Specifications | Ford 1998 E-150 Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
13
Seating and safety restraints
34
Starting and driving
Starting
59
Driving
63
Roadside emergencies
77
Servicing
Maintenance and care
95
Capacities and specifications
129
Reporting safety defects
139
Index
140
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including photocopying, recording or by any information storageand retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted withoutwritten
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1997 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a warning. Read the
following section on Warnings for a
full explanation.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full use of the brakes for the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles).
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
2
Introduction
SPECIAL NOTICES
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
If your light truck is equipped with the Ford ambulance preparation
package, it may be utilized as an ambulance. Ford urges ambulance
manufacturers to follow the recommendations of the Ford incomplete
vehicle manual, Ford truck body builder’s layout book and the QVM
guidelines as well as pertinent supplements. For additional information,
please contact the Light Truck Body Builders Advisory Service
1–800–635–5560.
Use of your Ford light truck as an ambulance, without the Ford
Ambulance Preparation Package voids the Ford New Vehicle Limited
Warranty and may void the Emissions Warranties. In addition, ambulance
usage without the preparation package could cause high underbody
temperatures, overpressurized fuel and a risk of spraying fuel which
could lead to fires.
If your vehicle is equipped with the
Ford ambulance preparation
package, it will be indicated on the
Safety Certification Compliance
label. The label is located on the
driver’s side door pillar or on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. You
can determine whether the
ambulance manufacturer followed
Ford’s recommendations by directly
contacting that manufacturer. Ford
Ambulance preparation package is
only available on certain 7.3L Diesel
engine equipped vehicles.
Diesel-powered vehicles
Read the 7.3L Diesel Engine Owner’s Guide Supplement for information
regarding correct operation and maintenance of your diesel-powered
light truck.
3
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 6)
Gearshift (includes
overdrive button)
(pg. 27)
60
40 50
80
•
100
60
•
70
30 •
120
000005 •
40•
80
H
F
C
20
•140
20•km/h
90
10
E
0
•
0000
100
Auxiliary power
point*
(pg. 20)
H
L
18
- +
8
IVE
OVERDR
P R N D 2 1
RES
ON
SET
ACCEL
OFF
COAST
Headlamp control
(pg. 13)
Speed control*
(pg. 22)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 21)
*if equipped
4
Driver side air bag
(pg. 46)
Instrumentation
Climate control systems
(pg. 14)
Electronic sound system;
refer to Audio Guide
(pg. 20)
Passenger side air bag
(pg. 46)
FAN HI
LO
VENT
COOL
WARM
FM 1
AM
FM
SEEK
TUNE
FLR
MIX
FM 1
VOL-PUSH ON
REW
1
OFF
NORM
A/C
MAX
A/C
ST
BAL
BASS TREB
SCAN
FF
2
EJ
SIDE 1-2
3
DOLBY 8 NR
4
FADE
CLK
TAPE
5
6
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
H
F
C
40
30 60
20
10
0
E
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
H
120
140
20 km/h
L
18
90
8
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
BRAKE
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the position ON
BRAKE
and the engine is off. Also
!
illuminates when the parking brake
is engaged. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (If equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the engine
is off. If the light stays on, the ABS
needs to be serviced.
ABS
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the
environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet
government emission standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
6
Instrumentation
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Service Engine Soon light should
turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by
mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your vehicle serviced
at the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
7
Instrumentation
Transmission control indicator light (TCIL)
The word OFF located on the end
of the gearshift lever is the
OVERDRIVE
transmission control indicator light
(TCIL).
The TCIL may flash steadily if a
malfunction is detected. If the TCIL is flashing, contact your Ford dealer
as soon as possible. If this condition persists, damage to the transmission
could occur.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Charging system
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
and the engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously,
check for a burned-out turn signal
bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care chapter.
8
Instrumentation
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
This light will come on when the
key is in the ON position and the:
• engine coolant temperature is
very high
• engine oil pressure is low
The light serves as a notice that a system needs your attention and to
check the engine coolant temperature gauge and the engine oil pressure
gauge.
Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge and Engine oil pressure
gauge in this chapter for more information.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and either front door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
9
Instrumentation
GAUGES
H
F
E
C
40
30 60
20
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
H
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
L
18
90
8
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
40
30 60
20
10
0
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
90
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
F
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
E
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small amount of reserve fuel in
the tank. When refueling the vehicle from empty indication, the amount
of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised capacity due to
the reserve fuel.
10
Instrumentation
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
H
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
C
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
Never remove the coolant recovery cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
H
in the normal range (the area
between the “H” and “L”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
L
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level. Add oil if needed (refer to Checking
and adding engine oil in the Maintenance and care chapter). If the
oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your dealership or by a
qualified technician.
11
Instrumentation
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
18
8
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
50 60
40
30 60
20
10
0
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
10
0
12
100
70
80
120
000000
40
140
20 km/h
90
160
100
MPH 0 0 0 0
40
30 60
20
80
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
120
140
20 km/h
90
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
100
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
• Pull the headlamp control toward
you to the first position to turn
on the parking lamps, tail lamps,
license plate lamps and marker
lamps.
• Pull the headlamp control toward
you to the outer position to turn
on the headlamps (in addition to
the previous lamps).
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the highbeam headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the engine must be running
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
The Daytime Running Light (DRL) system will not illuminate the
tail lamps and parking lamps. Turn on your headlamps at dusk.
Failure to do so may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
13
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel.
• Rotate
clockwise/counterclockwise when
it is in the on position.
• Rotate fully counterclockwise to
turn on the courtesy and cargo
lamps.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
FAN
HI
OFF
FLR
LO
VENT
COOL
14
WARM
MIX
Controls and features
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
FAN
HI
LO
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
WARM
COOL
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
FLR
MIX
VENT
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
• FLR-Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air through the
floor ducts.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
• MIX-Distributes outside air through the floor ducts and the windshield
defroster ducts.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
•
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
15
Controls and features
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will help to prevent
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
FAN
HI
OFF
VENT
LO
NORM
A/C
MAX
A/C
COOL
16
WARM
FLR
MIX
Controls and features
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
HI
FAN
LO
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
WARM
COOL
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
VENT
NORM
A/C
FLR
MIX
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except VENT
and FLR. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
17
Controls and features
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than NORM A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the
vehicle faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This
mode can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• NORM A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX
A/C but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air will not be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
• FLR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air through
the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• MIX-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts and
the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided
in this mode. For added customer comfort, when the temperature
control knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full cold
positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly
warmer than the air sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
•
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will prevent your
windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
18
Controls and features
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Auxiliary heater and air conditioner (if equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with a factory installed auxiliary unit, the
front control panel will include separate controls for the front and rear
fans.
In addition an auxiliary unit fan
OFF
control is located in the headliner at
a location between the front and
rear seats.
HI
19
Controls and features
• To control the auxiliary fan with
this control, the rear fan switch
on the front control unit must be
in the rear control position.
• The auxiliary unit does not
provide for mixing of hot and
cold air. Adjustment of
temperature in the rear may be
accomplished by increasing or
decreasing the rear fan speed.
REAR
HI
LO
REAR
CTRL
OFF
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
The auxiliary power point is located
on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical
accessories into the cigarette lighter.
Use the power point.
AUDIO SYSTEM
Refer to the “Audio Guide” for instructions on how to operate the audio
system.
20
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard lights
control in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
21
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
22
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET ACC/SET ACCEL. For
speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Release the control when
the desired vehicle speed is
reached or
• Press and release SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Each press will increase
the set speed by 1.6 km/h
(1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal, then press and release SET
ACC/SET ACCEL.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
23
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET ACC/SET
ACCEL.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
24
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
25
Controls and features
TILT STEERING (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
26
Controls and features
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts to second, third and
fourth gear.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the end of the gearshift lever.
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
OVERDRIVE OFF
to normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL (the word OFF) will no
longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
27
Controls and features
INTERIOR LAMPS
OFF DOOR ON
Cargo and dome lamps
Rear cargo lamps equipped with an
ON/OFF/DOOR control will light
when:
• the doors are closed and the
switch is in the ON position.
• the switch is in the DOOR
position and any door is open.
