Eureka 5890 Vacuum Cleaner User Manual

TURF TRACER
S-SERIES LP
®
For Serial Nos.
312,000,000 & Higher
Part No. 4501-049 Rev. A
This spark ignition system complies with the
Canadian standard ICES-002. Ce système d’allumage
par ètincelle de vèhicule est conforme à la norme
NMB-002 du Canada
Keep this engine Owner’s Manual with your unit.
Should this engine Owner’s Manual become
damaged or illegible, replace immediately.
Replacements may be ordered through the
engine manufacturer.
Exmark reserves the right to make changes or
add improvements to its products at any time
without incurring any obligation to make such
changes to products manufactured previously.
Exmark, or its distributors and dealers, accept
no responsibility for variations which may be
evident in the actual specifications of its products
and the statements and descriptions contained
in this publication.
©2011 Exmark Mfg. Co., Inc.
Industrial Park Box 808
Beatrice, NE 68310
2
Contact us at www.Exmark.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Introduction
CONGRATULATIONS on the purchase of your
Exmark Mower. This product has been carefully
designed and manufactured to give you a maximum
amount of dependability and years of trouble-free
operation.
This manual contains operating, maintenance,
adjustment, and safety instructions for your Exmark
mower.
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number location
BEFORE OPERATING YOUR MOWER,
CAREFULLY READ THIS MANUAL IN ITS
ENTIRETY.
Model No.
By following the operating, maintenance, and safety
instructions, you will prolong the life of your mower,
maintain its maximum efficiency, and promote safe
operation.
Serial No.
If additional information is needed, or should
you require trained mechanic service, contact your
authorized Exmark equipment dealer or distributor.
Exmark parts manuals are available online at
http://www.exmark.com
All Exmark equipment dealers and distributors are
kept informed of the latest methods of servicing
and are equipped to provide prompt and efficient
service in the field or at their service stations. They
carry ample stock of service parts or can secure them
promptly for you from the factory.
All Exmark parts are thoroughly tested and inspected
before leaving the factory, however, attention is
required on your part if you are to obtain the fullest
measure of satisfaction and performance.
Whenever you need service, genuine Exmark parts,
or additional information, contact an Authorized
Service Dealer or Exmark Customer Service and have
the model and serial numbers of your product ready.
Figure 1 identifies the location of the model and serial
numbers on the product. Write the numbers in the
space provided.
3
Contents
Hydro Drive Linkage Adjustment ...................36
Tracking Adjustment ......................................39
Hydro Pump Spring Tension Setting ...............39
PTO Safety Switch .........................................39
LPG Regulator ..............................................39
Cleaning ............................................................40
Clean Engine and Exhaust System
Area ...........................................................40
Remove Engine Shrouds and Clean
Cooling Fins...............................................40
Clean Debris From Machine ...........................40
Clean Grass Build-Up Under Deck .................40
Waste Disposal ...............................................40
Troubleshooting ....................................................42
Schematics ............................................................45
Introduction ........................................................... 3
Safety ..................................................................... 5
Safety Alert Symbol ......................................... 5
Safe Operating Practices .................................. 5
Safety and Instructional Decals ......................12
Specifications ........................................................16
Model Numbers .............................................16
Systems ..........................................................16
Dimensions....................................................17
Torque Requirements .....................................18
Product Overview .................................................18
Operation ..............................................................19
Controls .........................................................19
Pre-Start.........................................................20
Operating Instructions ...................................21
Transporting ..................................................24
Maintenance ..........................................................26
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ............26
Periodic Maintenance ........................................27
Check Engine Oil Level ..................................27
Check Battery Charge .....................................27
Check Mower Blades ......................................28
Check Safety Interlock System ........................30
Check for Loose Hardware .............................30
Service Pre-Cleaner Element and Air
Cleaner.......................................................30
Change Engine Oil .........................................31
Check Hydraulic Oil Level ..............................31
Check Tire Pressures ......................................31
Check Condition Of Belts...............................31
Lubricate Grease Fittings................................31
Check Spark Plugs ..........................................32
Check LPG Tank............................................32
Check LPG Fuel Delivery System ...................32
Change Hydraulic System Filter ......................33
Wheel Hub-Slotted Nut Torque
Specification...............................................35
Inspect PTO Clutching Belt Tension...............35
Thread Locking Adhesives..............................35
Mobil HTS Grease (Or Food-Grade
Anti-seize)..................................................35
Copper-Based Anti-seize ................................35
Dielectric Grease............................................36
Adjustments ......................................................36
Deck Leveling ................................................36
Pump Drive Belt Tension................................36
PTO Clutching Belt Tension...........................36
Deck Belt Tension ..........................................36
Park Brake Adjustment...................................36
4
Safety
Safety
Safe Operating Practices
Safety Alert Symbol
Training
What is LPG? LPG stands for liquefied petroleum
gas and is more commonly called propane. LPG is
a liquid fuel that is stored in a tank under pressure.
Before the liquid leaves the tank, it is converted into
a vapor. Since LPG is stored as both liquid and gas,
it may leak from joints or connections that are not
sealed properly. LPG becomes flammable when it is
mixed with air.
This lawn mower meets or exceeds the B71.4
specifications of the American National Standards
Institute in effect at the time of production.
Exmark designed and tested this lawn mower to offer
reasonably safe service; however, failure to comply
with the following instructions may result in personal
injury.
The LPG information in this Operator's manual is
provided only as a guide. Consult the NFPA 58:
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, 2008 Edition for
additional safety information. This National Fire
Protection Association (NFPA) code pertains to the
handling, storing, transporting, and usage of LPG.
• Read the Operator’s Manual and other training
material. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can
not read English it is the owner’s responsibility to
explain this material to them.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the
equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained.
The owner is responsible for training the users.
• Never let children or untrained people operate
or service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
• Only adults and mature teenagers should operate
a mower, and even mature teenagers should have
adult supervision. Be sure a teenager:
1. has read and understands the Operator's
Manual and recognizes the risks involved;
2. is sufficiently mature to use caution; and
3. is of sufficient size and weight to operate
the controls comfortably and to manage the
mower without taking risks.
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible
for accidents or injuries occurring to himself or
herself, other people or property.
This Safety Alert Symbol (Figure 2) is used both in
this manual and on the machine to identify important
safety messages which must be followed to avoid
accidents.
This symbol means: ATTENTION! BECOME
ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
Figure 2
Safety Alert Symbol
The safety alert symbol appears above information
which alerts you to unsafe actions or situations
and will be followed by the word DANGER,
WARNING, or CAUTION.
DANGER: White lettering / Red background.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, Will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING: Black lettering / Orange background.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, Could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION: Black lettering / Yellow background.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, May result in minor or moderate injury.
This manual uses two other words to highlight
information. Important calls attention to special
mechanical information and Note emphasizes
general information worthy of special attention.
Preparation
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments are needed to properly and
safely perform the job. Only use accessories and
attachments approved by Exmark.
5
Safety
• Wear appropriate clothing including safety glasses,
substantial footwear, long trousers, and hearing
protection. Do Not operate when barefoot or
when wearing open sandals. Long hair, loose
clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving
parts.
DANGER
LPG fuel is extremely flammable and vapors
are explosive.
A fire or explosion from LPG fuel can burn
you, others, and cause property damage.
• Never smoke around tank(s) and stay
away from an open flame or where fumes
may be ignited by a spark.
CAUTION
This machine produces sound levels in excess
of 85 dBA at the operator’s ear and can cause
hearing loss through extended periods of
exposure.
• Extinguish all sources of spark or flame
when approaching LPG tanks or mowers.
The hazard increases for enclosed trailers
or storage locations where vapor leakage
may occur and collect.
Wear hearing protection when operating this
machine.
• LPG is heavier than air and may
accumulate in low lying areas, such as
ditches, drains, or pits.
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be
used and remove all rocks, toys, sticks, wires,
bones, and other foreign objects which can be
thrown by the machine and may cause personal
injury to the operator or bystanders.
• LPG tank(s) should be filled by trained
and qualified personnel ONLY.
• Never tamper with or repair the tank(s);
contact trained and qualified personnel.
• Do Not change the tank(s) when the
engine is running.
• Before disconnecting the hose(s), purge
all LPG vapors from the system, by
closing the fuel valve(s) on ALL tanks and
allowing the engine to run until it stops.
• Store the tank(s) away from heat, sparks,
or open flames.
• Do Not operate without entire exhaust
system in place and in proper working
condition.
6
Safety
functioning properly. Do Not operate unless they
are functioning properly.
DANGER
LPG fuel is extremely flammable and vapors
are explosive.
• In case of fire take the following steps:
1. If you can safely do so, stop the flow of
gas as quickly as possible. Never put
out flame unless gas can be shut off.
2. Notify the Fire Department and clear
immediate area of all people.
3. When gas flow is stopped, put out the
fire. Usually when flow of gas is cutoff,
fire will automatically stop.
4. If gas flow cannot be immediately
stopped, direct water on tanks to keep
them cool, but Do Not put out fire.
• Storage locations and trailers should be
equipped with at least one approved
portable fire extinguisher having a
minimum capacity of 18 lb (8.2 kg) dry
chemical with a B:C rating. Do Not
use Carbon Tetrachloride extinguishers
(Pyrene etc.).
Inspection
It is very important to check the LPG tank and
components for wear or leaks.
Important: Never check for leaks using an open
flame.
Important: Never use bare hands when
checking the fitting or valve. Escaping LPG
vapor and liquid freezes skin on contact.
Important: Only hand tighten tank connection
fitting. Over tightening by the use of tools may
cause damage. If hand tightening does not stop
a leak, contact trained and qualified personnel
immediately.
• Before each use:
– Visually inspect the tank, hose, and fitting and
be alert to a foul odor coming from the tank.
– The LPG tank should be free of dents or
damage. If the tank show signs of dents or
damage, replace it immediately.
– Check the valve and fitting openings for dirt
and debris.
– Slowly open the valve all the way and listen
for a continuous hiss from the regulator, it
may indicate a leak.
– LPG has a rotten egg or skunk smell added
to it to help detect a gas leak. If you detect
a gas leak:
◊ Turn off the LPG valve if you can safely
do so.
◊ Leave the area.
◊ Contact trained and qualified personnel
immediately.
– Do Not use if the hoses are abraded, damaged,
kinked, or flattened.
– Make sure the tank is securely mounted to
the mower. If the tank is loose, the hose or
fittings may leak.
• With each tank change:
– Check all gauges, fittings, and valves for
damage.
– Look for deterioration, damaged or missing
o-rings on tank connection fitting.
DANGER
LPG vapors and liquid escaping from the tank
may cause serious injury or death. Vapors
or liquid may cause suffocation, freezing of
tissue, or frostbite.
• Store and service the mower in a well
ventilated area.
• An approved LPG detector installed in
trailers and storage areas is recommended.
• LPG is heavier than air and may
accumulate in low lying areas, such as
ditches, drains, or pits.
• Avoid breathing of vapors.
• Keep away from vent valve.
