Focal Solid 4 Car Amplifier User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
20
Seating and safety restraints
60
Starting and driving
Starting
92
Driving
98
Roadside emergencies
127
Servicing
Maintenance and care
150
Capacities and specifications
200
Reporting safety defects
207
Index
208
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including photocopying, recording or by any information storage
and retrieval system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without
written authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1997 Ford Motor Company
Elemental Chlorine Free
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a warning. Read the
following section on Warnings for
a full explanation.
Indicates vehicle information
related to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials
are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information
which may reduce the risk of
personal injury and prevent
possible damage to others, your
vehicle and its equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in
rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of
driving, vary speeds frequently.
This is necessary to give the
moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full
use of the brakes for the first
1 600 km (1 000 miles).
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS
GUIDE
The information found in this
guide was in effect at the time of
printing. Ford may change the
2
Introduction
contents without notice and
without incurring obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Using your vehicle as a
snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for
snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an
ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as
an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with
the Ford Ambulance Preparation
package.
Notice to owners of utility type
vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle,
please read this Owner’s Guide
carefully. Your vehicle is not a
passenger car. As with other
vehicles of this type, failure to
operate this vehicle correctly may
result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road
in the Driving chapter as well as
the “Four Wheeling” supplement
included with 4WD and utility type
vehicles.
3
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 6)
Driver side air
bag
(pg. 78)
Headlamp control
(pg. 20)
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
L
60
40 50
80
•
100
60
•
70
30 •
20
40•
000005
120
•
80
H
- +
18
C
- +
10
0
90
•
0000
100
8
3
2
•140
20•km/h
4
THEFT
5
1
ABS
0 RPMx1000
6
CHECK
ENGINE
4X4
RES
ON
SET
ACCEL
P
OFF
COAST
SRS
Turn signal and
wiper/washer
control
(pg. 38)
Rear window
defroster control
(pg. 22)
4
Speed control
(pg. 33)
Instrumentation
Electronic sound
system; refer to
Audio Guide
(pg. 23)
Gearshift
(includes
overdrive button)
(pg. 104)
FM 1
VOL-PUSH ON
FM 1
AM
FM
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
ST
BAL
BASS TREB
EJ
DOLBY 8 NR
FADE AUTO
SET
TAPE CD
DISCS
REW
1
LO
A4WD
2H
FF
2
SIDE 1-2
3
COMP
5
4
FLOOR
PANEL
LO
4H
PANEL
4L
HI
SHUFFLE
6
OFF
OFF
PANEL
PANEL
& &
FLOOR
FLOOR
FLOOR
FLR&
DEF
FLR
& DEF
HI
DEF
DEF
COOL
COOL
4WD Control
(pg. 23)
WARM
WARM
Climate controls
(pg. 23)
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
!
20
L
H
- +
40
60
30
18
C
8
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
3
70
80
140
20 km/h
90
4
2
120
THEFT
1
ABS
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
P RN
D
100
21
5
FUEL DOOR
0
6
RPM X1000
CHECK
ENGINE
A4WD
FUEL
RESET
Low fuel
Illuminates when the fuel level is
low. The lamp will also illuminate
when the ignition key is turned to
ON and the engine is off.
LOW
FUEL
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the
engine’s emission control system.
This system is commonly known as
the On Board Diagnostics System
(OBD II). This OBD II system
protects the environment by
ensuring that your vehicle
continues to meet government
emission standards. The OBD II
system also assists the service
technician in properly servicing
your vehicle.
The Check Engine indicator light
illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to
check the bulb. If it comes on after
6
CHECK
ENGINE
CHECK
SUSP
LOW
WASH
LOW
RANGE
4X4
Instrumentation
the engine is started, one of the
engine’s emission control systems
may be malfunctioning. The light
may illuminate without a
driveability concern being noted.
The vehicle will usually be drivable
and will not require towing.
What you should do if the
check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system
has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause
your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel.
(The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the
fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been
properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can
be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or
properly installing and securely
tightening the gas cap. After three
driving cycles without these or any
other temporary malfunctions
present, the Check Engine light
should turn off. (A driving cycle
consists of a cold engine startup
followed by mixed city/highway
driving.) No additional vehicle
service is required.
7
Instrumentation
If the Check Engine light remains
on, have your vehicle serviced at
the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which
could damage your catalytic
converter. You should drive in a
moderate fashion (avoid heavy
acceleration and deceleration) and
have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
Under engine misfire
conditions, excessive
exhaust temperatures could
damage the catalytic converter,
the fuel system, interior floor
coverings or other vehicle
components, possibly causing a
fire.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to
flash or remains on, have the
system serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON to remind
you to fasten your safety belts. For
more information, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
8
Instrumentation
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the
engine is off. Also illuminates when
the parking brake is engaged.
Illumination after releasing the
parking brake indicates low brake
fluid level.
BRAKE
!
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the
engine is off. If the light remains
on, continues to flash or fails to
illuminate, have the system
serviced immediately.
ABS
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior
bulbs in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
9
Instrumentation
SecuriLock Y anti-theft system
This light indicates the anti-theft
alarm system is armed. Refer to
Anti-theft system in the Controls
and features chapter. Momentarily
illuminates when the ignition is
turned to ON/START. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to
flash or remains on, have the
system serviced. Refer to
SecuriLocky anti-theft system in
the Controls and features
chapter.
Charging system
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
This light will come on when the
key is in the ON position and the:
• engine coolant temperature is
very high
• engine oil pressure is low
The light serves as a notice that a
system needs your attention and to
check the engine coolant
temperature gauge and the engine
oil pressure gauge.
Refer to Engine coolant
temperature gauge and Engine
10
THEFT
Instrumentation
oil pressure gauge in this chapter
for more information.
Four wheel drive low
(if equipped)
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
low is selected.
LOW
RANGE
Four wheel drive indicator
(if equipped)
Illuminates when 4x4 range is
selected.
4x4
Automatic four wheel drive
indicator (if equipped)
Illuminates when A4WD
(automatic 4–wheel drive) is
engaged.
A4WD
Check air suspension
Illuminates momentarily when the
ignition is turned to the ON
position and the engine is OFF.
The light also illuminates when the
air suspension system requires
servicing.
For information on the air
suspension system, refer to the
Driving chapter.
CHECK
SUSP
11
Instrumentation
Low washer fluid
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to ON and when the
windshield washer fluid is low.
LOW
WASH
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition
switch is in the ON or START
position and any door is open.
DOOR
AJAR
Fuel reset
Illuminates when the ignition key
is turned to the ON position and
the fuel pump shut-off switch has
been triggered. For more
information, refer to Fuel pump
shut-off switch in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten
your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt
warning chime, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Supplemental restraint system
(SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS
warning chime, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
12
FUEL
RESET
Instrumentation
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the
ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and either front door is
opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or
parking lamps are on, the ignition
is off (and the key is not in the
ignition) and either front door is
opened.
GAUGES
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
!
20
L
H
- +
18
C
8
40
60
30
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
3
70
80
2
120
140
20 km/h
90
1
4
THEFT
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
P RN
D
100
5
FUEL DOOR
CHECK
SUSP
LOW
WASH
LOW
RANGE
ABS
0
21
6
RPM X1000
CHECK
ENGINE
A4WD
FUEL
RESET
4X4
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The
fuel gauge may vary slightly when
the vehicle is in motion. The
ignition should be in the OFF
position while the vehicle is being
refueled. When the gauge first
indicates empty, there is a small
amount of reserve fuel in the tank.
When refueling the vehicle from
empty indication, the amount of
fuel that can be added will be less
F
E
13
Instrumentation
than the advertised capacity due to
the reserve fuel.
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle
speed.
40
60
30
20
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
Engine coolant temperature
gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal
operating temperature, the needle
remains within the normal area
(the area between the “H” and
“C”). If it enters the red section,
the engine is overheating. Stop the
vehicle, switch off the ignition and
let the engine cool. Refer to
Engine coolant in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
Never remove the coolant
recovery cap while the
engine is running or hot.
This gauge indicates the
temperature of the engine coolant,
not the coolant level. If the coolant
is not at its proper level or
mixture, the gauge indication will
not be accurate.
14
90
H
C
100
Instrumentation
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
40
60
30
40
20
10
0
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
90
160
100
MPH 0 0 0 0
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
40
60
30
20
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
90
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
3
4
2
1
0
FUEL DOOR
RPM X1000
5
6
15
Instrumentation
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated),
have the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
18
8
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle
remains in the normal range (the
area between the “H” and “L”).
If the gauge indicates low
pressure, switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to
Checking and adding engine oil
in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct,
have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified
technician.
TRIP COMPUTER
The trip computer tells you about
the condition of your vehicle
through a constant monitor of
vehicle systems. You may select
display features on the trip
computer for a display of status.
The appearance of your vehicle’s
trip computer may differ
16
H
L
Instrumentation
depending on your vehicle’s option
package, but the functions are the
same.
The trip computer only works
when the ignition is in the ON
position. Trip computer features
follow:
Selectable features
English/metric display
Press this control to change the
trip computer display from metric
to English units. Press again to
change from English to metric
units.
MODE
E/M
RESET
MILES
TO EMPTY
Mode control
Each press of the MODE control
will display a different feature as
follows:
Compass display. Refer to
Electronic compass in the
Controls and features chapter for
more information.
Fuel range. This displays the
approximate number of kilometers
(miles) left to drive before the fuel
tank is empty. The indicated
distance to empty may be
inaccurate:
1. with sustained, drastic changes
in fuel economy (such as trailer
towing), but will eventually
recover.
MODE
E/M
RESET
MILES
TO EMPTY
17
Instrumentation
2. if the vehicle is started while
parked on an incline.
3. if less than 30 liters (8 gallons)
of fuel is added to the fuel tank.
The fuel range function will flash
for 5 seconds when you have
approximately the following
amounts of fuel left before you run
out:
• 80 km (50 miles)
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
Average fuel economy. The
display will indicate the vehicle’s
average fuel economy in liters/100
km (or miles/gallon) since last
reset.
• To reset the average fuel
economy:
1. Press the MODE control
repeatedly until AVG F/ECON is
displayed (no other display is
resettable).
2. Press the E/M and MODE
controls simultaneously.
Instantaneous fuel economy.
The display will indicate the
instantaneous fuel economy of
your running vehicle.
18
MODE
E/M
RESET
MILES
TO EMPTY
Instrumentation
Press the MODE control one final
time to turn the trip computer
display off.
MODE
E/M
RESET
MILES
TO EMPTY
19
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
desired position:
— OFF.
— Parking lamps on.
— Headlamps on.
P
PULL
FOR
FOG
Foglamp control (if equipped)
The headlamp control also
operates the foglamps. The
foglamps can be turned on only
when the headlamps are in the
position.
Pull headlamp control towards you
to turn foglamps on. The foglamp
indicator light
(located to the
right of the control) will illuminate.
Daytime running light (Canadian
vehicles only)
The daytime running light system
turns the headlamps on, with a
reduced light output, when:
• the vehicle is running
• the parking brake is released
• the headlamp system is in the
OFF position
20
P
PULL
FOR
FOG
Controls and features
The Daytime Running
Light (DRL) system will
not illuminate the tail lamps and
parking lamps. Turn on your
headlamps at dusk. Failure to do
so may result in a collision.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlight
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
Use to control the dome lamps.
• Rotate all the way up to turn on.
• Rotate all the way down to
override.
AUTOLAMP CONTROL
The autolamp system provides
light sensitive automatic on-off
control of the exterior lights
normally controlled by the
headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps
the lights on for a preselected
period of time after the ignition
switch is turned to OFF.
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the
control up. The preselected time
lapse is adjustable up to
approximately three minutes by
continuing to rotate the control
upward.
21
Controls and features
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the
control down until it clicks.
• A small LED illuminates next to
the autolamp control to indicate
that the headlamps have been
turned on by the autolamps.
• Foglamps are not controlled by
the autolamps. In order to turn
on the foglamps, you must turn
the lamp switch to the
position and pull for fog.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is
located on the instrument panel.
Press the defroster control to clear
the rear window of thin ice and
fog.
• The small LED will illuminate
when the defroster is activated.
The ignition must be in the ON
position to operate the rear
window defroster.
The defroster turns off
automatically after 10 minutes or
when the ignition is turned to the
OFF position. To manually turn off
the defroster before ten minutes
have passed, push the control
again.
22
Controls and features
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
4H
A4WD
This control operates the
Control-Trac 4WD. Refer to
Control trac automatic
four-wheel drive system in the
Driving chapter for more
information.
4L
2H
AUDIO SYSTEM
Refer to the “Audio Guide” for
instructions on how to operate the
audio system.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air
conditioning system
LO
PANEL
A/C
MAX
A/C
HI
OFF
PANEL &
FLOOR
FLOOR
FLR
& DEF
DEF
COOL
WARM
Fan speed control
LO
Controls the volume of air
circulated in the vehicle.
HI
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
COOL
WARM
23
Controls and features
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the
airflow to the inside of the vehicle.
PANEL
A/C
MAX
A/C
OFF
PANEL &
FLOOR
FLOOR
FLR
& DEF
DEF
The air conditioning compressor
will operate in all modes except
PANEL and FLOOR. However, the
air conditioning will only function
if the outside temperature is about
10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes
considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if
clear water drips on the ground
under the air conditioner drain
while the system is working and
even after you have stopped the
vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your
vehicle’s climate control system
should be left in any position other
than MAX A/C or OFF when the
vehicle is parked. This allows the
vehicle to “breathe” through the
outside air inlet duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air
to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is
noisier than A/C but more
economical and will cool the
inside of the vehicle faster.
Airflow will be from the
instrument panel registers. This
mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the
24
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
vehicle. It is quieter than MAX
A/C but not as economical.
Airflow will be from the
instrument panel registers.
PANEL-Distributes outside air
through the instrument panel
registers. However, the air will
not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air
conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and
the fan will not operate. For
short periods of time only, use
this mode to prevent
undesirable odors from entering
the vehicle.
PANEL & FLOOR-Distributes
outside air through the
instrument panel registers and
the floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. For
added customer comfort, when
the temperature control knob is
anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the
air distributed through the floor
ducts will be slightly warmer
than the air sent to the
instrument panel registers.
FLOOR-Allows for maximum
heating by distributing outside
air through the floor ducts.
However, the air will not be
cooled below the outside
temperature because the air
conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
25
Controls and features
• FLR & DEF-Distributes outside
air through the windshield
defroster ducts and the floor
ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. For
added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor
ducts will be slightly warmer
than the air sent to the
windshield defroster ducts. If
the temperature is about 10°C
(50°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to prevent
fogging.
-Distributes outside
• DEF
air through the windshield
defroster ducts. It can be used
to clear ice or fog from the
windshield. If the temperature is
about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the
air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to prevent
fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select DEF
before driving. This will
prevent your windshield from
fogging. After a few minutes,
select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup
inside the vehicle, don’t drive
with the climate control system
in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the
front seat that will interfere with
the airflow to the back seats (if
equipped).
26
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• If your vehicle has been parked
with the windows closed during
hot weather, the air conditioner
will do a much faster job of
cooling if you drive for two or
three minutes with the windows
open. This will force most of the
hot, stale air out of the vehicle.
Then operate your air
conditioner as you would
normally.
• When placing objects on top of
your instrument panel, be
careful to not place them over
the defroster outlets. These
objects can block airflow and
reduce your ability to see
through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on
top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into
the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage
your climate control system.
27
Controls and features
Rear console climate controls
(if equipped)
Depending on the equipment
package of your vehicle, the rear
console may not be equipped with
rear console audio/climate controls.
Turn the air distribution control to
the desired airflow position.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
The instrument panel climate
controls must be on in order for
the rear climate control console
controls to work.
Turn the fan speed control to the
desired position.
- VOLUME +
MODE
SEEK
MEMORY
for air to flow through
Select
these vents:
–
VOLUME
SEEK
28
+
BAND
MEMORY
Controls and features
Select
for air to flow through
these vents:
–
VOLUME
SEEK
+
BAND
MEMORY
Auxiliary A/C-heater controls
(if equipped)
The auxiliary A/C-heater feature
provides increased capacity to
quickly heat or cool the vehicle.
Besides the driver’s overhead
control panel for the front seat
occupants, the second row
auxiliary A/C-heater controls allow
the rear passengers to control the
temperature in the rear of the
vehicle through a second control
panel above the second row.
