Ford 1998 Crown Victoria Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
3
Controls and features
23
Seating and safety restraints
58
Starting and driving
Starting
78
Driving
83
Roadside emergencies
95
Servicing
Maintenance and care
109
Capacities and specifications
145
Reporting safety defects
151
Index
152
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including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1997 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a warning. Read the
following section on Warnings for a
full explanation.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full use of the brakes for the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles).
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
2
Instrumentation
3
Instrumentation
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 23)
Instrument
cluster
(pg. 6)
Gearshift lever
(pg. 88)
Rear window
defroster control
(pg. 24)
Headlamp control
(pg. 23)
AIR
SUSP
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
80
60 70
100
80
120
140
BRAKE
90
60
H
PANEL
DIM
AUTO
LAMP
F
VOLTS
20
0FF
10
L
< FUEL FILL DOOR
E
AM
FM
BAS
160
40
FUEL
VOL - PUSH ON
100
30
180
20
200
MPH
km/h
110
120
P RND21
HTEMP
H
CD
OIL
SEEK
C
L
TUNE
2
1
PUSH INTERIOR
HI
LO
R.DEF.
S
OFF
RSM
F
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
COAST
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
Turn signal and
wiper/washer
control
(pg. 34)
Speed control*
(pg. 36)
Tilt steering
wheel lever
(pg. 35)
*if equipped
4
Driver side air
bag
(pg. 68)
NORM A/C
Instrumentation
Electronic sound
system
(pg. 33)
CLK
ST
FM1
S TREB
SCAN
BAL
EJ
3
w
f
DOLBY B NR
5
4
H
Passenger side air
bag
(pg. 68)
FADE
REW
SIDE
TAPE
AMS
FF
1-2
6
M
OFF
F
HI
AUTO
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Clock
(pg. 33)
Climate control
systems
(pg. 25)
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Standard instrument cluster
AIR
SUSP
TRAC
CNTL
LOW
FUEL
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
60
H
30
F
VOLTS
60 70
50
40
80
20
0000000
100
160
20
E
0 0 0
MPH
AIR
BAG
BRAKE
90
140
180
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
120
40
FUEL
L
100
80
0
200
km/h
HTEMP
110
120
H
OIL
C
L
Optional instrument cluster
CHECK
ENGINE
H
N
O
R
M
C
F
S
km
SPEED CONTROL
AIR
BAG
LTR
GAL
TO
EMPTY
–
E
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
1/2
+
LTR/100 km
DIST TO
EMPTY
AVG
ECON
INST
ECON
TRIP
A
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
PRN D 21
Low fuel
Illuminates when the fuel tank has
approximately eight liters (two
gallons) remaining. The lamp will
also illuminate when the ignition key
is turned to ON and the engine is
off.
6
km/h
MPH
LOW
FUEL
Instrumentation
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD II
system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Check Engine light should turn off.
(A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by mixed
city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
7
Instrumentation
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
AIR
BAG
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
!
and the engine is off. If brake
BRAKE
warning lamp does not illuminate at
this time, seek service immediately.
Also illuminates when the parking brake is engaged. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
8
Instrumentation
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (If equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the engine
ABS
is off. If the light does not illuminate
momentarily at start up, remains on
or continues to flash, the ABS needs
to be serviced. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system is
disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with parking brake released.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
9
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure (if equipped)
Illuminates when the oil pressure
falls below the normal range. Stop
the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level and
add oil if needed. Refer to Engine oil in the Maintenance and Care
chapter.
This lamp also illuminates when the ignition is turned to ON and the
engine is off.
Engine coolant temperature
Illuminates when the engine coolant
temperature is high. Stop the
vehicle as soon as safely possible,
switch off the engine and let it cool.
Never remove the coolant
recovery cap while the
engine is running or hot.
Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care chapter. If light
stays on or continues to turn on after the vehicle warms up, have your
vehicle serviced.
This light also illuminates briefly when the ignition key is turned to ON.
Air suspension (if equipped)
This light tells you if the air
suspension needs repair or if the air
suspension switch is OFF. For
information on the air suspension
system, refer to the Driving
chapter.
10
AIR
SUSP
Instrumentation
O/D off
Illuminates when the transmission
control switch has been pushed.
O/D
When the light is on, the
OFF
transmission does not shift into
overdrive. If the light does not come
on when the transmission control switch is depressed or if the light
flashes when you are driving, have your vehicle serviced.
Traction ControlY active (if equipped)
Flashes when the Traction Controly
system begins applying and
releasing the brakes and adjusting
the engine characteristics to limit a
wheelspin condition. It will be lit for
a minimum of four seconds or for
the duration of the Traction
Controly event.
If the Traction Controly indicator
comes on or stays lit, either:
• the Traction Controly system needs service, or
• the customer has disabled the system using the traction control
switch.
For more information, refer to the Driving chapter.
TRAC
CNTL
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and either front door is opened.
11
Instrumentation
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and either front door is opened.
Turn signal chime
Sounds when the turn signal lever has been activated to signal a turn.
GAUGES
Standard instrument cluster gauges
AIR
SUSP
TRAC
CNTL
LOW
FUEL
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
60
H
30
F
VOLTS
60 70
20
80
BRAKE
0000000
100
160
180
E
0 0 0
MPH
AIR
BAG
90
140
20
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
120
40
FUEL
L
100
80
0
200
km/h
110
120
HTEMP
H
OIL
C
L
Optional instrument cluster gauges
CHECK
ENGINE
H
N
O
R
M
C
F
S
km
SPEED CONTROL
km/h
MPH
AIR
BAG
LTR
GAL
TO
EMPTY
E
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
1/2
–
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
+
LTR/100 km
DIST TO
EMPTY
AVG
ECON
INST
ECON
TRIP
A
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
PRN D 21
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much fuel is in the fuel tank (when the key
is in the ON position). The fuel gauge may vary slightly when the vehicle
is in motion. The ignition should be in the OFF position while the vehicle
is being refueled. When the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small
12
Instrumentation
amount of reserve fuel in the tank. When refueling the vehicle from
empty indication, the amount of fuel that can be added will be less than
the advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
• Standard instrument cluster
F
FUEL
E
• Optional instrument cluster
F
1/2
E
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
• Standard instrument cluster
60 70
50
40
60
30
100
80
80
120
140
0000000
40
20
10
90
100
160
180
20
0 0 0
MPH
0
km/h
200
110
120
13
Instrumentation
• Optional instrument cluster
S
km
km/h
MPH
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
• Standard instrument cluster
60 70
50
40
100
80
80
120
140
90
60
30
0000000
40
20
10
• Optional instrument cluster
S
100
160
180
20
0 0 0
MPH
0
km/h
200
110
120
km
km/h
MPH
Refer to Electronic Message Center for information on how to switch
the display from metric to English measurements.
14
Instrumentation
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
60
70
50
80
120
100
40
140
80
30
20
60
0 00000
160
100
180
40
km/h
10
90
20
MPH
0 0 0 0
110
120
Refer to electronic message center for Trip A and Trip B features on the
optional instrument cluster.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely possible, switch off the
ignition and let it cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance
and care chapter.
Never remove the coolant recovery cap while the engine is
running or hot.
• Standard instrument cluster
HTEMP
C
15
Instrumentation
• Optional instrument cluster
H
N
O
R
M
C
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level or mixture, the
gauge indication will not be accurate.
Battery voltage gauge (if equipped)
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
H
VOLTS
L
Engine oil pressure gauge (if equipped)
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
H
OIL
between the “H” and “L”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
L
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to
Checking and adding engine oil in the Maintenance and care
16
Instrumentation
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
ELECTRONIC MESSAGE CENTER
The electronic message center only
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
DOOR
OVERDRIVE OFF
AJAR
works when the ignition is in the
ON position.
LOW
km
WASHER
MILES
The message center allows you to:
FLUID
/GAL
• see problems such as door ajar,
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
air suspension, trunk ajar, washer
DIST TO
AVG
INST
fluid low
EMPTY
ECON
ECON
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
• see how many kilometers/miles
A
B
SPEED
you can drive before running out
of fuel
• see when overdrive has been deactivated
• monitor the average fuel economy
• monitor the instantaneous fuel economy
• check the distance traveled during a trip on either Trip A or Trip B
• monitor the average speed
Selectable features
Reset
Press this control to reset the
selected message center function to
zero. The only functions which can
be reset are:
• AVG ECON
• TRIP A or TRIP B
• AVG SPEED
RESET
E/M
SELECT
17
Instrumentation
E/M
Press this control to switch the
electronic instrument cluster display
and the message center display from
metric to English units.
Select
Each press of the SELECT control
will select a different function.
Press the right side of the control to
advance the function to the right,
and press the left side of the control
to advance the function to the left.
To reset any function:
1. Push either the right or left side
of the SELECT control to choose
the desired function.
2. Press the RESET control and the
selected message center function
will be reset to zero.
RESET
E/M
SELECT
RESET
E/M
SELECT
RESET
E/M
SELECT
Message center functions
DIST TO EMPTY (DTE)
This function estimates
approximately how far you can drive
with the fuel remaining in your tank
under normal driving conditions.
18
DIST TO
EMPTY
AVG
ECON
INST
ECON
TRIP
A
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
Instrumentation
Remember to turn the ignition OFF when refueling your vehicle.
