Owner`s manual | Eureka 930 Vacuum Cleaner User Manual

LAZER Z D-SERIES
®
For Serial Nos.
920,000 & Higher
Lazer Z (LZD) Units
Part No. 4500-875 Rev. A
WARNING
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects,
or other reproductive harm.
Important: The engine in this product is not
equipped with a spark arrester muffler. It is a
violation of California Public Resource Code
(CPRC) Section 4442 to use or operate this
engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered, or
grass-covered land as defined in CPRC 4126.
Other states or federal areas may have similar
laws.
To acquire a spark arrester for your unit, see your
Engine Service Dealer.
This spark ignition system complies with the
Canadian standard ICES-002. Ce système d’allumage
par ètincelle de vèhicule est conforme à la norme
NMB-002 du Canada.
The enclosed Engine Owner’s Manual is
supplied for information regarding The U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and
the California Emission Control Regulation of
emission systems, maintenance and warranty.
Keep this engine Owner’s Manual with your unit.
Should this engine Owner’s Manual become
damaged or illegible, replace immediately.
Replacements may be ordered through the
engine manufacturer.
Exmark reserves the right to make changes or
add improvements to its products at any time
without incurring any obligation to make such
changes to products manufactured previously.
Exmark, or its distributors and dealers, accept
no responsibility for variations which may be
evident in the actual specifications of its products
and the statements and descriptions contained
in this publication.
©2011 Exmark Mfg. Co., Inc.
Industrial Park Box 808
Beatrice, NE 68310
2
Contact us at www.Exmark.com.
Printed in the USA
All Rights Reserved
Introduction
CONGRATULATIONS on the purchase of your
Exmark Mower. This product has been carefully
designed and manufactured to give you a maximum
amount of dependability and years of trouble-free
operation.
This manual contains operating, maintenance,
adjustment, and safety instructions for your Exmark
mower.
BEFORE OPERATING YOUR MOWER,
CAREFULLY READ THIS MANUAL IN ITS
ENTIRETY.
Figure 1
1. Model and serial number location
By following the operating, maintenance, and safety
instructions, you will prolong the life of your mower,
maintain its maximum efficiency, and promote safe
operation.
Model No.
If additional information is needed, or should you
require trained mechanic service, contact your
authorized Exmark equipment dealer or distributor.
Exmark parts manuals are available online at
http://www.exmark.com/manuals.htm
Serial No.
All Exmark equipment dealers and distributors are
kept informed of the latest methods of servicing
and are equipped to provide prompt and efficient
service in the field or at their service stations. They
carry ample stock of service parts or can secure them
promptly for you from the factory.
All Exmark parts are thoroughly tested and inspected
before leaving the factory, however, attention is
required on your part if you are to obtain the fullest
measure of satisfaction and performance.
Whenever you need service, genuine Exmark parts,
or additional information, contact an Authorized
Service Dealer or Exmark Customer Service and have
the model and serial numbers of your product ready.
Figure 1 identifies the location of the model and serial
numbers on the product. Write the numbers in the
space provided.
3
Contents
Copper-Based Anti-seize .............................. 39
Dielectric Grease........................................... 39
Adjustments ..................................................... 39
Deck Leveling ............................................... 39
Pump Drive Belt Tension............................... 40
Deck Belt Tension ......................................... 40
Mule Drive Belt Tension Adjustment ............. 40
Alternator Belt Tension ................................. 41
Belt Guide Adjustment .................................. 41
Brake Link Adjustment.................................. 41
Brake Adjustment.......................................... 42
Electric Clutch Adjustment............................ 42
Reverse Indicator Adjustment........................ 43
Motion Control Linkage Adjustment ............. 44
Motion Control Damper Adjustment............. 45
Caster Pivot Bearings Pre-Load
Adjustment ............................................... 45
Cleaning ........................................................... 46
Clean Engine Cooling System ........................ 46
Clean Engine and Exhaust System
Area .......................................................... 46
Clean the Radiator ......................................... 47
Clean Debris From Machine .......................... 47
Clean Grass Build-Up Under Deck ................ 47
Waste Disposal .............................................. 47
Troubleshooting ................................................... 49
Schematics ........................................................... 52
Introduction ........................................................... 3
Safety ..................................................................... 5
Safety Alert Symbol ......................................... 5
Safe Operating Practices .................................. 5
Safety and Instructional Decals ..................... 11
Specifications ....................................................... 17
Model Numbers ............................................ 17
Systems ......................................................... 17
Dimensions................................................... 19
Torque Requirements .................................... 19
Product Overview ................................................ 20
Operation ............................................................. 20
Controls ........................................................ 20
Pre-Start........................................................ 22
Operating Instructions .................................. 23
Transporting ................................................. 27
Maintenance ......................................................... 28
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s) ........... 28
Periodic Maintenance ....................................... 29
Check Engine Oil Level ................................. 29
Check Battery Charge .................................... 29
Check Mower Blades ..................................... 31
Check Safety Interlock System ....................... 32
Check Rollover Protections Systems (Roll
Bar) Pins ................................................... 32
Check Seat Belt.............................................. 32
Check for Loose Hardware ............................ 32
Service Air Cleaner ........................................ 32
Change Engine Oil ........................................ 33
Check Hydraulic Oil Level ............................. 33
Check Tire Pressures ..................................... 33
Check Condition Of Belts.............................. 34
Lubricate Grease Fittings............................... 34
Wheel Hub - Slotted Nut Torque
Specification.............................................. 35
Lubricate Brake Handle Pivot ........................ 35
Lubricate Brake Rod Bushings ....................... 35
Lubricate Motion Control Bronze
Bushings ................................................... 36
Check Spark Plugs ......................................... 36
Drain Fuel Filter/Water Separator.................. 36
Change Fuel Filter/Water Separator............... 36
Change Hydraulic System Filter ..................... 36
Check Engine Coolant Level.......................... 37
Change Engine Coolant................................. 37
Check Spark Arrester (if equipped)................. 38
Thread Locking Adhesives............................. 38
Mobil HTS Grease (Or Food-Grade
Anti-seize)................................................. 39
4
Safety
Safety
Safe Operating Practices
Safety Alert Symbol
Training
• Read the Operator’s Manual and other training
material. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can
not read English it is the owner’s responsibility to
explain this material to them.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the
equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained.
The owner is responsible for training the users.
• Never let children or untrained people operate
or service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
• Only adults and mature teenagers should operate
a mower, and even mature teenagers should have
adult supervision. Be sure a teenager:
1. has read and understands the Operator’s
Manual and recognizes the risks involved;
2. is sufficiently mature to use caution; and
3. is of sufficient size and weight to operate
the controls comfortably and to manage the
mower without taking risks.
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible
for accidents or injuries occurring to himself or
herself, other people or property.
This lawn mower meets or exceeds the B71.4
specifications of the American National Standards
Institute in effect at the time of production.
Exmark designed and tested this lawn mower to offer
reasonably safe service; however, failure to comply
with the following instructions may result in personal
injury.
This Safety Alert Symbol (Figure 2) is used both in
this manual and on the machine to identify important
safety messages which must be followed to avoid
accidents.
This symbol means: ATTENTION! BECOME
ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
Figure 2
Safety Alert Symbol
The safety alert symbol appears above information
which alerts you to unsafe actions or situations
and will be followed by the word DANGER,
WARNING, or CAUTION.
Preparation
DANGER: White lettering / Red background.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, Will result in death or serious injury.
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments are needed to properly and
safely perform the job. Only use accessories and
attachments approved by Exmark.
• Wear appropriate clothing including safety glasses,
substantial footwear, long trousers, and hearing
protection. Do Not operate when barefoot or
when wearing open sandals. Long hair, loose
clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving
parts.
WARNING: Black lettering / Orange background.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, Could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION: Black lettering / Yellow background.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, May result in minor or moderate injury.
This manual uses two other words to highlight
information. Important calls attention to special
mechanical information and Note emphasizes
general information worthy of special attention.
CAUTION
This machine produces sound levels in excess
of 85 dBA at the operator’s ear and can cause
hearing loss through extended periods of
exposure.
Wear hearing protection when operating this
machine.
5
Safety
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be
used and remove all rocks, toys, sticks, wires,
bones, and other foreign objects which can be
thrown by the machine and may cause personal
injury to the operator or bystanders.
WARNING
Diesel fuel is harmful or fatal if swallowed.
Long-term exposure to vapors has caused
cancer in laboratory animals. Failure to use
caution may cause serious injury or illness.
• Avoid prolonged breathing of vapors.
• Keep face away from nozzle and gas
tank/container opening.
• Keep away from eyes and skin.
• Never siphon by mouth.
DANGER
In certain conditions diesel fuel is extremely
flammable and vapors are explosive.
A fire or explosion from diesel fuel can burn
you, others, and cause property damage.
• Check that the operator’s presence controls,
safety switches, and shields are attached and
functioning properly. Do Not operate unless they
are functioning properly.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors on level ground,
in an open area, when the engine is cold.
Wipe up any diesel fuel that spills.
• Never refill the fuel tank or drain the
machine indoors or inside an enclosed
trailer.
Operation
WARNING
• Do Not fill the fuel tank completely full.
Fill the fuel tank to the bottom of the filler
neck. The empty space in the tank allows
diesel fuel to expand. Overfilling may
result in fuel leakage or damage to the
engine or emission system.
Operating engine parts, especially the muffler,
become extremely hot. Severe burns can occur
on contact and debris, such as leaves, grass,
brush, etc. can catch fire.
• Allow engine parts, especially the muffler, to
cool before touching.
• Remove accumulated debris from muffler
and engine area.
• Install and maintain in working order a
spark arrester before using equipment
on forest-covered, grass-covered, or
brush-covered unimproved land.
• Never smoke when handling diesel fuel,
and stay away from an open flame or
where diesel fuel fumes may be ignited by
spark.
• Store diesel fuel in an approved container
and keep it out of the reach of children.
• Add fuel before starting the engine. Never
remove the cap of the fuel tank or add
fuel when engine is running or when the
engine is hot.
WARNING
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide,
which is an odorless deadly poison that can kill
you.
• If fuel is spilled, Do Not attempt to start
the engine. Move away from the area of
the spill and avoid creating any source of
ignition until fuel vapors have dissipated.
Do Not run engine indoors or in a small confined
area where dangerous carbon monoxide fumes
can collect.
• Do Not operate without entire exhaust
system in place and in proper working
condition.
• Operate only in daylight or good artificial light,
keeping away from holes and hidden hazards.
• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake
is engaged before starting engine. Use seat belts
with the roll bar in the raised and locked position.
• Never operate the mower with damaged guards,
shields, or covers. Always have safety shields,
6
Safety
guards, switches and other devices in place and in
proper working condition.
• Be aware of the mower discharge path and direct
discharge away from others.
• Never mow with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered unless there is a grass
collection system or mulch kit in place and
working properly.
• Do Not operate the mower under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
• Use extreme care when loading or unloading the
machine into a trailer or truck.
• Do Not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Park machine on level ground. Stop engine, wait
for all moving parts to stop, remove key and
engage parking brake:
Slope Operation
Use Extreme caution when mowing and/or turning
on slopes as loss of traction and/or tip-over could
occur. The operator is responsible for safe operation
on slopes.
– Before checking, cleaning or working on the
mower.
– After striking a foreign object or abnormal
vibration occurs (inspect the mower for
damage and make repairs before restarting
and operating the mower).
DANGER
Operating on wet grass or steep slopes can cause
sliding and loss of control. Wheels dropping over
edges, ditches, steep banks, or water can cause
rollovers, which may result in serious injury,
death or drowning.
– Before clearing blockages.
– Whenever you leave the mower.
• Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
engage parking brake:
• Do Not mow slopes when grass is wet.
– Before refueling.
• Do Not mow near drop-offs or near water.
– Before dumping the grass catcher.
• Do Not mow slopes greater than 15 degrees.
WARNING
• Reduce speed and use extreme caution on
slopes.
Hands, feet, hair, clothing, or accessories can
become entangled in rotating parts. Contact
with the rotating parts can cause traumatic
amputation or severe lacerations.
• Avoid sudden turns or rapid speed changes.
• Keep the roll bar in the raised and locked
position and use seat belt.
• Do Not operate the machine without
guards, shields, and safety devices in
place and working properly.
• See inside the back cover to determine the
approximate slope angle of the area to be mowed.
• Keep hands, feet, hair, jewelry, or clothing
away from rotating parts.
• Use a walk behind mower and/or a hand trimmer
near drop-offs, ditches, steep banks or water.
(Figure 3).
• NEVER carry passengers. DO NOT operate
the mower when people, especially children, or
pets are in the area.
• Be alert, slow down and use caution when making
turns. Look behind and to the side before
changing directions.
• Stop the blades, slow down, and use caution when
crossing surfaces other than grass and when
transporting the mower to and from the area to
be mowed.
7
Safety
WARNING
There is no rollover protection when the roll bar
is down. Wheels dropping over edges, ditches,
steep banks, or water can cause rollovers, which
may result in serious injury, death or drowning.
• Keep the roll bar in the raised and locked
position and use seat belt.