29
Controls and features
OFF
In order for the auxiliary
A/C-heater controls to function,
the driver’s auxiliary A/C-heater
control must be set to REAR.
REAR
HI
COOL
WARM
LO
The instrument panel climate
controls must be on in order for
the auxiliary A/C-heater to operate.
PANEL
OFF
PANEL &
FLOOR
FLR
& DEF
HI
DEF
COOL
WARM
OFF
LO
HI
30
FLOOR
FLOOR
When the auxiliary A/C-heater
control is set to FLOOR, airflow
only occurs from the third row
seat floor vent located in the
driver’s side rear quarter trim
panel.
When the auxiliary A/C-heater
control is set to PANEL, airflow
occurs from the overhead 2nd and
3rd row vents.
Turn the fan speed control knob to
the desired speed.
PANEL
Controls and features
Turn the temperature control to
the desired temperature.
COOL
OFF
You can get warm or cool air
through either the overhead
registers or floor vent by turning
the auxiliary mode selector:
• Far left for airflow to the
overhead registers.
• Far right for airflow to the rear
floor vent.
WARM
LO
HI
COOL
WARM PANEL
FLOOR
• Anywhere between PANEL and
FLOOR to vary airflow between
the outlets.
PANEL
FLOOR
31
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the
electrical accessories such as the
radio to operate while the engine
is not running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits
operational. Warning lights
illuminated. Key position when
driving.
5. START, cranks the engine.
Release the key as soon as the
engine starts.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right
turn signal.
32
3
4
5
2
1
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed
control in heavy traffic or
on roads that are winding,
slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift
lever into N (Neutral) with
the speed control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off,
the previously programmed set
speed will be erased.
33
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate,
the speed control must be ON
and the vehicle speed must be
greater than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep
hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than
the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the
vehicle speed if it increases above
the set speed on a downhill. If
your vehicle speed is faster than
the set speed while driving on a
downhill, you may want to shift to
the next lower gear or apply the
brakes to reduce your vehicle
speed.
If your vehicle slows down more
than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your
set speed on an uphill, your speed
control will disengage. This is
normal. Pressing
RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage
it.
Do not use the speed
control in heavy traffic or
on roads that are winding,
slippery, or unpaved.
34
Controls and features
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Release the control
when the desired vehicle speed
is reached or
• Press and release SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Each press will increase
the set speed by 1.6 km/h (1
mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal, then press and release
SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the
accelerator pedal at any time
during speed control usage.
Releasing the accelerator pedal will
return your vehicle to the
previously programmed set speed.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
35
Controls and features
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET ACC/SET
ACCEL.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
36
Controls and features
To return to a previously set
speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering
wheel when the vehicle is
moving.
37
Controls and features
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard
flasher control, refer to Hazard
lights control in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER
CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper
control to the desired interval, low
or high speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle.
Rear window wiper/washer
controls
Rotate (and hold as desired) the
rear wiper/washer control to either
position.
From either position, the control
will automatically return to the
INT2 or OFF position.
For rear wiper operation, rotate
the rear window wiper and washer
control to the desired position.
Select:
INT 2 — One second interval rear
wiper.
38
Controls and features
INT 1 — Ten second interval rear
wiper.
OFF — Rear wiper and washer off.
Speed dependent wipers
When the windshield wiper control
is set on the intermittent settings,
speed-sensitive front wipers
automatically adjust as the
vehicle’s speed increases.
HIGH BEAMS
Push forward to activate.
FLASH TO PASS
Pull back to activate and release to
deactivate.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive
position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows
automatic upshifts to second, third
and forth gear.
39
Controls and features
Deactivating overdrive
Press the transmission control at
the end of the gearshift lever. The
transmission control indicator light
TCIL (OFF) will illuminate on the
end of the gearshift lever
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
to normal overdrive mode, press
the transmission control again. The
TCIL (OFF) will no longer be
illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start
your vehicle, the transmission will
automatically return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
OVERHEAD CONSOLE
The appearance of your vehicle’s
overhead console will vary
according to your option package.
Forward storage bin
(if equipped)
Press the release control to open
the storage compartment. The
door will open slightly and can be
moved to full open.
The storage compartment may be
used to secure sunglasses or a
similar object.
40
OVERDRIVE
OVERDRIVE OFF
Controls and features
Installing a garage door opener
(if equipped)
The storage compartment can be
converted to accommodate a
variety of aftermarket garage door
openers:
• Place Velcroy hook onto back
side of aftermarket transmitter
opposite of actuator control.
• Place transmitter into storage
compartment, control down.
• Place the provided height
adaptors onto the back of the
storage bin door as needed.
• Press the storage compartment
door to activate the transmitter.
41
Controls and features
One-touch moon roof
(if equipped)
• Press and release the rear
portion of the moon roof control
to open.
• Press and hold (as desired) the
front portion of the moon roof
control to close.
• To halt motion at any point
during one-touch opening, press
the control a second time.
• The moon roof has a sliding
shade that can be manually
opened or closed when the glass
panel is shut.
• To close the shade, pull it
toward the front of the vehicle.
Do not let children play
with the moon roof. They
may seriously hurt themselves.
Message center
For information on the message
center, refer to Electronic
message center in the
Instrumentation chapter.
Electronic compass
(if equipped)
The compass reading may be
affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and
powerful broadcast antenna.
Magnetic or metallic objects placed
in, on or near the vehicle may also
affect compass accuracy.
42
VENT
ROOF
VENT
Controls and features
Usually, when something affects
the compass readings, the compass
will correct itself after a few days
of operating your vehicle in normal
conditions. If the compass still
appears to be inaccurate, a manual
calibration may be necessary. Refer
to Compass calibration
adjustment.
Most geographic areas (zones)
have a magnetic north compass
point that varies slightly from the
northerly direction on maps. This
variation is four degrees between
adjacent zones and will become
noticeable as the vehicle crosses
multiple zones. A correct zone
setting will eliminate this error.
Refer to Compass zone
adjustment.
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in for your geographic
location by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
8
9
43
Controls and features
2. Locate the compass module
mounted at the base of the mirror.
3. Turn ignition to the ON position.
4. Insert an appropriate diameter
rod (paperclip) into the small hole
underneath the compass module
and gently press the switch for 1
to 2 seconds until ZONE and the
current zone setting is displayed
on the trip computer.
5. Release the switch, then slowly
press down again. Press the switch
repeatedly until the correct zone
setting for your geographic
location is displayed on the trip
computer.
6. To exit the zone setting mode,
release pressure from the switch
for greater than two seconds.
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an
open area free from steel
structures and high voltage lines.
For optimum calibration, turn off
all electrical accessories (heater/air
conditioning, wipers, etc.) and
make sure all vehicle doors are
shut.
1. Start the vehicle.
44
Controls and features
2. Locate the compass module
mounted on the base of the mirror.
3. Insert an appropriate diameter
rod (paperclip) into the switch
access hole underneath the
compass module.
4. Gently press the switch for 2 to
4 seconds until CAL and a
direction are displayed on the trip
computer. (To exit CAL mode
before performing a compass
adjustment, turn the ignition OFF.)
5. Release pressure from the
switch.
6. Slowly drive the vehicle in a
circle (less than 5 km/h [3 mph])
until the CAL indicator turns off.
This will take up to five circles to
complete calibration.
7. The compass is now calibrated.
Power quarter rear windows
(if equipped)
portion of the VENT
Press the
control to open the power rear
quarter windows.
portion of the VENT
Press the
control to close the power rear
quarter windows.
VENT
VENT
MODE
E/M
RESET
45
Controls and features
AUTOMATIC DIMMING INSIDE
REAR VIEW MIRROR
(IF EQUIPPED)
The electronic day/night mirror
will change from the normal state
to the non-glare state when bright
lights (glare) reach the mirror.
When the mirror detects bright
light from front or behind, it will
automatically adjust to minimize
glare.
Press the control to turn the
mirror on or off. The mirror will
automatically return to the normal
state whenever the vehicle is
placed in R (reverse)(when the
mirror is on) to ensure a bright
clear view when backing up.
Do not clean the housing or glass
of any mirror with harsh abrasives,
fuel or other petroleum-based
cleaning products.
On vehicles equipped with a
moonroof, the automatic rear view
mirror has two map lamps. Refer
to Interior lights for more
information.
46
AUTO
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches
to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO and release quickly.
The window will open fully.
Depress again to stop window
operation.
AUTO
47
Controls and features
Window lock
The window lock feature allows
only the driver to operate the
power windows.
WINDOW LOCK
Accessory delay
With accessory delay, the window
switches may be used for up to ten
minutes after the ignition switch is
turned to the OFF position or until
either door is opened.
POWER DOOR LOCKS
Press U to unlock all doors and L
to lock all doors.
U
Autolock
This feature automatically locks all
doors when:
• all vehicle doors, liftgate and
liftgate window are closed
• the ignition switch is in the ON
position
• you shift into or through R
(Reverse)
• the brake pedal is released.
48
L
Controls and features
Relock
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened and closed
• the brake pedal is released.
Deactivating/activating the
autolock feature
Before following the procedure,
make sure that the ignition is OFF
and all vehicle doors and the
liftgate window are closed.
You must complete steps 1-5
within 30 seconds or the
procedure will have to be
repeated. If the procedure needs
to be repeated, you must wait 30
seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock
control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON
to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock
control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON.
The horn will chirp.
6. Press the unlock control, then
press the lock control. The horn
will chirp once if autolock was
deactivated or twice (one short
and one long chirp) if autolock was
activated.
7. Turn the ignition to OFF. The
horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.
49
Controls and features
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the
lock. Move control down to
disengage childproof locks.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
MIRRORS
L
R
2. Move the control in the
direction you wish to tilt the
mirror.
MIRRORS
L
R
50
Controls and features
3. Return to the center position to
lock mirrors in place.
Heated outside mirrors
Both mirrors are heated
automatically to remove ice, mist
and fog when the rear window
defrost is activated.
Do not remove ice from the
mirrors with a scraper or attempt
to readjust the mirror glass if it is
frozen in place. These actions
could cause damage to the glass
and mirrors.
Signal mirrors (if equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with
signal mirrors, the word “signal” is
located at the top of the right and
left side view mirrors.
When the turn signal is activated,
the appropriate mirror will show a
blinking red arrow.
The arrow provides an additional
warning to other drivers that your
vehicle is about to turn. Driver and
passengers seated inside the
vehicle cannot see the arrow.
Signal
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with
a variety of console features. These
include:
• utility compartment
• cupholders
• coin holder slots
51
Controls and features
• tissue box holder
• compact disc changer
Use only soft cups in the
cupholder. Hard objects
can injure you in a collision.
The auxiliary power point is
located on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical
accessories into the cigarette
lighter. Use the powerpoint.
COMPACT DISC CHANGER
(IF EQUIPPED)
The compact disc changer is
located inside the front center
console.
For information on the compact
disc changer, refer to the “Audio
Guide”.
52
Controls and features
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR
MAT (IF EQUIPPED)
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of
the retention post and rotate
forward to lock in. Make sure that
the mat does not interfere with the
operation of the accelerator or the
brake pedal. To remove the floor
mat, reverse the installation
procedure.
LIFTGATE
To open the rear window, turn the
liftgate handle to the right.
To open the liftgate, turn the
liftgate handle to the left.
• Do not open the liftgate or
liftgate glass in a garage or
other enclosed area with a low
ceiling. If the liftgate glass is
raised and the liftgate is also
opened, both liftgate and glass
could be damaged against a low
ceiling.
• Do not leave the liftgate or
liftgate glass open while driving.
Doing so could cause serious
damage to the liftgate and its
components as well as allowing
carbon monoxide to enter the
vehicle.
DOOR
GLASS
53
Controls and features
Make sure that the liftgate
door and/or window are
closed to prevent exhaust fumes
from being drawn into the
vehicle. This will also prevent
passengers and cargo from falling
out. If you must drive with the
liftgate door or window open,
keep the vents open so outside
air comes into the vehicle.
SECURILOCKY ANTI-THEFT
SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with a
coded-key anti-theft system. Only
the correct key will be able to start
your vehicle. If your keys are lost
or stolen, you must take your
vehicle to a Ford/Lincoln-Mercury
dealership for re-programming.
Programming additional keys
If you need additional keys
electronically coded for your
vehicle, spares can be purchased
(a maximum of 16 keys can be
programmed). To program a new
key, perform the following
procedure:
1. With the coded key in the
ignition, turn the ignition from ON
to OFF.
2. Within 15 seconds of turning
ignition off, insert the new coded
key into the ignition and turn it
from OFF to ON or START. If
successful, the THEFT indicator
54
Controls and features
light will illuminate for two
seconds. Repeat procedure for all
new keys.
If key coding fails, the THEFT
indicator light will flash.
Coding failure can be caused by
any of the following:
• The new key was not inserted
into the ignition within 15
seconds.
• 16 keys have already been
programmed.
• The new key does not have an
electronic code.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM
The remote entry system allows
you to lock or unlock all vehicle
doors without a key.
The remote entry features only
operate with the ignition in the
OFF position.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver door. The interior lamps and
running board lamps (if equipped)
will illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
55
Controls and features
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The
doors will lock again, the horn will
chirp and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the
horn will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close all
doors.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition
to ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15
of the FCC rules and with RS-210
of Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may
not cause harmful interference,
and (2) This device must accept
any interference received,
including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not
expressly approved by the
party responsible for
compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate the
equipment.
56
Controls and features
Replacing the batteries
The transmitter is powered by one
coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical
operating range will allow you to
be up to 10 meters (33 feet) away
from your vehicle. A decrease in
operating range can be caused by:
• battery weakness due to time
and use
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to
the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the
two halves of the transmitter near
the key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of
new battery in the same
orientation. Refer to the diagram
inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
57
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer for reprogramming
if:
• a transmitter is lost or
• you want to purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed).
To reprogram the transmitters,
place the key in the ignition and
switch from OFF to ON eight times
in rapid succession within 10
seconds. After doors lock/unlock,
press any button on all
transmitters (up to four). When
completed, switch the ignition to
OFF.
All transmitters must be
programmed at the same time.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps and the running
board lights illuminate when the
remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the
personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off
after 25 seconds or when the
ignition is turned to the RUN
position. The dome lamp switch (if
equipped) must not be set to the
OFF position for the illuminated
entry system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off
if:
• they have been turned on with
the dimmer control or
58
Controls and features
• any door is open.
Battery saver will shut off the
interior lamps 40 minutes after the
last door is closed.
59
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Using the manual lumbar
support
Turn the lumbar support control
counterclockwise to increase
firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
clockwise to increase softness.
Front seats
Never adjust the driver’s
seat or seatback when the
vehicle is moving.
Do not pile cargo higher
than the seatbacks to
avoid injuring people in a
collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with
your seatback upright and
the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
60
Seating and safety restraints
Lift handle to move seat forward
or backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Using the armrest (if equipped)
Pull the strap to move the armrest
down.
To move the armrest up, lift it
until it latches in the upright
position.
Adjusting the front power seat
(if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s
seat or seatback when the
vehicle is moving.
61
Seating and safety restraints
Do not pile cargo higher
than the seatbacks to
avoid injuring people in a
collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with
your seatback upright and
the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
62
Seating and safety restraints
REAR SEATS
Head restraints
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
Rear folding bench seat
(if equipped)
Folding down the rear seats
Ensure that no objects such as
books, purses or briefcases are on
the floor in front of the second row
seats before folding them down.
Move front passenger seat forward
so that the second row seat head
rest clears the front seat.
For assistance, refer to the label
located on the lower position of
the opening.
1. Locate handle below the seat
cushion near the bottom of the
door side cushion (this handle is
marked “A”).
2. Lift the handle and push the
seatback toward the front of the
vehicle.
63
Seating and safety restraints
3. Press the green control on the
seatback to release the closeout
panel. Rotate the panel to closeout
the space in the floor.
4. Once the second row seats are
in the down position, the front
seats may be readjusted.
Returning the seat to upright
Always latch the vehicle
seat to the floor, whether
the seat is occupied or empty. If
not latched, the seat may cause
injury during a sudden stop.
1. Rotate the closeout panel onto
the seatback and press the black
control (adjacent to the green
control) to lock.
2. Locate and lift the handle
marked “A”.
3. Pull on the seatback while lifting
the handle to lift the seat into the
upright position.
