Epson ActionNote Laptop User Manual

FCC COMPLIANCE STATEMENT
FOR AMERICAN USERS
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio and
television reception However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by hurting the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separationbetween the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
Consult an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels that
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to unused
interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
FOR CANADIAN USERS
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n'émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des Communications du Canada
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
Epson America makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, by or
with respect to anything in this manual, and shall not be liable for any implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or for any indirect, special, or
consequential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or
consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you
COPYRIGHT NOTlCE
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Epson
America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of information
contained herein Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the
information contained herein. Further, this publication and features described herein are
subject to change without notice.
TRADEMARKS
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation
ActionNote is a trademark of Epson America, Inc.
General notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright © 1993 by Epson America, Inc.
Torrance, California
ii
400221000
Important Safety Instructions
1.
Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the computer.
3.
Unplug the computer from the wall outlet before cleaning. Use a damp
cloth for cleaning; do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners
4.
Do not spill liquid of any kind on the computer.
5.
Do not place the computer on an unstable cart, stand, or table.
6.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are provided
for ventilation; do not block or cover these openings. Do not place the
computer near or over a radiator or heat register.
7.
Operate the computer using the type of power source indicated on its
label.
8.
If you plan to operate the computer in Germany, observe the following
safety precaution:
To provide adequate short-circuit protection and over-current protection
for this computer, the building installation must be protected by a 16
Amp circuit breaker.
Beim Anschluß des Computer an die Netzversorgung muß sichergestellt
werden, daß die Gebäudeinstallation mit einem 16 A
Überstromschutzschalter abgesichert ist.
9.
Connect all equipment to properly grounded (earthed) power outlets. If
you are unable to insert the plug into an outlet, contact your electrician
to replace your outlet. Avoid using outlets on the same circuit as
photocopiers or air control systems that regularly switch on and off.
10. Do not allow the computer’s power cord to become damaged or frayed.
11. If you use an extension cord with the computer, make sure the total of
the ampere ratings of the devices plugged into the extension cord does
not exceed the ampere rating for the extension cord. Also, make sure
the total of all products plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed 15
amperes
12. Do not insert objects of any kind into this product through the cabinet
slots.
iii
13. Except as specifically explained in this User’s Guide, do not attempt to
service the computer yourself. Refer all servicing to qualified service
personnel.
14. Unplug the computer from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged.
B. If liquid has entered the computer.
C. If the computer does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are
covered by the operating instructions. Improper adjustment of
other controls may result in damage and often requires extensive
work by a qualified technician to restore the computer to normal
operation.
D. If the computer has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged.
E. If the computer exhibits a distinct change in performance.
iv
Instructions Importantes de Séurité
1.
Lire complètement les instructions qui suivent et les conserver pour
références futures.
2.
Bien suivre tous les avertissements et les instructions indiqués sur
l'ordinateur.
3.
Debrancher l'ordinateur de toute sortie murale avant le nettoyage.
Utiliser un chiffon humide; ne jamais utiliser un nettoyeur liquide ou
une bonbonne aérosol.
4.
Ne jamais renverser un liquide d'aucune sorte sur l'ordinateur.
5.
Ne pas placer l’ordinateur sur un chariot, un support, ou une table
instable.
6.
Les évents dans les meubles, à l'arrière et en dessous sont conçus pour
l'aération; on ne doit jamais les bloquer. Ne pas placer l'ordinateur
près d'une source de chaleur directe.
7.
Le fonctionnement de l'ordinateur doit s'effectuer conformément au
type de source d'alimentation indiquée sur l'étiquette.
8.
Lorsqu'on desire utiliser l'ordinateur en Allemagne, on doit observer les
normes securitaires qui suivent:
Afin d'assurer une protection adequate à l'ordinateur contre les
court-circuits et le survoltage, l'installation de l'édifice doit
comprendre un disjoncteur de 16 amp.
9.
On doit brancher tout l'équipement dans une sortie reliée à la masse.
Lorsqu'il est impossible d'insérer la fiche dans la prise, on doit retenir
les services d’un electricien ou remplacer la prise. Ne jamais utiliser
une prise sur le même circuit qu'un appareil à photocopie ou un
système de contrôle d'aération avec commutation marche-arrêt.
10. S'assurer que le cordon d'alimentation de l'ordinateur n'est pas effrité.
11. Dans le cas oh on utilise un cordon de rallonge avec l’ordinateur, on
doit s’assurer que la valeur totale d'ampères branches dans le cordon
n’excède en aucun temps les amperes du cordon de rallonge. La
quantité totale des appareils branch& dans la prise murale ne doit
jamais excéder 15 amperes.
12. Ne jamais insérer un objet de quelque sorte que ce soit dans les cavités
de cet appareil.
V
13. Sauf tel que spéifié dans la notice d'utilisation, on ne doit jamais tenter
d'effectuer une reparation de l'ordinateur. On doit référer le service de
cet appareil à un technicien qualifié.
14. Débrancher l'ordinateur de la prise murale et confier le service au
personnel de service qualifié selon les conditions qui suivent:
A. Lorsque le cordon d’alimentation ou la prise sont end ommagés.
B. Lorsqu’un liquide s’est infiltré dans l'ordinateur.
C. Lorsque l'ordinateur refuse de fonctionner normalement même en
suivant les instructions. N’ajuster que les commandes qui sont
énumérées dans les instructions de fonctionnement. Tout
ajustement inadéquat de tout autre contrôle peut provoquer un
dommage et souvent nécessiter des reparations élaborées par un
technicien qualifié afin de remettre l’appareil en service.
D. Lorsqu' on a échappé l'ordinateur ou que l'on a endommagé le
boîtier.
E. Lorsque l'ordinateur démontre un changement noté au niveau de sa
performance.
Vi
Contents
Introduction
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
What This Manual Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Conventions Used in This Manual. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Chapter 1
setting up the computer
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1-2
1-3
1-3
1-6
1-8
1-10
1-11
Starting the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Diskette Drive or Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Trackball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Self Test (Halt On) Error Level . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Shadow RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Password (Security) Options . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing or Deleting a Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Hard Disk Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining Your Own Drive Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Rooting Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Virus Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
2-5
2-5
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-12
Opening the Screen . . . . . . . . . . .
Identifying the System Parts . . . . . .
Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Panel and Left Side . . . . .
Connecting the AC Adapter . . . . . .
Connecting an External Diskette Drive
Turning On the Computer . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
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Running SETUP
Vii
Setting the Default Speed . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Power Management Options .
Saving Your Settings and Exiting SETUP
Post-SETUP Procedures . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 3
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2-13
2-14
2-15
2-16
Using Your Computer
Taking Care of the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Using the Password Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Typing the Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Using the Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Special Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Using F11 and F12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Display Key Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Using the Embedded Numeric Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Stopping a Command or Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8
Resetting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Turning Off the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Changing the CPU Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Adjusting the LCD Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Using the Trackball . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Using Diskettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Inserting and Removing Diskettes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
Write-protecting Diskettes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Making Backup Copies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Using a Single Diskette Drive System . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Using a Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Backing Up the Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-17
Removing and Inserting the Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . 3-18
Saving Battery Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-19
Using PC Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-20
Inserting a PC Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Using Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-22
viii
Chapter 4
Powering the Computer
Using the AC Adapter . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Battery . . . . . . . .
Recharging the Battery . . . . . . . . . .
Low Battery Indicator . . . . . . . .
Using the Suspend Mode . . . . . . . . .
Using SETUP to Conserve Battery Power
Chapter 5
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Connecting Optional Devices
Connecting an External Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Parallel Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Serial Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Serial Port Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the EXT KB Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting an External Keyboard or Keypad . . . . . . .
Connecting a Mouse or Other Pointing Device. . . . . . .
Installing a Memory Module or a Numeric Coprocessor . . . .
Removing the Access Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Memory Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Numeric Coprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Access Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6
4-1
4-2
4-2
4-4
4-6
4-7
4-8
5-2
5-4
5-5
5-7
5-7
5-8
5-9
5-11
5-11
5-12
5-16
5-17
Using the VGA Utilities
Lotus 1-2-3, Version 2.x . . . . . . . . .
Microsoft Windows, Version 3.0 . . . .
WordPerfect, Version 5.1 . . . . . . . .
Using the VGACONF Utility Program
Display status . . . . . . . . . . .
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6-3
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-7
Select Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
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Standby Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Quit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Using VGACONF From the Command Line . . . . . . . . 6-10
ix
Appendix A Troubleshooting
Identifying Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Won’t Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Battery Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC Adapter Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The LCD Screen Is Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The External Monitor Screen is Blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Locks Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Diskette Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PC Card Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse or Pointing Device Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Keyboard Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Numeric Coprocessor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CMOS Battery Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
A-3
A-3
A-4
A-5
A-6
A-7
A-8
A-8
A-9
A-10
A-11
A-12
A-13
A-13
A-14
A-15
A-15
A-16
A-16
Appendix B Specifications
Main Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
Input Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
Mass Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
Monochrome VGA LCD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
Physical Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-4
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-5
Power Source Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-6
Glossary
Index
x
Introduction
The Epson® ActionNote is a light-weight computer supporting
a wide range of applications and hardware in a compact,
subnotebook-size form. Its 33 MHz, 486SLC microprocessor
chip, designed for portable computers, provides high-speed
performance. Standard features include:
TM
2MB, 4MB, or 8MB of RAM
Backlit, monochrome LCD screen, which supports VGA
resolutions of 640 x 480 and emulates VGA color with 64
shades of gray
Removable hard disk drive
Built-in trackball
PCMCIA version 2.0 Type II expansion PC card slot
Parallel port for an external 3.5-inch, 1.44MB diskette drive
or a parallel printer
Serial port for a serial device
Video port for an external color or monochrome VGA monitor
Port for a PS/2®-compatible pointing device or external
keyboard
Rechargeable battery
AC adapter for powering the computer and recharging the
battery
Socket for an optional numeric coprocessor
Suspend mode (1 MHz) to save battery power.
Introduction 1
Where to Get Help
If you purchased your computer in the United States,
Epson America provides local customer support and service
through a nationwide network of Authorized Epson Service
Centers. Epson also provides support services through the
Epson Connection” at: 1-800-922-8911.
Call the Epson Connection for the following:
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,
and operation of Epson products
Sales of accessories, manuals, or parts for Epson products
Assistance with Extra Care Road Service
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson
Reseller or Service Center
Customer relations
Epson technical information library fax service--also
available directly by calling (310) 782-4214
Product literature with technical specifications on current
and new products.
When you call for technical assistance, be ready to identify your
system and its configuration, and provide any error messages
to the support staff. See Appendix A for more information.
If you purchased your computer in the United States, Epson
also provides Extra Care Road Service. Your ActionNote
package should contain a packet describing this program.
If a packet is not included, call the Epson Connection. For your
convenience there is a sticker located on the bottom of your
computer with the number to call for assistance.
2 Introduction
If you purchased your computer outside the United States,
contact your Epson dealer or the marketing location nearest
you for customer support and service. International marketing
locations are listed inside the back cover of this manual.
If you need help with any software application program you
are using, see the documentation that came with that program
for technical support information.
What This Manual Covers
You do not need to read everything in this book to use your
computer; see the following chapter summaries to find the
sections you need:
Chapter 1 provides steps for setting up your computer.
Chapter 2 describes how to run the SETUP program; run this
program the first time you start your system. This is also
necessary if you want to set a password or if you change the
configuration of your computer.
Chapter 3 covers basic information about using the computer.
Chapter 4 explains how to power your computer using the AC
adapter and the battery and how to conserve battery power.
Chapter 5 describes how to connect optional devices.
Chapter 6 describes your VGA utilities.
Appendix A provides troubleshooting tips.
Appendix B lists the computer’s specifications.
At the end of the manual, you’ll find a Glossary and an Index.
Introduction 3
Conventions Used in This Manual
This manual uses the following type conventions:
Example
Meaning
Keys you press on the keyboard
Keys you press at the same time; hold
and press
down the key marked
the letter
, or hold down the key
key
and press the
marked
c:\DOS
Text as it appears on the screen
DISKCOPY A: B:
Text that you type exactly as shown
path\filename
Words printed in lowercase italics
represent optional parameter names;
here you would type the actual path and
filename, such as \ WORK\CONTACT
VIDEO
Names of hardware elements
4 introduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Computer
This chapter describes how to set up your computer. It covers:
Opening the screen
Identifying the computer parts
Connecting the AC adapter
Connecting an external diskette drive
Turning on the computer.
Note
For instructions on installing or connecting additional
equipment, such as a memory module, a monitor, or a
printer, see Chapter 5.
Setting Up the Computer
1-1
Opening the Screen
Follow these steps to open the LCD screen:
1. Place the computer on a level surface.
2. Turn the computer so its front is facing you.
3. Slide the release latch on the cover to the right and lift up the
screen.
1-2
Setting Up the Computer
Identifying the System Parts
Before getting started, look at the illustrations below to identify
the different parts of your computer.
Front View
The main components on the front and right side are shown
here.
LCD screen
Your computer has a backlit, monochrome LCD that supports
VGA resolutions up to 640 x 480 dpi x 64 shades of gray.
Release latch
Slide this latch to the right to release the top cover and open the
LCD screen.
Setting Up the Computer
1-3
Brightness switch
This switch controls the background brightness of the LCD
screen. Slide the switch down to lighten the screen or up to
darken it.
Contrast switch
This switch controls the contrast between the background and
foreground on the LCD screen. Slide the switch down to lighten
the contrast or up to darken it.
Trackball
Use this built-in pointing device to move around the screen,
select items, or choose commands in application programs that
support a pointing device.
Power switch
This switch turns the computer on and off.
Hard disk drive
Your computer comes with a removable hard disk drive. Slide
the drive to the right to remove it. See Chapter 3 for
instructions.
Access cover
Remove this cover to install a numeric coprocessor or
additional memory. See Chapter 5 for details.
Keyboard urea
This is where you type commands and enter data. For more
information, see Chapter 3.
1-4
Setting Up the Computer
Indicator lights
The indicator lights on your computer provide information
about its operation.
Power-Indicates the computer is turned on.
Low battery-Flashes to indicate the battery capacity is
less than 20%.
Suspend mode-Indicates the computer is in Suspend
mode.
Hard disk drive-Indicates the computer is accessing
the hard disk drive.
PC card slot-Indicates a PC card is inserted in the PC
card slot.
Num Lock-Indicates that Num Lock is set on the
keyboard. This activates the embedded numeric keypad
on the keyboard.
Caps Lock-Indicates that Caps Lock is set on the
keyboard.
Scroll Lock-Indicates that Scroll Lock is set on the
keyboard.
Setting Up the Computer
1-5
Rear Panel and Left Side
The components on the rear panel and left side of the computer
are shown here.
PC card slot
Insert PCMCIA version 2.0, Type I or II PC cards here.
See Chapter 3 for instructions.
Battery
The rechargeable NiCad battery powers your computer when
the AC adapter is not connected. To remove the battery, slide
this edge toward the back of the computer. For a full
description, see Chapter 4.
1-6
Setting Up the Computer
EXT KB (external keyboard/mouse port)
Use this port to connect any PS/2-compatible keyboard or
keypad. Additionally, if you attach the adapter to this port, you
can connect a mouse or other pointing device and a keyboard
or keypad. When used along with the PRINTER port, this port
also supports an external diskette drive. See page 1-10 for
instructions on connecting a diskette drive or Chapter 5 for
instructions on installing optional devices.
PRINTER (parallel port)
You can connect a parallel device, such as a printer, to this port.
When used along with the EXT KB port, this port also supports
an external diskette drive. See page 1-10 or Chapter 5 for
instructions.
