Service manual | Fishman Loudbox 100 Musical Instrument User Manual

SVM103-A
TM
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POWER-ARC 4000
December 1995
For use with machine code number 10083
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View Safety Info
Safety Depends on You
Lincoln arc welding and cutting
equipment is designed and
built with safety in mind.
However, your overall safety
can be increased by proper
installation . . . and thoughtful
operation on your part. DO
NOT INSTALL, OPERATE OR
REPAIR THIS EQUIPMENT
WITHOUT READING THIS
MANUAL AND THE SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS CONTAINED
THROUGHOUT. And, most
importantly, think before you
act and be careful.
SERVICE MANUAL
World’s Leader in Welding and Cutting Products
Premier Manufacturer of Industrial Motors
Sales and Service through subsidiaries and Distributors Worldwide
22801 St. Clair Ave. Cleveland, Ohio 44117-1199 U.S.A. Tel. (216) 481-8100
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i
SAFETY
WARNING
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNINGS
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents
are known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm.
The Above For Diesel Engines
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
The Above For Gasoline Engines
ARC WELDING CAN BE HAZARDOUS. PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS SHOULD CONSULT WITH THEIR DOCTOR BEFORE OPERATING.
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Read and understand the following safety highlights. For additional safety information, it is strongly recommended that you
purchase a copy of “Safety in Welding & Cutting - ANSI Standard Z49.1” from the American Welding Society, P.O. Box
351040, Miami, Florida 33135 or CSA Standard W117.2-1974. A Free copy of “Arc Welding Safety” booklet E205 is available
from the Lincoln Electric Company, 22801 St. Clair Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44117-1199.
BE SURE THAT ALL INSTALLATION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR PROCEDURES ARE
FOR ENGINE
powered equipment.
1.h. To avoid scalding, do not remove the
radiator pressure cap when the engine is
hot.
1.a. Turn the engine off before troubleshooting and maintenance
work unless the maintenance work requires it to be running.
____________________________________________________
1.b.Operate engines in open, well-ventilated
areas or vent the engine exhaust fumes
outdoors.
____________________________________________________
1.c. Do not add the fuel near an open flame welding arc or when the engine is running. Stop
the engine and allow it to cool before refueling to prevent spilled fuel from vaporizing on
contact with hot engine parts and igniting. Do
not spill fuel when filling tank. If fuel is spilled,
wipe it up and do not start engine until fumes
have been eliminated.
____________________________________________________
1.d. Keep all equipment safety guards, covers and devices in position and in good repair.Keep hands, hair, clothing and tools
away from V-belts, gears, fans and all other moving parts
when starting, operating or repairing equipment.
____________________________________________________
1.e. In some cases it may be necessary to remove safety
guards to perform required maintenance. Remove
guards only when necessary and replace them when the
maintenance requiring their removal is complete.
Always use the greatest care when working near moving
parts.
___________________________________________________
1.f. Do not put your hands near the engine fan. Do not attempt to
override the governor or idler by pushing on the throttle control rods while the engine is running.
POWER-ARC 4000
ELECTRIC AND
MAGNETIC FIELDS
may be dangerous
2.a. Electric current flowing through any conductor causes
localized Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF). Welding
current creates EMF fields around welding cables and
welding machines
2.b. EMF fields may interfere with some pacemakers, and
welders having a pacemaker should consult their physician
before welding.
2.c. Exposure to EMF fields in welding may have other health
effects which are now not known.
2.d. All welders should use the following procedures in order to
minimize exposure to EMF fields from the welding circuit:
2.d.1. Route the electrode and work cables together - Secure
them with tape when possible.
2.d.2. Never coil the electrode lead around your body.
2.d.3. Do not place your body between the electrode and
work cables. If the electrode cable is on your right
side, the work cable should also be on your right side.
2.d.4. Connect the work cable to the workpiece as close as
possible to the area being welded.
2.d.5. Do not work next to welding power source.
Mar ‘95
ii
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SAFETY
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
ARC RAYS can burn.
3.a. The electrode and work (or ground) circuits
are electrically “hot” when the welder is on.
Do not touch these “hot” parts with your bare
skin or wet clothing. Wear dry, hole-free
gloves to insulate hands.
4.a. Use a shield with the proper filter and cover
plates to protect your eyes from sparks and
the rays of the arc when welding or observing
open arc welding. Headshield and filter lens
should conform to ANSI Z87. I standards.
3.b. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulation.
Make certain the insulation is large enough to cover your full
area of physical contact with work and ground.
4.b. Use suitable clothing made from durable flame-resistant
material to protect your skin and that of your helpers from
the arc rays.
In addition to the normal safety precautions, if welding
must be performed under electrically hazardous
conditions (in damp locations or while wearing wet
clothing; on metal structures such as floors, gratings or
scaffolds; when in cramped positions such as sitting,
kneeling or lying, if there is a high risk of unavoidable or
accidental contact with the workpiece or ground) use
the following equipment:
• Semiautomatic DC Constant Voltage (Wire) Welder.
• DC Manual (Stick) Welder.
• AC Welder with Reduced Voltage Control.
4.c. Protect other nearby personnel with suitable, non-flammable
screening and/or warn them not to watch the arc nor expose
themselves to the arc rays or to hot spatter or metal.
3.c. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the electrode,
electrode reel, welding head, nozzle or semiautomatic
welding gun are also electrically “hot”.
3.d. Always be sure the work cable makes a good electrical
connection with the metal being welded. The connection
should be as close as possible to the area being welded.
3.e. Ground the work or metal to be welded to a good electrical
(earth) ground.
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3.f. Maintain the electrode holder, work clamp, welding cable
and welding machine in good, safe operating condition. Replace
damaged insulation.
3.g. Never dip the electrode in water for cooling.
3.h. Never simultaneously touch electrically “hot” parts of
electrode holders connected to two welders because voltage
between the two can be the total of the open circuit voltage
of both welders.
3.i. When working above floor level, use a safety belt to protect
yourself from a fall should you get a shock.
3.j. Also see Items 6.c. and 8.
FUMES AND GASES
can be dangerous.
5.a. Welding may produce fumes and gases
hazardous to health. Avoid breathing these
fumes and gases.When welding, keep
your head out of the fume. Use enough
ventilation and/or exhaust at the arc to keep
fumes and gases away from the breathing zone. When
welding with electrodes which require special
ventilation such as stainless or hard facing (see
instructions on container or MSDS) or on lead or
cadmium plated steel and other metals or coatings
which produce highly toxic fumes, keep exposure as
low as possible and below Threshold Limit Values (TLV)
using local exhaust or mechanical ventilation. In
confined spaces or in some circumstances, outdoors, a
respirator may be required. Additional precautions are
also required when welding on galvanized steel.
5.b. Do not weld in locations near chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors
coming from degreasing, cleaning or spraying operations.
The heat and rays of the arc can react with solvent vapors to
form phosgene, a highly toxic gas, and other irritating
products.
5.c. Shielding gases used for arc welding can displace air and
cause injury or death. Always use enough ventilation,
especially in confined areas, to insure breathing air is safe.
5.d. Read and understand the manufacturer’s instructions for this
equipment and the consumables to be used, including the
material safety data sheet (MSDS) and follow your
employer’s safety practices. MSDS forms are available from
your welding distributor or from the manufacturer.
Mar ‘95
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5.e. Also see item 1.b.
POWER-ARC 4000
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iii
SAFETY
WELDING SPARKS can
cause fire or explosion.
6.a. Remove fire hazards from the welding area.
If this is not possible, cover them to prevent
the welding sparks from starting a fire.
Remember that welding sparks and hot
materials from welding can easily go through small cracks
and openings to adjacent areas. Avoid welding near
hydraulic lines. Have a fire extinguisher readily available.
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6.b. Where compressed gases are to be used at the job site,
special precautions should be used to prevent hazardous
situations. Refer to “Safety in Welding and Cutting” (ANSI
Standard Z49.1) and the operating information for the
equipment being used.
6.c. When not welding, make certain no part of the electrode
circuit is touching the work or ground. Accidental contact can
cause overheating and create a fire hazard.
6.d. Do not heat, cut or weld tanks, drums or containers until the
proper steps have been taken to insure that such procedures
will not cause flammable or toxic vapors from substances
inside. They can cause an explosion even though they have
been “cleaned”. For information, purchase “Recommended
Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of
Containers and Piping That Have Held Hazardous
Substances”, AWS F4.1 from the American Welding Society
(see address above).
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6.e. Vent hollow castings or containers before heating, cutting or
welding. They may explode.
6.f. Sparks and spatter are thrown from the welding arc. Wear oil
free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy shirt,
cuffless trousers, high shoes and a cap over your hair. Wear
ear plugs when welding out of position or in confined places.
Always wear safety glasses with side shields when in a
welding area.
6.g. Connect the work cable to the work as close to the welding
area as practical. Work cables connected to the building
framework or other locations away from the welding area
increase the possibility of the welding current passing
through lifting chains, crane cables or other alternate circuits.
This can create fire hazards or overheat lifting chains or
cables until they fail.
6.h. Also see item 1.c.
CYLINDER may explode
if damaged.
7.a. Use only compressed gas cylinders
containing the correct shielding gas for the
process used and properly operating
regulators designed for the gas and
pressure used. All hoses, fittings, etc. should be suitable for
the application and maintained in good condition.
7.b. Always keep cylinders in an upright position securely
chained to an undercarriage or fixed support.
7.c. Cylinders should be located:
• Away from areas where they may be struck or subjected to
physical damage.
• A safe distance from arc welding or cutting operations and
any other source of heat, sparks, or flame.
7.d. Never allow the electrode, electrode holder or any other
electrically “hot” parts to touch a cylinder.
7.e. Keep your head and face away from the cylinder valve outlet
when opening the cylinder valve.
7.f. Valve protection caps should always be in place and hand
tight except when the cylinder is in use or connected for
use.
7.g. Read and follow the instructions on compressed gas
cylinders, associated equipment, and CGA publication P-l,
“Precautions for Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in
Cylinders,” available from the Compressed Gas Association
1235 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202.
FOR ELECTRICALLY
powered equipment.
8.a. Turn off input power using the disconnect
switch at the fuse box before working on
the equipment.
8.b. Install equipment in accordance with the U.S. National
Electrical Code, all local codes and the manufacturer’s
recommendations.
8.c. Ground the equipment in accordance with the U.S. National
Electrical Code and the manufacturer’s recommendations.
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Mar ‘95
POWER-ARC 4000
iv
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SAFETY
PRÉCAUTIONS DE SÛRETÉ
Pour votre propre protection lire et observer toutes les instructions et les précautions de sûreté specifiques qui parraissent
dans ce manuel aussi bien que les précautions de sûreté
générales suivantes:
Sûreté Pour Soudage A L’Arc
1.
Protegez-vous contre la secousse électrique:
a.
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b.
Faire trés attention de bien s’isoler de la masse quand
on soude dans des endroits humides, ou sur un
plancher metallique ou des grilles metalliques, principalement dans les positions assis ou couché pour
lesquelles une grande partie du corps peut être en
contact avec la masse.
c.
Maintenir le porte-électrode, la pince de masse, le
câble de soudage et la machine à souder en bon et
sûr état defonctionnement.
d.
Ne jamais plonger le porte-électrode dans l’eau pour
le refroidir.
e.
Ne jamais toucher simultanément les parties sous
tension des porte-électrodes connectés à deux
machines à souder parce que la tension entre les
deux pinces peut être le total de la tension à vide des
deux machines.
2.
Dans le cas de travail au dessus du niveau du sol, se protéger contre les chutes dans le cas ou on recoit un choc.
Ne jamais enroule le câble-électrode autour de n’importe
quelle partie du corps.
3.
Un coup d’arc peut être plus sévère qu’un coup de soliel,
donc:
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Les circuits à l’électrode et à la piéce sont sous tension quand la machine à souder est en marche. Eviter
toujours tout contact entre les parties sous tension et
la peau nue ou les vétements mouillés. Porter des
gants secs et sans trous pour isoler les mains.
a.
Utiliser un bon masque avec un verre filtrant approprié ainsi qu’un verre blanc afin de se protéger les
yeux du rayonnement de l’arc et des projections
quand on soude ou quand on regarde l’arc.
b.
Porter des vêtements convenables afin de protéger la
peau de soudeur et des aides contre le rayonnementde l’arc.
c.
Protéger l’autre personnel travaillant à proximité au
soudage à l’aide d’écrans appropriés et non-inflammables.
4.
Des gouttes de laiter en fusion sont émises de l’arc de
soudage. Se protéger avec es vêtements de protection
libres de l’huile, tels que les gants en cuir, chemise
épaisse, pantalons sans revers, et chaussures montantes.
5.
Toujours porter des lunettes de sécurité dans la zone de
soudage. Utiliser des lunettes avec écrans lateraux dans
les zones où l’on pique le laitier.
6.
Eloigner les matériaux inflammables ou les recouvrir afin
de prévenir ttout risque d’incendie dû étincelles.
7. Quand on ne soude pas, poser la pince à une endroit isolé
de la masse. Un court-circuit accidental peut provoquer
un échauffement et un risque d’incendie.
8. S’assurer que la masse est connectée le plus prés possible de la zone de travail qu’il est pratique de la faire. Si on
place la masse sur la charpente de la construction ou
d’autres endroits éloignés de la zone de travail, on augmente le risque de voir passer le courant de soudage par
les chaines de levage, câbles de grue, ou atres circuits.
Cela peut provoquer des risques d’incendie ou d’echauffement des chaines et des câbles jusqu’à ce qu’ils se
rompent.
9. Assurer une ventilation suffisante dans la zone de
soudage. Ceci est particuliérement important pour le
soudage de tôles galvanisées plombées, ou cadmiées ou
tout autre métal qui produit des fumées toxiques.
10. Ne pas souder en présence de vapeurs de chlore
provenant d’opéerations de dégraissage, nettoyage ou
pistolage. La chaleur ou les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir
avec les vapeurs du solvant pour produire du phosgéne
(gas fortement roxique) ou autres produits irritants.
PRÉCAUTIONS DE SÛRETÉ POUR LES
MACHINES À SOUDER À TRANSFORMATEUR ET À REDRESSEUR
1.
Relier à la terre le chassis du poste conformement au code
de l’électricité et aux recommendations du fabricant. Le
dispositif de montage ou la piece à souder doit être
branché à une bonne mise à la terre.
2.
Autant que possible, l’installation et l’entretien du poste
seront effectués par un électricien qualifié.
3.
Avant de faires des travaux à l’interieur de poste, la
debrancher à l’interrupteur à la boite de fusibles.
4.
Garder tous les couvercles et dispostifis de sûreté à leur
place.
