Test Equipment Solutions Datasheet

Test Equipment Solutions Datasheet
Test Equipment Solutions Datasheet
Test Equipment Solutions Ltd specialise in the second user sale, rental and distribution of
quality test & measurement (T&M) equipment. We stock all major equipment types such as
spectrum analyzers, signal generators, oscilloscopes, power meters, logic analysers etc from
all the major suppliers such as Agilent, Tektronix, Anritsu and Rohde & Schwarz.
We are focused at the professional end of the marketplace, primarily working with customers
for whom high performance, quality and service are key, whilst realising the cost savings that
second user equipment offers. As such, we fully test & refurbish equipment in our in-house,
traceable Lab. Items are supplied with manuals, accessories and typically a full no-quibble 2
year warranty. Our staff have extensive backgrounds in T&M, totalling over 150 years of
combined experience, which enables us to deliver industry-leading service and support. We
endeavour to be customer focused in every way right down to the detail, such as offering free
delivery on sales, covering the cost of warranty returns BOTH ways (plus supplying a loan
unit, if available) and supplying a free business tool with every order.
As well as the headline benefit of cost saving, second user offers shorter lead times, higher
reliability and multivendor solutions. Rental, of course, is ideal for shorter term needs and
offers fast delivery, flexibility, try-before-you-buy, zero capital expenditure, lower risk and off
balance sheet accounting. Both second user and rental improve the key business measure of
Return On Capital Employed.
We are based near Heathrow Airport in the UK from where we supply test equipment
worldwide. Our facility incorporates Sales, Support, Admin, Logistics and our own in-house
Lab.
All products supplied by Test Equipment Solutions include:
- No-quibble parts & labour warranty (we provide transport for UK mainland addresses).
- Free loan equipment during warranty repair, if available.
- Full electrical, mechanical and safety refurbishment in our in-house Lab.
- Certificate of Conformance (calibration available on request).
- Manuals and accessories required for normal operation.
- Free insured delivery to your UK mainland address (sales).
- Support from our team of seasoned Test & Measurement engineers.
- ISO9001 quality assurance.
Test equipment Solutions Ltd
Unit 8 Elder Way
Waterside Drive
Langley
Berkshire
SL3 6EP
T: +44 (0)1753 596000
F: +44 (0)1753 596001
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.TestEquipmentHQ.com
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Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
T h e solution for the budget-conscious
◆ For all interfaces:
analog, digital and combined
◆ Real dual-channel measurements
◆ Maximum dynamic range
◆ FFT analysis
◆ Jitter analysis
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Interface tester
Freely programmable filters
Versatile functions
Compact unit with integrated PC
Automatic test sequences
Extensive online help
New options:
◆ 3G Mobile Phone Test (R&S UPL-B9)
◆ LAN Interface (R&S UPL-B11)
◆ Coded Audio Signal Generation
(R&S UPL-B23)
Audio analysis today and tomorrow
Analog and digital
Audio signal processing without digital
technology is no longer conceivable. Yet,
analog technology is still present and
constantly being improved. State-of-theart measuring instruments must therefore be able to handle both analog and
digital signal processing.
The Audio Analyzer R&S UPL performs virtually every type of analog measurement:
frequency response measurements; externally controlled sweeps with reference
traces; determination of 3rd order difference frequency distortion; or spectral display of demodulated wow and flutter
signals. In contrast to many other audio
analyzers, the R&S UPL can perform real
dual-channel measurements in the audiofrequency range, i.e. there is no need for
2
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
switchover between two inputs and this
type of measurement is not limited to a
few special cases.
The generator is equally versatile:
it supplies any conceivable signal whether
sinewave, noise signals, or multi-sinewave
signals comprising up to 7400 frequencies.
In addition, the R&S UPL features excellent technical data: analog sinewave generation with harmonics of typ. −120 dB;
spectrum displays with a noise floor
below −140 dB for analog and −160 dB
for digital interfaces; and FFT with a maximum frequency resolution of 0.05 Hz.
The R&S UPL provides signal monitoring
via loudspeaker, jitter measurements on
digital audio signals, resynchronization of
jittered digital audio signals by means of a
jitter-free clock signal, and much more.
Superior analysis concept
The R&S UPL performs all measurements
using digital signal processing. Analog signals to be tested undergo elaborate preprocessing before they are digitized and
measured by means of digital routines. For
example, in THD measurements, the fundamental is attenuated by means of a
notch filter and the residual signal amplified by 30 dB before it is digitized. In this
way, the dynamic range can be extended
beyond that offered by the internal 20-bit
converter. This provides sufficient margin
for measuring converters of the future,
which will be more advanced than those
with present-day technology (see graph on
the right). This concept ensures performance and flexibility by far superior to
instruments providing purely analog or
digital measurements.
It also offers many other advantages over
analog technology alone:
◆ The test routines for analog and digital interfaces are identical. This allows, for example, the direct comparison of IMD measurements made
ahead of and after a converter.
Performance
Purely
digital
measurements
◆ In intermodulation measurements,
spurious components are measured
selectively for all frequencies in accordance with the mathematical formulae of the applicable test standards.
This procedure prevents the inclusion
of adjacent components in the measurements, which is usually inevitable
with analog test methods.
Digital
analysis
and analog
preprocessing
Purely
analog
measurements
A future-proof investment
No one can accurately predict the effects
that future developments in digital technology will have on the audio world and
the resulting test requirements. Yet this is
not a problem for the Audio Analyzer R&S
UPL. Since all test functions are implemented digitally, the R&S UPL can be
adapted to changing requirements by simply loading the necessary software – and
this also applies to analog interfaces.
One more benefit: Rohde & Schwarz is the
only manufacturer to equip its audio analyzers with 32-bit floating-point signal processors throughout, thus offering plenty of
capacity beyond the limits of today’s common 24-bit technology.
A competent partner
The intelligent combination of analog and digital measurement
techniques paves the way for future applications.
◆ All test functions are available on the
analog and the digital interfaces. This
makes it possible to perform measurements at any point along a common
analog and digital transmission path,
the only way to ensure efficient and
complete testing.
◆ The filters are also implemented digitally, yielding a more or less infinite
number of them – and this also holds
true for measurements on analog interfaces. To loop a new filter into the
test path, you merely have to choose
the type of filter (e.g. highpass), cutoff frequency and attenuation.
Certified Environmental System
◆ Measurement speed is usually higher
than with analog techniques since
digital test routines can adapt their
speed to the input frequency.
◆ And last but not least: Operation is
the same for the analog and the digital interfaces – a feature that should
not be underestimated.
Certified Quality System
The name Rohde & Schwarz stands for
excellent quality – thousands of audio analyzers are already in the hands of satisfied
customers and have been operating successfully for many years. Following in the
footsteps of the exclusively analog R&S
UPA and R&S UPD, which still hold the top
position in today’s audio measurement
technology, the Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
was developed to complement the product
line.
As a competent partner we will be happy
to advise you on the optimum use of our
instruments. Our representatives are
available all over the world, and our customer support center and application
engineers in Munich can help you find
the right solution to your measurement
tasks. In addition, a wealth of suggestions and solutions can be found in our
application notes and software.
As part of our emphasis on quality,
Rohde & Schwarz instruments are certified in compliance with ISO 9001 and ISO
14001.
ISO 14001 ISO 9001
REG. NO 1954
DQS REG. NO 1954
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
3
It does it all
Test signals – made to order
Fig. 1: Automatic marking of harmonics in THD+N measurements makes nonharmonics visible at a glance.
Fig. 2: THD measurements can include single harmonics, all
harmonics or any combination of harmonics.
Fig. 3: The waveform function displays the test signal in the
time domain. The example shows a sinewave burst.
Fig. 4: The transient characteristics of an AGC play an important role in testing hearing aids or automatic volume control
on tape recorders.
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Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
The generators of the R&S UPL supply an
extremely wide variety of analog and –
when the options R&S UPL-B2 or R&S
UPL-B29 are used – digital test signals:
◆ Sinewaves
For level and harmonic distortion measurements. The signal can be applied
to an equalizer with selectable nominal
frequency response, e.g. for compensating the frequency response of the
test assembly.
◆ Two-tone signal
For modulation distortion analysis.
Various amplitude ratios can be selected and the frequencies are continuously adjustable.
◆ Difference tone signal
For intermodulation measurements
with continuous setting of both frequencies.
◆ Multitone signal
Can comprise up to 17 sinewaves of
any frequency and with the same or
different amplitude; setting the phase
is also possible with the R&S UPL-B6.
◆ Sine burst signal
With adjustable interval and on-time
as well as programmable low level,
e.g. for testing AGCs.
◆ Sine2 burst
Also with adjustable interval and ontime, e.g. for testing rms rectifier circuits.
◆ Special multitone signal
Can comprise up to 7400 frequencies
with selectable amplitude distribution. The frequency spacing can be
linked to the resolution used for the
fast Fourier transform, thus enabling
rapid and precise single-shot measurements of the frequency response
of a DUT.
◆ Noise
With a variety of probability distributions, e.g. for acoustic measurements;
setting of crest factor with the R&S
UPL-B6.
◆ Arbitrary waveforms
For generating any voltage curve of
up to 16k points. Test signals can be
output in different file formats, e.g.
voice and music signals stored as WAV
files.
