 (P27) output from the CPU. These controlled drive currents are output to ports 2 (I10), 1 (I11), 23
(I20), and 24 (I21) of the UDN2917EB.
2.3.6 EEPROM Control Circuit
The EEPROM is non-volatile memory that stores information even if the printer power is off. The figure
below shows the EEPROM control circuit.
CPU
9
P70
10
P71
11
P72
12
P73
1 CS
2
CK
3 DI
4
DO
IC 8
EEPROM
Figure 2-37 EEPROM Control Circuit
The EEPROM is controlled by CPU ports 9 (P70), 10 (P71), 11 (P72), and 12 (P73). Port 11 is the data
output line used to save the information to the EEPROM, and port 12 is the data input line used to read the
saved data from the EEPROM. Port 70 is the chip select line, and port 71 is the clock timing line. When the
PWDN signal (power down) is detected on port 20 (INTO), the CPU writes the necessary data to the
EEPROM before the +5 V line drops to 4.75 V.
2-26
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Operating Principles
2.3.7 Sensor Circuits
The CPU detects conditions of the following sensors: home position (HP) sensor, release sensors 1 and 2,
platen gap (PG) sensors 1 and 2, rear and front paper end (PE) sensors, paper width (PW) sensor, and cover
open sensor.
+5 V
+5V
+5 V
76
70
Rear PE
Sensor
P53
P40
P32
Front PE
Sensor
68
P36
CPU
P33
P34
PW Sensor
75
AN2
P35
INT7
+5 V
+5 V
+5 V
+5V
HP Se nso r
64
Re le ase
Se n so r 2
65
Release
Sensor 1
66
67
18
PG Sen sor 1
PG Sen sor 2
Cover Open
Sensor
+5V +5 V +5 V +5 V +5V
Figure 2-38 Sensor Circuits
Two types of sensors are used in this printer. Release sensors 1 and 2 , PG sensors 1 and 2, the front PE
sensor, and cover open sensor are momentary switches. Pages 2-3 and 2-4 describe the relationship between
release and PG sensor operation and actual print operation.
The other type of sensor is used for the HP sensor, rear PE sensor, and PW sensor, which are photo diode
switches. The HP sensor detects CR home position when the photo diode rays are cut off by the printhead.
The rear PE sensor detects that paper has been loaded when the photo diode rays are cut off by the sensor
plate, which is included in the rear PE sensor. The PW sensor, used for paper width measurement and paper
loading positioning, detects the paper edge by comparing the measured voltage with standard voltage, which
was measured during the power on sequence.
Additionally, as mentioned on the page 2-24, the +35 V line and head temperature are monitored to set the
pulse length of the head drive signal.
Rev.A
2-27
CHAPTER 3
Disassembly and Assembly
Table of Contents
3.1 OVERVIEW
3.1.1 Precautions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.2 Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.3 Service Checks After Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.4 Specifications for Screws . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
3.2 PRINTER DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
3-4
3.2.1 Before Starting Disassembly Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
3.2.2 Removing the Panel Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
3.2.3 Removing the Printhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
3.2.4 Removing the HP Sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
3.2.5 Removing the PW Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
3.2.6 Removing the Platen Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
3.2.7 Removing the Upper Housing Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
3.2.8 Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
3.2.9 Removing the CR Motor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
3.2.10 Removing the Printer Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
3.2.10.1 Removing the PF Motor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
3.2.10.2 Removing the PG Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
3.2.10.3 Removing the Right Frame Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
3.2.10.4 Disassembling the Right Frame Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
3.2.10.5 Removing the Left Frame Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
3.2.10.6 Removing the Ribbon Drive (RD) Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
3.2.10.7 Removing the CR Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
3.2.10.8 Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
3.2.10.9 Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
3.2.11 Removing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
3.2.12 Removing the C166 PSB/E Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
3.3 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY OF CSF BIN 1
3.3.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.2 Disassembling the Paper Support Block Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.3 Removing the Paper Eject Cover Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-26
3-26
3-28
3-30
3.4 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY OF CSF BIN 2
3-31
3.4.1 Disassembly Right Side Block. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-31
3.4.2 Disassembly Paper Support Block Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
List of Figures
Figure 3-1. Screw Types and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Figure 3-2. Flowchart for Disassembling the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Figure 3-3. Before Starting Disassembly Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Figure 3-4. Removing the Panel Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Figure 3-5. Lock Cover for CN1 and the FFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Figure 3-6. Removing the Printhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Figure 3-7. Connecting the Printhead FFCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Figure 3-8. Removing the HP Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Figure 3-9. Removing the PW Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Figure 3-10. Mounting Position for the PW Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Figure 3-11. Releasing the Locks for the Bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Figure 3-12. Removing the Platen Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Figure 3-13. Releasing the Upper Housing Assembly Hooks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Figure 3-14. Removing the Upper Housing Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Figure 3-15. Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Figure 3-16. Removing the CR Motor Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Figure 3-17. Removing the Printer Mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Figure 3-18. Removing the PF Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Figure 3-19. Removing the PG Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Figure 3-20. Mounting the Cables for the PG Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Figure 3-21. Removing the Right Frame Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Figure 3-22. Removing the Right Sub Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Figure 3-23. Engaging Gears 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Figure 3-24. Engaging Gears 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Figure 3-25. Engaging the Tractor Clutch Cam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Figure 3-26. Removing the Left Frame Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Figure 3-27. Cable Connection for the Release Lever Sensors . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Figure 3-28. Removing the RD Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Figure 3-29. Engaging Gears for the RD Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Figure 3-30. Disconnecting the FFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Figure 3-31. Removing the CR Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Figure 3-32. Inserting the Timing Belt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Figure 3-33. Inserting the Oil Pad into the CR Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Figure 3-34. Assembling the Rear CR Guide Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
Figure 3-35. Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Figure 3-36. Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Figure 3-37. Removing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Figure 3-38. Removing the C166 PSB/E Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Figure 3-39. Direction for Mounting the Fan Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Figure 3-40. Releasing the Clips for the Right CSF Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-26
Figure 3-41. Cable Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Figure 3-42. Engaging 13 Gears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27
Figure 3-43. Removing the E-ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Figure 3-44. Removing 1 Gear (29 mm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Figure 3-45. Removing the CPB Tight Screw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Figure 3-46. Removing the Paper Support Block Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Figure 3-47. Removing the Paper Feed Roller Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Figure 3-48. Removing the Paper Eject Cover Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Figure 3-49. Assembling the Paper Eject Cover Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-30
Figure 3-50. Removing the Right CSF Cover. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-51. Engaging 5 Gears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-52. Removing the E-ring and 2 CBS Screws. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3-53. Removing the Paper Feed Roller Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-31
3-31
3-32
3-32
List of Tables
Table 3-1. Recommended Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 3-2. Equipment Required for Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 3-3. Inspection Check List for Repaired Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 3-4. Screw Types and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.1 OVERVIEW
This section describes various points to note when disassembling and assembling the printer.
3.1.1 Precautions
Follow the precautions below for disassembly or assembly.
WARNING
Before disassembling, assembling, or adjusting the printer, disconnect the power supply cable from
the AC power socket. Failure to do so can cause physical injury. The power switch is wired in the
secondary circuitry. Therefore, the printer’s primary circuitry remains live even after the power
switch is turned off.
Never touch primary parts of the the power supply unit (including the heat sink) while the power
supply cable is connected to the AC power socket.
CAUTION
To maintain efficient printer operation:
• Use only recommended tools for maintenance work.
• Use only recommended lubricants and adhesives (see Chapter 6).
• Adjust the printer only in the manner described in this manual.
3.1.2 Tools
Tables 3-1 and 3-2 list the tools recommended for disassembling, assembling, or adjusting the printer. Use
only tools that meet these specifications.
Table 3-1. Recommended Tools
Tool
Note:
Part No.
Round-nose pliers
B740400100
Nippers
B740500100
Tweezers
B741000100
Soldering iron
B740200100
E-ring holder #2.5
B740800400
Phillips screwdriver No.2
B743800200
Standard screwdriver
B743000100
Thickness gauge
B776702201
All tools are commercially available.
Table 3-2. Equipment Required for Maintenance
Description
Note:
Rev.A
Specification
Multimeter
——
Oscilloscope
50 MHz
An oscilloscope is required only for servicers who repair to the component level.
3-1
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.1.3 Service Checks After Repair
Before returning the printer after service, use the check list in Table 3-3, which provides a record to make
servicing and shipping more efficient.
Table 3-3. Inspection Check List for the Repaired Printer
Category
Component
Printer
units
Printhead
Checked
Not necessary
Are any wires worn out?
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Checked
Not necessary
Is the paper feed motor running
at the correct temperature (not
overheating)
Checked
Not necessary
Is the type of paper in the printer
feeding smoothly?
Checked
Not necessary
Is the tractor feeding the paper
correctly?
Checked
Not necessary
Is the paper path clear of all
obstructions?
Checked
Not necessary
Is the platen free of damage?
Checked
Not necessary
Ribbon
mask
Is the ribbon mask free of distortion?
Checked
Not necessary
Self-test
Was the self-test successful?
Checked
Not necessary
On-line test Was the on-line test successful?
Checked
Not necessary
Printhead
printing
Is the platen gap adjusted correctly?
Checked
Not necessary
Is the bidirectional print position
adjusted correctly?
Checked
Not necessary
Default
settings
Have user-changeable settings been
reset to the default values?
Checked
Not necessary
ROM
version
ROM version ________.
Checked
Not necessary
Shipment
Has the ribbon been removed?
Checked
Not necessary
Have all relevant parts been included
in the shipment?
Checked
Not necessary
Carriage
Does the carriage move smoothly?
Movement noisy
Mechanism dirty
mechanism
Mechanism oily
Is the CR motor at the
correct temperature (not overheating)
^
^
Paper
Is paper advancing smoothly?
Movement noisy
Mechanism dirty
advance
Mechanism oily
mechanism
^
Paper path
^
Adjustment
System
upgrade
3-2
Is Check Required?
Are any wires broken?
^
^
Item to Check
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.1.4 Specifications for Screws
Table 3-4 lists the abbreviations used in the following sections for small parts, such as screws and washers.
Table 3-4. Screw Types and Abbreviations
Abbreviation
Part Name
CPS
Cross-recessed pan head S-tight screw
CBB
Cross-recessed bind head B-tight screw
CBS
Cross-recessed bind head S-tight screw
CBN
Cross-recessed bind head N-tight screw
CBC
Cross-recessed bind head C-Lamitite screw
CBA
Cross-recessed bind head A-lamitite screw
CB(O)
Cross-recessed bind head with outside-toothed lock washer
Head
Top
Side
Pan
Cross-recessed head
Body
S-tight
Bind
Normal
B-tight
(with Notch)
C-lamitite
A-lamitite
Figure 3-1 Screw Types and Abbreviations
Rev.A
3-3
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2. PRINTER DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
This section describes procedures for disassembling and assembling the main components of the printer.
When the procedure for installing a component is simply the reverse of removing the component, this chapter
does not describe the assembly procedure. If necessary, special notes on assembling or adjusting a component
are given at the end of the description of each procedure. Be sure to follow the instructions in these notes.
CAUTION
• Before disassembling any part of the printer, note the warnings in Section 3.1.
• Before beginning to disassemble the printer, remove the paper and the ink ribbon.
Also disconnect the interface cable.
• Whenever the printer is repaired, wipe the surface of the paper width (PW) sensor assembly
with a soft cloth, and keep it clean to avoid abnormal operation. If the surface is dirty from
any adhering material, sensor sensitivity goes down and operation is not correct.
Note:
Exploded diagrams in the appendix show you how the components fit together. Refer to
them as necessary. The flowchart below shows the order you need to use to disassemble the
printer. For details of the required adjustments, refer to Chapter 4.
: Bi-d adjustment is required
: PG adjustment is required
START
: Bi-d & PG adjustment are required
: Bi-d Adjustment & Factory Setting
are required (when the parts is
replaced to new one)
: TPE Level Reset is required (wh e n
Disconnect the printer's power cord and interface cable.
3.2.1
the parts is replaced to new one)
Page 3-5
Pre-disassemblly
Procedu res
3.2.2
Pag e 3-6
Re mo ving th e
Board Assy., Panel
3.2 .7
3.2.3
3.2.3
Page 3-7
3-7
Page
Pag e 3-8
3.2.4
Removin g th e
Detector, HP
Remo ving the
Print Head
3.2.5
3.2.5
Page 3-8
Removing the
Detector Assy.,PW
Page 3-10
3-10
3.2.6 Page
Removin g th e
Platen Assy..
Page 3-1 1
Removing the Housin g
Assy., Upper
3.2 .8
Page 3-1 2
Removing the Detector
Assy., C ase Open
3.2.10 .1 Page 3-1 4
Removing the
Motor Assy., PF
3.2.10.6 Page 3-20
Removing the
RD Assy.
