Ferris Industries 5900591 Lawn Mower User Manual

OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
IS5100Z Series
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Zero-Turn Riding Mower
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61” Model:
Model
5901013
Description
33HP Caterpillar Diesel w/ 61” Mower Deck & ROPS (IS5100ZC33D)
72” Models:
Tractor
5901011
33HP Caterpillar Diesel w/ ROPS (IS5100ZC33D)
Mower Deck
5900591
72” Side Discharge Mower Deck (5100/72)
5900592
72” Rear Discharge Mower Deck (5100/72RD)
5102954
Rev A
Thank you for purchasing this quality-built FERRIS
product. We’re pleased that you’ve placed your
confidence in the FERRIS brand. When operated and
maintained according to the instructions in this manual,
your FERRIS product will provide many years of
dependable service.
This manual contains safety information to make
you aware of the hazards and risks associated with
this machine and how to avoid them. This machine
is designed and intended to be used and maintained
according to the manual and operated by trained
professionals for finish cutting of established lawns and
is not intended for any other purpose. It is important
that you read and understand these instructions
thoroughly before attempting to start or operate this
equipment. Save these original instructions for
future reference.
PRODUCT REFERENCE DATA
Unit SERIAL Number
Mower Deck Model Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
Dealer Name
Date Purchased
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the state of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
WARNING
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories
contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals
known to the state of California to cause caner
and reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
Illustrated Parts Lists
The Illustrated Parts List for this machine can be
downloaded from www.ferrisindustries.com. Please
provide model and serial number when ordering
replacement parts.
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Unit Model Number
WARNING
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Engine Make
Engine Model
Engine Type/Spec
Engine Code/Serial Number
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See Page 11 for the location of Identification Numbers
Briggs & Stratton Power Products Group, LLC.
Copyright © 2011 Briggs & Stratton Corporation
Milwaukee, WI, USA. All rights reserved.
FERRIS is a trademark of Briggs & Stratton Corporation
Milwaukee, WI, USA.
Contact Information:
Briggs & Stratton Power Products Group, LLC.
5375 N. Main St.
Munnsville, NY 13409-4003
(800) 933-6175
www.ferrisindustries.com
Table of Contents
Operator Safety .................................................. 2
Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Repair ....... 36
Identification Numbers ..........................................11
Safety Decals ........................................................12
Safety Icons ..........................................................14
Safety Interlock System ........................................15
Troubleshooting the Rider ....................................36
Troubleshooting the Mower ..................................37
Troubleshooting Common Cutting Problems ........38
Seat Adjustment....................................................39
Ground Speed Control Lever Adjustment .............39
Speed Balancing Adjustment ................................39
Neutral Adjustment ...............................................40
Neutral Position & Return Spring Adjustment.......40
Parking Brake Adjustment ....................................41
Mowing Height Adjustment ...................................41
Rear Tire Camber Adjustment ..............................42
Suspension Adjustment ........................................43
Deck Lift Rod Timing Adjustment .........................44
Deck Leveling Adjustment ....................................45
Belt Removal & Replacement ...............................45
Gearbox Maintenance...........................................49
Deck Shut Down Module ......................................49
Battery Service......................................................50
Features & Controls ......................................... 16
Control Functions ..................................................16
Operation........................................................... 18
Specifications ................................................... 52
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General .................................................................18
Checks Before Starting .........................................18
Priming the Fuel System.......................................19
Starting the Engine ...............................................20
Stopping the Tractor and Engine ..........................20
Driving the Tractor ................................................20
Pushing the Rider by Hand ...................................21
Zero Turn Driving Practice ....................................22
Mowing ..................................................................24
Mowing Recommendations...................................24
Mowing Methods ...................................................25
Attaching a Trailer .................................................26
Raising & Lowering the Roll Bar ...........................27
Storage .................................................................28
Starting After Long Term Storage .........................28
Diesel Fuel Recommendations .............................28
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
Regular Maintenance ....................................... 29
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Maintenance Schedule .........................................29
Checking Tire Pressures ......................................29
Checking/Adding Fuel ...........................................30
Fuel Filter ..............................................................30
Check / Add Engine Oil ........................................31
Check / Change Air Filter .....................................31
Check Hydraulic Oil Level.....................................31
Hydraulic Oil Filter Change ...................................31
Check Engine Coolant Level ................................32
Change Engine Coolant ........................................32
Clean Radiator, Screen & Oil Cooler ....................32
Lubrication ............................................................33
Cleaning the Battery & Cables .............................34
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................35
1
Operator Safety
Operating Safety
Congratulations on purchasing a superior-quality piece of
lawn and garden equipment. Our products are designed and
manufactured to meet or exceed all industry standards for safety.
Do not operate this machine unless you have been trained.
Reading and understanding this operator’s manual is a way to
train yourself.
Power equipment is only as safe as the operator. If it is misused,
or not properly maintained, it can be dangerous! Remember, you
are responsible for your safety and that of those around you.
Use common sense, and think through what you are doing. If
you are not sure that the task you are about to perform can be
safely done with the equipment you have chosen, ask a
professional: contact your local authorized dealer.
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Read the Manual
The operator’s manual contains important safety
information you need to be aware of BEFORE you
operate your unit as well as DURING operation.
Safe operating techniques, an explanation of the
product’s features and controls, and maintenance
information is included to help you get the most out of
your equipment investment.
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Be sure to completely read the Safety Rules and
Information found on the following pages. Also
completely read the Operation section.
Children
Tragic accidents can occur with children. Do
not allow them anywhere near the area of
operation. Children are often attracted to the
unit and mowing activity. Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
If there is a risk that children may enter the
area where you are mowing, have another
responsible adult watch them.
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Operator Safety
Slope Operation
Operation on slopes can be dangerous. Using the unit on a slope
that is too steep where you do not have adequate wheel traction
(and control) can cause sliding, loss of steering, control, and
possible rollover. You should not operate on a slope greater than
a 5.4 foot rise over a 20 foot length (15 degrees).
Always mow across slopes, not up and down (to maintain traction
on the wheels) and avoid sudden turns or rapid speed changes.
Reduce speed and use extreme caution on ALL slopes.
Also, note that the surface condition you are on can greatly impact
your ability to safely operate this machine. Operating on wet or
slippery slopes can cause sliding and loss of steering and control.
Do not operate on slopes that are slippery, wet, or have soft soil
conditions.
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If you feel unsure about operating the unit on a slope, don’t do it.
It’s not worth the risk.
Thrown Objects
This unit has spinning mower blades. These blades can pick up and
throw debris that could seriously injure a bystander. Be sure to clean
up the area to be mowed and remove objects that could be thrown by
the blade BEFORE you start mowing.
Do not operate this unit without the entire grass catcher or discharge
guard (deflector) in place.
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Also, do not allow anyone in the area while the unit is running! If
someone does enter the area, shut the unit off immediately until they
leave.
Moving Parts
This equipment has many moving parts that can injure
you or someone else. However, if you stay in the
operator zone (stay seated in the seat), and follow the
safety rules in this operator’s manual, the unit is safe to
operate.
The mower deck has spinning mower blades that can
amputate hands and feet. Do not allow anyone near the
unit while it is running! Keep safety devices (guards,
shields, and switches) in place and working.
To help you, the operator, use this equipment safely, it
is equipped with an operator-present safety system. Do
NOT attempt to alter or bypass the system. See your
dealer immediately if the system does not pass all the
safety interlock system tests found in this manual.
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Operator Safety
Roll Bar Use
Keep the roll bar in the raised position and fasten the
seat belt. There is no roll over protection when the
roll bar is down! Do not jump off if the mower tips (it
is safer to be secured by the seat belt with the roll bar
raised.)
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Lower the roll bar only when necessary (such as to
temporarily clear a low overhanging obstacle) and
NEVER remove it. Do NOT use the seat belt when
the roll bar is down. Raise the roll bar as soon as
clearance permits.
Retaining Walls, Dropoffs, and Water
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Retaining walls and drop-offs around steps and
water are a common hazard. Give yourself a
minimum of two mower widths of clearance
around these hazards and hand-trim with a
walk behind mower or string trimmer. Wheels
dropping over retaining walls, edges, ditches,
embankments, or into water can cause rollovers,
which may result in serious injury, death, or
drowning.
Overhead Obstacles
Check for overhead clearances before driving
under any objects. Do not allow the roll bar to
contact low overhanging obstacles such as tree
branches and guide wires.
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Operator Safety
Fuel and Maintenance
Always disengage all drives, shutoff the engine, and
remove the key before doing any cleaning, refueling, or
servicing.
Gasoline and its vapors are extremely flammable. Do not
smoke while operating or refueling. Do not add fuel while
engine is hot or running. Allow engine to cool for at least
3 minutes prior to adding fuel.
Do not add fuel indoors, in an enclosed trailer, garage,
or any other enclosed area that is not well ventilated.
Gasoline spills should be cleaned up promptly and before
operation begins.
Gasoline should be stored only in sealed containers
approved for fuel.
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Proper maintenance is critical to the safety and
performance of your unit. Keep the unit free of
grass, leaves, and excess oil. Be sure to perform the
maintenance procedures listed in this manual, especially
periodically testing the safety system.
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Enclosed Areas
Only operate this unit outdoors and
away from unventilated areas such as
inside garages or enclosed trailers.
The engine emits poisonous carbon
monoxide gas and prolonged exposure
in an enclosed area can result in
serious injury or death.
5
Operator Safety
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss
of control of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or
equipment. This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects.
The triangle
in text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
TRAINING
PREPARATION
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1. Evaluate the terrain to determine what
accessories and attachments are needed to
properly and safely perform the job. Use only
accessories and attachments approved by the
manufacturer.
2. Wear appropriate clothing including safety shoes,
safety glasses and ear protection. Long hair,
loose clothing or jewelry may get tangled in
moving parts.
3. Inspect the area where the equipment is to be
used and remove all objects such as rocks, toys
and wire, which can be thrown by the machine.
4. Use extra care when handling gasoline and
other fuels. They are flammable and vapors are
explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
b) Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the
engine running. Allow engine to cool before
refueling. Do not smoke.
c) Never refuel or drain the machine indoors.
5. Check that operator’s presence controls, safety
switches and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate unless they are
functioning properly.
OPERATION
1. Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
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2. Mow only in the daylight or with good artificial
light, keeping away from holes and hidden
hazards.
3. Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake
is engaged before starting engine. Only start
engine from the operator’s position. Use seat
belts if provided.
4. Be sure of your footing while using pedestrian
controlled equipment, especially when backing up.
Walk, don’t run. Reduced footing could cause
slipping.
5. Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Be
sure to travel in the recommended direction on
hillsides. Turf conditions can affect the machines
stability. Use caution when operating near dropoffs.
6. Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind before
and while traveling in reverse.
7. Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the
deflector in place.
8. Slow down and use caution when making turns
and when changing directions on slopes.
9. Never raise deck with the blades running.
10. Never leave a running unit unattended. Always
disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop
engine, and remove keys before dismounting.
Keep hands and feet away from the cutting units.
11. Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
12. Never operate with guards not securely in place.
Be sure all interlocks are attached, adjusted
properly and functioning properly.
13. Never operate with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered, unless using a grass catcher.
14. Do not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine.
15. Stop on level ground, lower implements,
disengage drives, engage parking brake, shut off
engine before leaving the operator’s position for
any reason including emptying the grass catchers
or unclogging the chute.
16. Stop equipment and inspect blades after striking
objects or abnormal vibration occurs. Make
necessary repairs before resuming operations.
17. Keep hands and feet away from the cutting units.
18. Look behind and down before backing up to be
sure of a clear path.
19. Never carry passengers and keep pets and
bystanders away.
20. Do not operate the unit while under the influence
of alcohol or drugs.
21. Slow down and use caution when making turns
and crossing roads and sidewalks. Stop blades if
not mowing.
22. Use care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
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1. Read, understand, and follow all instructions in
the manual and on the unit before starting. If the
operator(s) or mechanic(s) can not read English
it is the owner’s responsibility to explain this
material to them.
2. Become familiar with the safe operation of the
equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
3. All operators and mechanics should be trained.
The owner is responsible for training the users.
4. Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar
with the instructions, to operate the unit.
5. Never let children or untrained people operate
or service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
6. The owner/user can prevent and is responsible
for accidents or injuries occurring to themselves,
other people or property.
7. Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should
evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and others
from serious injury.
Operator Safety
23. Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
24. To reduce fire hazard, keep unit free of grass,
leaves & excess oil. Do not stop or park over dry
leaves, grass or combustible materials.
