User`s manual | First Alert FCD2B Carbon Monoxide Alarm User Manual

INTRODUCTION
BASIC SAFETY INFORMATION
USER’S MANUAL
120V PLUG-IN CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM WITH
BATTERY BACK-UP AND SILENCE FEATURE
~
120V AC ,
60 Hz, 0.09A
M08-0084-001 S 07/04 Printed in Mexico
•
Dangers, Warnings, and Cautions alert you to important
operating instructions or to potentially hazardous situations.
Pay special attention to these items.
•
THIS IS NOT A SMOKE ALARM! This CO Alarm is designed to
detect carbon monoxide from ANY source of combustion. It is
NOT designed to detect smoke, fire, or any other gas.
•
This CO Alarm is approved for use in single-family residences.
It is NOT designed for marine or RV use.
•
This CO Alarm will only indicate the presence of carbon
monoxide gas at the sensor. Carbon monoxide gas may be
present in other areas.
•
The Silence Feature is for your convenience only and will not
correct a CO problem. Always check your home for a potential
problem after any alarm. Failure to do so can result in injury or
death.
•
This CO Alarm should receive continuous 120VAC, 60 Hz, pure
sine wave electrical power. (The battery is meant for emergency
back-up only). Do not use in an extension cord or outlet controlled by a dimmer or switch. In order for the emergency battery back-up to work, a working (fresh) battery must be properly installed.
•
NEVER ignore your Carbon Monoxide Alarm if it alarms. Refer
to “If Your CO Alarm Sounds” for more information. Failure to
do so can result in injury or death.
•
Test the CO Alarm once a week. If the CO Alarm ever fails to
test correctly, have it replaced immediately! If the CO Alarm is
not working properly, it cannot alert you to a problem.
•
This product is intended for use in ordinary indoor locations of
family living units. It is not designed to measure CO levels in
compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) commercial or industrial standards. Individuals with
medical conditions that may make them more sensitive to
carbon monoxide may consider using warning devices which
provide audible and visual signals for carbon monoxide concentrations under 30 ppm. For additional information on carbon
monoxide and your medical condition contact your physician.
Model FCD2BT
IMPORTANT!
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This user’s manual contains important information about your Carbon
Monoxide (CO) Alarm’s operation. If you are installing this CO Alarm for
use by others, you must leave this manual—or a copy of it—with the
end user.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Basic Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
How Your CO Alarm Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Understanding Your CO Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Where to Install CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Where CO Alarms Should NOT Be Installed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
How to Install Your CO Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
If Your CO Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
If the Alarm Signal Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Using the Silence Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Testing and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Replacing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
What You Need To Know About CO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4
What is CO? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Symptoms of CO Poisoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Finding the Source of CO After an Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
How Can I Protect My Family? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Potential Sources Of CO In The Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL2034 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
General Limitations Of CO Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
HOW YOUR CO ALARM WORKS
GENERAL INFORMATION
Leave your CO Alarm plugged in year-round. CO problems can
occur any time during the year, and this Alarm can only alert you if it
is plugged in and receiving power.
This CO Alarm is intended for use in a standard, unswitched 120V AC
wall outlet. It is not intended for use in extension cords, power strips, or
outlets controlled by a switch or dimmer. These may not provide continuous power to the unit. When fully powered, the unit samples the air and
takes a new reading about every second. A microchip inside the unit
stores each reading, and remembers the levels of CO it has been
exposed to over time. The Alarm sounds when it has been exposed to a
“critical” level of CO (measured in parts per million or “ppm”) within a
specified time (measured in minutes). This CO Alarm features a permanently installed sensor, an indicator light, and an 85dB alarm horn. It also
has a Silence Feature to temporarily quiet the alarm horn.
MALFUNCTION WARNING
This unit performs self-diagnostic tests approximately every second.
If the Alarm malfunctions, it should be replaced immediately.
THE COVER OF YOUR CO ALARM
All Rights Reserved. © 2004 BRK Brands, Inc.
BRK Brands, Inc., 3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005 • www.firstalert.com
2
1
3
1
1
Test/Silence Button
2
POWER/ALARM Light
(Red)
3
Air Vents
4
Alarm Horn: 85dB
audible alarm for test,
alarm, and unit
malfunction warning.
