Ford 1998 Ranger Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
16
Seating and safety restraints
37
Starting and driving
Starting
59
Driving
64
Roadside emergencies
93
Servicing
Maintenance and care
110
Capacities and specifications
147
Reporting safety defects
155
Index
156
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1997 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a warning. Read the
following section on Warnings for a
full explanation.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full use of the brakes for the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles).
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of utility type vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
2
Introduction
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
Using your vehicle as a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
package.
Electric vehicles
For information on operating your Electric Vehicle, also refer to the
Electric Vehicle Owner’s Guide Supplement.
3
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 6)
Headlamp control
(pg. 16)
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 17)
60 70
50
F
30
20
10
L
ABS
80
100
90
120
60
H
E
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
140
000000
40
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
P
H
H
100
180
20
R
N D 2 1
L
BRAKE
!
P
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
L
OFF
RS
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
COAST
SRS
Turn signal and wiper/washer control
(pg. 24, 29)
4
Speed control
(pg. 24)
Driver side
air bag
(pg. 47)
Instrumentation
Auxiliary power point
(pg. 23)
Electronic sound system;
refer to Audio Guide
(pg. 24)
L
SEEK
TUNE
SM
2
1
3
4
AM-FM
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Passenger air bag deactivate
switch
(pg. 51)
Climate control systems
(pg. 17)
5
Instrumentation
STANDARD INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
60 70
50
CHECK
ENGINE
F
H
80
100
30
20
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
R
N D 2 1
L
!
ABS
H
H
100
180
20
P
L
<FUEL DOOR
140
000000
40
DOOR
AJAR
90
120
60
10
E
80
0 0 0
40
SPEED
CONT
THEFT
BRAKE
O/D
OFF
L
OPTIONAL INSTRUMENT CLUSTER
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
F
E
ABS
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
BRAKE
P
40
90
120
60
2
C
50
40
RPMx1000
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
THEFT
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
O/D
OFF
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System
(OBD II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that
your vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD
II system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
6
Instrumentation
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel.
(The engine may misfire or run poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Check Engine light should turn off.
(A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by mixed
city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
7
Instrumentation
Fuel reset (if equipped)
Illuminates when the ignition key is
turned to the ON position and the
fuel pump shut-off switch has been
triggered. For more information,
refer to Fuel pump shut-off switch
in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
FUEL
RESET
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
!
and the engine is off. Also
BRAKE
illuminates when the parking brake
is engaged. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
and the engine is off. If the light
remains on, continues to flash or
fails to illuminate, have the system
serviced immediately.
8
ABS
Instrumentation
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously,
check for a burned-out turn signal
bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Alarm system (if equipped)
Illuminates when the alarm system
is pre-arming and flashes when the
alarm system is active. Refer to
Perimeter alarm system in the
Controls and features chapter.
THEFT
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the transmission
control switch has been pushed.
O/D
When the light is on, the
OFF
transmission does not shift into
overdrive. If the light does not come
on when the transmission control switch is depressed or if the light
flashes when you are driving, have your vehicle serviced.
9
Instrumentation
Check gage (if equipped)
Illuminates when the key is in the
CHECK
ON position and the engine coolant
temperature is high, the engine oil
GAGE
pressure is low or the fuel level is
near empty. Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge, Engine oil
pressure gauge or Fuel gauge in this chapter for more information.
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
low is engaged.
Four wheel drive high (if equipped)
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
high is engaged.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
4WD
LOW
4WD
HIGH
DOOR
AJAR
Speed control (if equipped)
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET/ACCEL or RESUME controls
are pressed. It turns off when the
CONT
speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF
position.
10
Instrumentation
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and either front door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
STANDARD INSTRUMENT CLUSTER GAUGES
60 70
50
30
H
20
10
L
<FUEL DOOR
ABS
80
100
!
BRAKE
90
120
60
F
E
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
140
000000
40
160
180
20
MPH
P
R
H
100
DOOR
AJAR
H
110
km/h 120
N D 2 1
L
THEFT
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
L
11
Instrumentation
OPTIONAL INSTRUMENT CLUSTER GAUGES
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
F
E
ABS
40
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
P
40
90
120
60
2
C
50
RPMx1000
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
THEFT
O/D
OFF
BRAKE
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty,
there is a small amount of reserve
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
vehicle from empty indication, the
amount of fuel that can be added will be less than the advertised
capacity due to the reserve fuel.
The FUEL DOOR icon and arrow indicates which side of the vehicle the
fuel filler door is located.
F
E
12
Instrumentation
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
H
C
Never remove the coolant recovery cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Tachometer (if equipped)
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
4
3
5
6
RPMx1000
2
1
0
13
Instrumentation
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
80
100
90
120
60
30
20
140
000000
40
km/h 120
MPH
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
100
80
90
120
60
30
20
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
140
000000
40
40
80
0 0 0
100
10
14
20
MPH
90
120
60
20
110
km/h 120
60 70
80
40
100
180
MPH
50
30
160
20
10
110
180
20
10
100
160
140
000000
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “H” and “L”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to
Checking and adding engine oil in
the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct,
have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified
technician.
H
L
H
L
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
H
L
15
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps only. Rotate to the second
position to also turn on the
headlamps.
OFF
Foglamp control (if equipped)
Turn on the low-beam headlamps
and press the foglamp control to
activate the foglamps. The foglamp
control will illuminate when the
foglamps are on.
Press the foglamp control a second time to deactivate the foglamps.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the highbeam headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the engine must be running and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
The Daytime Running Light (DRL) system will not illuminate the
tail lamps and parking lamps. Turn on your headlamps at dusk.
Failure to do so may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
16
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
DIM
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
OFF
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
17
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
•
•
•
•
•
•
OFF
(Vent)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air
through the floor ducts.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the floor
ducts and the windshield defroster ducts.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will help to prevent
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the jumper seats (if equipped).
18
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
19
Controls and features
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except
and
. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Vent)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
•
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
•
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
20
Controls and features
•
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
•
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control knob is anywhere in
between the full hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through
the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the
instrument panel registers. If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
higher, the air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to
prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts.
•
It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will prevent your
windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats (if equipped).
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
21
Controls and features
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
22
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Controls and features
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
SEEK
TUNE
1
2
3
4
AM-FM
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The auxiliary power point is located on the instrument panel. This outlet
should be used in place of the cigarette lighter for optional electrical
accessories.
PASSENGER AIR BAG DEACTIVATE SWITCH
This switch must be used to
deactivate the passenger air bag
ON
whenever a child seat is used in the
OFF
right front or center front passenger
seat position. Refer to Passenger
OFF
air bag deactivate switch in the
Seating and safety restraints
PASSENGER AIRBAG
chapter.
23
Controls and features
AUDIO SYSTEM
Refer to the “Audio Guide” in your owner portfolio.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
24
Controls and features
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET ACC/SET ACCEL. For
speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
25
Controls and features
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Release the control when
the desired vehicle speed is
RSM
reached or
SET
• Press and release SET ACC/SET
ACC
ACCEL. Each press will increase
the set speed by 1.6 km/h
COAST
(1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal, then press and release SET
ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET ACC/SET
ACCEL.
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
26
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal
(if equipped).
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
27
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
Indicator light (if equipped)
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET ACC/SET ACCEL or
RES/RSM/RESUME controls are
CONT
pressed. It turns off when the speed
control OFF control is pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts to second, third and
fourth gear.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
O/D
ON/OFF
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
O/D
ON/OFF
to normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL will no longer be
illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
28
Controls and features
TILT STEERING (IF EQUIPPED)
Push the steering control away from
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Tip the steering wheel to
the desired position, then pull the
control back into place to lock the
steering wheel in position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard lights
control in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle.
29
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The window will
open fully. Depress again to stop
window operation.
AUTO
30
Controls and features
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press the top of the control to
unlock all doors and the bottom to
lock all doors.
UNLOCK
LOCK
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select
to adjust the left mirror or
to adjust the right mirror.
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
CENTER CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
variety of console features. These
include:
• utility compartment with
cassette/compact disc storage
• auxiliary power point
• cupholders
• coin holder slots
• ashtray
• flip up armrest
31
Controls and features
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The doors
will lock again, the horn will chirp
and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn
will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close all
doors.
32
Controls and features
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2)
This device must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• battery weakness due to time and use
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE FRONT PART OF THE TRANSMITTER
APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back together.
33
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer for reprogramming if:
• a transmitter is lost or
• you want to purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed).
Reprogramming transmitters
To reprogram all transmitters, place the key in the ignition and switch
from OFF to ON eight times in a row (within 10 seconds). After doors
lock/unlock, press any button on all transmitters (up to four). When
completed, switch the ignition to OFF.
All transmitters must be reprogrammed at the same time.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the START or ACC position. The dome lamp switch
(if equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated
entry system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
34
Controls and features
PERIMETER ALARM SYSTEM
Arming the system
When armed, this system will help protect your vehicle from
unauthorized entry. When unauthorized entry occurs, the system will
flash the parking lamps and the theft indicator lamp, and chirp the horn.
