First Alert CO615 Carbon Monoxide Alarm User Manual

BASIC SAFETY INFORMATION
USER’S MANUAL
•
Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions alert you to important operating
instructions or to potentially hazardous situations. Pay special
attention to these items.
•
The CO Alarm is not designed to detect fire or any other gas. It will
only indicate the presence of carbon monoxide gas at the sensor.
Carbon monoxide gas may be present in other areas.
•
Do not stand too close to the unit when the alarm is sounding. It is
loud to wake you in an emergency. Exposure to the horn at close
range may harm your hearing.
•
Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the sensing
chambers and prevent the unit from operating properly.
•
This unit must be powered by a 24-hour circuit. Be sure the circuit
cannot be turned off by a switch, dimmer, or ground fault circuit
interrupter. Failure to connect this unit to a 24-hour circuit may
prevent it from providing constant protection.
•
This Alarm must have AC or battery power to operate. If AC power
fails and the battery is dead or missing, the alarm cannot operate.
•
Test the Alarm once a week. If the Alarm ever fails to test correctly,
have it replaced immediately! If the Alarm is not working properly, it
cannot alert you to a problem.
•
This Carbon Monoxide Alarm is intended for residential use and is
not suitable for use in hazardous locations as defined in the National
Electrical Code.
•
This product is intended for use in ordinary indoor locations of family
living units. It is not designed to measure CO levels in compliance with
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) commercial or
industrial standards. Individuals with medical conditions that may
make them more sensitive to carbon monoxide may consider using
warning devices which provide audible and visual signals for carbon
monoxide concentrations under 30 ppm. For additional information on
carbon monoxide and your medical condition contact your physician.
PLUG-IN CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM
WITH BATTERY BACK-UP AND SILENCE FEATURES
120VAC
~ 60Hz, 0.09 A
IMPORTANT! PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This unit was shipped with a user’s manual that contains important
information about its operation. If you are installing this unit for use by others,
you must leave this manual—or a copy of it—with the end user.
Printed in Mexico
M08-0150-001 Q 10/06
Model CO615
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Basic Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Where To Install This Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Where This Alarm Should Not Be Installed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Before You Begin Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
How To Install This CO Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
How Your Alarm Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
If Your CO Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
What To Do if CO is Detected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Using the Silence Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Using the Remote Control Test/Silence Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Using the Peak CO Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Understanding the Light, Horn, and Display Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
What You Need To Know About CO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
What is CO? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Symptoms of CO Poisoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Finding the Source of CO After an Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Potential Sources of CO in the Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
How Can I Protect My Family From CO Poisoning? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Regulatory Information For CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
General Limitations Of CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
INSTALLATION
WHERE TO INSTALL THIS ALARM
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends that a CO Alarm
should be centrally located outside of each separate sleeping area in the
immediate vicinity of the bedrooms. For added protection, install additional
CO Alarms in each separate bedroom, and on every level of your home.
In general, install Carbon Monoxide Alarms:
•
WHERE YOU CAN HEAR THE ALARM FROM ALL SLEEPING AREAS
•
In or near bedrooms and living areas or wherever you suspect a CO
exposure is likely.
•
On each level of a multi-level home.
Improper location can affect the sensitive electronic components in this Alarm.
Please see “Where this Alarm Should Not Be Installed”.
Recommended Placement
BEDROOM
BEDROOM
© 2006 BRK Brands, Inc., a Subsidiary of Jarden Corporation
All rights reserved.
BRK Brands, Inc., 3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005 • www.firstalert.com
KITCHEN
LIVING ROOM
HALL
BEDROOM
GARAGE
BASEMENT
REQUIRED TO MEET NFPA RECOMMENDATIONS
SUGGESTED AREAS FOR INSTALLING ADDITIONAL CO ALARMS
NOTE: For any location, make sure no door or other obstruction could keep
carbon monoxide from reaching the Alarm.
