User`s guide | Epson 800 Printer User Manual

User’s Guide
3
4001786
G01-04
Printer Parts
printer cover
ontrol panel
paper feeder cover
paper separator
ink cartridge
AC inlet
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EPSON
®
48-NOZZLE INK JET PRINTER
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying, recording,
or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson Corporation. No patent
liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein. Neither is
any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained
herein.
Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser of this
product or third parties for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred by purchaser or
third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or abuse of this product or unauthorized
modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product, or (excluding the US) failure to
strictly comply with Seiko Epson Corporation’s operating and maintenance instructions.
Seiko Epson Corporation shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising from
the use of any options or any consumable products other than those designated as
Original Epson Products or Epson Approved Products by Seiko Epson Corporation.
Epson and Epson ESC/P are registered trademarks and Epson ESC/P 2 is a trademark of
Seiko Epson Corporation.
Helvetica and Times are trademarks of Linotype AG and/or its subsidiaries.
Copyright 0 1992 by Seiko Epson Corporation
Nagano, Japan
User’s Guide
FCC Compliance Statement
For United States Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures.
0 Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
U Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Cl Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
Cl Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to
unused interfaces. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer
could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques depassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le reglement sur le
brouillage radioelectrique edict@ par le Ministere des Communications du Canada.
ii
Important Safety Instructions
Read all of these instructions before you set up your printer.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the printer.
Unplug the printer from the wall outlet before you clean it, and
use a damp cloth for cleaning, not liquid or aerosol cleaners.
Do not use your printer near water or spill any liquid on it.
Do not place the printer on an unstable cart, stand, table, or other
surface that may allow the printer to fall.
Do not block any slots or openings in the cabinet. These are
provided for the ventilation necessary to ensure reliable
operation and protection from overheating. Placing the printer
on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface may block the
openings. Also, do not place the printer in a built-in installation
unless proper ventilation is provided.
Never place the printer near or over a radiator or heat register.
Use the type of power source indicated on the label. If you are
not sure of the type of power available, consult your dealer or
local power company.
This printer may be equipped with a plug having a third
(grounding) pin, which fits only into a grounding-type outlet.
This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into
the outlet, have an electrician replace your obsolete outlet. Do
not defeat the purpose of the grounding-type plug.
Do not put your printer where the cord will be walked on.
If you use an extension cord, make sure that the total of the
ampere ratings on the products plugged into the extension cord
does not exceed the extension cord’s ampere rating. Also, make
sure that the total of all products plugged into the wall outlet
does not exceed 15 amperes.
Never push objects of any kind into your printer because they
may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts that could
result in a risk of fire or electric shock.
Except as specifically explained in the user’s manual, do not
attempt to repair the printer yourself. This could expose you to
dangerous voltage points or other risks, Refer all servicing in
those compartments to service personnel.
222
LI Unplug the printer from the wall outlet and have it repaired by a
qualified service person under the following conditions:
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
If liquid has been spilled into it
If it has been exposed to rain or water
If it does not operate normally when the operating instructions
are followed. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the
operating instructions since improper adjustment of other
controls may result in damage and will often require extensive
work by a qualified technician to restore the printer to normal
operation.
If it has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
If it exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a need
for service.
Where United States Users Can Get Help
Epson America provides local customer support and service through
a nationwide network of authorized Epson dealers and Service
Centers.
Epson also provides the following support services through the
Epson Connection at (800) 922-8911
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson Reseller or
Service Center
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration, and
operation of Epson products
Information on ESC/P 2 drivers for your software
Sales of the ESC/P reference manual, which contains
comprehensive information on ESC/P 2 commands
Epson technical information library fax service
Product literature with technical specifications on our current
and new products
Sales of ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and accessories
for your Epson product
Customer Relations
Information about user groups
iv
Tips for Printing on Single Sheets
There are a few things you should know about printing on single
sheets as opposed to continuous paper. When you print on single
sheets, you may notice that your printer prints the first page of your
file correctly but then prints too low on the next page, or that it
prints the last few lines from one page onto the next.
These differences in print position are easy to adjust; you can simply
change some of the settings in your application program as
described below to get the right results.
1.
When you install an application program, it normally asks
you what printer you are using. Make sure you choose the
correct printer. See Chapter 1 for the right printer to choose.
2.
Many programs include an option to set the maximum lines
per page. If your program has a lines-per-page setting and
you are using 8.5x11-inch paper, set the lines per page to 61;
for A4, try 65.
Note:
Tofind fhe right lines-per-page seffingfor paper that is not 8.5~12,
create a test document using your application program. Set your fop
and bottom margins to 0 and then create a file of numbered linesfrom
2 to 66. When you print yourfile, notice the last number printed on
fhe first page. This is your maximum lines-per-page setting.
3.
If your program doesn’t have a lines-per-page setting, try
decreasing the top margin or increasing the bottom margin,
or both, until you get the results you want.
4.
You can also try adjusting the form length setting. For an
8.5x11-inch page, try setting the form length at 10 inches
(10.5 inches for A4).
5.
Some programs also let you indicate whether you are using
single sheets or continuous paper. Make sure you choose
single sheets.
V
Contents
lntroduction
Features ........................................................................................... 1
How to Use This Manual .............................................................. 2
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes ................................................... 2
Chapter 1 Setting Up Your Printer
About Your Ink Jet Printer ..................................................................l-2
A few precautions.. ......................................................................l-2
Choosing the right paper ............................................................l-3
Unpacking the Printer ..........................................................................l-4
Attaching the paper support ......................................................l-5
Choosing a Place for the Printer .........................................................l-6
Plugging in the Printer .........................................................................l-7
Installing the Ink Cartridge .................................................................l-8
Testing the Printer ................................................................................l-13
Loading paper in the paper feeder ............................................l-13
Running the self test ....................................................................l-14
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer ........................................l-15
Setting Up Your Software Programs ..................................................l-17
Tips for Using the Paper Feeder .........................................................l-18
Chapter 2 Using Other Printer Functions
Loading Paper Manually .....................................................................2-2
Paper size ......................................................................................2-2
Printing on single sheets .............................................................2-2
Printing on envelopes .................................................................2-4
Operating the Control Panel ...............................................................2-6
Indicator lights .............................................................................2-6
Buttons ..........................................................................................2-7
vi
Controlling the Page with Micro Feed.. .............................................2-8
Adjusting the loading position ..................................................2-9
Adjusting the print position .......................................................2-10
Selecting Character Fonts ....................................................................2-11
Scalable Fonts ...............................................................................2-12
Condensed printing.. ...................................................................2-12
Using the Default-Settings Mode .......................................................2-13
Default settings descriptions.. ....................................................2-14
Changing the default settings ....................................................2-15
Chapter 3 Mainfenunce and Troubleshooting
Replacing the Ink Cartridge ................................................................3-2
Cleaning the Print Head ......................................................................3-3
Cleaning the Printer.. ............................................................................3-4
Transporting the Printer .....................................................................,3-4
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................3-5
Power supply ...............................................................................3-5
Printing ..........................................................................................3-6
Paper handling .............................................................................3-10
Appendix
Technical Specifications ......................................................................A-2
Printer specifications ..................................................................A-2
Interface specifications ...............................................................A-7
Initialization ................................................................................A-11
Command Summary ...........................................................................A-13
Sending printer commands .......................................................A-13
Using the command summary .................................................A-13
General operation .......................................................................A-13
Paper feeding ..............................................................................A-14
Page format ..................................................................................A-14
Print position motion .................................................................A-15
Font selection ...............................................................................A-15
Font enhancement ......................................................................A-17
Spacing .........................................................................................A-17
Character handling .....................................................................A-18
vii
Bit image ......................................................................................A-20
Graphics .......................................................................................A-21
Character Tables ..................................................................................A-21
Glossary
Index
.
VZZZ
Your new Epson@ printer is a 48-nozzle ink jet printer, ideal for
quiet, high-speed printing.
Features
Your printer offers the following features:
High print quality. Epson’s new ink jet technology delivers
crisp 360 x 360 dots per inch (dpi) text and graphics.
Flexible paper handling. Use the built-in paper feeder to
load up to 100 sheets automatically. You can also insert
envelopes or single pages manually without removing the
paper supply.
Fast printing speed. You can print up to 180 characters per
second in 12-cpi letter quality (LQ) mode.
Quiet printing. Ink jet technology helps maintain a quiet
working environment.
Compact, streamlined design. Suited to the office or home
environment, its small footprint conserves your work space.
Epson ESC/P 2TM. This enhanced printer control language
adds scalable fonts and improved graphics capability.
Compatibility. Supports the Epson ESC/P@ commands
widely used in application programs written for other
Epson printers.
Convenience. Drop-in ink cartridge prints up to 700 pages
at 1000 characters/page.
Introduction 1
How to Use This Manual
Here’s what you’ll find in this book:
CI Chapter 1 describes how to unpack and set up the printer.
It also describes how to load the paper feeder and print a
self test. Be sure to read and follow these instructions.
Cl
Chapter 2 contains information that you will need to use
special printer functions. It explains how to load paper
manually and change printer settings from the control
panel.
LI Chapter 3 contains maintenance and troubleshooting
information. If the printer does not operate properly or you
have difficulties, see this chapter.
LI
The Appendix includes the printer specifications,
commands, and character tables.
CI A glossary of printer terms and an index are at the end.
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
Warnings nzusf be followed carefully to avoid bodily injury.
Cautions must be observed to avoid damage to your
equipment.
Notes contain important information and useful tips on the operation
of your printer.
2 Introduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up Your Printer
About Your Ink Jet Printer .................................................................. 1-2
A few precautions ....................................................................... 1-2
Choosing the right paper ........................................................... 1-3
Unpacking the Printer ......................................................................... 1-4
Attaching the paper support ......................................................l-5
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-6
Plugging in the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-7
Installing the Ink Cartridge . . . .,............................................................l-8
Testing the Printer .................................................................................l-13
Loading paper in the paper feeder ............................................ l-13
Running the self test ....................................................................l-14
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer ,,...................................... l-15
Setting Up Your Software Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-17
Tips for Using the Paper Feeder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-18
Setting Up Your Printer
1-1
About Your Ink Jet Printer
If you’re new to ink jet printers, you may wonder how they
differ from dot matrix or laser printers. Two noticeable benefits
of this technology are high print quality and quiet printing.
An ink jet printer produces cost-effective, quality print results.
When you use the right paper, you get crisp, laser-sharp
printouts usually associated with laser printers. And the ink
cartridge inside your printer is easier to replace and more
affordable than the toner cartridges used by lasers.
Inside the ink jet print head, tiny spray units, or jets, draw ink
from the cartridge and then propel them onto the page in the
form of characters or graphics. Because the print head doesn’t
strike the page as it prints, it is much quieter than an impact
printer such as a dot-matrix.