POWER-ARC 4000
v
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MASTER TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR ALL SECTIONS
Page
Safety.................................................................................................................................................i-iv
Installation .............................................................................................................................Section A
Technical Specifications .............................................................................................................A-1
Safety Precautions......................................................................................................................A-2
Location and Ventilation .............................................................................................................A-2
Pre-operation Engine Service .....................................................................................................A-3
Electrical Output Connections....................................................................................................A-4
Operation...............................................................................................................................Section B
Safety Instructions ......................................................................................................................B-1
General Description ....................................................................................................................B-1
Recommended Applications ......................................................................................................B-2
Operational Features and Controls ............................................................................................B-2
Design Features and Advantages ..............................................................................................B-2
Welding Capability......................................................................................................................B-2
Limitations .................................................................................................................................B-2
Controls and Settings .................................................................................................................B-3
Engine Operation ........................................................................................................................B-5
Accessories...........................................................................................................................Section C
Maintenance .........................................................................................................................Section D
Safety Precautions ............................................................................................................................D-1
Routine and Periodic Maintenance...................................................................................................D-1
Major Component Locations ............................................................................................................D-5
Theory of Operation .............................................................................................................Section E
Troubleshooting and Repair ................................................................................................Section F
Electrical Diagrams ..............................................................................................................Section G
Parts Manual.................................................................................................................................P-233
POWER-ARC 4000
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Section A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- INSTALLATION SECTION Installation
Technical Specifications .............................................................................................................A-1
Safety Precautions......................................................................................................................A-2
Location and Ventilation .............................................................................................................A-2
Storing .................................................................................................................................A-2
Stacking................................................................................................................................A-3
Tilting .................................................................................................................................A-3
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Lifting .................................................................................................................................A-3
Pre-operation Engine Service .....................................................................................................A-3
Oil ........................................................................................................................................A-3
Fuel .......................................................................................................................................A-3
Muffler Deflector...................................................................................................................A-3
Spark Arrester ......................................................................................................................A-3
Electrical Output Connections....................................................................................................A-4
Welding Cable Connections.................................................................................................A-4
Cable Size and Length ............................................................................................A-4
Cable Installation .....................................................................................................A-5
Machine Grounding ..............................................................................................................A-5
Auxiliary Power Receptacles................................................................................................A-5
Premises Wiring....................................................................................................................A-6
Circuit Breakers....................................................................................................................A-6
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Plugs and Hand-Held Equipment .......................................................................................A-5
POWER-ARC 4000
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A-1
INSTALLATION
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - POWER-ARC 4000
INPUT - GASOLINE ENGINE
Manufacturer Description
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Briggs &
Stratton CoolBore®
1 cyl.,
4 cycle
air-cooled
gasoline
8 HP @
3750 RPM
Speed
Displacement
Ignition
Capacities
3700 RPM
± 50 RPM
at no load
19.4 cu. in.
(319 cc)
Manual,
Recoil
start; Manual
choke
Fuel: 1.0 gal. (3.8 l)
Oil: 1.4 qt. (1.3 l)
RATED OUTPUT - WELDER
Duty Cycle
Amps
Volts at Rated Amperes
30% Duty Cycle
125
18 VAC
60% Duty Cycle
100
25 VAC
OUTPUT - WELDER AND GENERATOR
Welding Ranges
Welder Open Circuit Voltage
AC Auxiliary Power
70 - 125 Amps
62 VAC Max.
4000 Continuous Watts
4400 Surge Watts
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PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS
Height
Width
Depth
Weight
20.9 in.
20 in.
30 in.
160 lb.
530 mm
508 mm
762 mm
72.5 kg
POWER-ARC 4000
A-2
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INSTALLATION
Read this entire installation section before you
start installation.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
Do not attempt to use this equipment until you have
thoroughly read all the operation and maintenance
manuals supplied with your machine. They include
important safety precautions; detailed engine starting,
operating, and maintenance instructions; and parts
lists.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not touch electrically live
parts or electrodes with your
skin or wet clothing.
• Insulate yourself from the
work and ground.
•Always wear dry insulating gloves.
ENGINE EXHAUST can kill.
• Use in open, well ventilated
areas or vent exhaust to the
outside.
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• Do not stack anything on or near the engine.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
• Do not operate this equipment with any of its doors
open or guards off.
• Stop the engine before servicing it.
• Keep away from moving parts.
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Only qualified personnel should install, use, or service
this equipment.
LOCATION AND VENTILATION
Whenever you use the POWER-ARC 4000, be sure
that clean cooling air can flow through the machine’s
gasoline engine and the generator. Avoid dusty, dirty
areas. Also, keep the machine away from heat
sources. Do not place the back end of the generator
anywhere near hot engine exhaust from another
machine. And of course, make sure that engine
exhaust is ventilated to an open, outside area.
The POWER-ARC 4000 may be used outdoors. Do
not set the machine in puddles or otherwise submerge
it in water. Such practices pose safety hazards and
cause improper operation and corrosion of parts.
Always operate the POWER-ARC 4000 with the case
roof on and all machine components completely
assembled. This will protect you from the dangers of
moving parts, hot metal surfaces, and live electrical
devices.
STORING
1. Store the machine in a cool, dry place when it’s
not in use. Protect it from dust and dirt. Keep it
where it can’t be accidentally damaged from construction activities, moving vehicles, and other
hazards.
2. If you will be storing the machine for over 30 days,
you should drain the fuel to protect fuel system
and carburetor parts from gum deposits. Empty
all fuel from the tank and run the engine until it
stops from lack of fuel.
3. You can store the machine for up to 24 months if
you use Briggs & Stratton Gasoline Additive, Part
No. 5041 (available from any Authorized Briggs &
Stratton Service Center), in the fuel system. Mix
the additive with the fuel in the tank and run the
engine for a short time to circulate the additive
through the carburetor.
4. While the engine is still warm, drain the oil and
refill with fresh 10W30 oil.
5. Remove the spark plug and pour approximately
1/2 ounce (15 ml) of engine oil into the cylinder.
Replace the spark plug and crank the engine
slowly to distribute the oil.
6. Clean any dirt and debris from the cylinder and
cylinder head fins and housing, rotating screen,
and muffler areas.
7. Store in a clean, dry area.
POWER-ARC 4000
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A-3
INSTALLATION
STACKING
FUEL
POWER-ARC 4000 machines CANNOT be stacked.
TILTING
Place the machine on a secure, level surface whenever you use it or store it. Any surfaces you place it on
other than the ground must be firm, non-skid, and
structurally sound.
The POWER-ARC 4000 has a plastic, 1.00
gallon (3.8) fuel tank mounted on the engine. See the
OPERATION and MAINTENANCE sections of this
manual for more details about fuel.
The gasoline engine is designed to run in a level position for best performance. It can operate at an angle,
but this should never be more than 15 degrees in any
direction. If you do operate it at a slight angle, be sure
to check the oil regularly and keep the oil level full.
Also, fuel capacity will be a little less at an angle.
MUFFLER DEFLECTOR
LIFTING
The POWER-ARC 4000 should be lifted by two people. (It weighs 160 lbs/72.5 kg.) Its welded tube roll
cage is designed to make lifting easy.
PRE-OPERATION ENGINE SERVICE
Read and understand the information about the gasoline engine in the OPERATION and MAINTENANCE
sections of this manual before you operate the
POWER-ARC 4000.
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WARNING
• Keep hands away from the engine muffler or HOT
engine parts.
To install the deflector, do the following:
• Align the holes on the deflector plate with the holes
on the muffler.
• Position the deflector so that the opening points
either right, left, or downward, away from the operator.
CAUTION
Never position the deflector upward. Moisture or
debris can enter the engine and damage it. As a general safety practice, position the deflector to direct
exhaust gases away from the operator’s face and
eyes.
• Fasten the deflector onto the muffler with the screws
provided.
• Stop the engine when fueling.
• Do not smoke when fueling.
SPARK ARRESTER
• Remove the fuel cap slowly to release pressure.
Gasoline engine mufflers may emit sparks when the
engine is running. Some federal, state, or local laws
require spark arresters in locations where unarrested
sparks could present a fire hazard.
• Do not overfill the fuel tank.
• Wipe up spilled fuel and allow the fumes to clear
before starting the engine.
OIL
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The POWER-ARC 4000 is shipped with an exhaust
deflector. You can mount it yourself on the gasoline
engine.
NOTE: The deflector reduces generator output power
up to 100 watts.
• Keep sparks and flame away from the fuel tank.
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Fill the fuel tank with clean, fresh, regular
grade lead-free gasoline. DO NOT MIX
OIL WITH THE GASOLINE.
The POWER-ARC 4000 is shipped with
the engine filled with SAE 10W-30 oil.
CHECK THE OIL LEVEL BEFORE YOU START THE
ENGINE. This is an added precaution. When full, the
oil level should be at the top of the fill plug hole. If it
is not full, add enough oil to fill it. Be sure the fill plug
is tight.
For more oil fill and service information, see the MAINTENANCE section of this manual.
POWER-ARC 4000
Standard mufflers and deflectors (like the ones included with the POWER-ARC 4000) do not act as spark
arresters. When local laws require it, a spark arrester
must be installed on the machine and properly maintained. An optional spark arrester kit is available for
your POWER-ARC 4000. See the ACCESSORIES
section of this manual for more information.
CAUTION
An incorrect spark arrester may lead to damage to the
engine or reduce performance. A suitable spark
arrester for the Briggs & Stratton 8 HP Cool Bore®
engine is available as a Lincoln field-installed option.
A-4
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INSTALLATION
FIGURE A.1 - POWER-ARC 4000 OUTPUT CONNECTIONS
1
POWER ARC 4000
80
70
AMPS
AMPS
125
90
AMPS
GENERATOR
AMPS
100
AMPS
WARNING
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6
ELECTRODE SELECTION GUIDE
5
3
4
2
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1. CURRENT CONTROL DIAL
2. WELD OUTPUT TERMINALS (2)
3. GROUND STUD
ELECTRICAL OUTPUT
CONNECTIONS
See Figure A.1 for the location of the current control
dial, weld output terminals, ground stud, circuit breakers, 240 and 120 volt receptacles.
WELDING CABLE CONNECTIONS
4. CIRCUIT BREAKERS (2) - 20 AMP
5. RECEPTACLE - 240 VOLT, 20 AMP
6. DUPLEX RECEPTACLE - 120 VOLT, 20 AMP
TABLE A.1
RECOMMENDED WELDING CABLE
SIZE AND LENGTH
TOTAL COMBINED LENGTH OF ELECTRODE
AND WORK CABLES
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Cable Size and Length
Be sure to use welding cables that are large enough.
The correct size and length becomes especially
important when you are welding at a distance from the
welder.
Cable Length
Table A.1 lists recommended cable sizes and lengths
for rated current and duty cycle. Length refers to the
distance from the welder to the work and back to the
welder. Cable diameters are increased for long cable
lengths to reduce voltage drops.
Cable Size for
125 amp/
30% Duty Cycle
0-50 feet (0-15 meters)
6 AWG
50-100 feet (15-39 meters)
4 AWG
100-150 feet (30-46 meters)
3 AWG
150-200 feet (46061 meters)
2 AWG
200-250 feet (61-76 meters)
1 AWG
POWER-ARC 4000
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A-5
INSTALLATION
Cable Installation
WARNING
Install the welding cables to your POWER-ARC 4000
as follows. See Figure A.1 for the location of parts.
1. The gasoline engine must be OFF to install welding cables.
2. Remove the 1/2 - 13 flanged nuts from the output
terminals.
3. Connect the electrode holder and work cables to
the weld output terminals. You can connect either
cable to either terminal, since the POWER-ARC
4000 provides AC weld current.
When the POWER-ARC 4000 is mounted
on a truck or a trailer, the machine generator ground stud MUST be securely
connected to the metal frame of the vehicle. See Figure A.1. The ground stud is
marked with the symbol.
4. Tighten the flanged nuts securely.
PLUGS AND HAND-HELD EQUIPMENT
5. Be certain that the metal piece you are welding
(the “work”) is securely connected to the work
clamp and cable.
For further protection against electric shock, any electrical equipment connected to the generator receptacles must use a three-blade, grounded type plug or an
Underwriter’s Laboratories (UL) approved double
insulation system with a two-blade plug. Lincoln
offers an accessory plug kit that has the right type of
plugs. See the ACCESSORIES section of this manual for details.
6. Check and tighten the connections periodically.
CAUTION
• Loose connections will cause the output terminals to
overheat. The terminals may eventually melt.
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Lincoln Electric offers a welding accessory kit with the
properly specified welding cables. See the ACCESSORIES section of this manual for more information.
MACHINE GROUNDING
Because the POWER-ARC 4000 creates its own
power from its gasoline-engine driven generator, you
do not need to connect the machine frame to an earth
ground. However, for best protection against electrical shock, connect a heavy gauge wire
from the ground stud located on the
bottom center of the output panel (see
Figure A.1) to a suitable earth ground
such as a metal pipe driven into the
ground.
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• Do not cross the welding cables at the output terminal connection. Keep the cables isolated and separate from one another.
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Do not ground the machine to a pipe that carries
explosive or combustible material.
POWER-ARC 4000
If you need ground fault protection for hand-held
equipment, in-line ground fault current interrupter
(GFCI) cord sets that meet UL and OSHA requirements are available from:
Ericson Manufacturing Company
Willoughby, Ohio 44094
(216) 951-8000 (Ohio)
1-800-972-5109 (outside Ohio)
AUXILIARY POWER RECEPTACLES
The control panel of the POWER-ARC 4000 features
two auxiliary power receptacles:
• A 20 amp, 120 volt duplex (double outlet) receptacle
• A 20 amp 240 volt simplex (single outlet) receptacle.
See Figure A.1.
Through these receptacles the machine can supply up
to 4,000 rated continuous watts and 4,400 surge watts
of single-phase AC power. The machine output voltages meet UL standards and fall within ± 10% of the
rated voltage. The output frequency falls within ± 3%
of rated frequency (60 Hz).
A-6
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INSTALLATION
PREMISES WIRING
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
The POWER-ARC 4000 three-wire, grounded neutral
generator allows it to be connected to premises
wiring. However, the wiring procedure needed to
meet the National Electric Code (NEC) regulations as
well as city ordinances can be confusing. Matters get
worse depending on whether you want the machine to
be “hardwired” to the premises or only connected
temporarily.
The POWER-ARC 4000 has its own
20 amp circuit breakers for overload
protection. When the machine is
operated in high temperature environments, the
breakers may tend to trip at lower loads than normally.
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WARNING
CAUTION
Never bypass the circuit breakers. Without overload
protection, the power-arc 4000 could overheat and/or
cause damage to the equipment being used.
Only a licensed, certified, trained electrician should
install the machine to a premises or residential electrical system. Be certain that:
• The premises is isolated and no feedbacking into
the utility system can occur. Certain state and local
laws require the premises to be isolated before the
generator is linked to the premises. Check your
state and local requirements.
