Instruction manual | FieldServer FS-8700-47 Computer Drive User Manual

A Sierra Monitor Company
Driver Manual
(Supplement to the FieldServer Instruction Manual)
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0
APPLICABILITY & EFFECTIVITY
Effective for all systems manufactured after December 2008
Driver Version:
Document Revision:
1.03
14
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
2.
DNP 3.0 Driver Description ................................................................................................................ 4
Driver Scope of Supply....................................................................................................................... 6
2.1. Supplied by FieldServer Technologies for this driver. .................................................................... 6
3.
Hardware Connections....................................................................................................................... 7
3.1. Connection Notes ........................................................................................................................... 7
4.
Configuring the FieldServer as a DNP 3.0 Driver Client .................................................................... 8
4.1. Data Arrays ..................................................................................................................................... 8
4.2. Client Side Connection Descriptors................................................................................................ 9
4.3. Client Side Node Descriptors ......................................................................................................... 9
4.4. Client Side Map Descriptors ......................................................................................................... 10
4.4.1.
FieldServer Specific Map Descriptor Parameters ................................................................. 10
4.4.2.
Driver Specific Map Descriptor Parameters .......................................................................... 10
4.4.3.
Timing Parameters ................................................................................................................ 11
4.4.4.
Map Descriptor Example 1 – Simple Read. .......................................................................... 12
4.4.5.
Map Descriptor Example 2 – Simple Read – Extract the Quality/Status .............................. 13
4.4.6.
Map Descriptor Example 3 – Simple Read Extract Value & Status ...................................... 13
4.4.7.
Map Descriptor Example 4 – Reading Class Data................................................................ 14
4.4.8.
Map Descriptor Example 5 – Read an unknown quantity of points (Qualifier 6) .................. 14
4.4.9.
Map Descriptor Example 6 – Read an unknown variation .................................................... 15
5.
Configuring the FieldServer as a DNP 3.0 Driver Server................................................................. 16
5.1. Server Side Connection Descriptors ............................................................................................ 16
5.2. Server Side Node Descriptors ...................................................................................................... 17
5.3. Server Side Map Descriptors........................................................................................................ 17
5.3.1.
FieldServer Specific Map Descriptor Parameters ................................................................. 17
5.3.2.
Driver Specific Map Descriptor Parameters .......................................................................... 18
5.3.3.
Timing Parameters ................................................................................................................ 18
5.3.4.
Map Descriptor Example 1 – Discrete Data. ......................................................................... 19
5.3.5.
Map Descriptor Example 2 – Class Data .............................................................................. 19
5.3.6.
Map Descriptor Example 3 – Class Data (another example) ................................................ 20
5.3.7.
Map Descriptor Example 4 – Default Variation (Variation zero) ........................................... 21
5.3.8.
Map Descriptor Example 5 - Class_Data_Serving_Ctrl ........................................................ 22
5.3.9.
Map Descriptor Example 5 – Serving Objects which have a time field................................. 24
5.3.10. Map Descriptor Example 6 – Unsolicited Messages............................................................. 24
5.4. Server Side Limitations................................................................................................................. 25
Appendix A.
Advanced Topics ............................................................................................................... 26
Appendix A.1. DNP 3.0 Protocol. ......................................................................................................... 26
Appendix A.2. DNP Driver Functionality .............................................................................................. 26
Appendix A.3. DNP Objects mapped to FieldServer Data Arrays ....................................................... 26
Appendix A.4. Channel Idle, Master & Slave Idle. ............................................................................... 26
Appendix A.5. DLL Layer Functionality in the Master .......................................................................... 27
Appendix A.6. App Layer Functionality in the Master .......................................................................... 27
Appendix A.7. Internal Indications, Object 80 and DNP_II .................................................................. 28
A.7.1. Incoming Internal Indications Bytes .......................................................................................... 28
A.7.2. Internal Indications reported in Responses .............................................................................. 30
A.7.3. Server_II_Array ......................................................................................................................... 30
A.7.4. Responses to Polls for Object 80 (Internal Indications)............................................................ 31
Appendix A.8. DNP_Stats .................................................................................................................... 32
Appendix A.9. DNP 3.0 Data Objects .................................................................................................. 33
Appendix A.10. Controlling the DNP 3.0 Driver’s Function Code ........................................................ 36
Appendix A.11. Controlling the DNP 3.0 Driver’s Qualifier .................................................................. 37
Appendix A.12. FieldServer DNP Node Number ................................................................................. 37
Appendix A.13. DnpSubType............................................................................................................... 38
Appendix A.14. Communication Stats ................................................................................................. 38
Appendix A.15. Link Reset................................................................................................................... 38
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Table of Contents
Appendix A.16. Controlling DA Offsets ................................................................................................ 39
Appendix A.17. dnpIndexStyle ............................................................................................................. 39
Appendix A.18. Real Time Clock Synchronization............................................................................... 40
Appendix A.19. Select and Operate..................................................................................................... 42
Appendix A.20. Multiple requests in a single poll................................................................................. 45
Appendix B.
Driver Error Messages ....................................................................................................... 46
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
1.
Page 4 of 51
DNP 3.0 Driver Description
The DNP 3.0 Driver allows the FieldServer to transfer data to and from devices over RS-232 or RS-485
using DNP 3.0 Driver protocol. The FieldServer can emulate either a Server or Client.
The following description of DNP is from the DNP User Group internet site.∗
“The development of DNP was a comprehensive effort to achieve open, standards-based interoperability
between substation computers, RTUs, IEDs (Intelligent Electronic Devices) and master stations (except
inter-master station communications) for the electric utility industry. Also important was the time frame
and the need for a solution to meet today's requirements. As ambitious an undertaking as this was, we
are reaching this objective.
DNP is based on the standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical
Committee 57, Working Group 03 who have been working on an OSI 3 layer "Enhanced Performance
Architecture" (EPA) protocol standard for telecontrol applications. DNP has been designed to be as close
to compliant as possible to the standards as they existed at time of development with the addition of
functionality not identified in Europe but needed for current and future North American applications (e.g.
limited transport layer functions to support 2K descriptor transfers for IEDs, RF and fiber support).
Recently DNP 3.0 was selected as a Recommended Practice by the IEEE C.2 Task Force; RTU to IED
Communications Protocol.
Feature Rich
DNP offers flexibility and functionality that go far beyond conventional communications protocols. Among
its robust and flexible features DNP 3.0 includes:
• Output options
• Secure configuration/file transfers
• Addressing for over 65,000 devices on a single link
• Time synchronization and time-stamped events
• Broadcast messages
• Data link and application layer confirmation
DNP 3.0 was originally designed based on three layers of the OSI seven-layer model: application layer,
data link layer and physical layer. The application layer is object-based with objects provided for most
generic data formats. The data link layer provides for several methods of retrieving data such as polling
for classes and object variations. The physical layer defines most commonly a simple RS-232 or RS-485
interface.
DNP 3.0 is very efficient for a layered protocol while ensuring high data integrity.
Suits Any SCADA/EMS Environment
Because DNP 3.0 is based on the IEC 870-5 requirements, DNP is suitable for application in the entire
SCADA/EMS environment. This includes RTU to IED communications, master to remote
communications, and even peer-to-peer instances and network applications.
Being an object-based application layer protocol, DNP 3.0 has the flexibility to support multiple operating
modes such as poll-response, polled report-by-exception, unsolicited responses and peer-to-peer. It
permits multiple masters and encourages distributed intelligence.
Users can expect many benefits from using DNP. In the short term:
• Interoperability between multi-vendor devices
• Fewer protocols to support in the field
• reduced software costs
• No protocol translators needed
∗
DNP Users Group, PO Box 43075 DVPO, Calgary, AB, Canada T2J 7A7
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
•
•
•
•
•
Page 5 of 51
Shorter delivery schedules
Less testing, maintenance and training
Improved documentation
Independent conformance testing
Support by independent users group and third-party sources (e.g. test sets, source code).
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
2.
Page 6 of 51
Driver Scope of Supply
2.1.
Supplied by FieldServer Technologies for this driver.
FieldServer Technologies Part#
FS-8915-10
FS-8917-04
FS-8700-47
Description
UTP cable (7 foot) for RS-232 use
RJ45 to DB25M connection adapter
Driver Manual.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
3.
Page 7 of 51
Hardware Connections
The FieldServer is connected to the DNP-3.0 device as shown below.
Configure the DNP-3.0 device according to manufacturer’s instructions
DNP Device
8917-04
DB25F
Connect to one of the RS-232
Ports on the FieldServer
RJ45
8
FieldServer
FieldServer Function
Rx
CTS
DSR
GND
GND
DTR
RTS
Tx
3.1.
1
P1
From
RJ45-01
RJ45-02
RJ45-03
RJ45-04
RJ45-05
RJ45-06
RJ45-07
RJ45-08
Default
DB25F-02
DB25F-04
DB25F-07
DB25F-05
DB25F-03
Color
White
Brown
Yellow
Green
Red
Black
Orange
Blue
Connection Notes
Pinouts and adapters may vary according to the device being connected to. Refer to DNP installation
manual for pin connection reference.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
4.
Page 8 of 51
Configuring the FieldServer as a DNP 3.0 Driver Client
For a detailed discussion on FieldServer configuration, please refer to the FieldServer Configuration
Manual. The information that follows describes how to expand upon the factory defaults provided in the
configuration files included with the FieldServer (See “.csv” files supplied with the FieldServer).
This section documents and describes the parameters necessary for configuring the FieldServer to
communicate with a DNP 3.0 Driver Server.
The configuration file tells the FieldServer about its interfaces, and the routing of data required. In order to
enable the FieldServer for DNP 3.0 Driver communications, the driver independent FieldServer buffers
need to be declared in the “Data Arrays” section, the destination device addresses need to be declared in
the “Client Side Nodes” section, and the data required from the Servers needs to be mapped in the
“Client Side Map Descriptors” section. Details on how to do this can be found below.
Note that in the tables, * indicates an optional parameter, with the bold legal value being the default.
4.1.
Data Arrays
Section Title
Data_Arrays
Column Title
Data_Array_Name
Function
Provide name for Data Array
Data_Format
Provide data format. Each data array can
only take on one format.
Data_Array_Length
Number of Data Objects. Must be larger
than the data storage area required for
the data being placed in this array.
Legal Values
Up to 15 alphanumeric characters
FLOAT, BIT, UInt16, SInt16,
Packed_Bit, Byte, Packed_Byte,
Swapped_Byte
1-10,000
Example
// Data Arrays
//
Data_Arrays
Data_Array_Name
DA_AI_01
DA_AO_01
DA_DI_01
DA_DO_01
,Data_Format
,UInt16
,UInt16
,Bit
,Bit
,Data_Array_Length
,200
,200
,200
,200
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
4.2.
Page 9 of 51
Client Side Connection Descriptors
Section Title
Connections
Column Title
Port
Function
Specify which port the device is connected to the
FieldServer
Legal Values
P1-P8, R1-R2
1
Baud*
Specify baud rate
Parity*
Specify parity
Data_Bits*
Specify data bits
110 – 115200, standard
baud rates only
Even, Odd, None, Mark,
Space
7, 8
Stop_Bits*
Specify stop bits
1
Protocol
Handshaking*
Specify protocol used
Specify hardware handshaking
Poll Delay*
Time between internal polls
DNP
None
0-32000 seconds, 1
second.
Versions of the driver prior to 1.02a used a different
method to calculate DA offset. Refer to Appendix A.16.
Application*
It is also possible to use this parameter to control if link
resets are used/required. Refer to Appendix A.15.
