User`s guide | Epson EL 486UC Laptop User Manual

®
EPSON
EL 486UC
User’s Guide
This manual is printed on recycled paper and is 100% recyclable.
FCC COMPLIANCE STATEMENT
FOR AMERICAN USERS
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio and
television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
Consult an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels that
exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment, It is the responsibility of the
user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable with this device. If this
equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave cables connected to unused
interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the
user’s authority to operate the equipment.
FOR CANADIAN USERS
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numérique n’emet pas de bruits radioéctriques depassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le reglement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des Communications du Canada.
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
Epson America makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, by or
with respect to anything in this manual, and shall not be liable for any implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or for any indirect, special, or
consequential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or
consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Epson
America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of information
contained herein, Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the
information contained herein. Further, this publication and features described herein are
subject to change without notice.
TRADEMARKS
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
General notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks of their respective owners. Epson disclaims any and all rights in those
marks.
Copyright © 1993 by Epson America, Inc.
Torrance, California, USA
ii
400235000
Important Safety Instructions
1.
Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the computer.
3.
Unplug the computer from the wall outlet before cleaning. Use a
damp cloth for cleaning; do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners.
4.
Do not spill liquid of any kind on the computer.
5.
Do not place the computer on an unstable cart, stand, or table.
6.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are
provided for ventilation; do not block or cover these openings.
Do not place the computer near or over a radiator or heat
register.
7. Operate the computer using the type of power source indicated
on its label.
8.
If you plan to operate the computer in Germany, observe the
following safety precaution:
To provide adequate short-circuit protection and over-current
protection for this computer, the building installation must
be protected by a 16 Amp circuit breaker.
Beim AnschluB des Computers an die Netzversorgung muB
sichergestellt werden, daB die Gebäudeinstallation mit einem
16 A Überstromschutzschalter abgesichert ist.
9.
Connect all equipment to properly grounded (earthed) power
outlets. If you are unable to insert the plug into an outlet, contact
your electrician to replace your outlet. Avoid using outlets on
the same circuit as photocopiers or air control systems that
regularly switch on and off.
10 Do not allow the computer’s power cord to become damaged or
frayed.
iii
11. If you use an extension cord with the computer, make sure the
total of the ampere ratings of the devices plugged into the
extension cord does not exceed the ampere rating for the
extension cord. Also, make sure the total of all products plugged
into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
12. Do not insert objects of any kind into this product through the
cabinet slots.
13. Except as specifically explained in this User’s Guide, do not
attempt to service the computer yourself. Refer all servicing to
qualified service personnel.
14. Unplug the computer from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged.
B. If liquid has entered the computer.
C. If the computer does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are
covered by the operating instructions. Improper adjustment
of other controls may result in damage and often requires
extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the
computer to normal operation.
D. If the computer has been dropped or the cabinet has been
damaged.
E. If the computer exhibits a distinct change in performance.
iv
Instructions Importantes de Sécurité
1.
Lire completement les instructions qui suivent et les conserver
pour references futures.
2.
Bien suivre tous les avertissements et les instructions indiqués sur
l’ordinateur.
3.
Debrancher l’ordinateur de toute sortie murale avant le nettoyage.
Utiliser un chiffon humide; ne jamais utiliser un nettoyeur
liquide ou une bonbonne aerosol.
4.
Ne jamais renverser un liquide d’aucune sorte sur l’ordinateur.
5.
Ne pas placer l’ordinateur sur un chariot, un support, ou une table
instable.
6.
Les events dans les meubles, a l’arriere et en dessous sont conçus
pour l’aération; on ne doit jamais les bloquer. Ne pas placer
l’ordinateur près d’une source de chaleur directe.
7.
Le fonctionnement de l’ordinateur doit s’effectuer conformément
au type de source d’alimentation indiquée sur l’etiquette.
8.
Lorsqu’on desire utiliser l’ordinateur en Allemagne, on doit
observer les normes securitaires qui suivent:
Afin d’assurer une protection adequate a l’ordinateur contre
les court-circuits et le survoltage, l’installation de l’edifice
doit comprendre un disjoncteur de 16 amp.
9.
On doit brancher tout l’equipement dans une sortie reliée à la
masse. Lorsqu’il est impossible d’insérer la fiche dans la prise, on
doit retenir les services d’un électricien ou remplacer la prise. Ne
jamais utiliser une prise sur le même circuit qu’un appareil a
photocopie ou un système de controle d’aération avec
commutation marche-arrêt.
10. S’assurer que le cordon d’alimentation de l’ordinateur n’est pas
effrité.
V
11. Dans le cas où on utilise un cordon de rallonge avec l’ordinateur,
on doits' assurer que la valeur totale d’amperes branches dans le
cordon n’excede en aucun temps les amperes du cordon de
rallonge. La quantité totale des appareils branches dans la prise
murale ne doit jamais exceder 15 amperes.
12. Ne jamais inserer un objet de quelque sorte que ce soit dans les
cavites de cet appareil.
13. Sauf tel que specific dans la notice d’utilisation, on ne doit jamais
tenter d’effectuer une reparation de l’ordinateur. On doit referer
le service de cet appareil a un technicien qualifie.
14. Debrancher l’ordinateur de la prise murale et confier le service au
personnel de service qualifie selon les conditions qui suivent:
A. Lorsque le cordon d’alimentation ou la prise sont
endommages.
B. Lorsqu’un liquide s’est infiltre dans l’ordinateur.
C. Lorsque l’ordinateur refuse de fonctionner normalement
même en suivant les instructions. N’ajuster que les
commandes qui sont énumérées dans les instructions de
fonctionnement. Tout ajustement inadéquat de tout autre
contrôle peut provoquer un dommage et souvent necessiter
des reparations élaborées par un technicien qualifié afin de
remettre l’appareil en service.
D. Lorsqu’on a echappe l’ordinateur ou que l’on a endommagé le
boitier .
E. Lorsque l’ordinateur demontre un changement note au niveau
de sa performance.
vi
Contents
Introduction
VGA Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mathcoprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Setting Up Your System
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing a Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Printer or Other Device . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning On the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Diskette Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Hard Disk Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Video Display Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Keyboard Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Processor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Boot Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
l-l
l-l
l-2
l-3
l-3
l-3
l-4
l-5
l-6
l-7
l-9
l-10
l-11
l-11
l-12
l-12
1-16
l-16
l-17
l-18
l-18
l-18
vii
Enabling an External Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Shadow ROM Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Remapping Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Other Shadow Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exiting the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post-SETUP Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning Off the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
Using Your Computer
Inserting and Removing Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping a Command or Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Processor Speed ...........................................
Chapter 3
2-l
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
installing and Removing Options
Removing the Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating the Internal Components . . . . . .
Changing the Jumper Settings . . . . . . . .
Setting the Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Memory Modules (SIMMs) . . . .
Inserting SIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing SIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Option Card Connector Board
Replacing the Option Card Connector Board
Adding Video Memory . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing External Cache . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrading the Microprocessor . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Processor Chip . . . . . . . .
Installing a Heat Sink . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Oscillator . . . . . . . . .
Post-installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . .
Vlll
l-19
l-19
l-19
l-20
l-20
l-21
l-21
. . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
.
.
.
.
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-13
3-14
3-17
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-22
3-24
3-26
3-28
3-29
3-30
Chapter 4
Installing and Removing Drives
Installing a Hard Disk Drive in the Internal Drive Bay . . . . .
Removing the Mounting Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Hard Disk Drive Cables . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Hard Disk Below the Mounting Bracket . .
Installing the Hard Disk On the Mounting Bracket . . . .
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Internal Drive Bay . .
Installing a Drive in the Upper Horizontal Drive Bay . . . . .
Connecting the Drive and Power Cables . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Drive from the Upper Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . .
Reconnecting the Drive and Power Cables to the
Diskette Drive in the Lower Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post-installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-8
4-10
4-13
4-13
4-16
4-18
4-18
4-20
Installing Video Drivers
Installing the Drivers . . . .
Lotus l-2-3 or Symphony . .
Microsoft Windows . . . . .
Microsoft Word . . . , . . .
Quattro Pro . . . . . . . . . .
WordPerfect . . . . . . . , .
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Chapter 6 Troubleshooting
Identifying Your System . . . . , _
The Computer Will Not Start . . .
The Computer Does Not Respond
Keyboard Problems . . . . . . . . .
Monitor Problems . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Problems . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drive Problems . . . .
Password Problems . . . . . . . . .
Software Problems . . . . . . . . .
Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Card Problems . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
6-l
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-5
6-7
6-8
6-8
6-9
6-10
6-10
6-11
ix
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controller Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Cache Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
6-12
6-13
6-13
Appendix A Specifications
CPU and Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Slot Power Limits (Total) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tested Operating Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Available Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Index
x
A-l
A-2
A-2
A-4
A-4
A-4
A-5
A-5
A-6
Introduction
Your new Epson® EL 486UC computer is a fast,
high-performance, all-in-one system offering flexibility and
expandability in a compact design. It provides the following
features:
486SX, 25 MHz microprocessor upgradable to 486SX/33,
486DX/33,486DX2/50, or 486DX2/66
4MB of internal memory, expandable to 32MB
System and video BIOS shadow RAM
8KB of internal processor cache and support for 32KB or
128KB of external cache
512KB of on-board video memory, expandable to 1MB
Built-in VGA port
Two built-in serial ports, one built-in parallel port, and one
built-in game port
Built-in PS/2 compatible keyboard port
Three l&bit, full-length and two B-bit, half-length ISA
option slots
Support for up to three mass storage devices
Password security.
Using the built-in interfaces, you can connect most of your
peripheral devices directly to the computer so you do not have
to install option cards. You can use the option slots to enhance
your system with extra functions such as a modem card, a
network controller card, or additional interface ports.
Introduction 1
The shadow RAM feature speeds up processing by moving the
system and video BIOS into the RAM area of memory.
With 512KB of video RAM, the VGA controller supports
standard resolutions up to 640 x 480 in 16 colors and extended
resolutions up to 640 x 480 in 256 colors or 1024 x 768 in
16 colors (interlaced or non-interlaced). With 1MB of video
memory, the controller supports extended resolutions up to
1024 x 768 in up to 256 colors.
VGA Utilities
Your computer comes with special VGA drivers and utilities
for use with the integrated VGA interface. With these drivers,
you can take advantage of the extended VGA features such as
high resolutions and 132-column text mode when you run
popular application programs. Drivers for common
applications are described in Chapter 5.
Optional Equipment
You can easily upgrade your computer by installing a wide
variety of options, as described in Chapters 3 and 4.
Microprocessor
You can upgrade your system with these microprocessors:
486SX/33
486DX/33
486DX2/50
486DX2/66.
2
Introduction
Math coprocessor
You automatically install a math coprocessor when you
upgrade your system with a 486DX microprocessor, because
the coprocessor is built into the 486DX chip.
Memory
By adding 1MB, 4MB, 8MB, and 16MB SIMMs (single inline
memory modules) to the main system board, you can expand
the computer’s memory up to 32MB.
Your system also supports video memory upgrades to 1MB
and cache memory upgrades of either 32KB or 128KB.
Drives
Your system can support up to three internal mass storage
devices, including hard disk drives, diskette drives, a tape
drive, or a CD-ROM drive. As your storage needs expand, you
can install additional drives.
How to Use This Manual
This manual contains the information you need to get the best
results from your computer. You do not have to read
everything in this book; check the following summary.
Chapter 1 provides simple instructions for setting up your
system and connecting peripheral devices such as the monitor
and printer. It also describes running the SETUP program to
define your computer’s configuration.
Introduction 3
Chapter 2 covers general operating procedures such as
resetting the computer, using the password, and changing the
processor speed.
Chapter 3 describes how to remove and replace the computer’s
cover, change jumper settings, and install optional equipment
such as microprocessor upgrades, option cards, and memory
modules.
Chapter 4 explains how to install and remove disk drives.
Chapter 5 describes how to install VGA drivers.
Chapter 6 contains troubleshooting tips.
Appendix A lists the specifications of your computer, the
operating environments that have been tested on your system,
and options available from Epson.
At the end of this manual you’ll find an Index and a list of
international marketing locations.
Where to Get Help
If you purchased your computer outside the United States,
please contact your dealer or the marketing location nearest
you for customer support and service. International marketing
locations are listed at the back of this manual.
If you purchased your computer in the United States, Epson
provides the following support services through Epson Direct”
and the Epson Connection”:
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,
and operation of Epson products
On-site Servicer referral
4
Introduction
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson
Reseller or Service Center
Sales of ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and
accessories for your Epson product
Sales of Epson computers and accessories through Epson
Direct at (800) 374-7300
Customer Relations
Epson technical information library fax service-also
available directly by calling the toll number (310) 782-4214
Product literature with technical specifications on our
current and new products
User group locations.
If you need help with any software you are using, see the
documentation that came with it for technical support.
Epson Connection: (800) 922-8911
Epson Direct: (800) 374-7300
Introduction 5
Chapter 1
Setting Up Your System
This chapter briefly describes how to set up your computer. It
includes the following information:
Getting started
Connecting the computer
Running the SETUP program
Post-SETUP procedures.