WARNING
It is a violation of California Public Resource
Code, Section 4442, to use or operate the
engine on any forest-covered, brush-covered
or grass-covered land unless the exhaust
system is equipped with a spark arrester,
as defined in Section 4442, maintained in
effective working order. Other states or federal
jurisdictions may have similar laws. Contact
an Authorized Service Dealer to obtain a spark
arrester designed for the exhaust system
installed on this engine.
CAUTION
This machine produces sound levels
in excess of 85 dBA at the operator’s
ear and can cause hearing loss
though extended periods of exposure.
Wear hearing protection when operating this
machine.
SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not
drive on it.
WARNING
Do Not
1. Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a slope.
If tires lose traction (i.e. machine stops forward
motion on a slope), disengage the blade(s) (PTO)
and drive slow off the slope.
2. Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually uphill, if possible. Never
mow down slopes.
3. Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments. The operator could lose footing or
balance or mower could suddenly turn over if a
wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an
edge caves in.
4. Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced footing or
traction could cause sliding.
5. Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot
on the ground. (ride-on units)
6. Do not mow excessively steep slopes.
7. Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
8. Do not mow slopes if you cannot back up them.
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25. OSHA regulations may require the use of hearing
protection when exposed to sound levels greater
than 85 dBA for an 8 hour time period.
5. Use extra care with grass catchers or other
attachments. These can change the stability of
the unit.
6. Keep all movement on the slopes slow and
gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed
or direction.
7. See your authorized dealer for recommendations
of available weights to improve stability.
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Do not use this machine on slopes greater than
15°.*
Select slow ground speed before driving onto
slope. Use extra caution when operating on
slopes with rear-mounted grass catchers.
Mow across the face of slopes, not up and
down, use caution when changing directions
and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
Do
1. Mow across slopes, not up and down.
2. Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
3. Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
4. Use slow speed. Choose a slow speed so that
you will not have to stop or change speed while
on the slope.
*This limit was determined per CEN Standard EN 836:1997, Section
5.2.2 and is based on the EN 836 Stability Test procedure described in
Section 4.2.4.2. The 15 degree “limit of stability” is equal to 50% of the
angle at which machine lift-off occurred in static tests. Actual dynamic
stability may vary depending on operating conditions.
TOWED EQUIPMENT (RIDE-ON UNITS)
1. Tow only with a machine that has a hitch designed
for towing. Do not attach towed equipment except
at the hitch point.
2. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations
for weight limit for towed equipment and
towing on slopes. See attaching a trailer under
OPERATION.
3. Never allow children or others in or on towed
equipment.
4. On slopes, the weight of the towed equipment
may cause loss of traction and loss of control.
5. Travel slowly and allow extra distance to stop.
6. Do not shift to neutral and coast down hill.
CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted
to the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that
children will remain where you last saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and under
the watchful care of another responsible adult.
2. Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
3. Before and during reverse operation, look behind
and down for small children.
4. Never carry children, even with the blade(s) off.
They may fall off and be seriously injured or
interfere with safe unit operation. Children who
have been given rides in the past may suddenly
appear in the mowing area for another ride and be
run over or backed over by the machine.
5. Never allow children to operate the unit.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
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Operator Safety
EMISSIONS
1. Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
2. Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period
and Air Index information on the engine emissions
label.
IGNITION SYSTEM (GASOLINE MODELS)
1. This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES-002.
SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use
extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is
extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.
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Safe Handling of Gasoline
1. Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other
sources of ignition.
2. Use only approved gasoline containers.
3. Never remove the gas cap or add fuel with the
engine running. Allow the engine to cool before
refueling.
4. Never fuel the machine indoors.
5. Never store the machine or fuel container where
there is an open flame, spark, or pilot light such
as near a water heater or other appliance.
6. Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a
truck bed with a plastic bed liner. Always place
containers on the ground away from your vehicle
before filling.
7. Remove gas-powered equipment from the truck
or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not
possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer
with a portable container, rather than from a
gasoline dispenser nozzle.
8. Keep nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank
or container opening at all times until fueling is
complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-open device.
9. If fuel is spilled on clothing, change clothing
immediately.
10. Never over-fill the fuel tank. Replace gas cap and
tighten securely.
11. Use extra care in handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are
explosive.
12. If fuel is spilled, do not attempt to start the engine
but move the machine away from the area of
spillage and avoid creating any source of ignition
until fuel vapors have dissipated.
13. Replace all fuel tank caps and fuel container caps
securely.
where there is an open flame, such as in a water
heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
5. Shut off fuel while storing or transporting. Do not
store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
6. Keep all hardware, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep all parts in good working
condition. Replace all worn or damaged decals.
7. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
proper operation regularly.
8. Disengage drives, lower implement, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect
spark plug wire. Wait for all movement to stop
before adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
9. Clean grass and debris from cutting units, drives,
mufflers, and engine to prevent fires. Clean up oil
or fuel spillage.
10. Let engine cool before storing and do not store
near flame.
11. Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
12. Park machine on level ground. Never allow
untrained personnel to service machine.
13. Use jack stands to support components when
required.
14. Carefully release pressure from components with
stored energy.
15. Disconnect battery or remove spark plug wire
before making any repairs. Disconnect the
negative terminal first and the positive last.
Reconnect positive first and negative last.
16. Use care when checking blades. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use caution when
servicing them. Only replace blades. Never
straighten or weld them.
17. Keep hands and feet away from moving parts.
If possible, do not make adjustments with the
engine running.
18. Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area,
away from spark and flames. Unplug charger
before connecting or disconnecting from battery.
Wear protective clothes and use insulated tools.
19. Grass catcher components are subject to wear,
damage, and deterioration, which could expose
moving parts or allow objects to be thrown.
Frequently check components and replace
with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when
necessary.
20. Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and
service as required.
21. Use only factory authorized replacement parts
when making repairs.
22. Always comply with factory specifications on all
settings and adjustments.
23. Only authorized service locations should be
utilized for major service and repair requirements.
24. Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper
service procedures can result in hazardous
operation, equipment damage and voiding of
manufacturer’s warranty.
25. Units with hydraulic pumps, hoses, or motors:
WARNING: Hydraulic fluid escaping under
pressure may have sufficient force to penetrate
skin and cause serious injury. If foreign fluid is
injected into the skin it must be surgically removed
within a few hours by a doctor familiar with this
form of injury or gangrene may result. Keep body
and hands away from pin holes or nozzles that
eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure. Use
paper or cardboard, and not hands, to search for
Maintenance and Storage
1. Always observe safe refueling and fuel
handling practices when refueling the unit after
transportation or storage.
2. Always follow the engine manual instructions for
storage preparations before storing the unit for
both short and long term periods.
3. Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit
to service.
4. Never store the machine or fuel container inside
8
Operator Safety
leaks. Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections
are tight and all hydraulic hoses and lines are in
good condition before applying pressure to the
system. If leaks occur, have the unit serviced
immediately by your authorized dealer.
26. WARNING: Stored energy device. Improper
release of springs can result in serious personal
injury. Springs should be removed by an
authorized technician.
27. Models equipped with an engine radiator:
WARNING: Stored energy device. To prevent
serious bodily injury from hot coolant or steam
blow-out, never attempt to remove the radiator
cap while the engine is running. Stop the engine
and wait until it is cool. Even then, use extreme
care when removing the cap.
To maintain operator roll over protection and roll bar
effectiveness:
• If a ROLL BAR becomes damaged for any reason,
such as a collision, roll over or impact, the ROLL
BAR must be replaced. Small undetectable
cracks can reduce the effectiveness of the ROLL
BAR. Never weld, straighten, or repair the ROLL
BAR.
• Never alter the ROLL BAR by welding anything to
it or by drilling additional holes.
• BEFORE FIRST TIME USE - Inspect the ROLL
BAR structure and mounting hardware for:
ROLL BAR INSTRUCTIONS
1) Check to make sure the machine GVW (Gross
Vehicle Weight), including attachments,
restrained payload, fuel and operator, is not
in excess of the maximum weight specified on
the ROLL BAR label.
For models equipped with factory-installed Roll Over
Protection System (ROPS).
2) Make sure there isn’t any missing, damaged,
or loose mounting hardware.
WARNING
3) Make sure the ROLL BAR has been correctly
and completely installed.
• EVERY 100 HOURS - Inspect the ROLL BAR
structure and mounting hardware for:
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In order to avoid serious injury or death from
roll over, it is important to follow the warnings
listed below.
1) Any cracks in the structure (structural members
and/or welds).
INSPECTION OF THE ROLL BAR PROTECTIVE
STRUCTURE
8) That the ROLL BAR label is still in place and is
readable.
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OPERATIONAL WARNINGS
• Always use the seat belt when the roll bar is in the
raised position.
• Never use the seat belt when the roll bar is in the
down position.
• Remember there is no roll over protection when
the roll bar is in the down position so it is very
important to always keep the roll bar in the raised
position whenever possible.
• Lower the roll bar to the down position only when
it is absolutely necessary.
• Check for overhead clearances before driving
under any objects. Do not allow roll bar to contact
low overhanging obstacles such as tree branches
and guide wires.
• Never remove the roll bar from the vehicle.
• Do not exceed the machine weight rating of the
roll bar.
• Read and follow all of the instructions shown
below regarding the inspection and maintenance
of the roll bar structure and the seat belt.
WARNING
Failure to properly inspect and maintain the
ROLL BAR protective structure can cause
serious injury or death.
2) Significant corrosion on any part of the ROLL
BAR structure or hardware.
3) Missing, damaged, or loose mounting
hardware
4) Mounting hardware that is of a grade lesser
than specified.
5) Machine GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight),
including attachments, restrained payload,
fuel and operator, in excess of the maximum
weight specified on the ROLL BAR label.
6) Any modifications that have been made, such
as unauthorized welds and holes.
7) Any permanent deformation or twisting of the
ROLL BAR structure.
9) That the ROLL BAR on-product warning labels
are still on the ROLL BAR and are readable.
• If there is any doubt as to the condition of the
ROLL BAR, remove the machine from service and
contact your dealer for assistance.
A ROLL BAR, like any other safety device, needs to
be periodically inspected to verify that the integrity of
the device has not been compromised through normal
machine use, misuse, age degradation, modifications,
or a roll over.
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Operator Safety
WARNING
Failure to properly inspect and maintain the
seat belt can cause serious injury or death.
INSPECT BUCKLE
& LATCH
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF
THE ROLL BAR SEAT BELT
• The seat belt like the ROLL BAR, needs to
be periodically inspected to verify that the
integrity has not been compromised through
normal machine use, misuse, age degradation,
modifications, or a roll over. If the seat belt does
not pass all of the following tests, it should be
replaced.
INSPECT WEBBING
• BEFORE EACH USE – Conduct the following
inspections/maintenance of the seat belt and
retraction mechanism:
1) Check for dirt or debris in the retraction
mechanism. If dirt or debris is found, it should
be removed.
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2) Check to make sure the retraction mechanism
retracts easily and completely.
3) Check for damage to any part of the seat belt
such as nicks, cuts, loose stitching, or fraying.
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4) Check that the buckle and latch operate
properly and that the latch plate is not
excessively worn, deformed, or the buckle is
damaged or cracked. The seat belt should
latch and release easily.
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Operator Safety
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
Tractor
Identification Tag
SA
M
PL
E
North American
Models
Mower Deck
Identification Tag
When contacting your authorized dealer for
replacement parts, service, or information you
MUST have these numbers.
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Record your model/serial number and engine serial
numbers on the space provided for easy access.
These numbers can be found in the locations shown.
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NOTE: For location of engine identification numbers,
refer to the engine owner’s manual.
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Operator Safety
SAFETY DECALS
This unit has been designed and manufactured to
provide you with the safety and reliability you would
expect from an industry leader in outdoor power
equipment manufacturing.
Although reading this manual and the safety
instructions it contains will provide you with the
necessary basic knowledge to operate this equipment
safely and effectively, we have placed several safety
labels on the unit to remind you of this important
information while you are operating your unit.
6
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and
instructional messages on your rider and mower
should be carefully read and obeyed. Personal bodily
injury can result when these instructions are not
followed. The information is for your safety and it is
important! The safety decals below are on your rider
and mower.
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace
them at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a
constant visual reminder to you, and others who may
use the equipment, to follow the safety instructions
necessary for safe, effective operation.