OriginalStyle,
NoLink,
OrigStyle-NoLink
Example
//
Client Side Connections
Connections
Port
R1
4.3.
,Baud
,9600
,Parity
,None
,Protocol
,DNP
,Handshaking
,None
,Poll_Delay
,0.100s
Client Side Node Descriptors
Section Title
Nodes
Column Title
Node_Name
Node_ID
Protocol
Port
Function
Provide name for node
DNP 3.0 station address of physical Server
node
Specify protocol used
Specify which port the device is connected to
the FieldServer
Legal Values
Up
to
32
alphanumeric
characters
0-65535
DNP
P1-P8, R1-R21
Example
//
Client Side Nodes
Nodes
Node_Name
PLC 1
,Node_ID
,1
,Protocol
,DNP
,Port
,P1
1
Not all ports shown are necessarily supported by the hardware. Consult the appropriate Instruction
manual for details of the ports available on specific hardware.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
4.4.
Page 10 of 51
Client Side Map Descriptors
4.4.1.
FieldServer Specific Map Descriptor Parameters
Column Title
Function
Map_Descriptor_Name
Name of this Map Descriptor
Data_Array_Name
Name of Data Array where
data is to be stored in the
FieldServer
Data_Array_Offset
Starting location in Data Array
Function
Function of Client Map
Descriptor
4.4.2.
Rdbc, Wrbc, Wrbx
Driver Specific Map Descriptor Parameters
Column Title
Function
The following parameters are used by a number of drivers.
Node_Name
Legal Values
Up to 32 alphanumeric
characters
One of the Data Array names
from “Data Array” section
above
0 to maximum specified in
“Data Array” section above
Name of Node to fetch data from
Length of Map Descriptor. If a request length
is too large the DNP 3.0 driver will produce a
Length
message and a panic. The maximum length
is a function of the data object and data
variation.
Address
Starting address of data element to be read
The following parameters apply only to the DNP 3.0 Driver
Corresponds to the Data Object Types defined
DnpDataType in the DNP data object Library. Additional
information is provided in Appendix A.9
Corresponds to the Data Object Variant
defined in the DNP data object Library. Enter
DnpDataVari
as decimal number. Additional information is
provided in Appendix A.9
Used to tell driver which Suffield of the object
to map to/from the FieldServer Data Array.
DnpSubType*
Additional information is provided in Appendix
A.10
DnpFlagBit*
Not Used.
DnpQualifier*
This parameter is only required if you need to
over-ride the default qualifier used by the DNP
3.0 driver. Refer to Appendix A.11
DnpFunction*
This parameter is only required if you need to
over-ride the default function used by the DNP
3.0 driver. Refer to Appendix A.10
Legal Values
A Node Name specified in
“Client Node Descriptor”.
Special Map Descriptors are
discussed
in
Error!
Reference
source
not
found..
1 – 1000
0, 1 , 2 etc
1, 2, 10, 12, 30, 31, 32, 33,
40, 41, 20, 22, 23, 50, 51, 52,
60, 80 - decimal numbers
0, 1,2,3 etc
Legal values are determined
by the value of dnpDataType.
Value, flags, time1, time2,
combo
Zero, 1, 6, 7, 8, 17h hexadecimal values. For
qualifier 17h specify the
value of dnpQualifier as 17 in
the Map Descriptor.
For
Qualifier zero use the string
“zero”
Legal DNP function codes.
Correspond to the function
code required on vendor’s
implementation table.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Column Title
DnpAssociate*
DnpMultiMsg*
4.4.3.
Page 11 of 51
Function
When class data is requested the DNP device
responds with data of multiple types and
variations in one message.
One Map
Descriptor is used per data type - this
parameter is used to link these Map
Descriptors.
This parameter is used to produce a single
message with a request for multiple object
types. Assign positive whole numbers to
associate Map Descriptors for this purpose. All
Map Descriptors whose dnpMultiMsg values
are equal will be requested in a single poll.
Ensure only one is active (rdbc for example)
and all the others have the function set to
'Server'. Refer also to Appendix A.20
Legal Values
Non-zero positive integers.
0, positive whole numbers.
By default Map Descriptors
are not associated with each
other. The default value of
zero ensures no association.
Timing Parameters
Column Title
Scan_Interval
Function
Rate at which data is polled
Legal Values
>0.1s
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Map Descriptor Example 1 – Simple Read.
Page 12 of 51
The value of the
first analog input
read will be placed
in position 20 of
the data table (the
st
21 element of the
table.)
The results of the
read are placed in
this data array.
,Function
,Rdbc
,Address
,20
,Length
,10
Read Analog Inputs in
the slave device starting
at input index 20.
Vendor documentation
will tell you the indices of
the inputs you are
interested in.
,Node_Name
,Node_A
This is the name of the node that we
are reading. This name must connect
to a node definition in the CSV file
which will contain the address of the
device being read and this in turn
should connect to a port definition
though which the FieldServer will
communicate with the DNP device.
This Map
Descriptor will
perform a read of
the DNP device
and the read will
be performed
continuously.
,Data_Array_Offset
,20
,Scan_Interval
,5
,dnpDataVari
,1
Read 10 elements.
Every 5 seconds.
DNP Object Type is
Analog Input
DNP Object
Variation is 16
Bit Analog Input
,dnpDataType
,30
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Any useful name.
Duplicates are
allowed but may
make some of the
validation
messages less
meaningful.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI3
Client Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
A1
//
In this example we read 10 Analog Inputs from a DNP device. The request is with respect to inputs 20 to 29 and we will place the results of the
read in the data array called DA_AI3 in positions 20 to 29. In this example the dnpSubType is not specified so the driver will report the value of
the object.
4.4.4.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,20
DNP Object Variation is
16 Bit Analog Input
,Function
,Rdbc
,Function
,Rdbc
,Passive
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Address
,20
,20
,Length
,10
,10
Only one Map Descriptor need be active. The
active Map Descriptor generates the poll. Both
the active and passive Map Descriptors are
used to process the response.
,Data_Array_Offset
,20
,20
,dnpDataVari
,1
,Scan_Interval
,5
,5
,dnpSubType
,Value
,Flags
,dnpSubType
F,lags
,dnpAsscoiate
,1
,1
The common value for dnpAssociate
ties these two Map Descriptors
together and tells the driver to use
them both to process the response
data.
,dnpDataType
,30
,30
,dnpDataVari
,1
,1
Not all objects have these sub-fields.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
The status data is
placed into a different
array from the value
data.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI3
,DA_AI3STAT
Client Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
A1
A2
//
,dnpDataType
,30
Tells the driver to write the status byte to the data
array, ignoring the value of the object being read.
You can use value / time1 / time2 / flags / combo as
legal values for this parameter. The default is value.
,Length
,10
Map Descriptor Example 3 – Simple Read Extract Value & Status
DNP Object Type is
Analog Input
,Data_Array_Offset
,20
In this example we extract both the value and the status using two Map Descriptors.
4.4.6.
The results of the
read are placed in
this data array.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI3STAT
Client Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
A1
//
,Scan_Interval
,5
Map Descriptor Example 2 – Simple Read – Extract the Quality/Status
Page 13 of 51
In this example the status data rather than the input values are written to the data array specified.
4.4.5.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Map Descriptor Example 4 – Reading Class Data
Page 14 of 51
,Scan_Interval
,3.0s
,3.0s
,3.0s
,3.0s
,3.0s
,3.0s
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Class1-di
Class1-do
Class1-co
Class1-ai-1
Class1-ai-2
Class1-ai-3
,Data_Array_Name
,CL_1
,CL_2
,CL_3
,CL_4
,CL_5
,CL_6
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_A3
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Function
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Function
,Rdbc
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Node_A
, Node_A
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Length
,156
,9
,39
,100
,100
,100
,Length
,100
,dnpSubType
,value
,value
,value
,value
,value
,value
,dnpSubType
,value
,dnpDataType
,1
,10
,20
,30
,30
,30
,dnpDataType
,60
,dnpDataVari
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,dnpDataVari
,1
,dnpAssociate
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,dnpQualifier
,6
,dnpAssociate
,1
Map Descriptor Example 5 – Read an unknown quantity of points (Qualifier 6)
The common value for dnpAssociate ties these Map
Descriptors together and tells the driver to use them both to
process the response data.
,Address
,0
,0
,0
,0
,100
,200
,Address
,0
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Function
,Rdbc
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,Length
,100
,Scan_Interval
,5.0s
,dnpDataVari
,1
,DnpQualifier
,6
The Qualifier of 6 tells the driver
to request all data objects.
,dnpDataType
,30
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Enough space has been reserved for 100 objects. If the response contains more then
there will be an error.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI
Client Side Map Descriptors
Map-Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
ReadAll_AI’s
//
In this example the qualifier has been set to 6. This is the qualifier the protocol uses to request all possible points of a particular object type and
variation. Ensure that there is sufficient length to store all possible data.
4.4.8.
These Map Descriptors process the data that the device returns. If more
data is returned that you have defined Map Descriptors for then it will be
abandoned.
,Scan_Interval
,13.0s
// Class 1 Data
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Class1-Data
This Map Descriptor requests class 1 data from the DNP device.
In this example we read class data. A class is a structure of different data types and variations. Vendors group data into classes based on the
relationships and importance of the data. In this example you will see that only one of the Map Descriptors is active – the class data read. The
remaining passive Map Descriptors are used to process the response from the class data read. The response may consist of a number of data
object types and variations and is dependent on the vendor’s implementation of DNP. Some vendors allow users to configure what objects
constitute a class.
4.4.7.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
,timeout
,5.0s
Map Descriptor Example 6 – Read an unknown variation
Page 15 of 51
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,Length
,100
,Scan_Interval
,5.0s
,dnpDataType
,30
With the variation set to zero the remote device will respond
with its default variation.
,Function
,Rdbc
,dnpDataVari
,0
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI
Client Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
ReadAll_AI’s
//
,DnpQualifier
,6
If the DNP device does not document the object type variation that it serves, set the variation to zero. The remote device will respond with its
default variation. The problem is that the response cannot be stored using this Map Descriptor because the response will have its variation nonzero. Thus you would need to make a Server Map Descriptor for each possible variation. A better strategy is to experiment. Use the single Map
Descriptor below, wait for the error and then modify the CSV based on information found in the error message.
4.4.9.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
5.
Page 16 of 51
Configuring the FieldServer as a DNP 3.0 Driver Server
For a detailed discussion on FieldServer configuration, please refer to the FieldServer Configuration
Manual. The information that follows describes how to expand upon the factory defaults provided in the
configuration files included with the FieldServer (See “.csv” files provided with the FieldServer.)
This section documents and describes the parameters necessary for configuring the FieldServer to
communicate with a DNP 3.0 Driver Client.
The configuration file tells the FieldServer about its interfaces, and the routing of data required. In order
to enable the FieldServer for DNP 3.0 Driver communications, the driver independent FieldServer buffers
need to be declared in the “Data Arrays” section, the FieldServer virtual node(s) needs to be declared in
the “Server Side Nodes” section, and the data to be provided to the Clients needs to be mapped in the
“Server Side Map Descriptors” section. Details on how to do this can be found below.
Note that in the tables, * indicates an optional parameter, with the bold legal value being the default.
5.1.