Getting Started
Follow the instructions below for choosing a location for your
new system and unpacking it.
Choosing a Location
When you are ready to set up your system, choose a safe,
convenient location that provides the following:
A flat, hard surface. Surfaces like beds and carpets attract
static electricity, which can erase data on your disks,
damage the computer’s circuitry, and prevent proper
ventilation.
Moderate environmental conditions. Select a cool, dry area
and protect your computer from extremes in temperature,
humidity, dust, and smoke. Avoid direct sunlight or other
sources of heat.
Setting Up Your System
1-1
Good air circulation. Leave several inches of space around
the computer so air can move freely.
No electromagnetic interference. Do not place your system
too close to any electrical device, such as a telephone or
television, which generates an electromagnetic field.
Appropriate power source. Connect all your equipment
with the appropriate power cords for the power source in
your area.
Unpacking Your Computer
When you unpack your system components, make sure you
have these items:
Your system also includes a serial mouse and may come with
the operating system and software already installed on a hard
disk drive.
If you purchased any optional equipment that wasn’t installed
at the factory-such as option cards, memory modules, a hard
disk, or a diskette drive-you should install these options before
you connect your computer. See Chapters 3 and 4 for instructions.
1-2
Setting Up Your System
Connecting the Computer
Use the illustration below to locate the ports on the back of
your system as you connect the keyboard, monitor, printer, and
other devices.
Connecting a Keyboard
To connect a keyboard, hold the cable connector so the arrow
on the connector faces up. Insert it into the port marked K/B.
Connecting a Mouse
Your system came with a serial mouse that connects to either of
the computer’s built-in serial ports. To connect the mouse,
insert the connector into one of the ports marked COMl and
COM2.
Setting Up Your System
1-3
When you install the drivers for your mouse, make sure you
identify the port to which you connected it. See the README
file on the diskette that came with your mouse for more
information.
Connecting a Monitor
The way you connect your monitor to the computer depends
on the type of monitor you have. If you have a VGA monitor
(or a multifrequency monitor with an analog connector), you
can connect it to the computer’s built-in VGA port as described
below. If you are connecting your monitor to an adapter card,
see Chapter 3.
1.
Place your monitor on top of or near the computer. Turn the
monitor and computer around so the backs are facing you.
2.
There should be two cables provided with your monitor: the
monitor cable (to connect it to the computer) and the power
cable (to connect it to the power source). On most monitors,
the monitor cable is permanently attached to the monitor. If
your monitor does not have an attached cable, connect the
cable to it now.
3.
Examine the connector on the monitor cable and line it up
with the VGA port on the computer. Then insert the
connector into the port.
Caution
To avoid damaging the connector, be careful not to bend
the pins when you insert it.
1-4
4.
If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them.
5.
Plug the monitor power cord into the monitor’s power
inlet.
Setting Up Your System
6.
Plug the other end of the power cord into an appropriate
grounded electrical outlet or into the power outlet on the
back of the system.
Caution
Before you plug the monitor’s power cord into the back
of your computer, make sure the monitor’s power
requirements do not exceed 1 Amp.
Connecting a Printer or Other Device
Your computer has one parallel and two serial ports. To
connect a printer or other peripheral device, follow the
appropriate instructions below.
Using
the parallel port
Follow these steps to connect a parallel printer to your
computer:
1.
Place the printer next to the computer so that the backs are
facing you.
2.
Align the connector end of the printer cable with the
PARALLEL port and plug it in. If the connector has retaining
screws, tighten them.
3.
Connect the other end of the cable to the printer. To secure
the cable, squeeze the clips at each side of the printer port
and push them into place.
4.
Plug the printer’s power cord into an appropriate grounded
electrical outlet.
Setting Up Your System
1-5
Using the serial ports
If you have a printer, a modem, or a mouse with a serial
interface, you can connect it to one of the serial (Rs232C) ports
on the back of the computer. Make sure you have a cable
compatible with a DB-9P connector.
To connect a serial device, insert the connector into one of the
ports marked COM1 and COM2. If you are connecting only one
serial device, use the COM1 port.
Connecting the Power Cord
Follow these steps to connect the power cord:
1.
Plug the power cord into the power inlet on the back panel.
Warning
To avoid an electric shock, be sure to plug the cord into
the computer before plugging it into the wall outlet.
2.
1-6
Plug the other end of the power cord into an appropriate
grounded electrical outlet.
Setting Up Your System
Turning On the Computer
After you set up your system, you are ready to turn on the
power. Use the illustration below to identify the parts of your
system.
Before you turn on your computer, check the following safety
rules to avoid accidentally damaging your computer or injuring
yourself:
Do not connect or disconnect any peripheral device cables
(including the keyboard or a mouse) or power cables when
the computer’s power is on.
Never turn off or reset your computer while a disk drive
light is on. This can destroy data stored on the disk.
Always wait at least 20 seconds after you turn off the
power before you turn it on again. This prevents possible
damage to the computer’s electrical circuitry.
Do not leave a beverage near your system. Spilled liquid
can damage the circuitry of your equipment.
Setting Up Your System
1-7
Follow these steps to turn on your system:
1. Turn your computer around so the front panel faces you.
Place your monitor, printer, and other devices in a
convenient arrangement.
2.
If there is a protective card in the diskette drive, remove it
now.
3.
Turn on the monitor, printer, and any other devices
connected to the computer.
4.
Turn on the computer by pressing the power button on the
right side of the front panel.
The power indicator lights up, then the screen displays a
count of the system memory. The computer performs its
power-on diagnostics, which are a series of checks that
make sure everything is working correctly.
5.
If necessary, use the controls on your monitor to adjust the
brightness and contrast until you can easily see the
characters on the screen.
If your system is configured to automatically load a program
(such as Microsoft Windows or a word processing
program), you see the first menu or screen display of that
program. If not, you may see the operating system prompt,
such as c:\>orA:\>.
If there is no operating system installed on your computer,
you see an error message. Ignore the message for now; once
you install the operating system, you will not see this
message.
Now follow the instructions in the next section to configure
your system using the SETUP program.
l-8
Setting Up Your System
Running the SETUP Program
You need to run the SETUP program the first time you use
your computer. If your system was configured for you, you
may still need to set the date and time. If your system came
unconfigured, you need to define how it is set up. You may
need to run the program again later if you change your
configuration.
SETUP is stored in the computer’s ROM BIOS (read-only
memory, basic input/output system), so you can run it any
time. SETUP lets you verify or change the following:
Current date and time
Type of diskette drive(s) and hard disk drive(s)
System memory
Type of video display adapter
Keyboard options
Processor speed
Password
System booting sequence
External cache
Shadow and memory mapping options.
The configuration information is stored in an area of memory
called CMOS RAM. This memory is backed up by a battery, so
it is not erased when you turn off or reset the computer.
Setting Up Your System
1-9
Starting the SETUP Program
You can run SETUP whenever you see the operating system
command prompt, such as:
C:\> or A:\>
To start SETUP, hold down Ctrl and Alt, then press S.
Also, whenever you start your computer, if the system detects
an error in your system configuration, you will see the
following message:
Press the Fl key to continue, F2 to run the
setup utility
If you see this message, press F2 to run the SETUP program to
correct your configuration.
The table below lists the keys you can use to perform SETUP
operations.
1-10
Setting Up Your System
Whenever you are in the SETUP program, the bottom of the
screen lists the keys you can press to perform specific functions.
Displaying System Information
The SETUP program provides a system information screen that
lists the following:
Processor type
Coprocessor type (if you’ve installed a 486DX
microprocessor upgrade)
Reserved memory
BIOS version number
Addresses for video mode, serial ports, and printer ports
Option ROMs (if any ROM exists on your installed option
cards).
To see this information, press F2 from either of the SETUP
screens.
Setting the Date and Time
The real-time clock in your computer continuously tracks the
date and time-even when the computer is turned off. Once
you set the System Time and System Date options using
SETUP, you should not need to change them, unless you adjust
the time for daylight savings or other seasonal adjustments.
(The computer automatically changes the date for leap years.)
Use
to move the cursor to the value you want to
change. Then press + or - until you see the value you want.
Setting Up Your System
1-22
Setting the Diskette Drive(s)
On your system, diskette drive A is the 3.5-inch high-density
drive installed in the lower drive bay on your system. You may
also have another drive of a different size or capacity; this is
drive B. Check the settings for both drives and correct them if
necessary.
Note
If you add a diskette drive and want to reassign the top
drive as drive A, you must change jumpers J35, J36, J37, and
J38, as described in Chapter 3. Then run SETUP to reassign
drive types.
Setting the Hard Disk Drive(s)
The SETUP program lets you select the type of hard disk
drive(s) installed in your computer. Follow these guidelines:
If your system does not have a hard disk, select
Not Installed for Hard Disk l and Hard Disk 2.
If your computer came with an Epson-installed hard disk
drive, you need to define your own drive type. For more
information, see “Defining your own drive type” on
page 1-15.
If you have installed another type of hard disk drive, you
need to select the drive type number that matches your
drive.
1-12
Setting Up Your System
Hard disk drive types
The table below lists standard hard disk drives. Check this table
and your drive documentation to find the correct type number.
If none of the types listed matches your drive, see page 1-15.
Hard disk drive types
Setting Up Your System
Hard disk drive types (continued)
1-14
Setting Up Your System
Defining your own drive type
If the parameters for your hard disk (listed in its
documentation) do not match any of the types listed in the table
above, you can define your own type. Follow these steps:
1.
Move your cursor to Hard Disk 1 or 2 and press + or until you see drive type 48 or 49.
2.
Press
to move the cursor to the Cyl field.
3. Type the appropriate cylinder value for your hard disk. The
documentation that came with your hard disk drive will
provide the appropriate information.
4.
Continue pressing
to move the cursor to the next field and
type in the appropriate values,
If you are installing Epson-supplied drives, use the information
in the following table to define your drive type.
Epson-supplied hard disk drive types
l
Actual formatted size may be slightly different than size on drive label.
** If you have one of these hard disk drives, make sure you set the Shadow
BIOS ROM OptiOn to WP-Shadow or Cacheable.
Setting Up Your System
1-15
Checking System Memory
Your computer comes with 4MB of RAM on a SIMM. DOS and
application programs that run under DOS use the first 640KB of
memory. You can use the memory above 1MB as extended
memory.
When you boot your system, the system BIOS detects the type
of RAM and updates the total memory size automatically. You
see the memory configuration displayed in the Base Memory
and Extended Memory fields on this SETUP screen.
You may need to change these values if you install optional
memory (for instance, a memory option card) that the BIOS
doesn’t automatically recognize when you start your system.
Change the values in these fields to reflect your additional
memory. When you restart your system, all memory, including
the additional memory, will be available.
Setting the Video Display Type
The Video Card option lets you define the type of adapter
you are using for your primary display. If you connected your
monitor to the computer’s built-in VGA port, select EGA/VGA.
If you installed an optional video card, follow the guidelines
below to select the correct adapter type.
1-16
Setting Up Your System
Video display type options
Setting Keyboard Options
Two options in the SETUP program allow you to control
keyboard settings: the Keyboard option and the NumLock on
at boot option.
For this system, the Keyboard option in the SETUP program
has no effect.
The NumLock on at boot option determines the initial state
of the num lock function when you turn on or reset your
system. When num lock is off, the keypad controls cursor
movement. If num lock is on, the keypad types numbers.
Select
YES
to set the num lock function on when the
system
starts.
Setting Up Your System
1-17
Setting the Processor Speed
The CPU Speed option sets the processor speed to fast or slow.
At fast speed, your processor operates at its fastest speed (25,33,
50, or 66 MHz, depending on the speed of your microprocessor).
At the slow speed setting, the processor operates at 8 MHz to
provide compatibility with older application programs.
Setting the Password
The SETUP program lets you enter or delete an optional
password to control access to your system.
To set a password, move the cursor to the Password option on
the second SETUP screen and press Enter. When you see the
ype the password you want to use. This password can be
up to seven characters. When you press Enter again, you see
the word “Set” displayed for the Password option.
To delete a password you’ve entered, move the cursor to the
Password option and press Enter. You see this symbol:
.
Type your password and press Enter. You see “Not set” at the
Password option.
Setting the Boot Sequence
The Boot sequence option determines the order in which the
computer checks the drives when it looks for the operating
system.
If you select C : > A:, each time you turn on the computer, it
tries to load the operating system from drive C. If drive C
doesn’t contain an operating system, the computer loads the
operating system from drive A. If you select A: > C : , the
computer tries to load the operating system from drive A first.
If drive A doesn’t contain an operating system, the computer
tries to load it from drive C.
1-18
Setting Up Your System
Enabling an External Cache
If you have installed external cache in your system, set the
External Cache option to Enabled.You must also set your
shadow video and BIOS options to Cacheable or WP-Shadow.