• Keep away from eyes and skin.
• Contact trained and qualified personnel if
tank shows signs of frosted areas, makes a
hissing sound, or emits a foul odor.
• Obtain immediate medical attention if
contact occurs with vapors or liquid.
• Check that the operator's presence controls,
safety switches, and shields are attached and
7
Safety
Operation
– Inspect the LPG tank and the fuel connection
joint for leaks. Use the following procedure
below to detect leaks:
WARNING
Operating engine parts, especially the muffler,
become extremely hot. Severe burns can occur
on contact and debris, such as leaves, grass,
brush, etc. can catch fire.
• Allow engine parts, especially the muffler, to
cool before touching.
• Remove accumulated debris from muffler and
engine area.
• Install and maintain in working order a
spark arrester before using equipment
on forest-covered, grass-covered, or
brush-covered unimproved land.
◊ Apply an approved leak detector solution,
obtained from a trained and qualified LPG
distributor, or a thick non-ammonia soapy
water solution (50% non-ammonia soap
and 50% water). (A leak detector solution
that contains ammonia will cause the
fittings to corrode and leak.)
◊ Using a small brush or spray bottle, apply
the solution around all the fittings of the
LPG tank and the fuel connection joint.
◊ Slowly open the gas valve a half-turn.
◊ If bubbles are detected, the joint or fitting
has a leak. Shut off the valve, tighten
the leaking connection, and slowly open
the valve again. If bubbles still appear,
Do Not use the tank. If it is safe to do
so, remove the tank from your mower;
otherwise, contact trained and qualified
personnel immediately.
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide,
which is an odorless deadly poison that can kill
you.
Do Not run engine indoors or in a small confined
area where dangerous carbon monoxide fumes
can collect.
◊ If no bubbles are detected, the LPG tank
may be used.
• Weekly:
• Operate only in daylight or good artificial light,
keeping away from holes and hidden hazards.
• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake
is engaged before starting engine.
• Never raise deck with blades running.
• Never operate the mower with damaged guards,
shields, or covers. Always have safety shields,
guards, switches and other devices in place and in
proper working condition.
• Never mow with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered unless there is a grass
collection system or mulch kit in place and
working properly.
• Do Not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine.
• Park machine on level ground. Stop engine, wait
for all moving parts to stop, remove key and
engage parking brake:
– Before checking, cleaning or working on the
mower.
– After striking a foreign object or abnormal
vibration occurs (inspect the mower for
– Check the entire LPG fuel delivery system for
damage or deterioration.
– Check the entire LPG fuel delivery system for
leaks at all joints using the same method as
described in the previous section.
– Follow all the inspection checks as specified in
the two previous inspection sections.
• Tank Requalification:
– USDOT (United States Department of
Transportation) regulations require LPG tanks
to be inspected, requalified, and marked within
12 years of the manufacture date and on a
regular basis thereafter. Typically this occurs
when the tank is refilled; contact a trained and
qualified LPG tank provider for more details.
– Do Not fill the LPG tank if it is beyond the
requalification period.
– Do Not fill damaged or rusted LPG tanks.
8
Safety
damage and make repairs before restarting
and operating the mower).
DANGER
Operating on wet grass or steep slopes can
cause sliding and loss of control. Loss of control
and/or loss of operator's footing could result in a
fall with an arm or leg getting under the mower
or engine deck which may result in serious injury,
death or drowning.
– Before clearing blockages.
– Whenever you leave the mower.
• Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
engage parking brake:
– Before changing tanks.
• Mow across slopes, never up and down.
– Before dumping the grass catcher.
• Do Not mow slopes when grass is wet.
– Before making height adjustments.
• Do Not mow near drop-offs or near water.
• Do Not mow slopes greater than 20 degrees.
WARNING
Hands, feet, hair, clothing, or accessories can
become entangled in rotating parts. Contact
with the rotating parts can cause traumatic
amputation or severe lacerations.
• Reduce speed and use extreme caution on
slopes.
• Do Not operate the machine without
guards, shields, and safety devices in place
and working properly.
• See inside the back cover to determine the
approximate slope angle of the area to be mowed.
• Avoid sudden turns or rapid speed changes.
• Remove or mark obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc. from the mowing area. Tall grass can
hide obstacles.
• Keep hands, feet, hair, jewelry, or clothing
away from rotating parts.
• DO NOT operate the mower when people,
especially children, or pets are in the area.
• Watch for ditches, holes, rocks, dips and rises that
change the operating angle, as rough terrain could
overturn the machine.
• Be alert, slow down and use caution when
making turns. Look behind and to the side before
changing directions.
• Avoid sudden starts when mowing uphill because
the mower may tip backwards.
• Be aware that operating on wet grass, across steep
slopes or downhill may cause the mower to lose
traction. Loss of traction to the drive wheels may
result in sliding and a loss of braking and steering.
• Stop the blades, slow down, and use caution
when crossing surfaces other than grass and when
transporting the mower to and from the area to
be mowed.
• Always avoid sudden starting or stopping on a
slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades
and proceed slowly off the slope.
• Be aware of the mower discharge path and direct
discharge away from others.
• Do Not operate the mower under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for
wheel weights or counter weights to improve
stability.
• Use extreme care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Use extreme care with grass catchers or
attachments. These can change the stability of the
machine and cause loss of control.
Slope Operation
Maintenance and Storage
Use Extreme caution when mowing and/or turning
on slopes as loss of traction and/or tip-over could
occur. The operator is responsible for safe operation
on slopes.
• Disengage drives, lower implement, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect
spark plug wire. Wait for all movement to stop
before adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
9
Safety
• Keep engine and engine area free from
accumulation of grass, leaves, excessive grease
or oil, and other debris which can accumulate
in these areas. These materials can become
combustible and may result in a fire.
• Let engine cool before storing and Do Not store
near flame or any enclosed area where open pilot
lights or heat appliances are present.
• Store mower in a well ventilated outdoor shelter,
building, or trailer.
• Close fuel valve when mower is not in use,
including while storing or transporting.
• The empty tank(s) should be treated as if it was
full.
• Store the tank(s) outside of buildings in an open
well ventilated area, away from spark and flames.
• Do Not store the tank(s) or machine with
tank(s) in an area where the temperature can rise
above 120°F (49°C). If the temperature exceeds
approximately 160°F (71°C), the tank will release
highly flammable propane vapor. See Preparation
in the Safety Section.
• Store the tank(s) in upright position or with
pressure relief valve towards the top.
• Do Not drag, drop, or abuse the tank(s).
• Storage of the empty tank(s) should follow local
and state regulations.
• Park machine on level ground. Never allow
untrained personnel to service machine.
• Use jack stands to support components when
required.
• Carefully release pressure from components with
stored energy.
• Disconnect battery or remove spark plug wire
before making any repairs. Disconnect the
negative terminal first and the positive last.
Reconnect positive first and negative last.
• Use care when checking blades. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use caution when servicing
them. Only replace damaged blades. Never
straighten or weld them.
• Keep hands and feet away from moving parts.
If possible, Do Not make adjustments with the
engine running.
• Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area,
away from spark and flames. Unplug charger
before connecting or disconnecting from battery.
Wear protective clothing and use insulated tools.
DANGER
Charging or jump starting the battery may
produce explosive gases. Battery gases can
explode causing serious injury.
• Keep sparks, flames, or cigarettes away
from battery.
• Ventilate when charging or using battery
in an enclosed space.
• Make sure venting path of battery is
always open once battery is filled with
acid.
• Always shield eyes and face from battery.
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid,
which is poisonous and can cause severe
burns. Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or
if it touches skin can cause severe burns.
• Wear safety glasses to shield eyes, and
rubber gloves to protect skin and clothing
when handling electrolyte.
• Do Not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with
water and call a doctor immediately.
CAUTION
If the ignition is in the “ON” position there
is potential for sparks and engagement of
components. Sparks could cause an explosion
or moving parts could accidentally engage
causing personal injury.
Be sure ignition switch is in the “OFF”
position before charging the battery.
• Keep all guards, shields and all safety devices in
place and in safe working condition.
• Check all bolts frequently to maintain proper
tightness.
• Frequently check for worn or deteriorating
components that could create a hazard.
10
Safety
WARNING
Removing standard original equipment parts,
or using non-Exmark replacement parts and
accessories may alter the warranty, traction, and
safety of the machine. Failure to use original
Exmark parts could cause serious injury or death.
Replace all parts including, but not limited to,
tires, belts, and blades with original Exmark
parts.
WARNING
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure
can penetrate skin and cause injury. Fluid
accidentally injected into the skin must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this form of injury or gangrene may
result.
• If equipped, make sure all hydraulic fluid
hoses and lines are in good condition and all
hydraulic connections and fittings are tight
before applying pressure to hydraulic system.
• Keep body and hands away from pinhole
leaks or nozzles that eject high pressure
hydraulic fluid.
• Use cardboard or paper, not your hands, to
find hydraulic leaks.
• Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic
system by placing the motion control levers
in neutral and shutting off the engine before
performing any work on the hydraulic system.
11
Safety
Safety and Instructional Decals
• New safety signs may be obtained from
your authorized Exmark equipment dealer or
distributor or from Exmark Mfg. Co. Inc.
• Keep all safety signs legible. Remove all grease,
dirt and debris from safety signs and instructional
labels.
• Replace all worn, damaged, or missing safety
signs.
• When replacement components are installed, be
sure that current safety signs are affixed to the
replaced components.
• If an attachment or accessory has been installed,
make sure current safety signs are visible.
• Safety signs may be affixed by peeling off the
backing to expose the adhesive surface. Apply
only to a clean, dry surface. Smooth to remove
any air bubbles.
• Familiarize yourself with the following safety signs
and instruction labels. They are critical to the safe
operation of your Exmark commercial mower.
1-403143
1-303508
1-413214
1-303517
1-413327
1-403005
1-413421
12
Safety
103-2076
1-553049
98-5954
103-2103
103-1798
103–2242
103-1976
13
Safety
103–2243
109-9875
103-4935
109-3148
116-0404
109-9870
14
Safety
117–2718
109-9906
15
Specifications
Specifications
Model Numbers
Serial Nos: 312,000,000 and Higher
TTS600PKAE483
Systems
Note: Use of a “forklift” type liquid withdrawal tank
will result in icing or freezing of the LPG regulator
and prevent the engine from operating. This may
also result in permanent fuel system damage and the
release of highly flammable propane liquid or vapor.
Engine
• Engine Specifications: See your Engine Owner’s
Manual
• Engine Oil Type: Exmark 4–Cycle Premium
Engine Oil
• RPM: Full Speed: 3600 ±50 RPM (No Load) Idle:
1550 RPM
Electrical System
• Charging System: Flywheel Alternator
• Charging Capacity: 15 amps
• Battery Type: BCI Group U1 235 amps 0°F
Tank Type and Refilling
• Battery Voltage: 12 Volt
Important: The LPG tank used on this mower
is a special tank with internal baffles designed
for this application.
