Specifications | Ford 1998 Crown Victoria Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
3
Controls and features
14
Seating and safety restraints
61
Starting and driving
Starting
83
Driving
89
Roadside emergencies
105
Servicing
Maintenance and care
123
Capacities and specifications
174
Customer assistance
181
Reporting safety defects
193
Index
194
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system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
2
Instrumentation
3
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 6)
Foglamp control *
(pg. 44)
Headlamp
control
(pg. 42)
60
70
50
40
E
FUEL
FILL
1/2
F
C
H
30
60
80
100
120
140
80
0 00113
THEFT
90
160
3
100
2
1
4 5
RPMx1000
6
7
8
LOW
FUEL
MIRROR
L
Power side
view mirrors*
(pg. 14)
Speed control*
(pg. 44)
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 14)
*if equipped
4
Driver side air bag
(pg. 71)
Instrumentation
Passenger side air bag
(pg. 71)
Windshield wiper/
washer control
(pg. 49)
F
MIST
OFF
IN
H
AM
FM
M
SEEK
TRACK
TAPE
CD
SCAN
TUNE
DISCS
EJ
REW
PREMIUM SOUND
VOL
PUSH ON
1
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
FF
DOLBY B NR
+
SIDE 1-2
2
3
4
5
6
COMP
SHUF
LO
OFF
A/C
HI
R.DEF
MAX
A/C
Climate control system
(pg. 37)
Electronic sound system
(pg. 15)
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Base instrument cluster
60 70
50
E
40
1/2
F
30
80
90
120
140
0 00000
160
40
200
0 0 0 0
MPH
km/h
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
C
100
H
110
180
20
10
LOW
FUEL
100
60
20
FUEL FILL
80
120
–
+
ABS
P !
BRAKE
THEFT
Sport instrument cluster
60 70
50
40
1/2
E
F
C
30
H
80
90
120
0 00000
160
100
200
0 0 0 0
2
1
110
180
MPH
km/h
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
3
140
60
20
10
LOW
FUEL
100
40
20
FUEL FILL
80
4 5
6
RPMx1000
7
8
120
–
+
ABS
P !
BRAKE
THEFT
ZX2 coupe instrument cluster
60
70
50
80
100
40
120
140
80
E
1/2
F
C
H
FUEL
FILL
30
20
60
0 00000
P !
BRAKE
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
6
–
+
ABS
160
100
180
40
km/h
10
LOW
FUEL
THEFT
90
20
MPH
0 0 0 0
110
120
3
2
1
4 5
RPMx1000
6
7
8
Instrumentation
Low fuel
Illuminates as an early reminder of a
low fuel condition indicated on the
fuel gauge. The light comes on when
there is approximately 1/16th of a
tank indicated on the fuel gauge
(refer to Fuel gauge in this chapter for more information). The ignition
must be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate for several seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level.
LOW
FUEL
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). The OBD II system protects the
environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet
government emission standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern being
noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
7
Instrumentation
temporary malfunctions present, the Service Engine Soon light should
turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by
mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your vehicle serviced
at the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
P
!
ignition is turned to the ON
position, the engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged. If the
BRAKE
brake warning lamp does not
illuminate at this time, seek service immediately. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
8
Instrumentation
Shift indicator light (if equipped)
To maximize fuel economy, the shift
indicator light illuminates when the
manual transmission should be
shifted to the next highest gear.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (If equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the engine
ABS
is off. If the light does not illuminate
momentarily at start up, remains on
or continues to flash, the ABS needs
to be serviced. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system is
disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with parking brake released.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
9
Instrumentation
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Engine oil pressure
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
and the engine is off. Illuminates
when the oil pressure falls below the
normal range. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible and switch off the engine immediately. Check the
oil level and add oil if needed. Refer to Engine oil in the Maintenance
and Care chapter.
Liftgate ajar (if equipped)
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON position and the liftgate is
open.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
10
Instrumentation
GAUGES
Base instrument cluster gauges
60 70
50
E
40
1/2
F
30
90
140
0 00000
160
40
200
0 0 0 0
MPH
km/h
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
C
100
H
110
180
20
10
LOW
FUEL
80
120
60
20
FUEL FILL
100
80
120
–
+
ABS
P !
BRAKE
THEFT
Sport instrument cluster gauges
60 70
50
40
E
1/2
C
F
30
H
80
90
120
0 00000
160
100
200
0 0 0 0
MPH
km/h
2
1
110
180
20
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
3
140
60
10
LOW
FUEL
100
40
20
FUEL FILL
80
4 5
6
RPMx1000
7
8
120
–
+
ABS
P !
BRAKE
THEFT
ZX2 coupe instrument cluster gauges
60
70
50
80
100
40
120
140
80
E
1/2
F
C
H
FUEL
FILL
30
20
60
0 00000
P !
BRAKE
–
+
160
100
180
40
km/h
10
LOW
FUEL
THEFT
90
20
MPH
0 0 0 0
110
3
2
1
4 5
RPMx1000
6
7
8
120
ABS
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
11
Instrumentation
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
1/2
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
E
F
the vehicle is being refueled. When
FUEL
the gauge first indicates empty,
FILL
there is a small amount of reserve
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
vehicle from empty indication, the
amount of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised
capacity due to the reserve fuel.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it enters
the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as soon
as safely possible, switch off the
engine immediately and let the engine
cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
C
H
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
12
Instrumentation
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60
70
50
80
100
40
120
30
0 00000
60
20
90
140
80
160
100
180
40
km/h
20
10
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
MPH
120
0 0 0 0
60
70
50
80
120
100
40
0 00000
60
20
90
140
80
30
160
km/h
20
10
MPH
60
70
80
100
40
120
90
140
80
20
0 00000
60
160
100
180
40
km/h
10
Tachometer (if equipped)
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer in the red zone may damage
the engine.
110
120
0 0 0 0
50
30
100
180
40
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
110
20
MPH
110
120
0 0 0 0
THEFT
3
2
1
4 5
RPMx1000
6
7
8
13
Controls and features
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
Coupe
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
Sedan/Wagon
• Rotate left to brighten.
• Rotate right to dim.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
The ignition must be in ACC or ON position to adjust the power side
view mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
MIRRORS
L
14
R
Controls and features
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
MIRRORS
L
R
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
RELEA
TRUN
SE
TRUN
SE
K
K
TRUNK REMOTE CONTROL
Press the remote trunk release
control on the instrument panel to
open the trunk.
RELEA
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM stereo
H
AM
M
FM
SEEK
SCAN
BASS
TUNE
VOL
PUSH ON
TREB
+
1
2
3
4
5
6
LO
BAL
FADE
OFF
A/C
HI
R.DEF
MAX
A/C
15
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH ON
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain your preset
volume level, turn the audio system off with the power control before
switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio mode.
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM
or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1
or FM2 memory preset stations.
16
AM
FM
AM
FM
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio
mode.
SEEK
TUNE
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press the
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press the
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
for quick movement.
located there). Hold the
SEEK
TUNE
Seek function
The seek function control works in
radio mode.
SEEK
TUNE
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
17
Controls and features
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
the AM/FM select control.
AM
FM
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset
1
2
3
4
5
6
control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
Bass/treble adjust
• The bass adjust control allows
you to increase or decrease the
audio system’s bass output.
• The treble adjust control allows
you to increase or decrease the
audio system’s treble output.
BASS
–
BAL
18
TREB
+
FADE
Controls and features
Speaker balance/fade adjust
• Speaker sound distribution can be
BASS
TREB
adjusted between the right and
left speakers.
• Press the BAL control. Toggle
–
+
between the + and — control to
adjust the speaker sound.
BAL
FADE
• Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
• Press the FADE control. Toggle between the + and — control to
adjust the speaker sound.
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press the hour (h)
control and press:
• (+) to increase hour and
• (−) to decrease hour
To set the minute, press the minute
(m) control and press:
• (+) to increase minutes and
• (−) to decrease minutes
H
12:
M
H
M
+
:01
+
19
Controls and features
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette
H
AM
FM
M
TAPE
SEEK
SCAN
BASS
TUNE
REW
EJ
TREB
FF
DOLBY B NR
VOL
PUSH ON
+
1
2
3
4
5
6
BAL
FADE
SIDE 1-2
LO
OFF
A/C
HI
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
R.DEF
MAX
A/C
VOL
PUSH ON
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain your preset
20
Controls and features
volume level, turn the audio system off with the power control before
switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio modes.
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM
or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1
or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM
FM
AM
FM
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio
mode.
SEEK
TUNE
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press the
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press the
to move to the next
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
for quick movement.
located there). Hold
SEEK
TUNE
21
Controls and features
Seek function
The seek function control works in
radio or tape mode.
SEEK
TUNE
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next listenable station down the frequency band.
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
• Press
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
tape mode.
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
22
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
the AM/FM select control.
AM
FM
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset
1
2
3
4
5
6
control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
SIDE 1-2
Bass/treble adjust
• The bass adjust control allows
you to increase or decrease the
audio system’s bass output.
• The treble adjust control allows
you to increase or decrease the
audio system’s treble output.
BASS
–
BAL
TREB
+
FADE
Speaker balance/fade adjust
• Speaker sound distribution can be
BASS
TREB
adjusted between the right and
left speakers.
• Press the BAL control. Toggle
–
+
between the + and — control to
adjust the speaker sound.