Setting Shadow ROM Options
Your computer can access RAM faster than ROM. Two options,
Shadow BIOS ROM and Shadow Video ROM, allow your
system to copy the contents of its system and/or video ROM
into RAM (WP-Shadow) or external cache, if you have some
installed (Cacheable). When you use shadowing or the
external cache, your system can perform certain operations
faster. You cannot enable Memory Remapping when you
enablethe Shadow Video ROM and the Shadow BIOS ROM
options.
Remapping Memory
The Memory Remapping option allows you to relocate 384KB
of memory to the top addresses of DRAM. You must disable
this option if you have enabled both the shadow Video ROM
and the Shadow BIOS ROM options or any of the
Shadow 16K options that shadow memory at an address that
begins with “D.”
Setting Up Your System
1-19
Using Other Shadow Options
Eight additional shadow options are available, allowing you to
shadow 16KB at the memory address listed on the screen. You
may want to enable one or more of these shadow options if you
are using option cards that contain ROM. Using these options,
you can shadow the memory on the card to your system’s RAM
or external cache (if one is installed). Check the documentation
that came with your option card to determine which addresses
your option card can access. You may also need to set some
switches or jumpers on your option card.
If you enable the Memory Remapping option, you cannot
enable the last four of these Shadow options because they
access the same memory addresses.
Exiting the SETUP Program
When you leave the SETUP program, you can save your
settings and reboot your system, or exit SETUP without saving
your settings. You can also return all values to the factory
defaults.
To leave the SETUP program, press ESC from any SETUP
screen. From the SETUP exit menu, press these keys to perform
the following functions:
1-20
Esc
Returns to the SETUP utility
F4
Saves the changes you have made to your
configuration and restarts your computer
F5
Supplies the factory default values for all SETUP
options
F6
Exits the SETUP utility and returns to the system
prompt without saving any changes.
Setting Up Your System
Post-SETUP Procedures
After you run SETUP for the first time, you may need to install
the operating system on your computer. See your operating
system manual for instructions.
Once you have installed your operating system, install any
software you plan to use. See your application program
manuals for instructions.
You may also want to install the optional extended video
drivers for some of your application programs. See Chapter 5
for more information.
Turning Off the Computer
Whenever you turn off your system, follow these steps:
1.
Save your data and exit any application program you are
using.
2.
Check the hard disk drive light and the diskette drive light(s)
to make sure they are not on. Do not turn off the computer
if a drive light is on, because you can damage the drive or
lose data.
3.
Remove any diskette(s) from the diskette drive(s).
4.
Press the power button to turn off the computer and then
turn off the monitor, printer, and any other peripheral
devices.
Setting Up Your System
1-21
Chapter 2
Using Your Computer
This chapter briefly describes the following operations:
Inserting and removing diskettes
Stopping a command or program
Resetting the computer
Using the password
Changing the processor speed.
Inserting and Removing Disks
To insert a diskette into a 3.5-inch drive, hold the diskette with
the label facing up and the metal shutter leading into the drive,
as shown in the following illustration. Slide the diskette into the
drive until it clicks into place.
Using Your Computer
2-1
To insert a diskette into a 5.25-inch drive, hold the diskette with
the label facing up and the read/write slot leading into the
drive.
When you want to remove the diskette, make sure the drive
light is off; then press the release button or turn the latch.
Remove the diskette and store it properly.
Never remove a diskette or reset or turn off the computer
while a diskette drive light is on. You could lose data, Also,
remove all diskettes before you turn off the computer.
Stopping a Command or Program
You may sometimes need to stop a command or program while
it is running. If you have entered a DOS or application program
command that you want to stop, try one of the following:
Press Pause
Hold down Ctrl and press C
Hold down Ctrl and press Break.
If these methods do not work, you may need to reset the
computer as described below. Do not turn off the computer to
exit a program or stop a command unless you have to, because
the computer erases any data you did not save.
2-2
Using Your Computer
Resetting the Computer
Occasionally, you may want to clear the computer’s current
settings or its memory without turning it off. You can do this
by resetting the computer.
For example, if an error occurs and the computer does not
respond to your keyboard entries, you can reset it to reload
your operating system and try again. However, resetting erases
any data in memory that you have not saved; so reset only if
necessary.
Do not reset the computer to exit a program. Some programs
classify and store new data when you exit them. If you reset
the computer without properly exiting a program, you may
lose data.
When you reset the computer, the operating system must be
either on the hard disk or on a diskette in drive A; so if you do
not have a hard disk, insert the operating system diskette in
drive A. If you are using DOS, you can hold down Ctrl and Alt
and press Del.
You can also press the RESET button located on the front left
side of your computer. (See the illustration on page 1-7 to locate
the RESET button.) The screen displays nothing for a moment
and then the computer should reload the operating system.
If resetting the computer does not correct the problem, you
probably need to turn it off and on again. Remove any
diskette(s) from the diskette drive(s). Turn off the computer
and wait 20 seconds. If you do not have a hard disk, insert the
operating system diskette in drive A. Then turn on the
computer.
Using Your Computer
2-3
Using a Password
If you set a password when you ran the SETUP program, you
must enter it every time you turn on or reset the computer.
Follow these steps to use your password:
1. If you do not have a hard disk, insert your operating system
diskette in drive A.
2. Turn on or reset the computer. You see this prompt:
PASSWORD PLEASE:
3.
Type your password. You see an asterisk for each character
you type. Then press Enter.
4.
After you type the password correctly and press Enter, you
see the message, OK ! The computer loads the operating
system and displays the command prompt.
If you don’t enter the correct password the first time you type
it, you can try two more times. If you haven’t entered the
correct password on the third try, the computer locks up to
prevent unauthorized access.
If you do not remember your password, see “Password
Problems” in Chapter 6.
2-4
Using Your Computer
Changing the Processor Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: fast
speed (the speed of your microprocessor) or slow speed
(8 MHz). The slow speed is available to provide compatibility
with older application programs.
When your computer is operating at fast speed, the TURBO light
on the front panel is on. When the computer is operating at
slow speed, the light is off.
You should use fast speed for almost everything you do
because your programs will work faster. However, certain
application programs have specific timing requirements and
can run only at the slower speed. See your software manual to
determine if this is the case.
Some copy-protected programs require the computer to run at
slow speed while accessing the program on a diskette. These
programs also usually require you to leave a key disk-the
diskette that contains the copy protection-in the diskette
drive. If you use a copy-protected program, you can change the
speed to slow to access the diskette and return it to fast speed
when you are finished.
You can change the processor speed temporarily by entering
one of the following commands from the numeric keypad on
your keyboard:
To select slow speed, hold down the Ctrl key and the Alt key
simultaneously and then press the - key on the numeric
keypad. The speed light turns off.
To select fast speed, hold down the Ctrl and Alt keys and
press + on the numeric keypad. The speed light comes on.
Using Your Computer
2-5
Note
You can use the commands listed above while you are
running a program. However, if the program uses one of
these commands for another function, you cannot use it to
change the processor speed. You can, however, change the
processor speed through the SETUP program.
The speed setting remains in effect until you do the following:
Reset your computer
Turn off your computer
Change the speed with another keyboard command
Change the speed setting in the SETUP program.
2-6
Using Your Computer
Chapter 3
Installing and Removing Options
You can enhance the performance of your computer by adding
optional equipment such as system, video, or cache memory
modules, option cards, or a microprocessor upgrade.
This chapter first describes how to remove your computer’s
cover to install options and how to replace the cover when you
are finished. It then describes the following:
Locating the internal components
Changing the jumper settings
Installing and removing SIMMs (single inline memory
modules)
Installing and removing option cards
Removing and re-installing the option card connector board
Adding video memory
Installing external cache
Installing microprocessor upgrades.
Once you have installed your option, see “Post-installation
Procedures” on page 3-30.
Installing and Removing Options
3-1
Removing the Cover
You need to remove the computer’s cover to install any of the
options described in this chapter or to install or remove a disk
drive (as described in Chapter 4).
Follow these steps to remove the cover:
1.
Turn off the computer and then any peripheral devices
(including the monitor and printer).
2.
Disconnect the computer’s power cable from the electrical
outlet and from the back panel. Also disconnect any cables
that are connected to the computer, including the keyboard
cable.
3. If the monitor is on top of the computer, lift it off and set it
to one side.
3-2
4.
Turn the computer around so the back panel is facing you.
5.
Remove the three screws securing the back panel.
Installing and Removing Options
6.
Grasp the sides of the cover and lift it straight up, as shown
below:
7.
Set the cover aside.
8.
Ground yourself to the computer by touching the metal
surface of the back panel.
could damage a component when you touch it.
Installing and Removing Options
3-3
Replacing the Cover
When you are ready to replace the computer’s cover, follow
these steps:
3-4
1.
Make sure all the internal components are installed
properly.
2.
Check all cable connections, especially those that might have
been loosened during your work.
3.
Make sure all cables are out of the way so they do not catch
on the cover.
4.
Insert the front of the cover between the front bezel and the
chassis of the computer and guide it straight down. (See the
illustration on page 3-3.)
5.
Replace the three cover retaining screws.
6.
Reconnect the computer to the monitor, printer, keyboard,
and any other peripheral devices you have. Then reconnect
the power cable to the back of the computer and to an
electrical outlet.
Installing and Removing Options
Locating the Internal Components
As you follow the instructions in this chapter, refer to the
illustration below to locate the different components inside
your computer.
Installing and Removing Options
3-5
Changing the Jumper Settings
The main system board in your computer has a number of
jumpers that control certain functions. These jumpers are preset
at the factory to default positions. See the illustration below to
locate the jumpers on the system board.
3-6
Installing and Removing Options
Use the information in the following tables to change jumper
settings, if necessary.
Jumper settings
t
If you change this jumper setting to position 2-3, make sure you select
for the video Card option in SETUP.
Installing and Removing Options
MONO
3-7
Drive assignment jumper setting
Processor type jumper settings
Caution
Do not remove jumper J42. If J42 is off, your system cannot
write to RAM.
3-8
Installing and Removing Options
Setting the Jumpers
If you need to change any jumper settings, follow these steps:
1. Refer to the illustration on page 3-6 to locate the jumpers.
2.
If there are any option cards installed in your computer, you
need to remove them to access the jumpers. See page 3-17.
3.
A jumper’s setting is determined by where the jumper is
placed on the pins. Use the following table to identify the
pin settings for 2-pin, 3-pin, and 4-pin jumpers. To identify
pin 1, look at the system board under the jumper. You will
see a triangle traced on the board at pin 1.
Installing and Removing Options
3-9
To move a jumper from one position to the other, use
needle-nose pliers or tweezers to pull it off its pins and
gently move it to the desired position.
Caution
Be careful not to bend the jumper pins or damage any
components on the main system board.
4.
Replace any option cards you removed. See page 3-14 for
instructions.
Installing Memory Modules (SIMMs)
Your computer comes with 4MB of memory on a SIMM. By
installing additional SIMMs, you can increase the amount of
memory in your computer up to 32MB.
There are two SIMM sockets on the main system board, and
each can contain one memory module. You can install lMB,
4MB, 8MB, and 16MB SIMMs. The following table shows the
possible SIMM configurations; do not install memory in any
other configuration.
SIMM configuration
3-10
Installing and Removing Options
Before you install SIMMs, check the following guidelines to
ensure that they will work properly:
Use only tin-plated, 36-bit, 72-pin, fast-page mode SIMMs
that operate at an access speed of 70ns (nanoseconds) or
faster. Be sure all the SIMMs operate at the same speed.
Use the correct SIMM configuration to add the amount of
memory you want. See the table above.
Inserting SlMMs
Follow these steps to install SIMMs:
1.
Refer to the illustration on page 3-5 to locate the SIMM
sockets near the front of the system board.
2.
Remove any option cards that may be blocking your access
to the SIMM sockets. (See page 3-17 for instructions.)
Installing and Removing Options
3-11
3. Position the SIMM at an angle over the empty SIMM socket,
as shown below. The components on the SIMM should face
the power supply.
3-12
4.
Push the SIMM into the socket until it is seated firmly in the
slot. Then tilt it upright, as shown above, guiding the hole
at each end of the SIMM over the retaining post at each end
of the SIMM socket. If it does not go in smoothly, do not
force it; pull it all the way out and try again.
5.
Replace any option cards you removed. (See page 3-14 for
instructions.)
Installing and Removing Options
Removing SlMMs
If you need to remove SIMMs from your computer (to install
different ones, for example), follow the steps below:
1.
Remove any option cards that may be blocking your access
to the SIMM sockets. (See page 3-17 for instructions.)
2.
Use your fingers or a small screwdriver to carefully pull
away the metal tabs that secure the SIMM at each end, as
shown below. As you pull away the tabs, the SIMM falls to
the side. Remove it from the socket.
3.
If necessary, follow the same procedure to remove the other
SIMM.
Installing and Removing Options
3-13
4.
If you are inserting different SIMMs, follow the instructions
on page 3-11 to install your new SIMMs.
5.
Replace any option cards you removed, as described below,
Installing an Option Card
This s&ion explains how to install option cards in your computer.
Your computer has three 16-bit, full-length slots and two 8-bit,
half-length slots to accommodate a total of five option cards.