Server Side Connection Descriptors
Section Title
Connections
Column Title
Port
Function
Specify which port the device is connected to the
FieldServer
Legal Values
P1-P8, R1-R2
110 – 115200, standard baud
rates only
Even, Odd, None, Mark, Space
7, 8
Baud*
Specify baud rate
Parity*
Data_Bits*
Specify parity
Specify data bits
Stop_Bits*
Specify stop bits
1
Protocol
Specify protocol used
Specify hardware handshaking
DNP
None
Handshaking*
2
Example
//
Server Side Connections
Connections
Port
P8
,Baud
,9600
,Parity
,None
,Protocol
,DNP
,Handshaking
,None
2
Not all ports shown are necessarily supported by the hardware. Consult the appropriate Instruction
manual for details of the ports available on specific hardware.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
5.2.
Page 17 of 51
Server Side Node Descriptors
Section Title
Nodes
Column Title
Function
Node_Name
Provide name for node
Node_ID
Protocol
DNP 3.0 station address of physical Server node
Specify protocol used
This parameter can be specified to configure the
Server to serve changed data only. Refer to
Example 5.3.8 for more information.
The name of a Data Array that has previously
been defined in the configuration in the Data
Arrays section.
Refer to Error! Reference
source not found..
Class_Data_Serving_Ctr*l
Server_II_Array
Legal Values
Up
to
32
alphanumeric
characters
0-65535
DNP
Class0;
Class1;
Class2;
Class3;
Static
Max 15 characters
Example
//
Server Side Nodes
Nodes
Node_Name
FieldServer
5.3.
,Node_ID
,11
,Protocol
,DNP
Server Side Map Descriptors
5.3.1.
FieldServer Specific Map Descriptor Parameters
Column Title
Map_Descriptor_Name
Data_Array_Name
Data_Array_Offset
Function
Function
Name of this Map
Descriptor
Name of Data Array
where data is to be
stored in the
FieldServer
Starting location in Data
Array
Function of Client Map
Descriptor
Legal Values
Up to 32 alphanumeric characters
One of the Data Array names from “Data
Array” section above
0 to maximum specified in “Data Array”
section above
Generally for Server side nodes you will
use the PASSIVE function. The WRBX
function may be used to generate
unsolicited messages.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
5.3.2.
Driver Specific Map Descriptor Parameters
Column Title
Node_Name
Page 18 of 51
Function
Name of Node to fetch data from
Length of Map Descriptor. If a request length
is too large the DNP 3.0 driver will produce a
Length
message and a panic. The maximum length
is a function of the data object and data
variation being processed.
Address
Starting address of data element to be read
The following parameters apply only to the DNP 3.0 Driver
Corresponds to the Data Object Types defined
DnpDataType in the DNP data object Library. Enter as
decimal number. Refer to Appendix A.9
Corresponds to the Data Object Variant
defined in the DNP data object Library. Enter
as decimal number.
DnpDataVari
When configured as a Server the driver can
respond to requests for the so called ‘Default’
variation. These are polls where the variation
is zero.
To configure the driver to be able to respond
to requests for the default variation then you
must create a MapDesc where the
DNPDataVari=0.
DnpQualifier*
DnpMultiMsg
5.3.3.
Legal Values
A Node Name specified in
“Client
Node
Descriptor”.
Special
Map
Descriptor’s
used by the DNP 3.0 Driver
are discussed in Error!
Reference
source
not
found..
1 – 1000
0, 1 , 2 etc
1, 2, 10, 12, 30, 31, 32, 33,
40, 41, 20, 22, 23, 50,51, 52,
60, 80
0,1,2,3 etc
Legal values are determined
by the value of dnpDataType.
Additional information is
provided in Appendix A.9
Note that the driver considers variation=1 as
the default in most case.
This parameter is ignored by the driver acting
as a Server. The qualifier of the incoming poll
is used to form the response. If the poll
qualifier is not supported by the driver’s
response function then the driver responds
with Qualifier 1. The response function
supports the following qualifiers;
0,1,6,7,8,17,28,
Simply ensure that that there is a Server MD
for each object requested. No special actions
are required to configure the Server to
respond to requests for multiple object types.
Refer to Appendix A.20 for more information.
Timing Parameters
Column Title
Function
Scada_Hold_Timeout
Time Server side waits before notifying Client that node is
offline on FieldServer Client side.
Legal
Values
>1.0s
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Map Descriptor Example 1 – Discrete Data.
Page 19 of 51
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,0
This Map Descriptor will be
used to process any poll
whose objects match and
whose addresses fall inside
the address and length
range specified by this Map
Descriptor.
,Function
,Passive
Map Descriptor Example 2 – Class Data
This Map Descriptor can
respond to a read/write poll
from a remote DNP device.
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Length
,10
,dnpDataType
,1
,dnpDataVari
,1
This is Map Descriptor will process
commands for a DNP Object Type 1
variation 1 Map Descriptor i.e. binary
input.
,Scada_Hold_Timeout
,5
,Function
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,0
,0
The dnpAssoc field forms the association
between these Map Descriptors.
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,0
,0
,Length
,1
,10
,2
,dnpDataType
,60
,1
,30
,dnpDataVari
,0
,1
,1
’ServeClass0Data’ defines the
Map Descriptor used to respond to
request for Class 0 Data.
(Type=60 vari=0).
,DnpAssoc
,1
,1
,1
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
These are Server Map
Descriptors
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_Dummy
,DA_DI
,DA_AI
Server Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
ServeClass0Data
ServeClass0Data_DI
ServeClass0Data_AI
//
Class data is a composite set of data comprising data points from different data types. In this example the Map Descriptors have been created to
serve class 0 data. Map Descriptors associated with the Class 0 Map Descriptor tell the driver which data to serve as the class data. When a
request is received it is matched against a Class Map Descriptor. If a matching Map Descriptor is found the driver builds a response using the data
requested in the associated Map Descriptors. In this example 10 Digital Inputs and 2 Analog Inputs will be served as the response.
5.3.5.
The DNP 3.0
driver will use data
from this array to
form the response.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_DI1
Server Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
A1
//
In this example the following Map Descriptor will be used allow a remote device to request discrete input data.
5.3.4.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Map Descriptor Example 3 – Class Data (another example)
Page 20 of 51
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI_01
,DA_DI_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
,DA_PB_01
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Class_0_Analogs
Class_0_Discs_1
Class_0_Discs_2
Class_0_Discs_3
Class_0_Discs_4
Class_0_Discs_5
Class_0_Discs_6
Class_0_Discs_7
Class_0_Discs_8
Class_0_Discs_9
Class_0_Discs_10
Class_0_Discs_11
Class_0_Discs_12
Class_0_Discs_13
Class_0_Discs_14
Class_0_Discs_15
Class_0_Discs_16
Class_0_Discs_17
Class_0_Discs_18
Class_0_Discs_19
Class_0_Discs_20
,Data_Array_Location
,0
,0
,5
,7
,9
,11
,13
,15
,17
,27
,29
,41
,43
,45
,48
,49
,51
,53
,55
,61
,63
,Data_Array_Location
,0
,Function
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Passive
,Function
,Server
,Node_Name
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,RTU
,Node_Name
,RTU
,Address
,1
,1
,4
,5
,6
,7
,8
,9
,10
,11
,12
,13
,14
,15
,16
,17
,18
,19
,20
,23
,24
,Address
,0
,Length
,16
,3
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,Length
,1
,DNPDataType
,32
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,2
,DNPDataType
,60
,DNPDataVari
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,DNPDataVari
,0
,DNPAssociate
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,DNPAssociate
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_DUMMY
Server Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Class_0_Data
//
,dnpIndexStyle
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
In this example the Server responds with a number of non-consecutive binary points. All will work fine except when the Client polls for this data
with qualifier 7. The default response will be qualifier 7 with implied index style 0. The problem is that qualifier 7 tells the Client the number of
objects in the packet, but they are all assumed to be addressed sequentially from address 0. When the data is served, the Client will unpack each
portion, thinking that the address is zero for each portion and hence the data will be overwritten. To prevent this add the dnpIndexStyle parameter
with a value of 1 to force the Server to prefix each point of data with the address of the point and thus allow the Client to unpack the data correctly.
All this can be avoided by having the Client poll for data with a qualifier of 1.
5.3.6.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Map Descriptor Example 4 – Default Variation (Variation zero)
Page 21 of 51
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,0
,Function
,Server
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,0
,Length
,10
,2
,DnpAssoc
,1
,1
,dnpDataType
,1
,30
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
With Data Objects of variation 1 defined the Server can respond to requests for variation zero.
Such requests are polls for the default variation. The default is 1 for this driver.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_DI
,DA_AI
Server Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
ServeData_DI
ServeData_AI
//
,dnpDataVari
,1
,1
If a remote Client polls for data of a particular type and the variation is set to zero then the request is for the Server’s default variation. For the
FieldServer, the default variation is always 1. This means that requests for variation zero will fail unless the Server contains a Map Descriptor
where the variation is 1.
5.3.7.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Map Descriptor Example 5 - Class_Data_Serving_Ctrl
Page 22 of 51
,Node_ID
,1
,Protocol
,DNP
,Class_Data_Serving_Ctrl
,Class0
Port
,R1
,Data_Array_Name
,Class_DA0
,Bin_Inputs
,Ana_Inputs
,Class_DA1
,Bin_Inputs
,Ana_Inputs
,Class_DA2
,Bin_Inputs
,Class_DA3
,Ana_Inputs
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,Function
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Address
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,0
,Length
,1
,20
,7
,1
,20
,7
,1
,20
,1
,7
,dnpDataType
,60
,2
,32
,60
,1
,30
,60
,1
,60
,30
,dnpDataVari
,1
,2
,4
,2
,1
,1
,3
,1
,4
,1
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Class_0
Class_0_Bin
Class_0_Ana
Class_1
Class_1_Bin
Class_1_Ana
Class_2
Class_2_Bin
Class_3
Class_3_Ana
,dnpAssociate
,1
,1
,1
,2
,2
,2
,3
,3
,4
,4
The Class Map Descriptor is a dummy, used only to match an incoming request and find “Associated” Map Descriptor's which define the
composite data set that must be served in the response
// Server Side Nodes
Node_Name
Node_DNP3
When the data is served the objects may be non-consecutive since the Server serves only ‘changed’ data. In such cases the Server may change
the qualifier of the response from the default or configured qualifier because the points being served in the response may not be sequential.
Qualifier 17 will be used.
In this example Class 0 has been configured to serve changed data only. The parameter ‘Class_Data_Serving_Ctrl’ has been allocated a value of
‘Class0’. All other classes will serve the complete set of data objects that define the class. When Class 0 data is requested the driver will do the
following:
• Check each data object that forms the class to see whether it has been updated by the downstream protocol.
• If it has been updated since it was last served then its value is checked against the data objects subscription ‘COV_DeadBand’.
• If the value has changed by at least that much then the data object is served. If a subscription has not been defined for the point then it will
not be served.
If the parameter is not specified or the value is specified as static then all data objects are served, irrespective of whether they have changed or
not.
To configure the Server to serve changed data only, specify this parameter for the node of interest. If the parameter value = Classx and Classx
data is requested by the remote client, the driver will use the subscriptions configured for the data objects that constitute the class to determine
which data objects should be served and will only serve them if they have been changed and the change meets the subscription requirements.