COM 1 (serial port)
This port supports a serial (RS-232C) device. See Chapter 5 for
more information.
VIDEO (external VGA port)
You can connect a VGA monochrome or color monitor to this
port. Your computer displays information on both the LCD
screen and an external monitor at the same time.
DC input port
Connect the AC adapter cable here. See page 1-8 for
instructions.
Setting Up the Computer
1-7
Connecting the AC Adapter
The AC adapter is designed to be used in most countries, as it
can operate in the ranges 100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz. If you are
using the adapter in a country other than the one where you
purchased your computer, make sure you have the correct
power cable for the electrical socket. See the power cable
specifications in Appendix B for details.
Caution
Use only the AC adapter (model number AP-006) supplied
with the computer.
You may need to connect the AC adapter to charge the battery
before you use it the first tune. Follow these steps:
1. Connect the AC adapter plug to the DC input port on the
back of the computer.
1-8
Setting Up the Computer
2. Connect the power cable to the AC adapter.
3. Connect the other end of the power cable to a grounded
(earthed) electrical outlet.
The indicator lights on the AC adapter tell you the adapter is
working properly:
Indicates the adapter is connected to an outlet.
Flashes when the battery is recharging; remains steady
when the battery is fully charged.
Note
For complete instructions on using the AC adapter, see
chapter 4.
Setting Up the Computer
1-9
Connecting an External Diskette Drive
An external diskette drive is a portable device for accessing
data on diskettes. You can connect an Epson 3.5-inch external
diskette drive every time you use your computer, or just when
you want to use diskettes. Follow these steps:
1. Make sure the computer power is off.
Caution
Make sure the computer is turned off before connecting
or disconnecting the external diskette drive; otherwise
you could damage the drive.
2. Open the port cover on the back of the computer by pulling
down on the notch at the top.
3. Align the diskette drive cable connector with the parallel port
and external keyboard port. Push it firmly into place over
both ports.
1-10
Setting Up the Computer
4.
Tighten the retaining screws to secure the connection.
5. Run SETUP as described in Chapter 2 to set the Parallel
Option to 1.44MB, 3.5”.
Turning On the Computer
When you first use your computer, the battery may not be
charged; so make sure the AC adapter is connected when you
turn it on for the first time.
Before you turn on the computer, first connect and turn on any
external devices you will be using-such as a printer, monitor,
or pointing device. (See Chapter 5 for information about
installing optional devices.) Then slide the power switch on the
right side of the computer to turn it on.
Setting Up the Computer
1-11
The computer displays copyright information and then
performs a series of power-on diagnostics that check the circuit
boards, memory, ports, keyboard, and disk drives. It displays
several messages, including this prompt:
Press Delete to run SETUP
You may also see an error message followed by this prompt:
Press <F1> to resume or Delete to run SETUP
If this happens, press
to run the SETUP program and
check your system configuration. See Chapter 2 for a complete
description of the SETUP program.
While the computer finishes its testing, it displays several
screens showing your system configuration. If necessary, press
the
button on the keyboard to view the configuration
screens. Then press any key to continue the startup process.
Because your computer was set up at the factory, the
configuration listing should be accurate, but you will want to
run SETUP to enter the correct time and date. Additionally, if
you have changed the computer’s setup so that this information
does not match your configuration, be sure to run SETUP
Depending on your configuration, your computer may come
with MSDOS® and Microsoft® Windows® installed on the hard
disk. If your computer comes with MS-DOS, it starts up in
MS-DOS as soon as it completes the power-on diagnostics.
If you plan to use another operating system, such as OS/2,®
Unix®, or Xenix® install it now. See the documentation that
came with it for installation instructions. (Although this manual
includes sample MS-DOS commands, it does not explain how
to use your operating system; see your operating system
manuals for complete instructions.)
1-12
Setting Up the Computer
Chapter 2
Running SETUP
The SETUP program defines your system’s configuration so the
computer recognizes all of its devices. Because your computer
was set up at the factory, the configuration information is
accurate the first time you start the computer. If you change the
computer’s configuration by adding optional devices, however,
you need to update the SETUP settings.
The SETUP program is stored in the computer’s ROM BIOS
(read-only memory, basic input/output system), so you can
access it any time you turn on or reset the computer. SETUP
lets you verify or change the following settings:
Current date and time
Diskette drive or printer connection
Self test error level (Halt on)
Shadow RAM
Password feature
Hard disk drive type
System booting sequence
Virus warning
Power management options.
Running SETUP 2-1
The configuration you define through SETUP is stored in a
special area of memory called CMOS RAM. This memory is
backed up by a battery, so it is not erased when you turn off or
reset the computer. Whenever you start the computer it checks
the settings, and if it discovers a difference between the
information in CMOS RAM and your system’s configuration, it
prompts you to run SETUP. You see a message such as the
following:
CMOS memory mismatch
Run SETUP
You also see the following prompt at the bottom of the screen:
Press F1 to continue or Delete to run SETUP
If this happens, press
setting.
to run SETUP and correct the
Starting the SETUP Program
To start SETUP, make sure there is no diskette in the diskette
drive; then turn on your computer. (If your computer is already
on, turn it off, wait 20 seconds, and then turn it on again.) After
the self test, you see the following prompt at the bottom of the
screen:
Press Delete to run SETUP
As soon as you see this message, press
If you do not press
within approximately five seconds,
the computer starts loading the operating system and you will
not be able to run SETUP. If this happens, restart or reset the
computer and try again.
2-2 Running SETUP
When you press
, you’ll see the first SETUP screen. The
options for each setting are shown in the following table.
SETUP options
Setting
Options
Parallel
Ext printer
1.44MB.3.5"
Trackball
Enabled
Disabled
Halt On
All errors
All but diskette
No errors
Shadow
System & Video
video BIOS
System BIOS
Disabled
security
Disabled
System access
Setup access
Boot Sequence
A. C
C,A
Virus Warning
Enabled
Disabled
Default Speed
High
Low
Drive C:
None
Type 1 (85MB)
Type 2 (120MB)
Type 49 (“‘MB)
Note
If you are having trouble seeing your cursor position, press
to change the screen colors. Your cursor changes to a
solid highlight bar over the option.
Running SETUP 2-3
The table below lists the keys you can use to perform SETUP
operations.
Setup function keys
Key
Function
Displays a help screen describing some of the keys
you can use with the program
Displays a help screen describing the option
currently selected
Changes screen colors; if you have a color monitor,
pressing this key changes the display from color to
monochrome or monochrome to Color
Displays the exit menu so you can exit the SETUP
program
Moves the cursor to the next modifiable option
Changes the current setting; for numeric
parameters, increases or decreases the current
numeric value
Cancels the exit menu and returns to the current
screen
Displaysthe next page
Displays me previous page
Setting the Date and Time
The real-time clock in your computer continuously tracks the
date and time--even when the computer is turned off. The first
time you run SETUP, you’ll want to enter the correct date and
time. Once you set the date and time using SETUP, you should
not need to change them, unless you need to adjust the time for
daylight savings or other seasonal adjustments. (The computer
automatically changes the date for leap years.)
2-4 Running SETUP
Use the cursor arrow keys to position the cursor over the
portion of the date or time you want to change. For the date
option, you can change the first two digits of the year field
separately from the last two digits.
Use the
or
key to modify the date or time. You can also
turn on NumLock and type numbers into the fields that accept
numbers. Change the time using a 24-hour clock. For example,
5 p.m. would be 17.
Setting the Diskette Drive or Printer
Your system may have come with one external diskette drive
and you may want to connect a printer to the computer. The
Parallel option lets you select one of the following:
1.44MB, 3.5-inch
Ext printer.
If you want to connect the Epson external diskette drive, select
1.44MB, 3.5-inch. For a printer, select Ext printer.
Setting the Trackball
This option enables or disables the computer’s built-in
trackball. To use a mouse or other pointing device connected to
the EXT KB or COM 1 port, set this option to Disabled. To use
the built-in trackball, set this option to Enabled.
Running SETUP 2-5
Setting the Self Test (Halt On) Error Level
When you start your system, it performs a self test. The
Halt On option determines the point at which the system will
stop if it finds an error during the self test.
This option allows flexibility in your configuration. If your
computer is running without an external diskette drive or it
must always start, you can choose one of the options in the
following table to ensure the computer will boot.
Self test error levels
l
select
If
All errors*
You want your system to stop booting it it encounters
any errors during the self test
All but diskette
You want your system to stop booting If it encounters
any error except a diskette drive error during the self test
No errors
You don’t want your system to stop booting, even if it
encounters errors during the self test
Default setting
Setting the Shadow RAM
Your computer can access RAM (random access memory) faster
than ROM (read only memory). The Shadow option allows
your system to copy the contents of its system BIOS and/or
video BIOS into RAM so it can perform certain operations
faster.
If you set this option to System & Video, your system
automatically enables shadow RAM for both the system BIOS
and the video BIOS. You may need to disable one or both
shadow options, however, if you install a device that locates its
RAM in one of these areas.
2-6 Running SETUP
I
The Shadow option lets you choose what to place in the
shadow RAM area.
Shadow RAM options
l
Select
If
System &
Video’
You want to copy both your system and video BIOS into
RAM
Video BIOS
You want to copy your video BIOS into RAM
System BIOS
You want to copy only your system BIOS Into RAM
Disabled
You don’t want to use shadow RAM
Default setting
Setting the Password (Security) Options
The SETUP program lets you enter, change, or disable an
optional password to control who can access your system. The
following table lists the available options.
Security options
I
Select
Disable*
I
If
I You do not want to set a password
Setup Access
You want to set a password to use the SETUP program
System Access
You want to set a password to use the system
(computer). Including the SETUP program
* Default setting
If you select Setup Access, you’ll see the password prompt
only when you use the SETUP program. If you select System
Access, you’ll see the password prompt both for the SETUP
program and whenever the computer boots (loads the
operating system).
Running SETUP 2-7
Follow these steps to enter a password:
1. Move your cursor to the security option.
2.
Use
or
to select either setup Access or
System Access; then press
3. You’ll see the following prompt in a window at the center of
the screen:
Enter Password:
4.
Enter the password you want to use. As you type the
password, the screen displays an asterisk for each letter.
Then you see this prompt:
Confirm Password:
Again, you’ll see an asterisk for each letter you type.
If the password you type the second time doesn’t match the
first password you entered, you see the Enter Password:
prompt again.
5. As you exit the SETUP program, make sure you press
to save the new settings. If you set the System Access
password, when the system reboots you will see the
password prompt.
Changing or Deleting a Password
If you want to change one of the Password options, follow
the same steps as to enter a new one. When you see the
Enter Password: prompt, just type the new password you
want to use.
2-8 Running SETUP
If you want to delete a password, move your cursor to the
Security option and press
or
until you see the
Disabledoption.
Whenever you change or delete your password using the
SETUP program, make sure you save the new settings as you
exit the program.
Setting the Hard Disk Drive(s)
The SETUP program lets you set the type of hard disk drive
installed in your computer. The system is set at the factory for
the type of hard disk drive installed, so you should only change
this setting if you purchase an additional Epson ActionNote
drive with a different capacity.
Caution
Use only the appropriate removable hard disk drives
designed for your ActionNote computer, Inserting an
incompatible drive could damage your system.
Drive C options are as follows:
None
Type 1 (85MB)
Type 2 (120MB)
Type 49 (userdefined).
When you install another Epson ActionNote hard disk drive,
choose the drive type number that matches your drive’s
parameters. Future drives with higher capacities may require
you to define your own drive type; see the next section.
Running SETUP 2-9
Defining Your Own Drive Type
If the parameters for your hard disk (listed in its
documentation) do not match either of the types listed by
SETUP, you can define your own type. Follow these steps:
1. With the cursor on the drive you are defining, press
until you see Type 49.
2. Press
or
to move the cursor into the parameter fields.
3. Enter the appropriate values for these parameters or
to scroll through the available options.
press
or
Drive type options
Heading
Description
CYLS
The number of cylinders on the drive
HEADS
The number of read/write heads in the drive
SECTORS
The number of sectors on the drive
PRECOMP
The precompensation cylinder
LANDZONE
The landing zone (the area on which the computer
parks the heads)
Press
after typing each number. Check your drive
documentation for the correct value if the SETUP program
does not accept a value you’ve typed.
SETUP provides the hard disk size based on the other values
you entered.
2-10 Running SETUP
Checking System Memory
Your computer comes with either 2MB, 4MB, or 8MB of
random access memory. MS-DOS and application programs
that run under MS-DOS use the first 640KB of memory. You
can use the memory above 1MB as extended or expanded
memory.
Expanded memory can be used by application programs
conforming to the Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory
Specification (LIM EMS). Your computer is compatible with
version 4.0 of the LIM EMS.
The memory portion of the SETUP program’s STATUS page
displays the total memory available as well as the amount of
memory contained in each of the following:
Basememory
Extended memory
Expanded memory
Reserved memory between 640 KB and 1MB
Other memory.
Note
See Chapter 3 for more information on system memory.
Running SETUP 2-11
Setting the Booting Sequence
The booting sequence determines the order in which the
computer checks the drives when it looks for the operating
system.
For example, if you select A, c, each time you turn on the
computer it first checks drive A (the external diskette drive) for
an operating system diskette and loads the operating system
from that diskette. If drive A does not contain an operating
system diskette, the computer loads the operating system from
drive C. This is the default setting because you may sometimes
want to boot the computer from a system diskette in drive A.
If you select C, A, the computer loads the operating system
from drive C. If it doesn’t find the operating system on drive C,
it checks the diskette in drive A. This setting allows the
computer to load the operating system a little faster.
Setting the Virus Warning
Your computer contains a built-in virus warning function to
protect your data should a software virus come in contact with
your system.
If the virus warning option is enabled, the system displays a
virus warning message when it detects a program attempting
to write to the boot sector on either a diskette or the hard disk
drive. You must respond to a prompt either to allow a
legitimate program (such as the MS-DOS FORMAT command)
to write to the boot sector or to deny access to a program that
shouldn‘t be writing to the boot sector.
2-12 Running SETUP
If you install an operating system, it writes to the boot sector as
you install it. In this case, you probably do not want the virus
warning feature enabled. Therefore, your system initially has
the virus warning feature disabled. This way you won’t need to
respond to the virus warning prompts if you install an
operating system. Once you have installed it, you can enable
this option to take advantage of the virus warning feature.
Setting the Default Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: High
(33 MHz) or Low (8 MHz). The processor is factory set to High
speed, where it can access memory faster. If you want the
computer to always start at Low speed, change this option to
Low.
Use High speed for everything you do unless you have an
application program that requires a slower speed. Some
applications, like word processing programs, don’t need the
performance of a high CPU speed. (Check your application
software manual for guidelines.) You may also want to set this
option to Low to conserve battery power.
Running SETUP 2-13
Setting the Power Management Options
The options on the POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP screen
allow you to set custom timeout periods to conserve battery
power. Each setting is described in the following table.
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP Options
Option
I Function
Power management
function
Enables or disables the power management
functions; If enabled, you can Set the next two
counters
HDD timeout
Enables or disables a timeout period for the
hard disk drive; If enabled, and the hard disk
drive is not accessed for the specified period of
time, the hard disk drive goes into Suspend
mode
System timeout
Enables or disables a timeout period for the
system; if enabled, and the system is not
accessed for the specified period of time, the
computer goes into Suspend mode
Highlight the option you want to change and press the
or
key repeatedly to see what timeout periods are available;
then press
to make your selection. If you do not use the
keyboard for the specified amount of time, the computer
suspends the hard disk drive or the entire system to save
battery power. To resume activity, simply press the spacebar.