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Operator Safety
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Operator Safety
SAFETY ICONS
NORTH AMERICAN SAFETY ICONS
The alert symbol
is used to identify safety
information about hazards that can result in personnal
injury. A signal word (DECAL, WARNING, or
CAUTION) is used with the alert symbol to indicate
the likelihood and the potential severity of the injury.
In addition, a hazard icon maybe used to represent
the type of hazard. An explanation of hazard levels
and icons are as follows:
DANGER
Alert
Toxic Fumes
Read the
Manual
Open Flame
Hazard
Fire Hazard
Amputation Rotating Parts
Amputation Hand In Blade
Amputation Foot In Blade
Thrown Objects
Hot Surface
Wear Protective
Gear
Pinch Point
Rollover Hazard
Overhead
Obstacles
Tipover
Dropoffs
Slippery Slopes
Keep Children
Away
This indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, will
result in serious injury or death.
WARNING
This indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could
result in serial injury or death.
CAUTION
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This indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, might
result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION or NOTICE
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These messages presented without the alert symbol
indicate a situation where the unit or property could
be damaged.
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Operator Safety
SAFETY INTERLOCK
SYSTEM
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches.
These safety systems are present for your safety,
do not attempt to bypass safety switches, and never
tamper with safety devices. Check their operation
regularly.
Operational SAFETY Checks
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
• PTO switch is engaged, OR
• Parking brake is not engaged, OR
• Motion control handles are not in the NEUTRAL
position, OR
• Operator is not on the seat.
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Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
• PTO switch is NOT engaged, AND
• Parking brake is engaged, AND
• Motion control handles are locked in the
NEUTRAL position, AND
• Operator is on the seat.
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
• Operator rises off seat with parking brake
disengaged.
• Operator moves motion control handles inward
before disengaging parking brake.
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
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Mower blades and mower drive belt should come
to a complete stop within seven (7) seconds after
electric PTO switch is turned off (or operator rises off
seat). If mower drive belt does not stop within seven
(7) seconds, see your dealer.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, PTO switch
must be turned off, parking brake must be engaged,
and the motion control handles must be locked in the
NEUTRAL position after the operator returns to the
seat in order to start the engine.
WARNING
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under
no circumstance should you attempt to defeat
the purpose of the safety interlock system.
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Features & Controls
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FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Figure 1. CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of the individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and
mowing require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination
and sequence of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
Ground Speed Levers
These levers control the ground speed of the rider.
The left lever controls the left rear drive wheel and
the right controls the right rear drive wheel.
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Moving a lever forward increases the FORWARD
speed of the associated wheel, and pulling back on a
lever increases the REVERSE speed.
Note: The further a lever is moved away from the
neutral position the faster the drive wheel will turn.
See the Operating the Zero Turn Rider section for
steering instructions.
Seat Adjustment Lever
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move
the lever forward, position the seat as desired, and
release the lever to lock the seat in position.
Deck Lift Pedal
The deck lift pedal can be depressed during operation
to briefly raise the mower deck while mowing around
obstacles.
Parking Brake
DISENGAGE
Releases the parking
brake.
ENGAGE
Locks the parking brake.
Pull the parking brake lever back to engage the
parking brake. Move the lever fully forward to
disengage the parking brake. NOTE: To start the unit
the parking brake must be engaged.
Fuel Tank Cap
To remove the cap, turn counterclockwise.
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Features & Controls
Glow Plug Indicator
Fuel Level Gauge
Displays the fuel level in the tank.
Lamp that indicates that the glow plugs are heating.
Hold the ignition key in the “HEAT” position until
indicator lamp turns off, then turn the key to start.
Power Outlet
Unit is equipped with a +12VDC, 20A power outlet.
Voltage Gauge
Gauge measures the output voltage of the engine
charging system.
Oil Pressure Indicator
Lamp that indicates a low oil pressure condition. If
the indicator lamp is ON, it will turn the PTO OFF.
Water Temperature Gauge & Indicator
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Gauge measures the engine coolant temperature.
Lamp that indicates a high coolant temperature. If
the indicator lamp is ON, it will turn the PTO OFF.
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
four positions:
PTO (Power Take Off) Switch
The PTO switch engages and disengages the mower.
Pull UP on the switch to engage the mower, and push
DOWN to disengage the mower.
Throttle Control
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Moving the throttle control fully forward is FULL
throttle position. Always operate the unit at FULL
throttle when mowing.
Hour Meter
The hour meter measures the number of hours the
PTO has been engaged. The hour meter has a self
contained power source so the total hours are always
visible.
HEAT
Heats the glow plugs.
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts
off the electrical system.
RUN
Allows the engine to run and
powers the electrical system.
START
Cranks the engine for
starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the ON
position with the engine stopped–this drains the
battery.
Hydraulic Mower Lift Switch,
Cutting Height Adjustment Pin & Deck
Lift Lock Lever
Press the mower lift switch to the right (away from the
operator’s seat) to raise the mower deck it locks into
the 6” (15,2 cm) position. Place the adjustment pin
in the desired cutting height and release the lift lock
lever.
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Operation
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
OPERATION
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
Before first time operation:
• Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate
this tractor and mower.
• Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on
dipstick. See the engine Operators Manual for
instructions and oil recommendations.
• Check the radiator fluid level. See engine
operator’s manual for instructions.
• Check the hydraulic oil level. Refer to
REGULAR MAINTENANCE section.
• Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
• Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
• Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to the unit.
• Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from the operators position.
• Fill the fuel tanks with fresh fuel. Refer to engine
manual for fuel recommendations.
WARNING
Do not use this machine on slopes greater than
15 degrees.
Mow across the face of slopes, not up and
down,use caution when changing directions
and DO NOT START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
WARNING
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Select slow ground speed before driving onto
a slope. Use extra caution when operating on
slopes with a rear-mounted grass catcher.
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Do not load this zero-turn rider on a trailer or
truck using two separate ramps. Only use
a single ramp that is at least one foot wider
than the width of the rear wheels of this rider.
This rider has a zero turning radius and the
rear wheels could fall off the ramps, or the
rider could tip over injuring the operator or
bystanders.
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage
the PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor
and mower free of grass, leaves and excess
grease. Do not stop or park tractor over dry
leaves, grass or combustible materials.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the
area. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
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Operation
PRIMING THE FUEL SYSTEM
B
Priming the fuel system fills the fuel filters and
removes any air bubbles from the fuel system. This
must be performed before the first use, after any fuel
filter maintenance or if the fuel system is run dry.
A
WARNING
Fuel leaked or spilled onto hot surfaces or
electrical components can cause a fire. To
help prevent possible injury, turn the ignition
switch off when changing fuel filter or water
separator element. Clean up fuel spills
immediately.
C
To prime the fuel system:
On the water separator:
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1. Using a 1/2” wrench, loosen the vent screw
(A, Figure 2) on the water separator 2-3
revolutions.
2. Unscrew the priming hand pump (B) located on
top of the water separator. Operate the hand
pump up and down until fuel that is free of air
flows from the vent.
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3. Tighten the vent screw to 4.5 ft/lbs (6 N.m.).
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN!
On the engine fuel filter:
1. Using the appropriate size wrench, loosen the
vent screw (C) on the engine fuel filter 2-3
revolutions.
2. Operate the hand pump up and down until fuel
that is free of air flows from the vent.
Figure 2. Fuel System Priming
A. Water Separator Vent Screw
B. Priming Hand Pump
C. Engine Fuel Filter Vent Screw
D. Injector Pump Vent Screw
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3. Tighten the vent screw to 4.5 ft/lbs (6 N.m.).
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN!
On the engine injector pump:
1. Using a 13mm wrench, loosen the vent screw (D)
on the fuel inlet 2-3 revolutions.
2. Operate the hand pump up and down until fuel
that is free of air flows from the vent.
3. Tighten the vent screw to 4.5 ft/lbs (6 N.m.).
DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN!
4. Tighten the priming fuel pump finger tight.
5. Start the engine. (See STARTING THE ENGINE).
If the engine will not start, further priming is
necessary. If the engine starts but misfires
or continues to emit smoke, further priming is
necessary.
6. If the engine starts but runs rough, continue to
run the engine at low idle until the engine runs
smoothly.
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Operation
WARNING
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without
first becoming familiar with the location and
function of ALL controls.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. While sitting in the operators seat, engage the
parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is
disengaged and the ground speed control levers
are locked in the neutral position.
2. Set the throttle to middle position (set throttle to
FULL when starting in cold weather)
3. Turn the key to the HEAT position. Hold the key
to turn the glow plug indicator light on and activate
the glow plugs.
1. Returning the ground speed control levers to the
middle position will stop tractor movement. Pivot
the levers outward and lock them in neutral.
2. Disengage the PTO.
3. Engage the parking brake.
4. Move the throttle control to SLOW and allow the
engine to cool down for a short time.
5.Turn the ignition key to OFF. Remove the key.
DRIVING THE TRACTOR
1. Sit in the seat and adjust the seat so that you can
comfortably reach all of the controls and see the
instrument and gauge panels.
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and
the ground speed control levers are locked in the
neutral position.
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4. Wait until the glow plug indicator light turns off,
then turn the key to START. If the engine does
not start immediately, move the throttle control to
FULL.
STOPPING THE TRACTOR &
ENGINE
NOTE: Do not crank the engine continuously for
more than 30 seconds. Allow the starter motor to
cool for two minutes before cranking the engine
again.
5. After the engine starts, move the engine throttle
control to SLOW. Warm up the engine by running
it for at least a minute.
6. Move the throttle to FULL before engaging the
PTO switch or driving the machine.
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In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch
to STOP. Use this method only in emergency
situations. For normal engine shut down follow the
procedure given in STOPPING THE TRACTOR.
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4. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
5. Disengage the parking brake and pivot the ground
speed control levers inward.
6. Move the levers evenly forward to travel forward.
Return them to the neutral position to stop. Note
that the further the levers are moved forward the
faster the tractor will travel.
7. Stop the tractor by returning the control levers to
the neutral position, pivoting the levers outward
to lock into the neutral position, engaging the
parking brake, and stopping the engine (see
STOPPING THE TRACTOR AND ENGINE).
NOTE: See the ZERO-TURN DRIVING PRACTICE
section on pages 16 & 17 for detailed instructions on
driving the tractor.
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Operation
PUSHING THE RIDER BY HAND
DO NOT TOW RIDER
Towing the unit will cause hydraulic pump
and wheel motor damage. Do not use
another vehicle to push or pull this unit.
1. Refer to Figure 3 for hydraulic release valve
location.
2. To open the dump valves, turn the right-hand
release valve, which is located on top of the righthand pump, counter-clockwise 2 full turns MAX.
Then turn the left-hand release valve, which is
located on the bottom of the left-hand pump,
counter-clockwise 2 full turns MAX.
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Figure 3. Hydraulic Release Valve Location
A. Hydraulic Release Valve (Right-hand side
shown)
3. Disengage the parking brake. The tractor can
now be pushed by hand.
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4. After moving the tractor, engage the parking
brake. Re-engage the pumps (drive position) by
turning the release valves clockwise and tighten to
80-120 in/lbs (9-13.5 N.m.)
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Operation
Smooth Travel
ZERO TURN
DRIVING PRACTICE
The lever controls of the Zero Turn rider are
responsive, and learning to gain a smooth and
efficient control of the rider’s forward, reverse, and
turning movements will take some practice.
Spending some time going through the maneuvers
shown and becoming familiar with how the unit
accelerates, travels, and steers — before you begin
mowing —is absolutely essential to getting the most
out of the Zero Turn rider.
Locate a smooth, flat area of your lawn — one
with plenty of room to maneuver. (Clear the area
of objects, people and animals before you begin.)
Operate the unit at mid-throttle during this practice
session (ALWAYS operate at full throttle when
mowing), and turn slowly to prevent tire slippage and
damage to your lawn.
You must release the parking brake prior to moving
the control levers inward.
BASIC DRIVING
Forward Travel Practice
The BEST method of
handling the ground
speed control levers
is in three steps — as
shown in Figure 4.
FIRST place your
hands onto the levers
as shown.
SECOND, to go
forward gradually
push the levers
forward with your
palms.
THIRD, to speed
up move the levers
farther forward. To
slow down smoothly,
slowly move the
levers toward neutral. Figure 4. Move Control
Levers Gradually
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We suggest you begin with the Smooth Travel
procedure to the right, and then advance through the
forward, reverse, and turning maneuvers.
The lever controls
of the Zero Turn
rider are
RESPONSIVE .