• A double pole, double throw transfer switch in conjunction with the properly rated double throw circuit
breaker is connected between the generator power
and the utility meter.
The POWER-ARC 4000 (unlike other Lincoln Electric
equipment) does not have a combined 120/240 volt
twist-lock receptacle and cannot be connected to a
premises as described in other Lincoln literature.
Remember that the POWER-ARC 4000 is intended
only for backup, intermittent use. The gasoline engine
has a rated life of 500 hours. It cannot withstand longterm use without proper maintenance. See the MAINTENANCE section of this manual for more information.
Certain electrical devices cannot be powered by the
POWER-ARC 4000. Refer to Table A.2 for these
devices.
POWER-ARC 4000
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INSTALLATION
CAUTION
Certain Electrical devices cannot be powered by the POWER-ARC 4000. See Table A.2.
TABLE A.2
ELECTRICAL DEVICE USE WITH THE POWER-ARC 4000.
Type
Common Electrical Devices
Possible Concerns
Resistive
Heaters, toasters, incandescent
light bulbs, electric range, hot
pan, skillet, coffee maker.
NONE
Capacitive
TV sets, radios, microwaves,
appliances with electrical control.
Voltage spikes or high voltage
regulation can cause the capacitative elements to fail. Surge
protection, transient protection,
and additional loading is recommended for 100% fail-safe
operation. DO NOT RUN
THESE DEVICES WITHOUT
ADDITIONAL RESISTIVE TYPE
LOADS.
Inductive
Single-phase induction motors,
drills, well pumps, grinders, small
refrigerators, weed and hedge
trimmers
These devices require large
current inrush for starting. (See
Table B.3, GENERATOR POWER
APPLICATIONS, in the OPERATION section of this manual for
required starting wattages.)
Some synchronous motors may
be frequency sensitive to attain
maximum output torque, but
they SHOULD BE SAFE from
any frequency induced failures.
Capacitive/Inductive
Computers, high resolution TV sets,
complicated electrical equipment.
An inductive type line conditioner along with transient and
surge protection is required,
and liabilities still exist. DO
NOT USE THESE DEVICES
WITH A POWER-ARC 4000.
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A-7
The Lincoln Electric Company is not responsible for any damage to electrical components improperly connected to the POWER-ARC 4000.
POWER-ARC 4000
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Section B
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- OPERATION SECTION Operation...............................................................................................................................Section B
Safety Instructions ......................................................................................................................B-1
General Description ....................................................................................................................B-1
Recommended Applications ......................................................................................................B-2
Generator
Welder
Operational Features and Controls ............................................................................................B-2
Design Features and Advantages ..............................................................................................B-2
Welding Capability......................................................................................................................B-2
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Limitations .................................................................................................................................B-2
Controls and Settings ................................................................................................................B-3
Generator/Welder Controls ..................................................................................................B-3
Gasoline Engine Controls.....................................................................................................B-4
Engine Operation ........................................................................................................................B-5
Before Starting the Engine ..................................................................................................B-5
Starting the Engine ..............................................................................................................B-5
Stopping the Engine ............................................................................................................B-6
Running the Engine .............................................................................................................B-6
Break-in Period ....................................................................................................................B-6
Generator Operation ...................................................................................................................B-7
Welding Operation ......................................................................................................................B-9
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Welding Guidelines ...................................................................................................................B-10
POWER-ARC 4000
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B-1
OPERATION
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Read and understand this entire section before operating your POWER-ARC 4000.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
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ARC RAYS can burn.
• Wear eye, ear, and body protection.
WARNING
Do not attempt to use this equipment until you have
thoroughly read all the operation and maintenance
manuals supplied with your machine. They include
important safety precautions; detailed engine starting,
operating, and maintenance instructions; and parts
lists.
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WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
• Do not touch electrically live parts or
electrodes with your skin or wet clothing.
• Insulate yourself from the work and ground.
• Always wear dry insulating gloves.
FUMES AND GASES can be
dangerous.
ENGINE EXHAUST can kill.
• Use in open, well ventilated areas or
vent exhaust to the outside.
• Do not stack anything on or near the
engine.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
• Do not operate this equipment with
any of its doors open or guards off.
• Stop the engine before servicing it.
• Keep away from moving parts.
Only qualified personnel should install, use, or service this equipment.
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• Keep your head out of fumes.
• Use ventilation or exhaust to remove
fumes from breathing zone.
WELDING SPARKS can cause
fire or explosion.
• Keep flammable material away.
• Do not weld on containers that have
held combustibles.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The POWER-ARC 4000 is a low-cost generator/
welder designed for home use and other non-commercial applications. As a generator it can supply up
to 4,000 continuous watts (or 4,400 surge watts) of
120/240 volt, single-phase AC power. As a welder it
provides 125 amps of AC current for welding with AC
stick electrodes. A single dial provides continuous
adjustment of welding output. The machine is lightweight, portable, and can be lifted easily by two people.
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A Briggs & Stratton 8 HP standard Cool-Bore® aircooled, gasoline engine powers the generator/welder.
The engine has an approximate operating life of 500
hours.
POWER-ARC 4000
B-2
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OPERATION
The POWER-ARC 4000 warranty covers the machine
for one year from the date of purchase. For nonengine warranty claims, contact your nearest Lincoln
Authorized Field Service Facility. For engine warranty
claims, contact your nearest Briggs & Stratton service
center.
NOTE: The POWER-ARC 4000 is not meant for rental
or other commercial use.
RECOMMENDED APPLICATIONS
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GENERATOR
The POWER-ARC 4000 gives smooth AC generator
output for medium use, non-commercial demands.
For more details on operating the generator, see GENERATOR OPERATION in the OPERATION section of
this manual.
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• Duplex 20 amp, 120 volt generator receptacle.
• Integrated generator output overload protection
through two 20 amp circuit breakers.
• Welded-tube, full roll cage frame protects engine
and generator/welder.
• Lightweight, portable design.
• Rubber mounting isolates engine and generator
from frame to prevent machine “walking” during
use.
• Lo-Tone® engine muffler for quieter operation. (A
Super Lo-Tone® muffler is available from Briggs &
Stratton.) Easy-starting Electronic Magnetron® ignition.
WELDER
• Optional Oil Gard® low oil level engine shutdown kit
available from Briggs & Stratton.
The POWER-ARC 4000 provides excellent constant
current AC welding output for stick (SMAW) welding.
For more details on using the machine as a welder,
see WELDING OPERATION in the OPERATION section of this manual.
WELDING CAPABILITY
OPERATIONAL FEATURES AND
CONTROLS
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• Separate ground stud for safe connection of case to
earth ground. Single 20 amp, 240 volt generator
receptacle.
The POWER-ARC 4000 was designed for simplicity.
Therefore, it has very few operating controls. A single
dial on the control panel lets you select either generator or welding use. For welding, the same dial selects
continuous current output over the machine’s 70 to
125 amp range.
The 8 HP Briggs & Stratton gasoline engine controls
include a recoil starter, choke, throttle control, and
piercing stop switch. See ENGINE OPERATION in the
OPERATION section of this manual for details about
starting, running, stopping, and breaking in the gasoline engine.
The POWER-ARC 4000 is rated 125 amps, 18 volts at
30% duty cycle on a ten-minute basis. This means
that you can load the welder to 125 amps for three
minutes out of every ten-minute period. The machine
is capable of higher duty cycles at lower output currents. For example, you can load the welder to 100
amps for six minutes out of ten for a 60% duty cycle.
The current is continuously variable from 70 to 125
amps AC. The POWER-ARC 4000 can, therefore,
weld with all 3/32 and most 1/8 inch diameter Lincoln
AC electrodes.
LIMITATIONS
• The POWER-ARC 4000 is not recommended for
any processes besides those that are normally performed using stick welding (SMAW) procedures.
• The POWER-ARC 4000 is not recommended for
pipe thawing.
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DESIGN FEATURES AND
ADVANTAGES
• Stick welding (SMAW) process capability with output range from 70 - 125 amps.
• During welding, generator power is limited to 100
watts, and output voltages can drop from 120 to 80
volts and 240 to 160 volts. Therefore, DO NOT
OPERATE ANY SENSITIVE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WHILE YOU ARE WELDING.
• Single-dial current output selection.
• Work and Electrode welding cable mounting terminals.
POWER-ARC 4000
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B-3
OPERATION
CONTROLS AND SETTINGS
All generator/welder controls are located on the
Output Control Panel. Gasoline engine controls are
mounted on the engine. See Figures B.1 and B.2 and
the explanations that follow.
FIGURE B.1 – OUTPUT PANEL CONTROLS
1
70
AMPS
AMPS
125
90
AMPS
GENERATOR
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POWER ARC 4000
80
AMPS
100
AMPS
WARNING
8
2
ELECTRODE SELECTION GUIDE
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7
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
4
See Figure B.1 for the location of the following features:
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6
CURRENT CONTROL DIAL
ELECTRODE SELECTION GUIDE
WELD OUTPUT TERMINAL (TO ELECTRODE HOLDER) WITH 1/2 - 13 FLANGE NUT
WELD OUTPUT TERMINAL (TO WORK) WITH 1/2 - 13 FLANGE NUT
GROUND STUD
20 AMP CIRCUIT BREAKERS (2)
20 AMP, 240 VOLT RECEPTACLE
20 AMP, 120 VOLT DUPLEX RECEPTACLE
GENERATOR/WELDER CONTROLS
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5
1. CURRENT CONTROL DIAL: Adjusts continuous
current output. The amperages on the dial correspond to the average amperages needed for specific Lincoln welder rods.
2. ELECTRODE SELECTION GUIDE: Provides recommended electrode type, size, and welder output setting based on the thickness of the work.
POWER-ARC 4000
3. WELD OUTPUT TERMINAL (TO ELECTRODE
HOLDER) WITH 1/2 - 13 FLANGE NUT: Provides
the connection point for either the electrode holder or the work cable. (Because the POWER-ARC
4000 is an AC output machine, either output terminal can be used for either cable.)
4. WELD OUTPUT TERMINAL (TO WORK) WITH 1/2
- 13 FLANGE NUT: Provides the connection point
for either the electrode holder or the work cable.
(Because the POWER-ARC 4000 is an AC output
machine, either output terminal can be used for
either cable.)
B-4
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OPERATION
5. GROUND STUD: Provides a connection point for
connecting the machine case to earth ground for
the safest grounding procedure.
7. 20 AMP, 240 VOLT RECEPTACLE: Connection
point for supplying 240 volt power to operate one
electrical device.
6. 20 AMP CIRCUIT BREAKERS (2): Provide separate overload current protection for the 120 volt
and 240 volt receptacles.
8. 20 AMP, 120 VOLT DUPLEX RECEPTACLE:
Connection point for supplying 120 volt power to
operate one or two electrical devices.
FIGURE B.2 – GASOLINE ENGINE CONTROLS
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2
3
70
MIN.
POWER ARC
80
4
5
4000
AMPS
AMPS
MAX.
6
90
AMPS
100
AMPS
AIR
IN
ENGINE
EXHAUST
LINCOLN
ELECTRODE SELECTION GUIDE
7
R
ELECTRIC
1
AIR
OUT
AIR
OUT
8
9
11
10
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12
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
FUEL SHUTOFF VALVE
FUEL TANK AND CAP
MUFFLER
PIERCING STOP SWITCH
AIR CLEANER
THROTTLE
GASOLINE ENGINE CONTROLS
See Figure B.2 for the location of the following features:
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1. FUEL SHUTOFF VALVE: Stops the flow of gasoline from the fuel tank to the carburetor. Should
be closed whenever you are finished using the
POWER-ARC 4000. Must be opened before you
start the engine.
2. FUEL TANK AND CAP: Holds 1.0 gallon (3.8
liters) of unleaded gasoline. Contains a 50
micron fuel filter molded at the outlet port.
NOTE: If you use any other alternate fuel tank or
supply, be sure to use a recommended
in-line fuel filter.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
AIR MIXTURE ADJUSTMENT SCREW
RECOIL STARTER
CHOKE
FUEL MIXTURE ADJUSTMENT SCREW
OIL DRAIN PLUG
OIL FILL PLUG
3. MUFFLER: Reduces engine noise output. Does
not serve as a spark arrester. See SPARK
ARRESTER in the INSTALLATION section of
this manual.
4. PIERCING STOP SWITCH: Stops the engine by
grounding the spark plug.
5. AIR CLEANER: Filters intake air to the carburetor. See ENGINE MAINTENANCE in the MAINTENANCE section of this manual for details
about the specific type of air cleaner to use.
6. THROTTLE: Adjusts the running speed of the
engine. The engine runs at high idle
when not under load. Rotating the
spring-loaded throttle clockwise can
temporarily reduce engine speed to
low idle speed. Releasing the throttle returns the
speed to high idle.
POWER-ARC 4000
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B-5
OPERATION
7. AIR MIXTURE ADJUSTMENT SCREW: Adjusts the
amount of air mixed with fuel to obtain the
smoothest operation under load or at idle. The
POWER-ARC 4000 is shipped with the proper
adjustment already set. DO NOT ADJUST THE
AIR MIXTURE SCREW WITHOUT FOLLOWING
THE PROCEDURES OUTLINED BY BRIGGS &
STRATTON.
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8. RECOIL STARTER: Manual, rope-type starter.
The handle position allows easy starting from
either ground level or pickup-truck level.
9. CHOKE: Provides a richer air/fuel
mixture for cold engine starting conditions.
See the topic ENGINE
OPERATION, below, for details on setting the
choke.
10. FUEL MIXTURE ADJUSTMENT SCREW: Adjusts
the amount of fuel mixed with air to obtain the
smoothest operation under load or at idle. The
POWER-ARC 4000 is shipped with the proper
adjustment already set. DO NOT ADJUST THE
FUEL MIXTURE SCREW WITHOUT FOLLOWING THE PROCEDURES OUTLINED BY BRIGGS & STRATTON.
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12. OIL FILL PLUG: Permits convenient filling of
engine oil during maintenance. Both sides of the
engine are equipped with an oil fill plug.
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11. OIL DRAIN PLUG: Permits convenient draining of
engine oil during maintenance. Both sides of the
engine are equipped with an oil drain plug.
ENGINE OPERATION
WARNING
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
CHECK AND FILL THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL:
1. Place the machine on a level
surface.
2. Open the oil fill plug.
3. Fill (if necessary) until oil flows out the top of the fill
plug hole.
4. Replace the fill plug and tighten securely.
CHECK AND FILL THE ENGINE FUEL TANK:
1. Remove the fuel tank cap.
2. Fill the tank to allow approximately 1/4
inch (5 mm) of tank space for fuel
expansion. DO NOT FILL THE TANK
TO THE POINT OF OVERFLOW.