BAL
FADE
• Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
• Press the FADE control. Toggle between the + and — control to
adjust the speaker sound.
23
Controls and features
Inserting a tape
Push only slightly when inserting a
REW
EJ
cassette tape (with the open edge
to the right). A cassette deck
loading mechanism pulls the tape in
the rest of the way.
You can switch from radio to tape play by inserting a tape into the
cassette deck.
FF
DOLBY B NR
Tape play select
Insert a tape to begin tape play.
Push only slightly when inserting a cassette tape (with the open edge to
the right). A cassette deck loading mechanism pulls the tape in the rest
of the way.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape mode.
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape mode.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
Tape side select
Press this control to play the
alternate side of a tape.
REW
FF
REW
FF
1
SIDE 1-2
24
Controls and features
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
REW
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction
manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation operates only in tape
mode. Dolbyt reduces the amount
of hiss and static during tape
playback.
Press the
button to activate (and
deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
2
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press the hour (h)
control and press:
• (+) to increase hour and
• (−) to decrease hour
To set the minute, press the minute
(m) control and press:
• (+) to increase minutes and
• (−) to decrease minutes
FF
DOLBY B NR
H
12:
M
H
M
+
:01
+
25
Controls and features
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/ Premium Sound
(Radio Controlled CD Changer Compatible)
H
AM
FM
M
SEEK
TRACK
TAPE
CD
SCAN
TUNE
DISCS
BASS
EJ
REW
PREMIUM SOUND
TREB
FF
DOLBY B NR
VOL
PUSH ON
+
1
2
3
SIDE 1-2
4
5
6
COMP
SHUF
LO
BAL
FADE
OFF
A/C
HI
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
R.DEF
MAX
A/C
VOL
PUSH ON
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
26
Controls and features
ignition switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain your preset
volume level, turn the audio system off with the power control before
switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes (if
equipped).
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM
or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1
or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
You can switch from CD play to tape play by simply inserting a tape into
the cassette deck.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or
CD mode (if equipped).
SEEK
TRACK
TUNE
DISCS
27
Controls and features
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press the
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
TRACK
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
TUNE
control to move through the
DISCS
frequencies quickly.
• Press the right side of the control
to move to the next frequency up
the band (whether or not a
listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD mode (if equipped)
• Press the
to select the
SEEK
previous disc in the CD changer.
TRACK
(Play will begin on the first track
of the disc unless the CD changer
TUNE
is in shuffle mode. Refer to
DISCS
Shuffle feature for more
information. Hold the control to
continue reversing through the
disc.
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
• Press
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in
radio, tape or CD mode (if
equipped).
SEEK
TRACK
TUNE
DISCS
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next listenable station down the frequency
band.
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
• Press
28
Controls and features
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function in CD mode (if equipped)
• Press
to seek to the previous track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for three seconds or more and you press
, the CD changer will replay that selection from the beginning.
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
• Press
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode (if equipped).
SEEK
TRACK
SCAN
TUNE
DISCS
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
29
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
the AM/FM select control.
AM
FM
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset
1
2
3
4
5
6
control until the sound returns,
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUF
indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
Bass/treble adjust
• The bass adjust control allows
you to increase or decrease the
audio system’s bass output.
• The treble adjust control allows
you to increase or decrease the
audio system’s treble output.
Speaker balance/fade adjust
• Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and
left speakers.
• Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
BASS
–
+
BAL
FADE
BASS
TREB
–
BAL
30
TREB
+
FADE
Controls and features
Inserting a tape
Push only slightly when inserting a
REW
EJ
FF
cassette tape (with the open edge
to the right). A cassette deck
loading mechanism pulls the tape in
the rest of the way.
You can switch from CD (if equipped) to tape play by inserting a tape
into the cassette deck.
DOLBY B NR
Tape play select
Insert a tape to begin tape play.
Push only slightly when inserting a cassette tape (with the open edge to
the right). A cassette deck loading mechanism pulls the tape in the rest
of the way.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
and CD modes (if equipped).
REW
FF
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape and CD modes (if equipped).
REW
FF
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
31
Controls and features
Tape side select
Press this control to play the
alternate side of a tape.
1
SIDE 1-2
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction
manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation operates only in tape
mode. Dolbyt reduces the amount
of hiss and static during tape
playback.
Press the
button to activate (and
deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust works in CD
mode (if equipped), and brings soft
and loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
32
REW
EJ
DOLBY B NR
2
5
COMP
FF
Controls and features
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
mode (if equipped) and plays all
tracks on the current disc in random
order. If equipped with the CD
changer, the shuffle feature
continues to the next disc after all
tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start
this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control
is pressed again.
6
SHUF
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press the hour (h)
control and press:
• (+) to increase the hour and
• (−) to decrease the hour
To set the minute, press the minute
(m) control and press:
• (+) to increase the minute and
• (−) to decrease the minute
H
12:
M
H
M
+
:01
+
33
Controls and features
CD changer (if equipped)
The CD changer is located in the trunk of your vehicle.
Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
Press
to eject the magazine.
Make sure only one disc is inserted
in each slot. Each disc must be
inserted with the label surface
upward. You may insert up to six
CDs.
COMPACT
DIGITAL AUDIO
34
6
5
4
3 6 COMPACT DISC MAGAZINE
2
1
Controls and features
The magazine does not need to be
full for the changer to operate.
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove box when not being used.
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
Troubleshooting the CD changer (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
35
Controls and features
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after ten to
twelve hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies AM
and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.9, 88.1–107.1, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation”. Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
36
Controls and features
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
LO
OFF
HI
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
LO
HI
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
37
Controls and features
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
•
•
•
•
•
•
OFF
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air
through the floor ducts.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the floor ducts
and the windshield defroster ducts.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts. It
can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will help to reduce
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
38
Controls and features
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
LO
OFF
A/C
HI
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
LO
HI
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
and
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except
. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
39
Controls and features
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct. In snowy or dirty condition, leave the mode selector in the OFF
position.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
•
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
•
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
•
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
•
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the
40
Controls and features
instrument panel registers. If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
higher, the air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to
reduce fogging.
•
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts. It
can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the temperature
is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce your
windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
41
Controls and features
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
Clears the rear window of thin ice and fog. To operate:
1. Turn the ignition to the ON position.
2. Press and release the control
once to turn on. The light will be lit
while the rear window defroster is
R.DEF
on.
3. Press and release the control
again to turn off.
The defroster will automatically turn off after fifteen minutes.
AC
I
CK
O0
L
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
OFF
42
ART
ST III
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
3
gearshift lever (automatic transaxle
only) and allows key removal. On
2
vehicles with a manual transaxle
ON
push the key in while turning to
C II
4
lock.
2. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
accessories such as the radio to
1
operate while the engine is not
running.
3. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
4. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
Controls and features
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
OFF
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
OFF
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
OFF
43
Controls and features
FOGLAMP CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
Rotate forward to activate.
OFF
OFF
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
44
Controls and features
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
CST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
45
Controls and features
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET
ACC/SET ACCEL. Release the
RSM
control when the desired vehicle
speed is reached or
SET
• Press and release SET/SET
ACC
ACC/SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
CST
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RSM
SET
ACC
CST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RSM
SET
ACC
CST
46
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal (if
equipped)
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
47
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
CST
TILT STEERING (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering control down to
move the steering wheel up or
down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then push the control back
up to lock the steering wheel in
position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
48
Controls and features
WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER
• For intermittent wiping, move the
control down one position and
rotate the wiper switch to the
desired position.
F
MIST
OFF
INT
PULL
INT
1
2
• For low speed wiping, move the
control down two positions.
• For high speed wiping, move the
control down three positions.
S
F
MIST
OFF
INT
PULL
INT
1
2
• For mist wiping, move the control up one position.
• To spray the washer fluid, pull
the wiper control toward you.
MIST
OFF
INT
1
2
S
F
INT
PULL
S
49
Controls and features
Rear window wiper/washer controls (if equipped)
For rear wiper operation, rotate the
rear wiper and washer control to the
desired position.
F
• To turn rear wipers on, rotate the
MIST
INT
rear wiper/washer control upward
OFF ON
PULL
INT OFF
to the ON position.
1
S
2
• To turn rear wipers off, rotate the
rear wiper/washer control
downward to the OFF position.
For rear washer fluid operation, rotate the rear wiper/washer control to
the desired position.
• To turn rear washers on, rotate the rear wiper/washer control upward
position for your desired length of washer time.
to the
• To turn rear washers on briefly (for quick cleaning), rotate the
wiper/washer control downward to the
position and release.
MOON ROOF (IF EQUIPPED)
• Press and hold OPEN to raise the
moon roof to the vent position.
• Press OPEN again to fully open
the moon roof.
• Press the opposite end of the
toggle control to close the moon
roof from either position.
OPEN
Sliding shade
The moon roof has a sliding shade that you can open or close when the
moon roof is closed.
50
Controls and features
INTERIOR LAMPS
Dome lamp and map lamps (if equipped)
The dome lamp is located overhead
between the driver and passenger
seats.
The dome lamp will stay on if the
control is moved to the ON position.
When the control is moved to the
DOOR position, the lamp will only
come on if a door is opened. If the
control is moved to the OFF
position, the lamp will not come on
at all.