WHERE CO ALARMS SHOULD NOT BE
INSTALLED
UNDERSTANDING YOUR CO ALARM
What you see and hear during installation
WHEN YOU FIRST INSTALL
THE BATTERY:
DO NOT LOCATE THIS CO ALARM:
UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS
(AC POWER):
HORN: May chirp briefly
HORN: Silent
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes once a minute
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Shines continuously
WHEN YOU FIRST PLUG-IN
THE CO ALARM:
WHEN YOU TEST THE CO
ALARM:
HORN: May chirp briefly
HORN: Sounds loudly - 4
beeps, pause, 4 beeps,
pause
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Shines continuously
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes rapidly
•
In garages, kitchens, furnace rooms, or in any extremely dusty,
dirty or greasy areas.
•
Closer than 15 feet (4.6 meters) from a furnace or other fuel
burning heat source, or fuel burning appliances like a water heater.
•
Within 5 feet (1.5 meters) of any cooking appliance.
•
In extremely humid areas. This Alarm should be at least 10 feet (3
meters) from a bath or shower, sauna, humidifier, vaporizer, dishwasher, laundry room, utility room or other source of high humidity.
•
In areas where temperature is colder than 40˚F (4˚C) or hotter than
100˚F (38˚C). These areas include non-airconditioned crawl spaces,
unfinished attics, uninsulated or poorly insulated ceilings, porches,
and garages.
•
In turbulent air, like near ceiling fans, heat vents, air conditioners,
fresh air returns, or open windows. Blowing air may prevent CO
from reaching the sensors.
•
In direct sunlight.
•
In outlets covered by curtains or other obstruction.
•
This CO Alarm is designed for use inside a single-family home
or apartment. It is not meant to be used in common lobbies,
hallways, or basements of multi-family buildings unless working
CO Alarms are also installed in each family living unit. CO
Alarms in common areas may not be heard from inside individual family living units.
This CO Alarm alone is not a suitable substitute for complete
detection systems in places which house many people, like
hotels or dormitories, unless a CO Alarm is also placed in each
unit.
DO NOT use this CO Alarm in warehouses, industrial or commercial buildings, special-purpose non-residential buildings,
RVs, boats, or airplanes. This CO Alarm is specifically designed
for residential use, and may not provide adequate protection in
non-residential applications.
What you see and hear under different conditions:
DURING A POWER FAILURE
(IN BATTERY BACK-UP):
IF BATTERY BECOMES LOW
OR IS MISSING:
HORN: Silent
HORN: Chirps once a minute
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes once a minute.
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes once a minute
WHEN THE ELECTRICITY
COMES BACK ON AFTER A
POWER FAILURE:
IF THE CO ALARM IS NOT
OPERATING PROPERLY:
HORN: May chirp briefly
HORN: Three rapid chirps
every minute
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Shines continuously.
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes three times with
the horn.
•
•
What you see and hear if CO is detected:
PRE-ALARM LEVELS:
IF YOU SILENCE THE ALARM:
HORN: Silent
HORN: Silent for about
4 minutes
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
On continuously
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes rapidly
ALARM LEVELS OF CO ARE
DETECTED:
Note: After 4 minutes, if
CO levels drop below alarm
levels, the unit will remain
silent and return to normal
operation.
If CO presence still indicates
a potentially dangerous
situation, the horn will sound
again.
HORN: Sounds loudly - 4
beeps, pause, 4 beeps,
pause.
This sequence repeats for as
long as the unit is in alarm*
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Flashes rapidly
*Note: If unit goes into alarm
under battery back-up power,
the regular 4 beeps-brief
pause cycle will repeat for
four minutes. After four
minutes, the pause will
increase to 1 minute.
HOW TO INSTALL YOUR CO ALARM
Quick reference:
IF THE CO LEVELS RETURN
TO NORMAL:
•
Install the 9V battery to activate
the battery back-up.
•
Plug the Alarm into a standard
120V unswitched outlet.
•
Test the CO Alarm.
ACTIVATE THE BATTERY BACK-UP
1.
HORN: Silent
2.
POWER/ALARM LIGHT:
Shines continuously
3.
Open the battery compartment on the
back of the Alarm.
Connect the battery to the battery
contacts, making sure it cannot shake
loose.
Close the battery compartment
completely.
INSTALLATION
The battery back-up is designed to provide
emergency power to the CO Alarm for at
least 7 days. Actual back-up time depends
on the strength (freshness) of the battery.