A few precautions
Even if you are familiar with other types of printers, be sure to
read through the following list of precautions to operate your
ink jet printer safely and efficiently:
CI Under normal circumstances, ink will not come out of the
cartridge. If it does get on your skin, wash it off with soap
and water. If it gets in your eyes, flush them immediately
with water.
0
Keep the ink cartridges out of the reach of children.
Cl
Do not dismantle the ink cartridges or try to refill them.
Ll Once you install the ink cartridge, do not open the clamp or
remove the ink cartridge except to replace it with a new
one. The cartridge may become unusable otherwise.
CI
1-2
Install the ink cartridge immediately after you remove it
from its package. Leaving the cartridge unpacked for a long
time before use may result in poor print quality.
Setting
Up Your Printer
0
Install the ink cartridge immediately after you remove it
from its package. Leaving the cartridge unpacked for a long
time before use may result in poor print quality.
0
Do not use an ink cartridge beyond its rated life expectancy.
Ink cartridges are good up to the date printed on the
cartridge carton.
0 When moving the ink cartridge from a cold place to a warm
one, let it sit for about one hour until the ink warms to the
new temperature.
0 Do not turn off the printer while printing or before the print
head is capped. (The print head is capped when it is in the
far right position.) The print head caps automatically if the
printer receives no data for several seconds. You can also
cap the print head by pressing the PAUSE button.
0 Do not put your hand inside the printer or touch the
cartridge during printing.
0 Before transporting the printer, make sure the print head is
capped, and do not remove the ink cartridge.
Choosing the right paper
One of the keys to getting great results with your ink jet printer
is selecting the right paper. Paper absorbency is an especially
important consideration. With paper that is too absorbent, the
ink can bleed slightly, causing characters to blur. However,
with paper that is not absorbent enough, the ink may take too
long to dry and smear easily.
The finish and thickness of the paper are also important. Avoid
paper that has a rough finish or a slick, coated finish. Also,
avoid paper that is too thick or too thin. See the paper
specifications in the Appendix for more information.
Most correspondence-quality paper works in your printer
without problems. However, it is a good practice to test any
paper or envelopes in your printer before buying large
quantities.
Setting Up Your Printer 1-3
To test a supply of paper, take a single sheet from the package
and load it in the printer. Perform the self test and check the
results. You should test both sides of the paper to determine
which gives you the best quality printing. If the ink does not
bleed or smear, the paper should be suitable for use with your
printer.
Because the drying speed for the ink depends on the pattern
being printed, the type of paper used, and the temperature and
humidity, some smudging or streaking may occur under
certain conditions. If the ink does not dry quickly enough, try
removing sheets one at a time as they finish printing.
Note:
Ink jet printers me plrrticulmdy sensitizle to the condition ofyour
paper. Keep unused paper in its origind pnckqing rrznterial and store
it in 0 cool, dry plnce.
Unpacking the Printer
Your printer box should include these items:
Paper support
Ink cartridge
1-4
Setting Up Your Printer
Power cord
In some locations, the power cord comes attached to the printer.
The shape of the AC plug varies by country; be sure the plug
included is the right shape for your location.
You must remove all packing and protective materials packed
with your printer before you can set it up and turn on the
power. Follow the directions on the Notice Sheet (inserted in
your printer) to remove these materials.
Save all of the packaging and the protective materials in case
you ever need to transport the printer.
Attaching the paper support
You should install the paper support before you begin using the
printer. To install it, push the paper support notches onto the
mounting posts on the printer case.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-5
Choosing a Place for the Printer
When selecting a location for your printer, follow these
guidelines:
Place the printer on a flat, horizontal, stable surface. If the
printer is tilted or at an angle, it cannot operate properly.
Place the printer close enough to the computer for the
interface cable to reach it easily.
Leave adequate room for easy operation and maintenance.
Avoid using or storing the printer in places subject to rapid
changes in temperature and humidity. Also keep it away
from direct sunlight, strong light sources, or heat
generating devices.
Avoid places subject to shocks and vibrations.
Place the printer where you can easily unplug the power
cord.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or
automatic timers. Also, avoid outlets on the same circuit as
large motors or other appliances that can cause fluctuations
in line voltage.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential
sources of electromagnetic interference, such as
loudspeakers or the base units of cordless telephones.
Use a grounded power outlet; do not use an adapter plug.
If you plan to use a printer stand, follow these guidelines:
Cl
Use a stand that supports at least 9.6 kg (21.2 lbs).
0
Never use a stand that tilts the printer. It should always be
kept level.
Q Place cables so they do not interfere with paper feeding;
secure them to a leg of the stand if possible.
1-6
Setting Up Your Printer
Plugging in the Printer
1.
Make sure that the power switch is turned off. It is off when
the 0 side of the switch is pressed down.
2.
Check the label on the back of the printer to make sure the
voltage required by the printer matches that of your
electrical outlet. Also, make sure that you have the correct
power cable for your power source.
Caution:
It is not possible to adjust the printerfor use at another
voltage. lf the rated voltage and your outlet voltage do not
match, contact your dealer for assistance. Do not plug in the
power cord.
3.
If the power cord is not attached to the printer, connect it to
the AC inlet on the back of the printer.
4.
Plug the power cord into a properly grounded electrical
outlet.
Setting Up Your Printer 1-7
Installing the Ink Cartridge
Each ink cartridge contains enough ink to print about 700
pages. The exact number of pages a single cartridge can print
varies according to the amount of text and graphics on each
page.
Cautiow
El The iuk cartridge is a self-contained unit. Under ordinary use,
ink will not leak from the cartridge. If ink does get on Tour
hands, wash them thoroughly with soap and water. lf mk gets
iuto l/our et/es, flush them immediately with water.
The first time you use your new printer, you need to charge the
ink delivery system with ink. You need to perform this
operation only once.
To prolong the life of your ink cartridge...
Ll Always wait until the print head stops moving before
you turn off the printer. (To stop printing quickly, press
PAUSE and then turn off the printer.)
Cl Never remove the ink cartridge except to replace it with a
new one.
tJ
Perform the cleaning cycle only if print quality has
declined.
U
Don’t move the print head by hand.
Cl
Leave the cartridge sealed until just before you install it.
Install the ink cartridge as follows:
1-8
Setting Up Your Printer
1.
Make sure the printer is turned off.
2.
Hold down both the ALT and PAUSE buttons while you turn
on the printer. Release the buttons after the printer starts
initializing.
The print head moves to the ink cartridge replace position
automatically.
Setting Up Your Printer
1-9
1-10
3.
Open the printer cover.
4.
Pull the top of the ink cartridge clamp towards you to open
it.
Setting Up Your Printer
5.
Open the foil package containing the ink cartridge and
remove it from the protective cardboad. Make sure to
remove the tape seal from the ink cartridge.
6.
Lower the cartridge into the holder with the label face up
and the arrow mark on the cartridge towards the arrow
mark on the printer case.
Setting Up Your Printer
l-11
7.
Push the ink cartridge clamp towards the back of the
printer to secure the cartridge.
8.
Press the ALT button again to charge the ink delivery
system. It takes about one minute. The PAUSE light flashes
throughout the cycle and turns off when the ink charging
has finished.
Caution:
Do not tur~z off or reset the printer until the ink-charging cycle
is complete.
9.
I-12
Close the printer cover.
Setting Up Your Printer
Testing the Printer
After you charge the ink delivery system, you can use the builtin self test to make sure the printer is working properly. You
can run the self test with paper from the built-in paper feeder or
by feeding a sheet manually. This section describes loading
paper in the paper feeder.
Loading paper in the paper feeder
1.
Open the paper feeder cover and lift the paper separator.
2.
Fan a stack of letter-size or A4 paper; then tap it on a flat
surface to even the edges.
Note:
The paper feeder holds up to 100 sheets (64 g/m2 or 16 lb maximum).
Setting Up Your Printer
1-13
3.
Insert a stack of paper all the way into the paper feeder
with the printable surface face-down. Align the right edge
of the stack with the right edge of the paper feeder. Then
move the left edge guide to match the width of your paper,
as shown below.
4.
Close the paper feeder cover and lower the paper separator
to secure the paper stack.
Now you are ready to run the self test. For more about printing
with the paper feeder, be sure to read “Tips for Using the Paper
Feeder” at the end of this chapter.
Running the self test
1.
1-14
Make sure the printer is turned off.
Setting Up Y our Printer
2.
While holding down the FONT button, turn on the printer.
(Hold down the button until the printer starts working; it
takes a few seconds,) It loads a sheet of paper automatically
from the paper feeder and begins the self test.
The printer prints characters in each font, in the order the fonts
appear on the control panel. Here is part of a typical self test:
Courier
!“#$%&I()*+,-./0123456789:; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQR
!"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:; <=>'?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRS
"#$%&'()*+,-./0123456789:; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTl
#$%&I()*+,-./0123456789:; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU
$%&'()*t,-./0123456789:; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVl
%a'()*+,-. /0123456789:; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVW:
&';;ln*T+,-./0123456789., .*<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVNX
'()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZn]"_'abcdefghij
()*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZn]*_'abcdefghij
)*+,-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZn]*_'abcdefghij~
3.
The self test continues until the paper in the paper feeder
runs out or you press the PAUSE button. To stop the test,
press the PAUSE button. To resume the test, press the
PAUSE button again.
4.
To end the self test, press the PAUSE button to stop printing
and then press the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the paper.
5.
Turn off the printer.
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test prints correctly, you are ready to connect your
printer to the computer. You need a shielded twisted-pair
parallel cable to connect your computer to the printer’s built-in
parallel interface.
Setting Up Your Printer 1-15
Follow these steps:
1-16
1.
Make sure both the printer and computer are turned off.
2.
Plug the cable connector securely into the printer’s interface
connector.
3.
Squeeze the wire clips together until they lock in place on
both sides. If your cable has a ground wire, connect it to the
ground connector above the interface connector.
4.
Plug the other end of the cable into the computer’s parallel
interface. If there is a ground wire at the computer end of
the cable, connect it to the ground connector at the back of
the computer.
Setting Up Your Printer
Setting Up Your Software Programs
Most application programs let you specify the type of printer
you use so that the program can take full advantage of the
printer’s features. Many of these programs provide an
installation or setup menu that presents a list of printers.
To take full advantage of your printer’s features, including
ESC/P 2, choose one of the first five printers on the list below.
If none of these is listed, contact your software manufacturer
for an update that includes one of these. Until you receive an
update, choose another printer as close to the top of the list as
possible.
Stylus 800
SQ-870/1170
LQ-870/1170
LQ-570/1070
LQ-100
ESC/P 2
SQ-850/2550
LQ-850+ / 1050+
LQ-550/1010
ESC/P
LQ-500
LQ-2550
.