The system is ready to arm whenever the ignition is turned OFF. Any of
the following actions will prearm the alarm system:
• Press the remote entry lock
control
• Open a door and press the power
door lock control to lock the
doors
If a door is open, the system is prearmed and is waiting for the door to
close. The theft indicator in the instrument panel will be lit continuously
when the system is prearmed.
Once the doors are closed, the system will arm in 30 seconds.
When you press the lock control
twice within 5 seconds, the horn will
chirp once to let you know that the
system is armed.
If the doors are not closed and you press the remote entry transmitter
twice to confirm the doors are locked, the horn will chirp twice to warn
you that the system is not arming.
35
Controls and features
Disarming the system
You can disarm the system by any of the following actions:
• Unlock the doors by using your
remote entry transmitter.
• Unlock the doors with a key. Turn
the key full travel (toward the
front of the vehicle) to make sure
the alarm disarms.
• Turn ignition to ACC or ON.
• Press the panic control on the
remote entry transmitter. This
will disarm the system only if the
alarm is sounding.
36
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Front seats
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
37
Seating and safety restraints
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Using the manual lumbar support
Turn the lumbar support control
clockwise to increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
counterclockwise to increase
softness.
REAR SEATS
Center facing jump seat (2 door SuperCab) (if equipped)
To open, pull inboard and down on the seat handle.
To stow the seat, pull seat bottom back to the fully upright position.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
38
Seating and safety restraints
Center facing jump seat (4 door SuperCab)(if equipped)
To open, lift handle and pull seat
assembly down, then raise seatback.
To stow the seat, fold seat back
down and raise seat assembly to the
fully upright position.
Do not install a child seat in
a center facing jump seat.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To prevent the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
wear their safety belts.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
39
Seating and safety restraints
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing it around your neck over the inside shoulder. 3) Never
use a single belt for more than one person.
On four-door SuperCab vehicles, do not open the rear door when
the rear seat belt is still buckled.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. To fasten, insert the tongue into
the slot in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the red release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are combination lap
and shoulder belts. The front passenger outboard safety belt has two
types of locking modes described below:
40
Seating and safety restraints
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in the vehicle. Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
41
Seating and safety restraints
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the shoulder belt so the belt rests across
the middle of your shoulder.
• Regular Cab
42
Seating and safety restraints
• 2–door SuperCab
• 4–door SuperCab
To lower the shoulder belt height, push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height adjustment assembly to make sure
it is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
43
Seating and safety restraints
Lap belts
Adjusting the front center seat lap belt (if equipped)
The lap belt does not adjust automatically. Adjust to fit snugly and as low
as possible around your hips. Do not wear the lap belt around your waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle. To lengthen the belt, turn
the tongue at a right angle to the
belt and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
44
Seating and safety restraints
Adjusting the rear center facing jump seat lap belt (if equipped)
The lap belts for rear center facing jump seat occupants have automatic
retractors for the belt tongue and a fixed position buckle.
To fasten the belt, pull the belt all
the way across your hips and insert
the tongue into the buckle on your
rear door until you hear a snap and
feel it latch. Make sure the buckle is
securely fastened by pulling on the tongue.
• Position the belt so that it fits snugly and as low as possible around
the hips.
• If you need to lengthen the belt, unfasten it and repeat the procedure
above.
To unfasten the belt, push in the release button prior to opening the rear
door.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
45
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes
and the warning chime sounds for
four to eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Safety belt maintenance
Check the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Check the safety belts to make sure there
are no nicks, wears or cuts. All safety belt assemblies, including
retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle assemblies (slide bar)
(if equipped), shoulder belt height adjusters (if equipped), child safety
seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and attaching hardware,
should be inspected after a collision. Ford recommends that all safety
belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a collision be replaced.
However, if the collision was minor and a qualified technician finds that
the belts do not show damage and continue to operate properly, they do
not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a
collision should also be inspected and replaced if either damage or
improper operation is noted.
Failure to replace the safety belt assembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries in the event of
a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
46
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
60 70
50
80
100
20
E
L
90
120
60
30
H
10
ABS
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
F
140
000000
40
160
H
H
110
km/h 120
MPH
P
100
180
20
R
N D 2 1
L
BRAKE
!
P
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
L
SEEK
OFF
TUNE
RSM
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
2
1
3
4
AM-FM
COAST
SRS
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle including the driver should always
properly wear their safety belts even when air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always use appropriate child restraints.
NHTSA recommends a minimum distance of at least ten (10)
inches between an occupant’s chest and the air bag module.
47
Seating and safety restraints
The right front passenger air bag is not designed to restrain
occupants in the center front seating position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air inflation area may cause those objects
to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing serious
injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly restrained. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Child seats
should never be placed in the front seats, unless passenger air
bag switch is turned off. See Passenger air bag deactivate switch.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are
designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover,
side-impact, or rear-impacts.
48
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor burns, abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there
is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not
properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
49
Seating and safety restraints
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules
(which include the inflators and air bags)
• one or more impact and safing sensors, passenger air bag deactivation
switch and diagnostic monitor (RCM)
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The RCM (restraints control module) monitors its own internal circuits
and the supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the
passenger air bag deactivation switch, the impact sensors, the system
wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air bag back up power and
the air bag ignitors).
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses readiness lights in the instrument cluster and the
passenger air bag deactivate switch or a tone to indicate the condition of
the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in the
Instrumentation chapter or Passenger air bag deactivate switch
section in this chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is not
required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness lights will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness lights will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
50
Seating and safety restraints
Passenger air bag deactivate switch
Your vehicle has a passenger air bag
deactivate switch. This switch MUST
be used to activate or deactivate the
passenger air bag whenever a child
seat is used in the right front or
center front passenger seat position.
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Keep the passenger air bag turned on unless there is a child seat
installed in the front seat. When the passenger air bag switch is
turned off, the passenger air bag will not inflate in a collision.
If the passenger air bag switch is turned off, it increases the likelihood of
injury to forward facing occupants in the passenger seat.
Turning the passenger air bag off
1. Insert the ignition key, turn the
switch to OFF and remove the key.
2. When the ignition is turned to the
ON position the OFF light
illuminates briefly, momentarily
shuts off and then turns back on.
This indicates that the passenger air
bag is deactivated.
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
If the light fails to illuminate when the passenger air bag switch
is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.
In order to avoid inadvertent deployment of the passenger air
bag, always remove the ignition key from the passenger air bag
deactivate switch.
51
Seating and safety restraints
Turning the passenger air bag back on
The passenger air bag remains OFF until you turn it back ON.
1. Insert the ignition key and turn
the switch to ON.
ON
OFF
2. The OFF light will briefly
illuminate when the ignition is
OFF
turned to On. This indicates that the
passenger air bag is operational.
PASSENGER AIRBAG
If the light is illuminated when the passenger air bag switch is in
the ON position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.
Keep the passenger air bag turned on unless there is a child seat
installed in the front seat. When the passenger air bag switch is
turned off, the passenger air bag will not inflate in a collision.
CHILDREN AND SAFETY BELTS
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
If the shoulder belt cannot be properly positioned:
• move the child to one of the seats with a lap belt only (if equipped) or
• if the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
52
Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, place children in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident
statistics suggest that children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating position.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
53
Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Make sure the tongue is securely
fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button
pointing up and away from the
safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the
release button, to prevent
accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
54
Seating and safety restraints
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
Air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must use a
forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all the way
back.
Air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Child seats
should be never be placed in the front seats, unless passenger
air bag switch is turned off. See Passenger air bag deactivation
switch.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
55
Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle for that seating
position until you hear and feel the
latch engage. Make sure the tongue
is latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
56
Seating and safety restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
In SuperCabs equipped with Center Facing Jump Seats, the tether strap
anchor bracket should be installed only at the center of the cab’s back
panel with the child seat in the front center seating position. Installing
an anchor bracket at the right rear of the cab may increase risk of injury
to an occupant of the right rear center facing jump seat in the event of a
collision or a sudden stop. If a tether child seat is installed in the right
57
Seating and safety restraints
front seating position, secure the tether strap to the webbing of the
buckled right rear lap belt.
You can attach a tether strap anchor bracket to the cab inner back panel
by using a tether anchor kit (613D74) available at no charge from any
Ford dealer.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
Tether anchorage hardware
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
58
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
59
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
•
If
•
•
Make sure the gearshift is in P (Park).
starting a vehicle with a manual transmission:
Make sure the parking brake is set.
Push the clutch pedal to the
floor.
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
60
Starting
60 70
50
CHECK
ENGINE
F
H
80
0 0 0
40
100
80
30
20
10
E
140
000000
40
160
H
H
100
180
20
110
km/h 120
MPH
P
L
90
120
60
R
N D 2 1
L
SPEED
CONT
!
ABS
BRAKE
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
F
30
20
1
ABS
50
40
RPMx1000
80
0 0 0
80
10
0
BRAKE
P
40
L
60 70
100
90
120
60
!
E
6
2
C
<FUEL DOOR
FUEL
RESET
5
O/D
OFF
140
000000
160
MPH
100
180
20
H
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
R N D 2 1
SPEED
CONT
L
110
H
4WD
LOW
L
THEFT
O/D
OFF
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the light ( ) will not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return
to 4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
61
Starting
2. If the engine does not start within five seconds, wait ten seconds and
try again.