3.2.9
3.2.9
3.2.10
Page 3-12
Remo ving the Motor
Assy., CR
3.2.10.2 Page 3-1 5
Remo ving the
Detector, PG
3.2.10.7
3.2.11
Page 3-24
Removing the Board
Assy., C165 MAIN
3.210.3 Page 3-16
3.2.10.4
Removing the Frame,
Right Assy.
Disassemble the
Frame ,Right Assy.
Page 3-21
Removin g th e
CR Assy.
Page 3-13
Re movin g the
Printer Mechanism
3.2.10.8
Page 3-23
Removing the Detector
Assy.,PE,Re ar
Page 3-16
3.2.10 ,9
3.2.12 Page 3-2 5
Removing the Boa rd
Assy, C 16 5 PSB/E
3.2.10.5
Page 3-19
Removing the Frame,
Left Assy.
Page 3-23
Removing the Detector
Assy., PE, Front
Figure 3-2 Flowchart for Disassembling the Printer
3-4
Rev.A
3.2.1. Before Starting Disassembly Procedures
1. Remove the following parts:
.
Front edge guide assembly
Front cover
Rear edge guide assembly
Printer cover
Front/rear tractor assembly
Ribbon cartridge
Bottom cover
Paper eject assembly
Refer to the following figure.
Note
Remove the paper eject cover and the front/rear tractor assembly by pushing to release the hooks
at both sides. When remounting them, be sure to snap the hooks on the projecting parts.
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.2. Removing the Panel Board Assembly
1.
Remove the printer cover and ribbon cartridge (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Release the left clips for the panel board assembly by pushing them from the cutout located on
the inside front of the upper housing assembly.
3.
Release the flexible flat cable (FFC) by pulling the lock cover for CN1, and then disconnect the
FFC for CN1 and connector CN2 from the C165 PNL board assembly.
CN1
CN2
Figure 3-4 Removing the Panel Board Assembly
4. Remove the panel board assembly from the upper housing assembly.
Assembly Notes
Before disconnecting the FFC from CN1, slide the lock cover for CN 1 as shown in Figure 3-5,
and release the FFC from CN1. After reconnecting the FFC for CN1, lock the lock cover .
The FFC must be connected properly, as shown in Figure 3-5. Exposed terminals must be
connected face upward against the C165 PNL board.
Lock Cover for CN 1
Slide
CN 1
CN 1
CN 1
FFC
Exposed terminals face
Figure 3-5 Lock Cover for CN1 and the FFC
3-6
Rev.A
3.2.3. Removing the Printhead
1.
Remove the printer cover and ribbon cartridge (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove 2 CBS screws (3 × 10, F/Zn) securing the printhead to the CR assembly.
3.
Remove the printhead from the CR assembly.
4.
Disconnect 2 wide FFCs from the printhead and then disconnect the narrow FFC from the
connector on the CR cover.
Assembly Notes
The FFC must be connected properly, as shown in the following figure.
The tightening torque for the 2 CBS screws (3 × 10, F/Zn) =
Adjust the platen gap. Refer to Chapter 4.
0.59 ~ 0.78 Nm ( 6 ~8 Kg f. cm )
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.4 Removing the HP Sensor
1.
Remove the printer cover, ribbon cartridge, front edge guide, and front cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Disconnect the connector cable for the HP sensor.
3.
Remove the HP sensor by pushing up and releasing the 2 clips at the bottom of the HP sensor
from the front paper entrance.
2 Clips for HP Sensor
Figure 3-8 Removing the HP Sensor
Assembly Note
Notice the direction for mounting the HP sensor. Refer to the figure above.
3.2.5 Removing the PW Sensor Assembly
1.
Remove the printer cover and ribbon cartridge (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the CB screw (2.5 × 5, F/Zn) securing the PW sensor to the ribbon mask holder. Then,
remove the FFC from the PW sensor connector, mounted onto the CR cover.
3.
Remove the PW sensor assembly along with the CR cover by pushing and releasing the 2 clips
for the CR cover, as shown in the following figure.
PW Sensor Assembly
CB Screw (2 x 5 F/Zn)
Figure 3-9 Removing the PW Sensor Assembly
3-8
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
Assembly Notes
Mount the PW sensor assembly onto the ribbon mask holder groove, aligning the bottom line of micro
photo sensor to the bottom line of the groove.
Whenever you remove the PW sensor assembly, clean the surface of the sensor by wiping it with a
soft material. If the surface is not clean, abnormal operations may occur, such as printing on the
platen surface.
The tightening torque for the CB screw (2.5 × 5, F/Zn) =
0.08 ~ 0.12 Nm (0.8 ~ 0.12 Kg f-cm)
When you replace the PW sensor assembly, reset the TPE level. Refer to Chapter 4.
Micro Photo Sensor
Bold Perforated line is the Groove.
View of PW Sensor
through Ribbon Mask Holder
CB Screw ( 2.5X5 F/Zn)
PW Sensor Assembly
Ribbon Mask Holder
Figure 3-10 Mounting Position for the PW Sensor Assembly
Rev.A
3-9
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.6 Removing the Platen Assembly
1.
Remove the printer cover, ribbon cartridge, and platen knob (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Release both locks for the left and right bushings (8 mm) by pushing the lever holder for the
bushings outside, and then pulling the holder lever forward.
Left and Right Bushings (8mm)
Figure 3-11 Releasing the Locks for the Bushings
3
Slide the platen assembly to the right, and move the printhead to the right edge.
4.
Pull the left edge of the platen assembly upward by tilting it backward, and then pull up the
right edge of the platen assembly.
Figure 3-12 Removing the Platen Assembly
Assembly Notes
Before reinstalling the platen assembly into the printer mechanism, move the printhead to the right
edge of the CR shaft, and set the release lever to the tractor position. This pre-assembly operation
helps you mount the platen assembly more easily.
After installing the platen assembly into the printer mechanism, make sure both locks for left and
right bushings (8 mm) are locked completely.
Be careful handling the lever holders for the left and right bushings (8 mm). These are fragile.
Adjust the platen gap. Refer to Chapter 4.
3-10
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.7 Removing the Upper Housing Assembly
1
Remove the rear edge guide assembly, paper eject assembly, rear tractor unit, and printer cover
(see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board assembly (see Section 3.2.2).
3.
Remove 4 CBB screws (4 × 14, F/Zn) securing the upper housing assembly.
4.
Remove the platen knob.
5.
Lift up the front side of the upper housing assembly by releasing 2 hooks from the holes located
on right and left of the front bottom side.
Figure 3-13 Releasing the Upper Housing Assembly Hooks
6
Remove the upper housing assembly.
Figure 3-14 Removing the Upper Housing Assembly
Assembly Note
The tightening torque for the CBB (4 × 14, F/Zn) =
Rev.A
0.98 Nm (10 ~ 12 Kg - cm)
3-11
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.8 Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly
1.
Remove the rear edge guide assembly, paper eject assembly, rear tractor unit, and printer cover
(see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Turn the upper housing assembly over and remove the case open sensor assembly by loosening
the CBB screw ( 3 × 8, F/Zn) fixing the sensor holder to the upper housing assembly.
C.B.Screw
(2 x8 F/Ni)
C.B.B. Screw
(3x8 F/Zn)
Case Open
Sensor Assembly
Sensor
Holder
Upper Housing Assembly
Figure 3-15 Removing the Case Open Sensor Assembly
3.2.9 Removing the CR Motor Assembly
1
Remove the rear edge guide assembly, paper eject assembly, rear tractor unit, and printer cover.
(see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the 2 CR mounting screws securing the CR motor assembly. After releasing the
extension spring (15.7 g), disengage the timing belt from the CR motor assembly.
4.
Disconnect the cable for CN11 from the C166 MAIN board assembly.
5.
Remove the CR motor assembly from the printer mechanism.
CR Mounting Screws
Figure 3-16 Removing the CR Motor Assembly
Assembly Notes
The tightening torque for the 2 CR mounting screws =
0.78 ~ 0.98 Nm (8~10 Kg - cm)
Adjust the bidirectional print alignment. Refer to Chapter 4.
3-12
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.10 Removing the Printer Mechanism
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
units, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board assembly (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assembly (see Section
3.2.7).
3.
Remove 4 printer mechanism mounting screws securing the printer mechanism.
4.
Disconnect the following connectors on the C166 MAIN board assembly:
CN4 ( 3-pin, white)
CN7 (4-pin, white FFC)
CN10 (4-pin, blue)
CN13 (4-pin, black)
❇
5.
CN5 ( 3-pin, black)
CN8 (18-pin, white FFC)
CN11 (5-pin, blue)
CN6 ( 2-pin, white )
CN9 (16-pin, white FFC)
CN12 (4-pin, white)
Disconnect the cables for CN10 and CN11 after releasing the connector locks by pulling up.
Remove the printer mechanism.
Printer Mechanism Mounting Screws
Figure 3-17 Removing the Printer Mechanism
Assembly Notes
Notice the connection for cables CN10 and CN11 and align the red colored cable to pin 1 of the
connector.
The tightening torque for the printer mechanism mounting screw=
0.98 Nm ~ 1.18 Nm (10 ~ 12 Kg - cm)
Adjust the bidirectional print alignment and reset the TPE level. Refer to Chapter 4.
Rev.A
3-13
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.10.1 Removing the PF Motor
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10).
4.
Remove the CBS screw (3 × 6, F/Zn) and CB screw (3 × 8, F/Zn) securing the PF motor.
5.
Disconnect connector CN10 from the C166 MAIN board assembly.
6.
Remove the PF motor from the right sub frame.
CBS Screws (3 x 6 F/Zn)
Figure 3-18 Removing the PF Motor
Assembly Note
Before attaching the PF motor to the proper position on the right sub frame, set the release lever
to the full release position.
The CB screw (3 × 8, FZ/n) is used to secure the upper part of the PF motor. The CBS screw
(3 × 6, FZ/n ) is used to secure the lower part of the PF motor.
The tightening torque for the CB and CBS screws (3 × 8, F/Zn) = 0.78 ~ 0.98 Nm (8 ~ 10 Kg - cm)
3-14
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.10.2 Removing the PG Sensor Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10 ).
4.
Remove the hexagon nut (standard, M4) securing the PG sensor assembly to the right frame
assembly.
Hexagon Nut (Standard, M4)
Figure 3-19 Removing the PG Sensor Assembly
Assembly Notes
The tightening torque for the hexagon nut (standard, M4) =
1.18 ~ 1.37 Nm (12 ~ 14 Kg f - cm)
When the sensors are mounted to the PG sensor holder be sure to mount the white connector’s
sensor in the upper position as shown in the following figure.
When securing the shaft, push the front CR guide shaft to the bottom of the cutout.
PG SW1
PG SW2
Figure 3-20 Mounting the Cables for the PG Sensor Assembly
Rev.A
3-15
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.10.3 Removing the Right Frame Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10 ), CR motor assembly (see Section 3.2.9), PF
motor, (see Section 3.2.10.1) and PG sensor assembly (see Section 3.2.10.2 ).
4.
Remove the hexagon nut (standard, M4) securing the gap adjust lever. Then, remove the gap
adjust lever from the right frame assembly.
5.
Remove 2 CBS screws (3 × 6, F/Zn) securing the platen cover.
6.
Remove 3 CBS screws (3 × 6, F/Zn) securing the right frame assembly at the positions illustrated.
CBS Screw (3 x6) Securing the Right Frame Assembly
Figure 3-21 Removing the Right Frame Assembly
7.
Remove the right frame assembly.
Assembly Notes
Adjust the platen gap and bidirectional print alignment. Refer to Chapter 4.
3.2.10.4 Disassembling the Right Frame Assembly
1.
Remove 1 CBS screw (3 × 6, F/Zn ) and 1 CBS screw (3 × 8, F/Zn) securing the right sub frame.
(The bold line in the illustration is the right sub frame.)
Right Sub Frame
CBS Screw (3 X6 FZ/n )
Securing the Right Sub Fram
CBS Screw (3 x 8 F/Zn)
Securing the Right Sub Frame
Figure 3-22 Removing the Right Sub Frame
3-16
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
2.
Remove the right sub frame from the right frame assembly.
3.
Remove the following 11 parts from the right frame assembly.
2 compression springs (200 g) 2 plain washers
1 spur gear (27 mm)
2 spur gears (34.5 mm)
1 spur gear (34 mm) 1 spur gear (21 mm)
1 combination gear (8 mm, 31.5 mm)
1 intermittent gear
Assembly Notes
Adjust the bidirectional print alignment. Refer to Chapter 4.
Mount the 11 parts above on the right frame assembly, as shown in the following figures.
Spur Gear
(21 mm)
Compression Spring (200g)
Plan Washer
Super Gear
(34.5 mm)
Combination Gear
(8mm/ 31.5mm)
Intermittent Gear
Compression Spring (200g)
Plan Washer
Spur Gear (27mm)
Spur Gear (34.5mm)
Spur Gear (34mm)
Figure 3-23 Engaging Gears 1
Rev.A
3-17
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
Assembly Notes
When you engage the release lever and release lever transmission to the tractor clutch cam, notice
the points in the following figure.