LQ-800/1000
LQ-1500
1
If none of these printers is listed among your program’s
options, select the first one available from the following: LQ,
EX, FX, LX, RX, MX, Epson printer, Standard printer, and Draft
printer.
After you select the most appropriate printer as described
above, you may want to create and print a sample file with the
fonts and formats that you use most often. Printing the sample
file shows you how the printer works with your application
program.
If the printing results are not what you expect, see
“Troubleshooting” in Chapter 3 or consult your computer or
software manual.
Setting Up Your Printer I-17
Tips for Using the Paper Feeder
Following the tips below will give you the best performance
when printing with the paper feeder.
Load paper into the paper feeder before you turn on the
printer and send data. When the printer receives data from
the computer, it loads a single sheet automatically and
begins to print.
If the printer runs out of paper during a print job, reload
the paper feeder and then press the LOAD/EJECT button to
continue printing.
Press the LOAD/EJECT button if you need to eject a sheet of
loaded paper.
You can switch to manual loading to feed single sheets or
envelopes without removing the paper supply from the
paper feeder. For instructions, see “Loading Paper
Manually” in Chapter 2.
You can adjust the loading and print positions with the
printer’s micro feed feature. See “Controlling the Page with
Micro Feed” in Chapter 2. Because most application
programs take care of the top and bottom margins, you
should usually adjust the margins by using your programs,
taking the printer’s default loading position into account.
The default page length for paper loaded from the paper
feeder is 61 lines (letter-size paper) and 65 lines (A$-size
paper). You can change it using your application program
or printer commands, if necessary. See the Appendix for
more about printer commands.
If the ink does not dry fast enough, try removing sheets one
at a time as they finish printing.
1-18
Setting Up Your Printer
Chapter 2
Using Other Printer Functions
Loading Paper Manually.. ................................................................... 2-2
Paper sizes .................................................................................... 2-2
Printing on single sheets ............................................................ 2-2
Printing on envelopes ................................................................. 2-4
Operating the Control Panel.. ............................................................. 2-6
Indicator lights.. ........................................................................... 2-6
Buttons .......................................................................................... 2-7
Controlling the Page with Micro Feed .............................................. 2-8
Adjusting the loading position ................................................. 2-9
Adjusting the print position ...................................................... 2-10
Selecting Character Fonts .................................................................... 2-11
Scalable Fonts .............................................................................. 2-12
Condensed printing .................................................................... 2-12
Using the Default-Settings Mode ....................................................... 2-13
Default settings descriptions ..................................................... 2-14
Changing the default settings ................................................... 2-15
Using Other Printer Functions 2-1
Loading Paper Manually
You can load single sheets of paper or envelopes from the
manual feed slot without removing the paper supply from the
paper feeder.
Paper sizes
You can use the manual feed slot to load single sheets of paper
from 182 mm (7.1 inches) to 216 mm (8.5 inches) wide and from
257 mm (10.1 inches) to 297 mm (11.7 inches) long.
You can also load the following envelope sizes from the manual
feed slot:
Ll Envelope No. 6,166 mm (6.5 inches) wide x 92 mm
(3.6 inches)
Ll Envelope No. 10,240 mm (9.5 inches) wide x 104 mm
(4.1 inches)
Printing on single sheets
Follow these steps to load a single sheet in the manual feed slot:
1. Turn on the printer.
2-2
Using Other Printer Functions
2. Insert a single sheet of paper into the slot until it meets
resistance, aligning the right edge of the paper with the
arrow mark on the printer. The printer automatically loads
the sheet.
3. Send data from the computer to the printer. When the
printer receives the data, it begins printing.
When the printer finishes printing, it ejects the sheet
automatically. If the sheet does not come all the way out, press
the LOAD/EJECT button.
4. You can print as many sheets as you like from the manual
slot. When you want to switch to the paper feeder, press
the LOAD/EJECT button and do not insert a sheet into the
manual slot. The printer then loads a sheet of paper from
the paper feeder.
Using Other Printer Functions 2-3
Printing on envelopes
You can also use the manual feed slot to print on individual
envelopes.
1. Turn on the printer and open the printer cover.
2. Turn the paper-thickness lever clockwise as far as it will go.
3. Close the printer cover.
2-4
Using Other Printer Functions
4. Insert an envelope into the manual feed slot with the wide
end at the top entering the printer first, and the printable
side face-up, until it meets resistance. The printer loads the
envelope to the print position automatically.
5. Send data from your computer. The printer ejects the
envelope automatically when it is finished printing.
Note:
U Make sure your application program keeps the printing entirely
zuithin the printable area of the envelope. For a description of the
printable area, see the Appendix.
U Use envelopes only under normal operating conditions.
3 lf fhe ink is not dryingfast enough, try removing envelopes one at
a time as they finish printing.
6. To switch back to the paper feeder, turn the paper-thickness
lever counterclockwise as far as it will go. Then press the
LOAD/EJECT button to load from the paper feeder.
Using Other Printer Functions 2-5
Operating the Control Panel
The printer control panel gives you easy control over most
common printer operations. It consists of indicator lights and
buttons.
Indicator lights
PAUSE
On when printing is paused
FONT
Indicate the current font setting. These three lights go on and
off when you press the FONT button. The font menu on the
control panel helps you determine which font is selected. For
instructions on selecting fonts, see page 2-11.
CONDENSED
On when the condensed printing mode is selected. When this
mode is selected, the printer prints a condensed version of
selected fonts. See 2-12 page for more information.
2-6
Using Other Printer Functions
ECONOMY
On when the economy printing mode is selected. When this
mode is selected, the printer uses fewer dots per character. The
print speed is the same in both economy and LQ mode, but the
economy mode uses less ink. This mode is ideal for rough
drafts and editing work.
INK OUT
On when the ink cartridge runs out of ink. Rapid flashing
indicates the ink is low. For instructions on replacing the ink
cartridge, see page 3-2.
PAPER OUT
On when the printer runs out of paper. Rapid flashing indicates
a paper jam.
DATA
On when data remains in the printer’s memory.
Buttons
PAUSE
Press this button to stop printing temporarily. Press it again to
resume printing.
LOAD/EJECT
Press the LOAD/EJECT button to load or eject a sheet of paper.
If you have been printing from the manual feed slot, pressing
this button switches paper loading back to the paper feeder.
FONT
Press this button to cycle through the font choices on the font
menu. The FONT lights indicate the current selection.
ECONOMY/CONDENSED
Press the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button to select economy
printing or condensed mode. Press it again to turn your
selection off. The indicator light goes on or off next to the mode
you select.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-7
ALT
Hold down this button for several seconds to move the print
head to the ink cartridge replace position when the printer is
paused.
The ALT button also alters the functions of the other buttons.
Hold down the ALT button and press another button to change
the functions as follows:
PRINT HEAD CLEANING (ALT + PAUSE)
Starts print head cleaning cycle. See “Cleaning the Print
Head” on page 3-3 for details.
RESET (ALT + LOAD/EJECT)
Clears the printer’s buffer and initializes the printer
settings to their factory settings. See “Initialization” on
page A-11 for details.
MICRO FEED:
(ALT + FONT)
Feeds paper forward in l/180-inch increments.
(ALT + ECONOMY/CONDENSED)
Feeds paper backward in l/180-inch increments.
See “Controlling the Page with Micro Feed,” below for
details.
Controlling the Page with Micro Feed
You can use the printer’s micro-feed feature to adjust the paper
loading position or to adjust the current print position during a
print job.
When you adjust the loading position for single-sheet paper,
the printer remembers the new position only until you turn off
the power. The loading position returns to the factory setting
when the power is turned on again.
2-8
Using Other Printer Functions
Adjusting the loading position
The loading position is the position of the paper when the
printer loads it from the paper feeder or the manual feed slot. If
printing is too high or low on the page, you can change the
loading position with the micro-feed feature as follows:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on.
2.
Load a sheet of paper from the paper feeder by pressing the
LOAD/EJECT button, or from the manual feed slot by
inserting it into the slot.
3.
Open the paper feeder cover.
4.
As soon as the paper is loaded, hold down the ALT button
and press the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button to move
the loading position up l/ 180 inch, or the FONT button to
move the loading position down 1 / 180 inch. Continue
pressing the appropriate buttons until you reach the
position you want.
The pointer on the print head indicates the base line of printed
characters. (You may have to experiment a few times to get the
results you want.)
pointer
/ ink cartridge
5. Close the paper feeder cover.
6. Send data from the computer to start printing.
Using Other Printer Functions 2-9
Note:
U The printer has a minimum and maximum loading position. If
you try to move the loading position beyond these limits, the
printer beeps and the paper stops moving.
3 When the paper reaches the factory-set loading position, the
printer beeps. Use the factory setting as a reference point when
adjusting the loading position.
Adjusting the print position
The print position is the position on the page where the print
head actually prints during a print job. If you want to change
the current print position, you can use the micro-feed feature as
follows:
1. Press the PAUSE button to stop printing; the PAUSE light
comes on.
2. Hold down the ALT button and press the ECONOMY/
CONDENSED (up) or FONT (down) button to adjust the
print position on the page.
3. Press the PAUSE button again to resume printing. (You may
have to experiment a few times to get the results you want.)
Note:
The printer has a limit - 8.0 mm (0.31 inch) - to the amount you
can move the print position backwards using microfeed. Feeding
stops when you reach this limit.
2-10
Using Other Printer Functions
Selecting Character Fonts
Your printer has seven built-in character fonts including two
new Epson fonts: the Epson Roman T and Epson Sans Serif H.
(The Roman T is similar to the TimesTM font; Sans Serif H is
similar to HelveticaTM.)
Press the FONT button to select from the seven fonts listed on
the control panel. The three FONT lights come on (0) or go off
(a) to indicate the active font.
003
FONT
000 Courier
m RomanT (PS)
00. Sam H (PS)
300 Roman
000 Sans Serif
The table below lists the available fonts and shows how the
FONT lights appear for each selection.
FONT lights
Fonts
000
Epson Courier
ABCDEFGhi j klm0123456789
0.0
Epson Roman T
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
000
Epson Suns Serif H
ABCDEFGhijklmOl23456789
O@O
Epson Roman
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
000
Epson Suns Serif
ABCDEFGhi j klmOl23456789
000
Epson Prestige
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
0.0
Epson Script
ABCDEFGtijklLm0123456789
0 on
Sample
0 off
Note:
D
Roman T and Suns SerifHfonfs are available in proportional
spacing only.
Ll Font selections you make with your application program usually
override these control panel selections. For best results, use your
application program to selectfonts.