• Vertical Tank Specifications:
– Tank Material: Steel
– Capacity: 20 lb
– Disconnect Coupling: LH ACME Threaded
– Fuel Withdrawal: Vapor
– Fuel Shut-Off Valve: Rotate clockwise to
close.
• Type of Fuel: HD5 grade propane
• New tanks must be properly filled by trained and
qualified personnel.
• Only use tanks recommended by Exmark. Failure
to do so will result in improper operation of the
fuel system.
• Polarity: Negative Ground
• Fuses: Two blade type, 20 amp to charging circuit;
20 amp to electric clutch
Safety Interlock System:
• Operator must have OPC (Operator Presence
Control) levers held in contact with handle
grips, speed control lever in neutral, and PTO
disengaged to start engine. Release of OPC levers
will cause the engine to stop if speed control lever
is not in neutral and/or PTO is engaged.
• Park brake must be disengaged to move speed
control out of neutral or engine will kill.
Operator Controls
Steering Control: Fingertip drive control levers
provide independent speed control, braking and
neutral to each drive wheel for moving forward or
reverse, stopping, and power turning.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should propane
tanks filled beyond 80% capacity be used in
service.
Transmission
Twin Hydrostatic Drive
The use of overfilled tanks may result in the
release of highly concentrated and extremely
flammable liquid propane. Refer to the Safety
section.
• Two Hydro Gear variable displacement high
efficiency pumps independently coupled to two
high efficiency Parker/Ross wheel drive motors.
16
Specifications
• Hydraulic Oil: Use Exmark Premium Hydro Oil.
• Mulching Kit: Optional
• Hydraulic Oil Capacity: 2.4 qt. (2.2 L)
• Bagger: Optional
• Hydraulic Filter is replaceable cartridge type.
P/N 109-4180: 25 microns, 10 psi bypass
(Summer use above 32°F (0°C))
Dimensions
P/N 1-523541: 40 microns, 18 psi bypass (Winter
use below 32°F (0°C))
Overall Width:
• Speeds:
Deflector Up
48.1 inches (122.2 cm)
Deflector Down
58.25 inches (148.0 cm)
– 0-6.2 mph (10.0 km/hr) forward.
– 0-2.2 mph (3.5 km/hr) reverse.
Overall Length:
• Drive wheels release valves allow machine to be
moved when engine is not running.
73.7 inches (187.2 cm)
Wheel Drive System
Overall Height:
Drive wheels are direct coupled to Parker wheel drive
motors with 1 inch (25.4 mm) tapered shaft.
44.1 inches (112.0 cm)
Tread Width: (Outside to Outside of
Tires, Widthwise)
Tires & Wheels
Drive
39.4 inches (100.1 cm)
Front Caster
Pneumatic
(Air-Filled)
SemiPneumatic
Curb Weight:
Quantity
2
2
689 lb (313 kg)
Tread
Turf Master
Smooth
Size
16 x 7.50–8
9 x 3.50-4
Ply Rating
4
Pressure
14 psi
(97 kPa)
Cutting Deck
• Cutting Width: 47.25 inches (120.0 cm)
• Discharge: Side
• Blade Size: 16.25 inches (41.3 cm)— Quantity: 3
• Deck Drive: Manual engagement of belt with
over-center lock. Blade belt tension is adjustable
via turnbuckle.
• Deck Mounting: Full floating deck is attached to
out-front support frame, removable for service.
• Deck Depth: 48 inch Deck: 5.0 inches (12.7 cm)
• Cutting Height Adjustment:
Adjusts from 1 1/2 inches (3.8 cm) to 4 1/2
inches (11.4 cm) in 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) increments
17
Product Overview
Torque Requirements
Bolt Location
Torque
Cutter Housing Spindle
Nut
140-145 ft-lb
(190-197 N-m)
Blade Mounting Bolt
(lubricate with anti-seize)
55-60 ft-lb (75-81 N-m)
Product Overview
Engine Deck/Mower Deck 30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
Support Mount Bolts
Anti-Scalp Roller Nyloc
Nut See Figure 9
30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
Anti-Scalp Roller Whizlock 30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
Nut See Figure 9
Engine Mounting Bolts
15-20 ft-lb (20-27 N-m)
Wheel Lug Nuts
90-95 ft-lb (122-129 N-m)
Wheel Hub Slotted Nut
140-155 ft-lb
(190-210 N-m)
Wheel Motor Mounting
Bolts
30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
Muffler Guard Mounting
Bolts
30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
Figure 3
1. Park Brake Lever
2. Controls
18
3. LPG Fuel Tank
4. Height-of-Cut Pins
Operation
Operation
as shown in Figure 4, and the drive levers are released,
the drive wheels are engaged in the forward direction.
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the
machine from the normal operating position.
Squeezing the left hand and/or right hand lever
causes the left hand and/or right hand drive wheel
respectively to slow down, stop, or reverse, depending
on how far each drive lever is “squeezed”. Squeezing
the drive levers beyond the neutral position causes
the drive wheels to engage in the reverse direction
regardless of the position of the neutral lock latches
and the speed control lever.
Controls
Operator Presence Control (OPC)
Levers
Located on the upper handle assembly directly above
the handle grips.
Neutral Lock Latches
Located on the upper handle assembly on the ends
of the handle grips.
When these levers are depressed, the OPC system
senses that the operator is in the normal operator's
position. When the levers are released, the OPC
system senses that the operator has moved from the
normal operating position and will kill the engine if
either the speed control lever is not in the neutral
position or the PTO is engaged.
These latches allow the operator to lock the drive
levers in a “neutral” position where the drive wheels
are not engaged in either a forward or reverse
direction.
Throttle Control
Located on the control console’s right side.
The throttle is used to control engine speed. Moving
the throttle control forward will increase engine speed
and moving it to the rear will decrease engine speed.
Moving the throttle forward into the detent is full
position.
Speed Control Lever
Located in middle of control console.
The speed control lever controls the maximum
forward speed and is infinitely variable from neutral
0–6.2 mph (10.0 km/hr).
Figure 4
1. OPC Lever
2. Rotate neutral lock latch
downward for neutral
lock position
Park brake must be disengaged to move speed control
out of neutral or engine will kill.
3. Neutral Lock Latch
4. Drive Lever in neutral
position
Park Brake Lever
Located on the left side of the unit above the
hydraulic tank.
The brake lever engages the park brake on the drive
wheels.
Drive Levers
Located on each side of the upper handle assembly
ahead of and below the handle grips.
Pull the lever up and rearward to engage the brake.
Push the lever forward and down to disengage the
brake.
These levers individually control the speed and
direction of each drive wheel. When the speed control
lever is moved out of the neutral position and the
neutral lock latches are moved into the drive position,
When parking on a steep slope, the wheels must be
chocked or blocked in addition to the brake being
19
Operation
engaged. The unit must be tied down and brake
engaged when transporting.
The knob can be adjusted so that machine will “track”
straight ahead with the drive levers released.
The park brake must be disengaged to move speed
control out of neutral or engine will kill.
PTO Engagement
Located on the left side of the upper handle.
For manual start engines: The park brake must be
disengaged before the PTO is engaged or the engine
will kill.
To engage the blades, push the lever forward, or away
from the operator, until the linkage locks over-center.
To disengage the blades, pull the lever to the rear,
or towards the operator.
Ignition Switch
For manual start engines: The park brake must be
disengaged before the PTO is engaged or the engine
will kill.
Located on the left side of the control console.
The ignition switch is used to start and stop the
engine. The ignition switch has three positions,
“Off ”, “On” and “Start”. Insert key into switch
and rotate clockwise to the “On” position. Rotate
clockwise to the next position to engage the starter
(key must be held against spring pressure in this
position). Operator must have speed control lever in
neutral, OPC levers depressed and PTO disengaged
to start engine. When engine starts, release key.
LPG Cylinder Bracket
The bracket is located on the engine deck.
The LPG cylinder bracket is used to fasten the
removable LPG tank to the mower.
Fuel Gauge
Fuel Valve
Located on the LPG fuel tank.
Located on the LPG fuel tank.
This gauge monitors the amount of liquid LPG in
the fuel tank.
The fuel valve is used to open and close the fuel
supply when the machine is not in use, during
transport to and from the jobsite, and when parked
inside a well-ventilated building.
Safety Pressure Relief Valve
Located on the LPG fuel tank.
Rotate the fuel valve clockwise to turn off the fuel.
Rotate fuel valve counter-clockwise to turn on the
fuel.
The safety pressure relief valve relieves the excess
pressure in the LPG tank.
Drive Wheel Release Valves
Important: This valve has a protective plastic
cap that should NEVER be removed. If the
cap is damaged or missing, contact trained and
qualified personnel immediately.
Located on the left rear corner of the hydrostatic
pumps.
Pre-Start
Drive wheel release valves are used to release the
hydro-static drive system to allow the machine to be
moved by hand without the engine running.
LPG tanks supplied from Exmark Do Not contain
LPG fuel. Have the LPG tanks filled by trained and
qualified personnel. For best results, use clean, fresh
HD5 grade propane.
With a 5/8 wrench, turn both valves one turn
counterclockwise to release the drive system.
Turn clockwise to reset the drive system. Do Not
overtighten.
Do Not allow the LPG tanks to be overfilled.
Overfilling LPG tanks builds excess pressure within
the tank which causes the relief valve to open.
Tracking Adjustment Knob
Make sure you understand the controls, their
locations, their functions, and their safety
requirements.
Located on the right-hand side of the rear of the fuel
tank support.
20
Operation
Refer to the Maintenance section and perform all the
necessary inspection and maintenance steps.
the engine. Refer to Neutral Lock Latches
section in Controls.
Note: After starting the engine and engaging the
hydro drive, if either of the drive wheels acts sluggish
or will not rotate at all, stop engine and refer to
the Hydraulic System Air Purge Procedure in
Maintenance.
PTO Engagement
DANGER
The rotating blades under the mower deck are
dangerous. Blade contact can cause serious
injury or kill you.
Operating Instructions
Do Not put hands or feet under the mower or
mower deck when the blades are engaged.
Important: If at anytime you sense something
is wrong with the LPG equipment, stop the
mower in a safe location and turn the mower off.
If you can safely do so, close the fuel valve and
try to find the cause; otherwise, get away from
the mower and contact trained and qualified
personnel immediately.
DANGER
An uncovered discharge opening will allow
objects to be thrown in an operator’s or
bystander’s direction. Also, contact with the
blade could occur. Thrown objects or blade
contact can cause serious injury or death.
Open the Fuel Valve
1. Slowly open the fuel valve to equalize the pressure
in the tank. The fuel valve is located on the top
of the LPG tank. If the fuel valve is opened too
quickly, the pressure relief valve is equipped with
a back pressure check valve that will shut off the
fuel supply. If this happens, close the fuel valve
completely and wait five seconds. Slowly open
the fuel valve.
2. Rotate the fuel valve counter-clockwise to turn on
the fuel. If leaks are detected, refer to the leak
information in the Inspection section in Safety.