Otherwise, the display will not show the addition of fuel for a few miles.
At least 9.5 liters (2.5 gallons) of fuel must be added for the fuel gauge
to immediately show the new fuel level.
The DTE function will flash for 5 seconds and sound a tone for 1 second
when you have approximately:
• 80 km (50 miles) left before you run out of fuel
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
The message center will remain in
RESET
E/M
SELECT
the DTE function until the SELECT
control is pressed to change
functions.
Displayed DTE will not be equal to
AVG ECON multiplied by the FUEL
REMAIN value. DTE is calculated
using a method that considers the
fuel economy of the last 800 km
(500 miles) driven.
If “CO” or “CS” is displayed, there is a problem with the fuel indication
system and you should contact your dealer for service as soon as
possible.
AVG ECON (average fuel economy)
Select this function to display your
DIST TO
AVG
INST
EMPTY
ECON
ECON
average fuel economy in liters/100
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
km or miles/gallon.
A
B
SPEED
If you calculate your average fuel
economy by dividing miles traveled by gallons used, your figure may be
different than displayed for the following reasons:
• your vehicle was not perfectly level during fill-up
• differences in the automatic shut-off points on the fuel pumps at
service stations
• variations in top-off procedure from one fill-up to another
• rounding of the displayed values to the nearest 0.1 liter (gallons)
19
Instrumentation
Press the RESET control while AVG
ECON is displayed to reset the
function.
The average displayed is the average
since the last reset.
RESET
E/M
SELECT
INST ECON (instantaneous fuel economy)
Select this function to calculate the
DIST TO
AVG
INST
EMPTY
ECON
ECON
instantaneous fuel economy of your
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
running vehicle. For example, you
A
B
SPEED
can see what your fuel economy is
in heavy traffic or on an open highway.
Your vehicle must be moving to calculate instantaneous fuel economy.
When your vehicle is not moving, instantaneous fuel economy is
displayed at 99 liters per 100 kilometers (or 0 miles per gallon).
Instantaneous fuel economy cannot be reset.
TRIP A and TRIP B
These two functions allow you to
see how far you have traveled since
you last reset. Trip A and Trip B are
completely independent and must
be reset individually.
To reset either trip feature to zero,
press the RESET control while the
appropriate trip distance feature
(TRIP A or TRIP B) is displayed.
20
DIST TO
EMPTY
AVG
ECON
INST
ECON
TRIP
A
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
RESET
E/M
SELECT
Instrumentation
AVG SPEED (average speed)
Select this function to display your
DIST TO
AVG
INST
EMPTY
ECON
ECON
average speed in miles per hour or
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
kilometers per hour.
A
B
SPEED
Your vehicle must be moving to
calculate your average speed. When your vehicle is not moving, the
average speed is displayed at 0 kilometers (0 miles) per hour.
Message center indicator lights
Check air suspension
Briefly illuminates when the ignition
is turned ON. This light will remain
on to indicate that the air
suspension switch is off or to
indicate a possible system fault. For
more information on the air
suspension system, refer to the
Driving chapter.
Overdrive off
Illuminates when the transmission
control switch (TCS) has been
pushed. When the light is on, the
transmission does not shift into
overdrive. If the light does not come
on when the TCS is depressed or if
the light flashes when you are
driving, have your vehicle serviced.
Door ajar
Illuminates when one of the doors is
not completely shut and the ignition
is turned to ON. With the ignition
ON, this light will flash five times
and sound a tone for one second,
then remain on (if a door is open).
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
21
Instrumentation
Low washer fluid
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to ON and will
stay on when the windshield washer
fluid is low.
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
Trunk ajar
If the trunk is not completely
closed, this light comes on when
you turn the ignition to ON. With
the ignition ON, this light will flash
five times and sound a tone for one
second, then remain on (if the trunk
is open).
LTR/100 km
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
INDICATOR LAMP MODULE
The indicator lamp module contains the following lamps:
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (If equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the engine
ABS
is off. If the light does not illuminate
momentarily at start up, remains on
or continues to flash, the ABS needs
to be serviced. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system is
disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with parking brake released.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
BRAKE
ignition is turned to the ON position
and the engine is off. If brake
!
P
warning lamp does not illuminate at
this time, seek service immediately.
Also illuminates when the parking brake is engaged. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
22
Controls and features
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlight
and parklamp operation.
• Push up to brighten.
• Push down to dim.
PANEL
DIM
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps only. Rotate to the second
position to also turn on the
headlamps.
OFF
P
High beams
Push forward to activate.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
23
Controls and features
Autolamp control (if equipped)
The autolamp system provides light
OFF
P
sensitive automatic on-off control of
the exterior lights normally
controlled by the headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the
AUTO
lights on for a preselected period of
LAMP
time after the ignition switch is
turned to OFF.
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the
control counterclockwise. The preselected time lapse is adjustable up
to approximately three minutes by continuing to rotate the control
counterclockwise.
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the control clockwise to OFF.
• A small LED illuminates under the autolamp control to indicate that
the headlamps have been turned on by the autolamps.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the highbeam headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the engine must be running,
• the parking brake released, and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
The Daytime Running Light (DRL) system will not illuminate the
tail lamps and parking lamps. Turn on your headlamps at dusk.
Failure to do so may result in a collision.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is located
on the instrument panel.
R.DEF.
Press the defroster control to clear
the rear window of thin ice and fog.
• The small LED will illuminate when the defroster is activated.
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate the rear window
defroster.
24
Controls and features
The defroster turns off automatically after 10 minutes or when the
ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster
before ten minutes have passed, push the control again.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
LO
OFF
VENT
FLOOR
NORM
A/C
MIX
MAX
A/C
HI
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
LO
HI
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
VENT
NORM
A/C
FLOOR
MIX
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except VENT
and FLR. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
25
Controls and features
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than NORM A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the
vehicle faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This
mode can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• NORM A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX
A/C but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air will not be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
• FLR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air through
the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• MIX-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts and
the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided
in this mode. For added customer comfort, when the temperature
control knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full cold
positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly
warmer than the air sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
•
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will prevent your
windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
26
Controls and features
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) system
(if equipped)
The EATC system will maintain a
selected temperature and
AUTO
automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation
with any of the override controls or
the fan speed control.
F
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
OFF
HI
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
27
Controls and features
Turning the EATC on
Press AUTOMATIC, any of the
override controls or the fan speed
control. The EATC will only operate
when the ignition is in the ON
position.
HI
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
Turning the EATC off
Press OFF. The Outside
Temperature function will continue
to operate until the ignition is
turned off.
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
OFF
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
HI
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Automatic operation
Press AUTOMATIC and select the desired temperature. The selected
temperature and the word AUTO will appear in the display window. The
EATC system will either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically determine fan speed, airflow
location and if fresh outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed thumbwheel is turned.
When in AUTOMATIC and weather conditions require heat, air will be
sent to the floor. However, if the engine is not warm enough to provide
heat, the fan will be at a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In 3½ minutes or less, the fan speed will start to increase
and the airflow location will change to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging, etc.), the manual
override controls allow you to select airflow locations and the fan control
allows you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
28
Controls and features
Temperature selection
The display window indicates the
selected temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the override
controls) and manual control of fan
speed ( ) if automatic fan speed is not desired.
To control the temperature, select
any temperature between 18°C
(65°F) and 29°C (85°F) by pressing
the blue (cooler) or red (warmer)
buttons.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
˚F
AUTO
VENT
NORM A/C
For continuous maximum cooling, push the blue button until 16°C
(60°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
warmer temperature is selected by pressing the red button.
For continuous maximum heating, push the red button until 32°C (90°F)
is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue maximum
heating (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a cooler
temperature is selected by pressing the blue button.
Temperature conversion
Press MAX A/C and DEF
at the
same time (for one second) to
switch between Fahrenheit and
Celsius.
OFF
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
If your vehicle has an English/Metric (E/M) control to change your
electronic instrument cluster display (if equipped) and the message
center display (if equipped) from English to Metric, this control will also
change the temperature display. Refer to Electronic Message Center in
the Instrumentation Chapter.
29
Controls and features
Fan speed (
)
When AUTOMATIC is pressed, fan
speed is adjusted automatically for
existing conditions. You can override
fan speed at any time. To control
fan speed manually, use the
thumbwheel to cancel automatic fan
speed operation. Rotate the
thumbwheel up for higher fan speed
or down for lower fan speed.
The display will show
manual fan operation.
HI
OFF
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
to indicate
˚F
AUTO
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTOMATIC.
Manual override controls
The override controls are located at
the bottom of the EATC and allow
you to determine where airflow is
directed. To return to full automatic
control, press AUTOMATIC.
OFF
F
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except FLOOR
and VENT. It will also operate only when required when AUTOMATIC
has been selected. However, the air conditioning will only function if the
outside temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
display will remain the same and air will be cooled based on the
selected temperature. To exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other
override controls. MAX A/C is noisier than NORM A/C but more
30
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster. Airflow is
from the instrument panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
NORM A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
display will remain the same and air will be cooled based on the
selected temperature. It is quieter than MAX A/C but not as
economical. Fan speed will remain automatic. Airflow is from the
instrument panel registers.
VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
FLOOR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air cannot be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
FLR•DEF-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on the
temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the temperature is about
10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
outside air temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle. For short periods of time only, use this mode to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
31
Controls and features
Displaying outside temperature
Press OUTSIDE TEMP to display
the outside air temperature. It will
be displayed until OUTSIDE TEMP
is pressed again.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
VENT
If the selected temperature is changed while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new temperature will be displayed for four seconds after it
is changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window.
If a manual override function is selected while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new function will be displayed for four seconds after it is
changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window along
with the override selection.
The outside temperature reading is most accurate when the vehicle is
moving. Higher readings may be obtained when the vehicle is not
moving. The readings that you get may not agree with temperatures
given on the radio due to differences in vehicle and station locations.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select DEF
before driving. This will prevent
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
32
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate the air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
CLOCK
Press H to set the hour.
H
M
H
M
Press M to set the minute.
AUDIO SYSTEM
Refer to the “Audio Guide” in your owner portfolio.
33
Controls and features
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
The flash rate of the turn signal will speed up considerably if the
Lighting Control Module detects a left or right turn lamp bulb (front or
rear) is burned out.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
34
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HI
LO
S
OFF
F
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
35
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
36
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET ACC/SET ACCEL. For
speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Release the control when
the desired vehicle speed is
RESUME
reached or
SET
• Press and release SET ACC/SET
ACCEL
ACCEL. Each press will increase
COAST
the set speed by 1.6 km/h (1
mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
37
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET ACC/SET
ACCEL.
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
38
Controls and features
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
Indicator light
This light comes on when either the
SET ACC/SET ACCEL or
RES/RSM/RESUME controls are
pressed. It turns off when the speed control OFF control is pressed, the
brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF position.
SPEED CONTROL
HOMELINKT UNIVERSAL TRANSMITTER (IF EQUIPPED)
The HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter, located underneath the driver’s
visor, provides a convenient way to replace up to three hand-held
transmitters with a single built-in device. This feature will learn the radio
frequency codes of most current transmitters to operate garage doors
and gates, and can also control home or office lighting and security
systems (with the available accessory package).
39
Controls and features
When programming your HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter, you
will be operating the garage door or gate. Be sure that people
and objects are out to the way to prevent potential harm or damage.
Do not use the HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter with any garage door
opener that lacks safety stop and reverse features as required by U.S.
federal safety standards (this includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door which cannot detect
an object, signaling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current
U.S. federal safety standards. For more information on this matter, call
toll-free: 1–800–355–3515.
Programming
1. Prepare for programming the
HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter by
erasing all three of the factory
default channels by holding down
the two outside controls until the
red light begins to flash (20-30
seconds). Release both controls.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held
transmitter against the HomeLinkt
Universal Transmitter (located on
your visor) while keeping the red light in view.
3. Using both hands, press the
hand-held transmitter control and
the desired channel control on the
HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter.
Do not release the controls until
step 4 has been completed.
4. Hold down both controls until the
red light begins to flash slowly and
then rapidly. Rapid flashing indicates
successful programming of the new
frequency signal.
5. Follow steps 2 through 4 to program the remaining two channels.
If you do not successfully program the HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter
after repeated attempts, refer to Training a rolling code which follows
or call toll-free customer assistance: 1–800–355–3515.
40
Controls and features
Note to Canadian residents
During programming, your hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds which may not be long enough to
program the HomeLinkt Universal Transmitter.
If you are programming from one of
these hand-held transmitters:
• continue to hold the control on
the HomeLinkt Universal
Transmitter
• re-press the hand-held
transmitter every two seconds
You may have to repeat this function
several times while programming.
Operating the HomeLinkT Universal Transmitter
Once programmed, the HomeLinkt
Universal Transmitter can be used in
place of hand-held transmitters. To
operate, simply press the
appropriate channel control on the
transmitter (the red light will
illuminate, indicating the signal is
being transmitted).
Training a rolling code system
Rolling code systems (garage door openers which are “code protected”)
may be determined by the following:
• The hand-held transmitter appears to program the HomeLinkt
Universal Transmitter but does not activate the garage door.
• The garage door opener was manufactured after 1995.
Follow these steps to train a garage door with the rolling code feature:
1. Locate the training control on the garage door opener receiver. Refer
to the garage door opener manual or call 1–800–355–3515 if there is
difficulty locating the training control.
41
Controls and features
2. Press the training control on the garage door opener receiver until the
training light (next to the control) begins to flash (1-2 seconds).
3. Press the programmed
HomeLinkt control in the vehicle
until the training light on the garage
door receiver turns solid (1-2
seconds). Release the HomeLinkt
control and repress to turn off the
training light.
4. Press the HomeLinkt control
again. If the garage door activates,
the HomeLinkt Universal
Transmitter has been trained to the receiver.
Erasing channels
To erase all three programmed
channels:
1. Hold down the two outside
controls until the red light begins to
flash.
2. Release both controls.
Channels cannot be erased
individually, but can be
reprogrammed. Refer to
Programming for instructions.
AUTOMATIC DIMMING INSIDE REAR VIEW MIRROR (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle is equipped with an inside rear view mirror which has an
auto-dimming function. The electronic day/night mirror will change from
the normal state to the non-glare state when bright lights (glare) reach
the mirror. When the mirror detects bright light from front or behind, it
will automatically adjust (darken) to minimize glare.
Do not block the sensor on the backside of the mirror since this may
impair proper mirror performance.
42
Controls and features
Press the control to turn the mirror
on or off.
The mirror will automatically return
to the normal state whenever the
vehicle is placed in R
(Reverse)(when the mirror is on) to
ensure a bright clear view when
backing up.
COMP
MIRROR
ELECTRONIC COMPASS (IF EQUIPPED)
The compass reading will remain accurate during most driving
conditions. Unknown to the driver, the compass is continuously
recalibrating due to magnetic fields and subtle, slow changes in vehicle
magnetics which can occur over the life of the vehicle.
The compass reading will remain fixed when significant levels are
experienced (such as steel bridges). The compass will return to normal
operation upon leaving the magnetized area.
If highly magnetized items (such as magnetic mount antennas) are
placed very near the compass the display will change to “C” for 15
seconds, then display all segments until the magnetized item is removed.
Most geographic areas (zones) have a magnetic north compass point that
varies slightly from the northerly direction on maps. This variation is four
degrees between adjacent zones and will become noticeable as the
vehicle crosses multiple zones. A correct zone setting will eliminate this
error. Refer to Compass zone adjustment.
43
Controls and features
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which compass zone
you are in by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
8
9
2. With the compass display turned
on, press and hold the COMP side of
NW
the control until the zone selection
number appears in the mirror
display window.
3. Release the COMP side of the
control, then press it down again.
4. Continue to press until your zone
number is shown in the mirror
display, then release.
5. The display will show all segments, then return to normal compass
mode within ten seconds.
COMP
44
MIRROR
Controls and features
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines.
1. Start the vehicle.
2. Press and hold the COMP side of
the control for approximately six
NW
seconds until “C” appears in the
mirror display.
3. Drive the vehicle slowly (less
than 5 km/h [3 mph]) in circles or
on your everyday routine until the
display reads a direction.
4. The compass is now calibrated.
COMP
TRUNK REMOTE CONTROL
The remote trunk release control is
located on the driver’s door trim
panel and can be operated at any
time.
MIRROR
K
UN
TR
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
45
Controls and features
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
Express down
• Press AUTO and release quickly.
The window will open fully.
Depress again to stop window
operation.
AUTO
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
WINDOW LOCK
To lock out all the window controls
except for the driver’s press the
right side of the control. Press the left side to restore the window
controls.
46
Controls and features
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
The ignition must be in ACC or ON position to adjust the power side
view mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
MIRRORS
L
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
R
MIRRORS
L
R
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
47
Controls and features
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each
door. Setting the lock for one door
will not automatically set the lock
for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the
lock. Move control down to
disengage childproof locks.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post and rotate forward to
lock in. Make sure that the mat does
not interfere with the operation of
the accelerator or the brake pedal.
To remove the floor mat, reverse the
installation procedure.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
48
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
The horn will chirp and the
parklamps/taillamps will flash to
confirm the control was pressed.
This feature can be turned on/off
through the following procedure:
You must complete steps 1-7 within
30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the
procedure needs to be repeated,
you must wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock control three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON. The horn will chirp.
6. Press the unlock control, then press the lock control. The horn will
chirp once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short and one long
chirp) if autolock was activated.
7. Turn the ignition to OFF. The horn will chirp once to confirm the
procedure is complete.
49
Controls and features
Autolock
This feature automatically locks all doors when:
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the ignition is in the ON position
• you shift into or through R (Reverse)
• the brake pedal is released.
Relock
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened and closed
• the brake pedal is released.
Deactivating/activating the autolock feature
Before following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and
all vehicle doors are closed.
Automatic door locks can be turned on/off with the keyless entry keypad
through the following porcedure:
You must complete steps 1-5 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Enter the keyless entry keypad factory code.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold control 7/8.
3. Within 5 seconds (while holding down control 7/8), press and release
control 3/4.
4. Release control 7/8.
The door will lock/unlock to confirm the horn chirp feature has been
disabled. Once disabled, the feature can be enabled by repeating the
same sequence.
50
Controls and features
Opening the trunk
Press the control once to open the
trunk.