The battery back-up will not work unless a
good battery is properly installed.
WHERE TO INSTALL CO ALARMS
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends that a CO Alarm
should be centrally located outside of each separate sleeping area in the
immediate vicinity of the bedrooms. For added protection, install additional
CO Alarms in each separate bedroom, and on every level of your home.
If your bedroom hallway is longer than 40 feet (12 meters), install a CO Alarm
at BOTH ends of the hallway.
PLUG THE ALARM INTO AN OUTLET
1.
2.
3.
BEDROOM
BEDROOM
BEDROOM
Plug the unit into a standard UNSWITCHED 120V AC outlet. The
unit should be located where it can wake you if it alarms at night.
Make sure the POWER/ALARM light shines continuously when you
plug it in. The horn may “chirp” during power up, or when power is
restored after an outage.
Test by pressing the Test/Silence button firmly until the unit sounds:
four loud beeps, pause, 4 beeps. During testing, the
POWER/ALARM light will flash rapidly. This is normal.
PREPARE YOUR ALARM LABELS
KITCHEN
LIVING ROOM
HALL
GARAGE
Find the pair of self-adhesive labels included with this CO Alarm.
•
On each label write in the phone number of your emergency
responder (like 911) and a qualified appliance technician.
•
Place one label near the CO Alarm, and the other label in the “fresh
air” location you plan to go if the alarm sounds.
NOTE: A qualified appliance technician is defined as “a person, firm,
corporation, or company that either in person or through a representative,
is engaged in and responsible for the installation, testing, servicing, or
replacement of heating, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC) equipment,
combustion appliances and equipment, and/or gas fireplaces or other
decorative combustion equipment.”
BASEMENT
REQUIRED TO MEET NFPA RECOMMENDATIONS
SUGGESTED AREAS FOR INSTALLING ADDITIONAL CO ALARMS
In a Single-level Home:
•
Install at least one CO Alarm near or within each separate sleeping area.
•
For added protection, install an additional CO Alarm at least 20 feet
(6 meters) away from the furnace or fuel burning heat source.
In a Multi-level Home:
•
Install at least one CO Alarm near or within each separate sleeping area.
•
For added protection, install at least one CO Alarm on each level of the
home. If you have a basement, install that CO Alarm at the top of the
basement stairs.
•
For added protection, install an additional CO Alarm at least 20 feet
(6 meters) away from the furnace or fuel burning heat source.
This unit should receive continuous electrical power. (The battery is
meant for emergency back-up only). Choose an outlet where it can’t be
accidentally unplugged or switched off by children. Keep small children
away from the unit. Teach them not to play with it or unplug it. Explain
what the alarms mean.
2
IF YOUR CO ALARM SOUNDS
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
To keep the CO Alarm working properly:
•
Test it every week as described in “Weekly Testing.”
Actuation of your CO Alarm indicates the presence of carbon
monoxide (CO) which can kill you. In other words, when your CO
Alarm sounds, you must not ignore it!
•
Vacuum the CO Alarm cover at least once a month, using the soft
brush attachment. Never use water, cleaners, or solvents, since they
may damage the unit. Test the Alarm again after vacuuming.
•
Replace the battery immediately when you hear the “Low Battery
Warning”.
IF THE ALARM SIGNAL SOUNDS:
1.
Operate the Test/Silence button.
2.
Call your emergency services, fire department or 911. Write down
the number of your local emergency service here:
3.
Immediately move to fresh air—outdoors or by an open door or
window. Do a head count to check that all persons are accounted
for. Do not re-enter the premises, or move away from the open door
or window until the emergency services responder has arrived, the
premises have been aired out, and your CO Alarm remains in its
normal condition.
4.
After following steps 1-3, if your CO Alarm reactivates within a
24-hour period, repeat steps 1-3 and call a qualified appliance
technician to investigate for sources of CO from fuel-burning
equipment and appliances, and inspect for proper operation of this
equipment. If problems are identified during this inspection have the
equipment serviced immediately. Note any combustion equipment
not inspected by the technician, and consult the manufacturers’
instructions, or contact the manufacturers directly, for more
information about CO safety and this equipment. Make sure that
motor vehicles are not, and have not, been operating in an attached
garage or adjacent to the residence. Write down the number of a
qualified appliance technician here:
The Low (or Missing) Battery Warning: The horn will “chirp” once a
minute.