3. Replace the fuel tank cap and tighten securely.
NOTE: The engine will operate satisfactorily on any
gasoline meant for automotive use. A minimum of 87 octane is recommended. DO NOT
MIX OIL WITH THE GASOLINE.
Use clean, fresh, lead-free gasoline. Leaded gasoline
may be used if lead-free is not available. However,
lead-free gasoline leaves fewer combustion deposits
and gives longer valve life. For engine protection from
fuel deposits, use Briggs & Stratton Gasoline Additive,
part number 5041. Purchase gasoline in quantities
that will be used within 30 days, to assure freshness.
NOTE: We DO NOT recommend using gasoline that
contains alcohol, such as gasohol. However,
if gasoline with alcohol is used, it MUST NOT
contain more than 10% Ethanol and MUST be
removed from the engine during storage. DO
NOT use gasoline containing Methanol.
STARTING THE ENGINE
DO NOT RUN THE ENGINE AT EXCESSIVE SPEEDS.
The maximum allowable high idle speed for the
POWER-ARC 4000 is 3750 RPM, no load. Do NOT
adjust the governor screw on the engine. Severe personal injury and damage to the machine can result if it
is operated at speeds above the maximum rated
speed.
Read and understand all safety instructions included
in the Briggs & Stratton Operating and Maintenance
Instructions manual that is shipped with the POWERARC 4000.
POWER-ARC 4000
NOTE: Remove all loads connected to the AC power
receptacles before starting the gasoline
engine.
FOR A “COLD” ENGINE:
1. Open the fuel shutoff valve on the bottom of the
fuel tank.
2. Place the choke lever in the lowest, downward
position.
3. Pull slightly on the recoil starter handle
until resistance is felt.
B-6
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OPERATION
4. Pull the cord rapidly.
FOR BEST ENGINE STOPPING:
5. If the engine does not start, open the choke slightly (move lever upward) and pull the starter cord
rapidly again.
• Do not remove the rubber spark plug boot.
When the engine starts, gradually open the choke to
the highest, upward position.
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2. Place the choke lever in the highest,
upward position. Closing the choke
of a hot engine will flood the carburetor and prevent starting.
3. Pull slightly on the recoil starter handle until resistance is felt.
4. Pull the cord rapidly.
• Do not adjust air or fuel mixtures without following
the procedures in the Briggs & Stratton Operating
and Maintenance Instructions manual.
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• If you use an alternate fuel tank or supply, be sure
to install an in-line fuel filter.
• Do not pull the recoil starter with the
choke in the downward position more
than one time. Repeated pulls on a
choked engine will flood the carburetor.
• If you don’t feel resistance when you pull the recoil
cord, gently hit the starter housing and/or pull the
cord out to its fully extended position and wiggle it
rapidly. Repeat this if necessary until the clutch
engages the shaft and you feel resistance when you
pull the cord.
• If the engine will not start, see the TROUBLESHOOTING section of this manual.
STOPPING THE ENGINE
1. Remove all welding and generator power loads
and let the engine cool by running it for several
minutes.
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WARNING
Close the fuel valve when the machine is transported
to prevent fuel leakage from the carburetor. Drain the
tank before transporting the machine in a vehicle.
For long periods of storage, turn off the fuel shutoff
valve (lowest, downward position) and let the engine
run until there is no more fuel in the line. Use a fuel
additive such as Sta-Bil to minimize fuel gum
deposits.
FOR BEST ENGINE STARTING:
• Always use fresh gasoline and be sure the filter is
clean and properly maintained.
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• Do not apply excessive force to or bend the piercing stop switch lever.
FOR A “HOT” ENGINE:
1. Open the fuel shutoff valve on the bottom of the
fuel tank.
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• Be sure the piercing point on the piercing stop
switch lever firmly contacts the spark plug.
RUNNING THE ENGINE
The engine is set at the factory to run at high idle
speed when not under load. You should not adjust
this setting yourself.
BREAK-IN PERIOD
Any engine will use a small amount of oil during its
“break-in” period. For the gasoline engine on the
POWER-ARC 4000, break-in is about 12 running
hours.
Check the oil frequently during break-in. Change the
oil after the first 5 hours of operation. For more
details, see the MAINTENANCE section of this manual.
CAUTION
During break-in, subject the POWER-ARC 4000 to
only moderate loads. Avoid long periods running at
idle. Before stopping the engine, remove all loads and
allow the engine to cool several minutes.
2. Stop the engine by pressing downward on the
piercing stop switch lever.
3. Hold the lever down firmly until the engine completely stops. Otherwise, the engine may restart
or sputter as it stops.
4. Close the fuel shutoff valve at the bottom of the
fuel tank.
POWER-ARC 4000
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B-7
OPERATION
GENERATOR OPERATION
CAUTION
Be sure that any electrical equipment plugged into the
generator’s AC power receptacles can withstand a
±10% voltage and a ±3% frequency variation. Some
electronic devices cannot be powered by the POWERARC 4000. Refer to Table A.2, ELECTRICAL DEVICE
USE WITH THE POWER-ARC 4000, in the INSTALLATION section of this manual.
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GENERAL INFORMATION
draws. (This information is given on the load device
nameplate.) For example, a device rated 115 volts, 2
amps will need 230 watts of power (115 x 2 = 230).
You can use Table B.3, GENERATOR POWER APPLICATIONS, to determine the wattage requirements of
the most common types of loads you can power with
the POWER-ARC 4000. Be sure to read the notes at
the bottom of the table.
TO USE THE GENERATOR AS AN AUXILIARY
POWER SUPPLY:
1. Start the gasoline engine. See ENGINE OPERATION in this section of the manual.
The POWER-ARC 4000 generator is rated at 4000
continuous watts (4400 surge watts). It provides both
120 volt and 240 volt power. You can draw up to 20
amps from either side of the 120 volt duplex receptacle, but no more than 37 amps from both sides at
once. Up to 18 amps can be drawn from the single
240 volt receptacle.
2. Set the current control dial on the output control
panel to “GENERATOR.” See Figure B.1.
Electrical loads in watts are calculated by multiplying
the voltage rating of the load by the number of amps it
NOTE: You can supply multiple loads as long as the
total load does not exceed 4,000 watts. Be
sure to start the largest loads first.
POWER-ARC 4000
3. Plug the load(s) into the appropriate 120 volt or
240 volt power receptacle.
NOTE: During welding, the maximum generator output for auxiliary loads is 100 watts.
B-8
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OPERATION
TABLE B.3
GENERATOR POWER APPLICATIONS
Suggested Power Applications
*Air Compressor - 3/4 HP
*Airless Sprayer - 1/3 HP
Chain Saw 1,200
Circular Saw
Coffee Maker
*Deep Freezer
*Electric Motor - 1 HP
Electric Range (1 element)
Electric Skillet
*Furnace Fan - 1/3 HP
Portable Grinder (4 1/2”)
Portable Grinder (7”)
Halogen Work Light
Hand Drill - 1/4”
Hand Drill - 3/8”
1500 Watt Heater
Hedge Trimmer
Light Bulb 100
Reciprocating Saw
Radial Arm Saw
Radio 50
*Refrigerator/Freezer (small)
Slow Cooker
*Submersible Pump - 1 HP
*Sump Pump
Toaster 1,100
Weed Trimmer
Lincoln 100 or 125 Amp Wire Feeder/Welder
Running Watts
1,250
600
1,200
1,000
500
1,000
1,500
1,250
1,200
600
2,000
500
500
700
1,750
450
*Start-up Watts
3,100 - 5,000
1,500 - 2,400
750 - 2,000
2,500 - 4,000
3,000 - 4,800
900
2,600
600
200
1,000
600
1,500 - 2,400
2,500 - 4,000
1,500 - 2,400
500
4,000
NOTES:
Wattages listed are approximate. Check your equipment for actual wattage.
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Equipment with unusually high *START-UP WATTS are listed. For start-up of other equipment listed in
the table, multiply RUNNING WATTS by 2.
Multiple loads can be used as long as the total load does not exceed 4,000 watts. Be sure to start the
largest loads first. For example, a 1 HP motor needs approximately 1,000 watts while running but may
require 2,500 watts to start. Some inductive motors may require as much as 4 times running watts to
start.
POWER-ARC 4000
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B-9
OPERATION
WELDING OPERATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
WARNING
Do not touch electrically live parts or electrodes with your skin or wet clothing.
3. Attach the work clamp securely to the work you
are welding.
4. Insert the electrode into the electrode holder.
5. Set the current control dial to the desired output
current.
6. Start the gasoline engine. See ENGINE OPERATION in this section of the manual.
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7. Strike an arc and begin welding. For information
on welding techniques, see WELDING GUIDELINES in this section of the manual.
Do not breathe welding fumes or gases.
AFTER YOU FINISH THE WELD:
Use ventilation or exhaust to remove welding fumes from the breathing area.
1. Stop the gasoline engine. See ENGINE OPERATION in this section of the manual.
2. Allow the electrode and work to cool completely.
Keep flammable material away.
3. Remove the work clamp from the work.
Wear eye, ear, and body protection.
4. Remove any remaining piece of electrode from the
electrode holder.
The POWER-ARC 4000 generator/welder can deliver
from 70 to 125 amps of continuous welding output
current . Output can be adjusted by setting the current control dial on the output control panel.
You can get maximum welding output by setting the
dial to 125 AMPS. At high current settings like this,
some output may decrease as the machine is used. If
you are welding for a long time, you may need to turn
the dial slightly upward to maintain the same results.
The numbers on the dial correspond to the average
amps needed to weld using specific Lincoln welding
rods. Table B.4, WELDING APPLICATIONS, gives you
the recommended dial settings based on the thickness of the work and the size and type of rod you’re
using.
TO USE THE POWER-ARC 4000 FOR WELDING:
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1. Remove the flange nuts from the weld output terminals and place the work and electrode welding
cables over the terminals. See Figure B.1.
Replace and tighten the flange nuts securely. Be
sure the connections are tight.
2. Select the appropriate electrode. See Table B.4,
WELDING APPLICATIONS, or the ELECTRODE
SELECTION GUIDE on the machine Output
Control Panel.
POWER-ARC 4000
5. If you are finished using the POWER-ARC 4000 for
welding, disconnect the welding cables from the
weld output terminals. Reattach the flange nuts
and leave them on the terminals.
B-10
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OPERATION
WELDING GUIDELINES
TABLE B.4
WELDING APPLICATIONS/ELECTRODE SELECTION GUIDE
Material Thickness
Electrode Type
Size
Setting
1/8” and thinner
FLEETWELD 37
AWS E6013
FLEETWELD® 180
AWS E6011
STABLE ARC™ 7018
AWS E7018
3/32”
90 amps
3/16” Maximum
FLEETWELD® 37
AWS E6013
1/8”
125 amps
5/16” Maximum
FLEETWELD® 180
AWS E6011
1/8”
90 amps
Any Thickness
WEARSHIELD®
1/8”
100 amps
®
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1
70 amps
90 amps
NOTES:
The values listed are suggested settings. Actual setting may vary depending on individual preference and/or specific application. Beginners should use STABLE ARC E7018.
For electrodes not listed, follow tables that are packed with the electrodes.
Ask for the Lincoln WELD DIRECTORY (Publication M210) for a complete listing of all Lincoln stick electrodes
available.
AWS = American Welding Society
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1
NOTE: The serviceability of a product or structure
utilizing this type of information is and must
be the sole responsibility of the builder/user.
Many variables beyond the control of The
Lincoln Electric Company affect the results
obtained in applying this type of information. These variables include, but are not
limited to, welding procedure, plate chemistry and temperature, weldment design,
fabrication methods and service requirements.
STICK WELDING
Stick welding is probably the most familiar welding
process known. A coated ELECTRODE, the welding
rod, is clamped into an ELECTRODE HOLDER, an
insulated clamping device, which is connected to
the ELECTRODE CABLE, a heavy wire. The WORK,
the piece of metal to be welded, is connected to the
WORK CABLE, a heavy wire with a WORK CLAMP
on one end. The two cables connect to OUTPUT
TERMINALS on the welder, which is a high current
power source. See Figure B.3.
POWER-ARC 4000
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B-11
OPERATION
FIGURE B.3 – WELDING CIRCUIT CONNECTIONS
1
5
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2
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8
4
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
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6
7
POWER SOURCE
ELECTRODE CABLE
ELECTRODE HOLDER
ELECTRODE
OUTPUT TERMINALS
WORK
WORK CLAMP
WORK CABLE
THE WELDING CIRCUIT
THE ARC
When everything is connected properly, the current
from the power source causes the electrode to melt
and bond the metal being welded. Figure B.3. shows
the components of the basic welding circuit. The circuit starts at the electrode cable connection and ends
at the work cable connection. Current flows from the
POWER-ARC 4000 through the electrode cable, the
electrode holder, the electrode, and across the arc.
The electric arc is made between the work and the tip
of the electrode. You make a gap for the arc in the
welding circuit by holding the electrode tip 1/16 to 1/8
inch (1.6 to 3.2 mm) away from the work. You must
establish the arc and hold it as you move the arc along
the joint you’re welding. The arc melts both the electrode and the base metal of the work as you move.
On the work side of the arc, current flows through the
work to the work clamp, the work cable, and back to
the machine. The circuit must be complete for current
to flow. That means the work clamp must be tightly
connected to clean base metal. You should remove
any paint or rust as necessary to get a good connection. Also, you need to connect the work clamp as
close as possible to the area you want to weld. Avoid
letting the welding circuit pass through hinges, bearings, electronic components or similar devices that
can be damaged by high current.
POWER-ARC 4000
Figure B.4. shows what’s happening in the welding
arc. The arc itself is the electric current flowing
between the tip of the electrode and the work. Its
temperature is about 6000°F (3316°C). The arc is very
bright and cannot be looked at with the naked eye
without risk of painful and perhaps permanent injury.
A very dark lens specifically designed for arc welding
must be used with the handshield or headshield whenever viewing the arc.
The arc melts the base metal and actually digs into it.
The molten metal forms a pool or crater and tends to
flow away from the arc. As it moves away, it cools and
solidifies. Slag forms on the top of the weld and protects it as it cools.
B-12
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OPERATION
FIGURE B.4 – THE WELDING ARC
THE FOUR FACTORS OF SUCCESSFUL
WELDING
2
Controlling the arc to make a successful weld
depends on four factors. How well you control them
will determine whether your welds succeed or fail.
The four factors include:
1
7
4
• The Correct Welding Position
3
• The Correct Way to Strike an Arc
5
6
• The Correct Arc Length The Correct Welding
Speed
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• The Correct Welding Position
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
ELECTRODE
COATING
SHIELDING GAS
ARC
BASE METAL
WELD METAL
SOLIDIFIED SLAG
Obviously, stick arc welding is a manual skill requiring a steady hand, good physical condition, and
good eyesight. The quality of the weld depends on
the skill of the welder to hold and control the welding arc.