3. If the engine does not start in two attempts or if the temperature is
below -12°C (10°F), depress the accelerator and start the engine while
holding the accelerator down. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below. Your engine block heater also comes with a battery
warmer. The battery warmer wraps around the battery and keeps the
battery warm when the engine block heater is plugged in.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
62
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
63
Driving
BRAKES
Your brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the “Service Guide” for scheduled
maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Rear anti-lock brake system (RABS)
Rear Anti-lock Brake System (RABS) is standard equipment on this
vehicle. RABS is designed to help you maintain directional stability in
emergency stopping situations. With RABS, the rear brakes are kept from
locking during panic stops; however, the front wheels can lock because
they are not controlled by RABS. You should apply the brakes with
steadily increasing force, as if “squeezing” the brakes. If you feel the
front wheels begin to lock, momentarily release the pedal and repeat the
“squeeze” technique. Whenever the front wheels lock, the vehicle cannot
be steered.
A clicking noise and slight pedal pulsation during RABS braking events
indicates the RABS is functioning. Pedal pulsation coupled with clicking
noise while braking under panic conditions on loose gravel, wet or snowy
roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s RABS. If
the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder while braking, felt mainly
in the steering wheel, the vehicle most likely needs service.
The RABS operates by detecting the onset of rear wheel lockup during
brake applications and compensating for this tendency.
64
Driving
RABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster illuminates if a RABS
fault is detected. Have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
Normal braking is still effective
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
!
also illuminated.
BRAKE
Using RABS
• In an emergency, applying full pressure may cause the front wheels to
lock. If the front brakes lock, the vehicle cannot be steered. You
should apply the brakes with steadily increasing force, as if
“squeezing” the brakes. If you feel the front wheels begin to lock,
momentarily release the pedal and repeat the “squeeze” technique.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with how the RABS
performs. However, avoid unnecessary risks.
Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder
while braking, felt mainly in the steering wheel, the vehicle most likely
needs service.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lock up during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking.
65
Driving
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster illuminates for about
five seconds when starting the vehicle. If an ABS fault is detected, the
light will remain on and your vehicle should be serviced as soon as
possible.
Normal braking is still effective
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
!
also illuminated.
BRAKE
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
66
!
BRAKE
Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not designed to stop a moving vehicle. However, if
the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop your
vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the rear
brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will be adversely affected.
Pull the release lever to release the
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Automatic transmission operation
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown. Refer to Fuses and relays in the
Roadside emergencies chapter.
67
Driving
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting between forward and reverse gears in a steady pattern. Press
lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
(2.5L and 3.0L engines only)
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from position to position. If you do not hold the brake pedal
down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park).
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
68
Driving
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the
position. The TCIL will illuminate on the instrument cluster.
Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides
more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Towing a trailer chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control switch.
To return to
The TCIL will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
69
Driving
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
Driving with a 5–speed automatic transmission (4.0L engines only)
Understanding gearshift positions
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from position to position. If you do not hold the brake pedal
down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into or out of P
(Park). Make sure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
70
Driving
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through five.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the
position. The TCIL will illuminate on the instrument cluster.
Transmission operates in gears one through four.
(Drive) provides
more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful whenever driving
conditions (i.e., city traffic, hilly terrain, etc.) cause the transmission to
excessively shift between
(Overdrive) and
(Drive). Also deactivate
(Overdrive) when:
• driving with a heavy load
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills
• additional engine braking is desired.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control switch.
To return to
The TCIL will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
71
Driving
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades. Transmission operates
in third gear.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear and will
shift to 1 (First) after the vehicle decelerates to the proper vehicle
speed.
Driving a manual transmission (if equipped)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission have a starter interlock
that prevents cranking the engine
unless the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a
manual transmission:
1. Hold down the brake pedal.
2. Depress the clutch pedal.
3. Put the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral).
4. Crank the engine and let it idle for a few seconds.
• Put the gearshift in 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
5. Release the clutch slowly while pressing gradually down on the
accelerator pedal.
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal. Do not use
the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions may reduce clutch life.
72
Driving
Recommended shift speeds
Upshifts when accelerating (for best fuel economy)
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
1-2
14 km/h (10 mph)
5 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
32 km/h (22 mph)
11 km/h (9 mph)
3-4
50 km/h (33 mph)
19 km/h (13 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
71 km/h (41 mph)
27 km/h (17 mph)
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
1-2
16 km/h (10 mph)
6 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
26 km/h (19 mph)
10 km/h (8 mph)
3-4
43 km/h (28 mph)
16 km/h (12 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
68 km/h (40 mph)
26 km/h (16 mph)
Maximum downshift speeds
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
5 (Overdrive) - 4
88 km/h (55 mph)
34 km/h (22 mph)
4-3
72 km/h (45 mph)
34 km/h (18 mph)
3-2
56 km/h (35 mph)
21 km/h (14 mph)
2-1
32 km/h (20 mph)
11 km/h (8 mph)
Parking
1. Apply the brake and shift into N
(Neutral).
73
Driving
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
4. Turn the ignition to Off.
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
fully.
Reverse
Ensure that the vehicle is at a complete stop before shifting into R
(Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
Put the gearshift into N and wait at least several seconds before shifting
into R.
You can shift into R (Reverse) only by moving the gearshift from left of
3 (Third) and 4 (Fourth) gears before you shift into R (Reverse). This is
a special lockout feature that protects you from accidentally shifting into
R (Reverse) when you downshift from 5 (Overdrive).
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
All utility-type vehicles and 4WD vehicles have special design and
equipment features to make them capable of performing in a wide
variety of off-road applications. Specific design characteristics give them
higher centers of gravity than ordinary passenger cars.
74
Driving
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
4WD operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing so could
result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case, increased tire wear
and decreased fuel economy.
4WD system indicator lights
The 4WD system indicator lights illuminate only under the following
conditions. If these lights illuminate during normal driving, have your
vehicle serviced.
• 4WD HIGH – illuminates when
the ignition is turned on or when
4H (4WD High) is selected.
4WD
HIGH
• 4WD LOW – illuminates when
the ignition is turned on and 4L
(4WD Low) is selected.
4WD
LOW
Using the electronic shift 4WD system (if equipped)
Positions of the electronic shift system
2WD (2WD High) – Power to rear axle only.
4X4 HIGH (4WD High) – Power delivered to front and rear axles for
increased traction.
4X4 LOW (4WD Low) – Power to front and rear axles at low speeds.
75
Driving
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 HIGH (4WD High)
Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH.
4X4
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
At temperatures below 0°C (32°F),
shifts from 2WD to 4X4 HIGH
should not be performed above
72 km/h (45 mph).
• Do not shift into 4X4 HIGH with
the rear wheels slipping.
Shifting from 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) to 2WD (2WD high)
Move the 4WD control to 2WD at
4X4
any forward speed. You do not need
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
to put the gearshift in R (Reverse)
to disengage your front hubs.
Shifting between 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) and 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH or 4X4 LOW position.
4X4
2WD
76
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Driving
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck, shift the transmission in a steady motion between
forward and reverse gears. Allow the transmission to engage, then press
lightly on the accelerator.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine can
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
77
Driving
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts
and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission and transfer case are submerged in water, their fluids
should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
checked and changed, if necessary. The rear axle is filled with a
synthetic lubricant and does not normally require a lubricant change for
the life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities should not need to
be checked unless a leak is suspected.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Rapid pumping of
the brake pedal will help slow the vehicle and still maintain steering
control.
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
78
Driving
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button to resume speeds over 50 km/h
(30 mph).
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
(Overdrive) into
D (Drive).
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
79
Driving
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) : Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying capacity for each
axle system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) : Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is allowed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating : Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight : maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range : Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower weight capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher weight limit than the
originals do not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
80
Driving
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the Safety Compliance Certification Label to find the axle code
number and engine type for your vehicle.
2. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
3. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
4. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (truck)/wheel rims (car).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle may tow a class I, II or III trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio on the following charts.
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully after any towing operation.
81
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 manual transmission)
Engine Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum frontal
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
area of trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.)