◆ Two-channel sinewave signals
For the two digital output channels
when the UPL-B6 is used.
◆ AM and FM
For sinewave signals.
◆ DC
Also with sweep function.
Signals can be generated with an offset.
Moreover, digital audio signals can be
dithered with adjustable level and
selectable amplitude distribution.
Versatile test functions
The R&S UPL offers a wealth of measurement functions both for analog and –
when the option R&S UPL-B2/-B29 is used
– for digital interfaces.
◆ Level or S/N
This function includes rms, peak or
quasi-peak weighting and ensures
high measurement speeds due to automatic adaptation of integration time
to the input signal.
◆ Selective level
The center frequency of the bandpass
filter can be swept or coupled to the
generator frequency, to the frequencies
of a multitone signal (e.g. for fast frequency response measurements) or to
the input signal.
◆ SINAD or THD+N
The sum of all harmonics and noise is
measured (Fig. 1).
◆ Total harmonic distortion (THD)
Individual harmonics, all harmonics or
any combination of harmonics can be
measured (Fig. 2).
◆ Modulation distortion
This measurement complies with
DIN-IEC 268-3. 2nd and 3rd order intermodulation is measured.
◆ Difference Frequency Distortion
This intermodulation measurement
uses the difference tone method. 2nd
and 3rd order intermodulation is measured.
◆ Wow and flutter
This measurement uses the DIN IEC,
NAB, JIS or 2-sigma method in accordance with DIN IEC and also displays
the demodulated-signal spectrum.
◆ DC voltage
◆ Frequency, phase and group delay
◆ Polarity
Signal paths are checked for
reversed polarity.
◆ Crosstalk
◆ Waveform function
This function is used to represent the
test signal in the time domain (Fig. 3).
Waveforms can be smoothed by interpolation. Slow sequences can be displayed compressed, e.g. for analyzing
the transient response of compander
or AGC circuits (Fig. 4).
◆ Extended Analysis Functions
R&S UPL-B6
The coherence and transfer functions determine the transfer characteristics of complex test signals;
third octave analysis is used mainly
for acoustic measurements; rub &
buzz is measured in loudspeaker production.
Tests on hi-fi components call for increasingly complex measurement techniques. Results
obtained in the test lab must be verified in production, which usually requires economical solutions for handling large batches rather than the use of all available functions. The R&S UPL is an
ideal choice for this task. It optimally complements its “bigger brother“,the Audio Analyzer R&S
UPD, which is mainly employed in development. The two units share the exact same IEC/IEEE bus
commands, which means they have the same operating concept and can be used together.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
5
Fig. 5: FFT spectrum of two-tone signal shown on full screen.
Spectrum analysis
A variety of sweep functions
With its FFT analyzer, the R&S UPL is also
capable of spectrum analysis. The number
of samples for fast Fourier transform can
be selected between 256 and 16k in binary
steps (Fig. 5). A special feature is zoom FFT.
The signal to be measured is digitally preprocessed to increase the frequency resolution by a factor of 2 to 128 over a selectable range. In this way, a maximum resolution of 0.05 Hz is attained. This is not
merely a scale expansion, the measurement is actually performed at a higher resolution (Fig. 6).
For continuous variation of the test
signals, the R&S UPL offers amplitude
and frequency sweeps; in the case of
bursts, it is also possible to perform
sweeps of intervals and on-time. Sweeps
are defined either by means of a table or
via parameters such as start value, number of steps, linear/ log stepping or time
interval. It is also possible to sweep two
variables simultaneously.
Programmable filters
Fig. 6: With the zoom FFT function, sidebands spaced only a
few hertz from the signal can be displayed.
Fig. 7: Filters can be defined by entering just a few
parameters.
Fig. 8: Tolerance curves enable fast go/no-go tests.
6
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
The filters of the R&S UPL are softwareimplemented, allowing the user to define
any number of filters. The most common
weighting filters are provided as standard. Additional filters can be programmed in a few seconds by entering
the type (lowpass, highpass, bandpass,
bandstop, notch, third octave or octave),
frequency and attenuation (Fig. 7). The
instrument’s open architecture reveals its
strength particularly where special
requirements have to be met: special filters can be implemented by using commercial filter design programs. The data is
transferred to the R&S UPL and the
required filter is looped into the signal
path.
*) For more information, refer to data sheet
PD 0757.6985, Multichannel audio
measurements on surround sound decoders.
If external signals are applied during
measurement, they can be used for analyzer sweeps (external sweeps). Many different start conditions can be set, allowing measurements to be triggered by a
variety of events. Even if the DUT has an
unknown or unstable transient response,
the settling function will yield stable
results.
Multichannel measurements
with Audio Switcher R&S UPZ
The Audio Switcher R&S UPZ is used
either to measure surround sound decoders or in production if several DUTs/channels have to be cabled. It is directly connected to the Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
and panel-controlled via an RS-232-C
interface. The 8-channel R&S UPZ is available as an input and output model and
can be cascaded to up to 128 channels. *)
The Audio Switcher R&S UPZ can be controlled
directly from the R&S UPL.
◆ Built-in hard disk and disk drive
◆ Connectors for keyboard, mouse,
monitor, printer and plotter
◆ Centronics interface for connecting
printer or network
◆ Drivers for commercial printers supplied as standard
◆ Remote control via IEC/IEEE bus or
RS-232-C interface
◆ Postprocessing of results directly in
the R&S UPL using standard software
◆ All results available in the common
data formats, making it easy to import
graphics into documents, for example
◆ Easy loading of function and software
extensions via floppy disk
◆ Automatic test sequences and measurement programs with universal sequence controller, plus easy generation of programs with built-in program
generator
The strengths of the R&S
UPL become evident
especially in mobile use.
The unit is compact and
lightweight and requires
no additional equipment.
Results are stored in the
built-in PC and thus available for later use. Routine
measurements can be
repeated easily using
stored instrument
settings.
Everything in one package
The Audio Analyzer R&S UPL is a compact
unit with an integrated controller. It avoids
the disadvantages of external PC control
found in other audio analyzers. The instrument is easy to transport as it requires no
external equipment such as keyboard,
monitor or other PC peripherals.
With audio analyzers controlled from an
external PC, interference may be radiated
from the PC, the monitor or interface connections, which distorts measurement
results. Not so with the R&S UPL: the
instrument has specified EMC characteristics which also include the internal PC. In
contrast to conventional PCs, the R&S UPL
provides elaborate screening features
such as magnetically shielded power
transformers and a coated filter pane in
front of the display.
Analog
preprocessing
Audio
monitor
(option)
Digital
analysis
Digital I/Os (option)
Software options:
- digital interface analysis
- digital protocol analysis
- automatic sequence controller
- extended analysis functions
Analyzers
Disk
drive
Centronics
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Ba
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Ba
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Unance
b d
Op alan
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Re al d
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Sy eren
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Sy
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Re c
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Un ical
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Block diagram of R&S UPL.
Ba
The R&S UPL is supplied ready for use.
Installation merely consists of unpacking
the unit and switching it on to start the
measurement. The user is not burdened
with problems that cropped up in the past
with the installation of interface cards or
PC software.
Digital
signal
generation
Analog
outputs
Low distortion
generator
(option)
Generators
Hard disk
RS-232-C
RS-232-C
External keyboard
External monitor
IEC/IEEE
bus
(option)
And the icing on the cake: the price of the
R&S UPL includes the internal PC.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
7
Interfaces, protocol analysis, jitter
Fig. 9: Individual interference components can easily be
found with the aid of the jitter spectrum.
Fig. 10: Display of jitter signal in time domain.
Fig. 11: Complete measured-value tables can be output for
all functions.
Fig. 12: The R&S UPL generates and analyzes additional data
in digital data streams in line with all common standards.
The data is represented in binary form, as hexadecimal numbers, or as ASCII characters, or it is evaluated in consumer or
professional format.
8
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
Analog interfaces
◆ Balanced inputs with high commonmode rejection and various types of
impedance commonly used in the studio. Measurements can be made on
lines with phantom feed.
◆ Balanced outputs, floating (e.g. to
prevent hum loops).
◆ The generator outputs can be internally connected to the analyzer inputs
so that different types of measurement can be performed without
changing the cabling.
Digital audio interfaces (options
R&S UPL-B2 and R&S UPL-B29)
◆ Balanced (XLR), unbalanced (BNC) and
optical (TOSLINK) inputs and outputs
for connecting consumer electronics
and professional studio equipment are
provided.
◆ The levels of the balanced and unbalanced outputs are adjustable so that
the sensitivity of digital audio inputs
can be determined.
◆ The format of the generated channel
status data may be professional or
consumer regardless of the selected
interface.
◆ A reference (XLR) and a synchronization (BNC) input provided on the rear
panel allow both the analyzer and the
generator to be synchronized to the
digital audio reference signal (DARS)
in line with AES 11; in addition the
generator can be synchronized to
wordclock, video sync signals (PAL/
SECAM/NTSC) and 1024 kHz reference clocks.
◆ Both generator and analyzer can be
operated at clock rates of 35 kHz to
106 kHz. The clock signal can also be
produced internally by the generator.
◆ The clock rates of the analyzer and
generator are independent of each
other. This allows measurements on
sample rate converters.