Figure B.5 shows the correct position for righthanded people. (If you are left-handed, the correct
position is opposite the one shown.) Whenever possible, weld from left to right so that you can see
clearly what you are doing. Notice that the electrode
should be held at a slight angle, 15 to 20 degrees
from the perpendicular.
FIGURE B.5 –
CORRECT WELDING POSITION
15-20°
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THE ELECTRODE
Besides diameter, the main difference between electrodes is their type of coating. This coating helps
make the arc steady, shields the arc to keep oxygen
and nitrogen in the air away from the molten metal,
and provide a flux that picks up impurities which
could weaken the weld.
The best coating for the job depends on a number of
factors:
• The type of deposit you want, such as mild steel,
stainless steel, low alloy, or hardfacing.
• The thickness of the plate you want to weld.
• The position you will be welding in (vertical, horizontal, downhand, out-of-position).
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• The surface condition of the work.
• Your ability to handle and obtain the desired electrode.
90°
side view
end view
THE CORRECT WAY TO STRIKE AN ARC
First be sure that the work clamp is making a good
connection to the work. Lower your headshield and
scratch the electrode slowly over the metal. Sparks
will fly. While scratching, lift the electrode 1/8 inch
(3.2 mm) and the arc will be established.
NOTE: If you stop moving the electrode while
scratching, the electrode will stick to the
work.
Most beginners try to strike the arc by a fast jabbing
motion down onto the plate. Result: They either
stick the electrode or their motion is so fast that they
break the arc immediately.
12/95
POWER-ARC 4000
B-13
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OPERATION
THE CORRECT ARC LENGTH
The arc length is the distance from the tip of the electrode core wire to the base metal.
FIGURE B.6 – MOLTEN METAL PUDDLE
AND CORRECT WELD SPEED
Once you’ve established the arc, maintaining the correct arc length is critical. It should be short, 1/16 to
1/8 inch (3.2 mm) long. As the electrode burns off, you
must continue to feed it into the work to keep the arc
length correct.
3
2
The easiest way to tell if the arc length is correct is to
listen to it. A nice, short arc has a distinctive “crackling” sound, like eggs frying in a pan. A long, incorrect, arc has a hollow, blowing or hissing sound.
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THE CORRECT WELDING SPEED
To know whether your welding speed is correct, you
must watch the puddle of molten metal behind the arc.
DO NOT WATCH THE ARC ITSELF. The appearance
of the puddle and the ridge where it solidifies tells the
tale. The ridge should be approximately 3/8 inch (9.5
mm) behind the electrode. See Figure B.6.
1
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
ELECTRODE
ARC
RIDGE OF MOLTEN METAL
WELD PUDDLE
Most beginners tend to weld too fast, which gives a
thin, uneven, “wormy” looking bead. They are not
watching the molten metal puddle.
NOTE: When welding on thin plate, you will find that
you have to increase welding speed. On
heavy plate, you will have to go more slowly to
ensure fusion and penetration.
The key to developing welding skill is PRACTICE. No
one can learn to weld just by reading about it. If you
are an inexperienced welder, the information here will
help you understand some basic welding principles
you should know before you use your POWER-ARC
4000 for stick welding. For more detailed information,
order a copy of the book New Lessons in Arc Welding,
available from the Book Division of Lincoln Electric.
See the form located at the back of this manual for
ordering information!
POWER-ARC 4000
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- ACCESSORIES Accessories...........................................................................................................................Section C
Options/Accessories...................................................................................................................C-1
Lincoln Electric Accessories ................................................................................................C-1
Briggs and Stratton Accessories .........................................................................................C-1
Semiautomatic Mig Welding with a Lincoln/Weld-Pak 100 or Weld-Pak 125...........................C-1
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Section C
POWER-ARC 4000
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C-1
ACCESSORIES
OPTIONS/ACCESSORIES
LINCOLN ELECTRIC ACCESSORIES
The following options/accessories are available for
your POWER-ARC 4000 from your local Lincoln
Distributor.
Power Plug Kit (K802T) – Provides three plugs, two
for the 120 volt duplex receptacle and one for the 240
volt receptacle.
Accessory Set (K875) – Includes the following:
• Twenty feet (6.1 meters) of #6 AWG electrode cable
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• Fifteen feet (4.6 meters) of #6 work cable
• Headshield with No. 10 filter, work clamp
• Insulated electrode holder and sample electrodes
The cables are rated at 150 amps, 40% duty cycle.
Spark Arrester (K883-1) – A field-installed kit for the
8 HP Briggs & Stratton Cool-Bore® engine. The spark
arrestor attaches to the muffler to reduce the change
of sparks being emitted from the muffler.
Rotor Removal Kit (S20925) – A service kit with thru
and impact bolts for removing the generator rotor from
the tapered engine crankshaft.
BRIGGS AND STRATTON ACCESSORIES
The following options/accessories are available for
your POWER-ARC 4000 from your local Briggs &
Stratton Distributor.
Foam Pre-cleaner (REF 271794) – Provides a foam
cleaner for replacement around the paper cartridge air
cleaner. Increases protection in extremely dusty or
dirty environments.
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Oil Gard® Low Oil Shutdown Kit (REF 398182) –
Installs in the crankcase access port standard on all
POWER-ARC models. Senses low oil conditions and
automatically stops the engine. The engine cannot be
restarted until sufficient oil is added.
Super Lo-Tone® Muffler - Square (REF 494221) –
Replaces the round Lo-Tone muffler that comes
installed on the engine. Limits exhaust noise but
reduces maximum generator output by 200-300 watts.
Muffler Guard (REF 494868) – Installs onto the muffler with a supplied bracket. Protects against accidental contact with a hot muffler. Must not be used in
tandem with both a deflector and a spark arrester.
POWER-ARC 4000
SEMIAUTOMATIC MIG WELDING
WITH A LINCOLN WELD-PAK 100
OR WELD-PAK 125
In addition to using the accessories/options listed
above, the POWER-ARC 4000 generator can supply
power to a Lincoln ELectric Weld-Pak 100 or WeldPak 125 wire feed welder. The Weld-Pak comes with
all the supplies needed for Flux-Cored Arc Welding
(FCAW).
A K610-1 MIG (Metal Inert Gas) Conversion Kit is also
available for the Weld-Pak. The kit provides everything needed for Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) or
MIG processes. Contact your local authorized Lincoln
representative for details about the Weld-Pak and MIG
Conversion Kit.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
-MAINTENANCEMaintenance .........................................................................................................................Section D
Routine and Periodic Maintenance ............................................................................................D-1
Engine Maintenance.............................................................................................................D-1
Generator/Welder Maintenance ...........................................................................................D-4
Major Component Locations ......................................................................................................D-5
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Section D
POWER-ARC 4000
D-1
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MAINTENANCE
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
• Have qualified personnel do all maintenance and
troubleshooting work.
• Turn the engine off before working inside the
machine.
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• Remove guards only when necessary to perform
maintenance and replace them when the maintenance requiring their removal is complete.
• If guards are missing from the machine, get replacements from a Lincoln Distributor. See the EXPLODED VIEW AND PARTS LIST at the back of this manual.
OIL: Check the oil level after every
5 hours of operation or daily. BE
SURE TO MAINTAIN THE OIL LEVEL.
Change the oil the first time after 5
hours of operation. Then, under normal operating
conditions, change the oil after every 50 hours or once
a year, whichever occurs first. If the engine is operated under heavy load or in high ambient temperatures,
change the oil every 25 hours.
Drain the oil from the drain plug located on either side
of the engine bottom, as shown in Figure D.1. Refill
through the oil fill plug until the oil reaches the top of
the fill hole. Use SAE 10W-30 grade oil.
FIGURE D.1 - OIL DRAIN AND
REFILL LOCATION
Read the Safety Precautions in the front of this manual and in the Briggs & Stratton Operating and
Maintenance Instructions manual before working on
the POWER-ARC 4000.
Keep all equipment safety guards, covers, and
devices in position and in good repair. Keep your
hands, hair, clothing, and tools away from the recoil
housing, fans, and all other moving parts when starting, operating, or repairing this machine.
ROUTINE AND PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
CAUTION
To prevent the engine from accidentally starting, disconnect the spark plug lead before servicing the
engine.
See Table D.1 for a summary of maintenance intervals
for the items listed below. Follow either the hourly or
the calendar intervals, whichever come first. More frequent service may be required, depending on your
specific application and operating conditions. Table
D.2 shows engine maintenance replacement parts and
numbers.
POWER-ARC 4000
1
2
3
1. OIL DRAIN PLUG
2. OIL FILL PLUG
3. OIL LEVEL
FUEL: At the end of each day’s use, refill
the fuel tank to minimize moisture condensation and dirt contamination in the fuel
line.
D-2
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MAINTENANCE
AIR CLEANER: Your air cleaner may
have only the paper cartridge, or it may
have the cartridge and a foam pre-cleaner. If it has the pre-cleaner, service the
cartridge every 100 hours and the precleaner every 25 hours or once a year, whichever
comes first. If the air cleaner doesn’t have the precleaner, service the cartridge every 25 hours or once a
year, whichever comes first. Under dusty conditions,
service more often.
Clean Rotating Screen: See Figure D.2. Clean the
rotating screen on your machineís engine as often as
needed to remove dirt or debris that may collect on
the screen. A dirty screen can result in engine overheating and damage.
FIGURE D.2 - CLEAN ROTATING
SCREEN/FINGER GUARD/DEBRIS GUARD
CAUTION
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Do not use petroleum solvents such as kerosene to
clean the cartridge. They may cause deterioration of
the cartridge. DO NOT OIL THE CARTRIDGE OR USE
PRESSURIZED AIR TO CLEAN OR DRY THE CARTRIDGE.
1
1. ROTATING SCREEN
Remove the wing nut and cover. Carefully remove the
foam pre-cleaner, if equipped, from the cartridge.
To service the pre-cleaner:
1. Wash in liquid detergent and water.
CLEAN COOLING SYSTEM: See Figure D.3. Clean
the internal cooling fins and surfaces to prevent overspeeding, overheating, and engine damage. Clean
every 100 operating hours or as often as necessary.
2. Squeeze dry in a clean cloth.
3. Saturate in clean engine oil.
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4. Squeeze in a clean, absorbent cloth to remove all
excess oil.
To service the cartridge:
FIGURE D.3 - CLEAN COOLING SYSTEM
1
1. Tap gently on a clean surface.
2. Replace if very dirty or wash in a non-sudsing
detergent and warm water solution.
3. Rinse thoroughly from the mesh side with flowing
water until the water is clear.
4. Allow to stand and air dry before reinstalling.
Carefully place the pre-cleaner back over the cartridge
and reinstall the air cleaner cover and wingnut.
1. REMOVE CHAFF AND DIRT FROM THESE AREAS.
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CLEAN ENGINE: Remove dirt and debris with a cloth
or a brush. Do not clean with a forceful spray of water.
Water might contaminate the fuel system.
CAUTION
Periodically clean the muffler area to remove combustible debris.
POWER-ARC 4000
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D-3
MAINTENANCE
CLEAN OR REPLACE SPARK PLUG: Clean or
replace the spark plug after every 100 hours of operation or every season, whichever comes first. Do not
blast the spark plug clean with an abrasive cleaning
device. Clean the plug by scraping it or by using a
wire brush. Wash the plug with a commercial solvent.
After cleaning or when installing a new spark plug, set
the terminal gap to .030 inch (.76 mm) with a feeler
gauge. See Figure D.4.
2
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FIGURE D.4 - SET SPARK PLUG GAP
CLEAN SPARK ARRESTER SCREEN: If the muffler
has the optional spark arrester assembly, remove it
every 50 hours or once a year, whichever comes first,
and inspect it. Clean the arrester. Replace it if you find
any damage.
REMOVE COMBUSTION DEPOSITS: After every
100 to 300 hours of operation, remove the engine
cylinder head. Scrape and wire brush the combustion
deposits from the cylinder, cylinder head, top of the
piston, and around the valves. Refit the gasket
(replace it if damaged) and reassemble the cylinder
head and block. Turn down the screws finger tight
with the three long screws around the exhaust valve (if
so equipped). Torque the screws in a staggered
sequence to 165 inch-pounds (19 N·m).
1
1. SPARK PLUG (STANDARD, PART NO. 492167; RESISTOR,
PART NO. 802592)
2. FEELER GAUGE (.030 INCH, 76mm)
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TABLE D.1
ENGINE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Maintenance
Operation
Check Oil Level
Every 5 Hours
or Daily
25 Hours
or Yearly
Service Foam Pre-Cleaner or
or Oil Foam® Element
Service Air Cleaner Cartridge
(if no pre-cleaner)
●
Note 2
●
Note 2
●
Note 2
●
Note 2
●
Clean Cooling System
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●
Clean or Replace Spark Plug
●
Replace In-Line Fuel Filter (Option)
●
Remove Combustion Deposits
◆ Change oil after first 5 hours, then after every 50 hours or once a year.
Note 1: Change oil every 25 hours when operating under heavy load in high ambient temperatures.
Note 2: Clean more often under dusty conditions or when airborne debris is present.
POWER-ARC 4000
100-300 Hours
● Note 1
Service Air Cleaner Cartridge
(if pre-cleaner present)
Inspect Spark Arrester (Option)
100 Hours
or Yearly
●
Change Oil ◆
Clean Rotating Screen, Finger
Guard, or Debris Screen
50 Hours
or Yearly
●
D-4
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MAINTENANCE
TABLE D.2 – ENGINE MAINTENANCE PARTS
Part
Part Number
OIL FILTER
SPARK PLUG (STANDARD)
NONE
B&S 492167
CHAMPION J19LM
B&S 802592
CHAMPION RJ19LM
B&S 298090 (for .25î I.D. hose)
B&S 393957
(CAN BE CLEANED AND REUSED)
B&S 271794
(CAN BE CLEANED AND REUSED)
SPARK PLUG (RESISTOR)
FUEL FILTER
AIR CLEANER CARTRIDGE
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AIR PRE-CLEANER
(AS NEEDED)
GENERATOR/WELDER MAINTENANCE
STORAGE: Store the POWER-ARC 4000 in clean,
dry, protected areas.
CLEANING: Blow out the generator and controls
periodically with low pressure air. Do this at least
once a week in particularly dirty areas.
BRUSH REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT: See
Figure D.5. It’s normal for the brushes and slip rings
to wear and darken slightly. Inspect the brushes
when a generator overhaul is necessary. Remove
the brushes and clean the slip rings with fine grit
sandpaper. To reinstall the brushes, press them
upward and slide a cable tie or wooden stick
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RECEPTACLES: Keep the electrical receptacles in
good condition. Remove any dirt, oil, or other debris
from their surfaces and holes.