64
Seating and safety restraints
Reclining the seatback
Locate the lever at the bottom of
the seatback marked “1”. Pull the
lever upwards to recline the
seatback.
Third row seat (if equipped)
The third row seat is equipped
with combination lap and shoulder
belts in the outboard seating
positions and a manual adjust
tongue lap belt in the center
seating position. For information
on the proper operation of the
safety restraints, refer to Safety
Restraints in this chapter.
The third row seat may be
removed from the vehicle for
additional cargo space.
65
Seating and safety restraints
Accessing the third row seat
Your vehicle is equipped with an
easy entry second row seat feature
which allows ready access to the
third row seat. You may enter the
third row seat:
• through the passenger side rear
door if your vehicle has a
second row bench seat
• through either rear door if your
vehicle has second row bucket
seats
Ensure that the second row seat is
in the upright position in order to
achieve optimum access to the
third row.
To minimize the risk of personal
injury, the third row seat should
not be left in the forward, stowed
position while the vehicle is in
motion. Please ensure that the seat
is in the upright, fully latched
position before putting the vehicle
in motion.
1. Locate the lever at the bottom
of the seatback marked “1”.
2. Press down on the front of lever
“1” while pressing the seatback
down onto the cushion.
3. Locate and lift the lever marked
“2” while rotating the seat toward
the front row seat.
4. After entering the seat, reverse
this procedure; ensure that the
latch tub and surrounding areas
are clear.
66
Seating and safety restraints
Removing the third row seat
From the rear of the vehicle, with
the liftgate open:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the floor by inserting a key or
small screwdriver through the hole
in the boot of the detachable
anchor. Then, press the release
button to separate the detachable
anchor from the anchor tongue.
2. Before removing the seat, be
sure that the detachable anchor
tongue is stowed flat into the
vehicle floor.
3. Use the black plastic clip
(located just above the detachable
anchor) to stow the loose seat
belt.
67
Seating and safety restraints
• Pull the seat release lever
located on the lower right side
of the seatback while pushing
the seatback down into the seat
cushion.
• The seatback will latch onto the
cushion.
4. Lift the seat release bar located
at the center of the seat near the
floor to release the floor latches.
5. While pulling up on the release
bar, lift the seat up and out of the
floor tubs.
6. With assistance, lift the seat out
of the vehicle.
Installing the third row seat
Always latch the vehicle
seat to the floor, whether
the seat is occupied or empty. If
not latched, the seat may cause
injury during a sudden stop.
When reinstalling a rear
seat in your vehicle it must
be placed in its original position.
Improper installation of the seat
will prevent correct use of the
safety belts and could increase
the risk of injury. Refer to the
warning label on the seat belt.
68
Seating and safety restraints
Before installing your third row
seat, ensure that the detachable
anchor tongues are stowed into the
floor and the loose belts are stored
out of the way. For proper
latching, ensure that the floor tubs
are clear of debris.
From the rear of the vehicle, with
the liftgate open:
1. With assistance, lift the seat into
the rear of the vehicle and guide
the seat positioners over the front
pins of the floor tubs.
2. Guide the positioners around
each pin and lower the seat.
• When the rear of the seat is
10–13 cm (4–5 in) above the
rear pins, let the seat drop. This
will ensure that the seat will
properly latch into the floor.
3. Locate the seat belt anchor
tongue in the plastic housing on
the floor.
4. Disconnect the detachable
anchor from its stowage location
and connect it to the anchor
tongue (making sure that the label
on the detachable anchor is
pointing toward the outside of the
vehicle (left side) and that the
belts are not twisted or jammed).
5. Insert the seat detachable
anchor into detachable anchor
tongue until you hear a “click” and
feel the latch engage.
6. Push up on the seat to verify
that it is latched into the floor.
69
Seating and safety restraints
7. Verify that the safety belts can
move freely on either side of the
seat.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with
your seatback upright and
the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
To prevent the risk of
injury, make sure children
sit where they can be properly
restrained.
Never let a passenger hold
a child on his or her lap
while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the
child from injury in a collision.
All occupants of the
vehicle, including the
driver, should always wear their
safety belts.
70
Seating and safety restraints
It is extremely dangerous
to ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In
a collision, people riding in these
areas are more likely to be
seriously injured or killed. Do not
allow people to ride in any area
of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure everyone in your
vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in
your vehicle has a specific
safety belt assembly which is
made up of one buckle and one
tongue that are designed to be
used as a pair. 1) Use the
shoulder belt on the outside
shoulder only. Never wear the
shoulder belt under the arm. 2)
Never swing it around your neck
over the inside shoulder. 3)
Never use a single belt for more
than one person.
Combination lap and shoulder
belts
1. To fasten, insert the tongue into
the slot in the buckle.
71
Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push the red
release button and remove the
tongue from the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety
restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder
belts. The front and rear seat
passenger outboard safety belts
have two types of locking modes
described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the
normal retractor mode, allowing
free shoulder belt length
adjustment to your movements and
locking in response to vehicle
movement. For example, if the
driver brakes suddenly or turns a
corner sharply, or the vehicle
receives an impact of 8 km/h
(5 mph) or more, the combination
safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the
driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is
automatically pre-locked. The belt
will still retract to remove any
slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not
available on the driver safety belt.
72
Seating and safety restraints
When to use the automatic
locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is
desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is
installed in the vehicle. Refer to
Safety Restraints for Children
or Safety Seats for Children
later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic
locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the
belt retracts, you will hear a
73
Seating and safety restraints
clicking sound. This indicates
the safety belt is now in the
automatic locking mode.
How to disengage the automatic
locking mode
Disconnect the combination
lap/shoulder belt and allow it to
retract completely to disengage the
automatic locking mode and
activate the vehicle sensitive
(emergency) locking mode.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust
automatically. Adjust to fit snugly
and as low as possible around your
hips. Do not wear the lap belt
around your waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle. To lengthen the belt, turn
the tongue at a right angle to the
belt and pull across your lap until
it reaches the buckle. To tighten
the belt, pull the loose end of the
belt through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
74
Seating and safety restraints
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Front and second row safety
belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver, front
passenger and second row
passengers. Adjust the height of
the shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the
height control down. To raise the
height of the shoulder belt, slide
the height adjuster up. Pull down
on the height adjustment assembly
to make sure it is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt
height adjuster so that the
belt rests across the middle of
your shoulder. Failure to adjust
the safety belt properly could
reduce the effectiveness of the
safety belt and increase the risk
of injury in a collision.
75
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too
short, even when fully extended,
20 cm (8 inches) can be added to
the safety belt assembly by adding
a safety belt extension assembly
(part number 611C22). Safety belt
extension assemblies can be
obtained from your dealer at no
cost.
Use only extensions manufactured
by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is
located at the end of the webbing
on the label. Also, use the safety
belt extension only if the safety
belt is too short for you when fully
extended. Do not use extensions
to change the fit of the shoulder
belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and
indicator chime
The seat belt warning light
illuminates in the instrument
cluster and a chime sounds to
remind the occupants to fasten
their safety belts.
76
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition key
is turned to ON...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes and
the warning chime sounds for four to
eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light turns off.
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled while the indicator
light is illuminated and the
warning chime is sounding...
The safety belt warning light remains
The driver’s safety belt is
buckled before the ignition key off.
is turned to ON...
Safety belt maintenance
Check the safety belt systems
periodically to make sure they
work properly and are not
damaged. Check the safety belts to
make sure there are no nicks,
wears or cuts. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors,
buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies (slide bar)(if
equipped), shoulder belt height
adjusters (if equipped), child
safety seat tether bracket
assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be
inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt
assemblies used in vehicles
involved in a collision be replaced.
However, if the collision was minor
and a qualified technician finds
that the belts do not show damage
and continue to operate properly,
they do not need to be replaced.
77
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt assemblies not in use
during a collision should also be
inspected and replaced if either
damage or improper operation is
noted.
Failure to replace the
safety belt assembly under
the above conditions could result
in severe personal injuries in the
event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and
maintaining the safety belts in
the Maintenance and care
section.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL
RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
LOW
FUEL
H
40
F
E
18
8
H
10
50
60
80
100
70
3
60
30
20
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
40
000000
120
80
140
90
20
160
MPH
0
0
P R N
0
km/h
21
2
THEFT
4
VOL - PUSH ON
5
1
CHECK
SUSP
100
ABS
FM1
AM
FM
IVE
RDR
OVE
6
RPMx1000
BASS
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE AUTO
SET
CHECK
ENGINE
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
EJ
w
f
DOLBY B NR
DISCS
REW
FF
1
P
PULL
FOR
FOG
PANEL
DIM
SIDE 1-2
2
COMP
3
4
SHUFFLE
6
RES
ON
LO
FAN
SET
ACCEL
4H
4L
LO
FLOOR
PANEL
A4WD
PANEL
AC
HI
OFF
COAST
SRS
78
5
TAPE CD
MAX
AC
HI
COOL
WARM
OFF
OFF
PANEL&&
PANEL
FLOOR
FLOOR
FLOOR
FLR&
DEF
FLR&
DEF
DEF
Seating and safety restraints
Important supplemental
restraint system (SRS)
precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to:
• work with the safety belt to
protect the driver and right
front passenger
• reduce certain upper body
injuries
Failure to follow these
instructions will affect the
performance of the safety belts
and increase the risk of personal
injury.
The right front passenger
air bag is not designed to
restrain occupants in the center
front seating position.
All occupants of the
vehicle including the driver
should always wear their safety
belts even when air bag SRS is
provided.
79
Seating and safety restraints
Do not place objects or
mount equipment on or
near the air bag cover on the
steering wheel or in front seat
areas that may come into contact
with a deploying air bag. Failure
to follow this instruction may
increase the risk of personal
injury in the event of a collision.
Do not attempt to service,
repair, or modify the Air
Bag Supplemental Restraint
System or its fuses. See your
Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information
on safety restraints in this guide.
Children should always wear their
safety belts. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk
of injury in a collision.
Air bag can kill or injure a
child in a child seat. If you
must use a forward-facing child
seat in the front seat, move seat
all the way back.
80
Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag
supplemental restraint system
work?
The SRS is designed to activate
when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation.
After air bag deployment, it is
normal to notice a smoke-like,
powdery residue or smell the burnt
propellant. This may consist of
cornstarch, talcum powder (to
lubricate the bag) or sodium
compounds (e.g., baking soda) that
result from the combustion process
that inflates the air bag. Small
amounts of sodium hydroxide may
be present which may irritate the
skin and eyes, but none of the
residue is toxic.
Several air bag system
components get hot after
inflation. Do not touch them
after inflation.
81
Seating and safety restraints
If the air bag is inflated,
the air bag will not
function again and must be
replaced immediately. If the
air bag is not replaced, the
unrepaired area will increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag
modules (which include the
inflators and air bags),
• one or more impact and safing
sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which
connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its
own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical
system warning (including the
impact sensors), the system wiring,
the air bag system readiness light,
the air bag back up power and the
air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is
operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in
the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the
system. Refer to the Air bag
readiness section in the
Instrumentation chapter. Routine
maintenance of the air bag is not
required.
82
Seating and safety restraints
A difficulty with the system is
indicated by one or more of the
following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be
heard. The tone pattern will
repeat periodically until the
problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even
intermittently, have the SRS
serviced at your dealership or by a
qualified technician immediately.
Unless serviced, the system may
not function properly in the event
of a collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag
equipped vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag
equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician.
Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR
CHILDREN
Important child restraint
precautions
You are required by law to use
safety restraints for children in the
U.S. and Canada. If small children
ride in your vehicle (generally
children who are four years old or
83
Seating and safety restraints
younger and who weigh 18 kg
[40 lbs] or less), you must put
them in safety seats made
especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws
for specific requirements regarding
the safety of children in your
vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold
a child on his or her lap
while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the
child from injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and
warnings that come with any infant
or child restraint you might use.
When possible, place children in
the rear seat of your vehicle.
Accident statistics suggest that
children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating
positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
Children who are too large for
child safety seats (as specified by
your child safety seat
manufacturer) should always wear
safety belts.
Follow all the important safety
restraint and air bag precautions
that apply to adult passengers in
your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a
combination lap and shoulder belt
can be positioned so it does not
cross or rest in front of the child’s
84
Seating and safety restraints
face or neck, the child should wear
the lap and shoulder belt. Moving
the child closer to the center of
the vehicle may help provide a
good shoulder belt fit.
If the shoulder belt cannot be
properly positioned:
• move the child to one of the
seats with a lap belt only (if
equipped)
OR
• if the child is the proper size,
restrain the child in a safety
seat.
Do not leave children,
unreliable adults, or pets
unattended in your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and
shoulder belts on children who
have outgrown child safety seats,
Ford recommends use of a
belt-positioning booster seat that is
labelled as conforming to all
Federal motor vehicle safety
standards. Belt-positioning booster
seats raise the child and provide a
shorter, firmer seating cushion that
encourages safer seating posture
and better fit of lap and shoulder
belts on the child. A
belt-positioning booster should be
used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or
if the lap belt does not fit snugly
on both thighs, or if the thighs are
too short to let the child sit all the
way back on the seat cushion
when the lower legs hang over the
85
Seating and safety restraints
edge of the seat cushion. You may
wish to discuss the special needs
of your child with your
pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety
seats
Use a safety seat that is
recommended for the size and
weight of the child. Carefully
follow all of the manufacturer’s
instructions with the safety seat
you put in your vehicle. If you do
not install and use the safety seat
properly, the child may be injured
in a sudden stop or collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Use the correct safety belt
buckle for that seating position.
• Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent
accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright
position.
• Put the safety belt in the
automatic locking mode. Refer
to Automatic locking mode.
Ford recommends the use of a
child safety seat having a top
tether strap. Install the child safety
seat in a seating position which is
86
Seating and safety restraints
capable of providing a tether
anchorage. For more information
on top tether straps, refer to
Attaching safety seats with tether
straps.
Carefully follow all of the
manufacturer’s instructions
included with the safety seat you
put in your vehicle. If you do not
install and use the safety seat
properly, the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
Installing child safety seats in
combination lap and shoulder
belt seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in
a seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Air bag can kill or injure a
child in a child seat. If you
must use a forward-facing child
seat in the front seat, move seat
all the way back.
87
Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route
the tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be
sure the belt webbing is not
twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle for that seating
position until you hear and feel the
latch engage. Make sure the
tongue is latched securely by
pulling on it.
88
Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and
pull downward until all of the belt
is extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The
belt will click as it retracts to
indicate it is in the automatic
locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle
and pull up on the shoulder belt
while pushing down with knee on
the child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract
to remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the
retractor to make sure the
retractor is in the automatic
locking mode (you should not be
89
Seating and safety restraints
able to pull more belt out). If the
retractor is not locked, unbuckle
the belt and repeat steps two
through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat
is properly secured before each
use.
Attaching safety seats with
tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety
seats that include a tether strap
that goes over the back of the
vehicle seat and attaches to an
anchoring point. Other
manufacturers offer the tether
strap as an accessory. Contact the
manufacturer of your child safety
seat for information about ordering
a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
A tethered seat can be installed in
the front seat. Put the tether strap
over the seatback and attach it to
an anchor bracket.
An anchor bracket can be installed
on the rear edge of the front seat
cushion.
The provision (attaching hole) is
provided in the rear edge of the
front passenger seat cushion
frame. The anchor bracket must be
installed using the instructions
provided with the kit.
Tether anchorage hardware kits
(part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no
charge from any Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
90
Seating and safety restraints
Tether anchor brackets may also
be installed to the floor behind the
second row seats.
Tighten the anchor
according to specifications.
Otherwise, the safety seat may
not be properly secured and the
child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
91
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR
VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the
spark ignition system. This system
meets all Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment
standard requirements regulating
the impulse electrical field strength
of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected
engine, avoid pressing the
accelerator before or during
starting. Only use the accelerator
when you have difficulty starting
the engine. For more information
on starting the vehicle, refer to
Starting the engine in this
chapter.
Extended idling at high
engine speeds can produce
very high temperatures in the
engine and exhaust system,
creating the risk of fire or other
damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive
your vehicle in dry grass
or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the
engine compartment and exhaust
system, which can start a fire.