• Lower the roll bar only when absolutely
necessary.
• Do Not wear seat belt when the roll bar is
down.
• Drive slowly and carefully.
• Raise the roll bar as soon as clearance
permits.
Figure 3
1. Safe Zone-Use the mower here on slopes less than 15
degrees
2. Danger Zone-Use a walk behind mower and/or hand
trimmer on slopes greater than 15 degrees, near
drop-offs and water.
3. Water
• Check carefully for overhead clearances (i.e.
branches, doorways, and electrical wires) before
driving under any objects and Do Not contact
them.
• In the event of a rollover, take the unit to an
Authorized Service Dealer to have the ROPS
inspected.
• Remove or mark obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc. from the mowing area. Tall grass can
hide obstacles.
• Watch for ditches, holes, rocks, dips and rises that
change the operating angle, as rough terrain could
overturn the machine.
Maintenance and Storage
• Avoid sudden starts when mowing uphill because
the mower may tip backwards.
• Disengage drives, lower implement, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect
spark plug wire. Wait for all movement to stop
before adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
• Keep engine and engine area free from
accumulation of grass, leaves, excessive grease
or oil, and other debris which can accumulate
in these areas. These materials can become
combustible and may result in a fire.
• Let engine cool before storing and Do Not store
near flame or any enclosed area where open pilot
lights or heat appliances are present.
• Shut off fuel while storing or transporting. Do
Not store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
• Park machine on level ground. Never allow
untrained personnel to service machine.
• Use jack stands to support components when
required.
• Carefully release pressure from components with
stored energy.
• Disconnect battery or remove spark plug wire
before making any repairs. Disconnect the
• Be aware that operating on wet grass, across steep
slopes or downhill may cause the mower to lose
traction. Loss of traction to the drive wheels may
result in sliding and a loss of braking and steering.
• Always avoid sudden starting or stopping on a
slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades
and proceed slowly off the slope.
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for
wheel weights or counter weights to improve
stability.
• Use extreme care with grass catchers or
attachments. These can change the stability of the
machine and cause loss of control.
Using the Rollover Protection System
(ROPS)
A Rollover Protection System (roll bar) is installed
on the unit.
8
Safety
negative terminal first and the positive last.
Reconnect positive first and negative last.
CAUTION
• Use care when checking blades. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use caution when servicing
them. Only replace damaged blades. Never
straighten or weld them.
If the ignition is in the “ON” position there
is potential for sparks and engagement
of components. Sparks could cause an
explosion or moving parts could accidentally
engage causing personal injury.
• Keep hands and feet away from moving parts.
If possible, Do Not make adjustments with the
engine running.
Be sure ignition switch is in the “OFF”
position before charging the battery.
• Keep all guards, shields and all safety devices in
place and in safe working condition.
• Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area,
away from spark and flames. Unplug charger
before connecting or disconnecting from battery.
Wear protective clothing and use insulated tools.
• Check all bolts frequently to maintain proper
tightness.
• Frequently check for worn or deteriorating
components that could create a hazard.
DANGER
Charging or jump starting the battery may
produce explosive gases. Battery gases can
explode causing serious injury.
WARNING
Removing standard original equipment parts
and accessories may alter the warranty, traction,
and safety of the machine. Failure to use original
Exmark parts could cause serious injury or
death. Making unauthorized changes to the
engine, fuel or venting system, may violate EPA
and CARB regulations.
• Keep sparks, flames, or cigarettes away
from battery.
• Ventilate when charging or using battery
in an enclosed space.
• Make sure venting path of battery is
always open once battery is filled with
acid.
Replace all parts including, but not limited to,
tires, belts, blades, and fuel system components
with original Exmark parts.
• Always shield eyes and face from battery.
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid,
which is poisonous and can cause severe
burns. Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or
if it touches skin can cause severe burns.
• Wear safety glasses to shield eyes, and
rubber gloves to protect skin and clothing
when handling electrolyte.
• Do Not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with
water and call a doctor immediately.
9
Safety
WARNING
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure
can penetrate skin and cause injury. Fluid
accidentally injected into the skin must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this form of injury or gangrene may
result.
• If equipped, make sure all hydraulic fluid
hoses and lines are in good condition and all
hydraulic connections and fittings are tight
before applying pressure to hydraulic system.
• Keep body and hands away from pinhole
leaks or nozzles that eject high pressure
hydraulic fluid.
• Use cardboard or paper, not your hands, to
find hydraulic leaks.
• Safely relieve all pressure in the hydraulic
system by placing the motion control levers
in neutral and shutting off the engine before
performing any work on the hydraulic system.
WARNING
Fuel system components are under high
pressure. The use of improper components can
result in system failure, fuel leakage and possible
explosion.
Use only approved fuel lines and fuel filters for
high pressure systems.
10
Safety
Safety and Instructional Decals
• New safety signs may be obtained from
your authorized Exmark equipment dealer or
distributor or from Exmark Mfg. Co. Inc.
• Keep all safety signs legible. Remove all grease,
dirt and debris from safety signs and instructional
labels.
• Replace all worn, damaged, or missing safety
signs.
• When replacement components are installed, be
sure that current safety signs are affixed to the
replaced components.
• If an attachment or accessory has been installed,
make sure current safety signs are visible.
• Safety signs may be affixed by peeling off the
backing to expose the adhesive surface. Apply
only to a clean, dry surface. Smooth to remove
any air bubbles.
• Familiarize yourself with the following safety signs
and instruction labels. They are critical to the safe
operation of your Exmark commercial mower.
1-303508
1-633706
98-5954
1-403005
1-513742
1-513748
11
Safety
103-2076
103-0223
103-7218
103-0261
103-1798
107-2102
12
Safety
109-0872
109-1399
109-1214
109-2219
109-1215
109-2263
13
Safety
109-2264
109-2478
109-2951
109-3148
14
Safety
116-0127
116-3303
116-5074
116-0404
116-5185
1. PTO–engage
2. PTO–disengage
116-0997
117–2718
116-2643
15
Safety
19426-87881
19426-87903
107-9866
1. Fast
2. Slow
3. Neutral
4. Reverse
16
Specifications
Specifications
Model Numbers
Serial Nos: 920,000 and Higher
LZD25KD605; LZD25KD725
Systems
• Operator must be in seat when PTO is engaged,
brake is disengaged, or motion control levers are
moved in or engine will stop.
• Engine will stop if either the left, the right, or
both levers are moved from neutral lock position
while brake is engaged.
Engine
• Engine Specifications: See your Engine Owner’s
Manual
• Engine Oil Type: Exmark 4–Cycle Premium
Engine Oil
Engine Overheat Protection System
• RPM: Full Speed: 3850 ±50 RPM (PTO not
engaged) Idle: 1400 ±100 RPM
PTO will disengage, an alarm will sound, and the
coolant temperature gauge will be in the red area
when the engine temperature reaches an overheat
condition. The PTO will not re-engage until the
engine has cooled and the PTO switch is manually
shut-off and re-engaged.
Fuel System
• Capacity: 15.5 gal. (58.6 L)
• Type of Fuel: Diesel fuel, 40 cetane or higher or
biodiesel up to B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petro
diesel).
Note: If the engine coolant level is below the
indicator line on the overflow bottle when the
engine is cold, the coolant temperature gauge may
not register correctly during operation and/or
the warning buzzer may not sound if the engine
overheats. Refer to Check Engine Coolant Level
in Maintenance.
• Fuel Filter: In-line 113 Micron
Exmark P/N 112-7836.
• Fuel Shut-Off Valve: 1/4 turn increments
(“OFF”, right tank, left tank, )
• Fuel gauge in left hand fuel tank.
Cooling System
Electrical System
• Fan: Electric with continuous operation with
engine running.
• Coolant Liquid: 50/50 mix of DexCool©
extended life antifreeze and water.
• Coolant Capacity: 4 quarts
• Charging System: External Alternator
• Charging Capacity: 60 amps
• Battery Type: BCI Group 26
• Battery Voltage: 12 Volt
Operator Controls
• Polarity: Negative Ground
• Steering and Motion Control:
• Fuses: One 20 amp blade type; One 30 amp blade
type
Note: Motion control levers are adjustable to
two heights.
– Separate levers, on each side of the console,
control speed and direction of travel of the
respective drive wheels.
– Steering is controlled by varying the position
of the levers relative to each other.
Safety Interlock System
• PTO must be disengaged, brake engaged, and
motion control levers out (neutral lock) to start
engine. (It is not necessary for the operator to be
in the seat to start the engine.)
17
Specifications
•
•
•
•
– Moving motion control levers outward (in
slots) locks the drive system in neutral.
PTO Engagement Switch: Engages electric clutch
(to drive belt) which engages mower blades.
Parking Brake Lever: Engages parking brake.
Deck Height Adjustment Lever: Sets cutting
height to desired position.
Deck Lift Assist Pedal: Foot pedal that assists in
raising the deck.
Hydrostatic Ground Drive System
• Hydrostatic Pumps: Two Hydro Gear PW
variable displacement piston pumps.
• Wheel Motors: Two Parker/Ross with 1 1/4 inch
tapered shafts.
• Hydraulic Oil Type: Exmark Premium Hydro oil.
• Hydraulic Oil Capacity: 5.5 qt. (5.2 L)
• Hydraulic Filter: Replaceable cartridge type.
Deck Size
60, 66, & 72
All Decks
Quantity
2
2
Smooth
Size
26 x 12.00-12
13 x 6.50-6
Ply Rating
4
Pressure
10 psi (69 kPa)
• Deck Depth:
– 60 inch Deck: 6.0 inches (15.2 cm)
– 72 inch Deck: 6.0 inches (15.2 cm)
• Cutting Height Adjustment:
An extra-long cushioned lever is used to adjust
the cutting height from 1 inch (2.5 cm) to 5 inches
(12.7 cm) in 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) increments. The
cutting height adjustment handle has a transport
position and all adjustments can be made while
the operator remains seated. Units also have a
foot operated deck lift assist lever to aid in raising
the deck.
Tires & Wheels
Semi-Pneumatic
“Multi-Trac
C/S”
Full floating deck is attached to out-front support
frame. Six anti-scalp rollers provide maximum
turf protection. Deck design allows for bagging,
mulching or side discharge.
P/N 103-2146: 25 microns, No bypass
• Speeds:
– 0-12.0 mph (19.3 km/hr) forward.
– 0-8.0 mph (12.9 km/hr) reverse.
• Drive wheel release valves allow machine to be
moved when engine is not running.
Pneumatic
(Air-Filled)
Tread Size
• Cutting Width:
– 60 inch (152.4 cm)
– 72 inch (182.9 cm)
• Discharge: Side
• Blade Size: (3 ea.)
– 60 inch Deck: 20.75 inches (52.7 cm)
– 72 inch Deck: 24.75 inches (62.9 cm)
• Blade Spindles: Solid steel spindles with 1.18 inch
(30 mm) I.D. bearings.
• Deck Drive:
– Electric clutch mounted on horizontal engine
shaft. “B” Section belt (with self-tensioning
idler) from electric clutch to transfer shaft
mounted on deck.
– Blades are driven by one “B” Section belt
(w/self-tensioning idler) from transfer shaft
on deck to blade spindles.
• Deck:
• Type: Deluxe suspension seat high back, low
profile foam-in-place cushion (dampened,
adjustable spring suspension) and armrests,
adjustable back angle.
• Mounting: Hinged to tilt up for access to
hydraulic pumps, battery and other components.
Held in tilted position with scissor—type links.
Adjustable fore and aft seat track.
• Armrests: Molded adjustable flip-up armrests.
• Seat Safety Switch: Integrated seat switch.
Time delay seat switch eliminates rough ground
cut-outs.
Front Caster
Front Caster
Cutting Deck
Seat
Drive
Drive
• Mulching Kit: Optional.
18
Specifications
Dimensions
Torque Requirements
Overall Width:
Bolt Location
Torque
90-110 ft-lb (122-149 N-m)
60 inch Deck
72 inch Deck
Blade Drive Sheave
Mounting Nut
Without Deck
53.5 inches
(135.9 cm)
61.5 inches
(156.2 cm)
Cutter Housing Spindle
Nut
160-185 ft-lb (217-251
N-m)
Deflector Up
61.4 inches
(156.0 cm)
74.3 inches
(188.7 cm)
Blade Mounting Bolt
(lubricate with anti-seize)
55-60 ft-lb (75-81 N-m)
Deflector Down
72.8 inches
(184.9 cm)
85.8 inches
(217.9 cm)
Engine Deck/Front Frame 30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
Mount Bolts
Overall Length:
Anti-Scalp Roller Nyloc
Nut See Figure 11
30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
72 inch Deck
Anti-Scalp Roller Hex
Capscrew See Figure 11
50-55 ft-lb (68-75 N-m)
60 inch Deck
Roll Bar - Up
81.9 inches
(208.0 cm)
85.8 inches
(217.9 cm)
Engine Mounting Bolts
15-20 ft-lb (20-27 N-m)
Wheel Lug Nuts
90-95 ft-lb (122-129 N-m)
Roll Bar - Down
92.5 inches
(235.0 cm)
96.4 inches
(244.9 cm)
Wheel Motor Mounting
Bolts
72-77 ft-lb (98-104 N-m)
Wheel Hub Slotted Nut
211-260 ft-lb
(286-352 N-m)
Overall Height:
Roll Bar - Up
Roll Bar - Down
72.7 inches (184.7 cm)
53.8 inches (136.7 cm)
Rollover Protection System 30-35 ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
(Roll Bar) Mounting Bolts
Deck Drive Jackshaft Nut
Clutch Retaining Bolt
55-60 ft-lb (75-81 N-m)
(secured with threadlocker)
Tread Width: (Center to Center of
Tires, Widthwise)
60 inch Deck
72 inch Deck
Drive Wheels
41.9 inches
(106.4 cm)
45.9 inches
(116.6 cm)
Caster Wheels
37.3 inches (94.7 47.3 inches
cm)
(120.1 cm)
Wheel Base: (Center of Caster Tire to
Center of Drive Tire)
60 inch Deck
72 inch Deck
56.0 inches (142.2 cm)
60.2 inches (152.9 cm)
Curb Weight:
60 inch Deck
72 inch Deck
1545 lb (701 kg)
1645 lb (746 kg)
75-80 ft-lb (102-108 N-m)
19
Operation
Product Overview
Operation
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the
machine from the normal operating position.
