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GXV270.340
___
OWNER'S MANUAL
0 HONDA
I
.
MOTOR CO., LTD. 1985
Thank you for purchasing a Honda engine.
This manual coverst h e operation and maintenance of GXV270 GXV340
engines and is based on
GXV270 engine. The DAE type is equipped for
DA type is equipped for manual starboth electric and manual starting. The
ting only. All information in this publication is based on the latest product
information available a t the time of printing.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right
t o make changes at any time
without notice and without incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
Pay special atwntjon to statements preceded by the following words:
CAUTION: Indicates a possibility of personal injury or equipment damage
if instructions are not followed.
NOTE: Gives helpful information.
If a problem should arise, or if you have any questions about your engine,
consult an authorized Honda dealer.
Honda engines are designed t o give safe and dependable serto instructions. Read andunderstandthe
vice if operatedaccording
Owner’s Manual before operating the engine. Failure t o do so could result
in personal injury or equipment damage.
1
CONTENTS
1 . SAFETYINSTRUCTIONS .......................................................
2 . COMPONENTIDENTIFICATION ..............................................
3 . BATTERY CONNECTIONS (for electric starter) ..........................
4 . REMOTE CONTROL LINKAGE .................................................
5 . PRE-OPERATIONCHECK .......................................................
6 . STARTING THE ENGINE ........................................................
7 . OPERATION ........................................................................
8 . STOPPING THE ENGINE ........................................................
High altitude operation .......................................................
9 . MAINTENANCE ...................................................................
10. TRANSPORTING/STORAGE ...................................................
I 1 . TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................
1 2. SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................
13. WARRANTY SERVICE ...........................................................
. I' .
.
2
3
4
5
6
7
11
13
14
14
15
22
23
25
26
1. SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
To ensure safe operation -
9
0
e
*
*
0
To prevent fire hazards and to provide adequate ventilation, keep the
engine at least 3 ft away from buildings and other equipment during
operation.
Do not place flammable objects such as gasoline, matches, etc., close
t o t h e engine while it is running.
Refuel in a well-ventilated area with ,the enginestopped.Gasolineis
flam,mable and explosive under certain conditions.
Do not over'fill the tank. There should be no fuelin the filler neck. Make
sure that the filler cap is closed securely.
If any fuel is spilled, clean it rrp completely before starting the engine.
Do not sriwke or allow flarnes or sparks where the engine is refueledor
where gasoline is stored.
Exhaust gas contains paisonous carbon monoxide. Avoid inhalation of
exhaust gases. Never run the engine
in a closed garage or confinedarea.
Operate the engine on a level surface.
If the engine is tilted, fuel spillage
may result.
Do not place anything on theengine, as it may create a fire hazard.
A spark arresteris available as an optimal part for this
engine. It is illegal
n
i some areas t o operate an engine without
a spark arrester. Check local
laws and regulations before operating.
3
2.COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
RECOIL STARTER
STARTER GRIP
FUEL FILLER CAP
AIR CLEANER
OIL F>LLER CAP
AND ENGINE TYPE
-\
OIL DRAIN PLUG
4
\
ELECTRIC STARTER
(DAE type)
3. BATTERY CONNECTIONS (far electric starter)
Use a 12 volt battery with an ampere-hour rating of at least
18 AH.
Connect the battery positive (+) cable t o t h e starter solenoid terminal as
shown.
Connect the battery negative (-1 cable t o an engine mounting bolt, frame
bolt, or other good engine ground connection.
Check the battery cable connectionst o be sure the cablesare secured and
free of corrosion. Remove any corrosion and coat the terminals and cable
ends with grease.
Batteriesproduceexplosive
gases.Keepsparks,flames,
and
cigarettes away. Always shield the eyes when working near batteries.
CAUTION: Do not connect the batteryin reverse polarityas this will short
circuit the battery charging system.
STARTER
SOLENOID
POSITIVE (+)
BATTERY CABLE
5
4. REMOTE CONTROL LINKAGE
The control lever is provided
with a hole for cable attachment. InstaJ a solid
wire cable as shown below. Do not use braided wire cable.
It I
i
6
5x16m
I m bo't
I
5. PRE-OPERATION CHECK
~
~~~
1. ENGINE OIL
CAUTION:
Engine oilis a major factor affecting engine performance and service life.