The tightening torque for the CBS screws (3 × 6, F/Zn) and (3 × 8, F/Zn)
0.78 ~ 0.98 N.m (8 ~ 10 Kg - cm)
The tightening torque for the hexagon nut (standard, M4)
1.18 ~ 1.37 N.m(12 ~ 14 Kg f - cm)
=
Notice how the intermittent gear, release lever, and release lever transmission are engaged.
Lever, Release
Lever, Release, Transmission
Intermittent Gear
Figure 3-24 Engaging Gears 2
Pay attention to how the tractor clutch cam is engaged. Refer to the following figure.
Tractor Clutch Cam
Figure 3-25 Engaging the Tractor Clutch Cam
3-18
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.10.5 Removing the Left Frame Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board assembly (see Section 3.2.2), upper housing assembly (see Section 3.2.7),
and then remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10 ).
3.
Remove 2 CBS screws (3 × 6, F/Zn) securing the platen cover.
4.
Remove the hexagon nut (standard, M4) securing the front CR guide shaft and left frame.
5
Remove 4 CBS screws (3 × 6, F/Zn) securing the left frame assembly.
Platen Cover
C.B.S Screw (3 X 6 FZ/n)
Hexagon Nut (Normal, M4)
CBS Screw (3 X 6 FZ/n ) Securing the Left Frame Assembly
Figure 3-26 Removing the Left Frame Assembly
6.
Disconnect 2 connector cables from the 2 release lever sensors, and then disconnect the
connector cable from the HP sensor.
7.
Remove the left frame assembly.
Assembly Notes
Notice the connection of the release lever sensor cables. The white conector’s cable should be
connected to the SW1 sensor, as shown in the following figure.
The tightening torque for the CBS screw (3 × 6, F/Zn) = 0.78 ~ 0.98 Nm (8 ~ 10 Kg f - cm)
The tightening torque for the hexagon nut (standard, M4) = 1.18 ~ 1.37 Nm (12 ~ 14 Kg f - cm)
Adjust the platen gap and bidirectional print alignment. Refer to Chapter 4.
Platen
Release SW1
(White connector)
Left Frame Assembly
Release SW2
(Black Connector)
Figure 3-27 Cable Connections for the Release Lever Sensors
Rev.A
3-19
Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.10.6 Removing the Ribbon Drive (RD) Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1).
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10).
4.
Remove the left frame assembly (see Section 3.2.10.5).
5.
Remove 2 CBS screws (3 × 8, F/Zn ) securing the RD assembly to the front frame.
6.
Remove the RD assembly from the front frame.
7.
Remove the timing belt from the RD assembly.
Driven Pully Assembly
RD Assembly
Timing Belt
Figure 3-28 Removing the RD Assembly
Assembly Notes
Notice how the gears in the RD assembly are engaged. Refer to the following figure.
The tightening torque for the CBS screw (3 × 8, F/Zn) =
0.78 ~ 0.98 N.m (8 ~ 10 Kg - cm)
Adjust the platen gap and perform the bidirectional print alignment. See Chapter 4.
Rachet, RD
Combination Spring (7 g/ 23 g)
Driven Pulley
Assembly
Spur Gear
(11 mm)
Spur Gear (25 mm)
Figure 3-29 Engaging Gears for the RD Assembly
3-20
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.10.7 Removing the CR Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit , and printer cover.
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7) .
3.
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10 ).
4.
Remove the left frame assembly (see Section 3.2.10.5) and RD assembly (see Section 3.2.10.6).
5.
Disconnect 3 FFCs from the printhead and PW sensor assembly.
PW Sensor Assembly
CB Screw (2 x 5 F/Zn)
Figure 3-30 Disconnecting the FFCs
6.
Disengage the timing belt from the CR motor pinion gear.
7.
Remove the CR assembly from the rear/front CR guide shaft.
Figure 3-31 Removing the CR Assembly
8.
Remove the timing belt from the 2 holding slots under CR assembly.
9.
Remove the CR assembly.
Assembly Note
Adjust the platen gap and the bidirectional print alignment. Refer to Chapter 4.
Rev.A
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Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
Assembly Notes
Insert the timing belt properly into the 2 holding slots at the bottom of the CR assembly. Take up
the timing belt slack between the two slots completely, as shown in the following figure.
Insert the 2 oil pads into the proper positions in the CR assembly, as shown.
If you remove the rear CR guide shaft along with the CR assembly, be sure to reinstall the rear CR
guide shaft in the printer mechanism. The rear CR guide shaft has been drilled through the shaft
near the right edge, and one side of the hole has a chamfered edge. This edge should be up.
CR Assembly
Timing Belt
Figure 3-32 Inserting the Timing Belt
Oil Pads
Carriage Assembly
Figure 3-33 Installing the Oil Pad in the CR Assembly
Chamfered hole
Left Frame Assembly
Figure 3-34 Assembling the Rear CR Guide Shaft
3-22
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.10.8 Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly
1
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover.
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10).
4.
Turn the printer mechanism over, and insert a standard screwdriver or other prying tool into
hole in the rear frame shown in the figure.
5.
Release 2 clips while pushing up the rear PE sensor with the screwdriver or other prying tool.
Rear PE Sensor Assembly
2 Clips
Figure 3-35 Removing the Rear PE Sensor Assembly
6.
Remove the rear PE sensor after disconnecting the connector.
3.2.10.9 Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover.
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the printer mechanism (see Section 3.2.10).
4.
Turn the printer mechanism over on the reverse side and remove the front PE sensor by pushing
and releasing the 2 clips.
Front PE Sensor Assembly
Figure 3-36 Removing the Front PE Sensor Assembly
Rev.A
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Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.2.11 Removing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover (see Section 3.2.1)
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Disconnect the following connectors from the C166 MAIN board assembly.
CN3 (10-pin , blue)
CN6 (2-pin, white)
CN9 (16-pin, white FFC)
CN12 (4-pin, white)
❇
❇
CN4 (3-pin, white)
CN7 (4-pin, white FFC)
CN10 (4-pin, blue)
CN13 (4-pin, black)
CN5 (3-pin, black)
CN8 (18-pin, white FFC)
CN11 (5-pin, blue)
CN15 (22-pin FFC)
Disconnect the cables for CN10 and CN11 after releasing the connector lock.
Disconnect the cable for CN3 by pushing down the connector lock.
4.
Remove the 2 CBS screws ( 3 × 12, F/Zn) securing the upper connector cover.
5.
Remove 5 CBB screws (3 × 12, F/Zn) and 1 CBC lamitate screw (3 × 8, F/Zn ) securing the C166
MAIN board assembly to the lower housing assembly.
6. Remove the option I/F cage from the C166 MAIN board by releasing the hooks which is fixing it
C166 MAIN board.
to the
C 166 MAIN Baord Assembly
Figure 3-37 Removing the C166 MAIN Baord Assembly
7.
Remove the C166 MAIN board assembly.
Assembly Notes
Notice the location of the CBC lamitite screw (3 × 8, F/Zn). Refer to the above figure.
Lock CN10 and CN11 by pushing down each connector’s lock after inserting the connector cable.
The tightening torque for the CBB (3 × 12, F/Zn) screw =
The tightening torque for CBB (3 × 8, F/Zn) screw =
0.78 ~ 0.98 Nm (8 ~ 10 Kg f - cm)
0.78 ~ 0.98 Nm (8 ~ 10 Kg f - cm)
If you replace the main board, adjust the bidirectional print alignment and run the default setting
program. Refer to Chapter 4.
3-24
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.2.12 Removing the C166 PSB/E Board Assembly
1.
Remove the rear/front edge guide assembly, front cover, paper eject assembly, rear/front tractor
unit, and printer cover.
2.
Remove the panel board (see Section 3.2.2) and upper housing assemblies (see Section 3.2.7).
3.
Remove the 5 CBB screws (3 × 12, F/Zn) securing the C166 PSB/E board assembly.
4.
Disconnect the cable for CN3 on the C166 MAIN board assembly.
5.
Disconnect the cable for the fan motor from CN3 on the C166 PSB/E board assembly.
6.
Remove the C166 PSB/E board assembly while pulling up the fan motor.
CN3 Connector
Figure 3-38 Removing the C166 PSB/E Board Assembly
Assembly Notes
Insert the cable for CN2 (C166 PSB/E board assembly side) under the fan motor.
The tightening torque for the CBB screw (3 × 12, F/Zn) =
0.78 ~ 0.98 Nm (8 ~ 10 Kg - cm)
Notice the direction for mounting the fan motor. Refer to the following figure.
Figure 3-39 Direction for Mounting the Fan Motor
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Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.3. Disassembly and Assembly of CSF Bin 1
This section describes procedures for disassembling and assembling the optional cut sheet feeder. In
general, you can install a component in the CSF simply by reversing the procedure for removing it.
Therefore, this section does not describe assembly procedures in most cases. If necessary, special notes on
assembling a component are given at the end of the description of each procedure.
3.3.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block
1. Remove the CSF gear cover by pushing and releasing the 4 clips in the following figure.
CSF Gear Cover
Right CSF Frame
Figure 3-40 Releasing the Clips for the CSF Gear Cover
2.
Remove the 3 CPB tight (3 × 12) screws securing the stepping motor to the right CSF frame.
3.
Disconnect connector CN1 from the CSF board assembly, and then remove the stepping motor.
4.
Remove the CPB tight (3 × 12) screw securing the CSF board assembly, and disconnect connector
CN2.
5.
Remove the CSF board assembly by releasing 1 clip fixing the CSF board assembly to the right
CSF frame.
6.
Remove the 13 gears mounted on the right CSF frame.
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FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
Assembly Notes
Be careful of the cable alignment for the CN1 connector cable and earth cables. Align those
cables as shown in the following figure. If these cables is not aligned properly, the CSF gear
cover cannot be assembled properly.
Right CSF Frame
Connector CN1
Connector CN2
Figure 3-41 Cable Alignment
Use the following figure to assemble the 13 gears onto the right CSF frame.
Gear (29 mm)
Driven Transmission Gear
Paper Eject DrivenTransmission Gear
CSF Planetary.
Lever Assembly
Gear (30 mm)
Co mbi nat ion Gear (20mm /33.5m m)
Combination Gear( 8.5mm/33mm)
Gear (18mm)
CSF Planetary Lever
Gear (15mm)
Gear
(15.5mm)
Paper Eject
Gears
Transmission
(10 mm)
Sub Assembly
Gear A
Figure 3-42 Engaging 13 Gears
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Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.3.2 Disassembling Paper Support Block Assembly
1.
Remove the CSF gear cover. Refer to step 1 in Section 3.3.1.
2.
Remove the stepping motor. Refer to steps 2 and 3 in the Section 3.3.1.
3.
Remove the E-ring fixing the right edge of the paper feed shaft.
Figure 3-43 Removing the E-ring
4.
Remove 1 gear (29 mm) from the right edge of the paper feed shaft.
Paper Feed Shaft
Gear(29 mm)
Figure 3-44 Removing 1 Gear (29mm)
5.
Remove the paper feed shaft by pulling it toward the right side.
6.
Remove the CPB tight (3 × 8) screw securing the paper support shaft to the right CSF frame, as
shown in the following figure.
Paper Support Shaft
CPB tight Screw (3X8)
Figure 3-45 Removing the CBP Tight (3 x 8) Screw
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Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
7.
Disassembly and Assembly
Remove the paper support assembly along with the paper support shaft and paper shaft holder
by pulling upward.
Figure 3-46 Removing the Paper Support Block Assembly
8.
Remove both paper feed rollers from both paper support assemblies.
9.
Remove both paper loading roller cover assemblies by releasing the clips fixing them to the
paper support assembly.
Paper Support Assembly
Paper Loading Roller Cover
Figure 3-47 Removing the Paper Loading Roller Cover Assembly
10. Remove the paper support shaft by pulling it toward the right or left side.
11. Remove the paper holder spring.
Assembly Note
Be sure to assemble the paper feed roller into the proper side. The right and left rollers are not
interchangeable.
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Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.3.3 Removing the Paper Eject Assembly Cover
1.
Remove the paper eject assembly cover by releasing 2 clips located along both edges of the paper
eject assembly cover, as shown in the following figure.
Cover, Paper Eject Assy.,
Figure 3-48 Removing the Paper Eject Assembly Cover
Assembly Note
When attaching the paper eject assembly cover to the CSF unit, pay attention to the position of 2
pieces of thin plastic film glued on the reverse side of the paper eject assembly cover, as shown in
the following figure.
Thin Plastic Film
Figure 3-49 Assembling the Paper Eject Assembly Cover
3-30
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FX-2170 Service Manual
Disassembly and Assembly
3.4 Disassembly and Assembly of CSF Bin 2
3.4.1 Disassembling the Right Side Block
1.