• the switch is in the DOOR
position and the front door
handle is lifted.
• the instrument panel dimmer switch is turned to the courtesy lamp
position.
When the cargo lamp switch is in the OFF position, it will not illuminate
when you open the doors or turn the headlamp control.
Front and rear courtesy/reading lamps
Rotate the lens to illuminate the
lamp.
With the lens in the flat position,
the courtesy lamp lights when:
• any door is opened.
• when the instrument panel
dimmer switch is turned to the
courtesy lamp position.
• the front door handle is lifted.
28
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
29
Controls and features
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left mirror or
to adjust the right mirror.
1. Select
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
30
LOC
K
U
LOCN
K
PAN
IC
Controls and features
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The doors
will lock again, the horn will chirp
and the lamps will flash.
LOC
K
U
LOCN
K
PAN
IC
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
LOC
K
U
LOCN
K
PAN
IC
Replacing the batteries
The transmitter is powered by two coin type three-volt lithium batteries.
Typical operating range will allow you to be up to 10 meters (33 feet)
away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating range can be caused by:
• battery weakness due to time and use
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
31
Controls and features
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the batteries:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
batteries down. Refer to the diagram
inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer for reprogramming if:
• a transmitter is lost or
• you want to purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed).
To reprogram the transmitters, place
the key in the ignition and switch
from OFF to ON five times in rapid
succession (within 10 seconds).
After doors lock/unlock, press any button on all transmitters
(up to four). When completed, switch the ignition to OFF.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
LOC
K
U
LOCN
K
PAN
IC
Reprogramming transmitters
To reprogram all transmitters, place the key in the ignition and switch
from OFF to ON eight times in a row (within 10 seconds). After doors
lock/unlock, press any button on all transmitters (up to four). When
completed, switch the ignition to OFF.
All transmitters must be reprogrammed at the same time.
32
Controls and features
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the START or ACC position. The dome lamp switch (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
33
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Front seats
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
34
Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.
Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
35
Seating and safety restraints
Using the manual lumbar support
Turn the lumbar support control
clockwise to increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
counterclockwise to increase
softness.
Rear bench seat
To remove the seats:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the seat by inserting a key or
small screwdriver into the slot in the
detachable anchor and lifting
upward.
36
Seating and safety restraints
Stow the tongue end of the
detachable anchor.
2. Lift and rotate the LH/RH seat latch handles rearward.
3. Lift the LH/RH latch rod hook ends out of the locking holes in the
front strikers.
4. Move the seat rearward and lift the seats rear hooks away from the
rear strikers prior to lifting the front hooks out from the front strikers.
5. Remove the seat assembly.
To install the seat:
1. Position the seat in the vehicle.
2. Align front hooks to front strikers, prior to lowering the rear hooks
and aligning them with the rear strikers.
3. Engage the LH/RH latch rod hook ends in the front striker locking
holes.
4. Rotate the LH/RH latch handles forward, and at the same time slide
the seat assembly forward to engage the strikers. Continue forward
movement until the seat reaches the end of its travel.
5. Make sure the safety belt is not twisted, then insert the seat belt
tongue into detachable anchor until you hear a “click” and feel the latch
engage.
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
37
Seating and safety restraints
Quick release captains chair
To remove the seats:
1. Disengage the lap/shoulder belt
from the seat by inserting a key or
small screwdriver into the slot in the
detachable anchor and lifting
upward.
Stow the tongue end of the
detachable anchor.
38
Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull the seat latch handle, then
pull the seat toward the right side of
the vehicle to disengage four pins
from the floor mount.
3. Remove the seat.
To install the seats:
Check to see that the seat and seatback is latched securely in
position. Keep floor area free of objects that would prevent
proper seat engagement. Never attempt to adjust the seat while the
vehicle is in motion.
1. Position the seat to the floor
mount.
2. Engage the four pins into the
floor mount hole and push the seat
toward the left side of the vehicle to
fully engage.
3. Pull the seat latch handle downward to lock the seat in position.
4. Make sure the safety belt is not twisted, then insert the seat belt
tongue into detachable anchor until you hear a “click” and feel the latch
engage.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To prevent the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
39
Seating and safety restraints
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
wear their safety belts.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm. 2)
Never swing it around your neck over the inside shoulder. 3) Never use
a single belt for more than one person.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. To fasten, insert the tongue into
the slot in the buckle.
40
Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push the red release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front and rear seat passenger
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of 8
km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in the vehicle. Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
41
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
Safety belt buckle pretensioner
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belt buckle pretensioners at the
driver and front passenger seating positions.
42
Seating and safety restraints
The safety belt buckle pretensioner is a device which removes excess
webbing from the safety belt system. The safety belt buckle pretensioner
uses the same crash sensor system as the air bag supplemental restraint
system (SRS). When the safety belt buckle pretensioner deploys, the
buckle moves downward, pulling excess webbing from the lap and
shoulder safety belt.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of
the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjustment assembly to make sure it
is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically. Adjust to fit snugly and as low
as possible around your hips. Do not wear the lap belt around your waist.
43
Seating and safety restraints
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle. To lengthen the belt, turn
the tongue at a right angle to the
belt and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
44
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes
and the warning chime sounds for
four to eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Safety belt maintenance
Check the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Check the safety belts to make sure there
are no nicks, wears or cuts. All safety belt assemblies, including
retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle assemblies (slide bar)
(if equipped), shoulder belt height adjusters (if equipped), child safety
seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and attaching hardware,
should be inspected after a collision. Ford recommends that all safety
belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a collision be replaced.
However, if the collision was minor and a qualified technician finds that
the belts do not show damage and continue to operate properly, they do
not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a
collision should also be inspected and replaced if either damage or
improper operation is noted.
Failure to replace the safety belt assembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries in the event of
a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
45
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
FAN HI
60
40 50
80
•
100
60
•
70
30 •
120
000005 •
40•
80
H
F
C
20
•140
20•km/h
90
10
E
0
•
0000
100
LO
H
VENT
L
18
- +
8
OFF
FLR
MIX
NORM
A/C
MAX
IVE
OVERDR
WARM A/C
COOL
P R N D 2 1
FM 1
VOL-PUSH ON
FM 1
AM
FM
RES
ON
OFF
SET
ACCEL
SEEK
ST
BAL
BASS TREB
SCAN
EJ
DOLBY 8 NR
FADE
CLK
TAPE
TUNE
REW
1
FF
2
SIDE 1-2
3
4
5
6
COAST
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to:
• work with the safety belt to
protect the driver and right front
passenger.
• reduce certain upper body
injuries.
Failure to follow these instructions will affect the performance of
the safety belts and increase the risk of personal injury.
The right front passenger air bag is not designed to restrain
occupants in the center front seating position.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
wear their safety belts even when air bag SRS is provided.
46
Seating and safety restraints
Do not place objects or mount equipment on or near the air bag
cover on the steering wheel or in front seat areas that may come
into contact with a deploying air bag. Failure to follow this instruction
may increase the risk of personal injury in the event of a collision.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children should always wear their
safety belts. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
Air bag can kill or injure a
child in a child seat. If you
must use a forward-facing child
seat in the front seat, move seat
all the way back.
How does the air bag
supplemental restraint system work?
The SRS is designed to activate
when the vehicle sustains sufficient
longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation.
47
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation.
After air bag deployment, it is
normal to notice a smoke-like,
powdery residue or smell the burnt
propellant. This may consist of
cornstarch, talcum powder
(to lubricate the bag) or sodium
compounds (e.g., baking soda) that
result from the combustion process
that inflates the air bag. Small
amounts of sodium hydroxide may
be present which may irritate the
skin and eyes, but none of the
residue is toxic.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately . If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
48
Seating and safety restraints
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, place children in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident
statistics suggest that children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating position.
49
Seating and safety restraints
Install forward-facing convertible safety seats only in vehicle seating
positions equipped with lap-shoulder belts. Forward facing convertible
safety seats can be used in the center of the three-passenger second row
bench seat only if a top tether strap is used. Ford recommends placing
forward-facing safety seats in the second row and using safety seats with
top tether straps for added protection. For more information on top
tether straps, see Attaching safety seats with tether straps in this
section.