The map lamps and controls are
located on the dome lamp. Press the
controls on either side of each map
lamp to activate the lamps.
OFF DOOR ON
Map lamps (if equipped)
The map lamps and controls are located on the dome lamp. Press the
controls on either side of the dome lamp to activate the map lamps.
If equipped with a moon roof, the
map lamps are located on the moon
roof control panel. Press the control
OPEN
next to the map lamp to illuminate
the lamp.
51
Controls and features
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control down to engage
the lock. Move control up to
disengage childproof locks.
52
L
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
Express down
To make the driver window open
fully without holding the window
control, press the driver window
control completely down and release
quickly. Depress again to stop
window operation.
53
Controls and features
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post and rotate forward to
lock in. Make sure that the mat does
not interfere with the operation of
the accelerator or the brake pedal.
To remove the floor mat, reverse the
installation procedure.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
Refer to the Roadside emergencies chapter for instructions on how to
operate the fuel pump shut-off switch.
CARGO COVER (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo area shade that covers the
luggage compartment of your vehicle.
To install the shade:
1. Fasten the cover into the
mounting brackets (make sure the
cover is right side up).
2. Pull the end of the shade toward
you and hook the sides into the
notches in the rear trim panels.
To prevent the possibility of
injuries, the fasteners for
the cargo area cover must be
properly attached to the mounting
clips on the rear trim panels.
Do not place any objects on the cargo area cover. They may
obstruct your vision or strike occupants of the vehicle in the
case of a sudden stop or collision.
54
Controls and features
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM
Your vehicle may have an all-door remote entry system or a driver’s door
only remote entry system.
The all-door remote entry system allows you to:
• lock or unlock all vehicle doors without a key.
• arm and disarm the anti-theft system. (For more information on the
anti-theft system, refer to Anti-theft system in this chapter.)
• open the trunk or unlock liftgate (wagons).
• activate the panic alarm.
The driver’s door only entry system allows you to:
• lock the driver’s door and liftgate (wagons).
• unlock the driver’s door only without a key.
• activate the panic alarm.
• open the trunk or unlock liftgate (wagons).
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
With the all-door remote entry
system, press the control a second
time within five seconds to unlock
all doors and liftgate.
55
Controls and features
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors
(and liftgate on wagons). On
vehicles equipped with the driver’s
door only remote entry system, only
the driver’s (and liftgate on wagons)
door will lock.
To confirm doors are closed and
locked, press the lock control a
second time within five seconds.
The door(s) will lock again, the
horn will chirp once and the lamps
will flash.
If any of the doors are open or ajar, the horn will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close the doors.
This process will also arm your anti-theft system (if equipped). For more
information on arming the anti-theft system, refer to Anti-theft system in
this chapter.
Opening the trunk
Press the control once to open the
trunk. On wagons, pressing the
control will unlock (but not open)
the liftgate.
Ensure that the trunk is closed and
latched before driving your vehicle.
Failure to latch the trunk
completely may cause objects to fall
out of the trunk or block the rear
view.
56
Controls and features
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1)
This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The remote transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium
battery CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to
be up to 10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in
operating range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back together.
57
Controls and features
Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter to
become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter should
operate normally after battery replacement.
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer if service is required.
If you purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed), perform the following
procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters, place
the key in the ignition and turn
from OFF to ON eight times in rapid
succession (within 10 seconds)
ending in ON. After doors lock/unlock, press any control on all
transmitters (up to four). With each control press of the transmitters,
the door should cycle (lock/unlock) to confirm programming. When
completed, turn the ignition to OFF. The door locks should cycle
(lock/unlock) one last time and the horn will chirp to confirm completion
of programming.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
Illuminated entry
Interior lamps will illuminate when UNLOCK or PANIC control is
pressed. The lamps will illuminate for approximately 20 seconds or until
the key is inserted in the ignition and turned to ON or until LOCK
control is pressed. The dome lamp must be set to the DOOR position in
order for the illuminated entry system to operate.
ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
When armed, the anti-theft system will help prevent your vehicle from
unauthorized entry.
If there is any potential perimeter anti-theft problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
58
Controls and features
Arming the anti-theft system
Turn the ignition to OFF and press
the lock control on the remote entry
transmitter.
Identifying an armed system
While the system is arming, the THEFT light in the instrument cluster
will illuminate for 30 seconds. After 30 seconds, THEFT will flash,
indicating the system is armed.
If the system is arming with the doors open, the THEFT light will stay
illuminated until all the doors are closed and then illuminate for 30
seconds and begin flashing.
When an unauthorized entry occurs, the activated system will:
• flash the parking lamps and the THEFT light
• sound the horn
The flashing parking lamps and the honking horn automatically shut off
after about three minutes and will remain off unless another
unauthorized entry is attempted.
Disarming the anti-theft system
Disarming an untriggered anti-theft system
Press the unlock control to disarm a
triggered or untriggered system.
59
Controls and features
A triggered system may also be
disarmed by inserting the key and
turning the ignition to ON/ACC or
by pressing the panic control.
On station wagons models, pressing
the trunk control only will unlock
and disarm the anti-theft system.
On non-station wagon models,
pressing the trunk control will
prevent the alarm from sounding
until the trunk is closed again.
Using the ignition key to unlock doors/trunk/liftgate will not disarm the
anti-theft system.
Disarming a triggered anti-theft system
Press either the unlock or panic
control to disarm the system.
A triggered system may also be
disarmed by inserting the key and
turning the ignition to ACC or ON.
60
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjustable head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
The head restraints can be moved
up and down.
Push control to lower head restraint.
61
Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
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Seating and safety restraints
Driver seat memory recliner (if equipped)
• Pull control to adjust seatback.
• To retain selected seatback
position, release seatback by
moving memory recliner control
forward to release seatback.
• Push seatback rearward until the seatback latches. This will be the
first position selected.
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Seating and safety restraints
Folding rear seats (if equipped)
Folding down the rear seats
To fold the seatback down:
• Press the latch control downward
or pull up on strap and
• Pull the seatback forward and
down.
Returning the seat to the upright position
Check to see that the seat and seatback is latched securely in
position. Keep floor area free of objects that would prevent
proper seat engagement. Never attempt to adjust the seat while the
vehicle is in motion.
To return the seat to the upright/normal seating position:
• Rotate seat upward and latch.
The full rear bench seat is shown. The split-folding rear seat (if
equipped) operates in a similar manner.
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Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
65
Seating and safety restraints
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
66
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
67
Seating and safety restraints
Front safety belt height adjustment (if equipped)
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of
the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjustment assembly to make sure it
is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Lap belts (if equipped)
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
68
Seating and safety restraints
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
69
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes
and the warning chime sounds for
four to eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), child safety seat tether bracket
assemblies (if equipped), and attaching hardware, should be inspected
after a collision. Ford recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in
vehicles involved in a collision be replaced. However, if the collision was
minor and a qualified technician finds that the belts do not show damage
and continue to operate properly, they do not need to be replaced.
Safety belt assemblies not in use during a collision should also be
inspected and replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
70
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
71
Seating and safety restraints
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm
(ten [10] inches) between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag
module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
72
Seating and safety restraints
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts unless
the collision causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
73
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is deployed, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone,
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
74
Seating and safety restraints
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
75
Seating and safety restraints
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of your
vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can be
positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or neck, the
child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child closer to the
center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
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Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the child.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the safety seat
you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the safety seat properly,
the child may be injured in a sudden stop or collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
77
Seating and safety restraints
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
78
Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
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Seating and safety restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware (Coupe)
Attachment holes (at both rear seating positions) have been provided in
your vehicle to attach anchor hardware, if desired. Tether anchorage
hardware kits (part number 613D74) including instructions, may be
obtained at no charge from any Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. All
vehicles built for sale in Canada include a tether anchor hardware kit.
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Seating and safety restraints
Be sure to follow the child safety seat manufacturer’s instructions.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
1. Install the child safety seat in the
rear right or rear left seat position.
For instructions on how to install
the seat, refer to Installing child
safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating
positions in this chapter.
2. Refer to the instructions provided in the tether anchor kit.
3. Refer to the instructions provided with your child safety seat to
securely attach the child safety seat by tether to the tether strap anchor
location.
Tether anchorage hardware (Sedan/Wagon)
Attachment holes (at each rear seating position) have been provided in
your vehicle to attach anchor hardware, if desired. Tether anchorage
hardware kits including instructions, may be obtained at no charge from
any Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. All vehicles built for sale in Canada
include a tether anchor hardware kit.
Be sure to follow the child safety seat manufacturer’s instructions.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
1. Install the child safety seat in the rear right, rear left or rear center
seat position. For instructions on how to install the seat, refer to
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions in this chapter.
2. Refer to the instructions provided in the tether anchor kit.
3. Refer to the instructions provided with your child safety seat to
securely attach the child safety seat by tether to the tether strap anchor
location.
81
Seating and safety restraints
• Sedan
• Wagon
82
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes at the higher RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
83
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
If starting a vehicle with an
automatic transaxle:
• Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
P
R
N
D
D
L
If starting a vehicle with a manual
transaxle:
• Push the clutch pedal to the
floor.
84
Starting
4. Turn the key to 3 (ON) without
turning the key to 4 (START).