Remove the gear train cover by releasing the 4 clips shown in the following figure.
Gear Train Cover
Figure 3-50 Removing the Gear Train Cover
2.
Remove the following 5 gears and 1 spring from the right CSF frame.
Assembly Note
Pay attention how the 5 gears are engaged. Refer to the following figure.
Combination Gear ( 25 mm/11mm)
CSF Planetary Lever Assembly
CSF Transmission Gauge
Spring
White Gear ( 22mm)
Plain Washer
Gear (22mm)
Figure 3-51 Engaging 5 Gears
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Disassembly and Assembly
FX-2170 Service Manual
3.4.2 Disassembling the Paper Support Block Assembly
1.
Remove 1 E -ring fixing the paper feed roller shaft to the right CSF frame.
2.
Remove 2 CTBS (3 × 8) screws securing the paper support shaft to both right and left CSF frames.
E- ring
CTPB Screw (3x8)
Right CSF Frame
Figure 3-52 Removing 1 E-ring and 2 CTBS Screws
3.
Remove both paper support assemblies along with the paper feed roller shaft and paper support
shaft.
4.
Remove the paper feed shaft from both paper support assemblies by pulling them toward the
right or left side.
5.
Remove both paper feed rollers from the paper support assemblies.
6.
Remove both CSF roller covers by releasing the clips fixing them to the paper support assemblies.
7.
Remove the paper support shaft by pulling out it toward the right or left side.
Left CSF Roller Cover
Right CSF Roller Cover
Figure 3-53 Removing the CSF Roller Cover
8.
Remove the paper holder, and then remove the paper holder spring.
Assembly Note
Be careful to assemble the paper feed roller into the proper side of the paper support assembly. The
right and left rollers are not interchangeable.
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CHAPTER 4
Adjustments
Table of Contents
4.1 ADJUSTMENT OVERVIEW
4-1
4.1.1 Required Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.1.2. Required Adjustment Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.2 ADJUSTING AND RESETTING THE PRINTER
4.2.1 Platen Gap Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.2 Bidirectional Print Alignment Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.2.1 Bi-d Print Alignment Adjustment on the Settings Diskette . . . . . . .
4.2.2.2 Bi-d Print Alignment Adjustment on the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.3 Factory Setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.4 TPE Level Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-2
4-4
4-4
4-6
4-7
4-8
List of Figures
Figure 4-1. Removing the Ribbon Mask. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-2. Setting Position for PG Adjust Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-3. Platen Gap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-4. Adjusting the Parallelism of the CR Guide Shaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-5. Machine Select Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-6. Setting File Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-7. Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-8. Bidirectional Adjustment Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-9. Current Bi-d Print Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-10. Guide Sheet for Bi-d Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-11. Machine Select Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-12. Setting File Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-13. Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-14. Machine Select Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-15. Setting File Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4-16. Manin Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-4
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-7
4-7
4-8
4-8
4-8
Lists of Tables
Table 4-1. Required Adjustment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
Table 4-2. Required Adjustment Tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
FX-2170 Service Manual
Adjustment
4.1 ADJUSTMENT OVERVIEW
4.1.1 Required Adjustments
This section describes what adjustments are required after any part is removed or replaced. The following
table shows the relationship between the repaired item and the adjustment.
Table 4-1 Required Adjustments
Platen
Gap
Bi-d Print
Alignment
Factory
Settings
TPE Level
Reset
—- ( ❇1)
❍ ( ❇ 2)
—-
❍
Main Board Replacement
—-
❍
❍
—-
EEPROM Replacement
—-
❍
❍
—-
PW Sensor Assembly Replacement
—-
—-
—-
❍
Platen Assembly Replacement or Removal
❍
—-
—-
—-
CR Motor Assembly Replacement or Removal
—-
❍
—-
—-
Right Frame Assembly Replacement or
Removal
❍
❍
—-
—-
Right Frame Disassembly
—-
❍
—-
—-
Left Frame Replacement or Removal
❍
❍
—-
—-
RD Assembly Replacement or Removal
❍
❍
—-
—-
CR Assembly Replacement or Removal
❍
❍
—-
—-
Repaired Item \ Adjustment
Printer Mechanism Replacement
( ❇ 1) : —- means adjustment is not required.
( ❇ 2) : ❍ means adjustment is required.
Note
When any part is replaced or reassembled, use the Check Program included on the Settings
Diskette, and check the performance and settings of various check patterns.
4.1.2 Required Adjustment Tools
The following table shows the tools required for each adjustment.
Table 4-2 Required Adjustment Tools
Adjustment
Required Tool
Page
Platen Gap
Thickness Gauge (B776702201)
4-2
Bi-d Print Alignment
Settings Diskette ( ❇ 1) or Remote Utility or Panel Operation
4-4
Factory Settings ( ❇ 2)
Settings Diskette
4-7
TPE Level Reset
Settings Diskette
4-8
❇ 1:
The Settings Diskette contains 3 settings programs: the bidirectional adjustment program,
factory settings program, and TPE (top paper end) level rewrite. The diskette also includes 4
check programs: continuous form paper, A3 cut sheets, A4 cut sheets, and envelopes.
❇ 2:
This factory settings program includes several factory setting items. Using this program sets
the printer to the destination factory settings.
Rev. A
4-1
Adjustment
FX-2170 Service Manual
4.2 ADJUSTING AND RESETTING THE PRINTER
4.2.1 Platen Gap Adjustment
If you have rotated or reassembled the rear CR guide shaft or parallelism adjustment bushing, or if printing is
light or dark, even at the proper PG lever position, perform this adjustment at 3 positions: the 5th, 80th, and
130th columns.
1.
Remove the printhead from the CR assembly (see Section 3.2.3).
2.
Remove the ribbon mask from the ribbon mask holder using tweezers, as shown in the figure.
Ribbon Mask
Ribbon Mask Holder
Figure 4-1 Removing the Ribbon Mask
3.
Attach the printhead to the CR assembly again, tightening the 2 CBS screws (3 × 10, F/Zn).
4.
Move the printhead to 5th column position.
5.
Set the release lever to the FRICTION position.
6.
Set the PG adjust lever to the second slot from rear of the printer mechanism as shown in the
following illustration.
7.
Loosen the hexagon nut (standard, M4) securing the PG adjust lever while setting the PG adjust
lever to the second slot position from the rear of the printer mechanism.
PG Adjust Lever
P G S W1
P G S W2
PG Adjust Slot
Figure 4-2 Setting the PG Adjust Lever
8.
4-2
Insert the thickness gauge vertically between the printhead and platen.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
9.
Adjustment
Insert a thin screwdriver into the drilled hole, located at the right edge of the rear CR guide shaft
and adjust the platen gap by moving the screwdriver to forward or backward until the gap is large
enough for a 0.36 mm thickness gauge but too narrow for a 0.40 mm thickness gauge.
10. When the gap is correct at the 5th column, check the platen gap at the 80th, and then the 130th
column positions.
Figure 4-3 Platen Gap
11. If the platen gap is wider at the 5th column than the 130th column, adjust the parallelism for the
rear CR guide shaft by moving the parallelism adjustment bushing backward. If the platen gap is
more narrow for the 5th column than the 130th column, adjust the parallelism of the CR guide
shaft by moving the parallelism adjustment bushing forward. Refer to the following figure.
Figure 4-4 Adjusting the Parallelism of the CR Guide Shaft
12. Continue performing adjustment steps 8 to 11 until the platen gap is correct at all 3 positions.
After completing the adjustment, remove the screwdriver from the rear CR guide shaft.
13. After inserting the ribbon mask in the ribbon mask holder and installing the printhead into CR
assembly, tighten the 2 CBS screws (3 × 8,F/Zn) to attach the printhead.
14. Tighten the hexagon nut (standard, M4) securing the PG adjust lever.
Rev. A
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Adjustment
FX-2170 Service Manual
4.2.2 Bidirectional Print Alignment Adjustment
This section describes the procedure for adjusting the bidirectional print alignment, required after mechanism
repair. This procedure is also necessary if you replace the main board assembly or EEPROM, because the
adjusted value is written to the EEPROM on the C166 MAIN board. You can perform the adjustment from
the Settings Diskette, using the control panel, or with a remote utility. This section describes the adjustment
procedure with the Settings Diskette first, and then describes the adjustment procedure using the control
panel.
Notes:
• When the main board is replaced, reset the Factory Settings first, then perform the
bidirectional adjustment.
• Do not perform the Bi-d adjustment if the input voltage is fluctuating heavily.
4.2.2.1 Bi-d Print Alignment Adjustment using the Settings Diskette
1.
Insert the Settings Diskette into Drive A of the PC and the power on.
2.
Type GWBASIC and press ENTER.
3.
Load and run the J10A00E program. First, the program displays Machine Select Menu.
Program : J10A00E
9 pins VR 0 = 0
Setting : DEFSTD
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
[ Printer select ]
> (1) 9 pins
(2) 24 pins
Figure 4-5 Machine Select Menu
Note:
DEFSTD is the default U.S. setting.
4.
Highlight 9 pins by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and select it by pressing ENTER.
5.
After you select 9 pins, you see the following menu.
Program : J10A00E
9 pins VR 0 = 0
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Setting : DEFSTD
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
Setting File ]
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
ITALIC
RUSSIAN
Figure 4-6 Setting File Menu
6.
In this menu, highlight the factory settings for the printer’s destination by moving the cursor
with the ↑ or ↓ key and select the destination factory settings by pressing ENTER.
7.
After you select the each factory settings, the program displays the Main Menu, shown below.
Program : J10A00E
Setting : DEFSTD
9 pins VR 0 = 0
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
[ Main MENU ]
> (1) Bi-d Adjust
(6) TPE LEVEL RESET
(2) Check Pro. (FF)
(3) Check Pro. (A3)
(4) Check Pro. (A4)
(5) Check Pro. (Envelope)
Figure 4-7 Main Menu
8.
Highlight Bi-d Adjust by moving the cursor with the ↑ or ↓ key and select it by pressing
ENTER.
9.
After you select Bi-d Adjust, the program displays the Bi-D Adjustment Menu, shown on the
next page.
4-4
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FX-2170 Service Manual
Adjustment
< Bi-d adjustment >
> Mode 0 = 0
Mode 1 = 0
Mode 2 = 0
Cancel
[ ESC ]
Print
[ SPACE ]
Speed
[
Value
]
[
]
Write
[ RET ]
Default
[ HOME ]
Figure 4-8 Bi-d Adjustment Menu
10. Highlight the mode by moving the cursor with the ↑ or ↓ key, and then print the current Bi-d
print alignment pattern for that mode by pressing SPACE.
Mode 0
VR0 = 0
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH
Figure 4-9 Current Bi-d Print Alignment
11. If the Bi-d pattern is not aligned properly, adjust it by changing the value with the ← or → key.
If the second row is shifted to the right of the first row, change the value by pressing the ← key,
and print the new Bi-d print alignment pattern by pressing SPACE. If the second row is shifted to
the left of the first row, change the value by pressing the → key, and print the new Bi-d print
alignment pattern by pressing SPACE. Perform this operation for each mode (0, 1, and 2).
12. When the Bi-d print alignment is correct for each print mode, press ENTER to write the
adjusted values to the EEPROM and print the adjusted value for each mode. This operation
returns the program to the Main Menu automatically.
13. To exit this program, press ESC until the computer returns to the MS-DOS prompt.
Note
The factory settings are written to the EEPROM when you run one of the the check programs,
shown in the Main Menu. After you select the factory settings, be sure to run the check program.
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Adjustment
FX-2170 Service Manual
4.2.2.2 Bi-d Print Alignment Adjustment from the Control Panel
1.
Turn the printer on while pressing the PAUSE button to put the printer into Bi-D adjustment
mode.
2.
The printer prints out a guide sheet, containing 25 patterns in Super Draft mode.
3.
Look for the pattern most closely aligned on the sheet.
To adjust your printer, follow these steps
1. Look for the alignment pattern that is most closely alignment and press the Pitch button until the lights
indicate the appropriate pattern number as shown below.
2. Press the Font switch to resister your selection. The printer prints additional pages that display alignment
patterns.
3. When you have made your last selection (sheet LQ), turn the printer off.
Pattern number
Pitch LEDs
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Super Draft
No, 1
No, 2
Figure 4-10 Guide Sheet for Bi-d Adjustment
4.
Press the PITCH button until the lights match those for the best-aligned pattern on the guide
sheet.
5
Press the FONT button to save your selection. The printer then prints 25 patterns in Draft print
mode on the additional pages.
6.
Return to step 3 of this procedure to adjust the bidirectional alignment in Draft mode.
7.
After you perform steps 3 to 5 above for Draft mode, go back to step 3 to adjust NLQ mode.
8.
When you have made your last selection in NLQ mode, turn the printer off to finish the
adjustment.