Any booster seat that places the vehicle’s lap belt or shoulder belt
around a shield above and ahead of the child’s hips should not be used in
this vehicle.
Do not use a forward–facing safety seat or an infant seat in the
last row of a 12– or 15–passenger Club Wagon.
Children and safety belts
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
If the shoulder belt cannot be properly positioned:
• move the child to one of the seats with a lap belt only (if equipped) or
• if the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
50
Seating and safety restraints
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Make sure the tongue is securely
fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent
accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
51
Seating and safety restraints
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must use a
forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all the way
back.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
52
Seating and safety restraints
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle for that seating
position until you hear and feel the
latch engage. Make sure the tongue
is latched securely by pulling on it.
S
ES
PR
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
53
Seating and safety restraints
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
Children should be placed in the rear in an appropriate child
safety seat that is properly secured to the vehicle.
Rear-facing infant seats must always be secured in the rear seat.
In vehicles without a rear seat, a rear-facing infant seat should
be secured in the front seat only if your vehicle does not have a
passenger side air bag or your vehicle is equipped with a passenger air
bag deactivate switch and the switch is turned to “OFF.”
When using forward-facing child safety seats in vehicles with
only two seating positions so the forward-facing child safety seat
cannot be placed in the rear of the vehicle, move the passenger seat as
far back from the instrument panel as possible.
54
Seating and safety restraints
Front passenger seating position
The front passenger seating position does not require any tether
hardware. The tether can be attached directly to the rear of the front
seat.
1. Position the child safety seat on
the front right-hand passenger seat.
2. Adjust the front right-hand
passenger seat full forward.
3. Route the child safety seat tether
strap over the back of the front
right-hand passenger seat as shown.
55
Seating and safety restraints
4. Grasp the tether strap and
position it to the seat pedestal as
shown.
5. Rotate the tether strap as shown.
6. Clip the tether strap to the seat
pedestal as shown.
Do not clip the tether strap to the
seat pedestal as shown.
56
Seating and safety restraints
If the tether strap is clipped
incorrectly (as shown) the child
safety seat may not be retained
properly in the event of a
collision.
7. Rotate the tether strap clip as
shown.
8. Adjust the front right-hand
passenger seat to the full rearward
position.
9. Refer to the instructions in this
section under Installing child
safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating
positions to secure the child safety
seat.
10. Tighten the child safety seat
tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
For additional important safety information on the proper use of
seatbelts, child seats and infant seats, please read the entire Seating
and safety restraints chapter in this owner’s guide.
Rear seating positions
Attachment holes have been provided in your vehicle to attach anchor
hardware, if required. Tether anchor hardware kits (Part No. 613D74)
57
Seating and safety restraints
including instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford
dealer.
• Second row bucket seats (at rear
of lower seat frame)
• 3–passenger bench seat (on rear
rail of seat cushion frame)
58
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
59
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
H
F
20
10
0
E
DOOR
AJAR
BRAKE
60
C
40
30 60
40
50 60
80
100
000000
70
80
H
120
140
20 km/h
160
MPH 0 0 0 0
L
18
90
100
8
SERVICE
ENGINE SOON
Starting
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the light ( ) will not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the engine does not start within five seconds, wait ten seconds and
try again.
3. If the engine does not start in two attempts or if the temperature is
below -12°C (10°F), depress the accelerator and start the engine while
holding the accelerator down. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
61
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
62
Driving
BRAKES
Your brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the “Service Guide” for scheduled
maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder
while braking, felt mainly in the steering wheel, the vehicle most likely
needs service.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lock up during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The front wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster illuminates for about
five seconds when starting the vehicle. If an ABS fault is detected, the
63
Driving
light will remain on and your vehicle should be serviced as soon as
possible.
Normal braking is still effective
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
BRAKE
also illuminated.
!
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. Push pedal
downward to set the parking brake.
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
BRAKE
!
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
64
Driving
The parking brake is not designed to stop a moving vehicle. However, if
the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop your
vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the rear
brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Push the pedal downward again to
release the parking brake. Driving
with the parking brake on will cause
the brakes to wear out quickly and
reduce fuel economy.
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown and the vehicle’s brakelamps may not be
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
65
Driving
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears in a steady pattern. Press lightly
on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from position to position. If you do not hold the brake pedal
down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park).
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
66
Driving
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of
the gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on the
end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
OVERDRIVE OFF
OVERDRIVE
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift
position. The TCIL (the word OFF) will illuminate on the
in the
gearshift lever. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is
useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine downhill braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer
to Driving while you tow in the Towing a trailer chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the Transmission Control
To return to
Switch (TCS). The TCIL (the word OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
67
Driving
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) : Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying capacity for each
axle system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) : Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is allowed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating : Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
68
Driving
• Maximum Trailer Weight : maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range : Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower weight capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher weight limit than the
originals do not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the Safety Compliance Certification Label to find the axle code
number and engine type for your vehicle.
2. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
3. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
4. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
69
Driving
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (truck)/wheel rims (car).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle may tow a class I, II or III trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio on the following charts.
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Maximum
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Frontal Area
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.)
Of Trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
(ft2)
Regular Van E-150
4.2L
3.31
4 082 (9 000)
1 860 (4 100)
5.52 (60)
4.2L
3.55
4 536 (10 000)
2 313 (5 100)
5.52 (60)
4.6L
3.31
4 990 (11 000)
2 766 (6 100)
5.52 (60)
4.6L
3.55
5 216 (11 500)
2 993 (6 600)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.55
5 443 (12 000)
3 130 (6 900)
5.52 (60)
Regular Van E-250
4.2L
3.73
4 763 (10 500)
2 359 (5 200)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73
5 897 (13 000)
3 402 (7 500)
5.52 (60)
Regular Van E-250 HD
4.2L
4.09
4 990 (11 000)
2 586 (5 700)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73
5 897 (13 000)
3 402 (7 500)
5.52 (60)
70
Driving
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Maximum
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Frontal Area
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.)
Of Trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
(ft2)
Super Van E-250
4.2L
3.73
4 763 (10 500)
2 313 (5 100)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73
5 897 (13 000)
3 357 (7 400)
5.52 (60)
Super Van E-250 HD
4.2L
4.09
4 990 (11 000)
2 540 (5 600)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.73
5 897 (13 000)
3 356 (7 400)
5.52 (60)
Regular Van E-350
5.4L
3.55
5 443 (12 000)
2 948 (6 500)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
3 402 (7 500)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73
6 804 (15 000)
4 218 (9 300)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
3.55
7 258 (16 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
Super Van E-350
5.4L
3.55
5 443 (12 000)
2 858 (6 300)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
3 311 (7 300)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73
6 804 (15 000)
4 173 (9 200)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
3.55
7 258 (16 000)
4 445 (9 800)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
Club Wagon E-150 (8 passenger)
4.2L
3.31
4 082 (9 000)
1 678 (3 700)
5.52 (60)
4.2L
3.55
4 536 (10 000)
2 132 (4 700)
5.52 (60)
4.6L
3.31
4 990 (11 000)
2 540 (5 600)
5.52 (60)
71
Driving
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Maximum
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Frontal Area
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.)
Of Trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
(ft2)
4.6L
3.55
5 216 (11 500)
2 767 (6 100)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
3.55
5 443 (12 000)
2 948 (6 500)
5.52 (60)
Club Wagon Regular E-350 (12 passenger)
5.4L
3.55
5 443 (12 000)
2 722 (6 000)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
3 175 (7 000)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73
6 804 (15 000)
4 037 (8 900)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
3.55
7 258 (16 000)
4 309 (9 500)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
Club Wagon Super E-350 (15 passenger)
5.4L
3.55
5 443 (12 000)
2 586 (5 700)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
3 039 (6 700)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73
6 804 (15 000)
3 901 (8 600)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
3.55
7 258 (16 000)
4 173 (9 200)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
E-350 RV Cutaway (single rear wheel)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000) 4 717 (10 400)*
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
E-350 RV Cutaway (dual rear wheel)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
1 134 (2 500)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500)
3 629 (8 000)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000)
4 309 (9 500)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
72
Driving
Trailer Towing Table
GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating)/Trailer Weights
Maximum
Rear
Maximum
Trailer weight
Frontal Area
Engine
axle
GCWR-kg
range-kg (lbs.)