Reverse Travel Practice
LOOK DOWN & BEHIND, then gradually move both
ground speed control levers evenly BACK from
neutral. Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Straight forward travel takes practice. If
necessary, top speed can be balance-adjusted — see
the Speed Balancing Adjustment in the Adjustments
section.
NOTE: Practice backing up for several minutes before
attempting to do so near objects. The rider turns
sharply in reverse as well as forward, and backing up
straight takes practice.
Forward
Travel
Figure 5. Forward Travel
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Gradually move both ground speed control levers
— evenly FORWARD from neutral. Slow down and
repeat.
Reverse
Travel
Figure 6. Reverse Travel
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Operation
Practice Turning Around a Corner
Practice Turning In Place
While traveling forward allow one handle to gradually
return back toward neutral. Repeat several times.
To turn in place, “Zero Turn,” gradually move one
ground speed control lever forward from neutral and
one lever back from neutral simultaneously. Repeat
several times.
NOTE: To prevent pivoting directly on the tire tread,
it is best to keep both wheels going at least slightly
forward.
NOTE: Changing the amount each lever is pulled—
forward or back, changes the “pivot point” you turn on.
Turning
In-Place
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Executing
Turns
Figure 7. Turning Around a Corner
Figure 8. Turning in Place
ADVANCED DRIVING
Executing an End-Of-Row Zero
Turn
Your Zero Turn Rider’s unique ability to turn
in place allows you to turn around at the end
of a cutting row rather than having to stop
and Y-turn before starting a new row.
For example, to execute a right end-of-row
Zero Turn:
1. Slow down at the end of the row.
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2. Move the LEFT ground speed control
lever forward slightly while moving the
RIGHT ground speed control lever back
to center and then slightly back from
center.
3. Begin mowing forward again.
This technique turns the rider RIGHT and
slightly overlaps the row just cut —eliminating
the need to back up and re-cut missed grass.
As you become more familiar and
experienced with operating the Zero Turn
rider, you will learn more maneuvers that will
make your mowing time easier and more
enjoyable.
Remember, the more you practice, the
better your control of the Zero Turn will
be!
Figure 9. Executing an End-Of-Row Turn
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Operation
MOWING
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged, the motion control levers
are locked in the NEUTRAL position and the
operator is on the seat.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the mower cutting height.
4. Set the throttle to FULL.
5. Engage the PTO by pulling up on the PTO switch.
6. Begin mowing. See Section LC for tips on
mowing patterns, lawn care, and trouble shooting
information.
7. When finished, shut off the PTO.
8. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
MOWING RECOMMENDATIONS
Height of Grass
Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at
maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the
desired height and mow a second or third time.
Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings. Consider using a grass collection system
and starting a compost pile.
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Several factors can affect how well your machine cuts
grass, Following proper mowing recommendations
can improve the performance and life of your
machine.
Proper Cutting Height
Often cutting height is a matter of personal
preference. Typically, you should mow the grass
when it is is between three and five inches high.
The proper cutting height range for a specific lawn
will depend upon several factors, including the
type of grass, the amount of rainfall, the prevailing
temperature, and the lawn’s overall condition.
Cut Here On
First Pass
Cut
Here On
Second
Pass
Cutting the grass too short causes weak, thin grass
plants, which are easily damaged by dry periods and
pests. Cutting too short is often more damaging than
allowing the grass to be slightly higher.
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Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it
is hot and dry—reduces heat build-up, preserves
needed moisture and protects the grass from heat
damage and other problems. However, allowing grass
to grow too high can cause thin turf and additional
problems.
Incremental Cutting
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s
growth system and weakens the grass plants. A
good rule of thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more
than one third of the grass height, and never
more than 1 inch at a time.
The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass
is also effected by the type of mowing system you are
using (for example, broadcasting with side discharge
decks can process a much larger volume of grass
than mulching does).
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Operation
When and How Often to Mow
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly
affect the results you’ll get when mowing. For the best
results, follow these guidelines:
1. Mow when the grass is between three and five
inches high.
2. Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass
one inch or shorter decompose more quickly than
longer blades. Sharp mower blades cut grass
cleanly and efficiently, preventing frayed edges
which harm the grass.
3. Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and
dry. Late afternoon or early evening often provide
these ideal mowing conditions.
Where possible, make one or two passes around the
outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the
lawn to keep the cut grass off fences and walks.
4. Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and
never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass
does not mulch well, and clumps beneath the
mower deck).
Mowing Patterns
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Always start mowing on a smooth, level area.
The size and type of area to be mowed will determine
the best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as
trees, fences and buildings, and conditions such as
slopes and grades must also be considered.
The remainder of the mowing should be done in the
opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed
OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut.
1. Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
2. Where possible, change patterns occasionally
to eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated
appearance.
3. For a truly professional cut, mow across the lawn
in one direction, then recut the lawn by mowing
perpendicular to the previous cut.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle
when mowing.
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If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing
too fast—using a slower ground speed will improve
the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many
common cutting problems. Use an appropriate ground
speed for the thickness and height of the grass
you are cutting (3rd gear or slower for manual gear
models). If you hear the engine slowing down you are
mowing too fast, use a slower ground speed.
MOWING METHODS
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR
BROADCASTING
Always operate the engine at full throttle when
mowing. If you hear the engine slowing down, you
are mowing too fast—using a slower ground speed
will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and
prevents many common cutting problems.
ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the
thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd
gear or slower for manual gear models). If you hear
the engine slowing down you are mowing too fast,
use a slower ground speed.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN
BROADCASTING
Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. Do not cut
the grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Do not cut
off more that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
Proper Broadcast Mowing
Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine
clippings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf
courses use this method. Your mower has a deep
dish deck to allow freer circulation of clippings so they
are broadcast evenly over the lawn.
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Operation
Proper Mulching
ATTACHING A TRAILER
Mulching consists of a mower deck which cuts and
recuts clippings into tiny particles and which then
blows them down INTO the lawn. These tiny particles
decompose rapidly into by-products your lawn can
use. UNDER PROPER CONDITIONS, your mulching
mower will virtually eliminate noticeable clippings on
the lawn surface.
The maximum weight of a towed trailer should be
less than 300 lbs (138kg). Secure the trailer with a
appropriately sized clevis pin (A, Figure 10) and clip
(B).
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting
conditions, a rumbling sound may be present and is
normal.
MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING
CONDITIONS
Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass
is wet, or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Even
more than normal mowing, mulching requires that the
grass be dry and the the appropriate amount is cut.
A
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Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during
the first two or three mowings in the spring. The
long grass blades, quick growth, and often wetter
conditions are more suitable for broadcasting (sidedischarging) or grass bagging operation.
Excessive towed loads can cause loss of traction
and loss of control on slopes. Reduce towed weight
when operating on slopes. The surface being driven
on greatly impacts traction and stability. Wet or
slippery surfaces can greatly reduce traction and the
ability to stop or turn. Carefully evaluate the surface
conditions before operating the unit and trailer, and
never operate on slopes greater than 10°. See
SLOPE OPERATION and TOWED EQUIPMENT in
the safety section of this manual for additional safety
information.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR
BROADCASTING
B
Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground
speed while mulching should be HALF of the
speed that would be used when broadcasting (side
discharging) under similar conditions. Since mulching
requires more horsepower than broadcasting, using
a slower ground speed is vitally important for proper
mulching operation.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH
Figure 10. Trailer Weight Recommendations
A. Clevis Pin
B. Clip
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The best mulching action typically results from cutting
only the top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass blade. This
provides short clippings which decompose properly
(much more quickly than longer clippings). The ideal
cutting height will vary with climate, time of year,
and quality of your lawn. We recommend that you
experiment with both the cutting height and ground
speed until you achieve the best cut. Start with a high
cutting height and using progressively lower settings
until you find a cutting height that is matched to your
mowing conditions and preferences.
26
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Operation
RAISE & LOWER THE ROLL BAR
To lower the roll bar:
C
1. Pull the hair pin clips (A, Figure 11) out of the
retainer pins (B).
2. Push or pull the top of the roll bar (C) forward
against the rubber stops (D) and remove the
retainer pins (B).
3. Lower the roll bar and reinstall the retainer pins
and hair pin clips to secure the roll bar in the
down position (see insert, Figure 11).
D
C
To raise the roll bar:
WARNING
A
B
D
Figure 11. Raise & Lower the Roll Bar
A. Hair Pin Clip
B. Retainer Pin
C. Roll Bar
D. Rubber Stop
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1. Pull the hair pin clips (A) out of the retainer pins
(B) and remove the retainer pins.
2. Raise the roll bar (C) until the rubber stops (D)
contact the upright tubes.
3. Push or pull the top of the roll bar forward against
the rubber stops and reinstall the retainer pins and
hair pin clips to secure the roll bar in the raised
position.
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AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM
ROLL OVER:
Keep roll bar in the raised position and use
seat belt.
THERE IS NO ROLL OVER PROTECTION WHEN
THE ROLL BAR IS DOWN
Lower the roll bar only when necessary and
NEVER remove it.
Do NOT use seat belt when the roll bar is down.
Raise the roll bar as soon as clearance permits.
Do NOT jump off if mower tips.
27
Operation
STORAGE
WARNING
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some fuel, so
never store the unit indoors or in any other area where
fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel vapor
is also toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in any
structure used for human or animal habitation.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the unit in an area away from where children
may come into contact with it. If there’s any chance
of unauthorized use remove the ignition key.
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonable level
surface, chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
• If temperature is expected to drop below 35 degrees,
refer to Long Term Storage, Item 2.
Handle diesel fuel carefully. It is highly
flammable and careless use could result in
serious fire damage to your person or property.
Drain fuel outdoors into an approved container
and away from open flame or sparks.
NOTE: Diesel fuel, if permitted to stand unused for
extended periods (30 days or more), may develop
gummy deposits which can adversely affect the fuel
pump and injector tubes and cause engine malfunction.
To avoid this condition, add a diesel fuel stabilizer to the
fuel tank and run the engine a few minutes, or drain all
fuel from the unit before placing it in storage.
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Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety
Rules section, then perform the following steps:
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with
a grade of oil that will be required when unit is used
again.
2. Use an Antifreeze tester to check the cooling
system’s level of protection. Read the instructions on
the Antifreeze container for the appropriate ratio of
water to Antifreeze for your geographical area.
3. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
Never store the unit, with diesel fuel in engine
or fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Diesel fumes
may reach an open flame, spark or pilot light
(such as a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer,
etc.) and cause an explosion.
a. Remove mower deck from the unit.
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
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c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light
coat of oil to prevent rusting.
4. Clean external surfaces and engine.
5. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
6. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head, engine
housing and air cleaner element.
7. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with
plastic or other waterproof material to keep out
moisture, dirt and insects.
8. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the
Regular Maintenance section.
9. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to
any areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
10. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level
with water and is fully charged. Battery life will be
increased if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place and
fully charged about once a month. If battery is left in
unit, disconnect the negative cable.
11. Drain fuel system completely or add a diesel fuel
stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to
use a fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel
system, follow all safety instructions and storage
precautions in this manual to prevent the possibility
of fire from the ignition of diesel fumes. Remember,
diesel fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition
and ignite, causing risk of explosion and fire.
28
STARTING AFTER LONG TERM
STORAGE
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
1. Remove any blocks from under the unit.
2. Install the battery if it was removed.
3. Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
4. Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel. See engine manual
for recommendations.
5. See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions
for preparing engine after storage.
6. Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if
necessary. If any condensation has developed
during storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
7. Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
8. Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run
at high speed immediately after starting. Be sure
to run engine only outdoors or in well ventilated
area.
DIESEL FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS
Fuel companies provide fuel tailored to meet the existing
weather conditions. These fuels change at the start of
the predominant season according to regional weather
trends.
Winter fuels are tailored to give ease of starting for cold
weather. Summer fuel may be somewhat heavier than
winter fuel resulting in slightly better fuel economy and
power. Spring and fall fuel is an average blend between
winter and summer blend.
For these reasons an effort should be made to purchase
fuels in such quantities that they are not carried over
into the next season. Using the wrong blend of fuel can
cause problems with the engine.
Refer to the engine manufacturer’s manual for specific
fuel recommendations.
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Regular Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your rider and mower. You will need to keep a
record of your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by observing the hour meter.