1
INSTALLATION, Continued
HOW TO INSTALL THIS CO ALARM
WHERE THIS ALARM SHOULD NOT BE INSTALLED
IMPORTANT! Read all instructions before using this product.
Tools you will need: Screwdriver, drill.
To avoid causing damage to the unit, to provide optimum protection, and
to prevent unnecessary alarms, Do NOT locate this Alarm:
• In garages, kitchens, crawl spaces and unfinished attics. Avoid extremely
dusty, dirty or greasy areas. Installation in these areas could lead to
nuisance alarms, may expose the sensor to substances that could damage
or contaminate it, or the Alarm may not be heard by persons in other areas
of the home, especially if they are sleeping.
1. Determine the best location for your CO Alarm.
2. Your Alarm is equipped to be mounted as a corded unit or a direct plug
unit. The unit can be plugged directly into a wall outlet. If your outlets are
mounted horizontally, refer to “If Outlet is Mounted Horizontally (Sideways)”.
If the adapter is taken out of the unit, the Alarm can be installed high on the
wall, while the adapter is plugged into a wall outlet.
In the garage, vehicle exhaust can contain some carbon monoxide. These
levels are higher when the engine is first started. Within hours of starting a
vehicle and backing it out of the garage, the levels present over time can
activate the Alarm and become a nuisance.
ACTIVATING THE BATTERY BACK-UP
•
In the kitchen, some gas appliances can emit a short burst of CO upon
start-up. This is normal. If your CO Alarm is installed too close to these
appliances, it may alarm often and become a nuisance.
•
Keep units at least 20 feet (6 meters) from the sources of combustion
particles (stove, furnace, water heater, space heater) if possible. In areas
where a 20-foot (6m) distance is not possible – in modular, mobile, or
smaller homes, for example – it is recommended the Alarm be placed as
far from these fuel-burning sources as possible. The placement recommendations are intended to keep these Alarms at a reasonable distance
from a fuel-burning source, and thus reduce “unwanted” alarms. Unwanted
alarms can occur if an Alarm is placed directly next to a fuel-burning
source. Ventilate these areas as much as possible. If you must install the
Alarm near a cooking or heating appliance, install at least 5 feet (1.5
meters) from appliance.
Activate the battery back-up by installing the two
(2) AA batteries. The battery is for back-up only
and is not intended to power the Alarm for an
extended period of time in the absence of AC.
•
•
In extremely humid areas. This Alarm should be at least 10 feet (3 meters)
from a shower, sauna, humidifier, vaporizer, dishwasher, laundry room,
utility room, or other source of high humidity.
•
In direct sunlight.
•
In turbulent air, like near ceiling fans or open windows. Blowing air may
prevent CO from reaching the sensors.
•
In areas where temperature is colder than 40˚ F (4˚ C) or hotter than
100˚ F (38˚ C). These areas include non-airconditioned crawl spaces,
unfinished attics, uninsulated or poorly insulated ceilings, porches, and
garages.
•
The Alarm will light-up the display briefly to indicate the unit is receiving power.
DIRECT PLUG ALARM INTO AN OUTLET
This Alarm can be plugged directly into a wall outlet located close to the floor.
1. Choose a standard UNSWITCHED 120V AC outlet.
2. Plug Alarm in.
IF OUTLET IS MOUNTED HORIZONTALLY (SIDEWAYS)
If you are going to use your Alarm as a direct plug into an outlet that is
mounted horizontally (sideways), you may want to rotate the adapter 90º,
as follows:
1. With back of unit facing you (AC blades on your left), place your left thumb
on adapter release and grab AC blades with your right hand to release the
left side.
2. Repeat for the other side adapter thumb release. This will allow adapter to
slide out.
3. Remove adapter.
Less than 12 inches (305 mm) away from fluorescent lights. Electrical
“noise” can interfere with the sensor.