Of Trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-Maximum)
(ft2)
E-350 Commercial Cutaway (single rear wheel)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000) 4 717 (10 400)*
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
E-350 Commercial Cutaway (dual rear wheel)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
1 225 (2 700)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500)
3 720 (8 200)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
4.10
9 072 (20 000)
4 400 (9 700)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
E-Super Duty
6.8L
4.63
9 072 (20 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
7.3L
4.63
9 072 (20 000) 4 536 (10 000)
5.52 (60)
(Diesel)
E-250/350 Stripped Chassis (single rear wheel)
4.2L
4.09
4 990 (11 000)
1 090 (2 400)
5.52 (60)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
1 542 (3 400)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
3.73
6 804 (15 000)
2 540 (5 600)
5.52 (60)
E-250/350 Stripped Chassis (dual rear wheel)
5.4L
4.10
5 897 (13 000)
1 361 (3 000)
5.52 (60)
6.8L
4.10
8 392 (18 500)
3 856 (8 500)
5.52 (60)
Maximum loaded trailer weight of 4 717 kg (10 400 lbs.) on 7.3L E350
RV and commercial cutaways (single rear wheel) applicable to fifth
wheel trailer usage only. Otherwise, maximum trailer weight is 4 536 kg
(10 000 lbs.).
For high altitude operation reduce GCWR by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft) elevation.
To determine the maximum trailer weight designed for you particular
vehicle as equipped, follow the section Calculating the load your
vehicle can tow/carry earlier in this chapter.
73
Driving
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Distribute the load so that only 10 to 15% of the total is on the tongue.
Tie down the load so that it does not shift and change the weight on the
hitch.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully after any towing operation.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use or install hitches that clamp onto the bumper or to the axle.
Underbody hitches are acceptable if installed properly.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
74
Driving
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper
The rear bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires only a
ball with a 25.4 mm (one inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a 2 270
kg (5 000 lb.) trailer weight and 227 kg (500 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
If it is necessary to relocate the trailer hitch ball position, a
frame-mounted trailer hitch must be installed.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer. Do not
drive faster than 72 km/h (45 mph) with any weight on the trailer while
towing on a hot day or in hilly country.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use D (Drive) or a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills.
This will eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum
fuel economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
When descending long, steep downhill grades, always use a lower gear to
provide engine braking to save wear on brakes. Use Drive (Overdrive
OFF) on moderately steep hills, Second (2) on steep hills, and First (1)
on very steep hills.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to the Severe Duty Schedule in your
“Service Guide” for more information.
75
Driving
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (six inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions and reliability.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
changed. Axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked unless a leak is
suspected.
FUEL CONSUMPTION
Fuel economy can be improved by avoiding:
• lack of regular, scheduled maintenance.
• excessive speed.
• rapid acceleration.
• extended idle.
76
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
If the engine cranks but does not start after a collision, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the button on the switch.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
77
Roadside emergencies
• Except commercial stripped
chassis vehicles
• Commercial stripped chassis
vehicles
78
Roadside emergencies
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
Fuse rating
5 amp
7.5 amp
10 amp
15 amp
20 amp
20 amp fuse link
25 amp
30 amp
30 amp fuse link
40 amp fuse link
50 amp fuse link
60 amp fuse link
80 amp fuse link
100 amp fuse link
Color
Tan
Brown
Red
Light blue
Yellow
Light blue
Natural
Light green
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Black
Dark blue
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
79
Roadside emergencies
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
20A
RABS/4WABS Module
2
15A
Brake Warning Diode/Resistor, Instrument
Cluster, Warning Chime, 4WABS Relay,
Warning Indicators
3
15A
Main Light Switch, RKE Module, Radio
4
15A
Power Locks w/RKE, Illuminated Entry,
Warning Chime, Modified Vehicle, Power
Mirrors, Main Light Switch, Courtesy Lamps
5
20A
RKE Module, Power Lock Switches, Memory
Lock, Power Locks with RKE
80
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A
Shift Interlock, Speed Control, DRL Module
10A
Multi-Function Switch, Turn Signals
30A
Radio Capacitor(s), Ignition Coil, PCM Diode,
PCM Power Relay, Fuel Heater, Glow Plug
Relay (Diesel)
30A
Wiper Control Module, Windshield Wiper
Motor
20A
Main Light Switch, (External Lamps)
Multi-Function Switch (Flash-to-pass)
15A
Brake Pressure Switch, Multi-Function Switch
(Hazards), RABS, Brake Pedal Position
Switch
15A
Transmission Range (TR) Sensor, Auxiliary
Battery Relay
15A
Blend Door Actuator, Function Selector
Switch
5A
Instrument Cluster (Air Bag and Charge
Indicator)
5A
Trailer Battery Charge Relay
30A
Power Seats
—
Not Used
—
Not Used
10A
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
5A
Overdrive Cancel Switch
30A
Power Windows*
15A
Memory Power Radio
20A
Cigar Lighter, Data Link Connector (DLC)
5A
Illuminated Entry Module
10A
Left Headlamp (Low Beam)
Not Used
5A
Radio
25A
Power Plug
81
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
15A
10A
—
—
10A
—
5A
Description
Not Used
Headlamps (High Beam Indicator), DRL
Right Headlamp (Low Beam), DRL
Not Used
Not Used
Transmission Range (TR) Sensor
Not Used
(Cluster, A/C, Illumination, Radio), Steering
Column Assembly
37
—
Not Used
38
10A
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
39
—
Not Used
40
30A
Modified Vehicle
41
30A
Modified Vehicle
42
—
Not Used
43
20A C.B.
Power Windows*
44
—
Not Used
*Either fuse 21 or circuit breaker 43 will be present for power
windows.
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The
power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
82
6
7
5
4
15
14
2
11
B
10
A
9
17
16
8
26
24
18
27
25
E
H
28
29
J
F
19
1
12
C
20
3
13
21
K
G
D
22
23
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Fuse Amp
Rating
—
—
—
10A
10A
10A
—
60A
30A
10
60A
11
12
13
30A
60A
50A
Description
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
PCM Keep Alive Memory, Instrument Cluster
Right Trailer Turn Signal
Left Trailer Turn Signal
Not Used
I/P Fuses 5, 11, 23, 38, 4, 10, 16, 22, 28
PCM Power Relay, Engine Compartment Fuse
4
Auxiliary Battery Relay, Engine Compartment
Fuses 14, 22
IDM Relay (1998 1/2 Vehicles)
Engine Compartment Fuses 26, 27
Blower Motor Relay (Blower Motor)
83
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
14
30A
Trailer Running Lamps Relay, Trailer Backup
Lamps Relay
15
40A
Main Light Switch
16
50A
RKE Module, Auxiliary Blower Motor Relay
17
30A
Fuel Pump Relay, IDM (Diesel)
18
60A
I/P Fuses 40, 41
19
60A
4WABS Module
20
20A
Electric Brake Controller
21
50A
Modified Vehicle Power
22
40A
Trailer Battery Charge Relay (Modified
Vehicles Only)
23
60A
Ignition Switch
24
—
Not Used
25
20A
NGV Module
26
10A
Generator/Voltage Regulator (Diesel Only)
27
15A
DRL Module, Horn Relay
28
—
PCM Diode
29
—
Not Used
A
—
Not Used
B
—
Not Used
C
Trailer Backup Lamps Relay
D
Trailer Running Lamps Relay
E
Trailer Battery Charge Relay
F
IDM Relay
G
PCM Relay
H
Blower Motor Relay
J
Horn Relay
K
Fuel Pump Relay, IDM Relay (Diesel)
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
84
Roadside emergencies
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
The spare tire for your vehicle is stowed under the rear of your vehicle
(except cutaway and stripped chassis models).
To remove the spare tire:
1. Open both rear doors and remove
thumb screw and anti-theft bracket.
If finger pressure will not remove
the thumb screw, use the lug
wrench to loosen the screw.
2. Remove the access cover from
the rubber strip behind the left
door.
3. Insert the tapered end of the lug
wrench or the tip of the jack handle
through the access hole and into the
tube.
4. Turn the wrench
counterclockwise until the cable is
slack and the tire can be slid
rearward from under the vehicle.