(ft2)
(0-maximum)
Regular Cab 4x2
2.5L
3.45
Not recommended for trailer towing
2.5L
3.73
2 177
0-717
Equal to frontal
(4 800)
(0-1 580)
area of base vehicle
3.0L
3.45
2 267
0-789
Equal to frontal
(5 000)
(0-1 740)
area of base vehicle
3.0L
3.73
2 721
0-1 225
4.64 (50)
(6 000)
(0-2 700)
4.0L
3.08
2 267
0-753
Equal to frontal
(5 000)
(0-1 660)
area of base vehicle
4.0L
3.55 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 651 (0-3 640)
4.64 (50)
Regular Cab 4x2 (Splash or Special Suspension)
2.5L
3.73
2 177
0-680
Equal to frontal
(4 800)
(0-1 500)
area of base vehicle
3.0L
3.73
2 449
0-907
Equal to frontal
(5 400)
(0-2 000)*
area of base vehicle
4.0L
3.08
2 267
0-717
Equal to frontal
(5 000)
(0-1 580)
area of base vehicle
4.0L
3.55
2 495
0-907
Equal to frontal
(5 500)
(0-2 000)*
area of base vehicle
SuperCab 4x2
2.5L
3.73
2 177
0-626
Equal to frontal
(4 800)
(0-1 380)
area of base vehicle
3.0L
3.45
2 267
0-698
Equal to frontal
(5 000)
(0-1 540)
area of base vehicle
3.0L
3.73 2 271 (6 000) 0-1 133 (0-2 500)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.08
2 267
0-635
Equal to frontal
(5 000)
(0-1 400)
area of base vehicle
4.0L
3.55 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 542 (0-3 400)
4.64 (50)
82
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 manual transmission)
SuperCab 4x2 (Splash or Special Suspension)
3.0L
3.73
2 540
0-907
Equal to frontal
(5 600)
(0-2 000)*
area of base vehicle
4.0L
3.08
2 267
0-635
Equal to frontal
(5 000)
(0-1 400)
area of base vehicle
4.0L
3.55
2 540
0-907
Equal to frontal
(5 600)
(0-2 000)*
area of base vehicle
*Optional payload is not available on 4x2 Splash or Special Suspension,
therefore maximum trailer weight is 907 kg. (2 000 lbs.).
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft.) elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table see Vehicle Loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your particular
vehicle, see Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Engine
3.0L
4.0L
4.0L
Trailer tow table (4x4 manual transmission)
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
frontal area of
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) trailer-m2 (ft2)
Regular Cab
3.73
2 721 (6 000) 0-1 080 (0-2 380) Equal to frontal
area of base
vehicle.
3.27
2 721 (6 000) 0-907 (0-2 000)
Equal to frontal
area of base
vehicle.
3.73
3 175 (7 000) 0-1 515 (0-3 340) Equal to frontal
area of base
vehicle.
83
Driving
Trailer tow table (4x4 manual transmission)
Regular Cab (Splash)
3.0L
3.73
2 721 (6 000) 0-1 070 (0-2 360)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
2 721 (6 000) 0-907 (0-2 000)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
3 175 (7 000) 0-1 497 (0-3 300)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab
3.0L
3.73
2 721 (6 000) 0-1 007 (0-2 220)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
2 721 (6 000) 0-907 (0-2 000)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
3 175 (7 000) 0-1 442 (0-3 180)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab (Splash)
3.0L
3.73
2 721 (6 000) 0-998 (0-2 200)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
2 721 (6 000) 0-907 (0-2 000)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
3 175 (7 000) 0-1 424 (0-3 140)
4.64 (50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft.) of elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table, see Vehicle loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your vehicle, see
Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Trailer towing table (4x2 automatic transmission)
Engine Rear
Maximum
Maximum trailer Maximum frontal
axle
GCWR-kg
weight-kg (lbs.) area of trailer-m2
ratio
(lbs.)
(0-maximum)
(ft2)
Regular Cab 4x2
2.5L 4.10 2 494 (5 500) 0-1 007 (2 220)
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
3.0L 3.45 3 175 (7 000) 0-1 660 (0-3 660)
4.64 (50)
3.0L 3.73 3 401 (7 500) 0-1 814 (0-4 000)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.08 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 179 (0-2 600)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.55 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 721 (0-6 000)
4.64 (50)
84
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 automatic transmission)
Regular Cab 4x2 (Splash or Special Suspension)
2.5L 3.73 2 449 (5 400) 0-907 (0-2 000)*
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
3.0L 3.73 2 449 (5 400) 0-907 (0-2 000)*
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
4.0L 3.08 2 495 (5 500) 0-907 (0-2 000)*
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
4.0L 3.55 2 495 (5 500) 0-907 (0-2 000)*
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
SuperCab 4x2
3.0L 3.73 3 401 (7 500) 0-1 796 (0-3 960)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.08 2 721 (6 000) 0-1 080 (0-2 380)
4.64 (50)
4.0L 3.55 4 309 (9 500) 0-2 676 (0-5 900)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab 4x2 (Splash or Special Suspension)
3.0L 3.73 2 540 (5 600) 0-907 (0-2 000)*
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
4.0L 3.08 2 586 (5 700) 0-907 (0-2 000)*
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
4.0L 3.55 2 586 (5 700)
0-907 (0-2 000)
Equal to frontal
area of base vehicle
*Optional payload is not available on 4x2 Splash or Special Suspension,
therefore maximum trailer weight is 907 kg. (2 000 lbs.).
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft.) elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table see Vehicle Loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your particular
vehicle, see Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
85
Driving
Trailer tow table (4x4 automatic transmission)
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
frontal area of
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) trailer-m2 (ft2)
Regular Cab
3.0L
3.73
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 741 (0-3 840)
4.64 (50)
3.0L
4.10
3 628 (8 000) 0-1 969 (0-4 340)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 724 (0-3 800)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
4 309 (9 500) 0-2 631 (0-5 800)
4.64 (50)
Regular Cab (Splash)
3.0L
3.73
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 733 (0-3 820)
4.64 (50)
3.0L
4.10
3 628 (8 000) 0-1 960 (0-4 320)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 706 (0-3 760)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
4 309 (9 500) 0-2 613 (0-5 760)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab
3.0L
3.73
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 669 (0-3 680)
4.64 (50)
3.0L
4.10
3 628 (8 000) 0-1 896 (0-4 180)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 651 (3 640)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
4 309 (9 500) 0-2 558 (0-5 640)
4.64 (50)
SuperCab (Splash)
3.0L
3.73
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 660 (0-3 660)
4.64 (50)
3.0L
4.10
3 628 (8 000) 0-1 887 (0-4 160)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.27
3 401 (7 500) 0-1 633 (0-3 600)
4.64 (50)
4.0L
3.73
4 309 (9 500) 0-2 540 (0-5 600)
4.64 (50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters
(1 000 ft.) of elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table, see Vehicle loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your vehicle, see
Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Engine
86
Driving
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the Safety
Compliance Certification Label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
For towing trailers up to 907 kg (2 000 lb), use a weight carrying hitch
and ball which uniformly distributes the trailer tongue loads through the
underbody structure. Use a frame-mounted weight distrubuting hitch for
trailers over 907 kg (2 000 lb).
Do not install a single or multi-clamp type bumper hitch, or a hitch
which attaches to the axle. Underbody mounted hitches are acceptable if
they are installed properly. Follow the towing instructions of a reputable
rental agency.
Whenever a trailer hitch and hardware are removed, make sure all
mounting holes in the underbody are properly sealed to prevent noxious
gases or water from entering.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
87
Driving
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper
The optional step bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires
only a ball with a 19 mm (3/4 inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a
907 kg (2 000 lb.) trailer weight and 91 kg (200 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
The rated capcities (as shown in this guide) for trailer towing with the
factory bumper are only valid when the trailer hitch ball is installed
directly into the ball hole in the bumper. Addition of bracketry to either
lower the ball hitch position or extend the ball hitch rearward will
significantly increase the loads on the bumper and its attachments. This
can result in the failure of the bumper or the bumper attachments. Use
of any type of hitch extensions should be considered abuse.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to the Severe Duty Schedule in your
“Service Guide” for more information.
88
Driving
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmissions) or 1 (First)
(manual transmissions) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (six inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions and reliability.
If the rear axle is submerged in water, the rear axle lubricant should be
changed. Axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked unless a leak is
suspected.
Recreational towing (all wheels on the ground)
Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to tow
your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind a
recreational vehicle).
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not
damaged due to insufficient lubrication.
89
Driving
2WD (automatic transmissions)
• Release the parking brake and place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph) must
be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Mark the driveshaft
and axle flanges to ensure proper position when reconnecting the
driveshaft. Refer to the “Workshop Manual” for proper fastener torque
specifications.
When disconnecting/installing the driveshaft, the parking brake
must be set and the wheels blocked to ensure the vehicle does
not roll.
With the driveshaft disconnected, the maximum speed is 88 km/h
(55 mph) and there are no mileage restrictions.
See your dealer for help with disconnecting the driveshaft.
2WD (manual transmissions)
• Release the parking brake and place the transmission in the neutral
position.
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is limited by towing equipment manufacturer’s
recommendation, unlimited distance.
4WD – Electronic shift transfer case
• Release the parking brake and place transmission in the neutral
position.
• Shift the transfer case to 2H (2WD high).
Both the 4WD HIGH and 4WD LOW indicator lights in the instrument
cluster will be off when the 4WD control is in 2WD.
For automatic transmissions, maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph)
and maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
• If you must exceed the distance or 80 km (50 miles) and/or speed of
56 km/h (35 mph), you must remove the rear driveshaft. Mark the
90
Driving
driveshaft and axle flanges to ensure proper position when
reconnecting the driveshaft. Refer to the “Workshop Manual” for
proper fastener torque specifications.
When disconnecting/installing the driveshaft, the parking brake
must be set and the wheels blocked to ensure the vehicle does
not roll.
• When the driveshaft is disconnected, the maximum speed is 88 km/h
(55 mph) and the distance is unlimited.