4. Rotate the adapter 90º and snap firmly back into place.
5. Plug Alarm into AC outlet.
AVOIDING DEAD AIR SPACES
WALL MOUNTED ALARM
“Dead air” spaces may prevent CO from reaching the Alarm. To avoid dead
air spaces, stay at least 4 inches (102 mm) away from corners where walls or
ceilings and walls meet.
Installation tips for power cord models: The power cord option provides
more flexibility in mounting locations and allows the Alarm to be easily installed
at or above eye level.
BEFORE YOU BEGIN INSTALLATION
NOTE: If you mount the Alarm high on a wall, make sure it is at least 4 inches
(102 mm) down from the ceiling. Any higher than this, it will be in “dead air”
space and carbon monoxide may not reach the sensor.
• Make sure the alarm is not receiving excessively noisy power.
Examples of noisy power could be major appliances on the same
circuit, power from a generator or solar power, light dimmer on the
same circuit or mounted near fluorescent lighting. Excessively noisy
power may cause damage to your Alarm.
Find the pair of self-adhesive labels included with this CO Alarm.
• On each label write in the phone number of your emergency responder
(like 911) and a qualified appliance technician.
NOTE: Do not cover the Alarm with a curtain.
To install for a wall-mount, you will need to pull out the removable adapter and
power cord, as follows:
1. Repeat steps 1 to 3 as described above in “to rotate the adapter”.
2. With adapter out, pull out power cord and unwrap it.
3. Insert the screws provided until head is approx. 1/8 inch (3 mm) from wall
(if mounting in plaster board or drywall, drill 3/16 inch (5 mm) hole and use
plastic anchor provided).
• Place one label near the CO Alarm, and the other label in the “fresh air”
location you plan to go if the alarm sounds.
4. Hook the Alarm over the screw onto the keyhole in back of unit.
5. Plug power cord into AC outlet.
TEST THE ALARM
1. Make sure the Alarm is receiving AC power. Under normal operation, the
Green indicator light will shine continuously. If the Green power indicator
light does not light, recheck connections. If connections are correct and
the Green power indicator still does not light, the unit should be replaced
immediately.
2. Press and hold the test button until the alarm sounds. You will hear the
signal that indicates the presence of carbon monoxide.
When testing the Alarm, have someone else check that the Alarm can be
heard easily from the sleeping areas. The unit should be located where it
can wake you if it alarms at night.
2
USING THE SILENCE FEATURE
HOW YOUR ALARM WORKS
THE COVER OF YOUR ALARM
7
4
NEVER disconnect the power to your Alarm to silence the horn—use the
Silence Feature. Disconnecting the Alarm removes your protection!
• The Silence Feature is intended to temporarily silence the horn while
you identify and correct the problem.
1. Test/Silence Button:
Press and hold to
activate test, or to
silence the alarm.
• To use the Silence Feature, press the Test/Silence button until the horn
is silent.
2. Display Button: Press
to recall highest CO
level recorded
• If the Test/Silence button is pressed while the Alarm is in the silence
mode, the alarm will start sounding again.
3. POWER Light (GREEN)
1
5. (Behind the Cover)
Alarm Horn: 85 dB
audible alarm for
test, alarm, and unit
malfunction warning.
3
6
5
WHEN THE CO ALARM IS SILENCED...
The CO Alarm will remain silent for up to 4 minutes. While the Alarm is
silenced, it will continue to monitor the air for CO. After 4 minutes, if CO levels
remain potentially dangerous the horn will start sounding again.
4. Display
2
The Silence Feature is intended to temporarily silence the Alarm horn. It will
not correct a CO problem.
6. Battery Compartment
(Behind the Door)
USING THE REMOTE CONTROL TEST/SILENCE FEATURE
7. Open door here
Using the VOLUME or CHANNEL buttons on most remote controls, you can
test or silence this CO Alarm from up to 12 feet (3.6 meters) away.
To Test or Silence the Alarm:
1. Make sure you have a clear path between you and
the Alarm, free of any obstructions.