5. Remove the retainer from the
spare tire.
To stow the cable retainer with the spare removed, turn the jack handle
wrench clockwise until all slack is removed.
To stow the spare tire:
1. Lay the tire on the ground under the rear of the vehicle with the valve
stem facing up.
Stow aluminum wheels with valve stem facing down.
2. Install the retainer through the wheel center.
85
Roadside emergencies
3. Raise the tire by turning the
wrench or handle clockwise.
Continue until the lift mechanism
“clicks.”
4. Check that the tire is tightly
seated under the vehicle by pushing
against the tire. Retighten as
necessary.
5. Replace the access cover,
anti-theft bracket and thumb screw. Use finger pressure only to secure
the thumb screw.
Make sure the spare tire and jacking equipment are stowed and
secured in the proper storage location.
Never run the engine with one wheel off the ground.
Tire change procedure
Preparing to change the tire
1. Park on a level surface.
2. Activate the warning flashers.
3. Place the gearshift in P (Park)(automatic transmission) or R
(Reverse)(manual transmission).
4. Apply the parking brake.
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
86
Roadside emergencies
5. Block the wheel that is diagonally
opposite the tire you are changing.
On E-Super Duty vehicles, the
parking brake is on the
transmission. Therefore, the vehicle
will not be prevented from moving
when a rear wheel is lifted, even if
the parking brake is applied. Be sure to block both directions of the
wheel that is diagonally opposite to the wheel that is being lifted.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
6. Remove the spare tire and jack
from the storage location.
7. Use the tapered end of the lug
nut wrench to unscrew wheel
ornaments attached by retaining
screws. Remove any wheel trim.
Insert the tapered end of the lug
nut wrench behind wheel covers or
hubcaps and twist off.
8. Loosen the wheel nuts by pulling
up on the handle of the lug nut
wrench about one-half turn
(counterclockwise). Do not remove
the wheel lug nuts until you raise
the tire off the ground.
87
Roadside emergencies
Replacing the tire
1. Assemble the jack handle sections together and lock into jack. Use the
jack handle to slide the jack under the vehicle.
To lessen the risk of personal injury, do not put any part of your
body under the vehicle while changing a tire. Do not start the
engine when your vehicle is on the jack. The jack is only meant for
changing the tire.
2. Position the jack to raise the front or rear wheel.
• Never use the front or rear
differential as a jacking point.
Rear axle jacking points:
• All models except E-Super Duty
88
Roadside emergencies
• E-Super Duty
Front axle jacking points:
• All models
Place the jack under the pin on the
front axle.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise until the wheel is completely off the
ground.
4. Remove the lug nuts with the lug nut wrench.
5. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire.
If your vehicle has dual rear wheels, there are locating pins on the hubs
and wheels with corresponding holes. When you install the wheel make
sure that the pins are aligned with the proper holes.
If your vehicle has single rear wheels, thread the lug nuts on the studs
with the beveled face toward the wheel.
If your vehicle has dual rear wheels, thread the two element swiveling
lug nuts on the studs with the flange facing toward the wheel.
6. Use the lug nut wrench to screw the lug nut snugly against the wheel.
7. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
8. Remove the jack and fully tighten the lug nuts in the following
pattern:
89
Roadside emergencies
• 5 lug wheel
1
3
4
5
• 8 lug wheel
2
1
6
7
4
3
8
5
2
Never use wheels or lug nuts different than the original
equipment as this could damage the wheel or mounting system.
This damage could allow the wheels to come off while the vehicle is
being driven.
9. Replace any wheel covers, ornaments or hub caps. Make sure they are
screwed or snapped in place.
10. Stow the jack, handle and lug wrench.
11. Unblock the wheels.
On vehicles equipped with dual rear wheels, retighten the wheel lug nuts
to the specified torque at 160 km (100 miles), and again at 800 km (500
miles) of new vehicle operation and at intervals specified in the “Service
Guide.”
On vehicles equipped with single rear wheels, retighten the lug nuts to
the specified torque at 800 km (500 miles) of operation after any wheel
change or any time the lug nuts are loosened.
90
Roadside emergencies
Model
Bolt Size
Wheel Lug nut Torque*
N•M
Ft-Lb
135
100
190
140
E-150
1/2-20
E-250, E-350 and
9/16-18
E-Super Duty
* Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt and
rust. Do not use oil or grease on threads. Use only Ford recommended
replacement fasteners.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which burns skin, eyes, and
clothing.
Preparing your vehicle
Also see the label on the battery.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle. If you connect your
battery to a 24–volt power supply you can damage your starter, ignition
system and other electrical components.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure they do not touch. Set the parking brake on both vehicles
and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
91
Roadside emergencies
–
–
Connecting the jumper cables
1. Position the vehicles so that they
do not touch one another.
1
4
2. Switch off the engine. Switch off
any unnecessary electrical
+
equipment.
3. Connect the positive (+) terminal
of the discharged battery (1) to the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (2).
3
4. Connect one end of the second
lead to the negative (-) terminal of
2
the booster battery (3) and the
other end to a metal part of the
engine to be started (4), not to the
negative (-) terminal of the discharged battery.
5. Make sure that the jump leads are clear of moving parts of the engine.
+
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
92
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the booster vehicle and run the engine at moderately increased
speed.
2. Start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
3. Once the engine has been started, run both vehicles for a further
three minutes before disconnecting the leads.
4
1
+
–
–
+
Removing the jumper cables
1. Remove the jumper cables in
reverse order. Take the cable off the
metallic surface (1) first, followed
by the cable on the negative (-)
booster battery terminal (2).
2. Remove the cable from the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (3) and then the discharged
battery (4).
3. After the disabled vehicle has
been started, allow it to idle for a
while so the engine can “relearn” its
idle conditions.
2
3
93
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center. It is
recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment.
When calling for a tow truck, tell the operator what kind of vehicle you
have. A towing manual is available from Ford Motor Company for all
authorized tow truck operators. Have your tow truck driver refer to this
manual for proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
94
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a “Service Guide” which makes tracking routine service
easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
95
Maintenance and care
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom of the instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front center of
the hood. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.
PUSH
ON
PUSH
OFF
HOOD
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
Engine Compartment Component Locations
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
96
Maintenance and care
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Engine oil filler
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Air filter assembly
Engine oil dipstick
Power steering fluid reservoir
Brake fluid reservoir
Engine coolant recovery reservoir
Battery
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Check the engine oil each time you fuel your vehicle.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
• 4.2L V6/5.4L V8/6.8L V10 engines
MIN
MAX
97
Maintenance and care
• 4.6L V8 engine
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
98
Maintenance and care
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the fluid level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the preferred viscosity. Add engine oil through the oil filler
cap. Remove the filler cap and use a funnel to pour oil in the opening.
3. Recheck the oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the MAX
mark on the dipstick.
Changing the engine oil and filter
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the “Service Guide”.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification mark.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the “Service Guide”.
99
Maintenance and care
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed at least once each
year:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
100
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir at least once
a month. Be sure to read and
understand Precautions when
servicing your vehicle in this
chapter.
COLD FILL LEVEL
If the engine coolant has not been checked for a long period of time, the
engine coolant reservoir may eventually empty. If this occurs, add engine
coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine coolant
101
Maintenance and care
maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
water to the engine coolant recovery reservoir-DO NOT ADD DIRECTLY
TO THE RADIATOR. Add straight water only in an emergency, but you
should replace it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as
soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant recovery reservoir the next few
times you drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture
of coolant and water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the
reservoir.
Never remove the coolant recovery cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant recovery cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Use Ford Premium Cooling System Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in Canada,
Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an equivalent premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A. Ford Premium Engine Coolant
is an optimized formula that will protect all metals and rubber elastomers
used in Ford cooling systems for four years or 80,000 km (50,000 miles).
102
Maintenance and care
Do not use alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine coolants mixed
with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. Do not use supplemental coolant
additives in your vehicle. These additives may harm your engine cooling
system. The use of an improper coolant may void your warranty of your
vehicle’s engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes. Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use of such coolant may
harm engine and cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than a liter (quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the engine
coolant concentration above 60%. Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and water in your vehicle year-round in non-extreme climates.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling (if equipped)
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
103
Maintenance and care
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine overheats, the engine
H
will automatically switch to
alternating cylinder operation. Each
disabled cylinder acts as an air
C
pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs, the engine coolant temperature gauge will move into
the red area, the
,
and the service engine soon lights will
illuminate.