3
2
AC
I
CK
O0
ON
II
4
ART
ST III
C
L
1
60 70
50
E
40
1/2
F
30
0 00000
C
H
110
120
–
+
THEFT
C
H
30
20
FUEL FILL
10
60 70
80
100
80
90
120
3
140
60
0 00000
40
160
100
180
20
MPH
km/h
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
P !
BRAKE
200
0 0 0 0
50
LOW
FUEL
100
180
40
F
160
ABS
P !
BRAKE
1/2
90
140
60
MPH
km/h
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
E
80
120
20
10
LOW
FUEL
100
40
20
FUEL FILL
80
0 0 0 0
200
110
2
1
4 5
6
RPMx1000
7
8
120
–
+
ABS
THEFT
85
Starting
60
70
50
80
100
40
120
140
80
E
1/
2
F
C
H
FUEL
FILL
30
20
60
0 00000
P !
BRAKE
–
+
160
20
MPH
0 0 0 0
3
100
180
40
km/h
10
LOW
FUEL
THEFT
90
110
2
1
4 5
RPMx1000
6
7
8
120
ABS
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
Whenever you start your vehicle, release the key as soon as the
engine starts. Excessive cranking could damage the starter.
3
2
CK
O0
AC
I
C
ON
II
ART
ST III
1. Turn the key to 4 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
3 (ON).
4
L
1
2. If the temperature is above –12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in fifteen seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait ten
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
86
Starting
depress the accelerator and start the engine while holding the
accelerator down to the floor. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
87
Starting
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
88
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a performance
concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal operation, automotive
brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent squeal or groan noises
when the brakes are applied. Such noises are usually heard during the first
few brake applications in the morning; however, they may be heard at any
time while braking and can be aggravated by environmental conditions such
as cold, heat, moisture, road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal”,
“continuous grinding” or “continuous squeal” sound is present while braking,
the brake linings may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified
service technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check at 17 km/h (10
mph) after you start the engine and begin to drive away. A brief
mechanical noise may be heard during this test. This is normal. If a
malfunction is found, the ABS warning light will come on. If the vehicle
has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking,
the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensating for this
tendency. The wheels are prevented
from locking even when the brakes
are firmly applied. The accompanying
illustration depicts the advantage of
an ABS equipped vehicle (on bottom)
to a non-ABS equipped vehicle (on
top) during hard braking with loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned on and the engine is off. If the light does not
89
Driving
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
P
!
brake system is disabled and normal
braking is still effective unless the
brake warning light also remains
BRAKE
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, pull the handle up as
far as possible.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
90
P
!
BRAKE
Driving
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or
in 1 (First) (manual transaxle).
Push the button on the end of the
parking brake and push the handle
down as far as possible to release
the brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
91
Driving
TRANSAXLE OPERATION
Manual transaxle (if equipped)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual transaxle have a starter interrupt
interlock that prevents cranking of the engine unless the clutch pedal is
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a manual transaxle, you must:
1. Put the gearshift in the neutral
position.
1
3
5
2
4
R
2. Hold down the brake pedal.
3. Depress the clutch pedal.
2
CK
O0
AC
I
C
L
92
3
1
ON
II
ART
ST III
4. Turn the ignition key to 4
(START), then let the engine idle
for a few seconds.
5. Release the brake pedal, then
slowly release the clutch pedal while
pressing down slowly on the
accelerator pedal.
Do not drive with your foot resting
on the clutch pedal and do not use
4
Driving
the clutch pedal to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a
hill. These actions will seriously reduce clutch life.
Parking your vehicle
1. Apply the brake and shift into the
neutral position.
1
3
5
2
4
R
1
3
5
2
4
R
2. Set the parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
93
Driving
4. Turn engine off and remove the
key.
3
2
AC
I
CK
O0
ON
II
ART
ST III
C
4
L
1
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly and
injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake fully.
Recommended shift speeds
Upshift according to the following charts for best fuel economy:
Coupe
Upshifts when accelerating (recommended for best fuel economy)
1-2
21 km/h (13 mph)
2-3
40 km/h (25 mph)
3-4
53 km/h (33 mph)
4-5
70 km/h (44 mph)
Coupe
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
1-2
18 km/h (11 mph)
2-3
32 km/h (20 mph)
3-4
46 km/h (29 mph)
4-5
61 km/h (38 mph)
Sedan/Wagon
Upshifts when accelerating (recommended for best fuel economy)
1-2
22 km/h (14 mph)
2-3
40 km/h (25 mph)
3-4
55 km/h (34 mph)
4-5
70 km/h (44 mph)
94
Driving
Sedan/Wagon
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
1-2
19 km/h (12 mph)
2-3
31 km/h (19 mph)
3-4
46 km/h (29 mph)
4-5
61 km/h (38 mph)
Reverse
Make sure that your vehicle is at a complete stop before you shift into R
(Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transaxle.
Put the gearshift into the neutral
position and wait at least three
seconds before shifting into R
(Reverse).
1 3 5
2
4
R
You can shift into R (Reverse) only by moving the gearshift from left of 3
(Third) and 4 (Fourth) gears before you shift into R (Reverse). This is a
special lockout feature which prevents you from shifting into R
(Reverse) when you downshift from 5 (Fifth).
Automatic transaxle (if equipped)
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed. If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the
brake pedal depressed:
95
Driving
1. Continue depressing the brake
pedal, and remove the shift-lock
override cap with a 2.5 cm (1 inch)
or longer screwdriver.
2. Insert the screwdriver into the
shift-lock override opening and push
down.
P
R
N
D
D
L
3. Push and hold the thumb button.
4. Move the gearshift.
If it is necessary to use the above
procedure to move the gearshift, it
is possible that a fuse has blown and
the vehicle’s brakelamps may not be
operating properly. Refer to Fuses
and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
P
R
N
D
D
L
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transaxle and tires may be damaged or the engine may overheat.
96
Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Understanding gearshift positions
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure that the gearshift is securely
latched in P (Park). This locks the
transaxle and prevents the front
wheels from rotating.
Always set the parking
brake fully and make sure
the gearshift is latched in P
(Park). Turn off the ignition
whenever you leave your vehicle.
P
R
N
D
D
L
97
Driving
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward. You
should always come to a complete
stop before shifting in and out of R
(Reverse).
P
R
N
D
D
L
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in the N
(Neutral) position, the vehicle can
be started and is free to roll. Hold
the brake pedal down while in this
position.
P
R
N
D
D
L
98
Driving
(Overdrive)
The overdrive position is the normal
driving position for an automatic
overdrive transaxle. It works the
same way as D (Drive) but shifts to
a fourth gear-an overdrive
gear-when your vehicle cruises at a
constant speed for any length of
time. This fourth gear will increase
your fuel economy when you travel
at cruising speeds.
P
R
N
D
D
L
Overdrive may not be appropriate for certain terrains. If the transaxle
shifts back and forth between third and fourth gears while you are
driving hilly roads or if your vehicle requires additional power for
climbing hills, shift into D (Drive).
D (Drive)
D (Drive) eliminates the needless
shifting between third and fourth
gears that your vehicle may do
when driving in hilly terrain. It also
gives more engine braking than
overdrive to slow your vehicle on
downgrades.
P
R
N
D
D
L
99
Driving
L (Low)
Use L (Low) when added engine
braking is desired or when
descending steep hills.
P
R
N
D
D
L
The automatic transaxle will shift into the proper gear to ascend any
grade without any need to shift to L (Low).
Do not go faster than 61 km/h (38 mph) when in this gear. You can
(overdrive) at any time.
upshift from L (Low) to
When parking, do not use the gearshift in place of the parking
brake. Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in Park (P). Turn off the ignition
whenever you leave your vehicle. Never leave your vehicle unattended
while it is running. If you do not take these precautions, your vehicle
may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
100
Driving
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the Front Axle Reserve
Capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
101
Driving
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the Total Axle Reserve Capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the Total Axle Reserve Capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both Gross Vehicle Weight and Front and Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs.
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission is submerged
may allow water into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle is capable of towing a trailer up to 454 kg (1 000 lbs.) gross
trailer weight with a maximum tongue load of 45 kg (100 lbs.). Do not
tow a trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 800 km
(500 miles).
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transaxle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these components
carefully after towing.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
102
Driving
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight exceeds the limit of the vehicle and could result in
engine damage, transaxle damage, structural damage, loss of control,
and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a load
carrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of
the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
103
Driving
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transaxle cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transaxle damage
and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your maintenance guide and or
service guide for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)
Load the luggage as far back as safely possible on the rack without
exceeding the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) or the gross axle
weight rating (GAWR).
Use adjustable tie down loops to secure the load.
104
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• Slide the hazard flasher control to
the right to activate the hazard
flashers simultaneously.
• Slide the control to the left to
turn the flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
• Right side of the trunk behind the
trunk liner.
105
Roadside emergencies
•Driver’s foot well, behind the kick
panel.