Usually it does not matter which slot an option card occupies as
long as the card fits in the slot. For example, you can place
some B-bit cards in a 16-bit slot. However, you cannot install a
16-bit card in an 8-bit slot.
Caution
Make sure the power requirements for the option cards you
install do not exceed the power supply limitations. See your
option card manual(s) for the power requirements. Then
check Appendix A for the option slot power limits. Note that
older option cards that require -5 volts are not supported.
Before you install an option card, see if you need to change any
jumper settings on the system board. For example, if you install
a SCSI hard disk drive, you may need to change jumper J25 to
disable the IDE hard disk drive controller. See page 3-6 for
more information on jumpers.
Refer to the illustrations below and follow these steps to install
an option card:
1. If you are using a 16-bit option slot, go on to step 2. If you
are using an 8-bit slot near the power supply, you need to
move the power supply before you can remove the metal
slot cover.
3-14
Installing and Removing Options
Remove the two retaining screws securing the power supply
to the back of the computer and the third retaining screw
holding the power supply to the base of the computer, as
shown below. Be careful not to disconnect any of the cables.
Slide the power supply out of the way.
2.
Remove the retaining screw securing the option slot cover
to the computer, as shown below. (Keep the screw to secure
the option card to the computer.)
Installing and Removing Options
3-15
3-16
3.
Slide out the slot cover and set it aside. (Store it in a safe
place in case you remove the option card later.)
4.
Unpack the option card and adjust any switches or jumpers
on it, if necessary. (Check the option card instructions.)
When you handle the card, be careful not to touch any of
the components on the circuit board or the gold-edged
connectors. If you need to set it down before you install it,
place it gently on top of its original packing material with
the component side facing up. Keep the packing materials
in case you remove the card later.
5.
Hold the card along the top corners and guide it into the
connector, as shown below. (If you are installing a
full-length card, insert the front edge of the card into the
corresponding guide inside the computer’s front panel.)
installing and Removing Options
Once the connectors reach the slot, push the card in firmly
(but carefully) to insert it fully. You should feel the card fit
into place. If it does not go in smoothly, do not force it; pull
the card all the way out and try again.
6.
Secure the end of the card to the computer with the retaining
screw.
Removing an Option Card
You may need to remove an option card installed in your
computer to access components on the main system board-to
change a jumper setting, for example. You may also want to
remove a card if you no longer need it. Refer to the option card
illustration on page 3-16 and follow these steps:
1.
Remove the retaining screw securing the option card to the
computer. Then pull the card straight out of the slot.
2.
Set the card aside with the component side facing up
Removing the Option Card Connector Board
You may need to remove the option card connector board to
replace the microprocessor installed on your system board.
Follow these steps:
1.
Remove any option cards from the connector board (see the
section above).
Installing and Removing Options
3-17
2.
Remove the two retaining screws securing the option card
connector board to the back of the computer, as shown
below.
3.
Pull the board straight up and out of its socket and set it
aside.
Replacing the Option Card Connector Board
If you removed the option card connector board, follow these
steps to replace it. Refer to the option card connector board
illustration above.
3-18
Installing and Removing Options
1.
Position the board above its slot and push it straight into the
connector, as shown below.
2.
Secure the board to the back of the computer with its two
retaining screws.
3.
Re-install any option cards you removed. See page 3-14.
Adding Video Memory
Your computer comes with 512KB of video memory. You can
increase your video memory to 1MB by installing four video
DRAM, 20-pin, 70ns or 80ns, 44256 DIP (Dual Inline Package)
chips. This is useful for running graphics-intensive applications
or for supporting resolutions up to 1024 x 768 on your monitor
in 256 colors.
Installing and Removing Options
3-19
For the memory to work properly, you must install chips in the
following configuration (each bank contains two video memory
sockets).
Video memory chip configuration
1.
Locate the memory chip sockets on the main system board,
shown on page 3-5.
Bank 0 contains two chips soldered to the system board, so
you cannot add video memory in this bank. Bank 1 contains
the two filled sockets closest to the soldered chips. Bank 2 is
the two middle sockets in each set of three and Bank 3
contains the remaining two sockets.
2. If there is an option card in your way, remove it. See
page 3-17 for instructions.
Caution
To avoid generating static electricity and damaging the
memory chips, ground yourself by touching the metal
surface on the inside of the computer’s back panel. Then
remain as stationary as possible while you install them.
3.
3-20
Remove the memory chips from their package and inspect
each one. The pins should point inward at slightly less than
a 90° angle.
Installing and Removing Options
If any of the pins are bent, straighten them gently with your
fingers or with small tweezers to align them with the other
pins. Be careful when you do this; the pins are fragile and
can break off easily.
4.
Position one of the memory chips over the first empty socket
as shown below, aligning the pins on the chip with the
holes in the socket. Make sure the small notch on the end of
the chip is aligned with a similar notch on the socket.
5.
Gently press the chip halfway into the socket (to make sure
it is correctly aligned). If the chip goes in at an angle,
remove it with a chip puller or a small flat-head
screwdriver and try again,
6.
When the chip is properly positioned, push down firmly on
both ends of the chip to make sure it is well-seated.
7.
Repeat steps 4 through 6 for each of the remaining chips.
8.
Replace any option cards you removed. See page 3-14 for
instructions.
When you start your computer, it displays the video memory
briefly before it begins its memory test.
Installing and Removing Options
3-21
Installing External Cache
You can install either 32KB or 128KB of external cache on your
system. Use five DRAM, 28-pin, 8 x 8,20ns or 25ns DIP chips to
install 32KB or five 256 x 4,20ns DIP chips to install 128KB of
external cache on your system.
1.
Locate the external cache sockets on the main system board,
shown on page 3-5.
2. If there is an option card in your way, remove it. See
page 3-17 for instructions.
Caution
To avoid generating static electricity and damaging the
cache chips, ground yourself by touching the metal
surface on the inside of the computer’s back panel. Then
remain as stationary as possible while you install them.
3.
Remove the cache chips from their package and inspect
them. The pins should point inward at slightly less than a
90° angle.
If any of the pins are bent, straighten them gently with your
fingers or with small tweezers to align them with the other
pins. Be careful when you do this; the pins are fragile and
can break off easily.
3-22
Installing and Removing Options
4.
Position one of the cache chips over the first socket as shown
below, aligning the pins on the chip with the holes in the
socket. Make sure the small notch on the end of the chip is
aligned with the corresponding notch on the socket.
5.
Gently press the chip halfway into the socket (to make sure
it is correctly aligned). If the chip goes in at an angle,
remove it with a chip puller or a small flat-head
screwdriver and try again.
6.
When the chip is properly positioned, push down firmly on
both ends of the chip to make sure it is well-seated.
Repeat steps 4 through 6 for each of the remaining chips.
Change jumpers J7, JlO, Jll, J13, and J14, as described on
page 3-8, to correspond to the amount of cache you
installed.
Replace any option cards you removed. See page 3-14 for
instructions.
Installing and Removing Options
3-23
10. Run SETUP to enable the External Cache option and
check that the Shadow BIOS ROM and Shadow Video
ROM options are set to Cacheable or WP-Shadow. Make
sure you save your settings as you leave SETUP (see
Chapter 1).
When the computer restarts, it displays the amount of external
cache you have installed on the system.
Upgrading the Microprocessor
You can upgrade your computer by replacing the
microprocessor with a faster one. You can purchase upgrade
kits from Epson or buy the individual components separately.
The following table lists the components you can use to
upgrade the microprocessor in your system.
Microprocessor upgrade components
Use the table below to identify the general steps you need to
perform to upgrade your microprocessor. Then see the page
listed in the final column for instructions on performing those
steps.
3-24
Installing and Removing Options
Possible microprocessor upgrades
Installing and Removing Options
3-25
Replacing the Processor Chip
You’ll find it easier to remove your existing microprocessor if
you remove the option card connector board. Refer to page 3-17
to remove the option card connector board, then follow these
steps to replace the processor chip:
1. Use the illustration on page 3-5 to locate the microprocessor
on the system board.
Caution
Make sure you ground yourself by touching the metal
surface on the inside of the computer’s back panel before
you touch the processor chip. Then remain as stationary
as possible while you install it. Do not touch the pins on
the processor chip. Handle the microprocessor only by
the edges of its case.
2.
If you use a chip puller, position the puller between the
processor chip and the socket.
You can also use a small, flat-edged screwdriver instead of
a chip puller. Carefully wedge the tip of the screwdriver
between the processor chip and the socket. Gently turn the
screwdriver until the chip begins to separate from the
socket. Move the screwdriver to another side of the
processor chip and again turn it until the chip separates
from the socket. Keep doing this until you can lift the
processor chip straight up from the socket.
Caution
Your 486SX/25 microprocessor is soldered onto an
adapter board that is seated in the microprocessor
socket. Make sure you position your chip puller or screw
driver just above the socket to avoid damaging the
adapter board.
3-26
Installing and Removing Options
3.
Gently pull the processor chip straight up and set it aside.
4.
Remove the replacement chip from its package and inspect
the pins. If they are bent, do not install the processor chip.
Contact your vendor for a new microprocessor.
5.
Position the processor chip over the socket, aligning the
notched edge of the chip (marked with a dot) with pin 1 on
the socket, as shown below. A corresponding notch is
drawn on the circuit board under the socket.
pin1
6.
Make sure the pins in the processor chip are directly over the
holes in the socket. Then gently push the microprocessor
straight into the socket, pressing evenly on all sides.
7.
See the table on page 3-25 to see if you need to install a heat
sink, replace the oscillator, or change jumper settings for
the microprocessor you are installing. Then follow the
appropriate instructions.
Installing and Removing Options
3-27
8.
If you removed the option card connector board, see
page 3-18 for instructions on replacing it. Then replace any
option cards you removed.
lnstalling a Heat Sink
If you are installing a 486DX2/50 or a 486DX2/66 processor,
you must install an EG&G heat sink (669-52AB) on the
processor chip. Follow the instructions above to install the
processor chip. Then follow these steps to install the heat sink:
1. Set the heat sink on top of the processor chip.
2.
Place the retaining clip that came with the heat sink over
the corresponding notches in the heat sink, as shown below.
retaining clip
heat sink
microprocessor
3.
3-28
Pull the edges of the retaining clip over the processor chip
until they secure the heat sink to the processor chip. You
may have to use a small flat-head screwdriver to do this.
Installing and Removing Options
Replacing the Oscillator
If you are installing a 486SX/33, a 486DX/33, or a 486DX2/66
processor, you must replace the existing oscillator with an
Ecliptek 33 MHz oscillator (EC1100). Follow these steps to
remove the existing oscillator and replace it with the new
oscillator:
1.
Use the illustration on page 3-5 to locate the oscillator on the
system board.
2.
Use scissors or a small knife to cut the tie wrap securing the
oscillator to the system board, then discard the tie wrap.
3.
Using your fingers, pull the oscillator straight up and set it
aside.
4.
Remove the new oscillator from its package, being careful
not to touch the pins.
5.
Position the oscillator over the socket. Make sure pin 1
(identified with a dot) aligns with pin 1 on the socket. A
triangle traced on the system board identifies the side of the
socket containing pin 1.
dot (pin 1)
triangle
Installing and Removing Options
3-29
6. Gently push the oscillator into the socket.
7.
Secure the oscillator to the system board using a new tie
wrap. (If you didn’t buy an upgrade kit, you must obtain
the oscillator tie wrap separately.)
Post-installation Procedures
After you install or remove options such as memory modules
or a microprocessor, you must run SETUP to update the
computer’s configuration. See Chapter 1 for instructions.
Additionally, you may need to add some commands to your
configuration files. See your operating system manual and the
manual that came with your optional equipment.
3-30
Installing and Removing Options
Chapter 4
lnstalling and Removing Drives
This chapter describes how to install and remove optional
drives in your computer. You can use these instructions to
install a variety of devices, including hard disk drives, a
diskette drive, a tape drive, or a CD-ROM drive. Although your
drive may look different from the ones illustrated here, you
should be able to install it the same way.
Your computer can hold up to three mass storage devices. You
can install a hard disk drive in the internal hard disk drive bay.
In the upper horizontal bay, you can install a second hard disk
drive (if you have the right cable), a second diskette drive, a
tape drive, or a CD-ROM drive.
To install or remove a drive, first remove the computer’s cover
as described in Chapter 3. Then follow the instructions in this
chapter to install and remove drives:
Installing a hard disk drive in the internal drive bay
Removing a hard disk drive from the internal drive bay
Installing a drive in the upper horizontal drive bay
Removing a drive from the upper drive bay
Reconnecting drive and power cables to the diskette drive
in the lower drive bay
Post-installation procedures.
If you are installing or removing a non-Epson drive, some of
the steps in this chapter may not apply; see the documentation
that came with your drive for more information.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-1
Installing a Hard Disk Drive in the Internal Drive Bay
Your computer may have a hard disk drive already installed in
the internal drive bay. If not, you can install a l-inch high by
3½ inch wide drive in this bay.