Using Other Printer Functions
2-11
Scalable Fonts
The size of the Roman, Sans Serif, Roman T, and Sans Serif H
fonts can be selected from 8 to 32 points in 2-point increments
by using your application program or by sending an ESC/P 2
command. See the documentation that came with your
application program for information on selecting the size of
scalable fonts. See the Appendix of this manual for a list of
ESC/P 2 commands. * L
Roman
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Epson
Roman T
Epson
Suns Serif
Epson
Suns Serif H
Epson
Condensed printing
Condensed printing reduces the size of characters to
approximately 60 percent of their normal width, allowing more
characters to fit on a line. This is useful for spreadsheets and
other applications where you need to print the maximum
amount of information on a page.
You can condense the current font by pressing the ECONOMY/
CONDENSED button. (Epson Roman T and Epson Sans Serif H
cannot be condensed.) You can condense printing that is 10 cpi,
12 cpi, and proportionally spaced. You cannot condense 15-cpi
printing.
Note:
If your application program controls characterfonts and can select the
condensed mode, you should select condensed mode through the
program rather than with the control panel. Program or command
settings often override control panel settings.
2-12
Using Other Printer Functions
Using the Default-Settings Mode
Your printer comes with a series of internal settings that control
a variety of printer functions, such as print direction and auto
line feed. Because these settings take effect each time you turn
on the printer, they are called default settings.
The factory default settings are designed to meet the needs of
most users, so you may not need to change them. The table
below lists all the features you can select in the default-settings
mode.
For a detailed description of each setting, see “Default Settings
Descriptions.” To change a setting, see “Changing the default
settings” on page 2-15.
Setting
Character table
Options
Italic U.S.A., Italic France,
Italic Germany, Italic U.K.,
Italic Denmark 1, Italic Sweden,
Italic Italy, Italic Spain 1,
PC437, PC850, PC860, PC863,
PC865, PC853’. PC857’,
PC437 Greek”, PC851”. PC855”.
PC866’. PC852’. BRASCII”“, or
Abicomp””
Available in the European
version only
* Available in the North/South
American version only
l
l
Auto print direction
On, Off
Network interface mode
On, Off
Mixed text/graphics mode
On, Off
Auto line feed
On, Off
Most application procgrms control the character table and auto line
feed. If your application program controls thesefeatwes, you may
clever need to set them with the control panel.
Using Other Printer Functions 2-13
Default settings descriptions
Character table
Character tables contain the characters and symbols used by
different languages. The printer prints text with the selected
character table. When you select this feature, the font lights on
the control panel go on or off to indicate the current selection.
Auto print direction
The printer ordinarily prints text bidirectionally for speed and
prints graphics characters unidirectionally for precise vertical
alignment.
When auto print direction is set to on, the printer switches
automatically between bidirectional (for text data) and
unidirectional motion (for graphics data). When this feature is
set to off, the print head motion is controlled by your software.
Network interface mode
If your printer is connected to a single computer, leave this
feature off. If you want to use the printer in a network
environment and share it among multiple computers, set this
feature to on.
When this feature is set to on, data may be present in the
printer’s buffer even though the printer is not continuously
printing. Always make sure the data light is off before turning
off the printer.
Mixed text/graphics mode
This feature is for software that has problems printing scalable
font text combined with graphics. Leave the mixed
text/graphics mode set to off if you do not notice any problems
in your printout.
2-14
Using Other Printer Functions
Auto line feed
When the auto line feed feature is on, each carriage return (CR)
code is accompanied by a line feed (LF) code. If your printed
text is unexpectedly double-spaced, set this feature to off. If text
lines print on top of each other, set it to on.
Changing the default settings
To change the printer’s default settings, you press the control
panel buttons; the control panel lights show your selections.
Follow the steps below to make your changes:
1. Make sure the printer is turned off and paper is loaded in
the paper feeder.
2. Hold down the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button and turn
on the printer to enter the default-settings mode. (Hold
down the button until the printer starts working; it takes a
few seconds.)
The printer loads a sheet of paper and prints a brief
summary and instructions. It instructs you to select the
language that you want messages printed in (English,
French, German, Italian, or Spanish).
3. Press the FONT button until the FONT lights indicate the
language of your choice; then press the ALT button to make
your selection.
0
Language
FONT light
English
0.0
French
l
German
0.*
Italian
000
Spanish
000
on
l
O@
Off
Using Other Printer Functions
2-15
After you press the ALT button, the printer prints the current
default settings, and the next instruction in the language you
selected. Wait until printing is finished, then go to the next step.
4. To move to the feature you want to change, press the ALT
button until the DATA, PAPER OUT, and INK OUT lights
indicate the appropriate selection.
DATA
light
PAPER OUT
light
INK OUT
light
Character table
0
0
0
Auto print direction
0
0
8
Network interface mode
0
0
l
Mixed text/graphics mode
0
0
0
Default-setting menu
Auto line feed
Oon
I
0
I
0
I
6
0 o f f 6flash
For example, if you want to change the character table
setting, press the ALT button until the DATA and PAPER
OUT lights are off and the INK OUT light is on.
5. Next, press the FONT button to change the setting.
As you move from setting{? setting, the FONT lights turn
on (O), off (O), and flash (0) to show your selection, as
indicated in the following table.
2-16
Using Other Printer Functions
Network mode
Off
0.0
on
0.0
Mixed text/graphics off
aa*
mode
on
1
0
Auto line feed
Off
1
l l 0
on
I
a
0
a
0
0
Available only in the European version
**Available only in the North/South American version
l
Using Other Printer Functions
2-17
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to make all of your changes.
7. To exit the default-settings mode, turn the printer off.
Note:
LI You may exit the default-settings mode any time by turning off
the printer. Any changes you have made remain in effect until
you change them again.
Q lf you want to check the new default settings, enter the defaultsettings mode again and print the current settings. After you
check them, turn the printer ofi to exit without making changes.
2-18
Using Other Printer Features
Chapter 3
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Replacing the Ink Cartridge ................................................................ 3-2
Cleaning the Print Head ...................................................................... 3-3
Cleaning the Printer ............................................................................. 3-4
Transporting the Printer ...................................................................... 3-4
Troubleshooting ................................................................................... 3-5
Power supply.. ............................................................................. 3-5
Printing ......................................................................................... 3-6
Paper handling ............................................................................ 3-10
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3-1
-
Replacing the Ink Cartridge
When the INK OUT light on the control panel flashes, the ink in
the ink cartridge is low. The printer will continue printing until
the cartridge is completely empty. When it is out of ink, the
printer stops and the INK OUT light stays on. Printing will not
resume until you insert a new cartridge.
It’s a good idea to keep a spare ink cartridge on hand. Use
Epson ink cartridge SO20025 to ensure proper operation and
preserve the life of the print head. Other brands of ink may clog
the print head or damage it.
Follow these steps to remove the empty cartridge:
1. Make sure the printer stops printing and both the INK OUT
and PAUSE lights stay on. Then open the printer cover.
2. Hold down the ALT button for several seconds and release
the button when the print head moves to the ink cartridge
replace position.
3. Pull the ink cartridge clamp toward you to release the
cartridge. (The clamp pushes the ink cartridge up so it is
easy to grasp.)
3-2 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
4. Lift the cartridge out of the printer and dispose of it
properly. Do not take the used cartridge apart or try to refill
it.
Caution:
lf ink does get on your hands, wash them thoroughly with soap
and water. If ink gets into your eyes, flush them immediately
with water.
5. Turn to page l-11 and follow the steps there to install the
new cartridge.
Note:
When you replace the cartridge, the printer will not recharge the ink
delivery system again. However, the print head may start moving as
the printer performs normal maintenance procedures. This can take
up to 40 seconds to complete.
Cleaning the Print Head
If print quality diminishes, use the printer’s built-in print-head
cleaning cycle to ensure that the nozzles are delivering ink
properly. To avoid wasting ink, clean the print head only if
print quality declines.
Follow these steps:
1. Make sure the printer is turned on and the PAUSE light is
on. lf the PAUSE light is not on, press the PAUSE button to
pause the printer.
2. Hold down the ALT button and press the PAUSE button for
two seconds.
The cleaning cycle takes about 40 seconds. The PAUSE light
flashes throughout the cycle and then stays on when the
cleaning cycle is finished.
3. Press the PAUSE button to resume printing.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3-3
Cleaning the Printer
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year.
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. Remove any paper from the paper feeder.
3. Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt.
4. If the outer case or the inside of the paper feeder is dirty,
clean it with a soft, clean cloth dampened with mild
detergent. Keep the printer cover closed to prevent water
from getting inside the printer.
5. If the inside of the printer accidentally gets soiled with ink,
wipe it off with a damp cloth.
q
Caution:
Never use alcohols or thinners to clean the printer;
these chemicals can damage the components as well as
the case.
0 Be careful not to get water on the printer mechanism or
electronic components.
U Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
CI Do not spray the inside of the printer with lubricants;
unsuitable oils can damage the mechanism. Contact your
dealer or a qualified service person @lubrication is needed.
Ll
Transporting the Printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack it using the original box and packing materials as
follows:
1. Open the printer cover and make sure that the print head is
capped in the far right position. If the print head is not
capped, turn on the printer to cap it. Then, turn off the
printer.
3-4 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Note:
Do
not
remove the ink cartridge when transporting.
2. Unplug the power cord from the electrical outlet; then
disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
3. Remove the paper from the paper feeder.
4. Attach the protective material to the printer.
5. Repack the printer and power cord and place them in the
original box.
6. Keep the printer flat in the box during transport.
7. If the print quality is poor after transport, clean the print
head. See “Cleaning the Print Head.”
Troubleshooting
Most problems you may encounter while operating your
printer have simple solutions. Find your problem in this section
and follow the recommended steps. If you cannot solve your
problem, contact your dealer or a qualified service person for
assistance.
Power supply
The printer does not work or control panel lights are off.
Check that the power cord is properly plugged into the
electrical outlet.
Check that the side of the power switch with the vertical bar (I)
is pressed down to turn on the printer.
If the electrical outlet is controlled by an outside switch or
automatic timer, use a different outlet.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3-5
Plug another electrical device into the outlet to determine
whether it is working.
The lights come on briefly but then go off and stay off.
Check that the printer’s voltage rating matches the voltage of
your electrical outlet. If the voltages do not match, unplug the
printer and contact your dealer immediately. Do not reconnect
the power cord to an electrical outlet.
Printing
All lights on the control panel are on but nothing prints.
Contact your dealer,
Printing stops and the printer beeps five times.
A carriage error occurred. Turn off the printer. After a few
seconds turn it on again.
The INK OUT light flashes.
The ink cartridge is almost out of ink. Get ready to replace the
ink cartridge.
The INK OUT light is on and the printer beeps three times; the printer
does not print.
The ink cartridge may be empty, or not installed at all. Replace
the ink cartridge with a new one.
Printing stops and the PAUSE light is on.
Printing was temporarily suspended. Press the PAUSE button to
continue.
3-6 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The PAUSE light is off but nothing prints.
The interface cable may not be plugged in securely.