The fuel pump shut-off switch, depending on application, is locatedon
the right side of the trunk behind the trunk liner or in the driver’s foot
well, behind the kick panel.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
106
Roadside emergencies
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
107
Roadside emergencies
Coupe
The fuses are coded as follows:
P. Window (C.B.)
HEATER
Fuse/Relay
Location
DRL
HAZARD
ROOM
ENGINE
RADIO
DOOR LOCK
HORN
AIR COND
METER
WIPER
STOP
TAIL
108
(DRL)
(DOOR LK)
STOP
HAZARD
HORN
TAIL
ROOM
(AIR COND)
(SUN ROOF)
ENGINE
METER
(ASC)
RADIO
WIPER
–
CIGAR
(FOG)
FUEL INJ
AIR BAG
(AUDIO)
–
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A
Daytime Running Lamps
15A
Hazard Flasher
10A
Engine Controls, RAP System, Radio, Shift
Lock, Courtesy Lamps, Starting System,
Warning Chime, Instrument Cluster
15A
Electronic Automatic Transaxle, Ignition
System, Constant Control Relay Module
(PCM Relay)
5A
Power Mirrors, Radio, RAP System
30A
Power Door Locks
15A
Horn, Shift Lock
15A
A/C-Heater, ABS
10A
Backup Lamps, Engine Coolant Level Switch,
Instrument Cluster, Rear Window Defrost,
Shift Lock, Warning Chime, Turn Signal Switch
20A
Wiper/Washer, Blower Motor Relay
20A
Stop Lamps, Brake Pressure Switch
15A
Exterior Lamps, Instrument Illumination
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
SUN ROOF
ASC
P. WINDOW
CIGAR
AIR BAG
FOG
AUDIO
FUEL INJ.
Fuse Amp
Rating
15A
10A
30A CB
20A
10A
10A
15A
10A
BLOWER
30A CB
Description
Power Moonroof
Speed Control
Power Windows
Cigar Lighter
Air Bags
Fog Lamps, Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Premium Sound Amplifier, CD Changer
H02S, Evaporative Emission Purge Flow
Sensor
Blower Motor Relay
Sedan/Wagon
The fuses are coded as follows:
P. Window (C.B.)
HEATER
Fuse/Relay
Location
R.WIPER
HAZARD
R. WIPER
(DOOR LK)
STOP
HAZARD
HORN
TAIL
ROOM
(AIR COND)
SUNROOF
ENGINE
METER
(ASC)
MIRROR
WIPER
–
CIGAR
(FOG)
FUEL INJ
AIR BAG
(AUDIO)
–
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A
Daytime Running Lamps, Liftgate
Wiper/Washer
15A
Hazard Lamps
109
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
ROOM
ENGINE
MIRROR
DOOR
LOCK
HORN
AIR COND
METER
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A
Engine Controls, Remote Anti-Theft
Personality (RAP) Module, Radio, Shift
Lock, Courtesy Lamps, Starting System,
Warning Chime
15A
Air Bag, Engine Controls, TR Sensor
5A
Power Mirrors, Radio, Remote Keyless
Entry (RKE)
30A
Power Door Locks
15A
15A
10A
WIPER
STOP
TAIL
SUN ROOF
ASC
CIGAR
AIR BAG
20A
15A
15A
15A
10A
20A
10A
FOG
AUDIO
FUEL
INJECTOR
P. WINDOW
BLOWER
10A
15A
10A
30A CB
30A CB
Horn
A/C-Heater, ABS
Backup Lamps, Engine Controls,
Instrument Cluster, Rear Window Defrost,
Shift Lock, Warning Chime, Turn Signal
Switch
Wiper/Washer, Blower Relay
Stop Lamps
Exterior Lamps, Instrument Illumination
Power Moonroof
Speed Control
Cigar Lighter
Joint Connector, Air Bag Diagnostic
Monitor
Fog Lamps, Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Radio
HO2S, Evaporative Emission Purge Flow
Sensor
Power Windows
A/C-Heater
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The
power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
110
Roadside emergencies
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and Care chapter.
COOLING FAN
40A
(ABS)
60A
BTN
40A
MAIN
100A
DEFOG
30A
FUEL INJ
30A
Coupe
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
OBD-II 10A
HEADLAMP
RELAY
FUEL PUMP 20A
HEAD LH 10A
HEAD RH 10A
USE THE DESIGNATED FUSES ONLY
Fuse/Relay
Location
FUEL INJ.
DEFOG
MAIN
BTN
ABS
COOLING
FAN
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
30A*
Air Bags, Constant Control Relay Module
(PCM Relay), Generator
30A*
Rear Window Defrost
100A*
Overall Circuit Protection
40A*
Hazard, Stop, Door Lock, Tail, Room and
Horn Fuses of the I/P Fuse Panel
60A*
ABS Main Relay
40A*
Constant Control Relay Module (Cooling
Fan)
111
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
OBD-II
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A*
Data Link Connector (DLC), Instrument
Cluster
FUEL
20A**
Constant Control Relay Module (Fuel
PUMP
Pump)
HEAD RH
10A**
Headlamps
HEAD LH
10A**
Headlamps
* Fuse Link Cartridge **Fuse
COOLING FAN
40A
(ABS)
60A
BTN
40A
MAIN
100A
DEFOG
30A
FUEL INJ
30A
Sedan/Wagon
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
OBD-II 10A
HEADLAMP
RELAY
FUEL PUMP 20A
HEAD LH 10A
HEAD RH 10A
USE THE DESIGNATED FUSES ONLY
Fuse/Relay
Location
FUEL INJ.
DEFOG
MAIN
BTN
ABS
112
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
30A*
Air Bags, Engine Controls, Generator
30A*
Rear Window Defrost
100A*
Charging System, BTN, Cooling Fan, Fuel
Pump, OBD-II, ABS Fuses, Ignition Switch,
Headlamps
40A*
Hazard
60A*
ABS Main Relay
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
COOLING
FAN
OBD-II
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
40A*
Constant Control Relay Module
10A**
Data Link Connector (DLC), Instrument
Cluster
Engine Controls
FUEL
20A**
PUMP
HEAD RH
10A**
Headlamps
HEAD LH
10A**
Headlamps
* Fuse Link Cartridge ** Fuse
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
The temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller
than a regular tire and is designed for emergency use only.
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
113
Roadside emergencies
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Tire change procedure
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
When one of the front wheels is off the ground, the transaxle
alone will not prevent the vehicle from moving or slipping off the
jack, even if the vehicle is in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R
(Reverse) (manual transaxle).
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or R (Reverse)
(manual transaxle), turn engine OFF, and block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
114
Roadside emergencies
• Automatic
P
R
N
D
D
L
• Manual
1
3
5
2
4
R
3. Remove the jack, jack handle and
spare tire.
115
Roadside emergencies
4. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
5. Put the jack in the jack notch
next to the door of the tire you are
changing. Turn the handle clockwise
until the wheel is completely off the
ground.
6. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
7. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the
hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
8. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
9. Remove the jack and fully tighten
1
the lug nuts in the order shown.
10. Put flat tire, jack and lug wrench
away. Make sure the jack is fastened
3
4
so it does not rattle when you drive.
Unblock the wheels.
2
116
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
117
Roadside emergencies
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
118
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system.
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to ground the circuit)
are the alternator mounting brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not
use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as grounding
points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts and other moving
parts of both engines.
119
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
120
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
121
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
If your vehicle is to be towed from the rear using wheel lift equipment,
the front wheels (drive wheels) must be placed on a dolly to prevent
damage to the transaxle.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
TOWING BEHIND ANOTHER VEHICLE
If your vehicle has an automatic transaxle, it cannot be flat-towed with
all wheels on the ground; front wheel dollies must be used.
If your vehicle has an manual transaxle, your vehicle can be flat-towed
with all wheels on the ground.
122
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, keep loose clothing, jewelry or long hair
away from moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in the
Battery section in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transaxle:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure
the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
123
Maintenance and care
2. Turn off the engine and remove
the key.
P
R
N
D
D
L
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
• Manual transaxle:
1. Set the parking brake, depress
the clutch and place the gearshift in
1 (First).
124
Maintenance and care
2. Turn off the engine and remove
the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the
vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
1
3
5
2
4
R
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transaxle:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure
the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
125
Maintenance and care
2. Block the wheels to prevent the
vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
P
R
N
D
D
L
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
• Manual transaxle:
1. Set the parking brake, depress
the clutch and place the gearshift in
N (Neutral).
126
Maintenance and care
2. Block the wheels to prevent the
vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
1
3
5
2
4
R
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
127
Maintenance and care
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front center of the hood.
3. Lift the hood and secure it with the prop rod.
128
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
2.0L SOHC I4 engine
9
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1
7
2
6
3
4
5
Engine oil dipstick
Brake fluid reservoir
Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transaxle)
Battery
Air filter assembly
Engine oil filler cap
Power steering fluid reservoir
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
129
Maintenance and care
2.0L DOHC Zetec engine
9
8
7
1
2
3
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
5
4
Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transaxle)
Battery
Air filter assembly
Engine oil filler cap
Engine oil dipstick
Power steering fluid reservoir
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Brake fluid reservoir
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
130
Maintenance and care
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(automatic transaxle) or 1st (manual transaxle).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil indicator (dipstick).
• 2.0L SOHC I4 engine
ADD
FULL
• 2.0L DOHC Zetec engine
ADD
FULL
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
131
Maintenance and care
• If the oil level is between the ADD and FULL marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the ADD
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the ADD-FULL range.
• Oil levels above the F in FULL may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the F
in FULL mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
132
Maintenance and care
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this Certification
Trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API Certification Trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
133
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
MIN
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the fluid level in the reservoir for the master cylinder
fall below the MIN mark. If master cylinder runs dry, this may
cause the brakes to fail.
134
Maintenance and care
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch fluid level. Refer
to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide
for the service interval schedules.