Never operate the mower with the discharge
deflector raised, removed, or altered unless there
is a grass collection system or mulch kit in place
and working properly.
The PTO switch engages the cutting blades. Be sure
that all persons are clear of mower deck and discharge
area before engaging the PTO.
1. Set throttle to “MIDWAY” position.
2. Push the PTO engagement arm forward and
down to engage blades.
3. Place the throttle in the “FAST” position to begin
mowing.
Starting the Engine
Note: Operator must have PTO disengaged, speed
control lever in neutral position, and OPC levers
depressed when starting the engine.
1. Push in on the PTO switch to the “STOP”
position.
2. Place the throttle in the “SLOW” position.
3. Turn ignition switch to “Start” position. Release
the switch as soon as the engine starts.
Disengaging the PTO
1. Set throttle to “MIDWAY” position.
2. Pull upward and back completely on the PTO
engagement arm to disengage the blades.
Stopping the Engine
Important: Do Not crank the engine
continuously for more than ten seconds at
a time. If the engine does not start, allow a
60 second starter cool-down period between
starting attempts. Failure to follow these
guidelines can burn out the starter motor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Note: It is helpful to have the left and right
neutral lock latches locked in neutral when starting
21
Bring the mower to a full stop.
Lock drive levers in neutral.
Disengage the PTO.
Move speed control lever to neutral.
Engage the parking brake.
Place the throttle in the “SLOW” position.
Operation
7. Turn off the fuel valve(s) and allow the engine to
run out of fuel. Failure to do this may cause the
engine to “flood” when re-starting.
8. Turn the ignition switch to the “OFF” position
once the engine has stopped.
9. Remove the key to prevent children or other
unauthorized persons from starting engine.
Important: There are NO adjustments
necessary for the LPG mower. Do Not make any
adjustments to the regulator or carburetor. If
the engine is not running properly, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
Figure 5
Driving the Machine
1. Drive Lever in neutral
position
3. Drive Lever in forward
position
Drive Lever/Neutral Lock Latch Operation
2. Drive Lever locked in
neutral position
4. Drive Lever in reverse
position
To lock the drive levers in “neutral lock”, squeeze the
drive levers to the “neutral” position (Do Not squeeze
the drive levers all the way back as this will cause the
drive wheels to go into full reverse direction). See
Figure 5 position 1. Place thumbs on the inner lobe
of the neutral lock latches and rotate them under
the drive levers into the “neutral lock” position. See
Figure 5 position 2. Release the drive levers.
Driving Forward
1. Release the parking brake.
2. With drive levers locked in “neutral”, shift speed
control lever to desired forward speed.
3. Slowly squeeze and hold both drive levers in
the neutral position and rotate both neutral lock
latches from the neutral lock position to the
forward position.
CAUTION
If the neutral lock latches are not completely
engaged the drive levers could unexpectedly slip
into the forward drive position. If the drive levers
slip into the drive position the unit could lurch
forward and cause injury or property damage.
Note: Do Not squeeze both drive levers all the
way back. This will cause the drive wheels to
engage in the reverse direction.
4. To move forward in a straight line, smoothly
release both drive levers to engage drive wheels.
Be sure the drive levers are past the roller and
securely seated at the bottom of the neutral lock
latches.
To turn left or right, squeeze the right hand drive
lever to turn right and the left hand drive lever
to turn left.
To place the drive levers in the “forward” position,
slightly squeeze the drive levers while placing thumbs
on the outer thumb lobe of the neutral lock latches
(or the index finger on the front lobe) and rotate them
from under the drive levers. Slowly and carefully
release the drive levers. See Figure 5 position 3.
To make a “zero turn”, squeeze either the left
hand or the right hand drive lever back into the
reverse position while the opposite drive lever is in
a forward position at an equal but opposite speed.
Note: For smooth operation of this machine,
avoid quick, jerky movements of the drive levers.
Move the drive levers smoothly and deliberately.
To place the drive levers in the “reverse” position,
squeeze the drive levers past the neutral position. See
Figure 5 position 4.
To stop, squeeze drive levers back to the “neutral”
position. Move the neutral lock latches into the
“neutral lock” position and release drive levers.
Move the speed control lever to the neutral
position.
22
Operation
Driving in Reverse
To move rearward in a straight line, squeeze drive
levers into the reverse position.
To turn left or right, squeeze the right hand drive lever
to turn left and the left hand drive lever to turn right.
To make a “zero turn”, squeeze either the left hand
or the right hand drive lever back into the reverse
position while the opposite drive lever is in a forward
position at an equal but opposite speed.
Note: For smooth operation of this machine, avoid
quick, jerky movements of the drive levers. Move the
drive levers smoothly and deliberately.
Figure 6
1. Deck support pin
To stop, squeeze drive levers back to the “neutral”
position. Move the neutral lock latches into the
“neutral lock” position and release drive levers. Move
the speed control lever to the neutral position.
2. Cutting Height
B. The tire pressures are set as directed in Check
Tire Pressures in the Maintenance section.
C. The length of the rear deck support link
assemblies average 6.89 inches (approximately
6 7/8 inches) (175.01 mm) from the center of
the balljoint to the center of the farthest hole.
See Figure 7.
Adjusting the Cutting Height
WARNING
When the two front support rod hairpins are
removed from the mower deck, the weight of the
tractor section may cause the front frame of the
unit to rise suddenly. If the unit rises suddenly,
injury may occur.
Note: All four pins must equally support the
weight of the deck. Adjustment in the length
of the rear deck support assemblies may be
necessary. If one side is longer than 6.89
inches (approximately 6 7/8 inches) (175.01
mm), than the opposite side must be shorter
by the same amount.
Securely hold down the front of the unit when the
front support rod hairpins are removed.
The cutting height of the mower deck is adjusted
from 1 1/2 to 4 1/2 inches (3.81 cm to 11.4 cm) in
1/2 inch increments.
1. Stop the machine and move the drive levers to the
neutral locked position.
2. Disengage the PTO.
3. Engage the park brake.
4. Stop the engine, remove the key and wait for all
moving parts to stop.
5. Install hairpin clips in the holes for the desired
cutting height. See Figure 6.
Important: To maintain correct cutting
height and rake, check the following for
proper adjustment.
A. The front and rear hairpins are in the same
holes with the proper spacers under the hair
pins. See Figure 6.
Figure 7
Left Hand Side Shown
23
Operation
Adjusting the Anti-Scalp Rollers
It is recommended to change the anti-scalp roller
position when the height of cut has changed.
1. Stop the machine and move the drive levers to
the neutral lock position.
2. Disengage the PTO.
3. Engage the park brake.
4. Stop the engine, remove the key and wait for all
moving parts to stop.
5. After adjusting the height of cut, adjust the
anti-scalp rollers by removing the whizlock nut
and spring disc washer.
Figure 9
6. Adjust anti-scalp rollers for Normal Operating
Conditions. Place rollers in one of the positions
shown in Figure 8. Rollers will maintain 3/4
inches (19 mm) clearance to the ground to
minimize gouging and roller wear or damage.
Note: For Maximum Deck Flotation, place
rollers one hole position lower. Rollers should
maintain 1/4 inch (6.35 mm) clearance to ground.
Do Not adjust rollers to support the deck. Be
sure roller bolts are installed with the spring disc
washer between head of the nut and mounting
bracket.
3. 3/8 nyloc-torque to 30-35
ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
2. Front right anti-scalp
bracket shown
4. 3/8-16 whizlock nut
torque to 30-35 ft-lb
(41-47 N-m)
Transporting
Transporting a Unit
WARNING
Loading the mower onto a trailer without strong
enough or properly supported ramps could be
dangerous. The ramps could collapse causing
the unit to fall, which could cause injury.
• Use proper ramps that are secured to the
truck or trailer.
• Keep feet and legs out from under the unit
when loading and unloading.
• If necessary, use assistance when loading.
Consult the NFPA 58: Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Code for additional information regarding LPG
transportation.
• Be sure the fuel valve is closed.
• Place spare LPG tank(s) in a DOT approved
storage cage.
– Transport tanks in an upright, vertical and
secure position to minimize movement,
tipping, or physical damage relative to other
tanks or to the storage cage while in transit.
– Place tanks so that valves, fittings, or gauges
are protected from physical damage during
transport.
Figure 8
For cutting heights above 3.5 inches (38 mm) use the
bottom hole. The rollers will still be effective against
scalping.
1. Anti-scalp roller
mounting bracket
1. Spring disc washer
(cone towards nut )
2. Cutting height
7. Torque the 3/8–16 whizlock nut to 30-35 ft-lb
(41-47 N-m) (Figure 9).
8. If the 3/8 nyloc nut has been removed, reinstall
and torque to 30–35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m) (Figure 9).
24
Operation
• Place tank(s) in a well-ventilated trailer.
• Do Not store the tank(s) or machine with
tank(s) in an area where the temperature can rise
above 120°F (49°C). If the temperature exceeds
approximately 160°F (71°C), the tank will release
highly flammable propane vapor. See Preparation
in the Safety Section.
• Do Not transport LPG tank(s) in the passenger
space of a vehicle.
• Do Not transport leaking fuel tanks.
• Trailers must have appropriate markings to
transport LPG.
• Follow NFPA 58 and state and local regulations
for transporting LPG.
• Use a heavy duty trailer to transport the machine.
Engage neutral lock latches and park brake, then
block wheels.
• Securely fasten the machine to the trailer with
straps, chains, cables, or ropes.
• Do Not rely solely on the parking brake to hold
the machine on the trailer.
• Be sure that the trailer has all necessary lighting
and marking as required by law and use a safety
chain.
25
Maintenance
Maintenance
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
WARNING
WARNING
While maintenance or adjustments are being
made, someone could start the engine.
Accidental starting of the engine could seriously
injure you or other bystanders.
The engine can become very hot. Touching a hot
engine can cause severe burns.
Allow the engine to cool completely before
service or making repairs around the engine area.
Remove the key from the ignition switch, engage
parking brake, and pull the wire(s) off the spark
plug(s) before you do any maintenance. Also
push the wire(s) aside so it does not accidentally
contact the spark plug(s).
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After the first 2 hours
• Inspect PTO clutching belt tension. Check every 2 hours for the first 8 hours of operation.
After the first 5 hours
• Change the engine oil.
After the first 100 hours
• Check wheel hub-slotted torque specification.
After the first 250 hours
• Change the hydraulic filter.
Before each use or daily
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the engine oil level.
Check the mower blades.
Check the safety interlock system.
Check for loose hardware.
Grease the caster wheel bearings.
Grease caster pivots.
Check the LPG tank and components.
Clean the engine and exhaust system area.
Clean the grass and debris build-up from the machine and cutting deck.
Clean the grass build-up from under the deck.
Every 25 hours
• Service the air cleaner. (May need more often under severe conditions. See the Engine
Owner's manual for additional information.)
Every 40 hours
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Every 80 hours
• Remove engine shrouds and clean cooling fins.
Every 100 hours
• Change the engine oil. (May need more often under severe conditions.)
Every 160 hours
• Check the spark plugs. (See Check Spark Plug section for proper spark plug gap.)