The vehicle will still operate, but will have limited engine power and no
air conditioning capability.
Continued operation will increase engine temperature and cause the
engine to completely shut down. The vehicle will coast to a stop.
As the engine temperature cools, the engine may be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
• Pull off the road as soon as possible.
• Immediately turn the engine off to prevent severe engine damage.
• Wait for the engine to cool.
• Check the coolant level.
104
Maintenance and care
FULL COLD
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid at
least twice a year. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge will be near the
center of the NORMAL band).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be between the arrows
in the FULL HOT range. Do not add fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL HOT range. Be sure to put the
dipstick back in the reservoir.
105
Maintenance and care
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking and adding automatic transmission fluid
Follow the scheduled service intervals outlined in the “Service Guide”.
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is below the COLD (C) area on
the dipstick and outside
temperatures are above 10°C (50°F)
(see figure to the right).
Your transmission does not use up fluid. However, it is recommended
that you check the transmission fluid at least twice a year. The fluid level
should be checked if the transmission is not working properly, i.e., if the
transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid
leakage.
Transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating temperatures
66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal operating
temperature can be reached after approximately 32 km (20 miles) of
driving.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]) (see figure to the
right).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at room temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]) (see figure
to the right).
If your vehicle has been operated for an extended period at high speeds,
in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should
be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow the fluid to cool before
checking.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
106
Maintenance and care
2. With the parking brake engaged
P R N D 2 1
and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the
gear ranges. Allow sufficient time
for each gear to engage.
3. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
4. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
5. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
6. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid level should
be in the HOT (H) area on the dipstick.
7. If necessary, add fluid in 250 ml (1/2 pint) increments through the
filler tube until the level is correct.
8. If an overfill occurs, excess fluid should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
If the fluid is above the hot area
range after driving the vehicle
approximately 30 km (20 miles),
excess transmission fluid should be
removed by a qualified technician.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal
joints equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
107
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
Superstart maintenance-free battery.
If the original equipment battery
needs replacing, it may be replaced
with a low-maintenance battery. The
low-maintenance battery normally
does not require additional water
during its life of service. However,
for severe usage or in high
temperature climates, check your
battery electrolyte level, at least
every 24 months or 40,000 km
(24,000 miles). Keep the electrolyte
in each cell up to the “level” indicator. Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery cells with
distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the charging
system checked.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminal(s) and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water. Reinstall the cables when
you are done cleaning them, and apply a small quantity of grease to the
top of each battery terminal to help prevent corrosion.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery is replaced.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle conditions before your vehicle will drive properly. To
begin this process:
1. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
vehicle.
2. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
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Maintenance and care
3. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle, the idle quality of
your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle is eventually
relearned.
• If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been
installed, the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once
the battery is reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s
standards for disposal. Call your
local recycling center to find out
more about recycling automotive batteries.
Disconnecting dual batteries (if equipped)
The primary battery is located under the hood.
The auxiliary battery is located on the passenger side frame rail.
109
Maintenance and care
Gasoline engines
Disconnect:
1. Disconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
2. Disconnect the auxiliary battery
frame ground.
Remove the ground bolt.
Pull the cable away from the frame
and make sure that the cable does
not contact the frame.
Connect:
1. Reconnect the auxiliary battery
frame ground.
110
Maintenance and care
2. Reconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
Diesel engines
Disconnect:
Secondary positive cable remains energized after disconnection.
make sure the tool does not contact any ground surface.
1. Disconnect the secondary positive
cable from the primary battery
terminal.
2. Wrap the secondary positive cable
with a non-conductive material to
insulate.
111
Maintenance and care
3. Disconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
4. Disconnect the primary battery
positive cable.
Connect:
Secondary positive cable remains energized after disconnection.
make sure the tool does not contact any ground surface.
1. Reconnect the primary battery
positive cable.
2. Reconnect the primary battery
ground cable.
3. Unwrap the secondary positive
cable and reconnect to the primary
battery terminal.
112
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
When replacing wiper blade assemblies, always use a Motorcraft part or
equivalent. To make replacing the wipers easy, turn the ignition to ACC,
then turn the wipers on. When the wipers reach the vertical position,
turn the ignition to LOCK.
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
with a screwdriver to release the
blade and pull the wiper blade down
toward the windshield to remove it
from the arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
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Maintenance and care
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire grade 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
grade 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are A, B, and C, and they
represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under
test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking
(straight ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering
(turning) traction.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the Tire
Pressure Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the “Service Guide.” If you notice that the tires
wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels, if your vehicle is equipped with dual rear wheels it is
recommended that only the front wheels be rotated (side to side).
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Maintenance and care
• Four tire rotation
• Five tire rotation
116
Maintenance and care
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier to lose control and roll
over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use snow tires and chains, you must
install steel wheels of the same size and specifications as those originally
installed.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
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Maintenance and care
• Do not use tire chains on aluminum wheels. Chains may chip the
wheels.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the pressure in the fuel
tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work improperly
in a collision.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel cap is venting
vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no symptoms
are immediately apparent. The
toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for hours.
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Maintenance and care
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly remove contaminated clothing and
wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
• If fuel is splashed in the eyes, remove contact lenses, flush with water
for 15 minutes and seek medical attention.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. Consult a physician
immediately.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Vehicles certified to California emission standards (indicated on the
underhood Vehicle Emissions Control Information label) are designed to
operate on California reformulated gasolines. If California reformulated
gasoline is not available when you refuel, your vehicle can be operated
on non-California fuels. However, even though your engine will perform
adequately on other gasolines, the performance of the emission control
devices and systems may be adversely affected.
Repair of damage caused by using a fuel that your vehicle was not
designed for may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded with an (R+M)/2
octane rating of 87. We do not
recommend gasolines labeled as
“Regular” in high altitude areas that
are sold with octane ratings of 86 or
even less.
Do not be concerned if your vehicle sometimes knocks lightly. However,
if it knocks heavily under most driving conditions on fuel with the
recommended octane, see your dealer or a qualified service technician to
prevent any engine damage.
87
119
Maintenance and care
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” gasoline.
“Premium” gasoline is not recommended (particularly in the United
States) because it may cause these problems to become more
pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
The American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) issued a
gasoline specification to provide information on high quality fuels that
optimize the performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use of
gasolines that meet the AAMA specification if they are available.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high-quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Do not use gasolines containing methanol, which can damage critical fuel
system components. Damage resulting from the use of methanol may not
be covered by your warranty.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on modern powertrain components.
You may need to crank the engine several times before the system starts
to pump fuel from the tank to the engine. If you run out of fuel, your
Service Engine Soon light may come on. For more information on the
Service Engine Soon light, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
Calculating fuel economy
To accurately calculate your vehicle’s fuel economy:
1. Fill the tank completely and record the initial odometer reading.
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added
(in liters or gallons).
3. After at least three to five fuel tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and
record the current mileage reading.
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Maintenance and care
4. Use one of the following equations to calculate fuel economy.
Liters used x 100 4 Total kilometers traveled
Total miles traveled 4 Total gallons used
Keep a record for at least one month. This will provide an accurate
estimate of the vehicle’s fuel economy.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the services listed in your “Service Guide” performed according
to the specified schedule.
The Scheduled Maintenance Services listed in the “Service Guide” are
required because they are considered essential to the life and
performance of your vehicle and to its emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Watch for fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke, loss of oil pressure, the
charging system warning light, the “Service Engine Soon” light or the
temperature warning light. These events could indicate that the emission
control system is not working properly.
If you smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle, have
the dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do not drive
if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and could kill
you.
121
Maintenance and care
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II) system. If your “check engine/service
engine soon” light is on, reference the applicable light description in the
Warning Lights and Chimes section of your owners guide. Your vehicle
may not pass the I/M test with the “check engine/service engine soon”
light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the OBD-II system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city
and highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop and go, city type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
122
Maintenance and care
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs (aerodynamic)
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. Push each clip tab toward the
engine compartment and lift upward
to the stop position.