Check both ends of the cable between the printer and the
computer. Make sure your interface cable meets both the
printer and computer specifications.
Make sure that your software is properly set up for your
printer.
Printed output is not as expected.
If the printer does not print correctly, try the self test described
in Chapter 1. If the self test works properly, the printer is all
right, and the problem probably lies in the computer, the
application program, or the interface cable. If the self test does
not work, contact your dealer or a qualified service person.
Check the printer settings within your software program.
Use the hex dump mode to pinpoint communication problems
between the printer and your application program. To enter the
hex dump mode, hold down the LOAD/EJECT and FONT
buttons and turn on the printer. (Hold down the buttons until
the printer starts working; it takes a few seconds.) Then send
data from the computer. The printer prints the exact codes it
receives from the computer in hexadecimal format. You can
analyze this information to isolate problems.
The printer sounds like it is printing, but nothing prints.
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Hold down the ALT
button and press the PAUSE button for two seconds to clean the
print head. See “Cleaning the Print Head” earlier in this
chapter.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3-7
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics.
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Hold down the ALT
button and press the PAUSE button for two seconds to clean the
print head. See “Cleaning the Print Head” earlier in this chapter.
Set the Mixed text/graphics mode to on in the default-settings
mode. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” in Chapter 2.
Set the Network interface mode to on in the default-settings
mode. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” in Chapter 2.
The printed image is light or faint.
The print head nozzles may be clogged. Hold down the ALT
button and press the PAUSE button for two seconds to clean the
print head. See “Cleaning the Print Head” earlier in this
chapter.
The paper-thickness lever may not be set correctly. The raised
position for envelopes may cause faint printouts if used for
plain paper. For details on the paper-thickness lever, see
“Loading Paper Manually” in Chapter 2.
Your paper may be moist or damp. Ink jet printers are sensitive
to moisture absorbed by the paper. Do not store your paper in a
damp or humid environment.
You may have selected the economy printing mode. To exit this
mode, press the ECONOMY/CONDENSED button until the
ECONOMY light goes off.
The printed image is blurred.
You may not be using the correct type of paper. Although most
types of business-correspondence-quality paper work well with
your printer, you should always test the paper you want to use
before buying it in large quantities. See Chapter 1 for tips on
choosing the right paper.
3-8 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
You may not be printing on the correct side of the paper. Test
both sides to determine which side gives you the best print
quality.
Your paper may be moist or damp. Do not store your paper in a
damp or humid environment.
The typestyles or characters set with your software do not print.
Check that the program is correctly configured for your printer.
The font selected on the control panel does not print.
Your software settings may be overriding the control panel
setting. Check the font settings in your software.
The wrong characters are printed.
The wrong character table is selected. Change the character
table as described in “Using the Default-Settings Mode” in
Chapter 2.
Printing starts too high or too low on the page.
Adjust the top margin using your application program or use
the printer’s micro feed feature to make minor adjustments to
the loading position. See “Controlling the Page with Micro
Feed” in Chapter 2.
All the text prints on the same line.
Set auto line feed to on in the default-settings mode so that the
printer automatically adds a line-feed code to each carriage
return. See “Using the Default-Settings Mode” in Chapter 2.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3-9
The text prints an extra blank line between each text line.
Set auto line feed to off in the default-settings mode so that two
line-feed signals are not sent. See “Using the Default-Settings
Mode” in Chapter 2.
Line spacing is incorrect. Adjust the line-space setting with
your software.
Printed page length is not as expected.
The page length setting may not match the length of the paper
loaded in the printer. Change the page length setting within
your software to match to the paper you are using.
Paper handling
The printer does not print; the PAPER OUT light is on and the printer
beeps three times.
No paper is loaded in the printer. Load paper in the paper
feeder or from the manual feed slot.
Single sheets do not feed properly from the paper feeder.
Too many sheets are loaded in the paper feeder. Remove the
paper from the paper feeder and reload up to 100 sheets.
The paper is too thick or too thin to be fed. Make sure that the
paper you are using meets the specifications. Some paper types
require manual feeding. See “Technical Specifications” in the
Appendix.
The printer loads more than one sheet at a time.
The paper is too thin. Make sure that the paper you are using
meets the specifications. Some paper types require manual
feeding. See “Technical Specifications” in the Appendix.
3-10 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The ejected paper is wrinkled.
The paper is too thin or is damp. Make sure that the paper you
are using meets the specifications. See “Technical
Specifications” in the Appendix. Do not store your paper in a
damp or humid environment.
The paper does not fully eject.
Use the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the page.
The paper may be too long to be loaded from the manual feed
slot. Use paper that is within the specified size. See “Technical
Specifications” in the Appendix.
Paper is loaded crookedly from the manual feed slot.
Use the LOAD/EJECT button to eject the page. Then insert a
new sheet straight into the manual feed slot.
The paper is jammed inside the printer.
To clear a paper jam follow the steps below.
1. Open the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
2. Pull the access panel away from the rear of the printer, as
shown below.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting 3-11
3. Pull the paper out gently. If the paper tears, make sure you
remove any remaining pieces.
4. If the paper is caught in the paper ejection area, gently pull
it out of the printer.
5. Push the access panel back onto the rear of the printer and
close the printer cover and the paper feeder cover.
Preventing paper feed and paper jam problems
If you have frequent paper feed or paper jam problems, refer to
this checklist of corrective measures:
Ll Use a higher-quality paper, one that is not too thin or
rough. Some types of paper require manual feeding. See
Chapter 2.
tl Fan the stack of paper and then tap it on an edge to align it
before you load it.
Ll Be sure that you do not load too much paper in the paper
feeder. You can load up to 100 pages.
Cl Try turning the stack of paper over in the paper feeder.
Most packages of paper indicate the best side to print on
with an arrow on the end of the package. Make sure the
best side is loaded face down.
3-12 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Technical Specifications ..................................................................... A-2
Printer specifications ................................................................. A-2
Interface specifications .............................................................. A-7
Initialization ................................................................................ A-11
Command Summary .......................................................................... A-13
Sending printer commands ...................................................... A-13
Using the command summary.. ............................................... A-13
General operation ...................................................................... A-13
Paper feeding. ............................................................................. A-14
Page format ................................................................................. A-14
Print position motion.. ............................................................... A-15
Font selection .............................................................................. A-15
Font enhancement ...................................................................... A-17
Spacing ........................................................................................ A-17
Character handling .................................................................... A-18
Bit image ...................................................................................... A-20
Graphics ...................................................................................... A-21
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-21
Appendix A-1
Technical Specifications
Printer specifications
Printing method:
Drop on demand 48-nozzle ink jet matrix
Printable columns and printing speed:
Character pitch
Printable columns
Printing speed
10 cpi
80
150 cps
12 cpi
96
180~~~
15 cpi
120
225 cps
17 cpi (10 cpi condensed)
137
257 cps
20 cpi (12 cpi condensed)
160
300 cps
cpi: characters per inch
cps: characters per second
Maximum Resolution:
360 x 360 dpi text, graphics
Printing direction:
Bidirectional with logic-seeking for text and
graphics.
(The auto print direction can be set in the
default-settings mode.)
Line spacing:
l/6 inch, l/8 inch, or programmable in
l/360-inch increments
Paper feed speed:
82 milliseconds per l/6-inch line
Input buffer:
8 KB when mixed text/graphics option in
default-settings mode is set to ON
32 KB when mixed text/graphics option in
default-settings mode is set to OFF
A-2 Appendix
Bitmap fonts:
Select other font/pitch combinations using ESC/P 2 commands. See the
command summary later in this chapter for a list of commands.
Scalable fonts:
Font
Min pt
Max pt
Increments
Epson Roman
8
32
2 Pf
Epson Suns Serif
a
32
2 Pf
Epson Roman T
8
32
2 Pf
Epson Sons Serif H
8
32
2 Pf
Character tables:
North/South America:
Europe:
Other countries:
Character sets:
Paper
One italic and 7 graphic character tables
One italic and 12 graphics character tables
One italic and 5 graphics character tables
14 international character sets and 1 legal
character set
Single sheets (Paper feeder):
Width
210 to 216 mm (8.2 to 8.5 inches)
279 to 297 mm (11 .O to 11.7 inches)
Length
Thickness
0.065 to 0.14 mm (0.0026 to 0.0055 inches)
Weight
64 to 90 g/m2 (18 to 24 lb)
0 Use 90g/m2 (24 lb) paper under normal
temperature and humidity conditions.
Quality
Bond paper, plain paper
Appendix A-3
Single sheets (Manual insertion):
182 to 216 mm (7.1 to 8.5 inches)
Width
257 to 297 mm (10.1 to 11.7 inches)
Length
0.065 to 0.11 mm (0.0026 to 0.0043 inches)
Thickness
52 to 90 g/m2 (14 to 24 lb)
Weight
Bond Paper, plain paper
Quality
Note:
Use recycled paper under normal temperature and humidity conditions only.
Poor quality paper may reduce print quality, as well as cause paper jams and
other problems. lf you encounter problems, switch to a higher grade of paper.
Envelopes (Manual insertion):
166 x 92 mm (6.5 x 3.6 inches)
Size
No. 6
240 x 104 mm (9.5 x 4.1 inches)
No. 10
0.16 to 0.52 mm (0.0063 to 0.0197 inches)
Thickness
45 to 90 g/m2 (12 to 24 lb)
Weight
q Use envelopes only under normal
temperature and humidity conditions.
q Insert envelopes long side first; use the
manual feed slot only.
Quality
Bond paper, plain paper, air mail
q Difference in thickness within printable
area must be less than 0.25 mm.
Printable area:
Single sheets (paper feeder and manual insertion)
A
(See page A-5 for the values of A, B, and C.)
A-4 Appendix
Envelopes:
A
Ei
C
A The minimum top margin is 3.0 mm (0.12 inches).
B The minimum left and right margins is 3.0 mm (0.12 inches).
C The minimum bottom margin is 13.0 mm (0.51 inches).
Mechanical
Paper-feed method:
Ink cartridge (S020025):
Color:
Print capacity:
Friction
MTBF:
Black
Approximately 0.7 million characters in
letter quality mode
2 years from production date
(The cartridge life may vary,
depending on how often you use the print
head cleaning function.)
Storage: -30 to 40°C (-22 to 104°F)
Transit: -30 to 60 “C (-22 to 140 F)
1 month at 4O’C (104°F)
120 hours at 60°C (140-F)
Freezing: -3 “C (26.6”F)
thaws in approx 2 hours at 25°C (77°F)
4,000 power-on hours
Total print volume:
75,000 pages
Cartridge life:
Temperature:
Appendix A-5
Print head life:
1,000 million dots per nozzle
Dimensions and weight:
Height
Width
Depth
Weight
720 V model:
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
220-240 V model:
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
154 mm (6.0 inches)
435 mm (17.1 inches)
264 mm (10.4 inches)
(no paper)
4.8 kg (10.6 lb)
AC 120 V
AC 103.5 to 132 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.5 A
Approx. 13 W (during self-test
printing in LQ mode at 10 cpi)
AC 220 to 240 V
AC 198 to 264 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.3 A
Approx. 13 W (during self-test
printing in LQ mode at 10 cpi)
Check the label on the buck of the printer for the voltage
of
your printer.