5.3.8.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Ana_Inputs
Ana_Inputs
Ana_Inputs
Ana_Inputs
Ana_Inputs
Ana_Inputs
Ana_Inputs
Subscriptions
Data_Array_Name
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
Bin_Inputs
,Node_Name
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,Node_DNP3
,COV_Deadband
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1
,1.0
,1.0
,25.0
,65.0
,25.0
,25.0
,20.0
Temperature
Neutral Amps RMS
Neutral Amps
Capacitor Bank Delta Volts - Not reported
Line Volts - delay is 2.5 volts, scaling is div10
Operations today – not reported
Total Close Operations
Page 23 of 51
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,1
,2
,3
,4
,5
,6
,7
,8
,9
,10
,11
,12
,13
,14
,15
,16
,17
,18
,19
,0
,1
,2
,3
,4
,5
,6
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Map Descriptor Example 5 – Serving Objects which have a time field
Page 24 of 51
,Function
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_A
Map Descriptor Example 6 – Unsolicited Messages
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Address
,0
,Length
,100
,dnpDataType
,31
,dnpDataVari
,3
,DA_Byte_Name
,DA_AI_TIMES
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,Length
,100
,dnpDataType
,30
,dnpDataVari
,0
,DnpFunction
,130
The function 30 tells the driver to send the message as
an unsolicited message.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Example: 1095135207 == Aprox Sept 14th 2004
This is how you specify the Data Array that will contain the time (in seconds). The driver uses the value found at the offset specified by
Data_Array_Offset. You should use a Data Array whose format is UINT32 as only that format provides sufficient precision to store the big
numbers required to specify the number of seconds since Jan 1, 1970.
,Function
,Wrbx
,COV_Deadband
,1
,1
,2.0
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI
Client Side Map Descriptors
,Data_Array_Offset
,1
,3
,0
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
EventMsg1
//
Subscriptions
Data_Array_Name
DA_Class0_bin
DA_Class0_bin
DA_Class0_ana
A driver configured as an active Server can send unsolicited messages (not responses to a poll) to a remote Client when data changes.
In this example, 100 elements of the Data Array called DA_AI are monitored. If the data in any one of these elements is updated (even if the value
doesn’t change) then the driver generates a once off write message to the remote node called Node_A.
5.3.10.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_AI
Server Side Map Descriptors
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Serve_FrozenAI_vari3
//
Some Data Objects have a time field associated with them, e.g. Frozen Analog Input with Time of Freeze (Object = 31, Variation 3). When this
object is served the Server must provide the value of the frozen input as well as the time of the freeze. The driver extracts the object’s value from
the Primary Data Array. The object’s time is extracted from a secondary Data Array. If a secondary Data Array is not specified, the driver serves
the current FieldServer time in UTC (Universal Coordinated Time). If a secondary Data Array is specified, the driver extracts the value and
multiplies it by 1000 before serving it. Thus the Secondary Data Array is assumed to contain the number of seconds since Jan 1 1970 and not the
number of milliseconds.
5.3.9.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
5.4.
Page 25 of 51
Server Side Limitations
The DNP 3.0 Server can only parse a single poll per message. This means that a single message
cannot contain more than one read request - You cannot read two different objects types/variations in
a single read request. The same limitation applies to write commands sent the Server.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Page 26 of 51
Appendix A. Advanced Topics
Appendix A.1.
DNP 3.0 Protocol.
The DNP 3.0 protocol is complex and not all the features are implemented by this driver.
• The application layer performs a large set of potential functions, each of which can request its
own app layer confirmation transaction and many of which include a separate response
transaction.
• The app layer messages are wrapped and unwrapped by the data link layer which can ask for
DLL layer ack's and confirmations.
• The protocol provides for unsolicited messages.
• The protocol defines and allows a huge set of data object & variations to be handled.
• Not all DNP devices (slaves) provide all functions, data objects....
Appendix A.2.
DNP Driver Functionality
The DNP master driver has been developed to provide the functionality a FieldServer Technologies
Client requires in communicating with a DNP slave device as well as additional functionality and data
object handling. The DNP master driver is to be considered as DNP Subset Level 1 implementation
as defined in DNP V3.00 Subset Definitions Doc Number P009-0IG.SUB
The DNP slave driver has been developed to test the master driver and may NOT be considered a
DNP slave driver as defined in the DNP subset definitions.
Appendix A.3.
DNP Objects mapped to FieldServer Data Arrays
DNP objects consist of values and additional information such as quality, control and status bits as
well as time information.
The DNP driver allows this additional data to be extracted and mapped into the indicated data array.
For example, the DNP master driver can read 10 analog inputs with status flags and put the 10
values in consecutive order in one data array and the 10 status bytes in another data array.
Control of this functionality is achieved by setting up the CSV file correctly. If not specified the DNP
driver extracts data values and discards the additional data.
Appendix A.4.
Channel Idle, Master & Slave Idle.
The following notes describe the internal architecture of the driver and do not affect the way that the
driver is used or configured.
The Driver is implemented using the channel idle. The channel idle function is called in the master
mux but must be regarded as processing the channel (independently of the master or slave).
Chan Idle
Slave Idle
• processes all incoming bytes,
• looks for complete messages,
• From a DLL layer point of view parses the message and responds
• Signals the master or slave app layer that there is an coming message
• Signals master if there is an app layer response
• Signals slave if there is an app layer request(read/write) or unsolicited message.
• Looks for master or slave app layer signals to process an outgoing message
Maintains a list of nodes & node status (in terms of link reset)
• Looks for signals from chan idle that a message has been received
• Parses message from an app layer point of view.
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FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Master Idle
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Appendix A.5.
Page 27 of 51
If required sets flags for
Map Descriptor matching,
fetch/store function calls
and/or response function call
Signals Chan idle the outgoing app layer message needs to be processed.
Looks for signals from chan idle that a message has been received
Processes Map Descriptors and forms read/write messages
Signals Chan idle the outgoing app layer message needs to be processed.
DLL Layer Functionality in the Master
The DNP Primer provided by dnp.org describes the DLL layer requests for confirmation as optional
and suggests that it is not often employed. Our driver never asks for DLL layer confirmations. Thus
the DLL layer functions as a mere wrapper/unwrapper layer. It wraps user data with a header and
CRC's but does not perform node-node confirmations.
The only DLL layer functions which have been implemented are send and respond with user data and
link reset. The slave DNP driver will not respond until a link reset has been performed. The DNP
master driver sends a Link Reset request when a Map Descriptor requests data from an un-reset
node. The link resetting is performed on a node-node link.
Appendix A.6.
App Layer Functionality in the Master
The App layer provides over 40 app layer functions, confirmations and responses and allows for
handling of a huge number of data objects.
App
Layer
Functions
Internal
Indications
App
Layer
Qualifier
App
Layer
Confirmation
1. Read
2. Write
3. Select
4. Operate
6. Direct Operate with no Ack (limited)
8. Direct Freeze with no Ack (limited)
129. Response
130. Unsolicited. (Slave Driver can parse these messages.)
The Slave indicates its internal state by appending internal indication bytes to the
app layer header of each response. Thus it can report that it is faulty, corrupted or
unable to process the request. If it can’t find a matching Map Descriptor it sets the
internal indication bit used to indicate that the data object parameters specified
cannot be parsed.
You can configure a Server node to respond with the internal indications bytes that
are extracted from a Data Array allowing you to control them. For more
information, refer to Error! Reference source not found..
The app layer contains a Qualifier Byte used to control indexing for data objects.
The DNP 3.0 Driver only handles Qualifiers 00, 01, 07, 08, 17, 28. Qualifier 6 is
supported with limitations.
The DNP 3.0 (master) Driver never asks for an App Layer Confirmation. The DNP
3.0 Slave Driver is capable of responding to an app layer request for confirmation
(to allow it to process an unsolicited message which may ask for confirmation.)
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Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Appendix A.7.
Page 28 of 51
Internal Indications, Object 80 and DNP_II
The driver can store the Internal Indications Bits found in incoming messages and it is possible to
control the values of the internal indication bytes sent in responses. In addition, the driver can be
configured to respond to the Poll for Object 80 (Internal Indications)
Incoming Internal Indications Bytes
A.7.1.
This driver can expose data from the most recently consumed message and additional diagnostic
information using a special Map Descriptor called “DNP_ii” (DNP Internal Indications)
The following example shows the configuration of this Map Descriptor.
Descriptors may be configured per FieldServer.
Only one of these Map
Nodes
Node_Name
Null_Node
,Protocol
,DNP
Data_Arrays
Data_Array_Name
DNP_DIAG
,Data_Format
,UINT32
,Data_Array_Length
,100
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
dnp-ii
,Data_Array_Name,
,DNP_DIAG
,
,Node_Name
,Null_Node
The following data is stored in the Data Array DNP_DIAG.
Array
Element
0
1
Contents
The first byte of the Internal indication reported by a DNP device as found in the most
recently received message.
Only messages complete enough to warrant parsing will cause this item to be
updated.
DNP devices only contain internal indication bytes when the message is an application
layer response type message. Typically this includes all responses to data
queries/writes as well as unsolicited messages.
nd
The 2 byte of the response internal indication.
Bit zero is the least significant bit.
A one (1) in the bit position indicates the described state.
Bit
#
Bit
0
Bit
1
Explanation
First Byte
All stations message received
Set when a request is received with the destination address of the all stations address (ffff
hexadecimal).
Cleared after next response (even if response to global request is required)
Used to let the master station know that a Broadcasted message was received by this station.
Class 1 data available
Set when data that has been configured as Class 1 data is ready to be sent to the master
Master station should request this class data from the Outstation when this bit is set in a
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FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Bit
#
Bit
2
Bit
3
Bit
4
Bit
5
Bit
6
Bit
7
Bit
0
Bit
1
Bit
2
Bit
3
Page 29 of 51
Explanation
response
Class 2 data available
Set when data that has been configured as Class 2 data is ready to be sent to the master
Master station should request this class data from the Outstation when this bit is set in a
response
Class 3 data available
Set when data that has been configured as Class 3 data is ready to be sent to the master
Master station should request this class data from the Outstation when this bit is set in a
response
Time-synchronization required from the master. The master synchronizes the time by writing
the Time and Date object to the Outstation.
Cleared when the time is set by the master. This bit is also cleared when the master explicitly
writes a 0 into this bit of the Internal Indication object of the Outstation.
Set when some or all of the Outstation's digital output points are in the Local state. That is,
the Outstation's control outputs are NOT accessible through the DNP protocol.
Clear when the Outstation is in the Remote state. That is, the Outstation's control outputs are
accessible through the DNP protocol.
Device trouble
Set when an abnormal condition exists at the Outstation. The device profile for a given device
states the conditions that affect this bit.
This should only be used when the state can not be described by a combination of one or
more of the other IIN bits.
Device restart
Set when the user application at the Outstation restarts.
Cleared when the master explicitly Writes a 0 into this bit of the Internal Indications object in
the Outstation.
Second Byte
Function code not implemented
Requested object(s) unknown. The Outstation does not have the specified objects or there
are no objects assigned to the requested class. This indication should be used for debugging
purposes and usually indicates a mismatch in device profiles or configuration problems.
Parameters in the qualifier, range or data fields are not valid or out of range. This is a catch-all
for application request formatting errors. This indication should be used for debugging
purposes and usually indicates configuration problems.
Event buffer(s), or other application buffers have overflowed. For example, COS/SOE buffers
have overflowed. The master should attempt to recover as much data as possible and
indicate to the user that their may be lost data. The appropriate error recovery procedures
should be initiated by the user.
Bit
4
Request understood but requested operation is already executing.
Bit
5
Set to indicate that the current configuration in the Outstation is corrupt and that the master
application layer should inform the user of this exception. The master may download another
configuration to the Outstation. Note that sometimes a corrupt configuration will disable an
Outstation, making it impossible to communicate this condition to a master station.
Bit
6
Bit
7
Reserved for use by agreement, currently always returned as zero (0).
Reserved for use by agreement, currently always returned as zero (0).
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A.7.2.