(You may have to wait a few seconds until the hard disk drive
reaches operating speed.)
2-14 Running SETUP
I
Saving Your Settings and Exiting SETUP
When you leave the SETUP program, you can choose to either
save the settings you have changed or exit the program without
saving any changes.
Follow these steps:
1. Press
You see the following prompt:
PRESS F5 TO SAVE AND EXIT
PRESS F1 TO EXIT W/O SAVE
2. If you want to save your changes, press
I f you don’t
want to save your changes, press
Either way, the
system reboots.
3. If you have just run SETUP for the first time, see “Post-SETUP
Procedures,” below.
Note
You may see an error message and a prompt to run SETUP
when your computer is rebooting if it detects a problem in
your SETUP configuration. If so, follow the instructions on
the screen to run SETUP and correct the problem.
You may also see an error message if you have not installed
your operating system on the hard disk and you have not
inserted a system diskette in drive A. If you receive this error
message, follow the instructions in your operating system
manual to install the software.
Running SETUP 2-15
Post-SETUP Procedures
If you have just run SETUP for the first time and your system
has not been configured, you now need to install the operating
system on your computer. See your operating system manual
for instructions.
After you have installed your operating system, you can install
any software you plan to use. See your application program
manual for instructions.
2-16 Running SETUP
Chapter 3
Using Your Computer
This chapter describes daily use of your computer, including:
Taking care of the computer
Using the password
Using the keyboard
Stopping a command or program
Resetting the computer
Turning off the computer
Adjusting the LCD screen
Using the trackball
Using diskettes
Using the hard disk
Using PC cards
Using memory.
Using Your Computer
3-1
Taking Care of the Computer
Before you use your computer, take note of these guidelines to
ensure proper maintenance:
Keep the computer and AC adapter dry, and do not subject
them to extreme heat or cold.
To prevent damage to the LCD display, do not place
external devices on top of the computer, even if it is closed.
When you are not using the external device connectors,
keep the covers closed to prevent damage to the ports.
Always operate the computer with the battery pack
installed to maintain a full battery charge.
Occasionally clean the exterior of the computer with a soft,
damp cloth.
Occasionally clean the LCD screen using glass cleaner on a
soft cloth; do not apply the cleaner directly to the screen.
Using the Password Function
You can select password security for the entire system or only
the SETUP program. This allows you to safeguard all your
data or to prevent unauthorized access to your SETUP
configuration. The password function is optional; you do not
have to set a password.
You use the SETUP program to enable and define a password
or disable it. (See Chapter 2 for instructions.)
3-2
Using Your Computer
If you enable the System password, you must enter it each time
you turn on or reset your computer. (Resetting the computer is
described later in this chapter.) The computer prompts you for
the password after it completes its power-on diagnostics.
If you enable the SETUP password, you must enter it before
you can use the SETUP program. The computer prompts you
for the password after you press
to start SETUP.
Typing the Password
You see a box with this prompt when the password feature is
active:
Enter Password:
Type the correct password and press
To protect your
password, the screen does not display the characters you type.
If you do not type the correct password, the system beeps and
repeats the password prompt. Try typing the password again.
The computer allows you three tries to enter it correctly. After
the third incorrect attempt, the system locks up and you see the
following message:
Password check failed - system halted
You must reset to try again.
Note
If you want to change your current password or disable the
password function, you need to use the SETUP program. See
Chapter 2 for instructions. If you forget your password, call
the Epson Connection at 1-800-922-8911 for assistance.
Using Your Computer
3-3
Using the Keyboard
Although the keyboard on your computer has only 79 keys
(SO on the international version), it still provides all the
functions of a full-size (102-key) keyboard. For example, a
full-size keyboard has a separate numeric keypad you can use
for both numeric entry and cursor control. Your keyboard has
an embedded numeric keypad that you access using the
and
keys. (Using the embedded numeric keypad
is described later in this section.)
Note
The keyboard on the ActionNote is available with different
layouts for different languages. Special keytop sets are
available in some countries. Additionally, you can use
MS-DOS to reassign the layout of your keyboard to
duplicate that of another country. See your MS-DOS manual
for more information.
This section describes how to use the following features on
your keyboard:
Special keys
The
and
keys
Display key combinations
The embedded numeric keypad.
3-4
Using Your Computer
Special Keys
Certain keys on your keyboard serve special functions when
your computer is running MS-DOS or application programs.
These special keys are described below.
Special key functions
Key
Purpose
Moves the cursor one tab to the right in normal
mode and one tab to the left in shift mode.
Changes the letter keys from lower- to uppercase;
Changes back to lowercase when pressed again.
The number/symbol keys on the top row of the
keyboard and the symbol keys in the main part of
the keyboard are not affected.
Produces uppercase characters or the top symbols
on the keys when used with the main character keys.
Produces lowercase characters when the Caps Lock
function is on.
Controls functions on the embedded numeric
keypad as well as other special functions.
Works with other keys to perform special (control)
functions.
Works with other keys to enter alternate character
codes or functions.
Moves the cursor back one space.
Ends a line of keyboard input or executes a
command.
Control cursor location.
Cancels the current command line or operation.
Using Your Computer
3-5
Special key functions (Continued)
Purpose
Key
Perform special functions within application
programs.
Turns on the numeric keypad; changes back when
pressed again.
Prints the screen display on a printer.
Works as defined by an application.
Controls scrolling in some applications.
Suspends the current operation.
I
Terminates the current operation (when used with
Turns the insert function on and off.
Deletes the character marked by the cursor.
The
and
keys work as toggles; press
them once to turn on the function and again to turn it off. When
the function is on, the corresponding light above the keyboard
is lit.
Using F11 and F12
and
The
keys perform special functions within
application programs. You activate these keys by using
and
with the
keys. Hold down
and press
to produce
produce
3-6
Using Your Computer
hold down
and press
to
Display Key Combinations
You can use the key combinations listed below in most DOS
applications to control the display.
Display key Combinations
Key
Function
Enters Suspend mode.
Toggles normal and reverse video.
Toggles between LCD, CRT. and simultaneous
display.
Toggles LCD backlight on and off.
Using the Embedded Numeric Keypad
The embedded numeric keypad allows you to enter numeric
characters from the keyboard when the Num Lock function is
on. The numeric keypad is shown below:
Using Your Computer
3-7
Press
to turn Num Lock (and its indicator light) on and
off. When you press the key in Num Lock mode, you enter the
numeric character instead of the letter. You can press
plus the key to enter the alphabetic character on the key; press
plus the key to enter the alphabetic character in
uppercase.
When Num Lock is off, you can generate the numeric character
plus the key.
by pressing
Stopping a Command or Program
You may sometimes need to stop a command or program while
it is running. Many programs provide a command you can use
to cancel or even undo an operation. If you have entered an
MS-DOS command that you want to stop, try one of the
following commands:
Hold down
and press
Hold down
and press
These methods may also work in your application program. If
not, you may need to reset the computer, as described below.
Caution
It is best not to turn off the computer to stop a program or
command. If you have created new data and have not yet
stored it, it will be erased if you turn off the computer.
3-8
Using Your Computer
Resetting the Computer
If necessary, you can reset the computer without turning it off
by pressing a combination of keys. This clears the computer’s
RAM and restores any default configuration settings. For
example, if an error occurs and the computer does not respond
to your keyboard entries, you can reset it to reload the
operating system and try again.
To reset the computer, the operating system must be either on
the hard disk or on a diskette in drive A. If you are using
MS-DOS, hold down
The
and
and press
screen goes blank for a moment and then the computer reloads
MS-DOS.
Caution
Resetting the computer erases any data in memory you have
not saved, so do not use the reset function unless necessary.
Also, some programs classify and store new data only when
you exit them properly; so do not reset the computer before
you exit a program, if possible.
If resetting the computer does not correct the problem, you
probably need to turn it off and back on again.
Using Your Computer
3-9
Turning Off the Computer
Before turning off the computer, save your data and exit the
program you are using. Make sure the hard disk drive and the
diskette drive lights are off, then turn off the computer by
sliding the power switch on the right side of the computer.
Caution
Always make sure the computer is off when you connect or
disconnect equipment, such as a printer or diskette drive.
3-10
Using Your Computer
Changing the CPU Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: High
(33 MHz) or Low (8 MHz). At the higher speed, the computer
performs all tasks faster. You may need to select the slower
speed, however, to run some copy-protected programs or a
program that has a specific timing requirement.
Unless you change the default setting in SETUP, whenever you
turn on or reset the computer, it starts up in Hi h speed. To
change the speed temporarily, first press
to turn
Num Lock (and its indicator light) on. Then, to change to Low
When you want to change
speed, press
back to Hi h speed, make sure Num Lock is on, and press
Note
You must press
keypad.
or
on the embedded numeric
If you want your computer to always start at Low speed, you
can change the default setting through SETUP. See Chapter 2
for instructions.
Using Your Computer
3-11
Adjusting the LCD Screen
The screen on your ActionNote is a backlit monochrome LCD.
You can adjust the brightness and contrast with the two
switches next to the screen. Adjust these switches to produce
the best display for your viewing angle.
Slide the brightness switch down to increase the background
brightness, or up to darken it. Slide the contrast switch down to
lighten the contrast between the background and foreground,
or up to darken it.
3-12
Using Your Computer
Using the Trackball
The trackball in the upper right comer of your ActionNote is a
built-in pointing device very similar to a mouse. You can use it
with most software applications that support pointing devices.
Inside your application, use the trackball to move the cursor,
select text or objects, cut and paste, or choose menu items.
Roll the trackball with your thumb and place your index finger
on the right button. The cursor moves in response to the
direction of the ball: up, down, left, or right.
You can press the right button and hold it down while you
move the trackball to “drag” objects around the screen. Like the
mouse, you can “doubleclick” the right button (press it twice
quickly) to make menu selections or block text.
The lower button is sometimes used by programs written for a
two-button mouse. See your application program
documentation for information.
Using Your Computer
3-13
Using Diskettes
Be sure to purchase highquality diskettes to ensure reliability.
For the 3.5-inch, 1.44MB, external diskette drive, you can use
either of the following types of diskettes:
720KB, double-sided, doubledensity (usually labelled 2DD)
1.44MB, double-sided, highdensity (labelled 2HD).
Inserting and Removing Diskettes
To insert a diskette, hold it with the label facing up and the
metal shutter leading into the diskette drive. Slide it into the
drive until it clicks into place.
release button
3-14
Using Your Computer
To remove the diskette, make sure the drive light is off; then
press the release button. When the diskette pops out, remove
and store it properly.
Caution
Never remove a diskette or reset or turn off the computer
while the drive light is on. You could lose data. Also, be sure
to remove all diskettes before you turn off the computer.
Write-protecting Diskettes
You can write-protect a diskette to prevent its data from being
altered. When a diskette is write-protected, you can read it and
copy data from it, but you cannot store new data on it or delete
any files it contains. If you try to change data stored on a
write-protected diskette, you will see an error message.
To write-protect a diskette, turn it over so you are looking at
the underside. Slide the switch in the lower right comer toward
the outer edge of the diskette until it clicks into position,
exposing a hole.
To remove the write protection, slide the switch toward the
center of the diskette until the hole is covered.
Using Your Computer
3-15
Making Backup Copies
It is important to make copies of all your diskettes. Make
backup (working) copies of all diskettes that contain programs,
such as your operating system and Reference diskettes; then
use only the copies. Store the original diskettes away from your
working diskettes. Also, copy your data diskettes as necessary
to keep your files up-to-date.
You’ll probably use your hard disk to store the programs and
data files you use regularly. Keep backup copies of all these
files on diskettes.
You can copy your data in several ways. See your operating
system manual for instructions.
Using a Single Diskette Drive System
MS-DOS expects a computer to have at least two diskette drives
(A and B), and displays prompts and messages accordingly.
Your ActionNote supports one 3.5-inch external diskette drive;
this is drive A. MS-DOS uses the one drive as two by
displaying alternate prompts for the source and target diskettes.
For example, if you need to make a copy of a diskette, you can
insert the diskette in drive A and enter the following command:
DISKCOPY A: B:
MS-DOS copies the data from drive A (the source diskette) to
its memory and then prompts you to insert the diskette for
drive B. At this point, you remove the original diskette, insert a
blank diskette (the target diskette), and press any key to
continue. Then MS-DOS copies the data from its memory to the
target diskette.
3-16
Using Your Computer
When you swap diskettes this way, it is a good idea to
write-protect the original diskette so you don’t accidentally
write over it. (See “Write-protecting Diskettes” on page 3-15.)
Using a Hard Disk
The removable hard disk in your computer has been prepared
for use at the factory. It also may have MS-DOS and Windows
installed. If you plan to use MS-DOS or Windows, you can
install your application programs and begin work. See the
documentation that came with your programs for instructions.
Follow these precautions to protect your hard disk from
damage and to avoid losing data:
Never turn off or reset the computer when the hard disk
drive light is on. This light indicates that the computer is
copying data to or from the hard disk.
After turning the power off, wait 20 seconds before moving
the computer. This allows the disks in the drive to stop
spinning and the hard disk read /write heads to lock in
place so you do not damage the drive.
Never remove the hard disk drive when the computer is on.
Backing Up the Hard Disk
Although the hard disk is very reliable, be sure to back up your
files onto diskettes in case you lose some data accidentally.
Make copies of all your system and application program
diskettes before copying the programs to the hard disk.
Using Your Computer
3-17
Removing and Insetting the Hard Disk
You can easily remove and replace the hard disk drive in your
computer. This is useful for sharing the computer among
several people, keeping data confidential, or managing very
large programs.
To remove the hard disk drive, slide it to the left as far as it will
go. (You’ll feel it ease away from the case.)
Then pull the drive straight out of the computer.
3-18
Using Your Computer
To insert the drive, slide it straight into the compartment as far
as it will go; then slide it to the right until you feel it snap into
place.
Caution
Use only the appropriate Epson hard disk drives. Inserting
an incompatible drive could damage your system.
Saving Battery Power
If you are using the hard disk while the computer is running on
the battery, remember that it uses more battery power. You can
reduce the power consumption, however, with the following
conservation measures:
Define a timeout period for the hard disk through the
SETUP program. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
Close the cover or press
+
to place the
computer in Suspend mode when you are not using it but
you want to leave it turned on. (Open the cover or press the
spacebar when you are ready to resume.) See “Using the
Suspend Mode” in Chapter 4.
Using Your Computer
3-19
Using PC Cards
A PC card is a credit card-sized adapter for your personal
computer designed to meet the PCMCIA (Personal Computer
Memory Card International Association) version 2.0 universal
standard for adding memory, storage, and interface capabilities
to portable systems.
Your computer accepts Type I and Type II PC cards such as
fax/modem cards, RAM cards, FLASH memory cards, and
LAN (local area network) cards.
If you want to use PC cards with your system, be sure to see the
PCREADME.TXT file on your Reference diskette. It provides
information on installing a PC card driver and updating your
CONFIG.SYS file. To access PCREADME.TXT from the DOS
prompt, follow these steps:
1. Connect the external diskette drive as described in Chapter 1.
2. Log onto Drive A: and type the following command:
A:TYPE PCREADME.TXT
MORE
You can also use any text editor or word processing
program to access this file.
3. Follow the instructions in the file to load the PC card drivers
and configure your system for the card.
Depending on the PC card you use, you may have to load
additional socket services or card services software before it can
work properly. You may also need to format the card before
you can use it. See the documentation that came with the card
for additional information for your specific card.