_____________________________________________________________
REPLACING THE BATTERY
Choosing a Replacement Battery:
This unit requires one standard 9V alkaline battery. The following alkaline
batteries are acceptable as replacements: Duracell #MN1604 or MX1604;
Eveready “Energizer” 522. You can also use an Ultralife 9 volt lithium battery #U9VL for longer service life between battery changes. These
replacement batteries are commonly available at local retail stores.
Use only the alkaline or lithium replacement batteries listed. The unit
may not operate properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable
batteries since they may not provide a constant charge.
To Replace The Battery:
1. Open the battery compartment.
2. Use the thumb guide to remove the old battery.
3. Insert the new battery, making sure it snaps completely into the
battery terminals and cannot be shaken loose.
4. Close the battery compartment, then test the battery back-up by
pressing the Test/Silence button.
5. Plug the CO Alarm back into the outlet.
_____________________________________________________________
“ALARM-MOVE TO FRESH AIR”
If you hear the alarm horn and the red
light is flashing, move everyone to a
source of fresh air.
DO NOT spray cleaning chemicals or insect sprays directly on or
near the CO Alarm. DO NOT paint over the CO Alarm. Doing so may
cause permanent damage.
DO NOT unplug the CO Alarm!
•
Alarms have various limitations. See "General Limitations of CO
Alarms" for details.
•
USING THE SILENCE FEATURES
The Silence Feature is intended to temporarily silence your CO Alarm’s
alarm horn while you correct the problem—it will not correct a CO problem. While the Alarm is silenced, it will continue to monitor the air for CO.
When CO reaches alarm levels, the Alarm will sound— repeating horn
pattern: 4 beeps, a pause, 4 beeps, etc. Press and hold the Test/Silence
button until the horn is silent. The Silence cycle will last approximately
4 minutes.
NOTE: After 4-minute Silence cycle, the CO Alarm re-evaluates present
CO levels and responds accordingly. If CO levels remain potentially
dangerous—or start rising higher—the horn will start sounding again.
•
•
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CO
WHAT IS CO?
CO is an invisible, odorless, tasteless gas produced when fossil fuels do
not burn completely, or are exposed to heat (usually fire). Electrical appliances typically do not produce CO.
These fuels include: Wood, coal, charcoal, oil, natural gas, gasoline,
kerosene, and propane.
Common appliances are often sources of CO. If they are not properly
maintained, are improperly ventilated, or malfunction, CO levels can rise
quickly. CO is a real danger now that homes are more energy efficient.
“Air-tight” homes with added insulation, sealed windows, and other
weatherproofing can “trap” CO inside.
The Silence Feature is for your convenience only and will not
correct a CO problem. Always check your home for a potential
problem after any alarm. Failure to do so can result in injury or
death.
NEVER disconnect your CO Alarm to silence the horn. Use the
Silence Feature. Unplugging the CO Alarm and removing the
batteries removes your protection!
SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING
These symptoms are related to CO POISONING and should be discussed with ALL household members.
Mild Exposure:
Slight headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue (“flu-like” symptoms).
Medium Exposure:
Throbbing headache, drowsiness, confusion, fast heart rate.
Extreme Exposure:
Convulsions, unconsciousness, heart and lung failure. Exposure to
carbon monoxide can cause brain damage, death.
SILENCING THE LOW BATTERY WARNING
Pressing the silence button can stop the low battery “chirp” for up to 8
hours; do not remove the battery or unplug the Alarm, unless changing
the battery.
Once the low battery warning “chirp” silence feature is activated, the
unit continues to flash the red light once a minute for 8 hours. After 8
hours, the low battery “chirp” will resume. Replace the battery as soon
as possible.
This CO Alarm measures exposure to CO over time. It alarms if CO
levels are extremely high in a short period of time, or if CO levels reach a
certain minimum over a long period of time. The CO Alarm generally
sounds an alarm before the onset of symptoms in average, healthy
adults. Why is this important? Because you need to be warned of a
potential CO problem while you can still react in time. In many reported
cases of CO exposure, victims may be aware that they are not feeling
well, but become disoriented and can no longer react well enough to exit
the building or get help. Also, young children and pets may be the first
affected. The average healthy adult might not feel any symptoms when
the CO Alarm sounds. However, people with cardiac or respiratory problems, infants, unborn babies, pregnant mothers, or elderly people can be
more quickly and severely affected by CO. If you experience even mild
symptoms of CO poisoning, consult your doctor immediately!