Here you will find steps for the following procedures:
Removing the mounting frames from the hard disk drive
(if necessary)
Connecting the hard disk drive cables
Installing the hard disk drive under the mounting bracket
Installing the hard disk drive above the mounting bracket
Note
Be sure to check the jumper settings on the drive before you
install a hard disk drive. Also, you will need to know the
number of cylinders, heads, sectors, etc. to select the correct
drive type in the SETUP program. See the documentation
that came with your drive for this information.
Before you can install a hard disk drive, you need to remove
any option cards that may be blocking your access to the hard
disk drive area. Once you have installed the drive, replace any
option cards you removed. See Chapter 3 for instructions.
4-2
Installing and Removing Drives
Removing the Mounting Frames
If there are mounting frames attached to your hard disk drive,
you need to remove them before you can install the drive.
Follow these steps:
1.
On your drive, there may be a plastic guiderail and metal
grounding plate attached to one of the mounting frames. If
so, remove the screws securing them to the mounting frame
and remove the guiderail and grounding plate.
plastic guiderail
mounting frames
2.
Then remove the two screws securing each mounting frame
to the drive and remove the frames.
Connecting the Hard Disk Drive Cables
To connect the hard disk drive to the computer, you need to
connect two cables: the hard disk drive ribbon cable and a
power supply cable.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-3
The hard disk drive ribbon cable is attached to your system
board. You may need to remove it, for instance, to install a
cable that supports two hard disk drives in this system. See
“Connecting the drive cable to the system board,” below, for
instructions on reconnecting the cable to the system board.
Otherwise, see page 4-6 for instructions on connecting the
ribbon cable and power supply cable to the drive.
You should connect both the hard disk drive ribbon cable and
the power supply cable to the drive before you secure it with
the mounting bracket. You will not be able to attach them once
the bracket is in place.
Connecting the drive cable to the system board
If you need to connect the hard disk drive ribbon cable to the
system board, follow the steps below. (If the hard disk drive
ribbon cable is already attached to the system board, see
“Connecting the drive and power cables to the drive” on
page 4-6.)
1.
4-4
Locate the hard disk drive ribbon cable; it is a flat cable with
a connector on each end and an additional connector on the
ribbon cable.
InstaIIing and Removing Drives
2.
Locate the hard disk drive connector on the system board.
3.
Position one of the end connectors so that the red wire
aligns with pin 1 of the connector on the system board.
There is a “1” printed on the system board to identify pin 1.
4.
Make sure the holes in the cable connector fit over the pins
in the system board connector; then push in the cable
connector.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your system board when you push in
the cable connector.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-5
Connecting the drive and power cables to the drive
Follow the steps below to connect the hard disk drive ribbon
cable and a power supply cable to the drive:
1. Locate the free connector on the end of the hard disk drive
ribbon cable.
4-6
2.
Locate pin 1 on the drive connector. If you do not see it on
the connector casing, turn the drive over so you can see the
drive’s circuit board, as shown below. There is a “1” or “2”
printed on the board to identify the side of the connector
containing pin 1.
3.
Position the connector on the cable so that the red wire
aligns with pin 1 on the drive.
4.
Make sure the holes in the cable connector fit over all the
pins; then push in the connector.
Installing and Removing Drives
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your hard disk drive when you
push in the cable connector.
5.
Locate one of the power supply cables that lead from the
power supply. (They have multi-colored wires and a plastic
connector on the end.)
6.
Position the power supply cable connector so that its
notched corners line up with the notched corners of the
power supply connector on the hard disk drive.
7.
Make sure the holes fit over all the pins and then push in the
connector.
Caution
If you do not align the cable connector correctly, you could
severely damage your hard disk drive when you push it in.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-7
Installing the Hard Disk Below the Mounting Bracket
If you have a l-inch tall hard disk drive, you can install it below
the hard disk drive mounting bracket. Refer to the illustrations
below and follow these steps:
1.
Remove the screw securing the mounting bracket to the base
of the computer, as shown below.
2. Slide the mounting bracket toward the diskette drive bays,
as shown above, until the slots clear the tabs.
3.
4-8
Lift the mounting bracket out of the computer and set it
aside.
Installing and Removing Drives
4.
Align the hard disk drive so that the cables lead toward the
diskette drive bays and the four holes at the base of the
drive are above the four pegs, as shown below.
5.
Gently lower the drive over the pegs. When the hard disk
drive is resting on the pegs, it will not move from side to
side.
6.
Lower the mounting bracket over the hard disk drive,
making sure that the slots in the mounting bracket fit over
the tabs on the base of the computer.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-9
7.
Slide the bracket toward the side of the computer, as shown
below, until the tabs hold the bracket in place.
8.
Secure the mounting bracket with a screw on each side, as
shown above.
Installing the Hard Disk On the Mounting Bracket
You can install a hard disk drive on top of the mounting bracket
rather than under it. Refer to the illustration of the mounting
bracket on page 4-8 and the one below while following these steps:
1.
4-10
Remove the screw securing the mounting bracket to the base
of the computer and slide the mounting bracket toward the
diskette drive bays until the slots clear the tabs. (See the
illustration on page 4-8.)
Installing and Removing Drives
2.
Lift the mounting bracket out of the computer.
3.
Turn the hard disk drive over and locate the four mounting
holes on the drive.
4.
Position the bracket on the hard disk drive, aligning the
holes in the bracket with the holes on the drive.
5.
Secure the bracket to the drive with four screws.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-11
6.
Turn the drive and the mounting bracket over, then slide
the slots in the mounting bracket under the tabs at the base
of the computer until the tabs hold the bracket in place.
Note
If the drive does not fit within the internal bay, you can
move the mounting frame toward the power supply and
align only one set of the slots on the mounting bracket
with the tabs on the computer.
7.
4-12
Secure the mounting bracket with the retaining screws.
Installing and Removing Drives
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Internal
Drive Bay
To remove a hard disk drive, reverse the installation steps
outlined above. Then disconnect the hard disk drive ribbon
cable and the power supply cable from the back of the drive.
When you disconnect the cables, grasp the connectors and pull
them straight out so you do not bend the pins; do not pull on
the cables. Use the screws to again secure the hard disk drive
mounting bracket to the base of the computer.
Installing a Drive in the Upper Horizontal Drive Buy
Your system comes with a 3.5-inch diskette drive installed in
the lower horizontal drive bay. You can also install a diskette
drive, a CD-ROM, a tape drive, or a second hard disk drive in
the upper horizontal drive bay.
If you are installing a tape drive with a standard 5.25-inch
diskette drive connector, you can connect it using the diskette
drive cable that came with your system. If you install a second
hard disk drive in this bay, make sure you purchase the
appropriate cable to connect both drives to the hard disk drive
connector.
Before you install a drive in the upper drive bay, remove the
cover. Once you have the drive installed, replace the cover,
following the instructions in Chapter 3.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-13
Follow these steps to install a drive in the upper horizontal
drive bay:
1.
Remove the faceplate from the bay. Place your hand behind
the plate through the hole in the drive bay, and push the
faceplate forward, as shown below.
Keep the faceplate in a safe place in case you remove a drive
later.
2.
4-14
Remove any brackets or mounting frames from the drive.
See page 4-3 for instructions.
Installing and Removing Drives
3.
4.
Slide the drive into the bay until it is flush with the front of
the computer.
Align the slots at the side of the drive bay with the mounting
holes in the drive. Then secure both sides of the drive to the
drive bay using the retaining screws.
drive bay
Installing and Removing Drives
4-15
Connecting the Drive and Power Cables
To connect the drive to the computer, you need to connect both
the drive ribbon cable and a power supply cable. Follow the
steps below.
1. If you are installing a diskette drive, locate the diskette drive
ribbon cable. (The connector in the middle of the cable is
already connected to the system board.)
2.
If you are installing a second diskette drive or a tape drive
with a card-edge connector, one end of the cable is
connected to the bottom diskette drive. Use the other
connector on the ribbon cable to connect the drive to the
system board.
Make sure you align the key-way (the plastic divider) with
the gap in the drive connector, as shown below.
key-way
4-16
Installing and Removing Drives
If you are installing a hard disk drive in the upper
horizontal bay, make sure you use the proper hard disk
drive ribbon cable and connect the ribbon cable to the hard
disk drive connector. Also, if this is the second hard disk
drive in your system, make sure you set the jumpers on
both hard disk drives to indicate which is the master and
which is the slave drive. See the documentation that came
with your hard disk drive for instructions.
3.
Locate one of the power supply cables that lead from the
power supply. (They have multi-colored wires and a plastic
connector on the end.)
4.
Align the notched corners of the power supply cable
connector with the notched corners of the drive’s power
supply connector (such as the one shown below). Make
sure the holes fit over all the pins and then push in the
connector.
Caution
If you do not align the cable connectors correctly, you could
severely damage your drive when you push them in.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-17
If you installed a diskette drive in the upper bay, it is drive B;
the lower drive is A. However, if you want to reassign the
upper diskette drive as drive A, you can change jumpers J35
through J38. See Chapter 3 for instructions.
Removing a Drive from the Upper Drive Bay
To remove a drive from the upper drive bay, follow these steps:
1.
Remove both the ribbon cable connector and the power
cable connector from the drive.
2.
Remove the screws securing the drive.
3.
Reach behind the drive and gently push it to the front of the
bay; then pull it out of the slot.
4.
Once you have removed the drive, replace the faceplate by
inserting one side of the plate, then gently guiding the other
side into place. You will hear it snap into place.
Reconnecting the Drive and Power Cables to the
Diskette Drive in the Lower Drive Bay
If for any reason you had to disconnect the drive and power
cables from the diskette drive mounted in the lower drive bay,
refer to the illustration below while you follow these steps to
reconnect the cables:
1. Locate the pin connector on the diskette drive ribbon cable.
4-18
Installing and Removing Drives
2.
Identify pin 1 on the drive and align the connector so that
the red wire is at pin 1, as shown below.
red wire
3.
Locate the multi-colored power supply cable with the small
connector. This cable is attached to the system board rather
than the power supply.
4.
Position the power supply cable connector so that the holes
fit over all the pins. The red wire on the cable will align
with pin 1 identified at the power connector on the circuit
board of the drive.
Caution
If you do not align the cable connector correctly, you could
severely damage your hard disk drive when you push it in.
Installing and Removing Drives
4-19
Post-installation Procedures
After you install or remove your drive(s) and replace the cover
on your computer, you need to run the SETUP program to
define the correct configuration for your newly-installed drive.
See Chapter 1 for instructions.
4-20
Installing and Removing Drives
Chapter 5
Installing Video Drivers
The Utility diskettes included with your system contain
enhanced VGA (video graphics array) drivers and utilities for
your computer’s built-in VGA adapter. This chapter describes
how to install and use these drivers and utilities.
Your computer’s built-in VGA adapter is compatible with IBM
VGA. The drivers and utilities described in this chapter work
with any VGA monitor or a compatible, multifrequency
monitor that uses analog input.
Standard VGA monitors display resolutions up to 640 x 480,
and you do not need to install the drivers or utilities for your
system to operate properly with your application programs at
this resolution.
However, you need to install the appropriate drivers if you
want to use resolutions over 640 x 480 or to take advantage of
these special features when using certain application programs:
Enhanced graphic and text modes in 4,16, and 256 colors
Resolutions up to 1024 x 768
Extended text mode for 80-column text in 30, 43, and 60
rows and 132-column text with 25, 30, 43, and 60 rows.
Your computer comes with 512KB of video memory installed
on the system board. You can upgrade the video memory to
1MB by installing additional video memory chips, allowing you
to use higher resolutions in more colors. See Chapter 3 for
installation instructions.
Installing Video Drivers
5-1
This chapter describes installation procedures for these
common applications:
Lotus 1-2-3 and Symphony, version 2.x (see page 5-3)
Microsoft Windows, version 3.1 (see page 5-4)
Microsoft Word, version 5.0 (see page 5-5)
Quattro Pro, version 2.x (see page 5-6)
WordPerfect, version 5.1 (see page 5-7)
Your Utility diskettes contain VGA utilities and drivers for
additional applications. If you want to install these utilities or
an extended video driver for an application not listed above,
read the README files on your Utility diskettes. These files tell
you what additional applications are supported and describe
the VGA utilities. If your application is not listed, contact the
software manufacturer.
Installing the Drivers
The information in this guide is organized alphabetically by
application program or operating environment. To install a
particular driver, turn to the page listed above for your
application or environment.
Note
Each of the VGA drivers is designed to work with a specific
version of software. Make sure the driver you select is
compatible with the version of software you are using, or
you may get unpredictable results.
5-2
Installing Video Drivers
Lotus 1-2-3 or Symphony
If you have not yet installed Lotus 1-2-3 or Symphony, follow
the instructions in your Lotus documentation to install it. Then
follow these steps to install the drivers:
1.
Insert Utility Diskette 1 in drive A.
2.
Type A: and press Enter to log onto drive A.
3.
Copy the drivers from the Utility Diskette 1 to the Lotus or
Symphony program directory on your hard disk.
If you are installing drivers for l-2-3 to the C:\LOTUS
directory, type the following and press Enter:
SET123 C:\LOTUS
If you are installing drivers for Symphony to the
C:\SYMPHONY directory, type the following and press
Enter:
SETSYMPH
C:\SYMPHONY
4.