92
Starting
Do not start your vehicle
in a closed garage or in
other enclosed areas. Exhaust
fumes can be toxic. Always open
the garage door before you start
the engine. See Guarding
against exhaust fumes in this
chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes
inside your vehicle, have
your dealer inspect your vehicle
immediately. Do not drive if you
smell exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the
engine’s idle revolutions per
minute (RPM). When the engine
starts, the idle RPM runs faster to
warm the engine. If the engine idle
speed does not slow down
automatically, have the vehicle
checked. Do not allow the vehicle
to idle for more than ten minutes.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants
have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts
and their proper usage, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and
vehicle accessories are off.
93
Starting
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
HOOD
BRAKE
• Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
94
Starting
LOW
FUEL
F
H
E
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
!
20
L
H
- +
40
60
30
18
C
8
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
3
70
80
140
THEFT
90
1
100
0
20 km/h
4
2
120
P RN
D
LOW
WASH
ABS
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
CHECK
SUSP
5
FUEL DOOR
21
6
RPM X1000
CHECK
ENGINE
A4WD
LOW
RANGE
FUEL
RESET
4X4
Make sure the corresponding lights
illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle
serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is
) will not
fastened, the light (
illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return
to 4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the engine does not start
within five seconds, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the engine does not start in
two attempts OR if the
temperature is below -12°C (10°F),
depress the accelerator and start
the engine while holding the
accelerator down. Release the
95
Starting
accelerator when the engine starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds,
apply the brake and release the
parking brake.
Using the engine block heater
(if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the
engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine
faster and allows the
heater-defroster system to respond
quickly. They are strongly
recommended if you live in a
region where temperatures reach
-23°C (-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in
at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for
longer than three hours will not
harm the engine, so the heater can
be plugged in the night before
starting the vehicle.
To prevent electrical
shock, do not use your
heater with ungrounded
electrical systems or
two-pronged (cheater) adapters.
Guarding against exhaust
fumes
Although odorless and colorless,
carbon monoxide is present in
exhaust fumes. Take precautions
to avoid its dangerous effects.
96
Starting
If you ever smell exhaust
fumes of any kind inside
your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect and fix your vehicle
immediately. Do not drive if you
smell exhaust fumes. These
fumes are harmful and could kill
you.
Have the exhaust and body
ventilation systems checked
whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service
• the sound of the exhaust system
changes
• the vehicle has been damaged in
a collision
Important ventilating
information
If the engine is idling while the
vehicle is stopped in an open area
for long periods of time, open the
windows at least 2.5 cm (one
inch).
Adjust the heating or air
conditioning (if equipped) to bring
in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
97
Driving
BRAKES
Your brakes are self-adjusting.
Refer to the “Service Guide” for
scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal
and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the
vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake
systems may emit occasional or
intermittent squeal or groan noises
when the brakes are applied. Such
noises are usually heard during the
first few brake applications in the
morning; however, they may be
heard at any time while braking
and can be aggravated by
environmental conditions such as
cold, heat, moisture, road dust, salt
or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,”
“continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is
present while braking, the brake
linings may be worn-out and
should be inspected by a qualified
service technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
On vehicles equipped with an
anti-lock braking system (ABS), a
noise from the hydraulic pump
motor and pulsation in the pedal
may be observed during ABS
braking events. Pedal pulsation
coupled with noise while braking
under panic conditions or on loose
gravel, bumps, wet or snowy roads
is normal and indicates proper
functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the
vehicle has continuous vibration or
98
Driving
shudder while braking, felt mainly
in the steering wheel, the vehicle
most likely needs service.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lock up during
brake applications and
compensating for this tendency.
The front wheels are prevented
from locking even when the brakes
are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates for
about five seconds when starting
the vehicle. If an ABS fault is
detected, the light will remain on
and your vehicle should be
serviced as soon as possible.
Normal braking is still effective
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
also illuminated.
BRAKE
!
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when
maximum efficiency from the
ABS is required, apply
continuous full force on the
brake. The ABS will be activated
immediately, thus allowing you
to retain full steering control of
your vehicle and, providing
99
Driving
there is sufficient space, will
enable you to avoid obstacles
and bring the vehicle to a
controlled stop.
• We recommend that you
familiarize yourself with this
braking technique. However,
avoid taking any unnecessary
risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
Always set the parking
brake fully and make sure
that the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park).
100
HOOD
BRAKE
BRAKE
!
Driving
The parking brake is not designed
to stop a moving vehicle. However,
if the normal brakes fail, the
parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency.
Since the parking brake applies
only the rear brakes, the vehicle’s
stopping distance will be adversely
affected.
Pull the release lever to release
the brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
HOOD
BRAKE
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with
power steering. Power steering
uses energy from the engine to
help steer the vehicle.
Never hold the steering wheel to
the extreme right or the extreme
left for more than a few seconds
when the engine is running. This
action could damage the power
steering pump.
Speed sensitive steering
The steering in your vehicle is
speed sensitive. At high speeds,
101
Driving
steering assist will decrease to
improve steering feel. At lower
speeds, maneuverability will be
increased.
If the amount of effort required to
steer your vehicle changes at a
constant vehicle speed, have the
power steering system checked by
your dealer or a qualified service
technician.
AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM
(IF EQUIPPED)
The air suspension system is
designed to improve ride, handling
and general vehicle performance
for static, on and off-road driving
conditions.
• The load leveling feature of the
air suspension automatically
keeps the vehicle at a constant
level if a load is added or
removed from the vehicle.
• The height adjustment feature
automatically controls the
vehicle height over a range of
approximately 5 cm (2 inches)
based on vehicle speed, ignition
position and selection of two or
four-wheel drive modes.
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Driving
The air suspension shut-off switch
is located behind an access panel
underneath the passenger side
instrument panel.
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior
to jacking, hoisting or towing
your vehicle.
OFF
Normal vehicle operation does not
require any action by the driver.
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF
EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction
on slippery surfaces, particularly
when one wheel is on a poor
traction surface. Under normal
conditions, the Traction-Lok axle
functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the
manufacturer’s specified size tires
on a Traction-Lok rear axle could
result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of
effectiveness does not affect
normal driving and should not be
noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run
the engine with one wheel
off the ground, such as when
changing a tire.
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Driving
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Automatic transmission
operation
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a
brake-shift interlock feature that
prevents the gearshift from being
moved from P (Park) unless the
brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift
out of P (Park) with the brake
pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn
ignition key to LOCK, then remove
the key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to
OFF. Apply the brake pedal and
shift to N (Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above
procedure to move the gearshift, it
is possible that a fuse has blown
and the vehicle’s brakelamps may
not be operating properly. Refer to
Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle
until you verify that the
brakelamps are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud
or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse
gears in a steady pattern. Press
lightly on the accelerator in each
gear.
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Driving
Do not rock the vehicle for
more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be
damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking
brake fully and make sure
the gearshift is latched in P
(Park). Turn off the ignition
whenever you leave your vehicle.
Driving with a 4–speed
automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift
positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards
you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down
while you move the
gearshift lever from position to
position. If you do not hold the
brake pedal down, your vehicle
may move unexpectedly and
injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park).
105
Driving
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the
gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on
the end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
Drive – Not shown on the display.
Activate by pressing the
transmission control switch on the
end of the gearshift lever with the
position. The
gearshift in the
TCIL (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the gearshift lever.
Transmission operates in gears one
(Drive) provides
through three.
106
OVERDRIVE OFF
OVERDRIVE
Driving
more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load
• towing a trailer up or down
steep hills
• additional engine downhill
braking is desired. If towing a
trailer, refer to Driving while
you tow in the Towing a trailer
chapter.
To return to
(Overdrive) mode,
press the transmission control
switch. The TCIL (the word OFF)
will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started,
the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off
and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to
cancel overdrive operation if
driving in overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the
transmission to shift to a lower
107
Driving
gear, and will shift to 1 (Low) after
vehicle decelerates to the proper
speed.
CONTROL-TRAC AUTOMATIC
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE SYSTEM
(IF EQUIPPED)
Your 4x4 features a heavy-duty
Control-Trac system, including a
computer-operated transfer case.
Coupled with a
center-disconnected front axle, this
unique system is interactive with
the road, continually monitoring
and adjusting torque delivery to
the front and rear wheels to
optimize vehicle control.
Positions of the Control-Trac
system
The Control-Trac A4WD system
functions in four modes:
• 2H position delivers power only
to the rear axle.
• A4WD position delivers power
to the rear axle. If the rear
wheels lose traction, power will
be automatically delivered to the
front axle to maintain traction
throughout the slippery
condition.
• 4H position provides
mechanically locked four-wheel
drive power delivery to front
and rear axles.
• 4L position provides
mechanically locked four-wheel
108
A4WD
2H
4H
4L
Driving
drive when above average power
at reduced speeds is required.
Utility and four-wheel
drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds
as high as passenger cars any
more than low-slung sports cars
are designed to perform
satisfactorily under off-road
conditions. Avoid sharp turns or
abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
Using the Control-Trac system
Shifting to A4WD
Move the 4WD control to A4WD at
a stop or at speeds up to 88 km/h
(55 mph).
• At temperatures below 0°C
(32°F), shifts from 2H to A4WD
or 4H should not be performed
above 72 km/h (45 mph).
• Do not shift into A4WD when
only the rear wheels are
spinning.
A4WD
4H
4L
2H
Shifting to 2H
Move the 4WD control to 2H at
any forward speed.
A4WD
2H
4H
4L
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Driving
Shifting from 4H to 4L (and 4L
to 4H)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N
(Neutral).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4H
(or 4L) position.
A4WD
4H
4L
2H
Shifting from A4WD to 4H
Move the 4WD control from A4WD
to 4H at any forward speed.
Shifting from 2H to 4H can be
done at speeds up to 88 km
(55 mph).
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped
for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating
characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional
vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at
all times, especially in rough
terrain. Since sudden changes in
terrain can result in abrupt
steering wheel motion, make sure
you grip the steering wheel from
110
A4WD
2H
4H
4L
Driving
the outside. Do not grip the
spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle
damage from concealed objects
such as rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain
or examine maps of the area
before driving. Map out your route
before driving in the area. For
more information on driving
off-road, read the “Four Wheeling”
supplement in your owner’s
portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck, shift the
transmission in a steady motion
between forward and reverse
gears. Allow the transmission to
engage, then press lightly on the
accelerator.
Do not rock the vehicle for
more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be
damaged or the engine can
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at
over 56 km/h (35 mph).
The tires may fail and injure a
passenger or bystander.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to
keep all four wheels on the most
solid area of the trail. Do not
reduce the tire pressures but shift
to a lower gear and drive steadily
through the terrain. Apply the
111
Driving
accelerator slowly and avoid
spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high
water, drive slowly. Traction or
brake capability may be limited.
When driving through water,
determine the depth; avoid water
higher than the bottom of the hubs
(if possible) and proceed slowly. If
the ignition system gets wet, the
vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the
brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes.
Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying
light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean
off residue stuck to rotating
driveshafts and tires. Excess mud
stuck on tires and rotating
driveshafts causes an imbalance
that could damage drive
components.
If the transmission and transfer
case are submerged in water, their
fluids should be checked and
changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the
transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the rear axle is submerged in
water, the rear axle lubricant
should be checked and changed, if
necessary. The rear axle is filled
with a synthetic lubricant and does
not normally require a lubricant
112
Driving
change for the life of the vehicle.
Rear axle lubricant quantities
should not need to be checked
unless a leak is suspected.
Driving on hilly or sloping
terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid
driving crosswise or turning on
steep slopes. You could lose
traction and slip sideways. Drive
straight up, straight down or avoid
the hill completely. Know the
conditions on the other side of a
hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in
a lower gear rather than
downshifting to a lower gear from
a higher gear once the ascent has
started. This reduces strain on the
engine and the possibility of
stalling.
When descending a steep hill,
avoid sudden braking. Rapid
pumping of the brake pedal will
help slow the vehicle and still
maintain steering control.
When speed control is on and you
are driving uphill, your vehicle
speed may drop considerably,
especially if you are carrying a
heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than
16 km/h (10 mph), the speed
control will cancel automatically.
Resume speed with accelerator
pedal.
If speed control cancels after
climbing the hill, reset speed by
pressing and holding the SET
113
Driving
ACCEL button (to resume speeds
over 50 km/h (30 mph).
Automatic transmission may shift
frequently while driving up steep
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting
by shifting out of
(Overdrive)
into D (Drive).
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages
over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice
but can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of
power and quick changes of
direction on snow and ice. Apply
the accelerator slowly and steadily
when starting from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as
you normally would. In order to
allow the anti-lock brake system
(ABS) to operate properly, keep
steady pressure on the brake
pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and
drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through
standing water, especially if the
depth is unknown. Traction or
brake capability may be limited
and if the ignition system gets wet,
your engine may stall. Water may
also enter your engine’s air intake
and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing
water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water
that is higher than the bottom of
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Driving
the hubs (truck)/wheel rims (car).
Once through the water, always try
the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry
brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while
applying light pressure on the
brake pedal.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize
yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of
the vehicle including any
standard equipment, fluids,
lubricants, etc. It does not
include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum
allowable weight of cargo,
passengers and optional
equipment. The payload equals
the gross vehicle weight rating
minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight):
Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit
or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight
Rating): Maximum total weight
of the base vehicle, passengers,
optional equipment and cargo.
The GVWR is specific to each
vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the
driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight
Rating): Carrying capacity for
each axle system. The GAWR is
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Driving
specific to each vehicle and is
listed on the Safety Compliance
Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined
Weight Rating): Maximum
combined weight of towing
vehicle (including passengers
and cargo) and the trailer. The
GCWR indicates the maximum
loaded weight that the vehicle is
allowed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight
Rating: Maximum weight of a
trailer the vehicle is permitted
to tow. The maximum trailer
weight rating equals the vehicle
curb weight for each
engine/transmission
combination, any required
option weight for trailer towing
and the weight of the driver
from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight:
maximum weight of a trailer the
loaded vehicle (including
passengers and cargo) is
permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the
weight of the loaded trailer
towing vehicle from the GCWR
for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range:
Specified weight range that the
trailer must fall within that
ranges from zero to the
maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue
load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
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Driving
Do not exceed the GVWR
or the GAWR specified on
the Safety Compliance
Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with
lower weight capacities than the
originals because they may lower
the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with
a higher weight limit than the
originals do not increase the
GVWR and GAWR limitations.
Calculating the load your
vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the Safety Compliance
Certification Label to find the axle
code number and engine type for
your vehicle.
2. Use the appropriate maximum
gross combined weight rating
(GCWR) chart to find the
maximum GCWR for your type
engine and rear axle ratio.
3. Weigh your vehicle as you
customarily operate the vehicle
without cargo. To obtain correct
weights, try taking your vehicle to
a shipping company or an
inspection station for trucks.
4. Subtract your loaded vehicle
weight from the maximum GCWR
on the following charts. This is the
maximum trailer weight your
vehicle can tow and must fall
below the maximum shown under
maximum trailer weight on the
chart.
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Driving
Trailer towing with your vehicle
may require the use of a trailer
tow option package.
Trailer towing puts additional loads
on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires,
and suspension. For your safety
and to maximize vehicle
performance, be sure to use the
proper equipment while towing.
Follow these guidelines to ensure
safe towing procedure:
• Stay within your vehicle’s load
limits. If exceeded, cargo should
be removed from the trailer
and/or the vehicle until all
weights are within specified
limits.
• Thoroughly prepare your vehicle
for towing. Refer to Preparing
to tow in this chapter.
• Use extra caution when driving
while trailer towing. Refer to
Driving while you tow in this
chapter.
• Service your vehicle more
frequently if you tow a trailer.
Refer to the severe duty
schedule in the “Service Guide”.
• Do not tow a trailer until your
vehicle has been driven at least
800 km (500 miles).
• Refer to the instructions
included with towing accessories
for the proper installation and
adjustment specifications.
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Driving
If your vehicle is equipped with
the optional heavy duty trailer tow
wiring, it is pre-wired for trailer
towing. An electrical connector is
provided under the instrument
panel for installing a
customer-supplied electric brake
controller. Another electrical
connector is provided at the hitch.
This connector provides power to
the trailer for taillamps, stop and
turn lamps, back up lamps, battery
charge, electric brakes (when a
customer provided controller is
installed) and ground. The kit
included with your vehicle
provides you with adaptors to
attach the brake controller and
convert the hitch connector for
Class I trailer usage.