◆ The word length can be selected independently for generator and analyzer
between 8 and 24 bits.
Improvement of audio quality of sound cards and multimedia equipment – a task for the R&S UPL.
Digital protocol analysis and
generation (option R&S UPL-B21)
This software option extends the functions
of options R&S UPL-B2 and R&S UPL-B29
by an in-depth analysis and generation of
additional digital data:
◆ Analysis of channel status and user
data. The data is output in binary
form, as hexadecimal numbers, or as
ASCII characters, or, in the case of
channel status data, it is evaluated in
the professional or consumer format
in line with AES 3 or IEC 958 (Fig. 12).
◆ Generation of channel status data,
user data and validity bits. Channel
status data can be entered in binary
form or via panel in line with AES 3 or
IEC 958 using the professional or consumer format.
◆ Any bits can be combined under a
symbolic name. In this way, data input and representation can easily be
adapted to customer requirements.
◆ Simultaneous measurement of clock
rate and display of interface errors
(such as parity error).
Jitter and Interface Tests
(option R&S UPL-B22)
The physical parameters of digital audio
interfaces can be evaluated with this
option. The R&S UPL-B22 extends the
functions of options R&S UPL-B2 and R&S
UPL-B29.
Signal analysis:
◆ Measurement of jitter amplitude and
display of jitter signal in the frequency
and time domain (Figs 9 and 10).
◆ The R&S UPL generates bit- or wordsynchronous sync signals that allow
the accurate display of digital audio
signals on an oscilloscope (preamble,
eye pattern, signal symmetry, superimposed noise, etc).
◆ Measurement of input pulse amplitude and sampling frequency.
◆ Measurement of phase difference between audio and reference input signal.
◆ Measurement of time difference
between output and input signal. This
allows delay times of equalizers, audio mixers, etc to be measured.
◆ Analysis of common-mode signal of
balanced input (frequency, amplitude,
spectrum).
Digital components of various data formats and clock rates are the stock-in-trade of professional users, who need a measuring instrument offering top performance on all interfaces with high
accuracy and over a wide dynamic range. Operation is identical for analog and digital interfaces, which enhances operator convenience. Fast fault diagnosis is possible by means of stored
test routines, allowing the elimination of problems immediately before transmission.
Signal generation:
◆ The clock of the output signal can be
“jittered“ by superimposing a sinewave or noise signal of variable amplitude.
◆ When generating digital audio data –
with option R&S UPL-B1 installed –
jitter and common-mode interference
can be added to the data stream.
◆ An input signal with jitter can be output jitter-free.
◆ A common-mode signal can be
superimposed on the balanced output
signal.
◆ Long cables can be simulated by
means of a switchable cable simulator.
◆ The phase shift between the digital
audio output and the reference output can be varied.
Generation of coded audio signals
(option R&S UPL-B23)
With this option, the Audio Analyzer R&S
UPL is able to generate AC-3-coded test
signals (other data formats soon available) directly with the integrated generator, e.g. to measure surround sound
decoders.
The number of channels, frequency or
level sweep, start and stop frequency/
level as well as the number of sweep
points can be set, thus allowing flexible
test sequence combinations.
The measurements are automatically synchronized between generator and analyzer.
The R&S UPL-B23 requires options R&S
UPL-B2 or R&S UPL-B29. For more information refer to data sheet PD 0757.6985,
Multichannel audio measurements on
surround sound decoders.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
9
Designed for convenience
Efficient online help
The R&S UPL offers a variety of help features:
HELP function
HELP information in German or English can
be called up for each input field.
SHOW I/O key
If results cannot be displayed, e.g.
because an input signal is either missing or
incorrect, information on possible causes
will appear upon pressing SHOW I/O.
Moreover, the input and output configuration will be displayed.
Info boxes
These highlighted boxes indicate any
incorrect settings.
Online help
The permissible range of values is indicated for each menu item requiring the
entry of a numeric value. This range takes
into account any limitations resulting from
related parameters, e.g. the sample rate in
the case of measurements on digital interfaces.
Protection against invalid entries
The R&S UPL will not accept entries outside the permissible range. An alarm
tone will be issued and the value
changed to the permissible minimum or
maximum value.
10
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
A wealth of functions – yet easy to operate
◆ Related functions and settings are
combined in panels that can be called
up at a keystroke. Up to three panels
can be displayed at a time.
◆ The operator is not burdened with unnecessary information. Only the parameters and settings needed for a
specific application are displayed –
the others are available in the background. (For example, the sweep parameters are transferred to the generator panel and displayed only when
the sweep function is activated.)
◆ Fast access to frequently used instrument setups and a comprehensive library of standard measurements
make the instrument easy to learn.
◆ Straightforward data entry: the user
simply needs to open a menu and
make an entry or selection.
◆ Continuously updated status information on generator, analyzer and
sweep.
◆ Quick operating sequences through the
use of softkeys, e.g. for graphical representations.
◆ The user can choose between operation via mouse, external keyboard or
front panel. This choice is important
since the working space required by a
mouse is not always available.
◆ Short learning time due to an easy-tounderstand operating concept that
treats analog and digital measurements in the same manner.
Results at a glance
◆ Realtime display of results for one or
both channels and several test functions.
◆ Simultaneous display of frequency
and phase.
◆ With graphics, results can be read off
with vertical and horizontal cursors.
Tolerance curves or stored results can
be added for comparison.
◆ Sets of traces can be displayed,
stored and evaluated for both channels.
◆ Graphics options include traces and
bargraphs, spectrum display, and
three-dimensional waterfalls.
In many cases only a few parameters
need to be modified after a measurement
sequence has been started. Therefore,
entry lines can be selected from the input
panels for the generator, analyzer, etc, by
means of a checkmark. They are then
transferred to a status panel. The status
panel thus gives a summary of parameters for a measurement routine, which
offers the following advantages:
◆ Instrument settings can be displayed
together with graphical and numerical results.
◆ All important information can be
printed on a single hardcopy.
◆ Instrument settings can be modified
quickly without changing panels as
the R&S UPL can also be operated
from the status panel.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
11
Fast and efficient
High measurement speed
In designing the Audio Analyzer R&S
UPL, particular emphasis was placed on
optimizing the measurement speed of
the test system as a whole:
◆ All operations involving extensive
number crunching are carried out by
digital signal processors. The PC is
merely used for controlling the unit
and displaying results.
◆ The R&S UPL can perform even
complex test functions simultaneously on both channels. This feature alone reduces the time for stereo
measurements by 50% compared to
most analyzers available on the
market.
◆ The digital test routines adapt their
speed optimally to the input frequency. This enhances measurement speed especially in the case of
frequency sweeps.
◆ The R&S UPL performs harmonic
distortion and IMD measurements
using patented, digital test procedures that combine high accuracy
with high measurement speed.
◆ Digital signal processing reduces
setting and transient times achievable with purely analog
instruments. These times are also
taken into account in the test routines, yielding stable measurements
without the need for activating settling functions (these are
understood to be repeated measurements until results are within a
tolerance band).
12
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
◆ The user interface was tailored to the
requirements of a test environment,
not an office one.
◆ Display windows not needed can be
switched off, which also reduces the
processing time. When all displays are
switched off and results are output via
the IEC/IEEE bus, more than 100 level
measurements per second can be performed.
Use in production
Instruments to be used in production
tests must satisfy a variety of requirements:
◆ High measurement speed is vital for
achieving a high production throughput. By making appropriate use of the
instrument functions, go/no-go decisions can already be made in the audio analyzer, thus reducing the run
time of a DUT (Fig. 8).
◆ Two-channel measurements allow the
simultaneous and thus time-saving
determination of input and output
characteristics.
◆ The use of FFT analysis provides a decisive advantage especially in the
case of frequency response measurements, which are particularly timecritical (example: approx. 900 frequency values in 150 ms).
◆ Long calibration intervals, resulting
from the extensive use of digital
circuits, make for high availability of
the instrument.
◆ The R&S UPL66 model is specially tailored to the requirements of production. It comes without a display and
keypad, thus holding down costs. Yet
the unit can be operated manually by
connecting a PC keyboard and a VGA
monitor, enabling fast fault localization in the event of production problems.
The R&S UPL66 – special model for use in test
systems, with the full flexibility of the standard
model.
High measurement speed, two-channel
measurements and remote-control capability via the IEC/IEEE bus are a must in
production systems. The long calibration
intervals of the R&S UPL make for high
availability and reduce costs.
◆ Remote-control capability via the IEC/
IEEE bus is a must in large-scale production systems. In the design of the
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL, special importance was attached to data transfer via the IEC/IEEE bus. The logging
mode can be used to speed up the
generation of control programs for the
IEC/IEEE bus. With the program generator provided in the R&S UPL-B10, it
is no longer necessary to look up IEC/
IEEE bus commands.
Universal Sequence Controller R&S
UPL-B10
The R&S UPL-B10 is used to generate and
execute measurement sequences, thus
turning the R&S UPL into an automatic
test system.
Measurement sequence programming is
greatly facilitated by the built-in program
generator: Each manual control step is
recorded in the logging mode and translated into a complete line of the sequence
program with correct syntax, i.e. test
sequences can be programmed without
the user typing a single line. The generated program does not just specify the
sequence of keys to be pressed but contains the instructions in easy-to-read IEC/
IEEE bus syntax according to SCPI.