Ensure that the trunk is closed and
latched before driving your vehicle.
Failure to latch the trunk may cause
objects to fall out of the trunk or
block the rear view.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the START or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
51
Controls and features
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 30 minutes after the
last door is closed or after 10 minutes if the door is left open.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• battery weakness due to time and use
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter to
become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter should
operate normally after battery replacement.
52
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer for reprogramming if:
• a transmitter is lost or
• you want to purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed).
SECURILOCKY ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
The SecuriLocky anti-theft system provides an advanced level of vehicle
theft protection. Your vehicle’s engine can only be started with the two
special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys provided with your
vehicle. Each time you start your vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is read
by the SecuriLocky anti-theft system. If the SecuriLocky key
identification code matches the code stored in the SecuriLocky
anti-theft system, the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match the code stored in
the system or if a SecuriLocky key is not detected (vehicle theft
situation), the vehicle’s engine will not operate.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or stolen and you want
to ensure the lost or stolen key will not operate your vehicle, bring your
vehicle and all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
53
Controls and features
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on top of the instrument panel will operate as
follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will flash briefly every 2
seconds to indicate the SecuriLocky system is protecting your
vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to RUN or START, the theft indicator will
light for 3 seconds and then go out. If the theft indicator stays on for
an extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified technician.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky anti-theft system (up to a total of 8
keys). Your dealership can program your new SecuriLocky key(s) to
your vehicle or you can do it yourself using the following simple
procedure. To program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you will need
two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine). If two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys are not available (one or both of your original keys
were lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct mechanical key cut for
your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be programmed to your
vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys and
the new unprogrammed SecuriLocky key readily accessible for timely
implementation of each step in the procedure. Please read and
understand the entire procedure before you begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the
ignition and turn the ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in
RUN for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first SecuriLocky key from the
ignition.
54
Controls and features
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the second
previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at least one
second but no more than 5 seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second SecuriLocky key
from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the
unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new key) into the ignition and turn
the ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at least one
second). This step will program your new SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat this procedure from
step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument panel) will light for three seconds and then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will not operate the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash
on and off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the procedure from
step 1. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to have
the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM
With the keyless entry keypad, you
can:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
• lock or unlock the vehicle doors
without using the key
• open trunk
• disable/enable horn chirp
• disable/enable autolock
See also Remote entry system in this chapter for more information.
Your vehicle has a factory-set 5–digit code that operates the keyless
entry system. You can also program your own 5–digit personal entry
code.
55
Controls and features
The factory-set code is located:
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove compartment
• taped to the computer module
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry keypad, press the
middle of the controls to ensure a good activation.
Programming your own entry code
1. Enter the factory-set code (keypad will illuminate when pressed).
2. Press the 1/2 control within five
seconds of step 1.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Enter your personal 5 digit code.
Enter each digit within five seconds
of the previous one.
All of the vehicle doors will lock and unlock to confirm programming of
the new code.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same number or presents
them in sequential order. Thieves can easily figure out these types of
codes.
You can program up to three personal codes to unlock your vehicle.
These codes do not replace the permanent code that the dealership gave
you.
Erasing personal code
To erase all of the personal entry codes programmed to a vehicle:
1. Enter the factory-set code.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
2. Press 1/2 within 5 seconds of step
1.
3. Press and hold 1/2 for two
seconds. All of the vehicle doors will
lock and then unlock to confirm
erasure.
56
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors and releasing the trunk with the keyless entry
system
To unlock the driver door, enter either the factory-set code or personal
code (each digit pressed within 5 seconds of prior digit). The interior
lamps will illuminate.
To unlock all doors, enter the
factory-set code or personal code
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
(driver door unlocks) and press 3/4
within 5 seconds.
To release the trunk, enter the
factory-set code or personal code
(driver door unlocks) and press 5/6
within 5 seconds.
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
After the factory-set code or personal code has been entered, you can
unlock all doors (press 3/4) and release the trunk (press 5/6) as long as
the controls are pressed within 5 seconds of each other.
Locking doors with the keyless entry system
It is not necessary to enter the factory-set code prior to locking all doors.
To lock the doors:
1. Press 7/8 and 9/0 at the same
time.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
57
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Head restraints
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
Front seats
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
58
Seating and safety restraints
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Using the manual recline function (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To adjust the front seatback using
the manual recliner:
• Lift and hold the handle located
on the side of the seat.
• Lean against the seatback to
adjust it to your desired position.
You can recline the seat back or
bring it forward.
• Release the handle when the desired position has been reached.
Adjusting the power front seats – door mounted controls
The controls for the power seats are located on the inside of each front
door.
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
59
Seating and safety restraints
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Press the control to recline the
seatback forward or backward (if
equipped).
Press to move the seat forward or
backward.
Press to move the front portion of
the seat cushion up or down.
60
Seating and safety restraints
Press to move the rear portion of
the seat cushion up or down.
Adjusting the power seats – seat mounted controls
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
The power seat controls are located
on the side of the driver’s seat.
Press to raise or lower the seat, or
to move the seat forward or
backward.
Using the power lumbar support
The power lumbar control is located
on the outboard side of the seat.
Press one side of the control to
adjust firmness.
Press the other side of the control
to adjust softness.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
61
Seating and safety restraints
To prevent the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)
Never swing it around your neck over the inside shoulder. 3) Never use
a single belt for more than one person.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a snap
and feel it latch. Make sure the
tongue is securely fastened in the
buckle.
62
Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front and rear seat passenger
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of 8
km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in the vehicle. Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
63
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
64
Seating and safety restraints
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of
the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjustment assembly to make sure it
is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt
height adjuster so that the
belt rests across the middle of
your shoulder. Failure to adjust
the safety belt properly could
reduce the effectiveness of the
safety belt and increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
65
Seating and safety restraints
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle. To lengthen the belt, turn
the tongue at a right angle to the
belt and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
66
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes
and the warning chime sounds for
four to eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies (slide bar)(if equipped), shoulder belt height adjusters (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
asembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
67
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
AIR
SUSP
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
H
PANEL
DIM
AUTO
LAMP
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
60 70
100
80
120
140
E
BRAKE
90
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
100
180
20
200
MPH
km/h
P RND21
110
120
FM1
BASS
160
40
20
FUEL
L
80
60
30
F
VOLTS
0FF
HTEMP
H
TREB
CLK
ST
10:35
BAL
FADE
CD
TAPE
AMS
OIL
SEEK
C
L
SCAN
EJ
w
f
DOLBY B NR
TUNE
1
2
3
4
5
REW
SIDE
FF
1-2
6
PUSH INTERIOR
HI
LO
R.DEF.
S
OFF
RSM
F
ON
H
M
SET
ACC
OFF
COAST
OFF
F
NORM A/C
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
properly wear their safety belts even when air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always use appropriate child restraints.
NHTSA recommends a minimum distance of at least 25.4 cm
(ten [10] inches) between an occupant’s chest and the air bag
module.
68
Seating and safety restraints
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat one or two notches from the upright position.
The right front passenger air bag is not designed to restrain
occupants in the center front seating position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
69
Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration
sufficient to cause the sensors to
close an electrical circuit that
initiates air bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor burns, abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there
is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not
properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
70
Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately . If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
AIR
BAG
71
Seating and safety restraints
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, place children in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident
statistics suggest that children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
72
Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the release button, to prevent accidental
unbuckling.
73
Seating and safety restraints
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
Rear facing child seats should NEVER be placed in the front
seats.
74
Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle for that seating
position until you hear and feel the
latch engage. Make sure the tongue
is latched securely by pulling on it.
S
ES
PR
75
Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
76
Seating and safety restraints
Installing a child safety seat in the center rear seating position
with adjustable lap belt
1. Lengthen the lap belt. To lengthen the belt, hold the tongue so that its
bottom is perpendicular to the direction of webbing while sliding the
tongue up the webbing.
2. Place the child safety seat in the center seating position.
3. Route the tongue and webbing through the child seat according to the
child seat manufacturer’s instructions.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle for the center seating
position until you hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened to the buckle by pulling on tongue.
5. Push down on the child seat while pulling on the loose end of the lap
belt webbing to tighten the belt.
6. Before placing the child into the child seat, forcibly tilt the child seat
from side to side and in forward direction to make sure that the seat is
held securely in place. If the child seat moves excessively, repeat steps 5
through 6, or properly install the child seat in a different position.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
Attachment holes (at each rear seating position) have been provided in
your vehicle to attach anchor hardware, if required. Tether anchorage
hardware kits (part number 613D74) including instructions, may be
obtained at no charge from any Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. All
vehicles built for sale in Canada include a tether anchor hardware kit.
Be sure to follow the child safety seat manufacturer’s instructions.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
77
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
78
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
HOOD
BRAKE
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
79
Starting
AIR
SUSP
TRAC
CNTL
LOW
FUEL
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
60
H
30
F
VOLTS
20
C
140
0000000
E
F
0 0 0
MPH
0
90
100
160
200
km/h
S
SPEED CONTROL
110
120
km
km/h
MPH
AIR
BAG
LTR
GAL
TO
EMPTY
E
HTEMP
H
OIL
C
L
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
1/2
–
AIR
BAG
BRAKE
20
CHECK
ENGINE
H
80
120
180
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
100
80
40
FUEL
L
N
O
R
M
60 70
+
LTR/100 km
DIST TO
EMPTY
AVG
ECON
INST
ECON
TRIP
A
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
PRN D 21
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the light ( ) will not illuminate.