Log onto your Lotus program directory.
5.
Type INSTALL and press Enter to run the installation
program.
6.
From the main menu, select Advanced options and press
Enter.
7.
Thenselect Add new drivers to library and press
Enter.
8.
When the program finishes adding drivers to the library,
select Modify current driver set and press Enter.
Installing Video Drivers
5-3
9.
Select Text display to modify the text mode or
Graphics display to modify the graphics resolution.
Then press Enter.
10. Select the TVGA driver you want to install from the
displayed list and press Enter.
11. Select Return to menu and press Enter.
12. At the Installation menu, select Save changes.
13. At the prompt, type the name you want to use for the driver
set and press Enter.
14. Exit the Install program.
15. When you start 1-2-3 or Symphony, type 123 or SYMPHONY,
followed by the name of the driver set you want to use, and
then press Enter.
Microsoft Windows
If you have not yet installed Windows 3.1, follow the
instructions in your Windows documentation to install it with
the standard VGA driver. Then follow these instructions to
install the new driver:
5-4
1.
Log onto your Windows program directory.
2.
Type
3.
At the System Information screen, select Display and press
4.
From the Display menu, select Other (Requires disk
provided by hardware manufacturer 1 and press
Enter.
SETUP
and press Enter.
Enter.
Installing Video Drivers
5.
Insert the Utility Diskette 1 in drive A.
6.
Type the following path and press Enter:
A:\WIN
7.
Select the driver you want to install.
8.
Follow the instructions on the screen to finish running
SETUP.
Microsoft Word
If you have not yet installed Word 5.0, follow the instructions in
your Word documentation to install it. Then follow these
instructions to install the appropriate driver:
1.
Log onto your Word program directory.
2.
Rename the driver file SCREEN.VID to the name
SCREEN.OLD.
3.
Insert the Utility Diskette 1 in drive A.
4.
Copy the SCREEN.VID file from the diskette to your Word
program directory. Type the following command and press
Enter to copy the file:
COPY
A:\WORD\SCREEN.VID
5.
Start your Word application,
6.
Press ESC to enter a command.
7.
Press O to enter an Option command.
8. Select Display Mode.
Installing Video Drivers
5-5
9.
Press F1 to list the display modes available. Press
to see
additional drivers. Choose the display mode you want to
use.
Note
Mouse support is not available for 132-column modes.
Your Word application now uses the display mode you
selected.
Quattro Pro
If you have not yet installed your Quattro Pro application,
follow the instructions in the Quattro Pro documentation to
install it now. Then follow these steps to install the extended
VGA drivers for Quattro Pro:
1. Log onto your Quattro Pro directory.
2.
Insert the Utility Diskette 1 in drive A.
3. Type the following command and press Enter to copy the
new display drivers to your Quattro Pro directory:
COPY
A:\QPRO\VIDEO.RSC
4.
Start your Quattro Pro application.
5.
Type /O to select the Options menu.
6.
Type D to display the available display mode drivers.
7. Select Trident VGA.
8.
5-6
Select the extended text mode you want to use.
Installing Video Drivers
Your Quattro Pro application now uses the display mode you
selected.
WordPerfect
If you have not yet installed WordPerfect 5.1, follow the
instructions in your WordPerfect documentation to install it.
Then follow the instructions below to install the new drivers.
1. Log onto the WordPerfect directory on your hard disk.
2.
Insert the Utility Diskette 1 in drive A.
3.
Copy the extended text and graphics drivers from the utility
disk to your WordPerfect directory by typing:
COPY
A:\WP51\*.VRS
4.
Start your WordPerfect application.
5.
Press Shift F1 to display the Setup menu.
6.
Select Display.
7.
Select Graphics Screen Type.
8.
Choose Trident TVGA.
9.
Select one of the extended graphics drivers. Choose from
800 x 600, 16 colors; 1023 x 768,16 colors; and 786 x 1024,
16 colors.
10. NOW select Text Screen Type.
11. Choose Trident VGA.
12. Select the resolution you want for your text driver.
Installing Video Drivers
5-7
13. Select 0 to exit. Your selection is saved and used for
displaying text as well as the print preview and graphics
functions of WordPerfect.
5-8
Installing Video Drivers
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
If you have any problems as you set up and use your computer,
refer to this chapter. You can correct most problems by
adjusting a cable connection, repeating a software procedure, or
resetting the computer.
The troubleshooting suggestions in this chapter are organized
in general categories, such as “The computer will not start.”
Within each category, a more specific problem is described with
possible solutions.
If the suggestions here do not solve the problem, contact your
Epson service representative or Epson Direct.
ldentifying Your System
When you request technical assistance, be ready to provide the
serial number of your computer, its system BIOS version
number, its configuration (including the type of disk drives,
monitor, and option cards), and the names and version
numbers of any software programs you are using.
Troubleshooting 6-1
Use these guidelines to locate information about your system:
6-2
Serial number:
Look on the back panel of the
computer to see the serial number.
Video BIOS version:
Restart your system. You’ll see the
video BIOS version number
displayed on the screen when your
system performs power-on
diagnostics.
System BIOS version:
Start SETUP and display the
System Information screen to see
the system BIOS version number.
System
configuration:
Start SETUP and look at both
SETUP screens to see your system’s
configuration.
DOS version:
At the DOS prompt, type VER and
press Enter to see the DOS version
number.
Software versions:
In Windows applications, select
“About” from the Help menu. As
your software application starts, it
usually displays a version number
on the banner screen. Also, you can
check your application
documentation for a version
number.
Troubleshooting
The Computer Will Not Start
The power light is on, but the computer does not start.
Replace your main operating system diskette and turn on the
computer again.
Caution
If you turn off the computer, always wait at least 20 seconds
before turning it back on. This prevents damage to the
computer’s electrical circuitry.
The computer does not start and the power light is not lit.
Make sure the power cord is securely connected to both the AC
inlet on the back panel and an electrical outlet.
The power cord is secure/y connected, but the computer
still does not start.
Check the electrical outlet for power. Turn off your computer
and unplug the power cord. Plug a lamp into the outlet and
turn it on.
If you have an Epson-supplied 80MB, 120MB, or 170MB hard
disk drive installed, make sure you set the Shadow BIOS ROM
option to WP-Shadow or Cacheable.
Troubleshooting 6-3
You installed of removed system components, and now
your computer does not start.
Check to make sure you have reconnected all the internal and
external cables correctly.
You may have installed option cards that exceed the system’s
power requirements. Check the power requirements in
Appendix A.
If you replace the microprocessor, make sure the processor chip
and the oscillators are both installed correctly. Also make sure
pin 1 on the chip or the oscillator is connected with pin 1 on the
system board. See Chapter 3.
The Computer Does Not Respond
The computer locks up.
Wait a few moments; if your computer does not respond after a
reasonable length of time, press Ctrl Alt Del. If that doesn’t
work, press the RESET button.
You may have installed memory using SIMMs that work at the
wrong speed. Install the correct SIMMs (see Chapter 3).
You reset the computer, but if still does not respond.
Try turning the computer off, wait 20 seconds, and turn it on
again.
Your computer suddenly stops operating.
You may have overloaded the power supply limitations. See
your option card manual(s) for the power requirements for
your option card(s). Then check Appendix A to see if you have
exceeded the option slot power limits.
6-4 Troubleshooting
Keyboard Problems
The screen displays a keyboard error message when you
turn on of reset the computer.
Make sure the keyboard is securely connected to the correct
port.
Nothing happens when you type on the keyboard.
See “The Computer Does Not Respond,” above.
The cursor keys on the numeric keypad do not work
properly.
If the Num Lock light in the upper right corner of the keyboard
is lit, press NumLock to turn off the function.
If you want to change the initial settings of the num lock
function, see “Setting Keyboard Options” in Chapter 1.
Monitor Problems
There is no display on the screen.
Check that the monitor’s power switch is on and that its power
light is on.
The power light is on, but you still do not see anything on
the screen.
Check the brightness and contrast controls.
If you still do not see anything on the screen, make sure the
monitor is securely connected to the computer.
Troubleshooting 6-5
If you installed a display adapter card, make sure your monitor
and display adapter match. Also check to see if the card’s
switches or jumpers are set properly. If your display adapter
card is not VGA, make sure you have your service
representative disable the system’s built-in VGA adapter for
you.
If you are using a monochrome monitor that is not VGA
compatible, make sure you change jumper 6 on the system
board to position 2-3 (see Chapter 2) and select MONO for the
Video Card option in SETUP (see Chapter 1).
If you are running an application program, see if you need to
set up the program for the type of monitor and display adapter
you have. Also make sure you are using the appropriate
monitor and display adapter for your software.
Note
If your application program requires a monitor that supports
graphics but you have a non-VGA monochrome monitor,
the results will be unpredictable.
The power switch is on but the power light is not on.
Turn off the monitor’s power, wait five seconds, and turn it
back on.
If the light still does not come on, check the electrical outlet for
power. Turn off your monitor and unplug it from the outlet.
Then plug a lamp into the wall outlet and turn it on. If the light
turns on, your monitor may be faulty.
6-6 Troubleshooting
Diskette Problems
You see a diskette error
message.
Reinsert the diskette, making sure you insert it all the way. If
the drive has a latch, turn it down to secure the diskette.
Also, check to see that you have inserted the right type of
diskette in the drive. For example, make sure you are not
inserting a high-density diskette in a double-density drive.
Reinserting the diskette does not solve the problem.
Insert the diskette in another diskette drive of the same type. If
you can read the diskette in a different drive, your drive may
be faulty.
The diskette is the right type, but you still see an error.
Check that the diskette is not write-protected, preventing the
drive from writing to the diskette.
Make sure the diskette is formatted. See your operating system
documentation for instructions on formatting diskettes.
You may have a defective diskette. Try copying the files from
the bad diskette to a new diskette.
Something is
wrong with the data in the files.
If you are using DOS, use CHKDSK to repair the files. You may
also be able to use special utilities or diagnostics to solve this
problem.
Troubleshooting 6-7
Diskette Drive Problems
A newly-installed diskette drive is not working properly.
Make sure you have installed the drive correctly and check all
the cable connections.
You see a diskette drive error when you start your computer.
Run the SETUP program and configure your system for the
correct type of diskette drive.
The diskette drive is making loud or unusual noises.
Contact your service representative or Epson Direct.
Hard Disk Drive Problems
A newly-installed hard disk drive is not working properly.
Make sure you have installed the drive correctly and check all
cable connections. Also, check the jumper settings on your
drive.
You see a hard disk drive error when you start your system.
Run SETUP and update your system configuration for the hard
disk drive. Make sure you selected the correct drive type.
Make sure the jumpers on the system board are set correctly.
See Chapter 3 for jumper information.
6-8
Troubleshooting
You are unable to store data on the hard disk drive.
Make sure you have partitioned and formatted the drive
correctly for your operating system. Use the procedures
provided in your operating system manual.
Also, make sure your hard disk drive has been physically
formatted by the manufacturer. (All Epson-supplied drives are
physically formatted at the factory.) If it has not been physically
formatted, use the format utility that came with the drive to
format it.
Note that a physical format is different from software-based
formatting commands, such as the DOS FORMAT command.
You have been using your hard disk drive successfully for
some time but notice a reduction in performance.
The data on the disk may have become fragmented. Back up all
your data and use a disk compaction utility to reorganize the
files on your disk.
If you cannot access data on your hard disk or you are seeing
read/write errors, the disk may have a physical problem.
Contact your service representative or Epson Direct.
Password Problems
You have forgotten your password.
As your system performs its power-on diagnostics, it displays a
part number, prefaced by the letters “P/N” after the SEIKO
EPSON CORP heading. Enter the first six digits of this number
at the password prompt. You see the message, OK!, followed
by the operating system prompt. The password option within
the SETUP program is now set to Not s e t .
Troubleshooting 6-9
Software Problems
The
application program does not start.
Check that you are following the correct procedure for starting
the program and that it is installed correctly. If you do not have
a hard disk, make sure the correct diskette is in the diskette
drive. If you need help, contact your software manufacturer.
The application program is having trouble reading a key
disk.
You may be running an application that requires a slower
processor speed. See Chapter 2 for information on changing the
processor speed.
Your application has locked the computer, making if
unresponsive to keyboard commands.
Reset the computer and try again. If resetting the computer
does not help, turn it off, wait 20 seconds, then turn it on again.
Some software, like OS/2, Unix, or NetWare 3.11, needs a
minimum of 4MB to 8MB of RAM to work correctly. Check
your software documentation for the minimum memory
requirements. If necessary, add additional memory using the
instructions in Chapter 3.
Printer Problems
The printer does not work
at all.
Check that the printer has power and is properly connected to
the computer. Also make sure your printer has paper in it.
6-10 Troubleshooting
The printer prints garbled information.
Check the printer manual for the printer’s correct DIP switch or
control panel settings.
Also, make sure you have the proper drivers installed for your
printer and make sure you’ve selected the correct printer
within your software application.
Option Card Problems
A newly installed option card is not working correctly.