CABLE CONNECTIONS: Check the welding cable
connections at the weld output terminals often. Be
sure that the connections are always firm.
FIGURE D.5. – BRUSH REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
4
2
6
5
3
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through the brush holder tabs. Install the brush
holder into the bearing end bracket and secure with
the screws previously removed. Remove the cable
tie or wooden stick and the brushes will seat onto
the slip rings.
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
GENERATOR END BRACKET
BRUSH HOLDER ASSEMBLY
COVER
SCREWS (2)
BRUSHES
CABLE TIE
POWER-ARC 4000
D-5
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MAINTENANCE
FIGURE D.6. - MAJOR COMPONENT LOCATIONS
7
6
5
8
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1
3
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4
POWER-ARC 4000
2
1 . CRADLE ASSEMBLY
2. ROTOR, BLOWER, AND BEARING ASSEMBLY
3. STATOR ASSEMBLY
4. BRUSH AND BRUSH HOLDER ASSEMBLY
5. CONTROL BOX WELDED ASSEMBLY
6. REACTOR ASSEMBLY
7. OUTPUT TERMINAL ASSEMBLY
8. OUTPUT PANEL ASSEMBLY
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Section E
TABLE OF CONTENTS
-THEORY OF OPERATION SECTIONTheory of Operation .............................................................................................................Section E
Power Supply Operation ..............................................................................................E-1 - E-3
Engine, Excitation, Rotor and Stator ..............................................................................E-1
Rotor Field Feedback and Auxiliary Power.....................................................................E-2
Weld Winding and Reactor .............................................................................................E-3
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Auxiliary Power Overcurrent Protection ................................................................................E-4
REACTOR
OUTPUT
TERMINALS
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STATOR
ENGINE
MECHANICAL
ROTATION
ROTOR
SLIP
RINGS
ROTOR
STATOR
CAPACITOR
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115 AND 230VAC
RECEPTACLES
RHEOSTAT
BRIDGE
FIGURE E.1 – POWER-ARC 4000 BLOCK LOGIC DIAGRAM
POWER-ARC 4000
THEORY OF OPERATION
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E-1
FIGURE E.2 – ENGINE, ROTOR AND STATOR
REACTOR
OUTPUT
TERMINALS
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STATOR
ENGINE
MECHANICAL
ROTATION
ROTOR
SLIP
RINGS
ROTOR
STATOR
CAPACITOR
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115 AND 230VAC
RECEPTACLES
RHEOSTAT
ENGINE, EXCITATION, ROTOR
AND STATOR
A small DC voltage developed by the flywheel alternator in the Briggs & Stratton engine is fed to the rotating field coil in the rotor via a brush and slip ring configuration.
This excitation (“flashing”) voltage
magnetizes the rotor lamination. The rotor is mechanically coupled to the engine. The rotating magnet
induces a voltage in the stationary windings of the
main alternator (stator).
BRIDGE
Three separate and isolated windings are incorporated
in the stator lamination assembly. Each winding set
has a different number of turns, producing different
magnitudes of AC output voltages. The three windings
are the weld winding, the auxiliary power winding and
the field feedback winding. The field feedback winding provides rotor current during machine operation.
The output of the PowerArc 4000 is dependent on two
criteria: the engine RPM and the amount of current in
the rotor winding.
NOTE: Unshaded areas of Block Logic Diagram are the subject of discussion.
POWER-ARC 4000
E-2
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THEORY OF OPERATION
FIGURE E.3 – FIELD EXCITATION AND AUXILIARY POWER
REACTOR
OUTPUT
TERMINALS
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STATOR
ENGINE
MECHANICAL
ROTATION
ROTOR
SLIP
RINGS
ROTOR
STATOR
CAPACITOR
RHEOSTAT
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115 AND 230VAC
RECEPTACLES
ROTOR FIELD FEEDBACK AND
AUXILIARY POWER
The AC voltage developed in the field winding is fed to
the full wave bridge. The DC output of the bridge is filtered by the field capacitor and controlled by the output rheostat.
BRIDGE
When full field voltage is applied to the rotor and the
engine is running at high speed (3700 RPM), a 230
VAC voltage is developed in the stator auxiliary winding. This winding is tapped to provide 115 VAC. The
two voltages (115 VAC and 230 VAC) are connected to
the appropriate receptacles and offer 4000 watts
(total) of AC power.
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This filtered and controlled feedback voltage is fed to
the rotor winding via the brush and slip ring configuration. As the feedback voltage is increased or decreased, the outputs of the weld and auxiliary windings are likewise increased or decreased.
NOTE: Unshaded areas of Block Logic Diagram are the subject of discussion.
POWER-ARC 4000
THEORY OF OPERATION
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E-3
FIGURE E.4 – WELDING OUTPUT SHADE
REACTOR
OUTPUT
TERMINALS
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STATOR
ENGINE
MECHANICAL
ROTATION
ROTOR
SLIP
RINGS
ROTOR
STATOR
CAPACITOR
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115 AND 230VAC
RECEPTACLES
RHEOSTAT
WELD WINDING AND REACTOR
The AC voltage developed in the stator weld winding
is delivered, through the reactor, to the machine output terminals. The PowerArc 4000 provides the user
with 125 amps of constant current AC welding for
stick electrodes. The reactor stores energy, and this
energy is released into the welding arc when the AC
voltage passes through the zero point. In this manner
the reactor enhances and stabilizes the AC welding
arc. The reactor is designed to provide optimum
welding characteristics when used with the recommended electrodes.
BRIDGE
AUXILIARY POWER
OVERCURRENT PROTECTION
The 4000 watt auxiliary power winding and circuitry is
protected from an overload condition by two 20 amp
circuit breakers. The circuit breakers are located
below the output receptacles. They can be manually
reset.
NOTE: Unshaded areas of Block Logic Diagram are the subject of discussion.
POWER-ARC 4000
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TROUBLE SHOOTING & REPAIR SECTION
Troubleshooting & Repair Section.................................................................................Section F
Safety Precautions.................................................................................................................F-1
How to Use Troubleshooting Guide ......................................................................................F-1
Troubleshooting Guide...................................................................................................F1 - F-9
Test Procedures
Rotor Voltage Test ........................................................................................................F-10
Rotor Resistance Test...................................................................................................F-12
Engine Throttle Adjustment Test...................................................................................F-15
Oscilloscope Waveforms
Normal Open Circuit Weld Voltage Waveform .............................................................F-18
Normal Open Circuit Weld Voltage Waveform (115 VAC Supply) ................................F-19
Typical Weld Output Waveform - Machine Loaded .....................................................F-20
Replacement Procedures
Brush Removal and Replacement ................................................................................F-21
Rheostat Removal and Replacement ..........................................................................F-23
Capacitor and Diode Bridge Removal and Replacement.............................................F-25
Stator/Rotor Removal and Replacement (Kit S20925) .................................................F-27
Retest After Repair ..............................................................................................................F-32
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Section F
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-1
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
HOW TO USE TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric Factory Trained Personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician and machine
operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid Electrical Shock, please
observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
This Troubleshooting Guide is provided to help
you locate and repair possible machine malfunctions. Simply follow the three-step procedure listed below.
Step 1. LOCATE PROBLEM (SYMPTOM).
Look under the column labeled “ PROBLEM
(SYMPTOMS). This column describes possible
symptoms that the machine may exhibit. Find
the listing that best describes the symptom that
the machine is exhibiting. Symptoms are
grouped into three main categories: Welding
Problems, Engine Problems, and Output
Problems.
Step 2. PERFORM EXTERNAL TESTS. The
second column, labeled “POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)”, lists the obvious external
possibilities that may contribute to the machine
symptom. Perform these tests/checks in the
order listed. In general, these tests can be conducted without removing the case wrap-around
cover.
Step 3. PERFORM COMPONENT TESTS. The
last column, labeled “Recommended Course of
Action lists the most likely components that may
have failed in your machine. It also specifies the
appropriate test procedure to verify that the
subject component is either good or bad. If
there are a number of possible components,
check the components in the order listed to
eliminate one possibility at a time until you
locate the cause of your problem.
All of the referenced test procedures referred to
in the Troubleshooting Guide are described in
detail at the end of this chapter. Refer to the
Troubleshooting and Repair Table of Contents
to locate each specific Test Procedure. All of
the referred to test points. components, terminal
strips, etc., can be found on the referenced
electrical wiring diagrams and schematics.
Refer to the Electrical Diagrams Section Table of
Contents to locate the appropriate diagram.
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CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs
safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before
you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
F-2
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
OUTPUT PROBLEMS
Contact the Lincoln Electric Service
Department at (216) 383-2531 or
1-800-833-9353 (WELD).
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Major physical or electrical damage
is evident.
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Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-3
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
OUTPUT PROBLEMS
1. The generator brushes may be
worn or faulty. See the Maintenance section of this manual
or contact your local Lincoln
Electric Authorized Field Service Facility.
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No weld output and no auxiliary
output - engine runs normally.
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TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
1. Perform the Rotor Voltage Test.
2. If the rotor voltage is zero to 3
VDC, check the flywheel alternator and associated wires
200A, 202, and 202A for continuity. The voltage from lead
200A to ground should be at
least 18 to 21 VDC at high idle
(3700 RPM). Normal voltage is
46 VDC. If the voltage is low or
missing, the flywheel alternator
may be faulty. See the wiring
diagram.
3. Check lead 201B (green) for
continuity (zero ohms) to
ground. See wiring diagram.
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4. The field capacitor (C1) or
bridge (D1) may be faulty. Test
or replace.
5. Test the rheostat (R1). Normal
resistance is 3.3 ohms. See the
Rheostst Replacement drawing.
6. The rotor may be faulty. Perform the Rotor Resistance Test.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
F-4
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
OUTPUT PROBLEMS
No weld output - auxiliary power
(230 - 115 VAC) operates normally
- engine runs normally.
1. Check the open circuit voltage
(OCV) at the welder output terminals. If OCV is okay, go to
Step 2, below.
1. Check continuity (zero ohms) of
lead W1A (black) from output
terminal to reactor (L1). See the
Wiring Diagram.
If OCV is not present at the welder
output terminals, contact your
local Lincoln Electric Authorized
Field Service Facility.
2. Check continuity (zero ohms) of
lead W2 (black) from output terminal to stator winding. See the
Wiring Diagram.
2. Check the welding cables,
clamps and electrode holder for
loose or broken connections.
3. Check continuity (zero ohms) of
lead W1 (black) from reactor
(L1) to stator winding. See the
Wiring Diagram.
4. Check reactor (L1) for continuity
of winding. See the Wiring Diagram.
5. Check the stator for continuity
of winding. See the Wiring Diagram.
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6. Make certain the reactor and/or
stator are NOT grounded. Minimum acceptable resistance to
ground is 500 K-ohms.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-5
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
OUTPUT PROBLEMS
No auxiliary power - welding output
is normal - engine runs normally.
1. Check circuit breakers CB1 and
CB2. Reset if tripped.
3. Check for loose or faulty plug at
power receptacle.
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2. Make sure that the control rheostat (R1) is set at “GENERATOR” (maximum).
1. Check the auxiliary power receptacles ands associated wires
for loose or faulty connections.
2. Check the continuity (zero
ohms) of leads 3, 3A (black); 6,
6A (yellow); and 5 (white) from
the receptacles to the stator
windings. See the Wiring Diagram.
3. Make sure lead 5 (white) is
grounded to the machine frame
(zero ohms).
4. Check for an open or grounded
auxiliary winding in the stator, 6
(yellow) to 3 (black). See the
Wiring Diagram.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
F-6
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
OUTPUT PROBLEMS
Low weld output and low auxiliary
output.
1. The generator brushes may be
worn. See the Maintenance
section of this manual or contact
your local Lincoln Electric
Authorized Field Service Facility.
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2. The engine RPM may be low.
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RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
1. Perform the Rotor Voltage Test.
2. If the rotor voltage is low, the
field capacitor (C1) or bridge
(D1) may be faulty. Test or
replace.
3. Check the rheostat (R1). Normal
resistance is 3.3 ohm. See the
Rheostat Replacement drawing.
4. The rotor may be faulty. Perform the Rotor Resistance Test.
5. The engine RPM may be low.
Perform the Engine Throttle
Adjustment Test.
6. If engine idle RPM is okay, the
engine may have lost horsepower and be in need of major
repair.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-7
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
ENGINE PROBLEMS
Engine will not start.
1. Make sure the piecing stop
switch is NOT touching the
spark plug boot.
3. Make sure that the fuel shutoff
valve is in the farthest upward
position.
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2. Check spark plug boot and wire
for loose or faulty connection.
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RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
4. Make certain that the engine
has adequate fuel and oil.
5. Adjust the choke to prevent carburetor flooding.
6. The recoil starter may not be
engaged with the engine. gently hit the blower housing and/or
pull the rope to its fully extended position and rapidly wiggle it.
Repeat until the clutch engages
with the engine shaft and resistance is felt.
1. Check the fuel line for breaks or
obstructions. Replace the fuel
filter. DO NOT RUN THE ENGINE WITHOUT AN IN-LINE
FUEL FILTER.
2. The spark plug may be faulty.
Replace.
3. Service the engine as outlined
in the Maintenance section of
this manual.
4. The engine magneto may be
faulty.
Consult Briggs &
Stratton owner’s manual.
5. The engine may be faulty.
Replace.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
F-8
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
ENGINE PROBLEMS
Engine will not stop running.
1. The piercing stop switch may
not be contacting the spark
plug. Make certain that the
pointed end of the lever firmly
contacts the spark plug tip.
1. Be sure the piercing stop switch
is securely mounted to the
engine.
Engine runs erratically or stops running.
1. Check the spark plug boot and
wire for loose or faulty connection.
1. The engine may require service
to the head or carburetor.
2. The spark plug may be faulty.
Replace.
3. The fuel and air mixture may be
out of adjustment. Consult
Briggs & Stratton owner’s manual.
4. The fuel supply may be contaminated with water.
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Engine sputters but will not start.
1. The spark plug may be faulty.
2. The fuel supply may be contaminated with water.
Consult Briggs & Stratton owner’s
manual.
3. The air filter may be clogged.
Replace.
4. The fuel and air mixture may be
out of adjustment.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-9
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
Observe Safety Guidelines
detailed in the beginning of this manual.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
PROBLEMS
(SYMPTOMS)
RECOMMENDED
COURSE OF ACTION
WELDING PROBLEMS
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The welding arc is “cold.” The
engine runs normally (3700 RPM,
no load). Auxiliary power is functioning normally.
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POSSIBLE AREAS OF
MISADJUSTMENT(S)
1. Check for loose or faulty connections at the weld output
terminals and welding cable
connections.