3-20
Using Your Computer
Inserting a PC Card
Follow these steps to insert a Type II PC card into the computer:
1. Open the PCMCIA slot cover on the right side of the
computer by pulling down the notch at the top.
2.
Insert the card into the slot as far as it will go. (A portion of
the card may extend from the slot; this is okay.)
release button
3. When you want to remove the card, press the release button
to eject it.
Using Your Computer
3-21
Using Memory
Your computer can use up to 8MB of memory. This section
describes how the memory in your computer works. Also be
sure to see your operating system manual for complete
information on memory management.
A computer’s memory is divided into three types:
conventional, reserved, and extended. The following diagram
shows the relationships between these types of memory and
their addresses.
All memory in a computer is managed using addresses—
numbers that describe the location of each byte of data. Each
memory chip must have its own set of unique addresses so that
the operating system knows where to store and find data.
Conventional memory is memory that MS-DOS recognizes and
manages directly. The size of conventional memory is limited
to 640KB and has addresses in the range 0 to 640KB.
Reserved memory is memory in the range 640KB to 1MB. The
system enhances its performance by using 128KB of this
memory as shadow RAM, and the remaining memory is
available.
3-22
Using Your Computer
Extended memory is memory with addresses in the range 1MB to
8MB, and is used only by the following:
Certain operating systems, such as OS/2
Some MS-DOS interfaces, such as Windows
Some RAM disk programs, such as VDISK
Some hard disk caching programs, such as SMARTDRV
Certain specially-written MS-DOS applications.
Use of extended memory requires a memory manager. Most
versions of MS-DOS include a standard extended memory
manager. If you are using MS-DOS, Windows, and other
compatible programs, it is best to use one of the memory
managers (such as HIMEM.SYS) that came with your software
because these memory managers have been tested and proven
reliable.
Most MS-DOS commands and application programs cannot use
extended memory directly. They need to use expanded memory,
which uses a portion of reserved memory as a window to
access RAM beyond 1MB. This type of memory allows some
MS-DOS applications to get around the 640KB size limitation.
You control expanded memory with a memory manager (such
as EMM386.EXE), which enables the computer to use extended
memory as expanded memory.
Using Your Computer
3-23
Chapter 4
Powering the Computer
You can operate your ActionNote with the AC adapter or the
removable battery. This chapter describes how to use these
power sources, and how to best conserve energy when using
the battery.
Using the AC Adapter
To conserve the battery, use the AC adapter whenever you
have access to an electrical outlet. When the AC adapter is
connected, it supplies power to the computer and recharges the
battery.
The AC adapter is ideally suited for travel to foreign countries.
It is designed to operate in 100-240 VAC ranges with a
frequency of 50-60 Hz. All you need is an appropriate plug for
the electrical socket; see Appendix B for specifications.
See Chapter 1 for instructions on how to connect the AC
adapter to the computer.
Powering the Computer
4-1
Using the Battery
The removable NiCad battery powers the computer when the
AC adapter is not connected. The length of time the battery can
provide power depends on how you use the computer. If you
use a bright screen display and access the hard disk and
diskette drive often, you consume more battery power and
shorten the length of the charge.
The computer alerts you by flashing the low battery light when
the battery is low. When you have only 1 to 3 minutes of
battery power remaining, the system beeps loudly. If you have
the AC adapter, you can connect it now and continue using the
computer. Otherwise, save your work and exit your program to
preserve any data.
To increase the amount of time you can use the computer
without electrical power, you can purchase additional batteries.
Maintaining a supply of charged batteries allows you to replace
a spent battery and continue your work.
Note
Use only the battery designed for use with the ActionNote
(model number A880632).
Replacing the Battery
Follow these steps to replace the battery in the computer with a
new one:
1. Complete your current activity.
2. Save your data and exit the program you are using.
3. Turn off the computer.
4-2
Powering the Computer
4. If the AC adapter is connected, disconnect it.
5. Turn the computer so that the left side is facing you.
6. Slide the battery to the left as far as it will go. (You’ll feel it
ease away from the case.)
7. Grasp the edge of the battery and pull it straight out of the
computer.
Powering the Computer
4-3
8. Insert the replacement battery into the compartment as far as
it will go and slide it to the right until it snaps into place.
Note
When you replace the battery, make sure the new one is
fully charged; otherwise you may run out of power
unexpectedly.
Recharging the Battery
The battery that comes with your system is rechargeable. You
may need to charge the battery before using it for the first time,
and you must charge it when it runs out of power.
To charge the battery, leave it in the computer. Connect the
AC adapter to the computer and to an electrical outlet. The
computer automatically charges the battery whenever the AC
adapter is attached.
The charging light on the AC adapter blinks while the battery is
charging. When the battery is completely charged, the light
stays on.
4-4
Powering the Computer
It takes approximately 1½ hours to charge a completely
discharged battery when the computer is off. If you use the
system while the battery is recharging, it can take up to 6 hours.
If the battery still has some charge left when you start charging,
the time will be less.
If you have additional batteries, it is a good idea to keep them
fully charged so you can replace the battery in your computer
when it runs low. This is especially useful if you are travelling
and run the computer only off the battery; an extra battery or
two extends the length of time you can power the computer
without the AC adapter.
Rechargeable batteries like the one supplied with your
ActionNote have a charge “memory.” If you frequently start to
recharge the battery before it runs out completely, it starts to
“remember” this discharge level. When you use it again, it may
stop supplying power at that level.
To reduce the memory effect and extend the life of your
battery, you should let it discharge completely whenever
possible before recharging it. If you use the computer every
day, you should completely discharge the battery at least once
a week.
If you find that over time the battery is losing its charge sooner,
the life of the battery may be reaching its end. Try letting the
battery discharge completely; then recharge it. If this fails, you
may need to replace it with a new battery.
Note
When your battery will no longer recharge, please contact
your local government agency responsible for hazardous
waste disposal. NiCad batteries are considered hazardous
waste and should be recycled or disposed of properly.
Powering the Computer
4-5
Low Battery Indicator
When the battery’s power is getting low, and you have
approximately 8 to 12 minutes of power left, the low battery
light starts to flash. Immediately before the battery runs out, the
computer starts beeping. At this point you have only
approximately 1 to 3 minutes to save your data. If the battery
runs out suddenly, you will lose any data you have not saved.
If you are close to a power source, connect the AC adapter to
avoid an interruption in your work.
If you don’t have your AC adapter with you, follow these steps:
1. Complete your current activity as quickly as possible.
2. Save your data.
3. Exit the program you are using.
4. Turn off the computer.
5.
If you have a spare charged battery, you can install it now.
See “Replacing the Battery” on page 4-2.
Caution
Make sure you turn off the computer before replacing a
battery. Removing the battery when the computer is
turned on causes the computer to restart, and any data
not saved to disk is lost.
If you do not have another battery, you need to wait
until you have the AC adapter to continue using your
computer. Then see “Recharging the Battery” on page 4-4.
4-6
Powering the Computer
Using the Suspend Mode
The Suspend mode provides an efficient way to save battery
power. There are three ways to enter Suspend mode:
Close the computer cover.
Press +
( Press the spacebar to resume.)
Set the Power Management options in SETUP.
An easy way to enter Suspend mode is to close the computer’s
cover. The Suspend light on the computer comes on. When you
open the cover, the Suspend light goes out and you can resume
activity immediately.
You can also press
to enter Suspend mode and
temporarily stop system activity when you do not need to use
your computer for short periods of time. The Suspend light
lights up and the screen goes dark. The computer suspends
power to its components and devices but continues to supply
power to the RAM. (If you are not going to use the computer
for a longer time-20 minutes or so-turn it off.) To resume
activity, press the spacebar. The computer resumes normal
operation at the point at which you suspended it.
If you want to set regular suspend intervals, you can set the
Power Management timeout options in SETUP. When you
enable these options, the computer automatically enters
Suspend mode if you have not used it for the specified period
of time. When you are ready to resume activity, press the
spacebar.
Powering the Computer
4-7
Using SETUP to Conserve Battery Power
The SETUP program includes Power Management options that
enable you to conserve battery power. These options allow you
to set timeout periods for your system and/or hard disk drive
so you don’t waste power. For instructions on running SETUP,
see chapter 2.
4-8
Powering the Computer
Chapter 5
Connecting Optional Devices
This chapter shows you how to connect these optional devices
to your computer:
External monitor
Parallel printer
Serialdevice
External keyboard, keypad, mouse, or other pointing device
Expansion memory modules
Numeric coprocessor.
Make sure the computer is turned off before you install or
connect any of these devices. This is a safety precaution and is
also necessary for the computer to recognize that you
connected a new device.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-1
The interfaces for the VIDEO, PRINTER, and COM 1 ports are
located on the back of the computer. To access any of these
ports, open the port cover by pulling down on the notch at the
top. The EXT KB port is on the far right, next to the battery.
Connecting an External Monitor
The VIDEO port on your computer allows you to connect an
external color or monochrome VGA monitor. When a monitor
is connected, you can display text and graphics on both the
LCD screen and the monitor.
Follow these steps to connect a monitor:
1. Make sure both the computer and the monitor are turned
off.
5-2
Connecting Optional Devices
2. Connect the monitor cable to the port labelled VIDEO on the
back of the computer.
3. If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them by hand
or with a screwdriver.
4. Connect the other end of the cable to the monitor, if it is not
already attached.
5. Connect the monitor’s power cable to a grounded (earthed)
electrical socket.
Note
An external monitor draws more battery power than the
LCD screen. For best results, power your system with the
AC adapter when you connect a monitor.
See Chapter 6 for details on using the VGACONF utility, which
allows you to enhance the display characteristics of your LCD
and/or external monitor.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-3
Connecting a Parallel Printer
You can use the PRINTER port to connect a parallel device, such
as a Centronics -compatible printer. Before connecting a
printer, check the manual that came with it to see if you need
to change any of its settings.
®
Note
If you are using an external diskette drive, you’ll have to
disconnect it before you can connect a printer to this port.
You cannot use both devices at the same time.
Follow these steps to connect a parallel printer:
1.
Place the printer in a convenient location near your
computer.
2. Make sure both the computer and printer are turned off.
3. Disconnect the external diskette drive, if connected.
4.
5-4
Connect the printer cable to the PRINTER port.
Connecting Optional Devices
5.
If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them by hand
or with a screwdriver.
6.
Connect the other end of the cable to the printer. If the
printer interface has retaining clips, squeeze them gently
until they snap into place.
7.
Connect the printer’s power cable to a grounded (earthed)
electrical socket.
8.
Now run SETUP as described in Chapter 2 to set the
Parallel option to Ext printer.
Connecting a Serial Device
You can use the COM 1 port to connect serial devices such as a
serial printer or plotter. You could also connect a modem or
mouse.
Follow these steps to connect a serial device:
1. Make sure both the computer and the serial device are off.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-5
2. Connect the serial cable to the COM 1 port.
3. If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them.
4. Connect the other end of the cable to the serial device.
5. If the serial device has a power cable, connect it to a
grounded (earthed) electrical socket.
Check the documentation that came with your serial device to
see if any other steps are necessary.
5-6
Connecting Optional Devices
Checking the Serial Port Settings
The COM 1 port is capable of sending and receiving data at a
variety of speeds and with many different protocols. This
means you need to configure the port to match the signals of
the serial device. As a general rule, choose the highest speed
(baud rate) and the protocol that provides the best error
detection.
Check the documentation that came with your serial device to
see if you need to adjust any of its settings.
Note
If your application program cannot send printer output
directly to the serial port, you can use the MS-DOS MODE
command to redirect the output. You can even tell the
computer to redirect printer and serial port settings
automatically if you place the appropriate MODE
commands in your AUTOEXEC.BAT file. See your MS-DOS
manual for instructions.
Using the EXT KB Port
You can use the EXT KB port to connect a variety of
PS/2-compatible pointing devices, including an external
keyboard or keypad. You can also connect the mouse adapter
to this port and then connect a PS/2 mouse or other pointing
device. The adapter has two ports, which allow you to connect
both a pointing device and an external keyboard at the same
time. Connect each device as described in the following
sections.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-7
Note
If you are using an external diskette drive, use the 6-pin port
on the back of its connector cable to connect a PS/2 device.
Connecting an External Keyboard or Keypad
If you are typing text or entering numbers for extended periods
of time, you may want to connect an optional external
keyboard or keypad. You connect either of these devices
directly to the EXT KB port on the computer, as shown below.
5-8
Connecting Optional Devices
If an external diskette drive is connected to the computer, plug
the keyboard connector into the 6-pin port on the back of the
drive connector cable, as shown below.
Connecting a Mouse or Other Pointing Device
You can connect a PS/2-type mouse or other pointing device to
your computer using the special adapter included with your
system. Follow these steps:
1. Connect the adapter to the EXT KB port.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-9
If an external diskette drive is connected to the computer,
connect the adapter to the 6-pin port on the back of the
drive’s connector cable, as shown below.
2.
5-10
Connect the pointing device plug to the lower connector on
the adapter.
Connecting Optional Devices
Note
You can also connect an external keyboard to the second
port on the adapter. However, note that connecting several
devices will quickly drain the battery, so you may want to
use the AC adapter to power the computer if you connect
more than one device.
before you can use the mouse or other pointing device with
your applications, you may need to install the special software
driver that came with it. See the documentation supplied with
the device for instructions.
Installing a Memory Module or a Numeric
Coprocessor
The sections below describe how to add a memory module to
your computer and install a numeric coprocessor. To access the
sockets for these options, you need to remove the access cover
on the bottom of the computer.
Removing the Access Cover
To remove the access cover, follow these steps:
1. Make sure the computer is turned off.
2. Disconnect all cables from the ports and connectors on the
back of the computer.
3. Close the screen and turn the computer upside down with the
front facing you.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-11
4. Insert a small flathead screwdriver in the notch on top of the
cover to release it from the case. Then lift it off and set it
aside in a safe place.
Installing a Memory Module
Your computer comes with 2MB of memory soldered directly
onto the system board. You can increase your memory up to a
maximum of 8MB by installing a 2MB or 6MB memory module.
Note
If your system came with a 2MB memory module already
installed, and you want to increase the memory to 8MB, you
need to remove the 2MB module and replace it with a 6MB
module.
5-12
Connecting Optional Devices
Follow these steps to install a memory module:
1. Remove the access cover as described on page 5-11.
2. If there is no memory module installed, go to step 4.
If a memory module is installed (as shown below) and you
need to remove it, go to step 3.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-13
3. Gently disconnect the module from its socket by sliding it
toward the front of the computer, as shown below. Then lift
the memory module out of the computer and store it safely
in case you need to use it again.
4.
5-14
Lower the new memory module straight down into the
computer with the chip side up. Align its connector with
the socket on the system board.
Connecting Optional Devices
5. Carefully slide the module connector straight into the socket,
as shown below. The connector pins and socket are
designed so they fit together only if you have aligned them
correctly; so do not force them. If you have trouble, remove
the module and try again.
6. Replace the access cover as described on page 5-17.
After you reassemble your computer, you need to run the
SETUP program to make sure it recognizes the new amount of
memory. As soon as you turn on the computer, it will prompt
you to run SETUP because of the memory mismatch. See
Chapter 2 for instructions.
If you later remove or change the memory module, be sure to
run the SETUP program again.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-15
Installing a Numeric Coprocessor
Your computer has a socket for a numeric (math) coprocessor.