Environmental
Temperature:
A-6 Appendix
Operation:
10to35”C(50to950F)
Storage:
-20 to 6O’C (-4 to
140°F)
Humidity (without condensation): Operation:
Storage:
20 to 80% RH
5 to 85% RH
Print assured area
10°C
(50°F)
I
I
27°C
(80°F)
35°C
(95°F)
Safety approval
Safety standards:
US model:
European model:
UL1950 with D3, CSA22.2 #220
EN 60950 (TUV)
IEC 950 (SEMKO, DEMKO, NEMKO, SETI)
R.F.I.:
US model:
European model:
FCC Part 15 Subpart B class B
Vfg. 243 (VDE 0878 part 3, part 30)
EN 55022 (CISPR Pub 22) class B
Interface specifications
Your printer is equipped with an g-bit parallel interface.
Specifications and pin assignments
The built-in parallel interface has the following characteristics:
Data format:
g-bit parallel
Synchronization:
STROBE pulse
Handshake timing:
BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level:
TTL compatible
Connector:
36-pin 57-30360 Amphenol connector
or equivalent
Appendix A-7
The table below provides the connector pin assignments and describes
their respective interface signals.
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
Signal
Direction
Description
1
19
STROBE
IN
STROBE pulse to read data.
Pulse width must be more
than 0.5 microseconds at
the receiving terminal.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
DATA 1
DATA2
DATA3
DATA4
DATA5
DATA6
DATA7
DATA8
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
These signals represent
information of bits 1 to
to 8 of parallel
data, respectively.
Each signal is at HIGH
level when data is
logical 1 and LOW when
it is logical 0.
10
28
ACKNLG
OUT
About a 1 O-microsecond
pulse. LOW indicates that
data has been received and
that the printer is ready
to accept more data.
11
29
BUSY
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates the
printer cannot receive data.
The signal goes HIGH in the
following cases:
1) During data entry
(for each character)
2) During printing
3) During an error state
12
30
PE
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates the
printer is in a paper-out
state or in an error state.
13
-
SLCT
OUT
Pulled up to 5 V through
1 .O kR resistance
14
-
AUTO
FEED
XT
IN
When this signal is LOW, the
paper is automatically fed
one line after printing.
(The signal level can be
fixed to this by setting
Auto Line Feed to on in the
default-settings mode.)
A-8 Appendix
cleared. This level is
normally HIGH; its pulse
width must be more than 50
microseconds at the
receiving terminal.
l-
32
-
ERROR
OUT
This level becomes LOW
when the printer is:
1) out of paper
2) in an error state
33
-
GND
-
Same as for pins 19-30
34
-
NC
-
Not used
35
-
OUT
Pulled up to 5 V through
1 .O k.Q resistance
^
-
NC
Not used
Note:
0 The column heading ‘Direction” refers to the direction of signal flow as
viewed from the printer.
0 “Return” denotes the twisted-pair return, to be connected at signal
ground level. For the interface wiring, be sure to use a twisted-pair
cable for each signal and to complete the connection on the return
side.
CT All interface conditions are based on the TTL level. Both the rise and fall
times of each signal must be less than 0.2 microseconds.
Appendix A-9
0 Data transfer must be carried out by observing the ACKNLG or BUSY
signal. Data transfer to this printer can be carried outonly after receipl
of the ACKNLG signal or when the BUSY signal is LOW.
Interface timing
The figure below shows the timing for the parallel interface.
BUSY
ACKNLG
DATA
STROBE
Approx. 5~s
Approx. 5~s
A-10 Appendix
Initialization
The printer can be initialized (returned to a fixed set of conditions) in
three ways:
Hardware initialization
The power is turned on.
The printer receives an INIT signal
from the parallel interface (pin 31
goes LOW).
The following condition then results:
1) The printer mechanism is initialized.
2) The input data buffer is cleared.
3) The download character set is
cleared.
4) The print buffer is cleared.
5) The default values are set.
l
l
Software initialization
Software sends the ESC Q (initialize
the printer) command.
The following condition then results:
1) The print buffer is cleared.
2) The default values are set.
(The last panel settings are
maintained.)
Control panel initialization
Hold down the ALT button and press
the LOAD/EJECT button.
The following results:
1) The input data buffer is cleared.
2) The print buffer is cleared.
3) The default values are set.
(The last panel settings are kept.)
l
l
Appendix A-11
Default settings
The table below shows the default settings that take effect when the
printer is initialized.
F
Item
Default setting
Top-of-form position
Current paper position
Page length
Single sheets:
65 lines for A4-size paper
61 lines for letter-size paper
22 inches for manual insertion
Left and right margins
Cancelled
Line spacing
l/6-inch line spacing
Character size
10.5 point
Vertical tab position
Cleared
Horizontal tab positions
Every eight characters
Font selection
Last font selected on control panel
Special printing effects
Cancelled (except condensed
printing)
Download character set
Hardware initialization: cleared
Software/control panel
initialization: deselected only
In addition, hardware and control panel initialization clears the data
buffer.
A-12 Appendix
Command Summary
Sending printer commands
Most actions your printer performs are handled by your software.
Software commands instruct the printer to print in a particular typeface,
feed the paper a certain amount after printing each line, start printing a
particular place on the page, and so on.
Some software programs let you send these commands yourself. This
allows you to enhance your printing in ways that may not normally be
available through the software. For example, some word processing
programs do not offer italics, but by inserting a command in your
document, you can use italics anywhere you like. The commands your
printer recognizes are listed in this command summary.
How you format commands depends on the software you are using. Some
software programs accept only the decimal format, while others let you
type in ASCII characters. (Some programs don’t let you insert printer
commands at all.) In addition, your software probably specifies certain
punctuation you must use to enter the command. If your software allows
you to send commands to the printer, the software manual should explain
exactly what format and punctuation are required.
Using the command summary
The following section lists and describes all the commands by topic. If a
command has no parameters, it is merely listed. If it has parameters, they
are explained. The parameters are indicated by lowercase letters, usually
n. The examples below show how the parameters are indicated.
ESC @ is a command with no parameters.
ESC U l/O is a command that uses 1 to turn the feature on and 0 to turn it
off.
ESC $ nl n2 is a command with two parameters.
ESC D nn is a command with a variable number of parameters.
General operation
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC @
64
40
Initialize Printer
Appendix A-13
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC U l/O
85
25
55
19
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
CR
FF
13
OD
Carriage Return
12
oc
Form Feed
LF
10
OA
ESC 0
30
32
Line Feed
Select l/&inch Line Spacing
ESC 2
48
50
ESC 3 n
51
33
Set n/l 80-inch Line Spacing
ESC + n
43
28
Set n/360-inch Line Spacing
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(cnn
40 99
28 63
Set Page Format
ESC(c40ml m2nl n2
m=ml +m2x2!%5
m: Top margin in defined units
n=nl +n2x256
n: Bottom margin in defined units
ESC(Cnn
40 67
28 43
Set Page Length in Defined Unit
ESC (C 2 0 nl n2
n=nl +n2x256
n: Number of defined units
ESC C n
67
43
Set Page Length in Lines
n = Number of lines
ESC C 0 n
67
43
Set Page Length in Inches
n = Number of inches
ESCln
108
6C
Set Left Margin
n = Left margin column
ESCQn
81
51
Set Right Margin
n = Right margin column
ESC EM n
Control Paper Loading/Ejecting
n = ‘R” Eject a sheet
Paper feeding
Select 1 /binch Line Spacing
Page format
A-14 Appendix
Print position motion
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC $ nl n2
36
24
Set Absolute Horizontal Print Position
n=nl +n2x256
n: Specifies print position from left
margin in defined units
* Before you define the unit, the
default is l/60 inch for this
command.
ESC \ nl n2
92
5C
Set Relative Horizontal Print Position
n=nl +n2x256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
Before you define the unit, the
default is 1 /120 inch in draft and
l/180 inch in LQ for this command.
l
ESC(Vnn
40 86
28 56
Set Absolute Vertical Print Position
ESC(V20nl n2
n=nl +n2x256
n: Specifies print position from top
margin in defined units
ESC(vnn
40 118
28 76
Set Relative Vertical Print Position
ESC(v20nl n2
n=nl +n2x256
n: Moves current print position in
defined units
ESC D nn
68
44
Set Horizontal Tabs
Up to 32 tabs entered in ascending
order
Terminated by 0
HT
9
09
Tab Horizontally
ESC B nn
66
42
Set Vertical Tabs
Up to 16 tabs: last n should be 0
VT
11
74
OB
4A
Tab Vertically
ESCJn
Advance paper n/ 180 inch
Font selection
ASCII
Dec.
ESCkn
107
Description
6B
Select
n = 0:
1:
2:
3:
Typeface
Roman
Suns Serif
Courier
Prestige
4: Script
10: Roman T
11: Suns Serif H
Appendix A-15
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC X nn
88
58
Select Font by Pitch and Point
ESCXmnl n2
m: Set pitch to 360/m cpi
m = 0: No change in pitch
m = 1: Select proportional
m=O,1,18,21.24,30,36,42,48.
60, or 72
n=nl +n2x256
n: Set point size in 0.5 points
Total points = (nl + n2 x 256) x 0.5
n = 0: No change in point
n = 0, 16,21,24,20,32,36.40,44.
48,52,56,60, or 64 (for Roman.
Sans Serif Roman T, and Sans Serif H.)
n = 0,21,42 (for other typefaces)
Cancel ESC X with ESC P, M g, p, !,
or @
l
ESC P
80
50
Select 10.5 point, 10 cpi
ESC M
77
4D
Select 10.5 point, 12 cpi
ESC g
67
70
Select 10.5 point, 15 cpi
ESC p l/O
103
112
ESC x n
120
78
Select LQ or Draft
n = 0: Draft
1: LQ
When selecting Draft, the printing
speed is the same as during LQ
Turn Proportional Mode On/Off
l
mode.