Make sure the option card is installed correctly and is
well-seated in its slot. Run the SETUP program to update your
computer’s configuration after you install the card. Also,
perform setup procedures for any software you are using with
the option card.
See the documentation that came with the option card to set
any necessary DIP switches or jumpers on the card.
The computer may also have some jumpers that must be set for
the option card to work properly. See Chapter 3 for system
jumper information.
Your system may need to operate at the slower processor speed
to access the device. Try reducing the processor speed (see
Chapter 2).
You may have inserted an older option card that works at
-5 volts. Make sure you install option cards that meet the
system’s power requirements.
Troubleshooting
6-11
An external device connected to the option curd is not
working correctly.
Make sure you are using the proper cable to connect the device
to the card.
Memory Module Problems
The memory count displayed by the power-on diagnostics
program is incorrect.
You may have installed the SIMMs incorrectly. They may be
the wrong type or speed, or they may not be inserted all the
way. See Chapter 3 for information on installing SIMMs.
Mouse Problems
Your mouse isn’t working properly or you see an auxiliary
device error message.
Make sure the mouse cable is securely connected to one of the
serial ports. Also make sure you installed the mouse driver
correctly and selected the right settings for the serial ports in
the SETUP programs. See the documentation that came with
your mouse and Chapter 1 for instructions.
6-12
Troubleshooting
Controller Problems
You see a controller error for the hard disk drive controller
or the I/O port controllers when you start your system.
The indicated controller on your system board may be faulty.
If you have an option card with a controller that will work with
your device, you can install it and change the jumper settings
on the system board to disable the built-in controller. You can
then continue to use your system until it is convenient for you
to have it serviced.
External Cache Problems
The cache displayed by the power-on
is incorrect.
diagnostics program
You may have installed the external cache chips incorrectly.
They may be the wrong type, or they may not be inserted all
the way.
Also, you may not have changed your SETUP program to
recognize the new cache. Make sure you have set the
External Cache option to Enable and set both the
Shadow BIOS ROM and the Shadow Video ROM options to
Cacheable or WP-Shadow.
See Chapter 3 for information on installing external cache and
Chapter 1 for instructions for using the SETUP program.
Troubleshooting
6-13
Appendix A
Specifications
CPU and Memory
32-bit CPU
Intel 80486SX/25 microprocessor;
upgradable to 486SX/33, 486DX/33,
486DX2/50, or 486DX2/66
System speed
Fast and slow speeds available; fast speed
is 25 MHz or the speed of your upgraded
microprocessor, slow speed is 8 MHz;
speed selection through SETUP program
and keyboard commands
Memory
4MB RAM standard on a SIMM;
expandable to 32MB using 1MB, 4MB,
8MB, and 16MB SIMMs; SIMMs must be
tin-plated, 72-pin, 36-bit, fast-page mode
type with 70ns or faster access speed
ROM
512KB system BIOS, video BIOS, and
SETUP code located in EPROM on main
system board
Video RAM
512KB DRAM on main system board;
expandable to 1MB using 70ns or 80ns
44256 DIP chips
Shadow RAM
Supports shadowing of system and video
BIOS ROM into RAM
Cache
8KB of internal cache (built into the
microprocessor); supports 32KB or 128KB
of external cache using 28-pin, 8 x 8,20ns
or 25ns DIP chips or 28-pin, 256 x 4,20ns
DIP chips
Specifications A-l
Clock/
calendar
Real-time clock, calendar, and CMOS
RAM socketed on main system board with
built-in battery backup
Controllers
Video
Trident VGA controller on main system
board; provides resolutions up to
1024 x 768 in 256 colors
Diskette
Controller on main system board supports
up to two diskette drives or one diskette
drive and one tape drive
Hard disk
Interface on main system board supports
up to two IDE hard disk drives with
built-in controllers
lnterfaces
Monitor
VGA interface built into system board;
15-pin, D-shell connector
Parallel
One standard 8-bit parallel, uni-directional
interface built into main system board;
25-pin, D-shell connector
Serial
Two RS-232C, programmable,
asynchronous interfaces built into main
system board; 9-pin, D-shell connectors
Game
One 15-pin, D-shell connector
Keyboard
PS/2 compatible keyboard interface built
into main system board; num lock setting
selectable through SETUP; 6-pin, mini DIN
connector
A-2 Specifications
Option slots
Three 16-bit, full-length and two 8-bit,
half-length I/O expansion slots, ISA
compatible, 8 MHz bus speed
Speaker
Internal
Muss
storage
Diskette drives
Two 3 ½ inch wide, third-height drives
(one internal mount) and one 5 ¼ inch
wide, half-height drive
Your system supports the following
diskette drives:
3.5-inch diskette drive, 1.44MB
(high-density) storage capacity
5.25-inch diskette drive, 1.2MB
(high-density) storage capacity
3.5-inch diskette drive, 720KB
(double-density) storage capacity
5.25-inch diskette drive, 360KB
(double-density) storage capacity
Hard disk
3½-inch form factor hard disk drive(s), up
to half-height size; the first mounted
internally, and the second mounted in the
horizontal drive bay
Other devices
Half-height tape drive, CD-ROM, or other
storage device; 5¼-inch or 3½ inch with
mounting frames
drives
Specifications A-3
Physical Characteristics
Width
15.6 inches (396 mm)
Depth
14.5 inches (368 mm)
Height
4.1 inches (104 mm)
Weight
15 lb (6.8 kg), without drives or keyboard
Power Supply
Type
input ranges
65 Watt, fan-cooled
90 to 260 VAC
outputs
Maximum
+5 VDC at 7.5 Amps, +12 VDC at
2.0 Amps, -12 VDC at 0.3 Amps
Frequency
47 to 63 Hz
Option Slot Power Limits (Total)
A-4 Specifications
Environmental Requirements
Tested Operating Environments
Although your system will run most software applications,
the following operating environments have been tested for
compatibility with your system. As new environments become
available, these also will be tested.
MS-DOS 3.3 through 6.0
DR DOS 6.0
Novell NetWare 3.11*
Novell NetWare 2.2*
Novell NetWare Lite l.l**
OS/2 2.0
SCO Unix 3.2.4
SCO Xenix 2.3.4
SCO Open Desktop 2.0
Windows 3.1
Windows for WorkGroup 1 .O
* Workstation only
** File server and workstation
t
Do not use a user-defined hard disk drive type with this operating
environment.
Your system has also received Novell’s “Yes, NetWare tested
and approved” certification as a workstation.
Specifications A-5
Available Options
The following list represents only a few of the options
supported for this product. Call your nearest marketing location
or Epson Direct for more information on specific options.
A-6 Specifications
Specifications A-7
A-8
Specifications
Index
A
AC power inlet, 1-4, 1-6, 6-3
Addresses, memory, 1-11, 1-20
Air circulation, 1-21
Altitude, A-5
Analog
connector, 1-4
VGA input, 5-1
Application program
copy protected, 2-5
display problems, 6-6
exiting, 1-21, 2-3
loading automatically, 1-8
problems, 6-10
requiring slow speed, 1-18, 2-5
stopping, 2-2
timing requirements, 2-5
VGA drivers, 5-l-8
B
Back panel, 3-2
Banks
SIMM socket, 3-10
video memory, 3-20
Base memory, l-16
Battery, 1-9, A-2
Bay
diskette drive, l-7, 3-5
internal hard disk drive, 4-l
upper horizontal, 4-l
Bezel, 3-4
BIOS, Intro fsl-2, 1-9,1-11,1-16, A-l
Boot sequence, 1-18
Booting system, l-10,1-16,1-20
Brackets, 4-14
Brightness, l-8,6-5
Button
diskette release, 2-2
power, 1-7
RESET, 1-7, 2-3
C
Cable
adjusting connection, 6-1
diskette drive, 4-16-19, 6-B
hard disk drive, 4-3-7, 4-13, 4-17
key-way connector, 4-16
keyboard, 1-3
modem, 1-6
monitor, 1-4
mouse, 1-6
power supply, 4-3, 4-6-7, 4-16-18
printer, 1-5
reconnecting, 6-4
red wire, 4-6, 4-17
serial device, 1-6
Cache
enabling, 1-19
installing, 3-22-24
internal, Intro-1, A-1
jumpers, 3-8, 3-23
location, 3-5
problems with, 6-13
setting in SETUP, 3-24
socket, 3-5, 3-22
upgrades, Intro-3
Calendar, A-2
Card
display adapter, 1-4, 1-16
modem, Introoption, see Option cards
problems, 6-11
protective, 1-8
video, 1-4, 1-16
Card-edge connector, 4-16
CD-ROM, Intro-3, 4-1, 4-13
Index
1
CGA (color graphics adapter), 1-17
Chassis, 3-4
Checking system memory, 1-16
CHKDSK command, 6-7
Choosing a location, 1-1
Clock, real-time, 1-11, A-2
CMOS RAM, 1-9, A-2
Command prompt, 1-8, 1-10, 1-20
Compatibility, VGA driver, 5-2
Computer problems, 6-3
Configuration
changing, 1-9-10, 1-20
drive, 4-20
files, 3-30
SIMM, 1-16, 3-10-11
system, 6-1
Connecting
keyboard, 1-3
modem, 1-6
monitor, 1-4
mouse, 1-3,1-6
power cords, 1-5-7, 3-2, 3-4
printer, 1-5
Connector
analog, 1-4
card-edge, 4-16
hard disk drive, 4-5-7, 4-13
header, 4-16
keyboard, 1-3
monitor, 1-4
power supply cable, 4-17
printer, 1-5
serial device, 1-6
Connector board, option card, see
Option card connector board
Contrast, 1-8, 6-5
Control codes
CTRL ALT +, 2-5
CTRL ALT -, 2-5
CTRL ALT DEL, 2-3, 6-4
CTRL ALT S, 1-10
CTRL BREAK, 2-2
CTRL C, 2-2
2
Index
Control panel settings, 6-11
Controller
diskette drive, A-2
hard disk drive, A-2
parallel port, A-2
problems, 6-13
VGA, Intro-2, A-2
Conventional memory, 1-16
Coprocessor, math, Intro-3, 1-11
Cover
removing, 3-3
replacing, 3-4
CPU
jumpers, 3-8
replacing, 3-26-27
specifications, A-1
speed, 1-18
type, 1-11
upgrading, Intro-2, 3-24-25
CTRL ALT +, 2-5
CTRL ALT -, 2-5
CTRL ALT DEL, 2-3, 6-4
CTRL ALT S, 1-10
CTRL BREAK, 2-2
CTRL C, 2-2
Cursor, 1-10, 1-17, 6-5
Cylinder value, 1-15
D
Date, setting, 1-11
Daylight savings, 1-11
DB-9P connector, 1-6
Default settings, 1-20
Depth, A-4
Diagnostics, power-on, 1-8, 6-12
DIP switches, 6-11
Disk compaction utility, 6-9
Disk drive light, 1-7, 2-2
Diskette
defective, 6-7
formatted, 6-7
inserting, 2-1
key, 2-5, 6-10
Diskette
label, 2-1-2
problems, 6-7
removing, 1-21, 2-1
type, 6-7
write-protected, 6-7
Diskette drive
assignment jumpers, 1-12, 3-8, 4-18
bay, 1-7, 3-5
cable, 4-16-19, 6-8
caution, 4-17
configuration through SETUP,
4-20, 6-B
controller, A-2
errors, 6-8
faulty, 6-7
installing, 4-1-20
jumpers, 3-8, 4-18
latch, 2-2, 6-7
light, 2-2