You can install either a Cyrix Cx387SLC or an Intel 387SX/SL
multifrequency coprocessor. Installing a numeric coprocessor
speeds up your computer’s numeric calculations and graphic
displays when you are using certain application software.
The coprocessor chip can be easily damaged and is expensive to
replace; so if you don’t feel confident about installing it
yourself, ask your Authorized Epson Servicer for assistance.
To install the coprocessor, follow these steps:
1. Remove the access cover as described on page 5-11.
2. Place the coprocessor onto the socket so that the round
indentation indicating pin 1 is in the upper right comer.
Then press it down firmly.
5-16
Connecting Optional Devices
3. Replace the access cover as described in the next section.
The computer automatically detects the coprocessor. When you
turn on the computer, the system configuration screen shows
that a numeric coprocessor is present.
Replacing the Access Cover
After installing a memory module or numeric coprocessor, you
must replace the access cover. Follow these steps:
1. Turn the computer upside down with the front facing you.
2. Replace the access cover as shown below. Gently press down
on it until you feet it snap into place.
3. Turn the computer right side up.
4. Connect any external devices you are using.
Connecting Optional Devices
5-17
Chapter 6
Using the VGA Utilities
The Reference diskette included with your system contains
special VGA (video graphics array) drivers and utilities for
your computer’s built-in VGA adapter. This chapter describes
how to install and use these drivers and utilities.
Note
You need to install these drivers only if you plan to use an
external VGA or SVGA monitor. Your LCD screen, which
provides a VGA resolution of 640 x 480 with 64 shades of
gray, does not require a driver.
Because software programs can run on different types of
display adapters with different types of monitors, the VGA
drivers identify your display adapter and monitor for the
software. These drivers are files your software uses to
communicate with your display adapter and monitor.
A utility is a program that supports the processes of a
computer. The utilities on your VGA diskette allow you to
change the system’s default graphic configuration and enhance
your system operation by setting various video modes.
The ActionNote’s built-in VGA adapter is 100% compatible
®
with IBM VGA. This adapter allows you to use the computer
with Epson VGA monitors, other brands of VGA monitors, and
VGA-compatible, multifrequency monitors that use analog
input. The drivers and utilities described in this chapter work
with any of these monitors.
Using the VGA Utilities
6-1
Standard VGA monitors display resolutions up to 640 x 480,
and you do not need to install the drivers for your monitor to
operate properly with your application programs at this
resolution. However, the display drivers provide unproved
resolution for each application supported.
The following table lists the applications for which high
resolution VGA drivers are provided, as well as the supported
text modes or graphics resolutions and colors for each
application. (For additional driver support, call the Epson
Connection.)
Supported applications
Application
supported
resolutions
Lotus 1-2-3®, version 2.x
100 x 60 text
Microsoft Windows, version 3.0
640 x 480
800 x 600
16
16
WordPerfect, version 5.1
800 x 600
16
Supported
colors
Note
These drivers and utilities are designed for systems running
MS-DOS. If you are using another operating system, see the
documentation that came with it for information about the
VGA drivers you can use.
If you are displaying data simultaneously on both the LCD and
an external monitor, the screens will default to a resolution of
640 x 480 regardless of what drivers are loaded. (This is because
the LCD supports 640 x 480 only.) To display in a resolution of
800 x 600, make sure you are displaying on the external
monitor only.
You can control where data is displayed using the VGACONF
utility described later in this chapter.
6-2
Using the VGA Utilities
Lotus 1-2-3, Version 2.x
The Lotus display driver supports text mode operations for
Lotus 1-2-3, version 2.x, at a resolution of 100 x 60. To install the
driver, follow these steps:
1. Log onto the Lotus directory on your hard disk that contains
the Lotus INSTALL files.
2.
Insert the Reference diskette into drive A (the external
diskette drive).
3.
Copy the Lotus driver from the Reference diskette to this
directory. At the command prompt, type the following and
press
COPY A:\LOTUS\L100X60.DRV
4.
Type INSTALL and press
program.
to run the Lotus installation
5.
From the main menu, select Advanced options and
press
6.
Then select Add new drivers to libraryand
press
7.
When the program finishes adding drivers to the library,
select Modify current driver set and press
8.
Select Text display to modify the text mode and
press
9.
Select the following display and text mode:
VGA (100 x 60)
10. Select Return to menu and press
Using the VGA Utilities
6-3
11. At the installation menu, select Save changes.
12. At the prompt, enter a name that identifies this driver; it’s
a good idea to include the driver’s resolution, 100 x 60. The
default driver name assigned by the program is 123.SET.
13. Exit the Lotus Install program.
To start Lotus with the new driver resolution, you include the
name of the driver when you load the program. For example, if
you named your driver 100X60.SET, you would type the
following and press
123 100X60
Microsoft Windows, Version 3.0
The Microsoft Windows driver supports a resolution of
800 x 600 with 16 colors.
Note
Even though this driver specific to Windows 3.0, you can
use it with Windows version 3.1. Check with the Epson
Connection for the availability the Windows 3.1 driver.
To install the driver, follow these steps:
1. Log onto the Windows directory on your hard disk.
2. At the command prompt, type SETUP and press
3. At the System information screen, select Display and
press
6-4
Using the VGA Utilities
4. From the Display menu, select Other (Requires disk
provided by a hardware manufacturer) and
press
5. The program prompts you to insert your display driver
diskette into drive A. Insert the Reference diskette into the
external diskette drive.
6. Type WIN3 as the pathname and press
The program
displays a list of drivers and their associated resolutions.
For example:
Cirrus Logic VGA 800x600 (16 colors)
7. Select the display driver you want and press
8.
Remove the Reference diskette from drive A.
9. Complete the Windows Setup.
WordPerfect, Version 5.1
The WordPerfect driver supports high resolution text and
graphics. WordPerfect allows text and graphics drivers to be
set up separately, so be sure to install both of these drivers.
Follows these steps:
1. Insert the Reference diskette into the external diskette drive.
2. Log onto the WordPerfect directory on your hard disk. This
directory is normally called WP51.
3. Copy the WordPerfect driver from the Reference diskette to
this directory. At the command prompt, type the following
and press
COPY A:\WP\CIRRUS.VRS
Using the VGA Utilities
6-5
4. Start WordPerfect.
5.
TO display the Setup menu, press
6.
Select Display by typing 2.
7.
If you are installing the driver for text mode, select Text
Screen Type. If you are installing the driver forgraphics
mode, select Graphics Screen Type.
8.
Move the cursor until Cirrus Logic VGA appears on the
list, and choose SELECT. The program displays a list of all
the resolutions supported by the Cirrus Logic text driver.
9.
Select the desired resolution.
10. Press
to exit. Your selection is saved and used for
displaying text and the print preview and graphics
functions of WordPerfect.
Using the VGACONF Utility Program
The Reference diskette includes one utility program,
VGACONF, which is located in the UTILS directory. This utility
allows you to change your system’s default graphic
configuration.
Note
You may want to copy this program to a directory on your
hard disk for convenience; if so, log onto that directory
before running the program.
I
Follow these steps to run VGACONF:
1. Log onto the directory that contains the VGACONF.EXE file.
This is either A:\UTILS or a directory on your hard disk.
6-6 Using the VGA Utilities
2. Type VGACONF and press
You see this main menu:
MAIN MENU
Display Statue
Select option
Standby Timer
Quit
3.
Use
you want and press
below.
Display current user options
Select user option
Standby timer control
Quit and return to DOS
or
to highlight the selection
Then see the appropriate section
Display Status
The Display Status option displays the current VGACONF
settings. For example:
Display Status
Reverse video is set to enable text and disable graphics
Bold font is disabled
Contrast enhancement is set to automap
Expanded mode is enabled
Vertical position is set to center unexpanded mode
Display type is set to panel
16 bit ram access is enabled
Font load is inhibited
Full height cursor is disabled
RGB weighting is set to 5:9:2
Timer is set to disable power saver mode
Press any key to return to the main menu.
Using the VGA Utilities
6-7
Select Option
S e l e c t Option allows you to change the current settings.
You see this screen:
Highlight the option you want to change and press
You see a submenu of the available selections. Use
or
to highlight the desired setting and
press
to return to the SELECT OPTION menu.
Some options are designed for a specific display mode: CRT,
SimulSCAN, or panel. CRT mode refers to a VGA monitor
connected to the VIDEO port; SimulSCAN refers to both the LCD
screen and a VGA monitor; panel refers to the LCD screen on
your computer. The following table shows the display modes
available for each option.
6-8
Using the VGA Utilities
VGACONF options and display modes
Option
Display mode
Reverse
SimulSCAN, panel
Bold
Panel
Contrast enhancement
Panel
Expand
SimulSCAN, panel
Vertical position
Panel
Display
CRT, SimulSCAN, panel
Bus width
CRT, SimulSCAN, panel
Inhibit font
CRT, SimulSCAN, panel
Cursor
Panel
Rgb
Panel
Standby Timer
Standby Timer allows you to set a timeout period for the
LCD display panel if the Display option is set to PANEL.
When you select Standby Timer your see this menu:
Select Timer to set a timeout period, or select Normal to
disable standby mode. When you select Timer, you see these
prompts:
Standby Time (minutes) :
Time-out on (K)eyboard activity or (M)emory
access (K/M) :
Using the VGA Utilities
6-9
Enter the number of minutes to wait before entering standby
mode and press
Then enter K or M to indicate the type of
activity. If you enter K, the LCD panel will enter standby mode
if there is no keyboard activity for the specified number of
minutes. If you enter M, the LCD panel will enter standby mode
if video memory is not accessed for the specified number of
minutes. Press
to initiate the timer.
The standby mode initiated by the VGACONF utility is exactly
the same as Suspend mode. You can reactivate the system at
any time by pressing the spacebar.
Quit
Select Quit to exit the VGACONF program and return to the
operating system prompt.
Using VGACONF from the Command fine
To quickly change one or more VGA configuration settings,
you can initiate VGACONF from the command line with
option parameters. At the command prompt, enter the
VGACONF command in the following format:
VGACONF [options]
In place of the options parameter, you enter one or more of the
option names listed in the following table. If you enter two or
more, separate the options with a space.
6-10
Using the VGA Utilities
VGACONF parameters
Option name
Description
I
-? or -H
Display the help screen
I
-S
Display status information
-N
Disable standby mode
-K=xx
Set standby timer for keyboard to xx minutes
-M=xx
Set standby timer for memory access to xx minutes
ETDG
Enable text and disable graphics reverse video mode
NOREVERSE
Disable text and graphics reverse video
REVERSE
Enable text and graphics reverse video
DTEG
Disable text and enable graphics reverse video
BOLD
Enable bold mode
NOBOLD
Disable bold mode
ATTREMUL
Disable Automap
NOATTREMUL
Enable Automap
BKGND
Enable background enhancement
FRGND
Enable foreground enhancement
BKFRGND
Enable background and foregound enhancement
EXPAND
Enable expand mode
NOEXPAND
Disable expand mode
CENTER
Center the display on the screen
TOP
Align the display on the top of the screen
BOTTOM
Align the display on the bottom of the screen
PANEL
Switch the display to the LCD
CRT
Switch me display to the CRT (monitor)
SIMUL
Use the LCD and the CRT simultaneously
16BlT
Enable 16-bit operations
N0 16BlT
Force 8-bit operations
Using the VGA Utilities
I
6-11
VGACONF parameters (continued)
Option name
Description
INHFONT
Inhibit font loading when switching display
NOI
Allow font loading when switching display
FULLHGT
Select full height cursor
NOFULLHGT
I Select normal cursor
W259
Select RGB weighting 2:5:9
W529
Select RGB weighting 5:2:9
W295
Select RGB weighting 2:9:5
W592
Select RGB weighting 5:9:2
W925
Select RGB weighting 9:2:5
W952
Select RGB weighting 9:5:2
You can abbreviate any of the VGACONF options by typing
only the first three characters of the option name. The following
examples show how to enter the VGACONF command with
the options parameters:
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
VGACONF
6-12
SIMUL
SIM
PANEL NOATTREMUL NOBOLD NOEXPAND
PAN NOA NOB NOE
-s
-M=4
Using the VGA Utilities
I
Appendix A
Troubleshooting
If you encounter a problem while using your computer, refer to
this appendix. It provides the following problem-solving
sections:
The computer won’t start
Battery problems
AC adapter problems
The LCD screen is blank
The external monitor screen is blank
The computer locks up
Password problems
Diskette problems
External diskette drive problems
Hard disk problems
Software problems
Printer problems
PC card problems
Mouse or pointing device problems
External keyboard problems
Memory module problems
Troubleshooting A-1
Numeric coprocessor problems
CMOS battery problems.
If the suggestions here do not solve the problem, perform the
steps below to identify your system and make a note of any
error messages your computer displays. Then contact your
Authorized Epson Servicer or call the Epson Connection at
1-800-922-8911.
Identifying Your System
When you request technical assistance, be ready to provide the
serial number of your computer, its ROM BIOS version
number, its configuration (including the types of disk drives
and options), and the names and version numbers of any
software programs you are using.
You can find the serial number on the underside of the
computer. If you are able to use your computer, follow these
steps to obtain information about your configuration, as well as
the version numbers of your system BIOS and MS-DOS:
1. Turn on your computer or press
to restart it.
2. As the computer performs its power-on diagnostics, it
displays the version number of your system BIOS as part of
the copyright information. Write down the number.
3. Write down any information about your setup shown on the
configuration screen that may help in identifying the
problem.
4. After the MS-DOS prompt appears, type VER and press
to display the MS-DOS version number. Write it down.
A-2 Troubleshooting
Error Messages
Your computer’s built-in memory (ROM) contains a series of
diagnostic programs, called power-on diagnostics, which your
computer runs automatically every time you turn it on. These
programs check internal devices such as ROM, RAM, the timer,
the keyboard controller, and the hard disk drive.
When the diagnostics test RAM, you see the total amount of
memory currently installed in your system. If the computer
finds an error, it displays an error message on the screen. Write
down the error message and give it to the person who is
helping you when you report the problem.
If the error is serious, the computer cancels further checking
and halts system initialization. The error message remains on
the screen and the computer locks up. If this happens, contact
your Authorized Epson Servicer as soon as possible to report
this information and the error message.
The Computer Won’t Start
If your computer does not start when you press the power
button, try the following:
1. Check the power light. If it is on, the computer is on and you
should follow the steps under “The LCD Screen is Blank”
later in this appendix. If the light is not on, go to step 2.
2. Press the power button to turn off the computer. If you are
using the battery pack, remove it and reinstall it. If you are
using the AC adapter, disconnect it and then reconnect it.
Then turn the power on again.
3. If the computer still does not start, the problem is probably
caused by the power source; see “Battery Problems” or
“AC Adapter Problems,” below.
Troubleshooting A-3
Battery Problems
If you have trouble running the computer from the battery,
follow the steps in this section to find the problem. (Be sure to
read Chapter 4 for complete information on the battery.)
1. Check the low battery light. If it is blinking, the battery is low
and you need to recharge it. See Chapter 4 for instructions.
2. If you think the battery is not providing any power, it may
not be installed properly. Try removing and reinstalling it
according to the instructions in Chapter 4.
3.
If you have a second battery that is fully charged, replace the
one in the computer with the charged one.
If you do not have a spare battery, you need to recharge the
one in the computer. If you have the AC adapter with you,
connect it to the computer to begin recharging the battery.
(The battery light on the AC adapter blinks to indicate it is
charging.) You can continue using the computer while the
battery is being recharged.
4. If you replace the battery and the computer does not work
properly, the new battery may not be fully charged. Use the
AC adapter to recharge this battery until it reaches its
maximum capacity.