BASIC commands can then be used to
modify the program, e.g. for branching or
graphic outputs.
Complete application programs based on
the universal sequence controller are
available for measurements on CD players, tuners, etc.
The universal sequence controller can also
be used for remote control of external
equipment via the IEC/IEEE bus or the RS232-C interface. Moreover, programs generated on the R&S UPL can be transferred
to an external controller after slight modifications for the remote control of the R&S
UPL. This greatly facilitates the generation
of remote-control programs.
Test assemblies for electroacoustic converters frequently consist of
microphones and loudspeakers, whose frequency response must be
compensated. The equalizer function of the R&S UPL furnishes tailormade solutions for such tests. Comprehensive test routines can be
implemented with the aid of the universal sequence controller.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
13
Options and further applications
Fig. 13: Transfer and coherence function for determining the
transfer characteristic with the aid of complex test signals
(e.g. music or voice).
Low Distortion Generator R&S UPL-B1
This option is essential for all applications
requiring extremely pure analog signals
or an extended frequency range up to
110 kHz.
When digital audio data is produced by
the universal generator, the low distortion
generator may generate an analog signal
or be used for superimposing jitter or
common-mode interference.
Fig. 14: Frequency response and rub & buzz function for quality assurance in loudspeaker production.
Fig. 15: Third-octave analysis used mainly in acoustics.
Digital Interfaces R&S UPL-B2/-B29
These options contain the digital audio
interfaces (balanced, unbalanced and
optical) for the standard sampling rates
44.1 kHz and 48 kHz, and the R&S
UPL-B29 also covers the extended rates
up to 96 kHz. Either the R&S UPL-B2 or the
R&S UPL-B29 can be installed. A detailed
description of these options and their
software extensions (Digital Audio Protocol R&S UPL-B21, Jitter and Interface
Tester R&S UPL-B22 as well as the Coded
Audio Signal Generation R&S UPL-B23)
can be found on pages 8 and 9.
Audio Monitor R&S UPL-B5
This option adds a headphone output and
a built-in loudspeaker to the R&S UPL. The
input signal and – in the case of level,
THD+N and rub & buzz measurements –
the filtered or weighted signal can be monitored.
Extended Analysis Functions R&S UPL-B6
In modern audio systems, the transfer
characteristics are dynamically adapted to
the input signals. When conventional,
static test signals are used as input signals, the dynamic processes are not activated and thus the signals cannot be analyzed. The coherence and transfer functions are the solution to this problem:
Fig. 16: Different signals for both channels may be generated
at the digital audio outputs.
14
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
speech, music, noise, etc, are used as test
signals, and the transfer characteristic is
represented by analyzing the output spectrum referenced to the input spectrum
(Fig. 13). The required complex test signals stored in various formats can be
directly called from the R&S UPL hard
disk.
With the rub & buzz measurement, manufacturing defects of loudspeakers can be
found in no time by measuring the
unwanted signals in the frequency range
above that of typical distortion products
(Fig. 14).
The third-octave analysis is an important
measurement in acoustics. The levels of
up to 32 third-octave bands are simultaneously measured in compliance with
class 0 of IEC1260 (Fig. 15).
In multitone signal generation, the R&S
UPL-B6 also allows the phase and crest
factor to be set. The R&S UPL-B6 is also
required for generating two-channel sinewave signals at the digital outputs
(Fig. 16).
Further functional extensions of the R&S
UPL-B6 are currently being developed.
Hearing Aids Test Accessories
R&S UPL-B7
The Audio Analyzer R&S UPL with the
option R&S UPL-B7 forms a complete test
system for all standard measurements on
hearing aids. The R&S UPL merely needs
to be equipped with options R&S UPL-B5
and R&S UPL-B10. The R&S UPL-B7
includes an acoustic test chamber as well
as all accessories required for measurements on hearing aids such as battery
adapters, connecting cables and acoustic
Acoustic measurements on GSM mobile phones with Audio Analyzer R&S UPL16.
couplers. The associated software
enables complete measurements in
accordance with IEC60118 or ANSI
S3.22. *)
Acoustic measurements on GSM
mobile phones with the R&S UPL16 or
option R&S UPL-B8/-B9
The acoustic transmission and reproduction quality of a mobile phone is the most
important characteristic in everyday use.
The Audio Analyzer R&S UPL16 was
developed for conformance tests on GSM
mobiles. It performs all audio measurements in line with chapter 30 of GSM
11.10 and 3GPP TS 51.010 Release 99,
phase 2. Access to the internal digital signals of special test mobile phones is via
the standard digital audio interface (DAI).
Network operators, consumer test institutes, etc, are particularly interested in
measuring and comparing acoustic char-
acteristics of commercial mobiles.
A highly accurate test method is also
required for quality assurance and sampling inspection in the production of
mobile phones.
The Remote Control R&S UPL-B4
enables remote control of R&S UPL via
the RS-232-C interface or IEC625/
IEEE488 interface. The commands largely
meet SCPI standards.
The Mobile Phone Test Set R&S UPL-B8 is
available for these applications. With the aid
of this option all necessary audio measurements can be performed on GSM mobile
phones without the DAI interface. The
3G Mobile Phone Tests R&S UPL-B9 provide the same functionality, but expanded to
3G mobile phones and to the latest 3GPP
specifications TS26.131 and 132. These tests
are validated and can therefore be used for
type approvals. R&S UPL-B8 and -B9 require
options R&S UPL-B6 and -B10. For further
information refer to data sheet
PD 0757.5889, Acoustic Test of GSM
Mobiles.
The Universal Sequence Controller
R&S UPL-B10 allows measurement
sequences to be generated and executed.
For detailed information see page 13.
The Automatic Audio Line Measurement to ITU-T O.33, R&S UPL-B33
performs automatic measurements of all
relevant parameters of broadcast links
according to ITU-T O.33. The generator
and analyzer are normally located at different sites. Operators may utilize the
standard sequences defined by ITU-T
O.33 or prepare their own. Option R&S
UPL-B10 is needed for the use of the R&S
UPL-B33.
With option LAN Interface R&S UPLB11, the Audio Analyzer R&S UPL can be
connected to Novell networks in line with
10/100 BASE-T standard in order, for
example, to exchange data or access the
network printer (not for R&S UPL16).
The 150 Ω Modification R&S UPL-U3
changes the source impedance of the
analog generator from 200 Ω to 150 Ω.
*) For further information on this application
refer to data sheet PD 0757.2696, Test System
R&S UPL + R&S UPL-B7 for Hearing Aids.
Measurements on hearing aids.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
15
Specifications
Filter
Analog analyzers
Spectrum
For analog measurements two analyzers with different bandwidths, specifications and measurement functions are available:
Analyzer
Frequency range
ANLG 22 kHz
DC/10 Hz to 21.90 kHz1)
ANLG 110 kHz
DC/20 Hz to110 kHz1)
Level measurements (rms)
Accuracy at 1 kHz
±0.05 dB
Frequency response (ref. to 1 kHz)
20 Hz to 22 kHz
±0.03 dB, typ. 0.003 dB (Vin<3 V)
10 Hz to 20 Hz
±0.1 dB
22 kHz to 50 kHz
±0.1 dB
50 kHz to 110 kHz
±0.2 dB
RMS value, selective
Bandwidth (–0.1 dB)
Selectivity
Frequency setting
Accuracy
Peak value
Measurement
Inputs
XLR connectors
Voltage range
Measurement ranges
Input impedance
Crosstalk attenuation
Common-mode rejection (Vin <3 V)
Generator output
2 channels, balanced (unbalanced measurements possible with XLR/BNC
Adapter R&S UPL-Z1), floating/grounded
and AC/DC coupling switchable
0.1 µV to 110 V (rms, sine)
18 mV to 100 V, in steps of 5 dB
100 kΩ ±1% shunted by 120 pF, each
pin against ground
300 Ω, 600 Ω, ±0.5% each, Pmax 1 W
>120 dB, frequency <22 kHz, 600 Ω
>100 dB at 50 Hz,
>86 dB at 1 kHz, >80 dB at 16 kHz
each input channel switchable to the
other output channel, input impedance:
balanced 200 kΩ, unbalanced 100 kΩ
Accuracy
Interval
Filter2)
Quasi-peak
Measurement, accuracy
Noise (600 Ω)
Filter2)
DC voltage
Voltage range
Accuracy
Measurement ranges
RMS value, wideband
Accuracy
Measurement speed
AUTO
AUTO FAST
Integration time
AUTO FAST/AUTO
VALUE
GEN TRACK
Noise (600 Ω)
with A filter
with CCIR unweighting filter
±0.05 dB at 1 kHz, sine
±0.1 dB additional error
4.2 ms/42 ms, at least 1 cycle
1 ms to 10 s
2.1 ms, at least 1 cycle
DC/AC coupling.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
0 V to ±110 V
±(1% of measured value + 0.1% of measurement range)
100 mV to 100 V, in steps of 10 dB
see FFT analyzer section
Accuracy
Harmonics
<50 kHz
<110 kHz
Inherent distortion3)4)
Analyzer ANLG 22 kHz
Fundamental 20 Hz to 10.95 kHz
10 Hz to 20 Hz
Analyzer ANLG 110 kHz
Fundamental 50 Hz to 20 kHz
Spectrum
THD+N and SINAD
Fundamental
Frequency tuning
Input voltage
Bandwidth
1 µV
<2 µV, 1.6 µV typ. (ANLG 22 kHz)
3)
4)
16
with analyzer ANLG 22 kHz only
to CCIR 468-4
<8 µV with CCIR weighting filter
weighting filters and user-definable
filters, up to 3 filters can be combined,
analog notch filter in addition
FFT analysis
2)
1)
with analyzer ANLG 22 kHz only
peak max, peak min, peak-to-peak,
peak absolute
±0.2 dB at 1 kHz
20 ms to 10 s
weighting filters and user-definable
filters, up to 3 filters can be combined
available for measurement functions
– rms, wideband
– peak
– quasi-peak
indication of S/N ratio in dB,
no post-FFT
Weighted harmonics
Measurement functions
1%, 3%, 1/12 octave, 1/3 octave and
user-selectable fixed bandwidth,
minimum bandwidth 20 Hz
100 dB (80 dB) with analyzer ANLG
22 kHz (110 kHz) bandpass or bandstop
filter, 8th order elliptical filter, analog
notch filter in addition
– automatic to input signal
– coupled to generator
– fixed through entered value
– sweep in selectable range
±0.2 dB + ripple of filters
S/N measurement routine
Total harmonic distortion (THD)
Fundamental
Frequency tuning
Typical frequency response, measured with internal generator/analyzer at analog
interfaces
weighting filters and user-definable filters, up to 3 filters can be combined,
analog notch filter in addition (expansion of dynamic range by up to 30 dB)
post-FFT of filtered signal
10 Hz to 22 kHz
automatic to input or generator signal or
fixed through entered value
any combination of d2 to d9,
up to 110 kHz
±0.5 dB
±0.7 dB
< –110 dB, typ. –115 dB
<–100 dB
<–100 dB, typ. –105 dB
bar chart showing signal and distortion
10 Hz to 22 kHz
automatic to input or generator signal or
fixed through entered value
typ. >100 µV with automatic tuning
upper and lower frequency limit selectable, one weighting filter in addition
With R&S UPL-B29 only in base rate mode.