Check the hydraulic oil level.
Check the tire pressures.
Check the condition of the belts.
Grease the pump drive idler pivot.
Grease the clutch arm pivot.
Grease the pump control bearings.
Grease the mower deck idler pivot.
Check the entire LPG fuel delivery system.
Inspect PTO clutching belt tension.
26
Maintenance
Maintenance Service
Interval
Every 500 hours
Monthly
Maintenance Procedure
• Change the hydraulic filter (Every 250 hours/yearly if using Mobil 1 15W50)
• Check wheel hub-slotted torque specification.
• Check the battery charge.
• Grease the PTO engagement bellcrank.
Periodic Maintenance
storage when the open circuit voltage drops to 12.4
volts.
Check Engine Oil Level
Note: To prevent damage due to freezing, battery
should be fully charged before putting away for
winter storage.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Make sure unit is on a level surface.
2. Check with engine cold.
3. Clean area around dipstick. Remove dipstick and
wipe oil off. Reinsert the dipstick and push it all
the way down into the tube. Do Not screw into
place. Remove the dipstick and read the oil level.
4. If the oil level is low, wipe off the area around the
oil fill cap, remove cap and fill to the “FULL”
mark on the dipstick. Exmark 4-Cycle Premium
Engine Oil is recommended; refer to the Engine
Owner's manual for an acceptable alternative. Do
Not overfill.
Check the voltage of the battery with a digital
voltmeter. Locate the voltage reading of the battery in
the table and charge the battery for the recommended
time interval to bring the charge up to a full charge
of 12.6 volts or greater.
Important: Make sure the negative battery cable
is disconnected and the battery charger used for
charging the battery has an output of 16 volts and
7 amps or less to avoid damaging the battery (see
chart for recommended charger settings).
Important: Do Not operate the engine with the
oil level below the “LOW” (or “ADD”) mark on
the dipstick, or over the “FULL” mark.
Check Battery Charge
Service Interval: Monthly
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling.
Voltage
Reading
Percent
Charge
Maximum
Charger
Settings
Charging
Interval
12.6 or
greater
100%
16 volts/7
amps
No
Charging
Required
12.4 – 12.6
75–100%
16 volts/7
amps
30 Minutes
12.2 – 12.4
50–75%
16 volts/7
amps
1 Hour
12.0–12.2
25–50%
14.4 volts/4 2 Hours
amps
11.7–12.0
0–25%
14.4 volts/4 3 Hours
amps
11.7 or less
0%
14.4 volts/2 6 Hours or
More
amps
Recommended Jump
Starting Procedure
Allowing batteries to stand for an extended period of
time without recharging them will result in reduced
performance and service life. To preserve optimum
battery performance and life, recharge batteries in
Service Interval: As required
1. Check the weak battery for terminal corrosion
(white, green, or blue “snow”), it must be cleaned
27
Maintenance
Note: Be sure the vent caps are tight and level.
Place a damp cloth, if available, over any vent
caps on both batteries. Be sure the vehicles do
not touch and that both electrical systems are
off and at the same rated system voltage. These
instructions are for negative ground systems only.
3. Connect the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the discharged battery that is wired to
the starter or solenoid as shown in Figure 10.
off prior to jump starting. Clean and tighten
connections as necessary.
CAUTION
Corrosion or loose connections can cause
unwanted electrical voltage spikes at anytime
during the jump starting procedure.
Do Not attempt to jump start with loose or
corroded battery terminals or damage to the
engine may occur.
DANGER
Jump starting a weak battery that is cracked,
frozen, has low electrolyte level, or an
open/shorted battery cell, can cause an
explosion resulting in serious personal injury.
Do Not jump start a weak battery if these
conditions exist.
Figure 10
1. Positive (+) cable on discharged battery
2. Make sure the booster is a good and fully charged
lead acid battery at 12.6 volts or greater. Use
properly sized jumper cables (4 to 6 AWG) with
short lengths to reduce voltage drop between
systems. Make sure the cables are color coded or
labeled for the correct polarity.
2. Positive (+) cable on booster battery
3. Negative (–) cable on the booster battery
4. Negative (–) cable on the engine block
5. Booster battery
6. Discharged battery
7. Engine block
CAUTION
4. Connect the other end of the positive cable to the
positive terminal of the booster battery.
5. Connect the black negative (–) cable to the other
terminal (negative) of the booster battery.
6. MAKE THE FINAL CONNECTION ON
THE ENGINE BLOCK OF THE STALLED
VEHICLE (NOT TO THE NEGATIVE POST)
AWAY FROM THE BATTERY. STAND BACK.
7. Start the vehicle and remove the cables in the
reverse order of connection (the engine block
(black) connection is the first to disconnect).
Connecting the jumper cables incorrectly
(wrong polarity) can immediately damage the
electrical system.
Be certain of battery terminal polarity and
jumper cable polarity when hooking up
batteries.
Note: The following instructions are adapted
from the SAE J1494 Rev. Dec. 2001 – Battery
Booster Cables – Surface Vehicle Recommended
Practice (SAE – Society of Automotive
Engineers).
Check Mower Blades
WARNING
Batteries contain acid and produce explosive
gases.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Lift deck and secure in raised position as stated in
the Clean Grass Build-Up Under Deck section.
• Shield the eyes and face from the batteries
at all times.
• Do Not lean over the batteries.
28
Maintenance
3. Inspect blades and sharpen or replace as required.
WARNING
4. Reinstall the blades (if they were removed) in the
following order:
Incorrect installation of the blade or
components used to retain the blade can
be dangerous. Failure to use all original
components and assembled as shown could
allow a blade or blade component to be
thrown out from under the deck resulting in
serious personal injury or death.
A. Install bushing through blade with bushing
flange on bottom (grass) side of blade.
Always install the original Exmark blades,
blade bushings, and blade bolts as shown.
Replacing the Discharge
Deflector
Figure 11
Service Interval: As required
1. Install bushing in blade prior to installing bushing in
spindle.
DANGER
An uncovered discharge opening could allow the
lawn mower to throw objects in the operator’s or
bystander’s direction and result in serious injury.
Also, contact with the blade could occur.
B. Install bushing/blade assembly into spindle.
Never operate the lawn mower unless you install
a mulch plate, discharge deflector, or grass
collection system.
1. To remove a damaged or worn discharge deflector,
lift the leg of the spring with the loop out of the
notch in the discharge deflector and slide the
rod out of the discharge deflector brackets, and
discharge deflector.
2. To install new discharge deflector, orient the
spring on the rod as shown in Figure 13. Slide the
rod through the front discharge deflector bracket,
discharge deflector, and rear deflector bracket.
Figure 12
1. Use wrench here for
blade installation. This
nut has been torqued to
140–145 ft-lb (190–197
N-m)
2. Torque to 55-60 ft-lb
(75-81 N-m) Apply
lubricant to threads
as needed to prevent
seizing. Copper-based
anti-seize preferable.
Grease acceptable
substitute.
C. Apply lubricant to threads of blade bolt as
needed to prevent seizing. Copper-based
anti-seize preferable. Grease acceptable
substitute. Install blade bolt finger tight. Place
wrench on the top spindle nut then torque the
blade bolts to 55-60 ft-lb (75-81 N-m).
29
Maintenance
Try to start with, OPC levers depressed, speed
control lever in any speed but neutral and PTO
disengaged–starter must not crank.
Try to start with OPC levers depressed,
speed control lever in neutral and PTO
engaged–starter must not crank. .
2. For All Units: Check OPC circuits. Clear the
area. Disengage the park brake. Run engine at
one-third throttle, then, with drive levers and
neutral lock latches in neutral lock position,
move the speed control lever out of neutral and
release OPC levers–engine must stop. Again,
run engine at one-third throttle, move the speed
control lever to neutral, engage PTO and release
OPC levers–engine must stop.
Note: Park brake must be disengaged before the
speed control lever is moved out of neutral or engine
will kill.
Figure 13
1. Rod
2. Spring
3. Discharge deflector
For Manual Start Engines: The park brake must be
disengaged before the PTO is engaged or the engine
will kill.
4. Mower deck
5. Discharge deflector
bracket
6. Assembled view
Note: If machine does not pass any of these tests,
do not operate. Contact your authorized EXMARK
SERVICE DEALER.
3. Hook the bent end of the rod around the front
discharge deflector bracket to retain it from
sliding out. Place the leg of the spring with the
loop in the notch in the discharge deflector to
hold the discharge deflector in the down position
(see Figure 13).
Important: It is essential that operator safety
mechanisms be connected and in proper
operating condition prior to use for mowing.
Check for Loose Hardware
Important: The discharge deflector must be
spring loaded in the down position. Lift the
deflector up to test that it snaps to the full
down position.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Visually inspect machine for any loose hardware
or any other possible problem. Tighten hardware
or correct the problem before operating.
Check Safety Interlock
System
Service Pre-Cleaner Element
and Air Cleaner
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. For Electric Start Units Only: Check starting
circuit. Starter should crank with: Operator
Presence Control levers depressed, speed control
lever in neutral, and PTO disengaged.
Service Interval: Every 25 hours—Service
the air cleaner. (May
need more often under
severe conditions. See
the Engine Owner's
manual for additional
information.)
Try to start the engine with OPC levers
disengaged, speed control lever in neutral and
PTO disengaged–starter must not crank.
30
Maintenance
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key or spark plug wire(s). Engage parking
brake.
2. See the Engine Owner's Manual for cleaning
instructions.
temperature of the oil. The “HOT” level shows
the level of oil when it is at 225°F (107°C). The
“COLD” level shows the level of the oil when
it is at 75°F (24°C). Fill to the appropriate level
depending upon the temperature of the oil. For
example: If the oil is about 150°F (65°C), fill to
halfway between the “HOT” and “COLD” levels.
If the oil is at room temperature (about 75°F
(24°C)), fill only to the “COLD” level.
Change Engine Oil
Service Interval: After the first 5 hours
Every 100 hours (May
need more often under
severe conditions.)
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Drain oil while engine is warm from operation.
3. The oil drain hose assembly is located on the left
side of the engine.
Check Tire Pressures
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Check tire pressure in drive tires.
3. Inflate drive tires to 12–16 psi (83–110 kPa).
4. Inflate tires to pressures stated above. Measure
the circumference of each drive tire. Adjust tire
pressures within the above range to try to make
tire circumferences match as closely as possible.
5. Semi-pneumatic caster tires do not need to be
inflated.
Place pan under machine to catch oil. Remove
plug from end of drain hose. Allow oil to drain
and replace oil drain plug. Torque plug to 20-24
ft-lb.
4. Replace the oil filter per the Engine Owner's
Manual. Clean around oil filter and unscrew filter
to remove. Before the new filter is installed,
apply a thin coating of Exmark 4–Cycle Premium
Engine Oil on the surface of the rubber seal.
Turn filter clockwise until rubber seal contacts
the filter adapter, then tighten filter an additional
2/3 to 3/4 turn.