80
Starting
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return
to 4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the temperature is above 12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start in fifteen seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait ten
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while holding the
accelerator down to the floor. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
81
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals know to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
82
Driving
BRAKES
Your brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the “Service Guide” for scheduled
maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder
in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a
qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking with loss of front braking traction.
83
Driving
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster illuminates for about
five seconds when starting the vehicle. If an ABS fault is detected, the
light will remain on, the ABS system is disabled with normal braking still
effective, and your vehicle should be serviced as soon as possible.
Normal braking is still effective
BRAKE
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
also illuminated.
!
P
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake with auto-release
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked.
To set the parking brake:
1. Move the gearshift to P (Park).
2. Push pedal downward.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is fully released.
HOOD
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
84
Driving
The parking brake is not designed to stop a moving vehicle. However, if
the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop your
vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the rear
brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Your vehicle has an automatic parking brake release. To release the
parking brake:
1. Turn the ignition to the RUN position.
2. Press the brake pedal.
3. Move the gearshift from the P (Park) position to one of the forward
gears (the parking brake will not release automatically when you shift
into reverse). The brake pedal must remain pressed while the gearshift is
moved.
If the parking brake fails to release
after completing this procedure, use
the manual parking brake release
lever.
Pull the lever to manually release
the parking brake.
HOOD
TRACTION CONTROLY (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with the optional Traction Controly
system. This system helps maintain the stability and steerability of your
vehicle. It is especially useful on slippery and/or hilly road surfaces. The
system operates by detecting and controlling wheel spin. The system
borrows many of the electronic and mechanical elements already present
in the anti-lock braking system (ABS).
Wheel-speed sensors allow excess rear wheel spin to be detected by the
Traction Controly portion of the ABS computer. Any excessive wheel
spin is controlled by automatically applying and releasing the rear brakes
in conjunction with engine torque reductions. Engine torque reduction is
realized via the fully electronic spark and fuel injection systems. This
process is very sensitive to driving conditions and very fast acting. The
rear wheels “search” for optimum traction several times a second and
adjustment are made accordingly.
85
Driving
The Traction Controly system will allow your vehicle to make better use
of available traction on slippery surfaces. The system is a driver aid
which makes your vehicle easier to handle primarily on snow and ice
covered roads.
During Traction Controly operation you may hear an electric motor type
of sound coming from the engine compartment and the engine will not
“rev-up” when you push further on the accelerator. This is normal
system behavior.
If you should become stuck in snow or ice or on a very slippery road
surface, try switching the Traction Controly system off. This may allow
excess wheel spin to “dig” the vehicle out and enable a successful
“rocking” maneuver.
If the Traction Controly system is cycled excessively, the brake portion
of the system will shut down to prevent the rear brakes from
overheating. A limited Traction Controly function using only engine
torque reduction will still control wheels from over-spinning. When the
rear brakes have cooled down, the system will again function normally.
Anti-lock braking is not affected by this condition and will function
normally during the cool down period.
If the engine coolant temperature is below −23°C (−10°F) the engine
torque reduction portion of the Traction Controly system is NOT active.
The system will operate normally when the engine coolant warms up.
The traction control indicator
flashes during a Traction Controly
system event.
If the traction control indicator
comes on and stays lit, either:
• the Traction Controly system
requires service, or
• the customer has disabled the
system using the traction control switch.
The Traction Controly system will be on every time you turn the ignition
key from OFF to ON until you deactivate the system using the traction
control switch in the glove compartment.
TRAC
CNTL
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
86
Driving
Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running. This action
could damage the power steering pump.
Speed sensitive steering
The steering in your vehicle is speed sensitive. At high speeds, steering
assist will decrease to improve steering feel. At lower speeds,
maneuverability will be increased.
If the amount of effort required to steer your vehicle changes at a
constant vehicle speed, have the power steering system checked by your
dealer or a qualified service technician.
AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and
general vehicle performance during:
• certain road conditions
• steering maneuvers
• braking
• accelerations
This system keeps the rear of your vehicle at a constant level by
automatically adding air or releasing air from the springs.
The air suspension shut-off switch is
AIR SUSPENSION
located on the left side of the trunk.
SWITCH
If this switch is in the OFF position,
INTERRUPTEUR DE
the rear air suspension will not
LA SUSPENSION
operate.
PNEUMATIQUE
WARNING
OFF
On vehicles equipped with
To prevent sudden
vehicle movement,
Air Suspension, turn OFF
turn off air suspenthe Air Suspension switch prior to
sion switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or
jacking, hoisting or towing your
towing vehicle.
OFF-ARRET
vehicle.
AVERTISSEMENT
Normal vehicle operation does not
require any action by the driver.
Pour prévenir tout mouvement soudain du véhicule, placer à l'arrêt l'interrupteur de la suspension
pneumatique avant de lever to véhicule (cric ou
pont élévateur) ou de le remorquer.
87
Driving
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown and the vehicle’s brakelamps may not be
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
88
Driving
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from position to position. If you do not hold the brake pedal
down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park). This position locks the
transmission and prevents the rear
wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is running.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
Overdrive
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
89
Driving
Overdrive can be deactivated by
pressing the transmission control
switch on the gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive
Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission control
switch on the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the Drive position. The
O/D OFF indicator will illuminate in the instrument cluster. Transmission
operates in gears one through three. Drive provides more engine braking
than Overdrive and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Towing a trailer chapter.
To return to Overdrive mode, press the transmission control switch. The
O/D OFF indicator light will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal Overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if the Overdrive
mode is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
90
Driving
Overdrive. Selecting 1 (Low) at higher speeds causes the transmission to
shift to a lower gear, and will shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to
the proper speed.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) : Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying capacity for each
axle system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower weight capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher weight limit than the
originals do not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle is classified as a light duty towing vehicle. It does not come
from the factory fully equipped to tow. No towing packages are available
through Ford or Mercury/Lincoln dealers. Do not tow a trailer until your
vehicle has been driven at least 3 200 km (2 000 miles).
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these components
carefully after towing.
91
Driving
The amount of weight your loaded trailer should be no more than 907 kg
(2 000 lbs.).
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a load
carrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10 –
15% of the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
92
Driving
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to the Severe Duty Schedule in your
“Service Guide” for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
93
Driving
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (six inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions and reliability.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
changed. Axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked unless a leak is
suspected.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (truck)/wheel rims (car).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
FUEL CONSUMPTION
Fuel economy can be improved by avoiding:
• lack of regular, scheduled maintenance.
• excessive speed.
• rapid acceleration.
• extended idle.
94
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the button on the switch.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
95
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located on the left side of the trunk
behind the trunk liner.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
96
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
Fuse rating
5 amp
7.5 amp
10 amp
15 amp
20 amp
20 amp fuse link
25 amp
30 amp
30 amp fuse link
40 amp fuse link
50 amp fuse link
60 amp fuse link
80 amp fuse link
100 amp fuse link
Color
Tan
Brown
Red
Light blue
Yellow
Light blue
Natural
Light green
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Black
Dark blue
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
97
Roadside emergencies
18
16
17
14
15
12
11
10
13
8
7
6
3
4
2
9
5
1
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
98
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
15A
Brake Pedal Position (BPP) Switch,
Multi-Function Switch, Speed Control
30A
Wiper Control Module, Windshield Wiper
Motor
—
Not Used
15A
Lighting Control Module, Main Light Switch
15A
Backup Lamps, Variable Assist Power
Steering (VAPS), Turn Signals, Air
Suspension, Daytime Running Lamps,
Electronic Day/Night Mirror, Shift Lock,
EATC, Speed Chime Warning
15A
Speed Control, Main Light Switch, Lighting
Control Module, Clock, Police Power Relay
25A
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) Power
Diode, Ignition Coils
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
15A
Lighting Control Module, Power Mirrors,
PATS Module, Keyless Entry, Clock
Memory, Electronic Automatic Temperature
Control (EATC), Power Windows, Police
Spot Light, SecuriLock
30A
Blower Motor, A/C-Heater Mode Switch
10A
Air Bag Module
5A
Radio
18A CB
Lighting Control Module, Flash-to-Pass,
Main Light Switch
15A
Warning Lamps, Analog Cluster Gauges and
Indicators, Electronic Automatic
Transmission, Lighting Control Module
20A CB
Window/Door Lock Control, Driver’s Door
Module, One Touch Down
10A
Anti-Lock Brakes, Instrument Cluster,
Transmission Control Switch
20A
Cigar Lighter
10A
Rear Defrost
10A
Air Bag Module
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The
power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
99
17
RELAY
4
16
14
6
8
13
5
15
12
4
7
11
3
RELAY
3
10
2
1
9
RELAY
1
RELAY
2
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A*
30A*
25A*
30A*
15A*
20A*
20A CB
8
9
30A**
50A**
100
Description
Electric Fuel Pump Relay
Generator, Starter Relay, Fuses 15 and 18
Radio, CD Changer, Subwoofer Amplifier
Police Power Relay
Horn Relay
DRL Module
Power door Locks, Power Seats, Trunk Lid
Release
Air Suspension System
See Fuses 5 and 9
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
10
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
50A**
See Fuses 1, 2, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13 and Circuit
Breaker 14
11
40A**
See Fuses 4, 8, 16 and Circuit Breaker 12
12
30A**
PCM Power Relay, PCM, Natural Gas
Vehicle Module
13
50A**
High Speed Cooling Fan Relay
14
40A**
Rear Window Defrost Relay, Also see Fuse
17
15
50A**
Anti-Lock Brake Module
16
50A**
Police Option Fuse Holder
17
30A**
Cooling Fan Relay
Relay 1
—
Rear Defrost Relay
Relay 2
—
Horn Relay
Relay 3
—
Cooling Fan Relay
Relay 4
—
Air Suspension Pump Relay, Police Power
Relay
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary or full-size spare tire. The temporary
spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller than a regular
tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace this tire with a
full-size tire as soon as possible.