Total inherent distortion of analyzer and generator (with option R&S UPL-B1), analyzer with
dynamic mode precision.
>3.5 V: typ. 3 dB less; <0.5 V: sensitivity reduced by inherent noise
(typ. 0.25/1.25 µV with analyzers 22/110 kHz).
Accuracy
Bandwidth
<50 kHz
<100 kHz
Inherent distortion 1)
Analyzer ANLG 22 kHz
Bandwidth 20 Hz to 21.90 kHz
Analyzer ANLG 110 kHz
Bandwidth 20 Hz to 22 kHz
20 Hz to 110 kHz
Spectrum
Modulation factor (MOD DIST)
Measurement method
Frequency range
Accuracy
Inherent distortion4)
Upper frequency 4 kHz to 15 kHz
15 kHz to 20 kHz
Spectrum
±0.5 dB
±0.7 dB
typ. –110 dB at 1 kHz, 2.5 V
<–105 dB +2 µV 2)
typ. –108 dB +1.5 µV
<–95 dB + 2.5 µV, typ. –100 dB +1.75 µV
<–88 dB + 5 µV, typ. –95 dB + 3.5 µV
post-FFT of filtered signal
selective to DIN IEC 268-3
lower frequency
30 Hz to 2700 Hz
upper frequency
8 x LF to 100 kHz3)
±0.50 dB
<–96 dB (–90 dB), typ. –103 dB
<–96 dB (–85 dB)
bar chart showing signal and distortion
Difference frequency distortion (DFD)
Measurement method
selective to DIN IEC 268-3 or 118
Frequeny range
difference frequency 80 Hz to 2 kHz
center frequency
200 Hz to 100 kHz5)
Accuracy
±0.50 dB, center frequency <20 kHz
Inherent distortion6)
DFD d2
<–112 dB, typ. –125 dB
<–96 dB, typ. –105 dB
DFD d3
Spectrum
bar chart showing signal and distortion
Wow and flutter
Measurement method
Weighting filter
Accuracy
Inherent noise
Spectrum
OFF
ON
with analyzer ANLG 22 kHz only
DIN/IEC, NAB, JIS,
2-sigma to IEC-386
highpass 0.5 Hz, bandwidth 200 Hz
bandpass 4 Hz to IEC-386
±3%
<0.0005% weighted
<0.001% unweighted
post-FFT of demodulated signal
Time domain display (WAVEFORM)
Trigger
rising/falling edge
Trigger level
–200 V to +200 V, interpolated between
samples
Trace length
max. 7424 points
Standard mode
1- to 32-fold interpolation
Compressed mode
2- to 1024-fold compression
(envelope for AGC measurement), with
analyzer ANLG 22 kHz only
7)
Frequency
Frequency range
20 Hz to 110 kHz
Accuracy
±50 ppm
Phase 7)
Frequency range
Accuracy
with analyzer 22 kHz only
20 Hz to 20 kHz
±0.5°
Group delay 7)
Frequency range
Accuracy in seconds
with analyzer 22 kHz only
20 Hz to 20 kHz
∆ϕ/(∆f x360), where ∆ϕ = phase accuracy in °, ∆f = frequency step
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Total inherent distortion of analyzer and generator (with option R&S UPL-B1), analyzer with
dynamic mode precision.
At full-scale level of measurement range (<–100 dB + 2 µV with auto range),
<–100 dB for input voltage >3.5 V.
For upper frequency >20 kHz, the bottom limit of lower frequency is reduced.
Input voltage >200 mV, typical values apply between 0.5 V and 3.5 V.
Lower frequency >200 Hz, values in ( ) for lower frequency <200 Hz.
Dynamic mode precision; level ratio LF:UF = 4:1.
For center frequencies >20 kHz the bottom limit of the difference frequency is reduced.
Input voltage >200 mV, typical values apply between 0.5 V and 3.5 V,
dynamic mode precision (at DFD d2), center frequency 7 kHz to 20 kHz.
With measurement functions RMS, FFT and THD+N only, accuracy applies to 8k FFT with zoom
factor 2, Rife-Vincent-2 window; S/N ratio >70 dB.
Polarity test
Measurement
Display
polarity of unsymmetrical input signal
+POL, –POL
Analog generators
An 18-bit ∆Σ D/A converter is used for analog signal generation. The characteristics of the basic generator can be improved and extended with a lowdistortion RC oscillator (Low Distortion Generator R&S UPL-B1):
– sine with reduced distortion
– frequency range up to 110 kHz
Outputs
XLR connectors, 2 channels, floating, balanced/unbalanced switchable, shortcircuit-proof; max. current <120 mA with external feed
Balanced
Voltage
Crosstalk attenuation
Source impedance
Load impedance
Output balance
0.1 mV to 20 V (rms, sine, open-circuit)
>115 dB, frequency <20 kHz
typ. 10 Ω , 200 Ω(150 Ω with R&S
UPL-U3) ± 0.5%, 600 Ω ± 0.5%
>400 Ω (incl. source impedance)
>75 dB at 1 kHz, >60 dB at 20 kHz
Unbalanced
Voltage
Crosstalk attenuation
Source impedance
Load impedance
0.1 mV to 10 V (rms, sine, open-circuit)
>115 dB, frequency <20 kHz
5Ω
>200 Ω
Signals
Sine
Frequency range
Frequency accuracy
Level accuracy
Frequency response (ref. to 1 kHz)
20 Hz to 20 kHz
Inherent distortion THD+N
Measurement bandwidth
20 Hz to 22 kHz
20 Hz to 100 kHz
Sweep parameters
2 Hz to 21.75 kHz
±50 ppm
±0.1 dB at 1 kHz
±0.05 dB
<–94 dB, typ. –98 dB
<–86 dB
frequency, level
Sine (with low distortion generator option)
Frequency range
10 Hz to 110 kHz
Frequency accuracy
±0.5% at 15°C to 30°C
±0.75% at 5°C to 45°C
Level accuracy
±0.1 dB at 1 kHz
Frequency response (ref. to 1 kHz)
20 Hz to 20 kHz
±0.05 dB
10 Hz to 110 kHz
±0.1 dB
Harmonics
typ. <–115 dB (<–120 dB at 1 kHz),
measurement bandwidth 20 Hz to
20 kHz, voltage 1 V to 5 V
Inherent distortion (THD)
Fundamental 1 kHz, 1 V to 10 V
<–120 dB typ.
20 Hz to 7 kHz
<–105 dB
7 kHz to 20 kHz
<–100 dB
Inherent distortion (THD+N)8)
Fundamental 1 kHz, 2.5 V
20 Hz to 20 kHz
20 Hz to 20 kHz
Sweep parameters
8)
–110 dB typ.
<–100 dB +2 µV
<–88 dB +5 µV
frequency, level
Meas. bandw.