The clutch master cylinder and
brake master cylinder are part of
the same system; both are refillable
through the brake master cylinder
with brake fluid. During normal
operation, the fluid level in the
brake fluid reservoir should remain
constant. For more information on
brake fluid maintenance, refer to Brake fluid in this chapter.
135
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
•Coupe
•Sedan/Wagon
Check the washer fluid whenever you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
symbol.
highlighted with a
If the level is low, add enough fluid to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
136
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding washer fluid for the liftgate (if equipped)
The rear reservoir is located on the passenger side of the storage
compartment behind the access cover. Refill this reservoir with the same
fluid you use for your windshield.
ENGINE COOLANT
• Coupe
• Sedan/Wagon
Check the level of the engine coolant in the reservoir. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval schedules. Be sure to
read and understand Precautions when servicing your vehicle in this
chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs, add
engine coolant to the coolant reservoir. For more information on engine
coolant maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
137
Maintenance and care
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549–AA (in
Oregon, F5FZ-19549–CC, in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a
premium engine coolant that meets Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544–AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system.
• Use only the type of coolant with which your vehicle was
originally equipped. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
138
Maintenance and care
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the next few times you
drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and distilled water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the
reservoir.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed
in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use of such coolant may harm engine
and cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
139
Maintenance and care
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the
coolant concentration above 60%. Increased engine coolant
concentrations above 60% will decrease the freeze protection
characteristics of the engine coolant. Vehicles driven year-round in
non-extreme climates should use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water for optimum freeze protection.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for the service interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use
only MERCONt ATF.
• Coupe
• Sedan/Wagon
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
140
Maintenance and care
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the reservoir. It should be between the MIN
and MAX lines. Do not add fluid if the level is in this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the range between the MIN and MAX lines. Be
sure to put the cap back on the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transaxle does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transaxle is not working
properly, i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some
sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic
during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be
turned off for about 30 minutes to allow fluid to cool before
checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated areas for normal operating temperature.
141
Maintenance and care
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the outside temperatures are
above 10°C (50°F).
20 C
65 C
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
20 C 65 C
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transaxle failure. An
20 C 65 C
overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transaxle component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
20 C 65 C
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns
and/or possible damage.
142
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be at bottom of
the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug
securely.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
143
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
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Maintenance and care
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transaxle) or the neutral
position (manual transaxle), turn off all accessories and start the engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle quality
of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle trim is
eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
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Maintenance and care
R
TU
LE
AD
RE
N
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
For information on replacement air filter elements, refer to Motorcraft
Part Numbers in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
CHANGING THE AIR FILTER ELEMENT
1. Release the clamp locking clip on
the front portion of the air filter
housing.
2. Then swing the left side open and
remove the air filter element.
3. When installing the air filter
element, ensure the nubs on the air
filter element and the air filter
housing are aligned.
4. Swing the left side of the air filter
housing closed and secure the
clamp.
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Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
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Maintenance and care
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has
been parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
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Maintenance and care
• Four tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
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Maintenance and care
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use snow tires and chains, it is
recommended that steel wheels are used of the same size and
specifications as those originally installed.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Do not use tire chains on aluminum wheels. Chains may chip the
wheels.
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Do not use tire chains with 38 cm (15 inch) wheel/tire options. Using
chains on this size tire may cause damage to steering, suspension
and/or body components.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
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Maintenance and care
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
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Maintenance and care
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
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Maintenance and care
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
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Maintenance and care
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend the use of gasolines
(R+M)/2 METHOD
labeled as “Regular” that are sold
with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times after refueling before
the system starts to pump the fuel from the tank to the engine.
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Maintenance and care
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
Instrumentation chapter.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
chart in this “Owner Guide”. The advertised capacity is the amount of
the Indicated Capacity and the Empty Reserve combined. Indicated
Capacity is the difference in the amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank
when the fuel gauge indicates empty. Empty Reserve is the small amount
of usable fuel remaining in the fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates
empty.
The amount of Empty Reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
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Maintenance and care
•
•
•
•
Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
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Maintenance and care
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• Using speed control (if equipped) may improve fuel economy. Speed
control can help maintain a constant speed and reduce speed changes.
You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain as
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gears may occur and
could result in reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
2 km/h [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
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Maintenance and care
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollover/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of Km/L (MPG) expected on
the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy may vary
depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
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Maintenance and care
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the charging system warning light, “Service Engine Soon”
light or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke
or loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
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Maintenance and care
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
It is a good idea to check the operation of the following lights frequently:
• Headlamps
• Turn signals
• Foglamps (if equipped)
• High-mount brakelamp
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
• Hazard flashers
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Handle a halogen bulb carefully and keep out of children’s reach.
Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do not touch the
glass; the oil from your hand could cause the bulb to break the next
time that the headlamps are operated.
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Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
1. Make sure that the headlamps are turned OFF.
• Coupe
• Sedan/wagon
2. Open the hood and disconnect the headlamp wiring socket from the
in-line connector. This will make it easier to change the bulb.
3. Remove the protective dust shield
from the housing by turning the
dust shield counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear).
4. Release clip and disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb.
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Maintenance and care
5. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise.
6. Without turning, remove the old
bulb from the lamp assembly by
pulling it straight back out of the
lamp assembly and replace.
7. Install the new bulb in lamp assembly by pushing straight in with the
bulb’s plastic base facing upward. Turn the bulb slightly to align the
grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in the lamp assembly.
8. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base and lock the ring
by rotating it clockwise until it snaps into place.
9. Connect the electrical connector into the plastic base until it “snaps”.
10. Install the protective dust shield and lock the shield by rotating it
clockwise until it locks into position.
11. Connect the headlamp wiring socket to the in-line connector.
12. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
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Maintenance and care
Replacing foglamp bulbs
1. Remove the bulb socket from the
foglamp by turning
counterclockwise.
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector
to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in the
foglamp turning clockwise.
High-mount brakelamp bulbs
To remove the brakelamp bulb:
1. Push the center of the push pins
in to release tension.
2. Pull the push pins out of the
cover and slide the cover away from
the package tray.
3. Remove the bulb by rotating it
counterclockwise and pulling it out
of the lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull out the bulb
straight out of the socket and push
in new bulb.
To install the brakelamp bulb:
1. Install the bulb into the lamp assembly and rotate clockwise.
2. Install the push pins in the cover far enough that the pins protrude
outside of the cover about 6mm (1/4 inch).
3. Install the cover and secure with the push pins.
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Maintenance and care
Tail lamp/Rear turn signal lamp bulbs-Except Wagon
The tail lamp and the turn signal
lamp bulbs are located in the same
portion of the tail lamp assembly,
one just below the other. Follow the
same steps to replace either bulb.
1. Open trunk to expose the tail lamp assembly. Remove the two screws
from the front of the lamp.
2. The tail lamp has hidden fasteners which can be disengaged by hitting
the lamp, with the side of your hand, toward the side of the vehicle.
3. Pull lamp assembly away from vehicle for access to bulbs.
4. Remove the bulb socket by
rotating it counterclockwise, then
pulling it out of the lamp assembly.
5. Pull the bulb from the socket and push in the new bulb.
6. Install the bulb socket into the lamp by rotating it clockwise.
7. Position the tail lamp on the vehicle and gently tap the lens to engage
the clips. Install the screws.
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Maintenance and care
Tail lamps/Rear turn signal lamp bulbs-Wagon
The tail lamp and the turn signal
bulbs are located in the same
portion of the tail lamp assembly,
one just below the other. Follow the
same steps to replace either bulb.
1. Open liftgate to expose the tail lamp assembly. Remove the three
screws and lamp assembly from the vehicle.
2. Remove the bulb socket by rotating it counterclockwise, then pulling it
out of the lamp assembly.
3. Pull the bulb from the socket and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket into the lamp assembly by rotating it clockwise.
5. Install the tail lamp assembly on the vehicle with the three screws.
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Maintenance and care
INTERIOR BULBS
Dome lamp
1. Remove the lamp lens by applying
pressure to both tabs at the top of
the lamp and pulling lens
downward.
2. Pull out the burned-out bulb and
install a new one.
3. Install the lamp lens by applying
pressure to both sides of the lamp
lens and popping the lamp lens up
on the assembly.
OFF DOOR ON
Map lamps
For bulb replacement, see a qualified service technician or your dealer.
Using the right bulbs
Function
Trade Number
Front park/turn lamps
3457 NAK
Foglamps (if equipped)
881
Headlamps-aero high and low beam
9007
Rear license plate lamps
168
High-mount brake lamp
921
Backup lamps
3156K
Brake lamps
3157K
Interior overhead lamp
12V/10W
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
167
Maintenance and care
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
Your vehicle is equipped with a Vehicle Headlamp Aim Device (VHAD)
on each headlamp. Each headlamp may be properly aimed in the vertical
(up/down) and the horizontal (left/right) directions using your VHAD
system. The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the
assembly plant.
A bubble (vertical indicator) that is not centered between the two red
lines does not necessarily indicate out-of-aim headlamps. If your vehicle
is not positioned on a level surface, the slope will be included in the
vertical indication. Therefore, vertical and horizontal headlamp
adjustment should be performed only when the beam direction appears
to be incorrect.
You will need one 4 mm wrench or socket to make the adjustments.