101
Roadside emergencies
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
If the mini-spare tire is used as a replacement for a rear wheel:
• Turn off the traction control switch (if equipped).
• Turn off the air suspension switch (if equipped).
Anti-theft lug nuts (if equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with this
feature, one of the lug nuts on each
wheel must be removed and
replaced with a special key. The key
and registration card are attached to
the lug wrench and stored with the spare tire. If you lose the key, send
the registration card to the manufacturer (not the dealer) to get a
replacement key. If the lug wrench/lug nut key assembly is lost, see your
nearest Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealer who has access to the master set
of keys. Do not use an impact wrench with the anti-theft key.
Removing the anti-theft lug nut
1. Insert the key over the locking lug nut. Make sure you hold the key
square to the lug nut. If you hold the key at an angle, you could damage
the key and the lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and apply pressure on
the key with the wrench.
3. Turn the wrench in a counterclockwise direction to remove the lug
nut.
102
Roadside emergencies
Reinstalling the anti-theft lug nut
1. Insert the key over the locking lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and apply pressure on
the key with the wrench.
3. Install the lug nut.
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
1. Park on a level surface, activate hazard flashers and set parking brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park).
3. Remove the spare tire, jack and
lug wrench.
4. Locate pry off notch (if
equipped) and remove the center
ornament from the aluminum wheel
with the tapered end of the wheel
nut wrench that came with your
vehicle. Insert and twist the handle,
then pry against the wheel.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground. Refer to
Anti-theft lug nuts for information
on removing anti-theft lug nuts.
103
Roadside emergencies
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
WARNING
Refer to Air suspension system in
the Driving chapter for more
information.
To prevent sudden
vehicle movement,
turn off air suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or
towing vehicle.
OFF
OFF-ARRET
AVERTISSEMENT
Pour prévenir tout mouvement soudain du véhicule, placer à l'arrêt l'interrupteur de la suspension
pneumatique avant de lever to véhicule (cric ou
pont élévateur) ou de le remorquer.
6. Put the jack in the jack notch
next to the door closest to the tire
you are changing. Turn the jack
handle clockwise until the wheel is
completely off the ground.
7. Remove the lug nuts with the lug
wrench. Replace the flat tire with
the spare tire, making sure the valve
stem is facing outward. Reinstall lug
nuts until the wheel is snug against
the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been
lowered.
8. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
9. Remove the jack and fully tighten
1
the lug nuts in the order shown.
10. Put flat tire, jack and lug wrench
3
4
away.
11. Turn on the air suspension
switch.
5
104
2
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which burns skin, eyes, and
clothing.
Preparing your vehicle
Also see the label on the battery.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle. If you connect your
battery to a 24–volt power supply you can damage your starter,
ignition system and other electrical components.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure they do not touch. Set the parking brake on both vehicles
and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
105
Roadside emergencies
–
–
Connecting the jumper cables
1. Position the vehicles so that they
do not touch one another.
1
4
2. Switch off the engine. Switch off
any unnecessary electrical
+
equipment.
3. Connect the positive (+) terminal
of the discharged battery (1) to the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (2).
3
4. Connect one end of the second
lead to the negative (-) terminal of
2
the booster battery (3) and the
other end to a metal part of the
engine to be started (4), not to the
negative (-) terminal of the discharged battery.
5. Make sure that the jump leads are clear of moving parts of the engine.
+
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
Jump starting
1. Start the booster vehicle and run the engine at moderately increased
speed.
2. Start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
3. Once the engine has been started, run both engines for a further three
minutes before disconnecting the leads.
106
Roadside emergencies
4
1
+
–
–
+
Removing the jumper cables
1. Remove the jumper cables in
reverse order. Take the cable off the
metallic engine surface (1) first,
followed by the cable on the
negative (-) booster battery terminal
(2).
2. Remove the cable from the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (3) and then the discharged
battery (4).
3. After the disabled vehicle has
been started, allow it to idle for a
while so the engine can “relearn” its
idle conditions.
2
3
107
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with slingbelt equipment. Ford Motor Company
has not developed or approved a T-hook or slingbelt towing procedure.
Before your vehicle can be towed, the air suspension control in the
luggage compartment must be turned to the OFF position (if equipped).
When calling for a tow truck, tell the operator what kind of vehicle you
have. A towing manual is available from Ford Motor Company for all
authorized tow truck operators. Have your tow truck driver refer to this
manual for proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
108
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a “Service Guide” which makes tracking routine service
easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, avoid wearing loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair that could get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in the
Battery section in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
109
Maintenance and care
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front of the hood.
3. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.
110
HOOD
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
9
2
1
3
4
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
7
6
5
Brake fluid reservoir
Engine oil dipstick
Engine oil filler cap
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Power steering fluid reservoir
Engine coolant reservoir
Battery
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
111
Maintenance and care
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the 9Service Guide9 for the appropriate intervals for checking
the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
112
Maintenance and care
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the MIN and MAX ranges, add only
certified engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil
filler cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the dipstick.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification mark.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute.
113
Maintenance and care
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the “Service Guide”.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
Changing the engine oil and filter
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the “Service Guide”.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed at least once each
year:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
114
Maintenance and care
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
MIN
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
symbol.
highlighted with a
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
115
Maintenance and care
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir. Refer to the
“Service Guide” for service interval
schedules. Be sure to read and
understandPrecautions when
servicing your vehicle in this
chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the above recommended
interval, the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs,
add engine coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine
coolant maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
Do not mix conventional green coolant, orange coolant or
recycled coolants together in your vehicle. Use only the type of
coolant that your vehicle was originally equipped with . If you are
unsure which type of coolant your vehicle requires, contact your
local dealer.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
water to the engine coolant reservoir-DO NOT ADD DIRECTLY TO THE
RADIATOR. Add straight water only in an emergency, but you should
replace it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as soon as
possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the next few times you
drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the reservoir.
116
Maintenance and care
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed
in the “Service Guide”.
Before adding engine coolant, check the color of the coolant in your
vehicle.
For vehicles with green coolant, use Ford Premium Cooling System
Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an equivalent
premium engine coolant that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A.
Do not add orange coolant or recycled coolant to your vehicle
originally equipped with conventional green coolant.
For vehicles with orange coolant, use Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant F6AZ-19544–AA or a DEX-COOLt equivalent that meets Ford
specification WSS-M97B44–D.
Do not add conventional green coolant or recycled coolant to
your vehicle originally equipped with orange coolant.
Do not use alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine coolants mixed
with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. Do not use supplemental coolant
additives in your vehicle. These additives may harm your engine cooling
system. The use of an improper coolant may void your warranty of your
vehicle’s engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
117
Maintenance and care
For vehicles with green coolant, not all coolant recycling processes
produce coolant which meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use
of such coolant may harm engine and cooling system components.
For vehicles with orange coolant, no recycling process has been
approved at this time and use of such coolant may harm engine and
cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the engine
coolant concentration above 60%. Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and water in your vehicle year-round in non-extreme climates.
118
Maintenance and care
How fail-safe cooling works
• Standard cluster
HTEMP
C
• Optional cluster
H
N
O
R
M
C
If the engine overheats, the engine will automatically switch to
alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled cylinder acts as an air
pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs:
• if your vehicle is equipped with analog gauges, the engine coolant
temperature gauge will move to the H (hot) area
• if your vehicle is equipped with digital gauges, the engine coolant
temperature gauge will illuminate all eight bars and a tone will sound
every five seconds for a minute
symbol will illuminate
• the
• the Check Engine indicator light will illuminate.
The vehicle will still operate, however:
• the engine power will be limited.
• the air conditioning system will be disabled.
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature:
119
Maintenance and care
• the
symbol will begin to flash.
• if your vehicle is equipped with digital gauges, the gauge bars will
flash and a tone will sound continuously for thirty seconds.
• the engine will completely shut down, causing steering and braking
effort to increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high-speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Re-start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
120
Maintenance and care
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the “Service Guide” for the
service interval schedules. If adding
fluid is necessary, use only
MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add
fluid if the level is in this range.
POW
NG
RI
NOT
DO
ERFILL
OV
STE
ER UI E
FL D
MAX
MIN
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the range between the MIN and MAX lines. Be
sure to put the cap back on the reservoir.
121
Maintenance and care
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking and adding automatic transmission fluid
Follow the scheduled service intervals outlined in the “Service Guide.”
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is below the bottom hole on
DON’T ADD
the dipstick and outside
temperatures are above 10°C (50°F)
(see figure to the right).