1. Check for the correct open circuit voltage (OCV) at the welder
output terminals – 62 VAC is
normal.
2. The welding cable may be too
long or coiled, causing an
excessive voltage drop.
If the correct voltage is present
at the output terminals, check
for loose connections on the
heavy current-carrying leads
inside the POWER-ARC 4000.
See the Wiring Diagram.
2. If the OCV is low at the welder
output
terminals,
perform
Engine Throttle Adjustment
Test.
3. Check for shorted or grounded
windings in the reactor (L1) and
also in the main stator.
See the Wiring Diagram.
CAUTION
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call
216-383-2531 or 1-800-833-9353.
POWER-ARC 4000
F-10
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
ROTOR VOLTAGE TEST
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or
machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
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If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353
(WELD).
TEST DESCRIPTION
This test will determine if the correct DC voltage is being applied to the rotor at maximum
engine speed (3700 RPM). This information will aid the technician in determining if the generator field is operating properly.
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MATERIALS NEEDED
Volt/Ohmmeter
5/16” Nut driver
Wiring Diagram
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-11
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
ROTOR VOLTAGE TEST (continued)
FIGURE F.1 - LOCATION OF LEAD 200A FOR ROTOR VOLTAGE TEST
GROUND STUD
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A
200
LEAD 200A
CONNECTION
OUTPUT PANEL
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TEST PROCEDURE
1. With the 5/16” nut driver, remove the 4
sheet metal screws that hold the top cover
to the control box. Remove the top cover.
5. Check the voltage reading on the
volt/ohmmeter. It should read 45 - 48
VDC.
2. Start the machine and run it at high idle.
Set the output control (rheostat) at the
MAXIMUM or GENERATOR setting.
6. If the voltage is low or not present, the
generator field circuit is not functioning
correctly.
Proceed with the Rotor
Resistance Test. C1, R1, or D1 may also
be faulty.
3. Set the volt/ohmmeter at the DC position.
4. Place the positive probe on lead 200A
(Blue and Brown wires joined together)
where it connects at the back of the rheostat. See Figure F.1 for location. Place
the negative probe on the machine ground
stud or any other good, unpainted ground.
POWER-ARC 4000
7. If rotor voltage is correct, the generator
field is okay. Replace the top cover on the
control box. Tighten the 4 sheet metal
screws with the 5/16” nut driver.
F-12
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
ROTOR RESISTANCE TEST
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or
machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
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If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353 (WELD).
TEST DESCRIPTION
This test will determine if there is a shorted winding in the rotor or if the rotor is grounded.
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MATERIALS NEEDED
Volt/Ohmmeter
1/4” Nut driver
Small slot head screw driver
Wiring Diagram
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-13
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
ROTOR RESISTANCE TEST (continued)
FIGURE F.2
LOCATION OF ROTOR SLIP RINGS - BRUSH HOLDER ASSEMBLY REMOVED
SLIP
RINGS
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TEST PROCEDURE
1. Conduct the test with the gasoline engine
OFF.
7. Measure the resistance across the rotor
slip rings.
2. Remove the spark plug wire to prevent
accidental engine kickback or starting.
A. Set the ohmmeter on the low scale
(X1).
3. Isolate the rotor electrically by removing
the generator brushes. Refer to Figure F.2
as you perform the remaining steps.
B. Place one meter probe on one of the
rotor slip rings. Place the other
probe on the other slip ring.
4. Open the brush holder assembly cover.
Squeeze the 2 tabs and depress the cover
at the top with a screw driver or your fingernail. The cover will drop open on its
bottom hinge.
C. Check the resistance across the slip
rings. It should read 7 - 8 ohms.
5. With the 1/4” nut driver, remove the 2
screws that hold the brush holder assembly in place.
A.. Set the ohmmeter on the high scale
(X100,000).
B. Place one probe on either of the slip
rings. Place the other probe on any
good, unpainted ground. Use the
ground stud or the rotor thru-bolt.
C. Check the resistance. It should read
very high, at least .5 megohm
(500,000 ohms).
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6. Slide the brush holder assembly out and
lay it aside, held by the 2 wires attached.
8. Measure the resistance to ground.
If the resistance checks meet the specifications, then the rotor is okay.
POWER-ARC 4000
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
F-14
ROTOR RESISTANCE TEST (continued)
FIGURE F.3 - BRUSHES RETAINED WITH CABLE TIE
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CABLE
TIE
BRUSHES
9. Reinstall the brush holder assembly after
the test. Depress the spring-loaded
brushes into the holder and slip a suitable
non-metallic, fairly stiff retainer through
the slots at the top and bottom of the
holder. A cable tie works well; see Figure
F.3. This will hold the brushes up so that
you can easily install the holder.
10. Slip the holder into position in the generator end bracket. Be careful not to
loosen the 2 attached wires.
11. Reinstall and tighten the 2 screws with
the 1/4” nut driver.
12. Slowly remove the non-metallic retainer
from the brush holder and let the brushes snap back against the slip rings.
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13. Snap the brush holder cover back into
position.
POWER-ARC 4000
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
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F-15
ENGINE THROTTLE ADJUSTMENT TEST
WARNING
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Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or
machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353
(WELD).
TEST DESCRIPTION
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If the machine output is low, this test will determine whether the gasoline engine high idle
speed is set for the correct maximum RPM.
MATERIALS NEEDED
7/16” open end or box wrench
Frequency counter or strobe-tach
Black or red marking pencil
POWER-ARC 4000
F-16
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
ENGINE THROTTLE ADJUSTMENT TEST (continued)
FIGURE F.4 - BLOWER PADDLE MARKED FOR STROBE-TACH METHOD
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MARK
TEST PROCEDURE
Frequency Counter Method:
This test can be conducted by any of three
methods.
1. Plug the frequency counter into one of the
115 VAC auxiliary receptacles.
Strobe-tach Method:
2. Start the engine and check the frequency
counter. At the proper RPM (3700), the
counter should read 61.7 Hz.
1. Stop the engine and remove the spark plug
wire to prevent accidental kickback or
starting.
2. With the black or red marking pencil, place
a mark on one of the blower paddles,
which can be reached through the vent
slots in the end bracket. See Figure F.4.
3. Connect the strobe-tach according the
manufacturer’s instructions.
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4. Reconnect the spark plug wire and start
the engine. Direct the strobe-tach light on
the blower paddle and synchronize it to the
rotating mark. The tach should read 3700
RPM.
3. Use the 7/16 wrench to turn in the springloaded adjustment nut. Increase the high
idle speed until the frequency counter
reads 61.7 Hz. See Figure F.5 for location
of the adjustment nut.
Oscilloscope Method:
1. Connect the oscilloscope according to the
manufacturer’s instructions. At 3700 RPM,
the waveform should exhibit a period of
16.2 milliseconds. Refer to the NORMAL
OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE WAVEFORM
(115 VAC SUPPLY) HIGH IDLE - NO LOAD
in this section of the manual.
5. Use the 7/16 wrench to turn in the springloaded adjustment nut. Increase the high
idle speed until the tach reads 3700 RPM.
See Figure F.5 for location of the adjustment nut.
12/95
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-17
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
ENGINE THROTTLE ADJUSTMENT TEST (continued)
2. Use the 7/16 wrench to turn in the spring-loaded
adjustment nut. Increase the high idle speed to
adjust the waveform period to 16.2 milliseconds.
See Figure F.5 for location of the adjustment nut.
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FIGURE F.5 - LOCATION OF ENGINE THROTTLE ADJUSTMENT NUT
NUT
POWER-ARC 4000
12/95
F-18
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
NORMAL OPEN CIRCUIT WELD VOLTAGE WAVEFORM
HIGH IDLE – NO LOAD
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CH1
0 volts
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50 volts
5 ms
This is the typical AC output voltage
generated from a properly operating
machine. Note that each vertical
division represents 50 volts and that
each horizontal division represents 5
milliseconds in time.
Note: Scope probes connected at
machine output terminals.
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SCOPE SETTINGS
Volts/Div ....................50V/Div.
Horizontal Sweep ....5 ms/Div.
Coupling ............................DC
Trigger.........................Internal
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-19
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
NORMAL OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE WAVEFORM (115 VAC SUPPLY)
HIGH IDLE – NO LOAD
1 Period = 16.2 ms @ 3700 rpm
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CH1
0 volts
Note: Scope probes connected at
machine 115 VAC receptacle.
SCOPE SETTINGS
Volts/Div ....................50V/Div.
Horizontal Sweep ....5 ms/Div.
Coupling ............................DC
Trigger.........................Internal
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5 ms
This is the typical AC output voltage
generated from a properly operating
machine. Note that each vertical
division represents 50 volts and that
each horizontal division represents 5
milliseconds in time.
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20 volts
POWER-ARC 4000
F-20
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
TYPICAL WELD OUTPUT WAVEFORM
MACHINE LOADED
CH1
0 volts
20 volts
5 ms
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MACHINE LOADED TO 125 AMPS AT 23 VAC
This is the typical AC output voltage
generated from a properly operating
machine. Note that each vertical
division represents 20 volts and that
each horizontal division represents 5
milliseconds in time. The mahine
was loaded with a resistance grid
bank.
Note: Scope probes connected at
machine output terminals.
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SCOPE SETTINGS
Volts/Div ....................20V/Div.
Horizontal Sweep ....5 ms/Div.
Coupling ............................DC
Trigger.........................Internal
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-21
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
BRUSH REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel. Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and
to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed
throughout this manual.
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353
(WELD).
DESCRIPTION
The following procedure will aid the technician in accessing the generator brushes for
maintenance or replacement.
MATERIALS NEEDED
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Small slot head screw driver
1/4” Nut driver
Needle nose pliers
POWER-ARC 4000
F-22
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
BRUSH REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT (continued)
FIGURE F.6 - BRUSHES RETAINED WITH CABLE TIE
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CABLE
TIE
BRUSHES
PROCEDURE
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1. Remove the spark plug wire.
2. Open the brush holder assembly cover.
Squeeze the 2 tabs and depress the cover
at the top with a screw driver or your fingernail. The cover will drop open on its
bottom hinge.
3. With the 1/4” nut driver, remove the 2
screws that hold the brush holder assembly in place.
4. With the needle nose pliers, gently remove
the black and the red wires.
5. To change the brushes, use the slot head
screw driver to pop off the plastic retainer
on the back of the brush holder assembly.
6. Remove the old brush assemblies and
insert the new ones. One corner of the terminal clip is beveled so that the brush can
go in only one way.
7. Snap the plastic retainer back onto the
brush holder. The brushes may need some
repositioning; wiggle them slightly to help
them seat properly on the slip rings.
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Note: The red wire is inboard. “RED” is
marked on the brush holder beside the terminal for the red wire.
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-23
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
BRUSH REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT (continued)
PROCEDURE (continued)
8. To reinstall the brush holder assembly,
depress the spring-loaded brushes into
the holder and slip a suitable non-metallic, fairly stiff retainer through the slots at
the top and bottom of the holder. A cable
tie works well; see Figure F.6. This will
hold the brushes up so that you can easily install the holder.
11. Reinstall and tighten the 2 screws with the
1/4” nut driver.
9. With the needle nose pliers, reinstall the
red and the black wires to the appropriate
terminals on the brushes. The red wire is
inboard.
14. Snap the brush holder cover back into
position.
10. Slip the holder into position in the generator end bracket. Be careful not to loosen
the 2 attached wires.
POWER-ARC 4000
12. Slowly remove the non-metallic retainer
from the brush holder and let the brushes
snap back against the slip rings.
13. Check the wire connections or clearance
and tightness.
F-24
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
RHEOSTAT REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or
machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
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If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353 (WELD).
DESCRIPTION
The following procedure will aid the technician in accessing and removing the output control
rheostat for maintenance or replacement.
MATERIALS NEEDED
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5/16” Nut driver
Small slot head screw driver
9/16” Open or box end wrench
5/16” Open or box end wrench
Needle nose pliers
Wiring Diagram
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-25
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
RHEOSTAT REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
FIGURE F.7 - RHEOSTAT REMOVAL
See Figure F.7 for steps 3 - 9.
PROCEDURE
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1. Remove the spark plug wire.
2. With the 5/16” nut driver, remove the 4
sheet metal screws that hold the top cover
to the control box. Remove the top cover.
3. With the small slot head screw driver,
loosen the screw that holds the knob to
the rheostat shaft. The shaft has a flat for
locating the knob at reassembly.
4. With a 9/16” open or box end wrench,
remove the nut that holds the rheostat to
the control panel. Support the rheostat
with your hand as you turn the nut. There
is a shake-proof washer under the nut.
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5. Pull the rheostat back out of the control
panel and lay it out on its wires to loosen
the nuts that hold them.
6. With the 5/16” open or box end wrench,
remove the brass nuts from the wire terminals. Support the terminals as you turn
the wrench to avoid ripping the terminals
from their foundations. Note the wire
locations for reassembly.
Note: The brass screws are double-nutted
with a shake-proof star washer under the
screw head.
POWER-ARC 4000
7. To reinstall the rheostat, replace each of
the brass screws. Place a shake-proof
star washer under the head, insert the
screw into the rheostat and tighten down
one nut. Replace the appropriate wires
and tighten down the second nut. Again,
support the terminals as you turn the
wrench to avoid ripping the terminals
from their foundations.
8. Reassemble the rheostat to the front of
the control panel. Line up the locating
tab on the rheostat with the slot on the
control panel hole.
9. Reassemble the shake-proof star washer
and nut and tighten securely with the
9/16” wrench.
10. Locate the flat spot on the shaft, line up
the knob locking screw, push the knob
onto the shaft and tighten the screw with
the small slot head screw driver.
11. Check the rheostat knob for proper rotation, minimum to maximum.
12. Replace the top cover of the control box
and tighten the 4 sheet metal screws with
the 5/16” nut driver.
F-26
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
CAPACITOR AND/OR DIODE BRIDGE REMOVAL AND
REPLACEMENT
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or
machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353
(WELD).
DESCRIPTION
The following procedure will aid the technician in accessing and removing the capacitor and
diode bridge for maintenance or replacement of either component.
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MATERIALS NEEDED
5/16” Nut driver
Jumper wire with alligator clips on each end for discharging the field capacitor
Slot head screw driver
Needle nose pliers
Wiring Diagram
POWER-ARC 4000
F-27
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
CAPACITOR AND/OR DIODE BRIDGE REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
(continued)
FIGURE F.8 - DIODE BRIDGE LOCATION AND DISCHARGING THE FIELD CAPACITOR
DIODE
BRIDGE
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JUMPER
CAPACITOR
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PROCEDURE - CAPACITOR
REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
1. Remove the engine spark plug wire.
5. Snap the capacitor out of the assembly.
2. With the 5/16” nut driver, remove the 4
sheet metal screws that hold the top cover
to the control box. Remove the top cover.