• If you must exceed the distance or 80 km (50 miles) and/or speed of
56 km/h (35 mph), you must remove the rear driveshaft. Mark the
driveshaft and axle flanges to ensure proper position when
reconnecting the driveshaft. Refer to the “Workshop Manual” for
proper fastener torque specifications.
For manual transmissions, maximum speed is 88 km/h (55 mph) and
distance is unlimited.
Limited vehicle operation, such as driving the vehicle at a campsite, can
be accomplished with the rear driveshaft removed by using the front
drive to propel the vehicle. To operate the vehicle in this condition, you
must follow these guidelines:
• Place the transfer case in 4WD by rotating the 4WD control to 4WD
HIGH.
• Drive the vehicle only on good surface roads to avoid excessive loads
on the front-wheel drive system.
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
• Avoid quick acceleration and steep grades.
To return the vehicle to a towable condition, you must place the transfer
case in 2WD by rotating the 4WD control to 2WD. Both the 4WD HIGH
and 4WD LOW indicator lights in the instrument cluster will be off when
the 4WD control is in 2WD.
In addition, it is recommended that you follow the instruction provided
by the manufacturer of the towing apparatus.
91
Driving
CAMPER BODIES
Your Ranger Pickup is not recommended for slide–in camper bodies.
FUEL CONSUMPTION
Fuel economy can be improved by avoiding:
• lack of regular, scheduled maintenance.
• excessive speed.
• rapid acceleration.
• extended idle.
92
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH (GASOLINE ENGINES ONLY)
If the engine cranks but does not start after a collision, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. A “Fuel Reset” indicator light
may illuminate in the instrument cluster. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in the button on the switch.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
93
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
behind the kick panel.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
94
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
Fuse rating
5 amp
7.5 amp
10 amp
15 amp
20 amp
20 amp fuse link
25 amp
30 amp
30 amp fuse link
40 amp fuse link
50 amp fuse link
60 amp fuse link
80 amp fuse link
100 amp fuse link
Color
Tan
Brown
Red
Light blue
Yellow
Light blue
Natural
Light green
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Black
Dark blue
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located on the left
hand side of the instrument panel
facing the driver’s side door. Pull the
panel cover outward to access the
fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
95
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
Roadside emergencies
30
32
29
31
27
26
22
21
25
18
17
23
14
13
19
10
9
15
11
6
5
7
2
33
1
35
34
3
36
The fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/
Fuse
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
1
7.5A
2
7.5A
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
96
7.5A
10A
10A
7.5A
10A
7.5A
7.5A
Description
Power Mirror Switch
Blower Motor Relay, PAD Module, Air Bag
Diagnostic Monitor
Left Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
Left Headlamp
Data Link Connector (DLC)
NOT USED
Right Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
Right Headlamp, Fog Lamp Relay
Brake Pedal Position Switch
Speed Control Servo/Amplifier Assembly, Generic
Electronic Module (GEM), Shift Lock Actuator,
Blend Door Actuator, A/C-Heater Assembly, Turn
Signals
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/
Fuse
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
11
7.5A
12
13
14
20A
20A or
10A
15
16
7.5A
30A
17
18
25A
15A
19
20
25A
7.5A
21
22
23
24
15A
20A
—
7.5A
25
7.5A
26
10A
27
15A
28
7.5A
Description
Instrument Cluster, Daytime Running Lights
(DRL), RABS Resistor
NOT USED
Brake Pedal Position Switch
20A: If equipped with Rear Anti-Lock Brake
System (RABS) Module. 10A: If equipped with
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module, 4WABS Main Relay
Instrument Cluster
Windshield Wiper Motor, Wiper Hi-Lo Relay,
Wiper Run/Park Relay
Cigar Lighter
Driver’s Unlock Relay, All-Unlock Relay, All-Lock
Relay
PCM Power Diode
RAP Module, Generic Electronic Module (GEM),
Radio
Flasher (Hazard)
Auxiliary Power Socket
Not Used
Clutch Pedal Position (CPP) switch, Starter
Interrupt Relay, Anti-Theft
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Instrument
Cluster
Battery Saver Relay, Electronic Shift Relay,
Interior Lamp Relay, Power Window Relay,
Electronic Shift Control Module, Dome/Map
Lamp, GEM
Electric Shift, Backup Lamps, Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL), Transmission Control Switch
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Radio
97
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/
Relay
Location
29
30
31
32
33
Fuse
Amp
Rating
15A
15A
—
—
15A
34
35
36
—
10A
—
Description
Radio
Park Lamp/Trailer Tow Relay
Not Used
Not Used
Headlamps, Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Module, Instrument Cluster
Not Used
RABS Test Connector
Not Used
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment
near the battery. The power
distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
98
Roadside emergencies
6
1
1
2
14
5
5
4
1
7
10
3
4
8
7
8
3
11
12
2
15
2
6
10
2
3
4
9
13
14
13
11
12
1
9
5
1
175
MEGAFUSE
The high-current fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
50A**
I/P Fuse Panel
40A**
Blower Motor Relay
50A**
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
20A**
Power Windows
50A
Ignition Switch, Starter Relay
10A*
A/C Relay
20A*
Auxiliary Power Point
20A*
Electronic Shift Relay and Electronic Shift
Control Module
15A*
Fog Lamp and Daytime Running Lamps
10A*
Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
10A*
Powertrain Control Module
30A*
4 Wheel Anti-lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
99
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
8
9
10
11
12
13
Fuse Amp
Rating
30A*
20A*
15A*
15A*
30A*
15A*
Description
PCM Relay
Fuel Pump Relay and RAP Module
Horn Relay
Parklamps Relay and Main Light Switch
Main Light Switch and Multifunction Switch
Heated Oxygen Sensor, EGR Vacuum
Regulator, EVR Solenoid, Camshaft Position
Sensor (CMP), Canister Vent Solenoid
14
30A*
Generator Voltage Regulator
15
NOT USED
1
Wiper Park Relay
2
A/C Relay
3
Wiper Hi/Lo Relay
4
PCM Power Relay
5
Fuel Pump Relay
6
Starter Relay
7
Horn Relay
8
Washer Pump Relay
9
Blower Motor Relay
10
Foglamp Relay
11
Not Used
12
Not Used
13
Park Lamp/Trailer Tow Relay
14
Not Used
1
RABS Resistor
1
RABS Diode
2
Electronic Engine Controls Diode
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
100
Roadside emergencies
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary or full-size spare tire. The temporary
spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller than a regular
tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace this tire with a
full-size tire as soon as possible.
It is not recommended that the vehicle be operated in 4WD modes with
a temporary spare. If 4WD operation is necessary, do not operate above
speeds of 16 km/h (10 mph) or for distances above 80 km (50 miles).
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Conventional spare tire information
If you have the conventional spare tire, you can use it as a spare or a
regular tire. The spare is identical to the other tires on your vehicle,
although the wheel may not match.
101
Roadside emergencies
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Tool
Spare tire
Jack, jack
handle, wheel
nut wrench
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of the rear bumper
Regular Cab: behind seats and underneath the jack
and tools cover
SuperCab: stowed in the passenger side rear cab
compartment or behind the jump seat in a separate
tool bag
Four-door models: stowed behind the front seats,
between jump seats and underneath jack and tool
covers.
Removing the spare tire
1. Assemble the jack handle to the lug wrench as shown in the
illustrations.
When connecting the jack handle, assemble the following:
• one handle extension and one
typical extension. To assemble,
slide parts together. To
disconnect, depress button and
pull apart.
• one wheel nut wrench. Depress
button and slide together.
102
Roadside emergencies
2. Insert the straight end of the jack
handle into the rear access hole
located just above the rear bumper
and below the tailgate.
Forward motion will stop and
resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
3. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground
and the cable is slightly slack.
4. Remove the retainer from the spare tire.
Stowing the spare
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing up.
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the spare handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
spare handle ratchets when the tire
is raised to the stowed position. It
will not allow you to overtighten.
4. If your vehicle is equipped with P265/75 R15 AT tires, do not stow a
flat or inflated full size spare tire in the spare tire carrier. The flat full
size tire should be stowed and tied down in the pickup box bed until it
can be repaired.
Tire change procedure
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and place gearshift
lever in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or 1 (First) (manual
transmission).
2. Set the parking brake.
103
Roadside emergencies
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
4. Insert tapered end of the lug
wrench behind hub caps and twist
them off.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
6. Position the jack according to the
following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the tire is a
maximum of 25 mm (1 inch) off the ground.
• Front
104
Roadside emergencies
• Rear
• Never use the differential as a
jacking point.
7. Remove the wheel lug nuts with
the lug wrench.
8. Replace the flat tire with the
spare tire, making sure the valve
stem is facing outward. Reinstall the
lug nuts until the wheel is snug
against the hub. Do not fully tighten
the lug nuts until the wheel has
been lowered.
9. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
10. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
3
4
11. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
Stowing the spare .
12. Stow the jack and lug wrench.
Make sure the jack is fastened so it
5
2
does not rattle when you drive.
13. Unblock the wheels.
105
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which burns skin, eyes, and
clothing.