Page 30 of 51
Internal Indications reported in Responses
The Internal Indications (IIN) field is a two-octet field that follows the function code in all
responses. When a request cannot be processed due to formatting errors or unavailable data,
the IIN is always returned with the appropriate bits set.
A.7.3.
Server_II_Array
This parameter only applies to Server/responding nodes.
If specified the driver validates that the Data Array exists. If it doesn’t then Error 78 is printed.
st
The driver uses the 1 two elements to form the Internal Indications bytes of all normal responses
(responses where the driver is able to respond to the poll). The driver does not modify these
bytes when building the response but sends the values exactly as found in the Data Array.
If a poll for unknown and/or unsupported objects/devices is received, the driver builds the internal
indications bytes itself. They cannot be controlled using this parameter.
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Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
Responses to Polls for Object 80 (Internal Indications)
Page 31 of 51
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
MMBa1
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_80
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,Function
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,Length
,10
,dnpSubType
,value
,dnpDataType
,80
,dnpDataVari
,1
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,Scan_Interval
,0.5s
,dnpQualifier
,Zero
Example: This map descriptor responds with 2 bytes of data. 10 bits of the two bytes are extracted from the DA_80 and 6 of them are
padded with a state of zero to make a whole number of bits. The driver extracts the bits from consecutive elements of the Data Array.
Thus with a length of 10, the driver looks in 10 consecutive elements of the Data Array.
The length of the Map Descriptor determines the number of bits in the response and hence the number of bytes. A whole number of bytes
is always sent so if configured with a length that isn’t a multiple of 8 then the driver appends extra zero-state bits to form a whole number
of bytes.
If a remote client polls for object 80 then the FieldServer needs to be configured with an object 80 Server Map Descriptor.
A.7.4.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Appendix A.8.
Page 32 of 51
DNP_Stats
In addition to the standard FieldServer communication statistics described in the FieldServer
Configuration Manual the DNP 3.0 Driver can expose some driver statistics by writing to a data array
called “DNP_STATS”
The following example shows how this special Map Descriptor can be configured. Only one of these
Map Descriptors may be specified per FieldServer.
Nodes
Node_Name
Null_Node
,Protocol
,DNP
,Node_ID
,100
Data_Arrays
Data_Array_Name
DNP_STATS
,Data_Format
,UINT32
,Data_Array_Length
,100
Map_Descriptors,
Map_Descriptor_Name
dnp-stats
,Data_Array_Name,
,DNP_STATS,
,Node_Name
,Null_Node
The driver stores the following data in the data array EGD_STATS.
Array
Element
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
Contents
DRV_DLL_CLIENT_SENDS_MSG
DRV_DLL_CLIENT_SENDS_BYTES
DRV_DLL_SERVER_SENDS_MSG
DRV_DLL_SERVER_SENDS_BYTES
DRV_DLL_CLIENT_RCVS_MSG
DRV_DLL_CLIENT_RCVS_BYTES
DRV_DLL_SERVER_RCVS_MSG
DRV_DLL_SERVER_RCVS_BYTES
DNP_UPD_TMO
DNP_UPD_PROTO
DNP_UPD_NOISE
DNP_UPD_CHECK
DNP_UPD_STATION
DNP_UPD_LENGTH
DNP_UPD_EXCEPT
DNP_UPD_STREAMING
DNP_UPD_FUNCTION
DNP_UPD_PREMATURE
DNP_UPD_IC_TIMEOUT
DNP_UPD_NAK
DNP_UPD_OVERRUN
DNP_UPD_HOLD_TIMEOUTS
DNP_UPD_NODE_OFFLINE
DNP_UPD_NO_SLAVE
DNP_UPD_NO_START
DNP_UPD_SCADA_BYTES_RECD
DNP_UPD_SCADA_BYTES_SENT
DNP_UPD_SCADA_MSG_SENT
DNP_UPD_SCADA_MSG_RECD
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FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Array
Element
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
Page 33 of 51
Contents
DNP_NOT_OK
DNP_UPD_RESET_RQD
DNP_UPD_CANT_RESET
DNP_UPD_NO_NODES
DNP_UPD_RESET_FAILED
DNP_UPD_MAST_DEBUG_MSG
DNP_UPD_MAST_PARSE_ERR
DNP_UPD_SLAVE_PARSE_ERR
DNP_UPD_MAPD_TOO_SHORT
3
DNP_UPD_TOO_MANY_BYTES
DNP_DIAGNOTIC_GENERATOR
DNP_UPD_LINK_RESET_DONE
DNP_UPD_LINK_RESET_DONE_BY_MST
Increments once each time a link reset ack is sent by a master
DNP_UPD_LINK_RESET_DONE_BY_SRV
Increments once each time a link reset ack is sent by a slave.
DNP_UPD_LINK_STATUS_STATE
Result of most recent link status poll are stored here. 1=Busy, 2=Available, 0=Not
Update
42
43
44
Appendix A.9.
DNP 3.0 Data Objects
The DNP 3.0 Driver acting as a Client will produce a single message fragment. A message fragment
may contain a maximum of 249 bytes, some of which constitute overhead. The DNP 3.0 driver will
panic if the message fragment is too long. Reduce the length and add another Map Descriptor to poll
additional items. This limitation does not apply when the DNP 3.0 driver processes a response from
a query as the driver can process multi fragment responses.
The list of data objects supported and the functions used to access the objects is defined on the
Driver Fact Sheet which may be obtained from FieldServer Technologies. The table is known as a
DNP 3.0 Implementation Table.
The table below lists the objects and variations that be used in the Map Descriptors. The DNP 3.0
Driver supports all the objects with some exceptions. The exceptions are noted by indicating the
revision number of the driver prior to them being supported or by indicating that the object is not
supported with the NS annotation.
Default Variations are designated with a *. Not all Data Types have a default variation. The default
variation will be returned when a Client polls for variation zero (default). Server configurations require
a Map Descriptor with variation zero to be defined in the CSV file before the driver can respond with
the default variation data.
Object
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
Variation.
0
*
1
2
0
1*
2
3
Ex
Description
Binary Input - All Variations
Binary Input
Binary Input with Status
Binary Input Change - All Variations
Binary Input Change without Time
Binary Input Change with Time
Binary Input Change with Relative Time
3
Increments by one each time a response message isn’t sent because the number of elements to
respond with requires too many bytes to fit in a message.
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Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Object
10
10
12
12
12
12
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
22
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
23
30
30
30
30
30
31
31
31
Variation.
1*
2
0
1*
2
3
0
1*
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0
1*
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
0
1*
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0
*
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0
1*
2
3
4
0
1*
3
Ex
NS
101a
NS
NS
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
Page 34 of 51
Description
Binary Output
Binary Output Status
Control Descriptor - All Variations
Control Relay Output Descriptor
Pattern Control Descriptor
Pattern Mask
Binary Counter - All Variations
32-Bit Binary Counter
16-Bit Binary Counter
32-Bit Delta Counter
16-Bit Binary Counter
32-Bit Binary Counter without Flag
16-Bit Binary Counter without Flag
32-Bit Delta Counter without Flag
16-Bit Delta Counter without Flag
Frozen Counter - All Variations
32-Bit Frozen Counter
16-Bit Frozen Counter
32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter
16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter
32-Bit Frozen Counter with Time of Freeze
16-Bit Frozen Counter with Time of Freeze
32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter with Time of Freeze
16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter with Time of Freeze
32-Bit Frozen Counter without Flag
16-Bit Frozen Counter without Flag
32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter without Flag
16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter without Flag
Counter Change Event - All Variations
32-Bit Counter Change Event without Time
16-Bit Counter Change Event without Time
32-Bit Delta Counter Change Event without Time
16-Bit Delta Counter Change Event without Time
32-Bit Counter Change Event with Time
16-Bit Counter Change Event with Time
32-Bit Delta Counter Change Event with Time
16-Bit Delta Counter Change Event with Time
Frozen Counter Event - All Variations
32-Bit Frozen Counter Event without Time
16-Bit Frozen Counter Event without Time
32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event without Time
16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event without Time
32-Bit Frozen Counter Event with Time
16-Bit Frozen Counter Event with Time
32-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event with Time
16-Bit Frozen Delta Counter Event with Time
Analog Input - All Variations
32-Bit Analog Input
16-Bit Analog Input
32-Bit Analog Input without Flag
16-Bit Analog Input without Flag
Frozen Analog Input - All Variations
32-Bit Frozen Analog Input
32-Bit Frozen Analog Input with Time of Freeze
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FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Object
31
31
31
32
32
32
32
32
33
33
33
33
33
40
40
40
41
41
41
50
50
50
51
51
51
52
52
52
60
60
60
60
60
70
80
81
82
83
83
90
100
100
100
101
101
101
4
Variation.
4
5
6
0
1
2
3
4
0
1*
2
3
4
0
1*
2
0
1
2
0
1*
2
0
*
1
2
0
1*
2
0
1*
2
3
4
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
3
1
2
3
Ex
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
101a
NS
1.03b4
4
1.03b
4
1.03b
Page 35 of 51
Description
16-Bit Frozen Analog Input with Time of Freeze
32-Bit Frozen Analog Input without Flag
16-Bit Frozen Analog Input without Flag
Analog Change Event - All Variations
32-Bit Analog Change Event without Time
16-Bit Analog Change Event without Time
32-Bit Analog Change Event with Time
16-Bit Analog Change Event with Time
Frozen Analog Event - All Variations
32-Bit Frozen Analog Event without Time
16-Bit Frozen Analog Event without Time
32-Bit Frozen Analog Event with Time
16-Bit Frozen Analog Event with Time
Analog Output Status - All Variations
32-Bit Analog Output Status
16-Bit Analog Output Status
Analog Output Descriptor - All Variations
32-Bit Analog Output Descriptor
16-Bit Analog Output Descriptor
Time and Date - All Variations
Time and Date
Time and Date with Interval
Time and Date CTO - All Variations
Time and Date CTO
Unsynchronized Time and Date CTO
Time Delay - All Variations
Time Delay Coarse
Time Delay Fine
Class 0 Data
Class 1 Data
Class 2 Data
Class 3 Data
NS
File Identifier
1.03iB Internal Indications
NS
Storage Object
NS
Device Profile
NS
Private Registration Object
NS
Private Registration Object Descriptor
NS
Application Identifier
NS
Short Floating Point
NS
Long Floating Point
NS
Extended Floating Point
NS
Small Packed Binary-Coded Decimal
NS
Medium Packed Binary-Coded Decimal
NS
Large Packed Binary-Coded Decimal
See notes in Appendix A.10 for function code 23.
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Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Page 36 of 51
Appendix A.10. Controlling the DNP 3.0 Driver’s Function Code
When a write Map Descriptor is found by the DNP 3.0 Driver it will use the DNP protocol’s write
function to write data to the DNP device. If the DNP device’s vendor requires that an alternative DNP
function be used, use the keyword dnpFunction in the Map Descriptor and specify the function that
the vendor requires (provided that it is in the list of functions implemented by this driver.)
Example: To set a Control Relay Output Descriptor’s state in a SEL-351A relay you cannot use a
write function. The vendor requires you use functions 3, 4, 5 or 6. Select the appropriate function and
specify it as the value of the dnpFunction parameter.
• In some cases the DNP 3.0 driver will change the default function automatically. This will be
reported in the error log.
• The dnpFunction parameters may have any legal DNP protocol function. The function must be
specified as a decimal value.