To deactivate this feature: Press the Test/Silence button again. The unit
will go into Test Mode and the low battery warning will resume (LED
flashes and unit sounds “chirp” once a minute.)
If you cannot silence the low battery warning, replace your battery
immediately.
TESTING AND MAINTENANCE
WEEKLY TESTING
Press the Test/Silence button on the Alarm cover until alarm sounds.
During testing, you will hear a loud alarm sequence – 4 beeps, pause,
4 beeps, pause.
•
•
•
Household cleaners, aerosol chemicals and other contaminants
can affect the sensor. When using any of these materials near the
CO Alarm, make sure the room is well ventilated.
If your home is being fumigated, unplug the unit temporarily and
put it where it will not be exposed to chemicals or fumes. When
fumigation is complete and all traces of fumes clear, plug the unit
back in and retest it.
FINDING THE SOURCE OF CO AFTER AN ALARM
Carbon monoxide is an odorless, invisible gas, which often makes it
difficult to locate the source of CO after an alarm. These are a few of the
factors that can make it difficult to locate sources of CO:
If the Alarm ever fails to test properly, replace it immediately.
Products under warranty may be returned to the manufacturer
for replacement. See “Limited Warranty” at the end of this
manual.
DO NOT stand close to the Alarm when the horn is sounding.
Exposure at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When
testing, step away when horn starts sounding.
NEVER use vehicle exhaust! Exhaust may cause permanent
damage and voids your warranty.
•
House well ventilated before the investigator arrives.
•
Problem caused by “backdrafting.”
•
Transient CO problem caused by special circumstances.
Because CO may dissipate by the time an investigator arrives, it may be
difficult to locate the source of CO. BRK Brands, Inc. shall not be obligated to pay for any carbon monoxide investigation or service call.
3
HOW CAN I PROTECT MY FAMILY?
•
Make regular visual inspections of all fuel-burning appliances. Check
appliances for excessive rust and scaling. Also check the flame on the
burner and pilot lights. The flame should be blue. A yellow flame means fuel
is not being burned completely and CO may be present. Keep the blower
door on the furnace closed. Use vents or fans when they are available on
all fuel-burning appliances. Make sure appliances are vented to the outside.
Do not grill or barbecue indoors, or in garages or on screen porches.
•
Check for exhaust backflow from CO sources. Check the draft hood on an
operating furnace for a backdraft. Look for cracks on furnace heat
exchangers.
•
Check the house or garage on the other side of shared wall.
•
Keep windows and doors open slightly. If you suspect that CO is escaping
into your home, open a window or a door. Opening windows and doors can
significantly decrease CO levels.
In addition, familiarize yourself with all enclosed materials. Read this
manual in its entirety, and make sure you understand what to do if your
CO Alarm sounds.
A CO Alarm is an excellent means of protection. It monitors the air and sounds a
loud alarm before carbon monoxide levels become threatening for average,
healthy adults.
A CO Alarm is not a substitute for proper maintenance of home appliances.
To help prevent CO problems and reduce the risk of CO poisoning:
•
Clean chimneys and flues yearly. Keep them free of debris, leaves, and
nests for proper air flow. Also, have a professional check for rust and corrosion, cracks, or separations. These conditions can prevent proper air movement and cause backdrafting. Never “cap” or cover a chimney in any way
that would block air flow.
• Test and maintain all fuel-burning equipment annually. Many local gas or oil
companies and HVAC companies offer appliance inspections for a nominal
fee.
POTENTIAL SOURCES OF CO IN THE HOME
Transient CO Problems: “transient” or on-again-off-again CO problems can be
caused by outdoor conditions and other special circumstances.
The following conditions can result in transient CO situations:
1. Excessive spillage or reverse venting of fuel appliances caused by outdoor
conditions such as:
• Wind direction and/or velocity, including high, gusty winds. Heavy air in
the vent pipes (cold/humid air with extended periods between cycles).
• Negative pressure differential resulting from the use of exhaust fans.
• Several appliances running at the same time competing for limited
fresh air.