If the vehicle has been in an accident, the vehicle’s front structure
should be properly aligned before aiming the headlamps.
Horizontal aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface.
2. With the hood open, locate the
horizontal indicator and the
adjusting screw. They are located
below the viewing window at the
rear of the headlamp assembly.
3. The “L” and “R” under the viewing window on the top of the
headlamp refer to the directional change (left or right) of the horizontal
aim.
4. Use a 4 mm wrench or socket to turn the horizontal adjusting screw
until the forward edge of the knurled portion of the screw is aligned with
the “0” reference mark (as shown) on the plastic slider when viewed
directly from above.
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Maintenance and care
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level
surface.
2. With the hood open, locate the
bubble level and the vertical
adjustment screw. The adjustment
screw is located on the outboard
side of the headlamp below the
headlamp upper attachment.
DN
L
R
UP
DN
UP
3. The “UP” and “DN” on the bubble
indicate the directional change (up
or down) of the vertical aim.
4. Use a 4 mm wrench or socket to
turn the vertical adjusting screw
clockwise or counterclockwise until
the bubble is centered between the
lines.
Repeat the above process to the other headlamp, if necessary.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
169
Maintenance and care
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing vehicle. Use
tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have wax applied at a
commercial car wash, it is recommended that you clean the wiper blades
and windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper blades and
windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), touch-up
paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or aerosol paint spray (#ALAZ-19500–
XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line. Please note that the
part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with your vehicle’s
specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on the products.
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Maintenance and care
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Never apply anything to the drive belt (including belt dressing).
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
171
Maintenance and care
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield such as tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the non-abrasive
Bon-Amit powder. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. Do not use
abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water. The
windshield and wiper blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and
blades or rubber elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
172
Maintenance and care
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with water and a mild soap.
Wipe the leather again with a damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry
with a soft cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford recommends using
the Deluxe Leather Care Kit F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from
your Ford Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the leather
and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the instructions on the cleaner
label. Regular cleaning of your leather upholstery helps maintain its
resiliency and color.
Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions,
solvents or cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
173
Capacities and specifications
MOTOCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter element
Fuel filter
Battery
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
2.0L SOHC I4 engine 2.0L DOHC Zetec engine
FA-1643
FA-1643
FG-862
FG-862
BXT-58
BXT-58
FL-400–A
FL-2005
EV-224
EV-224
AGSF-34EE**
AZFS-32PP**
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
** If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must be reinstalled in the
same cylinder.If a spark plug needs to be replaced, use only spark plugs
with the same service part number suffix letter as shown on the engine
decal.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake fluid
Engine coolant1
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Premium Engine
Coolant
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
Automatic
transaxles
Manual
transaxles
ZX2
6.0L
(6.3 quarts)
5.0L
(5.3 quarts)
4.25L
(4.5 quarts)
3.8L
(4.0 quarts)
48.5L
(12.8 gallons)
Fill to line on
reservoir
Engine oil
(includes filter
change)
Motorcraft
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Fuel tank
capacity
Power steering
fluid
N/A
All
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
All
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Sedan/wagon
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Transmission
fluid
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
Automatic
transaxles
Manual
transaxles
All
3.9L
(4.1 quarts)
3.35L
(3.55 quarts)
2.2L
(2.32 quarts)
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Ford Part
Name or
Equivalent
Brake fluid
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Door latch, hood Multi-Purpose
latch, auxiliary
Grease
hood latch,
trunk latch, seat
tracks.
Lock cylinder
Penetrating and
Lock Lubricant
Automatic
Motorcraft
transaxle
MERCONt ATF
Manual transaxle Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Engine oil
Motorcraft
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Item
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-A
or
or
F5AZ-19G209-AA ESR-M1C159-A
E8AE-19A501-B none
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
and API
Certification
Mark
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Capacities and specifications
Item
Constant
velocity joints
Engine coolant1
Power steering
fluid
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name or
Equivalent
CV Joint Grease
(High Temp.)
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
E43Z-19590-A
ESP-M1C207-A
E2FZ-19549-AA ESE-M97B44-A
(in Oregon,
F5FZ-19549-CC,
in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-10)
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
1
DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant F6AZ-19544-AA,
meeting Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D (orange in color) Refer to
Adding engine coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
176
2.0L SOHC I4
engine
121
110 @ 5000 rpm
125 lb.-ft.
@ 3750 rpm
87 octane
1-3-4-2
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056 inch)
DIS
9.2:1
2.0L DOHC Zetec
engine
121
130 @ 5750 rpm
127 lb.-ft. @ 4250 rpm
87 octane
1-3-4-2
1.22-1.32 mm
(0.048-0.052 inch)
DIS
9.6:1
Capacities and specifications
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle
dimensions
(1) Overall
length
(2) Overall
width
(3) Overall
height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track Front
(5) Track - Rear
Coupe mm (in) Sedan mm (in) Wagon mm
(in)
4 451.0 (175.2) 4 432.3 (174.5) 4 392.0 (172.9)
1 712.0 (67.4)
1 681.0 (66.2)
1 701.0 (67.0)
1 328.4 (52.3)
1 351.0 (53.2)
1 369.1 (53.9)
2 499.0 (98.4)
1 435.1 (56.5)
2 499.0 (98.4)
1 435.1 (56.5)
2 499.0 (98.4)
1 435.1 (56.5)
1 435.1 (56.5)
1 435.1 (56.5)
1 435.1 (56.5)
5
2
• Coupe and Sedan models
177
Capacities and specifications
3
4
1
• Coupe model
4
1
• Sedan model
178
Capacities and specifications
5
2
• Wagon model
4
1
• Wagon model
179
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification Label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification Label may be located.
The Certification Label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel.
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block and transmission.
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Customer assistance
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford offers a
complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is separate
from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing to the nearest Ford of Canada or Ford Motor Company
dealership, or towing to your selling dealership if within 56 km (35
miles). Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting stuck
in the mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such as
impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, it’s found in
the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange assistance for yourself, Ford will reimburse a
reasonable amount. To obtain information about reimbursement, call
1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or Mercury vehicles; or if
you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140. Call 1–800–665–2006 in
Canada.
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Customer assistance
Ford extended service plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides:
• Protection against repair costs after your New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period expires;
and
• Other benefits during the warranty period (such as reimbursement for
rentals and towing).
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury or Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans
available in various time, distance and deductible combinations which
can be tailored to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers
reimbursement benefits for towing and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules
vary. See your dealer for details).
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,200 participating Ford, Lincoln-Mercury and Ford of Canada
dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options.
Also, please be aware that some dealers offer service contracts that are
not backed by Ford Motor Company or Ford of Canada. On the surface,
many independent plans appear to be like Ford’s. The problem is that
they can often require the use of non-factory approved parts and have
much more complex and restrictive claims coverage terms than Ford.
At Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada, we are dedicated to
providing Ford, Lincoln and Mercury vehicle owners with programs that
will enhance your ownership experience and protect you from
unexpected repair bills. Genuine Ford ESP is the only Extended Service
Plan that enables us to provide that service.
182
Customer assistance
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. When you need warranty repairs your selling dealer
would like you to return to it for that service, but you may also take your
vehicle to another Ford Motor Company dealership authorized for
warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs require special training
though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs.
That means that depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle
may need to be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not
assist you, then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
If you are not satisfied with the service you receive at the dealership,
speak with the service manager. If you are still not satisfied, speak with
the owner or general manager of the dealership. In most cases, your
concern will be resolved at this level.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada dealerships also carry genuine
Ford parts and accessories, providing you with original equipment
reliability.
Away from home
If you are away from home when your vehicle needs service, or if you
need more help than the dealership could provide, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
183
Customer assistance
Please have the following information available when contacting Ford
Customer Assistance:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the
Mediation/Arbitration Program (Canada).
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance as designed
concerns on Ford, Mercury and Lincoln cars and Ford or Mercury light
trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle
warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
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Customer assistance
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states of
eligibility is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln-Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
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Customer assistance
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative are asked to
submit statements at this time.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
#6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. Oral presentation may
be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take more than a month before the
Board can consider some cases.
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Customer assistance
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or
by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
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Customer assistance
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your dealer to clean your
vehicle and protect its finishes. For best results, use the following or
products of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant*
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover*
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner
188
Customer assistance
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
A wide selection of accessories is available through your local authorized
Ford, Lincoln-Mercury or Ford of Canada dealer. These quality
accessories have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive
needs; they are custom designed to complement the style and
aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each accessory is
made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds Ford’s rigid
engineering and safety specifications. Ford accessories are warranted for
up to 12 months or 20,000 km (12,000 miles) on all cars and light trucks
and 12 months with unlimited distance on medium/heavy duty trucks
unless the accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the warranty
becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty or the accessories
warranty, whichever is greater. See your dealer for complete warranty
information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Remote keyless entry
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Air conditioner
Air filtration systems
Cargo nets
Cargo organizers
Cargo shades
Cargo trays
Dash trim
Engine block heaters
Gear shift knob
Luggage presenter (Continental only)
Manual sliding rear window
Tire step
189
Customer assistance
Travel equipment
Console
Console armrest
Daytime running lights
Factory luggage rack
Factory luggage rack adaptors
Fog lights
Framed luggage covers
Heavy-duty battery
Neutral towing transfer case kit (Explorer 4.0L only)
Off road lights
Pickup box rails
Removable luggage rack
Removable luggage rack adapters
Retractable bed hooks and loops
Running boards
Snow traction cables
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Towing mirrors
Trailer hitch
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Bed mat/bedliner tailgate covers
Bed mats
Bedliners
Car/truck covers
Cargo liners, interior
190
Customer assistance
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full and mini)
Hood deflectors
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Rallye bars
Rear air deflectors
Rear decklid spoilers
Side window air deflectors
Spare tire lock
Step bumpers
Step/sill plates
Tailgate covers
Tailgate lock
Tailgate protector
Tonneau covers
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
191
Customer assistance
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio in the United States:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
To order the publications in this portfolio in Canada:
Make cheques payable to:
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd.