Your transmission does not use up fluid. However, it is recommended
that you check the transmission fluid at least twice a year. The fluid level
should be checked if the transmission is not working properly, i.e., if the
transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid
leakage.
Transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating temperatures
66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal operating
temperature can be reached after approximately 32 km (20 miles) of
driving.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
DON’T ADD
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]) (see figure to the
right).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at room temperature
DON’T ADD
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]) (see figure
to the right).
122
Maintenance and care
If your vehicle has been operated for an extended period at high speeds,
in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should
be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow the fluid to cool before
checking.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
2. With the parking brake engaged
P R N D 2 1
and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the
gear ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
3. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
4. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
5. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
6. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid level should
be within the top hole area on the dipstick.
7. If necessary, add fluid in 250ml (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
8. If an overfill occurs, excess fluid should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
If the fluid level is above the
crosshatch (hot operating range)
area after driving the vehicle for
approximately 30 km (20 miles),
excess transmission fluid should be
removed by a qualified technician.
DON’T ADD
123
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the “Service Guide” for the service
interval schedules.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water. Reinstall the cables when
you are done cleaning them, and apply a small quantity of grease to the
top of each battery terminal to help prevent corrosion.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
124
Maintenance and care
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle conditions before your vehicle will drive properly. To
begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle, the idle quality of
your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle is eventually
relearned.
• If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been
installed, the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once
the battery is reconnected.
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Maintenance and care
R
TU
LE
AD
RE
N
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local standards for
disposal. Call your local recycling
center to find out more about
recycling automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
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Maintenance and care
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire grade 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
grade 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are A, B, and C, and they
represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under
test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking
(straight ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering
(turning) traction.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the Tire
Pressure Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the “Service Guide.” If you notice that the tires
wear unevenly, have them checked.
128
Maintenance and care
• Four tire rotation (for vehicles
with aluminum wheels)
• Five tire rotation (for vehicles
with steel wheels and full size
spare tires)
129
Maintenance and care
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier to lose control and roll
over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels )of the same size and specifications) be used as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
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Maintenance and care
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the pressure in the fuel
tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work improperly
in a collision.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel cap is venting
vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
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Maintenance and care
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing (MMT).
Vehicles certified to meet California emission standards (indicated on the
underhood Vehicle Emissions Control Information label) are designed to
operate on California reformulated gasolines. If California reformulated
gasoline is not available when you refuel, your vehicle can be operated
on non-California fuels. However, even though your engine will perform
adequately on other gasolines, the performance of the emission control
devices and systems may be adversely affected.
Repair of damage caused by using a fuel for which your vehicle was not
designed may not be covered by your warranty.
132
Maintenance and care
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend gasolines labeled as
(R+M)/2 METHOD
“Regular” that are sold with octane
ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
The American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) issued a
fuel specification to provide information on high quality fuels that
optimize the performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use of
fuels that meet the AAMA specification if they are available.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high-quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Do not use gasolines containing methanol, which can damage critical fuel
system components. Damage resulting from the use of methanol may not
be covered by your warranty.
133
Maintenance and care
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times before the system
starts to pump fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Your “Check Engine” light may come on. For more information on the
“Check Engine” light, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
Calculating fuel economy
To accurately calculate your vehicle’s fuel economy:
1. Fill the tank completely and record the initial odometer reading.
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five fuel tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and
record the current mileage reading.
4. Use one of the following equations to calculate fuel economy.
Liters used x 100 4 Total kilometers traveled
Total miles traveled 4 Total gallons used
Keep a record for at least one month. This will provide an accurate
estimate of the vehicle’s fuel economy.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your “Service Guide” performed according to
the specified schedule.
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Maintenance and care
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the “Service Guide” are
essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its emissions
system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Lumination of the charging system warning light, “Check Engine” light or
the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or loss
of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission control system is not
working properly.
If you smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle, have
the dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do not drive
if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and could kill
you.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, items, sells,
leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not permitted
to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent it from
working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on the
Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II) system. If your “Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights
and Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may
not pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light
on.
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Maintenance and care
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the OBD-II system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city
and highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position, then open the hood.
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Maintenance and care
2. Remove the protective cover by turning the three knobs to the unlock
position.
3. Disengage the safety snap on the connector by pulling upward slightly
on the clip.
4. Release clip and disconnect the
electrical connector from the bulb.
5. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) about 1/8
turn to free it from the bulb socket,
and slide the ring off the plastic
base. Keep the ring to retain the
new bulb.
6. With out turning, remove the old bulb from the lamp assembly by
gently pulling it straight back out of the lamp assembly.
To install the new bulb:
1. With the flat side of the new
bulb’s plastic base facing upward,
insert the glass end of the bulb into
the lamp assembly. Turn the bulb
left or right to align the grooves in
the plastic base with the tabs in the
lamp assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the
lamp assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp
assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating it clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it snaps, locking it into position.
4. Install the protective cover over headlamps locking it in place with
three knobs.
5. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
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Maintenance and care
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position, then open the hood.
2. Remove the protective cover by turning the three knobs to the unlock
position.
3. Disengage the safety snap on the connector by pulling upward slightly
on the clip.
4. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb socket.
5. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise about ¼ turn and
remove from lamp assembly.
6. Carefully pull bulb straight out of the socket and push in the new
bulb.
7. To complete installation, follow the removal procedure in reverse
order.
Replacing tail lamp/backup bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
High-mount brakelamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Replacing sidemarker and cornering lamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The alignment of your headlamps should be checked by a qualified
service technician if:
• Oncoming motorists frequently signal you to deactivate your high
beams, and your high beams are not activated.
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Maintenance and care
• The headlamps do not seem to provide enough light for clear night
vision.
• The headlamp beams are pointed substantially away from a slightly
down and to the right position.
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
Using the right bulbs
Function
Trade Number
Headlamp
9007
Park lamp and turn lamp (front)
3457 NAK
Side marker (front)
194 NA
Cornering lamp (front)
3156K
Tail, stop, turn (rear)
3157 K
Side marker (rear)
194
Backup lamp
3156K
License plate lamp
168
High-mount brakelamp
912
Luggage compartment lamp
212-2
Dome lamp
906
Rear reading lamp
211-2
Map lamp
168
Illuminated visor mirror
168
Dual floorwell lamp
906
Glove compartment
168
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
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Maintenance and care
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance Guide” for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to remove any bugs and tar before waxing
vehicle. Use tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have wax applied at a
commercial car wash, it is recommended that you clean the wiper blades
and windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper blades and
windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
touch-up paint, repair foil or aerosol paint spray from the Ford accessory
line. Observe the application instructions on the products.
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Maintenance and care
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
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Maintenance and care
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield such as tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the non-abrasive
Bon-Amit powder. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. Do not use
abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water. The
windshield and wiper blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and
blades or rubber elements replaced when worn.
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Maintenance and care
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
For routine cleaning, wipe the surface with a soft, damp cloth. For more
thorough cleaning, wipe the surface with a mild soap.
If the leather cannot be completely cleaned using a mild soap and water
solution, the leather may be cleaned using a commercially available
cleaning product “Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner” and a 3M “Type T’
scrubbing pad by using the following steps;
The type of scrubbing pad is very critical because the common 3M
“Scotch Brite” green pad is too aggressive and will damage the
leather surface
• Spray a small amount of the leather cleaner on the pad and rub the
area to be cleaned with the pad using a circular motion. Only clean 1/4
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Maintenance and care
of the area at a time. For heavily soiled areas, spray the cleaner
directly onto the leather (two squirts should be adequate) and rub
with the pad. Repeat if necessary.
• Use a soft, damp cloth to remove the loosened dirt and foam.
• Dry with a soft cloth.
Do not use household cleaners, glass cleaner, alcohol solutions or
cleaner intended for vinyl, rubber or plastics. These products can
damage the leather.
In some instances, color or dye transfer can occur when wet
clothing (wool, denim, leathers or other non-colorfast garments)
comes in contact with leather upholstery. If this occurs, the
leather should be cleaned immediately to avoid permanent
staining.
“Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner” (product number AS-300) is
available from “First Brands” by calling 1–800–726–1001. This product
may also be available at many local automotive after market stores.
3M “Type T” Clean And Finish Scrubbing Pads (UPC 04011–01276) are
available through your local 3M distributor. Call 1–800–742–9649 for the
nearest distributor in your area.
PART NUMBER
(Obtain Locally)
(Obtain Locally)
PART NAME
Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner
3M 9Type T9 Clean and Finish
Scrubbing Pads
Inside windows
Use glass cleaner for the inside windows if they become fogged.
144
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter
Fuel filter
Battery (standard)
Battery (optional)
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
FA-1032
FG-800A
BXT-59
BXT-65-650
FL-820-S
EV-98
AWSF-32PP
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must be reinstalled in the
same cylinder. Cylinders No. 1, 2, 3 and 4 have a 9PG9 suffix and
Cylinders No. 5, 6, 7 and 8 have a 9P9 suffix. If a spark plug needs to be
replaced, use only spark plugs with the service number suffix letter as
shown on the engine decal.