IF YOUR CO ALARM SOUNDS
2. Point the remote at the front of the Alarm.
WHAT TO DO IF CARBON MONOXIDE IS DETECTED
3. Press the VOLUME or CHANNEL button for at least
5 seconds.
Actuation of your CO Alarm indicates the presence of carbon monoxide
(CO) which can kill you. In other words, when your CO Alarm sounds, you
must not ignore it!
If the Alarm does not respond to your remote control:
• You may be standing too far away.
•
Your remote may not be compatible.
IF THE CO ALARM SOUNDS:
1. Operate the Test/Silence button.
•
You did not hold the button on your remote for at
least 5 seconds.
2. Call your emergency services, fire department or 911. Write down the
number of your local emergency service here:
•
AC power must be present to Silence the low battery chirp.
_______________________________________________________________
SILENCING THE LOW BATTERY WARNING
3. Immediately move to fresh air—outdoors or by an open door or window.
Do a head count to check that all persons are accounted for. Do not reenter the premises, or move away from the open door or window until the
emergency services responder has arrived, the premises have been aired
out, and your CO Alarm remains in its normal condition.
This Silence Feature can temporarily quiet the low battery warning “chirp” for
up to 8 hours if AC power is present. You can silence the low battery warning
“chirp” two ways:
1. Manually: Press the Test/Silence button on the Alarm cover until you see
the Green LED flicker, acknowledging the button-press.
4. After following steps 1-3, if your CO Alarm reactivates within a 24-hour
period, repeat steps 1-3 and call a qualified appliance technician to
investigate for sources of CO from fuel-burning equipment and appliances,
and inspect for proper operation of this equipment. If problems are identified during this inspection have the equipment serviced immediately. Note
any combustion equipment not inspected by the technician, and consult
the manufacturers’ instructions, or contact the manufacturers directly, for
more information about CO safety and this equipment. Make sure that
motor vehicles are not, and have not, been operating in an attached
garage or adjacent to the residence. Write down the number of a qualified
appliance technician here:
2. Using Your Remote Control: Standing no further than 12 feet (3.6 meters)
away from the Alarm, aim your IR remote at the Alarm and press the
CHANNEL or VOLUME button for at least 3-5 seconds.
The display will flash “SILENCE” for 8 hours while the low battery warning
“chirp” silence feature is activated. After 8 hours, the low battery “chirp” will
resume. The Alarm will continue to operate as long as AC power is supplied.
However, replace the battery as soon as possible, to maintain protection in
event of a power outage.
_______________________________________________________________
USING THE PEAK CO MEMORY
The CO Memory Feature lets you check the highest level of CO recorded.
To check CO Memory:
1. Press the Display button until the peak CO level is displayed.
To clear CO Memory:
1. While checking CO memory, press or hold the Display
button until “CLEAR” is displayed.
2. Press or hold the Display button until the CO Memory is
cleared.
NOTE: The highest CO level will be saved, even after an AC power interruption,
until you clear it. DO NOT clear the CO Memory reading if you plan to call
someone to investigate a CO problem! Clear the CO Memory reading only
after the investigator has checked your home.
3
UNDERSTANDING THE LIGHT, HORN, AND DISPLAY PATTERNS
Condition
LED
Horn
Display
NORMAL AC POWER
LED is Green.
Silent
All segments
of display are
turned on for
a short time
upon initial
power. Then
the battery level icon is displayed.
BATTERY BACK-UP POWER
Red LED is flashing once every 45
seconds.
Silent
Flashing battery icon.
DURING TESTING
LED flashes Red in sync with the
horn, simulating an Alarm condition.
The CO alarm horn pattern
(4 beeps, pause, 4 beeps) is issued.
During the simulated
CO alarm, “CO” is
displayed along with
a full alarm level.
Several ppm CO
levels are also
displayed and
the alarm level is
shown increasing.