ESC 4
52
ESC 5
ESC E
ESC F
ESC ! n
33
A-16 Appendix
53
34
35
Select Italic Font
Cancel Italic Font
69
45
Select Bold Font
70
46
21
Cancel Bold Font
Master Select
To find the value of n, add together the
numbers of the font attributes and
enhancements you want to combine
from the list below:
n = 0: 1Ocpi
16: Double-strike
1: 12 cpi
32: Double-width
2: Proportional
64 Italic
4: Condensed 128: Underline
8: Bold
font enhancement
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
SI
15
18
OF
12
Select Condensed Printing
DC2
so
14
DE
Select Double-Width Printing
(one line)
ESC W l/O
DC4
87
57
14
Turn Double-Width Printing On/Off
20
119
Cancel Condensed Printing
Cancel Double-Width Printing
(one line)
Turn Double-Height Printing On/Off
ESC w l/O
ESC G
71
77
47
ESC H
72
48
Cancel Double-Strike Printing
ESCSO
a3
53
Select Superscript Printing
ESC S 1
83
53
ESC T
54
28 2D
Select Subscript Printing
Cancel Superscript/Subscript Printing
ESC(-nn
84
40 45
ESC - l/O
45
2D
ESC a n
113
71
Select Character Style
n = 0: Normal style
1: Outline
2: Shadow
3: Outline with
shadow
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC SP n
32
20
Set Intercharacter Space
n = Number of units of space added to
the space between characters
Units are 1 /120 inch (draft) and l/180
inch (LQ and proportional)
Select Double-Strike Printing
Select Line/Score
ESC(-30 1 nl n2
nl = 1: Underline
2: Strikethrough
3: Overscore
n2 = 0: Cancel score line selected
bynl
1: Single continuous line
2: Double continuous line
5: Single broken line
6: Double broken line
Turn Underline On/Off
Spacing
Appendix A-17
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC ( U nn
40 85
28 55
Define Unit
ESC(U 1 On
Define positioning unit as n/3600 inch
n = 10,20.30.40.50, or 60
n = 10: default
ESC c nl n2
99
63
Set Horizontal Motion Index (HMI)
Select Pitch in n/360-inch units
Total units = nl + n2 x 256
Character handling
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC(tnn
40116
2874
Assign Character Table
ESC(t30dl d2d3
Assign Character Table set with d2 and
d3 to table d 1
d1=0,1,2,3,48,49,50,or51
d2 d3 Character Table
0 0 Italic
1 0 PC437 (USA)
1 16 PC 437 Greek (Greek)’
3 0 PC 850 (Multilingual)
4 0 P C 851 (Greek)’
5 0 PC 853 (Turkish)”
6 0 PC 855 (Cyrillic)’
7 0 PC 860 (Portuguese)
8 0 PC 863 (Canada-French)
9 0 PC 865 (Norway)
10 0 PC 852 (East Europe)’
11 0 PC 857 (Turkish)*
13 0 PC 864 (Arabic)*
14 0 PC 866 (Russian)*
25 0 BRASCII(Brazilian Portuguese)“’
26 0 Abicomp(Brazilian Portuguese)‘*
available for European version only
“available for North/South American
version only
l
ESCtn
A-18 Appendix
116
74
Select Character Table
Select character table n assigned by
ESC(t
n = 0. 1,2.3,48,49,50, or 51
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC t n
116
74
ESC R n
82
52
n = 2: Remaps download characters
from 0 - 127 to 128 - 255 (unless a
character table has been
assigned to 2 with the ESC ( t
command)
Select an International Character Set
n= 0: USA
1: France
8: Japan
9: Norway
2: Germany
10: Denmark
3: UK
4: Denmark I
11: Spain II
12: Latin America
5: Sweden
6: Italy
13: Korea
7: Spain I
64 Legal
ESC & nn
38
26
ESC : 0 n 0
58
3A
ESC % n
37
25
Select User-Defined Set
n = 0: Normal set
1: User-defined set
ESC 6
54
36
Enable Printing of Upper Control Codes
This command enables the printing of
codes 128-l 59 (if current table has
characters in those locations).
ESC 7
55
37
Enable Upper Control Codes
Cancels ESC 6
ESC(Ann
40 94
28 5E
Print Data as Characters
ESC(Anl n2data
n=nl +n2x256
n: Amount of data
data: The following n bytes of data
printed as characters
Define User-Defined Character
ESC&Onl n2dOdl d2data
nl = First character number
n2 = Last character number
d0 = Left space of character
dl = Body width of character
d2 = Right space of character
data: 3 bytes required for each
character; super/subscript requires
only 2 bytes per character
Copy ROM to RAM
n = 0, 1,2,3,4, 10, or 11
n: Typeface (see list in ESC k
command description)
Appendix A-19
Bit image
ASCII
ESC
l
nn
DeC.
Hex.
Description
42
2A
Select Bit Image
ESC m n 1 n2data
n=nl +n2x256
n: Total columns
Total data = (n 1 + n2 x 256) x t
t = Number of data bytes per column
l
m
Horizontal
density (dpi)
Vertical
density (dpi)
Pins
Adjacent
dots print
t
0
1
2
3
4
6
32
33
38
39
40
71
72
73
60
120
120
240
80
90
60
120
90
180
360
180
360
360
60
60
60
60
60
60
180
180
180
180
180
360
360
360
8
8
8
8
8
8
24
24
24
24
24
48
48
48
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
6
6
6
A-20 Appendix
Graphics
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC ( G nn
4071
28 47
Select Graphics Mode
ESC(GlOn
n= 1 or49
Cancel Graphics mode with ESC @
ESC
46
2E
l
nn
Print Raster Graphics
ESC,cvhmnl n2data
c = 0: Full graphics mode
1: Compressed mode
v = 10,20: Dot density for vertical
in 3600/v DPI
h = 10,20: Dot density for horizontal
in 3600/h DPI
m: Number of vertical dots
1 <m124
n: Number of horizontal dots
Total dots = n 1 + n2 x 256
The following combination is not
allowed:
v= lOandh=20
l
Character Tables
These character tables are selected with the default-setting mode or by
using a command.
All tables except the italic character table are the same as the PC437 table
for hex codes 00 through 7F, so only the PC437 and italic tables are shown
completely. The rest of the tables show only the characters for hex codes
80 through FF.
The tables with + after the table name are available in the European
version only; those with ** are available in the North/South American
Appendix A-21
PC437 (USA, standard Europe)
~~DEo123456769ABCDEF
Llaa
MJL
spOBP’p~B6
0
1
!lAQaqUefzlTpf
2
ocz
”
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
§%5EUeuBbR
&6FVfvdO&
f 7GWgwqtiQl
(8HXhxgyi
hlw)9IYiyEar
LF
*:JZjz&iiy
VfESC+
; Klk{ic+
XL\11
PC850 (Multilingual)
,COOE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-22 Appendix
PC860 (Portuguese)
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
69ABCDEF
LA a E
c B 4
I
I
PC863 (Canadian-French)
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
CODE
69ABCDEF
LIaz
CEI
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
u&‘$-Lrp*
PC853 (Turkish)
amE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC865 (Norwegian)
l
69ABCDEF
CB4.
L
6-
89ABCDEF
Cd4:
L*aE
PC857 (Turkish) *
,
CCOE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Appendix A-23
PC85 7 (Greek)
PC437 Greek”
l
tCCDl89ABCDEF
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
1AP
PC855 (Cyril/k)
CaE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Llfdt2
L
PC866 (Russian)
l
BSABCDEF
LJI m n a
bJbAc*Jlpbl
tts6:
Y P Ill
b
f
&
lb
h
6
q
M c 3
-Hc3
i?‘bIJxtHTlU
effnXuoTIU
Cffa~iKOys
sgeHLnY3
A-24 Appendix
CODE
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
6
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
l
89ABCDEF
A P a
L* p I.3
BC6$lpcL!
0
lo
0
4
PC852 (East Europe)
BRASCII
(Brazilian Portuguese)
l
acE
1 0
1
:
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
l
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
2
3
1
l
-
Abicomp (Brazilian Portuguese) *
l
CCDj89ABCDEF
0
1.u
SP b i E,
A 6 iI 6
1
2
WA 6 4 6
3
A
6
6
6
4
5
6
7
oc4x u ti a
x(-Eiice
c
0c h
E 6 B 6
A
B
C
D
KTEMBU6t.l
LF
B Y e y
VTESCI
”
1
f3
FF
! E i a
i P
CR
f
.
8
9
%
0
6
Q
4
Appendix A-25
69ABCDEF
u
SP 0 8 P ’ p
!IAQaq
oc2 ” 2BRbr
A3CSCS
OC454DTdt
XSEUeu
616FVfv
‘7GWRw
(8HXhx
HrEMJ9IYiY
LF
*: JZjz
VT E6C + ; K I k i
CL
\ I ’
FF
CR
l, =Mlm;
~0
.zN^nSI
/70-o
A-26 Appendix
No characters are available for
hex code 15 in the italic character table.
International character sets
You can select one of the following international character sets with the
default-settings mode or the ESC R command. For example, when you
select “Italic France,” the characters in the “France” row on the table
below are used in the italic character table.
The following eight international character sets can be selected with the
default-settings mode or with the ESC R command.
Country
ASCII code hex
23 24 40 5B X SD 5E 60 7B 7C 7D 7E
USA
France
Germany
UK
Denmark
#s@r\ln’{II”
#
A
$
*
q
8
+.
’
6
il
A
.a
#$lAuu-‘lbup
E$@[\I^‘{Il-
Italy
#$@tE0A^‘eaA’
#UfiAUAU6iTi6AU
#$i@‘\tS^iIAbAi
Spain
Pt$@iRi^’
Sweden
~
A
)
-
The following five additional sets are available only with the ESC R
command.
Country
ASCII code hex
I
I
23 24 40 58 !iC 5D SE 60 7B 7C 7D 7E
Japan
#$@[VIA‘{Il”
Norway
Denmark II
#Ul?IE0AU6~0Ati
#$fizE0AUeE09ti
Spain II
#$&iNik’ifi6ti
Latin America
#$&iRikiiifi66
Korea
#$@[WIA‘{lI”
Legal
#
$
Q
D
’
r)
q
(
Q
Q
y
m
Appendix A-27
Characters available with the ESC ( A command
To print the characters in the table below, first send the
ESC ( * command.
A-28 Appendix
Glossary
The following definitions apply specifically to printers. If a word is italicized, see
that topic for more information.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standardized
coding system for assigning numerical codes to letters and symbols.
auto line feed
When this feature is selected in the default-setting mode, each carriagereturn code (CR) is automatically followed by a line-feed (LF) code.
bidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints in both directions. This increases
the speed of printing.
bit
A binary digit (0 or l), which is the smallest unit of information used by a
printer or computer.
buffer
The portion of the printer’s memory used to store data before printing it.
byte
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
characters per inch &pi)
A measure of the size of text characters, sometimes referred to as pitch.
character table
A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols that provides you with the
characters used in a particular language.
condensed printing
Printing in which the width of each character is approximately 60% of the
width of standard characters. Useful for fitting wide tables or spreadsheets
onto the paper.
Glossary
1
control code
Special codes used to control printer functions such as performing a
carriage return or line feed.
cpi
See characters per inch.
default
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned on, reset,
or initialized.
