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WeldingSafety Quick-Guide
Page 13
Lens Shade Selector Guide
Electrode Size
in. (mm)
Arc Current
(Amperes)
Minimum
Protective
Shade
Suggested*
Shade No.
(Comfort)
Less than 3/32 (2.5)
3/32−5/32 (2.5−4)
5/32−1/4 (4−6.4)
More than 1/4 (6.4)
Less than 60
60−160
160−250
250−550
7
8
10
11
—
10
12
14
Gas metal arc
welding (GMAW) and
flux cored arc
welding (FCAW)
Less than 60
60−160
160−250
250−550
7
10
10
10
—
11
12
14
Gas tungsten arc
welding (GTAW)
Less than 50
50−150
150−500
8
8
10
10
12
14
Less than 500
500−1000
10
11
12
14
Plasma arc welding
(PAW)
Less than 20
20−100
100−400
400−800
6
8
10
11
6 to 8
10
12
14
Plasma arc cutting
(PAC)
Less than 20
20−40
40−60
60−80
80−300
300−400
400−800
4
5
6
8
8
9
10
4
5
6
8
9
12
14
Torch brazing (TB)
—
—
3 or 4
Torch soldering (TS)
—
—
2
Carbon arc welding
(CAW)
—
—
14
Operation/Process
Shielded metal arc
welding (SMAW)
Air carbon arc cutting
(CAC−A)
(Light)
(Heavy)
Plate thickness
in.
mm
Oxyfuel gas welding
(OFW)
Light
Medium
Heavy
Under 1/8
1/8 to 1/2
Over 1/2
Under 3.2
3.2 to 12.7
Over 12.7
4 or 5
5 or 6
6 or 8
Oxygen Cutting (OC)
Light
Medium
Heavy
Under 1
1 to 6
Over 6
Under 25
25 to 150
Over 150
3 or 4
4 or 5
5 or 6
* As a rule of thumb, start with a shade that is too dark to see the weld or cut zone. Then go to a lighter shade
which gives sufficient view of the weld or cut zone without going below the minimum. In oxyfuel gas welding,
cutting, or brazing where the torch produces a high yellow light, it is desirable to use a filter lens that absorbs
the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the (spectrum) operation.
Guide adapted from ANSI Z49.1, 1999.
Low Current Plasma arc cutting data (0−80 Amperes) supplied by Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
Safety Quick-Guide
Page 14
Weld Cable Selector Guide*
�Turn Off power before connecting
to weld output terminals.
�Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
Electrode
Work
Weld Cable Size** And Total Cable (Copper) Length
In Weld Circuit Not Exceeding***
100 ft (30 m) Or Less
150 ft
(45 m)
200 ft
(60 m)
Welding
Amperes
10 − 60% Duty
Cycle
60 − 100%
Duty Cycle
100
4
4
4
3
150
3
3
2
1
200
3
2
1
1/0
250
2
1
1/0
2/0
300
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
350
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
400
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
500
2/0
3/0
4/0
2 ea. 2/0
600
3/0
4/0
2 ea. 2/0
2 ea. 3/0
700
4/0
2 ea. 2/0
2 ea. 3/0
2 ea. 4/0
800
4/0
2 ea. 2/0
2 ea. 3/0
2 ea. 4/0
900
2 ea. 2/0
2 ea. 3/0
2 ea. 4/0
3 ea. 3/0
1000
2 ea. 2/0
2 ea. 3/0
2 ea. 4/0
3 ea. 3/0
1250
2 ea. 3/0
2 ea. 4/0
3 ea. 3/0
4 ea. 3/0
10 − 100% Duty Cycle
*This chart is a general guideline and may not suit all applications. If cable overheating occurs
(normally you can smell it), use next size larger cable.
**Weld cable size (AWG) is based on either a 4 volts or less drop or a current density of at least
300 circular mils per ampere. Contact your distributor for the mm2 equivalent weld cable sizes.
***For distances longer than those shown in this Guide, call a factory applications
representative.
The above information furnished by: Miller Electric Company www.millerwelds.com and
Hobart Electric Company www.hobartwelders.com
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