Service Publications
P.O. Box 1580, Station B
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L4Y 4G3
or order toll free: 1-800-387-4966
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holder orders only
192
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
193
Index
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ..........................71
and child safety seats ..............73
description ................................71
disposal ......................................75
driver air bag ............................73
indicator light ........................8,75
operation ...................................73
passenger air bag .....................73
Air cleaner filter ................146,174
Air conditioning ..........................37
Anti-theft system ...................58,59
arming the system ....................59
disarming a
triggered system ..................59,60
disarming an untriggered
system .......................................59
warning light ...............................9
Automatic transaxle ...................95
driving with ...............................97
fluid, refill capacities ..............174
fluid, specification ..................176
Battery .......................................144
acid, treating emergencies .....144
charging system
warning light .............................10
jumping a disabled battery ....117
maintenance-free ....................144
replacement, specifications ...174
servicing ..................................144
Brakes ..........................................89
anti-lock ................................89,90
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light ..............9,89
brake warning light ....................8
fluid, checking and adding ....134
fluid, refill capacities ..............174
fluid, specifications ..........175,176
lubricant specifications ...175,176
parking ......................................90
shift interlock ............................95
Break-in period .............................2
194
Capacities for refilling fluids ....174
Cargo cover .................................54
Child safety restraints ................76
child safety belts ......................76
child safety seats ......................77
Child safety seats ........................77
attaching with tether straps ....80
built-in child seat .....................77
in front seat ..............................78
in rear seat ................................78
tether anchorage
hardware ..............................80,81
Cleaning your vehicle ...............169
engine compartment ..............171
exterior ....................................170
exterior lamps .........................172
instrument panel ....................172
interior .....................................173
plastic parts ............................172
safety belts ..............................173
washing ....................................170
waxing .....................................170
wheels ......................................171
wiper blades ............................172
Clock ..................................19,25,33
Clutch
fluid ..........................................135
operation while driving ............92
recommended shift speeds ......94
Coolant ........................137,139,140
checking and adding ..............138
refill capacities .................139,174
specifications ...................175,176
Customer Assistance ................181
Ford accessories
for your vehicle ......................188
Ford Extended
Service Plan ............................182
Getting assistance outside the
U.S. and Canada .....................187
Getting roadside assistance ...181
Index
Getting the
service you need ....................183
Ordering additional
owner’s literature ...................192
The Dispute Settlement
Board .......................................184
Defrost
rear window ..............................42
Dipstick
engine oil .................................130
Driving under special
conditions
through water .........................102
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................117
Emission control system ..........159
Engine .................................176,177
check engine/
service engine soon light ...........7
coolant .....................................137
idle speed control ...................144
lubrication
specifications ...................175,176
refill capacities ........................174
service points ...................129,130
starting after a collision .........105
Engine block heater ...................87
Engine oil ..................................130
checking and adding .......130,132
dipstick ....................................130
filter, specifications .........133,174
recommendations ...................133
refill capacities .................130,174
specifications .....130,133,175,176
Exhaust fumes ............................87
Floor mats ...................................54
Fluid capacities .........................174
Foglamps .....................................44
Fuel ............................................152
calculating fuel economy .......156
cap ...........................................154
capacity ...................................174
choosing the right fuel ...........154
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................159
detergent in fuel .....................155
filling your vehicle
with fuel ....................152,154,156
filter, specifications .........156,174
fuel pump
shut-off switch ...................54,105
gauge .........................................12
improving fuel economy ........156
low fuel warning light ................7
octane rating .............155,176,177
quality ......................................155
running out of fuel .................155
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................152
Fuses ..........................................107
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............154
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) .................156
Gauges .........................................11
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................12
fuel gauge ..................................12
odometer ...................................13
speedometer .............................13
tachometer ................................13
trip odometer ............................13
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .....100
definition .................................100
driving with a heavy load ......100
location ....................................100
GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) .............100
calculating ...............................100
definition .................................100
driving with a heavy load ......100
location ....................................100
Hazard flashers .........................105
Head restraints ...........................61
195
Index
Headlamps ...................................42
aiming ...............................168,169
bulb specifications ..................167
daytime running lights .............43
flash to pass ..............................43
high beam ..............................9,43
replacing bulbs .......................162
turning on and off ....................42
warning chime ..........................10
Heating ........................................37
heater only system ...................37
heating and air
conditioning system .................39
Hood ..........................................127
Ignition ................................176,177
positions of the ignition ...........42
Infant seats
(see Safety seats) .......................77
Inspection/
maintenance (I/M) testing .......160
Instrument panel ..........................6
cleaning ...................................172
lighting up panel
and interior ...............................14
location of components ..............6
Jump-starting your vehicle ......117
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............10
positions of the ignition ...........42
Lamps
cargo lamps ...............................14
daytime running light ...............43
fog lamps ...................................44
headlamps ..........................42,162
headlamps, flash to pass ..........43
instrument panel, dimming .....14
interior lamps ....................51,167
replacing bulbs ..161,164,165,166
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................43
Lights, warning and indicator ......6
air bag ..........................................8
196
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .........9,89
anti-theft .....................................9
brake ............................................8
charging system ........................10
high beam ...................................9
liftgate ajar ................................10
low fuel ........................................7
oil pressure ...............................10
safety belt ...................................8
service engine soon ....................7
turn signal indicator ...................9
Load limits .................................100
GAWR ......................................100
GVWR ......................................100
trailer towing ..........................100
Locks
childproof ..................................52
Lubricant specifications ....175,176
Manual transaxle .........................92
fluid capacities ........................174
lubricant specifications ..........176
reverse .......................................95
Mirrors
side view mirrors (power) .......14
Moon roof ....................................50
Motorcraft parts .................156,174
Octane rating ............................155
Odometer .....................................13
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................57
Parking brake ..............................90
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....174
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................110
Power door locks ........................52
Power steering ............................91
fluid, checking and adding ....140
fluid, refill capacity ................174
fluid, specifications ..........175,176
Radio ............................................15
Relays .................................107,113
Remote entry system ............55,57
Index
illuminated entry ......................58
locking/unlocking doors ......55,56
opening the trunk .....................56
panic alarm ...............................57
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................58
replacing the batteries .............57
Roof rack ...................................104
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ................10,65,66,67,68
Safety Compliance
Certification Label ....................180
Safety defects, reporting ..........193
Safety restraints ...........65,66,67,68
cleaning the safety belts ...70,173
extension assembly ..................69
for adults ..............................66,67
for children ..........................75,76
lap belt ......................................68
warning light
and chime .....................8,10,69,70
Safety seats for children ............77
Seat belts
(see Safety restraints) ...............65
Seats ............................................61
child safety seats ......................77
cleaning ...................................173
Servicing your vehicle ..............123
Spark plugs,
specifications ...............174,176,177
Specification chart,
lubricants ............................175,176
Speed control ..............................44
Speedometer ...............................13
Starting your vehicle .............83,86
jump starting ..........................117
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................48
Tachometer .................................13
Tilt steering wheel ......................48
Tires .............................113,148,149
changing ...........................113,114
checking the pressure ............149
replacing ..................................150
rotating ....................................149
snow tires and chains ............151
tire grades ...............................149
treadwear ................................148
Towing
wrecker ....................................122
Transaxle .....................................92
automatic operation .................95
fluid, refill capacities ..............174
lubricant specifications ..........176
manual operation ......................92
Transmission
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................141
fluid, checking and adding
(manual) .................................143
Trip odometer .............................13
Trunk
remote release .....................15,56
Turn signal ...............................9,43
Vehicle dimensions ...................177
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................180
Vehicle loading ..........................100
Ventilating your vehicle .............88
Warning chimes ...........................10
Warning lights (see Lights) .........6
Washer fluid ..............................136
Water, Driving through .............102
Windows
power .........................................53
rear wiper/washer .....................50
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and cleaning ............147
operation ...................................49
replacing wiper blades ...........147
Wrecker towing .........................122
197
198
199
Filling station information
Item
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Oil capacity (includes filter
change)
Engine oil
Coolant capacity
1
Power steering fluid capacity
Automatic transaxle capacity
Manual transaxle capacity
Information
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
48.5L (12.8 gallons)
Refer to the Certification Label
inside of driver’s door.
Pull handle under the left side of
the instrument panel.
Sedan/wagon-3.8L (4.0 quarts)
ZX2-4.25L (4.5 quarts)
Use Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil, Ford
specification WSS-M2C153-G
Automatic transaxle-6.0L (6.3
quarts)
Manual transaxle-5.0L (5.3 quarts)
Fill to line on reservoir.
3.9L (4.1 quarts)
3.35L (3.55 quarts)
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
200
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