Controls
Motion Control Levers
The motion control levers located on each side of
the console control the forward and reverse motion
of the machine.
Moving the levers forward or backward turns
the wheel on the same side forward or reverse
respectively. Wheel speed is proportional to the
amount the lever is moved.
Moving the levers outward from the center position
into the T-slot locks them in the neutral position
(Figure 5).
Figure 4
1. Motion control levers
2. Parking brake
3. Height of cut adjustment
5. Engine Controls (right
console)
6. Seat belt
7. Rollover Protection
System (ROPS)
4. Fuel cap (both sides)
Figure 5
1. Neutral lock position
(handles out)
2. Neutral operate position
(handles in)
3. Front of Unit
4. Forward
5. Neutral (operate)
6. Reverse
7. Neutral lock
Throttle Control
Located on right fuel tank.
The throttle is used to control engine speed. Moving
the throttle lever forward will increase engine speed
20
Operation
and moving the throttle lever to the rear will decrease
engine speed. Moving the throttle forward into the
detent is full throttle.
The valve has three positions, each position made
in 1/4 turn increments.
Fuel Flow
Valve Handle Position
Brake Lever
“Off ”
Right
Located on left side of unit, just to the front of the
console.
Right Tank
Down
Left Tank
Left
The brake lever engages a parking brake on the drive
wheels.
Fuel Gauge
Pull the lever up and rearward to engage the brake.
Located on the left fuel tank.
Push the lever forward and down to disengage the
brake.
The fuel gauge monitors the amount of fuel in the left
tank only. Use the fuel from the right fuel tank first.
When the right fuel tank is empty, switch to the left
fuel tank. Fuel gauge will monitor the remaining fuel.
The unit must be tied down and brake engaged when
transporting.
Drive Wheel Release Valves
Ignition Switch
Located on the top right front corner of hydrostatic
pumps.
Located on right fuel tank.
The ignition switch is used to start and stop the
engine. The switch has three positions “OFF”, “ON”
and “START”. Insert key into switch and rotate
clockwise to the “ON” position. Rotate clockwise to
the next position to engage the starter (key must be
held against spring pressure in this position).
Drive wheel release valves are used to release the
hydrostatic drive system to allow the machine to be
pushed without the engine running. Unhook seat
latch and tilt seat up to gain access to pumps.
With a 5/8 inch wrench, turn both valves one turn
counterclockwise to release drive system. Turn
clockwise to reset system. Do Not overtighten. Do
Not tow machine.
Note: Brake must be engaged, motion control levers
out (neutral lock position) and PTO switch “OFF” to
start engine. (It is not necessary for the operator to
be in the seat to start the engine.)
Tracking Adjustment Knob
Hour Meter
Located under the seat on the LH pump control link.
Located on the right fuel tank.
Rotating this knob allows fine tuning adjustments so
that the machine tracks straight with the drive levers
in the full forward position.
The hour meter is connected to a pressure switch
installed in the engine block and it records the
number of hours that the engine has run. If the
ignition switch is left on without engine running,
hour meter will not run.
Located directly below the right side of console, next
to the cubby.
Stop machine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Engage park brake. Unhook seat latch and tilt seat
forward to gain access to the tracking knob. Rotate
the knob clockwise (as viewed from the rear of the
machine) to cause the machine to track more to the
right and counterclockwise to cause the machine
to track more to the left. Adjust in quarter-turn
increments until the machine tracks straight. Check
that the machine does not creep when in neutral with
the park brake disengaged.
The fuel shut-off valve is used to shut off the fuel
when the machine will not be used for a few days,
during transport to and from the jobsite, and when
parked inside a building.
Important: Do Not rotate the knob too far, as
this may cause the machine to creep in neutral.
Refer to the Motion Control Linkage Adjustment
section in Maintenance.
Note: This switch is not a low oil sensor and will not
alert the operator if the engine oil is low.
Fuel Shut-Off Valve
21
Operation
PTO Engagement Switch
Warning Buzzer
Located on right fuel tank.
Located behind the seat under the air deflector on
the electrical panel.
Switch must be pulled out (up) to engage the blades.
Switch is pushed in to disengage the blades.
The buzzer is a warning signal that the engine
is overheating or the oil pressure is low. See the
Troubleshooting section.
Note: If the engine overheats, the PTO will
automatically disengage. The PTO cannot be
engaged until the engine has cooled down. To
re-engage the PTO, push PTO switch in to
the disengaged position and then pull out to
engage. Refer to the Engine overheats in the
Troubleshooting section.
Note: If the engine coolant level is below the
indicator line on the overflow bottle when the engine
is cold, the warning buzzer may not sound if the
engine overheats. Refer to Check Engine Coolant
Level in Maintenance.
Coolant Temperature Gauge
Deck Lift Pedal
Located at the front of the left fuel tank.
Located at the right front corner of the floor pan.
The coolant temperature gauge monitors the
temperature of the engine coolant. An engine
overheating condition is indicated by the red area
on the gauge. An alarm will sound and the PTO
will disengage. Refer to the Warning Buzzer in the
Troubleshooting section.
Push the pedal forward with your foot to raise the
cutting deck. Allow the pedal to move rearward to
lower the cutting deck to the cut height that has been
set.
Pre-Start
Note: If the engine coolant level is below the
indicator line on the overflow bottle when the engine
is cold, the coolant temperature gauge may not
register correctly during operation. Refer to Check
Engine Coolant Level in Maintenance.
Fill fuel tank on level ground.
Make sure you understand the controls, their
locations, their functions, and their safety
requirements.
Refer to the Maintenance section and perform all the
necessary inspection and maintenance steps.
Voltmeter
Located next to the Coolant Temperature Gauge at
the front of the left fuel tank.
Determining Fuel
The voltmeter measure the voltage output of the
alternator. Both high and low voltages will potentially
damage the battery.
The engine runs on clean, fresh diesel fuel with
a minimum octane rating of 40. Purchase fuel in
quantities that can be used within 30 days to ensure
fuel freshness.
Glow Plug Switch and Light
Use summer grade diesel fuel (No. 2-D) at
temperatures above 20°F (-7°C) and winter grade
diesel fuel (No. 1-D or No. 1-D/2-D blend) below
20° F (-7° C). Use of winter grade diesel fuel at lower
temperatures provides lower flash point and pour
point characteristics, therefore easing startability and
lessening chances of chemical separation of the fuel
due to lower temperatures (wax appearance, which
may plug filters).
Located on the right fuel tank.
Depress and hold the switch to heat the glow plugs.
The glow plug light comes on when the glow plug
switch is depressed. The glow plug light indicates the
glow plugs are preheating the combustion chamber.
Low Oil Pressure Light
Located on the right fuel tank.
Use of summer grade diesel fuel above 20°F (-7°C)
will contribute toward longer life of the pump
components.
Light will come on when engine oil pressure is low
or lost.
22
Operation
Important: Do Not use kerosene or gasoline
instead of diesel fuel. Failure to observe this
caution will damage the engine.
rear part of the seat is secured with the seat
latch.
Do Not overfill fuel tank. Fill the fuel tank to the
bottom of the filler neck. The empty space in the
tank allows the fuel to expand. Overfilling may result
in fuel leakage or damage to the engine or emission
system.
If possible, fill the fuel tank after each use. This will
minimize possible buildup of condensation inside the
fuel tank.
Biodiesel Ready
This machine can also use a biodiesel blended fuel
of up to B20 (20% biodiesel, 80% petrodiesel). The
petrodiesel portion should be low or ultra low sulfur.
Observe the following precautions:
• The biodiesel portion of the fuel meets
specification ASTM D6751 or EN14214.
• The blended fuel composition should meet
ASTM D975 or EN590.
• Painted surfaces may be damaged by biodiesel
blends.
• Use B5 (biodiesel content of 5%) or lesser blend
in cold weather.
• Monitor seals, hoses, gaskets in contact with fuel
as they may degrade over time.
• Fuel filter plugging maybe expected for a time
after converting to biodiesel blends.
• Contact your distributor if you wish for more
information on biodiesel.
Figure 6
1. Roll bar
2. Raised position
3. Pin
4. Hairpin cotter pin
Open the Fuel Shut-Off Valve
Turn the valve to the LH or RH tank.
Starting the Engine
1. Move the motion control levers out to the neutral
lock position.
Operating Instructions
2. Pull up and back on the parking brake lever to
engage the parking brake.
Raise the Rollover Protection System
(ROPS)
3. Push down on the PTO switch to the “disengage”
position.
Note: It is not necessary for the operator to be
in the seat to start the engine.
Important: Lower the roll bar only when
absolutely necessary.
1. Remove the hairpin cotter pins and remove the
two roll bar pins (Figure 6).
2. Raise the roll bar to the upright position and
install the two pins and secure them with the
hairpin cotter pins (Figure 6).
4. Place the throttle midway between the “SLOW”
and “FAST” positions.
5. On a warm engine, place the throttle in the
“SLOW” position.
6. On a cold engine, (below 14°F (-10°C)), place the
throttle in the “MIDWAY” position.
Important: Always use the seat belt with the
roll bar in the raised position. Ensure that the
Note: Do Not use fuel left over from summer.
23
Operation
7. Turn ignition switch to the “ON” position.
Depress the glow plug switch and the glow plug
light will turn on. Hold switch as required by
chart below. Turn the ignition switch to the
“START” position. Release the ignition switch as
soon as the engine starts.
DANGER
An uncovered discharge opening will allow
objects to be thrown in an operator’s or
bystander’s direction. Also, contact with the
blade could occur. Thrown objects or blade
contact can cause serious injury or death.
Glow Plug Chart
Ambient Temperature
Hold Glow Plugs On
Above 50°F (10°C)
NO NEED
Never operate the mower with the discharge
deflector raised, removed, or altered unless there
is a grass collection system or mulch kit in place
and working properly.
50°F (10°C) to 23°F (-5°C) Approximately 5 seconds
Below 23°F (-5°C)
Approximately 10 seconds
Limit of continuous use
20 seconds
The PTO push-pull switch engages the cutting blades.
Be sure that all persons are clear of the mower deck
and discharge area before engaging PTO.
The glow plug light, located near the glow
plug switch, will illuminate when the switch is
depressed. The glow plug light indicates the glow
plugs are preheating the combustion chamber.
Important: Operator must be in seat before the
PTO can be engaged.
1. Set the throttle midway between the “SLOW”
and “FAST” positions.
2. Pull the PTO switch outward to engage the
blades.
3. Place the throttle in the “FAST” position to begin
mowing.
Important: Do Not crank the engine
continuously for more then ten seconds at a
time. If the engine does not start, allow a 30
second cool-down period between starting
attempts. Failure to follow these guidelines
can burn out the starter motor and/or fuel
solenoid.
Disengaging the PTO
1. Set the throttle midway between the “SLOW”
and “FAST” positions.
2. Push the PTO switch in to disengage the blades.
8. Move the throttle to the “SLOW” (if in
“MIDWAY”) and let the engine warm up a few
minutes before moving the throttle to the “FAST”
position.
Stopping the Engine
Engaging the PTO
1. Bring the unit to a full stop.
2. Move the motion control levers out to the neutral
lock position.
3. Engage the parking brake.
4. Place the throttle midway between the “SLOW”
and “FAST” positions.
5. Disengage the PTO.
6. Allow the engine to run for a minimum of 15
seconds, then turn the ignition switch to the
“OFF” position to stop the engine.
7. Remove the key to prevent children or other
unauthorized persons from starting engine.
8. Close the fuel shut-off valve when the machine
will not be in use for a few days, when
transporting, or when the unit is parked inside
a building.
DANGER
The rotating blades under the mower deck are
dangerous. Blade contact can cause serious
injury or kill you.
Do Not put hands or feet under the mower or
mower deck when the blades are engaged.
24
Operation
Driving the Machine
To turn left or right, pull the motion control lever
back toward neutral in the desired turn direction.