RIDER MAINTENANCE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
Before Each Use
Before Each Use
Check Safety Interlock System
Check Engine Oil Level
Check Rider Brakes
Check Engine Coolant Level
Check Rider / Mower for loose hardware
Check & Clean Radiator Screens
Every 100 Hours or Annually*
Every 25 Hours
Check Gearbox Oil Level***
Check / Clean Cooling Fins & Intake**
Clean Deck & Check / Replace Mower Blades
Check Fuel Filter / Drain Water Seperator
Refer to Engine Manufacturer’s Owner’s Manual
Lubricate Rider & Mower**
Service Air Filter
Check Tire Pressure
Change Oil & Filter*
Check Hydraulic Oil**
Check / Replace Spark Plugs
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Clean Battery & Cables
Every 250 Hours or Annually*
Change Hydraulic Oil Filter**
* Whichever comes first.
** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30°C) weather or
dusty operating conditions
*** Change gearbox oil after first 100 hours and every
500 hours thereafter (See Gearbox Maintenance).
Annually
Change Engine Coolant
* Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of
operation.
** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30°C) weather or
dusty operating conditions
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
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Tire Pressure should be checked periodically, and
maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note
that these pressures may differ slightly from the “Max
Inflation” stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The
pressures shown provide proper traction, improve cut
quality, and extend tire life.
Tire
Pressure
Front
25 psi (1,72 bar)
Rear
18 psi (1,24 bar)
Figure 12. Checking Tire Pressure
29
Regular Maintenance
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
To add fuel:
1. Remove the fuel cap (A, Figure 13).
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the fill tube. This
will leave room in the tank for fuel expansion.
Refer to your engine manual for specific fuel
recommendations.
A
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
4. Repeat same process for opposite tank.
NOTE: The fuel tanks are tied together through a
“tee” in the supply lines. By filling only one tank, the
level will balance between the two tanks, effectively
having 1/2 tank of fuel for each side.
Figure 13. Fill Fuel Tank
A. Fuel Cap
FUEL FILTER
To drain the fuel filter:
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This unit is equipped with two fuel filters. One is a
water separator/filter mounted to the frame, under
the seat and the other is located on the engine. The
water separator should be drained every 25 hours
or whenever water is visible in the bowl. Replace
both fuel filters every 500 hours of operation or as
required.
1. Turn the engine off, set the parking brake, remove
the ignition key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop.
2. Allow the engine and surrounding areas to cool to
room temperature.
3. Place a container under the fuel filter tube and
turn the drain valve (B, Figure 14) approximately 1
turn.
4. Allow the filter to drain until all water and debris
have drained out.
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5. Turn the drain valve to close it when finished
draining..
A
B
Figure 14. Drain Fuel Filter
A. Fuel Filter Bowl
B. Drain Valve
Do not use Kerosene in place of diesel
fuel. Kerosene will damage the engine.
Consult the engine manufacturer’s manual
for specific fuel recommendations.
WARNING
WARNING
Diesel fuel is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do
not allow open flame, smoking or matches in
the area. Avoid over-filling and wipe up any
spills.
Do not drain or replace fuel filter when engine
is hot, as spilled fuel may ignite. Make sure the
filter drain valve is fully closed before returning
the unit to service.
30
Fuel leaked or spilled onto hot surfaces or
electrical components can cause a fire. To
help prevent possible injury, turn the ignition
switch off when changing fuel filters or water
separator elements. Clean up fuel spills
immediately.
The water separator is under suction
during normal engine operation. Ensure
the drain valve is tightened securely to
help prevent air from entering the fuel
system.
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Regular Maintenance
CHECK / ADD ENGINE OIL
A
Refer to Figure 15 for dipstick and oil fill locations.
Refer to the engine owners manual for specific
engine oil check and fill procedures. Also refer to the
engine owners manual for specific engine oil and filter
change procedures.
CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER
Refer to the engine owners manual for specific air
filter service procedures.
B
CHECK HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL
NOTE: Do not open the hydraulic oil reservoir unless
oil is being added.
1. Visually check that the hydraulic oil level is filled to
the recess area (A, Figure 16) of the hydraulic oil
reservoir.
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2. If necessary, remove the reservoir cap (B)
and add either Mobil 1™, 15W-50 synthetic oil
or Castrol Syntec™ 5W-50 oil. DO NOT use
conventional oils. Make sure area around the filler
neck is free of dust, dirt, or other debris.
Figure 15. Change Oil & Filter
A. Oil Fill Cap
B. Crankcase Dip Stick
A
HYDRAULIC OIL FILTER CHANGE
Change Interval: Every 250 Hours
Filter Part Number: 5021357
B
NOTE: Removing the oil filter from the filter base
will drain the oil reservoir. Have a suitable container
ready to catch any spilled oil. Ferris recommends this
be a dealer-only service item.
1. Locate the hydraulic oil filter (A, Figure 17) behind
the battery.
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2. Fill the new filter with oil. Lubricate the new filter
seal with a few drops of oil.
Figure 16. Hydraulic Oil Reservoir
A. Tank Recess (“FULL” level)
B. Cap
3. Remove the oil filter and quickly thread the new
filter onto the filter base until the gasket makes
contact, then tighten 3/4 of a turn more.
A
4. Refill reservoir with fresh oil to replace any oil lost
during filter change.
5. Raise the rear of the unit and secure with
jackstands. Chock the front wheels to prevent the
unit from rolling. Run the unit for several minutes
to purge any air from the hydraulic system and
check the hydraulic oil level.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Use caution after changing
the filter; air in the hydraulic system may affect the
responsiveness of the control levers. Repeat step 5
until the air is out of the system.
B
Figure 17. Hydraulic Oil Filter Location
A. Oil Filter
B. Battery
31
Regular Maintenance
CHECK ENGINE COOLANT LEVEL
WARNING
C
If engine is warm, DO NOT remove radiator
cap.
Escaping steam can cause burns.
Never remove the radiator cap or radiator
reservoir cap while the engine is hot or
running. Severe thermal burns or injury
can occur by escaping steam or hot
coolant.
• Do NOT touch hot radiator or open reservoir
when engine is running.
• Stop and allow engine to cool before removing
the radiator cap or the reservoir cap and before
changing or adding coolant.
The engine coolant level and quality should be
checked before each use, when the engine is cool
and off.
B
Figure 18. Radiator & Oil Cooler
A. Radiator Pressure Cap
B. Radiator Screen
C. Hydraulic Oil Cooler
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1. Remove the radiator pressure cap (A, Figure 18)
to check the fluid level.
A
2. Coolant level should be 1/2” (13mm) below the
bottom of the filler tube. If coolant level is low,
add coolant until level is 1/2” (13mm) below the
bottom of the filler tube. Proper coolant mix is
a 50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol and distilled
water. See engine owners manual for engine
coolant specifications.
3. Check the coolant level in the radiator expansion
tank (Figure 19). If coolant level is low, remove
the cap add coolant until level is at the “FULL”
line. Proper coolant mix is a 50/50 mixture of
ethylene glycol and distilled water. See engine
owners manual for engine coolant specifications.
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CHANGE ENGINE COOLANT
Figure 19. Radiator Expansion Tank
See engine owners manual for specific engine
coolant procedures. The drain valve is located at the
base of the right-hand side of the radiator.
CLEAN RADIATOR, SCREEN & OIL
COOLER
Clean the radiator, screen and oil cooler fins before
each use, or as required (depending on conditions) to
allow proper air-flow through radiator and hydraulic oil
cooler.
1. Raise the seat plate.
2. Lift the radiator screen straight up to remove the
screen. Flush the screen with water or blow clean
with air. Flush the radiator core with water or blow
clean with air. See engine owners manual for
proper radiator cleaning procedures.
32
3. Clean all dirt, grass, and debris from the oil cooler
fins.
4. Reinstall the radiator screen. Make sure the
screen is fully seated in the carrier.
5. Lower the seat plate.
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Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION
Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in Figure 20
through 24.
Grease:
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble
parts to apply grease to moving parts when
grease fittings are not installed.
Not all greases are compatible. Red Grease (P/N
5022285) is recommended, automotive-type hightemperature, lithium grease may be used when this
is not available.
Figure 22. Control Handle Pivots & Seat Pivots
Oil:
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Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled
where contact is made with other parts. Keep oil
and grease off belts and pulleys. Remember to
wipe fittings and surfaces clean both before and
after lubrication.
Figure 23. Gearbox Drive Idler Pivot
Lubricating the Front Casters
Maintenance Interval: Annually
1. Remove the 1/4-28 bolt (A, Figure 24) screwed
into the caster and install a 1/4-28 grease fitting.
2. Grease the front caster.
3. Remove the 1/4-28 grease fitting and reinstall the
1/4-28 bolt.
4. Repeat the process for the other side side of the
machine.
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Figure 20. Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
A
Figure 24. Front Caster & Wheel
A. 1/4-28 Bolt
Figure 21. Deck Lubrication
33
Regular Maintenance
CLEANING THE BATTERY AND
CABLES
A
B
(Note: The tractor equipped with a maintenance-free
BCI58 battery)
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (B, Figure 25).
2. Remove the battery and clean the compartment
with a solution of baking soda and water.
3. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush until shiny.
4. Reinstall the battery and reattach the battery
cables, positive cable first (A).
5. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with
petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
Figure 25. Battery Compartment
A. Positive (+) Cable & Terminal
B. Negative (-) Cable & Terminal
WARNING
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Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks
away from the battery.
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When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and
reconnect it LAST. If not done in this order, the
positive terminal can be shorted to the frame
by a tool.
34
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Regular Maintenance
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
1. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and
dents. If not, sharpen blades as described in
following steps.
2. To remove blade for sharpening, use a 1” wrench
on the flats of the spindle shaft while removing the
blade mounting bolt with a 15/16” wrench (Figure
26).
3. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove
all nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is
severely damaged, it should be replaced.
4. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 27. Center
the blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of
oil. A balanced blade will remain level.
5. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up
toward deck as shown in Figure 28. Secure with
a bolt and flat washer and torque bolts to 70 ft.lbs.
(94 N.m.).
Figure 26. Removing the Blade
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WARNING
A
Figure 27. Balancing The Blade
A. Nail
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Mower blades are sharp. For your personal
safety, do not handle mower blades with
bare hands. Careless or improper handling
of blades may result in serious injury.For
your personal safety, blade mounting bolts
must each be installed with a flat washer then
securely tightened. Torque blade mounting
bolts to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.)
Figure 28. Installing The Blade
A. Blade Bolt
B. Flat Washer
35
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will
extend the life of your equipment, prolonged or
constant use may eventually require that service be
performed to allow it to continue operating properly.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance
on the tractor or mower only when the engine
is stopped and the parking brake engaged.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most
common problems, their causes and remedies.
Always remove the ignition key to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
See the information on the following pages for
instructions on how to perform most of these minor
adjustments and service repairs yourself. If you
prefer, all of these procedures can be performed for
you by your local authorized dealer.
Troubleshooting the Rider
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine will not turnover or start
Parking brake not engaged.
Engage parking brake.
PTO (electric clutch) switch in ON
position.
Place in OFF position.
Out of fuel.
If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tanks. Prime the fuel system.
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PROBLEM
Lock handles in neutral position.
Operator not in seat.
Assume operator’s position in seat.
Glow plugs not pre-heated.
Pre-heat glow plugs.
Fuse blown.
Replace fuse.
Battery terminals require cleaning.
Clean the battery terminals.
Battery discharged or dead.
Recharge or replace.
Wiring loose or broken.
Visually check wiring & replace broken or
frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
Repair or replace. See authorized service
dealer.
Safety interlock switch faulty.
Replace as needed. See authorized
service dealer.
Water in fuel.
Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
R
Ground speed control levers not locked
in neutral position.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
Engine knocks.
Excessive oil consumption.
Engine exhaust is black
36
Fuel is old or stale.
Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
Fuel mixture too rich.
Clean air filter.
Air in fuel system.
Prime the fuel system.
Low oil level.
Check/add oil as required.
Using wrong grade oil.
See engine manual.
Engine running too hot.
Clean radiator screens and air filter.
Using wrong weight oil.
See engine manual.
Too much oil in crankcase.
Drain excess oil.
Dirty air filter.
Repair air filter. See engine manual.
Air in fuel system.
Prime the fuel system.
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
Troubleshooting the Rider Continued
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine runs, but rider will not drive.
Hydraulic dump valve(s) in “open”
position.
Turn dump valve(s) clockwise to close.
Torque to 80-120 in.lbs. (9-13.5 Nm)
Belt is broken.
See Belt Removal and Replacement.
Drive belt slips.
See problem and cause below.
Brake is not fully released.
See authorized service dealer.
Hydraulic pump drive belt slips.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Clean as required.
Belt stretched or worn.
Replace belt.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
See Parking Brake Adjustment.
Brake caliper pads worn.