145
Capacities and specifications
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Engine oil (includes
filter change)
Brake fluid
Ford Part Name
Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil
High Performance DOT 3
Motor Vehicle Brake Fluid
Power steering fluid Motorcraft MERCONt ATF
Transmission fluid
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF
Engine coolant
Fuel tank
Rear axle fluid2
1
Windshield washer
fluid
1
N/A
Motorcraft SAE 80W90
Rear Axle Lubricant
Ultra-Clear Windshield
Washer Concentrate
Capacity
4.7L (5.0 quarts)
Fill to line on
reservoir
Fill to line on
reservoir
13.1L (13.9 quarts)
15.0L (15.8 quarts)
71.9L (19.0 gallons)
1.8-1.9L (3.75-4.0
pints)
Fill to line on
reservoir
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford Premium Cooling
System Fluid. If your coolant is orange in color, use Ford Extended Life
Engine Coolant. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
2
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
Rear axles are considered lubricated for life when the vehicle is used for
normal service. See your “Service Guide” for Severe Duty requirements.
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Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Ford part name
Brake fluid
Ford part
number
C6AZ-19542-AB
High Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake Fluid
Door
Silicone Lubricant C0AZ-19553-AA
weatherstrips
and
D7AZ-19553-AA
Engine
Ford Premium
E2FZ-19549-AA
coolant
Engine Coolant
(green in color)
Ford Extended Life F6AZ-19544-AA
Engine Coolant
(orange in color)
Engine oil
Motorcraft 5W30
XO-5W30-QSP
Super Premium
Motor Oil
Hinges,
latches,
striker
plates, fuel
filler door
hinge and
seat tracks
Lock
cylinders
Power
steering fluid
Automatic
transmission
(4R70W)
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Penetrating
Lubricant
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF
Ford
specification
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
ESR-M13P4-A
ESE-M97B44-A
WSS-M97B44-D
or DEX-COOLt
equivalent
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-B or
or
ESR-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
E8AZ-19501-B
none
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
147
Capacities and specifications
Item
Ford part name
Rear axle1
Motorcraft
Premium Rear Axle
Lubricant
Ultra-Clear
C9AZ-19550-AB
Windshield Washer
Concentrate
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford part
number
XY-80W90-QL
Ford
specification
WSL-M2C197-A
ESR-M17P5-A
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower-single exhaust
Horsepower-dual exhaust
Torque-single exhaust
Torque-dual exhaust
Required fuel grade
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
281
200 @ 4250 rpm
215 @ 4500 rpm
265 lb. ft. @ 3000 rpm
275 lb. ft. @ 3000 rpm
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Overall height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track - Front
(5) Track - Rear
148
mm (in)
5 382 (211.9)
1 987 (78.2)
1 443 (56.8)
2 913 (114.4)
1 611 (63.4)
1 659 (65.3)
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
4
1
149
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Safety compliance label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Safety Compliance
Certification Label be affixed to a
vehicle and prescribe where the
Safety Compliance Certification
Label may be located. The Safety
Compliance Certification Label is
located on the front door latch pillar
on the driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel.
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
150
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
151
Index
Aiming headlamps ....................138
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ..........................................68
and child safety seats ..............69
description ................................68
disposal ......................................72
indicator light ...........................71
passenger air bag .....................70
Air conditioning
manual heating and air
conditioning system ............25,26
Air suspension
description ................................87
Anti-lock brake system
(ABS)description
Battery .......................................124
voltage gauge ............................16
Brake fluid
checking and adding ..............114
Brakes ..........................................83
anti-lock .....................................83
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light .............................84
fluid, checking and adding ....114
traction control .........................85
Brake-shift interlock ...................88
Break-in period .............................2
Bulbs, replacing ........................136
headlamps ...............................136
specifications ..........................139
Changing a tire .........................101
Child safety seats ........................73
Childproof locks ..........................48
Chime
headlamps on ............................12
Cleaning your vehicle ...............140
engine compartment .......141,142
exterior ....................................143
headlamps ...............................142
plastic parts ............................142
washing ....................................140
waxing .....................................140
152
wheels ......................................141
windows ..................................144
wiper blades ............................142
Climate control system
automatic temperature
control ...................27,28,29,30,32
Clock ............................................33
Compass, electronic ....................43
calibration .................................45
set zone adjustment .................44
Coolant (see Engine coolant)
temperature gauge ...................15
Defrost
rear window ..............................24
Emission control system ..........134
Engine
service points ..........................111
Engine block heater ...................81
Engine coolant
checking and adding ..............116
disposal ....................................117
refill capacities ........................118
Engine oil ...........................112,113
changing oil and oil filter .......114
checking and adding .......112,113
Exhaust fumes ............................82
Floor mats ...................................48
Fuel
calculating fuel economy .......134
improving fuel economy ..........94
octane rating ...........................133
quality ......................................133
running out of fuel .................134
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................131
Fuel pump shut-off switch .........95
Fuse panels
instrument panel ......................97
power distribution box .............99
Fuses .......................................96,97
Gauges, Mechanical ....................12
fuel gauge ..................................12
Index
Hazard flashers ...........................95
Headlamps ...................................23
autolamp system .......................24
daytime running lights .............24
flashing ......................................23
high beam .................................23
Heating ........................................25
High beams
indicator light .............................9
Hood
release lever ............................110
Ignition
positions of the ignition ...........35
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................143
lighting up panel and interior .23
Keyless entry system
autolock .....................................50
keypad .......................................55
programming entry code ....56,57
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............11
Lamps
headlamps ...............................136
high-mount brakelamp ...........138
interior lamps .........................139
parking lamps .........................138
tail lamps .................................138
License plate lamps ..................138
Lights, warning and indicator
air bag ..........................................8
air suspension ...........................10
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .........9,22
brake .......................................8,22
charging system ..........................9
check engine ...............................7
fuel reset .....................................6
low coolant ................................10
oil pressure ...............................10
overdrive off ..............................11
safety belt ...................................8
turn signal indicator ...................9
Lubricant specifications ...........147
Message center ...........................17
reset button .........................17,18
select button .............................18
Mirrors
automatic dimming rearview
mirror ........................................42
side view mirrors (power) .......47
Motorcraft parts ........................145
Odometer .....................................14
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................51
Parking brake ..............................84
Power door locks ........................47
Power steering
fluid, checking and adding ....121
Radio ............................................33
Refill capacities for fluids ........146
Relays ...................................96,101
Remote entry system .................48
illuminated entry ......................51
locking/unlocking doors ...........49
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................53
replacing the batteries .............52
Reporting safety defects ..........151
Safety restraints
center front lap belt .................65
cleaning the safety belts ........143
extension assembly ..................66
for children ...............................72
warning light and
chime ...............................11,66,67
Safety seats for children
attaching with tether straps ....77
in rear seat ................................77
tether anchorage hardware .....77
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ....................................61
Seats ............................................58
adjusting the seat, manual ..58,59
adjusting the seat, power ...59,61
153
Index
cleaning upholstery ................143
head restraints ..........................58
lumbar support .........................61
Servicing your vehicle ..............109
precautions when servicing ...109
Speed control ..............................36
canceling a set speed ...............38
indicator light ...........................39
resuming a set speed ...............39
tap up/tap down ..................37,38
turning off .................................36
Speed sensitive steering ............87
Speedometer ...............................13
Starting your vehicle .............78,81
starting your vehicle if the
battery is disabled ....105,106,107
Steering, power ...........................86
Tilt steering wheel ......................35
Tires ....................................127,128
changing ..................................103
checking the pressure ............128
replacing ..................................130
rotating ....................................128
snow tires and chains ............130
treadwear ................................127
Traction control
active light ................................11
Trailer towing ..............................91
tips .............................................93
Transmission .............................122
automatic operation .......88,89,90
154
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................122
Trip odometer .............................15
Trunk
remote release lever .................45
using the remote entry
system to open .........................51
Turn signal
lever ...........................................34
Universal transmitter ..................39
erasing channels .......................42
operating ...................................41
programming .............................40
Vehicle dimensions ...................148
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................150
Vehicle loading ............................91
Ventilating your vehicle .............82
Warning chimes ........................6,22
Wheels
anti-theft lug nuts ...........102,103
Windows
power windows, operating .......45
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....115
checking and replacing wiper
blades ......................................126
operation ...................................34
Wrecker towing .........................108
155
156
157
158
159
Filling station information
Recommended fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil capacity
(includes filter change)
Automatic transmission
fluid capacity
Tire pressure and size
Hood release
Coolant capacity1
Power steering fluid
capacity
1
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
71.9L (19.0 gallons)
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft 5W30
Super Premium Motor Oil, Ford Specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
13.1L (13.9 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF.
Refer to Tire Pressure Label located on the
front face of the rear passenger door jamb.
Pull handle under the left side of the
instrument panel.
15.0L (15.8 quarts)
Fill to line on reservoir. Use Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF.
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford Premium Cooling
System Fluid. If your engine coolant is orange in color, use Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
Ensure correct automatic transmission fluid is used for a specific
application. Check the container to verify the fluid is MERCONt and/or
MERCONt V approved. Some fluids have been approved as meeting both
MERCONt and MERCONt V requirements and will be labeled as such.
Fluids labeled as meeting only MERCONt or only MERCONt V
requirements must not be used interchangeably. DO NOT mix MERCONt
and MERCONt V. Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the
dipstick or on the dipstick handle. Refer to your “Service Guide” to
determine the correct service interval.
160