22 kHz
22 kHz
100 kHz
Total inherent distortion of analyzer and generator, analyzer with dynamic mode precision.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
17
Polarity test signal
Sine2 burst with following characteristics:
Frequency
1.2 kHz
On-time
1 cycle (0.8333 ms)
Interval
2 cycles (1.6667 ms)
Typical spectrum of low distortion generator at 1 kHz, 1 V
MOD DIST
Frequency range
lower frequency
upper frequency
Level ratio (LF:UF)
Level accuracy
Inherent distortion
Sweep parameters
for measuring the modulation distortion
30 Hz to 2700 Hz
8 x LF to 21.75 kHz
selectable from 10:1 to 1:1
±0.5 dB
<–94 dB (typ. –100 dB) at 7 kHz, 60 Hz
<–84 dB (typ. –90 dB),
level ratio LF:UF = 4:1
upper frequency, level
DFD
Frequency range
for measuring the difference tone
difference freq. 80 Hz to 2 kHz
center frequency 200 Hz to 20.75 kHz
Level accuracy
±0.5 dB
1)
< –114 dB, typ.–120 dB
Inherent distortion DFD d2
DFD d3
< –92 dB, typ. –100 dB
Sweep parameters
center frequency, level
Multi-sine
Frequency range
Frequency spacing
Frequency resolution
Dynamic range
Characteristics
Mode 1
2.93 Hz to 21.75 kHz
adjustable from 2.93 Hz
<0.01% or matching FFT frequency
spacing
100 dB, referred to total peak value
1 to 17 spectral lines
– level and frequency selectable for
each line
– phase of each component optimized
for minimum crest factor
– phase of each component or
crest factor selectable (with R&S UPL-B6)
1 to 7400 spectral lines (noise in frequency domain), distribution: white,
pink, 1/3 octave, defined by file; crest
factor selectable (with R&S UPL-B6)
Mode 2
Sine burst, sine burst
Burst time
Interval
Low level
2
Bandwidth
Sweep parameters
1 sample up to 60 s, 1-sample resolution
burst time up to 60 s, 1-sample res.
0 to burst level, absolute or relative to
burst level (0 with sine2 burst)
21.75 kHz (elliptical filter)
burst frequency, level, time, interval
Noise
Distribution
Gaussian, triangular, rectangular
Arbitrary waveform
File format
*.TTF (internal)
*.WAV 2)
Clock rate
Bandwidth
1)
2)
18
loaded from file
memory depth max. 16 k
reproduction of audio files (mono),
duration approx. 10 s per Mbyte RAM
48 kHz
21.75 kHz (elliptical filter)
Center frequency >5 kHz, difference frequency <1 kHz; DFD d2 –100 dB (typ.) with DC offset.
With R&S UPL-B29 only in base rate mode.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
FM signal
Carrier frequency
Modulation frequency
Modulation
2 Hz to 21.75 kHz
1 mHz to 21.75 kHz
0% to 100%
AM signal
Carrier frequency
Modulation frequency
Modulation
2 Hz to 21.75 kHz
1 mHz to 21.75 kHz
0% to 100%
DC voltage
Level range
Accuracy
0 V to ±10 V (±5 V unbalanced),
sweep possible
±2%
DC offset3)
Accuracy
Residual offset
0 V to ±10.0 V (±5 V unbalanced)
±2%
<1% of rms value of AC signal
Digital analyzer (option R&S UPL-B2 or -B29)
Frequency limits specified for measurement functions apply to a sampling rate of
48 kHz. For other sampling rates limits are calculated according to the formula:
fnew = f48 kHz x sampling rate/48 kHz.
Inputs
Balanced input
Impedance
Level (VPP)
Unbalanced input
Impedance
Level (VPP)
Optical input
Channels
Audio bits
Clock rate
Format
XLR connector, transformer coupling
110 Ω
min. 200 mV, max. 12 V
BNC, grounded
75 Ω
min. 100 mV, max. 5 V
TOSLINK
1, 2 or both
8 to 24
35 kHz to 55 kHz with R&S UPL-B2 or R&S
UPL-B29 in base rate mode
35 kHz to 106 kHz with R&S UPL-B29 in
high rate mode
synchronous to DAI or DARS
professional and consumer format to
AES3 or IEC-958 as well as user-definable formats at all inputs
Measurement functions
All measurements at 24 bit, full scale
RMS value, wideband
Measurement bandwidth
Accuracy
AUTO FAST
AUTO
FIX
Integration time
AUTO FAST/AUTO
VALUE
GEN TRACK
Filter
Spectrum
3)
up to 0.5 times the clock rate
±0.1 dB
±0.01 dB
±0.001 dB
4.2 ms/42 ms, at least 1 cycle
1 ms to 10 s
2.1 ms, at least 1 cycle
weighting filters and user-definable filters, up to 3 filters can be combined
post-FFT of filtered signal
No DC offset for signal generation with Low Dist ON. With DC offset the AC voltage swing will be
reduced; specified inherent distortion values apply to DC offset = 0.
RMS value, selective
Bandwidth (–0.1 dB)
Selectivity
Frequency setting
Accuracy
Peak value
Measurement
peak max, peak min, peak-to-peak,
peak absolute
±0.2 dB at 1 kHz
20 ms to 10 s
weighting filters and user-definable filters, up to 3 filters can be combined
Accuracy
Interval
Filter1)
Quasi-peak
Measurement, accuracy
Filter1)
DC voltage
Measurement range
Accuracy
S/N measurement routine
FFT analysis
Total harmonic distortion (THD)
Fundamental
Frequency tuning
Weighted harmonics
Accuracy
Inherent distortion2)
Fundamental 42 Hz to 21.90 kHz
24 Hz to 42 Hz
12 Hz to 24 Hz
Spectrum
THD+N and SINAD
Fundamental
Frequency tuning
Stopband range
Bandwidth
Accuracy
Inherent distortion 2)
Bandwidth
20 Hz to 21.90 kHz
Fundamental
28 Hz to 21.90 kHz
24 Hz to 28 Hz
20 Hz to 24 Hz
Spectrum
Modulation factor (MOD DIST)
Measurement method
Frequency range
Lower frequency
Upper frequency
Accuracy
Inherent distortion2)
Level LF:UF 1:1
4:1
10:1
Spectrum
1)
2)
3)
1%, 3%, 1/12 octave, 1/3 octave
and user-selectable fixed bandwidth,
min. bandwidth 20 Hz
100 dB, bandpass or bandstop filter,
8th order elliptical filter
– automatic to input signal
– coupled to generator
– fixed through entered value
– sweep in selectable range
±0.2 dB + ripple of filters
to CCIR 468-4
weighting filters and user-definable filters, up to 3 filters can be combined
0 to ±FS
±1%
available for measurement functions:
– rms, wideband
– peak, quasi-peak
indication of S/N ratio in dB, no post-FFT
see FFT analyzer section
10 Hz to 21.90 kHz
automatic to input or generator signal or
fixed through entered value
any combination of d2 to d9,
up to 21.90 kHz
±0.1 dB
<–130 dB
<–112 dB
<–88 dB
bar chart showing signal and distortion
10 Hz to 21.90 kHz
automatic to input or generator signal or
fixed through entered value
fundamental ±28 Hz,
max. up to 2nd harmonic
upper and lower frequency limit selectable, one weighting filter in addition
±0.3 dB
<–126 dB
<–109 dB
<–96 dB
post-FFT of filtered signal
Difference frequency distortion (DFD)
Measurement method
selective to DIN IEC 268-3 or 118
Frequency range
Difference frequency
80 Hz to 2 kHz3)
Center frequency
200 Hz to 20.90 kHz
Accuracy
±0.2 dB
<–130 dB
Inherent distortion2) DFD d2
DFD d3
<–130 dB
Spectrum
bar chart showing signal and distortion
Wow and flutter
Measurement method
Weighting filter
OFF
ON
Accuracy
Inherent noise
Spectrum
Time domain display (WAVEFORM)
Trigger
rising/falling edge
Trigger level
–1 FS to +1 FS, interpolated between
samples
Trace length
max. 7424 points
Standard mode
1- to 32-fold interpolation
Compressed mode
32- to 1024-fold compression
(envelope for AGC measurement)
4)
Frequency
Frequency range
20 Hz to 20 kHz
Accuracy
±50 ppm
Phase4)
Frequency range
Accuracy
Group delay4)
Frequency range
Accuracy in seconds
Polarity test
Measurement
Display
20 Hz to 20 kHz
∆ϕ/(∆f x 360), where ∆ϕ = phase
accuracy in °, ∆f = frequency step
polarity of unsymmetrical input signal
+POL, –POL
Frequency limits specified for the signals apply to a sampling rate of 48 kHz. For
other sampling rates limits are calculated according to the formula:
fnew = f48 kHz x sampling rate/48 kHz.
Outputs
Balanced output
Impedance
Level (VPP into 110 Ω)
Accuracy
Unbalanced output
Impedance
Level (VPP into 75 Ω)
Accuracy
Optical output
Channels
Audio bits
Clock rate
30 Hz to 2700 Hz3)
8 x LF3) to 21.25 kHz
±0.2 dB
Format
< –115 dB
bar chart showing signal and distortion
With R&S UPL-B29 only in base rate mode.
Total inherent distortion of analyzer and generator.
Fixed frequency, independent of sampling rate.