Replace with new brake pads.
Steering linkage is loose.
Check and tighten any loose
connections.
Improper tire inflation.
See Checking Tire Pressures.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Mower will not raise.
Lift linkage not properly attached or
damaged.
See authorized service dealer.
Leak in the hydraulic system.
See authorized service dealer.
Engine speed too slow.
Set to full throttle.
Ground speed too fast.
Decrease ground speed.
Cutting height set too low.
Cut tall grass at maximum cutting height
during first pass.
Discharge chute jamming wiht cut
grass.
Cut grass with discharge pointing
toward previously cut area.
Blade mounting bolts are loose.
Tighten to 70 ft.lbs. (94 Nm).
Mower blades, spindles or pulleys are
bent.
Check and replace as necessary.
Mower blades are out of balance.
Remove, sharpen and balance blades.
See Maintenance section.
Belt installed incorrectly.
Reinstall correctly.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Repair or replace.
Using incorrect belt.
Replace with correct belt.
Idler pulley spring broken or not
properly attached.
Repair or replace as needed.
Mower drive belt broken.
Replace drive belt.
Unit has overheated.
Allow engine to cool, disengage mower
and then re-engage mower.
Unit has lost oil pressure.
Shut unit down and see dealer.
Brake will not hold.
Rider steers or handles poorly.
Engine stall easily with mower
engaged.
Excessive mower vibration.
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Troubleshooting the Mower
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Excessive belt wear or breakage.
Mower drive belt slips or fails to
drive.
Mower disengages during operation
and will not re-engage (See Deck
Shut Down Module)
37
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
TROUBLESHOOTING COMMON CUTTING PROBLEMS
CAUSE
Streaking
Blades are not sharp.
Sharpen your blades.
Blades are worn down to far.
Replace your blades.
Engine speed is too slow.
Always mow at full throttle.
Ground speed is too fast.
Slow down.
Deck is plugged with grass
Clean out the mower.
Not overlapping cutting rows enough.
Overlap your cutting rows.
Not overlapping enough when turning.
When turning your cutting width
decreases-overlap more when turning.
Lawn is uneven or bumpy.
Roll or level the lawn.
Mower deck cutting height is set too
low.
Raise the cutting height.
Ground speed is too fast.
Slow down.
Deck is not leveled correctly.
Correctly level the deck.
Tire pressure is low or uneven
Check and inflate the tires.
Deck is not leveled correctly.
Level the deck correctly.
Tires are not properly inflated.
Check and inflate the tires.
Scalping
Stepped Cutting
Uneven Cutting
Blades are damaged.
Replace the blades.
Deck shell is damaged.
Repair or replace the deck.
Mower spindle is bent or loose.
Repair or replace the spindle.
Blades are installed incorrectly.
Reinstall the blades correctly.
Deck is not leveled correctly.
Level the deck correctly.
Blades are dull or worn.
Sharpen or replace the blades.
Blades are damaged.
Replace the blades.
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Deck is clogged with grass clippings.
Stingers
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REMEDY
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PROBLEM
Clean out the deck.
Deck shell is damaged.
Repair or replace the deck.
Mower spindle is bent or loose.
Repair or replace the spindle.
Blades are installed incorrectly.
Reinstall the blades correctly.
Tires are not properly inflated.
Check and inflate the tires.
Blades are not sharp or nicked
Sharpen your blades.
Blades are worn down too far.
Replace your blades.
Engine speed is too slow.
Always mow at full throttle.
Ground speed is too fast.
Slow down.
Deck is plugged with grass.
Clean out the mower.
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
See Figure 29. The seat can be adjusted fore and
aft. Move the lever forward, position the seat as
desired, and release the lever to lock the seat into
position.
A
GROUND SPEED LEVER
ADJUSTMENT
The control levers can be adjusted in three ways. The
alignment of the control levers, the placement of the
levers (how close the ends are to one another) and
the height of the levers can be adjusted.
Handle Alignment
Figure 29. Seat Adjustment
A. Seat Adjustment Lever
Loosen the mount hardware (A, Figure 30) and pivot
the lever(s) (C) fore or aft to align with each other.
Handle Placement
C
Handle Height
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Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the placement bolt
(B) in or out to properly adjust the lever end spacing.
A
Remove the mounting hardware (A, Figure 30) and
reposition the handle either up or down from its
original position. You will need to readjust the handle
alignment as described above.
SPEED BALANCING ADJUSTMENT
Figure 30. Control Lever Adjustment
A. Alignment Hardware
B. Placement Hardware
C. Ground Speed Control Lever
R
If the rider veers to the right or left when the ground
speed control levers are in the maximum forward
position, the top speed of each of these levers can
be balanced by turning the adjustment bolt(s) (A,
Figure 31). Only adjust the speed of the wheel that is
traveling faster.
B
To Reduce the Speed of the Faster Wheel
1. Loosen the securing nut.
2. turn the top speed adjustment bolt CLOCKWISE
to reduce the speed.
3. Retighten the securing nut when adjustment is
complete.
WARNING
B
A
Figure 31. Top Speed Adjustment
A. Top Speed Adjustment Bolt
B. Jam Nut
DO NOT adjust the tractor for a faster overall
speed forward or reverse than it was designed
for.
39
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
If the tractor “creeps” while the ground speed control
levers are locked in NEUTRAL, then it may be
necessary to adjust the control linkage.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level
surface such as a concrete floor.
A
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake
and turn off the engine.
2. Loosen the jam nuts (B, Figure 32) and turn the
adjustment linkage (A) to adjust. If the machine
creeps forward, turn the linkage CLOCKWISE
(while standing at the rear of the machine, facing
forward), if the machine creeps backward, turn the
linkage COUNTER-CLOCKWISE.
3. Lock the jam nuts (B) when neutral is achieved.
NOTE: This adjustment should not be performed
while the machine is running. It may take several
attempts to achieve neutral, depending upon how
much the machine creeps.
Figure 32. Neutral Adjustment
(Left-hand side shown)
A. Control Linkage
B. Jam Nuts
A
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NEUTRAL POSITION AND RETURN
SPRING ADJUSTMENT
B
B
B
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake
and turn off the engine.
2. Move the ground speed control levers in the
operating position, pull levers rearward and
release.
3. Move the ground speed control levers towards the
neutral position. If the levers do not align with the
notches in the neutral lock plate, it is necessary to
adjust the reverse return bolts (A, Figure 33).
C
R
To determine if it is necessary to adjust the neutral
position, perform the following steps.
D
Figure 33. Neutral Spring Return Adjustment
A. Reverse Return Bolt
B. Reverse Return Spring
C. Spring Position Nut
D. Jam Nut
Neutral Position Adjustment
1. Loosen the jam nut (D, Figure 33) locked against
the clevis.
2. Turn the reverse return bolt (A) clockwise to adjust
handle rearward, counter-clockwise to adjust
handle forward.
4. Pull lever rearward and release to check position
again. Adjust as necessary to align levers with
notches.
5. Once the lever alignment has been adjusted, lock
jam nut against the clevis.
40
Return Spring Adjustment
After adjusting the neutral position, lock the levers in
the neutral position and measure the reverse return
spring (B, Figure 33) length. This should be 2-3/8”
(6,03 cm) long. If not, hold the reverse return bolt (A)
with a wrench while turning the spring position nut (C)
until the measurement is achieved.
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
FRONT
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, block the
front wheels, remove the ignition key, and engage
the parking brake.
2" - 2-1/8"
(5,0 - 5,4cm)
2. Locate the upper brake spring (A, Figure 34)
through the opening under the fuel tanks.
3. With the parking brake engaged, measure the
compressed spring length. The spring should be
2” - 2-1/8” (5,0 - 5,4cm) when compressed.
4. If adjustment is required, disengage the parking
brake and turn the adjustment nut (B).
A
5. Engage the parking brake and re-measure the
spring.
B
CAUTION
Figure 34. Parking Brake Adjustment
A. Upper Brake Spring
B. Adjustment Nut
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Do not adjust the spring to be shorter than
2” (5,0cm) when compressed. This may
damage the brake caliper.
MOWING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
B
The cutting height adjustment pin (A, Figure 35)
controls the mower cutting height. The cutting height
is adjustable between 1-1/2” (3,8 cm) and 6” (15,2
cm) in 1/4” (0,64 cm) increments.
1. Press the hydraulic mower lift switch (B) to the
right (away from the operator’s seat) to raise the
mower deck until it locks into the 6” (15,2 cm)
position.
2. Place the cutting height adjustment pin in the
desired cutting height.
D
A
3. Press the electric mower lift switch to the right to
release the lock.
R
4. Push the lock lever (C) towards the right to
release the lock.
C
5. Gravity will lower the mower deck until the deck
lift foot pedal (D) comes to rest against the cutting
height adjustment pin.
Figure 35. Mowing Height Adjustment
A. Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
B. Hydraulic Mower Lift Switch
C. Deck Lift Lock Lever
D. Deck Lift Foot Pedal
41
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
REAR TIRE CAMBER ADJUSTMENT
The rubber bushings in the cast A-arms may stretch
and wear with time and adversely affect the angle
that the rear tire runs against the ground.
5. Retighten the two (2) 1/2-20 X 3” bolts and the (2)
1/2-20 X 1-3/4” bolts.
6. Reinstall the tire.
To evaluate if the rear tire camber should be
adjusted, park the machine on a flat and level surface
and view the machine from behind. If you can visually
notice that the top of either rear tire is angled towards
the machine then the rear tire camber needs to be
adjusted.
A
To adjust the camber you will need to order and
install the correct amount of camber shims (P/N
5100332) for each tire that needs to be adjusted from
your dealer. Shims should only be installed in even
numbered quantities
To discover how many shims are needed:
1. Park the machine on a flat level surface.
Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, remove the
ignition key, and engage the parking brake.
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2. Place a carpenters square against the rear tire.
The bulge in the sidewall will not allow the square
to contact the bottom outside edge of the tire
where it first contacts the ground.
.4” (1,04 cm)
.6” (1,52 cm)
Figure 36. Measuring the Camber Distance
A. Top Measurement
B. Bottom Measurement
A
R
3. See Figure 36. Measure and record the distance
from the carpenters square to the top of the tire
(A, Figure 36). Measure and record the distance
from the carpenters square to the bottom of the
tire (B.) Subtract the bottom measurement from
the top measurement and reference the chart
below for the number of shims that are needed.
If the measurement is greater than .75” (1,91 cm)
contact your dealer.
Number of Shims
Distance Measured
Needed
.2” (,51 cm)
2
B
4
6
Installing the camber shims:
D
1. Park the machine on a flat level surface.
Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, remove the
ignition key, and engage the parking brake.
2. Jack up the rear of the machine and secure with
jack stands. Remove the rear tire.
3. Loosen but do not remove the two (2) 1/2-20 X
3” (A, Figure 37) bolts and the (2) 1/2-20 X 1-3/4”
bolts (B.)
4. Install the new camber shims (E) between the
adjustable A-arm mount (C) and the rigid A-arm
mount (D.) The bottom of the slots on the camber
shim should rest snugly against the shaft of the
1/2-20 X 3” bolts and the 1/2-20 X 1-3/4” bolts.
42
F
C
B
E
Figure 37. Installing the Rear Tire Camber
A. 1/2-20 x 3” Bolt
B. 1/2-20 x 1-3/4” Bolt
C. Adjustable A-arm Mount
D. Rigid A-arm Mount
E. Camber Shims
F. 1/2-20 Hex Nylon Nut
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
SUSPENSION ADJUSTMENT
The shock assembly can be adjusted to vary the
amount of pre-load applied to the springs. This allows
the operator to maintain the ride height.
Use less pre-load for light weight operators. Use
more pre-load for heavy weight operators.
To adjust the spring pre-load:
FRONT
Use two hands when adjusting the shock
springs. This will prevent the wrench from
slipping while pressure is being applied.
REAR
B
C
R
A
WARNING
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1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage
the PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking
brake.
2. See Figure 38. Using the supplied spanner
wrench (p/n 5022853), insert the tip of the
wrench into the notch in the pre-load adjuster.
While holding the wrench with both hands, turn
CLOCKWISE to decrease the pre-load, turn
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE to increase the pre-load.
Make sure that for each pair of shocks (A, B or C,
Figure 38) that the left-hand and right-hand are set
to the same amount of pre-load.
NOTE: Spanner wrench is located under the seat.
Rear tires must be removed to adjust the rear
suspension.