CAUTION
The machine will move faster the farther the
motion control levers are moved from the neutral
position.
Machine can spin very rapidly by positioning one
lever too much ahead of the other. Operator may
lose control of the machine, which may cause
damage to the machine or injury.
• Use caution when making turns.
• Slow the machine down before making sharp
turns.
4. To stop, position both motion control levers in
the neutral operate position.
Important: To begin movement (forward or
backward) the operator must be in the seat, the
brake lever must be disengaged (pushed down)
before the motion control levers can be moved in
or the engine will stop.
When the motion control levers are positioned fully
outward (apart) in the T-slot, the drive system is in
the neutral lock position (Figure 7).
Figure 8
When the motion control levers are moved directly
inward (together) the drive system is in the neutral
operate position.
1. Front of Unit
2. Forward
3. Neutral
4. Reverse
Driving in Reverse
1. Move the motion control levers inward to the
neutral operate position.
2. To move rearward in a straight line, move both
levers rearward with equal pressure.
To turn right, release pressure on the RH motion
control lever and the rear of the machine will
move towards the rear and to the right.
To turn left, release pressure on the LH motion
control lever and the rear of the machine will
move towards the rear and to the left.
3. To stop, position both motion control levers in
the neutral operate position.
Figure 7
1. Neutral lock position
(handles out)
2. Neutral operate position
(handles in)
3. Front of Unit
4. Forward
5. Neutral (operate)
6. Reverse
Adjusting the Cutting Height
7. Neutral lock
The cutting height of the mower deck is adjusted
from 1 to 5 inches (2.54 cm to 12.7 cm) in 1/4 inch
(6.4 mm) increments.
1. Stop the machine and move the motion control
levers outward to the neutral locked position.
2. Disengage the PTO.
3. Raise the deck height lever to the transport
position (also the 5 inch (12.7 cm) cutting height
position)(Figure 9).
Driving Forward
1. Release the parking brake.
2. Move the motion control levers inward to the
center to the neutral position.
3. To move forward in a straight line, move both
levers forward with equal pressure.
25
Operation
5. After adjusting the height of cut, adjust the
anti-scalp rollers by removing the bolt and spring
disc washer.
The deck can be raised by pulling the deck lever
up and/or by pushing down on the foot operated
deck lift assist lever located at the front right
corner of the floor pan.
6. Place the rollers in one of the positions shown
(Figure 10). Rollers will maintain 3/4 inch (19
mm) clearance to the ground to minimize gouging
and roller wear or damage.
Note: When changing the cutting height
positions, always come to a complete stop
and disengage the PTO.
Figure 10
For cutting heights above 4.0 inches (102 mm) use the
bottom hole. The rollers will still be effective against
scalping.
Figure 9
1. Lever in transport and 5 inch (12.7 cm) cutting height
position
1. Anti-scalp roller
mounting bracket
4. Insert the height adjustment pin into the hole
corresponding to the desired cutting height and
install the hairpin cotter pin.
2. Cutting height
For Maximum Deck Flotation, place the rollers
one hole position lower. Rollers should maintain
1/4 inch (6.4 mm) clearance to the ground. Do
Not adjust the rollers to support the deck.
See the decal on the side of the deck lift plate for
cut heights.
7. Be sure the roller bolts are installed with the
spring disc washer between the head of the bolt
and the mounting bracket.
5. Move the deck height lever out of the transport
position (or 5 inch (12.7 cm) cutting height) and
down onto the height adjustment pin to mow at
selected height.
Note: The foot operated deck lift assist lever
can be used to momentarily lift the deck to clear
objects. Be sure that PTO is disengaged.
Note: The foot operated deck lift assist lever
can be used to momentarily lift the deck to clear
objects. Be sure that PTO is disengaged.
8. Torque the 3/8–24 x 2 Gr 8 hex capscrew to
50–55 ft-lb (68–75 N-m) (Figure 11).
Adjusting the Anti-Scalp Rollers
It is recommended to change the anti-scalp roller
position when the height of cut has changed.
1. Stop the machine and move the motion control
levers outward to the neutral locked position.
2. Disengage the PTO.
3. Engage the park brake.
4. Stop the engine, remove the key and wait for all
moving parts to stop.
26
Operation
WARNING
Loading a unit on a trailer or truck increases
the possibility of backward tip-over. Backward
tip-over could cause serious injury or death.
• Use extreme caution when operating a unit
on a ramp.
• Use only a single, full width ramp; Do Not
use individual ramps for each side of the unit.
• If individual ramps must be used, use enough
ramps to create an unbroken ramp surface
wider than the unit.
• Do Not exceed a 15° angle between ramp and
ground or between ramp and trailer or truck.
• Avoid sudden acceleration while driving unit
up a ramp to avoid tipping backward.
• Avoid sudden deceleration while backing unit
down a ramp to avoid tipping backward.
Figure 11
1. Spring disc washer
3. 3/8 nyloc-torque to 30-35
(cone towards bolt head)
ft-lb (41-47 N-m)
2. Front right anti-scalp
4. 3/8-24 x 2 GR8 torque to
bracket shown
50-55 ft-lb (68-75 N-m)
Loading a Unit
9. If the 3/8 nyloc nut has been removed,
re-install and torque to 30–35 ft-lb (41–47 N-m)
(Figure 11).
Use extreme caution when loading units on trailers or
trucks. One full width ramp that is wide enough to
extend beyond the rear tires is recommended instead
of individual ramps for each side of the unit. The
lower rear section of the tractor frame extends back
between the rear wheels and serves as a stop for
tipping backward. Having a full width ramp provides
a surface for the frame members to contact if the
unit starts to tip backward. If it is not possible to use
one full width ramp, use enough individual ramps to
simulate a full width continuous ramp.
Transporting
Transporting a Unit
Use a heavy-duty trailer or truck to transport the
machine. Lock brake and block wheels. Securely
fasten the machine to the trailer or truck with straps,
chains, cable, or ropes. Be sure that the trailer or truck
has all necessary lighting and marking as required by
law. Secure a trailer with a safety chain.
Ramp should be long enough so that the angles
between the ramp and the ground and the ramp and
the trailer or truck Do Not exceed 15°. A steeper
angle may cause mower deck components to get
caught as the unit moves from ramp to trailer or
truck. Steeper angles may also cause the unit to tip
backward. If loading on or near a slope, position
the trailer or truck so it is on the down side of the
slope and the ramp extends up the slope. This will
minimize the ramp angle. The trailer or truck should
be as level as possible.
CAUTION
This unit does not have proper turn signals,
lights, reflective markings, or a slow moving
vehicle emblem. Driving on a street or roadway
without such equipment is dangerous and
can lead to accidents causing personal injury.
Driving on a street or roadway without such
equipment may also be a violation of State laws
and the operator may be subject to traffic tickets
and/or fines.
Important: Do Not attempt to turn the unit
while on the ramp, you may lose control and
drive off the side.
Do Not drive a unit on a public street or roadway.
Avoid sudden acceleration when driving up a ramp
and sudden deceleration when backing down a ramp.
Both maneuvers can cause the unit to tip backward.
27
Maintenance
Maintenance
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
WARNING
WARNING
While maintenance or adjustments are being
made, someone could start the engine.
Accidental starting of the engine could seriously
injure you or other bystanders.
The engine can become very hot. Touching a hot
engine can cause severe burns.
Allow the engine to cool completely before
service or making repairs around the engine area.
Remove the key from the ignition switch, engage
parking brake, and pull the wire(s) off the spark
plug(s) before you do any maintenance. Also
push the wire(s) aside so it does not accidentally
contact the spark plug(s).
Recommended Maintenance Schedule(s)
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
After the first 5 hours
• Change the engine oil.
After the first 100 hours
• Check the wheel hub slotted nut torque specifications.
• Check the wheel lug nuts.
After the first 250 hours
• Change the hydraulic filter.
Before each use or daily
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the engine oil level.
Check the mower blades.
Check the safety interlock system.
Check the rollover protections systems (roll bar) pins.
Check the seat belt.
Check for loose hardware.
Check engine coolant level.
Clean the engine cooling system.
Clean the engine and exhaust system area.
Clean the grass and debris build-up from the machine and cutting deck.
Clean the grass build-up from under the cutting deck.
Every 40 hours
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check the hydraulic oil level.
Check the tire pressures.
Check the condition of the belts.
Grease the height adjustment shaft bearings.
Grease the rear deck struts.
Drain fuel filter/water separator.
Every 50 hours
• Service the air cleaner. (May need more often under severe conditions. See the Engine
Owner’s Manual for additional information.)
• Check spark arrester (if equipped).
• Clean the engine cooling system.
Every 100 hours
• Change the engine oil. (May need more often under severe conditions.)
Every 160 hours
• Lubricate the brake handle pivot.
• Lubricate the brake rod bushings.
• Lubricate the motion control bronze bushings.
28
Maintenance
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
Every 200 hours
• Grease the brake brackets.
• Check the spark plugs.
Every 400 hours
• Replace the fuel filter/water separator (more often in dirty or dusty conditions).
Every 500 hours
• Check the wheel hub slotted nut torque specifications.
• Check the wheel lug nuts.
• Change the hydraulic filter (Every 250 hours/yearly if using Mobil 1 15W50)
Every 600 hours
• Replace the air cleaner elements. (May need more often under severe conditions. See the
Engine Owner’s Manual for additional information.)
Every 4,000 hours
Monthly
Yearly
• Change engine coolant. Dex-Cool© extended life coolant (orange color)
• Check the battery charge.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change the engine oil if operated less than 100 hours.
Grease the front caster wheel hubs.
Grease front caster pivots.
Grease the deck drive belt idler arm.
Grease the mule drive belt idler arm.
Grease the pump drive belt idler arm.
Periodic Maintenance
Important: Do Not operate the engine with the
oil level below the “LOW” (or “ADD”) mark on
the dipstick, or over the “FULL” mark.
Check Engine Oil Level
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Check Battery Charge
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Make sure unit is on a level surface.
Service Interval: Monthly
2. Check with engine cold.
WARNING
3. Raise radiator to gain access to dipstick.
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Battery posts, terminals, and related
accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling.
CAUTION
If the radiator prop rod is not securely
positioned in the notch the radiator may fall.
Falling radiator could cause serious injury.
Be sure the prop rod is engaged securely in
the notch at the far right side of the slot.
4. Clean area around dipstick. Remove dipstick and
wipe oil off. Reinsert the dipstick and push it all
the way down into the tube. Remove the dipstick
and read the oil level.
Allowing batteries to stand for an extended period of
time without recharging them will result in reduced
performance and service life. To preserve optimum
battery performance and life, recharge batteries in
storage when the open circuit voltage drops to 12.4
volts.
5. If the oil level is low, wipe off the area around the
oil fill cap, remove cap and fill to the “FULL”
mark on the dipstick. Exmark 4-Cycle Premium
Engine Oil is recommended; refer to the Engine
Owner’s manual for an acceptable alternative. Do
Not overfill.
Note: To prevent damage due to freezing, battery
should be fully charged before putting away for
winter storage.
29
Maintenance
Check the voltage of the battery with a digital
voltmeter. Locate the voltage reading of the battery in
the table and charge the battery for the recommended
time interval to bring the charge up to a full charge
of 12.6 volts or greater.
DANGER
Jump starting a weak battery that is cracked,
frozen, has low electrolyte level, or an
open/shorted battery cell, can cause an
explosion resulting in serious personal injury.
Important: Make sure the negative battery cable
is disconnected and the battery charger used for
charging the battery has an output of 16 volts and
7 amps or less to avoid damaging the battery (see
chart for recommended charger settings).
Voltage
Reading
Percent
Charge
Maximum
Charger
Settings
Charging
Interval
12.6 or
greater
100%
16 volts/7
amps
No
Charging
Required
12.4 – 12.6
75–100%
16 volts/7
amps
30 Minutes
12.2 – 12.4
50–75%
16 volts/7
amps
1 Hour
12.0–12.2
25–50%
14.4 volts/4 2 Hours
amps
11.7–12.0
0–25%
14.4 volts/4 3 Hours
amps
11.7 or less
0%
14.4 volts/2 6 Hours or
More
amps
Do Not jump start a weak battery if these
conditions exist.
2. Make sure the booster is a good and fully charged
lead acid battery at 12.6 volts or greater. Use
properly sized jumper cables (4 to 6 AWG) with
short lengths to reduce voltage drop between
systems. Make sure the cables are color coded or
labeled for the correct polarity.
CAUTION
Connecting the jumper cables incorrectly
(wrong polarity) can immediately damage the
electrical system.
Be certain of battery terminal polarity and
jumper cable polarity when hooking up
batteries.
Note: The following instructions are adapted
from the SAE J1494 Rev. Dec. 2001 – Battery
Booster Cables – Surface Vehicle Recommended
Practice (SAE – Society of Automotive
Engineers).
Recommended Jump
Starting Procedure
WARNING
Batteries contain acid and produce explosive
gases.
Service Interval: As required
1. Check the weak battery for terminal corrosion
(white, green, or blue “snow”), it must be cleaned
off prior to jump starting. Clean and tighten
connections as necessary.