20 Hz to 20 kHz
±0.5°
Digital generator (option R&S UPL-B2 or -B29)
selective to DIN IEC 268-3
<–133 dB
<–123 dB
DIN/IEC, NAB, JIS, 2-sigma to IEC-386
highpass 0.5 Hz, bandwidth 200 Hz
bandpass 4 Hz to IEC-386
±3%
<0.0003% weighted
<0.0008% unweighted
post-FFT of demodulated signal
4)
XLR connector, transformer coupling
110 Ω, short-circuit-proof
0 V to 8 V, in 240 steps
±1 dB (rms)
BNC, transformer coupling
75 Ω, short-circuit-proof
0 V to 2 V, in 240 steps
±1 dB (rms)
TOSLINK
1, 2 or both
8 to 24
35 kHz to 55 kHz with R&S UPL-B2 or
R&S UPL-B29 in base rate mode
35 kHz to 106 kHz with R&S UPL-B29 in
high rate mode
internal: generator clock or synchronization to analyzer
external: synchronization to word clock
input, video sync, DARS, 1024 kHz
professional and consumer format to
AES3 or IEC-958 as well as userdefinable formats at all outputs
Only for measurement functions RMS, FFT and THD+N, accuracy applies to 8k FFT with zoom
factor 2, Rife-Vincent-2 window; S/N ratio >70 dB. Phase and group delay in high rate mode only
with RMS without filter.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
19
Arbitrary waveform
File format
*.TTF (internal)
*.WAV3)
Signals
All signals with 24 bit, full scale
General characteristics
Level resolution
Audio bits
Dither
DC offset
2–24
8 to 24 bits, LSB rounded off
for sine, stereo sine, DFD and
MOD DIST in high rate mode for sine
only
Gaussian, triangular, rectangular
2–24 FS to 1 FS
±50 ppm (internal clock),
±1 ppm relative to clock rate
for sine, stereo sine, DFD and
MOD DIST
0 or +1000 ppm
0 to ±1 FS adjustable
Sine
Frequency range
Total harmonic distortion (THD)
Sweep parameters
2 Hz1) to 21.90 kHz
<–133 dB
frequency, level
Distribution
Level
Frequency accuracy
Frequency offset
MOD DIST
Frequency range
Lower frequency
Upper frequency
Level ratio (LF:UF)
Inherent distortion2)
Level LF:UF 1:1
4:1
10:1
Sweep parameters
DFD
Frequency range
Difference frequency
Center frequency
Inherent distortion2)
DFD d2
DFD d3
Sweep parameters
Multi-sine
Frequency range
Frequency spacing
Frequency resolution
Dynamic range
Characteristics
Mode 1
Mode 2
Sine burst, sine2 burst
Burst time
Interval
Low level
for measuring the modulation distortion
1)
30 to 2700 Hz
8 x LF1) to 21.90 kHz
selectable from 10:1 to 1:1
<–133 dB
<–123 dB
<–115 dB
upper frequency, level
80 Hz to 2 kHz1)
200 Hz1) to 20.90 kHz
<–130 dB
<–130 dB
center frequency, level
2.93 Hz to 21.90 kHz
adjustable from 2.93 Hz
<0.01% or matching FFT frequency
spacing
>133 dB
1 to 17 spectral lines
– level and frequency selectable
for each line
– phase of each component
optimized for minimum crest factor
– phase of each component or
crest factor selectable
(with R&S UPL-B6)
1 to 7400 spectral lines (noise in frequency domain), distribution: white,
pink, 1/3 octave, defined by file; crest
factor selectable (with R&S UPL-B6)
Gaussian, triangular, rectangular
Fixed frequency, independent of sampling rate.
Total inherent distortion of analyzer and generator.
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
FM signal
Carrier frequency
Modulation frequency
Modulation
2 Hz1) to 21.9 kHz
1 mHz1) to 21.9 kHz
0% to 100%
AM signal
Carrier frequency
Modulation frequency
Modulation
2 Hz1) to 21.9 kHz
1 mHz1) to 21.9 kHz
0% to 100%
DC voltage
Level range
0 to ±1 FS, can be swept
Digital audio protocol (option R&S UPL-B21)
Generator
Validity bit
Channel status data
User data
Analyzer
Display
Error indication
Clock rate measurement
Channel status display
User bit display
NONE, L, R, L+R
mnemonic entry with user-definable
masks, predefined masks for professional and consumer format to
AES3 or IEC-958
loaded from file (max. 384 bits) or set to
zero
validity bit L and R
block errors, sequence errors, clock rate
errors, preamble errors
50 ppm
user-definable mnemonic display of data
fields, predefined settings for professional and consumer format to
AES3 or IEC-958,
binary and hexadecimal format
user-definable mnemonic display,
block-synchronized
Jitter and interface test (option R&S UPL-B22)
Generator
Jitter injection
Waveform
Frequency range
Amplitude (peak-to-peak)
Noise
Distribution
20
Polarity test signal
Sine2 burst with following characteristics:
Frequency
1.2 kHz1)
On-time
1 cycle
Interval
2 cycles
for measuring the difference tone
Sweep parameters
2)
memory depth max. 16 k
reproduction of audio files (mono),
duration approx. 10 s per Mbyte RAM
sampling rate of generator
1)
1 sample up to 60 s, 1-sample resolution
burst time up to 60 s, 1-sample res.
0 to burst level, absolute or referred to
burst level (0 for sine2 burst)
burst frequency, level time, interval
1)
Clock rate
loaded from file
Common mode signal
Waveform
Frequency range
Amplitude (VPP)
Phase (output to reference)
Cable simulator
3)
With R&S UPL-B29 only in base rate mode.
sine, noise
10 Hz to 21.75 kHz (sine to 110 kHz with
option R&S UPL-B1)
0 to 5 UI (corresp. to 0 to 800 ns at
fA = 48 kHz)
for balanced output
sine
20 Hz to 21.75 kHz (110 kHz with
option R&S UPL-B1)
0 V to 20 V
adjustable between −64 and +64 UI
(corresp. to ±50% of frame)
100 m typical audio cable
Analyzer
Input signal
Amplitude (VPP)
Clock rate
Jitter measurement
Measurement limit
Reclocking
Common mode test
Amplitude (VPP)
Frequency, spectrum
Phase (input to reference)
Delay (input to output)
Weighting filters
0 V to 10 V
35 kHz to 55 kHz with R&S UPL-B2
35 kHz to 106 kHz with R&S UPL-B29
amplitude, frequency, spectrum
0 to 5 UI typ. for f <500 Hz, decreasing to
0.5 UI for up to 50 kHz
200 ps (noise floor with 8k FFT)
input signal sampled with low-jitter
clock signal and available at reference
output (XLR connector on rear)
at balanced input
0 V to 30 V
20 Hz to 110 kHz
−64 to +64 UI (corresp. to ±50% of
frame)
100 µs to 500 ms
User-definable filters
8th order elliptical, type C (for highpass and lowpass filters also 4th order), passband ripple +0/–0.1 dB, stopband attenuation approx. 20 dB to 120 dB selectable
in steps of approx. 10 dB (highpass and lowpass filters: stopband attenuation 40
to 120 dB).
Highpass, lowpass filters
Bandpass, bandstop filters
Coded Audio Signal Generation
(option R&S UPL-B23)
For specifications, refer to data sheet PD 0757.6985, Multichannel audio measurements on surround sound decoders“.
FFT analyzer
Frequency range
Digital 48/96 kHz
ANLG 22/110 kHz
Dynamic range
Digital
ANLG 22 kHz
ANLG 110 kHz
Noise floor
Digital
ANLG 22 kHz
ANLG 110 kHz
FFT size
Window functions
Resolution
Zoom
Averaging
DC to 21.9/43.8 kHz
DC to 21.9/110 kHz
Notch filter
Third octave and octave filters
File-defined filters
Characteristics
Frequency range
Frequency tuning
Stopband
Passband
Sweep
Stepping
Analyzer sweep
Parameters
Sweep
Trigger
Settling
Filter
For all analog and digital analyzers. Up to 3 filters can be combined as required.
All filters are digital filters with a coefficient accuracy of 32 bit floating point
(exception: analog notch filter).
1)
With/without analog notch filter.
available in analog analyzers
with measurement functions:
– rms, wideband
– rms, selective
– quasi-peak
– FFT analysis
10 Hz to 22.5 kHz center frequency (fc)
– automatic to input signal
– coupled to generator
– fixed through entered value
typ. >30 dB, fc ±0.5%
typ. –3 dB at 0.77 x fc and 1.3 x fc ,
typ. +0/–1 dB outside 0.5 x fc to 2 x fc
Sweep
Generator sweep
Parameters
Typical noise floor of FFT analysis at analog inputs
limit frequencies (–0.1 dB) selectable,
stopband indicated
passband (–0.1 dB) selectable,
stopband indicated
center frequency and width (–0.1 dB)
selectable, stopband indicated
center frequency selectable,
bandwidth (–0.1 dB) indicated
any 8th order filter cascaded from
4 biquads, defined in the z plane by
poles/zeroes or coefficients
Analog notch filter
For measurements on signals with high S/N ratio, this filter improves the dynamic
range of the analyzer by up to 30 dB to 140 dB for analyzer 22 kHz, or 120 dB for
analyzer 110 kHz (typical noise floor of FFT). The filter is also used for measuring
THD, THD+N and MOD DIST with dynamic mode precision.