Preparing your vehicle
Also see the label on the battery.
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle. If you connect your
battery to a 24–volt power supply you can damage your starter, ignition
system and other electrical components.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure they do not touch. Set the parking brake on both vehicles
and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
106
Roadside emergencies
–
–
Connecting the jumper cables
1. Position the vehicles so that they
do not touch one another.
1
4
2. Switch off the engine. Switch off
any unnecessary electrical
+
equipment.
3. Connect the positive (+) terminal
of the discharged battery (1) to the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (2).
3
4. Connect one end of the second
lead to the negative (-) terminal of
2
the booster battery (3) and the
other end to a metal part of the
engine to be started (4), not to the
negative (-) terminal of the discharged battery.
5. Make sure that the jump leads are clear of moving parts of the engine.
+
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
Jump starting
1. Start the booster vehicle and run the engine at moderately increased
speed.
2. Start the engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
3. Once the engine has been started, run both vehicles for a further
three minutes before disconnecting the leads.
107
Roadside emergencies
1
+
–
+
108
4
–
Removing the jumper cables
1. Remove the jumper cables in
reverse order. Take the cable off the
metallic surface (1) first, followed
by the cable on the negative (-)
booster battery terminal (2).
2. Remove the cable from the
positive (+) terminal of the booster
battery (3) and then the discharged
battery (4).
3. After the disabled vehicle has
been started, allow it to idle for a
while so the engine can “relearn” its
idle conditions.
2
3
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment.
Do not tow with slingbelt equipment. Ford Motor Company has not
developed or approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
When calling for a tow truck, tell the operator what kind of vehicle you
have. A towing manual is available from Ford Motor Company for all
authorized tow truck operators. Have your tow truck driver refer to this
manual for proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
109
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a “Service Guide” which makes tracking routine service
easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and
ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P (Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1 (First).
110
Maintenance and care
3. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
4. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N
(Neutral).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom of the instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front center of
the hood.
3. Lift the hood and support it with
the prop rod.
111
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
2.5L I4 engine
1
2
3
10
4
9
5
8
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Brake fluid reservoir
6. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
7. Battery
8. Power steering fluid reservoir
9. Engine oil filler cap
10. Air filter assembly
112
7
6
Maintenance and care
3.0L V6 Vulcan engine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
10
9
8
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
5. Engine oil dipstick
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Clutch fluid reservoir
8. Battery
9. Power steering fluid reservoir
10. Air filter assembly
113
Maintenance and care
4.0L V6 engine
1
10
2
3
4
5
9
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Engine oil filler cap
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
8. Battery
9. Air filter assembly
10. Engine coolant reservoir
114
6
7
8
Maintenance and care
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Check the engine oil each time you fuel your vehicle.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park) (automatic transmissions) or 1 (First) (manual transmissions).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
• 2.5L I4 engine
MIN
MAX
115
Maintenance and care
• 3.0L V6/4.0L V6 engine
ADD 1 QT
FULL
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks (2.5L engine)
or between the ADD and FULL marks (3.0L and 4.0L engine)
the oil level is acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark (2.5L engine) or ADD mark
(3.0L and 4.0L engine), add
enough oil to raise the level
within the MIN-MAX range
(2.5L engine) or the ADD-FULL
range (3.0L and 4.0L engine).
• Oil levels above the MAX mark (2.5L engine) or the letter F in FULL
(3.0L and 4.0L engine) may cause engine damage. Some oil must be
removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
116
Maintenance and care
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the fluid level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the preferred viscosity. Add engine oil through the oil filler
cap. Remove the filler cap and use a funnel to pour oil in the opening.
3. Recheck the oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the MAX
mark or the letter F in FULL on the dipstick.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification mark.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the “Service Guide”.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter
(or another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine
application.
117
Maintenance and care
Changing the engine oil and filter
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the “Service Guide”.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed at least once each
year:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
MIN
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
118
Maintenance and care
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
During normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir will slowly
rise. If the fluid level drops, maintain the fluid level at the step in the
reservoir.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specifications. Refer
to Capacities and specifications.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the FULL line.
119
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
SHER FL
WA
UID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
ON LY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
120
Maintenance and care
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir at least once
a month. Be sure to read and
understand Precautions when
servicing your vehicle in this
chapter.
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the above recommended
interval, the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs,
add engine coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine
coolant maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
water to the engine coolant recovery reservoir-DO NOT ADD DIRECTLY
TO THE RADIATOR. Add straight water only in an emergency, but you
should replace it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as
soon as possible.
121
Maintenance and care
Check the coolant level in the coolant recovery reservoir the next few
times you drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture
of coolant and water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the
reservoir.
Never remove the coolant recovery cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant recovery cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Use Ford Premium Cooling System Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in Canada,
Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an equivalent premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A. Ford Premium Engine Coolant
is an optimized formula that will protect all metals and rubber elastomers
used in Ford cooling systems for four years or 80,000 km (50,000 miles).
Do not use alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine coolants mixed
with alcohol or methanol antifreeze. Do not use supplemental coolant
additives in your vehicle. These additives may harm your engine cooling
system. The use of an improper coolant may void your warranty of your
vehicle’s engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes. Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use of such coolant may
harm engine and cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
122
Maintenance and care
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the engine
coolant concentration above 60%. Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine
coolant and water in your vehicle year-round in non-extreme climates.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid at
least twice a year. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge will be near the
center of the NORMAL band).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
123
Maintenance and care
4. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be between the arrows
in the FULL HOT range. Do not add fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL HOT range. Be sure to put the
dipstick back in the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking and adding automatic transmission fluid
Follow the scheduled service intervals outlined in the “Service Guide.”
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is below the bottom hole on
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA
the dipstick and outside
temperatures are above 10°C (50°F)
(see figure to the right).
Your transmission does not use up fluid. However, it is recommended
that you check the transmission fluid at least twice a year. The fluid level
should be checked if the transmission is not working properly, i.e., if the
transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid
leakage.
Transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating temperatures
66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal operating
temperature can be reached after approximately 32 km (20 miles) of
driving.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F])
(see figure to the right).
124
Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at room temperature
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]) (see figure
to the right).
If your vehicle has been operated for an extended period at high speeds,
in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should
be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow the fluid to cool before
checking.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
2. With the parking brake engaged
P R N D 2 1
and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the
gear ranges. Allow sufficient time
for each gear to engage.
3. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
4. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
5. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
6. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid level should
be within the top hole area on the dipstick.
7. If necessary, add fluid in 250ml (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
8. If an overfill occurs, excess fluid should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
If the fluid level is above the
crosshatch (hot operating range)
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA
area after driving the vehicle for
approximately 30 km (20 miles),
excess transmission fluid should be removed by a qualified technician.
125
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be at bottom of
the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
126
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding transfer case fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal
joints equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
127
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
Superstart maintenance-free battery.
If the original equipment battery
needs replacing, it may be replaced
with a low-maintenance battery. The
low-maintenance battery normally
does not require additional water
during its life of service.
If the electrolyte level in the battery
is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not
use hard water (water with a high
alkali content). If possible, however,
try to only fill the battery cells with
distilled water. If the battery needs
water often, have the charging system checked.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminal(s) and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water. Reinstall the cables when
you are done cleaning them, and apply a small quantity of grease to the
top of each battery terminal to help prevent corrosion.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery is replaced.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle conditions before your vehicle will drive properly. To
begin this process:
1. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
2. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
128
Maintenance and care
3. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle, the idle quality of
your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle is eventually
relearned.
• If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been
installed, the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once
the battery is reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s
standards for disposal. Call your
local recycling center to find out
more about recycling automotive batteries.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
When replacing wiper blade assemblies, always use a Motorcraft part or
equivalent. To make replacing the wipers easy, turn the ignition to ACC,
then turn the wipers on. When the wipers reach the vertical position,
turn the ignition to LOCK.
129
Maintenance and care
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
with a screwdriver to release the
blade and pull the wiper blade down
toward the windshield to remove it
from the arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
130
Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire grade 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
grade 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are A, B, and C, and they
represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured under
test surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking
(straight ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering
(turning) traction.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
131
Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km
(3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the Tire
Pressure Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the “Service Guide.” If you notice that the tires
wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels, if your vehicle is equipped with dual rear wheels it is
recommended that only the front wheels be rotated (side to side).
• Four tire rotation
132
Maintenance and care
• Five tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial, bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the tire
pressure decal. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed rating,
and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the decal. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
133
Maintenance and care
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier to lose control and roll
over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Driving too fast for conditions creates the possibility of loss of
vehicle control. Driving at very high speeds for extended periods
of time may result in damage to vehicle components.
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use snow tires and chains, you must
install steel wheels of the same size and specifications as those originally
installed.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Do not use tire chains on aluminum wheels. Chains may chip the
wheels.
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
134
Maintenance and care
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the pressure in the fuel
tank can damage the fuel system or cause it to work improperly
in a collision.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel cap is venting
vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no symptoms
are immediately apparent. The
toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for hours.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly remove contaminated clothing and
wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
• If fuel is splashed in the eyes, remove contact lenses (if worn), flush
with water for 15 minutes and seek medical attention.