LOW OR MISSING BATTERY
Green LED On if AC power is present
A chirp is issued about every
minute.
Battery icon will show
an empty icon.
CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM
LED flashes Red in sync with horn
Repeating 4 beeps, pause
“CO” alternating
with the ppm
number, a full level,
and “EVACUATE”.
PRE-ALARM CONDITION
CO IS PRESENT
Green power LED On if AC power is
present
Silent
“CO” alternating with the ppm number.
The level will indicate relative CO
exposure level.
MALFUNCTION SIGNAL
LED flashing Red 3 times in sync
with 3 rapid chirps
3 rapid chirps every minute
“ERROR” is displayed.
LOW BATTERY SILENCE
LED is Green.
Silent
“SILENCE” is displayed.
4
WEEKLY TESTING
SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING
These symptoms are related to CO POISONING and should be discussed with
ALL household members.
• NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You might
accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your home. The
built-in test switch accurately tests the unit’s operation as required
by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL). NEVER use vehicle exhaust!
Exhaust may cause permanent damage and voids your warranty.
• DO NOT stand close to the Alarm when the horn is sounding.
Exposure at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When
testing, step away when horn starts sounding.
Mild Exposure: Slight headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue (“flu-like” symptoms).
Medium Exposure: Throbbing headache, drowsiness, confusion, fast heart rate.
Extreme Exposure: Convulsions, unconsciousness, heart and lung failure.
Exposure to Carbon Monoxide can cause brain damage, death.
This CO Alarm measures exposure to CO over time. It alarms if CO levels
are extremely high in a short period of time, or if CO levels reach a certain
minimum over a long period of time. The CO Alarm generally sounds an alarm
before the onset of symptoms in average, healthy adults. Why is this important? Because you need to be warned of a potential CO problem while you
can still react in time. In many reported cases of CO exposure, victims may be
aware that they are not feeling well, but become disoriented and can no longer
react well enough to exit the building or get help. Also, young children and
pets may be the first affected. The average healthy adult might not feel any
symptoms when the CO Alarm sounds. However, people with cardiac or
respiratory problems, infants, unborn babies, pregnant mothers, or elderly
people can be more quickly and severely affected by CO. If you experience
even mild symptoms of CO poisoning, consult your doctor immediately!
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working
properly. You can test this CO Alarm two ways:
1. Manually: Press the Test/Silence button on the Alarm
cover until alarm sounds.
2. Remote Control: Aim your remote control at the Alarm
and press the CHANNEL or VOLUME button.
If the Alarm does not test properly:
1. Make sure the AC power is applied and batteries are
fresh and installed correctly.
2. Test the unit again.
If the Alarm is still not working properly, replace it immediately. Refer to the
“Limited Warranty” at the end of this manual.
FINDING THE SOURCE OF CO AFTER AN ALARM
Carbon monoxide is an odorless, invisible gas, which often makes it difficult to
locate the source of CO after an alarm. These are a few of the factors that can
make it difficult to locate sources of CO:
• House well ventilated before the investigator arrives.
• Problem caused by “backdrafting.”
• Transient CO problem caused by special circumstances.
Because CO may dissipate by the time an investigator arrives, it may be difficult
to locate the source of CO. BRK Brands, Inc. shall not be obligated to pay
for any carbon monoxide investigation or service call.
If there is still a problem, do not try to fix the Alarm yourself. This will
void your warranty!
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
Use only the replacement batteries listed below. The unit may not operate
properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable batteries since they
may not provide a constant charge.
POTENTIAL SOURCES OF CO IN THE HOME
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance-free as possible, but there
are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly:
• Test it at least once a week.
•
Clean the Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum the outside of the
Alarm using your household vacuum’s soft brush attachment. Test the
Alarm. Never use water, cleaners or solvents since they may damage the
unit.
•
Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See “Where This
Alarm Should Not Be Installed” for details.