Trailer towing table (with heavy
duty trailer tow option)
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight
Rating)/trailer weights
Engine
Rear
axle
ratio
Tire size
Maximum
GCWR
Trailer weight
range
(0 - maximum)
4x2
4.6L
3.31
5.4L
3.31
5.4L
3.73
40.6 cm
(16 in)
40.6 cm
(16 in)
40.6 cm
(16 in)
4
(11
5
(12
6
(13
990
000
443
000
123
500
kg
lbs.)
kg
lbs.)
kg
lbs.)
0-2676 kg
(0-5 900 lbs.)
0-3 039 kg
(0-6 700 lbs.)
0-3 628 kg
(0-8 000 lbs.)
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Driving
Engine
Rear
axle
ratio
Tire size
Maximum
GCWR
Trailer weight
range
(0 - maximum)
4x4
40.6 cm
5 216 kg
0-2 766 kg
(16 in)
(11 500 lbs.)
(0-6 100 lbs.)
43.2 cm
4 990 kg
0-2 494 kg
4.6L
3.55
(17 in)
(11 000 lbs.)
(5 500 lbs.)
40.6 cm
5 443 kg
0-2 902 kg
5.4L
3.31
(16 in)
(12 000 lbs.)
(0-6 400 lbs.)
40.6 cm
6 123 kg
0-3 556 kg
5.4L
3.73
(16 in)
(13 500 lbs.)
(0-7 900 lbs.)
43.2 cm
5 897 kg
0-3 556 kg
5.4L
3.73
(17 in)
(13 000 lbs.)
(0-7 400 lbs.)
Maximum frontal area of trailer is 5.6 square meters (60 square feet)
4.6L
3.55
Do not exceed the maximum loads
listed on the Safety Compliance
Certification label. For load
specification terms found on the
label, refer to Vehicle loading in
this chapter. Remember to figure
in the tongue load of your loaded
trailer when figuring the total
weight.
Towing trailers beyond the
maximum recommended
gross trailer weight exceeds the
limit of the vehicle and could
result in engine damage,
transmission damage, structural
damage, loss of control and
personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for
towing a trailer, and make sure it
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Driving
is properly attached to your
vehicle. See your dealer or a
reliable trailer dealer if you require
assistance.
If your vehicle is not equipped
with the factory heavy duty trailer
tow option, auxiliary coolers are
recommended for the automatic
transmission system if you are
planning on:
• traveling farther than 80 km
(50 miles)
• towing in hilly terrain
• towing frequently
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto
the vehicle’s bumper or attach to
the axle. You must distribute the
load in your trailer so that 10 to
15% of the total weight of the
trailer is on the tongue.
Load equalizing hitch
When hooking up a trailer using a
load equalizing hitch, always use
the following procedure:
1. Park the unloaded vehicle on a
level surface. With the ignition on
and all doors closed, allow the
vehicle to stand for several
minutes so that it can level.
2. Turn the air suspension (if
equipped) control to OFF.
3. Measure the height of a
reference point on the front and
rear bumpers at the center of the
vehicle.
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Driving
4. Attach the trailer to the vehicle
and adjust the hitch equalizers so
that the front bumper height is
within 0–13 mm (0.5 in) of the
reference point. After proper
adjustment, the rear bumper
should be no higher than in Step 3.
5. Turn the air suspension (if
equipped) control to ON.
Adjusting an equalizing
hitch so the rear bumper
of the vehicle is lower or higher
than it was unloaded will defeat
the function of the load
equalizing hitch and may cause
unpredictable handling.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety
chains to the vehicle. To connect
the trailer’s safety chains, cross the
chains under the trailer tongue and
allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow
the instructions that the rental
agency gives to you.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual,
automatic or surge-type brakes are
safe if installed properly and
adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes
must meet local and Federal
regulations.
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Driving
Do not connect a trailer’s
hydraulic brake system
directly to your vehicle’s brake
system. Your vehicle may not
have enough braking power and
your chances of having a
collision greatly increase.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most
towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and
Federal regulations. See your
dealer or trailer rental agency for
proper instructions and equipment
for hooking up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper
The rear bumper is equipped with
an integral hitch and requires only
a ball with a 25.4 mm (one inch)
shank diameter. The bumper has a
1 814 kg (4 000 lb.) trailer weight
and 181 kg (400 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
Use a frame-mounted weight
distributing hitch for trailers over
1814 kg (4 000 lb).
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h
(55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you
are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use D (Drive) or a lower gear
when towing up or down steep
hills. This will eliminate
excessive downshifting and
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Driving
upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission
cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake
gradually.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long
distances, your vehicle will require
more frequent service intervals.
Refer to the Severe Duty Schedule
in your “Service Guide” for more
information.
Towing behind another vehicle
Do not tow your vehicle behind
another vehicle, such as an RV.
Your vehicle cannot be flat towed
with all wheels on the ground.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and
backing up in an area before
starting on a trip to get the feel
of the vehicle trailer
combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer
wheels will clear curbs and
other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for
stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should
be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km
(50 miles), thoroughly check
your hitch, electrical
connections and trailer wheel
lug nuts.
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Driving
• When stopped in traffic for long
periods of time in hot weather,
place the gearshift in P (Park)
and increase idle speed. This
aids engine cooling and air
conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not
be parked on a grade. If you
must park on a grade, place
wheel chocks under the trailer’s
wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during
boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water
level to rise above the bottom
edge of the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break
higher than 15 cm (six inches)
above the bottom edge of the
rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow
water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting
driveability, emissions and
reliability.
If the rear axle is submerged in
water, the rear axle lubricant
should be checked and changed, if
necessary. The rear axle is filled
with a synthetic lubricant and does
not normally require a lubricant
change for the life of the vehicle.
Rear axle lubricant quantities
should not need to be checked
unless a leak is suspected.
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Driving
LUGGAGE RACK
Load luggage at the front crossbar
and adjust the rear crossbar as
necessary.
• Do not exceed 90.7 kg (200 lb)
of luggage if the weight is
placed directly on the crossbars.
• Do not exceed 68 kg (150 lb) if
the weight is resting directly on
the roof.
To adjust the luggage rack, loosen
the adjusting levers by pushing
them toward the front of the
vehicle, then slide the crossbar
forward and lock the adjusting
levers by pulling them toward the
back of the vehicle.
FUEL CONSUMPTION
Fuel economy can be improved by
avoiding:
• lack of regular, scheduled
maintenance
• excessive speed
• rapid acceleration
• extended idle
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Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn
traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The
hazard flashers can be operated
when the ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn
the flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
If the engine cranks but does not
start after a collision, the fuel
pump shut-off switch may have
been activated. The “Fuel Reset”
indicator light will illuminate in the
instrument cluster. The shut-off
switch is a device intended to stop
the electric fuel pump when your
vehicle has been involved in a
substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the
OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset
the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the button on the
switch.
4. Turn the ignition switch to the
ON position. Pause for a few
127
Roadside emergencies
seconds and return the key to the
OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks
in the fuel system.
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot
well, behind the kick panel.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse
may have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any
electrical components.
128
15
15
Roadside emergencies
Always replace a fuse with
one that has the specified
amperage rating. Using a fuse
with a higher amperage rating
can cause severe wire damage
and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating
and color
Fuse rating
5 amp
7.5 amp
10 amp
15 amp
20 amp
20 amp fuse link
25 amp
30 amp
30 amp fuse link
40 amp fuse link
50 amp fuse link
60 amp fuse link
80 amp fuse link
100 amp fuse link
Color
Tan
Brown
Red
Light blue
Yellow
Light blue
Natural
Light green
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Black
Dark blue
Passenger compartment fuse
panel
The fuse panel is located below
and to the left of the steering
wheel by the brake pedal. Pull the
panel cover outward to access the
fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse
puller tool provided on the fuse
panel cover.
129
20
21
10
11
31
30
9
29
19
8
28
18
7
27
17
6
26
16
5
25
15
4
24
14
3
23
13
2
12
22
Roadside emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
Fuse Amp
Rating
15A
5A
3
4
25A
5A
130
Description
Flasher Relay
Instrument Cluster, Overhead Trip
Computer (OTC) Module
Cigar Lighter
Park Lamp Relay, Headlamp
Relay, Autolamp Module, Remote
Anti-Theft Personality (RAP)
Module, Power Mirror Switch
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
5
Fuse Amp
Rating
15A
6
5A
7
5A
8
5A
9
10
11
—
—
30A
12
13
5A
15A
14
15A
15
5A
Description
Digital Transmission Range (DTR)
Sensor, Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) Module, Speed Control
Servo/Amplifier Assembly,
Heater-A/C Control Assembly,
Blend Door Actuator, Electronic
Variable Orifice (EVO) Module
Shift Lock Actuator, Generic
Electronic Module (GEM), 4
Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS)
Module, Compass Sensor, Steering
Wheel Rotation Sensor, Heated
Grid Relay, Overhead Trip
Computer (OTC) Module
Auxiliary A/C Relay, Console
Blower Motor
Radio, Main Light Switch, Remote
Anti-Theft Personality (RAP)
Module
Not Used
Not Used
Washer Pump Relay, Wiper
Run/Park Relay, Wiper Hi/Lo
Relay, Windshield Wiper Motor,
Rear Wiper Pump Relay
Data Link Connector (DLC)
Brake On/Off (BOO) Switch,
Brake Pressure Switch
Battery Saver Relay, Interior
Lamp Relay
Generic Electronic Module
(GEM), Passive Anti-Theft System
(PATS) Module
131
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
16
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A
17
10A
18
5A
19
10A
20
5A
21
15A
22
23
10A
10A
24
25
10A
5A
132
Description
Instrument Cluster (W/O DRL),
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Module, Hi-Beam Headlamps
(Power supplied through
Multi-Function Switch)
Heated Backlight Switch, Left
Power/Heated Signal Mirror, Right
Power/Heated Signal Mirror
Main Light Switch, Generic
Electronic Module (GEM),
Instrument Illumination (Power
supplied through Main Light
Switch)
Instrument Cluster, Air Bag
Diagnostic Monitor
4 Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS),
Generic Electronic Module (GEM)
Digital Transmission Range (DTR)
Sensor, Junction Box Fuse/Relay
Panel (Fuse 20)
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
Trailer Tow Battery Charge Relay,
4X4 Center Axle Disconnect
solenoid, 4X2 Center Axle
Disconnect Solenoid, Function
Selector Switch, Rear Integrated
Control Panel, Recirculation
Vacuum Solenoid, Auxiliary A/C
Mode Acturator, Auxiliary A/C
Control Module
Function Selector Switch
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System
(4WABS) Module, 4WABS Relay
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
26
Fuse Amp
Rating
10A
27
5A
28
29
10A
5A
30
30A
31
—
Description
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Module, Right Headlamp (Power
supplied through Multi-Function
Switch)
Main Light Switch, Fog Lamp
Relay
Left Headlamp
Autolamp Module, Instrument
Cluster, Transmission Control
Switch (TCS)
Radio Noise Capacitor, Ignition
Coil, PCM Power Diode, Coil On
Plugs
Not Used
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine
compartment. The power
distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect
your vehicle’s main electrical
systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the
battery before servicing
high current fuses.
Always replace the cover
to the Power Distribution
Box before reconnecting the
battery or refilling fluid
reservoirs.
133
6
4
2
5
3
1
20
W/S/W
HI/LO
8
7
21
10
9
22
12
11
23
13
W/S/W
RUN/
PARK
24
14
FRONT
WASHER
PUMP
25
15
FUEL
PUMP
RELAY
26
16
HORN
RELAY
27
28
18
17
29
19
EEC
POWER
RELAY
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded
as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A*
2
3
10A*
30A*
4
5
6
15A*
20A*
30A*
134
Description
Trailer Tow Running Lamp Relay,
Trailer Tow Backup Lamp Relay
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
All Unlock Relay, All Lock Relay,
Driver’s Unlock Relay
Air Suspension Service Switch
Horn Relay
Radio, Premium Sound Amplifier,
CD Changer, Rear Integrated
Control Panel, Sub-Woofer Power
(Fuse 3 & Fuse 5)
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
7
Fuse Amp
Rating
15A*
8
30A*
9
15A*
10
11
12
25A*
25A*
10A*
13
14
30A**
60A**
15
50A**
16
40A**
17
30A**
18
19
20
21
22
30A**
20A**
50A**
50A**
50A**
23
24
40A**
30A**
25
30A CB
26
—
Description
Main Light Switch, Park Lamp
Relay
Main Light Switch, Headlamp
Relay, Multi-Function Switch
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Module, Fog Lamp Relay
I/P Auxiliary Power Socket
Console Auxiliary Power Socket
Rear Wiper Up Motor Relay, Rear
Wiper Down Motor Relay
Auxiliary A/C Relay
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System
(4WABS) Module
Air Suspension Solid State
Compressor Relay
Trailer Tow Battery Charge Relay,
Engine Fuse Module (Fuse 2)
Shift on the Fly Relay, Transfer
Case Shift relay
Power Seat Control Switch
Fuel Pump Relay
Ignition Switch (B4 & B5)
Ignition Switch (B1 & B3)
Junction Box Fuse/Relay Panel
Battery Feed
I/P Blower Relay
PCM Power Relay, Engine Fuse
Module (Fuse 1)
Junction Box Fuse/Relay Panel,
ACC Delay Relay
Not Used
135
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
27
Fuse Amp
Rating
40A**
28
30A**
29
30A**
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
Relays
Relays are located in the power
distribution box and should be
replaced by qualified technicians.
Primary battery fuses
(megafuses)
136
Description
Junction Box Fuse/Relay Panel,
Heated Grid Relay
Trailer Electronic Brake
Controller
Flip Window Relay, Hybrid
Cooling Fan Relay
Roadside emergencies
1
2
3
20A
The primary battery fuses are
located in the engine compartment
near the battery.
Ford recommends that the
megafuses are serviced by a
qualified service technician.
Location
1
2
3
Amperage
175
175
20
Description
Power Network Box Megafuse
Alternator Megafuse
Alternator Field Minifuse
Engine mini fuse box
137
Roadside emergencies
6
5
4
3
2
1
The engine mini fuses are located
on the drivers side of the engine
compartment.
Slot
Number
1
2
3
Fuse
Amperage
Rating
5 amp
20 amp
10 amp
4
5
6
10 amp
20 amp
—
Circuits Protected
Powertrain Control Module (PCM)
Trailer Tow Stop/Turn Lamps
Audio Rear Integrated Control Panel
(RICP), Compact Disc Changer, Radio
Running Board Lamps
Amplifier, Subwoofer Amplifier
Not Used
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving,
do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your
speed. Hold the steering wheel
firmly and slowly move to a safe
place on the side of the road.
138
Roadside emergencies
Spare tire information
Your vehicle is equipped with a
spare tire that may be used as a
spare or a regular tire. The spare
is identical to the other tires on
your vehicle, although the wheel
cover may not match.
Location of the spare tire and
tools
The spare tire and tools for your
vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Item
Spare tire
Jack, wheel nut wrench,
instructions, work gloves
Jack handle
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of
the rear bumper
Behind the access panel located
on the right rear quarter panel
interior trim
On top of the radiator support at
the front of the engine
compartment
Removing the jack handle
1. Open the hood.
2. Un-snap the end of the handle
that is retained by the clip on the
top of the windshield washer
bottle.
3. Un-snap the shaft of the handle
from the two retaining clips
attached to the top of the radiator
shroud.
139
Roadside emergencies
Removing the jack and tools
1. Locate the access panel on the
interior trim. Lift and rotate the
two panel retaining clips and
remove the panel.
2. Un-snap the wheel lug nut
wrench, instructions and work
gloves from their retaining bracket.
3. Remove the jack by turning the
thumbwheel counterclockwise to
relieve tension against the stowage
bracket.
Removing the spare tire
1. Open the liftgate.
2. Insert the straight end of the
jack handle into the rear access
hole located just above the rear
bumper.
Forward motion will stop and
resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
3. Turn the handle
counterclockwise until tire is
lowered to the ground and the
cable is slightly slack.
4. Remove the retainer from the
spare tire.
Stowing the spare
1. Lay the tire on the ground with
the outboard side facing up.