5. Clean around oil fill cap and remove cap. Fill to
specified capacity and replace cap.
6. Use oil recommended in the Check Engine Oil
Level section. Do Not overfill. Start the engine
and check for leaks. Stop engine and recheck oil
level.
Check Condition Of Belts
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Remove the mower deck belt shield to check
mower blade drive belt condition.
3. Look under engine deck to check the pump drive
belt condition.
4. Check all idler arms to be sure they pivot freely.
Disassemble, clean and grease pivot bushings if
necessary.
Check Hydraulic Oil Level
Lubricate Grease Fittings
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop,
and remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Clean area around hydraulic reservoir cap and
remove cap. Oil level should be to the top of the
baffle inside the tank. If not, add oil. Use Exmark
Premium Hydro Oil. Replace hydraulic reservoir
cap and tighten until snug. Do Not overtighten.
Note: See chart for service intervals.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Lubricate fittings with NGLI grade #2
multi-purpose gun grease.
Refer to the following chart for fitting locations
and lubrication schedule.
Note: The baffle is labeled “HOT” and
“COLD”. The oil level varies with the
Lubrication Chart
31
Maintenance
1. Caster
Wheel
Bearings
12
2
2
2
Daily
Remove spark plugs, check condition and reset gaps,
or replace with new plugs. See Engine Owner's
Manual for corrrect spark plug part number. Set
the spark plug gap to .025 inch (.64 mm) for a LPG
powered engine.
2. Caster
Pivots
2
2
2
2
Daily
Check LPG Tank
3. PTO
Engagement
Bellcrank
1
1
1
1
40 hours
4. Pump
Drive Idler
Pivot
2
1
1
1
Yearly
5. Clutch
Arm Pivot
1
1
1
1
40 hours
6. Pump
Control
Bearings
2
2
2
2
40 hours
7. Mower
Deck Idler
Pivots
2
Fitting
Locations
Initial
Pumps
Number of Places
Service
Interval
36 inch
Deck
48 inch
Deck
52 inch
Deck
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Check the LPG tank and components for wear or
leaks. Follow all the inspection checks as specified in
the Inspection section in Safety.
Check LPG Fuel Delivery
System
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1
1
1
Yearly
Check the entire LPG fuel delivery system for damage
or deterioration. Follow all the inspection checks as
specified in the Inspection section in Safety.
Change LPG Tank
Service Interval: As required
Change the LPG tanks outdoors in a well ventilated
area.
1. Stop the machine on level ground, disengage the
PTO, and engage the parking brake.
2. Close the fuel valve to the tank.
3. Purge all vapors from the hose, by running the
engine until it stops, turn key to “OFF” and
remove it from the ignition.
4. Carefully disconnect the LPG fuel hose.
5. Unlatch the cylinder bracket and remove the tank.
Number 4 Idler Pivot (Pump Drive) Located
under engine deck.
Number 5 (Clutch Arm Pivot) Located under
engine deck.
3. Lubricate pivot points with a spray penetrating
lubricant as shown in the Spray Lubricant Chart.
WARNING
Fuel system components are under high
pressure. The use of damaged or improper
components can cause system failure, fuel
leakage, and possible explosion, which may
result in serious injury or death.
• Do Not attempt to repair or modify the
valves, fittings, or other tank components.
• ONLY use the Exmark approved LPG
tank, fittings, and hoses that were
designed for your mower.
Spray Lubricant Chart
Pivot Point
1. PTO Lever
Number of Places
Service Interval
1
40 hours
Check Spark Plugs
Service Interval: Every 160 hours
32
Maintenance
Every 500 hours/Yearly
(whichever comes
first) thereafter
(Every 250 hours/Yearly if
using Mobil 1 15W50)
6. Inspect the filled tank valve and fitting openings
for dirt, debris, or damage.
7. Inspect the tank hose connection fitting for
damaged or missing o-rings.
8. Make sure the replacement tank type and size
match the tank specification decal.
Note: Use only Exmark Part No. 109-4180 for
Summer use above 32°F (0°C) or P/N 1-523541 for
Winter use below 32°F (0°C) (Refer to Transmission
section in Specifications for filter specifications).
9. Mount the tank by aligning the slot with the
mounting tab as shown in Figure 14
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Carefully clean area around filter. It is important
that no dirt or contamination enter hydraulic
system.
3. Unscrew filter to remove and allow oil to drain
from reservoir.
Important: Before reinstalling new filter, fill
it with Exmark Premium Hydro oil and apply
a thin coat of oil on the surface of the rubber
seal.
Turn filter clockwise until rubber seal contacts the
filter adapter, then tighten the filter an additional
2/3 to 3/4 turn.
Figure 14
1. Tank slot
2. Mounting tab
3. LPG Tank
4. Fill reservoir as stated in Check Hydraulic Oil
Level.
Important: Valves and gauges may not
function properly if the LPG tank is not
installed correctly.
Exmark Premium Hydro Oil is recommended.
Refer to the chart for an acceptable alternative:
10. Latch the bracket and make sure the tank is
securely fastened to the mower.
11. Carefully connect the fuel hose; the threads are
LH. Make sure the hose is not kinked.
12. Slowly open the fuel valve to equalize the pressure
in the tank. If the fuel valve is opened too quickly,
the pressure relief valve is equipped with a back
pressure check valve that will shut off the fuel
supply. If this happens, close the fuel valve
completely and wait five seconds. Slowly open
the fuel valve.
Hydro Oil
Change Interval
Exmark Premium Hydro
Oil (Preferred)
500 Hours
Mobil 1 15W50
250 Hours
5. Loosen filter 1/2 turn and allow a small amount
of oil to leak from the oil filter (this allows air to
be purged from the oil filter and supply hose from
the hydraulic reservoir). Turn filter clockwise
until rubber seal contacts the filter adapter. Then
tighten the filter an additional 2/3 to 3/4 turn.
6. Raise the rear of machine up and support with
jack stands (or equivalent support) just high
enough to allow drive wheels to turn freely.
13. Check for leaks as described in the Inspection
section in Safety.
7. If either drive wheel does not rotate, one or both
of the charge pumps (located on the top of the
main pump as shown in Figure 15) may have lost
their “prime”. Refer to Hydraulic System Air
Purge section.
Change Hydraulic System
Filter
Service Interval: After the first 250 hours
33
Maintenance
Note: Do Not change hydraulic system oil (except
for what can be drained when changing filter), unless
it is felt the oil has been contaminated or been
extremely hot.
Changing oil unnecessarily could damage hydraulic
system by introducing contaminates into the system.
3. Start engine and move throttle control ahead to
full throttle position. Move the speed control
lever to the middle speed position and place the
drive levers in the “drive” position.
If either drive wheel does not rotate, it is possible
to assist the purging of the charge pump by
carefully rotating the tire in the forward position.
Hydraulic System Air Purge
Note: It is necessary to lightly touch the charge
pump cap with your hand to check the pump
temperature. If the cap is too hot to touch, turn
off engine. The pumps may be damaged if the
pump becomes too hot.
Service Interval: As required
Air must be purged from the hydraulic system
when any hydraulic components, including oil
filter, are removed or any of the hydraulic lines are
disconnected.
If either drive wheel still does not rotate continue
with step 4.
The critical area for purging air from the hydraulic
system is between the oil reservoir and each
charge pump located on the top of each variable
displacement pump (Figure 15). Air in other parts of
the hydraulic system will be purged through normal
operation once the charge pump is “primed”.
4. Thoroughly clean the area around each of the
charge pump housings.
5. To “prime” charge pump, loosen two hex socket
head capscrews (shown in Figure 15) 1 1/2 turns
only. Make sure engine is not running. Lift
the charge pump housing upward and wait for
a steady flow of oil to flow out from under the
housing. Retighten the capscrews. Do this for
both pumps.
Note: Hydraulic reservoir can be pressurized up
to 5 psi to speed this process.
6. If either drive wheel still does not rotate, stop
and repeat steps 4 and 5 above for the respective
pump. If wheels rotate slowly, the system may
prime after additional running. Check oil level
as stated in Check the Hydraulic Oil Level
section.
7. Allow unit to run several minutes after the charge
pumps are “primed” with drive system in the full
speed position. Check oil level as stated in Check
the Hydraulic Oil Level section.
8. Check hydro drive linkage adjustment as stated in
Hydro Drive Linkage Adjustment section in
Adjustments.
Figure 15
1. Charge pump cap
2. Loosen 1 1/2 turns only
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Raise the rear of the machine up onto jack stands
high enough to raise the drive wheels off the
ground.
2. Check oil level as stated in Check Hydraulic Oil
Level section.
34
Maintenance
Thread Locking Adhesives
Wheel Hub-Slotted Nut
Torque Specification
Thread locking adhesives such as “Loctite 242”
or “Fel-Pro, Pro-Lock Nut Type” are used on the
following fasteners:
Service Interval: After the first 100 hours
Every 500 hours thereafter
• Pump sheave setscrews.
Torque the slotted nut to 140-155 ft-lb (190-210
N-m).
• Square head setscrews on hydro pump control
arms.
Note: Do Not use anti-seize on wheel hub.
• OPC lever setscrews.
• Lower sheave retaining bolt on clutch arm.
Inspect PTO Clutching Belt
Tension
• Shoulder bolts in ends of speed control crank.
• Sheave retaining bolt in end of engine crankshaft.
• Fuel tank bulkhead fitting threads
Service Interval: After the first 2 hours
Check every 2 hours
for the first 8 hours of
operation.
Adhesives such as “Loctite RC/609 or RC/680” or
“Fel-Pro Pro-Lock Retaining I or Retaining II” are
used on the following:
Every 40 hours thereafter.
• OPC lever hubs and cross-shaft.
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Note: Care must be used not to bond the
bearing, next to each OPC hub, to the cross-shaft
which could cause binding of the OPC levers and
erratic operation.
2. Engage PTO lever.
3. Look through the round hole in the left rear
corner of the engine deck to inspect blade
clutching belt tension. Bolt on blade engagement
linkage bellcrank and indicator arm should align
within 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) (see Figure 16). Refer
to PTO Engagement Linkage for adjustment.
• Fuel tank studs, where studs are inserted into tank.
Mobil HTS Grease (Or
Food-Grade Anti-seize)
Mobil HTS grease (or food-grade anti-seize) is used
in the following locations:
• Between the cutter housing spindle and bearings.
• Between the cutter housing spindle and sheave.
• Under top cutter housing bearing guard.
Copper-Based Anti-seize
Copper-based anti-seize is used in the following
locations:
Figure 16
1. Engine deck
3. Align bolt to indicator
within 1/16 inch (1.6
mm)
2. Indicator
4. Turnbuckle
• On threads of Blade Bolts. See Check Mower
Blades section.
• Between engine crankshaft and pump and blade
drive sheaves.
• On clutch arm assembly between bearings and
shaft and between lower sheave and shaft.
• Between pump shafts and sheaves.
35
Maintenance
Dielectric Grease
Adjustments
Dielectric grease is used on all blade type electrical
connections to prevent corrosion and loss of contact.