5.
If the power light still does not come on, connect the AC
adapter to the computer and plug the adapter into an
electrical outlet. Turn on the computer and see if it works
using the AC adapter.
If the computer works using the AC adapter, you may need
to replace your battery with a new one.
If the computer does not work with the AC adapter, see
“AC Adapter Problems,” below.
A-4 Troubleshooting
6. If you have not used a battery in a long time (three months
or more), you may need to recharge it.
7. If you find that over time the battery is losing its charge in
less and less time, it may be reaching the end of its life. You
may need to replace it with a new battery.
AC Adapter Problems
If the computer does not work properly when the AC adapter
is connected, check the power light on the adapter. If it is on,
the AC adapter is working and supplying power to the
computer. If it is not on, follow these steps to find the problem:
1. Remove any diskette from the diskette drive and turn off the
computer. Disconnect the AC adapter and then reconnect it.
Then turn the computer back on. If the power light is still
off, go to step 2.
2. Check the connections: make sure the AC adapter cable is
securely connected to the computer and that the power
cable is properly connected to both the AC adapter and an
electrical outlet.
3. If the connections are good, then check the electrical outlet
to make sure it is supplying power. (For example, plug a
portable lamp into the socket and turn it on.) If the outlet is
working and the connections are secure, there may be
something wrong with your adapter.
Caution
Use only the AC adapter (model number AP-006) supplied
with the computer.
Troubleshooting A-5
The LCD Screen Is Blank
If the computer starts up but no image appears on the LCD
screen, follow these steps to solve the problem:
1. Use the brightness and contrast controls to adjust the screen
display.
2. To save power, you may have set a timeout period for the
system in the SETUP program. This turns off the screen
automatically after a specified period of time has elapsed
with no keyboard input. Press the spacebar to see if this
restores the display. (See Chapter 2 for information about
the Power Management options.)
3. The computer may just be in Suspend mode. Press the
spacebar to resume activity.
4. If you have connected an external monitor to your computer
and you are using it, you should not have any problem
displayin information on both screens at the same time.
Press
to toggle between simultaneous
display on both screens, the LCD only, or the monitor only.
5. If you are using the VGACONF utility, you may have selected
the CRT or Panel setting; check your VGACONF settings.
See Chapter 6 for details.
A-6 Troubleshooting
The External Monitor Screen is Blank
If you are using an external monitor and no image appears on
its screen, follow these steps to solve the problem:
1. Make sure the power switches on the computer and the
monitor are turned on.
2. Adjust the brightness and contrast of the monitor screen.
3. If your LCD screen is displaying information, you ma
have disabled the external monitor. Press
several times to toggle between simultaneous display on
both screens, the LCD only, or the monitor only. Also check
your VGACONF settings; see Chapter 6 for details.
4. Remove any diskette from the external diskette drive, and
turn off the computer and the monitor. Check that the
monitor’s power cable is securely connected to the monitor
and to an electrical outlet. Be sure the monitor cable is
properly connected to both the monitor and the computer.
Then turn both power switches back on.
5. If the monitor still does not work, turn off both the computer
and the monitor. Then check the electrical outlet for power.
Plug a portable lamp into the outlet and turn it on to see if
the outlet supplies power.
6. If the outlet works and an image still does not appear on
your monitor when you turn on the computer, contact your
Authorized Epson Servicer.
Troubleshooting A-7
The Computer Locks Up
If the computer locks up and does not respond to your
keyboard entries, try the following:
1. Wait a few minutes to see if the computer really is disabled.
Some operations take longer than others to perform. For
example, a spreadsheet program takes longer to recalculate
an entire spreadsheet than to record one figure. Also,
programs involving many calculations can take several
minutes to complete.
2. The computer may just be suspended. Press the spacebar to
resume activity.
3. You may be able to resume activity by cancelling the current
operation. Try pressing
or
4. If the computer remains locked up after you’ve waited
a reasonable amount of time, reset it by pressing
5. If resetting does not work, you probably need to turn off the
computer, wait five seconds, and turn it back on.
Password Problems
If you set a password using the SETUP program, you must
enter it at the times you selected in SETUP: either whenever
you start or reset the computer or whenever you start the
SETUP program. If you have trouble using your password, try
the following:
1. If you type thepassword but nothing happens, type it again
and press
If you type it wrong three times, the
to reset
computer locks up. Press
the computer and try again.
A-8 Troubleshooting
2. If you know the current password but you want to change it,
see Chapter 2 for instructions.
3. If you have forgotten your password, call the Epson
Connection for assistance.
Diskette Problems
If you have trouble accessing data on a diskette, follow these
steps to identify the problem:
1. Is the diskette properly inserted in the drive? Remove the
diskette from the drive and make sure it is inserted with the
label facing up.
2. If you think the external diskette drive may not be connected
properly or the computer does not seem to recognize the
drive, see “External Diskette Drive Problems” on the
following page.
3. Are you using the right type of diskette for your drive? The
external 3.5-inch drive can read either 720KB or 1.44MB
diskettes.
4. Is the diskette write-protected? If you want to copy to a
diskette, it must not be write-protected. If the write-protect
switch is set, first make sure the diskette does not contain
files you do not want to change or lose. Then move the
switch to remove the write protection. Ordinarily, it’s a
good idea to leave program diskettes write-protected, but
some programs don’t work properly using write-protected
diskettes.
5. Is the diskette formatted? A new diskette must be formatted
before you can store data on it. See your operating system
manual for instructions.
Troubleshooting A-9
6. Is the diskette damaged? Use your backup copy of the
diskette and repeat the operation that caused the problem.
If the operation works using the copy, the original diskette
is probably damaged. Discard it and use the copy.
If you need to save the files on the original diskette, try using
the MS-DOS COPY command to copy one file at a time.
7. Try formatting a blank diskette to determine if the diskette
drive is operating properly. If you cannot format a diskette,
see the following section.
External Diskette Drive Problems
If you are having problems with an external diskette drive,
check the following:
1. Is the external diskette drive connected properly? Remove
any diskette from the drive and turn off the computer.
Make sure the connector is inserted firmly into the EXT KB
and PRINTER port, and that the retaining screws are
tightened to secure the connection. See Chapter 1 for
instructions.
2. Are you using the Epson external diskette drive? Other drives
may not work with your system.
3. Is your computer set to recognize the external diskette drive?
Run SETUP as described in Chapter 2 to make sure the
Parallel option is set to 1.44MB, 3.5".
4.
If the drive does not seem to be working as it should, try
performing a similar operation with a diskette in another
computer’s drive, if you have access to one. The problem
may be with the diskette.
A-10 Troubleshooting
5. If the drive is making loud or unusual noises, stop the
current operation immediately. If the problem continues,
contact your Authorized Epson Servicer.
Hard Disk Problems
If you have problems with your hard disk drive, check the
following:
1. Check the hard disk drive light. If you enter commands
(such as COPY) to access the hard disk, the light should be
on when the computer accesses the drive. If the light is
blinking, there may be a problem with the hard disk.
Contact your Authorized Epson Servicer if this occurs.
2. If you have set a timeout for the hard disk in the SETUP
program and it has timed out, the hard disk drive requires
about 15 seconds to come back up to speed when you
access it again.
3. Make sure you have formatted the hard disk correctly for the
operating system you are using. See the instructions in your
operating system manual.
4. Make sure the hard disk drive is inserted correctly. See
Chapter 3 for instructions on removing and inserting the
hard disk drive.
5. If you still cannot identify the problem, contact your
Authorized Epson Servicer.
Troubleshooting A-11
Software Problems
If you are having trouble with an application program, try the
following solutions:
1. If the application program does not start, check that you are
following the correct procedure for starting the program,
and that it is installed correctly. If the program is stored in a
directory on the hard disk drive, make sure you are
working in or specifying the correct directory. If you are
using a program on a diskette, make sure you have inserted
the correct diskette in the drive.
2. Your computer can run at either High speed (33 MHz) or
Low speed (8 MHz). While almost all programs work
properly at the faster speed, some must run at the slower
speed. Check your software manual to see if this is the case,
and change the CPU speed if necessary. See “Changing the
CPU Speed” in Chapter 3 for instructions.
3. If you have entered an MS-DOS command that you want to
stop, there are special key commands you can use to tell
MS-DOS to stop what it is doing. These methods may also
work in your application programs:
Hold down
and press
Hold down
and press
4. An application program can occasionally lock up the
computer making it unresponsive to the keyboard. If
your computer does not respond when you type on the
keyboard, you can reset it. Press
to reset the computer.
5. If resetting the computer doesn’t help, turn off your system,
wait five seconds, and then turn it back on. Then you can
restart your application program.
A-12 Troubleshooting
6. If none of these solutions solves your software problem,
contact the software manufacturer for technical support.
Printer Problems
You can solve most printer problems by following the
instructions in your printer manual. Be sure to check that the
printer has power and is correctly connected to the computer.
See Chapter 5 for instructions on connecting a printer. (The
printer manual also gives instructions on cable connections.)
If you have a parallel printer connected to the PRINTER port,
make sure the Parallel option in SETUP is set to Ext
printer.
If you have a serial printer or if you have problems feeding
paper, check the printer manual for the correct DIP switch
settings. If you are using MS-DOS, refer to your printer
documentation to see whether you need to use the MODE
command (described in the MS-DOS manual) to match the
serial settings.
PC Card Problems
If you inserted a PC card in the PC card slot and you cannot
access data on the card, follow these steps to solve the problem:
1. Make sure the card is the right type for your system. The
ActionNote accepts Type I and Type II cards that conform
to PCMCIA version 2.0.
2. Is the PC card inserted properly in the slot? Press the release
button to remove the card; then try inserting it again. (Most
cards have a label indicating which side goes up.) When the
card is inserted correctly, the PC card light goes on. See
Chapter 3 for instructions.
Troubleshooting A-13
3. Is the card formatted? Some PC cards must be formatted
before you can use them. See the documentation that came
with the card for instructions.
4. Did you install the PC card driver from your Reference
diskette? See the file named PCREADME.TXT on your
Reference diskette for instructions.
5. Did you install any socket services software or card services
software that came with the card? See the documentation
included with your card for instructions.
6. If none of these solutions solves your PC card problem,
contact the card manufacturer or call the Epson Connection
for assistance.
Mouse or Pointing Device Problems
If you installed a mouse or other PS/2 compatible pointing
device and it doesn’t work properly, try these solutions:
1. Is the mouse or pointing device connected properly? Make
sure you connected it to the adapter as described in
chapter 5.
2. Did you install any necessary drivers and load them into
your computer’s memory? See the documentation that
came with your device for instructions.
3. Did you run SETUP to disable the built-in trackball? See
Chapter 2 for instructions.
4.
If you are still having trouble, check the documentation that
came with the device for troubleshooting information or
contact the manufacturer for assistance.
A-14 Troubleshooting
External Keyboard Problems
1. Make sure the external keyboard is firmly connected to the
correct port. You can connect it to the EXT KB port, the
keyboard port on the adapter, or the 6-pin connector on the
back of the external hard disk drive. See Chapter 5 for
instructions.
2. If you think there is something wrong with the keyboard,
consult the dealer from whom you purchased it, or call the
Epson Connection for assistance.
Memory Module Problems
If you have added extra memory to your system and that
memory is not operating properly, check the following:
1. See if the SETUP program is displaying the correct amount
of memory. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
2. Did you insert the memory module correctly? See “Installing
a Memory Module” in Chapter 5.
3. Have you defined the memory properly in your
CONFIG.SYS file? See “Using Memory” in Chapter 3 and
your operating system manual for more information.
Troubleshooting A-15
Numeric Coprocessor Problems
If you have installed a numeric coprocessor but it doesn’t seem
to be operating properly, check the documentation that came
with it for troubleshooting information and for any diagnostic
procedures you can perform. Contact your Authorized Epson
Servicer or call the Epson Connection if you cannot solve the
problem.
CMOS Battery Problems
The Dallas® clock chip in your computer preserves the contents
of CMOS RAM even when the power is off. This battery should
last more than a year before you need to replace it. When this
battery’s life is exhausted, you see a message similar to the
following:
CMOS battery has failed
Contact your Authorized Epson Servicer to install a new
battery for you or call the Epson Connection for referral
information.
A-16 Troubleshooting
Appendix B
Specifications
This appendix lists the computer’s specifications. It also
includes the specifications for international power cables.
Main Unit
CPU
486SLC microprocessor; 33 MHz (and
simulated 8 MHz) clock speed; 1 MHz in
Suspend mode
System
memory
2MB of DRAM soldered on main system
board, expandable to 4MB or 8MB using a
memory module; the first 640KB is
conventional memory and 128KB is used
for shadow RAM; the rest can be used as
extended or expanded memory
ROM BIOS
128KB on a single one-time programmable
ROM (includes system BIOS, VGA BIOS,
and the SETUP program)
Video RAM
256KB, 80ns video memory on main
system board; 256KB x 4 frame buffer
Shadow RAM
Shadowing of system and VGA BIOS,
128KB (at E0000 to FFFFF)
Clock/
calendar
Real-time clock, calendar, and CMOS
RAM for configuration; backed up by
built-in Dallas clock chip (DS 1287)
Numeric
coprocessor
Socket for optional Cyrix Cx387SLC or
Intel 387SX/SL multifrequency numeric
coprocessor
Specifications B-1
Controllers
Diskette drive
Built-in controller for one external 3.5-inch,
1.44MB diskette drive; supports 1.44MB
and 720KB diskette formats
Hard disk
Built-in controller for removable internal
hard disk drive
Video
Cirrus GD6410B 16-bit VGA controller
fully backward compatible with CGA and
EGA; supports standard monochrome
LCD with maximum resolution of
640 x 480 with 64 gray scales, and
external monitor with resolutions up to
800 x 600 x 16 colors; simultaneous LCD
and CRT operation
PCMCIA
Databook DB86082 PCMCIA version 2.0
controller; Type II connector; supports
Type I and Type II memory and I/O cards
Speaker
Built-in ISA compatible speaker controller;
internal
®
Interfaces
External VGA
15-pin, D-sub, female connector for
external analog VGA or SVGA monitor
Parallel
Centronics-compatible; 25-pin, D-sub,
female connector; standard g-bit parallel
Serial
RS-232C, programmable, asynchronous,
9-pin, D-sub, male connector
B-2 Specifications
Pointing
device or
external
keyboard
6-pin, mini-DIN connector for a PS/2-type
pointing device or keyboard; keyboard
supported directly, pointing device
requires adapter
AC adapter
DC input port for external AC adapter;
4-pin, mini-DIN connector
Input Devices
Trackball
Built-in, two-button trackball
Keyboard
79/80 (US) keys; embedded numeric
keypad and
and
keys;
inverted T cursor control key layout
Mass Storage
Hard disk drive
One removable 2½-inch internal hard disk
drive
Diskette drive
Optional external, 3.5-inch diskette drive;
supports 1.44MB and 720KB diskette
formats
Monochrome
VGA LCD
640x480 dots x 64 shades of gray, 0.23 nun,
high-contrast, two-film; paper-white,
backlit by one cooled cathode fluorescent
tube (CCFT); continuous brightness and
contrast controls; power-saving feature;
brightness and contrast enhancement;
contrast ratio 18:l
Specifications B-3
Power Supply
AC adapter
+12VDC (to computer), +l6VDC (to
battery charger) 2.4A continuous AC
adapter with international voltage input,
47/63 Hz
Battery
Removable and rechargeable, internal
AE-size NiCad battery pack; 9-cell,
9.6 volt, 1.7AH, 16.3W; minimum
2½ hours battery life typical
Caution
Use only the ActionNote AC adapter (model number
AP-006) and battery (model number A880632).