Function
Confirm
Read
Write
Select
Operate
Direct Operate
Direct Operation with no Ack
Immediate freeze
Immediate freeze with no Ack
Freeze Clear
Freeze Clear with no Ack
Freeze Time
Freeze Time with No Ack
Cold Restart
Warm Restart
Delay Measurement
Value for
dnpFunction
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
23
Client Supports
Server Supports
Yes
Yes
Yes
5
Yes
5
Yes
5
Yes
5
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
5
Yes
5
Yes
5
Yes
5
Yes
Limited*
Limited*
Yes
Yes
When the Function #23 (Delay Measurement) is used the following two notes apply:
1. When the driver is configured as a Client, the configuration must also specify the dnpDataType
parameter set to Object 52 (Time Delay Objects) and the dnpDataVari parameter to variation 2
(Time Delay Fine ). The driver reads the single object from the Server. The address parameter is
ignored.
2. When the driver is configured to serve a response to a poll with application function #23 then the
configuration must have a Server Map Descriptor with dnpDataType parameter set to Object 52
(Time Delay Objects) and dnpDataVari parameter set to variation 2 (Time Delay Fine ). The
address parameter is ignored as the poll is for a single object. The driver responds by serving
data from the Data Array element specified on the Server Map Descriptor – most DNP 3.0 RTU
st
devices respond by reporting the number of milliseconds between receiving the 1 bit of the poll
st
and sending the 1 bit of the response.
5
There are limitations to the Select and Operate Functionality.
information.
Refer to Appendix A.19 for more
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Page 37 of 51
Appendix A.11. Controlling the DNP 3.0 Driver’s Qualifier
The protocol uses a qualifier in the application layer part of a message to indicate how data must be
packed in the message. The DNP 3.0 Driver as a Client will default to use a Qualifier of 1. The
qualifier is used internally by the driver and is of no concern unless the DNP protocol has been
implemented to require the use of qualifiers other then 1. In this case it is possible to change the
driver’s default value by specifying the dnpQualifier parameter. For example, to address a Control
Relay Output Descriptor object in a Multlin 489 Generator management relay, the vendor data sheet
indicates that only qualifiers 17 and 28 may be used.
When the driver is configured as a Server then the dnpQualifier parameter specified in the CSV file is
not used. The qualifier of the requesting poll is used in interpreting the request and forming the
response. The driver accepts poll’s that have the DNP qualifier set to 6 which effectively requests the
Server to send back all objects of the type requested. The driver’s support for this qualifier is limited
by the length of the response message. The response must fit in one 255 byte message. The
number of objects contained in the response message (and hence the length of the response) is
controlled by the length parameter. We have found lengths in the upper range 10 to 30 successful.
As a Server, if configured to serve ‘changed’ data the driver may choose the qualifier itself as the data
object may be non sequential. See 5.3.8.
Appendix A.12. FieldServer DNP Node Number
The FieldServer’s DNP node number is set in the CSV file. In the following example the node is set to
22.
FieldServer
Title
B1
,System_Node_ID
,22
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Appendix A.13. DnpSubType
DNP objects often contain more than one element of information, e.g. Object 30, variation 1 is a 32bit analog input. When the DNP device is polled for data for this object the device returns a data
structure which contains a 32 bit value for the input and an 8 bit status byte indicating the input’s
quality. Alternatively the FieldServer defaults to the value subtype.
By using the value or flags in the field for dnpSubType you could have the FieldServer extract the
value or the status byte and place them in the data array associated with the Map Descriptor. In this
example it would have made no sense to try and extract a time as there is no time field associated
with object 30, variation 1.
Permitted Values
Value
Flags
Time1
Description
The driver extracts the value of the object being read.
The driver extracts the quality/status byte of the object.
The driver extracts the time field from the object.
The driver extracts a second time field from the object if the object has more
than one.
Used with a write Map Descriptor with the dnpFunction set to 5 (Direct
Operation with no Ack). The driver uses multiple consecutive elements from
the data array to build the write command.
Time2
Combo
(NB - only valid with
Object 12, Variation
1;
Object 41, Variation
1 & 2)
When used with Object 12 Variation 1.
st
The 1 array element is used as a byte to fill in the control code field.
nd
The 2 array element is used as a byte to fill in the count field.
rd
The 3 array element is used as a UINT32 to fill in the on time field.
th
The 4 array element is used as a UINT32 to fill in the off time field.
The status field is always set to zero.
When used with Object 41 Variation 1 & 2
st
The 1 array element is used as a INT32 (variation 1) or INT16 (variation2)
to fill in the requested value field.
nd
The 2 Array Element is used as a byte to fill in the control status field. (See
the definition of object 12 for a description of this field.)
Appendix A.14. Communication Stats
The driver counts bytes on the connection and messages on the Map Descriptors. Thus if a Map
Descriptor is used to generate a poll then the transmit messages increment and when a response is
received, its received messages will increase. The byte count of these messages will be counted on
the connection and not on the Map Descriptor. The connection also counts messages and bytes that
form connection related messages such as link resets, confirms, acks, naks….
Appendix A.15. Link Reset
The Link Reset message forms part of the Data Link layer of the DNP 3.0 protocol. It is used to
establish and check a connection. When configured as a Client, the driver sends a Link Reset and
waits for the Server to respond before starting data transfer. When configured as a Server, the driver
will not respond to messages until the remote Client has sent a Link Reset. The following example
configuration will override this default behavior.
Example
//
Server Side Connections
Connections
Port
P8
,Baud
,9600
,Parity
,None
,Protocol
,DNP
,Application
,NoLink
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Appendix A.16. Controlling DA Offsets
Versions of the driver prior to 1.02a used a method to calculate DA offsets that was not consistent
with the general FieldServer model. This was corrected in versions 1.02a and later. To retain the old
offset calculation, specify the ‘Application’ parameter on the connection.
Use either ‘OriginalStyle’ or ‘OrigStyle-NoLink’ (to overwrite Link Reset).
Example
//
Server Side Connections
Connections
Port
P8
,Baud
,9600
,Parity
,None
,Protocol
,DNP
,Application
,OriginalStyle
Appendix A.17. dnpIndexStyle
Normally the Server responds to requests for data using the same qualifier as the poll. Use this
parameter on a Server Map Descriptor to override the indexStyle of the qualifier in the response.
Refer to Section 5.3.6 for an example.
Supported
1 objects are prefixed with a one byte index
2 objects are prefixed with a two byte index
Unsupported
3 objects are prefixed with a four byte index
4 objects are prefixed with a one byte object size
5 objects are prefixed with a two byte object size
6 objects are prefixed with a three byte object size
Others
Unknown.
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,Protocol
,DNP
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
// Server Side Nodes
Nodes
Node_Name
,Node_ID
Node_A
,11
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Store_Time
,Function
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,Real_Time_Clock_Control
,Update-from-Remote
,RTC_Update_Rqst_Interval
,123
,Length
,50
,dnpDataType
,50
,dnpDataVari
,1
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If using the DNP 3.0 driver as a Client and you want to configure the driver to respond to Server requests for real time clock updates then:
• Create a Data Array named ‘DNP3_RTC_NODEx’ where x is the Server node station address. The format for the Data Array should be
UINT32.
Remote update of Real Time Clock – Client configuration
In this example, the Server has been configured to request a time update every 123 milliseconds and the request will be made by notifying the
remote device that an update is required. The Server does this by setting a flag in the response internal indications bits. The default update is
2 seconds. If using the default, omit the specification of the ‘RTC_Update_Rqst_Interval’ parameter.
,Data_Array_Name
,DA_TIME
,Protocol
,DNP
// Server Side Connections
Ports
port
,Baud
P1
,2400
Example
Regardless of the platform in use, it is possible to have the FieldServer set its clock using the DNP 3.0 protocol when the driver is configured
as a Server. The following actions are required:
• Configure the driver to perform remote updates (Node parameter ‘Real_Time_Clock_Control’ = ‘Update-from-Remote’.
• Set update frequency (Connection parameter ‘RTC_Update_Rqst_Interval’, default -2000. Value is specified in milliseconds. )
• Have the Client send the time using Object 50 variation 1 (Time & Date CTO: Absolute Time) to the Server. When the Server receives
this time it will store the value in a Data Array, as well as use it to update the real time clock.
Remote update of Real Time Clock – Server configuration
The FieldServer has a real time clock. ProtoCessors have a software clock. If using a ProtoCessor, it is advisable to update the clock on the
device periodically.
Appendix A.18. Real Time Clock Synchronization
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Ensure that DA is constantly updated by value you wish to set the real time clock to. The format of the value is a number that contains the
number of seconds since Jan 1 1970.
Page 41 of 51
•
•
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Test the accuracy of the ProtoCessor software clock to determine its limitations. The accuracy may be dependent on environmental
conditions.
The clock has a precision of seconds.
Limitations:
The driver will auto create a Map Descriptor to write the time to the Server using the Data Array. If the Data Array doesn’t exist then the driver
will print an error message.
•
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
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Appendix A.19. Select and Operate
As a Client
The DNP 3.0 Driver Client can send select, operate and direct operate messages to a Server device.
The commands can be sent to Analog Output Blocks, Relay Control Blocks and Pattern Control
Blocks. The responses from these commands contain status information on whether the command
was accepted or rejected. The driver can store this status information so that is it available to another
protocol.
When using these commands it is important to remember that the driver is not a DNP 3.0 device and
is only capable of transferring data from one protocol to another. The driver does not understand the
context of these commands. For example, the driver can send the select command but will not
resend the command if an operate command failed because the select arm timer had expired.
Another example, is when you send an operate command to a control relay, the driver sends the
relay a block of data that is extracted from a Data Array. It is the content of this block that tells the
relay what to do. Because the driver doesn’t understand the command but simply sends a block of
data it is necessary to ensure the block of data has been formatted correctly.
The driver does not check the echoed data objects contained in the response.
specification requires that a DNP 3.0 device should.
The DNP 3.0
Analog Output Block
Depending on the variation selected the driver sends a 16 or 32 bit signed value with a status byte
(Status byte sent is always equal to zero).
If the active Map Descriptor used to send a select or operate command has the DA_Float_Name
parameter specified with the name of a Data Array then the driver stores the status byte extracted
from the response message in this secondary Data Array at the same offset specified with the
“Data_Array_Offset” parameter.
Control Relay Block (Object=12)
The following 5 fields are sent with the command to operate such an object:
Field
Description
Control
This field indicates the control function to perform. The applicability of this code will
Code
depend on the type of hardware used in the end device.
This field indicates the number of times that the control operation should be performed
Count
in succession.
This field specifies the amount of time the digital output is to be turned on (may not
On-time
apply to all control types).
This field specifies the amount of time the digital output is to be turned off (may not
Off-time
apply to all control types).
Status
This is always sent with a value of zero.
Byte
By default the driver grabs one item from the Data Array specified on the Map Descriptor. It uses this
value for the control code, sets the count field to 1 and sets the time and status fields to zero.
If the “dnpSubType” is specified with a value of “Combo” then the driver will extract 4 consecutive
values from the Data Array specified on the Map Descriptor. These values are used to complete the
‘Control Code’, ‘Count’, ‘On-Time’ and ‘Off-Time’ fields in the message.
If the active Map Descriptor used to send a select or operate command has the “DA_Float_Name”
parameter specified with the Name of a Data Array then the driver stores the status byte extracted
from the response message in this secondary Data Array at the same offset specified with
“Data_Array_Offset” parameter. If the “DA_Bit_Name” parameter is specified then the driver stores
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the control code extracted from the response and if the “DA_Byte_Name” is specified then the driver
stores the count field extracted from the response.
Pattern Control Block
Object 12 variations 2 & 3 are not supported by the driver.