Dielectric grease should not be applied to sealed
connectors.
Note: Disengage PTO, shut off engine, wait for
all moving parts to stop, engage parking brake, and
remove key before servicing, cleaning, or making any
adjustments to the unit.
Deck Leveling
See Adjusting the Cutting Height section in
Operation.
Pump Drive Belt Tension
Self-tensioning - No adjustment necessary.
PTO Clutching Belt Tension
See Inspect PTO Clutching Belt Tension section.
Deck Belt Tension
Self-tensioning - No adjustment necessary.
Park Brake Adjustment
1. Shut off engine and wait for all moving parts to
stop.
2. Disengage the park brake.
3. Remove the hairpin in the park brake linkage.
Turn the linkage in the yoke until there is 3/16
inch (4.8 mm) to 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) clearance
between the park brake tire bars and the tires with
the park brake disengaged. Re-install the hairpin.
Hydro Drive Linkage
Adjustment
• Adjust Speed Control Linkage and Neutral
Safety Switch:
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Engage parking brake. Remove key or
spark plug wire(s).
2. Move the speed control lever (located on
the console) to the full forward position and
check the orientation of the tabs on the ends
of the speed control crank (see Figure 17).
These tabs should be pointing straight down
at the 6 o’clock position or slightly forward.
Adjust the threaded yoke at the bottom of the
36
Maintenance
speed control linkage (see Figure 17) until the
tabs are positioned correctly.
Figure 17
Viewed from Left Side of Unit
1. Neutral Safety Switch
3. 5/16 inch (7.9 cm)
Figure 18
Viewed from Left Side of Unit
2. Actuating Tab
3. Pull the speed control lever back to neutral.
Check that the neutral safety switch actuating
tab has depressed the plunger of the switch so
that there is about 5/16 inch (7.9 cm) between
the tab and the switch (see Figure 17). If
necessary, move the switch fore and aft.
1. Neutral Control Linkage
5. Speed Control Linkage
2. Hydro Control Linkage
3. Drive Lever Linkage
6. Adjust here-rotate at
approximately 1/4
turn increments and
re-check.
7. Loosen nut
4. Speed Control Crank
8. Yoke
• Adjust Neutral Control Linkages:
4. Loosen the nut against the neutral control
linkage yoke as shown in Figure 18.
1. Raise the rear of the machine up onto jack
stands high enough to raise the drive wheels
off of the ground.
5. Adjust the neutral control linkage until
the respective drive wheel stops when the
lever is pulled against the neutral spring
(neutral position). Turn the adjusting bolt
approximately 1/4 turn clockwise if the
wheel is turning in reverse or turn the bolt
approximately 1/4 turn counterclockwise if
the wheel is turning forward. Release the
drive lever to the forward drive position and
squeeze back into the neutral position. Check
to see if the wheel stops. If not, repeat the
above adjustment procedure.
2. Start the engine and move the throttle ahead
to the full throttle position. Place the neutral
lock latches in the “forward” position as
shown in Figure 4. Release the park brake
and move the speed control lever to the
“mid-speed” position.
Note: The OPC levers must be held down
and the park brake must be disengaged
whenever the speed control lever is moved
out of neutral or the engine will kill.
6. Make this adjustment on both sides.
3. Squeeze the respective drive lever until an
increased resistance is felt, this is where
neutral should be.
7. After adjustments are made and the wheels
stop when the drive levers are in the neutral
position, tighten the nuts against the yokes.
If the wheel turns while holding the drive
lever in neutral, the neutral control linkages
need to be adjusted. If the wheel stops then
go to step 7.
• Adjust Hydro Control Linkages:
1. Place the speed control lever in the “neutral”
position. This adjustment is again made with
rear of machine on jack stands and engine
running at full throttle. OPC levers will have
37
Maintenance
to be held down and the park brake must be
disengaged whenever speed control levers are
moved out of the neutral position.
clockwise about 1/4 turn at a time, stopping
to move the speed control forward and back
to neutral. Recheck the drive wheel rotation
to see if further adjustment is necessary.
Note: The neutral lock latches should be
“unlocked” and in the forward position.
4. The spring that keeps tension on the knob
should normally not need adjustment.
However, if adjustment is needed, adjust to
where length of spring is about 1 inch (2.5 cm)
between the washers. Adjust spring length by
turning nut at front of spring.
2. Loosen the front nut on left hydro control
linkage as shown in Figure 18. Turn the rear
control linkage adjusting nut counterclockwise
until wheel rotates forward. Turn the rear nut
of left control linkage clockwise 1/4 of a turn
at a time, stopping to move the speed control
forward and back to neutral, until left wheel
stops rotating forward.
• Drive Lever Linkage Adjustment:
1. With rear of machine still on jack stands and
engine running at full throttle, disengage
the park brake and move the speed control
lever to the midway position. Move the
respective drive lever upward until it reaches
the neutral position and engage neutral lock
latches (Figure 20). If the tire rotates in either
direction, the length of the drive lever link will
need to be adjusted.
Turn the rear nut an additional 1/2 turn and
tighten the front nut making sure not to put
a bind on the linkage. Make sure flat part of
linkage is perpendicular to pin part of swivel
(see Figure 19).
Figure 19
1. Left Hydro Control Link
(left side shown)
4. Linkage is perpendicular
to pin (correct position)
2. Front nut
5. Linkage in incorrect
position
3. Rear nut
6. End view of swivel
After adjusting the left hydro control linkage,
move the speed control lever to the mid-speed
position and then back to the neutral position.
Recheck the left drive wheel rotation to see if
further adjustment is necessary - be sure the
speed control lever is in the neutral position.
Figure 20
2. Adjust the linkage length by loosening the jam
nuts at both ends of the linkage and rotating
the linkage in the ball joints. Lengthen the
linkage if the tire is turning in reverse and
shorten the linkage if the tire is creeping
forward. Tighten the jam nuts at both ends.
Release and re-engage the neutral lock latch
checking that the tire stops. Continue this
process until the tire is at a dead stop.
Important: If inconsistent neutral occurs,
check to be sure both springs are properly
tightened on the speed control lever under
the console–especially the rear pivot
spring.
Repeat above adjustments if necessary.
3. Place the speed control lever in neutral. Adjust
the right side linkage by turning the quick track
knob counterclockwise until the tire begins to
rotate forward. Begin to retighten the knob
3. Make this adjustment for both sides.
4. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts
to stop. Raise rear of machine, remove jack
38
Maintenance
PTO Safety Switch
stands, and carefully lower machine to the
ground.
Mounted to a tab on the inside left side of the fuel
tank support.
Tracking Adjustment
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Engage parking brake. Remove ignition key or
spark plug wire(s).
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Check the drive tire pressures and tire
circumferences as stated in Check the Tire
Pressures section in Maintenance.
3. Run the unit and observe the tracking on a level,
smooth, hard surface such as concrete or asphalt.
4. If the unit tracks to one side or the other, turn the
quick track knob. Turn the knob right to “steer”
right, turn the knob left to “steer” left.
2. With PTO disengaged and the bellcrank touching
the rear of the slot in the engine deck, adjust the
PTO safety switch (if needed) until the bellcrank
arm is 5/16 inch (7.9 mm) from the switch body.
3. Be sure the bellcrank Does Not touch the switch
body or damage to the switch could occur.
4. Retighten PTO switch mounting hardware.
Hydro Pump Spring Tension
Setting
LPG Regulator
1. For medium or heavy duty drive conditions such
as operation with a sulky on steep slopes, a higher
spring force may be required on the hydro pump
control arms to prevent the drive system from
stalling.
2. For a heavier drive setting, relocate the spring
anchor link as shown in Figure 13. The spring
anchor links are located under the engine deck on
the left and right hand sides.
No adjustments necessary. If the engine is not
running properly, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer
Note: In “medium” or “heavy duty” positions,
the drive lever forces at the upper handle will also
be increased.
Figure 21
1. Heavy duty
3. Standard
2. Medium duty
4. Retaining bolt
39
Maintenance
Clean Debris From Machine
Cleaning
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Clean off any oil, debris, or grass build-up on the
machine and cutting deck, especially under deck
belt shields, around the fuel tank, around engine
and exhaust area.
Clean Engine and Exhaust
System Area
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
(May be required more
often in dry or dirty
conditions.)
Clean Grass Build-Up Under
Deck
CAUTION
Excessive debris around engine cooling air
intake and exhaust system area can cause engine,
exhaust area, and hydraulic system to overheat
which can create a fire hazard.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Raise deck to the transport (maximum cutting
height) position. Lift the front of unit and support
unit using jack stands or equivalent support.
3. Clean out any grass build-up from underside of
deck and in discharge chute.
Clean all debris from engine and exhaust system
area.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Clean all debris from rotating engine air intake
screen, around engine shrouding, and exhaust
system area.
Waste Disposal
3. Wipe up any excessive grease or oil around the
engine and exhaust system area
Motor Oil Disposal
Engine oil and hydraulic oil are both pollutants to
the environment. Dispose of used oil at a certified
recycling center or according to your state and local
regulations.
Remove Engine Shrouds and
Clean Cooling Fins
Battery Disposal
Service Interval: Every 80 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid, which
is poisonous and can cause severe burns.
Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or if it touches
skin can cause severe burns.
• Wear safety glasses to shield eyes, and rubber
gloves to protect skin and clothing when
handling electrolyte.
• Do Not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water
and call a doctor immediately.
2. Remove cooling shrouds from engine and clean
cooling fins. Also clean dust, dirt, and oil from
external surfaces of engine which can cause
improper cooling.
3. Make sure cooling shrouds are properly reinstalled.
Operating the engine without cooling shrouds will
cause engine damage due to overheating.
Federal law states that batteries should not be placed
in the garbage. Management and disposal practices
must be within relevant federal, state, or local laws.
40
Maintenance
If a battery is being replaced or if the unit containing
the battery is no longer operating and is being
scrapped, take the battery to a local certified recycling
center. If no local recycling is available return the
battery to any certified battery reseller.
41
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Important: It is essential that all operator safety mechanisms be connected and in proper operating
condition prior to mower use.
When a problem occurs, do not overlook the simple causes. For example: starting problems could be caused
by an empty fuel tank.
The following table lists some of the common causes of trouble. Do Not attempt to service or replace major
items or any items that call for special timing of adjustments procedures (such as valves, governor, etc.). Have
this work done by your Engine Service Dealer.
Note: When disconnecting electrical connectors Do Not pull on the wires to separate the connectors.
Problem
Starter does not crank (Electric Start Units).
Possible Cause
1. PTO is engaged.
1. Disengage the PTO.
2. Speed control lever is are not in neutral
lock position.
3. OPC levers are released.
4. Battery does not have a full charge.
6. Fuse is blown.
7. Relay or switch is defective.
2. Ensure the speed control lever is in the
neutral lock position.
3. Depress OPC levers.
4. Charge the battery. See Check
Battery Charge and Recommended
Jump Starting Procedure sections in
Maintenance.