Non-detergent oils and vegetable oils are not recommended.
Be sure to check the engine on a level surface with the engine stopped.
an
Use
Honda
4-stroke
oil
or
equivalenthigh-detergent,premium
quality motor oil certified to meet or
exceed U.S. automobile
manufacturer's
requirements
for
Service
Classification SE or SF. Motoroils
classified SE or SF will showthis
designation on the container.
SAE 1OW-40isrecommendedfor
general, all-temperature use.
Other viscosities shown in the chart
may
be
used
when
the
average
temperature in your area is within the
indicated range.
-20
0
20
I
-30
-20
-10
60
40
I
I
0
10
80
20
100°F
30
40°C
Ambient temperature
1. Remove the oil filler cap and wipe the dipstick clean.
2. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler neck but do not screwit in.
3. If the tevel is low, add the recommended oil to the upper mark on
dipstick.
CAUTION: Running the engine with insufficient oilcan
engine damage.
the
cause Serious
DIPS
7
2. AIR CLEANER
Check the air cleanerelements t o be sure they arecleanand
condition.
Clean or replace the elements if necessary (page 17).
CAUTION: Never run the engine withoutthe
wear will result.
in good
air cleaner. Rapidengine
PAPER
ELEMENT
FOAM ELEMENT
3.FUEL
(9)
Useautomotivegasoline
with a pump octanenumber
of 86
or higher, or a research octane number of 91 or higher (unleaded fuel is
preferred t o minimize combustion chamber deposits).
Never use an oil/gasoline mixture or contaminated gasoline. Avoid getting
dirt, dust or water in the fuel tank.
After refueling, be sure to tighten the fuel tank cap firmly
6
0
Gasoline is extremely flammable and is explosive under certain conditions. Refuel in a well ventilated area with .the engine stopped.
Do not smoke or allow fianles or sparks
in ,the area where the engine is
refueled or where gasoline is stored.
Do not overfill the tank and make sure the filler cap is securely closed
after refueling.
Re careful not to spill fuel when refueling. Fuel vapor or spilled fuel may
ignite. If any fuel isspilled, make sure thearea is dry before starting the
engine.
Fuel tank capacity:
GXV270 2.0 l (0.53US.gal, 0.44 Imp gal)
GXV340 2.3 (0.61 US gal, 0.51 Imp gal)
9
GASOLINES CONTAINING ALCOHOL
If you decide to use a gasoline containing alcohol ("gasohol"), be sure the
octane rating is at least as high as that recommended byHonda. There are
t w o types of "gasohol"onecontainingethanol,andthatcontaining
methanol.
Do not use gasohol that contains more than
10% ethanol. Do not use
gasoline containing methanol (methyl or wood alcohol) that does not also
containcosolventsandcorrosioninhibitorsformethanol.Neveruse
gasoline containing more than 5% methanol, even if it has cosolvents and
corrosion inhibitors.
NOTE:
Fuel system damageor engine performance problems resulting from the
use of such fuels are not covered under Power Equipment Warranties.
Hondacannotendorse
the useoffuelscontainingmethanolsince
evidence of their suitability is as yet incomplete.
Beforepurchasingfuelfrom
an unfamiliarstation,
try t o confirm
whether the fuel contains alcohol, and
t o w h a tpercentage. If you notice
any undesirable operating symptoms after using a gasoline that you
k n o w or suspect contains alcohol, switch to
a gasoline that youare sure
does not contain alcohol.
10
6 . STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the fuel valve to the ON position.
2. Move the control lever to the CHOKE position.
NOTE: If the engine is warm or the air temperature is high, move the control lever away from the CHOKE position as soon as the engine starts.
11
3.. With recoil starter:
Pull the starter grip lightly until resistance is felt, then pull briskly.
CAUTION: Do not allow the starter grip to snap back against the engine.
Return it gently to prevent damage to the starter.
-------
With electric starter:
Turn the engine switch to theSTART position and holdit there until the
engine starts.
NOTE: Do not use the electric starter for more than
5 seconds at a time. If
the engine fails t o start, release the switch and wait 10 seconds before
operating the starter again.
When the
position.
12
enginestarts,allowtheengineswitchtoreturntothe
ON
7.OPERATION
When the engine warms up, move the controllever from the CHOKE position to the operating position for thedesired engine speed.