6. Loosen the two screws on the top of the
capacitor. Lead 202A (Red) attaches to
the positive (+) terminal. Leads 201 and
201A (both Black) attach to the negative () terminal.
3. Discharge the field capacitor by connecting the jumper wire clips on the black and
the red wire terminals on the top of the
capacitor. See Figure F.8 for location.
Leave the clips on for at least 5 seconds,
then remove.
4. Both the capacitor and the diode bridge
are mounted in a molded plastic holder.
To remove it, pull out on the top of the
holder, then slide it upward.
POWER-ARC 4000
7. To replace the capacitor, reattach the
leads to their respective terminals (202A
Red to positive (+); 201 and 201A Black to
negative (-) and tighten the screws securely. Snap the capacitor back into the molded plastic holder and slide the holder back
into position in the panel. Replace the top
cover of the control box and tighten down
the 4 sheet metal screws with the 5/16” nut
driver.
F-28
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
CAPACITOR AND/OR DIODE BRIDGE REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
(continued)
PROCEDURE - DIODE BRIDGE
REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
1. To remove the diode bridge, first you will
have to remove the field capacitor. Follow
Steps 1 - 5 on capacitor removal and
replacement procedure.
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2. Depress the retainer clip on the molded
plastic holder and slide the diode bridge
out.
Lead 201 (Black) and 201B (Green) are piggybacked on the negative (-) terminal, which will
always be located diagonally across from the
positive (+) terminal.
The 2 Blue leads are the AC side of the
bridge and attach to the other two corners.
Either lead can go on either terminal.
3. With the needle nose pliers, gently remove
the 4 wires from the diode bridge.
5. Slide the bridge back into the molded plastic holder until the retainer clip snaps it
securely in place. Snap the capacitor back
into the holder and then slide the unit back
into position in the panel.
4. Replace the wires to their appropriate locations on the new diode bridge:
6. Check that the leads are not grounded and
for clearance and tightness.
Lead 200 (Red) attaches to the positive (+)
terminal. Depending on the bridge used, this
corner may be beveled and/or marked with a +
sign.
7. Replace the top cover of the control box
and tighten the 4 sheet metal screws with
the 5/16” nut driver.
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-29
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
STATOR/ROTOR REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT
WARNING
Service and repair should be performed by only Lincoln Electric factory trained personnel.
Unauthorized repairs performed on this equipment may result in danger to the technician or
machine operator and will invalidate your factory warranty. For your safety and to avoid electrical shock, please observe all safety notes and precautions detailed throughout this manual.
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If for any reason you do not understand the test procedures or are unable to perform the
test/repairs safely, contact the Lincoln Electric Service Department for electrical troubleshooting assistance before you proceed. Call 216-383-2531 or 1-800—833-9353
(WELD).
DESCRIPTION
The following procedure will aid the technician in removing the stator and/or rotor for maintenance or replacement of either component.
MATERIALS NEEDED
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Lincoln Electric Rotor Removal Kit (S20925) - FOR ROTOR REMOVAL ONLY
5/16” nut driver
1/2” socket wrench
6” socket extension
Slot head screw driver
5/8” socket wrench
7/16” socket wrench
7/16” open or box end wrench
3/4” socket or box end wrench
1/2” socket or box end wrench
Needle nose pliers
Diagonal cutters
Torque wrench (ft lbs)
Babbitt, leather, or wooden mallet
Volt/ohmmeter
12” (long) feeler gauge (.010)
INSTRUCTIONS
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For stator removal only, follow steps 1 -17 under STATOR REMOVAL PROCEDURE. For
reassembly of stator, go to REASSEMBLY PROCEDURE steps 3 - 18.
For rotor removal, follow the STATOR REMOVAL PROCEDURE, ROTOR REMOVAL PROCEDURE, and REASSEMBLY PROCEDURE.
POWER-ARC 4000
F-30
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
STATOR/ROTOR REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT (continued)
into the output terminal hole loosely for
reassembly. Set the control panel back on
the control box and hold it in place with 1
sheet metal screw in each side.
STATOR REMOVAL PROCEDURE
1. Remove engine spark plug wire to prevent
accidental kickback or starting.
2. With the 5/16” nut driver, remove the 4
sheet metal screws that hold the top cover
to the control box. Remove the top cover.
8. Remove the brush holder assembly. Open
the brush holder assembly cover. Squeeze
the 2 tabs and depress the cover at the top
with a screw driver or your fingernail. The
cover will drop open on its bottom hinge.
With the 1/4” nut driver, remove the 2
screws that hold the brush holder assembly
in place. With the needle nose pliers, gently
remove the black and the red wires. Set the
brush holder aside. Pull the wires up into
the control box.
3. Remove the 4 1/2” nuts and washers that
anchor the control box to the stator frame.
Two of the nuts also anchor the reactor.
The reactor must be moved over to access
the front left hand nut anchoring the control
box. Be careful not to drop the washers into
the machine.
4. Lift up the control box and unscrew the 4
rubber mounts. Set the control box onto the
stator frame for the moment.
9. Pull apart the molex coupling for the engine
flywheel alternator. This is the single wire on
the left side of the machine, running from
the engine to the stator.
5. Pull apart the molex coupling that connects
the stator to the wiring harness.
10. Disconnect lead W1 (Black) that connects
to the reactor lead. Replace the nut, splitring lock washer, and flat washer finger
tight on the bolt for reassembly.
6. With the slot head screw driver, remove the
6 sheet metal screws that hold the control
panel to the control box - 3 on each side.
You may need to use the 5/16” end wrench
on the engine side because of limited clearance. Pull the panel away from the control
box.
11. Slide the control panel and box assembly
out of the machine cradle. Carefully pull
the wire leads down through the box as
you remove it. Note that the reactor is
loose inside the box and may slide around.
7. With the 9/16” open end wrench, remove
lead W2 (Black) from the output terminal.
See Figure F.9 for location. With the diagonal cutters, cut the cable tie that holds the
two output leads together. Pull lead W2
back out of the way; screw the bolt back
FIGURE F.9 - OUTPUT LEAD LOCATION
TIE WRAP
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W2
1
W
OUTPUT
TERMINALS
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-31
TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
STATOR/ROTOR REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT (continued)
12. Slide a short length of 2 X 4 under the
engine to support it when the stator is
removed.
15. Lift up the stator and slide out the support bracket. The engine will now rest on
the 2 X 4.
13. With the 1/2” socket wrench, remove the
2 nuts that hold the stator end bracket
support. See Figure F.10 for location.
There are 2 split-ring lock washers and 2
flat washers along with the nuts.
16. With the babbitt/leather/wooden mallet,
tap off the end bracket. Alternate sides
as you tap; watch the bearing to judge
the amount of movement you’re getting.
14. With the 7/16” socket and 7/16” end
wrench, remove the 4 thru-bolts for the
generator assembly. See Figure F.10.
Note the green grounding wire on the top
right hand bolt. It has a flat washer. All 4
bolts have a split-ring lock washer under
the head and a shake-proof star washer
on the nut side. The bolts must point
toward the engine for reassembly.
17. Once the end bracket is off, carefully pull
off the stator. IMPROPER HANDLING
OF THE STATOR CAN RESULT IN
SHORTED WINDINGS AND/OR LOST
OUTPUT.
FIGURE F.10 – STATOR END BRACKET SUPPORT AND THRU-BOLTS
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THRUBOLTS
THRUBOLTS
SUPPORT
POWER-ARC 4000
NUTS
F-32
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
STATOR/ROTOR REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT (continued)
FIGURE F.11 - ROTOR WITH STATOR REMOVED
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ROTOR
THRU-BOLT
1. To remove the rotor, double check that the
spark plug wire is disconnected. You will
be turning the rotor during this procedure,
and this could accidentally cause engine
kickback.
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ROTOR REMOVAL PROCEDURE
2. With an impact wrench, remove the rotor
thru-bolt. See Figure F.11. If an impact
wrench is not available, use the 1/2” box
wrench. Hold the rotor with one hand and
shock the wrench with the mallet to loosen
the thru-bolt. The thru-bolt has a star
washer and lock washer, beveled to conform to the rotor shaft. Pull out the thrubolt.
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3. Install the long thru-bolt supplied with
Lincoln Electric Rotor Removal Kit S20925.
The slot head must face out. Screw in the
bolt with the slot head screw driver until the
bolt bottoms out on the engine crankshaft,
about 3/4”.
4. Turning it counterclockwise, screw in the
reverse thread bolt from the kit into the rotor
shaft until it bottoms out on the thru-bolt.
wrench with the mallet until the rotor pops
off the engine crankshaft.
6. Slide the rotor and blower (press-fitted to
the rotor) the rest of the way off the crankshaft.
REASSEMBLY PROCEDURE
1. ubricate the tapered engine crankshaft.
Slide the rotor onto the shaft.
2. Coat the rotor thru-bolt threads with Lincoln
E177-R retaining compound (Locktite( 277).
Place the beveled lock washers onto the
thru-bolt and insert it into the rotor shaft.
Hold the rotor and tighten the thru-bolt to
22 - 25 ft lbs.
3. Carefully install the stator, with the leads at
the 1 o’ clock position. IMPROPER HANDLING OF THE STATOR CAN RESULT IN
SHORTED WINDINGS AND/OR LOST
OUTPUT.
4. Install the end bracket. Slide it on and
install the two top thru-bolts loosely to hold
the end bracket for the next step.
5. Install the end bracket support.
5. With an impact wrench, tighten the reverse
thread bolt until the rotor pops off the
engine crankshaft. If an impact wrench is
not available, use the 1/2” box wrench.
Hold the rotor with one hand and shock the
POWER-ARC 4000
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
STATOR/ROTOR REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT (continued)
6. Install the bottom two end bracket thrubolts.
Note: The flat washer goes on the top right
hand thru-bolt for the green ground wire.
7. Tap the end bracket with the mallet as
necessary to position it. Tighten the bolts
to 22 - 25 ft lbs. Alternate tightening in
order to pull the assembly together evenly. As you tighten, look through the brush
housing access door and watch the bearing to judge end bracket movement and
alignment.
8. Check the rotor-stator air gap with the
long .010 feeler gauge. The measurement
is taken through the brush holder access
door; see Figure F12. Turn the engine
with the recoil starter rope slightly so that
the rotor “iron” is up to take the measurement. (The rotor has two flat sides, which
are not measured for air gap.) Slide in the
gauge. Then rotate the shaft 180 degrees
and measure again. If the gauge does not
clear, loosen the four end bracket thrubolts, reposition the end bracket, retighten the bolts, and recheck the air gap.
Repeat until the proper .010 minimum air
gap is achieved.
9. Tighten the end bracket support nuts and
lock washers. Remove the 2 X 4 engine
support.
10. Reinstall the brush holder assembly.
Refer to the topic “BRUSH REMOVAL
AND REPLACEMENT” in this section of
the manual.
11. Slide the control box back into place. Pull
the stator and ground wire up through.
12. Remove the control panel (2 screws) and
reconnect the output terminal leads (W1,
W2). Install a new cable tie to hold the
leads together. Reconnect the stator
wire/harness molex coupling. Install the 6
screws that hold the control panel to the
box.
13. Connect the engine flywheel alternator
coupling.
14. Lift the control box and screw in the rubber mountings. Set the control box onto
the mountings.
15. Install the front left hand washer and nut
that anchors the control box to the stator
frame. Position the reactor and install the
remaining washers and nuts.
16. Check all terminal connections for clearance, grounding, and tightness.
17. Replace the top cover to the control box
and tighten the 4 nuts.
18. Conduct the “RETEST AFTER REPAIR”
procedure, the following topic in this section of the manual.
FIGURE F.12 - CHECKING ROTOR-STATOR AIR GAP
FEELER GAUGE
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F-33
ROTOR
POWER-ARC 4000
STATOR
F-34
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TROUBLESHOOTING & REPAIR
RETEST AFTER REPAIR
Retest a machine:
• If it is rejected under test for any reason that requires you to remove any mechanical part which could affect the
machine’s electrical characteristics.
OR
• If you repair or replace any electrical components.
No Load RPM
3725
3675
Maximum Speed
Minimum Speed
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ENGINE OUTPUT
Load RPM
3650
3400
WELDER/GENERATOR OUTPUT1
Output Control
Field Volts
Field Amps
Maximum
Minimum
43 - 49
–
4.8 - 5.8
–
Open Circuit
Volts
60 - 63
55 - 60
Load Volts
Load Amps
12 - 25
14 - 27
120 - 125
75 - 85
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AUXILIARY POWER RECEPTACLE OUTPUT1
Output
Control
Maximum
230 Volt Receptacle
Open Circuit
Load Volts
Volts
255 - 267
215 - 230
Load Amps
18 - 20
115 Volt Receptacle2
Open Circuit
Load Volts Load Amps
Volts
127 - 133
112 - 120
18 - 20
1
Current Control Dial set at MAXIMUM or GENERATOR.
2
Output values of each receptacle can vary within the range shown
12/95
POWER-ARC 4000
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F-35
POWER-ARC 4000
NOTES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS Electrical Diagrams.........................................................................................................Section G
PowerArc 4000......................................................................................................................G-1
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Section G
POWER-ARC 4000
POWER-ARC 4000
GNDB
GREEN
6A
BLACK
3B
YELLOW
6B
YELLOW
CB2
YELLOW
(STATOR TO END BRACKET)
GNDC GREEN
GREEN
6
STATOR
3
7
BLUE
9
BLUE
202
BLACK
3A
CB1
BLACK
GNDD
GREEN
5
WHITE
201B
GREEN
BLACK
201A
(-)
BROWN
9
(-)
7
200A
BLUE
SHOWN VIEWED FROM REAR.
8-19-94
S20903
SWITCH
RUN/STOP
PER E1537.
SYMBOLS
ELECTRICAL
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ALL CASE FRONT COMPONENTS
MAG
ALTERNATOR
NOTE:
D1
(+)
RED
200
ENGINE WIRING
FLYWHEEL
BLACK
201
C1
600 MFD
CLEVELAND, OHIO U.S.A.
RED
R1
202A
CCW
(+)
100W
3.3
W1
ROTOR
200B
BLACK
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BLACK
GNDA
OUTPUT STUDS
REACTOR
W1A
BLACK
W2
BLACK
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L1
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G-1
- ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM -
WIRING DIAGRAM – Code 10083
NOTE: This diagram is for reference only. It may not be accurate for all machines covered by this manual. The
specific diagram for a particular code is pasted inside the machine on one of the enclosure panels.
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NOTES
G-2
POWER-ARC 4000
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G-3
POWER-ARC 4000
NOTES
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