•
When the battery back-up becomes weak, the Alarm will “chirp” about
once a minute (the low battery warning). You should replace the battery
immediately to continue your protection. This Alarm must have AC or
battery power to operate. If AC power fails, and the battery is dead
or missing, the Alarm cannot operate.
DO NOT spray cleaning chemicals or insect sprays directly on or near the
Alarm. DO NOT paint over the Alarm. Doing so may permanently damage the
Alarm.
Fuel-burning appliances like: portable heater, gas or wood burning fireplace,
gas kitchen range or cooktop, gas clothes dryer.
Damaged or insufficient venting: corroded or disconnected water heater
vent pipe, leaking chimney pipe or flue, or cracked heat exchanger, blocked or
clogged chimney opening.
CHOOSING A REPLACEMENT BATTERY:
This CO Alarm requires two standard AA batteries. The following batteries are
acceptable as replacements: Energizer E91. These batteries are available at
many local retail stores.
Improper use of appliance/ device: operating a barbecue grill or vehicle in
an enclosed area (like a garage or screened porch).
Transient CO Problems: “transient” or on-again-off-again CO problems can
be caused by outdoor conditions and other special circumstances.
Actual battery service life depends on the Alarm and the environment in which
it is installed. All the batteries specified above are acceptable replacement
batteries for this unit. Regardless of the manufacturer’s suggested battery life,
you MUST replace the battery immediately once the unit starts “chirping” (the
“low battery warning”).
The following conditions can result in transient CO situations:
1. Excessive spillage or reverse venting of fuel appliances caused by outdoor
conditions such as:
• Wind direction and/or velocity, including high, gusty winds. Heavy air in
the vent pipes (cold/humid air with extended periods between cycles).
• Negative pressure differential resulting from the use of exhaust fans.
• Several appliances running at the same time competing for limited fresh
air.
• Vent pipe connections vibrating loose from clothes dryers, furnaces, or
water heaters.
• Obstructions in or unconventional vent pipe designs which can amplify
the above situations.
2. Extended operation of unvented fuel burning devices (range, oven, fireplace).
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CO
WHAT IS CO?
CO is an invisible, odorless, tasteless gas produced when fossil fuels do not
burn completely, or are exposed to heat (usually fire). Electrical appliances
typically do not produce CO.
These fuels include: Wood, coal, charcoal, oil, natural gas, gasoline, kerosene,
and propane.
Common appliances are often sources of CO. If they are not properly maintained, are improperly ventilated, or malfunction, CO levels can rise quickly. CO
is a real danger now that homes are more energy efficient. “Air-tight” homes
with added insulation, sealed windows, and other weatherproofing can “trap”
CO inside.
3. Temperature inversions, which can trap exhaust close to the ground.
4. Car idling in an open or closed attached garage, or near a home.
These conditions are dangerous because they can trap exhaust in your home.
Since these conditions can come and go, they are also hard to recreate during
a CO investigation.
5
GENERAL LIMITATIONS OF CO ALARMS
HOW CAN I PROTECT MY FAMILY FROM CO
POISONING?
This CO Alarm is intended for residential use. It is not intended for use in
industrial applications where Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) requirements for Carbon Monoxide Alarms must be met. This device
is not intended to alert hearing impaired residents.
A CO Alarm is an excellent means of protection. It monitors the air and sounds
a loud alarm before Carbon Monoxide levels become threatening for average,
healthy adults.
A CO Alarm is not a substitute for proper maintenance of home appliances.
CO Alarms may not waken all individuals. If children or others do not readily
waken to the sound of the CO Alarm, or if there are infants or family members
with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them in
the event of an emergency.
To help prevent CO problems and reduce the risk of CO poisoning:
• Clean chimneys and flues yearly. Keep them free of debris, leaves, and
nests for proper air flow. Also, have a professional check for rust and
corrosion, cracks, or separations. These conditions can prevent proper
air movement and cause backdrafting. Never “cap” or cover a chimney
in any way that would block air flow.