135
Maintenance and care
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. Consult a physician
immediately.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Vehicles certified to California emission standards (indicated on the
underhood Vehicle Emissions Control Information label) are designed to
operate on California reformulated gasolines. If California reformulated
gasoline is not available when you refuel, your vehicle can be operated
on non-California fuels. However, even though your engine will perform
adequately on other gasolines, the performance of the emission control
devices and systems may be adversely affected.
Repair of damage caused by using a fuel for which your vehicle was not
designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded with an (R+M)/2
octane rating of 87. We do not
recommend gasolines labeled as
“Regular” that are sold with octane
ratings of 86 or lower in high
altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” gasoline.
“Premium” gasoline is not recommended (particularly in the United
States) because it may cause these problems to become more
pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
136
Maintenance and care
The American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) issued a
gasoline specification to provide information on high quality fuels that
optimize the performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use of
gasolines that meet the AAMA specification if they are available.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high-quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Do not use gasolines containing methanol, which can damage critical fuel
system components. Damage resulting from the use of methanol may not
be covered by your warranty.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:You may need to crank the engine several
times before the system starts to pump fuel from the tank to the engine.
If you run out of fuel, your Check Engine light may come on. For more
information on the Check Engine light, refer to the Instrumentation
chapter.
Calculating fuel economy
To accurately calculate your vehicle’s fuel economy:
1. Fill the tank completely and record the initial odometer reading.
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five fuel tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and
record the current mileage reading.
4. Use one of the following equations to calculate fuel economy.
Liters used x 100 4 Total kilometers traveled
Total miles traveled 4 Total gallons used
Keep a record for at least one month. This will provide an accurate
estimate of the vehicle’s fuel economy.
137
Maintenance and care
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the services listed in your “Service Guide” performed according
to the specified schedule.
The Scheduled Maintenance Services listed in the “Service Guide” are
required because they are considered essential to the life and
performance of your vehicle and to its emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Watch for fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke, loss of oil pressure, the
charging system warning light, the “Check Engine” light or the
temperature warning light. These events could indicate that the emission
control system is not working properly.
If you smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle, have
the dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do not drive
if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and could kill
you.
138
Maintenance and care
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II) system. If your “check engine/service
engine soon” light is on, reference the applicable light description in the
Warning Lights and Chimes section of your owners guide. Your vehicle
may not pass the I/M test with the “check engine/service engine soon”
light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the OBD-II system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city
and highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop and go, city type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• headlamps
• foglamps
• high-mount brakelamp
• brakelamps
139
Maintenance and care
• turn signals
• license plate lamp
• tail lamps
• back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
If the bulb is accidentally touched, it should be cleaned with rubbing
alcohol before being used.
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position, then open the hood. If
you are replacing the driver side headlamp, unclip the electronic module
on the right side of the battery and move it out of the way.
2. Locate the headlamp bulb through the hole in the upper radiator
support assembly.
3. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
the connector rearward.
4. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) about an
eighth of a turn to free it from the
bulb socket, and by sliding the ring
off the plastic base. Keep the ring
because it will be used again to
retain the new bulb.
140
Maintenance and care
5. Remove the old bulb from its socket by gently pulling it straight back
out of the socket. Do not turn the bulb while removing it.
To install the new bulb:
1. With the flat side of the bulb’s
plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the
socket. You may need to turn the
bulb left or right to line up the
grooves in the plastic base with the
tabs in the socket. When the
grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the socket until the plastic base
contacts the rear of the socket.
2. Slip the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating it clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Push the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until it
snaps, locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
Using the right bulbs
Function
Park/turn/side marker lamps (front)
Headlamps
Foglamps (if equipped)
Hi-mount brakelamp
Rear stop/tail lamps
Rear turn lamps
Rear license plate lamps
Number of
bulbs
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
Trade
number
3157
9007
H3
906
3157
3156
194
141
Maintenance and care
Function
Number of
bulbs
Backup lamp
2
Dome lamp
1
Map/dome-SuperCab (if equipped)
2
Map/dome-Regular Cab (if equipped)
1
2
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
Trade
number
3156
912
906
212-2
906
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The alignment of your headlamps should be checked by a qualified
service technician if:
1. Oncoming motorists frequently signal you to deactivate your high
beams, and your high beams are not activated.
2. The headlamps do not seem to provide enough light for clear night
vision.
3. The headlamp beams are pointed substantially away from a slightly
down and to the right position.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance Guide” for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
142
Maintenance and care
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle. Remove any exterior
accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car wash.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to remove any bugs and tar before waxing
vehicle. Use tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
touch-up paint, repair foil or aerosol paint spray from the Ford accessory
line. Observe the application instructions on the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
143
Maintenance and care
• 4.0L
• 3.0L
144
Maintenance and care
• 2.5L
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blades with
undiluted windshield wiper solution.
Clean the windshield with undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
non-abrasive detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
145
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Follow the directions that come with
the cleaner.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Inside windows
Use glass cleaner for the inside windows if they become fogged.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or abrasive materials. Use a
soft cloth and mild detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the reflective surface.
146
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
2.5L I4 engine 3.0L V6 engine 4.0L V6 engine
Air filter
FA-1616
FA-1616
FA-1616
Fuel filter
FG-872
FG-872
FG-872
Battery
BXT-58
BXT-58
BXT-58
Oil filter
FL-400S
FL-400S
FL-1A
PCV valve
EV-147
EV-130
EV-225
Spark plugs*
AWSF-32F**
AWSF-32PP*** AGSF-22PP***
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for
spark plug gap information.
** Two spark plugs per cylinder required (eight total)
*** If any spark plug needs to be removed for inspection, it must be
re-installed in the same cylinder. Cylinders No.1, 2 and 3 have a “PG”
suffix. Cylinders No. 4, 5 and 6 have a “P” suffix. If any spark plug
needs to be replaced, use only spark plugs with the service part
number suffix letters “PP” as shown on the engine decal.
147
Capacities and specifications
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Engine oil
(includes
filter
change)
Brake fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
5W30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
Power
steering
fluid
Transmission Motorcraft
fluid
MERCONt ATF
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Engine
coolant
148
Ford Extended
Life Engine
Coolant
(DEX-COOL)
Application
Capacity
2.5L I4 and 3.0L
V6 engine
4.3L (4.5 quarts)
4.0L V6 engine
4.7L (5.0 quarts)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
5-speed manual
4x2 vehicles with
automatic
4x4 vehicles with
automatic
2.5L I4 engine
without A/C
2.5L I4 engine
with A/C
3.0L V6 engine
without A/C
3.0L V6 engine
with A/C
4.0L V6 engine
without A/C
4.0L V6 engine
with A/C
Fill to range on
dipstick
2.65L (2.8 quarts)
9.0L (9.5 quarts)
9.3L (9.8 quarts)
6.2L (6.5 quarts)
6.8L (7.2 quarts)
9.0L (9.5 quarts)
9.6L (10.2 quarts)
7.4L (7.8 quarts)
8.1L (8.6 quarts)
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Fuel tank
Transfer
Case Fluid
Front axle
fluid
Ford Part
Name
N/A
Warner 13–54
Motorcraft SAE
80W90 Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W90 Rear
Axle Lubricant
Windshield Ultra-Clear
washer fluid Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Rear axle
fluid1
Application
Regular cab
(Short wheel
base)
Regular cab
(Long wheel
base)
SuperCab
4x4 Vehicles
Capacity
62.8L (16.6 gallons)
75.7L (20.0 gallons)
74.2L (19.6 gallons)
1.2L (1.25 quarts)
4x4 vehicles with
2.5L I4 or 3.0L
1.4L (1.5 quarts)
V6 engine
4x4 vehicles with 1.7L (1.8 quarts)
4.0L V6 engine
All
2.4-2.6L
(2.5-2.65 quarts)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
149
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Front axle
Rear axle
Brake fluid and clutch
fluid
(if equipped)
Engine coolant
Engine oil
Hinges, latches, stricker
plates, fuel filler door
hinge and seat tracks
Transmission
/steering/parking brake
linkages and pivots, brake
and clutch pedal shaft,
clutch pilot bearing and.
input shaft spline
(manual transmission).