4-6
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Adjustment
4.2.3 Factory Settings
This section describes the procedure to reset factory settings, which is necessary if the main board or
EEPROM is replaced. You can perform this procedure only with the Settings Diskette.
Notes: •
After you select factory settings in the Setting File menu, be sure to run the check program
in the Main Menu. Running the check program writes the selected factory settings to the
EEPROM and prints several check patterns.
1.
Insert the Settings Diskette into Drive A of the PC and turn PC power on.
2.
Type GWBASIC, and press ENTER.
3.
Load and run the J10A00E program. The program displays the Machine Select Menu shown
below.
Program : J10A00E
9 pins VR 0 = 0
Setting : DEFSTD
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
[ Printer select ]
> (1) 9 pins
(2) 24 pins
Figure 4-11 Machine Select Menu
4.
In this menu, highlight 9 pins by moving the cursor with the ↑ or ↓ key and select it by pressing
ENTER.
5.
After you select 9 pins, the Setting File menu is shown.
Program : J10A00E
9 pins VR 0 = 0
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Setting : DEFSTD
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
Setting File ]
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
ITALIC
RUSSIAN
Figure 4-12 Setting File Menu
6.
In this menu, highlight the destination factory settings by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and
select the destination factory settings by pressing ENTER.
7.
After you select the factory settings, the program displays the Main Menu.
Program : J10A00E
Setting : DEFSTD
9 pins VR 0 = 0
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
[ Main MENU ]
(1) Bi-d Adjust
(6) TPE LEVEL RESET
> (2) Check Pro. (FF)
(3) Check Pro. (A3)
(4) Check Pro. (A4)
(5) Check Pro. (Envelope)
Figure 4-13 Main Menu
8.
In this menu, select one of the check programs, from 2 to 5, depending on the paper loaded, run
that check program to print out check patterns. Running the check program writes the selected
factory settings to EEPROM.
9.
To exit the program, press ESC until the display returns to the MS-DOS prompt.
Rev. A
4-7
Adjustment
FX-2170 Service Manual
4.2.4 TPE Level Reset
This section describes the procedure to reset the TPE (top paper end) level. This operation is required when
the PW sensor assembly is replaced, and if it is not performed, the printer does not recognize that the PW
sensor has been replaced, thus, limiting the ability of the new sensor to operate. This reset operation can be
performed only from the Settings Diskette.
Note:
•
After this operation, the reset value for the TPE LEVEL is printed out automatically.
Check that the reset value is FF.
1.
Insert the Settings Diskette into Drive A of the PC, and turn the power on.
2.
Type GWBASIC and press ENTER.
3.
Load and run the J10A00E program. First, the Machine Select Menu is displayed.
Program : J10A00E
Setting : DEFSTD
9 pins VR 0 = 0
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
[ Printer select
> (1) 9 pins
(2) 24 pins
]
Figure 4-14 Machine Select Menu
4.
In this menu, highlight 9 pins by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key, and select it by pressing
ENTER.
5.
After you select 9 pins, the Setting File menu is displayed.
Program : J10A00E
9 pins VR 0 = 0
[
> (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Setting : DEFSTD
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
Setting File ]
DEFSTD
EURSTD
NLSP
ITALIC
RUSSIAN
Figure 4-15 Setting File Menu
6.
In this menu, highlight the destination factory settings by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key,
and select the factory settings by pressing ENTER.
7.
After you select the factory settings, the Main Menu is displayed.
Program : J10A00E
Setting : DEFSTD
9 pins VR 0 = 0
VR 1 = 0
VR 2 = 0
[ Main MENU ]
(1) Bi-d Adjust
> (6) TPE LEVEL RESET
(2) Check Pro. (FF)
(3) Check Pro. (A3)
(4) Check Pro. (A4)
(5) Check Pro. (Envelope)
Figure 4-16 Main Menu
8.
In this menu, highlight TPE LEVEL RESET by moving the cursor with ↑ or ↓ key and select it by
pressing ENTER. This operation prints the reset value of the TPE LEVEL automatically. The reset
value should be FFH. Check that the reset value is FFH.
9.
To exit the program, press ESC until the display returns to the MS-DOS prompt.
4-8
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Table of Contents
5.1 OVERVIEW
5-1
5.2 TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION
5.2.1 PRINTHEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.2 SENSORS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.3 MOTORS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2.4 ERROR CODES WITH THE INDICATORS AND BUZZER . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-3
5.3 UNIT LEVEL TROUBLESHOOTING
5-4
5.4 REPAIRING THE C166PSB/PSE BOARD ASSEMBLY
5-10
5.5 REPAIRING THE C166 MAIN BOARD ASSEMBLY
5-12
5.6 REPAIRING THE PRINTER MECHANISM
5-15
List of Figures
Figure 5-1. Printhead Connector Pin Alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-2. Flowchart — 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-3. Flowchart — 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-4. Flowchart — 2-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-5. Flowchart — 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5-6. Flowchart — 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8
5-9
List of Tables
Table 5-1. Printhead Coil Resistance Test Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Table 5-2. Sensor Test Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Table 5-3. Motor Test Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Table 5-4. Indicators and Buzzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Table 5-5. Symptoms and Problem Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Table 5-6. Repairing the C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Table 5-7. Repairing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Table 5-8. Repairing the Printer Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Rev.A
5-1
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
5.1 OVERVIEW
This chapter contains flowcharts and checkpoint tables to help you troubleshoot the printer. Flowcharts let
you isolate a faulty unit based on abnormal symptoms. The checkpoint tables let you identify the faulty part
or unit by checking the values or ranges listed for each component.
5.2 TROUBLESHOOTING INFORMATION
This section gives troubleshooting information to let you check test points for replaceable units.
5.2.1 Printhead
5-1. Printhead Coil Resistance Test Points
Test Method
Common
Pin No.
Test
Pin No.
Refer to the
following figure.
Refer to the
following figure.
(Set meter to ohms. Disconnect
the printhead after the printer is
powered off.)
Meter Reading
Place one lead on each pin and the
other lead on each common pin.
16.4 ± 10% Ω
( at 25° C, 77° F)
R
3
X 15 C5 2 C6 5 16 11 C7 17 C8 X 14 4 8
F
R
F
X 1
9
13 7 C1 X 18 C2 12 C3 C4 X 6 10 T
F
COM.
C1
Pin No, 1.7.13
T
X
R
C2
C3
9
10.18
C4
6.12
COM.
C5
C6
C7
C8
Pin No,
2.5.11
3.15
16.17
4.8.14
T : Thermistor terminal
X : Not used
Figure 5-1 Printhead Connector Pin Alignment
Rev.A
5-1
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
5.2.2 Sensors
Table 5-2 Sensor Test Points
Sensor Connector
Number
CN4
(HP Sensor)
Test Pin
Number
1: HP
Test Method
(Set Meter to DC Voltage. )
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 2, and check the voltage while
blocking the two sensor terminals.
Meter Reading
Open: +5 V
(Home position)
Short: 0 V
(Not home)
^
2: GND
^
^
3: +5 V
^
CN5
(Rear PE Sensor)
1: +5 V
Place one lead on pin 2 and the other
lead on pin 3, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
Open: +5 V
(Paper loaded)
Short: 0 V
(No paper)
^
2: PE
^
^
3: GND
^
CN6
(Front PE Sensor)
^
CN13
(PG Sensors
1 and 2)
1: PE
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 2, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
2: GND
1: PG 1
^
2: GND
^
3: PG 2
^
4: GND
CN12
(Release Sensors 1
and 2)
1: Release 1
^
2: GND
^
3: Release 2
^
4: GND
CN7
(PW Sensor)
1: E
Open : +5 V
(Paper loaded)
Short: 0 V
(No paper)
^
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 2, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
Place one lead on pin 3 and the other
lead on pin 4, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
Open: +5 V
Short: 0 V
^
^
^
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 2, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
Place one lead on pin 3 and the other
lead on pin 4, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
Open: +5 V
Short: 0 V
^
^
^
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 2, and check the voltage while
inserting and removing paper between
the platen and sensor.
0 < Open Voltage
(No paper)
< Short Voltage
(Paper loaded)
^
2: GND
^
^
3: +5 V
^
^
4: A
^
CN2
(Case Open Sensor)
^
5-2
1: COPEN
2: GND
Place one lead on pin 1 and the other
lead on pin 2, and check the voltage while
toggling the sensor lever.
Open: +5 V
(Case open)
Short: 0 V
(Case closed)
^
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
5.2.3 Motors
Table 5-3 Motor Test Points
Test Method
Motor
Connector
Number
Common
Pin
Number
Test Pin
Number
CR Motor
CN11
5
1, 2, 3, 4
Place one lead on pin 5 and the
other lead on each of 4 test pins.
2.7 Ω ± 10 %
(at 25° C, 77° F)
1, 2, 3, 4
Place one lead on pin 1 and other
lead on pin 2.
Place one lead on pin 3 and other
lead on pin 4.
16 Ω ± 10%
(at 25° C, 77° F)
PF Motor
CN10
—
(Set Meter to Ohms. Disconnect
Motor from Main Board after the
Printer is Powered off.)
Meter Reading
5.2.4 Error Codes with Indicators and Buzzer
Table 5-4 Indicators and Buzzer
Error
Condition
Pause
^
Buzzer
❇1
Indicator
Paper Out
Tear Off /
Bin
Pitch
Font
^
Paper Out
On
On
—
—
—
❍×3
Paper Jam
On
Blinks
—
—
—
●×5
Head Hot
Blinks
—
—
—
—
—
Cover Open
On
—
—
—
—
❍×3
Fatal Error
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
Blinks
●×5
❇ 1:
❍ indicates that the beep sounds for 100 ms with an interval of 100 ms.
● indicates that the beep sounds 500 ms with an interval of 100 ms.
Rev.A
5-3
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
5.3 UNIT LEVEL TROUBLESHOOTING
You may be able to identify the defective unit just from the symptom displayed. The table below provides the
symptoms for a number of failures. Once you identify the problem, refer to the flowchart listed in the
right-hand column of the table below to determine the cause of the problem.
Table 5-5. Symptoms and Problem Descriptions
Symptom
Problem Description
Flowchart No.
Abnormal CR
Operation
• Carriage does not move at all.
• When the printer is powered on, the CR moves
away
from home position after a moment and stops. All
indicator LEDs on the control panel blink.
Abnormal Paper
Feed
Flowchart 2
• Paper does not feed at all.
• When the printer is powered on, paper is ejected
Flowchart 2-1
automatically.
• When paper is loaded, it is ejected automatically and
then the printer indicates “Ready.”
Abnormal Control
Panel Operation
• Control panel indicator LEDs do not light.
• Operate button does not work.
• Panel buttons do not operate.
Flowchart 3
Abnormal Printing
• No image is printed.
• Faulty printing — some dots are not printing.
Flowchart 4
5-4
Flowchart 1
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
1. Abnormal CR Operation
START
When
the printer is
powered on, does
the CR motor
rotate?
Is CN11
connected
correctly?
NO
NO
Connect
CN11
correctly.
YES
YES
Check the resistance
of the motor coils.
See Table 5-3.
Does
the CR motor
stop during or after
initialization?
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
YES
Is it
OK?
YES
NO
END
YES
Replace the
C166 MAIN
board.
When
you move the CR
manually with the
power off, does it
move freely?
Replace
the CR
motor.
NO
END
Is the
platen gap
adjusted
properly?
YES
NO
Adjust the gap properly.
Refer to Chapter 4.
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
Replace the oil pad mounted on
the CR assembly. Clean the CR
shaft, and lubricate the oil pad
and the surface of the CR shaft.
Is CN4
connected
correctly?
NO
YES
Is the
resistance for
NO
the CR motor correct?
See Table 5-3.
END
Connect CN4
correctly.
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
YES
YES
NO
Replace the
CR motor.
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
YES
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
Does the
HP sensor work
correctly? See
Table 5-2.
NO
Replace the
HP sensor.
END
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
Figure 5-2 Flowchart 1
Rev.A
5-5
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
2. Abnormal Paper Feed Operation 1
START
Does
the PF motor
rotate?
Is
CN10
connected
correctly?
NO
YES
When
the printer is
powered on, is
paper ejected
automatically?
Connect it
correctly.
YES
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
Go to flowchart
2-1.
NO
YES
END
Is the
resistance
of the PF motor
coils correct?
YES
After
paper is
ejected, does the
printer indicate
"Ready"?
NO
NO
YES
NO
Replace the
PF motor.
After
paper is
ejected, does the
printer indicate
"Paper Out"?
YES
YES
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
YES
YES
END
YES
Is
something
stuck to the
surface of the
PW sensor?
Is
something
jammed
between the front/
rear PE sensor
and the
platen?
NO
NO
Are
CN5 and CN6
connected
correctly?
NO
Connect them
correctly.
YES
YES
Remove the substance
blocking the sensor.