5. Check the electrical connections for
good contact. Clean connector terminals
thoroughly with electrical contact cleaner,
apply dielectric grease and reconnect.
6. Replace the blown fuse.
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. Engine oil level is low.
1. Check and add oil if necessary.
2. LPG tank is overfilled.
2. Take tank to an approved LPG provider
to bleed off some fuel.
3. Remove tank and replace with an Exmark
approved LPG vapor tank.
4. Shut off fuel valve. Let unit set for 15-30
minutes. With the valve still off and the
throttle in the “SLOW” position, start the
unit. Once the engine attempts to start,
slowly open the fuel valve.
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
5. Electrical connections are corroded, loose
or faulty.
Engine will not start, starts hard, or fails to
keep running.
Corrective Action
3. LPG tank is not an Exmark approved
vapor tank.
4. Engine is flooded.
5. Oil pressure switch or fuel shut-off
solenoid malfunction.
6. Connection to the LPG tank is loose.
7. LPG fuel tank is empty or very low.
8. Fuel valve is closed.
9. Fuel valve opened to fast.
10. LPG tank is not installed properly.
11. LPG tank components or hoses are dirty
or damaged.
12. The throttle is not in the correct position.
13. Air cleaner is dirty.
14. Electrical connections are corroded, loose
or faulty.
15. Relay or switch is defective.
42
6.
7.
8.
9.
Hand-tighten connector to tank.
Replace the LPG fuel tank.
Slowly open the fuel valve.
Open the fuel valve slowly to equalize
pressure in the tank(s).
10. Reinstall the LPG tank.
11. Replace LPG tank components or hoses.
12. Be sure the throttle control is in the
“SLOW” position.
13. Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
14. Check the electrical connections for
good contact. Clean connector terminals
thoroughly with electrical contact cleaner,
apply dielectric grease and reconnect.
15. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Possible Cause
16. Faulty spark plug.
17. Spark plug wire is not connected.
Engine loses power
Engine overheats
Mower pulls left or right (with levers fully
forward).
Machine does not drive.
Uneven cutting height.
16. Clean, adjust or replace spark plug.
See Check Spark Plug section in
Maintenance for proper spark plug gap.
17. Check the spark plug wire connection.
1. Engine load is excessive
1. Reduce the ground speed.
2. Air cleaner is dirty.
3. Oil level in the crankcase is low.
4. Cooling fins and air passages for the
engine are plugged.
5. Vent hole in the fuel cap is plugged.
6. Dirt in fuel filter.
7. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in the fuel
system.
2. Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
3. Add oil to the crankcase.
4. Remove the obstructions from the cooling
fins and air passages.
5. Clean or replace the fuel cap.
6. Replace the fuel filter.
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. Engine load is excessive
1. Reduce the ground speed.
2. Oil level in the crankcase is low.
3. Cooling fins and air passages for the
engine are plugged.
2. Add oil to the crankcase.
3. Remove the obstructions from the cooling
fins and air passages.
1. Tracking needs adjustment.
1. Adjust the tracking by turning knob on the
right hydro control linkage in the direction
that the mower needs to be adjusted to.
Turn the knob in 1/4 turn increments
until the mower tracks correctly.
2. Tire pressure in drive tires not correct.
2. Adjust tire pressure in the drive tires.
1. Bypass valve is not closed tight.
1. Tighten the bypass valve.
2. Drive or pump belt is worn, loose or
broken.
3. Drive or pump belt is off a pulley.
2. Change the belt.
1. Blade(s) not sharp.
1. Sharpen the blade(s).
2. Cutting blade(s) is/are bent.
3. Mower deck is not level.
2. Install new cutting blade(s).
3. Level mower deck from side-to-side and
front-to-rear.
4. Clean the underside of the mower.
5. Adjust tire pressure in the drive tires.
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
7. Replace blades, spindles and (or) check
for damage to mower deck.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Abnormal vibration
Corrective Action
Underside of mower is dirty.
Tire pressure in drive tires not correct.
Blade spindle bent.
Tips of adjacent blades are at an uneven
cutting height. Blades tips should be even
within 3/16 inch which is approximately
one blade thickness.
3. Change the belt.
1. Cutting blade(s) is/are bent or unbalanced.
1. Install new cutting blade(s).
2. Blade mounting bolt is loose.
3. Engine mounting bolts are loose.
4. Loose engine pulley, idler pulley, or blade
pulley.
5. Engine pulley is damaged.
6. Blade spindle is bent.
7. Belt is damaged.
2. Tighten the blade mounting bolt.
3. Tighten the engine mounting bolts.
4. Tighten the appropriate pulley.
43
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
7. Install new belt.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Blades do not rotate.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. Drive belt is worn, loose or broken.
1. Check the belt tension.
2. Drive belt is off pulley.
2. Check belt for damage; replace if
necessary. Install drive belt and check
adjusting shafts and belt guides for correct
position.
3. Install new deck belt.
4. Install deck pulley and check the idler
pulley, idler arm and spring for correct
position and function.
5. Replace the spring.
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
3. Deck belt is worn, loose or broken.
4. Deck belt is off pulley.
5. Broken or missing idler spring.
6. PTO clutch does not engage.
44
Schematics
Schematics
Electrical Diagram
45
Schematics
Hydraulic Diagram
46
Exmark Commercial Turf Equipment
2 Year Limited Warranty
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer’s
analysis or with the assistance provided, contact us at:
Exmark Customer Service Department
The Exmark Warranty Company
2101 Ashland Avenue
Beatrice, NE 68310
402-223-6375 or
service@exmark.com
Conditions and Products Covered
Exmark Mfg. Co. Inc. and its affiliate, Exmark Warranty
Company, pursuant to an agreement between them, jointly
warrant on the terms and conditions herein, that we will repair,
replace or adjust any part on these products and found by us
(in the exercise of our reasonable discretion) to be defective in
factory materials or workmanship for a period of two years.
This warranty applies to Exmark commercial turf equipment
sold in the U.S. or Canada. This warranty may only be
assigned or transferred to a second (or third) owner by an
authorized Exmark dealer. The warranty period commences
upon the date of the original retail purchase.
Warranty Exceptions
Warranty Period
• Bags, Belts and Tires
90 days
• Battery
1 Year Prorated
• Engine
*
* The Engine warranty is covered by the engine manufacturer.
Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s warranty statement
that is included in the literature packet.
This warranty only includes the cost of parts and labor.
Owner’s Responsibilities
If your product requires warranty service it must be returned
to an authorized Exmark service dealer within the warranty
period. This warranty extends only to turf equipment operated
under normal conditions. You must read the operator’s
manual. You must also properly service and maintain your
Exmark product as described in the operator’s manual. Such
routine maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by
you, is at your expense.
General Conditions
The sole liability of Exmark and Exmark Warranty Company
with respect to this warranty shall be repair or replacement of
defective components as set forth herein. Neither Exmark
nor Exmark Warranty Company shall be liable for any
incidental or consequential loss or damage.
Items and Conditions Not Covered
This warranty does not cover the following:
• Pickup and delivery charges to and from any authorized
Exmark Service Dealer.
• Any damage or deterioration due to normal use, wear and
tear, or exposure.
• Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as filters,
fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, and adjustments.
• Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear,
accidents, or lack of proper maintenance.
• Any repairs necessary due to use of parts, accessories or
supplies, including gasoline, oil or lubricants, incompatible
with the turf equipment or other than as recommended in
the operator's manual or other operational instructions
provided by Exmark.
There are no other express warranties except for engine and
special emission system coverage.
All warranty work must be performed by an authorized
Exmark Service Dealer using Exmark approved replacement
parts.
Such damages include but are not limited to:
• Expenses related to gasoline, oil or lubricants.
• Travel time, overtime, after hours time or other
extraordinary repair charges or charges relating to repairs or
replacements outside of normal business hours at the place
of business of the authorized Exmark Service Dealer.
• Rental of like or similar replacement equipment during the
period of any warranty, repair or replacement work.
• Any telephone or telegram charges or travel charges.
• Loss or damage to person or property other than that
covered by the terms of this warranty.
• Any claims for lost revenue, lost profit or additional cost as
a result of a claim of breach of warranty.
• Attorney's fees.
No Claim of breach of warranty shall be cause for cancellation
or rescission of the contract of sale of any Exmark mower.
All implied warranties of merchantability (that the
product is fit for ordinary use) and fitness for use (that the
product is fit for a particular purpose) are limited to the
duration of the express warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or
consequential damages, or limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions and
limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
The product must be registered with original proof of purchase
by an Exmark Service Dealer before obtaining any warranty
service.
Contact any Exmark Service Dealer to arrange service at their
dealership. To locate a dealer convenient to you, access our
website at www.exmark.com. U.S. or Canada customers may
also call 402-223-6375.
G4500-589_C
47
Notes:
48
Service Record
Date:
Description of Work Done:
49
Service Done By:
50
G011841
Figure 22
This page may be copied for personal use.
1. The maximum slope you can safely operate the machine on is 20 degrees. Use the slope indicator to determine the
degree of slope of hills before operating. Do Not operate this machine on a slope greater than 20 degrees. Fold
along the appropriate line to match the recommended slope.
2. Align this edge with a vertical surface, a tree, building, fence pole, etc.
3. Example of how to compare slope with folded edge.
51
SEE EXMARK’S COMPLETE LINE OF ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
MID-MOUNT RIDING ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
CUSTOM RIDE SEAT SUSPENSION SYSTEM
OPERATOR CONTROLLED DISCHARGE
FULL SUSPENSION SEAT
ROLL OVER PROTECTION SYSTEM (ROPS)
DECK LIFT ASSIST KIT
SUN SHADE
HITCH KIT
TRASH CONTAINER
LIGHT KIT
TURF STRIPER
12V POWER PORT
ULTRA VAC COLLECTION SYSTEM
MICRO-MULCH SYSTEM
ULTRA VAC QUICK DISPOSAL SYSTEM
OUT-FRONT RIDING ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
CUSTOM RIDE SEAT SUSPENSION SYSTEM
SNOW BLADE
DUAL-TAIL WHEEL
SNOWBLOWER
FLOOR PAN EXTENDER
SUN SHADE
HITCH KIT
TRASH CONTAINER
LIGHT KIT
ULTRA VAC COLLECTION SYSTEM
MICRO-MULCH SYSTEM
ULTRA VAC QUICK DISPOSAL SYSTEM
ROLL OVER PROTECTION SYSTEM (ROPS)
WEATHER CAB
WALK-BEHIND ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
GRASS CATCHER
TURF STRIPER
MICRO-MULCH SYSTEM
STANDON
Place Model No. and Serial No.
Label Here (Included in the Literature
Pack) or Fill in Below
Model No.
Date Purchased
Engine Model No. and Spec. No.
Engine Serial No. (E/No)
Serial No.
©2011 Exmark Mfg. Co., Inc.
Industrial Park Box 808
Beatrice, NE 68310
All Rights Reserved
Part No. 4501-049 Rev. A
(402) 223-6300
Fax (402) 223-5489
Printed in the USA
www.exmark.com