• Shield the eyes and face from the batteries
at all times.
• Do Not lean over the batteries.
Note: Be sure the vent caps are tight and level.
Place a damp cloth, if available, over any vent
caps on both batteries. Be sure the vehicles do
not touch and that both electrical systems are
off and at the same rated system voltage. These
instructions are for negative ground systems only.
CAUTION
Corrosion or loose connections can cause
unwanted electrical voltage spikes at anytime
during the jump starting procedure.
Do Not attempt to jump start with loose or
corroded battery terminals or damage to the
engine may occur.
3. Connect the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the discharged battery that is wired to
the starter or solenoid as shown in Figure 12.
30
Maintenance
Figure 13
1. Install bushing in blade prior to installing bushing in
spindle.
Figure 12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Positive (+) cable on discharged battery
Positive (+) cable on booster battery
Negative (–) cable on the booster battery
Negative (–) cable on the engine block
Booster battery
Discharged battery
Engine block
B. Install bushing/blade assembly into spindle.
4. Connect the other end of the positive cable to the
positive terminal of the booster battery.
5. Connect the black negative (–) cable to the other
terminal (negative) of the booster battery.
6. MAKE THE FINAL CONNECTION ON
THE ENGINE BLOCK OF THE STALLED
VEHICLE (NOT TO THE NEGATIVE POST)
AWAY FROM THE BATTERY. STAND BACK.
Figure 14
1. Use wrench here for
blade installation. This
nut has been torqued to
90–110 ft-lb (122–149
N-m)
7. Start the vehicle and remove the cables in the
reverse order of connection (the engine block
(black) connection is the first to disconnect).
Check Mower Blades
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
2. Torque to 55-60 ft-lb
(75-81 N-m) Apply
lubricant to threads
as needed to prevent
seizing. Copper-based
anti-seize preferable.
Grease acceptable
substitute.
C. Apply lubricant to threads of blade bolt as
needed to prevent seizing. Copper-based
anti-seize preferable. Grease acceptable
substitute. Install blade bolt finger tight. Place
wrench on the top spindle nut then torque the
blade bolts to 55-60 ft-lb (75-81 N-m).
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Lift deck and secure in raised position as stated
in the Clean Grass Build-Up Under Deck
procedure.
3. Inspect blades and sharpen or replace as required.
4. Reinstall the blades (if they were removed) in the
following order:
A. Install bushing through blade with bushing
flange on bottom (grass) side of blade.
31
Maintenance
Run engine at one-third throttle, with brake
disengaged, move levers in and raise off seat (but
do not get off of machine) engine must initiate
shutdown after 1/2 second has elapsed.
WARNING
Incorrect installation of the blade or
components used to retain the blade can
be dangerous. Failure to use all original
components and assembled as shown could
allow a blade or blade component to be
thrown out from under the deck resulting in
serious personal injury or death.
Again, run engine at one-third throttle, brake
engaged, and move left motion control lever
in - engine must initiate shutdown after 1/2
second has elapsed.
Repeat again moving the right lever in, then
moving both levers in - engine must initiate
shutdown after 1/2 second has elapsed whether
operator is on seat or not.
Always install the original Exmark blades,
blade bushings, and blade bolts as shown.
Check Safety Interlock
System
Note: If machine does not pass any of these tests,
do not operate. Contact your authorized EXMARK
SERVICE DEALER.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Note: To prevent engine cut-outs on rough terrain
the seat kill switch has a 1/2 second delay.
Important: It is essential that operator safety
mechanisms be connected and in proper
operating condition prior to use for mowing.
1. Check starting circuit. Starter should crank with,
parking brake engaged, PTO disengaged and
motion control levers moved out in the neutral
lock position. The operator does not need to be
in the seat to start the engine.
Check Rollover Protections
Systems (Roll Bar) Pins
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Try to start with operator in seat, parking brake
disengaged, PTO disengaged and motion control
levers in the neutral lock position - starter must
not crank.
Make sure latch pin and hair pin are fully installed
and lanyard is in good condition.
Check Seat Belt
Try to start with operator in seat, parking brake
engaged, PTO engaged and motion control
levers in the neutral lock position - starter must
not crank.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Visually inspect seat belt for wear, cuts, and proper
operation of retractor and buckle. Replace before
operating if damaged.
Try to start with operator in seat, parking
brake engaged, PTO disengaged, and the left
motion control lever in, starter must not crank,
repeat again with the right lever in, then with
both levers in - starter must not crank.
Check for Loose Hardware
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Visually inspect machine for any loose hardware
or any other possible problem. Tighten hardware
or correct the problem before operating.
2. Check the kill circuits. Run engine at one-third
throttle, disengage parking brake and raise off
of seat (but do not get off of machine) engine
must initiate shutdown after approximately 1/2
second has elapsed (seat has time delay kill switch
to prevent cut-outs on rough terrain).
Service Air Cleaner
Run engine at one-third throttle, engage PTO
and raise off of seat (but do not get off of
machine) engine must initiate shutdown after
one second has elapsed if the handles are in. The
delay will be 1/2 second if the handles are out.
Service Interval: Every 50 hours—Service
the air cleaner. (May
need more often under
severe conditions. See
32
Maintenance
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
the Engine Owner’s
Manual for additional
information.)
Every 600 hours— Replace
the air cleaner elements.
(May need more often
under severe conditions.
See the Engine Owner’s
Manual for additional
information.)
Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
Unhook two air filter canister latches to gain
access to the air cleaner element.
Remove air cleaner canister cover and remove
outer element.
Check the condition of the paper element.
Replace if dirty, bent or damaged.
Check the condition of the inner element. Replace
whenever it appears dirty, typically every other
time the paper element is replaced. Clean the base
around the inner element before removing, so
dirt does not get into the engine.
Do Not wash or use pressurized air to clean
paper element or inner element.
Reinstall elements. Position the cover so that the
rubber dust ejector is pointing downward and
secure with retaining clips.
5. Replace the oil filter every other oil change. Clean
around oil filter and unscrew filter to remove.
Before reinstalling new filter, apply a thin coating
of Exmark 4-Cycle Premium Engine Oil on the
surface of the rubber seal. Turn filter clockwise
until rubber seal contacts the filter adapter then
tighten filter an additional 1 full turn.
6. Unlatch radiator and lift it up to access oil fill.
Clean around oil fill cap and remove cap. Fill
to specified capacity and replace cap. Use oil
recommended in the Check Engine Oil Level
section. Do Not overfill. Start the engine and
check for leaks.
7. Remove wire or tie wrap from belt spans
8. Start the engine at idle for 5 minutes. Stop engine
and wait three minutes, then check the oil level.
If required, add oil to bring level to the “FULL”
mark on the dipstick. Do Not overfill.
9. Check for leaks, including around the oil filter.
10. Wipe up any spilled oil.
Check Hydraulic Oil Level
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Engage parking brake.
2. Clean area around hydraulic reservoir cap and
remove cap. Oil level should be to the top of the
baffle inside the tank. If not, add oil. Use Exmark
Premium Hydro oil. Replace hydraulic reservoir
cap and tighten until snug. Do Not overtighten.
Change Engine Oil
Service Interval: After the first 5 hours
Every 100 hours/Yearly
(whichever comes first)
(May need more often
under severe conditions.)
Yearly if operated less
than 100 hours.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Drain oil while engine is warm from operation.
3. Fasten deck belt spans together with mechanics
wire or tie wrap to prevent oil from draining onto
belt.
4. Place pan under machine to catch oil. Remove
the oil drain plug. Allow oil to drain and replace
oil drain plug.
Note: The baffle is labeled “HOT” and
“COLD”. The oil level varies with the
temperature of the oil. The “HOT” level shows
the level of oil when it is at 225°F (107°C). The
“COLD” level shows the level of the oil when
it is at 75°F (24°C). Fill to the appropriate level
depending upon the temperature of the oil. For
example: If the oil is about 150°F (65°C), fill to
halfway between the “HOT” and “COLD” levels.
If the oil is at room temperature (about 75°F
(24°C)), fill only to the “COLD” level.
Check Tire Pressures
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
33
Maintenance
2. Check tire pressure in drive tires.
3. Inflate drive tires to 10 psi (69 kPa).
4. Semi-pneumatic caster tires do not need to be
inflated.
Lubrication Chart
Fitting
Locations
Note: Do Not add any type of tire liner or foam
fill material to the tires. Excessive loads created by
foam filled tires may cause failures to the hydro drive
system, frame, and other components. Foam filling
tires will void the warranty.
Check Condition Of Belts
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Unhook seat latch and tilt seat up. Remove the
air detector panel on front side of the engine
compartment to check pump drive belt and
alternator belt.
3. Remove left and right belt shields on deck and lift
up floor pan to inspect deck drive belt.
4. Check under machine to inspect the mule
drive belt. Refer to Mule Drive Belt Tension
Adjustment section in Adjustments.
Initial
Pumps
Number of
Places
Service
Interval
4. Deck
Drive Belt
Idler Arm
1
1
Yearly
5. Brake
Brackets
1
2
200 Hours
6. Mule
Drive Belt
Idler Arm
1
1
Yearly
7. Pump
Drive Belt
Idler Arm
1
1
Yearly
8. Deck
Rear Struts
1
2
40 Hours
* See step 3 for special lubrication instructions on
the front caster pivots and the Lubricate Caster
Wheel Hubs section for special lubrication
instructions on the front casters wheel hubs.
Lubricate Grease Fittings
Note: See chart for service intervals.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Lubricate fittings with one to two pumps of
NGLI grade #2 multi-purpose gun grease.
Refer to the following chart for fitting locations
and lubrication schedule.
Lubrication Chart
Fitting
Locations
Initial
Pumps
Number of
Places
Service
Interval
1. Front
Caster wheel
hubs
*0
2
*Yearly
2. Front
Caster
Pivots
*0
3. Height
Adjustment
Shaft
Bearings
1
Number 6 (Mule Drive Belt Idler Arm) Located
Under Engine Frame
Number 7 (Pump Drive Belt Idler Arm) Located
Under Engine Frame
2
5
*Yearly
3. Lubricate front caster pivots once a year. Remove
hex plug and cap. Thread grease zerk in hole and
pump with grease until it oozes out around top
bearing. Remove grease zerk and thread plug back
in. Place cap back on.
40 Hours
34
Maintenance
Wheel Hub - Slotted Nut
Torque Specification
Not thread spacer nut all of the way onto the end
of the axle. Leave approximately 1/8 inch (3 mm)
from the outer surface of the spacer nut to the
end of the axle inside the nut.
Service Interval: After the first 100 hours
Every 500 hours thereafter
9. Insert the assembled nut and axle into the wheel
on the side of the wheel with the new seal and
bearing.
Torque the slotted nut to 211-260 ft-lb (286-352
N-m).
10. With the open end of the wheel facing up, fill
the area inside the wheel around the axle full of
NGLI grade #1 multi-purpose grease.
Note: Do Not use anti-seize on wheel hub.
Lubricate Caster Wheel Hubs
11. Insert the second bearing and new seal into the
wheel.
Service Interval: As required
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
12. Apply a thread locking adhesive to the 2nd spacer
nut and thread onto the axle with the wrench flats
facing outward.
13. Torque the nut to 75-80 in-lb (8-9 N-m), loosen,
then re-torque to 20-25 in-lb (2-3 N-m). Make
sure axle does not extend beyond either nut.
14. Reinstall the seal guards over the wheel hub and
insert wheel into caster fork. Reinstall caster bolt
and tighten nut fully.
Important: To prevent seal and bearing damage,
check the bearing adjustment often. Spin the
caster tire. The tire should not spin freely
(more than 1 or 2 revolutions) or have any side
play. If the wheel spins freely, adjust torque on
spacer nut until there is a slight amount of drag.
Reapply thread locking adhesive.
Figure 15
1. Seal guard
2. Spacer nut with wrench
flats
2. Remove caster wheel from caster forks.
3. Remove seal guards from the wheel hub.
4. Remove one of the spacer nuts from the axle
assembly in the caster wheel. Note that thread
locking adhesive has been applied to lock the
spacer nuts to the axle. Remove the axle (with
the other spacer nut still assembled to it) from
the wheel assembly.
5. Pry out seals, and inspect bearings for wear or
damage and replace if necessary.
6. Pack the bearings with a NGLI grade #1
multi-purpose grease.
7. Insert one bearing, one new seal into the wheel.
Lubricate Brake Handle Pivot
Service Interval: Every 160 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Lubricate bronze bushings on brake handle pivot
with a spray type lubricant or light oil.
Lubricate Brake Rod
Bushings
Service Interval: Every 160 hours
Note: Seals (Exmark P/N 103-0063) must be
replaced.
8. If the axle assembly has had both spacer nuts
removed (or broken loose), apply a thread locking
adhesive to one spacer nut and thread onto the
axle with the wrench flats facing outward. Do
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Unhook seat latch and tilt seat up.
3. Lubricate bronze bushings on each end of brake
rod shaft with a spray type lubricant or a light oil
35
Maintenance
(bushings are located to the inside of the flange
bearings).
DANGER
Use of improper components can result in system
failure, fuel leakage and possible explosion.