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by a
pattern (matrix) of individual dots.
double-height printing
Printing in which each character is twice as tall as normal.
double-strike printing
Printing in which each character is printed twice.
double-width printing
Printing in which each character is twice as wide as normal.
emphasized printing
Printing in which each character is printed twice (darker), with the second
slightly to the right of the first.
ESC/P
Abbreviation for Epson Standard Code for Printers. This system of
commands gives you software control of your printer from your
computer. It is standard for all Epson printers and supported by most
application software for personal computers.
ESC/P 2
The enhanced version of the ESC/P printer command language.
Commands in this language produce laser-like features, such as scalable
fonts and enhanced graphics printing.
2 Glossary
font
A font is a style of type designated by a family name.
hex dump
A troubleshooting feature that helps advanced users find the cause of
communication problems between the printer and the computer. When
the printer is in hex dump mode, it prints each code it receives in
hexadecimal notation and ASCII characters. Also called data dump.
initialization
Returns the printer to its defaults (fixed set of conditions).
ink jet
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by spraying
ink onto paper.
interface
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel interface
transmits data one character or code at a time.
italic
A typestyle in which the characters slant. This sentence is italicized.
line feed
A control code that advances the paper one line space
loading position
The position to which the paper is automatically loaded.
LQ printing
One of two print qualities available on your printer. LQ printing provides
better readability and appearance at a reduced print speed.
parallel interface
See interface.
printable area
The area of a page on which the printer can print. It is smaller than the
physical size of the page due to margins.
Glossary
3
proportional printing
Printing in which the width of the character varies from character to
character. For example, a capital W receives much more space than a
lowercase i. The result looks more like a typeset book than a typewritten
draft.
R A M
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer’s memory used as a
buffer and for storing user-defined characters. All data stored in RAM is
lost when the printer is turned off.
reset
To return a printer to its defaults either by sending a command, an INIT
signal, or by turning the printer off and then back on.
R O M
Read Only Memory. A portion of memory that can only be read and
cannot be used for data storage. ROM retains its contents when you turn
off the printer.
self test
A method for checking the operation of the printer. When you run the self
test, the printer prints the characters stored in its ROM.
software program
A software program that helps you carry out a particular task, such as
word processing or financial planning.
superscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the normal
height in the upper part of the character space.
unidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints in one direction only.
Unidirectional printing is useful for printing graphics because it allows
more precise vertical alignment than bidirectional printing.
user-defined characters
Characters that are defined and stored in the printer by the user. Also
called download characters.
4 Glossary
Index
Individual command
d descriptions are not indexed here. For information on
a specific command, see the Appendix.
A
Access panel, 3-11
Adjusting loading position, 2 - 9
Adjusting print position, 2-10
ALT button, l-10, 1-12, 2-8, 2-15
ASCII codes, A-13
Auto line feed, 2-15, 2-16
Auto print direction, 2 - 1 3
2 - 1 6
B
Back panel, see Access panel
Bidirectional printing, 2-14
Buffer, A-2
Buttons, 2 - 7 , 2 - l 5 - 1 6
ALT, 1-10, 1-12, 2-8, 2-15
ALT + ECONOMY, 2-8-10
ALT + FONT, 2-8-10
ALT + LOAD/EJECT, A-11
ALT + PAUSE, 1-9
CONDENSED, 2-7,2-12,2-15
ECONOMY, 2-7,2-12,2-15
FONT, l-15,2-7,2-11,2-15-17
LOAD/EJECT, l-15,1-18,2-3,
2-5,2-7
PAUSE, 1-9, l-15,2-7,3-2
C
Cable,
parallel interface, 1-1.5-16
Cartridge, ink, see Ink cartridge
Cautions, definition, Intro-2
Character
fonts, 2-7,2-11-12, A-3
tables, 2-13-14,2-16-17, A-3,
A-21-26
Character sets, international, A-19,
A-27-28
Choosing paper, 1-3, A-3
Cleaning the print head, 3-3
Cleaning the printer, 3-4
Codes
ASCII, A-13-21
command summary, A-13-21
commands, sending A-13
control, A-13-21
Computer,
connecting to, l-15-16
CONDENSED button, 2-7,2-12,2-15
CONDENSED light, 2-6,2-12
Condensed printing, 2-12
Configuration, see Software
Connecting the printer, l-15-16
Control codes, A-13-21
Control panel, 2-6-8,2-U-18
Courier, font, 2-11, A-3
cover
paper feeder, 1-13
printer, l-10
D
DATA light, 2-7,2-16
Default
settings, 2-13-18, A-12
settings mode, 2-l 3-18
Index
IN-1
E
ECONOMY button, 2-7,2-12,2-15
ECONOMY light, 2-6
Economy printing, 2-6,2-12
EJECT button, l-15,1-18,2-3,2-5,
2-7
Ejecting paper, l-15,1-18
Envelopes
loading, 2-4-5
specifications, 2-2, A-4-5
Environment
for printer, l-6
specifications, A-6-7
Epson Courier, 2-11, A-3
Epson Prestige, 2-11, A-3
Epson Roman, 2-11-12, A-3
Epson Roman T, 2-11-12, A-3
Epson Sans Serif, 2-11-12, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 2-l l-12, A-3
Epson Script, 2-11, A-3
ESC/P, Intro-l, 1-17
ESC/P 2, Intro-l, l-17,2-12
F
FCC regulations, ii
Features, printer, Intro-l
Feeder, paper
loading, l-13-14
using, 1-18
FONT button, l-15,2-7,2-11,
2-15-17
FONT light, 2-6,2- 11,2-17
Fonts
button, 2-7,2-11
changing
with control panel, 2-11
with software programs, 2-11,
A-15
Epson Courier, 2-11, A-3
Epson Prestige, 2-11, A-3
Epson Roman, 2-11-12, A-3
Epson Roman T, 2-11-12, A-3
IN-2 Index
Fonts (continued)
Epson Sans Serif, 2-l l-12, A-3
Epson Sans Serif H, 2-11-12,
A-3
Epson Script, 2-11, A-3
lights, 2-6,2-11,2-17
samples, 2-11
scalable, 2-12,2-14
selecting, 2-11
Form feed, see LOAD/EJECT button
Form length, v
G
Graphics, 2-13-14,2-17
H
Help, where to get for USA users, iv
Humidity, printer environment, A-7
I
Indicator lights, 2-6-7
Initialization, A-11-12
default settings, A-12
Ink cartridge
clamp, l-10,1-12
installing, l-8-12
life, A-5
precautions, l-2-3
replacing 3-2-3
specifications, A-5
warning, l-8,3-3
INK OUT light, 2-7,2-16,3-2
Input buffer, A-2
Interface
connecting, l-15-16
specifications, A-7-10
International character sets, A-19,
A-27-28
Italic fonts, A-26
J
Jam, paper
clearing, 3-11-12
preventing, 3-12
L
Language, setting, 2-15
Lever, paper-thickness, 2-4
Lights, indicator, 2-6-7
Lines per page, v
LOAD/EJECT button, l-15,1-18,
2-3,2-5,2-7
Loading paper
envelopes, 2-4-5
manually, 2-2-3
paper feeder, l-13-14
single sheets, l-13-14,2-2-3
Loading position, adjusting,
2-9-10
M
Maintenance, printer, 3-2-4
Manual feed slot, 2-2-5
Manual insertion, 2-2-5
Micro feed
buttons, 2-8
using, 2-8-l 0
Mixed text/graphics mode,
2-13-14,2- 16-l 7
Moving printer, 3-4--5
N
Network interface mode, 2-13-14,
2-16-17
Notes, definition, Intro-2
P
Page length
manual insertion, A-4
single sheets, A-4
Paper
choosing, 1-3-4, A-3-4
envelopes, 2-2,2-4-5
feeder, l-13-14
printable area, A-3-5
single sheets, l-18,2-2, A-3-4
size, 2-2, A-3-5
specifications, 2-2, A-3-5
testing, 1-4
Paper jam
clearing, 3-11-12
preventing, 3-11
PAPER OUT light, 2-7,. 2-16
Paper support,
attaching, 1-5
Paper-thickness lever, 2-4
Parallel interface, l-15-16, A-7-10
PAUSE button, l-8,1-12,1-15,2-7,
3-2
PAUSE light, 2-6
Pausing printing, l-8,2-7,3-2
Place for printer,
choosing, 1-6
Plugging in the printer, l-7,3-5-6
Port, printer, see Parallel interface
Power
cord, connecting, 1-7
switch, 1-7
turning on/off, l-7,3-5-6
Precautions, ink jet, l-2-3
Prestige, font, 2-11, A-3
Print direction, 2-13-14,2-16, A-2
Print head, cleaning, 3-3
Print quality, 3-3,3-8-10
Print speed, A-2
Printable area, 2-13-14,2-16,
A-3-5
Printer commands, A-13-21
Printer status, see Indicator lights
Index IN-3
Printing
envelopes, 2-4-5
loading paper, l-13-14
manual, 2-2-5
self test, l-14-15
single sheets, v, 2-2-3
tips, 1-18
Printing position, adjusting, 2-10
Problems, see Troubleshooting
Software
controlling printer with, 1-17
printer menu, 1-17
setting up, l-17
Specifications, A-2-7
Speed, printing, A-2
Status lights, see Indicator lights
Q
Temperature,
printer environment, A-6
Testing paper, l-4
Testing the printer, l-14-15
Toll-free number, USA, iv
Transporting the printer, 3-4-5
Troubleshooting, 3-3,3-5-12
paper handling, 3-10-11
paper jams, 3-11-12
power supply, 3-5-6
print quality, 3-3,3-8-10
printing, 3-6-7
Typestyles, see Fonts
Quality, print, 3-3,3-10
R
Repacking printer, 3-4-5
Replacing ink cartridge, 3-2-3
Resetting printer defaults, 2-8, A-11
Roman, font, 2-11-12, A-3
Roman T, font, 2-11-l 2, A-3
S
Safety
approvals, A-7
information, iii-iv, Intro-2,
l-2-3
Sans Serif, font, 2-11-12, A-3
Sans Serif H, font, 2-1 l-12, A-3
Scalable fonts, 2-12,2-14
Script, font, 2-11, A-3
Self test, l-13-15
Service, where to get, iv
Settings
changing, 2-15
description, 2-13
fonts, 2-11
printer defaults, 2-12
Single sheets, v, 2-2-3
Sizes, paper, 2-2, A-3-5
IN-4 Index
T
U
Unidirectional printing, 2-14
Unpacking the printer, 1-4
V
Voltage
caution, l-7
power supply, 3-5-6, A-6
W
Warnings, definition, Intro-2
Weight, printer, A-6
Where USA users can get help, iv
Epson America, Inc.
20770 Madrona Avenue
Torrance, California 90503
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