YES
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
NO
Does
the sensor
operate
correctly?
Does
the front and
rear PE sensor
operate
correctly?
Clear the jam.
NO
YES
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
NO
Replace the sensor.
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
NO
Does
the release
sensor operate
correctly?
Replace the sensor.
YES
END
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
YES
YES
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
Figure 5-3 Flowchart 2
5-6
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
2. Abnormal Paper Feed Operation 2-1
Continued from
flowchart 2.
When
paper is loaded,
is it ejected
automatically?
Is
cut-sheet
paper loaded
correctly, but continuous
paper not loaded
at all?
NO
YES
Is
CN7
connected
correctly?
YES
Connect CN7
correctly.
NO
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
Is
CN12
connected
correctly?
YES
YES
NO
END
Is
the FFC
cable
OK?
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
NO
Replace the
cable.
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
Does
the release
sensor operate
correctly (see
Table 5-2)?
YES
NO
YES
END
Does
the PW
sensor work
correctly (see
Table 5-2)?
Connect CN12
correctly.
NO
NO
Replace the
sensor.
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
NO
Replace the
sensor.
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
END
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
Figure 5-4 Flowchart 2-1
Rev.A
5-7
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
3. Abnormal Control Panel Operation
START
Does
the Operate button
turn power on
and off?
Check the Operate button
on the control panel using
a multimeter.
NO
YES
Do the
control panel
buttons
function
OK?
NO
Is
the
Operate button
OK?
Check them using
a multimeter.
NO
Replace the
PNL board.
YES
Are
they
OK?
YES
NO
NO
Replace the
PNL board.
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
YES
NO
Is
the FFC
connected
correctly?
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
NO
Connect the
cable correctly.
END
NO
YES
Connect the
cable correctly.
YES
NO
NO
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
Check
the FFC using a
multimeter. Is it
OK?
Is
the FFC
connected
correctly?
Check
pin 19 of
the FFC. Is it
OK?
NO
Replace the
FFC.
YES
Replace the
FFC.
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
Replace the C166
PSB/PSE board.
END
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
END
Figure 5-5 Flowchart 3
5-8
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
4. Abnormal Printing
START
Is the
self-test
printed
correctly?
Data received from
the host is not printed
correctly.
YES
Are
printer
settings
correct?
NO
Are
any wires
YES
in the printhead
broken?
Are all
NO
the dots printed
OK?
YES
NO
Reset the
printer.
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
NO
Do all
Does
the LEDs on
the resistance YES
the control panel
of printhead wires
blink at
check
power
OK?
on?
Check printhead, motors
Replace the
drivers, and power
printhead.
YES supply with a meter.
NO
Replace any bad parts.
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
END
Are
the correct
printer drivers
installed?
NO
Connect the
cable correctly.
NO
NO
Is the
problem YES
corrected?
NO
Replace the
FFC.
NO
Problem with
computer.
END
YES
YES
YES
NO
Is the
problem
corrected?
YES
END
Does
the printer
work OK with
another
computer?
END
Is
the FFC
connected
correctly?
Install the correct
printer drivers.
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
END
Check
the FFC using a
multimeter. Is it
OK?
NO
YES
Is the
problem YES
corrected?
YES
YES
YES
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
END
END
Check
the FFC using a
multimeter. Is it
OK?
NO
YES
NO
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
Is the
bottom of
characters
missing?
Replace the
FFC.
Is the
problem
corrected?
NO
YES
YES
NO
Reinstall the
ribbon mask.
Is the
problem
corrected?
END
YES
END
Replace the C166
MAIN board.
END
END
Figure 5-6 Flowchart 4
Rev.A
5-9
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
5.4 REPAIRING C166 PSB/PSE BOARD ASSEMBLY
This section provides instructions to repair a defective power supply board assembly. It describes various
symptoms, likely causes, and checkpoints. Checkpoints refer to proper waveforms, resistances, and other
values to check when evaluating the operation of any potentially faulty component. Check these values
and take the appropriate action.
Note:
This information is necessary only for servicers who repair to the component level. Servicers who
repair to the unit level (including all servicers in the U.S.) can ignore this section.
WARNING
The OPERATE switch on the control panel only turns the secondary power circuit on or off, so
the primary circuit is live as long as the printer is connected to an AC power outlet. Before, you
repair or touch the power supply board, be sure to disconnect the AC power outlet.
Table 5-6. Repairing the C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly
Problem
Cause
The 35 V and
5 V lines are
not output
when the
printer is
powered on.
The diode bridge DB1
is dead.
^
The transformer coil is
open.
Q1 is dead.
Checkpoint
Solution
Measure the DC voltage between the pins
3 and 4 of the DB1.
Replace
the DB1.
Measure the resistance of T1 transformer
coils at pins 12-15, 9-11, 7-8, 3-4.
Replace
the T1.
Check that the resistance between the
source and drain is infinite.
Check the voltage waveform between
the source and drain of the Q1.
Replace
the Q1.
^
PC1 is dead.
5-10
Check the voltage waveform between
pins 3 and 4 of the PC1.
Replace
PC1.
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 5-6. Repairing the C166 PSB/PSE Board Assembly (Continued)
Problem
The 35 V and
5 V lines are
not output
when the
printer is
powered on.
^
The +5 V line
is not output.
Cause
Checkpoint
Solution
Q32 is dead.
Check that the resistance between the
collector and emitter is infinite.
Replace
the Q32.
Q31 is dead.
Check that the resistance between the
source and drain is infinite.
Replace
the Q31.
Check the voltage waveform at pin 8 of
IC51. The voltage waveform is as follows:
Replace
IC51.
IC51 is dead.
Check the voltage at pin 12 of IC51.
Q51 is dead.
Check the voltage waveform between
emitter and collector of Q51.
Replace
Q51.
L51 is short.
Check the resistance between both
terminals of L51
Replace
L51.
IC52 is dead.
Check whether the voltage of pin 6 is
more than 1.3 V or not. If the voltage is
more than 1.3 V, IC52 is dead.
Replace
IC52.
^
^
The PWDN
signal is
constantly
HIGH.
Rev.A
5-11
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
5.5 REPAIRING THE C166 MAIN BOARD ASSEMBLY
This section provides instructions to repair the C166 MAIN board assembly. It describes various problems,
symptoms, likely causes, and solutions. The checkpoint column provides proper waveforms, resistance
values, and other information for each component of C166 MAIN.
Note:
This information is necessary only for servicers who repair to the component level. Servicers who
repair to the unit level (including all servicers in the U.S.) can ignore this section.
Table 5-7. Repairing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly
Problem
The printer
does not
operate at all.
Cause
Checkpoint
Solution
Check the voltage waveforms of the VCC
signal (CH1: IC10 pin 3 ) and VOUT signal
(CH2: IC10 pin 1) when power is turned
on.
Replace IC10.
The PROM (IC3) is not
selected.
Check for a change in the signal from
HIGH/LOW at pin 137 of IC2.
Replace IC2 (or
replace the main
board).
The PSRAM (IC5)
Check for a change in the signal from
HIGH/LOW at pin 132 of the IC.
Replace IC2 (or
replace the main
board).
Reset IC10 is defective.
^
5-12
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 5-7. Repairing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly
Problem
Cause
Checkpoint
Check the oscillator signal at pins 26
or 27 of the CRU1
The printer
does not
operate at all.
Solution
If the signal is not
correct, replace
IC1 (or replace
the main board).
Otherwise,
replace CRU1.
CRU1 is defective.
IC11 or IC1 is
defective.
Check input signal waveform (CH1)
at pins 6, 5, 17, and 16 of IC1.
Check output signal waveform (CH2)
at pins 8, 1, 18, and 11 of IC12.
If the input signal
is not correct,
replace IC1 (or
replace the main
board). If the
output signal is
not correct,
replace IC12.
Carriage
operation is
abnormal.
IC2 is defective.
Rev.A
Check the output signal at pins 65, 64,
63, 62 of IC2
If there is no
output signal,
replace IC2.
5-13
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
Table 5-7. Repairing the C166 MAIN Board Assembly
Problem
Cause
IC1 is defective. IC2 is
defective. IC11 is
defective.
Checkpoint
Check input signal waveform at pins 43
and 26 of IC11.
Check output signal waveform at pins 6,
3, 18, and 21.
Paper feed is
abnormal.
IC1 is defective.
Check the output signal waveform at pin
19 of IC1.
Solution
If the input signal
is not correct,
replace IC1 or
IC2. If the input
signal is correct
and the output
signal is not
correct, replace
the IC11.
If this signal is
not output,
replace IC1.
No data is
printed.
IC2 is defective.
One of the head drive
transistors is defective
(Q5 ~ Q13, Q14 ~
Q22).
Check the voltage waveform (CH1) at
pin 69 and pins 76 ~ 93 of IC2.
Check the voltage waveform (CH2) for
each transistor.
If the head drive
signal is not
output, replace
IC2. If the head
drive signal is
output, replace
the head drive
transistor.
A particular
dot fails to
print.
5-14
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
5.6 REPAIRING THE PRINTER MECHANISM
This section provides instructions for repairing the printer mechanism. It describes various problems,
symptom, likely causes, checkpoints, and solutions. The checkpoint column shows items to be checked,
including proper values to be set for each component of the printer mechanism. For replacement and
adjustment instructions, see Chapter 3, Disassembly and Assembly, and Chapter 4, Adjustments. If the same
symptom recurs after repair, select another item in the list of causes and repair the printer according to those
instructions.
Table 5-8. Repairing the Printer Mechanism
Problem
Symptom
Cause
Checkpoint
Solution
The CR motor is
defective.
Measure the
coil resistance
of the motor.
Resistance is
approximately
2.7 ohms.
Replace the CR
motor. Refer to
page 3-12.
CR operation is
abnormal.
When the printer is
powered on, the
CR motor does not
rotate at all.
CN11 is
disconnected
from the main
board.
Check CN11.
Connect CN11
correctly.
^
When the printer
is powered on,
the CR motor
does not rotate all
and all indicators
blink.
^
The CR motor
can be rotated
when the printer
is powered on.
But the CR does
not move.
The timing belt
came off the
pinon gear of
the CR motor.
Check the
engagement of
the timing belt.
Reinstall the
timing belt
correctly.
The CR moves
slightly and then
stops.
Platen gap is
too narrow.
Manually move
the CR and
check that it
moves
smoothly. The
proper platen
gap is
approximately
0.37 mm.
Adjust the
platen gap
properly.
Refer to page
4-2.
Printer lacks
lubrication or a
foreign object is
jammed
between the oil
pad and CR
shaft.
Manually move
the CR and
check that it
moves
smoothly.
Check the
surface of the
CR shaft and oil
pad.
Replace or
lubricate the oil
pad. If any
foreign object is
jamming the
carriage,
remove it and
clean the
surface of the
CR shaft. Then
lubricate the CR
shaft.
HP sensor is
defective.
Check the
operation of the
HP sensor.
Refer to page
5-2.
Replace the HP
sensor. Refer
the page 3-8.
^
^
^
Rev.A
5-15
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
Table 5-8. Repairing the Printer Mechanism
Problem
Symptom
Cause
Checkpoint
Solution
A foreign object
is jammed
between both
terminals of the
HP sensor.
Check the HP
sensor.
Remove the any
foreign object.
CN4 connector
removed from
the HP sensor.
Check the
connection of the
connector.
Connect the CN4
correctly.
The HP sensor is
defective.
Check the
operation of the
HP sensor. Refer
to page 5-2.
Replace the HP
sensor.
Common wires
in the printhead
FFC are
disconnected or
there is no
continuity.
Check the
common wires in
the printhead
FFC.
Replace the
printhead FFC.
The printhead is
defective.
Measure the coil
resistance of the
printhead. The
resistance
should be
approximately
16.4 ohms. Refer
to page 5-1.
Replace the
printhead.
The printhead
FFC is
disconnected, or
there is no
continuity.
Check the
continuity in the
FFC.
Replace the
printhead FFC.
^
Printing is
uneven on both
edges of the
column.
Platen
parallelism is not
adjusted
properly.
Check the platen
parallelism.
Refer to page
4-2.
Adjust the platen
parallelism.
^
The printed
result is too
light.
The printhead is
defective.
Check if the tip
of the dot wire is
worn.
Replace the
printhead.
The platen gap is
too wide.
Check the platen
gap. Refer to
page 4-2.
Adjust the platen
gap properly.
The PF motor is
defective.
Measure the coil
resistance of the
PF motor.
The value is
approximately 16
ohms.
Replace the PF
motor.
CR operation is
abnormal.
The CR moves
slightly and then
stops.
^
^
Printing is
abnormal.
The CR moves to
the left side (HP
side) and strikes
the frame of the
printer.
No image is
printed.
The printer does
not print a
particular dot.
^
^
^
Abnormal paper
feed.
5-16
The PF motor
does not rotate at
all.