• Ensure that an Authorized Service Dealer
replace the fuel filter and any components for
the fuel system.
• Use only approved fuel lines, hose clamps
and fuel filters for high pressure systems.
Lubricate Motion Control
Bronze Bushings
Service Interval: Every 160 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Unhook seat latch and tilt seat up.
Change Inline Fuel Filter
3. Lubricate bronze bushings on flange bearings
securing the motion control arm shafts with a
light oil or a spray type lubricant.
Service Interval: As required
An inline fuel filter is installed between the fuel tank
and the fuel pump. Replace when necessary.
Replacement Filters
Check Spark Plugs
Exmark P/N 112-7836
Service Interval: Every 200 hours
Remove spark plugs, check condition and reset gaps,
or replace with new plugs. See Engine Owner’s
Manual.
Change Hydraulic System
Filter
Service Interval: After the first 250 hours
Every 500 hours/Yearly
(whichever comes
first) thereafter
(Every 250 hours/Yearly if
using Mobil 1 15W50)
Drain Fuel Filter/Water
Separator
Service Interval: Every 40 hours
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
Note: Use only Exmark P/N 103-2146.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Raise seat.
3. Carefully clean area around filter. It is important
that no dirt or contamination enter hydraulic
system.
4. Unscrew filter to remove and allow oil to drain
from reservoir.
2. Place a drain pan under the fuel filter and loosen
the drain plug approximately 1 turn.
3. Water should drain.
4. When fuel begins to flow from the filter, tighten
the drain plug.
Important: Water or other contaminants in fuel
can severely damage fuel pump and/or the other
engine components.
Important: Before reinstalling new filter, fill
it with Exmark Premium Hydro oil and apply
a thin coat of oil on the surface of the rubber
seal.
Change Fuel Filter/Water
Separator
Turn filter clockwise until rubber seal contacts the
filter adapter, then tighten the filter an additional
2/3 to 3/4 turn.
Service Interval: Every 400 hours/Yearly
(whichever comes first)
(more often in dirty or
dusty conditions).
5. Fill reservoir as stated in Check Hydraulic Oil
Level section.
36
Maintenance
Exmark Premium Hydro Oil is recommended.
Refer to the chart for an acceptable alternative:
Hydro Oil
Change Interval
Exmark Premium Hydro
Oil (Preferred)
500 Hours
Mobil 1 15W50
250 Hours
WARNING
Engine coolant is hot and pressurized and
radiator and surrounding parts are hot. Spray or
steam from hot, pressurized liquid in the engine
cooling system and touching a hot radiator may
cause severe burns.
Allow the engine to cool completely before
removing the radiator cap or servicing any
component of the cooling system.
6. Raise the rear of machine up and support with
jack stands (or equivalent support) just high
enough to allow drive wheels to turn freely.
7. Start engine and move throttle control ahead to
full throttle position. Move the speed control
levers to the full speed and run for several
minutes. Shut down machine and recheck oil
level.
CAUTION
Engine coolant is toxic. Swallowing coolant can
cause poisoning.
• Do Not swallow.
• Keep out of reach of children and pets.
Note: Do Not change hydraulic system oil (except
for what can be drained when changing filter), unless
it is felt the oil has been contaminated or been
extremely hot.
Changing oil unnecessarily could damage hydraulic
system by introducing contaminates into the system.
Change Engine Coolant
Service Interval: Every 4,000 hours/Every 4
years (whichever comes
© extended
first) Dex-Cool©
life coolant (orange color)
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake. Machine must
be positioned on level surface.
2. Unhook seat latch, tilt seat up and tilt hood
forward to gain access to the cooling area. Do
Not raise radiator, as it may not fully drain in that
position.
Check Engine Coolant Level
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Note: If the engine coolant level is below the
indicator line on the overflow bottle when the
engine is cold, the coolant temperature gauge may
not register correctly during operation and/or
the warning buzzer may not sound if the engine
overheats.
WARNING
1. Stop engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Make sure unit is on a level surface.
Engine coolant is hot and pressurized and
radiator and surrounding parts are hot. Spray
or steam from hot, pressurized liquid in the
engine cooling system and touching a hot
radiator may cause severe burns.
2. Check with engine cold.
3. View coolant level in overflow bottle on the left
side of the engine compartment. Coolant level
should be at the indicator line on the overflow
bottle.
Allow the engine to cool completely before
removing the radiator cap or servicing any
component of the cooling system.
4. If the coolant level is low, open hood or raise
radiator, remove the cap to the overflow bottle
and fill to the indicator line. Units should only be
filled with a 50/50 mix of Dex-Cool© extended
life coolant and water. Dex-Cool© can be
identified by its orange color.
CAUTION
Engine coolant is toxic. Swallowing coolant
can cause poisoning.
• Do Not swallow.
• Keep out of reach of children and pets.
37
Maintenance
3. Drain coolant when engine is cool. Coolant may
be drained from the radiator by removing the
drain plug in the right rear corner. The engine
block may be drained by removing the rear
radiator hose and/or by opening the drain cock
on the right-hand side of the engine block (see
Figure 16).
6. With the cap off the radiator, tilt hood closed and
put the seat down. Start the engine as stated in
the Operating Instructions Section. Return the
seat up and hood forward to the open position.
7. Operate engine until the engine thermostat opens
and coolant is circulating through the radiator
core. As air is purged from the engine block and
the coolant level drops, add additional coolant to
the radiator.
8. When the radiator is completely full and no
additional coolant can be added, continue running
and install the radiator cap. Make sure that the
cap is completely seated by pressing down firmly
while turning until the cap stops. Once the cap is
installed, the engine may be stopped.
Check Spark Arrester
(if equipped)
Service Interval: Every 50 hours
Figure 16
1. Oil dipstick
WARNING
2. Drain cock
Hot exhaust system components may ignite fuel
vapors even after the engine is stopped. Hot
particles exhausted during engine operation may
ignite flammable materials. Fire may result in
personal injury or property damage.
4. Reinstall all drain plugs and hoses and tighten
drain cock.
5. Fill radiator with a 50/50 mix of water and
Dex-Cool© coolant as specified in the Check
Engine Coolant Level Section, allowing some
room (approximately 1/2 inch (12.7 mm)) for
expansion. Add 50/50 coolant mix to overflow
bottle on the left side of the engine as required
to bring the level up to the indicator line on the
bottle.
Do Not refuel or run engine unless spark arrester
is installed.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Wait for muffler to cool.
3. If any breaks in the screen or welds are observed,
replace arrester.
WARNING
Engine compartment contains open belt
drives, fans, and other rotating components
that can cause injury. Fingers, hands, loose
clothing, or jewelry can get caught by the
rotating fan and drive shaft.
• Do Not operate machine without the
covers in place.
• Keep fingers, hands, and clothing clear of
rotating components.
• Shut off engine, wait for moving parts to
stop, engage parking brake and remove
key, before performing maintenance.
4. If plugging of the screen is observed, remove
arrester and shake loose particles out of the
arrester and clean screen with a wire brush (soak
in solvent if necessary). Reinstall arrester on
exhaust outlet.
Thread Locking Adhesives
Thread locking adhesives such as “Loctite 242”
or “Fel-Pro, Pro-Lock Nut Type” are used on the
following fasteners:
• Pump drive sheave set screws.
38
Maintenance
Adjustments
• Square head setscrews on Hydro pump control
arms.
Note: Disengage PTO, shut off engine, wait for
all moving parts to stop, engage parking brake, and
remove key before servicing, cleaning, or making any
adjustments to the unit.
• Sheave retaining bolt in the end of engine
crankshaft.
• Caster wheel spacer nuts.
• Fuel tank bulkhead fitting nuts.
CAUTION
• Bolts retaining stub shaft to engine flywheel.
Fuel tank studs, where studs are inserted into tank.
Raising the mower deck for service or
maintenance relying solely on mechanical
or hydraulic jacks could be dangerous. The
mechanical or hydraulic jacks may not be enough
support or may malfunction allowing the unit to
fall, which could cause injury.
Mobil HTS Grease (Or
Food-Grade Anti-seize)
Do Not rely solely on mechanical or hydraulic
jacks for support. Use adequate jack stands or
equivalent support.
Mobil HTS grease (or food-grade anti-seize) is used
in the following locations:
Deck Leveling
Adhesives such as “Loctite RC/609 or RC/680” or
“Fel-Pro Pro-Lock Retaining I or Retaining II” are
used on the following:
1. Position mower on a flat surface.
• Between the cutter housing spindle and bearings.
2. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
• Between the cutter housing spindle and sheave.
• Under top cutter housing bearing guard.
3. Check tire pressure in drive tires. Proper inflation
pressure for tires is 10 psi (69 kPa). Adjust if
necessary.
• Between the jackshaft and bearings and the
jackshaft and sheaves.
4. Set anti-scalp rollers to top holes or remove them
completely for this adjustment.
Copper-Based Anti-seize
5. Raise the deck to the 5 inch (12.7 cm) height
position (also transport position) and take all force
off of the two large deck lift springs by loosening
the nuts at the front of each spring (Figure 17).
Copper-based anti-seize is used in the following
location:
On threads of Blade Bolts. See Check Mower
Blades section.
6. Lower the deck to the 1 inch (2.54 cm) height
position. Force the left rear deck support arm
downward about 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) to get the
deck to rest at the 1 inch height position. Place
locking pliers between the rear swivel and spring
stop to hold the deck in this position (Figure 17).
Dielectric Grease
Dielectric grease is used on all blade type electrical
connections to prevent corrosion and loss of contact.
7. Place a 3/4 inch (19 mm) thick block of wood
under each of the two rear anti- scalp roller
brackets and place one under one of the front
center anti-scalp roller brackets.
8. Loosen the two top chain bolts in slots in the rear
deck lift arms. Loosen jam nuts and back off the
socket head adjusting screws on the bottom of
the arms until the chains are just loose. Turn the
socket head adjusting screws in until slack is taken
out of each chain. Tighten the jam nuts. Tighten
39
Maintenance
Pump Drive Belt Tension
the chain bolts in the deck lift arms making sure
they don’t move while tightening.
Self-tensioning - No adjustment necessary.
9. Loosen the four nuts which secure the front
swivels (two per side) until the front chains are
loose and front of deck is supported by the 3/4
inch (19 mm) block. Do Not loosen the front
chain hardware.
Deck Belt Tension
Self-tensioning - No adjustment necessary.
10. On left side, adjust front swivel using the locking
nut behind the swivel until the front chain is tight
and all slack is removed from linkage. Do Not lift
front of deck off 3/4 inch (19 mm) block. Secure
front swivel using locking nut in front of swivel.
Repeat for right side.
Mule Drive Belt Tension
Adjustment
Self-tensioning idler, adjust as follows:
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
11. Recheck that the 3/4 inch (19 mm) blocks fit just
snugly under the brackets and that the tension on
all the chains is approximately equal. Make sure
all chain attachment bolts are tight. Reposition
anti-scalp rollers and tighten securely.
2. Check to make sure the center of the bolt head
in the center of the spring loaded pulley, on left
side engine deck support, is positioned between
the centers of the two alignment holes in the
left support plate (Figure 18 and Figure 19). It
is necessary to adjust the belt tension when the
center of the bolt head is at or below the center
of the bottom alignment hole.
3. When adjustment is necessary, loosen the idler
pulley on the right-hand side so it can move up
and down in the slot.
Figure 17
Place a wrench on the 3/8 inch nut in the center
of the spring loaded pulley and apply upward
pressure to relieve tension on the spring (a 1/2
inch drive breaker bar and 9/16 inch socket works
best).
1. Apply downward pressure here
2. Place locking pliers here to hold spring
3. 13–1/2 inches (34.3 cm) for cut heights at 2 inches or
above or 14 inches (35.6 cm) for cut heights below 2
inches
4. Remove force on deck springs by loosening nuts here
5. Swivel
6. Front of unit
7. Socket head adjusting screw
8. Jam nut
Reposition the adjusting pulley to the bottom of
the slot.
Note: When installing a new belt, it is necessary
to reposition the right adjusting pulley upward in
the slot in order to position the center of the spring
loaded pulley between the alignment holes.
12. Raise deck lift lever to the 5 inch (12.7 cm)
cutting height position (Figure 9). Adjust spring
compression until proper distance is obtained
between the two large washers (Figure 17).
Adjustment is made by turning the nut at the
front of each spring (clockwise will shorten the
spring, counterclockwise will lengthen the spring).
Lock in position with jam nuts.
Note: When above adjustments have been made,
the front of the deck will be slightly lower than the
rear of the deck.
40
Maintenance
Belt Guide Adjustment
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Remove the belt shield on the right side of mower
deck.
3. Note belt guide bolted to deck near the shield
support stud and right-hand pulley. Guide should
be 1/8 inch (3.2 mm) away from the belt, with
bolt-end of guide near end of slot (Figure 20).
4. If adjustment is necessary, loosen the bolt securing
the belt guide and make proper adjustment.
Tighten hardware.
Figure 18
1. Front of unit
2. Alignment holes
Figure 20
1. End of slot
2. Belt guide
Brake Link Adjustment
Figure 19
1. Spring idler pulley
Check to make sure brake is adjusted properly.