Physical Dimensions
Height
38 mm (1.5 in.)
Width
252 mm (10.0 in.)
Depth
190 mm (7.6 in.)
Weight (with
battery and
hard disk drive
installed)
1.75 kg (3.85 lb)
B-4 Specifications
Environmental Requirements
Temperature
Operating: 5° to 40° C
(41° to 104° F)
Non-operating: -20° to 60° C
(-4° to 140° F)
Humidity
Operating: 30% to 90%
(non-condensing)
Non-operating: 5% to 95%
(non-condensing)
Acoustical
no&e
-35dB @ 1 meter
Altitude
Operating: -61 to 3048 m
(-200 to 10,000 feet)
Non-operating: -261 to 9,090 m
(-200 to 30,000 feet)
Caution
When travelling by airplane, bring your computer into the
passenger compartment as carry-on luggage to prevent it
from being stored in an unpressurized storage area.
Specifications B-5
Power Source Requirements
120 Volt power source requirements
AC plug
Plug type
Reference
standards
North America ANSI C73.11
NEMA 5-15-P
125V.10A
IEC 83
Power cord
UL/CSA Listed
Type SJT
no. 18/3AWG.
or
no. 16/3AWG or
<HAR>
3OOV. 10A or 13A
240 Volt power source requirements
AC plug
B-6 Specifications
Plug type
Reference
standards
Power cord
Europe
24OV. 10A to
16A
CEE 7/7
IEC 83
IEC 127
HD 21
<HAR>
1.OOmm 2
300V.10A
UK
24OV. 10A
BS 1362
BS 1363A
IEC 83
IEC 127
HD 21
EN 60 320-1
ASTA mark
<HAR>
1.OOmm 2
300V. 10A
Australia
24OV. 10A
ASC112
IEC 127
HD 21
<HAR>
1.OOmm 2
3OOV. 10A
North America
24OV. 15A
ANSI C73.20
NEMA 6-15-P
IEC 83
UL 198.6
UL/CSA Listed
Type SJT
No. 18/3AWG
3OOV. 10A
I
Glossary
387SX/SL
A special-purpose CMOS integrated circuit used to assist the
microprocessor chip and speed up certain kinds of mathematical
calculations and graphics displays. The computer has a socket to
accommodate either a Cyrix Cx387SLC or an Intel 387SX/SL
multifrequency numeric coprocessor.
486SLC
A CMOS process technology integrated circuit; the central processing
unit (CPU) of your computer.
AC adapter
The device that converts AC voltage from a wall outlet into the proper
DC voltage to power your computer. The AC adapter also charges the
battery pack while it is in the computer.
Address
A number or name that identifies the location of each piece of
information in the computer’s memory.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standard
system for encoding text characters, such as letters, numbers, and
symbols. An ASCII character occupies one byte of storage. Many
different computers, printers, and programs can use files stored in
ASCII code.
AUTOEXEC.BAT file
A batch file that MS-DOS executes automatically each time you turn
on or reset the computer. See also Batch file.
Glossay 1
Backlighting (or backlit)
The internal fluorescent illumination of the computer’s LCD screen.
LCD screens that are not backlit are difficult to see without an external
source of light.
Batch file
A type of file that allows you to execute a series of MS-DOS
commands by typing one command. Batch files are text files with the
filename extension,.BAT. In a batch file, each command is entered on
a separate line. When you type the filename, MS-DOS executes each
command in the file in sequence. See also AUTOEXEC.BAT file.
Baud rate
A measure of data transmission speed. Usually equivalent to bits per
second.
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System. Routines in ROM that handle the basic
input/output functions of the operating system. For example, the
SETUP program is contained in the computer’s ROM BIOS.
Chip
A hardware component of your system (formally known as an
integrated circuit). Examples of chips include memory chips and the
microprocessor.
Clock speed
See CPU speed.
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor. A type of low power,
integrated circuit (chip).
2 Glossary
CMOS RAM
A special type of low-power memory that records information about
your system configuration. Unlike ordinary RAM, CMOS RAM is
backed up by a battery and is not erased when you turn off the
computer.
Command prompt
The characters the operating system displays to indicate it is loaded
and ready to receive instructions. The MS-DOS command prompt
usually displays the current drive and directory with a greater-than
symbol (A : \ > or C : \ >, for example).
CONFIG.SYS file
A special system file that MS-DOS executes each time you turn on or
reset the computer. You use this file to customize your system by
installing device drivers, setting limits for files and buffers, and
specifying MS-DOS commands to be run during startup.
Configuration
The particular arrangement of the hardware components installed in
or attached to your computer. For example, your configuration might
include a hard disk, a printer, and a PC modem card.
Control code
A command (generated by holding down
and pressing another
key on the keyboard) that instructs the computer to perform a specific
function.
Controller
A hardware component of your computer that manages the operation
of the display, hard disk, or diskette drive.
Coprocessor
An optional integrated circuit (chip) that assists the CPU in
performing certain numeric calculations faster. See also 387SX/SL.
Glossary 3
Copy-protected program
A type of program that cannot be copied. Some copy-protected
programs require you to leave the program diskette in the diskette
drive while you use them. Some also require the computer to be
running at low speed instead of high speed.
CPU
Central Processing Unit. The integrated circuit (chip) responsible for
integrating program instructions, performing calculations, and
controlling all input and output operations.
CPU speed
The speed at which the CPU can execute commands. Your system can
run at 33 MHz (High) or 8 MHz (Low). In Suspend mode, the CPU
automatically runs at 1 MHZ. Also called clock speed, execution
speed, or operating speed.
Cursor
The highlighted marker that shows your position on the screen and
moves as you enter and delete data.
Default
A value or setting that takes effect when you turn on or reset the
computer. Also, the response to a command that the system uses
unless you provide a different response.
Device
A piece of equipment that is part of a computer system and performs
a specific task, such as your hard disk, diskette drive, or printer.
Device driver
See Driver.
4 Glossary
Diagnostics
The tests and procedures the computer performs to check its internal
circuitry and set up its configuration.
DIP switch
Dual In-line Package switch. A small switch on a piece of hardware,
such as a printer, that controls a particular function.
Directory
A group of files stored in a particular area on a disk; part of a
structure for organizing files into groups.
Disk
A general term meaning either a diskette or a hard disk. See also
Diskette and Hard disk.
Diskette
A flat piece of flexible plastic coated with magnetic material and used
to store data. Also called a floppy disk.
Diskette drive
The physical device that enables the computer to read from and write
to a diskette. Your system supports a 3.5-inch external diskette drive.
Double-density
A type of diskette format. A 3.5-inch, doubledensity diskette has a
capacity of 720KB.
Driver
A program that controls a specific piece of equipment in the system.
Examples of drivers include expanded memory managers, VGA
display drivers, printer drivers, and mouse drivers.
Glossary 5
Embedded numeric keypad
See Numeric keypad.
FDD
Floppy disk drive. See Diskette drive.
File
A group of related pieces of information (sometimes called records or
entries) stored together on a disk. Text files consist of words and
sentences. Program files consist of codes, which computers use to
perform instructions.
Floppy disk
See Diskette.
Fn
A key provided on the computer’s keyboard to access alternate key
functions for the embedded numeric keypad, the
and
keys, and the Suspend mode.
Format
To prepare a new disk (or erase an old one) so that it can store
information. Formatting a disk divides it into tracks and sectors and
creates addressable locations on it.
Frame buffer
The portion of the computer’s display memory that holds the contents
of a single Screen image. The VGA controller on the ActionNote
enables simultaneous dual Scan on the LCD screen and an external
monitor.
Graphics
Lines, angles, curves, and other non-alphanumeric data.
6 Glossary
Hard disk
A sealed mass storage device you use to store large amounts of data.
HDD
Hard disk drive. See Hard disk
High-density
A type of diskette format. A 3.5-inch, high-density diskette has a
capacity of 1.44MB.
Input/Output (I/O) port
See Port.
lntegrated circuit
See Chip.
Interface
A hardware or software connection used to transmit data between
equipment or programs.
KB
Kilobyte. A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s
memory or on a disk. One kilobyte equals 1,024 bytes.
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display. A thin, backlit panel containing thousands of
pixels that can be turned on and off individually by electric currents.
Used as the main display on most portable computers.
LIM EMS 4.0
Lot-us/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Specification version 4.
A standard that enables certain applications to use more than 640KB
of memory.
Glossary 7
Main memory
The amount of memory in the computer below 1MB that is available
to your operating system and application programs-usually 640KB.
Also called base or conventional memory.
Math coprocessor
See Coprocessor.
MB
Megabyte. A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s
memory or on a disk. One megabyte equals 1,048,576 bytes or 1024KB.
Memory
The area where the computer stores data. Memory contents may be
permanent (ROM) or temporary (RAM). See also ROM and RAM.
Memory module
An optional card that adds 2MB or 6MB of extended memory to your
computer.
Memory-resident program
A program that remains in RAM so you can access it while another
program is running.
MHz
Megahertz. A unit used to measure the oscillation frequency of a
computer’s internal timing clock. One megahertz is one million cycles
per second.
Microprocessor
A CPU chip, such as the 486SLC. See CPU.
8 Glossary
Modem
MOdulator/DEModulator. A serial device that allows the computer to
send and receive data over the telephone lines. Your computer
supports PCMCIA Type II modem cards.
MS-DOS
A common operating system for IBM-compatible computers
developed by Microsoft. See also Operating system.
NiCad
Nickel-Cadmium. The type of battery used by your notebook
computer.
Numeric coprocessor
See Coprocessor.
Numeric keypad
The embedded numeric keypad in the keyboard, which you can
activate by pressing the
key.
Operating speed
See CPU speed.
Operating system
A collection of programs (for example, MS-DOS) that control the
operation of a computer. The operating system determines how
programs run on the computer and supervises all input and output.
See also MS-DOS.
Parallel
A way of organizing communications between two pieces of
computer equipment, in which the signals that make up each
character are sent simultaneously. See also Serial.
Glossary 9
Parameter
A qualifier added to a command that tells the computer how to
perform the command (such as what data file to use or what
particular conditions to expect). For example, in the command
FORMAT A I, the A : parameter tells the computer to format the
diskette in drive A. See also Stitch.
Partition
The area defined on a hard disk to run an operating system. Also, to
divide a hard disk into separate logical drives.
Pathname
The list of directories MS-DOS must search through to locate a file. For
example, the pathname for a file named CONTRACT.TXT in the
BUSINESS subdirectory is \BUSINESS\CONTRACT.TXT.
PC card
These credit card-sized products provide a universal expansion
capability across PC platforms. PC cards can emulate a storage device
such as a hard disk, provide a fax/modem, or serve as a LAN adapter.
Your system includes a PCMCIA Version 2.0 PC card slot which
accepts Type I or Type II cards (up to 5 mm thick). See also PCMCIA.
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association. This
organization sets the technical standard of interchangeability for
68-pin PC cards among a variety of computer and other electronic
products. Cards meeting the PCMCIA standard can be exchanged
freely among several devices. See also PC card.
Text
An input/output connection on a computer to which you can attach a
peripheral device.
10 Glossary
Power-on diagnostics
A set of testing routines the computer performs automatically each
time you turn it on.
Program
A file that contains coded instructions telling the computer what to do
and how to do it.
Prompt
A message on the screen that requests information or tells you the
action you need to perform next See also Command prompt.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the computer’s memory that
runs programs and temporarily stores data while you work. All data
stored in RAM is temporarily maintained while the computer is in
Suspend mode, but erased when you turn off the computer. You must
save any data you want to keep on a diskette or hard disk. See also
ROM
Read
To copy data from one area to another. For example, when you open a
text file stored on disk, the computer reads the data from the disk and
displays it on the screen.
Read/write head
The physical device inside a disk drive that reads and records data on
the magnetic surface of a disk.
Real-time clock
A battery-powered clock in the computer that keeps track of the
current time and date even when the computer’s power is off.
Glossary 11
Reset
To reload a computer’s operating system so you can retry a task or
begin using a different operating system. Resetting erases any
information stored in RAM.
ROM
Read Only Memory. The portion of the computer’s memory that
contains permanent instructions and cannot be modified. Unlike
RAM, ROM retains its contents even after you turn off the computer.
See also RAM.
ROM BIOS
See BIOS.
Root directory
The top-level MS-DOS directory on a diskette or hard disk. The root
directory is designated by a backslash (\). All other directories are
subdirectories of the root directory, or of other subdirectories.
RS-232C
A standard serial interface. Your computer has a connector that lets
you attach an RS-232C compatible device to your computer.
serial
A way of organizing communications between two pieces of
computer equipment, in which the signals that make up each
character are sent sequentially. See also Parallel.
SETUP
The program you run to define the configuration settings and
power management options of your computer.
Shadow RAM
The function that copies the system video ROM into RAM to speed up
processing.
12 Glossary
Subdirectory
A disk directory that branches down from another directory or from
the root directory.
Suspend mode
The power-saving mode our computer enters after you close the
or when it detects a standby timeout
screen, press
period specified in the SETUP program.
Switch
An option you can add to a command that modifies the way the
command works. Switches are usually preceded by a / (forward
slash). For example, if you add the /S switch to the FORMAT
command, MS-DOS installs the operating system on a diskette as it
formats it. See also Parameter.
System disk
A disk containing one of the operating systems used by your
computer.
Timeout period
An amount of time you can specify using the SETUP program or
VGACONF utility; if the hard disk or system is not accessed for the
specified amount of time, the computer enters Suspend mode.
Utility program
A type of program designed to allow you to change computer settings
and perform useful applications
VGA
Video Graphics Array. A type of high-resolution display adapter.
Your computer’s VGA adapter can display resolutions up to 640 x 480
on the LCD screen and 800 x 600 on an external VGA monitor.
Glossary 13
Write
To record data on a disk.
Write-protect
To prevent a diskette from being overwritten. When a diskette is
write-protected, you cannot erase, change, or record over its contents.