This CO Alarm will not sense CO that does not reach the sensors. It will
only sense CO at the sensor. CO may be present in other areas. Doors or
other obstructions may affect the rate at which CO reaches the sensors.
• Test and maintain all fuel-burning equipment annually. Many local gas or
oil companies and HVAC companies offer appliance inspections for a
nominal fee.
CO Alarms may not be heard. The alarm horn loudness meets or exceeds
current UL standards of 85 dB at 10 feet (3 meters). However, if the CO Alarm
is installed outside the bedroom, it may not wake up a sound sleeper or one
who has recently used drugs or has been drinking alcoholic beverages. This
is especially true if the door is closed or only partly open. Even persons who
are awake may not hear the alarm horn if the sound is blocked by distance or
closed doors. Noise from traffic, stereo, radio, television, air conditioner, or
other appliances may also prevent alert persons from hearing the alarm horn.
This CO Alarm is not intended for people who are hearing impaired.
• Make regular visual inspections of all fuel-burning appliances. Check
appliances for excessive rust and scaling. Also check the flame on the
burner and pilot lights. The flame should be blue. A yellow flame means
fuel is not being burned completely and CO may be present. Keep the
blower door on the furnace closed. Use vents or fans when they are
available on all fuel-burning appliances. Make sure appliances are
vented to the outside. Do not grill or barbecue indoors, or in garages
or on screen porches.
This CO Alarm is not a substitute for life insurance. Though this CO Alarm
warns against increasing CO levels, BRK Brands, Inc. does not warrant or
imply in any way that they will protect lives. Homeowners and renters must
still insure their lives.
• Check for exhaust backflow from CO sources. Check the draft hood on
an operating furnace for a backdraft. Look for cracks on furnace heat
exchangers.
This CO Alarm is not foolproof. Like all other electronic devices, this CO
Alarm has limitations. It can only detect CO that reaches the sensors. It may
not give early warning if the source of CO is in a remote part of the home,
away from the alarm device.
• Check the house or garage on the other side of shared wall.
• Keep windows and doors open slightly. If you suspect that CO is
escaping into your home, open a window or a door. Opening windows
and doors can significantly decrease CO levels.
This CO Alarm has a limited life. Although this CO Alarm and all of its
parts have passed many stringent tests and are designed to be as reliable as
possible, any of these parts could fail at any time. Therefore, you must test this
device weekly. The unit should be replaced immediately if it is not operating
properly.
In addition, familiarize yourself with all enclosed materials. Read this
manual in its entirety, and make sure you understand what to do if your
CO Alarm sounds.
REGULATORY INFORMATION FOR CO ALARMS
REGULATORY INFORMATION FOR CO ALARMS
WHAT LEVELS OF CO CAUSE AN ALARM?
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Standard UL2034 requires residential CO
Alarms to sound when exposed to levels of CO and exposure times as
described below. They are measured in parts per million (ppm) of CO over
time (in minutes).
UL2034 Required Alarm Points*:
• If the alarm is exposed to 400 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM BETWEEN
4 and 15 MINUTES.
• If the alarm is exposed to 150 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM BETWEEN
10 and 50 MINUTES.
• If the alarm is exposed to 70 ppm if CO, IT MUST ALARM BETWEEN
60 and 240 MINUTES.
* Approximately 10% COHb exposure at levels of 10% to 95% Relative
Humidity (RH).
The unit is designed not to alarm when exposed to a constant level of 30 ppm
for 30 days.
CO Alarms are designed to alarm before there is an immediate life threat.
Since you cannot see or smell CO, never assume it’s not present.
•
An exposure to 100 ppm of CO for 20 minutes may not affect average,
healthy adults, but after 4 hours the same level may cause headaches.
•
An exposure to 400 ppm of CO may cause headaches in average, healthy
adults after 35 minutes, but can cause death after 2 hours.