140
Roadside emergencies
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the spare handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its
original position underneath the
vehicle. The spare handle ratchets
when the tire is raised to the
stowed position. It will not allow
you to overtighten.
Tire change procedure
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior
to jacking, hoisting or towing
your vehicle.
Refer to the instruction sheet
(located behind the interior trim
access panel with the jack) for
detailed tire change instructions.
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park).
HOOD
BRAKE
141
Roadside emergencies
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
4. Obtain the spare tire and jack
from their storage locations.
5. Use the tip of the lug wrench to
remove any wheel trim.
6. Loosen each wheel lug nuts
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the
wheel is raised off the ground.
7. Turn OFF the air suspension
switch (if equipped).
8. Position the jack according to
the following guides and turn the
jack handle clockwise until the
wheel is completely off the ground.
When one of the rear wheels is off
the ground, the transmission alone
will not prevent the vehicle from
moving or slipping off the jack,
even if the transmission is in P
(Park). To prevent the vehicle
from moving when you change the
tire, be sure that the parking brake
is set and the diagonally opposite
wheel is blocked. If the vehicle
slips off the jack, someone could
be seriously injured.
142
OFF
Roadside emergencies
• Front (4x2)
• Front (4x4)
• Rear
143
Roadside emergencies
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking
point.
9. Remove the lug nuts with the
lug wrench.
10. Replace the flat tire with the
spare tire, making sure the valve
stem is facing outward. Reinstall
the lug nuts until the wheel is snug
against the hub. Do not fully
tighten the lug nuts until the
wheel has been lowered.
11. Lower the wheel by turning the
jack handle counterclockwise.
1
12. Remove the jack and fully
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
13. Put flat tire, jack and lug
wrench away. Make sure the jack is
fastened so it does not rattle when
you drive.
14. Unblock the wheels.
15. Turn on the air suspension
switch (if equipped).
144
3
4
5
2
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR
VEHICLE
The gases around the
battery can explode if
exposed to flames, sparks, or lit
cigarettes. An explosion could
result in injury or vehicle
damage.
Do not push start your
vehicle. You could damage
the catalytic converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric
acid which burns skin,
eyes, and clothing.
Preparing your vehicle
Also see the label on the battery.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to
start your vehicle. If you connect
your battery to a 24–volt power
supply you can damage your
starter, ignition system and other
electrical components.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of
the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical
system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to
the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure they do not touch.
Set the parking brake on both
vehicles and stay clear of the
engine cooling fan and other
moving parts.
145
Roadside emergencies
4. Check all battery terminals and
remove any excessive corrosion
before you attach the battery
cables.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both
vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories
off.
Connecting the jumper cables
146
4
+
–
+
Do not connect the end of
the second cable to the
negative (-) terminal of the
battery to be jumped. A spark
may cause an explosion of the
gases that surround the battery.
1
–
1. Position the vehicles so that
they do not touch one another.
2. Switch off the engine. Switch off
any unnecessary electrical
equipment.
3. Connect the positive (+)
terminal of the discharged battery
(1) to the positive (+) terminal of
the booster battery (2).
4. Connect one end of the second
lead to the negative (-) terminal of
the booster battery (3) and the
other end to a metal part of the
engine to be started (4), not to the
negative (-) terminal of the
discharged battery.
5. Make sure that the jump leads
are clear of moving parts of the
engine.
3
2
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the booster vehicle and
run the engine at moderately
increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the vehicle
with the discharged battery.
3. Once the engine has been
started, run both vehicles for a
further three minutes before
disconnecting the leads.
Removing the jumper cables
4
1
+
–
–
+
1. Remove the jumper cables in
reverse order. Take the cable off
the metallic surface (1) first,
followed by the cable on the
negative (-) booster battery
terminal (2).
2. Remove the cable from the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (3) and then the
discharged battery (4).
3. After the disabled vehicle has
been started, allow it to idle for a
while so the engine can “relearn”
its idle conditions.
2
3
147
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle
towed, contact a professional
towing service or, if you are a
member, your roadside assistance
center.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to
tow the vehicle with the front
wheels on the ground and the rear
wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is
recommended that your vehicle be
towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment.
Do not tow with slingbelt
equipment. Ford Motor Company
has not developed or approved a
slingbelt towing procedure.
148
Roadside emergencies
When calling for a tow truck, tell
the operator what kind of vehicle
you have. A towing manual is
available from Ford Motor
Company for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow
truck driver refer to this manual
for proper hook-up and towing
procedures for your vehicle.
149
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items
in the engine compartment for
easy location.
• We provide a “Service Guide”
which makes tracking routine
service easy.
If your vehicle requires
professional service, your
dealership can provide necessary
parts and service. Check your
“Warranty Guide” to find out which
parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels,
lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications.
Motorcraft parts are designed and
built to provide the best
performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN
SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when
inspecting or servicing your
vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running,
make sure that loose clothing,
jewelry or long hair does not get
caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with
the engine running in an
enclosed space, unless you are
sure you have enough
ventilation.
150
Maintenance and care
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open
flames and other lit material
away from the battery and all
fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the
engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will
drive properly, as explained in
Battery in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and
ensure the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove
the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the
vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on.
1. Set the parking brake and
ensure the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the
vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine
with the air cleaner
removed and do not remove it
while the engine is running.
151
Maintenance and care
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom of the instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle
and release the auxiliary latch that
is located under the front center of
the hood. Lift the hood until the
lift cylinders hold it open.
HOOD
BRAKE
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN
THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
4.6L/5.4L engines
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
1. Battery
152
9
Maintenance and care
2. Automatic transmission fluid
dipstick
3. Engine oil filler
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Air filter assembly
9. Engine coolant recovery
reservoir
10. Windshield washer fluid
reservoir
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Check the engine oil each time you
fuel your vehicle.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level
ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a
few minutes for the oil to drain
into the oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and
ensure the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself
from engine heat.
153
Maintenance and care
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator
(dipstick).
MIN
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert
the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the
MIN and MAX marks, the oil
level is acceptable. DO NOT
ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise
the level within the MIN-MAX
range.
154
MAX
Maintenance and care
• Oil levels above the MAX mark
may cause engine damage. Some
oil must be removed from the
engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and
ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For
instructions, refer to Checking the
engine oil in this chapter.
2. If the fluid level is not within
the normal range, add only
certified engine oil of the preferred
viscosity. Add engine oil through
the oil filler cap. Remove the filler
cap and use a funnel to pour oil in
the opening.
3. Recheck the oil level. Make sure
the oil level is not above the MAX
mark on the dipstick.
Engine oil recommendations
Look for this certification mark.
Ford oil specification is
WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified
for gasoline engines by the
American Petroleum Institute.
155
Maintenance and care
Do not use supplemental engine oil
additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary
and could, under certain
conditions, lead to engine damage
which is not covered by your
warranty.
Changing the engine oil and
filter
Change your engine oil and filter
according to the following mileage
and time requirements, whichever
occurs first:
• Normal Schedule – 8,000 km
(5,000 miles) or six months.
• Severe Duty Schedule - 5,000
km (3,000 miles) or three
months. Severe duty operation
would include extensive idling,
trailer towing, driving in severe
dust and police, taxi or delivery
service.
Ford production and aftermarket
(Motorcraft) oil filters are designed
for added engine protection and
long life. If a replacement oil filter
is used that does not meet Ford
material and design specifications,
startup engine noises or knock
may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the
appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford
specifications) for your engine
application.
156
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake
fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed at least once
each year:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid
until the level reaches MAX. Do
not fill above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford
specifications. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
MAX
MIN
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid
that is not DOT 3, you will
cause permanent damage to your
brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for
the master cylinder run
dry. This may cause the brakes
to fail.
157
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer
fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
symbol.
highlighted with a
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Do not put engine coolant
in the container for the
windshield washer fluid.
Checking and adding washer
fluid for the liftgate
Washer fluid for the liftgate is
supplied by the same reservoir as
the windshield.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the coolant in
the reservoir at least once a
month. Be sure to read and
understand Precautions when
servicing your vehicle in this
chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been
checked for a long period of time,
the engine coolant reservoir may
158
Maintenance and care
eventually empty. If this occurs,
add engine coolant to the coolant
reservoir. For more information on
engine coolant maintenance, refer
to Adding engine coolant in this
chapter.
Automotive fluids are not
interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield
washer fluid outside of its specified
function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant
in the container for the
windshield washer fluid.
If sprayed on the windshield,
engine coolant could make it
difficult to see through the
windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a
50/50 mixture of engine coolant
and water to the engine coolant
recovery reservoir-DO NOT ADD
DIRECTLY TO THE RADIATOR.
Add straight water only in an
emergency, but you should replace
it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and distilled water as soon as
possible.
Check the coolant level in the
coolant recovery reservoir the next
few times you drive the vehicle. If
necessary, add enough of a 50/50
mixture of coolant and water to
bring the liquid level to the fill line
on the reservoir.
159
Maintenance and care
Never remove the coolant
recovery cap while the
engine is running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant
recovery cap, follow these steps to
avoid personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn
the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a
thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise to the
first stop.
3. Step back while the pressure
releases.
4. When you are sure that all the
pressure has been released, use
the cloth to press the cap down,
turn it counterclockwise and
remove it.
Use Ford Premium Cooling System
Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in Canada,
Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an
equivalent premium engine coolant
that meets Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A. Ford Premium
Engine Coolant is an optimized
formula that will protect all metals
and rubber elastomers used in
Ford cooling systems for four years
or 80,000 km (50,000 miles).
Do not use alcohol or methanol
antifreeze or any engine coolants
mixed with alcohol or methanol
antifreeze. Do not use
supplemental coolant additives in
your vehicle. These additives may
harm your engine cooling system.
The use of an improper coolant
160
Maintenance and care
may void your warranty of your
vehicle’s engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends
that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine
coolant produced by
Ford-approved processes. Not all
coolant recycling processes
produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A, and
use of such coolant may harm
engine and cooling system
components.
Always dispose of used
automotive fluids in a responsible
manner. Follow your community’s
regulations and standards for
recycling and disposing of
automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your
vehicle’s cooling system can hold,
refer to Refill capacities in the
Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine
cooling system for leaks if you
have to add more than a liter
(quart) of engine coolant per
month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold
climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]),
it may be necessary to increase the
coolant concentration above 50%.
Refer to the chart on the coolant
161
Maintenance and care
container to ensure the coolant
concentration in your vehicle is
such that the coolant will not
freeze at the temperature level in
which you drive during winter
months. Never increase the engine
coolant concentration above 60%.
Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and water in your vehicle
year-round in non-extreme
climates.
What you should know about
fail-safe cooling
If the engine coolant supply is
depleted, this feature allows the
vehicle to be driven temporarily
before incremental component
damage is incurred. The “fail safe”
distance depends on ambient
temperatures, vehicle load and
terrain.
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine overheats, the engine
will automatically switch from
eight to alternating four cylinder
operation. Each disabled cylinder
acts as an air pump and cools the
engine.
When this occurs, the engine
coolant temperature gauge will
move into the red area and the
light illuminates.
The check engine light will
illuminate, indicating that vehicle
service is required.
The vehicle will still operate, but
will have limited engine power and
162
HTEMP
C
Maintenance and care
no air conditioning capability.
Continued operation will increase
engine temperature and cause the
engine to completely shut down.
The vehicle will coast to a stop.
As the engine temperature cools,
the engine may be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as
soon as possible to minimize
engine damage.
When fail-safe mode is
activated
• Pull off the road as soon as
possible.
• Immediately turn the engine off
to prevent severe engine
damage.
• Wait for the engine to cool.
• Check the coolant level.
CHECKING AND ADDING
POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid at
least twice a year. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt
ATF power steering fluid.
1. Start the engine and let it run
until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge will be near the
center of the NORMAL band).
163
Maintenance and care
2. While the engine idles, turn the
steering wheel left and right
several times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add
fluid if the level is in this range.
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in
small amounts, continuously
checking the level until it reaches
the range between the MIN and
MAX lines. Be sure to put the cap
back on the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking and adding automatic
transmission fluid
Follow the scheduled service
intervals outlined in the “Service
Guide.”
Before adding any fluid, make sure
the correct type is used. The type
of fluid used is normally indicated
on the dipstick and/or dipstick
handle and also in the Lubricant
specifications section in the
164
Maintenance and care
Capacities and specifications
chapter.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement
concerns and/or possible
damage.
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is below the hole at the
bottom of the blade type dipstick
(4R70W transmission) or below
the COLD area on the bullet type
dipstick (E4OD transmission) and
outside temperatures are above
10°C (50°F) (see figure to the
right).
Your transmission does not use up
fluid. However, it is recommended
that you check the transmission
fluid at least twice a year. The
fluid level should be checked if the
transmission is not working
properly, i.e., if the transmission
slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Transmission fluid should be
checked at normal operating
temperatures 66°C-77°C
(150°F-170°F) on a level surface.
The normal operating temperature
can be reached after approximately
32 km (20 miles) of driving.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]) (see figure to the
right).
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
ADD
COLD
HOT
IDLING IN PARK
IDLING IN PARK
DO NOT ADD
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Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at room temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]) (see
figure to the right).
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
If your vehicle has been operated
for an extended period at high
speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the
vehicle should be turned off for
about 30 minutes to allow the fluid
to cool before checking.
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface and engage the parking
brake.
2. With the parking brake engaged
and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the
gear ranges. Allow sufficient time
for each gear to engage.
3. Latch the gearshift lever in P
(Park) and leave the engine
running.
4. Remove the dipstick, wiping it
clean with a clean, dry lint free
rag.
5. Install the dipstick making sure
it is fully seated in the filler tube.
6. Remove the dipstick and inspect
the fluid level. The fluid level
should be in the crosshatched area
on the dipstick.
166
P R N D 2 1
IDLING IN PARK
Maintenance and care
7. If necessary, add fluid in .25L
(1/2 pint) increments through the
filler tube until the level is correct.
8. If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement
concerns and/or possible
damage.
If the fluid level is above the top
notch of the hot range after driving
the vehicle for approximately 30
km (20 miles), excess fluid should
be removed by a qualified
technician.
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
ADD
COLD
HOT
IDLING IN PARK
DO NOT ADD
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT
AND SLIP YOKE
The universal joints standard with
your vehicle do not require
lubrication. If the original universal
joints are replaced with universal
joints equipped with grease
fittings, lubrication will be
necessary.
167
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle may be equipped with
a Motorcraft maintenance-free
battery. If the original equipment
battery needs replacing, it may be
replaced with a low-maintenance
battery. The low-maintenance
battery normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service. However, for severe usage
or in high temperature climates,
check your battery electrolyte
level, at least every 24 months or
40,000 km (24,000 miles). Keep
the electrolyte in each cell up to
the “level” indicator. Do not overfill
the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the
battery is low, you can add plain
tap water to the battery, as long as
you do not use hard water (water
with a high alkali content). If
possible, however, try to only fill
the battery cells with distilled
water. If the battery needs water
often, have the charging system
checked.
For longer, trouble-free operation,
keep the top of the battery clean
and dry. Also, make certain the
battery cables are always tightly
fastened to the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the
battery or terminals, remove the
cables from the terminal(s) and
clean with a wire brush. You can
neutralize the acid with a solution
of baking soda and water. Reinstall
the cables when you are done
168
Maintenance and care
cleaning them, and apply a small
quantity of grease to the top of
each battery terminal to help
prevent corrosion.
If your battery has a
cover/shield, make sure it is
reinstalled after the battery is
replaced.
Because your vehicle’s engine is
electronically controlled by a
computer, some control conditions
are maintained by power from the
battery. When the battery is
disconnected or a new battery is
installed, the engine must relearn
its idle conditions before your
vehicle will drive properly. To
begin this process:
1. Put the gearshift in P (Park),
turn off all accessories and start
the vehicle.
2. Let the engine idle for at least
one minute.
3. The relearning process will
automatically complete as you
drive the vehicle.
• If you do not allow the engine to
relearn its idle, the idle quality
of your vehicle may be adversely
affected until the idle is
eventually relearned.
• If the battery has been
disconnected or a new battery
has been installed, the clock and
the preset radio stations must
be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
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Maintenance and care
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible
manner. Follow your
communities standards for
disposal. Call your local
recycling center to find out
more about recycling automotive
batteries.
AIR CLEANER FILTER
MAINTENANCE
Refer to the “Service Guide” for
the appropriate intervals for
changing the air cleaner filter.