4. Remove the headlamp assembly.
5. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
the connector rearward.
123
Maintenance and care
6. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) about an
eighth of a turn to free it from the
bulb socket, and by sliding the ring
off the plastic base. Keep the ring
because it will be used again to
retain the new bulb.
7. Remove the old bulb from its socket by gently pulling it straight back
out of the socket. Do not turn the bulb while removing it.
To install the new bulb:
1. With the flat side of the bulb’s
plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the
socket. You may need to turn the
bulb left or right to line up the
grooves in the plastic base with the
tabs in the socket. When the
grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the socket until the plastic base
contacts the rear of the socket.
2. Slip the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating it clockwise until you feel a “stop”.
3. Push the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until it
snaps, locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
124
Maintenance and care
USING THE RIGHT BULBS
Function
Number of
Trade number
bulbs
Headlamps (low series)
2
H6054
Headlamps (high series)
2
9007
Park lamp and turn signal (front)
2
3157 NAK
Back-up lamps
2
3156 K
License plate lamps
1
186
Stop/tail/side marker lamp
2
3357 K
Turn lamp (rear)
2
3156 K
High-mount brakelamp
2
912
Cargo lamp
1
211-2
Dome lamp (standard)
1
912
Map/reading lamp
2
211-2
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The alignment of your headlamps should be checked by a qualified
service technician if:
1. Oncoming motorists frequently signal you to deactivate your high
beams, and your high beams are not activated.
2. The headlamps do not seem to provide enough light for clear night
vision.
3. The headlamp beams are pointed substantially away from a slightly
down and to the right position.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance Guide” for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
125
Maintenance and care
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle. Remove any exterior
accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car wash.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Remove any bugs and tar
before waxing vehicle. Use cleaning fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth to
remove. Use tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
touch-up paint, repair foil or aerosol paint spray from the Ford accessory
line. Observe the application instructions on the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong detergents. Never
use abrasives that will damage the finish of special wheel surfaces. Use a
tar remover to remove grease and tar.
126
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
127
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the windshield and wiper
blades with undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild detergent.
Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the blades, do not
use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Follow the directions that come with
the cleaner.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Inside windows
Use glass cleaner for the inside windows if they become fogged.
128
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
4.2L V6
4.6L V8
5.4L V8
6.8L V10
engine
engine
engine
engine
FA-1632
FA-1632
FA-1632
FA-1632
BXT-65-650 BXT-65-650 BXT-65-650 BXT-65-650
Air filter
Battery
(standard)
Battery (optional) BXT-65-750 BXT-65-750 BXT-65-750 BXT-65-750
Battery (auxilary) BH-65DC
BH-65DC
BH-65DC
BH-65DC
Fuel filter
FG-872
FG-872
FG-872
FG-872
Oil filter
FL-400-S
FL-820-S
FL-820-S
FL-820-S
PCV Valve
EV-152
EV-233
EV-233
EV-233
Spark plugs*
AGSF-34EE AWSF-32PP AWSF-22E AWSF-22E
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for
spark plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake fluid
Engine oil
(includes
filter change)
Engine
coolant
Power
steering fluid
Ford Part
Name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft
5W30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Ford Extended
Life Engine
Coolant
(DEX-COOL)
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Application
Capacity
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
5.7L (6.0 quarts)
4.2L
4.6L
5.4L
6.8L
All
V6 engine
V8 engine
V8 engine
V10 engine
22.0L (23.2 quarts)
23.7L (25.0 quarts)
27.4L (29.0 quarts)
29.0L (30.6 quarts)
Keep in FULL range
on dispstick
129
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Rear axle1
Fuel tank
130
Ford Part
Name
Refer to
footnote 4
N/A
Application
Capacity
Ford 8.8/9.75
inch
conventional and
Traction-Lok
Dana 9.75 inch
(M60-IU)
Dana 10.5 inch
(M70-2U)
Dana 10.5 inch
(M70-1HD)
Dana 11.25 inch
(model 80)
All regular and
extended length
vans and wagons
with 138 inch
wheelbase
138 inch
wheelbase
(except E-Super
Duty)
158 inch
wheelbase
(except E-Super
Duty)
176 inch
wheelbase
(except E-Super
Duty)
158 inch and
176 inch
wheelbase
(E-Super Duty)
2.6-2.7L
(5.5-5.8 pints)1
3.0L
(6.3 pints)2
3.1L
(6.6 pints)2
3.5L
(7.5 pints)2
3.5L
(7.5 pints)2
132.4L
(35.0 gallons)
140.0L
(37.0 gallons)
140.0L
(37.0 gallons)4
140.0L
(37.0 gallons)
208.0L
(55 .0 gallons)
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Transmission3
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON t
ATF
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
Automatic
(4R70W)
13.1L
(13.9 quarts)
Automatic
(E4OD)
15.0L
(15.9 quarts)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
If your vehicle’s rear axle is filled with a synthetic rear axle lubricant it is
considered lubricated for life. These lubricants do not need to be
checked or changed unless a leak is suspected, service is required or the
axle assembly has been submerged in water. The axle lubricant should
be changed any time the rear axle has been submerged in water.
1
Fill 6 mm to 14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below bottom of fill hole.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546-A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A, for complete refill of 8.8 inch and 9.75 inch
Traction-Lok axles.
2
Fill Dana rear axles to 6 mm to 19 mm (1/4 inch to 3/4 inch) below
bottom of fill hole.
3
Always use dipstick to determine exact fluid requirement.
4
Ford conventional and Traction-Lok axles, Dana 80 axle (E-Super
Duty) and Dana axles on E-350 vans/wagons with 4.10:1 ratio require
Motorcraft SAE 75W140 Synthetic Rear Axle Lubricant (part number
F1TZ-19580–B). Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of friction modifier C8AZ-19B546-A,
Ford specification EST-M2C118–A. Dana conventional and limited-slip
axles require Motorcraft SAE 80W90 Premium Rear Axle Lubricant. Add
177ml (6 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546-A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A.
131
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Brake fluid
Door
weatherstrips
Engine
coolant
Engine oil
(gasoline)
Ford part name
Ford part
number
High Performance
C6AZDOT 3 Motor Vehicle 19542-AB
Brake Fluid
Silicone Lubricant
C0AZ-19553-AA
and
D7AZ-19553-AA
Ford Premium
EFZ-19549-AA
Cooling System Fluid
Motorcraft 5W-30
XOSuper Premium
5W30-QSP
Motor Oil
Ford
specification
ESAM6C25-A and
DOT 3
ESR-M13P4-A
ESE-M97B44-A
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
Engine oil
Consult separate diesel engine owner’s guide
(diesel)
supplement
Hinges,
Multi-Purpose
D0AZESBlatches,
Grease
19584-AA or
M1C93-B or
Striker plates,
F5AZESRfuel filler door
19G209-AA
M1C159-A
hinge, and
seat tracks
Lock cylinders Penetrating
E8AZnone
Lubricant
19501-B
Power
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
steering fluid MERCONt ATF
Automatic
Motorcraft
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
transmission
MERCONt ATF
(E4OD)
Automatic
Motorcraft
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
tranmission
MERCONtV ATF
(4R70W)
Disc brake
Silicone Brake
D7AZ-19A331-A ESE-M1C171-A
caliper rails
Caliper and
WA-10
Dielectric compound
132
Capacities and specifications
Item
Ford part name
Parking brake
assembly
(E-Super
Duty)
Ford
conventional
and
Traction-Lok
axles 1
Dana
conventional
and
Traction-Lok
axles 2
Dana 80 Axle
(E-Super
Duty)
Motorcraft
MERCONt
Automatic
Transmission Fluid
Motorcraft SAE
F1TZ-19580-B
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic rear axle
lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
XY-80W90-QL
80W90 Premium rear
axle lubricant
Dana Axle
(E-350
van/wagon
w/4.10 ratio)
Windshield
washer fluid
Motorcraft SAE
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic rear axle
lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic rear axle
lubricant
Ultra-Clear
Windshield Washer
Concentrate
Ford part
number
XT-2-QDX
Ford
specification
MERCONt
WSL-M2C192-A
WSP-M2C197-A
F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
C9AZ-19550-AB ESR-M17P5-A
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of EST-M2C118–A (friction modifier Part No.