14 Glossary
Index
A
AC adapter,
connecting, 1-8-9, 1-11
lights, 1-9
low battery, 4-2, 4-6
part number, 1-8, B-4
problems, A-5
recharging battery, 4-5-5
specifications, B-3-4
using, 1-8-9, 4-1
Access cover,
location, 1-4
removing, 5-11-12
replacing, 5-17
AC plugs, B-6
Acoustical noise, B-5
Adapter, mouse/keyboard,
1-7,5-7,5-9-11
Alt key, 3-5
Altitude, B-5
Application programs,
device drivers, 3-20, 5-11 ,6-1-12
problems, A-12-13
VGA drivers, 6-1-12
AUTOEXEC.BAT file, 5-7
B
Backing up hard disk, 3-17
Backspace key, 3-5
Backup copies, diskettes, 3-16
Basic input/output system, 2-1,
A-2, B-1
Battery,
disposal, 4-5
extra, 4-5
light, 1-5,4-2,4-6, A-4
part number, 4-2, B-4
problems, A-4-5
Battery (continued),
recharging, 4-4-5
removing, 4-2-4
replacing, 4-2-4
specifications, B-4
using, 4-2-6
Battery power, saving, 2-14, 3-19,
4-7-8, 6-9-10
Baud rate, serial port, 5-7
BIOS, 2-1, A-2, B-1
BIOS version number, A-2
Break key, 3-6
Brightness,
control, 3-12
switch, 1-4, 3-12
Built-in VGA adapter, 6-1-2
C
Caps Lock key, 3-5
Caps Lock light, 1-5
Card, PC see PC cards
Centronics-compatible printer, 2-5,
5-4-5
Charging battery, 4-4-5
Charging light, 1-9, 4-4
Clock/calendar, B-1
CMOS battery problems, A-16
CMOS RAM, 2-2, A-16
COM 1 port, 1-6-7,5-5-7, B-2
Command, stopping, 3-8
Computer,
care, 3-2
features, Intro-1
locks up, A-8
ports, 1-3-7,5-2
powering, 4-1-8
problems, A-1-16
resetting, 3-9
setting up, 1-1-12, 2-3
Index 1
Computer (continued),
turning off, 3-10
turning on, 1-11-12
using, 3-1-23
won’t start, A-3
CONFIG.SYS file, 3-20, A-5
Configuration, system, 1-12,2-1-16
Connecting,
D
Dallas clock chip, A-16, B-1
DC input port, 1-6-8
Delete key, 1-12, 3-3
Device drivers, 3-20, 5-11, 6-1-12
Diagnostics, power-on, 1-12
Dimensions, physical, B-4
Diskette drive, external,
connecting, 1-10-11
controller, B-2
enabling, 2-5
problems, 2-6, A-10-11
SETUP, 2-5
using, 3-14-15
Diskette(s),
backup copies, 3-16
choosing, 3-14
inserting, 3-14-15
problems, A-9-10
Reference, 3-16, 6-1
removing, 3-14-15
using, 3-14-17
write-protecting, 3-15
Display,
characteristics, 6-1
drivers, 6-1-12
key combinations, 3-7
modes, 6-9
specifications, B-2
status, VGACONF, 6-7
VGACONF utility, 6-6-12
Disposal, battery, 4-5
AC adapter, 1-8-9,1-11
external diskette drive, 1-11-12
external keyboard, 5-7-9,5-11
external keypad, 5-7-9
external monitor, 5-2-3
external mouse, 5-7,5-9-11
mouse/keyboard adapter, 1-7,5-7,
5-9-11
optional devices, 5-1-17
parallel printer, 5-4-5
pointing device, 5-7, 5-9-11
serial device, 5-5-7
Conserving battery power,
SETUP, 2-14,3-19,4-8
Suspend mode, 3-19, 4-7
VGACONF, 6-9-10
Contrast,
control, 3-12
switch, 1-4, 3-12
Controllers, B-2
Conventional memory, 3-22-23
Conventions, manual, Intro-4
Coprocessor, see Numeric
coprocessor
Copying Reference diskette, 3-16
CPU,
E
specifications, B-1
Embedded
numeric keypad, see
speed, changing, 3-11
Numeric keypad
Ctrl key commands, 3-8-11
EMM386.EXE memory manager,
Cursor control, 3-5
3-23
Cyrix coprocessor, 5-16, B-1
End key, 3-5
Enter key, 3-5
Environmental requirements, B-5
Epson Connection, Intro-2-3, A-24
2 Index
Error messages, power-on
diagnostics, 1-12, A-3
Esc key, 3-5
Expanded memory, 3-22-23
Expansion memory module, see
Memory module
EXT KB port, 1-6-7,5-7-9,5-11
Extended memory, 3-22-23
External diskette drive,
connecting, 1-11-12
enabling, 2-5
problems, 2-6, A-10-11
SETUP, 2-5
External keyboard,
connecting, 5-7-9, 5-11
controller, B-3
port, 1-6-7,5-7-9,5-11
problems, A-15
External keypad, 5-7-9
External monitor,
connecting, 5-2-3
problems, A-7
VGA drivers, 6-2-6
VGACONF utility, 6-6-12
External mouse/pointing device,
adapter, 5-7, 5-11
connecting, 1-7,5-7,5-9-11
controller, B-3
enabling, 2-5
problems, A-14
SETUP, 2-5
External VGA,
controller, B-2
port, 1-6-7
using, 5-2-3,6-1-2
Extra Care Road Service, Intro-2
F
F1 - F12 keys, 3-6
Features, computer, Intro-1
Fn key commands, 3-6-7
G
Graphic configuration, 6-6
H
Hard disk drive,
backing up, 3-17
configuring, 2-9-10
conserving power, 3-19
controller, B-2
light, 1-5
location, 1-4
problems, A-11
removing, 3-17-19
replacing, 3-17-19
Suspend mode, 3-19
timeout, 2-14, 3-19
types, 2-9
using, 3-17-19
Help, Intro-2-3
High speed, Intro-1, 3-11
HIMEM.SYS memory manager,
3-23
Home key, 3-5
Humidity, B-5
I
IBM VGA, 6-1
Indicator lights, 1-5
Input devices, B-3
Insert key, 3-6
Inserting diskettes, 3-14
Intel coprocessor, 5-16, B-1
K
Keyboard,
specifications, B-3
using, 3-4-8
Keyboard area, 1-3-4
Keyboard, external,
connecting, 5-7-9, 5-11
problems, A-15
Index 3
Keyboard/mouse adapter, 1-7, 5-7,
5-9-11
Keypad, external, 5-7-9
Keytop sets, 3-4
L
LCD screen,
adjusting, 3-12
blank, A-6
controller, B-2
display characteristics, 6-1
opening, 1-2
problems, A-6
resolution, 1-3, 6-1, B-3
specifications, B-3
standby mode, 6-9
timeout, 2-14
using, 3-12
Lights, indicator, 1-5, 1-9
Lotus 1-2-3 VGA drivers, 6-2-4
Low battery light, 1-5,4-2,4-6, A-4
Low speed, Intro-1, 3-11
M
Main unit, specifications, B-1
Manual conventions, Intro-4
Mass storage, B-3
Math coprocessor, see Numeric
coprocessor
Memory,
adding, 5-11-15
addresses, 2-11, 3-22-23
erasing, 3-9
expanded, 3-22-23
extended, 3-22-23
managers, 3-23
problems, A-15
specifications, B-1
system, 3-22-23, 5-11
using, 2-11, 3-22-23
4
Index
Memory module,
adding, 5-11-15
installing, 5-12-15
problems, A-15
Microprocessor, Intro-1, B-1
Microsoft Windows, 1-12,6-2,
6-4-5
Monitor, external,
connecting, 5-2-3
controller, B-3
problems, A-7
VGA drivers, 6-2-6
VGACONF utility, 6-6-12
Mouse, external,
adapter, 1-7,5-7,5-9-11
connecting, 5-7, 5-9-11
controller, B-3
disabling, 2-5
enabling, 2-5
problems, A-14
Mouse/keyboard adapter, 1-7, 5-7,
5-9-11
MS-DOS
application programs, 1-12,2-11,
3-23, 4-12
keyboard layouts, 3-4
memory, 3-22-23
operating systems, 1-12
starting up, 1-12
stopping a command, 3-8
VER command, A-2
version number, A-2
VGA drivers, 6-1-2
N
NiCad battery, see Battery
Num Lock function, 3-6—8
Num Lock key, 3-6
Num Lock light, 1-5,3-8
Numeric coprocessor,
adding, 5-11, 5-16-17
problems, A-16
specifications, B-1
Numeric keypad, 3-4, 3-6—8
O
Opening screen, 1-2
Operating system(s), 1-12,2-16
Optional devices, 5-1-17
OS/2, 1-12
P
Parallel port,
connecting diskette drive, 1-11-12
connecting printer, 5-4-5
controller, B-2
location, 1-6-7
problems, A-10-11, A-13
SETUP, 2-5
Parallel printer, connecting, 5-4-5
Parts, identifying, 1-3-7
Password,
changing, 2-8-9
current, 3-3
function, 3-2-3
problems, A-8-9
SETUP, 3-3
system, 3-3
typing, 3-3
using, 3-2-3
Pause key, 1-12, 3-6
PC cards,
card services, 3-20
drivers, 3-20
inserting, 3-21
problems, A-13-14
readme file, 3-20
removing, 3-21
slot for, 1-6,3-21
PC cards (continued),
socket services, 3-20
specifications, B-2
types of, 3-20
using, 3-20-21
PC card slot light, 1-5
PCMCIA, Intro-1, 3-20, B-2
PCREADME.TXT file, 3-20
PgDn key, 3-5
PgUp key, 3-5
Physical dimensions, B-4
Plugs, AC, B-6
Pointing device,
adapter, 1-7, 5-7, 5-9-11
connecting, 5-7, 5-9-11
controller, B-3
disabling, 2-5
enabling, 2-5
problems, A-14
Ports, 1-6-7
Power,
cable, 1-8-9, B-6
light, 1-5
management, 2-14, 3-19, 4-8
plugs, B-6
problems, A-3
source requirements, B-6
supply, B-4
switch, 1-4,1-11
Power-on diagnostics, 1-12, A-2-3
Powering computer, 4-1—8
PRINTER port, 1-6-7
Printer problems, A-13
Processing speeds, Intro-1, 3-11
Program, stopping, 3-8
Protocol, serial ports, 5-7
PrtScr key, 3-6
PS/2 compatible,
keyboard, 5-7-9,5-11
mouse, 5-7,5-9-11
pointing device, 5-7, 5-9-11
Index 5
R
RAM (random access memory),
Intro-1, 2-1-2, A-3, B-1
Readme file, PC card, 3-20
Read-only memory (ROM), 2-1,
A-3, B-1
Recharging, battery, 4-4-5
Reference diskette, 3-16, 6-1
Release button,
diskette drive, 3-14
PC card, 3-21
Release latch, 1-3
Removable battery, 4-2-6
Removing,
access cover, 5-11-12
battery, 4-2-4
diskettes, 3-14-15
hard disk drive, 3-17-19
Replacing,
access cover, 5-17
battery, 4-2-4
hard disk drive, 3-17-19
Reserved memory, 3-22-23
Resetting computer, 3-9
Resolutions, VGA, Intro-1, 1-3,
6-1-2, B-3
ROM BIOS, 2-1, A-2, B-1
S
Saving battery power, 2-14, 3-19,
4-7-8, 6-9-10
Screen, opening, 1-2
ScrLock key, 3-6
Scroll Lock light, 1-5
Security, see Password
Serial device, connecting, 5-5-7
Serial number, A-2
Serial port,
baud rate, 5-7
connecting, 5-5-7
controller, B-2
location, 1-6-7
settings, 5-7
6 Index
Serial printer, 5-5
Setting up computer, 1-1-12
SETUP program,
booting sequence, 2-12
date and time, 2-4-5
default speed, 2-13
external diskette drive, 1-11, 2-5
hard disk drive type, 2-9-10
options, 2-3-25
parallel printer, 2-5
password security, 2-7-9
pointing device, 2-5
power management options, 2-14
printer, 2-5
running, 2-2
saving settings, 2-15
self test errors, 2-6
shadow RAM, 2-6-7
starting, 1-12, 2-2
system memory, 2-11
system startup, 1-12, 2-2
trackball, 2-5
virus warning, 2-12,
Shades of gray, Intro-1, 1-3
Shift key, 3-5
Simultaneous display, 3-7,6-g-9
Single diskette drive system,
using, 3-16-17
Socket services, 3-20
Software,
Lotus 1-2-3, 6-2-4
PC card, 3-20
problems, A-12-13
socket services, 3-20
Windows, 1-12, 6-2, 6-4-5
WordPerfect, 6-2, 6-5-6
Speaker, controller, B-2
Speed, changing, 3-11
Special keys, 3-5-7
Specifications, B-1-6
Speed, Intro-1, 3-11
Standard VGA monitor, 6-1
Standby timer, VGACONF, 6-9
Stopping command or program,
3-8
Suspend light, 1-5
Suspend mode, Intro-1, 3-19, 4-7
SVGA monitor, 6-1
SysReq key, 3-6
System,
configuration, 1-12, 2-1—16
features, Intro-1
identifying, A-2
parts, 1-3—7
password security, 3-3
timeout, 2-14
System BIOS, version number, A-2
System board, memory, 5-11-15
System configuration, 1-12, 2-1—16
System memory, see Memory
System parts, identifying, 1-3-7
T
Tab key, 3-5
Temperature, B-5
Timeout counters, 2-14, 3-19
Timeout period, hard disk, 2-14
TrackbaIl,
disabling, 2-5
enabling, 2-5
specifications, B-3
using, 1-3—4, 3-13
Travelling, B-5
Troubleshooting, A-1-16
Turning off computer, 3-10
Turning on computer, 1-11-12
Typing password, 3-3
U
Unix, 1-12
utilities, 6-1-18
V
VGA,
adapter, built-in, 1-6-7, 5-2-3, 6-1-2
BIOS, B-1
controller, B-2
display characteristics, 6-1
external port, 1-6-7
monitor, 5-2-3,6-1-2,6-6-12
resolutions, Intro-1, 1-3, 6-1-2, B-3
VGA drivers,
applications, 6-2-6
installing, 6-2-6
Reference diskette, 6-1
using, 6-1-6
VGA utilities,
using, 6-1-12
VGACONF utility,
command line prompt, 6-10
controlling display, 6-7-18
display status, 6-7
options, 6-6-12
parameters, 6-10-12
settings, 6-7
using, 6-6-12
VGACONF.EXE file, 6-6
Video graphics array, see VGA
VIDEO port, 1-6-7,5-2-3, B-2
Video RAM, B-1
Virus warning, 2-3, 2-12-13
W
Warning, virus, 2-3, 2-12-13
Warranty information, Intro-2-3
Windows, see Microsoft Windows
WordPerfect, VGA drivers, 6-2,
6-5-6
Write-protecting, diskettes, 3-15
X
Xenix, 1-12
Index 7
Epson Overseas Marketing locations
Epson Deutschland GmbH
Zülpicher Straße 6,
4000 Dusseldorf 11
Germany
Phone: 211-56030
Telex: 41-8584786
Epson France S.A.
B.P. 320, 68 Bis Rue Marjolin
92305 Levallois-Perret Cedex
France
Phone: 33-14737-3333
Telex: 42-610657
Epson Iberica, S.A.
Avda. de Roma 18-26
08290 Cerdanyola de1 valles
08036 Barcelona, Spain
Phone: 3-582-15-00
Fax: 3-582-15-55
Telex: 50129
Epson Italia s.p.a.
V.le F.lli Casiraghi, 427
20099 Sesto S. Giovanni
Milano, Italy
Phone: 2-262331
Fax: 2-2440641 or 2-2440750
Telex: 315132
Epson Hong Kong Ltd.
25/F., Harbour Centre,
25 Harbour Road
Wanchai, Hong Kong
Phone: 831-4600
Fax: 572-5792
Telex: 65542 EPSCO I-IX
Epson Australia Pty. Ltd.
17 Rodborough Road
Frenchs Forest, N.S.W. 2086
Australia
Phone: 2-452-0666
Fax: 2-451-0251
Telex: 71-75052
Epson Electronics Trading Ltd.
Taiwan Branch
10F, No. 287, Nanking E. Road,
Sec. 3, Taipei, Taiwan R.O.C.
Phone: 886-2-717-m
Free phone: 886-080-211172
Fax: 886-2-712-9164
Telex: 785-24444
Epson Singapore Pte. Ltd.
No. 1 Raffles Place #26-00,
Oub Centre, Singapore 0104
Phone: 533-0477
Telex: 87-39536
Epson (U.K.) Ltd.
Business Management Dept. (PC)
Campus 100, Maylands Avenue
Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire,
HP2 7EZ, UK
Phone: 0442 61144
Free phone: linkline 0800 289622
Fax: 0422 227227
Telex: 51-824767