>135 dB
120 dB/105 dB1)
115 dB/85 dB1)
–160 dB
–140 dB/110 dB1)
–120 dB/90 dB1)
256, 512, 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k points
(16k with zoom factor 2)
rectangular, Hann, Blackman-Harris,
Rife-Vincent 1-3, Hamming, flat top,
Kaiser (ß = 1 to 20)
from 0.05 Hz with zoom, from 5.86 Hz
without zoom
2 to 128 (2 to 16 with ANLG 110)
1 to 256, exponential or normal
– A weighting
– C message
– CCITT
– CCIR weighted, unweighted
– CCIR ARM
– deemphasis 50/15, 50, 75, J.17
– rumble weighted, unweighted
– DC noise highpass
– IEC tuner
– jitter weighted
frequency, level,
with bursts also interval and duration,
one- or two-dimensional
linear, logarithmic, tabular,
single, continuous, manual
– automatic after end of measurement
– time delay (fixed or loaded table)
frequency or level of input signal
single, continuous
– delayed (0 to 10 s) after input level or
input frequency variation, settling
function selectable
– time-controlled
for level, frequency, phase, distortion
measurements,
settling function: exponential, flat or
averaging
Sweep speed
Two-channel rms measurement 20 Hz to 20 kHz, 30-point generator sweep
logarithmic (frequency measurement switched off, Low Dist off).
with
GEN TRACK
0.5 s
AUTO FAST
1s
AUTO
2.5 s
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
21
Display of results
Audio monitor (option R&S UPL-B5)
Units
Level (analog)
Headphone connector
Output voltage (UP)
Output current (IP)
Source impedance
Recommended headphone impedance
V, dBu, dBV, W, dBm,
difference (∆), deviation (∆%) and
ratio (without dimension, %, dBr)
to reference value
Level (digital)
FS, %FS, dBFS, LSBs
deviation (∆%) or ratio (dBr)
to reference value
Distortion
% or dB, referenced to signal amplitude,
THD and THD+N in all available level
units (absolute or relative to selectable
reference value)
Frequency
Hz, difference (∆), deviation (∆%) and
ratio (as quotient f/fref, 1/3 octave,
octave or decade) to reference value
(entered or stored, current generator frequency)
Phase
°, rad, difference (∆) to reference value
(entered or stored)
Reference value (level): Fixed value (entered or stored).
Current value of a channel or generator signal: permits direct measurement of
gain, linearity, channel difference, crosstalk. In sweep mode, traces (other trace
or loaded from file) can be used as a reference too.
Graphical display of results
Monitor (not R&S UPL66)
Display modes
Display functions
Test reports
Functions
Printer driver
Plotter language
Interfaces
Storage functions
Remote control
22
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
8.4“ LCD, colour
– display of any sweep trace
– display of trace groups
– bargraph display with
min./max. values
– spectrum, also as waterfall display
– list of results
– bar charts for THD and
intermodulation measurements
– autoscale
– X-axis zoom
– full-screen and part-screen mode
– 2 vertical,1 horizontal cursor line
– search function for max. values
– marker for harmonics (spectrum)
– user-labelling for graphs
– change of unit and scale also
possible for loaded traces
Extended analysis functions (option R&S UPL-B6)
Coherence and transfer functions
Frequency range
Frequency resolution
Averaging
FFT length
can be displayed simultaneously
DC to 21.9 kHz
from 5.86 Hz
2 to 2048
256, 512, 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k points
Rub & buzz measurement
simultaneous measurement of frequency
response, rub & buzz and polarity1)
10 Hz to 110 kHz
2 to 20 times fundamental
selectable
Frequency range
Tracking highpass filter
Lower/upper frequency limit
Measurement time
(200 Hz to 20 kHz, 200 points log.)
Multi-sine generator function
Mode 1
Mode 2
Third octave analysis
Number of third octaves
Frequency range
Level accuracy
Center frequency
22 Hz to 22 kHz
Stereo sine
Frequency range
Frequency
Phase
– instrument settings, optionally with
measured values and curves
– spectra
– sweep results
– sweep lists
– tolerance curves
– equalizer traces
via IEC 625-2 (IEEE 488) and RS-232;
commands largely to SCPI
(option R&S UPL-B4)
2s
extended functions
crest factor or phase of each
component selectable
crest factor selectable
for analyzer ANLG 22 kHz
and digital 48 kHz
32
22 Hz to 22 kHz
±0.2 dB
±1.0 dB (IEC 1260, class 0)
Sweep parameters
in digital generator only
2 Hz2) to 21.9 kHz
adjustable for each channel
0 to 360° (same frequency in both channels)
adjustable for each channel or
channel ratio 2/1
frequency and level of channel 1
Other functions
under development
Level
– screen copy to printer, plotter or file
(PCX, HPGL, Postscript)
– lists of results
– sweep lists
– tolerance curves
– list of out-of-tolerance values
– equalizer traces
supplied for approx. 130 printers
HP-GL
2 x RS-232-C, Centronics,
IEC 625 (option R&S UPL-B4)
6.3 mm jack
max. 8 V
max. 50 mA
10 Ω, short-circuit-proof
600 Ω
Hearing aids test accessories
(option R&S UPL-B7)
Consisting of acoustic test chamber, acoustic 2 cm³ coupler, various battery
adapters, connecting cables, software for measurements to IEC60118 and
ANSI S3.22.
Additionally required
options R&S UPL-B5 and R&S UPL-B10
1)
2)
With R&S UPL-B29 only in base rate mode.
Fixed frequency independent of clock rate.
LAN Interface for R&S UPL06/66
(option R&S UPL-B11)
Connector (rear panel)
Supported standards
LAN client
Supported protocols
RJ45
10Base-T (IEEE standard 10 Mbit/s
802.3)
100Base-Tx (IEEE standard
100 Mbit/s 802.3u)
Novell Netware
IPX, TCP/IP
Modification R&S UPL-U3
Change of source impedance of analog generator to 150 Ω
(instead of 200 Ω set as standard) at the factory
General data
Operating temperature range
Storage temperature range
Humidity
EMI
EMS
Safety standards
Conformity marks
Power supply
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Weight
0 °C to +45 °C
–20 °C to +60 °C
max. 85% for max. 60 days,
below 65% on average/year,
no condensation
EN 50081-1
EN 50082-1
DIN EN 61010-1, IEC 1010-1, UL 3111-1,
CAN/CSA C 22.2
No. 1010-1
VDE-GS, UL, cUL
100/120/220/230 V ±10%,
50 Hz to 60 Hz, 160 VA
435 mm x 192 mm x 475 mm
12.6 kg
Ordering information
Order designation
Audio Analyzer
Audio Analyzer
(for conformance tests on
GSM mobile phones)
Audio Analyzer
(without display and keypad)
Accessories supplied
Options
Low Distortion Generator
Digital Audio I/O 48 kHz
Digital Audio I/O 96 kHz
Digital Audio Protocol
Jitter and Interface Test
Coded Audio Signal Generation
Remote Control
Audio Monitor
Extended Analysis Functions
Hearing Aids Test Accessories
Mobile Phone Test Set
3G Mobile Phone Tests
Universal Sequence Controller
LAN Interface for R&S UPL06/66
Line Measurement to ITU-T O.33
XLR/BNC Adapter Set
150 Ω Modification
Recommended extras
19“ Rack Adapter
Service manual
Audio Switcher (Input, female)
Audio Switcher (Output, male)
R&S UPL
R&S UPL16
1078.2008.06
1078.2008.16
R&S UPL66
1078.2008.66
power cable, operating manual, backup
system disks with MS-DOS operating
system, backup program disk with operating and measurement software
R&S UPL-B1
R&S UPL-B2
R&S UPL-B29
R&S UPL-B21
R&S UPL-B22
R&S UPL-B23
R&S UPL-B4
R&S UPL-B5
R&S UPL-B6
R&S UPL-B7
R&S UPL-B8
R&S UPL-B9
R&S UPL-B10
R&S UPL-B11
R&S UPL-B33
R&S UPL-Z1
R&S UPL-U3
1078.4400.02
1078.4000.02
1078.5107.02
1078.3856.02
1078.3956.02
1078.5188.02
1078.3804.02
1078.4600.03
1078.4500.02
1090.2704.02
1117.3505.02
1154.7500.02
1078.3904.02
1154.7600.02
1078.4852.02
1078.3704.02
1078.4900.02
R&S ZZA-94
0396.4905.00
1078.2089.24
1120.8004.02
1120.8004.03
R&S UPZ
R&S UPZ
Audio Analyzer R&S UPL
23
0800 (Bi we)
Printed in Germany
PD757.2238.25 ⋅ Audio Analyzer R&S UPL ⋅ Trade names are trademarks of the owners ⋅ Subject to change ⋅ Data without tolerances: typical values
ROHDE&SCHWARZ GmbH & Co. KG ⋅ Mühldorfstraße 15 ⋅ 81671 München ⋅ Germany ⋅ P.O.B. 8014 69 ⋅ 81614 München ⋅ Germany ⋅ Telephone +49 89 4129-0
www.rohde-schwarz.com ⋅ Customer Support: Telephone +49 1805124242, Fax +49 89 4129-13777, E-mail: [email protected]
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