150
Ford part
name or
equivalent
75W90 Gear
Lube
Motorcraft
SAE 80W90
Rear Axle
Lube1
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle
Brake Fluid
Ford
Extended
Life Engine
Coolant
(DEX-COOL)
Motorcraft
5W30 Super
Premium
Motor Oil
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XY75W90-QL
F1TZ19580-B
WSPM2C201-A
WSLM2C192-A
C6AZ19542AB
ESAM6C25-A
and DOT 3
F6AZ19544-AA or
B
ESEM97B44-A or
WSSM97B44-D
XO-5W30-BSP WSSor QSP
M2C153-G
and API
Certification
Mark
Multi-Purpose DOAZESBGrease
19584-AA or M1C93-B or
F5AZESB19g209-AA
M1C159-A
Premium
XG-1-C
ESALong-Life
M1C75-B
Grease
Capacities and specifications
Item
Power steering fluid,
transfer case fluid and
transmission fluid
(manual)
Automatic transmission
(4R44E and 5R55E)
Windshield washer fluid
Ford part
name or
equivalent
Motorcraft
MERCONt
ATF
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Ultra-clear
windshield
washer
concentrate
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
C9AZ19550-AB
ESRM17P5-A
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
2.5L I4 engine
153
119 @ 5000 rpm
146 lbs. ft. @
3000 rpm
Required fuel 87 octane
grade
Firing order
1-3-4-2
Spark plug
1.07-1.17 mm
gap
(0.042-.046 inch)
Ignition
EDIS
system
Compression 9.4:1
ratio
3.0L V6 engine
182
150 @ 5000 rpm
185 lbs. ft. @
3250 rpm
87 octane
4.0L V6 engine
245
160 @ 4200 rpm
225 lbs. ft. @
2750 rpm
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.07-1.17 mm
(0.042-.046 inch)
EDIS
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-.056 inch)
EDIS
9.14:1
9.0:1
151
Capacities and specifications
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle
dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Overall height
4x2/4x4
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track - Front
(5) Track - Rear
Regular Cab
Short Wheel
Base (SWB)
mm (in)
4 763 (187.5)
1 785 (70.3)
1 575 (62.0) /
1 655 (65.2)
2 831 (111.4)
1 486 (58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
Regular Cab
Long Wheel
Base (LWB)
mm (in)
5 093 (200.5)
1 785 (70.3)
1 586 (62.4) /
1 655 (65.2)
2 983 (117.4)
1 486 (58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
3
5
2
152
Supercab
mm (in)
5
1
1
1
3
1
1
153
785
585
684
192
485
455
(202.9)
(70.3)
(62.4) /
(66.3)
(125.7)
(58.5)
(57.3)
Capacities and specifications
4
1
4
1
153
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Safety compliance label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Safety Compliance
Certification Label be affixed to a
vehicle and prescribe where the
Safety Compliance Certification
Label may be located. The Safety
Compliance Certification Label is
located on the front door latch pillar
on the driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel.
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
154
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
155
Index
Aiming headlamps ....................142
Air bag supplemental restraint
system ..........................................47
and child safety seats ..............48
description ................................47
disposal ......................................50
indicator light ...........................50
passenger air bag ...........48,51,52
Air conditioning
manual heating and air
conditioning system .......19,20,21
Ambulance packages ....................3
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
description ................................66
Anti-theft system ........................35
Battery .......................................128
voltage gauge ............................15
Brake fluid
checking and adding ..............118
Brakes ..........................................64
anti-lock ................................64,65
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light .............................66
fluid, checking and adding ....118
Brake-shift interlock ...................67
Break-in period .............................2
Bulbs, replacing ........................139
headlamps ...............................140
specifications ..........................141
Changing a tire .........................101
Child safety seats ........................54
Chime
headlamps on ............................11
Cleaning your vehicle ...............142
engine compartment ..............143
fabric ........................................146
instrument panel ....................146
plastic parts ............................145
safety belts ..............................146
tail lamps .................................145
washing ....................................142
waxing .....................................143
156
wheels ......................................143
windows ..................................146
Clutch
fluid ..........................................119
Controls ..................................23,31
Driving under special
conditions ....................................77
high water .................................78
slippery roads ......................78,79
Emission control system ..........138
Engine ........................................151
service points ............112,113,114
Engine block heater ...................62
Engine coolant
checking and adding ..............121
disposal ....................................122
refill capacities ........................123
Engine oil ...........................115,117
changing oil and oil filter .......118
checking and adding .......115,117
Exhaust fumes ............................63
Foglamps .....................................16
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles .........74
control trac ..........................22,75
indicator light ...........................75
Fuel
calculating fuel economy .......137
improving fuel economy ..........92
octane rating ...........................136
quality ......................................136
running out of fuel .................137
safety information relating
to automotive fuels ................135
Fuel gauge ...................................12
Fuel pump shut-off switch .........93
Fuse panels
instrument panel ......................95
power distribution box .............98
Fuses .......................................94,95
Gauges, Mechanical
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................13
Index
Hazard flashers ...........................93
Headlamps ...................................16
daytime running lights .............16
flashing ......................................17
high beam .................................16
Heating ........................................17
High beams
indicator light .............................9
Hood ..........................................111
Instrument panel
lighting up panel and interior .17
Jump-starting your vehicle .....106,
107
attaching cables ......................107
disconnecting cables ..............108
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............11
Lamps
interior lamps .........................141
Lights, warning and indicator
air bag ..........................................8
anti-lock brakes (ABS) ..............8
anti-theft .....................................9
brake ............................................8
charging system ..........................9
check engine ............................6,7
cruise indicator .........................10
door ajar ....................................10
fuel reset .....................................8
overdrive off ................................9
safety belt ...................................8
turn signal indicator ...................9
Load limits
trailer towing ............................81
Lubricant specifications ...........150
Manual transmission
driving .............................72,73,74
Mirrors
cleaning ...................................146
side view mirrors (power) .......31
Motorcraft parts ........................147
Odometer .....................................14
Off road driving, 4-wheel drive .77
Overdrive .....................................28
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................33
Parking brake ..............................66
Power door locks ........................31
Power steering
fluid, checking and adding ....123
Radio ............................................24
Recreational towing, all wheels
on the ground .............................89
Refill capacities for fluids ........148
Relays ..........................................94
Remote entry system .................32
illuminated entry ......................34
locking/unlocking doors ...........32
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................34
replacing the batteries .............33
Reporting safety defects ..........155
Safety restraints
extension assembly ..................45
lap and shoulder belts ...40,41,42
maintenance ..............................46
proper use .................................39
warning light and chime .........11,
45,46
Safety seats for children
attaching with tether straps ....57
tether anchorage hardware .....58
Seats ............................................37
adjusting the seat, manual .......37
jump seats ............................38,39
lumbar support .........................38
rear seat access ........................38
Servicing your vehicle ..............110
precautions when servicing ...110
Snowplowing .................................2
Special notice
diesel-powered vehicles .............3
utility-type vehicles ....................2
Speed control ..............................24
157
Index
canceling a set speed ...............27
indicator light ...........................28
resuming a set speed ...............28
tap up/tap down .......................26
turning off .................................25
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle .............59,61
Tachometer
mechanical cluster ...................13
Tilt steering wheel ......................29
Tires ....................................130,132
changing ..................................103
checking the pressure ............132
replacing ..................................133
rotating ....................................132
snow tires and chains ............134
treadwear ................................131
Traction-lok rear axle ..........79,127
Trailer towing ..............................81
tips .............................................89
Transaxle
fluid, checking and adding
(manual) .................................126
Transfer case
fluid checking .........................127
158
Transmission .............................124
automatic
operation ..........67,68,69,70,71,72
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................124
Trip odometer .............................14
Turn signal
lever ...........................................24
Vehicle dimensions ...................152
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................154
Vehicle loading ............................79
Ventilating your vehicle .............63
Windows
power windows, operating .......30
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....120
checking and replacing wiper
blades ......................................129
operation ...................................29
Wrecker towing .........................109
Filling station information
Recommended fuel
Fuel tank capacity
(Regular cab-Short wheel base)
Fuel tank capacity
(Regular cab-Long wheel base)
Fuel tank capacity (SuperCab)
Engine oil capacity
(with filter change)2.5L and 3.0L engines
Engine oil capacity
(with filter change)4.0L engine
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Coolant capacity-2.5L
without air conditioning
Coolant capacity-2.5L
with air conditioning
Coolant capacity-3.0L
without air conditioning
Coolant capacity-3.0L
with air conditioning
Coolant capacity-4.0L
without air conditioning
Coolant capacity-4.0L
with air conditioning
Power steering fluid capacity
Manual transmission fluid capacity
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x2 vehicles
Automatic transmission fluid
capacity-4x4 vehicles
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
62.8L (16.6 gallons)
75.7 (20.0 gallons)
74.2L (19.6 gallons)
4.3L (4.5 quarts). Use Motorcraft
5W30 Super Premium Motor Oil,
Ford Specification WSS-M2C153-G
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
5W30 Super Premium Motor Oil,
Ford Specification WSS-M2C153-G
See Safety Compliance
Certification Label on inside of
driver door.
Pull handle under the left side of
the instrument panel
6.2L (6.5 quarts)
6.8L (7.2 quarts)
9.0L (9.5 quarts)
9.6L (10.2 quarts)
7.4L (7.8 quarts)
8.1L (8.6 quarts)
Fill to range on dipstick
2.65L (2.8 quarts)
9.0L (9.5 quarts)
9.3L (9.8 quarts)
159
Filling station information
Ensure correct automatic transmission fluid is used for a specific
application. Check the container to verify the fluid is MERCONt and/or
MERCON Vt approved. Some fluids have been approved as meeting both
MERCONt and MERCONt V requirements and will be labeled as such.
Fluids labeled as meeting only MERCONt or only MERCONt V
requirements must not be used interchangeably. DO NOT mix MERCONt
and MERCONt V. Transmission fluid requirements are indicated on the
dipstick or on the dipstick handle. Refer to your “Service Guide” to
determine the correct service interval.
160