Do not start your engine
with the air cleaner
removed and do not remove it
while the engine is running.
CHANGING THE AIR FILTER
1. Loosen the clamp that secures
the air cleaner in place.
2. Separate the two halves of the
air cleaner.
3. Remove the air filter element
from the open end of the engine
air cleaner and replace it with a
new element. Be careful not to
crimp the filter edges between
halves. This could cause filter
damage if not properly seated.
4. Replace the two halves of the
air cleaner and secure the clamp.
170
Maintenance and care
For information on replacement air
filter elements, refer to the
Capacities and specifications
chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least
twice a year or when they seem
less effective. Substances such as
tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car
washes reduce the effectiveness of
wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe
properly, clean both the windshield
and wiper blades using undiluted
windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with
clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene,
paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
When replacing wiper blade
assemblies, always use a
Motorcraft part or equivalent. To
make replacing the wipers easy,
turn the ignition to ACC, then turn
the wipers on. When the wipers
reach the vertical position, turn
the ignition to LOCK.
To replace the wiper blades:
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Maintenance and care
1. Pull the wiper arm away from
the windshield and lock into the
service position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
with a screwdriver to release the
blade and pull the wiper blade
down toward the windshield to
remove it from the arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE
QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by
standards that the United States
Department of Transportation has
set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use
spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or
limited production tires as defined
in Title 49 Code of Federal
Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
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Maintenance and care
U.S. Department of
Transportation-Tire quality
grades: The U.S. Department of
Transportation requires Ford to
give you the following information
about tire grades exactly as the
government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a
comparative rating based on the
wear rate of the tire when tested
under controlled conditions on a
specified government test course.
For example, a tire grade 150
would wear one and one-half
(1 1/2) times as well on the
government course as a tire grade
100. The relative performance of
tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however,
and may depart significantly from
the norm due to variations in
driving habits, service practices,
and differences in road
characteristics and climate.
Traction A B C
The traction grades, from highest
to lowest are A, B, and C, and they
represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet pavement as measured
under test surfaces of asphalt and
concrete. A tire marked C may
have poor traction performance.
The traction grade
assigned to this tire is
based on braking (straight
ahead) traction tests and does
not include cornering (turning)
traction.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the
highest), B, and C, representing
the tire’s resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to
dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test
wheel. Sustained high temperature
can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life,
and excessive temperature can
lead to sudden tire failure. The
grade C corresponds to a level of
performance which all passenger
car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety
Standard No. 109. Grades B and A
represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test
wheel than the minimum required
by law.
The temperature grade for
this tire is established for a
tire that is properly inflated and
not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive
loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure
gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when
tires are cold, after the vehicle
174
Maintenance and care
has been parked for at least one
hour or has been driven less
than 5 km (3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to
recommended specifications
found on the Safety Compliance
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires
can affect vehicle handling
and can fail suddenly, possibly
resulting in loss of vehicle
control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires
perform different jobs, they often
wear differently. To make sure
your tires wear evenly and last
longer, rotate them as indicated in
the “Service Guide.” If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have
them checked.
• Four tire rotation
175
Maintenance and care
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
Failure to follow these
precautions may adversely
affect the handling of the vehicle
and make it easier to lose control
and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller
than your vehicle’s original tires
may also affect the accuracy of
your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the
same size and grade as the
tires you currently have on your
vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all
weather treads to provide traction
in rain and snow. However, in some
climates, you may need to use
snow tires and chains.
Follow these guidelines when using
snow tires and chains:
• Use only cable type chains
offered by Ford as an accessory
176
Maintenance and care
•
•
•
•
•
•
or equivalent. SAE class “S” or
other conventional link type
chains may contact and cause
damage to the vehicle’s wheel
house and/or body.
Install chains securely, verifying
that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
Drive cautiously. If you hear the
chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the
chains. If this does not work,
remove the chains to prevent
damage to your vehicle.
If possible, avoid fully loading
your vehicle.
Remove the tire chains when
they are no longer needed. Do
not use tire chains on dry roads.
The suspension insulation and
bumpers will help prevent
vehicle damage. Do not remove
these components from your
vehicle when using snow tires
and chains.
Do not exceed 48 km/h (30
mph) with tire chains on your
vehicle.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW
ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel
tank. The pressure in an
overfilled tank may cause
leakage and lead to fuel spray
and fire.
177
Maintenance and care
If you do not use the
proper fuel cap, the
pressure in the fuel tank can
damage the fuel system or cause
it to work improperly in a
collision.
The fuel system may be
under pressure. If the fuel
cap is venting vapor or if you
hear a hissing sound, wait until it
stops before completely
removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can
cause serious injury or
death if misused or mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines
when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle
before fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no
symptoms are immediately
apparent. The toxic effects of
fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Fuels can also be harmful if
absorbed through the skin. If
fuel is splashed on the skin,
178
Maintenance and care
promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin
thoroughly with soap and water.
• If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses, flush
with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention.
• Be particularly careful if you are
taking “Antabuse” or other
forms of disulfiram for the
treatment of alcoholism.
Breathing gasoline vapors or
skin contact could cause an
adverse reaction. Consult a
physician immediately.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The
use of leaded fuel is prohibited by
law and could damage your
vehicle.
Your vehicle was not designed to
use fuel or fuel additives with
metallic compounds, including
manganese-based compounds
containing MMT.
Vehicles certified to California
emission standards (indicated on
the underhood Vehicle Emissions
Control Information label) are
designed to operate on California
reformulated gasolines. If
California reformulated gasoline is
not available when you refuel, your
vehicle can be operated on
non-California fuels. However, even
though your engine will perform
adequately on other gasolines, the
performance of the emission
179
Maintenance and care
control devices and systems may
be adversely affected.
Repair of damage caused by using
a fuel that your vehicle was not
designed for may not be covered
by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
regular unleaded with an (R+M)/2
octane rating of 87. We do not
recommend gasolines labeled as
“regular” in high altitude areas that
are sold with octane ratings of 86
or even less.
Do not be concerned if your
vehicle sometimes knocks lightly.
However, if it knocks heavily under
most driving conditions on fuel
with the recommended octane, see
your dealer or a qualified service
technician to prevent any engine
damage.
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting,
rough idle or hesitation problems
try a different brand of fuel. If the
condition persists, see your dealer
or a qualified service technician.
The American Automobile
Manufacturers Association (AAMA)
issued a gasoline specification to
provide information on high quality
fuels that optimize the
performance of your vehicle. We
180
87
Maintenance and care
recommend the use of gasolines
that meet the AAMA specification
if they are available.
It should not be necessary to add
any aftermarket products to your
fuel tank if you continue to use a
high-quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines
to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain
oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Do not use gasolines containing
methanol, which can damage
critical fuel system components.
Damage resulting from the use of
methanol may not be covered by
your warranty.
Filling the fuel tank
AP
SN TO
L
UL0VE
AP
SNN
O
THEN
REMP
1. Turn the engine off. After
opening the fuel door, remove the
cap carefully and slowly by turning
it counterclockwise 1⁄4 turn until it
stops. Pull to remove the cap. A
tether attaches the cap to the fuel
filler pipe.
2. Make sure that you pump
unleaded fuel and put the fuel
nozzle inside the fuel filler pipe.
• To optimize fill, it may be
necessary to reposition the
nozzle in the filler pipe.
181
Maintenance and care
• To help reduce early nozzle shut
off and fuel spillage, park your
vehicle so the fuel filler door is
level.
• Avoid excessively fast fuel
dispensing rates (over 38 L
[10 gallons] per minute).
• If you spill fuel on the body of
your vehicle, clean it off
immediately. The fuel may dull
or soften the paint if it is not
washed off promptly.
• To replace the fuel cap, align
the tabs on the cap with the
notches on the fuel filler pipe.
Turn it clockwise until it stops.
• Push the fuel door closed.
If the check engine warning light
illuminates and remains illuminated
while the engine is started, the
fuel cap may not be properly
seated. Turn off the engine,
remove the fuel cap and replace it,
being sure to align the cap
properly.
If the cap is lost, replace it with an
authorized Motorcraft or equivalent
part.
Calculating fuel economy
To accurately calculate your
vehicle’s fuel economy:
1. Fill the tank completely and
record the initial odometer
reading.
2. Each time you fill the tank,
record the amount of fuel added
(in liters or gallons).
182
Maintenance and care
3. After at least three to five fuel
tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and
record the current mileage
reading.
4. Use one of the following
equations to calculate fuel
economy.
Liters used x 100 4 Total
kilometers traveled
Total miles traveled 4 Total
gallons used
Keep a record for at least one
month. This will provide an
accurate estimate of the vehicle’s
fuel economy.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with
various emission control
components and a catalytic
converter which will enable your
vehicle to comply with applicable
exhaust emission standards. To
make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission
control components continue to
work properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition
while your vehicle is moving,
especially at high speeds.
• Have the services listed in your
“Service Guide” performed
according to the specified
schedule.
The Scheduled Maintenance
Services listed in the “Service
183
Maintenance and care
Guide” are required because they
are considered essential to the life
and performance of your vehicle
and to its emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or
Ford authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for
service of components affecting
emission control such non-Ford
parts should be equivalent to
genuine Ford Motor Company
parts in performance and
durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive
your vehicle in dry grass
or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the
engine compartment and exhaust
system, which can start a fire.
Watch for fluid leaks, strange
odors, smoke, loss of oil pressure,
the charging system warning light,
the “Check Engine” light or the
temperature warning light. These
events could indicate that the
emission control system is not
working properly.
If you smell exhaust fumes
of any kind inside your
vehicle, have the dealer inspect
and fix your vehicle immediately.
Do not drive if you smell exhaust
fumes. These fumes are harmful
and could kill you.
Do not make any unauthorized
changes to your vehicle or engine.
By law, vehicle owners and anyone
184
Maintenance and care
who manufactures, repairs,
services, sells, leases, trades
vehicles, or supervises a fleet of
vehicles are not permitted to
intentionally remove an emission
control device or prevent it from
working. Information about your
vehicle’s emission system is on the
Vehicle Emission Control
Information Decal located on or
near the engine. This decal
identifies engine displacement and
gives some tune up specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty
Guide” for complete emission
warranty information.
Readiness for
inspection/maintenance (I/M)
testing
In some localities, it may be a legal
requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II)
system. If your “check
engine/service engine soon” light is
on, reference the applicable light
description in the Warning Lights
and Chimes section of your
owners guide. Your vehicle may
not pass the I/M test with the
“check engine/service engine soon”
light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system
or its battery has just been
serviced, the OBD-II system is
reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the OBD-II
system for I/M testing, a minimum
of 30 minutes of city and highway
driving is necessary as described
below:
185
Maintenance and care
• First, at least 10 minutes of
driving on an expressway or
highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving
in stop and go, city type traffic
with at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least
eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and
complete the above driving cycle.
The engine must warm up to its
normal operating temperature.
Once started, do not turn off the
engine until the above driving
cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the
following lamps frequently:
• headlamps
• foglamps
• high-mount brakelamp
• brakelamps
• parking lamps
• turn signals
• license plate lamp
• tail lamps
• back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless
they can be replaced immediately
with new ones. If a bulb is
removed for an extended period of
time, contaminants may enter the
lamp housings and affect lamp
performance.
186
Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen
headlamp bulb carefully
and keep out of children’s reach.
Grasp the bulb only by its plastic
base and do not touch the glass.
The oil from your hand could
cause the bulb to break the next
time the headlamps are
operated.
1. Make sure that the headlamp
control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. At the back of the headlamp,
pull clips rearward and up (about
¾”) to release the headlamp
assembly.
4. Slide headlamp assembly
forward and off of guide ribs to
expose the back of the bulb and
wiring connector.
5. Remove the electrical connector
from the bulb by grasping the wire
and pulling it rearward.
6. Remove bulb retainer ring by
turning it counterclockwise about
1⁄4 turn, then slide the ring off the
plastic base.
7. Without turning, carefully pull
bulb assembly out of headlamp
assembly.
187
Maintenance and care
8. Insert the glass end of the new
bulb into the headlamp assembly
socket. When the grooves in the
plastic base are aligned, push the
bulb into the socket until the
plastic base contacts the rear of
the socket.
9. Slip bulb retaining ring over the
plastic base and lock the ring into
the socket by turning it clockwise
until you feel a “stop.”
10. Push the electrical connector
into the rear of the plastic base
until it “snaps.”
11. Straighten alignment pins,
making them parallel with the
outer edges of the attachment
standoff.
12. Carefully insert the headlamp
assembly into the vehicle making
sure the alignment pins are
inserted into the proper holes and
into the guide ribs.
13. Hold the headlamp assembly
snugly against the vehicle and
push down on the clips to lock the
lamp into position.
188
Maintenance and care
Replacing parking lamp/turn
signal bulbs
1. Remove screw from the top of
lamp assembly.
2. Disengage lamp assembly (it has
a snap fit).
3. Remove the electrical connector
from the bulb by grasping the wire
and pulling it rearward.
4. Remove bulb retainer ring by
turning it counterclockwise about
1/4 turn, then slide the ring off the
plastic base.
5. Without turning, carefully pull
bulb assembly out of parking lamp
assembly.
6. Insert the glass end of the new
bulb into the parking lamp
assembly socket. When the grooves
in the plastic base are aligned,
push the bulb into the socket until
the plastic base contacts the rear
of the socket.
7. Slip bulb retaining ring over the
plastic base and lock the ring into
the socket by turning it clockwise
until you feel a “stop.”
8. Push the electrical connector
into the rear of the plastic base
until it “snaps.”
189
Maintenance and care
9. Align top and bottom ribs of
parking lamp assembly with
corresponding slots on front of
vehicle.
10. Push gently until parking lamp
assembly seats (you will hear a
snap).
11. Replace screw removed in
step 1.
Replacing foglamp bulbs
1. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the back of the
foglamp assembly.
2. Twist, then pull the bulb from
the foglamp assembly.
3. Install the new bulb.
4. Connect the electrical connector
to the back of the foglamp
assembly.
High-mount brakelamp
To change the high-mount
brakelamp bulbs:
190
Maintenance and care
1. Remove the four screws that
secure the high-mount brakelamp
lens.
2. Carefully remove the lens.
3. Each of the three bulbs may be
removed with a 1⁄4 turn
counterclockwise and a careful
pull.
4. Replace the bulbs as needed and
replace the high-mount brakelamp
lens.
Replacing tail lamp/backup
lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/backup lamp
assemblies are located in the same
portion of the vehicle rear, one just
below the other. Follow the same
steps to replace either bulb:
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the two screws at the
top of the lens.
3. Carefully pop the lens off and to
the right (it may be necessary to
use a screwdriver to remove the
lens).
4. Twist the connector 1⁄4 turn
counterclockwise and pull it out
for replacement.
5. Pull the bulb straight out of the
recess and replace it.
6. Replace the lens and secure the
two screws.
191
Maintenance and care
Replacing license plate lamp
bulbs
The license plate bulbs are located
under and behind the rear bumper.
To change the license plate lamp
bulbs:
1. Reach under and behind the
rear bumper to locate the bulb
connector.
2. Twist the connector
counterclockwise 1⁄4 turn and
carefully pull to remove it.
3. Pull out the old bulb and press
in the replacement bulb.
4. Replace the connector by
placing it back into the assembly
and turning it 1⁄4 turn clockwise.
Using the right bulbs
Function
Number of bulbs
Trade number
Headlamps
2
9007
Front park/turn lamps
2
3157NAK
Front sidemarker
2
194NA
Foglamps
2
899
Turn/tail/brake lamps
2
3157K
Liftgate lamp
2
916
Backup lamp
2
579
License lamp
2
168
High-mount brake
See a dealer or qualified service technician
lamp
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
192
Maintenance and care
REPLACING THE INTERIOR
BULBS
Check the operation of the
following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
Map lamps
To change the map lamp bulbs:
1. Use a small screwdriver to
remove the map lamp lens.
2. To remove the old bulb, twist 1⁄4
turn and pull it out.
3. Twist in a new bulb.
4. Press the map lamp lens back
on and test the lamp operation.
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified
service technician if:
1. Oncoming motorists frequently
signal you to deactivate your high
beams, and your high beams are
not activated.
2. The headlamps do not seem to
provide enough light for clear night
vision.