power cable, 4-16-18, 6-g
problems, 6-8
protective card, 1-8
reassigning drive A, 1-12, 3-8, 4-18
release button, 2-2
removing, 4-18
ribbon cable, 4-16, 4-18, 6-g
type, 4-2
upper horizontal bay, 4-1
Display
modes, 5-6
option, 1-16
Display adapter
connecting, 1-4
defining, 1-16
jumper settings, 6-6
DOS, 1-16
DRAM video chips
installing, 3-19
type, 3-19, A-1
Drivers
printer, 6-11
video (VGA), Intro-2, 1-21 , 5-1-8
Drives, see Hard disk drive or
diskette drive
E
EGA (enhanced graphics adapter),
1-17
EGA/VGA, 1-16
Electric shock, 1-6,3-3
Electrical
circuitry, 1-7, 6-3
outlet, 1-5-6,6-3
Electromagnetic interference, 1-2
Environmental
conditions, 1-1
requirements, A-5
Epson Connection, Intro-4
Epson Direct, Intro-4
Errors
diskette drive, 6-8
hard disk drive, 6-8
keyboard, 6-5
operating system, 1-8
read/write, 6-9
Exit menu, SETUP, 1-20
Extended
memory, 1-16
text mode, 5-1, 5-6
VGA, Intro-2, 1-21
video drivers, 5-2
External cache, see Cache
External device problems, 6-12
F
Faceplate, removing, 4-14
Factory default settings, 1-20
Fast processor speed, 1-18, 2-5, A-1
Files, repairing, 6-7
Index
3
Formatting
diskettes, 6-7
hard disk drive, 6-9
Four-pin jumper, 3-9
Frequency, power supply, A-4
Full-length option slots, A-3
Function keys, SETUP, 1-10
G
Game port, Intro-1, A-2
Game port jumpers, 3-7
Grounding plate, 4-3
Grounding yourself, 3-3, 3-20 , 3-26
Guiderail, 4-3
H
Half-length option slots, A-3
Hard disk drive
bays, 3-5
cable, 4-3-7, 4-13,4-17
caution, 4-7
circuit board, 4-6
configuration through SETUP, 4-20
connecting cables, 4-3-4, 4-6
connector, 4-5-7, 4-13
controller, A-2
cylinder value, 1-15
Epson-supplied, 1-12, 1-15
errors, 6-8
formatting, 6-9
grounding plate, 4-3
guiderail, 4-3
installing, Intro-3, 4-1-20
internal bay, 4-1
jumpers, 4-2, 4-17, 6-8
light, 1-7
master, 4-17
mounting bracket, 4-2, 4-4, 4-8, 4-10
mounting frames, 4-2-3
mounting holes, 4-11, 4-15
number, 1-12
parameters, 1-15
4
Index
Hard disk drive
physical format, 6-9
power cable, 4-2-3, 4-6-7, 4-13, 4-17
problems, 6-8
removing, 4-13, 4-18
ribbon cable, 4-24, 4-6, 4-13,
4-16-17
setting, 1-12
slave, 4-17
type, 1-12-14, 4-2
upper bay, 4-1
user-defined type, 1-14
Heat sink installation, 3-28
Height, A-4
Help screen, SETUP, 1-10
Help, where to get, Intro-4
Humidity, A-5
I
I/O
expansion slots, A-3
problems, 6-13
IDE controller, A-2
Indicator light
diskette drive, 2-2
monitor, 6-6
power, 6-3, 6-5
speed, 1-7,2-5
TURBO, 1-7,2-5
Inlet, AC power, 1-4,1-6,6-3
Input ranges, power supply, A-4
Installing operating system, 1-8,
1-21
Interference, electromagnetic, 1-2
Interlaced monitor, Intro-2
Internal bay, 4-1
Internal cache, Intro-1, A-1
Internal components, 3-5
International marketing locations,
Intro-4
J
L
Jumpers
cache, 3-8, 3-23
changing settings, 3-6, 3-9
CPU, 3-8
diskette drive assignment, 1-12,
3-8, 4-18
display adapter, 6-6
four-pin, 3-9
game port, 3-7
hard disk drive, 4-2, 4-17, 6-8
location, 3-5
main system board, 3-5, 3-7
option card(s), 3-14, 3-16, 6-11
port settings, 3-7
processor type settings, 3-8
reassigning diskette drive, 1-12,
3-8, 4-18
three-pin, 3-9
two-pin, 3-9
video card, 3-14, 6-6
LAN card, Intro-1
Location, choosing, 1-1
Lotus 1-2-3 drivers, 5-3
Low-level format, 6-9
K
K/B, 1-3
Key disk, 2-5, 6-10
Key-way, 4-16
Keyboard
checking connections, 6-5
connecting, 1-3
errors, 6-5
num lock, 1-17, 6-5
option, 1-17
port, Intro-1, 1-3, A-2
problems, 6-5
processor speed command, 2-5, A-1
PS/2 compatible, Intro-1, A-2
reconnecting, 3-4
Keypad, numeric, 1-17, 2-5,6-5
Keys, SETUP function, 1-10
M
Main system board, see System
board
Mass storage, Intro-1, Intro-3, 4-1,
A-3
Master hard disk drive, 4-17
Math coprocessor, Intro-3, 1-11
MDA (monochrome display
adapter), 1-17
Memory
addresses, 1-11,1-20
base, 1-16
cache, Intro-1, Intro-3, 3-22-24, A-1
clearing, 2-3
CMOS RAM, 1-9, A-2
conventional, 1-16
count, 1-8
extended, 1-16
installing, Intro-3, 3-10
insufficient, 6-10
modules, see SIMMs
problems, 6-12
RAM, Intro-1, 1-16, A-1
remapping option, 1-19
removing, 3-13
reserved, 1-11
ROM, 1-9, 1-11, 1-19, A-1
SIMMs, see SIMMs
size, 1-16
standard, A-1
system, Intro-1, Intro-3, 1-16, A-1
video, see Video memory
Messages, error, 1-8, 6-5, 6-7-9, 6-13
Metal shutter, 2-1
MGA (multi-mode graphics
adapter), 1-17
Microprocessor, see CPU
Index
5
Modem, Intro-1, 1-6
Monitor
assigning type, 1-17
brightness, 1-8,6-5
cables, 1-34
connecting, 1-4
contrast, 1-8,6-5
monochrome, 1-17,6-6
multifrequency, 1-4,5-1
power cord, 1-4,6-6
power switch, 6-6
problems, 6-5
reconnecting, 3-4
turning off, 1-21,3-2
turning on, 1-8
VGA port, Intro-1, 1-4,1-16
Mounting bracket
identifying, 4-2
installing hard disk drive, 4-8, 4-10
securing, 4-4,4-10
slots, 4-8
Mounting frames, removing, 4-2-3
Mounting holes, 4-11, 4-15
Mouse, 1-3,1-6
Multifrequency monitor, 1-4,5-1
N
NetWare 286, 1-16
Non-interlaced monitor, Intro-2
Non-operating range, A-5
Num lock, 1-17,6-5
Numeric coprocessor, Intro-3, 1-11
Numeric keypad, 1-17,2-5,6-5
O
Operating procedures, Intro-4
Operating range, A-5
Operating sys tern
diskette, 2-3, 6-3
errors, 1-8
installing, 1-8,1-21
prompt, 1-8,1-10,1-20
reloading, 2-3
6
Index
Option card connector board
locating, 3-5
removing, 3-17-18
replacing, 3-18-19
Option cards
B-bit, Intro-1
16-bit, Intro-1
connector board, 3-5
connectors, 3-16
DIP switches, 6-11
guides, 3-16
installing, Intro-2, Intro-4,3-14
jumpers, 3-14,3-16,6-11
power requirements, 3-14,6-11
problems, 6-11
removing, 3-9,3-17
Option ROMs, 1-11
Option slots
cover, 3-14
length, Intro-1, A-3
power limits, 3-14,6-4, A-4
Optional equipment, 1-2,3-1
Oscillator replacement, 3-29-30
Outlet, electrical, 1-5-6,6-3
P
Parallel port
controller, A-2
jumpers, 3-7
Password
deleting, 1-18
option, Intro-1
problems, 6-9
setting, 1-18
using, 2-4
Pause key, 2-2
Physical format, 6-9
Port
additional, Intro-1
game, Intro-1, A-2
jumper settings, 3-7
keyboard, Intro-1, 1-3, A-2
location, 1-3
Port
parallel, Intro-1, 1-5, 3-7, A-2
RS-232C, 1-6, A-2
serial, Intro-1, l-3-5,3-7, A-2
VGA, Intro-1, l-4, 1-16
Post-installation procedures, 3-30
Power
button, l-8
inlet, AC, l-4, 1-6, 6-3
light, 6-3, 6-5
monitor switch, 6-5-6
Power cable
computer, l-5, l-7, 3-2, 3-4
diskette drive, 4-16-18, 6-8
hard disk drive, 4-2-3, 4-6-7, 4-13,
4-17
monitor, 1-4, 6-6
Power cord, 1-5-7, 3-2, 3-4
Power requirements
monitor, 1-5
option cards, 3-14, 6-11
Power supply
cables, 4-3, 4-6-7, 4-16-18
frequency, A-4
input ranges, A-4
limitations, 3-14, 6-4
location, 3-5
maximum outputs, A4
removing, 3-14
type, A-4
Power-on diagnostics, l-8, 6-12
Printer
cable, 1-5
connecting, 1-5
drivers, 6-11
problems, 6-10
reconnecting, 3-4
turning off, 1-21, 3-2
turning on, 1-8
Processor, see CPU
Processor speed
changing, 2-5-6, A-1
fast, 1-18, 2-5-6, A-1
keyboard command, 2-5-6
problems, 6-10
SETUP, 1-18, 2-6
slow, 1-18, 2-5-6, 6-10-11, A-1
Prompt, 1-8, 1-10, 1-20
Q
Quattro Pro drivers, 5-6
R
RAM, Intro-1, Intro-3, 1-16, A-1
RAM, CMOS, 1-9, A-2
RAM, shadow, Intro-1-2, A-1
Read/write
errors, 6-9
slot, 2-2
Real-time clock, 1-11, A-2
Red wire, 4-6, 4-17
Remap memory option, 1-19
Repairing files, 6-7
Reserved memory, 1-11
RESET button, 1-7, 2-3
Resetting the computer, Intro-4,
1-17, 2-3, 6-1
Resolutions, Intro-2, 5-1-8, A-2
Ribbon cable
card-edge connector, 4-16
diskette drive, 4-16, 4-18, 6-8
hard disk drive, 4-24, 4-6, 4-13,
4-16-17
ROM, 1-9, 1-11, 1-19, A-1
RS-232C ports, 1-6, A-2
S
Safety precautions, 1-7, 3-1
Screws, 1-4-5, 3-2, 4-10-11
Serial number, 6-1
Index
7
Serial port
connecting, 1-3-5
controller, A-2
description, Intro-1
jumpers, 3-7
Settings, clearing, 2-3
SETUP
assigning drive type, 4-2
booting sequence, 1-18
changing processor speed, 1-18,
2-6, A-1
changing values, 1-11
date and time function, 1-11
drive configuration, 4-20
enabling cache, 1-19
exit menu, 1-20
factory default settings, 1-20
function keys, 1-10
help screen, 1-10
num lock function, 1-17, 6-5
password option, 1-18
processor speed, 1-18, 2-6, A-1
saving settings, 1-20
shadow options, 1-19-20
starting, 1-10
system information, 1-11
video card option, 1-16
Shadow
BIOS ROM, 1-19
options, 1-19-20
RAM, Intro-1-2, A-l
video ROM, 1-19
SIMMs
banks, 3-10
configuration, 1-16, 3-10-11
incorrect type, 6-4
installing, Intro-3, 3-10
location, 3-5
positioning, 3-12
removing, 3-13
sockets, 3-5, 3-10-13
type, 3-11, A-1
8
Index
Slave hard disk drive, 4-17
Slot cover, 3-14
Slots, option, see Option slots
Slow processor speed, 1-18, 2-5,
6-10-11, A-1
Sockets
cache, 3-5,3-22
microprocessor, 3-5, 3-26
SIMM, 3-5, 3-10-13
video, 3-5, 3-20-21
Software
installing, 1-21
problems, 6-10
version, 6-2
Speaker, A-3
Specifications, Intro-4, A-1-8
Speed, see Processor speed
Speed light, 2-5
Static electricity, 1-1
Stopping a command or program,
2-2
Storage devices, Intro-1, Intro-3
Symphony drivers, 5-3
System
BIOS, 6-1, A-1
board, 3-5, 3-7, 3-10, 3-14, 3-20, 4-5
configuration, 6-1
identifying, 6-1
information, 1-11
memory, 1-16
specifications, A-1-8
T
Tape drive, Intro-3, 4-1, 4-13
Temperature, A-5
Three-pin jumper, 3-9
Time, setting, 1-11
Timing requirements, 2-5
Trident, 5-6-7, A-2
Troubleshooting, Intro-4, 6-1-14
TURBO light, 1-7, 2-5
Turning off computer, 1-21, 3-2
Turning on computer, 1-7
TVGA, 5-4, 5-7
Two-pin jumper, 3-9
U
Upgrading the processor, Intro-2
User-defined drive type, 1-14
Utility
disk compaction, 6-9
diskettes, 5-1
VGA, Intro-2, 5-1-2
V
VGA
controller, Intro-2, A-2
diskettes, 5-1
driver compatibility, 5-2
drivers, Intro-4, 1-21, 5-l-8
IBM, 5-1
interface, A-2
Lotus 1-2-3 drivers, 5-3
port, Intro-1, 1-4, 1-16
Quattro Pro drivers, 5-6
standard, 5-1
Symphony drivers, 5-3
utilities, Intro-2, 5-1-2
Windows drivers, 5-4
Word drivers, 5-5
WordPerfect drivers, 5-7
Video
BIOS, A-l
card jumpers, 6-6
card option, 1-16
chips, 3-19, A-1
controller, A-2
display type, 1-16
drivers, installing, 1-21, 5-1-8
jumper settings on card, 6-6
modes, 5-1
resolutions, Intro-2, 5-l-8, A-Z
ROM, 1-19
sockets, 3-5, 3-20-21
Video memory
adding, 3-19
configuration, 3-20
displaying, 3-21
on system board, 5-1
sockets, 3-5, 3-20-21
type, 3-19, A-1
W
Weight, A-4
Width, A-4
Windows drivers, 5-4
Word drivers, 5-5
WordPerfect drivers, 5-7
Write-protection, 6-7
Index
9
400235000
Download PDF

advertising