As a Server
The DNP 3.0Driver Server can accept and process Select and Operate commands sent by a remote
Client with limitations as discussed in the notes below.
The commands can be sent to Analog Output Blocks, Relay Control Blocks and Pattern Control
Blocks. The driver executes or rejects the commands on these data objects, returning a response
which contains an echo of the poll with the status byte of each data object modified to report the
success or failure.
The driver is intended to transfer data from one protocol to another. The driver does not make the
FieldServer behave like a typical DNP 3.0 device such as a protective relay. For these reasons the
driver cannot implement all the actions implied by the Select and Operate commands. For example:
The driver cannot queue commands. The driver cannot use the on and off time fields. The driver
only understands the ‘Latch On and “Latch Off’ command codes. The driver cannot understand the
attribute bits of the control code field such as the clear and reset attribute flags.
All Commands
When one of the select, operate and direct operate commands are received, the driver sends a
response which contains internal indication status bytes as well as en echo of the data objects being
commanded. Each data object that can be commanded with one of the commands has a status byte
field trailing the block of data sent with the object. The Server modifies the status byte that is echoed
back.
The driver sends 1 of 4 possible status byte responses.
0 Command Accepted
2 Command rejected because object was not previously selected.
4 Command rejected because the command code is not supported by the driver.
6 Command Rejected, Hardware problem. The driver sends this response when the driver is not
able to process the command correctly. It does not mean that the FieldServer hardware is
malfunctioning.
Select Command
This command is used to select data objects for an ‘Operate’ Command. If possible the driver marks
the data objects as selected when the select command is received. If not possible, the driver
assumes the objects are selected at all times. Many DNP 3.0 devices implement an ‘Arm’ timer that
clears the select flag when it times out. This driver does not implement this timer but relies on a
remote device using another protocol to implement the ‘Arm’ timer if it so requires. The remote
device can clear the select flag by writing a zero to the Data Array element at any time.
If the Server Map Descriptor used to define the Server data object to be selected/operated has the
“DA_Bit_Name” parameter specified, the driver uses this Data Array location to set the select flag by
setting the value to ‘1’. If the secondary Data Array is not specified then the select command is
accepted and the point is considered to be permanently selected.
The driver sends responses with the status byte modified to report the success/failure of the
command.
Operate Command
Once selected, data objects can be operated. If the secondary Data Array is specified using the
“DA_Bit_Name” parameter, the driver looks in the Data Array and if the value is non-zero the point is
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considered to be selected and the operation can proceed. If the value is zero, the driver rejects the
command. If the secondary Data Array is not specified, the port is considered to be permanently
selected.
The driver supports the following Control Codes
Code
0
1
2
3
4
5-15
Operation
Null
Pulse On
Pulse Off
Latch On
Latch Off
Undefined
Supported
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
N/A
‘Direct Operate’ and ‘Direct Operate with No Acknowledgement’ Commands
The driver does not check if the data object had previously been selected. The supported Control
Codes are described above.
Analog Output Block
When a ‘Select’ command is received the driver sets the select flag in a secondary Data Array
defined by the “DA_Bit_Name” parameter, if available. When any of the operate commands are
received the driver stores the value sent with the command in the Data Array defined on the Map
Descriptor.
Control Relay Block (Object=12)
If the Control Code is supported the driver does the required action.
The driver supports the following Control Codes
Code
0
1
2
3
4
5-15
Operation
Null
Pulse On
Pulse Off
Latch On
Latch Off
Undefined
Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
Driver sets Data Array value to ‘1’
Driver sets Data Array value to ‘0’
N/A
If the “DA_Bit_Name” parameter is specified then the driver stores the control code as extracted from
the command and if the “DA_Byte_Name” is specified then the driver stores the count field, extracted
from the command message.
Pattern Control Block
Object 12 variations 2 & 3 are not supported by the driver.
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,Data_Array_Name
,DA_Class0
,DA_Class1
,Data_Array_Offset
,0
,0
,Function
,Rdbc
,Server
,Node_Name
,Node_A
,Node_A
,Address
,0
,0
,Length
,1
,1
,dnpDataType
,60
,60
,dnpDataVari
,1
,2
,dnpAssociate
,1
,1
,Scan_Interval
,2.0s
,2.0s
,dnpMultiMsg
,1
,1
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If the driver is configured as a Server then no action is required. Simply ensure that that there is a Server Map Descriptor for each object
requested. No special actions are required to configure the Server to respond to requests for multiple object types.
Map_Descriptors
Map_Descriptor_Name
Class0
Class1
In the example below the driver finds the Map Descriptor called Class0. It sees that dnpMultiMsg is non zero and has a value of 1. It searches
through the remaining Map Descriptors to find any other with dnpMultiMsg =1.and finds the Map Descriptor called Class1. Now the driver sends a
single message that requests class 0 and class 1 info.
When configuring the Client side Map Descriptors for this purpose, only one of the associated Map Descriptors may be set to active. The other
Map Descriptors must be set as Server/Passive.
To have the driver request multiple object types in a single poll it is necessary to associate multiple Map Descriptors for this common purpose.
This is done by specifying the 'dnpMultiMsg' parameter in the Map Descriptor. Assign the same positive whole number to all Map Descriptors to
be associated. When the driver processes an active Map Descriptor with a non zero dnpMultiMsg parameter value it locates other Map
Descriptors with he same dnpMultiMsg parameter value and uses all of these to form the poll.
To provide level 2 compliance a DNP 3.0 device must support the ability to serve responses to single polls that contain requests for multiple object
types. Outstations commonly use this technique to send a single message requesting class 1, 2 and 3 data. From version 1.03j onwards the
driver acting as a client can send requests which contain multiple objects.
Appendix A.20. Multiple requests in a single poll.
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
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Page 46 of 51
Appendix B. Driver Error Messages
Error Message
DNP:#1 Err. Unknown object=%d
variation=%d for resp.
DNP:#2 Err. Unknown object=%d
variation=%d for store.
DNP:#3 FYI. No nodes to
process.
DNP:#4 Err. Link Reset node %d
failed. (Send a Link Reset Rqst
before polling.)
DNP:#5 FYI. Slave=%d happy
with link. No reset Rqst.
DNP:#6 FYI. Node=%d requires a
reset before it can respond.
DNP:#7. Err. Too many polls with
no reset request.
DNP:#8 Err. Cant reset node=%d
(Max=%d)
DNP:#9 Err. Unknown
dnpSubType=<%s>
DNP:#11 FYI. Master Node
Address=%d
DNP:#12 FYI. DEBUG Message
being sent.
DNP:#13 FYI. Write function
overwritten. MD=<%s>
DNP:#14 FYI. Length truncated to
255 for MD=<%s>
DNP:#15a Err. Cant understand
index portion of qualifier.
Qual=0x%02x for MD=<%s>
DNP:#16 Err. Previous Poll not
completed
DNP:#17. Err. Previous Write not
completed
DNP:#18 FYI. Cmd completed but
no (event) data to store.
DNP:#18 FYI. Cmd completed but
no (diag) data to store.
6
Explanation
The driver is polling for or responding to a poll for a data object and
variation that is not supported. See Appendix A.9 for a table of
supported objects.
No DNP 3.0 nodes have been defined in the configuration. The
6
configuration file is probably invalid. .
A Client must send a ‘Link Reset Request’ message to this driver
before it can respond to a poll.
Many DNP 3.0 Servers time out the link and the connection must
be reestablished with a ‘Reset Link Rqst’ message. This driver
doesn’t do this. This message is printed when the link has timed out
and a poll is received. The message indicates that this behavior is
ok.
A Client must send a ‘Link Reset Request’ message to this driver
before it can respond to a poll.
When the driver receives too many polls without a link reset request
then this message is printed and the driver panics.
The driver cannot reset the link for the node reported in the
message because the node number is too large. Change the Client
6
to poll for a smaller node number.
Valid values are provided in Appendix A.3. The driver uses ‘value’
as default if the keyword is not recognized.
The driver is reporting the Node_ID of the Client node. This
message is for information only.
You should never see this message. Check the configuration file for
6
an illegal DNPDatatype.
This message is for information only. When writing to a DNP
device the message contains a function code which may be
overwritten by specifying the DNPfunction in the CSV file. When
DNPfunction has not been specified, the default function is used
and this message is printed. When writing to a relay output the
driver uses function code=5 (Direct act with no ack). When writing
to a Counter the driver uses function code=8 (Immed freeze with no
ack).
When using DNP qualifier 17, the maximum value for Map
6
Descriptor Length is 255. The driver has truncated the request
The qualifier is invalid. Appendix A.11 has a list of valid Qualifiers.
6
An attempt was made to start a new poll before the previous one
completed. A poll might consist of multiple transactions of multiple
fragments and therefore could take several seconds. Take a log
and send with the problem description and the configuration file to
FST Tech support.
These messages are printed when the polls for data return with no
data. This can be normal if there are no events/ diagnostic data in
the remote device. This message is for information only.
Edit the CSV file, download to the FieldServer and reset the FieldServer.
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FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Error Message
DNP:#20 FYI. Node Indicates that
Event Buffers Have Overflowed.
DNP:#21 FYI. Length=%d invalid.
Setting to %d.
DNP:#23 FYI. Store rqsted but no
Data.
DNP:#25 FYI. Slave Cant use
Qual=6. for Md=<%s>
DNP:#27 Err. Slave: Too many
bytes=%s to send. Reduce
message length
DNP:#29 Err. Cant process this
qualifier (%d)
DNP:#30 FYI. Data to store but
no mapDesc found.
DNP:#31 Resp. data contained
obj=%d vari=%d. MD rqd for
storage.
DNP:#32 Err. Cant store for index
style %d
DNP:#33 Err. Qty items + array
offset > end array. md=<%s>
Cant store all. qty/max= %d/%d
DNP:#35 Err. Relay Output.
Status data array too short.
DNP:#36 Err. Relay Output.
Status data array too short.
DNP:#37 Err. Relay Output.
Bridge cant implement action
code
DNP:#38 Err. Storage Method
Unknown. (%d)
DNP:#40 Err. Abandoned data
store. Too many data object
types.
DNP:#41 Err. MD=<dnp-ii> is too
short. Rqd=%d
DNP:#41 Err. MD=<dnp-stats> is
too short. Rqd=%d
DNP:#42 FYI. You could have
used a MD called <dnp-ii> to
expose diagnostic info.
DNP:#42 FYI. You could have
used a MD called <dnp-stats> to
expose diagnostic info.
DNP:#43a Err. Diagnostic #3. Call
Support.
DNP3:#44 FYI. Link Reset
Suppressed. Port=%d
7
Page 47 of 51
Explanation
This message is for information only. It is printed when a remote
device reports that its event buffers have overflowed.
A poll for data contained a response with no data. This can be
valid, e.g. you request Change Data and there isn’t any.
You cannot use a qualifier of 6 when configuring a Server. See
7
Appendix A.11 for a list of valid qualifiers.
Change the Map Descriptor length so that the message contains
7
fewer data bytes.
The driver does not support this qualifier when processing response
from a remote DNP device. Configure the device to use a different
7
qualifier.
A message has been received from a remote DNP device but the
driver has not been configured to store this data.
Some responses (Class Data) contain multiple data types. The
driver could not find a Map Descriptor to store some of the data.
7
Refer to Section 4.4.7 to correct the problem.
The driver can only store data from messages where the data
elements are indexed in a supported style. Take a log and send
with your configuration file to FST Tech Support.
You need to make the data array longer (and/or the length of the
7
Map Descriptor.)