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Troubleshooting
Table 5-8. Repairing the Printer Mechanism
Problem
Symptom
Cause
Checkpoint
Solution
CN10 is
disconnected
from the main
board.
Check CN10.
Connect CN10
correctly.
The rear or front
PE sensor is
defective.
Check the
operation of the
rear and front PE
sensors. Refer to
page 5-2.
Replace the rear
or front PE
sensor. Refer to
page 3-23.
^
The rear or front
PE sensor is not
mounted
correctly.
Check the
mounting
position.
Mount the rear or
front PE sensor
into the proper
position.
^
A foreign
substance is
sticking to the
surface of the
PW sensor.
Check the
surface of the
PW sensor.
Remove the
ribbon mask
holder assembly,
and remove any
foreign objects.
The PW sensor
is defective.
Check the
Replace the PW
operation of the
sensor. Refer to
PW sensor.
page 3-9.
Refer to page 5-2.
A foreign object
is jammed
between the
platen and
rear/front PE
sensor.
Remove the
platen, and
check the paper
path. Refer to
page 3-10.
Remove the
platen and
remove any
foreign object.
Refer to page
3-10.
^
CN5 or CN6 is
disconnected.
Check the
connectors.
Connect the
connector
properly.
^
The rear/front
PE sensor is
defective.
Check the
operation of the
rear/front PE
sensor.
Refer to page 5-2.
Replace the
rear/front PE
sensor. Refer to
page 3-23.
The FFC (CN7)
for the PW
sensor is
disconnected.
Check the
connector.
Connect the FFC
properly.
The FFC is
broken.
Check the
continuity of the
FFC using a
multimeter.
Replace the FFC.
The PW sensor
is defective.
Check the
Replace the PW
operation of the
sensor. Refer to
PW sensor.
page 3-9.
Refer to page 5-2.
Abnormal
paper feed
^
^
^
^
^
^
Rev.A
The PF motor does
not rotate at all.
When the printer is
powered on, paper
is ejected
automatically, and
then the printer
becomes Ready.
When the printer is
powered on, paper
is ejected
automatically, and
then the printer
signals a paper
end error.
When paper is
loaded, it is
ejected
automatically.
5-17
Troubleshooting
FX-2170 Service Manual
Table 5-8. Repairing the Printer Mechanism
Problem
Paper feed is
abnormal.
^
Symptom
Cause
CN12 is not
connected
correctly.
Connect the
CN12 correctly.
Check the
operation of the
release sensor.
Refer to page
5-2.
Replace the
release sensor.
Refer to page
3-19.
The ribbon
cartridge is
defective.
Remove the
ribbon cartridge.
Then rotate the
ribbon feed roller
manually to
check that the
ribbon cartridge
feeds the ribbon
normally.
Replace the
ribbon cartridge.
Foreign
substances are
caught in the
gears.
Check that the
ribbon driving
gear rotates
properly when
the carriage is
moved
manually.
Remove any
foreign
substances or
replace the
ribbon cartridge.
The planetary
gear is defective.
Manually move
the carriage and
check that the
planetary gear
functions
normally.
Replace the
ribbon cartridge
mechanism.
Ribbon feed is
abnormal.
The ribbon is not
fed.
^
5-18
The ribbon feeds
properly only
when the
carriage moves
in one direction.
Solution
Check the
connector. Refer
to page 3-19.
Cut-sheet paper
is loaded
The release
correctly, but
continuous paper sensor is
is not loaded at all. defective.
^
Checkpoint
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Rev.A
Troubleshooting
5-19
CHAPTER 6
Maintenance
Table of Contents
6.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
6-1
6.2 APPLYING LUBRICATION
6-1
List of Figures
Figure 6-1. Lubrication Points 1 and 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-2. Lubrication Point 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-3. Lubrication Point 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6-4. Lubrication Points 5, 6, and 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
List of Tables
Table 6-1. Lubrication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Table 6-2. Lubrication Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
FX-2170 Service Manual
Maintenance
6.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
Preventive maintenance includes regular cleaning of the exterior case using denatured alcohol, as well as
occasional vacuuming of the mechanism interior to remove dust and paper debris. After cleaning the unit,
check that it is adequately lubricated, as described in Section 6.2, below. Before returning the printer to the
customer, inspect springs, paper-feed rollers, and basic operation.
CAUTION
Disconnect the printer from the external AC power source before performing maintenance. Do
not use thinner, trichloroethylene, or ketone-based solvents on the plastic components of the
printer.
6.2 APPLYING LUBRICATION
EPSON recommends the printer be lubricated at the points illustrated in Figure 6-1. Table 6-2 lists each point
along with its recommended lubricant. The recommended lubricants are EPSON G-26 and O-2, which have
been tested extensively and found to comply with the needs of this printer. (Table 6-1 provides details about
these lubricants.) Before applying a lubricant, be sure the surface to be lubricated is clean. Do not apply too
much lubricant, as this may damage nearby parts.
Table 6-1. Lubrication
Type
Name
Quantity
Availability
Part No.
Grease
G-26
40 gm
EPSON
B702600001
Oil
O-2
40 cc
EPSON
B703700001
Table 6-2. Lubrication Points
Ref. No.
Lubrication Points
Quantity
Lubricant
1
Cam surface on the 34.5 mm spur gear
2 mm width, halfway
G-26
2
The platen gap adjustment slots on the right
frame.
2 mm width, from the
top slot to the 3rd from
the bottom.
G-26
3
The shaft end of drive roller assembly and the
cutout section on the left frame.
About 1/2 the size of a
grain of rice
G-26
4
Oil pad
half of the pad
O-2
5
RD planetary shaft and planetary lever leaf
spring
About 1/2 the size of a
grain of rice.
G-26
6
RD housing
Side of shafts: 3 points
Inside hole:
1 point
About 1/2 the size of a
grain of rice
7
RD Assembly
Gear teeth:
About 1/2 the size of a
grain of rice
Note:
5 points
G-26
G-26
Lubrication must be applied during the reassembly process.
For lublication points, refer to the figure on the next page.
Rev. A
6-1
Maintenance
FX-2170 Service Manual
Cam, Clutch, Tractor
Spur Gear, 34.5
: Lubrication Point Ref. No.(1)
: Lubrication Point Ref. No.(3)
Figure 6-1. Lubrication Points 1 and 3
Gap Adjust Lever
Platen Gap Adjustment Slot
Lubricate all these slots
Lubrication Point Ref. No. (2)
Figure 6-2. Lubrication Point 2
6-2
Rev. A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Maintenance
: Lubrication Point Ref. No. 4
Figure 6-3. Lubrication Point 4
: Lubrication Point Ref. No.(5)
: Lubrication Point Ref. No.(6)
: Lubrication Point Ref. No.(7)
Figure 6-4. Lubrication Points 5, 6, and 7
Rev. A
6-3
Appendix
Table of Contents
A.1. EXPANDED PRODUCTION COMMANDS
A-1
A.2. EEPROM ADRESS MAP
A-2
A.3 CONNECTOR SUMMARY
A-5
A.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS
A-11
A.5 CIRCUIT BOARD COMPONENT LAYOUTS
A-17
A.6 EXPLODED DIAGRAMS
A-20
List of Figures
Figure A-1. Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-5
Figure A-2. C166 MAIN Board Assembly Circuit Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-11
Figure A-3. C166 PSB Board Assembly Circuit Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-13
Figure A-4. C166 PSE Board Assembly Circuit Diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-15
Figure A-5. C166 MAIN Board Assembly Component Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-17
Figure A-6. C166 PSB Board Assembly Component Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-18
Figure A-7. C166 PSE Board Assembly Component Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-19
Figure A-8. FX-2170 Exploded Diagrams (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-20
Figure A-9. FX-2170 Exploded Diagrams (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-21
Figure A-10. FX-2170 Exploded Diagrams (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-22
Figure A-11. CSF Bin 1 Exploded Diagrams (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-23
Figure A-12. CSF Bin 1 Exploded Diagrams (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-24
Figure A-13. CSF Bin 2 Exploded Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-25
List of Tables
Table A-1. Connector Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-2. Connector Pin Assignments – CN3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-3. Connector Pin Assignments – CN4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-4. Connector Pin Assignments – CN5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-5. Connector Pin Assignments – CN6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-6. Connector Pin Assignments – CN7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-7. Connector Pin Assignments – CN8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-8. Connector Pin Assignments – CN9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-9. Connector Pin Assignments – CN10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-10. Connector Pin Assignments - CN11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-11. Connector Pin Assignments - CN12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-12. Connector Pin Assignments - CN13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-13. Connector Pin Assignments - CN14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-14. Connector Pin Assignments - CN15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-6
A-6
A-6
A-7
A-7
A-7
A-8
A-8
A-8
A-8
A-8
A-9
A-9
A-9
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
A.1 EXPANDED PRODUCTION COMMANDS
1. Write Bidirectional Adjustment Data to EEPROM
• Format
1B 7C 00 00 FF 00 (in hex) dl d2 d3
• Parameters
dl
Print speed (0: High speed draft, 1: Draft, 2: LQ)
d2 , d3
Bi-d adjustment data to be written (units = 1/720 inch)
n = FFF4H (–12)
|
n = FFFFH (–1)
n = FFFEH (–2)
n = 0000H (±0)
n = 0001H (+1)
n = 0002H (+2)
|
n = 000CH (+12)
• Range
dl
d2, d3
12/720 inch to the right
22/720 inch to the right
1/720 inch to the right
1/720 inch to the left
2/720 inch to the left
12/720 inch to the left
0, 1, or 2
–12 ≤ n ≤ +12 (n = d2 + d3 × 256)
2. Print Data for Selected EEPROM Address
• Format
1B 7C 00 04 00 01 FE 80 (in hex) dl
• Parameter
dl
EEPROM address
• Range
dl
00H ≤ dl ≤ 7FH
3. Write Data to Specific EEPROM Address
• Format
1B 7C 00 05 00 04 FB 02 (in hex) dl d2
• Parameters
dl
d2
• Range
d1
d2
EEPROM address
Byte of data to be written
00H ≤ dl ≤ 7FH
00H ≤ d2 ≤ FFH (Will not accept addresses 00Hor 02H)
4. Set Print Mode
• Format
1B 7C 00 04 00 03 FC 81 (in hex) dl
• Parameter
dl
• Range
Print speed
bit 0: ESC mode (1) /not fixed (0)
bit 1: Head hot mode (1) / not fixed (0)
bit 2: Head cold mode (1) / not fixed (0)
bit 3: Heavy duty mode (1) /not fixed (0)
bit 4: Thick paper mode (1) / not fixed (0)
bit 5: Reserved
bit 6: Power down mode (1)/ not fixed (0)
bit 7: Normal mode (1)/ not fixed (0)
00 H ≤ dl ≤ 05H
5. Compare Data at Selected EEPROM Addresses
• Format
1B 7C 00 05 00 05 FA 82 (in hex) d1 d2
• Parameters
dl
• Range
Rev. A
d2
EEPROM address
Address of data to be compared
d1
d2
00H ≤ d1 ≤ 7FH
00H ≤ d2 ≤ FFH
A-1
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
A.2 EEPROM ADDRESS MAP
Address
00H, 01H
Data
Data Format
Default
Reserved
0000H
Area 1
02H, 03H
Character table
selection
0: PC437
3: PC863
6: BRASCII
9: Roman8,
12: PC853
15: —
18: ISOLatin1T
21: Code MJK
24: PC774
04H, 05H
Page length
for rear tractor
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch), 0000H:
11 inches (same as default)
1290H
(11")
06H, 07H
Page length for
front tractor
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch), 0000H:
11 inches (same as default)
1290H
(11")
08H, 09H
Page length
for CSF bin 1
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch), 0000H:
22 inches (same as default)
2520H
(22")
0AH, 0BH
Page length
for CSF bin 2
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch), 0000H:
22 inches (same as default)
2520H
(22")
0CH, 0DH
TOF adjustment
value for rear
tractor
–72 to 432 (4.2 mm to 8.5 mm + 1 inch,
in units of 1/432 inch)
0000H
(8.5 mm)
0EH, 0FH
TOF adjustment
value for front
tractor
–72 to 432 (4.2 mm to 8.5 mm + 1 inch,
in units of 1/432 inch)
0000H
(8.5 mm)
10H,11H
TOF adjustment
value for front
CSF bin1
–72 to 432 (4.2 mm to 8.5 mm + 1 inch,
in units of 1/432 inch)
0000H
(8.5 mm)
12H,13H
TOF adjustment
value for front
CSF bin2
–72 to 432 (4.2 mm to 8.5 mm + 1 inch,
in units of 1/432 inch)
0000H
(8.5 mm)
14H,15H
TOF adjustment
value for rear
manual insertion
–72 to 432 (4.2 mm to 8.5 mm + 1 inch,
in units of 1/432 inch)
0000H
(8.5 mm)
16H,17H
TOF adjustment
value for front
manual insertion
–72 to 432 (4.2 mm to 8.5 mm+1 inch, in units
of 1/432 inch
0000H
(8.5 mm)
18H,19H
Bottom margin for
front tractor
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch), 0000H:
11 inches (same as default)
1290H
(11")
1AH,1BH
Bottom margin for
rear tractor
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch),
0000H:11inches (same as default)
1290H
(11")
1CH
Front selection
0: Roman, 1: Draft , 2: Sans serif
00H
(Roman)
1DH
Pitch selection
0:10 cpi, 1: 12 cpi, 2: 15 cpi, 3: 17 cpi,
4: 20 cpi, 5: Proportional
00H
(10 cpi)
❇
A-2
1: PC850
4: PC865
7: Abicomp
10: PC437Greek
13: PC855
16: PC866
19: ISO8859-7
22: Bulgaria
25: ISO Latin2
2: PC860
5: PC861
8: ISO Latin 1
11: PC852
14: 857
17: PC869
20: MAZOWAI
23: Estonia
26: PC866 LAT.