• Vent pipe connections vibrating loose from clothes dryers, furnaces, or
water heaters.
• Obstructions in or unconventional vent pipe designs which can amplify
the above situations.
Fuel-burning appliances like: portable heater, gas or wood burning fireplace,
gas kitchen range or cooktop, gas clothes dryer.
Damaged or insufficient venting: corroded or disconnected water heater vent
pipe, leaking chimney pipe or flue, or cracked heat exchanger, blocked or
clogged chimney opening.
2.
Extended operation of unvented fuel burning devices (range, oven,
fireplace).
3.
Temperature inversions, which can trap exhaust close to the ground.
4.
Car idling in an open or closed attached garage, or near a home.
These conditions are dangerous because they can trap exhaust in your home.
Since these conditions can come and go, they are also hard to recreate during a
CO investigation.
Improper use of appliance/device: operating a barbecue grill or vehicle in an
enclosed area (like a garage or screened porch).
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES INC. UL2034
Standards: Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Single and Multiple Station carbon
monoxide alarms UL2034.
WHAT LEVELS OF CO CAUSE AN ALARM?
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. Standard UL2034 requires residential CO Alarms
to sound when exposed to levels of CO and exposure times as described
below. CO levels are measured in parts per million (ppm) of CO over time (in
minutes).
UL2034 Required Alarm Points*:
•
If the alarm is exposed to 400 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM BETWEEN
4 and 15 MINUTES
•
If the alarm is exposed to 150 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM BETWEEN
10 and 50 MINUTES.
•
If the alarm is exposed to 70 ppm of CO, IT MUST ALARM BETWEEN
60 and 240 MINUTES.
* Approximately 10% COHb exposure at levels of 15% to 95% Relative
Humidity (RH).
The unit is designed not to alarm when exposed to a constant level
of 30 ppm for 30 days.
According to Underwriters Laboratories Inc. UL2034, Section 1-1.2: “Carbon
monoxide alarms covered by these requirements are intended to respond to
the presence of carbon monoxide from sources such as, but not limited to,
exhaust from internal-combustion engines, abnormal operation of fuel-fired
appliances, and fireplaces. CO Alarms are intended to alarm at carbon
monoxide levels below those that could cause a loss of ability to react to the
dangers of Carbon Monoxide exposure.” This CO Alarm monitors the air at
the Alarm, and is designed to alarm before CO levels become life threatening.
This allows you precious time to leave the house and correct the problem.
This is only possible if Alarms are located, installed, and maintained as
described in this manual.
Gas Detection at Typical Temperature and Humidity Ranges: The CO Alarm
is not formulated to detect CO levels below 30 ppm typically. UL tested for
false alarm resistance to Methane (500 ppm), Butane (300 ppm), Heptane (500
ppm), Ethyl Acetate (200 ppm), Isopropyl Alcohol (200 ppm) and Carbon
Dioxide (5000 ppm). Values measure gas and vapor concentrations in parts
per million.
CO Alarms are designed to alarm before there is an immediate life threat.
Since you cannot see or smell CO, never assume it’s not present.
•
An exposure to 100 ppm of CO for 20 minutes may not affect average,
healthy adults, but after 4 hours the same level may cause headaches.
•
An exposure to 400 ppm of CO may cause headaches in average, healthy
adults after 35 minutes, but can cause death after 2 hours.
Audible Alarm: 85dB minimum at 10 feet.
GENERAL LIMITATIONS OF CO ALARMS
This CO Alarm is intended for residential use. It is not intended for use in
industrial applications where Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) requirements for carbon monoxide detectors must
be met.
CO Alarms may not be heard. The alarm horn loudness meets or exceeds
current UL standards of 85 dB at 10 feet. However, if the CO Alarm is installed
outside the bedroom, it may not wake up a sound sleeper or one who has
recently used drugs or has been drinking alcoholic beverages. This is especially
true if the door is closed or only partly open. Even persons who are awake may
not hear the alarm horn if the sound is blocked by distance or closed doors.
Noise from traffic, stereo, radio, television, air conditioner, or other appliances
may also prevent alert persons from hearing the alarm horn. This CO Alarm is
not intended for people who are hearing impaired.
CO Alarms may not waken all individuals. If children or others do not readily
waken to the sound of the CO Alarm, or if there are infants or family members
with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them in
the event of an emergency.