The Data Array designated with e DA_Byte_Name parameter in the
7
CSV file is too short.
The driver only supports ‘Latch On’ and ‘Latch Off’ and Relay
output actions. Reconfigure the remote device to use a different
relay action.
Take a log and send the log and configuration file to FST Tech
Support.
The DNP 3.0 driver can process a max of 20 different data objects
when storing class data. Reconfigure the remote device for fewer
data objects in the class requested.
8
Error! Reference source not found. and 0 contain additional
information.
If any variation of MSG #43 is printed, take a log and call Tech
support.
The configuration file has suppressed the requirement for link reset.
If this corresponds to your expectation then you can safely ignore
this message, If not, see Appendix A.15
Edit the CSV file, download to the FieldServer and reset the FieldServer.
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FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Error Message
DNP:#45 Err. Dest
Address=%d=Broadcast
Address." , dest_station
DNP:#45 Err. Perhaps the
System_Station_Address has not
been specified."
DNP:#46 Err. Server received a
poll for unknown node=%d
DNP:#49 Err. Cant process
func=0x%x from a responder
DNP:#50 Err. Cant process
func=0x%x from an initiator
DNP:#51 Err. Node_ID=%d Valid
Range=0-65535
DNP3:#52a FYI. OriginalStyle DA
offset use.
DNP3:#53 FYI. Mast App Parse NO DATA, returning early
DNP3:#53b FYI.
returned no data.
Class
Rqst
DNP:#54 Err. App Layer
Func=%#x not recognized.
DNP:#55 Err. To serve class data
set the DNPAssoc value non-zero
DNP:#56 Err. No MDs associated
with the class MD=%s
DNP:#57 FYI. You could have
used a MD called <dnp-stats> to
expose diagnostic info.
DNP3:#58 Err. Response
Dest=%d != Master=%d
DNP3:#59 Err. Response
Unknown Src_Id=%d
8
Page 48 of 51
Explanation
If the destination address is 0xFFFF (=65535) then this message is
printed. The address 0xFFFF is the broadcast address and the
driver cannot process broadcasts. Configure the node which sent
the broadcast message to send a specific message to the
8
FieldServer.
We have also seen that this message gets printed when the
‘System_Station_Address’ has not been specified. Appendix A.12
has more information.
A message was received by the Server side for a Node that has not
been defined (as a DNP node).
Either this message wasn’t intended for the FieldServer or the
configuration requires review. You may need to add a new Server
side node and Server side Map Descriptors to solve this problem.
The driver cannot process the function code indicated when the
message comes from a responder. If this message occurs rarely
then assume it is the result of an occasional corrupt message. If
you are concerned or if it occurs frequently then take a log and
contact Tech Support.
Illegal Node_ID used. The Node ID refers to the DNP 3.0 Station
Address. Refer to sections 4.3 and 5.2.
The message reports that the driver has been set to a mode where
it will use the DA offsetting style present in the driver prior to
version 1.02a. If this is consistent with your configuration, the
message may be ignored.
A response to a poll contained no data. This is possible when, for
example, you poll for event or change data and no events/changes
have occurred since the last poll. This message is printed for
information purposes only
As per #53 but pertains exclusively to polls for class data.
A message was received by the Server side and the application
layer function code isn’t supported by this driver. You could
reconfigure the Client not to send this message,
When you create MD’s to serve Class Data the dnpAssoc field must
have non-zero values. More information is provided in section
8
5.3.5
To serve Class data you need a Map Descriptor matching the class
data request and a number of associated Map Descriptors to tell
the driver what data forms part of the class data set. More
8
information is provided in section 5.3.5
Error! Reference source not found. and 0 contain additional
information.
The driver found that a response message was addressed to a
node different from the polling node. Take a log and report to Tech
support.
The response message originated from a node different to the
polled node. If the Node_ID reported is not in the list of nodes in
your configuration, take a log and report the problem to Tech
Support. If this message is printed rarely, it may have resulted from
an occasional corrupt message.
Edit the CSV file, download to the FieldServer and reset the FieldServer.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Error Message
DNP3:#60 Msg Frame
abandoned. Frames out of seq.
Exp=%d Rcvd=%d. TP=%#d
DNP3:#61 FYI. Read func
changed Now=%s. MD=<%s>
DNP3:#62 Err. Rejected msg with
multiple polls.
DNP3:#64 Err. To serve class
data set the DNPAssoc value
non-zero
DNP3:#65 Err. There are no MD
associated with the class MD=%s
DNP3:#63a Err. Cant open %s for
poll from log
DNP3:#63b Err. Cant read 1st
line of %s
DNP3:#63c FYI. Sending
message from log file=%s
DNP3:#66 Err. Index Style=%d
not supported.
DNP3:#67 FYI Serve 'changed'
data only. Class=%d
DNP3:#68 FYI. Class Data
Served with Qualifier=%#x
DNP3:#69 FYI. Server signals
Client=%d to time synch
9
Page 49 of 51
Explanation
Some DNP messages contain too much data to be sent in one
message. Such messages are split into multiple frames and
reassembled on the receiving side. Each frame has a sequence
number. If frames are received out of sequence this message is
printed. Typically, once one frame is found out of sequence the
remaining frames may be flagged as errors too. A consequence of
this message is the loss of the complete message. If this message
is printed rarely, you could assume that it is a consequence of
occasional corruption. If it is printed often then take a log and call
Tech support.
When the DNPfunction parameter is omitted on a Map Descriptor
used to read data the driver assumes that the intended
DNPfunction is ‘read’. However in some case the driver knows that
for certain Objects the function must be changed and does this
automatically. This message gives a heads. No action is required
from you.
The Server side of the driver can only process messages which poll
for one class of data at a time. Re-configure your Client and try
again. This message is obsolete. Only driver version 1.03i and
older produce the message. Read Appendix A.20 for more info.
To serve class data the parameter dnpAssociate must be specified
on all associated Map Descriptors and the value of the parameter
9
must be non-zero.
Refer to Section 5.3.5.
9
If any of these messages are printed call tech support. An internal
diagnostic specific to QA testing has been activated. It is possible
for the driver to send a message that is found in a log file instead of
the configured poll to test the Server side of the driver. Script S4085
provides an example. The Client side MD name must have '.log in
the name and the driver opens that file and sends the 1st line (only)
as a single message. The line is expected to have hex bytes
delimited by space or square brackets.
The Server side of the driver does not support the indicated
index_style. Refer to Appendix A.17. Reconfigure your Client to
9
use a different qualifier and try again
This message confirms that the Server has been configured to
serve ‘changed’ data only. Thus, only data whose value has
changed by some dead band since the last poll for class data will
be served. You can safely ignore this message if it confirms your
expectations. If not then review your configuration.
When the Server serves class data and when configured to serve
only ‘changed’ data then the Server may change the qualifier of the
response from the default or configured qualifier because the points
being served in the response may not be sequential. You may
ignore this message as it does not report an error. It is printed to
draw your attention to the fact that the master should be configured
to receive a response that uses a different qualifier.
Each time that the Server sets the internal indication bit to signal
the master station that a time update is required this message is
printed. You can safely ignore it if it confirms your expectations.
Refer to Appendix A.18.
Edit the CSV file, download to the FieldServer and reset the FieldServer.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Error Message
DNP3:#70 Err No COV
DeadBand for DA=%s Off=%d
"DNP3:#71 FYI. Client observes:
Server rqsts time synch
DNP3:#72 Err. Heading not equal
to keywords
DNP3:#73 FYI. Time Synch MD
Created
DNP3:#74 Err. Ana Output Blk.
No Operate because no select.
Obj=%d"
DNP3:#75 FYI. Relay Output. No
place to store select. Obj=%d"
DNP3:#76 Err. Relay Output. No
Operate because no select.
Obj=%d
DNP3:#77 FYI. Ana Output Blk.
No place to store select. Obj=%d"
DNP3:#78 Err. Node_ID=%d II
Array=%s doesn’t exist.
DNP3:#79 FYI. Node=%d Using
DA=%s for II
DNP3:#80 FYI.
requires DA=%s
10
Time
Synch
Page 50 of 51
Explanation
The Server has been configured to serve ‘changed’ data only. In
reviewing the data, the driver could not find the dead band needed
to make a decision about whether the data has changed or not.
Refer to Section 5.3.10 for an example showing configuration
10
requirements.
Each time that the Server sets bit 4 of byte 1 of the internal
indication field in the response message the Client driver will print
this message. It alerts you to the fact that the Server device
expects to be sent the time and to have the master reset the flag.
Refer to Appendix A.18 for more information on how to configure
the master to respond to this request. If you don’t care about the
Server’s time then ignore this message without consequence.
The driver attempted to auto-create a Map Descriptor to send the
time to a Server device that has requested a Real Time Clock
Update. The attempt failed and the time was not sent. To resolve
this error refer to Appendix A.18 and review your configuration. If
you cannot see a problem, capture a log and send the log with the
configuration to FieldServer Tech Support.
You can safely ignore this message. It confirms that the Client side
of the driver, saw a request for a time update and auto-created a
MD to send the time to the Server device. Read Appendix A.19 for
more information.
Analog Output Blocks and Relay Blocks must be selected before
they can be operated. The driver needs a place to store the select
flag. This is done using a Secondary Data Array specified with the
DA_Bit_Name parameter. If not specified then the point is
assumed to be selected all the time. Errors #75 and #77 can safely
be ignored. If a point has secondary storage defined to store the
select flag then the driver checks the select flag has been set when
an operate command has been received. If not set then the
message #74 or #76 is printed. These errors can be avoided by
having the remote master send a select command first. Refer to
Appendix A.19 for more information.
The configuration contains the Node parameter ‘Server_II_Array’
but when the driver looked for the Data Array specified it could not
find it. The Data Array must be defined before this parameter is
used. If the Data Array cannot be found then the driver responds
as if it had not been specified at all.
The driver prints this message once and then suppresses it. It
draws your attention to the fact that one or more Server nodes has
the node parameter ‘Server_II_Array’ specified and that the
Internal Indications bytes in the response will not be built by the
driver but will rather be extracted from two consecutive data array
elements. Offsets 0 and 1 are always used. If this message is
consistent with your expectations then ignore it otherwise review
your configuration
To auto-create a Map Descriptor to send the time to the Server
device the driver required the configuration to have a Data Array
called ‘DNP3_RTC_NODEx’ where x is the Server device station
10
address. Refer to Appendix A.18 for more information
Edit the CSV file, download to the FieldServer and reset the FieldServer.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
FS-8700-47 DNP 3.0 Driver Manual
Error Message
DNP3:#85
Err.
acknowledgements
supported.
Fragment
not
DNP3:#86 Err. Index style=%d is
not supported. Support 0,1,2.
Reformat your request qualifier.
Page 51 of 51
Explanation
The driver does not support message fragment acknowledgements.
Please configure your client software not to request them. This
message is printed each time we receive a message with CON flag
set in the Application control flag.
"CON
If set to one (1) in a received message, indicates the
sending application is expecting a confirmation from the receiving
application of the reception of the fragment. An application function
code zero (0) is used in the confirmation message." Extract from
the DNP3 spec.
The driver supports qualifiers with an index style of 0, 1 or 2. Index
styles 3,4,5,6 are not supported. The only way to work around this
is to reconfigure the client software to poll using different qualifiers.
FieldServer Technologies 1991 Tarob Court Milpitas, California 95035 USA Web: www.fieldserver.com
Tel: (408) 262 2299 Fax: (408) 262 2269 Toll Free: (888) 509 1970 email: support@fieldserver.com
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