3. Right side idler pulley
(adjustable)
1. Disengage brake lever (lever down).
2. Front of unit
2. Measure the length of the spring. Measurement
should be 2 13/16 inches (7.1 cm) between
washers. (Figure 21).
Alternator Belt Tension
3. If adjustment is necessary, adjust the nyloc nut
at the bottom of the spring to achieve 2 13/16
inches (7.1 cm).
Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
Tilt seat and remove air deflector panel
To tighten alternator belt, loosen both upper and
lower alternator mounting bolts. Rotate alternator
out, away from engine and retighten hardware to
secure in place.
When properly tensioned, the alternator belt will
deflect 1/4 to 3/8 inch (7-9 mm) while applying 22
pounds of force to the belt midway between fan and
alternator.
41
Maintenance
Electric Clutch Adjustment
No adjustment necessary. However when the clutch
brake has worn to the point where the clutch no
longer engages consistently, the shim can be removed
to extend the clutch life.
Figure 21
1. Lever down
(disengaged)
Figure 22
6. Remove pin to adjust
rod length for additional
brake adjustment
7. Trunnion roller
8. Spring retainer bracket
1.
2.
3.
4.
2. Lever up (engaged)
3. Nyloc nut below trunnion
roller
4. Nyloc nut below spring
9. 2 13/16 inches (7.1 cm)
5. 1/8 to 3/16 inch (3.2 to 10. Jam nut above trunnion
roller
4.8 mm)
Armature
Field shell
Rotor
Brake mounting bolt
5. Brake spacer
6. Re-gap shim
7. Brake pole
Removing the Shim:
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop,
and remove key. Engage parking brake. Allow
the machine to cool completely before starting
these instructions.
Brake Adjustment
1. Check for brake link 2 13/16 inches (7.1 cm)
measurement as described in the Brake Link
Adjustment section.
2. Engage the brake lever (lever up). The space
between the brake spring bracket and the nyloc
nut under the spring should measure 1/8 inch to
3/16 inch (3.2–4.8 mm).
3. If adjustment is necessary, loosen jam nut above
the trunnion roller. Adjust the nyloc nut under
the trunnion roller until distance listed above
exists between the spring retainer bracket and the
adjacent nyloc nut. Tighten the jam nut above
the trunnion roller.
4. If the correct gap can no longer be achieved
because there is no clearance between the nyloc
nut below the spring and the jam nut above
the trunnion or there are no threads left on the
bottom nyloc nut, the length of the brake rod can
be adjusted. Remove a pin from a yoke at either
end of the brake rod and lengthen (or shorten) the
brake rod until the correct gap can be achieved by
following steps 2 and 3.
2. Using a pneumatic line, blow out any debris
from under the brake pole and around the brake
spacers.
3. Check the condition of the wire harness leads,
connectors, and terminals. Clean or repair as
necessary.
4. Verify that 12V is present at the clutch connector
when the PTO switch is engaged.
5. Measure the gap between the rotor and armature.
If the gap is greater than .04 inch (1 mm), proceed
with the following steps:
A. Loosen both brake mounting bolts one-half
to one full turn (see Figure 23).
Note: Do Not remove the brake pole from
the field shell/armature. The brake pole has
worn to match the armature and needs to
continue to match after the shim is removed
to ensure proper brake torque.
42
Maintenance
Figure 25
Figure 23
1. Brake mounting bolt
1. Feeler gauge
2. Shim
• If the gap is less than 0.010 inch, then
reinstall the shim and reference the
Troubleshooting section.
B. Using needle nose pliers, or by hand, take
hold of the tab and remove the shim (Do Not
discard the shim until proper clutch function
has been confirmed).
• If the gap is sufficient, proceed to the
safety check in step F.
C. Using a pneumatic line, blow out any debris
from under the brake pole and around the
brake spacers.
F. Perform the following safety check:
a. Sit on the seat and start the engine.
b. Make sure the blades Do Not engage
with the PTO switch “off ” and the clutch
disengaged.
D. Re-torque each bolt (M6 x 1) to 10 ft-lb (13
N-m) +/-0.5 ft-lb (0.7 N-m).
E. Using a 0.010 inch thick feeler gauge, verify
that a gap is present between the rotor and
armature face on both sides of the brake pole
as shown. (Due to the way the rotor and
armature faces wear (peaks and valleys) it is
sometimes difficult to measure the true gap.)
If the clutch does not disengage,
reinstall the shim and reference the
Troubleshooting section.
c. Engage and disengage the PTO switch
ten consecutive times to ensure the clutch
is functioning properly. If the clutch
does not engage properly, reference the
Troubleshooting section.
Reverse Indicator
Adjustment
G011733
1
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
Figure 24
1. Feeler gauge
2. Unhook seat latch and tilt seat forward.
3. Begin with either the left or right motion control
lever. Move lever to the neutral position and pull
lever back until the clevis pin (on arm below pivot
shaft) contacts the end of the slot (just beginning
to put pressure on spring). (Figure 26).
4. Check where lever is relative to notch in console
(should be centered allowing lever to pivot
outward to the neutral lock position).
43
Maintenance
5. If adjustment is needed, loosen the nut against the
yoke and while applying slight rearward pressure
on the motion control lever, turn the head of the
adjustment bolt in the appropriate direction until
lever is centered (keeping rearward pressure on
the lever will keep the pin at the end of the slot
and allow the adjustment bolt to move the lever
to the appropriate position). Tighten lock nut.
CAUTION
Raising the mower deck for service or
maintenance relying solely on mechanical
or hydraulic jacks could be dangerous. The
mechanical or hydraulic jacks may not be enough
support or may malfunction allowing the unit to
fall, which could cause injury.
Do Not rely solely on mechanical or hydraulic
jacks for support. Use adequate jack stands or
equivalent support.
6. Repeat on opposite side of unit.
1. This adjustment must be made with the drive
wheels turning. First raise the rear of machine
up and support with jack stands (or equivalent
support) just high enough to allow the drive
wheels to rotate freely.
2. Unhook seat latch and tilt seat forward.
3. Remove the electrical connection from the seat
safety switch, located directly to the left of the seat
switch assembly beside the hydraulic oil reservoir.
Temporarily install a jumper wire across the
terminals in the connector of the main wiring
harness.
4. Run the unit at least 5 minutes with the drive
levers at full forward speed to bring hydraulic
system oil up to operating temperature.
5. Loosen lock nuts from the ball joints at each end
of the pump control linkage (Figure 27).
Figure 26
1. Turn bolt here
2. Lever centered in notch
3. End of slot
4. Yoke
5. Loosen here
6. Reverse indicator
Motion Control Linkage
Adjustment
WARNING
Engine must be running and drive wheels must
be turning so motion control adjustment can be
performed. Contact with moving parts or hot
surfaces may cause personal injury.
Keep fingers, hands, and clothing clear of
rotating components and hot surfaces.
Figure 27
Right-Hand Side of Unit
1. Turn here to adjust
2. Loosen here (right-hand
thread)
6. Start engine. Brake must be engaged and
motion control levers out to start engine.
Operator does not have to be in the seat
44
Maintenance
Motion Control Damper
Adjustment
because of the jumper wire being used. Run
engine at full throttle and release brake.
7. The reverse indicator spring must be correct
before the following adjustments can be made.
See the Reverse Indicator Adjustment section.
The top damper mounting bolt can be adjusted to
obtain a more desired motion control lever resistance.
See Figure 29 for mounting options.
Note: The motion control lever needs to be in
neutral while making any necessary adjustments.
The left rod assembly controls the left wheel and
the right rod assembly controls the right wheel.
8. Bring the motion control lever into the neutral
position. Adjust RH pump control rod length
by rotating the double nuts on the rod in the
appropriate direction until the wheels slightly
creep in reverse (Figure 27). Move the motion
control lever to the reverse position and while
applying slight pressure to the lever allow the
reverse indicator spring to bring the levers back to
neutral. The wheel must stop turning or slightly
creep in reverse. When adjustment is complete,
tighten lock nuts onto ball joints.
Figure 29
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Motion control bracket
Least resistance (softest feel)
Medium resistance (medium feel)
Most resistance (firmest feel)
Torque nyloc nut to 200 in-lb (16.7 ft-lb). Bolt must
protrude past end of nyloc nut after torque.
6. Damper
7. Damper must move freely on bolt.
9. Bring the LH motion control lever into the
neutral position. Adjust the LH pump control rod
length by rotating the tracking adjustment knob in
the appropriate direction until the wheels slightly
creep in reverse. Move the motion control lever
to the reverse position and while applying slight
pressure to the lever allow the reverse indicator
spring to bring the levers back to neutral. The
wheel must stop turning or slightly creep in
reverse (Figure 28).
Caster Pivot Bearings
Pre-Load Adjustment
Remove dust cap from caster and tighten nyloc nut
until washers are flat and back off 1/4 of a turn
to properly set the pre-load on the bearings. If
disassembled, make sure the spring disc washers are
reinstalled as shown in Figure 30.
Figure 28
Left-Hand Side of Unit
1. Turn LH tracking adjustment knob. (Do Not loosen any
nuts on LH side)
10. Shut off unit. Remove jumper wire from wire
harness connector and plug connector into seat
switch.
45
Maintenance
Cleaning
Clean Engine Cooling
System
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
(May be required more
often in dry or dirty
conditions.)
CAUTION
Excessive debris around the engine cooling
air intake and inside of the pump drive belt
compartment and damaged or missing rubber
baffles can cause the engine and hydraulic
system to overheat which can create a fire hazard.
Figure 30
1. Spring disc washers
• Clean all debris from inside of pump drive
belt compartment daily.
• Clean debris from radiator screen and core
daily.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Clean all debris from inside of pump drive belt
compartment.
3. Wipe debris from screen in engine cover.
4. Rotate engine cover forward and wipe debris
from radiator core as required.
5. Clean debris from radiator fins with compressed
air.
Important: If debris or air can not be blown
through the radiator, see Cleaning of the
Radiator section.
6. Inspect seals in engine cover and replace if
necessary.
Clean Engine and Exhaust
System Area
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
(May be required more
often in dry or dirty
conditions.)
46
Maintenance
Clean Debris From Machine
CAUTION
Excessive debris around engine and exhaust
system area can cause engine, exhaust area, and
hydraulic system to overheat which can create
a fire hazard.
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
Clean all debris from engine and exhaust system
area.
2. Clean off any oil, debris, or grass build-up on the
machine and cutting deck, especially under deck
belt shields, around the fuel tank, around engine
and exhaust area.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Remove air deflector panel from behind seat.
3. Clean around flywheel, cylinder head, injectors,
and injector pump.
4. Clean all debris from the exhaust system area.
5. Wipe up any excessive grease or oil around the
engine and exhaust area.
6. Reinstall the air deflector panel.
Clean Grass Build-Up Under
Deck
Service Interval: Before each use or daily
1. Stop engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Raise deck to the transport (5 inch (12.7 cm)
cutting height) position. Lift the front of unit
and support unit using jack stands or equivalent
support.
Important: Do Not use water to clean
engine. Use low pressure compressed air. See
Engine Owner’s Manual.
Clean the Radiator
CAUTION
Raising the mower deck for service or
maintenance relying solely on mechanical
or hydraulic jacks could be dangerous. The
mechanical or hydraulic jacks may not be
enough support or may malfunction allowing
the unit to fall, which could cause injury.
Service Interval: Every 50 hours (May be
required more often in dry
or dirty conditions.)
1. Stop engine, wait for all rotating parts to stop and
remove key. Engage parking brake.
2. Allow engine to cool.
3. Rotate seat and engine cover forward.
4. While holding fan up, remove the four screws
attaching the fan to the shroud. Disconnect and
remove the fan.
5. Using compressed air, blow out debris stuck
between the fins of the entire radiator, both from
the top down and from the bottom up.
6. If debris remains, it may be necessary to use water
from a low pressure hose. If the radiator is clean,
proceed to step 8.
7. Cover the engine with a piece of cardboard, or a
plastic sheet. Squirt water down through the fins.
Blow through with low pressure air from both
directions. If debris remains, repeat until clean.
8. Re-assemble the fan to the radiator. Reconnect
the fan.
9. Start the engine to ensure the fan is functioning
properly.
Do Not rely solely on mechanical or hydraulic
jacks for support. Use adequate jack stands
or equivalent support.
3. Clean out any grass build-up from underside of
deck and in discharge deflector.
Waste Disposal
Motor Oil Disposal
Engine oil and hydraulic oil are both pollutants to
the environment. Dispose of used oil at a certified
recycling center or according to your state and local
regulations.
47
Maintenance
Battery Disposal
DANGER
Battery electrolyte contains sulfuric acid, which
is poisonous and can cause severe burns.
Swallowing electrolyte can be fatal or if it touches
skin can cause severe burns.
• Wear safety glasses to shield eyes, and rubber
gloves to protect skin and clothing when
handling electrolyte.
• Do Not swallow electrolyte.
• In the event of an accident, flush with water
and call a doctor immediately.
Federal law states that batteries should not be placed
in the garbage. Management and disposal practices
must be within relevant federal, state, or local laws.