CO Alarms will not work without power. This CO Alarm requires a continuous
supply of AC power. Plug into an unswitched 120V AC outlet only.
CO Alarms are not a substitute for a smoke alarm. Although fire is a source
of carbon monoxide, this CO Alarm does not sense smoke or fire. This CO
Alarm senses CO that may be escaping unnoticed from malfunctioning furnaces, appliances, or other sources. Early warning of fire requires the installation
of smoke alarms.
CO Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup power
systems: AC powered CO Alarms should only be operated with true or pure
sine wave inverters. Operating this CO Alarm with most battery-powered UPS
(uninterruptible power supply) products or square wave or “quasi sine wave”
inverters will damage the Alarm. If you are not sure about your inverter or
UPS type, please consult with the manufacturer to verify.
CO Alarms are not a substitute for life insurance. Though these CO Alarms
warn against increasing CO levels, BRK Brands, Inc. does not warrant or imply
in any way that they will protect lives from CO poisoning. Homeowners and
renters must still insure their lives.
This CO Alarm will not sense carbon monoxide that does not reach the
sensor. This CO Alarm will only sense CO at the sensor. CO may be present in
other areas. Doors or other obstructions may affect the rate at which CO reaches the CO Alarm. For this reason, if bedroom doors are usually closed at night,
we recommend you install a CO Alarm in each bedroom and in the hallway
between them.
CO Alarms have a limited life. Although the CO Alarm and all of its parts have
passed many stringent tests and are designed to be as reliable as possible, any
of these parts could fail at any time. Therefore, you must test your CO Alarm
weekly.
CO Alarms are not foolproof. Like all other electronic devices, CO Alarms have
limitations. They can only detect CO that reaches their sensors. They may not
give early warning to rising CO levels if the CO is coming from a remote part of
the home, away from the CO Alarm.
CO Alarms may not sense CO on another level of the home. For example,
a CO Alarm on the second level, near the bedrooms, may not sense CO in the
basement. For this reason, one CO Alarm may not give adequate warning.
Complete coverage is recommended. Place CO Alarms on each level of the
home.
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TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEM...
THIS MEANS...
YOU SHOULD...
Red light is OFF. Unit will not alarm when you
press the Test/Silence button.
CO Alarms may not be plugged all the way in, or
is not receiving power.
Gently push unit all the way into outlet. Make sure
it is not plugged into an outlet controlled by a
switch.
Three rapid chirps every minute. Red light
FLASHES.
Malfunction. CO Alarm needs to be replaced.
Make sure unit is plugged in securely.
CO Alarms under warranty should be returned to
manufacturer for replacement. See “Limited
Warranty” for details.
CO Alarm goes back into alarm 4 minutes after
you press the Test/Silence button.
CO levels are still potentially dangerous.
Refer to “If Your CO Alarm Sounds” for details on
how to respond to an alarm. If anyone is feeling ill,
EVACUATE your home immediately.
CO Alarm sounds frequently even though no high
levels of CO are revealed in an investigation.
The CO Alarm may be improperly located. Refer
to “Where to Install CO Alarms.”
Relocate your Alarm. If frequent alarms continue,
have home rechecked for potential CO problems.
You may be experiencing an intermittent CO
problem.
If you have any questions that cannot be answered by reading this manual, call Consumer Affairs at 1-800-323-9005.
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc. ("BRK") the maker of First Alert® brand products, warrants that for a period of 5 years from the date of purchase, this product will be free
from defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product found to be defective during the warranty period. Replacement will be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no longer available, replacement
may be made with a similar product of equal or greater value This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt. Proof of
purchase is required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do not have the right to alter, modify
or any way change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on improper
voltage or current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service center.
Further, the warranty does not cover acts of God, such as fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the extent prohibited by applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of the above warranty.
Some states, provinces, or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how long an implied
warranty lasts, so the above limitations or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights
that vary from state to state, or province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service:
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer. In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at
1-800-323-9005, 7:30 AM to 5:00 PM, Central Standard Time, Monday through Friday. To assist in serving you, please have the model number and date
of purchase available when calling.
303 Nelson Avenue, Neosho, MO 64850-8806
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose with
respect to battery.
For your records, please record:
Date Purchased: ____________________________
Where Purchased: ___________________________
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
Printed in Mexico M08-0084-001 S 07/04
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