3. The headlamp beams are
pointed substantially away from a
slightly down and to the right
position.
193
Maintenance and care
CLEANING AND CARING FOR
YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance
Guide” for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of
water for best results. To avoid
spots, avoid washing when the
hood is still warm, immediately
after or during exposure to strong
sunlight.
During winter months, it is
especially important to wash the
vehicle on a regular basis. Large
quantities of dirt and road salt are
difficult to remove and also cause
damage to the vehicle. Remove any
exterior accessories, such as
antennas, before entering a car
wash.
After washing, apply the brakes
several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on
the surface. This could be every
three or four months, depending
on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or
synthetic-based waxes. Remove
194
Maintenance and care
any bugs and tar before waxing
vehicle. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to
remove. Use tar remover to
remove any tar spots.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage
from road debris may be repaired
with touch-up, paint repair foil or
aerosol paint spray from the Ford
accessory line. Observe the
application instructions on the
products.
Remove particles such as bird
droppings, tree sap, insect
remains, tar spots, road salt and
industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as
the body of your vehicle. Do not
use acid-based wheel cleaners,
steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives
that will damage the finish of
special wheel surfaces. Use a tar
remover to remove grease and tar.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when
they are clean because grease and
dirt buildup keep the engine
warmer than normal. When
washing:
• Take care when using a power
washer to clean the engine. The
high pressure fluid could
penetrate the sealed parts and
cause damage.
195
Maintenance and care
• Do not spray with cold water to
avoid cracking the engine block
or other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to
prevent water damage when
cleaning the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine
while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause
internal damage.
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine
cleaning. Clean with a tar remover
if necessary. Do not clean plastic
parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as
the exterior of your vehicle. Use
glass cleaner or tar remover if
necessary.
196
Maintenance and care
To avoid scratching the lamps, do
not use a dry paper towel,
chemical solvents or abrasive
cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe
properly, clean the windshield and
wiper blades with undiluted
windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with
clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene,
paint thinner or other solvents.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry
with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that
increases the gloss of the upper
portion of the instrument panel.
The dull finish in this area helps
protect the driver from undesirable
windshield reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a
whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately.
Follow the directions that come
with the cleaner.
Cleaning and maintaining the
safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild
soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do
not bleach or dye the belts,
because these actions may weaken
the belt webbing.
197
Maintenance and care
Check the safety belt system
periodically to make sure there are
no nicks, wear or cuts. If your
vehicle has been involved in an
accident, refer to the Safety belt
maintenance section in the
Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Cleaning leather seats
For routine cleaning, wipe the
surface with a soft, damp cloth.
For more thorough cleaning, wipe
the surface with a leather and
vinyl cleaner or a mild soap.
The type of scrubbing pad is
very critical because the
common 3M “Scotch Brite”
green pad is too aggressive and
will damage the leather surface
• Spray a small amount of the
leather cleaner on the pad and
rub the area to be cleaned with
the pad using a circular motion.
Only clean 1/4 of the area at a
time. For heavily soiled areas,
spray the cleaner directly onto
the leather (two squirts should
be adequate) and rub with the
pad. Repeat if necessary.
• Use a soft, damp cloth to
remove the loosened dirt and
foam.
• Dry with a soft cloth.
Do not use household cleaners,
glass cleaner, alcohol solutions
or cleaner intended for vinyl,
rubber or plastics. These
198
Maintenance and care
products can damage the
leather.
In some instances, color or dye
transfer can occur when wet
clothing (wool, denim, leathers
or other non-colorfast
garments) comes in contact
with leather upholstery. If this
occurs, the leather should be
cleaned immediately to avoid
permanent staining.
“Tanners Preserve Leather
Cleaner” (product number AS-300)
is available from “First Brands” by
calling 1–800–726–1001. This
product may also be available at
many local automotive after
market stores.
3M “Type T” Clean And Finish
Scrubbing Pads (UPC
04011–01276) are available
through your local 3M distributor.
Call 1–800–742–9649 for the
nearest distributor in your area.
PART NUMBER
(Obtain Locally)
(Obtain Locally)
PART NAME
Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner
3M 9Type T9 Clean and Finish
Scrubbing Pads
199
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
4.6L engine
5.4L engine
Air filter
FA-1632
FA-1632
Fuel filter
FG-872
FG-872
Battery (standard)
BXT-59
BXT-59
Battery (optional)
BXT-65-750
BXT-65-750
Oil filter
FL-820-S
FL-820-S
PCV Valve
EV-98
EV-233
Spark plugs*-platinum AWSF-32PP
AWSF-22E
* Replacement double platinum spark plug “EE” will replace “E” and
“EG” and “P” will replace “P” and “PG” suffixed spark plugs.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Brake fluid
Power steering
fluid
Transmission
fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft 5W30
Super Premium
Motor Oil
Ford High
Performance
DOT 3 Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONt V
ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Application
All
200
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
5.7L
(6.0 quarts)
All
Fill to line in
reservoir
All
4R70W
E4OD (4 x 2)
E4OD (4 x 4)
Transfer case
fluid
Capacity
4 x 4 vehicles
Fill to line in
reservoir
13.1L
(13.9 quarts)
15.0L
(15.9 quarts)
15.5L
(16.4 quarts)
1.9L
(2.0 quarts)
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Windshield
washer fluid
Engine coolant
Front axle fluid
Rear axle fluid1
Ford Part
Name
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Concentrate
Ford Premium
Cooling System
Fluid
Application
Motorcraft SAE
75W90 Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
75W140
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lubricant
4 x 4 vehicles
All
4.6L engine with
2 row radiator
4.6L engine with
1 row radiator
5.4L engine
Capacity
4.1L
(4.5 quarts)
17.9 L
(19.9 quarts)
17.0L
(18.0 quarts)
19.7L
(20.8 quarts)
1.8-2.0L
(3.5-3.7 pints)
All
2.9-3.1L
(5.5-5.8 pints)
1
Your vehicle’s rear axle is
equipped with synthetic rear axle
lubricant. Rear axles containing
synthetic lubricant are lubricated
for life. These lubricants are not to
be checked or changed unless a
leak is suspected, service required
or the axle has been submerged in
water. The axle lubricant should be
changed any time the axle has
been submerged in water. Add 118
ml (4 oz.) of additive friction
modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A
whenever the fluid is changed.
Service refill capacities are
determined by filling the rear axle
6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16
201
Capacities and specifications
inch) below the bottom of the filler
hole.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Windshield
washer fluid
reservoir
Body hinges,
latches, door
striker plates
and rotors, seat
tracks, fuel filler
door hinge and
spring, hood
latch, auxiliary
latch
Lock cylinders,
swing-away
spare tire carrier
padlock
Brake master
cylinder
Driveshaft, slip
spline, double
Cardan joint
center ball
Engine coolant
202
Ford part
name
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Ford part
number
C9AZ-19550-AC
OR -BC
Ford
specification
ESR-M17P5
Penetrating
Lubricant
E8AZ-19A501-B
NONE
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Premium Long
Life Grease
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
AND DOT 3
XG-1-C or
XG-1-K
ESA-M1C75-B
Ford Premium
Cooling System
Fluid
E2FZ-195490-AA ESE-M97B44-A
D7AZ-19584-AA ESR-M1C159-A
OR
OR
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-B
Capacities and specifications
Item
Engine oil
4x4 front wheel
bearings, 4x4
spindle needle
bearings, spindle
thrust bearings
& front drive
axle u-joint/slip
spline
Automatic
transmission
(E4OD)
Automatic
transmission
(4R70W)
Power steering
reservoir
Rear axle1
Front axle
Transfer case Four wheel
drive
Ford part
Ford part
name
number
Motorcraft 5W30 XO-5W30-QSP
Super Premium
Motor Oil
High
E8TZ-19590-A
Temperature
4x4 Front Axle
& Wheel Bearing
Grease
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
XT-2-QDX
Motorcraft
MERCONt V
ATF
Premium Power
Steering Fluid
Motorcraft SAE
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lube
75W90 Gear
Lube
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
XT-5-QM
Ford
specification
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
ESA-M1C198-A
MERCONt
WSS-M2C202-B
E6AZ-19582-AA
ESW-M2C33-F
F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
F1TZ-19C547-MA WSL-M2C192-A
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of
EST-M2C118–A (friction modifier
Part No. C8AZ-19B546–A) for
203
Capacities and specifications
complete refill of Ford
Traction-Lok rear axles.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel grade
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
4.6L engine
5.4L engine
281
330
215 @ 4400 rpm
230 @ 4250 rpm
290 lb. ft. @ 3250 rpm 325 lb. ft. @ 3000 rpm
87 octane
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-.056 inch)
(0.052-.056 inch)
EDIS
Coil on plug
9.0:1
9.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Maximum height 4x2/4x4
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Front track
204
mm (in.)
5 196 (204.6)
2 027 (79.8)
1 969.8 (77.6)/2 043 (80.4)
3 023 (119.0)
1 661 (65.4)
Capacities and specifications
4
1
3
5
2
205
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Safety compliance label
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
The National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration Regulations
require that a Safety Compliance
Certification Label be affixed to a
vehicle and prescribe where the
Safety Compliance Certification
Label may be located. The Safety
Compliance Certification Label is
located on the front door latch
pillar on the driver’s side.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number
is attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel.
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight
numbers of the vehicle
identification number) is stamped
on the engine block, transmission,
frame and transfer case (if so
equipped).
206
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
(U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash,
or could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in
addition to notifying Ford Motor
Company.
If NHTSA receives similar
complaints, it may open an
investigation, and if it finds that a
safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you,
your dealer or Ford Motor
Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either
call the Auto Safety Hotline
toll-free at 1–800–424–9393
(202–366–0123 in the Washington
D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle
safety from the Hotline.
207
Index
Aiming headlamps ....................193
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ..........................................78
and child safety seats ..............80
description ................................79
disposal ......................................83
indicator light ...........................82
passenger air bag .....................81
Air cleaner filter .......................170
Air conditioning
auxiliary heater and air
conditioner ................................29
manual heating and air
conditioning system ..23,24,26,28
Air suspension
description ..............................102
warning light .............................11
Ambulance packages ....................3
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
description ................................99
Battery .......................................168
voltage gauge ............................16
Brake fluid
checking and adding ..............157
Brakes ..........................................98
anti-lock .....................................98
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light .............................99
fluid, checking and adding ....157
Brake-shift interlock .................104
Break-in period .............................2
Bulbs, replacing ........................186
headlamps ...............................187
rear lamps ........................191,192
Changing a tire .........................138
Child safety seats ........................86
Childproof locks ..........................50
Chime
headlamps on ............................13
Cleaning your vehicle ...............194
engine compartment ..............195
fabric ........................................197
208
instrument panel ....................197
plastic parts ............................196
safety belts ..............................197
tail lamps .................................196
washing ....................................194
waxing .....................................194
wheels ......................................195
Compass, electronic ....................42
calibration .................................44
set zone adjustment .................43
Control trac 4WD system .........108
Controls ..................................51,52
Daytime running light system ...20
Defrost
rear window ..............................22
Driving under special
conditions ..................................111
high water ...............................112
slippery roads ..................113,114
Electronic sound system ............52
Emission control system ..........183
Engine ........................................204
check engine temperature
warning, message center .......152
service points ..........................152
Engine block heater ...................96
Engine coolant
checking and adding .......158,159
disposal ....................................161
refill capacities ........................161
Engine oil ...........................153,155
changing oil and oil filter .......156
checking and adding .......153,155
Exhaust fumes ............................96
Fail safe cooling ........................162
Floor mats ...................................53
Foglamps ...................................190
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles
control trac ........................23,108
indicator light ...........................11
special driving
instructions ......................109,110
Index
Fuel
calculating fuel economy .......182
improving fuel economy ........126
octane rating ...........................180
quality ......................................180
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................177
Fuel gauge ...................................13
Fuel pump shut-off switch .......127
Fuse panels
instrument panel ....................129
power distribution box ....133,137
Fuses ............................128,129,136
Gauges, Mechanical ....................13
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................14
Hazard flashers .........................127
Head restraints ...........................63
Headlamps
autolamp system .......................21
flashing ......................................39
high beam .................................39
turning on and off ....................20
Heating ........................................23
High beams
indicator light .............................9
Hood
release lever ............................152
Ignition
positions of the ignition ...........32
Instrument panel
lighting up panel and interior .21
Jump-starting your vehicle 145,147
attaching cables ......................146
disconnecting cables ..............147
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............13
Lamps
interior lamps .........................193
map lamps ...............................193
parking lamps .........................189
Liftgate ........................................53
Lights, warning and indicator
air bag ..........................................8
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..............9
anti-theft ...................................10
brake ............................................9
charging system ........................10
check engine ............................6,7
door ajar ....................................12
engine oil pressure ...................10
four-wheel drive ........................11
fuel reset ................................6,12
safety belt ...................................8
turn signal indicator ...................9
Load limits
trailer towing ..........................117
Lubricant specifications ...........202
Luggage rack .............................126
Message center ......................16,42
english/metric button ...............17
menu button .............................17
Mirrors
automatic dimming rearview
mirror ........................................46
heated ........................................51
side view mirrors (power) .......50
Moon roof ....................................42
Odometer .....................................15
Off road driving, 4-wheel drive 110
Overdrive ................................39,40
Overhead console
compass/temperature display ..40
storage compartment ...............41
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................56
Parking brake ............................100
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....200
Power door locks ........................48
Power steering
fluid, checking and adding ....163
Rear window
wiper ..........................................38
Refill capacities for fluids ........200
209
Index
Relays .................................128,136
Remote entry system .................55
illuminated entry ......................58
locking/unlocking doors ......55,56
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................58
replacing the batteries .............57
Reporting safety defects ..........207
Safety restraints
automatic locking mode
(retractor) .......................72,73,74
extension assembly ..................76
for children ...............................83
lap and shoulder belts ........71,72
maintenance ..............................77
proper use .................................70
warning light and chime 12,76,77
Safety seats for children
attaching with tether straps ....90
automatic locking mode
(retractor) .................................87
tether anchorage hardware .....90
Seats ............................................60
adjusting the seat, manual .......60
adjusting the seat, power ........61
lumbar support .........................60
rear flip fold seat .................63,64
rear seat access ........................63
reclining the seat ......................65
third row seat ............65,66,67,68
Servicing your vehicle ..............150
precautions when servicing ...150
Side mirrors .................................51
Snowplowing .................................3
Special notice
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart, lubricants .202
Speed control ..............................33
canceling a set speed ...............36
resuming a set speed ...............37
tap up/tap down .......................35
turning off .................................33
210
Speed sensitive steering ..........101
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle ........92,93,95
Steering, power .........................101
Storage compartments
overhead storage
compartment .............................40
Tachometer
mechanical cluster ...................15
Tilt steering wheel ......................37
Tires ....................................172,174
checking the pressure ............174
replacing ..................................176
rotating ....................................175
snow tires and chains ............176
treadwear ................................173
Traction-lok rear axle ........103,167
Trailer towing
calculating maximum trailer
weight ......................................119
tips ...........................................124
Transmission .............................164
automatic
operation ............104,105,106,107
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................164
Trip odometer .............................15
Turn signal
lever ...........................................32
Vehicle dimensions ...................204
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................206
Vehicle loading ..........................115
Ventilating your vehicle .............97
Warning chimes .............................6
Washer fluid
rear window reservoir ............158
warning light .............................12
Windows
accessory delay .........................48
power windows, operating ..45,47
Index
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....158
checking and replacing wiper
blades ......................................171
operation ...................................38
Wrecker towing .....................148
211
212
213
214
215
Filling station information
Recommended fuel
Fuel tank capacity-4x2 without air
suspension
Fuel tank capacity-4x2 vehicles
with air suspension and 4x4
vehicles
Engine oil (with filter change)
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Oil capacity (with filter change)
Coolant capacity
Power steering fluid capacity
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4R70W
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-E4OD (4x2)
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-E4OD (4x4)
216
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
98.0L (26 gallons)
114.0L (30 gallons)
Use Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil, Ford
Specification WSS-M2C153-G
Refer to Tire Pressure Decal on
passenger’s door panel
Pull handle under the left side of
the instrument panel
5.7L (6.0 quarts)
19.7L (20.8 quarts)
Fill to line in reservoir
13.1L (13.9 quarts)
15.0L (15.9 quarts)
15.5L (16.4 quarts)