.
OIL ALERT BUZZER (oil alert type only)
engine oil level falls
The "OIL ALERT" buzzer will warn you before the
below the safe limit.If the buzzer sounds, stop the engine and add oil (see
page 7 ) .
CAUTION: The buzzer indicates insufficient oil. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious engine damage.
13
8.STOPPING ,THE ENGINE
1. Move the control lever to theSTOP position.
2. Turn the fuel valve t o t h e OFF position.
1
1
High altitude operation
will be excessively
A t high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture
rich. Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption will increase.
High altitude performance can be improved by installing
a smaller diameter
main fuel jet
in the carburetor and readjusting pilot
the screw. Ifyou always
operate the engine at altitudes higher than
6,000 feet above sea level, have
your
authorized
Honda
Engine
dealer perform
these
carburetor
modifications.
'
Even with suitable carburetor jetting, engine horsepowerwill decrease approximately 3.5% for each 1,000 foot increase in altitude. The affect of
altitude on horsepower will be greater than this if no carburetor modification is made.
CAUTION: Operation of the engine at analtitude lower than the carburetor
is jetted for may result in reduced performance, overheating, and serious
engine damage caused by an excessively lean aidfuel mixture.
14
9. MAINTENANCE
The purpose of the maintenance and adjustment schedule is t o keep the
engine in good operating condition. Inspect or service as scheduled in the
table below.
Shut off the engine before performing any maintenance. If the
engine must berun, make sure thearea is well ventilated.
The exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas.
CAUTION: Use only genuine HONDA parts or their equivalent.-The use of
replacement parts which are not of equivalent quality may damage the
engine.
Maintenance Schedule
REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD
Performed at every indicated month or
operating hour interval, whichever
comes first.
ITEM
Engine oil
c
I
Fuel tank and
strainer
Clean
Fuel line
Check
(Replace if
necessary)
Spark plug
Spark arrester
1
First
m
r
Every
Every
13 nth;:s
20 Hrs.
5 0 Hrs.
100 Hrs.
Check level
Clean
Air cleaner
Eaa
Change
Check
I
I
s
:6 m
1
Every
300 Hrs.
r;y:
----t---
Check-Readjust
* I
Clean
Every 3 years (2)
NOTE: ( 1 1 Service more frequently when used in dusty areas.
(2) These items should be serviced by an authorized Honda dealer, unless the owner has the
proper tools and is mechanically proficient. See the Honda Shop Manual.
15
1. Oil change
Drain the oil while the engine is still warm
draning.
t o assure rapid and complete
I . Remove the oil filler cap and drain plugt o drain the oil.
2. Install the drain plug and tighten it securely.
3. Refill with the recommended oil (see page 71 and check the oil level.
4. Install the oil filler cap.
ENGINE OIL CAPACITY: 1 . I B (1.2 US qt, 1.O Imp qt)
OIL FILLER CAP
I
DRAIN'PLUG
CAUTION: Used motor oil may cause skin cancerif repeatedly left in conunless
tact with the skin for prolonged periods. Although this is unlikely
you handle used oil on a daily
basis, it is still advisablet o thoroughly wash
your handswith soap and wateras soon as possible after handling used
oil.
NOTE: Please dispose of used motor oil in a manner that is compatible
with the environment. We suggest you take
it in a sealed container t o your
local service station for reclamation. Do not throwit in the trash or pour it
on the ground.
16
2. Air cleaner service
A dirty air cleaner will restrict air flow to the carburetor. To prevent carburetor malfunction, service the
air cleanerregularly.Servicemorefrequently when operating the engine in extremely dusty areas.
Newer use gasoline ar low .flash point solvents for cleaning the
air cleaner element. A fire or explosion could result.
CAUTION: Newer run the engine without the
wear will result.
1. Remove the wing nuts and the air
the elecleanercover.Remove
ments
and
separate
them.
Carefully check both elements for holes
or tears and replace if damaged.
element
2.element:
Foam
the
Wash
household
ofsolution
in a
detergent
and
warm
water,
then
in
rinse
thoroughly,
wash
or
nonflammable or high flash point
solvent. Allow the element to dry
thoroughly.
Soak the element in clean engine
and oil
squeeze
excess
oil.the out
engine
The
willduring
smoke
initial start-up if too much oil is left
in the foam.