Figure 38. Adjust Spring Pre-Load
43
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
DECK LIFT ROD TIMING
ADJUSTMENT
Inner Rod
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage
the PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking
brake. Rear tires must be inflated to 18 psi (1,24
bar); front tires to 25 psi (1,72 bar).
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2. To check the inner lift rod timing, measure and
record the distance between the inner lift pivots
and the inner rod pivots. Repeat for other side of
unit. See Figure 39.
2n
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Outer Rod
Figure 39. Measure the Inner & Outer Lift Rods
A
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5. Lock the deck lift pedal in the 6” (15,2cm) position.
Remove the cutting height adjustment pin (A,
Figure 40) and lower the mower deck.
6. To ensure that the deck is in the lowest position,
push the pedal by hand towards the rear of the
unit and install the height adjustment pin in the 3”
(7.6cm) position to hold in place.
7. Block up the mower deck until all hanger chains
are slack.
8. Refer to Figure 41. To adjust the inner lift rod,
loosen the jam nut on the front ball joint then
remove the 1/2” hardware fastening the ball joint
the the lift pivot arm. Turn the ball joint clockwise
to shorten the distance between the rod pivots
or counterclockwise to lengthen the distance
between the rod pivots. Reinstall the ball joint
on the lift pivot arm and secure with the 1/2”
hardware previously removed. Tighten the jam
nut against the lift rod.
9. Refer to Figure 41. To adjust the inner lift rod,
loosen the jam nut on the front ball joint then
remove the 1/2” hardware fastening the ball joint
the the lift pivot arm. Turn the ball joint clockwise
to shorten the distance between the rod pivots
or counterclockwise to lengthen the distance
between the rod pivots. Reinstall the ball joint
on the lift pivot arm and secure with the 1/2”
hardware previously removed. Tighten the jam
nut against the lift rod.
10. Remove blocks from under the mower deck.
11. Remove the the cutting height adjustment pin from
in front of the deck lift pedal arm. Lift mower deck
and reinstall adjustment pin in desired mowing
height.
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3. To check the outer lift rod timing, measure and
record the distance between the outer lift pivots
and the outer rod pivots. Repeat for other side of
unit. See Figure 39.
4. If the measurements for the inner rods are equal,
and the measurements for the outer rods are
equal, no further adjustment is required. If the
measurements are NOT equal (greater than 1/8”
(3,17mm) difference), adjustment is required,
continue with Step 5.
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Figure 40. Deck Lift Pedal
A. Height Adjustment Pin
Inner Rod
R
Adjust Here
44
Adjust Here
Outer Rod
Figure 41. Adjust the Inner & Outer Lift Rods
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
DECK LEVELING ADJUSTMENT
NOTE: Before adjusting the deck level, the deck lift
rod timing must be checked and/or adjusted.
Figure 42. 2 x 4 Locations
B
A
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1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage
the PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking
brake. Rear tires must be inflated to 18 psi (1,24
bar); front tires to 25 psi (1,72 bar).
2. Lock the deck lift pedal in the 6” (15,2 cm)
position. Place the deck height adjustment pin in
the 4” position and lower deck the lift pedal until
the arm contacts the pin.
3. Place 2 x 4 blocks under each corner of the
mower deck with the 3-1/2” sides being vertical.
See Figure 43.
4. Adjust the front eyebolts until the chains are tight
and the deck is still resting on the 2 x 4’s. Tighten
jam nuts. See Figure 44.
5. Loosen the jam nuts (A, Figure 44) and turn the
adjustment bolts (B) until the chains are tight
and the rear of the deck is resting on the 2 x 4’s.
Tighten the jam nuts.
6. Remove all 2 x 4 blocks from under the mower
deck.
BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT
To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT
PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
Mower Drive Belt Removal &
Replacement
C
Figure 43. Deck Level Adjustment
A. Jam Nut
B. Adjustment Bolt
C. Adjustment Point
R
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such
as a concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage
the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove
the ignition key.
A
2. Remove the height adjustment pin (A, Figure 44)
and lower deck.
3. Loosen the 5/16” bolts securing the mower deck
guards and remove the guards.
WARNING
Figure 44. Lower the Mower Deck
A. Height Adjustment Pin
Use extreme caution when rotating the idler
pulley with the wrench, due to the increased
tension in the spring as the idler pulley is being
rotated. Injury may result if the wrench is
prematurely released while the spring is under
tension.
45
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
4. 61” Side Discharge: Using a 3/4” combination
wrench rotate the spring-loaded idler pulley (A,
Figure 45) COUNTER-CLOCKWISE to release the
belt tension.
61” Side Discharge Model
A
C
4a. 72” Side Discharge: Using a 3/4” combination
wrench, rotate the spring-loaded idler pulley
(A, Figure 45) CLOCKWISE to release the belt
tension.
5. Slide the drive belt over the edge of the stationary
idler pulley (C) and carefully release the tension on
the wrench until the spring tension is completely
released.
6. Remove the old belt and replace with a new one.
B
72” Side Discharge Model
7. Install the drive belt on the gearbox pulley, the
spindle pulleys and idler pulleys.
A
8. 61” Side Discharge: Rotate the springloaded idler pulley (A, Figure 45) COUNTERCLOCKWISE and slide the drive belt over the
edge of the stationary idler pulley (C). Make sure
the V-side of the belt runs in the pulley grooves
(Figure 48). Carefull release the tension on the
wrench.
C
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B
8. 72” Side Discharge: Rotate the spring-loaded
idler pulley (A, Figure 45) CLOCKWISE and slide
the drive belt over the edge of the stationary
idler pulley (C). Make sure the V-side of the belt
runs in the pulley grooves (Figure 46). Carefully
release the tension on the wrench.
Figure 45. Mower PTO Belt
A. Spring-loaded Idler Pulley
B. Idler Spring
C. Stationary Idler Pulley
9. Reinstall the mower deck guards and tighten the
5/16” hardware to secure in place.
10. Run the mower under no-load condition for
approximately 5 minutes to break in the belt.
E
Check the Mower Belt Tensioner Spring Length
1. Lower the mower deck to its lowest cutting
position.
R
A
2. Measure the coil length (E, Figure 46) of the
mower belt tensioner spring (A). The measurement
should equal the measurement as indicated in
the chart. If the measurement does not equal the
measurement as indicated in the chart, adjust the
mower belt spring length.
C
B
Mower Belt Idler Spring Length
inch
cm
61” Mower Deck
7
17.8
72” Mower Deck
6-1/4
15.9
Adjusting the Mower Belt Spring Length
1. Loosen the jam nut (C) on the anchor eyebolt (B).
2. Turn the adjustment nut (D) until the measurement
as indicated in the chart is achieved.
D
Figure 46. Mower Belt Idler Spring Length
A. Mower Belt Tensioner Spring
B. Anchor Eyebolt
C. Jam Nut
D. Adjustment Nut
E. Measurement
3. Retighten the jam nut.
46
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
Clutch Belt Removal
D
C
B
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such
as a concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage
the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove
the ignition key.
2. Release the hood latch and raise the hood until it
locks in place.
3. Remove the rear belt shield.
4. Remove the 5/16” bolt, washer and nut (C, Figure
48) that fasten the rubber pad to the clutch and
unscrew the wire ends that connect the clutch to
the electrical harness.
WARNING
A
D
D
A
Figure 46. Mower PTO Belt Routing
A. Spindle Pulley
B. PTO Drive Belt
C. Spring-loaded Idler Pulley
D. Stationary Idler Pulley
B
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Use extreme caution when rotating the idler
arm with the breaker bar, due to the increased
tension in the spring as the idler arm is being
rotated. Injury may result if the breaker bar is
prematurely released while the spring is under
tension.
A
5. Using a 1/2” breaker bar, place the square end
in the square hole located in the middle of the
idler arm (A). Carefully rotate the breaker bar
CLOCKWISE, which will relieve the tension on the
belts exerted from the idler arm.
6. Remove the belts from the gearbox drive pulley
(D).
C
A
7. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar
until the idler arm stops.
8. Remove the clutch belts from the clutch pulley
grooves and pull around the idler pulley.
R
D
Clutch Belt Replacement
1. Install the clutch belts over the top of the clutch,
into the grooves of the crankshaft pulley and
around the idler pulley.
E
Figure 47. Clutch Belt Removal & Replacement
A. Idler Arm
B. Clutch Belt Idler Spring
C. Clutch Anchor Hardware
D. Gearbox Drive Pulley
E. Gearbox
2. Carefully rotate the idler arm with the breaker bar
CLOCKWISE (see Figure 47) and install the belts
into the grooves of the gearbox drive pulley.
3. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar.
4. Reinstall the clutch anchor pad to the clutch with
the hardware (C) previously removed. Make
sure the hardware is in the same order as is was
before being removed.
5. Reinstall the rear belt shield and lower the hood.
Make sure the hood is firmly latched.
47
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
Pump Drive Belt Removal
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such
as a concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage
the parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove
the ignition key.
B
2. Remove the PTO drive belt from the clutch (see
CLUTCH BELT REMOVAL for instructions).
3. Using a 1/2” breaker bar, place the square end in
the square hole located in the middle of the idler
arm (A, Figures 48). Carefully rotate the breaker
bar COUNTER-CLOCKWISE, which will relieve
the tension on the belts exerted from the idler
arm.
WARNING
Figure 48. Pump Belt Removal & Replacement
A. Pump Drive Idler Arm
B. Spring
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Use extreme caution when rotating the idler
arm with the breaker bar, due to the increased
tension in the spring as the idler arm is being
rotated. Injury may result if the breaker bar is
prematurely released while the spring is under
tension.
A
4. Remove the belts from the right-hand and lefthand pump drive pulley grooves.
5. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar.
6. Unhook the spring (B) from the anchor bolt on the
idler arm.
7. Remove the belts from the crankshaft pulley
grooves and pull out from behind the clutch.
Pump Drive Belt Replacement
1. Place the belts under clutch into the crankshaft
pulley grooves.
R
2. Wrap the belts around the top side of the idler arm
pulley and install the belts in the right-hand pump
pulley grooves.
3. Reinstall the spring onto the anchor bolt on the
idler arm.
4. Carefully rotate the idler arm with the breaker bar
COUNTER-CLOCKWISE (see Figure 48). While
holding the breaker bar firmly, install the belts in
the left-hand pump pulley grooves and the two
stationary idler pulleys grooves.
5. Carefully release the tension on the breaker bar.
6. Inspect the belt path making sure that all belts are
properly seated in the pulley grooves.
7. Reinstall the clutch belts (see CLUTCH BELT
REPLACEMENT for instructions).
48
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Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
GEARBOX MAINTENANCE
Check Gearbox Oil Level
A
Top
1. Remove fill plug (A, Figure 49) on gearbox.
2. Once plug is removed, oil should seep out of fill
plug hole. If no oil drains out, fill with SAE 80-90
weight gear oil until oil starts to seep from hole,
then replace fill plug.
Changing Gearbox Oil
NOTE: The gearbox lubricant should be changed
after the first 100 hrs. or 30 days of operation, then
after 500 hours or 12 months.
1. Remove the mower deck drive belt (see MOWER
DRIVE BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT for
instructions).
2. Rotate the the mower deck drive pulley on the
gearbox so the drain plug is aligned with the
opening between the pulley spokes.
Front
B
Figure 49. Gearbox Oil Level
A. Fill Plug
B. Drain Plug
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3. Place a container under the gearbox drain hole
and remove the drain plug (B).
4. Replace drain plug and fill with SAE 80-90 weight
gear oil until oil starts to seep from hole, then
replace fill plug.
5. Using a parts solvent, thoroughly clean any
excess oil from the pulley faces and groove.
6. Reinstall the mower deck drive belt (see MOWER
DRIVE BELT REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT for
instructions).
B
A
DECK SHUT DOWN MODULE
This unit is equipped with a deck shut down module
that will automatically shut down the mower deck if the
engine looses oil pressure or begins to overheat.
R
What to do if the deck shuts down during
operation:
• Immediately check your dash panel to see if the
oil pressure indicator lamp (A, Figure 50) is lit or
the water temperature gauge (B) is reading a high
temperature.
If the oil pressure indicator lamp is lit:
• Shut the unit off immediately and see your dealer.
If the water temperature guage reads a high
temperature:
• Move the ground speed control levers to the
neutral position, disengage the PTO switch,
engage the parking brake and reduce to half
throttle speed. Leave the engine running so the
radiator fan will continue to run and coolant will
continue to circulate.
Figure 50. Deck Shut Down Module
A. Oil Pressure Indicator Lamp
B. Water Temperature Gauge
• Check the engine coolant level. See Check Engine
Coolant Level. Add coolant if necessary.