C8AZ-19B546–A) for complete refill of Ford Traction-Lok rear axles.
2
Add 237 ml (6 oz.) of EST-M2C118–A (friction modifier Part No.
C8AZ-19B546–A) for complete refill of Dana Traction-Lok rear axles.
133
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
4.2L V6 engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel grade
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
256
200 @ 4800 rpm
250 lbs.ft. @ 2800 rpm
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-.056 inch
EDIS
9.0:1
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel grade
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
4.6L V8 engine
281
215 @ 4450 rpm
290 lbs.ft. @ 3250 rpm
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-.056 inch
EDIS
9.0:1
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel grade
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
5.4L V8 engine
330
235 @ 4450 rpm
335 lbs.ft. @ 3000 rpm
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-.056 inch
EDIS
9.0:1
134
Capacities and specifications
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel grade
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
6.8L V10 engine
415
265 @ 4250 rpm
405 lbs.ft. @ 2750 rpm
87 octane
1-6-5-10-2-7-3-8-4-9
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-.056 inch
EDIS
9.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Van/wagon models
(1) Overall height
(2) Track front/rear
(3) Overall width
(excluding mirrors)
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Overall length
E-150
E-250
E-350
2 054.8 mm (80.9
2 118.4 mm
2 136.1
in)
(83.4)
(84.1 in)
1 762.8 mm (69.4 in)/ 1 701.8 mm (67.0 in)
2 014.2 mm (79.3 in)
3 505 mm (138 in)
Regular van, 5 379.7 mm (211.8 in) Supervan, 5
892.8 mm (232.0 in)
135
Capacities and specifications
1
2
3
4
5
136
Capacities and specifications
Cutaway/commercial stripped chassis models
(1) Overall
height
(2) Track
front/rear
(3) Overall
width
(excluding
mirrors)
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Overall
length
E-250
E-350
E-Super Duty
Refer to Body Builder for specifications
1 762.8 mm
(69.4 in)
1 701.8 mm
(67.0 in)
1 762.8 mm
1 762.8 mm
(69.4 in.)/SRW 1
(69.4 in.)/1
701.8 mm (67.0 in.), 973.6 mm
DRW 1 859.3 mm
(77.7 in.)
(73.2 in.)
Refer to Body Builder for specifications.
3 149.6 mm
(124 in)
3 505 mm
4 013 mm
(138 in.)
(158 in.)
4 470 mm
4 013 mm
(158 in.)
(176 in.)
4 470 mm
(176 in.)
Refer to Body Builder for specifications.
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
Complete Ford built vehicles
The vehicle identification number is attached to your vehicle in the
following places:
• On the metal tag attached to the top of the instrument panel on the
driver’s side.
137
Capacities and specifications
• On the safety compliance
certification label. This label is
required by the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration and
is made of special material. If it is
tampered with, it will be
destroyed or a destruction
pattern will appear.
Incomplete vehicles
On completed derivations of incomplete vehicles, the safety compliance
certification label is affixed at a location determined by a subsequent
stage manufacturer of the completed vehicle. In these cases the
completed vehicle is manufactured in two or more stages by two or more
separate manufacturers.
138
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
139
Index
Aiming headlamps ....................125
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ..........................46
and child safety seats ..............47
description ................................46
disposal ......................................49
indicator light ...........................48
passenger air bag .....................47
Air conditioning
manual heating and air
conditioning system .......16,17,18
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
description ................................64
Battery .......................................108
voltage gauge ............................12
Brake fluid
checking and adding ..............100
Brakes ..........................................63
anti-lock .....................................63
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light .............................63
fluid, checking and adding ....100
Brake-shift interlock ...................65
Break-in period .............................2
Bulbs, replacing ........................122
headlamps ...............................123
specifications ..........................125
Changing a tire ...........................85
Child safety seats ........................51
Chime
headlamps on ..............................9
Cleaning your vehicle ...............125
engine compartment ..............127
fabric ........................................128
instrument panel ....................128
plastic parts ............................127
safety belts ..............................128
tail lamps .................................128
washing ....................................126
waxing .....................................126
wheels ......................................126
windows ..................................128
140
Controls .......................................20
Emission control system ..........121
Engine ........................................134
check engine temperature
warning, message center .........96
service points ............................96
Engine block heater ...................61
Engine coolant
checking and adding .......101,102
disposal ....................................103
refill capacities ........................103
Engine oil ...............................97,99
changing oil and oil filter .........99
checking and adding ...........97,99
Exhaust fumes ............................62
Fail safe cooling ........................103
Fuel
calculating fuel economy .......120
improving fuel economy ..........76
octane rating ...........................119
quality ......................................120
running out of fuel .................120
safety information relating
to automotive fuels ................118
Fuel gauge ...................................10
Fuel pump shut-off switch .........77
Fuse panels
instrument panel ......................79
power distribution box .............82
Fuses ............................................79
Gauges, Mechanical ....................10
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................11
Hazard flashers ...........................77
Headlamps ...................................13
daytime running lights .............13
flashing ......................................14
high beam .................................13
Heating ........................................14
High beams
indicator light .............................9
Index
Hood
release lever ..............................96
Ignition
positions of the ignition ...........21
Instrument panel
lighting up panel and interior .14
Jump-starting your vehicle ...91,93
attaching cables ........................92
disconnecting cables ................93
Keys
key in ignition chime .................9
Lamps
interior lamps ....................28,124
Lights, warning and indicator
air bag ..........................................8
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..............6
brake ............................................6
charging system ..........................8
engine oil pressure .....................9
safety belt ...................................8
service engine soon .................6,7
turn signal indicator ...................8
Load limits
trailer towing ............................69
Lubricant specifications ...........132
Mirrors
side view mirrors (power) .......30
Odometer .....................................12
Overdrive .....................................27
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................31
Parking brake ..............................64
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....129
Power door locks ........................29
Power steering
fluid, checking and adding ....105
Refill capacities for fluids ........129
Relays .....................................79,84
Remote entry system .................30
illuminated entry .................33,34
locking/unlocking doors ......30,31
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................32
replacing the batteries .............31
Reporting safety defects ..........139
Safety restraints
extension assembly ..................44
for children ...............................49
lap and shoulder belts ...40,41,42
maintenance ..............................45
proper use .................................39
warning light and chime ..9,44,45
Safety seats for children
attaching with tether straps ....54
tether anchorage
hardware .........................54,55,57
Seats
adjusting the seat, manual .......34
adjusting the seat, power ........35
bench seat ............................36,37
lumbar support .........................36
quick release rear captain’s
chair ......................................38,39
Servicing your vehicle ................95
precautions when servicing .....95
Snowplowing .................................3
Special notice
ambulance conversions ..............3
diesel-powered vehicles .............3
Speed control ..............................22
canceling a set speed ...............25
resuming a set speed ...............25
tap up/tap down ..................23,24
turning off .................................22
Speedometer ...............................10
Starting your vehicle .............59,61
Tilt steering wheel ......................26
Tires ....................................114,115
changing ...............................85,86
checking the pressure ............115
replacing .............................88,117
rotating ....................................115
snow tires and chains ............117
141
Index
treadwear ................................114
Traction-lok rear axle ...............107
Trailer towing ..............................70
tips .............................................76
Transmission .............................106
automatic operation ..65,66,67,68
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................106
Transmission control indictor
light ................................................8
Trip odometer .............................12
Turn signal
lever ...........................................21
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................137
142
Vehicle loading ............................68
Ventilating your vehicle .............62
Warning chimes .............................6
Windows
power windows, operating .......29
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....101
checking and replacing wiper
blades ......................................113
operation ...................................26
Wrecker towing ...........................94
143
Filling station information
Fuel information
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil
specifications
Tire size and
pressure
Hood release
location
Fuel filler location
144
Unleaded only - 87 octane
Refer to Refill capacities in the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
Use only oil displaying the American
Petroleum Institute Certification Mark SAE
5W-30
See Safety Compliance Certification Label on
inside of driver door
Bottom left of driver side instrument panel
Left rear of vehicle
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