3. Paper element:Taptheelement
lightly several times on a hard surfacetoremoveexcessdirt,or
blow compressed air through the
filter from the inside out. Never try
t o brush the dirt off; brushing will
force dirt into the fibers. Replace
the paper
element
if
it is
excessively dirty.
air cleaner.Rapidengine
WING NUT
AIR CLEANER
COVER
PAPER
ELEMENT
FOAM
ELEMENT
17
~
3. Spark plug service
Recommended sparkplug:BPR5ES (NGK)
WIGEPR-U (ND)
CAUTION: Never use a spark plug of incorrect heat range.
To ensure proper engine operation,the spark plug mustbe properly gapped
and free of deposits.
1. Remove the spark plug cap and use a spark plug wrencht o remove the
Plug.
If the engine has been running,
- the muffler will be verv hot. Be
careful not ta touch the muffler.
SPARK PLUG
SPARK PLUG
WRENCH
2. Visually inspect the spark plug. Discard it if the insulator is cracked or
chipped. Clean the spark plug with a wire brush if it is t o be reused.
3. Measure the plug gap with a feeler gauge. The gap should be 0.7-0.8
mm (0.028-0.031in).Correct
electrode.
as necessary bybendingthe
0.7-0.8 m m
(0.028-0.031 in)
18
side
4. Check that the spark plug washer is in good condition and thread'the
spark plug in by hand to prevent cross-threading.
5. After the spark plug isseated, tighten with a spark plug wrenchto compress the washer.
NOTE: When installing a n e w spark plug, tighten 112 turn after the spark
plug seats t o compress the washer. When reinstalling a used spark plug,
tighten 1 /8- 1/4 turn after the spark plug seats t o compress the washer.
CAUTION:The sparkplug must be securely tightened. An improperly
tightened spark plug can become very hot and may damage the engine.
19
4. Spark arrester maintenance (optional part)
If the engine has been running, the mufflerwill be very hot.
Allow it to cool before proceeding.
1. Remove the three 5 mm screws and remove the muffler protector.
2. Remove the8 m m n u t sand then remove the identification plate, muffler
and gasket.
3. Remove the spark arrester from the muffler.
MUFFLER PROTECTOR
GASKET
5 mm SCREW
PLATE
4. Use a brush t o remove carbon deposits from the spark arrester screen.
CAUTION: Be careful not to damage the spark arrester screen.
SPARK
ARRESTER
SCREEN
NOTE: The spark arrester must
necessary.
I
be free of breaks and holes.
5. Installthesparkarresterandthemuffler
disassembly.
20
Replace, if
in the reverseorderof
5. Carburetor adjustment
1. Starttheengineandallow
it t ow a r m
up t o normaloperating
temperature.
2. Place the control lever in the SLOW position.
3. With the engine idling, turn the pilot screw in or out to the setting that
produces the highest idle rpm. The correct setting
will usually be approximately 1-3/4 turns out from the fully closed position.
CAUTION: Do not tighten thepilot screw against its seat; this will damage
the pilot screw or seat.
PILOT SCREW
3. After the pilot screw is correctly adjusted, turn the throttle stop screw
to obtain the standard idlespeed.
Standard idle speed: 1,400 k 150 rpm.
I_
THROTTL~STOP SCREW
21
IO. TRAMSPORTING/STORAGE
When transporting the engine, turn the fuel valve to the OFF
position and keep the engine level t a prevent fuel spillage. Fuel vapor or
spilled fuel may ignite.
Before storing the unit for an extended period;
1. Be sure the storage area is free of excessive humidity and dust.
2. Drain the fuel tank and carburetor into a suitable gasoline container:
a. Remove the fuel tube and drain the fuel tank.
b. Loosen the carburetor drain bolt t o drain the carburetor.
-DRAIN SCREW
c. Retighten the drain bolt, connect the fuel tube and turn the fuel valve
OFF.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and i s explosive under certain
conditions. Do not smoke or allow flames or sparks in the area.
3. Change the engine oil (page 16).
4. Remove the spark plug and pour about a tablespoon of clean engine oil
into the cylinder. Crank the engine several revolutions t o distribute the
oil, then reinstall the spark plug.
5. Pull the starter ropeslowly until resistance is felt.This closes the valves
and will help to protect the engine from internal corrosion.