• Check to see if the radiator screen is dirty or
plugged. See Clean Radiator & Screen. Clean
radiator screen if necessary.
• If these procedures do not cause the engine to
begin to cool down, shut the unit off and see your
dealer.
After the Problem has been resolved
• The PTO switch must be disengaged before it can
be re-engaged.
49
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
BATTERY SERVICE
WARNING
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
Checking Battery Voltage
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of
battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows
battery voltage, which should be 12 volts. When
engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of
charging circuit which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
JUMP STARTING WITH AUXILIARY
(BOOSTER) BATTERY
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it
must be done, follow these directions. Both booster
and dis-charged batteries should be treated carefully
when using jumper cables. Follow the steps below
EXACTLY, being careful not to cause sparks. Refer
to Figure 50.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery
adjacent to the vehicle with the discharged battery
so that booster cables can be connected easily
to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain
vehicles do not touch each other.
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A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine
may not mean the battery needs to be replaced.
For example, it may mean that the alternator is not
charging the battery properly. If there is any doubt
about the cause of the problem, see your dealer.
If you need to replace the battery, follow the steps
under Cleaning the Battery & Cables in the Regular
Maintenance Section.
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (until the
specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher
and the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F).
The best method of making certain a battery is
fully charged, but not over charged, is to measure
the specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The
battery is fully charged when the cells are gassing
freely at low charging rate and less than 0.003
change in specific gravity occurs over a three hour
period.
CHARGING A COMPLETELY
DISCHARGED BATTERY
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your
dealer.
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2. Add distilled water sufficient to cover the plate (fill
to the proper level near the end of the charge).
If the battery is extremely cold, allow it to warm
before adding water because the water level will
rise as it warms. Also, an extremely cold battery
will not accept a normal charge until it becomes
warm.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before
attaching or removing the clamp connections.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in
proper polarity (usually red to [+] positive and
black to [-] negative).
5. While charging, periodically measure the
temperature of the electrolyte. If the temperature
exceeds 125° F (51.6° C), or if violent gassing or
spewing of electrolyte occurs, the charging rate
must be reduced or temporarily halted to prevent
battery damage.
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face
from batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are
tight. Place damp cloth over vent caps on both
batteries.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of
discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same
post marked positive (+) on booster battery.
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other
post of booster battery.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled
vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over
batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster
battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start
the engine of the vehicle with the discharged
battery.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty
seconds seldom starts the engine unless some
mechanical adjustment is made.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle
speed. Remove the cable connection at the
engine or frame. Then remove the other end of
the same cable from the booster battery.
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the
discharged battery first and then disconnect the
opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
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www.ferrisindustries.com
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Repair
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
Figure 50. Jump Starting
WARNING
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MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
WARNING
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Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in:
(1) personal injury caused by electrolyte
squirting out the battery vents,
(2) personal injury or property damage due
to battery explosion,
(3) damage to the charging system of the
booster vehicle or of the immobilized
vehicle.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture
or explode. If a frozen battery is suspected,
examine all fill vents on the battery. If ice
can be seen or if the electrolyte fluid cannot
be seen, do not attempt to start with jumper
cables as long as the battery remains frozen.
For your personal safety, use extreme care
when jump starting. Never expose battery to
open flame or electric spark – battery action
generates hydrogen gas which is flammable
and explosive. Do not allow battery acid to
contact skin, eyes, fabrics, or painted surfaces.
Batteries contain a sulfuric acid solution which
can cause serious personal injury or property
damage.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and
reconnect it LAST. If not done in this order, the
positive terminal can be shorted to the frame
by a tool.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect
battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
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Specifications
SPECIFICATIONS
TRANSMISSIONS:
NOTE: Specifications are correct at time of printing
and are subject to change without notice.
PUMP:
* Actual sustained equipment horsepower will likely be
lower due to operating limitations and environmental
factors.
WHEEL MOTOR:
ENGINE:
33 HP* CATERPILLAR
Make
Model
Horsepower
Displacement
Electrical System
Oil Capacity
Caterpillar
3013E
33 @ 3600 rpm
91.54 Cu. in (1500 cc)
12 Volt, 16 amp. Alternator,
Battery: 500 CCA
11.5 Pt. (5.4 L) w/ Filter
CHASSIS:
Capacity: 13 Gallons (49.2 L) Total
Tire Size: 26 x 12.00 -12
15 psi (1,03 bar)
Tire Size: 13 x 6.50 - 6
25 psi (1,72 bar)
PARKER TF0405UB080AADD
Type
Pump and Wheel Motor
Hydraulic Fluid
Mobil 1™ 15W-50 synthetic oil or
Castrol Syntec™ 5W-50 oil
Speeds
Forward: 0-11 MPH (0-17.7 km/h)
@ 3400 rpm
Reverse: 0-5 MPH (0-9.65 km/h)
Continuous Torque
483 ft. lbs. (654 N.m.)
Output
Maximum Weight
3000 lbs. (1360 Kg)
on Axle
DIMENSIONS:
Overall Length
Overall Width
61” Side Discharge
72” Side Discharge
Height
Weight (apx.)
w/ 61” Deck
w/ 72” Deck
87” (221 cm)
62” (157 cm)
85” (216 cm)
55” (140 cm)
1887 lbs. (856 kg)
1908 lbs. (865 kg)
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Fuel Tanks
Rear Wheels
Inflation Pressure:
Front Wheels
Inflation Pressure:
HYDRO-GEAR PW-1ACC (LH)
HYDRO-GEAR PW-1DCC (RH)
52
www.ferrisindustries.com
Ferris Industries - a division of Briggs & Stratton Power Products Group, LLC.
Owner’s Limited Warranty Information
(Effective 04/28/2004)
Thank you for purchasing Ferris commercial mowing equipment. Please take a few minutes to read this limited warranty information. It contains all
the information you will need to have your Ferris mower repaired in the unlikely event that a breakdown covered by this limited warranty should occur.
Owner’s Responsibilities - As a condition to our obligations under this limited warranty, you shall have read the operator’s manual and you shall
have completed and submitted to Ferris, within 20 days from the date of purchase, the Ferris Product Registration. You must properly service and
maintain your Ferris product as described in the operator’s manual. Such routine maintenance, whether performed by a dealer or by you, is at your
expense. The Ferris equipment, including any defective part covered by this limited warranty, must be returned to an authorized Ferris dealer within
the warranty period for warranty service. This limited warranty extends only to equipment operated under normal conditions and in accordance with
Ferris’ instructions.
Warranty Start Date - The limited warranty coverage begins on the day you buy your new Ferris commercial mowing equipment. An authorized Ferris
dealer will assist you in filling out a Ferris Product Registration with specific information for the model you purchase and your personal information,
which must be returned to Ferris.
Limited Warranty - The limited warranty, set forth below, is a written guarantee by Ferris, during the warranty period, to repair or replace parts which
have a substantial defect in materials or workmanship. The warranty is “limited” because it is for a specified period of time, applies to the original purchaser only, and is subject to other restrictions.
FERRIS LIMITED WARRANTY
Ferris Industries (Ferris) warrants, in accordance with the provisions below, to the original purchaser only, for the periods described below that the
commercial mower shall be free from substantial defects in material or workmanship under normal use and service. If you wish to file a claim under
this limited warranty, you must provide prompt notice of your claim to an authorized Ferris dealer during the warranty period. Ferris’ obligation under
this limited warranty is, at Ferris’ option, to repair or replace any part or parts of the mower, which, in the judgment of Ferris, are found to be defective
and covered by this limited warranty. An authorized Ferris dealer will repair or replace the defective part or parts, at the dealer’s place of business,
at no charge for the labor or parts. This limited warranty applies only to mowers sold in the United States and Canada and is subject to the following
limitations.
Warranty Period
2-years (24 months) from date of retail purchase by the original
purchaser for parts & labor (90 days for rental mowers)
(Except as noted below*)
*Belts, Tires, Brake Pads
And Hoses, Battery, Blades
90 days from date of retail purchase by the original purchaser
*Attachments
1 year from date of retail purchase by the original purchaser
*Engine
If the engine manufacturer provides any warranty on the mower’s engine, Ferris will assign that warranty to
the original purchaser of the mower if such assignment is reasonably practicable. Please refer to the engine
manufacturer’s warranty statement, if any, that is included in the owner’s packet. We are not authorized to
handle warranty adjustments or repairs on engines. Ferris offers NO WARRANTY on mower engines. Ferris
does not guarantee or represent that any engine manufacturer will comply with the terms of its warranty.
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Covered Parts
All Mowers
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Items and Conditions Not Covered
This warranty does not cover, and Ferris makes NO WARRANTY regarding, the following:
• Mowers or their parts if a complete and accurate Ferris Product Registration has not been received by Ferris.
• Loss or damage to person or property other than that expressly covered by the terms of this limited warranty.
• Pickup and delivery charges and risk of loss or damage in transit to and from any authorized Ferris dealer.
• Any damage or deterioration due to normal use, wear and tear, or environmental or natural elements, or exposure.
• Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as but not limited to, filters, fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, and adjustments.
• Claims arising due to failure to follow Ferris’ written instructions, or improper storage or maintenance.
• Any repairs necessary due to use of parts, accessories or supplies, including gasoline, oil or lubricants, incompatible with the mowing equipment,
or other than as recommended in the operator’s manual or other written operational instructions provided by Ferris.
• Use of non-Ferris approved parts or accessories.
• Any overtime or other extraordinary repair charges or charges relating to repairs or replacements.
• Rental of like or similar replacement equipment during the period of any warranty, repair or replacement work.
• Loss of revenue, time or use of the mowing equipment.
• Travel, telephone or other communication charges.
• Damage from continued use of defective mowing equipment.
• Freight charges on replacement parts.
• Any mowing equipment or part which, in the judgment of Ferris, has been altered or tampered with in any way or has been subjected to misuse,
abuse, abnormal usage, unauthorized repair, neglect or accident, damage in transit, or has had the serial numbers altered, effaced or removed.
• Any equipment, part or item not mentioned under “Covered Parts,” above.
General Conditions
Ferris is continually striving to improve its products, and therefore reserves the right to make improvements or changes without incurring any obligation to make changes or additions to products sold previously. Any oral or written description of Ferris products is for the sole purpose of identifying
the products and shall not be construed as an express warranty. No warranty claim shall give rise to a right for the purchaser to cancel or rescind any
sale. No person is authorized to make any warranty or assume for Ferris any liability not strictly in accordance with this limited warranty. Any assistance Ferris provides to or procures for the purchaser outside the terms, limitations or exclusions of this limited warranty will not constitute a waiver of
the terms, limitations or exclusions of this limited warranty, nor will such assistance extend or revive the limited warranty. Ferris will not reimburse the
purchaser for any expenses incurred by the purchaser in repairing, correcting or replacing any defective products except for those incurred with Ferris’
prior written permission and in accordance with this limited warranty.
Ferris’ sole and exclusive liability with respect to this limited warranty, and the purchaser’s exclusive remedy, shall be repair or replacement as set
forth herein. All warranty work must be performed by an authorized Ferris dealer using only Ferris approved replacement parts. FERRIS SHALL
HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY OTHER COST, LOSS OR DAMAGE, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY INCIDENTAL, COMPENSATORY,
INDIRECT, PUNITIVE, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL LOSS OR DAMAGE. FERRIS’ AGGREGATE LIABILITY WITH RESPECT TO A
DEFECTIVE PRODUCT OR PART SHALL BE LIMITED TO AN AMOUNT EQUAL TO THE MONIES PAID BY THE PURCHASER FOR THAT
DEFECTIVE PRODUCT OR PART. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY, AND FERRIS’ OBLIGATIONS HEREUNDER, ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. FERRIS SHALL NOT BE LIABLE TO THE PURCHASER,
OR TO ANYONE CLAIMING UNDER THE PURCHASER, FOR ANY OTHER OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO, OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES ARISING OUT OF BREACH OF CONTRACT OR WARRANTY, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORT OR ANY
THEORY OF STRICT LIABILITY, WITH RESPECT TO FERRIS PRODUCTS OR FERRIS’ ACTS OR OMISSIONS OR OTHERWISE.
It is the express wish of the parties that this agreement and any related documents be drafted in English. Il est la volonté expresse des parties que
cette convention et tous les documents s’y rattachent soient rédigés en anglais.
OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
IS5100Z Series
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Zero-Turn Riding Mower