If a battery is being replaced or if the unit containing
the battery is no longer operating and is being
scrapped, take the battery to a local certified recycling
center. If no local recycling is available return the
battery to any certified battery reseller.
48
Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Important: It is essential that all operator safety mechanisms be connected and in proper operating
condition prior to mower use.
When a problem occurs, do not overlook the simple causes. For example: starting problems could be caused
by an empty fuel tank.
The following table lists some of the common causes of trouble. Do not attempt to service or replace major
items or any items that call for special timing of adjustment procedures (such as valves, governor, etc.). Have
this work done by your Engine Service Dealer.
Note: When disconnecting electrical connectors DO NOT pull on the wires to separate the connectors.
Problem
Starter does not crank
Possible Cause
1. PTO is engaged.
1. Disengage the PTO.
2. Parking brake is not engaged.
3. Drive levers are not in neutral lock
position.
4. Battery does not have a full charge.
6. Fuse is blown.
7. Relay or switch is defective.
2. Set the parking brake.
3. Ensure the drive levers are in the neutral
lock position.
4. Charge the battery. See Check
Battery Charge and Recommended
Jump Starting Procedure sections in
Maintenance.
5. Check the electrical connections for
good contact. Clean connector terminals
thoroughly with electrical contact cleaner,
apply dielectric grease and reconnect.
6. Replace the blown fuse.
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. Fuel tank is empty.
1. Fill the fuel tank.
2. Fuel shutoff valve is closed.
3. Oil level in the crankcase is low.
4. The throttle and choke are not in the
correct position.
2. Open the fuel shutoff valve.
3. Add oil to the crankcase.
4. Be sure the throttle control is midway
between the “SLOW” and “FAST”
positions, and the choke is in the “ON”
position for a cold engine or the “OFF”
position for a warm engine.
5. Replace the fuel filter.
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
5. Electrical connections are corroded, loose
or faulty.
Engine will not start, starts hard, or fails to
keep running
Corrective Action
5. Dirt in fuel filter.
6. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in the fuel
system.
7. Air cleaner is dirty.
8. Seat switch is not functioning properly.
9. Electrical connections are corroded, loose
or faulty.
10. Relay or switch is defective.
11. Faulty spark plug.
12. Spark plug wire is not connected.
49
7. Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
8. Check the seat switch indicator. Replace
seat if needed.
9. Check the electrical connections for
good contact. Clean connector terminals
thoroughly with electrical contact cleaner,
apply dielectric grease and reconnect.
10. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
11. Clean, adjust or replace spark plug.
12. Check the spark plug wire connection.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Engine loses power
Engine overheats.
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
1. Engine load is excessive
1. Reduce the ground speed.
2. Air cleaner is dirty.
3. Oil level in the crankcase is low.
4. Cooling fins and air passages for the
engine are plugged.
5. Vent hole in the fuel cap is plugged.
6. Dirt in fuel filter.
7. Dirt, water, or stale fuel is in the fuel
system.
2. Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
3. Add oil to the crankcase.
4. Remove the obstructions from the cooling
fins and air passages.
5. Clean or replace the fuel cap.
6. Replace the fuel filter.
7. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
1. Engine load is excessive.
1. Reduce the ground speed.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Oil level in the crankcase is low.
Dirty air filter.
Coolant level is low.
Debris on or around radiator.
6. Water pump or alternator belt is worn,
loose, or broken.
Add oil to the crankcase.
Clean or replace the air cleaner element.
Add coolant.
Remove debris (see Clean the Radiator
section in Maintenance).
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
Mower pulls left or right (with levers fully
forward)
1. Tracking needs adjustment.
1. Adjust the tracking.
2. Tire pressure in drive tires not correct.
3. Reverse indicator and motion control
linkage need adjustment.
2. Adjust tire pressure in the drive tires.
3. Adjust the reverse indicator and the
motion control linkage.
Machine does not drive
1. By pass valve is not closed tight.
1. Tighten the by pass valve.
2. Drive or pump belt is worn, loose or
broken.
3. Drive or pump belt is off a pulley.
4. Broken or missing idler spring.
5. Hydraulic fluid level is low or too hot.
2. Change the belt.
Uneven cutting height.
1. Blade(s) not sharp.
1. Sharpen the blade(s).
2. Cutting blade(s) is/are bent.
3. Mower deck is not level.
2. Install new cutting blade(s).
3. Level mower deck from side-to-side and
front-to-rear.
4. Clean the underside of the mower.
5. Adjust tire pressure in the drive tires.
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
7. Replace blades, spindles and (or) check
for damage to mower deck.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Abnormal vibration
3. Change the belt.
4. Replace the spring.
5. Add hydraulic fluid to reservoir or let it
cool down.
Underside of mower is dirty.
Tire pressure in drive tires not correct.
Blade spindle bent.
Tips of adjacent blades are at an uneven
cutting height. Blades tips should be even
within 3/16 inch which is approximately
one blade thickness.
1. Cutting blade(s) is/are bent or unbalanced.
1. Install new cutting blade(s).
2. Blade mounting bolt is loose.
3. Engine mounting bolts are loose.
4. Loose engine pulley, idler pulley, or blade
pulley.
5. Engine pulley is damaged.
6. Blade spindle is bent.
7. Belt is damaged.
2. Tighten the blade mounting bolt.
3. Tighten the engine mounting bolts.
4. Tighten the appropriate pulley.
50
5. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
6. Contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
7. Install new belt.
Troubleshooting
Problem
Blades do not rotate.
Possible Cause
1. Drive belt is worn, loose or broken.
1. Check the belt tension.
2. Drive belt is off pulley.
2. Check belt for damage; replace if
necessary. Install drive belt and check belt
guide for correct position.
3. Install new deck belt.
4. Install deck pulley and check the idler
pulley, idler arm and spring for correct
position and function.
5. Replace the spring.
6. Engine has overheated; determine cause
of overheat (see Engine overheats).
3. Deck belt is worn, loose or broken.
4. Deck belt is off pulley.
5. Broken or missing idler spring.
6. Clutch has disengaged.
Warning buzzer emits continuous beep. (See
also Engine overheats).
Warning buzzer emits intermittent beep.
Clutch will not engage.
Corrective Action
1. Temperature is increasing on coolant
temperature gauge.
1. Turn unit off and allow engine and engine
components to cool.
2. Coolant level is low.
3. Debris on or around radiator.
4. Water pump or alternator belt is worn,
loose or broken.
2. Add coolant.
3. Remove debris.
4. Contact Authorized Service Dealer.
1. Oil level is low.
1. Check oil level.
2. Oil leaking from engine.
2. Contact Authorized Service Dealer.
1. Fuse is blown.
1. Replace fuse. Check coil resistance,
battery charge, charging system, and
wiring connections and replace if
necessary.
2. Low voltage supply at the clutch.
2. Check coil resistance, battery charge,
charging system, and wiring connections
and replace if necessary.
3. Replace clutch.
4. Repair or replace clutch lead wire or
electrical system. Clean connector
contacts.
5. Remove shim or replace clutch.
6. Determine cause of overheat (see Engine
overheats).
3. Damaged coil.
4. Inadequate current supply.
5. Rotor/armature airgap is too large.
6. Engine has overheated.
51
Schematics
Schematics
Electrical Diagram
52
Schematics
Electrical Schematic
53
Exmark Commercial Turf Equipment
2 Year Limited Warranty
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer’s
analysis or with the assistance provided, contact us at:
Exmark Customer Service Department
The Exmark Warranty Company
2101 Ashland Avenue
Beatrice, NE 68310
402-223-6375 or
service@exmark.com
Conditions and Products Covered
Exmark Mfg. Co. Inc. and its affiliate, Exmark Warranty
Company, pursuant to an agreement between them, jointly
warrant on the terms and conditions herein, that we will repair,
replace or adjust any part on these products and found by us
(in the exercise of our reasonable discretion) to be defective in
factory materials or workmanship for a period of two years.
This warranty applies to Exmark commercial turf equipment
sold in the U.S. or Canada. This warranty may only be
assigned or transferred to a second (or third) owner by an
authorized Exmark dealer. The warranty period commences
upon the date of the original retail purchase.
Warranty Exceptions
Warranty Period
• Bags, Belts and Tires
90 days
• Battery
1 Year Prorated
• Engine
*
* The Engine warranty is covered by the engine manufacturer.
Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s warranty statement
that is included in the literature packet.
This warranty only includes the cost of parts and labor.
Owner’s Responsibilities
If your product requires warranty service it must be returned
to an authorized Exmark service dealer within the warranty
period. This warranty extends only to turf equipment operated
under normal conditions. You must read the operator’s
manual. You must also properly service and maintain your
Exmark product as described in the operator’s manual. Such
routine maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by
you, is at your expense.
General Conditions
The sole liability of Exmark and Exmark Warranty Company
with respect to this warranty shall be repair or replacement of
defective components as set forth herein. Neither Exmark
nor Exmark Warranty Company shall be liable for any
incidental or consequential loss or damage.
Items and Conditions Not Covered
This warranty does not cover the following:
• Pickup and delivery charges to and from any authorized
Exmark Service Dealer.
• Any damage or deterioration due to normal use, wear and
tear, or exposure.
• Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as filters,
fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, and adjustments.
• Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear,
accidents, or lack of proper maintenance.
• Any repairs necessary due to use of parts, accessories or
supplies, including gasoline, oil or lubricants, incompatible
with the turf equipment or other than as recommended in
the operator's manual or other operational instructions
provided by Exmark.
There are no other express warranties except for engine and
special emission system coverage.
All warranty work must be performed by an authorized
Exmark Service Dealer using Exmark approved replacement
parts.
Such damages include but are not limited to:
• Expenses related to gasoline, oil or lubricants.
• Travel time, overtime, after hours time or other
extraordinary repair charges or charges relating to repairs or
replacements outside of normal business hours at the place
of business of the authorized Exmark Service Dealer.
• Rental of like or similar replacement equipment during the
period of any warranty, repair or replacement work.
• Any telephone or telegram charges or travel charges.
• Loss or damage to person or property other than that
covered by the terms of this warranty.
• Any claims for lost revenue, lost profit or additional cost as
a result of a claim of breach of warranty.
• Attorney's fees.
No Claim of breach of warranty shall be cause for cancellation
or rescission of the contract of sale of any Exmark mower.
All implied warranties of merchantability (that the
product is fit for ordinary use) and fitness for use (that the
product is fit for a particular purpose) are limited to the
duration of the express warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or
consequential damages, or limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions and
limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may
also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
The product must be registered with original proof of purchase
by an Exmark Service Dealer before obtaining any warranty
service.
Contact any Exmark Service Dealer to arrange service at their
dealership. To locate a dealer convenient to you, access our
website at www.exmark.com. U.S. or Canada customers may
also call 402-223-6375.
G4500-589_C
54
Notes:
55
Notes:
56
Service Record
Date:
Description of Work Done:
57
Service Done By:
58
G011841
Figure 31
This page may be copied for personal use.
1. The maximum slope you can safely operate the machine on is 15 degrees. Use the slope indicator to determine the
degree of slope of hills before operating. Do Not operate this machine on a slope greater than 15 degrees. Fold
along the appropriate line to match the recommended slope.
2. Align this edge with a vertical surface, a tree, building, fence pole, etc.
3. Example of how to compare slope with folded edge.
59
SEE EXMARK’S COMPLETE LINE OF ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
MID-MOUNT RIDING ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
CUSTOM RIDE SEAT SUSPENSION SYSTEM
OPERATOR CONTROLLED DISCHARGE
FULL SUSPENSION SEAT
ROLL OVER PROTECTION SYSTEM (ROPS)
DECK LIFT ASSIST KIT
SUN SHADE
HITCH KIT
TRASH CONTAINER
LIGHT KIT
TURF STRIPER
12V POWER PORT
ULTRA VAC COLLECTION SYSTEM
MICRO-MULCH SYSTEM
ULTRA VAC QUICK DISPOSAL SYSTEM
OUT-FRONT RIDING ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
CUSTOM RIDE SEAT SUSPENSION SYSTEM
SNOW BLADE
DUAL-TAIL WHEEL
SNOWBLOWER
FLOOR PAN EXTENDER
SUN SHADE
HITCH KIT
TRASH CONTAINER
LIGHT KIT
ULTRA VAC COLLECTION SYSTEM
MICRO-MULCH SYSTEM
ULTRA VAC QUICK DISPOSAL SYSTEM
ROLL OVER PROTECTION SYSTEM (ROPS)
WEATHER CAB
WALK-BEHIND ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONS
GRASS CATCHER
TURF STRIPER
MICRO-MULCH SYSTEM
STANDON
Place Model No. and Serial No.
Label Here (Included in the Literature
Pack) or Fill in Below
Model No.
Date Purchased
Engine Model No. and Spec. No.
Engine Serial No. (E/No)
Serial No.
©2011 Exmark Mfg. Co., Inc.
Industrial Park Box 808
Beatrice, NE 68310
All Rights Reserved
Part No. 4500-875 Rev. A
(402) 223-6300
Fax (402) 223-5489
Printed in the USA
www.exmark.com
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