6. Cover the engine t o keep out dust.
22
1 I . TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine will not start using recoil starter:
1, Is the control lever in the CHOKE position?.
2. Is the fuel valve ON?
3. Is there fuel in the fuel tank?
4. Is gasoline reaching the carburetor?
To check, loosen the drain screw with the fuel valve on.
Ewam
If any fuel is spilled, make sure the area dry before testing the
spark plug or starting the engine. Fuel vapor
spilled fuel may ignite.
is
or
\
DRAIN SCREW
5. Is there a spark at the spark p l u ~ ?
a. Remove the spark plug cap.
C k a n any dirt from around the spark plug
base, then remove the spark plug.
b. Install the spark plug in the plug cap.
C. Turn the engine switch on.
d. Grounding the side electrodet o any engine ground, and pullthe recoil
starter to see if sparks jump across the gap.
e. If there is no spark, replace the plug.
If OK, reinstall the spark plug and try to start the engine again according to the instructions.
6. If the engine still does not start, take the engine
t o an authorized Honda
deafer.
23
Engine will not start using electric starter:
1. Are the battery cables securely connected and free of corrosion?
2. Is the battery fully charged?
3. If the starter motor operates but the engine
will not start, follow the
troubleshooting procedures described under recoil starter operation.
24
12. SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions
Power equipment
description code
1
iI
Length x Width x Height
I Dry weight
I
GXV270
GXV340
GJOI
GJ02
I
I
410 x385 x 405 mm 430
x 385 x 410 mm
(16.1 x 15.2 x 15.9 in) (16.9 x 15.1 x 16.1 in)
I
(61.7
kg
28
Ib)
kg
32
( i ’ r l
1
Engine
Engine type
4-strolte, overhead valve, single cylinder
270 cc (16.5 cu in)
[77 x 58 mm (3.0 x 2.3in)l
337 cc (20.6 cu in)
182 x 6 4 rnm (3.2 x 2.5in)l
Max. output
8.5 HP/3,600 rpm
11 HP/3,600 rpm
Max. torque
1.8 kg-m/2,500 rpm
2.45 kg-m/2,500 rpm
Displacement
[Bore x Stroke1
_____
Fuel consumption
system
Ignition system
PTO shaft rotation
240 g/HPh
230 g/HPh
Forced air Cooling
Transistorized magneto
Counterclockwise
25
13. WARRANTY SERVICE
Owner Satisfaction
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important to your dealer and to us. All
Honda warranty detailsare explained in the Distributor‘s Limited Warranty.
Warranty service isavailable at any dealership displaying the Honda Power
Equipment Engines sign. To locate dealers in your area, look in the yellow
pages of your telephone directory under
Gasoline Engines, Garden & Lawn
Equipment & Supplies, Lawn Mowers, etc.
I
Normally,anyproblemconcerningtheengine
will behandled bythe
dealer’s service department. If you have a warranty problem that has n o t
beenhandled t o yoursatisfaction, w e suggestyoutakethefollowing
action:
Discuss your problemwith a member of dealership management. Often
complaints can be quickly resolved at
that level. If the problem has
already been reviewedwith the Service Manager, contact the owner of
the dealership or the General Manager.
If your problem still has not been resolvedt o your satisfaction, contact
thePowerEquipmentCustomerRelationsDepartmentofAmerican
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Power Equipment Customer Relations Department
P.O. Box 5 0
Gardena, California 90247-0805
Telephone: (213) 604-2400
We still need the following information in order t o assist you:
- Your name, address, and telephone number
- Engine model and serial number
- Date of purchase
- Dealer name and address
- Product or equipment in which the engine is installed.
- Nature of the problem
After reviewing all the facts involved, you will be advised of what action
can be taken. Please bear in mind that your problem will likely be resolved
at thedealership, using thedealer’s facilities, equipment, andpersonnel, so
it is very important that your initial contact be with the dealer.
Your purchase ofa Honda engine is greatly appreciatedby both yourdealer
and American Honda Motor Co., Inc. We want t o assist you in every way
possible t o assure your complete satisfaction with your purchase.
26
MEMO
27
MEMO
28
HONDA
HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD. TOKYO, JAPAN
31 Z E 9 0 2 0
00x3 1-ZE9-0200
@ @ @50008611
PRINTED IN JAPAN
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