Standards: Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Single and Multiple Station carbon
monoxide alarms UL2034.
According to Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL2034, Section 1-1.2: “Carbon
monoxide alarms covered by these requirements are intended to respond to
the presence of carbon monoxide from sources such as, but not limited to,
exhaust from internal-combustion engines, abnormal operation of fuel-fired
appliances, and fireplaces. CO Alarms are intended to alarm at carbon
monoxide levels below those that could cause a loss of ability to react to the
dangers of Carbon Monoxide exposure.” This CO Alarm monitors the air at the
Alarm, and is designed to alarm before CO levels become life threatening. This
allows you precious time to leave the house and correct the problem. This is
only possible if Alarms are located, installed, and maintained as described in
this manual.
Gas Detection at Typical Temperature and Humidity Ranges: The CO
Alarm is not formulated to detect CO levels below 30 ppm typically.
Audible Alarm: 85 dB minimum at 10 feet (3 meters).
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TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
If your Alarm does this...
It means...
You should...
Green light is OFF. Unit will not alarm when you
press the Test/Silence button.
Unit may not be receiving any power.
Check the AC power supply. Make sure fresh
batteries are installed to power the battery back-
Red light flashes ON, once a minute (horn is silent).
Alarm is not receiving AC power. Unit is operating on
battery back-up.
Check the AC power supply.
The horn “chirps” once a minute.
Low battery warning. Battery is low or missing.
Replace the battery. Avoid interrupting AC power.
Once a minute, the alarm sounds 3 quick “chirps”,
and the Red light flashes quickly three times.
MALFUNCTION SIGNAL. Unit needs to be replaced.
Based on self-diagnostic tests, the unit has detected a
fault or the Alarm has reached its end-of-life, 5 years.
Units under warranty should be returned to
manufacturer for replacement. See “Limited
Warranty” for details.
The horn sounds constantly with no pattern and
cannot be silenced.
Unit malfunction. Unit needs to be replaced.
Units under warranty should be returned to
manufacturer for replacement. See “Limited
Warranty” for details.
Alarm goes back into alarm after you pressed the
Test/Silence button.
CO levels are still potentially dangerous.
Refer to “If Your CO Alarm Sounds” for details on
how to respond to an alarm. If anyone is feeling ill,
EVACUATE your home immediately and call 911.
Alarm sounds frequently even though no high levels
of CO are revealed in an investigation.
The Alarm may be improperly located. Refer to
“Where to Install This Alarm.”
Relocate your alarm. If frequent alarms continue,
have home rechecked for potential problems. You
may be experiencing an intermittent CO problem.
*For a list of acceptable replacement batteries, see “Regular Maintenance.”
If you have any questions that cannot be answered by reading this manual, call Consumer Affairs: 1-800-323-9005.
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of First Alert® brand products warrants that for a period of five years from the date of purchase, this product will be free from
defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product found to be defective during the warranty
period. Replacement will be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no longer available, replacement may be made with a similar
product of equal or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt. Proof of purchase is
required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do not have the right to alter, modify or any way change
the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on improper voltage or
current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service center. Further, the warranty
does not cover Acts of God, such as fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the extent prohibited by
applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of the above warranty. Some states,
provinces or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the
above limitations or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state or
province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer. In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at 1-800-323-9005,
7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, Monday through Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the model number and date of purchase available when
calling. 25 Spur Drive, El Paso, TX 79906
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose with respect
to battery.
For your records, please record:
Date Purchased: _______________________________
Where Purchased: ____________________________________________
Date Installed: ____________/____________Month/Year
Replacement date is five years after installation:__________/__________
Month/Year
NOTE: End of Life Signal — Once the unit reaches the end of its
lifecycle, the MALFUNCTION SIGNAL will sound once a minute to
indicate the need to immediately replace the Alarm.
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
Printed in Mexico M08-0150-001 Q 10/06
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