0000H
(PC437)
Assignment of data for two or more bytes is sequential: from lower byte to lower address, and
from higher byte to higher address.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Address
Appendix
Data
Data Format
Default
1EH
Reserved
1FH
Pitch direction
setting
0: Bi-d, 1: Uni-d
00H
20H
I/F mode selection
0: Auto I/F Selection, 1: Parallel I/F, 2: Type-B
I/F
00H
(Auto)
21H
Auto I/F wait time
setting
10: 10 Sec., 30: 30 Sec., 00: 10 Sec.
0AH
(10 sec.)
22H
Auto line feed
Auto tear off
Skip over
perforation
High speed draft
Input buffer
———
———
———
b0: Auto line feed
b1: Auto tear off
b2: Skip over perforation
b3: High speed draft
b4: Input buffer
b5: Reserved
b6: Reserved
b7: Reserved)
23H
Software
0 slashed
Buzzer
——
Auto CR
——————-
b0: Software
b1: 0 slashed
b2: Buzzer
b3: Reserved
b4: Auto CR (IBM)
b5: Reserved
b6: Reserved
b7: Reserved
24H, 25H
Tear Off
adjustment
–128 to +127 (in units of 1/432 inch)
26H
Reserved
00H
27H
Backup flags 1
Copy mode
00H
28H
Backup flags 2
In tear-off state
Bin select
b0: Friction Bin 1 or Tractor not Tear Off
b1: Friction Bin 1
b2: Friction Bin 2
b3: Friction (Card Stock)
b4: Tractor and Tear off
00H
29H
Panel mask
pattern 1
b0: LOAD function
b1: EJECT function
b2: FONT selection
b3: PITCH selection
b4: TEAR OFF function
b5: BIN selection
b6: Draft self test
b7: LQ self test
00H
2AH
Panel mask
pattern 2
b0: LF function
b1: FF function
b2: MICRO ADJUST function
b3: PAUSE function
b4: Data dump
b5: Default setting
b6: Bi-d adjustment
b7: Reserved
00H
❇
0000H
0: Off
0: Off
0: Off
0: On
0: On
1: On
1: On
1: On
1: Off
1: Off
0: ESC/P 1: IBM2381 Plus
0: Off
1: On
0: On
1: Off
0: Off
00H
00H
1: On
0000H
Assignment of data for two or more bytes is sequential: from lower byte to lower address, and
from higher byte to higher address.
Rev. A
A-3
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
Address
Data
Data Format
Default
2BH
Manual feed wait
time
3 to 30 (in units of 0.1 sec.), 00H: 0.3 sec.
(same as default)
03H
(0.3 sec.)
2CH 1
Tear-off wait time
3 to 30 (in units of 0.1 sec.) , 00H: 0.3 sec.
(same as default)
03H
(0.3 sec.)
2DH, 2EH
Reserved
00H
2FH, 33H
Reserved
00H
34H, 53H
Reserved
00H
54H, 5DH
Reserved
00H
5EH, 5FH
Paper edge length
00H
60H, 61H
Paper length for
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch 0000H:
rear manual insertion 22 inches (same as default)
2520H
(22")
62H, 63H
Paper length for
front manual
insertion
1 to 22 x 432 (in units of 1/432 inch 0000H:
22 inches (same as default)
2520H
(22")
64H to 66H
Sub number for
customization
00H to 09H
000000H
Standard
67H
Reserved
00H
Area 2
68H
Market
0: Standard version, 1: NLSP version
00H
69H to 70H
Reserved
00H
71H
Checksum of Area 2
(68-70H)
00H
72H
Vp adjustment value
80H
73H
Vp adjustment
value(complement
of 72H)
7FH
74H
Bi-d adjustment
value for high speed
draft mode
–12 to +12 (in units of 1/720 inch)
00H
75 H
Bi-d adjustment
value for draft mode
–12 to +12 (in units of 1/720 inch)
00H
76H
Bi-d adjustment
value for LQ mode
–12 to +12 (in units of 1/720 inch)
00H
77H
Reserved
00H
78H
TPE level
FFH
79H
TPE adjustment
position
7AH to 7EH
Reserved
00H
7FH
Reserved
00H
Area 3
❇
A-4
–10 to +10 (in units of 1/216 inch)
00H
EEPROM data in Area 3 is set for each printer in the factory. Do not change this data afterwards.
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
A.3 CONNECTOR SUMMARY
Figure A-1 illustrates how primary components are connected. Table A-1 summarizes functions and sizes of
the connectors.
Printer Mechanism
PF Motor
CR Motor
PG Sensor
Board Assy., C166
PSB / PSE
Release Lever Position Sensor
PE- Rear Sensor
PE- Front Sensor
HP Sensor
PW Sensor
Printhead
Case Open Sensor
CN2
Board Assy.,
C165PNL
CN 1
CN15
CSF
Bin 1
CN14
CN8
CN9
CN7
CN4
CN6
CN5
CN12
CN13
CN11
Board Assy., C166 MAIN
CN10
CN3
Host
Computer
CN1
Parallel I/F
CN2
Option I/F
Figure A-1. Cable Connections
Rev. A
A-5
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
Table A-1. Connector Summary
Board
Connector
MAIN Board
Assembly
Function
Pins
CN1
Parallel interface
36
CN2
Type B interface
36
CN3
C166 PSB/PSE board assembly
10
CN4
HP sensor
3
CN5
Rear PE sensor
3
CN6
Front PE sensor
2
CN7
PW sensor
4
CN8
Printhead
18
CN9
Printhead
16
CN10
PF motor
4
CN11
CR motor
5
CN12
Release lever position sensor
4
CN13
PG sensor
4
CN14
CSF bin 1
10
CN15
PNL board assembly
22
Table A-2. Connector Pin Assignments – CN3
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
——I
I
——I
I
I
O
Signal Name
GP
GP
+35V
+35V
GND
GND
+5V
+5V
PWDN
PSC
Function
——
——
+35 VDC line
+35 VDC line
Signal GND
Signal GND
+5 VDC line
+5 VDC line
+35 V line overload detection signal
Power on/off switch signal
Table A-3. Connector Pin Assignments – CN4
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
I
——
Signal Name
HP
GND
+5V
Function
CR home position signal
Signal GND
+5 VDC
Table A-4. Connector Pin Assignments – CN5
A-6
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
—I
—
Signal Name
+5V
PE
GND
Function
+5 VDC
Rear paper end signal
Signal ground
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Table A-5. Connector Pin Assignments – CN6
Pin
I/O
1
2
I
—-
Signal Name
PE
GND
Function
Front paper end signal
Signal GND
Table A-6. Connector Pin Assignments - CN7
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
I
———-
Signal Name
E
GND
+5V
A
Function
TOP paper end signal
Signal GND
+5 VDC line
+5 VDC line
Table A-7. Connector Pin Assignments – CN8
Rev. A
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
—O
O
O
O
——O
—O
———O
O
I
——-
Signal Name
NC
HD1
HD9
HD13
HD7
+35V
NC
HD18
+35V
HD12
+35V
+35V
NC
HD6
HD10
HTMP
+5V
NC
Function
Not connected
Head data 1
Head data 9
Head data 13
Head data 7
+35 VDC line
Not connected
Head data 18
+35 VDC line
Head data 12
+35 VDC line
+35 VDC line
Not connected
Head data 6
Head data 10
Head temperature signal
+5 VDC line
Not connected
A-7
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
Table A-8. Connector Pin Assignments – CN9
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
O
—O
—O
—O
O
O
—O
——O
O
O
Signal Name
HD3
NC
HD15
+35V
HD2
+35V
HD5
HD16
HD11
+35V
HD17
+35V
NC
HD14
HD4
HD8
Function
Head data 3
Not connected
Head data 15
+35 VDC line
Head data 2
+35 VDC line
Head data 5
Head data 16
Head data 11
+35 VDC line
Head data 17
+35 VDC line
Not connected
Head data 14
Head data 4
Head data 8
Table A-9. Connector Pin Assignments – CN10
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
O
O
O
O
Signal Name
PF A
PF B
PF –A
PF –B
Function
PF motor phase A
PF motor phase B
PF motor phase –A
PF motor phase –B
Table A-10. Connector Pin Assignments – CN11
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
O
O
O
O
O
Signal Name
CR A
CR –A
CR B
CR –B
CR COM
Function
CR motor phase A
CR motor phase –A
CR motor phase B
CR motor phase –B
CR motor common
Table A-11. Connector Pin Assignments – CN12
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
I
—I
—-
Signal Name
RELEASE1
GND
RELEASE2
GND
Function
Release sensor 1 signal
Signal GND
Release sensor 2 signal
Signal GND
Table A-12. Connector Pin Assignments - CN13
A-8
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
I
—I
—-
Signal Name
PG1
GND
PG2
GND
Function
Platen gap sensor 1 signal
Signal GND
Platen gap sensor 2 signal
Signal GND
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Table A-13 Connector Pin Assignments – CN14
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
O
O
O
O
O
—————-
Signal Name
A
B
–A
–B
HOLD
+5V
GND
GND
+35V
+35V
Function
CSF motor phase A
CSF motor phase B
CSF motor phase –A
CSF motor phase –B
CSF motor hold signal
+5 VDC line
Signal GND
Signal GND
+35 VDC line
+35 VDC line
Table A-14 Connector Pin Assignments – CN15
Rev. A
Pin
I/O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
I
O
—O
O
I
O
O
O
O
—O
O
——I
I
I
I
I
I
—-
Signal Name
COPEN
PAUSEL
+5V
POUTL
RESRVL
PAUSSW
TBIN2L
TBIN1L
PITC1L
PITC2L
FONT3L
FONT2L
FONT1L
GND
GND
FONTSW
PITCSW
TBINSW
PSC
LDEJSW
LFFFSW
FG
Function
Case open sensor signal
Pause LED signal
+5 VDC line
Paper out LED signal
Pitch select LED
Pause button signal
Tear off/ bin select LED
Tear off/ bin select LED
Pitch select LED
Pitch select LED
Not connected
Font LED
Font LED
Signal GND
Signal GND
Font button signal
Pitch button signal
Tear off/ bin signal
Operate button signal
Load / Eject button signal
LF / FF button signal
Frame GND
A-9
Appendix
A-10
FX-2170 Service Manual
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
A.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS
Figure A-2. C166 MAIN Board Assembly Circuit Diagram
Rev. A
A-11
Appendix
A-12
FX-2170 Service Manual
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Figure A-3. C166 PSB Board Assembly Circuit Diagram
Rev. A
A-13
Appendix
A-14
FX-2170 Service Manual
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Figure A-4. C166 PSE Board Assembly Circuit Diagram
Rev. A
A-15
Appendix
A-16
FX-2170 Service Manual
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
A.5 CIRCUIT BOARD COMPONENT LAYOUTS
Figure A-5. C166 MAIN Baord Assembly Component Layout
Rev. A
A-17
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
Figure A-6. C166 PSB Board Assembly Component Layout
A-18
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Figure A-7 C166 PSE Board Assembly Component Layout
Rev. A
A-19
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
A.6 EXPLODED DIAGRAMS
Figure A-8. FX-2170 Exploded Diagrams (1)
A-20
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Figure A-9. FX-2170 Exploded Diagrams (2)
Rev. A
A-21
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
Figure A-10. FX-2170 Exploded Diagrams (3)
A-22
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Figure A-11. C.S.F. Bin1 Exploded Diagrams (1)
Rev. A
A-23
Appendix
FX-2170 Service Manual
Figure A-12. C.S.F. Bin1 Exploded Diagrams (2)
A-24
Rev.A
FX-2170 Service Manual
Appendix
Figure A-13. C.S.F. Bin2 Exploded Diagrams
Rev. A
A-25
Appendix
A-26
FX-2170 Service Manual
Rev.A
EPSON